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VERBOS IRREGULARES Los verbos regulares son los ms comunes en ingls y tienen una caracterstica fundamental que los

distinguen del resto. Estos verbos forman el pasado y el participio aadiendo -ED. P.e. work-worked, pray-prayed. La dificultad de estos verbos estriba en la pronunciacin de esos pasados y participio en -ED. Quiz sea conveniente advertir de principio que ninguno de esos pasados y participio se pronuncian /ed/, tienen tres posibles pronunciaciones dependiendo de la consonante que anteceda a la terminacin -ED. As: 1.- Si el verbo regular en infinitivo termina en consonante sorda (voiceless) como /c/-/h/-/k/-/p/-/r/-/w//v/, entonces el pasado y del participio de dicho verbo se pronunciar ( T). Por ejemplo: voiced /voist/ - worked /workt/ - stopped /stopt/ - remembered /ribmbert/- chewed /chiut/moved /mut/ 2.- Si el verbo regular en infinitivo termina en consonante sonora (voiced) como por ejemplo: /n/ - /m/ - /l/, su pasado y del participio se pronunciar con el sonido (D) como en: cleaned /klind/ - killed /kild/ 3.- Por ltimo si el verbo regular en infinitivo acaba en "t" o "d", la pronunciacin del pasado y del participio ser (id). P.e. painted /peintid/ o decided /disaidid/ Nota: Los verbos regulares que acaban en (-e), lgicamente no se le aaden -ED en pasado o en participio sino que slo a aaden (-D), como en love-loved, smoke-smoked Recuerde que los verbos en el participio pasado llevan delante la palabra have(ha) - has (ha)had (haba)- was (era) - were (estaba). Ejem: have arisen -was become.

Participio Presente ARISE Pronuncia ARRIS Pretrito AROSE Pronuncia ARRUS pasado ARISEN Pronuncia ARRSEN Significado ELEVARSE DESPERTARS E SER O ESTAR LLEVAR

AWAKE BE BEAR

AUIK BI BER

AWOKE WAS/WERE BORE

AUK US/UR BORR

AWAKED BEEN BORN(E)

AUIKT BIN BORRN

BEAT

BIT

BEAT

BIT

BEAT/BEATE N BIIT/BITIN GOLPEAR LLEGAR SER A

BECOME BEFALL BEGET

BICM BIFL BIGT

BECAME BEFELL BEGAT

BIKIM BIFL BIGT

BECOME BEFALLEN BEGOTTEN

BICM BIFLEN BIGTEN

SOBREVENIR PRODUCIR

BEGIN

BIGN

BEGAN

BIGAN

BEGUN

BIGN

EMPEZAR CONTEMPLA R

BEHOLD

BJOLD

BEHELD

BIJLD

BEHELD Participio

BIJLD

Presente BEND BEREAVE BEREAVE BESET BET BID BIND BITE BLEED BLOW BREAK BREED BRING

Pronuncia BEND BERRF BERRF BSET BET BID BAND BIT BLID BLU BRIK BRID BRIN

Pretrito BENT BEREFT BEREAVED BESET BET BADE BOUND BIT BLED BLEW BROKE BRED BROUGHT

Pronuncia BENT BEREFT BERRFT BSET BET BIT BAND BIT BLET BLU BROK BRET BROT

pasado BENT BEREFT BEREAVED BESET BET BIDDEN BOUND BITTEN BLED BLOWN BROKEN BRED BROUGHT

Pronuncia BENT BEREFT BERRFT BSET BET BDEN BAND BTTEN BLET BLUN BROKEN BRET BROT

Significado DOBLAR AFLIGIR AFLIGIR ACOSAR APOSTAR ORDENAR ATAR MORDER SANGRAR SOPLAR ROMPER CRIAR TRAER

BRODCAS BRODCAS BROADCAST BRODCAST BROADCAST T BROADCAST T DIFUNDIR BUILD BURN BURN BURST BUY BILD BERN BERN BERST BI BUILT BURNT BURNED BURST BOUGHT BILT BERNT BERND BERST BOT BUILT BURNT BURNED BURST BOUGHT BILT BERNT BERND BERST BOT CONSTRUIR QUEMAR QUEMAR REVENTAR COMPRAR

