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Pedoman Debat Bhs Inggris Tahun 2012

Pedoman Debat Bhs Inggris Tahun 2012

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PANDUAN NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIP (NUEDC

)

KEMENTERIAN PENDIDIKAN DAN KEBUDAYAAN RIAN DIREKTORAT JENDERAL PENDIDIKAN TINGGI DIREKTORAT PEMBELAJARAN DAN KEMAHASISWAAN 2012

KATA PENGANTAR

Lomba debat Bahasa Inggris sudah menjadi bagian penting dalam persaingan global. Lomba ini semakin dikembangkan di beberapa negara, terutama negaranegara berkembang, dalam rangka meningkatkan kualitas daya saing bangsa. Sudah selayaknya, pemerintah melalui Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan mengembangkan debat Bahasa Inggris bagi mahasiswa di Indonesia. Di dalam debat Bahasa Inggris, terdapat tuntutan penggunaan kombinasi kemampuan berbahasa Inggris dan kemampuan berargumen. Judgement yang dihasilkan selalu melalui alasan (reasoning) dan dukungan fakta yang jelas. Debat ini menuntut mahasiswa tidak hanya mengetahui isu-isu global tetapi juga menganalisisnya. Secara langsung, debat bahasa Inggris mampu menginternalisasikan kemampuan berpikir kritis dalam keterampilan berkomunikasi. Menyadari pentingnya lomba debat Bahasa Inggris bagi kualitas pendidikan bangsa, Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi mengembangkan kegiatan ini melalui National University English Debating Championship (NUEDC). Lomba ini bertujuan meningkatkan kemampuan komunikasi mahasiswa Indonesia di tingkat internasional dan mengembangkan jejaring dalam rangka meningkatkan daya saing bangsa. Pemenang NUEDC tahun 2010 telah diutus sebagai Delegasi Indonesia di tingkat internasional di Gaborone, Botswana Afrika, dan di Manila, Filipina untuk pemenang NUEDC tahun 2011. Pada tahun 2012 direncanakan akan mengirim pemenang NUEDC ke Berlin, Jerman. Semoga dengan pedoman umum ini penyelenggaraan NUEDC di tingkat perguruan tinggi, tingkat wilayah maupun di tingkat nasional dapat terlaksana dengan baik. Kepada semua pihak yang membantu tersusunnya pedoman umum ini kami mengucapkan terima kasih. Jakarta, Februari 2012 Direktur Pembelajaran dan Kemahasiswaan,

Illah Sailah NIP 195805211982121001
NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS

2012

i

...................................... 8 B...... 2 II..................................................... Mekanisme Penilaian ................................................................................. 2 C... Tujuan ....... 1 B...................................................................................................................... 10 B.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Persyaratan ............................................PENGHARGAAN ............. 12 NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 ii .......................................... 4 1.................................................................................... 10 A................................ 5 3............................ PESERTA ............ 4 2.................................................................................................................... Tingkat Internasional ............................................................................................................................................................ 7 B........................................ Tingkat Perguruan Tinggi ... 11 VII.......................... 6 4............................................................................... PENJURIAN ........................... Adjudicator/Dewan Juri ...................................... i DAFTAR ISI ................................ 2 D......................................................... Pengertian ................ SUMBER DAYA... 7 A.......DAFTAR ISI KATA PENGANTAR ....... PENDAHULUAN .............................................................. Pendaftaran ..... 10 VI....... Latar Belakang ....... SISTEM DAN MEKANISME LOMBA .......................................................................................... 1 A......................... SUSUNAN ACARA DAN JADWAL KEGIATAN ....... 3 B............ Tingkat Wilayah ....................................................... Jadwal Kegiatan ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 3 A. 8 A..... Sistem Lomba .......................................... Tingkat Nasional ... ii I... 6 III...... Sasaran ...... Acara dalam NUEDC Tingkat Nasional adalah sebagai berikut: ...................................... 8 V....................................... Tahapan Seleksi .............................................................................................................................. 7 IV..

..................................................... 20 Part 5 .................................................................. 18 Part 4 .......Manner .....................Matter ...........Definitions ......... 16 Part 3 ............................................................................................................................................ 13 Part 1 ...........LAMPIRAN ...................................................................Introduction .... 22 NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 i ................... 13 Part 2 ......................................................................................................................................................The Adjudication...........

