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10 A by

Collocations
2.3
Paper 3

As you study the vocabulary you need for FCE, you will soon realise that its not enough to study single words. Its important to know how words combine with others to form partnerships, or collocations. This will help you to produce language of the level required to do well in the examination. Collocations are important in every part of the examination, but your knowledge of them is especially tested in Paper 3 (Use of English). In Part 2 of this paper you have to use one word to fill in a blank, for example: Jimmy made his way to the station exit. This was the first time he had been to London (10) his own and he was feeling a bit scared. In this exercise you have to think of the word yourself. In Part 1, however, you are given a choice: B for C on D in

Verb + preposition A

Complete each sentence with the correct form of one of the verbs below and the preposition from or on. Use each verb once only. borrow concentrate congratulate decide depend differ economise escape insist operate prevent recover rely resign retire suffer

1 She a higher salary. 2 He might come. It will 3 You must 4 He got very annoyed and 5 The surgeon 6 I decided to good pension. 7 It will take her weeks to at work for some time. 8 We had security men on the door to the party. 9 Ive sent her a card to

her job after she was offered another with more responsibility and how he feels. the road when youre driving! seeing the manager. her immediately and saved her life. my job early even though it meant I wouldnt get such a such a major operation so she wont be back unwanted guests her passing her test. it the first one I showed you. my parents. getting into

10 The bank wouldnt lend me the money so I had to 11 This design 12 I slightly

backache so I have to go to a physiotherapist once a week. the new colour scheme for the the prison by bribing a guard. Frances to keep you up to date with all the latest gossip. food and other necessities.

13 After weeks of discussion theyve finally staff canteen. 14 They managed to 15 You can 16 With less money coming, well have to

10

Revise & Organise


B Now put the correct preposition in each group of collocations.

borrow (a book)

the library my parents a friend of his

insist

good service seeing her punctuality

concentrate

your work driving what Im doing

10

operate

a patient

congratulate

his results her success winning

11

prevent

doing something leaving cheating

decide

a colour scheme which to choose the (blue) one

12

recover

a cold a serious illness a nasty shock

The correct answer is C because the expression is on his own. As you read through that extract, did you notice another useful collocation, made his way? Collocations are also important in part 3 of the Use of English paper. You complete a sentence so that it means the same as the first sentence you are given, for example: There must always be somebody with her. own She should not be left at any time. The answer is on her own. Being aware of these partnerships will enable you to build up your vocabulary so that you can use it when you take your exam.

depend

imports how I feel if I have time

13

rely

every employee you the bus service

differ

the others what I expected what I wanted

14

resign

the committee his job

economise

fuel electricity food

15

retire

work at 65

escape

prison this routine the crowd

16

suffer

a headache toothache a bad cold

Notice when you need an -ing form of the verb. This is important in the exam.

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2.1
Paper 3

Adjective + preposition A

Complete each sentence with an adjective from the list on the left and a preposition from the list on the right. You must use each adjective once only but you can use each preposition more than once. at for of on to

accustomed afraid ashamed aware

capable dependent famous full

good jealous proud ready

relevant responsible sensitive typical

1 She was 2 The waste paper bin was 3 This computer is 4 The town is especially 5 I felt very

her friend because she had a better dress. crumpled sheets of paper. producing sophisticated graphics. its elegant architecture. making such a stupid mistake. the grand opening. maths.

6 After weeks of preparation the hall is nearly 7 Could you add this up for me? Im not very 8 Who is 9 She was so about it. 10 It took some time to get frantic atmosphere of the town. 11 We try to eat food which is 12 Are you writing those words on the wall?

her nephews achievement that she couldnt stop talking the slower pace of life in the country after the the region in which we are travelling. any reason why he should be late? coal as their main our discussion so can we get back to the main point the dark. criticism and sulks for days.

13 They built nuclear power stations so as not to be source of energy. 14 This is not really of the meeting? 15 He sleeps with the light on because hes 16 Be careful what you say to Scott. Hes very

Revise & Organise


B Complete each group of collocations with the correct preposition.

1 accustomed

peace and quiet getting up late so much noise

9 good

her job adding up English

2 afraid

the dark making a mistake saying something silly

10

jealous

what other people do her rich friends his English!

3 ashamed

yourself what Ive done doing a thing like that

11

proud

her grandson his work what hes done

4 aware

a strange smell people staring looking rather untidy

12

ready

anything bed the next question

5 capable

high speeds working fast anything!

