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INORGANIC PAPER

Q.1 Reactions of aluminium with 1. O2 3. Cl2 5. Mn3O4 7. H2SO4(Dil.) 9. HNO3 11. AlCl3 Q.2 Reactions of Al(OH)3 with 1. Acid 2. NaOH 3. Heating Below 450C 4. Heating above 450C Q.3 Q.4 Q.5 Q.6 Q.7 Q.8 Q.9 Q.10 Q.11 Q.12 Q.13 Q.14 Q.15 Q.16 Q.17 Q.18 Q.19 Q.20 Q.21 Q.22 Q.23 Q.24 2. N2 4. Cr2O3 6. HCl

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8. H2SO4 (Conc.) 10. NaOH

What is the general formula of alum. How many water molecules act as ligands about mono and trivalent metal cations. Which unipositive cations do form alum. Which tripositive cations do form alum. How do structures of all alums differ. Which alkali metal cation does not form alum. What happens when alums are heated. What are the major uses of alum. What is the nature of aqueous solution of alums. How are alums prepared. What are pseudo alums. Are pseudo alums isomorphous to alums. What is feather alum or hair salt. How can you prove that Al(OH)3 is amphoteric in nature. How Al(OH)3 ppt is different than Zn(OH)2 ppt How Al2Cl6 is prepared. How Al2O3 can be converted into Al2Cl6 In which conditions does Al2Cl6 exist. What happens when Al2Cl6 dimer is added to water. Are the bonding states of Al2Cl6 in vapour phase and in aqueous phase are different. What is the nature of AlCl3 in aqueous state. Does AlCl3 on heating melts.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.25 Q.26 Q.27 Q.28 Q.29 Q.30 Q.31 Q.32 Q.33 Q.34 Q.35 Q.36 Q.37 Q.38 Q.39 Q.40 Q.41 Q.42 Q.43 Q.44 Q.45 Q.46 Q.47 Q.48 Q.49 Q.50 Q.51 Q.52 Q.53 Q.54 Q.55 Q.56 Q.57 Q.58 Why is it difficult keep AlCl3 dry Comment on stability of AlCl

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What happens when AlCl3 reacted with Cl What happens when Al2Cl6 is reacted with LiH

-ions

Which is the most stable compound of aluminium. What are the different forms of alumina. What is corundum. What is thermite reaction. What happens when AlCl3 vapours are passed over fused Al2O3 at 1000C. Which form of alumina is corundum. Which form of alumina is acid soluble. Why 'C' shows highest properties of catenation ? Which element of fourth group donot show allotropy ? Which allotrope of carbon is thermodynamically more stable ? Which of two has a dipole moment CO & CO2 ? Which element of group IV does not show allotropy ? Why graphite is good conductor of electricity ? Which is thermodynamically most stable ? Graphite, Diamond or fullerene ? Which element occurs in both very hard and very soft form ? In which form does silicon show its allotropy ? What are three crystalline modifications of tin ? How various allotropes of tin are related to temperature ? What is tin disease, tin pest or tin plague ? What is tin cry ? Which element of IV group has maximum number of Isotopes ? Which allotrope of carbon is insoluble solvent ? What are the oxides of carbon ? Which acid anhydride is CO2 ? Which acid anhydride is CO ? How fullerence was originally prepared ? Can fullerence be prepared by evaporation of graphite by electric arc ? How many 'C' atoms are there normally in fullerence ? What is the colour of C60 in toluene ? What is the colour of C70 in Toluene ?

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.59 Q.60 Q.61 Q.62 Q.63 Q.64 Q.65 Q.66 Q.67 Q.68 Q.69 Q.70 Q.71 Q.72 Q.73 Q.74 Q.75 Q.76 Q.77 Q.78 Q.79 Q.80 Q.81 Q.82 Q.83 Q.84 Q.85 What is the shape of C60 ?

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Which acid anhydride is carbon sesquioxide C3O2 ? Which oxide of IV group is not solid ? Which monoxide of IV group does not exist ? Which monoxide of IV group is neutral ? What is the nature of IV group monoxides ? Which IV group oxides are network solids ? Why bicarbonates are alkaline in nature although they has H+ ? How calcium cyanamide can be prepared from CaC2 ? What happens when calcium cyanamide is hydrolysed ? What happens when calcium cyanamide is heated with Coke & NaCl What happens when K4Fe(CN)6 is heated strongly ? What happens when KCN & dil. H2SO4 reacts ? What is the nature of aqueous solution of KCN ? What happens when HCN is oxidised by O2, Ag, Cu2+ ? Why (CN)2 is pseudohalide ? Why CO2 is molecule but SiO2 is 3D network solid ? What are the nature of CO2, SiO2, GeO2, SnO2, PbO2 ? What happens when Pb(NO3)2 is strongly heated ? Which dioxide of nonmetal C, S, N or Cl does not act as reducing agent ? What happens when graphite is heated with KMnO4 ? What is the general formula of organosilicone ? What happens when dialkyldichloro silanes of diaryl dichlorosilanes are subjected to hydrolysis ? What is the hybridisation state of Si in SiO2 ? What is the purest form of silicon ? What happens when SiO2 is reacted (heated) with alkalis and alkali metal carbonates ? What happens when SiO2 is reacted with following ? (a) KOH (b) CaCO3 (c) KNO3 (d) HF (e) Coke

Q.86 Q.87 Q.88 Q.89 Q.90 Q.91

What type of glass is K2O.PbO.4SiO2 ? What is the definition of glass ? Why HF acid is stored in plastic bottles and not glass bottles ? Which compound is formed when glass reacts with HF ? What is the formula of soda glass ? What is the formula of water glass

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.92 Q.93 Q.94 Q.95 Q.96 Q.97 Q.98 Q.99 Q.100 Q.101 Q.102 Q.103 Q.104 Q.105 Q.106 Q.107 Q.108 Q.109 Q.110 Q.111 Q.112 Q.113 Q.114 Q.115 Q.116 Q.117 Q.118 Q.119 Q.120 Q.121 Q.122 Q.123 Q.124 Q.125 What is silica Garden ?

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What are silanes and germanes ? What are their general formula. What happens when mixture of silane and H2 is bubbled through water ? What happens when Si is fused with NaOH in air ? Which acid is used for etching glass ? How silanes are different than alkanes ? KNO3 on heating produce KNO2 and O2 but what happens when KNO3 is heated with SiO2 ? Name an acid which dissolves silica ? What are corundum and carborundum ? What pseudo solids ? Which allotrope of Si is isomorphous with carbon ? What is Na2SiO3. CaSiO3.4SiO2 ? What do you call K2O.CaO.4SiO2 ? Which type of anions are present in pyrex glass ? Which type of glass are prisms and lenses are made up of ? What is Crookes glass ? What is its speciality ? Which metal compound is present in it ? Which type of glass has lane thermal expansion ? How borosilicate glass are obtained ? Why trimethyl amine is pyramidal but trisilyl amine is planar ? Which of two is more basic N(CH3)3 or N(SiH3)3 ? How the name silicone is derived for the polymer R2SiO ? Why CO2 is a gas while SiO2 is a solid ? Why CCl4 does not hydrolyse but SiCl4 ? How tin is purified ? Which oxide of tin (SnO, SnO2) is/are amphoteric ? Why heating of SnC2O4 does not yield SnO instead of SnO2 ? What happens when SnO2 is reacted with (i) H2SO4 (ii) NaOH What happens when SnCl2.2H2O crystals are heated ? Which of the two SnCl2 or SnCl4 is a liq. at room temperature ? What is butter of Sn ? What is its major use. What are the addition compounds of SnCl2 & NH3 ? What is the double salt of SnCl4 with NH3 ? How calamel is produced by SnCl2 ? Which tin compound is used in tooth paste to help tooth decay ?

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.126 Q.127 Q.128 Q.129 Q.130 Q.131 Q.132 Q.133 Q.134 Q.135 Q.136 Q.137 Q.138 Q.139 Q.140

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Which property of tin makes it useful for tinning of utensils ? What happens when AuCl3 is treated with SnCl2 ? How PURPLE OF CASIUS is formed ? What happens when butter of tin is hydrolysed with excess of water ? What happens when tin metal is reacted with conc. HNO3 ? Which tin halide out of SnCl4, SnBr4, SnI4 is coloured ? How Tin (II) fluoride is obtained ? Why Pb715 has higher I.E. than Sn707 ? What are various oxides of Pb ? Why do PbCl4 acts as strong oxidising agent ? SiF62 exist but not CF62 explain why ? What is the order of ease of catenation ? How many allotropes of Sn exist ? Why PbCl2 is ionic where is PbCl4 is covalent. How do following properties vary ? (a) Atomic radii (b) Melting point and boiling point (c) Density (d) I.E. (e) O.S.

Q.141 Q.142 Q.143 Q.144 Q.145 Q.146 Q.147 Q.148 Q.149 Q.150 Q.151 Q.152 Q.153 Q.154 Q.155
E D U C A T I O N S

Why Group V elements have much higher I.E. than group IV elements. Which two elements of Group V are metalloids ? Why Bi has low melting point ? What are the important oxidation states exhibited by Group V elements ? Give an example of each of compound in which 'N' is having oxidation states 3 to +5 Why Group V elements have poor catenation property ? What is the structure of hydrazoic acid ? Which elements of Group V do not show allotropy ? What are the allotropes of phosphorous ? What are the allotropes of Arsenic ? What are the allotropes of Antimony ? Which element of group V has tendency to form p p bond ? Why N2 is less reactive than other members of its family ? What is the formula of elemental state of group V elements. What type of bond is present in POX3.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.156 Q.157 Q.158 Q.159 Q.160 Q.161 Q.162 Q.163 Q.164 Q.165 Q.166 Q.167 Q.168 Q.169 Q.170 Q.171 Q.172 Q.173 Q.174 Q.175 Q.176 Q.177 Q.178 Q.179 Q.180 Q.181

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What happens when Ca3N2 and Ca3P2 are added to water ? What happens when Zn3As2, Zn3Sb2, Zn3Bi2 are added to water ? Which compound is formed when NH3 gas is passed into NaOCl solution. Arrange following hydrides in increasing bond angle NH3, PH3, AsH3, SbH3 Arrange following hydrides in the increasing order of their thermal stability NH3, PH3, AsH3, SbH3, BiH3 Which hydride of group V is strongest reducing agent ? Which V group hydride is the weakest reducing agent. On moving down the group generally b.p. of group V hydrides increases except NH3. Why NH3 has higher b.p. than PH3 and AsH3 ? What is order of Lewis base character of V group metal hydrides. Which trihalide of group V elements is not covalent but ionic ? What is the shape of group V trihalides ? Write hydrolysis product of following trihalides PCl3, AsCl3, SbCl3, BiCl3 Why nitrogen trihalides cannot be hydrolysed ? Do fifth group trihalides work as Lewis acid ? Which fifth group element does not form pentahalide ? Which of the two trihalide or pentahalide of fifth group is thermally more stable ? Do all pentahalides act as Lewis acids ? What are the formula of PCl5 in gaseous state and in solid state ? Draw the structure of PCl5 in solid state. How white phosphorous is obtained from calcium phosphate ? Which form of phosphorous has garlic smell ? Which form of phosphorous is toxic. Which form of phosphorous is soluble in CS2 but insoluble in water ? What is the structure of phosphorous in solid and vapour state ? Which form of phosphorous spontaneously burn in air with green flame ? What happens when (a) White phosphorous is heated upto 540 K in inert atmosphere. (b) White phosphorous is heated upto 450 K at 1200 atm pressure.

Q.182 Q.183 Q.184 Q.185 Q.186

What is the structure of Red phosphorous. Which form of phosphorous is insoluble in both water and CS2 ? What happenes when phosphorous combine with metals like Ca and Mg, Na and K. Why white phosphorous is kept in water ? Which is formed by the combustion of phosphorous in air ?

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.187 Q.188 Q.189 Q.190 Q.191 Q.192 Q.193 Q.194 Q.195 Q.196 Q.197 Q.198 Q.199 Q.200 Q.201 Q.202 Q.203 Q.204 Q.205 Q.206 Q.207 Q.208 Q.209 Q.210 Q.211 Q.212 Q.213 Q.214 Q.215 Q.216 Q.217 Q.218 Q.219 Q.220

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P. JOY

Which two products are formed by heating phosphorous with NaOH ? What white phosphorous is ? A good reducing agent or a good oxidising agent ? What are products when HNO3, conc. H2SO4, CuSO4, AgNO3 are reduced by white phosphorous ? What happens when white phosphorous is reacted with following nonmetals (a) Cl2, (b) S8. Which form of phosphorous red or white reacts with NaOH to produce pH3 ? What happenes when following are reacted with water (a) Ca3P2, (b) Na3P. How AlP can be decomposed into pH3 ? What happenes when phosphorous acid is strongly heated ? How phosphene is prepared in laboratory ? What are vortex rings formed by PH3 ? Why these rings are formed ? How vortex rings of PH3 can be prepared in laboratory. Why NF3 is not hydrolysed ? Why PF3 and PF5 are not hydrolysed ? Write the hydrolysis product of following compounds NCl3, PCl3, AsCl3, SbCl3, BiCl3. Why penlahalide like BiF5 does not exist ? B, Ga, Al, Tl, In [First Ionisation Energy] BF3, BBr3, BCl3, BI3 [Lewis Acid Strength] BCl3, GaCl3, AlCl3, InCl3 [Lewis Acid Strength] B2O3, Al2O3, In2O3, Tl2O3, Ga2O3 [Basic Stregnth] B, Ga, Al, In, Tl [Stability of +3 oxidation state] Ga, Tl, In [Stability of +1 oxidation state] B, Ga, Al, In, Tl [Stability of hydride] Al, In, Ga, Tl [Reducing nature] C, Si, Sn, Ge, Pb [First Ionisation Energy] C, Si, Sn, Ge, Pb [Catenation] C, Si, Sn, Ge, Pb [Ionisation Energy] PbF2, PbCl2, PbBr2, PbI2 [Ionic Character] C, Si, Sn, Ge, Pb [Density] N, As, P, Sb, Bi [Melting Point] N, As, P, Sb, Bi [Boiling Point] NH3, AsH3, BiH3, PH3, SbH3 [Basic Strength] NH3, AsH3, BiH3, PH3, SbH3 [Reducing Character] NH3, PH3, AsH3, SbH3 [Boiling point] NI3, NCl3, NBr3, NF3 [Basic Character]

