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# MATRICES

1. Sean A
Si
5

A = a
b

0 0

6 0 , halle B
c 1

b11

Si AB = I AA = I B = b21
b
31
1

0 0 b11

6 0 b21
c 1 b31
Calculando los 9

b12
b22
b32

b13

b23 = A1
b33

b13 1 0 0

b22 b23 = 0 1 0
b32 b33 0 0 1
elementos del producto de matrices del primer miembro
1
1. 5b11 + 0b21 + 0b31 = 1 b11 =
5
2. 5b12 + 0b22 + 0b32 = 0 b12 = 0
5

a
b

b12

## 3. 5b13 + 0b23 + 0b33 = 0 b13 = 0

a
a
+ 6b21 = 0 b21 =
5
30
1
= 1 0 + 6b22 = 1 b22 =
6
= 0 0 + 6b23 + 0 = 0 b23 = 0

## 4. ab11 + 6b21 + 0b31 = 0

5. ab12 + 6b22 + 0b32
6. ab13 + 6b23 + 0b33

b ac
ac b

+ b31 = 0 b31 =

5 30
30 5
c
c
8 . bb12 + cb22 + b32 = 0 0 + + b32 = 0 b32 =
6
6
9. bb13 + cb23 + b33 = 1 0 + 0 + b33 = 1 b33 = 1
7. bb11 + cb21 + b31 = 0

1

5
a
B =
30
ac b

30 5

0
1
6
c

0
1

1 6
0 B =
5 c

6
1

0
0
1

+0

B =

1
30

## 2. Las matrices A y E son antisimtricas.Adems la matriz D es escalar

del mismo orden.
A=
0

k 1

0
, E =
m 2
0

128
, Calcule D 1
0

Solucin
S i A es antisimtrica se cumple , k 1 = 4 k = 3
S i E es antisimtrica se cumple , m 2 = 128 m = 130
4
0
0
, E =
A =
0
4
128
1
D = b
0
0

4
0

4b5

0
1

b
, D =

1 2

4 0

0
b5

128

2
4b5 = 128 b = 2 , 4b5 = 128 b = 2 D =
0
d12
1 d 22

D = 4 0 = 4 D 1 =
d11
D d 21
Por lo tan to : D 1 =

0
b

b5

5
5
5 5
5
5
D = (bI ) = b I = b I D =
0

0
b5
0
128
=

5
0
0
b 128

4b5 0
=
0 128
4
0

128
0

0
1
D = 2

2
0

0
2