GENRE

Ada beberapa jenis teks yang perlu diketahui, diantaranya: Narrative, Recount, Procedure, Descriptive dan Report. I. Narrative Teks narrative adalah teks yang menceritakan sesuatu yang imajinatif atau khayalan dengan tujuan untuk menghibur pembaca (to entertain the readers). Ciri - ciri teks narrative: • • • • • • • • Biasanya berbentuk cerita atau dongeng. Terdapat permasalahan dan langkah yang diambil untuk memecahkan masalah itu. Contoh: tale (dongeng), folktale (cerita rakyat), legend (legenda), dan fable. Menggunakan Simple past tense Orientation: Pendahuluan yang berupa pengenalan tokoh, tempat, waktu (who, when, where). Complication: Pemunculan masalah Resolution: Pemecahan / penyelesaian masalah Reorientation: Penutup berisi ungkapan yang menunjukkan bahwa cerita sudah berakhir. *Reorientation bersifat optional (boleh ada, boleh tidak). Text I Long, long time ago, there lived a beautiful girl named Cinderella. Because her parents passed away, she lived with her step mother and step sister. Cinderella was very sad everyday because she had to do the house work alone. One day, the king wanted to find the wife for his son. He invited all the beautiful girls to come. Cinderella was very sad because her step sister did not let her go. Her sister went to the palace without Cinderella. Luckily, The Angel came and helped Cinderella danced with the prince. He felt in love with her; then he married her. They lived happily ever after.

Generic structure (susunan teks)

Orientation

Complication

Resolution

Questions 1. With whom did Cinderella lived? a. Her father b. Her mother a. her mother b. her step mother 3. What story is this a. Recount c. Procedure c. Her mother and sister d. Her step mother and step sister c. the angel d. the prince

2. Cinderella could go to the palace because of the help from….

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To school d. In Ancol.b.m. They went at 9 a. from their house by taxi. where. when). To Rahmat’s house c. There were many kinda of fish they saw. Sea World 2. Recount Teks recount bercerita mengenai pengalaman. Orientation Events Reorientation Questions: Where did Rahmat’s girl friend go last month? a. entertain the readers b. The trip was tiring. Narrative d. Ciri – ciri teks recount: • • Menggunakan simple past tense Goal/ tujuan: to retell (menceritakan peristiwa) yang telah terjadi pada seseorang Generic Structure: • • • Orientation: Pengenalan pelaku. tell the procedure 4. Events: Rangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi pada tokoh. The communicative purpose is to… II. first they went to the Sea World. Dunia fantasi b. Report c. On the way. At 4 o’clock. Description b. tempat terjadi. dan kapan berlangsungnya (who. Istana Boneka d. they went home. they bought Aqua and snacks at Indomaret. Reorientation: Penutup yang biasanya diikuti komentar si pelaku tau tokoh tentang kejadian yang dialaminya. Narrative a. What kind of story is this? a. They were sometimes afraid of seeing very big fish. retell d. Rahmat and his girl friend went to Ancol. What place did they visist in Ancol? a. They went to Ancol to see the Sea World. kejadian atau peristiwa seseorang. Procedure 2|Page . To Ancol b. give the report d. Recount c. but Rahmat and his girl friend enjoyed the trip very much. To Indomaret 1. Text II Last month. Gelanggang Samudra c.

aim. procedure c.3. materials. to help mother b. event b. Procedure c. What kind of text is it? a. Ciri – ciri teks procedure: • • • • Menggunakan kalimat perintah Aim/goal: Tujuan melakukan kegiatan. to use the pot c. to know how to cook rice 2. aim. I put rice in the pot that contains the water. and I serve it to my guests. reorientation d. materials. to breathe d. entertain b. What is the purpose of the text? a. 5 3. Recount 4. 1. Narrative d. orientation 4. retell someone’s story c. The last paragraph is…… a. the rice is ready. The organization of the text is… a. First. describe someone d. 3 c. 4 d. When it becomes hot. steps 3|Page . 2 b. Descriptive b. biasanya berupa judul Materials: Bahan – bahan yang dibutuhkan Steps: Cara/langkah melakukan kegiatan ini Generic Structure Text III How to Cook Rice I make rice almost everyday. How many steps are there to cook the rice? a. Procedure Teks procedure adalah teks yang bertujuan untuk menceritakan bagaimana membuat/melakukan sesuatu berdasarkan serangkaian langkah (steps). The communicative purpose is to…. tell the procedure III. After that I cook the rice over a medium fire for about 15 minutes. Finally. a. steps c. I put some water in a pot and then I put the pot on the fire.

The synonim of fluffy is…. benda. materials IV. When I cuddle it.b. Ciri – ciri teks descriptive: • • • Menggunakan Simple present Identification: Pendahuluan tentang apa dan siapa yang kan dideskripsikan. small b. Brownie is fluffy. a. retell story b. Generic Structure: Text IV Identification: I have a pet. materials d. 1. fluffy. Recount b. What kinds of text is it? a. a. Procedure 2. tempat. aim. It is a dog. Descriptive c. Description: Brownie is a chinese breed. Descriptive Teks descriptive adalah jenis teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan seseorang. The communicative purpose is to …. Description: berisi ciri – ciri khusus yang dimiliki benda. big d. It has got thick brown fur. atau binatang secara spesifik. aim. Narrative d. atau orang yang akan dideskripsikan. soft 4|Page . tempat. steps. I t is small. Brownie doesn’t like bones. the fur feels soft. and I call it brownie. entertain the readers 3. steps. harsh c. tell something in general d. and cute. tell something specifically c.

the brown bear can outfight a tiger. General classification c. Description d. 3. Descriptive d. Report Teks report adalah teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan binatang. Brownie will keep away from people. Description and classification b. When it was born. dan sosial yang ada atau terjadi di lingkungan kita. Narrative c. so don’t ever try to wound the mother of the cub. kualitas dan perilaku. Retell the story c. a. Describe something specifically b. a brownie d. Ciri – ciri teks report: • • • • • Membahas tentang pengamatan hasil studi Menggunakan Simple present tense Goal/tujuan: menggambarkan participant apa adanya secara umum (general) General classification: Pengantar mengenai sesuatu/fenomena yang akan dibahas. 1. a paw The first paragraph is …. a brown bear c. 4.V. Generic Structure: Text V General classification: The largest meat –eating animal in the world is the brown bear that lives in Alaska. but when it is angry. The paw is very sharp so that it can kill if it hurts us. Tell the procedure d. Description: A grown brownie may be up to 10 feet tall. it weighs only about a half kilo. Report b. misalnya berbagai benda/fenomena alam. It weighs about 800 kilograms. Recount The child of the bear is called … a. a cub b. buatan. sesuatu/ benda secara umum. 2. Amerika.. a. Narration The communicative purpose is …. Describe something in general 5|Page . What kind of text is this? a. Description: Menerangkan sesuatu/fenomena yang dibahas meliputi bagian.

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