13

relevant

the argument our discussion the problem

6 dependent

imports how he feels what happens

14 responsible

the equipment making a mess France and Italy

7 famous

its museums making pottery his paintings

15

sensitive

that detergent any movement criticism

8 full

pride fun dark blue liquid

16

typical

the region the way he acts people who

Test yourself from time to time by covering the words that follow each adjective. How many collocations can you remember?

2.2
Paper 3

Adjective + preposition B

Complete each sentence with an adjective from the list on the left and a preposition from the list on the right. You must use each adjective once only but you can use each preposition more than once. at absent better guilty harmful keen late opposed satisfied short similar sorry suitable suspicious terrible terrified tired for from of on to with

1 Because of the flu epidemic many staff were 2 They were what we were doing. 3 I feel really out and enjoy themselves. 4 They wont be of their friends! 5 I must hurry or Ill be 6 Shes never been very she doesnt turn up. 7 The jury found him 8 Were totally 9 Shes much 10 Im a bit 11 Shes not really 12 This incident is very on in the day. 13 She wouldnt tell her father because she was lost his temper. 14 I can recognise faces but Im 15 He got 16 Some chemicals are

work.

strangers so they kept following us around and watching her because she has to do all the work while the others go just a small party! Theyll want to invite every single one work. going to meetings so I wouldnt be surprised if robbing the bank. the road-widening scheme and will fight it all the way. driving than he is. money at the moment so could you pay? this job. We wanted someone with more experience. what happened yesterday except that it was later what he might do if he remembering names! hearing the same old excuses, day after day. the environment because they kill beneficial insects.

Revise & Organise


B Complete each group of collocations with the correct preposition.

absent

school work the meeting

9 short

money breath time

better

sport than me explaining things maths

10 similar

my dress what I saw the one Ive got

guilty

wasting time murder not listening

11 sorry

yourself what I said being late

harmful

people with asthma certain insects the environment

12 suitable

handicapped people children the time of year

keen

football making models fashion

13 suspicious

strangers everything he says people who ask questions

late

the meeting work school

14 terrified

missing the train what hell do being alone

opposed

this scheme paying so much wasting more money

15 terrible

maths spelling remembering names

satisfied

the result what Ive done how things went

16 tired

this weather eating this stuff waiting

Test yourself from time to time by covering the words that follow each adjective. How many collocations can you remember?

2.3
Paper 3

Verb + preposition A

Complete each sentence with the correct form of one of the verbs below and the preposition from or on. Use each verb once only. borrow concentrate congratulate decide depend differ economise escape insist operate prevent recover rely resign retire suffer

1 She a higher salary. 2 He might come. It will 3 You must 4 He got very annoyed and 5 The surgeon 6 I decided to good pension. 7 It will take her weeks to at work for some time. 8 We had security men on the door to the party. 9 Ive sent her a card to

her job after she was offered another with more responsibility and how he feels. the road when youre driving! seeing the manager. her immediately and saved her life. my job early even though it meant I wouldnt get such a such a major operation so she wont be back unwanted guests her passing her test. it the first one I showed you. my parents. getting into

10 The bank wouldnt lend me the money so I had to 11 This design 12 I slightly

backache so I have to go to a physiotherapist once a week. the new colour scheme for the the prison by bribing a guard. Frances to keep you up to date with all the latest gossip. food and other necessities.

13 After weeks of discussion theyve finally staff canteen. 14 They managed to 15 You can 16 With less money coming, well have to

10

Revise & Organise


B Now put the correct preposition in each group of collocations.

borrow (a book)

the library my parents a friend of his

insist

good service seeing her punctuality

concentrate

your work driving what Im doing

10

operate

a patient

congratulate

his results her success winning

11

prevent

doing something leaving cheating

decide

a colour scheme which to choose the (blue) one

12

recover

a cold a serious illness a nasty shock

depend

imports how I feel if I have time

13

rely

every employee you the bus service

differ

the others what I expected what I wanted

14

resign

the committee his job

economise

fuel electricity food

15

retire

work at 65

escape

prison this routine the crowd

16

suffer

a headache toothache a bad cold

Notice when you need an -ing form of the verb. This is important in the exam.

