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( 163113)

, , ,

,
,

vk
,
vk = 0165m/ s

, m2 / s ;
q

, m3/ s

, t = 10
= 113 10 - 6 m2/ s ,
30 50 , ( 1100 0170 )
10 - 6m2 / s , ,


( 1) ( 2) :

, , i
, ,
, i
( 1) ( 2) ( 3) ( 1)
( 2) ( 3)

( )

vk = 912 10
5

(3)

vk ( m/ s) 1

1 vk ( m/ s)

, , ,

1130

1120

1110

1100

0190

0180

0170

0160

vk

1120

1110

1101

0192

0183

0174

0164

0155

, ,

, :
v/ 912 105 / m

(1)

1000 i = 11736 q2 / d513

( 1 1)

v/ < 912 10 / m
5

1000 i = 1107 v2 / d113 k

1 vk
v
, ( 3) 1 vk ,
v vk , ( 1 ) , v <
vk , ( 2)

1.

1000 i = 1107 v2 / d113

: 10 - 6m2/ s

(2)

,

, ( 3) vk ;
, 2

1000 i

, m ;

, vk ;
, vk = 0165m/ s
,
, 35 42 ,
( 01620170) 10 - 6 m2 / s

, m ;

vk = 0165m/ s ,

1000 i = 11736 q / d
2

513

k = 01852 ( 1 + 01867/ v)

013

: i

( 2 1)
( 2 2)

, m/ s ;
(OGSE) 19 6 (2000. 11) 23

2 (10 - 6 m2 / s)
( )

20

30

40

50

60

70

()

1100

0185

0170

0160

0150

0145

2 .

( 2)
513
015
3
q = ( 1000 i d / ( 11736 k )
= 01063 ( m / s)
( 2) 0106101080m3 / s ,
3

211

: ,
( 1) ( 2) , 1000 i
1 : <273 7mm , q
= 0108m3/ s , 1800m ,
: d = 01273 - 01014 = 01259 ( m)
v = 0108/ ( 01785 01259 01259)
= 1152 ( m/ s)
,
vk = 0165m/ s , v > vk ( 1) 1000 i :
1000 i = 1107 11522 / ( 01259) 113 = 1413

h
h = 1413 118 = 25174 ( m)
212
, ,
( 1) ( 2)
, v < vk , ( 2) ,
( 2 1) ( 2 2 ) q , k
, k v ( 013 ) ,
q ,

( 1) ( 1) q v , v < vk ,
v k , k q

( 2) , q ,
v , v ( 1) ( 2 )
1000 i , 1000 i (
) 1000 i , q
2 : <426 8mm ,
i = 010009 , = 0161 10 - 6
m2 / s ,

: ( 1) d = 01426 - 01016
= 0141 ( m)
( 1) q1
v1
513
015
3
q1 = ( 1000 i 0141 / 11736)
= 01068 ( m / s)

v1 = 01068/ ( 01785 0141 0141) = 0151 ( m/ s)

vk = 912 105 = 0156 ( m/ s)


v1 < vk
k = 01852 ( 1 + 01867/ 0151)
24

013

= 1115

(OGSE) 19 6 (2000. 11)

3
q (m / s)

01061

01063

01065

01070

01080

v ( m/ s)

0146

0148

0149

0153

0161

1117

1116

1115

1114

1000 i

0185

0190

0195

1109

1125

3 : q = 01063m3 / s , 1000 i =
019 , , q = 01063m3 / s ,
,

213
,
( 1) d1 ,
d1 2 3 ,
,

3 : q = 0111m3/ s ,
12km , 38m ,
: i
i = 3 8/ 12000 = 0100317
1000 i = 3117
( 1) d1
2
1/ 513
d1 = ( 11736 q / 1000 i )
= 0138 ( m)

, <377 7mm <426 8mm



<377 7mm , q
1000 i
1000 i = 11736 q2 / 01363513 = 4152 ( m)
1000 i q
513
015
3
q = ( 1000 i d / 11736)
= 01093 ( m / s)
<426 8mm , q
1000 i
1000 i = 11736 q2 / 0141513 = 2137 ( m)
1000 i q
513
015
3
q = ( 1000 i d / 11736)
= 01127 ( m / s)
, <426 8mm ,
, <377
7mm ,
( 2000203230 )