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Total Air Pollution Control Company Profile

Australasian Agent for

Australasias Leading Supplier of Upgrades, New Units and Replacement Parts/Services for Industrial APC Equipment

Evaporative Gas Conditioning

Fabric Filter Collectors (Baghouses)

Electrostatic Precipitators
Australasian Agent for

Customer Base
Mostly Heavy Industrial with some Light industrial. Our main customers are in the following industries:
Coal Fired Power Stations Cement and Lime Paper Mills Steel Metallurgical (Nickel, Zinc, Lead, Gold, Copper, Aluminium) Alumina

Australasian Agent for

Innovative Products from GE


Solutions for all OEM styles
PulsePleat

Filter bags and cages Fine filtration products Baghouse accessories Acoustic horns Emissions monitors Electrical controls & software ESP mechanical parts Evaporative gas conditioning systems
SQ-300
Australasian Agent for

BHA-TEX

Powerwave

CPM

Latest innovations
RDE
Rigid Discharge Electrodes

STS

Tubular Filters

Juice Can
High Temp Elements

ThermoPleat

ESP Power Maximiser


Australasian Agent for

End user focused services


Troubleshooting Expertise
Responsive to customer problems Inspections and Installations

Engineering / CAD
New Units, Upgrades, Rebuilds (Baghouse, ESP, EGC)

Training Seminars
After sales service

Australasian Agent for

ESP Rebuilds + New Units


Experience across all
industries

All makes and types of ESP Proven value adding designs

BHP Billiton Olympic Dam Acid Mist ESP BlueScope Steel, Port Kembla Holcim, Visy Paper, Westport NSW NZ Nickel West ESP rebuild Lurgi ESP Australasian Agent for FLS precipitator
SF ESP rebuild

Bagfilter Rebuilds + New Units


Experience across all
industries

All makes and types of bagfilter Technical edge over our opposition
due to GE products

BCSC Berrima BlueScope Steel Coal MillFurnace Bagfilter Australasian Agent for No.5 Blast Stockhouse Bagfilter

TAPC Headquarters
Regional office Singapore Regional office Philippines Head office Wollongong, NSW

Regional office Perth WA


800m2 Warehouse, 200m2 office space
Australasian Agent for

GE Energy Corporate Headquarters


TAPC Australasian Distributor for GE Energy (formerly BHA Group Inc.)

Kansas City, Missouri USA

Australasian Agent for

Innovative Filtration Technology


Evaporative Gas Conditioning
Powerwave
Acoustic Cleaners

ESP Advanced PulsePleat Automatic ThermoPleat Troubleshooting Upgrades and Voltage Controls SQ-300 Electrostatic

rebuilds Precipitators

HighExpertise Temp Elements

STS The AirJuice Pollution Can


TM

Tubular Filters DCE Vokes For TRUE DC Control Experts replacements

Fabric Filter Expert sales and Collectors technical support (Baghouses)

BHA-TEX

Total Air Pollution Control Pty Ltd


www.tapc.com.au
Toll Free 1800 424 269
Australasian Agent for

Air Pollution Control (APC) Terminology

TAPC

ACFM (Actual) vs. SCFM (Standard)


ACFM
Measured at:

SCFM
Calculated at :
70F Sea level Dry

Actual temperature
Actual elevation

With moisture

Australasian Agent for

ACFM
Actual Cubic Feet of gas per Minute
The volume of the gas flowing per unit of time at the operating temperature, pressure and composition. (also measured in cubic meters per hour)
Australasian Agent for

Calculating ACFM from SCFM


Temperature Correction

ACFM = SCFM x

(Actual Temp. + 460 F) 530 F

ACM/HR = NCM/HR x

(273 C + Temp) 273 C

Australasian Agent for

Air-to-Cloth calculations
Air-to-cloth ratio = acfmtotal filter area

(Filter dia. X length x 3.14) = filter area

Total # filters x filter area = total filter area

Australasian Agent for

Air-to-Cloth ratio (filter rate)


Type of Filter Cleaning System Shaker Reverse Air Pulse-Jet: A. Cylindrical Filter Bags B. Pleated Filters (Non-Paper Media) C. Pleated Filters (Paper Media) 6.0 3.5 2.0 1.83 1.07 0.67
Australasian Agent for

Maximum Recommended Air-to-Cloth Ratio Imperial Metric 3.0 0.91 2.5 0.76

Can velocity
In a pulse jet dust collector with the filter elements suspended from the tubesheet, Can Velocity is the upward air stream speed passing between the filters calculated at the horizontal cross-sectional plane of the collector housing at the bottom of the filters.

