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Rajendra Chola I - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Rajendra Chola I
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

"Rajendra Chola" redirects here. For Rajendra Chola II, see Rajendra Chola II. Rajendra Chola I (Rajendra Chola the Great) (Tamil: தலா இராேச திர ேசாழ ) was the son of Rajaraja Chola I and was one of the greatest rulers of Tamil Chola dynasty of India. He succeeded his father in 1014 CE as the Chola emperor. During his reign, he extended the influences of the already vast Chola empire up to the banks of the river Ganges in the north and across the ocean. Rajendra’s territories extended coastal Burma, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Maldives, conquered the kings of Srivijaya (Sumatra, Java and Malay Peninsula in South East Asia) and Pegu islands with his fleet of ships. He defeated Mahipala, the Pala king of Bengal and Bihar, and to commemorate his victory he built a new capital called Gangaikonda Cholapuram. The Cholas became one of the most powerful dynasties in Asia during his reign. The Tamil Chola armies exacted tribute from Thailand and the Khmer kingdom of Cambodia. Like the predecessors of the Cholas, the Pallavas and the contemporaneous Pandiyans, the Cholas too under Raja Raja I the father of Rajendra and then Rajendra Chola I too undertook several expeditions to occupy territories outside Indian shores. Of these kings, it was Rajendra who made extensive overseas conquests of territories like the Andamans, Lakshadweepa, wide areas of Indo China (Thailand, Cambodia, Malaysia, Laos, Indonesia and Modern Vietnam) and indeed, Burma (**). In fact, Rajendra Chola I was the first Indian king to take his armies overseas and make conquests of these territories, even though there is epigraphical evidence of Pallava presence in these very areas, but it is not known that Burma and Indo-China were subordinate to them, as they were under Rajendra and his successors up to Kulothunga I. He also built a temple for Siva at Gangaikonda Cholapuram, similar in design to the Tanjore Brihadisvara temple built by Rajaraja Chola and expanded the Pathirakali Amman Temple and Koneswaram temples of Trincomalee. He assumed titles Parakesari and Yuddhamalla.

Rajendra Chola I
தலா இராேச திர ேசாழ

Rajendra Chola's Territories c. 1030 CE Reign 1012–1044 CE Title Parakesari, Yuddhamalla Capital Thanjavur Gangaikonda Cholapuram Queen Tribhuvana Mahadeviyar Pancavan Madeviyar Viramadevi Children Rajadhiraja Chola I Rajendra Chola II Virarajendra Chola Arulmolinangayar Ammangadevi

1 Co-regent

2 Ascension and early reign

3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I .[1] Rajadhiraja continued to rule alongside his father for the next 26 years.7 Closing years 4 Social work 5 Gangaikonda Cholapuram 6 Officials 7 Personal life and family 8 Sri Kalahasti Temple 9 Historic Novels Featuring Rajendra Chola I 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links Predecessor Rajaraja Chola Successor Rajadhiraja Chola I Father Rajaraja Chola Born Unknown Died 1044 CE Co-regent Rajaraja Chola I had made the crown prince Rajendra co-regent in 1012.wikipedia. A portrait of Rajendra Chola I.3 Pandyas and Cheras 3.5 Expedition to the Ganges 3. Rajendra was at the forefront of some of Rajaraja's campaigns such as those against Vengi and Kalinga towards the end of his reign.2 Invasion of Sri Lanka 3. The son ruled in full regal status as the father.Wikipedia.4 Chalukyas Wars 3.1 Early campaigns 3. Early in his reign in 1018 CE he installed his eldest son Rajadhiraja Chola I as yuvaraja (Co-regent). This practice was probably adapted initially to obviate disputed succession.Rajendra is also famous for making rock cut raths. the free encyclopedia 2 Ascension and early reign 3 Military conquests 3. two years after his installation as the Co Regent. Ascension and early reign Rajendra formally ascended the Chola throne in 1014 CE. en.[1] Both son and father reigned as equals during the final few years of Rajaraja's life.6 Overseas conquests 2/12 .

