GENRE

Ada beberapa jenis teks yang perlu diketahui, diantaranya: Narrative, Recount, Procedure, Descriptive dan Report. I. Narrative Teks narrative adalah teks yang menceritakan sesuatu yang imajinatif atau khayalan dengan tujuan untuk menghibur pembaca (to entertain the readers). Ciri - ciri teks narrative: • • • • • • • • Biasanya berbentuk cerita atau dongeng. Terdapat permasalahan dan langkah yang diambil untuk memecahkan masalah itu. Contoh: tale (dongeng), folktale (cerita rakyat), legend (legenda), dan fable. Menggunakan Simple past tense Orientation: Pendahuluan yang berupa pengenalan tokoh, tempat, waktu (who, when, where). Complication: Pemunculan masalah Resolution: Pemecahan / penyelesaian masalah Reorientation: Penutup berisi ungkapan yang menunjukkan bahwa cerita sudah berakhir. *Reorientation bersifat optional (boleh ada, boleh tidak). Text I Long, long time ago, there lived a beautiful girl named Cinderella. Because her parents passed away, she lived with her step mother and step sister. Cinderella was very sad everyday because she had to do the house work alone. One day, the king wanted to find the wife for his son. He invited all the beautiful girls to come. Cinderella was very sad because her step sister did not let her go. Her sister went to the palace without Cinderella. Luckily, The Angel came and helped Cinderella danced with the prince. He felt in love with her; then he married her. They lived happily ever after.

Generic structure (susunan teks)

Orientation

Complication

Resolution

Questions 1. With whom did Cinderella lived? a. Her father b. Her mother a. her mother b. her step mother 3. What story is this a. Recount c. Procedure c. Her mother and sister d. Her step mother and step sister c. the angel d. the prince

2. Cinderella could go to the palace because of the help from….

1|Page

Recount c. Sea World 2. To Indomaret 1. Ciri – ciri teks recount: • • Menggunakan simple past tense Goal/ tujuan: to retell (menceritakan peristiwa) yang telah terjadi pada seseorang Generic Structure: • • • Orientation: Pengenalan pelaku. give the report d. where. Reorientation: Penutup yang biasanya diikuti komentar si pelaku tau tokoh tentang kejadian yang dialaminya. first they went to the Sea World. They were sometimes afraid of seeing very big fish. dan kapan berlangsungnya (who. The trip was tiring. Description b. In Ancol. retell d. At 4 o’clock. Text II Last month.b. Report c. Dunia fantasi b. Narrative d. Recount Teks recount bercerita mengenai pengalaman. What place did they visist in Ancol? a. The communicative purpose is to… II. Orientation Events Reorientation Questions: Where did Rahmat’s girl friend go last month? a. tell the procedure 4. Rahmat and his girl friend went to Ancol. entertain the readers b. On the way. Procedure 2|Page . kejadian atau peristiwa seseorang. when). They went to Ancol to see the Sea World. To Rahmat’s house c. Events: Rangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi pada tokoh. but Rahmat and his girl friend enjoyed the trip very much. What kind of story is this? a. Gelanggang Samudra c. from their house by taxi. tempat terjadi. They went at 9 a. they went home. There were many kinda of fish they saw. Narrative a.m. To Ancol b. they bought Aqua and snacks at Indomaret. To school d. Istana Boneka d.

What kind of text is it? a. The last paragraph is…… a. Ciri – ciri teks procedure: • • • • Menggunakan kalimat perintah Aim/goal: Tujuan melakukan kegiatan. to breathe d. aim. event b. 5 3. Narrative d. Finally. Descriptive b. to know how to cook rice 2. reorientation d. Recount 4. 2 b. the rice is ready. materials. a. steps c. 1.3. to use the pot c. describe someone d. The communicative purpose is to…. tell the procedure III. First. procedure c. Procedure Teks procedure adalah teks yang bertujuan untuk menceritakan bagaimana membuat/melakukan sesuatu berdasarkan serangkaian langkah (steps). 3 c. orientation 4. entertain b. After that I cook the rice over a medium fire for about 15 minutes. I put some water in a pot and then I put the pot on the fire. biasanya berupa judul Materials: Bahan – bahan yang dibutuhkan Steps: Cara/langkah melakukan kegiatan ini Generic Structure Text III How to Cook Rice I make rice almost everyday. What is the purpose of the text? a. and I serve it to my guests. When it becomes hot. to help mother b. Procedure c. aim. 4 d. steps 3|Page . I put rice in the pot that contains the water. The organization of the text is… a. retell someone’s story c. How many steps are there to cook the rice? a. materials.

atau binatang secara spesifik. tempat. and cute. aim. The synonim of fluffy is…. Descriptive Teks descriptive adalah jenis teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan seseorang. Generic Structure: Text IV Identification: I have a pet.b. Description: Brownie is a chinese breed. 1. harsh c. tell something specifically c. big d. Narrative d. tell something in general d. Brownie is fluffy. When I cuddle it. Brownie doesn’t like bones. a. atau orang yang akan dideskripsikan. small b. the fur feels soft. materials d. a. steps. Ciri – ciri teks descriptive: • • • Menggunakan Simple present Identification: Pendahuluan tentang apa dan siapa yang kan dideskripsikan. soft 4|Page . aim. entertain the readers 3. steps. fluffy. I t is small. What kinds of text is it? a. Procedure 2. and I call it brownie. materials IV. retell story b. Recount b. It has got thick brown fur. Descriptive c. tempat. The communicative purpose is to …. Description: berisi ciri – ciri khusus yang dimiliki benda. It is a dog. benda.

V. 3. It weighs about 800 kilograms. Narration The communicative purpose is …. buatan. Description: A grown brownie may be up to 10 feet tall. Narrative c. the brown bear can outfight a tiger. Brownie will keep away from people. sesuatu/ benda secara umum. but when it is angry. General classification c. Tell the procedure d. kualitas dan perilaku. it weighs only about a half kilo. Describe something specifically b. 1. Describe something in general 5|Page . misalnya berbagai benda/fenomena alam. so don’t ever try to wound the mother of the cub. Amerika. Report Teks report adalah teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan binatang. Retell the story c. a. a brownie d. Report b. Ciri – ciri teks report: • • • • • Membahas tentang pengamatan hasil studi Menggunakan Simple present tense Goal/tujuan: menggambarkan participant apa adanya secara umum (general) General classification: Pengantar mengenai sesuatu/fenomena yang akan dibahas. a. What kind of text is this? a. a cub b. Description d. dan sosial yang ada atau terjadi di lingkungan kita. When it was born. a brown bear c. Description: Menerangkan sesuatu/fenomena yang dibahas meliputi bagian. 4. The paw is very sharp so that it can kill if it hurts us. 2. Descriptive d. Description and classification b.. a paw The first paragraph is …. Recount The child of the bear is called … a. Generic Structure: Text V General classification: The largest meat –eating animal in the world is the brown bear that lives in Alaska.

6|Page .

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.