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Attitude 4 Teacher's Book

Attitude 4 Teacher's Book


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Publicado porAna Caro Glez

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Published by: Ana Caro Glez on Jul 30, 2012
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Mike Sayer

Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside luke Prodromou

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~CMILLAN

leacher"s Edition'
Mike Sayer
Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside Luke Prodromou




Welcome to Attitude! Introduction Student's Book Contents Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Review 1 Unit4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Review 2 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Review 3 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Review 4 Songsheets Communication activities Workbook answer key Workbook audioscript

viii 6 16 26 36 38 48 58 68 70 80 90

100 102 112 122 132 134 146 T262 T266



Welcome to Attitude!
Dear Teacher.
Welcome to Attitude, the course that will help you transform your students from learners to successful users of English. The course follows our USER approach. where students ...


m E) m

Understand language use in context.

Strengthen communicative skills.

Explore the structures and use of the English language. Recycle and retain previously learned language.


Understand language use in context Students must encounter language in context to see how it is used. Every lesson in Attitude begins with exposure to the language in situations which allow the user to make a personal connection with the topic. In order to take a more active role, users are often invited to comment on or discuss an aspect of the theme before any formal explanations are introduced. Strengthen communicative skills Most students evaluate their language ability by how well they can speak. Speaking starts early in Attitude and is often integrated with the other skills to encourage communication. All skills in Attitude are practiced interactively: both the listening and the reading tasks encourage student s to actively construct meaning and respond appropriately. Writing is often a forgotten skill. but in Attitude it forms an integral part of each lesson, and is given a special place in Develop your writing sections which present and practice varying aspects of the writ ing process. In the fourth lesson of each unit, students have an additional opportunity to use newly learned language in the contelct of a real life task carried out with a group of classmates. Not only do students use English to negotiate the task with their fellow students. they also further extend their command of the language by comparing their process to that of a group of native speakers they hear performing the same task. Explore the structures and use of the English language In Attitude, grammar is presented and practiced in a straightforward yet meaningful way. Students are often presented with an inductive task in which they have to figure out how the structure works in English, discovering both use and form . They then have opportunities to practice that structure and the chance to connect the language with their own world. feelings and memories. The Develop your learning section introduces further learner training techniques to help students become better learners.

previously learned language D Recycle and isretain important in language learning, but quality repetition is vital. Attitude has three built-in, Repetition very unique ways of recycling the language within and between units to ensure recall: _lesson four in every unit has been written to reintroduce and re-contelctualize the language in the previous unit, taking into account the language accumulated up to that point in the book. The aim is to reinforce understanding of the language and how it is used, through real-world tasks. _ Language is also reintroduced by the Language Resource sections found at the end of each unit. These are more than just summaries of grammar and vocabulary, they promote an active, awareness-raising process of review. - The Review units are a user-friendly way of revising. They have a test-like quality but are also varied and fun to do.
As each lesson in Attitude progresses, the language needs of the learner evolve. They need more challenging contexts in which to stretch their English to the limits. So Attitude builds on the topiCS and activities of the lesson's initial stages, focusing increasingly on freer tasks where students have the opportunity to explore the language as it relates to their own experience.

Attitude gives students a unique opportunity to find their own voice and to be who they really a re - in English'

The Authors


We'd love to hear how Attitude is working for you. Please send a ny comments or experiences you'd like to share with us to attitude@macmi1lan .com.

What's in Attitude?
A ttitude for students
The six levels of Attitude take learners from starter

to advanced. Each Student's Book contains twelve
units, each of which focuses on different aspects of an overall theme over four lessons. Students are

presented with content that is interesting and thought provoking, and from which language ski ll
development exercises naturally flow. Key support

for reading texts and other activities is provided

through Glossaries and Notes. There are

A lesson from the Studenfs Book

comprehensive language Reviews and sections
developing writing and self-study skills.




Attitude Workbooks consolidate and practice the language presented in the Student's Books. The same activities are available in a choice of print format (with audio CD), or on an interactive CD-ROM. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, reading and listening activities relate to the topics in the Student's Book. language Practice activities consolidate the language learned in a particular unit. The Grammar Summary is a useful resource fo r when a Student's Book is not to hand.

Watch w ith Attitude
Attitude DVDs offer high-interest video clips, linked in theme and content to the Student's Book. The DVD itself contains pronunciation, speaking, and everyday English activities. In addition, DVD Activity Books offer a variety of activities to guide students through the DVD. Teaching with Attitude DVDs is easy - just press play on your remote control and let students practice and learn; it's rewarding - students understand real language and culture seen in contexts that immed iately come to life; and it's fun students get to watch lV to learn!


'" a Worksheet from the DVD Activity Book.

Attitude for teachers
Teachers working with Attitude can make use of the follo wing resources:

Attitude Teacher's Edition
An interleaved format combines the Student's Book content with all of the elements needed to make teaching with Attitude a success.

Attitude Class Audio CDs
Two CDs per level contain all the listening material associated with the Student's Book lessons. They include cover versions of the commercially available songs referred to in the text.

Attitude Resource Books
Over thirty activities from a variety of authors provide options for supplementing the Student's Book and Workbook, particularly in the areas of speaking and writing . Each activity is based on a photocopiable worksheet, and is accompanied by comprehensive instructions for its implementation.

Attitude Test CD ROM
The test CD ROM contains a wealth of testing resources to help you place students within the program and then monitor and grade their progress. Tests come in both ready to print and editable formats.

Welcome t o

.. The Student's Book page This is reproduced full size and in color Objectives The objectives for each lesson are cont ained in a chart at top of the page. ._._-~- ... '....-..... to facilitate both planning and carrying out the lesson. -.. """ .... --_........ . _ . ~.. ..Introduction The Attitude Teacher's Edition can help you to • • • Check the answers to an activity.. .... -' .. "'...""...-__ .........-... ...". ........ ' .-_""" '_""'00.... .......- .. due to lack of space an audioscript may be located on an adjacent page. ..... . ... - po. . - ... Introduction . . -_ ... Check the aud ioscript for a listening activity.-.. . ... . ... . "'-_.__ " _ .®.... ... _ ...... .. ........_.. . --. _ ..... .__._-... ......-.<1 .."'-' ... ......._ ......_.... ...-~ C!J't... _....._--..- ~ @... ._ _ '''---'-'' ......_--..-. making them easy to find._--_ --""- ... oMl....:.... ""........... ' _._. Plan how you will introduce and monitor the exercises......--"' -__-.. .. .. _ .. _. ....... .. __ '''---..-_ ----. _ .. .....---. ~. '-... .-_-.. ..... ....- . ..._-.... ~'-.1:10 !-' 0 ...---....::-..._-_ ....... ....--. ..._---.__ _.... t .. ..---........ Gt_ _ ... .. ... . ... --~ .._ ..... ...-' __ _-_. _........_--_ ........ . -....". ...... __-.. ..__ _.._---"-"-.... the audioscripts are printed at the bottom of the page where they are to be used. ... ....-...-. . --.... ._... _ .......'" .. Occasionally...... --»-_.. ... In these cases you will find a note indicating where to refer to._....._-.. 01 ""' __ ..-.. l er...... -~..-... • r..... Overprinted Answers Answers for many of the exercises appear overprinted on the Student's Book page.. _ .. . . _ 'bill'... . --. 1 ...n ---_. ....... ....... .... 4 .._.........~-~ p.--_ _ _ _--_ ..- .__--_.. .......'- .·.... --........'----...... _......... ..-_.. _ ... ..._....1oo> oM t '" "'- It ' '''_ ........-... _---_ _----__---_.... -... ...--~-­ -~ -- :~.-_. _")0-.. ..___ ._ _---_ ----_ ------_ _......... .. _ .. __ . .:'.-::<i...-.. ..... -"'. .... .._-. -' --_ '---'''-'-_ .-'_...-_... . -. ... . ... .............. _ _ _ _ _ ... ....--_ . • Add value to your classes with alternative presentations and additional activities..--_ ....---._. .._....--.. ""-():)O_ " " " ~":!... _.... . . .. _ ..... .---_. ....~ .. --__-_ " ._ ....-...--..~...... -----........."' _..... Audioscripts Wherever possible....... Spooll.. ~<.._..-.... __ .-~-~--~- --..._ . ... ~ @ n__ oI VOII_ ............... 1 .. "'--....... .. ...... --__---__--_....-" dod"". .---_-.. _...-. ---~. ._ .__. . ... _ .. ~ ...bo olH! -. tllI' ...

alternatives are provided for you to vary the presentation of the exercises in the Student's Book.ate. etc. See Icons Explained for more details Note: The icons are intended as a guide to help you. slept.. Pronunciation not e : background to the pronunciation point and ideas for further practice exercises to help students in this area. Quick grammar guide: background regarding the grammar point and a list of typical student errors to watch out for. etc.---' This section shows how much time ___---' remains in the lesson. This section shows how much time will have been used up at the start of the exercise.II •• • Timing The timing icon provides three pieces of information at a glance. A lifeline when preparation time is limited! Workbook Answers and Audioscripts At the end of the Teacher's Edition you can find the answers for the Workbook exercises and the audioscripts for the listening passages in the Workbook. Attitude uses the following terminology to refer to verbs: infinit ive .is/are eating. Introduction . infinitive with to . present progressive . etc. we have provided plenty of space in the margin for you to make your own notes. simple present . simple past . Additional activity: activities that extend the exercises in the Student's Book are provided for you to use if time allows. etc. sleep/sleeps..eat. sleep. Presentati on alternative: frequently. . Often these activities invite students to contribute their own ideas. The notes for an exercise are easy to find thanks to the color coded reference.to eat. is/are sleeping. The Teacher's Edition includes icons that suggest classroom organization and how much time to allot to each exercise. If while planning your lesson you decide to do things differently. Icons Icons in the margin give information on suggested classroom organization and on the comparative timings of the exercises.eat/eats.Icons Explained Additional Notes Within shade boxes you will find a variety of information that will be invaluable when you have time available to plan your classes in depth. Procedural Notes Real classroom research underpins the choice of what to include in the procedural notes for a given activity. etc. Often your own classroom situation will determine which is the most effective way to approach an activity. to sleep. This section shows how much time to dedicate to the exercise. and provide information that is immediately relevant to the classroom situation. Topics covered include the following: Introduce the topic: ideas are provided for you to vary the way you introduce each lesson. Often these activities can be carried out without having students refer to their Student's Books. The icons you will find are as follows: Classroom organization Students work individually Students work in pairs Students work in small groups of between three and five students Students work together as a whole class t t ~.

64 Rec)de: past J)€rlect sfTl)e c:nd p-oges:sfIIe..~ ..:.. tIYd conciticnaI .!~~ ~:::~M ~' ulary . Vocabulary summary ~ Oe<>.de: presslI perlecl.~Voc ~b~ summary ...:.:. used with present perfect Vocabulary summary Unit 4 Longuoge Resource lesson 1 Inventions 48 Third conditIOnal Everyday oqocts Descrorg lox! 50 i' 52 ""'" Stn= 00 """"""" "'" """'" Unit 5 Language Resource Lesson 1 Foc1 or fdian? 56 58 Grammar summary.!:... Lesson 4 Urban myths ~I ' U"' ~·~~~~~ esotnC .coon LiteratlK9 Cootmo""'" context lesson 3 Fad 10 fonlosy 62 Review: the passive Avoiding repetition -:.-_..!::::::~.44 Rec.. ~G = m ::..

- '-- Coo1pM"lg a wntten and spokeJl text ~ A_ -"'" """"" a quiz A """""'" A"""""..'fVie'w An Internet artiCle A discussion '- AIoct"" A"""" _. DesIgrrog and presenUlg a ....'''"....Skills Development Reading Amagazine artide An informal e-mail ~ Writing Ustening Speaking Develop your learning/Writing A". MakI'lQ' associations with ""'" "'*'- ~ and COIlIf'aStng Usng a dctionary AITWi autobiography Interviews A conversation Writing questions fa( A quiz ---"" rnormatlOO Discussing personal regrets Discu:ssng use of ceIphones '-- Short biography extracts - '- InslructOOs i Infonnal e-mails An int€........ Develop your leaming AIoct"" A tou"gUde -""'Exctmgng rnormaticrl obout """" Mnd"......

hkefs expressng contrast ~ deso Oil IQ persalaity Intonation of feE*'lg 74 76 The --#Ig verb Recyde: ded. verbal Unit 7 language Resource 78 80 Grammar summary.lace Pronunciation Body language UtSSOfl 2 Body lolk lesson 3 Dishonesty lesson 4 Interview Visuol. Vocabulary summary Ncul clauses (1) (uSi:lg wtJ-question words) lesson 1 The great picture Trnck <Yld field . lag . the pa$SIYe vocal. WId reialrvs clauses Unit 9 Language Resource ""'" "'""" 98 Grammar summary..how Unit 8 language Resource lesson 1 Beauty Of health? ..Language Development Vocabulary .. Vocabulary summary Songsheets Corrv'nurlcatkln acllvrties [).". 72 L..ctiooary work 134 146 152 158 .0. 86 92 94 Recycle: linkers expressing contrast and -Ing verbs Grammar Vocabulary summary Non-de!ifvng relatrve clauses Your mage and healtl1 l esson 2 1. Vocabulary sunmary Lesson 1 ~O 102 104 AEMew and extension: The world around us Lesson 3 GM 106 lood Unit 12 Language Resou rce 130 Grammar summary.ctol and possbity n \he past.

Skills Development Reading A psycfloIogy article ~ Writing A detailed description Ustening Speaking Describing people's faces Develop your learning/writing of.~~~~--~~----~------~~~~--~---./s and interviewe!s ' notes Discussing a moral dilemma A role play An interview panel ~ Assessing candIdates Making a presentation AAI M I Using a monolingual dictionary Extracts from a sports according to Ranking photographs criteria from a martial arts A radiO phone-in M informaJ convetSation A role play --. O. face Inlervie'l-v with an expert Making inferences about _oct~ - A questionnaire A short stOl'j Job ads. Working IoVilh An __ Develop your learning exam leallet An informal talk A{jreeing and disagreeing """"'""" >Nith statements Discussing further educatioo i A quiz website ad Anewspaper article The writing part of an .atyzing learning styles A magazif)El article A FAO page Extracts from a science book A FADs 011 a website A college seminar '- ATV A radiO interview of cordl.d.~~~~---A radio presenter's notes A presentation Develop your writing A short report Discussing beauty and how it is maintained artiCle Anewspaper artiele A radio discussion 1 "'" ''''' of inproving All informal discussion Ar.--~~--~-----.

the reason is for social. . a Imagine you are an agent for unknown actors and singers. However. is traditional. In most cases. So in the film world.. sounds nice. .. Would you advise them to keep their names or change them? Why? I Why not? William Bradley Louise Ciccone Ram6n Estevez Mary Ann Evans Neftali Reyes Robert Zimmerman Brad Pitt Madonna Martin Sheen George Eliot Pablo Neruda Bob Dylan . . political. At other times the reason may appear eccentric.. so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man . And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele.. Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Bob Dylan because 0". 2 Reading skill s . Sometimes names are changed for marketing purposes.Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton Artists sometimes choose the name of someone they admire. historical. exch ange information about your names. I always write in a different way. some people do take this course of action- wrote under 75 different names." he explained. or cultural reasons. is common in my country. Here are some of the most common .. Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as easy to remember as just plain "Madonna" . is easy to spell. Dylan '"-" Thomas. take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa.1 Speaking skill s a Pu t a chock nexl to the wo rds that describe your firs t name or your last name. his admiration for the Welsh poet. Let's be honest. is fashionable. has a diminutive.. but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood. Another reason may be practicality: in the past.. Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth.. Look at some names of your new clients. .. He didn't want his father to know he was writing poetry. My first name . . Of course. so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot. .. . Liz.. Bob. and she did get her books publ ished! GLOSSARY pseudonym an invented name that an arti~t uses publicly instead of their real name particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it's for purely personal reasons. however... The person's real name is just too long and difficult to remember. if a name sounds too "foreign"... My last name . . women found it very difficult to get published.to something that is more recognizable in a market.. Ram6n Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen . is easy to pronounce. who Unit 1 You and me . it may be changed '-.. . e.. Or maybe the artist's real name doesn't '-..sound very attractive .. has a meaning. Neftalf Reyes. b In groups. b Read the article below. The reason? "When I use a different name.g... such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile. For example. most people never By Alex McCarthy change their names even if they feel unhappy about them.. . . Find the names that these peop le use. To avoid this situation they sometimes gave themselves men's names.

Elizabeth hos many diminutives. Then put students in groups of three or four to do Exercise tb. or they could ask and answer questions. Set a time limit for the reading (four minutes) to make sure that students read quickly. Ask whether anybody knows by what name any of these people are better known. My name is Elizabeth Mon tgomery. You ond me T6 Unit 1 . not worrying about words they don't know. liz. It's difficult to spell and pronounce. Read aloud the task in Exercise 2b. My first nome's a traditional nome and pretty common but not vef}' popular. Lizzie. Beth. and then get brief feedback from the class.Objectives Grammar Topic: names Pronunciation sentence stress Reading a magazine article simple present. 2 Reading skills Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a in pairs. Model what you want the students to say. Encourage students to focus on finding the names. Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to check the words that describe their names in Exercise la. Allow a few minutes. [s your first name fashionable? No. not really. Tell students that these are the real names of well-known stars. simple past Speaking exchanging information about names Write your nome on the board and tel! students something about it This provides a good model to help students do Exercise lb_ For example. They could either take turns to summarize information. My name is quite common but not very fashionable. I really like my name.

ask them if they can tell you the answer to the questions in Exercise 4b . simple present. and connecting words.. Ask students to complete Exercise 3b individually. Words that don't carry the main meaning of the sentence. 14IR}' 1R~' fJ. After students have listened to and noticed the stressed words in the sentences in Exercise 4a .. I R6 like il. F ask students irst. like articles. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past Have students match the sentences with the definitions in Exercise 3a. This moy be a new area for students to grasp. She does likes . Addrtional activity Ask students 10 listen and check their answers. Play the audio for Exercise 4d a second time so that students can listen and repeat.Ask slurlents to do Exercise le. Ask students in their groups to decide what they think would be the perfect pseudonym for peaple who wont 1 do the following iobs.. 5 Speaking skills Ask students 10 discuss the topics in small groups and tllCn report their findings 10 the class.. Then have thorn check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. and it is an area in which it is easy to make errors in form. Do this in groups or as a whole class. Go around the class and help stu dents. Quick grammar guide: The use and form of the simple present and simple post are. II is important to get students to exaggerate the stress when practicing pronunciation.-hich verbs are in the simple post.•.. An swers: Verbs and nouns are stressed. to underline all/he verbs in sentences 1to 6. Final~. auxiliary verbs. Some students may still be translating word for word from their own language. Then ask them to decide which verbs ore in the simple present and .. However.l'e you Ihal nickname? English uses auxiliary verbs for emphasis. students at this level regularly make errors with certain forms that they need to be reminded of. She ~ have. She like . Speakers of some languages tend not to give the strong syllables enough emphasis and give too much stress to weak syllables.. break it down inlo simpler stages.. ask students to match the sentences with the definitions. I mode that sound when I played with my corso A Do you like the nome? Unit] T7 You ond me . 0 Q pop slor Q movies/or a politician a foolball player Q leacher \'-----~ \~'-------~ Do you like the name? What does your fomily call you? A So what does your fomily call you? B They call me "Buzz: A "Buzz?" Why do they call you -Buzz"? B Because when I was a kid. simple past Common prob4ems ond errors Students often forgelthe third person form. of course. 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress Quickpronunciation guide English is a stress-timed language. Students may forget to use do/n'll/doesln'l} and did!n'l! when forming questions and negatives. . review. You could osk them 10 think of a nome in English or their own language. Ask students to work in pairs to mark the stresses in the conversation in Exercise 4c . t ·· a Presentation alternative Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d . Tell students to try saying the sentences to each other in an exaggerated "English" way to help them work out which words might be stressed. are not stressed. Stressed syllables are given much greater weight than weak syllables. Ask them to work individually and then compare their answers with a partner. If you feel thai siudenls may find this matching losk difficult. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class.

1 Oid anything in the article surprise you? If so. I made the change because of my father.) are stressed more than others. I changed it to make it sound more •• "A . A So what do your frien ds and family call you? B My friends here at college always 1 ~ (call) me Richard. b 2 Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton. d a b c d c a single action that is now finished a regular. b Tell the class about anything interesting you discovered. 2 It's much easier for people to remember. Notice how some words in the sentence one possible name. r 3 The Earth moves around the sun once every 365 days.. {fI. but I wouldn't want my friends to call me "Buzz"! . you like (like) the name? B Hmm. e. a 5 In the past.aYU'~ nee. So they called me "Buzz". you think? Ma donna. articles? Why? c Mark the stressed words in this conversation. women found it very difficult to get published.BY. (say) Brooomm.. 1 Well.. A And 6 --. but my family calls me "Buzz". nouns. Pele •• 3 The change means I can get my work published.. 5 Speaking skills a In groups. verbs. (There may be more than a Listen.~ Do you like the name? \1' mencan .c Who said these things? Read the article again and 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress write the pseudonyms... A Weird! And when did they give you your nickname? B When I 5 w as (be) about four.g. but when I was a child I always 4 said (say) Buzz. A "Bt!zz"? Why do they c: ll you "B ~zz"? B Becat se when I was a k!d I made that sound when I played with my c: rs.!l!!.. __ L _ 51 . 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past a Match the sentences with the correct definition. Bob Dylan d DisCllss these questio ns. Pablo Neruda 5 I always admired him so that's why I adopted his name. when children play with cars they nonnally 3 . Brad Pitt. I 7 like (like) it. " . A So what does your family call you? B They call me " Buzz". what? 2 Which names in the article do you like the most? Why? 3 Would you ever change your name? Why? I Why not? o What does your fami ly call you? b Which kind of words are stressed. Then repeat. 1 Artists often change their name. 2 your nickname and how you got it.". repeated action a fact that is always true a present feeling or desire a continuous situation or a repeated action that is now finish ed f a present fact that the speaker wants to emphasize b Complete the conversation with the simple present or simple past.. c (j I feel unhappy about my name. c 4 He changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man. talk about the following: 1 your first name and how you got it. A Do you lit e the n: me? • • • • d Listen and check your answers.. A "Buzz"? Why 2 did they ~ (give) you that nickname? 8 Well. don'. George Eliot 4 Basically..

discuss the results. 5 The analysis of Jane's handwriting suggests her personality is €§>! difficult.. generally speaking... b Now compare your handwriting with other students. <lliE!Jj) 3 Rob treats Jane's comments seriously 1 4 Rob wants to ~I talk to fan e. neutral. baseball and Jane feels 6 Rob watches a lot okay about it I rritated by I . b Look at your partner's handwriting sample from Exercise 2a... Is yours large. I'd hate to be shy because it makes communication very difficult. Complete the "Partner" column.. active attractive boring cold conservative cooperative friendly generous independent 3 Speaking skills a Complete the table on the opposite page for yourself by checking the "Me" column. btll .. is there any truth in graphology? irritating lonely organized proud realistic relaxed romantic serious shy Positive attractive V organized cooperative V realistic friendly . No !I'oy! flll/lJore light. 5mall or average ? 2 Does your handwriting the left? slope to the right or 3 Are your letters ~ or 4 Do your leiters have separate ? ? b !t)(yJ~'~ 5 Does your hJ"1'\! always the sa me Lt"' <.· Lesson 2 Signatures 2 Listening skill s a Write one of your answers from Exercise 1c onto a piece of paper and add your signatlUe. 1 Vocabulary : adjecti ves describing perso na lity a Do you think the adjectives in the box have a positive. for leiters such as a. Unill You and me .. 1 Rob is reading 1< a .Ch" "g r'" C' ..¥I9' C}v~ or is it (in one sentence)? Listen to a couple talking. relaxed t/ Neutral Negative active proud serious boring cold ttl' conservative irritating lonely USEFUL lANGUAGE Are you a shy person? generous V" independent romantic shy b Use the adjectives to describe yourself or someone you know. I'm kind of relaxed because I think !Jfe is too short to worry. n . or negative meaning? Write them in the correct column. but I'm not! I waste a lot of time. e Choose the best answer. According 10 the /{Jble ..hearted.. How do yo u think they are feeling? Listen again. yes. She can talk for hours and that drives me crazy! c Which adjectives would you most like to be and which would you most hate to be? I'd love to be organized. c In pairs. Are the descriptions correct for you and your partner? d In your opinion. \Vel/.. Put a check by the adjectives in Exercise 1a that describe Jane. 2 Jane finds graphology nterestm boring. 1 The average handwriting is 3mm in height.. My cousin Mary is very irritating. c. "--' you tend to be serious... .1: in "' ...

Use questions in English to check students' understanding of these words. Thol means yau're a great person.'-. So whot does thot mean? Jane Hey. oncourage students to make guesses beforo using a diclionary to chock answers they are not sure of. my \. For example. Rob Oh. not in their notebooks. Rob Okay.. ask s tudonts to write the sentence and their signature on Il separate picce of paper. Play tho audio again. ask: Checking meaning Whot is the OPPOSite of boring? Which word is the opposite of outgoing and sociable? (shyl Which word means that you feel alone and friendless? (Ionelyl My class got the best grodes in the exom. Play the aud io for Exercise 2c . showing the prolluncialion and stress. Ask them to write at least two sentences. 3'--------------------------------------------------------. Play the audio again if s tuden ts are not sure abou t some of tho answers. proud. Ans we rs: Rob is feeling mUlO yed becaus e he wants to wat ch the game . modest? Jane And my hondwriting is connected. and then as k a few s tudents to lellthe class whal Ihey wro te. What else? Jane Well. actually il means I'm friendly and attractive. Before doing Exercise 3e. You know. Ask students to work in pa irs to share ideas for ExeN:ise le . and . Jane You're always watching it! Rob Oh. want to talk! Rob I only watch baseball on<e 0 week. Ask students to mark \ho strong stress in cach word. look ot this..YI"iling slopes to the right. Rob. Ask students Do you think v.. Then as k a few s tudents to te ll the class what their partner told thom. look. trs finishing now.. Words thot may need checking ore: boring. and tope it 10 the board to start the doss.. kind of like this. somebody students don'. ask. June is feeling annoyed and upse! Uocauso Rob isn't lis ten ing to he r. Use (] photocopier 10 enlarge the signature. Rob rm watching the game! Jone rm just doing this quiz obout graphology. so students should be able to guess their meaning. Most of these words ore cognates. . Too serious. Rob Friendly. I know.ho is unin teres ted in what Jane is say ing. shy. know to write their signature 00 (] piece 01 paper. you're doing very well. Thon give students the correct answers by read ing tho words aloud clearly. The n ask students to do Exercise 2d . er . 2 Listening skills For ExeN:ise 2a .lIId help studenls with ideas. Go a rou nd the class . don't exaggerate! I only watch ~ once a week.. Jane And you know I've got kind of large hondwriling . Put students in pairs or small grou ps to compare their handwriting and disc uss tho ques tions in Exercise 2b. honey. lonely. They will need to pass their handwriting sample to other students in the class. Put stude nts in pairs to share their ideas. Jane No. hondwrifing and personolity. \1' 3 Speaking ski lls Have st udents do Exercises 3a and3b individually. right. attractive.. How do I feel? (proudl Give s tudents a few minutes to think of things to say for the task in Exercise lb. Rob Yes. Jane If means rm serious ond generous. I knew thol anyway. and then ask students to answer the gist question. Rob Gropho·whot? Jane Graphology. but encourage them to think of more. Rob Well. Ask s tu den ts to do Exercise 2e individually and then check with a partner. Jane You're olways watching baseball when I right? Jane Rob! Well.' Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing personality Reading on informal e·moil present progressive Ustening a conversotion Speaking analyzing and discussing hondwriting Before the lesson. you dor'lll You watch baseball f?'Iery cloy' Rob Jane! You and me T8 Unitl . oren" '/OO? But I want 'A watch this game.mich means rm relaxed and cooperotive.. draw attention to the Usefu l Language box. Really interesting.'e can Iell a 101 about a person from a signature? IMlaI sex is this person? What can you say about hislhet personality? InfTOducethetopic 1 Vocabulary: adjec li ves describing personality For Exercise la . Rob Well.

own. believe. go through the rules in the Language Note. I have blue eyes lalways!. Then check the answers in pairs before going through them with the whole class. progressive Common problems and etTOrs Students translate directly from their first language and use the simple present to refer to the future. Basically. Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 4b in pairs. ti 5 Reading skills Set the scene for Exe rcise 5a by asking students to look at the e·mail and by asking a few simple questions: Who is writing? Who is she writing to? What subject is she writing about? Ask students to check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. hole. repeated action A futuro arrangement 2 3 Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 5b in pairs. verbs of emotion llike. ore useful groupings of slalive verbs. Before students do Exercise 5c. Here. hear. Hero. After checking the answers. Answers: 1 • Answers: 1 Here. Know is a stalive verb. belong. 2 3 4 They are friends. have is a stative verb. She feels tired because she's working so hard. She feels irritated with Jenny because she is "a pain . Ask students if they can think of any other stative verbs (for example." She's seeing Dave Jenkins next Saturday. Verbs of the mind (think" know. Unit 1 T9 You and me .4 Grammar rev iew and extension : present progressive Ask students to do Exercise 4a individually. believe!. ask them why they chose each tense. won~. Students have a problem recognizing and remembering when a verb is active or stative. As students report their answers to the class. wish). love. I am Argentinian (always!. I like French fries (always). She is 100 busy to write at other times. I ¥isiI my friends next Solurday. 4 An irritat ing habit 5 617 A regular. stative verbs tend to express permanency. Hold a feedback session with the whole class for Exercise 5d . Quick grammar guide: present The use of the present progressive in English to refer 10 future arrangements may confuse students. we use present progressive to describe something happening now. and verbs of possession Ihave. so. make sure they understand that a pain is a very annoying persoll. it is a temporary situation.

Answer the questions. . Remem ber Dave Jen kins? 8 I see / Love. Correct the wrong ones. b Read the e-mail again. seein])him next Saturday night ! Write soon. Partner large handwriting small handwriting slopes to the right slopes to the left upright connected regular. " ( writ!"!? '- 4 Grammar review and extension: present progressive a Match these examples of the present progressive with their meanings. I belong to a tennis club . 1 What is the relationsh ip between Maureen and Jane? 2 Why is Jane writing so late al night? 3 How does Jane feel? Why? 4 What is Jane's good news'? Hi Maureen. . I want 1 Mmm . ::=wa y. b There are some mistakes in the senlences below. a do the (l:!!!. It's midn ight and I'm tired but 1 I write I'm writing a you 'nee I'm now beca~. Put a check next to the correct sentences. Choose the correct tense. b This describes a temporary situation or activity. 1 I can 'I go for a walk right now because a This describes a situation thai is developing or I'm studying for an exam. changing. active. I'm belonging to a tennis club.t's1>he only time I have to do an so busy! I have V I'm having a new job 'm workin I work at Faa 0 Go. apartment. Jane You and me Unit] . 3 You're always watching baseball! --_~/'\/ c This describes a definite arrangement that will 4 I'm staying with a friend until I find happen in the future. d Share your stories with the cJflSS. the same irregular.Characteristic 1 2 Example Meaning serious. X I have 5 She's very rich ! She owns three houses and two apartments! V' 6 I'm being tired and am wanting to go on vacation. delicious. life isn't all bad. V' 4 I'm having two brothers and a sister. delicious.i'im:~~ e c Tell your partner about someone you know who is "a pain". creative realistic. 2 The rate of inflation is rising quickly now. a good friend relaxed.. d This describes an irritating habit thai someone has. 2 Are you knowing that strange man across the street? X Do you know 3 I see what you mean. It's only or a ew weeks but it's horrible. He's always interrupting the teacher. friendly shy. disciplined independent cooperative. There's a guy in my closs wha thinks he knows everything. creative. she always complains I'm making the bur fries. X I'm tired. irritable romantic. a fast food place. X 5 Reading skills a Read jane's e-mail to Maureen. relaxed strong. liberal.~h~J. Jenny Carpenter? She' now t. 10 small loops ( / rI~. LANGUAGE NOTE Stative verbs are not normally used in the progressive form because the speaker is describing "states" and not "actions". I'm liking Ihis wine./ X Mmm. I think 4 you're knowing you know her. changes large 3 4 "'"" ~ upright ~ 5 6 7 re9ular ir re filar 8 •• big loops ~ . proud. I like this wine. e This describes an action happening now./ ". conservative warm.. likes money M.). S I'm seeing my parenls n ext weekend . I work like a slave ! There's this girl I work with. generous modes!. but in fact he's always complainin e s suppose I make rench he never doe / she's never doing anything .

:mill. say white coffee. In British English.eo- - 1 Vocabulary: colors a What color terms do you associate with tho items in the box? Make combinations with these words. you caP _ ea- 2 Speaking skills a We often associate words. groon. gray. blue. Why? I think that blue is a calm calor. white.:. If you wanl coffee witho~ milk. rose. death-like) b Think of other adjectives that you associate with these colors. fri endly) 3 yellow (qujet. say Black coffee. dark. aggressive) 6 gray (respectable. 1 blue (radical. e- Unit 1 You and me . black.brown. yellow b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 14. dull) 5 red (loving. red. bappy) 4 green (polluting.blue eyes can be cold.. say Coffee. brown. ~ please. negative) 8 white (pure. with colors. white. especially adjectives. U you want coffoo with . It's a good color fo r bedrooms. I agree that blue is cold . cold) 2 brown (warm. yellow LANGUAGE NOTE - eggs wine coffee meat bread eyes hair people (skin color) eggs . blond. Do you agree or disagree with the descriptions of the colors below? Give reasons. light.. fun) 7 black (unhappy. please (or Coffee with cream). hazel.

Why? Well. no! all cultures see colors in the some way. We also associate the color with high temperatures! It's also the color of love and revolution. As on experiment.. as I said before.Objectives Vocabulary colors and color collocations Topic: colors Writing a paragraph Ustening a lecture Speaking making associations with colors Ask a few personalized questions 1 sellhe topic for the lesson: Whars your favorite color? Why? Are there 0 Introduce the topic any colors you don't/ike? What colors do you generally wear? What color is your bedroom? 1 Vocabulary: colors Direct students' attention to lho Language Note before asking them to do Exercise 1 a in pairs. I'm going 1 talk oboul two different colors.the king of colors! We associate it with strong emotians such as anger and passion. It's the color of death.. Brie ny elicit answers from the class. tel's begin with color number one.-- - . lers start. whal do I mean when I soy that color is not an international concept? The color red is the some for a person from Thailand and a person from Venezuela. In such situations. Now for the second color. In most Western cultures. such as dealh and wor? So. Then ask stu dents to work in pairs to do the tasks in Exercises 28 and 2b .----. can be very. Bul before t begin.. For Exercise 3 on page 11 :::. In our cuUure. very different In the second port of this lecture. this color means sadness. and that we often refer to the planet Mars with this color. only darkness.. we feel there is no light. Okay. "'--- . In most cultures. II is no accident that "The God of War"" is named Mars. I will look at how color is interpreted In different ways by different cultures. we use it to talk about unhappy feelings and unhappy situations. Now bock to my lillie experiment. Irs no accident that many fast food restaurants are often painted in Ihis color. and irs no surpl"ise that at a funeral most people wear this color. Can you guess the two colors I wos talking about? You and me T 10 Unill . Irs also the color 01 wor. Bul as you will see taler in this talk. 2 Speaking skills Discuss the first color (blue) as a class to get students started. Irs the color 01 fire and it gives heal. this is probably the strongest color of all . this color rePfesents alilhot is dork and negotive in our world. Okay. In the first part of this lalk. I wont 10 ploy a lillie game with you. you see. the association .. But what Ihat color means . we all shore the some associations. And within one culture. we'liloak at the role of colors in our life. Now.-. Welcome to the first lecture on ·CoIors and Culture: We're going to explore the ossocia1ions thot colors have in our culture today. the idea is tha t you eat fa st and go. Noto: hazel is a light brown. and it gives us energy. t just wont to say that color is not on internolioool concept. And what do you calithatlype of humor that laughs at terrible things in life. •• Mako sure students find the corroct section of the Vocabulary Summary on page 14 for Exercise lb. we associate this calor with powerful emotions like anger.. Colors affect our lives and our feelings in many wafS. irs the color of evil. slightly green color. butI'm not 0 going to menlioo the names ollhe colors! See if you can guesS !he IWo colors I'm lalking about.

irs a happy color. \'.. it is associated with rebirth. While is now also becoming common 01 weddings. As students take notes in Exercise 4b. in some cultures... For Exercise 4d distribute the paragraphs randomly so that each student has a piece of writing that be longs to another student . After students hove wrinen their texts. You cou ld guess from the colors' associations. The texts can then be returned to their writers. Allow students to hear the audio only once to answer the gist question in Exercise 3b. white also has associations with being born again . Once you have discussed the answers with the class. lers turn to the ideo that different cultures interpret colors in different ways. o T 4 Writing skills Before doing Exercise 4a .like. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Answers: The speaker talks about red and black. Encourage them to practice using English to talk about their own culture.. But be<.which originated from the sadness of the slaves in the southern Stotes. helping students with ideas and vocabulary. Unill T 11 You and me .-. Lers toke another example: blue in the United States is associated with sadness .. For Exercise l e. blue hos a complele1y different meaning. for example. but in contrast in Japan you con see people wearing white. and they ore stunningly beautiful. Students cou ld compare their notes with lhose of a partner before doing Exercise 4c. A 'white wedding' is on interesting example of how one culture will be inftuenced by another culture and "barrow" or adopt a new custom. for the Japanese. Okay. And that purity is symbolized in a bride when she wears white in a "white wedding: We might also soy thot her cheroder is -whiter than white" or "as white as snow: Now thors in the United States.'--. and we even hove a type of music coiled "the blues" . Start rhe next lesson by handing OUIthe texts at random and asking students to read and guess rhe writer.-----. a lot of the hooses are pointed in while and blue..ouse life and death are connected. however. but this is nattradilional.tIite usually means something pure and cleon. white represents deoth. blue is associated with peace and tranquility. In Greece. go around the class. of lhe blue Mediterranean $eo and the bright blue skies.. 3 Listening skills Encourage lots of speculation in Exercise 3a as students try to predict the content of the lecture from the litle. So in most cultures in the U.. collect them and correct them. In the States. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. You con understand this .think. On lhe Greek.. check students understand thai fiery refors to colors associated with fire and that JlOvy blue is a dark blue color traditionally used in sailors' uniforms. you may need to play the audio twice before students get all the answers.we talk about feeling blue when we feel sod or depressed. let me give you on example -the color white. so. but when you go to Japan you realize Ihat white hos completely different associations .S" you'll see peaple dressed in block at funerals. . -oltemattve The oudioscript for Track 4 is on page no II. islonds. let them listen again.

Wh ich two colors does the speaker talk about? How did you guess? Look at th e notes a studen t made on Part 2 of "Colors and Culture". Would you be attracted to this person? Why? I Why not? b Make notes on these questions.S. 2 Ilu!an 3 U·S. 4 G>eec£ 5 PIICb': 6 deat h 7 sadness 8 peace.dings whiter than white 11 funera ls feelin~ blue = sa or 13 m USiC 10 I<ha [ a!O!!.3 Listening skills o a You are going to listen to part of a lecture on "Colors and Culture". happiness /mdes. 1 What do blue and white mean in your country? 2 What do you personally associate with these colors? 3 Do you have any expressions in you r langu age related to these colors'? What are they? Can you think of expressions related to other colors? 4 What other colors have sp ecial mean ings in your country? Are there expressions related to these colors? '- 4 Writing skills a Read this short text. What do you thi nk the speaker will talk about? b Listen to Part 1 of the lecture. Read out th e paper your teacher gives to you. 1 How imp ortant is the color of clothes to you? 2 What colors do you tend to wear and why? 3 What colors in clothes. if any.l[ 12 dep ressed the flues called hOllses painted blue & w hite 14 "--- d Discuss these ques tions. d Give your paper to the teacher. don't you like and wh y? 4 Do the colors of your clothes represent your personality? Why? / Why n ot? c Use your notes to write a short paragraph like the one in Exercise 4a. Listen and complete them. \1' c r--1 'Wbit~ U. 9 wfui:e -wed. Can the other students guess who the writer is? Youond me Unit l . tranquill ity.

and the clothes a Listen to a tour guide talking to visitors in an art gallery. o 5 Compare 3 Prepare In pairs.. Listen to the other pairs and note down any differences that you didn't find... I like it because of the In the foreground/backgroun d you can see. ~ b Read the sentences below and complete them with some of the words from the box... J It shows . 1 [ think it's German.) 2 Task In groups. Types of painting b Discuss these ques tions. quickly find as many differences as you can between the two paintings above and write them down. An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painting (by .. . .. 1 Do you have a favorite artist? Who is it? What type of work does/did the person do? 2 Do you have a favorite painting? Talk about it. In the foregroundlllacksround you can see .. Use tbese categories: The people and the place The activities The feelings. ) An abstract work A self-portrait (of.. the city the country fashion landscapes passion portraits scheme seascapes theme the lown 4 Feedback Report the differences you found to the class.1 Warm up a In pairs. II shows . the colors. . write a short description comparing and contrasting the two paintings. Phrases describing paintings U's a picture oflwo . put the words and phrases into the appropriate category in the tahle. I think irs Gennan .. A water color An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painling (by . She's wearing . A water color It's a picture of two She's wearing .. . 1 Renoir painted portraits and landscapes 2 The two paintings show dancers in the city and in the country . How many of your points does the speaker mention? Make a note of the points you missed.... An abstract work A self· portrait (of .... Then listen to the tour guide again and check your answers.. 3 Both paintings have a similar theme 4 Red is the color of love and passion Unitl You and me . I like it because of Lhe .

The woman in the second painting is wearing a beautiful dress and white gloves . helping with vocabulary and language use. In both paintings. a few to tell the class which painting they liked and why. The man looks passionate and in love with the woman. Give a short time limit. they are outside. the man is wearing a black suit and the woman is wearing a light dress. 3 Prepare Go around the class. 4 Feedback Ask a few pairs to stand up and tell the class what differences they found. and the clothes The woman in the first painting seems happy. Then put students in small groups to extend the lists. simple post. 2 Task Get students started by eliciting two or three differences from the class and writing them on the board. self-portrait (a painting of the artist by the artist). and decide on their favorite. the woman is wearing a red hat and gloves . Ask students to complete the sentences in Exer cise s b before playing the audjo again so that they can check their answers. Let students compare their notes in pairs before discussing as a class. In the first painting. as students write their descriptions. cui from magazines. In the first painting. The feelings. present progressive a comparative description Speaking comparing and contrasting paintings Bring in pictures of famous paintings.Objectives Grammar Topic: art Reading comparing a written and spoken text Writing Ustening a tour guide simple present. you can see plants in the background. look 01 the paintings.she is probably richer and more sophisticated than the woman in the first picture. and landscape (a painting of a scene in the country). Introducelhe Iopk 1 Warm up Ask students to do Exercise 1a in pairs. Once students are seated.she's holding a fan. the colors.perhaps a ballroom. Put them on the classroom walls at the start of the lesson. whereas in the second painting they are in a very grand building . check that they have understood portrait (a painting of a person). The oudioscript for Track 6 is on page Tl3 '!II You and me T 12 Unitl . Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise I b as a brief open class activity. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 5a. Model answer: The people and the place I the activities Both paintings show a man and woman dancing. When students report back to the class. say four minutes. Ask students to walk around the class. ask. Encourage the rest of the class to take brief notes as they listen . Ask students to listen and note the points the speaker mentions. The woman in the second painting seems cold and uninterested. In both paintings.

For Exercise G ask students to work in pairs. Culture note The pointing in lhe righl-hond margin of Ihis page is Picadilly Orcus by laurence Stephen lowry (1887-19761. Afterwords.. we notice is lhe mon in the first pidure. uh .. we can see tha t the colors are generally more somber. Divide the closs into groups of four.. uh . uh .this one. uh. Dance in the City. help them identify where the lexts are from and that Text B is a transcript of an oral texl. II could be a famous painting or a completety imaginary one. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. encourage students ilOilO look al their written descriptions as Ihey speak. and the second one is called Donee in the Cityand . Additional activity Imaginary art gallery. you could refer to them again for Exercise 7a.. uh . um . As you know.... in love with lhe man. . Ask students to close their eyes and imagine one of the paintings they can see. So.. Ask students to work in pairs or small groups. so .. Have them choose a painti ng and make notes to describe it. and he is standing very close to lhe young lady.•• 6 Notice Be fore asking students to do Exercise 6a.. uh ... right? In Donce in the City. The 6rst !hing. Tourist 2 Sorry. b Suggested answers: Okay. look at Dance in the Countryogoin and nolice the colors. He was. You can see Ihe first one's smiling and seems really happy. He has a beard. now here we see IWO of Renoir's besl·known paintings: the first one Is called Donee in the Counlry... He painted all kinds of pictures. butlhere ore some . but the other one seems kind of bored so we . the first thing we nolice is the woman's red bonne!. To make the presentations in Exercise 7b more natural. Now. leI's begin by looking at the people.. surrounded by painlings. Remind students to usc the headings from exorcise 3 011 pago 12.. . Renoir was 0 French Impressionist . Guide Yes? Tourist 2 Well. can I just ask you a question? There's something I don'l understand here . Co around lhe class and help. okay.. you see there? Oh yes. Okay. Okay. Tourist l in love? Sorry to interrupt. of . so tho! shows us .. uh. if we turn 1 the 0 second picture. we can'! really see fhe man's foce at 011. kind of . in Donce in the City. a famous British painter who specialized in crowded urban scenes.. Notice that in bo!h pictures we hove a young couple dancing. we . get the feeling that the firsl woman is crazy about him ". Okay. For Exerc ise Sa on page 12 1't Tour guide Now. and Renoir often uses the color red in this way... now.. he mostly pointed por1raits and landscapes.. and she's wearing a long dress with a pattern of red flowers... particularly Renoir's use of red. but how do we know she's in love? Guide How do we know she's in love? Well.one of the best. . now look carefully ollhis girl and compare her to Ihe girl in the other picture.. Tell each group lho! they are in the middle of on art gallery. uh. Iheme: young couples dancing. passion. Unill T1 3 Yovondme .. Dance in IheCounlry we can see his foce. Also cIlcollrllge Ihem to usc tho phrases they identified in Exercise 6b. you said thaI Renoir . os mony of you will know. Ask students to open Their eyes and toke turns describing lheir painting. uh . but there's also red in her fan. now So Kind of this one okay? Exercise 6c can be conducted as an open class discussion . uh . red is Ihe color of love.... find ouf which students in each group really broughl their paintings to life. as you can see they both have a similar ". but. •• 7 Follow up If you brought in painti ngs to start the lesson. interesting differences. Tell students 10 think carefully about how Ihey are going to describe the painting to other people.

we . One of the greatest French impressionists... Okay. both feature a young couple dancing. but. uh. 19 19.. there are several interesting differences between the paintings. theme: young couples dancing. Dance in the Country and Dance in the City. as you can see they both have a similar.. Don't just read out the written description . He painted all kinds of pictures. Tour guide Now as many of you will know. uh .ing at the people. The first thing. Dance in the Country . . F rance.we can see his face. Notice that in both pictures we have a young coup~ dancing but there are some .. but he mostly painted portraits and landscapes. but the other one seems kind of bored so we. Okay. we can't really see the man's face at all.. Renoir primarily painted portraits and landscapes.. In the former. now... okay? In Dance in the City. uh . make notes on it then write a short description of it. so ... whereas the young woman in Dance in the City appears somewhat uninterested. The assumption is that the first woman is in love with her partner whereas b What expressions are typical of the spoken text? okay. Together.. in love with the man. now. one can see a bearded man dancing very close to a smiling young woman. c Give examples of similar expressions in your own language. we notice is the man in the first picture -this one. let's begin by IooI<. two of Renoir's most famous paintings. choose one of the paintings on this page (or one your teacher gives you). kind of .. um . now look carefully at this girl and compare her to the girl in the other picture. he has a beard and he is standing very close to the young lady.. Make a list of differences between the two texts. Renoir was a French Impressionist . Okay. uh . uh. 7 Follow up a In pairs or small groups. uh .. .. uh.one of the best. Despite similarities in theme. interesting differences. He was.... in Dance in the City... 1841. died Cagnes. You can see the first one's smiling and seems really happy.. Renoir. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. This young woman appears extremely happy..6 Notice a Compare the written and spoken texts about the artist. . now here we see two of Renoir's best -known paintings: the first one is called Dance in the Country and the second one is called Dance in the City and . Auguste Renoir: born Umoges. uh .. uh . b Present your description of the painting to the class. get the feeing that the first woman is crazy about him . Okay.remember that spoken English is different from written English! You and me Unit 1 .

b c d e The soo riSes in the east and sets in the west.en) brown. weather's good . blond.live """" romantic cooservative quiet radical dul sad rod cooperative sboog modest attractive """" bomg irritable ~"" Negative: We didn 't m eet until pretty /ate In the evening. dark (chid<. 1 "Vv'hat are you majoring in?" "I'm majoring in history: V V 2 These tomato plants are growing very quickly if the weather's good. dark. dark . Question: Does she work hard? Do they work through lunch? V 5 "How's Kevin's leg?" "OIl. a situation that is developing or changing: Susan is losing a lot of weight.". tired. '00. black (German dark rye bread) an action happening now: I'm reading about grammar. Her two friends work there.I hate itl 2 Review and extension of simple past Use Vocabulary Summary 1 Adjectives: personality Posffive • a single action in the past that is now finished: We went to a bar last night.. emphaSizing a fact/feeling: He does live'here.. but he can't walk yet. add -ed: look With verbs ending in -e. rose black. I work as an engineer. """ '''''''' """""""" urI1appy happy Question: Did you meet them at the restaurant? Emphatic: I did call you! Note the spelling rules for regular past forms: With most verbs. white. blue. white. Neutral realistic ~ined Negative irritating """""" -. hazel. They don't worle /ate very often. double the consonant: plan -+ planned. gray.".nite. buy -+ bought. • a continuous situation or repeated action that is now firished: People lived in poverty in those days. remove -y and add -ied: study -+ studied.flite. Affirmative: She w orks in a bank. She's studying French art and architecture.we're having a fami ly dinner. • a definite anangeo"Ie(ll for the future: We're leaving at six tomorrow morning and meeting the others at the airport. gray. These tomato plants grow very quickly if the Fo. probably because her mother is getting sicker and she's worried. black. regular actions: I often go to the movies. They often diedyoung. sad) black. · it's getting botter 6 I'm never telling people my nickname -I hate it! I never tell Emphatic: We do wa nt you to s tay longer .. I'm surell do love you! QuestiOn: Are you reading anything good? Is the use o r the te n ses in these sente nces c orrect? Put a c heck by th e correct senten ces and correct th e wrong o nes.Ie -+ maved Cho o se three adjectives that describe each of thes e people: yoo With verbs ending in consonant + -y. it gets better. carry -+ carried With one-sylLable verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant. I usuaRy watch comedies. red (sleepy. Vllhat are you doing? a temporary situation or actMty: My sister is living in France right now. red. 4 Our neighbors are always playing loud music late at night and it really annoys me. yellow. tell -+ told. white. light.. Negative: She doesn't work on the weekend. add -d: like organized "'m respectable -+ looked. Affkmative: We m e t friends and had pizza last night. green.JAC:. fT'IO. 3 I can't see you ton ight . eat -+ ate.. lighVdarI< hair people (s kin c olor) Unit 1 You and me . brown reel. Jeff is always turning up late these clays. permanent situations and states: lINe in BtaziI. phi your best friend your mother or lather -+ 3 Review and extension of the present progressive coffee m eat b read eyes Use • • • pro"ad A lot 01 verbs have an irregul<v past form. people my nickname .it's just th81 we won't be here. v. Fo. feelings and desires at the IJ(esent tine: I want a break.. brown.0 • emphasizing a fact/feeing: You did say you'd moot me at eight.E RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of simple present Use a facts. Negative: We aren 't reading vet)' much right now. things that are true: • an irritating habit that someone has: You're &Ways interrupting me. """" act"" ""'" """""""" "" w""' """. not nine! Fo. brown (tan from the sun).. white (British English onty) reel. I feel tired. Affirmative: I'm reading a really interesting book right now. drink -+ 2 Collocations with colors eggs wine wtYte.". brown. rootioe. which you need 10 learn: go -+ went. stay -+ stayed -+ liked.

b Discuss your answers. 2 I see a word or phrase that I can'. two ". J felt very embarrassed e Use the dictionary entries to complete the table below with information about the words in the box. know. You do not have any debt 2 You can ask me till you are blue in the face but I won't do it! There is no use trying to persuade me 3 He's too green to do that job. verb Blue: noun Green: noun Red: nOUD 2 Which two eolors can describe an unhappy feeling? Bl ack. Number of syllables 4: in·de-pend·ent Main stress in·de-pend. Note: You will need to show your list to a classmate at the end of Unit 2.py • mdl'penckln[ Idscn(<l)ldsl In'spe k [~bll • 3: ro-man-tic 3: dis-ci-plined 3: un-hap-py • kou'mrenuk/ Idlsaphnd/ IAn'hrepJ / romantic disciplined unhappy • independent generous respectable f Words often collocate with other words. 1 Do you own a dictionary in your language? If yes. figure out. You and me Unit l .£'1m1e 'm?Yd. Make a list of some more useful things that you learn about the information an English·English dictionary can give you. and three ••• categories mean? b Use the dk:tionary entries on page 154 and 155 to answer the following questions. 3 I see a word or phrase that is important to understanding a text. d Now klok at the dictionary extracts on page 154. For example the adjective strong can collocate to produce a strong leader or a strong drink but not a strong enemy.I. 1 Can any of the "color adjectives" be nouns or verbs? If so. Jt can.)(. te1L }fJU. discuss these questions. would you buy one? Why? I Why not? 2 Information a dictionary can give you a Would you use a dictionary in these situations? Write . bl ue c How many meanings do the adjectives black and green have in the dictionary entries? 7 d What do you think the f(jlowing phrases ~n Italic) mean? Check your ideas in the dictionary entries. He has no experien ce 4 When I got the answer wrong I turned red with embarrassment. make a list of the different pieces of information an English-English dictionary can give you. when do you use it? 3 Have you ever used an English-English dictionary? If you don't have one. In pairs.Using a dictionary 1 Dictionaries you have used In small groups. 1 We're still in the black thanks to my new job. 4 I see a word or phrase that I am curious about.ent Pronunc iation 3: gen ·er-ous 4 : re-spec·ta·ble 8en-er -011s re-spec·ta-bJe ro-m -an-tic dis-ci-plined uD-hap. c A dictionary is full of information about words and phrases. or ? I would use a dictionary every lime: 1 I see a word or phrase that I don'. Which of the words in the box apart from leader and drink can strong also collocate with? ACTION PlAN [> 8 leader drink discussion marriage swimmer film Strong swimmer Strong marriage Your action plan: using our dictionary Tum to page 152 and . which ones? Bl ack: noun. when do you use it? 2 Do you have a bilingual dictionary? If yes. 53 at the back of your book and look at the section on how to use your dictionary. can you add anything more to the list you made in Exercise 2c? 3 USing a dictionary a Why do you think some of the words are in red? What do the one'.00 is cou:nf4l:1e or U:'1u:ounMile. Jt can telL 'if!I! dJf/eYe:nl ?'Itet1m11fjS of the .If a )1.

a job in a local theater. simple past 5 Although Hayek was used to considerable success .. used to For situalions and actions that are now finished. Unil2 Fame and fonune . Student B: Look at page 151. simple past 2 .. 1 Who is the person? Z What do you know about her background? 3 Can you name any of her movies? 4 Have you seen any of her movies? If so. 1 Her parents sent her to a private Catholic school in Louisiana.. be used to a Look at the examples below. she used to misbehave constant! y . d In pairs. Info rmat ion 1 2 Grammar review and extension : simple past. 1966 University 2 3 Teresa L. in fact... or repealed actions in the Why is it important? Salma Hayek was horn. be used to Frida huge success in U. Student A: Look at page 150. I'm used to gelling up early in the morning.1 Reading skills a Look at the pictures of this famous person.. situations. which didn't pay much . used to. International Rela tions September 2nd. I like if. was used to + noun For habits.. e Now complete this chart with your partner. simple past To express that we wnw accustomed to something in the past. used to + verb. or was used to + noun/-ing verb. My Crazy Life popular TV soap career in Hollywood first hig break • 5 6 pasl Ihal are nol true or that don't happen now. used to + verb 3 Hayek wasn't used to going against her parents' wishes .. discuss these questions. Then write the correct form by the rules: simple past.... Answer the questions. what did you think of them? b You are going to read an article about this person. was used to + ing verb 4 . De LANGUAGE NOTE + used to + noun/-ing verb can be used in the present or the past: 1 2 3 4 What is your favorite movie? Who starred in it? What was it about? How successful was the film commercially? She wasn 'f used to going against her pareIlt~· · wishes..S.A .

l6r lennis. usedis on adjective and 1 is a preposition. in pairs. Before starling Exercise l b. and ask them 10 interview a partner. Make sure students only read the text and complete the graph that is on "their" page. place. Check with the class which form is being used in each exam ple. a place. and it means be occuslomed 1 The confusion arises from the 0 0. Draw st udents' attention to the Language Nole and ask them to think of some examples of their own. tell each student clearly whether they are student A or student B. In the form be used to + ing. You may wish to check students understand them: kicked oul of school = expelled from school dropped oul of school = /eft school before completing studies gol a big break •• Vocabulary extension =hod a greal opportunity Ihe film bombed = the film was very unsuccessful.Objectives Grammar Topic: biographies of famous people Reading a biography Writing Speaking simple pasl. without showing Mch other their graphs. and person/thing in his or her life. If there are no identical forms in the students' own language. Common problems and errors t . Otld person/thing ore important to you. similarity of the forms. The form used to + infinitive talks about post slales and habits thaI are no longer Irue. place. they tend to ovoid using these forms. learners sometimes think thal lhey are expressing a post habit when they use a simple post form of a verb in English. the dole you become a teacher. Then ask students 10 match the forms to the rules. The texis on page 150 ond 151 contain a number of very colloquial expressions. Encourage students 10 share any information they know. have a briof class discussion. If a post imperfect tense in the students' own language expresses the some meaning as used to. elici t feedback from the whole class. 2 Grammar review and extension: simple past. They tJS98 . bull never ploy on Sunday. 0 be used to doing a mini autobiography speaking from graphic information Write on the board a dole. Tell pairs to complete Exerciselc together. lor example. be used to Have students foad the exam ples in Exercise 2a. Then have each student write down on important dole. Tell the closs 10 osk you questions 10 find oul why the dole. Fameondfortune T1 6 Unil2 .. used 1 do. I tJSe Ie :eJe)' baseball on Saturday. and a pefSOfl/lhing thaI is important in your life. but don'. Students think the form used /0 + infinitive can be used in a present form and confuse it with usually. After students have discussed the questions in Exercise ld . tell them anything extra at this stage. the town you were born. used to. ~ Quick grammar guide: used 10 Students often forget to use 10. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Aflor students hAve discussed the questions in Exercise 1a briefly in pairs. the name of your dog.

Then ask them to work individually. ask stvdents to research and write the biography of their favorite movie or sports star. model the speaking task by asking a capable student to talk about his or her life. ask them to exchange the ir autobiography with a partner fo r Exercise 4b.talkln Help students generate ideas by writing the following prompts on the board at the start of the activity: Bom etIterncIIWe 510rled school Moved house/ fawn Left school Mel Possed_ Woo__ When students are ready. ask students to share with the class the false info rmation in each au tobiography. Tell the class about a ile or two good or bad things from your life. tl 3 Speaking skills Model the activity in Exercise 3a by d rawing a graph. (Some phrases can only be used with simple past because they refer to one fi nished time in th e past. Discuss the qucslion in Exercise 2c with the whole class and ask them fo r the reason why this is so. and moni tor to make sure thoy are applying the rule correctly. helping with ideas and vocabulary. Encourage students to do this during th e activity.) Have students work in pai rs for Exercises 2d and 2e . Prase . Have students complete Exercise 2g ind ividually. Before putting students in pairs fo r Exercise 3b. Unil2 T 17 Fame and fortvne . Demonstrate how to interrupt with questions. Then ask them to check with a partner before discussing tho answers with the whole dass. AcIdttIonaI octivity For homework. 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow the steps in Exercise 4a to write a 50· word autobiography. Finally. on the board and briefly drawi ng your "li fe " a ll it (see pages 150-1 51 for examples). Go around the class as they write. Answers will vary with students' background knowledge. rather than just taking turns to give informa tion. Elicit additional questions from the class until you feel students understand their task. Then have students draw their own timelines and label them with key events. or limeli ne. Use Exercise zf as a lead-in to the text by asking the whole class the questions.Do the fi rst express ion in Exercise zb as an example to got students started.

. I visited my grandparents ___ _ _ __ e Choose the correct verb form in each sentence. He 9 won a second winner's medal in 1962 and a third in 1970. because I wasn't used to the cold or speaking French. soccer player Most people believe Pele 1 was the most successful player in the history of soccer. as on pages 150 when I lived in Canada both last winter simple past and 151.. But his feet didn't hurt when he played . 3 W en we lived in New York. ~ I was used to walk to school. and with used to. He 10 spent most of his career at Santos (1956-74) and then with the New York Cosmos (1975-7).b We can use a number of time words with the 3 Speaking skills simple past. 3 Write your autobiography in about 50 words. Follow these steps: 1 Make brief notes for your autobiography. and at 17 he 7 played/competed for Brazil in the 1958 World Cup Final.c . and in Brazil he is a national hero. using the graph to help you. 2 Include one thing about yourself that is not true. He 11 played/competed in 1. -- . at Christmas time both when I was a child both Student B: Interrupt A to ask questions with did. or be + used to.he 4 pIayedlused to play barefoot! To make money..281 goals. Use the simple past. It was difficult at first . 4 I couldn't understand the S ish here at first. B Where did you live after that? A We moved to Quebec.Pew (popular name of Edson Arantes do Nascimento) Born 1940. In groups. in 2002 simple past at midnight both b In pairs.-en~to the movies. Interrupt yesterday simple past last night simple past your partner to ask questions. In 1980 the sports wond 12 voted him "athlete of the century".. etc.i often used to visit my grandparents.. because I didn't use to I asn't used to hearing that dialect. expressions can go with both? Make notes and draw a graph. Which ones? 1 When I was a child. Pele 6 made his intemational debut when he was 16. where. used to. 6 Did you use to 4Il. discuss these questions...363 first-class games (1955-1977) and scored 1. . compete be (x2) be born make vote play (x2) score shine spend win . He 2 was born in Tres Coracoes. His family 3 were very poor and when he was a boy. Pele couldn't afford soccer shoes. Can you find the information that is not true? g Complete the text below with the verbs in the box.d y09 my some beer this morning? f Look at the picture on the right. b Read your partner's autobiography. at nine o'clock both this morning simple past why. He 8 scored two goals in the 5-2 win over Sweden. 5 My grandparents~used to JIEPin an apartment near the beaCh.. we often € : D sed to to the theater. 1 Do you know who this is? 2 What do you know about him? 4 Writing skills a You are going to write a mini-autobiography. three days ago simple past on my last birthday simple past Student A: Talk about your life. in Brazil. show each other your graphs. of your ups and downs. In two sentences both forms are correct. when. phrases as possible. c Which go only with the simple past? d Complete the sentences with as many time A I used to live in Texas. he 5 shinedlused to shine other people's shoes. Which of the a Think about the ups and downs in your life. 4 Give your autobiography to a partner. 2 Last night we used to go {.

ghry Anyone who keeps learrung stays young.. ld hether at H enry 0 . c the advice below given by four mil lionaires and answer these questions.. ecause you'll Ice to peopl ' meet them e on yOUr on the waydo.. another tells of wher Italian terrorists kidnapped his grandsori-" and he refused to pay the ransom money! Eventualiy. .. you don't have a billion dollars. .." The greatest thing in life is to keep your nund young.. he was worth over a billion dollars. .lOu h ·. 1 What does he say about being a billionaire? 2 In what ways was Getty "stingy"? A Stingy Billionaire '---' John Paul Getty (18921976). e renOwned U S way up b of hiS bOOks.. ships) Fome ond fortune ..-.. ed fj day and . J..money. . "I haVt=-'" no problem with being wealthy. installed a pay-telephone for guests in his English mansion. for tIll'S. au ShoUld' e said Y It' ev . aVe to chi Or rhe "}j nJghr .Having a fortune 1 Reading skills a WouJ d you like to be a millionaire? Why? I Why not? b Read the magazine article about th multi-milli?naire. "If you can count your-. In fact. . In YOUr SIeep. Paul Getty. ." people needed. 1 Which one most refl ects the secret of Getty's success? 2 Which advice did Getty ignore? 3 In your opinion.. . screenwriter." Gett) ' always counted his millions very carefully.g. He top "'1' and ajTh Starred . the only son of the world 's wealthiest businessman." n f Unil2 Onassis ch eighree 8 magnate ~ e Greek .. .. "I I' believe in the dignity of labor.. "Be n' '. I produced think. Anyone who stOPS learOlng 1S 0. GLOSSARY magnate weallhy and powerful person welder person who makes metal jOints le. .w . However. money to pay for the child's freedom. said. ""The famous billionaire always said hi~ wealth was the result of hard work. he was well known. part payments made regularly over a penod or lime John D. . twenty or el .. One • story has it that h \. whether with head or hand. Jr. Rockefeller.. believed. n dream abOut shiPPin --Aristotle F rd founder of the Ford Motor Company. refusal to spend money ransom money money demanded by kidnappers to release their prisoner insta ~lm e nts..: rea~ GLOSSARY stingy doesn't like spending money miserliness being stingy. for his miserliness.." Wilson M' 'zner. which is the best advice? N~"."When Getty died.. the money had to be paid bac in installments. th wrote in one '.. one of the richest"'--" people in history.. he agreed to lend his son th. n hOur 'orked maintain h' s a day to s as a welde/ fortune. said.. an: answer these questions. h nk Inane . I worked hard for my money.. .

