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Manual Inglés Básico

Manual Inglés Básico

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Publicado porAlfonzo Gregoric

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Published by: Alfonzo Gregoric on Apr 21, 2013
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Sections

  • Unidad I Socialización
  • Unidad II Verbo to Be (Presente Simple)
  • Unidad IV Descripción de personas, cosas y lugares
  • Unidad V Presente Continuo
  • Unidad VI Auxiliares Do, Does y verbo to have
  • Unidad VII Tiempo futuro
  • Unidad VIII Verbo to be en pasado
  • Unidad IX Ordenes,ubicación y dirección
  • Unidad X Auxiliar Did, pasado simple

Inglés Básico

Unidad I Objetivo Terminal

Socialización

Expresar en forma oral y escrita, saludos, presentaciones, despedidas, permisos, disculpas y agradecimientos en el idioma Inglés.

Contenido
Saludos Despedidas Presentarse Presentar a otros   Formales Informales

Presentaciones

 

Expresiones

  

Disculpas Permisos Agradecimientos

Información de la unidad
Las formas de relacionarse entre las personas son muy variadas. En Inglés se utilizan diversas expresiones que permiten el acercamiento o conocimiento entre las personas de manera formal e informal, desde el saludo hasta la manera de presentar a otras personas. En esta unidad el participante se relacionará con esas expresiones, permitiendo ponerlas en práctica entre sus compañeros.

Grammar / Gramática

5

Inglés Básico

Formal Greetings / Saludos Formales • • • In the Morning / En la Mañana: In the Afternoon / En la Tarde: In the Evening / En la Noche: At Night / En la Noche Good Evening / Buenas Noches Good Morning / Buenos Días Good Afternoon / Buenas Tardes

Informal Greetings / Saludos Informales • • • • Hi / Hello How are you? How do you do? How do you feel? Hola ¿Cómo estás tú? / ¿Cómo está Usted? ¿Cómo Está Usted? / ¿Cómo le va a usted? ¿Cómo se siente?

Information Questions Preguntas Informativas Fine I’m very well How are you? I’m so so Pretty Good Bien Estoy muy bien ¿Cómo estás tú? Estoy regular Muy bien

Answers Respuestas Thanks Thank you And you?

Y usted? Gracias Y tú?

En el inglés no se establece diferencia entre el usted (you) y tú (you) Farewell Expressions / Expresiones de Despedida • • Good Bye! Bye! Adios Adios

6

Inglés Básico

• •

See you Tomorrow See you Later Next Week Soon

Nos Vemos Hasta Mañana Nos vemos más Tarde Hasta la Próxima Semana Hasta Pronto Hasta Luego Hasta Mañana

• •

So long Until Tomorrow

Examples / Ejemplos Informal Dialogue / Dialogo Informal A: B: A: B: A: B: Hello Aurilu Hi Iralis. How are you? I’m fine thanks, and you? Pretty Good See you later See you! Hola Aurilu Hola Iralis. ¿Cómo estás? Estoy bien gracias, ¿y tú? Muy bien Nos vemos más tarde Nos vemos

Formal Dialogue / Dialogo Formal A: B: A: B: Good Morning Mr. Rojas Good Morning Mrs. Smith How do you do? I’m very well, thank you Buenos Días Sr. Rojas Buenos Días Sra. Smith ¿Cómo estas? Estoy muy bien, gracias.

Self Introduction / Presentación de sí mismo • • My name is… I am / I’m… Mi nombre es… Yo soy…

Example:

7

Soy Pedro Hola Pedro.Inglés Básico • • • My name is Aurilu I am / I’m Alfred What’s your name? Mi nombre es Aurilu Yo soy Alfredo ¿Cuál es tu nombre? Introducing others / Presentando a otros Informal • • • • • This is (Susan) She is (Mirian) He is (Carlos) Nice to meet you Nice to meet you too Esta es (Susan) Ella es (Mirian) El es (Carlos) Encantado (a) de conocerte Encantado (a) de conocerte también Example: A: Peter this is Marlene B: Hi Marlene. Nice to meet you B: Nice to meet you too Formal • • Let me introduce you to… How do you do? Permitame presentarle a… Encantado de conocerle (How do you do?. I’m Peter C: Hi Peter. en este caso es utilizado como una respuesta más que como una pregunta y debe obtener una respuesta con la misma expresión) • • Glad to meet you It’s a pleasure to meet you Encantado de conocerle Es un placer conocerte (le) Pedro esta es Marlene Hola Marlene. Encantada de conocerte Encantado de conocerte también 8 .

Perez. Pérez Permítame presentarle a la Srta. Rojas Buenos Días Sr. ¿Puede repetir? Accepting apologies / Aceptando disculpas • • • • Don’t worry It’s all right It’s OK No problem No se preocupe Está bien Está bien No hay problema 9 .Inglés Básico Example: A: B: Good Morning Mr. Let me introduce you Miss Cabrera C: How do you do? A: How do you do? Buenos Días Sr. Rojas Good Morning Mr. Can you repeat? Discúlpeme por llegar tarde Lo siento. Cabrera Encantada Encantado Apologize Expressions / Expresiones de Disculpa Giving an Apologize / Dando una disculpa • • • • • Excuse me I’m sorry Pardon Me Forgive me I beg your Pardon Discúlpame / Discúlpeme Lo Siento / Lo Lamento Perdóname Perdóname Perdóname Examples: • • Excuse me for coming late I’m sorry.

tu puedes Por Supuesto Seguro Example: A: May I go out? 10 ¿Puedo salir? . Can I go out? Disculpe. you may Yes. tu puedes Sí. you can Of course! Sure Sí. ¿Puedo salir? Giving Permission / Concediendo Permiso • • • • Yes. ¿Puedo entrar? Disculpe. May I come in? Excuse me.Inglés Básico Example: A: B: Excuse me for coming late That’s OK Discúlpeme por llegar tarde Está bien Expressions for asking permission / Expresiones para pedir permiso • • • • Excuse me May I…? Can I…? Would you mind…? Disculpe ¿Puedo yo? (Formal) ¿Puedo yo? (Informal) ¿Le importaría…? Example: • • Excuse me.

¿Puedo utilizar tu bolígrafo? Lo siento. no puedes Giving Thanks / Dar las gracias • • • • Thank you Thanks Thanks a lot Thank you very much Gracias (Formal) Gracias (Informal) Muchas Gracias Muchísimas gracias Accepting Thanks / Agradeciendo • • • • • You’re welcome That’s OK That’s all right Don’t mention it Forget it! De nada Está bien Está bien No hay de que Olvidalo 11 . you may not Of course not No puedes Lo siento. you may not. no puedes Por supuesto Example: A: B: May I use your pen? I’m sorry. you may Thanks Sí. tú puedes Gracias Refusing Permission / Rechazando Permiso • • • You may/can not I’m sorry.Inglés Básico B: A: Yes.

mis Your Su. sus El Pronombre Personal IT es utilizado sólo para animales o cosas en singular. Las formas posesivas utilizadas como adjetivos siempre preceden al nombre que modifican. sus Su.Inglés Básico • Not at all! Por nada Example: A: B: A: B: Can you lend me your pencil? Sure Thank you very much You’re welcome ¿Puedes prestarme tu lapiz? Seguro Muchísimas gracias De nada Pronouns / Pronombres Personal Pronouns (Pronombres Personales) I Yo You Tú / Usted He El She Ella It Eso (a) / Esto (a) We You They Nosotros (as) Ustedes Elllos / Ellas Possessives Adjectives (Adjetivos Posesivos) My Mi. y en plural se utiliza el pronombre personal They que es usado para personas. Plural Singular 12 . sus Our Your Their Nuestro Su. sus His Su. Además como todos los adjetivos en Inglés. tienen la misma forma en el singular y el plural. animales y cosas. sus Her Su. sus Its Su.

Mrs.Inglés Básico Example: • • • This is my apartment Mary is in her house John is in his car Este es mi apartamento María está en su casa José está en su carro Information Questions / Preguntas Informativas Information Questions Your What´s (what His Name? is) her My His Her Answers / Respuestas Alice name´s (name is) Juan Marlene Vocabulary / Vocabulario Circle Complete Come Come in Example Exercise Farewells Go Go out Greetings Listen Miss. Speak Point Círculo Completar Venir Entrar Ejemplo Ejercicio Despedidas Ir Salir Saludos Escuchar Señorita Señora Señor Hablar Señalar 13 . Mr.

Inglés Básico Read Use Verbs Write Leer Utilizar / Usar Verbos Escribir Cardinal Numbers from 0 to 10 / Números cardinales de 0 a 10 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Zero One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Cero Uno Dos Tres Cuatro Cinco Seis Siete Ocho Nueve Diez 14 .

Use greeting and good bye expressions.Hi. teacher. Good ______________. read and practice / Escuche. lea y practique .Inglés Básico Exercise 1 Listen. 15 . Utilice expresiones de Saludos y Despedidas. A: B: A: B: A: B: ___________________ evening. Complete este diálogo. Good _______________.Hello. Marlene. ___________________ are you? Fine.Hi. How do you do?.Hello. López. _______________ and you? ____________________ thank you. Mr. students. . Rojas. students. I’m Marlene . My name is Dellys . Mr. Informal Greeting (Saludo Informal) Exercise 2 Written practice Formal Greeting (Saludo Formal) Complete this dialogue.

. Lima? . .Nice to meet you. this is Martin. Rojas this is Mr. Lima this is Mr. . Lima .How do you do Mr. Rojas. too. Nice to meet you.Mr. . .Martin. Marleny.Mr. Exercise 3 Read and practice / Lea y Practique. Rojas?.Hi. this is Marleny .How do you do Mr. Formal introduction Presentación Formal Informal introduction Presentación Informal Exercise 4 Complete the conversation with greetings / Complete la conversación con saludos. teacher.Marleny. Dellys: Alice: Alice Dellys Exercise 5 16 .Inglés Básico A: See ________ ________.

17 . Exercise 6 Write a dialogue greeting someone / Escriba un dialogo saludando a alguien.Inglés Básico Write a dialogue introducing someone / Escriba un dialogo presentando a alguien.

K. Excuse me. 18 . Can I use your pen? B. A. Thanks a lot Exercise 8 Read and practice / Lea y practique I’m sorry That’s all right Pardon me That’s O. Sorry.Inglés Básico Exercise 7 Read and practice / Lea y practique A. you may. you can’t Pardon me! May I use your dictionary? Yes.

Can I go out? . _________.Yes. _________. _________. you may . _________. Example: Mary is in her room Anibal is in __________ house We are in __________ classroom The children are in __________ School Exercise 11 Complete the numbers. / Lea y practique .Thanks . _________. you can Exercise 10 Fill in the blanks with the possessive adjectives / Llene los espacios en blanco con los posesivos adjetivos.Yes. nine. six. _________.May I come in? . Complete los números One. two. 19 .Inglés Básico Exercise 9 Read and practice.

. Lima. Simón a) Thanks b) Hi. / Complete el diálogo con las siguientes expresiones. . Example: Hello. Lima: Dr. Castillo: (a) Good Morning (b) (c) Mr. Siga el ejemplo. Fidel. ? (d) B. Expressions: Thanks – Hi! – Good Morning – Thank you – How are you? Fine – I am very well Example / Ejemplo: Roberto Hi Fidel Hello Roberto: Fine. Greeting People / Saludando Personas Complete the dialogue with the next expressions. Underline the correct answer for each greeting / Subraye la respuesta correcta para cada saludo. How are you? Dialogue 1 Aura: Mario: (a) (c) . Dr. Antonio c) Thank you. Follow the example.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A. Thanks. Castillo. Roberto. Mario (b) (d) ? Dialogue 2 Dr. Castillo: Mr. and you 20 .

Inglés Básico 1) Good morning. thank (c) _______________. b) Hello c) Fine. Complete this dialogue with the greetings and farewell expressions. (b) _______________? I am very well. Miss Castro a) Thank you b) Good morning c) Hello. See you (f) _______________ Good (g) _______________ 21 . Campos! Good Afternoon Mr.K. and you? I am (d) _______________. Carlos 2) Hello Pedro a) Fine b) Thanks c) Hi. / Complete el diálogo con expresiones de saludos y despedidas. thanks C. Guzmán. A: B: A: B: A: B: Good (a) _______________Mr. (e) _______________. Rojas a) Thank you b) Good morning c) Good morning Mrs. OK. Mrs.K. c) Nice to meet you 5) Forgive me! a) Glad to meet you b) Thank you c) It’s all right 6) I’m very sorry! a) That’s O. Rojas 4) Sorry a) Thanks b) It’s O. Lucy 3) Good morning.

? _____________________________________________________________ E. _________. Example: I .use .I . Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A) Dialogue 1 a) Hi / Hello b) How are you c) Fine d) Thanks B) 1) 2) 3) b c b Dialogue 2 a) Good Morning b) How are you? c) I am very well d) Thank you 22 .your . _________.Inglés Básico D.Excuse .? _____________________________________________________________ c) your . _________.me .I .go .come . _________.May . _________.use . Write the numbers from one to ten / Escriba los números del uno al diez.can . _________ . _________./ Coloque en orden las palabras de abajo para hacer una pregunta.book .? _____________________________________________________________ b) Can .I . Put in order the words below to make a question.May .in .? Can I go in? a) in . _________. _________.pencil .

two. Greetings Introducing someone Accepting apologies Giving thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 23 . seven. ten Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten (10) lines dialogue using the following expressions / Escriba un diálogo de 10 líneas utilizando las siguientes expresiones. four. eight. nine. three. six. five.Inglés Básico 4) 5) 6) C) b c a a) Afternoon b) How are you? c) You d) Fine / Very well / OK / Pretty Good e) Thanks f) Later g) Bye D) a) May I come in? b) Excuse me Can I use your book? c) May I use your pencil? E) One.

