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Ejemplo

Seccin rectangular
bw = 20 cm - h = 50 cm - d = 45 cm
fc = 250 kg/cm2 - fy = 4200 kg/cm2
As=422 , As=0

As
d

As

Previo al Agrietamiento

Ec = 15100 f ' c = 238752

dc

[kg / cm ]
2

bw

Es
n=
= 8.80
Ec
h

Aeq = (n 1) As + bh = 1118.5

[cm ]
2

y
d
(n-1)As
dc

b h2
y=

+ (n 1) As d
Aeq

= 27.1

[cm]

Seccin Transformada
no Agrietada3

Ejemplo
f r I gt
Mcr =
yt

d
(n-1)As

[cm]

yt = h y = 50 27.1 = 22.9

dc
b

2
1
3
h
I gt = b h + (b h) y + (n 1) As (d y )2 = 250723 cm[4]
2
12

f r = 2 f 'c = 2 (250) = 31.6


Mcr = 3.47

[kg / cm ]
2

K e = Ec I gt = 6.0 1010

[T m]

[kg cm ]
2

Geometra
b

cm

cm

cm

mm

20

45

50

22.0

No
4.0

As
cm

15.2

A eq
cm

1118.5

Ig
cm

y
4

208333

yt

I gt

M cr
4

cm

cm

cm

27.1

22.9

250723

T-m
3.47

cr
1/cm

Kc
Kg-cm 2

5.8E-06 6.0E+10

Ejemplo

As

Seccin Agrietada Rango Elstico

n As
kd =
b

2d b
1 = 18.74
1+
n As

Para M = 8.0

[T m]

kd

M = As f s d
3

h d

[cm]

As
dc
bw

fs =

= 1358

kd

As d
3

f kd
fc = s
= 110 2
n d kd

[kg / cm ]
2

[kg / cm ]
2

Ejemplo
T = As f s = 20.64

[T ]

C = 21 b kd f cm = 20.64

As

h d
As

[T ]

dc
bw

fs
s =
= 0.0006
Es
c
=
= 2.46 10 5
kd

kd
s = 0.0005
c =
d kd
1
cm

Ejemplo

As

Solucin para otros valores del Momento


h d

Primer caso, M ligeramente superior a Mcr


curvatura es bastante mayor que cr

As
dc

Ultimo caso, fc = 0.5fc lmite del rango elstico

bw

kd

M serv

fs

fc

cm

T-m/m

kg/cm 2

kg/cm 2

18.74

3.62

614.3

49.8

9.34

9.34

0.0003

0.0002

1.1E-05

18.74

5.00

848.5

68.8

12.90

12.90

0.0004

0.0003

1.5E-05

18.74

8.00

1357.6

110.2

20.64

20.64

0.0006

0.0005

2.5E-05

18.74

9.08

1540.9

125.0

23.43

23.43

0.0007

0.0005

2.8E-05

K e cr =

1/cm

(9.08 3.62) 100000 = 3.2 1010


M
=

2.8 10 5 1.1 10 5

[kg cm ]
2

Ejemplo

Mto. - Curvatura

10
9

Momento-Curvatural

Momento TT-m

fc = 250 kg/cm2 - fy = 4200 kg/cm2

5
4

Mcr

50 45

4 22
5

2
20

1
0
0.00E+00

Curvatura 1/cm

cr
5.00E-06

1.00E-05

1.50E-05

2.00E-05

2.50E-05

3.00E-05
8

Ejemplo

As

Estado ltimo - Distribucin equivalente


h d
As

dc
bw

kg
f c = 250 2
cm
k1 = 0.80

k2 = 0.45

k 3 = 0.95

Ejemplo

As

Estado ltimo - Distribucin equivalente


h d

k1 = 0.80

k2 = 0.45

k 3 = 0.95
As
dc

c=

As f y
k1 k 3 f c b

= 16.8

[cm]

bw

M n = As f s (d k2 c ) = 23.9

[T m]

c 0.003
u =
= 1.8 10 4
=
c
16.8

1
cm

10

Ejemplo
Relacin M -
30.0

25.0

Momento [T
[T-m]

Mn
20.0

= 1.67%
'/

15.0

10.0

5.0

s=5.0 c=3.0

0.00

s=7.4 c=3.0

0.25

s=1.0 % c=3.0

0.50

s=1.4 % c=3.0

1.00

0.0
0.0E+00 5.0E-05 1.0E-04 1.5E-04 2.0E-04 2.5E-04 3.0E-04 3.5E-04 4.0E-04 4.5E-04
11
Curvatura [1/cm]