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2.4
Paper 3

Verb + preposition B

Complete each sentence with the correct form of one of the verbs below and the preposition of, for, in or to. Use each verb once only.

accuse apologise approve believe

belong blame consist forgive

hope object pay remind

search specialise succeed thank

1 The test I took 2 Ive kept the luggage label as a souvenir to we had. 3 After taking a general course she decided to 4 After trying for an hour I finally 5 Where will I find the money to 6 That coat 7 Some guests have not surprised theyre annoyed! 8 Army helicopters were brought in to help 9 I had never the country. 10 He wrote a letter forgive him. 11 Hes the person in charge. I

two written papers and an interview. me the wonderful holiday tropical medicine. starting the car. a new suit? Andrew and this is Rickys. having to pay extra to use the swimming pool. Im the missing children. ghosts until I stayed at a mysterious old house in all the trouble he had caused and asking her to him the mix-up. the arrangements making me look such a fool in front of all those breaking into the house, but he said he could prove

12 From the way she spoke you could tell that she didnt for the wedding. 13 I dont think Ill ever people. 14 The policeman he had been somewhere else. 15 Lets 16 Id just like to him her

the best. You never know the weather might clear up. you your help. I couldnt have managed without you.

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Revise & Organise


B Now put the correct preposition in each group of collocations. Pay careful attention to the expressions which are followed by the -ing form of the verb. 1 accuse

murder breaking in not caring

9 hope

the best a good result better luck next time!

apologise

my mistake being late forgetting

10 object

the by-pass paying extra using my phone

approve

all-night TV his friends smoking

11 pay

the meal having my car fixed wasting so much time

believe

healthy exercise eating well ghosts

12 remind

my holiday the time we something

belong

my dog a friend of mine everyone

13 search

the solution the missing children somewhere to stay

blame

the disaster what happened getting angry

14 specialise

fast food commercial French selling furniture

consist

two parts three sections five papers

15 succeed

my attempts to meeting her passing my exam

forgive

what he did leaving me not asking

16 thank

the present your help coming

Cover the verb and see whether you can remember it by just looking at the preposition.

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2.5
Paper 3

Verb + noun + preposition A

In this exercise you must complete each sentence with a suitable verb and preposition from the lists below. You may use each verb or preposition more than once. Make sure you use the correct form of the verb! catch keep lose make pay put take

of

on

to

1 She stay for dinner. 2 Was anybody 3 Could you 4 She 5 Ive 6 Could you 7 I wish she wouldnt 8

advantage attention care charge count an eye

her fathers good mood and asked if her boyfriend could what she was saying? our dog while were on holiday? the project when Mr East was away. the number of times hes said that. the washing while Im out? such a fuss her nephew! You can see he really hates it!

no notice

him! Hes just showing off! pressure sight all this arguing. tax that money you earned, so youre not as Marys remark and didnt speak to her for an instant dislike him her to sign the agreement them standing at the back of

9 The salesman started to straightaway. 10 While I was watching the match, I the crowd. 11 We must 12 Dont forget youll have to rich as you thought you were! 13 Bill the rest of the day. great exception a stop

14 My new supervisor was so bossy that I

Look back at the exercise and underline the complete word partnership in each sentence (for example, catch sight of someone).

14

Revise & Organise


B Complete the first column with partnerships from the exercise on page 14 or these four expressions: make sense play a trick set fire take pity

Space has been left for you to add your own partnerships.

PHrASE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 of of of of of of of of on on on on on to to to to to

MEANINg benefit while you can look after be in control not remember how many hug, kiss, give presents etc. ignore understand see suddenly watch, check now and again feel very sorry for try to persuade give money to the government! deceive listen carefully start something burning not allow to continue immediately dislike be very upset about

Test yourself later by covering the phrases on the left in the first column and looking at the definitions on the right. Can you remember which partnership belongs to each definition?

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2.6
Paper 3

Verb + noun + preposition B

A Complete each sentence with the correct form of make or take and one of the prepositions below. You may use each preposition more than once. for 1 Hes very shy so its not easy to 2 Ive still got to 3 He refused to effort. 4 Many local people have back to the town. 5 For the first few months he house. 6 I watched a comedy programme to try and happened. 7 Why should I 8 Weve moved the wardrobe to 9 We dont 10 Shes agreed to 11 I finally 12 Shes contact a remarkable recovery a charge part the blame from in friends all the arrangements all the credit off him. the party next weekend. the success and said that it had been a team our plans to bring live music showing people around his new my mind the mix-up? room an extra bed. what had with

an active interest great pride

repairs if the item is still under guarantee. next months show. him at his New York office. her illness. way amends the ambulance. forgetting

13 The cars pulled over to the side of the road to 14 I took her to an expensive restaurant to her birthday.

Underline the complete word partnership in each sentence above.

There are a lot of word partnerships that include the verbs make and take. This means that there could be a question in Paper 3 (Use of English) with an expression using either of these two words.