Contenido • • Uso del verbo to Be en presente simple Elementos de la oración  Sujeto 24 .Inglés Básico ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Unidad II Verbo to Be (Presente Simple) Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en Inglés. en forma oral y escrita utilizando el verbo to be en presente simple.

(Ella es bella. a) • Alfabeto en Inglés Información de la unidad El verbo To Be (ser o estar) se presenta en las oraciones de las siguientes formas: am . Examples: I am a teacher.are .) You are a student. (Eso es bueno.) You are from Caracas. tal como sucede en castellano es de quien se habla en la oración. El adjetivo es el elemento que puede acompañar al sustantivo para describirlo o asignarle una cualidad.is en tiempo presente. (Yo soy un estudiante. El pronombre es el elemento de la oración que puede sustituir al nombre o sustantivo. (Ellos son jugadores.Inglés Básico  Pronombres  Sustantivos • Artículos  Definidos (the)  Indefinidos (an. El sujeto de la oración.) We are in the living room.) They are players. (Tu eres de Caracas. (Yo soy un profesor.) 25 . El sustantivo es el elemento referido a personas.) He is tall.) She is beautiful.) It is good. animales o cosas dentro de la oración. (El es alto. (Nosotros estamos en el recibo.

ejemplo: I am = I’m 26 .Inglés Básico Grammar / Gramática Personal Pronouns Pronombres Personales I You He She It We You They Plural Singular Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Am Are Is Is Is Are Are Are Contraction Contracciones I’m You’re He’s She’s It’s We’re You’re They’re Nota: El apóstrofe(‘) se utiliza para la contracción de los pronombres con el verbo to be.

femeninos o neutros: 27 . I am No. Yes. Sentences Structure / Estructura de la Oración I (Pronoun) Pronombre I (Pronoun) Pronombre She (Pronoun) Pronombre am (Verb) Verbo am (Verb) Verbo is (Verb) Verbo a (Article) Artículo from (Preposition) Preposición beautiful (Adjective) Adjetivo Student (Noun) Sustantivo Brazil (Noun) Sustantivo Los sustantivos en inglés pueden ser masculinos. it is No. they aren’t Example: • Are you single? Yes.Inglés Básico Questions with the Verb To Be / Preguntas con el Verbo Ser o Estar Yes. I am or No I’m not. she is No. no questions (Preguntas Si / No) • • • • • • Are you a student? Are you from Maracay? Is Jane an artist? Is Paul Tall? Is the class interesting? Are they friends? Possible answers (Posibles Respuestas) Yes. I’m from Caracas. I’m not. he isn’t Yes.

Inglés Básico • • • Son masculinos los nombres de varones y los de animales de sexo masculino Son femeninos los nombres de mujeres y los de animales de sexo femenino Son neutros los nombres de objetos inanimados El género de los sustantivos no afecta ni al artículo ni al adjetivo que los acompañan. Por ejemplo: • • The red car The red cars El carro rojo Los carros rojos Pero en cambio. "sh". ya que estos no varían de forma. It is big El carro es grande Este es grande El plural de los sustantivos se forma añadiendo "s" a la forma singular: • • Cat Dog – – Cats Dogs Gato Perro – – Gatos Perros Pero si el sustantivo finaliza en "o". si hay que tener en cuenta el género del sustantivo a la hora de sustituirlo por un pronombre personal: • • The boy is here The car is big He is here El niño está aquí Él está aquí. "x". para formar el plural hay que añadir "-es": • • Box Potato – – Boxes Potatoes Caja Papa – – Cajas Papas 28 . "ss". "ch".

tras una consonante.Inglés Básico Y si finaliza por "y". el plural se forma eliminando estas y añadiendo la terminación “ves” • • Wife Wolf – – Wives Wolves Esposa Lobo – – Esposas Lobos Algunas palabras en inglés tan sólo tienen la forma plural: • • • Pants Scissors Glasses Pantalones Tijeras Lentes Otras. tan sólo tienen forma singular: • • • • Beauty Oil Gold Fish Belleza Petróleo Oro Pescado 29 . el plural se forma eliminando esta "y" y añadiendo la terminación "-ies": • • Copy Lady – – Copies Ladies Copia Dama – – Copias Damas Cuando el sustantivo termina en “-f” o “-fe”. en cambio.

las” para personas o cosas específicas. Se utiliza “a” antes de un sustantivo que inicie en consonante. Por ejemplo: 30 . Por ejemplo: • Ana is a teacher Ana es una profesora Se utiliza “an” antes de un sustantivo que inicie con una vocal o una letra con sonido semivocálico. una” para personas o cosas en general. Por ejemplo: • Ana is the teacher in that school Ana es la profesora en esa escuela Indefinite Article El artículo indefinido en Inglés está representado por “a” o “an”. A continuación se listan algunos de ellos: • • • • • • • Man Woman Tooth Foot Mouse Child Goose – – – – – – – Men Women Teeth Feet Mice Children Geese Hombre Mujer Diente Pie Ratón Niño Ganso – – – – – – – Hombres Mujeres Dientes Pies Ratones Niños Gansos Articles / Artículos Definite Article / Artículo Definido En inglés se utiliza el Artículo The como el equivalente en español de “El. los. la.Inglés Básico Existen también algunos plurales que son irregulares. ambas significan en castellano “un.

Inglés Básico • Jose is an engineer José es un ingeniero The Alphabet / El Alfabeto Capital Letters and Small Letters / Letras Mayúsculas y Letras Minúsculas Aa Kk Uu Bb Ll Vv Cc Mm Ww Dd Nn Xx Ee Oo Yy Ff Pp Zz Gg Qq Hh Rr Ii Ss Jj Tt 31 .

Utilice el Artículo Definido o Indefinido. Fernando and Isabel ________________ doctors. 3. 2.Inglés Básico EXERCISES / EJERCICIOS Exercise 1 Complete the sentences with the Verb To Be in Simple Present. Complete las oraciones. 4. Caracas ________________ a big City Pedro and I ________________ Venezuelans John ________________ a good student Exercise 2 Complete the sentences using the personal pronouns. Complete las oraciones utilizando los pronombres personales. 2. 4. Complete las oraciones con el Verbo Ser o Estar en Presente Simple. Use the Definite or Indefinite article. They ________________ from Venezuela. 3. (The Dog) (Mary and I) (Juan) __She__ is a beautiful girl ________________ are good friends ________________ is a nice animal ________________ are neighbors ________________ is my friend (Rose and Helen) Exercise 3 Complete the sentences. 32 . Example: Rosita is _______is_________ an excellent engineer. Example: (Maria) 1. 1.

6. 4. 3. John is ________________ actor. 33 . He’s a teacher. a g m s y b h n t z c i o u d j p v e k q w f l r x Exercise 5 Practice the dialogue. Peter is ________________ Doctor at the Central Hospital. 5. ________________ Supervisor is Pedro Diaz. He’s ________________ man. ________________ Secretaries in my company are beautiful.Inglés Básico Example: Jane is __a__ nurse 1. 2. John is from ________________ United States Alfred is ________________ engineer Exercise 4 Practice the alphabet orally. Practique el dialogo. 7. Practique el alfabeto de forma oral.

v . B. B. please? Pedro Yanez Can you spell your name? Y .a .a .e . A. A. B.z And your first name? P . That’s right 34 .d -r . A.e .Inglés Básico A. B. Practique el dialogo.r? Yes. What’s your name. A.n .o Exercise 6 Practice the dialogue. B. please? José Tovar T . What’s your name.o .

Inglés Básico Vocabulary / Vocabulario Adjectives Bad Beautiful Big Doctor Engineer Fat Good Married Last name Name Nurse Occupations Of Course Second name Secretary Short Single Small Student Tall Teacher Thin Ugly Adjetivos Malo (a) Hermoso (a) Grande Doctor (a) Ingeniero (a) Gordo (a) Bueno (a) Casado (a) Apellido Enfermero Nombre Ocupaciones Por supuesto Segundo nombre Secretaria (o) Bajo (a) Soltero (a) Pequeño (a) Estudiante Alto (a) Profesor(a) Delgado (a) Feo (a) Cardinal Numbers from 11 to 20 / Números cardinales de 11 a 20 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Eleven Twelve Thirteen Fourteen Fifteen Sixteen Seventeen Eighteen Nineteen Twenty Doce Trece Catorce Quince Dieciseis Diecisiete Dieciocho Diecinueve Veinte Once 35 .

Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A. Is this the English Language school? Yes. Complete the dialogue. Example: Mr. B. ____________________. Example: (Peter / tall) 1. Is Peter tall? Yes. We are about 25 people in class 36 . he is ? ? ? ? (Lucia / beautiful Yes. Ask and answer. (You and I / friends) Yes. please Of course ____________________ the class small? No. Complete el dialogo. Follow the example / Pregunte y responda. (Joseph / tall ) No. (Cindy and John / young) No. May I help you? I like some. Use the correct form of the Verb to Be and the personal pronoun where necessary. 2. Lares isn’t a bad singer He’s a good singer Alex: Betty: Alex: Betty: Alex: Betty: Hello. information about your program. Siga el ejemplo. 3. Utilice la forma correcta del Verbo ser o estar y el Pronombre personal donde sea necesario. 4. ____________________.

They are excellent teachers Thank you very much Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación 37 .Inglés Básico Alex: Betty: Alex: ____________________ the teachers experienced? Yes. ____________________.

we are 2. Is Lucia beautiful? 3. Are we friends? B. Are Cindy and John young? No.Inglés Básico A. Betty: Alex: Betty: Alex: Betty: It is (it’s) is We aren’t Are They are Yes. she is No. they aren’t Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 38 . Is Joseph tall? 4. 1. he isn’t Yes.

estructuras que indiquen existencia y cantidad en tiempo presente. Escriba un párrafo y describa algunos miembros de su vecindario. de forma oral y escrita. 39 . ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Unidad III Estructuras que expresan existencia y cantidad Objetivo Terminal  Expresar en inglés.Inglés Básico Write a paragraph and describe some members of your neighborhood.

there are  Estructuras interrogativas  Estructuras afirmativas  Estructuras negativas  Respuestas cortas y largas • • Uso del how many. en plural. el aire. es decir en singular. la comida e igualmente para preguntar por el precio o costo de algo. es decir. por ejemplo: 40 . animal o cosa. por ejemplo: There are three pencils on the desk (Hay tres lápices sobre el escritorio). How much es utilizado para determinar la cantidad en singular de cosas que no pueden ser contadas como el agua. animal o cosa. There is se usa cuando queremos expresar la existencia de una sola persona. estas son: there is y there are.Inglés Básico Contenido • Uso del there is. There are se utiliza cuando se desea expresar la existencia de más de una persona. how much Adverbios de cantidad  Contables  No contables • Preposiciones Información de la unidad En inglés existen formas de decir hay. por Ejemplo: There is a book on the table (Hay un libro sobre la mesa). Para preguntar acerca de cantidades y valor se utilizan las estructuras de How many y How much.

animales.Inglés Básico How much water is there in the glass? (¿Cuánta agua hay en el vaso?) How much is this cheese sandwich? (¿Cuánto es este sándwich de queso?) How many es utilizado para preguntar por cantidades en plural (personas. cosas). por ejemplo: How many chairs are there in the classroom? (¿Cuántas sillas hay en el salón de clase?) 41 .

Is there any milk? Sustantivos Contables There are some lemons. There aren’t any eggs. there are No. There isn’t any chicken. there aren’t Countable Nouns (contables) Singular Plural a tomato Tomatoes a can of soup cans of soup a chair Chairs one book Books Some / any Countable Nouns Affirmative Negative Interrogative Uncountable Nouns (no contables) cream sugar coffee water Juice Uncountable Nouns Sustantivos Incontables There’s some orange juice. Are there any sandwiches? How much? / How many? Countable Nouns Uncountable Nouns How many apples are there on the How much sugar is there in the table? Prepositions / Preposiciones cup? 42 .Inglés Básico Grammar / Gramática There is / There are Affirmative Negative Interrogative Short Answers Singular There is There isn’t Is there? Yes. There isn’t Plural There are There aren’t Are there? Yes. There is No.

too? 43 . a un lado de) The students are in the classroom. dentro de) Examples: - on (en. There’s some flour in the cupboard Yes. I think there are three eggs in the fridge There aren’t any lemons. The man is at the door. sorry. sobre de) at (en. there is. We need two hundred grams of flour Alice: Alice: Alice: Marlene. Preparing food / Preparando comida Exercise 1 Read and practice the conversation. Oh. There’s some milk and some butter in the fridge too Right. Lea y practique la conversación Marlene: OK. Marlene: Are there any eggs? Marlene: Are there any lemons there. Oh no! There isn’t any sugar! Yes. It’s on the table. there is one OK. The book is on the table.Inglés Básico in (en. Alice: Marlene: Exercise 2 Yes.

There isn’t any coffee ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Exercise 3 Write There’s Example: There are two knives in the kitchen.Inglés Básico Look at the picture above and make ten negative and affirmative sentences about it. Escriba There’s o There are 44 . Example: There’s some milk. Vea la figura de abajo y haga diez oraciones negativas y afirmativas acerca de ella. or There are.

luego responda a las preguntas. two oranges in the box. What is there in the picture? Example: There is a digital camera in the picture. There are books in the picture. two suitcases on the floor. then answer the question.Inglés Básico 123456789Exercise 4 a new camera on the table. two telephones on the desk. Look at the picture. a big clock on the wall. six people in the family. three books on the shelf. a big television in the room. five CDs in the CD player. Vea la foto. 1234- 45 .