I. yaitu Terselenggaranya Layanan Prima Pendidikan Nasional Untuk Membentuk Insan Indonesia Cerdas Komprehensif. Indonesia perlu terus menjadikan debat bahasa Inggris sebagai bagian kajian akademik. Debat bahasa Inggris menuntut mahasiswa tidak hanya mampu mengungkapkan ide dalam bahasa Inggris. PENDAHULUAN A. Debat bahasa Inggris sudah menjadi kebutuhan dunia akademik mahasiswa. Sudah tepat jika institusi pendidikan di Indonesia melaksanakan lomba debat bahasa Inggris antar mahasiswa dalam rangka internalisasi semangat kompetisi positif yang bermuatan tuntutan kemampuan komunikasi dan argumentasi. soft skill) yang semakin tinggi. debat bahasa Inggris merupakan media yang tepat dalam melatih kemampuan negosiasi dan argumentasi mahasiswa dalam skala internasional. membuat judgement. Salah satu usaha pembinaan tersebut adalah melalui kompetisi debat Bahasa Inggris. Direktorat Pembelajaran dan Kemahasiswaan Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi Kemdikbud merumuskan kebijakan dan pembinaan kepada mahasiswa agar agar menjadi insan cerdas. komprehensif dan kompetitif. serta kebutuhan tingkat profesionalisme (knowledge. Di dalam debat bahasa Inggris. dalam bentuk apapun. yang telah dirumuskan dalam National University English Debating Championship (NUEDC). Tuntutan kompetensi penguasaan pengetahuan global menjadi salah satu alasan mengapa debat bahasa Inggris perlu menjadi bagian akademik mahasiswa. tetapi juga menuntut mahasiswa mampu menguasai pengetahuan global. mahasiswa akan dihadapkan persoalan-persoalan nyata yang dihadapi suatu masyarakat atau bangsa. menganalisis. Di saat negara-negara berkembang mewajibkan muatan debat bahasa Inggris ke dalam kurikulum pendidikan mereka. Latar Belakang Tingkat persaingan sumber daya manusia (SDM) di pasar kerja nasional dan internasional terus meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan pemanfaatan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi baru pada berbagai bidang usaha. Sesuai dengan visi Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan (Kemdikbud). dan meyakinkan publik. Oleh karena itu. Mahasiswa harus mampu berposisi dan meyakinkan publik bahwa posisi mereka benar dan tepat. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 1 . hard skill.

meningkatkan kemampuan bahasa Inggris lisan. Equity Board adalah badan yang bertanggungjawab atas keadilan (fairness) dalam perlombaan. Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. 3. Tabulator adalah orang yang bertanggungjawab terhadap tabulasi penilaian dalam perlombaan. Deputy Chief Adjudicator adalah wakil ketua juri yang ikut membantu tugas ketua juri dalam penjurian. 2. 5. 7. Tujuan 1. Convener adalah orang yang mengatur jalannya perlombaan. Debater adalah 2 (dua) orang peserta yang mengikuti perlombaan. D. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 2 . dan menciptakan iklim kompetitif. 6. 8. Mengembangkan kemampuan mahasiswa untuk menyampaikan pendapat secara logis dan sistematis. C. untuk diikutkan dalam akreditasi. Chief Adjudicator adalah ketua juri yang mengatur mekanisme penjurian.B. Pengertian 1. Meningkatkan kemampuan mahasiswa untuk berpikir kritis dan analitis. 2. Invited Adjudicator adalah juri yang diundang oleh Direktorat Pembelajaran dan Kemahasiswaan Ditjen Pendidikan Tinggi. Sasaran Sasaran NUEDC adalah semua mahasiswa aktif Program Sarjana atau Diploma di Perguruan Tinggi di lingkungan Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. N1 Adjudicator adalah calon juri yang dikirim oleh tim. sehingga mahasiswa mampu bersaing di tingkat nasional maupun internasional. Meningkatkan daya saing lulusan perguruan tinggi melalui media debat ilmiah. 3. 4.

Sistem Lomba Sistem yang digunakan dalam NUEDC adalah sistem British Parliamentary (BP). Main Draw memiliki beberapa babak sebagai berikut: 1. Untuk NUEDC tingkat Wilayah. 2. artinya semua tim akan melalui 7 (tujuh) kali debat dan 32 (tiga puluh dua) tim terbaik hasil dari penyisihan akan maju ke babak berikutnya. Grand Final Round (Babak Final) Babak puncak yang mempertemukan 4 (empat) tim terbaik untuk menentukan juara 1. Delapan tim yang berhasil masuk ke babak semifinal akan mewakili wilayah untuk mengikuti seleksi tingkat nasional. Sistem ini adalah sistem yang digunakan dalam World University Debating Championship (WUDC) atau lomba debat antar perguruan tinggi tingkat dunia. 2. Semifinal Rounds (Babak Semi Final) Mempertemukan 8 (delapan) tim terbaik yang terbagi dalam dua ruang debat dan 2 (dua) tim terbaik dari masing-masing ruang akan maju ke babak grand final. artinya tim hanya melakukan sekali perdebatan. SISTEM DAN MEKANISME LOMBA A. dan 4. Quarterfinal Rounds (Babak Perempat Final) Babak ini merupakan sistem gugur. Terdapat 16 (enam belas) tim yang berdebat di dalam empat ruang debat dan 2 (dua) tim terbaik di masing-masing ruang akan maju ke babak semifinal. Ada dua kategori lomba di dalam NUEDC tingkat nasional yaitu Main Draw dan Novice. 3. 3. sistem perlombaan adalah sebagai berikut: 1.II. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 3 . Preliminary Rounds (Babak Penyisihan) Terdapat 7 (tujuh) kali babak penyisihan di NUEDC tingkat nasional. 4. Preliminary Rounds (Babak Penyisihan) Terdapat 3 (tiga) sampai 5 (lima) babak penyisihan untuk menentukan 16 (enam belas) tim terbaik yang berhak maju ke babak quarter final.