. Karnataka: List of Chola kings Early Cholas Elara Chola · 235 BC – 161 BC Ilamcetcenni · Karikala Chola Nedunkilli · Killivalavan · Kopperuncholan Kocengannan · Perunarkilli Interregnum (c. He overran large parts of the Chalukyan territory including Yedatore(a large part of the Raichur district between the Krishna and the Tungabhadra). having become his great queens. Southern Maharashtra up to Kolhapur and Pandharpur. Military conquests Early campaigns Rajendra’s records include the many campaigns he carried on behalf of Rajaraja from c.Wikipedia. 1002 CE These include the conquest of the Rashtrakuta country and region around the current northwestern Karnataka state. whose walls were surrounded by sulli trees. conquered with his great war-like army Idaiturai-nadu. carried the war into the heart of the Chalukya country and attacked their capital. In some cases. Banavasi in the north-west of Mysore.. before taking a tour of the capital Mannaikadakkam (Manyakheta). Rajendra also led campaigns against the Western Chalukya Satyasraya and his successor Jayasimha-II by crossing the river Tungabhadra. the eldest son was overlooked in favour of a more talented younger son.[2] 848– 871(?) 871–907 907–950 950–957 956–957 957–970 970–985 985–1014 1012– 1044 1018– 1054 3/12 ” Invasion of Sri Lanka See also: Chola occupation of Sri Lanka (993-1077) . Kollipakkai. having become constant. Those who distinguished themselves in these positions were then chosen as heir apparent. the goddess of Victory in battle and the matchless goddess of Fame. Vanavasi shut in by a fence of continuous forests.200–848) Medieval Cholas Vijayalaya Chola Aditya I Parantaka Chola I Gandaraditya Arinjaya Chola Sundara Chola Uttama Chola Rajaraja Chola I Rajendra Chola I Rajadhiraja Chola en. the free encyclopedia The system of choosing a successor in the lifetime and associating him in the discharge of administrative duties is an important aspect of Chola administration.wikipedia. increased. Here is an excerpt of his inscription(original in Tamil) from Kolar. The princes who had come of age were appointed in various positions of authority in the different provinces of the empire according to the individual's aptitude and talent. and while the goddess of the great “ In the 8th year of the reign of Kopparakesarivanmar sri Rajendra Sola Deva. who.while the goddess of Fortune.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . rejoiced-that in his extended lifetime. modern day Kulpak located to the north of Hyderabad in present day Andhra Pradesh. Both the kings were forced to flee from their capital into the western ghats with the Chola emperor erecting a Siva temple at Bhatkal after completing his victory and levying tribute on the vanquished Chalukya kings. Mannaikkadakkam whose fortification was unapproachable. He also conquered Kollipakkai.