Inglés Básico Exercise 5 Look at the picture. ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ Exercise 6 46 . and then write a list of the things in it. Vea la foto. luego escriba una lista de cosas en ella.

Continue with the rest of the things / Continúe con el resto de las cosas. there is a computer on my list. (Utilice la lista del ejercicio 5) Example: Is there a computer on your list? Yes. Exercise Nº 7 Answer these questions. there isn’t a cow in the classroom 1. Pregunte y responda a las preguntas Is there…? / Are there…?. There is a cow in the classroom No. Are there secretaries in that office? ________________________ ________________________ 47 . (Use the list from exercise 5). affirmative or negative. No.Inglés Básico Ask and answer the questions: Is there…? / Are there…?. there isn’t a computer on my list. Are there three doors in the house? 2. Responda a las preguntas afirmativa o negativamente Example: Is there a cow in the classroom? Yes.

Are there any sandwiches on the table? ________________________ 7. Is there any milk in the refrigerator? 5. How many bathrooms are there in your house? ___________________________________________________________ 48 . Is there any flour on the table? 8. Are there any horses in your house? Exercise 8 Complete with: How much or How many. Is there a lemon in the fridge? 9. Complete con Cuanto o Cuántos. Responda a las siguientes preguntas.Inglés Básico 3. How much sugar is there in your coffee? ___________________________________________________________ 2. Example: How many people are there in your family? There are five people in my family 1. Example: 1 2 3 4 How much sugar is there in your coffee? milk is there in the glass? cars are there in the garage? men are there in your house? money is there in your pocket? ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ Exercise 9 Answer the following questions. Is there a boy in your house? 4. Are there any lemons in the fridge? ________________________ ________________________ ________________________ 6.

How much coffee is there in your cup? ___________________________________________________________ 4. How many children are there in that school? ___________________________________________________________ Vocabulary / Vocabulario 49 .Inglés Básico 3.

ningunos (as) Manzana En Baño Grande Caraotas Libro Caja Pan Desayuno Racimo de uvas Mantequilla Cámara Lata Zanahoria Disco Compacto Equipo de sonido con CD Silla Pollo Reloj de pared Café Crema Taza Gabinete Escritorio Cena Plato Huevo Familia Piso Harina Refrigerador Tajada Fruta Lentes. dentro de Jugo Cocina Cuchillo Limón Almuerzo 50 .Inglés Básico Any Apple At Bathroom Big Black beans Book Box Bread Breakfast Bunch of grapes Butter Camera Can Carrot CD CD player Chair Chicken Clock Coffee Cream Cup Cupboard Desk Dinner Dish Egg Family Floor Flour Fridge Fried banana Fruit Glasses Grams House How much? In Juice Kitchen Knife Lemon Lunch Ninguno (a). espejuelos Gramos Casa Cuánto? Cuánta? En.

Inglés Básico Meat Microwave Milk Mushroom Notebook Office On Orange Orange juice Papaya People Picture Plate Potato Rice Salad Sandwich School Scramble eggs Shelf Some Soup Spoon Sugar Suitcase Table Telephone Television Tomato Water Carne Microondas Leche Champiñones. hongos Cuaderno Oficina Sobre de Naranja Jugo de naranja Lechosa Gente. foto Plato Papa Arroz Ensalada Emparedado Escuela Huevos revueltos Estante Alguno (a). personas. población Cuadro. algunos (a) Sopa Cucharilla Azúcar Maleta Mesa Teléfono Televisión Tomate Agua 51 .

Inglés Básico Numbers / Números Thirty Forty Fifty Sixty Seventy Eighty Ninety One Hundred One Thousand Ten Thousand One Hundred Thousand One Million Treinta Cuarenta Cincuenta Sesenta Setenta Ochenta Noventa Cien Mil Diez Mil Cien Mil Un Millón 52 .

B. Look at the picture and write three questions / Vea la foto y escriba tres preguntas Breakfast / Desayuno Example : Is there any glass on the table? 1. 3. 2.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A. Is there any papaya juice for lunch? 53 . there isn’t any fruit on the table 1. Look at the picture and answer the following questions / Vea la foto y responda a las siguientes preguntas. Lunch / Almuerzo Example: Is there any fruit on the table? No.

Are there any black beans on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 5. Example: How much bread is there in the picture? There’s some bread in the picture 54 . Is there any lettuce on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 6. Is there any chicken on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 3. Is there any salad on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 4. Is there any carrot on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 8. Is there any corn flakes for lunch? ________________________________________________________ C. Is there any bread on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 9.Inglés Básico ________________________________________________________ 2. Look at the picture and answer the questions / Vea la foto y responda las siguientes preguntas. Are there any potatoes on the plate? ________________________________________________________ 7.

Inglés Básico 1. How many tomatoes are there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 3. How much meat is there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 4. How much cheese is there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 2. How many potatoes are there in the picture? ________________________________________________________ 55 .

6.Yes. C.There is some meat on the table.Yes.Is there any dish on the table? B.No.No. 2. there aren’t any black beans on the plate. 5.Are there any cookies on the table? 3.Is there any juice on the table? 2. 56 . 2. 7.There are two tomatoes in the picture.Inglés Básico Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A. 8. there isn’t any corn flake for lunch.No. 4. there is some salad on the plate. there isn’t any bread on the plate. there are some potatoes on the plate. there is some lettuce on the plate.Yes.Yes. 3. 1. 4.There are three potatoes in the picture. 9.No. 1. there is some carrot on the plate. there is some chicken on the plate.There is a piece of cheese in the picture. 1. 3.Yes. there isn’t any papaya juice for lunch.

(Escriba 15 oraciones negativas y afirmativas acerca del Hotel de Vacaciones.there aren’t.Cellular phone .Refrigerator .Beach -Bank 57 .there isn’t.Two restaurants .Inglés Básico Written Work / Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write 15 negative and affirmative sentences about The Vacation Hotel.A radio .A television .there isn’t. Utilice there is . there are .Gift shops .Four tennis court .CD Player and VCR .Golf fields .Swimming pool .Air conditioner At the hotel: . Use there is .there aren’t.) The Vacation Hotel In each room: .Bathroom . there are .Two beds .Two parking lots Other facilities / Otras Comodidades .

Días de la semana. lugares. oficina. cosas lugares y Objetivo Terminal  Describir en el idioma Inglés personas. cosas y lugares en forma oral y escrita. Información de la unidad En el idioma Inglés usamos adjetivos para dscribir personas. Posesivos (‘s). Contenido • • • • • • Descripción de la casa. ejemplo: 56 . ejemplo: Big (grande) Tall (alto) Blue ( azul) A diferencia del español. meses. Identificación de países. el salón de clases. personas. animals y cosas. nacionalidades.Inglés Básico Unidad IV Descripción de personas. Preguntas de información. los adjetivos va ubicados antes del sustantivo. idiomas. Relaciones familiares.

(Esta es una casa bella. (El carro de Miriam) Podemos observar mediante el ejemplo que el sustantivo va en primer lugar y lo que se posee en segundo lugar. ejemplo: Luis’ dog. ejemplo: Miriam’s car. ya que su omisión cambiaría totalmente el significado de la misma. ( Miriam es una estudiante. (El perro de Luis. este se agrega al sustantivo. ejemplo: María is intelligent. Ejemplo: Where are you? ( Donde estas?) Where are you from? (¿De donde eres?) El posesivo (‘s) es usado para indicar pertenencia.) 57 . Es importante no confundir el posesivo (‘s) con la contracción del verbo to be.) También pueden ir ubicados después del verbo.) Para indagar la procedencia de las personas se pregunta Where are you from? (¿De donde eres?) es muy importante que se use la preposición from en es6a presgunta. (María es inteligente. Miriam’s students (Los estudiantes de Miriam) Por otra parte si el sustantivo termina en “s” solo agregamos el apóstrofe (‘s). ejemplo: Miriam’s a student. al final de una oración. (El salón de clase de los estudiantes.Inglés Básico This is a beautiful house.) The students’ classrrom.

que se usan para obtener una información determinada.Inglés Básico Existen en Inglés las llamadas preguntas de información. 58 . ejemplo: a) What is your name? (¿Cuál es tu nombre?) Josefina. b) How are you? (¿Como estás?) Fine.

Inglés Básico Grammar / Gramática Adjectives / Adjetivos Questions / Preguntas What ‘s is are it they Like? Answers / Respuestas It They ‘s is ‘re are beautiful big fast blue new Ejemplo: It’s big. (Este es un carro grande.) Nota: Observe que los adjetivos en Inglés no tienen formas plurales. 59 .) They’re big cars. (Ellos son carros grandes. Questions / Preguntas What color is it? are they? Answers / Respuestas It They ‘s is ‘re are red. (Esto es grande.) They’re big. (Ellos son grandes. etc. yellow.) It’s a big car. green.

Inglés Básico Questions / Preguntas What kind is it? are they? Answers / Respuestas It They ‘s ‘re a Corvette Corvettes Nationality Nacionalidad Venezuelan Colombian Brazilian Cuban Portuguese British American / Language / Idioma Country / País Venezuela Colombia Brazil Cuba Portugal England The United States Adjectives / Adjetivos Colors / Colores White Black Orange Green Yellow Gray Red Pink Blue Gold Silver Purple Brown Spanish Spanish Portuguese Spanish Portuguese English English Blanco Negro Anaranjado Verde Amarillo Gris Rojo Rosado Azul Dorado Plateado Morado Marrón Other adjectives / Otros adjetivos 60 .

Inglés Básico Short Long High Beautiful Ugly Fast New Old Bajo / corto Largo Alto Bello Feo Rápido Nuevo viejo Parts of a house / Partes de una casa Bedroom Living room Bathroom Kitchen Dinning room Habitación Sala o recibo Baño Cocina Comedor Classroom / Salón de clases Students Board Desk Teacher Marker Eraser Book Notebook Workbook File Paper Dictionary Pencil Pen Air conditioner Estudiantes Pizarra Escritorio Profesor Marcador Borrador Libro Cuaderno Llibro de tarea Carpeta Papel Dicionario Lápiz Bolígrafo Acondicionador de aire Possesives / Posesivos 61 .

62 . Patty is Robert and Ana ’s daughter. Nota: ver significado de las palabras subrayadas en el vocabulario. Ana is his aunt and Robert is his uncle. Carlos is Peter’s brother and Kelly is his sister. José is his grandfather. David is his father and Miriam is his mother. My birthday is in July. She is Peter’s cousin. I’m at home. Cristina is his grandmother. Robert is Ana’s husband. Ana is Robert’s wife. Questions words / Palabras interrogativas What (¿Qué o cual?) When (¿Cuándo?) Where (¿Dónde?) What’s your name? When’s your birthday? Where are you? My name is Miriam.Inglés Básico Peter’s family José & Cristina Robert Ana David Miriam Patty Carlos Peter Kelly This is Peter’s family. David and Miriam are his parents.

Fine. thanks Days of the week / Días de la semana Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Domingo Lunes Martes Miércoles Jueves Viernes Sábado Months of the year / Meses del año January February March April Enero Febrero Marzo Abril 63 .Inglés Básico Who (¿Quién?) How (¿Cómo?) Who is your mother? How are you? Cristina.

They are big. The kitchen is small. There are 3 bedrooms.Inglés Básico May June July August September October November December Mayo Junio Julio Agosto Septiembre Octubre Noviembre Diciembre Exercise 1 Write a short paragraph about your house. It′s a beautiful house. Example: My house is big. _____________________________________________________________ 64 . There are 7 chairs in the living room.

and you? A: I′m from Venezuela 65 . Our office is big. There′s a computer and 1 file. the file is brown. Exercise 3 Practice the dialogues 1) A: Where are you from? B: I′m from India.Inglés Básico _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Exercise 2 Read the following paragraph and identify the adjectives that describe the office and the classroom. 2. There are two pictures. 1. How is your classroom? (Describe your classroom). They are very beautiful. There are four small desks and two chairs.

Almost three quarters of the population are of British ancestry. we are A: And the Garcías?. The food in Vancouver is varied and delicious. Are you from la Habana? B: Yes. Where is Vancouver? ________________________________________________________ Is Canada a city? ________________________________________________________ Is Vancouver on the Atlantic Ocean? ________________________________________________________ Is Vancouver a wonderful city? ________________________________________________________ Exercise 5 Write your family’s names.Inglés Básico 2) A: Where is Nancy from? B: She’s from Canada. It′s a nice place for a vacation. It′s on the pacific Ocean. It′s clean. 1. 3) A: Laura. 2. 3. where are you and Ricardo from? B: We′re from Cuba A: Oh.) Grandmother Grandfather Father __________________ __________________ __________________ 66 . Exercise 4 Read and answer the questions / Lea y responda las preguntas. B: They′re from Mexico. Vancouver is a city in Canada. The city is wonderful. (Escribe los nombres de tu familia. 4. Other ethnic groups are east Indians.

The girls are dancing.Inglés Básico Mother Brother Sister Daughter Aunt Niece Nephew Uncle Exercise 6 __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ Underline the possessives in the following sentences. 6. 1. 4. The dogs’ food is on the table. The girls’ cousin are Fred and Tom. Vocabulary / Vocabulario 67 . Mary’s twenty years old. 2. The dogs are in the garage. 3. 5. Example: Pedro’s mother is a writer. Pedro is with his dog.

