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E J E R C IC IO S C O M P LE M E N T A R IO S E C U A C IO N E S E XP O N E N C IA LE S

Resolver por Igualacin de Bases:



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+
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2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2 1
4
7
1/
2
4
16
9
5
4 19
2 1
3 9
2 64
3 243
7 343
5 625
4 1024
3 9
2 1/ 32
128 2
125 25 0
1296 6 0
3 1
16 1 0
2 2
3 9 0
2 1/ 2
6 36
7 1/ 7
4 1024
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x x
x
x x
x x
x x
x x
1.
2.
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18.

( )
( ) ( )
( )

+
+
+ +

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
2
3 2
3 9 3
8
3 1
2 5 1
2
4 1
2
1 5
5 3 2 1 6
1/
3 3
3 2 1
5 2 3
3 9
81 3
128 2
1/ 2 1/ 32
1/ 4 1/ 8
3 27
2 8 2
3 9
11 121
16 8
8 1/ 32
3/ 2 16/ 81
5 5
81 27
2
2
4
x x
x x
x x
x
x x
x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x
x
x x
x x
x
x
19.
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34

=
=
5
3
2
1
3 0
81
1
7
343
x
x
x
.
35.
Resolver mediante cambio de variable:

2
1
3
4 2 6 0
9 3 12 0
9 4 3 243 0
4 15 2 56 0
25 6 5 5 0
25 76 5 3 0
49 3 7 2 0
4 2 15 0
+
+
+
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

1
1
2 1
2 1
1/2
1
9 4 3 3 1 0
5 3 5 4
7 2 7 5 0
2 9 2 4 0
5 126 5 25 0
49 8 7 7 0
9 2 3 9 0
4 5 2 6
3
4 2 3

+
+

+
+ =
+ =
=
+ =
+ =
+ =
=
+
=
+
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
x x
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.

Resolver mediante trminos semejantes:
( )
1 2
1 2
2 1 2
2 1 1 2
2 3 2 2 2 1 2
5 3 1
2 3 /3 2 2 1
2 2 2 56
7 7 7 57
3 3 3 3 846
3 3 3 3 3 121/3
7 7 7 7 2002
5 5 5 5 62380
3 9 27 245
+ +
+ +
+
+ +
+ + +
+
+
+ + =
+ + =
+ + + =
+ + + + =
=
+ =
+ =
x x x
x x x
x x x x
x x x x x
x x x x
x x x x
x x x
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
( ) 4x 5 /3 x 4x/5 1 4x 3
x 1 x x 1 x 2
x 7/2 x 5/2 x 3/2 x 1/2
2x a 13/3 2x a 10/3 2x a 7/3
2x a 4/3 2x a 1/3
x 4/5 x 9/5 x 14/5
x x x
x x
16 32 2 8 208
3 3 3 3 20/9
3 3 3 3 20
2 2 2
2 2 11
2 2 2 35
3 3 41 e e
14)
40 3 3

+
+ + + +
+ + +
+ +
+ + +

=
+ =
+ =
+
+ =
+ + =
+ +
=

8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
x
x x
1
3e e

Se llama ecuacin exponencial


a aquella ecuacin que tiene la
incgnita en el exponente.
Ejemplo:
x
16 2 = ,
x
3 81 =
Se emplearn las propiedades
de la potenciacin, estudiadas
en cursos anteriores:
( )
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
n
n
n n
n
n
n
n
m mn
m n m n
m n m n
n
n
m
n m
n
0
1
n
1 1 n
n n
n
n n n
m n
n m
n n
1 1
2 2
(Para m n)
a a a a ... n
a b a b
a a
b b
a a
a a a
a a a
1
a
a
a a
a 1
a a
a a a a a
a a
a b
b a
a b
b a

>
=
=
| |
=
|
\ .
=
=
=
=
=
=
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= = = =
=
| | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .
| | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
n
n
m
n m
n
1
a
a
a a

=
=
15.
16.