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`≥Å∞QÆ∞ =~°=‚ ∂Å

Telugu Alphabet

Telugu Learning Kit


Module 1

C P Brown Academy
The Alpha Foundation
Hyderabad
Telugu Alphabet Learning Kit Module-1
Transliterator: G Ramesh Babu
Managing Editor: GRK Murty
Consulting Editor: SS Prabhakar Rao
Editorial Support:
C Rama Devi, Y Anand
T Rajendra Prasad
Chief Visualizer: A Bangaru Babu
Visualizer: S Ganesh
Illustrations: B Anjaneyulu
@ 2008 C.P. Brown Academy. All Rights Reserved.
Although every care has been taken to avoid errors and omissions, this publication is being sold on
the condition and understanding that the information given in this book is merely for reference and
must not be taken as having authority of or binding in any way on the authors, editor, publisher or
sellers.
Neither this book nor any part of it may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming and recording or by any information
storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the copyright holder.
Trademark notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are
used only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe.
Only the publishers can export this book from India. Infringement of this condition of sale will lead to
civil and criminal prosecution.
First Edition: 2008
Printed in India
Published by

C P Brown Academy
The Alpha Foundation
8, Dwarakapuri Colony, Punjagutta
Hyderabad - 500 082, India.
Website: www.alphacharities.org

Printed at:
M/s. ICIT Software Centre Private Ltd.
1, Technocrat Industrial Estate
Balanagar Cross Roads
Hyderabad-500 037, India.
Foreword
-
The Module-1, “Telugu Varnamala”,
. is intended to help the Telugu
speakers, who cannot read/write Telugu, to pick up a reasonable level of
linguistic competence, through Roman script. The symbols used in this
book are intended to facilitate the transliteration template of the vowels,
consonants, gunintamulu
. and the vowel-consonant clusters, i.e., vottulu.

The relationship of the Roman character with the Telugu letter and its
pronunciation have been clearly explained with examples to aid phonetics.
For instance, the symbol ‘a’ stands for the Telugu letter ‘J’ that sounds
like ‘o’ as in the word ‘come’. Let us take another example. The symbol
‘c’ stands for the Telugu letter ‘K«’ that sounds like ‘ch’ as in the word
‘church’. The Module-1 is thus quite self-explanatory and is certain to
help those who desire to learn Telugu through the medium of English.
The workbook provided along with it is scientifically designed for practice
to help the learners pickup reading and writing of Telugu, satisfactorily.

We know that some of the alphabet and their sounds are difficult to
pronounce and quite a few are not in popular use. They do not even matter
in the acquisition of linguistic skills. However, we have included all the
Telugu letters irrespective of their usage in order to introduce them all to
the learners.

Enjoy!

SS Prabhakar Rao
`≥Å∞QÆ∞ =~°‚=∂Å
TELUGU ALPHABET
Vowels (JK«∞Å
Û ∞: Acculu)

* a a– i i
J P W D
come far bit feel


u u– ru
. ru
.
L T |∞∞ |∞∂
wood cool .rusi. root

.lu .lu– e e– ai

look
Z U S loop get stake mite

o o– au
X F B rotate oat out

am
. ah.
JO Jó some half

* ‘a’ stands for ‘J’ and sounds like ‘o’ as in ‘come’. The same pattern applies to all other vowels.
4
Consonants (ǨÏÅ∞¡Å∞ : Hallulu)
36 Characters
.
*
k kh g gh n
Hõ Y QÆ Ñ¶¨∞
silk -
khaki go ghost
V prajna
.

.c
Î Î c ch .j j

K« K« Kè« [
-
.capa church witch -
.jabili
[ jug

~
jh n
~°≠ & -
jhansi ~
sanjna

t. th
. d. dh
. n.
@ ~î° _» _è»
take
.
-
nilakantha
. bird - -
asadha
. .
} -
prana
.

t th d dh n
`« ^äŒ ^Œ ^èŒ
tabala thumb though -
dhoti
# nature

* ‘k’ stands for ‘Hõ’ and sounds like ‘k’ as in ‘silk’. The same pattern applies to all other consonants.
5
p ph b bh m
Ѩ Ѷ¨ | Éèí =∞
cup phone bat bharat month

y r l l.
Ü«∞ ~° Å à◊
young rust lump -- -
kalimata
.

v s´ s. s
= â◊ +¨ ã¨
levy ´-
sastry ship sun

h ksh r.
Ç¨Ï Hõ∆ é home raksha error

Semi-Vowels or Semi-Consonants
– –
( LÉèÜ
í ∂« Hõ~∆ åÅ∞:: Ubhayaksharalu)

(ã¨∞#fl = O – Sunna) (J~°ã∞¨ #fl = ñ – Arasunna) (qã¨~æ° = ó - Visarga)


Note: Five Telugu characters are not in general use.
Í Í
They are
.lu .lu-
K« [ |∞∂
-
.j ru
.c .
6
JK«∞ÛÅ∞ U q^èOŒ QÍ „"åÜ«∂e?
How to write Vowels?

a a

come far

i i

bit feel

u u

wood cool

ru
.

.rusi
.
ru–
.

root

7
-
e e

get stake

ai o

mite rotate

- au
o

oat out

am
.

some

ah.

half
8
ǨÏÅ∞¡Å∞ U q^èOŒ QÍ „"åÜ«∂e?
How to write Consonants?
k kh

silk –
khaki
g gh

go ghost
.
n

.
prajna
c ch

church witch
j jh

jug –
jhansi
~
n

~
sanjna

9
t. th
.


take nilakantha
.

d. dh
.

bird – –
asadha
. .
n.


prana
.
t th

tabala
thumb
d dh

though –
dhoti
n

nature
10
p ph

cup phone

b bh

bat
bharat
m

month
y r

young rust

l l.

lump – – –
kalimata
.
v s´


levy sastry
´

11
s.

ship

sun

home

ksh

raksha

.r

error

12
Symbols of Gunintamulu
.
Telugu Letter Roman Character Symbol How to write

J a

P –
a

W i


D i

L u

T u–

|∞∞ ru
.

|∞∂ ru
.

Z e

U e–

S ai

X o

F –
o

B au

JO am
.

Jó ah
.
13

.
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'Hõ— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ka-Gunintamu)
. 'Y— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (kha-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

H± { J ´ Hõ – ka Mò { J ´ Y – kha
– –
Hõ { P ´ HÍ – ka Y { P ´ MÏ – kha

Hõ { W ´ H˜ – ki Y { W ´ d – khi
– –
Hõ { D ´ H© – ki Y { D ´ v – khi

Hõ { L ´ ‰õΩ – ku Y { L ´ Y∞ – khu
– –
Hõ { T ´ ‰õÄ – ku Y { T ´ Y∂ – khu

Hõ { |∞∞ ´ Hõ$ – kru


. Y { |∞∞ ´ Y$ – khru
.
– –
Hõ { |∞∂ ´ Hõ$Ï – kru
. Y { |∞∂ ´ Y$Ï – khru
.
Hõ { Z ´ ÔH – ke Y { Z ´ Mˇ – khe
– –
Hõ { U ´ ˆH – ke Y { U ´ MË – khe

Hõ { S ´ ÔH· – kai Y { S ´ Mˇ· – khai

Hõ { X ´ H˘ – ko Y { X ´ MÁ – kho
– –
Hõ { F ´ HÀ – ko Y { F ´ M’ – kho

Hõ { B ´ H“ – kau Y { B ´ M∫ – khau

Hõ { JO ´ HõO – kam
. Y { JO ´ YO – kham
.
Hõ { Jó ´ Hõó – kah. Y { Jó ´ Yó – khah.
14
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞(Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'QÆ— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ga-Gunintamu)
. 'Ѷ∞¨ — QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (gha-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

Q∑ { J ´ QÆ – ga Ѷπ∞ { J ´ Ѷ¨∞ – gha


– –
QÆ { P ´ QÍ – ga Ѷ∞¨ { P ´ Ѷ∂¨ – gha

QÆ { W ´ y – gi Ѷ∞¨ { W ´ Ѷ∞≤ – ghi


– –
QÆ { D ´ w – gi Ѷ∞¨ { D ´ Ѷ∞‘ – ghi

QÆ { L ´ QÆ∞ – gu Ѷ∞¨ { L ´ Ñ¶Ú ¨ – ghu


– –
QÆ { T ´ QÆ∂ – gu Ѷ∞¨ { T ´ Ѷ¸
¨ – ghu

QÆ { |∞∞ ´ QÆ$ – gru


. Ѷ∞¨ { |∞∞ ´ Ѷ∞¨ $ – ghru
.
– –
QÆ { |∞∂ ´ QÆ$Ï – gru
. Ѷ∞¨ { |∞∂ ´ Ѷ∞¨ $Ï – ghru
.