6th. 9th. 2nd. 8th. Reunión País/campo Asiento Avenida Calle Fiesta Cumpleaños Teléfono Ciudad Ancestro Lugar Cita Esposo Esposa Hijo Hija Hermano Hermana Abuelo Abuela Tío Tía Primo Sobrina Sobrino First (primero) Second (segundo) Third (tercero) Fourth (cuarto) Fifth (quinto) Sixth (sexto) Seventh (séptimo) Eighth (octavo) Ninth (noveno) Tenth (décimo) Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación 68 . 5th. 10th. 3rd. 7th.Inglés Básico Meeting Country Seat Avenue Street Party Birthday Phone City Ancestry Place Appointment Husband Wife Son Daughter Brother Sister Grandfather Grandmother Uncle Aunt Cousin Niece Nephew Ordinal numbers 1st. 4th.

) Example: My brother’s mother is my uncle. 3. 1. 2. is the month with less days. 2. (Complete las siguientes orcaiones. we celebrate Christmas. (Complete las oraciones usando el vocabulario de meses y días de la semana.Inglés Básico Part I Complete the sentences using the vocabulary about months and days of the week. 4. 3. Complete the following sentences. Part II ____________ ____________ In __________ is after March.) Example: The first day of the week is Monday. 4. 1. My mother’s father is my My father’s brother is my My aunt’s daughter are my My father and mother are my _______________ _______________ _______________ _______________ Part III 69 . ____________ and ____________ are the days of the weekend.

4. (Julio) friends are nice (The boys) birthday is tomorrow (Luis) plate is clean (The dogs) Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación 70 . Use the noun in parenthesis. His language is Spanish. _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ _____________ car is beautiful. Sussy’s language is English. Use las palabras que se encuentran en el recuadro de abajo. 5.) Example: Hugo is from Venezuela. Use the words in the box below. Use el sustantivo en paréntesis.Inglés Básico Complete these sentences with the correct word. (Miriam) 1. Brazil – Spanish – Japan – Mexico – Venezuelan – England – Japanese 1. 2. (My father) house is big.) Example: Miriam’s students are intelligents. She is from Yokosuna is from Hideo Nomo’s language is ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Joao is from ____________. Part IV Complete the sentences with the possessive (‘s). His language is Portuguese. 4. (Complete las oraciones con el posesivo. 3. (Complete estas oraciones con la palabra correcta. 2. 3.

3. 2. 2. 3. 5.Inglés Básico Part I 1. 3. 4. My father’s Julio’s The boys’ Luis’ Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 71 . 4. 4. 2. Mother Grandfather Uncle Cousins Parents April February December Saturday – Sunday Part III 1. 4. 3. England Japan Japanese Brazil Part IV 1. 2. Part II 1.

Describe your house.) 2. (Describe tu casa) 72 .Inglés Básico 1. Use adjetivos. Describe a classroom. Use adjectives. (Describe un salón de clases.

El Presente Participio también es llamado gerundio (ing). “-ando. utilizando el presente continuo. en forma oral y escrita. El gerundio en Castellano equivale a la terminación “-endo”. El “-ing” se forma agregando la partícula ing en la terminación de cada verbo. Contenido • Uso del Tiempo Presente Continuo  Estructuras afirmativas  Estructuras negativas  Estructuras interrogativas  Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas y Negativas  Respuestas Largas Afirmativas y negativas • La hora Información de la Unidad El presente continuo se forma con el verbo to be + el presente participio del verbo principal de la oración (verbo + ing).Inglés Básico Unidad V Presente Continuo Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en inglés. Ejemplo: Work / Working Read / Reading (Trabajar / Trabajando) (Leer / Leyendo) 73 .

It’s four twenty. It’s ten after three. It’s ten to five. se dice: Otras: It’s ten past three. It’s half after four. It’s a quarter to five. ( 04:45 ) ( 04:30 ) ( 04:30 ) Cuando faltan 15 minutos para la hora. ( 01:00 ) ( 04:45 ) Cuando es la hora y media. It’s fifteen minutes to five. It’s four forty five. ( 04:45 ) ( 04:45 ) ( 04:45 ) Cuando faltan minutos para la hora. podemos utilizar las siguientes preguntas: What time is it? What’s the time? Y para responder a estas dos preguntas utilizamos la expresión: It’s one o’clock. It’s four forty. ( 03:10 ) ( 03:10 ) ( 04:20 ) ( 04:20 ) It’s twenty to five. ( 4:40 ) ( 4:40 ) ( 4:50 ) 74 . It’s twenty past four. se dice: It’s half past four. se dice: It’s a quarter to five.Inglés Básico Cuando queremos preguntar la hora en Inglés. It’s four thirty.

are. are. is) + Not + Verb (-ing) Examples / Ejemplos: Subject I Peter We Verb To Be am isn’t aren’t Negative (Negación) Gerund reading watching having Complement a book T.Inglés Básico GRAMMAR Present Continuos Tense / Presente Continuo Afirmative Structures / Estructuras Afirmativas Subject + To Be + (Am. is) Verb (-ing) Examples / Ejemplos: Subject (Sujeto) Verb To Be (Verbo ser o estar) Gerund (Gerundio) Complement (Complemento) I Peter We am is are reading watching having a book T. lunch Negative Structures / Estructuras Negativas Subject + To Be (Am.V. lunch not Interrogative Structures / Estructuras Interrogativas To Be + (Am.V. is) Subject + Verb (-ing) + Complement + ? 75 . are.

Yes. + Subject + To Be (Am. lunch ? ? ? ? Affirmative Short Answers / Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas Yes. Subject Sujeto I He We Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar am is are Negative Short Answers / Respuestas Cortas Afirmativas No. No. are. + Subject + To Be (Am. No. is) + not Examples / Ejemplos: Affirmative Afirmación No.Inglés Básico Examples / Ejemplos: Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Are Is Are Subject Sujeto you Peter we Gerund Gerundio reading watching having Complement Complemento a book T. are. is) Examples / Ejemplos: Affirmative Afirmación Yes.V. Subject Sujeto I He We Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar am not isn’t aren’t 76 . Yes.

Question + To Be + Subject (Am. entonces esta consonante final se dobla: To cut (cortar) To sit (sentarse) cutting sitting 77 . (Estoy estudiando en el INCE) Verb To Be Verbo Ser o Estar Are Is am Subject Sujeto you Peter I Gerund Gerundio reading playing leaving ? ? ? ? My father is working now. esta letra desaparece delante de "-ing": To come (venir) To write (escribir) coming writing Si el verbo tiene una sola sílaba. is) + Verb (-ing) + ? Examples / Ejemplos: Wh-Question Pregunta WhWhat Where When Examples / Ejemplos • • • I am studying at INCE.Inglés Básico Information Questions / Preguntas Informativas Wh. (Mi padre está trabajando ahora) We are speaking English clase) in class. (Estamos hablando Inglés en El gerundio es formado añadiendo la terminación "-ing" al infinitivo: To listen (escuchar) To hear (oir) listening hearing Si el verbo finaliza con una única "e". are. y ésta tiene una única vocal y finaliza en una única consonante.

y ésta última sílaba contiene una sola vocal y finaliza en una única consonante. (Si. ellos están leyendo un libro) 78 .Inglés Básico Si el verbo tiene dos o más silabas. con el acento sobre la última. esta consonante "l" se dobla: To cancel (cancelar) To impel (impulsar) cancelling impelling Si el verbo finaliza en "y". entonces esta consonante final también se dobla: To admit (admitir) To begin (empezar) admitting beginning Si el verbo termina por la consonante "l" detrás de una única vocal. they are reading a book. esta letra se mantiene y se le añade la terminación "-ing": To study (estudiar) To try (intentar) studying trying Read and practice these dialogues (Lea y practique estos diálogos) Are the children reading a book? (¿Están los niños leyendo un libro?) Yes.

He’s fixing the door. (Ellos están caminando en las calles) 79 . (El está trabajando) Is Juan closing the door? (¿Esta Juan cerrando la puerta?) No.Inglés Básico Is Juan working or playing? (¿Está Juan trabajando o jugando?) He is working. (No. he isn’t. el no. El está reparando la puerta) Where are Peter and Fred walking? (¿Donde están caminando Peter y Fred?) They’re walking in the streets.

(El está hablando a los estudiantes) . What’s he cooking? He’s cooking a barbecue.Anna: .Freddy: What’s your teacher doing? (¿Que está haciendo el profesor?) He’s talking to the students.Inglés Básico What’s Luis doing? He’s cooking. (¿Qué está estudiando tu hermano?) (El está estudiando matemáticas) 80 .Mary: What’s your brother studying? .Paul: He’s studying mathematics. (¿Que está haciendo Luis?) (El está cocinando) (¿Que está cocinando?) (El está cocinando una parrilla) .

Read and practice / Lea y Practique Are you working in the school? Yes. Is Robert drinking juice? No. I am not. I am working in the school. Are you eating a sandwich? No. she is answering the questions. she isn’t listening to music. Are you writing? Yes. he isn’t. Are you listening to the teacher? No. Is the man wearing jeans? Yes. She is. he is.Inglés Básico Read and practice / Lea y Practique Is Mary speaking with Ann? Yes. I am. we aren’t eating a sandwich Is Helen listening to music? No. Is Luisa answering the questions? Yes. 81 .

Is she playing tennis? b.Inglés Básico Exercises a. he is writing 1. Answer in affirmative form Example: Is the man writing? Yes. Are you coming to class? 3. he isn’t going home 1. Are the children playing trompo? 2. Answer in negative form Example: Is he going home? No. Is the teacher writing on the board? 2. Are they listening to the radio? 82 .

Inglés Básico 3. What are the children flying? (Kite) _____________________________________________________________ 2. Answer according with the word in parenthesis Example What’s the girl drinking? She’s drinking milk 1. What are you studying now? (English) _____________________________________________________________ 3. Are you speaking French? c. What is she playing? (Volleyball) (Milk) 83 .

beber comer reparar volar ir abrir jugar montar sentarse hablar pararse estudiar caminar ver. bebiendo Comiendo Reparando Volando Iendo Abriendo Playing Jugando Riding Montando Sitting down Sentándose Speaking Standing up Studying Walking Watching Wearing Working Writing Hablando Parándose Estudiando Caminando Observando Vistiendo Trabajando Escribiendo NOUNS OR SUSTANTIVES Board Child (Nombres o sustantivos) Pizarrón Niño 84 . observar llevar puesto trabajar escribir GERUND (Gerundio) answering closing Coming Doing drinking Eating Fixing Flying Going Opening Respondiendo Cerrando Viniendo Haciendo Tomando.Inglés Básico Vocabulary / Vocabulario VERBS ( Infinitive) (Verbos en Infinitivo) to answer to close to come to do to drink to eat to fix to fly to go to open to play to ride to sit down to speak to stand up to study to walk to watch to wear to work to write responder cerrar venir hacer tomar.

Inglés Básico Children Class Example Exercise Father Garage Garden Gerund Girl Home Jeans Kite Lesson Man Mango Men Mother Nouns Radio Sister Street (s) Student Tea Teacher Telephone TIME (La hora) O’clock To Half Quarter Watch Clock Midday / Noon Midnight Weekdays Weekend Full time Tomorrow The day after tomorrow Yesterday The day before yesterday Minutes Seconds Niños Clase Example Exercise Padre Garage Jardín Gerundio Muchacha Hogar Pantalón de Jean Papagayo Lección Hombre Mango Hombres Madre Sustantivos o nombres Radio Hermana Calle (s) Estudiante Té Profesor (a) Teléfono En punto Para Media Un cuarto Reloj de pulsera Reloj de pared Mediodía Medianoche Dias de la semana Fin de semana Tiempo completo Mañana Pasado mañana Ayer Antes de ayer Minutos Segundos 85 .

Inglés Básico 86 .

Vea la foto y responda las preguntas Example: Is the girl reading or writing? She’s writing 1.Inglés Básico Self . Are they talking or watching TV? _____________________________________ 87 . Are the children riding their bicycle or walking? _____________________________________ 2.evaluation / Autoevaluación Part I Look at the picture and answer the questions.

Are you answering the questions? _______________ ________________________ 88 . 1. he is studying the lesson. What is Susan doing? _____________________________________ Part II Answer in affirmative form Example: Is Ramon studying the lesson? Yes. What is the boy doing? _____________________________________ 4.Inglés Básico 3. Is the boy listening to the radio? _______________________________________ 3. Are the teachers speaking English? _______________________________________ 4. Is Alice opening her book? __________________________________________ 2.

Inglés Básico Part III Answer in negative form Example: Is he taking a test? No. 1. Example: Is the man reading a Spanish book? (English) No. 89 . Are you taking a test? ___________________________________ 2. Answer in negative form and describe the action with the word in parenthesis. Are they working now? __________________________________ Part IV Look at the picture. Is Pedro studying mathematics? ___________________________________ 3. he isn’t taking a test. He’s reading an English book. he isn’t. Is she sitting down? ___________________________________ 4.

Is he writing on the notebook? (board) _____________________________________ 90 . Are you playing golf? (fish) _____________________________________ 4.Inglés Básico 1. Is the old man playing? (speak) _____________________________________ 3. Are they working? (play) _____________________________________ 2.

1.) Example: What time is it? ( 4:20 ) It’s twenty past four.Inglés Básico Part V Write the time. 5. (Escriba la hora. 4. ( 05:45 ) ( 12:00 ) ( 02:10 ) ( 03.15 ) ( 08:30 ) __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ __________________________ 91 . 2. 3.

