Está en la página 1de 3

Una varilla en forma de semicircunferencia de radio a tiene una densidad de carga ,

distribuida uniformemente. Calcular:


a) La fuerza que acta sobre una carga q colocoda en P.
b) La carga total de la varilla
Solucin:
a) A.1- Situacin esquemtica
Y



P X
q














A.2) Anlisis de la situacin

3
2 2 2 2 2 2
( ')
|| ' ||


' (1 cos )

' cos
|| ' || (1 cos ) (1 cos )
|| ' || 2 2cos 2(1 cos )

(1 cos )
a
dq r r
Fq kq
r r
r ai
r r a i asen j
r a i asen j
r r a a sen a sen
r r a a
dQ dL ad
d a i
Fq kq a
u u
u u
u u u u
u u
u
u u

=
=> = +
= +
=> = + + = + +
=> = + = +
= =
+
=
}
| |
| |
| |
3/ 2
3
2 2
3/ 2
3 3
3/ 2
2 2
2
3/ 2
3/ 2 1/ 2
2
A
B

2(1 cos )
(1 cos )

2 (1 cos )
2(1 cos )

2 (1cos )
2(1 )
asen j
a
a d a sen d
Fq kq a i j
a a
kq d sen d
Fq i j
a
cos
t t
t t
t
t
u
u
u u u u

u
u
u u u
u
u

(
(


(
(
+

(
+
(
=
(
(
+ +
+

(

= +
(
+

}
} }
}
| |
2
2
2
3/ 2
2
2
2
2 2
3/ 2 2/ 2
3/ 2
3/ 2 3/ 2 3/ 2 3/ 2
1 1
1
1
/ 2
3/ 2
/ 2

: 1 cos
2(1 )
1 1
2 2 2 3/ 2 2 / 2
1 1
( 2)
2
1 cos
1 1
2 1
u
u
u u
u u
u
u
sen d
B j u du sen d du sen d
cos
du u
u du
u
t
t
t
t
t
t
u u
u u u u u
u
u

(
(
(
(
(
(

=> = + => = => =
+
(
(
= =
(
(
+


(
=
(
+

=
+
}
}
} }
| |
/ 2
3/ 2 1/ 2
/ 2
/ 2 / 2
2
3/ 2 1/ 2
/ 2 / 2
1
cos / 2 1 cos / 2
1
1 1 0
2

:
2 (1cos )
Identidad Trigonomtrica
1 cos
cos( /2)= 1 cos 2 cos
2 2
1

2
2 2 cos cos
2 2
1
2
2 2
1 1
2 cos 2
d
A i
d d
i i
u du d du d
du
u
t
t
t t
t t
t t
u
u
u u
u u
u u
u u
u
u u

(
+

= =
(

+
=> + =
=
=> = => = => =
=>
}
} }
2
2
1
1
/ 2
/ 2
/ 2
/ 2
/ 2
/ 2
log | ( ) |
4 2
1
log | ( ) |
2 4 4
1
log | ( ) |
2 4 4
1
log | ( ) |
2 4 8
u
u
u
u
u
tg
tg
tg
tg
t
t
t
t
t
t
t
t u
t u
t t

(
+
(

(
= +
(

(
= +
(

(
= +
(

}
log | ( ) |
4 8
tg
t t



/ 2
3/ 2 1/ 2
/ 2
/ 2 / 2
2
3/ 2 1/ 2
/ 2 / 2
2
2
1
1

:
2 (1cos )
Identidad Trigonomtrica
1 cos
cos( /2)= 1 cos 2 cos
2 2
1

2
2 2 cos cos
2 2
1
2
2 2
1 1
log | ( ) |
2 cos 2 4 2
1
u
u
u
u
d
A i
d d
i i
u du d du d
du u
tg
u
t
t
t t
t t
u
u
u u
u u
u u
u u
u
u u
t


(

+
=> + =
=
=> = => = => =
(
=> +
(

=
}
} }
}
/ 2
/ 2
/ 2
/ 2
/ 2
/ 2
log | ( ) |
2 4 4
1
log | ( ) |
2 4 4
1
log | ( ) |
2 4 8
tg
tg
tg
t
t
t
t
t
t
t u
t u
t t

(
+
(

(
= +
(

(
= +
(

| |
0
1 3
log | | log | tan |
2 8 8
1
(log | 67, 5| log | 22, 5|
2
log | 2, 41| log | 0, 41|
2
(0, 77)

0, 77
2 2(4 cos) 8 cos
0, 39

[ ]
4
tg
kq
Fq tg tg
a
kq
a
kq q q
i
a a a
q
Fq i N
a
t t


t t

tc
(
=
(

(
=
(

=

= = =
=