CAN CAST CATCH CHIDE CHIDE CHOOSE CLEAVE CLEAVE CLEAVE CLING CLOTHE CLOTHE COME COST

CAEN CAST CATCH CHID CHID CHUS CLIF CLIF CLIF CLIN CLUT CLUT CM COST

COULD CAST CAUGHT CHIDED CHID CHOSE CLEFT CLOVE CLEAVED CLUNG CLOTHED CLAD CAME COST

CUD CAST COT CHADID CHID CHUS CLEFT CLOF CLIFT CLAN CLUTT CLAD KIM COST

CAST CAUGHT CHIDED CHIDDEN CHOSEN CLEFT CLOVEN CLEAVED CLUNG CLOTHED CLAD COME COST

CAST COT CHIDID CHIDEN CHUSEN CLEFT CLOF CLIFT CLAN CLUTT CLAD CM COST

PODER LANZAR COGER REPRENDER REPRENDER ELEGIR RAJAR TAJAR PARTIR AGARRARSE VESTIR VESTIR VENIR COSTAR ARRASTRARS E CACAREAR CACAREAR CORTAR TRATAR CAVAR ZAMBULLIR ZAMBULLIR DONE

CREEP CROW CROW CUT DEAL DIG DIVE DIVE DO

CRIP CROU CROU CAT DIL DIG DIF DIF DU

CREPT CREW CROWED CUT DEALT DUG DIVED DOVE DID

CREPT CREU CROUT CAT DELT DAG DIFT DOF DID

CREPT CROWED CROWED CUT DEALT DUG DIVED DOVE DONE

CREPT CROUT CROUT CAT DELT DAG DIFT DOF DON

DRAW

DRO

DREW

DRU

DRAWN Participio

DRON

DIBUJAR

Presente DREAM DREAM DRINK DRIVE DWELL DWELL EAT FALL FEED FEEL FIGHT FIND FLEE FLING FLY FORBEAR FORBID

Pronuncia DRIM DRIM DRINK DRIF DUL DUL IT FL FID FIL FIT FIND FLI FLIN FLI FRBEER FRBID

Pretrito DREAMT DREAMED DRANK DROVE DWELLED DWELLED ATE FELL FED FELT FOUGHT FOUND FLED FLUNG FLEW FORBORE FORBADE

Pronuncia DREMT DRIMD DRANK DRUF DULD DULD ET FEL FED FELT FOT FUND FLED FLAN FLU FRBOR FORBID

pasado DREAMT DREAMED DRUNK DRIVEN DWELLED DWELT EATEN FALLEN FED FELT FOUGHT FOUND FLED FLUNG FLOWN FORBORNE FORBIDDEN

Pronuncia DREMT DRIMD DRNK DRVEN DULD DULT IT-N FLEN FED FELT FOT FUND FLED FLAN FLUN FRBORN FORBDEN

Significado SOAR SOAR BEBER CONDUCIR HABITAR MORAR COMER CAER ALIMENTAR SENTIR LUCHAR ENCONTRAR HUIR ARROJAR VOLAR ABSTENER PROHIBIR PRONOSTICA R ABSTENER DE PREVER

FORECAST

FRCAST

FORECAST

FRCAST

FORECAST

FRCAST

FOREGO FORESEE

FORGU FRSII

FOREWENT FORESAW

FORWENT FRSOO

FOREGONE FORESEEN

FORGN FORSIN

FORETELL FORGET FORGIVE

FORTL FORGUT FORGF

FORETOLD FORGOT FORGAVE

FORTLD FORGT FROGIF

FORETOLD

FORTLD

PREDECIR OLVIDAR PERDONAR DESAMPARA R HELAR OBTENER OBTENER DORAR DORAR CEIR CEIR DAR IR MOLER CRECER COLGAR HABER, TENER HABER, TENER OR ALZAR LEVANTAR TAJAR