Australasian Agent for

Can velocity

6:1 AC Ratio

6:1 AC Ratio

6:1 AC Ratio

6:1 AC Ratio

6' bags

8' bags

10' bags

12' bags

Australasian Agent for

Can velocity
Point of measuring can velocity (bag bottom)

6:1 AC Ratio

6:1 AC Ratio

6:1 AC Ratio

6:1 AC Ratio

6' bags

8' bags

10' bags

12' bags

L W
Australasian Agent for

Grain loading
The amount of particulate by weight in a given volume of air, usually specified in grains/cubic foot (or grains/cubic meter).
1 lb (0.454 kg) = 7000 grains 1 kg = 15,432 grains

Australasian Agent for

Collection efficiency
Efficiency = Inlet Dust Load - Outlet Emission Inlet Dust Load

Example:
Inlet Dust Load = 15 Grains Outlet Emission = 0.01 Grains Efficiency =
15 Grains - 0.01 Grains = 99.93% 15 Grains
Australasian Agent for

@ 5 grain inlet load = 99.80%

Magnehelic gauge

An instrument used to measure the differential pressure drop in a baghouse.

Australasian Agent for

Water Gauge (w.g.) or Water Column (w.c.)


A measure of the pressure required to raise (or lower) a column of water against a vertical scale measured in localized units; e.g., 1 inch w.g. (25.4mm w.g.) 1 PSI = 27.7 inches w.g. (703.6 mm w.g.) 1 Mercury (Hg) = 13.6 inches w.g.
Australasian Agent for

Percentage Tenacity Loss per Week in Water, Saturated Steam or Moist Air For Polyester Fabric

Australasian Agent for

Moisture Problem:
Temp. C 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 10% RH 0.0002 0.0009 0.0045 0.022 0.1 0.5 2.5 12 Moist Air 20%RH 40%RH 60%RH 0.0004 0.0011 0.0026 0.0018 0.0055 0.013 0.009 0.027 0.063 0.045 0.13 0.3 0.2 0.62 1.4 1 3 7 5 15 34 24 70 Australasian 165 Agent for

Moisture Problem:
Temp. C 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Water or saturated steam 80%RH 100%RH 0.0064 0.0075 0.031 0.036 0.15 0.18 0.72 .085 3.5 4.1 17 20 82 97 400 465 Australasian Agent for

Psychrometric Chart

Australasian Agent for

Objectives:
To know about APC To know what APC best suited an application To know basic operation and maintenance of APC To comply with government regulations To eliminate environmental health hazards
Australasian Agent for

Performance Curve of a Filter Bag


Initial dustcake Effective filtration

Filter Drag

Initiation of cleaning cycle

Resistance of clean fabric

Mass of Dust Deposited

Australasian Agent for

Pressure Drop ( P)
Function of the pressure drop across both the filter and the deposited dust cake. P across the clean fabric:

Pf = k1vf
Pf = pressure drop across the clean fabric, in.H2O k1= fabric resistance, in H2O/(ft/min) vf = filtration velocity, ft/min
Australasian Agent for

Pressure Drop ( P)
P across the dust cake:

Pc = k2civf2t
Pc = pressure drop across the cake, in.H2O k2= resistance of the cake, in H2O/(lb/ft2-ft/min) ci = dust concentration loading, lb/ft3 vf = filtration velocity, ft/min t = filtration time, min

Australasian Agent for

Pressure Drop ( P)
P across the dust collector:

Pt = Pf + Pc

Australasian Agent for

Cleaning Comparison:
Parameter Frequency Pulse Jet Row of bags at a time Shock wave Reverse Air Clean one compartment at a time Gentle collapse of bags upon deflation 1-2g Shaker type Clean one compartment at a time Simple harmonic or sinusoidal 4-8g

