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Xy ra khi bng tn ca tn hiu ln hn bng thng ca knh truyn.

Do h thng tc va v ln c rng bng tn hiu ln (ln hn rng knh) s chu nhiu tc ng ca selective fading. Ni chung l i ton b bng thng knh truyn th n nh hng khng u, ch nhiu ch t, ch lm tng ch lm gim cng tn hiu.
Fading la chn tn s (selective fading) ch loi Fading m suy hao a ng ca n ph thuc vo tn s. - Nguyn nhn dn n kiu Fading ny l do hin tng phn tp a ng. Cc tia sng b khc x theo nhiu hng(c im khc x thay i), b phn x bi nhiu vt chn nn chng phi truyn t my thu n my pht theo nhng con ng khc nhau, chnh v vy nn thi im n my thu cng khc nhau => lch pha khc nhau => suy hao. Vi nhng h thng vo tuyn dung lng cao(c 70 -80 Mbps tr ln) th bng tn tn hiu kh rng (C ~ B ) nn s suy hao ph thuc vo tn s s r rt hn. Chnh v vy thng quan tm ti hin tng Fading la chn tn s trong cc h thng thng ti v tuyn s dung lng ln. - Fading la chn tn s s gy ra mo tuyn tnh rt nghim trng, t gy ra hin tng, l nguyn nhn gy dn on lin lc khi c tp m(c khi SNR ln hn mc bnh thng), thm ch khi khng c tp m. Pha-inh chn lc tn s (selective fading) gy bi multipath propagation vi cng nhng nguyn nhn nh ni trn, h qu l hm truyn ca knh khng bng phng trong rng bng (bandwidth) ca tn hiu, nht l vi cc tn hiu c tc bt ln. iu ny dn n ISI v nh hng ti BER ca h thng (lm tng BER). Do tc ng ca fading nn mc tn hiu thu c s b st gim so vi mc tn hiu khi ko c fading. Nh vy fading s lm thay i mc ngng ca my thu => my thu s nhn c mc tn hiu yu v c th lm gin on thng tin nu fading qu mnh.

Ta thy p ng tn s F0 nh hn nhiu so vi bng thng ca tn hiu pht. Do , ti mt s tn s trn bng tn, knh truyn khng cho tn hiu i qua, v nhng thnh phn tn s khc nhau ca tn hiu dc truyn i chu s suy gim v dch pha khc nhau ,--dng kenh teuyne hnuw vay goi la kenh tuyen chon loc tan so