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Universidad Santo Toma

Division de Ingenieras, Calculo Diferencial


Taller de Lmites, Segundo Semestre 2013
pez Suspes, Email: framsol@gmail.com
Framsol Lo

Comprobar cada uno de los siguientes lmites de forma algebraica, revisar el resultado en Mathematica o
Maxima.

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(12)
(13)
(14)
(15)
(16)
(17)
(18)
(19)
(20)

x+1
1
= ,
x1 x3 x
2

2x + 1 3
2 2
=
lm
,
x4
3
x2 2

1 + x + x2 1
1
= ,
lm
x0
x
2
3x2 2x 5
= 8 ,
lm
x1
1+x

x+11
1
lm
= ,
x0
x
2
x

= 1 ,
lm
x0
1x 1+x
(x + h)3 x3
lm
= 3x2 ,
h0
h

x2 + 1
=1,
lm
x x + 1
sin(x) sin(a)
= cos(a) ,
lm
xa
xa

x2 + a2 a
b
lm
= ,
x0
a
x2 + b2 b
2
x 5x + 6
1
lm 2
= ,
x2 x + 2x 8
6
cos(x + h) cos(x)
lm
= sin x ,
h0
h
x + sin(2x)
3
lm
= ,
x0 x sin(3x)
2

2
2
x +b b
a
lm
= ,
2
2
x0
b
x +a a
2
x 5x + 6
1
lm
= ,
x2 x2 + x 6
5
2
3x 2x + 1

lm
=3,
x
x4 1
3x + 4
lm
=3,
x
x+x
2x2 3x + 1
lm
=0,
3
x 4x 3x2 + x 10

lm ( x + a x) = 0 ,
x
p
1
lm x( x2 + 1 x) = .
x
2
lm

(21)
(22)
(23)
(24)
(25)
(26)
(27)
(28)
(29)
(30)
(31)
(32)
(33)
(34)
(35)
(36)
(37)
(38)
(39)
(40)

1
1 x
= ,
lm
x1 x 1
2
x2 + x 2
lm
=3,
x1
x1
7
x2 + 3x 10
= ,
lm 2
x2 x + x 6
5

3
x2
1
lm
=
,
x8 8 x
12
x1
lm
=1,
x
x2 + 1
cos(a)
sin(a) sin(x)
=
,
lm
xa
a2 x2
2a
x2 4
=4,
lm
x2 x 2
p
a
lm x(x + a) x = ,
x
2

1
x1
= ,
lm
x1 1 x
2

ax
= 2 a ,
lm
xa
x a

x+h x
1
= ,
lm
h0
h
2 x

x+1 1x
lm
=1,
x0
x

3
x1
4
lm
= ,
4
x1
3
x1

8 x
= 3 ,
lm
x64 3 x 4

2 x3
1
lm
=
,
2
x7 x 49
56
sin(x + h) sin(x)
lm
= cos(x) ,
h0
h
x sin(2x)
1
lm
= ,
x0 x + sin(3x)
4
4
2
15x 17x 4
23
lm
=
,
2
2
12x 16
12
x
3

3 x+5
1

lm
= ,
x4 1 5 x
3

1 + sin x 1 sin x
lm
=1.
x0
x

(65)

(41)
(42)
(43)
(44)
(45)
(46)
(47)
(48)
(49)
(50)
(51)
(52)
(53)
(54)
(55)
(56)
(57)
(58)
(59)
(60)
(61)
(62)
(63)
(64)

x
2

= ,
x0 1 5x + 1
5

3
x+11
2
lm
= ,
x0
3
x+11

3
10 x 2
1
lm
=
,
x2
x2
12
2x2 x 1
1
lm 4
= ,
3
2
x1 6x + 3x 2x 5x 2
8
x+1
lm
=1,
x1
6x2 + 3 + 3x

2x + 1 3
2 2
=
lm
,
x4
3
x2 2

x+2 2
2
=
,
lm
x0
x
4

x+12
1
lm
= ,
x3
x3
4
x
lm
=6,
x0
x+93
4 x2

lm
=6,
x2 3 x2 + 5
x7 x2 + 1
1
lm
= ,
7
3
x 3x + x 3x
3
3x2 + 2x + 1
=0,
lm
x
x3 1
16x4 a4
lm
=,
x 4x2 a2

lm x + 2 x 1 = 0 ,
x
p
p
3
lm x2 + 2 x2 3x = ,
x
2

2
x +1
2
lm
,
=
2
x
2
2x + x
p
3
lm 4x2 3x + 7 2x = ,
x
4
p
1
lm x2 + x x = ,
x
2

3
3
2
x 2 x+1
1
lm
= ,
2
x1
(x 1)
9
3
x 3x + 2
1
lm
= ,
x1 x4 4x + 3
2
x2 (a + 1)x + a
a1
lm
=
,
3
3
xa
x a
3a2
x4 + 4x2 21
lm
= 16 ,

3 x2
x 3

(66)

lm

x4

2x2

8
= 24 ,
x2
x+2
6x4 + 3x3 2x2 5x 2
5
lm
= ,
2
2x x 1
4
x1/2
lm

(67)
(68)
(69)
(70)
(71)
(72)
(73)
(74)
(75)
(76)
(77)
(78)
(79)
(80)
(81)
(82)
(83)

x3 x2 8x + 12
=0,
x2 x3 3x2 4x + 12
x3 7x2 + 14x 8
1
lm
= ,
3
2
x1
x + 3x 4
3
3
4x 7x + 3
5
lm
= ,
x1 x4 5x2 + 4
6
lm x sin(1/x) = 1 ,
lm

1 sin(x/2)
=0,
x

3
1 2 cos x
lm
=
,
3x
3
x 3


2 x
= e2 ,
lm 1 +
x
x

x
x
lm
= e1 ,
x x + 1
lm

lm (1 + sin x) x = e ,
x0


x 1 x+2
lm
= e4 ,
x x + 3
ex 1
lm
=1,
x0
x
!
r
1
1+x
lm ln
=1,
x0 x
1x
x2
=2,
x0 1 cos(x)
lm

sin(x) cos(x)
2
lm
=
,
tan(x) 1
2
x 4
p

1 cos(x)
2
lm
=
,
x0
x
2
6x2 9x 15
21
lm
=
,
x1
1 x2
2

4x 3

lm
= 2 3 ,
3
x1 2
9x
sin x + sin a
lm
= cos a ,
xa
a+x

10 x 3
1
lm
=
.
x1
x3 1
18

Encontrar el lmite
f (x + h) f (x)
.
h0
h
lm

s
(84)

f (x) = x2 ,

(85)

f (x) = x3 ,

(86)

f (x) = sin(nx) ,

(87)

f (x) = cos(nx) ,

(88)

f (x) = 3x 1,

f (x) = ax + b .

(89)

Siendo n, a, b constantes.