Answers: 1 Onassis's advice reflects the secret of Getty's success. F ame and fortune T 18 Unit 2 . The love of money is the roof of off evil. Write the following two words from the text at the top of the board: stingy and wealthy. Review the pronunciation and definition of the words. b illionaires are so rich t. Before asking students to read the article in Exercise lb. Then write the following words at random on the board: mean rich well-off miserly prosperous fight-fisted t . In other words. Ask students whether they agree with ony of the sayings. Money con't buy me love. Answers: 1 Gelly said if you could count your millions. check they understand the questions and draw their attention 10 the Glossary. as needed . Check answers to questions 1 and 2 and hold a class vote on question 3.hat it is impossible to count how much money they have. 2 He installed a pay phone for guests. Why? Why not? Ask students how imponont money is in their lives. 2 Getty ignored Mizner's advice. ~ Vocabulary extension Ask students in pairs to put the synonyms in the corred categories. Draw students' attenti on to Ihe quotes and the Glossary in the lower half of the page. he refused to pay the ransom for his grandson.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: money Reading a profile of a famous person Ustening interviews money: noun-verb collocations Write one or two of the following well-known sayings on the board: Money makes the world go oround. instead he lent the ransom money to his son. Encourage students to explain their answers . Ask them to complete Exercise lc in pairs. who had to pay it back. under stingy or wealthy.. you weren't a billionaire. Introduce !he topic 1 Reading skills Discuss the question in Exercise la as a class.

. really. the picture appears to be that a 101 of people lend not 10 change their lives very much after a huge win. did you know that The Notional Lolferyin the United Kingdom has sent out questionnaires to all the people who have won a million pounds . and about three percent only decided to send their kids to private schools. we also asked about work. In our survey. Janet The other interesting point is that the majority of the people who answered Ihe questionnaire gave money to members of their family.so to find out if money makes people happier? Janet Exactly. we did. whose market research company conducted the most r8(ent survey. check pronunciation of cam and lose and that students can use the words correctly. and the 4% who said that they were separated or divorced were probobly going to get divorced anyway' Now. Only 15% of the winners quit their job for a new one . Have students change partners before doing Exercises 2e and 2f. only 17% of respondents didn't! Bob Mmm. Janet Well. ti Presentation alternative 3 Li stening skills Read the situation in Exercise 3a as a class. Check pronunciation of waste and receipt. So. Bul you'd think lt1at people would wont to spend lime doing other things. or soiling. irs very encouraging. Actually. You might ask. enjoying themselves.. make sure they understand tha t win has a different meaning to earn. kept the some job. etc. 55%. o o - 7'~--------------------------------------------Bob Now. and they're very interesting. Bob So 15% of people actually went out and found a new job al1hough they didn't need lo? Janet Thars right. Almost half the winners. winning a lot of money mode no difference to peaple's love lives: 95% of married couples stayed married' Bob 95%' Thars a huge percentage. you know the old saying thaI money can'l buy love? Well. We assume that those people were able 10 leave well. Bob Yes. five min utes). In Exercise 2b. So. Did you ask them aboullove? Janet love. So that's quite surprising. and the firsl is happiness. make money from working. Well.or more in the lost five years? They wont to find out if the win changed these people's lives. and only 16% of the winners took up an expensive new hobby like golf. My salory is the amount of money I earn in my job. even though they hod become rich. Janet Yes. Bob Mmm. how has winning a fortune affected the lives of those tucky people? Janet Good morning. Bob It mode no difference to 42% of people .paid jobs and move inlo something less welt paid but that they really wanted to do. Bob I suppose it"s a perfect opportunity for people to improve their children's education? Janet Indeed. Draw students' attention to the Language Note at the bottom of the page. though they hod no need 10 work anymore. you said.2 Vocabulary: money After students have done Exercise 2a in pairs. \n locI. and that you lend to and borrow from . ask whether they were "typical" of lottery millionaires in each category. Set a time limit for Exercise 2c (for example. Have the whole class check in Exercise 2d. And that isn'l always the case. rum money from your job. Yes. Hoving money means you can offord to make choices. thars 48%. yel only a tenth of those questioned switched to private doctors. "Whars the poinl of winning so much money if it doesn·t change your life?"" Unit2 T 19 Fame and fortune . and see which pair can produce the greatest number of combinations. Janet. and a massive 42% felt it had mode no difference. pay for something when you hand over money for it. and major choices are health ond education. yes. as you know. said the win hod made them happier and just two per cent said it mode them less happy. just over half of all the people.thars amazing! Janet It is. Bob. Bob Two percent.thars nearly two million dollars . we've just had the results from Ihe lolest survey. Set the scene by asking students a few questions: How would you (eactto winning a million dollars in the fot/ery? What would you spend the money on? How do you think it would change your life? After students have listened to the audio in Exercise 3b and completed the SUIveycolumn. that makes sense. the results do seem to prove that. Surprisingly. investing. and stress of investment and salary. we asked about leisure time. and Ihars also very interesting. Then ask students to use their imagination to complete the Me column in the chart. Have studen ts attempt Exercise 3c before you play the audio again for them to complete it. I con understand thot. Welt. isn't it? And it even made some people less happy. flying. In the sludio this morning is Janet King. Half of those people who changed jobs started their own business. We look atlhe results in different categories. Bob Happiness .

It made no difference to my happiness. Since then you have gotten murried .... You just received the questionnaire on tho right that the lottery has sent to all its winners in the past five yoars. 3 Listening skills a How would you react to winning the lottery? Read the situation below and complete the task..by cash or credit card? 2 3 4 My partner and I got divorced. moved to a new neighborhood. tn. 55% 2% 42% 4% 48% 15% 16% d Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. c Make as many verb-nou n combinations as you can wit h the words in the box above. to be paid back laler borrow 4 got money or a pr i z~ in a competition or louory will 5 usc monoy or lime in an inefficient way waslo 6 you can pay with this if YOLI don'. 10% 3% 83% r Ask and answer the questions fro m Exercise 2e with a part ner. which'! 2 Why do you think winning a lot of money made some people unhappy? 3 What resu lts would the same survey produce in your country? lend sometbing to someone You borrow some/lrills /rom someone Fame ond fortune Unit 2 . 50"". 5 6 7 8 I took up an expensive new hobby. Think about wha t your answers would be and complete the "Me" column with "yes" or "no.ne5S 2 love 3 work 4 leisure 5 hcallh 6 educatjon LANGUAGE NOTE YOll d In pairs. to -rnak an. 1 Do any of the results surprise you? If so. they will pay it back lend 8 what you got as proof of buying something receipt 9 what yO ll recoive overy month for working sa lary 10 use money to buy things spend b Check that you understand the other nouns and verbs in the box obove. 9 We sent the children to a private school.i!X. 1 How much does a doctor earn in your country'? Z Do you ever waste money buying things you don't need ? 3 When was the last time you lent money to a frie nd'! 4 What do you spend most of your money on'? 5 Have you over won any money in a competition? 6 Do you pre fer to -P. Imagine thi s situation: five years ago. I gave money to my family." ~ c The represontative of the company discusses six categories. 1 Me The win made me happier. you won a million dollars in tho loltery. 1 fli1l?A. and had throe children. . e Complete tho sentences with an appropriate verb from the box.J. discuss these questions. There arc six extra words.~!e.2 Vocabul ary: money a Find a word from the box for each of the descriptions below. Verbs make cam spend save lend borrow waste win lose pay investment credit card salary receipt money cash Nouns 1 money in tho form of bills and coins cash 2 something you buy in order to make more money later on investment 3 get some money from a person or an institution. have cash credit card 7 give someone money temporarily. Comp lete the missing percentages in tho las! column o f the table. Thon tell the class your ideas. Listen agai n and write them. I did not quit worn. It made me unhappy. 0 b Listen to an interv iew. t switched to private medical care. I got a new job.

Uni!2 Fame and fortune . c Rea~ lhe extracts ogain.'St. o nly to come back to the sport.. He was captain of the Argentinian tcam when they won their second Wo rld Cup in 1986.. Make a note of the nchlCvcments and failures. She went toVenezuela with her husband and children. She was unable to find work in her chosen career as a jou rnalist. Sadly. of each of those people. He retired twice. his career ended only a few years later. Since then. after accusations of drug abuse. Discuss thorn with a parlner. with several novels to her name.. she has become the bestknown South American author. but it was there that her career . fD Mar adona He became Argentina's youngest ever international soccer player in 1977. 1 It was really stupid to got into that sluff. Maybe he wasn 't good enough for the school tcam. d Which of tho people might have theso regrets? Which ono was 1I0t a persolla] choice? '. 2 I wish I hadn't gone back after I retired 3 I was very sorry to have to leave my co~ntry.it was 1101 a personal choice o lorda n A link known fuel: when he was in high school. has also been made into a film. Isabe l Allende had to leave her country . if appropriate. she had to leave the country of her birth after the military coup of 1973. Her most famou s.. 1 Can YOll identify the people ill the pictures? 2 What do you know about them? b Read the extracts quickly.. b ut when he came back the second time to play fo r the WashinglOll Wizards. he failed to get OnlO the school basketball team. and in 1982 h e became the world's most expensive soccer player when h e transferred to Barcelon a..Regrets 1 Readi ng skills a Discuss these questions. as an author took off. but he went on to become the greatest basketball plllyer of all time. Match each one with one of the people in the pictures. House of the Spirits. e Allende Born in Chile. he was clearly past his m.

George Joe? Bin Joe Espinosa. I wish I'd ordered a cheeseburger.. George Mm. George What? Bill Well. A n swers: 1 Achiev ements: greatest basketball player of al! time Failures: failed to get onto school basketball tearn. captain of Argentina when they won the World Cup in 1986 Failures: drug abuse D iscuss Exercise ld with the whole class. right .. I've regret1ed it a thousand times. 8 For Exerc ise 3 on page 21:"!11 Bill Mmm. most expensive soccer player... ah. Joe owns this place and all the other Lucky Joe reslauranls. you know. you know. Answers: Extract 1: Michael Jordan Extract 2: Isabel Allende Extract 3: Diego Maradona The other picture on page 20 is of Gabriel Garda Marquez In Exercise lc students should rea d the texts carefully for detaiL Ask students to make brief notes individually and then discuss their n otes in pairs .Objectives Grammar Topic: regrets Vocabulary regrets: I wish / If school a nd careers: only collocations Pronunciation Reading intonation short biography expressing interest extracts and surprise Ustening Speaking discussing personal regrets a conversation 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. This is delicious. he's gal a chain of. well. Incredible! No! George Yeah. George Yeah. but don'. 1 \~ For Exercise 4 on page 21:"!11 Reolly? You're kidding! Oh. George It's nat as big as some fast food chains. amazing. a hundred! George Incredible! Bill Y eah. mine's not 100 good. p ast his best wh en he came back tbe second time 2 A chievements: successful author Failures: had to leave Chile: couldn ' t find work as a journalist 3 Achievements: Argentina's yowlgest ever soccer player. George Really? Bill Really_We used to go to the same school George You're kidding! You used to go to the same school I? Bill Yeah. Bill Yeoh. You know irs always busy here. Encourage lots of speculation. Usten . A hundred? Uh huh Yeah. about a hundred outlets all over the world! George A hundred? Bill Yep. and he'd saved enough money George Uh huh? Bill Enough money to open a little hamburger place and . . Joe and I used to work in the same factory after we left school. George No! And you turned him down? Bill Well. give away any answers yet In Exercise l b. Encourage them to foc us on completing the task. and not to waste time trying to understand the passages in depth. they must be making a 101 of money. Fame and fortune T 20 Unit 2 . yeoh. George Oh. and now he's . right. Bill Tao lole 10 change it now... We were buddies. If only I'd said yes . be his partner. _you won't believe this .. yeah and then he went on to open a second hamburger ioint and Ihen a third . he asked me to join him. yeah!? Bill Yeah . but old Joe's doing okay. Bill Oh. Bill . students should quickly road the extracts and match them to the pictures ..

Itfonly I wish/If only + post perfect is used to express regrets about the past. Ask for volunteers to report back to the class. After students have listened again in Exercise 3b. Have the other students guess which famous person they are. Draw students' attention to the Language Note. Have them write down three regrets lhatthey think that person might have. Allow students to choose the story to expan d in Exercise 4c. If only I made enough money here. to encourage students to express surprise through intonation. Common probktms and errors Students try to express regrets about the present with a present form. which is usually not acceptable.t ·· ~ 2 Grammar: regrets Use the picture and the questions in Exercise Za to establish the context: the man wants his situation to be different now. 6 Speaking skills Elicit one or two "regrets" from the class. ask students to concentrate on answering the questions. I wish I eFR taller. Another problem is that the students' language may have no specific verb equivalent to wish but moy use a subjunctive form equivalenlto want / would like. Students often try to convey the subjunctive with would + verb. t 3 Listening skills Before playing the audio for Exercise 3a. The oudioscripts tor Track 8 and Track 9 ore on page T20 '" Unit2 T 21 Fame and fortune . so students need to exaggerate the way they express interest and surprise in order to sound "natural: The intonation pattern for both interest and surprise can be represented by a falling arrow then a rising arrow. Allow enough preparation time (for example. pause after each word and ask the whole class to repeat. five to ten minutes) for them to feel confident when retelling. Encourage students to use the intonation patterns when responding. If only I lived in the city. Then d iscuss the answers as a class. English has no well-developed subjunctive form. This can lead to errors. Ask students to work in pairs to complete Exercise zb and to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. Let students check their sentences in Exercise 2d in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. any changes to some because the sentence changes from negative to positive. Note that in 2. then up. Then ask one or two indiv iduals to repeat. Elicit wish sentences in response to question 4. In Exercise 4b. I wish I wel:JkJ !ilre in a quieter area. I would like !/:Je!. Play the audio only once and compare answers with the whole class. Then elicit from students what they think the man might be saying: I wish [were younger / more handsome. ask them to check in pairs. If only I had listened to my parents. If only I hadn't given up my job in the city. 5 Vocabulary: school and careers Model the activity for Exercise 5c by asking three or four questions in open class. make a gesture that moves steeply down. the fall and rise are much steeper when expressing surprise than when expressing interest. Have them write notes but not whole sentences. Quk\( grammar guide: I wish I wish/If only + simple past is used to talk about wonting things to be different about the present. Concentrate on intonation. Unlike mony other longuoges. Compare answers to Exercise 4a around the class. Then allow students two minutes to tbink of ideas for the topics.' ''''e!:J/c/ have more money. Presentation alternative Ask students to imagine thai they ore 0 famous person. 4 Pronunciation skills: expressing interest and surprise Quick pronunciation guide English has a very wide range of intonation. Answers: 2 I wish / 3 I wish / 4 I wish I 5 I wish I 6 I wish I If only I had some friends here. Ask students to read the regrets aloud to their group or to the class. Using your hand. However.

jobs. we can use either was or were after [.. your parents won the lottery. usc expressions from Exercise 4a to show interest and surprise. We can express regrets about the present with I IDm and If only + the simple ~ tense. When you listen to your partner's story. + the Ilast perfect tense. ~ b Listen agai n and answer these questions. Answer these questions.. school 3 become partner 4 found/start company 5 open slore. 6 I didn't listen to my parents.o 4 Pronunciation skill s: expressing interest and surprise a Listen to these phrases from the conversation. b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. talk about th ings you either regret in your life now or regret about your past. talking 3 What is their relationship'! friends 6 Speaking skills In pairs. II wish I were rich. 1 Is the man attractive now? No. Uh. school. 2 Was he attractive fifty years ago? Yes. It is more formal. money. 3 II was stupid to give up my job in the city. it.!!D. 1 I moved to this lawn a year ago and [don't like it. 5 I prefer living in the cily. IlVish I hadn't moved to this toWll. slore. he. college. 2 [don't have any friends here. huh.. 1 Stories YOIl saw a very strange animal when you were out for a walk in the woods yesterday. learn 2 graduate from college. exams. present 2 r wish I hadn't lost my good looks. factory 6 work for company 7 work atlill factory.ly. Use the sentences in Exercise 2b to help you.. b The man expresses his regrets in different ways. 3 When you were young. I really miss my best friend from high school. 1 Where are the speakers? fast food restaurant 2 What are they doing? eating. c Choose one of the "stories" below and make notes on it. 5 Vocabulary : school and careers a Which of lhe nouns in the box can you put with each verb group'! college company factory job orrer money partner school store team leave / drop oul of I quit college. Answer the questions. 4 Can he change the situation? No. They were right. past 4 I wish I weren'l totally bald. past 3 If only I hadn't lost my beautiful hair. 4 You saw something very strange in the sky when you closed your curtains last night. company 8 accept / turn down job offer. and there: 1 wish 1 was rich. d Make wishes about Ihese sentences. 2 Grammar: regrets a Look althe picture above. 2 You were invited to the Oscars and you met some famous movie stars. No! lID lID III lID ~ b Listen again and repeat the phrases. I graduated from high school when I was 18. A Did YOll leave school when you were 16? 8 No. o 3 Listening skills a Listen 10 the conversation. right . school. yeah. 1 Who did Bill use to go to school with? Joe 2 Where did Bill and joe use to work? the same factory 3 What did joe do after he left the factory? opened a hamburger place 4 What does Bill wish? he had said yes when joe asked hjm to be his partner F ame and fortune Uni! 2 . 4 [don't make enough money here. mOlley 1 LANGUAGE NOTE When we use the simple past of be after I wish or If only. though some people think it is old-fashioned. [wish I had kept in touch with h er. fami ly. she. Then tell your partner. Use th ese to pics : fr iends. Which statements are regrets about or desires for Ihe present? Which are regrets about the past? 1 If only I looked better. I wish + were is always correct. 3 How does he feel about the situation'? Unhappy. c Which of these have you done in your life so far? Ask and answer in pairs. We can express regrets about the past with I wish and If . Really? Oh. school. Which ones express interest? Which express surprise? Write I or S in the boxes. present c Complete the rules. Incredihle! III III III lID You're kidding! A hundred!? Yeah.

Who wins tho most bonus money? Unil2 Fome ond fortune . Do thoy use similar language to you? Which phrases do thoy use to discuss and decide on an answer? Look at the audioscript on page 148 and underline all the expressions that will be useful in taking the quiz.000 each. b In groups of six or eight. In groups of four or five. LANGUAGE J have n o idea. When do we ll""lly lise this question word? 7 Foll o w up a In pairs.000. Which orlhase does llQ1 go with the word white? til meat hI broad c) tea ell egg What is the namo of the sea thaI separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? a) the Black Sea bl the Sea of Marmara c) the Meditorranean Soa dl the Caspian Sea 3 Compare USEFUl. ask yOUl" teacher to read a few questions agai n. " ~ Listen to some people discussing these questions.. ask your questions. Isn't it . or other phrases that you know for discussing choices. practice some of the language yo u'll need .. What were yo ur besliworst categories? Do yo u need to improve your knowledge in any of them? If you had problems with A or B. 4 Tas k a Road the aim and ru les of the quiz.000. What is wrong in each of th ese statements? 1 You can win less than $1 . write two bonus questions for each category. do we all 5 Feedback Well. discuss the answers to the two questions below. One student-7The whol ~ t~ a m 11 Now lake the quiz! Your teacher will read the questions out fo r you. These bonus questions are worth $50. look back over the last two units and review the vocabulary and grammar! 6 Noti ce Did you notice the question word thaI most questions began with? If not. So. can~an 't 2 You choose your joker after you have heard tho quostions. how did you do? Did any group win the million? Take a look at yo ur scores. ? It 's . 2 Prepare You are going to take a quiz in teams. Use the Useful Language phrases. but first..Lesson4 So you want to win a million? 1 Warm up Do you watch quizzes on TV? Do you enjoy them? Why? I Why not? What's your favorite TV (or radiol quiz? Why do you like it? . afi er-7befo r-e 3 One student decides on lhe answer for the group. Include the answers.

Which of these does nol go with the word "white"? a .egg. right? We can have black tea. c . splitting the original pairs that prepared questions together. Whafs the nex! question? A What is !he name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it a . I have no idea.bread. When students are ready. Fame and fortune T 22 Unit 2 . With students.. I don't think so. Remind them 10 double the score for the category for which they played their joker. thars difficuk. Encourage lots of talking..Objectives Grammar Topic: taking a quiz Reading instrudions Writing w riting questions for a quiz Ustening simple present. And the Cospian Sea is in Russia. tea. A Irs c. Insist that they speak in English .o and informally check some of the vocabulary and grammar practiced in the book so far. read the questions (on page T23). Laura. ! wentta the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. C Isn1 it meat? o No.. Then ask students to find and underline useful phrases in the audioscript on page 148 of the Student's Book. Hisn'lthe Mediterranean... Allow students two or three minutes to practice. A So.. or d -the Caspian Sea? C Oh. So maybe frs the Block Sea? C No. 0 Welt lers Iry to work it out. Briefly model the activity by pretending to speculate about the answer to the first question. 6 Notice Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. divide the class into groups of six or eight. I think you're right. with a couple of min utes al the end of each category for them to decide on answers that they are unsure of. I think you're wrong. 0 So . we definitely use white with egg . 3 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 3 once and discuss the questions as a class . laura? A Yes. Then have students share their answers as a class. nat white tea. 2 Prepare Divide students into groups and ask them to read the instructions. you're right... thars right. We usually use this question word when deciding between alternatives. that's right.meat.. so irs c.. ~rs put that .. but we Wi tea with milk.. You may wanl to give your students a little advance notice 10 review their lessons before doing the quiz! 1 Warm up Set the scene and generate interest by asking the whole class these questions. present progressive a quiz The aim of the quiz is to reviev. Allow only about 30 seconds for students to discuss their answers 10 each question. simple past. At the end of each category... \10'' __.. right? o Yes. B No. using the phrases in the Useful Language box. c -tea.and quietly so that other groups can't hear. b . 5 Feedback Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. C Oh. That way each student in each group has two question s to ask.Ihe Bled:: Sea. do we all agree thaI frs the Sea of Marmora? All Yes. What do you think. read the answers aloud and ask the groups to add up their scores. ~ 4 Task Ask studen ts to check their answers to the questions in Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing them as a class. d . B Well. 7 Follow up When students are ready.. this question.. build up a list of these phrases on the board.. Chicken is white meat. Answer: Most questions began with which. I think.the Mediterranean Sea. b -!he Sea of Marmara.

. c.. b) She hod blond hair. 6 Which ofthese is not a synonym o f quill a) drop out. 4 Which of these di d the French philosopher Descartes say? al I think. 4 If you found a company. c) July 4 1776.? a) red. d) She has gray eyes. b. d. d) fivo years. c) the Romans. c) red. a) have. d) Marlon Brando 2 The presidential elections in the U. b) Venezuela. h. a. a Unit 2 T 23 Fameond fortu ne . c) East Pakistan. dl Labor 6 Where was Che Guevara born? al Argentina. d) blue 2 What did Sri Lanka use to be called? al Burma... c) r a t! do borrow my phone. 5 After an accident someone might say If oilly 1 . therefore 1 \Vas. c) Bolivia. c) make it. bl am more careful.S. d) Ceyloll 3 When did the U. Its capital is . b) stop. bl the USA cl the U. II. cl hod. d.Quiz questions and answers Section A 1 Which of these does not describe wine? al pink. c) Sbe has dark eyes. c. more money.S. d) Cuba Answers: d . d) Australia . b) the Greeks. K. dl She was blond. b) Sbe bas black eyes. b) Rhodesia. b. d. al Riga. Answers: c. d Section B 1 Which is correct? If only 1 . 4 Your friend asks to borrow your cell phone for the fifth time today.. dl Bolivia Answers: c. d) white 2 Which oftbese can you not do with money? a) earn it. c) 1 thought. cl four years.. bl July 5 1 776. dl You lIever borrow my phone. therefore 1 be. b) ros~. c. d) the Aztecs 5 Latvia used to be part of the Soviet Union.. 3 Where did the actor Russell Crowe grow up? a) New Zea land.. take place every . c ) you discover it. b) Tom Hanks. c) pure. 5 Margaret Thatcher was the leader of which Bri tish political party? a) Republican.. therefore 1 0m. cl was more friends. d. 6 Which sentence is not correct? a) She used to have blond hair. d) conservative. You say: al You 're always borrowing my phone. 6 Which country's flag does not have red in it? a) Guatemala.. bl am having. cl we were used to being cold. al year. hI Japan . h) Moscow. d) Kiev. c) Chile. c. dl will have 2 Someone who was lonely when they were in school might say I wish I . cl Minsk. al have more friends. a) you start it bl you close it. dl I think. therefore 1 am . d) July 6 1789 4 Which of these people used coins first? al the Lydians. b) three years. c} leave. b) spend it. d) you work for it.. c) Johnny Depp. bl had had more friends. dl join Answers: a. a. h) I'm thinking. bl You always borrow my phone. c Section C 1 Who starred in the movie The Godfather Part 1'1 al Tom Cru ise. bl we are cold. dl will have lIlore friends. dlwe wore cold. a) realist ic. c) Conservative. 5 Someone who keeps to the moral and legal standards of society is .. b) white. a.. d) had been more careful. h) respectable.. d. a) had m ore careful. c) green. 3 Com plete the sentence: We didn't find it difficu lt to move to the moun/a ins because . al we used to be cold. become independent? a) July 4 1789. c) She was used to having blond hair. d) do it J Which of these is incorrect? a) She has brown eyes.S. bl Social Democrat. a Section D 1 Which of these colors is not in the flag of the U. c) had had m ore careful.

therefore I am.000) a) have b) am having c) had d) will have 2 ($30.000) a} She has brown eyes.000) a) Riga b) Moscow c) Minsk d) Kiev 6 ($55.000) Section B score = _ _ _ (out of $250. b} I'm thinking. b) You always borrow my phone.000) a) I think.000. 1776 d) July 6th . ~ng to the Ie~ of diffi ~ulty. Check your answers and add up your score (honestly!). therefore I am . '789 b) July 5'".000. c} She was used to having blond hair. b) She has black eyes. add up your total score to find if you have won a million! A English vocabulary "-.OOO. therefore I be.this means that you can double the money you w in fo r that ~e category.000) a) had more careful b) am more careful c) had had more careful d) had been more careful ($55. Section D score = (out of $250.000) a) realistic b) respectable c) pure d) conservative a) drop out b) stop c) leave d) join '. you will hear the answers.000) a) year. Circle the answer.000) a) Burma b) Rhodesia c) East Pakistan d) Ceylon 3 ($40.000) a) She used to have blond hair.000) a) Republican b) Social Democrat c) Conservative d) Labor 6 ($55.($40.000) "--1 ($30. '-. or $55. S40. d) Australia 4 ($40.000) a) New Zealand b) the USA c) the U. c) You do borrow my phone.($55. d) five years. therefore I was.0001 But . You will hear each question twice. c} I thought.000) a) pink b) rose c) red d) white 2 ($30. b) She had blond hair. 1776 c) July 4 th .000) a) Tom Cruise b) Tom Hanks c) Johnny Oepp d) Marlon Branda 2 ($30. Look at the categories and choose your joker.000) a) have more friends b) had had more friends c) was more friends d) will have more friends ~ D Geography and history 1 ($30.000) a) Guatemala b) Japan c) Chile d) Bolivia 3 ($40. c) She has dark eyes "' ($40.K .000.000) a) red b) white c) green d) blue 2 ($30.000) a) the Lydians b} the Greeks c} the Romans d) the Aztecs 5 ($55. you lose everything! 4 5 6 Divide into teams of four or five. English 91'8 r.000. d) I think. Then you must agree on an answer in your team. c) four years . at figure . Politics and cutture. ($55. But you must choose your category before you start t~:~~uiz.OOO) a} earn it b) spend C Politics and culture it c) make it d) do it d) She has gray eyes.000) a) you start it b) you close it 'c) you discover it d) you work for it 5 ($5S. At the end of each category. At the end of the quiz.000) a) You're always borrowing my phone. 5 ($55.($30 .. 1789 4 ($40..000) 1 ($30.000) a) July 4· . If you don't reach '. d) You never borrow my phone.000) a) we used to be cold b) we are cold c) we were used to being cold d) we were cold 4 ($40.000) a) Argentina b} Venezuela c) Bolivia d) Cuba Section C score =___ (out of $250. d) She was blond. Please note: the only prize is $1 . If you get all the Jestion ~ yOU will win $1. 2 3 ( '1e aim of the quiz 15 to answer enough questions correctly to w in a f1i11lon dollarsl Each question has a prize of $30.~(:) ~(:) (j WAJff T(:) WIN r ~ ~ I 11 C9 im Rules . b) three years . Geography and history) as your 'oker'" . we've made it a bit 'aSler. 3 ($40. Vi choose ONE of the categories (English vocabulary.000) Fame and fortune .000) 6 "-- ""ection A score = q English grammar (out of $250.000.

" Regret about something in the present: If only / I wish + simple past: If only I knew the answer. en'l used / / didn't use /0 getting up earty. . working hard. I did. If 0f'IIy / I wish + past perfect for things we regret about the past: I left school at 16. about habits.. The children used to go swimming fM3rY day.ng verb + complement or noun goi1g to bed early. Of situations in the past that are not true or do nol happen now.. ~ I wish I had a job. but he quit. I didn't. children.. 1 I used to \eave ( drop out of ( quit college ( school / a team graduate from college/school / ent shopping last Saturday. (can) change my appearance. Question: Did you use to walk home. We Irve in a smaI apartment. Habits we regret or desilJ about the present: I don't have a job. money: money ( an investment earn money ( a (goodIbad) salary spend ( save money lend money (to someone) ( borrow money (from someone) waste money I win money ( lose money pay cash I by credit card ( the check I the fare ( for a ticket Answer these questions. 4 If onty' I hadn't spent (not spend) SO much money last week! 5 I wish I could 2 be + used to + noun/-ing verb u. use to take the bus." Subject + be used to used to -./ + past perfect: If only I hadn't eaten so much. I wish I had (have) mora time! I'm so busy! 2 If only I hadn't argued (not argue) with my last boyfriendlgirtfriend. actions. 00 you have these regrets. 1 Have you ever made a goodIbad investment? 2 When did you last spend a 101 of money? \>\'hat did you buy? 3 INhen did you last borrow money from a friend ( the bar*? 4 Have you ever won any money? How much? 5 How do you usually pay the check in a restaurant? I'm John wasn't Peler isn't We were 2 School and careers Choose the correct completion. Actions Situations We used to live by the ocean.. ! No." Affirmative: Complete these common regrets with the simple past or the past perfect of the verbs in parentheses. I wish you had come to the party.. We form short answers with did: Did you use to see her evety day? Yes. / We lived by the ocean.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 used to + verb 3 Regret s (I wish I lf only) u. use used to for a single action in the past or for the recent past: Fo. Be careful not to confuse the past form of this w ith used to + verb: I used to get up early when I was at school. to01 Negative: We didn 't We used to walk to school. But note that we don'. We use be + used to to say that we are or were accustomed to something. )( I watched 7V aD day yesterday. it wasn't a problem. . X We visited the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New YQrl(. -+ I wish we didn't live in a small apartment./ Fo. Vocabulary Summary 1 M o n ey Common verb-noun combinations concerning make I travel a lOt for my work so I'm used to spending time on planes. If only / I wish I used to watch 7V aN day yesterday. COld weather. If 0f'IIy / I wish + simple past for things that U. -+ 1 wish I hadn't left school at 16. work aUin a college ( a company ( a factory ( a school ( a store accept ( turn down a job offer / money Unil2 Fame ond fortune . Regret about something in the past: We used to visit the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New York. 3 My dad sed to smoke was used to smokJng. 2 We become a partner founctlstatt a company open a factory ( a store work for a company 4 I was used t used to the heat when I lived in Texas. = past habit. = something that I was accustomed to. then discuss them with your partner. loo? Note the spelMng in the negative and question forms: use 10 3 I wish I h a d paid (pay) more attentiorl when I was at school. We didn't have a vacation last year. I used to smoke.. We can often use the simple past in place of used to: We used to live by the ocean. fact I was used to getting up early when I was at school. wish we had had a vacation last year. I wish I had more money. We use used to + verb to tal<. - Fo. -+ .

exhausting. wasn't). Be careful to avoid misunderstandings by using enough words to make your meaning clear. Finally. h Write back and let me know about the summer. 1 subject of the e-mail a 2 close the e·mail and say goodbye i 3 give information about the writer e Thanks for your e-mail.San Francisco first week in August. Vllhat do you think would be difficult about writing them in English? ~<J REVIEW Review your actio n plan from Unit 1: using your dictionary In pairs. Can you help improve you r partner's message? Informal e-mails are very different in structure from more formal letters. I Hi Annie. Imagine you are Annie or Paul and write a reply to the e-mail from Terry above. Friends: first names.. Some great people in my office and I've made a couple of good friends through the gym where I work out. Match these descriptions with the letters in the text. Be sure to reply to all the infonnation and questions she asks. d In pairs. d So when will you fin ish? And how about Pau l? Is he still working at that department store? 4 dlange the subject to another topic f 5 ask the reader to respond J do something h 6 thank the reader c life in Germany is a lot of fun now but things weren't so easy at first. I'm thinking of coming to the States this summer . talk about your action plan from page :: ~ Di: t: 15 and say what you have done about it. Terry c Put your knowledge of writing infonnal e-mails to the test.) 2 What is the relationship between the w rrter and the reader'? Find informaHon in the a-mail to justify your answer. Remember to match your style to [he writer's style.- _nl.J. b Ideas in e-mails are usually organized in some order. If you've never sent any e-mailsin English. d. Even though an e-mail is often a more informal way of communication than writing a letter. Lots of work to do so gotta go. ~ has I b Compare your ideas with the advice on the right about writing informal e-mails.J > L.. ogain/ . e-mails in a business environment may be much more formaL And you still need to read over your e-mail before you send it. g 3 Replying to an e-mail a How is writing an e-mail different from writing a standard letter? Make notes. Does it tell you anything you didn't mention? A big hug. Wi ll you guys be there? Can I come to stay with you for a couple of days? Would be great to see you again . informal greeting.J o Cl.rom' ~ TO: ~~ b C you know? Informal : colloquial language (Hi I a big hug / etc. Really good to hear from you again. :... and met a really nice guy here too! :-} e 7 give a reason for closing the e-mail g 8 say heHo b 9 ask for inforrnaHon from the reader d c Would the order of ideas be the same in your language? Discuss in pairs. Words are sometimes abbreviated or emoticons (symbols) are used. ~ luerenl surnames so /p. but that slowly got better. . 1 Is this a formal or informal e-mail? How do o -' L. or sometimes no greeting. :::J 2 Organizing an e-mail a Read the e-mail and answer the questions. abbreviations (Glad to . There's usually a short. Glad to hear your degree is gOing well..aven't seen each other for a while a sutpl Wx £u1 a Ie&. These people are called "key pals".J. use an English spell checker if you can! PLAN I> Your action plan: making key pals It is possib~ to make friends on the Internet by sending e-mails to one Of two people on a regular basis.. An.z - C!) Informal e-mails 1 Using e-mail Have you ever had to read or send e-mails in English? Tell your partner about it. slill imp ly th a l lhey h. By using the Internet you can make friends from allover the world.) .. I wasn't used to the culture or speaking German all day . find out about different cultures and practice your English at the same time! Find out about how to make key pals by usjng a search engine and entering the words key pais + EFL. r Anyway. first names. E-mails often don't use complete sentences. Fame and fortune Un1l2 . Note: You will need to discuss what you have found with a classmate at the end of Unit 3.. compare your e-mails. okay? Take care and say hi to Paul. Oh.oba bly not related. ~ . .

instant access to the Internet and receiving and send in g photos. The first commercial ceHphone system was developed by the Japanese in 1979. Th is may be a time bomb waiting to happen to you nger people who have grown up with cellphones that they simply can't live without! GLOSSARY palm the ins ide of the hand a lime bomb something lhat is likely to have a sudden and bad effect in the future ___ Unit3 RU connected? . but now the re are countless new facilities. cel/phones have been around for over a quarter of a century. 3 Cell phoncs and the family Cellphones have made communication easier and have reduced the need for family arguments! We can use cellphones to let our family know we'll be late or if there's a sudden change of plan or an emergency. but cel/phones have changed a lot since thot time. someth in g that is becoming a freq uent occu rrence. social contact and for business . too: we have had caller ID. and have you ever seen such huge phone bills? More serious. w ould you like to have one? Why? I Why not? 2 Can you imagine li fe wit hout cell phones? How wo uld it bo d ifferen t? cellphones the facts 1 The histo ry of the cellphonc Believe it or not.1 Reading skills a Look althe pictures of phones. Ameritech set up the first system in 1983. answering services and hands-free use for years. Wri le in the correct paragraph headings. such as streaming video. However. except for those times when the kids call because they want a ride home from a late night party! 4 Problems with celillhones This does not mean that cellphones are all good news. why do yo u need it? If you do n 't have a cell phone. There have been huge developments in their functions. They have brought with them a number of new headaches for t heir owners: it costs a lot to replace stolen phones. 1 How did the invention of the telephone change our lives? 2 How have cell phones changed O Uf lives? Muke a list of their ad vantages and di sadvantages. They have made everyday life easier but noisier. 2 Cell phones in everyday life Cellphones have become ve ry co mmon in ou r lives: recent statistics suggest as many as one in three people on the planet now have a cellphone.) c Complete tho table with ideas fro m the article. used for essential arrangements. Cell phones have eased the worries of millions of parents when their teenagers are out late: they can now contact their children at any time. Answer the (!uestions. however. Of course. h Read th is Internet articl e on cell phones. text messaging. They are used in every area of ou r lives and have become a necessary tool. Advantages 1 in everyday lifo 2 in the work place 3 for the family 4 other Disadvantages _ they are noisy can call for help on the highway - Cell phones and the family Probloms with cell ph ones Co llphonos at work Cc llphones in everyday life The history of the ce ll phone d In grou ps. call forwarding. They have made it possible to keep in touch with people "on the move" . they also mean you can escape the workplace physically. In the United States. discuss these questions. but not mentally: with the help of call forwarding the employee is always at the end of the "phone line". (Be careful : there is one heading too many. The early cellphones were big and heavy but they have developed into small and light palm-sized models.when you're traveling. and most of them say they couldn't live without one. Add /l il y other ideas you had in Exercise l a. they still don't know where their child ren are. 1 If yo u have a cell phon e. Th ey have made it easier to call for help on the highway or warn a colleague that you'll be late. is the potential health problem they bring: there are fears that radiation from t he phones may cause brain tumors.

. This text contains a number of compound nouns..... the CD player on the board and see if students can predict what the topic of this lesson will be. ills. really. Set a time limit of five minutes. text. Introduce !he topk 1 Reading ski lls Put studellts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 18 brieny. refer students to the Glossary.iewer And what is the situation hC!'e in Ihe Stales? Wilson Not much has happened here. so why not introduce laws on talking on the phone and driving? In fact.Interviewer The chances of on occident are four times greatC!' . we understand thol there is now deor evidence !hot the use of cellphooes by drivers increases the risk of traffIC accidents. the foct is thot the number of accidents fNery year has increased enormously since we started using ceflphones about 25 years ago. write the Internet. there ore fines of up 10 a thousond dollars and even imprisonment hlief .. Afterwards. If no answers are forthcoming. Mr. but we are way behind many othC!' countries.-. Write the following two lists on the board and ask students to match a word from A to a word from B 10 make a compound noun. Hove them find the compounds in the text and check the meaning of the words. . our figures estimate that irs around 85% -that me::lns of course that about 85% of cellphooe 0NnerS use their phaoes at some painl while they're driving. a lederal police spokesperson. lief .-. tumor. phone Vocabulary _n B: bomb. leaving plenty of room to add ideas from the text and from the list the class made in tho preceding discussions. time. write the title RU connecled?on the boord. in the lost few years.New York and New Jersey . tho employee is always at the end of the phone line Can warn a colleague that you'll he late Fewer family arguments Can let our family know when wo'll be late Parents can contact children at any time family 4 Other Costs a lot to replace stolen phones Huge phone bills Radiation may cause brain tumors Divide the class into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l d . the eel/phone. Which invention does the class think is the most important? As on alternative. since and for question intonation Reading an Inlernet article Ustening an interview Speaking discussing use of cellphones Write on lhe board: the Internet.---------. line. the cellphone. Hove a brief class discussion. Wilson. but there are around 50 countries n<:JW that hove decided 10 make it ~legal 1 use your 0 cellphone <Mlile driving.thers horrifying! Wilson Yes.Objectives Grammar Topic: cell phones Pronuncicmon present perfect simple..-. JVSl now dangerous are celtphones? Wilson Well. Answers will vary.-.. Only two slates have banned the use of cellphones while driving .. For Exercise 3 page 27 ~ I.iewer And do these countries enforce the laws? Wilson Oh yes.. Ask students to read tho text quickly and match the headings in Exercise lb.. The evidence suggests that you ore four times more likely to have a crash when using your cell phone while driving .. but ot:MousIy some drivers use their phones a lot. IntQrviewer How many drivers do you think aduolty use !heir cellphones while driving? Wilson WeD. Ask students whot thaI means lanother way 10 write il: Are you connected?1 and what it might mean. InfeI . teo iIieww In the studio is Mike Wilson. brain. The United Kingdom was one of the most recent. In Poland..and there is some discussion 01 nationcllfNeI.. and the punishments can be very strict.. message.-------. phone . for example. Ask students to copy the table in Exe rcise lc on to a separate pi ece of paper.. '-- Disadvantages With call forwarding... many countries hove banned Ihe use of ceHphones while driving. A: cell. RU connected? T 26 Unit 3 .'-. Answer'S Advantages 2 In tho workplace 3 For the . Ask students in pairs or grOlips 10 decide which they think is lhe most important invention and why.. and there are likely 1 0 be a lot more. the CD player.ieYter Do you feel we now hove enough evidence 10 make laws banning the use of a cell phone while driving? Wilson I think we do_ We've got very stricllows on drinking and driving. Thon olicit answers from the class and build up a list of advantages and disadvantages on the board.

A good Wa. Each group leader has to ask the questions ond prompt other students to express their opinion. guide. [t is their job to report whotthe group soid to the class at the end of the activity. He/she has to join in. / RS'. Tell Sludent A in each group he/she is the group [eoder. Pause the recording allor each question and ask Ule whole class to repeat. Then ask two or three individuals to repeat. ask st udents to work in pairs 10 mark the correct intonation. since and for I-Iavo students work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise Za about the example sentences in the taxt. Answers will vary. where English uses the present perfect This frequently causes errors. Play the audio again for Exercise 4b. Allow five minutes for discussion. We use the present perfect tense to totk about aclioos or stales thol began in the past and ore continuing now. - Students make errors with time markers cnd questions. Sludent B is the secretary. Next. I've lived in Rio &~fe f9( three years. Ask students 10 choose the correct answer in Exercise 2c and then check in pairs before going through Ihe answers as a class. and similar activities. [n Exercise 4c. Now play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and chock their answers.. is to assign "speaking roles: DMde the closs into groups 01 lour. play the audio a second lime. 4 Pronunciation skills: question intonation Play the audio for Exercise 4a .. and afterwards ask for a show of hands to sec how many students in class sa id yes to each question.<e qRisCtefi /unch ten minutes ago. As students ropeal. ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3a . Allerwards. 3 Listening skills Prepare for the listening exercise by asking the class whal they th ink of using cell phones while driving. Ask students to ngure out the rules for question intonation in English and com plete the sentences toget her. Do the I1rsl Iwo as a class as examples to get students shuted. Ask Do YO ll think lIsing cel/phones while driving is dangerous? Why? Do yOll tl!ink it should be JxmllCcI? Have students discuss this briel1y with a partner. modeling the inlonation patterns carefully. I·hlvo students work in groups offour to practice the questions in Exerc ise 4d. How long ~ hove you lived in Rio? Another common error is using the present perfed for a finished even! in the recen t post with a lime marker. go over the answers with the class.j to menage the activity above. Ask sl ud cnts 10 work in pairs 10 malch/orand sillce 10 the time ex pressions in Exerdse 2b. tracing tho intonation patterns they hear. Encourage the class to mimic yom hand gestures. The oudioscript for Track 11 is on page T26 ~ 1 Do you hove 0 cellphone? 2 How long have you hod your cellphone? 3 Do you ever send lext messages? 4 Who do you normally text? Jnit 3 T 27 RU connected? . .."lck to the class. We also use it 10 discuss experiences in our lives and recently completed actions. I #. Go around moni1oring and prompting students. . Write these on the board. If needed. ~- 5 Speaking skills Divide tho class into grou ps of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise 5.e in Rio since 1985. move your hand in an upward arc or downward arc to illustrate the in tonation patt ern studen ts should be trying 10 produco. Ask students to listen for intonation patterns and trace the intonation arrows with their fingers as they hear the questions.- periect Common probktms and errors Mony languages use the simple present 10 refer to a situation thol slarled 01 a given point in the pas! and slill continues. and then ask a few volunteers to report b.t ·· ~ Quick grammar 2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. but olso listen and toke notes.

ever had an accident while talking on a cell phone? 3 Do you think the government should also ban the use of cell phones in public places? \Ii' Taiiz and D rive: the facts Resear ch shoWS tha t : .. b Listen to the interview with Mr. ask and answer the q uestions in Exercise 4c. shou ld the government ban it? 2 Do you talk on the phone whi le you drive? Have you. . read the fac t sheet below and try to fill in the blanks with these fi gufCs: 2.. 4 times greater if .. d In groups. 4. 50. and for 1 . or since if necessary. 1 Do you have a cellphone? 2 How long have you had your cell phone? 3 Do you ever send text messages? 4 -.... a police representative. k of having an aCCident IS _ 1 the n s . Listen to the questions and repeat them. t h east ten mlllUles t IS mornmg I S . In yesi llo questions the voice usually goes . S . 4 ~:S . The cellphone revolution(fegai'D/ llas begun in tho 1970s. 85 percent. ban against the use 0 ce 5 ~erells a 2 state(s) in the U.----- ....' U hone.. In wh-queslions the voice usually goes down...(fave ) ~ exi ed or since 1963.used cell phones for ~ ~ -w since the late 1970s. 3 In 2003 .. 1 11 Have you sent a lext message today? .. the British have banned /~he use of cell phones while driving.E'a Listen to the intonation in theso questions. Is " ta lk and drive" a danger in your country? Has your government introduccd laws about it? If not. 6 Peopl4 a ve IIse?J IIsed cellphone® since about 25 years now. or has anyone you know. How many peop le in the class said yes to each "a" question? 5 Speaking skills 1 3 Listening skills a You are going to listen to an interview with Mike Wilson.. h banned using a ceU one p 50 countries ave 3 aroun d ----while driving.2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect.. b Who did you send ii1'o'? 2 a Have you paid a cell phone bill recently? 3 a Have you ever felt irritated by-~-cell phones? b How much did you pay? - .. discuss these questions. 85. Answer the questions.. tn on y _ RU connected? Unil3 .. dollars for p . 1.' .000. e use since with a period of time I~ ~ b tile past. h· S . c b Do we use since or for with these time expressions? S F S F Thanksgiving two years last night 25 years F .. . b When did th is happen? 4 ~ . S my last bIrthday 1995 c Choose the simple past or present perfect. h dn Vlng IS . commercia l ce llphone.. 1 What tense is the verb in each sentence? jJresent perfect 2 Is the action or situation in each sentence fin ished? no 3 Which sentence focuse s on a sit uation up 10 now? cellphones have been a ro und ...-i "' dco 7. Before you listen.000 4 drivers in Poland can r~cedtv~ ~ h ..-. --~=~a Is you r cellphone on now? b Why? I Why not? --... Who do you normally text? - ---. . Wi lson and check your answers.!!IL. Mark the correct intonation on these examples . onlO f llphones while driving .. g whIle n vtng. Complete the rules about question intonation bolow.iP'.. about the dangers of talking on a cell phone while driving. fine of up to 1.. 4 Choose the correct words: We use fo r With€·o. 5 Phone ave aever ha never hCld so many feat ufCs as ey 0 a ay. _ 2 T (l apanes~-ve-u .~ a poiat in the past. since and for 4 Pronunciation skills: quest ion intonation a Look at the parts in italic of the first two sentences in the article. In groups. the driver IS usmg a ce p their cellphone while 2 the number of drivers who use .

you? a) I've never been online. I could be missing something. work out your partner's score and read the analysis. hours looking online. I've never spoken to a stranger online. you or your partner? Look at page 149.. I don't use the Intemet th. c) in real life but I've lost touch with a lot of friends since I started surfing the Net.. I might spend a couple of b) online. In fact. Are you addicted to the Internet? 1 Which of these is closest to your morning routine? a) I always log on at home. and social lives.... but we still haven't met face-toface. So how about you? 00 you have your Internet use under control? Take this quiz and find out. If I need to find some a) in real life. T 4 Have you ever met anyone over the Internet? a) Yes.. Many people are spending longer amounts of time online. 6 Which of these descriptions is closest to . It's too dangerous. and in some cases this has had a negative effect on their work. I'd never buy anything over the Net . I've started dating one of them. 5 How often have you spent three hours or b) I get to work early so I can have some more on the Net? time alone to surf the Net and chat. I even buy my groceries online.it's simply not safe! bJ I haven't been in a real store in over a year..some research. '- Unit3 RU connected? .to check my e-mail or to do .. c) I've never tried e-shopping but I think it's a good idea . but it doesn 't affect my life. c) Only occasionally. Do you agree? 6 7 8 9 10 Internet addict or Internet phobe?.. c) No problem... but for practical purposes . lots of people. I have an Internet phobia. of course.. I can always go online tomorrow.. 7 How do you feel if you haven't checked yo' e-mail or been in a chat room one day? '---"" a) Not good . I don't have access to the Intemet. often anyway. won'b) Regularly! I usually spend at least two hours a day surfing. c) I go online most da~.. t hardly spend any time on the c) I only log on when I need the Internet for Intemet. I use the Internet. c) No. I realize an hour has passed and I am late for wo~ again. 1 Have you ever surfed for more than three hours online? When? Why? 2 Has your computer ever gotten a virus from the Internet? When? What happened? 3 Have you ever taken part in a chat room? Who did you "chat" wi th? What abo ut? 4 Have you ever downloaded files from the Internet? What kind of files? 5 Have you ever sent an attachment? What did it contain? Do you receive a lot of attachments? What are they about? b Who is the most "connected" in the group? 1 Vocabulary: the Internet Match the words and phrases with lhe correct definitions. studies.. online " " ~ a spend time online looking through Web sites surf ~ b connected to the Internet a virus c a computer file sent with an e-mail message a chat room d information that you store under a particular name log onloff e move information from the Internet to a computer crash f disconnected from the Internet offline g start/finish using a computer system downloa h when a computer or program stops working suddenly a file a Web site people lise for exchanging messages an attachment a program that enters your computer and damages or destroys information 1 2 3 4 5 3 Reading skills a Do new developments in information technology affect your life? Which of these phrases best describes you? I'm an Internet addict.--. Who is more addicted to the Internet.. b) Yes.... a) Never... Is your answer still the same afterwards? b Ask your partner his or her answers to the qlliz. The Internet is rapidly replacing TV as the most popular form of home entertainment. Now take the quiz. note them down and discuss Ulem. 2 I have more friends . 3 Where do you do most of your shopping? a) In stores. b) I spend more and more time online andY don't see my friends very often. discuss these questions..Netizens Speaking skills a In groups. b) Okay. information.

After each question is read aloud.not on the phone or tnternet VocabukJry - Have students do the tasks in Exercise 3b . Ask stu dents to take the quiz indi vidually. ask volunteers from each group 10 come up and simulloneously write their lisls on the boordl. see (someone) directly I in the Hesh . using examples you think students would understand. After ooe minute ask 0 each group how mony words they thought of. students which phrase/s) describe them. Circulate among students. if they connot. with. hove students WOI'k in small groups to discuss their answers to rhe questions.oy being in a small. speak to. Examples: He was a drug addiel who bought his narcotics on the slreel. ask a student 10 explain the question or. quickl y Rsk for a show of hands from the class to see how many chose each phrase. Write the following phrases on the board: I'm addicted _ I'm obsessed _ using Ihe Inlernel I'm not inleresled_ I'm worried _ Ask students to tell you what the miSSing prepositions are Ithe answers in order: 10. If needed. and write notes. chocking for difficulties in understanding the tex t. lose touch with (friendsl '" not see. 2 Speaking skills Give students a few minutos to read the questions in Exercise 2a . oboun. At this point. You may also want to review the pronunciation of each of these words wi th students. in. hove a volunteer read aloud the questions to the whole claSS. Afterwards. working with the same partner as before. Then ask them to d iscuss the questions in groups of four to six. She has claustrophobia and does nol en. Write these definitions on the board if students are having trouble understanding the text that uses them. poraphrase the question yourself in terms students will more likely understand . Then ask Ask students to tal k to a parlner and find out their answers to lhe questions in Exercise 3a . Divide the closs into groups of lour. . having thom repeat after you. If the questions in exercise 2a seem difficult for learners. RU connected? T 28 Unit3 . crowded room.Objectives Vocabulary the Inlernet Topic: the Internet Reading Writing writing a magazine quiz ·char Write Computers and the In/ernet on the board. There are a few words and phrases in the text thot you may wish to check. write new vocabulary on t ho board.Vocabulary lead-in 3 Readi ng ski lis Elicit the meaning of addictlsomeane who con't stop doing on activity) and phobia Iteatl. think about thoir answers. Introduce !he topk 1 Vocabu lary: th e Internet Ask students to work in pairs to match the words and defini tions. Teillhe groups thallhey hove one minute 1 write down all the words connected with this topic they (on thinl: of. Elicil their answers and write their list of words Ofllhe board lor if you prefer. or write to friends any longer dote (someane) '" arrange to meet someone that you are aHracted to meet (someone) face-to-face".

Write the following list either on the board or on individual cords Ihat you con hand out to pairs at random. Answers will vary. You could provide some 'framework' for the choning by giving each pair a lask to perform. address) with a stranger online? Why? Why nat? Unit 3 T 29 RU connected? . monitoring and h elping with idoas. Remind students to chock the Glossary fo r unfamil iar terms. set the scene by asking a few questions: In an online chat. what ore handles? What are the handles of the two people chatting? What are they clwtting about? Ask students 10 rewrite the chat in stondard English. Ask students if they can give you examples or lhe kind of abbreviations and language they use in their own language when texting or chatting online . Move aro und the room.Itemotive Additional acIIYIIy Hold a closs discussion on Internet safety. telephone number. -. Before asking students to read the chat in Exercise 4c in pairs.4 Writing skills Ask students to work with a different partner to discuss the questions in Exercise 4a. Ask students to work in pairs and foll ow the instructions in Exercises 4d and 4e. Ask Whot are some potential dangers of on online chot? Is it a good idea to share personal informah'on (name. Then ask students in pairs to match the techniques and examples in fu.:ercise 4b. invite your partner /0 0 party ask for help with homework ask about your partners weekend plans talk about football ask about your porlner's family ask about a topic of your choice Have each pair perform one of the above tasks when chaning.

::~2 :::::::=:--. 5 Write your handle and the next comment on the piece of paper you now have and pass it back to your partner. annoyed.) Try reading the dialogue aloud with a partner.:-:============~~~:::::::::::. GLOSSARY From: To: Angel with a halo says: how r u Dancing and singing sa ys: im good u Angel with a halo says: good 2 what u been up 2 Dancing and singing says: not much . e Look at your cha\. (See Exercise 4b. Change anythi ng that you wanl to and then pass the paper to another pair.'V 4 Writing skills VVV V a in pairs. and chatters use d ifferent techniques to talk online. Can you understand it? (Usc the glossary to help you if necessary. then probably sleep in afternoon Angel with a halo says: 101 Dancing and singing says: n u Angel with a halo says: shopping! Dancing and singing says: (0_0) u shd be studying Angel with 0 halo soys: yeah 101 gotto go ttyl Dancing and singing says: yep bfn :) Angel with a halo says : cu 18r bye :* Emoticons :_0 = scared :( :: worried. Match the techniques on the left with the exam p les of chat. Can they understand your conversation? RU conne<:ted? Unit 3 . 2 Choose your "handle".-) = a wink :-< = sad Abbrevi ations cu lar : See you later. Chat is like a mixture of speaki ng and writing. 1nol much punctuation g~ 2 informallangU~~' :~===~. Use the glossary to help you and remember to use abbreviations and ellipsis.::::= c Read this chat between two friends . 6 Continue chatting untit you decide to stop .studying Angel with a halo soys: what 4 Dancing a nd singing says: exam in 2 weeks Angel with a halo says : :( Dancing and singing says: oh yeah! Btw u going 2 j's party fri Angel with a halo says: no gotta study :-< Doncing and singing says::( u looking forward 2 weekend? Angel with a ha lo says: sure what u doing? Doncing ond singing says: football gome sal..) 3 Write your handle and your fi rst comment._ 3 abbreviations 4 'bil C U ellips is (leaving out unnecessary words) ~ gonna buy a c diane can you come saturday d :-) (a smile) e have to go . 101 = laughing out loud ru ok= Are you ok? 2day = today cld = could. which they call ·'handles". 4 Pass the paper to your partner. 1 What do you know about chatting online? 2 Do you have any "online" friends? Have you ever wrillen to a stranger onli ne who has become a friend? b Chatters normally have n icknames.. answer these ques tions. no! (0_0) = shocked :* = a kiss .talk later f cool ! wicked! lSr 5 slang 6 emoticons -. or really thinking :-):: a smite . Follow these steps.-0'" Dh . 1 Find a piece of blank paper. shd = should Ie = I see I I understand btw "" By the way n U :: And you? bfn = Bye for nolV ttyl = Talk to you later '-- d You arc going to "chat" with your partner.

perhaps the most frantic time of day at the most hectic place in the busiest dry in the country. on Ihe street bOJ"o ~ people to talk to th ~LO.c 1 BilJ and Liz arc strc psycholnoi I . 0 do yo u talk lo? OUr SCi ence BIl'S. but they have already h eard m ou sands of stories like these. qUIckly. Who d o YOn b In OUr soc' lalk Jely we have a 101 of 0 peo I on . p eople do. d 2 Reading skills a Road the artic/e Summary. but it's unlikely to be something as original as their "Talk to me" project! GLOSSARY frant ic busy.Talk 1 Speaking skills a lnp' iscuss these si'uati 1 You 've just broken II . in their 20s. Liz and Bill. They still h aven't decided what to d o n ext. Liz Barry and Bill Wetzel have just settled into 5 two chairs against a wall.> em th erapeulic. 2 . use the be. is a good 30 time to Stop. have discovered mat talking is highly therapeutic for New Yorkers.col/Phones. Before them is a sign that reads. hurried hectic busy fu ll f d ' 0 actIVity ozens a la~e number ( one dozen . Barry and Wetzel figure that now. Amazingly. set up their sign and listened. A young woman with purple hair.12) > > RU connected? .". after a year. Dozens 10 of them. Y problems." Barry and Wetzel came to New York only a year ago. near tears. They have walked the streets and avenues. "TALK TO ME. in chal Pportunilics 10 to do you think tha t la':ket~~I~I~o~~lain Ihal 'hC~::IO~~~~ ~~I y Jsa 10 talk 1o Ihompisls. has recently broken up with her parm er. Ons. A middleaged man gives his 15 views on politics. els of New Y ork. . for the n ext two hours. J v: . She hasn't gotten over it yet and sh e wants to talk. .It is evening rush hour in the Times Square su bway station . Two 17year-Qld girls talk about their science class.0 s s workill g On the B. 20 in large white letters. ~~.Liz Barry NEWYORK (AP) .I/ and Liz talk I try 10 help them s~l~eobl~ all tlie streets and J BilJ and Liz e t Cu problems en courage . boYfriend/girlfriend P wah your 2 You are havin . Choose Uw best talk lo? au have m OIi C . Y leve it is tome "Taking a little time to talk to someone you've never met can change you Jorever. Who do yo u taU: to? class Wh 8 problems with y . " Taking a little rime 25 o ut from a busy schedule to talk to someone you've never met can change your wh ole outlook forever." Liz Barry says.

sure.. We've tried 1 explain. She's become an old friend. but some people still hoven" learned to just toll:. they think we're cops or researchers or weirdos or something . they say. Infefviewer So you think listening is on important . uh . they way they've grown up and settled down. start to feel happy again set up = put in position Vocabulary 13~------------------------------------------------------. you remember Estela. Bill. 2 Reading skills Ask students to read the article and choose the best summary. Interviewer So what have you learned from Talk to Me? Bill Well. Afler 45 minutes he said.. Interviewer Yeah. Answers will vary. "' could stand here and loll:. Uz And we've mode a lot of friends. that's right. "What are you doingr and I say. Introduce the topic Ask Is it easy for you fa talk to strangers? Why? Why nof? •• 1 Speaking skills Ask students to discuss the situation s and questions in Exercises 1a and lb in pairs.not yet.Objectives Grammar Topic: falking fa people Vocabulary verbs of talking Reading a newspaper article Ustening a discussion Speaking discussing problems adverbs used with the present perfect Write on the board folking to strangers. but we have been insulted by drunks. how do you get people to talk? Bill Well. to each other and to 0 listen. Bill No.eep doing this. we've already had a little hassle from the cops. settle into. we've learned a lot about the way people work. skill? Uz Yeah. For Exercise 4 on page 31 ~ tnterviewer So. Answer: Summary 3 The text contains a few phrasal verbs that you may wish to check. though that's all gone now. Interviewer One final question.asking for directions. Ihe oclor. she's been to see us three times already. In whol situations do we tolk 10 people we don't knoW? On the boord.y. the way they date. they might tell us to move on. RU connected? T 30 Unil3 . People don't understand us at first. Suggested list: starling a conversation with strangers 01 a party or in a club. "rm just being friendly"" and then we talk. buying something in a store. of course Uz Some people find It very difficult to listen. our shaes have even been stolenl Interviewer Really? Uz Yeah. Ask students. all day: Interviewer Have you ever had any hassle from the police? Uz Yeah. but we haven't had any serious problems . But there's a very nice lady we know who gives us a little money to I:. dealing with customers 01 work. we're very lucl:. build up a IIsl of their answers. really. Bill Yeah. How have you been able to do this financially? Bill Well. We hod same money to start with. so we manage. Remind students to check the Glossary fo r any unfamiliar vocabulary.. Yeah.: get comfortable in (a chair) break up = end 0 relationship get over". I simply ask them "how's your day?" tnterviewer And how do they react? Bill Well. thors right. asking for help on the street . Bill rye just spoken to a guy about how difficull it is to find work in New York. anyway.

what their partner communicated. Set up Exer cise 3d by modeling two or three sentences about yourself. Play the audio a second time for Exercise 4c. pretending to be two people arguing gossip = pretend to whisper in someone's ear. This is not intended to be a conversation between the two partners but rather Speaker A and Listener B. 5 Vocabulary: talk Ask students to try to explain the words in italics in Exerc ise Sa to each other first. and focus on understanding and rememhering what the speaker said. try miming the words ond having studenls guess. Ask the question in Exercise 4d to the whole class and elicit answers briefly. help students find and underline the adverbs. Go around the class and help. with the present perfect The two English words still and yet present a prablem as they are often expressed by only one word in other languages. Answers will vary. or say in their own words. Concentrate on the differences in form between the two words. Briefly go over the answers with the whole class. Then ask the groups to discuss the questions. Encourage the listeners to paraphrase. as in these examples: I have already done il. in the present perfect.Let students decide on their answers to the questions in Exercise 2b in pairs before discussing them as a class. Before asking students to do Exercise 2c in pairs. Ask students to check the things that have happened to Liz and Bill. ~I have finished. Encourage the listeners to keep quiet while their partners speak. the adverb may be ploced between have and the main verb or at the end of the sentence. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with the present perfect For Exercise 3a . do the first as an example: Ask students to find them in line 5. Unit 3 T 31 RU connected? . I ~ hove finished.it means "' expect this 1 happen in the fu ture: 0 Still is "negative" . Ask students to liston and compare their predicted answers to the actual answers. The oudioscript for Track 13 is on poge T30 Pi. is subtle: Yet is "positive" . Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise z d in small groups. Quick grammar guide: adverbs The key point is where the adverb goes in the sentence. and then ask them 10 read the questions in Exercise 4a and predict the answers. already) Which adverb can go between have and the past participle or at the end ofthe sentence? (recently) Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3b. Checking meaning As an alternative to translation. Typically. II's more fun! For example: complain = briefly oct out person complaining in Q store argument = move to and fro. and then look astounded Ask students to do Exercise sb in pairs. honds on hips. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. Point to the pictures on page 30 and ask Wha! are they doing? Why? Put students in pairs. The difference in use. Answers will vary. 4 Lead in Listening skills Set the scene by reminding students oboulliz and Bill. OR I have done if already. and then ask them these check questions to make sure they are clear about the form rules: Which word goes at the end of interrogative and negative sentences? (yet) Which adverb is only used in negative sentences? (still) Which adverbs go between have and the past participle? (just. Then ask students to write their own sentences and read them aloud to a new partner. Then point out that it is a pronoun that refers to the words Liz Bany Qlld Bill Wetzel in the previous line and that it is used because the writer does not want to repeat the people's names. Elicit feedback from the class to make sure students understand all the words.it means "This should have happened by now: Common problems and enors Students put the adverbs in the wrong position in the sentence.

