GENRE

Ada beberapa jenis teks yang perlu diketahui, diantaranya: Narrative, Recount, Procedure, Descriptive dan Report. I. Narrative Teks narrative adalah teks yang menceritakan sesuatu yang imajinatif atau khayalan dengan tujuan untuk menghibur pembaca (to entertain the readers). Ciri - ciri teks narrative: • • • • • • • • Biasanya berbentuk cerita atau dongeng. Terdapat permasalahan dan langkah yang diambil untuk memecahkan masalah itu. Contoh: tale (dongeng), folktale (cerita rakyat), legend (legenda), dan fable. Menggunakan Simple past tense Orientation: Pendahuluan yang berupa pengenalan tokoh, tempat, waktu (who, when, where). Complication: Pemunculan masalah Resolution: Pemecahan / penyelesaian masalah Reorientation: Penutup berisi ungkapan yang menunjukkan bahwa cerita sudah berakhir. *Reorientation bersifat optional (boleh ada, boleh tidak). Text I Long, long time ago, there lived a beautiful girl named Cinderella. Because her parents passed away, she lived with her step mother and step sister. Cinderella was very sad everyday because she had to do the house work alone. One day, the king wanted to find the wife for his son. He invited all the beautiful girls to come. Cinderella was very sad because her step sister did not let her go. Her sister went to the palace without Cinderella. Luckily, The Angel came and helped Cinderella danced with the prince. He felt in love with her; then he married her. They lived happily ever after.

Generic structure (susunan teks)

Orientation

Complication

Resolution

Questions 1. With whom did Cinderella lived? a. Her father b. Her mother a. her mother b. her step mother 3. What story is this a. Recount c. Procedure c. Her mother and sister d. Her step mother and step sister c. the angel d. the prince

2. Cinderella could go to the palace because of the help from….

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from their house by taxi. where. The trip was tiring. To Ancol b. What place did they visist in Ancol? a. Narrative a. To Rahmat’s house c. Description b. but Rahmat and his girl friend enjoyed the trip very much. Ciri – ciri teks recount: • • Menggunakan simple past tense Goal/ tujuan: to retell (menceritakan peristiwa) yang telah terjadi pada seseorang Generic Structure: • • • Orientation: Pengenalan pelaku. retell d. Gelanggang Samudra c. Report c. give the report d. They went to Ancol to see the Sea World. they bought Aqua and snacks at Indomaret. Istana Boneka d. To school d. when). Events: Rangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi pada tokoh. In Ancol. first they went to the Sea World. Narrative d. What kind of story is this? a. Dunia fantasi b. tempat terjadi. Recount c. They went at 9 a. At 4 o’clock.m. There were many kinda of fish they saw. they went home. Rahmat and his girl friend went to Ancol. dan kapan berlangsungnya (who. They were sometimes afraid of seeing very big fish. To Indomaret 1. Sea World 2. The communicative purpose is to… II. entertain the readers b. kejadian atau peristiwa seseorang. Procedure 2|Page . tell the procedure 4.b. Reorientation: Penutup yang biasanya diikuti komentar si pelaku tau tokoh tentang kejadian yang dialaminya. On the way. Text II Last month. Recount Teks recount bercerita mengenai pengalaman. Orientation Events Reorientation Questions: Where did Rahmat’s girl friend go last month? a.

Descriptive b. entertain b. to breathe d. to know how to cook rice 2. reorientation d. and I serve it to my guests.3. 1. steps c. procedure c. What is the purpose of the text? a. a. retell someone’s story c. I put rice in the pot that contains the water. How many steps are there to cook the rice? a. aim. the rice is ready. describe someone d. Procedure c. materials. First. 4 d. After that I cook the rice over a medium fire for about 15 minutes. event b. materials. to help mother b. Ciri – ciri teks procedure: • • • • Menggunakan kalimat perintah Aim/goal: Tujuan melakukan kegiatan. steps 3|Page . Procedure Teks procedure adalah teks yang bertujuan untuk menceritakan bagaimana membuat/melakukan sesuatu berdasarkan serangkaian langkah (steps). The organization of the text is… a. 5 3. Recount 4. biasanya berupa judul Materials: Bahan – bahan yang dibutuhkan Steps: Cara/langkah melakukan kegiatan ini Generic Structure Text III How to Cook Rice I make rice almost everyday. Finally. The last paragraph is…… a. to use the pot c. I put some water in a pot and then I put the pot on the fire. What kind of text is it? a. 3 c. Narrative d. 2 b. When it becomes hot. aim. The communicative purpose is to…. orientation 4. tell the procedure III.

1. Brownie is fluffy. Descriptive c. steps. tell something in general d. atau orang yang akan dideskripsikan. tempat. soft 4|Page . When I cuddle it. It is a dog. The synonim of fluffy is…. a. Descriptive Teks descriptive adalah jenis teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan seseorang. Description: Brownie is a chinese breed. small b. Brownie doesn’t like bones. tell something specifically c. Narrative d. steps. I t is small. materials d. the fur feels soft. big d. tempat. materials IV. Description: berisi ciri – ciri khusus yang dimiliki benda.b. and I call it brownie. Recount b. harsh c. a. fluffy. benda. What kinds of text is it? a. aim. Procedure 2. retell story b. Generic Structure: Text IV Identification: I have a pet. entertain the readers 3. aim. It has got thick brown fur. atau binatang secara spesifik. and cute. Ciri – ciri teks descriptive: • • • Menggunakan Simple present Identification: Pendahuluan tentang apa dan siapa yang kan dideskripsikan. The communicative purpose is to ….

It weighs about 800 kilograms. What kind of text is this? a. a brown bear c. a. so don’t ever try to wound the mother of the cub. Report Teks report adalah teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan binatang. a cub b. When it was born.V. 1. the brown bear can outfight a tiger. Tell the procedure d. 2. misalnya berbagai benda/fenomena alam. 3. Narrative c. a. Describe something specifically b. Ciri – ciri teks report: • • • • • Membahas tentang pengamatan hasil studi Menggunakan Simple present tense Goal/tujuan: menggambarkan participant apa adanya secara umum (general) General classification: Pengantar mengenai sesuatu/fenomena yang akan dibahas. but when it is angry. kualitas dan perilaku. The paw is very sharp so that it can kill if it hurts us. Amerika. sesuatu/ benda secara umum. Brownie will keep away from people. General classification c. Description: A grown brownie may be up to 10 feet tall. Narration The communicative purpose is …. Description d. a paw The first paragraph is …. Description and classification b. Retell the story c. a brownie d. Report b. Recount The child of the bear is called … a. dan sosial yang ada atau terjadi di lingkungan kita. 4. Describe something in general 5|Page . Generic Structure: Text V General classification: The largest meat –eating animal in the world is the brown bear that lives in Alaska. Descriptive d. it weighs only about a half kilo. buatan.. Description: Menerangkan sesuatu/fenomena yang dibahas meliputi bagian.

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