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DISEO DE ZAPATA AISLADA

DATOS NECESARIOS PARA EL DISEO:


PD =
26.67
PL =
4.68
S/C piso =
300
f'c =
210
fy =
4200
gm=
1.80
st=
1.51
hf =
1.65
N.P.T. =
0.15
N.T.N. =
0.00
Df =
1.50

N.P.T. 0.15 m
Tn
Tn
Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
Tn/m3
Kg/cm2
m
m
m
m

hf = 1.65m

DIMENSIONES DE LA COLUMNA :
n=
0.45
39.19 Tn
Ps = 1.25*(PD + PL)
f'c =
210 Kg/cm2
b*D = Ps/(n*f'c)
414.68 cm2
Usar :
t=
s=

20.36

20.36 cm

Area
0.60 m
0.40 m

2400

cm2

OK !!!

1.63

m2

ESFUERZO NETO DEL TERRENO :


s n = s t- gprom*hf - S/C
sn=
Azap = P/sn
Azap =
Para Cumplir lv1 = lv2
T=
S=
lv1 = lv2

11.83 Tn/m2
2.65 m2

1.63

1.73 m
1.53 m
0.56
0.56

CONFORME !!!

REACCION NETA DEL TERRENO:


WNU = Pu/AZAP
Pu = 1.4*PD+1.7*PL
WNU =

0.40

45.294 Tn
17.16 Tn/m2

DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ALTURA hz DE LA ZAPATA :


POR PUNZONAMIENTO:
Condicion de Diseo :
Vu/f = Vc
Vu/f = 1/f*(Pu-Wu(t+d)(s+d))

.. (1)

Bc = Dmayor/Dmenor
Bc =

1.50 < 2

Vc = 1.06*raiz(f'c)*bo*d
donde:
bo = 2(t+d)+2(s+d)
(1) = (2)
Ecuacion:

vc = 1.06*raiz(f'c)

.. (2)

570.16*d^2+293.66*d-41.18=0

a=
b=
c=

276.50

570.16
293.66
-41.18

d=

0.11 m

Usar h =
d=

0.60 m
0.51 m

X1 =
X2 =
OK !

VERIFICACION POR CORTANTE :


Vdu = (Wu*S)(lv-d)
Vdu =
1.52 Tn
Vn = Vdu/f
1.69 Tn
Vc = 0,53*RAIZ(f'c)*b*d
Vc =
59.37 Tn > Vn
DISEO POR FLEXION :
Mu =(Wu*S)*lv ^2 /2
Mu =
w = Mu/(f*f'c*b*d^2)
p = w*f'c/fy
As = p*b*d
Verificacion de As min :
As min = 0.0018*b*d
As min =
Usar :

0.11
-0.63

OK !

1.65
4.17 Tn-m
0.0056
0.0003
2.18 cm2

Usar: 13

13.91 cm2

Usar: 11

1/ 2
n=
s=
Usar: 11

EN DIRECCION TRANSVERSAL :
Ast = As*t/s
Ast =
Usar
Usar :

1/ 2

11 varillas
0.14 m
@ 0.14 m

15.73 cm2
1/ 2
n=
s=

Usar: 13

1/ 2

13 varillas
0.14 m
@ 0.14 m

LONGITUD DE DESARROLLO DEL REFUERZO :


Longitud disponible para cada barra :
Ld = lv-r
Ld =
0.489 m

1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
0
0

0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0.0000
0.0000

Usar: 11

Para barras en traccion :