Rajendra Chola was able to fulfill his father's dream to bring the whole Sri Lanka under Chola territory. The Sinhala hero Vijayabahu the Great who vanquished Cholas from Sri Lanka made every possible effort to restore what Cholas destroyed. and the more beautiful crown of his queen. However. Rajendra also captured the crown of the Sinhala king. the free encyclopedia To complete the task begun by his father.conquered with his great war-like army Idaiturai-nadu. Chola army fought and defeated them all. who-. Mahavamsa records indicates that Chola invasion and conquest of Lanka as a carnage wrought by the pillaging Chola army in the Sinhala country.. The Sinhala king Mahinda V was taken prisoner and transported to the Chola country" The same way son of pandu(arjuna) brought drupada. Rajendra invaded the island in 1018 CE As a result of the campaign. Vikramabahu died soon after and anarchy reigned outside the Chola territories. his Queen and daughter. which the king of the south (the Pandya) had previously surrendered to the kings of Ilam.etc. An assortment of adventurers including Sinhalese. The Cholas prevailed over the Sinhalas and re-established their control which lasted till the time of Kulothunga Chola III. The war between the Cholas and the Sinhalese raged. Rajendra claimed to have captured the regal jewels of the Pandya kings. In 1041 CE Rajendra had to lead another expedition into Sri Lanka to quell the continuing attacks against the Chola army by Vikramabahu.the crown of the king of Ilam(Ceylon).". which Parantaka I tried in vain to capture.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . Vanavasi. the beautiful crown and the necklace of Indra. Karnataka: 1054 Rajendra Chola II Virarajendra Chola Athirajendra Chola Later Cholas Kulothunga Chola I Vikrama Chola 1070– 1120 1118– 1135 1133– 1150 1146– 1173 1166– 1178 1178– 1218 1216– 1256 1246– 1279 1051– 1063 1063– 1070 1067– 1070 “ In the 8th year of the reign of Kopparakesarivanmar sri Rajendra Sola Devar.wikipedia. Remains of a number of Hindu temples damaged by the Sinhalas after the end of Tamil occupation in Sri Lanka have been discovered around the Polonnaruwa area attesting to the presence of the Tamil army... He was held prisoner for over twelve years and died in captivity. Pandyas and Cheras Chola military · Chola Navy Chola art · Chola literature Solesvara Temples Poompuhar · Uraiyur Melakadambur 4/12 .Wikipedia. An excerpt of his inscription from Kolar.. occupy and control the island of Sri Lanka. in return for which the Cholas sent their army to invade. This was because they were a part of the sinhalese government. Chola inscriptions speak about the fight between the Cholas and the Sinhalas mainly due to the fact that the traders from Tamil country had been looted. the whole of Iramandalam surrounded by the clear sea. (for many reasons Raja Raja Chola I was able to conquer only half of the Sri Lanka in his time) of conquering the island of Srilanka. Thus. imprisoned and killed for years together. dispossessed Pandya princes and even a certain Jagaitpala from distance Kanauj asserted authority over portions of the island.[2] Kulothunga Chola II ” Rajaraja Chola II Rajadhiraja Chola II Kulothunga Chola III Rajaraja Chola III Rajendra Chola III Chola society Chola government Mahinda’s son Kassapa became the centre of Sihalese resistance against the Tamil Power..

wikipedia. the Western Chalukyas invaded Vengi and drove Rajaraja Narendra into exile and installed Vijayaditya as the Vengi king. Rajendra Chola deputed his able son Rajadhiraja I as head of the Chola army which invaded the Vengi and in a bloody battle near 5/12 . Rajendra’s forces met Jayasimha in the western front and defeated him in the battle of Maski. Rajaraja Narendra regained his throne in 1035 CE en.Rajendra Chola I describes his victory over Jayasimha as under: "the seven and a half lakshas of Iratta-padi. A civil war ensued between Vijayaditya and Rajaraja. who.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . seeds of the fame of the Pandya kings’ and that ‘…the fearless Madurantaka (Rajendra) crossed the mountains and in a fierce battle brought ruin upon the Chera kings. one to Vengi and the other to the Chalukyan capital itself. Many of Jayasimha-II's generals. out of fear (and) full of vengeance. Soon after his ascension. his nephew (for Kundavai was Rajendra’s sister). but had been graciously restored to the throne by Raja Raja I and became a tribute paying subordinate. Melakadambur Gangaikonda Cholapuram Thanjavur Tiruvarur · Telugu Cholas Rajendra appointed one of his sons as viceroy with the title Jadavarman Sundara Chola-Pandya with Madurai as the headquarters of the Viceroyalty. the capital of Jayasimha-II. Rajaraja Narendra had his long delayed coronation in Vengi after the return of the triumphant expedition to the Ganges in 1022 CE and Rajendra gave his daughter Ammanga in marriage to Rajaraja. (which was) strong by nature.Wikipedia. It is doubtful whether Rajendra added any additional territory to his empire through these campaigns as these have already been conquered by Rajaraja very early in his reign. Rajendra routed Jayasimha thoroughly with the result the Chalukya king ran away from his capital and was forced to flee and rule from Etagiri. Chalukyas Wars C.[3] Jayasimha also decided to involve himself in the affairs of the Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi. Rajraja Narendra was soon able to defeat the forces of Vijayaditya. Thanjavur. Jayasimha threw his support behind Vijayaditya VII against the claims of Rajaraja Narendra.[7] (and which he took from) Jayasimha.[4] Rajendra followed the same tactic adopted by his illustrious father of sending two armies.[3] Rajendra naturally had his affinity towards Rajaraja. he tried to recover the losses suffered by his predecessor Satyasraya in the hands of the Cholas. turned his back at Muyangi and hid himself".[1] Rajendra’s Tiruvalangadu grants claim that he …’took possession of the bright spotless pearls. After the demise of the Vengi king Vimaladitya.[3] Rajendra's forces also crossed swords with the Chalukyas at Kollippakkai near Mannaikadakkam (Manyakheta). the free encyclopedia In 1018. In 1031 CE. as described in the Tiruvalangadu plates of Rajendra I. pushed back Vijayaditya and his Western Chalukya ally. However with the help of Rejendra. Initially Jayasimha II was successful as Rajendra was busy with his campaigns against the Pandyas and in Sri Lanka. Rajaraja once again sought Chola help in regaining his throne. Rajendra made a triumphal march at the head of his army through the Pandya and Cheras (Kerala) countries. called Mahasamantas and Dandanayakas paid with their lives for the intransigence of their inept king. (through the conquest of which) immeasurable fame arose. unable to withstand the Chola onslaught. This war is extensively described in the inscriptions of Rajendra Chola I at the Raja Rajesvara Temple. In 1015 Jayasimha II became the Western Chalukya king. who has fled his capital. 1021 Rajendra had to turn his attention towards the Western Chalukyas. another of Vimaladitya’s sons by the Chola princess Kundavai.

