P. 1
A+ Manual

A+ Manual

|Views: 3.032|Likes:
Publicado porHofmang

More info:

Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Hofmang on Sep 02, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





All PCs use several different methods to prevent internal components from
overheating. These include fans, heat sinks, different kinds of thermal materials
designed to dissipate heat rapidly, and liquid cooling systems.

Fans are the most commonly used cooling system, and several fans are found in
all PCs. They cool the inside of the case by continually drawing cooler air into it
or, in some older systems, blowing air out of the case.
If you find that your system is shutting down for no apparent reason, it may be
due to overheating and you should troubleshoot the fans. You should check for

fan operation


case size
unused expansion slots

fan operation

If the fans are not actually working, they cannot cool your system. You should be able to check if
this is the case by looking or listening for the fans. You should then replace any defective fans.


You should check the area in and around the fans for excessive dust buildup, and remove any
dust with a non-static vacuum. Also, you should clean the inside of the case to prevent dust
buildup on the components themselves – dust acts as an insulator and can cause these
components to overheat.

case size

You should try and use as large a case size as is practical, and even think about changing the size
of the case if you plan a significant upgrade to your system. A larger case size helps to cool the
system more efficiently.

unused expansion slots

It's important that you cover any unused expansion slots because if these are left open, they can
disrupt the air flow within the case.

A cooling fan is used to cool down the CPU and, depending on the type of CPU
used, sits on top of the processor or is clipped onto its side. This fan derives its
power from the power supply unit.

If you are having problems which you believe are related to an overheating CPU
– typical symptoms include system crashes, memory errors, and lockups – then
you should check the power connection. Some systems automatically shut down
if the fan stops working.
Older processor types use heat sinks to dissipate heat away from the CPU.
These are very reliable because there are no moving parts, but not as efficient
as fans. A popular solution is the use of a heat sink and a fan, sometimes
referred to as a cooler.
To improve the heat distribution away from the CPU, some users place a thin
layer of a special material – commonly known as thermal compound or silicon
compound – at the interface between the surface of the CPU and the fan, or
heat sink.

Other fans and heat sinks have a thermal pad, designed to eliminate the need
for thermal compound. Problems can arise if these are used together, so you
should check this when troubleshooting the processor cooling system.
Users with high-end processors, or those who wish to overclock these
processors – deliberately run the processor at a higher clock speed than
recommended by the manufacturer, a practice which immediately voids the
warranty – can use a liquid cooling system.

Such a system circulates a liquid – such as water – around a heat sink that
encloses the CPU. Because any liquid is a better coolant than air, such systems
can cool the CPU much more efficiently than a fan, allowing the CPU to run
faster (and therefore hotter) than would otherwise be the case. These systems
have the added advantage that they run much more quietly than fans.


Some problems you might have with liquid cooling systems on a PC include

the pump isn't running
errors display when you boot up
the temperature is too high

the pump isn't running

If the pump isn't running, you should check that it is receiving power. If the problem isn't the power
supply, you may need to replace the pump.

errors display when you boot up

Some systems will not boot, or display error messages while booting, if a cooling fan – rather than
a liquid cooling system – is not attached to the CPU. You might be able to disable this setting in
BIOS. If not, you may have to upgrade it.

the temperature is too high

With a liquid cooling system, a high temperature can have several different causes. The power
supply may be faulty, for example, or one of the tubes circulating the liquid may be twisted or
blocked. In this situation, you may have to disassemble the system and reinstall new tubing.


A floppy disk drive (FDD) error can occur as a result of a mechanical problem
with a floppy disk, user error, setup or operating system (OS) errors, or hardware
problems. Hardware problems include physical faults with the FDD, with cable
connections, or with the power supply.

Installing hard disk drives (HDDs), CD drives, and DVD drives is usually not
problematic unless you have a complex drive setup. Typical problems you might
encounter when installing an HDD include CMOS, boot device, and formatting
errors. When installing CD and DVD drives, similar kinds of issues arise,
because the form factor of the drive is the same. Among the items you should
check for such drives are cable connections, jumper settings, and device

All PCs support several different methods for preventing internal components
from overheating. These include fans, heat sinks, thermal materials, and liquid
cooling systems


You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->