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Letters of Mahatma Gandhi

Letters of Mahatma Gandhi

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Publicado porcheedikrishna

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Published by: cheedikrishna on Jul 16, 2009
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From Madhopur centre in Bihar comes the news that in ten
villages nineteen persons have had their yarn woven into khadi
measuring 1661

2 yards for personal use and that 82 persons in 22
villages had their yarn exchanged for khadi measuring 709 yards.
This is good news.

Good news of distribution of seeds and sowing them for
growing cotton for self-spinning comes from Payyanur and Nileshwar
in Malabar. When cotton-growing for self-spinning becomes universal



in the country, people can have their khadi for the mere labour spent
upon it during leisure hours if the home growers of cotton will learn
all the processes as they do in Assam for silk in many homes. Silk
connot be universalized. Cotton can and almost was at one time. This
method means a most substantial addition to the national income and
a perfect scheme of employment for the millions of the partially
unemployed in this country.
Though the proposition is thus simple to state, it is undoubtedly
very difficult to work. But it is in no way impossible. It needs no great
outlay of capital. The processes to be learnt are simple, the tools
required are all ready in the villages or can be quickly made. The
greatest stumbling block is the disinclination of the people to work at
new things and to exert intelligence. Generations of enforced idleness
and consequent starvation have led to loss of hope, stamina and even
the will to live. No greater calamity can befall a people than that they
should lose hope even to the extent of the will to live. But those who
have not lost hope have to work with greater zeal than ever before with
an unquenchable faith in their mission. Their faith will certainly
overcomemountains. In this glorious country, where sufficient food
and clothing can be produced without much labour and skill, there
need never be any loss of hope.
But hope has to be translated into progressive action based on
ever-increasing knowledge of the science of khadi. Workers have to
respond to the lead that the Centre may give from time to time, and
they have also to anticipate the objections of the villagers whom they
have to serve. For that purpose they have to come into closest touch
and trust. They may never appear before the villagers as patrons but
they should appear as voluntary servants who have hitherto neglected
their trust. Given a due fulfilment of this primary indispensable
condition, the rest will follow as night follows day.

Harijan, 24-8-1935

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