3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . the free encyclopedia Due to his consistent and complete vanquishing of the Chalukyas under Satyashraya and Jayasimha-II along with their feudatories. Irattapadikonda Sozhan. gold. the Kadambas. Malaysia and Indonesia).Wikipedia. and either decapitating or killing several Chalukyan Dandanayakas and Mahasamantas near modern Chitradurga. Cambodia. This subjugation of the Chalukyas would intensify conflict between both empires with the Chalukyas to suffer more defeats at the hands of the successors of Rajendra I in the coming years(***). Gangaiyum Kadaramum Konda Ayyan(***). of which one is still standing at the Sarabeshwarar temple in Tirubhuvanam. especially those of his illustrious father Raja Raja I by placing inscriptions of his achievements only at the Big Temple in Thanjavur and not at Gangaikonda Cholapuram. Nirupathivaagaran (the king who subdued Hoysala Nrupathunga and his successors). Vietnam. This was the first full-fledged war between the Cholas and Chalukyas in which Rajadhiraja Chola took the command of the Chola army in which he shone and proved his capabilities to his eager father(***) As a gift to his father. A few years before his death. For his conquest of territories in the Ganges-Hooghly belt on the North and Eastern part of India as well as his victories over the adversaries in IndoChina (Laos. Rajadhiraja promptly attacked Chalukyan positions in Kogali and Kadambalige. cavalry items like horses. Banas. 'Jayasimha Saraban' (the vanquisher of Jayasimha). Thanjavur(***). the king who conquered Irattapadi or the land of the Rashtrakutas (later usurped by the Chalukyas). following which the command was taken by his able son and co-regent Rajadhiraja Chola (called Vijayarajendra in Tamil inscriptions about this episode). who graciously restored them their empires and re-integrated them with their wives. Expedition to the Ganges en. Rajendra I had famous titles like Mudikonda Chozhan (crown prince).(***). Rajadhiraja or Vijayarajendra brought two Dwarapalakas from Chalukya country which were initially placed at the big temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram. the ageing Rajendra Chola also again invaded the Chalukyan capital of Manyakheta due to Chalukya Jayasimha-II and his successor Somesvara I's interference in the Chola territories of Nulambavadi and Gangavadi in Kannada country when they attacked a Chola post and tried to forcibly collect revenues from farmers. The above episode in detail has been mentioned in the inscriptions of Rajendra Chola I and his son Rajadhiraja at the Big Temple. with all of them getting coronated at Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the neighbouring ceremonial site of Mudigonda Sozhapuram or Ayirattali but placing inscriptions only at the Big Temple in Thanjavur. Chalukyan capital of Manyakheta – called Mannaikadakkam in Chola annals). Rajendra Chola I earned the famous title of Poorvadesamum. Vaidumbas and the Gangas etc. 6/12 . Despite founding the new Chola capital of Gangaikonda Cholapuram. Mannaikonda Sozhan (the King who took possession of Mannai(kadakkam) i.wikipedia. children etc. Rajendra I was unfailing in according respect to his predecessor's achievements. elephants and armaments in addition to vast sums of cash which were ceded by the Chalukya kings as tribute to the Chola emperors. The other Dwarapalaka is in the museum of the Big Temple in Tanjore.e. This practice was kept up by the succeeding Chola kings. after which he invaded the Chalukyan capital of Manyakheta itself. and the establishment of control over Kannada country. which was built by a later Chola king Kulothunga III. disposing and probably fatally wounding Jayasimha-II and dispossessing him of his queen. jewellery. A Chola outpost was attacked leading to a resounding reply by the Chola forces first under Rajendra I. The victories in war with the Chalukyas would enable to Cholas to gain much riches.