Part III 1. They’re watching T. They‘re playing.No. she isn’t sitting down. I’m fishing. 2. I am answering the questions. I am not taking a test. Part II 1.V.Yes. 2. they are speaking English. 3. he isn’t studying mathematics.Yes.No. He’s writing on the board. he is listening to the radio.No. Part IV 1.No. 4. 3. I am not. they aren’t. They are riding their bicycle. He’s riding in the street.No. he isn’t. 92 . 2. She’s reading a book. 4.Inglés Básico Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación Part I 1. he isn’t. 3. 2.No. they aren’t working now. 4. He’s speaking.No. 4.Yes.Yes.It’s a quarter to six. Part V 1. she is opening her book.No. 3.

5.It’s ten past / after two. 4.It’s a quarter past / after three.It’s twelve o’clock 3. 93 .It’s half past eight.Inglés Básico 2.

Inglés Básico Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Describe the picture above. Use the Present Continuous Tense Example: There are two men fishing _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 94 .

El auxiliar Do debe ser utilizado con los siguientes pronombres: I Do You We They 95 .Inglés Básico _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ Unidad VI Auxiliares Do. a excepción del verbo to be. son utilizados con diferentes pronombres y nos permiten interrogar o negar en presente simple con los verbos regulares e irregulares. afirmativas y negativas utilizando le tiempo presente simple y el verbo to have. Does y verbo to have Objetivo Terminal  Construir en Inglés oraciones interrogativas. Contenido  Uso de los auxiliares Do – Does  Uso del verbo to have  Adverbios de frecuencia  Likes and dislikes  Ocupaciones Información de la unidad Los auxiliares Do y Does.

(Yo estudio Inglés todos los días) Do you study English every day? (¿Tú estudias Inglés todo los días?) No. I don’t study English every day Y el auxiliar Does se utiliza con la terceras personas He Does She It Tenemos que destacar que el verbo principal de la oración debe estar en forma simple y cuando la oración está en tercera persona se le agrega al verbo principal la partícula “s” o “es”. ella no estudia Inglés todos Does she study English every day? los días) No. (Alice estudia Inglés todos los días) (¿Ella estudia Inglés todos los días?) (No. 96 . dependiendo del verbo.Inglés Básico Example: I study English every day. Example: Alice studies English every day. she doesn’t study English every day.

They. You. It es omitido en las oraciones afirmativas y se escribe el verbo en su forma simple conservando la siguiente estructura: Example a) They Sujeto (s) b) Mario Sujeto (s) play verbo (v) plays verbo (v) soccer on Sundays. complemento (c) soccer on Sundays. complemento (c) Nota: Con las terceras personas al verbo principal de la oración se le agrega una (s). We. así como el Does con los pronombres She.Inglés Básico GRAMMAR El auxiliar Do utilizado con los pronombres I. Uso del auxiliar Do I Do You We They Study English? Do Auxiliar You Subject / Sujeto Study Verb / verbo English? Complement / Complemento 97 . He.

Inglés Básico Sentences Changing to Questions (Cambio de oraciones afirmativas a preguntas) Examples You walk every day. they do. they play football every day Si. 98 . (Nosotros comemos en un restaurant) Do we eat in a restaurant? (¿Nosotros comemos en un restaurant?) Affirmative form (Oraciones afirmativas): Examples: • Do they play football every day? • (¿Ellos juegan football todos los días?) Yes. Yes. ellos juegan futbol todos los días. (Tu caminas a diario) Do you walk every day? (¿Tu caminas a diario?) We eat in a restaurant.

I do. I read History books. (Si. no leo libros de Historia) 99 . Yes. leo libros de Historia) Negative form (Oraciones negativas): Examples: • Do they play football every day? No. they don´t play football every day. (do not) No. I don´t. ellos no juegan futbol todos los días) • Do you read History books? No. they do not (don´t) No. I don´t read History books.Inglés Básico • • Do you read History books? (¿Lees libros de Historia?) Yes. (No. (No.

(El trabaja todos los días. (Yo estudio Inglés. Ejemplo: a) I study English.Does.) Do you study English? (¿Tu estudias Inglés?) b) He works everyday. seguimos el siguiente esquema: We Do They I You He Does She It En presencia del auxiliar Does en la oración interrogativa la (s) o (es) al final del verbo se omite.) Does he work everyday? (¿El trabaja todos los días?) Write books in English? Write books in English? Sentences Changing to interrogative form (Cambio de oraciones afirmativas a forma interrogative) Examples: I play the guitar. (Yo toco la guitarra) 100 .Inglés Básico Interrogative form: Para realizar formas interrogativas con los auxiliares Do .

she does. they eat fish. ellos comen) Yes. (Si. she writes in Spanish.Inglés Básico Do you play the guitar? (¿Tu tocas la guitarra?) She writes everyday. Yes. (Si ellos comen pescado) Does she write in Spanish? (Ella escribe en Español) Yes. ella escribe en Español) Negative form (Oraciones negativas): Examples: 101 . (Si. (Ella escribe todos los días) Does she write everyday? (¿Ella escribe todos los días?) He works every day. (El trabaja todos los días) Does he work every day? (¿El trabaja todos los días?) Affirmative form (Oraciones afirmativas): Examples: Do they eat fish? (¿Ellos comen pescado?) Yes. they do.

(No. OCCUPATIONS / OCUPACIONES 102 . ella no limpia la casa todos los Sábados) Does he clean the room? (¿El limpia la habitación?) No. (No. (does not) No. (No. yo no. ( No. I don’t read the newspaper. I don’t. she doesn´t (does not) No. Express Dislikes (Expresar lo que no nos gusta)  Jhon doesn’t like to watch TV.  We don’t like to eat fish. they don’t. (No.  They don’t like to speak in class.Inglés Básico Do they study English? (¿Ellos estudian Inglés?) No. el no limpia la habitación) We can use these expressions to Express Likes and Dislikes (Podemos usar estas expresiones para decir lo que nos gusta o disgusta)  I like to dance Merengue Express Likes (Expresar gustos)  We like to study on weekends  She likes to work in the morning  She doesn’t like to play tennis. yo no leo el periódico) Does she clean the house every Saturday? (¿Ella limpia la casa todos los Sábados?) No. (No ellos no. ellos no estudian Inglés) Do you read the newspaper? (¿Tu lees el periódico?) No. she doesn´t clean the house every Saturday. he doesn´t clean the room.) No.) No. they don’t study English. he doesn´t.

Inglés Básico En Inglés al igual que en Español existe una gama de ocupaciones. Profesor (a) Estudiante Dentista Doctor Enfermera Contador Abogado Mesonero Mesonera Actriz Ingeniero Mecánico Arquitecto Ama de casa Cajero Gerente Carnicero Panadero granjero 103 . Robert is an accountant. entre las cuales tenemos: Teacher Student Dentist Doctor Nurse Accountant Lawyer Waiter Waitress Actress Engineer Mechanic Architect Housewife Cashier Manager Butcher Baker Farmer Ejemplo: Sara is a lawyer.

Inglés Básico Nota: Es necesario colocar el artículo indeterminado o indefinido ( a / an ) antes de una ocupación.  He often studies English. y en el tiempo presente simple se utiliza para expresar posesión (tener). (También usamos el presente simple para hablar acerca de las cosas que pasan repetidamente) always I / We / They usually often sometimes study English play soccer He / she / it Rarely Never studies French plays volleyball Examples:  I always study English. VERBO TO HAVE / VERBO TENER En el idioma Inglés el verbo to have se considera como un verbo irregular. Simple Present / Presente Simple We also use the present simple to talk about things that happen repeatedly.  They sometimes play volleyball. En el tiempo presente simple el verbo to have presenta las siguientes conjugaciones: 104 .  She usually plays Volleyball.

(Yo tengo un perro) Mary has three sisters. 105 . (Mary tiene tres hermanas) Negative form (Forma negativa) Se debe utilizar el auxiliar Do – Does en forma negativa Do not / Don’t o Does not / doesn’t y el to have debe ser expresada en su forma básica (have).Inglés Básico Affirmative form (Forma afirmativa) I You We They have He She It has Ejemplo: I have a dog. I You We They Do not have Don’t have He She It Does not have Doesn’t have Ejemplo: I don’t have problems.

Inglés Básico - Miriam doesn’t have problems.Question words. ( Palabras interrogatives WH) What? Where? Who? Why? When? ¿Que o cual? ¿Donde? ¿Quien? ¿Por qué? ¿Cuando? Yes / No questions ( Preguntas Si / No) Para formular estas preguntas debemos seguir el siguiente patrón: 106 . WH . Interrogative form / Forma interrogative Debemos recordar que existen dos tipos de preguntas: a) Information question / Preguntas de información WH – Question + auxiliar + subjetc + have + complement ? Palabra interrogativa + auxiliar + sujeto + have + complemento ? Ejemplo : What do you have in your pocket ? I have money in my pocket.

they don’t have classes. ( Si. 107 .No. (Respuesta corta afirmativa/negativa) . they don’t (No. they have classes. ellos no tienen clases) Examples:  I have a pencil Do I have a pencil? We have a teacher Do we have a teacher? Alice has a car Does She have a car? Carlos has a house Does he have a house?    Exercises Exercise 1 a. Answer the following questions in affirmative and negative form. (Respuesta larga afirmativa) . (Si. ( No. ellos tienen clases) .Yes.Inglés Básico Auxiliar Do / Does + subject + have + complement? (Auxiliar Do / Does + sujeto + have + complemento?) Ejemplo: Question (Pregunta) . ellos si) . ellos no) Long affirmative answer. they do.Yes.Do Peter and Henry have classes? (¿Peter y Henry tienen clases?) Short affirmative/negative answer.No.

3. 1. No.Inglés Básico Example: Do you watch T. I watch T. 2. Exercise 2 Complete the sentences with Do or Does. Write 3 sentences and change to interrogative form . every Sunday? Yes.V every Sunday. Complete these sentences wiht Do – Does Jackie study French? We have classes everyday? The cat eat cheese? They clean the garage? c. ________ Mr. Lander and his wife write a letter to his son? 108 .V. I don’t watch T. Does he dance Joropo music? 2.V every Sunday. 1. 1. ________ people eat breakfast at 7:30? 3. ________ she go to the movies everyday? 2. Do they read in English? b.

Example: I have coffee in the morning (always) I always have coffee in the morning. c. Do you have a cat? a. (Subraye el verbo correcto) 109 . Heleny has a sister. 1. We watch a movie on TV (seldom) _____________________________________________________________ 4.I am at work at 7:30 (usually) _____________________________________________________________ Exercise 4 Change to interrogative sentence. He goes shopping (sometimes) _____________________________________________________________ 3. Exercise 5 Underline the correct verb in parenthesis. Wilfredo has a ball. Her husband walks in the afternoon (often) _____________________________________________________________ 2.. using the adverb in parenthesis.Inglés Básico Exercise 3 Rewrite the sentences. (Cambie a la forma interrogativa) Example: You have a cat. We are in bed before 12 (never) _____________________________________________________________ 5. I have a bicycle b.

The dog (have – has) a bone. I have a notebook.Inglés Básico Example: My mother (have – has) a house 1. (Responda las siguientes preguntas. No. Belkis (have – has) two boys. 2. Give affirmative and negative long answers. Does Sonia have black eyes? 110 . Do we have a class? 3. Use respuestas largas afirmativas y negativas) Example: Do you have a notebook? Yes. Exercise 6 Answer the following Questions. I don’t have a notebook 1. 3. They (have – has) many students. Does Aquiles have a horse? 2.

Inglés Básico Vocabulary Alone Also Always Bone Book Boy Change Clean Dance Eat Every day Friends Go Horse House Love Notebook Often Play Pocket Preference Put Read Say Sometimes Study Thing Usually Walk Wallet Solo También Siempre Hueso Libro Muchacho / niño Cambiar Limpiar Bailar Comer Todos los días Amigos (as) Ir Caballo Casa Amar Cuaderno Frecuentemente Jugar Bolsillo Preferencia Colocar Leer Decir Algunas veces Estudiar Cosa Usualmente Caminar Billetera 111 .

1. ( Conteste estas preguntas en forma completa y afirmativa) Example: Do you go to school every day? Yes. I go to school everyday.Inglés Básico Watch Work Write Mirar Trabajar Escribir Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación Part I Answer these questions in affirmative complete answers. Do we Speak English? 3. Does he Study every day? Does she have to clean the apartment? 112 . Does Mary live in Maracay? 2. 4.

Inglés Básico

Part II Complete these sentences. (Completar estas oraciones) Example: Does she live alone? No, she doesn´t. She lives with two friends. 1. ___________ your sister ________________ in Caracas? Yes, she ____________. 2. We ________ n’t ________ in a flat. We _____in a house. 3. Where _________ you _________________ ? I __________________ in Maracaibo. Part III Complete these sentences with: Has – have - do – does (Completar estas oraciones con has – have – do – does ) Example: She has a dog. 1. ________________ they work every day? 2. We ________________ five friends. 3. ________ Peter have a beautiful house?. Part IV Underline the correct verb or auxiliary in parenthesis . (Subrayar el everbo o auxiliary correcto) Example:

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Inglés Básico

a. b. c. d.

She (write – writes) in English. Does Peter (play – plays) the piano? What (do – does) he like to Study? Do you (have – has) a blue car? Rosa (have – has) a pen.

Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación

Part I

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Inglés Básico

1. 2. 3. 4.

Yes, she lives in Maracay. Yes, we speak English. Yes, he studies every day. Yes, she has to clean the apartment.

Part II 1. Does – live – does 2. Do – live - live 3. Do – live – live

Part. III 1. Do 2. Have 3. Does Part. IV: a. Play b. Does c. Have d. Has

Written Work / Trabajo Escrito

Write a ten (10) lines paragraph about your preferences. Talk about what you like and dislike. (Escriba un parrafo de diez (10) líneas acerca de tus preferencias. Hable acerca de lo que le gusta y no le gusta) 1.