Motion

Peak Acceleration

30-60g

Amplitude

1-4
Australasian Agent for

Cleaning Comparison:
Parameter Pulse Jet Reverse Air Shaker type

Mode
Duration

On stream/off stream 100 msec; 15 seconds off time

Off stream
Reverse air flow 20-40 seconds

Off stream
10-100 cycles; 30 seconds to few minutes

Bag dimension Bag tension

5-6; 8-20L 8-12; 22,30,40L 50-120 lbs, optimum varies

5,8,12; 810,22,30L -

Australasian Agent for

Fabric Testing:
Permeabilityis defined in ASTM Standard D-737-69 as the volume of air that can flow through one square foot of cloth area at a pressure drop of no more than 0.5 w.g.

Australasian Agent for

Fabric Testing:
MIT Flex Testis used to measure the ability of fabrics to withstand self abrasion from flexing. This method is describe in ASTM Standard D-2176-69

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Fabric Testing:
Mullen Burst Strengthdescribe in ASTM Standard D-231, is designed to show the relative total strength of fabrics to withstand pulsing or pressure.

Australasian Agent for

Fabric Testing:
Tensile Strengthprovides data on fabric stretch, elongation an tear. This is describe on ASTM Standard D-1682-64 for breaking load and elongation of fabrics.

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Baghouse System Design

TAPC

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Ductwork Sizing for Conveying Velocity 35004000 fpm 43 mph average

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1"

4"

6"

1"

1 + 4 + 1 + 6 = 12

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Static Pressure

12

31.1 BHP

Cubic Feet per minute (CFM)


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Static Pressure

12

31.1 BHP = 40HP 6

Cubic Feet per minute (CFM)


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Close Damper

1"

4"

6"

1"

1 + 4 + 1 + 6 = 12

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Tools to Troubleshoot the Baghouse


Gauge AMPS on Motor

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

4000 fpm

2800 fpm

Air Growth 14
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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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Troubleshooting

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0.51 Of P Change
Start Cleaning @

Open Damper
AMPS on Motor

44.5 P

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Static Pressure

12

31.1 BHP = 40HP 6

Cubic Feet per minute (CFM)


Australasian Agent for

0.51 Of P Change
Start Cleaning @

Open Damper AMPS on Motor

44.5 P

Temperature 100250F
Australasian Agent for

Fabric/Cage Selection for Dust Collection

TAPC

Fabric Style

Australasian Agent for

Fabric Selection Considerations


Baghouse operating temperature Abrasion resistance needed Resistance to cleaning energy

Gas stream chemistry


Air-to-Cloth ratio Cleaning method
Australasian Agent for

Fabric Characteristics & Suitability


Oper. Vari. Max. Oper. Temperature Abrasion Filtration Properties Moist Heat Alkalines Mineral Acids Oxygen(15%+) Relative Cost Polyester 275F (134C) Excellent Excellent Poor Fair Fair Excellent X Acrylic 264F (130C) Good Good Excellent Fair Good Excellent XX Fiberglass* 500F (259C) Fair Fair Excellent Fair Poor** Excellent XXX Aramid* 400F (204C) Excellent Excellent Good Good Fair Excellent XXXX PPS 375F (190C) Good Very Good Excellent Excellent Excellent Poor XXXXXX P84* 500F (259C) Fair Excellent Good Fair Good Excellent XXXXXXX

Australasian Agent for

Non-Fiberglass Finishes
Finish: Singe Finish Purpose: Recommended for improved cake release Provides short-term improvements for cake release (may impede airflow) Aids initial cake development and provides limited water repellancy Improves filtration efficiency and cake release (may impede flow in certain applications) Improved water and oil repellancy; limited cake release For capture of fine particulate, Improved filtration efficiency, cake release Available For: Polyester, Polypropylene, Acrylic, Aramid, PPS and P84 Polyester, Polypropylene (felts)

Glaze

Silicone Acrylic Coatings PTFE Penetrating Finished Expanded PTFE Membrane

Polyester (felt and woven)

Polyester and Acrylic felts

Aramid, Polyester

Aramid, Polyester, Acrylic, Polypropylene, P84, PPS, Australasian Agent for Fiberglass

Fiberglass Finishes
Finish: Silicone, Graphite Teflon (SGT) Acid Resistant Teflon B Finish Purpose: Protects glass yarns from abrasion, adds lubricity Shields glass yarn from acid attack Provides enhanced abrasion resistance and limited chemical resistance This unique formulation of polymers and PTFE provides superior resistance to both acid and alkali attack as well as increased abrasion resistance.