org/wiki/Rajendra_Chola_I .[6] Overseas conquests Main article: South-East Asia campaign of Rajendra Chola I Between the 11th and the 14th year of Rajendra’s reign c. which had fine fortifications as its defence. the Vichchadirattorana at the war-gate of the enemy's extensive city.[7] “ In the 22nd year of the reign of Kopparakesarivanmar sri Rajendra Sola Deva. This is possible because of chola domination of both the seas on east and west. Pannai watered by the river. Māppappālam.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . of Raja Raja-III too.-. It is true that Rajendra's army defeated the kings of Sakkarakottam and Dhandabhukti and Mahipala.wikipedia. who. The inscriptions further claim that Rajendra defeated ‘…the armies of Ranasura and entered the land of Dharmapala and subdued him and thereby he reached the Ganges and caused the water river to be brought by the conquered kings’ back to the Chola country. while at the same time acting firmly to nip in the bud any ill-treatment of people from Tamil country.the extensive sri-Vijaiyam.. But the benevolent leadership of the Cholas treated them in a benevolent manner and did not permanently annexe them to the Chola dominions.etc. the ancient Malaiyur. These territories were initially added to the kingdom.. along with his elephants.. Ilangāsōbam. Along with Kadaram. the capital of the powerful maritime kingdom. Mēvilambangam. 1019 CE Rajendra’s forces continued to march through Kalinga to the river Ganges. The new conquests opened up new roots for the Cholas to head for distant lands like Burma by land (through what are now modern Orissa. having abundant waters as it guard. was sacked and the king taken captive. the wicket door set with jewels of great splendour. 1025. Kadaram. Valaippandūru. the Chola Navy crossed the ocean and attacked the Srivijaya kingdom of Sangrama Vijayatungavarman. whose fortress was on a high hill. The Emperor himself advanced up to the river Godavari to protect the rear of the expeditionary force. Kedah (now in modern Malaysia) too was occupied. Many inscriptions of chola do refer to the chola control over provinces of north like mathura(vadamadurai). while later they had the status of tribute paying subordinates and trade partners with the Chola Kingdom. West Bengal. Assam and Bangladesh).and who-having sent many ships in the midst of the billowing sea and having [captured] Sangirama-vijaiyattungopanma. C. Vanavasi.conquered with his great war-like army Idaiturai-nadu.. situated in the 7/12 en. an arrangement that lasted till the times of Kulothunga-III and to a limited extent. the king of Kidaram. and the door set with large jewels. Pannai in present day Sumatra and Malaiyur in the Malayan peninsula were attacked.Wikipedia. the moat around which was the deep sea. the campaign lasted less than two years in which many kingdoms of the north felt the might of the Chola army. of undaunted heroic deeds. It was undoubtedly an exhibition of the power and might of the Chola empire to the northern kingdoms.[5] According to the Tiruvalangadu Plates. the free encyclopedia Main article: Chola expedition to North India With both the Western and Eastern Chalukya fronts subdued.took [the large heap of treasures that he had rightfully amassed]. Māyirudingam. The Chola army eventually reach the Pala kingdom of Bengal where they met Mahipala and defeated him. kanyakubja(kannaikucchi or kannauj) and sindhu(sind). Rajendra’s armies undertook an extraordinary expedition.