QÆ { Z ´ ÔQ – ge Ѷ∞¨ { Z ´ ÃѶ∞ – ghe


– –
QÆ { U ´ ˆQ – ge Ѷ∞¨ { U ´ ¿Ñ¶∞ – ghe

QÆ { S ´ ÔQ· – gai Ѷ∞¨ { S ´ ÃѶ∞ÿ – ghai

QÆ { X ´ Q˘ – go Ѷ∞¨ { X ´ Ѷ∞¨ Á – gho


– –
QÆ { F ´ QÀ – go Ѷ∞¨ { F ´ Ѷ∞¨ ’ – gho

QÆ { B ´ Q“ – gau Ѷ∞¨ { B ´ Ѷ∞¨ ø – ghau

QÆ { JO ´ QÆO – gam
. Ѷ∞¨ { JO ´ Ѷ∞¨ O – gham
.

QÆ { Jó ´ QÆó – gah. Ѷ∞¨ { Jó ´ Ñ¶∞¨ ó – ghah.


15
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'K«— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ca-Gunintamu)
. 'Kè—« QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (cha-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

Kü { J ´ K« – ca Kèü { J ´ Kè« – cha


– –
K« { P ´ Kå – ca Kè« { P ´ Kèå – cha

K« { W ´ z – ci Kè« { W ´ zè – chi
– –
K« { D ´ p – ci Kè« { D ´ pè – chi

K« { L ´ K«∞ – cu Kè« { L ´ Kè∞« – chu


– –
K« { T ´ K«∂ – cu Kè« { T ´ Kè«∂ – chu

K« { |∞∞ ´ K«$ – cru


. Kè« { |∞∞ ´ Kè$« – chru
.
– –
K« { |∞∂ ´ K«$Ï – cru
. Kè« { |∞∂ ´ Kè$« Ï – chru
.

K« { Z ´ K≥ – ce Kè« { Z ´ Kè≥ – che


– –
K« { U ´ KÕ – ce Kè« { U ´ KèÕ – che

K« { S ´ K≥· – cai Kè« { S ´ Kè·≥ – chai

K« { X ´ K˘ – co Kè« { X ´ Kè˘ – cho


– –
K« { F ´ KÀ – co Kè« { F ´ KèÀ – cho

K« { B ´ KÒ – cau Kè« { B ´ KèÒ – chau

K« { JO ´ K«O – cam
. Kè« { JO ´ KèO« – cham
.
K« { Jó ´ K«ó – cah. Kè« { Jó ´ Kè«ó – chah.
16
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'[— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ja Gunintamu)
. '~°≠— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (jha Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

*ò { J ´ [ – ja ~ü≠ { J ´ ~°≠ – jha


– –
[ { P ´ *Ï – ja ~°≠ { P ´ ~°≠Ï – jha

[ { W ´ l – ji ~°≠ { W ´ i≠ – jhi
– –
[ { D ´ r – ji ~°≠ { D ´ s≠ – jhi

[ { L ´ A – ju ~°≠ { L ´ ~°≠∞ – jhu


– –
[ { T ´ E – ju ~°≠ { T ´ ~°≠∂– jhu

[ { |∞∞ ´ [$ – jru
. ~°≠ { |∞∞ ´ ~°≠$ – jhru
.
– –
[ { |∞∂ ´ [$Ï – jru
. ~°≠ { |∞∂ ´ ~°≠$Ï– jhru
.

[ { Z ´ *ˇ – je ~°≠ { Z ´ Ô~≠ – jhe


– –
[ { U ´ *Ë – je ~°≠ { U ´ ˆ~≠ – jhe

[ { S ´ *ˇ· – jai ~°≠ { S ´ ~Ô ≠ÿ – jhai

[ { X ´ *Á – jo ~°≠ { X ´ ~Ô ≠∞ – jho
– –
[ { F ´ *’ – jo ~°≠ { F ´ ~Ô ≠Ï – jho

[ { B ´ *∫ – jau ~°≠ { B ´ ~°≠ø – jhau

[ { JO ´ [O – jam
. ~°≠ { JO ´ ~°≠O– jham
.

[ { Jó ´ [ó – jah. ~°≠ { Jó ´ ~°≠ó – jhah.


17
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'@— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ta-Gunintamu)
. . '~î°— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (tha-Gunintamu)
. .
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

\ò { J ´ @ – ta
.
~îü { J ´ ~î° – tha
.
– –
@ { P ´ \Ï – ta
.
~î° { P ´ ~îå – tha
.

@ { W ´ \˜ – ti. ~î° { W ´ iî – thi


.
– –
@ { D ´ \© – ti. ~î° { D ´ sî – thi
.

@ { L ´ @∞ – .tu ~î° { L ´ ~î∞° – thu


.
– –
@ { T ´ @∂ – .tu ~î° { T ´ ~î∂° – thu
.

@ { |∞∞ ´ @$ – .tru
. ~î° { |∞∞ ´ ~î$° – thru
. .
– –
@ { |∞∂ ´ @$Ï – .tru
. ~î° { |∞∂ ´ ~î$° Ï – thru
. .

@ { Z ´ >ˇ – te
. ~î° { Z ´ ~Ô î – the
.
– –
@ { U ´ >Ë – te
. ~î° { U ´ ~ˆ î – the
.

@ { S ´ >ˇÿ – tai
. ~î° { S ´ ~Ô ·î – thai
.

@ { X ´ \Á – to
. ~î° { X ´ ~î˘ – tho
.
– –
@ { F ´ \’ – to
. ~î° { F ´ ~îÀ – tho
.

@ { B ´ \∫ – tau
. ~î° { B ´ ~î“ – thau
.

@ { JO ´ @O – tam
. . ~î° { JO ´ ~îO° – tham
. .

@ { Jó ´ @ó – tah
. . ~î° { Jó ´ ~î°ó – thah
. .
18
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'_»— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (da-Gunintamu)
. . '_è»— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (dha-Gunintamu)
. .
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

_£ { J ´ _» – da
.
_è£ { J ´ _è» – dha
.
– –
_» { P ´ _® – da
.
_è» { P ´ _è® – dha
.

_» { W ´ _ç – di
. _è» { W ´ _èç – dhi
.
– –
_» { D ´ _ô – di
.
_è» { D ´ _èô – dhi
.

_» { L ´ _»∞ – du
. _è» { L ´ _è∞» – dhu
.
– –
_» { T ´ _»∂ – du
. _è» { T ´ _è∂» – dhu
.

_» { |∞∞ ´ _»$ – dru


.. _è» { |∞∞ ´ _è$» – dhru
. .
– –
_» { |∞∂ ´ _»$Ï – dru
.. _è» { |∞∂ ´ _è$» Ï – dhru
. .

_» { Z ´ _≥ˇ – de
. _è» { Z ´ _è≥ – dhe
.
– –
_» { U ´ _Õ – de
.
_è» { U ´ _èÕ – dhe
.

_» { S ´ _≥ÿ – dai
. _è» { S ´ _è·≥ – dhai
.

_» { X ´ _˘ – do
. _è» { X ´ _è˘ – dho
.
– –
_» { F ´ _À – do
. _è» { F ´ _èÀ – dho
.