dan 4. 3. Tahapan Seleksi NUEDC melalui beberapa tahap perlombaan berikut: 1. 3. Tingkat Perguruan Tinggi Perguruan tinggi melaksanakan seleksi. 2. 3. Semifinal Rounds (Babak Semi Final) Babak ini merupakan sistem gugur. Empat tim terbaik akan mengikuti Grand Final Round. Enam belas tim akan mengkuti Quarterfinal Rounds dengan sistem gugur 4. 3. Kategori Novice diikuti oleh tim hasil seleksi wilayah yang ditentukan melalui mekanisme wawancara pada waktu seleksi tingkat nasional 2. artinya tim hanya melakukan sekali perdebatan dan 4 (empat) tim terbaik hasil dari babak ini akan maju ke babak berikutnya. untuk menentukan 1 (satu) tim terbaik. Grand Final Round (Babak Final) Babak puncak yang mempertemukan 4 (empat) tim terbaik yang akan memilih Juara 1. Tim yang masuk kategori Novice adalah 16 tim teratas yang terdaftar sebagai tim Novice dan tidak masuk dalam 32 besar Main Draw. 4. Delapan tim terbaik akan mengikuti Semifinal Rounds dengan sistem gugur 5. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 4 .2. 5. Dari babak ini. Satu tim terdiri dari 2 (dua) mahasiswa sebagai debater dan 1 (satu) orang sebagai N1 adjudicator yang selanjutnya berhak untuk mengikuti seleksi tingkat wilayah. artinya tim hanya melakukan sekali perdebatan dan 8 (delapan) tim terbaik hasil dari babak ini akan maju ke babak berikutnya. Penjelasan mengenai kategori Novice adalah sebagai berikut: 1. akan dipilih juara 1. artinya tim hanya melakukan sekali perdebatan dan 16 (enam belas) tim terbaik hasil dari babak ini akan maju ke babak berikutnya. 2. Quarterfinal Rounds (Babak Perempat Final) Babak ini merupakan sistem gugur. Octofinal Rounds (Babak Perdelapan Final) Babak ini merupakan sistem gugur. B. dan 4.

Bekasi. Tingkat Wilayah Seleksi tingkat wilayah akan diikuti oleh satu tim terbaik dari masingmasing perguruan tinggi di wilayah tersebut. Depok.2. 2) Bangka Belitung. 3) Bengkulu dan 4) Lampung : Kopertis Wilayah II di Palembang : 1) Daerah Khusus Ibukota (DKI) Jakarta. Seleksi ini menentukan 8 (delapan) tim terbaik. Wilayah II meliputi : 1) Sumatera Selatan. Wilayah I meliputi : 1) Sumatera Utara. Wilayah VI meliputi Pelaksana g. Wilayah IV meliputi Pelaksana e. Bogor. Wilayah seleksi sebagai berikut: a. 2) Nusa Tenggara Barat. Wilayah VII meliputi Pelaksana h. Wilayah III meliputi Pelaksana d. dan 2) Nangroe Aceh Darussalam Pelaksana : Kopertis Wilayah I di Medan b. dan 3) Bali : Kopertis Wilayah VIII di Denpasar Pelaksana c. Wilayah V meliputi Pelaksana f. Wilayah VIII meliputi Pelaksana NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 5 . dan 2) Banten : Kopertis Wilayah III di Jakarta : 1) Jawa Barat : Kopertis Wilayah IV di Bandung : 1) Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) : Kopertis Wilayah V di Yogyakarta : 1) Jawa Tengah : Kopertis Wilayah VI di Semarang : 1) Jawa Timur : Kopertis Wilayah VII di Surabaya : 1) Nusa Tenggara Timur.

