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02532697

1 2 1 2 1
1 1633182. 163318
90% 1t

85 11105t/d 4060 m3 /t
0.22m/s 0.151.8 m/s
23

TE357 A

90%
2003 1 6
88.69% 88.35% 92.37% 89.05% 88.46% 92.69%

1t
3
[1]
20~30m

20 80

78%[2]
27m3 13108m3

4.17 m3 6.3 m38.3 m3 17.9m3[3]


1975


[2] 1999
9.7
m3/t
32~35
[46]

1
1.1

1962 10 1988 2005

E-mai:liu_xydq@163.com

2003 9 20
12 4 19
20

[89]

1 23 4
567 89
300m10(300m)11(150m)12

Alves
1

Fig.1 The technical flow chart of the testing device

a b
[10]




a b
[7] 1996
Trallero Brill [11]
c d
a

7 80

85% 96.3% 10
66mm
105t/d 1t 40 60 m3
0.2 2m/s
0.151.8 m/s
1.2

203 4013
2.1
7
5


2

17t/d 90% 37.5


0.375MPa 0.177MPa
2
Fig.2 The oil and water are separated and oil floats on the
water

43 t/d , 95% 27.0


0.299MPa 0.177MPa
5
Fig.5 The oil becomes coagulated, forms a pile and is
dispersed in water

43t/d 93.2% 19.1


0.418MPa 0.181MPa
6
Fig.6 The oil becomes coagulated and takes on the shape of
plait

95t/d 95% 35.6


0.262MPa 0.182MPa
3
Fig.3 The mixed flowage of oil and water

2.2
1
1
1 35
30(t/d),
,2
2 35 43(t/d)
,3
3 32~35
4
4 27~32

5 23~27
5
6 23

43t/d 93.2% 31.8


0.222MPa 0.186MPa
4
Fig.4 A fraction of oil becomes coagulated and floats on the
water

,6

1
Tab.1 The oil-gas-water flow patterns of highlywatery crude mixed transportation

/%
95.0

93.0

90.0

85.0

3338

/td-1
4395

/m3d-1
107~247

3236

1894

45~244

2628

1895

45~247

23

43

107

3335

1766

85~330

2832

14.343

50~150

1922

14.343

50150

3540

56105

280~535

3540

1730

87~150

27

66

316

2326

66

297

35

72

562

3032

12.272

91540

22.3

20.4

147

10

12.2

91.5


85% 40 60m3 /t
0.22m/s 0.151.8 m/s
23


23

12

(O/W)

[1] . [J].
19951419-18
[2] .
[J].199532-33
[3] .[M].
1997.11-56
[4] .

[J].20017153-5

pipes[R]SPE 366091996220-229.

[5].
[J].200221110~19
[6] .
.[J]200314228-30
[7] Trallero J.L. A study of oil-water flow patterns in horizontal
[8] Acikgoz M. An experiment study of three-phase flow
regimes[J]. Int.J.Multiphase Flow,1992,19(3):327-336.
[9] Herm Stapelberg H.The pressure loss and slug frequency
of liquid-liquid-gas Slug flow in Horizontal Pipes[J].Int J
Multiphase Flow199320(2): 320-329.
[10] .[M].
1988.137~138
.1997.11-56

[11] ..

32

27~32

23~27

23

20001916~9
[12] .
.1997183139-142

The testing study of the temperature limit of oil-gas-water safe mixed


transportation during extracting oil with special high-containing water
LIU Xiaoyan1WANG Dexi2 HAN Guoyou1 , YUE Yonghui2 , GUO Jinghong1
1.Civil College of Daqing Petroleum Institute, Daqing 163318,China;2. Daqing No. 6 Oil
Extraction Factory, Daqing 163318,China
Abstract: With the deeply exploiting oil field, the containing water in rude oil has increased
constantly. About 90 percent of the liquid production is water in most of the oil wells. With the
increase of water-containing rate, the energy consuming that per ton rude oil is gathered and
transported has grown sharply. In order to gather and transport oil safely without heating,
reduce the energy consuming and production cost, we set up a suit of equipments in Daqing
Oilfield. We tested the pressure drop and the flow pattern of oil-gas-water that is produced in
Oil Recovery Factory No.6 with different temperature, different water-containing ratio, different
output capacity, and different gas capacity. The result of the test indicates that if the watercontaining ratio of mass exceeds 85%, the amount of produced liquid is between 11 and
105t/d, the ratio of gas and oil is between 40 to 60m 3/t, the flow rate of oil-gas-water mixture is
from 0.2 to 2m/s and the conversion rate of the gas is from 0.15 to 1.8m/s, the flow of oil- gaswater in the horizontal pipe belong to impact flow, the oil is wrapped by water. According to
the test results ,We concluded that the temperature limit of oil-gas-water for safe mixed
transportation is lower than condensation point of oil during the course of extracting oil with
Special high-containing water. It is 23 during testing range in Daqing oil field.
Key Words: Special high-containing water extracting oil period mixed transportation;
temperature; limit; test