_» { B ´ _Ò – dau
. _è» { B ´ _èÒ – dhau
.

_» { JO ´ _»O – dam
. . _è» { JO ´ _èO» – dham
. .

_» { Jó ´ _»ó – dah
. . _è» { Jó ´ _è»ó – dhah
. .
19
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'}— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (na-Gunintamu)
. . '`«— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ta-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

}ü { J ´ } – na
. `ü { J ´ `« – ta
– –
} { P ´ }Ï – na
. `« { P ´ `å – ta

} { W ´ }˜ – ni
. `« { W ´ u – ti
– –
} { D ´ }© – ni
. `« { D ´ f – ti

} { L ´ }∞ – nu
. `« { L ´ `«∞ – tu
– –
} { T ´ }∂ – nu
. `« { T ´ `«∂ – tu

} { |∞∞ ´ }$ – nru
.. `« { |∞∞ ´ `«$ – tru
.
– –
} { |∞∂ ´ }$Ï – nru
.. `« { |∞∂ ´ `«$Ï – tru
.

} { Z ´ }ˇ – ne
. `« { Z ´ `≥ – te
– –
} { U ´ }Ë – ne
. `« { U ´ `Õ – te

} { S ´ }ˇÿ – nai
. `« { S ´ `≥· – tai

} { X ´ }˘ – no
. `« { X ´ `˘ – to
– –
} { F ´ }À – no
. `« { F ´ `À – to

} { B ´ }∫ – nau
. `« { B ´ `Ò – tau

} { JO ´ }O – nam
. . `« { JO ´ `«O – tam
.

} { Jó ´ }ó – nah
. . `« { Jó ´ `«ó – tah.
20
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'^䌗 QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (tha-Gunintamu)
. '^Œ— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (da-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

^ä£ { J ´ ^äŒ – tha ^£ { J ´ ^Œ – da


– –
^äŒ { P ´ ^ä• – tha ^Œ { P ´ ^• – da

^äŒ { W ´ kä – thi ^Œ { W ´ k – di
– –
^äŒ { D ´ nä – thi ^Œ { D ´ n – di

^äŒ { L ´ ^ä∞Œ – thu ^Œ { L ´ ^Œ∞ – du


– –
^äŒ { T ´ ^ä∂Œ – thu ^Œ { T ´ ^Œ∂ – du

^äŒ { |∞∞ ´ ^ä$Œ – thru


. ^Œ { |∞∞ ´ ^Œ$ – dru
.
– –
^äŒ { |∞∂ ´ ^ä$Œ Ï – thru
. ^Œ { |∞∂ ´ ^Œ$Ï – dru
.

^äŒ { Z ´ ^ä≥ – the ^Œ { Z ´ ^≥ – de


– –
^äŒ { U ´ ^äËÕ – the ^Œ { U ´ ^Õ – de

^äŒ { S ´ ^ä·≥ – thai ^Œ { S ´ ^≥· – dai

^äŒ { X ´ ^ä˘ – tho ^Œ { X ´ ^˘ – do


– –
^äŒ { F ´ ^äÀ – tho ^Œ { F ´ ^À – do

^äŒ { B ´ ^äÒ – thau ^Œ { B ´ ^Ò – dau

^äŒ { JO ´ ^äOŒ – tham


.
^Œ { JO ´ ^ŒO – dam
.

^äŒ { Jó ´ ^äŒó – thah. ^Œ { Jó ´ ^Œó – dah.


21
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'^茗 QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (dha-Gunintamu)
. '#— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (na-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

^è£ { J ´ ^èŒ – dha <£ { J ´ # – na


– –
^èŒ { P ´ ^è• – dha # { P ´ <å – na

^èŒ { W ´ kè – dhi # { W ´ x – ni
– –
^èŒ { D ´ nè – dhi # { D ´ h – ni

^èŒ { L ´ ^è∞Œ – dhu # { L ´ #∞ – nu


– –
^èŒ { T ´ ^è∂Œ – dhu # { T ´ #∂ – nu

^èŒ { |∞∞ ´ ^è$Œ – dhru


. # { |∞∞ ´ #$ – nru
.
– –
^èŒ { |∞∂ ´ ^è$Œ Ï – dhru
. # { |∞∂ ´ #$Ï – nru
.

^èŒ { Z ´ ^è≥ – dhe # { Z ´ <≥ – ne


– –
^èŒ { U ´ ^èÕ – dhe # { U ´ <ÕÕ – ne

^èŒ { S ´ ^è·≥ – dhai # { S ´ <≥· – nai

^èŒ { X ´ ^è˘ – dho # { X ´ <˘ – no

– –
^èŒ { F ´ ^èÀ – dho # { F ´ <À – no

^èŒ { B ´ ^èÒ – dhau # { B ´ <Ò – nau

^èŒ { JO ´ ^èOŒ – dham


.
# { JO ´ #O – nam
.

^èŒ { Jó ´ ^èŒó – dhah. # { Jó ´ #ó – nah.


22
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'Ѩ— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (pa-Gunintamu)
. 'Ѷ—¨ QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (pha-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

Ñπ { J ´ Ѩ – pa Ѷπ { J ´ Ѷ¨ – pha


– –
Ѩ { P ´ áê – pa Ѷ¨ { P ´ á¶ê – pha

Ѩ { W ´ Ñ≤ – pi Ѷ¨ { W ´ Ѷ≤ – phi


– –
Ѩ { D ´ Ñ‘ – pi Ѷ¨ { D ´ Ѷ‘ – phi

Ѩ { L ´ Ѩ٠– pu Ѷ¨ { L ´ Ѷ٨ – phu


– –
Ѩ { T ´ Ñ¨Ó – pu Ѷ¨ { T ´ ѶӨ – phu

Ѩ { |∞∞ ´ Ѩ$ – pru


. Ѷ¨ { |∞∞ ´ Ѷ$¨ – phru
.
– –
Ѩ { |∞∂ ´ Ѩ$Ï – pru
. Ѷ¨ { |∞∂ ´ Ѷ$¨ Ï – phru
.
Ѩ { Z ´ ÃÑ – pe Ѷ¨ { Z ´ ÃѶ – phe
– –
Ѩ { U ´ ¿Ñ – pe Ѷ¨ { U ´ ¿Ñ¶ – phe

Ѩ { S ´ ÃÑ· – pai Ѷ¨ { S ´ ÃѶ· – phai

Ѩ { X ´ á⁄ – po Ѷ¨ { X ´ á¶⁄ – pho


– –
Ѩ { F ´ áÈ – po Ѷ¨ { F ´ á¶È – pho

Ѩ { B ´ ᜠ– pau Ѷ¨ { B ´ ᶜ – phau

Ѩ { JO ´ ѨO – pam
. Ѷ¨ { JO ´ ѶO¨ – pham
.

Ѩ { Jó ´ Ñ¨ó – pah. Ѷ¨ { Jó ´ Ñ¶ó¨ – phah.


23
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'|— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ba-Gunintamu)
. 'Éè—í QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (bha-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

Éò { J ´ | – ba Éèò { J ´ Éèí – bha


– –
| { P ´ ÉÏ – ba Éèí { P ´ ÉèÏ – bha

| { W ´ a – bi Éèí { W ´ aè – bhi
– –
| { D ´ c – bi Éèí { D ´ cè – bhi

| { L ´ |∞ – bu Éèí { L ´ Éè∞í – bhu


– –
| { T ´ |∂ – bu Éèí { T ´ Éè∂í – bhu

| { |∞∞ ´ |$ – bru
. Éèí { |∞∞ ´ Éè$í – bhru
.
– –
| { |∞∂ ´ |$Ï – bru
. Éèí { |∞∂ ´ Éè$í Ï – bhru
.

| { Z ´ ɡ – be Éèí { Z ´ Éèˇ – bhe


– –
| { U ´ ÉË – be Éèí { U ´ ÉèË – bhe

| { S ´ ɡ· – bai Éèí { S ´ Éè·ˇ – bhai

| { X ´ ÉÁ – bo Éèí { X ´ ÉèÁ – bho


– –
| { F ´ É’ – bo Éèí { F ´ Éè’ – bho

| { B ´ É∫ – bau Éèí { B ´ Éè∫ – bhau

| { JO ´ |O – bam
. Éèí { JO ´ ÉèOí – bham
.

| { Jó ´ |ó – bah. Éèí { Jó ´ Éèóí – bhah.