Blue-Max CRF-70

Australasian Agent for

Filter Bag Failure: Mechanical


Failure is caused by:
Aggressive cleaning Abrasion (internal & external) Faulty construction High differential pressure Normal wear Fabric blinding

Australasian Agent for

Filter Bag Failure: Chemical


Failure is caused by:
Acid attack Poor fiber or finish selection O2 on PPS Alkaline attack

Australasian Agent for

Filter Bag Failure: Thermal


Failure is caused by:
Fiber limitations
Strength loss Shrinkage/elongation Finish loss

Hopper buildup

Australasian Agent for

Protecting Bags for Maximum Collection Efficiency and Longer Life

Dustcake options
Particulate Collecting Artificial Precoat

Australasian Agent for

New fabric receives more airflow


New fabric accepts airflows in the range of approximately 20 to 50 cfm. Filter bags that have been in service and have a good porous dustcake have airflows at 5 to 10 cfm. The new filters will be subjected to three times the airflows as the bags that are currently in service, causing potential damage early in the bags life.
Australasian Agent for

Unprotected fabric
Unprotected new fabric interstices work like miniature venturis to accelerate airflow through the fabric, causing particulate impingement.

Australasian Agent for

How to protect new bags:


Preheat equipment Restrict airflows Lockout cleaning cycle Build good initial dustcake

Australasian Agent for

Initial dustcake requirements:


1. Porous, ensuring high airflows A. Range of particle sizes B. Varying particle shape 2. Provide a uniform coat. (1/16 to 1/8) 3. Material should be neutral (pH). 4. Safe to handle.

Australasian Agent for

New fabric protection & porosity


Unprotected

Embedded Particles in Interstices

Protected

Artificial Dustcake

Australasian Agent for

Restricted airflow:
Agglomerated dustcake restricts airflow. Particulate bleedthrough can cause emissions.

Australasian Agent for

Proper artificial dustcake can help


By cleaning the bags thoroughly, and reestablishing a uniform, porous dustcake, we can level-off the damage and recover much of the airflow.

Australasian Agent for

Bag protection options:


Fly ash Lime Diatomaceous earth BHA Neutralite

Australasian Agent for

Precoat volume vs. weight comparison


BHA Neutralite 1 lb. of Neutralite covers 20 ft2 of cloth with a 1/16 coating
Fly Ash

1 lb. of Fly Ash covers 4 ft2 of cloth with a 1/16 coating


Lime

1 lb. of Lime covers 2-3 ft2 of cloth with a 1/16 coating 5 ft2 10 ft2 15 ft2 20 ft2

Australasian Agent for

Precoat volume vs. weight comparison


Product
Neutralite Lime: Dolomite Quick Hydrated Crushed Stone Fly Ash - Treated
Density ( per ft3 ) Amount used per ft2 for 1/16th Coating

10

.052 lb/sq. ft.

50 34 91
55

.302 lb/sq. ft. .177 lb/ sq. ft. .474 lb/ sq. ft.
.286 lb/ sq. ft.

Australasian Agent for

Additional reasons to pre-coat:


Moisture can create agglomerated dustcake that destroys airflows; can create acid reaction, rust components Hydrocarbons create sticky dustcake difficult to clean; shorten bag life; high P Sparks burn holes in bags, can cause baghouse fires Neutralize gas stream chemicals
Australasian Agent for

Moisture prevention

Agglomeration of filter bags can be caused by gas stream moisture.


Australasian Agent for

Sparks ruin bags


Bag damage and failure can be caused by spark carryover.

Australasian Agent for

BHA Neutralite injection


High on hopper wall 3 diameter x 6 long pipe nipple. Neutralite can be injected here. Hopper Side Wall

3 diameter x 6 long pipe nipple on inlet ductwork/elbow. Neutralite can be injected here.

