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log ,

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1

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i
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( ) ( ) ( ) Y X H Y H Y X H / , + =
( ) ( ) ( ) X Y H X H Y X H / , + =
) ( ) ( ) , ( ) , ( Y H X H Y X H Y X I + + =

) / ( ) ( Y X H X H =

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)] / ( ) ( max[ )] / ( ) ( max[ )} , ( max{ X Y H Y H Y X H X H Y X I C
def
= =
=

) , ( max Y X I C
C
t
= =

=
oi i
p

) , ( Y X I
I
t
=
) , ( Y X I C R
def
c
=

C
Y X I
C
R
c
c
) , (
1 = =

C
Y X I
c
) , (
=

) 1 log( log ) 1 log( ) 1 ( log + + = n p p p p p n C
sim
) ( 1 )] 1 log( ) 1 ( log [ 1 p H p p p p C
binsim
= + + =

S = _
p(x
1
|y
1
)
p(x
1
|y
2
)

p(x
1
|y
m
)
p(x
2
|y
1
) p(x
n
|y
1
)
p(x
2
|y
2
) p(x
n
|y
2
)

p(x
2
|y
m
) p(x
n
|y
m
)
_ C = _
c
11
c
21

c
n1
c
12
c
1n
c
22
c
2n

c
n2
c
nn
_
I
c
= _
p(x
1
|x
1
)
p(x
1
|x
2
)

p(x
1
|x
n
)
p(x
2
|x
1
) p(x
n
|x
1
)
p(x
2
|x
2
) p(x
n
|x
2
)

p(x
2
|x
n
) p(x
n
|x
n
)
_

I
c
= P(|X) S
( ) ( ) ( )
k i
m
k
j k j i
y x p x y p x x p / / /
1

=
=

p(y
k
|x
1
)
p(y
k
|x
2
)

2
P
2
P
1

c
21
-c
22
c
12
-c
11

(y
k
) =
p(y
k
|x
1
)
p(y
k
|x
2
)

Criteriulplauzibilitatiimaxime:K = 1;
Criteriulobservatoruluiideal: K =
P
2
P
1
;
Criteriulprobabilitatiiaposteriorimaxime:
P
1
p(
k
|x
1
)
P
2
p(
k
|x
2
)
E
1

E
2
1sou
p(x
1
|y
k
)
p(x
2
|y
k
)
E
1

E
2
1

= p(s

n
=1
) l

E(S)
log
= l
min

C
c=
max
p(x)
E(x) =
p
c
=
E(S)
l

log
=
E(X)
E
mux
(X)
=
E(X)
log
=
l
min


p
c
= 1 -p
c
= 1 -
E(X)
E
mux
(x)

l
min

=
E(S)
log

p(s

) = _
1

]
I
i
=
-I
i

-I
i
N
=1
1