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.221 Q.222 Q.223 Q.224 Q.225 Q.226 Q.227 Q.228 Q.229 Q.230 Q.231 Q.232 Q.233 Q.234 Q.235 Q.236 Q.237 Q.238 Q.239 Q.240 Q.241 Q.242 Q.243 Q.244 Q.245 Q.246 Q.247 Q.248 Q.249 Q.250 Q.251 Q.252 Q.253 Q.254

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NH3, AsH3, PH3, BiH3, SbH3 [Bond Angle] PCl3, SbCl3, AsCl3 [Acid Strength] N2O3, As2O3, P2O3 [Acidic Strength] N2O5, As2O5, P2O5, Bi2O5, Sb2O 5 [Acidic Strength] N2O, N2O 3, NO, N2O4, N2O5 [Acidic Strength] P2O5, Sb2O5, As2O5, Bi2O5, N2O5 [Stability] NCl3, AsCl3, PCl3, SbCl3, BiCl3 [Ease of hydrolysis] PF3, PBr3, PCl3, PI3 [Acid Strength] PF3, PCl3, PBr3, PI3 [Bond Angle] HNO3, H3AsO4, H3PO4, H3SbO4 [Strength and solubility] O, Se, S, Te [Electron Affinity] O, Se, S, Te, Po [Ionisation potential] H2O, H2S, H2Te, H2Se [Reducing power] H2O, H2S, H2Te, H2Se [Bond angles] H2O, H2S, H2Te, H2Se [Stability] H2O, H2S, H2Te, H2Se [Acidic nature] H2O, H2S, H2Te, H2Se [Dipole moment] SO3, TeO3, SeO3 [Acidic nature] SO, SO2, SO3 [Acidic nature] H2SO3, H2SeO3, H2TeO3 [Acidic strength] F, Cl, Br, I [Electron affinity] F, Cl, Br, I [Electronegativity] Cl2, Br2, F2, I2 [Bond energy] Cl2, Br2, F2, I2 [oxidising power] HF, HCl, HBr, HI [Acidic strength] HF, HCl, HBr, HI [Reducing character] HF, HCl, HBr, HI [Boiling point] HF, HCl, HBr, HI [Thermal stability] HClO, HClO2, HClO3, HClO4 [Thermal stability] HClO, HBrO, HIO [Thermal stability] HClO3, HBrO3, HIO3 [Thermal stability] HClO, HClO2, HClO3, HClO4 [Acidic strength] HClO, HBrO, HIO [Acidic strength] HClO, HClO2, HClO3, HClO4 [Oxidising power]

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.255 Q.256 Q.257 Q.258 Q.259 Q.260 Q.261 Q.262 Q.263 Q.264 Q.265 Q.266 Q.267 Q.268 Q.269 Q.270 Q.271 Q.272 Q.273 Q.274 Q.275 Q.276 Q.277 Q.278 Q.279 Q.280 Q.281 Q.282 Q.283 Q.284 Q.285 Q.286 MF, MCl, MBr, MI [Ionic character]

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I3+, I3, H5IO6, I2O5, I [Oxidation number] HClO3, HClO4, HClO2, HClO [Acidic strength] I2, HI, HIO4, ICl [Oxidation number] He, Ar, Ne, Kr, Xe [Polarizability] He, Ar, Ne, Kr, Xe [Solubility in water] XeF2, XeF4, XeF6 [Melting point] What is liquor ammonia ? Why decomposition temperature of NH3 will be highest ? What is the colour of the flame produced when NH3 burns in pure oxygen. Ammonia will burn in air ? Yes or No. Which factor is responsible for high boiling point of NH3. Name the process by which ammonia is made industrially. How liquid NH3 resembles water in its physical behaviour. Which factor is responsible for making liquid NH3 a fair ionizing solvent. Why NH3(l) is a better solvent for organic compounds but generally a poorer one for ionic inorganic compounds. Why AgI is exceedingly insoluble in water but good soluble in NH3. Name the two species formed when liquid ammonia undergoes autodissociation. Which type of reaction occurs when liquid ammonia undergoes autodissociation. Sodium in liquid ammonia is most widely used as a reducing agent or oxidising agent. What are the gases produced when (NH4)2Cr2O7 is heated. What are the gases produced when NH4NO3(s) is dissociated. What are the gas as produced when NH4NO3(l) is decomposed when heated. What is the structure of N2O. How many unpaired electron(s) are present in NO. Which type of molecular orbital, is occupied by unpaired electron(s). Equimolar mixture of which two oxides of nitrogen on condensing at how temperature gives N2O3, as a blue solid. Which gas is produced on thermal decomposition of lead nitrate. Which gas is produced on when copper dissolve in conc. HNO3 Solid N2O4 is diamagnetic or paramagnetic. What is the anhydride of nitric acid. In which state (liquid, gas, vapour, solid) covalent N 2O5 molecules are present.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.287 Complete the following reaction

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Fe(CO)5 + NO Pressure
Whether the product formed is ionic or covalent. Q.288 Q.289 Q.290 Q.291 Q.292 Which compound is formed when NO is reacted with freshly prepared FeSO4 solution. What are the two classess in which phosphorus oxo acids can be divided. What are the formal oxidation states of two oxoacids of phosphorus. How many nonacidic hydrogen atoms are attached directly to phosphorus acids. Consider the following reaction

50C

O P H H
H ypophosphorous acid

A g+ OH C r2 O 7
2

Ag C r +3

In the above reaction hypophosphorous acid act as an oxidising agent or reducing agent. Q.293 Q.294 Q.295 Q.296 Q.297 Q.298 Q.299 Q.300 Q.301 Q.302 Q.303 Q.304 Q.305 Q.306 Q.307 Q.308 Q.309 Which allotropic form of phosphorous is used in preparing hypophosphorus acid from Ba(OH)2. How many acidic hydrogen(s) is/are present in H3PO2. Which phosphorus acid is formed on reaction between water and phosphorous trichloride at 0C. Is it possible to obtain polymeric phosphates with layer structures similar to those found in some of the polysilicates. Which phosphoric acid is prepared by treating phosphate rock with sulfuric acid. Which phosphoric acid on dehydration produces orthophosphoric acid. Which oxoacids of phosphorus are tetrabasic acid ? What is the general formula by which cyclic polymetaphosphates can be represented. What are the two main oxoacids of nitrogen. What are the properties possessed by HNO2. Which oxoacid of nitrogen act as both reducing and oxidising agent. What is fuming nitric acid. In which type of solution HNO2 is stable. What is Aqua fortis and what is its meaning. Name the two processess by which HNO3 can be prepared. Aqueous nitric acid is an oxidant, which ion is responsible for this property. What are the products formed when NH2CONH2 is treated with HNO2. Write the balanced equation.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.310 Q.311 Q.312 Q.313 Q.314 Q.315 Q.316 Q.317

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Which two oxyacids of nitrogen are explosive in nature. How nitric acid is manufactured industrially. Which oxide is used to convert nitric acid to its anhydride. What are the oxides produced when N2O4 is dissolved in water. When HNO3 is dissolved in pure H2SO4, an active agent is formed which has an important application in organic chemistry. Name the agent. What are the two oxides of phosphorus. Which compound is formed when P2O3 combines with oxygen. What happens when P2O3 (i) Combines with cold water Write the corresponding reactions. (ii) Combines with hot water.

Q.318 Q.319 Q.320 Q.321

Which oxide of phosphorus acts as Dehydrating agent. Which oxide of phosphorus is highly, poisonous in nature. Which oxide of phosphorus converts HNO3 to N2O5 and H2SO4 to SO3. What happens when P2O5 (i) Combines with cold water. Write the corresponding reactions. (ii) Combines with hot water.

Q.322 Q.323 Q.324

If ammonia in large excess is treated with Cl2 diluted with N2, what product is produced. Write the balanced equation. Which compound is formed when chloramine reacts with NH3. Consider the sequence for industrial utilization of atmospheric nitrogen.
O2 +H2O O2 2 NH3 HNO3(aq) NO N2

Haber process

(I)

(II)

(III)

(IV)

Name the process by which II is converted into III. Q.325 Complete the following reaction 4NH3(g) + 3O2(g) l Q.326 At 750900C and in the presence of a platinum catalyst ammonia reacts with oxygen to give other product instead of O2. What is the product formed.

Q.327 Q.328 Q.329 Q.330 Q.331

How many allotropes of oxygen are present. Give the two laboratory methods for the preparation of oxygen. What are the gases produced on reaction of oxygen with carbon disulphide. Which oxide is present is the compound when Na(s) reacts O2(g). What is the colour of liquid dioxygen and solid dioxygen.
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D U C A T I O

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.332 Q.333 Q.334 Q.335 Q.336 Q.337 Q.338 Q.339 Q.340 Q.341 Q.342 Q.343 Q.344 Q.345 Q.346 Q.347

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Name the compound in which the oxygen shows an oxidation state of + 2. Can oxygen show oxidation state beyond 2. Why OF6 is not known. How oxygen can be obtained from bleaching powder. What is an acidic oxide ? Give an example. What is an basic oxide ? Give an example. What is an amphoteric oxide ? Give an example. Which elements generally form amphoteric oxides. Which acid is produced on reaction of SO2 with water. Which type of solution (alkaline, acidic or neutral) is produced on reaction of BaO with water. Which gas is produced when ZnO reacts with an acid. Which factor is responsible for stability of an ionic metal oxide. Give an example of ionic oxides with some covalent character. What are the product(s) formed when H2S react with O2. How many lone pairs of electron are present in OF2 molecule. Arrange the following species in decreasing order of their bond strength. O2, O2+, O2, O22

Q.348 Q.349 Q.350 Q.351

Which gas is produced when sodium nitrate decomposes above 800C. Is oxygen has highest electron affinity in group 16 ? What is the oxidation state of O in Na2O2 ? Arrange the following oxides in increasing order of their acidic property. ZnO, Na2O2, P2O5, MgO.

Q.352 Q.353 Q.354 Q.355 Q.356 Q.357 Q.358 Q.359 Q.360 Q.361 Q.362

What are the factors which are responsible for anomalous behaviour of oxygen. Who discovered oxygen. Which factor is responsible for existence of oxygen as discrete diatomic molecule. Is ozone linear or non linear molecule. How does oxygen and ozone differ in their magnetic nature ? Which ion is isoelectronic with ozone. How does oxygen is converted into ozone. What is the bond angle < O O O in ozone. What change occurs in volume of ozone when it is heated. Which is more powerful oxidizing agent O3 or O2. Give two applications of ozone.
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D U C

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.363 Q.364

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To which group of the periodic table, ozone belong ? Can ozone oxidises (i) Lead sulphide. (ii) Potassium iodide (iii) Mercury

Q.365 Q.366 Q.367 Q.368 Q.369 Q.370 Q.371 Q.372 Q.373

What is the oxidation state of oxygen in O3. What is the percentage of ozone in ozonised oxygen ? What is the change in the oxidation state of P occurs when ozone reacts with phosphorus. Give an chemical equation. There are two different values of OO bond length in ozone ? True or False. Which halogen (Chlorine or Fluorine) interacts with water to form ozone. Ozone has a dark blue colour. Absorption of which colour of light is responsible for its blue colour. Which type of radiation from the sun is absorbed by the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere. Which compounds are blamed for making holes in ozone layer. Complete the following reaction : O3 + 2K+ + 2I + H2O

Q.374 Q.375 Q.376 Q.377 Q.378 Q.379 Q.380 Q.381 Q.382 Q.383 Q.384

In which phase hydrogen bonded molecules of H2O2 are found. Which is more associated via hydrogen bonding i.e. H2O or H2O2. What is the structure of the molecule of H2O2. Which has more density H2O or H2O2 What is the limitations of H2O2 which inhibits its utility as an ionizing solvent. Is H2O2 is more acidic than H 2O in dilute aq. solution. H2O 2 acts as oxidizing agent or reducing agent towards MnO4 In which type of solution (acid or basic), oxidations with H2O2 is slow. In which type of solution (acid or basic) disproportionation of H2O2 occurs most rapidly Which free radicals are formed by metal ion catalysed decomposition of H2O2. Identify the products of the following reaction
O2 H2SO 4 BaO BaO2 A + B.

Q.385

Give the structure and name of the reactant involved in the synthesis of H2O 2 by the reaction given below.

O
Reactant

O2 H 2 /Pd .
O

C 2H 5

+ H2 O 2

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.386 Consider the following reaction H2O2(l) H2O(l) + O2

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IIT-JEE

P. JOY

G = 121.4 kJ mol1

Is water or oxygen is thermodynamically unstable with respect to H2O 2. Q.387 Q.388 Q.389 Q.390 Q.391 Q.392 Q.393 Q.394 Q.395 Which acid on hydrolysis give H2O2. Write a chemical equation. Arrange the following O2, H2O and O3 in increasing order of their O O bond length. How many atoms of sulphur are present in its free state. Which ore of sulphur is also called as Fool's gold. Name the process by which sulphur is generally extracted from underground sulphur bearing rocks. Which allotropic form of sulphur is considered as a supercooled liquid. How milk of sulphur is prepared. Below which temperature -sulphur is converted into -sulphur and what this temperature is called. Complete the following reactions :
Boil (i) 2S + Cl2 (ii) 3S + P4 1200 1400K (iii) 2S + C

Q.396 Q.397 Q.398 Q.399 Q.400 Q.401 Q.402 Q.403 Q.404 Q.405 Q.406 Q.407 Q.408 Q.409 Q.410 Q.411 Q.412
E D U C A T I O N S

What compound is formed when sulphur reacts with NH3 in presence of H2S gas. Which oxide of sulfur is closely related structurally & electronically to ozone. What is the structure and bond angle of SO3. Which oxide of sulphur act as an antichlor for removing excess of chlorine. Which property of SO2 is responsible for its bleaching action. Which oxide of sulphur is used in the preparation of H2SO4. What is oxidation state of sulphur in SO2 & SO3 respectively. Give two methods for preparation of Hydrogen Sulphide. H2S is a dibasic acid or monobasic acid. Name the two series of salts formed by H2S. Which property of H2S is used for detection of various cations in laboratory. What happens when SO2 is passed through acidified solution of H2S. Why coordination compounds of H2S are very rare. H2S in large doses prove fatal. What is antidote of H2S. Which acid is called king of chemicals and why is it so called. Name the two processess by which sulphuric acid can be manufactured. What are the ideal conditions required for manufacturing of H2SO4 by contact process.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.413 Q.414 Q.415 Q.416 Q.417 Q.418 Q.419 Q.420 Q.421 Q.422 Q.423 Q.424 Q.425 Q.426

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

What is the strength of H2SO4 produced by chamber process. By which process 100% pure H2SO4 is obtained. Which removes impurities of arsenic in contact process. Why SO3 is never directly dissolved in H2O to form H2SO4. Write down the chemical reactions taking place in contact process. H2SO4 has low volatility. Why ? Name the two series of salts formed by H2SO4. How many oxygen atoms in H2SO4 are linked to sulphur by single covalent bonds. What is the oxidation state of sulphur in H2SO4. Which type of bond is responsible for associated structure of H2SO4. It is suggested that to dilute conc. H2SO4, always add conc. H2SO4 to water and never water to conc. H2SO4. Why ? Why conc. H2SO4 is used extensively to prepare other acids. Why H2SO4 has great affinity for water. What are the functions of H2SO4 in the reaction given below. 2Ag + H2SO4 Ag2SO4 + 2H2O + SO2

Q.427 Q.428 Q.429 Q.430 Q.431 Q.432 Q.433 Q.434 Q.435 Q.436 Q.437 Q.438 Q.439 Q.440

Why sugar becomes black when it comes in contact with conc. H2SO4. Which acid is consumed when a lead storage battery is discharged. Which acid can be used as an oxidising agent, reducing agent and bleaching agent. What are the oxidation number of both the S in Na2S2O3. Why hypo is used in iodometric titrations. Why hypo is used as a fixing agent in photography. What are the products formed when chlorine is passed through aqueous hypo solution. When hypo is heated to high temperatures, the products are. Sulphur disappears when it is boiled in a solution of sodium sulphite. This is due to formation of. Write the spring's reaction for formation of Na2S2O3. Which ion is produced when thiosulphate is oxidised by iodine. What are hydrohalic acids ? Why halogen react very easily and yield hydrogen halide. Complete the reactions :
(i) CaF2 + H2SO4 (ii) 2NaCl + H2SO4

Q.441

Which hydrogen halide is liquid at room temperature.

