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Book of the Black Bass

Book of the Black Bass

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Publicado porkirtasbooks
MORE ABOUT
BLACK BASS
SUIPPLEMENT
BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS
JAMES A. HENSHALL, M.D
www.kirtas.com
MORE ABOUT
BLACK BASS
SUIPPLEMENT
BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS
JAMES A. HENSHALL, M.D
www.kirtas.com

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Sections

  • CHAPTER I
  • CHAPTER II
  • CHAPTER III
  • CHAPTER IV
  • CHAPTER V
  • CHAPTER VI
  • CHAPTER VIII
  • CHAPTER IX
  • CHAPTER X
  • CHAPTER XI
  • CHAPTER XII
  • CHAPTER XIII
  • CHAPTER XIV
  • CHAPTER XVI
  • CHAPTER XVII
  • CHAPTER XVIII
  • CHAPTER XIX
  • CHAPTER XX
  • CHAPTER XXI
  • CHAPTER XXII
  • CHAPTER XXIII
  • CHAPTER XXV
  • CHAPTER XXVI

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BOUT

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D gnUS Sllwstrated SJiCOND PRINTING CINCINNATI THE ROBERT CLARKE COMPANY 1889 . HENSHALL. M.MORE ABOUT BLACK BASS STIPPLEM ENT BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS JAMES A.

Inc.. .S. 1889.S.Copyright. HENSHALL Reproduction of MORE ABOUT THE BLACK of BASS" By Bass Anglers Sportsman Society - America* Headquarters Montgomery. All rights reserved. Alabama Copyright 1989 B.A. JAMES A.

THIS BOOK IS FRATERNALLY INSCRIBED THE AUTHOR . FROM THE UBCHIN WITH FISHER WITH PIN HOOK AXD WILLOW WAND "cORk" THE TO BTlLL- SAPLIXg" "PEELED FI.Y-PISHEB WITH AND ROD AND THE ARTISTIC CREEL.TO THE ANGLING OF GUILD AMERICA.

.

my publishers are alone of an responsible. by cuts that have been especially pre pared for manufacturers. I have thought it best. of illustrating specialities the and tackle. It is an exact reproduction excellent JAMES A. to issue addi tional ment matter or in a separate volume in the form chapters of a supple sequel the supplemental agreeing in number and caption with those in the original original edition. HENSHALL. The tools plan pursued in the using book. that it has been adhered to in the supplement. of For the new portrait myself. Decehbbb. (V) . its success literary enterprise (for all of which I profoundly grateful).PREFACE. and it has and received reception accorded to the Book op the favorable and notices and encomiums from naturalists. and the press. to let and the original edition intact. The very flattering THE Black Bass. CINCINNATI. 1888. and has been has so much commended a by anglers gener ally. photograph. beyond the the correction of a few clerical and remain typographical errors. to illustrate their in that line. as a anglers. am encouraged me to For obvious reasons. proved so desirable feature. has induced and bring its subject-matter down to date.

.

PART PIRST. Optics CHAPTER of Angling Hearing. op CHAPTER IV. Nomenclatdre and Morphology of additional Generic acterizations and specific descriptions authors. Reels .. Stocking of 56 VIII.. by the and Cuvier of and author type specimens. Black Bass CHAPTEE VII. . Various Makers Fly Rods Henshall Fly 09 Steel Rods. CHAPTER shall Fishing Eeels Improvements in Eeels of Click Eeels Multiplying Line New Reels XI. 88 Lines for Bait-FishingHen Lines for Fly-Fishing Metal Center Lines.. . Cause of Coloration of Black Bass . CH APTB R V. Spawning and HatchingExperiences in Bass-culture Nest Building Pood and Growth Food of Young and Adult 48 Hibernation. Terminology.TABLE OF CONTENTS.Fishing Lines New Various Makers.. 101 (vii) .. .. Scientific settled History op Linnaean specimens specimens Valenciennes' Identification Lacep^dn's. PART SECOND. Qualities Opinions Changes Anglers. CHAPTEE VI. 11 char CHAPTEE II. Comparative . in Rods Henshall of Rods Improvements Dowel-Mortise Joint Rod Non-Dowel Joint Power Sta'idmd Rods of . . Coloration of . Morphology. Fishing and Implements. Intelligence and Special Senses ... Tools.. Black Bass Nomen I. Smell Sight . of 15 CHAPTER III. CHAPTEE clature amd the Physiology.. On Inland Bass Waters with Black 62 Bass In Transportation Black Black Bass in England GermanyIn Scotland In Holland. Young 39 41 Coloration. CHAPTEE Eod Rod Henshall IX. Tackle. . . ent Geographical Habits of Distribution Original Habitat Pres Eange Transplantation in New Waters. . General and Special Features and the Black Game 29 Bass Black Bass of of Texas Arkansas .. CHAPTEE X.

CHAPTER Reward of Bobbing in Florida Trolling. Trolling at Murderous Sportsmen. Skittering.xes Buckets Landing Nets Disgorgers Extractors Holder Wading Shoes Pishing 131 Boats. Fish and Hooks Eyed Huoks 105 Snoods. .. . as a Bass Game of Brook Trout is Black Bass Black Bass not Disappearing The Survival of Why the the Fittest The and Fish Piscivorous Comparison Salmon.. Philosophy of Angling . CHAPTER XV.. . of . . CHAPTER worm Silkworm GutExperiments with or American Silk Gut Native Silkworms Leaders Snells. Skittering Bobbing- Tropical . . Popularity Extraordinary Minnow-Casting. of Angling .. On Lakes . .. as an Beauties Love Angling... Spoons- Triple Hook Hammered Spoons Artifioinl Artiflcial Minnows Adjustable . Still-Fishinq Angling of Fisher A igj Boyhood The our . SceneJuslification .. Natural Baits . XIV.. 129 Shiners.. Happy CHAPTER Still XXIV. Chubs. Fly and Spoon Mouse. . Artificial Flies Killing Flies Table .114 Spelling CHAPTEE Tying Hooks. Casting the Minnow Capabilities of the Min of now-Casting Henshall Rod CHAPTER Rod Mascalonge Red-FishTarpon . Bobbing and . .vill Xll. Trout. CHAPTER XVII. Cast. Hooks Numbering .. Nomenclature 125 CHAPTER XVI. CHAPTER XXII. Concluding Remarks.. The Angling.. Flies . Pot-Fishing jqa XXV. . Trolling Fishing CHAPTER A for Count Retrospection. CHAPTEE Conditions Governing Best Time fcir Black the Biting . Angling CHAPTEE Art xvm. .. PART THIRD.. Anglers' Miscellaneous Pliers Rod Implements and Fly Books Minnow Leader Bc. CHAPTEE XIII.. The and and Fly-Fishing.. Minnows. XXVI..A Labor of Labor The Last Love The . for Black Bass Mod ern Art General Instructions . jgg Gogebic . . Streams . 165 CHAPTER A XXLFly-Fishing Fly-Fishing Advice On . . Fish 162 When Fishes Feed XX. J59 CHAPTER XIX.. XXIII.171 Reminiscence.. a Fishing. of Flies 119 Henshall's Fluttering Fly. and of . Artificial Baits Evolution of Trolling . TABLE OF CONTENTS.

MORPHOLOGY. . TERMINOLOGY.PART I. AND PHYSIOLOGY.

.

In this connection. These the Indiana L^niversity Zoology Bloomington. can " of other are. Garden. sent of before Bosc his Charleston. S. I MAY be pardoned restoration of for referring to the fact that the Lacepede's names for the Black Bass species.SUPPLEMENT BOOK OF THE BLAOK BASS. some thirty drawing and description of the (11) . and Mieropterus salmoides for the largeBass. older names should be discovered. C. which does not seem probable. names the Museum Comparative at Cambridge. CHAPTER I. it is interesting to note that Linnaeus had two specimens of the large-mouthed Black Bass sent to him years by Dr. and says." not be changed. me. viz. institutions. as Professor Goode of and grounded now upon a firm foundation unless priority. SCIENTIFIC HISTORY OF THE BLACK BASS. has been fully concurred in and adopted by with the ichthyologists connected the Smithsonian of Institu tion at at Washington.: as proposed mouthed mouthed by Mieropterus dolomieu for the small- Bass.

12
same

SUPPLEMENT

TO

THE

BOOK

OP

THE

BLACK

BASS.

species

to

Lacepede ;

but Linne failed

to

describe

them.
"Alexander Garden,*
of

one

the

earliest

American

natural

ists,
the
and

was a physician,
middle of

resident century.

in

the last

Charleston, South Carolina, in He was an enthusiastic collector,
the
great

in

constant correspondence with

Swedish

natural
upon
'

ist,

many

of

his

letters,

with

the accompanying notes
volumes of

his

collections,

being

preserved

in the two

Smith's

Cor

Linnseus.'

respondence of
"

He

was

to

science

more especially a in that department
applied

botanist,
are

and

his

contributions

fitly

commemorated

by

the

name

Gardenia,

by Linnseus,
a

in his

honor,
that

to the

beauti
aud
of

ful Cape Jessamine.
was so careful and

He collected, also,
are

reptiles and

fishes,

conscientious

preparator
still

almost

all

the fishes
the
other

sent

by
of

him to Sweden
which

fishes
state

upon

Linne

worked are
most
of

in existence, though in a much less sat

isfactory
gone
"

preservation,

and

them, indeed, have

to destruction.
method

Garden's

was

to

skin

half

of

the

fish, leaving
varnish

the

vertical

and glue

fins attached, to press it in a botanical press, it to a sheet of herbarium paper.
specimens are

it,

"These

preserved

in the

rooms of

the Linnaean

Society
"

of

London,
summer
of

in Burlingtou
and of

House,

in

connection with

the

Linnaean herbarium

library.

In the

1883, by
the

the courtesy

of

Dr. William
permitted

Murie,

librarian

the Linnsean
of

make a careful

study

Society, Linnaean fishes,
as

we were and

to

especially

of

the
all

American
collected

forms, by Garden,
American
and

which

were,

and

which

has been remarked, almost were named and described

by
G.

*0n 193.

the

Fishes in

the Linnaean Collection.

Brown Goode

Tarleton H. Bean.

By

<Proc. U. 8. Nat. Mus

isSS

SCIENTIFIC

HISTORY

OF THE

BLACK

BASS.

13

Linnfe, in
tures.
.

the
.
.

tenth

and

twelfth

editions

of

his Sydema Na

"Linne had two

examples of

the large-mouth Black Bass from
not

Garden (Nos. 8
described the
"

and

40, Garden), but he does
with

seem

to have

species.

For No. 8, page 306.
"

see

Correspondence

Linne,

311 ; for 40,

see

No. 40 is labeled thus

by Garden :
No. 40. Labrus.
Nostralib.

Fresh-watkr Trout.

Since the

publication of pleasure of

the

"

Book

of

the Black

Bass,"

personally examining the orig inal type species in the Mu seum D'Histoire Naturelle, in the Jardin des Plantes, at
specimens of

I have had the

the Black Bass

Paris. Lacepede's
mouthed

type

specimen

of

M.
12

dolomieu,
and

the

small-

Bass (referred to
about
of

on

pp.

41),*
a

is

a

fine

example,
good

a

foot in

length,
It

and

is in

remarkably
a
small-

state

preservation.

is

undoubtedly

mouthed

Bass.
specimens sent and

The two
14
and

to the

museum

by

43),
are

from
"

one of

which

the figure in

Milbert (pp. Cuvier and
"

Valenciennes'

Histoire

Naturelle

des
one

Poissons

was

taken,
and

both large-mouthed

Bass,

being fully
sent

eight,
to the

the

other about six specimens

inches in length.

The four
*Book
of

from the Wabash river,

the Black

Bass, 1881.

14

SUPPLEMENT

TO

THE

BOOK

OF

THE

BLACK

BASS.

museum

by Le

Sueur (pp. 14

and

43),

are all small-mouthed

Bass,
the

the largest

being

at

least fifteen inches in length,
long.
with

and

others about one-third as

I
N.
of

am

very

glad of

to have had the opportunity,

Hon.

Longworth,

Cincinnati (an

old

Black Bass angler),
of

verifying Dr. Jordan's identification referred to in his paper on page 41.

these specimens,

CHAPTER II.
NOMENCLATURE AND MORPHOLOGY.

Genus MICROPTERUS Lacepede.
ADDITIONAL SYNONOMY AND

REFERENCES.

Gunther, Cat. Fishes Brit. Mus., i, 252, 1859. GiJNTBER, Cat. Fishes Brit. Mus. i, 255, 1859. Grystes GUnther, Intro. Study of Fishes, 392, 1880. Huro GiJNTHEE, Intro. Study of Fishes, 393, 1880. Mcropterus Cope, Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus., xvii, 32, 1880. Mieropterus Cope, Rept. Pa. Fish Com., 130, 1881. Mcropterus Jordan and Gilbert, Syn. Fishes N. A., 484, Mierc^terus Jordan, Geol. Surv. Ohio, iv, 942, 1882. MA&ropterus Gill, Standard Nat. Hist., iii, 230, 1885. Mieropterus Jordan, Manual Vertebrates, 120, 1888.
Euro
,

Grystes

1882.

Generic Characterizations.
Grystes
the

Giinther,

1880.-

"Body

oblong, covered

with

scales

of moderate size. on
vomer and

All the teeth villiform, without canines ; teeth palatine bones. One dorsal fin with ten spines ;
caudal

anal

with

three ;

fin

rounded.

Prseoperculum

with

a

One species, from the fresh waters of the United States (G. sahnonoides), attains to a length of more than Growler,' two feet. It is known by the name of ' and
single smooth margin.

eaten."

(Gunther, Introduction to Study of Fishes, 393, 1880.) Huro Giinther, 1880. "Body oblong, compressed,
with scales of moderate size,

covered
of

AU the teeth

villiform

; bones

(15)

S. however. U. BuU. the fin much smaUer 10 in number. " This genus embraces species. which are found every-where only two in eastern proach North America south and west of the Potomac river. than the dorsal . and as As. Head oblong-conic. back not much "Body elongate-ovate. of their fins parts. 1880. 393. the low and rather anal spines 3 . the first Lake Huron (Huro add six spines. Lateral line spines anal continuous. Mouth rather oblique.16 supplement to the book of tiie black bass. the Com. this to the limbo of undeterminable myths. with with the lower jaw " projecting. Fishes of Pa. caudal feeble. " I may MiCROPTERUS Cope. Preopercle weakly a ctenoid. usually ending in two flat points. but are most like the extinct genus from the eocene of Miophsus. Pa. operculum flap. The next name in order is CaUiurus Raf. that the name and characters of here that it were seems the genus Mieropterus based on a monstrous or mutilated rived were false be and absurd. acterized as Mieropterus." obtained some curreucy. Mouth very large. 1881.) MiCROPTERUS well-marked Cope. as its characters were drawn from normal objects. and was almost as badly char This name should.) Jordan. relegated name should The characters thus de Under ordinary circumstances. the tongue.. 1882. the CaUi'uprovis is peculiarly false in significance. 1880. Mus. 32. com elevated. Dorsal fin divided by deep notch. name Mieropterus has rus ionally. They ap the Labraces in forra. The ' Black Bass ' of Two dorsal fins. 1881." and other (Cope. 130. Study of Fishes. nigrica (Gun ther. oblique. ure the Rocky Mountains. I retain the former (Cope. Fish MiCROPTERUS pressed. specimen. vomer and entire ous . Intro. 1880. which is only applica ble to young fishes of this genus. Nat. its supplemental bone weU developed. however. xvii. Scales rather small. palatines Lower jaw . the broad maxillary reaching nearly to or beyond the posterior margin of the eye. . on Teeth on jaws. in the struct <^Bept. be adopted. the head without serrature.. none prominent. without cartilagin Branchiostegals normally 6.

1879. . Gilbert. the leaving . xviii. xvi. 1885. S. U. Fishes N. U. MiCROPTERUS ceding one.) is MICROPTERUS DOLOMIEU Lacepede THE SMALL-MOUTHED BLACK BASS. large. Surv. portant American 'game-fishes. salmoides Mieropterus GooDE. Rept. Mieropterus 37. iii. Ohio. iii. 49. Nat. of Size large. i. salmoides Goode. 1876 Mieropterus salmoides Nelson. Ills. 93. S. Bull. slight development the the of the spines. S. 1880. 1882. Nat. S. Mieropterus 1881. Com. A. 942. Nat. <iBull. a considerable emargination the bulk of spinous and soft portions.. Pro. 948 Jordan. dorsal. additional SYNONOMY AND REFERENCES. 28. and the caudal Hist. Nat.. Geol. Standard Noi.. 17 fin emarginate. 230. Geol. BuU. State Lab. Bean. Ohio. Nat. genus MiCROPTERUS especially the to the soft is distinguished the low by and the comparatively elongate form the body. Mieropterus dolomieu Joedajt N. among the most im (Jordan and Gilbert. Mus. 484." (Gill. Surv. 130 1881 Mieropterus dolomieu McKay. U.) (Same description as the pre "This of (Jordan.. . 96 salrmides Cope. V. 485. 1882. Hist. Gill..) Jordan. Syn.. 1882. 1882. which decrease between portion. Mus. S. Nat.) 1885.NOMENCLATURE AND MORPHOLOGY. iv. xiv. salmoides Mieropterus 1880. Mus. Pa. and Mus. The operculum has a spiniform projection mouth emarginated. Mus.. Mieropterus dolomieu 1882. Pro. iv. A. BuU. Fishes iv. Fish U.'" Two species. Syn.

Ac. and Mieropterus dolomiei Jordan Gilbert. Nat. Fordice. Pro. American Fishes. Jordan. Nat. Schwar/barsch. 1884. N. 339. Fishes. Bull. S. Pro. Goode. Surv. Nat. Pro. Nat. 1883. U.. and Mieropterus dohmieit Jordan Evermann. Nat. ii. Rept. viii.. S. His. Die Fischzucht. 7. 7.. A. Fishes N. . 67.. 231. U. etc. aud xxvii. 1885. Hist. Mus. Adirond. 1886. BuU. 148. 13. Bollman. 1886. 1885. 120. S. 5. dem Mieropterus dolomieu VoN Borne. 1886. S. ix. Sci. Nat. and Mus. Hist. Mieropterus dohmiei Bean. 401. dem 1885. Rept. Mieropterus dolo7niei Jordan and Meek. 1886. 3. . 464. iii... Mieropterus dolomiei Eigenmann Nat. 365.. Fhil. 12. U. Fish Com. Mieropterus dolomiei Jordan Swain. Pro.. Mieropterus dolomiei Mieropterus dolomiei Bean. 502.18 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. i.. Mus. Industries U. Mieropterus dolomieu 1885. Mieropterus dolomiei Evermann.. Nat. Mieropterus dolomieu Goode. Mieropterus dolomiei 1884. Hist. 1885. Manual Vertebrates. 1888. 5. Colvin Mieropterus dolomieu Mather. Mieropterus dulvmiei 1888. 54. Fish. Agric. 1886. Mus. Gill. Forbes. 8. vi. Lye. vi. Cat. 249.. Mieropterus dolomiei Von Borne. 1886.. 411. U. S. 1883. Standard Nat. Ann. Pro.. U. and Mieropterus dolomiei Evermann Y. Soc. Mieropterus dolomiei Jordan. 17. seo. Mus. 1883. Brook. Ind.

Ills. 5). 37. DOLOMIEU Jordan Com. MiCROPTERUS SALMOIDES Nelsou. Scales of cheeks minute (e. covering only about half the width of the bone. 1881." parts of the state. <iRept. line. Partial Cat. found in numbers. nigiicans']. ninth I. State Lab.. III.nomenclature and morphology. <^Bull. rays articulated.) MiCROPTERUS SALMOIDES Cope. Body " becoming of deeper with age. g. preopeicular limb none. a about 17 rows in of an line and about 9 in horizontal one). i. spine and being a the longest Qi. scales of trunk small (e. Nat. 130. 1882. with along the sides. which tend to form bronze luster . Small-mouthed . Dorsal 13 . but never . each and with series differentiated from advancing high up the mem scales or brane behind ray (except last two each ray. only about a fourth shorter than Pa. the young dull golden-green. Fishes IUs.. three). between oblique or bit and preoperculum. and not much shorter than the tenth. but less being about half as long Coloration than in M. Dorsal fin ninth spine salmoides. the longest. 1876. the 10-11 . 1881. in nearly (Nelson. Head large. the deeply notched. in 17 rows . darker spots short vertical bars. Fish and Doi'sal fin little half shorter than the tenth. MiCROPTERUS ovate-fusiform. sahmides. the orbit. anal. Fishes of Pa.) Gilbert. Hist. 16-1. all 1876.. 11 rows). 19 Specific Descriptions. 17. Mouth con large. between lateral line Scales on nape and breast much smaller and back. " Like tbe and proced- ing IM. gr. pectoral. Scales interoperculum uuise- rial. Scales margin on anal ascending high behind Mouth moderate. quite variable. lat. 72-75. 4." (Cope. scales on thc trunk so as compar atively small. Scales on dorsal developed sheath Scales as a of deep (involving the last spine) of small those on back. equal " than those of sides. the but smaller than in M. depressed. Supramaxof orbit Ulary ending considerably in front of hinder (about under hinder border of pupil). the maxillary ending margin of siderably in front cheek the hinder about Scales on minute.

20

SUPPLEMENT

TO

THE

BOOK

OF

THE

BLACK

BASS.

a

dark lateral band ; 3 bronze bands radiating from
;
a

eye

across

cheeks and opercles white

dusky

spot on point of operculum

;

belly
tips ;

;

caudal

fin

yellowish at

base,

then

black,
In
are

with white

dorsal
the

with

markings

brouze spots, its edge dusky. are obsolete, but usually they

some waters the fin-

very

conspicuous

in

youug.

Southern
the

specimens

lower

part of all

sides with

usually have the scales of the faint dark streaks ; adult specimens

have

these

marks more or
uniform

ultimately of a 3^; depth 3J.

less wholly obliterated, and become dead-green, without silvery luster. Head

Rivers

of

the

X, 13; A. Ill, 10 or 11 ; Scales 11-74-17. United States, from the Great Lake region to South
D.

Carolina
and

and

Arkansas ; abundant,
clear and cool waters

frequenting

running streams,

; its southern limit is bounded preferring by the presence of such waters. As a game-fish this species is (Jordan and usually more highly valued than its
congener."

Gilbert, 1882.)
as

Syn. Fishes N. A.
DOLOMiF.u
one.)

<^BuU.

U. S. Nat.

Mus.,

xvi,

485,

MiCROPTERUS
the preceding

Jordan, 1882. (Same description (Jordan, Geol. Surv. Ohio, iv, 948, Bean,
1883.
"This is
a

1882.)
MiCROPTERUS
and

DOLOMIEI

beautiful
as well
as

hardy

game

natural

U. S. Nat.
found
ward

baits, Mus.,

fish, extensively taken and largely sold in the
xxvii,

by

artificial

markets."

(Bean, B^uU.
is

464, 1883.)

MiCROPTERUS
north

DOLOMIEI
47

Goodc,

1884.
to

"The

small-mouth
whUe

to latitude
to

and west

Wisconsin,
and

south

it

ranges

latitude
of

33,

where

Professor Jordan found it

in the headwaters

the Chattahoochee

Ocmulgee rivers, the

latter

ing
sec.

being the only instance of its presence in a stream empty east of the Alleghanies into which it is not known to have
by i, 401, 1884.)
man."

been introduced

(Goode, Fishery Industries of U. S., Forbes, 1884.
more

MiCROPTERUS
and

DOLOMIEI

"Abundant in rivers

larger creeks, but occurring

rarely in

lakes, preferring

NOMENCLATURE

AND

MORPHOLOGY.

21 It
of
occurs

swifter

water

than

the

preceding

[other]

species.

throughout

Illinois,

been taken

by

us

but is relatively rare to the in the Wabash aad some other

southward.

Has

its larger
river."

tributaries, but not elsewhere south of the Illinois <^Rept. IUs. Stole Fish (Forbes, Cat. Native Fishes Ills.

Com,

67, 1884.)
MiCROPTERUS
DOLOMIEU
mouth

GiU,

1885.

"The

small-mouthed

Black Bass has the
of

the

adult

does

not

the maxillary comparatively small, the scales are con extend beyond the orbit ;
and
seventy-two

siderably smaller, there being the lateral line, and as many as ten

to

seventy-five rows

or

twelve

along between the
region of

lateral line
the
great

and

back.
and

It does
not

not extend north of
reach

the

lakes,

is

known to In

farther

south

than

South Carolina
with the

and

Arkansas.
species.

most

places

it is

associated

large-mouthed

large

a size as

its

relative."

It does not, as a rule, reach as (Gill, Standard Nat. Hist. , vol. iii,
"

231, 1885.)
The small-mouth Mather, 1886. was introduced into Brown's tract inlet, flowing into Racquette lake, some years ago, by the New York Fish Commission, and now they are plentiful in the lake and are working down into
MiCROPTERUS
DOLOMIEU

Forked lake lent theory
mouth or
'

and

toward

Long
is
'

lake.

.

.

.

There is

a

preva

that this
Oswego'

gamier'

species

than its cousin, the bigam

Bass,

an opinion

that I

not

prepared

to

indorse,
both
rond.

as

were

I have found but little difference between them when under two pounds (Mather, Colvin's Adi
weight."

Surv., Fishes, 5, 1886.)
DOLOMIEU

MiCROPTERUS
"This
the
species state.

Jordan

and

Evermann,
game

1886.

is usuaUy It frequents

placed clear

first among the

fishes

of

waters, especially those

with

some

current,

and

is

averse to mud.

It is

much

less

frequently
and

found
Ever

in

ponds

than the large-mouthed

Bass."

(Jordan
"

mann, Ind. Agric. Report, 13, 1886.) MiCROPTERUS dolomiei Goode, 1888.

The

oldest name

for

22
the

SUPPLEMENT

TO

THE

BOOK

OF

THE

BLACK

BaSS.

large-mouth
as

mouth,

is Mieropterus salmoides; and for the smallHenshaU has proved, Mieropterus dohmiei. It is hoped
which

that this

decision,

is

grounded

upon a

firm foundation

of

priority, may be permitted to ican Fishes, 54, 1888.)

unchange

stand

(Goode, Amer

MiCROPTERUS
growing deep ; dorsal less
ninth

DOLOMIEU

Jordan,

1888.

"

with

age;

scales on
notched as

the

cheek

Body ovate-oblong, small, in about 17

rows

deeply
about

than

in the

the

spine

half

long

as

\_M. salmoide.^'] ; the longest. Coloration
next

; the young dull golden -green, with darker spots on sides, which tend to cluster in short vertical bars ; three bronze
variable

bauds

across cheeks with

;

caudal

yellowish,

next

black,

with

a white

tip Head, 3J; depth 3J.
11-72 to 75-17.
dan, Manual of

; dorsal

bronze

spots.

Adult nearly uniform olive-green. D. X, 13. A. IH, 10. Scales, 10 or
pounds."

L. 1 to 2 feet ; weight, 2 to 7

(Jor

Vertebrates, 120, 1888.)

MICROPTERUS SALMOIDES

(Lac) Henshau..

THE LARGE-MOUTHED BLACK BASS.
ADDITIONAL SYNONOMY AND

REFERENCES.

1849

Holbrook, Cat. Fauna and Flora. <Statistics of Ga., 16. Mieropterus salmoides McKay, Pro. U. S. Nat. Mus., iv,
sahmides

Grystes

93, 1881.
Mieropterus
salmoides

Goode

and

Bean,

Pro. U. S. Nat.

Mus., V, 238, 1882. Mieropterus salmoides Jordan
N.

and

Gilbert, Syn.

Fishes

A., 484,

1882.

Mkropterus 1882.

salmoides

Jordan, Geol. Surv. Ohio, iv, 952, Hay,
Bull. U. S. Fish

Mieropterus 1882.

salmoides

Com., ii, 64,

nomenclature

and

morphology.

23

Mieropterus

salmoides

Bean,

Bull. U. S. Nat. Mus. , xxvii, Fish. Industries U.

446, 502, 1883.
Mieropterus
salmoides

Goode,

S.,

sec.

i, 401,

1884.
salmoides

Mieropterus

Gilbert, Pro. U. S. Nat. Mus.
Jordan, Pro. U. S. Nat. Mus.,

vii,

204, 209,
Mieropterus

1884.
salmoides

vii,

320, 1884. Mieropterus salmoides
1884.
Mieropterus
saimoides

FoiiBES, Rept. Ills. Fish Com., 67,

Gill, Standard

Nat.

Hist., iii, 231,

1885. Mieropterus
1885.
salmoides

Jordan, Cat. Fishes N. A., 17,
and

Mieropterus

salmoides

Jordan

Meek, Pro. U. S. Nat. Bean, Pro. U. S. Nat.

Mus.,

viii,

14, 16, 17, 1885.
Goode
and

Mieropterus

salmoides

Mus.,
Nat.

viii,

208,

1885.

Mieropterus Mieropterus Mieropterus Mieropterus Mieropterus 1886. Mieropterus
etc.,

salmoides

Jordan 1886.

and

Gilbert,

Pro. U. S,

Mus., ix, 21,
salmoides

Bollman,

Pro. U. S. Nat. Mus. ,

ix,

464, 1886.
salmoides

Evermann,
Jordan
and

Bull. Brook. Soc. Nat.

Hist., il, 7,

1886.

salmoides

Evermann,

Ind. Agric.

Rept., 13, 1886.
salmoides

Jenkins, Hoosier Naturalist, 95,
Von
dem

salmoides

Borne, Schwarzbarsch,

3,

1886.
salmoides
salmoides

Mieropterus
Mieropterus

Goode, American Fishe.s, 54, 1888. Jordan, Manual Vertebrates, 120,

1888.