24
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'=∞— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ma-Gunintamu)
. 'Ü«∞— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ya-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

"£∞ { J ´ =∞ – ma Üü∞ { J ´ Ü«∞ – ya


– –
=∞ { P ´ =∂ – ma Ü«∞ { P ´ Ü«∂ – ya

=∞ { W ´ q∞ – mi Ü«∞ { W ´ ~Ú – yi
– –
=∞ { D ´ g∞ – mi Ü«∞ { D ´ ~¸ – yi

=∞ { L ´ =Ú – mu Ü«∞ { L ´ Ü«Ú – yu
– –
=∞ { T ´ =¸ – mu Ü«∞ { T ´ Ü«¸– yu

=∞ { |∞∞ ´ =∞$ – mru


. Ü«∞ { |∞∞ ´ Ü«∞$ – yru
.
– –
=∞ { |∞∂ ´ =∞$Ï – mru
. Ü«∞ { |∞∂ ´ Ü«∞$Ï– yru
.

=∞ { Z ´ "≥∞ – me Ü«∞ { Z ´ Ü≥∞ – ye


– –
=∞ { U ´ "Õ∞ – me Ü«∞ { U ´ ÜÕ∞ – ye

=∞ { S ´ "≥∞ÿ – mai Ü«∞ { S ´ Ü≥∞ÿ – yai

=∞ { X ´ "≥Ú – mo Ü«∞ { X ´ Ü≥Ú – yo


– –
=∞ { F ´ "≥∂ – mo Ü«∞ { F ´ Ü≥∂ – yo

=∞ { B ´ =∞ø – mau Ü«∞ { B ´ Ü«∞ø – yau

=∞ { JO ´ =∞O – mam
. Ü«∞ { JO ´ Ü«∞O– yam
.

=∞ { Jó ´ =∞ó – mah. Ü«∞ { Jó ´ Ü«∞ó – yah.


25
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'~°— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ra-Gunintamu)
. 'Å— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (la-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

~ü { J ´ ~° – ra Öò { J ´ Å – la
– –
~° { P ´ ~å – ra Å { P ´ ÖÏ – la

~° { W ´ i – ri Å { W ´ e – li
– –
~° { D ´ s – ri Å { D ´ b – li

~° { L ´ ~°∞ – ru Å { L ´ Å∞ – lu
– –
~° { T ´ ~°∂ – ru Å { T ´ Å∂ – lu

~° { |∞∞ ´ ~°$ – rru


. Å { |∞∞ ´ Å$ – lru
.
– –
~° { |∞∂ ´ ~°$Ï – rru
. Å { |∞∂ ´ Å$Ï – lru
.
~° { Z ´ ~Ô – re Å { Z ´ Öˇ – le
– –
~° { U ´ ~ˆ – re Å { U ´ ÖË – le

~° { S ´ ~Ô · – rai Å { S ´ Öˇ· – lai

~° { X ´ ~˘ – ro Å { X ´ ÖÁ – lo
– –
~° { F ´ ~À – ro Å { F ´ Ö’ – lo

~° { B ´ ~“ – rau Å { B ´ Ö∫ – lau

~° { JO ´ ~°O – ram
. Å { JO ´ ÅO – lam
.
~° { Jó ´ ~°ó – rah. Å { Jó ´ Åó – lah
.
26
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'à◊— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (la-Gunintamu)
. . '=— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (va-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

àò { J ´ à◊ – .la "£ { J ´ = – va
– –
à◊ { P ´ àÏ – .la
= { P ´ "å – va

à◊ { W ´ o – .li
= { W ´ q – vi
– –
à◊ { D ´ m – .li = { D ´ g – vi

à◊ { L ´ à◊√ – .lu
= { L ´ =Ù – vu

– –
à◊ { T ´ à◊¥ – .lu
= { T ´ =Ó – vu

à◊ { |∞∞ ´ à◊$ – .lru


.
= { |∞∞ ´ =$ – vru
.
– –
à◊ { |∞∂ ´ à◊$Ï – .lru
. = { |∞∂ ´ =$Ï – vru
.

à◊ { Z ´ à‹ – .le = { Z ´ "≥ – ve

– –
à◊ { U ´ àı – .le = { U ´ "Õ – ve

à◊ { S ´ à‹· – .lai
= { S ´ "≥·‹ – vai

à◊ { X ´ àÁ – .lo
= { X ´ "˘ – vo

– –
à◊ { F ´ à’ – .lo
= { F ´ "À – vo

à◊ { B ´ à∫ – .lau
= { B ´ "Ò – vau

à◊ { JO ´ à◊O – .lam
. = { JO ´ =O – vam
.

à◊ { Jó ´ à◊ó – .lah.
= { Jó ´ =ó – vah.
27
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'â◊— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (sa-Gunintamu)
´
. '+¨— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (sa-Gunintamu)
. .
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

âò { J ´ â◊ – ´
sa +π { J ´ +¨ – sa
.
´–

â◊ { P ´ âß – sa +¨ { P ´ ëê – sa
.

â◊ { W ´ t – si´ +¨ { W ´ +≤ – si
.
– –
â◊ { D ´ j – si´ +¨ { D ´ +‘ – si
.

â◊ { L ´ â◊√ – ´
su +¨ { L ´ +¨µ – su
.
´–

â◊ { T ´ â◊¥ – su +¨ { T ´ +¨Ø – su
.

â◊ { |∞∞ ´ â◊$ – ´
sru
. +¨ { |∞∞ ´ +¨$ – sru
..

´–

â◊ { |∞∂ ´ â◊$Ï – sru
. +¨ { |∞∂ ´ +¨$Ï – sru
..

â◊ { Z ´ â‹ – ´
se +¨ { Z ´ Ã+ – se
.
´–

â◊ { U ´ âı – se +¨ { U ´ ¿+ – se
.

â◊ { S ´ â‹· – ´
sai +¨ { S ´ Ã+·· – sai
.

â◊ { X ´ âÁ – ´
so +¨ { X ´ ë⁄ – so
.

â◊ { F ´ â’ – ´–
so +¨ { F ´ ëÈ – so

.

â◊ { B ´ â∫ – ´
sau +¨ { B ´ ëœ – sau
.

â◊ { JO ´ â◊O – ´
sam.
+¨ { JO ´ +¨O – sam
. .

â◊ { Jó ´ â◊ó – ´
sah.
+¨ { Jó ´ +¨ó – sah
. .
28
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'㨗 QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (sa-Gunintamu)
. 'Ǩϗ QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ha-Gunintamu)
.
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

ãπ { J ´ 㨠– sa ÇπÏ { J ´ Ç¨Ï – ha

㨠{ P ´ ™ê – sa– Ç¨Ï { P ´ Ǩ – –


ha

㨠{ W ´ ã≤ – si Ç¨Ï { W ´ Ç≤Ï – hi
– –
㨠{ D ´ ã‘ – si Ç¨Ï { D ´ Ç‘Ï – hi

㨨 { L ´ ã¨∞ – su Ç¨Ï { L ´ Ç¨ï – hu

㨨 { T ´ ã¨∂ – su– Ç¨Ï { T ´ Ǩ˙ – –


hu

㨨 { |∞∞ ´ ã¨$ – sru


. Ç¨Ï { |∞∞ ´ ǨÏ$ – hru
.
– –
㨠{ |∞∂ ´ ã¨$Ï – sru
. Ç¨Ï { |∞∂ ´ ǨÏ$Ï – hru
.