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PAGE # 15

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.442 Q.443 Q.444 Q.445 Q.446 Q.447 Q.448 Q.449 Q.450 Q.451 Q.452

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

What is the increasing order of acidic strength of hydrohalic acids. Give two reasons for weak acidic character of HF. Why fluorine forms salts of the type KHF2. Why acidity of anhydrous HF is considerably increased in the presence of super acid, SbF5. Write a chemical reaction involved. Which hydrohalic acids has the highest value of dipole moment. Which hydrohalic acid does not form precipitate with AgNO3. Write the increasing order of reducing power of halogen acids. Dilute solution of HF cannot be concentrated beyond 36% by distilling only. Why ? Why HF is not stored in glass bottles. Which acid is used for etching the glass. Which is the most volatile among the following compounds HI, HCl, HF, HBr

Q.453 Q.454

Which hydrogen halide has the highest molar heat of vaporization. Consider the following reaction HNO3 + HF H2NO3+ + F Which species act as base.

Q.455

Arrange the following compounds in increasing order of their bond strength HF, HCl, HBr, HI

Q.456 Q.457 Q.458

KF combines with HF to form KHF2. What are the species present in the KHF2. Which halogen forms least number of oxyacid. Arrange the following acids in decreasing acid strength. ClOH, BrOH, IOH

Q.459

Arrange the following in increasing order of acidity, HClO, HClO2, HClO3, HClO4

Q.460 Q.461

What is the oxidation state of chlorine in hypochlorous acid. Consider the following reaction HClO2 HOCl Cl2 I II III

Conversion of II into III will increases or decreases the oxidation number of chlorine. Q.462 Q.463 Q.464
E D U C A T I O N S

Give a method for preparing HClO2. What are the salts of HClO2 called ? Which oxyacids of chlorine is the least oxidizing in nature.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.465 Q.466

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Salts (0.1 M solution) of which oxyacid of chlorine is most basic ? Consider the following reaction NH3 + NaOCl X + NaOH
Gum X + NH3 + OH H2N NH2 + Cl + H2O

Identify the X & what is it called. Q.467 Q.468 Q.469 Q.470 Q.471 Q.472 What is the shape of ClO2 & what is the hybridisation state of Cl. Draw the structure of ClO2. Which oxyacid of chlorine has highest oxidation number. Arrange the oxyacids of chlorine is increasing order of their thermal stability. Arrange the oxyacids of chlorine in increasing order of their thermal stability. Arrange the following compounds in increasing order of their thermal stability HIO3, HClO3, HBrO3 Q.473 Q.474 Q.475 Q.476 Q.477 Q.478 Q.479 Q.480 BY which mechanism HOCl is formed from Cl2 in water write a chemical reaction. What is the hybridisation state of chlorine in oxyacids of chlorine. What are the natue of oxides of Halogens. Which halogens forms acidic oxides. Which oxide of chlorine is least acidic and which is most acidic. Which oxide of chlorine is paramagnetic is nature. Aqueous solution of bleaching power gives a test of which ions. Name the type of reaction as given below CaOCl2 + H2O Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 Q.481 Q.482 Q.483 Q.484 Q.485 Q.486 Q.487 Q.488 Q.489 Q.490 Q.491 Q.492 What products are obtained by auto oxidation of bleaching power. Bleaching powder loses its bleaching property when it is kept in open bottle for long time. Why. Write the chemical equation involed in Hasenclever method for preparation of CaOCl2. Which gas is liberated when excess of dil. acids (H2SO4, HCl, HNO3) reacts with CaOCl2. What do you mean by available Cl2. Why CaOCl2 uses as a disinfectant. Why CaOCl2 gives Cl2 like smell. Bleaching power is an example of ..... salt. What % of available Cl2 is present in a good quality of bleaching powder. Is bleaching power is priced according to its crystal size. What is the meaning of halogens ? Which group 17 element is radioactive ?
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PAGE # 17

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.493 Q.494 Q.495 Q.496 Q.497 Q.498 Q.499 Q.500 Q.501 Q.502 Q.503 Q.504 Q.505 Q.506 Q.507 Q.508 Q.509 What are chalcogens ?

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Which group elements have greater similarities within group than other group in periodic table. Why halogens do not occur in free elemental state ? What are the generally found form of iodine ? What are the generally found forms of other halogens ? Which halogen is most abundant ? What was moissan method of fluorine formation ? Why diaphragm made of Teflon is used to separate anode from cathode in preparation of fluorine. How bromine is commercially obtained ? How iodides are converted into iodine. How iodates can be converted into I2 ? What is correct when conc. H2SO4 is added on NaCl and MnO2. What happens when K2MnF6 is reacted with SbF5. Halogen oxidises halide ions of higher atomic number. (True/False) In which state of halide ion F2 can act as an oxidising agent ? Which three elements do no reacts with hydrogen ? What happens when ? (a) Mg reacted with Br2 (b) P4 reacted with Cl2 (c) S8 reacted with F2 (d) Xe(g) reacted with F2

Q.510 Q.511 Q.512

What is the nature of chemical bond when a metal halide is found in its higher oxidation state ? Which of two is more covalent UF6 or UF4 ? What happens when

(i) CaF2 + H2SO4 con.


Pt (as bijects) (iii) H2 + Br2

(ii) NaCl + H2SO4 conc.


(iv) 2I2(s) + N2H4
5731 K

(v) I2 + H2S
Q.513 Q.514 Q.515 Q.516 Q.517 How DCl can be prepared in laboratory. What do you call OCl. How pure HOCl can be formed. What is house hold bleach. What happens when cold dil. NaCl is electrolysed ?

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PAGE # 18

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.518 Q.519 Q.520 Q.521 Q.522 Q.523 Q.524 Q.525 Q.526 Q.527 Q.528 Q.529 Q.530 Q.531 Q.532 Q.533 Q.534 Q.535 Q.536 Q.537 Q.538 Q.539 Q.540

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

What is the composition of bleaching powder when Cl2 is passed over slacked lime. What happens when Ba(OH)2 is reacted with H2O2 & ClO2 How HClO3 can be obtained by Ba(ClO2)2 How Ba(ClO3)2 can be prepared. [What happens when Cl2 is passed through hot Ba(OH)2 solution] What happens when NaClO4 is reacted with conc. HCl. What is the major use of NH4ClO4 ? How NH4ClO4 can be obtained from NaClO4 Inter halogen compounds are more reactive then halogens. Explain. Interhalogen compounds are always diamagnetic. Explain. Why interhalogen compounds have covalent character. Interhalogen compounds are conducts electricity. Explains. Why IBr known but ClBr is not known ? Which halogen forms largest inter halogen compounds. Which interhalogen compound exists in pentagonal bipyramidal geometry. Which halogen shows maximum oxidation state informing interhalogen compounds. The value of n in A Xn (interhalogen compounds) can be 1, 3, 5 or 7. A can never be F in A Xn (interhalogen compound) X can never be I in A Xn (interhalogen compound) (T/F) (T/F) (T/F)

A X bond is weaker than A A or X X bond in A Xn (interhalogen compounds) (T/F) How many lone pairs are present on ClF3 molecule. What is Wij's reagent. What is Iodine number. Arrange the following interhalogen compounds in increasing order of reactivity IF, IF3, BrF, IF5, BrF3, ClF, IF2, BrF5, ClF3

Q.541 Q.542 Q.543 Q.544 Q.545

Why ICl3 exist in form of dimers (I2Cl6). Explain. What do you mean of cationic iodine. Give the examples of compounds showing existance of cationic iodine. Which acids are produced during hydrolysis of ICl. Which acids are produces during hydrolysis of BrF5. Complete and balance the following reactions :
3 (i) I2 + ICl

AlCl

(ii) CsF + IF7

Q.546 Q.547

What is the general electronic configuration of elements of group 18. How many d electrons are present in Ne, Ar, Kr & Xe.

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PAGE # 19

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.548 Q.549 Q.550 Q.551 Q.552 Q.553 Q.554 Q.555 Q.556 Q.557 Q.558 Q.559 Q.560 Q.561 Q.562 Q.563 Q.564 Q.565 Q.566 Q.567 Q.568 Q.569

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Why group 18 elements exhibit low chemical reactivity. Why noble gases have very low melting and boiling points ? Which noble gas has the lowest boiling point. Which noble gas has the unusual property of diffusing through rubber or glass. Which noble gas does not occur in the atmosphere. What is the total abundance by volume of noble gases in dry air. Which noble gas is the major component of total abundance of noble gases in dry air. Which noble gases constitutes the byproducts in liquefaction of air. What is the main commercial source of Helium. Which element is the second most abundant element in the universe. Which noble gas is obtained as the decay product of In which year real chemistry of noble gases began. Bartlett had noticed that PtF6 reacts with oxygen to form O2+ [PtF6] & then he reasoned that PtF6 would react with xenon to form Xe+[PtF6] what was the basis of his reasoning. Recent studies indicates that xenon reacts with PtF6 to form above indicated compound but it is to be formulated differently. What is its formula. Which type of elements (electronegative or electropositive) forms compounds with xenon. What are the gases evolved in the following chemical reaction : 2XeF2(s) + 2H2O(l) Which noble gases are used in light bulbs designed for special purposes. Compounds of which noble gas have not been isolated but only identified by radiotracer techniques. Which noble gases do not form true compounds. Which compound of krypton has been studied in detail. Which oxygen compound of xenon is formed when XeF4 undergoes hydrolysis write a balanced chemical equation. Complete the following reactions :
Ni (i) Xe + F2 673K , 1atm Ni Ni (iii) Xe + 3F (ii) Xe + 2F2 2 673K , 60 70 atm 673K , 57 atm
226

Ra. Write a chemical reaction.

2:1 Q.570 Q.571 Q.572 Q.573 Q.574 Q.575


E D U C A T I O N S

1:5

1 : 20

Complete the following reaction : XeF6 + 3H2O Which oxyacids are formed when XeF6 undergoes partial hydrolysis. Which oxide of xenon is a colourless explosive solid. Which oxyacid of xenon is a colourless volatile liquid. Which oxygen compounds of xenon has a square pyramidal and trigonal pyramidal molecular structure. Name the ion formed when XeO3 reacts with aq. alkali write a chemical reaction.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.576 Q.577 Q.578 Q.579 Q.580 Q.581 Q.582 Q.583 Q.584 Q.585 Q.586 Q.587 Q.588 Q.589 Q.590 Q.591 Q.592 Q.593 Q.594 Q.595 Q.596 Q.597

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Ion formed above slowly disproportionates to give another ion. Name the ion. What is the oxidation state of Xe in perxenate ion. What is the colour of the solution of perxenate solutions. Perxenate solutions are powerful oxidising or reducing agents. Which noble gas species is isostructural with (a) ICl4 (b) IBr2 (c) BrO3 Which noble gas is used in filling balloons & why it is used. Which noble gas is used in discharge tubes and fluoresent bulbs for advertisement display purposes. Which noble gas is used in gas-cooled nuclear reactors. What are the three binary fluorides of xenon. Which fluoride of xenon has square planar structure. How many bonding pairs of e are present in XeF6. Which fluoride of xenon have a distorted octahedral structure. Which ion forms bridges between XeF5+ units in the solid state of XeF6 Which type of bridge is formed in solid state of XeF6. Which type of units are present in solid state of XeF6 What is the shape of XeF5+ units present in solid state of XeF6 Which species is formed when XeF4 react with SbF5. Give a chemical reaction : XeF4 + SbF5 . At which temperature liquid He is used as cryogenic agent. Which noble gas has its application in NMR spectrometers. Which noble gas is radioactive in nature. State whether xenone fluoride are powerful flurinating agent. A compound gives off odourless, colourless gas with dil. HCl and develops golden gellone colour to flame compound is (a) NaNO3 (b) CaCO3 (c) Na2CO3 (d) Ca(NO3)2

Q.598 Q.599 Q.600 Q.601 Q.602

Li has higher I.E. than Na which of two is a better reducing agent ? Explain which factor is most responsible for above results ? Why Na is kept or stored in kerocene ? Why Li is not stored in kerocene ? Bright metallic lister of freshely cut piece of Na is lost on exposure to air why ? Which of the following does not react with Na metal ? (a) D2O (b) C2H5OH (b) Li (c) Diethyl ether (d) Acetone

Q.603

M(g) M+(g) + e is most favourable in (a) Cs (c) Na (d) K Which is a characteristic of alkali metal (a) Conductivity (b) High I.P. (c) Low O.P. (d) High m.p., b.p.

Q.604

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PAGE # 21

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.605

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

It same molar amount of lithium, sodium & potassium are dissolved in water and the heat released are measured Q1, Q2 & Q3. Which of the following relations are correct.

