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FORMULARIO DE CLCULO I
FORMULAS DE ALGEBRA
kCDUC1CS NC1A8LLS
(xy) =x 2xy+y
x y =(xy)(x+y)
x y = (xy)(x xy+y )
(xy) =x 3x y+3xy y
(xa)(xb) =x (a+b)x+ab
(x+y) +(xy) =2(x +y )
ICkMULA GLNLkAL ax +bx+c=0 x
,
=

Si b 4ac>0 raicesrealesdistintas
Si b 4ac=0 raicesrealesiguales
Si b 4ac<0 raicescomplejas
EL BINUMIU DE NEWTUN (a+b) =a +
!
a b+
( )
!
a b +
( )( )
!
a b + +b
LUCARITMUS Definicin: log N=x b =N Donde: N >0, b>0 y b1 Propiedades:
log A+log B=log (AB)
log Alog B=log (A B )
log b=1 ; log 1=0
log A =n log A
log A = log A
log A =(log A) (log b)
b =A
log A=log
( )
(A )
log A =log
( )
( A)
(log a)( log b) =1
Colog N=log =log N
Antilog x=b
FORMULAS DE TRIGONOMETRA
sen(a) =sena
cos(a) =cosa
tan(a) =tana
tan=sen cos
cot=cos sen
sec=1 cos
csc=1 sen
cos +sen =1
tan +1=sec
cot +1=csc
sen a=(1cos2a) 2
cos a=(1+cos2a) 2
sen2a=2senacosa
cos2a=cos asen a
sen3x=3senx4sen x
cos3x=4cos x3cosx
sen(ab) = senacosb senbcosa
cos(ab) =cosacosbsenasenb
tan(ab) =(tanatanb) (1tanatanb)
senacosb = sen(a+b) +sen(ab) 2
cosacosb=(cos(a+b) +cos(ab)) 2
senasenb =(cos(ab) cos(a+b)) 2
sena + senb=2sen
( )
cos
( )
sena senb =2cos
( )
sen
( )
cosa + cosb =2cos
( )
cos
( )
cosa cosb =2sen
( )
sen
( )
sen =
cos =
tan =
csc =
sec =
cot =
DEG
180
=

=
GRA
200
DLG slstema seageslmal
GRA slstema centeslmal
sen =
catetoopuesto
hipotenusa
cos =
hipotenusa
tan =
catetoopuesto
senhx=(e e ) 2
coshx=(e +e ) 2
tanhx=(e e ) (e +e )
cosh xsenh x=1
sech x=1tanh x
csch x=coth x1
arcsenhx=ln(x+x +1)
arccoshx=ln(x+x 1)
arctanhx=
1
2
ln
1+x
1x
arccothx=
1
2
ln
x+1
x1
arcsechx=ln[(1+1x ) x]
arccschx=ln[(1+x +1) x ]
3.14

2
1.57
1.77
2.71
e 7.38
2 1.41

0.70
3 1.73

0.57

0.86

1.15
0
1
2
2
2
3
2
1
3
2
2
2
1
2
0 1 0
1
3
2
2
2
1
2
0
1
2

2
2

3
2
1 0 1
0
1
3
1 3 3 1
1
3
0 0
csc 2 2
2
3
1
2
3
2 2 1
sec 1
2
3
2 2 2 2

2
3
1 1
cot 3 1
1
3
0
1
3
1 3 0
FORMULAS DE GEOMETRA
rea
1
2
bh a ab r ab bh
(a+b)
2
h r

360
Permetro 4a 2a+2b 2r
Cubo Paraleleppedo Tetraedro Cilindro Cono Pirmide Esfera Elipsoide
rea
6a 2(ab+ac+bc) 3a 2rh+2r rg+r
4r
Volumen
a abc
1
12
2a r h
1
3
r h
1
3
A h
4
3
r
4
3
abc
CLkACICNLS a espositivo
0
a
=0
a
0
=
0

=0

0
=

a
=
a

=0
a =1
a+ =
a =
=
=
+ =
0 =0
a = si a>1
a =0 si a<1
=
log0 =
log =
INDL1LkMINACICNLS
0
0

0 1 0
LIMI1LS CCMUNLS
lim

sinx
x
=1
lim

tanx
x
=1
lim

1cosx
x
=0
lim

(1+x)

=e
lim

(1+
1
x
) =e
lim

e 1
x
=1
lim

a 1
x
=lna
DLkIVADAS Def|n|c|n: F = =y = =lim

( ) ( )
; h=x
( a) =0
( x) =1
( x ) =mx
x =

( a ) =a lna
( e ) =e
( lnx) =1 x
( log x) =
( senx) =cosx
( cosx) =senx
( tagx) =sec x
( cotx) =csc x
( secx) =secxtagx
( cscx) =cscxcotx
( uv) =u v+uv
u
v
=(u v uv ) v
( u ) =u (v lnu+ u v u )
( arcsenx) =1 1x
( arccosx) =1 1x
( arctagx) =1 (x +1)
( arccot x) =1 (x +1)
( arcsecx) =1 (xx 1 )
( arccscx) =1 (xx 1 )
(x ) =x (lnx+1)
(|x|) =|x| x , x0
( senhx) =coshx
( coshx) =senhx
( taghx) =sech x
( cothx) =csch x
(sechx) =sechxtaghx
( cschx) =cschxcothx
( arcsenhx) =