Insulation and sheet metal lagging.

Discharge Hose

Poke hole port, usually 3 or 4 dia. Location is too low to inject Neutralite, not enough air volume to maintain velocity needed to carry Neutralite to top section of filter bags.

Hopper door lockout procedures usually wont allow this access door to be open while dampers are open or fan is running.

Vacutrans Vacuum Hose Compressed Air Connects Here Airlock or slide gate.

To ash removal system.

Australasian Agent for

Review
Selection of material Cleaning system off Fan on (continuously) Correct amount (1/16-1/8) Maintain base cake

Australasian Agent for

Visolite

Leak Detection System

Purpose
Identify holes in filters Check for proper installation Detect structural air leaks

Australasian Agent for

Key information
Positive/Negative System Process/Nuisance Clean Air Plenum Access Cloth Area Injection Location

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Injecting Visolite

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Keys to successful test


Shut off cleaning system Fan in operation Inject powder (1lb per 1000 sq ft of cloth) Shut off Fan (45-60 seconds) Test with light

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Visolite Leak Detection System

Powder collects around air leaks

Australasian Agent for

Options:
Visolite colors: ORANGE GREEN Monchromatic lights:
PINK YELLOW

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Benefits review:
Non-formaldehyde Varying particle size Labor savings

Australasian Agent for

Fabric Selection
Style: Fiber: Weight: Construction: Count: Air Permeability: Mullen Burst Strength: Tensile Strength: 2 inch (5 cm) strip
Thermal Stability Maximum Operating Temp: Finish:

PE72 100% Polyester 16 oz/yd2 (544 g/m2) Scrim supported felt; Duo-Density (N/A) 15-35 CFM (.5-1 m3/min) 375 psi (26 kg/cm2) Warp: (N/A) Fill: (N/A) 2% maximum at 275F (135C) 275F (135C) Heat set, calendered, singed
Australasian Agent for

Improving Dust Collection Performance with Pleated Filter Elements

TAPC

Common Problems: Pulse-Jet


Fine Particle Emissions Particulate bleedthrough of conventional felts Aggressive design - high filtration velocities High Differential Pressure - Loss of Airflow High air-to-cloth ratios Poor cleaning mechanism efficiency Extra drag across filter due to primary dustcake
Australasian Agent for

Common problems:
High differential pressure / loss of airflow - de rate:
High air to cloth ratios Fine particulate Poor cleaning mechanism efficiency

Abrasion failure:
Bottom of filter bags located directly in line with inlet gas stream. Excessive movement of filter causing bag to bag abrasion.

Aggressive cleaning cycles:


Accelerated filter bag fatigue and flex failure.

Difficult installation and removal:


Extra downtime to handle multiple and bulky components. Multiple piece cages. Filter bags can become stuck to cages and have to be cut off. Australasian Agent for

Solutions with pleated elements


Increase surface filtration area by as much as 23 times

Lower differential pressure... increased airflow


Lower emissions... double filtration efficiency

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Benefits of pleated filter elements:


Shorter filters less abrasion failure Easy installation reduces downtime & lowers maintenance cost Lower pulse pressure compressed air savings reduction in pulse frequency, extending filter life

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Spunbond vs. felt


Spunbond polyester Polyester felt

Face view - magnified 100x


Australasian Agent for

Spunbond vs. felt


Spunbond polyester Polyester felt

Side view - magnified 50x


Australasian Agent for

Outlet emissions (grains/ACF*)

0.006
Standard Polyester Felt 0.006 (13.7 mg/m3)

0.005 40% Reduction

0.004

*5:1 A/C Ratio (1.5:1), 0.5 micron particulate inlet loading: 30 grains/acf (69 g/m3)

0.003

0.002

Spunbond Polyester 0.0025 (5.7 mg/m3)

0.001

Spunbond w/PTFE Membrane 0.0008 (2.3 mg/m3)

BHA PulsePleat
Australasian Agent for

Lower differential pressure


Differential Pressure
130mm (5.1) PE806/Membrane Spun Bonded Polyester Felt 120mm (4.7) 110mm (4.3) 100mm (3.9) 90mm (3.5) 80mm (3.2) 70mm (2.8) 60mm (2.4) 50mm (2.0) 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 50 Australasian Agent for