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Revise & Organise


B Below you will see a list of word partnerships with make and take. Most are from the exercise opposite but some more have been added. Supply the missing preposition in each case. Choose from at, for, from, in, off and with. Space has been left for you to add any more partnerships that you find. 1 You make amends 2 You make an application 3 You make arrangements 4 You make a charge 5 You make contact 6 You make friends 7 You make a recovery 8 You make room 9 You make way 10 You take the blame 11 You take the credit 12 You take an interest 13 You take a look 14 You take your mind 15 You take part 16 You take great pleasure 17 You take pride the trouble you caused. a job as a secretary. the party next week. repairing the broken door. a customer by email. other members of the class. a serious illness. an extra person at the table. someone in a hurry. what went wrong. making the party a success. the project. some important papers. what happened. a competition. presenting her with her prize. showing the model youve made.

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2.7
Paper 3

Noun + verb

A Match each noun on the left with a verb on the right. Use each word once only. Write your answers in the boxes provided.

Exercise 1 1 an accident 2 a dog 3 a heart 4 snow 5 the sun 6 a sweater 7 a team 8 a telephone 9 time 10 water a barks b beats c boils d falls e fits f happens g loses h passes i rings j shines 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Exercise 2 1 a band 2 a car

Now do the same with these words. a burns b fades c gathers d itches e lands f leaks g plays h recovers i sails j skids 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

3 a carton of milk 4 a colour 5 a crowd 6 a fire 7 a nose 8 a patient 9 a plane 10 a ship

Now write sentences using the partnerships you have made. Can you think of any more verbs that can follow the nouns above?

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Revise & Organise


B Put each of the following nouns once only in a suitable partnership. Put another verb with each noun. (For help, look at the opposite page.)

a band a car a colour a crowd

a dog a fire a heart a nose

a plane a ship snow the sun

a sweater a team time water

rises sets grows cheers drifts melts floats sinks crashes flies pounds breaks! stretches shrinks spreads glows

crashes starts practises wins freezes flows growls bites performs rehearses clashes matches bleeds runs flies drags

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

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2.8
Paper 3

Verb + noun

Match each verb on the left with a noun on the right. Some verbs can be followed by more than one noun but you must use each word once only. Write your answers in the boxes provided.

Exercise 1 1 catch 2 change 3 do 4 give 5 have 6 hold 7 mind 8 move 9 take 10 turn a breakfast b your breath c your own business d a corner e (me) a favour f fire g house h your mind i permission j place 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Exercise 2 1 do 2 give 3 have 4 keep 5 lead 6 leave 7 make 8 set 9 take 10 tell

Now do the same with these words. a evidence b an example c fun d home e a mistake f a seat g the truth h the washing-up i watch j the way 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

Now write sentences using the partnerships you have made.

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B Put each of the following verbs once only in a suitable partnership. Put another noun with each verb. (For help, look at the opposite page.) catch change do give have hold keep lead leave make set take tell turn

the page the handle a meeting my hand your time her temperature a message a space advice an interview a headache a shower progress a noise

a bus a cold your homework the ironing lies a story a light bulb trains a secret a diary some homework the alarm a quiet life the world in ...

10

11

12

13

14

The four verbs give, have, make and take form many partnerships so it is worth noting down any new expressions you meet. Write a sentence for each of the expressions. This will help you to remember what they mean and how they are used.

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2.9
Paper 3

Verb + noun (antonyms)

In this exercise you will see sentences which include a verb in capital letters. You have to fill each blank with the antonym (opposite) of that verb. Choose from the list of verbs below. Use each verb once only and make sure you use the correct form of the verb.

accept attack borrow catch

deny fail forget hide

hit keep lengthen lower

miss nod tighten weaken

1 He refused to CONFIRM or 2 I 3 He

the report.

the bus this morning so Ill get there early tomorrow to make sure I CATCH it. his head if he agreed and SHOOK it if he didnt. some others. her promise after shes BROKEN so many others? my offer after all the others had REJECTED it. it. the target. All the others MISSED. when.

4 Theyve RAISED a few prices and 5 Do you really expect her to 6 He was the only one who 7 Ill THROW the ball and you can 8 Only one bullet

9 I can REMEMBER where it was I met her but Ive 10 Rather than

the lunch break, they want to SHORTEN it. . In fact, I only PASSED at the fourth attempt. our feelings and not SHOW any emotion, whatever

11 The first time I took my driving test, I 12 We were supposed to happened. 13 He thought he was 14 Their forwards were 15 The crisis hasnt

the mechanism but in fact he was LOOSENING it. the goal so almost the whole team raced back to DEFEND it. her resolve, but STRENGTHENED it instead. it.