Pro. U. Bull. pallidus Calumet (Nelson. 96. only important character which distinguishes the Texan form from the Floridian is the much smaUer size of the cheek scales. 31. Nat. . pallidus Mieropterus 1880. Nat. S. salmoides [Jf. Cope. Mieropterus 1885 sahnonoides Borne. Bull. Bean. Cope. S. i. Von dem pallidus 1880 Mieropterus floridanus xvii.. MiCROPTERUS dant the every-where Hist.) Hay." as at The young sometimes interrupted. State Lab. Mus. along IUs.24 1876 1879 supplement to the book of the black bass. 148. Nat. Mus. 1876. found sometiraes There is often a small patch of feeble teeth dolomieu^. iii. adults. Nat. 1880. state [Illinois]... Pro. Rept. Mieropterus 1880. This is marked by a dark. 497. as river. U. Pro. U. 36. 28.- It is called are instead of "Bass. . Mieropterus pallidus Goode. U. Mus. S." "Found in great far as I can learn. State Lab. S. Nat. 131." on the tongue of both this species and M.. Pa. Ills. i. Mus. conspicuously lateral band.) (Hay. "This species is abun [in Mis. Mieropterus nigricans Nelson. 1880.. Fish Com.. 1876. I do not know how constant this character wiU prove. 49. 1880. Nat. 1880. Specffic Descriptions. Bull. xviii. Bull. Hist . Mieropterus 1881. pallidus Hay. paUidiis Mieropterus xiv. and is esteemed as one of the "Trout. "It appears then. Cat. iii. MiCROPTERUS abundance NiGRrcANS throughout the are Nelson. S. Mus. Nat. Fishes Ills. iii. also in the MiCROPTERUS that the FLORIDANUS Cope. S. North. the The young marshes found in the myriads in the ditches draining <iBull." best food fishes. Goode. U. U. Fischzucht.sissippi]. 497. 36. Nat Mus.

g. pectoral.. erably behind the posterior Supramaxillary margin orbit. jr.. 3-5 in limb de Scales on and with dorsal developed series rays low (obsolete) shallow on sheath. 1882. g. (on breast). between lateral Scales on nape and breast scarcely lot. Scales of cheeks the entire veloped width of an the bone. 10.) MiCROPTERUS PALLIDUS Cope. fish is rather light colored . U.NOMENCLATURE AND MORPHOLOGY. Scales of interoperculum uniserial.. Scales on reaching the cheek in about 10 rows . Dorsal fin much compressed [depressed?]. membrane on behind the none Scales of anal (or ar Mouth large. large. which are line along the especially distinct below dusky tiiB lateral line. extending Dorsal rays consid ticulated. ascending comparatively little (none behind last five or six). Une.^-" Large mouthed. Fishes of Pa.) MiCROPTERUS ovate-fusiform. anal. Fish Com. I. 1881. 7^ 8 rows). blackish stripe along the sides from . III. age. 32. Head large. pressed." (Cope. 11). Mus. <C_Iiept. uM. and back. . 1881. S. row Scales of preopercular number). Coloration of the young dark-green a above . very few). sides and below greenish-sUvery . 14). Nat. Scales line of trunk moderate or (e. smaUer than those of sides. 12 (I.. adult notched. in the young shorter. " 1881. 131. moderately small (e. 14 (1. about ten rows in an oblique line and about 5-6 in a horizontal one). Body com becoming deiper moderately Mouth very wide. between orbit and pre operculum. scales on the trunk comparatively Dorsal fin very deeply Lingual teeth sometimes present. 65-70 ." (Cope. xvii. the ninth spine being only the about a fourth as Ipng as the longest. 25 Perhaps some of the names recently given to the Mexican forms may be applicable to a variety so defined. covering or not much (on nape). Jordan and with Gilbert. in imperfect as a (e. and there is a middle of each row of The Llano [Texas] scales. SALMOIDES Pa. the maxillary in the beyond the eye . and half as long as tenth.

) (Jordan. (Description same MiCROPTERUS SALMOIDES Jordan. and in the lower reaches of the streams and bay . <CBull. "The large-mouth farther to the of the North. as the <CJj-eol. 1882. preferring to a larger size than next species [M dolomieu^. and is readily distinguished by its the larger mouth and larger scales. ii. D. "An abundant fish every-where vary much with different Fishes N A. fin . in all perhaps as far occurring in the Red River Manitoba. S. 952. S. (Jordan and Gilbert. in every pond. I have the never succeeded The young in Black are found in finding the South a specimen of Lac. in latitude 50. bayous. Mieropte rus dohmieu (Hay. whitish at tip . 1882. John. caudal fin pale at base.. Fish Com.. Nat.) /%. and the color becomes more and more of a uniform opercular pale. 64. BuU. every-where lakes. the back being darker .) MiCROPTERUS ranges SALMOIDES west and Goode. iv. 13 . as 1884. and in the Southern States . It abounds the rivers of the Southern States. three dark oblique stripes across the cheeks and opercles . xvi. blotch usually present.) MiCROPTERUS SALMOIDES Hay. north. xxvii. TJ. 11 . 1-2 feet." (Bean. preceding. [Lower Mississippi VaUey].) MiCROPTERUS salmoides Bean. Both species waters.. 1882.26 opercle SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OP THE BLACK BASS. Ill. As the fish grows older the black lateral to the middle of the caudal band breaks up dark and grows fainter. then blackish. Fishes of Ohio. U. dull green. 1882. S. BuU. below and above the lateral band some dark spots . Rivers of the United States. from the Grreat Lakes and Red river of the North to Florida and Texas . . 1882.. the coloration and and sluggish waters. it is especiaUy erable sport grows to a larger size than the smaU-mouthed and common west of an the Alleghanies. Mus. Surv. it is to important food-fish affords consid anglers. "This species is gen eraUy abundant and Bass . from the James to the St." small-mouthed Bass." Mus. Head 3J . Ohio. depth 3. 484. 1883.. belly white. TJ. a L. scales 8-68-16. 1883. Nat. It grows abundant. 446. A. X.

27 OUS connected with the Gulf of Mexico. of Native Fishes Ills. 1886 The young may be known at once bythe color. so "The large-mouthed that the maxillary scales are quite Black Bass has the adult extends deeply the cleft." Evermann. dard Nat. " Texas. and the between the lateral line and the back is only of The distribution in this form extends from the British and another vol. 401. however. 1884. which reach the dorsal are fin. Nat.) state. The is. throughout Illinois. the ground being here much paler than in the other \M. Agric.) and MiCROPTERUS specimens SALMOIDES Gilbert. MiCROPTERUS the SALMOIDES mouth of Gill. and [Texas] mouth agree with northern ones in form and tion. ix. 1886. of very distinct longitudinal streaks follow The caudal fin has narrow cross-streaks (Jordan and formed dark spots. to seventy in the lateral line. around to itude 27. 21." Gilbert. Black Bass favors especially lakes. TJ. part the whole. Iol. Food Fishes Ind." (Goode. provinces is very wide.^Ind." Florida. of back the large. 231. and Pro. S. a little smaller. num seven there being sixty-five ber or of rows eight. It although and is the the common southern form Black Bass. Stan "These squama- Hist. . (Forbes. the coloration nu is somewhat merous and different.. no more abundant there than iu the northern <CiRept. State Fish Cmn.NOMENCLATURE AND MORPHOLOGY. below this there the ing rows of scales. 1884. and there (Jordan and being a broad blackish band along the sides. Rept. 1884. i." Ills. in lat S. perhaps.. MiCROPTERUS SALMOIDES <. 13. 1886. Jordan. Mus. 1888.) "Body rather .. 1886. dohmieu"]. iii. Cat. orbit 1885.) Forbes. 1885.) MiCROPTERUS " SALMOIDES Jordan Evermann.. The lateral band is broken up into irregular dark cross-streaks. Fishery Industries SALOMiDES TJ. sec. and it southward in one direction to Mexico. direction into Jordan (Gill. ponds but on of MiCROPTERUS occurs also The large-mouthed sluggish in rivers and large of creeks waters.

13. weight 3 to 8 across pounds. Adult dull green. growing deeper with age. A. Manual Vertebrates. with sides with a above and some dark spots broad blackish band in young." (Jordan. silvery below . L. 1 to 2^ feet. D. 1888. in about 10 rows . 11. 120. Scales 8-68-16. Head 3J . tip. depth 3. scales on cheek large. HI. nearly plain. mesiaUy dusky. below it .28 deeper SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK and more compressed BASS.) . than in the preceding [Jf. dolomieu']. X. three dark stripes caudal pale at base and cheeks . ninth dorsal spine not half length of longest. Color dark green.

GENERAL AND SPECIAL FEATURES. Arkansas. As to a comparison of game qualities. Cope. of so also we occasionally find similar variation and in the large-mouthed the Bass sippi of the northern southern portions Missis Valley. longitudinal streaks. D. Prof. while in of all other features differed same species of the agreeing North and of Florida. 1880. in the autumn of 1885. also in the squamation the markings They by showing differed several slightly in coloration and especially noticeable I observed these several variations. By B. though not quite so pronounced. and where the two spe cies inhabit the same waters. as between the small-mouthed Bass and the large-mouthed Bass. <Bull. for. 31. below the lateral line. Francis river.* a few years ago.CHAPTER III. the cheeks. xvii. S. Kat. of somewhat and in the smaller size of the gill- scales covers. in several large-mouthed Bass taken in the St. while the small-mouth is probably more active in its movements. Mus. took several Cope. As there is mouthed a geographical variation of between the small- Bass the a extreme North and South. I still hold that. the large-mouthed Bass is *0n the Zoological Position U. large-mouthed the Bass. which. other things being equal. of more power- Texas. there is no difference in game qualities . with when in Texas. dusky. Edward D.. (^9j .

qualities of a what are game fish ? to the As I under it. and its strength and cunning. of its readiness to take natural bait. in its efforts to break away being hooked. who un exceeds the large-mouthed Bass in fortunately. after persistence and activity. however. saying that Germany he has observed that the large-mouthed Black Bass rises better to the artificial fly than the small-mouthed and Bass. though. are not." anglers on this subject. whether he is fast to he has the the a large-mouthed or a small-mouthed Bass. rise equally well to the arti ficial fly. current notice by anglers in various the The Bass but erroneous opinion that the small-mouthed game qualities. the fishery editor of Forest ind Mr. and do not pretend to be. of (who has been very successful in introducing and propagating the Black Bass in that country). Re species of Both Black Bass cently I received a letter from Count Von dem Borne. becoming better known. But stand until ocular evidence. Two or three years ago. solicited the opinions of for the species the Black Bass is is " Stream. and no angler can tell from its manner of " fighting. it has like been brought to my country. ful . parts My wise of own experience rather favors this view. this un fair and unmerited comparison is fast dying out. anglers. they are : its a aptitude to rise artificial exhibition fly. and fly-fishing being more commonly practiced. Fred. But but who imbibed this to opinion second-hand from prejudiced anglers who ought as have known better. has been very widespread. I think the large-mouthed Bass has the advantage. from which I select a few from . Mather.30 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. if there be any difference in this respect. and has been much enhanced by the indorsement of several of our best ichthyologists.

New York City.. was confident he from its manner of " could not do so. T. opinion as a that the big- game fish. and was no bighe gave in. 31 various parts of the country. F. he declared before seeing it must weigh twice that figure. and denounced the vulgarian. Wisconwere consin. : Mr. for forced to nor acknowledge himself make quished. Last were Bass fishing with a gentleman who was strongly prejudiced against which ' the big-mouth . has very extensive country.' other as a dash in him. T is well known as a participant in the fly contests bait-casting and was a in the tournaments at of the Na tional Rod Reel Association. F. and New York. but. a and Dr. This has been the fish has repeated so often believed. qualities could Dr. fish was as gamy as the other. Gill first that there or were only two one Black ' Bass. and that he one any other angler could " " the distinction. The was matter was finally put to a practical van test. and acknowledged that there was more fight mouth. Bass. T. Mather inaugurated the discussion " as follows We have for many years been of the mouthed Black Bass has been underrated found in Northern showed waters.. undeservedly. I both of was at Gogebic lake. among a number of prominent anglers. on taking a two-pounder.GENERAL AND SPECIAL FEATURES. some the fighting qualities of small-mouth. F. and and angling experience in all parts of the Dr. instead the no with of a dozen so." credit In the summer of 1885. where." Dr. fighting. given and never recovered that it is generally from the bad name month we to it. Dr. had F. when About the time species of praised when Dr. when Dr.' in the fish than he had ever given it for. Dr. of firm believer in the superior game the small-mouthed declared that he in variably tell what species of Black Bass he had hooked. I . as we think.

from one side of skiff could be taken the other small-mouth of one and a half pounds. to the other. though they would sulk and fight for aside every inch of line with as much determination as ever shown on by the small-mouth. Lawrence same river. superior gameness good as large-mouth in brook trout A or weedy pond. says of the large- Bass we : " Since began fishing the North Michigan waters I have be- . fuU main weighing from three to five and game. gentleman Opinicon ") of Utica. and the angler having one his hook had business hand. might add that this result wiU be obtained wherever the two species exist give in the same waters. from choice. a I the opinions of few anglers who have fished for both species in the same waters. the large-mouth less ing. large-mouths." of mouthed Cincinnati. sport as be desired. that when struck. cold or as a game fish. These fish " were life The difference between the two kinds of Black Bass be from weight. in the pounds." on "Kingfisher. Y. The writer using fine tackle as good has. whUe fishing on a lake the forming the St. angled for the large-mouth in reason preference that the former were of good size. N. the large-mouth offers angler Bass. (" and this holds to the any : other game-fish. stream A small-mouthed Bass in in a swift. rocky to a is. of and from the side.32 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK Of THE BLACK BASS. when two to six pounds. expresses himself as follows "Pound for pound the small-mouth excels large-mouth. frequently broke water. water. the only . as all other comparisons are of no weight.. Ohio. but in to the this respect its brother. as a matter of a course. principally for thc During the past sum a part of mer. taken in running from deep could water.

in derhook " lake." Dubuque. I have also found those when which excelled in them. few rushes. or that opinion with is more pronounced in that than in any other which I am acquainted.GENERAL AND SPECIAL FEATURES. I think that to their your opinion fishes do above fight in proportion weight when are they are two pounds in weight. 33 come arm better acquainted with out. and have handled them tUl my has been tired a hard fighters for gle after a I am not going to say they are not good. with ing ing them to net note of their gameness in advance of I think that the in favor this of general opinion in Central New York is as a game section the small-mouthed Bass fish. There is evidently of something wrong tioned with the large-mouthed Bass says of the men Kin- locality. Last week I took took and species. muddy warm. and again when in like The same can be exceUed. which fish has been hooked termine. is correct. any river. not As a rule. for Ira Wood this species. aud before bring know to de in my opinion it is impossible for one degree of accuracy. but they seem to lose heart in the strug whUe. has years this to say : ' ' For the past twenty I have taken these fishes in the reel. make tireless vigor of every thing that counts in the of a thoroughly of fish." game " Dubuque. when fishing in the Mississippi by the species. and while Mississippi viduals of river with rod and I have found indi game both species which were lacking in qualities. near Albany : and The lake is shallow." its fighting qualities. them. be said of that these small-mouth. could I have taken the not big-mouth the I thought its it came gameness a stick. and the fish are aU . but there several of each individual exceptions even " to this. the and equal of the small-mouth in dash. and it would be hard to convince me that they up are any thing like action. Iowa.

there is a difference in the ' fishes. . in the bave alluded. the in the ' in the slack water or holes of that an shoaly places. any fish to catch. and " spoon. . than in a three-pound deceive when first hooked. Arkansas. or a game fish to eat." Salmon Newport. S." opinion. impression favorable to manner' the big-mouth. one ' both in numbers. if a you find any meat left." many half pounds of as as fifty day (in early times). says : say that. head. " Of course. tail and skin . and. the first other large-mouth. I started in stream.34 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. the being more . whUe both time. I have found wUl or no Uttle difference between them. bait. weight. by being less are weight. more cussedness and endurance. from Minnesota to Florida. a veteran fifty great years' experi and whose opinion is entitled to weight. following shows : of shares this general "There is more more fight and more game. the without prejudice. for instance. up to six and a Roe.'' thing but gamy " Syracuse. New York. The big-mouth. it is muddy in taste . takes the of stream the two which to I fly much more freely than his neighbor. and came out with . time and offers the follow ing testimony : "Last year I spent some investigating where swift the comparative gaminess of the small-mouth the big-mouth Black Bass in species exist and the Little Red River about equal other of Arkansas. C." good enough. ence. and. "I more Clarke. in a one and a half pound small-mouth Black Bass and having both wiU and barred sides. after being stripped of these. I prefer the small-mouth every angler of Mr. from an acquaintance with both species for than forty years. and I have taken them in a with fly. as the Syracuse.

There is nothing will indirect about him wind he is hooked. Then he cut the line on rocks." " Cyrtonyx. statement Swift running that not water is the best for fly-fish mud and ing. and re a reliable ferred to the mouth. however. in lakes. the pursuit without an attempt This I have goes straight never known the big-mouth to do. river any trout stream . On the with rule." of Stanton. and things. smaU-mouth. etc. as a way. I have frequently ob foUow the lure for a while. speaking it is but the small ones that take it small-mouths are seldom not at The big-sized years ago not caught about that Four I saw a number of complaints the Black Bass being articles were fish for the fly. I have the Gulf not States.. of the abundance of his heart his mouth speaketh : "I have part of caught the large-mouth Black Bass from the through most of southern north Louisiana. weeds. would If the writers had tried the their large- they and probably have changed opinions. but that I have big does ones not by splendidly bait-fishing. La. New Mexico. 35 taking. to it. In this regard he is worse. (remember I flies).GENERAL AND SPECIAL FEATURES. but nearly all these from Pennsylvania. New York and Ohio. other hand. tangle it among weeds. if he be Fort so bad. . is a very close out and reliable observer. to the and always found that they caught as rise fly. am the small-mouth of take the fly freely troUing all. and legitimate fly-fishiug. and fights it untU out on that line. and go nowhere "I have caught else. ponds. and to capture. The they invariably Uke true. and a good angler and fly-fisher . as his sly neighbor the small- mouth. is simply the large-mouth in the as clear and pure a Amite. I in have caught the large-mouth Black Bass in running waters. in East Baton as Rouge Parish. it about do very many no highly reprehensible snags. and fights with at least equal determination after In using the trolling spoon in served that the small-mouth abandon clear will water. it. takes He starts for it. only as and ward.

him to that the big- I will ter fighter than I had given credit for. Previous to this. and is full of them." of Syracuse. chita. on sand or gravel bottom. I accepted the com way in which they fought. is as gamy aud both as firm in the hold conviction that the large- the small-mouth. is another clear stream. seems whose experience with the large-mouthed Bass unfortunately to be confined to Central New York. eould No one who has ever cast an a fly in Central New York such an are opinion for in stant. ever saw in New England or Canada. Pennsylvania. he sulks near the bottom until he finds that won't caught. in Arkansas. but after some weeks careful observation Black I must admit weeks that I am in doubt admit about it. Mather have had seem wide experience on mouth many waters. Within the of past three I have taken prepared yet about one hundred fish a both kinds. I had never before heard it of questioned smaU- that the common opinion regarding the superiority rjouth might be exaggerated." and " Lambert. One clear lives in water. do. to meet the fly. Henshall Mr. water on bottom. and says : "Dr. the in deep. but am not mouth is the equal of his fully brother. mon notion that the small-mouth was the best fighter. or on rapids with surface The large-mouth rarely rises to the rocky bottom. the is almost persuaded : " Since reading your article on game qualities of the two ago.36 I SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS." of Erie. and I have fished. I have been taking notice of the Basses. and. in many of the waters of that section. as are all the clear rivers and creeks through the piny woods in Alabama Mississippi. The habits sluggish of the two fish here mud utterly other unlike. but when generally takes it under water as it is trailing . when The upper Oua a boy. when he ." " Rob Roy. say that he is This is one the bet effect of popular prejudice.

" A Bass. He never ugly shake like a bulldog makes bold leaps for freedom an desperate runs.GENERAL AND SPECIAL FEATURES. large other prejudiced. will small-mouthed. any fish. Susquehanna. is." Chicago " lakes. the bottom. Potomac. 37 comes with a cat nor just to the surface." No or very Bass. large-mouth a as much while comes to the net with jaws gaping like a pickerel on trolling " line. The instant he strikes he goes for deep water to enjoy his he feels the sharp sting of the hook. Alleghany.. as though suddenly realizing his danger. The small-mouth. frequently rising three." Rob Roy " shows himself in the above to be quite im aginative and feet. four. is all game. the largo-mouth " shut it is hooked in. he is . and gives in his mouth. P. I have known or And small- he mouth up only Bass to leap after a desperate the struggle. he and rushes for deep water with energy gives and power that thrills delights the fly-caster. I relative of gameness can not give an opinion as will the two say one thing a in - favor of the and large-mouth that fish a which. and some some smaller I have fished for Bass in the Northern streams. and five feet morsel in peace. on the contrary. Shenandoah. fights with his mouth shut. water clear of five six times before ? the Did any large-mouth ever do submitting to be netted. he makes a grand leap for life and freedom. of As I have fish. also in Florida to the and other Southern States. The small-mouth. I never caught a large-mouth Bass in running water. If that fails." near hut the morsel small-mouth goes to the " same place " in peace. fight with its mouth sulks ever mouth open or according to the part of the When caught. but when clear of an the water. the Delaware. or No Bass ever leaped'" " five sulked." How does In of contrast : to the above note Roy the following of Rob enjoy his know this ? to " from " E. again. to me. covers multitude sins.

and without bias. I advise every angler to investigate this matter for himself. "In ten years very few large fish. The those large-mouth Bass caught with caught with the fly have been large as live bait. sucks The in the small-mouth in a sluggish manner. them as but I have looked lucky accidents. splendid water as riser. If he finds that the big-mouth is just as they would good a game-fish as the smaU-mouth. months each fly-fishing for small-mouth During these years season by the river side. and often fly after manner of plebeian as sunfish. he is just that much better off.38 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. but be merely repetitions of the above. A large fish has occasionaUy been caught. and upon Bass I have I have caught spent three have fished at least two days each week. the and always rises himself completely out of of he takes the showing the a good part his body. ." I could give fuUy fifty more opinions on this subject. frequently throwing fly.

temperature the due to en or change of in the condition. silvery streams. like most marine fishes. or keep their fish alive fish-cars. The coloration of with the young golden of the small-mouthed and with Bass is light green. and olivaceous or of blackish in the In the young the large-mouthed Bass the color is also greenish but darker. tip whitish. to the a bright. who Those etc. of fresh water a short time it appearance . with a blackish band along the lateral line. Base caudal fin yellowish. Iris. Iris. COLORATION OF THE BLACK BASS. character. dark golden. in the mouths of the . which numerous dots or punctulations. it is. depth and the water. will observe. golden. change of coloration Another instance vironment. small reflections. but after being in (39) turns. and clusters of dark spots above and below. somewhat of aggregate in small clus ters. that by the more reprehensible practice of after being subjected to the same conditions for a few hours they will all exhibit the of same coloration.CHAPTER IV. spring or early summer. Base and tip of caudal fin in somewhat paler than the middle.. approaching the appearance of vertical bars. is seen in the This is merely the brook-trout that When it re has become anadromous and runs to the sea. or in the food. stringing the fish. Canadian sea-trout. that however different in coloration fishes of the same species may appear when first caught. live-boxes. middle.

and seems depend on contraction pansion of the pigment-cells already developed. without much doubt. changing their colors however. as the Black Bass. is not very likely. to be when exposed endowed with to the the light. they are thought by some at power of will. Owing to this rapid change in the colors of certain fishes. depth is water. in or more less In permanent. This. owing influences etc. and is. especially to light. and which are very sensitive to surrounding conditions. . In more some fishes the to change coloration much or ex rapid. or colora occasioned by an increase decrease in the to the number of of the different of pigment-cells. some tion is fishes. and are able to changes of color which or may be rapid or temporary. other surroundings. the change involuntary. temperature. SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. or voluntarily. on the characteristic colors and spots of the brook- The external coloration of fishes depends on the pres ence of ers of variously-colored pigment-cells in are one or under both the lay the skin. of a light.40 takes trout. These the pigment-cells influ cause ence or control of nervous sj'stem.

south ol possessions and east of the Rocky Mountains. aid biologist very materially in solving the of animals. attempting to draw any from the laws which govern the of con geo graphical distribution the fresh-water fishes.CHAPTER V. and the Red river of the North to Louisiana In the other East Mexico. 1883. the of the Black re markable of for its extent original habitat of one or other the two species and from Canada and ranging from Virginia to Florida. will. occur territory mentioned By Dr. or relative to the distribution of the Black Bass species. words. GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION. it might be stated that the original geographical range of this representative Amer America. as they exist. however. clusions without therefrom. In this brief the paper. James A. of or to offer any of theory concerning the Black same. doubt. problem of the distribution Bass is The geographical distribution . (41) . shall <Proceedings American Fishcultural Association. A study no the habitat the Bass. the large-mouthed Bass had the widest ring * all vast scope distribution. except the waters into the Atlantic in New Eng flowing land and the Middle States.* the writer intends merely to give facts. through the of Of the two species. Hen On the Distribution ot the Black Bass. thus far excelling any other embraced whole of ican fish North the British fish of America in its distribution.

repre known to occur twice as England. It has been successfully introduced into thus Eng land. The small-mouthed not Bass had a somewhat limited beyond in comparison. and of more than thirty-five slope. extending east or south the Alleghany else with mountains." Agassiz. range SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. rare tionsThis fact was who called of in the waters of these sec noticed " by Professor Louis island. are In the little White river. Thus. and of these a all except half-dozen each genera not represented by but single occur species . occupying a wider range than any fresh-water fish in the world. genera in the waters the Pacific Almost any stream of any extent of the Ohio or Mississippi basins will furnish double the number of genera and species as the entire as waters of either of the " above- named sections. fishes. account of New England peculiarities a zoological compared with on its faunal as the rest the of United States. gen for or absent erally speaking. are." many as inhabit all the rivers of New The distribution of the Black Bass does not seem to be . The fact that the original habitat of the Black Bass does not embrace New England the and the Pacific slope is not re markable. the present every-where At the been day. at Professor Jordan states. as characteristically American forms of has been observed by Professor Jordan. only one-fourth a in New are England. now of more than occur a hundred genera fresh-water fishes known to about in the waters east of occur the Mississippi river.42 above. said also and and by means of artificial canals. senting forty. seventy species.eight Indianapolis. that it may be to inhabit every state of Union. Thus. genera. though occurring large-mouthed species. the habitat of the Black Bass has the extended so by transportation. Scotland Germany.

the large-mouthed Bass bids defiance alike to the icebound streams of Canada. while small-mouthed Bass naturally to the older formations. the Illi nois. species or the character of waters . down to the recently formed ninsula of Florida. and in the river measures of while the Ohio. they these sections adapt themselves and waters of transplanted.GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION. 43 much affected by geological formations. and Carolinas the along the Appalachian chain in the Northern Georgia. in any degree. Thus. North Wisconsin.shed amid the paleozoic rocks of Great Lake coal region and the Mis sissippi valley. Bass is naturally restricted to cold and temperate waters. the tropical la the small-mouthed goons of Bast Mexico. in the marine tertiary tic and mouthed formations Gulf Bass to the of cenozoic period. tent. dial ern rapidly increase. both species were at home among the eozoic and period of primor rocks of Lake Champlain. small-mouthed Bass alone extreme ten degrees of southern occurring in the latitude. Climatic influences do of not seem the Pe to affect the distribution the large-mouthed Bass and of States. climatic influences. the Originally. Thus. and the sunny streams of Southern . the the alone occurs. They flouri. in the United the small-mouthed Bass only to a small ex The the original habitat of of the species extended through twenty-five degrees latitude and thirty degrees not of longi tude. for to although one or certain both may have been readily when absent originally in the localities. and the ten de of grees of extreme while western longitude this range. and Missouri of basins . along Atlan large- slopes the Southern States. the large-mouthed Bass roams at his own sweet will through seems restricted be the regions of metamorphic and stratified coral rocks and glacial rocks of drift.

as has just been intimated. with a tide-water is reached would . As we approach tide-water. where he seems home in the brackish . but. Lawrence grateful shade of basin. the small-mouthed Bass naturally seeks cooler and clearer waters. and some from it. smaU-mouthed Bass dis to his The large-mouthed to be Bass. regions of or to reside ice. streams at true cosmopolitan nature. whose sources are large springs. Georgia. in Hernando county. however. while he is found in the head-waters tic certain rivers flowing into the Atlan (notably those of the Alleghany region of the Carolinas.44 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. fifty sixty feet deep. the appears. " To him it is To hathe in In thrilling fiery floods. the a in the lower portions of the on of streams. both species will thrive in it . and Alabama). the large-mouthed Bass is very abundant in them. birches crest He flashes his bright of armor under the firs and the St. the and erects his spiny oaks of in the palms and given live the southern peninsula. and I have no strong doubt but the well small-mouthed upper portions thrive wonderfully in the as the streams if introduced and into them. the conditions seem favorable. is reasonably pure. descends the as much to their mouths. There ridge are several rivers Gulf coast of Florida. Their current waters are until remarkably Bass of all clear and cool. co-existing with the large-mouthed the latter only occurs Bass. Florida. that burst out from the base sandy twelve or miles running parallel with the coast. less small-mouthed the large-mouthed If the water Bass than upon his congener. and of half an acre in extent." thick-ribbed The character of waters of has but little influence upon upon the distribution the species. of Thus.

for the cau get Black Bass varying it Eastern prefers a with diet crawfish. they feed constituted mouthed the insects . insects. of Pro fessor S. The pike. may throw mouthed light upon the preference of Bass for to say such waters. food as a whole. The Black Bass ably not restricted being in its in a manner omnivorous. A. the small- species showing some an especial fondness for the former. of course. rocky small- streams. larvae.GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION. pike-perch. not and frogs. and of these the are more less In plentiful addition throughout the waters United States. The greater prevalence of crawfish in clear. when less than inch in length. an that the food consisted young Bass. is great prob range to any extent by the supply of any one article of his food . in minnows. might are almost in their habits. The objections are not valid. the to these. though it or would be affected. almost entirely of minute When from one to four inches upon Crustacea [En- long. which expected entirely from the character of their teeth. piscivorous and gar-fish. I the wish a word in this connection in reference to objections heretofore of urged before this Association against introduction the upon theory Black Bass into Eastern waters. pickerel. studies of of etc. in his food fishes. by au abundance and scarcity the or of its food. and waters he would object to young be eels. " that the presence of the " voracious Bass the the would militate against increase or of shad on or salmon. and their sins have no doubt . ascertained Forbes. 45 waters of the estuaries as in the pure and crystal rapids of the highlands. frogs. they feed upon insects. of adult Crawfish minnows are principal Black Bass. wholly tomostraca). when he it. larvse. of founded fact . wliile crawfish and small fishes principal diet of adult Bass.

spearing. how can he " clean the shad or salmon in large flowing were streams? Moreover. prominent among which unrelenting pursuit of the young fry by the predatory fishes mentioned. to the prevent the return of the shad a salmon during gauntlet breeding succeed season . there is no perceptible decrease in the it is always numbers of If any of species suffers the Black Bass know has of I over-fishing. teethed fishes restock canine above named. for the trout increased . the eels. But. waters where In Western varieties of the Bass exists with the usual fishes. Bass and I know of a small stream that abounded in Black crawfish. must such streams. They are only exceeded in their destructiveness by the genus Homo.46 been take SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OP THE BLACK BASS. while the Bass will in a hungry. either. bullheads and suckers take and care of it. But in your just so indignation do not make a scape-goat of fellow as the Black Bass. into of which brook-trout introduced to the discomfiture the former fish. charged to the Black Bass. without a decrease of the latter fish. like the young shad or salmon if it comes his way when he will not make them special objects of pursuit. righteous a deplorably true. if any other causes such failure intro is the be attributed to than the duction of the Black Bass. and should few run the and iu depositing is their spawn in the upper reaches of good the rivers. The failure to exists. isolated lakes in Wisconsin where the Black Bass on account with co-existed the cisco (one of the salmon family). If then the Bass can not " with" get away out" the cisco in confined waters. All of which truly and good deplorable. longer than the memory of man runneth to the contrary. with his miles of gill-nets at the mouths or of the streams. etc.

eat by no other fish that swims and among fresh the white-fish." will wax and grow fat. It is easily done. And. food is the crawfish and the minnow . increase and multiply.GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION. he prefers easily procured. there are waters in which the brook-trout the rainbow-trout wiU not further distribution of thrive. less. and You have only to look to the and is already the Sus- Potomac. the spawn of by but one. 47 while the numbers of the Bass grew smaller by degrees or and beautifully If. species. furthermore. that they are On them he The it. or asserts kills for the love the Bass with has never looked into the mouth of his eyes open. nor that of his fellows' mates. for the table. the Delaware many other streams for evi dence of its rapid increase in excelled new waters. do not hesitate to aid in tho thc Black Bass by introducing that success desirable assured. he will not water species His natural and his mate. " them. quehannah. . The Black Bass is for gameness. then. man who alleges he depopulates the that he streams of valuable of food fishes.

