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Reading Block Explicit Instruction (10-20 minutes) o Teacher takes control ! Model or shared reading !

! Focus will depend on needs of students o Could focus on: o Word awareness o Sentence work o Phonological awareness o Comprehension o Critical literacy o Specific reading strategies *Best to focus on one detail to develop deep knowledge then move onto others ! Students should be actively listening and sharing ideas and suggestions Guided Reading (20 minutes) o Teacher analyses student work to find common elements for later teaching focus o Students become move actively involved o Groups are fluid and change as the students need change o Focus on: ! Expression, phrasing, and fluency ! Word study ! Word attack skills ! Reading for meaning ! Comprehension ! Sight words ! Concepts of print ! Role of punctuation o Scaffold the learning for children ! Book orientation New vocab and concepts Discuss illustrations ! Children read independently Teacher moves around Identify specific need to teach ! Regroup Specific teaching focus Discuss text Independently Reading (15 minutes) o Student read their own text o Demonstrate control of what has been modeled to them previously o Read for real purposes and audiences Sharing (10-15 minutes) o Students have opportunity to share what they have been working on and what strategies and processes they have used o This information is used for future planning that target specific needs

Writing Block Explicit Instruction (10-20 minutes) o Teacher takes control ! Focusing on a key element of the writing process ! Model, share, or interactive writing ! Focus will depend on the particular needs of students Moving through writing process o Planning o Drafting o Conferring o Refining o Publishing Teaching specific writing strategies *Best to focus on one detail to develop deep knowledge then move onto others Guided Writing (20 minutes) o Involves working with small groups in order to identify a common need ! Needs found through analyzing student writing on a daily basis o Groups are fluid ! Rarely same from day to day o Focus on: ! Punctuation ! Writing a complete sentence ! Creating paragraphs ! Hearing and recording the sounds in words ! Print conversations OR Interactive Writing o Involves working with small groups either based on needs or mixed ability o Groups are fluid and based on specific focus o Focus on: ! Recounting a big book ! A previously taught lesson on how to write ! Writing a response to a shared book Independent Writing (20 minutes) o Students have opportunity to compose their own texts and demonstrate their control of what has been modeled for them o Children write for real purposes and audiences Sharing (10-15 minutes) o Teacher facilitates the process o Students have opportunity to share what they have done or are working on o Share strategies and processes that they have used o Receive constructive feedback in order to improve future writing ! Teacher should spend time teaching children how to be critical friends to their peers to ensure that this is productive o This information is used for future planning that target specific needs