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Plantas Medicinales de Nigeria

Plantas Medicinales de Nigeria

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Publicado porOgunda Leni
628 Especies de plantas diferentes, con sus nombres científicos y yoruba, que partes se usan de cada planta y para que se usa cada una.
628 Especies de plantas diferentes, con sus nombres científicos y yoruba, que partes se usan de cada planta y para que se usa cada una.

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Published by: Ogunda Leni on Jun 14, 2009
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MEDICINAL PLANTS

Species Name

FAMILY NAME

Local Names

Common Names

Parts Used

Medicinal Use(S)

1

Abelmoschus esculentus

Malvaceae

Ila,okweje,kubewa

Okra,lady's finger

Fruit, seeds

Fevers, gonorrhoea, dysentery, catarrhal infections,emollient,antispasmodic, tonic.

2

Abrus precatorius

Leguminosae

Ojuologbo,omisinminsin,mese Crab’s eye,rosary nmesen,iwere-jeje,Olorun pea,love nut,jequirity yinni,otoberebere,idonzakara

Root, leaves,seeds

Colds,cough, convulsion, rheumatism, conjunctivitis,contraceptive,antimicrobials,aphrodisiac,ulcer,anae mia,antidote poison

3

Abutilon mauritianum

Malvaceae

Furu,kawo

African Mallow,thutt

Leaves, root

Diarrhoea, gonorrhoea,antipyretic,cough,piles

4

Acacia ataxacantha

Mimosaceae

Ihun,ewonadele,sarkakiyaa,uke.

Benin rope Acacia

Young leaves

Dysentery,backache

5

Acacia auriculiformis

Leguminosae

Kasia eleti

Earleaf acacia

Bark

Astringent

6

Acacia nilotica

Mimosaceae

Baani,booni,gabaruwa

Acacia,Egyptian mimosa Fruits,bark,exudate

Skin diseases,fungal infections,insomnia,emollient.

7

Acacia sieberiana

Mimosaceae

Siyi,sie,farakaya

Acacia

Bark,stemtwigs,roots,leaves,latex

Anti-cancer,antipyretic,astringent,kidney disease,taeniacide

8

Acalypha fimbriata

Euphorbiaceae

Jinwinini,kandiri

Acalypha

Leaves

Syphilis, asthma,,anthelmintics, ulcers,rheumatism, antimicrobial & antifungal

9

Acalypha godseffiana

Euphorbiaceae

Jinwinini

Acalypha

Leaves, twigs

Skin infection, Antimicrobials

10

Acalypha hispida

Euphorbiaceae

Jiwene, Jinwinini

Cat's tail,chenille plant,medusa's locks

Leaves, twigs

Skin rashes, antimicrobial

11

Acalypha wilkesiana

Euphorbiaceae

Jiwene, Jinwinini

Copper leaf, beef steak plant

Leaves,twigs

Skin rashes,antimicrobials,flatulence,constipation

12

Acanthospermum hispidum

Compositae

Dangunro-gogoro ,kaashinyaawo

Starburr

Leaves,whole plant

Yellow Fever ,tuberculosis,stomach disorder,cough,purgative,rheumatism,migraine

13

Acanthus montanus

Acanthacease

Ahon-ekun,irunmuBear's breech,white's arugbo,inyinyiogwu,ogwud ginger,leopard's tongue urunwashihshi

Stem-twig, leaves,roots

Syphilis, cough, emetic, urethral discharge, purgative,boils,anaemia,anthelmintics

14

Achillea millefolium

Compositae

Yaro

Yarrow,nosebleed,sneezewort,millefoil

Flowers,leaves,seeds

Haemostatic,wound,astringent,diaphoretic,piles

15

Achyranthes aspera

Amaranthaceae

Aboro,Abora hakoorinmaciijii

Rough-Chaff herb

Leaves,roots

Stomach disorders, Abortion, diarrhoea, dysentery, skin diseases,Malaria, venereal diseases, haemostatic, cold

16

Adansonia digitata

Bombacaceae

Ose,Igiose,kukaa,kulambali

Baobab

Leaves,fruit pulp,bark

Malaria, asthma,diarrhoea, kidney and bladder diseases, demulcent, prophylactic,antihistaminic,skin diseases,caries,antimicrobial.

17

Adenia cissampeloides

Passifloraceae

Arokeke, Godogbo

Adenia

Leaves, Stem-bark

Hypertension, nervous disorder, stress, cough, gonorrhoea, antimicrobial.

18

Adenia venenata

Passifloraceae

Dodo, Yaga, Arokeke,oti,

Akerbia

Cough, bronchitis,urinary tract infections, fever,stem-pulp is an Leaves, roots, stem-bark, aphrodisiac, syphilis, fruits gonorrhoea,anagelsic,diuretic,hypertension,fish poison

19

Adenium Obesum

Apoynaceae

Gariya

Stem, roots, fruit,juice

Wound dressing, ulces, cardiac tonic, venereal diseases.

20

Adhatoda buchhoizii

Acanthaceae

Fruits, whole plant

Rheumatism, antiinflammatory, fish poison

21

Aerva lanata

Amaranthaceae

Eweowo, aje, Efunile,Alhaji,Furfurata,fatumi

Bhadram,cherula

Whole plant

Ulcers, wounds, snake bite, diuretic, purgative, anthelmintic,sore throat,kidney and bladder stones

22

Afraegle paniculata

Rutaceae

Sanga

Kokodi

Leaves,bark,roots

Gastro-intestinal disorders, antispasmodic,skin diseases

23

Aframomum granum-paradisi Zingiberaceae

Oburo-wawa

Afromum lilies

Roots

Anthelmintics

24

Aframomum melegueta

Zingiberaceae

Ata-ire,atare,itaye,ose oji,citta,gyandamaryaji

Alligator pepper,grains of Leaves,seeds paradise

Stimulant, smallpox, chicken pox, stimulant,anthelmintics,wounds,coughs,anaemia,rheumatism,mea sles,malaria,toothache

25

Aframomum sceptrum

Zingiberaceae

Oburo-etu,oboro,oguro

Bear berry

Seeds,leaves

Measles,smallpox,lumbago,stimulant.

26

Afrormosia laxiflora

Leguminosae

Shedun,makarfo,abua ocha

Kulkuli

Root

Intoxicant, headache, body pains,headache,ophthalmia,anticonvulsant,rat ovulation blocked through effect on pituitary gland

27

Afzelia africana

Leguminosae

Apa-Igbo, Apa,kawo,akpalata

Apa,pod mahogany

Root,leaves,stembark,seeds.

Gonorrhoea, stomach disorders,hernia,lumbago,febrifuge,antiemetic

28

Agelaea obliqua

Connaraceae

Esura, Okun

Horse tamarind

Leaves

Childbirth (Relaxation of Muscles)

29

Agelenopsis chevaleri

Olacaceae

Igo

Agelenopsis,igo

Bark, roots, seeds, leaves

Conjunctivitis, ring-worm, impotence, purgative, craw-craw, tooth ache, mumps.

30

Ageratum conyzoides

Compositae

Imi-esu, ula ujula,urata,ahenhen

Goat weed

Whole plant, leaves, root

Wounds, ulcers, craw-craw, digestive disturbance, diarrhoea,emetic,skin diseases,antipyretic,gonorrhoea,sleeping sickness,eye wash

31

Alafia barteri

Apocynaceae

Agbari etu

Alafia chewing stick, guinea-fowl's crest

Roots,leaves.

Sickle cell anaemia,rheumatic pains,toothache,eye infections

32

Albizia adianthifolia

Leguminosae

Banabana Ayinreta,igbabo,afema,avu Flatcrown albizia ,tsintsiyar,kurmii

Bark

Gonorrhoea,night blindness,piles,anthelmintics,cough

33

Albizia ferruginea

Leguminosae

Ayinre ogo,ngu,kurmii

False thorn albizia

Root, stem bark,leaves

Dysentery, constipation,fish poison

34

Albizia lebbeck

Leguminosae

Igbagbo

Silk flower,lebbeck

Seeds, Leaves, Stem-bark Astringent, mouthwash, river-blindness, gonorrhoea

35

Albizia zygia

Leguminosae

Ayinre-weere,kurmii

Okuro,atanza,siris

Bark

Arthritis,sprain

36

Alchornea cordifolia

Euphorbiaceae

Ipa, esinsin, eepa,bambami,ububo

Christmas bush

Leaves, stem,bark,twig

Fever, rheumatism,antimicrobials ,diuretic,purgative,toothache,cough,sore,gonorrhoea,insomnia

37

Alchornea laxiflora

Euphorbiaceae

Pepe, Ijan

Three-veined bead string Stem,roots,leaves

Chewing sticks, venereal diseases,emmenagogue,ring worm,antioxidant,(leaves traditional wraps for cola nuts).

38

Allamanda cathartica

Apocynaceae

Ododo-alamanda

Yellow allamanda,angel's trumpet,butterRoots cup,golden trumpet

Antimicrobials,malaria,dysentery,cathartic.

39

Allanblackia floribunda

Guttiferae

Orogbo erin,egba,nkpukpotiri

Fallow tree

Root, leaves, stem-bark, fruit

Malaria, dysentery, toothache, chicken pox small pox, measles

40

Allium ascalonicum

Liliaceae

Alubosa-elewe,albasa maigo

Shallot,spring onion

Leaves, bulb

Convulsion,dysentery.

41

Allium cepa

Liliaceae

Alubosa,albasa,yabase,al Onion basa gudaji

Bulb,leaves

Cough,diuretic,anthelmintics,skin diseases,weak erection,antitumour,rubefacient, throat infection.

42

Allium sativum

Liliaceae

Ayo, ayuu

Garlic

Bulb

Fever, coughs, asthma, dilated bronchi.,flatulence,anthelmintic,ringworm,antibiotic,diuretic,emme nagogue,antimicrobials,blood tonic, Malaria.

43

Allophylus africanus

Sapindaceae

Eekan-ehoro,alarto, oduoko,

African false currant

Leaves, roots, bark

Diarrhoea, pile, toothache,anthelmintics,venereal diseases,cough

44

Aloe barteri

Liliaceae

Eti erin, ida-egun,idaorisa,moda.

Aloe

Leaves

Ringworm,anthelmintics,aphrodisiac,amenorrhoea,cough,skin infections,astringent,antitumour,pile,fruits for preventing snake bite,

45

Aloe vera

Liliaceae

Ahon erin

Barbados Aloe

Leaves juice

Purgative,guineaworms,hair care,skin diseases,wound,diabetes,amenorrhoea,breast cancer,immune booster

46

Alstonia boonei

Apocynaceae

Awun, ahun,eghu,akpi

Stool wood,pattern wood Root, bark, leaves

Breast development, filaria worms,anthelmintics, antidote, malaria fever, yellow fever,anti-periodic

47

Alstonia congensis

Apocynaceae

Ahun,egbu

Stool wood

Bark

Malaria, astringent, toothache.

48

Alternanthera repens

Amaranthaceae

Dagunro

Joyweed

Whole plant

Dysentery, antimicrobials,dysmenorrhea,filariasis,fracture,joint pains

49

Alternanthera sessilis

Amaranthaceae

Reku-reku,maikai dubu

Alternanthera

Whole plant, leaves.

Astringent, antibacterial, boil, headache, antidote to snake-bite.

50

Amaralia bignoniflora

Rubiaceae

Unemuo

Leaves, seeds

Cough, heart burn, rheumatic pain

51

Amaranthus spinosus

Amaranthaceae

Tete-elegun-un, Dagunro,manijingasaya, inine ogwu

Prickly amaranthus

Whole plant

Abdominal pain, ulcers, gonorrhoea.,astringent,menorrhagia,diarrhoea,dysentery,eczema

52

Amaranthus viridis

Amaranthaceae

Tete-abalaye,tetekekere,atite,malan kotshi

Green amaranth,slender Leaves,roots amaranth

Anthelmintics,dysentery,antispasmodic,diuretic,gonorrhoea,eye disease.

53

Ambrosia maritima

Compositae

Matsermama,markarfo

Whole plant

Syphilis,hypertension,anti-tumour,stimulant

54

Ambrosia maritima

Compositae

Tutu bidi

Leaves

Fever, inflammation

55

Amorphophallus dracantioides

Anacardiaceae

Gwazar glwa, gaadali

Tubers

Asthma, piles, snakebite remedy, arrow poison

56

Anacardium occidentale

Anacardaceae

Kasu,kanju,akwe olu,okpokpo

Cashew nut tree

Bark, leaf, fruit

Malaria, elephantiasis, leprosy, ringworms,scurvy,diabetes,warts,anthelmintics,typhoid fever,caries.

57

Ananas comosus

Bromeliaceae

Ope-Oyinbo,ekunkun,ehinPineapple ahun,abarba,nkwe aba

Unripe fruit, juice,ripe fruit Digestive problems,typhoid fever,cough,anthelmintics

58

Anchomanes difformis

Araceae

Abirisoko,langbodo,ogirisa Anchomanes ko,hantsar gada, oje

Roots

Diuretics,purgative,gonorrhoea

59

Andira inermis

Araceae

Gwaska

Dog almond,bastard mahogany

Bark ,seeds

Skin diseases,anthelmintics

60

Aneilema hockii

Commelinaceae

Godobo-funfun

Root

Aphrodislac, female infertility.

61

Annona muricata

Annonaceae

Sharp-sharp

Sour sop

Leaves,fruit,

Fever,dysentery

62

Annona senegalensis

Annonaceae

Abo, Ibobo,gwandar daji,uburu ocha

African custard apple,Gwanda-daji

Cancer, dysentery, cough,venereal Root, bark, leaves, seeds diseases,toothache,astringent,anthelmintic,ease labour,eye drops, tumour out growth,anti-bee sting.

63

Annona squamosa

Annonaceae

Sharp-sharp,mbugo ago

Sweet sop,pineapple tree Leaves,fruit,stem

Anaemia, dysentery,abortifacient,ulcer,anti-tumour

64

Anogeissus leiocarpus

Combretaceae

Ayin,marike,atara

Axlewood

Bark,leaves,seds

Antipyretic,taeniacide,skin diseases

65

Anonidium Manni

Annonaceae

Ewuro-Igbo

Bark

Diarrhoea, cough, sores, fever, rheumatism

66

Anthocleista djalonensis

Loganiaceae

Shapo,kwari

Cabbage tree

Bark,leaves

Skin diseases – rashes and eczema, diabetes,antipyretic,purgative,abdominal pain,impotence

67

Anthocleista liebrechtsiana

Loganiaceae

Shapo,kwari

Leaves, bark

Purgative, skin infection, antimicrobial.

68

Anthocleista vogelii

Loganiaceae

Apa oro,sapo,kwari

Seeds,bark

Antidote for snake bite,purgative

69

Anthonotha macrophylla

Leguminosae

Abara,apado,agbagba

Latex, bark

Gonorrhoea, dysentery, diarrhea,yellow fever.