.. she's stayed with us a few times recentlv . prepare to talk for exact ly one minute. 4 "['II feed tho dog bofore we go out. I still haveu 't found n joh.." up with her partner 2 They've had sorious problems with the police. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with th e present perfect a Find these adverbs in the article: just. already c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 34.!:!!!.iI's good to talk. What do they refer ~ c Listen agBin. Are you a good listener? Try this activity. Z I haven't . Then compare with a partner. 2 do (line 9) tnlk to them 5 these (line 20) stories J They've insultod someone who was drun k. ['ve already done it. 4 • 1 z How would people where you live react to "Talk to Me"? Would you stop and talk to Liz and Bill? Why? I Why not? If you did stop. what made you shout? 4 Do you know anyone who boasts a lot"! Who are they and why do you think they noed to boast? 5 How do you persuade people to agree w ith you? 6 Do you ever discuss problems with your parents? If so. and doesn't need to be repeated... Bill? All typos .. 4 Listening skills 1 What impression does the writer give of New a You are going to listen to an interview with Liz Yorl:: in the evening rush hour? It is very busy. I've J. why don'. finished cooking dinner and we're about to eaL 3 "Any luck with work?" "No. you? 7 Do you ever gOSSip? If so.teenagers. recenliy. 1 " Have you finished your homewerk ~?" "I haven't even started it ~ !" 2 1 can't talk now. what? Z Have you /rad an argument with anyone recently? What was it about? 3 Have you shouted at nnybody this week? If so.. New Yorkers are ramous fo r heing talkative. 1 I still haven't .coplo·s outlook . who with and when? b Good communication is not only about speaking. non-s top city 80 people nonna lly have no time to ta lk. In a big ci ty. and Bill. wi/hollt interrupting. Answer the questions." do next 5 They've made some fr iends . 5 How have you boon able to do Ihis fina ncially? 5 Do you think that Liz and Bill have gotten any benefits from their project? ~ b Listen to the interview and compare your answers with Liz and Dill's. (used only with negative scntences in the present perfect) still d The act ion or actions happened not long ago. Student A: Choose a topic from 1-7 above.. Life is stressfu l in a big ci ty . Note the way they are used and complete each sentence below with one of them.. Student B: Listen." talk to you? 4 Why have Liz and Bill encouraged people to 3 Have you had any trouble with the police? stop and talk to them? They believe that it can 4 What lessons has "Talk to Me" taught you? c h a nge I. there a re a lot of lone ly people. yet. Wh ich of these things have to? happened to Liz Bnd Dill? 1 them (line 5) and BJL it (line 17) breaking 1 They've spokcn to someone without a job .) Student A: How good a Iistenor was your partner? When you have fin ished. 4 I've already . .. perhaps before expected." 5 "Have you seen Mary at all?" "Mary? Yes. still. reverse your roles. RU connected? Unil3 . just b The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. 5 Vocabulary: talk a In groups." "It's okay. middle-aged men 1 How do you get peop le to talk? 3 How do we know that New Yorkers like talking? Z How do people react when you invite them to They have heard "thousands of stories. too. d Discuss these questions. recently e The action has happened. d Complete the sentences to make true statements about yourself. 3 them {line 10) people 6 it (line 30) what they 4 Someone has robbod them . 3 I've just . ." 6 They've made a lot of money. what kind of tbings do you talk about? If not. 1 Have you ever complained about anything? If so. . very soon before the moment of speaking. (used with questions and negatives) yet c The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. Student B talks for one minute. . . (You don't have to use exactly the sarno words. and tben repeat what Student A said. check the meaning of the expressions in italic." b Match the adverbs in Exorcise 3a with their meanings. Find these words in the article.~ '-- b Read the article again. what would you talk about? d Why do you think "Talk to Mo" is popular in New York? Suggested answers: New York is a busy. yet. Imagine you are Liz or Bill and answer 2 What type of people stop and talk to Liz and the interviewer's questions.. 5 I've recently . already. a The action happened in the immediate past.it is therapeutic. bu t listening. then discuss the questions.

The un ique address of a computer or a document on the Internet is called a URL A place on the Internet wherc you find information about a particular subject. G http ~/ www. or (j B http://www. I wish I knew more aboul Johnny Depp! I haven 'I read anything about him for ages.G . musicians. She always cheered me up with her jokes. from blues to rap. Questions that Int ernet users frequcntly ask are called FADs o http:)/www. political activists.updated each month -from the online magazine from Macmillan. anestapenglish_(om Here you will find listening activities . B.an excellent source of authentic English. mostly of the multiplechoice variety.humorlinks. How good is your Web vocabulary? Match the definitions below with the words in the box.bbe. b Read the Web gu ide on the right and recommend ono or more sites for the people below. organ ization.com / Hilarious site bringing together over 7. from American comedy to Australian cartoons. I wish she was here. You can listen to radio programs or select a range of special features . they're my favorite rock band and I wish I could find more of their music. including new vocabulary.ca. I failed my English test. 2 A software program that finds and dis plays pages from the Internet is a Web browser. I just bought the new CD by The Darkness.000 links to humor Of every kind.org/ NPR is an American radio network with an extensive audio archive . icon link FAQs Web guide toolbar Weh site Web browser search engi ne This week's Webguide~ A http :Lwww. 3 A con nection between one Internet file and anoth er is (I link 4 The row of small pictures on the screen that you click on 10 perform particular acti ons is tho Icoluor . scientists and writers. painters.npr. D I haven't done any studying for the reading comprehension test yet. "m E D c Unit 3 R conneded? U . Each story has a range of activities focusing on_ comprehension and vocabulary. E http :lJwww. c httgJJwww. 5 Tho long narrow line at the edge of the screen usod for movi ng information up. philosophers.bbc.liter!!nmet. A pago or document that you can read on a Web site is a Web paee . environment and adventure. ' Here you will see the funniest jokes and pictures from around the world.(a. is a Web site . If only I'd worked more on my listeningl I miss Pilar. 7 8 9 10 11 12 across the screen is the scroll bar . Over 50 news stories categorized under headings such as crime.1 Warm up a Tho World Wide Web has created a lot of weird and wonderfu l things. A.u kLmusi elJ iste n lots of online music from classical to jazz. A small pict ure on a computer screen that opens a program or performs an action is an icon A program that looks for information from many different Web pages is a search engjne .orz lennsf I F antastic site from CNN. home-page URL Web page scroll bar 1 Tho plnco on the Internet that appears first on your com puter is your home page. elc. cartoonists. down.ukLbbcfau rL audiainterviewsL Hundreds of faScinating interviews with famous people from every walk of life: actors. A page in a magazine that gives you information about Web si tes is a Web Kuide . bound to fail it.

. I wish / if only a lecture Ustening a lecture Speaking designing a Web site Ask students a few questions about the Web to introduce the topic. and then let them check with a partner before going through the answers as a class. using the verbs on the board and computer words from exercise l a. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing them with the whole class. cheer (someone) up 0: make someone happy I'm bound 10 . be used to doing. 0: Vocabulary irs almosl certain 10 happen 10 me exlensive == very large archive = collection or store hilarious = very funny RU connected? T 32 Unit 3 . CJ Pronunciation guide URl/jual'el1 scrotl Iskroull Write on the board: Click on Find Choose Search Extension activity Then tell students that you have switched your computer on and you ore on your home page. Ask students to give you instructions 10 find Ihe information you wonl.. Note the pronunciation: icon t alkonl FAQs fef el 'kjuzl t . When was the World Wide Web invented? How often do you use the Web? Whafdo you use it for? What is the most useful function of/he Web? 00 you have a home page? What's on if? Introduce the topic 1 Warm lip Ask students to match the words and definitions in Exercise la .. used to a Web guide do. You may wont to check some of the difficult vocabulary items from the text and review their pronunciation. Read a loud the quotations by the people in Exercise lb. but you wont to go on the World Wide Web to find out exactly how old the Earth is.Objectives Topic: the World Wide Web Writing Grammar Reading simple past. Then ask students to skim the web gu ide all page 32 to find useful sites for the speakers.

he/she has to ask the questions and make sure everybody contributes. Fourth. Now ore there any questions so for? Unit 3 T 33 RU connected? .. so you don'l wont to use 100 many different colors.il is his/her job 1 make notes of all decisions and 10 report the ideas to Ihe class. By navigati on. So. can the user tell what the Web site is about? You see. 7 Foll ow u p T hi s work s w ell as a homewor k task. Ask stud en ts to write d own an y ex tra point s men ti oned i n th e lecture to add 10 th e cl ass list on th e b oard. Students Band C = the "ideas" guys . . Today we're going to look at Web sites again. Also. With the Internet. and not too technical: and "I need to get the information I wont as quickly as possible. up-to-date conlent shows clearl y wha t is on Web site usable. I'm going to give you the basic points so you can go ahead and design a usable ond attractive Web site. ask yourself the following five questions: First of all. T h en h ave th e class vote on th e b es t Web site. but from the point of view of the user. I~ Okay.it is their job 10 think of interesting and unusual ideas_ Studenl D '" group secrelary . you want accurate. Second. Finally. and then go over the instruc ti on s in Exercise 2 with the cl ass. taking into aC(Qunt the needs of the surfer. Design includes clear text and good use of pictures. Repeat th e audio for Exerci se 5.with too many different secti ons ~ the page should look open. reliable. We'll assume thai you don't write garbage. how usable and transparent it is. and inviting. people need to know if the site is relevonlto them. up-to-date information. I mean how we move around the site from page to poge. A sk st ud ents to p rin t ou t their favo rite home p age. build up a list on the bo ard of features o f a good Web site. so I like Web sites that have very clear links ond site mops: Well. Now. lost week we looked at Web sites fram a designer's point of view. and links to other relevant pages. Group organization Before doing the lask give each person in the group 0 role: Student A == group leader ... 5 Compare Pl ay the aud i o for Exercise 5. the content: is the content rel iable? This is a key point because there·s a 101 of garbage out there in cyberspace. a site mop. Many people I've spoken to obout Web design soy things like. an d th en present i t to the class i n a fu lure lesson. the site should be as free as possible of odverti sing ~ this is another form of garbage that the user doesn't want to see popping up atl the time and gening in the way of the information you real ly need. Ask stud en ts 10 com p l ete th e Jist i n Exer cise 6a and th e table in Exer cise 6b . t T • 4 Feedbac k Ask one stud ent from each group to present thei r gro up's Web si te i deas . A n sw ers (extra points m enti oned on audio) reliabl e. T h ro ugh out Exer cise 4. so the site should indicate very carefully and clearly exactly what is there_ The third point has to do with navigoti on. accessible. if you wont your Web site to be easy to use.. incl udi ng ani m ated pop-u ps \? @ t t . what about design? Are colors used to good effect? You often find colors make it more difficult to follow the site map. but don·t use too many pictures or the download time will be too slow. let"s begin. trans p aren t navi gati on uncl uttere d d esign wit h clear text and good u se o f p ictures n ot to o m an y c ol ors or 100 many pic tures free of adverti sing.2 Task D iv i de stud ents into groups of four. n a. A sk students 10 listen and say w hat points fro m exerci se 4c are m en t ion ed. 6 Not ice Play th e audi o fo r exercise 5 again . tmpartant navigation features are the toolbor. so you don't gel lost and waste time trying to work out where to go nex\. in this talk. 0 3 Prepare En courage each grou p to m ak e revi si on s to th ei r home page after comparing it to th e h ome page i n th e unit. but even good content can be unreliable because it con go out of dole very quickly. You want a fast download time. and you easily get lost or waste time. "I wish Web sites were simple and easy to follow. the page shouldn't be cluttered .

Do you wan t to make any revisions to your Web site? 3 7 Follow up 4 Feedback a Present your idea for the Web site to the class and explain your home page. Which points and then design the home page.~~ . vote on the best Web site. photos... List the main points about your Web site.design the home page! b Notice how the speaker identifies the good points in Web sites..". Fourth . trarll>pareut Navigation covered by this site. Can you add any other not cluttored . Web site . sito for your class. You will need to site should have." WOfy . etc. tips for mentions which are not on your class list. 10 I!ASA + For Students FIND IT C NASA ' + AO'IANCED SEAJICIl _ 1:: . Complete the table with positive Prepare adiectives and phrases about good Web design. finally.03. points? Design accessible. b Present it to the res t of the class.... .04 l atest on Genesis Probe + Read More . clear c Now go back to your list of poin ts. ~ a Listen again..09.04 Station Crew to Join Far.. up-ta-dato Content of this page...~ h Look at the home page from a Web site at the top Yet.. SAY 501 Rofgl.09.. In your groups.09. important things a good Web site should have. favorite Web si tes and make a list of the five most First of all. music.Out Powwow + Read More + Read More + Photo Gallery 09. . and links. and your group will have to c Make a class list of the features that a good Web design tho home page of the site. Make notes on what is good about it and what could be improved. inviting. Check how many of your poin ts are usable. The third point . RU connected? . 5 Put your ideas into action .01..04 KSC Cleans Up After Frances 09. rest of the class. a Choose a home page from a site you like and print it out. on your list from Exercise 4c does the speaker 1 Who is the Web sile for? What are their interests? mention? 2 What "'ill the Web site contain? (Articles on ~ b Listen again and add any points the speaker things such as sports.NA TIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMI NISTRATIO N + ABOlTT NASA -+ For Kids + NEWS & EVEHTS + MUlnM~DIA -+ POPUlAR TOPICS IF IT'S NOT SAFE. science. discuss these points @ a Listen to a lecture on Web desig n .09. a You are going to report your group's ideas to the Listen to the lecture again if necessary. present the concept of tho Web site and the home page to the class and they will vote on the one they 5 Co mpare like the most.'0 . learning Engl ish: help with homework?) 3 What will appear on the home page? Think about 6 Noti ce text. View Video EXPlORIPlG lliE UNIVERSE 09. opon..04 Cassini t=inds New 2 Task You are going to enter a competition to create a Web b As a class. How does the speaker list her 4 What makes a good Web site? Think of your points? Complete this list. . Second . -"-<' .olLe accurate.04 Station Spacewa lk Successful 09. HUMANS IN SPACf .

..to state how k)ng an action has been in progress. I've aJroody fed the cat (so you don'. "--' Okay.. u. and add more words of your own. He's just went out. gNetl...Jd I discuss my amuar-' raise with yoo Icx:iay? 1 I gave Sam alilhe reasons why he should come with us on vacatior. Fann We form the present per1ecl with the auxiliary verb have + a past participle. Jack works for Ford • Experiences that we have had in our lives (at an unspecifIed time) and that we may have again: I've been to Chile. bought. •• .LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect \ Five of these sentences are incorrect. . tI To tal< about actions or states n the past but thai have some effect in the present. With this use of the present perfect.. discuss discuss something (with wmeone) Co. 100. . ror two years. usually with a specifIC time reference. e... He's j ust gon e out.. • Actions Of stales that began in the past but thai are contn. Note: In informal American English.to state. the sentences using a word from the table. . 2 Adverbs used with the present perfect just .. used for a particular point n time I haven't seen Simon since Monday. No.. beErI. she hasn't bought a used car.ment with iT'" someone about something brother about his friend~ ~ persuade " " '. 8 We've been to a concert in the new auditoriun... we've been 1(' one last week. yoo'vs persuaded me to come this Karen gossips about everyt>ody so don't tetl her any secrets! someone to do SCltTlElt!Ylg gossip about someone evennr' '--' gossip ge"". 6 Fran neyer went skiing but she hopes to go next year. I p ersuaded Sam to come with u s on va cation :--' 2 We disagreed strongly about politics. I haVen't called her yet because the phone isn't working/ s till . We had an argument about pol i tics. tI «I 5 We haven't been to a good party since two years. v... recently . we're have an arglJ'TlElflt with I had an 8rg.. We tOOk an amazing cruise down the Pacific coast.. done.. about th e hotel room.... • Recent actions or actions that we expect to do: I'vEI just had some coffee (a few nToutes ago).-l> 3 Have you seen the new James Bond film stilt? James Bond film yo>t? 4 Louisa has recently made a lOt 01 new friends... PAST 1975 PRESENT tI Jack Slant W()(king for Ford.y.... and check th E" meanings in Lessons 2 and 4 1 a dictionary if you need to. We've just cJeaned the catpet.for actions completed earlier than expected I've already flf'lished aI the questOOs..to say somethlng has happened n the recent past I've been to the movies 8 101 recent. too. I wetJI there last year.to ask whether an action has been done (Y to sat that an expected actiOn has not been done (question and negative form 00y) Have )OU called your mother yet? No. link FAo. 3 I told everyone in the room about how I won the competition.for very recent actiorls complain about someone We complained about t. I ahJady fed the cat. but I've never been to Argentina.'A tool bar Iile <= homepage chat roo m go OIlIineloffii oe surr web p age download "--' v irus log on I log 01T I just had some coffee. in the simple past tense: I've been to Chile.to ask atxxJt experieoces that have happened at least once up to now (question form onty) Have you ever been fa London? for . Pfease take your shoes off. and he agreed.nan a continuing action started. more information. womod..g... Vocabulary Summary 1 IT and Internet words Look at the IT words and expressions in the box.. the sinpIe past is often used n sentences >Mthjust and aIra:Kfy: J attachment icon link FAOs Web guide loolbar Web site Web bro~ search engine homepage chat room crash download file go online 1 offline log on 1 log off scroll bar surf virus Web page Computers The Internet ~ Both <>a. Whi ch word from the table describes the situations below? Rewrr. Affirmative: "ve been bought 8 car. I haven 't 2 Words connected with talking Look at th e meaning o f these words in Lesson 31 a dictionary. We haven't met Anna 's new boyfriend yet (but we expect to). Can I go naN? yet . need to do it). used for periods of time We've had these dogs for five years. write them into the correct column in the table.. web guide web site web browser search engine scroll bar to New York twice. ever . Th en . Unil3 RU connecled? . Word or phrase Useful phrases complain have an argument shout at boast Example been there.. we often go on to add ~.ing in the p-esent: Jack has worked for Ford since 1975. already . Check the correct sentences and correct the wrong ones._ 1 persuade someone that shout at someone boast about something (to someone) Don't shout at the call Simon's always boasting about his expensive sports car. The errors can be in the present perfect itself or in the use of the adverb.. or something meal to the manager. My sister has just Question: Have you ever been to New Itlrlc? Has she bought a used car? Negative: No. since . 7 Kevin and Jackie have just had their third child.. In fact.. I boasted ahout huw I won the competition .. w e went to one last w eek . Fran has I never been .. 4 Did Amanda tell you all about Mary's new boyfriend? Did Amanda gossip about Mary's n ew bo yfri end? 5 Iwas unhappy about the hotel room and I told the manager. 2 Don't wait for Janes.to sat that an actoo has not been done...ten we expect it to be done (negative form oriy) We sill hav&l't heard from our daughter il AusttaJia. 1 The President has never been overseas.

..an.l cWftad/.a!e a<m"". If it isn't.. b Discuss your answers w ith your class or group. 2 undisciplined 3 replacement 4 unhappiness un . 1 Write as many quesHons as you can about the nonsense words cratty and choodle. He refuses to buy a cell phone and won't use the copy machine.an 7 ~ wi my fuw m dest&Yl1Pon. I immediately look it up ~<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan from Unit 2: Making key pals In pairs..). the meaning.ud. so it's a tool for cutting down trees.. I ask myself if the word is important in order to understand the text.r enCe:red /:he. and it's a tool.. use the context to guess the meaning of the words in italic. ~ :sr~that her bOss sa estruetio workers. and title. RU connected? Unit3 .r th. 1 Note the page reference. !:. "ltdL the I:e:xl. the noun made of three parts: prefix root disagreement is suffix ~~~ 1 The prefix dis.1im< ¥ . 3 The suffix -ment indicates that the word is a noun...errnan Ms= 'Whd lund q: chaxiIe.e_n k_:' M 2 The word agree is the base word or root.. J cd-ml} pd up ""iI hand and <n [nglsh askd ~ -new teaJ:hey.. I ignore it and carry on. 1 If I don'. For example. ccmp!eJ:e kgtn-ney and /lad fuui 1 ku."i! aImt Ik 2 ~""'"9 f=m .Z C> Z 01:: Figuring out meaning 1 Dealing with new words when reading a Read these strategies and check the ones that you have used when reading. 1 Careful reference /<§i&encW is€sent~/ essentially in a research paper. "The »O"»u2n h. TiS:hJe:. like a knife.. etc. ?!74uer fl!l!t nach 1& ilM".. 4 Applying what you've looked at a Read this text and decide which underlined words or phrases are important to understand the text. important new you learn from the reading texts. 3 What kind of word is cratty? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence. out and their meanings.3 ..a1he.se4 high!¢< allik ~-11" <M nd 7M 1m "»as 5 /umcti. n felt salisfied critical her wo .e !uui ?Ole ~. I stop reading because the text is too high for my level. verb. and adjectives to create the opposite. b You can also use word formation to discover what a word means.uuh alL r.d m en t n ess able Ull . talk about your action plan from page 25.. disagreement: ::J >- o o Prefix Root 1 misunderstanding mi s under stan d discipline p l ace h app y cycl e Suffix in s 0. Jane.s J? 2 What kind of word is chood/e? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence. > L. 2 First of all.. etc. Did yCXJ search for information on key pals? Have you made a key pal? In pairs. rfly Jir1c . ~ in a dictiOnary or ask my teacher.n. to discover what it means. look at the sentence and answer the questions.. The cratty choodle departed on time for a change.J was a!mud a.dpfu1ty s. f<.he I:J1e afon. 0 u appines is a quality that we don·t all misfortune to enjoy. »a.is used with some verbs. meaning."""Y ""iI h-r1c fo-maL f=m. a k1t of destrue Unemployed is causing 4 Hey. 4 I try to figure Qut the meaning from the context. 3 If there are a lot of words or phrases I don't know. can I pick. . 1 The man used a sharp ax to chop the tree down. Then try to guess more or less what the important words or phrases mean. 2 Ust phrases. 2 Happy / have t 3 critici~ We know it's sharp.sm:m... b Discuss your answers with the ctass...ded fJU1 a ~y a'Yl:u:le awi f. new words. 3 Using structural clues to figure out meaning a You can also use information about the type of word (adjective.U 5 recyclable 2 Using contextual clues to figure out m eaning In pairs. type of text. noun.. In pairs.. usually negative. 4 The earthquake wa SIron strongly enough to 3 Pete's a real technophobe. c:tu. .w. ~7-l'ea.s aL-ways Ie as ""II as /k5l' flf . fiau. ~ .wnung JlA. Discuss the c lues you used to discover .e:dUes m '!5fI $. your brains for half an hour or so? de"". Use a dictionary if necessary.U o c Choose the correct word in italic. nouns. you figured Note: You will need to show these notes to a dassmate at the end of Unit 4.r.snt1. ACTION PLAN [> out the meaning of new words Your action plan: figuring words During your next few English lessons make a list of arr.I:!.g:so. 3 Write a short explanation of how you figured out the meaning. I reach for the dictionary.i /k. 2 Every time I come across a new word. Tis:hJe:..J L.. analyze these words in the same way as complete the table and say what they all mean.qr. know something. I have to give this presentation next week and I know that you're really goocI at that kind of thing.

ing verb and the verb in parentheses. 5 Are you used 10 Ij Y in ~ • e Match the problems with the wishes and regrets. Z I've studied English since I was s ix and I still make mistakes. If only I bad fin ished my major. 1 I don'l play soccer any more. S Have you ever taken part in a chat room? d Complete these sentences with the correct fonn of used 1o or be used to + . . 1 I left collage early without a degree. ( ) I wish I hadn't insulted her in fro nt of the other e mp lo~. new car. 3 I've worked here for a long time and don 't want to leave . My Hom etown. since for just already yet ever recently 1 I don'. 4 I at u early and write for a couple of hours and the~ usua y go I'm usuaJJ oing fo r II walk. want to see that movie again -I've already seen it six times. I wish I hadn't gone out to restaurants every evening. please? 3 I didn't use to like (not/like) gardening when I was young but now I lovo it! (you/play) with toy trains when you were a kid? Did you use to play (you/live) in the country now? It's so quiel compared to tho town you moved from. 4 I have to do two jobs to make enough 10 survive. s ex weeken d I go / birthday party. If only I didn't have to work so bard. Write the corroct form below. 3 My boss fired me. used to play (play) but I'm too old and slow now.a Choose the correct tense. I 2 I am not used 10 working (not/work) with music on. simple present or present progressive. Could you turn it off. S We broke down on the highway and had to call for help. 3 moved Mve Icmt 1 have traveled 4 b as lived 2 m et 5 have had c Complete these sentences with five of the adverbs from the box. 1 Water is boiling ~t 100 degrees Celsius. 2 I've gained a couple of kilos during this vacation. 4 Have you finished that assignment yet ? We have to hand it in tomorrow. ' /11 goin 0 m y grand father's 75th b There are six mistakes with the simple past and present perfc<:t in the essay on the right. Look at the example and underline the remaining mistakes. ~ 3 I'm only in California for a year or so ~ taldnBY 1 take a postgraduate course at UCLA.I'm used to working here. 2 I live a lone back home but right now I share IEsharj~n apartment with my sister. a b c d e U only 1 had the money to buy 8.

. but life is really hard but also the interest and I can't afford that. But I'd like ~bou~ my last boss. q.a lot of money recently and I needed some acMce from my loan officer. don't only repay the loan The Ideal Boss ~me. a. b. a". no! So what h<'lppens to your computer? John Well. ". You can 5 download them onto your computer. [ used olle and it worked. . every time I try to go 3 online . P y and Created a SPlCit. We all respected ffi' . we were 4 COOperative. She w: ~e~:r~u re axed SOrt of person _ sh' c never seemed uptight or nervous and she always had time and '.. 3 Noth ing you say will persuade me to cross Niagara Falls on a bicycle! 4 Actors are well known for gossiping about each other . money. each other: we worked wdJ With a team and with h as her. Could you send me the details? Luke Sure. 3 ~dependent ' didn't k ' In our work .'ve ~ad a lot of bad managers in m y mcompetent. • persuade complain boast shout gossip disr."".y . ~ . Only five words or phrases are used. attract friend create relax cooperate respect real organize romance independence h Choose the correct word.. __ .. for everybody Sh a smile ... John Great. 2 friend l ~tmosPhere in the workplac! _ we all gan to see each other SOcially She en?Ouraged us all to be . 1 Eyes : bl<'lck/blue/brown/green 2 Wine: red/white/black/rose 3 Hair: blondlbrown/vellow/black 4 Meat: red/white/brown/dark . . cold. c. 1 Z 3 4 a a a a 5 a using @ pending lending ~aking owes b ends keep waste win b save ffi've c making ~ iSSing c aski ng d ?rrowing c borrows gives d guard c Jarn d gain Complete this dialogue by choosing the appropriate word or phrase from the box.inht now . but she couldn't hear me.. g Underline the odd word out.ussion argue 1 Our neighbors complained about the noise during Oill party last night.I get this message saying an error has occurred and the computer just switches itself off. spend everything I 5 . good to see you.sh er. apart from 2 . . or d. 2 I shouted as loudly as I could <'II Ihe child. I wonder if you can help me.. I haven '\ heen able to send any e-mails for days! Luke I know a very good 4 web site that provides really good anti-virus programs free. Luke r can try_ What's the problem? John r think I pir. I've been 1 . more money from the bank. aggressive. Complete the sentences with the correct form of five of the words in the box. whict11 really don't want to dO..f Complete this text with the adjective form of five of the words in the box. Toe fact is my salary IS JU low. yo. I -'oed her what my options were. ' yo. e managed to create a pleasant.. . Of course._--_. 5 Have you heard? Joe and Helen had an enormous argument and aren't talking to each other anymore. some ..I have so many obligations nowadays that I right now. right away. download attachment file crash toolbar viru:. I try to be optimistic.. I Wef1t to the bank for advice the other day.ked lip a 1 virus when I was surfing the 2 Net Luke Oh . connection Net Web sile scroll bar home page log on online John Hey. to fill in the blanks..e was not only experienced e Clent. It's difficult for me to 4 •.they love to talk about other stars' secret lives. ay. whe!1 a bank 3 .she were fi eep telling us what to do _ we ree to work on our Own A result. and I. and 5 organized b ' communicated a enl ' ut she great te'm .

Which one wou ld you talk to? Wh y? b Read the article quickly.~i 1 _ . Did you choose the person that the wri ter suggests is the most attractive? GLOSSARY a uribule ]lOslurc A positive foature of someone or something the way we hold our bodies as pire desire ilnd work toward something Unil 4 Together . The four people in the article below are a lso at the party and are not talking to anyone right now. -_ • 1 Reading skills a Imagine that you are at a party.

I can give you a lift oock if you like. rve just come bock from Coracas a wow. yeah. Set a time limit affive minutes. A Hi.. when you come on your own. a Yeah. I'm a flight anendanl. we do I suppose. sure. B Don't worry. I know Dove from way bock . Whal a pain! a Well. me. A Oh. Uh . a You like salsa? A love it. that's rea lly nice of you.we were in school together. I've never been to Michigan. a Me too. nice to meet you. A Wow. A Really? You've kept in touch? a Yeah. F minutes on Ihe bus to get ifty here.. A Well. what do you do? B I'm 0 research biologist A Wow. a Yeah. Point oul the Glossary. thanks. - C Lauro. A That's true.. I'm flying to Paris on Saturday. being a biologist? B Irs okay. "~--------------------------------------------------------------. well. A Really? ThaI's interesting. A Oh. by a Okay. a Okay. A Oh. so do I. Come along some other time. are you Iddding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. I oought it in Milan. A Where are you from? B Michigan.sorry. A Hi there. I suppose.we're seeing a play at Ihe theater. I have my car here. Do you mind . How interesting! What exactty do you do? A Oh. we do. look I'm actually waiting for someane. irs great I've met some rea lly interesting people. it is. . B Yes. rm from New York lpause) So. a Oh. we're going to try and go every week if it's good. How do you know Angie and Dove.. Yes.. I'm meeting some friends on Saturday . right? B Yeah. We went to a fantastic salsa dub there. recognizing and simple present) expressing interest Ustening a conversation Speaking discussing intentions Ask students What do you do fa make a good first impression when you meet people for the first time? Write students' suggestions on the board and add (or elicit) the following: smiling looking cool listening folking a 101 being funny Introduce the topic asking questions 1 Reading skills Set up the prediction task. yeah. Caracas . A Nice shirt Did you get it here? B Heavens. on the other side of town. A Hey! Sa do II B So you're in the Iravel industry. I know. what do you do? B I'm a research biologist. since we live near each other. it's okay. maybe some other time then. Are you enjoying the party? B Hello. I bet you realty get to make some interesting discoveries. In fact. A I mean. and the flight leaves very early in the morning . iI's not so difficult when you're in the some town. delighted to meet you. George B Yeah. nothing exciting a Nothing exc~ing.sounds great A Yeah. look I'll give you my number . no. I think Fli go get another drink. ThaI's fascinating. B Hi. and then ask students tu read the text quickly and answer the question in Exercise 1b. near the airport. right so you're in the travel industry. a Is it? A Do you like it. okay. then? A Angie and 1worK together. How interesting. A That's tru e. lpause). A Where ore you from? B Michigan. I'm going to try that new salsa club on Friday. I'm a flight attendant. maybe.we were in school log ether.. I know Dove from way oock . See you later. welt. but irs a lillie difficult you know. too. ThaI's fasc inating. no. Do you live near here? a Well. What exactly do you do? A Oh. present progressive. I mean.sounds great. but actually I'm staying with my friend Rachelthat's her in the black dress O\lef there. A Hi. A Yeah. it was really fascinating. A Well. I'm Rachel. this is Jane. A I'd kwe to. A Really? That's interesting. A Yeah. A Good party. Caracas .Objectives Topic: attraction and communication Pronunciation Reading a scientific article Grammar future plans and intentions intonation: (going to. I've just come back from Caracas. I'm sorry. the way. 15 For Exercise 2a on page 39 !ioI A Hello there. I've never been to Michigan. I'm from New York. Do you travel a lot? B Yes.. look .. Jane. Together T 38 Unit 4 . nothing exciting B Nothing exciting. ore you kidding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. Why don't you come along? What are you doing on Friday? A Oh. do you work with Dove? a No. maybe we could gel together one evening? How aoout Saturday? A Oh. She lives on the next block. sure. lpause) A Well. A Nice to meet you. on the other side of town. 50. B Wow. okay. I think the JXlrly's great. B Yeoh. rm George. Irs from Italy. laura. it was really fasc inating. Are you enjoying the party? A Yeah. A Yeah . A Really? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. I am. near the airport A Hey. irs not so diflicull when you're in the some town. Are you having a good time? B Well.' For Exercise 2c on page 39 !II A Do you work with Dove? B No. no. Do you live near here? B Well.

so do I How interesting! Nothing exciting. Conversely. and they seem to like each other and are making friends. You may need to play and pause the recording to allow students to wri1c their answers. Going to is used to emphasize the intention rather than the plan or a rrangement . review the ru les for expressing intentions. As they listen.it is only used for impersonal.Ask studen ts to co mpare their notes from Exercise lc with a partn er. he uses a flat intonation . Students should be using present progressive fo r fixed arrangements and going to for intontions. exaggerating tho di ffe rences in pilch. 2 Listening skills If you wish. 4 Grammar review and extension: future plans. plans. the more interested people sound. In 2. 3 Pronunciation : intonation Quick pronunciation guide The "flatter" the intonation. Realty? Thafs interesting. the more "exaggerated" the intonation.sounds great. as needed. to copy the intonation pall crns they hear. Thofs foscinating. it is important to get students to reolly exaggerate when repealing the "interested" intonation patterns from the recording. the court is reserved. Quick grammar guide: future The present progressive is used to talk about personal plans and arrangements that have been ful ly planned and fina lized. Unil4 T 39 Together . and arrangements in the Grammar Summary on page 4G of the Student's Book. Play tho audio for Exercise 2c aga in. Answers will vary. and 4 . fThars my de<ision. Monitor students and listen for common mistakes. I fJI9y tennis tomorrow afternoon. Then put them in pairs to discuss their plans. Hey. Play the audio fo r Exercise 2a . 1 3. Ask st udents to complete the conversations. the man sounds very bored. I'm ploying tennis tomorrow. Answers will vary. Play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and repeat line by line.0 and a ppears to be wai ting for someone and wants the other person to go away. Ask student s to listen and match the conversat ions wi th the people. Answers: In 1.ld thi s again as homework. the more bored people sound . scheduled events. with a slight difference of implied meoning. Ihe simple present is nolo common future form .! Common PfOb'ems and errors Students m(f. The difference is subtle and often either fo rm can be used in any situation. the "other" person gives up and goes away. ore you kidding? Wow. 3 . Caracos . The audioscripts for Track 1 5 and Track 16 are on page T38 ~ 171-------------------------------------------------------------Really? Thors true.1 I'm going to play tennis tomorrow. In conversation 2. Answers: In conversations 1. they make friends and arrange to meet.it is the decision you have mode. both women sound interested: their intonation has more high and low tones. Tho woman sounds bored because of her flat intonation: she does not seem interested in the man. Wow. no one can stop me. Because English tends to use a wide intonation pattern. or assign students to Tei. inten tions. Play the aud io again. Pause after each conversat ion to elicit studen ts' illlswers. Ask students to listen for answers to tho questions in Exercise lb. first ask students to predict what they thin k the people in the pict u res might say in each conversation. Ask stud~nt s to discuss Exercise l d in pairs. and then have student s roport briefly to the class. ask students to say who sou nds interested or bored. UI is arranged. In English. and arrangements If students need help wit h Exercise 4. Play tho aud io for Exercise 2e. t\it 5 Speaki ng skill s Have students work individually to plan fo r one o f the si tUlI\ions. the man sounds interested .j overuse the simple ptesentto lalk about personal arraogements.

I know Dave from way back .) \-Ve are playing in the soccer fina l on Saturday. (The people in the pict ures are the second speaker in each conversation. .) Her fli ght leaves at 7:30 in the morning. are you kidding ? I bet you get to see some in teresti ng places . . 2 The fli ght leaves very early in the morning. near the airport. 3 her parents I take her / airport (Th is is their intention. F 3 My train arri ves at six on Wed nesday. How interesting . Wow.c Make notes of what the writer says about the four people in the pictures. talk abou t the si tuations and what you in tend to do. yeah. A Yeah. 6 game I start I 3:00 / afternoon (This is the scheduled time. Remember to show interest in what your partner says ! I'm going to a party on Satllrday. clothes. 5 we I play I ill I soccer final I Saturday (It's in the program.. travel) and your preparations (e._ ~ b Listen again and answer the questions. I'm a night attendant. Discuss the notes with your partner. We're sccing a play at the theater. Caracas Sounds great . You won't know anybody there. A ThaI's true .. ThaI's fascinating . using the correct form. 1 I'm meeting some fri ends on Saturday. B Nothing exciting. it's not so difficult when you're in the same town. . I suppose. 1 Are you enjoying tho party? P 2 We're leaving for Paris noxt Monday. Make notes of your plans for tho situation (e. P c Read the information about the ways of express ing future plans and intentions on page 46 . conversation topics).g..g.) The game sta rts at 3:00 in the afternoon.) I'm going to stay at home and watch soccer on TV tonight. a Which tense/verb form is used in each example? 1 '" present progressive 2 '" simple present 3 going to + infinitive b Which example describes an intention. Match the conversations with the four people in Exercise la. 2 her fli ght I leave / 7:30 / morning (This is the scheduled time. 1 she / fly I Thailand I Saturday (She bas already bought the ticket. on the other side of town . A Rea lly ? You've kept in touch? B Yeah.) 1 person _ 4 _ 2 person _ 3 _ 3 person _ . So. Where did you moot? What do you think first attracted you to that person? 4 Grammar review and ex tension: future plans. b Which sentences describe the present and which What is tho outcome of each conversation? 2 Which conversa tion is the most successfu l? Why? 1 Listen 1 these short exchanges from the 0 conversations and complete them.) Her parents are going to take her to the airport.\. 5 Speaking skills a Choose one of the situations below. 4 1/ stay I home I watch soccer I TV tonight (But I could change my mind. times. and arrangements a Look at these examples and answer the questions. such as a schedule? 2 II:: 2 Listening skills ~ a Listen to four conversations at a party. I'm from New York.we were in school together. describe the future? Write P or F._ 4 person _ . You haven't met them before and you want to make a good impression. Really? That's interesting ? I've never been to Michigan. well. I've just come back from Caracas. F 4 I'm staying with my cousin in Chicago next weekend. Do you agree with th e writer? d Think of your best fri end or boyfriend/girlfriend. 3 A Where are you from? B Michigan. A Well. but you want to make some new friend s. no. 1 A Do you work with Dave? B No. 1'111 going to wear Together Uni14 3 Pron unciation: intonation ~ ~ listen to the exchanges again. F 5 Jeremy always arrives late for the class. what do you do? 8 I'm a research biologist. Who sounds interested? Who sounds bored? Why? mtonation shows how interested we are in a penon or a conversation. Listen and repeat the phrases that you wrote in the conversations above. we do. 3 I'm going to try that new salsa club. then write sentences from the prompts below. Do you live near here? 8 Well . 1 You're new in this town and you have been invited to a party on Saturday. b In pairs. nothing exciting. 5aluniOJi. it was really fascinating. A Hey! SodoJ ! 2 8 So you're in the travel industry. 2 Your hoyfrielld's/girlfrielld's parents have invited you for lunch.) 5k:s Illf"U 10 7ioa<knd on. What exactly do you do? A Oh.. not a plan? 3 c Which example describes a very definite plan. intenti ons. B Wow.

and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer [Q the first question is really quite si mple: marriage is no lo nge r the necessity it o nce was. UI IS first it will lead to the break-up of the eonditional family. b The institution of m ar riage has been based for years pa rtly on economic need. \Vhile the rate of divorce has risen. so they don 't feci that they need to stay in a failing marriage. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! c Find reasons for these facts in the article. the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much. Some futuri sts predict that in 100 will+verb years. such as heart problems. and will+verb extramarital affairs will be even more common than they arc now. so marriage is still quite popular. [) 2 The current trend and predictions for the future nrc for an increasing divorce rale. And it is also tr ue that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences. this is no lo nger the case.. In addition to this.these couples are effectively married. but they do not So is m arriage really an outdated institutio n? The fact that m ost people still get married indicates that it isn 't. d But what are the reasons for this. according to a spokesperson t for the N ational Family Association. is marriage benefi cial to men? d In pairs. 1 . 1 The statistics may give an unnecessaril y pessimistic impression of marriage and divorce. the ratc of divorce in the U nited States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now.Marriage: a dying institution? 1 Read ing skills s One in Iwo couples in th e United Slates get divorced. If •• · teen d connnucs. . tal k about successful marriages that you know. arc the statistks deceptive with regard to people stayi ng in fi rst marriages? 4 .... . But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs. the average American will marry at least four times. In fact. and the rate is increasing.. more than 50% of first marriages survive. 0 GLOSSARY flx tra marilal outside of marriage gloomy dnprcssing. pessimistic cohauit Iivl! together (as a couple) counterpart SOlIlIlo ne in tht! . many couples now cohabit and don 't bother to marry . the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. In answer to the second question. Why do you think people gct divorced? Are there as many di vorces in your country? b Read the art icle quickly. @j 3 A good marriage can bring a lot of benefits.. Women used to be economically de pe nde nt on their husbands as they usua lly didn' t have jobs outside the ho m e. 4 The increase in the divorce rate may be the result of changes in society. to+ver to get worse.. and married men generally consider themselves m o re contented than their single counterparts. is marriage not a necessity for women any longer? Z . C appear in either the marriage or divo rce statistics. Why . Match the paragraphs with the four brief summaries. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriges. What makes a good marriage? Couples have to lenrll 1 accept each other's differen ces. Going b and the evidence suggests it is going .~ame POSitiOll as another persoll Unit 4 Together . docs the number of cohabiting couples not affect the trend? 3 . [li} - !aJ THE STATE OF MARRIAGE TODAY • Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years..

Divide the class into two halves. Tell half A to work in groups of four to write a lis) of advantages of being single. first conditional Writing an Internet posting Speaking discussing family and marriage Write on the board Being single and Being married. Answers: 1 They are no longer economically dependent on their husbands. 4 Married men suffer less from stress and feel more contented. Remind them to check the Glossary.Tell half B to work in groups of four to write advantages of being married. Elicit students ' answers and write on the board some examples of the students' advice. life experiences Reading a social science article Grammar predicting the future: will. and then ask students to read the article quickly and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise lb.Objectives Topic: marriage and the family Vocabulary the extended family. Extromarllal affairs = relationships outside marriage Gloomy picture = negative view Economic need = need for financial support Pessimistic outlook = negative view of the future Outdated institution = sociallrodilion that is not modern and needs chonging Vocabulary Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise l d in pairs. You may wish to point them out to students. Introduce the topic Elicit two lists of advantages on the board. There ore a number of collocations in the text. going to. Together T 40 Unit 4 . 3 There is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise lc. Tell them to discuss the questions and look back at the article to research their answers . 2 Because they do not appear in marriage or divorce statistics. Set a short time limit (four minutes) to encourage students to skim the article. Which "hair hod the most adYonloges? 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. Allow one minute.

will is used to express 0 prediction thot is 0 personol opinion. Presentation altematiYe Ask students to read the Internet posting quickly. Tell them another student will read their work lator on. and thell ask st udents to write their own predictions and compare them in pa irs. Then invite students to rewrite them ond post them on the classroom wall so that students have on opportunity to read whot everybody has written. Common problems and errors A common persistent error is likely to be using the simple present for predidions. Additional actfvity Collect ond correct the postings and their replies. Unit 4 T 41 Together . ignoring the spoces. helping students with ideas and vocabu lary. If Peter doesn't come soon. Move around the class. Let students check in pairs before goi ng over the answers as a class. and thell ask them which forms they use. 3 Vocabulary: th e family Ask students to do Exercise 3a and 3b individually and thon compare with a partner before checking answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 46. Ask 0 basic question to help students understond the gist (or main ideo) of the article: Is the writer concerned about the family or not concerned? Give students a minute to ask th eir purtner's opinion in Exercise 4b. Quick grammar guide: predictions Going to expresses 0 prediction bosed on evidence now. form groups of four and ask the groups to follow the instructions in Exercise 4d. Put students in pairs and make sure they agree on which statement they are going to write about. helping students with any questions they have. Answers will vary. Put students in small groups to practice the vocabulary by discussing the questions in Exercise 3d. ask them to complete the paragraph in Exercise 2b with the correct verb forms. In troduce the activity in Exercise 4c carefully. After students have studied the rules on pago 46. he ~ the start of the film.2 Grammar: pred icting the future Help students find and underline the predict ions in the first paragraph of the article for Exercise 2a . •• 4 Writing skills Let students check their answers to Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing as a class. Move around the class. When students are ready. especially with conditionals. so thoy should write their "posting" legibly on a soparate piece of paper. Model the activity in Exercise 2c by providing one or two examples.

. In pairs. b. discuss the st<ltemcnts below a nd choose one that you are bot h interested in. single-parent families 4 In the future. then complete the paragraph below with the corroct form of the verbs. 1 Do any of the phrases in Exercise 3a describe you? Which ones? 2 Do you have any of the people in Exercise 3a in your family? Which ones? 3 How many of the actions in Exercise 3b have you do ne·t 4 Writing skills a Read the Internet posting <lbout the state of marriage and com plete it with words fro m Exerc ise 3..4 children. If the population cuntinues to fall. 3 Families where both parcnts work have sOllle Advantages. 4 Divorce is not necessarily bad for ch ildren. an d t he woma n has to brin g up the child ren totally o n he r own.or worse.!UL: child re n . c Check your answers in the Vocabu lary Summary on page 46. c You arc going to write a posting about a related topic. then write th em in the order in which we usually do these things in our lives. What has happened to t he 1 traditional fam ily. which of course leads to more cri me and u nemployment. Dno of the problems faced by the western world is its falling population. there 4 will be (be) fewer people in work. blolliea children famil y fat her half ffl-. where a couple has gotten 5 divorced ... exchange postings. with t he mothe r at home? It see ms tod ay t hat most child ren have 2 working mothers. The order of the stages most often is: e. i. discuss these q uestions. b Match the verbs and nouns..e. Compare your order with a partner. 3 in the fut ure. Couples need to produce an average of 2. I believe that these children will grow u p with terri ble problems.before they know whether their relationship is "right". It is n't rig ht .and these poo r child ren get totally confused. Then. Read out interesting messages to the class.. leaving t he children with only one parent at home . d .!1. the size of families d In sma ll groups. fat her. marriage . which can't be good for them . 1 People have children too young . pare nts a nd children. mothers stayed at home with their child ren. h Do you agree with the writer of Ihi s posting? Discuss the posting with a partner. In my day. c Complete these pred ictions in your own words. 2 If more people get divorced . governments 5 will raise (raise) less money in taxati on. Write a reply a nd "send" tJlO message back again. so they are left wit h strangers all day.ililJ:m. com pare your sentences. 3 will cause (cause) many problems in the future. of course.'Cide not to have children. 1 got a more chi ldren b married 2 got 3 got c a baby 4 go out with d engaged have a boy/girl 5 6 have f divorced . 4 If you have a sisler with a different falher or mother. she is your half sister . Then o f cou rse there are the 4 single-parent famil ies. but in many countries that has fallen to below two and 1 will definitely continue (defini tely continue) to faiL In some European countries the average couple has only one child and evidence suggests that it 2 is Boine to get (get) worse as more couples dl. and there 6 will be (be) less money available for the sick and the elderly... Underline four predictions ahout the future of marriage.eY-{'n-/aw. a nd if they had to work. What can we do about this? Your wife's brother is your /m:i:J. they left the children with their own mothe r o r mot her3 in-law .lttw in-law mother parent single sister step tradit ional working 1 7 . 6 A man or woman on their own with children form a single-parent fam ily. 5 Mother. 1 A woman with children who works ou ts ide the home is a working mother . Then you get divorced peo ple who remarry and end up with seve ra l 3 Vocabulary: th e family a Complete each definition about the family with two words fro m the box. Write a short posting of about 100 words. a (f can come at any time after b) Together Unit4 . Thi s. in pairs. 1 in 50 years. c. where t he cou ple d idn't get 6 married in the first place. 2 Your husband's father is your father-in-law . .2 Grammar: predicting the fut ure a Read the fi rst paragraph of the article again. they become your ~. 2 Single-parent famil ies can't bring up children as well as traditional famili es. 3 If you marry a man or woman with children.. Which future forms do th ey usc? b Look at the ways of predicting the futu re on page 46. and two children form a traditional famil y . d Join with another pair and in groups of four.

. We've been togot~er for three years and I th ink we'll get roamed some day. I wouldn't h ave a dose friend to confide m." if you were sharing an apartment with a friend and they never did any housework? a tell your friend they had to move out b stop doing housework yourself to make a point c talk to your friend about it and explain the probiem if your best friend started to make a lot more money and you were still almost always broke? If your friend was feeling really depressed after a relationship breakup? a feel jealous and ask your friend to pay for you all the time a stop calling your friend because he/she is atways complaining b tell your friend to call you whenever helshe wants if you were at a party with a friend and you met a really attractive person? a spend all evening with the person and ignore your friend b ask your friend if helshe minds if you spend the 'NhoIe evening with the person c invite the person to join you and your friend b see less of your friend because you don't want himther to pay for everything c suggest doing things together that don 't cost a lot of money c insist on taking your friend to parties. What would you do . Without. We play b8S~n t~ether every weekend and have a great bme. Do you agree? C Y and complote tho " important relattonshlps c d~~le with n amos of friends and family. him . How would your li fe be d ifferent with out them? A Who's Karen? B She's my girlfriend. It might be nice if you cut it shorter. Talk about the people and why they are important to you. Then look at .Friendship 1 S peaking ski lis What kind of friend are you? Choose the best a answers for you in the questionnaire below." your score on page 149. if your friend had a new hairstyle and you thought it looked awful? a say "What did you do to your hair?!" b say '1l1at looks great! Which hairdresser did you go to?" c say "Sorry. ask and answer question s about your circle . d In pairs. though. Someone near " me" in the circlo is more important than those further away. but I don't think it really suits you. A And Paul? B He's my best friend. b Discuss your answers with a partner. but listen when he/she wants to talk Together .

she become a kind of mother figure. Foe = enemy lIiterary word.my girlfriend. what I can tell you is that your answers agree with most of the population . 17 1 20. when I was about five to eight? A Right B . you know. A And would you soy he or she was the most important person in your life then? B Oh. 2l-ish.it wasn't so long ago! A Good. I lost touch with most of my friends and . have students copy the "ME" circle on a separate piece of paper. soy. and. B Four. You know. go ahead. Thank you very much. Your mom again? 8 Well. if you look bock to that lime.. I'd like you to Ihink back to when you were a teenager. Would that be okay? 8 Sure. A 101 of people still soy their mother for that age.. fo r most people real friendship begins after this period.. for girls. A Okay.Objectives Grammar Topic: friendship Vocabulary friendship: collocations Reading a magazine questionnaire second conditional Ustening interviews Speaking discussing friendship Set the scene by asking students What qualilies make a good friend? Elicit words and phrases like honest. nol used commonly in speech). and sports stars like Michael Jordon. 50 rd say Carlos 5ontano or Kurl Cobain. my mom used to go out to work and my teacher. if you had to choose the most important person in your life from. A Right. but we had a baby a couple of months ago. First. A Ah. you know. Now how about the late teen years. bul if 1hod to soy right now. 3 B That's easy . strike up a friendship means start a friendship. if you had 10 choose the most imporlant person in your life. A And how about now? Howald are you if you don't mind me asking? B No. Together T 42 Unit 4 . yes. so we didn't trusl each other as much. B How young? A Well. my mother. around the age of nine or len . I'm 26. etc. A More importanllhan parents? B Absolutely. B Well. I guess my little daughter is Ihe most important person in my life now. Introduce the topk reliable. And I didn't have brothers or sisters.not a real friend. My first real girlfriend . no contes!. A And the next most imporlont person? B You mean. A Thanks. what do they mean? A Well. Briefly elici t answers from the class. Now who stands out as the most imporlont person? B Well. do you have a minute? I'm doing a survey on imporlont people at different stages of our lives.. irs just amazing when. t'm going to ask you to think bock to your childhood. in sports. who would il be? B Mmm. Um if t hod to choose someone from that time. A She became more imporlant? B Right . Right. For Exercise lc. soy 1 to about 16. and so on. I can't really remember. "girlfriend" and then . who would you choose? Jusl one. peaple like that. and I'd like to ask you a couple of questions. B 50 wha t about my answers. nothing else seemed to matter . A Thanks. Then put students in pairs to talk about their answers. your mother. Give them two or three minutes to think of the names they are going to write in their own circle. I see.? B I don't know really. no. interesting. caring. t think it would be the girl I used to ploy with most. Well.. She lived just down the street ... you see. that's fine.. I don't think so. to when you were very young. but I suppose after my girlfriend. A Well. tha t's fine. A Oh. thars a little mare difficult I suppose Ihars the age when you start looking for role models and I was crazy about rock slars and basketball and that kind of thing. Culture note A fair-weather friend is someone who is only friends with you in the good limes . I'd soy it was my school teacher. Far Exercise 4 on page 43 ':IiI A Excuse me. 0 B Easy . you know.yeah. bul I think we were starting 10 get more competitive. so obviously my wife is real imporlont to me. a good listener. lers sIT'( up to the age of four. definitely.would you soy thaI was true for you? B Welt I'm not sure. the age of fIVe to eight years old. well . 1 Speaking skills Give students fOUI or five minutes to do Exercises la and lb. A Now. Now. A No friends? B Yeah. yeah. Much more imporlont A Now. . I got married two years ago. I think I'd say I made my first real friend about that time. That's easy. thaI's the answer most people give. or perhaps a brother or sister. Now.

or past + past in both clauses. buying time. they have little meaning and are used to give us thinking lime when we speak. then complete the rules.n pairs 10 do Exercise 4d . Play the audio for Exercise 4b. 3 Grammar review: second conditional For Exercise 3a. 1/F8lIeI88 around Ihe world. pointing out that students have to match the sentence halves and then write whole sentences. students often use would + verb in the condllionol clause as well as the main clouse.second Many languages hove the past subjunctive in hypothetical condllional clauses. as needed. Here. Ask students to listen and complete the "survey" column . Start students on Exercise 2c by giving them examples for the first two sentences. as in the example in sentence 2 . However. Quick grammar gUide: . Play the audio again and ask students to expand the responses in Exercise 4c. and I wish I had a new car. Ask At what stage of your life are these people mosl important? Why? Then ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks and complete the "me" column. and equate the simple past with such hypothetical concepts (and the post subjunctive if used in their first language!. or sometll/·ng + that . I would be upset. gerund. The oudioscript for Track 18 is on poge T42 11i. ask students to underline the verbs in lhe clauses in exercise 2c. elicit students' answers and have them compare the survey with their an swers.2 Vocabulary: friendship Briefly elicit answers from the pairs for Exercises 2a and 2b. Unit 4 T 43 Together . If I were rich. 4 Listening skills Set the scene by writing on the board: porenls.fun / being there / something that you have to work on. Let students check their answers in pairs. If I w9wJ9 §fI now. Model Exercise 3b carefully. explain that the following expressions are often used to "buy time. II is useful to help students see the similority between If I had a new car . If someone at a party were unfriendly toward me. I would gel home sooner. Afterwards. You may n eed to play the recording a second time.. in modern speech was is also used. Point out that this sentence needs to be followed by an adjective. Since there is no such subjunctive in English. Encourage them to practice using the words in Exercise 4c . condtianal Common problems and errofS Students confuse which form they should use in each clouse. Point out that were is commonly used in the first person in second conditional sentences. Their approximate meanings are listed below: sure.. absolutely = of course I no problem or I agree well = give me a moment before I speak you see. and then ask different students to come up to the board and write one of their sentences." in other words. As you elicit students' answers afterwards. I moon = I'm going to try to explain Put students i. boy/girlfriend. .. and indicate grammatically correct answers: Friendship is . would needs to be followed by an infinitive. besl friend. husband/wife.

5 If my girlfriend/boyfriend did something I disapproved of... compare yo ur answers from the chart and think about the future. 7 Absolutely. 4 If [ had a fair-weather friend. frIEnd hey once. Sure.. a .. You see . I 3 If I wanted 10 get married..If I w anted to get married . 3 WdL. no. Much more important. 3 a .If we went out more oRen. Can YOIl add any other words or phrases? 9-12 13-16 17-21 22-25 become friends form a friendship girlfriend real friend strike up a friendship unfriendly C [11 ~ b Listen to a survey based on the table above and complete the ·'Survey" column. make friends Illore easily.. Who are going to be the most important people in your life'! Together Unit 4 . e. might. friendly b Add the words in the box to the diagram. 6 eld . sec her once a week. 5 b . d In pairs.. '- 2 If someone at a party were wlfriendly toward me. my mom used to go out to work .2 Vocabulary: frie ndship a Add some words and phrases from the questionnaire and scores in Exercise 1 to Lhe diagram. Important people in my life Age 0-4 5-8 ~ best friend . pairs. . I w ould marry someone different from me. 1 would . keep friends for longer. 6 Well. when' was abollt five to eight? 5 Well. 4 c . 4 You mean . d Share your ideas with another pair. well. definitely.If fee '»f}f /:e1... or could. I can't really remember.. f .. Second conditional = if + simple ~. 1 If my best friend lived ncar me.. . end the friendship.. you see. '- 3 Grammar review: second conditional a Look at the clauses in Exercise 2c and complete the rule.f 7mf}hl 2 die . I would end the fri endship.. you ~ c When we speak naturally we often add little words to make our speech sound more natural. I 6 If you weren·t so demanding.od/ fri end \ --- be friends M. 1 a b c d e f 1 marry someone different from me. 1 Friendship is . ecJ. My girlfricnd..U· you weren't so demanding. 2 That's easy.family friend . I would . we wouldlmight/could meet more people. My first rcal girlfriend .If I thought a friend weren 'l honesl with me.. form a real " dose friend friendship iend'\.. I'm not sure . 8 Easy . I would .. + would (not) + infinitive b Read about the second conditional on page 46. Then match the condition clauses with the main clauses and write sentences in the second conditional with would.. / __ old friend become fr ie nds I 4 Listening skills a Who is the most important person in your life right now? Why? Has this always been the case·! Complete this table for the different times in yo ur life.. we 5 If I thought a friend weren't honest with me. go ahead.. sure... 4 If we went out more often.g. complete each sentence with two different ideas. my mother.. meel more people. no contest. u'Ved neay me. Survey mother girl down Ule street fi rst real friend role models first rea l girlfr iend wife unfriendly .. 1 2 If I weren't so shy. Listen again and expand these responses to make them sound more natural. I would/migh t/could make friends more easilyhneet more people.If I weren't so shy. you would might/cou ld keep friends for longerl make fri ends mo re easily..... 6 One way of striking up a friendship is . I would . 1 mean.c... I don 't think so.~olutely. 3 If [ wanted to make new friends. (Jb.

AG 4 I sec your point. and acquaintances. decide whether these expressions are assertive (A). NA 6 I don't mind what we do. b Summarize what you have learned about yoursel f and others in your group. Keep a note of the other students' answers. 3 Wasn't very assertive of us. using these questions.1 Warm up a Look at the defi nitions. assertive. finished ages ago. Which questions do they discuss? b What kind of person do you think Rob is. 7 Follow up Look at the sit uations in the quiz. was it? Itlfhat wasn't. Done yours? Have you done yours? 2 Yeah. That's/How amazing. . Which of them do you tend to say? 1 I wou ld like 10 discuss this with you. Which group has the most assertive members? Unit4 Together . It is such a pain 2 Remember last summer. non-assertive (NA). the restaurant near the beach? Do you remember . 1 This has happened to me so many times such a pain. In info rmal conversation we often leave words out. A 2 Do it now! AG 3 That's a really dumb idea. if you say so . Whore did it happen? II was in a pizza place in town .. 3 Prepare a Check your answers with the key on page 149. with examples. or non-assertive? How about Jane? 1. Which words have the speakers left out from the underlined expressions? 1 I still havon't done the last two.. How assert ive are you compared with the other members ofyoUT group? 4 Feedback Report your group's results to the class. b Discuss th o quiz in a small group. What was the incident? I had really bad food at a res/aurnnt. . lei's do it your way. NA c Thi nk of your famil y.. 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people completing and discussing the questionnairo. Have you been in any of those situations? Did you assert yOUl'self or not? Discuss the situation with your partner.. When did it happen? Who wero you talking to? How did you roact? Why did you roact as you did? How did you feel afterwards? 2 Task a Take the quiz on the opposite page to fi nd out how assertive you are. I'd ask people to introduce themselves. A 5 Well . if you don 'I mind. . a ssertive behaving and expressing ideas in a firm and confident manner 3. Where do you think you come on the scale below? Put a cross ut} at the best poi nt. or aggressive (AG) language. friends. aggressive behaving in an angry or rude way. Explain 10 your partner. why you put thorn there. but in my opinion . 4 Really? Amazing. n on-assertive not making your opinions and desires known. aggressive. or argue with someone non-assertive assertive aggressive I b In groups. the convorsation. attack. willing to accept what others want above what you want 6 Notice a Look at these extracts from the conversation.. 1 finished ages ago. Write the initials ofthree or four people on the scale. b Find tho "missing" words in these examples from 2. often indicating that you want to fight.

2. Topic: assertiveness Reading a magazine Ustening people doing a quiz Speaking answering a question naire adverbs used with present perfect questionnaire 1 Warm up Ask students to look at the definitions in Exercise 1a and mark themselves on the scale. and . J.. Give each student in each group a letter.Objectives Grammar present perfect. Additional activity Divide the class into groups of three.. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to prepare to speak. Ask students to listen and say which questions they discussed.. Write three situotions on the board. playing their roles. and Cs they are aggressive. ask pairs of students to take turns asking each other about the situations. Determine which group is the most assertive. . and then ask students to work in pairs to find the missing words in the sentences in Exercise lib. Decide which film you want to see at the movies tonight. ask students to write three or four sentences to summarize their findings. or C.. 6 Notice Read through the examples in Exerc ise lia a loud. Jane is assertive. help them to think of a situation and of their answers to the questions in Exercise 7. change situotions and change roles. Answer: 2 Task Ask students to lake the quiz. . Allow 0 couple of minutes for each role-ploy situation.. Bs they are non-assertive. . B. and 3. . T As they are ell assertive. nor.. 3 Prepare After they have checked their answers. elicit from students what the difference between an assertive and an aggressive statement is.•. The oudioscripl for Track 19 is on page T45 11 Together T 44 Unit 4 . but . PresenIo1ion alternative 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to present the group's findings. elicit students' answers for Exer cise s b. Rob is non-assertive. Afterwards. . Neither . An assertive statement is expressed us ing polite language (I would like . When they are ready. If necessary. Tell the groups to discuss situation 1. Then divide students into groups of four and ask them to discuss their answers. students should make a note of each other's answers and pay special attention to the ones they have in common. A..J or conciliatory language (1 see your point. Both .. Afterwards. Then divide the class into groups pf fo ur and ask them to discuss the expressions in Exercise lb . 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa . Answers: They discussed questions 1... You could write the following phrases on the board to hetp students prepare their summaries: We found that whereas . Decide where to go together for vacation. Decide what you are going to cook together for dinner tonight. an aggressive statement is often short and rude. After they hove finished.