FORGOTTEN FORGAT-N FORGIVEN FORGVEN FRSEIKE N FRUZEN GAT GATN GLDID GILT GRDID GIRT GVEN GON GRUND GRUN JAN

FORSAKE FREEZE GET GET GILD GILD GIRD GIRD GIVE GO GRIND GROW HANG

FRSEIK FRIZ GUT GUT GILD GILD GIRD GIRD GIF GU GRIND GRU JEN

FORSOOK FROZE GOT GOT GILDED GILDED GIRDED GIRDED GAVE WENT GROUND GREW HUNG

FRSOK FRUZ GAT GAT GLDID GLDID GRDID GRDID GUIF UNT GRUND GRU JAN

FORSAKEN FROZEN GOT GOTTEN GILDED GILT GIRDED GIRT GIVEN GONE GROUND GROWN HUNG

HAVE

JAF

HAD

JAD

HAD

JAD

HAS HEAR HEAVE HEAVE HEW

JAS JIR JIF JIF JU

HAD HEARD HOVE HEAVED HEWED

JAD JERD JOF JIFT JUT

HAD HEARD HOVE HEAVED HEWED

JAD JERD JOF JIFT JUT

HEW

JU

HEWED

JUT

HEWN Participio

JUN

LABRAR

Presente HIDE HIT HOLD HURT INLAY KEEP KNEEL KNIT KNIT KNOW LAY LEAD LEAN LEAN LEAP LEAP LEARN LEARN LEAVE LEND LET

Pronuncia JID JIT JOLD JERT NLEI KIP NIL NIT NIT NU LEI LID LIN LIN LIP LIP LERN LERN LIF LND LET

Pretrito HID HIT HELD HURT INLAID KEPT KNELT KNIT KNITTED KNEW LAID LED LEANT LEANED LEAPT LEAPED LEARNED LEARNT LEFT LENT LET

Pronuncia JID JIT JELD JERT NLEIT KEPT NLT NIT NRIT NU LEIT LT LINT LIND LEPT LIPT LERND LERNT LFT LNT LET

pasado HIDDEN HIT HELD HURT INLAID KEPT KNELT KNIT KNITTED KNOWN LAID LED LEANT LEANED LEAPT LEAPED LEARNED LEARNT LEFT LENT LET

Pronuncia JDEN JIT JELD JERT NLEIT KEPT NLT NIT NRIT NUN LEIT LT LINT LIND LEPT LIPT LERND LERNT LFT LNT LET

Significado ESCONDER PEGAR SOSTENER HERIR INCRUSTAR MANTENER ARRODILLAR TEJER TEJER SABER COLOCAR DIRIGIR RECOSTAR RECOSTAR BRINCAR BRINCAR APRENDER APRENDER DEJAR, IRSE PRESTAR PERMITIR

LIE LIGHT LIGHT LOSE MAKE MAY MEAN MEET MISTAKE MOW MOW MUST OUGHT PAY PROVE PUT QUIT READ REND RID RID RIDE

LAI LIT LIT LUS MIK MI MIN MIT MISTIK MU MU MST OT PI PRF PUT CUT RID RND RD RD RID

LAY LIT LIGHTED LOST MADE MIGHT MEANT MET MISTOOK MOWED MOWED OUGHT PAID PROVED PUT QUIT READ RENT RID RIDDED RODE

LEI LT LIRID LST MID MIT MENT MT MSTOOK MUT MUT OT PIT PRFT PUT CUT RED RNT RD RDID RUD

LAIN LIT LIGHTED LOST MADE MEANT MET MISTAKEN MOWED MOWN PAID PROVEN PUT QUIT READ RENT RD RIDDED RIDDEN Participio

LEIN LT LIRID LST MID MENT MT

ACOSTARSE ENCENDER ENCENDER PERDER HACER PODER SIGNIFICAR REUNIRSE

MISTIKEN EQUIVOCAR MUT MUN PIT PRVEN PUT CUT RED RNT RID RDID RD - N SEGAR SEGAR DEBER DEBER PAGAR DEMOSTRAR PONER RENUNCIAR LEER DESGARRAR DESHACERSE DESHACERSE MONTAR