Li Q1
(a) Q1 > Q2 > Q3 Q.606

Na Q2
(b) Q1 < Q2 < Q3

K Q3
(c) Q1 = Q2 = Q3 (d) Q2 > Q1 > Q3

M + H2O MOH + H2 What is order of alkali metals reactivity.

Q.607 Q.608 Q.609 Q.610 Q.611 Q.612

Li reacts with water slowly but when added to water explodes why ? How thermodynamic and kinetic terms can be related to above observation. Does during the reaction of K with water K solid evaporates ? When alkali metals are added to water how does it changes the pH of water ? How does alkali metals react with limited quantity of oxygen ? What happens when alkali metal are reacted with excess of oxygen K(excess) + O2 product is (a) KO2 (b) K2O (c) K2O2 (d) None

Q.613 Q.614 Q.615 Q.616 Q.617 Q.618 Q.619 Q.620 Q.621 Q.622 Q.623 Q.624 Q.625 Q.626 Q.627 Q.628 Q.629 Q.630

Which alkali metal can be used to absorb N2. Which elements are called S block elements ? Why I A group elements are called alkali metals ? Which alkali metal is most abundant in earth crust ? Why alkali metals are not found in free state ? What are Globular salt, salt cake, chilisalt peter ? What you call an element if it has 18e in Penultimate shell and 1 electron in outer most shell ? What you call an element if it has 8e in Penultimate shell and one e in outermost shell ? Why do alkali metals show mealability, ductility, etc. Why alkali metal have weak metallic bond ? Why alkali metal have low m.p. as compared to Transition metals. Which alkali metal is a liq. at room temperature. What is unit cell type of alkali metals ? Why Cs is used in photoelectric cells ? Why general analytical techniques like coloured ppt, titrations optical rotation are not useful for alkali metal analysis ? Why alkali metals do not form coloured compounds. How do alkali metals are qualitatively identified ? What are colours imparted in flame by alkali metals ?
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D U C

A T

I O

N S

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.631 Q.632 Q.633 Q.634 Q.635 Q.636 Q.637 Q.638 Q.639

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Why alkali metals impart colour to bunsen flame. Why different alkali metals impart different colours to bunsen flames ? In flame why alkali metals or metal salt is added to HCl to prepare paste ? Why in flame test Cu wires cannot be used in place of Pt wire ? What is the reliability of flame test ? How the formation of various oxides of alkali metals can be related to their size ? What is structure of Li2O, Na2O, K2O, Rb2O. Why some alkali metals form oxide some form peroxide and other forms super oxide. A student wish to confirm a white solid as Na2O or Na2O2. He dipped red litmus paper into freshely prepared solution of water and found litmus decolouried, solid is (a) Na2O 2 (b) Na2O (c) NaO2 (d) None

Q.640 Q.641

What would have happened if red litmus has brought in contact with Na2O. What happens when following is added to water (a) Na2O (b) Na2O (c) KO2

Q.642 Q.643

Which of following has highest bond order among O22, O2, O2, O2 Predict the magnetic nature of following ? (a) Na2O 2 (b) KO2 (c) O2 (d) Na2O

Q.644 Q.645

What is oxone chemically ? What is the order of basic strength of following oxides ? Li2O, Na2O, K2O, Rb2O, Cs2O

Q.646 Q.647 Q.648 Q.649

Why Na2O2 & KO2 are used in space ships. What are washing soda, heptahydrated sod. carbonate and crystalline carbonate, soda ash. Which elements of P.T. forms most stable carbonates ?

What happens when Na2O


(a) H2O lost (b) CO2 lost (c) Na2O + CO2 formed (d) None

red hot

Q.650 Q.651 Q.652 Q.653

Why alkali metal carbonates are stable on heating ? Arrange following in order of stability H2CO3, NaHCO3, Na2CO3 What is the order of thermal stability of alkali metal carbonates ? Arrange following ions in order as indicated Li+, Na+, K+, Rb+, Cs+ (a) Ionic radii (c) Hydration number (e) Ionic mobility (b) Hydrated radii (d) Hydration enthalpy

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PAGE # 23

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.654 Q.655 Q.656 Q.657 Q.658 Q.659 Q.660 Q.661 Q.662 Q.663

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

What is the primary co-ordination of Li+ ion. In what order M+ ions eluted from cation exchange resins ? How would you make LiH ? Why is it more stable than NaH. How does change radius of Li+ differ from other alkali metal ion ? What other ion has properties similar to alkali metal ion ? The solubility of Li+ cation matches to which other cation. why Li3N is stable where as Na3N does not exist at 25C. Why lithium salts are commonly hydrated where as other alkali ions are anhydrous. For salts of strong acids the Li salt is usually the most soluble in water of the alkali metal salts, where as Li salts are usually less soluble than there of the other elements. What happens when Li2CO3 is strongly heated till 500C. (a) H2O vapours are formed (c) Li2O, CO2 only (b) H2O, Li2O, CO2 (d) None

Q.664 Q.665 Q.666 Q.667 Q.668 Q.669 Q.670 Q.671 Q.672 Q.673 Q.674 Q.675 Q.676 Q.677 Q.678 Q.679

Why Li2CO3 decomposes on heating while other metal carbonates donot Alkali metal carbonates are good soluble in water. Explain why ? Why alkali metal carbonates are alkaline in nature ? What are the only five solid bicarbonates : Why Na2CO3 & CaCO3 differenting react on heating ? How will you make distinction between Na2O and Na2O2. What happens. When Li2CO3 & Na2CO3 are heated upto 500C. Why all bicarbonates decompose on heating. Comment on the solubility of bicarbonates ? Which of the two is more basic in Na2CO3, NaHCO3 ? What happens when Na2CO3 . NaHCO3.2H2O is strongly heated ? What happens when Na metal is added to highly pure liq. NH3 ? How does the blue colour of Na in NH3Cl, changes when Na is added in high concentration. Why solution of Na in NH3(l) appears Blue. Why do all alkali metals form same blue colour. Blue colour of solution of alkali metal in NH3 is due to (a) Na metal (b) NaNH2 (c) Ammonated e (e) NaLi

(d) Ammonated metal ion Q.680 Q.681 What organic application of Na in NH3(l) ? Na+NH3(l) observation are (a) Blue colour (c) Produce NaNH2
E D U C A T I O N S

(b) Strong reducing agent (d) Produce H2


PAGE # 24

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.682 Q.683 Q.684 Q.685

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Blue solution of alkali metals in NH3(l) is diamagnetic or paramagnetic ? How blue solution of alkali metal ion is decomposed ? What happens if NH3(l) is carefully evaporated from blue solution ? To blue solution of Na/NH3(l) if more sodium is added it show metallic copper coloured solution then its paramagnetism is (a) Increased (b) Decreased (c) The same (d) No change

Q.686 Q.687

Why paramagnetism of blue solution decreases on increasing concentration. Which other liq. form blue colour other than NH3(l) (a) THF (d) RNH2 (b) HMPA (e) Ethers (c) Diglyme

Q.688 Q.689 Q.690 Q.691 Q.692 Q.693 Q.694 Q.695 Q.696 Q.697 Q.698 Q.699 Q.700 Q.701 Q.702 Q.703 Q.704 Q.705 Q.706 Q.707 Q.708 Q.709 Q.710 Q.711 Q.712
E D U C A T I O N S

Which alkali metals is radioactive. Which isotope of Fr has longest life. What is the half life of longest lived isotope of francium. How many valence electron(s) are present in the alkali metal. Which type of ion (monovalent or bivalent) are formed by the alkali metal. Superoxides are paramagnetic or diamagnetic is nature. Which oxide of alkali metal is widely used as an oxidizing agent in inorganic chemistry. Give the reason for the low solubility of LiF & CsI in water. Why alkali metals forms salts with all the oxoacids. Which alkali metal have thermally unstable carbonate. Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (increasing order of occurence in lithosphere) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (increasing order of ionization enthalpy). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of metallic radius) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of ionic radius). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of melting point). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of boiling point). Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of density) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of standard potential). Cs2CO3, Rb2CO3, K2CO3, Na2CO3, Li2CO3 (increasing order of stability of carbonates) CsHCO3, RbHCO3, KHCO3, NaHCO3, LiHCO3 (increasing order of stability of bicarbonates) MCl, MBr, MF, MI (Increasing order of covalent character) (M = alkali metal) KCl, KBr, KI (Decreasing solubility in water) LiF, NaF, KF, RbF, CsF (Increasing order of lattice energy) Li, Na, K (Decreasing order of reducing nature in solution). LI2O, Na2O, K2O, Rb2O < Cs2O (Increasing order of basic nature)
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.713 Q.714 Q.715 Q.716 Q.717 Q.718 Q.719 Q.720 Q.721 Q.722 Q.723 Q.724 Q.725 Q.726

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of reactivity with water) Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs (Increasing order of electropositive character). Write the chemical formula of epsomite. Why Mg does not react with oxygen & water. Which gas is liberated from H2O by magnesium amalgam. Which oxide and nitride are formed when Mg burns in air. Which organometallic compound is formed when alkyl & aryl halides react with Mg. Magnesium acts as a (oxidising or reducing agent) in the production of metals such as Ti, Zr and Hf. Which alkaline earth metal is used as a an oxygen scavenger and for cathodic protection of other metals. Why the temperature of 1273 k is maintained when lime stone is heated for the production of quicklime. What is another name of calcium oxide. What is slaking ? Quicklime slaked with soda gives a solid. Complete the following chemical reaction occuring at high temperature (a) CaO + SiO2 (b) CaO + P4O10

Q.727 Q.728 Q.729 Q.730 Q.731

What is slaked lime & how it is produced. What is lime water ? Suspension of slaked lime in water is known as. What happens when CO2 is passed through lime water. Identify X in following reaction Ca(OH)2 + CO2 (excess)

X (soluble)

Q.732 Q.733 Q.734 Q.735 Q.736 Q.737

Milk of lime reacts with chlorine and forms a compound A which is a constituent of bleaching powder. Identify the compound A. What is gypsum. How plaster of paris is obtained. Why compounds of alkaline earth metal are less ionic than the corresponding compounds of the alkali metals. Which type of bond (ionic or covalent) is found in BeO. Arrange the following in order of their indicated property. (i) Mg(OH)2, Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Ca(OH)2 (Solubility) (ii) Ca(OH)2, Ba(OH)2, Sr(OH)2, Mg(OH)2 (Basic character)) (iii) Mg(OH)2, Co(OH)2, Sr(OH)2, Ba(OH)2 (Solubility)
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D U C

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.738 Q.739 Q.740 Q.741 Q.742 Q.743

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Name the ion formed when Be(OH)2 reacts with alkali. Give the chemical reaction How many halogen atoms are coordinated with Be in condensed phase of beryllium halides. Which halides of magnesium are soluble in organic solvents. Fluoride of which alkaline earth metal is known as fluorospar. Name the halide of the alkaline earth metal which is the only large scale source of fluorine. Arrange the following : (i) BeCO3, MgCO3, CaCO3,SrCO3, BaCO3 (Thermal stability) (ii) CaSO4, SrSO4, BaSO4 (Solubility) (iii) Ca(C2O4)2, Sr(C2O4)2, Ba(C2O4)2 (Solubility)

Q.744 Q.745

Nitrate of which alkaline earth metal crystallizes as the anhydrous salt. Complete the following reaction
2Ca(NO3)2

Q.746 Q.747 Q.748 Q.749 Q.750 Q.751

Name the nitrate of alkaline earth metal which is used in pyrotechnics for giving red flame. Why the sulphates of Be & Mg are readily soluble. Except Be, remaining members of the group 2 can have a coordination number of six. Why it is so ? Name the minerals in which Mg occurs in earth's crust. How Mg is obtained from magnesite or dolomite. Consider the following reaction CaCO3.MgCO3 + 2H2SO4 CaSO4 + MgSO4 + 2H2O + 2CO2 How the two sulphates formed in above reaction can easily be separated.

Q.752 Q.753 Q.754 Q.755 Q.756 Q.757 Q.758 Q.759 Q.760 Q.761 Q.762 Q.763

What is the chemical formula of magnesium sulphate which is obtained from the solution containing CaSO4 & MgSO4 is the temperature range 273-320K. What is the correct formulation of the heptahydrate form of magnesium. What is pottash magnesis & what is its chemical composition. Give an medical application of magnesium sulphate. What are the important compounds present in portland cement. Why portland cement was named so ? Who firstly used the name portland cement ? Chemically explain the setting of cement. Which element of group 2 is not known as the alkaline earth metal. How many valence electrons are present in Mg. Which shell occupies valence electrons in Ba. Which metals (alkali or alkaline earth) have smaller atomic radii. Give reason in support of your answer.
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D U C A T I O

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.764

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

The first ionization enthalpies of alkaline earth metals are higher than these of alkali metals but second ionization enthalpies of the alkaline earth metals are smaller than those of corresponding alkali metals why.

Q.765 Q.766 Q.767 Q.768 Q.769 Q.770 Q.771 Q.772 Q.773

Which alkaline earth metals do not give flame test & why. Which alkaline earth metal imparts apple green colour to the flame. When KCN is added to CuSO4 solution which complex is formed. Out of AgNO3, AgF and AgClO4 which salts are water soluble. Write the stability of Cu+ and Ag+ halide complexes are in increasing order. Most commen oxidation state of lanthanides is. The purest form of Fe is Cu+ is diamagnetic explain. Paramagnetism is given by the relation = 2 s(s + 1) megnetons where 's' is the total spin. On the this basis what is the paramagnetism of Cu+ ion.

Q.774 Q.775 Q.776 Q.777 Q.778 Q.779 Q.780 Q.781 Q.782 Q.783

What is gun metal. An acidic solution contain Cu+2, Pb+2, Zn+2. If H2S gas is passed through this solution, which of the ppt out. Silver ornaments turn black in atmosphere. Which gas is responsible. In dilute alkaline KMnO4 solution MnO4 changes to. What is d-d transition. AgCl and Nacl are colourless while AgBr and AgI are coloured. Explain. Why d-block element have ability of complexes formation. What happens when H2O2 is added to an acidified solution of K2Cr2O7 Which metal of 3d transition series have maximum oxidation state. Arrange the following hydroxy compounds in order of increasing acid strength, and account for the trend : (a) CrO2(OH)2 (b) Cr(OH)2 (c) Cr(OH)3

Q.784 Q.785 Q.786 Q.787

Explain how Cr(OH)3 can act both as an acid and as a base. Why does chromium seem to be less reactive than its standard reduction potential suggests ? [FeIII(CN)6]3 ion has magnetic moment of 1.73 B.M., while [Fe(H2O)6]3+ has a magnetic moment of 5.92 B.M. Explain. What is the EAN (effective atomic number) of the underlined atoms in the following complexes ? (a) [Fe(CN)6]4 (b) [Cr(en)3]3+ A (I) (II) (III) Octahedral Square planar Tetrahedral (c) Ni(CO)4 B (a) [Ni(CN)4]2 (b) [Fe(CN)6]4 (c) Ni(CO)4
PAGE # 28

(d) [Fe(H2O)6]2+

Q.788

Match the geometry (given in column A) with the complexes (given in column B) in :

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Q.789

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

One mol of the aqueous solution of the complex CoCl3.5H2O when treated with excess of aqueous AgNO3 solution gave one mol of white ppt of AgCl. What is the complex ? (For this you should know that how many Cl ions are not coordinated to Co3+ - naturally one which is precipitated as AgCl)

Q.790

Arrange [Fe(CN)6]4, [Fe(CN)6]3, [Ni(CN)4]2 and [Ni(H2O)4]2+ in increasing order of magnetic moment. Magnetic of Fex+ ion is tronic configuration.