㨠{ Z ´ Ãã – se Ç¨Ï { Z ´ ÃÇÏ – he

㨠{ U ´ ¿ã – se– Ç¨Ï { U ´ ¿ÇÏ – he

㨠{ S ´ Ãã· – sai Ç¨Ï { S ´ ÃÇ·Ï – hai

㨠{ X ´ ™⁄ – so Ç¨Ï { X ´ ǨÏ∏ – ho

㨠{ F ´ ™È – so– Ç¨Ï { F ´ Ǩϟ – –


ho

㨠{ B ´ ™œ – sau Ç¨Ï { B ´ ǨÏ∫ – hau

㨠{ JO ´ ã¨O –sam. Ç¨Ï { JO ´ ǨÏO – ham


.

㨠{ Jó ´ ã¨ó – sah. Ç¨Ï { Jó ´ Ç¨Ïó – hah.


29
QÆ∞}˜O`«=ÚÅ∞ (Gunintamulu)
.
Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)
'Hõ∆— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ksha-Gunintamu)
. 'é— QÆ∞}˜O`«=Ú (ra-Gunintamu)
. .
Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter

H∆± { J ´ Hõ∆ – ksha éü { J ´ é – .ra


– –
Hõ∆ { P ´ H∆Í – ksha é { P ´ éÏ – .ra

Hõ∆ { W ´ H˜∆ – kshi é { W ´ é˜ – .ri


– –
Hõ∆ { D ´ H©∆ – kshi é { D ´ é© – .ri

Hõ∆ { L ´ ‰õΩ∆ – kshu é { L ´ é∞ – ru


.
– –
Hõ∆ { T ´ ‰õ∆Ä – kshu é { T ´ é∂ – .ru

Hõ∆ { |∞∞ ´ Hõ$∆ – kshru


. é { |∞∞ ´ é$ – .rru
.
– –
Hõ∆ { |∞∂ ´ Hõ$∆ Ï – kshru
. é { |∞∂ ´ é$Ï – .rru
.

Hõ∆ { Z ´ ÔH∆ – kshe é { Z ´ éˇ – .re


– –
Hõ∆ { U ´ ˆH∆ – kshe é { U ´ éË – .re

Hõ∆ { S ´ ÔH∆ – kshai é { S ´ éˇÿ – .rai

Hõ∆ { X ´ H∆˘ – ksho é { X ´ é˘ – .ro


– –
Hõ∆ { F ´ H∆À – ksho é { F ´ é’ – .ro

Hõ∆ { B ´ H∆“ – kshau é { B ´ é∫ – .rau

Hõ∆ { JO ´ Hõ∆O – ksham


. é { JO ´ éO – ram
. .

Hõ∆ { Jó ´ Hõ∆ó – kshah. é { Jó ´ éó – .rah.


30
Symbols of Vottulu
k kh g gh
Hõ Y QÆ Ñ¶¨∞
¯ ö æ …
.
n c ch j
V K« Kè« [
V Û Ûù ˚
jh ~
n t. th
.
~°≠ & @ ~î°
~°≠ & ì ª
d. dh
. n. t
_» _è» } `«
¤ _è ‚ Î
th d dh n
^äŒ ^Œ ^èŒ #
÷ Ì ú fl
p ph b bh
Ѩ Ѷ¨ | Éèí
Ê Êù ƒ ƒù
m y r l
=∞ Ü«∞ ~° Å
‡ º „ ¡
.l v s´ s.
à◊ = â◊ +¨
§ fi ≈ ¬
s h ksha ra
.
ã¨ Ç¨Ï Hõ∆ é
û › ∆ ]
31
VOTTULU for “ka” consonant VOTTULU for “kha” consonant
'Hõ— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ 'Y— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞
Hõ¯ – kka Hõú – kdha Y¯ – khka Yú – khdha

Hõö – kkha Hõfl – kna Yö – khkha Yfl – khna

Hõæ – kga HõÊ – kpa Yæ – khga YÊ – khpa

Hõ… – kgha HõÊù – kpha Y… – khgha YÊù – khpha

HõÛ – kca Hõƒ – kba YÛ – khca Yƒ – khba

HõÛù – kcha Hõƒù – kbha YÛù – khcha Yƒù – khbha

Hõ˚ – kja Hõ‡ – kma Y˚ – khja Y‡ – khma


~°≠
– kjha Hõº – kya Y~°≠ – khjha Yº – khya

Hõì – kta
. „Hõ – kra Yì – khta
. „Y – khra

Hõª – ktha
. Hõ¡ – kla Yª – khtha
. Y¡ – khla

Hõ¤ – kda
. Hõ§ – kla
. Y¤ – khda
. Y§ – khla
.

Hõ – kdha
. Hõfi – kva Y – khdha
. Yfi – khva

Hõ‚ – kna
. Hõ≈ – ´
ksa Y‚ – khna
. Y≈ – ´
khsa

HõÎ – kta Hõ¬ – ksa


. YÎ – khta Y¬ – khsa
.

Hõ÷ – ktha Hõû – ksa Y÷ – khtha Yû – khsa

HõÌ – kda Hõ› – kha YÌ – khda Y› – khha


32
VOTTULU for “ga” consonant VOTTULU for “gha” consonant
'QÆõ— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ 'Ѷ¨∞— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
QƯ – gka QÆú – gdha Ѷ¨∞¯ – ghka Ѷ¨∞ú – ghdha

QÆö – gkha QÆfl – gna Ѷ¨∞ö – ghkha Ѷ¨∞fl – ghna

QÆæ – gga QÆÊ – gpa Ѷ¨∞æ – ghga Ѷ¨∞Ê – ghpa

QÆ… – ggha QÆÊù – gpha Ѷ¨∞… – ghgha Ѷ¨∞Êù – ghpha

QÆÛ – gca Qƃ – gba Ѷ¨∞Û – ghca Ѷ¨∞ƒ – ghba

QÆÛù – gcha Qƃù – gbha Ѷ¨∞Ûù – ghcha Ѷ¨∞ƒù – ghbha

QÆ˚ – gja QƇ – gma Ѷ¨∞˚ – ghja Ѷ¨∞‡ – ghma


~°≠
– gjha Qƺ – gya Ѷ~°≠¨∞ – ghjha Ѷ¨∞º – ghya

QÆì – gta
. „QÆ – gra Ѷ¨∞ì – ghta
. „Ѷ¨∞ – ghra

Qƪ – gtha
. QÆ¡ – gla Ѷ¨∞ª – ghtha
. Ѷ¨∞¡ – ghla

QƤ – gda
. QƧ – gla
. Ѷ¨∞¤ – ghda
. Ѷ¨∞§ – ghla
.

QÆ – gdha
. QÆfi – gva Ѷ¨∞ – ghdha
. Ѷ¨∞fi – ghva

QÆ‚ – gna
. QÆ≈ – ´
gsa Ѷ¨∞‚ – ghna
. Ѷ¨∞≈ – ´
ghsa

QÆÎ – gta QƬ – gsa


.
Ѷ¨∞Î – ghta Ѷ¨∞¬ – ghsa
.

QÆ÷ – gtha QÆû – gsa Ѷ¨∞÷ – ghtha Ѷ¨∞û – ghsa

QÆÌ – gda QÆ› – gha Ѷ¨∞Ì – ghda Ѷ¨∞› – ghha


33
VOTTULU for “ca” consonant VOTTULU for “cha” consonant
'K«— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ 'Kè«— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
K«¯ – cka K«ú – cdha K諯 – chka Kè«ú – chdha

K«ö – ckha K«fl – cna Kè«ö – chkha Kè«fl – chna

K«æ – cga K«Ê – cpa Kè«æ – chga Kè«Ê – chpa

K«… – cgha K«Êù – cpha Kè«… – chgha Kè«Êù – chpha

K«Û – cca K«ƒ – cba Kè«Û – chca K諃 – chba

K«Ûù – ccha K«ƒù – cbha Kè«Ûù – chcha K諃ù – chbha

K«˚ – cja K«‡ – cma Kè«˚ – chja K談 – chma

K«~°≠ – chjha K«º – cya Kè~°≠ « – chjha K諺 – chya

K«ì – cta
. „K« – cra Kè«ì – chta
. „Kè« – chra

Kǻ Рctha
. K«¡ – cla K諪 – chtha
. Kè«¡ – chla

K«¤ – cda
. KǤ Рcla
. K諤 – chda
. K諧 – chla
.