Presente

Pronuncia

Pretrito

Pronuncia

pasado

Pronuncia

Significado

RING RISE RUN SAW SAW SAY SEE SEEK SELL SEND SET SEW SEW SHAKE

RIN RIS RN SO SO SI SI SIK SELL SND SET SU SU SHIK

RANG ROSE RAN SAWED SAWED SAID SAW SOUGHT SOLD SENT SET SEWED SEWED SHOOK

REN RUS REN SOT SOT SD SO SOOT SLLD SNT SET SUT SUT SHOK

RUNG RISEN RUN SAWED SAWN SAID SEEN SOUGHT SOLD SENT SET SEWED SEWN SHAKEN

RN RSEN RN SOT SON SD SIN SOOT SLLD SNT SET SUT SN SHIKEN

LLAMAR LEVANTARSE CORRER ASERRAR ASERRAR DECIR VER BUSCAR VENDER ENVIAR PONER COSER COSER SACUDIR

SHALL SHAVE SHAVE SHEAR SHEAR SHED SHINE SHOE SHOOT

SHL SHIF SHIF SHIR SHIR SHD SHIN SHU SHUT

SHOULD SHAVED SHAVED SHEARED SHEARED SHED SHONE SHOD SHOT

SHUD SHIFT SHIFT SHIFT SHIFT SHD SHN SHOD SHT

AUX.FUTURO. (I,WE).INDICA MANDATO (HE) SHAVED SHAVEN SHEARED SHORN SHED SHONE SHOD SHOT SHIFT SHIVEN SHIFT SHORN SHD SHN SHOD SHT AFEITAR AFEITAR TRASQUILAR TRASQUILAR ESPARCIR BRILLAR CALZAR DISPARAR

SHOW SHOW SHRED SHRED SHRINK SHRINK SHUT SING SINK SIT SLAY SLEEP SLIDE SLING SLIT SMELL SMITE SOW SOW SPEAK

SHU SHU SHRD SHRD SHRNK SHRNK SHT SN SNK ST SLI SLIP SLID SLN SLT SMLL SMIT SO SO SPIK

SHOWED SHOWED SHRED SHREDDED SHRANK SHRUNK SHUT SANG SANK SAT SLEW SLEPT SLID SLUNG SLIT SMELT SMOTE SOWED SOWED SPOKE

SHOWT SHOWT SHRD SHRDID SHRNK SHRNK SHT SN SNK ST SLU SLPT SLD SLN SLT SMLT SMOT SOT SOT SPUK

SHOWED SHOWN SHRED SHREDDED SHRUNK SHRUNKEN SHUT SUNG SUNK SAT SLAIN SLEPT SLID SLUNG SLIT SMELT SMITTEN SOWED SOWN SPOKEN Participio

SHOWT SHON SHRD SHRDID SHRNK

MOSTRAR MOSTRAR ESPARCIR ESPARCIR ENCOGER

SHRNKEN ENCOGER SHT SAN SANK ST SLIN SLPT SLD SLN SLT SMLT SMIT -N SOT SON SPUKEN CERRAR CANTAR HUNDIR SENTAR MASACRAR DORMIR DESLIZAR TIRAR RAJAR OLER AFLIGIR SEMBRAR SEMBRAR HABLAR