70

Antiaris africana

Moraceae

False iroko,oroo,upas Ooro, Oriro, Ayo, farin tree,black loko,ojianwu,ajagha -dibia mulberry,bonobo

Stem-bark, root bark,sap

Epilepsy,lumbago,skin irritant,purgative,nervous disorders

71

Antidesma venosum

Euphorbiaceae

Aroro

Stem bark

Anthelmintics

72

Antigonon leptopus

Polygonaceae

Coral vine

Leaves

Antimicrobial.

73

Antrocaryon micraster

Anacardiaceae

Ifa-Okete, Egin-agbo

Leaves, fruit

General toxic, laxative, cough, stomachae

74

Apium graveolens

Apiaceae

Seleri-saladi

Celery

Whole plant

Aphrodisiac,emmenagogue,anthelmintics,carminative,antispasmo dic,stimulant,diuretic,cough

75

Arachis hypogea

Leguminosae

Epa

Ground nut,pea nut

Nuts

Oil as solvent ,antimicrobials,insomnia

76

Areca catechu

Palmae

Betel nut

Nut

Urinary tract infection, aphrodisiac, anthelmintic, astingent, carminative.

77

Argemone mexicana

Papaveraceae

Ekan-Ekun, Egunarugbo,kwarkoro

Mexican poppy,prickly poppy

Whole plant, latex, roots, seeds

Jaundice, gonorrhoea, skin diseases,diuretics,blennorhoea,tapeworms,abscesses

78

Argyreia nervosa

Convolvulaceae

Elephant creeper

Root, leaves.

Nervous disorder, skin infection, gonorrhoea, aphrodisiac.

79

Aristida adscensionis

Poaceae

Oka-olongo,garasa

Whole plant

Improves lactation

80

Aristolochia ringens

Aristolochiaceae

Ako-igun,duman dutsee

Dutchman's pipe, Snake Guineaworm, skin diseases,typhoid, sores, antidote to snake Leaves,roots, whole plant. work poison,emmenagogue,anthelmintics

81

Artemisia afra

Compositae

Tagargale

Whole plant leaves

Fevers, vermifuge

82

Artocarpus altilis

Moraceae

Bere fruit, Berefurutu, Jaloke.

Breadfruit

Roots,fruits,wood

Fevers,astringent,sedative

83

Asclepias curassavica

Asclepiadaceae

Rizgar-kurege

Milk weed,wild ipecauanha,bloodflower, Roots bastard ipecac

Gastro-intestinal disorders,emetic

84

Asparagus africana

Liliaceae

Aluki,sarka

Asparagus, Aye-kosun

Whole plant

Antimicrobials,sores,kidney diseases,diuretics.

85

Aspilia africana

Compositae

Yunyun,uranjilalu,kalankuw Haemorrhage plant a

Leaves, flowers

Haemostatic,cleaning sores, corneal opacities, stomach disorders,tuberculosis,nervous disorders,guineaworm,gonorrhoea,skin rash.

86

Asystasia calyciana

Acanthaceae

Orole

Leaves

Skin diseases,weak erection,headache,childhood yaws

87

Asystasia gangetica

Acanthaceae

Lobiiri,inana,Ntiaturu

Senegal tea tree,orange Whole plant hawkweed,chinese violet

Antidote for snake bite,astringent,antipruritic,piles,urethral discharge,analgesic properties,antifungal,urological disorders

88

Aulacocalyx jasminiflora

Rubiaceae

Ogbondo

Twigs

Toothache

89

Avicennia africana

Avicenniaceae

Ogbun, Ofun

Black Mangrove

Leaves, stem, twigs

Abortifacient,detergent

90

Axonopus compressus

Poaceae

Idi

Tropical carpet grass

Leaves

Malaria fever, asthma,breast swelling.

91

Azadirachta indica

Meliaceae

Eke-oyibo, Dongo-yaro

Neem tree

Leaves, stem bark, seeds

Malaria, jaundice,syphilis,anthelmintics, skin disease,eczema,ringworm,emetic,laxative,sore throat

92

Bacopo monnifera

Scrophulariaceae

Thyme leaves

Whole plant

Cough, catarrh, bronchitis, diarrhoea.

93

Balanites aegyptiaca

Zygophyllaceae

Budare, aduuwa

Zachun oil tree,Desert date

Roots, fruits,seeds,bark.

Anthelmintics, skin diseases,antipyretic,emetic

94

Bambusa vulgaris

Poaceae

Oparun,Atosi

Bamboo

Leaves,young shoots

Gonorrhoea,abortifacient,a,nthelmintics,emmenagogue,skin rashes of HIV/AIDS

95

Bandeiraea simplicifolia

Leguminosae

Kporekpo

Leaves, bark

Urinary disorder, cancerous growth.

96

Baphia nitida

Papilionaceae

Irosun,Majigi,Ufie,Aboshi

Cam wood

Leaves, bark, roots,twigs

Constipation, skin diseases, venereal diseases,ringworm,enema,flatulence,smallpox

97

Baphia pubescens

Papilionaceae

Awewi, Urohun,Maajigii

Benin Camwood

Stem bark

Urinary tract disorders,emetic, antimicrobial.

98

Barleria opaca

Acanthaceae

Arenikosun

Leaves

Jaundice, hemorrhoids, rheumatism, laxative, snakebite.

99

Basilicum polysiachyon

Labiatae

Whole plants

Fever, cough, cold, nasal congestion

100

Bauhinia rubescens

Caesalpiniaceae

Jinga

Root

Fever, dysentery.

101

Bauhinia variegata

Caesalpiniaceae

Variegated Bauhinia

Root, leaves, bark

Skin diseases, arthelmintic, syphilis, astringent, alterative.

102

Berlinia grandiflora

Caesalpiniaceae

Apado,abaa,Dokar rafi,Ububa

Bark

Ease labour, gastro-intestinal disorders

103

Bidens pilosa

Compositae

Abere-Oloko, Omo langanran

Black jar,spanish needles,beggar's tick,hairy beggarticks

Flowers, leaves,whole plant

Diarrhoea, abdominal disorders,enema, rheumaticism,coughs,anaesthetic,ease labour,antipyretics,caries

104

Bixa orellana

Bixaceae

Osun-buke,ulla,Ufie

Bixa,arnatto dye plant,ornatus,arnatoo,lips Fruits,seeds tick plant.

Malaria, fever,astringent,kidney diseases,skin diseases.

105

Blepharis maderaspatensis

Acanthaceae

Ewe-asaju, ewe-isaju

Whole plant

Snake-bite antidote

106

Blighia sapida

Sapindaceae

Isin,Okpu ulla,Gwanja kusa Akee apple

Leaves, bark, fruit

Malaria, migraine, dysentery,ease labour,hypoglycaemic agent,(note that coat is poisonous).

107

Blighia unijugata

Sapindaceae

Ako-isin

Blighia

Roots,leaves,stem-bark

Diabetes,antipyretic,postnatal haemorrhage

108

Blumea auria

Compositae

Whole plant

Antipyretic and gastro-intestinal problem

109

Blumea perrottetiana

Compositae

Aruntaba, Eru-taba

Ikulu,isajeje,ngai camphos

Leaves, roots,whole plant

Pains,jaundice,malaria,anthelmintics,ulcer,dysentery

110

Boerhaavia diffusa

Nyctaginaceae

Etiponla, Olowojeja,Baabaa juji,Akandom,Azeigwa

Hogweed

Whole herb

Skin diseases, small pox, jaundice, gonorrhoea,diuretic,asthma,cough,antipyretis, (test for pregnancy, through the itching of palm),scabies,yaws,jaundice

111

Bombax buonopozense

Bombaceae

Eso, Olokododo,ponpola,Gurjiy Akata,red silk cotton tree Bark,leaves,fruits,flowers. Stomachache, blood tonic,emmenagogue,emollient a,akpe,Ape otokoro

112

Borassus aethiopum

Palmae

Agbon-olodu, agbononidu,uburu,ubiri.

African fan Palm

Roots,juice of nut

Respiratory disorders,asthma,headache

113

Borreria ocymoides

Rubiaceae

Irawo-ile,Otete

Leaves, root, whole plant

Gonorrhoea, astringent, skin infection.

114

Borreria verticillata

Rubiaceae

Irawo ile,Uniedi,Damfark' ami

African borreria

Leaves, roots

Gonorrohea, skin diseases,dysentery,antibilharzia,abortifacient,diuretics,antileprosy

115

Boscia senegalensis

Capparidaceae

Anza

Leaves, fruit, root

Malaria, jaundice, wound, stomachache, aphrodisiac, venereal diseases, diabetes.

116

Bosqueia anglosensis

Moraceae

Gangaran, Saworo,Oze

Saworo,bosqueia

Leaves, stem bark

Diarrhoea,menorrhagia

117

Boswellia dalzielii

Burseraceae

hano, janauhi

Frankincense tree

Bark, gum, roots

Urinary disorder, antiseptic.

118

Boswellia spp

Burseraceae

Juguuhi

Bark

Anti snake venom

119

Brassica oleracea var capitata Cruciferae

Kabeji

Cabbage,sea cabbage

Leaves,seeds

Antimicrobial,skin diseases.

120

Bridelia ferruginea

Euphorbiaceae

Ira, ira odan, ira eju,Kirni,Ola,okukuu.

Ira

Leaves, bark,roots,fruits

Insomnia,antipyretic, general care in children,diabetes,antibacterials,dysentery,mouth wash,gonorrhoea

121

Bridelia micrantha

Euphorbiaceae

Isa,asa,Oga ofia,Edede

Mitzeeri sweetberry

Leaves, roots,bark

Laxative, young leaves chewed for headache,migraine.

122

Brillantaisia nitens

Acanthaceae

Ogwumadibia

Leaves

Diarrhoea

123

Brillantaisia patula

Acanthaceae

Owo

Brillantaisia

Leaves

Yaws,diarrhoea,ease labour,dysmenorrhoea,chest pain,convulsion

124

Brucea antidysenterica

Simaroubaceae

Root bark

Cancer, dysentery

125

Brunfelsia uniflora

Solanaceae

Roots

Aphorodisiacs

126

Bryophyllum pinnatum

Crassulaceae

Eru-odundun,abomoda

Resurrection plant,life plant

Leaves,roots,,leaf sap

Cough,diarrhoea,dysentery,wounds,fever,sedatives,diuretic,absc esses,antifungal,epilepsy, antimicrobial, anticancer.

127

Bryoria africana

Cucurbitaceae

Roots

Purgative

128

Brysocarpus coccineus

Connaraceae

Amuje wewe, ade,Kimbar maharbe,Oka abole,Mgba Crimson thyme apepea

Root, leaves

Jaundice, pile, gonorrhoea,venereal disease,impotence,antitumour,ulcer

129

Buchholzia coriacea

Sterculiaceae

Uworo, obi-ata

Wonderful kola

Fruit,bark

Antimicrobials, respiratory disorders,dysmenorrhoea, ulcer,fibroid,chest pains,anthelminthics

130

Burkea africana

Caesalpiniaceae

Apasa, orusi

Burkea,wild seriga

Bark, twigs

Septic sores, headache,astringent

131

Bursoma abyssinica

Melianthaceae

Stem-bark

Anthelmintic, cathartic.

132

Butea frondosa

Papilionaceae

Flame of the forest

Leaves, Bark, Flowers, seeds

Aphorodisiac, astringent, diuretic diabetes, leucorrhoea, antiseptic anthelmintic, cough, cold.

133

Butyrospermum paradoxum

Sapotaceae

Emi-emi, emi,Osisi,Ka'danya

Shea butter tree,Vitellaria paradoxa,Kadanya.

Seeds

Nasal decongestion and cattarhal condition,anthelmintic,hypertension,diuretic.

134

Caesalpinia bonduc

Leguminosae

Ayoo

Bonduc nut,physic nut, yellow nicker

Roots,leaves,seeds

Fever,anthelmintics,respiratory diseases

135

Caesalpinia cristata

Caesalpiniaceae

Bonduc nut, fever nut

Leaves, roots, seeds

Antipyretic, anthelmintic, astringent, asthma, colic.

136

Caesalpinia pulcherima

Leguminosae

Eko-omode

Pride of Barbados

Bark,leaves,seeds

Purgative,emollient,abortifacient,emmenagogue.

137

Cajanus cajan

Leguminosae

Otili,Orela,viovio

Pigeon pea

Leaves, seeds

Smallpox,chickenpox,diuretic,laxative,haemostatic,astringent,mea sles,mouth wash.

138

Caladium bicolor

Araceae

Eje-Jesu

Christ plant,heart of Jesus

Leaves,rhizome.

Topical application for boils,wound,ulcer,purgative,convulsion

139

Calapogonium mucunoides

Leguminosae

Apalofa,Agbiri

Crab grass

Leaves

Diarrhoea, skin infection.

140

Calendula officinalis

Compositae

Ododo-Maria

Marigold

Leaves,roots

Ulcer,astringent

141

Calliandra haematocephala

Leguminosae

Tude,ule

Calliandra

Leaves

Antimicrobials

142

Calliandra portoricensis

Leguminosae

Tude,ule,Oga,Mbuceioro

Corpse awakener

Leaves,twigs,roots

Fevers,convulsions,breast engogement,stomach disorders,purgative,amenorrhoea,headache,lumbago

143

Caloncoba echinata

Flacourtiaceae

Ntuebi

Caloncoba,Gorli

Bark,roots,seeds,stem exudate

Skin infections

144

Caloncoba glauca

Flacourtiaceae

Kakandika,pomuseghe

Caloncoba

Seeds, root, bark, leaf

Leprosy, skin lesions,pustular skin eruptions,migraines

145

Calophyllum inophyllum

Guttiferae

Alexandrian laurel, Dillo oil tree

Leaves, bark, oil

Eye infection, migraine, astringent, ulcers, gonorrhoea.

146

Calotropis procera

Asclepiadaceae

Bomubomu,Tumfatiya

Giant milk weed,sodom apple

Leaves, root, bark,latex.

Diarrhoea, dysentery, elephantiasis, leprosy,chronic eczema,ringworm,cough,diaphoretic,emetic,asthma,abortifacient, convulsion,antipyretic.

147

Canarium schweinfurthii

Burseraceae

Origbo, Paapo,agbabubu,atile, Mbiji

African elemi,aiele,bush Bark candle tree

Black tongue, round worm, gonorrhoea,stomach disorders

148

Canavalia ensiformis

Leguminosae

Ponpondo, sese-nla

Sword bean,horse bean Seed

Antibiotic, antiseptic

149

Canna indica

Cannaceae

Idodo,ido,Gwangwama,Ab Indian shot erekanwo

Leaves

Asthma, Malaria

150

Cannabis sativa

Cannabinaceae

Igbo

Indian Hemp

Leaves, female Diarrhoea, sores, migraine, whooping inflorescence,seeds,stemcough,sedative,dandruff,lice,gonorrhea,dyspepsia twigs.

151

Canthium glabriflorum

Rubiaceae

Ajelora,Igi elera,Eze

Stem,roots,leaves

Cough,mental disorders

152

Capparis thonningii

Cappararaceae

Ekan-awodi, ewon ekiri

Caper bush,kanthar

Root

Fever, headache, mental disorder,aphrodisiac,cough.