N11
ld = 0.06*Ab*fy/raiz(f'c)
ld =

0.0057*db*fy
30 cm
49.56

0
0
0
0
0

0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000
0.0000

45.61 OK!!!
30.00 OK!!!

Como el espaciamiento es de 14 cm > 15 cm


lde = ld*ld = 0.80* ld
lde =
39.65 cm < Ld =

48.89 cm

TRANSFERENCIA DE FUERZA EN LA INTERFASE DE COLUMNA Y CIMENTACION


a. Resistencia al aplastamiento sobre la columna :
Pn = Pu/
Pn =
64.71 Tn
Resistencia al aplastamiento en la columna :
Pnb = 0.85*f'c*Ac
Pnb =
428.40 Tn
Pn < Pnb
Ok !!!
b. Resistencia al aplastamiento en el concreto de la cimentacion :
Pn =
64.71 Tn
Pnb = 0.85*f'c*Ao
Ao = raiz(A2/A1)*Acol 2*Acol
Xo =
1.15 m
A2 =
1.99 m2
Ao =
2.88 > 2
Usar Ao = 2*Ac
Pnb =
856.8 Tn > Pn
Ok !!!
DOWELLS ENTRE COLUMNA Y CIMENTACION:
Si : Pn Pnb
entonces : As min = 0,005 Ac ; con 4f como minimo
As min =
12.00 cm2

Ok!!!

N.P.T. 0.15 m
N.T.N. 0 m

Df =1.5 m

1.73

0.60
1.53

N.P.T. 0.15 m
N.T.N. 0 m

0.90

1/ 2

@ 0.14 m

0.60
N.F.Z. -1.5 m

1/ 2

@ 0.14 m

1/ 2

@ 0.14 m

1.73

Usar: 13

1.53

1/ 2

@ 0.14 m

Diametro
pulg.
6
1/ 4
8
3/ 8
12
1/ 2
5/ 8
3/ 4
7/ 8
1
1 1/ 8
1 1/ 4
1 3/ 8

m
0.006
0.006
0.008
0.010
0.012
0.013
0.016
0.019
0.022
0.025
0.029
0.032
0.035

Area

cm2

0.28
0.32
0.50
0.71
1.13
1.29
2.00
2.84
3.87
5.10
6.45
8.19
10.06

1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
1.29
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0.0127
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

DISEO DE ZAPATA CONECTADA


Obra :
Datos:
b x
C2:

0.25
0.25

st =
Df =
hf =
gprom =
S/C =
f'c =
f'y =

1.20
1.20
1.50
1.60
300
210
4200

C1:

t ( m2)

PD (Ton)

PL (Ton)

P1 (Ton)

0.40
0.40

20
40

7.5
21

27.50
61.00

kg/cm2
m
m
Ton/m3
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

luz a ejes =
de columnas

6.80

0.25

Diseo de la Zapata Combinada Mtodo ACI:

VC
VC -- 01
01 (( bb x h ))

0.40

ZAPATA EXTERIOR :
Estimamos : Az = 1.20*P1/sn
donde :
P1 =
27.50 T
s n = s t- gprom*hf - S/C
sn =
9.3 T/m2
Az =

3.55 m2

Dimensionamiento en Planta :
T = 2*S
S=

2S^2 =

3.55 m2
1.33 m
27.5 Tn

VIGA DE CONEXION :
h =l1 / 7
h=
b = P1 /(31*l1)
b=

1.00 m
0.13 m

> h /2

Verificar

DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE ZAPATA EXTERIOR :


Wv =
SM2 = 0
RN =

0.312 T/m
31.07 T

1.35

Az = RN / sn
T =

3.34 m2 = T x S
2.51 m

USAR =

S =
T =

31.07 Tn
0.13

1.35
2.55

OK !!!
OK !!!

0.675

DISEO DE LA VIGA DE CONEXION :


P1U =

40.75 T

Wvu =
SM2 = 0
RNU =

0.44 T/m
46.01 T

WNU = RNU /S
WNU =

34.08 T/m

SECCION DE MOMENTO MAXIMO :


Vx = ( WNU -WVU ) Xo - P1U
Xo =

1.21

<S=

1.35

OK !!!