Presente SPEED SPEED

Pronuncia SPID SPID

Pretrito SPED SPEEDED

Pronuncia SPD SPIDID

pasado SPED SPEEDED

Pronuncia SPD SPIDID

Significado ACELERAR ACELERAR

SPELL SPELL SPEND SPILL SPIN SPIT SPLIT SPOIL SPREAD SPRING

SPLL SPLL SPND SPLL SPN SPT SPLT SPIL SPRED SPRN

SPELLED SPELT SPENT SPILT SPUN SPAT SPLIT SPOILT SPREAD SPRANG

SPLED SPLT SPNT SPLT SPN SPT SPLT SPILT SPRED SPRN

SPELLED SPELT SPENT SPILT SPUN SPAT SPLIT SPOILT SPREAD SPRUNG

SPLED SPLT SPNT SPLT SPN SPT SPLT SPILT SPRED SPRN

DELETREAR DELETREAR GASTAR DERRAMAR GIRAR ESCUPIR PARTIR ESTROPEAR EXTENDER BROTAR COLOCAR VERTICAL ROBAR ADHERIR(SE) PICAR APESTAR DAR ZANCADAS GOLPEAR GOLPEAR ENSARTAR FORCEJEAR JURAR BARRER

STAND STEAL STICK STING STINK

STND STIL STCK STN STNK

STOOD STOLE STUCK STUNG STANK

STUD STL STCK STN STNK

STOOD STOLEN STUCK STUNG STUNK

STUD STLEN STCK STN STANK

STRIDE STRIKE STRIKE STRING STRIVE SWEAR SWEEP

STRID STRIK STRIK STRN STRIF SEER SUIP

STRODE STRUCK STRUCK STRUNG STROVE SWORE SWEPT

STRUD STRK STRK STRN STRUF SUR SUPT

STRIDDEN STRUCK STRICKEN STRUNG STRIVEN SWORN SWEPT

STRID-N STRK STRKEN STRN STRVEN SURN SUPT

SWELL SWELL SWIM

SULL SULL SUM

SWELLED SWELLED SWAM

SULLD SULLD SUM

SWELLED SWOLLEN SWUM

SULLD SULEN SUM

HINCHAR HINCHAR NADAR BALANCEARS E TOMAR ENSEAR RASGAR DECIR PENSAR LANZAR ENCAJAR PISOTEAR

SWING TAKE TEACH TEAR TELL THINK THROW THRUST TREAD

SUN TIK TIK TIR TL ZNK ZRU ZRST TRED

SWUNG TOOK TAUGHT TORE TOLD THOUGHT THREW THRUST TROD

SUN TUK TOT TOR TLD ZOT ZRU ZRST TRAD

SWUNG TAKEN TAUGHT TORN TOLD THOUGHT THROWN THRUST TRODDEN

SUN TIKEN TOT TORN TLD ZOT ZRUN ZRST TROD-N

UNDERSTAN ANDERSTAN UNDERSTOO ANDERST D D D D UNDO UNHOLD UPSET WAKE WAKE AND ANJLD PSET UIK UIK UNDID UNHELD UPSET WOKE WAKED ANDD ANJLD PSET UUK UIKT

UNDERSTOO ANDERST D D UNDONE UNHELD UPSET WOKEN WAKED Participio ANDN ANJLD PSET UUKEN UIKT

ENTENDER DESHACER SOSTENER VOLCAR DESPERTAR DESPERTAR

Presente

Pronuncia

Pretrito

Pronuncia

pasado

Pronuncia

Significado LLEVAR, USAR TEJER

WEAR WEAVE

UER UIF

WORE WOVE

UR UUF

WORN WOVEN

URN UUVEN

WEEP WET WET WILL WIN WIND

UIP UT UT ULL UN UND

WEPT WET WETTED WOULD WON WOUND

UPT UT UT-ID UD UN UND

WEPT WET WETTED WON WOUND WITHDRAW N WITHHELD

UPT UT UT-ID UN UND

LLORAR MOJAR MOJAR AUX. FUTURO GANAR ENROLLAR RETIRAR ($$$) RETENER RESISTIR TORCER ESCRIBIR .

WITHDRAW WITHHOLD

UZDRO UZJOLD

WITHDREW WITHHELD

UZDRU UZJELD

UZDRON UZJELD

WITHSTAND UZSTND WRING WRITE . RN RIT .

WITHSTOOD UZSTUD WRUNG WROTE . RN RUT .

WITHSTOOD UZSTUD WRUNG WRITTEN . RN RT -N .