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) (to) awake: despertarse. Ex.: The boy had awaken when his parents arrived.

(El chico se haba despertado cuando llegaron sus padres). ) (to) beat: vencer, golpear. Ex.: James had beaten his brother's nose at the school. ) (to) become: convertirse en, llegar a ser. Ex.: Hugh had become a very good guitar player last year (Hugh se haba convertido en un buen guitarrista el ao pasado). ) (to) begin: comenzar, empezar. Ex.: John has begun his career as an actor. John ha empezado su carrera como actor. ) (to) bend: curvarse, doblar. Ex.: Rachel has bent the knife this morning. (Rachel ha doblado el cuchillo esta maana). ) (to) bet: apostar. Ex.: Holly has bet ten dollars for her favourite football team. (Holly ha apostado diez dlares por su equipo de ftbol favorito). ) (to) bind: atar, encuadernar. Ex.: The teachers had bound the book last semester. (Los profesores haban encuadernado el libro el semestre pasado). ) (to) bite: morder. Ex.: Ursula had bitten her brother when they were eight years old. (rsula haba mordido a su hermano cuando los dos tenan ocho aos). ) (to) blow: soplar, hinchar. Ex.: Gary had blown his birthday's candles at home. (Gary haba soplado sus velas de cumpleaos en casa). ) (to) break: romper. Ex.: James had broken the glass last night. (James haba roto el cristal anoche). ) (to) bring: traer, llevar. Ex.: Jim had brought the bycicle to his house when I saw him (Jim haba llevado la bicicleta a su casa cuando yo le vi). ) (to) build: construir, edificar Ex.: John had built a house near Menorca last month. (John haba construido/edificado una casa cerca de Menorca). -(to) burn: quemar, arder. Ex.: Hugh has burnt the book when he has finished the exam. (Hugh ha quemado el libro cuando l ha acabado el examen). ) (to) buy: comprar. Ex.: The teacher had bought pencils for the exam. (La profesora haba comprado lpices para el examen). ) (to) catch: coger. Ex.: The boy had caught the bus when Molly arrived. (El chico haba cogido el bus cuando lleg Molly). ) (to) choose: escoger, elegir. She chose the big ice-cream ) (to) come: venir. Ex.: Francis had come to my house when Susan arrived. (Francis haba venido a mi casa cuando Susan lleg) ) (to) cost: costar. Ex.: The pencil has cost one euro. (El lpiz haba costado un euro). ) (to) cut: cortar. Ex.: Ursula has cut the steak with a small knife. (Ursula ha cortado el filete con un cuchillo). ) (to) deal: tratar. Ex.: Our factory has dealt with another important company. (Nuestra empresa ha tratado con otra compaa importante). ) (to) dig: cavar. Ex.: Herbert has dug a hole in his garden. (Herbert ha cavado un agujero en su jardn). ) (to) do/does: hacer. Ex.: Muriel has done the homework at a friend's house. (Muriel ha hecho los deberes en casa de una amiga). ) (to) draw: dibujar, pintar. Ex.: The little boy has drawn an elephant this morning. (El nio pequeo ha dibujado un elefante esta maana). ) (to) drink: beber. Ex.: Hugh has drunk wine all the afternoon. (Hugh ha bebido vino toda la tarde). ) (to) drive: conducir. Ex.: You have driven to the beach this morning. (T has conducido hasta la playa esta maana). ) (to) fall: caer/se. Ex.: Jim has fallen from the stairs when he has arrived home. (Jim se ha cado de las escaleras cuando l ha llegado a casa). ) (to) feed: alimentar. Ex.: Ulrich has fed his dogs with bread. (Ulrich ha alimentado a sus perros con pan. ) (to) feel: sentir. Ex.: James has felt love when he has seen the girl. (James ha sentido amor cuando ha visto a la chica). ) (to) fight: luchar. Ex.: The dog has fought against the cat. (El perro ha luchado contra el gato) ) (to) find: encontrar. ) (to) fly: volar. Ex.: Paul has flown from Barcelona to Paris this morning. (Paul ha volado de Barcelona a Pars esta maana). ) (to) forbid: prohibir. Ex.: Juliana has forbidden red dresses in her class. ) (to) forget: olvidar. Ex.: James has forgotten the key in the bar. (James ha olvidado la llave en el bar). ) (to) forgive: perdonar.

