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ফিরে দেখা ৭১

ফিরে দেখা ৭১

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Publicado porAloukik Hasan
সামহোয়ারইনব্লগের ব্লগারদের মুক্তিযুদ্ধ ও বাংলাদেশ নিয়ে লোকালটক-এর সংকলিত ইবুক ফিরে দেখা ৭১।
সামহোয়ারইনব্লগের ব্লগারদের মুক্তিযুদ্ধ ও বাংলাদেশ নিয়ে লোকালটক-এর সংকলিত ইবুক ফিরে দেখা ৭১।

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Published by: Aloukik Hasan on Feb 12, 2009
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04/27/2012

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wgivRyi ingvb

62

m~wPcÎ |

GB n‡jv cÖK…Z BwZnvm| GLb gywRebMi miKvi hLb
¯^vaxbZvi ‡NvlYvc‡Î (‡hwU P~ovš— weRq jv‡fi ci evsjv‡`k
miKvi MVb Ges msweavb iPbvi AvBwb `wjj) e½eÜy‡K
(ivóÖcwZ wnmv‡e) evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii Aaxb¯— mKj Avg©W
‡dv‡m©m Gi mywcÖg KgvÛvi (Supreme Commander) ev
me©vwabvqK wnmv‡e ‡NvlYv Kivi ci gyw³hy‡×i me©vwabvqK
‡h e½eÜy ‡kL gywReyi ingvb wQ‡jb ‡mwU ¯úó| KviY
¯^vaxbZvi ‡NvlYvcÎwUB n‡jv ¯^vaxb evsjv‡`‡ki cÖavb
AvBbx `wjj hv wQ‡jv msweavb Ges miKvi MV‡bi g~j
wfwË| GLv‡b D‡j¬L¨ ‡h e½eÜy cvwK¯—v‡b ‡R‡j AvUK _vKvi
Kvi‡Y ‰mq` bRi“j Bmjvg A¯’vqx ivóÖcwZ wnmv‡e
`vwqZ¡ cvjb Kivq gyw³hy‡×i mgqKv‡j wZwb gyw³hy‡×i
fvicÖvß me©vwabvqK wnmv‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb K‡i‡Qb
‡Kbbv ¯^vaxbZvi ‡NvlYvc‡Î ivóÖcwZi me©vwabvqK nevi
e¨vcv‡i ¯úó ‡NvlYv wQ‡jv|

cieZ©x‡Z gyw³evwnbxi KgvÛvi-Bb-wPd
(Commander-in-chief) K‡Y©j Imgvbx‡K wb‡qvM
‡`qvq Ges hyׇ¶‡Î gyj ‡bZ…‡Z¡ wZwb _vKvq wZwb
wQ‡jb evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii cÖavb ‡mbvcwZ (‡hwU
KgvÛvi-Bb-wP‡di e½vbyev` n‡Z cv‡i) ev gyw³evwnbxi
me©vwabvqK| GLv‡b GUv eyS‡Z n‡e wZwb KgvÛvi-Bb-
wPd (Commander-in-chief) n‡jI ¯^vaxbZvi
‡NvlYvcÎ Abyhvqx evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii mKj Avg©W
‡dv‡m©m Gi mywcÖg KgvÛvi (Supreme
Commander), G‡¶‡Î ivóÖcwZ, Gi AvIZvaxb
wQ‡jb| G ‡_‡KB ¯úó n‡q hvq ‡h gyw³hy‡×i
me©vwabvqK ev mywcÖg KgvÛvi (Supreme
Commander) wQ‡jb beMwVZ evsjv‡`k miKv‡ii ivóÖcwZ
e½eÜy ‡kL gywReyi ingvb|

GLb GKUv mnR mZ¨‡K eyS‡Z n‡e Gi gva¨‡g Avgv‡`i
¯^vaxbZv hy‡×i cÖavb ‡mbvcwZ ‡Rbv‡ij AvZvDj MwY
Imgvbxi we›`ygvÎ Aegyj¨vqb nq bv| Zvi ‡hvM¨Zv, ‡bZ…Z¡
¸Yvejxi Kvi‡YB Zv‡K gyw³evwnbxi KgvÛvi-Bb-wPd
(Commander-in-chief) wnmv‡e wb‡qvM ‡`qv n‡qwQj Ges
‡mB ‡hŠebKv‡ji evg©v iYv½‡bi gZ wZwb Zvi hyׇKŠkj Gi
gva¨‡g gyw³hyׇK myPvi“fv‡e cwiPvjbv K‡i‡Qb Ges weRq
wQwb‡q wb‡q G‡m‡Qb| GKwU RvwZi Rb¥hy‡×i GKRb
iƒcKvi Ges RvZxq exi wnmv‡e AvRxeb mKj evsjv‡`kx
Zvi Ae`v‡bi K_v kÖ×vf‡i g‡b ivL‡e| hviv Zvi
Aegyj¨vq‡bi ‡Póv K‡i Zviv Avm‡j wb‡R‡`iB Aegyj¨vqb