K« – cdha
. K«fi – cva Kè« – chdha
. Kè«fi – chva

K«‚ – chna
. K«≈ – ´
csa Kè«‚ – chna
. Kè«≈ – ´
chsa

K«Î – cta K«¬ – csa


. Kè«Î – chta K諬 – chsa
.

K«÷ – ctha K«û – csa Kè«÷ – chtha Kè«û – chsa

K«Ì – cda K«› – cha Kè«Ì – chda Kè«› – chha


34
VOTTULU for “ja” consonant VOTTULU for “jha” consonant
'[— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞ '~°≠— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞
[¯ – jka [ú – jdha ~°≠¯ – jhka ~°≠ú – jhdha

[ö – jkha [fl – jna ~°≠ö – jhkha ~°≠fl – jhna

[æ – jga [Ê – jpa ~°≠æ – jhga ~°≠Ê – jhpa

[… – jgha [Êù – jpha ~°≠… – jhgha ~°≠Êù – jhpha

[Û – jca [ƒ – jba ~°≠Û – jhca ~°≠ƒ – jhba

[Ûùù – jcha [ƒù – jbha ~°≠Ûù – jhcha ~°≠ƒù – jhbha

[˚ – jja [‡ – jma ~°≠˚ – jhja ~°≠‡ – jhma

[~°≠ – jjha [º – jya ~°~°≠≠ – jhjha ~°≠º – jhya

[ì – jta
. „[ – jra ~°≠ì – jhta
. „~°≠ – jhra

[ª – jtha
. [¡ – jla ~°≠ª – jhtha
. ~°≠¡ – jhla

[¤ – jda
. [§ – jla
. ~°≠¤ – jhda
. ~°≠§ – jhla
.

[ – jdha
. [fi – jva ~°≠ – jhdha
. ~°≠fi – jhva

[‚ – jna
. [≈ – ´
jsa ~°≠‚ – jhna
. ~°≠≈ – ´
jhsa

[Î – jta [¬ – jsa
. ~°≠Î – jhta ~°≠¬ – jhsa
.

[÷ – jtha [û – jsa ~°≠÷ – jhtha ~°≠û – jhsa

[Ì – jda [› – jha ~°≠Ì – jhda ~°≠› – jhha


35
VOTTULU for “ta”
. consonant VOTTULU for “tha”
. consonant
'@— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞ '~î°— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
@¯ – tka
. @ú – tdha
. ~î°¯ – .thka ~î°ú – thdha
.

@ö – .tkha @fl – .tna ~î°ö – .thkha ~î°fl – thna


.

@æ – tga
. @Ê – .tpa ~î°æ – .thga ~î°Ê – thpa
.

@… – .tgha @Êù – .tpha ~î°… – .thgha ~î°Êù – thpha


.

@Û – tca
. @ƒ – .tba ~î°Û – thca
. ~î°ƒ – thba
.

@Ûù – tcha
. @ƒù – tbha
. ~î°Ûù – thcha
. ~î°ƒù – thbha
.

@˚ – .tja @‡ – tma
. ~î°˚ – .thja ~î°‡ – thma
.

@
~°≠
– .tjha @º – .tya ~î°
~°≠
– thjha
. ~î°º – thya
.

@ì – .tta
. „@ – tra
. ~î°ì – thta
. . „~î° – thra
.

@ª – ttha
.. @¡ – .tla ~î°ª – .ththa
. ~î°¡ – thla
.

@¤ – tda
.. @§ – .tla
. ~î°¤ – .thda
. ~ – thla
..

@ – tdha
.. @fi – .tva ~î° – thdha
. . ~î°fi – thva
.

@‚ – tna
.. @≈ ´
– tsa
. ~î°‚ – thna
. . ~î°≈ . ´
– thsa

@Î – tta
. @¬ – tsa
.. ~î°Î – thta
. ~î°¬ – thsa
. .

@÷ – ttha
. @û – tsa
. ~î°÷ – ththa
. ~î°û – thsa
.

@Ì – tda
. @› – tha
. ~î°Ì – thda
. ~î°› – thha
.
36
VOTTULU for “da”
. consonant VOTTULU for “dha”
. consonant
'_»— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ '_è»— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
_»¯ – dka
.
_»ú – ddha
. _軯 – dhka
. _è»ú – dhdha
.

_»ö – dkha
.
_»fl – dna
. _è»ö – dhkha
.
_è»fl – dhna
.

_Ⱦ Рdga
.
_»Ê – dpa
. _è»æ – dhga
. _è»Ê – dhpa
.

_»… – dgha
.
_»Êù – dpha
. _è»… – dhgha
.
_è»Êù – dhpha
.

_»Û – dca
.
_»ƒ – dba
. _è»Û – dhca
.
_軃 – dhba
.

_»Ûù – dcha
.
_»ƒù – dbha
. _è»Ûù – dhcha
. _軃ù – dhbha
.

_»˚ – dja
.
_»‡ – dma
. _è»˚ – dhja
.
_軇 – dhma
.

_»~°≠ – djha
.
_ȼ Рdya
. _è~°≠ » – dhjha
.
_軺 – dhya
.

_ȓ Рdta
..
„_» – dra
. _è»ì – dhta
. .
„_è» – dhra
.

_Ȼ Рdtha
..
_»¡ – dla
. _軪 – dhtha
. . _軡 – dhla
.

_»¤ – dda
.. _Ȥ Рdla
.. _軤 – dhda
. .
_軧 – dhla
. .

_» – ddha
.. _»fi – dva
. _è»è – dhdha
. . _è»fi – dhva
.

_»‚ – dna
..
_»≈ .
´
– dsa _軂 – dhna
. . _è»≈ ´
– dhsa
.

_»Î – dta
.
_»¬ – dsa
.. _è»Î – dhta
. _軬 – dhsa
. .

_»÷ – dtha
.
_»û – dsa
. _è»÷ – dhtha
.
_è»û – dhsa
.

_»Ì – dda
.
_»› – dha
. _è»Ì – dhda
.
_è»› – dhha
.
37
VOTTULU for “ta” consonant VOTTULU for “tha” consonant
'`«»— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ '^äŒè»— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
`«¯ – tka `«ú – tdha ^䌯 – thka ^䌫ú – thdha

`«ö – tkha `«fl – tna ^äŒö – thkha ^䌫fl – thna

`«æ – tga `«Ê – tpa ^äŒæ – thga ^äŒÊ – thpa

`«… – tgha `«Êù – tpha ^䌅 – thgha ^䌫Êù – thpha

`«Û – tca `«ƒ – tba ^äŒÛ – thca ^䌃 – thba

`«Ûù – tcha `«ƒù – tbha ^äŒÛù – thcha ^䌃ù – thbha

`«˚ – tja `«‡ – tma ^äŒ˚ – thja ^䌇 – thma

`« – tjha `«º – tya ^ä~°≠ Œ – thjha ^䌺 – thya


~°≠

`«ì – tta „`« – tra ^äŒì – thta


. „^äŒ – thra
.

`«ª – ttha `«¡ – tla ^䌪 – ththa


. ^䌡 – thla
.

`«¤ – tda `««§ – tla


. ^䌤 – thda
. ^䌧 – thla
.
.

`« – tdha `«fi – tva ^äŒ – thdha


. ^äŒfi – thva
.

`«‚ – tna `«≈ – ´


tsa ^䌂 – thna
. ^äŒ≈ – ´
thsa
.

`«Î – tta `«¬ – tsa


.
^äŒÎ – thta ^䌬 – thsa
.