( arccoshx) =

( arctaghx) =
( arccothx) =
( arcsechx) =

( arccschx) =

LC. kLC1A (unto - end|ente) end|ente end|ente ortogona| Angu|o Angu|o entre pend|entes
yy =m(xx ) m=f (x ) m=1 f (x ) =arctan(m) =arctan(
m m
1+m m
)
CkI1LkICS AkA HALLAk LCS MkIMCS MINIMCS
Cr|ter|o de |a 2da der|vada Cr|ter|o de |a 1ra der|vada Cr|ter|o de comparac|n Con dom|n|os de crec|m|ento
f (p.c.) >0 .
f (p.c.) <0 .
p.c. = Ls un punLo crlLlco
Sea: x < <x
f (x ) <0 f (x ) >0
f (x ) >0 f (x ) <0
x es el punLo crlLlco
x ,x son muy cercanos a x
Sea: x < <x
f(x) < (x ) y f(x) < (x ) mn
f(x) > (x ) y f(x) > (x ) mx
x es el punLo crlLlco
x , x Llenen que ser muy cercanos a x
Sl en el punLo crlLlco pasa oe oecreclenLe a
creclenLe mn
Sl en el punLo crlLlco pasa oe creclenLe a
oecreclenLe mx
(Slempre que en el punLo crlLlco un punLo
oe lnflexln y aslnLoLa verLlcal)
IN1LGkALLS
A8LA A = [ F(x) g(x) ]dx= [ F(y) g(y) ] dy
d
c
F(x) Ls la curva superlor g(x) Ls la curva lnferlor
F(y) Ls la curva oerecha g(y) Ls la curva lzquleroa
vCLuMLN uL 8LvCLuClCN
V = [ F(x)] [g(x) ] dx=2 y[F(y) g(y)]dy
V =2 x[ F(x) g(x) ] dx= [ F(y)] [g(y) ] dy
LCNCl1uu uL A8CC
L = 1+( ) dx= 1+( ) dy= ( ) +( ) dt
A8LA uL SuL8llClL uL 8LvCLuClCN
S =2 y 1+( ) dx=2 y 1+( ) dy
S =2 x 1+( ) dx=2 x 1+( ) dy
CLN18C CLCML18lCC
x=
[ F(x)g(x) ]
[ F(x)g(x) ]
=
[F(y)g(y)]
[F(y)g(y)]
y =
[ F(x)g(x) ]
[ F(x)g(x) ]
=
[ F(y)g(y) ]
[ F(y)g(y) ]
SusLlLucln
1rlgonomeLrlca
x +a
x=atag ; x +a =asec
x a
x=asec ; x a =atag
a x
x=asen ; a x =acos
Ln la slgulenLes lnLegrales se oebe anaolr al flnal la consLanLe +C (solo sl se Lraba[a con lnLegrales lnoeflnloas)
dx=x
xdx=x 2
x dx=x (n+1)
dx=ln|x|
e dx=e
a dx=a lna
lnxdx=xln xx
(f (x) f(x) ) dx=ln| f(x) |
senxdx=cosx
cosxdx=senx
tanxdx=ln|cosx|
cotxdx=ln|senx|
sec xdx=tanx
csc xdx=cotx
secxdx=ln|secx+tanx|
cscxdx=ln |cscxcotx|
secxtanxdx=secx
cscx cotxdx=cscx
udv=uv vdu (Integracin por partes)
dx= arctan
dx= ln| |
dx= ln| |

dx=ln|x+x +a |

dx=arcsen

dx=ln|x+x a |
x a dx= x a ln x+ x a
a x dx= a x + arcsen
x a dx= x a ln |x+x a |
arctanxdx=xarctanx ln|1+x |
arcsenxdx=xarcsenx+ 1x
e dx=e a
sen(ax) dx=(1 a )cos(ax)
cos(ax) dx=(1 a )sen(ax)
xe dx= (ax1)
x e dx= e x e dx
x (lnx) dx=
( )
x (lnx) dx
x lnxdx=x (
( )
)
(lnx) dx=x(lnx) m(lnx) dx
e senbxdx= (asenbxbcosbx)
e cosbxdx= (acosbx+bsenbx)
x senbxdx= cosbx+ x cosbxdx
x cosbxdx= senbx x senbxdx
sen xdx= + sen xdx
cos xdx= + cos xdx
tan xdx= tan xdx
sec xdx= + sec xdx