3) Papua. Seluruh tim berjumlah 288 orang yang terdiri atas 192 mahasiswa debaters dan 96 orang N1 adjudicator.i. Tingkat Internasional Tiga tim terbaik Main draw dan satu tim terbaik Novice di NUEDC tingkat nasional akan diprioritaskan untuk mewakili Indonesia mengikuti debat bahasa Inggris tingkat dunia World University Debating Championship (WUDC). 3) Sulawesi Tengah. dan 4) Kalimantan Timur : Kopertis Wilayah XI di Banjarmasin : 1) Maluku. 2) Sulawesi Utara. 3) Kepulauan Riau (Kepri). 2) Riau. Wilayah X meliputi : 1) Sulawesi Selatan. Wilayah IX meliputi Pelaksana j. 2) Kalimantan Barat. dan 6) Gorontalo : Kopertis Wilayah IX di Makassar : 1) Sumatera Barat. 3) Kalimantan Tengah. Wilayah XI meliputi Pelaksana l. Wilayah XII meliputi Pelaksana 3. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 6 . Tingkat Nasional Seleksi tingkat nasional akan diikuti oleh para pemenang tingkat wilayah I sampai dengan wilayah XII yang berjumlah 96 tim. dan 4) Jambi : Kopertis Wilayah X di Padang : 1) Kalimantan Selatan. 4. 2) Maluku Utara. dan 4) Papua Barat : Kopertis Wilayah XII di Ambon Pelaksana k. 5) Sulawesi Barat. 4) Sulawesi Tenggara.

Persyaratan 1. Pelaksana seleksi wilayah (Kopertis Wilayah I-XII) mendaftarkan 8 (delapan) tim terbaik ke panitia NUEDC di Direktorat Pembelajaran dan Kemahasiswaan Ditjen Pendidikan Tinggi. Satu tim terdiri atas dua debaters dan 1 (satu) N1 adjudicator. 3. N1 Adjudicator adalah mahasiswa aktif/dosen dari perguruan tinggi asal Debater. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 7 .III. Pendaftaran seleksi tingkat wilayah dilakukan di masing-masing Kopertis Wilayah I-XII. 2. 5. Debater adalah mahasiswa aktif dalam Program Sarjana atau Diploma. Debater masih berstatus mahasiswa aktif Program Sarjana atau Diploma dengan batas usia maksimum 27 tahun. Peserta NUEDC adalah Warga Negara Indonesia (WNI) 2. Kementrian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. 6. PESERTA A. B. 7. Debater wajib mengikuti seminar on debating dan N1 adjudicator wajib mengikuti adjudication seminar dan adjudicator accreditation. Anggota tim tidak boleh diganti dengan alasan apapun. 4. Pendaftaran 1.

Accredited Adjudicator. dan C. Deputy Chief of Adjudicator (DCA)/wakil ketua juri dipilih oleh Ditjen Pendidikan Tinggi.IV. 3. Mekanisme Penilaian 1. PENJURIAN A. weaknesses. Invited Adjudicators/juri undangan dipilih oleh Ditjen Pendidikan Tinggi atas dasar kompetensi dalam debat bahasa Inggris atau pengalaman menjadi adjudicators. 2. Trainee Adjudicators adalah N1 adjudicator yang tidak lulus akreditasi namun masih diberi kesempatan untuk ikut belajar menjadi juri. Chief of Adjudicator (CA)/ketua juri dipilih oleh Ditjen Pendidikan Tinggi. dan Trainee Adjudicator. Invited Adjudicator. Penilaian tim harus berdasarkan pada ketentuan berikut: Grade Marks Meaning A Excellent to flawless. yaitu A. The standard you would expect to see from a team at the finals level 160-179 or in contention to make to the finals. The team has clear NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 8 . 140-159 Average. B. 4. The standard you would expect to see from a team at the Semi Final / Grand 180-200 Final level of the tournament. Terdapat tiga jenis akreditasi. 3. Accredited Adjudicators/juri hasil akreditasi terhadap N1 adjudicator pada awal perlombaan. The team has much strength and few. 2. if any. B. The team has clear strengths and some minor weaknesses. 5. Deputy Chief of Adjudicator (DCA). The team has strengths and weaknesses in roughly equal proportions. 1. Penilaian terdiri atas penilaian tim dan individu. Penilaian ditentukan berdasarkan aturan dalam sistem BP (British Parliamentary). Above average to very good. Adjudicator/Dewan Juri Adjudicator di NUEDC terdiri atas Chief of Adjudicator (CA). B C D 120-139 Poor to below average.

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 9 . The team has fundamental weaknesses and few. and A 90-100 B 80-89 C D E 70-79 60-69 50-59 Poor to below average. 4. strengths. This speaker has clear strengths and some minor weaknesses. The standard you would expect to see from a speaker at the finals level or in contention to make to the finals.Grade Marks Meaning problems and some minor strengths. if any. The speaker has strengths weaknesses and roughly equal proportions. E 100-119 Very poor. Very poor. Average. Grade Marks Meaning Excellent to flawless. if any. The standard of speech you would expect to see from a speaker at the Semi Final / Grand Final level of the tournament. This speaker has much strength and few. The team has clear problems and some minor strength. Above average to very good. weaknesses. This speaker has fundamental weaknesses and few. Penilaian individu harus berdasar pada ketentuan berikut. strengths. if any.

