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Strategic Forum Of

Sino - U.S. Clean


Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

October 2009

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 1

Syncoal?

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

SynCoal :

;
;
;
8.8%-12000 Btu/lb;
;

-5;

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

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Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 3

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

SynCoal
SynCoal 2005

1999Syncoal

111.05
Western SynCoal200
2001Western SynCoal 2003
20052006
2007

SynCoal

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 4

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

1.05

27
9+
~2
8
2

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 5

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

Colstrip

SynCoal

% Moisture

25%

2%

-94%

Btu / lb

8,700

11,800

+36%

Mass yield

100%

74%

-26%

Energy yield

100%

98%

-2%

# Ash / MBtu

10.3

7.8

-25%

# SO2 / MBtu

1.7

1.0

-40%

# Hg / TBtu

4.6

2.7

-41%

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 6

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

Colstrip
400,000
350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000

1992

1993

1994

1995

Direct Fired Kilns


Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

1996

1997

Metallurgical

1998
Utilities

1999
Misc
Page 7

2000

2001

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

-
Colstrip, Montana
400,000
350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000

1992

1993

1994

1995

Direct Fired Kilns


Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

1996

1997

Metallurgical

1998
Utilities

1999
Misc
Page 8

2000

2001

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

-
Colstrip, Montana
400,000
350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000

1992

1993

1994

1995

Direct Fired Kilns


Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

1996

1997

Metallurgical

1998
Utilities

1999
Misc
Page 9

2000

2001

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

-
Colstrip, Montana
400,000
350,000
300,000
250,000
200,000
150,000
100,000
50,000

1992

1993

1994

1995

Direct Fired Kilns


Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

1996

1997

Metallurgical

1998
Utilities

1999
Misc
Page 10

2000

2001

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

Dakota
Dakota
85%, 48%, 27%
250

13%-
82.2%86.3%.

(FEGT)

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 11

Colstrip ,
Montana

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

Colstrip1PRB215.7%Syncoal11

309 to 317 MW 8 MWg

26 to 24 MW - 2 MWa

283 to 293 MW 10 MWn


29%

85 Btu/kWh
8.8%

8%
NOx19%
49%
Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 12

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

Illinois

SyncoalIllionois

Btu/lb
Btu/lb
, #SO2/Mbtu
, # / MBtu

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

13.0%
86.4%
10,900
10,350
6.6
12.9

2.0%
87.5%
12,350
11,900
6.3
11.9

Page 13

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

Moisture Reduction
Mineral Matter Reduction

Combined Effect

Reduced Derates
Increased Capacity
Increased Net MWhs

Reduced
Sootblowing

Reduced Erosion

Increased Boiler
Efficiency

Reduced Emissions:
NOx, CO,
SOx, PM, Hg, HAPs
CO2

Less Fouling
Less Slag

Improved
Combustion
Reduced
Velocities
Fuel Arbitrage,
Cleaner Fuel

Reduced
Reagents

Less NOx
Less CO

Reduced
Ash Load

Lower LOI

Reduced Mill Demand

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Reduced Air

Reduced Water Use

Page 14

Reduced Draft

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

SynCoal

SynCoal
LNB, Oxy-firing, Fuel additives
SNCR, SCR, SDA-FF, Wet Scrubbers
CCS
SynCoal
PCI /
/
SynCoal
Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 15

Strategic Forum Of
Sino - U.S. Clean
Energy Pragmatic
Cooperation

SynCoal Makes
Coal Cleaner !

Sino - U.S. Clean Energy Forum 10/21-23/09

Page 16