GENRE

Ada beberapa jenis teks yang perlu diketahui, diantaranya: Narrative, Recount, Procedure, Descriptive dan Report. I. Narrative Teks narrative adalah teks yang menceritakan sesuatu yang imajinatif atau khayalan dengan tujuan untuk menghibur pembaca (to entertain the readers). Ciri - ciri teks narrative: • • • • • • • • Biasanya berbentuk cerita atau dongeng. Terdapat permasalahan dan langkah yang diambil untuk memecahkan masalah itu. Contoh: tale (dongeng), folktale (cerita rakyat), legend (legenda), dan fable. Menggunakan Simple past tense Orientation: Pendahuluan yang berupa pengenalan tokoh, tempat, waktu (who, when, where). Complication: Pemunculan masalah Resolution: Pemecahan / penyelesaian masalah Reorientation: Penutup berisi ungkapan yang menunjukkan bahwa cerita sudah berakhir. *Reorientation bersifat optional (boleh ada, boleh tidak). Text I Long, long time ago, there lived a beautiful girl named Cinderella. Because her parents passed away, she lived with her step mother and step sister. Cinderella was very sad everyday because she had to do the house work alone. One day, the king wanted to find the wife for his son. He invited all the beautiful girls to come. Cinderella was very sad because her step sister did not let her go. Her sister went to the palace without Cinderella. Luckily, The Angel came and helped Cinderella danced with the prince. He felt in love with her; then he married her. They lived happily ever after.

Generic structure (susunan teks)

Orientation

Complication

Resolution

Questions 1. With whom did Cinderella lived? a. Her father b. Her mother a. her mother b. her step mother 3. What story is this a. Recount c. Procedure c. Her mother and sister d. Her step mother and step sister c. the angel d. the prince

2. Cinderella could go to the palace because of the help from….

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Orientation Events Reorientation Questions: Where did Rahmat’s girl friend go last month? a. they bought Aqua and snacks at Indomaret. entertain the readers b. Istana Boneka d. They were sometimes afraid of seeing very big fish. kejadian atau peristiwa seseorang. To Ancol b. To Rahmat’s house c. give the report d. What kind of story is this? a. There were many kinda of fish they saw. Reorientation: Penutup yang biasanya diikuti komentar si pelaku tau tokoh tentang kejadian yang dialaminya. To school d. What place did they visist in Ancol? a. tell the procedure 4. Events: Rangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi pada tokoh. They went to Ancol to see the Sea World. from their house by taxi. retell d. At 4 o’clock. Report c. first they went to the Sea World. Text II Last month. They went at 9 a. To Indomaret 1. Rahmat and his girl friend went to Ancol. but Rahmat and his girl friend enjoyed the trip very much. Gelanggang Samudra c. Narrative a. where. The communicative purpose is to… II.b. Narrative d. Procedure 2|Page . On the way. Sea World 2. Dunia fantasi b. In Ancol. Ciri – ciri teks recount: • • Menggunakan simple past tense Goal/ tujuan: to retell (menceritakan peristiwa) yang telah terjadi pada seseorang Generic Structure: • • • Orientation: Pengenalan pelaku. Recount c. The trip was tiring. tempat terjadi. when). dan kapan berlangsungnya (who.m. Recount Teks recount bercerita mengenai pengalaman. Description b. they went home.

3. I put some water in a pot and then I put the pot on the fire. materials. When it becomes hot. After that I cook the rice over a medium fire for about 15 minutes. Ciri – ciri teks procedure: • • • • Menggunakan kalimat perintah Aim/goal: Tujuan melakukan kegiatan. 1. to breathe d. describe someone d. entertain b. The organization of the text is… a. orientation 4. 3 c. retell someone’s story c. a. to know how to cook rice 2. Procedure c. to use the pot c. aim. and I serve it to my guests. 5 3. How many steps are there to cook the rice? a. reorientation d. tell the procedure III. First. event b. procedure c. Finally. the rice is ready. What kind of text is it? a. 2 b. Descriptive b. biasanya berupa judul Materials: Bahan – bahan yang dibutuhkan Steps: Cara/langkah melakukan kegiatan ini Generic Structure Text III How to Cook Rice I make rice almost everyday. steps 3|Page . steps c. to help mother b. Narrative d. What is the purpose of the text? a. I put rice in the pot that contains the water. The last paragraph is…… a. Procedure Teks procedure adalah teks yang bertujuan untuk menceritakan bagaimana membuat/melakukan sesuatu berdasarkan serangkaian langkah (steps). The communicative purpose is to…. aim. Recount 4. 4 d. materials.

I t is small. small b. big d. Description: Brownie is a chinese breed. Brownie is fluffy. fluffy. materials d. harsh c. It is a dog. atau orang yang akan dideskripsikan. Recount b. It has got thick brown fur. and I call it brownie. The synonim of fluffy is…. a. tell something specifically c. the fur feels soft. tell something in general d. Brownie doesn’t like bones. steps. benda. a. Procedure 2.b. Descriptive c. steps. materials IV. Description: berisi ciri – ciri khusus yang dimiliki benda. When I cuddle it. aim. Generic Structure: Text IV Identification: I have a pet. The communicative purpose is to …. and cute. tempat. tempat. What kinds of text is it? a. retell story b. Narrative d. soft 4|Page . Ciri – ciri teks descriptive: • • • Menggunakan Simple present Identification: Pendahuluan tentang apa dan siapa yang kan dideskripsikan. entertain the readers 3. aim. Descriptive Teks descriptive adalah jenis teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan seseorang. atau binatang secara spesifik. 1.

Descriptive d. Description: Menerangkan sesuatu/fenomena yang dibahas meliputi bagian. General classification c. Recount The child of the bear is called … a. Retell the story c. The paw is very sharp so that it can kill if it hurts us. a cub b. Description and classification b. Describe something specifically b.. Narration The communicative purpose is …. Ciri – ciri teks report: • • • • • Membahas tentang pengamatan hasil studi Menggunakan Simple present tense Goal/tujuan: menggambarkan participant apa adanya secara umum (general) General classification: Pengantar mengenai sesuatu/fenomena yang akan dibahas. Describe something in general 5|Page . Report Teks report adalah teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan binatang. so don’t ever try to wound the mother of the cub. When it was born. Generic Structure: Text V General classification: The largest meat –eating animal in the world is the brown bear that lives in Alaska. a paw The first paragraph is …. it weighs only about a half kilo. a. a. the brown bear can outfight a tiger. Description d. kualitas dan perilaku. 1. Brownie will keep away from people. dan sosial yang ada atau terjadi di lingkungan kita. a brownie d. Report b. but when it is angry. sesuatu/ benda secara umum. 2. Tell the procedure d. What kind of text is this? a. 3. a brown bear c.V. Narrative c. misalnya berbagai benda/fenomena alam. It weighs about 800 kilograms. Description: A grown brownie may be up to 10 feet tall. buatan. Amerika. 4.

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