Materi dalam seminar ini adalah tata cara penilaian. Acara dalam NUEDC Tingkat Nasional adalah sebagai berikut: 1. Seminar ini diikuti dengan tes bagi calon adjudicator. Seminar on Adjudicating. Quarterfinal Rounds/Novice Semifinal 7. Novice Final 9.d. Grand Final Round B. Seminar ini diadakan bersamaan waktunya dengan seminar on debating. 2. Preliminary Rounds. Seminar ini merupakan ajang akreditasi bagi calon adjudicator. April April s. SUSUNAN ACARA DAN JADWAL KEGIATAN A. Seminar on Debating. Jadwal Kegiatan Jadwal kegiatan NUEDC 2012 adalah: NO KEGIATAN 1 Sosialisasi NUEDC 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Seleksi tingkat masing-masing perguruan tinggi Seleksi tingkat wilayah Pelaksanaan NUEDC tingkat nasional Pendaftaran delegasi ke WUDC Pembinaan delegasi Indonesia oleh PT masing-masing Pembinaan delegasi Indonesia oleh tim Dikti Pengiriman ke tingkat dunia Laporan dan Evaluasi WAKTU Januari s. Materi seminar adalah penjelasan sistem dan strategi perlombaan 3. 5.September Oktober Desember Desember NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 10 . Octofinal Rounds/Novice quarterfinal 6. Mei Juni Juni Juli .d. Upacara Pembukaan.d. Semifinal Rounds 8. Merupakan pertemuan teknis antar tim peserta.V. Maret Maret s. 4.

sound system dan LCD projector. Kelompok debat mahasiswa b. Ruang ini tidak perlu dilengkapi dengan LCD projector. Untuk NUEDC tingkat nasional. Dosen Pembimbing kegiatan debat NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 11 . dan printer 2. Berikut adalah sumber daya yang diperlukan dalam pelaksanaan NUEDC: 1. c. Fasilitas/Sarana a. dibutuhkan 25 ruang kecil. Masingmasing hall dilengkapi computer. Dua ruang besar (hall) yang digunakan untuk debaters’ hall (ruang besar debater) dan adjudicators’ hall (ruang besar juri). LCD projector.VI. Sumber Daya Manusia a. b. SUMBER DAYA Sumber daya yang dibutuhkan dalam NUEDC disiapkan oleh panitia. Kapasitas debaters’ hall adalah untuk 250 orang dan Adjudicators’ hall untuk 150 orang. Ketersediaan sumber daya manusia dan sarana/fasilitas sangat menentukan kualitas NUEDC. Ruang-ruang kecil (kapasitas 20 orang). Disesuaikan dengan jumlah Preliminary Rounds yang diadakan. Ruang untuk panitia dilengkapi dengan computer.

3. Bantuan Dana Pembinaan diberikan kepada Juara 1. Medali diberikan kepada 10 Best Speakers. Penghargaan di tingkat perguruan dan wilayah diserahkan kepada masing-masing perguruan tinggi dan wilayah. 2. 2. 3. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 12 .VII. 3. PENGHARGAAN Penghargaan NUEDC tingkat nasional adalah sebagai berikut: 1. 3 Main Draw dan juara 1 Novice. Pengiriman tim ke tingkat dunia untuk Juara 1. 2. Sertifikat diberikan kepada peserta (Debater dan Adjudicator). dan 4 Novice. 4. 2. dan 4 Main Draw serta Juara 1.

Closing Opposition: " Member for the Opposition" or "Third Opposition member" and " Opposition Whip" or "Fourth Opposition member".3 Members will deliver substantive speeches in the following order: (1) Prime Minister.1. (4) Deputy Opposition Leader. (5) Member for the Government.1 The format of the debate 1.1 The debate will consist of four teams of two persons (persons will be known as "members"). NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 13 . (8) Opposition Whip.LAMPIRAN BRITISH PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM Part 1 . 1. (2) Opposition Leader.2 Teams will consist of the following members: 1.1. Opening Government: " Prime Minister" or "First Government member" and " Deputy Prime Minister" or "Second Government member".2 Members will deliver a substantive speech of seven minutes duration and should offer points of information while members of the opposing teams are speaking. Opening Opposition: " Leader of the Opposition" or "First Opposition member" and " Deputy Leader of the Opposition" or "Second Opposition member".1. (6) Member for the Opposition. 1. (3) Deputy Prime Minister. (7) Government Whip. Closing Government: " Member for the Government" or "Third Government member" and " Government Whip" or "Fourth Opposition member". a chairperson (known as the "Speaker of the House" or "Mister/Madame Speaker" and an adjudicator or panel of adjudicators.Introduction 1.