16 I would prefer to LEND money rather than

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Revise & Organise


B Put an antonym in each blank. Use the verbs below for the new partnerships (as well as the words on page 22). complicate enter lose save

Space has been left for you to add more examples of your own.

1 accept 2 attack 3 break 4 catch 5 confirm 6 fail 7 gain 8 leave 9 lend 10 miss 11 nod 12 raise 13 remember 14 shorten 15 show 16 simplify 17 throw 18 tighten 19 waste 20 weaken

an offer a proposal a promise a bus a statement a test confidence a building money the target your head prices a name a skirt your feelings matters a ball your grip time an argument

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2.10
Paper 3

Adjective + noun (antonyms)

Complete each sentence with an adjective which is opposite in meaning to the adjective in capital letters. Use an adjective from the list below. Use each adjective once only. artificial busy calm dark emotional exact flexible gentle light low mild rapid shallow stale superior worthless

1 The scarf looked black in dark blue. 2 I started swimming at the 3 I want the

light, but here, in NATURAL light, I can see its really end but I soon felt brave enough to go to the DEEP end. figures, not APPROXIMATE ones! . but it soon got very ROUGH. smile, which made me feel very INFERIOR. lunch because my personal trainer says that HEAVY meals are when he heard the news, but she stayed CALM. tide. The beach is completely covered at HIGH tide. , Im sure we could come

4 Most days are QUIET but some can be very 5 When we sailed, the sea was 6 He gave me a 7 I always eat a bad for you. 8 He got very 9 Well go swimming when its

10 Why does he have such a RIGID attitude? If he were more to some kind of agreement. 11 The bread in this country goes 12 At first, progress was difficulties. 13 What had started out as a 14 One daughter had

very quickly so we buy it FRESH every day. but later it became very SLOW as we met some unforeseen breeze soon became a very STRONG wind. hair while the other had FAIR hair. trinkets.

15 The burglar took only the VALUABLE jewellery, leaving behind the 16 The weather this year has been extremely of last year.

compared to those SEVERE storms

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Revise & Organise


B Put an antonym in each blank. Use these adjectives for the new partnerships: considerable poor severe smooth

Space has been left for you to add more examples of your own.

1 artificial 2 calm 3 calm 4 dark 5 deep 6 exact 7 flexible 8 good 9 high 10 light 11 mild 12 quiet 13 rapid 14 rough 15 slight 16 stale 17 strong 18 strong 19 superior 20 valuable

light sea response skin water time policy health opinion meal winter day progress surface change food taste wind quality painting

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2.11
Paper 3

Adverb + adjective

Match each adverb with one of the adjectives given. Use each item once only. Complete the sentences using the collocations you have found. heavily completely highly vitally insanely terribly bitterly conveniently disappointed exhausted important jealous located profitable sorry

armed 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 B Im

but Im afraid Ive broken one of your cups. of Kims previous boyfriends and was always asking about them. , a short walk from the city centre. when it was called off. ! . and soon Sandra became a millionaire. soldiers.

Rex was The house is

Wed been looking forward to the trip and were I must see the boss before he leaves this evening. Its Bills been working hard all day so hes The business was The President arrived, surrounded by a group of Now do the same with these collocations. eternally fully perfectly unbelievably totally deeply widely keenly grateful insured interested shocked

available 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

clear

stupid

unacceptable

I left the window open and somebody got in and stole my handbag. How could I have been so ! The manager said his behaviour was This product is and fired him immediately. so you should have no difficulty buying it. in it

Sam first went to a football match at the age of five and has been since then. Jeans father made it Make sure youre I will be Words cant express how that he disapproved of her latest boyfriend.

before you go on holiday as hospital bills can be very high. for the help you gave me when I was trying to pass my exam. we were at the news of his death.

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Revise & Organise


C Look at each group of adjectives and, from the list below, choose an adverb to go in front of them. Use each adverb once only. deeply fully heavily highly perfectly seriously strictly thoroughly totally widely

different frank committed (to) unacceptable opposed (to) confidential limited forbidden necessary true automatic aware justified insured comprehensive clear happy understandable safe reasonable built guarded armed dependent (on) influenced (by)

infectious probable skilled profitable critical miserable professional ashamed spoilt unpleasant ill wrong worried injured weakened disappointed impressed suspicious shocked religious differing accepted known available respected

10

Use this space to add more examples of adverb + adjective partnerships.