Well. What about number 1Wo? Rob The restaurant. you're right. parking. This has happened to me so many limes . What hove you got for number one then? Somebody's just taken your parking space . so I'd jus! drive off. Unil 4 T 45 Together . On 10 the third one. Jane How are you doing? Hove you finished yet? Rob Nearly. Rob Okay. I love dOing these things .you sow itlirst.. Sut we just left it.remember lost summer.. finished ages ago. I haven't checked !he key yet. so I can't really soy. we've both seen examples of thot . Jane Really? rm amazed. rd ask people 10 introduce Ihemselves. right? Jane Ah. I don·tthink irs worth ge"ing in a fight. Done all yours? Jane Yeah. Jane What do you do? Rob Well. this is a funny one .For Exercise 5 on page 44 . and we all sitlhere and soy nothing. yes. so "bo. in our Spanish closs.. Jane Really? Amazing. Rob But irs so true..such a pain! I stop the car and gel out and tell them to leave the space. me too. I've been in that situalion so many times. remember? Wasn't very assertive of us! Rob No. Jane Yes.you find out so much about yourself. Every day. What have you found out then? Jane Well. I still haven·t done the lost two. the restaurant near the beach? Jane Yeah. Rob Right. we still don't know each othe(s names. I hate not knowing people's names . . but the restaurant was very busy. The food was terrible. don·t you? Rob Do you? I'm not sure. Okay.

b I leave it on the plate. or just loseil Do you always win. What do you dol a I've never heard so much garbage in my life before! b I can see what you're getting at. b I insist that the other driver leave the space. What are a few books and CDs compared to friendship. . you're probably the assertive type. c I go around introducing myself to everyone. I have an argument with them and then drive off in a bad mood. b Tell your friend that they're behaving like a thief and you won't lend them anything else. b I suggest to the teacher that we all introduce ourselves briefly. a I drive off without saying anyth ing. You've lust joined a c s 0 twenty students Rnd you don't know anybody' name. Say nothing. anyway? '- a I complain to the waiter. Do you win and do they win. whereas the others normally loset Just maybe you're the aggressive type. win. But enough talking. Do you usually find yourse lf losing while the others wint Then perhaps you're the non-aggressive type. c. a Tell your friend firmly that you value your things and would like them back. if that's how things normally happen. take our questionnaire and find out who you are.. . a I avoid using people's names and refer to them as "he" and "she" . but have you considered . toot Well.n. .Win. ? c Yeah. I suppose you're right. Together Unil4 . ( I threaten the manager with legal action . .

you'll pass the exam.) I think the Democrats will probably win the lfl won the lottery. we could move to the country. I'd get 8 new job. (otten with time adverbialsj We're leaving tomooow. I'll accept it. make friends. John's flight arrives at 16:20. 3 five ways of describing a friend in a positive way best friend. one j. plans or intentions: 8 decision made before Examples I'm going to study We use the second oondiOOnal to talk about a future result or action • 's lX1IikeIy because the concition in the if clause wi probably not be fuIfitt.: " Phil got 8 promotion. I'll give a lot of money to poor people. -We can put the clauses in either order.:. schedules.. We use might when the result is less certain and could when there i element of ability or possibility. I'd be much happier. U. I' ll probably go to Europe. great friend . )( We're gotJg to the movies./ Sometimes going to and the present progressive have little or no difference in meaning: What are you doing this weekend? W1lat If someone famous were coming. girlfriend 3 Life stages go ~ out with a boy / have a baby ~ girl ~ get engaged ~ get married Unil4 ----------------------~ Together have mon3 children ~ get divorced . Vocabulary Summary 1 Family Types of family: traditional lamiy one-parent / single-parent / step prediction that depends on a futtxe cx. I 'll ask for an autograph. I'm seeing John tonight.RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Future plans. hea". Avoid repeating the verb go when you use going to: We're going to go to the movies. lcimity Family members: workJ:"'9 mother step mother / fathef I brother I sister han brother I sister mother / father I brother / sister~in-Iaw 2 Friends and friendship 3 First conditional Collocations with adjective + noun: best friend cbse friend fai'weather friend good friend geat friend old friend real friend _ Collocations with verb + noun: be friends become friends lorm 8 friendship keep friends make lriends strike up a friendsr'Compound nouns: frierdship boyfriend gI1friend "- Us. baSed 00 SCfl'lE!thOg we can see.nc:jOOn ""'" fuIf"'" If you continue to amoy the dog. intentions. I'd ask for an autograph. the Republicans will win. U I went abroad next year. I. use gohg to. we would buy tickets for the festl'nlJ. good friend. 3 If I they I offer me I <J 2 Predictions about the future Fonn Use Examples gXlg to + verb predictioos for whK:h we have eVdenoe rv::m.) Fo. then I wouldn't go.) "I were you. She's going to get manied. e.. S two words that suggest a romanti: friendship boyfriend . It is possible to use other present forms in the if clause of a first conditional: If James is staying a/ home tonight. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning of the sentence... We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning ' the sentence. I'd probably go to Europe.) We also use this conditional when the state or action in the if clause-contrary to a present fact: "I had a big house. I'd give a lot of money to poor poopl new iOb III accept it lflhey offer me a new job. I'd accept it..:. It is possible to use other past forms in the if clause.-e Simple present "esent booked. are you going to do this weekend? If you are IJ'lsure which form is correct. lflhey offered me a new job. with think and adverbs such as definitely. strike up a friendship 2 ooe wf1'o/ of describing a person you have I<ncrM1 lor a long tine old friend ff + present. and arrangements Fann 4 Second conditional U . very definite rootine or scheduled events.g. 4 11 / I / meet / Nicole Kidman I I /ask / autograph If I meet Nicole Kidman . If J met Nicole Kidman. or feel at the time of speaki"Ig will / won't + verb personal opinions about the future and predictions based It's goilg to rail. ""--' 2 If I I /win I lottery I I I give 18 lot of money / poor people U I win the lottery." Adjectives: ftiencIY lXlfriendly Find these words or phrases from the lists above. (I'm not you. I'll cancel the babysitter: We can put the clauses in either order: I'll cancel /he babysitter if James Is staying at home tonight. If he told her he loved her. . prog. then she might marry him. (look allhe clouds. then I won 't go. Fo. O'~ had too much to eat. he wiD bite you.. and other modal verbs (usually might or could) in the main clause: +""'" the tine 0 1 speakKlg definite plans: tickets medicine." If + past. The first conditional predicts a Mure result dependent on a future condition: If you wert hard. 0 em't have a big tnJse. etc. Make two complete sentences from each set of prompts. 1 fax expressions that mean statt a fri€ndship become friends. first conditional and one in the second conditional. concerts The concert starts at eight o'clock. '-1 If II go / abroad next year I I /probably go / Europe If I go abroad next year. win I won't + infll1itive If Malia goes to the party. (Phil is unlikely to going to get 8 promotion. appointments made. form a friendship . Frs! conditional - on past evidence (often election. would I wouldn't + infinitive If M8Iia went to the party. They aI'Nays do \AIhen the economy is bad. She might marry him if he tokJ het" he loved her.e. No. real friend 4 ooe way of desCfibing a friend in a negative way fair-weather frie . close friend .) I'm going to feel bad tonight.

h.enimg IS a great sI<. .9 to sIww d.-c1»:t. .It " the. ~r fuu a ngN 10 e-:r._~:~_ .1n .h.... complete paragraph 4 in the essay on the lell.:'/'t. the writer argues for or against a main point of view. I believe that . Step 2: Organize your ideas into paragraphs. aYe st. d is 'W'I'On. the language. in about 250 words.. Rrst.e cl. Answer 2 is the best title.i"Ve 4 Using fixed phrases in an essay a We use many fixed phrases In writing formal essays. Here are some possible essay titles: LMng in a small family is better than living in a big one.. .muni.ety 10 disappw. and the punctuation.aJue IS "Very i?>!fXJrl.ch. ...ey.~--' . ' .e./ agree /:hal. Farst of aJl.. fqr. /. It is not true that . &n. 3 5ecortd.eiy OpiniDrlS.J o 0.~.Ctzl:i.p:Jrtan/.. and a senSe of ye~ . professional.. . ..cen CQm. For example.. . . Of personal reasoos.YOU. .~ .Idh. 5 Applying what you have learned a In pairs.. inm-ves Bi"Ve and I:ak.ia!.:y.*... compte1eLy.e and this ~ of c. - ~ ~ ~ &:II: 2 Thinking about the main idea a Look al these three titles for the essay below and then read it. ~ I"~~):.anl in a happy famuly. ["Ven 1:Jwugh. tfus is 6ed adl. 3 The dangers facing the fam ily's survival can be prevented...tn:J. It also introduces the main idea of the essay in one sentence that can either come near the beginning or the end of the paragraph. show each other and talk about the important new words you learned from the reading texts in Unit 4 .pess their 'ViewS clea.i!L wIu. to tmk at ~s in.on. o...'V(JYCeS and the . 2 Respect is the key to the preservation of the family.e... _ .. .. It is true that . m'e a n.isYesped. Note: you will have to discuss your essays/discursive essays at the end of Unit 5. b Compare your answers and justify your chOice. why not 'Mile one? Here are some basic steps: Step 1: Look carefully at the title and brainstorm ideas. the~ " the ~ of fyudgm and -.hem is a th. -values sucf.cf. Together Unit4 . paYe:n). as msped.stru.ance I.. then.{y and firmLy.t:me to imprcrve ~s wIlkn the famuly . Socond.b. .J > Ll. ~--.. It restates the main idea of the essay and often finishes with the personal opinion of the writer. The arguments for or against the main dea. Jiyfl of aiL. .:. Step 5: Write the final version of the essay...:i GMng examples to support your argument Usting your points Expressing contrasts between two ideas Making conclusions 5.cd.cn.m 1:0 k groi Wt:e-n. .s in 5cn>Ie pa-ds of the wrJrtd. Expressing other people's opinions Agreeing with other opinions Disagreeing with other opinions or a situation Some people saylbelieve tha1 . and conclusion..wmkr of things thd can 6e d. 'n = ._ _ _ _ _ ! _~e:r<:tVt: oiLgalums 'n the family.heiy ~S . compare your answer with the model on page 149. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: writing a discursive essay If this type of essay is important to you for academic.. Which title is the besl one? 3 Organizing a discursive essay This type of essay is usually organized into three parts: the introduction. f ~ IAalthe famuly " lJ<.Y main body can be made up of two or more paragraphs. o ---' Ll.. ~ >- 1 The fut ure of the traditional family is under threat.. fay dh.ren!.f blunk J. cI.e c!turm tha/. the famuLy Wiay and . b Under1ine the main idea of the essay in the introduction and in the conclusion. . 'WIticA famuL}! kes can be 5trengt/Jened. Before you read an example of a discursive essay. Technology has made life today easier. ~yS of the famuly sMu1d re5p«l wd. fO/rl'li. and the conclusion.Ys. many pe<Jf/. discuss this question: D:J you think the tradition8l fam!ty unit is in danger? Why? / Why not? ~<K1 REVIEW Review your action plan: figuring out t he meaning of new w ords In pairs.I ieliew thd d is im.ieved th. Step 4: Read the drall and focus on improving the organization of ideas. However.famulies 10 _k Iogdher 10 strengthen /:. Function Expressing the writer's opinion Examples In my view.>----. 2 The conclusion summarizes the main points dOCuSS6d. ~." -ve'1f ''''f'J>'Ia.e.S and ciuuben should Want 1:0 Wt:en 1:0 each ci/wy. a RII in the blanks in each of the definitions below vvith introduction. AliAo«gh wd.CYeaSe in stngtepa. of the essay are discussed here. Say how you figured out lhe meanings.. 1 50me 1 The pwp(. the main body of the essay. is true tfuJ1 there are a td of pessures on.--'. d/.gns of this cYiSiS bxw. b Check your answers with the teacher. Although To sum up.ai. 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly Iaiay .e nu-mUr of di...-eaf.a/.ey saw tf. Being rich does not guarantee happiness.in 7If:}f op:nam. in fi/l:y years (JY SO tile 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly wJl k <kep T/. Step 3: Write a draft version. 1:0 t.. • Jina1Ly. Study the list below and then add at least one example from the essay to each category. main body..e:rs OY far th.z o C) A discursive essay 1 Thinking about the main topic In a discursive essay. Jtaweny. b When you have fi nished . 3 The introduction provides the reader with the general direction of the essay...d 1m. "Very few Yf'41Ly an: .

2 Pronunciation : stress on compound nouns a Compound nouns are made of two words....orrer. Some.cn. e. new/modern/plastic 2 Inven tors spent a long li me trving to fin d the fi rst plast ic. 's a small gadget/device/machine thaI . read ou t the deflll itions for other students to guess the objects.tion fluid 4 (1 flat surface that you put under a computer mouse so that it can move smoothly mouse pad 5 a contai ner that stores and chills drinking water water cooler b Put tho words from the box below in the table.-ne dishwasher armchair food processor ironing board a lann clock dishtowlli cutting board ""'" """'" photocopier fax machine 7tII1Ck-ne filing cabinet mouse pad paper clip hole puncher correction fluid sticky notes ans.f' Yl:ng . USEFUL LANGUAGE USEFUL LANGUAGE 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects a In pairs. in tho office.. or both? washing mach ine paper clip dishwasher water cooler annchair answering machine food processor ironing board alarm clock hole puncher dishtoweI fi ling cabinet correct ion fluid slicky notes photocopier mouse pad cutting board fax machine ft"s the thing 11"0 use at home I in the offi ce fo r . 3 Reading skill s a Look at the pictures with the article on the opposite page. ad-..i118 verb? inventions and guess what they arc. Write a title for the article. Say these compound nouns to yourself. found by accident 3 Parkes found that collodion turned into a solid if it was ex posed to i!. everyday What do you call that stuff/thins 1I"t' use for + . plastic 6 Plastic is the perfect recyclable material. d In groups.. In grou ps. What are these objects made of? What do you think is the mosl common material we use today? b Read the article quickly and check your answers. mouse pad... discuss these questions. usi ng at least two of those words: invontion material accident importa nt most durable fortunate li fe-changing history c These statemen ts all contain factual errors. . read tho descriptions of usefu l. Is the stress on the firs t or second word·~ washing machine paper clip dishwasher ~ b Li ston and check your answers.g. • •• • • • water cooler armcha ir answering machine c Write fl defin it ion of an object from Exercise lb (or choose your own) . 1 What informat ion about plastic was !lew to you? 2 What plastics do you use in your everyday life? 3 Do you profer plastic or natural materials? Why? c Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. Read Ihe a rticle again and correct them.ing verb Irs a kind of machine 10 piece of equipment that . UnitS Eureka ! .. not a perfect Home Office Both au. 1 a small pieco of bent wire that we usc for holding pieces of paper together paper clip 2 small pieces of paper with glue on the back that are used for sticking notes on other papers and surfaces slicky notes 3 a white liquid used for covering mistakes in somothing you are writing r. Others are soft or malleable 5 Planes have carried radar machines since radar was invented. Wh ich items can be found at home. 1 Society today uses a lot of traditional materials in the home and office.g 7>Ii1du. heat 4 plast ics arc hard and durable.ir. J. . Use the pictures and the li sl in Exercise lb to help you.

Have students copy the table in Exercise lh into their notebooks and then work in pairs to complete it. splitting the original pairs.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventions Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading third conditional everyday objects stress on compound nouns a magazine article Speaking hypothesizing Put students in pairs. Check. Note: Students may disagree with somo of the answers listed. Ask students what plastiC objects they can see in the classroom. Divide the class into groups of four to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 3d. etc. ond why they think these ore useful inventions. Let students chock thoir answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. with the exception of a 'form clock ond co 'rrection fluid. eliciting student answers to the questions in Exerc ise 3a. They should correct the mistakes and then look back at the relevant part of the text to find the answers and check their changes. Briefly review the answers with the class. students take turns reading their definitions aloud and guessing the objects. This check. between Ihem. tough".pairs 10 teillhe doss who! they chose. Ask a lew. The strong stress In each case is on the first syllable of the first word. long-lasting soft silky '" soft and smooth like silk light heavy The oudloscrlpl for Track 20 is on poge T49 ~ Eureka! T 48 Unit 5 .nd five interesting inventions . Answers will vary. poper clip. As you elicit answers from the closs. read the words in each column aloud and ask. Make sure both students write. Then divide the class into groups of four to six. hard. Give them a time limit of four minutes. lind remind them to use the phrases in the Useful La nguage boxes. Ask students to listen and check their answers. Tell them thol they have one minute to 1001:: in their purses and pockets and. Suggested tiUes: The most important invention in history A fortunate and li fe-changing accident The most d urable malerial in history Have students work in pairs to correct the statements in Exercise 3c. meaning by asking students to use the adiectives to describe obiects in the classroom. Answers: All the objects in the pictures are made of plastic. Play the audio for Exercise 2b. Which one does the class think is Ihe most useful invention? 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects Have studcnts work in pairs to match the descriptions in Exercise 1a to tho objects. Remind them to use the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. Many of the words in the text are descriptive adjectives. Tell students to skim the article in order to do Exercise 3b. •• Pronunciation check 2 Pronunciation: stress on compound nouns Have students say where the main stress is in the compound nouns in Exercise 2a. the stress is always on the firs! word of compound nouns. In their groups. rubber bond. strong rubbery hord durable". r. a fax machine may be found in both homes and offices. for example. 3 Reading ski lls Have a brief class discussion. •• A good way to manage Exercise 2c is to put students in pairs to write definitions. Ask students to find them in the text. In English.an eraser. students to repeat after you. teads directly into the pronunciation focus of the next exercise.

Review the rules and the form. where students are trying to use a complex structure in a fluency actiYity. washing machine paper clip dishwasher water cooler armchair onswering machine Unil5 T 49 Eureka! . Ask the class to correct them. AI the end of the activity. or cooditional. For example: work hard to do have more!less free lime wash/walch/listen to/use hod to been able to more/less healthy more/less Ihings In on aclly/ty like this one. write a few random phrases on the board a t the start 01 the activity which they might use to help them form sentences. Go around tho class and help. which has no equivalent in English. it is a good idea to go around the closs monitoring and noting down errors. 5tudents often try 10 reflect the subjunctive by using would + have + past participle in the conditional clause as well as the main clause. Common problems and errors Using would in both clauses instead of just in the if. Parkes wouldn't hove discovered plastic if he weIMlR'! /. Then put them in groups of four to discuss the questions. Let students check their answe rs in pairs before as king individuals to come to the board to write their sentences. and then ask students to rew rite the sentences.tt LA 4 Grammar: third conditional Have students work in pairs to answer the chock questions in Exercise 4a and complete the rule in Exercise 4b. wrile three or four errors you heard on the board . w~---------------. clause. Quick grammar guide In many languages there are structures similar to the third conditional in both farm and meaning. m onitoring students and taking notes on any common mistakes you hear. go over the example carefully. For Excrciso 2 on page 48 11. Walk around the room. In Exercise 4d. Same languages use a compound subjunctive structure In the ifclouse. If your students find it difficutl to be imaginative.without saying who mode them. Don't interrupt students talking in groups iuSI note down errors with the third condilional that they make. The main problem with the third conditioool in English is remembering to get all the parts right. 5 Speaking skills -Conection guide Give students a few minutes to look at the questions and think of answers.19\'8 !eft his collodion near heat.

or disappear .Recent history has seen countless new inventions that have changed the lives of most people on this planet.lQLQf ~ .ff 7i:m. ~ and cars. if we could develop a plastic that was 100% recyclable. kill thousands of fish and other marine animals every year. they have facilitated the development of things as diverse as kitchen equipment and the space shuttle.honge shope easi ly (. Just think. + 1!:!mM + have + pust parliclple (. Because some plastics are resistant to extremes of heat and cold. 4 Did Parkes d iscover the first plastic? Yes If Al exander Fleming hadn't discovered penicillin. c 'IHJI&:i'}j. very durable and.o from the article and answer the questions. tools you're using. and discarded plastic can be d angerous.!!. light and safe. b Find a similar sentence in the article and <:amplete this rulo for the third conditional. Replacement bod y parts are even made from plastic today! We obviously need this material. from grocery bags and children's toys 10 furniture.If Tim Dem ers Lee lli!. 2 Was techno logical development s low? No 3 Arc the events in the sentences in the past or 4 present? Past Can we change the facts? No 5 If Bill Gales had nol started Microsoft Microsoft If slarted Bi!l Gates hill1 llQ1. If Parkes hadn 't disco vered that first plastic technological development would have bee. an Englishman. How wo uld your life have been different if you'd boen born 50 yoars ago? 2 How would life. malleablc.dn. strong. in a papcr bag! But it can take up to 100 years for plastic to d isintegrate. the H yatt brothers in the United States im'ented a similar substance that they called cellulo id. and discovered that the liquid had tumed into a tough. Alexander Parkes. ~ . technological d evelopment would have been a lot slower.stcin hadn't d iscovered relativity. is the most common material in your environment? "Jur lives would have been vcry different if plastic had not come along 150 ycars ago. rubber y material.. liquid used ill medicine. . it came aboul through a very fortunate accident.p~st .llswur with the Grammar Summary on pagu 56 . we really wo uld have found the " wonder sruff"! GLOSSARY d Rowrite thu sentences by putting the underli ned words and phrases in the correct order. 1 If + . wouldn 't a t?ml ~ weapons have SCientists created S(.{.'t CYeaf:ed the Y"e6 he ha'"re ~ a ~ at 'JrLJr. before then radar machines were roo heavy. Plastic is used in just about -. and in the no t~too-dista nt furure about 40". 1 3 If Ein. of plastic may be recycled. Plastic bags thrown into the sea.. ~ he htut. durable plastics. he wouldn't have become the nches! man in the world. in comparison with glass. discuss those questions.di!lli llillild a lot of people would have died. wouldn't ~ havc llil d iscovered he wouldn't have discovered 8ravity. which was conunonly used in film ~ making. and it was o nly with the d evelopment of light plastics that radar could be fined to planes. are made of materials we didn't know 150 years ago? What.everything these days. soft. However. easily moldable substances. 5 Speaking skills In grou ps. At about the same rime. to stop bleedi ng call (. have been d ifferent for your great grand parents (Circa 1920s) with these invcntions? washing machines TV video I DVD .L./liLr/Jl!. the Internet modern medicine . which he realized was a reaction to heat.. Since those early days m any different plastics have come into existence: hard. ' ' 2 If Isaac Newton hadn 't sat under the ap ple tree 4 Grammar: third conditional a Look at thi s scntcn(. Imagine carrying a pack of fo ur twoliter glass bottles hom e from the supermarket.how many of the things in your home or Jffice. for example. Chuck your a.ollodion malleable 1 ~ the Web . In fact. went to his medicine cabinet o ne day to get some collodion. Just look around you . clothes that you're wearing. a lot slower.'t disintegrate break up. silky fabri cs.'}j. but like many inventions..Ientisis wouldn't havll created a tomic weapons. computers. Plastics are extremely useful because they arc cheap to produce. If Parkes hadn't discovcred that fi rst plastic. ma rc and more people arc recycling.:t h wouldn't havc becomc a profossor at MIT. was launched in l862. The first plastic. Parkesinc. gradually rot.

and the Mayas were drinking unsweetened cocoa hundreds of years before it became fashionable in Europe. Can you add an ything to improve you r partner's notes'! c In groups. • healthy heaM + gd circularn OY'fJ"ns of choc. woman. which means "bitter water" . The word chocolate comes from the Nahuatl word xocolatl. Researchers warn that although chocolate is good for you . introducing chocolate to the average citizen. 6'g choc eaf. 1765 Baker ~ Hanan lsi choc. Daniel Peter had the idea of adding milk in the chocolate-making process and produced the first milk chocolate. Chocolate contains substances called flavonoids that can help maintain a healthy heart and good circulation. In 1753. according to American researchers at the University of California. in about 1500 Be. One of the biggest chocolate-eating nations is Britain where the average man. chocolate has grown enormously in popularity. chocolate was becoming fashionable with the middle-classes. and child eats a staggering nine kilos of chocolate a year! In fact. solid chocolate was becoming familiar. mill in US U K. a r . 1 Is chocolate good or had for you? It's good in small quantities 2 How was chocolate first Ilsed? As a drink 3 Which country has the most "chocoholics"? Britain 'PaYag Yaph J 'Paragyaph 1 b Read the article again and match each paragraph with a short summary. S Since then . 4 By the middle of the century. discuss these questions. Paragraph 1 the popularity of other Paragraph 2 choc good foy !fou . (Remember to use abbreviati ons. incredible chocoholic someone who is addicted to chocolate Unit5 Eureka! . 1 Do you eat chocolate? If not. how much chocolate do you eat? Are you a chocoholic? 3 When do people eat ch ocolate? Why do they like it so much? the origins of chocolate SCIENTISTS SWEET OVERY! 1 Good news for chocoholics: the treat preferred by millions all over the world is good for you. In the 17th century. GLOSSARY circulation the movement of blood around the body staggering amazing. wh y not? 2 If you do. look at yo ur notes. etc. In 1876. Then read 'Paragraph I the article and check your answers.) 1 Reading skills a In groups.ptg counh-:/' Bril'n '>--1-- Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 forms of chocolate chocolate spreading to Europe how chocolate may be good for you the most "chocoholic" country in the world d In pairs. otmecs grow cocoa ma!fas drink cocoa 1511 choc went -7 Spain + Pori sotui choc famd. The Spanish were the first to add sugar to their cocoa drink. a delegation of Mayan nobles visited Philip of Spain and gave him jars of cocoa as a gift. discuss the questions. not only as a drink but also as a medicine. The researchers have discovered that cocoa acts like aspirin and that eating a bar of chocolate once in a while may contribute to a healthy diet. leave out articles. in Switzerland . James Baker and John Hanan opened the first chocolate mill in the United States.c Read the article once morc and underline the import ant details.has fta'VGnoids. 2 But who first discovered this wonderful way of keeping healthy? The Olmec Indians of Mexico and Central America were the first to@Jow cocoa beans. In 1765. Then complete these notes wit h those details. chocolate is the number one comfort food and there are more "chocoholics" in Britain than anywhere else in the world. Cocoa soon became fashionable in Spain and Portugal. Chocolate has also been shown to release endorphins in the body: these chemicals help to reduce pain and stress and make you feel happy. a Swedish scientist renamed cocoa theobroma or "food for the gods" . 3 In 1544. it should be eaten in small quantities .and with no added milk.

but not very healthy? Matt They used to be thought of as healthy . and fewer carbohydrates. Anyway . creamy . Comfort foods do taste good too bad they usually have a high fat content Host 50 they're comforting. and so many of them are really ovel"VoJeight .and irs what I wanted to come bock to. what will comfort food of the future be? Candy bors and bags of chips? You know...s.. flavanoids.. tasty dishes. comfort foods tend to be ones we associate with Mom and Grandma.the food we eat when we're upset or depressed..good heartening meols with lots of calories .-. things with lots of butter. Point out the abbreviation.s. - Eureka! T 50 Unit 5 . Host Irs a bit of a cliche.. good circulation.irs scary. Matt your baked chocolate cheesecake has just come in at the top of our vie'vVel"S' "best comfort food" poll.. then elicit answers.-. Congratulations! Matt Thank you. everyone. we all have our own favorite comfort foods . asking students which words they would underline. chunky. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Have students discuss the pre-reading questions in Exercise In in small groups. you know . Write healthy heart + gd circularn on the boord.. that something chocolatey comes in first? Why is that? Matt Well. We have to teoch them to cut down on fat-filled processed foods. chocolate is a great comfort food ~ sweet sticky. After students have done Exercise le. um .really hot. but I bet there's not as much fat in a good stew or meat pie as in some stuff people eat today. When you see families eating so much garbage today. isn't it. feel happy.. our ideas of what's healthy have changed.. Host . Encourage lots of speculation. I'm sure that you'll be showing us the way with your new TIl series. is meatloof. For mony students. reduce pain and stress. Matt ThaI's so right . gravy. Why doesn't the government do something to stop kids eoting so much fost food and soft drinks packed with sugar? Why are soft drinks and snack machines allowed in schools? Why doesn't the government pressure the food industry into cutting down on the dongerousry high levels of fat. Put students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l e.. you know. and another is a thick meat stew .but of course people used to have a much more active lifestyle and could burn off all those calories. release endorphins. even if Mom and Grandma never cooked anything that didn't come out of a con i Matt I'll come back to thaI.----. Underline (or write in a list on the boordl: good for you. yeah... complete the note for :2. ask them to exchange their notes with a partner and make additions. When we get older. Well. sugar.-. Plus. Then ask students to underline key phrases in paragraph :2. A good way of handling Ihis activity is 10 go through the first paragraph as a class first.. For Exercise 3 on page 51 !II Host Well. and 5. Matt I suppose it depends on each person. and check with a parlner. potatoes. here in the U. Then ask them to do the some for paragraphs 3.. Then ask students how they would complete the note for paragraph 1...-. you know? Host Whoa! I think we get the picture. Have them write their notes on a separate piece of paper. comfort foods are what we ate at Grandma's house. or want to f~ kind of taken care 01. Thanks very much for . and we encourage people to eotless fat today. Answers will vary.and that we get more heart diseose and other problems related to dietl II makes me mod. something hot and very filling. starting next week. we like flavors fram the past.-.Objectives Vocabulary describing foad Topic: food Reading a magazine article Ustening interview with a TV chef Speaking discussing foods and diets Write on the board: chocolale cocoa milk sugar bitler drink solid xocolotl chocoholic Ask students whot the words hove in common. I've always thought of comfort food as salty.. healthy heart. 4. . Host But I must soy. acts like aspirin.. Moll.. and salt in foods? trs not surprising that you see 011 these fat kids . Presentation alternative 21i'-. you look at kids today... You see. tends to be meat.. too Host I see. Irs comforting. notetaking is a challenging skill to acquire.comfort food . healthy diet.. Ask students to read the article to check their predictions. I'm honored. Ask students to read the article again and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise 1b.and adults . after a long day at school or who! Mom served when we were siCk. good wholesome food. like burgers and those with high sugar and salt content.. with meat and really fatty. One of the top comfort foods in the u.

red meat Sugar: honey. Ask studonts to listen lind check their predictions. Don'l add a /01 of sugar or salt 10 food. upset. milk. rice Fats: buller. play the audio aga in. 4 Speaking skill s Ask st udents to read the opinions in Exercise 4a and decide which ones th ey agree with <1l1t1 why. potatoes. cookies. Ask students in pairs to discuss tho words in Exercise 3b and together predict which ones they will hellr in an intervi ew about "com fort'· food. chicken. Ask students to complete the blanks in Exercise 3d and the n check with a partner. eggs. Suggested answers: "Comfort" food is food that makos us foel good . Suggested answers: Carbohydrates: hread. legumes Protein : butter. oil Fiber: green vegetables. find out whether the class generally thinks we should improve the healthiness of our d iet or whether they think it's okay. Thon put student s in small groups to toll ono another their opinions. cal more frui l and vegetables. or it cou ld just be our favori te food. We cat "comfort" food when we are depressed. Play the audio fo r Exercise 3c. Afterwards. yogurt In Exerdse 2b. very tasty food. If students aro not sure about the answers. Eot a I'aried diel . green vegetables. etc. legumes. fish. st ressed. pasta. 0011'1 snuck belw(J(Jn meals. bu ild up a list of ways of improv ing our diet: Suggested ways of improving ou r diet Cu i down 011 fasl food. ask students to work in pairs 10 describe foods. Find out which foods they th ink am the most healthy and which are the least healthy. End this part or the lesson by having two pairs of studen ts combine to form a group of four and discuss the queslions in Exercise 2d . chocolale. cake. Then ask them to tell their partner aboullheir typical diet in Exercise 2e. As groups report their answers. using words in the Useful Language and the Language Note boxes. or food Crom our childhood.•• 1i ffi 2 Vocabulary: describing food Ask students to work in pairs to match foods and nutrients in Exercise 2a . On the board. Unit 5 T 51 Eureka! . etc. sick. milk. t ·· ~ 3 Listening skill s Ask students about "comfort" food : IV/wi is it? Elicit examples of types of "comfort" food: chips. yogurt. elici t ans wers from students. jam Vitamins and minerals: fruit. The audiascripl for Tra ck 21 is on page TSO II. bored.it cou ld be food like chocolate and candy.

spinach) honey jam milk oats oil pasta pot<. high in millcm/s / c(lrbuh yd m tes .. ' Most chips are high in fat alld salt. . and the y are often dishes we assor. If we say a food is rich ill somothing.1 The chef ill the interview has the following opinions. What kind of food do you think this is? When do you think we eat it? b Look at the words and phrases in the bux. Which types 01' food in the box be low do you assodflte with them? Food nutrients: cflrhohydffltes fats fiber protein Sllgflf vitamins and minefflls bread butter chicken eggs fish fruit green vegetables (e.It this list of nutrients ill food.ltoes legumes (e. which results in a population that is 7 oVt:rweight and suffers from problems such as 8 heart disease . 4 The government should do someth ing to stup children from eating junk food. discuss these questions. 2 We do not have an active lifestyle today.g. Look <. fatty / oily I . rich in vitamins / protein / iro n . \'Vrite olle wurd or phrase ill each bhulk. \Vhat we think of as comfort food depends on each 1 person/individual. it is alwa ys positive: Liver is rich in iron. 2 Vocabulary: describing food a Chocolate tastes so good because of its combination of sugar and fat. Listen again and complete this summary of the interview.g. but it tends to be 2 hot and fi lling. 3 People often eat garbage todny.! .~ olty / sllgmy / creamy / healthy / unhealthy / . USEFUL lANGUAGE 4 Speaking skills . 1011' in :>(/It I sllgor . These can be positive or negative: Eat your vegetable.I LANGUAGE NOTE We say a foo d is high / /011' in or full of something. using the Useful Language below. . there is a lot more fat and 6 sugar / sail in much uf the processed food we eat toda y. We usually eflt comfort foods when we fcol 3 upset/depressed . cabbage. They usually have a high 5 fat content and may be thought of today flS unhealthy. beans.~ tarchy X i:> f IlII of f at / sail / S Ug (lf / fi ber . c Do yotl have a hea lthy diet? Make a note of what YOIl eat on a typical day and discuss it ill p<lirs. cnrbohydra te V fat content V fruit and vegetables fiber grandma V healthy V low in calories mefltloaf v overweight V potatoes V sour sweet V Listen to the interview and check your answers. d In groups . lentils) red mea t rice yogu rt b Look at the foods in the picture and describe two of them. 5 The food industry shou ld cut down 011 fat flnd Sfllt in food. Do you agree with him? Why? I WilY not'l 1 We associate comfort foods w ith all!' childhood. 1 What balance of foods makes healthy diet? 2 Is obesity a problem in your count ry? Why / Why not? Is it worse thiHl twenty years flgo? 3 Is obesity in children a problem? b Can you think of olher ways of improving people's dieU . l lowever.ifltc with ollr mom and 4 .3 Listen ing skills a You are guing tu listen to an interview with a TV chefflbout "comfort food". They're full of vitalllins.grandma .. Check the ones you think you will hear in the interview.

the disagreement about his Some people say he was a converted Jew. b Which of these questions does the article answer? Check (. and he was unable to send a of 9. There is. He made two further voyages before the er of the century. taking Europeans across to colonize the new lands. l ID 2m 3 !!!l 4m 5 1!:) became a sailor at an early age and had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made famous voyage in 1492.. However. Columbus was not a well man and he diF' . 1500. in fact. What was in question.01d baCk. The Spanish say he was from Spain. .Serendipity - 1 Speaking skills How much do you know about Christopher Columbus? In groups.. Contrary to popular belief. ed the Americas. some evidence that he was born in 145 Genoa. and Columbus was By.00 ml e . Then decide on the correct order of the paragraphs. which is now part of I art Columbus left on the voyage of discovery from the south of Spain. ask and answer the questions you checked in Exercise 2b.l Islands (now part of IndoneSia).. try to find out the answers. QUI~IIY at the age of 55 in Valladolid. He was a I I nch man at the time of his death. Take.-. 2 Columbus began his journey in order to win glory and riches.. in chains.. fore a claSSIC case d n World was there . however. On his third voyage in 1498. Can you answer any ofthe othersY If not.y for a new route to the Sr'''e was that Columbus was I~ In~nd he believed he could rt. V' 1 Where was Columbus born and misedY 2 When did he leave his native country'! ict V 3 What were the reasons for the "voyage 4 5 V6 7 8 of discovery" in 1492? Who sponsored ColumbllS on his voyage of 1492Y Where exactly did he land at the end of the voyage? What were the reasons for the second and third voyages? What was the percentage of women traveling to the New World in 1498? What was the reason for his death in 1506Y c In pairs. on May 20 1 In hiS ~wn apartment attended by family and friends. 2 Rea d ing skills a Read the paragraphs about Columbus quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1.as not a happy one for Columbus. he also took women 10 the New World... - h~~. GLOSSARY serendillity when something valuable is disco\'ered by luck quest a search for something Everyone knows the name of Christopher Columbus. 5 He when he unexpect d had sailed for 3.~ea~~:~n ~~e East Indies. and. 3 Tht! crew of the three sh ips on the voyage of discovery was made up mainly of criminals.. In 1". other commo~. thiS time. Spain . st The discovery of the New them by sailing west rather th~n ea . Columbus: I known reason for this Voy~ge Of course . We do know that he sailed in part to fulfill a religious quest: he saw his journey~ a fulfillment of a divine plan for his life. the King and Queen soon I i saYln. so he was arrested and re turned to Spain ' . 1 Columbus set out to prove that the earth was round. of ~serendipity". was the size of the earth . "'-" i third voyage w. ch~lns. he ha -~ edly discover 0 . decide if these common beliefs about him <lrc true or false.I) those questions. traveling . Unit 5 E ureka! .. "I settlers rebelled against him. 6 No women traveled to the New World with Columbus.'2 ..its circumference. in a Spanish prison.'as with any historical icon.. for example. with a crew made up mainly of experienced sailor" from the area. 5 Columbus died in poverty. there are as many myths as truths about the man. 4 There is no doubt that Columbus was of Italian descent. Columb'os didn't sail to the Americas in order to find out whether the Earth was round: at the end of the 15th century almost everyc knew it was a sphere. and the Italians claim he was from Italy.g there had been a mistake.

Ask students Whol is the {uckiesllhing fhol has ever happened to yoU? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Pu t students into groups of four 10 discuss the "common beliefs" in Exercise 1. Afterwards. Ask students to lell you what difference. there is between the words they have matched. Write the words from the text below in two lists on the boord. Columbus was sponsored by Ferdinand V and Isabella of Spain. Ask students to put a checkmark next to the questions in Exercise zb that the article answers. he landed in what is now the Bahamas before soiling on to whal ore now Cuba and Haiti .Objectives Grammar Topic: the story of Christopher Columbus Reading a biographical article Writing a short story Speaking discussing myths about Columbus past perfect simple and prog ressive Write serendipi/y on the board and explain thol it means when something valuable is discovered by luck. Briefly discuss students' answers with the class. There ore many words in the text connected with travel. remind them to refer to the Glossary. Student answers will vary. LeI students check in pairs before sharing their answers with the class. disc uss with the whole class whether the ··beliefs·· in exercise 1 are true ur false. To take Europeans to colonize the new lands.Christopher Columbus . As students work on Exercise 2a . t .he. At the end of the first voyage. Then pili students ill pairs 10 ask and answer the questions. etc. if any. Answers: In the text: He was born in Genoa. To find the size of the Earth and to fu lfill a religious quest. and then ask students to match each word in A with its synonym in B. A reach joumey find set sail go back B discover leave voyage return arrive lin/atl Culture note Additional activity Inote: a voyage is a journey by seal Eureka! T 52 Unit 5 .. find Oul whether they know any other facts aboul Columbus.was born. This task can be very time-consuming unless students know how to approach it Plan to spend a little time preparing students for the task. A good way to start the task is to ask studenls 10 read the first line of each paragraph very quickly ond tell you which paragroph has to be the first.Columbus . grew up. died. When sludents report back to the class. Presentation alternative - Ask students what clues they might find in a biography that will help them put paragraphs in order: order of dotes: order of life events . reveal any truths at this stage. 2 Readi ng skills Set II time limit of five minutes and tell students thaI they have to read very quickly in order to put the paragraphs in order. Answers: They are all false . Ask students what grammatical clues might help order paragraphs in a story: use of the post perfect: use of before and affer: use of shortened forms and pronouns . but don'.

Go around the class helping students with ideas and vocabulary. Afterwards. Presentation alternative Introduce the shon story in exercise 4b and pre-teach vocabulary by writing the following phrases on the board and checking their meaning: off-duty (firefighter) = not working grab (0 fire extinguisher) = toke hold of suddenly a burning smell smoke put out a fire". You could let students compare their notes with those of a partner before they write their stories. Common problems and errors The form of the post perled progressive is long and complex. Go around the class and help... Give students a few minutes to think of a "serendipity" story of their own. Quick grammar guide The pas! perlecl simple and progressive ore used to refer back to something that happened earlier. The next student has to vvrite the next sentence. Then ask students to read the story and fill in the blanks with words from exercise 4a. using a connector. have students work in pairs to find past perfect sentences in the article. had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made his famous voyage in 1492 A . ask students to write the sentences on the board and underline the past perfect forms. he had been sailing for three weeks and had sailed for 3. Ask each student to write the first line of a story at the top of a piece of paper. Go through the example carefully in Exercise 3d . They have to use a connecting word in the sentence. sb Columbus felt depressed because tbe Portuguese king bad refused to help him. 3c Columbus was delighted when Isabel agreed to help because he had been looking for support for his journey. Uni15 T 53 Eureka! .000 miles. Students will make a variety of errors and will need plenty of practice. there had been a mistake The clause with the simple past happens first in time.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive In Exercise 3a . He thought he had arrived in the East Indies. Ask student readers to ask their partners at least two questions about their story. Ask students to write the story and then exclHlIlge it with a partner. Answers: 8 Columbus . and then ask them to use the questions in Exer cise 4c to help them make notes. Let students check their answers in pairs before you ask individuals to come to the board and write their sentences. Additional activity Put students into groups of four. Ask one person from each group to read their best story aloud.. They ore often used in narrafives and often used with connectors like ofter or before. Point out another use of the past perfect in the Language Note. and then ask students to make sentences.. extinguish Ask students what they think the short story in Exercise 4b might be about. Ask s1uden ts in pairs to choose the correct answer in Exercise 3b.. 4d Columbus was anxious to travel because he had been reading about Marco Polo. Students should pass on their pieces of paper so thaI each story goes around their group twiceresutting in four eight-line slories per group. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their note books and then work in pairs to complete it. Then ask. Answers: 2e Cohunbus was impatient to set off because he'd been thinking about this voyage for years. students to pass their piece of paper to the next student in a clockwise direction.. then pass the piece of paper. C .

E ureka! Unit 5 . laler.. put these connecting words and phrases in the table. Wh y did the King Gnd Queen apologize to Columbus? Because there hod been a mistake. 5 ~ I pulled off the road. Which part of the sentence happens first (in lime) . the clause with the simple past or the one with the past perfect? b Look at the diagram and choose the correct answer. in addition.000 miles when he discovered the Americas.. or It was raining to The sun \Vas shining. loo but. grabbed a fi re extinguisher. The past perfect tells us that something happened . we got married! c Think of a case of serendipity in your li fe or in the life of someone you know. eventually after that.us "W!lS fuzpP1J 1+"h. neith er .. when. LANGUAGE NOTE The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: b Read the short story and fill in the blanks with words or phrases from Exercise 4a. I had been driving for about 20 minntes 3 when I no ticed a strange burning smell. and . unless. You are going to read another short story about serendipity. change one evening to one morning. The manager let me use the phone to call a garage. when/where d id the event take place? what were you doing at the time? what had you been doing before the event? what was the unexpected thing that happened? • what was the result of Ihis unexpected event? d Use your notes to write the story (approximately 120 words) of "a case of serendipity" . . she had been passing the store at thai time! 'TWo years 8 laler . while either . 3 after the event in the simple past. e He'd been thinking about this voyage for years. 6 While ! wus talking. 4 Wri ti ng skills a Columbus' discovery of tile Americas is one of the most famous examples of serendipity. suddenly And-type links I __ sailed for 3. he had been traveling for three weeks. The woman explained Illat she was an off-du ty fire~figh ter..3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive a Look at these two sentences.000 miles ----.dJ. Columbus made journeys as far as Iceland and Guillea.In.. or. in the end. smoke started pouring out of the hood. although so. ® before the time referred to in the simple past. using connecting words and land? 2 Why was Columbus impatient to set off? 3 Why was Columbus delighted when Isabel agreed to help? 4 Why was Columbus anxious to travel? • • • • 5 Why did Columbus feel depressed? a He thought he had discovered the East Indies. Look at the underlined phrases in the story above an d try to use similar phrases in your story. was on my way home from work one evening 1 six years ago . nor. a woman ran in. because unfortunately.en k yeacfwd !and kcause he tlwughl he Iuui drtoYerrd the [ad. Time links six years ago. phrases where you can . ju mped out of the car. 1 at the same time as the events in the simple past. 1a cdw"rnj. and ran into a compute r store. 7 fo rtunalely . also. d Make sentences by joining the questions and answers below with because. 4 Suddenly . 3 Give it to anot her student to read.. also although as soon as because eventually fortunately in addition in the end luckily suddenly later too when while Find other sentences in the article using the pasl perfect. e He had been looking for support for his journey. fortunately. Usc the questions below to make notes about the story. e Look at the sentence and complete the rule for the past perfect p rogressive. First. . d He had been reading about Marco Polo. 1 Why was Columbus hap py when he reached I'll never forget the day I met the love of my life. 1 Write the story. Read you r partner's story and ask questions to fin d out more information . e. b The Portuguese King had refused to help him. and. as soon as.2 Read yo ur story and correct/edit it if necessary. When he unex pectedly discovered the Americas. PAST 1492 + But-type links NOW Cause and resuillinks Feelings and attitude Columbus had sailed for 3. II was raining 2 ~ the streets were deserted. and put out the fire.g. Find aile sentence in the article that means the same. Theil he made his famous voyage in 1492. We form the past perfect progressive with had + past part iciple + -ing verb.es. and then write your own story. luckily..

Thought-control computer How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts and acts upon them? You won't need a mouse or a keyboard. Give your reasons. With TiVo you can pause the action on TV. 1 already exist? 2 do you think are going to exist in the future? 3 will never exist? d Which of these gadgets would you like to have'! Why'! I Why not? 3 Prepare Write a description of your gadget (about 60 words). When you go back to normal viewing. or see aU the action as it happens in slow motion. Which of the gadgets . It can store up to 3. TiVo TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to interact with Jive TV. It allows you to send e·mails. think of inventions or discoveries that 2 Task In grou ps. invent a gadget that you think is go~ng to be useful to you or other members of your socmty. MultiPhone If you're looking for a cetlphone that lets you see the person who you 're talking to. ThiS is the ideal gadget if you su ffer from Repetitive Action Syndrome. the TV wil! continue from the point where you left off. Discuss these questi ons. tlw invention of plastic b Think of poss ible inventions that don't. ye! but that you think we need.by-line and then transfer it directly to your PC. and the cursor wilt move where you want it to.. much more! Handy scanner The C·Pen pocket scanner means you will never have to search the streets for a photocopy store again. this new mu lti·pu rpose phone will keep you happy. If we had a gadget for ironing automatically. Usc the texts below to help you. and for people who are physically disadvantaged. do online banking. and is basically a small portable scanner that can read and memorize a text line.1 Warm up a In groups. 1 What will it he used for? 2 Who might use it? 3 Where will it be used? (at home I in the office .. book travel tickets. It looks like a high lighter pen. and plays your favorite CDs. and that will eXIst In th o fut ure.. you just think of the command that you want to give to the computer. and l iVo keeps recording ahead so you won't miss a thing. c Read the descriptions below of four gadgets. and has Internet access.000 pages of text. life would be much easier for people. replay ii. and much . Unit5 E ureka! . ex ist. a video camera. J 4 Wi ll it be useful to a lot of people? 5 will it be attractive and stylish as well as useful? 6 will it he expensive? 7 Will it be easy to use" 8 will it sell in other countries? have changed our lifestyle in important ways..

first and second conditionals specialist magazine ads Ustening a description of a gadget Speaking inventing and presenting new gadgets 1 Warm up In Exerc ise la . have students work in groups again to think of possible inventions. In Exercise I e . Ask them 10 discuss their answers to the questions. Example: one person acts as a facilitator. One person draws 0 picture of the gadget. Answers will vary. Encourage all possibilities. ask students to write a short description of their gadget (60 words). 2 Task Divide students into groups of four to six to invent their gadget.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventing gadgets Reading defining relative clauses. making sure everyone speaks. Eureka! T 54 Unit 5 . Let them discuss their answers in their groups before describing them to the whole class. then elicit a class list and write it on the board . have students in groups make a list of inventions or discoveries. In Exercise lb . One person writes notes. Presentation alternative 3 Prepare Using the ideas from exercise 2. Assign students roles in their group. ask students to feod the descriptions and answer the questions.

. Unit 5 T 55 Eureka! . ready 10 answer questions. our gadget is called CyberBug. around.. You can put the box in your bog or briefcase...colored plastic . and ask questions.. Divide the closs fnta Group A and Group B... t . '1J Iii' •• 5 Compare Play the aud io for Exercise 5. Write a lisl of everyday objects on the boord.. One person from each group has 10 lurn around so that he/she con'l see the board. ff you're looking for a cell phone that lets you . . Put students in pairs 10 lind and underline examples in the lexts in Exercise 6a. one person from each group 10 stand next 10 the description. 8 Excuse me? A Yes. CyberBug is a device that allows you to listen in on people's conversations. Answers: TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to . For example: cellphone camera MPJ player Discmon TV remote control Each group has to describe words to the person who can't see them. basically a small portable scanner that can road. .4 Feedback Ask for a few volunteers to tell the class about their gadgets.. Additional activity Collecllhe wriHen descriptions and posllhem on the walls of the classroom. Answers: CyberBug is a device thai allows you to listen in on poop Ie's conversations . uh .. let them check their answers in pairs. 8 Is the eorpiece obvious? A Not at all. and you can hear people who are talking up to 50 meters owoy.. and a small earpiece.. A Okay. Ask students to listen for answers to the questions and then d iscuss them in small groups or as a whole class. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to think of an everyday objcct and how to describe it. How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts . read the descriptions of the gadgets on the wall.. he/she can move on to Ihe next word. Which group can guess alilhe words first? ~~.'----------------------------------. Ask students to work with a new partner to describe their ohjects. 6 Notice Read through the rules about relative clauses and go ovor tho oxamples as a class... Then have a class vote. Ask the rest of the closs 10 walk. When the student has guessed the word. in your in-troy at work. or even on your belt at the gym.. Ask. It consists of a little box that contains a microphone and amplifier. Irs very small and irs mode of skin. fo r people who are physically disadvantaged After students have completed Exercise 6b..

7 Follow up Choose an everyday object. II is a precaution that police can use to slop drink driving. yJUY caY. To do this we use clauses beginning with th at.. 3 It is a precaution . Take notes on the other groups' inventions.fuf. If the information is essential to the meaning of the senlence. Don't name the object! Can your partner guess what it is? E ureka! Unit S . It fits in your car. which. a Read the descriptions in Exercise 1 again and underline examples of relative clauses.4 Feedback a Describe your invention to the class.. This measures your reaction times. 7k . [f your reaction times are slow. The police can pick up the signal. according to the criteria in questions 4-8 of Exercise 2. Police can use it to stop drunk driving. Do they describe things or people? What information do they give us? b Combine the sentences in each pair with a relative pronoun.. The sensor is attached to a computer that measures your reaction limes. 5 If your reaction times are slow. The switch immobilizes your car. we do not use commas: CyberBug is a device that allows YOIl to listen in on people's conversations. Make notes about it and describe it to your partner. Answer !J18 questions. The sensor identifies people who have had too much to drink. 6 It also contains a switch. The poUce can then arrest people who are drunk and shouldn't be in their cars. fd. 1 What is it and what does it do? 2 Would you like to have one? 3 When would you use it if you had it? 6 Notice 'Using relative clauses in descriptions When we describe ob jects (or people) we often add information that gives important details or differentiates the object (or person) from others. 7 The police can then arrest people.d 5e"-'" ~ a 9mOfl gadfJd !:Iuzf.. The people are drunk and shouldn·t be in their cars. it sends out a signal that the police can pick up. It consists of a little box thai con/oins a microphone . and ask questions about them if you want. b Vote on the best invention in the class. 5 Compare ~ Listen 10 someone describing a new invention. . 2 The sensor identifies people. 4 The sensor is attached to a computer. II also contains a switch that immobilizes your car. or who. The people have had too much to drink.s on. you can hoor people who are talking up to 50 meters oway. it sends out a signal. 1 The Alcohol Sensor is a small gadget.

Vocabulary Summary Home Office water cooler photocopier fax machine Both answering machine filing cabinet washing machine dishwasher arrnchaK food proce=. using the clues given or your own ideas.. ) They missed t he pl ane hecause they had arrived too late.e. after. food p rocessor Note the difference between the simple past arx::I the past perfect: I cutting hoard We were really late and when we 8IriIIed at the party. We put a comma after the if clause if it comes at the beginning of the sentence.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Sum mary 1 Third conditional Use To talk about actions or Situations in the past that are contrary to knoINn facts. .. bitler. high in . our friends left. sugar.. rNe arrived.. ironing board oIarrn clock paperclip hole punche< correction fluid sticky notes mou"" pad 2 If ' hadn't met .. happen. wouJdn '/ have fJflded in the '990s.. UnitS Eureka! . heart problem Will had been experiencing pain for several weeks before his was diagnosed. (Our friends left. i. cutlins honrd 2 Past pertect simple and progressive Use To show sequence in the past. 4 Why were the streets wet? (rain . our friends had 18ft.. filing cabinet 2 Describing food Nutrients: carbohydrates. thel1 our friends left. The past perfect progressive is used for ongoing actions or situations 'Nhich continued until. fiber. ~'Cau se she h 011 heen crying.. when in reality it did: If Fleming hadn't discovered peniciUin. sour. Find two types of food In the box that are usually ... 3 If I had won . fatly. sally. creamy. Fonn If + 5 Why were her eyes red? (cry . then we arrived. or stopped just before the past time we are talKing about: sugary. I had become quite profICient in Spanish befrxe I visited Latin Amerk:a.'ho find it difficult to wake up in the morning! al arm clock 6 This is a type 01 cabinelthat we use lor storing files arx::I papers... so I didn't want to last night. for an action that happeoed before another.. she wouldn't have met Jeff. dishtowel cutting board 1 Everyday objects Read these descriptions of gadgets and decide which object from the box they describe. 4 If I had been born in .) We were really /ate and when we anived at the party. .. healthy..) 2 Why did Mike have a stomachache? (eat a lot . Compktte the third conditional sentences. 1 This is something that I use 'Nhen I want to cut up vegetables.. 1 high in salt 4 oity but healthy 2 sour to the taste 5 rich in vitamins 3 very unhealthy 6 starchy We had been living in Chile for several months before we really feJt at home there.. vitamins. 2 It's a device that makes holes in sheets of paper.'Cause he had ~'Cn drinking.'ho are not at home or in the offIce.. he wouldn't have failed his 6 Why did he wreck the car? (drink . We can put the clauses in either order: Penny wouldn't have met Jeff if she hadn't gone to the party. fats. arx::I minerels Adjectives describing food: sweet. starchy Expressions: full of ' ..- 1 If I hadn't studied . (Fleming did discover penicillin. (The Russians didn't use nuclear weapons in the Cold War. unhealthy. exams. low in . If Penny hadn't gone to the party. rich in ..hole punch er 3 This machine takes telephone messages for people v.. If Ross had studied harder... it Fonn past perfect si~: subtect + had + past participle I had already seen the movie. when.. Think of explanations for the following problems..) Isabel left ' oh n because sh e h ad fa llen in love with someone else.) The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: 5 This is very useful for people v. ) Mike hu d a stom ach ach e because h e h ad eaten too much .) He wreck~d the car 1 >t. ) Her eyes were red would / wouldn't + have + past participle past perfect. It is oftElfl used with connectors such as before. when we imagine consequences of actions that in reality didn't happen: If the Russians had used nuclear weap::l(lS in the Cold War. She got her degree after she had completed all the courses successfully.. ) The streets were wet because it had been raining I it had ra ined . Then underline the relative clause in each one. answer i n g machine 4 This is a machine that you use for a lOt of jobs when you're cooking.. 8/ot of peopJe would have died from bacterial infection. then compare them with a partner. oiy. 3 Why did they miss the plane? (arrive late .) We can also imagine consequences of something that did not 1 INhy did Isabel leave John? (fall Il love . protein. see it again past perfect progressive: subject + had + been + -ing verb Susan had been waiting frx an hour before Tom anNed. Why did they award her the Nobel Prize? Because she had fought for peace aU her life..

0 If I notice that the other person doesn't understand me. • You also want to know if it's okay to say "to move on a diet" in English. rarely = 1 . show it to your partner. discuss what you do in these situations. Then I have to st op and that really frustrat es 20 I' m tal king and everything's okay. 2 Speak English in groups during class. ® say that again. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: making opportunities to speak English Talk to your partner about how you could speak more English. 1 Speak English in pairs during class.. Um .U > L. 2 Strategies for getting around problems when speaking a However much you practice speaking English. ~ . I .. - 8 Speak English to native speakers. 4 Talk to classmates in English outside of the classroom. 4 Talk for one minute non-stop about what attracts you to other people. but talk quickly. Look at these groups of phrases and match them with the situations in Exercise 2a. you mean that you want to leave the jOb? 7 Speak English to other non-native speakers... Did you write a discursive essay? If so. Note: you will have to report back on your action plan at the end of Unit 6. b In groups. . 1 Talk about your fam ily. me.. And the pressure makes my m ind go blank. 1 From now on. I want to leave @ myjob. Then the other person says somet hing and I'm suddenly lost because I don't understand them. talk about your action plan from page 47.. I usually panic . let me think . I am going to speak more English outside of class by . S Talk to friends in English. often = 3 b Add up your score and check the key on page 149. Eureka l Unit5 .U o 0. So. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 mreo sometimes often 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O· 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 c A gcxx:l way to manage these problems is to learn some phrases to use when these situations occur. "- 10 I'm speaking and suddenly I need a word or ph rase but I don't know it in English. 9 Speak English to native or non-native speakers on the phone. 11 Record yourself doing a role play or 12 reading aloud. please? 1 Could you speak a little more slowty I I'm sorry. $coring Add up the fX>ints you received for each question: never = 0. what I want to say is I want to leave my job. Check that your partner understands. I didn't understand the part when you said you wanted to leave the job. ... sometimes = 2. I need t ime to think exactly how I'm going to say it. . Practice the strategies.. see how much you can remember about discursive essays arKllheri compare your ideas with page 47. how can I put it? I want to leave my job.. 0 0 0 0 ill bottles of wine? 2 Is that clear? Do you understand me? @) What I mean is. 6 Talk to American friends in English. for example at an English language club. 3 Ask your partner to help you: • You don't know the word for people who are addicted to chocolate. 10 Use a dictionalY to help with pronunciation and stress.. Have imaginary conversations in English. I want to leave the job. This is normal when you learn any foreign language. 3 Practicing the strategies ~ a Usten and repeat the phrases from Exercise 2c. ::J questionnaire .0 Sometimes I feel pressured when I have to say something .z z o C) ~ Speaking 1 Maximizing opportunities to speak English a The best way to improve your speaking is to speak! Check hOw well you are doing by complet ing this ij<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan: Discursive essays In pairs. look at the problems these students of English have and check the ones you have experienced. 3 What do you call that thing for opening Is there a word or expression for when you can't think because your mind is frozen? Can you say "my mind went blank" in English? 4 Uh. Then complete this action plan . Well. take turns talking about these situations. ex Speak up! Are you missing those valuable chances to practice your speaking? Take this little test and find out by checking the boxes on the right.. 2 From now on. If not.. 3 Speak English to your teacher in class. I am going to speak more English in class by . How often do you do the following? >- o --l L. That ma kes me feel very insecure. b In pairs. 2 Talk about your studiesljob. there 'Nill always be moments INhen you get stuck.

J cill1 'l have left it there.am + past participle Use: for certainly that something is true.. I already looked. B No.000 plays.m.u.. J must have done that. 2 How big was Shakespeare's vocabulary? a} 3..:cJjn't JuiVl!.. I'll check. or Philip. and for possihility .ighL.. my cell phone. A Have you s(. Unil6 WOfds. . B Well . 1 Shakespeare wrote lots of plays. for certainty that something is nol true. b) 200 (3)2. That's (j J supposo Or it ~~.'Cn my wallet? I can't find it anywhere.000 words! 3 ~11~ h.:~v ~een AlLert.JlliI>-.m. discuss your answers..IdI. words.. 2 Grammar: deduction and possibility in the past Listen to some sentences fro m the discussion.000 words c) 370. Form : modal vern + . Guess the answers if you don't know them . my glasses) and change the places suggested flbove. Do you agree? ~ c Listen to some peop le discussing the q uestions and check your answers.000 4 In which country were Panama hats first made? a) Panama 3 Pronunciation: co ntractions Listen to the sen tences from Exercise 2a again. or . A No.written the same number. e} They wrote the same number of plays . @ Ecuador c) the United States 5 What are the Canary Islands named after? a) a type of bird @ a type of dog c) the daughter of a queen 6 What was the first name of King George VI of England? a) George b) Philip @JAlbert b In pairs. it isn't there.700 words 4 he j 'hl hav Titten 200 plflYs.1 Speaking ski lls a Take the quiz below.ld. L How certAin arc the speakers in each of the sentences above? Put the number of the sen tence in tho correct place.co. 2 So Shnkospellrc€ 91ad a vocabulary of 37. Complete them with modal verbs. You could have left it in the car. A No.. @»They died on the same day. you mighl have put it in the dmwer. ® 37. I have h. Circ:le the contractions YOll hear in Exercise 2a. we use . I didn·t take it out with me. then practice it with II partner.vnyrdn'l h~ written 2. ~ no idea.".000 words 3 Approximately how many plays did lope de Vega write? a) 20 Tho spoaker is 100% suro thi s is not true The speaker is f 1 3 4 5 6 2 100% sure this is true c Now complete these rules about ded uction and possibility in the past. c Cover the dialogue and practice it again.h. keys. words . . That's 1 What do William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes have in common? a) They were born on the ndlct~ possibl ~ same day. the remote control.g. 5 But they cou l( have orne from Ecuador..1 or CQuldn'l . A Oh. Listen to tl~loglle. This time change IV(Jl/fJ/ (e. H Ah! Then yOlL must hilve left it in the bed room when you c1wnged earlier.-~:::-. yes. so theyG n'U ~wrillen the same number. thoy .ust. .ll.

2.20 or b. they couldn·t have been named after the doughter of a queen C Why nof? S How many girls have you met named Canary? e (laughs] R ight . King Lear. Da you two know Lope de Vega? e I've heard of him. 1"11 just check . All Fine. (pauses to readl b! Correct . A Good thinking' So irs either a or b. 200? C Well. comedies. lers soy thaI.. Lost question. and tragedies. I Okay. words. The answer is c. Bul he couldn·t have wrinen 2. Ask students to do Exer ci se 3e in pairs. They must have been mode in Panama. thaI's stupid. question 1. Albert. should I look at the answer? Right . A You do? C Irs a type of dog. t agree. B Okay. b. but Panama is 100 obvious. Irs c. Wow.OOO! Lers look at question 3. go ahead. Next question. I have no idea e Me.'righL He wrote histories. Ecuador e WeH.16161 was England's greatest ployv. In which country were BR Panama hats first made? C Easy. What do you think? B Well. neither. we're wrong. Miguel de Cervantes 11547-16161 was a Spanish author and dramafist. a possibility. but they did hove records of the death of famous people. too. Thors ridiculous l A I agree. B Yeah. B I'm impressedl Okay. Thars possible. irs too obvious. So what do you think? B I've read thaI Ihe overage adult these days has a vocabulary of between 25. B No. S Okay.000 plays. I"m sure that Panama hals were first made in Panama l B Okay. What are the Canary Islands named after? A Let me lake a look. notably Hamlet. B Yes. Well.and there were dogs on the islonds when they were first discovered.irs b. dramatist. and then have them circle the contractions they hear on the audio. question 2. Culture note 2 Grammar: de d uction and possibility in the past Play the audio and ask students to complet e the sentences in Exercise 2a with the modal verb they hear. man. elicit answers from the Shakespeare 11564.000 words! A Yep. A Okay.. Play the audio for Exercise 1e. And the correct answer is . and novelist who wrote ploys about love and honor. A Yep.37. A So. but thaI's ali.000 words. Draw a line all the board. The Canary Islands were named after dogs! B Well . we did ok . like the one in Exer cise 2b . Question 4. ighI.. Bul why are they called Panama hots Ihen? B I don't know. / So. Ask students in pairs to complete the rules in Exercise 2e.000. e Well. Ask students where they think the other sentences go on the line. Ask students to listen and read and underline or circle any part of the dialogue where there is a contraction. LeI's check. C No. how did you know thaf? C I learned rt in latin. so they can't have wrinen the same number.. Monitor students for pronunciation mistakes with contractions. lope de Vega 1l562~16351 was a Spanish poet. Shakespeare's vocabulary. that was George III. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. me. didn't Cervantes write mostly novels? And Shakespeare wrole lots of plays.. because people didn·t have records of births in those days.. George Vl's first name. A Was he the crazy one? B No. con I lake over here? A Yeah. B WOWI Thars amazing I Hey. so should we go for 0. I know the answer. e I think irs more likely b. but George was one of his names. Anyway. And the answer is. I The audioscripts for Track 25 and Track 2G ore on page T59 "::.. fltlSWers with Il partner. I'll take a look. I suppose he might have written 200 plays. No. words T 58 Unit 6 .000 and 60. A Yeah. II comes from the Latin word for dog ~ canis . Darren's right. ond Romeo and Juliet. 24~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------. calm down. ~ 3 Pronunciation: contractions Draw students' attention to the example in Exercise 3<1 .Objectives Grammar Topic: William Shakespeare Vocabulary literature Pronunciation contractions deduction and possibility in the past: must/cou/dlmightl can" + have + past participle Ustening Speaking a literary mystery a radio interview taking and discussing a quiz Reading Write on the board : William Shakespeare Miguel de Cervantes Lope de Vega Ask students What do these people have in common? Whol do you know about them? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills When students have tAken the quiz Ilnd discussed dass to find Ollt what students guessed . Very good l Okay. best known for Don Quixote. Ask students to listen and check their answers.1 I Words. A Is that so? e So Shakespeare must"ve hod a vocabulary of 37. and write 100% not Sllrc to the left of it and 100% sure to the rigbt. But Ihey could hove come from Ecuador. I don·t think so. his name could have been George A Or il may have been Albert or Philip.

t can't have left iT there. lhors not quite true. As k students to listen . 8 Ah! Then you must have left it in the bedroom when you changed earlier. Ask stud enls 10 listen and c h eck their answers. 5 Reading ski lis Put sh!dents in pnirs to discuss th eir answer s to Exercises Sa and sb. Interviewer Prolessor Price.000 words. 6 Vocabulary: literature Ask st udents to comp lete the table in EXI~rcise 6a. "~ For Exercise 2 on poge 58 " 1 Shakespeare wrote lots 01 plays. There appears to be some controversy about Ihe great man today. Where did that come from? Price GQad question. All we really know is that he was born in Stratford. 2 So Shakespeare must have had a vocabulary 01 37. We also know for a loci that William didn't go to university and he may oot even hove gone to the Iocol school. I have no ideo. yel William of Stratford's two daughters could not read or write. Thars possible. no. William Shakespeare? [)on't we know who really wrote the greatest ploys in the English language? Price Well. 8 Well. 6 Or it may have been Albert or Philip. Hc must have gone 1 collosc or His jather may have beell rich. th en do Exercise 6d as a whole class. we do know he was an oClor. This is very odd. Interviewer BuT surely we have evidence that he was the writer? Price Not really. so let me begin by asking you why some people say Shakespeare didn't wrile the works of . and that he d ied a rich man on April the 23rd. but he wasn't on educated man. A No. I~ For Exercise 3 00 poge 58 " A Have you seen my wallet? t can't find it anywhere. Give stu dents a four-minute time limit to thin k o f ideas_ Th en e l icit a class list and wrile it on the board. For example. [n Exercise 4d . pu t stu dents in pairs to list r eason s w h y Shakespeare could n ot have w ritten the plays. Interviewer We know that Shakespeare hod a huge vocabulary. There are no direct connections between this actor and businessman and the man who is known as the greatest writer in the English language. and we know that he was a businessman . t didn't take it out with me. t must have done that. You could have left it in the em. and VIOla? Anolher curious point is thai in his will. Interviewer But do we know he was 0 writer and an aclor? Price Well. His porents couldn'l read or write and probably hod no books. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 6c in pairs.000 wards! 3 But he couldn't have written 2. B No. Play Ihe audio agai n . so if their son was indeed the writer William Shakespeare. Could this be the man wh o wrote Hamiel. He was a respected man in the community.000 plays. A Oh. the greatest play in the English language? And if he did not write the ploys and poems 01 Shakespeare. The writer William Shakespeare had a vocabulary of 37. I'll check. 1614. they sh ould try to u se modals to specu late. Briefl y discuss answers w ith the class.. although William Shakespeare is coosidered the greatest writer in the English language. The loct is. words. Yes. o o ~ Play the audio for Exercise 4b. Let th em check in pairs b efore the y [oak at th o Vocabulary Sum mary for Exercise lib. 5 But they could have come from Ecuador. you're an authority on Shakespeare. tnterviewer And his family? What about his porents? Price We know that his father worked with animal skins and was possibly a butcher. in Stratford. Some people believe thal lhe lillie we do know about the man Iram Stratford suggests that he couldn't have written the marvelous plays and poems 01 the outhor "Williom Shakespeare'. Then ask students to writ e a few sentences compari ng de Vere and Shakespeare and telling why de Vere is a likely wri ter. yes. il isn't there. that they had three children. wards . Shakespeare does not mention any books or any connections at all with his life as a writer. 27'------------------------------------------------------------. Tell stuclents thaI it doesn't matter iftht:y dOll 't kn ow any answers. he appears a little later as the au thor of highly cultured poems and plays. you might have put il in The drower. which was twice as large as mast cultured men 01 his time. then who did? Unit 6 T 59 Words. Thafs ridiculous ! 4 I suppose he might have written 200 ploys. he couldn't have gotten his incredible learning from being at home till he was 20 years old l Yet.. could this be the some man who created such wonderfully intelligent female characters os Portia. we actually know very little about his life. il is a bit 01 a mystery. that he married Ann Hathaway.and thars about it. so he con't have hod a very good edu{Qtion.4 Listening skills Divide the class into groups of four to discuss the areas in Exercise 4a . I already looked. Rosalind.md answer the questions in Exercise 4c. The question is. A No. Indeed. so they can't have written the same number. he wrote over 37 ploys and more thon 150 poems.