1.7 Points of Information should be assessed in accordance with clause 3.3 Members are permitted to use printed or written material during preparation and during the debate.4 of these rules.6 Members should attempt to answer at least two Points of Information during their speech. The use of electronic equipment is prohibited during preparation and in the debate. Members should also offer Points of Information. journals. 1. newspapers and other similar materials.4.3. 1.1 The debate should commence 15 minutes after the motion is announced.2. 1. 1. 1.1. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 14 .2 The motion should rNoviceect that the World Universities Debating Championship is an international tournament.4 Preparation 1. The member may announce that they would like to ask a "Point of Information" or use other words to this effect. 1. 1.4.3.2 Teams should arrive at their debate within five minutes of the scheduled starting time for that debate.3.3 The members should debate the motion in the spirit of the motion and the tournament. 1.4.4.4.2. 1. 1.5 Points of Information 1.2 To ask a Point of Information. a member should stand.4. 1.4 Points of Information should not exceed 15 seconds in length.1 The motion should be unambiguously worded.8 Points of Order and Points of Personal Privilege are not permitted.4. 1.5 The member who is speaking may ask the person offering the Point of Information to sit down where the offeror has had a reasonable opportunity to be heard and understood.3 The motion 1.4.3. place one hand on his or her head and extend the other towards the member speaking. Printed material includes books.2.3 The member who is speaking may accept or decline to answer the Point of Information.1 Points of Information (questions directed to the member speaking) may be asked between first minute mark and the six-minute mark of the members’ speeches (speeches are of seven minutes duration).

6 Timing of the speeches 1.5.3 There will be verbal adjudication of the debate after the first six preliminary rounds of the tournament. 1. 1.1 The debate should be adjudicated by a panel of at least three adjudicators.2 Points of Information may only be offered between the first minute mark and the six minute mark of the speech (this period should be signaled by one strike of the gavel at the first minute and one strike at the sixth minute). the adjudicators should confer and rank the teams.2 At the conclusion of the debate.6. 1. Speeches over seven minutes and 15 seconds may be penalized.1 Speeches should be seven minutes in duration (this should be signaled by two strikes of the gavel). it is the duty of the Chair of the Adjudication panel to ensure that speeches are timed. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 15 .5.4 In the absence of the Speaker of the House.3 It is the duty of the Speaker of the House to time speeches. 1.6.1.5 of these rules. from first placed to last place. 1. 1.7 The adjudication 1.5.5. where this is possible. The verbal adjudication should be delivered in accordance with clause 5.6. (see Part 5: The Adjudication).

2.3. (b) not be self-proving .a definition is self-proving when the case is that something should or should not be done and there is no reasonable rebuttal.1 The adjudicator should determine the definition to be ‘unreasonable’ where it violates clause 2. and (d) not be place set unfairly .Definitions 2.2 The Prime Minister should provide the definition at the beginning of his or her speech.2. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 16 . 2.3 The Leader of the Opposition should substitute an alternative definition after challenging the definition of the Prime Minister.1.2 of these rules. (c) not be time set . A definition is may also be self-proving when the case is that a certain state of affairs exists or does not exist and there is no reasonable rebuttal (these definitions are sometimes referred to as "truisms").1 The Leader of the Opposition may challenge the definition if it violates clause 2.3 Assessing the definitional challenge 2. The Leader of the Opposition should clearly state that he or she is challenging the definition. 2.this means that an average reasonable person would accept the link made by the member between the motion and the definition (where there is no such link the definition is sometimes referred to as a "squirrel").2 Challenging the definition 2.1.1 The definition 2.this means that the debate must take place in the present and that the definition cannot set the debate in the past or the future. 2.Part 2 .1. 2.this means that the definition cannot restrict the debate so narrowly to a particular geographical or political location that a participant of the tournament could not reasonably be expected to have knowledge of the place.2.3 The definition must: (a) have a clear and logical link to the motion . 2.3 of these rules.1 The definition should state the issue (or issues) for debate arising out of the motion and state the meaning of any terms in the motion which require interpretation.1.

2. the Closing Opposition may challenge the definition of the Closing Government and substitute an alternative definition.4 Where the definition of the Opening Government is unreasonable and an alternative definition is substituted by the Opening Opposition. 2.3.3. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 17 .2. 2.3 Where the definition is unreasonable.5 If the Opening Opposition has substituted a definition that is also unreasonable.2 The onus to establish that the definition is unreasonable is on the members asserting that the definition is unreasonable.3. the opposition should substitute an alternative definition that should be accepted by the adjudicator provided it is not unreasonable.3. the Closing Government may challenge the definition of the Opening Opposition and substitute an alternative definition. 2.3. the Closing Government may introduce matter which is inconsistent with the matter presented by the Opening Government and consistent with the definition of the Opening Opposition.6 If the Closing Government has substituted a definition that is also unreasonable (in addition to the unreasonable definitions of the Opening Government and Opening Opposition.