HABITS OF THE BLACK BASS. of or and can not manipulated in the those the salmon. prepared a small and stocked the pond in grounds it with small-mouthed several years Bass from he had the White river and Fall creek. S.. after which joins her. Jr. frora five thousand to age Black Bass yields twenty thousand eggs. The or eggs are inclosed the or enveloped tinous bands sink at once ribbons of an of adhesive nest which to the bottom and become glued to the pebbles. glu or shad (which latter non-adhesive separate) character. by in pisciculturist. I placed and records during the breed following interesting data : * forthe sole purpose of water the Bass in the pond noticing them during the breeding season. fight with Whilst the fe each other is preparing the bed the of for * Successful Propagation Black Bass. of Major Isaac at Arsenal. rocks. sticks. . . S. that my observations have not I think the female prepares the spawning the male males ground or male bed. ii. the Arnold. 1882. Fish By Major Isaac Arnold. while in command Indianapolis. The be the eggs are of the adhesive or glutinous same are class. U.CHAPTER VI. Spawning The female and Hatching. Commission. Jr. but the in the pond was so crowded with a growth of algae been satisfactory. etc.For opportunity of closely observing the fish the ing " season. A. Indiana.. trout. (48) <Bulletin U. according way as to and weight.

but I pressing the from the female with his mouth. . this however. common who observed in that seem. When the spawn and ing to is over. . the female alone. other. the female remains upon the approach uutil extremely pugnacious. or biting pressing the female with his mouth. The male the milt upon or over process the spawning lasts for two from time to time. and the three days. with they circled around quite close the saw bottora. Rixford. in the main. with my though I have never observed the male the abdomen of own observations. the male jerky. 49 possession. his mouth. Rixford. . as then. spinning rapidly or were around which sank at once ejecting the eggs When the fish to the bottom. in pairs.HABITS OF THE BLACK BASS. the nest. Geo. allowing nothing the eggs have hatched and the young fry are old. of state. to never the edges of be toward each sometimes in contact. their bellies would as their sides. tremulous spawn motions . the male disappears from the scene. Florida. often seen I have male. milt. and those Mr. Rixford to the large- Bass. nest a week or ten days The young fish continue uutil commence at once or to prey upon each other and they are no two three weeks old. when cannibalism ceases and source. mouthed Major Arnold's observations were confined to the small-mouthed." there is more danger from that This accords. occurrence feature. It would has been confirmed by the Mr. that this proceeding is of to both species. I record the following interesting item for the benefit of . and sometimes the and sometimes upon both together. C. The her male presses the roe from the with female by a series of bites or pressures side along her belly the female ejects lying upon during roe or the operation.

top of the brush pile on which Bass I have Parker heard of they rested. observers. can give peculiar confessed they had never seen an account of It may be some of your correspondents know of it and further light on the subject. a collection of the head lakes and ponds in Michigan. My lakes own opinion of is that such nests are constructed in considerable depth. and extended nearly to the made surface a of Not and knowing the nest what they critical examination found them always by in the Bass which had constructed in the same manner of nests made nests would in the bed be three never or their ordinary In many cases the four feet in diameter and larger than the which they protect the stream or pond. This habit of the before. of some Mr. May it not be that some character of the bed of these bodies of water. he guarded which rested on the bottom the water. bringing :" eggs within of the distance of the " Homo. placed with ring lake moss and other vegetable of matter. I am at a loss to give a better explanation of the matter." . of the eggs ? Perhaps more sunlight is wanted. Mich. with can shores. new feature in the habits which of the the of Black Bass notice of during those gentlemen. It was that or had the come nest under of building and these fish teen at within two three feet of the surface in ten fif feet of water. of that city. Hill. and of a a Mr.50 future SUPPLEMENT TO THB BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. where the nests are renders it impossible for the spawn of the fish which in habit them to properly develop if deposited there." Philadelphia. Hill and Dr. spawning time. the Bass the resort this for the to " pose of surface. of the State Fish Commission. apparent of de the sign on the top brush heaps were. and both Mr. where and suitable bottom in to shallow water expedient proper not steep be pur found. Rapid's. and the nest building is resorted to to aid in a better or more speedy hatching found. it published. thus writes Forest and " Stream While in Grand informed was by Dr. during my late vacation. I Parker. Hill told me he had frequently observed..

In the fourteen adults the food consisted of seven specimens per cent. of a a Six specimens. and eighty-six per cent. small-mouthed In says : " regard to the Bass. 18. in the study of the food of fishes and birds. of Fishes. the drop not ping to twenty-five enough per cent. one eaten minute per fishes (twenty-nine Crustacea cent. reference Natural The following of results have Bass been attained in to the food the Black species. showed all five food specimens under one inch July. The fishes species. years.) large Four insects (forty-six cent. A. Professor Forbes of I have made full notes of the food twenty-seven speci- *The Food Lab.habits op the black bass. eaten were to determine the Two eaten specimens be tween two and three inches long had only insects. the Forbes. of crawfishes.). Illinois State Laboratory History. A. fourteen adults and seventeen of young and of different The first group. State Hist. Forbes. 1880. 51 Food Professor S. a few insects. Ills. of and of Growth. <Bulletin iii. has been engaged. By S. of small fishes. Untomostraca. from half inches long had and one and a very young fourth inches to amphipod. . and per which showed seven per cent. August of different that the entire consisted of minute Crus case of a tacea. for a number of His years. consisting in length.* Of the large-mouthed Black Bass he of examined the food ages. examinations have been of the most careful and painstaking character. except in the single fish. varying from three to three and one-half inches in length had eaten nothing but insects and their larvse.. Nat. taken in June.

five per cent. Since of Mr. showed. eight food dropped to of Crustacea. and insects their larvae. usual of that species. upon extraordinary weight of The large a more specimens mentioned on exaraination of careful the photograph. had remainder of only five per the food consisting cent. 1881. of craw fishes. of seven per cent. conditions In some waters. to be and are small-mouthed examples Bass without any doubt. from one to two inches in the length. judging of from the general at at the food this and the preceding Bass later ages.52 mens SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. he records capture two *Book the Black Bass. the maximum which is about five the pounds. of of Entomostraea. fishes sixty-two per cent. in addition to the insect food. between two and three inches long. . three adult and the others young. and in those ranging from three to four inches in length the amount of fish food increased to fourteen per cent. under favorable of of food and environment.* occasionally taken. but." will also be found to feed more first Entomostraea. Some different ant allowance should waters be the made for the character of the as in which speciraens were collected. I do on not doubt that this although beginning. with seventy-nine per The three and adults had eaten thirty- per cent. insect food is possibly important to it from the Seven small-mouthed eaten Bass. the larvae of certain insects more plentiful under the stones of rapid streams.. more Entomostraea in still and other while minute Crustacea are abund are water. Black Bass are exceptionable size and weight page 166. I had none of these species under an resemblance of inch in length.. Ten specimens. of fishes. Cheney of took those fish. I find. the in sect cent.

of which is probably the largest small-mouthed Bass there is any it positive evidence. and the lower projects one jaw inch. saw to fork of tail-fin." near Florida. weighed " clear. Glens Falls." inches. of Glen taken lake). twenty-two one-half eighteen and and inches. eight and one-quarter pounds. length. and was seen by a police officer and weighed by Mr. and its girth eighteen and when three-fourths inches." sixteen and one-half Since the I have publication with of The Book of the Black of killed.HABITS OF THE BLACK BASS. New York. H. lows : its dimensions were by the editor fol Its maxillary bone measures four and three-fourths inches . Boynton." York. in lily-bound lake. girth. W. and of twenty-nine sent and " one-half office of inches. 53 same waters more of these or small-mouth giants near from the (Long One pond. deep. Cheney. inches . thirty-seven and inches. who : of its pro portions as follows end weight. " The head and in girth. Ross. and gives Mr. Mr. and have seen larger ones . The " greatest girth of the head is Bass. he states. gives them. large- a mouthed Black Bass which. the head is seven and one-half inches from the tip of the upper jaw to the end of the opercle. and and twenty-three of nose and one-eighth measured. its extreme length twenty-five inches. pounds. caught. from tip one-half to tip was of tail. two comrades. Cheney eight weighed and measured its weight as as pounds and ten ounces. the fly. Altoona. this fish in New as to the Forest given Stream. larger fish and The other and was captured in the same waters by a Mr. Fred Mather mouthed this fish pronounced it a Bass. and from one-half snout. in a in that state. the large-mouth Bass Florida taken up to fourteen pounds. small- Mr.

etc. and that these fishes. the Bass of deepest holes.54 with SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. or at least the largemouthed Bass. is sometimes heralded by correspondents the angling journals as a proof that former observers have been mistaken. sleep during to Webster. Hibernation. notwithstanding the this evidence heretofore adduced support of fact. they leave their near accustomed haunts. or of in . is to pass the season of winter in state of complete " quarters. under which the. they will venture out into water of somewhat less half- depth. So or also. especially if the temperature approaches nearly to 50. do not hibernate. the occasional a Black Bass during the winter season. if possible. When the temperature falls running borhood seclude streams of retire to the 50. in the catching of North and of West. After a few bottom springs.y themselves and remain in a listless condition. one weighing fully twenty pounds. To hibernate. bait and troUing spoon. in But. not well Perhaps the term hibernation is these understood by er writers. as supposed or profound according close by some. is fact too well known to a doubt. That both species of Black Bass hibernate in the a north admit erly of parts of the country. in lakes and retire of ponds. which roneous conclusions. torpidity the entire winter. every investigation is one who has given the subject any intelligent prepared to admit. to the deepest places. masses days of warm or mild weather. weeds. may Hibernation a account for their does hasty and not necessarily imply. in northern and western waters. when they may be induced to take a bait in a ." seclusion and that that is just what the Black Bass both species do. moss. in the neigh as as low shelving rocks.

on the water. according the waters. . but. they leave I am their winter quar ters for that From habits the the personal observation pretty familiar at all with the the of both all of species of Black east and Bass. in the states the am Mississippi (except convinced New England States). season. exception of I that. 55 hearted manner. with those in the Gulf Black Bass hibernate in to the temperature of a greater States. BASS. approach of while the mild weather lasts . and a cold snap they again retire to the deepest 50 55 When the temperature rises above ^ay to not does fall below again. both species of or less degree. of seasons of year.HABITS OF THE BLACK.

old to fishes only a moderate visual as compared with land animals." In the range of " their sight. high-mettled " and timorous merlin is bold.CHAPTER YII. has been long before the time honest Izaak Walton. Giinther. simple the truth when he said : than "A trout that is more more sharp-sighted watchful and any hawk than you your have named. yet it is the fashion for biologists to pacity. ca experienced fly-fisher accord deny . we naturally will they are as sharp-sighted no in their element as we in ours. Sense The olfactory has no relation as organ of of Smell. being well of developed. Sense As the optic of Sight." various scents attract or repel perceiving odors. Giinther says : It is faculty and of that them." vision are at and acuteness of says Dr. air-breathing animals. show an conclude nerves of must fishes extraordinary de that velopment. This. it is evident that they (56) their prey or approaching danger from a considerable . This fact since is patent to all observant of anglers. distance. certain that fishes possess the and in Dr. INTELLIGENCE AND SPECIAL SENSES." very inferior to the higher the same time. while fishes. perceive fishes yet. Izaak Walton was much nearer But good. classes of vertebrates. " whatever with the function respiration. I think.

whereas the optic nerve in man occupies only a small portion of the brain. in may the pre fishes it sume. to could stand eighty- four feet from the of water's edge before he take advantage the invisible mantle Dr. pass me Dr. The case. would require him. and we are not without grounds for the kinson their assumption. Hodgkinson gave Angling. " occupies pretty nearly the that the sight of aud we therefore. the so smooth as not quite so water this. Dr. as Dr. 57 meeting ofthe Manchester tion. and . Hodg fishes were alike showed how the eyes of men and in main parts. undergoes and . seeing that he is feet high. must take their height and multiply it present by fourteen. Hodgkinson then dealt with phenomena of age of rays light from the the change pointed out rare medium air to the dense dium water. " the object on two legs that may be on In fishing for trout. for. but the the gentlemen assembled was probably heard that. pointed as an unfortunate angler who was six out. Dr. or as the doctor not gener water pointed in which and the fly-fisher ripple angles is ally a mirror. the greatest divergence whole being that. we are met. but we must assume it to be not much unlike our own. however. of fishes is the more sensitive. wading in many streams is a necessity. in England. By drawings both on a blackboard. Hodgkinson had hopeless iu as promised him. is out. A." the " Optics of which is thus a recent " At Anglers' Associa on an address noticed by the London Fishing Gazette :" "In considering the subject of angling optics. Hodgkinson pointed out. brain . see broken it is impossible for fish to the bank. they which.INTELLIGENCE AND SPECIAL SENSES. in order practically to discover they tho distance they must stand from the water in order to be invis exultation when damped ible. by the difficulty that we do not know exactly what the sight of fishes is. he in direction that the incident ray the fact that under certain conditions be invisible to a an angler on the bank of might fish in the stream.

by means of an ingeniously constructed tank Dr. that while among physiologists fishes hear sounds produced hearing those produced in the water. from Mr. ways point by directing toward which his a vision various depths water. Hugh Owen. In this way. the man's body.58 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. legs were actual that whUe wader was duplicated upside far his the concerned. look through slip of glass placed at right angles to the he looked. they are incapable in the air. " the legs down in the is ex The tank by which Dr. was far away from the legs. but how his aspect was affected by the showed not tom of the river. and that of such cover as there might be as on and the bank. Hodgkinson like to the fish when he only what the angler looked color of the bot waded. as well as water apparently lifting the object the position which it occupies. and even to Umit their capacity for hearing accurately those produced in the water." Sense It is the can of rule of Hearing. if we put ourselves in the position of the fishes. Take this. together the two and whether its feeble brain the can ever connect air and distinct water objects body up in the tremely doubtful. and overhead. if visible at all. and by use of a lit man. we should expect to see No fish nothing but sky. where. the point where tie figure to represent a invisibUity begins the effect which above much (four the degrees) has could of be clearly seen. for example. in " Land and Water " : " It is exceedingly doubtful if fish possess the faculty of hear- . another pair appearing down on legs. The rather startling the announcement was so made demonstrated. then ever saw a wader with his two halves united. Hodgkinson from was enabled one end to demon observer al strate his theories was made so that from the of could. to say.

As we to the higher sinks ani and however. and one denser medium than terrestrial ani that sound." meaning The considerable ear of fishes "lies close under the roof of the skull. fish beneath the cause surface of the They assemble only be such they see a figure. and partly pass gill slits or spiracle. the medium of the water or the or " shore. Buckland has ac described the nature of the sensation they do possess. to thc waves of operculum sound. which are con (when present). the Such to the sounds made in the air will communicate vibrations water.INTELLIGENCE AND SPECIAL SENSES. sound of All the or of stories of whistle not a bell a fish coming to be fed are. of have course. such specious and questionable state ments as the He knows better. from that the higher animals. There can not be a doubt that fidh have or no possible vibra a conception of either vicinity. direction. a As fishes live in mals. they. the auditory organ gradually further . fables. necessary medium as water . Mr. as curately vibration. in so dense a ear." No can angler or fisherman of experience and observation be made to believe above. in the ordinary sense of the term. distance fish of the tory disturbances they shoal of fishes as much at receive. and are accustomed to be fed upon occasions. the " vibrations '' "jars" shocks. we should readily transraits the waves of naturally expect to find a corresponding more difference in the construction ear of of of the organ of hearing. 59 ing. . not While the internal in fishes differs only in is one degree. of course. but for this reason it is the fashion to say that they can only hear vibrations communicated through no external nor kind. and is thus easily accessible ducted partly through the through the mals. A distant and vibration disturbs of a as a near one feeding eagerly steam at the bait will be alarmed and dispersed by the beat vessel a mile off.

unless we can argue the from a fish's point of view. the skeleton . further inward from the surface. in form the functions of I append a such a cases. Take the I have sense of sight as amused myself a cage with an Ulustration of that hearing." and the foUowing the struc tures become developed. to prove they do not hear those of sounds. (Wiedersheim. differing. article per few in sensible " from an by W. this families. may. by means sonorous undulations must be conducted with greater ease to the ear. and differing from ours only gan. It appears Pacific Life " produced matter to be not unlikely that fish take no notice of sounds in the air. Thus a new method for con ducting the sound waves is necessitated. "All fishes have an organ of hearing . but it is not so easy. in fact. N.) "In many Teleostei a most remarkable relation obtains be In the most tween the organ of hearing and the air-bladder. closed by skin or very thin bone only the at the where the auditory organ approaches surface. simple allied form. remarks :" a manner. the heart." are attached to fontanelles the occipital region ofthe (Giinther. the monkey simply took eyes never even winked.) The air-bladder. much in the His bright the same way that the brain. in its degree of development. often strike a monkey that lived in such by making believe to a glass front.) roof of place which "Many Teleostei [true fishes] have fontanelles in the skuU. Arguing.60 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. I might say monkeys can not see. in connection which is established anterior in Percoids of and the the two of horns the air-bladder skuU. tomed to demonstrations. Lockington. the intestines. in tympanum. Accus no notice. as was argued in fish case. not a rudimentary or but one complete in its kind." (Giinther. etc.

or any other gone part of a fish differs from that a quadruped or from our own. Strict experiments upon the hearing of fishes have yet to be Most of the observations yet made are faulty. they may hear what we not. sec of cause. is adapted only to a certain range of sounds . that they in the water. that there is no motion without sound. or at least do not discriminate be that tween sounds which we. For this our perception of sound we are which dependent upon our sense of hearing. To conclude: that hear tion . that they do not hear many sounds which we hear. and therefore that "The microphone has sound is present in numberless instances not evident to our senses. be deaf to " sounds audible to made. 61 of the skin. fi. either be that the fish ought. the observer has supposed hear. but lacks (so far as I know) experimental proof . of which ends in this. from the standpoint his own senses. far toward proving what philoso phers had previously become convinced of by deductive reason ing. he has argued. StUl is this yet true of other . know that more can some other persons imperceptible to us. for we all us.shes hear. with our more highly All organized organs. or. that same if as a hears. is probable. some sounds produced fish have ears. scarcely admits of ques they hear some sounds produced in the air. to notice a sound he makes fish ond.INTELLIGENCE AND SPECIAL SENSES. the range of its hearing must be nearly the his " own. and range differs in human hear sounds animals individuals. but is almost certam." distinguish. if it for the purpose . is indisputable . even though they may not take notice of them. readily that ours. the limbs. can first. their senses differ in range and delicacy from .

with a small ler leading poured and also ran along above dependent tube ending in a sprink to the top of each cask. A LAKE six Fork Fishing and Hunt of successfully The transportation stocked with the hundred and sixty Bass from the direction club. temperature The the proper and aerated by means of a adding ice occasionally. was vice-president the The fish and were placed in fifteen and oak casks. five iron tanks. was adult Black Bass in June. ten some thirty hours. to the Pittsburgh. large air-pump and fifty feet of by one-inch rubber perforated hose. season was The females backward. a from of Sandusky to the or as lake. as They were on the road. averaging were one and a half the pounds each. 1881. high. Bass have done only sixty fish. the casks. at one end of which was a series of tin tubes. was carried out very of Mr. heavy with spawn. W.CHAPTER VIII. ninety successfully miles east of under of Sandusky. . Ohio. into which water was entered the casks in a fine spray. water five feet kept at high. belonging to the South ing Club. A. weighed A large tin tube The Bass and from three-fourths of a pound to two one-half pounds. three feet galvanized three feet in diameter. ON STOCKING INLAND WATERS WITH BLACK BASS. of Pittsburgh. Mcintosh. well in the lake. lake. Pa.. and three feet in diameter. The with loss per (62^ cent.

three he wrote : "To-day I had the satisfaction of finding that the fry. Scotland. W. Cireidar No. alluded June. and the pond actuaUy I have caught with a small net more than two thousand. located Berneuchen. river river They were from four to seven inches in length. Berlin. The and has a number of small gravelly bottoms. 1883. large fish had spawned. and forty-five smaU-mouthed Bass which Mr. On June 15. Silk." (Max Von dem Borne. and have I put them into another pond which is free from other fish. 1884. several large-mouthed. T. 1884. Germany and Black States the Of twelve hundred Black Bass brought from the United by Mr. 1884. " Bass. until are well established. I think the Nene land where lakes.ON STOCKING INLAND WATERS WITII BLACK BASS. six following year. probably in consequence of the long journey. 4. which I placed iu two seven " Of the ponds. the fish are with swift currents Fishing in will be prohibited for some and years. so that this spring there remained only three of the former and ten of the latter. doubt I3iat next spring the smaU-mouthed Bass will have no swarms with . supplied with gravel beds for spawning. the greater number died. Eckardt. 63 myriads of ceived the Bass.) The are ponds of at Count Von dem to above. were per Not only in cessfully country have both species of new waters been suc stocked with have been transplanted to the Netherlands.. German Fishery Association." the Welland the only rivers Eng the Bass have been put {London F'ishing Gazette. 1883. but they England. and also backwaters.) . Borne. but they are in December 1. deep. one hundred and forty were placed in Nene. Jr. brought from America in Feb ruary. young our own or eight inches long. Germany. quiet holes.

am pleased . 1885. and is shipping them to " Europe. Trout Bass). thirteen of he "My 11." Black Bass have them spawned. Journal of the Society for the Pro December. Mr.) says : In June. " Der Schwartzbarsch and der Forrellenbarsch and a (The in Black Bass 1888. 1882. S. he und published a small tise. took on a small lot the steamer . and will. and have caught more than 22. where they arrived in excellent condition.64 spawn. iv. of In sent March. SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. at Black Bass " to the Zoological Garden Amsterdam. Blackford.. 219. I have caught no other the fry. five young New York. Amsterdam Black sexual Aquarium at present possesses four fine all prob specimens of reach Bass. of both trea take care of. Geo. Shepard Page Black Bass. and placed in ponds that have In " August. Fish Com. and that the experiment wUl be (BuU. 1885." fry this Count Von dem Borne has species. which grow well. 1885. the motion of In the Fresh-water Fisheries in the Netherlands.200 he wrote : I to say that the fish of multiplied abundantly. comprising both species. 1884.800 fish.000 season. in larger edition He is very fish and enthusiastic regard to the Black Bass as a game food fish." In of April. the In 1886. Eugene G. TJ. 1885. Mr. than he other parts of can now more Black Bass. in maturity. I had 1 in the fall 1884." says: "The ability.

adult Baird. safely transported to Goldspie. Sutherland. S.ON STOCKING INLAND WATERS WITH BLACK BASS. and Blackford. fish were New York. Eugene G. from New York to Liverpool. Six of of the fish were supplied by Mr. Fish Commissioner. Two Bass died before reaching Liverpool. The balance were land. 65 Spain. . U. of and twelve young five adult supplied by Professor the Spencer F. in Scot and placed in a loch belonging to the Duke of Suth erland.

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AND IMPLEMENTS. . TACKLE.PART IL TOOLS.

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CHAPTER IX. and with a proportional lessening of their of rods. that fishing Rods calibers and This reduction in the weight and length of rods necessa rily implies in their an improvement in materials and construction. ingenuity and manufacture of good in the fine taste employed in this branch of the arts exceUed in any other . have been reduced in lengtli from feet. ounces. for angling an it would seem to imply that the love that and practice of has taken state of growth and development. elegant and suitable imple ments of the craft. to mention those that. all of which is highly and is scarcely gratifying. the skill. of weights. in order that the Black Bass fisher may be fully informed in regard to these various improve deep root. study. For instance. and to ob serve the coraraendable enterprise manifested by the manu facturers in producing light. ffy-rods. It is a source of great pleasure and satisfaction march of to the angler of ment the present day to note the improve fishing tackle. be if a fly-rod. And this twelve workmanship is really the case. FISHING RODS. in a healthy and fine fishing scientific ments. Indeed. in my judgment. gling are I deem it my province. reduced to ten and a half feet and eight (69) . are especi ally meritorious. feet long and weighing ten ounces. In no direction has this improveraent been nounced more all pro than in and both bait one to two kinds.

in Cincinnati. Perhaps it would be too egotistic to say that this short and and ening but I lightening assured and of rods of in general was induced. Irabrie cations of to rae for the dimensions when and specifi residing at thiana. The Henshall Black Bass Bait Rod. are incor rect for the standard eight-ounce Henshall rod for ordinary Abbey & Imbrie. anglers. but was dis book. rod altc gether. it foUows that it be more care be constructed of better materials and fully qualities skillfully made. promotes Black Bass angling in a much greater degree than the oldI am very much gratified fashioned long and heavy rods. correct for a rod Black Bass fishing. used for the same kind of fishing.70 to be must SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. Kentucky. I was Cyn- to select the best-balanced rod eight and a quarter feet eight ounce in the lot. measure of by many light. to preserve thc sarae (or better) for casting the fly and kiUing the fish. It occurred in this too late to rectify in that mistake was applied The Mr. On the page 217 of " The Book while of the Black Bass " are given specifications of an ash and lancewood rod as made by of entirely maximum weight (ten ounces) for heavy fishing. and at a time when I had sent all of my rods to a coach-maker. I wrote to the coachmaker and the Henshall rod. covered way: ray own. and elegant rod and to the fact that it the pleasures of subserves all the purposes. to be rubbed down and varnished for the season's work. that this is in to be attributed directly and to the superior exceUence this short. most am by some of the candid result manu a great facturers. which. by the introduction the Henshall Black Bass rod. and to send me the exact . to think that this may be the case.

