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Rumus Trigonometri SMA

Rumus Trigonometri SMA

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Miftahul Public Document TRIGONOMETRI KUADRAN Sudut Istimewa sin cos tan Indentitas Trigonometri Rumus Trigonometri Persamaan trigonometri

Miftahul Public Document TRIGONOMETRI KUADRAN Sudut Istimewa sin cos tan Indentitas Trigonometri Rumus Trigonometri Persamaan trigonometri

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Published by: Miftahul Balad Live-blog on Nov 19, 2012
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09/17/2013

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Miftahul Public Document

TRIGONOMETRI
sinx = DE MI cosx = SA MI tanx = DE SA

MI x SA

DE

1 sec x = cos x 1 csc x = sin x 1 cot x = tan x

KUADRAN
II
sin = +

I
semua +

II
tan = +

II
cos = +

Sudut Istimewa 0o 30o  1 0 sin  2 cos  tan  1 0
1 3 2 1 3 3

45o
1 2 2 1 2 2

60o
1 3 2
1 2

90o 1 0 -

1

3

Identitas 1. sin2 x + cos2 x = 1 2. sin2 x = 1  cos2 x 3. cos2 x = 1  sin2 x sin x 4. tan x = cos x cos x 5. cot x = sin x

6. sec x =

1 cos x 1 7. csc x = sin x 2 8. sec x = tan2 x + 1 9. csc2 x = cot2 x + 1

Aturan Segitiga 1. Aturan sinus pada segitiga ABC a b c   sin A sin B sin C 2. Aturan cosinus pada segitiga ABC a 2  b 2  c 2  2bc cos A b 2  a 2  c 2  2ac cos B c 2  a 2  b 2  2ab cos C 3. Luas segitiga ABC L = ½ . bc sin A = ½ . ac sin B = ½ . ab sin C L = s( s  a)( s  b)( s  c)

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Miftahul Public Document

s = ½ (a + b + c)
Rumus Trigonometri
1. 2. 3. 4. sin ( + ) = sin  cos  + cos  sin  sin (  ) = sin  cos   cos  sin  cos ( + ) = cos  cos   sin  sin  cos (  ) = cos  cos  + sin  sin  tan ( + ) =

 1 cos 2 2 2 11. cos  =  1 cos 2 2
10. sin2  = 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.
1 2 1 2

tan   tan  1  tan  tan  tan   tan  6. tan (  ) = 1  tan  tan 
5. 7. 8. sin 2 = 2 sin  cos  cos 2  = cos2   sin2  cos 2  = 2cos2   1 cos 2  = 1  2sin2  tan 2 =

sin 3 = 3sin   4sin3  cos 3 = 4cos3   3cos  2sin  cos  = sin (+) + sin () 2cos  sin  = sin (+)  sin () 2 cos  cos  = cos (+) + cos () –2sin  cos  = cos (+)  cos () sin  + sin  = 2 sin 1 (+) cos 1 () 2 2
1 2 1 2

19. sin   sin  = 2 cos 20. cos  + cos  = 2cos

(+) sin (+) cos
1 2

1 2 1 2

() ()
1 2

9.

2tan  1  tan 2

21. cos   cos  = 2 sin

(+) sin

()

Bentuk a cos x + b sin x

1. a cos x + b sin x = k cos (x) k = a 2  b 2 dan tan  = b a 2. y = a cos x + b sin x + c ymax = k + c dan ymin =  k + c 3. Agar acos x + bsin x = c bisa diselesaikan maka a 2  b 2  c 2
Persamaan trigonometri

1. sin x = sin  x =  + n. 360o x = 180o –  + n. 360o 2. cos x = cos  x =  + n. 360o 3. tan x = tan  x =  + n.180 o

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