Q.791

35 B.M. Determine number of unpaired electrons. Also write its elec-

Q.792

s- and p-block elements form coloured/colourless ? (a) Zn2+ (f) V3+ (b) Cu+ (g) Mn2+ (c) Cu2+ (h) Ni2+ (d) Sc3+ (i) Na+ (e) Ti2+ (j) Ca2+

Q.793 Q.794 Q.795 Q.796 Q.797 Q.798 Q.799 Q.800 Q.801 Q.802 Q.803 Q.804 Q.805 Q.806

Hg2+ salts are colourless. Explain. Compounds, containing the Sc3+ ion are colourless, whereas those containing the Ti3+ ion are coloured. Explain. Explain the term 'Lanthanide contraction'. Due to 'lanthanide contraction', second and third row transition elements (called 4d and 5d series respectively) have similar radii. What are the other properties do you think would be similar ? Reduction using Lindlar catalyst converts 2-butyne into .... TiCl4 is used as ........... catalyst in polymerisation of ethylene. Cracking of hydrocarbons in presence of hydrogen is done by ............ catalysts. VO2+ is oxidised to VO2+ by MnO4 in acidic medium, which in turn is reduced to Mn2+. Write balanced equation for this reaction. One of the following oxide is also called chromic acid. Select that one : CrO2, Cr2O3, CrO3, CrO. What is oxidation number of Cr in CrO2Cl2. What is oxidation number of Cr in CrO5 or CrO(O2)2 What is oxidation number of Cr in (NH4)2Cr2O7 What is oxidation number of Cr in [Cr(O2)4]3 Arrange the following ions in order of increasing strength as a reducing agent, and account for the trend : (a) Cr2+ (b) Cr3+ (c) Cr2O72

Q.807 Q.808 Q.809 Q.810

H2O 2 can be oxidised to O2 by MnO4 in acidic as well as in basic medium. Write reactions What happens when CO2 gas is passed into MnO42 solution ? Unreacted AgBr in photography is removed by hypo used as 'fixer'. What is the reaction ? (a) When H2S gas is passed into FeCl3 solution, yellow colour of FeCl3 changes to light green. Explain (b) Same behaviour is also observed when SnCl2 solution is observed. Explain.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.811 Q.812 Q.813 Q.814 Q.815 Q.816 Q.817 Q.818 Q.819 Q.820 Q.821 Q.822 Q.823 Q.824 Q.825 Q.826 Q.827 Q.828 Q.829 Q.830 Q.831 Q.832 Q.833 Q.834 Q.835 Q.836 Q.837 Q.838 Q.839 Q.840 Q.841 Q.842 Q.843 Q.844

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Given chemical tests for making distinction between Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions. When K2HgI4 reacts with NH3, brown ppt is formed. Explain the formation of brown ppt. What is brass. What is coinge metal What is nichrome. Name those anions which have high solubility Which anion has least ppt. test. Soda extract is prepared by which carbonate. Soda extract can't be used for which anion detection. Name effervetive gas. Which anions release gases which turns lime water milky. The milkiness of lime water is due to. Formula of lime water is. Mikiness of lime water dissappears due to formation of x on passage of excess CO2 X is. Which gas has suffocating order and responds to litmus paper. What is the colour of K2Cr2O 7 paper when it is treated with SO2. What is the oxidation state of chromium when it is reduced by SO2. In which medium di-chromate ions are converted into chromate ion. Which of the 2 has more oxidising action dichromate or chromate. Which type of substances are detected by potassium iodide starch paper. Which type of reagents are detected by KIO3 starch paper. What happens when white ppt. of Ba(CO3) is is treated with dil acid. Out of CO32, SO3, Br, I, Cl whose barium salts or silver salts are dissolved by dil. acids. In which case CrO2Cl2 test can't be employed. Which cation should be absent when CrO2Cl2 test is employes. Which anion other than halide should be absent when CrO2Cl2 chloride test is employed. What happens when NaCl is treated with potassium dichromate ? Chromyl chloride formation indicates formation of which gas. What is formula of chromyl chloride and its color. What is the gas released when Cl ions are added with conc. H2SO4. What is the gas evolves with Cl ions are reacted with MnO2. Which of the 2 gases Cl2 or HCl is coloured. What happens when chromyl chloride gas is passed into alkaline water. What happens when chlorides are added to AgNo3.
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Q.845 Q.846 Q.847 Q.848 Q.849 Q.850 Q.851 Q.852 Q.853 Q.854 Q.855 Q.856 Q.857 Q.858 Q.859 Q.860 Q.861 Q.862 Q.863 Q.864 Q.865 Q.866 Q.867 Q.868 Q.869 Q.870 Q.871 Q.872 Q.873 Q.874 Q.875 Q.876 Q.877 Q.878
E D U C A T I O N S

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Name some substances in which AgCl is soluble. Which of the Ag halide is most colored. Which theory explains colour of Ag halides. Which Ag halide is most easy to break by NH3 solution. Which halide ions on addition of concentration H2SO4 does not evolve halogen. How does solubility of PbCl2 depends on the temp. of water. Name one acid which on added to Br and I does not evolves halogen. Which liq. can be used for organic layer test. What is the colour of organic layer when Br and Cl are tested separately. Which oxidising agent can theoretically employed as for organic layer test of halides. What happens when Br ions are reacts PbO2. Name some reagents which can oxidise Br into bromine. Which halogen can displace bromide from its salt. When iodide is added to conc. H2SO4 which vapor and gas are released. Which hydrogen halide among HCl, HBr, HI can reduce H 2SO4 into SO2. When iodides are treated with H2SO4 acid, a yellow ppt. and rotten egg smell are produced, small is due to. Which halide ion can't be oxidised by MnO2. What happens when CuSO4 is added to iodide. What happens when hypo is added to I ion. What is formula of Nesslers reagent. What happens when HgCl2 is added to excess of KI. Which halide ion catalyses reaction between Ce4+ and aresnate ion. What happens when I ions are treated with acidified potassium nitrite solution. Which gas is coorless but on exposure to air turns brown. Which gas is complexed by FeSO4 to produce brown solution. What is oxidation state of Fe in brown ring test. Which metals or heating with NO3 evolves NH3 gas. Which anions show brown ring complex with FeSO4. Which gas is evolved when NO3 is decomposed by conc. H2SO4 What happens when NO2 are treated with dil. H2SO4. What is the colour of HNO2. Which gas is evolved when NO3 are reduced by Cu turning. Which of the 2 is soluble in HCl on warming BaSO4 or Ba3(PO4)2 What happens when BaSO4 ppt is reduced by charcoal in presence of Na2CO3.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.879 Q.880 Q.881 Q.882 Q.883 Q.884 Q.885 Q.886 Q.887 Q.888 Q.889 Q.890 Q.891 Q.892 Q.893 Q.894 Q.895 Q.896 Q.897 Q.898 Q.899 Q.900

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

Write some common sulphate which are insoluble. What is the formula of ppt. formed when SO42 are treated with mercuric nitrates. What is the formula of ammonium molybdate. What is the formula of ammonium molybdate that is commercially available. Formula of ammonium phosphomolybdate. What is the color of ammonium phosphomolybate. What happens when disodium hydrogen phosphate is added to FeCl3. What happens when ZrO(NO3)2 is added to phosphate ions. Which ions on treatment with ammonium molybdate produce canary yellow colour. What are the gases produced when C2O42 is reacted with conc. H2SO4. What is the colour of flame when CO is burnt. What happens when drops of potassium per mangnate is added to oxalate ion solution. What is the colour change produce when potassium dichromate is added to aq. solution of C2O42 ion. Which anion has a smell of vinegar. What happens when CH3COO are rubbed with oxalic acid. Name one substance which is an acetate and insoluble. Which anion show fruity ester test. Which reagent or addition to CH3COO forms blood red calouration. What is the formula of blood red coloration formed in above test. What is the formula of basic ferric acetate. Which anion other than CH3COO forms blood red coloration and then brown ppt on heating. Which anion on reaction with KMnO4 undergoes O2 catalysis.

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SOLUTIONS
Q.1 1. 2Al + 3O2 Al2O3 2. 2Al + N2 2AlN 3. 2Al + 3Cl2 2AlCl3 4. Al + Cr2O3 Al2O3 + Cr 5. Al + Mn3O4 Al2O3 + Mn 6. Al + HCl AlCl3 + H2 H2O Al(OH)3 + 3HCl 7. 2Al + 3H2SO4(dil) Al2(SO4)3 + 6H2 8. 2Al + H2SO4(conc.) Al2(SO4)3 + SO2 + H2O 9. Al + HNO3 No reaction 10. Al + NaOH Al(OH)3 +

3 H 2 2

High Temp. 11. 2Al + AlCl3 3AlCl

Q.2 1. Al(OH)3 + 3H+ Al+3 + 3H2O acid 2. Al(OH)3 + NaOH Na[Al(OH)4] or NaAlO2.2H2O base sodium meta aluminate

Below 450 C 3. Al(OH)3 Al2O3 (-form) Above 450 C 4. Al(OH)3 Al2O3 (-form)

Q.3 Q.4 Q.5 Q.6 Q.7 Q.8 Q.9 Q.10 Q.11

M(I) M'(III) (SO4)2.12H2O 6 water molecule act as ligands about mono valent metal cations and 6 water molecule act as ligands about trivalent metal cations. Almost any unipositive cations (except Li+) most commen alums have K+, NH4+ Al+3, Ti+3, V3+, Cr3+, Fe3+, Mn3+, Co3+, Ga3+, Re3+, Ir3+ Due to different type of ions. Li+ It loses water of crystallisation and swell up. Alums are used as mordant in dyeing. Acidic due to cationic hydrolysis of trivalent cation.
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.12 Q.13 Q.14 Q.15 Q.16

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

An aqueous solution containing equimolar amount of Al2(SO4) and K2SO4 crystallises as allums. Double dulphate of divalent ions and trivalent ions with 24 water molecules in their crystals are known as pseudo alums. No Al2SO4.18H2O Al(OH)3 + 3H+ Al+3 + 3H2O acid Al(OH)3 + NaOH Na[Al(OH)4] or NaAlO2.2H2O base sodium meta aluminate

Q.17

Al(OH)3 Gelatinous white ppt. Zn(OH)2 white ppt.

Q.18 Q.19 Q.20 Q.21 Q.22 Q.23 Q.24 Q.25 Q.26

It is prepared by passing dry chlorine over aluminium powder. Al2O3 + 3C + 3Cl2 2AlCl3 + 3CO In inert orgnic solvent and in vapour state. The high enthalpy of hydration is sufficient to break the covalent dimer into [M(H2O)6]3+ and 3X ions. Yes Acidic, AlCl3 + 3H2O Al(OH)3 + 3HCl Yes It is hydroscopic in nature. AlCl is unstable below 800C. It disproportionate below 800C 3AlCl AlCl3 + 2Al

Q.27 Q.28 Q.29 Q.30 Q.31 Q.32 Q.33 Q.34 Q.35 Q.36 Q.37 Q.38 Q.39

AlCl3 + Cl [AlCl4] Al2Cl6 + LiH (excess) Li[AlH4] Al2O3 -Al2O3, -Al2O3 -Al2O3 Al + Fe2O3 Al2O3 + Fe + heat 2Al2O3 + 2AlCl3 6AlCl + 3O2 -form -Al2O3 The strength of CC bond is very high. Pb Graphite CO
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Q.40 Q.41 Q.42 Q.43 Q.44 Pb

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

Free electrons present in 2p orbitals of graphite Graphite C -Quartz -Quartz Tridymite


15C
160C

840

1600C

cristobalite

Q.45

-Sn -Sn -Sn -Sn


15C

Rhombic Sn

Q.46 Q.47 Q.48 Q.49 Q.50 Q.51 Q.52 Q.53 Q.54 Q.55 Q.56 Q.57 Q.58 Q.59 Q.60 Q.61 Q.62 Q.63 Q.64 Q.65 Q.66 Q.67

160C

Rhombic Sn

The conversion of white tin (-Sn) is accompainied by an increase in volume and the letter, being very brittle, easily crumbles down to powder, this phenomenon is known as tin disease. When bent the metal produces a cracking sound due to rubbing of crystals over one another is known as tin cry. Sn Diamond CO, CO2, C3O2 H2CO3 HCOOH Fullerens are produced by evoparation of graphite by lesser. Yes 60 Purple colour Red orange colour Socker's ball Malonic acid CO2 SnO CO CO neutral, others acidic SiO2 Produce strong base by hydrolysis.
1300C CaC2 + N2 CaCN2

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.68

CHEMISTRY

IIT-JEE

P. JOY

HOH CaCN2 Ca(OH)2 + H2N CN

BH O
2

H2N C NH2 || O
urea Q.69 Q.70 Q.71 Q.72 Q.73

CaCl + NaCN + N CaCN2 + 2NaCl 2 2


K4Fe(CN)6 4KCN + Fe + N2

Coke

2KCN + H2SO4 2HCN + 2K+ + SO42 Alkaline


O2 HCN N C C N

Cu HCN Cu(CN)2 + NaCN


Ag HCN

2+

Q.74

Cl2 + NaOH OCl+ + Cl (CN)2 + NaOH OCN+ + CN both produced similar type of ions.

