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A+ Manual

A+ Manual

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Publicado porHofmang

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: Hofmang on Sep 02, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Newer Pentium processors – from the Pentium II on – and the associated
chipsets, support AGP technology. This was developed in response to a need
for greater video bandwidth than the PCI bus could be expected to offer.

Intel introduced the AGP standard as a 32-bit video channel that runs at 66 MHz
in 1x video mode. Its high-speed modes include AGP 2x (with a bandwidth of
533 Mbps) and AGP 4x (1.07 Gbps bandwidth). The most recent AGP
specification defines another mode, AGP 8x, with a bandwidth of 2.1 Gbps.
Although the original AGP specification was based on PCI, AGP is more
advanced than PCI, and offers other features.

One major difference is that a direct channel connects the AGP graphic
controller to the MCH – or the North Bridge. This removes video traffic from the
PCI bus and the increased speed resulting from this link allows video data to be
stored in RAM instead of in video memory.
A motherboard contains one AGP slot supported by a Pentium/AGP-compliant
chipset. The AGP slot is similar in appearance to the PCI slot, but is colored
brown and offset slightly from the PCI slots to avoid confusion.
There are several subtle differences between AGP slots, depending on the
voltages they provide. The 1.5 and 3.3 V slots have a notch or key at opposite
ends of the slot, whereas the AGP universal slot, which has no notch, can
accommodate both 1.5 and 3.3 V AGP cards.


All these slots have a 132-pin connector, but another standard, AGP Pro,
specifies a longer, 180-pin slot. Some portable and single-board systems even
include the AGP function directly on the board, rather than using a slot

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