FISHING RODS. which project somewhat The correct diameters and measurements of an lancewood Standard Henshall Rod. . ash and ferrules. and subsequently learned that the coach-maker had selected an admirablymade balanced rod of the required weight of red and length. was. and." was an error in one of which diameters This was this rod ^-^. and weighing just in length. of course. inclosing indicated The sent also at which a sketch of a the points to make the measurements. caliber of as it was constructed mostly too cedar. 71 rod with dimensions. and I Abbey & Imbrie. large end). Afterward. and upon to Conroy & Bissett. the length the and was corrected in the as subsequent issue. Also. I found that they were too heavy for ordinary Black Bass fishing. are or more eight ounces. the female ferrule. (sec piece. really. end of Diameter (outside) of butt-cap. however. of as printed. the an ash the rod rod. typographical error. where the joints are Length each piece concerned) : (without ferrule). seeing the rods from these specifications. f of an inch. great for and are lancewood so as The rods referred to above. and eight one-fourth feet as follows (these diameters of are of of properly of the inside diameter the wood. each piece given 34J inches beyond the includes wood. 38 inches. but. with artisan complied strictly my the diagram and specifications to directions. nicely-bal as sorae anced and well-proportioned eight-ounce that they feel anglers light rods. of an should have been a instead y'^ inch. many weight. prefer them to those of less In the first there ond of edition of " The Book the of the of Black Bass.

ash and lancewood Henshall rod manufacturers of Some depart from these several specifications by making the grip adds of the butt inches of longer. H. but this only to the weight and length the rod without being any real benefit. i of extreme an inch. in their rods. extending from nine to twelve inches below the seat.72 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. on the contrary.* which inadvertently are omitted iu that to in connection. Thos. but if metal reel- * Book of the Black Bass. 1881. F. of Diameter The tip. These ticular and measurements strictly adhered every par by Mr. Orvis. it is a positive disadvantage to single-handed rods to have a grip. f of of an Diameter inside sraall end of second piece of ferrule. . diameter). Vermont. (female ferrule. Vermont. ounces and a rod a thus structed will weigh but . " above are the specifications referred of the original Com and ing Black were Bass Rod. or hand reelpiece. 7 inches. of of Diameter Diameter inside reel-seat. reel-seat. Chas. Greatest bulge Length grip 1 inch in diameter. Chubb. diameter)." to on page 214. ^^ an inch. Mr. 4 inches. Length of grip (from of extreme butt to reel-seat). The used specifications and measurements' as given above are are con also correct for a split-bamboo metal eight rod where reel-bands instead of a solid reel-seat. sraall | of an inch. of Manchester. of (4J inches from extreme butt). end of butt-piece (feraale inch. of Post MiUs.

and where boo. including piece of the and grip. ash when the is made or greenheart rod best plan. of of seven and one-half in When the butt wood the HenshaU that rod is constructed of entire rod any the ex not heavier than of split is. and the reel-seat. swelling hand proper. or red used cedar. always been partial a butt-piece. The diameter of the lower end of the butt-piece (where of it joins the handle) should not exceed thc diameter the . and with reel-bands metal reel-seat. bamboo. lancewood. that its " balance " and action be impaired. ferrules of -^-^ of an inch seat less diameter may be employed. fashioned. the joint being closed by tapered collar or winding check.FISHING HODS. black wal nut. is the heavier woods. is for terial. or split-bam the short handle of lighter ma perhaps the better way in and to preserve qualities of elasticity a balance. to my eye. into which butt-piece nJetal is inserted. I have " is to use a short handle to a of lighter wood. However. it presents. 73 is preferred. making or with a rod of eight ounces ounces. where this is done. reel-seat. if artistically order butt-pieces. stubby handle affixed to many modern rods. to the and with a graceful hollow taper from the reel- seat such light wood as ash. in ceed eight order that the and weight of the may not ounces. reel-bands. bethabara. a certain adap tive beauty and fitness that I fail to see in the short. rod with artistically-fashioned. from two of The handle to four inches thirteen to proper comprises above the grip." being fashioned from instead an of a single wood. with the butt-piece tapering rapidly from it (instead of a gradual taper). this is best accomplished with some piece. weight. making handle the a from fifteen inches long.

or method is to wrap the grip or it may be grooved with fine trans Another be fluted longitudinally. in with England. more than one- eighth of ing check inch . which were ness and a very firm grip ornamental of desirable. with short. smooth. beautiful verse appearance. thirty years since I made my first rod with fiush joints. some as with I saw. may be formed smoothed and the same as polished. fluted. the inside diameter of the wind must not be greater than one-half inch. insuring light the hand. that is. at that time never heard of or seen a rod joint without dowels. it tendency is now to introduce also applied and popularize this forra joint. of Where it is presenting a very desired to obtain a firmer hold thc hand. which to most fly-rods to their great advantage. One of the specifications of the Henshall rod is that the in and joints be stead of mortise made flush. . with of cord. corrugations. it would be found . cork. various materials. tapered cylindrical ferrules. or strips of rattan and . and ever since I have been a It is now firm believer in this improved joint. SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. and as so raany of these rods have been a great dur ing the past ten or twelve years. handle. where a used on three-eighths ferrule is the smaller cnd.74 upper. covered corrugated. last year. If there of were want ing any joint over the dowel proof of the practical superiority the non-dowel and mortise joint. dowel sold the old-fashioned ferrule has had of with . or smaller an end of the butt-piece. the grip may be or fashioned or hard rubber. and pig-skin. There are various which and ways of finishing of the "grip" of wood the the handle. having. NON-DOWELBD JoiNT. fly-rods may be the grip etc.

with the hands close to the ferrules. Chas. more to have arrived at this determination of each other. Orvis. 1886. non-dowel joint I have never had the either accident The cause of the separation and throwing be this : apart of dowel-mortise joint I conceive made to the male ferrule. And. as Thaddeus Norris. strings. for no amount of This fact renders springing it back and forth will loosen it. screws. to separate the latter it is necessary to pull or twist it apart. the flush cylindrical nugatory and and superfluous all Avhich locking devices. F. This fact same ex the continual eventually the joint. ferrule dowel. discarded the latter for the former of over. to occur. with of and mortise being tapering. with and prevent its separation In July. proposed casting. with the cylindrical. and the its dowel rod acts as a wedge. inventor. 75 in the fact that so Reuben Wood skill and many old anglers.FISHING RODS. salmon cleats. and to way that we to side. the female point ferrule. supposing himself to be the and sole I have of often thrown apart the tapered doweled joints and of the and in casting with both fly have had them break near the lower end old style rods bait rods. But it can not be done with ferrule joint . but in consequence of too deep a mortise at that . in the tract a nail by working it from side can be easily demonstrated by separating the tapered dowel joint by working it back and forth in this manner. have been in to secure the joint. I used a split-bamboo fly-rod . and conclusion most valuable independently each one Many of the improvements and inventions have been made in like manner. tends the in casting separate to springing loosen this wedge. having the mechanical their own to construct style rods. they all seem joint many years ago.

for although the joints seeraed to fit perfectly. was not so pleasant. in this style of fishing. In casting of heavy the mullet bait. fifteen ounces. Thos. in casting the bait in playing fish. Chubb). on the Restion constantly with it for ten days. I hold that the tapered dowel. and for which I paid a long price. in the correspondingly tapered mortise. in consequence be ing weakened by the mortise at that point. a particle play of a heavy . I can bluefish not as high as ten. Now this was a handsome. crevalle tarpon up to forty and up to thirty. nor was there the slight or loosening a either of joints. and it was by breaking square off just while shaking being in casting. bonefish of five pounds say just how many. with doweled With the former I killed redfish. During one of my visits to Florida I used for sea fishing a heavy HenshaU ash and lancewood rod of eleven ounces. and an ash and lancewood striped Bass rod of joints. But my experience with the heavier striped Bass rod.76 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. est the rod never came apart. by drum and another maker. and with as perfectly fitting doweled joints as I ever saw in any rod. made by Abbey & Imbrie. and at last rendered below the fer of the butt-piece casting. pounds. made of the best materials. H. . once while they several playing hors de rule of combat heavy fish. separated a no looseness times or perceptible. they were in as perfect the at being taken apart night as they were together in the morning. with doweled joints. by an average of eight hours a day . but certainly hundreds of various sizes and that rod is just as good to-day as when I first received it. with flush joints. well-finished rod. but nor neither the constant casting of a long and fish affected the joints apposition upon when put heavy line. non-dowel gouche joints (made and cast river.

and are neither so Swell ferrules nor unnecessary. from contin the joint perience proves it. or ring immediately below the upper to the ferrule. without affixed with shellac or cement which instead of using and a metal renders has a tendency to weaken the rod. or be swaged into a hexagonal form for split-bamboo rods.FISHING RODS. good The ends of strong as cylindrical and uniform ones. which is apt to be the case with those drawn from German silver. to exclude The fer should be fitted without wrapping of silk put on at plan is to wrap on a guide female ferrules. by metal disks. It is be short. however. which Ferrules should be can not be drawn so thick as brass. where the dowel is accurately fitted to tapered mortise. in the case. The lower end of the throughout their male ferrule. is really worse tlian (as is often the case) latter where the mortise is bored perfectly straight. on. Viewed in this light. and the bottom caps or rules of the female ferrule soldered should be protected moisture. for a tapered dowel in a straight hole is worse than useless. which wUl give all the corresponding length. perfect fit. the . and a A good the ends for a finish. 77 a will ual become loosened in its casting. to give a more Fer any disadvantage in other ways. like wedge. rules may be banded if the metal is very thin. or serrated. My eventually separate. that is. not necessary for the female butt ferrule to exceed two and a half inches in length. say " required. The fer hold other rules should be perfectly fitted to each entire extent. be split. and bed. Ferrules should The one male ferrules should be of a " inch. the ferrules may. and perfectly cylindrical. a perfectly fitting will ex dowel a joint. the joint is formed by the ferrules only. nor two inches for tho second joint. are which wrapping of the guide thus serves a double purpose. so that the extends cutting the wood. pin.

" The next is an all-lancewood with black walnut. and both have are reel bands instead some of metal reel-seats. with an action Mr. made First are an ash and lancewood split-bamboo. H. weighing right. H. wound with cane strips and silk.78 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OP THE BLACK BASS. Chubb. Chubb writes me: "We try to have each as near just the ' Henshall and rods to your specifications as possi raakes all ble. sell a great many. furwell known in connection with the Henshall rod. ' that is just ounces. that the . fluted handle of Chas. the flutings from slipping or turning in the hand. F. I me as I write. and with three-eighths and The grip in both is one-quarter inch cylindrical ferrules. by the Thos. The fluted black yellow vent walnut handle is in pretty whUe contrast to the pre lancewood rod and the mountings. and they seem to the best satisfaction. Both are page made specifications given on 72. Orvis's work is so grip is required to hold the rod. They eight serviceable. and less Mr. Orvis. ^^"l" lyih . exactly according to with butt-piece taper ing gradually from the reel-seat. removal of the ferrule more difficult to the angler for the purpose of repair. hand rods. In will order to show the different several styles of briefly describe that are and before a Henshall rod. made by strictly in accordance with the short. It is likewise made specifications already noted. We this we know is what them take give so well. Chubb.) Bod.iiiyrfi Ash and Iiancewood Henshall (Thos.

FISHING RODS. However. action. the and being black polished is in fine contrast to the light reel-seat. Orvis's Next is a Broadway. for a rod is thereby rendered set a straight. being a so likely to become continual strain. I find that bethabara is very tough a rebound or resiliency found in no other class elastic. I find that many anglers are wiUing . including a agate-lined tips. and has the correct its finish is in keeping with style and sizes of all of ferrules. and metal reel-seat. After an experience and rod of several with seasons. with a hard solid metal by A. delphia. while careful work. reel-seat formed cedar of alternate painted strips of and below the grip. It has the prescribed ferrules in size and form. and the only possible that can be raised against it is its weight being heavier even greenheart. by A. not curved from quick. being bamboo and red cedar . Mr. below the long. An all-bethabara. is colored several bamboo. This just eight ounces. handsome. nicely balanced. but a first- split-bamboo. B. fluted spirally. G. Shipley & Son. of rubber grip. is an exquisite rod. and and German silver ferrules reel-scat. Spalding & Bros. 79 rod weighs ther notice here is not needed. the latter. and with mountings.. permanently Bethabara makes objection or very than lively rod. and with fine It has above very the ornamental butt-piece and handle . or in one of steel. however. which adds unnecessa Hen Phila with rily to the weight and length of an otherwise perfect shall rod. 241 New York. inches too The butt. split-bamboo. both in construction and action. It is a a well-made a rod. This quality is always of the utmost importance . and is wrapped with silk in the manner of a split-bamboo. with German silver ferrules of the and the correct sizes pattern.

Shipley & Son.) a an BI^S^^ (Thos. (A. SpUt-Bamboo HenshaU Bo (Abbey & Imbrie. H.) SpUt-Bamboo HenshaU Bo .) Bethabara HenshaU Bod. Chuhb.I\OUND BAIT. B.

but in nothing else)." & Son. rod the tips lined I with agate. . including grip and reel-seat. rod that is held in both hands a long grip is entirely proper. action.FISHING RODS. This It is weighs hardly inches its seven ounces. and according to the table of specifications before given. of rod composed & Imbrie. now and shows what remarkable progress has been made in this branch of industry of late years by our rod makers. is to the grip mountings. with a plain grooved reel-seat and reel-bands. my length that adds somewhat unnecessary to the weight and length of the rod. comes a split-bamboo. German a silver of mind. to and good angler. 81 on account to of put up with an ounce or two of extra weight its A other desirable qualities. delightful exhibition of skill taste. only fault. I am aware that many anglers prefer a long grip. the grip being corrugated to in entirely a sure a with firm hold of the hand. and which he styles " Dr. This is and an excellent rod. and a marvel ingenuity a The list an of rods given above makes a handsome and. H. except that the ferrules are -^ of an inch less The in diameter. and the grip is just six inches long. has structed of lancewood. who. and silk and is wound above and below with rattan strips thread. but this is essentially wrong in a singleIn a handed rod. made by Mr. metal The are mountings are all of German silver. Henshall's And last. L. con hard rubber. extending a foot or more below the reel-seat. and is the ever most powerful one for its in and ounces that handled. for Wm. rod This is made handle is made of and spruce. of a work of art and skill in its construction. as the Henshall rod is intended to be. Leonard. MiUs Favorite. least (in weight. made by Abbey handle.

"3 o S3 . 09 .am o S d n a p. n I The above are all three-piece rods.Q CQ . f ? O B (3 H o I a c o I. but are shown with extra tips. .82 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS..

and. " who will always prefer baitwith fishing short." rapid-running reels. for Black Bass . more explicit. is the baccalaureate degree of angling. become convinced of the justice of these remarks. fishing. with shorter and lighter I have past experimented a good deal in this direction that for the best not during the five years. the present light. and to our of Eu rope. . lines of small caliber. To be ounces. the and am now convinced Black Bass materials. There are anglers. a rod weighing seven and one-half and measuring ten and a quarter feet in length. is . minnow- casting. gentle art. of course. moreover.- veterans of and the gentle art to take a retro compare now the rods out of a our quarter of a century ago with those turned by best makers. ten. lead the are under world. fly-rod. A. for their efforts in this direction. shortened during the past few of years. a The anglers of America. The fly-casting tournaments the National Rod and Reel Association have demonstrated that the rods of a long Eind comparatively heavy as better work has been done decade ago were a mistake. rod lasting debt of gratitude skilled In order to makers. and and approved is indeed a pleasure the highest hooks. (Master only An of the of first importance for much fly-rods have been fly-fishing is the fly-rod. reel weigh from seven (with bands instead of a metal reel-seat). which is the M. and graceful Henshall rods. than ten and a half feet in to eight ounces should be less than and should length.FISHING RODS. it is only necessary for the spective glance. Black Bass Fly Rods. a if constructed of and made in nor more first-class manner. next of in degree to gling) The tool and fiy-fishing. bait-fishing branch of it. 83 as ever. rods.

consequently. a ferior to a good split-bamboo rod. and plenty of " " for playing and landing the fish. first-class bethabara.84 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. and if it is raade up in first-class manner. backbone Of course. but as the flies to be used are gen erally larger than trout flies. silient raaterial coraparatively light. Thomas H. Ash and lance when bethabara. This ancy for casting. snap. be the Bass of used than in bait fishing . flexible. much consideration must material of which to the it is to be that constructed. a foot added. if of the best quality. is better than many split-bamboo rods as now made. for it must be borne in mind that it is not the largest Bass that rise to the fiy. a trout rod of about these dimensions will answer very well for Black Bass fishing. or ash and lancewood a fly-rod. carefully selected. Mr. and sorae other woods. but nearly pli pliancy. though necessarily be in the upper two-thirds of the most of the flexibility gives rod. there is good and no material combines so many It is essential qualities as split a bamboo. and as the Bass is usuaUy a much heavier fish than the brook-trout. approaching steel more other wood. where run exception- ahly large. and stiffish back Black Bass fly-rod. nearly in this quality than any wood. the correct tool for ordinary Black Bass fly-fishing . and and a lighter though rod can. of rod should have a stiffer back than trout fly-rods should still retain same weight and same length. but the best are in On the other hand. To be obtain required given in a necessary spring. strong. greenheart. the rod will require a little more backbone than is usually found in trout the rods. in length and The the the will especially for the waters an ounce in weight may be Florida. and is the raost re used in rod-raaking. resiliency for striking. make excellent rods. Chubb makes rod from the specifica- . In my opinion.

Length Length of of each piece. non-dowel They ferrule and grooved reel-seat or joint . f of an ferrule. and They and are short enough handy . 3 inches. taking every thing into season. -^ of Diameter. piece. -^^ inch. 7 inches. wound with cane the The Henshall Black Bass Fly-Rop. specifications and for the above-described rod. are as follows Total length of rod. with the grip ings are German silver. extreme tip.FISHING RODS. the short handle have the short. which he styles in his catalogue the HenshaU Black Bass Fly Rod. (inside). Length of grip. bulge at of Diameter Diameter of greatest of gripj \f of an inch. butt-piece Diameter neh. without ferrule. have reel-bands being . 10 feet. handle. ferrule. butt-piece. . ^^ of an inch. are ease pliancy for casting . Length of reel-seat. 12 inches. and have backbone made These boo and three-piece rods." I have are used two of these rods rods during the past for Black Bass they fly-fishing. } of an inch. that I have to be and and ever used. female handle-joint. and are in split-bam cylindrical and of plain in lancewood. The wood. and certainly the best con sideration. in lance : weighing 7^ ounces. 85 tions " as given above. have spring life retrieving a long line with strength for killing quickly. female an inch. 5 inches. from extreme butt to top of wind ing check. of an second Diameter (inside). 41 inches. made and willow mount spruce. Diameter of reel-seat.

It wiU be observed that whUe the ferrules used in this min rod are the same as rod of those in a short-handled greater Henshall length now-casting split-bamboo. of which I imagine is like one of the most important features their construction. but I never imagined how it could be success fully accomplished. thing as a steel rod has been talked of as one of the possibilities. twisting bending motion. Steel Fishing Rods. of Bristol.86 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. the twisting motion could not be The tubes are exceed obtained in a brazed or drawn tube. in the Horton steel rod. Such a But there has recently been introduced a steel fish by the Horton Manufacturing Company. but not brazed . the gives of the several pieces in the fiy-rod it greater pliancy. for. or were steel-like action. of telescoping a one within the other. however. the edges in apposition. through which the line passes. which is really an article of much merit. bent around a mandrel. difficulty has been which solved. being as well as practically a a slit tube. thinking a real rod of steel would ever be ing rod Connecticut. The a small rod has a wooden handle. I knew that " a solid steel rod would be far too heavy. and therein lies the whole strip of secret. an ordinary rod. is composed of three tapering tubes. thus ingly well tempered. and I could " could be made with play ments of a not understand enough how a steel tube to answer the require The steel fishing rod. it admits of a simulating the action of a wooden rod. running through the inside the rod and out . Anglers have been were wont to as say of good rods that they in as pliable and strong that steel. little made. of with opening just above the reel-seat. Each tube is formed thin close steel.

lighter rod next season. a not and and invention. than It the can be. than in the rod sirailar rings or guides. it is are sold fully for as good. better. weighing eight ounces or . more many rods that it is virtually indestructible. though wooden rod. however a valuable split-bamboo or : I believe it to be a thing. if money. as I have not tried it in action is not actual fishing. and its very different in casting the fly or a minnow. ten feet is long. no more weighing eleven ounces. Further than this I can not say. 87 one of at the end of and the tip.FISHING RODS. improved. not equal to first-class and. and find that there friction of the line (if as much) in running inside of through the the rod. of course. a and I understand that company will introduce less. I have tried these rods. as one of The caliber of of running through is about the same and split-bamboo length weight. good I will say this much.

ion on free. The manufacture some of the now famous Kentucky were. FISHING REELS. and the American reel. fishing have fully kept pace with the improvements in fishing rods. alarm. This reel was originally made for bait-fishing only. and (88) . reel was first begun made with a forty years drag and an " ago." flat." The The use of being drag is obvious operated by in of such alarm consists of a piece thin spring bent back the the other end end of upon itself soraewhat attached in the form one end being to the sliding steel pin block. Next to the a good rod there is nothing that contributes as a well-made state to pleasure of and the angler so much reliable reel. for instance. is to day the best in the But the enterprise of some makers has been directed in have wrong channels ." and a bination the might be termed tautology. watch of an elongated " U. sliding buttons. to engage in the small the shaft of the spool. Manufactur ers and inventors have taxed their ingenuity in devising the best and most suitable reels for both fly-fishing and baitments in happy to be able fishing reels for Black am I to that the improve Bass fishing. They both the and are still. world." mechanical is perverted outgrowth of what was originally a valid and useful arrangement. a " we now " multiplying which com and reels made with both drag a " " click. as the American rod. a free-running reel.CHAPTER X.

the In this of case a adjustable click answers all purposes " drag." well-known and also retained the " drag. And now for the in reason combination some why the click and drag exist in reels." rendering the latter superfluous. the shaft pinion. Of late years. " the functions of a " click proper." until the singing a " the " alarm announced that welcome con tingency." all such reels were the single- click but now many multiplying purpose reels are made to subserve the same by an " adjustable or ex click. but. not realiz they substituted alarm. stuck where the cane rod was frequently in the bank (often lieving rod or the by a spike provided for that purpose). pensive This is very their multiplying to reels should be used constructed in this way. the popularity multiplying reel induced to imitate it. The former is a pawl en a with gaging. so as to materially retard the reel.FISHING REELS. thus re lazy angler from the necessity of holding the while " watching his fioat of waiting for a " bite. and is used only in reels intended for fly-fishing. so as admit of being the for either bait-fish ing also or fly-fishing. a click which a can good be readily thrown in arrangement. by the action of strong spring. Now " " " click proper is alarm of the Kentucky and a very different affair from the reel. constantly and operated permanently. the spring was not being stiff enough to retard the action of the reel." that is." for it the click. This would be all well and excellence ofthe " Kentucky " certain manufacturers enough if they produced an exact ing the proper function " of the " imitation. It was invented the butt to of meet the requirements of still-fishing. action " Originally reels. 89 the " " alarm or subserve not intended in any sense to represent. and all out of gear." .

90 so as SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. and with a an thickness at the ends of the plate of one-fiftieth of inch. of an one-half inch wide. and all re to the reel-plates. through the anglers have of suffered very to in non-fitting reel-plates reel-seats. or drag spring fly-fishing. and after This became so aggravated that the National Rod Reel Association took conferring plates and of with of cognizance of the matter. It is lighter than its purpose as well any as other reel of fastening. Of course. any the . he fash own particular of other much ioned the rods. of Heretofore. and subserves old shallow groove in the wood. and the manufacturers as a to the expediency sizes at and desirability the said adopting reel-seats. to and discard the have the altogether. subserve drag . past evil Consequently. to discard the made alarm light enough to the purposes of I like the latter plan the best. and it is earnestly hoped cut that all will eventually do so. this com sell. it and uniformity in the of reel- was finally resolved. The best reel-seat is the with reel-bands. to conform of to the outward appearance and ostensible construction the Kentucky to " reel. that the trout standard size of reel-plates meeting for Black Bass reels should be two and a half inches a circle long. or. the reel-plate to fit the reel-seat on his without reference reel-seats of rods makers." bination reel was made I have either a always advised alarm those ordering the Kentucky to reel as to have the and spring made stiff enough act click. . in case reel-plates made where a manufacturer any made both to the sizes and rods reels. with a curve made upon inch in diameter. Most of our manufac turers conform to this rule. a society. much needed sizes were of reform A very gard has been introduced in or cross-bars.

Thomas H. " in addition to having improved end click. elliptical space pawl of the click between them." properly used reel-seat is put on will not conform to the them standard size of reel-seats. 91 made modern inventions. of struck up to be convex on the outside. it is only necessary to deepen it reel penknife. of other rods. to the concavity the end plates. reel that the stick raay swell (without it) and cause and the to if the it to groove is well varnished the rod will not swell. If it is too If the placed shallow for the with cross-bar of a a a gouge chisel reel. Among the improved click reels is one patented an by The Mr. allows and being an opposed concavity of the spool plates. as now adopted. or with aflat and narrow rira. tightens it. no piece of paper or cardboard. The solid metal reel-seat subserves no and adds one or two ounces important purpose. solid metal under the cross-bar.PISHING REELS." and reliable is of a new and novel form. Any reel can be to fit it in a few or a moments. instead so as of being the usual flat disks. in which the spring are arranged in an improved raanner. make the rod " The fact is. Click Reels. With reel-seats remedy but by altering a gcjod the cross-bar of of the reel. to the weight of the rod. which skill sometimes and entails deal labor and no little tered a second or a it may have to be al fit the metal reel-seats third time to . Chubb. It weight gives say that the additional it should balance better balance wood is idle to the or rod a without it. The inner side. then let go back to the old wooden reel-seat. and . grooved. fits too there is loosely. which. are plates. the metal If rod makers sell. or edge.

) .92 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. Chubb. Mills & Son. (Wm. (Thos. Treble Multiplying Beel. H.) Ifew Style Click Beel.

The central pinion countersunk on admit coiled watch which axis re a spring of with a ratchet or pawl shallow its free extremity. that its the peculiar mechanism consists in an application of principle of the epicycloidal wheel. and The reel is perfectly sym- raetrical form. Thus it has a protected multiplier.FISHING REELS. on engages with co^s. By this in the tion a as sarae (which is the reel. of a with teeth the inside. It is to is added its value reel. the ratchet as by . to the frame the spool. of very strongly. As the line is pulled off the spool. pinion pinion a spur wheel upon and engaging is of with said toothed outside ring plate wheel. it is sarae and and tarded click soraewhat by this ratchet-wheel. to which is also af arrangement spool moves as the plane. with as a triple and constructed entirely of metal. Mills & Son click and manufacture very novel corabined multiplying reel. all the advantages of a single click which handle. a The riveted to the revolving disk) fixed the handle. the end of the the spool. . but in reeling up the line the inoperative. of fast. is a very light and compact reel. on The the invention attached shaft of consists of a fixed ring. and the gearing is all in the same direc thus making it the handle. a treble multiplying The automatic drag is this reel is to also novel a feature. and tho reel . which is eminently well adapted A reference to the illustration will show for fly-fishing. only three times reel. though a neatly and lightly made. German silver. and the line is reeled cogs are rapidly without hindrance. 93 are thus entirely in protected. or cams. Wm.

) (Thos.) Beel. (Thos. H. .94 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OP THE BLACK BASS. Henshall- VanAntwerp Chubb. "Silver King" Multiplying BeeL Conroy. J.

for son. which reels in the market. by a sliding button the side the xeel. H. in a but there are good anglers who can acquire not. and it is simply a matter so selected. the rendering own use of the line as or in casting the a For my I prefer. successfully the knack thumbing the spool and will satisfactory manner.fishing reels. the at each end. Among many really good ones. But the direction greatest advance. of Mt. a con the gearing. indeed is taste as to which Antwerp reel is manufactured by The reel was Thos. perhaps. Chubb. multiplier without drag of any of kind. of matically. of the Fish a Commissioners symmetrical with of that state) end and It is perfectly so as reel. from positive angler may take his choice. Ken The Henshall-Van " " tucky (one myself. very rapid in bait fish some rea ing . Van Antwerp. utmost answer with assurance. 95 Multiplying Reels. Wm. of Post MiUs. click does any expert. the spool plates being cavity and struck up to form. and . that he is sure one that will fully his purpose. has been reels made in the of There the are now a multiplying half dozen for Black the Bass fishing. in one of which is placed plates. require the adjustable click and automatic drag in the the The control automatic drag was designed to not meet ments of those anglers who can educate the thumb to minnow. odious. however he may comparisons of are choose. SterUng. on the amount of press auto brought to bear upon the spool can be regulated. Vermont. overrun most patient automatic To meet this difficulty the as drag ure acts in the place of the thumb. and the line snarl. designed by Dr. and the spool backlash in spite of their and persistent efforts. other. to get and with the confidence.

) . " Imperial " Black Bass Beel.) "Imbrie" Compensating Beel. (Abbey & Imbrie. Mills & Son. (Wm.96 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS.

any wear taken up. or when stopped. when cast the same spring ing. Frankfort. rorary of watchmaker of of of Mr. which operates mentioned. reel Either the is in the drag it be operated while motion. The bearings can of the shaft are compensating. I ex amined one of Snyder's reels. plate or a complete stop. were and contem- The same reels both makers built upon the plan. that had been in first constant use than thirty years. constructed his spool-shaft with conical fitting into screw-pivots with a beveled recesses. Snyder. be to of or the line thumb . just tension can the sliding button With this thumb-piece any amount of be brought to bear upon the spool. the can reel as It will hereafter be the placed on the same click or the automatic drag. ran as smoothly of as when made. by which be properly adjusted. 97 . as it is the same as applied a to reels about forty years ago a by Mr. for more year or two ago.FISHING REELS. The reel . Kentucky. Meek. by virtue of the compensating device. simply by the pressure of the a fish is hooked the tension can likewise the thumb-piece from a regulated a by free-running used spool rim light drag. This compensating principle I know to be a good one. or overrunning on or backlashing be be prevented the pressure the spool can regulated by the leveras drag. reel Mr. which gives greater power in reeling and more freedom in is made casting than the ordinary straight cogs. or thumb- piece. Snyder ends. these of Paris. or . which. heavy drag. or The wheels and pinions are cut with oblique teeth cogs. Chubb's silver. Kentucky. to be only in side of fly-fishing. and is made of gears the best quality steel pivots German has steel and throughout. but Mr. On the the end is an adjustable click.