He was the son-inlaw of the most powerful man in the kingdom . but this seems un likely as he was assassinated ve ry young and couldn't have w ritten so many works.the Prime Minister . his fami ly his background h is education h is profession ~ b Listen to a radio interview about William Shakespeare and check your answers. But if this is all true. People say only de Vere could have attacked the Prime Minister and gotten away with it.espcarc". S Reading ski lls a If Shakespeare d id not write the "works ofWilJiam Shakespeare". the 17th Earl of Oxford. pointing to the most popular candidate nowadays. Did anything surprise you about the infomwtion? Whan ~ c Listen again and answer these questions abou t Shakespeare. Kind of writing poetry novel p lay hislory book hiogra phy drama movie screenplays newspHJler Wriler poet noveli st phlywright historian biographer d ramalist scnJen wriler journalist 2 3 4 5 o 7 H Where was he from? Strutf ord (Ens land) Who was he married to" A nn HuthUl vuy How many chi ldren did they have? 3 Whal exactly did he do fo r a living'~ oc/orlbusinessnUln What job did his father do'~ worked will! utlinlfl J skins I possibly u butch er Howald was he when ho left home'? 20 How many poems d id he wr i te'~ more thun 150 How many words did he know lind use in Engl i sh '~ 37. but his writings are very different fro m Shakespeare's.4 Listening skills a \V hal kind o f man (10 you think William Shakespeare was? In groups. then who did? Read the text helow and check IV ) the most likely candidnte. e In pnirs.who is made fun of in Hamlet. Many people believe that whoever "Shakespeare" was. William of Stratford would have been imprisoned or executed! De Vere was a respected wnter who stopped writing just when a genius called ~WiJliam Shakespeare" appeared on t he scene. 5~. He studied law and traveled to Italy.. There have been a number of theories about w ho might have w ritten the greatest w orks of literature in the Engl ish langu age . One offers Francis Bacon. a high ly educated man for his ti me. and all his plays have mysteriously disappeared. words . 1 Whnt arc the three most popular forms of reading'? 2 Which kinds of writing docs nohody read'! c Wrile brief notes oflhe reasons why de Vere is considered Ihe most likely writer of the "wO!'ks of William Shak. which everybody agrees "Shakespeare" must have done. His poems and letters use many unusual expressions that are also found in Shakespeare's works. This romantiC character would have made the perfect Hamlet. discuss thuse areas.000 d In pa irs. Ch ristoph er Marlow e. Another t heory cites the great playwrigh t of t he time. Thon compare wi th a partner. discuss theso qt!(lslions. he must have been an aristocrat. 1 6 Vocab ul ary: literature a Complete lhe lub le with words and phrases about literature. Edward de Vere. )1£ """'if >Ui hm< if"" 10 !dud. make II list of reasons from the listening for why William Shakespeare cou ld not havo wrillellihe fnmolls plays and poems. words. his biography fits perfectly. as some of his plays draw so much on the country.k your answers in tho Vocabulary Summary 011 page 60. why did he hide behind the mask of "William Shakespeare"? Words. 1 Which of the kinds of writing in the lab Ie do YOll rend in English'r 2 Which do you read in your OWI1 lal1guagc? 3 Do you hnve a favorite wrilcr? 4 Who is the most fnmous writel' in your country? d Conduct a class survey nnd find out the answers to Ihose questions. ddn'/ If' 10 aUcge. b Ca n you guess the answer to lhe last qlleslion in the texr~ b Che(.

® I was bom in the back room of a shadowy house. Read and malch each one with an opening extract. Colonel. h Read lhe opening extracts from four stories. What kind of books / stories do you like to read"' Why? Choose from the reasons below.Fiction • 1 Speaki ng skills a Look at the wards in the box. GLOSSARY h At that ti me Mac . but none of those thmgs m~de me melancholy. bUilt on the bank of a river of clear water thai ran a ong a bed of polished stones . Guess what kind of story or book each one opens.extracted a molar . discuss these questions. and grew up amidst ancient fumiture. lannis had enJoy none of his patients had Ie c [n pairs. according to a book of names my mother consu lted. 1 Why is Ihe opening sentence of a story very important? 2 Which extract most makes you want to read more? How docs it do this? Unit 6 to kill prisoners by shooting them mummies dead bod ies preserved and wrapped in cloth (in Ancient Egypt) melancholy fee li ng very sad and without hope cnlving when a female cow is having a baby. and human mummies. - CD Years later. because I came into the world With a breath of jungle in my memory. facing the firing squad. - • • • • • to relax to be entertained to learn something new to be moved to escllpe from reality to" " . The first time I ran away from school . on a was a village of twenty adobe O" SCS. • USEFUL LANGUAGE Num ber one looks like it comes from a thriller. ® He had attended a surprisingly easy calving. lanced one abscess... . That can't be from a poem! 11 could be fro m a biography. Dr. words . she is calving abscess 8 painful swollen area on your skin or inside your body molar large tooth at tho back of the mouth Juvenile Hall a home for boys who got into trouble b Whi ch wortls helped you connect the sentences with the openi ng extracts? Underline them and compare with a partner. book. adventure/act ion stories amusing/funny books detective/police stories historical novels horror stories love stories non-fiction science fiction short stories thrillers 2 Readi ng ski lls a These four extracts foll ow the opening extracts in Exercise 1b. Aurcliano Buendia would remember th~t dlstan~ afternoon when his father took him to discover Ice. 17\ ~ ' .. cd a sausfactory d aY in which d· d or gotten any worse. Words. which means "l ife". words.s in Latin . © @ d h 'd both been in and out They were brothers a~ t ey " of juvenL e Hall five urnes. d ' was ten " firing squad a small group of soldiers whose job is @ My name is Eva.. . ® Two o 'dcr guys talked me into it.

. words T 60 Unit 6 . or even non-fiction... words. introduce characters. Answers: A 3: key words "My name is .'calving" C 2: key words: "l\vo older guys . lord of the Rings Introduce the topic •• 1 Speaking skills Model the activity briefly.. set the scene. 2 Reading skills Briefly introduce Exercise 2b by eliciting students' answers to exercise l b as a whole class. and find out what types of books are the mosl popular. Ask students to match the extracts.. by describing what stories you like to read. " "They wore brothers . Perhaps an amusing book. then discuss Ihe question in exercise 2b wilh a partner. Ask Whars this novel called in your language? Who wrote if? What sorl of story is it? Have you read it? Whars if about? Would you recommend it? Why? Why nof? Suggested novels: One Hundred Years of Solitude.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: genres of fiction Reading Writing the continuation of a story figuring oul meaning from context extracts from novels Speaking discussing booKs and reasons for reading - Write the names of three or four well-known novels on the board and ask students oboullhem. Answers to the second question will vary. Briefly elicit answers from the class. Possible answers: 1 2 3 4 Perhaps from an adventure/action story. Answers: The opening sentence is important because it must catch the reader's attention. and then ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise la. He" .. Remind Ihem to refer to the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. Like Water for Chocolate. Probably nOD-fiction. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise l b. Unclear . and make the reader want to continue.it must be autobiographical. a historical novel. Answers may vary. Possibly a fUrulY book. It could be an autobiography. D 1: key words: "that distant afternoon" "At that time" Words. " "I came into the world" B 4: key words: "Or lannis" "palients" '. " "I was born . Ask students to continue to work in pairs to discuss Exercise l c..

Read through the strategies with students before they do the task. They must have felt happy. 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Ask students to work in pairs to figure out the meanings. Ask students to read tho actual continuation on page 147 ohhe Student's Book. words . Let students check in pairs before going through the answers as a class. then elicit answers fTOm the class. Refer students to Develop Your Learning on page 35. Move around the class. Have students vote on which is best. The older boys may have felt il wasn't worth goi ng to. Unit6 T 61 Words. Ask students to read the story to check their predictions. or quickly put students into small groups and have a couple of volunteers sharo theirs aloud. words. But the narrator doesn't know them well. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2e. Ask In what ways is the actual continuation different from your stoIJ'? Additional activity Collect the paragraphs and publish them by posting them on the classroom walls.Ask students to look at the phrases fro m the story in Exercise 2c . Encourage them to use past modals to specu late. ask some volunteers to read their stories aloud to the class. Possible answers: The older boys do. Then ask students to read all the stories and decide which ane they like best and why. The narrator must have felt nervous. They may have played hookey because they were juvenile delinquents I they were bored and haled school ! it was a nice day. Have students talk in pai rs briefly to predict the story. monitoring and helping with ideas and vocabulary. When students have finished. Ask students to read the story again and write true or false next to the statements in Exercise 2d . Answers: moved a bike by pushing the pedals (what you put your feet on) a narrow stream a type of smaJl. they are brothers. edible freshwater lobster somothing you use to attract and catch fish a type of meat food betweenlwo pieces of bread chocolate candy pieces softened in the sun bottom of a river or creek with no water said ··no·· Hi 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow lhe steps in Exercise 4 to continue the story.

False Words. Use the strategies from Develop Your Learning on page 35 to figure out their meanings. such as adjectives. We caught crawdads 'Nith marshmalk'JW bait then tore the shells off them and used \.. words Unil6 ... stole three bikes a short vacation at the edge of the Arroyo a big flat rock tore the package open reached Los Angeles They told me it would just be like taking a shOrt vacation . A carrot vvrapped in wax paper 'Nith a rubber bard arourd it.. 3 Make notes on the basic events.. 4 Think of a sentence that will continue s~ooth l y from the last part of the story..getes was wtlen my aunt took me to the Farmer's t>Aarket in her '44 Dodge to loOk at the myna birds.Nering our bikes dQIM1 into the aqueduct and riding along the dry bed IJltil we reached lOS. or d ramatic. Especialty cold and between bread . The bike I stole was too big for me so I could r. We hid the bikes in a stand of eucatyptus trees at the edge of the Afra'IO and. guess the answers to these questions..AngeleS. Which is the best continuation? d To find out bow the original story continues... When you have finished. False 3 They had fish for lunch. Are these statements true or false? 1 The boys went on a vacation .. \.j. Look at the phrases that come from it and guess which story it is.. ttreijr meat to catch more cravvdads. Unit 5. I must have been six then.. I atwaYS hated meatloaf. words.c You are now going to read the next part of one of the stories. and wlil catch the attention of the reader.. c Read your paragraph aloud to the class.. sad. Try to predict what might happen in the story. False 4 The narrator gave his lunch to the other boys. etc.. e In pairs.. False 2 They took their bikes with them. I spread the contents of the paper bag ~ out on a big !\at rock. The ooty otrer time I'd fNf$ been to los t>r. page 53).-ent doNn the creek. 5 Add details to your notes. especially the last sentence. adverbs of manner..ever sit up en the seat all the Wf.... Follow Ulese steps: 1 Look at the lasl few lines of the story. for snakes until one of them got the idea of IcJ. I pedaled standing.. 2 Decide if the next part is going to be funny. 1 pedaled 2 creek 3 crawdads 4 bait 5 meatloaf sandwich 6 a melted bag of M & M's 7 dry bed 8 dedined 4 Writing skills a Now continue the story in pairs. went. Imagine that you are the narrator. 't d Read the story again.. Wrtff(1lunchtime came I had to share my lunch 'Nith the brotherS beCaUse they'd forgotten to bring theirs. 5 The narrator ate meatloaf sandwich and chocolate. even though I suspected LA was at least a hurdred miles ~. 1 Do the boys know each other well? 2 Why did they play hooky? 3 How do you think they felt about school? 4 How did they feel when they stole tbe bikes? 5 How about when they caught the crawclads? 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Look at tbese words from the slory. go to page 147. Draw on your own experience and imagination .r. then read the extract and check your predictions. I didn't eat any of the meatloaf sardwich eijther. The rest of the afternoon we climbed around the hills looking . 1m. check your writing. 6 Start forming sentences. adding connecting words (See Writing Skills. I said 'yes' to ev6!'jthing. So I \. Tore the package open and tiCked the chOCOlate off the paper. They ate the M & Ms first. They offered me a licI< but I declined. b Now write the next paragraph of the story. A meatloaf sandwich· A metted bag of M & Ms. We stole three bikes out of a back yard and took off for the Afra'IO Seco.

_.' e . has made his creator wealthier than Quee Elizabeth II.. e. it got rave reviews on both sides of me Atlantic. W()(ds. • In the years slOce the appearance of the first H arry Potter story. on e of the richest women in the world. it was announced that J. which have led to the publication of four sequels so far.. unemployed. me . They must have been ..:s ~~:~. or maybe because of it. world-. K. J. Rawling.K. Like that of her character.a mous writer.K. J 1 2: The novelist's first attempt was turned down by several __ publishers.~::~i~hle~k your ideas from ExerciseO~~. I you might see the artIc os that the hcadl'Ines Come from? 1 /1 mUst USEFUL LANGUAGE be about . How do la:~c. is now richer than the Queen of England. the author of h you think her n h t 0 Harry Polter books is b Read th .K. .:: the Harry POller movie~. Ie will express a 1\ e poml of View? Why? 3 Where do you think . author of the fantasy novels that arc popular with young and old alike.Fact to fantasy 1 Speaking ski Us a ::::nOle5 of everything you know 1 the Harry POlter books :..lIIother thillS. OWan( make The headlines have bee 'k fro 'I naen m arl l~ es. with a fortune estimated at one billion dollars. .. Rowling has become a full-time writer and has g iven up her tiny rwo-room apartment for a Scott' mansion and luxury apartments in born Edinburgh anu London. . words .as changed since Harry POlter~ndnt~\.. who rescued her from her life of rags and brought her one of riches. They have all beel translated into more than 20 languages.. OSllVe Ilegat' . a smaller campall fro I P fOm '. And like the proverbial prince. writing Harry Potter offshootS and giving the proceed s to her favorite causes.~ 2 Reading skills a Harry Potter : ~". J. Rowling..g. Now the goodnews is that Harry Poner. Divorced. goes to China ~ for tourism @Hany Potter is magic Excrcis: I.K.K. she is one of the bigy donators to charity that me country has ever seen.. Rawling wrote Harry Poner and the Sorcerer's Stone at a table in a cafe wh ile her daughter was sleeping. ~ GLOSSARY rags old and shabby clothes offshoots something that dcvelo s Ii e. and living in a tiny Ed inburgh apartment with her infant daughter. Her fans arc quick to point out that despite her success. What are the articles about" 2 Which articles will express a p "r ' point of view and who h . Harry.. the schoolboy magician and hero of the books. Rawling. Magician Harry Potter brings ® riches to author m_~~"".. b Look at the headlines bel I predictions.. Harry Potter. .h~:~ohneea dWI~s P:lblished? .. but once accepted and publish ed. it was her creation. Rowling's life resembles a fairy talc. The38-year-old author is now the ninth richest woman in the u. 3 1. y m a arger compallY it 6 Words.rom As the new Harry Pon er story was being eagerly awaited by millions of fans all over the wo rld.


Topic: J.K. Rawling and Harry Potter
Vocabulary avoiding repetition Reading a newspaper article

the passive

Speaking predicting from headlines


Divide the class into groups of four to six. Write the words Harry Pot/cron tho board, and then give the groups timo 10 jot notes down on everything they know about Harry Polter. After\vards, ask each group to share their three most interesting facts with the class.

Introduce the topic


Speaking skills
Ask studen ts to discuss the headlines in Exercise Ib in pairs or in groups. Encourage them to use medals. Point out the Useful Language phrases.

Suggested a nswers: Headline 1 Tho article is probably about the author and how sho has become rich. It 's positive. . It must come from a newspaper or magazine article. Headline 2 It is probably about how the book has been translated into Chinese and is proving successful there. It 's positive. It's probably fro m a newspaper - it might be from a publishing magazine. Headline 3 Irs probably about how the Harry Poller books have had a negative effect on read ing I the English language I literature or something like that. It's negative. It may come from a literary or educational article in a newspaper. Headline 4 It's about how people from all over the world are visiti ng places in Britain where Harry Potter was written or filmed. It's positive. It could come from an article in a travel magazine.

2 Reading skills
In Exercise Zn , elicit from tho class a few predictions about how J.K. Rowling's lifo has changed. Then ask students to road the article to answer the question in Exercise z b and check their predictions. Answers: Sho has become a successful writer, lhe ninth richest woman in the U.K., and she owns II Scottish mansion and luxury apartments. She gives a lot of money to charity. Headline 1 goes with the article.
J.K. Uoonnel Rawling did not use her first nome on the books because she lel1that boys might be put off reading the book il they knew it was by a "girl: She wonlS to motivate boys. especially, to read. which has been one 01 the great successes 01 the Herry Potier books.
Culture note

Words, words. words

T 62


Ask students to look through the questions in Exercise 2c and decide which paragraph might answer them. Go over the answers briefly with the class. Then ask students to look through the relevant paragraph for answers and discuss them with a part ner. Answers: no answer She was divorced, unemployed, had a small child. and lived in a small apartment. (para. 2) No. (para. 3) They "got rave reviews on both sides of the Atlantic.. - so, equally successful. (para. 3) No answer. Less than 38. (para. 3) No. She has given some money from "offshoots" to her fa vorite causes. (para. 4) Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise 2d in pairs. Answers: The art icle is positive. Supporting phrases include: eagerly awaited, popular, resembles a fairy tale, rescued .. . from ... rags (10) riches, rave reviews, one of the richest women in the world, biggest donators to charity

3 Vocabu lary: avoi ding repetition
Tell students to copy the table in Exercise 3h into their notebooks. Ask lhem to scan the lext for synonyms and paraphrases that refer to lhe author J.K. Rowling and lhen complete the table with these phrases. Answe rs: Adj(l(:tives divorced unemployed Adjectival phrases 38-year-old full-time Nouns author novelist creator writer donator Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels one of the richest women in the world one of the b iggest donators to charity

4 Gram mar review: the passive
Ask stude nls to work in pairs to match examples in Exercise 4a to uses. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the q uestions aboul lhe examples in Exercise 4b. Point out the Language Note on page 63 and refer them to the Grammar Summary on page 66 to check their answers.
Quick grammar guide

Passive constructions exist in many languages but often are not as commonly used as they are in English. A reflexive construction with on active verb is sometimes preferred, with the subject after the verb. not a t the beginning of the sentence.
Common enors and problems

• Students may attempt a reflexive construction which is impossible in English. ,ariF!' IRe B99/@; in Hong Kong. 's fJ'f.R.'99 IRe Be9.1r!; in Hong Kong. ' ~' ts fJ'fjR/e9 IRe Be9/@; in Hong Kong . • A common mistake is to make an active sentence without a subject pronoun. WI9/e her firsl book in Edinburgh. Answers: a No. It isn't important. b millions of fans eWe wanl to focus on "the new Harry Potter story " - this is the important or new information. d several publishers e 1 Someone announced that ... 2 Someone has translated them inlo ... 3 Millions offans weTO eagerly awaiting ... 4 Several publishers turned down ... They are still correct, but 1 and 2 sound odd. In Exercise 4d, ask students to complete the sentences ind ividually, then check in pairs.

5 Speaking skills
Divido students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions.


T 63

Words. words, WOfds

c Docs the article answer all of the following questions? Decide which paragraph you can find the answer in when possible. then answer the ques tions.
1 Why did J.K. Rawling write the Potter books? 2 What was her life like before the first book

b Look at these examples from the article and answer the questions.
1 .. . it was announced that J.K. Rowling .. . is

now richer than the Queen of England.
2 They have all been translated into more than



was published? Was she immediately successful with her first story? Have the books been more successful in the U.S. or the U.K.? How old was she when the first book was published? Has she profited from all of her books?

20 languages . 3 As the new Harry Potter story was being eagerly awaited by m illions of fans ... 4 The novelist's fi rst attempt was turned down by several publishers ...

d Is the article more positive or negative about Harry Potter and his author? Make a note of the words and phrases that support your answer.

3 Vocabulary: avoiding repetition
'a Read the article again and note all the references to J.K. Rawling.

a Do we know who announced the news in 1, or who translated the books in 2? Is it important? b Who or what does the action in 3, "the new Harry Potter story" or "millions of fans"? c In 3. the agent (millions of fans) is quite important. so why is the passive used? d Who does the action in 4? e Try to put the four sentences above into the active voice. Are they still correct? c Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 66.

aWJ,o, <f Ik fa~ >UJ>ds.. OiW>'Wi•. b Write the words and phrases you have noted in the table.

Remember tllat we make the passive with a form ofthe verb be + past participle: it was announced; they have all been translated. d We can use the passive in most tenses and verb forms. Identify the tense or verb form in the active sentences below and complete the passive sentences.
1 The publishers print the books in Hong Kong.

Adjectives divof1:ed unem ployed


Nouns author

Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels




c We use synonyms and paraphrases to avoid repetition and help the flow oftexl. Find : 1 three ways the journalist refers to Rawling's occupation. au tho r, novelist , writer 2 four ways he refers to Harry Potter. her character. her creation . the schoolboy magician , hero of the books 3 three ways he refers to the books. fantasy novels, first attempt, four sequels, offshoots



4 Grammar review: the passive
a Look at the examples of passives. 1--4. Match them with the correct use from the list below. The passive is often used in ... 1 academic works, e.g. science journals: A constant temperature is maintained ... 2 manuals: Ensure that the plug is fitted correctly before ... 3 public notices: Passengers are kindly requested not to smoke. 4 newspapers: Find an example in the headlines in Exercise lb.




The books ... aYe pr-mled m. JWng Kong. Distribution companjes are shipping millions of the new Harry Potter book around the world. present progressive Millions of the new Harry Potter books are being shipped around the world. Several publishers rejected J.K. Rowling's first book. simple past J.K . Rawling's first book was rejected by severa l publisbers. The publisher has announced the launch date for the latest Potter book. present perfect The launch date for the latest Potter book has been announced by the publisher. They should ban the words Harry Potter. should + infinitive The words Harry Potter should be banned . They had made the first book into a fi lm before Rawling wrote the fifth book. past perfect The first book had been made into a film before Rawling wrote the fifth book.


We lise the passive when: a the subject of the action is unknown b the subject of the action is unimportant c we want to focus on new information by putting it at the end of the sentence d we want to avoid naming or blaming the subject of an action

5 Speaking skills
In groups , discuss these questions. 1 What books are being fead by kids in your country right now?
2 Make a list of your favorite books when you were

a kid and compare them with your group. 3 Which is your all·time favorite book? Why?
Words, words, words

Unit 6


1 Warm up
An urban myth is an often-repeated story. which mayor may not be true, of an unusual and sometimes terrible event that happens to an ordinary person, usually a "friend of a friend", The stories usually have a surprise ending. They are often told when fr iends get together at d inner parties or bars. a The sentences below are taken from Iwo different urban myths. They are taken from the beginning, the midd le, and the end of each story. Put them into the correct order. Story A; 1 Q!J 2 I:m 3!ID Story 8; 1 !g 2 ID 3@

b In grou ps, compare your answers and try to figure out what Lhe two stories are about . Use the questions to help you. 1 Who arc the characters in the story? 2 Where does the story take place? 3 When do the events take place? (morning/evening? present/ past?) 4 Is the story a funn y one, a thriller. a mystery. a crime story? 5 Docs it have a "happy ending"? Wo will como back to these stories at the end of the lesson.






Thi.~ must be from ... This could be the first one.

I ~ r-A------le--n-C;C,-e-e--'vCi-hCVCiCI-g-e--'v-o-k-e-u p-o-n~e=," ==i=g =to=fi=n=d==h=a=t====~------------------------------'-' co up i n c- l a -- ==o=nn n = = t
someone had stolen their car.


They later found that the thief had used their car for a robber y on the very day it had disappeared.


~----~=====================~------~~ @ A friend of mine was d riving along the Massachusetts Highway o ne
evening when he passed a young lady walking along the side of the road.


" Yes, the purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed more than 20 years ago in a car accident on the Massachusetts Highway."


The note explained the thief had taken the car because he didn't have a car himself and his wife had gone into labor with their first baby.

A couple of days later, he was cleaning his car when he cam e across
a wo man's pursC!=.

Words, WOfds. words


Topic: anecdotes and urban myths
telling an anecdote

Grammar Reading past perfect simple urban legends and progressive, third conditional

an anecdote

on anecdote

1 Warm up
Ask students to do Exercise la in pairs. Aftenvards, ask the class which picture goes with which story. Ask students to discuss th e stories in groups o f four, using the questions in Exercise lb. Monitor the discussion. but don't reveal any stories at this stage.

Words, words, WOfds

T 64

Unil 6

. The couple was delighted.. . you know.. 1/ the couple hadn't gone to the theater. Mmm. to $Offen the blow. I love these urban mythsl Trevor Go on. Trevor Oh. and . Play the audio for Exercise 2. And? A nole?Oh? Simple phraseslwords Go on. il was a note explaining thaI the thief hod taken the cor because he didn't hove a cor himself. Rob.no. Jane Mmm. with a note under the windshield wiper. And? Rob Well.. big house. Echo questions/repetition Their car was stolen? But you said they Of course. later the some day.. and . gorage. After the first piece. his wife had. you see. I the house. This Oduolty happened to a friend of a friend of mine . Then continue this procedure for the second and third pieces of music. Trevor Incredible! Rob Well. words. thanks. Rob Oh. ITrack 28 features three excerpts of muSic. Rob Oh. yeah . Here. Shira Oh.. ask students to listen to the story on the audio and check their predictions. they found thai while they hod been out enjoying their Broadway musical.. Have you heard Ihe one about the couple whose cor was stolen and. professionals. words . Trevor No. 5 Compare For Exercise Sa. 6 Notice ~ Play the audio for exercise 5 again. yeah . Answers Interjections Incredible! Oh. Ask students to listen to lhe first piece of music.t 2 Task Go over the instructions for the task carefully with the class. and one morning they wake up to find thol someone hod stolen their cor. Ask students to write their stories from their notes and then exchange stories with another student to read. pour me anather gloss of wine and I'll tell you. rhey'd parked it outside rhe house the night belOfe. Trevor A note? '9~------------------------------------------------------. they hodn'r put it in the gorage.. 4 Feedback Put students in pairs to tell their stories. I don·tthink so. there was Ihis couple in Greenwich Villoge. they would still have their possessions. Elidt wa ys of completing the sentence in Exercise 5b and write good sentences on the board. Rob Well. you know. all righlthen. right well. anyway. 7 Follow up Ask students to read the second urban myth all page 147 ofthe Student's Book and check their predictions. Rob So they reporled Ihe theft 10 the police. they later found that the thief hod used their car fOf a robbery on the very day it hod disoppeared! Unit 6 T 6S Words. Shira I bet. 3 Prepare Ask students to follow the guidelines to develop their story. they went to Ihe show and when they got home offer it. pause the recording and tel] students to write notes to build up the story. and think of images. Stress the content and also have students support each other in reviewing the grammar and form of their stories. Everybody knows it.. so . gone into Iobor with their first baby. Rob Great. outside Rob Yeah. hove another drink. Shira But you soid they hod a goroge . ond . Shira Their cor was stolen? No.. good jobs. to make Ihings WOfSE!. I bet. Rob Hong on. Oh. no. . Ask students to copy and complete the table in their notebooks. the Vv"Ilole thing. You must have heard it. Oh. you know. Rob So.lOne You must hove heard it. stMra Oh? Rob So he hoped they didn't mind 100 much rhat he'd taken their car without permission.. he'd enclosed two tickets for a Broadway show thor weekend. to make a long $lory short. the crook hod robbed their entire house of its conleots. Trevor Oh.. I don" think I've heard that one. Rob. they got home from work to see the cor bock again. you know. great. Jane Go on. you see. with eyes closed if they like.. I've heard it so many times! Shira Oh. Rob.. Trevor Of course. uh .

Rob. finally adjectives: to make your story more vivid ~ Listen to the conversation again. words. Listener: Show you are listening. Interjections Incredible! Echo questions I repetition Their car was stolen? Simple phrases I words Goon. using the stories in this lesson to give you ideas. to show interest. tell your story to each other. 2 They had been going out together for about a year when . but don '( take notes yet.. Take If the couple hadn 't gone to IJ1e theater." 5 Compare 3 Years later. follow the b Complete the sentence.2 Task 4 Feedback In pairs. he would never have met Pe nclope. past perfect progressive connectors: when. and write the responses in the table. Make notes of any phrases they usc as you Iiston. The music will stop after each p icce to give you time to write. Were your predictions correct? b Go back to the notes on your story and write it up as a complete text of about 150 words. music and tho images it brings to your mjnd. past perfect. Make any changes you wish . after a while. Notice the way the listeners res pond to show they are listening. Each piece goes with each of the three paragraphs. Make any changes you wish to the content or the language. To Which story is it? Were your predictions about help you develop your story. mfHlIlwhile. 1 The characters: are they young or old? How do they feel? Z Time and place: where does the story take p lace? (city/country? ins ide/o utside?) When does it take place (morning/evening?) 3 Background: what was the weather like? What had th ey been doing before the story began? 4 Ending: you can make the ending a "surprise" in true urban myth tradi tion ! 5 Language narrative tenses: simple past. c Give your story to a di fferent partner to read. and then. and try not to read word-by-wo rd . words . you are going to listen the story correct? to three pieces of music. to check understanding. To h elp you. Practice being You are going to write a very short story and tell it to a good story-teller and a good listener! other students. ~ Think about your story. and so on. ~ a Listen to one of the stories from Exercise l a. Story-teller: Use your notes to guide you. to encourage the speaker. Now use these guide lines to help you develop you r story. As you listen. he looked back: if he hadn't . ask questions. hore are the sentences th at begin each of the throe paragraphs of yOW" story. 6 Notice 3 Prepare Look over your notes fo r the three paragraphs. Which of you wrote the more interesting story? Which had the best English? Words. 1 If Tom hadn'l gone to the party. make commonts. . 7 Follow up a Read the full version o fth e other story from Exercise l b on page 147. notes to bui ld up your story. Oh. as soon as.

:vas Joe Uz Joe being pnlparlld when I last checked . prog<BSSive Simple past The childlBfl are being taught latin Itlis yeaf. but we tend not to use it with the present perfect progressive or past perfect progressive. '" 5 My wallet was taken from my jacket pocket yesterday by SOOlI3()I)9':"-' V Yeah.• 1 someone who writes for the lheater? playwright 2 someone who writes about the life 01 a famous person? hiogrD plll~r 3 someone who writes about important events in the past? historian 4 someone who writes fictional stories? novelist 5 someone who writes dialogues for the movies? screenwriter Unit 6 Words. Our cat was run over by a (). and can't: prog<BSSive P<esent parlee! They must have arrived by now. Your order rng V .} I haven't seen She may not have arrived yet. Co rrec t those wIth e rro rs. We can use the passive in most tenses. 0Ne want to avoid bIarnilg a. Ycu k:lOk tied. 2 The books have been awaited for a long time. Joe Uz Joe Have you seen Sara? No. Fo"" We form the passive with the verb be and a past participle. The car must be ~ repaired immediately. might (not). What do agent is known but not important: A new Jaw regarding advertising was passed yesterday.ama movie screenplays new"""".) Sometimes we want to put new information at the end of the sentence to give it more importance. and I 8 mustn't ~ have stopped for more than ten rTW1utes all day. minutes. we call . No. could (not). \'Vhen we include the agent. bklg""". we intiOOuce it with by: We use must (not) / may (not) I might (oot) / ootid (not) / can't + have to make deductions aboot the past and to tal< about possiJity i"I the past. X They can't have anMJd yet. She may have arrived.r. Less certain She might have arrived. she 3~ may not have. HE!( coat's hanging in the closet. The nev. the COOkies were eaten while'you and dad were out. I suppose She she'd get here S @ must have..rseIves I someone else. She ~/ can't have gotten caught in traffic. The books have been awaited for a ong time. . ~ Certain She can't have arrived yet. Negative ~ train gets hef"e at 3. We use the passive to do this. dramatist 2 The passive Use oovet p~y playv-mght hIstorian screenwn journalist histOf)' boo!< • When the agent (subject) of the verb is unknown: Our car was stolen last night.} She could have arrived. Vocabulary Summary Literature You poor thing! Here. her suitcase. 4 0cIer teachers are often asked questions by younger teachers. )( She may have affl.30. It is not always possible to use an active sentence instead of a passive one: Translators have translated all the books. is/are + past participle is/are + being + pp was/wete + pp was/wal'"e + being + pp preseot P<esent Fo"" sub.somethi"Ig. } The train isn't due for another ten She couldn't have arrived yet. who did .' Past The book was being printed last night. I ~~ could have left home before six this morning. Positive She must have arrived. haslhave + been + pp had + been + pp modal verb + be + pp He could have arrived. st~1 dark outsicle. The verbs stxm differanllevels of certai'lty. words.ted. She was walking.! Past perfect Modal passive A new bridge has been built over the river. Kind of writing poet" Writer Kind of writing Writer poet novetist bklgrnphy d..rket Liz 1 Uniforms must be worn at all times by soldiers on duty. 3 YQI..I" order was ~ prepared YIIher'l I last checked.) Mom. may (not). '--' De cide if these passive sentences are correct or not. @ can't have hoc! a tot.r Harry Potter story was eagerly awaited by miIOns of fans. (I ate them but I don't want to admit it. She !Tight not have arrived yet. I just wish so we can start dinner. trough it may be important.".) Newspapers and scientifiC texts frequently use the passive in this way.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Deduction and possibility in the past Use • • Sometimes we leave the agent out because we do not want to sa-. Note that we do not usa the negative of must or the positive of They mustn't have anMJd yet. (The government passed it but we already know that. so she 1 must ~ve arrived yet. She wanted to buy some wine so she @ ' can have stopped at the superma. The letter had been sent before I realized . She can have atrived.ect + modal verb + have + past participle The modal verbs most often used are must. $he may not have arrived yet. words . This Is too repetitive to be correct. Ycu Uz Joe Yeah.rj1 day.mat was You will be notified in due course. have a drink. 0Ne don't know who stole it. Tense Simple Form (pp iii past participle) Example Our bills are paid through the bank.) • When the Answer thes e questi o ns../ Choose the correct modal verbs in this conversation.

even on a beautifully sunny day. 4 Write a fi rst draft.ph 2 Pamgn. over the fence. Pamgn. a In pairs. 5 = the least important. You can rewrite it as many times as you like.c d Intreduce a change in the action to increase interest. Note: you wi ll need to show your final anecdote to your classmates at the 8fId of Unit 7. You probably won't finish it in class but you will be expected to finish it as part of you r action plan. In pairs.along the beach. Words.ph 3 a Develop the story step by step. that is. making opportunities to speak English In pairs. Don't worry about producing perfect English now. but put the story into paragraphs and make it as clear as possible. 1 heard friendly laughter and I looked up to see two boys playing in the trees. ~<J REVIEW Review your action plan. Follow the steps below. words Unil6 . --. Paragraph 4 Grve backgrOUnd to the story. at first simple past unfortunately past perfect characters that are well-developed and believable a range of different tenses. Put the types of language in the box into the correct column of the table.J > LJ. solve a puzzle.. 2 Analyzing the organization of a story Read the anecdote again and look at how the writer develops the story. It ricocheted off a tree and then bounced off my head. a problem. --I--l-.. Although I remember nothing of the accident. a surprise. And I'm still visited by the baunting thought that death can come calling at any time. Ten ses I verb forms past progressive (to set the scene) simple past past perfect past perfect progressi ve reported and direct speech Sequencing expre ssion s meanwhile later that evening .J o o o o o o a wide range of appropriate vocabulary and interesting expressions a well·organized narrative that is easy to follow and understand an interesting plot that makes you want to read to the end 3 Analyzing how language is used to make a good story a A writer needs to use variety to make a story come alive. writing an interesting story Finish writing your story. provide a 'twist: 3 Organize the story into paragraphs. Suddenly. The two boys bad been playing with a sugar cane knife when onc of them lost hold of it. most of which will be past forms two days earlier slowly suddenly as soon as piercing brightly b Compare your answers with the class. a story that gets the reader's attention and keeps rt. I was walking home from school. I'll never forget what happened. e. there was a scream and then all fell silent. 3: o 0. I took my usual shortcut home . although the truth is I don't recall anything immediately after that unlucky event. II was a beautiful sunny afternoon with not a cloud in the sky. b End in an interesting way. at first two days earlier as soon as before that summer in the meantime Descriptive tanguage adverbs: sadly adjectives: merciless unfortunately slowl y suddenly piercing brightly shiver ing sea-bl ue dangerous l y b Now find examples of some of the points in the table in the anecdote in Ex8f'Cise 1c. Correct the English and add descriptive language to make it more interesting. answer the questions. Cl! ~ >- o --' LJ.PLAN [> Your action ptan. words. The next thing I knew I was lying in a hospital bed with my head bandaged up. 1 have a three-inch scar along my skull to prove it..ph 1 Pamgn. look al the "ingredients of a good story" below and number them in order of importance: 1 == the most important. 2 Make a few notes to summarize the main points of the story. 4 Applying what you have learned You are now going to write a short story of between 150 and 200 words. rewrite your story on a clean piece of paper and give it a title. 1 Think of an interesting story that happened to you or someone you know. S Read you r story. You can use the model in Ex8!'cise 2 if you want. c Read this story. Match the paragraph with the part of the story. and through the trees. 1 What title would you give to this anecdote? 2 Did you enjoy the story? Why? / Why not? past perfect progressive shivering before reported and d irect speech that summer sea-blue dangerously in the meantime I was a six-year-old living in Hawaii at the time. 6 Finally. and wtlat opportunities for speaking EngliSh you have taken. The blow must have knocked me unconscious. tell your partner about your action plan for Unit 5. Add some more examples if you can.g.g. e.C) i= -:: a z A narrative 1 Looking at what makes a good story What makes a good story? In this lesson you will ook at the techniques involved in making a good story..

it's a mess ! 4 Are you doinS (you/ do) anything? Tom Well. . . '--" but l ean 't soe that happening.. 1 He was wearing a wedd ing ring so he must be married 2 Ho had two passports so he could have dual nationality 3 He was meeting a woman named Paula .. Bob Fantastic! Do you think TIm 2 will make (make) a good father.soinl to bave (have) the baby in three weeks. 1 The lecture started at 9:00 and we arrived at 9:15. they would Jive in Australia" . She 1 '. (bappy) If he'd remained single../ scene of a murder in New York. (dating) They bad been dating for four years before they separated. he's very selfish. the lecture bad already started . 5 They separated after four years of dating. it's Father's Day so I 5 'm going to cook (cook) dinner for my dad in the evening..a Complete this conversation using the simple present or present progressive tense. Ho 5 won't want (not want) to sit at home and take care of the baby. 5 I I buy I thai apartment / if / I I be I you. so I'll buy a new cellphone ifit isn't too expensive. (being) Several suspects are being questioned . I they I live I Australia.. so II buy I new cell phone I if \. or going to + verb. (already) When we arrived at the auditorium. 2 The police are questioning several suspects. isn't he? If there 3 is (be) a football game.. Use the word in parentheses.../ the day of the exam. he 4 ' U go {gol to it .. Helen's huge now.. If Fran got married to John. I think he 6 dad! d Expand these notes to make complete sentences. [have some spare money. '--" e Look at these notes made by a police detective at the \.she might be his girlfriend 4 He still had a lot of money so the motive for the shooting couldn't be theftlmoneylsreed 5 He still had tho tickets for the game so he couldn't have 80ne to the game c Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. (might) They migbt have bad more children if they'd been richer. Jean I saw TIm and Helen in the street. I'd buy that apartment if! were you. She might have gotten a better grade if she hadn't felt sick on . 3 Marriage made him unhappy. though? Jean What do you mean? Bob Well . 'II be (be) a great Jean I don't agree. native civilization wouldn't have been destroyed. If the New World had not been discovered. Tom Dh. not really.. 2 If Fran I get I marry I to John.. right. Why don't you join us? Rita In the evening? Thanks. 3 I 'm going to stay (stay) at home and clean my apartment . will/won 't + verb or the first conditional. b Complete this conversation using going to + verb. 4 I havo somo spare money. Do you want to come? Rita I'd love to but 2 I teach (teach) my salsa class every Saturday night. 1 If the New World / not I discover I native civilization I not "--" I destroy. 4 They didn't have more children because they couldn't afford them. I'd love to. I forgot. be would be { would have been happy . Then look at the theories the detective is formulating and make deductions.J I not I too / expensive. That's my advice. 3 She / might / got I bellor grade I if I not I feel sick I all 1.. Tom 11 'm going (go) to a concert on Saturday night. Any plans for Sunday? Rita No.

out together for years Martha and Miko had ~eoll gOI~I~ e they decided to live and after they both fi mshe: co \gengagod but Mike together. d th 2 stepslSters . were 3 Native American languages speak more widely than Spanish in Bolivia. eggs. Martha c. was 2 These shoes !!.~Ul becOme rea .~ Martha thai Mike was O along well and she explilmo ' r ' ed marriage. a fiber b fat c carbohydrates d minerals e vitamins f protein 1 2 3 4 5 found in food like bread and potatoes and gives your body heat and energy @) fowld in food li ke oil and butler and gives you energy but is fil llening I!il the parts of fruit. designed by the famous French designer.!2. \Qug r 'endshi\! or marriage? Mike. So did he want 4 fI 5 mother-in-Ia'!. sticky notes a hole puncher an alarm clock an ironing board correction fluid a dishwasher an armchair a paper clip an answering machine a food processor a washing machine 1 Do you have anyth ing I can hold these pieces of paper together with? a paper dip 2 I've made a couple of mistakes on this application form. become close fr iond s mother-i n-law a single parent fr iendsh ip stepsisters . a dishwasher 5 I'm out of the house a lot and people complain they can never reach me. which we need for good health lID phrases fro m the box. 1 can'. Martha Bnd her ~utu. an alarm dock 4 We keep arguing about who's going to do the dishes after dinner. e was tile correct wasn't really sure whether ~arn:~raditiOnal family and me slep for him.. correction Ouid 3 I can't wake up in the morn ing and I'm always lale for work. screen novel play poetry biography I h What do the speakers need? Choose an objcct from the box. an answering machine . two years liltor Marlha an 1 Complete the text with a form of the words in the box. or grains (com . have been completed g Read this story a nd comillele it with the words or Match tho words with the a ppropri ate definition. f his parents 81 scared because 0 d M'ke got milrried. being taught/are taught 5 The new skyscraper should have completed by next summer.le O arent but hi~ dad . 'Iegetables. are spoken 4 Children are teaching Greek in tenth grade. but Mike's family liked the idea of marriage I different. His mom and background was compl~te ~ he was just a baby.aJ the years they had 3 "ke another sister to I ht that sho was 1 sometimes I.' rcmarfl'ed and Mike noW ha close frien ds . Co rrect the mistakes. send it like this.r There is a 8rammatica l mistake in each of these sentences. got Luckily. 1 The worl d's first cell phone virus has invented by hackers. Over mother temalDed 1 . His dad had gott~n di'lO~:in. Claude Lomax in 1906. wheal) that help food pass through your body I!l a substance in foods such as meat.a a:~~idS. Happily. There is one extra item. M. and milk that makes you strong Rnd healthy I!l natural substances in foods like iron and calcium. 1\'10 years later t oy go.

discuss these features. 1 wide.a article on tho right is about face reading. They prefer individual sports. angular face with thin lips. tr~ to describe the characters of the people In Exorcise 1 from their faces. types. ernie at lotic intelligent/ not very smart SOCIable/a loncr b Read the articlc and check your answers.·m"lIlIv they're extroverted. fSliy-.~c:ondepressed. These people are basically introverts: they tend to be quiet.~t ~~~:~~~~. bony face D 3 large. these types can react spontaneously without thinking about the consequences. they p::>inl more often to someone who i uIC'1 in In According 10 face-reading specialists.ct· d . 2 Reading skills a Th. thin noses are often loners and workaholics. having none of someth ing a long. round face. They are active and enjoy physical work in the open air. Use these words and phrases. I h lve aca. 3. usually square-shaped. tends to be small. c Find personality adjectives in the article that have the opposite meaning to these. cha nge suddenly tl} 2. They tend to have a lorge. They tend to be loners. This athletic type tends to be of medium height with brood shoulders. People with Ioog. Although by no means locking in intelligence. they tend to have a low forehead. someone who keeps their feelings 10 themselves. such as heavy eyelids indicating on introveft. and while many people 05SOCiale dase-set eyes with a ntrustwort rson. Nevertheless. cheerful demanding honest outgoing predictable slow-wittecl ~. such as the four below: 1. Some people believe we con judge bushy eyebrows thin lips prominent chin low forehoad heavy eyelids small nose full lips small ears close-set eyes c Can facial features lell you anything about a person? In pairs. optimistic. faces fall into certain types. The nose is often flat and the chin is prominent. angular face A 4 small head and small facial features 8 b Complete the labels 011 the faces with these phrases. Face reading has a long hislofy and even IOdoy people ore surprised by ils accuracy. Many movie directors and other artists tend to belong to this type. such as boxing and weightlifting. There are certain fealures thot tend 10 indicate personality types. 4 . to team sports. they can be emotionally ~ble.. full lips a weak chi n close-set eyes thin lips a high forohand bushy eyebrows 0 person's character from their faciol characteristics.1 Vocabulary: the face a Match the faces with these descriptions. They generally don't like sporls. Their personality is oo. round face C 2 long. In p8i~S. This type has a GLOSSARY untrustworthy not copablo of being trusted fly ofT the handle become angry very quickly lacking without something. ox~rovortcd/introverted optimistidpessimistic qUIet/confident calmlbad-tempcred lazy/. so they tend to be bod. small ears and a small nose. bony lace. This type has a large head and a wide. This type hos a small head and small facial features.fempered and can suddenly "fly off the handle". 58 Unil7 Body language . Match each description with one of the faces then compare your answers in groups..

Objectives Vocabulary the face Topic: face-reading Reading a psychology article Writing a detailed description Speaking describing people's faces of a face Put on the board a large magazine picture of 0 person's face. •• In Exercise 2b. Ask students to match the words in Exercise 2c with opposites in the text. As a whole class. Ask a few pairs how they have described the people. you may need to check the meaning of the adjectives by miming and showing.) Ask students to discuss the features in Exercise 1c in pairs. Body language T 70 Unit7 . ask students to lahelthe paris of the faces at the lop of the page. Elicit a few ideas from different pairs at the end. ask students to match the descriptions to the faces and check in groups. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into pairs to make predictions aboutlhe people i. push out your chin to show "prominent" chin . [n Exercise l b.n exercise 1. Remind students 10 check the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. (For example. Go through the answers as a class. etc. then check in pairs. Ask students 10 do Exercise 1a in pairs. Ask How can you describe this person's face in deloil? What con you say about this person's personality? Do you think you can make guesses about someone's personality from their face? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: the face Bri efly pre-teach the paris of the fac e by pointing to parts of your face and asking W}lQrs this? You/' chin. using the descriptive adjectives in Exercise 2a..

laughter lines 4 very. elc. Ask students in groups to describe the faces of the famous people in Exercise 3h and decide what they arc like. 3. Tell students they have seven minutes. Then ask ono perSOIl from each group to stand up and describe one of the famous people to the class. wide. light blue. Write a number Il. In Exercise 3a. small. large. and find the picture. angular. then skip exercise 3a and move straight on to exercise 3b. 2 eyes. 3 eyebrows. quite. small. Which pair can match the most descriptions to pictures in that lime? Unit 7 T 71 Body language . narrow. Make sum students have finished their descriptions before going on to Exercise 4d . narrow mouth lips fu ll .) at the lop of each one as you collect them. read it. wide-set. plump. monitoring and helping with idoas and vocabulary. deep-sel. 2. 5 mouth/ lips. pointed. 6 jaw/chin. raised. thin. they have to decide whose face in the group matches which description in the text. Move around the class. and write a letter IA. wrinkled nose large. 7 ears 3 looks intelligent. long face Ask studonts to read and analyze the texl in exercise 3c by answering the questions in Exercise 4b. If you feel any students might be uncomfOrloble tolking about their appeorance. C. 2 1 fo rehead. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks. Then lei the individual concerned decide whether the description matches hisfhor personality. round. friendly. Encourage students to try oul phrases from the Useful Language box. slightly wrinkled : hair is receding. Divide the class into pairs. etc. Suggested a nswers: oval. fairly In Exercise 4c. then briefly elicit answers from the whole class. slightly. Afterwards. Answers: 1 The first sentence describes the fa ce and general appearance because it is best to start with a general description before moving to spocifics. heavy forehead broad. high. slightly hooked wido. Note Handle Ihis activity with sensitivity. thin ears sticking-out. bony. Give the groups five minutes to discuss. Additional actMty Bring in a pile of "faceso cut from mogozines. Put the descriptions in a pile on your desk and ask the pairs to pick up a description. th ick. square-shaped eyes large. small.) on each pidure. ask them to write their description. Ask students to read the description in Exercise 3c. bloodshot. and match it to a face. check answers with the class while you build up a class lable on the board. poi nted. bushy eyelids wrinkled.3 Speaking ski lls Ask students to work in small groups. heavy-lidded eyebrows thin. wide. Let students check in pairs. flat. long. Collect all the descriptions. dose-set. 4 nose. low. aftor students have selected their identikit picture from pago 147. B. Then ask them to work in pairs or small groups 10 complete the lablo. long. Coiled the magazine pictures and stick them on the walls around the classroom. and give each pair a magazine °foce: Ask them to work together to write a description of the foce. Students have 10 read their descriptions aloud while their partners look at page 147 and identify the face being described.

pointed. bloodshot. very? c You have witnessed a crime and you need to describe the offender to the police. giving as much detail as you can . The eyebrows are very thick and bushy. light blue eyes are wide-set and quite heavylidded. His/Her large. Write a careful description of the face. thin. sticking-out. c Now read this description of a famous person and match it with one of the faces. wrinkled. Face Eyes Eyebrows Eyelids Forehead oval. Turn to page 147 and choose the parts to make a face from the " identikit pictures". Write as many ways of describing a face as you can. friendly. see how good your description is. This person has a long. Student B: Look at page 147 and identify the "face" that A describes. b You are going to write a very detailed description of a face. d [n pairs. How many examples of the faces described in the article can you find? Are the descriptions accurate? Check with your classmates. The jaw and chin are strong. Body language Unit? . Discuss what the faces say about their characters. deep-set. 1 What docs the first sentence describe? Why? Z Number the parts of the face in the order of the description: nose ears eyebrows forehead jaw/chin mouth/lips eyes 3 What other details about the face does the description give? 4 Which words does the writer use to modify the adjectives. broad. large. He/She has a wide high forehead.3 Speaking ski lls a Look carefully at your classmates. look at the description in Exercise 3c and answer Ute questions. one each from groups 1. and looks intelligent. ilnd 3. thick. e Now swap roles and repeat Exercise 4d. wide. You will need to identify Uuee parts of the face. angular face. The person's nose is long. full . large. raised. USEFUL LANGUAGE Do YOII think / Would you say thai you 're shy? How would you describe yourself? Do you think the descriptions ore accurate? b Look at the faces of famous people below. His/Her mouth is wide. Mel Gibson Nose Mouth Lips Ean. e. 4 Writing ski lls a Complete this table with words and phrases from the lesson. and are low over the eyes. with fairly thin lips. He/She has quite long ears and has laughter lines at the corners of the eyes and between the nose and mouth. pointed. The hair is receding a little from the forehead.g. and slightly hooked at the end . 2. Student A: Read your description to B. which is slightly wrinkled. narrow. and the chin is quite prominent. plump. First.

but she looks like a warm kind af persan. " b "I really don't care. aggressive arrogant authori tative bored confident conten t easy-going edgy indifferent nervous relaxed superior threatening vain ® - 2 Speaking skills a In pairs. He looks velY pleasallt." 6 a "I really don't know." c "I hate giving presentations. but seem can describo behavior. LANGUAGE NOTE The verb look describes only appearance. etc. look at the pictures of people. c Do you agree or disagree with the statements in Exercise 3b? Why? / Why not? 1 Uni17 Body language . 4 The face is importan t but expression is more important . voice." b "I'm feeli ng great." 2 a "r know they respect me. 1 a " I don't like this." c "Everything's okay!" 5 a "I don't know what to say. USEFUL lANGUAGE He/She looks/seems + adjective: She seem. Listen again to check if necessary. She seemed sure oj the facts.Body talk 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Look at the pictures of the six people. 5 One of the most important things in forming opinions is gesture. We often make up our minds about people on the basis of first impressions." c "I'm so nervous. We ljke Persall 2 most. 3 Listening skills c What do you think each person might be saying or thinking? Choose the best answer then discuss it with a partner." b " I can't wait to get away." c ''I'm tired. build I!:j' height !1 color I!:j' clothes character 0 posture 1!1 face 1!1 eyes 0 hair 0 expression ~ gestures voice 0 1!1 i!1 b Complete these notes about fi rst impressions." 3 a "Out of my way!" b "You're in trouble!" c "I'm terrified! " 4 a "I don't have any money!" b "I hate this place. 3 Peop le use clothes to give an image of themselves. Choose adjectives to describe each one. He/She looks like + noun phrase: He looks like a boss / an authoritalive person.~ confident." c "That's great!" Listen to a body language expert ta lking about first impressions and check the aspects of a person's appearance that the expert mentions. Which one(s) would you like to meet? b List the reasons why you chose the perso n/people and discuss them with another pair. We can use to be after seem. She seems authoritative. but not after look: They seemed to be interested in the house." b "The interviewer looks sick. 2 There is a danger of stereotyping people but first impressions are often correct.

I remember sitting next to someone on a plane who was dressed in black and she looked pretty somber. people may choose to give a different image of themselves. How imperlant is thot? B I think gesture is one of the most imporlant things in forming our opinion of peopie and responding to them . How imporlant is that? B £x!remely imporlanl. of caurse.you know . re'/axed. she was roolly talkative and funny. In most countries rt moons "Everything'Sfine". imogine someone standing with their legs aporl and leaning forward . but if that person is miserable and frowning.their build. Answers: Students' answers may vary. we form opinions about people on !he basis of first impressions. especiOlly if the person is also pointing aggressively . their color. However. Ask students to check the boxes for Exercise 3a. Another example is the shrug . A Now.and irs so variable from country to country. is their physical appearance . Ask students in pairs to discuss Ule best answer in Exerc ise 2c . how about posture. arms above their head th€'{re feeling grootl Similarly. On the other hand. in which case ~ ploys a huge perl in forming opinions. their clothes. you've done a lot of work on the Imporlance of body language. Howev€!'. Ask students 10 work in pairs 10 complete the notes in Exercise 3b. there is a danger of st€!'ootyping people although you'd be amazed at haw often first impressions are correc1. 4c. I think of rt as being everything about our appeorance..raising both shoulders. The first thing we notice about people. so we do hove to be careful. the following are likely: 1b 3 a or b 5 all 3 are possible 2 a ll 3 arc possible 4c 6 a or b 3 Listening ski lls Play the audio for Exercise 3a . Answers: According to the body language expert.~ means trouble! A I see. R ead the adjectives aloud modeling the correct stress. However. the way we carry ourselves. Finally.think of someone sitting with their legs extended. and we often make up our minds. ag'gressive. despite the person's beauty. - Body language T 72 Unit7 . A You mentioned clothes . ou'thorifalive. 3b. but expression is more imperlanl. you know. 5c (but b in some cultures). so someone in smarl business clothes is likely to be authoritative. but for some nationalities. Elicit descriptions from the class. ~ ~ 30'' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------. A Okay. Then put students in pairs to think which words describe the other people. standing upright but relaxed with your hands 00 your hips gives a sense of being in control and authoritative. You may need to play the audio agai n. 6a Play the audio agai n. ~ depends on your definition of body language. Take stroking your chin . Do Ihe first as ao example.that can be very threatening. the more content and relaxed we are .Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing Pronunciation intonation of feeling Ustening interview with an expert Speaking making inferences linkers expressing contrast personality about character Slar1lhe lesson by checking the meaning and pronunciation of the adjectives in exercise 1.for us it terlds to mean that the person is thinking.J Check understanding with questions like: Introduce the topic How can you describe someone who is always shouting of people? (aggressive1 How can you describe someone who thinks he or she is better than otherS? (arrogantl 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Ask students to look at picture 1. 2a. Elicit adjectives from tile box to describe the woman. the expression will create a great€!' impresslon. You can be ottracted to a beautiful face. the following are the best answers from 2e: 1b. of course thars imporlant. you don't gwe people a chance! B Well. [The stress is on the first syllable of all the words listed. su'perior. ~ A Fran Mast€!'s. you're an expert on gesture. What about the face in oil lhis? B Well. in some countries it is extremely rude! Sa you can imagine Ihe impresslon that might gwe . Ask students 10 listen and check their answers to exercise 2c. which corry stress on the se<:ond syllable. 2 Speaking skills Point out the Usefu l Language and Language Note boxes before asking students to choose and describe the person they would like to meet in Exercise 2a . Husually means "I don't know: Finally.{re imporlant because they're the first impression we get of how people choose to present themselves. But of course. formed by the thumb ond forefing€!'.{re nervous. or even thai th€. con'tent in'different. but rt can also moon the figure zero. A Isnl that a bi! dangerous? I mean. How great a pori does it play in forming opinions about peop!e? B WeD. except for the following. how loll they are. when we storied talking. Put students in small grou ps to discuss tbe statements in Exercise 3e.how important are they? B Th€. a classic example of a gesture we hove to be careful with is the "0" sign. The mare we extend and stretch ourselves. ~ suggests they think someone is siCk.

). With the correct intonation. Play the audio again for Exercise 5h. can toke several forms: they can be subordinoting conjunctions fa/though. BosKally. . Quick grammar guide: linkers Contrast linkers.. Common problems and 8ITOfS Students often translate directly from their own language and confuse the form rules. . 'Nhich con be difficult for students to remember.. This is owful . neverlheles$ or prepositions or prepositional phrases lin spite of. elicit rules from them. Can Ilhink aboul it 0 liltle bit? I'm sorry. Help students prepare to speak about mistaken first impressions by writing some sentence starters on the board.. End this part of the lesson by getting students to ta lk in groups about mistaken first impressions in Exercise 4d. This is wonderful. angry!.. Encourage students to exaggerate when they mimic the strong intonation potterns of the speakers. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class.ite IRQ!! I~Q!j tired. I'm sorry. Each type follows different form rules. just listen. Mmm . just listen. Unit 7 T 73 Body language .4 Grammar: lin kers expressing contras t After asking students to underline the linkers in the examples in Exercise 4a.. he/she . later _ _ it altematM> 5 Pronunciation : intonation of feeling Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Ask students to match statements to feelings.--. adverbs. End this Pllrt of the lesson by putting students in pairs to practice speaking with feeling.. etc.. 322'-. Then ask a few pairs to oct out their dialogues for the closs. lJesf. Give students time to practice their dialogues. this is great. and there's my new boyfriend. I 2 3 q 5 6 Now.. using longuoge from the lesson. Students tend to forgel of in in spite of. despite!... However. At first. I'm not really sure. I'm not really sure. Ask students to match statements to pictures. Write the following words in a list on the board: No Movies Yes Oh Homework Tonight Why not When Parents Tell students in pairs that they con put the words (but only these wordsl in any order to make a dialogue.. Read through the Grammar Summary on page 78 with students before asking them to complete the sentences in Exercise 4b. {however. I went to the party. he/she__ Although he/she~ he/she_. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. this is great. When I first met he/she seemed . This is awful.. but I think we need to talk about your lost essoy_ This is wonderful . I can't wait for the interviC'N to be over. or connectors. the dialogues can be very funny. Ask students to choose the correct linker in Exercise 4c and check with a partner. 2 3 4 5 6 Now. using the expressions in Exercise 5d. Tone range in English is very wide. Then ask one or two individuals to repeat. I went out iR spile R'W headoche. Intonation is the 'music' of a language -the way the tone of our voice is used to express emotion and carry meaning. the more extreme the intonation pottern is going to be. when I got to know him/her. Addffional activity Ploy this papular intonation game. Pause after each statement and ask the class to repeat. the chair is so comfortable ond reloxing.. the stronger the emotion (enthusiastic. You say thot og<lin ond you1t be SOfry! Mmm .. so irs Important to get students to exaggerate the wa>f the expressions are soid when they imitate the recording.

joins two clauses. Try to copy tho feelings. ... How are YOII ? And what 's next ? d Most of us have made a mistake at some point Come on. let's go. Can J think about it a little although/even thoughlthough he arrived at the bit ? 6 interview an hour late! 5 I'm sorry.... followed by a comma 3 .. this is great.'ti by a comma ~ a Listen to six statements and match them with the b Complete each sentence below with as many people in the pictures. she was rea lly chatty and fun ny. practice speaking with feeling. 5 1 Mark proved to be very reliable 4 I'm /J o t really sure. a) serious l[) bl enthusiastic III cl relaxed f!) 1 ~ I Despite I thought she was going to be dl ansry [) eJ uncertain 11) 0 miserable lit a very boring person. I can't wait for the interview to be over.. separated by a comma 2 . even though fin ding some people very u lendly. c Choose the correct linker in these sentences. You say that again and you'll Summary on pago 76 fi rst.ing. he proved to be very reliable. talk about the situat ion and contrast your first impressions with your final impreSSions. 1 There is a danger of stereotyping people. despite the person's beauty. 1 nevertheless though 3 This is o wf ul . 4 HoweverlNeverthelcss . linkers as possible. Try to remember an example and make notes. Use the linkers fro m the be sorry! 3 examples and these: 2 Mm m . although you'd be amazed at how often firs t impressions are correct. . 3 Student A: Say any of the short expressions below with one of the feelings in Exercise 5b. Expressions 6 Somo paronts can be vory strict and fonnal with I really don '/ k no w. Body Ionguoge Unit7 . . 6 This is wonderf ul . the chair is so 3 Mark arrived an hour late for his interview. d In pairs. 4 Student 8 : Listen and say which feeli ng A is ex pressing. However. impression.. . separatt. 2 his laic arrival for the interview. when judging a person. Read the notes in the Grammar 1 No w.4 4 Grammar: linkers ex pressing contrast a Read the examples from the interview and underline the linkers thai express contrast. theiT chi ldren.. Even though I€ verthele-mthey Really. precedes second sentence after a period . just listen. In groups. love their children as much as less !onnal parents. he statement. followed 5 PronunCIatIon : mtonati on of feehng by noun or .. 5 We try to mako everyone welcome ·n spite 0 Then SWAP ro les.. comfortable and relaxing. ~ b Listen aga in and match the statements with these feelings. but I think we need to talk about 2 Mark proved to be very reliable despitelin spite of your last essay.. in fac t she was a lot of fun to_be with. and there's my new but even though in spite of boyfriend. ~ c Listen and repeat the first few words of each 2 €Spite EJ I However his serious appearance. the expression will create the greater • . sho looked rather somber.

on publJc resume.l!!!&. 3 I would never admit to _ _ to my boss or my teacher. in Venezuela and Was li~k~~ol. Telling lies can be serious. b Complete these sentences with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other words necessary.. 6 I've always hated people _ _ when they're not my parents or my boss. Hitler's master of the · big lie" _ th aZI Germany and 2 Grammar: the . 1 I'm not interested in wasting time _ _ .Hlcations on m traveli"J'.J not sure:: 1 disagree:: I d'sagree strongly:: 0 ) ' enjoy. a story to make It more Interesting ISn't dishonest.ing verb a Look at the statements in Exercise 1c and underline tbe -ing verbs. exaggerating 2 as the object of the sentence and after some verbs: ~ng. by traveling. I Work ~ CaJUI1l n sick now and th en. y transPOrtation Without a ticket. H. ~aggeratln. who murdered al~:s~os. c In pairs.s.::!ake extra vacation is dishonest. Give reasons for your response. discuss your responses to the statements in Exercise l c. agree strongly:: 4 agree:: . Then compare your answers with a partner. USEFUL LANGUAGE about Jews.07uO's \l Number 4 is Jose h G b propaganda minister i~ N ~ bels. r op e In my family..readin&. Unit7 Body language . 2 is the best form of exercise for allaround fi tness .ng. I don·t think COPr'ng my classmates' Work for aSSignments . a Cash machine. terrorist activities in Europe in the ol'9. We use the .. then add up your score and read the analysis on page 149. !eavinj" Out informatIon from WoUldn't admtt Your income tal( f nOrmal _ orm Is !!" receivf~ too mUch everYOne money from does it.. to receiving. J disagree with cheating. about my inthepasth qua. 5 _ _ is not very good for you if you suffer from high cholesterol.e was born and 80s. or er. I don't think reading other people's e-mails is serious when you share a computer with them because they know it might happen. Write them next to these rules for using -ing verbs. I said "agree" for Number 1 because I reod my husband's e-m ail. Number 3 is Uich Ram' also known as Corlos th lrex Sanchez.Dishonesty 1 Speaking skills a Are you a good judge of character? Wo uld you trust these people? In pairs. b Read about the people and check how good a judge of character you are! the U S d ' h nes and murders in Clyd~ Barr~:9 t e ) 930s with her paOner Americon. an She Was executed in 2002 Number 1 is Bonnie P k committed bank rabbe .g.ing verb: 1 as the subject of the sentence: t. e propaganda c How honest are you? Decide whether you agree or disagree with the statements below. who Number 2 is Aileen W seYen men . by calling.eaYI:I1. decide if they are honest people. the e-malls intended fo other pe . I'd try to get a jab & ve saved money !. copying 3 after prepositions: by ty:. 4 I really enjoy _ _ on the weekend in the winter. honest are YOUl How 2 5' 3 6" 4 7 8 J think / J believe stealing is wrong.