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2.12
Paper 3

Adverb + verb

Match each verb with one of the adverbs given. Use each item once only. Complete the sentences using the collocations you have found. Use the verb in the correct tense. grasp check work sigh fall forget resemble misjudge completely deeply firmly hard seriously her mother. sharply thoroughly

closely 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

I recognised Jane immediately as she If you

enough, Im sure youll pass your exam. when the bad

Sales of ice creams rose steadily during the summer and then weather started. Oh no! I Lynette

about our wedding anniversary! My wife will kill me! her daughter by the hand and crossed the road. all your gear and continued reading his paper. .

Before starting a climb, its essential to When I asked what was wrong, Brian I

my bosss reaction. Instead of being pleased, he threatened to fire me!

Now do the same with these collocations. scream speak watch drink fail complain recover recommend clearly closely fully heavily hysterically miserably strongly

bitterly 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

After Jen left him, Ed began to At the end of their holiday they

. There were empty bottles everywhere. about the service at the hotel. . from it.

I tried to convince my brother to lend me his car but, unfortunately, I It was such a terrible accident that its doubtful that shell Now and see if you can discover how the trick is done.

The concert is bound to be popular so I would He didnt very

buying your tickets as soon as possible. so I wasnt able to catch everything he said. and ran away in panic.

When they saw the snake, the children

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Revise & Organise


C Put one of the following adverbs with each group of verbs. Use each adverb once only. clearly 1 closely deeply approve condemn encourage recommend 2 harm underestimate think misjudge 3 understand explain appreciate recover 4 try squeeze think work 5 declare control reply grasp 10 9 8 7 firmly fully hard heavily 6 seriously strongly thoroughly

breathe think feel sigh bleed rain borrow drink discuss inspect revise check see remember understand speak supervise question listen watch

Put each of the adverbs with a suitable verb in the list. Use each adverb once only. Space has been left for you to add other examples of adverb + verb partnerships. 1 actively badly distinctly freely sincerely admit encourage hope need remember 2 conclusively faithfully favourably fundamentally steadily compare differ grow promise prove

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2.13
Paper 3

Phrases with IN

Complete each sentence with one of the phrases below. Use each phrase once only. in common in the end in a good mood in ink in love in a moment in order in pain in the past in pieces in public in silence in tears in time in a whisper

1 I found her 2 He wasnt too happy at first but

after her boyfriend had walked out on her, so I tried to cheer her up. we managed to persuade him. , not in pencil, otherwise youll be in so the vet gave him an injection in order to stop it hurting , and even after hed finished, it was some time before anyone families used to stay together but nowadays they often live in different parts of the

3 In the exam you must write your answers trouble! 4 The dog was obviously so much. 5 They listened to him spoke. 6 country. 7 If we hurry we might get to the station 8 She looks confident but in fact shes never sung 9 They have so little .

before today.

but in spite of this hes still going out with her. on the floor.

10 In addition to the broken mirror, I found a vase lying 11 He should be back 12 You could tell they were gazing into each others eyes. 13 So as not to disturb anyone we had to speak Clare said. 14 Dad seems to be 15 If you kept your files

so would you like to sit down and wait for him? by the way they walked along hand in hand and kept and I didnt catch everything that

so why not ask him if you can borrow the car? , you would be able to find information much more easily.

Underline all the expressions with in and notice how they are used in the sentences.

30

Revise & Organise


B Complete the column on the right to make phrases with in. Use phrases from page 30 as well as the following choices: error fashion a hurry particular practice

Space has been left for you to add your own examples. 1 We dont share any interests. We have nothing 2 It was difficult but I finally did it. I did it 3 I didnt want the others to hear. I spoke 4 That was a mistake. It was sent to you 5 This is what everyone is wearing. This dress is 6 Hes really cheerful. I wonder whats put him 7 We got there before the train left. We arrived 8 Slow down! Youre always 9 Keen on is not strong enough. Shes obviously 10 You need a pen. Your answers must be 11 He wont be long. Hell be here 12 Keep your papers tidy. Keep them 13 Thats what happens nowadays. It was different 14 It must hurt a lot. You can see shes 15 I like pop music in general and rock music 16 She says one thing in private and another 17 It works in theory but Im not sure itll work 18 The vase had been smashed. We found it 19 Nobody spoke. They all listened 20 She was crying her eyes out. I found her in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in in . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Test yourself later and revise before the exam by covering the column on the right and checking how many expressions you can remember.

