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1

Soluciones a las actividades de cada epgrafe


PGINA 27

Pg. 1

1 Calcula mentalmente.
a) 5 7

b) 2 9

c) 3 4

d) 6 10

e) 5 12

f ) 9 15

g) 12 + 17

h) 22 + 10

i) 21 + 15

j) 3 6

k) 1 9

l) 12 13

a) 2

b) 7

c) 1

d) 4

e) 7

f) 6

g) 5

h) 12

i) 6

j) 9

k) 10

l) 25

2 Resuelve.
a) 10 3 + 5

b) 5 8 + 6

c) 2 9 + 1

d) 7 15 + 2

e) 16 4 6

f ) 22 7 8

g) 9 8 7

h) 15 12 + 6

a) 12

b) 3

c) 6

d) 6

e) 6

f) 7

g) 6

h) 9

a) 3 + 10 1

b) 8 + 2 3

c) 5 + 6 + 4

d) 12 + 2 + 6

e) 18 + 3 + 6

f ) 20 + 12 + 5

g) 7 3 4

h) 2 13 5

a) 6

b) 9

c) 5

d) 4

e) 9

f) 3

g) 14

h) 20

3 Calcula.

4 Copia y completa como en el ejemplo.


7 4 6 2 + 5 + 3 4 = 15 16 = 1
a) 3 9 + 4 8 2 + 13 = 20 19 = 1
b) 15 4 + 12 3 11 2 = 12 35 = 23
5 Calcula.
a) 3 7 + 2 5

b) 2 6 + 9 3 + 4

c) 7 10 5 + 4 + 6 1

d) 6 + 4 3 2 8 + 5

e) 12 + 5 17 11 + 20 13

f ) 16 22 + 24 31 + 12 15

a) 7

b) 6

c) 1

d) 10

e) 4

6 Quita parntesis y calcula.


a) (3) (+4) (8)

b) (5) + (6) (3)

c) (+8) (+6) + (7) (4)

d) (3) (+2) + (9) + (+7)

a) (3) (+4) (8) = 3 4 + 8 = 1


b) (5) + (6) (3) = 5 6 + 3 = 2
c) (+8) (+6) + (7) (4) = 8 6 7 + 4 = 1
d) (3) (+2) + (9) + (+7) = 3 2 9 + 7 = 1
Unidad 1. Divisibilidad y nmeros enteros

f) 16

Soluciones a las actividades de cada epgrafe


7 Resuelve de dos formas, como en el ejemplo.

Pg. 2

a) 10 (13 7) = 10 (+6) = 10 6 = 4
b) 10 (13 7) = 10 13 + 7 = 17 13 = 4
a) 15 (12 8)

b) 9 (20 6)

c) 8 (15 12)

d) 6 (13 2)

e) 15 (6 9 + 5)

f ) 21 (3 10 + 11 + 6)

a) 15 (12 8) = 15 (+4) = 15 4 = 11
15 (12 8) = 15 12 + 8 = 23 12 = 11
b) 9 (20 6) = 9 (+14) = 9 14 = 5
9 (20 6) = 9 20 + 6 = 15 20 = 5
c) 8 (15 12) = 8 (+3) = 8 3 = 5
8 (15 12) = 8 15 + 12 = 20 15 = 5
d) 6 (13 2) = 6 (+11) = 6 11 = 5
6 (13 2) = 6 13 + 2 = 8 13 = 5
e) 15 (6 9 + 5) = 15 (11 9) = 15 (+2) = 15 2 = 13
15 (6 9 + 5) = 15 6 + 9 5 = 24 11 = 13
f) 21 (3 10 + 11 + 6) = 21 (20 10) = 21 (+10) = 21 10 = 11
21 (3 10 + 11 + 6) = 21 3 + 10 11 6 = 31 20 = 11
8 Resuelve de una de las formas que ofrece el ejemplo:
a) (8 13) (5 4 7) = (8 13) (5 11) = (5) (6) = 5 + 6 = 1
b) (8 13) (5 4 7) = 8 13 5 + 4 + 7 = 19 18 = 1
a) (4 9) (5 8)

b) (1 6) + (4 7)

c) 4 (8 + 2) (3 13)

d) 12 + (8 15) (5 + 8)

e) (8 6) (3 7 2) + (1 8 + 2)

f ) (5 16) (7 3 6) (9 13 5)