You may wish to check students' understanding of the "crime" vocabulary in the text. o questionnaire Speaking discussing a moral dilemma. Also. a nervous smile. _bock Body language T 74 Unit 7 . elicit answers from the class and ask why students thought the people were honest or dishonest Ifor example: He/She lias worlll eyes. etc. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 2b and then check in pairs.Objectives Grammar the -ing verb Topic: being honest or dishonest Reading a short story. Ask students to road the short texts in Exercise lb and check their answers. point out the Useful Language box. As students discuss the questionnaire. At the end of the activity.). Answers will vary. Afterwards. Answers will vary. end this part by getting students to discuss Ute questionnaire in exercise Ic in pairs. In Exercise 2c. for political reasons to be executed = to be killed by the state for committing a crime •• Vocabulary check Ask students to do the quiz ill Exercise Ic individually and then chock their answers in pairs or groups. go oround the room. a role-ploy Write on the board: Introduce the 10pic tell the truth tell a lie tell a white lie Ask Are you an honest person? Do you always tell the truth? In what situations should you never lie? In what situations is lying acceptable? 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to briefly discuss the pictures in Exercise la . 2 Grammar: the -ing verb Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 2a in pairs before checking the rules as a class. to murder = to kill a person 10 commit a crime/murder/robbery = to "do" a crime a murderer = someone who kills a person a bank robber = someone who takes money from 0 bank a terrorist = someone who kills people using bombs.ing verbs when they speak. Encourage students to use . etc. write some of these errors on the board ond elicit corrections. monitoring and noting mistakes made involving Coneclion -ing verbs.

Building . but. After students complete Exercise 3d.ti 3 Reading skills Give students a couple of minutes to fead and think about the questions in Exercise 3a.a responsibility to earn. Remind students that tbey have to come to a decision about what to do about the site. have students work individually to find the answers to these questions. Unit 7 T 75 Body language . Answers: 1 A consultant 2 He felt he was charging a company an exorbitant fee. 4 He felt a responsibility to his family . . Presentation altemative Write some useful language on the board to help students with the role-ploy: I think / I believe we should. In Exercise 3b. say. 3 He didn't know whether he should be honest and resign or not. eight minutes. Answers to Exercise 3c will be individual. and then ask them to check their answers with a partner. ask them to discuss the site. Give a time limit of. Remind students about the Glossary. Surely it's beller to / important to . 4 Speaking skills Ask students to read the newspaper extract in Exercise 4a and in pairs make a list of possible opinions. When the students are ready. I see your point. ask them to look at page 146 and read their role card carefully. ask the class whether the minister's advice was the same as their advice. Monitor and help with vocabulary. and ask each student in each group to choose one: A local resident 8 social worker C member of local Chamber of Commerce o local doctor When students have selected their role. Encourage students to discuss their answers with a new partner. Write the roles on the board. Then match one pair with another to form a grou p of four to do the role-play in Exercise 4b. Then put them in small groups to discuss their answers. Ask students to list the opinions of their "character" in note form and add any from exercise 4a .. would be .

" he said. " I've been walking up and down the street wondering if I should disturb you. in the Cl~J e a n'lC eung tY since fir d h as been ern:P 'wl t\\lO \ an the old hoSP1 destroyed _1 residents and \oC<u . the consultants were to determine the reasons fo r the losses of the comp. evaluating the operating of a fail ing company in Bangor. Maine. 1 What was the man's job? 2 What was the problem he perceived with h is job? A Moral Dilemma everal years ago in Bangor. 's The cur r e l' the CItY uild a hostel for a1 is to b ut this propOs . addiCts an for the site IS ntn\an . wanted. {row \oc 6. b met With te d to be a1 residents.3 Reading skills a Before you read. though it's easy to see many faults in its operation and cite remedies. . For a fcc of $25. d hom . g star ts at . Should I resign and tell the board of the company how I feci? My responsibility to my family disturbs me. Do I have the right to renounce a good salary and impose hardships on my fa mily until I get another job?" GLOSSARY delermine find oul absorb (here) pay without finding illoo difficult render a service give/offer 8 service b In groups of four. imagine you are al the meeting. look at the bottom of the page. Be honest! 1 When you need someone to talk to. yearS ago.my. But. The rn and all are tomorrow evetUJlg wel corne . Come to a decision about the site. the notoriOUS The fate of d in the Las \ t onan vacant p o ." H e was on a first assignment with a wcll~kJl ow n consulting firm in New York City. ceun . who do you turn to? 2 Would you resign from a job if you had to do something you believed was wrong? 3 Would you resign from Ihal job if you and your family needed the money? II Read tho story on the right and answer the questions below.000. The . discuss what you think might be the opinions of the poople who live near the land. consIdering the moral implications of your decision. going to be di tflCt 1S EstfeUas s '" evening at decided tOIUorro\ '"" hall. increastng\y have become rnptY plot dasthce • conccrne attracting drug has been eleSS people. I need someone to talk to. answer these questions. and to chart a way to profits. . Body language Unit . discuss these questions. expec . 4 Speaking skills a Look at the newspaper extract. I am convinced that we are charging this company a n exorbitant fcc far beyond its power to absorb and far beyond the proper charge for the services we arc rendering. In pairs. a man knocked on the door of a minister late at night.3" h ostilitY . " It's just what S 3 What wns his moral dilemma? 4 How did his fa mily affect the moral dilemma? c In pairs. " I worked for months to get this job. H e said. Your teacher will give you roles from p~gc ~4G. homeless. 1 How do you think the minister responded to the man's request? 2 What would you have advised the man to do? 3 What do you think the man did in the r end? d To find out how the story ends.

then answer the questions. AbOut 93 another usi.l ( what Y ffectiveness is vocal (voice). Moreover. the first Of::: the first 30 S~~le when they roe et :~t"View. The ideol candidates will be commiHed to ecological and green issues and will be passionate and enthusiastic when dealing with both the public and with other organizations. On the basis of appearance alone.~ . Your interpersonal skills will be essential in establishing a rela tionship with potential donors.\ne ds ro. people eVal uate one ual (appearance) . would you discount any oftha applicants in the pichlres? c L pairs. . k eep betWeen tWO llUU tun. 2 What can yo u guess about their past? He/She m ightlcouJd have . What can you guess about the people in the pictures? ACCOr ()1D. the "Three Vs"': visaU say) .ng and verba.a.ke or bres. w ho will be able to think of and manage original but successful fundraisi ng projects.'~: even gotten to in u before conclusions a. b Read the ad for a fundraiser. but trai ning will be provided.Rainforest ~Research Rainforest research is looking for experienced fund raisers to ioin our team! We need highly motivated people to raise public awareness of the problems faci ng rainforests today. W e are looking for people with a creative streak and lots of imaginatio n.. studY.~dO :~:t~~e interviewer JIly~.. percent nonverbal COJOlll~k the connection dewrro. list the qualities and skills necessary for n tho job advortised.::. He/She looks I looks like .- 1 Warm u p a Read tho toxt below..bOut y o xt tune you're on an dra.. What would you say about those aspect s? appearance nonverbal communication oyo contact han dshake backgrou nd oducati onallovel commun ication skills confidence voice Candidates will ideally have experience in working for a charity. 1 What do you th ink the people are like? He's/She's the kind of person who . rson's co:aununica. Unit 7 Body longuoge ..ti°C:t~on. and to help us ra ise the funds necessary to continue our research.wing the interview room.g to one UCLA..

friendly. 1 Warm up Ask studonts to do Exercise 1a in pairs. She might not have been to a job interview before. She looks confiden t and easy-going. Monitor and help with ideas. finn Background : well-traveled. Ho looks confident. smiling eyes Handshake: strong. warm. Louise is the lcind of person who likes to be friendly and helpfu l. Then put students in pairs to list qualities and skills under the headings in Exercise l c. arrive on time. need to have worked with people: an interest and knowledge of environmental issues Educational level: well-educated but no need to be very intelligent Communication skills: need to be very good Confidence: h igh . making a presentation Write on the boord: A job interview. positive •• Bodylonguoge T 76 Unil7 . the post.but not overly so (arrogant) Voice: clear. Possible list: Appearance: smart casual. Ask students to read the ad in Exercise l b and discuss the question . e ncourage lots ofspccullllion. She may have worked in public relations. be enthusiastiC: be positive. smiling. CVs. She's shy. Some possible answers ore: licil dress smartly. the passive interviewers' notes Ustening an interview ponel Speaking assessing candidates. prepare what you won/lo say. enthusiastic. Ho might have worked for a high-powered company. make eye conlad. Ask If you wont 10 make 0 good impression of a job interview. smile. enthusiastic Non-verbal communication: good posture: confident manner Eye contact: need to be good at making eye contact. whol is il importonllo do? Introduce the topic E answers and write a lisl on the boord. As students report their answers to the class . wear a suit. perhaps arrogant. Anna is the kind of person who is very quiet at parties. Suggested answers: Matthew is tho kind of person who doesn't like people to be late.Objectives Grammar Topic: interviews Reading dedudion and possibility in job ods. He looks like a movie star. be polile.

although Anna hod the key experience and skills. Ask the chairperson of each group to prescnt their ideas to the other group.. in Exercise 5c. ask them to sit a circle of five .and he must hove hod plenty of those in advertising . Ihe "". A Good ideo. something. A Yes. would be good at the personal side of the job. Wei. 6 Follow up Before dividing the class into groups of fi ve for Exercise 6a. and make notes. Okay. she didn't wont 10 tell us. make sure students understand that debriefing means finding out information about a past action or event. liked travel potential Louise pleasant manner .she WOSfi't really right fOI' '"""'" ""'.. I thought at first he seemed a bit indifferent. gel 0 better ideo of how QUickiy she might pick up the financial side. discuss i t. Ask students to copy the table in Exercise sb into their notebooks. who! did yoo think of Anno? ""'good' A Well. NIaIIhew . eye contact was bad. well he sold he likes a challenge . buI it isn1 really.her 0 eye conlOO wos bod. degree is right Matthew likes a challengo. kept looking over my shoulder. find out which candidates students would recommend and why. finonciol planning. Go around the class. B No. too. Have students listen and make notes. B Me. relevant. let's do thot. possible personal problems at first seemed a bit indi fferent.nice smile. Subdivide the groups and allow the two interviewers and three interviewees five minutes to prepare. TeU the interviewers to briefly list the points they wish to make to each candidate. B Yes. Her interpersoool skills orenl really good enough.. B True. When eliciting answers from the class. not excited obout the job. Encourage the interviewers to be diplomatic in what thoy say. Start the role-play. A A liII1e 100 confident. A I agree. I think we should get her bock for a SC(ond interview. End the lesson by discussing the questions in Exercise 6b .she must hove done exactly whot we wonl in the Greenpeoce iOb . When students are ready. the Greenpeoce job mUSl hove involved more office work thon our job. She'd be good at the personal side of the job. sending her on a course should help. I dOll't think we can management experieoce may hove been B Yes. Well. and from whol Anno said. il ~ 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. and that kind of thing. I thought 01first that her theater we've interviewed today. on interesting guy. but then he improved during the interview. B No . we'd better look at the three candidates hove hod some personal problems or B Yeah. look.rtywaoJ. 3 Prepare Ask students to remain in the same small groups and follow the instructions to propare for the group presentation. she kept looking over my shoulder. he did. r r Unil7 T 77 Body language . Answer: They offer Matthew a job and ask Louise to come back for a second in terview. let's go and tell them the news .tlen we talked oboullhe travel potef1lial. she should learn that in a couple of weeks.. I wonder why she hod those two years out from 2000 to 2002. with tho interviewers faci ng the candidates. 4 Feedback Pair up groups. good eye contact. B Mmm. interpersonal skills aren't really good enough. she really needs 1 wort. thors one job filled. and irs what we need.nico smile. Ask students to refer back to tho list they made in exercise l e. Answers: For Anna experience in fundra ising and managing money. Rnonciol planning is key! We hove 10 hove someone who coo do thot! A Well. and tho! ki'ld of thing. Play the audio again. A No. I do. I think thars her manner. maybe? And her Quolificalioos oren1 exactly relevant.so he might hove thought at first tho! the job didn't offer enough challenges. financ ial planning. Okay. Ask students to listen and note the outcome. I think we should offer him one of the jobs. maybe? qualifications not exactly relevant Against Greenpeace job more office work than this job. good experience in fundroising and managing money . theater management experience not relevant: a little too confi dent . Do you? A Yes. Ncm.2 Task Divide students into groups of four to read the infonnation. at first I lhought louise would hove beerl ideal buI she locks a key skiI. though her degree is exoctly right. She might I liked him. ~'-----------------~----~~--------------------------------------. she lacks a key skill. you know. if we send her on a training course. good eye cootOCf. He gol more interesled v.. Now. usually by questioning someone thoroughly. on those . /Jo. I didn't think she was 100 confident. not excited about the job Elicit answers from the class before asking students for their own opinion. helping with vocabulary and ideas. She's got a very pIecsont manner . Go around monitoring and noting any mistakes for later discussion. A So.

re Louise Jj. Harden BiochemiCals Research assIstant . experience.2002 2003-2004 Work experience 2004-2006 Qualifications I~& ~~ ~ in Media Studies . .1998 1998-200 0 work 2002. Anna. Aga inst c Did you agree with the docisions ofthe interviewers in Exercise Sa? 6 Follow up 2 Task You are going to present your assessment of the best candidate for the job. and Louise. In groups. Then Iislen to their presentation. f Maryland (Environmental UniversIty 0 Studies) . read the information above and make notes about each candidate. Would you recommend each one or not? 3 Prepare In your groups. Lyric Theater 4 Feedback Present your analysis and recommendations to another group.2006 xperie nce : '- . Ce rtificate in The ~ sutant) f~_ • Mana ater Management Interviewers' notes ger. would you change any of the decisions? Body language Unit 7 . discuss these questions. there is more than one job. Do you agree with their recommendations? Can you add anything? 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people discussing the candidates after the interviews.) 4 Appoint a chairperson to take notes for the presentation. listen and offer advice afterwards.Matthew Candidate information Anna 'ucation 1995. Candidates: Talk 10 each olber about how the interview went fo r you. then give the resu lt of the interview to each candidate in tum and tell them why they got I didn 't get the job. prepare a three·minute presentation of your recommendations 10 presenl 10 other groups. What is tho outcome of their discussion? ~ b Listen again and note the points made for and against each candidate. Think about the fo llowing: 1 How will you arrange your presentation? (by candidate. Matthew. Work in groups of five and take these roles: the two interviewers. then respond to the interviewers when they are ta lking to you. G enpeace Fundralser. a You are going to hold the debriefi ng meetings with the three candidates. etc?) 2 What language will you need to compare the candidates? 3 What are your final recommendations? (Remember. 1 How did you feel about tho debriefing meeting? Z After the debriefing meeting. b In the whole class. by skill. When they are talking to the other candidates. Anna Matthew Louise Fo. Interviewers: Prepare your feedback for each candidate.U.

we finished it in time.t qualifications. INhen the ~te clause comes first. i"lO'Nev€r". was a very difficult job. pessimistic neM>US team new • as the complement or object after some verbs: Yotx WOfSt habit is lying to me! I really hate rushing to finish assignments. 5 thin . dislike. mind. 1 an angular face 6 7 hewy e)!elids 2 a promineflt 3 full D21!fl a high fo r ehead lins l ips 4 buShy eyebro ws • 9 10 bloodshot a poijnted sticking-out e)!e!. sane people are not happy 800ut this. . enjoy. However/Nevertheless. we finished it in time. She didn't get the Pb even IflcxJgh she had the ng. although. before the main vern: cheerlul deprossed extroverted Introverted outgoing quiet Studying hard is the only way to pass the exam. 2 I enjoy my work/studies althOugh .I<Wfications. avoid. with little change to the sentence: We often judge people by appearances but/ though some people may not be happy about this.". ".thinking 2 dishonest honest introverted demanding slow·wilted 3 extroverted 4 easy-going 5 intelligent want to lead a good life in my country... Note: in American English we can also use to + infinitive after like and hate: I hate to be late. arn::! one with an opposite meaning. I in spite of some people not being happy about this. Reading lots of books is the best way to ~ demanding edgy intelligent optimistic quick-thinking slow-witted arrogant aggressive bad-tempered calm coofident conl ent dishonest easy-going honest indifferent . .. 2 _ _ is the ideal way 1 learn a foreign language.x:Jge people by appearances.! chin 3 I don'! earn much money. though. Unit7 Body language . we separate the clauses with a comma. 1 _ _ is the best way to be successful in your career. I look forward to _ _ " Choose three adjectives which describe you and three which are not like you at all. Write or talk about the contrasts in your life. miss.XpI'isi"lg Fonn Example SLtJordilating c:orlu1ctkxls: join a mail clause arx:l a subordinate clause. Followed by a comma. despite is fl'lOI'e formal than in spite of. 1 In spite of being a good student at school. """ though intrOduce a second idea thai makes the mai"I idea SI. suggest. In spite of I despite having long hair. hate.gy untrustworth y outgoi ng rel axed {Iuick . Vocabulary Summary 1 The face We often. VV'hen the subordinate Clause comes first. We can use a variety of forms of contrast. 'M3 separate the clauses 'Mth a rorrvna. ~ 2 Personality adjectives academic athletic changeable active authoritative 2 The -in9 verb We use the -ing verb in the fOllOwing ways: • as the subtect of the sentence. advertls: precede a second sentence: usucilly after a period but can be after a AlthOugh she had the right Qt. add an idea thai makes a previously mentioned idea surprising or less true in spite of. Nevertheless. Adjective t ne<VOUS -- prodictabIe Shy threatening untrustworthy """""" su"""' "'" Similar meaning Opposite meaning oa1~ • after a preposition: He apologized for being late for tile Interview. she didn't get the Pb. We often judge people by appearances in spite of the fact that some people are not happy about this. Complete this table with one adjective with a similar meaning to the one provided. Complete these sentences with your own words. despite Introduce a second idea thai It was a very difficult job. he £Ptthe job. prepositions: follov. makes the maln idea surprising He got the job in spite of / despite his long hair. . Compare with a partner and explain your choices. The Slbor'dnate clause can come frst or second h the sentence.'ed by a noun oc-ing form of the verb.. Complete these statements with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other necessary words.happy • after the following common verbs: like. 4 One thing I enjOy doing in my free time is _ _ " 5 Vv'hen I have enough money. U. cI"Wl ears eyebrows eyelids eyes face forehead lips mou1h """ Make combinations of these adjectives and a noun from the list above. It sam-colon. however. 4 AlthOugh I am not an expert in computers. . d91y. keep.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Linkers for contrast The lable below Shows a number of ways in which we can compare and contrast two ideas. 0 3 _ _ Is important if you ' <i.

The COuntry is now faced Withc. Note: you will need to show these notes to a classmale at the end of Unit 8. 2 Using a monolingual dictionary At this level of English. b Italy will have to play against Brazil in the final of the World Cup.u~~~1. or have never worked with one. c I want an apartment that looks onto a park I want an apartment that faces the park.. Put this list into the order thai they appear in the dictionary: compound nouns. If you aren't working with one. ~e do . The three red stars mean thai it is one of the 2.. • face doin th M e P10spect workers faa! losin~ ~heir of the shipyard . Grammar 1 What part of speectl is the 'NOId faceless? adjective left it 'until t~~d':z~~ic:. phrasal verbs.500 most frequently used words in the English language.. lilT] i::t 2 Is the p/YasaI verb face up to transitive or intransitive? transitive 3 WtJch two forms can follow can 't face? noun. Then discuss these questions.he S ~~~~~~I~i?§~~:}t~~nt~ ':t"Jn~~: ~~ omg 5th I just exists fact that she still miss~ h' had to face the 4 [T] to talk to someone Wh~~tn . ace conference. vefbs or the prepositiorv'adverb? the preposition 3 Think about stress and say this sentence: Face up to your responsibilities Your action pla n: exploring idioms and compounds Look at the entry for eye and the compound entries that follow it on page 157 al the back of your book and complete the task on page 156. exchange and rBad your partner's anecdote. you'll fail the exam. It is in red because it is frequently used.U 1 be turned to 2 deal with problem 3 accept 4 talk to sb 1 look al the headword for the verb face. A ~ can. it's time to get startedl You are going to work on the word face.Yn in this dictionary? in italic 3 Rewrite these senteoces USilg a form Of the verb face.~:~h.>UU"i/1P'Y 1 'Nhal did you think about the anecdote? 2 Ive there arTf questions you want to ask about the story? 3 can you make My suggestions 10 rnprove it? O~ ". § ~ IX .. ~ o > o Cl. %~re:gb~rr~~sing: I'll never be ablelStg:~ult 5 T t am GJ ter what happened.hft. you 'll fail the exam.U L. . 3: fa~~t·~~~~r~l~s:nar~~i~~~~l~St person does f repr:sen. tf ' fi . look at the headword face.h Wit. hdp ""' ckd. can t ace attending another let's fac~ it spoken used before saying somethmg that people might not want t ~J~.Macross thfie ta·ble.~d' ~:tyO~~ it is true: Let's face it.e". Now answer the questions that follow the extract. Is the main stress on the fr. you shoukl be working with an effective monolingual dictionary. Let's face it.h~Bon~. a You have to accept that if you don't study.1m -nd . General organization face} I retsl verb *** 5 compete against sb + PHRASES + PHRASAl VERB -J L.' y room aces north [T] if you face a problem or if it Ii you have to deal with it" be f d ~hes YOU.. list all the ways a dictionary can help you. w~llfi~cec°Campepte/agfiamst someone: Williams ria I or the title !A~] ~yat~c~~~~itt~ ~~~~n:~tion to have your face or front toward omeone or something' The two m fh~~~~he. if you don't study.ing form Pronunciation 1 \'Vhich is the stressed syllable in faceless? fa ce 2 PtvasaI verbs are made of a verb plus one or two prepositions and adverbs.t a large organization ecause they ace. phrasal verbs. I fels.hftl noun [Cj 1 a medical operation to make someone's face look younge~ 2 work that is done to make someth¥lg look more attractive ay. How many definitions of this verb are thefe? five 2 Each headwooj is followed by a number of different categories of words.54~. Italy will face Brazil in Lhe final of tlie World Cup. ~ b Look at the dictionary entries 00 page 154 and see if you can add anything to the group's lisl. Iby sth of war."i/ . phrases. spd/. look at the stress in the phrasal verb in the extract.f. Body language Unit7 . ~. I<J<] REVIEW Review your actio n pla n: writing an interes ting s tory In pairs. • I turn:~ {~%~e 2 .gth: c~on'1'e work.~. . idioms or phrases.z Z (!) Using a monolingual dictionary 1 How a dictionary can help you a In grouPS. g>ed Joy <>pJ. compound nouns 3 How many p/vasaI verbs are listed undef the headword face? one Meaning 1 How many definitions are given for faceIfft? two 2 How are examples sho\.C~~~P~~~%~~:.

It was such a bloody marvelous leliel.- GLOSSARY mesmerizing very attractive. It all happened so fast I loved shooting this man h . ~ . But this time 0 was beaten by Sebastian Cae: -I couldn't see Steve. the great SPOrts' erb If/ustrated h t t p a ographer was there 00 ~ he's the one that you can ~ behind the champion's legs. ' ewasmy . reporters on the UK Observer newspaper ch~se the 50 best sports photographs of aU time. ® There's © '--' The moment the world 01 athletics 'NOS Mood upsid e down. I'm not sure which is the best picture.. Herb actually had first choice of seats was a bit annoyed when I got so I 500m had already won the 800m gold . . th iS shot. Which is the most popular picture in your group/class? 2 Reading skills What I love about the picture is that the phOtographer has gone up high into the stands. 2 3 11 captures 4 It i s spontaneous . Justify your preferences w ith reference to the quaht\es III the text. defeat. was now funning lor the tope knowing 1had hit my limit. !he fovorite fOf tt .. movement. h~ . And he's got a dean background. causing you to watch UnitS Sports .more than iust a great sports picture. The onxiety over the lost meters wos unbeorob! h~m~n being. picture.. not a great story behind this Picture. the race for the finishing line. victory. 1 B ~ It captures a great event: action. The more popular place to go for in big games is at ground level. the Moscow OlympiCS.The great picture shaw What makes a great sports picture? In 2003.the race Cae . S It is timeless . It was a normal fight H Scharfma n. picture that sums up this great player beautifully .aVOrlte subiect Such a WOnderful I· A lew meters post the line I sonk to my knees. a Look at the text and the pictures. all of which illustrate qualities thot make a great sports picture.. Among thelT choices were these three pictures. b In group. 1 Speaking skills USEFUL LANGUAGE Whot I like about this picture is ' 0' f don't know why llike 1M!. co~pare your answers. bul . fearless .s . Steve Ovett. It's a a Th e~e are the captions that accompanied the photographs. Read each captIon and match it with the correct picture. the essence of a great competitor : deter mined.. . ecstasy. The expressions on their faces and the fact that they aU look as thOugh they are about to run off in different directions is wonderful.it did take five or six players to take him out! He was a mesmerizing player and what the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. Cae crosses the line to toke the 1500m gold . It captures a mo ment af great emo tio n: rage. Which picture do you think is the best? Number them in order of preferonceand note your masons.had dreamed about for years. I've just been out to MIChigan to shoot him again.it hasn' t been specially set up by the photographer..

1 Speaking skills Ask studen ts to look at the pictures.Objectives Grammar Topic: sports Vocabulary Reading noun clouses using whquestion words track and field extracts from a sports magazine Speaking ronking photographs according to criteria Write Olympic Sports on the boord. Then div ide students into groups of four to six to discuss their proforonc(ls in Exercise l b.and he beats his great rival and teammate Sieve Ovett. not afraid Vocabulary check Z Reading skil ls Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a quickly. Draw their attention to tho Useful Language box. A~ernolively. Ask students which sports they enjoy playing or watching and why. It is a good idea to model the task first. name the sport. Afterwords.on alternative You may need to check if students understand some difficult words connected with emotions and qualities. Answers: A The soccer picture: Diego Maradona of Argentina fa ces the lJelgian defonse in the semi-fi nal of the World Cup in 1986. Give students a one' minute time limit to do this. Presentot. They should scan each text for clues as to which pict ure it describes. and lell you what is happening or has just happoned in each picture..the moment of winning . S ports T 80 Unit8 . Elicit as many sports as you con from students and write them on the board. H Tho boxi ng picture: Muhammed Ali knocks oul an opponent.. put students in pairs 10 write their own lisl. C The ath letics (track and fiel d) picture: Sebastian Cae ofC reat Britain wins tho l S00-meter gold medal at the Moscow Olympics in 1980 . Introduce !he topic . In other words. so you cou ld road it aloud while students listen and read.give them two minutes to do it. The lext is short. Give students two minutes to rank the pictures in order of proference for Exercise 10. The photographer has captured a brief momenl. choose a pidure and describe it: What/like about this picture is it /s spontaneous.. rage = extreme anger ecstasy = extreme happiness determined '" really wonting to win/succeed fearless". ask the class which words helped thorn answer the question. T hen compile a closs lisl on the board.

What/like about soccer is that the players are so skillful. . five or six players are needed 10 do this. Oul must be a phrasal verb. clauses Have students do Exercise 3b in the same way. in Exercise 3a. Let students work in pairs. out must mean defeat or stop. So. 4 at the end of my physical reserves. or by that + a clause (= subject + verb + object). take . briefly check the groups' answers. Common PfOb'ems and errors Students often attempt to apply question forms 10 Ihe clauses. 5 an excessive amount t ·· a Quick grammar guide: noun 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) Have students underline the noun clauses. Point out that is needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase. Unit 8 T 81 Sports . For example. Noun clauses. beginning with a question word.. Do the first sentence in exercise 3d as an example.. Guessing meaning from context Ask students to work out what port of speech the word or phrase is. ca n be confusing for students because (unlike yes/no questionsl there is no inversion or use of question-forming auxiliaries after the question word. with an overall lime limit of ten minutes.. Then ask them to use other neighboring words to help them decide what the words might mean. then check their answers with the Grammar Summary on page 88. take . 2 photograph. At the end. Those who finish early will have longer to do the discussion in exercise 4d. for example: What/like about soccer is the ball skills. Have them appoint one person as the timekeeper for the group. We use noun clauses as subjects when we want to emphasize them . Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2c. A good way to manage this activity is to leave them to work through the activities at their own speed. I'd like to know R9W €lees f::Ie play so wel/. For example. Answers: Here the noun clauses are subjects.Ask students to match the captions to the phrases in Exercise 2b. Ask them to work indiv idually and then compare their answers with a partner. 3 the fi nishing line. Suggested answers: 1 stop him. 4 Vocabulary: track and field Have students work in pairs or groups of three or four to do Exercises 4a to 4d. Presentation 0_ •• Ask students to complete Exercise 3d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. Nobody knows WRI' i5 Re so good. then answer the questions.

. 2 high jump : a fl ea can jump 100 centimeters high ... 1 The perspective of the picture is what I love about this one. 1 boxer 2 soccer player 3 runner 4 basketba ll pl ayer 5 weight-lifter 6 race car dri ver abi lity to ru n/jump speed strength hand-eye coordination love of danger ability to work in a team stamina determi nation I think whot mokes a great boxer is ... .b Read the captions again.. 2 Herb couldn 't understand how I got such a good shot. and 3 above? Why do you th ink this is? 1 What J love about the picture is that the photographer has gone up high into the stands.. the kangaroo rat can jump 10 ti mos its own length... is my fa vorite sport : 4 What I really like Idon't like about the Olympic Games is . 1 take him out {A} 2 shot (8) 3 the tape (C) 4 hit my limit (C) 5 unbearable (C) 4 Vocabulary: track and field a Complete the table with the correct nouns or verbs. c Check your answers in the Gra mmar Summary on page 88.l the high jump sprintin). C c Find the following words or expressions in Exercise 2a. 4 swimming : dolphins can travol great distances in the water without stopping. 6 It always amazes me in big soccer or football games how . a cheetah a flea a kangaroo a dolphin an ant 1 sprinting : the cheetah can run 100 meters in five seconds. 2 What the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. 2: What I dislike about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . but an ant can lift 50 times its own weight. 2 a great event A.. Unit S . b Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 88. 1 What I like about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . C 5 victory B.! diving wei&. d Complete these sente nces with your own words. Figu re out what they mean from the context.. How Bre these different from 1. Underline the noun clause in each sentence. using the criteria in the box and any others you can think of. it is the fastest creatu re on earth. .. 7 What attracts me to watching sports on television is . how. why b Are the noun clauses the subject or the object of the sentence? the object b Now look at these sentences from the captions a nd underline the noun clause. 8 I can't understand the menta lity of sports fans who . at a speed of up to 46 kilometers an hour. Which ono describes (or which ones describe) the fo llowing? 1 a great personal ity A. Then answer the questions. e Com pare your ideas with the rest of the class.. 5 One thi ng I don't understand about sports is why . C 6 great emotion B.. 3 Lot me tell you why . 3 You can see from this picture why Coe was such a great competitor. 2. discuss these athletes.er sprinter diver weightlifter javelin thrower 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) a Look at these quotes describing tho pictures . d What makes a great athlete? In pairs... C 3 an unusual perspective for a picture A 4 movement A .htlift ill8 the javelin Person swimmer longlwnper his!Lj ume. c Wh ich sport wou ld these animals excel in? Write the sport in the sentences below.that means it accelerates fa ster than the space shutt le! 3 long jump : a kangaroo can jump 13 meters. 5 weightlifting : a real ly strong man can li ft twice his own weight. Verb swim do lhe longjump do Ih ~ higlu ump sprint di vl' lift weights Ihro\\ the ja\'clin Sport swimming long jU1I1J. 13. C 7 the race for the fini shing li ne C 8 professional rivalry B. a Which question words in troduce the clauses? what . Then compare them with a partner.

GLOSSARY martial to do with war or fighting suppleness being able to move and bend your body easilv '- UnitS Sports . or twist away. read about two martial arts. 1 Some peop le take up a martia l art . Some people see it purely as a way of enjoying themselves. 4 Everyone should eat a balanced diet. too: I took up judo so as nollo I so that I . wouldn 't feel scared in the streets at mght. so as to fight their masters. 2 Grammar: expressing purpose a A common way of expressing purpose is with to: I took up karate 10 keep fit. 3 We should try to use our cars less . . Find mor~ ways of expressing purpose in the texts. LANGUAGE NOTE We can use the expressions of purpose in the negative. others do it to keep fit. 1 2 3 4 Where did the sport originate? When did it originate? Why do people practice the sport? What are its main movements? d . So in capoeira you might head butt an opponent. c Ask your partner these questions about their text.. and others to defend themselves. discuss the pictures. omg. do a handstand to move away. 2 People sometimes do volunteer work . after the early years of slavery. It involves both strength and suppleness. about capoeira.. so the slaves practiced it secretly in the forest In order to disguise it from their masters. Brazil.. It consists of a number of movements based on attack and evasion.1 Reading skills a In pairs. Would you prefer to take up karate or capoelra.. Student B: Read the text about karate on page 150. b Complete these sentences with an expression of purpose and your own words. The first record of it dates from 1770. 1 What are the people in the pictures d· . drop onto your elbovvs and kick. the slave owners prohibited it. gymnastics. It was developed by the slaves in Bahia. WhIch verb forms follow the expressions? Why?/Why not? capoelra Capoeira was originally an African martial art imported to Brazil along with African slaves. 2 What is the purpose of these sports? 3 Do you do any sports like these? Why? b In pairs. Soon. and martial arts. • Martial arts: Capoeira is now mainly known as a mixture of dance.. Student A: Read the text below. the slaves made it look like a dance. 5 A lot of people do yoga or meditate.. It has become very popular in recent years. Try to make at least one negative sentence.

to feel more prepared. toe kwon do. So (thaI) is 0. followed by a clouse. Then they discuss it with their portner. ond it gives you on opport unity to mix pairs in the classroom. Students then ask a nd answer the questions. but I started it in order to feel safer. To. Answ ers: Capooim Africa Beforo 1770 To en joy themselves. Let st udents check in pa irs.Objectives Grammar Topic: martial arts and parts of the body Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading extract from a Writing Ustening expressing purpose ports of the body w eak forms with l'd/ martial arts book on advice leaflet on security a radio phone-in Wrile Martial Arts on the board..000 years ago Self-defense. 10 defend themselves Complete tho fi rs t son te nce in Exercise 2b as an exa mple to get stude nts sta rted . kung fuJ. force comes from hips . so I took up karate to feel stronger. . . who ha s read the some text.balance and hip ro tation Divide the class into A poirs and B poirs. drop to elbows. and point o ut tho rules of uso and form. Some people take up a martial art in order to enjoy themselves. Then mix students so that As are paired with Bs. on expression of purpose. karole. T hen as k a few ind ividuals to read their sen tences aloud for the class.udo. Quick grammar guide Answers: . Discuss student s' responses to Exercise 1d as a w hole class. but I need to save money.~----------------------~ For Exercise 4 on page 83 ::wi Sometimes irs scary walking home at night. then as k them 10 use their imagination to w rite sentences. - altemative 2 Grammal': ex press ing purpose Write studen ts' findings from Exercise 2a on the board. II is not. Karate may not really make me sofer. defend themselves Allack and evasion: head bUll . Model a nswers: Some people take up a martial art to keep fit. so thai you can use Ihem with force and accuracy . ~. In order to disguise it .. Check answers wit h the class briefly." unci who is going to be "B. You don't hove to walk at nig ht here .. Then ask thorn to take turns to ask and answer tho q uestions in Exercise l e. Some people take up a martial art so thai they know how to defend themselves. Draw attention to the Languago Note .lell students in pairs to decide who is goi ng to bo "A . a nd B pairs read text B. you give students preparation Hme so that they are ready to answer queslions. Write on the board: Introducethetopk bell /dc. so as to fight their masters . Point out the Clossary.. which includes h ow to form tho nogative of an expression of purpose using those phrases. They hove to make sure they can answer the questions and explain difficult words to each other... For Excn:ise l h . kick. twist away Karote lndia 2.. here.. handstand. keep fi t. By doing this. A poirs read text A. Aftcrwurds. Ask students to give you examples of martial arts I. " Ask them to road their texts carefully. philosophical way of life Allack with foot and hands... ond I do_ Sports T 82 Unit 8 . and vice versa. They are followed by on infinilive. ask one or two As to summarize the answe rs from B's text.you can toke 0 cob.. throw twist self-defense confidence keep fit Ask How are these words related /0 martial artS? •• 1 Reading skills Ask stude nts 10 work in pai rs to do Exercise l a. in order 1 and so as to a re used to express purpose. Be careful: so is used twice in the text with the meaning of consequently. to keep fit .

it is. asking students 10 repeat. not down. just give it to him. Pass the guides around the class for other groups to read. but he didn't harm me. Clues: in a place you don't know. Jason. you could be in trouble. but true . using the words in exercise 3b. For Exercise 6b seat each group of six in a circle or around a table. Ask students to read through steps 1 to 4 carefully. but an onacker could use your weapon against you. look ahead. rve started to carry. I'd just like to soy that irs not just women who are anocked at night. walk toll. Now we hove Allie on the line. people come out of their houses to see v. but I need to save money. After Exercise 6c. or1icles.. Allie. what happened? Caler 2 Well. It should not be necessary to pause the recording for them to write. there has been on increase in anocks on women in the streets at night. Expert Hello. keep to well-lit streets where there are lots of people. but our first advice would be not to put yourself in any s~uotion 'Nhere there might be danger. with me today. make sure you know enough of the language to . /0. Sub-divide the groups and make sure each pair chooses a different situation. Is that true? Host Fire? Expert Yes. irs so unstressed in continuous spee<:h that it con barely be heard. too. Give them an example (soccer: foot.if there isn't a lot of troffic. Ti 6 Writing skills When students have done Exercise 6a . Replay the audio. thaI isn't a good ideo. Thank you. Is thot useful? Expert Yes. donl go down alle-ywoys or into badly·lit areas if you con help it.. knee. Host I understand that a lot more women are taking up martial arts these days. Words which ore commonly unstressed. You don" have to walk at night here . You see. it 5 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise Sa once through and then check answers.no . the!. if he's attacked again? Expert If you get in a situation that you can't avoid. Host What other basic advice would you gwe women wolking alone at night? Expert Well. (to.. He took my wallet and my cellphone. Or if you harm someone. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with l'dl pronundation gQuick The weak unstressed 13/ sound is the most common phoneme in English. ankle are important.. pause the recording.. if you call out "Helpr. Sod.if you have to walk the streets alone at night. But. you should shout au! "Fire!" as loud as you can. the guy threatened me with a knife. Why go on the streets alone? Host We have a coller who'd like to soy something here. rve heard that. I understand that you feel safer. yes. encourage students to take notes as they liston. Host Okay. Muggers tend to go for people who look nervous. martial arts or seIf·defense courses can help your confidence. Karote may not really make me safer. Play the audio again for Exercise sh and have students check the p hrases the police officer agrees with. a weapon with me now . you know. as though you know where you're going. Host We have another call. or put them on the class notice board. sometimes just feeling sofer can help. but if you coli aut "Firel". In Exercise 5c. I was attacked a few months ago . and other structure words ore often pronounced with the /3/ sound.-hors happening. H's sometimes bener to walk on the street rather __ than the sidewalk . and I do. and took purposeful. so I took up karate to feel stronger. AI limes. of course as you're in the open there. Allow five minutes to discuss and make notes. Expert Joson. So the progrom today is asking: is there ony1hing women con do? To help us come up with some answers.you can take a cob. thars true. Allie? Calef 3 Yes. otJ. try running fi rst. Now we hove . I wanted to ask about something I've heard. Police and women" s organizations soy the problem is getting worse. 0 Expert Yes. and irs a good idea.. Deborah? Caller 1Oh. There's no point in risking your life for money. hi.I feel safer. So. ~ Allow students to check their answers in pairs before they listen to the audio for Exercise 4b to check. like. If that doesn't work. Unit 8 T 83 Sports . Host Okay. divide students into groups of four. as is head). there's alilhe obvious advice. check that they understand that the leafl et is written for tourists.3 Vocabulary: parts of the body For Exercise 3e. but I started it in order 1 feel sofer. Then ask them to discuss some sports. I've heard that if you're allacked. what would you like to '-Of' Caler 2 Hello. like prepositions. shin.. I hove a police expert Martin Fowles. You dorn want to look like a victim . people may not want to get Involved. After each line. to feel more prepared. and the anacker wants money. Host But what should someone like Jason do. you know. staple the leaflets together to make a guide for vis itors. The audiascript for Track 34 is on poge T82 ~ 35~-------------------------------------------------------Host Recently. I live in New York: and sometimes irs scary wolking home at night. Host Ch. so I guess ~ wasnl too bad. It is a good idea to hand out blank pieces of paper to make sure all the leaflets are the same size. Well.

discuss which parIs of the body are important in any sports Ihal you play.who might rcad it? Why? Do you agree with the advice? iJ!I 0 III Practical tips When you're in a place you don't know: 1 ensure you find out where lhe dangerous areas are and don't go there! ' c In groups. to feel more prepared. but I started it in order to feel safer.. Capoira: head. elbows Karate: hand16st.. Sports UnitS . Each pair takes a different answer these questions. fect. muscles b Match the numbered parts orthe body with the words in the list. If you can't run away: 1 shout for help as loudly as you can. 1 What is the topic? allacks on women on the street at night. at cash machines.. c Show your leaflet to your group .. Sometimes it's scary walking home@night. If you think someone is going to attack you' 1 start running. then repeat the lext 2 make sure you know enough of the language to ask for help. abdomen armpit elbow fool head hip shoulders toes wrist [jJ 0 [l [) !]j ~ Iill [j) ankle sh in fingers hand heel knee th igh waist ffi III III IJ[J IE) ~ 6 Writing skills a Read the extract below . Z Who is the program mainly aimed at? women ~ b Listen aga in. Then decide on the headings for your leafl et and put a. tat makes a lot of noise. but J need to save money. 1 Divide into pairs. cell phones.. on public transportation. 2 kick your attacker in the shin .. money. jewelry. in parks.. hips. if any.g. 2 Think about attacks that may happen to visitors and the pur pose of the attack. In groups of six... 3 Decide what information.. a window or anything 3 carry a whistle and blow it hard so people can hear it and come to your rescue. hand .. Does the police expert agree with these ways of protecti ng yourseJf? 1 Taking up a martial art 2 Keeping to well-lit areas at night 3 Carrying a weapon 4 Running away from an attacker ~ c Listen and make a note of all the advice that the police expert gives... . Check each other's content and language.. you will use fro m the radio program and add information relevant to a local context. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with fa! a Read what this woman says about why she took up karate. and I do. so I took up karate@fcel stronger. Say the text to yourself and circle the words that become weak (unstressed). ' 2 'tlttract attention by breaking a bottle. cameras. 4 Write a list of practical tips for your situation. a Go through the Iwo texts in Exercise 1 and find six parts of the body. Karate may not really make me safer.ll the information together. The first two are circled for you. . Example situations: on the street.-3 Vocabulary: parts of the body \. 5 Listening skills ~ a Listen 10 a phone-in program on the rad io and b Now write a leaflet advisi ng visi tors on security in your city. You don't have to walk at night hereyou can take a cab. e. or from others in your city. ~ b Listen and check your answers.but make sure you hit the bony part. Do you agree with the advice? situat ion from the ones below. fo llow these steps. Compare your notes with a partner..

MuhammadAli is probably the most famous sports figure on earth.. however.AIi. Ali's decision to start boxing despite her father's struggle with the symptoms 0 '. he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 "-seconds. Laila realizes that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see if she still wants to go forwar" with it. Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of debate and criticism. Unfortunately. laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent. That. She knows she's going to get hit hard at times. Since then. Of course.The ring announcer introduced him as the "The Greatest" and ar he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted "AIi. Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to watch his daughter fight." said one referee about her.."~ knows about moving well. The diagnosis of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism of the sport. seemed to "-broadcast her father's support. t~. She prefers to make hr own name. the daughter of Muhammad Ali.AIi . made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to take up the sport. discuss these questions about the pictures o n this page. that she may get a broken~ nose or a swollen face . all right. plus his outspoken opposition to women's boxing. Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not "spared her the details of what can happen.". GLOSSARY feisty having a strong character swollen larger and rounder tha n usual spectade an impressive show (sometimes used to show disapproval of something ridiculous) . '-- 1 Are you surprised at seeing wom en doing these sports? 2 Which one is the most surprising/shocking? Why? 3 Can you think of any sports that are more associated with women than men? What might be the reaso n? b Read the article about Laila Ali. Which of the phrases below refer to Laila and which to Muhammad? Why is each one im portant in the context of the article? 1 the most fam ous sports fig ure on earth Muhammad 2 feisty and determined Laila 3 Parkinson 's disease Muhammad 4 the greatest Muhammad 5 a magne t for worldwide media a ttention Laila Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the fight as her father's fights once attracted.Not for girls? Sport or spectacle? 1 Reading skills a In groups. ButLaila is a feisty and determined individual and it is that as much as her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention. "She knows what she's doing. His presence at laila's first professional fight. "arrival on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle." "-laila Ali would rather not compare herself to her father. but at least she is prepared for it. You can see some of her dad's moves.

Mia Hamm.Objectives Grammar Topic: women and sports Reading on Internet article verb + verb constructions (to + infinitive / -ing verb! Ustening an informal conversation Speaking a role-play Write the names of two or three famous sporlswomen on the board. Answers: Sports associated with women : ice-skating. Ask Whol sports do Ihese women ploy'! Whol qualifies and strengths do they have? What other female sports stars do you know? Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Ask students to work in groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l a . ask students to read the article and match phrases to the people.but choose women well-known to your studentsl. In Exercise lb. gymnastics.S . Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. Afterwards. find out the degree to which your students agree or disagree with each other. field hockey. to fight/to box a fight / a boxing match boxing ring'" place where boxers fight 01ringside". synchronized swimmingprobably because the sports are gracefu l and balletic. Volleyball. Serena Williams. In the U. Gabriela Sabatini . and tennis are often associated with women . women's' soccer is very popu lar.possibly because these are sports that most girls play at school.. You may wish to check that students understand these words connected with boxing. next 10 the boxing ring lake up boxing"" start doing the sport of boxing knock out on opponent ::= make him/her unconscious Vocabulary work Sports T 84 Unit8 . (For example.

Girl No . and complete the table. irs just that we think you should be studying for your exams. Father [from another room) Motorcycling? Mother Motorcycling? Girl Yeah. After students have comploted tho sentences in Exercise 2c.. Encourage students to read tho Useful Language box as they prepare their arguments. Quick grammar guide: verb+verb Students simply need to memorize whether verbs ore followed by to + verb. I don'l en. Mother And why didn't you tell us? Why did you hide it from us? Girl Well. building up a list for and against. I'd prefer you to take up dancing or something like thaI. Mother Wait a minute. Common problems ond errors Translating from the students' first language and overusing 10 + verb My parents don'llel me ~ oul/ole. ask students to read the statements carefully before researching the article to find phrases in the texl that support their answers. ~ ~ Play the audio for Exercise 3b.. Mother And what do you think you're doing? Girl Nothing. isn't it? I didn't wont to tell you be<:ause you would have stopped me from doing it. also point out the Languago Note that discusses start. Mother Now. Once students have read their role card for Exercise 4b. Irs my 18th birthday soon. Motorcycling? Racing? How long hos this been going on? Girl I started motorcycling . thers why. Elicit ideas from the class and write ospecially good ones on the board. let lhem check their answers in pairs. Answers: For: iI's exciting Against: she should be studying for her exams. Father And isn't It expensive? t mean. and thars what I wont to talk to you obout. Prepositions ore always followed by -ing. Mother Well. I think we need a serious conversafion oboul all this . and I've been racing a few limes.. on his bike . Father Thafs not true.. soy "nowhere: Girl Okay. I'm going motorcycling.. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. -~~-----------------------------------------------------. have a brief class debate about boxing or any other sport in which women's participation is currently controversial . then give students three or four minutes to complete Ule rest of the text. 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructions Exercise 2a can be done in pairs. actually t wonted to talk to you about that. trs excrting. . I'm in a race tonight. it's expensive 4 Speaking skills Allow four or five minutes for studonts to do Exercise 4a. Father But you don't even have a motorcycle.. it 's dangerous. nothing? Where are you going? And don'. Ask students to research the text. Play the audio again. then.. seemed to broadcast her fath er's support" "Lalla has won most of her fights .. thars obvious. give them a few minutes to prepare what they are going to say.oy ~so hard. and I'd reolry like . elicit the answer to the first question from the class to get them started. Unit 8 T 85 Sports . or the -ing verb. rd rather spend my free fime motorcycling. Girl I'm always studying. you con" use Joke's bike forever. Let them compare their answers with a partner. I'm using Joke's but he . " "the diagnosis of . find examples. darling.". the simple verb. Parkinson's disease fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing" "hor fa mily history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle" "Muhammad Ali wanted to watch bis daughter fight " Following Exercise ld.about six months ago. Mother But isn't It dangerous? trs just tholt'm worried. Mother What do you mean.with Joke.. Answers: "his presence at Laila's first professional fi ght . [n Exercise 2b. motorcycling.. Gift Exactly. Ask students to listen and check their answers. Pause the recording to give students time to note the arguments. . I'm the best student in my class.in Exercise l c. Right now. If you think we're going to buy you a matorcyde for your birthday . 3 Listening skills in Exercise 3a. hong on. and discuss the sentences. Girl I can already dance.

3 When you nave reached a compromise and you know how you are going USEFUL LANGUAGE to resolve the situation. . Emma would rather 6 spend her free time 7 motorcycling and she wants 8 to talk to her parents about 9 buying her a motorcycle for her 18th birthday. Try not to get angry. using some of the Useful Language phrases. b In groups of three. Choose your role and read it on page 1413. 3 I started learning (learn) English when I was five years old. 2 I'd rather take part (take part) in sports than watch (watch) them. d In pairs. 1 I'm interested in watching (watch) boxing on TV. then /'11 . Who I'd be really happy if you'd found the best solution? I see what you mean. d Look at the last sentence in the article." a In pairs. suggesl Verb phrases like I'd rather.. 4 Laila has a good relationship with her father. They think that she should 4 study for her exams. Emma started 1 going motorcycling about six months ago. Then follow these steps: 1 Tell the others how you feel about the situation . you'd betler Modal verbs and make/lei Prepositions.. Is boxing a sport. but . about b Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 88./ LANGUAGE NOTE Slart can be followed by either an -ing verb or to + verh. or something else? Can you think of other sports that provoke a similar debate? 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructi ons a Look at the categories on t.c Read the article again. to + verb Simple verb ./ . discuss the sentences. 2 Laila Airs boxing career is successful. If you agree to X.. She didn't want 2 to tell her parents because they would have stopped her from 3 doing it . by. a spectacle. Are they true for you? If not. Check ( ~ ) the correct column in the table to show what follows them. and her mother would prefer her 5 to take up dancing.. Find evidence to support these statements.ing verb . 4 My parents wanted me to follow (follow) in their footsteps and do the same kind of work as them. from. I'd like you to . Try to fill in the blanks. decide./ . You will need to negotiate. Make a note of the arguments that Emma and her parents raise for and against her hobby. stop talking. 1 Muhammad Ali accepts his daughter's decision to become a boxer.he left of the table and find examples of these in the article. 3 There is a lot of controversy about both boxing itself and about women boxing. 6 I'm afraid of being (be) without work. 2 Discuss the situation and try to reach a compromise. '- 3 Listening skills a Look at the picture then read this summary of a conversation between Emma and her parents. prefer Verbs like slarl. Listen to the conversation and check your answers. Category Verbs like IVan I. e. 5 I would prefer to live (live) on my own than in an apartment with others. Listen again. c Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses.g. 4 Speaking skills '- _. you are going to role play the conversation between Emma and her parents./ ./ . c Tell the other groups in the class about your solution to the problem. Sports Unit8 . try to think of other arguments for and against a girl of 17 motorcycling. change them so that they are.

. despitE:. 5 The Olympics should be abo ut athletes compoting witil each other. " "ClaSs athlete Unit 8 Sports . discuss the Olympic Games. The games should have nothing to do with politics.:::.. too. Sadly.) I believe there's nothing wrong with the Olympics as they are run today... we should leave it alone. with wars and aggression all around.. something works.':'--~"_ We are applying to host the games next time so that we can boost our economy and provide more jobs for our citizens. First ..... 8 The Olympics should be abandoned these days as they attract terrorists.. 'Gl.. excitement is the main '\ purpose of the 1.. "'". it is about competition and ~ making a living. Although there are problems.. the games had nothing to do with big business or with entertainment for its' \ own sake. 2 Task You ore going to debate the role of the Olympics (today and in the future). I believe countries at war shOuld be banned from competing.. Share your views with your group.they must be given back to Greece where they "" ' ~ began" . ' ideals of bringing peace and friendship.. Nevertheless. or at least we should insist on a ceasefire...1 Wa rm up a In groups. 3 The Olympics shouldn't only be held in rich countries. "' The world is in Crisis. " (l) \ . Breaking world records is important.. we athletes . the spirit of t(e ~ games is dead . We could be given an opportunity to imprOYe all kinds of services. but providing .. The Games are a symbol of international cooperation and we have tl"" work with all nations to make them work. I think the Olympics are an opportunity to prove ourselves on the world stage and to become better known.. our feelings towards countries we perceive as aggressors. 1 Keeping politics out of the Olympic Games is essential.. is fairest.. (They may hold more than one of the views. 2 Countries at war should stop fighting during the Olympic Games. they should be a good show.. we should be given a chance to develop. 1 When were the last Olympic Games? Whero were they held? 2 What do lhe imagos on these pages tell you about the Olympic Games? 3 What arc tho main objectives of the Olympics? Are they usually achieved? b Read these statements about the Olympics and decide whether you agree with them or not. 9 Bringing nations together in friendship should be the only aim of the Olympics.. read the following quotes and decide which of the views in Exercise lb each speaker holds. were justly proud of our physical and mental fitness... Q As an athlete... the Games are a media event: they are all about entertainment.. However. the games exist to encourage the highest standards both on and off the field.. with countries taking turns organizing the Olympics. The Games should be spectacular . 6 There is too much commercialism in the Olympics these days. 4 Tho current system.... As a small country..and the system of having the Olympics in a different country every four years is good because it increases interest. In the old days.." games" eommitte e . 7 The Olympics should be all about entertainment. In spite of the ~ . they are beyond the responsibility of the Olympic committee. ''V ioum<llist G _--------:-:----'-~ ~~. ~bA..~ medal viIOrd"'~: : In my opinion."7..

Answers: A 2. Afterwards. Block Power solutes by American athletes at Ihe 1968 Mexico City Olympics protesting segregation.Objectives Grammar Topic: the Olympics Reading quotes Ustening Specking linkers expressing contrast and -ing verbs a committee discussion debating the role of the Olympics Write The Olympics on the boord. for example: Introduce the topic Do you enjoy watching the Olympics? Which events do you walch and why? Is it important to you when somebody from your country wins a medal? Why? 1 War m up Divide students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions and statements in Exercises 1a and lb. II is his or her job 1 make sure thai everyone in Ihe group speaks and that no one speaks about one topic for 100 tong. Ihe murder of 11 Israeli othletes by Palestinian terrorists ot the 1972 Munich Olympics.7 E 4.7 Co F5 G9 Sports T 86 Unit 8 . The images on pages 86 and 87 show the Olympic flame. elicit from one person per group a summary of the main points they discussed. 4 81 . branding and advertising. Culture note Nominate a group leader to ask the questions and rea d the statements aloud for others 10 discuss. Beijing is hosl of the 2008 Olympics and the 2012 Olympics will be held in london. Ask students a few personalized questions to gellhem started. say four minutes. 0 Organizing group discussions 2 Task Let students work in pairs to match quotes and views. Give a short time limit. 4 D 3.

and decide which role they wish to play. RepresentotiwI Okay. lers have a view from someone who isn'l an athlete. bulleted note form. so lers start. !hars .it increases their public prolile and competing for your country can make you inlo a national hero.so I think we should be paid to compete . be held. Then give them a minute or two to decide which statement they wish to discuss. thank you all for coming. . But my main point is thaI the Gomes ore all about competing. On the poster. That would also mean that athletes who don't make a lot of money would be able to come. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Tell students to list at least five arguments they wish to make. we have to train harder and harder and so many of us are getting injured.it was all about showing the high physicol and mental standards that human oongs could reach. Ask that student to summarize their group's ideas for the class at the end. Tell groups to decide on the wording of their proposal. someone less directly involved.1 acIMty 6 Notice Read through the example and rules as a class. you could play the same audio a third time.just a sum 10 take pari. I think there should be a reasonable financial reward for athletes and the work they do. tn terms of the competitors. Remind them that they have to agree on a proposal. Tell students that they have five minutes to discuss. I think 01 the same time thatlhere is lar too much commercialization and focus on money. elicit comments from the rest of the class . Let students check in pairs before discussing their notes as a class. We hove severol items on the agenda. my job is to make sure we maintain the highest standards both in athlefics and in the way the Olympics are run. and tell them to decide on who is going to read it aloud to the class . Yes.not to win . Put lhe posters on the classroom walls. thanks.to help bring peace among nations. J7~----------------------------------------------------RepresenkrIiv9 of International Olympic Committee Well. allhough I do agree with Sylvina thai we athletes are overworked and underpaid.3 Prepare Divide students into groups. pausing as needed . Ilhink we'd lose pari of thaI. providing entertainment. I'd like an athlete to comment first on this. irs gelling tougher for us all the time. and five reasons why their city should get the Games. we'd obviously have to 1001: Of how we could raise the money to do that. Nominate one student in each group to write down arguments why. After five minutes. We are in danger of losing sight of the main aim of the Olympics .time when we're not earning any money . lers just lake a show of honds_ Con you raise your hands if you think that athletes should be paid? Thank you. Make sure that each student in the group chooses a different role. it was very different . Rrst. These reasons may be in shari. Adriano? Retired athlete Well. as a representalive of the International Olympics Committee. In groups. Yes? Journalist Okay. if athleles were paid. Sylvina? Athlete Well. We're here to discuss Ihe future of the Olympics and to suggest some practical solutions for improving ~. we're concerned that some of Ihe highest-quality athleles have decided not to attend recently. it does benefit them . When I won my gold medal thirty years ago. After each. l leel rt would be a step in the wrong direction to pay the athletes. ii ii Additlon. and so on. should be given 7 Follow up Divide the class into the same groups as in exerc ise 3. Thanks for Ihot. T T1I 0 0 • •• • 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to stand up and deliver their group's proposal. The Olympics means a lot of time out 01 our schedules . Answers: lb shouldn'!. osk students to design a poster to promote on Olympic bid from their city.. lfyaur students have problems hearing the expressions. Give students four or five minutes to discuss the statement.. then ask students to find other examples from the lesson. Even Ihough athletes give up a lot 01 time to compete in the Olympics. Unit 8 T 87 Sports . must be given. could be given. As athletes. pushing yourself. write a slogan. Ask students to listen and say who is speaking. stop the discussion. I tend to agree with Adriana. Play the audio again. Before we move on to the next topic. as Sylvino suggests. should be abandoned Z should be banned. RepresentotiwI Right. Ticket prices are already really high. they have to design a logo. Representative Thanks very much for your view.Give each group a large sheet of poper to design their poster on. I think if we introduced payment to take pari.

1 Tho Games sho uld be restricted to countries that are democracies. 2 10 avoid accepting responsibility for everything we say. [Read the statemen t you cbose. etc.. We have discussed the statement . Then share your ideas with the class. First.]. . and wilh good human rights records. Use tho (Iuot es and tho statements in Exercises 1 and 2 for ideas. 2 How doos he soloct the speakers? I'd li ke an athlete 10 comment 6 rsl on this. and 5 Compare @ a Listen to a committee discussing one of the statements in Exercise 3. B. LeI's have a view from someone who . When we are debating or having a discussion. Find other exa mples of tho modal passive in lhis lesson in Exercise lb Il nd Exorcise 2. Form a proposa l about the statement . etc.3 Prepare In groups of four or five. Start like this: Ladies and gelltlemen. Spons UnitS .c to have a shorl debate. Liston to tho other groups and make notes. 1 How does tho chairperso n introd uce the topic for discussion'! We're here to discuss .. Did most of the groups agree or disagree? Our COlllltry should be chosen 10 hosltlle Olympics in the near futuro. decide whether you agree or disagree with the statemen t below. 2 The Olympics should always be held in the wealthiest countries as poorer cou ntries find it very difficult to raise the money to host them... peaceful.. C. 00 you agree with thei r proposals? Why? I Why not? Itllink we should be paid to compete. c Discuss tho issuo with the olher members of lhe commillec. b Make notes on the arguments you will present to the other memhors of the committee. no merchandising. F ~ b Listen aga in and mako notes on the following. then follow the steps a . we lIove come to the fol/oll'ing conclusions.4 below about the future of the Olympics. choose one orthe statements 1 . .. s How does the chairperson ask for opinions at the end? let's just ta ke a s how of ha nds.. Let the wealthy countries pay for the Games! 3 Athletes should he paid to enter the Games.no adverti sing. Which one? Which oflhe speakers from tho quotes in Exercise 2 do you hear? A. 7 Follow up In groups. after some cOll sidcmtion." 6 Notice Look at this example from the debate: 4 Feedback Report back to tho rest of tho class on you r proposa ls. . 4 There should be no commercialism associated with tho Games . 4 How do they fi nish their speech in each case? I think there should be . / 1 feel it would be . 3 when we don't know who takes responsibility for an Ilction. then all the best ath lot es would enter.. a Form a commilloo 10 discuss the statement: each student chooses II different role from Exorcise 2: athlete. TV producer." 3 How do the second and th ird speakers start their speeches'! Well . we often usc the passive voice with a modal verb: 1 to avoid making tho dobato too personal.

including most verbs of liking: Jason suggested joining the sports club in the center. 2 Expressing purpose We can express purpose with connectors that are followed by an infinitive or by a subordinate clause. to in order 10 The government has increased wages in Ofder to gain popularity before Vocabulary Summary 1 Sports: track and field so as to sa (Ihal) the election. I'm calling you now so (that) you don'. 7 Making myself better: I should . -ing verb This form follows prepositions: You can team a lOt from looking at people's garbage. We often use them in this position when we want 10 emphasize them. and preposiHons can also be followed by verbs. She confessed her crime so as to get a lighter sentence. if any. 2 A big decision: When I decided . do the lOng·jump do the high jump sprint dive lift weights throw the javelin The connectors in order to and so as to are more formal lhan to + infinitive or so that + clause. waist heel hip knee shin shoulders \ fingers ~ wrist I liugh ankle Unil8 5po<ts . 5 Going out: I enjoy. 1 Do you play / Have you ever played any of these sports? 2 If not.ide armpit elbow fingers foot hand head "hand abdome. sboul elbow We prefer to watch movies at the movie theater. We reaJ/y can't rtgure out why Susanna left Michael. 1 Work I want . Use a verb form in each one. ---waist wrist """""'" ". 4 A big change: When I started . which would you like to try and why? 3 Which of the above sports. Where Philip goes every evening remains a mystery to me. bead I want to spend our vacation in Florida this year. What we need is more government support for our enterprises. Connector Followed by infinitive Example We went out for dnner to celebrate Mary's birthday.oy going under the water when I'm swimming.. do you find boring. and make and let: We should pay our phone bill as soon as poSsible. verb This form lolows a number of verbs. It's amazing how clever she is.Grammar Summary 1 Noun clauses (beginning with a question word) A noun clause can be the oOject of a sentence: I don't know what he is doing. How you live your fife is none of my business. It also folows a number of verbs.m Sport swimming the long jump the high jump sprinting diving weightlifting the javelin p"""". I don't en. often verbs thaI involve wants and desires: 2 Parts of the body Labet the parts Of the body using the words in the box. and why? to. We can also use verb • to after some verbs of liking: Karl likes to go dancing on Friday evenings.. 3 Hobbies / Free time: I'm interested in . I'd rather watch auto racing on 7V than go to the track. I've started to learn I learning Japanese. Simple verb This form follows !T"IOdal verbs. 6 My pet peeve: I hate. swimmer long jumper high jumper sprinter CIa"se I got up early so (thai) I wouldn't miss the plane. Some verbs can be followed by either the -ing verb or vert) + to: Gary hates to meet I meeting new people. These verbs take a number of forms: dNe< wejghtlifter javelin thrower Answer these questions. They made me clean the whole hOuse every day. It also follows the phrase I'd rather (without an object). Compare your sentences with a partner. forget the party. Ve'" "". The noun clause can also be a subject and come at the beginning of the sentence. II is possible to make so as to negative by putting not before to: The po/ice put the witness in a safe hOuse so as not to expose him to danger. 3 Verb + verb constructions Many verbs in English can be followed by other verbs. Complete these sentence stems about yourself.

compare the language you have underlined. baseball is regularly shown on TV. exchange your work with your partner. 3 Writing a brief report a In small groups. I thought "8Jack Isn '/ right! We don't say that' So J chOCked it out in the dictionary. b In pairs. You are going to write a report foc a Web site about sports in your country.S. WIth number 1 as the most popular. Before you start. collocations. Fans are attracted from all walks of life and as is the case with both baseball and football. decide how to order the information and write a draft of the two most popular sports. For those who cannot make it to their team's stadium. Can you find any patterns in the order of these topics in the reports? c Read the reports again and unde!1ine any words or phrases that may help you write your report on sports in your country. and where they are watched. PlAN [> Your action plan: writing a short report Write a short report. Sports UnilS . tickets.J. Many people follow their favorite NBA team by watching their games on TV.) country? 2 Which people like these sports? learned about them.. Tickets to baseball games tend to be much cheaper and easier to get than those for football and basketball games. fans are predominantly men although so me women are also passionate about the sport. spelling.. L.? Put these sports in order. and in English you do say "8 black eye". 1 Which are the mast popular sports in your rn REVIEW Review your action plan: using your dictionary In pairs. I came across "to give someone a black eye" when J was reading. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy. Baseball is the second most popular sport in the USA and as is the case with football. Q( phrasal verbs you looked up in your dictionary and 'Nhat information you 3: ~ ::. and grarrvnar correct? e Make final corrections to your reports and then read them to each other in small groups. too. Unlike football. d When you have finished. So popular in fact. the majority of fans are men. Try to help your partner by making suggestiofls to improve the writing.(!) Z I Q: A short report 1 Thinking about the topic of your report a Work in small groups. Nevertheless. However. discuss lhese questions. idioms. Fans usually tend to be male.S. it is often difficult to get tickets for National Football l eague (NFL) games as they are generally sold out before the season begi ns. Nole: you win need to Show your fv"laI written report to your classmates at the end of \JrIit 9. brainstorm and make notes on the three most popular team sports in your country. Due to its popUlarity. they watch live or recorded games in a local bar or at a friend's house.J L. talk about your action plan for Unit 7. Teams in Major league Baseba ll (M l B) play 81 games in an average season. Games are usually played on Sunday afternoons and if spectators don't go to the game at the stadium. Are the reports good enough to go up on a Web site? There is no doubt that football is the most popular sport in the United States. Comment on these areas. when the games are played. that National Basketball Association (NBA) games in many cities are sold out in advance. The report is The most popular team sports in my country. games take place on weekday evenings or afternoons between earl y spring and late fall. c Take one sport each and write a short report about It.J Basketball Football Baseball 2 Analyzing three short reports a Read the three brief reports and check your answers to Exercise 1b. Use the key 9 o > ideas in Exercise 2 to help you.J. is the language oorrectly used? For example. so it may be difficult to get tickets. Interesting! Q. the sport is also very popular with women. d tn pairs. are the punctuatiofl.S. ~ 3 When are the games played? 4 VVIlefe do people watch the games? b D::> you know the most popular team sports in the U. b The reports all deal with the same topics: fans. You can eithef use your notes to write about the third most popular sport in your country or you can write about anothef team sport in your country. there are ten Women's National Basketball Association teams (WNBA) in the U. popularity. The basketball season is much shorter than baseball's with NBA teams playing 41 games in a normal season. Tell yout: partner which words. Basketball games are also extremely popular in the U.