Mu max = (WNU - WVU)Xo^2/2 - P1U (Xo - t1/2)


Mu max =
-19.58 T/m2
d=
0.94 m

w = 0.8475-(raiz(.7182-(1.695*10^5/(0.9*f'c*b*d^2))))
p = f'c*w/fy
As = p*b*d
Verificacion de As min :
p min = 14/fy
p min = 0.70*RAIZ(f'c)/fy
As min = p*b*d
As min =
Usar :

Usar: 3

w=
p=
As =

p min =
p min =

0.003333
0.002415

4.06 cm2

5/8
n=

varillas

As min

OK !!!

varillas

5/8

REFUERZO EN LA CARA INFERIOR :


As + = As- /3 As- /2 As min
As =
As diseo =
Usar :

2.93
4.06
5/8
n=

0.0962241423
0.00481121
5.86 cm2

Usar: 3

5/8
P

DISEO POR CORTE :

V1U
d

V1U = (WNU - WVU)*(t1+d) - P1U


V1U =
4.24 T
V2U = (WNU - WVU)*S - P1U
V2U =
Vu / =
Vc = 0.53*RAIZ(f'c)*b*d
Vc =

4.67 T
5.49 T
9.36

> Vn

Usar estribos de Montaje :


S = 36
S=
0.57
m
S = d/2
0.50
Usar :
Estribos de 3/8" @

OK !!!

0.5 m

DISEO DE LA ZAPATA EXTERIOR :


WNU = RNU / T
WNU =
Mu max =

18.04 T/m
10.43 T - m

PERALTE DE LA ZAPATA
La longitud de anclaje en varillas de acero a compresion es (ACI 12.3.2)
ldb = 0.08*db*fy/raiz(f'c)
ldb =
y debera cumplirse:
ldb > 0.004*db*fy
ldb >
h tentativo =
h a usar =

54.00 cm
60.00 cm

Vn = Vud/
Vn =
Vc = 0.53*RAIZ(f'c)*b*d
Vc =

51.55

10.10 T

11.88 T
53.44

32.09

OK !!!!

PERALTE DE LA ZAPATA (d) =


DISEO POR CORTE :
Vud = WNU (lv - d)
Vud =

44.29

> Vn

OK !!!

cm

DISEO POR FLEXION :


w = 0.8475-(raiz(.7182-(1.695*M*10^5/(0.9*f'c*b*d^2))))
p = f'c*w/fy
As = p*b*d
Verificacion de As min :
As min = 0.0018*b*d
As min =
Usar :

0.0155550131
0.00078
5.41 cm2

12.53 cm2

5/8
n=
s=
5/8

Usar: 7

w=
p=
As =

7
0.20
@ 0.2 m

varillas
m

REFUERZO TRANSVERSAL :
As Temp = 0.0018*b*h
As Temp =
Usar :

27.54 cm2
5/8
n=
s=
5/8

Usar: 14

14
0.19
@ 0.19 m

varillas
m

DISEO DE LA ZAPATA INTERIOR :


P2 efectivo =
P2 efectivo =

-P2 - P1 -Wv* lv +Rn


-59.59 T

P2u efectivo =
P2u efectivo =

-P2u - P1u -Wvu* lvu +Rnu


-89.46 T

Az = P2 efectivo / sn
Az =
6.41 m2
L = raiz(Az)
L=
2.53 m
Az =
2.6 x 2.6 =
W nu = P2 efectivo / Az
W nu =
lv =
Mu max = Wnu*l^2 / 2
Mu max =
Usar :
d=

13.23 T/m2
1.18 m
23.75 T - m
50.59 cm

VERIFICACION POR PUNZONAMIENTO :

P1

USAR :
6.76 m2

2.60
OK !!!!

RN

Vu = Puz efectivo - W nu (m)(n)


m=
1.68 m
n=
1.11 m
Vu =
64.91 T
Vn = Vu /
Vn =
76.36 T
Vc = 1.06*raiz(f'c) * bo * d
Vc =
346.73

T > Vn

OK !!!

T > Vn

OK !!!

