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The dominant position towards which HRM is moving points to a "change in power relations and highlights the supremacy of management. The management prerogative is rediscovered but in place of command and control the emphasis is on commitment and control as quality, flexibility and competence replaces quantity, task and dumb obedience. Debate the correctness of the same. Adjudication is not an ideal means of settling industrial disputes" Discuss. Examine so as to whether Software Firm is a fact ory. Bring out the ingredients of a factory.



ANS factories ingredients : 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

A factory (previously manufactory) or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operatemachines processing one product into another. Factories may either make discrete products or some type of material continuously produced such as chemicals, pulp and paper or refined oil products. Factories manufacturing chemicals are often called plants and may have most of their equipment, consisting of tanks, pressure vessels, chemical reactors and pumps and piping located outdoors and are operated by personnel in control rooms. factories practiced division of labour, in which most workers were either low skilled laborers who tended or operated machinery and unskilled laborers who moved materials, semi-finished and finished goods. There were a few skilled mechanics. Factories were able to produce a steady supply of goods. Economies of scale: Factories produced product on a much larger scale than the putting out or crafts systems. Because factories could over supply local markets, access to transportation was important.

NO, softaware firm cant be considered as a factory as its not satisfieng the above criteria. 8. Discuss the concepts of arising out of employment and in the course of employment. Give examples to drive home the differences.