Q.75 Q.76

SiO2 does not have tendency of p-p overlapping. CO2, SiO2 Acidic GeO2, SnO2 Amphoteric PbO2 Basic

Q.77 Q.78 Q.79 Q.80 Q.81 Q.82 Q.83 Q.84 Q.85

Pb(NO3)2 PbO + NO2

CO2 Gives mellitic acid [C6(COOH)6] and oxalic acid. (R2SiO)n Silicones are produced. sp3 -Quartz Silicates are formed 2KOH + SiO2 K2SiO3 + H2O CaCO3 + SiO2 CaSiO3 + CO2 2KNO3 + SiO2 K2SiO3 + 2NO2 + O2 SiO2 + 6HF H2SiF6 + 2H2O C + SiO2 CO2 + Si

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.86 Q.87 Q.88 Q.89 Q.90 Q.91 Q.92 Q.93 Flint Super cooled liquid, pseudo solid. SiO2 + 6HF H2SiF6 + 2H2O Fluoro siliclic acid. Na2SiO3.CaSiO3.HSiO2 Na2SiO3.H2O

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

When transition metals are added into soda glass solution. Different type of colour are obtained. Silanes Sin H2n + 2 German Gen H2n + 2

Q.94 Q.95 Q.96 Q.97

Vertex of silica is formed. Si + 2NaOH NaSiO3 + H2 HF Silanes Toxic Autocombust Reducing agent Unstable Alkanes Not Not Not Stable

Q.98 Q.99 Q.100 Q.101 Q.102 Q.103 Q.104 Q.105 Q.106 Q.107 Q.108 Q.109 Q.110 Q.111 Q.112 Q.113 Q.114

KNO3 + SiO2 K2SiO3 + 2NO2 + O2 HF Corundum (Al2O3) and Carborundum (SiC) Glass SiO2 Soda glass Hard glass SiO44, BO33 Flint glass Stops U.V. light Pyrex glass
CaCO3 + Na2CO3 + SiO2 + H3BO3 borosilicate gass

Trimethyl amines sp3, Trisilyl amine sp2 hybridization N(CH3)3 Polymeric organocompounds contain SiOSi bonds therefore known as silicones. SiO2 form C does not have 3d orbitals.
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Q.115 Q.116 Q.117

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

Tin is purifyed by electrolytic method Both SnO and SnO2


SnC2O4 SnO + CO + CO2

Oxidation of SnO to SnO2 is checked by CO Q.118


NaOH SnO2 Na2SnO3

H2SO 4 SnO2 H3SnO3 stannic acid

Q.119 Q.120 Q.121 Q.122 Q.123 Q.124 Q.125 Q.126 Q.127 Q.128 Q.129

SnCl2.2H2O Sn(OH)Cl

SnCl4 SnCl4.5H2O SnCl2.2NH3 SnCl4.4NH3 HgCl2 + SnCl2 Calamel SnF2 Does not reacts with organic acids. 3SnCl2 + 2AuCl3 3SnCl4 + 2Au
H2O 3SnCl2 + 2AuCl3 2Au+ + 3SnCl4 Sn(OH)4

H2O SnCl4.5H2O Sn(OH)Cl

Butter of Tin Q.130 Q.131 Q.132 Q.133 Sn + HNO3 H3SnO3 SnI4 yellow, SnCl4 and SnBr4 coloured SnO + 2HF SnF2 + H2O Pb has more value of ionization energy then Sn due to poor shielding of the valence shell electrons by the electrons present in d and f subshells. Q.134 Q.135 Q.136 Q.137 Q.138 Q.139 PbO, PbO2, Pb2O3, Pb3O4 Because Pb+2 is more stable than Pb+4 Absence of d-orbitals in C C > > Si > Ge > Sn > Pb Three Fajan's rule
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.140 (a) C < Si < Ge < Sn < Pb (b) M.P., C > Si > Ge > Pb > Sn B.P., C > Si > Ge > Sn > Pb (c) Si < C < Ge < Sn < Pb (d) C > Si > Ge > Pb > Sn

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(e) C(+4), Si(+4), Ge(+4), Sn(+4), Pb(+2) Q.141 Q.142 Q.143 Q.144 Q.145 Q.146 Q.147 Q.148 Q.149 Q.150 Q.151 Q.152 Q.153 Q.154 Q.155 Q.156 Group V elements have ns2-np3 general configurator which is a half filled orbital having extra stability. So they have high I.E. As and Sb The bond strength between Bi-Bi is quite poor and secondly due to inert pair effect, it has poor tendency to form more no. of bonds with other Bi atoms. +3 and +5 NH3(3), NH2-NH2(2), NH2OH(1), N2(0), N2O(+1), NO(+2), N2O3(+3), NO2(+4), N2O5(+5) Group V elements have poor bond strength between their atoms.

HN=N=N
N2 Red, yellow, black. White and yellow White and yellow Nitrogen N2 has high bond energy. Nitrogen N2 others M4 p -d
H2O Ca3, N2 NH3 H2O Ca3P2 : PH3

Q.157

Ca3P2 + 6HOH 3CO(OH)2 + 2PH3 phosphene Ca3N2 + 6H2O 3Ca(OH)2 + 2NH3 Zn3As2 + 6H2O 3Zn(OH)2 + 2AsH3

Q.158 Q.159 Q.160 Q.161 Q.162

Hydrazine NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 > BiH3 BiH3 NH3

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.163 Q.164 Q.165 Q.166 Q.167 Q.168 Q.169 Q.170 Q.171 Q.172 Q.173 NH3 has H-bonding. NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 > BiH3 BiX3 Pyramidal PCl3 + HOH H3PO3 + 3HCl NX3 Yes Nitrogen Trihalides are more stable Yes

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

Gaseous state PCl5 and in solid state [PCl4+] [PCl6]

Q.174

Q.175 Q.176 Q.177 Q.178

Ca(PO4)2 + C CaCO3 + P Yellow Yellow P Red P

Q.179

Q.180 Q.181

Yellow (a) White P converts into Red P (b) White P appears yellow

Q.182 Q.183 Q.184

Polymeric structure. Insoluble Red water P P + Ca or Mg Ca3P2 or Mg3P2 P + Na or K Na3P or K3P

Q.185

Highly reactive, burshing into Hames when exposed to air.


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D U C

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.186 Q.187 Q.188 Q.189
O2 P P2O3

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PH3 & NaH2PO2 Reducing agent P + HNO3 H3PO4 + NO2 P + Conc H2SO4 H3PO4 + SO3 P + CuSO4 Cu3P3 P + AgNO3 Ag3P2 + HNO3

Q.190

PCl5 P PCl5 S8 P P4S3

Q.191 Q.192

White (a) Ca3P2 + 6H2O 3Ca(OH)2 + 2PH3 (b) Na3P + H2O NaOH + PH3

Q.193 Q.194 Q.195 Q.196 Q.197

H2O AlP PH3 + Al(OH)3 H3PO3 PH3 + H3PO4

P4 + 3NaOH + 3H2O PH3 + 3NaH2PO2 Ring of N2O5 are known as vertex ring. During formations of PH3, PH3 is oxidized by O2 and forms P2O5 P4 + NaOH Na2HPO4 + PH3 PH3 + O2 HPO3 PH3 + O2 P2O5 + H2O vertex ring

Q.198 Q.199 Q.200

N has no d-orbital thus it can't accept H2O as a ligand for hydrolysis. Due to high P F bond strength
H2O NCl3 X H2O PCl3 H3PO3 H2O AsCl3 As2O3 H2O SbCl3 Sb OCl H2O BiCl3 BiOCl

Q.201 Q.202 Q.203


E D U C A T I O N S

Bi does not show +5 oxidation state due to inert pair effect. B > Al < Ga > In < Tl BF3 < BCl3 < BBr3 < BI3
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Q.204 Q.205 Q.206 Q.207 Q.208 Q.209 Q.210 Q.211 Q.212 Q.213 Q.214 Q.215 Q.216 Q.217 Q.218 Q.219 Q.220 Q.221 Q.222 Q.223 Q.224 Q.225 Q.226 Q.227 Q.228 Q.229 Q.230 Q.231 Q.232 Q.233 Q.234 Q.235 Q.236 Q.237 Q.238
E D U C A T I O N S

CHEMISTRY

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BCl3 < AlCl3 < GaCl3 < InCl3 B2O3 < Al2O3 < Ga2O3 < In2O3 < Tl2O3 B > Al > Ga > In > Tl Ga < In < Tl B > Al > Ga > In > Tl Al > Ga > In > Tl C > Si > Ge > Sn < Pb C >> Si > Ge > Sn > Pb C > Si > Ge > Sn > Pb PbF2 > PbCl2 > PbBr2 > PbI2 Si < C < Ge < Sn < Pb N < P < As > Sb > Bi N < P < As < Sb > Bi NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 > BiH3 NH3 < PH3 < AsH3 < SbH3 < BiH3 PH3 < AsH3 < NH3 < SbH3 NI3 > NBr3 > NCl3 > NF3 NH3 > PH3 > AsH3 > SbH3 > BiH3 PCl3 > AsCl3 > SbCl3 N2O3 > P2O3 > As2O3 N2O5 > P2O5 > As2O5 > Sb2O5 > Bi2O5 N2O < NO < N2O3 < N2O4 < N2O5 P2O5 > As2O5 > Sb2O5 > N2O5 > Bi2O5 NCl3 > PCl3 > AsCl3 > SbCl3 > BiCl3 PF3 > PCl3 > PBr3 > PI3 PI3 > PBr3 > PCl3 > PF3 HNO3 > H3PO4 > H3AsO4 > H3SbO4 O < S > Se > Te O > S > Se > Te > Po H2O < H2S < H2Se < H2Te H2Te < H2Se < H2S < H2O H2O > H2S > H2Se > H2Te H2O < H2S < H2Se < H2Te H2O > H2S > H2Se > H2Te SO3 > SeO3 > TeO3
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Q.239 Q.240 Q.241 Q.242 Q.243 Q.244 Q.245 Q.246 Q.247 Q.248 Q.249 Q.250 Q.251 Q.252 Q.253 Q.254 Q.255 Q.256 Q.257 Q.258 Q.259 Q.260 Q.261 Q.262 Q.263 Q.264 Q.265 Q.266 Q.267 Q.268 Q.269 Q.270 SO > SO2 > SO3 H2TeO3 < H2SeO3 < H2SO3 F < Cl > Br > I F > Cl > Br > I Cl2 > Br2 > F2 > I2 F2 > Cl2 > Br2 > I2 HI > HBr > HCl > HF HI > HBr > HCl > HF HF > HI > HBr > HCl HF > HCl > HBr > HI HClO4 > HClO3 > HClO2 > HClO HClO > HBrO > HIO HClO3 < HBrO3 < HIO3 HClO4 > HClO3 > HClO2 > HClO HClO > HBrO > HIO HClO4 < HClO3 < HClO2 < HClO MF > MCl > MBr > MI I < I3 < I3+ < I2O5 < H5IO6 HClO < HClO2 < HClO3 < HClO4 HI < I2 < ICl < HIO4 He < Ne < Ar < Kr < Xe Xe > Kr > Ar > Ne > He XeF6 < XeF4 < XeF2

CHEMISTRY

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Concentration solution of NH3 is water. Hydrogen bonding. Yellow flame. Yes NH3 + O2 N2 + H2O Hydrogen bonding. Haber process. NH3 has hydrogen bonding like water. Good dielectric constant. NH3 has a tendency to form H-bond which helps to dissolve organic substances whereas its relatively low dielectric constant then water makes it a poor solvent for ionic inorganic substances.

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Q.271

CHEMISTRY

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AgI has covalent bond so it is insoluble in water but it is soluble in NH3 due to complex formation. AgI + 2NH3 l [Ag(NH3)2]+

Q.272 Q.273 Q.274 Q.275 Q.276 Q.277 Q.278 Q.279 Q.280 Q.281 Q.282 Q.283 Q.284 Q.285 Q.286 Q.287 Q.288 Q.289 Q.290 Q.291 Q.292 Q.293 Q.294 Q.295 Q.296 Q.297 Q.298 Q.299 Q.300 Q.301 Q.302

NH4+ + NH2 Acid - base Reducing agent. N2 + H2O NH3 + HNO3 N2O + H2O Linear One 2p NO + NO2 NO2 NO2 Diamagnetic N2O5 Vapour
50C [Fe(CO) (NO) ] Fe(CO)5 + NO 2 2 Pressure

[Fe(H2O)5NO]SO4 Phosphorous acid & phosphoric acids. +1 or +3 in phosphorous acid, +4 or +5 in phosphoric acid. Either one or two. Reducing agent White. One Orthophosphorous acid. NO Orthophosphoric acid. Pyrophosphoric acid. HPO3 (HPO3)n HNO2, HNO3 Oxidising, reducing, complex forming ability
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D U C

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I O

N S

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.303 Q.304 Q.305 Q.306 Q.307 Q.308 Q.309 Q.310 Q.311 Q.312 Q.313 Q.314 Q.315 Q.316 Q.317 HNO3 NO2 dissolved in concentrated HNO3 aq. solution HNO3 Birkeland Eyde & ostwald Nitrate ion. Urea. H4N2O4 & HNO4

CHEMISTRY

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By direct oxidation of NH3 using Pt as a catalyst. P2O5 HNO2 + HNO3 NO2+ P2O3, P2O5 P2O5 (i) P2O3 + 3H2O 2H3PO2 (ii) 2P2O3 + 6H2O 3H3PO3 + PH3

Q.318 Q.319 Q.320 Q.321

P2O5 P2O3 P2O5 (i) P2O5 + H2O 2HPO3 (ii) P2O5 + 3H2O 2H3PO4

Q.322 Q.323 Q.324 Q.325 Q.326 Q.327 Q.328 Q.329 Q.330 Q.331 Q.332 Q.333 Q.334
E D U C A T I O N S

Chloramine NH2Cl [2NH3 + Cl2 NH4Cl + NH2Cl] Hydrazine Ostwald Process. 2N2(g) + 6H2O(g) NO O2, O3
3O (g) + 2KCl(s) (i) 2KClO3(s) 2 MnO
2

CO2 + SO2 Sodium peroxide Na2O2 Pale Blue F2O NO No vacant d-orbital.
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Q.335 Q.336 Q.337 Q.338 Q.339 Q.340 Q.341 Q.342 Q.343 Q.344 Q.345 Q.346 Q.347 Q.348 Q.349 Q.350 Q.351 Q.352 Q.353 Q.354 Q.355 Q.356 Q.357 Q.358 Q.359 Q.360 Q.361 Q.362 Q.363 Q.364 Q.365 Q.366 Q.367 Q.368 Heating with a cobalt salt SO2 BaO ZnO

CHEMISTRY

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Elements that are on the borderline between metals and non-metals Sulphurous acid (HSO3) Alkaline Hydrogen High lattice energy BeO, SiO2, B2O3
O2 2H2S + O 2 2H2O + 2S SO2