Differential Pressure, mm w.g. ( Inches w.g. )

Filtration area comparison


Pulse-Jet with conventional bags > 100 bags > 6.25 x120.00 bag size (159mm x 3050mm) > 1640 ft2 cloth area (152 m2 ) > 6.1 air-to-cloth ratio > 10,000 ft3/min (283 m3/min) > 6- 8 w.g. average differential pressure (152-203mm w.g.)
BEFORE
Australasian Agent for

Filtration area comparison


Pulse-Jet with BHA PulsePleat > 100 elements > TA625 x 80.63 (2050mm) PulsePleat > 5800 ft2 cloth area (538 m2 ) > 2.6 air-to-cloth ratio > 15,000 ft3/min (425 m3/min) > 3-4 w.g. average differential pressure (76-101mm w.g.)

253% increase in filter area

50% increase in airflow

AFTER
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Increased Surface Filtration Area provides:


Increased airflow Lower DP

200m3/hr
3/hr 167m 134m3/hr

Increased efficiency
Extended filter life Reduced compressed air usage

Australasian Agent for

BHA PulsePleat - for temps up to 265F (130C)


Top-load or bottomload tops

Customized pleat depth and spacing Polypropylene or metal core

Straps strategically placed for strength Polyurethane or metal bottom pan


Australasian Agent for

ThermoPleat - for temps up to 375F (190C)


Top-Load or BottomLoad Tops Customized pleat depth and spacing

Metal Core (Standard)

Straps strategically placed for strength


ISO 9001 Metal bottom pan (standard)
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BHA ThermoPleat - for temps up to 450F (232C)

Top-load or bottomload tops

Customized pleat depth and spacing Metal core (standard) Straps strategically placed for strength Metal bottom pan (standard)

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Pulse-Jet

TAPC

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Diaphragm valve

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Manifold

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Solenoid valve/bleeder tube

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Quick-release blowpipe

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Tubesheet (cell plate)

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Bags

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Cages

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Venturis

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Problem #1 - Limited cleaning ability

1/2

5-6 Header Pipe

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Recommended solution

1 1/2

5-6 Header Pipe

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.05

.15

Valve Energy Time


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44.5

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1 4 7 10 2 5 8 3 6 9 Cleaning sequence
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Six ways dust gets to clean air plenum


Hole in bag Snapband Welding Clean too soon Not cleaning Air leaks at door seal

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Incorrect Pulse Cleaning Sequence

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Correct Pulse Cleaning Sequence

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Seam Orientation: Facing Air Header or opposite the inlet


Air Header

Seam

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Blowpipe manifold/bag seam alignment

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Blowpipe alignment

2 Allowed
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Blowpipe misalignment
of cage

of blowpipe

Less than 1/4 inch (6.35 mm)

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Blowpipe problem

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Blowpipe problem

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Blowpipe problem

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- When do we need to clean the filter bags? - When do we need to change the filter bags?

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Differential Pressure monitoring

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3 1/2 - 4

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Basic requirements in designing a Pulse-Jet design baghouse


- application - air/gas volume requirement - normal and maximum operating temperature - dust to be collected -moisture content on the gas stream - inlet dust loading - air to cloth ratio - can velocity
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Top-load Snapband Bag Installation

Bag and cage selection


Standard recommended bag pinch Dependant upon fabric selection:

Bag

6mm- 19mm

Cage
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Beaded snapband filter bag design for flat tubesheet hole


Eliminates multiple parts, minimizing labor expenses Provides a uniform double beaded gasket cuff assembly, assuring a leakproof seal

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Proper installation of the cuff


1. Form the snapband into the shape of a kidney. The vertical seam in the cuff should be on the outer radius of the kidney shape.

Seam

Top view

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Proper installation of the cuff


2. Seat the seam of the cuff into the hole first with the tubesheet fitting between the beads, with one above & one below it.

Seam

Top view

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Proper installation of the cuff


3. Release the band and it will spring securely into place. A sharp popping noise should be heard.
Top view

Check to make sure you cannot easily twist the snapband and that the band is securely seated with the metal tubesheet fitted into the center of the band groove.