En cada caso, de cualquiera de las dos formas:


a) (4 9) (5 8) = (5) (3) = 5 + 3 = 2
(4 9) (5 8) = 4 9 5 + 8 = 12 14 = 2
b) (1 6) + (4 7) = (5) + (3) = 5 3 = 2
(1 6) + (4 7) = 1 + 6 + 4 7 = 10 8 = 2
c) 4 (8 + 2) (3 13) = 4 (+10) (10) = 4 10 + 10 = 14 10 = 4
4 (8 + 2) (3 13) = 4 8 2 3 + 13 = 17 13 = 4
d) 12 + (8 15) (5 + 8) = 12 + (7) (13) = 12 7 13 = 12 20 = 8
12 + (8 15) (5 + 8) = 12 + 8 15 5 8 = 20 28 = 8
e) (+2) (3 9) + (3 8) = (+2) (6) + (5) = +2 + 6 5 = 8 5 = 3
(8 6) (3 7 2) + (1 8 + 2) = 8 6 3 + 7 + 2 + 1 8 + 2 = 20 17 = 3
f) (11) (7 9) (9 18) = (11) (2) (9) = 11 + 2 + 9 = 11 11 = 0
(5 16) (7 3 6) (9 13 5) = 5 16 7 + 3 + 6 9 + 13 + 5 = 32 32 = 0
Unidad 1. Divisibilidad y nmeros enteros

Soluciones a las actividades de cada epgrafe


9 Resuelto en el libro de texto.

Pg. 3

10 Calcula.
a) 7 [1 + (9 13)]

b) 9 + [8 (13 4)]

c) 12 [6 (15 8)]

d) 17 + [9 (3 10)]

e) 2 + [6 (4 2 + 9)]

f ) 15 [9 (5 11 + 7)]

a) 7 [1 + (9 13)] = 7 [1 + 9 13] = 7 1 9 + 13 = 20 10 = 10
b) 9 + [8 (13 4)] = 9 + [8 (9)] = 9 + [8 9] = 9 + [1] = 9 1 = 10
c) 12 [6 (15 8)] = 12 [6 15 + 8] = 12 6 + 15 8 = 27 14 = 13
d) 17 + [9 (3 10)] = 17 + [9 (7)] = 17 + [9 + 7] = 17 + 16 = 1
e) 2 + [6 (4 2 + 9)] = 2 + [6 4 + 2 9] = 2 + 6 4 + 2 9 = 10 13 = 3
f) 15 [9 (5 11 + 7)] = 15 [9 (12 11)] = 15 [9 (+1)] = 15 [9 1] =
= 15 [+8] = 15 8 = 7
11 Resuelve.
a) (2 9) [5 + (8 12) 7]

b) 13 [15 (6 8) + (5 9)]

c) 8 [(6 11) + (2 5) (7 10)]

d) (13 21) [12 + (6 9 + 2) 15]

e) [4 + (6 9 13)] [5 (8 + 2 18)]

f ) [10 (21 14)] [5 + (17 11 + 6)]

a) (2 9) [5 + (8 12) 7] = (2 9) [5 + (4) 7] = (2 9) [5 4 7] =
= (7) [5 11] = 7 [6] = 7 + 6 = 1
b) 13 [15 (6 8) + (5 9)] = 13 [15 6 + 8 + 5 9] =
= 13 15 + 6 8 5 + 9 = 28 28 = 0
c) 8 [(6 11) + (2 5) (7 10)] = 8 [(5) + (3) (3)] = 8 [5 3 + 3] =
= 8 [8 + 3] = 8 [5] = 8 + 5 = 13
d) (13 21) [12 + (6 9 + 2) 15] = (13 21) [12 + 6 9 + 2 15] =
= 13 21 12 6 + 9 2 + 15 = 37 41 = 4
e) [4 + (6 9 13)] [5 (8 + 2 18)] = [4 + (6 22)] [5 (10 18)] =
= [4 16] [5 + 8] = 12 13 = 25
f) [10 (21 14)] [5 + (17 11 + 6)] = [10 21 + 14] [5 + 17 11 + 6] =
= 10 21 + 14 5 17 + 11 6 = 35 49 = 14

Unidad 1. Divisibilidad y nmeros enteros