8 O2+ > O2 > O2 > O22 O2 Yes 1 Na2O2 > MgO > ZnO > P2O5 Small size, High EN, Absence of d orbitals. Priestley Strong covalent between two O atoms due to p-p overlapping. Non-linear O2 = paramagnetic, O3 = diamagnetic Nitrite ion By action of a silent electric discharge 117 Increases to 3/2 times. O3 (i) Oxidation of organic compound, (ii) Water purification Group 16 Yes it can be oxidise all of them Zero 10% P4 + O3 + H2O H3PO4 Zero to + 5 False
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D U C

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I O

N S

INORGANIC PAPER
Q.369 Q.370 Q.371 Q.372 Q.373 Q.374 Q.375 Q.376 Q.377 Q.378 Q.379 Q.380 Q.381 Q.382 Q.383 Q.384 F2 Red U.V. Rays Chlorofloro Carbon

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

O3 + 2K+ + 2I + H2O KOH + I2 + O2 Solid H2O2 Skew, chain structure H2O or H2O2 Its strong oxidizing nature ready decomposition Yes Reducing agent Acid Basic HO2 and OH BaSO4 + H2O

OH C 2H 5
Q.385

OH
Q.386 Q.387 Q.388 Q.389 Q.390 Q.391 Q.392 Q.393 Q.394 Q.395 No Peroxodisulfuric acid O2 > O3 > H2O 8 FeS2 Frasch process -sulphur It is prepared by boiling milk of lime with sulphur and decomposing the product with HCl. 369 K, transition temperature.
Boil (i) 2S + Cl2 S2Cl2 (ii) 3S + P4 P4S3 1200 1400K (iii) 2S + C CS2

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.396 Q.397 Q.398 Q.399 Q.400 Q.401 Q.402 Q.403 (NH4)2 Sx SO2 Trigonal planner, 120 SO2 Reducing nature SO3 +4 and +6 FeS + H2SO4(dil.) FeSO4 + H2S H2(g) + S(l) H2S(g) Q.404 Q.405 Q.406 Q.407 Q.408 Q.409 Q.410 Q.411 Q.412 Q.413 Q.414 Q.415 Q.416 Q.417 Q.418 Q.419 Q.420 Q.421 Q.422 Q.423 Q.424 Q.425 Q.426 Q.427 Dibasic acid Bisulphides and hydrogen sulphides.

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

It reacts with cations and produced coloured insoluble sulphides. s is pricipatted. H2S is readly oxidized into s or its disprotonation to SH or S2. It's ligand ability is very weak. Dilute chlorine. H2SO4, it is used in most of manufacturing process. Contact process, Lead chamber process. Fe(OH)3 remove As2O5 in contact process. They absorb As 2O5 on their surface. 95% Contact process. Fe(OH)3 SO3 + H2O H2SO4 it is a violent reaction.
2 SO H2O S + O2 SO2 V H2SO4. 3 2O5

Intermolecular hydrogen bonding. Bisulphate and sulphate. 2 +6 H-bonding. Sparting of acid due to evolution of great amount of heat. H2SO4 is an oxidizing agent thus it can easily oxidised elements in their oxyacids. H2SO4 can form strong extensive H-bonds. Oxidising agent.
Conc. H2SO 4 C6(H2O)6 6C + 6H2O

Black
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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.428 Q.429 Q.430 Q.431 Q.432 Q.433 Q.434 H2SO4 H2SO3 Zero and +4 It can be reduce I2

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P. JOY

It dissolves unreacted AgBr from the photographic emulsion by complexation. Cl2 + H2O + Na2S2O3 2HCl + Na2SO4 + S Cl2 + H2O + Na2S2O3 2HCl + Na2SO4 + S Hypo is thus used as an antichlore.

Q.435 Q.436 Q.437 Q.438 Q.439 Q.440 Q.441 Q.442 Q.443 Q.444 Q.445 Q.446 Q.447 Q.448 Q.449 Q.450 Q.451 Q.452 Q.453 Q.454 Q.455 Q.456 Q.457 Q.458 Q.459 Q.460

Na2S2O3 Na2S + Na2S2O3 + I2 2NaI + Na2S2O3 S4O62 (Tetrathionate) aq. solution of hydrogen halides. Strong affinity for hydrogen. (i) CaSO4 + 2HF(g), (ii) Na2SO2 + 2HCl(g) HF HI > HBr > HCl > HF High bond dissociation energy intermolecular hydrogen bonding. Due to high EN & small size of F. SbF5 is a strong e pair acceptor. HF HF HF < HCl < HBr < HI HF forms a constant boiling mixture. It reacts with SiO2 of the glass. HF HCl HF HNO3 HF > HCl > HBr > HI K+ and [HF2] Fluorine ClOH > BrOH > IOH HClO < HClO2 < HClO3 < HClO4 +1

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.461 Q.462 Q.463 Q.464 Q.465 Q.466 Q.467 Q.468 Q.469 Q.470 Q.471 Q.472 Q.473 Q.474 Q.475 Q.476 Q.477 Q.478 Q.479 Q.480 Q.481 Q.482 Q.483 Q.484 Q.485 Q.486 Q.487 Q.488 Q.489 Q.490 Q.491 Increases.

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

Ba(ClO2)2 + H2SO4 2HClO2 + BaSO4 Chlorites HClO4 NaClO X = NH2Cl, chloramine Tetrahedral, sp3

O Cl O
..

..

HClO4 HClO4 > HClO3 > HClO2 > HClO HClO4 > HClO3 > HClO2 > HClO HClO3 < HBrO3 < HIO3 Cl2 + H2O H+ + Cl + HOCl +1 to +7 Acidic Cl, Br, I Cl2O least and Cl2O7 most acidic. ClO2 Ca+2, Cl, OCl CaOCl2 + H2O Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 Ca(OH)2, Cl2 It reacts with H2O and convert into Ca(OH)2 and Cl2 by auto oxidation. Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 Ca(OCl) Cl + H2O Cl2 The amount of Cl2 obtained from a sample of bleaching powder by treatment with excess of dilute acids or CO2. It produce nascent O by treatment with H2SO4. Autooxidation Mixed salt. 35 to 38% Yes Halogen means salt forming.
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Autooxidation

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.492 Q.493 Q.494 Q.495 Q.496 Q.497 Q.498 Q.499 Q.500 Q.501 Q.502 Q.503 Q.504 Q.505 Q.506 Q.507 Q.508 Q.509 At 16th group elements Alkali metals and halogens

CHEMISTRY

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Due to higher EN and their reactivity. I and IO3 X Cl2 Electrolysis of mixture of molten KF and HF Diaphragm is used to separate the two gases H2 and F2 otherwise these gases reacts explosively. By passing Cl2 gas into bromide salt solution 6H+ + IO3 + I I2 + 3H2O 6H+ + IO3 + I I2 + 3H2O When H2SO4 is added to NaCl with MnO2, Cl2 is evolved. K2MnF6 + SbF5 K2SbF7 + MnF3 + F2 True When halogen has 1 oxidation state. He, Ne, Ar (a) Mg + Br2(l) MgBr2 (b) P4 + Cl2(g) PCl5 (c) S8 + F2(g) SF6 (d) Xe(g) + F2(g) XeF6

Q.510 Q.511 Q.512

Covalent nature UF6

CaSO + HF (i) CaF2 + H2SO4 con. 4 Na SO + HCl (ii) NaCl + H2SO4 conc. 2 4
Pt (as bijects) (iii) H2 + Br2 HBr

(iv) 2I2(s) + N2H4 N2 + HI

5731 K

HI + S (v) I2 + H2S
Q.513 Q.514 Q.515 Q.516 PCl5 + D2O POCl3 + 2DCl Hypochlorite ion Cl2 + H2O + HgO HOCl + HCl, HCl is absorbed by HgO NaOCl
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Q.517 Q.518 Q.519 Q.520 Q.521 Q.522 Q.523 Q.524 Q.525 Q.526 Q.527 Q.528 Q.529 Q.530 Q.531 Q.532 Q.533 Q.534 Q.535 Q.536 Q.537 Q.538 Q.539 Q.540 Q.541 Q.542 Q.543 Q.544 Q.545

CHEMISTRY

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Anode Cl2 gas, Cathode H2 and OH obtain.


Cl2 Ca(OH)2 Ca(OCl)2. CaCl2.Ca(OH)2.2H2O

2Cl2O + 2NaOH + H2O2 2NaClO2 + O2 + 2H2O Ba(ClO3)2 + H2SO4 BaSO4 + 2HClO3 Ba(ClO3)2 + Cl2 Ba(ClO3)2 THCl. Used in rockets as fuels. NaClO4 + NH4Cl NH4ClO4 + NaCl x-x bond is stronger due to effective overlaping. Absence of unpaired electrons. Lower electronegativity difference. These are self ionizes Cl does not show +ve o.s. due to higher I.P. Fluorine I True True True True 11 IF7 ICl is used as Wij's reagent in the estimated of the iodine number of fats and oils Iodine no. is a measure of the number of double bonds i.e. the degree of unsaturation of the fats. IF < IF3 < BrF < IF5 < BrF3 < ClF < IF2 < BrF5 < ClF3 ICl3 is unstable. I+ ICl, IBr, ICN, I+3 ICl3, I(ClO4)3.IPO4. HOI (Hypo iodous acid) HCl. HF, HBrO3 bromic acid. (i) [I3]+ [AlCl4] (ii) Cs+ [IF8]

Q.546 Q.547 Q.548

ns2 np6 Ne = 0, Ar = 0, Kr = 10, Xe = 10 Gain or loss of electrons requires high energies.

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Q.549 Q.550 Q.551 Q.552 Q.553 Q.554 Q.555 Q.556 Q.557 Q.558 Q.559 Q.560 Q.561 Q.562 Q.563 Q.564 Q.565 Q.566 Q.567 Q.568 Q.569 Q.570 Q.571 Q.572 Q.573 Q.574 Q.575

CHEMISTRY

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Due to weak dispersion interactions between atoms. He He Rn ~ 1% Ar Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe Natural gas He
88

Ra226 86Rn222 + 2He4

1962 Ionization enthalpies of O2 & Xe are close to each other. [XeF]+ [Pt2F11] Electronegative Xe, O2 Xenon, krypton Radon Ar, Ne, He KrF2 6XeF4 + 12H2O 4Xe + 2XeO3 + 24HF + 3O2 XeF2, XeF4, XeF6 XeO3 + 6HF XeOF4 & XeO2F2 XeO3 XeOF4 XeO3 = Trigonal pyramidal, XeOF4 = Square pyramidal. XeO3 + OH HXeO4 hydrogen xenate ion

Q.576 Q.577 Q.578 Q.579 Q.580 Q.581

Perxenate ion XeO64 +8 Yellow Oxidising (a) XeF4, (b) XeF2, (c) XeO3 He non flammable & light gas

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.582 Q.583 Q.584 Q.585 Q.586 Q.587 Q.588 Q.589 Q.590 Q.591 Q.592 Q.593 Q.594 Q.595 Q.596 Q.597 Q.598 Q.599 Q.600 Q.601 Q.602 Q.603 Q.604 Q.605 Q.606 Q.607 Neon He XeF2, XeF4, XeF6 XeF4 6 XeF6 F Pyramidal Tetrameric & hexameric Square pyramidal [XeF3]+ [SbF6] 4.2 K Helium Rn True (b)

CHEMISTRY

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Li is better reducing agent. Because the big size of Na+ releases smaller heat of hydration. Na can reacts with air and water. Li is lighter than kerosense so it float over kerosene surface there if reacts with atmosphereic oxygen. The O2 of atmosphere tarnishes metallic surface by reacting with metal. (a, b) (a) (c) (a) Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li The hydration energy of Li is greater therefore a large amount of heat is evolved. Heat of hydration (Thermodynamic factor) is highest for Li but kinetic order of reactivity is Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li.

Q.608 Q.609 Q.610 Q.611 Q.612 Q.613


E D U C A T I O N S

Yes Solution become alkaline 2M + O2 M2O H2O, Na2O2, KO2, RbO2, CsO2 (b) Li
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Q.614 Q.615 Q.616 Q.617 Q.618 Q.619 Q.620 Q.621 Q.622 Q.623 Q.624 Q.625 Q.626 Q.627 Q.628 Q.629 Q.630

CHEMISTRY

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P. JOY

Elements which have (noble gas) ns1, ns2 configuration. Hydroxides and oxides of these metals are highly alkaline in nature. Na Alkali metals are highly reactive. Na2SO4.10H2O, Na2SO4, NaNO3 d-block element s-block element Alkali metals forms metallic bond by valency e s. This is due to lesser no. of electrons used by the elements to form electronic sea of metallic bond. This is due to covalent bond developed by the d-block elements in its metallic bond. Cs BCC Very low I.E. Alkali metal ion in aqueous state in alkali metal salts are colourless due all e's is paired state. Alkaly metals have inert gas configuration in ionic form. By flame test. Li Crimson red Na Yellow gold K Green (pale) Rb Blue Cs Blue

Q.631

Because photons or light energy of invisible part of bunsen flame is absorb by e s of alkali metal and get excited into higher energy shell. When electrons transite back it radiates light of visible region. Because energy gap of electron shells are different in different elements. Thus energy needed to transition and consecutive radiations are also different. To prepare volutile chlorides. Cu wire themselves in blue colour. Highly reliable Smaller ions forms oxide medium size ions form peroxide and larger ion forms superoxide. Antifluorite structure Depends upon the reactivity of metal toward oxygen. (a) It would have turned blue.

Q.632 Q.633 Q.634 Q.635 Q.636 Q.637 Q.638 Q.639 Q.640

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Q.641 Na2O2 + H2O 2NaOH + H2O2 Na2O + H2O 2NaOH KO2 + H2O 2KOH + H2O2 + O2 Q.642 Q.643 O2 (a) Na2O2 diamagnetic (c) O2 paramagnetic Q.644 Q.645 Q.646 Q.647 Q.648 Q.649 Q.650 Q.651 Q.652 Q.653 Na2O2 + HCl(dil.) Li2O < Na2O < K2O < Rb2O < Cs2O They easily liberates oxygen.