Side view

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Improper Installation of Snap Band Cuff


Snap Band Cuff installed upside down. Not sealing the PulsePleat properly

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Proper installation of the cuff


Use caution, and ensure all fingers are out of the tubesheet opening when the snapband is released.

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Proper installation of the cage

Lower the cage straight down into bag. Do not drop the cage into the bag; lower it by hand to ensure the bag is not spiraled on the cage.
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Pulse-Jet System Troubleshooting

High differential pressure?

in w.c.

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System Troubleshooting - Step 1


Is there power in and out of the timer?

NO

Turn on power and/or repair timer.

Yes

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System Troubleshooting - Step 2


Is the manifold pressure at the proper setting? Check for leaking solenoids and pulse values. Check compressed air source. Then check P.

NO

Yes

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System Troubleshooting - Step 3 Do solenoids and diaphragms operate properly?


Yes
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Repair and NO check P.

System Troubleshooting - Step 4

Is pulse duration at recommended settings?

NO

Set at 100 milliseconds and check P.

Yes
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System Troubleshooting - Step 5

Is the cleaning interval at the lowest setting that will allow the air manifold pressure to rebuild?

NO

Change settings and check P.

Yes
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System Troubleshooting - Step 6

Is the differential pressure reduced by cleaning off-line?

NO

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System Troubleshooting - Step 6


Pull a filter bag and run a permeability test to check for blinding.

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System Troubleshooting - Step 7

Is filter bag blinded?

Yes
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System Troubleshooting - Step 7

Analyze for cause of blinding and correct. Replace bags and follow good start-up procedure.

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System Troubleshooting - Step 8


Is the differential pressure reduced by cleaning off-line?

Yes
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System Troubleshooting - Step 9


Consider pleated media conversion. If Plenum Pulse, consider conversion to Pulse-Jet or increasing collector size.
Australasian Agent for

Is the air to cloth/ratio < 6:1 Pulse-Jet or 4:1 Plenum Pulse?

NO

Yes

System Troubleshooting - Step 10


Is material being continuously removed from hopper?

NO

Remove material continuously and check P.

Yes

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System Troubleshooting - Final Step

Call for

HELP!

Australasian Agent for

Cleaning Systems: Long Bag Collector Technology

Three Types of Cleaning Systems


High Pressure/Low Volume
8-7bar (80-100psi)

Medium Pressure/High Volume


2-3bar (30-45psi)

Low Pressure/High Volume


1bar (15psi)

Australasian Agent for

High Pressure/Low Volume


1.5" (typical) to 3" pulse valves Typically round filters with cages Utilizes venturis Filters: 125-159mm x 3000-6000mm Requires an air compressor

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Medium Pressure/High Volume


2.5" to 3" pulse valves Typically round filters with cages Do not use traditional venturis Filters: 125-159mm x 3000-8000mm Requires an air compressor

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Medium Pressure Cleaning System

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Cleaning Systems

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Cleaning Systems

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Cleaning Systems

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Low Pressure/High Volume


Round collectors with rotary arm cleaning system Oval filters common also round with cages No venturis Filters: 125-159mm x 3000-6000mm 5"-6.25" x 10'-20' Utilizes positive displacement blower

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High Pressure / Low Volume Pulsing


Standard pulsing system Typical 6" diameter compressed air header 1 " diameter pulse valve & blowpipe 1 " dia. pulse valve @ 90 psi uses 45 scfm max.
pulse interval: 6 sec. duration: 100ms/pulse volume: 4.5 scfm/pulse

Horsepower required to compress air to 90 psi: 9.85 Hp = 7.35 Kwh

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Medium Pressure / High Volume Pulsing


Standard pulsing system 14" nominal diameter compressed air header 2 " diameter pulse valve & blowpipe Blowpipe requires nozzle extensions at each blow hole 2 " diameter pulse valve @ 30 psi consumes 140 scfm max. pulse interval: 6 seconds duration: 230ms volume: 14.03 scfm/pulse Horsepower required to compress air to 30 psi: 15.26 Hp = 11.38 Kwh Formula: HP = 0.2267Q [[PSI/14.7+1] 0.283 1] + 30% safety factor
Australasian Agent for

Cleaning Systems

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