153

Capraria biflora

Scrophulariaceae

Root

Antifungal agent.

154

Capsicum annuum

Solanaceae

Ata rodo,sombo,tatase,Ose oyinbo

Bell pepper

Fruits,seeds

Carminative,stimulant,Vitamin C

155

Capsicum frutescens

Solanaceae

Ata wewe,ata-eiye,Ose mkpe,Taashi

Chili pepper,bird pepper

Fruits,seeds

Fevers, dysentery,stimulant,carminative, malaria, ingredient of some herbal recipes.

156

Carapa procera

Meliaceae

Irere, Agogo,abooganwo,Nkwo

Monkey cola,crabwood

Bark, seeds, leaves

Purgative, ringworms, boils,rheumatic pains,antipyretic

157

Cardiospermum halicacabum Sapindaceae .

Shaworo, Baloon vine, heart erapoo,Mpikpo,Fadama,G seed,balsam apple arafunin

Leaves, root

Skin eruption, piles, rheumatism, syphilitic sores,gonorrhea,ameorrhoea,emetic,nervous disorders

158

Carica papaya

Caricaceae

Ibepe,Ojo,gwanda

Paw paw

Leaves, seeds, fruits

Gonorrhoea, syphilis,amoebic dysentery,roundworms,abortifacient,emmenagogue,diabetes,med icinal recipes,papain enzyme as meat tenderizer,convulsion,mental disorder, malaria.

159

Carissa edulis

Apocynaeae Bagozaki

Roots, fruits

Expectorant, abortifacient, venereal diseases

160

Carpha procera

Cyperaceae

Agogo-igun, ApariIgun,ogberi-akuko

Bark

Febrifuge, anthelmintic, appetizer, antiperiodic, purgative.

161

Carpodinus dulcis

Apocynacee

Whole plant

Galactagogure

162

Carpolobia lutea

Polygalaceae

Osunsun,Uziza,Aghba awa

Cattlestick

Leaves, bark

Rheumatism,aphrodisiac,toothache

163

Casearia barteri

Samydaceae

Ukpakuzon

Stem, twig, bark

Toothache, Oral hygeine

164

Cassytha filiformis

Lauraceae

Omoniginigini,omonigelegele,sulunwahi.

Devil's gut,parasitic vine Stem twigs

Anthelmintics, antimicrobials, antifungal

165

Casuarina equisetifolia

Casuarinaceae

Australian pine,horse-tail Leaves tree

Antipyretic,salt tolerant tree

166

Catharanthus roseus

Apocynaceae

Apabida pupa

Rose perinwinkle

Leaves,whole plant

Diabetes, hypertension, antileukaemic properties, antitumour,dysentery,menorrhagia

167

Ceiba pentandra

Bombacaceae

Araba,egungun,Rimii,Akpu

White silk cotton tree,kapok,fuma

Flowers, leaves, bark,exudate.

Diabetes, fever, gonorrhoea,emollient,syphilis,emetic,astringent,demulcent,asthm a,diabetes,menorrhagia

168

Celastrus indica

Celastraceae

Ponju-owiwi

Bittersweet

Roots,leaves,twigs

Antimicrobial,anthelmintics,asthma,malaria

169

Celastrus paniculatus

Celastraceae

Mawo Olule

Staff tree

Bark,roots

Abortion

170

Celastrus senegalensis

Celastraceae

Isepolohun

Bittersweet

Leaves, stem root

Dysentery, oedemas, gonorrhoea, cancer, gastrointestinal troubles,vermifuge,mouth wash,laxative,aphrodisiac.

171

Celosia argentea

Amaranthaceae

Sokoyokoto,Erimonu,Fara alayatu

Cockscomb

Leaves, seeds

Skin diseases, diarrhoea,,antiscorbutic,anthelmintic

172

Celosia laxa

Amaranthaceae

Marugbo sanyantan, Ajemawofo,Mannafaa

Celosia

Leaves

Antiscorbutic, purgative

173

Celosia trigyna

Amaranthaceae

Ajefowo,ajitan

Celosia

Leaves

Anthelmintics,diuretic,astringent,chest pains,emmolient,sore

174

Celtis mildbraedii

Ulmaceae

Ita-gidi, uta, ewonagogo,Aziza

African Celtis, African hackberry,beaverwood,o Root bia,nettle tree

Arthritis,fever,dysmenorrhoea.

175

Centaurea perrottetii

Compositae

Danyi

Star thistle

Whole plant,leaves

Skin infections,fever,malaria,syphilis,ulcer

176

Centaurea praecox

Compositae

Whole plant

Stomachic, purgative

177

Centella asiatica

Umbelliferae

Indian pennywort

Whole plant

Skin diseases, dysentery, elephantiasis, piles, diuretic.

178

Centrosema pubescens

Leguminosae

Ewa-ahun

Fodder pea

Leaves

Skin diseases

179

Cephaelis manni

Rubiaceae

Leaves, bark, root

Wounds, antipyretic, dysentery.

180

Cercestis afzelii

Araceae

Cercestis

Leaves, Stem-bark

Purgative.

181

Chasmanthera dependens

Menispermaceae

Ato-oloriraun

Chasmanthera

Roots

Diuretics,antigonococcal,for management of fractures.

182

Chenopodium ambrosioides

Chenopodiaceae

Ewe-imi,asin,arunpale

Wormwood

Whole plant, leaves.

Anthelmintics,emollient,rheumatism, tumour.

183

Chromolaena odorata

Compositae

Akintola ,Awolowo,Obiarakara

Siam weed

Leaves,stem-twigs

Antimicrobial, dysentery, headache,malaria fever,toothache,haemostatic,skin diseases.

184

Chrozophora senegalensis

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves

Astringent, anthelmintics, rheumatism.

185

Chrysanthellum indicum

Compositae

Abilere, Oyigi

Indian crysanthemum

Whole plant

Boils, fever, gonorrhoea, jaundice, heart-trouble,insecticide.

186

Chrysanthemum cinerariae folium

Compositae

Pyrethrum

Flower heads, leaves

Fever, wounds, general debility, insecticide.

187

Chrysobalanus ellipticus

Roseaceae

Ikatee,Awonriwon

Chrysobalanus,cocoplum

Leaves, roots

Diarrhoea

188

Chrysophyllum albidum

Sapotaceae

Osanbalumo, Agbalumo

African star apple

Bark, leaves

Fever,stomachaches,antiperiodic

189

Cinchona officinalis

Rubiaceae

Quinine tree

Bark

Malaria,anthelmintics, antibacterial.

190

Cinnamomum Zeyianiam

Lauraceae

Cinnamon

Bark, leaves, oil

Aromatic, astringent, typhoid fever, antimicrobial nauseae, vomiting, menorrhagia.

191

Cissampelos owariensis

Menispermaceae

Ewe jokoje,Damargaji

Lungwort,velvet leaf

Roots,whole plant

Lung diseases,emmenagogue,antipyretic,diuretic,skin diseases,blood tonic

192

Cissus quadrangularis

Vitaceae

Ogbakiiki,Da'ddori

Stemmed vine

Tuber,stem

Caries,dysmenorrhoea,urinary disorders

193

Citrullus colocynthis

Cucurbitaceae

Egusi bara

Bitter gourd,colocynth,vine of sodom,bitter apple.

Seeds,whole plant,roots,fruit pulp.

Antimicrobials,purgative,anthelmintics,head lice,bladder stone,contraceptive.

194

Citrullus lanatus

Cucurbitaceae

Egusi-baara

Water melon,cow melon Seeds, leaves,fruits,pulp

Womb expeller, diuretic, cystitis, malaria, leucorrhoea, gonorrhoea,hypertension,whitlow.

195

Citrus aurantifolia

Rutaceae

Osanwewe,Dankabuya,Afotanta Lime,swing ,Epe nkirisi

Leaves, stem, root, fruit

Fever, jaundice,antimicrobials abdominal ulcer, gonorrhoea,carminative,hypertensive recipe,flavouring agent,measles,cough,toothache,anthelmintics,scurvy.

196

Citrus aurantium

Rutaceae

Osan, oromboBitter orange,sour igun,gangan,Olomaoyibo,B orange abbaan leemu

Juice, roots, oil

Cough, sore throat, stomachache,anthelmintics,malaria,carminative,typhoid fever.

197

Citrus limon

Rutaceae

Osan-laimu,oromankirir,Babban leemui

Lemon

Fruits,leaves,bark,roots

Antipyretic,cold,stomachic

198

Citrus paradisi

Rutaceae

Osan gerepu, osan paya. Grape fruit

Rind/external coat,seeds,fruit

Antimicrobials,diabetes,astringent,emollient,demulcent, malaria.

199

Citrus sinensis

Rutaceae

Osanmimu, orombo didun Sweet orange

Twigs,stem bark,fruits

Dysentery, fever, headache,antimicrobial agent,anthelmintics,toothache,antiscorbutic

200

Clappertonia ficifolia

Malvaceae

Bolobolo

Bolobolo

Leaves,roots

Cough

201

Clausena anisata

Rutaceae

Oboku, agbasa, atariobuko

Clausena

Leaves, roots,bark

Cough, cold, abdominal pain, asthma, bronchitis,dysentery, arthritis,lumbago,malaria,anthelmintics,laxative,toothache.

202

Cleidon gaponicum

Euphorbiaceae

Twigs

Toothache

203

Cleistopholis paterns

Annonaceae

Apako

Salt and oil tree

Leaves,bark

Coughs,anthelmintics,antipyretic,respiratory diseases,tuberculosis,purgative

204

Cleome ciliata

Capparaceae

Akuya-aaja, Ekuya

Wild mustard,cat's whiskers

Leaves, seeds

Earache, convulsions, sores, wounds,boils,anthelmintic,carminative,suppuration.

205

Cleome gynandra

Capparaceae

Ekuye, ekuya,ipiya

Bastard Mustard,cat's whiskers

Leaves, seeds

Rheumatism, headache,disinfectant,earache,neuralgia,anthelmintic,ease labour.

206

Clerodendrum capitalum

Verbenaceae

Feregede,Illiri

Hollow stems

Leaves, root

Anthelmintics, dysentry, gonorrhoea.

207

Clerodendrum paniculatum

Verbenaceae

Ora-ojola, adabi

Garden quinine

Roots, leaves

Antipyretic, anthelmintics,venereal diseases, rheumatism,malaria

208

Clerodendrum umbellatum

Verbenaceae

Leaves

Wounds, cut.

209

Clerodendrum volubile

Verbenaceae

Dagba

Leaves, roots

Venereal diseases, astringent, topical application, vermifuge.

210

Clitoria ternatea

Leguminosae

Butterfly pea

Roots,leaves,seeds

Gonorrhoea,purgative,diuretic,ulcer

211

Cnestis ferruginea

Connaraceae

Akara aje, omuaja,esise,elemesan,Amun Short pod,alum plant keta

Fruits, seeds, leaves, root,bark

Snake bite, eyedrops, migraine, gonorrhoea, madness,laxative,sore throat,pyorrhoea,stabilise pregnancy,oral infections

212

Cnidoscolus acontifolius

Euphorbiaceae

Iyanapaja

Cnidoscolus

Leaves, sap

Diuretic, antimicrobial

213

Coccinia barteri

Cucurbitaceae

Ewe-oju

Fruited gourd

Whole plant

Venereal diseases,skin infections, earache

214

Coccinia grandis

Cucurbitaceae

Ewe-ero,Gurjin daaji

ivy gourd, scarlet gourd. Leaves, Fruit

Depression, venereal diseases, skin infection, antibacterial.

215

Cochlospermun planchonii

Cochlospermaceae

Sewetu,Raawayaa

Cotton plant

Roots,stem-bark

Gonorrhoea,menstrual disorder

216

Cochlospermun tinctorium

Cochlospermaceae

Sewetu,Balagande

Cotton plant

Whole plant,seeds

Jaundice,dysmenorrhoea,gastro-intestinal disorders, vaginal discharge,bilharzia,antimicrobials.

217

Cocos nucifera

Palmae

Agbon,Kwakwar,Ake babe Coconut Palm

Bark, root, nuts

Bronchitis, liver ailments,migraine,emollient, scabies, dysentery,antiseptic,toothache,uterine diseases,hair loss,liver ailment,diuretic,anthelmintic,laxative

218

Cocparnus pendulus

Menispermaceae

Roots

Antipyretic

219

Coffea arabica

Rubiaceae

Kofi,Gahwa

Coffee

Kernels

Stimulant, rheumatism,diuretic

220

Coix lacryma-jobi

Poaceae

Aje,aka-ila,agbalamaria,ido-onisekere

Job's tear

Roots,fruits,seeds

Diuretic,anthhelmintics,asthma,stimulant,cicatrizant,irregular menstruation,conjunctivitis.

221

Cola acuminata

Sterculiaceae

Obi abata,Oji

Abata kola nut

Fruit nuts

Stimulant, fever, malaria.

222

Cola Caricifolia

Sterculiaceae

Okokoro, Ogugu,

Monkey kola

Leaves

Eye infection, Ringworm.

223

Cola laurifolia

Sterculiaceae

Karanga,Ufa, Aworiwo

Twigs, stem bark

Tooth ache, dysentery, oral hygiene,caries,thrush

224

Cola millenii

Sterculiaceae

Obi-edun

Monkey Kola

Leaves,fruits.

Ringworms, scabies, gonorrhoea, dysentery,ophthalmia

225

Cola nitida

Sterculiaceae

Obi gbanja

Kola

Stem bark, seed, kernel

Diarrhoea, stimulant,diuretic,cardiac tonic,eye trouble

226

Colocasia esculenta

Araceae

Koko,kokofun,kokoibile,Gwamba

Cocoyam,wild taro

Tuber,leaves

Anaemia,wounds,rheumatism,poison antidote

227

Combretum glutinosum

Combretaceae

Kattakara

Leaves

childhood fevers,milk preservative.

228

Combretum grandiflous

Combretaceae

ikedike

Leaves

jaundice, galactogogue, cholagogues.

229

Combretum mucronatum

Combretaceae

Ogan,Ogolo,Fara geza

Combretum

Leaves, root

Wounds, cough, dysentery,anthelmintic,antimicrobials,biliousness,antipyretic

230

Combretum paniculatum

Combretaceae

Ogan, okan

Twigs

Jouts pains, black tongue, appetizer, febrifuge.