This consists of as swiftly and beveled recesses in the ends of the shaft. balance handle. they can be adjusted and compensated by the device mentioned. the best with being his Silver King. in the The usual heads of these pivot-screws are covered which by caps manner. or axis of the spool. spool. Thos. at the choice the purchaser. or by removing the pivots can be screwed in out. and is made in a firstquite light. and a very handsorae. which are or tapped disk. and being fitted accurately in all its parts. that can be operated while (and with is in motion the rod hand if necessary). and German silver It has full steel pivots. It is class manner throughout. and handle. being double multiplier. an makes several multiplying for Black Bass fishing. caps hard rubber. works reraarkably smooth and rapid. steel- reel. adjusting their conical points perfectly to the coni- . and a patent adjustable the back plate.98 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. mentioned above. into which are fitted the the " conical ends of screw-pivots " (just the reverse of Snyder raethod. J. is as well adapted a for fly-fishing as bait-fishing. through the center of each outside plate. sliding the and reel screw-off click on for oiling." This is excellent reel. to multiply two of or four times. substantial reel . answering equally well for fly-fishing or bait-fishing. causing the spool to revolve noiselessly as though running on jewels. New York.. The compensating de vice is a very desirable feature. patent " Abbey pivot & Irabrie's one Irabrie " compensating. with an adjustable click. and as the bearings become worn. is of the greatest merit. but subserving the same purposes). styles of Conroy. symmetrical end plates of cap. 65 " Fulton reels St. well and substantially made in hard rubber and German silver. It is a double multiplier. in two styles.

unsteady. that in casting the minnow the spool revolves entirely independ ent of the handle and gearing. much By the pillars the capacity to of size the or spool increased without an adding it on the weight of the reel.FISHING REELS. The device for this purpose is and arrow-shaped by a short. thus doing away with con siderable friction greater ease and operated allowing the bait to be cast with delicacy. lever which occupies appropriated the position on the crank plate that is wrongly on page by the click button in the illustration 96. . dinary tion of reels after " noisy working of they become worn. reel can By this compensating device the thus be made to run and smoothly always. with for oiling. It has cut improved shows adjustable click on the back plate). and Imperial" avoiding the the spool in or this por renders practically Wm. plate (the wrongly the crank A novel feature in connection with this out reel of is a simple so device for throwing the handle in and gear. and allowing is as well adapted for the flj'-rod as for minnow-casting. screw-off It is caps pivots of double multiplier. with raised raised pillars. it to be operated while the reel is in motion. and end plates hard is rubber. Mills & Son's new " very meritorious the everlasting. has a strong a frame of German silver. wabbling. 99 cal recesses of the shaft." reel Black Bass reel is another candidate for the favorable con sideration of steel the and angler.

(Wm. DBF 5 G 4 F 3 E 2 1 C D Tapered Snameled Fly Lines.) . Mills & Sou. (Wm Mills & Son.100 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OP THE BLACK BASS.) Braided SUk Iiiues.

5 and line. are or No. These lines seem to be and all that can be wished for as reel lines in bait-fishing." third less in but caliber or No. himself for. 6 in size . and while they are a than the " G. just alluded to. While the tapered. and expressed soon be produced. The styled Henry letter " H. and the said company. FISHING LINES. enameled silk line is all that can be desired for fiy-fishing. state better line than any the hope that such a attention fishing line Henry Hall Company to the I am happy to be able to the extensive concern of the that suitable lines were shortly for afterward manufactured by response to those suggestions. smaller being more closely braided they absorb are much in size. They but little (101) ." Hall Company's lines. be fully strong. they to seem as to contain the same amount of stock. the lines heretofore furnished for bait-fishing of " were open to several objections." I made statement yet that the perfect line for Black Bass bait-fishing was the future. On the page 258 in The Book of the Black Bass.CHAPTER XI. as I had invited the manufacturing matter. in have been in the market several years. and more compact. would and suggested how a much in use could line of be made. the Bass fisher has much to congratulate Reel Lines for Bait-fishing.

and consequently are render very freely in casting the the best silk minnow. one-third grains grains white or two hundred mottled and thirty-five to a hundred It is and green. It is of a pinkish-drab light chocolate color. as all waterproof lines were stiff and of unyielding for minnow-casting. SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. and of dressed and raw silk. These lines selected made in several styles. and hark back to onr youthful experience . as the waterproofing detract in any way does not di a result its flexibility too or softness in any degree that had before been irapossible to obtain. 1 strain of line. an objection first sight might be deeraed this by some. yards. The process waterproofing. The raw silk heavier than line is very hard and compact. weighing not quite two grains to one hundred and one hundred yards weighing the yard eighty-five grains. reflect a tests. sustaining or pounds. usually It sustains a dead weight of ten pounds. sea-grass eight It is of the same caliber as a the No. and slightest difference to the Bass themselves. which does use as a makes not line water from its minish bait line. makes the line perfectly black in color. The proof Henry Hall Company also by a new process. and a trifle the boiled silk line. alternating with lines of have never discovered that it made the practical And if we will moment. dead weight. and fully as strong.102 water. killed Bass averaging three not sustain more pounds with a line that this than a pound. weighing about two and to the yard. like most raw silk lines. which at however. The dressed or boiled line is very firm and light. But I have experimented with line by numerous lighter tints. which is at least three times the I have often would strength actually required with a pliant rod. in color.

when in England. 1. Reel Lines There has been waterproof no for Fly-fishing. they claimed to be the best fly a line in the world . or sunfish. I examined fly-lines. as we were after braided. years. by twisting silk together two three sewing we we somehow always preferred as successful black were just in luring the wily Bass the those somber. improvement in the best as line for of fly-fishing. sorbs The one advantage of twisted line is all that but little water. account of twisted lines . G. lines a shown manufacturers not whose in this class of was formerly very satisfactory. or in lines for Black strands silk . the metal-center line. but there was nothing that could of to those American manufacture. sent me metal-center. have lately commendable spirit by turning out much better lines. the best English compare Recently. but testable contingency is obviated to the harder for being de when cable-laid a considerable this extent. home-made came lines. for a kink. silk for lines. boiled light-tinted lines into vogue. when we fished with for gudgeons. indeed. with much pride. enameled. shiners. of and with or our adolescent days. The Hall silk which Company or about also makes a cable-laid line of No. it has been some about perfect for a number work However. London dealers which showed me. as compared to still fishing it will answer moderate a other purpose. silk Spalding & Bros. for it twists wet. and even where amount of every casting is it ab done. but A. and thus causes kinking . enameled line that is . black sewing fingerling trout.FISHING LINES. 103 in angling. the same size as the "H" line on is tho best twisted line I its non-liability to ever saw for bait-fishing. when we made our own Bass fishing.

. advantage of a a smaller metal-center line is that it the can be used of caliber and still retain same weight a as a larger line. center consists of wire. around which the that it does not stiffen the line to might extremely small line is braided. be imagined. is As the line is probability thoroughly the wire water proof. there not much of becoming oxidized or rusted. The wire is an appreciable so copper so fine as degree. and at the same time it is probably little lines stronger. far of ahead of the best produced in England.104 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. and the equal any The enameled line made in the United States. though for that are matter any an of the enameled strong The metal en'ough.

each worm giv each sac. produce in the drawing out of the fluid silk. they as related could were taken drawn to their worm. Manchester. from from both varieties. but.WORM GUT. length. SILK. of several strands It has of long been known that from the larvse moths. leaders. or of weak vinegar. the two cecropia who. for we obtained from the from the eeeropia strands over three yards (nine feet) long. Before drawing. Deceraber 16) giving says : history ' ' his experience. and (106) . Orvis strands one We drew many the worms ing put two strands.CHAPTER XII. Chas. 1886. for . than from the Chinese strands of satisfactory lengths have seems to be a want of some of some peculiar skill in the silk- treatment or or manipulation of the larvse. order to the silken strands of the desired Among those who have been interested in the of matter is Mr. larvae very successfully. there special knowledge. or a lack silk-worm proper be produced. much can species of our native silk-worm longer gut. i e. having poly- procured a number of cocoons of species of native and silk-worms. we solution of acetic in a dilute to acid. in be regard to the Chinese length was aU that desired. Orvis. Vermont. in strength. known phemus. while been frequently taken. out and After leaving The a few hours. them for greatest which seeras render it more tenacious. Mr. F.. or the glands. hatched as Platysamia raised Telea and the In a an article of (Forest and Stream.

for a leader in to nine feet in length. for the day. according to Dr. be can produced fully strong is a fortune in it piece of as as the best Spanish If it be done there a from six somebody. Book of Black Bass strength "). Garlick (page to have 272. according to the next variety. that " according to weather temperature. we hopes were vain . poly2>hemus strands nearly our as long . Garlick. Orvis worm. the he had previously drawn gut from the Chinese hard and by the same treatment that he strong. who to claimed produced strands equal in Spanish gut." applied to the American worm. will bring a good price. proceeding in the same manner. Mr. strength com the product of Chinese It could hardly from have been in the drawing. and. e. when they had dried. and as for single as strong the Spanish gut. for the had previously drawn gut Chinese worra. worm drew the The worm without practice any kind of preparation. An easy way to experiment in the matter would be to . delicately tinted either green or pale brown. or. at all. that the American silk-worm requires a different mode of no treatment in this respect. " Orvis " placed the larvse. i. . than in cool the time as being states less in hot . We drew many strands. and the color was perfection.106 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. treatment It is hoped that tinue to be made. in China and Spain is to soak the for from two to twelve in vinegar of full strength (accounts required vary) hours." weak Dr. while be drawing. but all with no better It fore will be observed a " that Mr. experiments in this direction will con until the native gut can gut. it method would seem that or either foreign is not well understood. few hours " in the vinegar. pared with found that the they we had but little worm. But alas. and it was hard and strong.

among which are etc. and all are more or with blue .shaped the wings near the middle. Cassino & Co. the apple. along the sides. expanding markable inches or more." S. and of a pale green. sprinkled with spot. elm. coarse. dull brown The wings of the moth are of a rich brown color. and change in color and size at each moult until mature. are less arraed with black bristles. 456-457) : silk- The Cecropia a wide worm. It has than most appetite. beech. maple. and a double broken band on ones. with a large or less with red. eggs. when they are three or four inches long. near the middle A red band. The outer edges of the wings are pale black line the hind on silky brown. oak. willow. and or bluish-green color. shaded more gray scales. crosses kidney. the following good de scriptions are abridged C. those They construct elongated. History.. E. The tu . The base of the fore wings is dull red. Fernald Standard vol. birch. 107 collect spin the fully the grown as their cocoons. has re distribution in the United States is six one of our a largest moths. pp. The young caterpillars are black. to enable any (" one to identify Natural the moths and larvse. which ii. 1884.SILK-WORM GUT. The female lays from are creamy-white and eight or two to three hundred striped with which and hatch in ten days. cocoons. edged on the inside with white. larvse just before they are ready to they are quite plentiful in the central portions of United States. reddish. which. feeding on no less fifty different species of plants. and margined with black. In from their especially in button bush order or water-sycamore swamps. through which runs an irregular the fore wings. the second bercles on the third the back fourth segments are coral red except others on and are yellow. plum. Boston. those on the last segments. of each wing. H. Platysamia cecropia. with .

is bordered hya a whitish oval purplish- brown which V-shaped often It spins cocoon. speculating order sible. in as pos to render them little discernible to the fish to this end Many experiments or glass have been made by especially constructed. etc. with seven oblique yellow on on each side. days. is our best Each feraale lays from two native silk-producing species. slightly the top and bottom. curved white and black line. the the tubercles middle. and the nearly cylindrical sides brown. and near their and apex is a black lilac eye-spot with a bluish crescent in it. for his and in obtaining the silk. 1867). during Those especially interested Mr. of a full-grown is over three inches long.108 a SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. and convex portions whitish. as are continually to the most suitable theorizing and. or by the experimenter putting his head beneath the surface of the water. Leaders. Telea polyphemus. in order to view the leader through the same medium as the fish. tanks But the praiseworthy experiments to determine the color . remains falls to the ground. in ing the American silk-worms. a shade of above. The American silk-worm. using aquaria. elm. which are about one-sixteenth of an convex on inch in the diameter.. Trouvelot (American rience and experiments are referred to the articles of expe rear Naturalist. to three hundred eggs. light-green and color. now as as ever. the segments orange with a segment silvery spot on The last mark. colors for leaders. caterpillar These hatch in from ten to feeds on twelve The when the leaves lines of oak. Anglers. where the insect the winter in the pupa state.

109 of leaders least to end sure experience. are in disappointment . which as is. we are doomed to disappointment. without reference to color. because the water. from hyaline to black. has been my Experiments to this end have been made by visible to the fish. as shrimp bait with the fly. experiment with will the fish themselves. otherwise our ef be like the play of Hamlet with the melancholy The sense of sight in fishes is but little un Dane left out. province of speculation and But when we enter and the con jecture. and perhaps oilght without any well-defined reason. such. their visual capacity where. the shrimps. or. though we bring to our aid all the known I lately read. our own fact precludes all analogous reasoning from myself. in other words. My own experiments in this direction havenot been to few. that have demonstrated. practical anglers show for many years with no other result than to that the finer the gut the better. standpoint. while said angler was artificial beneath the surface of flies on the surface appeared show of to him like To have should -with made some proving his salmon and statement he have first demonstrated that as could be taken situations. at least. however commendable. my own satisfaction at any color of leader or snell will answer equally well. measure try to see for the fish. forts derstood. I have satisfied however. alone. some resources of the science of optics. to by our own.SILK-WORM GUT. except that it to be least visible to the fish. that . the anatomy of their visual organs. though I confess that I was formerly partial to a slight bluish stain. in this direction. in the same The only way to is to experiment with profit. indeed. successfully. or mist color. and I least. that the an English the angler declared that the it was a salmon took fly under delusion that shrimp.

as others with not lines the ap proved colors. accompaniment. and are too heavy. and snells As to leaders makes in fly-fishing. much fine as possible. is as successful in taking of trout most Black Bass with bait. but. other good reason. strands without or blue. or coarse white as lines . simply . is have them required. Though any tints of I prefer lines and leaders of neutral as may answer. and other the large hooks. being more in than for any not weaken and accordance with the eternal fitness provided things. or the angler with line twisted affixed or of black sewing-silk. On the whole. than in That the dent color of the leader is that the not important is very evi when we refiect boy with line of wrapping of cord. red. stain or and as staining does this may possibly be the case. for the rod and amount of strain exerted by a fish on the tackle is very color less than is popularly supposed. it is best. snells and leaders of the finest silver suture wire. as I do their to not think it any greatest difference. white. I think. they have to be content are not pliable enough. the as the dye certainly can not add to its strength. acute it is to be that their discernment is as that brook-trout. presumed of a marine wire fishes. the strength this is not much with a flexible rod. to or which the hook is leader snell. I have used. desideratum. for trout and Black Bass. then. Sharks do and hesitate to take the bait and even with nor the huge hook chain swivel cause of yet do codfish. to use leaders and snells of unstained gut. I think with our leaders and snells as we shall we find them to-day. in their own element.110 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. The as and me. perhaps better. it seems to consistent with to color. practically. they we see as well ours. the gut. with success. practically. refuse the bait be snells.

that a sight of the angler himself is more fatal to successful fishing than a display of coarsest leader. meanwhile.WORM GUT. will and that there be then each (instead two). but double three about make one strand strands back loop. mostly made and is by far the loops for attaching An preferable way. who tie the gut strands making leaders is that used by some together in lengths of three feet. angler which In this way a number of casts may be used as found necessary. or This loop should point the reel end of the leader. and a loop the . a Two be of these or lengths to these can be of looped together for feet. and its ex planation on page 281 ("The Book made much clearer gut of the Black Bass"). now or of the most outre with most in color. a be If the is using. lap on itself. in order that the drop fly when attached angle to the leader. the remembering. Ill and most per selecting those that are the finest. nine with loops at each end. excellent mode of the reader will and if making the loop is as follows : refer to Fig. so of about four inches. of presented strands for tying. three for one The flies easily. good plan of A very anglers.SILK. leader of six feet made in this way. the two inches long two the forming loop . Leaders are the dropper flies. fect. 11. may stand at thus prevent it becoming right curled around it. roundest. when wet. the forraer toward to be clipped off short. This will on leave two other on one side of are the knot. and draw tight. very six-foot leader. . now tie the knot in the manner as shown in the illustration short ends referred to. say. usual the matter will be the In forming the knot for the two tying to ends are lengths together in making a leader. on page 278. lapped about two inches in forming that the knot. and away from the stretcher a fly. can also attached looped can ends prepared.

when bought from a leader. in actual fishing. at is always weakened when six or more pounds tested to the breaking likely less to or one of . of several double gut.112 with SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. by discarding the broken frayed portion replacing it another three-feet length. a good last until worn out. as suggested. will a leader that breaks be eight pounds at more the first trial. or should be very two require careful or to apply and a force than three actual pounds. the of stretcher and dropper flies attached to the end seen loops how " the lower three-feet it " length. and by as separate snells each they can be readily attached for droppers. not sustain than six pounds at a the next. These separate snells should not be more than three or four inches long . thus. and still at the third trial. There is really no necessity for testing a first-class Bass or trout fishing. which than it a will in fishing. instead of being tied on snells of inches in length. repaired the leader in length also same and the with middle. Most Black Bass flies or are or Snoods. end. eye. change it wiU readily be cast and easy would be to the unlooping before. Silk-worm point. and when the . Snells. be as They using can easily looped looped at on for stretchers. In testing the the angler weight of more strain gut more strength of leaders for Black Bass not fishing. This is rauch the best way. But if will leader low test is applied. is really is all the leader can be put to without injury. by simply looping on attached another three-feet flies already a as It will be seen how easily with leader can be or in the manner. a now made with short loop. for Black reputable maker.

droppers will stand out better from the and longer ones. 113 should not exceed fly is tied directly or to the snell. instead chafed or it is stronger. become frayed. better. but this vantage in fly-fishing for Black Bass. will increase be no disad . as be formed of the smaUest and sized wire not gimp. can It will. the weight of the fly somewhat . than " " they fit the modern fly-books Thc eye or loop of the of fly may gut. thc latter three four inches in length Short leader much snells inches is really long enough.SILK- WORM GUT. however.

and over and the lat secure ter. though some prefer it turned Through up. for the very finely drawn. on which doubled must be fastened suited by for a single gut with some sort of It is best the very are mer small hooks. on the same plane with the while vertical. the im knots or hitches. Recently the old " " eyed hook has been with revived : in the Eng old- land for that artificial flies. turned up or (114) . fashioned form had the either turned or shank. What hooks. consequently it knot. HOOKS. then drawn neater with tight. nor fret his to the particular knot or hitch by which to attach eye should making the eye of gut or gimp in Bass files is really to be preferred to any form of eyed hook. in large sizes. this eye the snell is passed and fastened by one of several proved eye is. for the the small gut and loop at the head of the a fly. But the Black Bass fisher whether soul as need not worry his brain as to be turned up or down. the turned down eye is deemed the best form. be through it. as the loop of the snell can be readily passed through snell plan of the . and the trout flies of England gossa usually tied. or of which with eyed the snells are made. brazed or unbrazed. but eye this difference up. is turned down .CHAPTER XIII. but the a by any form of of the new hook gut can not is so small passed that. gut. the each of which has its advocates. making and more snell very than eye neat attachment secure eyed hook knotted except .

00. etc. in new dresses. 000. way that the wire is for the finer the wire the more fre has worked weU for centuries. propeUers. and Mr. 1 he calls 0. traces gags .. the same size becoming the higher the number. allowing way. lock seem brake-winches and metal center registered would fast joints. May files. 000. dry and flies and floating gimp . The quently must it be drawn through the plates to reduce it. in the This is logical. This system numbered. 115 down . much ex During ercised my visit. S. beware of imitations. seat.HOOKS. snaps. those smaller than No. but the only reason given for this new system is "Now. were ever dreamed in my American angling of philosophy. and started by or an " interested " had of " invented patented registered form hook (with the turned down eye). Pennell has written a book iu which he adopts this numbering . gangs. 1 we number 0. flights. and who wanted the Redditch manufacturers to depart from a uniform system of established system.. a manufacturer employing a very few hands his hooks backward. it that the boasted conservatism ens as soon as the average Englishman last year and weak he takes to angling. of for the and fly-fisher. and adopt the K-endal On this subject Mr. however. the famous hook manu facturer. link-swivels. AUcock. 20 being a large size and 1 a smaller size . to number chooses that ' it is sufficiently elastic. says : "In Redditch smaller we number from 1 to 20." and revivals angler of old obsolete ideas. flies . sizes larger than No. 00.'" of extension either . of etc. the British angling regard mind was in to the re-numbering angler who a new fish " hooks. spinners. I saw in Eng than land more " novelties. for nearly a numbering hooks that had been century. etc.

use the best sewing-silk ones the . or pinching it with by advise hira to do nothing heat it. and At the it is with. DubUnaccord Sproat. Aberdeen. of and the kind. to folly use when they can better be dispensed hook sraall In tying red shades gut. but let me caution the tyro. off It destroys the temper the protective or of a hook to burns gut fiber of the to bite expanded by soaking and crimp it . it breaks the and when the gut is shrinks upon drying.116 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. and to wrap evenly off. bend. and agree very closely in all the sizes. Snelling Hooks. nothing tightly. and to soften the gut crimp it by biting with the teeth or pliers . if they do harm. hooks seem and coarser for larger and and they to be stronger. Carlisle. in tying gut snells to hooks. As the hooks as that are most in vogue in the United States. If properly done it will never pull loses its life after a time. use finest for very as suitable. O'Shaughnessy. becoming silk Rubber and brittle. it would be in the nature of a calamity to change to the or it for the Kendal any other system. them from no constant good wetting they may do a drying. best. thereis nothing shoemak- better for purpose than the best light-colored . are all numbered the ing Redditch system. tied on. or to heat other wax. The best way to tie a gut snell to well-waxed silk a hook is to use and but thread. it coating . the color is The the silk must be well-waxed. and so will all and cements. and to soaking. It has been recommended. the shank of the hook and coat it with rubber or cement. and hollow-point Limerick. sooner or later. to the wrapping . cement rots and leaves the wrapping loose.

and continue the wrapping for a short distance. and When it is the strain the back the direction the traction is away from the end of the shank. gut and silk. of and the uppermost . or six or eight turns. evenly and closely down toward the bend of the hook. passing the loop over and around the bend the hook . to tie a tapered hook to gut. for large hooks . barb with of the gut to the right.HOOKS. Some the place on writers advise laying inside of the gut and on the of shank. proceed as fol lows : First wax the silk well of . around the shank. and has a tendency to stretch or loosen the wrapping at that point . and finish the wrapping with the invisible knot. then take the hook between you are right- the thumb and forefinger the end the left hand (if shank handed). wrap Begin the wrapping just below the end of the shank. silk so that the shank points left. by placing the point of the hook against the ball of the thumb and making traction on the snell. which can be folded in piece of soft leather to back proper prevent soiling but the one's fingers. below the end of the gut. it is much or better of more to it on front the shank. 117 a er's wax. The invisible knot is formed in two ways : one by revers ing the hook in the fingers to the of the left the hand. Now. as can be easily demonstrated. shank and lay the silk alongside the gut. while with the gut in front of the shank this is obviated. for one-third small medium-sized hooks. shank. then. lay thc along the inside and the shank or of for half its length. their two ends silk together . and and begin wrapping the at (around the gut. and laying along the a shank of with its end beyond the end ofthe shank. leaving its tip bare. using as much strain in wrapping as the silk will bear. leaving of loop the silk to continue the wrapping. and itself) the end of the firmly.

the then the end the wrapping and after through pulled loop. silk and baek by its end. is to lay a doubled being toward gut. drawing is to be closely clipped off. each turn. Another way of making the invisible knot. its loop the hook.118 at SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. or rather a same silk different way of doing the thread of finer (unwaxed) thing. draw It is more clipping off the end closely. it is to be well coated with the end means of a camel's snugly and tightly When the wrapping is shellac varnish by hair pencil. through turns. but pass not the bend of or along the wrapping. . until four or five turns are made. easily done than described. the and then drawing the ing tightly. completed. by and out means of which under the wrapping thread is back these last turns. and include this doubled thread in the last four five turns so around as the shank and and wrapping of quite firmly silk before.

Grizzly King. almost any diffident. But that there are some flies that more generally and uniformly killing. that. often preference is purely fanciful. ARTIFICIAL FLIES. that to induce Perhaps.-*. Some silk. for I believe that. renders a particular fly more killing are others at cer tain times. but when they are shy and freely. or just form or size. all but it is or pardonable weak which we are more less prone and then it do much harm. rather than its peculiar features. a fact proved by practical experience. ted on various and water. times they will take any thing made of feathers. Nearly special favorites. large the ordi nary trout fly. tinsel. which is nearly twice exactly. when fish are rising fly will kill .CHAPTER XIV. Red Ibis and the several hackles or palmers. seem or combinations of a rise. Professor. day in and day out. a angler has his the Very . (119) . they prefer. what what color or combina colors. Among these are notably the Coachman. These were all originally trout files. The facts are. to can not we are both in general and every flies. more choice in the matter than the fish themselves. in most instances. it is the manner of offering. ness. fully that cast. but they answer as good a purpose for the Black Bass as when made of as the proper size. There are flies and flies. it is only colors. than all. is admit generally by fly fishers. We really do tion of not know. and after skill flies of certain colors.

Red. HenshaU W^hitp Miller f-irrav Drako Brown. yellow. White. however. just what form or tempting. Red. Yellow. Black. Rod. or a bit of rag. " Then. Perhaps this where are can be better shown of in the following table. wings hackle readily NAME OF FLT. Gray. Brown. Gray.to or sizes. colors and fishes. White Gray. White. Red Ibis Lord Baltimore Oconomowoc Oiieen of the Water Ppofeaaor Red. Gray. " ing in on some we waters are comparatively If knew the colors. and of any known colors color . Red. Yellow. Red. Gray. a fly or flies that are kUl useless on others. HACKLE. Red. Yellow. BODY. particular vanity of the Black Bass color or size is most if he is color-blind. and the predominating seen : colors body. Green. Red. Black. and flies embody and to have a penchant many artificial times gray and one or more of these are in their construction. Brown. wool. . Red. WINOS. Gray. Herl. Gray. Red. Green. like most other game for red. we should have an easy task. Yellow. Red. Gray. Gray. Herl. White. Dun. Gray. Black. they usually kiUing flies. brown green. at that the Black Bass. Yellow. White. I^ontrefll Polka King of Abbey the Water Red.120 or SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. White. Green. Yellow. Expe or rience and observation teach us. Brown. and at still other of times they will rise an artificial fiy. Brown. Blaok. nothing in the semblance again. Red. at other times they will notice only certain . seems and black.

tail. Body. a merely eral mention them. Body. ginger . herl . black yellow. smartest. Oconomowoc. Oriole. and handsomest. red . : New Jersey. scarlet. tail.ARTIFICIAL PLIES. The last four in the table especially useful on dark days. to the exclusion of soon guide. with gold tinsel . white. creamy-yellow. brown. . hackle. and hackle. for own each angler will adopt few flies for mentioned his fishing. mulae for their follows Polka. mixed. Alfred M. wings. father naturally thinks his own children the best. cinnamon peacock (woodcock). and hackles. Oriole. and glo by a on all occasions. white hairs from peacock's wings. the red. or toward evening. Oconomowoc. I as a gen in my hands have all proved very killing. them none of which nevertheless may have been continue and above. black. of the Stevens Institute Technology. twist . wings. this is one of the rious privileges of the art of angling. Hoboken. with mixed. dun (hairs from Body. wings. white and deer's tail) . but he swear will to use them. two fibers (green) The Lord Baltimore fly originated with of Prof. orange or yellow . deer's from tail . black. Body. gray (dove) . the praise or condemnation construction are as Henshall. Mayer. are gray. white with gold hackle. hackle. I may be pardoned for placing As in the above list and strongly recommending and as general flies to my Polka. tail. Most and of the flies in the own above table are general favorites. others. Henshall. leaving The for : others due them. tail-feather. black and spots (guinea fowl) tail. brown black . 121 flies that I use The above list embraces except all of the in Black Bass yellow fishing. Its formula is as follows .

always taking I have not yet deterrained the most occasions on successful. order colors. bronze (wild turkey) ." honor own hanging bird. taU. songster was named in the same as its colors were his black and orange. and as they are the heraldic colors of the State of Maryland. natives Baltimore. the Bass no other fly ." from the crest of Abbey they call & the Imbrie have " and manufacture made what same Fluttering same It is that in the patterns and except in the manner as the conventional fly. that is as yet a puzzle to me. for several seasons. patented Fly. though I am inclined to think it best It is constructed entirely of metallic cloudy days. hackle. suitable conditions and for using it. the Bass re the other fly in the cast. fibers golden pheasant. is. of tail and wings. with smaU upper wings jungle-cock. Body. wings. which beautiful as from the Baltimore oriole. of Lord Baltimore. bronze (peacock herl) . Professor Mayer aptly named his trout fly. and were the heraldic colors of Lord Baltimore. unknown to the other. Body. golden yellow . the head is the bend . being " . a fly to embody these colors . Lord Baltimore while I designated Professor Mayer I. the tail near of the fly is at the the shank. the or " Oriole." my Black Bass fly. hackle. and orange of .122 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. I have been experimenting with a fly. but it is fusing it altogether. Lord Baltimore. of my own design ing. black. Sometimes it is the rising to it madly on other occasions most killing fly at all I ever when they not would notice cast. and I give its formula in an interest in it may try it : that any one feeling Golden Dustman. each designed. and knowing that black and yellow formed a good and taking combination in an artificial fly. that the hook is end of reversed while .

expand lifelike motion. to his fly-book. the wings and hackle. than the ordinary fly. though enough with them to determine any well or all whether they are better. is more likely to fasten the it is almost sure to be hooked if it touches the fly. The barb being near the head of the half-drowned insect. It the the will readily be seen that when this fly is drawn through of water. or opposite will to the point. as it is further claimed. A glance at the above illustration explain this better than any descrip tion.ARTIFICIAL FLIES. They are every progressive fly-fisher should worthy of a trial. sirailar to that of a struggling. and not had experience like them very much. used fish. and add a few of his favorite flies. instead closing. gives it a ordinary fly.\bbcy & Imbrie. as in which.) of the hook. it is clairaed. (. 123 Patent Fluttering Fly. fly. tied in this manner. fluttering. . under circumstances. I have I have these flies.