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Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en inglés en forma oral y escrita utilizando el going to y el auxiliar will. 3. Contenido • Tiempo futuro con will  Estructuras interrogativas  Estructuras afirmativas  Estructuras negativas  Contracciones con will 116 . 4. Unidad VII Tiempo futuro.Inglés Básico 2. 5.

luego will. (Yo estudiaré Inglés mañana) She will be in Maturín next August. Ejemplo: I will study English tomorrow. seguido por el verbo que determinará la acción futura y un complemento si es necesario. (Ella estará en Maturin el próximo Agosto) Grammar SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE: WILL (Tiempo futuro simple : will) Subject + will + verb + complement (Sujeto + will + verbo + complemento) Look at this: 117 .Inglés Básico • Tiempo futuro con going to  Estructuras interrogativas  Estructuras afirmativas  Estructuras negativas Información de la unidad Las formas simples de como construir el tiempo futuro en Inglés son: Futuro con Will Se construye con el sujeto.

el cual se usa con todos los pronombres personales: I’ll. (Yo aprenderé Inglés) I’ll meet people from other country (Yo conoceré gente de otro país) I’ll win a price. (También podemos usar “will” para hablar de predicciones en el futuro) Interrogative form. (Forma interrogativa) we decide to do something at the moment we talk. they’ll. (Yo ganaré un premio) I’ll have fun (Yo me divertiré) Nota: En los ejemplos anteriores aparece la contracción afirmativa del auxiliar will (‘ll). she’ll. tomorrow afternoon night will week saturday april (Usamos “will” cuando decidimos hacer algo en el momento en que 118 . (Tu sera un doctor importante) I’ll learn English. he’ll.) We also use will to talk about predictions in the future.Inglés Básico morning I You He she It We They be there do it next soon tonight Examples: You will be an important Doctor. We use Will when hablamos) Example: I´ll clean my house this afternoon (Yo limpiaré mi casa esta tarde. we’ll. you’ll.

Inglés Básico

Yes/No questions. (Preguntas Si/No) Will + Subject + verb + complement? (Will + Sujeto + verbo + complemento?) Example: Will you sleep late? (¿Dormirás hasta tarde?) Will Henry travel to Europe next month? (Henry viajará a Europa el próximo mes? Information questions. (Preguntas de información) Wh – questions + will + subject + verb + complement? ( Palabra interrogativa + will + sujeto + verbo + complemento? ) Example: What will you learn there? (¿Que aprenderás allá?) Where will be the party tomorrow? (¿Donde sera la fiesta mañana?)

Affirmative and negative answers. (Respuestas afirmativas y negativas) Example: Will you visit your relatives next vacation? (Visistarás a tus familiares las próximas vacaciones?) Yes, I will (Short answer) Yes, I’ll visit my relatives next vacation. (Long answer) No, I won’t. (Short answer) No, I won’t visit my relatives next vacation. (Long answer)

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Inglés Básico

FUTURE WITH VERB TO BE + GOING TO. (futuro con el verbo to be + going to) Subject + to be + going to + complement (Sujeto + to be + going to + complemento) Examples: I’m going to write a letter later. (Voy a escribir una carta más tarde) He’s going to work at the bank. (El va a trabajar en el banco.) It’s going to drink milk. (Va a tomar leche) Interrogative form. (Forma interrogative) Yes/No questions. (Preguntas Si/No) To be + Subject +going to + complement? (To be + sujeto + going to + complemento?) Example: Am I going to write a letter? Is he going to work at the bank? Is it going to drink milk? Information question. (Preguntas de información) Wh – questions + to be + subject + going to + verb + complement? ( Palabra interrogativa + to be + sujeto + going to + verbo + complemento ) Example:

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Inglés Básico

What is he going to do tonight? Where are you going to travel? Affirmative and negative answers. (Respuesta afirmativas y negativas) Are you going to write a letter? (Vas tu a escribir una carta) Yes, I am. (Short answer) Yes, I am going to write a letter. (Long answer) No, I am not. (Short answer) No, I am not going to write a letter. (Long answer)

Exercises
Exercise 1 Give a complete answer in affirmative or negative form. (De una respuesta completa en forma afirmativa o negativa) Example: Will you play football tomorrow? Yes, I will play football tomorrow / No I won’t play football tomorrow. a. Will they learn a new Language?

b.

Will she cook next week?

c.

What will he do next Saturday?

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a. but I’m going to stay at home this afternoon. I’m going to watch T. (Lea el siguiente dialogo) Carlos: Alice: We’re going to play tennis this afternoon.Tomorrow. ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Exercise 4 Read the following dialogue. They – travel – will – next – to – the beach . (Ordene estas oraciones) Example: Go – will – Mérida – I – To . Will – move – she – to – Caracas – in – January. 1. (Escriba 3 oraciones usando “will”) Example: Teresa will travel to Japan next year. c.Inglés Básico Exercise 2 Arrange these Sentences. Exercise 5 122 .July Exercise 3 Write 3 Sentences Using Will”.V. 2. 3. Do you want to go? Thanks. b. I will go to Mérida tomorrow.Saturday Work – you – will – next .

early. she isn’t going to go to bed 1.? 2. she’s going to go to bed early / No. Are they going to watch T.Inglés Básico Answer the following questions in affirmative or negative form. Are you going to cook dinner this afternoon? 3.V. Is he going to play next Sunday? 4. ( Respond alas siguientes preguntas en forma afirmativa o negativa) Ejemplo: Is she going to go to bed early? Yes. What are they going to do next Weekend? 123 .

Inglés Básico Vocabulary Next Sunday Next week Soon To come To cook To decide To go To know To play To Stay To think To travel To watch Tomorrow morning Tomorrow night El próximo Domingo La próxima semana Pronto Venir Cocinar Decidir Ir Saber Jugar Quedarse Pensar Viajar Observar mañana Mañana en la mañana Mañana en la noche 124 .

3.evaluation / Autoevaluación A) Complete the sentences. Peter 2. going to study tonight. ______ she is going to play soccer. (Preguntar a alguien si el o ella va a hacer las actividades siguientes) Example: Cook dinner Are you going to cook dinner tonight? 1. Use futuro con going to) Example: Carlos 1. Play baseball Go to bed early Wash your car 125 . What 4. cook dinner? they do this afternoon? go to the beach next Saturday? B) Ask someone if he or she is going to do the following activities. Read the newspaper 2. Are you 3. Use future with going to. 4.(Complete las oraciones.Inglés Básico Self .

Travel a lot. D) Complete these sentences. Be a good student. (Complete estas oraciones. 4. Don´t smoke that. Use will or going to. 2. Use wil o going to) Example: Tomorrow we are 1. Don´t go out now. You Look out! That ladder is We’re have a baby. It’s rain. get sick. 1.Inglés Básico C) Write Sentences using “Will”. (Escriba oraciones usando will) Example: Learn to speak English I will learn to speak English. Look. get wet. 3. 2. fall. 4. 2. going to the beach. Pass the English test. 3. Move to a different city. You Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A) 1.going to 126 . 5. Going to Are .

5.Inglés Básico 3. 4. I will be a good student. 2.Going to Are you going to play baseball this evening? Are you going to go bed early this evening? Are you going to wash your car this evening? I will travel a lot. (Escriba un diálogo de 10 léneas acerca de acciones futures) --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 127 . 3. D) 1. B) 1. 3. I will pass the English test. 2. Is . 4. 2. I will move to a different city. C) 1. Will Going to Going to Going to Will Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten (10) line dialogue talking about future actions. 3.

utilizando el verbo to be en pasado.Inglés Básico ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Unidad VIII Verbo to be en pasado Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en Inglés. Contenido • Verbo to be en pasado 128 . en forma oral y escrita.

there were).Inglés Básico  Was. al igual que podemos expresar una relación de existencia del pasado (there was. were). were • Uso del:  There was  There were Información de la unidad En esta unidad utilizamos el verbo to be (ser o estar) para expresar acciones realizadas en tiempo pasado (was. Grammar Past tense of to be : was .were (Pasado del verbo to be: was – were) here there yesterday last week I You She He It was were was 129 .

Inglés Básico

We You They were

Negative form (forma negative) I he she it we you they Examples: A. Affirmative sentences (Oraciones afirmativas) Subject (Sujeto I She They You + + to be to be + was was were were + Complement complemento) at home yesterday in the library last week in the stadium last night in the park this morning = were + not = weren’t was + not = wasn’t

B. Interrogative question form with was – were (Oraciones interrogatives: was – were)

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Inglés Básico

to be (¿to be Was Was Were Were

+ +

Subject sujeto I She They You

+ +

Complement? complemento?)

in the house yesterday? in the library last week? in the stadium last night? in the park this morning?

Question form (Oraciones interrogatives) I She was He It We were You they Affirmative answer Yes, I – he – she – it Yes, you - we – they Negative answer No, I – he – she – it No, you - we – they was were wasn’t weren’t

there?

there?

Quantity expressions (expresiones de cantidad) was There Were There wasn’t weren’t

Question form (Oraciones interrogativas) Was There Were Affirmative answer Yes, there was a book on the table. (Si, había un libro sobre la mesa) Yes, there were apples on the table. (Si, habían manzanas sobre la mesa) apples on the table? a book on the table?

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Inglés Básico

Negative answer No, there wasn’t a book on the table. (No, no había un libro sobre la mesa) No, there weren’t apples on the table. (No, no habían manzanas sobre la mesa) Estas estructuras también pueden ser respondidas en forma corta. Ejemplo: Was there a teacher in class? Yes, there was. No, there wasn’t. Were there books on the table Yes, there were. No, there weren’t. Nota: There was not There were not = = There wasn’t There weren’t

Affirmative answer Was - Were 1. Were you in the house yesterday? (¿Estabas tu en la casa ayer?) a) Yes, I was. b) Yes, I was in the house yesterday. (Si, yo estaba en la casa ayer)
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I wasn’t. (No. b. she wasn’t b. (Cambie las siguientes oraciones a la forma interrogativa) Example: She was at the disco last Saturday Was she at the disco last Saturday? 133 .Inglés Básico 2. ella no estaba en la Universidad la semana pasada) Exercises 1. (Si. I was in the park this morning. yo estaba en el parque esta mañana) Negative answer Wasn’t – Weren’t 1. I was. No. No. I wasn’t in the school last week. Were you in the school last week? (¿Estabas en la escuela la semana pasada? a. she wasn’t at the university last year. Change the following sentences to the interrogative form. yo no estuve en la escuela la semana pasada) 2. No. (No. Were you in the park this morning? (¿Estabas en el parque esta mañana?) a) Yes. Was she at el the university last year? (¿Estaba ella en la Universidad año pasado?) a. b) Yes. No.

The doctors were in the hospital. 1-Was Margaret in the country? ________________________________ 2-Were Pedro and Betsy very happy at the party? ________________________________ 3-Were you in class this morning? ________________________________ 4-Was your father at home yesterday? ________________________________ 134 . he wasn’t at the beach last weekend. _______________________________ 2-The secretary was in the office. Answer in a complete negative form. _______________________________ 4. (Conteste en forma negativa y completa) Example: Was Robert at the beach last weekend? No.Inglés Básico 1-Mary and Rose were students last year. _______________________________ 3-The dog was in the park. _______________________________ 2.

Underline the correct word in parenthesis.Margaret (was were) a nurse here. Use was – were – wasn’t – weren’t) Example 135 . 2. Was the man at the park? ________________________________ 2. Were you a teacher in the school? ________________________________ 4. (Complete el diálogo. they were in class. Were they in the patio? ________________________________ 3. Complete the dialogue.The children (were was) in the laboratory this morning. Answer in a complete affirmative form. 1. Use was-were-wasn’t-weren’t. (Conteste en forma afirmativa y completa) Example: Were the students in class? Yes.They (wasn’t weren’t) in Maracaibo. 3. 1. 5. (Subrayar la palabra correcta en parentesis) Example: I (was were) a secretary.Inglés Básico 3.

. 4. (Cambie a la forma negativa) Example There were pencils on the chairs. ___________________________ 136 . ___________________________ 3. ___________________________ 2. 3.There _________ much money in my pocket..were – wasn’t – weren’t (Complete con was – were – wasn’t – weren’t) Example There were many people at the beach 1.. There were four cars in the garage. There were lots of books here yesterday.There _________ lots of baseball players there last night. There weren’t pencils on the chairs.There _________ some dictionaries here yesterday. they ___________ 6. I _______ Julia: _________ Margaret and Peter there? Andres: No..There _________ few fruits in the refrigerator. There was a man in the drugstore. 2. were you at the party last night? Andres: Yes. 7. Complete with was . 1. Change into negative sentences.Inglés Básico Julia: Andres.

_______________________________ 2. _______________________________ 4.. there were many shops. _______________________________ 3. There were many dogs in your house. Her house was near Jose Felix Ribas Square. There was a lot of coffee in the pot. (Cambie a la forma interrogative) Example: There was a beautiful girl at the meeting. downtown. _______________________________ Exercise 9 A. ___________________________ 8. Was there a beautiful girl at the meeting? 1. There was a big avenue near her home. There were two men standing at the door.Inglés Básico 4. two banks and a theatre on the avenue. There was a doctor in the hospital. She liked her house very much. Change to interrogative form. (Lea el parrafo) Regina lived in La Victoria Aragua State eight years ago. four restaurants. 137 .Read the paragraph. There was a child at home.