VERIFICACION POR CORTE :


Vud = (Wnu*L)(lv - d)
Vud =
Vn = Vu /
Vn =
Vc = 0.53*RAIZ(f'c) *b*d
Vc =

23.02 T
27.09 T
54.09

DISEO POR FLEXION :


w = 0.8475-(raiz(.7182-(1.695*M*10^5/(0.9*f'c*b*d^2))))
p = f'c*w/fy
As = p*b*d
Verificacion de As min :
As min = 0.0018*b*d
As min =
Usar :

5/8
n=
s=
5/8

Usar: 13

w=
p=
As =

0.0184270
0.0009214
12.35 cm2

24.12 cm2

13
0.21
@ 0.21 m

varillas
m

ESQUEMA FINAL DE LA ZAPATA CONECTADA :


1.35

Usar: 7

2.55

5/8

@ 0.2 m

2.60

VC 0.13 x 1

Usar: 13

5/8

Usar: 14

5/8

@ 0.19 m

Pu (Ton)

40.75
91.70

0.25
0.62

VC
VC -- 01
01 (( bb x h ))

6.80

Wv = 0.312 T/m

WNU

6.80
6.250

Usar: 3

5/8

Usar: 3
5/8
Est. 2 3/8 @ 0.05: Rto. @ 0.5 m

Diametro
pulg.
6
1/4
8
3/8
12
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4

Area

cm2

m
0.0060
0.0064
0.0080
0.0095
0.0120
0.0127
0.0159
0.0191
0.0222
0.0254
0.0286
0.0318

0.28
0.32
0.50
0.71
1.13
1.29
2.00
2.84
3.87
5.10
6.45
8.19

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0
0
0 Diametro
0 pulg.
0

1 3/8

0.0349

V2U
WVU

WNU

0.40

1.075

WNU

2.55

10.06

1/4
8
3/8
12
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8

Diametro
pulg.

Area

cm2

6
1/4
8
3/8
12
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8

0.0060
0.0064
0.0080
0.0095
0.0120
0.0127
0.0159
0.0191
0.0222
0.0254
0.0286
0.0318
0.0349

P2
Wv = T/m

0.28
0.32
0.50
0.71
1.13
1.29
2.00
2.84
3.87
5.10
6.45
8.19
10.06

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0
0
0 Diametro
0 pulg.
0
6
0
1/4
8
3/8
12
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8

Diametro
pulg.

Usar: 13

5/8 @ 0.21 m

6
1/4
8
3/8
12
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/8
1 1/4
1 3/8

@ 0.21 m

2.60

Area

cm2

m
0.0060
0.0064
0.0080
0.0095
0.0120
0.0127
0.0159
0.0191
0.0222
0.0254
0.0286
0.0318
0.0349

0.28
0.32
0.50
0.71
1.13
1.29
2.00
2.84
3.87
5.10
6.45
8.19
10.06

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0
0
0
0
0
0

Area

cm2

m
0.0060

0.28

0.015875

0.0064
0.0080
0.0095
0.0120
0.0127
0.0159
0.0191
0.0222
0.0254
0.0286
0.0318
0.0349

0.32
0.50
0.71
1.13
1.29
2.00
2.84
3.87
5.10
6.45
8.19
10.06

2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0
0
0
0
0
0

Area

cm2

m
0.0060
0.0064
0.0080
0.0095
0.0120
0.0127
0.0159
0.0191
0.0222
0.0254
0.0286
0.0318
0.0349

0.28
0.32
0.50
0.71
1.13
1.29
2.00
2.84
3.87
5.10
6.45
8.19
10.06

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0
0
0
0
0
0

Angulos de Friccion Interna y Pesos Espec


Tipo de Suelo

Arena Gruesa
o Arena con Grava
Arena Media
Arena Limosa
fino o limo arenoso
Limo uniforme
Arcilla - Limo
Arcilla limosa
Arcilla