. and diet products? Is this average for your country? 4 Do you pay attention to the images of beauty presonted in the media? Brain and beauty . US. 2 Listening skills a You are going to listen to part of a presentation about the media and personal image.~ 1M mu.. Ik-nl< tky hme ~ f"ck " 1 . I:xttwrt Q)1. did pmiud.o!/urns.dut:wo men who have perfect skin and beautifuJ Dowing hair. who are Ian.ded wr. try to complete the presenter's notes using the numbers in the box. 'Pu.s ~'if' Mis.fMds 10 heaDh p.000 . cosmetics..)f people m.s .I:h I !L1ill9 '"It"OmE?1-. (are) ovcnvcighl • 6 'M Uton. 7 $2. ~ " 8 'll.!!2..JA~ Ji'omen. ef! anorexIa Suney ct!n."""". " Z JIlL ~ ~ when. In pairs.easun. ?>U>n. Which of tho images of beauty on this page do you find tho mostllcasl beautiful? In pairs..on. giving reasons for your choice. what are the main reasons for this? 3 How much do YOlL spend on clothes. c!Mes " accessme. discuss these questions. Ie 5a<d. fey -aomen's ~ when Ye(J1iJ:nfj?n0fJ5' the way women are pNl!lcnted as perfecl in these magazines ~ cf kauI:y m 'I?Ie.1 Speaking skills ~ b Now listen and chock your answers. >Wi . and who are very slim I 5 15 15 44 80 50 90 8.5lL ~ pp.Ypo$ cf .!l. 1 Do children and adults have ··weight problems" in your count ry? 2 If so.dJA. to analyze the effects of women's media on tho health of the fema le population f<. did " :J li ~ ~.. ~ ~ hme IR= on. Mgs! d In pairs.5 """9' " 3 . Uton..>UY>ey... ~ c Li ston again and complete the rest orthe noles.. compare your ideas .on..

Afterwards. Dr Cameron Thank you. Our first. who is presenting the findings of her recent research into the link between the media and women's health in the United States. Of course. the first ideal women are given in magazines. My team conducted a survey over two years. Ask Do you think the media help women have a positive image of themselves? Do you think women spend a little or a Jot? Ask students to guess the answers in pairs. 01. The reason for this is the way women are presented as perfect in these magazines. Ask Which of these things are important to you? How much lime and money do you spend on these things? Do you think we worry about how we look 1 much? 00 Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to briefly discuss the pictures in pairs.we'll look at perfection in other spheres of life later in the presentation . which. Ask students to listen and complete the notes. Now. can lead to terrible health problems: by the time they reach adolescence. about 50% of all adults in the United States believe that they have a weight problem. it has to be said that many people in the U. Of course.women who have perfect skin and beautiful flowing hair. age. Afterwards. which is still a lot less than they spend on Irying to get thin. Play the audio for Exercise l b. covering a sample of eight thousand women. and perhaps most dramatic. cosmetics.eolog Diego Institute of Health. spend on diet products each year . Then ask a few questions to fOCllS students on the task. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise ld . in the movies. For Exercise l e . the next aspect we looked at was .." 0" 'p""" Ihl' ".in the region of 515 billion. We wonted to analyze the effects of women's media on the health of the female population. and fashion are to our ideals of "beauty. I.S. and who are very slim. is that of physical beauty .55 billion.Objectives T opic: images of beauty and health Vocabulary Reading a radio presenter's Grammar non-defining relative clauses your image and health Usfening a presentation notes Speoking discussing beauty and how it is maintained '--.a staggering $44 billion. 15% of children suffer from anorexia. which the average woman connot hope to imitate. and much of that stems from comparison with media images. hairstyles. Dr. This points to a severe dissatisfaction with their image. " •• 2 Listeni ng skills Read through the notes in Exercise 2a as a class.. Ask students to listen and check their answers. finding was that a huge proportion of women . beauty treatments.) Write on the board: fashionable clothes. Compare that with the amount women spend on cosmetics . which explains the amount thaI women in the U. They do spend more on clothes and accessories . on TV. keeping fit. This constan t comparison of oneself with on unattainable image can lead to obsession.tend to feel depressed when they read women's magazines. Cam. who are ton. or their parents see them as too fat . "eo.o "0m Ih' Sao Brain and beauty T 90 Unit 9 . play the audio again.90% . in the cose of teenage girls in particular. In fact. ~ ~ ~ H.S. are overweight The problem of weight and image is not confined to adults . elicit from the class how important culture. Cameron.and as many as 80% go on a diet at some time during their childhood. Let students check their answers in pairs.many children see themselves as too fat. find out how many students are very concerned about image.

In Exercise 4b. depression indigestion obesity anemia anorexia boldness fatigue ocne eczema Ask students to do Exercise 3b in pairs.aning Afterwords. They usually begin with the relative pronoun. Cameron is a researcher wAAA has corried oul a survey. Brain and beauty . Ask students to discuss their finding in pairs and then report them to the class. You could do exercise Sb as a doss survey. Answers will vary. and decide which ones arc not related to beauty. Divide students into groups of four or fivc to discuss the questions in Exercise 3e. which. •• 4 Grammar: re lative clauses Have students road the examples in Exercise 4a and discuss the questions in pairs. and then olicit the vocabulary from tho class. check their meanings in the Vocabulary Summary on page 98. For example: Which of lhese products do you use? How ohen do you use them? How much do you spend on /his product each month? Ask students to walk round the closs and interview as many people as possible in. 5 Speaking ski lls Ask students to look at the pictures. Then elicit answers from tho whole class. eight minutes. Ask studenls 10 complete Exercise 4d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. who. Quick 9' Oi III"nOI" guide Relative douses lalso called adjective douses) give more information about a noun in the main clause. use check. syllable stress and proounciolioo. Common probkNns ond errors Repeating the subject pronoun after the word who or which: Young women are people who IRey may become anorexic. and check their answers in the Grammar Summary on page 98. or that. Suggested answers: 1 perfume 2 hair dye 3 razor/shaving foam 4 5 6 7 8 aftershave fake Ian bair conditioner make-upllipstick tattoo --Unit 9 T 91 Pair up students to discuss the questions. questions to see how well students hove understood the new vocabulary. Confusion between who and which in relative douses: Dr.. and 10 check. answer the questions. Checking .•• 3 Vocabulary: your image and health In Exercise 3a. pair up students to read tho problems. ask students to work in pairs to compare the sentences. Ask students in pairs to think of fIVe or six questions to ask about the products. and ask students to repeat. say. For example: Which word means you ore 100 fof? Which word means you hove no hair? Which word describes spots on your face? Cheddng pronundaIion Read these words out aloud.

Anorexia. can help with some disorders. which c Where does the comma come in the sentence? comma comes before the pronoun 5 4~ b Discuss your ideas in class. which appear on the skin of both males and females . Why don't they/you try .. shouldn't read these magazines. The table lists some possible health problems. 1 b Complete the table with these adjectives and noun phrases.. 1 Which of the problems do people in your 2 3 4 5 6 country worry about most? Z Do you know anyone who suffers from any of these problems? 3 What can people do about them? Use the Useful Language to think of some advice. A hangover is a feeling whicht"~3tl get the day after you drank too mllch alcohol.s ef eles]'>IIH lack of iron in your body loss of energy loss of hair nauseated a skin disorder tired (all the time) c In groups. Elena Cameron from the San Diego Institute of Health. are part of the problem. ? It might be an idea to . which often affects young girls. Arc any of these problems not related to b~auty or image? Problem depression obesity a norexia ba. 1 2 tired (aUthe time) loss of energy a skin disorder acid in the stomach lack of iron in your body 3 Which one in each pair contains a nondefining relative clause? la . makes you want to stop eatin!\. which promote the perfect image. Nutritionists. discuss these questions. acid in the stomach anorexic dopressed an eating disorde r bald overweight pimply eating for the wTOllg reasons faint/dizzy fedint. which fall onto dothing around the shoulders. . Freckles. answer the questions. are small brown spots. who is presenting the findings of her recent research Z They do spend more on clothes and accessories . 2a Which sentence in each pair describes a particular group ofgirls/magazines? lb. d Add commas where necessary to the fo llowing definitions. products/changes make people more attractive? 2 Are they effective'! Which are most effective? 3 Do you use/do any? Which olle(s)? 3 4 Grammar: relati ve clauses a Read the examp les from the presentation and answer the questions. The freckles which~~h get on your face are usually com pletely harmless. 1 What does each picture show? How do the USEFUL LANGUAGE They/You could / should / ought 10 . Change the relative pronoun to that where possible. la Young girls. l Our speaker this evening is Dr. Dandruff is flakes of dry skin in your hair. . . w ho are experts in food and eaLing problems.ldness fatigue You are/fe el depressed overweight anorexic ba ld Yo u suffer from feelings of despair eating for the wrong reasons an eating disorder loss of hair b Compare these two pairs of sentences. 5 Speaking skills a The pictures show ways in which people try to make themselves more attractive. zb Women's magaZines that promote the perfect image are part of the problem. Is there anything in the pictures that no one would do/use? Brain and beoufy Unil9 . Za Women's magazines.in Ule region of $15 billion. which is slill a lot less than they spend on trying to get thin.3 Vocabulary: your image and health a An obsession with beauty is often a risk to one's health. lb Young girls who feel unhappy with their image shouldn't read these magazines. In pairs. 2b Which describes all girls/magazines? la. a The sections in italic are non-defining relative clauses.. Do the sentences make sense if we remove these parts? yes b Which relative pronouns are used in the examples? who. who often feel unhappy with their image. 2a Can we replace the relative pronoun with thol in defining or non-defining relatives? definin g acne/eczem a pimply indigestion a nemia nausea ted faint/dizzy c Check your answers with the Crammar Summary on page 98.

) 1 Which test did you find easiest I most difficult? 2 What do you think each puzzle is testing? 3 Do you think that the puzzles are more difficult for you than for a native speaker of English? What does this tell you about LQ. those of logical. Clearly. In fact. The main uses of 1. In recent years.Q. tests were being used to support theories that some races were genetically more or less intelligent than others. other types of intelligence. such as musical or artistic talent. which is appropriate as this was the use for which it was originally devised. shape. testing today are probably in recruitment of employees and in school testing. the first two are highly dependent on the language of the person taking the test: non-native speakers are likely to score lower in linguistic tests than native speakers. and the way it understands things spatial related to the size.1. hand d fingers 2 Find the picture below that fits best in the empty square. tests are considered quite limited in the type of intelligence they measure and they are not generally used so much. 115. This accepts the traditional ideas of intelligence. tests? 4 Have you ever taken an LQ. How quickly can you figure out the answer? A man lives on the' Oth f~oor of an apartment building .0. religion.e. he gets into the elevator on the lOth floor and goes down to the 1st floor. and position of things discriminate (against) treat someone unfairly because of race. while the second two types can be completed by anyone. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence has received a lot of interest. 1 Speaking skills a An "LQ. a b Most people have heard of intelligence quotient tests (I. 1 1 1 1 1 c 3 Which are the next two numbers in this sequence: 120. empathize (wi lli) understand how someone else feels Unh9 Brain and beauty . Take the mini test below.0. 90 4 Read the puzzle. l. tests usually have different sections to measure different abilities. (The answers are on page 149. On hiS way to work in the morning. by the seco nd half of the 20th century. l. regardless of their level of intelligence. and the tests were discred ited. 9S € 05. numerical ability. test? When? For what reason? GLOSSARY cognitive related to the brain. However. Why? • • 1 1 1 Today. a toes b head . which brought accusations of racism. 110 . 1. 110. tests have had a long and varied history. linguistic. When he comes home from 5 k he gets into the elevator and goe :O~d the 6th floor then he gets ou~ and :alkS to the 10th floor. 957 a 105.0. 2 Reading skills a Read the article quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1b. tests have also been criticized for being too restrictive and not taking into account other abilities. He devised them to test a person's cognitive abilities. 1." test is a kind of intelligence test consisting of problems or puzzles that you have to solve.Q. The tests were grad ually applied more generally and came to be seen as a way of measuring average intelligence relative to other people in the same age group. i. and spatial awareness. 1 1 1 1 1 The man is very short and can't reach the button (or the 10th Door. ~ . In addition. etc. 105. mainly to identify schoolchild ren who might benefit from extra help. He does thiS every day. and spatial awareness. tests consist of problems assessing an individual's verbal abilities. many people are against such tests because they believe they discriminate against people who learn in different ways from those demanded by the test.0.0. Questions 2 and 3. Most I. Compare your answers to the puzzles and discuss the questions. The first tests were invented by Frenchman Alfred Binet.Q. I. b Work in groups. 1 Shoe is to foot a 'ove to: ( . logical reasoning. Write the kind of puzzles by each one. 100 d 80.Q. but adds to those. lOa. tests) but few people know much about them. such as being able to understand and empathize with other people.

3: numerical ability. T •• &:'l Vocabulary work A 1 invented 2 used 3 help 4 measure 5 limited B 0 benefit . Pul students in groups of four or five to discllss the questions in Exercise lb. 2 Reading skills Draw students' attention to the Glossary.Q. 4: logical reasoning 3 Yes .highly dependent on the language of the person. Limit the time to five minutes.lesls are limited in what they test. an La. Q) Reading Writing topic and supporting sentences Grammar non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers Speaking an Internet article. 2: spatial awareness. and then let students check their answers to questions 2 and 3 with a partner before sharing them with the class. You may wish to check these words by writing them on the boord in two lists and asking students to match them. Ask them to read the text and do the task in Exercise Za. b restrictive assess d devised e applied Answers: l-d. 5-b. tell the class to stop. I. 2-e. test taking and discussing an 1. Brain and beauty T 92 Unit 9 . lest 1 Speaking skills Tell students that they have five minutes to take the mini I.Objectives Topic: intelligence (I. and then let them check their answers on page 149 orlhe Student's Book.Q. 3-0.0. After five minutes. test in Exercise la . There are a number of synonyms in the text. Answers: 2 Puzzle 1 is testing verbal abilities. 4-<.

They are used in recruitment of employees and schoollesting.. Ask students to predict which words they expect to see in a supporting sentence. Let students check their answers in pairs after they have completed the exercise. They wero devised as a way of identifying children who needed extra help in schools. who learn . Go around monitoring. for example . NOll-native speakers are likely to score lower. consider pulling students in smoll groups to do the task. it is usually possible to guess the general content of the whole paragraph. A topic sentence is generally the first sentence of a paragraph. and allow students a few minutes 10 circulate around the room. Set up Exercise 3d by doing the first one as an example: Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners. Clauses a and b comment on the whole sentence. By reading the topic sentence.. which is appropriate (linn 33) defining non-defining defin ing non-defining - Ask students to work in pairs to find answers to the questions in Exercise 3h. Presentation alternative Once students have chosen their topic sentence. They should expect to see some key words repeated. tests to support racist theories its main uses in recruiting and school testing Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 3c with a partner before disclJssing them as a class.Ask students to read the sentences in Exercise 2b carefully and decide whether they are true or fal se. .Q. . . The tests were discredited because they were being used to support racist theories. In Exercise 4d . For example.) Let them check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. if a student chooses 6 There is more pressure on men /0 succeed and make money . LA Topic sentences Let students compare answers in pairs before eliciting some good examples from the class and writing them on the board.. 3 Grammar: non-defining relat ive clauses as sentence modifiers Ask students to do Exercise 38 individuall y and th en check the answers in pairs before going through them wi lh the whole class. (line 26) . (line 11) . Let students check answers with a partner before discussing them as a class .. Or have students post their answers on the wall. taking notes on which topic sentences best fit the supporting sentences. 4 Writ ing skills: topi c senten ces Ask students to match paragraphs and topics in Exercise 43. 4 True. in the first set of sentences.... Cive students five to ten minutes to write their paragraphs. tell them to prepare carefully before writing by brainstorming words or phrases tho! would naturally follow from the topic sentence. Prepare students to do Exerc ise 4b by doing the first as an example. Answers: the use of I. . elicit from the class the reason(s) topic sentences are important. In exercise 4d. encoumging/pressure. and they should expect to see similar words. Answers: 1 False. Ask them to research the text to find reasons for why some sentences are nol true. ask individuals to stand up and read their paragraphs aloud (without the topiC sentences) for students to guess. t . and point out its structure (location of topic and supporting sentences). Afterwards. 3 False. (They give the main idea of the paragraph. appearance/attractive.. (l ine 5) .) Point out the Language Note on page 93. which brought .. (They should then underline the first sentence of each paragraph . 2 False... Give students a minute to read through the sample paragraph in Exercise 4c.. which is the mason why other types of learners do badly. 5 False. Unil 9 T 93 Brain and beauty . who might benefit .... Ask students to choose and write down a topic sentence from exercise 3d. Ihey could brainstorm: successful make money work hard get promo/ion be rich Brainstorming these words should help them with ideas for what they could include in the rest of Ihe paragraph. Answers: . helping with ideas and vocabulary.

3 with the appropriate nondefining clause a-c.Q.Q. 1 The media is full of <.... .. b which was a frightening thought! c which will also test your knowledge of English! d Complete these statements with a non-defining relative clause starting which is the rooson why .e.. the result of a ll th is pres sure can be count erproductive . tests? 2 What is appropriate about I. which suits the more competitive kind of person.. 6 There is more pressure on men to succeed and make money than on women .. tests. sUlllJOrting sentences t:oncJuslon d Read your paragraph aloud to your partner but don't read the topic sentence. or which explains why . attractive. c Read the sample paragraph.. 3 All I. 2 Intelligence depends as much on the environment as on your genes . just for fun. Match three of them with these supporting sentences. c a which was why he couldn't reach the last button. lests are hardly used today. Then compare your answers with a partner.hencA'"m(1:n. beautiful supe rm odels in these seems to im ply that the average woman can look like a su perm o d el if s he buys these prod ucts. T he m edia is full of a d vertisemen ts encouragin g wom e n to s pe n d more o n the ir a p pearance. 1 Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners . It often (but not always) comes at the beginning of the paragraph. tests today Paragraph 2 types of lests Paragraph 3 the histc ry of I.Q.Q.. b Z The man was very short. There is more pressu re on women to be attractive tha n on men. t I. 4 They say tall people do better in li fe. i. However. Paragraph 1 the use (If I. which can actu ally make the m less. they will always give the same score for people of the same intelligence level. LANGUAGE NOTE A topic sentence gives the main idea of a paragraph.Q. 1 Whal brought accusations of racism to I..Q. which means that the majorit y of a d verti sing for cosmetics an d other beauty produc ts is aim ed at wom en .. The use of young. x 3 Grammar: non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers a Look at the article again and find oxamples of the sentences. . not m o re ...b Only one of the sentences below is true. 3 Some parents do not have many books in the house . 5 The theory of multiple intelligence is less restrictive than the theory behind I. 5 There is more pressure on women to be attractive than on men. 4 The tosts are very reliable.Q. tests were invented in France.. and find the phrases in the article that tell you the others are false or that we don't know they're true. . then underline the topic sentence in each paragraph. we are going 10 try the fo llowing puzzles. testing today? c Match sen tences 1 . exams usua lly have strict time limits.. tests b The sentences in Exerche 3d arc ali lopic no..w om en become worrie d and stressed abo u t their appearance. 5 Z For example. they !Jui 11e wel'e mw-n1ed Ity ~. with one or two sup porting sentences. Then choose one of the other topic sentences from Exercise 3d and write a short paragrap h. Decide which one. Answer the Iwo questions below by findi ng the two non-defining clauses in the article.dvertisemcnts encouraging women 0 spend more on their appearance.Q . 4 Writing skills: topic sentences a Look at the article in Ex ~rcise 2... G I. It is usually followed by one or more supporting sentences. a . Can they guess which topic sentence you are writing about? Broin and beauty Unil9 . 1 3 We need to understand what it is about height that can give people a head start. Match the paragraphs with the topics. 4 relative pronouns who and w/!ich. Which relative clauses comment on the whole of the previous sentence? 1 The explorer was in danger of being eaten by wild animals.. a 3 So. dmit knhw Z They were devised as a way of putting less intelligent children into difforent schools. . tests are racist. Do they introduce defining or non-defini ng relative clauses? b We can use non-defining relative clauses to comment on a whole sentence.

The secret of life

1 Reading skills
a LoO,k at the pictu res. How old are the people? Which one looks healthier? Why? b The average li fe expectancy has increased a lot in the last hundred years. Discuss the answers to these questions: then read the report and check. 1 What is the life expectancy in the United States now? Men 74, Women 80 2 Why has lifo expectancy increased in the last hundred years? Infectious diseases - less deadly. general environment cleaner, eat better c Underline the important words and ideas in the repo rt and write a brief summary of each paragraph. Then compare your summaries with a partner.

'P~ 1 ieIl.s u.s Ik tie ~n.C1J 100 lP"" ago and Way, and ...

Life expectancy in the last hundred years: changes and reasons for change
A hundred years pgo. liG. expectancy in developed countries was about :lL in the early 21st century. men in the United States and the United Kingdom can expect to live to about 'Ii. VlQIDm to about aQ. and these ages are rising all the time. \Vhat has brought about these changes? \Vhen we look at the life span of people 100 years ago, we need to look at the greatest killers of the time. In the early 20th century, thcse were the acute and often highly infectious diseas~ such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and smallpox. Many children died very young from these diseases and others, and the weak and elderly were always at risk. health has improved with improvements in our general environment: cleaner air, better means of preserving food, better and warmer housing, and better In the developed world understanding of nutrition. these diseases are far ~ deadly today, and in some Q enetically, we should all cases have almost be able to live to about R2. disappeared. A number of but while people do live factors have led to this: longer today, there arc still improvements in sanitation some big killers around and hygiene, the discovery that are preventing us from and use of ~nribiotics, which consistently reaching that make bacterial diseases age. The problems that much less dangerous, and affect people today are the vaccinations against marc chronic illnesscs, common diseases. In such as heart disease and addition, people's general strokes, and those spread by viruses, such influenza and AIDS. Of course, cancer is a huge killer as well. In most cases these diseases affect older people, but there are worrying trends in the developed world with problems such as obesity leading to more heart disease and illnesses such as diabetes at younger ages.


The killers today can be "lifestyle classed diseases", which means that it may be possible to halt their progress.


BraIn and beouty


Topic: life expectancy
Vocabulary Pronunciation intonolion in

Reading a newspaper article

lag questions

health and disease

question lags

Ustening a radio discussion

discussing ways of improving life expectancy

Write on the boord: food




Irrtroduce the topic

Ask In whol ways have changes in these areas improved our health and fife expectancy? tel students discuss the question briefly in poirs, and then have a whole-dass discussion.

1 Reading skills
Ask studen ts to lell you about the pictures in Exercise la. Possible answers: The woman in the large picture appears to be in her sixties or seventies. and looks much healthier than the oUler woman. Tho h ealth ier woman clearly keeps fit (cycling) and has a healthy lifestylo. Tho other womBn drinks alcohol.

Put studonts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise l b, Encourage them to think ofthree or four reasons for the answer to question 2 before readi ng the text, Help students prepare their summaries by underlining the first two or three important words and ideas as a class, Then ask students to underline other ideas, before chocki ng with a partner, Briefl y elicit answers from the class to make sure students have underlined more or less the same things, then ask students to write their summaries fo llowing the example in Exe rcise l c, Stress the importance of students' using their own words to summarize an article, explaining the main ideas they have understood from reading it. Model summary:
100 years ago life expectancy was on ly 47, whereas today it is 74 fo r men and 80 for women. The shorter life expectancy in the past was a result of killer

infectious diseases, Infectious diseases are less dead ly today because of better sanitation, antibiotics, and vaccinations and because we have im proved general health a nd a cleaner environment. Genetically, we should all reach 85, but we don't because of chronic diseases lile heart attacks and lifestyle trends like obesity, The killers today are "lifestyle diseases," which we have some influence over,


For Exercise 3b on page 95 :III Host Welcome to this week's Science Now. Today we
discuss the question: what makes people live longer? There is no doubt life expectancy is increasing, but v.ill this continue? Well. v.ith me to discuss the queslion is Professor foAoyumi Hotushi, an expert on nutrition, and Brion Winter, on exercise coosullont. Brion, you firs!. Brian HeHo. Well. yes, life expedoncy shook:! continue 10 increase, buI there is couse for concem that Iodoy's generation rno( noT rIVE! as long. Host Oh, why's that? Brian Irs completely dooMllo our Ideslyle. We Ieod very inocTiYe lives nc:rw - most people sit all day. We're not exercising enough buI.....e still eot as much as, if nol more than, people vsed 10 eol years ago when most JOOs were active. So this leads 10 obesity and 011 ~s problems, Host So we need more exercise, don't we? Brion Yes, we should do qurte sTrenoous exercise for aboulthirly minutes three limes a week. This will also help 10 ensure good sleep, which is important, Host Okay. Moyumi, do you ogree? Moyumi Oh, yes, lifestyle is very important. My interesl is in nu1rition, as you knaw. Bul did yau

know thai women in Japon live longer than any oTher people on the planet, to aboUT 82 in general? Host No! Why is lhot? Moyumi Irs hard 10 soy exoctly, but one reoson is !he diel: in Japon, we eol lots of fish and fresh vegelables. fd soy thot Japol'lCSe women trodiliooolty don'l hove a 101of stress, though thofs chonging now that more and more are working. Host And Japanese 'NOffiell don1 drink a 104 of okahol, do they? Mayuni fd soy thors changing, too! Host Who! about salt? Thafs bod lor you, Too, isn1 it? Mayumi Too much saU is, yes, buI rd soy.....e eot quite a lot. Oh, and another thing - lea. Teo is good lor you, espe60Ity green tea. Host Oh, I didn'T knavv that Now, we've lalked about diet, exercise, sleep, stress. IS there anything else? Brion Well. rd soy thot irs irnpoflonl 10 Iry To keep oplimistic ond happy and not 10 lei problems stress you too much, I think it's important to hove close friends, people you con rety on and lalk 10. You know what1hey soy - 0 problem shored Is a problem halved!

Brain and beauty

T 94


t ·· ~

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
Copy the word map in Exercise 2a on to the board. Ask students to copy it into their notebook. Word maps are a great visual way of recording. learning. and remembering words. Encourage your

students to design word maps for other sets of words taught during the course. Have students do Exercise 2b in pairs or sma!! groups.

3 Listening skills
After students have read the list and selected their five important things. let them discuss their ideas with a partner. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Ask students to listen and check the things mentioned.

Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. You may need
to play the recording a second time before students get all the answers. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Answers will vary.

4 Grammar review: tag questions
Qukk grammar guide
Question togs in English are quite complex, so geHing students to use them accurately can be a slow task. The first key to the system is grasping that auxiliary verbs in the main clouse ore repeated in the question tog. However, the verbs switch from affirmative in the main clouse to negative in the tog clouse, or the other way around. The second key is grasping that when there is no auxiliary in the main clouse, danY, doesn't, or didn'l is needed in the question tog.

Common errors and problems
Students may transfer a simple system of questions togs from their first language 10 English;

You like it, A6? They ore married .
Youlikeit. ~?


Students may overuse the tog "isn'l il?

Ask students to complete the question tags as they listen to the audio for Exercise 4a. Play the recording again. pausing at Ule tag questions, if students are not sure of the answers. Let students check their answers to Exercise 4c in pairs before discussing them as a class.

5 Pronunciation : tag questions
Read through the rules in Exercise 5a as a class before doing the exercise. Play the audio again. Ask students to listen and repeat. Play and pause, ask the whole class to repeat. and then ask two or three individuals to repeal the sentences as well. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Ask students to listen and write "checking" or "asking".

6 Speaking skills
Give students five minutes to discuss and list health problems and causes. Briefly survey answers from the class, and ask each group to identify what they think the major problem is. Encourage students to use the example in question 4 as a model for their writing. Finally, have one student from each group present their report to the whole class.

a Sa we need more exercise, don't we? b Japanese women don't drink a lot 01 alcohol, do they? c Thars bad lor you, too, isn't it?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 II isn't raining again, is it? IfaUI Sarah didn't eat much, did she? Ifalll Patrick booked the tickets, didn't he? Irisel I'm invited to the party too, aren't I? Irisel Nothing'S going right these days, is it? {lallJ This is the right place, isn't if? (rise] They'll be late, won't they? 11011 1


T 95

Brain and beauty

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
a Go through the report on page 94. Find the d iseases mentioned and the ways o f dealing with some of them. Add them to this word map.

4 Grammar review: tag questions


a Complete these tag questions. Listen and check your answers. 1 So we need more exercise, don 't we ? 2 Japanese women don " drink a lot of alcohol, do they ? 3 That's bad for you too, isn't j! ?

ways or dealing with different problems

health and disease

b Complete the rules for tag questions. If the main verb is positive, the tag question is negative . If the main verb is negative, the tag question is positive .

There are some "irregular" tag questions: I'm -7 aren't I? This is -7 isn't it?

b Discuss the diseases and problems in the word map. Think about possible causes of each one from the list below, and how they can be dealt with.
infected food and water bacteria/viruses working too hard eating the wrong food pollution


alcohol abuse smoking ignorance

c Write the tag questions for these sentences. js it ? 1 It isn't raining again, 2 Sarah didn't eat much, did she ? 3 Patrick booked the tickets, djdn 't be ? 4 I'm invited to the party too. oreo 'l i ? 5 Nothing's going right these days. is it 6 This is the right place. iso 'l iI ? 7 They'll be late, MlIlD'llbey ?


3 Listening skills
a The repo rt mentions "lifestyle diseases", which 5 Pronunciati on: tag questions may slop the average life expectancy from ~ a Wo can use tag questions to check something we increasing. How can we improve our lifestyle and think we know, or to ask a real question. If we live longer? Look al this list and decide which ask a real question, the voice rises on the tag five you think are the most imporlant. questions; if we are checking, it falls. Listen to 1 eating fish ~ the three questions from Exercise 4a again. 2 avoiding sugar 0 Wh ich one is "real"? 3 avoiding too much salt Listen and repeat the three questions. 4 not too much alcohol Listen to the questions in Exercise 4c, Write 5 not smoking "checking" or "asking" by each one. 6 doing lots of exercise 7 keeping a healthy weight 8 sleeping well 6 Speaking skills 9 being optimistic IH In groups, discuss ways of improving life expectancy 10 not too much stress ~ in your country. 11 being married I with a partner 0 1 List the ma jor health problems in your country. 12 having close friends ~ 2 List their causes: are they lifestyle·related? Listen to a radio discussion about life expectancy 3 Suggest ways of dealing with these problems. and li festyle. Put a check by the things on the list that are mentioned. 4 Write a short report about one or two of the major problems. Li sten again and answer the questions.





1 Why is the amount we eat a problem today? because of inactivity and obesity 2 How much exercise should we do? thirty minutes three times a week 3 Why do Japanese women live longer than everyone else? because they eat fish and vegetables, have liule stress and don't drink much alcohol 4 Why does Brian think fr iends are important? you need people to rely on and talk to d In pairs, discuss these questions. 1 Do men or woman live longer in your country? Why? 2 Think of very old people you know. Does anything in their lifestyle explain their long life? 3 Would you like to live to over 1oo? Why? I Why not?

in ouy ayea, a1Le ygi£S aye a 6t-g flYo6&m. 7he)! can be caused by plan!:5 OY pe15, 6u.1 lhe)! can also be caused by ,,"Y pdtu.lU)n, wfuch can ¥eaLt)! damage )!""Y heaLih. 'Peopte can gel vaeem,,5 ag,,"nsC ce.uun aLteygie5, a-nd Ihey 5huuld h-y ..wi ro have plan!:s oy pUs Ihat cause aLteYg"'s. The .f!uvern/",,,n!: sMul.d h-y ro Yeduce atY pcllultnn 6ecau.se tl makes aLUygi£S woyse.
5 Compare your ideas with other groups.

Broin ond beauty


1 Warm up
a How do you think you learn most effectively? Before you start work on this lesson, make notes about the ways in which you think you learn best, e .g. visually. by doing things with your hands. by talking to others. b In Lesson 2 oflhis unit you read a little about Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intell igence. Now you are going to learn more about this. Read the lext and write the kinds of intelligence in the table below.

. k that every parent th"nks their \ Teachers often)O e arch Suggests that . . od recent resc child IS a gemus, a roa bcl lntclligence is affect~d to some extent they d~ffercnl factors: gellene, by a number of . nal and so on. In the late environmental, cm otlO d doer of H ar vard Howar ar . 20th centur y, . d dOff nl kinds ofintelhgence, . "ct nnile I CfC I University I C th factors. For examp e, ccount esc which take IOta, a . c which refers to people there is visual tntclhgenc .' maps and so on . th ough pictures, , who learn best r th thcr hand refers to onco ' IOte ' c blem solving, and L ogical ' l JIgene , . th gh numbers, pro . learnUlg rou f . I traditional intelligence analysis. These arc air ~ d tifled more unusual G dncr also I en . types, but ar rural intelhgence .' such as no. d IOtelhgcnce,. nnd thc environment), an re (underst.andlO~ natu ( ki g questions about life), existential intc~lgen.ce a~ : nderstanding yourself intrapersonallOu~\hgcnc () d intcrpersonal d I mng alonc, an d well an ear d' other people an (understa n 109 ·th intelligence . lnlera cong well WI . them) . \Vhal all thIS means is that if we can , identify child ren'S " ~ different strengths among of these type s intelligence, we can hC\~ child ren to fulfill thclr potential as learners.

Kind of

What does it mean?


in telligence

Your ~ score


Learning through
language Learni ng thro ugh looking
Learning th rough analysis Learning though doing

Reading articles



Using tables and graphs
Problem-solving ac ti vities







Doing physical games Using chants and rh ymes Writing a diary at home



Learning through sounds and rhythm Learning through thinking and working on your own Learning by interacti ng with other people Learning through observation of the world Bround you Learning through asking questions abo ut life





Working in groups, e.g. role play Working outside, in the countrySide




Discussing important issues


Unit 9

Brain and beauly

. the kinesthetic type. you know the kind of thing. Rob Oh. it's one of the ways of learning. For Exercise 6 on page 97 1I Jane I was reading a really interesting article earlier today. Thai must be port of verbolleorning . I just like doing things. motivated. I'd rother study in a class Ihan on my own. too. yeah. but you prefer 10 study with other peaple. Jane Have you ever analyzed yourself? Do you know how you learn best? Rob I haven'l analyzed it. surely it's not iust about learning. and relative clauses a book extract an informal discussion Write a set of words on the board. Strange.Objectives Grammar Topic: different types of intelligences and learning styles Reading Ustening Speaking analyzing learning styles verb + verb constructions. too. you can leach in lois of different ways to make the lesson more interesting and to make sure more and more learners are. so they were really blocking out some types of learners and making life more diHicull for them . irs about teaching. yes. you're right.all the professors iust stood up and lectured all the time. interpersonal. but I tend to write things down. I've heard of that. um. Rob Oh. like I'd always keep notes when the teacher was talking. They didn't use any other techniques. But. right? I lean toward visual learning. Rob Not only can teach. Find out how students feel they learn best. I love Brain and beauty T 96 Unit 9 . . I haled college . isn't it? Jane Well. I mean. ask What does this Ie/I us about the way we learn? 1 Warm up Have a brief class discussion for Exercise la . you know. I think. noun clauses. ~ ~--------------------------. wouldn't you? Jane Yeah. too. kinestheti c. Rob I think that we both have something of the other types of learning. I'm physical. how would you go about learning those words? Who of you would write frans/a/ions? Who would put these words in sentences? who would learn them by miming or matching to pictures? After eliciting a few different answers. don't you? Jane Oh. For example: jump skip hop leap step stride Introduce the topic Ask If you had to. Rob I'd say thai writing is also Ie<nning through doing. I prefer to study alone and figure oul problems for myself. I know what you mean. Irs about how some people prefer 10 learn through listening or reading or taking notes. through games and activities where you get up and move around. I feel that t can learn a 101 from ather people. I mean. Rob Sa you must be. whereas I lend to be more intropersanal... but should teach. you know. looking 01 maps and figuring things out from pictures. Isn'l it about how diHerent people learn in different ways? Jane Thars right. yeah. um. Ask students to read the text and complete the first column of the table in Exercise lb . Jane Thars right. Thars.using language. I don't feel I'm learning unless I write. I like learning through aclivity. Rob Yeah? Jane It was about Howard Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences.. you know.

3 Prepare Ask students to use the phrases in the Usefu l Language box to write 8 short analysis of their learning style. find out which types of learners are most common in the class. Presentation alternative Write the following language on the board to he1p with preparing the report: We all tend /0 .. Aften'lsrds. For example: 1 learn best by analyzing.. kinesthetic . Also... On one hand . Thon ask studonts to tell their new partner about their learning style: I tend to learn best by analyzing. Answers: Rob: verbal.. and videa in closs..2 Tas k Ask students to work ill pairs to add to the Examples column in the table. 5 Comp are Play the audio for Exercise 5. inlrapersonal Jane: visua l. Give students two or three minutes to prepare a brief description of their learning style using the new languago. Change pai rs in the classroom. and .. Both . I lean toward doing probJem+solving activities rother Own reading or speaking. Ask each grou p to report to the class. labeling. prefer . Additionalodivity The Qudioscripl for Track 42 is on page T96 '" Unit9 T 97 Brainondbeouty . You may need to play and pause to give students sufficient time to write their answers. but . if mostleorners are visual.. Have a brief class discussion o f students' answers. Let students check their answers witb a partner beforo discussing them with the class.. Ask students to listen and say what typos of intelligence the speakers have. students could draw and match pidures more when studying vocabulory ot home. whereas. you could use more pictures. drowing. leons toward . tables. 4 Feedback Ask students to take turns to read their analyses aloud. You cou ld help students by reading out a model ana lysis. 7 Follow up Divide students into groups of four to six to share their ideas and prepare a report in note fonn... .. Ask studcnts to work out their score and discuss the results with a partner. . On the a/her hand / In contrast. kinesthetic. Ask students to co mplete the sentences and check their answers in pairs.... Bearing in mind which types 01 intelligence are most common in the closs.. J prefer doing problem-solving (lctivities to reading or speaking. From a show of hands . .. interpersonal •• 6 Notice Play the audio agai n for Exercise 6a... For example. ask a few students to briefly su mmarize what they found out about their partner. brainstorm on the board ideas for types of activities that could be used in and out 01 closs to facilitate learning.

b Find out about your "intelligence" (we can all have more than onc type of intelligencel... 3 Prepare Use your scores above to list your styles of learning. describe your learning styles to each other again. b In the sarno pairs.. Whal kinds of intelligence do you all have? Which is the most common kind ofintelligence in the group? b Report the resu lts of your group to the whole class.. Complete the sentences below. Did anything surprise you about your partner? Did you agree with their analysis? 5 Compare ~ Listen to Rob and Jane doing the same task. 1 Jane: Some people prefer .. Which types of intelligence do they each have? Brain and beauty .. ... Can you give me an example a/what you mean? a In groups.. 3 Jane: I lean toward ... 3 = This is one of the ways I learn best. b Discuss your learning styles together. 2 Rob: I lend . Keep a note on the most common types of intelligence in other groups. 6 Notice Listen to Rob and Jane again. wheroas I tend . 7 Jane: I'd rather .. I don't learn like this at all.. I'd rather . 6 Rob: I prefer ... 8 Rob: . . 2 = I sometimes learn in Ihis way.2 Task a Usa your noles from Exerc ise 18 to add more exam ples to the table. describe your styles of learning to each other.. Listen 10 your partner's analysis.. 7 Follow up USEFUL LANGUAGE I learn best by. 5 Jane: I like . 4 Jane: I love ... 0 ". 4 Feedback a Present your analysis of ycur learning sty les to your partner. Read the table again and give yourself a score of 0-3 for each type of intelligence.. . J prefer . Make noles to toll your partner about how you learn. J like I don 't like ... This time try 10 use some of the language in Exerciso 6a. 1 '" I rarely learn in tbis way. c Decide w hich are the three most common types of intelligence in the class.

In this use the voice falls on the tag question: '!-tlu've been to Europe several times. can 6e ptt'V'en1:ed now by a "Y(lCC. whose. a professor Switzerland a manager a biologist chemistry smallpox Vocabulary Summary 1 Diseases and problems acne """". where or when.e qr cqu. can he? If the verb in the main part of the sentence is positive.. the tag question is positive: This kind of relative clause gives additional information about a person. are read by young and okJ alike. Choose a word to define from the list. it is odd that she lives in a big hOuse) The elections taka place SVSf}' three )'OOIS. (The relative clause identifies which test. Note that defining relative clauses are not separated from the main clause by commas. ~. The Harry Potter t:xx:Jks.L~. didn 't he? In other tenses we use the auxiliary that is used to form the tense: In defining relative clauses we often use the pronoun that instead of who or which. thing. 5 LQ. .. . using a relative clause. the tag question is negative.otics a hangover a topic sentence Japan alcohol an optimist B A professor.AIDS allergies anem~ eczema """"'" fatigue tuberculosis _esOOo heart disease innuenza stroke pneurT'oOflia A It's a person who teaches in a university. If we leave out the information in the relative Clause. Where the relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause. giving more infonnation in non-defining relative clauses. who 's an architect.-e'1f . 2 Gabriel Garda Marquez wrote A Hundred 'rOOrs of SoJitude. Choose five of the diseases or problems in 1 and write a definition/description of each. isn't it? There al'8n 't any concerts here this weekend. we use the modal to form the tag questiOn: Brian can't sing very well. Use relative clauses where you can. 4 Tom Cruise used to be married to Nicole Kidman. (She's the woman... the fact that the elections take place fNefY three years is democratic) Write a sentence about each of the following. 1 Harvard University is especially well-known for its law school.. using words and phrases from 2. the voice rises on the tag question: I don't know Pilar. and any other language you need.In!lue:n}4. the sentence stilt makes sense: It's really cold today. doesn't she? 71 F""" In simple tenses (simple PfBSSfIt and past). we foon the tag question with doIdoes/did: information in defining relative clauses: She's the woman who won the beauty contest.sdtes m tAe wo-dd. ~. She speaks English. haven't you? :::. or idea. to ask about something we don't know. 3 Mumps is a painful disease. There are two types of relative clauses: defining (Identifying) and non-defining.e.Jl:. wluch is caused by a "YtrnJ.e. wfuch t. strnss 2 Non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers We can use non-defining relative clauses with which to commeflt 00 the Idea in a 'NhoIe sentence: 3 Prevention and cure antibiotics mediCation diet sanitation exercise sloop hygiene vaccination She lives in 8 v&y big house. and that we always separate them from the main clause with a comma. fqr lis taw scAoot. tests are restricted to traditional kinds of intelligence.'1 Mandy tOOk the intelligence tast that focused on spatial awareness. WOrlcs for the lOcal fflUflkipaIity.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Relative clauses A relative clause gives more information about a noun 1"1 the main clause of a sentence.. because she doesn't have much money. which is very democrafic. guess which word your partner is defining. al'8 there? My wife.. wfuch is one of tAe k5l 1t.'vam U1U-vey~. )la:.>cia diabetes indigestion smallpox 2 Causes of disease I health problems alcOhol abuse viruses smoking bacteria pollution eating disorders radiation infection / infected food or water .5 9t'V'en UJ e/4. hasn't he? With modal verbs. i. UJ peyson.'y(:y pecple e. al'8 they? M8J'k's been with that company for years. which.e. antib. We cannot usually leave out the We can also use them to ask a real question. when we snee. we can leave it out: I failed the math exam (that) I took last month. which is odd. is spyuut from peyson. We can use tag questions to check something that we think we know. which have sold millions of copies.1UWY. In pairs. If the verb in the main part of the sentence is negative.n:niey. Unit 9 Broin ond beauty . is especuu1:y welL-known. Non·defining relative clauses are used mof8 in written than spoken English. 3 Tag questions u.gh. Non-defining relative clauses Kevin and Laura aren't coming tonight. Then compare your sentences with a partner.I Identifying or defining relative clauses This kind of relative clause tells us exactly which person or thing we are talking about.e. It usually begins with who. Note that we do not use the pror1C)IJ'I that in non-defining relative clauses. In this case. that. .) Jack lived in this house.

I already do this. 1 What do you personally think about English D<J<] REVIEW Revtew your action plan: writing 8 short report In pairs. b Compare your ideas with other pairs. but regu~ times to go over new grammar again. look at these examples and follow the steps below.U d . 2 Few people have high enough scores to be considered geniuses. b • Look for examples of it in differenl contexts. You do not want to sound too formal in an informal situation.z Z C) 01: Written grammar 1 Thinking about grammar a In small groups. Vv'hile you are working on Unit 10. g This couk:l be n a conversation or when you are writing something. note down some grammar that interests you and use the steps in Exercise 3 to understand and record it. Seeing f " the election. 4 f:. 2 Be systematic about hOw you record tle'N grammar b . You also need to understand and record the meaning(s} c '" for example. I.) Do these examples confirm your ideas? d Now check your ideas with the Language note on page 103. e Finally. 2 Working with grammar a Here are eight lips to help you learn new grammar thOroughly. such as in order to + nfinitive: The 5 Review all new grammar regular1y or you 'Nil! forget government has increased wages in order to gain popularity before or hearing it again and again 'Nil! rep rneroory as well as . word order (e. Match the tips with the examples of hOw to use the techniques. discuss these questions. L. 3 Putting the tips into use In pairs. exchange and read the final written report about one of the most popular team sports in your country from Unit B. whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. a Use the examples to try to figure out the differences between a few. record this grammar in your notebooks so thai you will remember how it is used. Ten minutes a day is enough. e For example: we can express purpose 'Nith connectors that are followed by an infinitive. scores. ACTION PIAN I> Your action plan: working with written grammar If you do not have a special notebook for grammar. create a special grammar section in your normal notebook. or the opposite! b 7 Keep a ~st of the grammatical mistakes you keep making in a special part of your notebook. few. cross it off your 1 St. Think in terms of both the form of the language and the meaning. -J ~ 3 What techniques do you use to learn new grammar? 4 What is "grammar"? b Share your ideas with the class. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy: is the language correctly used? For example.g. Brain and beauty Unit9 . actively look for appropriate situations when you can use the language. b Look at the list of techniques again and mark each one with one of these keys: . *= I m ight try this.U L. ' notes in the margin. You can also check 'Nitl1 a grammar book. are the punctuation.. I'm not interested in this. e g a 1 Think of grammar as a fun puzzle and a!\-vays try to a Set short. d Then dlec!<: your ideas about meaning by looking for other examples to see if they fit. Note: you wijU need to show a classmate the notes on the grammar that you have made in your notebook at the end of Unit 10. 4 There is little hope of finding any survivors now. and grammar correct? ~ ~ grammar? (Is it easy/diffJcultl\ogical7) 2 When you make notes on new grammar. subject + verb + OOject).I". increasing your depth of understanding of the fl8V>I item. c Can you tI1ink of / find any other examples of these? (The text in Exercise 2b on page 102 might hep you.e. 3 Remember it's not enough to know the form . spelling.. figure out the meaning first. *** = I will try this. of the grammar and give an example to illustrate the meaning.sk yourself d you know wilen to use the grammar. h Go back to your lisl from time to lime. As you read. X". in Vllhich kind of situations. 1 t know a few people who have really high 1. what information do you include? o >o > o c. think about these areas. A good w'iX'f to do this is by under1ining examples of it in texts and making by noting the form. and little.. f • Finally. VV11erl you don't make that mistake any more.. a little. 3 A little wisdom can go a lOng way.0.

strange as they work in the same building. However. a e Complete these questions with appropriate words. which was 5 Tbey only bought one oftheir three children a bicycle. have great special effects. 5 A lot of women hove cosmetic surgery even though it is very expensive. they had missed thoir bus. 4 this country' need ' greater ' economic stability What this country needs is greater economic stability. a lot of women have it b Expand these notes to make complete sentences. is there? . which is 2 They don 't know each other. do you? 2 Picasso and Dali are both Spanish painters. 1 I can'l imagine I he I lives on I salary I can't imagine how he lives on hislthat salary. (so that) She took up karate so that she could defend herself from aUack . there are lots of job opportunities. aren't they ? 3 It's been raining all day. hasn't it ? 4 She couldn't speak Japanese a year ago. 1 Although she answered all the questions. 'in c Match A and B to make complete sentences. music but no dialogue. 3 I always feel homesick' think ' friends ' my hometown I always feel homesick when(ever) I think of my friends and my hometown. A 1 H Eating (oat) loss is 2 The childron apologizod for 3 Gettinll u~ (gel up) early 4 She denim\ 5 He doesn't mind 2~ h being (be) late. e is something I really hate! a 1IID 3W <lID sl!!l d There is a relative pronoun missing in all of these sentences. " which have 4 The Star Wars films . (ill order to) He wore a suit in order to make a good Impression at the interview . "fw She's the teacher " taught me French. could she ? 5 Excuse me.shlng ' . d stealing (steal) clothes from the store. You will need to add a question word to each one. There isn'l a bank around here. 5 he I want ' live' there ore' Jots I job opportunities He wants to live when there are lots of job opportunities. thatlwhich 3 I hate books have long chapters. the runners all managed to fini sh the marathon. and add commas where necessary. 1 You don't have a car. 2 The interviewer asked I she I wanted I do I after I finish I college The interviewer asked what she wanted to do after finl. Write the pronoun in the correct place. (even though) The runners all managed to finish the marathon even thouKh the weather Was terrible . she failed the test. that had 1 We saw an interesting film last night lwl. ironing (iron) but I hate ill c not always the best way to lose weight. (however) Cosmetic surgery is very ewensive. Then write the correct fonn of the verbs in parentheses. 3 He woro a suit because he wanted to make a good impression at the interview.a Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. ~ been a huge success. However. (in spite 00 She failed the test in spite of answering all the questiON . ~ unfair. Use the words in parentheses.he had finished college. Where he wants to live. 4 She took up karato so as to defend herself from attack. 2 The weather was terrible.

as well as treating the symptoms. They make him look surprised all the lime. . allergic fatigued d iabetic can cerous obese strossfu l bald anemic depressed 1 I just can't feel positive about anything -l ife seems so black to me . But the more antibiotics we use. abdomen ankle armpit bottom calf elbow fingers fist foot hand hoad heel hip knee Deck shin shoulder thigh toes waist wrist What are theso patients suffering from? Use the noun form oftive of the words from the box.f Complete the sentences with five ohhe facial features from the box. . 2 I don't like my low foreh ead . a llergy 5 I fee l nervous and tonse nil the ti me. often (medicaij med icine and food. Doctors prescribe different kinds of 5 to counter illnesses..::. patients are told to lead a less 1 2 sanitation stressfu l (Stress) lite It they can possibly do so. Ho's a weiehtlifter . 4 I never like to sec a prominent chin on a pohtlClan . Nowadays. so we really have to fight the causes of illness. especially at work. but also from factOfies. Kids at school used to call me "Neanderthal Boy". He's a great sprinter 4 She can jump in to the water hood first from a great height. and a variety of cures and remedies. the impression that they're very stubborn. waist h Label the pictu re on the right using ten of the words from the box. Use the context to hell> you. Cities in many countries cause problems because they have serious levels of 4 arising from the number of cars. as this is one of the main reasons !of sickness infUI:tions in the western world. in some countries (sanitary) is very poor and can result in a number of 3 ~nfect) that spread in dirty water poilu lion (pollute). A HEALTHY LIFE Modem lite brings with It a wide range of illnesses and diseases.. Sho's an Olympic d iver 5 He can lift 150 kilos. for example. . It gives . 2 Sho can jump a long dis tance.:. 4 It happens in the spring . the most common of which are antibiotics.. 5 Mary is reall y n very nice person but she has such Ihm lips that her smilos look fal se. . 3 Ho can run short dis tances ve1J' quickly. obesity . darling. .my eyes start to water and they Itch badly. 3 You need to gel more sleep. . stress wrist Complete the text with the correct form of the words in parentheses. 1 He can ju mp vory high. fatigue . 2 anJd. foot o-{:.'=~~) 3 hin knee g Complete these sentences with a noun that describes an athlete and that is related to the words in italic. 2 I look so pale and I just don't have any energy. In other parts of the world there are other reasons for illness. Your eyelids look very heavy and yo ur eyes are bloodshot.dmuession . He's a great hjgh jumper . but I'm 40 pounds overwOIght. 3 I guess it's partl y poor diet and no exercise.---. the mare resistant the bacteria become. chi n forehead eyelids eyebrows nose lips cars eyes mouth 1 His eyebrows arc very arched . Sho's a champion long jumper .

Unitl0 The world around
lesson 1
1 Speaking skill s

2 Reading skills
a T he following sentences come from the article below Read them and predict what the article is about. .

,I W,lin! d~ you know about waler? Take the wat erw ise qUI z and find ou\.

1 The city is lndore, in India, where [ grow up. 2 A project to draw water from the Narmada Ri ver lay unfinished for years.
3 T he city doesn't s leep easy. 4 Moreover. the water shortage is not shared equally. 5 M~ Il~oth er reminds every household member whe w IiI listen to use less water. ..........

b Read the article aud check your predictions. The sentences from 2a are missing from the start of paragra p~s A.-E. Write the numbers of each sentence "-" at the begmnmg of the appropriate paragraph.

Precious Fluid ~;
A~ It sleeps with one ear tumed to the fully opened faucets with buckets dangling from them. At the first sounds of the water's arrival through the pipes in the pre-dawn dark, bodies spring from beds to fiU buckets and pots. In the slums, people have been awake since before the first droPS arrived. Uning up, half-asleep with their pots by the communal tap, waiting. Sometimes the water runs for an hOur, sometimes just a few minutes. Sometimes the water company skips a day or two, sometimes more. B~ Several trips are made through the day to inspect the level of the tanks _ one on the roof of our house, one on the ground. The city'S poor people, with hardly any storage at their disposal, are forced to buy exorbitantly priced water brought in by tanker. Rghts erupt. There have even been murders.

e lIl

It has 1.5 million inhabitants and there has been a water problem here as far back as I can remember. Today it is estimated that the water supply to the city is half of the amount required . A rise in population and a steady decline in rainfall are usually blamed. But there are other culprits, too.


Meanwhile, Indore's streams, an histOrical source of water, were neglected and tumed into drains. The govemment's '-promise of "a faucet in every home" tums people into passive consumers of state-provided water, weakening the traditional role of communities in maintaining local water supply. The street where the rich live has lush gardens, even during the dusty Indian summer. An industrialist's mansion down thl road from my parents' house has an indoor swimming pool. ........ And then there are whole localities with either very little water or no water at all.


~ b Now listen and check your answers. c In grou ps, compare your scores. Who is the most "water-wise"? Which is the most important fact you discovered fro m the questionnaire?

.,. GLOSSARY (see opposite page)


The world around us

Grammar quantifiers

Topic: water
Reading a magazine article, a quiz Ustening a conversation

laking and discussing a quiz

Write wateron the boord. Put students in pairs and ask them to write as many uses for water as they can in one minute. Find oul which pair thought of the most uses. Possible list:

Introduce the topic

you con drink it; you can swim or dNe in it; you can water plonts with it: you can wash in it; you can hove a shower or bath in il; you can wash dishes with it; you can wash clothes/cors/windows with il; you con make fountains, pools, and ornamental ponds; you con go sailing/woterskling/windsurfing/speedbooling on il; you con put flowers in il; you can freeze it and make ice for your drinks; you con boil it and make tea; steam engines

There are many numbers in this unit, Here is how to pronounce a few. 60% = sixty per cent 1.5 liters", one point five liters 0.01% '" zero point zero one per cent (in British English, nought paint nought one per centl 2025 '" twenty twenty~five 400.000", four hundred thousand

Note on numbers

1 Speaking skills
Ask students 10 lake the quiz in Exercise la . Limil lhe lime 10 five minutes. Play the audio for Exercise l b. Ask students to Iislen and check their answers. Then let groups of students discuss the quiz. Afterwards, find out ITom the class what surprised or worried them.


2 Reading skills
Pul students in pairs 10 predict ITom the sentences in Exercise 2a . Ask students to read the article quickly, and find out whether any of their predictions are mentioned. Draw attention to the Glossary. Briefly, elicit answers ITom the class.

T .• ~


Put students in pairs to match sentences to paragraphs in Exercise 2b .

A lers check the answers now. B Okay. You read out the questions, and I'll give you the answer from the bock 01 the magazine. A Right. Question 1. How long can the overage person survive without water? We said b. three weeks. B We were wrong. II"s a - only three days. A Is Ihat all? Wow! Okay, question 2. What can happen if you don't drink water regularly? We said a - you develop kidney problems. B And a it is! That's correct. Question 3? A How much water should you drink every day? We said b. about half a liter. B Actually, it's a. at least one and a half liters. That's a 101, isn't it? A Yes, it must be about seven or eight glosses. I don't drink that much water. B Neither do I, but maybe we should. Okay, question 4. A Right. How much of our body is water? We said c, 60 per cent. B Thars right, c, irs about 60% water. A Good. Now, 5, approximately how much wa ter do we have in our body? We said c, 50 liters. B And we were right. C - our bodies contain obout 50 liters of water. A Well, that was okay. Question 6 was how much of the earth's surface is covered by water? We said c, 70%.

B Yeah, right again, irs over two-thirds water, so about 70%. We're doing okay. So, question 7? A 7. How much 01 the earth's water is drinkable? We said c, 10%. B ah, not so good here. The answer is b. In fact, irs less than one per cent. A Gosh, I didn't know thaI. Okay. Question 8, how much water does an overage African use every day? We said 0, five liters. B Yeah, that's right, a, five liters. A Good, and question 9, how much water does an overage American use every day? We said it would be more, so about 50 liters, b. B Well, we were wrong again. The overage American uses about 500 liters of water every day! Thors c. A Thars amazing - and frightening. How do we use that much? B I suppose in boths and using hosepipes, and washing cars - all that kind of stuff. A Yeah, , expect you're right Last question - by 2025, how many people on the planet will face a water shortage? We said 0, one third. B Well, the horrifying truth is that irs c, about Mo-thirds. Isn't that awful? A Yes. So how did we do? B Uh, we got five right and fIVe wrong, so it wasn't too bod, bull think we should really know more about things like this ..

The world around us

T l02

Unit 10

Ask students to research the article and list points under the headings in Exercise 2c. Afterwards, build up a class list of points on the board. Possible answers: The poor: lhey get up early to line up at the communal tap; they have to buy overpriced water because they can't collect water; they fight over water, and people are murdered. The rich: not affected; lush gardens and indoor swi mming pools The author's fami ly: mother reminds people to use less water; she inspects the fam ily water tanks regularly.

End this part of the lesson by having a brief class discussion about the questions in Exercise 2d.

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
Do the first as an example to get students started on Exercise 3a. Point out every household member in sentence 5 of exercise 2a, and tell students to underline it. Then tell students to find and underline other sentences with quantifiers in the text. Let students check ill pairs. Then ask them to discuss Ule questions in Exercise 3a in pairs.
Quick grammar
The problem with quantifiers is which words they go with - countable or uncountable nouns? Singular or plural nouns? And, since Ihis is often different from students' firsl languages, il can lead to many errors.

guide: quantifiers

Common problems and errors
Some nouns may be countable in students' languages and uncountable in English or ",ice verso;


All the furnitures 6fC comfortable. There .¥;R "

nice clothes here.

He gave me a lot of informaliofl5. Much, many, and a lot of I lots of cause confusion: He has fRI:JER money. Little and few may be interchangeable in the students' first longuoges. I have lew money,

Answers: Every household member Somelimes just a few minutes Several trips are made ... With hardly any storage , .. .. . half the flmOWlt required ... very litUe water or no water at all.

followed by countable, singular nOWI followed by a countable, plural noun - a small quantity followed by a countable, plural noun -a mediwn quantity followed by an uncountable noun · - a very small quantity followed by an uncountable noun'" followed by an uncountable noun - a small quantity followed by an uncountable noun *

*Note that. although followed by all w lcountable here, Ulese can also be followed by counlables, (hardly any people; half the students, etc.) Ask students to complete the table in Exercise 3b, then check wi th a partner. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 3c. Let students check with a partner before discussing as a class, Go through the example in Exercise 3d as a class, then give students a minute or two to read the facts and think of how they can express the facts using quantifiers. Remind them about the Language Nole. and clarify any confusion related to using/ow I a few and little I a little. Put students in pairs to discuss. Monitor and listen for accurate use of quantifiers. Afterwards, elicit from each pair their "best" sentence.

Unit 10

T 103 The world around us

c Read the article again and make notes on how the water problem affects these people. the poor the rich the aUlhor's family d Are water shortages andlor water pollution a problem in your country or region? What are the problems? Can you suggest some solutions?

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
a Find the quantifiers below in the article and the sentences in Exercise 2a. Underline the sentence each quantifier is in. Then answer the questions. every a few several hardly any half very litt le no

c Complete the sentences with an appropriate quantifier. 1 "Some more wine?" "No thanks. I still have some/a HIlle left." 2 It is the responsibility of even person to take care of the environment. 3 "Would you like to try the left or right shoe?" " I'd like to try .hW.h.. of them, please." 4 There are a (ew!some/seyeraJ coins left in the car. We'd better got them for the parking meter. S We get a lot of/a good deal of rain here in the summer, so the grass is very green.
d In pairs, d iscuss these facts about water. using an

Are the quantifiers followed by countable or uncountable nouns? 2 If the quantifier [s fo llowed by a countable noun, is it singu lar or plural? 3 Which quantifiors refer to a large quantity and which 10 a small quantity? correct group below.

appropriate quantifier. We Jose 0 Jot of our water because of old pipes. / We waste a great deal o[ water.

b Write the <!Uanlifiers from Exercise 3a in the

Amazing facts!
We lose 70% of our water because of old pipes.

Quantifier type Inclusive Large or medium quantities Small qua ntities Precise quantities Negative qua ntities

Examples both, either, each, ~, all many, a lot of. a groat/good deal of. seyeral some, few, ~, hardly aoy, yecr little a quarter, two-thi rds, ..llillL neither. ......lliL....., none

The average citizen in Britain uses 200 liters of water a day.

LANGUAGE NOTE Nota tha differonce betwoen Q [ew/o little and felli/little: We get a littlo rain every day. / The ground is dry because lIIe get little rain in the summer. There are a few French speakers here. / There are few speakers left of some languages. a felll/fl little", some: [elll/little = not enough

An average citizen in Mozambique uses 9 hters of water a day.

400,000 litres of water is used In the production of a car.

GLOSSARY (Procious Fluid) dangling hanging, swinging slum poor area of a town with very bad housing exorbitant overpriced, costing much more than is usual culprit person or thing responsible for something badlillegal drain passage through which water or sewage nows away lush very green nnd healthy

Over two-thirds of the earth's surface is water.

Only 0.D1 % of the earth's water is drinkable.

The world around us

Unit 10


1 Listening skills
a Look at the picture. What do you tllink the object is? Why is tho man !ooking al it? b Choose a caption for the picture from the olles on the right. @ C Listen to Pari 1 orlhe radio program to check your answer. ~ d In pairs, guess the answers to these questions. Then listen to Part 2 and check your guesses. 1 How many pieces of man-made jWlk are there in outer space? 70,00010150 ,00 2 What kind of man-made jun k is there? mostly sateUiles and rockets, but also wrenches, gloves, cans and bags, scraps of paper, plastic 3 Who dumped it in outer space? astronauts 4 What might happen if this junk falls back onto the earth? it might disintegrate when it enters the earth 's atmosphere 5 What's the largest thing that has ever fallen back onto the earth? a space station 6 Wh o does the garbage belong to? USA, Russia, Britain, Germany
e What do you think can be done to solve the problem of "space junk"?

