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Grimm, Jacob - Teutonic Mythology Vol 1

Grimm, Jacob - Teutonic Mythology Vol 1

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Published by: daniel_fullmoon on Aug 08, 2009
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01/23/2013

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Auciam, ubi erant templa fanatica a decurionihus cidta. (a.D.

614.) Andesagina is Anseuiie, Aiicia was afterwards called la

Bresle, Briselle.

Beda, hist. eccl. 2, 13, relates how the NorthumLrian king

Eadwine, baptized 627, slain 633, resolved after mature consultation

wdth men of understanding to adopt Christianity, and was especially

made to waver in his ancient faith by Coifi (Coefi) his chief heathen

priest himself: Cumque a praefato pontifice sacrorum suorum

quaereret, quis aras et fana idolorum cum septis quihus erant cir-

cumdata primus profanare deberet ? respondit : ego. quis enim ea,

quae per stultitiam colui, nunc ad exemplum omnium aptius quam

ipse per sapientiam mihi a Deo vero donatam destruam ?

.

.

.

Accinctus ergo gladio accepit lanceam in manu et ascendens

emissarium regis (all three unlawful and improper things for a

heathen priest), pergebat ad idola. quod aspiciens vulgus aesti-

mabat eum insanire. nee distulit ille. mox ut appropinquabat ad

fanum, profanare illud, injecta in eo lancea quam tenebat, multum-

que gavisus de agnitione veri Dei cultus, jussit sociis destruere ac

succendere fanum cum omnibus septis suis. ostenditur autem locus

ille quondam idolorum non longe ab Eboraco ad orientem ultra

amuem Dorowentionem et vocatur hodie Godmundinga ham, ubi

pontifex ipse, inspirante Deo vero, polluit ac destruxit eas, quas

ipse sacraverat, aras.^

Vita S. Bertuffi Bobbiensis (t 640) in Acta Bened. sec. 2, p.

164 : Ad quandam viUam Iriae fluvio adjacentem accessit, ubi

fanum quoddam ariorihus consitum videns allatum ignem ei admovit,

congestis in modum pirae lignis. Id vero cernentes fani cultores

Meroveum apprehensum diuque fustibus caesum et ictibus . con-

tusum in fiuvium iUud demergere conantur.—The Iria runs into

the Po ; the event occurs among Lombards.

Walafridi Strabonis vita S. GaUi

(f 640) in actis Bened. sec. 2

p. 219, 220 :

Venerunt (S. Columbanus et Gallus) infra partes

Alemanniae ad fiuvium, qui Lindimacus vocatur, juxta quem ad

superiora tendentes pervenerunt Turicinum. cumque per littus

ambulantes venissent ad caput lacus ipsius, in locum qui Tucconia

dicitur, placuit Hlis loci qualitas ad inhabitandum. porro homines

iThe A.S. translation renders arae hj wigbed (see p. 67), fana by heargas,

idola by deofolgild, septa once by hegas (hedges), and the other time by getymbro.
The spear hurled at the hearg gave the signal for its demolition.

BUILDINGS.

83

ibidem commanentes crudeles erant et inipii, simulacra colentes,

idola sacrificiis venerantes, observantes aiiguria et divinationes et

multa quae contraria sunt cultui divino superstitiosa sectantes.

Sancti igitur homines cum coepissent inter illos liabitare, docebant

eos adorare Patrem et Filium et Spiritum sanctum, et custodire

fidei veritatem. Beatus quoque Gallus sancti viri discipulus zelo

pietatis armatus fana, in quibus dacmoniis sacrificahant, igni suc-

cendit et quaecumque invenit oblata demersit in lacum.—Here

follows an important passage which will be quoted further on ; it

says expressly : cumque ejusdem templi solemnitas ageretur.

Jonae Bobbiensis vita S. Colunibani

(-f- 615) cap. 17. in act.

Bened. 2, 12. 13 : Cumque jam multorum monachorum societate

densaretur, coepit cogitare, ut potiorem locum in eadem eremo

{i.e. Vosago saltu) quaereret, quo monasterium construeret. in-

venitque castrum firmissimo munimine olim fuisse cultum, a supra

dicto loco distans plus minus octo niillibus, quem prisca tempora

Luxovium nuncuj^abant, ibique aquae calidae cultu eximio constru-

ctae habebantur. ibi imaginum lapidearum densitas vicina saltus

densabat,^ quas ctdfu miserahili rihique profano vetusta Paganorutii

tempora honorabant.—This Burgundian place then (Luxeuil in

Frauche Comte, near Vesoul) contained old Eoman thermae

adorned with statues. Had the Burcfundian settlers connected

their own worship with these ? The same castrum is spoken of

in the

Vita S. Agili Eesbacensis

(f 650), in Acta Ben. sec. 2, p. 317 :
Castrum namque intra vasta eremi septa, quae Vosagus dicitur,

iwoxoXj fanaticorum cnltui olim dedicatum, sed tunc ad solum usque

dirutum, quod hujus saltus incolae, quamquam ignoto praesagio,

Luxovium [qu. lux ovium ?] nominavere. A church is then built

on the heathen site : ut, ubi olim prophano ritu veteres cohicrunt

fana, ibi Christi figerentur arae et erigerentur vexilla, habitaculum

Deo militautium, quo adversus aerias potestates dimicareut superni

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