Ex.: Helmut has forgiven the mistake this month. (Helmut ha perdonado el error este mes). ) (to) freeze: helar, congelar. Ex: The snow has frozen on the roof. (La nieve se ha helado en el tejado. ) (to) get: conseguir, lograr, obtener. Ex.: Mary has got a new bicycle this week. (Mary ha conseguido una nueva bicicleta esta semana). ) (to) give: dar. Ex: Some boys have given a cake to the brown dog. ) (to) go/ goes: ir. Ex.: A mouse has gone to his house this morning. (Un ratn ha ido a su casa esta maana. ) (to) grow: crecer. Ex.: The farmer has grown potatoes in his orchard. (El granjero ha cultivado patatas en su huerto). ) (to) hang: colgar. Ex.: My sister has hung the picture on the wall. (Mi hermana ha colgado el cuadro en la pared). ) (to) have : tener, haber. Ex.: My friend has had a baby this morning. (Mi amiga ha tenido un beb esta maana). ) (to) hear: or. Ex.: Jim has heard a bird on the roof this morning. (Jim ha odo un pjaro en el tejado esta maana). ) (to) hide: esconder, esconderse. Ex.: Gary has hidden the bread in his room. (Gary ha escondido el pan en su habitacin). ) (to) hit: golpear. Ex.: John has hit the ball with his arm. (John ha golpeado la pelota con su brazo). ) (to) hold: agarrar, celebrar.mantener, coger. Ex.: The boss has held a meeting in the USA this week. ) (to) hurt: herir, daar. Ex.: The elephant has hurt the tourist knee at the safari. (El elefante ha herido la rodilla del turista en el safari). ) (to) keep: guardar, mantener. Ex.: The woman has kept the milk in the fridge. (La mujer ha guardado la leche en la nevera). ) (to) know: conocer, saber. Ex.: Umberto has known his wife since they were young. (Umberto conoce a su mujer desde que eran jvenes). ) (to) lay: poner. Ex.: Her friends have laid a present beside the door. (Sus amigos han puesto un regalo al lado de la puerta). ) (to) lead: conducir, dirigir. Ex.: Yoko has lead the Japanese tourists to the cathedral this morning. (Yoko ha dirigido a los turistas japoneses a la catedral esta maana). ) (to) learn: aprender. Ex.: Yoshi has learnt Catalan this year. (Yoshi ha aprendido cataln este ao). ) (to) leave: dejar. Ex.: My brother has left his flat this week. (Mi hermano ha dejado su piso este mes). ) (to) lend: prestar. Ex.: My neighbour has lent me his car to go to the supermarket. (Mi vecino me ha prestado su coche para ir al supermercado). ) (to) let: dejar, permitir. Ex.: Her sister has let me make an omelette in her house. (Su hermana me ha dejado hacer una tortilla en su casa). ) (to) lie: echarse. Ex.: Our family has lain on the grass after lunch. (Nuestra familia se ha echado en el csped despus del almuerzo). ) (to) light: encender. Ex.: Anthony has lit a cigarette this morning. (Anthony ha encendido un cigarrillo esta maana). ) (to) lose: perder. Ex.: The student has lost his books in the train. (El estudiante ha perdido sus libros en el tren). ) (to) make: hacer, fabricar. Ex.: The baker has made a big cake for his daughter's birthday. (El panadero ha hecho un gran pastel para el cumpleaos de su hija). ) (to) mean: significar. Ex.: Paul's leaving has meant a big loss for Susan. La partida de Paul ha significado una gran prdida para Susan). ) (to) meet: conocerse por primera vez, encontrarse. Ex.: Anne has met a friend at the cinema. (Anne se ha encontrado a un amigo en el cine). ) (to) mistake: errar, equivocarse. Ex.: They have mistaken one bag for another one. (Ellos han equivocado una cartera por otra). ) (to) overcome: vencer. Ex.: James has overcome his illness this year. (James ha superado su enfermedad este ao). ) (to) pay: pagar. Ex.: Chrales has paid a thousand euros for a boat. (James ha pagado mil euros por una barca). ) (to) put: poner. Ex.: You have put the trousers inside the cupboard. (T has puesto los pantalones dentro del armario. ) (to) read: leer. Ex.: They have read Joseph's novel this semester. (Ellos han ledo la novela de Joseph este semestre).