Angulos de Friccion Interna y Pesos Especificos de Suelos


Consistencia

Angulo de friccion

Peso especifico

interna en grados

en Kg/cm2

Compacto
Suelto
Compacto
Suelto
Compacto
Suelto
Compacto
Suelto
Suave o mediana
Suave o mediana
Suave o mediana

40
35
40
30
30
25
30
25
20
15
0 - 10

2250
1450
2080
1450
2080
1365
2160
1365
1440 -1920
1440 -1920
1440 -1920

DISEO DE ESCALERAS EN U
DATOS :
long. 1er. Tramo (a)
long. 2do. Tramo (b)
largo descanso (c)
ancho de la escalera
ancho descanso (d)
descanso en el 2do piso
muro
(m)
Paso
(p)
Sobrepaso
(sp)
f'c =
fy =
Ancho cimiento base de la escalera
Ancho viga de llegada escalera
Espesor (t) = L mayor / 25
Espesor a usar :
f =
cos

3.00
3.00
3.30
1.90
4.05
1.05
0.25
0.3
0.16
210
4200
0.25
0.30
0.384
0.20
28.07
0.88

m
m
m
m
m
m
m
m
Kg/cm2
Kg/cm2
m
m
m
m

PRIMER TRAMO
TRAMO INCLINADO:
METRADO DE CARGAS
Peso de la losa inclinada
Peso de las gradas
Peso del acabado
Peso del revoque interior
WD =
Sobrecarga
S/C = WL =
AMPLIFICACION DE CARGAS (Wu)
RNC (1,50*WD+1,80*WL)

MODELO ESTRUCTURAL :
Reacciones :
RA =
Mx = 6.77 x - 2.24 x^2 /2
Vx = dMx/dx
Para 0 < x < 3.125 ; x =
RB =
M max + =
ARMADURA REQUERIDA (+)

0.55
0.19
0.15
0.13
1.01

T/m2
T/m2
T/m2
T/m2
T/m2

0.40 T/m2
0.40 T/m2

2.24 T/m2

6.77 T
6.77 - 2.24 x = 0
3.022 m
5.74 T
10.23 T

w = 0.8475-(raiz(.7182-(1.695*M*10^5/(0.9*f'c*b*d^2))))
p = f'c*w/fy
As = p*b*d

0.10513
0.00526
16.98 cm2

VERIFICACION DE LA CUANTIA MAXIMA Y MINIMA


Pmax =
As min = 0.0018*b*d

0.01594
5.81 cm2

Usar :

5/8
n=
s=

Usar: 9
ARMADURA REQUERIDA (-)
As (-) = As (+)/2 > As temp.

9
0.21
@ 0.21 m

5/8

As ( - )

As minimo :
As min = 0.0018*b*d
Usar :

varillas
m

8.49 cm2

5.81 cm2
5/8
n=
s=

Usar: 5

5
0.37
@ 0.37 m

5/8

varillas
m

MODELO ESTRUCTURAL :
SEGUNDO TRAMO
Con los valores obtenidos para el primer tramo podemos :
Rc =
Mx = 7.33 x - 1.61 x^2 / 2 - 0.63 ( x - 1.05 ) ^2 /2
Mx = 0.35 + 7.99 x -1.12 x ^2
Para 0 < x < 4.2
X=
M max =

-1.12
7.99
0.350

7.33 Tn

4.97 m
12.40 T - m

ARMADURA REQUERIDA (+)


w = 0.8475-(raiz(.7182-(1.695*M*10^5/(0.9*f'c*b*d^2))))
p = f'c*w/fy
As = p*b*d

0.12940
0.00647
20.90 cm2

VERIFICACION DE LA CUANTIA MAXIMA Y MINIMA


Pmax =
As min = 0.0018*b*d

0.01594
5.81 cm2

Usar :

5/8
n=
s=

Usar: 11
ARMADURA REQUERIDA (-)
As (-) = As (+)/2 > As temp.