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(b) KO2 paramagnetic (d) Na2O paramagnetic

Na2CO3.10H2O, Na2CO3.7H2O, Na2CO3.H2O, Na2O s-block element. (d) Na2O2 and Na vapour are formed. s-block elements have calculate with high thermal stability due to less polarizing power of cations. Na2CO3 > NaHCO3 > H2CO3 Cs2CO3 > ........... > Li2CO3 (a) Li+ < Na+ < Rb+ < Cs+ (c) Li+ > Na+ > Rb+ > Cs+ (e) Li+ < Na+ < Rb+ < Cs + (b) Li+ > Na+ > Rb+ > Cs+ (d) Li+ > Na+| > Rb+ > Cs+

Q.654 Q.655 Q.656 Q.657 Q.658 Q.659 Q.660 Q.661 Q.662 Q.663 Q.664 Q.665 Q.666
E D U C A T I O N S

4 Cs > Rb > K > Na > Li When lithium is reacted with pure hydrogen lithium hydride is formed. Small size of lithium ion better balances hydride ion. Lithium charge to size ratio is very high as compared other alkali metal ion therefore this leads to covalent property in lithium compounds. NH4+, substituted ammonium ions, Ti+, Ag+, spherical + 1 complex (n5 C5H5)2Co+ Mg+2 Na3N does not exist at room temperature N3 has high ve charge & prefers covalent bonding which can only be developed by lithium ions among alkali metal ion. Due to small size of lithium ions the energy released by reaction of Li+ with water is greater than the energy needed to wides the crystal lattice. HClO4.3H2O (c) Li2CO3 is stable due to higher polarizing power of lithium. Hydration energy is greater then lattice energy. Due to anion hydrolysis.
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Q.667 Q.668 Q.669

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LiHCO3, NaHCO3, KHCO3, RbHCO3, NH4HCO3 Na2CO3 is stable. Na2O2 + H2O 2NaOH + H2O2 Na2O + H2O 2NaOH

Q.670 Q.671 Q.672 Q.673 Q.674 Q.675 Q.676 Q.677 Q.678 Q.679 Q.680 Q.681 Q.682 Q.683 Q.684 Q.685 Q.686 Q.687 Q.688 Q.689 Q.690 Q.691 Q.692 Q.693 Q.694 Q.695

Li2CO3 decomposed into LiO and CO2 but Na2CO3 does not decomposed. Because all bicarbonates passes H+ as an essential cation which polarises CO32 ions and decomposes into CO2. All bicarbonates all soluble in water. Na2CO3 is more basic in aqueous state. Decomposed into 2Na2CO3 + 2H2O It forms a blue coloured solution of ammonated electrons and ammonated alkali metal ions. Blue colour turns to colour of metallic Cu. Due to ammonated es. Because blue colour is exihibited by ammonated electrons, and electrons obtained from all alkali metals are same. (c) Strong reducing agent. (All) Paramagnetic
Fe By addition T.M. ion Na + NH3(l) NaNH2 + H2
3+

Residual deposition of alkali metal. (b) Due to pairing of electrons. (a, b, c, d) Fr


223

Fr

21 min. One Monovalent Paramagnetic Sodium peroxide Low solubility of LiF is due to its high lattice energy. Low solubility of CsI is due to smaller hydration energy.

Q.696

Due to their high electropositivity.


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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.697 Q.698 Q.699 Q.700 Q.701 Q.702 Q.703 Q.704 Q.705 Q.706 Q.707 Q.708 Q.709 Q.710 Q.711 Q.712 Q.713 Q.714 Q.715 Q.716 Q.717 Q.718 Q.719 Q.720 Q.721 Q.722 Li Na < K < Rb < Li < Cs Cs < Rb < K < Na < K Li < Na < K < Rb < Cs Li < Na < K < Rb < Cs Cs < Rb < K < Na < Li Cs < Rb < K < Na < Li Li < Na < K < Rb < Cs Li > Na > K > Rb > Cs

CHEMISTRY

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Li2CO3 < Na2CO3 < K2CO3 < Rb2CO3 < Cs2CO3 CsHCO3 < RbHCO3, KHCO3 < NaHCO3 < LiHCO3 MF < MCl < MBr < MI KI > KBr < KCl Li > K > Na Li2O, Na2O < K2O, Rb2O < Cs2O Li < Na < K < Rb < Cs BLi < Na < K < Rb < Cs BLi < Na < K < Rb < Cs MgSO4.7H2O Due to the formation of a surface film of the oxide. H2 MgO, Mg3N2 Grignard Reagent Reducing agent. Mg Reaction is reversible & proceeds efficiently when CO2 is escaped which is only above 1100 K. CaCO3 l CaO + O2

Q.723 Q.724 Q.725 Q.726

Quick time Disintegration of lump of lime in limited amt. of water. Sodalime. (a) CaO + SiO2 CaSiO3 (b) CaO + P4O10 Ca(PO4)2

Q.727 Q.728

Ca(OH)2 when water is added to slaked lime. Aq. solution of Ca(OH)2


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Q.729 Q.730 Q.731 Q.732 Q.733 Q.734 Q.735 Q.736 Q.737 Milk of lime. It turns milky. Ca(HCO3)2 Ca(ClO)2 CaSO4.2H2O

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When gypsum CaSO4.2H2O is heated to 393 K. Due to increased nuclear charge & smaller size. Covalent (i) Mg(OH)2 < Ca(OH)2 < Sr(OH)2 < Ba(OH)2 (ii) Mg(OH)2 < Ca(OH)2 < Sr(OH)2 < Ba(OH)2 (iii) Mg(OH)2 < Ca(OH)2 < Sr(OH)2 < Ba(OH)2

Q.738 Q.739 Q.740 Q.741 Q.742 Q.743

Beryllate ion. Four MgBr2 & MgI2 Ca CaF2 (i) BeCO3 < MgCO3 < CaCO3 < SrCO3 < BaCO3 (increasing thermal stability) (ii) CaSO4 > SrSO4 > BaSO4 (Increasing solubility) (iii) Ca(C2O4)2 > Sr(C2O4)2 > Ba(C2O4)2 (increasing solubility)

Q.744 Q.745 Q.746 Q.747 Q.748 Q.749 Q.750 Q.751 Q.752 Q.753 Q.754 Q.755 Q.756 Q.757

Ba
2Ca(NO3)2 2CaO + 4NO2 + O2

Strontium nitrate. Greater hydration energies of Be2+ & Mg2+ ions overcome the lattice energy factor. Be have no vacant d-orbital while other have it. MgSO4.2H2O, MgSO4.7H2O By treating with H2SO4 By fractional crystallization MgSO4.7H2O [Mg(H2O)6]SO4.H2O Potash magnesis is a Fertilizer & Its chemical composition K2SO4.MgSO4.6H2O. Purgative in medicine. Ca2SiO4, Ca3SiO5, Ca3Al2O6 When it is mixed with water & send the powder herdered into a block that resembled the natural limestone quairried in the Isle of portland.

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INORGANIC PAPER
Q.758 Q.759 Q.760 Q.761 Q.762 Q.763 Q.764 Q.765 Q.766 Q.767 Q.768 Q.769 Q.770 Q.771 Q.772 Q.773 Q.774 Q.775 Q.776 Q.777 Q.778 Q.779 Q.780 Q.781 Q.782 Q.783 Q.784 J. Aspdin in 1824.

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It is the hydration of the molecules of the constituents and their rearrangement. Be 2 7th Alkaline earth metals due to increased nuclear charge. After first ionization alkali metals aquired inert gas configuration therefore their second I.P. is very higher. Be, Mg : electron are too strongly bound to get excited by flame. Ba K3[Cu(CN)4] All I > Br > Cl > F +3 Cast iron 3d10 4s0 configuration Zero Mixture of Cu + Sn + Zn Cu+2 and pb+2 H2S MnO2 Transition of electrons between d-orbitals of a metal. Ag+ polarises Br and I Small and highly charged ions and have vacant orbitals to accept lone pair of electrons from ligand. A deep blue voilet coloured compound CrO(O2)2 is formed. Mn Cr(OH)2 < Cr(OH)3 < CrO2(OH)2 acid strength increases with increase in oxidation number. Cr(OH)3 + 3HCl CrCl3 + 3H2O base Cr(OH)3 + NaOH Na[Cr(OH)4] acid

Q.785 Q.786

Because of formation of oxide layer. [Fe(CN)6]3 has one unpaired electron (d2sp3 hybridised Fe3+) while [Fe(H2O)6]3+ has five unpaired electrons (sp3d2 hybridised Fe3+)
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Q.787 Q.788 Q.789 Q.790 Q.791 (a) 36 I(b), II(a), III(c) [Co(H2O)4Cl2]Cl.H2O (b) 33

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(d) 36

(c) 36

[Ni(H2O)4]2+ > [Fe(CN)6]2 > [Fe(CN)6]4 = [Ni(H2O)4]2+

N(N + 2) =

3+ 35 N = 5 (unpaired electrons) x = 3(Fe )

Fe3+ = [Ar] 3d5 Q.792 The s- and p-block elements do not have a partially filled d-shell so there cannot be any d-d* transition. The energy to promote as s- or p-electron to a higher energy level is much greater and corresponds to ultraviolet light being absorbed. Thus compound will not be coloured. Hg2+ has all filled 5d orbitals (no unpaired electron is 5d), hence no d-d* transition, hence colourless. Sc(21) : [Ar] 3d! 4s2 Sc3+ : [Ar] 3d0 no unpaired electron in d-orbital, hence no (d-d*) transition hence colourless. Ti(22) : [Ar] 3d2 4s2 Ti3+ : [Ar] 3d1 due to unpaired electron in d-orbital (d-d*) transition possible hence coloured. Q.795 There is a steady decrease in the radii as the atomic number of the lanthanide element increases. It is because, for every additional proton in a nucleus, the corresponding electron goes into 4f shell which is too diffused to screen the nucleus as effectively as more localised inner shell. Hence the attraction of the nucleus for the outermost electrons increases steadily with the atomic number of the lanthanides. This contraction in size is quite regular. This is called Lanthanide Contraction. Q.796 Q.797 Q.798 Q.799 Q.800 Q.801 Q.802 Q.803 Q.804 Q.805 Q.806 Lattice energies, solvation energies and ionisation energies would be similar. cis-2-butene Natta Zeolite 5VO2+ + MnO4 + H2O 5VO2+ + Mn2+ + 2H+ CrO3 VI VI (O = 2 diperoxo = 4) VI V Cr2O72 < Cr3+ < Cr2+ Smaller the oxidation state of the element in the ion, greater the reducing nature. Q.807 2MnO4 + 5H2O2 + 6H+ 2Mn2+ + 5O2 + 8H2O 2MnO4 + 3H2O2 2MnO2 + 3O2 + 2OH + 2H2O

Q.793 Q.794

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Q.808

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Aqueous CO2 releases H+ which can convert MnO42 into MnO2 and MnO4 in a disproportionation reaction. CO2 + H2O l H+ + HCO3 3MnO42 + 4H+ MnO2 + 2MnO4 + H2O

Q.809 Q.810 Q.811

AgBr + 2Na2S2O3 Na3[Ag(S2O3)2] + NaBr In both cases Fe2+ ions are formed due to reduction. Hence solution appears light green. Fe2+ gives green ppt with NaOH and Fe 3+ gives red brown ppt.

Q.812

2K2HgI4 + NH3 + 3NaOH

Hg O Hg NH 2

I + 4KI + 3NaI + 2H2O

(Iodide of M illo ns ba se) b row n p pt

Q.813 Q.814 Q.815 Q.816 Q.817 Q.818 Q.819 Q.820 Q.821 Q.822 Q.823 Q.824 Q.825 Q.826 Q.827 Q.828 Q.829 Q.830 Q.831 Q.832 Q.833 Q.834 Q.835
E D U C A T I O N S

70% Cu + 30% Zn 75% Cu + 25% Ni 60% Ni + 20Fe + 20% Fe NO3, HCO3, CH3COO NO3 Na2CO3 CO32 CO2 S2 SO2 and CO32 CO2 CaCO3 Ca(OH)2 Ca(HCO3)2 SO2 Green. Cr+3 Basic. Dichromate or chromate. Oxidising agents Cl2, Br2, KIO3, Cu4+, K2Cr2O7, KMnO4. Reducing agents. ppt dissolves through formation of CO2 CO3 and SO3 In presence of I and Br Pb, Ag, Sb, Sn
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Q.836 Q.837 Q.838 Q.839 Q.840 Q.841 Q.842 Q.843 Q.844 Q.845 Q.846 Q.847 Q.848 Q.849 Q.850 Q.851 Q.852 Q.853 NO3, NO2, chlorates.

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Cl2 is evolved as Cr2O72 are oxidising agent and oxidises Cl into Cl2 HCl Cr2F2, violet HCl Cl2 Cl2 CrO42 (yellow colored ion) is formed. White ppt of AgCl NH3 solution, SO32 solution, cyanide solution, hypo solution, amine solution. AgI Fazan's theory. AgCl Cl Soluble in hot water. H3PO4 CCl4, CS2 Br Br2 (Red) I I2 (violet / purple)

Q.854 Q.855 Q.856 Q.857 Q.858 Q.859 Q.860 Q.861 Q.862 Q.863 Q.864 Q.865 Q.866 Q.867 Q.868

Cl2 water, HOCl, NaOCl, conc. HNO3 Redox reaction take place and Br2 is liberated. H2SO4, HNO3, MnO2, PbO2, Cl2 water, KMnO2, NaOCl, HOCl Cl2 and F2 SO2 and I2 vapour is released. HCl, HBr and HI H2S All can be oxidised. Formation of white ppt of Cu2I2 I2 is formed K2HgI4 HgI2 K2HgI4 I It forms free iodine, which is detected by starch. NO
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Q.869 Q.870 Q.871 Q.872 Q.873 Q.874 Q.875 Q.876 Q.877 Q.878 Q.879 Q.880 Q.881 Q.882 Q.883 Q.884 Q.885 Q.886 Q.887 Q.888 Q.889 Q.890 Q.891 Q.892 Q.893 Q.894 Q.895 Q.896 Q.897 Q.898 Q.899 Q.900 NO +1 Al, Zn NO2, NO3 NO2 HNO2 i.e. formed releasing NO. Pale, Blue NO2 Ba3(PO4)2 Sulphide PbSO4, BaSO4, Ag2SO4, HgSO4.HgO HgSO4.HgO (NH4)2MO4 (NH4)6Mg7O24.4H2O (NH4)3 [P(MO3O10)4] Canery yellow

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Yellow ppt of ferric phosphate is formed. White gelatinous ppt of zirconyl phosphate is formed. Phosphate and arsenate CO, CO2, H2O vapours Blue Redox takes place. Orange Green CH3COO Smell of vinegar is evolved. Silver acetate CH3COO FeCl3 {Fe3(OH)2(CH3COO)6}+ Fe(OH)2 (CH3COOH) Formate (C2O42)

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