3.Part 3 .1 Matter is the content of the speech. ‘The elements of matter’ should assist an adjudicator to assess the persuasiveness and credibility of the NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 18 .5 or 2.2 Matter should be relevant. 3.1.3.1.6 of these rules).2.1 The definition of matter 3. Matter I ncludes Points of Information. examples.2.2. 3. logical and consistent.1 The matter presented should be persuasive. 3.2. 3.3 Assessing matter 3. 3.3.4 Matter should be consistent.1 Matter should be relevant.2. 3. Members should ensure that the matter they present is consistent within their speech. 2. It should relate to the issues of the debate: positive material should support the case being presented and rebuttal should refute the material being presented by the opposing team(s). their team and the remainder of the members on their side of the debate (subject to clauses 2. facts and any other material that attempts to further the case.6 All Members should attempt to answer at least two points of information during their own speech and offer points of information during opposing speeches. 3. It is the arguments a debater uses to further his or her case and persuade the audience.2 The elements of matter 3.2 Matter includes arguments and reasoning.Matter 3. The Member should appropriately prioritize and apportion time to the dynamic issues of the debate.5 All Members should present positive matter (except the final two members in the debate) and all members should present rebuttal (except the first member in the debate). Arguments should be developed logically in order to be clear and well reasoned and therefore plausible.1.2. 3.3 Matter should be logical. The conclusion of all arguments should support the member’s case. case studies.3.3 Matter includes positive (or substantive) material and rebuttal (arguments specifically aimed to refute the arguments of the opposing team(s)). 3.4. The Government Whip may choose to present positive matter.

age.3. social status or disability.3. Members should not be discriminated against on the basis of religion. Adjudicators should analyze the matter presented and assess its persuasiveness. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 19 .matter presented. sex. race.3 Points of information should be assessed according to the effect they have on the persuasiveness of the cases of both the member answering the point of information and the member offering the point of information. sexual preference. 3. 3. color. nationality.2 Matter should be assessed from the viewpoint of the average reasonable person. while disregarding any specialist knowledge they may have on the issue of the debate.

3 The elements of structure 4. The team should: (a) contain a consistent approach to the issues being debated.1. 4.2.3.2.2 Manner is comprised of many separate elements. tone. Excessive hand movements may however be distracting and reduce the attentiveness of the audience to the arguments. but not all. 4. Members who use language which is too verbose or confusing may detract from the argument if they lose the attention of the audience.Part 4 .2 Eye contact will generally assist a member to persuade an audience as it allows the member to appear more sincere.1 Manner is the presentation of the speech.4 Hand gestures will generally assist a member to emphasize important arguments.6 The use of notes is permitted. 4. hand gestures. and volume of the member’s voice and the use of pauses.3 The matter of the team must be structured. The substantive speech of each member should: 4. The team should organize their matter to improve the effectiveness of their presentation.5 Language should be clear and simple.2. the use of notes and any other element which may affect the effectiveness of the presentation of the member. language. but members should be careful that they do not rely on their notes too much and detract from the other elements of manner. and NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 20 .2.Manner 4. 4.1 The elements of style include eye contact.1 The elements of structure include the structure of the speech of the member and the structure of the speech of the team.2.1.3 Voice modulation will generally assist a member to persuade an audience as the debater may emphasize important arguments and keep the attention of the audience.1 The definition of manner 4. The member should organize his or her matter to improve the effectiveness of their presentation. Some.3. 4.3. It is the style and structure a member uses to further his or her case and persuade the audience. 4. 4. 4.2 The elements of style 4.2. voice modulation. 4.2 The matter of the speech of each member must be structured. of these elements are listed below. This includes the pitch.

and (c) include: an introduction.4 Assessing manner 4.4. language (subject to Rule 4. sex. and that they should not discriminate against a member simply because the manner would be deemed ‘inappropriate Parliamentary debating’ in their own country. and (d) be well-timed in accordance with the time limitations and the need to prioritize and apportion time to matter. there are many styles which are appropriate.2 Adjudicators should be aware that at a World Championship. social status or disability.4. nationality. Members should not be discriminated against on the basis of religion.4.(b) allocate positive matter to each member where both members of the team are introducing positive matter.4). Adjudicators should assess whether the member’s presentation is assisted or diminished by their manner. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 21 . 4. 4. color. sexual preference.1 Adjudicators should assess the elements of manner together in order to determine the overall effectiveness of the member’s presentation. 4. age.2. conclusion and a series of arguments.3 Adjudicators should not allow bias to influence their assessment. race.