) . (Abbey & Imbrie. (Thos.) Hammered Spoon Bait. Conroy.124 SUrPLEMKNT TO THE BOOK OF THE HLACK BASS. Hammered Spoon Bait. J.

surprising to see the number of forms that have been evolved from into still that simple impleraent. have it revolve. and and doubled balls and trebled. bent twisted. propellers and artificial minnows. and grooved. frogs.CHAPTER XY.ies. and are and become dazed in their and contemplation. painted and spin until nickel-plated around . has been resorted to . remarkable . and it is. perfo . and it has been hammered and corrugated . to say the least. iijdeed. ARTIFICIAL BAITS. have been. embossed. for the the foUowers spoon of the meek and gentle The trolling properly can of made and has its legitimate uses. and are of Some cruel fearfully wonderfully made. trolling spoons. insects and nondescripts. the eyes and made and to floats metal minnows fl. There are situ ations where the small be cast with a revolving spoon with a single hook light rod and still remain within the pale never legitimate angling . In trolling spoons the changes that have been rung upon the original oval metal spoon. any excuse for (125) . Crustacea. with a single hook. Every conceivable or shape and which the old spoon could be cut. ribbed and rated and fluted. Probably in no direction has there been more ingenuity such as displayed than in the production of artificial baits. when it is judiciously employed. but there is using more than a single hook. murderous-looking instruments use of the most torture ever devised Walton. spinners. the brain begins to whirl.

deprecate and discourage the cruel practice. Trolling Spoons. can not and Abbey & . . and all humane and genuine anglers those should love fair play and use light and elegant tackle. so triangle. or his children. they hook was attached we could use raake be of surpassed if or single instead with a the triple hook triangle. I have the sraallest size. I never see or hear of an more using or recommending a gang of three or hooks for trolling tho live minnow without setting him angler down as a pot-fisher who . to trolling spoons. much more efficient. Spaldings them clear conscience. presenting sparkle of the light and by Conroy. 1. One the of the most effective " improveraents in spoon. away does the with off not have his mouth so torn and lacerated as by villainous triple hook or gang. I have foiind dead Bass the entire by preraaxillary bone (upper lip and jaw) torn these murderous irapleraents. more certain of being landed. " spoon-baits is so-called haramered the " oval spoon with convex surface and It is simply the old " hammered or pressed numerous sunshine into polygonal depressions facets for the play and As made when revolving. and Spalding Brothers. being hooked. Imbrie. and if he breaks pike fishing. when hook is All triangles.126 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. the pot-fishers. and a ridges. The their spoon with a used lower section hararaered and plain above. Why or do manufacturers persist in affixing the triple a single hook. hav ing the hammered sectioii nickled and the plain section gilt. for There is nothing so effective as the single The fish is more certain of hook for any kind of fishing. preferable and double hooks and gangs are English abominations invented or humane ? devised by the devU. No.

and the sraallest waters. and re-investing it Avith a single small I used it with remarkably good success in the rough under mill-dams. Mills & Son. 127 with a single hook. There is nothing in this line pearl spoon more beautiful " than . and it will always be or spoon. hook. sizes are well for the fly-rod in broken Adjustable Fly-Spoon. (Wm. in swift. the with good effect. tumbling waters. After divesting it of several triangles hooks which are always attached to arti ficial minnows." he the calls the " Capelin of phantom. and will be readily adjusted to a snelled hook be found very suitable for the white water of riffles and rapids. Mills & Son. water It is a very durable bait and is made in .) One is the of the neatest things in the way of adjustable fly-spoon revolving bait Wm. Mr." a for being made of shell ciful it can never be bent twisted into the fan effective forms of some of the metal ones. on a fly-rod. It is very adapted as a lure.ARTIFICIAL BAITS. This small of a or an arti spoon can ficial fly. Imbrie minnow of sent me for trial as a soft and " flexible artificial which the style " known the phantom. Artificial Minnows.

and to be seen whether the imitation be as successful. Three inlet of years ago I was trout-fishing was of a on Slate river. and when in Artificial Baits. the Gogebic la. . it weighed fully one and a half pounds. and homeward bound on account bow of returning down stream. sents a spinning in swift water pre bright and sUvery very life-like appearance. first-class color. heavy rain. Fur Body. Improved Artiflcial Mouse. and was a good fish for that stream.ke. and when it fine trout rose for it. Conroy.128 a SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. turned tail disappeared. and who next day repaired to the spot and suc ceeded in taking it . the stream I observed a On reaching a field-mouse swim the pool a ming across. I had seen what Upon my arrival at the hotel I iraparted to a friend who was very anxious to kill a large trout. me. J. being raanner. but and reached as the center of saw he did so.) The trout as above is well calculated and very life-like iraitation of a mouse and is to deceive. It is well known that very large a Black Bass have been it remains caught with a live mouse will bait. ( Ihos. I sat in the on either the boat casting paddled of under the banks hand as my boatman wider portion noiselessly along.

.CHAPTER XVI. and is a favorite bait on Kentucky and are a Ohio streams. or river chub added which Hybopsis kentuckiensis. tough lips. and North The the common shiner is now known as megalops . minnow. NATURAL BAITS. it has thick. There is tural Baits. There dozen " or more species of minnows are used for bait. the steel-backed To these raay be Campostoma anomalwm. " and which and " indiscriminately " called by anglers chubs shiners ." owing to a better understanding America. creek chub as as Semotilus atromaculatus the horned. and is a very common brassy much mottled with almost dark blotches . (129) . tioned on page The Book of the Black of Bass. minnow. but it would cause confusion to allude to their scientific names. the ichthyology Notropis . sucker-like. in coloration. only in Black Bass fishing. tific not much to be added to the Chapter changes or on Na There have been 318 " some in the scien men nomenclature ofthe cyprinoid of fisheSj of minnows.

N. J.) . Conroy's Improved Fly-Book.130 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. 65 Fulton St. (Thos. Y. Conroy..

two stretched and secured by means of long and closely-coiled at equal springs. two three. It is the interesting. placed distances apart. in or this department. one both to ends of which riveted strong nickel The snells are the page. is so some them. but surprising. to observe the improve not only raents and inventions that are being made. flies. MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. can each season. Tub list added of miscellaneous implements is constantly or requirements of being to. fly-leaves of or stiff waterproof metallic surfaces. upon looking over catalogues of our large dealers. and the choice must be left entirely to the angler's taste or fancy as to the different methods of securing the articles. to meet the wants anglers. Every and manufacturer of has or patented at and least one fly-book. manufactured and by Spalding board is with Brothers. frame. The fly -book. sure where there much competition there is to be production of good It is really hard to choose between those now made. The a is a very strong are at made substantial leather book. of Every thing that be devised thought put to increase the angler's pleasure or comfort is into practical shape. Fly-Books. scalloped spiral accommodate a dozen flies. and also as "Bray" to details patent of construction and finish. which completely across are fastened to the (131) .CHAPTER XVII.

.132 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS.

J. with Between the fly-leaves the moisture are leather leaves faced wet flannel. and. course. They by a . The whole is secured by a A. and the are firmly are to through the leaf. firmly reverse of stitched nickel of together strong double side racks. stretching to its full extent. Conroy's At Improved each patent fly-book has double parchment with silk. or clasp. tween and hold dozen flies to leaves. a keeping and it perfectly a straight. and a parchment for lead ers. flat to the nickel riveted page at bars running through them the edges. leaves. to absorb regardless their very readily attached or length. with pockets at short-looped very strong clasp. of snell and the loop the the snell attached the flat hook the rack at opposite end of the leaf.MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. with their hooks springs. and The fly-leaves are made of and celluloid. a very page. riveted a through to those the the leaf in very secure manner. substantially made. These bars and the to each other on riveted fly- frames of are placed opposite ends the two each sides other the leaf. B. " the securely Thos. neatly stitched strong spring double parchment. fly-book is neatly made of end for leaders and snelled is closed neat and flies. is fitted with flat metal hooks. 133 and page by strong. The racks. spring is of at The one fly to is affixed of to the hooked the of spiral end the fly the leaf. with large leather pocket at each end of book. closed by a neat " spring catch. The of snells detached. with metal end are on frame. and held straight. be the pocket are which are extra parchment made The cover of book is entirely the of leather. is is from flies. Shipley & Son's patent either leather. A large and pocket whole placed at one part of the book for leaders. or of bound on the edges. hooks. springs One bar and the double rack the other with neat spiral terminating end of also in hooks.

(Wm. Y.) . N. The "Levlson" Fly-Book. Mills & Son..134 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. 7 Warren St.

of keeping it without regard These nor clips and clasps add much do not increase the bulk while the book in to its weight. of with two bars between. Chubb has of patented and manufactures two pur styles fly-book.) have two metal clips at each end rows of spring straight clasps for attaching the fly-hook. Thos. (A. flat spring for securing .MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. the flies are placed position and removed very readily. though in scalloped nickel somewhat at different two ends manner. instead snells spiral springs. a both of which subserve the same poses. with between for securing the snell. to its length. Mr. irrespective rugated nickel their length. clasps which have. H. B. on which are placed short spiral springs of at the snells. two nickel bars at equal distances be tween. Shipley & Son. of One has frames and the the fly-leaf for affixing the flies. ends for securing The other has cor adjustment of frames nickel the for the the flies. 135 Patent CeUuloid Fly-Book.

136 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS.. N. (Abbey & Imbrie. 18 Vesey St. Patent Clip(OpBn) The "Southside" Fly-Book. Y.) .

and leather absorbent Thc books pockets strongly and neatly for leaders and snelled spring catches. there are smaller The books are made entirely with an improved form of clasp. in of fly-books.MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. style. The frames the two spiral and of bars are placed opposite and a riveted each other on sides the leaf firmly the together. By The means of can the hook. in first-class and durable manner throughout. the " Levison. substantially with leader pockets flies. and page holds dozen. Abbie & Irabrie's made clip sizes is in several and different styles. Imbrie also makes " Endicott " book. felt leaves for absorbing moisture from wet The flies and snells are attached at full length by the the patent clips at top and bottom of the pages. at one end The flies and neat slotted as are adjusted spiral by means of slotted at a hooks springs the other. to flies. the Mr. and closed by durable is patent fly-book. to on the spiral spring and patent clip principle." fine leather in a tho usual with pockets and clasp. Wm. be readily attached as the looped at snells are kept and perfectly straight and full length any fly can be removed without by disturbing fly-book and this method. and Between the fly-leaves material. addition ones of short-looped and leather leader pockets. are have hooks. the The pages are arranged for both Black Bass patent and trout flies. stitched very The leaves along the and formed In for double parchment neatly edges. short snells are are secured of by parchment bands. 137 to of any length. addition other styles . Mills & Son's made of metal made of leather. instead snell. The of flat spring are leaves are page spring two dozen flifes. parchment. snells with knot. of a loop. others.

Tt' Y^''' 'P^*^ '^^'^^-' double-looped snell :T and short-looped flies.. that. or eyed-hook flies are usedfit is jus he It is be ti ^zed for short-looped supplementary one. There is nothing have been shown handier than a good tackle-book is made so I of an one by Mills & Son It has half extra a which leather. loose hooks. which for holding them. Hook aud Tackle Book. l(Wm. m the beUows or accordeon omnibus. wrapping silk.) Tackle-Books.138 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OP THE BLACK BASS. . never full. like dozen large small pockets sneUed pocket hooks. MiUs & Son.t is for leaders or and each can style. leather strap and flat loops. etc. article flies. has a large lines. sinkers. firmly closed by "^ a long ^ .

go into an ordinary pocket. This often causes vexatious delay to the impatient angler. Before using leaders it is them of of course or necessary to more straighten process by soaking in water. nickel-plated will tarnish. Another one that I procured from MiUs & Son is just the It will thing. 139 Iieader-Box. (Wm. 3J by . enclose the leaders.MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. but it can be ated by the use of a leader-box. Mills & Son. in cen box will answer nice the purpose. by the tedious rubbing with gutta-percha. but it is too large into any pocket. pieces of thick felt. ter to of go and a very one one. use.) Leader-Boxes. with a small I bought one England. and being It is fitted with two ened. unless one especially made for it. box in the the large for eyed-hook flies. Its which. Almost any round metal entirely kind obvi of a flat. being damp ready for 4J inches. has not rust or rounded corners. which are thus size always Its cost is only fifty cents.

Wm.140 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. N Y . F. Landing. Mills & Son. 1. Conroy.Wet Frames. J. No. No. Thos. No. Orvis. 1. 3. Patent No. 3. No.2. Chas.. 65 Fulton St. No. Manchester. 2. 7 Warren St N Y . Vt.

the " The net can be carried creel or The J. which are joined by a one and a short one. . when not in use it is in into the serted end. brass at or nickel-plated. nickel-plated. is another example of the principle of carrying a the net-ring in hollow bamboo handle. which has the a screw-cap Dorsal Fiu and at the Wm. and patented a " " net- handle. " can be straightened inserted into in the the hollow bamboo handle. why the angler can not now be suited for they are made in every style. short handle is used in wading the stream and has a ring at the end for attaching a loop by which it can be fastened to a button on the coat or creel-strap. 141 Landing-Nets. The strong ferrule. MiUs & Son have ring tool. C. net- Mr.miscellaneous implements. There is in no reason landing-nets. will show The ends holes (a a) in them which ring holder and over the pins {b of ring to the spring-brass ring (A) have are passed through slots in the attaching the b). when the natural spring the metal holds every thing firmly and securely. The long handle is for fishing of from a boat or the bank. F. a long of bamboo. which. Conroy. Bailey patent landing-net frame. end when released from its and socket the the handle. combining two handles. makes a steel and brass. sold by Thos. which is very of compact convenient The net-ring is of made flexible metal. The rim of the net is a piece to or flat steel. from the to the more simple wooden-bowed net able net-frames of elaborate and port Avhalebone. long handle. pocket. the of method of and a glance at the illustration the handle. and is readily attached detached from the handle . Orvis very useful and meritorious frame.

Conroy. B.) Combination Disgorger.) Single Foard's Disgorger. Conroy. Shipley & Son. (Thos. (A.) . J. J. (Thos.Double Foard's Disgorger.

with end of the tube ground sharp. draw the line taut. or wall is hooked in the throat or gullet. In order to render this easy to do. It has the a V-shaped knife the other at a one extremity for dis lodging hook. Wm. screw-driver. con venient and combination. . Very at the same time to prevent the fingers of the angler from dis being scratched or lacerated by the teeth of the fish. Mills & Son have a disgorger with a long and wire stiff handle. by Thos. and run the instrument down into the bend of the hook . or it may he a pike. purpose Another tool for this is sold by A. pickerel. cut ting There these are a number of other forms in the market. a gorger becoraes ingeniously One of There are a very useful tool. the end of The directions for its the instrument corre employraent arc to sponding to the size of the hook.miscellaneous implements. often a Bass. for admitting to a the snell. being a shank of the instrument is portable file. while the It is a very useful. then clasp the line against the side of the shaft. Conroy. devised implements for the purpose. and dislodge the hook. edge. a number of the best is sold Foard's use patent fishhook extractor or disgorger. J. 143 Disgorgers and Extractors. and push the whole down till the barb is disengaged. are the knife the being a slotted tube. and it is difficult to eye. but among the best. and the hook will come out with the instrument. Shipley & Son. B. of The file is while useful for touching up the point the hook. the screw-driver may be required for taking apart a refractory reel.

^#/v -t^-'-yif^j (A. Shipley & Sou. Mills & Son.144 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. B.) .) (Wm.

to aerate The ofthe water through the perforations. (A.) Rudolph's floating minnow-pail. is substantially made of heavy tin and handsomely japanned. G Spalding & Brcs. thus keeping the bait time . G. and Shipley & Son's double minnow-bucket durably made and handsomely japanned The inner of pail is strongly and orna with cir mented. of Wm. continuous A. 145 Minnow-Buckets. is made of perforated outer pail tin.MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. free plenty tages of space between it water. the water has a tendency flowing during transportation. and keep the bait alive. The "Acme " minnow-bucket. The inside pail of perforated tin can be removed and placed in the water. sold by A. Spalding & . B. it can be raised or lowered to a alive for the an indefinite of allow selection bait without wetting the hand. and the all for a culation of the It has the well-known advan the double pail. Mills & Son. Rudolph's Patent Floating Minnow-Buoket.

and The cuts show the minnow ready for use. means of which it will float at the can the water and when fishing use of from the a boat it be made fast by a string. namely : A. two is to the use the angler when are fishing a stream anglers in the same pocket at his own end of by boat. wire-cloth. Or where there be appreciated by the social angler. by . Spalding & Bros. of minnow-bag. folded.146 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. combin ing six different tools in one. Rudolph's Patent Floating Minnow Pocket. Bros. each can have his minnow the boat. a convenience that will wading. the and The inside has an air is made strong galvanized chamber secured to the inside surface of of lid.) The or fioating principle which is also applied well adapted to a netted pocket. who always wants a companion or pocket two in his boat. pail is one of of the best articles in this line. Angler's Pliers. strong round- . G. A very useful little impleraent is shown below. and the outside pail can be dispensed with.. (A.

only four ounces. (Thos. whether be taken out or replaced in mo the is below the grip. thumb as 2. screw-driver. can reel While the or above soft is held a perfectly secure. to By the screw can be adjusted any angle direction. steel reli weigh able. rod it works on a ball-and-socket joint. bit of string and a piece of wire. 1. The that crotches for the no more rod are covered with rubber. knife for splitting shot. cutter. F. J.B. The a cut is one half the size of the pliers. It Rod Holder. reel repaired.) nosed pliers.MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. so there is liability of scratching or bruising it than . means or of in Fig. in Fig. it ment. reamer. as and the angler to dispense the services of a boat It it can a be fastened to as either the gunwale. a With this rod or a tool. This device is intended for enables man. Conroy. and are made of the best They and in the best manner. . 147 Angler's Pliers. fine wire cut E. and will be found thoroughly ter. orto seat. strong wire C. trolling with or still fishing. broken disabled should may be quickly remedied or be carried in every angler's pocket. B.

Fig. will Conroy's Improved Wading-Shoes average angler be found to satisfy shoes. best best care of them admirably. leather They and are not strongly made of heavy dry quickly. A good wading-shoe is a great desideratum for the are stream and fisher. pliable . while wet. is the plan for accomplishing this attend Very few anglers. Wading-Shoes. do . verj give the attention leather when wading-shoes next needed through are as fishing .he in order that they may be kept soft and of castor result.148 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. loth to when to this needed matter as they to should. as a they the hard board. Spalding & Bros. neatly of tinned. L Universal Bod Holder. and is well adapted for the purposes its con struction. G. It is made of malleable iron. better than canvas. and stiff consequently. 2. it is necessary to take t. a liberal application oil. and are however. (A.) Fig. answer While leather brogans the purpose very comfortable. if held in the hand.

A good boat can blessing As tools a and a comfort that while every particular is hardly be overestimated. outfit a fishing receive on lakes. do not give thought care to the boats they all use. from for a calm indifference which they will sit day wet . a and broad the deep boat is a sine qua non. FiSHING-BOATS. in none rule. J. ponds. 149 Improved Canvas 'Wading-Shoes. employing the same but the best and and tackle. Conroy.) harden to without with drying. and and to have the with idea that boats with cranky leaky. that and part of angler's that should attention which its irapor a tance demands. (Thos. They are are will inclined to accept seem any thing an in the shape of a boat that float. In Black Bass rivers. anglers.MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. may be worn wading stockings. slipping They on are supplied with soft and hob-nails with or prevent rocks.

Co. Douglas & Fishing Boat."Eureka" (R.. Waukegan. J. Ill .

Douglas & Co. J. so for the is as sportsman. boat for light. boats. such that there now no employraent unsafe most usual of death-traps leaky on ex a cranky. this style of They men are enabled by building boat in large numbers. have given much thought and attention to the building ceeded of fishing-boats a at a moderate price. R. the that and year round. enough tention should should not be given and It to be too long. that the skiffs. for the amount vacation would usually paid for boat hire be more than ample for the good. or the philosophic unconcern with which they safe will spend half their time in a bailing out the water. but one a that 'can to own who few days in the to do this fishing. during purchase freight charges of a dry and comfortable boat. has been small given by builders angler to the construction of suitable and boats. order to these requirements. so they be ordered by telegraph. excuse for the scows and at a moderate price. depend but that is no hiring fishing and them at fishing resorts . Illinois. In the first place. who build tenany thing from a steam-launch or a sloop-yacht to a pound canoe. but not Of late years great so much as attention to it logy. angler year yet well-modeled and afford desirable can spend boat. should have beara render give stability. to its and considerable construction. "Eureka" Fishing-Boat. of Waukegan. safe. and have suc in producing very an low-priced. always. can in employing on them the sarae work They have them on hand. 151 feet. in and capable of meet fishing being easily model should rowed be or and paddled at . and. who use I am aware anglers.. cuse. and the angler can .MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. dry.

Osgood's Portable Folding Canvas (N. A. Mich Sectional Bottom. Osgood.board of 12-foot B Showing Cnmp-stools and Side-board . Battle Creek.

x 36 in.. all stems selected oak.. strong very serviceable boat for nearly Osgood's Portable Canvas Boat. Douglas & and as Co. can twenty-five and thirty built dollars. particularly the : " Eureka. one that he can take or buggy drive to his favorite ship water near horae. 110 are made in two sizes : 13 ft. in its box and by rail to any part of the country. The row and the sockets pull are fastened of bolts is so that they can not off. It fine-looking. five which makes it perfectly flat board. and few days This style of boat they " Eureka. It is bottom on built follows of Instead keel." is made with either square and or sharp stern.MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. and f locks are of their own design on with or cedar. pine. and in basswood boats the bottom and first two strakes are of pine of the three upper strakes basswood. Instead wales wood knees. J. and only The planking is f inch in carvel boats. all uses.. call almost anywhere. 153 within a be supplied with a good after ordering. it has a ten-inch thick. 100 38 and 10 or 12 inches are deep. or white used cedar. If the in his pack angler wishes a portable and boat. | inch bottom. is of paint on seated for three persons. x They in. work." safely recommend their for anglers. and it has and wales are of strakes on a side. . 15 ft. inch thick in clinkers. at They boats built of bass- wood. raakes a and has three it. and to seat. they which use a malleable iron brace from stove-bolts. steady. in grades. white The frames. a twenty. also a fastened on with The boat iron coats and is fitted with good pair of ash oars malleable rowlocks. boat. I have number of and canoes by R. or and weigh about and pounds. the former being the stiffest best for or angling.

but an use stronger . The able above is a view of the boat in its compact or port form. and no It can be ready for required in five minutes. class x throughout. modeled and and the fittings easily. The chest with materials used in in its construction sizes are first 8 ft.154 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. camp-stools. there is none that is so well known and so by vas sportsmen Boat. which entirely free from the roU of same size. it will in where swamped. as near perfect as "As now made. and has with the added since it was many improvements have been first introduced. tools or ingenuity are set it up. Osgood says : tests . it is it is possible all to manu facture it. as generally as Osgood's and it deserves all the praise bestowed as a highly spoken of Portable Folding Can upon it. stretcher and packing-chest . and pack oars and paddles are jointed. gunwale. It is made several from 33 . Mr. It is live light a sea birch-bark canoe. It has makes of it very steady other boats of the can row and flat bottom. bottom-board. for it does not require one-half strength to handle that a wooden boat does. boat. No danger its tipping the made over. stood It has been in severest ordinary wooden skiff would be for many years. Any lady the to water it. showing boat in folded. work The canvas a is drawn smooth.3. perfectly staunch." Fig.

according to size with The best The way it is for angling. pounds.MISCELLANEOUS IMPLEMENTS. weighing price varies size. every thing complete fifty from thirty to fifty dollars. 155 inches. X to 15 ft. pounds. and 33 inches. ac cording to . x 36 inches. fitted ft. for two persons. is 12 size. and weighs from the twenty to seventy-five up.

.

PART ni. ANGLING AND FLY-FISIHNG. .

.

The ances with art of angling. or resting upon its grassy banks. the flowers which be pot-fisher likes " come part and parcel of his pursuit . THE PHILOSOPHY OF ANGLING. that its nearly approaches and deserves its of appellation of gentle Fishing the for count. spear or seine. The the genuine loves " angling for its sake . all by innocents. its overhanging branches (159) . fishing for the spoils it brings. nor and allies without whom he more could love his view practice it. than the astronomer the heavens with pleasure on a of It is the love its depths and the stream cloudy. Wiser tice the and more the other out-door recreation. progress of by of a comparison any love of angling increases with the lapse love grows by what it feeds on. become true could no and tried friends art. and its shallows. and lingering death. whether captured the hook. caught. in its turnings and windings. of now meet with the opprobrium of true disciples own the craft. have become angler " abhorrent and " despicable practices. has an innate love for all his surroundings the trees. of and the slaughter when the a torturing and the fish. with the will improvements not suffer and appli thereunto pertaining.CHAPTER XVIII. for its healthful guild and more humane so sentiments prac now prevail more " among the art. starless night. the birds." than formerly. The years. by The angler wending his way by the silvery stream.

but one so joins days before to make as stream. Dr. wades which your spirit should wade cheerily the trout fisher " his brook. natural transi nature and nat God. grassy slopes. therefore. nor even lumber logs roll free .160 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. are all in viewing the fish in the fish-monger's stall. gives to the art of angling its to the chiefest and presents and proper the Bass of or the trout and angler in its true setting leaves fiowers and spark as ling water. with their twilight noons and mystic noises. but I from presenting to the reader the following eloquent similitude and beautiful comparison between the angler's stream and showing the easy and tion from the love of angling to the love of the stream of ure's Life. with many a snag in the midst and fallen tree "And there the fisher loving the the bends that the instinct like their own lock the pools. the shoals that embank seeks them by an deep. concealment of trackless woods. though I can not refrain come of a race of preachers . the stream and its surroundings the angler. meets When no upward flash his reels his line in ex- . where can His brook is wild. If it were otherwise he would find much or pleasure in fishing in the flume of the fish-culturist. eddy. because the trout love waters not follow them. were complete while the day calls. Not that it the contains and aU varieties of expe rience.) who has both of the love God and the love angling deeply engrafted in his heart "Act. H. Live its life after as as if life them in it. and every difficulty fly he that teases him to more eager quest of " his water-sprites. that charm. and boats that waters twist plunge. and shoot and across. Truly. from of : I feel more extract a sermon like presenting it because it is an of one (Rev. in all to I am not much given to preaching.

wrist until expectations fulfilled once when his tingles to the trout's jerk still and swirl and jurap. until another capture renews its thrill. which in every to knowledge condition of indeed is but and evil overcome. whose trout-stream from end to end is God. snarled "And that wrist tingles through casts that take no prize. day's sport in every minute." Luck Nay.THE PHILOSOPHY OF ANGLING. fills its creel with secrets of infinite love and wisdom wisdom wise too loving to wish less than man's perfection love too to spare any pain necessary to attain Godlike enough for time or eternity. torn garments. "And coraes so with life. . 161 and again pectation to give a merrier all hum to the are next throw. as giving value in failure. strides and without casts of the evil could not be in all alike as and the confi dent soul. at to the next. as the good. the whole which feels the whole brook's beauty at every step. as the guage of success in evU. do not spoil his hilarity. eternal sport in end. "Aud if by these the soul gains nought else. it gains immortal health . Happiness from an energetic sense of entire significance passing phase of it -in mystery. bruised limbs. It is to be lived its as a whole. Broken leaders. lines. time.

on the most propitious so sions. for . I might answer this question by asking another it that the sportsman grouse : Why is in or a day's outing. as the case fishing. CONDITIONS WHICH GOVERN THE BITING OF FISH. Why the is it then that angler's fly or bait? few. circumscribed we there "hundreds. score occa by of the most careful fish. especially after an unsuccessful day. but whUe the this. After a careful was reading of this chapter it would seera nothing to add to this very uncertain sub ject . for we really know very little about it. out of so many. to secure a half-dozen or a may be. is he does aware of the fact that the fish fuUy of his presence as the grouse or quail is of that the sportsman and his dogs. or even in sraall. to find all Then again we should not expect the fish on (162) . respond to It is best that it is so. in in certain with the best dogs. We only know that when fishing a favorable locality where there are that there "thousands" of waters where Black Bass. but why rises is it so ? This is the query that naturally to the ang ler's mind.CHAPTER XIX." are certainly do well. the angler is usually of nature not reflect upon sportsman not is fully be as so logical. great finds so few quail comparison to the numbers known to "use" localities? self preservation The inference is is the first law conscious cause of plain in either case.

in water. during the night. In the it is struggle for existence among animals. etc. if of we did so we would or have cause complain their not rising to biting. for I have ob that they were always near water so the shores or on the shal lows fins at night. and hungry dently ones. including fishes. that do take fish with so during the day though evi we often their stomachs full. they are still on or undigested food is usuaUy in a fresh condition. 163 no the feed to at the same time . Predacious fishes I are more active during the night. then search I account for by the fact that shores approaching the shallows and in nightly for food .. are more active during daylight: for it is not unlikely that they seclude themselves. perhaps. and. believe.CONDITIONS WHICH GOVERN THE BITING OF FISH. and was most plentiful this is really the case. As predacious expect naturally served fishes then feed mostly by night. well can verify this which It is the fish their known that the last few hours of daylight the best for are fly-fishing. that their who dorsal take were often out of proceed the Any one will the trouble to with a cautiously along the statement. showing that it has been recently the such feed. as minnows. and Then it is from the minor are ity that our we must look for the few that likely at to see and take lure. for swallowed. shores at night. fact. we would to find them at that time where their food . in shallow. while the smaller fishes. the majority that obtains the minority only that does satisfy its wants. to prevent their be ing swallowed by their larger and piscivorous congeners. are lantern. enough not. rest or sleep during the day. only the . or keep in very shallow water. and as they only rise to the . almost Predacious fishes feed entirely night.

