GENRE

Ada beberapa jenis teks yang perlu diketahui, diantaranya: Narrative, Recount, Procedure, Descriptive dan Report. I. Narrative Teks narrative adalah teks yang menceritakan sesuatu yang imajinatif atau khayalan dengan tujuan untuk menghibur pembaca (to entertain the readers). Ciri - ciri teks narrative: • • • • • • • • Biasanya berbentuk cerita atau dongeng. Terdapat permasalahan dan langkah yang diambil untuk memecahkan masalah itu. Contoh: tale (dongeng), folktale (cerita rakyat), legend (legenda), dan fable. Menggunakan Simple past tense Orientation: Pendahuluan yang berupa pengenalan tokoh, tempat, waktu (who, when, where). Complication: Pemunculan masalah Resolution: Pemecahan / penyelesaian masalah Reorientation: Penutup berisi ungkapan yang menunjukkan bahwa cerita sudah berakhir. *Reorientation bersifat optional (boleh ada, boleh tidak). Text I Long, long time ago, there lived a beautiful girl named Cinderella. Because her parents passed away, she lived with her step mother and step sister. Cinderella was very sad everyday because she had to do the house work alone. One day, the king wanted to find the wife for his son. He invited all the beautiful girls to come. Cinderella was very sad because her step sister did not let her go. Her sister went to the palace without Cinderella. Luckily, The Angel came and helped Cinderella danced with the prince. He felt in love with her; then he married her. They lived happily ever after.

Generic structure (susunan teks)

Orientation

Complication

Resolution

Questions 1. With whom did Cinderella lived? a. Her father b. Her mother a. her mother b. her step mother 3. What story is this a. Recount c. Procedure c. Her mother and sister d. Her step mother and step sister c. the angel d. the prince

2. Cinderella could go to the palace because of the help from….

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b. first they went to the Sea World. Sea World 2. At 4 o’clock. Report c. They went to Ancol to see the Sea World. Recount Teks recount bercerita mengenai pengalaman. What kind of story is this? a. when). Gelanggang Samudra c. What place did they visist in Ancol? a. Text II Last month. Orientation Events Reorientation Questions: Where did Rahmat’s girl friend go last month? a. They were sometimes afraid of seeing very big fish. On the way. To Indomaret 1. Description b. entertain the readers b. Recount c. dan kapan berlangsungnya (who. Events: Rangkaian peristiwa yang terjadi pada tokoh. To school d. Reorientation: Penutup yang biasanya diikuti komentar si pelaku tau tokoh tentang kejadian yang dialaminya. Ciri – ciri teks recount: • • Menggunakan simple past tense Goal/ tujuan: to retell (menceritakan peristiwa) yang telah terjadi pada seseorang Generic Structure: • • • Orientation: Pengenalan pelaku. Istana Boneka d. Dunia fantasi b. retell d. To Ancol b. tempat terjadi. they bought Aqua and snacks at Indomaret. To Rahmat’s house c. They went at 9 a. Narrative d. they went home. where. kejadian atau peristiwa seseorang. Narrative a. Procedure 2|Page .m. There were many kinda of fish they saw. In Ancol. from their house by taxi. Rahmat and his girl friend went to Ancol. tell the procedure 4. give the report d. The trip was tiring. The communicative purpose is to… II. but Rahmat and his girl friend enjoyed the trip very much.

aim. and I serve it to my guests. Procedure Teks procedure adalah teks yang bertujuan untuk menceritakan bagaimana membuat/melakukan sesuatu berdasarkan serangkaian langkah (steps). entertain b. describe someone d. After that I cook the rice over a medium fire for about 15 minutes. steps c. reorientation d. the rice is ready. biasanya berupa judul Materials: Bahan – bahan yang dibutuhkan Steps: Cara/langkah melakukan kegiatan ini Generic Structure Text III How to Cook Rice I make rice almost everyday. materials. retell someone’s story c. to know how to cook rice 2. to use the pot c. I put some water in a pot and then I put the pot on the fire. Recount 4. The organization of the text is… a. How many steps are there to cook the rice? a. tell the procedure III. materials. What kind of text is it? a. 3 c. to help mother b. What is the purpose of the text? a. I put rice in the pot that contains the water. procedure c. 1. event b. 4 d. steps 3|Page . a. The communicative purpose is to…. 5 3. Descriptive b. orientation 4. When it becomes hot. aim. Ciri – ciri teks procedure: • • • • Menggunakan kalimat perintah Aim/goal: Tujuan melakukan kegiatan.3. 2 b. Narrative d. The last paragraph is…… a. Procedure c. to breathe d. Finally. First.

Procedure 2. Description: berisi ciri – ciri khusus yang dimiliki benda.b. materials d. tell something in general d. soft 4|Page . materials IV. tempat. Descriptive c. steps. a. steps. big d. tell something specifically c. harsh c. It has got thick brown fur. and I call it brownie. small b. Generic Structure: Text IV Identification: I have a pet. Brownie is fluffy. Ciri – ciri teks descriptive: • • • Menggunakan Simple present Identification: Pendahuluan tentang apa dan siapa yang kan dideskripsikan. The communicative purpose is to …. When I cuddle it. aim. entertain the readers 3. Descriptive Teks descriptive adalah jenis teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan seseorang. I t is small. Description: Brownie is a chinese breed. a. The synonim of fluffy is…. 1. Narrative d. What kinds of text is it? a. fluffy. Recount b. aim. retell story b. atau binatang secara spesifik. and cute. It is a dog. Brownie doesn’t like bones. benda. the fur feels soft. atau orang yang akan dideskripsikan. tempat.

sesuatu/ benda secara umum. 4. 2. a. General classification c. It weighs about 800 kilograms. Generic Structure: Text V General classification: The largest meat –eating animal in the world is the brown bear that lives in Alaska. Narration The communicative purpose is …. When it was born. Ciri – ciri teks report: • • • • • Membahas tentang pengamatan hasil studi Menggunakan Simple present tense Goal/tujuan: menggambarkan participant apa adanya secara umum (general) General classification: Pengantar mengenai sesuatu/fenomena yang akan dibahas. but when it is angry.. a. Retell the story c. Report b. Describe something specifically b. Recount The child of the bear is called … a. a brownie d. buatan. Description d. 1. The paw is very sharp so that it can kill if it hurts us. Description: Menerangkan sesuatu/fenomena yang dibahas meliputi bagian. kualitas dan perilaku. Report Teks report adalah teks yang digunakan untuk mendeskripsikan binatang. Narrative c. Tell the procedure d. a cub b. Descriptive d. the brown bear can outfight a tiger. Description and classification b. Describe something in general 5|Page . a brown bear c.V. 3. dan sosial yang ada atau terjadi di lingkungan kita. What kind of text is this? a. Brownie will keep away from people. it weighs only about a half kilo. so don’t ever try to wound the mother of the cub. Amerika. misalnya berbagai benda/fenomena alam. a paw The first paragraph is …. Description: A grown brownie may be up to 10 feet tall.

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