`«÷ – ttha `«û – tsa ^䌫÷ – ththa ^äŒû – thsa

`«Ì – tda `«› – tha ^äŒ«Ì – thda ^䌛 – thha


38
VOTTULU for “da” consonant VOTTULU for “dha” consonant
'^Œ«»— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ '^èŒè»— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
^Œ¯ – dka ^Œú – ddha ^茯 – dhka ^Œú – dhdha

^Œö – dkha ^Œfl – dna ^èŒö – dhkha ^èŒfl – dhna

^Œæ – dga ^ŒÊ – dpa ^èŒæ – dhga ^èŒÊ – dhpa

^Œ… – dgha ^ŒÊù – dpha ^茅 – dhgha ^èŒÊù – dhpha

^ŒÛ – dca ^Œƒ – dba ^èŒÛ – dhca ^范 – dhba

^ŒÛù – dcha ^Œƒù – dbha ^èŒÛù – dhcha ^范ù – dhbha

^Œ˚ – dja ^Œ‡ – dma ^èŒ˚ – dhja ^茇 – dhma

^Œ~°≠ – djha ^Œº – dya ^è~°≠ Œ – dhjha ^茺 – dhya

^Γ Рdta
. „^Œ – dra ^èŒì – dhta
. „^èŒ – dhra

^λ Рdtha
. ^Œ¡ – dla ^茪 – dhtha
. ^茡 – dhla

^Œ¤ – dda
. ^Œ«§ – dla
. ^茤 – dhda
.
^茧 – dhla
.

^ΠРddha
. ^Œfi – dva ^èŒ – dhdha
.
^èŒfi – dhva

^Œ‚ – dna
. ^Œ≈ – ´
dsa ^茂 – dhna
. ^èŒ≈ – ´
dhsa

^ŒÎ – dta ^Œ¬ – dsa


. ^èŒÎ – dhta ^茬 – dhsa
.

^Œ÷ – dtha ^Œû – dsa ^èŒ÷ – dhtha ^èŒû – dhsa

^ŒÌ – dda ^Œ› – dha ^èŒÌ – dhda ^茛 – dhha


39
VOTTULU for “na” consonant VOTTULU for “pa” consonant
'#— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞ 'Ѩ— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
#¯ – nka #ú – ndha Ѩ¯ – pka Ѩú – pdha

#ö – nkha #fl – nna Ѩö – pkha Ѩfl – pna

#æ – nga #Ê – npa Ñ¨æ – pga Ñ¨Ê – ppa

#… – ngha #Êù – npha Ѩ… – pgha ѨÊù – ppha

#Û – nca #ƒ – nba Ñ¨Û – pca Ѩƒ – pba

#Ûù – ncha #ƒù – nbha ѨÛù – pcha Ѩƒù – pbha

#˚ – nja #‡ – nma Ѩ˚ – pja Ѩ‡ – pma

#~°≠ – njha #º – nya Ѩ


~°≠
– pjha Ѩº – pya

#ì – nta
. „# – nra Ñ¨ì – pta
. ㄬ Рpra

#ª – ntha
. #¡ – nla Ѩª – ptha
. Ѩ¡ – pla

#¤ – nda
. #§ – nla
. Ѩ¤ – pda
. Ѩ§ – pla
.

# – ndha
. #fi – nva Ѩ – pdha
. Ѩfi – pva

#‚ – nna
. #≈ – ´
nsa Ѩ‚ – pna
. Ѩ≈ – ´
psa

#Î – nta #¬ – nsa
. ѨΠ– pta Ѩ¬ – psa
.

#÷ – ntha #û – nsa Ѩ÷ – ptha Ѩû – psa

#Ì – nda #› – nha Ñ¨Ì – pda Ѩ› – pha


40
VOTTULU for “pha” consonant VOTTULU for “ba” consonant
'Ѷ¨— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ '|— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞
Ѷ¨¯ – phka Ѷ¨ú – phdha |¯ – bka |ú – bdha

Ѷ¨ö – phkha Ѷ¨fl – phna |ö – bkha |fl – bna

Ѷ¨æ – phga Ѷ¨Ê – phpa |æ – bga |Ê – bpa

Ѷ¨… – phgha Ѷ¨Êù – phpha |… – bgha |Êù – bpha

Ѷ¨Û – phca Ѷ¨ƒ – phba |Û – bca |ƒ – bba

Ѷ¨Ûù – phcha Ѷ¨ƒù – phbha |Ûù – bcha |ƒù – bbha

Ѷ¨˚ – phja Ѷ¨‡ – phma |˚ – bja |‡ – bma

Ѷ¨ – phjha Ѷ¨º – phya |~°≠ – bjha |º – bya


~°≠

Ѷ¨ì – phta
. „Ѷ¨ – phra |ì – bta
. „| – bra

Ѷ¨ª – phtha
. Ѷ¨¡ – phla |ª – btha
. |¡ – bla

Ѷ¨¤ – phda
. Ѷ¨§ – phla
.
|¤ – bda
. |§ – bla
.

Ѷ¨ – phdha
. Ѷ¨fi – phva | – bdha
. |fi – bva

Ѷ¨‚ – phna
. Ѷ¨≈ – ´
phsa |‚ – bna
. |≈ – ´
bsa

Ѷ¨Î – phta Ѷ¨¬ – phsa


.
|Î – bta |¬ – bsa
.

Ѷ¨÷ – phtha Ѷ¨û – phsa |÷ – btha |û – bsa

Ѷ¨Ì – phda Ѷ¨› – phha |Ì – bda |› – bha


41
VOTTULU for “bha” consonant VOTTULU for “ma” consonant
'Éèí— Ç¨ÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ '=∞— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
Éèí¯ – bhka Éèíú – bhdha =∞¯ – mka =∞ú – mdha

Éèíö – bhkha Éèífl – bhna =∞ö – mkha =∞fl – mna

Éèíæ – bhga ÉèíÊ – bhpa =∞æ – mga =∞Ê – mpa

Éèí… – bhgha ÉèíÊù – bhpha =∞… – mgha =∞Êù – mpha

ÉèíÛ – bhca Éèíƒ – bhba =∞Û – mca =∞ƒ – mba

ÉèíÛù – bhcha Éèíƒù – bhbha =∞Ûù – mcha =∞ƒù – mbha

Éèí˚ – bhja Éèí‡ – bhma =∞˚ – mja =∞‡ – mma

Éè~°≠ í – bhjha Éèíº – bhya =∞


~°≠
– mjha =∞º – mya

Éèíì – bhta
. „Éèí – bhra =∞ì – mta
. „=∞ – mra

Éèíª – bhtha
. Éèí¡ – bhla =∞ª – mtha
. =∞¡ – mla

Éèí¤ – bhda
. Éèí§ – bhla
. =∞¤ – mda
. =∞§ – mla
.

Éèí – bhdha
. Éèífi – bhva =∞ – mdha
. =∞fi – mva

Éèí‚ – bhna
. Éèí≈ – ´
bhsa =∞‚ – mna
. =∞≈ – ´
msa

ÉèíÎ – bhta Éèí¬ – bhsa


. =∞Î – mta =∞¬ – msa
.

Éèí÷ – bhtha Éèíû – bhsa =∞÷ – mtha =∞û – msa

ÉèíÌ – bhda Éèí› – bhha =∞Ì – mda =∞› – mha


42
VOTTULU for “ya” consonant VOTTULU for “ra” consonant
'Ü«∞— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞ '~°— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
Ü«∞¯ – yka Ü«∞ú – ydha ~°¯ – rka ~°ú – rdha

Ü«∞ö – ykha Ü«∞fl – yna ~°ö – rkha ~°fl – rna

Ü«∞æ – yga Ü«∞Ê – ypa ~°æ – rga ~°Ê – rpa

Ü«∞… – ygha Ü«∞Êù – ypha ~°… – rgha ~°Êù – rpha

Ü«∞Û – yca Ü«∞ƒ – ypba ~°Û – rca ~°ƒ – rba

Ü«∞Ûù – ycha Ü«∞ƒù – ybha ~°Ûù – rcha ~°ƒù – rbha

Ü«∞˚ – yja Ü«∞‡ – yma ~°˚ – rja ~°‡ – rma

Ü«~°≠ ∞ – yjha Ü«∞º – yya ~°~°≠ – rjha ~°º – rya

Ü«∞ì – yta
. „Ü«∞ – yra ~°ì – rta
. „~° – rra

Ü«∞ª – ytha
. Ü«∞¡ – yla ~°ª – rtha
. ~°¡ – rla

Ü«∞¤ – yda
. Ü«∞§ – yla
. ~°¤ – rda
. ~°§ – rla
.