. to the that fishes feed mostly at that it is only the few the night before quite of that failed to that are apt fully one. sleep that game and night and rest or by day. the more favorable for the fly-fisher. then.164 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. conditions are thus The hypothesis. of satisfy their appetites to respond wiles of the angler. fly in comparatively shallow water. is a reasonable " and one will account for most the bad luck " the angler.

Owing to my admiration for the Black Bass as a game fish. It is sad to " contemplate the extinction of the angler's pride " in pub lic waters. to place it in the front rank of game fishes. and It has already gone from many is fast disappearing from others. prejudice in the matter. I yield to and admiration with for the brook-trout. ever familiar love it before I am not so with blinded the by prejudice Black Bass. but I do want to dis abuse the minds of anglers of all must go. no Let us look this thing squarely in the face. Mj^ offending hath this extent. with and my " favorite advising the stocking of trout-streams fish. which perfectly Black Bass . to the thoughtlessly and unjustly. but the stern fact remains that in this utilitarian age its days are numbered and its fate irrevocably sealed. I do not wish to disturb any one's preference. The brook-trout streams. of " accused of being opposed brook-trout. I into am waters utterly opposed to the introduction in which there is the remotest or rainbow-trout Black Bass for the no one chance brook-trout in love to thrive. my and efforts my championship of its cause for many years." America. I am sometimes. but I but that I can share that saw a I was for several reasons is des " tined to become the favorite game-fish of more. placed and and my desire to have it in new waters.CHAPTER XX. (165) . Nothing can be further from the of truth. THE BLACK BASS AS A GAME FISH.

and where its breeding grounds are undisturbed. creature of shaded The trout is essentially a Its natural home is in waters and the pine forests. the with living arrow of mountain streams him. riorates the conditions of of breeding-grounds in size food supply and of the the brook-trout are changed. . disclosing stream the most secret recesses of of mid-day. spruce by pine. and walls of the streams battered decimated. rance and the is redolent with balsamic the natural food of the trout is produced in the greatest abundance. the wintergreen and trailing the partridge- berry. the decrease in size and increase in temperature. the rank As the file the forest the laid low. down. the in accordance with principle of the irarautable laws " of nature and great the survival of of the fittest (not the fittest survive of from the the angler's point and view. balsam. and forest and to the bright glare moisture of the earth and is become shriveled ground dissipated. But the iron has pears entered its soul.166 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OP THE BLACK BASS. and the brook-trout vanishes the axe of the lumberman. but the fittest to consequent on changes mutations the march civilization). fiery and wooden sun leaps The ferns through the breaches. As the red " man disappears " before the the tread of the white goes man. where where the cold air mountain brooks retain their fra- low temperature. it disappears altogether. the mosses dry. the hot. " until finally. As the buffalo giants of disap before are before the iron horse. hemlock. Much has been tion all with said about the " trout hog him " in connec the decrease of the trout. it dete nurabers and and vitality. But upon while he deserves the honest the odium and contempt heaped by . for the pine and waters arbutus struggle feebly existence .

lancet-shaped. then. of The bluefish has the of most formidable array teeth any fish its and size compressed. and not till then. covered with enamel. a trout fair trial first. nature of The character of a fish's teeth de its feed of termines the its food and the manner of ing. while the axe the lumber man continues to ring its death knell. . so of far the fish-hook is concerned.he must protection. brush-like teeth. miniature shark exceedingly strong and sharp. but by the alteration of ^iural conditions irease their existence until in size and quality. with trout-waters. soft. dissent from the statement of sometimes waters. and intended . For many years to come brook-trout will be artificially the na- and the supply thus clubs kept up in preserved waters by wealthy ar. or the when English brown trout. or the Dolly of the Pacific black-spotted trout. all or some introduce the rainbow-trout.THE BLACK BASS AS A GAME FISH.glirvg of . in teeth the Black Bass has while of fact. incapable wounding. 167 allowed angler. and Varden. introduce the But let us give these cousins of the brook Bass. then. and when these succumb. and Let us. ponds and large streams in the Eastern States into which the Black Bass can be introduced without interfering cultivated. cherish spotted favorite of our public foster and protect the crimson- youthful days as long as possible in waters. and without prejudice.s but so than the brook-trout. they will gradually definally they will either cease as lo be cr degenerate to such a degree to forfeit even this ftr'iiseworthy I '.Black he has disappeared . There are plenty of lakes. small. the as result would be the same were the trout undisturbed and peaceable possession of the streams. made that Black Bass is the bluefish voracious fresh The Black not more Bass is so are all game fishe.

is as a beautiful of all fishes. in his virescent and can spiny crest. a doughty warrior whose prowess none I have fished for brook-trout in the where would Canada. eyelids and stream green spires of spruce and fir. beauty of the great and the mosquito by breaking glassy wildly below reflecting the nothing to the over madly rushing black rocks. should not duced into the pickerel same waters with of brook-trout. a dozen would rise at every cast of the fly. fishes. long a stronger and sharper teeth than the mouth. I have cast mon stream from early morn till dewy eve. I have cast standing in a birch-bark . and it be a scramble as to which should get it great lusty wilds of a trout. for gets the swaUowing large not. and the quiet. not supposed The Black food. I think. large. and in dental destructive possibilities is not far behind it. is the bluefish pacity The and fresh waters. the most brook-trout. than any other. for the with taking in crawfish long and aggressive claws. is gainsay. the brook trout cuirass courtier. but the Black Bass. but by devouring more their this reason. ger and a longer. they by devouring be intro pike or ca the fishes themselves. of capable of swallowing big fish than their Black Bass equal weight. half pound a to two pounds in weight but the fiy made life burden the The glory pools and by day. The For Bass the best of other game fishes. for three days in succession without a single rise. from black night. availed swollen smarting brow. The a brook-trout has Bass. of and by some. only for holding its prey. which is swallowed whole. on a good sal in New Brunswick. purpose of The as mouth of the Bass is very wide. The salmon king. fresh-run salmon is the handsomest is a and most a perfect in form.168 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OP THE BLACK BASS.

rocky stream. solemn grandeur hum of bee disturbed the painful silence of the Cana woods. stood nor The fir-clad hills rose boldly on side. with for every one. I can find something beautiful or interesting in every fish or swims. I love the brook-trout best But. streams. while killing of large many fish. and butterflies do their part streara and in catching little birds. The swift-flowing. a the chirp void and cricket. canoe until and both arms and legs were weary with then rested by casting sun. to the soil silver-spangled dainty and lips food king who will not deign to during his sojourn in crystal of all. filled up The true or angler find real pleasure silversides. even salmon or trout. Or. the scudding of made full compensation. while tossing the . to the shadowed of by the umbrageous trees. should the Bass be coy and shy. glare of crystal stream back the fierce silence either the northern and flowed toward and the sea. from the humble scavenger of the affection waters. flecked by the shad ows of overhanging elm and sycamore. rock loth to leave his lair beneath of some root or shelv ing the the melody of a the birds. if the sunfish. more blessed peace. dian At such times of would fiash or on memory's mirror many a fair cool. that the I have naked an abiding lowly. for neither note of bird in silent. scene limpid lake rushing river. can squirrel. in wading some rushing. of and vocal with myriads voices where the rod and Black Bass rose responsive swish of dropping or the fly. I can find more true enjoyment. and bees the by hira . may fail to fully satisfy him. while sitting reflected on but in all in vain.THE BLACK BASS AS A GAME PISH. as an angler. his bull-head. 169 the strain. the tinkle of a cow-bell. in silence and solitude.

content. and wren and catching and sweet glimpses hill robin.170 silken scious SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. bee the bittern. fern fragrance find the of more and flower. and head swathed gauze. of my ears con the rippling laughter the woodland the merry stream. I find all from Canada to Florida. After kiUing species of game-fish east every the of the Rocky Mountains. paying trout. my breath in this inhaling upland clover and elder-blossom I say I court can true enjoyment or salmon. I am If this be treason. with the lovely face. It is my honest conviction. in annointed hands. the the joyous tone of matin of thrush. in its stiff gloved than to and silent lordly demesne. make the most of it. . lands. my eyes purring under of the and quivering leaves meadow. and and a few in foreign knightly Bass his tourney-field sufficient. my brother. gage of to the knight in Lincoln-green.

and denied by anglers. FLY-FISHING. (HI) as all unprejudiced trout-fishers must admit. and that little was mis leading. then practiced writers on ing for Black was Bass. incorrect or almost without glaringly false in most instances. The literature have been period of Black Bass the fishing evolved during past may truly be said to Previous to this decade. of and viewed in the light of our present knowledge ened. etc. this opinion is certainly strength not confirmed. although by lers. but this. related. this is ^ ^ as much as can be said for the brook trout. there are no waters while inhabited it will by the Black to the certain Bass. and with it was deservedly the pride deeraed heresy to cast the salmon. apparently it was doubted unknown to few ang angling. and Fly-fish exception. large or small mouth.CHAPTER XXI. to bait fishing. in my opinion (based on a large experience). very little mention was made of the two species of Black Bass by our angling authors. subject and to states and conditions of the water. . of But the yielding to none in my love and admiration for brook-trout. other fish. of actual due more to prejudice than to the experience. season where of not rise artificial fly at some the year. In a most by many. the exception. that the Black Bass was would rise to the artificial fly. it is a pleasure for me to state that.. was Up and to that time the brook-trout of idol the the fly for any fly-fisher. result in my opinion. if the subject. deed.

at this late day. argue it is entirely unnecessary. and will rise to the fly under the same favorable Practical Hints. and trout is the peer of the brook tackle is or salmon in fighting qualities. that the Black Bass is a game-fish of high now when of equal weight ficial fiy. as a rule. and con others. It is true that the Black Bass and rises to the fly more freely uniformly in some waters than in others.172 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. truism. In the order to be successful angler must know the fly-fishing for Black Bass. when proper employed. for it is love's labor lost to cast the fiy the year. which or on deep. but dor we compels us to acknowledge the correctness of it. take the fiy. enjoyable than lake is by far more preferable when and pond-fishing. still reaches In streara-fishing. that the largest artificial fish. waters to be fished. and water. trout or Bass. it is only the Bass are on the shallows or on the riflles that the fiy-fisher . ivhen of water. when and where of the fish to be found differ seasons when shallow they frequent deep. conditions. to that the Black Bass will or will not rise to the arti known to many anglers. do not. but this fact And likewise is it a holds good also as to the brook-trout. Those bait to who or wish to lure the finny This can giants must perforce use admission the troUing-spoon. is a damaging our piscatorial pride. or be pos in the haunts much are sessed of that knowledge born of and habits He the at of the must Bass know ent that is only of experience. though may find some exhibiting credulous fly!" the guilty huge piscine trophies to with consolation or quasi-satisfaction in our " friends the usual remark : admiring Caught on the and Seriously. ceded The fact is by degree.

as which as by right of knight of old possession. as course. He also knows that the big trout has a local habitation he holds ever under some root. his feudal stronghold. So. driftwood. except in large. the water is about right in depth for fly should always The fishing.FLY-FISHING. These times this of season is often the best. for it follows that wherever the angler can wade. and so cover all the water (within forty or fifty feet). weed shoals. near logs. 173 will fill his creel. then. He the should cast about him in a semi-circle. and the neighborhood are rushes and usually in the spring or early summer. deep and cool lakes. quently the trout-fisher knows that during the months he will certainly find his quarry in the summer shallow streams. he casts his like the can de the arc of within reach of larger circle. a being the radii. and in autumn. . of The habits many the brook-trout have been carefully of studied conse generations fly-fishers and naturalists. bars. giving preference. slowly but surely ascending toward their spawning grounds. he when the Bass-fisher knows the will habits to the Bass stream as well. and or hollow bank. defends bravely He knows. fur thermore. the eddies of bowlders or half-submerged rocks. as the water has then become seek the right temperature to induce the fish to shaUow feeding by grounds. for in midsummer the Bass retire to deep water. and on lakes when they frequent of reefs. or rock. and fished with the current. if practicable. deepest lakes of that he would be considered or daft to whip the pools of exposed water. he being scribe at center and spokes of a wheel. shoals. the mid-surface of deep as or ponds. lengthening his cast. be waded. to the likeliest spots. there will rise be less speculation whether or not to the fiy. when patches. bars.

the flies danced over the surface by to should be roved. or a little after. a living inches below the fly. light-colored flies for dark days dark flies for bright rather The ward old rule of and and safe evening. as I have often . which usually happen take almost when the fish the feed. and under over After casting. usually be found near or among them. skittered or jerky or tremulous movements. sunny days being to one the best. drowned insect to the there is extreme length of On be lakes. along the edges of tall weeds will rushes or weed patches. to follow. any fly offered . tending to prove are well on is a the rule. being the very best time on bright On cloudy days there is not much choice. keeping the bars. permitted to sink over likely every Lakes deep ponds should be fished from on in the deeper reefs or water and or casting inshore grow boat. the flies spots at almost a should also cast. and during more early morning hours and late in the evening .174 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. about sun set. to as nearly as allowed sink several a may be. the exceptions days. or where no current." well as the Miller or and will It only remains now to say to the reader. and sometimes near or under drift. the shallow pools above and below rapids and riffles. it is well to try all such places. imitate. thus it is frequently the case that dark flies will kiU in the dusk of evening as " " " Coachman. hour is always no more favorable than another. and overhanging bushes and hollow banks. Sometimes but rushes or nevertheless the Bass in pretty deep water. fioating logs or It thc the will be found that Bass is rise to the a fly water stirred or ruffled by brisk freely when breeze. shoals. as one days. and then and he the surface float away like line. ledges.

an rush ing waters of the dam. another Down the covered stream hundred yards. kill fore putting him in your basket. flashing on the foaming waters of the falls. bridge. strike upon sight or touch. with here and there a pool in the shadow or a ripple in stretching away a mile or two across the fer tile bottom lands were fields of waving corn. last fly-fishing notice keep your out of the fish if you would have him flies. your own way. and. and all the time the sight of important rule in first. I was leisurely riding my tired mare across the ford of a narrow rocky river that wound around the foot of a thickly-wooded cliff. Always keep a taut line . 175 said before. fragrant clover. blue-grass and broad-leaved tobacco. but always delib carefully. yards whose away. and . while Up the stream a hundred mill. the lighting up the crimson of the newly-dyed sumach on fescliff. keep temper . and cast as erately quickly skillfully as you can. stood. spanned and old-time. sinking low beyond the across fields. was decrepid and the little river.FLY-FISHING. with rhythmic plashing the monotone of the tumbling. walls and old wheel moss-grown roof proclaimed went its hoary Its rumbling on its merry round. flinging bars of of flame through the the slender strips portal fleecy clouds that stretched western the steel-blue sky. A Reminiscence. casting The sun of yellow cool and dark shadows beneath below. but get and play and land your fish in him in the creel as quickly as you your safety to your tackle . above most all things. mingling its regular. in the Toward the close of a day mild September. gray. leaning over the water. do can with your fish outright be notfishfor count remember . the sun. an old stone lichen-covered age.

sublime glories of of The the the Alps . tooning with golden streamers and silver dank. white clover and golden As my in all mare drank deeply scene. the slopes olive-crowned hills all of Andalusia. there another evidence of the insincer ity of From a corner of my piU-bags I brazenly took out a . the soft Italian skies . splendors the Tropics . paled the vine-clad ofthe Riviera alike before this calm and peaceful. tied elm. I and gazed upon the lovely thought that nowhere else of the world but in this broad land ours could such a a view be found. and from its folds my drew forth a fly-rod that had been artfuUy and surrepti tiously concealed man. sleek-coated whisking their tails in calm contentment. the watching for the very thing that Bass ! leap of Silently the reins unstrapped I rode my mare to the shade a of the cliff. as the stream laved their cloven feet and their breath ex odors of haled the butter. sweet cream. heart-satis fying. green arms of the old water-wheel. All the tirae that I upon canting was a the matchless an hollowly and falsely des beauty of the stream and its was surroundings. but what was a that ? bar of oneself. to the convenient umbrella lirab of low-branching from the saddle.176 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. like artful. a group of ruminating. soul-filling. I. homelike But scene. from the refreshing stream. Beneath the bridge cows stood grateful ribbons the long. silvery sheen flashed for a moment in the sun and dropped back into the eddy behind I pretend to be yon huge gray boulder under the cliff ! pshaw ! how idle it is to attempt to deceive surprised. double-tongued occurred hypocrite.

. How guilty I felt ! I just heard the splash was no time for moralizing of another Bass ! I soon had rod and reel. and a " polka " and a " " professor were soon dancing I had the cliff. 177 buckskin bag. with sun of around I knew in my face and broken water half a dozen deep holes and sheltered eddies within would the length be completely hidden in front of me. from which I two jagged rocks that rose of Then like circles sunshine at all a my head. me. guilty thing I began casting in ever-widening the time pretending to watch the play of the on the water. a bless my soul ! it is my that- reel hum ! I must stop Then. Then I behind the " made another oast as straight as the and maple boll me. edge of all over the -water together ! stepped until from bowlder to the bowlder. just there for an instant. saw a swirl the verge of Then I behind the gray bowlder to a squirrel but me pre tended to be listening barking at from the projecting limb of a hickory. whose glossy. gray polka water bowlder. purported to book. in the shadow of and I had reached a vantage point at the foot the riffle.FLY-FISHING. or the blackbird that was drinking the stream. line and leader there but in reality was a book of flies ! What an arrant humbug I was ! But together. half as high by as my cast. to that kingfisher's drawn into its eddy they and something seemed to lift the were and then what a lively staccato rattle ! that is giving so merry as I follow the erratic But. From of a pocket of my professional I brought to the light be a prescription day what. The flies dropped just and as " over beyond the smooth. green leaves were just touched with the faintest suspicion of old gold. ostensibly. in which was a small click-reel with its line coat of enameled silk. disappeared.

serving my strained line cutting and as I look up at a crow flying overhead I see that my rod is bent. and strained and twisted. I can't help ob like mad through the water. hug my vertical rod. the blue smoke is borne away up the face while ascends of in curling the the hoot the cliff on soft evening air. filling wreaths and my pipe. coat I drop and the butt the rod and reel into my out pocket. quickly dispatching him. the and andante of the glorious songster bird and Bass of quivering I and last the air and the trio as of all the firmle. toss the foot of the hickory. the tinkle of a cow-bell and of of an owl comes from the direction the old bridge. as he begins his the sunset sonata and the my reel a castinet accompaniment now. with a hick ory nut in his paws is raining down the pieces of its hull in a green shower at again the river's side. Then Then I kept busy leading can I have leisure to look up at my squirrel. tive into the deep pool below me. Ah ! listen to the yonder of mocking-bird atop click of of beech. with the nut in his cheek.178 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. the the and there leaps the Bass ! and again 1 Then of again the singing of the reel as he dives to the depths allegro pool. then while slowly is the reeling in the poured out on line. while lifting the spent warrior in green and silver sheen. him among the ferns at displeasure of my squirrel. who. and only But now I have led the cap arm's length above my head. and bristling fins and red. . and altogether there seems as to be something unusual going out into the sunshine with I look in the water. to the great and who scolds and scampers away Then. and near the cliff. on extended jaws there leaps am a Bass ! my line away from jagged do so by holding my rod at rocks in front. flight of a dragon-fly across the stream.

? Another Bass. the shrill again blundering golden. Doctah ! ^jist mitey po'ley bress you. and as the first appears. rain what a leap ! crimson ! ! Again the cicada and buzzing rod reel He breaks the sun falls air back ! now The the is bending. surging is through the and frogs pipe down and. bless me ! here 's another up Bass ! mill-wheel with a I step ashore. The whippoorwill the cliff. gentle swish of " the " supple rod " is music sweet as each the professor and now the polka follow other. I stop at the little tumble down gate so cabin of " feel before the de fresh' Old Dave. Lor' honey.FLY-FISHING. and string them on a willow wand. The squirrel is in his cows nest. "All I do not silent star guilty in the gloaming . its perhaps ! No. kin hobble roun'. How 's Uncle Dave ? an' " Howdy. there' See that sharp rock ! how he dashed the duet again." who " cot de rheumatiz in las' spring. the bat ! Ah. de dat's ole man all. mate." " " HeUo ! Aunt Judy. The are lowing the farmer's right. 's He . The has stopped . are the mill-wheel and is hung " rubies. it must What. Egad ! no The reel and the cicada now have mistaking that tug ! it ! The line hisses through the water ! Look out for the aerial flight. now in s along the shining water. 179 the But the bathed in lated " " sun is on the edge of horizon. have been a swallow dipping The " wing. is calling from The mocking-bird at has found his gate. with professor the fall is " flame. My patient Jenny ! " nag is neighing for her master. the water tumbles over the fall lonesome sound. the be and crows caw loudly. the the and the polka dancing on saffron cicada's crimson foam to the another rise strident strains of fiddle.

'lowed to 'gin but 'less he wum no cuttin' 'bacca fer fas' Mars' Brack nex' week men's kin !" chaw! he won't cut moreen a 'bacca mitey Don't tink he's long fer ole Kaintuck. . Good ! " And -lenny and I jogged along toward the world.180 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. home. Aunt Judy nearly two the river gave Bass for you they 'U down pounds apiece. at them as and I came They 'll the make a fine breakfast for night you Uncle Dave in morning. here's two to me nice how " Come go here. under the bright stars. A gentleman fishing along. at peace with all .

the Thousand Islands of the St. in the shallower portion the river. were when Black Bass. of Such time I remember well . deer. the comparative ease with which exception- it has been my To the unversed and to witness ably large fish are killed by one of this little giant of a rod. shines out It of was below Grenadier Island. when the fit " of retrospection " is in hollow down by the flare vividly in the the bright coal fire in the grate. every rock-bound.tongue and water-lilies. fringed cove. on On that (181) lovely July I killed.CHAPTER XXII. who knows the latent virtues Long and a ago. or in the log fire in camp. before every island and boasted the a summer cottage steam-launch. that a dear friend (poor Dick ! he is dead now) and I were casting the morning minnow for Black Bass. . on. and one day that hal cyon period is marked on the calendar of memory by a pure white stone that sometimes. as fortune to in the real an amount many occasions. CASTING THE MINNOW. Thb capabilities of the minnow-casting rod are equal to most of good the possibilities of prove on bait-fishing. art of angling it is simply wonderful to see what of strain the little rod will successfully endure. an ash and lancewood. along the edges of the rushes. Lawrence possessed attractions for the lover of the beautiful and the angler to be found in almost lily- that is hard to a realize at the present day. or masca longe.

mascalonge. tarpon. eight-ounce rod. but the above salt-water tackle. a mascalonge weighing and thirty-two pounds. skill and exercise to the full his stock piscatorial finesse. many I was casting the up the same rod a minnow for Black just Bass. groupers. though. or similar rods and many pike. But. Lucie river. with the same. that weighed fully thirty-five pounds. We had been up one of the branches of the river fishing and for Black Bass. in Southern and the tackle of Florida. On this occasion. A few days wife and after Christmas. on another oc casion. I a called it thirty. ash lancewood Henshall rod. mention minnow- merely of instances to prove the power the casting Black Bass rod of eight ounces in weight and eight . was a in twenty as minutes. and gamer fish than the weighed mascalonge good alluded redfish to and. it is under the Florida that the giants palms live-oaks to of Southern angler is more likely of encounter finny and that will test the strength and endurance of his tackle. with St. between ten and twenty pounds. etc. or channel this rod tackle. as I have running from twenty to forty pounds. killed trout. I killed not weigh Bass.182 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. and I was using an eight-ounce. redfish. my (opposite I were fishing San Sebastian river Kane's cabin).. I can certainly guess within five pounds of the weight of one within these limits. above I did it. and with and ordinary and Black Bass a tackle. in twenty minutes. It heavier . in fifteen minutes I have. in in the winter of 1881. a half mile above its confluence with Indian river. killed and landed tarpon thirty-three pounds. and mentioned I hooked.

in the Northern As the past Peninsula Provinces between. half-ounce sinker. and this must be my excuse for alluding to them here. The introduction of this any may rod has this no doubt done of more than thing else to popularize style fishing. and in many waters numerous I have as well also seen it in instances made to estuary or coast fishing. but minnow-casting as not only firmly es an original and American method of ang adapted ling and that is peculiarly extensive waters. most While minnow-casting for Black Bass is the lar me popu method in vogue in the West. and in Wisconsin. to apply of of Michigan and Canada. I have seen it employed in the waters tributary to the Red river of the North.CASTING THE MINNOW. the since the a member of of Committee special " of Arrangements Reel for " of the tournaments succeeded the National Rod a and Association. the remarkable progress modes of in that best of all be remembered that Black the bait-fishing . as it has not been many years introduced into eastern waters. during five years. an to bait-fishing in our varied instance of its popularity I might add that. and we now consider as tablished. to see the favor and with which very gratifying to it has been received in the that has been it is Eastern made States. At the subsequent tournaments the casting continually events at with a . the same being 97 feet. casting programme I in having contest the of minnow for Black Bass admitted in the the tournament of 1884. when the longest cast. Mayer. 183 and a quarter feet in length. in nearly all the Florida. was made by Professor Alfred M. for it must Bass fishing north of the Poto mountains mac and east of Alleghany is of compara tively As recent Black Bass was origin.

