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Sistemas y Circuitos

INGENIERIA DE TELECOMUNICACION

Problemas 14/10/2008

Sistemas LIT y Convoluci


on
1. Considere el sistema con relacion entrada-salida
1
1
y[n] = x[n] + x[n 1] + x[n + 1]
2
2
Considere la se
nal x[n] =

2 2 n 2
0 otros

(a) Verifique si el sistema es LIT.


(b) Halle la salida con ingreso x[n].
(c) Halle la salida con ingreso x1 [n] = 6 x[n + 1].
(d) Halle la salida con ingreso x2 [n] = ej 9 x[n 1].

n = 3

n = 2

4 1 n 1
Sol. SI, y[n] =
, y1 [n] = 6 y[n + 1] =

3 n=2

1
n
=
3

0 otros

n = 2
ej 9

j 9

3e n = 1

4ej 9 0 n 2
.
y2 [n] = ej 9 y[n 1] =

3ej 9 n = 3

n=4
ej 9

0
otros

6
18
24
18
6
0

n = 4
n = 3
2 n 0
,
n=1
n=2
otros

2. Determine y dibuje la convolucion z[n] = x[n] y[n] con


(a) x[n] = 2j [n 1]

y[n] = u[n]

(b) x[n] = [n 1] + [n] + [n + 1]


(c) x[n] = cos
(d) x[n] = 2
(e) x[n] =

3
5 n

 n
1
2

y[n] = 10 [n 3]

y[n] = 5 [n 10]
y[n] = [n] + [n 1]

u[n]

y[n] = u[n]

Sol. (sin dibujo)


4] + 10 [n 3] + 10 [n 2],
i z[n] = 2j u[n 1], z[n] = 10 [n
h

n+1 u[n].
n
,
z[n]
=
4,
z[n]
=
2
1

(1/2)
z[n] = 5 cos 3
5

3. Determine y dibuje la convolucion z[n] = x[n] y[n] con


(a) x[n] =

1 2 n 2
0 otros

1 n = 1

2 n=0
(b) x[n] =
3 n=1

y[n] = u[n]

y[n] =

5 n = 1

5 n=0

0 otros

0 otros

(c) x[n] =

1 n = 2

n = 1
2

1
1
0

n=0
n=1
otros

y[n] =

(d) x[n] = 2
(e) x[n] =

 n
1
3

en 0 n 2
0
otros

y[n] = [n] + [n 1]
u[n]

y[n] =

 n
1
4

u[n]

n = 2
5 n = 2

n = 1
15 n = 1
Sol. (sin dibujo) z[n] =
3 n = 0 , z[n] =
25 n = 0 ,

4
n
=
1
15 n = 1

5 n2
0 otros

1
n
=
2

2 e1
n = 1

1 e2 n = 0

 n+1 #
 n "
1
+
2e

3
1
1
u[n].
z[n] =
1 + e1 + 2e2 n = 1 , z[n] = 4, z[n] = 4

3
4

1 + e2

e
n
=
2

e2
n=3

0
otros

4. Considere el sistema con relacion entrada-salida

x(t)
+ x(t 2)
dt

y(t) = d
y considere la se
nal x(t)
x(t)
6
2
1

(a) Verifique si el sistema es LIT.


(b) Hallar la salida con ingreso x(t).
(c) Hallar la salida con ingreso x1 (t) = 2 x(t).
(d) Hallar la salida con ingreso x2 (t) = x(t + 2).
Sol. SI,
y(t)

y1 (t)

y2 (t)

1
1

1
1

2 1
1

5. Determine y dibuje la convolucion z(t) = x(t) y(t) con


(a) x(t) = 2ej4 (t + 5)

y(t) = 4 u(t 2)

(b) x(t) = 5 (t 1) + 4 (t + 1)
(c) x(t) = cos
(d) x(t) = 2

3
5t

j 35 t

(e) x(t) = 2 e

3 sin

y(t) = 2 (t 1) + 2 (t + 1)

t

y(t) = 3 (t + 10)

y(t) = 5 (t)
2

(t 5/3)

y(t) = et

j4 u(t + 3), z(t) = 10 (t 2) + 8 (t) + 10 (t) + 8 (t + 2),


Sol. (sin dibujo)
  z(t) = 8e

2
z(t) = 3 cos 53 t 9 sin 5t z(t) = 10, z(t) = 2 e(t5/3) .

6. Determine y dibuje la convolucion z(t) = x(t) y(t) con


(a) x(t) = sin(0 t)
(b) x(t) =

e2t u(t)

(c) x(t) = (t/2)


(d) x(t) = (t + 1/2)
(e) x(t) =

y(t) = u(t)
y(t) = 2 e3t u(t)
y(t) = (t/4)
y(t) = u(t)

t 0<t<2
0 otros

y(t) =

t2 0 < t < 1
0 otros

Sol.(sin dibujo) z(t) = 10 [1 cos(0 t)] u(t), z(t) = 2 e2t e3t u(t),

3 < t < 1
(t + 3)

t < 1
2
0
1 < t < 1
z(t) =
z(t) =
(t + 1) 1 < t < 0 ,

(t + 3) 1 < t < 3

t0

0
otros
t4

0<t<1
12

t 1
1<t<2
3
4
.
z(t) =
(t+6)
1
t
3

4 (t 2) 12
2<t<3

0
otros