Complete the conversation.. There ( was – were ) two banks in the avenue. There ( was – were ) a big avenue in La Victoria. Use was – wasn’t – were – weren’t) Example: 138 . 3. there was 1.2.3.. 2. 10.Inglés Básico B. 1. Use was – wasn’t – were – weren’t. There ( was – were ) a square near her house. (Responda las preguntas acerca del párrafo) Example Was there a big avenue near her home? Yes.Underline the correct answer. (Subraye la respuesta correcta) Example: There ( was – were ) many shops near her house. (Complete la conversación.Answer the questions about the paragraph.4.How many shops were there on the avenue? ________________________________________________________ Was her house far from downtown? ________________________________________________________ What square was near her house? ________________________________________________________ How many theatres were there? ________________________________________________________ C.

2. 1..4. you ___________ I phoned you and you __________ there. Complete with the question words. (Conteste estas preguntas con las palabras en paréntesis) Example: How many apples were there in the refrigerator? (Six) There were six apples in the refrigerator... Example: How many 1. 11. I _____________ with my friend Daysi. No.3. Answer these questions with the words in parenthesis.How many students were there at the game? (Many) __________________________________________________ 2.How many parks were there near your house? (Two) __________________________________________________ 3. Use how many – where – when – what.How much sugar was there in your coffe? (Little) __________________________________________________ 139 ..books were on the table? ___________ restaurants were there in the avenue? ___________ were you in Margarita Island? ___________ were you this morning? ___________ color was your car? 12.How many pencils were there on the table? (Three) __________________________________________________ 4.Inglés Básico Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Alice: Where were you last night? I _______ at home.

Inglés Básico Vocabulary / Vocabulario Beautiful Bolivarian Classroom Country Desk Dictionaries Engineer Farmer Fruit Happy Home House Bello – Bonito Bolivariana Aula de clase País – Campo Escritorio Diccionarios Ingeniero Granjero – Agricultor Fruta Feliz Hogar Casa 140 .

Inglés Básico Lawyer Liberator Library Nurse Park Party People Republic Restaurant School Square Tall University Yard Yesterday Last week Last month Last Sunday Last night Last year This morning Live Help Liberate Be born (Was/Were) Born Abogado Liberador Biblioteca Enfermera Parque Fiesta Gente República Restaurante Escuela Plaza Alto Universidad Patio Ayer la semana pasada el mes pasado el domingo pasado anoche el año pasado esta mañana Vivir Ayudar Liberar Nacer Nació/Nacieron 141 .

Were we in Mérida last sunday? 142 . 1.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A) Answer in affirmative form.Were they at the university? _____________________________ 3.. (Conteste en forma afirmativa) Example: Were they in the school? Yes.. they were in the school.Was Susan a nurse? _____________________________ 2..

... use estas formas: was .Were the men in the restaurant? _____________________________ 3...were .Vicente _______ a Mathematic teacher in this school 4.Were Angel and Dorys engineers? _____________________________ C) Complete the dialogue.They _______ in class last week.weren’t) Example: He was a good student last year 1. she wasn’t an accountant.Inglés Básico _____________________________ 4.wasn’t . use these forms: was .Was Sara a good player? _____________________________ 2. 2...Was he a farmer? _____________________________ 4.wasn’t ..Maria and Pedro ____________ good lawyers 3.were .weren’t (Complete el diálogo. (Conteste en forma negativa) Example: Was Susan an accountant? No.We ________ here yesterday 143 . 1..Was the dog in the street this morning? _____________________________ B) Answer in a complete negative form.

Were there many workers in the company? __________________________________ 3.Were there many classrooms in the school? __________________________________ E) Answer in negative form. there wasn’t a tall man near here. Was there a car in the garage? 144 . 1. Was there a cat at the home? __________________________________ 4.Was there a book on the table? __________________________________ 4. 1. (Conteste en forma afirmativa) Example: Were you here yesterday? Yes. Were there any erasers on the desk? __________________________________ 3.Inglés Básico D) Answer in affirmative form.Was there a picture on the wall? __________________________________ 2. I was here yesterday. Were there students sitting on the chairs? __________________________________ 2. (Conteste en forma negativa) Example: Was there a tall man near here? No.

Where was Simon Bolivar born? ___________________________________________________________ 2..Was Simón Bolívar the Liberator of Mexico? ___________________________________________________________ 145 ..When was he born? ___________________________________________________________ 3. Ecuador. He helped to liberate others latinoamerican nations...Inglés Básico __________________________________ F) Read the following paragraph and answer the questions.Was Simon Bolivar the Liberator of Ecuador an Peru? ___________________________________________________________ 4. Example Who was Simon Bolivar? He was the Liberator of Venezuela. Colombia. 1. He was born in Caracas on July 24th in 1783. Peru and Bolivia. (Lea el siguiente parrafo y conteste las preguntas) Simón Bolivar was the Liberator of Venezuela.

.No.. the dog was in the street this morning. 4. 3..No. he wasn’t a farmer.Inglés Básico Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A) 1.No. they weren’t engineers..Yes. 2.Yes. she wasn’t a good player. 2. B) 1...No. she was a nurse.. they were at the university. 3. 4.Yes.Yes.. you were in Mérida last Sunday. 146 . they weren’t in the restaurant.

4. there wasn’t a car in the garage. E) 1.He was born on July 24th 1783.No.Yes.. 3.Yes..No. there were many classrooms in the school.He was born in Caracas. there weren’t students sitting on the chairs.Were D) 1... 4.Yes..Inglés Básico C) 1.No. there was a picture on the wall.Yes.. 147 .Were 3. there were many workers in the company.. there weren’t erasers on the desk.Was 4. 2. there was a book on the table.... he was. 2.. 4.Were 2. 2..Yes. 3.No.. 3. F) 1.... there wasn’t a cat in the house.No. he wasn’t .

using the past form of to be (was – were – there was – there were). 148 .Inglés Básico Written Work / Trabajo Escrito Write a ten line paragraph about your last vacation.

149 . oraciones relacionadas con las direcciones y ubicaciones de personas y lugares.Inglés Básico Unidad IX Ordenes. under. between. on. Contenido Oraciones imperativas Direcciones y/o localización Preposiciones: in. en forma oral y escrita. ubicación y dirección Objetivo Terminal  Expresar en inglés. behind. close to.

Ej.  El imperativo se usa para dar órdenes. direcciones y prohibiciones. Ej. Read the following sentences (Lea las siguientes oraciones): • • Sit down.Inglés Básico Información de la unidad En esta unidad se tratarán los siguientes puntos:  Las oraciones imperativas. las cuales se utilizan para dar órdenes y prohibiciones. (Siéntese) Be here at 7:30 (Esté aquí a las 7:30) 150 .: Where is the house? (¿Donde está la casa?) It’s on second street. please (Siéntese por favor) Don’t smoke in class (No fume en clase)  Expresiones para localizar lugares y dar direcciones .  En una oración imperativa el sujeto es siempre You. (Está en la segunda calle?) Grammar / Gramática Command sentences (oraciones imperativas)  En inglés el imperativo se construye con la forma infinitiva del verbo sin la partícula To. pero no se escribe ni se dice.: Sit down.

recógelo) Watch out ! (Ten cuidado) AFFIRMATIVE AND NEGATIVE Imperatives: Affirmative Base of verb • • • BE CALL SIT Complement here at 7:30 Mary down Negative Do not / Don’t + Base form of verbs 151 . ( Llama a Mary) Don’t smoke in class. (No lances el envase en la calle. pick it up. (No fumes en clase) Do not throw the litter on the street. (No llegues tarde) Call Mary.Inglés Básico • • • • • Don’t be late.

Question Where is the restaurant ? (¿Donde está el restaurant?) Where is Mary ? (¿Donde está Mary?) Where are you? Answer On Bolívar Av. se puede usar where al preguntar. (En la Av. 152 . Bolívar) At the bank.Inglés Básico Do not throw litter on the street Don’t smoke in class! Locate people and places (Ubicar personas y lugares) Para pedir información acerca de la ubicación de personas y lugares. (En el banco) We’re at the supermarket.

Contraction: Where is = Where’s (Donde está?) Example: 1. (Rellene los espacios con una oración imperativa. at.Inglés Básico (¿Donde están ustedes?) (Estamos en el supermercado) En las respuestas se usan las preposiciones de lugar: on. (La biblioteca está en la avenida Bolívar) Exercises Exercise 1 Fill the blanks with an affirmative or negative imperative sentence. El primero se utilize para referirsen a calles o avenidas y el Segundo se emplea para referirse a establecimientos. afirmativa o negativa) Turn Leave Example: drink wear drive look 153 . (El hospital está en la calle Paez) 2. The hospital is on Páez Street. The library is on Bolívar Avenue.

at the picture. 3. 2. López isn’t here right now. carefully. . 5. left. _________ a message. 4. 3. Mr. Use on – at) Example Where’s the post office? It’s on Páez Avenue. 1. ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ and drive. Exercises 2 Answer the following questions. 2. (Responda las siguientes preguntas. 4. Use on – at. 1.Inglés Básico Wear the seat belt. Where’s the library? Where’s the police station? Where’s the department store? Where’s the school? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 154 .

I don’t know. Thank you. Where’s Peter? He’s at the INCE Excuse me. Locations in a building 155 . (Practique estos diálogos) 1) A: B: A: 2) A: B: A: 3) A: B: A: B: Where’s Jane? I don’t know. It’s on Libertad Avenue. Thanks. is the Mercantil Bank near here? Yes it is. is the hotel near here? I’m sorry.Inglés Básico _____________________________________________________________ Practice these dialogues. Excuse me.

(Practique estos diálogos) 1. A: Where are the restrooms? B: Over there. 156 .Inglés Básico Nota: Para indicar ubicaciones dentro de un edificio se utilizan las siguientes expresiones: Upstairs Downstairs Over there Down the hall on the right Down the hall on the left In that way Arriba Abajo Por allá Bajando por el pasillo a la derecha Bajando por el pasillo a la izquierda En esa vía / en ese camino Practice these dialogues. 2. 3. A: Thanks. 4. A: Thanks. A: Where is the cafeteria? B: It’s downstairs. A: Thanks. A: Where’s the exit? B: It’s down the hall on the right.

) One block.Inglés Básico A: Where are the elevators? B: That way. (Está entre…. (Está en la esquina) It’s between………. (Dé direcciones. Observe el mapa y lea la conversación de abajo) 157 . (Siga derecho) Walk down. (Una cuadra) Exercise 3 Give directions. (Expresiones para dar direcciones) How do I get to the school? (¿Como llego a la escuela?) Go straight. (Cruce a la izquierda) It’s on / at the corner.. A: Thanks. (Cruce a la derecha) Turn left. (Camine) Turn right. Expressions for giving directions. Look at the map and read the conversation below.

How can I get there. please? B. between Lincoln and Main Street. Then turn right at the corner. Go straight. Walk down Washington Street up to Third Avenue turn right and walk one block. It’s on the Third Avenue. how do I get to the department store? B. Walk one block.Inglés Básico A. Excuse me. a) Where’s the Japanese Restaurant? 158 . It’s on the left at the corner of Main Street and Third Avenue. The department store is on the left. Where’s the school. A. A. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas) 1. Exercise 4 Answer the following questions. Walk down third Avenue until you get to Washington Street. please? B.

betwee ) para decir donde está algo o donde se realiza una actividad. Una preposición viene antes de un sustantivo. a) Go down Third avenue to Lincoln street. BETWEEN Prepositions: 159 . on. ON. turn right. seguido generalmente por un verbo IN. It’s between Third Avenue and Fourth Avenue.Inglés Básico _________________________________________ b) How can I get there please? _________________________________________ _________________________________________ _________________________________________ 2. on the right what is it? ______________ _______________________________________________________ Exercise 5 Match each sentence from the left with its corresponding advice. under. (Seleccione la alternative correcta) 12345I have a headache I worry too much I can’t speak English very well I feel tired everymorning I’m overweight a) go to the dentist b) practice with friends c) go on a diet d) take some aspirin e) take it easy Preposition of place (Preposiciones de lugar): Usamos las preposiciones de lugar (in. UNDER.

The hospital is between Third and Fourth Avenue 1. (Escriba oraciones usando las preposiciones dadas) Example: Your hat is on the table. 4. 2. 3.Inglés Básico ON UNDER IN Excercise 6 BETWEEN Write sentences using the prepositions given. The pen is under the sofa. ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ ________________________________________ 160 . The car is in the garage.

Inglés Básico Excercise 7 Practice orally.Oh. no ! B.What’s the problem? A.I lost my umbrella.You’re welcome Don’t mention it 161 . B.It’s over there on the table Under the table in the closet A. Making substitution from the box What’s the problem? What’s wrong? What’s the matter? Thanks Thank you A.Oh. thanks a lot B.

Inglés Básico Vocabulary Stand up Go to the board Sit down Raise your hand Open your book Close your book Look at the picture Turn right Turn left Get to Go straight Worry Watch out Pick it up Take it easy I don’t know Overweight Tired Umbrella Exit Near Bank Post office Supermarket Gym Disco Hospital Library Theatre Restaurant Police station Párese Vaya a la pizarra Siéntese Levante su mano Abra su libro Cierre su libro Mire el cuadro Cruce a la derecha Cruce a la izquierda Llegar a Vaya derecho Preocuparse Cuidado Levántalo Tómelo con calma Yo no sé Sobre peso Cansado Sombrilla Salida Cerca de Banco Oficina postal Supermercado Gimnasio Discoteca Hospital Biblioteca Teatro Restaurant Estación de policía 162 .