1888. . 4 inches. A. there fifty yards . Dresel. held in cast upward of May. F. were until at the last one. and out of five casts made by Mr. and one three gentlemen who reached the extraordinary distance sinker eight cast and was of 168 feet. about nine ounces in weight.184 SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. The and rods used were about a quarter feet long. The weight of one-half ounce. three of them went beyond fifty yards. improved. the successful competitor.

the eagerness branch. artistic What finished. merged or an expectancy of osprey on his cliff! he knew every and watching his fioat with all a kingfisher on his dead " hole. and every bank-swallow's hole . STILL-FISHING.CHAPTER XXIII. how he had (185) . lay prone upon a and grassy bank. or perched upon a gnarled root. " who began on or red-eyes. and what a firm be liever in the secret. would not tarry long in one spot ." or or gudgeons. and what a fatalist as to luck. or even bull-heads of bibed his first lessons in the pin-feather virtue suckers. unwritten mysteries of the art. The boy who began fishing on a small trout stream. What boyish angler's heart does not leap when he thinks " of his " in angling ! We were all still-fishers then. " his float. though the fish watching his " " cork never so intently. im patience during his or would days of angling. fly-fisher but gladly hark back to those golden days ! What a monument of patience he was. though. a sunnies. and every snag . as he sat motionless on a or rock. he soon learned experiences that he must be But the " brim. and every kingfisher's perch. and just just how long to let it or every how deep run sub " to before his hook into the limb overhead. and." And how place " well and " rock." boy roving fisherman to fill his string. or yanking into the bush behind him ! And how well he knew every muskrat's run.

and ornithic sallies.- his enjoyment as ample of us. but a child of larger His life may have been saddened with the experience of time his hands hardened with years of toil his heart seared with the inhumanity of " of man but he " still retains seated at the innocence and freshness his youth when the waterside with the peeled sapling in his stiffened hands . is alas ! we can never go on and back never return and ! Our is course ever on. and respect. reptilian zest assaults would rest him . his anticipations as as pin-hook easily satisfied. ever widening much and growing of down. and through the gaps in the trees. down deeper. or kingfisher. and with what on consumraate and and enduring faith he waiting and would spit his hook. a rock on and the butt these of his and start in quest of it . golden days of youth ! how very far we have traveled down the stream since then ! We may look back. indeed. and with what renewed would repair to his fishing. but. if not down There is a juvenility. his expectations and as great. over the low hills catch a sparkle of the stream behind above us and and . until ! great the stream it will soon be lost in the I have right great gulf the unknown sympathy. frog showed itself. and how he his mammalian forays. how he would lay " pole. sunny. or old utterly lost to the blase casting. childish faith in his methods that are totally unknown.186 an eye SUPPLEMENT TO THB BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. resume watching ! How far Oh ! bright. and a envy for the still-fisher. or unlucky muskrat. and-turtle. He is. stirred within ten rods of him ! And or when an and bull-frog or that turtle." snake. for every water-snake. days of the best growth. or minnow- His tastes in the are as simple. hand at fiy-fishing.

fish-pole is de strettes' an' He's de beat- De bestes' slimmes' ellum saplin' you an' kin fine. wadin' wat an' beats me. case you yank 'em it. or interrupted a by the pulling out of a fish the re-baiting hook " : yo' Yas. Percy Lee." time to tink 'bout " quick dey ain't got Yes. He jis' goes o' a- in de water he'll done cotch his deff rheuma an' tiz one ob dese days a-whippin' a-flippin' his fiddle-string holt. peeled in de shade. Dick wind 'em up agin. an' an' twis' an' an' de Bass pull de line agin. for 'stravagance I eber see. An haired old negro house-servant and a bright-eyed. All de fish in de Elkhorn enes' wouldn't man " 'gin to pay intrust on 'em. line wid little teenty fedder-flies." so "No. ben' an' de Bass an' cotch run off wid de line out Mars' de little pole. cos' an' put de lin' cabin chimbly to up in de lof de Bass chan'1-cat nex' an' won't know wedder it two cents or out so de price ob a year- mule. jump out to see wat . side flaxenmill- boy of eight summers sat side by under a dam. dats' papa don't like to yank 'em out quickly. it's jist wasteful 'stravagance fer papa to silver reel buy sich lavish. all cut in de An' fall in de lite ' ob de moon. honey.STILL FISHING. The old man was engaged was an eager in earnest conver save when of sation. but Uncle an' Enoch. fishing. shiny fish-poles an' con- trapshuns dat run riot wid his money. 187 its moist whispering in his ears breath stealing through his grizzled locks and its rippling smile flashing on his tired eyes ! the voice of the stream A Retrospection. wintah. an' his little shiny switch. to which the lad listener.

an' she goes trapesin 'long wid de baskit she'U ketch . cudn't You see. was a papa went de sogers. kiss you. chan'l an' cats we to ! aft-a-wile quiled he growed up den he "An' marri'd Alice. Uncle " Enoch. to happen nex'. an' jis' like yo'self. away to fite an' den de an' yo' wah cum on. yo' dat his fishin'. wud a-fishin' an' me. de wah.dis same place wid laws-o'marcy use' wat gorms snek out Mis' Bass. "An' Mars' now Dick drags de sho' Mis' Alice wid an' him. papa cum Den home o' highfalutin Mars' noshuns wid him. to see she was so chicken-hearted she an' bar An' de a-floppin' red-eyes new-lites on de hook.188 gwine o' SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. honey. kep' But an' Mis' Alice yo' nebber papa an' jis' tellin' me a how he use' to wat root larn to fish . cud Liza Jane brung she was a she'd tin' de baby. an' hug you up. Mars' wen Dick an' was a little lara'. me. aftah she des was too to larn. But an' new-lites'." Yas. yo' how I kech 'em. when Alice to cum heah wid use' teenty little baby wid Mis' . no matter how offen I 'splained to her how Mars' Dick tender- to ketch minded " an' 'em. an' wat sot on wud ole say. An' de cura an' brung a lot a nex' summah an' Yankee Kurnel from showed 'way up Norf a-visitin' he Dick how to fish an' wid switch poles fedder- flies." But papa says he used to fish with cane poles and min nows. fish when he wud little boy. den to begin all ober agin. Percy Lee. he use' to sot o' in an' . an' dey hav' mo' fun dan a bag full monkeys at " de circus. an' des go whar dat to sycamo' whar you set- now roll he use' fish. de big you tear-drops a wud an' down her an' pink cheeks an' she wud run grab and ebery time I dat was de baby want me cotch'd fish. an' he do .

crawl-debbils she nebber cries now when de Bass snaps 'em. to talk an' he tell when jis' Mis' Alice 'bout was a de fish lam' like I use' to him spoon he little 'fo' like yo' ownself . craw-fish. is too wise in dis fat o' He wants a soft craw. fresh libber. or Gib hira vict'ry got a good or gib him deff. no." . papa jis' den him smokes Mis' Alice an' sot look it. dey as foolish Mars' as dey now was marri'd. an' she nebber did cotton wums. time dun mess pan-fish.STILL FISHING. less fo' be gwine Mistah Crow dun lite out his roost long ago. we chan'l-cat 'em . Cum. 189 an' her deff ' day. honey. bravo. But. an' !' "An' wen roun' de Bass is tucker'd Mars' out on Dick shuv a little net under an' him. Mistah fer dat. claps her ban's sez : Good boy . Mis' "An' Alice an' she meks de fedder flies fer to an' Dick. honey. yo' his pipe. an' raps an' him an' de hed. dar an' totes him at ashore au' . home . Dick sum an' o' dampness she watches an' laffs. he can't fool de chan'l-cat wid generation ob vipers a piece of " my young inarstah. you heah me him sling dem fedder-flies.

They would to have resented warmly any imputation that they were other (190) . and yet they or at were perpetrated themselves anglers. no excuse or that say that the Bass were there to be the parties knew no better. At that time Gogebic lake count of which and tape worm. and Nine-tenths trolling-spoon were were caught with the hand-line the mark by anglers Heaven. enough to fill guides at I saw two piles barrels. and the ease with there I witnessed scenes heard of acts should bring (that may serve to point a moral) that the blush of shame to the cheek of the most hardened . While Black Bass. vying number.CHAPTER XXIY. TROLLING. the mascalonge of Eagle waters. Three and or four years ago I was attracted to Gogebic lake and Eagle waters " in Northern Wisconsin to investigate thc " so-called razor-back Black Bass of Gogebic. and the was somewhat famous on ac its great numbers of they could be caught. save ! to who with each other as who should fishing bring for count. of calling for there is a dif by men ference in degree giance as well as " in kind those claiming large them alle to the " gentle art. I found the former to be with only smaU-mouthed Bass infected latter to be a true mascalonge. or in the greatest It is caught. arrival several On the first evening of my of Black Bass. least fisherraen. burnt of by the the edge of the lake.

for I of but I do hold that the is murder. killing the meanest creature mal At the or same with time. and and brag a gentlemen of to cap several can not the his truculence he boasted shooting that of innocent porcupines. bird fish hands with . or as my feUows. and we started in to 'em out ! And these young sponded " had probably time to the commandment. not not pose as a saint. or a or as being any better than wanton Christian. " Thou shalt men upon and not again kill. 191 than of humane. I example. "Well. a the help of his boatmen. I clean can kill any and ani a mammal. we shot nearly fifty in a week near our camp . and ' took in out of the would wet a hundred and twentyall of ' have had " more but I lost three or my spoons. it before with liundred Bass insolence to climax of with the spoon. but of who slaughtering over had the effrontery . who with had been camping down the lake for chimed in a several a week.TROLLING. I will give a veranda and scrap that conversation that I overheard on the hotel evening. clumsy only its quills animal way. five kies old man. and whose means defense is that a to hump up its back and erect . and incline our hearts to keep an am this law. what luck to-day? Bully ! I Bass. or they of gnawed the axe-handle and chewed clean up a pair " two boots. have mercy do us." Now. get out of one's harmless. companions " young man. the conscientious sportsmen." re with Lord. an animal sportsman never "Pshaw!" thinks of molesting. reader can then judge for himself " draw his " own conclusions. Then I went ashore and shot four por- my pistol ! Now here was a bloody-minded butcher with with who was not con tent.

be deemed and by the force bad example and it is for their benefit that I have out of written what might otherwise place. lying to their Then there does still were grouse and deer killed out of season in mUk. when done in a sportsmanlike manner. here. things thoughtlessly. assure the reader above is a mild sample of of scrap of conversation what I actually heard that even more added given even Some boasted killing Bass than the in dividual mentioned. and I can utilize the sarae. where of such as one is or to meet at raen any sumraer under hotel the fishing sport shooting . . these tenders to the apt they name of angler or sportsman. conscience. are a for whom there is no hope But there few new hands of who do these . there is mere pre but enough.192 clear when SUPPLEMENT TO THE BOOK OF THE BLACK BASS. that the I ing. and grouse-hens with men were what half-grown broods seemed. dulge their thirst for blood and confirraed of who guise innocent . in set and and murder men who are in their ways. but I believe they other accomplishments. improvement or reform.

was cluded. through (193) . I and made a " bob. pole. of We did to of not wish a to cut into the venison. Happening piece of a to have a fish-hook in my pocket. with some other viand. as we intended give said it to "cracker" family with near our " camp. and had located several We con more.CHAPTER XXV. up a when in Florida. fires kindled order by the Indians burn into the in to make a fresh " burn for the deer to feed The well river expanded just above quite a shallow lake. grown with lily-pads. my The crimson paddling the sun was at edge of I manipulating the bob. the atraosphere being to " smoky from old grass on. SKITTERING AND BOBBING." the deer's tail." the and We had only the liver it the deer for supper. Then. Once. so as to be on the daylight in the morning. the horizon. a huge ball soraewhat off of fire. to ground buUd at a fire and sleep tree. slender and tying and the bob to end With piece of strong twine comrade some three feet long. concluded to wishing to vary for a Black Bass try cut off a in the river. with the strong probability another deer or several turkeys. two of us had gone several miles river one day for deer and turkeys. instead of returning down the under a river to camp. and also had found a turkey-roost near by. bonnets and saw-grass. into the boat. the we got cutting a long. When the sun nearly down we had one deer. the head household of being down shakes.

194
which

SUPPLEMENT

TO

THE

BOOK

OF

THE

BLACK

BASS.

meandered

several

channels of open

water.

As

we

approached

the

lake,
filled

toward
with

the sun, it

seemed

that these
occasional

channels

were of a

liquid

fire,
in
to

and a

the
small

leaping
served

mullet,

or

dropping
and

of

alligator,
and

to heighten this effect,

simulate

sparks as
a

flames.
over sea.

The

pure

white

wings

of

the

egret,

it flitted
rubescent

the water,

seemed

like

miniature sails on

As my Companion noiselessly paddled the boat along the fringe of rank grasses and luxuriant aquatic vegetation, I

danced the bob along
and now

and over
water

the water,

now

low,

now
and

high

dipping

in the
an
a

skimming,
as

leaping

fly
a

ing

till it

seemed

cervine

ignis-fatuus,
rose

uncanny thing, hirsute will-o'-the-wisp.

indeed it was,
until

Several Bass
active

to

it,

and swirled at

it,

one

more

than the

rest grabbed

it

by

a vicious

lunge,
the

and

the

hook
but

was

firmly
to

implanted in his jaw.

It

was

work of

a minute

land him in the
we repaired

boat,
to

and

he

was soon

joined
was pal

by

another,

when a

our camp-fire which
on

now

throwing

cheerful, ruddy light
of

the

pines and

mettoes.

This

was one

the

occasions

when

the

" bob,"

or

the

the trolling-spoon may be legitimately skittering-spoon, used ; for we not only took great pleasure in the novelty of
or

the sport, but

we

enjoyed

a

rich

repast

that

night

after

roasting the Bass in their scales in the hot ashes, broiling the deer's liver on a split stick, grilling a few crackers of

hard-tack,
enough

and

for

a cold

making a cup of hot, strong coffee leaving breakfast at daylight in the morning.

CHAPTER XXVI.
CONCLUDING REMARKS.

If

this book should be the

means of

making
or of

a single

day

happier
crooked

in

the

life

of

any angler,

making

some

things

straight

to the young

life be

of

one

Bass that

might

saving the have been otherwise killed by
or of

hand,

illegitimate
glad

means or sacrificed
written

that it is

and not

for any

personal

to unworthy motives, I shall for these considerations alone, ; profit or aggrandizement has it

been

penned.

And though there have been rods, and reels, and lines, and other articles of tackle named for me by enthusiastic friends
and

admirers, the honor

recompense,

for

I

assure

the

reader

itself has been my only that I have never re

ceived, ward for any

and

would scorn

to accept, any

pecuniary fee
or

or re

thing

devised

by

myself,

made

prominent

by my efforts, for Black Bass fishing. My sole aim and intention has been to
Bass
as a

elevate

the Black

game-fish,

and
and

to

provide

suitable
a more

tackle

for its
and

pursuit and

capture,

to inculcate

healthful

humane

gentlemanly spirit among If I have succeeded, in the slightest degree, my work has " like virtue, a reward proved, as Walton said of angling,
to
itself."

and

anglers.

It is
now

with a saddened

heart,

and an

feel

that it is the

finish the concluding last that

chapter of will ever

unwilling pen, that I this supplement, for I
added

be

to this book.

(195)

196

SUPPLEMENT

TO

THE

BOOK

OF THE BLACK BASS.

There is

not much

likelihood

of

there

for adding any thing more to its pages it is not at all likely that any one will to it after I am gone.

being any occasion during my life, and
ever add

any thing

I feel like
pool

one who
will see

that he

is making his last cast on a favorite A pool that is en no more forever.
associations.

deared to him

by

the fondest
smile
and whose

A

pool

whose

every ripple is a look of gladness
current seems
"

every changing
and whose

mood

is

a

delight

steadily

flowing

to beckon him to follow to
country, from whose bourn

The

undiscovered

No traveler

returns."

THB

END.

IISTDEX
-TO-

SCIENTIFIC HISTORY OF THE BLACK BASS.

American Fishes in Linnsean Col

Geographical variation, 29.

lection, 12. Arkansas, Black Bass of, 29. Bean, T. H., 12.
Black Bass Black Bass Black Bass, Linne's specimens, 13. of Arkansas, 29.
of of of

Grystes,

15.

Grystes salmoides, 22. Grystes salmonides, 15.

Huro,

15.

Black Bass

Blaek Bass Black Bass Black Bass Black

of of

Florida, 24, 29. Illinois, 24, 27. Mexico, 25. Mississippi, l!4, 26, Texas, 24, 27, 29.
11.
specimens, 13

Huro nigricans, 16. Illinois, Black Ba.ss of, 24, 27. .Jordan, D. S., 14, 20.

Labraces,

16.

Labrus, 13. Lacepede, 11, 12.
Lacepede's type specimens, 13. Le Sueur's specimens, 14.

Bass, Scientific History,

Black Bass, Type Bosc, M., 11.

Linnseus, 11, 12.
Linne's specimens, 13. Longworth, N., 14.

Calliurus, 16. Cope, Edw. D.,

29.

Florida, Black Bass of, 24, 29, Garden, Alexander, 11, 12.
Garden's specimens, 11. General and special features, 29.

Mexico, Black Bass Mieropterus, 15, 16,

of, 25.

17.

Mieropterus dolomiei, 18, 20, 21. Mieropterus dolomieu, 11, 13, 16,

Generic

characterizations,

15.

Orysles Gtintlier, 15. Huro Gtinther, 15. Mieropterus Cope, 16. Mieropterus Gill, 17. Mieropterus Jordan, 16.

17, 18, 19,20,21, 22, 24, 2.5, 26, 27, 28. Mieropterus dolomieu, Lac, syn.
onomy of, 17. Mieropterus floridanus, 24.

Genus Mieropterus, 15.

Mieropterus nigricans, 19, 24.

(197)

of Black Bass. 15. Mieropterus sal'moides Bean. Mieropterus nigricans Mieropterus florida'nus Mississippi. Black Bass of. 29. 13. 26. 27. Jordan. Specific descriptions of M. dolomieu. 21. Mieropterus dolomiei Goode. 24. Mieropterus dolomieu Jordan & Gil bert. 26. 24. (Lac. Cope. dolo Synonomy of M. 20. 20. 27. 24. Nelson. Special features. Specimens. 19. 26. 17. 24. Type specimens. Mieropterus dolomieu Jordan & Ever mann. Hay. Oswego Bass. Synonomy of Mieropterus. 16. 15. 22. Mieropterus pallidus Cope. Blaek Bass Morphology. salmol Henshall. 24. 17. LacepSde's. 13. 24. Texas. Specimens. Le Sueur's. 25. 13. . Specimens. 11. Mieropterus salmoides Gill. salmoides (Lao ) Mieropterus dolomieu Jordan. 23. 26. Specimens. Henshall. 15. 21. 26. Mieropterus 27. 26. 25. Micropter'us dolomiei Bean. 19. 20. 13. salmoides Nelson. 27. Milbert's. Mieropterus salmoides Forbes. Synonomy of M.198 INDEX TO SCIENTIFIC HISTORY. Type. synonomy of. Micropter'us dolomieu Gill. Lac.) Henshall. 22. 24. Cope. 14. 24. 27. 24. Mioplosus. Mieropterus. Mieropterus salmonides. 25. 15. Micropter'us pallidus Hay. Micropter'us salmoides bert. mieu.) Henshall. Murie. 29.) Specific descriptions des of M. 13. 13. 19. synonomy of. Goode. salmoides (Lac. Scientific History of.21. Mieropterus pallidus. 27. Lac. 19. Linne's. 21. 25. Mieropterus dolomiei Forbes. 22. 27. Wm. Milbert's specimens. Nomenclature. ) Gill. Jordan & Ever Jordan & Gil Specimens. Mieropterus salmoides Mieropterus salmoides Mieropterus salmoides Mieropterus salmoides mann. 22. Mieropterus salmoides (Lac. 19. 21. salmoides Mieropterus dolomieu Mieropterus Mieropterus Mather. 12. Mieropterus salmoides (Lac.. 11. 20.

Blaek Bass fishing. Brook 167. game-fish. 169. pleasures of. Baits. 47. optics Bass. coloration. 171. 175. 145. Black Bass. Bethabara Henshall rod. sermon on. 128. eggs of. Books. 160. 46 Black Bass Black not piscivorous. 47. literature of. A reminiscence. 48. Texas. Artificial mouse. artificial. Box. 159. 29. 45. 127. Adjustable Air-bladder fly-spoon. fishing. 119. fishing. rules for. flies. of. 167. Black Bass. 139. Black Bass. A retrospection. Baits. 41. 60. 138. Boat. 153. genuine. Black Bass ponds. Black Bass 169. voracity of. Blaek fishes. Black Bass in confined waters. stoeking waters with. natural. 149. teeth of. Black Bass butchers. of 127. lines for. Black Bass in brackish water. 165. 101. 108. 48. 44. Blaek Bass for stoeking waters. 103. American silk-worm. 41. 47. Blaek Bass. nests on. 185. Black Bass Blaok Bass as a as a food-fish. 193. Angling. canvas. 174. Artificial Artificial Blaek Bass Black Bass Florida. 159 Angler's pliers. Boats. Bobbing in Florida. 125. 129. Black Bass. Brook trout. against. Angler. 162. Artificial minnows. 175. objections of of of Black Bass Arkansas. habitat of. 79. 146. 48. 45. 39. 57. tackle. 131. leader. 187. 105. Biting of fish. Bait-fishing. Buckets. Angler. (199) . Arnold's ure. Advice to tyro. Braided lines. 29. minnow. 50. heaps. food of. philosophy of. Black Bass. trout. Black Bass. 167. 53. Books. Angling. flies. distribution. 45. fly. Brush extinction of. the true.INDEX TO LIFE HISTORY AND ANGLING. 48. Angling of boyhood. habits of. experience in Bass-cult Bass. 191. Angling.

200

INDEX

TO

LIFE

HISTORY.

Burning

Black

Bass, 190.

Disgorger, Shipley's, 143.
Distribution,
181.
geographical,

line, 102. Canvas boat, 153.
Cable-laid

41.

Dowel-mortise

Capabilities
"Capelin''

of

Henshall rod,

phantom, 127.

Drag Drawing
"

joint, 75. in reels, 88.
silk-worm
"

gut, 106.

Casting Casting

the

fly,

173.

Dubuque
ness, 33.

on comparative game

the minnow, 181.
of

Cause of decrease trout, 166. Cecropia silk-worm, 107. Cells, pigment, 40. Change
of

Eagle Waters, 190. Ear of fishes, 59.
"

E.

F."

on

comparative

game

coloration,
of

40.

ness,

37.
American silk-worm, 108.

Character

waters,

43.

Eggs Eggs Eggs

of of

Chinese silk-worra, 105. Chubs, 129.

Blaek

Bass, 48.
silk-worm, 107.

of cecropia

Clarke,

S.

C,
34.

on

comparative

Enameled

gameness,

Click in reels, 88. Click reels, 91.

line, 101. England, Black Bass in, 63. England, angling novelties in, 115.
"
Eureka"

fishing-boat,
with with

151.

Climatic influences, 43. Coloration of Black Bass, 39.
Coloration
of sea

Experience

rod-joints, 76.

Experiments

leaders, 108.
-

trout, 39.
qualities, 29.

Extinction 184.

of

brook trout, 165.
minnow

Color

of

leaders, 1 10.
of game

Extraordinary

casting,

Comparison

Concluding

remarks, 195.

Conditions governing biting, 162. Construction of fly-rods, 83. Construction Construction
of of

Eyed hooks, 114. Feeding of fish, 163.

Henshall rod, 71.

leaders. 111.

Cross-bars,

90.

Cylindrical

ferrules, 77.
on comparative game

Ferrules, 77. Fish, biting of, 162. Fishes, air-bladder of, 60. Fishes, ear of, 59. Fishes, feeding of, 163.
Fish-hooks. 114.

"Cyrtonyx"

ness,

.35.

Decrease

of

brook
of of

trout, 166.

Dimensions Discomforts

HenshaU rod, 71. trout

fishing, 168.

Disgorgers, 143.
Disgorger, Foard's, 143.

Disgorger, Mills', 143.

Fishing boats, 149. Fishing boat, Fishing boat, Osgood's, Fishing for count. 159. Fishing, fly, 171. Fishing lines, 101. Fishing reels, 88.
"

Eureka,"

151.

153,

INDEX TO

LIFE

HISTORY.

201

Fishing Fishing

rods, 69.
rods, steel,

Food 86.
Food Food

of

Blaek

Bass, 45. Bass, 51, Bass, 52.
a,

of

large-mouthed

Flies, artificial, 119. Flies, general, 121. Flies, Henshall's, 121. Flies, killing, 119. Flies, table of, 120. Floating minnow-bucket, 145. Florida Black Bass, 53. Florida, bobbing in, 193. Florida, large Bass of, 63.
Floridian waters, 44. Fluttering fly, 122.

of small-moulhed on

Forbes

food, 45, 51.
Black Bass
as

Game

fish,

47,

165.

Game qualities, 30.

Gangs,

should not

General

and special

be used, 126. features, 29.

Geographical

distribution, 41.

Geographical variation, 29. Germany, Blaek Bass in, 63.

Gogebic lake, 190. Golden Dustman fly, 122.

Fly-books, 131. 131. Fly-book, Fly-book, Chubb's, 135. Fly-book, Conroy's, 133. 137. Fly-book, 137. Fly-book, Fly-book, Shipley's, 133. Fly-easting on lakes, 174. Fly-fishing, 171. Fly-fishing, lines for, 103. Fly-fishing, practical hints, 172. Fly-fishing, time for, 174. Fly, fluttering, 122. Fly, Golden Dustman, 122. Fly, Mayer's, 122.
" Bray,"
"Endicott,"

Grip

of

Growth

Henshall rod, 72. of Black Bass, 51.

"

Levison,"

Gut, drawing of, 106. Gut, silk-worm, 105. Habitat of Black Bass, 41. Habits of Black Bass, 48. Habits of brook trout, 173.
Hammered spoons, 126. Handle of Henshall rod, 73.

Hatching

of

Black

Bass, 48.

Hearing, 58.

Heavy large-mouthed Bass, 53. Heavy small-mouthed Bass, 52. Henshall fly-rod, 85.
Heftshall rod, grip of, 72. Henshall rod, standard, 71. Henshall's flies, 121.
Henshall-Van

Fly-rods, 83. Fly-rod, Chubb's, 82. Fly-rod, construction of, 83. Fly-rod, Henshall, 85. Fly-rod, Orvis', 82. Fly-rod, Shipley's, 82. Fly-rod, specifications for, 85, Fly-spoon, adjustable, 127.
Food
and

Antwerp

reel, 95.

Hibernation, 54. Holder for rod, 147.

Hooks, 114.
Hook
and

tackle

book, 138.

growth, 51.
as, 47.

Hook extractors, 143. Hooks, eyed, 114.

Food fish, Blaok Bass

Hooks, numbering

of, 115.

202

INDEX

TO

LIFE

HISTORY.

Mascalonge'

Hooks, snelling of, 116. Hooks, tying, 116. Implements, miscellaneous, 131.

on

Henshall rod, 182, gameaess,

Mather

on comparative

31.
Metal-center

Intelligetiee,

56.

line, 103.

Invisible knot, 117. Ira Wood on comparative
ness, 33.

Metal reel-seats, 90.
game

Joint, dowel-mortise, 75.

Joint,

non-dowel, 74.

Kentucky reel, 89. Killing flies, 1 19.
"Kingfisher"

on

comparative

gameness, 32.

Knot, invisible,
"Lambert"

1 17.

on comparative game

Minnow-buckets, 145. 145. Minnow-bucket, Minnow-bucket, Rudolph's, 145, Minnow-bucket, Shipley's, 145. Minnow-casting, 183. Minnow-casting lines, 101. Minnow, casting the, 181. Minnow-pocket, 146. Minnow-rod, capabilities of, 181. Minnows, 129.
"Acme,"

ness, 36.

Minnows,

artificial, 127.

Lancewood Henshall rod, Landing-nets, 141.

78,

81.

Miscellaneous implements, 131. Mouse, artificial, 128.

Landing-net, Bailey's, 141. 141. Landing-net, "Dorsal Landing-net, Orvis', 141. Leaders, 108. Leader-boxes, 139. Leaders, color of, 108. Leaders, construction of, 111. Leaders, experiments with, 108. Leaders, testing, 112.
Fin"

Mouse,

trout rising

to, 128.

Multiplying

reels, 95.

Murderous sportsmen, 192. Natural baits, 129. Negro philosophy, 187. Nests on brush-heaps, 50.

Netherlands, Black Bass in, 64. New England a zoological island,
42.
Non-dowel joint, 74.

Length

of

snells, 112.

Lines, Lines, Lines, Lines, Lines, Lines,
171.

bait, 101. fishing, 101. fly, 103. Hall Company's, 101.
metal-center, 103.

Numbering fish-hooks,
Objections
"Opinicon
ness, 32.
against
'

115.

Black Bass, 45.

on comparative game.

Optics Organ

of
of

angling, 57.

waterproof, 102. Literature of Black Bass

hearing, 60.

fishing,

Original habitat, 43. Pearl spoon, 127.

Loojjs

of

leaders, 111.
spawning, 49.

Philosophy

of

Angling, 159.

Manner

of

Pigment cells, 40.

INDEX

TO

LIFE HISTORY.

203

Platysamia cecropia, 107.

Bass-fi-shing, 169. Pliers, angler's. 146. Ponds for Blaek Bass, 48.
Pleasures
of

Portable

boats, 153.
on

Pot-fishers, 159.

Rod, Henshall, Chubb's, 78. Rod, Henshall, Leonard's, 81. Rod, Henshall, Orvis', 78. Rod, HenshaU, Shipley's, 79. Rod, Henshall, Spalding's, 79. Rod, Henshall, standard, 71.
Rod holder, 147.

fly-fishing, 172. Predominating colors of flies, 120.
Preservation Propagation
of of

Practical hints

Rods, fishing, 69.

trout streams, 107.

Qualities,
Redfish

Blaek Bass, 48. game, 30.

Rods, fly, 83. Rods, improvements in,
steel, 86. Rules fur flies, 174.
of

69.

Rods

Razor-back Black Bass, 190. on Henshall rod, 182.

Salmon

fishing,
Roe"

vicissitudesof,168.
on

Reels, 88.
Reels, click, 91.

"Salmon

comparative

Reels, multiplying, 95. Reel, Chubb's click, 91. Reel-groove, 90. Reel, Henshall-Van Antwerp, 95. 98. Reel, 99. Reel, Reel, Kentucky, 89. Reel-line, bait, 101. Reel-line, fly, 103. automatic click, 93. Reel, Reel-plates, 90.
"
Imbrie,"

gameness, 34. Salt water, Black Bass

in, 44,

Scotland,
Sense Sense
of of

Blaek Bass in, 65, hearing, 58.
sight, 56.

Sermon

on

angling, 160.

"

Imperial,"

Shiners, 129. Shoes,
Sight
wading, 148.

Mills'

fishes, 56. Silk-worm, American, 105, 107. Silk-worm, Chinese, 105.
of

Silk-worm gut, 105.

Reel-seats, 90. Reel, Silver Reel, Snyder's, 97.
"

Skittering
98.

and

King,"

Small-mouthed

bobbing, 193. Bass, food of, 52.
116.

Snelling hooks,
112.

Remarks, concluding, 195. Reminiscence, a, 175. Retrospection, a, 187. Rising to the fly, 172. Rivers in Florida, 44. on comparative game Rob Roy
'

Snells, SneUs, length of, 112. Snoods, 112. Spawning, manner of, 49.
Special senses, 56. Specifications for fly-rod, 85. Specifications for Henshall rod, 71.
rod,

"

ness, 36.

Rod, Henshall, Abbey & Imbrie's, Split-bamboo Henshall 81. 70, 81.

78, 79,

use of Henshall rod. inland waters. Time for fly-fishing. Spoon. Trout rising to mouse. Testing leaders. legitimate 125. 174. 120. 108. 190. stocking. Waters. Stoeking Stocking 47. ties. fishing. on 173. waters with Ba. tackle. 183. 71. decrease of. 138. Trolling spoons. hammered. Tackle-book. on game quali Tarpon Henshall 182. 126. 166. 102. 62 Triple books an abomination. Tools and Wading-shoes. many forms of hook Stni-fishing. single for. Telea polyphemus. Trolling. discomforts of. . Standard Henshall rod. 185. 148. of Transportation Black Bass. Wading the stream. Von dem Borne Teeth of Black Bass. 1 1 2. 116. 127. 126. 62. New England 42. use of. Universal rod. of on Tying hooks. Trolling 126. trolling. 86. 126.ss. 30. Spoons. Steel fishing rods. Table flies. Trolling 125. 169.204 INDEX TO LIFE HISTORY. 67. Waterproof lines. pearl. Black spoons. a. waters with brook trout. 168. True angler. Trout Stoeking 167. 62. 167. Spoons. 128. spoons. Trout streams. Zoological island.

.

.

.

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