Ü«∞ – ydha
. Ü«∞fi – yva ~° – rdha
. ~°fi – rva

Ü«∞‚ – yna
. Ü«∞≈ – ´
ysa ~°‚ – rna
. ~°≈ – ´
rsa

Ü«∞Î – yta Ü«∞¬ – ysa


. ~°Î – rta ~°¬ – rsa
.

Ü«∞÷ – ytha Ü«∞û – ysa ~°÷ – rtha ~°û – rsa

Ü«∞Ì – yda Ü«∞› – yha ~°Ì – rda ~°› – rha


43
VOTTULU for “la” consonant VOTTULU for “la”
. consonant
'Å— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞ 'à◊— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
ů – lka Åú – ldha à◊¯ – .lka à◊ú – .ldha

Åö – lkha Åfl – lna à◊ö – .lkha à◊fl – .lna

Åæ – lga ÅÊ – lpa à◊æ – .lga à◊Ê – .lpa

Å… – lgha ÅÊù – lpha à◊… – .lgha à◊Êù – .lpha

ÅÛ – lca Ń – lba à◊Û – .lca à◊ƒ – .lba

ÅÛù – lcha Ńù – lbha à◊Ûù – .lcha à◊ƒù – .lbha

Å˚ – lja Ň – lma à◊˚ – .lja à◊‡ – .lma

Å
~°≠
– ljha ź – lya à◊
~°≠
– .ljha à◊º – .lya

Åì – lta
. „Å – lra à◊ì – .lta
. „à◊ – .lra

Ū – ltha
. Å¡ – lla à◊ª – .ltha
. à◊¡ – .lla

Ť – lda
. ŧ – lla
. à◊¤ – .lda
. à◊§ – .lla
.

Å – ldha
. Åfi – lva à◊ – .ldha
. à◊fi – .lva

Å‚ – lna
. Å≈ – ´
lsa à◊‚ – .lna
. à◊≈ ´
– .lsa

ÅÎ – lta Ŭ – lsa
.
à◊Î – .lta à◊¬ – .lsa
.

Å÷ – ltha Åû – lsa à◊÷ – .ltha à◊û – .lsa

ÅÌ – lda Å› – lha à◊Ì – .lda à◊› – .lha


44
VOTTULU for “va” consonant ´
VOTTULU for “sa” consonant
'=— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞ 'â◊— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰õΩ "˘`«∞ÎÅ∞
=¯ – vka =ú – vdha â◊¯ – ´
ska â◊ú – ´
sdha

=ö – vkha =fl – vna â◊ö – ´


skha â◊fl – ´
sna

=æ – vga =Ê – vpa â◊æ – ´


sga â◊Ê – ´
spa

=… – vgha =Êù – vpha â◊… – ´


sgha â◊Êù – ´
spha

=Û – vca =ƒ – vba â◊Û – ´


sca â◊ƒ – ´
sba

=Ûù – vcha =ƒù – vbha â◊Ûù – ´


scha â◊ƒù – ´
sbha

=˚ – vja =‡ – vma â◊˚ – ´


sja â◊‡ – ´
sma

=~°≠ – vjha =º – vya â◊


~°≠
– ´
sjha â◊º – ´
sya

=ì – vta
. „= – vra â◊ì ´
– sta
. „â◊ – ´
sra

=ª – vtha
. =¡ – vla â◊ª ´
– stha
. â◊¡ – ´
sla

=¤ – vda
. =§ – vla
. â◊¤ – ´
sda. â◊§ ´
– sla
.

= – vdha
. =fi – vva â◊ – ´
sdha
. â◊fi – ´
sva

=‚ – vna
. =≈ – ´
vsa â◊‚ – ´
sna
. â◊≈ – ´´
ssa

=Î – vta =¬ – vsa
. â◊Î – ´
sta â◊¬ – ´
ssa
.

=÷ – vtha =û – vsa â◊÷ – ´


stha â◊û – ´
ssa

=Ì – vda =› – vha â◊Ì – ´


sda â◊› – ´
sha
45
VOTTULU for “sa”
. consonant VOTTULU for “sa” consonant
'+¨— ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞ '㨗 ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞
+¨¯ – ska
. +¨ú – sdha
. 㨯 – ska ã¨ú – sdha

+¨ö – skha
. +¨fl – sna
. ã¨ö – skha ã¨fl – sna

+¨æ – sga
. +¨Ê – spa
. ã¨æ – sga ã¨Ê – spa

+¨… – sgha
. +¨Êù – spha
. 㨅 – sgha ã¨Êù – spha

+¨Û – sca
. +¨ƒ – sba
. ã¨Û – sca 㨃 – sba

+¨Ûù – scha
. +¨ƒù – sbha
. ã¨Ûù – scha 㨃ù – sbha

+¨˚ – sja
. +¨‡ – sma
. ã¨˚ – sja 㨇 – sma


~°≠
– sjha
. +¨º – sya
. ã¨~°≠ – sjha 㨺 – sya

+¨ì – .sta
. „+¨ – sra
. ã¨ì – sta
. ㋬ Рsra

+¨ª – stha
.. +¨¡ – sla
. 㨪 – stha
. 㨡 – sla

+¨¤ – sda
.. +¨§ – sla
.. 㨤 – sda
. 㨧 – sla
.

+¨ – sdha
.. +¨fi – sva
. 㨠– sdha
. ã¨fi – sva

+¨‚ – sna
.. +¨≈ .´
– ssa 㨂 – sna
. ã¨≈ – ´
ssa

+¨Î – sta
. +¨¬ – ssa
.. ã¨Î – sta 㨬 – ssa
.

+¨÷ – stha
. +¨û – ssa
. ã¨÷ – stha ã¨û – ssa

+¨Ì – sda
. +¨› – sha
. ã¨Ì – sda 㨛 – sha
46
VOTTULU for “ha” consonant
'Ǩϗ ǨÏÅ∞¡‰Ωõ "˘`«∞ÅÎ ∞
Ǩϯ – hka ǨÏì – hta
.
ǨÏú – hdha „Ç¨Ï – hra

ǨÏö – hkha ǨϪ – htha


.
ǨÏfl – hna Ǩϡ – hla

ǨÏæ – hga ǨϤ – hda


.
ǨÏÊ – hpa Ǩϧ – hla
.

Ǩυ – hgha Ç¨Ï – hdha


.
ǨÏÊù – hpha ǨÏfi – hva

ǨÏÛ – hca Ǩς – hna


.
Ǩσ – hba ǨÏ≈ – ´
hsa

ǨÏÛù – hcha ǨÏÎ – hta Ǩσù – hbha ǨϬ – hsa


.

ǨÏ˚ – hja ǨÏ÷ – htha Ǩχ – hma ǨÏû – hsa

Ǩ~°≠Ï – hjha ǨÏÌ – hda ǨϺ – hya Ǩϛ – hha

QÆ=∞xHõ
V,&,}, Hõ,∆ é – D JHõ~∆ åÅ "˘`«∞Å
Î ∞ Z‰õΩ¯=QÍ "å_»∞HõÖ’ ÖË=Ù
HÍ|\ì̃ g\˜H˜ ã¨O|OkèOz# kfi`åfiHõ~∆ åÅ#∞ W=fiÖË^∞Œ .
NOTE
The vowel- consonant clusters for the Telugu letters viz.,
. ~
n, n, n,
. ksha, r. are not given since they are not
in much usage.

47
Just try for yourself!

Write all the Vowels in Series


J – JO

Write all the Consonants in Series

Hõ – é

Write Gunintamulu
. for ha (ǨÏ)

Write Vottulu for bh (Éè)í

48