231

Combretum racemosum

Combretaceae

Okan

Bush willow

Twigs

Black tongue, appetizer, weakness,antipyretic

232

Commelina diffusa

Commelinaceae

Itopere,godogboodo,Obogy,Balasa

Day flower,small blue flower,commelina

Leaves, whole plant

Yellow fever, oedema, sore, boils,itch,headache,backache,pregnancy promotion

233

Commiphora africana

Burseraceae

Turari,Dashi,Biskiti

Myrrh

Roots, fruit

Whooping cough, bronchitis, stimulant,carminative,demulcent,astringent,expectorant,stimulant, emmanagogue,menorrhoea,leprosy

234

Connarus africanus

Connaraceae

seed, root bark

Anthelmintic, astriagent

235

Conyza canadensis

Compositae

Canadian Fleabane,horsebane,pride weed,horse weed

Whole plant

Gonorrhoea, diarrhoea, genital diseases, dysentery, haemostatic, insect repellant, anti-bacterial activity

236

Conyza sumatrensis

Compositae

Olowojeja

Conyza

whole plant

Antipyretic,asthma,tuberculosis

237

Copaifera mildbraedii

Leguminosae

Ovbia-leke

Copaiva,copaiba

Fruits,seeds

Cathartic,diuretic,stimulant

238

Corchorus olitorus

Tiliaceae

Ewedu,Laaloo,Ahihiara

Jute plant

Leaves, seeds, root

Fever, worms, diarrhoea, abscesses,demulcent,antiperiodic,anthelmintic,astringent,asthma

239

Cordia millenii

Boraginaceae

Omo

African cordia

Stem bark

Fever, cough, stomachache,mild tonic,astringent,toothache

240

Corynanthe johimbe

Rubiaceae

Idagbon

Yohimbe plant

Stem bark

Hypertension,aphrodisiac, dysmenorrhoea

241

Corynanthe pachyceras

Rubiaceae

Ako idagbon

Corynanthe yohimbe

Leaves, root, stem bark

Mental problems, impotence, anaesthesia,aphrodisiac,antipyretic,local anasthesia,mental problem

242

Cosmos sulphureus

Asteraceae

Ododo-imiesu

Yellow cosmos,sulphur cosmos

Leaves, flowers

Antimicrobial,wounds,astringent,colourant.

243

Costus afer

Zingiberaceae

Ireke - Omode,teteeegungun,Opate,Kaki zuwa

Ginger lily

Stem, roots, fruit,juice

Coughs, diabetes, rheumatic swellings, cuts/sores,diuretic,diabetic,antiarthritic property,malaria,jaundice,gonorrhoea,bilharzia,anti-snake.

244

Coula edulis

Olacaceae

udi, ivanlegbe

Kernel, bark

Dysentery, stomach disorder, skin diseases.

245

Courbonia virgata

Capparaceae

Kumkum

Courbonia

Roots,fruits,leaves

Stimulant,chest pains,cough

246

Crassocephalum crepidioides Compositae

Efo ebolo

Velvet plant,ebolo,redflower ragleaf

Whole plant, roots, leaves. Indigestion, colic, flatulence, headache, breast-cancer.

247

Crassocephalum rubens

Compositae

Ebire

Ebire,ebolo

Leaves,roots

Earache,carious tooth,breast cancer,stomachache

248

Craterispermum laurinum

Rubiaceae

Ozoh

Alum bark

Inner bark,leaves

Gonorrhoea, schistosomiasis,vermifuge,fever,aphrodisiac,malaria,jaundice,ey e trouble

249

Crateva adansonii

Capparaceae

Eegunorun,taniya,ajanaka,Ungud Garlic pear udu,Amakarode

Leaves, bark

Tonic, stomachache, antipyretic,rubefacient,urinary disorders

250

Crescentia cujete

Bignoniaceae

Igi igba,igisogba

Calabash tree,gourd tree Fruits

Receptacle for herbal medicines

251

Crinum glaucum

Amaryllidaceae

Isu meri

Crinum lily,spider lily

bulb,flower-stalks

Antimicrobial,purgative,rubefacient,cough,anti-allergic properties,female fertility

252

Crinum jagus

Amaryllidaceae

Obase, Ogede-Odo,Ede obase, Albasar kwadi

Frest crinum, poison bulb Bulb, Leaves

Chronic cough, tuberculosis, rheumatism,emetic,whitlow,anthelmintics,purgative,rubefacient

253

Crossopteryx febrifuga

Rubiaceae

Ayeye

Sandcrown berry,crystal Root, stem bark bark

Fever, gastrointestinal&respiratory disorders.

254

Crotalaria retusa

Leguminosae

Koropo,alatunse,saworo,Y Rattle box,rattle pea ara, Akidimuo

Root, seeds, juice of pods,leaves.

Fever, cirrhosis, liver lesions, dysentery,colic,vermifuge

255

Croton lobatus

Euphorbiaceae

Eru,Namijin-zaakii bansaa Cascarilla

Root, bark, leaves

Guinea worm, convulsions, skin diseases.rheumatic pain, urinary disorder,purgative

256

Croton penduliflorus

Euphorbiaceae

Aworoso

Croton,Turk's cap

Seeds,whole plant.

Constipation,general debility,diuretics,arthritis,purgative,antitumour

257

Croton zambesicus

Euphorbiaceae

Ajekobale

bushveld

Leaves,twigs

Piles,gonorrhoea,arthritis,diarrhoea,impotence,

258

Cryptolepia sanguinolenta

Periplocaceae

Root, stem

Antipyretic, antibacterial, urinary infections, gastrointestinal disorder, rheumatism.

259

Cryptostegia grandiflora

Apocynaceae

Leaves, latex

Fungi infection, heart problem.

260

Cucumeropsis manni

Cucurbitaceae

Itoo, eyen

Leaves

Milk laxative

261

Cucumis melo

Cucurbitaceae

Baara-ekate,Gurji

Melon,musk melon

Leaves, root

Fungal diseases, emetic,purgative,gonorrhoea.

262

Cucumis prophetarum

Cucurbitaceae

ruit pulp

Vermifuge

263

Cucurbita maxima

Cucurbitaceae

Elegede,apala,Kabeewaa Melon-pumpkin

Seeds,fruits.

Tapeworm, diuretic, taenicide, otitis,utensils.

264

Cucurbita pepo

Cucurbitaceae

Elegede,Ogbogolo,Kabew Pumpkin,gourd,vegetableSeeds, leaves,fruits,pulp a,gboro. marrow

Urinary complaints, cathartic,taenicide,diuretic,demulcent,anthelmintics,boils,burns,an ti-tumour.

265

Culcasia scandens

Araceae

Agunmona

Leaves

Skin disease,anaesthetic,stomachache,pregnancy booster,venereal disease

266

Curculigo pilosa

Hypoxidaceae

Epakun,Dooyar kureegee African crocus

Roots

Leaukaemia,gonorrhoea,cough,purgative,astringent,aphrodisiac, demulcent

267

Curcuma longa

Zingiberaceae

Gangamu, laali pupa

Turmeric

Tubers

Jaundice, eye wash, skin diseases, vermifuge,yellow fever,ringworm,anti-tumour,antimicrobials,carminative,malaria

268

Cuscuta australis

Convolvulaceae

Mologinigini,ganagana,omi nsinminsinDodder, devil’s root gogoro,Soyyaya

Whole plant

Laxative, kidney, liver disease, sores,laxative,astringent,anthelmintic,measles

269

Cyathula prostrata

Amaranthaceae

Shawere pepe, Tanaje,K'arangiya kusu

Pasture weed

Whole plant

Ringworms, scabies, gonorrhoea, dysentery,rheumatism.

270

Cylicodiscus gabonensis

Leguminosae

Olosan, Aja-igi

Denya,okan

Bark

Diarrhoea, dysentery

271

Cymbopogon citratus

Poaceae

Kooko-oba,Acharaehi

Lemon grass

Leaves, roots

Malaria, cough, sprains, lumbago, stomach tonic, stimulant, cold,diaphoretic,diuretic,refrigerant,ringworm

272

Cynara scolymus

Compositlae

Kharsuf

Whole plant

Diuretic, liver diseases, anti-atherosderotic, use as sugar substitute

273

Cynodon dactylon

Graminae

Kapet garassi,Buntun kudaa

Bahama grass,dub grass Leaves, root

Venereal diseases, astringent, haemostatic, urinary infection, wounds.

274

Cyperus esculentus

Cyperaceae

Ofio, omu,Aya aya

Nut grass, tiger nut,papyrus,yellow nutsedge.

Whole plant

To induce vomiting,diuretic,anthelmintics,carminative,menstrual disorders.

275

Cyrtosperma senegalense

Araceae

Ope-igbo,igooha

Swamp-arum

Leaves,rhizome,fruits

Cough,ease labour,astringent,ulcer,gonorrhoea.

276

Dacryodes edulis

Burseraceae

Elemi,ube

Native pear,African plum,bush butter tree

Bark, leaves,fruits.

Jiggars,skin diseases, acute malaria,anthelmintics,astringent,wounds,clearing pregnancy stretch marks,elephantiasis.

277

Dalbergia lactea

Leguminosae

Ojiji, abinrere

Flat bean

Bark, stem-dust

Pimples,anthelmintic,ease labour

278

Dalbergia saxatilis

Leguminosae

Ogundu, Paran,runhun zaki,Obunzizi

Flat bean

Leaves, bark, roots

Cough, small pox, skin lesions, bronchial ailments,toothache

279

Dalbergiella welwitschii

Leguminosae

Emosho-elemosoo,emesoWest African black wood Stem, twigs, roots, leaves Bronchial ailments,purgative,anthelmintic,menstrual disorder. igangan, afoso,

280

Daniellia oliveri

Leguminosae

Iya,Kadaura,Ozabwa, Maje

African copaiba,balsam tree,niger-copal,maaje

Gum, bark

Dysentery, diarrhoea, toothache,urinary infection,astringent,tooth ache

281

Daniellia thurifera

Leguminosae

Iya

Frankincense tree

Stem-wood dust

Scabies

282

Datura metel

Solanaceae

Apikan,Ajeguneegun,gegemu,Furenjuuji

Devil's trumpet,hairy thorn apple

Leaves

Ashma,venereal diseases,convulsion.

283

Datura stramonium

Solanaceae

Apikan, ododoomode,zakami suturamai rawiya,Myaramuo

Stink weed,thorn apple,devil's trumpet,jimson-weed

Leaves, seeds, root

Asthma, cough, astringent,aphrodisiac,mental disorders,gonorrhoea,lumbago,neuralgic,insomnia,anodyne,sedat ive,antispasmodic

284

Deinbollia pinnata

Sapindaceae

Ogiri-egba, Ekusi-Oloko

Water willow

Leaves, root

Cough, bronchial asthma.,aphrodisiac

285

Delonix regia

Leguminosae

Seke seke,ayin.

flame of the forest

Leaves,bark,seeds,flower Diuretic,anthelmintics,astringent,leucorrhoea s

286

Dennettia tripetala

Annonaceae

Igbere,Nmimi

Pepperfruit

Fruit,leaves,stem-twigs.

Insect repellant,fever,cough,toothache,stimulant

287

Desmodium adscendens

Leguminosae

Epaile,aberodefe,Nbasioku

Desmodium

Leaves, whole plant

Constipation, convulsions, gonorrhoea, syphilis, bronchial asthma,spermcount enhancer.

288

Desmodium gangeticum

Leguminosae

Ewe-emo

Leaf, root

Astringent, urinary disorder, broachi infection, fever, chest infection.

289

Detaruyn nucricaroyn

Leguminosae

Taura, Ogbogbo

Bark, leaves

Wounds, ulcers

290

Dialium guineense

Leguminosae

Awin,Icheku,Tsamiyar kurmi

Black tamarind,tumble tree

Leaves, fruit, bark, twigs

Fever, coughs, bronchitis, toothache,astringent, diuretic

291

Dichapetalum baneri

Chailletiaceae

Ngbu ewu

Good killer

Seeds

Cough, rheumatism, bachache

292

Dichapetalum toxicarium

Dichapetalaceae

Alo, Itakun, ikunmu-agbo

Gift-blaar,ratsbane

Stem bark, twigs,leaves

Jaundice,poisonous to animals,malaria,cardiac asthma

293

Dichrostachys cinerea

Leguminosae

Kara, Ajagboluti,Ami ogwu,Dundu

West African sickle bush, Princess's earrings

Bark, root, latex

Fever, stomachache, toothache,diuretic,astringent,anthelmintics,scald,sores

294

Dicoma sessiliflora

Compositae

Doda

Dicoma

Whole plant

Antipyretic,aphrodisiac,cough,stomachache

295

Digitaria horizontalis

Poaceae

Ariran, eeran,Karanin dawaki

Crab grass,sourgrass

Whole plant

Nervous problem,enhancing memory

296

Dioclea reflexa

Leguminosae

Agbarin, epe, arin

Dioclea,bull's eye

Seed

Asthma,head lice,dandruff,stimulant.

297

Dioscorea bulbifera

Discoreaceae

Isu-emina,emina,isuahun,Dooyar bisa

Air potato,aerial potato yam

Tuber

Mystic properties,diarrhoea,dysentery,constipation,anthelmintics,antidot e for snake and scorpion venom,coughs,mental problems,diabetes,weak erection,breast enlargement,fever,rheumatism,antimicrobials.

298

Dioscorea dumetorum

Dioscoreaceae

Esuru,gudugudu,Gursami

Wild yellow yam,African bitter yam,three-leaved yam.

Tubers, leaves

Colic, abdominal, vomiting, analgesic,skin disorders,psychic trouble,malaria,ease labour,anti-bilharzia.

299

Dioscoreophyllum cumminsii

Mennispermaceae

Inunurin, Omuaja

Serendipity berry

Fruits,leaves,roots.

Diabetes, obesity, impotence,tonic for debility.

300

Diospyros canaliculata

Ebenaceae

Oriloje, Owe

Date plum

Bark, leaves

Leprosy, antimicrobials,anthelmintics,abortifacient,cardiac tonic.

301

Diospyros mespliforimis

Ebenaceae

Ige,igidudu,Kalwaa

Ebony tree

Root bark, stem bark

Bilharzia, diarrhoea, antibacterial,anthelmintic,astringent,abortifacient,fertility regulation

302

Discoglypremna caloneura

Euphorbiaceae

Akikaagba, Ogwilaki

Seeds

Gastrointestinal disorder, catharsis, abortion, purgative.

303

Dissotis rotundifolia

Melastomataceae

Awede,Ajagunmorasin

Chickweed,starwort,star Whole plant weed,

Venereal diseases, coughs,antimicrobials,conjunctivities,haemostatic,weight control,diuretic,asthma,ulcer.

304

Dodonaea viscosa

Sapindaceae

Leaves

Sore throat, diaphoretic, fever.

305

Dorstenia prorepens

Moraceae

Alaifo, aloifo

Contrayerva,rock begonia,sokotan

Stem twig,leaves

Nephrosis,wound,antipyretic,antimicrobials.

306

Dracaena manni

Dracaenaceae

Ope-kannakanna, peregun,Akuku

Dracaena

Roots,leaves,fruits

Skin diseases,antimicrobials,stomachache,caries.

307

Drynaria laurentii

Polypodiaceae

Afomo

Drynaria

Whole plant, leaves.

Venereal diseases.

308

Drypetes chevalieri

Euphorbiaceae

Osunsun-iro

Drypetes

Leaves

Cough,asthma,bronchitis

309

Drypetes Florabunda

Euphorbiaceae

Asokara

Stem

Toothache, oral hygiene

310

Duranta repens

Verbenaecae

Fruits

Anthemintic, insecticide

311

Dyschoriste perrottetii

Acanthaceae

Bidi-Diyan

Seed

Inflammation, Eye irrigation.