K‡i Zv‡Z ‡Rbv‡ij Imgvbxi Ae`v‡b GKUyKyI AuvPo c‡o
bv|

cybð : gyw³hy‡×i me©vwabvqK ev gyw³evwnbxi me©vwabvqK
wb‡q Avš—R©vwZK wgwWqv¸wj‡ZI GL‡bv weåvwš— Av‡Q|
m¤cÖwZ wewewm‡Z hy×vcivax‡`i wePvi PvIqv msKªvš— GKwU
msev‡` AemicÖvß Gqvi fvBm gvk©vj (gyw³hy‡×i mgq Mªyc
K¨v‡Þb) G ‡K L›`Kvi‡K gyw³hy‡×i Dc-me©vwabvqK wnmv‡e
‡jLv n‡q‡Q| wjsK GLv‡b|hw`I AvBwWqvwj ejv DwPZ
wQ‡jv gyw³evwnbxi Dc-me©vwabvqK| Avm‡j miKvi‡KB

D‡`¨vMx n‡q GB RvZxq weåvwš— `~i Kiv DwPZ|
mshyw³ : 1971 mv‡ji 10B GwcÖj M…nxZ evsjv‡`‡ki
¯^vaxbZvi ‡NvlYvc‡Îi g~j Bs‡iwR `wjj|

`wjjwUi Bs‡iwR ‡U·U

Whereas free elections were held in Bangladesh
from 7th December, 1970 to 17th January, 1971, to
elect representatives for the purpose of framing a
constitution,
And
Whereas at these elections the people of
Bangladesh elected 167 out of 169 representatives
belonging to the Awami League,

And
Whereas General Yahya Khan sum-
moned the elected representatives of the
people to meet on the 3rd March 1971, for the pur-
pose of framing a constitution,
And
Whereas instead of fulfilling their promise and while
still conferring with the representatives of the people
of Bangladesh, Pakistan authorities declared an
unjust and treacherous war,
And
Whereas in the facts and circumstances of
such treacherous conduct Bangabandhu
Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the undisputed leader
of the 95 million people of Bangladesh, in due
fulfillment of the legitimate right of self determi-
nation of the people of Bangladesh, duly made
a declaration of independence at Dacca on
March 26, 1971, and urged the people of
Bangladesh to defend the honour and integrity
of Bangladesh,
And
Whereas in the conduct of a ruthless and sav-
age war the Pakistani authorities committed
and are still continuously committing numerous
acts of genocide and unprecedented tortures,
amongst others on the civilian and unarmed
people of Bangladesh,

And
Whereas the Government by levying an unjust war
and committing genocide and by other repressive
measures made it impossible for the elected repre-
sentatives of the people of Bangladesh to meet and
frame a Constitution, and give to themselves a
Government,
And
Whereas the people of Bangladesh by their hero-
ism, bravery and revolutionary fervour have estab-
lished effective control over the territories of
Bangladesh,
And
We the elected representatives of the people of

63

m~wPcÎ |

Bangladesh as honor bound by the mandate given to us by
the people of Bangladesh whose will is supreme, duly consti-
tuted ourselves into a Constituent Assembly, and
Having held mutual consultations, and
In order to ensure for the people of Bangladesh equality,
human dignity and social justice,
Declare and constitute Bangladesh to be sovereign peoples’
Republic and thereby confirm the declaration of independence
already made by Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, and
Do hereby affirm and resolve that till such time as a
Constitution is framed, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
shall be the President of the Republic and that Syed Nazrul
Islam shall be the Vice-President of the Republic, and
That the President shall be the Supreme Commander of all
the Armed Forces of the Republie,
Shall exercise all the Executive and Legislative powers of the
Republic including the power to grant pardon,
Shall exercise all the power to appoint a Prime Minister and
such other Ministers, as he considers necessary,
Shall have the power to levy taxes and expend monies,
Shall have the power to summon and adjourn the Constituent
Assembly, and
Do all other things that may be necessary to give to the peo-
ple of Bangladesh an orderly and just Government,
We the elected representatives of the people of Bangladesh
do further resolve that in the event of there being no President
or President being unable to enter upon his office or being
unable to exercise his powers and duties due to any reason
whatsoever, the Vice-President shall have and exercise all the
powers, duties and responsibilities herein conferred on the
President,
We further resolve that we undertake to observe and give
effect to all duties and obligations that devolve upon us as a
member of the family of nations and under the Charter of
United Nations.
We further resolve that this proclamation of independence
shall be deemed to have come into effect from 26th day of
March 1971.
We further resolve that in order to give effect to this instru-
ment we appoint prof. Yusuf Ali our duly Constituted
Potentiary and to give to the President and the Vice-President
oaths of office.

