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PRACTICA 3: EQUILIBRIO LIQUIDO-VAPOR DE UN SISTEMA QUE OBEDECE LA LEY

DE RAOULT.

x1

i 1 11

i1

10

x1
i

0.3

0.4

i 11

x2

i 1

x1

x2 1 x1

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

10

1.3711
1.3688
1.3648
1.3624
1.3587
1.3554
1.3502
1.3439
1.3385
1.3308
1.3226

1.38
1.37
1.36
i

1.35
1.34
1.33
1.32

0.1

0.2

0.9

11

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

x1i

0.01
3

810

0
0.0026
0.0034
0.0059
0.007
0.0086
0.0082

610

410

210

0.2

0.0068

0.6
x1i

0.0062
0.0033

0.4

y
i

x x1
i

0.8

PRACTICA 3: EQUILIBRIO LIQUIDO-VAPOR DE UN SISTEMA QUE OBEDECE LA LEY


DE RAOULT.
c 5

b 3

d 7

e 10

Given
2
3
4
yi bxi c xi d xi e xi
i

xiyi bxi
i

xi

xi yi
2

xi

xi

xi

xi

xi

xi

xi

xi

xi

b 0.0222

c 0.0048

d 0.0147

e 0.0027

C 0.0007

b
c Find( b c d e )
d
e

C

xi
i

i
3

xi yi

d 8 C

B 0.0101

c 3 B 5 C
1

A 0.0317

aj x1 x2 A B x1 x2 C x1 x2
i

i
aj i

910

8.110

7.210

6.310

5.410

4.510

3.610

2.710

1.810

910

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5
xi xi

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9

PRACTICA 3: EQUILIBRIO LIQUIDO-VAPOR DE UN SISTEMA QUE OBEDECE LA LEY


DE RAOULT.
x1
i

i 11

x2 x1 x2 A B x1 x2 C x1 x2
i 1

CURVA DE CALIBRACIN

1.38
1.37
i

1.36

1.3612
1.35
i
1.34
1.33
1.32

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

x1i x1i 0.34

x1 0.3

x2 0.5

1.3268 x1

11

x2 x1 x2
A B ( x1 x2) C ( x1 x2)

x1 Find( x1 x2)

x2

Given
1

x1 0.9522

x2 0.0478

0.8

0.9

PRACTICA 3: EQUILIBRIO LIQUIDO-VAPOR DE UN SISTEMA QUE OBEDECE LA LEY


DE RAOULT.

Tabla de datos experimentales:

x1

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.0

76
74
74
72
70
69
67
64
62
60
58

y1

1.3711
1.3672
1.3612
1.3553
1.3488
1.3478
1.3396
1.3352
1.3313
1.3268
1.3226

0
0.1434
0.3348
0.4879
0.6254
0.6443
0.7818
0.8454
0.8971
0.9522
1.0000

Diagrama de fases t-x-y experimental

76
74.2
72.4
70.6
ti
ti

68.8
67
65.2
63.4
61.6
59.8
58

0.1

0.2

0.3 0.4

0.5
x1i y1 i

0.6 0.7

0.8

0.9

PRACTICA 3: EQUILIBRIO LIQUIDO-VAPOR DE UN SISTEMA QUE OBEDECE LA LEY


DE RAOULT.

Clculos tericos
A1 18.5875

B1 3626.55

A2 18.6929

B2 3640.20

x1 0.9

t 1

x2 1 x1

B1

B2

t x1 t 1 x2 t 2

Psat 1 exp A1

t 1 58.0116

t 2 75.8299

t 59.7934

B1

Psat 1 629.2285

t 273.15 C1

Psat 2 exp A2

y1

P 585

x2 0.1

C2 273.15

A2 ln( P)

C2 53.54

C1 273.15

A1 ln( P)

t 2

C1 34.29

t 273.15 C2
B2

x1 Psat 1

Psat 2 288.4224

y1 0.968y2

Sumay y1 y2
t 1 t

x2 Psat 2

y2 0.0493

Sumay 1.0173

S1 Sumay
t 71

Psat 1 exp A1

B1

Psat 2 exp A2

y1

Psat 1 976.1986

t 273.15 C1

t 273.15 C2

x1 Psat 1

B2

y1 1.5018y2

Sumay y1 y2
t 2 t

Psat 2 476.6746

x2 Psat 2
P

Sumay 1.5833
S2 Sumay

y2 0.0815

PRACTICA 3: EQUILIBRIO LIQUIDO-VAPOR DE UN SISTEMA QUE OBEDECE LA LEY


DE RAOULT.

t t 2 ( 1 S2 )

S2 S1

Psat 1 exp A1

B1

x1 Psat 1

B2

Sumay y1 y2
t 1 t 2

t 2 t

S2 S1

t 59.3878

Psat 1 618.9223

B1

x1 Psat 1

B2

Sumay y1 y2
t 1 t 2

y1

x1 Psat 1
P

t 2 t

S2 Sumay

S2 S1

t 59.374

Psat 1 618.5751

t2 t1

B1

t 273.15 C1

t 273.15 C2
B2

y1 0.9517y2

Sumay y1 y2
t 1 t 2

y2 0.0484

S1 S2

Psat 2 exp A2

x2 Psat 2

Sumay 1.0006

t t 2 ( 1 S2 )

Psat 1 exp A1

Psat 2 283.0107

t 273.15 C2
y1 0.9522y2

S2 Sumay

t2 t1

t 273.15 C1

y2 0.0485

S1 S2

Psat 2 exp A2
y1

x2 Psat 2

Sumay 1.0031

t t 2 ( 1 S2 )

Psat 1 exp A1

Psat 2 283.8343

t 273.15 C2
y1 0.9546y2

t 59.4499

Psat 1 620.4922

t 273.15 C1

Psat 2 exp A2
y1

t2 t1

Psat 2 282.8286

x2 Psat 2

y2 0.0483

Sumay 1

S1 S2

t t 2 ( 1 S2 )

t2 t1

t 2 t

S2 S1

S2 Sumay
t 59.374

PRACTICA 3: EQUILIBRIO LIQUIDO-VAPOR DE UN SISTEMA QUE OBEDECE LA LEY


DE RAOULT.
x1
i

y1

75.83
73.52
71.35
69.32
67.41
65.61
63.92
62.32
60.81
59.37
58.01

0
0.1834
0.3382
0.4697
0.582
0.6784
0.7616
0.8338
0.8966
0.9517
1.000

0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1.00

Diagrama de fases terico


80

75

70
ti
ti
65

60

55

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5
x1i y1 i

0.6

0.7

0.8

0.9