praised by great men versed in the sciences.[8] ” Sangarama Vijayatungavarman was the son of Mara Vijayatungavarman of the Sailendra dynasty. Talaittakolam. even if we take all the achievements narrated in Rajendra’s inscriptions are accepted as literally true. The commercial intercourse between Cholas and the Chinese were continuous and extensive. Nilamuri-desam. and Kidaram. Rajendra confirmed this grant in the Anaimangalam grants showing that the relationship with Srivijaya was still continued be friendly. Closing years Rajendra’s long reign saw almost continuous campaigns and conflicts trying to hold his huge empire together. Rebellions in the Pandya and Kerala countries called for severe action and Rajadhiraja Chola I suppressed them. The Chinese records of the Song Dynasty show that first mission to China from Chu-lien (Chola) reached that country in 1015 CE and the king of their country was Lo-ts’a-lo-ts’a (Rajaraja).wikipedia. Rajaraja encouraged Mara Vijayatungavarman to build the Chudamani Vihara at Nagapattinam. There are no records to explain the nature of and the reason for this naval expedition. The emperor refrained from taking the field personally allowing his sons to win glory and distinction. He also undertook a campaign in Sri Lanka to quell a rebellion instigated by Kassapa. Whatever the actual cause of this expedition.. Mānakkavāram having gardens. The exact cause of the quarrel that caused the naval war between Cholas and Srivijaya remains unknown.Wikipedia.. Social work en.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . The Cholas had an active trade relationship with the eastern island. Rajendra’s sons carried out most of the campaigns during the late period of his reign. The Sailendra dynasty had been in good relations with the Chola Empire during the period of Rajaraja Chola I. Sangaram Vijayatungavarman was restored to the throne at his agreement to pay periodic tribute to 8/12 . it is difficult to believe that. the campaign led to any permanent territories rather than a vague acceptance of the Chola suzerainty by Srivijaya. Both the Srivijaya and Cholas had active dialogue with the Chinese and sent diplomatic missions to China. of steady heroic deeds. guarded by men who wore ankle-rings. Srivijaya kingdom was located near Palembang in Sumatra. One reason could be a trade dispute stemming from some attempts by Srivijaya to throw some obstacle between the flourishing trade between China and the Cholas. Madamalingam. whose fierce strength was increased by enmity. Tanjavur inscriptions also state that the king of Kambhoja (Kampuchea) requesting Rajendra’s help in defeating enemies of his Angkor kingdom. the free encyclopedia midst of green jungles. Moreover the Srivijaya kingdom and the South Indian empires were the intermediaries in the trade between China and the countries of the Western world. Another embassy from Shi-lo-cha Yin-to-loChu-lo (Sri Raja Indra Chola) reached China in 1033 CE and a third in 1077 CE during Kulothunga Chola I. in which the flowers were full of honey. of fierce strength.

as the old capital Thanjavur had very strong fortifications. and having captured Sangirama Vijaiyattungapanma. Ilam. Palas of Bengal. The Chola imperialism was a benevolent one attested by the presence of the traditional rulers in the Pandya and Kerala countries and the act of reinstating the Srivijaya king after his defeat. They retained it as their capital. son of Rajendra Sola Brahmamarayan alias Narkanna sri Krishnan Raman.Wikipedia.. the free encyclopedia Rajendra Chola was very pious and he converted many of the temples that were originally brick structures into stone shrines just like his mother.wikipedia.etc. Gangaikonda Cholapuram Main article: Gangaikonda Cholapuram To commemorate his celebrated military conquests over the Chalukyas. He also granted a perpetual lamp known by the name of Janavarkalpagam to be burned before the goddess for as long as the sun and the moon endure. Rajendra probably founded the city of Gangaikondacholapuram before his 17th year.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . reoriented and trained the efficient Chola army. Here is an excerpt of his inscription(original in Tamil) from Kolar district in Karnataka: “ In the 22nd year of the reign of Kopparakesarivanmar alias sri Rajendra Sola Deva who conquered with his great warlike army the great Idaiturai nadu. the Paramaras or Maharashtra/Gujarat area. Uchhangi Pandyas etc.[9] The extent of the empire was the widest and the military and naval prestige was at its highest. Vanavasi. the capital was moved from Thanjavur to Gangaikondacholapuram.. Soon after this..[10] The emperor was ably assisted by his sons and other members of his family. Madurai and the Cheras as well as his famed northern campaign to the Ganges.. Officials en. of Keralantaka chaturvedimangalam. Nolamba Pallavas.. Most of the Chola kings who succeeded Rajendra were crowned here.[8] ” Kuvalala nadu was the name given to the area around Kolar 9/12 . = Rajendra’s legacy == The closing years of Rajendra forms the most splendid period of Cholas. Irattapadikonda Sozhan among scores of other titles of his and had the Siva Temple Gangaikondacholapuram built and consecrated. Rajendra assumed the title of Gangaikonda Cholan and other famous titles like Mudigondasozhan. the general Uttama Sola Brahmamarayan alias Marayan Arumoli.According to the command of sri Rajendra Sola Deva.caused to be built [of stone] what had formerly been built of brick in the temple of Pidariyar Kuvalalam in the Kuvalala nadu. their subordinates and feudatories like the Hoysalas. It is not known whether the capital was moved to the new location for strategic purposes.

