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Health Education

LEARNING AREA STANDARD: The learner demonstrates understanding of the key concepts of health in achieving, promoting and sustaining wellness for quality life Key Stage Standard: The learner demonstrates understanding of key concepts of health in promoting and sustaining wellness for quality life for the individual, the family and the larger community. Grade 8 Standard: The learner demonstrates understanding of family health I; family health II; prevention and control of diseases and disorders; and prevention of substance use and abuse to develop and promote wellness for quality life.

Content Family health I 1st Quarter A. Gender and Human Sexuality (Correlate with Values Education; coordinate with Guidance Counselor)

Content Standards

Performance Standards

Learning Competencies

The learner demonstrates understanding of human and managing sexuality related issues for a healthy life.

The learner appropriately manages sexuality-related issues through responsible and informed decisions.

The learner Discusses sexuality as an important component of ones personality Explains the dimensions of human sexuality Analyzes the factors that affect ones attitudes and practices related to sexuality Assesses personal health attitudes that may influence sexual behavior Relates the importance of sexuality to family health Describes teen-age concerns, e.g., boy-girl relationship and their effects on holistic health Discusses the signs, symptoms, and effects of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Corrects misconceptions, myths, and beliefs about STIs

B. Teen-age concerns

C. Sexually transmitted infections (with emphasis on HIV and AIDS), (Celebrate World AIDS Day on December 1)

D. Development of decisionskills in managing sexualityrelated issues

Enumerates steps in the prevention and control of STIs Analyzes why abstinence is the most effective method for the prevention of HIV and AIDS and other STIs Follows government policies in the prevention and control of HIV and AIDS (RA 8504 or Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act) Explains other government efforts in ensuring a clean blood supply to prevent issues and problems related to sexuality (RA 7719 or Blood Services Act of 1994) Applies decision-making skills in managing sexuality-related issues

Family health II 2nd Quarter A. Courtship, dating, and marriage

The learner demonstrates understanding of responsible parenthood for a healthy family life.

The learner makes informed and values-based decisions in preparation for responsible

The learner explains the importance of courtship and dating in choosing a life partner analyzes behaviors that promote healthy relationship in marriage and family life describes the factors that

B. Conception, pregnancy and childbirth

parenthood

contribute to a successful marriage explains the process of conception discusses the causes and prevention of infertility describes the development of the fetus during pregnancy discusses pregnancy-related concerns explains the importance of maternal nutrition during pregnancy describes preparations and conditions during childbirth explains the importance of prenatal care discusses the essential newborn protocol enumerates the advantages of breastfeeding analyzes the importance of responsible parenthood explains the effects of family size on health examines the important roles and responsibilities of parents in child rearing and care explains the effects of rapid population growth on the health of

C. Responsible parenthood

the nation

Prevention and control of diseases and disorders 3rd Quarter The learner A. Concept of health and disease B. Common beliefs about the cause of diseases C. General factors that influence the health equilibrium (host, agent, and environment) D. Factors in the development of a disease E. Chain of infection F. Stages of infection G. General methods of disease prevention and control demonstrates understanding on the prevention and control of communicable diseases for the attainment of individual wellness. The learner consistently demonstrates personal responsibility and healthful practices in the prevention and control of communicable diseases,. The learner discusses the concept of health and disease analyzes the common beliefs about disease causation describes factors that influence the health equilibrium discusses the factors in the development of a disease formulates guidelines to lessen the impact of these factors explains the elements of the chain of infection and their interrelationship with one another discusses the stages of infection recommends actions to prevent and control the spread of communicable

H. Skin diseases as adolescent health concerns:

I. Nature, prevention, and control J. Facts and myths about communicable diseases during adolescence K. Development of selfmonitoring skills

diseases explains the nature of common skin diseases during adolescence practices ways to prevent and control skin diseases distinguishes facts from myths about communicable diseases during adolescence demonstrates self-monitoring skills to prevent communicable diseases

Prevention of Substance Use and Abuse(Cigarettes and Alcohol) 4th Quarter The learner demonstrate understanding of cigarette and alcohol use prevention for a healthy family life. The learner share responsibility with the family in the prevention of cigarette and alcohol use for a healthy family life through the preparation of advocacy materials. The learner Discuss cigarettes and alcohol as gateway drugs Analyze the implications of cigarette smoking Describe the harmful short- and long-term effects of cigarette smoking on the different parts of the body. Discuss the dangers of mainstream, second-hand and third hand smoke Explain the impact of cigarette smoking on the family, environment, community, and country

Cigarettes and Alcohol

Analyze the implications of drinking alcoholic beverages Describe the harmful short- and long-term effects of drinking alcoholic beverages Interpret blood alcohol concentration in terms of physiological changes in the body Explain the impact of drinking alcoholic beverages on the family, community , and country Discuss strategies in the prevention and control of cigarette smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages Apply resistance skills in situations related to cigarette and alcohol use Enumerate healthy alternatives to cigarette and alcohol use Follow school rules and government laws related to cigarette and alcohol use Prepare advocacy materials against cigarette and alcohol use