I can get there by bus because it’s far from my house. C) Fill the blanks with the prepositions. I work at the INCE Guárico. (Llene los espacios en blanco con las preposiciones) Example: The car is in the garage. 2. I live there.Inglés Básico Self-evaluation / Autoevaluación A) Match the sentences 1234You get into a taxi A father to his son A man stops you on the street A student says to his teacher a-“Give me my exam. please” B) Translate to Spanish this paragraph. The bank is __________ the post office and the restaurant. please” b-“I love you very much son” c. 1. The keys are _________ the table. I’m from Guárico. (Traducir al español este parrafo) My name is Carmen Ruíz. 163 . what time is it?” d.“Take me to the airport.“Excuse me. on Miranda Avenue # 15.

The books are _________ the shelf. 5. 6. The bird is ____________ the cage.Inglés Básico 3. The cat sleeps ________ the bed. Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación 164 . 4. The knives are _________ the drawer.

- On Between Under / on In On In Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 165 .6. Yo puedo allá en autobús porque está lejos de mi casa. en la Avenida Miranda # 15.4. Yo trabajo en el INCE Guárico. D) 1.5. Yo soy de Guárico. Yo vivo allá.a B) Mi nombre es Carmen Ruíz.3.Inglés Básico A) 2.b 3.2.c 4.

Inglés Básico Write a short paragraph about locations of objects in your office. room or house: 166 .

pasado simple Objetivo Terminal  Construir oraciones en inglés en forma oral y escrita en pasado simple. tiempo pasado simple. Cuando utilizamos el auxiliar Did para interrogar. utilizando el auxiliar Did. Contenido • Uso de auxiliar Did. en cambio. Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Mientras que cuando respondemos en forma larga afirmativa. afirmar y negar en pasado simple. La respuesta corta. la oración queda en pasado y el verbo que se use en la oración siempre tendrá que estar en presente simple. 167 . el verbo que se use en la oración siempre tendrá que estar en pasado simple y debemos obviar el auxiliar Did.Inglés Básico Unidad X Auxiliar Did. a) b) c) d) Estructuras interrogativas Esctructuras afirmativas Estructuras negativas Contracciones Información de la Unidad El auxiliar Did se usa en Inglés para interrogar. exige la presencia del auxiliar Did.

y cuando el auxiliar Did se use en una respuesta negativa larga. Respuesta corta: No. el verbo tendrá que estar en presente simple. Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Respuesta larga: No. Respuesta corta: Yes. they did. they didn’t. they saw Patricia at school. they didn’t see Patricia at school.Inglés Básico Example: Did they see Patricia at school? Respuesta larga: Yes. Contracción: Didn’t = Did not 168 .

4.Inglés Básico Grammar / Gramática Regular Verbs/ Verbos Regulares 1. Talk + ed = talked infinitive + D Like + D = liked Infinitive – y + ied cry = cried Infinitive + double final consonant + ed Stop = stopped Irregular Verbs/ Verbos Irregulares Infinitive Be Become Begin Bring Build Buy Come Do Drink Drive Eat Find Read Say See Sell Send Shut Sleep Speak Spend Past Was / were Became Began Brought Built Bought Came Did Drank Drove Ate Found Read Said Saw Sold Sent Shut Slept Spoke Spent Infinitive Get Give Go Have Make Leave Learn Know Keep Meet Pay Put Stand Take Teach Tell Think Understand Wear Write Past Got Gave Went Had Made Left Learnt Knew Kept Met Paid Put Stood Took Taught Told Thought Understood Wore Wrote Affirmative and Negative: Subject Verb Complement 169 . Infinitive + Ed 2. 3.

I didn´t go to the supermarket yesterday. (she) Didn’t. No. I went to the supermarket yesterday. Long Answers: Exercises Exercise 1 170 . (I) did.Inglés Básico I You He She We they Questions Auxiliary Verb Did Didn’t Went Didn’t go Did not go To the supermarket To the bank there Yesterday Last Saturday Last night Subject He She We They You I Verb Go Complement There Last week? Last month? Last night? Last year? At 9:00? Yesterday? Examples: Short Answers Yes. Yes. No.

K. Alice: Pedro! Did you hear that? Pedro: What? Alice: I heard something. Pedro: Yes. No. Pedro: I didn’t hear anything. did I scare you?. Suddenly their car stops. Pedro goes into the bathroom. We can call a garage tomorrow. I went around the corner up there and saw it. you did! Did you find a phone? Pedro: No. Pedro: Alice. Please. Open the door. I’m going with you. It’s 10:00 at night. Did you put in any gas today? I put some in this afternoon. I’m not frightened. Alice: O. 171 . (Lea el siguiente cuento) Part I Alice and Pedro are on vacation. Pedro: Alice! Alice: What’s the matter? What’s wrong with the car? I don’t know . They’re on a very dark and lonely country road. There’s a noise outside. Sorry. lock the door.Inglés Básico Read the following story. It’s me. Pedro: Don’t worry. Alice: Yes. be careful. but I found a hotel. It’s freezing! Stay here. Alice. Alice: You were in the bathroom. Alice Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Alice Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Alice: Part II Pedro comes back a few minutes later. What are we going to do? I’m going to find a phone. They have a room for tonight. I’m going down to the front desk. and there aren’t any towels. Come on! Part III They’re in the hotel room. A strange noise.

I didn’t see anyone. I’m not staying here. There are parades. Read again and answer these questions. B. This isn’t funny. and parties in many places. Ssh! Did you hear that? It’s that same noise again. Pedro. and…. look. frightening. We’re staying! * Halloween is a popular festival that takes place on October 31. 1. He had two big teeth. He went around the corner and I went after him. What did he find? What did Alice hear? Where was Pedro? What did Pedro see? What did Pedro and Alice see at the front desk? How is this party called? 172 . 7. What? There wasn’t anyone there? That’s right. 3. He was wearing a long black coat.Inglés Básico Pedro: I went outside… and I saw someone in the hall. 4. Let’s go. It’s a Halloween* party Pedro: And there’s count Dracula! Come on. dances. 5. Come one. But there wasn’t anyone there. or funny costumes. Alice: Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Alice: Pedro: Part IV They are at the front desk Alice: Pedro. Did he find a phone? 2. like count Dracula. 6. Example: Did Pedro put in any gas today? Yes. He was there! I saw him. (Lea de nuevo y conteste estas preguntas) Many people wear strange. he put some gas today.

I drank coffee with breakfast this 2. Did he walk to school today? 3. Did you eat eggs for breakfast this morning? Yes. 4. Did she drive home this morning? Did they come to work yesterday evening? 173 .Inglés Básico Exercise 2 Write negative and affirmative answers to these questions. No. I didn’t drink coffee with breakfast this morning. (Escriba respuestas negativas y afrimativas a estas preguntas) Did you drink coffee with breakfast this morning?  morning.  1.

Inglés Básico 5. They swam 400 yards. Write negative sentences. They drank tea (milk) 4. Escriba oraciones negativas. He ran 100 yards (400 yards) 174 . Use las palabras en parentesis. Example: I woke up at 8:30 (8:15) I didn’t wake up at 8:15 1. (800 yards) 2. The lesson began at 9:00. Did we read the newspaper this morning? Exercise 3 A. (9:10) 3. Use the words in parenthesis.

conocer Más tarde Cerrar con seguro Solitario-a Minutos Noche Ruido Abrir Afuera Fiesta Colocar Camino Quedarse Asustar Cuento Dientes Hoy Toalla 175 . una Tener cuidado Llamar Carro Regresar Esquina Conde Campo/ país Oscuro-a Puerta Poco Congelado Recepción Combustible Chistoso. gracioso Garage/taller Gasolina Pasillo Fiesta de brujas Aquí Saber.Inglés Básico Vocabulary A / an Be careful Call Car Come back Corner Count Country Dark Door Few Freezing Front desk Fuel Funny Garage Gas Hall Halloween Here Know Later Lock Lonely Minutes Night Noise Open Outside Party Put Road Stay Scare Story Teeth Today Towel Uno.

3. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas. Use respuestas completas) Example: What time did María get up this morning? She got up at six o’clock this morning. Read (Lea) 176 .. 2. problema Self – evaluation / Autoevaluación A.Answer the following questions.Inglés Básico Vacation Very With Wrong Vacación Muy Con Equivocación. Did José have eggs for breakfast? Did you go to school last week? What did they play yesterday? Did your father watch TV last night? B. Use complete answers. 1. 4.

She watched TV today for two hours. It was late and she was tired so she went to bed. She read a novel yesterday. she went to the library. 2. 4.M. write the true information. It was Saturday and schools are closed on Saturdays. (Escriba verdadero o falso. 3. In the morning she got up early. Today she had coffee and juice at school. bread. At 8 a. at 7 a. She went to the library in the morning. suministra la información verdadera) Example: F Carol was in the library yesterday evening. Write true or false. and cheese at home.Inglés Básico Last night Carol stayed at home. Carol stayed at home yesterday evening. If you write false. Si escribes falso. She read a novel until 12 P. Then she had juice. 5. coffee. Carol is a good student. She went to sleep last night about 10 p. 177 .m.m.m. she watched TV for 15 minutes. 1.

T F She went to sleep last night about 12 p. 5. They played (baseball) yesterday. No.Inglés Básico Answers to Self-evaluation / Respuestas a la Autoevaluación A. he didn’t have eggs for breakfast. he had eggs for breakfast. Yes. 2.1. I went to school last week No. T F She watched TV today for 15 minutes Written Work / Trabajo Escrito 178 .m. B. 3. F She had coffee and juice at home. 1. No. 4. 4. Yes. I didn’t go to school last week. Yes. he didn’t watch TV last night. 2. he watched TV last night. 3.

Inglés Básico

Write a 10 line paragraph about a what you did yesterday. ( Escribe un párrafo de diez (10) líneas.

179

Inglés Básico

Prueba de revision final Unidades I al X

I. Arrange the following sentences. (Organice las oraciones siguientes) Example: at – at – 3 o’clock – she – ten – is – usually – home She usually is at home at three o’clock. 1) in – August – takes – always – vacation – she ___________________________________________________________

180

Inglés Básico

2) an – has – Helen – to – wear – uniform ___________________________________________________________ 3) she – English- everyday – work – practices – at ___________________________________________________________ 4) the – working – is – in – office – the – secretary ___________________________________________________________ II.

Read about Richard Gere and Cindy Crawford, then write the answers of the following questions. (Lea acerca de Richard Gere y Cindy Crawford, luego escriba las respuestas a las siguientes preguntas) Example: What does Richard Gere do? He’s an actor. 1. What does Cindy Crawford do? _____________________________________________________________

181

Name some of his films.Inglés Básico 2. 5. I do. 6. Answer the following questions. 7. 3. 1. 3. 4. Are they married? Where do they live? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ III. Does Alice write books? Do they usually eat in a restaurant? Does he eat chicken everyday? Did he work in the office yesterday? Did you go to school last week? Are you a good student? Is Merly a nurse? What are you doing? _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ 182 . 8. (Conteste las siguientes preguntas) Example: Do you go to the beach every weekend? No. / Yes. 2. 4. I don’t.

She plays tennis every Saturday. He is going to school. They are cleaning the office. Are you studying English? _____________________________________________________________ IV. then answer the following question: How can I get to the Police Station? 183 . Look at the map. 2. Change to question the following sentences. (Cambie a pregunta las siguientes oraciones) Example: I was born in 1961 When were you born? 1. They worked late last night. _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ V. 4. 3.Inglés Básico 9.

Inglés Básico ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 184 .

She always takes vacations in August Helen has to wear a uniform 185 .Inglés Básico Clave de respuesta de la prueba de revisión final Part I 1. 2.

Yes. 4. Yes. No. Part IV 1. she does. She practices English at work everyday The secretary is working in the office She is an actress Pretty woman. he didn’t. I am. No. I am not. Yes. playing…. I’m studying. 4. Yes. 2. 2. 9. 4. No. she doesn’t. 5.Inglés Básico 3. she is. No. 3. No. they don’t. etc. I didn’t. 4. he does. 2. I am. 3. 3. 6. Part II 1. she isn’t. Yes. I did. Yanks. they do. No. Yes. I’m not. Yes. No. he doesn’t. 7. No. he did. they are They live in USA Part III 1.. Does she play tennis everyday? Did they work late last night? Where he is going? What are they cleaning? Part V 186 . 8. Yes. Yes.

then turn left on the second block to Lincoln Street. Walk down Third Avenue. BIBLIOGRAFÍA 187 .Inglés Básico Go straight ahead Washington Street. The Police Station is on the right. On the second block turn right to Third Avenue.

_________________ (S/F) Spectrum 1. Student Book 1. 188 . HENNER Stanchina. Student Book. . VINEY K. INGLES. 9° semestre. Look Ahead. Prentice Hall Regents. (1993). Main Street. Teacher`s Editor. POTTER J. VINEY K. J. meaning and use. INGLES.VINEY P.MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN. REIN D. Main Street Student Book 2.DU VIVIER. C. DIRECCIÓN DE EDUCACIÓN DE ADULTOS (1994). Caracas . DIRECCIÓN DE EDUCACIÓN DE ADULTOS (1994). Caracas . . (1994). Teacher`s Book 1 . (1993). 7° semestre.BADALAMENTI V. REIN D. SCHOENBERG J. HOPKINS.MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN. (1999). . A. VINEY P. (2000).Inglés Básico .MINISTERIO DE EDUCACIÓN.MAURER. DIRECCIÓN DE EDUCACIÓN DE ADULTOS (1994). form. Heinle & Heinle. Oxford University Press. Grammar Dimensions. Caracas . 8° semestre. True Colors Basic. INGLES. M.

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