312

Echinacea purpurea

Compositae

Purple cone, black sampson

Rhizome

Antimicrobial agent.

313

Eclipta prostrata

Compositae

Abikole, arojoku

Ink plant,thistles,false daisy

Leaves

Elephantiasis, fever,cough, skin diseases,oedema,liver ailments,emetic,antiseptic,diarrhoea,convulsion.

314

Ehretia cymosa

Boraginaceae

Jaoke

Puzzle bush,ivorywood

Leaves,bark

Amenorrhoea,contraceptive,fevers,convulsion,fracture management

315

Eichhornia crassipes

Pontederiaceae

Bebelu oju omi,mako,gbeborun.

Water hyacinth

Whole plant

Skin care,fresh juice for wounds,styptic,goitre,protecting feet as foot wears

316

Ekebergia senegalensis

Meliaceae

Ijebo, Ayape,Madachin dutsi

Stavewood

Trunk bark,roots.

Rheumatism, insomnia,malaria,antipyretic,blood tonic, chicken box,charred powder of roots for inducing sneezing

317

Ekebergia capensis

Meliaceae

Oronu, madachin

Cape ash,essenhout

Leaves, roots,bark

Fever, epilepsy, haemolytic,sinusitis,purify blood,insomnia, malaria.

318

Elaeis guineensis

Palmae

Ope, igiope,Nkwe,Ake,Kwakwar

Red oil palm

Root, palm oil,bark,kernels Malaria, mental disorders,diarrhoea,asthma,measles.

319

Elaeophorbia drupifera

Euphorbiaceae

Oroigi, oroonigi

Asthma plant

Leaves, stem bark,roots,latex

Intestinal parasities,fever,measles,purgative,warts,epilepsy,asthma,analge sic,skin diseases.

320

Elephantapus scaber

Compositae

Leave, root

Fever, cough.

321

Eleusine indica

Poaceae

Esekannakanna,Ciyaawar tuuji,Ichite

Bermuda Leaves grass,wiregrass,fowl foot

Coughing with bloody sputum,antipyretic,anthelmintics,venereal diseases.

322

Elytraria marginata

Acanthaceae

Eso

Whole plant

Gonorrhoea, impotence, stomache, cough, infertility.

323

Elytraria marginata

Acanthaceae

Eso

Whole plant

Gonorrhoea, male-impotence, stomache, cough, infertility.

324

Embelia guineaasis

Myrsinaceae

Leaves, root

Anthelmintic, skin diseases

325

Embelia schimperi

Myrsinaceae

Kiru

Stem bark, leaves

Antispasmodic, anthelmintic.

326

Emilia coccinea

Compositae

Odundun-owo, odundunokun,Ogbunizu,nte -ana

Tassel flower,scarlet tassel flower

Leaves, sap, roots.

Ulcers, craw-craw, abscesses of the breast, yaws, lice, ringworm, febrifuge, syphilis, hernia, gonorrhoea, measles,cough,salad.

327

Enantia chlorantha

Annonaceae

Osopupa, Awopa,dokitaigbo,Kakerim

African yellow wood

Bark

Typhoid fever,malaria,antimicrobials, jaundice, rickettsia,infective hepatitis,haemostatic,uterus stimulant,ulcer.

328

Entada africana

Leguminosae

Ayunrebanabana,Tawatsa

Entada

Bark, leaves, root, seeds

Astringent,antimimicrobials, antipyretic, abortifacient,malaria.

329

Entada gigas

Mimosaceae

Aagbaa

Seahearts,monkey ladders

Leaves,seeds,stem-twigs.

Diarrhoea,antimicrobial,abdominal pain, abortifacient,convulsion,astringent,charm to ward off evil spirit

330

Entandrophragma cylindricum Meliaceae

Ijebo,Owura

Cedar mahogany

Stem bark

Diabetes, cough, fever,gastro-intestinal disorders, black tongue,stimulant

331

Eragrostis tremula

Poaceae

Ariran,Burburwa

Eragrostis,lovegrass

Whole plant

To improve memory

332

Eremomastax speciosa

Acanthaceae

Jangborukan,asoyin

Eremomastax

Leaves

Guinea worms,anthelmintic,sores

333

Erissema psoraleoides

Leguminosae

Roro, Isapa-eluju

Leavs, roots, seeds

Venereal diseases, boils, cuts, eye infection.

334

Eruatamia coronaria

Apocynaceae

East India Rosebay, Nero's crown

Leaves, stem, root

Anthelmintic, skin infection, toothache, eye diseases-ophthalmia.

335

Eryngium foetidum

Umbelliferae

Leaves

Ulcer, headache, hysteria

336

Erythrina senegalensis

Leguminosae

Ologbosere,lakale,Majiriya Parrot tree,coral tree ,echichi

Leaves, bark, seeds,roots.

Anthelmintics,cathartic,dysentery,antipyretic,emmenagogue,galac togue

337

Erythrococca anomala

Euphorbiaceae

Iyere-igbo

Cocca

Fruits,leaves,leaf-sap

Headache, joint pains,earaches,taeniacide.

338

Erythrophleum suaveolens

Leguminosae

Erun obo, oluSasswood,Ordeal obo,Ajeku,Obo,Gwaska,in tree,Sassy bark. yi,akpa.

Stem bark, leaves,roots.

Chicken pox, gangrenous sores, snake bite,emetic.filarial worm swelling,skin diseases,wound,hypertension,local anaesthetic,sneezing inducer.

339

Erythroxylum coca

Erythroxylaceae

Red wood

Leaves

Local anaesthesia, sedative.

340

Euadenia trifoliata

Capparaceae

Ajinringburigbu, Logbokiya,Kanumfari

Euadenia

Roots, stem, bark,fruit

Tuberculosis,arthritis, otalgia, aphrodisiac, rectal prolapse.

341

Eucalyptus globulus

Myrtaceae

Eucalyptus

Leaves

Nasal congestion, antibacterial, wounds, mouth wash.

342

Eugenia aromatica

Myrtaceae

Kanafuru

Clove

Flower

Toothache, carminative, rubefacient, serving as preservative in herbal recipes.

343

Eugenia malaccencis

Myrtaceae

Apulu

Apple,African water apple,rose-water apple

Antimicrobial,source for vitamins

344

Eugenia unifolia

Myrtaceae

Pitanga

Pitanga

Leaves, fruit

Antimicrobial.

345

Eulophia millsoni

Orchidaceae

Rhizome

Aphrodisiac

346

Euphorbia balsamifera

Euphorbiaceae

Stem, latex

Caries, dysentery

347

Euphorbia deightonii

Euphorbiaceae

Oro agogo

Euphorbia

Leaves

Woman Sterility

348

Euphorbia heterophylla

Euphorbiaceae

Egele

Leaves, root

Skin diseases, febrifuges, purgative.

349

Euphorbia hirta

Euphorbiaceae

Emi-ile, iroko-iju,egele,oroelewe,ahihia ugwa,Noonon Asthma weed kurciyaa,Odane inenemii

Whole plant,exudate

Cough, asthma, catarrh, hay-fever,pulmonary ailment,hay fever,amoebic dysentery,conjuctivitis,anthelmintic,aphrodisiac,increase lactation and shape of breast,hypertension,antispasmodic

350

Euphorbia kamerunica

Euphorbiaceae

Oro,ukoko,oro-alagogo

Fence Cactus

Latex.

Topical application to aid umbilical cord dropoff,warts,anthelmintics,purgative

351

Euphorbia laterifolia

Euphorbiaceae

Oro were, enuopiri

Scutellann,little cactus

Leaves,exudate

Dermatosis, infertility, anthelmintics constipation, convulsive fevers

352

Euphorbia unispina

Euphorbiaceae

Oro adete

Cactus

Exudate

Antidote for snake bites, fractures,skin diseases,antihelmintics

353

Evolvulus alsinoides

Convolvulaceae

Efunle,Karfi mallam

Slender dwarf Morning glory

Whole plant

Diarrhoea,antipyretic,asthma,chronic bronchitis

354

Eythrococca anomala

Euphorbiaceae

Leaves

Anthelmintic, headache, rheumatic, pains, earache.

355

Fagara rubescens

Rutaceae

Ata

Bark

Toothache, headache, backache, general debiity.

356

Ficus asperifolia

Moraceae

Ipin,Asesa,Baure

Sandpaper plant

Leaves, root

Wounds, coughs.

357

Ficus capensis

Moraceae

Opoto,Farin bauree,Anwerenwa

African mustard tree,fig tree

Leaf, stem, root, fruits

Dysentery, oedema, leprosy, epilepsy, ricketts,emollient,astringent,infertility,increase lactation,respiratory disorders,gonorrhoea.

358

Ficus elegans

Moraceae

Asoro

porcelain vine

Leaves

Diarrhoea, piles, stomach-ache, constipation, craw-craw.

359

Ficus exasperata

Moraceae

Epin, Ewe-ipin

Sand paper tree

Leaves, bark, root, seeds

Stomach disorder, scabies, gonorrhoea, urinary ailments, jaundice,abortifacient,antipyretic.

360

Ficus mucuso

Moraceae

Odan-afomo,Ediso, Obobo,Jan bauree

Fig

Bark of stem

Insomnia

361

Ficus thonningii

Moraceae

Odan abaa,opoto,abaodan ,Guluba

Wild fig,fiddle leaf fig

Bark

Wounds,fevers,dysentery

362

Ficus vallis-choudae

Moraceae

Oguro, Ogunro,Dulu

Umbrella thorn

Leaves, stem, latex

Jaundice, gastro-intestinal disorders,anthelmintic,astringent,skin disorders

363

Ficus vogelii

Moraceae

Oba-Odan

Bark, fruit, latex

Wound, diarrhoea, dysentery, boils

364

Flabellaria paniculata

Malpighiaceae

Iagbo-Iagbo

Leaves

Wounds, cuts

365

Flacourtia flavescens

Flacourtiaceae

Osere

Flacourtia

Leaves, root

Asthma, bronchitis, catarrhal condition,antibacterial,astringent,diaphoretic,antiperiodic,toothach e.

366

Fluerya aestuans

Urticaceae

Fuyafuya,Ipe erin

African nettle

Whole plant

Liver diseases,diuretic, antipyretic,astringent,piles,haemostatic, burns,hair care, pregnancy booster,expels bladder stone

367

Funtumia africana

Apocynaceae

Akoire, Ako-ire Mbamiri

Male funtum

Root, stem, leaves

Constipation, wounds, boils,weak bladder, jaundice,antipyretic.

368

Funtumia elastica

Apocynaceae

Ire ,Mba

Lagos silkrubber tree,wild rubber

Stem, twigs, stem, latex

Jaundice, piles, impotence,antipyretics.

369

Galinsoga parviflora

Compositae

Leaves

Wounds, analgesic

370

Garcinia afzelii

Guttiferae

Okuta

Mangostreen

Stem-twigs

Dysentery.aphrodisiac,oral thrush,toothache

371

Garcinia kola

Guttiferae

Orogbo,Adi,Akuilu

Bitter kola

Seeds, root, stembark,fruits.

Antimicrobials,dysentery, tumours, bronchitis, cough, fever,toothache, throat and respiratory ailments,liver disorders,headache,evacuant, Anti-cancer.

372

Garcinia manni

Guttferae

Okuta, Okok

Root,stem

Diuretic

373

Gardenia ternifolia

Rubiaceae

Gangan, oruwan,Gaudan,Ulimili

Yellow gardenia, gaude.

Roots, fruits

Fever, cough, stomachache, dysentery,skin lesion,emetic

374

Geophila obvallata

Rubiaceae

Leaves

Eye wash, headache, tooth ache, stomachache

375

Gisekia pharmacioides

Molluginaceae

Leaves, fruits

Wounds, cut, anthelmintic, purgative

376

Gladiolus psittacinus

Iridaceae

Baka,isu baka

Sword lily, corn flag

Bulb

Antigonococcal,dysentery,diarrhoea,mental disorder,constipation,mystic use.

377

Gloriosa superba

Liliaceae

Mora, eweaje,akalamagbo,Obara okpa,Baurere

Gloriosa,climbing lily,glory lily

Tubers, leaves

Gonorrhoea, head lice, rheumatism,purgative,antiperiodic,stomachic tonic.

378

Glossonema boveanum

Asclepiadaceae

Taarin-gidaa

Whole plant

Use to increase lactation I pregnant woman.

379

Glycine max

Leguminosae

Ewa

Soya bean

Seeds

Laxative

380

Glycyrrhiza glabra

Leguminosae

Sweet wood,sweet wort, Root liquorice root.

Expectorant, bronchitis, sorethroat, demulcent, emollient, alterative.

381

Glyphaea brevis

Tiliaceae

Atori

Atori, masquerade stick

Stem bark, leaves,stemtwigs

Diarrhoea, fever, respiratory ailment,gonorrhea,wound,toothache,gum infection

382

Gmelina arborea

Verbenaceae

Igi melina

Gmelina,parrot's beak

Roots,leaves

Antipyretic,stomach disorder,cough,gonorrhoea,demulcent

383

Gnidia kraussiana

Thymelaeceae

Mada,sungoje,samberu,tur uribi.

Root, leaves

Skin diseases, leprosy, dysentery, diarrhoea, nasal discharge, purgative.

384

Gomphrena globosa

Amaranthaceae

Bachelor's button, globe amaranth

Whole plant,leaves

Antipyretic,diuretic,astringent,cough,laxative,emmenagogue

385

Gongronema latifolium

Asclepiadaceae

Aunjeadiye, Itaji,Utazi

Amaranth globe

Stem

Sore gums,colic, dyspepsia, anthelmintic.

386

Gossypium barbadense

Malvaceae

Owu,akese,gwandi,Olulu ogho,Owula

West indian Cotton

Leaves, roots, seeds

Convulsions, dysentery,asthma,antipyretic,hypertension, ulcers,contraceptive, relieve menstrual cycle disorders,emmenagogue,abortfacient,ease labour

387

Gouania longipetala

Rhamnaceae

Laghosa

Stem, twigs

Gum infection

388

Greenwayodendron suaveolens

Annonaceae

Agudugbu

Roots,leaves,bark

Anthelmintics,purgative,ease labour,menorrhagia,weak erection..

389

Grewia flavescens

Tiliaceae

Itakun okere,Dargaji

Sand paper raisin,raisin bush,wild raisin

Leaves

Boils, enlarged spleen,aid lactating mother

390

Grewia pubescens

Tiliaceae

Oraigbo

Raisin

Stem, leaves

Dysentery, gastro-intestinal disorder,antidote for snake bite,boils,emollient

391

Grewia sp

Tiliaceae

Ila-oko, lakolako

Fruits

Religious purpose, mystic, soup with okra-like taste

392

Grewia venusta

Tiliaceae

Oraigbo,oro,Dargaza

Raisin

Leaves, twigs, stem bark

Fever, boils, wounds,colic,anti-diarrhoea,ease of labour

393

Griffonia simplicifolia

Leguminosae

Alukoko, Tapara, arin, Olobahun

Griffonia

Roots, leaves

Bone-fracture, congestion,sedative,aphrodisiac,appetite suppressant for weight loss.