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2.14
Paper 3

Phrases with ON

Complete each sentence with one of the phrases below. Use each phrase once only. on business on a diet on fire on foot on guard on the increase on his mind on his own on the phone on the radio on sale on strike on time on his way

1 Her latest hit is 2 He prepared the whole meal 3 She spends hours 4 Ive never known this bus to arrive 5 The staff threatened to go 6 It looks as if the whole building is

in all good record shops. I offered to help, but he wanted to prove he could do it. talking to all her friends. . On average, it arrives about five minutes late. if the management did not meet their demands. . There are flames everywhere. . Hes not really concentrating on after the car ran out of petrol. at the main entrance so I took a photo of him in his uniform. when there was a news flash about a plane crashing , especially in urban areas. at the moment, visiting one of our agents, and unfortunately

7 On the other hand, he could have something what hes doing. 8 We had to complete the journey 9 There was a soldier 10 I was listening to some music with a hundred passengers on board. 11 The latest figures show that crime is 12 Ms Swanson is away her secretary is away on holiday. 13 Jake was

to the office when the accident occurred. .

14 It looks tempting but I wont have any dessert. Im supposed to be

Notice all the expressions with on. Once again, you see how important word partnerships are.

32

Revise & Organise


B Complete the column on the right with phrases with on. Use phrases from page 32 as well as the following choices: the coast credit loan principle purpose trial

Space has been left for you to add your own examples. 1 The trip is to do with my job. Ill be away 2 Somebodys borrowed the book. Its out 3 He doesnt need any help. He can do it 4 He has to be careful what he eats. Hes 5 I can see flames. The building must be 6 Hes thinking about something. Theres something 7 The hall was well protected. There were soldiers 8 Shes going to walk. Shes getting there 9 Shes got two years to pay. Shes buying it 10 His house is by the sea. He lives 11 More people are being attacked. Violence is 12 That was no accident! She did that 13 I believe its morally wrong. I wouldnt do it 14 Hes always ringing somebody up. Hes always 15 They took her to court. They put her 16 They stopped work in protest. They all went 17 You can still buy it. Its still 18 The train arrived at 7.30 as expected. It came 19 Hes left home. Hell be here shortly. Hes 20 They broadcast his speech. I heard it on on on on on on on on on on on on on on on on on on on on . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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2.15
Paper 3

Phrases with OUT OF

Complete each sentence with one of the phrases below. Use each phrase once only. out of breath out of control out of date out of doors out of luck out of her mind out of necessity out of order out of practice out of the question out of reach out of sight out of tune out of work

1 The lift was 2 I watched them until they went 3 It only takes one person to sing 4 This catalogue is 5 He says hes 6 Shes been 7 Im afraid youre

so we had to use the stairs. behind a hedge. and the whole performance is ruined. so the information about prices is no longer correct. but I dont think he was ever any good at tennis! for over a year now and shes almost given up hope of ever finding a job. ! I sold the last copy five minutes ago. and crashed into the wall.

8 The steering wouldnt work and the tractor went 9 Those children should be 10 Its 11 You get

, in the fresh air, rather than in here watching television.

! I cant possibly lend you any more! just climbing the stairs! You really must do some exercises to get fit. on a high shelf so that small children cant get to think that she can get away with stealing all . We wouldnt have arrived on time otherwise.

12 It is essential to put all medicines to them. 13 Wendys crazy. She must be that money! 14 We had no choice and took a plane

34

Revise & Organise


B Complete the column on the right with phrases with out of from the exercise on page 34, or by using the following words: danger debt fashion place print season

Space has been left for you to add your own examples. 1 Im so unfit. After any kind of effort I get 2 Thats old news. That news is 3 Ive repaid the money I owe so Im finally 4 People wore that last year. This year its 5 I couldnt steer the car properly. It was 6 We were safe. We were 7 Dont stay inside all day. Spend some time 8 There isnt any left. How unfortunate! Youre 9 It doesnt belong there. Its 10 The lift doesnt work. Its 11 With all this unemployment, lots of people are 12 It was the only thing we could do. We did it 13 Shes crazy! She must be 14 You wont find cherries now. Theyre 15 We cant possibly go! Its 16 She wasnt tall enough to get it. It was 17 The book isnt available any more. Its 18 The singing was awful. Im sure somebody was 19 I cant see her. Shes 20 I havent played tennis for ages. Im out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of out of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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2.16
Paper 3

Phrases with OF

Finish each expression with one of the nouns given and then use the expressions to complete the sentences. Use each item once only. bar of block of box of bunch of crowd of gust of pack of slice of

bread 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 B

cards

flats

grapes

matches

soap

spectators

wind

I was walking up the hill when a William nearly used up the whole As the two teams came on the pitch, the

blew my hat off. trying to light the fire. started to cheer loudly. ? ! slipped out of her hands.