3 Adjudicators should acknowledge that adjudicators on a panel may form different or opposite views of the debate. (e) Provide a verbal adjudication to the members. and (f) Complete any documentation required by the tournament.1 The role of the adjudicator 5.1. color.2 The adjudication panel should attempt to agree on the adjudication of the debate. (d) Determine the speaker marks. Where a majority decision cannot be reached. First placed teams should be awarded three points.2.The Adjudication 5.4 Adjudicators should confer upon team rankings. (b) Determine the rankings of the teams. (c) Determine the team grades.Part 5 . 5.1 Teams should be ranked from first place to last place. 5.1.2 Ranking teams 5. Where a unanimous decision cannot be reached after conferral. Adjudicators should therefore attempt to base their conclusions on these rules in order to limit subjectivity and to provide a consistent approach to the assessment of debates. 5. the decision of the majority will determine the rankings. sexual preference or disability. race.3 Teams may receive zero points where the adjudicators unanimously agree that the Member has (or Members have) harassed another debater on the basis of religion.1.1 The adjudicator must: (a) Confer upon and discuss the debate with the other adjudicators. nationality.2. second placed teams should be awarded two points. 5. Adjudicators should therefore confer in a spirit of cooperation and mutual respect 5.2. the Chair of the panel of adjudicators will determine the rankings.2 Teams may receive zero points where they fail to arrive at the debate more than five minutes after the scheduled time for debate. 5.2. sex. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 22 . third placed teams should be awarded one point and fourth placed teams should be awarded zero points.

3. if any.1 The panel of adjudicators should agree upon the grade that each team is to be awarded. The team has clear strengths and some minor weaknesses. The standard of speech you would expect to see from a speaker at the Semi Final/Grand Final 90-100 level of the tournament. The team has strengths and weaknesses in roughly equal proportions. B C D E 5. This speaker has much strength and few.The team has much strength and few. The standard you would expect to see from a team at the finals level or in contention to make 160-179 to the the finals.3. strengths.1 After the adjudicators have agreed upon the grade that each team is to be awarded. 140-159 120-139 100-119 Average.5. The team has fundamental weaknesses and few.4. Poor to below average. 5. weaknesses. 5. each adjudicator may mark the individual members at their discretion but must ensure that the aggregate points of the team members is within the agreed grade for that team.2 Team grades and marks should be given the following interpretation: Grade Marks A Meaning Excellent to flawless. weaknesses. if any. The standard you would expect to see 180-200 from a team at the Semi Final/Grand Final level of the tournament. The team has clear problems and some minor strength.3. if any.4 Individual members’ marks should be given the following interpretation: Grade Marks Meaning A Excellent to flawless.3 Grading and marking the teams 5. Above average to very good. that adjudicator will not need to agree upon the team grades and may complete their score sheet at their own discretion. Very poor. Each adjudicator may then mark the teams at their discretion but within the agreed grade. Where there is a member of the panel who has dissented in the ranking of the teams.3 Marking the members 5. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 23 .3.

4.4. 5. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ENGLISH DEBATING CHAMPIONSHIPS 2012 24 .4. This speaker has fundamental weaknesses and few. the adjudication panel should provide a verbal adjudication of the debate.Grade Marks Meaning Above average to very good. (a) identify the order in which the teams were ranked (b) explain the reasons for the rankings of team.4.1 At the conclusion of the conferral. ensuring that each team is referred to in this explanation. by a member of the adjudication panel nominated by the Chair of the panel. and (c) provide constructive comments to individual members where the adjudication panel believes this is necessary. 5.2 The verbal adjudication should be delivered by the Chair of the adjudication panel. 5. strengths. The speaker has strengths and weaknesses and roughly equal proportions. The standard you would expect to see from a speaker at the finals level or in contention to make to the finals.3 The verbal adjudication should: 5.9 The members may approach an adjudicator for further clarification following the verbal adjudication.4 Verbal adjudications 5. these inquiries must at all times be polite and non-confrontational. Very poor.5 The members must not harass the adjudicators following the verbal adjudication. Average.4. or where the Chair dissents. these inquiries must at all times be polite and non-confrontational. 5.7 The verbal adjudication should not exceed 10 minutes. 5. 5. This speaker has clear strengths and some minor weaknesses.6 The members may approach an adjudicator for further clarification following the verbal adjudication.4.4. Poor to below average.4 The verbal adjudication should not exceed 10 minutes. The team has clear problems and some minor strength. if any.4.8 The members must not harass the adjudicators following the verbal adjudication.4. 5. B 80-89 C D E 70-79 60-69 50-59 5.

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