PROPERTIES OF EXPONENTS

ZERO EXPONENTS
Anything raised to the power of zero is 1. In general: Example: 70 =1 a 0 =1 a ≠0

PRODUCT OF POWERS OF THE SAME BASE
To multiply two powers having the same base, add the exponents. In general, for all real numbers a, b, and c, Example:

a b · a c= a( b+ b)

2 3 · 2 5= 2(3 +5)= 28 =256

QUOTIENT OF POWERS OF THE SAME BASE
When you divide two powers with the same base, you subtract the exponents. In other words, for all real numbers a, b, and c, where a ≠ 0, Example: 2 5 · 2 3= 2(5 −3 )=2 2= 4 a b : a c =a (b −c)

POWER OF A PRODUCT – PRODUCT OF POWERS OF THE SAME EXPONENT
When you multiply two powers with the same exponent, but different bases, multiply the bases and raise the product to the power: a c ·b c =( a · b )c Example:
2 3 · 33 =( 2 · 3 )3 =63 =216

To find the power of a product, either find the power of each factor and then multiply or multiply the factors and raise the product to the power.

POWER OF A QUOTIENT – QUOTIENT OF POWERS OF THE SAME EXPONENT
When you divide two powers with the same exponent, but different bases, divide the bases and raise the quotient to the power: a c : bc =( a : b )c Example: 103 · 2 3=(10 : 2 )3 =53 =125

To find the power of a quotient, either find the power of each factor and then divide or divide the factors and raise the quotient to the power.

POWER OF A POWER
To find a power of a power, multiply the exponents. In general, for all real numbers a, b, and c, Example: ( 23 )2 =2( 3 · 2 )=2 6 =64 ( a b )c=a (b ·c)

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