394

Guaiacum officinale

Zygophyllaceae

Stem

Diuretic, diaphoretic, urinary disorder

395

Guibourtia copallifera

Leguminosae

Kaluk ofuon

Leaves, roots, fruits, stem Galactogogue, blood booster, rheumatism, gastro-enteritis, exudate dysentery.

396

Guiera senegalensis

Combretaceae

Barbatta,olofun,saabara

Leaves

Skin infection, fever, diarrhoea, dysentery, syphilis, tonic, increase lactation, prevention of leprosy.

397

Gymnema sylvestre

Asclepiadaceae

Whole plants, root

Diabetes, antidote for snake bite.

398

Gymnema sylvestre

Asclepadaceae

Yaryodin-kura

Root, stem

Diabetes, heart stimulant, snake bite, anti-inflammatory, tonic.

399

Gynura amplexicanlis

Asteraceae

Sitta, nti

Leaves

Eye infection, gonorrhoea

400

Haemanthus multiflorus

Amaryllidaceae

Areyinkosun, totoodo,Albasar kwadi

Fireball lily

Roots

Stimulant, cardiac tonic

401

Haematostaphis barteri

Anacardiaceae

Tursuhi,jan danyaa

Stem, bark, roots

Anthelmintic, febrifuge, emetic, tonic,hepatitis, sleeping sickness, diarrhoea.

402

Haematoxylum compechionum

Leguminosae

Logwood

Wood bark

Astringent, diarrhoea, colouring.

403

Hannoa klaineana

Simaroubaceae

Igigun,Oghulu,Takar'dargi Hannoa wa

Stem, root

Hypertension,carminative,stimulant , fever.

404

Harrisonia abyssinica

Simaroubaceae

Arujeran

Harrisonia

Leaves, stem, root

Stomachache, leprosy, antidote, cancerous tumours,bubonic plague,skin diseases,antipyretic,anthelmintics,insomnia

405

Harungana madagascariensis Hypericaceae

Elepo, adenden, Asunje,Uturu,Otori, Alillibar Dragon's blood tree raafii

Stem-bark, root bark, leaves,sap

Dysentery, piles, trypanosomiasis, fever, cold, jaundice, scabies, haemostatic,emetic,black tongue,urinary fistula,ringworm,jaundice

406

Hedranthera barteri

Apocynaceae

Agbo omode

Hedranthera

Leaves,fruit

Convulsion,anthelmintics,venereal diseases,cough,anti-tumour

407

Heeria insignis

Anaradiaceae

Kasheshe,Hawawen Zakii

Leaves, stem bark,roots

Anthemintic, aphrodisiac, galactogogue,dysentery,vermifuge

408

Helianthus annus

Compositae

Ododo-orun

Sunflower

Seeds,leaves

Diuretic,pulmonary disorders,expectorant

409

Heliotropium indicum

Boraginaceae

Agogo-igun, ApariIgun,ogberiakuko,Kalkashin korama

Heliotrope,cock's comb

Whole plant

Convulsions, cancer, worms ,rectal enema,mouth-wash.

410

Hexalobus crispiflorus.

Annonaceae

Lapawe, Apara,Oji ogoda

Hexalous

Roots, whole plant

Gonorrhoea,cough, malaria,

411

Hibiscus acetosella

Malvaceae

Akese

Hibiscus

Leaves

Dysentery

412

Hibiscus asper

Malvaceae

Isapa,Ireagu,Dangiraa

Bush roselle,thorny roselle,water hemp

Leaves

Cough, wound,diuretics

413

Hibiscus rosasinensis

Malvaceae

Kekeke,Ireagu

Garden hibiscus

Leaves, stem, flower buds

Influenza, cough, asthma, tertiary syphilis, stomach upset,appendicitis,hypertension,oligospermia,antipyretic

414

Hibiscus sabdariffa

Malvaceae

Sobo,Gurguzuu

Zobo,Jamaican sorre, roselle

Leaves,flowers

Diuretic,coughs,dressing wounds,beverage

415

Hibiscus surattensis

Malvaceae

Kinkinrinmiyin,akonimara,s eniferan,emo,sinkin-mini

Whole plant,leaves

Stomachache,mystic uses

416

Hildegradia barteri

Sterculiaceae

Okurugbedu,Kariya

Hildegradia

Bark

Epilepsy

417

Hilleria latifolia

Phytolaccaceae

Ogo, tarzan-igbo,zoroigbo,Akaato

Bush tarzan

Leaves,whole plant

Breast cancer,urethral discharge,purgative,headache,anthelmintic,skin diseases

418

Holarrhena floribunda

Apocynaceae

Irena,Bakin mutum

Connessi,false rubber tree,holarrhena

Bark seeds

Dysentery, diarrhea, jaundice, fever,astringent,bilious disorder,anthelmintics

419

Hoslundia opposita

Labiatae

Efinrin-oso,anami-ole,suiitiHoslundia agbe

Whole plant,leaves

Herpes,conjunctivitis,epilepsy,skin diseases,diabetes,jaundice,abdominal pain,antipyretic,haemostatic,antimicrobial, Malaria.

420

Hybanthus enneaspermus

Violaceae

Abiwere

Hybanthus

Whole plant

Easy and painless child delivery.

421

Hygrophila auriculala

Acanthaceae

Mafowo kauruonu bayin giwaa

Whole plant

Blennorrhoea, craw-craw, bacteriostatic, diuretic.

422

Hygrophila auriculata

Acanthaceae

Mafowo kauruonu bayin giwaa

Whole plant

Biennorrhoea, craw-craw, bacteriostatic, diuretic.

423

Hygrophilia auriculata

Acanthaceae

Mafowokanmi

Hygrophilia

Whole plant,roots

Diuretic,skin infections,urinary disorders,antipyretic,demulcent,stomachache

424

Hymenocardia acida

Hymenocardiacae

Aboopa, Orupa

Hymenocardia

Leaves, bark

Measles, fever, jaundice, coated tongue.

425

Hymenostegia afzelii

Leguminosae

Arigbodigbo,arigbodigba,U Hymenostegia beze

Stem bark,twigs

Astringent,toothache,piles,cough

426

Hyoscyamus niger

Solanaceae

Herbane

Seeds, leavs

Antispasmodics, eye-wash, sedative.

427

Hypoestes forskalei

Acanthaceae

Ogbigbo

Hypoestes

Whole plant

Skin infections

428

Hypoestes verticillaris

Acanthaceae

Ekere, Akwukwoijiji

Whole plant leaves

Sore, fever, antiseptic, chest pains.

429

Hypoestes verticillaris

Acanthaceae

Ekere, Akwukwoijiji

Whole plant leaves

Sore, fever, antiseptic, chest pains.

430

Hypoxis nyasica

Hypoxodaceae

Whole Plant

Uterine cancer, premenstrual syndrome.

431

Hyptis suaveloensis

Labiatae

Jogbo,Kimba-kimba

Hyptis

Leaves

Cough,fevers,wounds,anthelmintic,carminative, malaria.

432

Icacina tricantha

Icacinaceae

Gbegbe

Icacina

Leaves,root,exudate

Rheumatism,aphrodisiac,toothache,anthelmintics,purgative,aborti facient,wound,dermatophytosis.

433

Impatiens balsamina

Balsaminaceae

Garden balsam

Whole Plant

Antiseptic,fungicide.

434

Impatiens glandulifera

Balsaminaceae

touch me not

Poor man's orchid,policeman's Sap helmet,purple jewelweed.

topical application on poison ivy rash

435

Indigofera arrecta

Leguminosae

Elu aja

indigo

Leaves, twigs.

Diarrhoea, dysentery.

436

Indigofera macrophylla

Leguminosae

Enise-Ana,Aniyaa makoomiyaa.

Indian-indigo

Leaves

Whooping cough, bronchitis, piles, ulcers, enlargement of spleen and liver,skin diseases.

437

Ipomoea asarifolia

Convolvulaceae

Ogbo oro ayaba, ewegboro,Duman kadaa

Morning glory

Whole plant, leaves, flowers

Haemorrhage, urinary problem,purgative,syphilis.

438

Ipomoea batatas

Convolvulaceae

Odunkun, anamo,kunkundukun,Dank Sweet potato ali,Ekomako,Jioyibo

Leaves,tuber.

Boils, wounds, bronchial asthma,purgative,breast swelling,diabetes,antimicrobials.

439

Ipomoea fistulosa

Convulvulaceae

Omo-ureuebo

Bush morning glory

Leaves, twigs

Toothache, mouthwash.

440

Ipomoea involucrata

Convolvulaceae

Ododo-odo,ododooko,alukerese,Duman kwaadii

Morning glory

Leaves

Convulsions,purgative,eye drops,asthma,arthritis,antipyretic,yellow fever,filariasis,gynaecological diseases,gonorrhoea.

441

Ipomoea mauritiana

Convolvulaceae

Atewogba, Tanpopo

Bush morning glory

Whole plant

Rheumatism, asthma, dropsy.

442

Irvingia gabonensis

Irvingiaceae

Oro (Ogbono),Gooron birii Wild mango,bread tree

Leaves

Spleen Infection.

443

Isolana campanulata

Anacardiaceae

Aghakeze

Roots, stem-bark

Bronchial infections, skin diseases, cough, hematuria, fever, bilharzia, tonic, rheumatism

444

Isolona campanulata

Annonaceae

Aghako-eze

Stem bark

Fever, cough, bitharzu

445

Jacaranda spp

Bignoniaceae

Jacaranda

Bark, leaves

Venereal diseases, spleen tonic.

446

Jasminum pauciflonum

Common Jasmine

Whole plant, leaves, flowers

Anthelmintic, toothache, diuretic, antifungal wounds, abscess in breast

447

Jateorhiza macrantha

Menispermaceae

Atutu

Jateorhiza,calumba

Leaves, roots,stem

Antidote to snake bite, ulcers, wounds, cuts, tonic,aphrodisiac

448

Jateorhiza Palmate

Menispermaceae

Atutu

Root bark, leaves, whole plant

Hypertension, dysentery, anthelmintic, tonic, fever, stomachic

449

Jatropha curcas

Euphorbiaceae

Botuje, lapalapa,Zugu,Olulu -idu

Physic nut

Seed, leaves, stem, roots,sap

Ringworm, eczema,scabies, fever, guinea worms, herpes,rectal enema,black tongue,whitlow,impotence,irregular menses,convulsion,smallpox

450

Jatropha gossypiifolia

Euphorbiaceae

Botuje pupa,Binidi zugu,Ake mbogho

Wild Cassava

Stem latex

Ringworm, ascaris, antitumour,malaria,dysentery,dysmenorrhoea.

451

Jatropha multifida

Euphorbiaceae

Ogege

Sap

Coated tongue

452

Jubernardia seretii

Legumonosae

Roots

Conjunctivitis.

453

Jussiaea linifoliio

Onagraceae

Bini-sensen

Leaves

Malaria.

454

Justicia flava

Acanthaceae

Odian, Oridun

Bankas

Whole plant

Fungal skin diseases,malaria,stomach disorder,haematuria

455

Justicia insularis

Acanthaceae

Isepe-akere

Whole plant

Measles,smallpox.

456

Kaempfena nigerica

Zingiberaceae

Resurrection lily

Rhizome

Mental disorder, hallucinogenic agent

457

Kalanchoe crenata

Crassulaceae

Odundun, Eti,eleti,Onwa

Never die, Dog’s Liver,kalanchoe

Smallpox, convulsion, gonorrhoea, rheumatism,ear problem, Leaves, roots,whole plant chronic cough, headache,wounds,asthma,palpitation,mental disorder,anthelmintics.

458

Khaya ivorensis

Meliaceae

Oganwo,Ono,Madachi

African mahogany

Stem, root, barks

Malaria, Jaundice,anthelmintic,emetic,emmenagogue,skin diseases,anaemia,arthritis

459

Kigelia africana

Bignoniaceae

Pandoro,iyan,Rawuya,Utu Sausage tree rubein

Root, stem bark, fruits, leaves

Kidney disorders, malaria, dysentery, rheumatism,gonorrhoea.,haemorrhage,spleen infection,astringent,leucorrhoea,cough.

460

Klainedoxa gabonensis

Irvingiaceae

Kanakoro,odudu

Klainedoxa

Bark,seeds

Measles,yaws,skin diseases,thrush,venereal diseases,chickenpox,toothache,stomachic

461

Kolobopetalum auriculatum

Menispermaceae

Whole plant

Relieve pains.

462

Lactuca capensis

Compositae

Yanrin-oko,Namijin dayi

Lettuce

Leaves, whole plant

Diuretic, constipation.

463

Lagenaria breviflorus

Cucurbitaceae

Eso-ito, eso-itagiri,tagiri

Pseudocolocynth

Root, fruit

Purgative, anthelmintics, cathartic,lumbago,diabetes mellitus,smallpox,chickenpox, abortifaecient.

464

Lagenaria siceraria

Cucurbitaceae

Ado,Oba,Duma,

Bottle gourd

Leaves, seeds, fruit pup

Anthelmintic properties, chest pains,purgative

465

Lagerstroemia speciosa

Lythraceae

Queen crape-myrtle

Leaves,ripe fruits

Antidiabetic,stimulant

466

Laggera alata

Compositae

Agemo-kogun, eru-taba

Laggera

Leaves, roots, sap

Fever, rheumatic pains, pneumonia, emmenagogue, tapeworms,convulsion.

467

Laggera aurita

Compositae

Taba-ebora, Eru-taba

Whole plant

Malaria, Gastro-intestinal disorder, astringent, insect-repellant, convulsion.

468

Landolphia dulcis

Apocynaceae

Ibo

Sweet landolphia

Roots,stem

Rheumatism,cough,kidney diseases

469

Landolphia owariensis

Apocynaceae

Panukuru,Ci'woo,nwalikali, Vine rubber,rubber vine, Fresh leaves, roots, seed, Malaria fever, gonorrhoea,vermifuge Oto ciwo. bark

470

Lannea nigritana

Anacardaceae

Orita,oyinyin

Wodier wood

Leaves, root bark,exudate.

Sprains, gout, dysentery, asthma, bruises.rheumatic joint,astringent,neurotic disorders,skin diseases.

471

Lantana camara

Verbenaceae

Ewon - Agogo,Kimbar

Bush lantana, shrub verbena,lantana.

Leaves

Fever,antiseptic,antispasmodic,antipyretic

472

Lasiodiscus mildbraedi

Rhamnaceae

Ogan-funfun

Stem

Oral hygiene

473

Lasiosiphon kraussianus

Thymeloceae

Leaves, root

Burns, purgative, snakebite

474

Launaea taraxacifolia

Compositae

Yanrin, Yamurin,Nonanbarya

Wild lettuce

Leaves

Yaws, Fracture management.

475

Lawsonia inermis

Lythraceae

Lali , Laali.Lallee

Hennaplant

Leaves, flowers,bark

Spermatorrhoea, jaundice, gonorrhoea, leucorrhoea, ulcers, menorrhagia,astringent,skin diseases, malaria.