5/8

As ( - )

11
0.17
@ 0.17 m

varillas
m

10.45 cm2

As minimo :
As min = 0.0018*b*d
Usar :

5.81 cm2
5/8
n=
s=

Usar: 6

5/8

6
0.31
@ 0.31 m

varillas
m

ESQUEMA DE ARMADO ESCALERA :

Usar: 6

5/8

Usar As Temp 3/8" @


SEGUNDO TRAMO
Usar: 11 5/8
@ 0.17 m

Usar As Temp 3/8" @

Usar: 5
@ 0.37 m

5/8

0.13

1.00

Usar: 9
@ 0.21 m

Usar: 5

5/8

@ 0.37 m

CALERAS EN U

TRAMO HORIZONTAL
METRADO DE CARGAS
Peso de la losa

0.48 T/m2

Peso del acabado


Peso del revoque interior
WD =

0.05 T/m2
0.06 T/m2
0.59 T/m2

S/C = WL =

0.40 T/m2
0.40 T/m2

Sobrecarga

AMPLIFICACION DE CARGAS (Wu)


RNC (1,50*WD+1,80*WL)

1.61 T/m2

2.24

0.25

3.00
3.125
6.55

RAA

MODELO ESTRUCTURAL

OK !
OK !

Usar As Temp 3/8" @

0.13

x ^2
X

2.24
1.61

0.30

1.05

3.00

1.2

3.00
7.625

Rc
X

OK !
OK !

Usar As Temp 3/8" @

0.13

@ 0.31 m

0.13

Usar: 6

5/8

@ 0.31 m

Usar: 5

5/8

@ 0.37 m

0.30

PRIMER TRAMO

5/8

1.61

3.30
3.425

0.25

RBB

RUCTURAL

Diametro
pulg.

Area

cm2

6
0.25
8
0.375
12
0.5
0.625
0.75
0.875
1
1.125
1.25
1.375

0.006
0.00635
0.008
0.009525
0.012
0.0127
0.015875
0.01905
0.022225
0.0254
0.028575
0.03175
0.034925

0.28
0.32
0.5
0.71
1.13
1.29
2
2.84
3.87
5.1
6.45
8.19
10.06

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0
0

1.61

3.30

0.25

3.425

Diametro
pulg.
6
0.25
8
0.375
12
0.5
0.625
0.75
0.875

Area

cm2

m
0.006
0.00635
0.008
0.009525
0.012
0.0127
0.015875
0.01905
0.022225

0.28
0.32
0.5
0.71
1.13
1.29
2
2.84
3.87

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0
0
0
0
0
0

1
1.125

0.0254
0.028575

5.1
6.45

0
0

0
0

1.25
1.375

0.03175
0.034925

8.19
10.06

0
0

0
0

Diametro
pulg.
6
0.25
8
0.375
12
0.5
0.625
0.75
0.875
1
1.125
1.25
1.375

Diametro
pulg.
6
0.25
8
0.375
12
0.5
0.625
0.75
0.875
1
1.125
1.25
1.375

Area

cm2

m
0.006
0.00635
0.008
0.009525
0.012
0.0127
0.015875
0.01905
0.022225
0.0254
0.028575
0.03175
0.034925

0.28
0.32
0.5
0.71
1.13
1.29
2
2.84
3.87
5.1
6.45
8.19
10.06

2
2
2
2
2
2
2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0
0
0
0
0
0

Area

cm2

m
0.006
0.00635
0.008
0.009525
0.012
0.0127

0.28
0.32
0.5
0.71
1.13
1.29

2
2
2
2
2
2

0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875
0.015875

0.015875
0.01905
0.022225
0.0254
0.028575
0.03175
0.034925

2
2.84
3.87
5.1
6.45
8.19
10.06

2
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.015875
0
0
0
0
0
0

0.00

0.00

0.00
0

RBB

0.00

0.00
0

0.00
0

RBB