son of Kundavai (RajaRaja Cholan's daughter) and the chalukya king Vimaladithan.Wikipedia.Margalzhi Thingal and on the day of Thiruvathirai. The famed novelist of Tamil Literature. became senapati after Krishnan Raman.wikipedia. Of his sons. Rajadhiraja Chola. the free encyclopedia Senapati Narakkan Sri Krishnan Raman alias Rajendra-Chola-Brahmamarayan of Keralantaka 10/12 . For this reason lord goes by the name udumbeeswarar in the temple of makaral. Rajendra Chola had many queens. Personal life and family Rajendra Cholan I. As per the inscripts of Thiruvalangadu.[11] The others include Irayiravan Pallavaraiyan who also served during the reign of his father. Vayu is incarnated as Lord Shiva and worshipped as Kalahasteeswara. Sri Kalahasti Temple Sri Kalahasti temple. Some of them mentioned in inscriptions are Tribuvana or Vanavan Mahadeviar. Akilan gives insight about the life and achievement of the great Rajendra Chola. Rajendra Cholan had two daughters . Historic Novels Featuring Rajendra Chola I 1. He spent most of his childhood in Palayarai and was brought up by his father's sister Kundavai and great grand mother Sembian Madevi in the saivisam way.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . Panchavan Mahadevi. Akilan has penned a novel by name "Vengayin Maindhan". The siddanta saravali of trilochana sivacharya who was a contemporary of Kulothunga III says that king Rajendran was a good writer and that he did compose hymns in praise of Lord Shiva. say that the emperor was waylaid by lord sivan who appeared to him as a golden crocodoile and enslaved him there. After being blessed with a vision. he was originally named as Maduranthagan. three followed him on the Chola throne in succession. ArindhavanMadevi and Viramadevi who committed sati on Rajendra’s death. This novel en. The emperor is also known to have personally participated with love in the saiva agama worship rituals of the temple.[12] Raman Arumoziyaan son of Krishnan Raman called as Uththamasola brahmarayan.named Pranaar Arul Mozhi Nangai and Ammanga Devi. Constructed by Rajendra Chola. the emperor donated gold for regular conduct of festivals like tiruvadirai and kumbabishekham in the temple. Ammanga Devi was married to Rajaraja Narendran. was born on the Tamil month . the only son of Rajaraja Cholan. The temple inscriptions as well as sthalapuranam of tirumakaral a sivan temple near kanchipuram. Rajendra Chola II and Virarajendra Chola of whom we do not know the identity of the Madurai viceroy Jatavarman Sundara Chola Pandya. which is the only shrine for the God of Wind in India. In this novel. Mukkokilan.