) (to) ride: conducir, montar. Ex.: My friend has ridden a horse this week-end. (Mi amiga ha montado a caballo este fin de semana). ) (to) ring: llamar (al timbre o por telfono). Ex.: The boy has rung Mary this afternoon. (El chico ha llamado a Mary esta tarde). ) (to) rise: elevarse, levantarse. Ex.: The sun has risen very early this morning. (El sol ha salido muy temprano esta maana). ) (to) run: correr. Ex.: Tim has run all the morning to practice some sport. (Tom ha corrido toda la maana para practicar algo de deporte). ) (to) say: decir. Ex.: Gertrud has said no to her husband's command. (Gertrud ha dicho que no a la peticin de su marido). ) (to) see: ver. Ex.: Harold has seen "Frida" this week. (Harold ha visto "Frida" esta semana). ) (to) seek: buscar. Ex.: John has sought his wallet at home. (John ha buscado su monedero en casa). ) (to) sell: vender. Ex.: Marius has sold his bicycle this morning. (Marius ha vendido su bicicleta esta maana). ) (to) send: enviar. Ex.: The teacher has sent a letter to his pupils' parents. (El profesor ha enviado una carta a los padres de sus alumnos). ) (to) set: poner (se) Ex.: The sun has set at six this evening. (El sol se ha puesto a las seis esta tarde). ) (to) shake: sacudir. Ex.: The boy has shaken the bag at the school. (El chico ha sacudido la bolsa esta maana). ) (to) shine: brillar. Ex.: The sun has shone all the morning. (El sol ha brillado toda la maana). ) (to) shoot: disparar. Ex: The tall man has shot the short one. (El hombre alto ha disparado al hombre bajo). ) (to) show: ensear, mostrar. The director has shown his script to the actors. (El director ha mostrado su guin a los actores). ) (to) shut: cerrar. Ex.: The shop has shut at eight this evening. (La tienda ha cerrado a las ocho esta tarde). ) (to) sing: cantar. Ex.: George Michael has sung a lot of songs in the show. (George Michael ha cantado un montn de canciones en el espectculo). ) (to) sink: hundirse. Ex.: The big ship has sunk in the Atlantic Ocean. (El gran barco se ha hundido en el Ocano Atlntico). ) (to) sit: sentar/se. Ex.: Juliette has sat in front of her sister in the classroom. (Juliette se ha sentado en frente de su hermana en la clase). ) (to) sleep: dormir. The little baby has slept in her parents' bed. (El beb ha dormido en la cama de sus padres). ) (to) slide: deslizarse, resbalar. Simple Past: slid. Past Participle: slid. Th dog slid in the bed ) (to) smell: oler. Ex.: James has smelt the strawbeery cheese cake from his room. (James ha olido el pastel de queso con fresas desde su habitacin). ) (to) speak: hablar. Ex.: Madonna has spoken to her manager because he was angry with her. (Madonna ha hablado con su manager porque l estaba enfadado con ella). ) (to) speed: acelerar. Ex.: Fonsi Nieto has sped his motorbike at the race. (Fonsi Nieto ha acelerado su moto en la carrera). ) (to) spend: gastar. Ex.: Antonio Banderas and Melanie Griffith have spent their holidays at Malaga. (Antonio Banderas y Melanie Griffith han pasado sus vacaciones en Mlaga). ) (to) split: hender, partir, rajar. Ex.: The couple has split the melon at home. (La pareja ha partido el meln en su casa). ) (to) spread: extender. Ex.: Tom has spread the butter on the bread. (Tom ha extendido la mantequilla en el pan). ) (to) stand: estar de pie. Ex.: The teacher has stood in front of the student for half an hour. (El profesor ha estado de pie delante del alumno durante media hora). ) (to) steal: robar. Ex.: The burglars have stolen a lot of pictures from the museum. (Los ladrones han robado muchos cuadros del museo). ) (to stink: Apestar. Ex.: The old house has stunk all the week. (La casa vieja ha apestado toda la semana). ) (to) swim: nadar. Ex.: Edward has swum kilometers this week. (Edward ha nadado kilmetros esta semana). ) (to) take: coger.

Ex.: John Travolta has taken the sunglasses in the film. (John Travolta ha cogido las gafas de sol en la pelcula). ) (to) teach: ensear, educar. Ex.: My father has taught me a lot of things for many years. (Mi padre me ha enseado muchas cosas durante muchos aos). ) (to) tear: rasgar. Ex.: The dog has torn Mary's trousers when they were playing. (El perro ha rasgado los pantalones de Mary cuando ellos estaban jugando). ) (to) tell: contar, explicar. Ex.: Sagrario has told a story to her niece. (Sagrario ha contado un cuento a su nieta). ) (to) think: pensar. Ex.: Timothy has thought about his girlfriend all the week-end. (Timothy ha pensado en su novia todo el fin de semana). ) (to) throw: arrojar, tirar. Ex.: Your mother has thrown your old green trousers. (Tu madre ha tirado tus viejos pantalones verdes). ) (to) thrust: introducir. Ex.: Rachel has thrust the coin into the machine. (Rachel ha introducido la moneda en la mquina). ) (to) understand: entender, comprender. Ex.: Cristina has finally understood that I was angry with her. (Cristina ha entendido finalmente que yo estaba enfadada con ella). ) (to) wake: despertar/despertarse. Ex.: I have woken up very happy with Panchi by my side. (Yo he despertado muy contenta con Panchi a mi lado). ) (to) wear: llevar puesto, usar. Ex.: James has worn a blue shirt this morning. (James ha llevado puesta una camiseta azul esta maana). ) (to) win: ganar. Ex.: Real Madrid has won the Spanish Football Championship this year. (El Real Madrid ha ganado el Campeonato de ftbol espaol este ao). ) (to) write: escribir. Ex.: My friend Joseph has written a very interesting novel. (Mi amigo Joseph ha escrito una novela muy interesante).