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45075287 Aircraft of the Luftwaffe 1935 45 an Illustrated Guide

45075287 Aircraft of the Luftwaffe 1935 45 an Illustrated Guide

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Published by: Akiva Crouse on Jul 01, 2013
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Aircraft of the Luftwaffe,
1935–1945

ALSOBYJEAN-DENISG.G. LEPAGE
ANDFROMMCFARLAND

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An Illustrated History(2005)

Castles and Fortified Cities of Medieval Europe:
An Illustrated History(2002)

Aircraft of the
Luftwaffe, 1935–1945

An Illustrated Guide

JEAN-DENISG.G. LEPAGE

McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers

Jefferson, North Carolina, and London

LIBRARYOFCONGRESSCATALOGUING-IN-PUBLICATIONDATA

Lepage, Jean-Denis.
Aircraft of the Luftwaffe, ¡935–¡945 :
an illustrated guide / Jean-Denis G.G. Lepage.
p.

cm.
Includes bibliographical references and index.

ISBN 978-0-7864-3937-9

softcover : 50# alkaline paper

1.Airplanes, Military—Germany—History—20th century.
2.Germany. Lutfwaffe—History—20th century.
3.World War, 1939–1945—Aerial operations, German.I.Title.
UG1245.G4L472009

623.74'6094309043—dc22

2008052744

British Library cataloguing data are available

©2009 Jean-Denis G.G. Lepage. All rights reserved

No part of this book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying
or recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system,
without permission in writing from the publisher.

On the cover: Digital illustration by Jerry Boucher of
two Messerschmitt Bf 109E-7Bs during the 1941
Balkans Campaign (www.the-vaw.com)

Manufactured in the United States of America

McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers
Box 611, Jefferson, North Carolina 28640
www.mcfarlandpub.com

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .vi

Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

1.Historical Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5

2.Basic Technical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33

3.Regalia and Uniforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70

4.Bombers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106

5.Fighters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .205

6.Jet Fighters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .244

7.Seaplanes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .314

8.Transport Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .335

9.Miscellaneous Aircraft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .358

Bibliography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .395

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .397

v

Acknowledgments

My gratitude to Jeannette and Jan à Stuling, Eltjo de Lang and Ben
Marcato, Wim Wiese, and Peter De Laet. A special thanks to Dan
Johnson’s internet site (www.Luftwaffe46.com), and his team of com-
puter artists, who were of great help providing data and inspiration for
the illustrations for the sections about German experimental and jet
aircrafts.

vi

One of the most significant innovations in
warfare has certainly been the appearance of
air power during the First World War (1914–
1918). Demanding resources and technical and
financial investment on a whole new scale, the
expansion of military activity in the sky also
fundamentally changed the nature of war
itself. On the battlefield, the aircraft became
critical to intelligence, reconnaissance and ar-
tillery direction, and soon for ground-support
operations and bombing raids. The intro-
duction of strategic long-range bombers also
helped to initiate “total war” involving civil-
ians as industrial weapons producers and
therefore as targets.
The period 1939–1945, an era of rapid change
and experiments, is still of great fascination for
the student of weapons in general and mili-
tary aircraft more particularly. The Second
World War provided an arena for the airplane
to prove its deadly worth, and such a period
may never recur. Weapons are now too expen-
sive, large and complicated to ever be treated
with the same degree of experiment as they
were then. The German Luftwaffe saw unpar-
alleled changes in the design and use of air-
craft. Hitler’s reign from 1933 to 1945 was a
period of unusual, prolific advances in aircraft
design. In 1935 German airmen used planes
much the same as had been used by their
fathers in 1918 by the end of World War I. By
1945, the changes had been profound, culmi-
nating in the world’s first jet fighter, the
Messerschmitt Me 262.
The subject of World War II German air-
craft is vast and sometimes hopelessly compli-

cated, and my intention is to approach it in as
simple a way as possible. In this book the most
familiar and best-known Luftwaffe aircraft are
all included, and sorted by type: bombers,
fighters, jet fighters, seaplanes, transport air-
craft, and miscellaneous. Together with the
most important aircraft, such as the Bf 109, Ju
87, Fw 190 and Me 262, great attention is also
paid to large numbers of lesser-known planes,
never-developed replacements, rarities, and
experimental designs—some totally extrava-
gant and lunatic, others potentially viable but
much too ahead of their time. In short, the
reader will encounter in these pages almost all
Luftwaffe aircraft.
The objective of the work is to provide a
reliable and stimulating source of information
and reference for serious students and the
interested lay reader alike. It is my hope that
this comprehensive survey of almost every
facet of the German World War II Luftwaffe
might be of interest for military historians,
specialists, collectors of militaria, aircraft
“buffs,” and war-gamers, as well as to provide
the wide circle of interested and curious read-
ers—those with little specific knowledge in this
subject—with a general overview on German
World War II aircrafts. Each entry is illus-
trated with my black-and-white drawing made
from existing photographs, and explained in
compact text describing type, origin, dimen-
sions and weight (both in metric and impe-
rial), as well as engine used, performance,
armament, and history, when known. The first
three parts of this book provide some basic his-
torical background and general information.

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