476

Lecaniodiscus cupanioides

Sapindaceae

Akika,Okpu,Kekera kuchi,Kaafi naamaa zaakii

lecaniodiscus

Leaves,roots,young shoots,seeds,stembark

Fevers,burns,liver abscess,purgative,amenorrhoea,typhoid fever,jaundice,cough, malaria.

477

Leea guineensis

Leeaceae

Kojiya,aledo,alugbokita, iya-keke-gbodo

Hansidhapan,leea

Leaves,roots,seeds.

Pregnancy detection,purgative,toothache,gonorrhoea,general weakness.

478

Leersia hexrandra

Poaceae

Abeko

Leersia

Leaves

Asthma,bronchitis,chest pains

479

Leonotis nepetifolia

Labiatae

Agberulori,iku ekun

Lion's ears,lion's tail

Leaves,roots

Wound,skin diseases,emmenagogue,purgative,anthelmintic,tonic

480

Leptadenia hastata

Rubiaceae

Iran-aji-igbo

Leptadenia

Root, leaves, flowers

Antimicrobials, antispasmodic

481

Leptochloa coenilescins

Poaceae

Gyasua

Whole plant

Bathing of newborn

482

Leptogramma pillosiusaila

Thelyptoidacea

Rhizome

Diabetes, obesity

483

Leucaena glauea

Leguminosae

Seeds

Stimulant, tonic..

484

Leucas martinicensis

Labiatae

Keke-owu

Leaves

Snake antidote

485

Leucena leucocephala

Leguminosae

Lead tree, wild tamarind, Leaves, seeds. jumpy bean

Antimicrobial, blood tonic.

486

Lippia multiflora

Verbenaceae

Efinrin-gogoro,efinrinforomaba

Sweetleaf

Whole plant

Hypertension,cough,antipyretic,jaundice,sleeping sickness

487

Lobelia molleri

Lobeliaceae

Whole plant

Antispasmodic and antileptic

488

Lonchocarpus cyanescens

Leguminosae

Elu,Talaki,Nji,Anunu

West. African indigo

Root, bark, leaves

Arthritic conditions, sore, mental disorders,boils,anthelmintics,antimicrobial.

489

Lonchocarpus sericeus

Leguminosae

Ipapo,alakiriti,Njassi,Faki

Dotted lancepod,lilac tree

Roots, bark

Convulsion, skin diseases,laxative

490

Lonicera caprifolum

Caprifoliaceae

Honey suckle

Leaves and flowers

Respiratory disorder, expectorant, liver disorder.

491

Lophira alata

Ochnaceae

Eki, Pahan,uda,Kujeme,Akufo

Ironwood ,ekki,meni oil tree,nambanchi

Root, barks, leaves, seeds

Fever, coughs, jaundice, gastrointestinal disorders.

492

Lovoa trichilioides

Meliaceae

Okoko-igbo, Epo-ipa.

Walnut

Stem bark

Yellow fever, cough, stomachache,anthelmintic

493

Ludwigia suffruticosa

Onagraceae

Ako ewuro odo

Water primrose

whole plant

Purgative,wounds,fevers,anthelmintics,cough

494

Luffa cylindrica

Cucurbitaceae

Aya-oyinbo,kankan oyinbo Smooth loafah,vegetable Roots ,kankan ayaba sponge

Purgative,tonic

495

Lycopersicon esculentum

Solanaceae

Tomati,Afufa,Tumaatur

Tomato

Leaves, fruit

Ear-ache, urinary troubles,carminative,fever,boils,fungal infections,antimicrobial.

496

Lycopodium cernuum

Lycopodiaceae

Kujekuje

Creeping club Moss,Lycopodiella cernua

Whole plant

Malaria, newborn skin management .

497

Macaranga barteri

Euphorbiaceae

Asasa, awasa,agbaasa,Owariwa

Macaranga

Stem bark, leaves

Dysentery, cough, boils, bruises, black tongue,breast engorgement,irregular menstruation,urinary disorder.

498

Maesa lanceolata

Myrsinaceae

Leaves

Antimicrobial

499

Maesopsis eminii

Rhomnaceae

Igilogbon

Leaves

Diluretic, emetic, purgative.

500

Mallotus cordifolia

Euphorbiaceae

Ebewosa

Leaves

Malaria.

501

Mallotus oppositifolius

Euphorbiaceae

Oju-eja, Jeja,iyadudu,orokoro,Kpokokwa,K' Indian kamila afar mutuwa

Leaves, roots, fruits.

Tapeworms, ringworm, pimples, bruises,astringent,anthelmintic,tonic,haemostatic.

502

Mammea africana

Guttiferae

Ologbomodu,Ekpili

Mammea apple

Root bark, stemexudate,fruit,bark.

Parasitic skin diseases, syphilis,convulsion,dysmenorrhoea..

503

Mangifera indica

Anacardaceae

Mangoro,Mangwaro,mang Mango tree olo

Leaves, root, stem bark

Malaria, diarrhoea, diabetes, skin lesions, high blood pressure, haemorrhage,emmenagogue,insomnia,insanity,anthelmintics,anti microbials,astringent,asthma,cough

504

Manihot esculenta

Euphorbiaceae

Gbaguda, Ege,Akpu,K'araza

Cassava

Leaves, tubers,stem bark

Gonorrhoea, purgative,ulcer,eye drop,schistosomiasis,toothache.

505

Manniophytum fuluum

Euphorbiaceae

Ege, Ebumen

Root, shoots

Bronchitis, cough, gonorrhoea, stomacharche.

506

Mansonia altissima

Sterculiaceae

Ofun, Otutu

Mansonia

Stem bark

Constipation, leprosy.,aphrodisiac

507

Mareya spicata

Euphorbiaceae

Uhosa

Mareya

Leaves,fruits, stem bark

Skin diseases,cough,purgative,antipyretic,abortifacient, tapeworms

508

Mariscus alternifolius

Cyperaceae

Ranransa, Ikeregun,alubosa eranko

Mariscus

Stem-bases

Gonorrhoea, healing wound

509

Markhamia tomentosa

Bignoniaceae

Iru aya,aya

Bell bean tree

Leaves

Elephantiasis of scrotum,fevers,oedema,rheumatic pains,thrush, malaria.

510

Marsdenia abyssinica

Ascelepiadaceae

Bark

Gonorrhoea

511

Marsderua latifolia

Asclepiadaceae

Root, stem bark, fruits, leaves

Heart disease digezstive disorders.

512

Massularia acuminata

Rubiaceae

Pako-Ijebu

Ijebu chewing stick

Root, stem bark

Aphrodisiac, lumbago, cough, mental sickness.,anticariogenic

513

Matricaria recutita

Compositae

African chamomile

Flower

Analgesic, diarrhoea, antiinflammatory, antispasmodic

514

Mauclea vanderguchnii

Rubiaceae

Opepe-ira/Oro

Stem, bark, roots

Bathing sick child

515

Meerua crassifolia

Capparidaceae

Twigs

Toothache, oral hygiene.

516

Melaleuca leucadendron

Myrtaceae

Cajuput

Leaves

Rheumatic, gouts, eczema, inflammatory disease of the respiratory tract and UTI colic flatulence.

517

Melanthera scadens

Compositae

Abo-yunyun, Agbugbo

Melanthera

Leaves, roots, stems

Haemostatic, inflammation, chicken pox, purgative, cough, sorethroat.

518

Melanthra brownei

Compositae

Leaves

Hemostatic agent, opthalmias, purgative.

519

Melia azedarach

Meliaceae

Eke-oyinbo, Aforooyinbo,Kumar nasaaara

Persian liliac,pride of India,chinaberry

Bark, kernels, leaves

Anti-syphilitic, boils, skin diseases, antihelmintic

520

Melicia excelsa

Meliaceae

Iroko,Oji

Iroko tree

Root, latex, bark

Elephantiasis, antiseptic, nausea,rheumatism,insomnia,abdominal pain, malaria.

521

Mentha piperata

Lamiaceae

Mintii

Peppermint

Whole plant

Mouth wash,stomachache,chestpains, respiratory infections.

522

Meptunia oleracea

Leguminosae

Galajin ruwa

Whole plant

Yellow fever

523

Mesua Ferrea

Guttiferae

Iron wood tree

Bark, flower, fruist, seed

Genito-urinary infection, rheumatic pain, skin infetion, dysentery, cough, vomitting, dysentery, tonic.

524

Mezoneuron benthamianum

Leguminosae

Jenifinrani, amuranju

Leaves, stem twigs, roots Gonorrhoea, urethral dischage, anthelmintic.

525

Microdesmis puberula

Euphorbiaceae

Ido-apata, Esunsun,edopata,urokoapata,aringo,Ukperi

Microdesmis

Bark, seeds, leaves

Diarrhoea, dysentery, impotence,enema,wound,eye-drop.

526

Microglossa abzelii

Compositae

Leaves, stem

Tuberculosis, respiratory disease, cough, sorethroat, arachie.

527

Microglossa pyrifolia

Compositae

Leaves, root

Antipyretic, yellow fever, aphrodisiac, abortifctant, tooache, base labour.

528

Microglossa pyrifolia

Compositae

Asibogo

Leaves, whole plant

Anthelmintic, Aphrodistac, yellow fever, colds, filariasis, toothache, abortifacient.

529

Mikania cordata

Compositae

Iyawa,ejon

Climbing hemp-weed

Leaves, sap,whole plant

Cough, bronchitis, anthelmintics, lumbago, rheumatic pains,urethritis,diuretic, malaria, conjunctivitis, schistosomiasis, jaundice, small-pox.

530

Milletia zechiera

Legumonsae

Nousu ufo

Leaves, stem bark

Upper respiratory tact diseases, sorethroat, pains.

531

Millettia thonningii

Leguminosae

Ito,Tuburku,Ajukwu okeokpa

Milletia

Roots, bark

Fever, cough, respiratory ailment,anthelmintic,ophthalmia

532

Mimosa pigra

Mimosaceae

Ewon agogo,Gumbi

Catclaw Mimosa

Leaves, seeds

Febrile convulsion

533

Mimosa pudica

Mimosaceae

Patanmo,aluro

Sensitive plant,shame plant

Leaves

Guinea worms piles, kidney disease,fistula,boils

534

Mimusops kummel

Sapotaceae

Emido,Uku

Bullet wood

Stem bark, seeds

Antipyretic,astringent, mouth wash,stomachic

535

Mirabilis jalapa

Nyctaginaceae

Tanaposo,aje onisu,Giyeya,Uburu mili

Four 0' clock plant,marvel of peru

Roots,leaves

Wounds,purgative

536

Mitracarpus scaber

Rubiaceae

Irawo ile,irawo ale,googa maaso

Mitracarpus,button grass Whole plant

Fungal diseases,wounds,ulcers

537

Mitragyna inermis

Rubiaceae

Okobo,Giyeya

African Linden

Bark

Dysentery, leprosy,antipyretic,diuretic,gonorrhoea.

538

Mitragyna stipulosa

Rubiaceae

Abura, EweObi,Uburu,Gayensori

Mitragyna,African linden Leaves, stem, roots

Fever, cough, dysentery, pregnancy diseases,colic,skin diseases,anthelmintics

539

Mollugo nudicaulis

Molluginaceae

Kujekuje,Ankwai narba

Chick weed(daisyleaved)

Whole plant

Whooping cough,vermifuge

540

Mollugo oppositifolius

Molluginaceae

Sawewe

Whole plant

Antimicrobial,caries,stomachic,headache

541

Momordica angustisepala

Cucurbitaceae

Ejirin-nla

Stem

Antimicrobial.

542

Momordica charantia

Cucurbitaceae

Ejinrinwere,Alo-ose, Kakayi

African Cucumber, bitter Whole plant, seeds, fruit gourd,balsam pear root

Diabetes, piles, convulsions, jaundice, sore,nervous disorders,diabetic recipe,emetic,night blindness,aphrodisiac,dysmenorrhoea,anthelmintic,antimicrobials

543

Momordica foetida

Cucurbitaceae

Ejirin - lila,Hakayi,Alu-osi

Large-leaved African bitter cucumber

Leaves, fruit

Diabetes, stomach-ache,laxative,anthelmintic

544

Mondia whitei

Periplocaceae

Isirigun, Gbolo-gbolo, Aghuma

Mondi

Root, leaves, whole plant. Pile, malaria, rubefacient.

545

Monodora brevipes

Annonaceae

Ako-lakose

Fruit, roots, stem

Venereal diseases, purgative, urethral stricture.

546

Monodora myristica

Annonaceae

Abo-lakoshe,Ariwo,Ehuru

Calabash nutmeg

Seeds

Constipation, lice, guinea worm, headache,anaemia,impotence,wounds,arthritis.

547

Monodora tenuifolia

Anacardiaceae

Ehina-wo sinin

ruits, leaves, root

Antihaemorrhage, dysentery, Parasitic skin diseases, toothache.

548

Monsonia senegalensis

Geraniaceae

Oil

Emmenagogue

549

Morelia senegalensis

Rubiaceae

Dandojee,Akule,Inuwar bauna

Morelia

Stem

Fever, general debility,fish poison.

550

Morinda lucida

Rubiaceae

Oruwo, eruwo,Eze ogu ,Njisi

Brimstone-tree

Leaves, stem bark, root bark

Malaria, diabetes, heart diseases,purgative,emetic,diuretic,jaundice,flatulence, Anticancer.

551

Morinda morindioides

Rubiaceae

Oju-Ologbo

Morinda

Root, bark, leaves, fruit

Fever, jaundice, asthma, dysentery,colic,emmenagogue,vermifuge,constipation

552

Moringa oleifera

Moringaceae

Ewe-ile, EweHorse radish tree, igbale,zogale,Okweoyeibe, Moringa tree, “Never Bagaaruwar makka die” ,drumstick tree

Inflammatory diseases, asthma,antipyretic, cough, earache, liver Leaves, roots, stem bark, and pancreas diseases, venereal fruit diseases,emetic,anthelmintic,hysteria,diarrhoea,diuretic,catarrhal diseases.

553

Morus mesozygia

Moraceae

Agbagba,uraye, eweaye,aye, aremo

Morus,aiye

Leaves

Mystic properties,for bathing newborns,sedative.

554

Mostuea Thomsoni

Loganlaceae

Roots

Aphrodislac, Use for controlling high blood pressure.

555

Mucuna pruriens

Leguminosae

Werepe, Esisi,Abbala,Kakara

Cow-hage,cow-itch plant,velvet bean

Hairs on the pods

Intestinal worms,genito-urinary diseases.

556

Mucuna sloanei

Leguminosae

Ewe-ina,werepe, yerepe esinsin,Kakara,osese

Stinging Bean

Seeds,roots

Haemorrhoids, diuretics,micturition problems in children,skin diseases.

557

Mukia maderaspatana

Cucurbitaceae

Ina-oka, Oki-oka, Igbokita. Mukia

Shoot, leaves,roots,exudate.

