Está en la página 1de 16

DISEO DE ZAPATAS AISLADAS BLOQUE B : EJE D-1

Y
Mx

ey

My

ex

CASO B

CASO A

ey

ex

ey
ex
t

t
L

CASO C

B
ey
s

ex
t
L

k=

r=

DATOS:
c
f
a
Df
E fp (m)
E p (m)

= 0.75
= 0.90
= 0.65
= 1.50
= 0.100
= 0.050

Columna: s (m)=
t (m)=

g cs(kg/m)=
g ca(kg/m)=
g t(kg/m) =
y(kg/cm) =
'c(kg/cm)=
S/C(kg/m)=

2000
2400
1600
4200
210
250

0.35
0.70

t(kg/cm)
F.S

h asum (m)= 0.500

Recub(cm) =
7.5
NPT (m) = 0.050
Ko (T/m) = 3000
.L
=
1.70
AsLn (") =
5/8

Cargas:

Pm

=
=

2.94
3

0.98

(t) =

36.21

Pv

(t) =

6.27

Mmx (tm)=
Mvx (tm)=
Psx
(t)=
Msx (tm)=

0.06
0.31
0.96
19.92

Mmy (tm)=
Mvy (tm)=
Psy
(t)=
Msy (tm)=

0.06
0.31
36.96
0.12

Espesor de relleno:
Er = 0.900 m
Esfuerzo neto
: nt =adm-S/C-gcs*(E p+E fp) - Er*gt - gca*hasum

6.610

T/m

Esfuerzo neto considerando sismo

:
nt =1,3adm-S/C-gcs*(E p+E fp) - Er*gt - gca*hasum =

9.550

T/m

Area tentativa:

A=(Pm+Pv)/nt =
L =
B =

6.43 m
2.72 m
2.37 m

L =
B =
ex=
ey=

3.35
2.60
0.000
0.000

Verificacin de flexin biaxial(sin sismo):

= (Pm+Pv)/B/L+6 (Mmx+Mvx)-(Pm+Pv)*e x /B/L+6 (Mmy+Mvy)-(Pm+Pv)*e y /B/L=
CONFORME
u1 =
7.834 T/m
P u1 =
65.60 T

5.050

Verificacin considerando sismo horario en x:

=(Pm+Pv+Psx)+6 (Mmx+Mvx+Msx)-(Pm+Pv+Psx)*e x +6 (Mmy+Mvy)-(Pm+Pv+Psx)*e y =
BL
BL
BL
CONFORME
u2 =
13.092 T/m
P u2 =
65.60 T

9.256

Verificacin considerando sismo antihorario en x:

=(Pm+Pv-Psx)+6 (Mmx+Mvx-Msx)-(Pm+Pv-Psx)*e x +6 (Mmy+Mvy)-(Pm+Pv-Psx)*e y =
BL
BL
BL
CONFORME
u3 =
12.552 T/m
P u3 =
65.60 T

8.885

Verificacin considerando sismo horario en y:

=(Pm+Pv+Psy)+6 (Mmx+Mvx)-(Pm+Pv+Psy)*e x +6 (Mmy+Mvy+Msy)-(Pm+Pv+Psy)*e y =
BL
BL
BL
CONFORME
u4 =
13.179 T/m
P u4 =
99.30 T

9.325

Verificacin considerando sismo antihorario en y:

=(Pm+Pv-Psy)+6 (Mmx+Mvx)-(Pm+Pv-Psy)*e x +6 (Mmy+Mvy-Msy)-(Pm+Pv-Psy)*e y =
BL
BL
BL
CONFORME
u5 =
2.490 T/m
P u5 =
65.60 T
u =
Pu=

Esfuerzo ltimo:

13.179
99.30

Menor dimensin de zapata:

Mayor dimensin de zapata:

0.774

T/m
T

2.60 m
3.35 m

1.- Peralte por punzonamiento:

c =Menor(2;Mayor(s/t;t/s))=

q=menor(1,1;0,53+1,1/c)=

2.000

a =k*r*(*q*(f'c)^(1/2)+u/4)
=
b=(r*t+k*s)(*q*(f'c)^(1/2)+u/2) =
c= -u*(B*L-t*s)
=
d=((b^2-4a*c)^(1/2)-b)/a/2
=

bo =r*t+k*s+k*r*d
Ao =(t+k*d/2)(s+r*d/2)
Vcp=q*bo*d*(f'c)^(1/2)
Vup=u*(At-Ao)
Vcp>Vup
d>u*(At-Ao)/(*q*bo*(f'c)^(1/2))

H1=

0.371

1.08
485.203
261.651
-111.558
0.28

X = 1.325
Y= 1.125

Vu/b =u*( Z-d)