John. 11. K. and culture : Shri K. the veteran historical Tamil Novelist has penned Mannan Magal novel taking the period of Rajendra Chola I's War Expedition to Ganges. OUP. 2. though successive Chola Kings from Rajaraja I to Kulothunga III have assumed titles as 'Kings who conquered Ilam'. A. Another veteran historical Tamil novelist Vembu Vikiraman had penned a novel. New Delhi (Reprinted 2002). page 70 ^ See Keay. page 39-40 ^ See Schmidt. p220 ^ See Nilakanta Sastri. pp 209 – 212. K. despite a later king of Lanka sending an embassy to the Chola adversary Vikramaditya VI of the Chalukya dynasty. en. 3. 6. Gangaikondacholapuram c. A. subsequent to which another expedition to Ilangai caused the Sinhala king to flee to Rohana hills on the South Coast of that country. A. rebellions were being quelled and Chola authority on the island of 'Ilangai' was maintained. reinforcing the fact that off and on. ISBN 0-8021-3797-0. Rajendra Chola is the hero of the novel. page 358 ^ South Indian shrines: illustrated. 10. Part 1. ^ Epigraphia Carnatica. (1935). The Cholas. K.. page 53 7.wikipedia. N.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . Volume 10. "Gangapuri Kavalan". Nilakanta Sastri. A. 1030 C. page 41 ^ a b Epigraphia Carnatica.R. Notes 1. 2.Wikipedia. New York: Grove Press. Part 1. page 32 ^ a b c See Sastri. (1955). ^ a b c See Sastri. 12. India: A History. K. p109 ^ Śrīnidhiḥ: perspectives in Indian archaeology. 3. Preceded by Rajaraja Chola I Chola 1012–1044 CE Succeeded by Rajadhiraja Chola References Keay. A History of South India. Part 1. (1935). Sandilyan. p166 ^ Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal. A History of South India. Volume 11/12 . The CōĻas. Srinivasan festschrift. K. N. A. John (2001). Madras (Reprinted 1984). A History of South India.E. University of Madras. Nilakanta Sastri. p165 ^ a b Epigraphia Carnatica.. 9. 4. 8. Volume 10. p32 ^ See Rothermund and Kulke. Sastri bases his argument on the fact that these regions were not included in the inscriptions of his successors. 5. K. art. the free encyclopedia had won the Sahitya Academy Award.

India Archæological Dept By India. Majumdar. pp. additional terms may apply. Nilakanta Sastri. Dietmar.jstor. and culture : Shri K. Brill 12/12 . A history of India. V. Archaeological Survey of India.R.wikipedia.html#p107953) 25 ெபய க (25 Names of Rajendra chola) (http://www.E. [1] (http://www. The Overseas Expeditions of King Rājendra Chola (http://www. K.Y: M. K. (1955). A History of South India – From Prehistoric Times to the Fall of Vijayanagar (Reprinted 2003). Raman Epigraphia Indica. ISBN 0-415-15482-0. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Karl Ludwig (1997). See Terms of Use for details. 318–336. pp. Volume 22 By Devadatta Ramkrishna Bhandarkar. Inc. India. An Atlas and Survey of South Asian History (Sources and Studies in World History). a non-profit organization. N.Wikipedia. K. art.wikipedia. 338–342.lakdiva.php?title=Rajendra_Chola_I&oldid=542184344" Categories: Chola dynasty Tamil monarchs Indian monarchs Hindu monarchs 1040s deaths Tamil people This page was last modified on 5 March 2013 at 10:02. Artibus Asiae Publishers.. Hermann (1998). R. Kenneth (October 1975). (1961). en. Schmidt. Archæological Dept External links http://www. of Archaeology. New York: Routledge. Volume 4 Volumes 13–14 of [Reports] (1896–1897): New imperial series. Artibus Asiae 24 (3/4). ISBN 1-56324-334-2. Archaeological Survey Epigraphia Indica. the free encyclopedia இராேச திர ேசாழன chola-t26503. Sharpe. R. India. Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient 18 (3). . C.whatisindia. R. Srinivasan festschrift By K.3/7/13 Rajendra Chola I . Srinivasan. A. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation. (1935) Śrīnidhiḥ: perspectives in Indian archaeology. Hall. * Nilakanta . Dept. Khmer Commercial Development and Foreign Contacts under Sūryavarman I ( Retrieved from "http://en.