I want to make some more toast, so could you cut me another No wonder he doesnt feel hungry. Hes just eaten the entire Sue was washing herself in the shower when the The magician took the Mitch lives in that tall

and dealt them out face down on the table. opposite the station.

Now do the same with these expressions. bunch of chain of cup of flash of gang of member of packet of set of coffee flowers instructions lightning shops staff thieves

cigarettes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

I need to drink a The bank was robbed by a During the storm a Thats the third

to wake myself up. armed with shotguns. struck the building, causing considerable damage. shes smoked today. She should really try to cut down. had to deal with the customer.

The manager was not available, so another

When we started assembling the cupboard I couldnt make any sense of the that came with the pieces. Pamela picked a from the garden and took them to her mother in hospital. throughout the country.

Barry has built up the business and now owns a

36

Revise & Organise


C A 1 pot 2 tube 3 flock 4 bar 5 herd 6 item news cows of of of of of of birds yoghurt chocolate toothpaste In each group, complete the expressions, using the words given. Use each word once only. D 1 packet 2 jar 3 piece 4 bunch 5 set 6 block flats crisps of of of of of of flowers tools advice marmalade

B 1 row 2 bouquet 3 lump 4 sheet 5 pair 6 party of of of of of of

E 1 sigh 2 chest 3 pair 4 way 5 letter 6 pinch of of of of of of

flowers paper

sugar visitors

houses trousers

relief sunglasses

application life

salt drawers

C 1 loaf 2 pair 3 tin 4 rate 5 spell 6 range of of of of of of

F 1 clap 2 shower 3 point 4 piece of of of of

5 spoonful of 6 standard of

soup bread

exchange scissors

mountains bad weather

rain thunder

music view

living sugar

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2.17
Paper 3

Prepositional phrases

Complete each phrase below with one of the following prepositions: at by accident age air control far for from first guarantee the impression instance least under without now on present sale times warning

Now use each of the phrases above once only to complete the following sentences: 1 He was that we were going out together. Whatever gave him that idea? ? . He cant have done it on purpose. as its much quicker. I hated maths but later I got quite keen on it. but she managed to get into the club because she looks much older than so there was no charge. at quite a reasonable price. , the door burst open and she rushed in. but there should be some in a week or two. 200 people to turn up as there has been lots of publicity. the cheapest holiday weve ever been on. We usually pay much more. it can get pretty unbearable. all latecomers have to wait in the canteen until the next as we go across the fields or hell chase after the sheep.

2 Is there anything non-alcoholic orange juice 3 Im sure he broke the window 4 He usually travels 5 6 She was she really is. 7 The television is still 8 We saw a new house 9 Suddenly, 10 There arent any vacancies 11 We expect 12 This is

13 Usually the heat doesnt bother me but 14 A new system starts today. lesson starts. 15 You must keep that dog

38

Revise & Organise


C Put the phrases from the exercises into the appropriate list. Add one of the prepositions to the words below to make more phrases to add to your lists. Space has been left for your own examples. all means any rate delay doubt mistake pressure the time being time to time

AT

BY

FOr

FrOM

UNDEr

WITHOUT

Make sentences with any phrases you are not sure about so that you can understand and remember them.

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2.18
Paper 3

Collocations review

Complete each of the blanks with one word only. By (1) Her father (2) (3) young man. I spent hours getting (5) clothes suitable (6) to (8) for the dreaded event. I spent so long trying to choose the occasion that I (7) my way to my girlfriends house (9) the bus and had foot. the most terrifying day of my life was the day I met my girlfriends family. to her going out with somebody he had never met and insisted meeting me to see if he approved (4) his daughters

I had been instructed to be there for afternoon tea at three oclock, and as I did not want to be (10) for this first meeting, I ran the last 500 metres. As I (11) at my time. because the corner of the street where her house was situated, I took a quick (12) watch. It was five to three. I was there just (13)

My girlfriend, Sandra, opened the door, startled to see me out of (14) I had been running. The family (15) Sandra told me not to (16) Im sure my heart was (17) into a room which was so dark that (18) who was inside. Gradually, I became (19) They stared at me (20)

barked an unfriendly welcome at me but any attention as he was quite friendly really. twice as fast as I went into the house. I was shown first it was impossible to make out of four figures standing by a table. silence. There was no escape. I was doomed.

If you are using a course book to study for FCE, remember to keep looking through the texts you have studied and highlight or underline any useful collocations.

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