Vc/b =0,53*d*f'c^(1/2)
*Vc/b>Vu/b

m
m

Z=

1.325 m
=

0.25

H>*L*(Ko*L/Ec)^(1/3) =

0.40

d=u*Z/(u+*(0,53*f'c^(1/2)))
H2=

0.337

3.- Peralte por rigidez:

Ec=15000*f'c^(1/2)
=(3/(L)^4)^(1/3)

=
=

2173706.51 T/m
0.711

H3=
H = 0.397 m
H = 0.500 m

0.397

DISEO DE ZAPATAS AISLADAS BLOQUE B : EJE D-1

Refuerzo a distribuir en el lado corto

(varillas en la direccion X)

Mu=u*B*X/2
=
Dimetro de varilla:1 (plg) =
d =H-recub-/2
=
a=d-(d-2Mu/(*0,85f'c*b))=

30.078
5/8
0.417
1.764

USAR : 10
De otra manera:
Refuerzo a distribuir en el lado largo

Tm

As min=0,0018*b*d
=
As1=0,85f'c*b*a/fy
=
As=mayor(Asmin;As1) =
@=*b*/As/4 =

m
cm
5/8 "
5/8 "

25.00

19.52
19.49
19.52
26.37

cm

(varillas en la direccion Y)

Mu=u*L*Y/2
=
Dimetro de varilla:2 (plg) =
d =H-recub-1-2/2
=
a=d-(d-2Mu/(*0,85f'c*b))=

27.938
5/8
0.401
1.316

Tm

As min=0,0018*b*d
=
As1=0,85f'c*b*a/fy
=
As=mayor(Asmin;As1) =

m
cm

24.19
18.73
24.19

El refuerzo debe ser distribuido en un ancho tanto central, como lateral:

Refuerzo central en un ancho: 2.60

As min=0,0018*b*d
Aso =2As/(L/b+1)

cm
cm

=
=

18.78
21.14

Refuerzo lateral en un ancho : 0.750

As min=0,0018(L-b)*d
= 5.42
Aso =As*(L-b) /(L+b)
= 3.05
Dimetro de varilla:3 (plg) = 5/8

cm
cm

Asc=mayor(Asmin;Aso) = 21.14
@=*b*/Asc/4 = 24.34

Asl=mayor(Asmin;Aso) = 5.42
@=*(L-b)*/Asl/4 = 27.41

USAR :
11

5/8 +

Verificacin de aplastamiento en la columna:

a*Pn= a*(0,85f'c)*s*t

'c de columna (kg/cm)=

284.26125 T
> Pu
NO SE REQUIEREN DOWELLS

1/2

5/8
210

0.98

2.94

Y
Mx

ey

My

ex

CASO B

CASO A

ey

ex

ey
ex
t

t
L

CASO C

B
ey
s

ex
t
L

k=

r=

DATOS:
c
f
a
Df
E fp (m)
E p (m)

= 0.75
= 0.90
= 0.65
= 1.50
= 0.100
= 0.050

Columna: s (m)=
t (m)=

g cs(kg/m)=
g ca(kg/m)=
g t(kg/m) =
y(kg/cm) =
'c(kg/cm)=
S/C(kg/m)=

2000
2400
1600
4200
210
250

0.35
0.70

t(kg/cm)
F.S

h asum (m)= 0.500

Recub(cm) =
7.5
NPT (m) = 0.050
Ko (T/m) = 3000
.L
=
1.70
AsLn (") =
5/8

Cargas:

Pm

=
=

2.94
3

0.98

(t) =

28.55

Pv

(t) =

6.03

Mmx (tm)=
Mvx (tm)=
Psx
(t)=
Msx (tm)=

0.95
0.37
27.80
16.48

Mmy (tm)=
Mvy (tm)=
Psy
(t)=
Msy (tm)=

0.95
0.37
38.90
0.06

Espesor de relleno:
Er = 0.900 m
Esfuerzo neto
: nt =adm-S/C-gcs*(E p+E fp) - Er*gt - gca*hasum

6.610

T/m

Esfuerzo neto considerando sismo

:
nt =1,3adm-S/C-gcs*(E p+E fp) - Er*gt - gca*hasum =

9.550

T/m

Area tentativa:

A=(Pm+Pv)/nt =
L =
B =

5.23 m
2.47 m
2.12 m

L =
B =
ex=
ey=

3.40
2.90
0.000
0.000

Verificacin de flexin biaxial(sin sismo):

= (Pm+Pv)/B/L+6 (Mmx+Mvx)-(Pm+Pv)*e x /B/L+6 (Mmy+Mvy)-(Pm+Pv)*e y /B/L=
CONFORME
u1 =
6.258 T/m
P u1 =
53.68 T

4.021

Verificacin considerando sismo horario en x:

=(Pm+Pv+Psx)+6 (Mmx+Mvx+Msx)-(Pm+Pv+Psx)*e x +6 (Mmy+Mvy)-(Pm+Pv+Psx)*e y =
BL
BL
BL
RECALCULAR
u2 =
13.468 T/m
P u2 =
77.98 T