RvqMvi bvg wewewm evRvi| ZvB e‡j RvqMvUv
wKš‘ jÛ‡b bq| GgbwK ‡mLv‡b ‡Kvb ‡eZvi ‡K›`Ö
wKsev ‡eZvi Dc‡K›`ÖI ‡bB| Avgv‡`i gnvb
gyw³hy× Avi ‡mB hy‡× weªwUk eÖWKvw÷s K‡c©v‡ikb
(wewewm)-Gi ‡MŠiegq ¯§…wZ aviY K‡i ab¨
AvR‡Ki wewewm evRvi| Ck¦i`x Dc‡Rjvi iƒccyi
evRv‡ii bvg n‡q‡Q wewewm evRvi| GB evRv‡ii
‡bc_¨ bvq‡Ki bvg Aveyj Kv‡kg ‡gvj¬v|

gyw³hy× PjvKv‡j iƒccyi GjvKvwU ‡ek R½jvKxY©
wQj| Gi mwbœwnZ nvwW©Ä weÖR Ges cvKkx ‡ccvi
wgj- `y‡UvB wQj cvKevwnbxi wekvj en‡i mw¾Z|
Nb MvQMvQvwj‡Z Av”Qvw`Z A‡c¶vK…Z wbivc`
¯’vb iscyi KoB Zjvq MÖv‡gi hyeK Aveyj Kv‡mg
‡gvj¬v GwcÖj(1971) gv‡mi cÖ_g w`‡K GKwU
Pv‡qi ‡`vKvb ‡`b| ‡`vKv‡b wQj GKUv w_Öe¨vÛ
‡iwWI| ‡h mg‡q cvuP MÖvg Ny‡i GKwU ‡iwWI
cvIqv ‡hZ bv ‡mB mg‡q GKwU w_Öe¨vÛ ‡iwWIi
gvwjK nIqv wQj ixwZgZ M‡e©i welq| gyw³hy‡×i
LeivLei ‡kvbvi Rb¨ wZwb wewewm ai‡Zb|
‡jvKRb KoB Zjvq Pv LvIqvi bvg K‡i hy‡×i
Ae¯’v wb‡q Av‡jvPbv Kivi my‡hvM ‡cZ| Zv‡`i

Av‡jvPbvi ‡LvivM ‡hvMvZ wewewmi Lei| ax‡iax‡i
‡jvKmgvMg evo‡Z jvMj| ‡ewkifvM ‡jvKB
AvmZ hy‡×i LeivLei ‡kvbvi Rb¨| K‡qK gv‡mi
gv‡mi g‡a¨ ‡jvKRb iƒccyi evRv‡ii bvg cwieZ©b
K‡i ivLj wewewm evRvi| ¯^vaxbZvi ci RvqMvwUi
bvg ¯’vqxfv‡eB wewewm evRvi e‡j cwiwPZ cvq|
‡`k ¯^vax‡bi ci mviv ‡Rjvq wewewm evRv‡ii
Kvwnbx Qwo‡q hvq| wewewm KZ…©c‡¶i Kv‡bI
‡cuŠ‡Q hvq Kv‡mg ‡gvj¬vi wewewm evRv‡ii Kvwnbx|
1992 mv‡j wewewmi cÂvk eQi c~wZ©‡Z Zv‡`i
GKwU `j evsjv‡`k, fviZ, cvwK¯—vb md‡i
Av‡m| GB cÖwZwbwa`j wewewm evRvi cwi`k©b
K‡i| Zv‡`i m¤§v‡b GjvKvevmx cÖvYXvjv msea©bvi
Av‡qvRb K‡i| cÖwZwbwa`jI Abyiƒc K…ZÁZv
Ávcb K‡i|
¯^vaxbZvi GZ eQi ci wewewm evRvi wPb‡jI
A‡b‡KB Rv‡bb bv Gi ‡Mvovi K_v| gyw³hy‡×i
‡mB DËvj w`b¸‡jv‡Z hLb ¯^vaxb evsjv ‡eZvi
wKsev wewewmi Abyôvb ‡kvbv wQj AZ¨š— SyuwKc~Y©,
ivRvKvi-Avje`‡ii ‡Kvcvb‡j covi mg~n AvksKv
wQj, GB gnv AvksKvi K_v ‡R‡bI fiv evRv‡i
e‡m ïay wb‡RB ‡kv‡bbwb ¯^vaxb evsjv ‡eZvi ‡K›`Ö
wKsev wewewmi Abyôvb, Ab¨ kZRb‡KI ‡cŠ‡Q
w`‡q‡Qb ‡mB msev`| GUv wK Kg mvnm wKsev
‡`k‡cÖ‡gi K_v?

‡gv. ZvwiK gvngy‡`i †cv÷ †_‡K †jLvwU
msM„nxZ|

[cy‡iv‡bv ‡Kvb cwÎKvi GKUv ‡Quov cvZvq ‡jLvUv
c‡owQjvg, ‡mLv‡b ‡jL‡Ki bvg wQj| mevi mv‡_
‡kqvi Kijvg|]

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