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THE AIR INTERFACE, M REFERS TO THE INTERFACE BETWEENA MOBILE STATION ANDA THE BASE ESTATION.

GSM FREQUENCY SPECTRUM ALLOCATION

THE BAND OF THE GSM IS UHF FREQUENCY ALLOCATION

AuthorIty to use a frequency is given under certain conditions, these condition are regulation in different parts of the world.

PRIMARY GSM SPECTRUM

GSM USES FRECUENCY DIVISION DUPLEXING(FDD) WHERE THE UPLINK AND DOWNLINK OPERATES ON A DIFFERENT FREQUENCY.

Up and Downlink channel frequency can be calculated as follows Fu(n) =890+0.2*n Fd(n) = F(u) +45 n 1-124

EXTENDED PRIMARY GSM(E-GSM) SPECTRUM

E-GSM ALLOCATED AN ADDITIONAL 10 MHZ OF BANDWIDTH

AN EXTRA 50 CARRIER PAIRS REDUCTION IN BANDWITH BETWEEN UP AND DOWN LINK FREQUENCY. AN INCREASE IN SIZE OF UP AND DOWN LINK FRECUENCY .

E-GSM UP AN DOWNLINK CHANNEL FRECUENCIES CAN BE CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS FU(n)= 890+0.2n FU(n)= 890+0.2(n-1024) FD(n)=FU(n)+45

DCS-1800 SPECTRUM DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM(DCS)-1800 Introduced a further 1800 mhz spectrum range for GSM.. The characterist of the radio frecuenci is tipically used for smaller microcells .

DCS-1800 up and downlink channel frequencies can be calculated as follows. Fu(n)=1710.2+0.2*(n-512) Fd(n)=Fu(n)+95

PCS-1900 SPECTRUM (PERSONAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM) Each band is divided into 200khz,as with GSM.Therefore 299 carries are available within each of the up and downlink bands

PCS-1900 UP AND DOWN CHANNEL FRECUENCIES CAN BE CALCULATED AS FOLLOWS:


FU(n)=1850.2 + 0.2*(n-512) FD(n)=FU(n) 80

GSM-450 SPECTRUM,

The 450 Mhz band has a number of advantages over existing GSM bands, not least of wich is the increased coverage per cell and hence a lower cell acount.

MULTIPLE ACCES TECNIQUES

METHODS.

FDMA TDMA CDMA

FRECUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS

(FDM A)

CHANNEL SEPARATION ACHIEVED BY FILTERS. GODD SELECTIVITY GUARD BANDS BETWEEN CHANNELS.

LIMITATIONS ON FRECUENCY RE-USE NUMBER OF SUSCRIBERS PER AREA

TIME DIVISION MULTIPLE ACCESS (TDMA) ACCESS TO AVAILABLE SPECTRUM IS LIMITED TO TIMESLOTS USER I ALLOCATED THE ESPECTRUM FOR THE DURATION OF ONE TIMESLOTS TOMESLOTS ARE REAPEATED