9.789

Verificacin considerando sismo antihorario en x:

=(Pm+Pv-Psx)+6 (Mmx+Mvx-Msx)-(Pm+Pv-Psx)*e x +6 (Mmy+Mvy)-(Pm+Pv-Psx)*e y =
BL
BL
BL
CONFORME
u3 =
5.671 T/m
P u3 =
53.68 T

3.677

Verificacin considerando sismo horario en y:

=(Pm+Pv+Psy)+6 (Mmx+Mvx)-(Pm+Pv+Psy)*e x +6 (Mmy+Mvy+Msy)-(Pm+Pv+Psy)*e y =
BL
BL
BL
CONFORME
u4 =
11.205 T/m
P u4 =
91.85 T

7.979

Verificacin considerando sismo antihorario en y:

=(Pm+Pv-Psy)+6 (Mmx+Mvx)-(Pm+Pv-Psy)*e x +6 (Mmy+Mvy-Msy)-(Pm+Pv-Psy)*e y =
BL
BL
BL
CONFORME
u5 =
1.312 T/m
P u5 =
53.68 T
u =
Pu=

Esfuerzo ltimo:

13.468
77.98

Menor dimensin de zapata:

Mayor dimensin de zapata:

0.064

T/m
T

2.90 m
3.40 m

1.- Peralte por punzonamiento:

c =Menor(2;Mayor(s/t;t/s))=

q=menor(1,1;0,53+1,1/c)=

2.000

a =k*r*(*q*(f'c)^(1/2)+u/4)
=
b=(r*t+k*s)(*q*(f'c)^(1/2)+u/2) =
c= -u*(B*L-t*s)
=
d=((b^2-4a*c)^(1/2)-b)/a/2
=

bo =r*t+k*s+k*r*d
Ao =(t+k*d/2)(s+r*d/2)
Vcp=q*bo*d*(f'c)^(1/2)
Vup=u*(At-Ao)
Vcp>Vup
d>u*(At-Ao)/(*q*bo*(f'c)^(1/2))

H1=

0.404

1.08
485.493
261.955
-129.498
0.31

X = 1.350
Y= 1.275

Vu/b =u*( Z-d)

Vc/b =0,53*d*f'c^(1/2)
*Vc/b>Vu/b

m
m

Z=

1.350 m
=

0.25

H>*L*(Ko*L/Ec)^(1/3) =

0.40

d=u*Z/(u+*(0,53*f'c^(1/2)))
H2=

0.346

3.- Peralte por rigidez:

Ec=15000*f'c^(1/2)
=(3/(L)^4)^(1/3)

=
=

2173706.51 T/m
0.711

H3=
H = 0.405 m
H = 0.500 m

0.405

DISEO DE ZAPATAS AISLADAS BLOQUE B : EJE C-1

Refuerzo a distribuir en el lado corto

(varillas en la direccion X)

Mu=u*B*X/2
=
Dimetro de varilla:1 (plg) =
d =H-recub-/2
=
a=d-(d-2Mu/(*0,85f'c*b))=

35.592
5/8
0.417
1.874

USAR : 12
De otra manera:
Refuerzo a distribuir en el lado largo

Tm

As min=0,0018*b*d
=
As1=0,85f'c*b*a/fy
=
As=mayor(Asmin;As1) =
@=*b*/As/4 =

m
cm
5/8 "
5/8 "

25.00

21.77
23.10
23.10
24.85

cm

(varillas en la direccion Y)

Mu=u*L*Y/2
=
Dimetro de varilla:2 (plg) =
d =H-recub-1-2/2
=
a=d-(d-2Mu/(*0,85f'c*b))=

37.221
5/8
0.401
1.736

Tm

As min=0,0018*b*d
=
As1=0,85f'c*b*a/fy
=
As=mayor(Asmin;As1) =

m
cm

24.55
25.09
25.09

El refuerzo debe ser distribuido en un ancho tanto central, como lateral:

Refuerzo central en un ancho: 2.90

As min=0,0018*b*d
Aso =2As/(L/b+1)

cm
cm

=
=

20.94
23.10

Refuerzo lateral en un ancho : 0.500

As min=0,0018(L-b)*d
= 3.61
Aso =As*(L-b) /(L+b)
= 1.99
Dimetro de varilla:3 (plg) = 5/8

cm
cm

Asc=mayor(Asmin;Aso) = 23.10
@=*b*/Asc/4 = 24.85

Asl=mayor(Asmin;Aso) = 3.61
@=*(L-b)*/Asl/4 = 27.41

USAR :
12

5/8 +

Verificacin de aplastamiento en la columna:

a*Pn= a*(0,85f'c)*s*t

'c de columna (kg/cm)=

284.26125 T
> Pu
NO SE REQUIEREN DOWELLS

1/2

5/8
210

0.98

2.94