Cough,flatulence,aperient, amoebiasis, wound-dressing, toothache,mental disorders, neuralgia.

558

Mundulea Sericera

Leguminosae

Root

Antiparasitic

559

Murraya Koenigii

Rultaceae

Ebafo

Curry leaf tree

Leaves, Bark, Root

Dysentery, Fever, diarrhoea, herpes pains, stimulant.

560

Musa paradisiaca

Musaceae

Ogede agbagba,Ayaba,Ojioko,Og Plaintain adejoioke

Leaves, roots, fruits

Diarrhoea, dysentery, epilepsy, wounds, goiter, gonorrhoea,anaemia, venereal diseases,haemostatic,diabetes,anthelmintics,abortifacient,oligos permia, malaria.

561

Musa sapientum

Musaceae

Ogede were,Agade

Banana

Leaves,fruits

Jaundice,mental disorders,typhoid fever,diarrhoea, malaria.

562

Musanga cecropioides

Moraceae

Aga, Agbawo,Oro

Corkwood,umbrella tree

Roots, exudate, leaves,bark

Tapeworms, dysentery, fevers,anthelmintic,cough

563

Mussaenda elegans

Rubiaceae

Ado,odo-omode,pani ebi,Ezebwo

Mussaenda

Bark

Astringent

564

Myriantus arboreus

Moraceae

Obisere,eweade,ibishere,Ujuju

Myriantus

Bark

Dysentery,anthelmintics,cough,antitumour

565

Napoleona imperialis

Lecythidaceae

Irosun-igbo, Irosun,Akbodo,Mabungi,N Napoleona nekeloche

Twigs

Asthma, cough,toothache

566

Napoleona vogelii

Lecythidaceae

Ito, Gbogbori,Akbodo

Napoleona

Leaves, bark, seeds, twigs, fruit, root

Diabetes, fever, cough, catarrh.

567

Nauclea diderrichii

Rubiaceae

Opepe,Uburu,Tafashiya

Opepe,African peach tree

Root, stem bark, fruit

Gonorrhoea, antimalaria, appetizer, piles,dyspepsia, rheumatism, dysentery,febrifuge

568

Nauclea latifolia

Rubiaceae

Egbesi, Gberesi,Tafashiya rkura Nauclea,African peach ukora,Igiyaa,Nwaohuakon shi

Inner bark,stem sap,roots,fruits,root-bark

Cough,febrile conditions,thrush,jaundice,piles,emetic,menstrual disorders,stomach disorders,measles,sore

569

Nelsonia compestria

Acanthaceae

Damdun-Makiyaya

Leaves, juice, twigs

Yellow fever, eye inflammation, diarrhoea, schistosomiasis.

570

Neostenanthera-myristicifolia

Annonaceae

Uyenghen-eze

Leaves

Tumor of the nose, anthelmintic

571

Nephrolepsis bisserata

Nephrolepidaceae

Iramu,owuro

Fern

Whole plant, root

Pregnancy booster,dysmenorrhoea toothache.

572

Nerium oleander

Apocynaceae

Adodo

Oleander

Leaves,whole plant,roots

Dysentery,anthelmintics,cough,antitumour,abortifacient,skin diseases,pile.

573

Nesogordonia papaverifera

Sterculiaceae

Opepe-ira/Oro,Otalo

Danta

Twigs

Dysentery, toothache,pregnancy booster.

574

Newbouldia laevis

Bignoniaceae

Akoko,Ogirisi,Aduruku

Tree of life, fertility tree

Bark, leaves, root

Round worms, elephantiasis, dysentery, malaria, convulsions, migraine,cough,yellow fever, stomach-ache, hernia,infertility, earache.

575

Nicotiana tabacum

Solanaceae

Ewe taba,Otaba,taba

Tobacco

Leaves

Ringworm, cold, convulsions, ulcers, nausea,anthelmintic.

576

Nymphaea lotus

Nymphaeceae

Osibata,Bado,Mkpokpome Water lily re

Whole plant

Vomiting,astringent,antiseptic,demulcent,sedative,rheumatic pains, Anti-tumour.

577

Ocimum basilicum

Labiatae

Efinrinwewe,daidoya,Nchanwu

Sweet and Hairy basil

Whole plant

Gonorrhoea, catarrhal conditions, cough, constipation, dysentery, ringworm,carminative,stimulant,hypertension,anthelmintics,antipyr etic,blood tonic.

578

Ocimum gratissimum

Labiatae

Efinrin-nla,efinrinaja,oromoba,Daidoya, Nchanwu

Tea bush,balsam,basil

Leaves, whole plant

Cough, diarrhea, convulsions, fever, cold, bronchitis,colic ,insect repellant,antimicrobials,anthelmintics,hypertension,hypertension,d iabetes,piles, Antibacteria.

579

Olax subscorpioidea

Olacaceae

Ifon,masepe,Igbulu,Gwano Olax,stink ant forest rafi,Gwaanon raafii

Roots, leaves, stem, bark, Yellow fever, jaundice, guinea worm, venereal diseases,mental twigs disorders,toothache.

580

Oldelandia corymbosa

Rubiaceae

Oyigi,Raatsa-hanji

Oldelandia

Whole plant

Antipyretic, ease labour, nervous disorders,haemostatic, venereal disorders, antidote to snake venom

581

Olyra latifolia

Poaceae

Iye-etu,Ami

Olyra

Seeds,roots,leaves

Anthelmintics,scabies,filariasis,cough,chest pain,enhances fertility

582

Oncoba spinosa

Flacourtiaceae

Gbonsere, Panisa, Ponsere,Kookoocikoo

Snuff-box tree,fried-egg Roots, leaves tree

Cough, cold, sore throat, wounds

583

Opilia celtidifolia

Opiliaceae

Koyin-solorun,Inuwar gadaa

Opilia

Roots,stem

Anthelmintics,purgative,diuretic.

584

Opuntia dillenii

Cactaceae

Oro-agogo

Prickly pear

Stem,fruits,exudate.

Guinea worms,abscesses, gonorrhoea, asthma, whooping cough,purgative,astringent.

585

Ouratea flava

Ochnaceae

Nkanka

Ochna

Leaves, fruits

Laxative,vitamins

586

Oxalis corniculata

Oxalidaceae

Jeenu benu, Patanmo,Oneko,Tsuku

Yellow oxalis,wood sorrel Leaves

Fever, dysentery,warts, boils.

587

Oxyanthus tubiflorus

Rubiaceae

Osodun,Ezelugbogan

Afroloquat

Whole plant

Fever,antiscorbutic,biliousness,warts,opacity,toothache

588

Pachira glabra

Bombacaceae

Epa-boro

Guinea peanut,lucky tree Bark,leaves,seeds

Stomach disorders,headache, blood tonic

589

Pachypodanturum staudtii

Annonaceae

Ntoko neto

Pepper tree

Stem, bark, roots

Gastro-intestinal pains, headache, chest pains, verifuge

590

Palisota hirsuta

Commelinaceae

Jagborokun,rogboPalisota aguntan,Atolo,Ikpere aturu

Roots,leaves,stem-twigs.

Anaemia, dysentery,cough,toothache,gonorrhoea.

591

Pallaea schweinfurthii

Adeantaceae

Cliff-brake fem

Rhizome

Sore gums, mouth cankery.

592

Pancratium trianthum

Liliaceae

Alubosa-Oloko,Hatsin manoomaa

Pancratium lily

Bulb

Visual hallucination,convulsion,cold.

593

Parinari curatellaefolia

Rosaceae

Abo-idofun,Rura

Rough-skinned plum

Roots,leaves,bark

Skin infections,antipyretic,anthelmintics,nervous disorders,cough

594

Parinari macrophylla

Rosaceae

Gwasa,putu,Rura

Neou oil tree,ginger bread plum

Kernels,fruits

Malaria,skin infections,anthelmintic,antibacterial,cough,purgative,cardiac tonic,eye diseases,astringent.

595

Parkia biglobosa

Leguminosae

Igba, Igi-iru Dadawa,Ogirili,Dorowa

West African locust bean, Dadawa tree

Leaves, bark, seeds, fruit Tonic, wounds, malaria, diabetes,high blood pressure,mental pulp disorders,astringent,intestinal disorders,obesity,anti-tumour.

596

Paropsia guineansis

Passsfloraceae

Akapue, koropo

Roots

Toothache

597

Parquetina nigrescens

Periplocaceae

Ogbo

African parquetina

Leaves,latex,bark,roots

Gonorrhea,skin diseases,menstrual disorders,cardiac tonic,dysentery, Blood tonic.

598

Passiflora foetida

Passifloraceae

Nine-nine,Ahe enyi

Stinking passion flower

Roots,leaves,fruits

Hypertension,cough,emmenagogue,antispasmodic,sedative.

599

Paullinia pinnata

Sapindaceae

Kakansenla, ObiOmode,Isu-omode,Itakun- Hippo cola, five okere,Ogberifingers,water cola akuko,Yatsabiyar

Leaves, seeds, roots

Sore throat, leprosy, jaundice, menstrual disorder, sore throat, black tongue,ophthalmia,dysentery,haemostatic agent,astringent.aphrodisiac, malaria.

600

Paulowilhelnua polyspernia

Acantuaceae

Leaves

Guineaworm

601

Pedalium murex

Pedialiaceae

Whole plant, fruits

Gonorrhoea, diuretic, demulcant, spermatorrhoea, dysurin, enlarged spleen.

602

Penianthus zenicem

Menispermaceae

Twigs, root

Aphrodisias, wounds, oral hygiene.

603

Pennisetum purpureum

Poaceae

Esu-funfun,eesu,esusunElephant grass funfun,Achara,Dawarkada

Whole plant

Gastro-intestinal disorders,diuretic,mumps

604

Pentaclethra macrophylla

Leguminosae

Apapa, Pala,pakala,Ugba

Africa Oil bean tree

Leaves, bark, root

Fever, stomachache, appetizer, general weakness,anthelmintics,sore,jaundice.

605

Pentadesma butyracea

Guttiferae

Orogbo erin,iroro,Oze

Butter tree,tallow tree

Seeds

Anthelmintic

606

Peperomia pellucida

Piperaceae

Rinrin, renren

Sumlako, silver bush

Whole plant

Convulsions, wounds,mental disorders,hypertension

607

Pergularia daemia

Asclepiadaceae

Atufa, Oju-Kokarun,Utaezi Pergularia

Leaf, twigs, root bark, stem

Rheumatism, intestinal worms, piles, catarrhal diseases,crawcraw,coughs,emmenagogue,smallpox,mental disorder,skin diseases,diarrhoea, eye infection.

608

Pericopsis laxiflora

Leguminosae

Ayan, sedu, egbin,Bafini

Pericopsis

Bark

Oedema,antitumour.

609

Persea americana

Lauraceae

Pia, apoka,Ubebekee,Ube Avocado pear oyinbo

Leaves, fruits,seeds

Hypertension,malaria,insomnia,gastro-intestinal disorders

610

Petersianthus macrocarpus

Lecythidaceae

Akasun, Upi

Stinkwood

Stem twigs

Chronic bronchitis,lumbago,headache.

611

Petiveria alliacea

Phytolaccaceae

Awogba

Anamu

Whole plant,leaves,root

All purpose herb for cancer,antimicrobial,diabetes,stroke,diuretic,sedative,abortifacie nt,analgesic,anthelmintics,cough,insecticide,snake repellant.

612

Petroselinum crispum

Apiaceae

Pasili

Parsley

Whole plant

Carminative,stimulant,Vitamin C,emmenagogue,asthma,diuretic,antipyretic,conjunctivitis,jaundic e.

613

Phaseolus vulgaris

Leguminosae

Awuje, Eree,Wake

Kidney bean

Seeds

Antifungal,skin diseases

614

Phaulopsis falcisepala

Acanthaceae

Apa-Ogbe

Phaulopsis

Whole plant

Wounds, skin parasite, laxative, aphrodisiac

615

Philoxerus vermiculatus

Amaranthaceae

Amarante bond

Leaves

Hernia pains, fever, inflammation.

616

Phoenix dactylifera

Palmae

Okun, Ekikun,Kijinjiri

Date palm

Fruits, sap,leaves

Genito-urinary disorders, cough, asthma, fever, gonorrrhoea,demulcent

617

Phyllanthus amarus

Euphorbiaceae

Eyin-olobe,ehinbinisowo, yoloba,Geron-tsuntsaye

Phyllanthus,amarus plant Whole plant

Gonorrhoea, genito-urinary diseases,asthma,diabetes,typhoid fever, jaundice, stomach-ache, dysentery,ringworm, hypertension.

618

Phyllanthus muellerianus

Euphorbiaceae

Arunjeran, Asasa,egunguneja,eegunMyrobalan eja,Kumcii,Egueza

Whole plant

Jaundice, skin diseases,antimicrobials, stomach problems, fever, cough,insomnia,dysentery.

619

Physalis angulata

Solanaceae

Koropo, papo,Putu,Matsarmana

Ground angular cherry

Whole plant

Fever, asthma, diarrhoea, throat swelling,infertility, malaria.

620

Physostigma venosum

Leguminosae

Isho,Esgerem

Chopnut, Calabar bean, ordeal bean

Seeds

Glaucoma, antidote to atropine and strychnine poison, contraction of pupils,jiggers,poison.

621

Phytolacca dodecandra

Phytolaccaceae

Dere, Osun-erin.

Elephant tree,allspice,pokeberry,g Young leaves,twig arget,scoke

Bilharzia,purgative,emetic,vermifuge

622

Picralima nitida

Apocynaceae

Erin, eso abere,Osu igwe

Picralima

Root, seeds,bark

Fever, dysmenorrhoea, hypertension, herpes, diabetes,anthelmintics, malaria.

623

Piliostigma reticulatum

Leguminosae

Abafe,Kargoo

Piliostigma, kargo

Leaves, pods, stem twigs, Fever, ulcer, rheumatism, cough, toothroots ache,hookworms,diuretic,diabetes

624

Piper guineense

Piperaceae

Iyere, Ataiyere,Ozeza,Masooroo

Climbing black pepper

Fruits, leaves,seeds

Herbal recipe ingredient, rheumatism,antipyretic, anti-emetic, stomachache, mental illness,anthelmintic,carminative,impotence,antimicrobials,hyperten sion

625

Piper nigrum

Piperaceae

Black pepper White peper

Fruit

Diuretic, carminative, aromatic, diaphoretic, piles, diarrhoea, boils, Rheumatic, pains, toothache, emmenagogue antiperiodic.

626

Piper umbellatum

Piperaceae

Ewe efon, iwere

Wild pepper

leaves, root, fruits

Rheumatism, inflammatory tumours, carmative,diuretic,emmenagogue,pile,urinary disorders

627

Piptadeniastrum africanum

Leguminosae

Agbonyin,Ufi,Kiriya kurmi

Dahoma

Stem twigs,leaves

Purgative,headache,toothache,enema,cardiac tonic,irregular menstruation,coated tongue.

628

Pisoria aculeata

Neyctaginaceae

Leaf,stem twigs

Venereal diseases, rheumatic, pains.

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