<DGreat Balls of Fire ®
_ one of the tWO

"T'his South

®A South
African farmer keeps his '--" distance from the bomb in case it explodes.

metal obiects
that fe\\ from the skY and landed ,

white hot , on a farm near

an UnUSual Orm of the €'<lme in Which
the ball is mad



PaYer is tr .

AFricans I OCcer


of melal.


3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases
a We use of to combine the conta iners and their contents. e.g. a lube o/toothpaste.
1 Which word in the phrases below has the main stress? the container word . 2 Which word is weak. with the vowel reduced to I~I? of a can of baked beans a carton of milk a jar of honey a bailie of beer a box of chocolate a bag of chips


b Listen and check your answers. Then repeal.

2 Vocabu lary: containers
a in the radio p rog ram. Major Lewis mentioned cans and bags among the space junk. What might have been in them?
b What usually comes in these containers? Put lhe things in the box in the correct columns.

c In pairs, check your an swers to Exercise 2b. Say the phrases with the correct stress. A inslan/ coffee B a jar of ins/ant coffee

4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers
a What is the differe nce between a lube of toothpaste and a toothpaste tube? Label LANGUAGE NOTE the pictures with the two phrases. We do not use the plural farm in these b Listen to the phrases phrases: and re peat them. Where is the main stress in a call of ooked beans these phrases? but (looked bean can.......,.. The main stress is on the first word .

instant coffee paint jam orange juice matches wine ice cream cookies cereal mineral water soda ointment olives tools lemonade potatoes yogurt

C ."
paint soda

honey instant calfee jam




toothpaste bakod beans ointment

chocolate beer cereal matches wine IDOls




orange juice icecream

orange cerfllli juice wine potatoes

lemonade ointment yogurt olives

minerai cookies water soda lemonade

tube oftoothpaste

= =


too thpas te lube


The world around us

Play the audio for Exercise Ie.• ill I The audioscript for Track 45 is on page nos ::. . first put students in pairs to predict answers. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. You can also use them in the pronunciation activity that follows to proctice stress in phrases. but J think there must be millions. Point oul both the illustration and the Language Note. t .. Afterwards. Using realia 3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases Ask students to work in pairs to predict answers to the question s in Exercise 3a. pausing after each phrase. whereas toothpaste tube is describing the object. I 46i'-.. Ask students to listen to find out if their predictions were correct. 100. Ask students to listen and check their predictions.Objectives Topic: iunk and disposing of waste Vocabulary containers Grammar modal verbs: active and passive Pronunciation stress in phrases Ustening a radio interview Speaking discussing waste Write on the board: Introduce the topic a garbage can a recycling center a wastepaper basket a second-hand clothing shore a yard sale a landfill site Ask What sort of things do we put in or give to Ihese places or things? Why? Do you pay attention to whether you get rid of your garbage or junk? 00 you recycle things? 1 Listening skills Ask students to work in pairs or groups oflmee or fo ur to discuss the picture in Exercise l a and match the caption from Exercise lb. 10 Sd. we investigate a new kind of garbage called 'space junk: We begin with the mysterious appearance of two metal balls that formers in South A frica say fell from the sky near Cope Town.a large metal hal! that fell from space. ask stu dents in pairs to look hack at exercise 2b and practice pronouncing the answers with the correct stress. Let students check answers in pairs hefore disc ussing them as a class. ond bogs.. For Exercise 3c. Answer: Th e object is space junk .. and point out that tube of toothpaste means Ihere is toothpaste in it. T . irs not the first time man-made junk has fallen on to earth from outer space. Here in the studio 10 throw light on the problem is Major Richard lewis. cans. Now. and ask students to repeat chorally. CJ @ ~ For Exercise 1d. o can of baked beans a jar of haney a carton of milk a box of chocolate a bottle 01 beer a bog of chips The world around us T 104 Unit 10 .n" In Adlon " lodoy. and it seems it wan·1 be the last. in fact. It is 0 good ideo to bring in 0 shopping bag of different tubes. something falls from the sky ~ery day. Model the activity briefly to preview and encourage the use of modals: I'm not sure. program. Play the recording again . @ 4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers Ask the question in Exercise 4a to the class.~ 47"---------. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise le. Ask students to listen and repeat. Space watchers say that. then ask students to complete the table in Exercise 2b. bottles. jars.. Make sure students are pronouncing of with a weak stress. 2 Vocabulary: containers Encourage specu lation about the question in Exercise 2a. Answers will vary... Ask students to listen and check. regardless of whether the tube has anything in it or not. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. compile a list of possible explanations on the board from the class's answers. You can use them to elicit the vocabulory. The best caption: 1.. Ask one or two individuals 10 repeat individually. a baked bean can a honey jor a milk carton a chocolate box a beer bottle Ho" W"com. Then p lay the audio.

Presenter Uh. the United Stotes owns the mosl oboul 3. At the end. as happened in 1979 when a whole space station crashed inlo Australia.a lot of it diSintegrates when it enters Ihe earth's atmosphere but some of this Irash is going to foil bock 10 earth. that's all fascinating. well.it s just that our radar can't pick out anylhing smaller than these. But this kind of thing happens every day. In fact there are probably a lot more than 8. Presenter Major L ewis... that was a very hal metal sphere.. Altogether. thonk you for joining us today.. uh . After students have discussed the questions. And of course. 35 kilos and it landed with a loud boom in a vineyard only 50 meters or so from where some farme rs were working. like /I is necessary Ihal . Monitor carefully and be ready for questions.000 . At the end. There were in fact two balls.000 to 150. that wrench goes out into space and becomes a piece of spoce junk. and ask them to discuss the questions. Check any problem vocabulary. Presenter One last question: who does this gorboge belong to? Lewis Actuolly. at the Space Center at present. Give them three or four minutes.. a lot of it has been left behind by astronauts over the years during the various space missions. if possible. pieces of junk? Do we know? Lewis Yes.. Put students back in the same groups as for exercise 6a.. we don't know andlor we are not interested in who does the action of the verb. Unit lO Tl05 Theworldaround us . Oughllo is also a problem . thankfully no one was in jured Presenter And what about this mysterious melal ball in South Africo? Lewis Well. Ask one student from each group to present their ideas to the class. and Russia is second with 2. Major Lewis. Allow about ten minutes. Presenter I see.000 items. 45'-----------------------------------------------------------~ For Exercise ld on page 104 II. Presenter And how big are these .. vote on which group had the best ideas. Encourage students to practice all the vocabulary introduced in this section. Britain and Germany have only one piece of trash each that we're aware of. Do the first sentence in Exercise 5e as an example.. Presenter And whot's going to happen to all this stuff . we think there are about 70. weighing about . Somebody ought to make the countries take more care . scraps of paper and plastic. 6 Speaking skiUs Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 6a. Presenter Well. we're tracking around 8. ask them to outline the main problems and their recommendations for reducing and disposing of waste. let's sayan astronaut drops a wrench while he's working at the space lab.Put students in pairs or small groups to discuss Exercises 4c and 4d . And where did all this junk come ' from? Lewis Well. then have a brief discussion with the class. cons and bags. Make sure students say either should + verb or ought to + verb. Quick grammar guide: models The major problem here is Ihot many students ovoid modols in general and passive modals in particular. huh. Give students a couple of minutes to read through the table in Exercise 6b. gloves..000 pieces of garbage out there.. can I begin by asking you just how much space junk is flying around up there in outer space? Lewis Well. countries with satellites and space stations ought to be made to take more care of their things in space. but mostly we're talking about parts of satellites and rockets. They tend to use expressions from their native languages. Let students check their answers in pairs when they have finished . We tend to use the passive to be impersonal and objective. Presenter A whole space stolion! Was anybody hurt? Lewis No. elicit answers from the class and clarify any confusion. Presenter And is anyone going to do anylhing about the problem? Lewis We can hope! All the junk must be tracked carefully so that we know if there are any large objects up there ~ and. Somebody should destroy them . b Somebody must track all the junk . Then ask students to add to the list any ideas they can think of. uh .. c 2 is more objective because it does not "blame" anyone by saying who should be building landfill sites.in other words.000 pieces of man-made junk that are floating around the earth.is it dangerous? Lewis Most of it isn't . they should be destroyed when they start to fall to ovoid any damage.500. Answers: a Ought is followed by to. The subject is somebody. 5 Grammar: modal verbs + active and passive Put students in pairs to work through Exercises 5a to 5d .both beca use it is followed by 10 and because it is difficult to pronounce. they're between one centimeter and 10 em in size.. And what kind of things are we talking abaut? Lewis All kinds of things ~ wrenches.

Le. economical. Answer the questions helow. d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on pago 110. e. The world oround us UnillO .. Who is the subject in each one? c Look at theso two suggestions. they should be destroyed when they start to fa ll . littering inefficient garuage collection too many nOll· biodegradable containers not enough garbage cam pollution of air and water from landfi lls lack of recycling centers c Make recommendations for your country or community.. 2 What do you think happened to your garbage? 3 How does your country or community deal with garbage? b In your groups. 1 What kind of things have you thrown away in the past week? Think abou t all your waste. ond nlso the schools should . glass. plastic 5 Grammar: modal verbs + acti ve an d passive a Look at these passive sentences from the listening.c What arc the containers in tho taule in Exercise 2b usually made of? Discuss in pairs. S If you have a garden. something else Toothpas te tubes aro made of metal.g. countries . We think the city government alight to provide more garbage cons. Decide whether to use an active or passive form.. and ecological. When you have finished with the containers. e Complete these suggestions with should or ought to. 2 More landfill si tes ought to be built. In groups.. ought to be made to take marc care of thei r things in space.. discuss the fo llowing questions. What is different about ough(! 1 All the junk must be tracked carefully .. Which one is more objective? Why? 1 The govern men t ought to build more landfill sites. aren 'tthey? d Household packaging is a real "junk " problem . you shouldlought to put (put ) all vegetable and fruit waste on a compost heap. 1 What are the problems related to waste? 2 Do people try to reduco wasle? If so. Underline the modal verbs. discuss how waste is handled in your cou ntry or com munity. and which do you recycle? 6 Speaking skills a General waste is becoming a huge problem today. A lot of people litter because there aren't fI nol/gh garbage cans in tilt) streets.. Materia ls: plastic.. B res. A Littering is a big problem. metal. Jllore garbage cans would help. Use the ideas in the table and your own ideas. 2 . 1 Households that produce a lot of garbage s hould/oughlto be taxed (tax) more. paper.. a small paymont punishing people who litter or leave their garbage in inappropriate places Ways of disposing of waste burying in landfill sites burning in incinerators sending into space putting in deep oceans melting and reusing for new products.g. 2 We shouldn't/ouK nol 10 Use (usc) so hl many plaslic shopping bags when we go to the supermarket. 3 Newspapers and magazines should/ought to be recycled (recycle). 3 . which do you keep. (I Stiffer fines s hould/ouCht to be introduced [introduce) for people who litter in the street. b Rewrite the sentences with active verbs. Present your ideas to the class. Say what you think the major problems are and make recommendations for improvement. Decide as a class which were the best ideas... cans providing an incentive for recycling. 4 People should/ouXht 10 be encouraged {encourage} to take bottles to a recycle center.. Say what the current forms of waste disposal are and suggest some alternative forms which you feel would be practical. in what ways? 3 How is waste disposed of! Arc there any problems associated wi th this? Problems Ways of reducing waste taxing households that produce excessive waste providing recycling facilities for more items. which onos do you throwaway. e.

GM crops will be GLOSSARY biotechnology science based on cells and bacteria flourish grow weil and be healthy a rid very dry with few plants a bundant plenty of. 3 Write your partner's arguments in the other column of the table. proved that I that 4 It has al read y been im plantin~ I a gene can introduce sOl1s of problems into the I food chain : for example. for and against CM food . Student A: Read the text below and complete the table with argume nts for CM food. Biotechnology is now being used to create crops that: * flourish in harsh environments such as arid land and salty soil. important arguments in your text. Ie is difficult to argue against GM crops when the welfare of billions of people is involved. 1 Describe the arguments to your partner. this will have eno rmous consequences. Second . Scientists have recentl y produced GM rice with increased vitamin A and iron content. such as areas thaI used to lose cro ps through I flooelinG I or extreme heat. A tremendous milestone in this direction was achieved when the genome of rice was finally identified. * bear abundant fruit with little supervision and carei * are enriched with vitamins and minerals. a gene from Brazil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes . . the first time in history that this had been done fo r a major food crop. As Y know. This will help people who suffer from low levels of vitamin A and iron. There are three words in each blank. Student B: Read the text on page 151 and comple te the table with arguments agains t CM food. contaminated crops flooding genes food chai n GM feed imp lanting pesticides resistant 2 Li stening skills @ a Read these sections from a debate on CM food. and this has caused a lot of debate . T hen listen and check. 3 Reading skills a In pairs. which cause blindness and anemia. The pressure to feed people is rapidly intensifying. Since four billion people (about 60% oftbe world's population) depend on rice. * require little water and fertilizer. 1 Vocabulary: GM food What do you know aoout genetically modified food? What are the argu ments for and against il? Use th ese words and expressions in your answers. in large quantities genome the complete set of genes in a living thing I resistant to insects. Fo' Against GM food: the arguments for GM food has enormous potential for helping nations suffering from famine and for feeding the exploding world population._. scientis ts can now p rod uce GM I cro ps I that can grow in harsh environments . jill I b Choose the Iwo strongest arguments fo r or against CM food from your text. read two arguments. The world's population is now six billion and will grow to eight billion by 2020 and perhaps eleven billion by 2100. so the s tro ng I pesticides have been used un ti l now will become a thing of the past. UnlllO The world around us . Fill the boxes with the words in Exercise 1. 2 It is only in this way that we will be able to I feed I the world 's exploding population. It is now possible to create "super rice" with increased fertility and resislance to disease a nd insects. we arc Oll now able to change the I genes I in plants. 5 AnQther serious obh:<:lion is that growing GM crops in close proxi mity 10 other crops means 2 Explain why you think the y are the most that those crops wi ll be I contaminated I. 3 Fi nally.~ b Listen carefully and fill in the rest oflhe blanks. 1 The issue of [I====G M ~L====I foods is a controversial one .

Group Bread the text on poge 151. students can check their answers with others from the some group. the longuage of presenting an argument for and against is used.. In Exercise 2b. . is .Objectives Grammar reported speech Topic: GM food Vocabulary GM food Reading Writing Ustening a debate Speaking discussing GM food a magazine orticle a discursive essay Write GM food on the board. Ask What does GM stand for? Whol sort of food is genetically modified these days? Hove you ever eoten GM food? Whars the law on GM food in this country? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: GM food As 8 closs. one A and one B. using a table they have coped from Exercise 3a into their notebooks. is lhal . Do the first as an example. You may need 10 play and pause the recording to give students time to write answers. Then give studen ts a minute to prepare what thoy want to say about GM food. or Against (if they are B) al the top of a page in their notebook. Make sure that thoy exchange and write down each other's information. You may wish 1 write the longuoge below on the board to help students do Ihis and 0 loler activities: Useful language The moin argument in favor of . ask them to describe and explain their argu mellts in pairs. and holp with problems. This is a good wov of mixing students and crealing more interadion. Aa students do Exercise 3b. The main reason for . discuss the vocabulary in the box in Exercise la . monjtor.. . In the activity and loler in the lesson. Tell students not to worry about the other blanks at this stage. @ @ •• 3 Readin g skills This is a jigsaw reading. Put students in pairs.. Divide the closs into fWo equal halves. 2 Listening skills Ask students to fill in the boxes in Exercise 2a wilh words from exercise t . in which students read different passages and try to put together their understanding of the text to make it whole. in poirs.. ask students to fill in the rest of the blanks first.. then elicit comments from the class. is . Groups A and B. Then ask students 10 stand up and find a portner from the other group who has read a different text. The mosl convincing orgument against . The main problem with / drawback of / concern with . The oudioscripl for Track 48 is on IXlge n07 ~ The world around us T 106 Unit 10 . When Ihey have finished. walk around the class. Let students check their answers with a partner when they have finished. Put students in groups of fou r to discliss their ideas.. Tell UlOm they havo nvo minutes to read their text and outline arguments.. in exercises 3b and 5. When students have finished. is .. Tell them to write For (if thoy aro A). they then sit down and do exercise 3b together. Then play the recording again. Group A read the text on poge 106. Play the audio and ask students to listen and check.

F urthermore. Model the activity by matching tho fi rst reported statement to the direct speech in ~xercisc 2n (section 11 as a class. Sometimes. we are now able 10 change the genes in plants. GM allows us to produce bask loodstuffs beller and more cheaply. scientists can now produce GM crops thai can grow in harsh environments. as they will need these notes to write thei r essay. and people with nut allergies are experiencing allergic readioos to these tomatoes. divide students into groups of four or five to completo a fo rlagainst table. ore changes to were. and this has caLlsed a lot 01 debate. such as areas that used to lose crops through flooding or extreme heal. As you know. He said thaI he it. which should please everyone. we changes to they. by forcing GM crops on poorer notions. in 1. I disogree completely with GM crops. go through the answers as a class. Second. will be to would be. so Ihe strong pesticides that have been used until now will become a thing of the pas!. In 2. Woman I agree with the first speaker that the issue 01 GM crops is controversial. e. the pronoun changes. this may prove 10101. He lells ~ me to be quiet. from are to were. fired. whal it might do to animals and human beings. Anolher serious obieCtion is thai growing GM crops in close proximity to olher crops means lhatthose crops will be contaminated. Ask the groups to decide what their viewpoint is.we can already do thot if we slop using all our land to raise CQ'NS and pigs for food. 5 Writing skills In Exercise 5a. Monitor and help with questions and confusions.4 Grammar rev iew and extension: reported speech [n Exercise 4a. Common problems and errors Forgetting to change tense. And in answer to the argument about feeding the world . II has already been proved that implanting a gene con introduce all sorts 01 problems into the food chain: lor example. There is often confusion between the verbs soyond felf. Peaple In these areas will now have enough to eat. In some cases. Answe rs: Changes: Verbs go one tense back. This could be sot for homework. has caused changes to !Jad caused. II is only in this woy that we will be able to leed the world's exploding population. Make sure that everybody fi lls in the columns. in 1.g. At the end. GM crops will be resistant to insects. My opinion is that GM crops will be with us lorever. Quick grammar guide The main thing tho! students need to grasp when reporling speech is the ·one tense back'" tense chonge. First. ask students to read through the reported statements. therelore. Common mistakes include wroog placement of to and incorred use of on objed pronoun after soy. e. Finally. 0 gene from BraZil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes. The teacher &9t" !fie Ihe onswers. UnillO T 107 TheWOl"ldaroundus . lor these reasons. Ask students to follow the inslmctions in Exercise sd to write thei r ind ividual essays. Put students in pai rs to work on Exercises 4a through 4e. for or against GM food. will become changes to would becom e. ~~--------------~ For Exercise 2 00 Poge 106 iii. we are pulling them into a position where they wilt no longer be able to grow non-GM food.g. but my agreement stops there. Mon The Issue 01 genetically modified loods is a controversial one. My main objection is thot we really don't know what genetic modification does 10 a plant and. etc. for very good reasons.

4 Grammar review and extension: reported speech a Look at these reported statements from the debate in Exercise 2.. Scientists have rocently produced GM super rice. Paragraph 1: introduce the topic Paragraph 2: list the arguments for GM food Paragraph 3: list the arguments against GM food Last paragraph: summarize your viewpoint and conclude the essay. Reported: He said GM food had enormous potenlial. section 1 2 He predicted that the strong pesticides that had boon used unlit now would bocome a thing of the past.. The developed world can help tho third world.Simple present "- eM food bas enormous potential. Your essay should have four paragraphs and be between 200 and 250 words long. Use different reporting verbs. In pairs. will. Find the direct speech in Exercise 2a. Modals: can. and list tho changes you find. He said . c Go through the arguments for and against GM food in this lesson and sum up your position. d Write a discursive essay with the title Is GM food a positive or negative development? Follow the notes below and use you r notes for this lesson. c Usc your answers to Exerciso 4b and your knowledge of reported speech to complete this table. 5 Writing skills a In groups .. Theworld around us Uni!10 .. argue. say.g. ' . They exported food from Ethiopia.Present perfect Direct: Reported: Past perfect '-Direct: . ...Simple past Direct Reported: ' . Write them in the for/aga inst table in Exercise 3a.... He said . explain. section 4 4 She argued that growing GM crops in close proximity to other crops meant that those crops would be contaminated. He said scientists . should Direct: Reported: Direct: '-- Reported: Direct: Reported: d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 110. We should all be aware of the problems. Use the information in this lesson and your own ideas. .. and that had caused a lot of debate. Direct: "- Present progressive Direct: We IlJ'(l not saying that all eM crops are dangerous. He said we . Reported: He said they were .. '. Also use the plan for writing on page 47. e.. Reported: He said they . "- They bad already started the trials. section 5 b In pairs. e Look at the text you read in Exercise 3a. tell. compare the direct speech sentences in Exercise 2a with the reported speech above. report other things that the author said. The world's population will grow to eight billion by 2020. b How do these arguments fo r and against relate to your country? Agree on the greatest threats and opportunities that GM food represents for your country. predict. think of as many reasons as you can for and against eM food.. He said tbey . section 3 3 The woman explained that implanting a gene could introduce all sorts of problems into the food chain.. 1 The man claimed that they were able to change the genes in plants. claim .

odorless. greenhouse gases.4 degrees Fahrenheit..5-1 0. Globally. have seen a four degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. etc. The rise in temperature is called global warming. \. Of these.. Grou p B: Read quickl y through the text at the bottom of the opposite page. The latest predictions for the 21st century are for an increase of 2. e. air temperature increased by one degree Fahrenheit in the 20th century but some regions. Group A: Read quickly through the text below... If globa l warm ing is really h appening.g. ) by the questions in the list above that your text answ ers and make brief notes about them. c Work in pairs of A and B students. have been the main causes of climate change in recent years...7 l degrees in the last 150 years. - \. there will be no w ater.... Answer your partner's questions. In others . r l It---- . The greenhouse effect is caused by both natural and human activity. only desert. rainfall . change in land use. Scientists believe the m ain reaso n for Ihis is that we are putting too much 2 ~ into the 3 atmosphere .. Some scientists believe the temperature is going to continue rising. You have only three m inutes to do this. but some people say 4 global warming is a m yth they say there have always been 5 cl jmate changes on earth and it's too earl y to say w h ether this parti cular change is part of a norm al cycle or something unusual. non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of the air d the normal temperatures. it mean s the sea level will rise Ilnd in some cou ntries thi s w ill cause catastrophic flo od ing.. Group A text The greenhouse effect is the orocess where heat js unable to escape from the earth's atmosphere. such as carbon dioxide.. which causes the temperature of the earth to rise... or the earth e the air around the earth f temporary conditions in the air. hot or cold .lesson4 Climate change > 2 Task Read these frequent ly asked questions about global warming. 1 global warming b 2 CO2 (carbon di oxide) c 3 Prepare a You are going to look for the answers to some of the questio ns in a short text. sunny or rainy b Fill in the blanks in the text with fiv e of the key words. Ask yo ur partner the questio ns that your text didn't answer and take notes. Th e teacher will di vide the class into two groups.. These p redictions are based on a number of factors and are not absolute. a region. which is a ma jor cause for concern. t UnillO The world around us . Can yo u answer an y of them? • • • • • • • • What exactly is t he green house effect? A Is climate change a natu ral or human-caused phenomenonWhat are the possi ble effects of cli mate change? B '--' Wilt there be any benefits associated with climate change? B How much climate change has been observed up till now? Is pl anting more trees a way of solvi ng global warming? B '--" Are there any alternatives to coal and oil? B Who is responsible fo r greenhouse gas emissions and climate change? B • How do scientists estimate the climate of the futu re and how reliabl e are their projections? A • What are the current estimates for 21st centu ry cli mate change? A 1 Warm u p a Match these key words with the defin itions.. and greenhouse gases all cause climate change. Scientists estimate their predictions for the future ~ knowledge of historical climate Change and comp uter models of the climate system . Studies carried out by scientists into climate change in the last century show that volcanic activity. of a country.- 'r--' I Wha t is globa l warming? The earth's temperature has risen by 0. b Put a check (. Can you an swer all the questions n ow ? '--' 3 atmosphere e 4 degrees a 5 climate d 6 weather f a un its that are used for measuring temperature b the increase in te mperature that has been taking place in recenl years v '--- "---' c a colorless.. such as Alaska.

the other half B. t . Label half the groups A. Then put them in pairs and give them one mar£! minute to compare answers. Ask the pairs to discuss their texts until they can answer all the questions. Divide the class into pairs of A students and B students. 0 2 Task A good way of doing this is a pyramid discussion. Let students briefly check answers with people in their group. and give them one more minute to compare answers one fmal time. present perfect F AOs on a Web site F page AQ Write global warming on the board.. and write them on the board. first conditional. Ask students to read the text in Exercise l b quickly for a general understanding before fill ing in the blanks. then check with a partner. Give students one minute to read and nole answers to the questions. 1 Warm up Ask students to match words and definitions in Exercise la .Objectives Grammar Topic: climate change Vocabulary climate change Reading extracts from a science book. divide the class into groups of four. Ask Do you think this is Q serious problem? What factors ore causing global worming? Elicit as many suggestions as you con from students. The best way to do this is to ask students to stand and then find and sit with someone who has read a d iffe rent text. 3 Prepare If you haven't done so already. going 10. making a group of four. an Writing Ustening a college seminar wifl. Then put one pair with another pair. The world around us T 108 Unit 10 . Ask students to read and check the questions in Exercise 2 that their text answers.

Stop the audio after each question and remind students what numuer they are on. Tell them to take turns asking and answering the questions in Exercise 2. thanks. how much climate change has been observed? Tutor In the 20th century. f 0 make electricity Understand? Student 2 Yes.. Naruml (mise. I think we'd better get on to . Moderate global worming will favor some fmmers. going fram extreme~ Uoit lO T 109 The world around us . Discuss the answers as a class. 5. 9. 6 Play the audio again. Student 3 So. especially if the trend continues.is it natural ar human? Tutor The green bouse effect is coused by both natural and human activity. and I'm sure you're aware of them . such as effects on the migration of birds sgme species at birds will be forced tq migrale tq different plgces gnd some won'l need 19 mimgle gnymme so it upsets the balance of nature.lhe signs me worrying gnd we'd be foolish tq iQ nme lhem Tutor The 21st century? They soy there'll be on increase of between 2. Before we talk serious~ about the next block of work do you hove any questions on climate change? Student 1 Yes. what exactly is the greenhouse effect? Tutor Okay. Play the audio one more time. 49'_-------------------------------------------------------------------. yes.it sounds great to mel So whO! are the effeds of climale change? Tutor Well. pot1iculgt1y in dry megs wh ere there'll be mme rgin Student 3 How do we know about this? I mean.5 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit. we don't really know. The climate of the earth has changed many times in the post. is milch worse. but the pidure isn't all black. they estimate on the basis of historical climate chonge ond computer models of the climate system. I'm ofraid. let me explain a lillie certain gases ow 1ffi!llale aad trop tbe beat like a barrier Ibot tbe beal con't QeJ lhrouah So Ihe heal is lurned bgd: jnlo tbe gtmosphere and the tempergture rfses Is thgl clear? Student 1 Yes. but haw do they know it will continue? How do scientists estimate the rate of climate change? Is it reliable? Tutor Well.there's wind energy. Is it reliable? Well. •• Answers: Additional information is underlined in the audio script. Student 4 What ore scientists prediding about this century? ""'Student 2 But is it all bad? Wan" there be any benefits from climate change? Tutor Not many. that is huge and very worrying. which means the countries of lhe developed world hove been mostly responsible for greenhouse gases sa for. 00 ils owo Ibis jsn't enot I~b to stop or even reduce global wmmiM IhouQh we hove to cui down on our production pf greenhouse QQsgs Whallhgr megns is we hgve to stoP using fossil fuels Student 3 Are there any alternatives to cool and oil? Tutor Well. who's responsible for all these emissions and climate change? Tutor GreenbOuse Iloses bove been increasing since the Induslrjal RevoluJjOD two hundred years ago. using one or Iwo of the phrases from Exercise 6. increasing the forest meas will help to slow down global worming because plants and trees reduce tbe effe<ts of carbon dioxide. so lhere'li be mgre floods and droughts Seq levels will rise jn some cOQstgl megs gnd some low-lyiM islgnds mgy be lost completely under the hot to extremely cold. But humgn activiJ:. con you tell us ogain. solar power. Okay. Now. let me give you some examples the usg at cm god gircraft filel lactorv emissions gases IISed in freez ing 01[ of th ese add to greenhoUSE Illlses and couse climate change. 2. yes. 3. Tutor TbO hmnessinQ the power O the tides ond 'Ising it 1 t<. LeI students compare the notes they make with a partner before going through UlC answers as a class. but the future is likely to be different as we become more aware of the problem. Answers: 1. Is that okay? Student 3 Yeah. Ask students to listen and order tho FAQs. and discuss their use with a partner. let me put it like this . The greenhouse effe<t is the process in which heat can't escape from the earth's atmosphere and which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. there are some pretty bad effects. 7 Follow up Model the activity brielly with a good sludent. but some regions like Alaska have seen 0 four-degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. 4.. 10. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. But what exoclly causes this global worming .. so there's a lot of disagreement in the scientific world about global worming. Developing countries that don't have the money ta search for alternative sources of fuel will produce more greenhouse gases tban the United States and Europe. A good example of the effects is the balance of woler: water resources wilt increase or decrease. Tutor Well.<.. Ask the first question then briefly improvise a conversation with the student. Monitor carefull y. the ice ages. 4 Feedback Briefly discuss the results with the class. Student 2 What I can't understand is why everyone thinks a rise in temperature is bad . thanks. Student 1 Con't we stop this? I've heard that planting Irees is a way of solving the prablem. everyone. noting mistakes and prompting students to use the phrases they have studied. bUl lbesg sources of power need to be developed. Tutor Good morning. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissioDs. and wove energy. ineilJde volcanic activity for example. In re<ent years. 6 Notice .•. 7. Ask students to look at the phrases. thars much bener. 8 . Student 2 I don't understand wove energy. The rise in temperature is called global worming. Put students in pairs. air temperature increased by about one degree Fahrenheit.

There will.... but on its own this is not enough 10 stop global warming.. 7 Follow up [n A and 8 pairs. Group B text Climate change will force some species of birds to migrate: water resources will increase or decrease. ask and answer the FAQs again.. Number the FAQs in the order you hear them . Sea levels will ri se in some coastal areas. '--. clarify something What that means is . however. in the fu ture.. This time.. Ask about any questions you were unable to answer... There are ways of attempting 1 slow climate change. For this to happen. (The words may be slightly different... two hundred years ago.4 Feedback .. One way to do this is to cut down on our use of fossil fuels like coal and oil. Moderate warming will fayor some fanners. 5 Compare Listen to a college seminar about climate change.. introduce an example 4 5 6 7 Is that okay? check on understanding Let me put it like this . In recent years.. clarify something Understand? check 011 understanding 8 Let me give you some examples... and use the phrases from Exercise 6.. The world around us . Some areas will have more water and more synshine. 6 Notice ~ Listen to the seminar again. 1 00. be some benefits. clarify something. such as replanting and increasing the area of the wortd's 0 forests. cla rify something 2 Is that clear? check on understanding 3 A good example o r . try to make your answers as full as possible. which of course means that the countries of the developed world so far bear the main responsibility for greenhouse gases. we must cut down on OlIr production of carbon dioxide.. because plants and trees reduce Ihe effects of carbon dioxide. or chock 011 understanding? 1 Lei me explain .. However... . How are these phrases used? Docs each one introduce an example. introduce aD example Tell the class how many questions you could answer. there will be more floods and droughl . \..) Listen again and make notes of any additional infomlation to an swer the questi ons. Climate change is not entirely new: greenhouse gases have been increasing since the Industrial Revolution. developing countries like India and China will produce more greenhouse gases than the United Stales and Europe. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissions... which is possible but must be done gradually: coal and oil can be replaced over a period of lime by wind energy and solar DOWer..which in turn will cause infectious diseases to spread. There will be heatwaves and more air pollution.

neither of the books Choose t he correct quantifier. sardines. ought to. envelopes We can use the COlI'ltabie quantifiers with a pltral noun if we add of the: each of the books. . ~ She said she was thinking about it..r 3 (a) little 4 hardy any quantities ".. 2 E c. paint... ~~ . potatoes. e. like 'ther each 0 hem.. mineral water. many books 2 a lot of books I a lOt of money 3 a great deal! a good deal of money 4 several books 1 some books I some money 2 (a) few books 3 (a) little money 4 hardly any books I 2 a 101 01 medium quantities 3 a great deal! a good deal of 4 several Sm all 2 pllI<II COU'ltabie or uncountable 3 uncountable 4 pural countable 1 plural countable or uncountable 2 plural countable 3 uncountable 4 p/lxal countable pkxal COlJ'llabie Remember that the pronouns in reported speech often change. 4 "I have a dream...Xltabie none 01 the books I none of ... bo1I1 meet you tomorrow. soda. and moves one step back Into the past: I have an idea. (the speaker's opinion) B..ral COLf1table or two-thirds of Negative q uantities ' ''' 2 rl9Ither 3 rona Of the money no book I no books I ro money """""- 2 sngJIar countable 2_ 3 3 pItxaI countable or lI'lCOI. matches. oil . . home 2 (a) fev.. Bottle '-' 2 Modal verbs + active and passive We often use the paSSiVe after modal verbs: beer. Report these st atem ents. cookies Add these item s t o th e correc t column. ." J" Carto n AJI student in class should have a textbook. wine.. it is better to use a variety of verbs when reporting speech.e.g said . They said they could find it. He said I should hsten to her. tomorrow . instant coffee. cereal. argue. or a plant implant Cars should not be parked on the sidewalk.g.uncoco_ 1 "I have discovered a new land. animal. yogurt. 1 Wool u like~ neither of these coats? No.. 3 each book The modaJ verbs. 1 a chemical used to kill insects pesticide 2 harm a substance by passing or spread ing chemicals to it contami nate 3 give food to feed 4 the complete set of genes in a living thing genome 5 put something into a person... should. ca l food honey. She said she had heard of that pIaco. ~ She said she had an idea. ... I'm thinking about it. had seen.. d etergent Seat belts should be worn at all times. """'" 4 ""'" book 5 an the books I compJete the form.g. I was thinking about it . announce.. (an objective suggestiorv'recommendation) Should and ought to in the passive are often used for rules: 2 GM food biotechnology contaminate crops feed flood food chain gene genome GM Implant pesticide resistant Find five GM word s to match these definitions . I saw. The most common reporting verbs are say and Ieli. VoJhen we make suggestions or express obligations using the passive.Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of quantifiers Type Inc lusive The past perfect does r"IOt change: I had heard of this place. She said she had been thinking about/to Unit lO The world around us . . Precise 1 half (o~ quantities 2 a quarter I or UI'lCOlI'ltabie 1 si1guIar/pk... 4 She doesn't ha~ a little friends in her town." Neil Armstrong said .. Adverbs of place and time often change too. tOOls. admit. k:e cream... e. . . this place . ~ She said she had had an idea. 5 "This is one small step for a man. I have had an idea. He said I ought to """". You should listen to her. shaving cream . 3 "I'll lOve you forever. 3 I invitee. and would do not change: You ought to compiete the form . butter chocolate.. I ~ she and we . orange juice.. lemonade. . jam.. claim. olives.@) some my friends but only fffW ~f them came to the party.. both of the books... chips. i.. Ihe next day. " Martin Luther KJ-.." Caesar said . we don't see it as being imposed by the speake(: You ought to IIlV6St more in road-bUilding. e .. and had cOOiluered .. the suggestiorv'obIigatiOn is ~ive. hardy any money 1 half (oQ the books 2 a quarter of the 1 2 "I came.. I conquered. ointment baked beans.g.. c andy. many . money Vocabulary Summary 1 Containers Tube toothpaste. I don'. shaving cream candy peanut butter envelOpes butter sardines detergent oil shampoo cat food More ought to be invested in road-building. Some modal verbs change in reported speech: Quantifiers Followed by noun 1 plural COLf1table Examples 1 both books 2 either book We can find it . that place. Neil Armstron g said this was one small step fOT a man .. Bo. predict.to'" Large or . they in the examples above. JUliet!" Romeo swore . s hampoo . Mart in Luther King sai d he had a dream." Columbus claimed he . 3 Reported speech In reported speech the verb usually changes tense. lemonade. Columbus daimed he had discovered a new land... peanu t bu tt er milk. Caesar said he had com e.. However. We will . They said they would meet us 2"''''' 3_ 4 ""'" 5 aI ~he) 2 sOgUar COLf1table J singtJar COU"Itabie 4 SirlgLW COlI"lIabie 5 plural coootabIe or the next day.. Romeo swore that he would love Juliet forever.

write the paragraph individually. lEI f ~ g Brainstorm ideas that are relevant to the question.!: ~ ~ z - C) Editing your work 1 Thinking about writing a Make a list of all the different types of things you have written in English. punctuation. organize the ideas that your g roup thought of. dd-fl. c Read the text written by a person studying EngliSh. and show your partner how you recorded it. .Oi!l:.. correct ing all the errors you found. it is important to read for a number of reasons. 3 Editing a text a In pairs. III a III b iii c III d IKI e Organize your ideas into a structure with a beginning.. 4 Applying the stages a The student who wrote the essay in Exercise 1 did not finish the last paragraph.) d Is this student's experience of writing in English the same as yours? If not. Note: you will need to show a classmate the final version of your paragraph and your drafts at the end of Unit 11 . You w ill need to look at all 01 these features very carefu lly. c Exchange your revised essay with another pair of students. Give it a title. how is it different? e In groups. Ji><1 '" alt.can you improve each other's methods? CompeO/ltg a fYa'rnmtLy ~ 'W~ng a ~ m an b Compare your list with a partner. Revise your first draft and check for structure and content. Ust a number of reasons to support the argument.6er GLOSSARY draft {of a lext] unfinished stage in developing writing proofread read something to find and mark errors for correction b In pairs. and punctuation carefully. Conclude the essay in one or two sentences.. write the last paragraph of an essay about reading in English. c When you are ready. The paragraph begins: Although reading in English can be very difficult. brainstorm and note ideas for this parag raph. The world around us UnitlO . Use the stages in Exercise 2 to help you. Gan they improve your wriling? ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: editing your work Using the recommended stages in Exercise 2. Write your first d raft from the beginning to the end. Look at the stages below. First of all. look at the notes on g rammar that you made at the end of Unit 9. (Do not worry about the errors in the 0<:: :::) [ngt. go back to the essay in Exercise 1 and edil it. and structure. The first sentence is: b Together.m.. Reorder them according to the most efficient way of writing an essay. Rewrite the text and produce your final essay. Read their version of the essay and improve it if you can . d Exchange your work w ith a partner. Ii. A. how you worked out the ru les and meaning. rewrite the essay. The paragraph should be no more than 120 words long. is ~?np.rtanl !:c 'wrJe '" """""". Student 8: Look at the spelling. the grammar the spelling the content the structure punctuation Student A: Look at the grammar and the content. Explain the grammar you looked at.. . Read the essay litle or question carefu lly and decide why you are writing it and who you are writing it for. I<l<l REVIEW Review your action plan: wonting with written grammar In pairs.sh eMm o >o --' LU > LU o CL text. a middle. Keep all your d raft texts as well as your final version. They are in the wrong order. In groups. discuss what you find difficult abOut writing in English. and an end.!lIuYug!. spelling. l'/"r"J:mg on [~ can hJy Ie 'W!¥)f a n1l. Compare ways of record ing .. checking grammar. Proofread your final essay. 2 Exploring the stages involved in writing an essay There are a number of recommended stages in writing a formal essay.

Gripping stuff! 2 1. and it shows some promise. GLOSSARY p rov~calive 25 30 C** Another one In the theme of "put a group of young people together and see what happens". this show hasn't managed to generate much excitement in spite of the good-looking cast and the provocative theme. K 2 People talk about them. 4 P **· 35 causing comment. so everyone wanls to see them. This is hugely popular. showing for more than ten ** OK for a couple 0 years.S. y :4 Would you ever take part in one of these shows? Why? I Why not? 20 3 Liste n i ng skilis ~ It Two spoiled young rich girls leave their posh Beverly Hills homes to go and live in a small town in Arkansas.I Read tho reviews of four reality TV shows. Can the participants survive on what they find on the island? What will they eat? This hasn't been running as long as the other shows. K 1 Rea lity T V shows arc something new. M. c Figure out tho meaning of the followin" words and oxpressions from the context. very entertaining. More than one person may give the same reason. Choose the rating you think the reviewer gave each show. Despite the number of similar shows now produced.1 Speaking skills Look at the pictures and answer the questions. anger.5 A d III groups.Ieollie are watching in the evening 2 gnppl~lg sluff (line 13) exciting SUbjllcl 3 cast (lllIe 21) people appearing in the s how 4 switch to (line 22) change channels 5 sett ing (line 32) placellocation 6 would-be slars (line 38) people who wan I 10 be fam ous 1 B* *" **** Excellent . There they have to cope with living on a farm and working in a fast-food resturant . * the channel. reality show and it has been worth watching. in the Pan -American Song Contest."'-' miss it. what is the fascination of re~ lit y TV? ~~y w~ether you agree or disagree With Ih e oplll lOns III Exercise 3b. The concept . P 5 These shows give people a kind of power over olher peop le's lives. Which of the shows in the pictures are mentioned? ~ b Listen again. Reality TV on your screens this week Adrian Soloman reviews the current reality TV shows. Quite frankly. 1 1 What kind arTV shows do you think they come from? Z \o~h at makes people wanl to appear in this kllld of show? Z Readin g skills . (psyc hologist). c In yo ur opi nion . " 1 primo-timo slot (line 10) a time in when il lot . training to do concerts. 3 Listen to a phone-in program. and the winners have become national superstars with their albums. The young would·be stars in recent episodes have been competing to see who is going to represent the U. P 3 People like scandal and watch in case anyt hing happens! M 4 People get involved in the shows.a group episodes. ThiS was the first modern *** Very interesting. but the beautiful setting is not enough to stop boredom taking over after a while. Match each rev iew with one orthe pictures.de. Unit 11 Medio . Below are some reasons for the popu larity of reali ty TV shows. Chan¥ weeks and filmed for 24 hours a day .is as fascinating as ever and still claims a 10 prime· time slot in the evening. excitement prom ise {nl (here] potential to do well 40 A group of unknown musicians spend all their time in an academy. h Road tho reviews again. Who gives these reaso ns? Write K (Kate). if there's 5 of young people locked up in nothing better or a house together for several A big yawn. They like gossip. 1 Which of the shows sounds the most interesting as a TV show? Z Which reality shows have you seen'" \Vh did you watch them? . but the action takes place on a beautiful Pacific island . M (Myriam) or p. none has beaten the original idea.of 1 . discuss these questions. P G People are nosy. Switch to the big movie on ChannelS instead.

The audiascript for Track 50 is on page nl3 :ill Media T 112 Unil ll . talk show. •• Show students how to guess what the words mean by looking at context. sitcom. Answers: Reality TV programs. Ask students to find prime-time slot in the text ond underline il.rs to discuss the questions in Exercise 1 briefly.Objectives Grammar present perfect progressive Topic: reality TV Reading a TV program review Writing Ustening Speaking discussing TV a review of Q TV show a radio phone-in programs Write TV programs in the middle of the board. Lei stude nts check their an swers in pairs before discu ssing them as a class. drama series. Answers: Big Broth er (8). Let students work in pairs to discuss words and expressions in Exercise 2c. and write them on the board. quiz show. Elicit as many different types of programs as you con from students. •• 2 Reading skills Allow four min utes for students to do Exercise 2a. Then have them share answers with the whole class. American Idol (0) In Exercise 3b . Ask studen ts to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d in groups of four or fi ve and then have a brief class discussion . want to test themselves in difficult circumstances. realily TV. Ask How often do you walch TV? Who! kind of programs do you walch? What kind of programs do you never watch? TV programs: news and current affairs. Ask Whal pon of speech is if? Answer: compound adieclive and noun. documentary. Ask students to listen an d say which shows are mentioned . lifestyle program. breakfast TV Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Put students in pai. Ask What clues in the sentence help you figure oul/he meaning? Answer: In Ihe evening tells students that a prime-time slot must be a ·slor in the evening lV schedule. soap opera. want to win a lot of money. People want to be fa mous. Allow them to check their answers to Exercise 2b in pairs. Do the first one as on example. want to have a career in the media. ask studen ts to listen to the audio again and put the correct letter next to each reason. Guessing meaning from context 3 Listening skills Play the audio fo r Exercise 3a. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise 3c.

.. then ask students in pairs to match forms to rules. The olher big hH is "Operoci6n T n'unfd" . it wos something nfNI . even the mosl serious. we've also been wotching a show obout young artists. Quick grammar guide.fJ"e eeeR we(~Rf/ lote losl week. Of. course. Ask students to ch oos e the best forms in Exercise 4d. then trained. Myriom . I also think people liKe the power that voting gives them.. Host Ah. Unit 11 T 113 Media . of course. _on 5 Writing skills Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise Sa . and which are not that interested.. some of them. Now. welcome to the show. OIer there "Gran Hermono: you know. yes. one day. And of (ourse we hod Big Brother. Thank you. so everyone wants to see it. a bn like our American Idol .and also because everyone's been talking about it. Lead in briefly by eliciting names of popular reality TV programs that have been shown recently or are on currently. because the people in it still go about their lives. and rea~ty TV in particular. Here in the USA. I think we humans ore fascinated by prying into other people's lives. we've been watching reality TV since the earty days of Condid Comero in the 1940s. we also like to control other people and hove some influence on their lives. so it really has spread around the world. Neil. good morning to you. Myriom That's been running for years now. Host Now. Host Right. It's coiled The Academy. Find out which students a re "hooked" on these shows. wotching them! Host Even though those lives are. In lad. ever since the arrival of Big Bro/heron Dutch 1V. but in the rest of the world Reality TV has become a big thing in recent years. Professor Weinberg. who is in the States doing her Masters Degree. of course. good morning and welcome 10 the show. they kind 01 control people's lives. Encourage pairs to comment on each other's work. Myriom Hi. Myriom. Weinberg And there's one more factor. Ask them to tell you which form is being used in each example. at some point. When they are ready.~--------------------------~ for Exercise 3 on Page 112 " Host Welcome back to liveline. on the solo. The viewer hopes that maybe. people get incredibly invotved in them. wos incredibly popular. attemative ~. Irs sod but true. chosen. Kate . have you been wotching all these real ity shows? Kate Wel l. in a game? Weinberg You mean like in Big Brolhet1Yes. I've been living in Spain. I just got bock. They've mode a lot of those shows in the lost lev. I see. like Cristina-those are the most popular ones. Host Yeah. remind students to read the Language Note. over several months _ it's been massive in Spain. Host Whot about reality 1V shows in Mexico? Are they popular? Host You mean we love to be nosy? Weinberg RighI. you know. some juicy gossip might come out. ask pairs to swap r eviews. thars really interesting. and they forget aboutlhe cameros. so lers ask her the some question. perhaps. You see.. thars it _ people who wont to be pop stars are auditioned. Kate? Kate I think irs. the present participlel is different from the present perfecl simple in that it emphasizes duration and unfinished activity Common problems ond errot'$ Students may use a simple presen t tense to refer to something that started in the past and tha t continues up to now. Big Brother. _ periect~ The present perfect progressive (have + been + -ing. so why don't you give us a call and give us your toke on reality 1V? Now lers go to our first coller. Ask each pair to follow the steps in Exercise sb to write their review.and this. Another common error is using the present perfect progressive fo r a finished event in the recen t post with a time reference: I J. Host Why do you think these reality 1V shows ore so popular? Myriom Well. How do you explain the enormous popularity of rea lity 1V? Weinberg Well. Point out that the easiest way to organize the review is to organize it under the headings in exercise Sa . But you know whars really popular in Mexico? Irs that kind of discussion and debate show....W'ho is staying on the show or who has been voted oft. in Spain 01 least. the main reason was the nove~ value .. I think there are several reasons. Kate. This morning we wont to know who! you think. Now. MVOOm Well. We love to watch others go about their doily lives while we're sitting there. Kate. on the line I have Myriom Sanchez from Mexico. Kate Good morning. I gather we have a psychologist on the line.' years. knows little about them. as your previous coller said. Kate. is also what the program makers hope. Kate . you know who! I mean? Host Yes.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive Have students read the examples in Exercise 4a. like.. Before leaving the topi c . where English would use the present perfect: l /We in Buenos Aires since 1995. or something might happen in the bedroomsadly. Host Thanks very much. Today we're talking aboUllY. Host Why do you think thot is. Then try to pair enthusiastic reality TV fons with a partner who. this is what often attracts people to shows like Blind Trusl . like in Big Bro/her . as well. The program where they voted on the first series was probably the most watched program eNer _ and mode front-page nOW'S on every nOW'Spaper. Host RighI.

1 What is the aim of the show? 2 Where does it take place'? 3 What kind of people take part? (the public? celebrities?) 4 How do they spend their time? I What do they have to do? 5 What is the public opinion of the show? 6 What is your opinion of the show? b Follow these steps to write a brief review of the show with your partner. Sam has worked I has been working for me since I star/ed the company. or balanced? Think of a few suitable ad jectives to describe the show. We use the present perfect simple to express repeated actions and completed actions.. (l'wo of the examples match one explanation. m on 5 5 Wri ting skills a In pairs. then check it and edit it. 4 Write your review together.. really has spread around the world..". Make notes of any other information that you might wan I to include.:"rrr~::re: Peace.. 1 Look at the reviews in Exercise 2. It's very popular. 2 Decide how to organize your review: which information comes first I at the end? 3 Is your review going to be positive.. the w inners have become national 1 I've learned ~ 'I'e been leu min panish for five years but I"m s I no vm' ood! 2 [ 'm not feeling well rve been coughing I've coughed all day. Match the examples with the explanations below. c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 120. 'o. c This focuses on a completed action with a result in the present.'. 3 I've been living in Spain. Media Unit 11 . We usually do this with verbs that express actions tha t continue over quite a long time. 4 superstars . 2 .) 1 It has been showing for more than ten years.. d Choose the best form of the verb in the following sentences. b Use your answers to write simple or progressive in the rules . negative.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive a Look at these examples from the reviews and the phone-in. 4 Big Brother . a This focuses on an action that is completed. 3 ['ve been seeing € e seli!YBig Brolher only four ·mes.. c Swap your review with another pair. We use the present perfect progressive to focus on the continuation or the duration of an activity. b This focuses on the continuation and I or the du ration of the action.. d This focuses on the number of times the action has been done. answer the following questions about a reality TV show you both know. 5 They've made a lot of those shows in the last few years. Do you know the show thai they wrote about? Do you agree with their review? LANGUAGE NOTE It is possible with some verbs to use both the present perfect simple or progressive: I've lived here / I've been living here for len years.

..3 Readi ng skills a D0. The next question is "What kind of people do video games attract?" What do you think? Liston to Pari 3 and see if the expert's opinion is the same as yours... DIscuss the questions. cause and motivation for the "killings to some of the 45 15 Professor Akio Mori has been conducting research violent games.... combat. sports? 2 Listening skills @ a ~a lch the tilles with the types of games the box. 1 Speaki ng skills L~ok at the video games on this page. Parents of high!O find it difficult to make school murder victims are in ~ friends. movement and eyesight but 25 very little thinking.S... I 1 2 • magic lorror sports heroic action In ~ b The game designer is asked "What is it that makes these video games so popular?" What do you think? Listen to Part 2 and see if the expert agrees with you.. video game they use IV or video game violence...S...-/ parents want their kids to have imagination and confidence. . permanent . e. 5 make you less creative..g... Then listen to a video game designer talking about the games and check yo ur answers.. yo u .e damage can be the process of suing games . 1 How do you p lay these games? What do you have to do to win? 2 I-low many different kinds of video games can yo u th ink of. 'l1. Video games can make the p layers: more irritable IiJ more violent more depressed 0 more lonely less crealive less sociable less intell igent 0 Jess confi dent fiJ i IE' b Read the newspaper article quickl y and check your answers to Exercise 3a.. they should '--'( persuade them to spend less 30 .. he has video games cause violent 20 carried out exper iments behavior: 57% of Americans with 240 people aged six to questioned thought there 29 .. Professor Mori's research People who play video comes at a time when video games tend to have shorter games have been blamed for attention spans. become more irritable and schools. they causing violence in U.... Video games: bad for your health? GLOSSARY nltentlon Silan the amount of time a person can focus on something without thinking about something else nttrihute (vh) believe something is responsibJu for A situation or event Unil l1 Media .th ink video games can be harmful? In pairs. dlscus~ the queslion and check the possible e ffects that Video games might have... video games over a long doesn 't think that violent period of time. But the into the effects of playing general public in the U. Findings from a recent time playing video games research project in Japan and get them to go out and suggest that tOO much time play with their friends playing video games can instead...if you StOp companies for $130 million playing video games. If "-. 3..and discovered that was no connection between when someone is playing a violence in high schools and . you because they attribute the don't necessarily get better...

sports.5i\ "" ~ Answers: young guys . The oudioscripls for Tracks 51. Then play the audio so that students can find out whether they predicted correctly. 'irritable = a bll bad-tempered and angry de'pressed ::: feeling unhappy cre'ative 'confident t Pronunciation ond 'violent 'lonely = having no friends 'sociable in'telligent meaning Ask students to read the articlc and check their answers in Exercise J b. heroic action. Remind them to check the Glossary. 3 Reading skills Put students in pairs to discuss the question in Exercise Ja . Ask students to listen and check thcir answers.. Aft erwards. Havo a briof class discussion about the question in Exercise 2b.you can lind plenty of adults playing. too. magic. so they attract all ages. futuristi c •• 2 Listening skills Put students in pairs to match titles to games.Objectives Grammar Topic: video games Vocabulary collocotions with video Pronunciation expressing incomplete information Reading Ustening noun clauses using relative clouses a magazine article a radio interview Ask a few general questions to set the scene and help students relate to the topic: Who plays video games? How ollen do you ploy? Woors your favorite game? Who has never played video games? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking ski lls Discuss the question in Exercise 1 as fI class. but you can play them at home I they have the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books . But they appeal to all ages . 52 and 53 are 00 page T261 ::. from six to sixty. Play the audio for Exercise 2a. with the class check the meaning and pron unciation of the adjectives . Do the same for Exercise 2c. they have an active role. Answers: the graphics are incredibly attractive and real I realistic entertainment I simple to play I they have the dynamism of movies. Media T 114 Unilll . thcn play the audio.from as young as six till they become young adults. Elicit suggestions to the board. Suggested answers: combat. . fantasy. Ask them to check the boxes to show their opinion. horror. Elicit different kinds ofvidco games and write thorn on the board .the usc of color is fa ntastic I they involve the players in imagi native ways I in video games viewers take part.

as needed. In sb. ask a few students to read their sentences from Exercise 6c aloud with the class. 2 The thing I really like about them . Answers: In Sa. I\? 1 Something that really a nracls people to videa games is lhe graphics. the speaker's voice is still rising because the statement is incomp lete. The secret 10 gelling students to imitate a good inlOflalion pallern for Ihese sari of noun clauses is 10 get them to try 10 start with their intonation quite high. around the class. and so on. nominating different students to complete each sentence with their own ideas.. then get them to make it go higher and higher leven if it sounds funny!] and then lei it drop suddenly from the word is or ore !like a deflated balloon1. tI Jl 5 Pronunciation: incomplete information Play the audio for Exercise Sa. At the end. with a rising intonation. With the class. paint Qui the structure that all theso noun clauses follow. For Exercise 5d . In Exercise 6a . I? Quick pronundation guide - alternative A useful way to set sludents up for exercise 5d is to start with a whole-closs drill. Qukk grammar guide Noun clauses often contain a noun phrase and are followed by a complement When placed 01 the slart of sentences. Monitor and insist on good intonation patterns.. they are used for emphasis. Give studonts a min ute or two to think about what they can say ahout the subjects in Exercise 5e. They are besllaughl and learned as fixed expressions.. When checking answers with the class.Go through the example carefully so that students are clear about what they need to do in Exen:. put students in pairs to work through the exercises . 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) Ask studonts to match the sentence halves in Exercise 4a . Then nominate an individual to soya first half. Ask a few volunteers to read their best sentences to the class. Ask students to listen and mark the rise and/or fa ll on sentonces 1 and 2. then put them in groups of four or five to share their ideas.ise 3c. Monitor and help. then get the student to complete the statement with falling intonation. and correct as needed. Te ll students that they h ave to remember what the people said on the recordings. Ask students to analyze the intonation. ~ 1 Something that reatly onrecls people 1 0 video games . Then compare answe rs as a class. Ask students to work in pairs to complete the statements in Exercise 4b with their own ideas. 6 Vocabulary: collocations with video Lead in Write video on the board. This way you provide same whole-class practice before doing pair work. Monitor. model the activity with a good stude nt. 2 The thing I really ~ke about them is the dynamism. and then check their answers with a partner. Say the first part of the first sentence. help with ideas. Ask studen ts in pairs to take turns starting and completing sen tences. Model the fi rsi half of each sentence in exercise 4b. Also point out the Language Note.. starting high. Play the audio for Exercise 5b. the speaker's voice falls to show Uwt the statement is finished. Ask students how many words they can think of that collocate with video. Let students chuc k their an swers in pa irs before going through the answers as a class. and anolher the second half. etc. Unilll T 115 Media . discuss the qu estions in Exercise 5c . Write tho structure on the board: Something (tllat) + relative clouse + is/ore +compJement Th e thing (thot).

. as in the example. except two. b the action and the violence.. P8SfJ9RfJi&!B for the increase in violence in Ollr society. (line 44) sue (suing) 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) '---a Complete the sta tements from the listening with the endings on the right.. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games is the g raphics.. 1 lawn._ _ _ __ _"!( c the way lhey're all so male orientated. Researc h 2 ffl\ BfJligBIiBl1fJ into video games and violence have not proven a connection.. [ 71 1 8 .". 1 Video games arc uSllolly more popular with boys than girls..ur ~bi/iW Iii' gp Ih.... b Complete these statements with your own words. Which two? camera cassette cassette record conferendng game arcade phone ~ tape theater b Check tho collocations then answer the ques tions. LANGUAGE NOTE We can reverse the order of the subject (the thing . d the graphics..IW ~ " r. !i{ i'l p . find out whal your classmates like about these activities./J . 2 The thing(s) I don't like about video games 3 Something thai really annoys me about TV ... ) and the complement (the dynamism): The dynamism is the thing 1 really like about them.. 1 Something thaI really attracts me to video games . playing video games watching videos watching DVDs going to the movies surfing the Internet 6 Vocabulary: collocati ons w ith video a All the following words can follow video to form a collocation. Which of the items in Exercise 6a would you use if you wanted: • to speak to someone and look at them at the same time'? Video phone • to make a film of your birthday party? Video camera • to take part in a discussion with colleagues in other cities or countries? Video conferencing • to go somewhere to play games? Video arcade c Complete theso sentences with a collocation from Exercise 6a so that they are true for you. 3 I've never used. [line 7) 'Y1lieo gameS tend to ie mJJYe p:JpUiay ""d:h IxryS than fflls. and why. Then discuss them with a partner. ~ c Has the speaker finished in Exercise Sa? In Exercise 5b? What indicates this? d [n pairs.. 4 The things that may make them attractive to guys are . . Use the correct intonation .. a the dynamism.. (line 16) confidence 3 It is true that too many video games make you lose )'!.. 1::::. 2 Something that really attracts people to video games is . A Something that really annoys me about TV . 1 Something that really attracts people to video games ?! 2 The thing I really like about them ?! Now listen to the complete sentences. 3 The thing I really like about them is .I'l8' .. compare your sentences fro m Exercise 4b.. 2 I often use. tJifdlt:Y hcftilld such mindless acts of violence. but split the sentences. 5 Pro nunciati on : in com p lete inform ati on Listen to the firs t part of two sentences from Exercise 4a... Media Unit 11 . 4 The thing(s) I really like about movies .1 1 e In groups.. (line 29) blame TV 4 People Il~i{lk TV if.c Replace the italic words and expressions in the sentences below with words or phrases from the lex\. 6 Something that really irritates me about reality shows .I . S One thing that"s good about DVDs . ~ 2 The thing I really like ahout them is the dynamism ..." 4 I'd like to have . (line 37) 5 The parents were right to ~ tlie video company /8 88111'/' (line 41) motival~OQ for 6 I really can 'I understand the 1 t.. Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::.I . . Make any other changes necessary. 1 Something that really annoys me about these games is . Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::. is all the commercials.

. In two out of three homes with a TV (61. 1 How do your viewing habits (discussed in Exercise 1) compare with the article? 2 Do you find any of the facts worrying? Which onels)? 3 Are the facts in the article typical of the situation in your coun try? 4 Did TV affect your childhood relationships? If so. The 22% of homes. most homes in the U. In and sleeplessness. and 13% has one in the kitchen. we would talk to each other more. although the than three meters can day on which people watch cause stress. lV viewers.JL% of cases watch a lot of lV.000 U.you 've guessed itthe second part. Only GLOSSARY dumb u a stupid person Unilll Media . then read Part 2 and compare your ideas with the next part of the article. In 21 % it is 6 the chil dren . b Compare your answers with another pair. Part 2 Then check with your teacher. the most TV is Sunday.S. too. Many adults don't even discuss which show to watch: they just get another lV and put it in another room. the more lV we watch. how? (colloquial) read less.TV or no TV? 1 Speaking ski ll s In pairs.S. It is certainly the most popular and most widespread. e In groups. look at Part 1 of an article below and try to complete it. most people spend on only 10% of our brain average 3. look at the information in the article and answer the questions. discuss thl::se questions 1ri. also suggests that if you Only in 7---. On average. It appears that when we watch lV.4 hours watching power. which is discussed in are . 5 the fa ther report. It is widely believed that if we didn't ""have lV. whether somebody is watching it or not. 8 ~ % of th~ d All the questions from Exercise 1 are d iscussed in the most popular shows on TV first part of the article except one. headaches. the less we talk to each other.4%). in fact. we use does not watch TV.:_t4.L % of the population their brains._ about your TV viewing habits. but it causes problems.>. based on a survey ~ecjdes what to watch and of 1. List some disadvantages of TV.!!. and that watching lV at a distance of less TV every day.. In which room(s) do you have a TVt Do you have the TV turned on 2 Reading skills a In pairs. The same applies to talking to each other. which might even result in fewer divorces! TV facts Television is probably the most powerful medium of communication ever invented. Which one? football or Soccer games. c TV may be a good thing for some people. ~ave 1 2 televisions In the house. Statistics tell us that in most countries 60% of the population h TV 'In the 2 li viD!! roomas a I 30% has one in the 3 bedroom . it is on all the time. you will does the mother decide which channel to watch Finally. Part 1 Does TV turn us into dumbos? A report just published says people who watch a lot of lV may be damaging 4 .

and if I hadn't stopped watching TV. but you have to be able to control what you watch.put it in another room. help students to make guesses al the first answer. And how about your health? Maureen Well.quite a bit. Host I see. If students need more help you could write some of the answers 011 the board as they do the exercise. Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise Ze. Useful language: Additionaloctivtty An advantage of " is . Maureen. not at all. people don'//alk. So. find out whiGh students watch the most TV. give a couple of examples to get students started. Host So.it gave me more time. Ask. you'd watch less TV. (For example. For example. I'm not stressed out any more. you know. so I went to my doctor. ask for lots of guesses before revealing the actual answers. Maureen. If I hod all these digital channels to choose from now. When you elici t answers from students in Exercise 2b. we're going to talk to Maureen. Note that only question 6 from Exercise 1 is discussed in part 2 of the article. One of the best things about . For Exercise 3 on page 117 !II Host We've talked about addiction a lot before. explain that the answers rely on students' own general knowledge and guesswork. I watched daytime TV. I'd be able to do more with my life. If I ever get a TV again. after a year or so I reali zed that il wasn't healthy. I'd have less time to do things. what was so bad that it made you give up television completely? Maureen Well. the more irritated I felt. but today we're going 10 talk about a different kind of addiclion . rt you hod to go to another room to switch Ihe TV on. is.. 56'~---------------------------------------------------------. No more TV. If I still had a TV. planning a TV schedule 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 1. Host How did your life change exactly? You stopped watching TV? Maureen Exactly . But most important is to control the TV.Objectives Grammar Topic: watching TV Vocabulary television genres Reading Ustening a radio phone-in Speaking conditionals extrocts from magazines discussing TV viewing habits. I'm so embarrassed to think about it now. without revealing which blan k they go in. For Exercise Zc. what's your advice to people who want to cut down on TV? Maureen Well. I've done so much since I gal rid of the television . who used to be addicted to the TV but who is now one of the four per cent 0 of people who have chosen to live without TV." I gave the TV away and my life changed . have mare friends. Ask some pairs or groups to present their ideas to the closs. I thought. and he said that if I watched less TV. I used to feelli red and irritable all the lime. Afterwards. and I was at home all day. I listen to music a lot more . The articles present a pretty negative view of TV. and use il! Media T 116 Unit 11 . learn where the ·off" switch is.. I would never have discovered the pleasures of reading. So. like most people. First. met people. The more surfing through channels I did. I iust used to lie on the sofa all day doing nothing. Elicit answers fro m the class and note a few good ideas on the board. find another iob. I used to juSI watch TV now and again in the evenings. is Another good thing about .. •• 2 Reading skills For Exercise 2a. Ask if any thing surprises students. but then I lost my iob four years ago. 'That's it. I won't let it toke control of me.addiction 1 the TV. and after a while I got hooked on TV junk shows. Host So you think that TV is all bad? Maureen No.I've found a new job. [f necessary. and on Sundays. Now I feel much better. its relaxing to walch TV after a hard day. don't let il control you. students in pairs or small groups to make a list of advantages of television. I think a very importanlthing is not to have the TV in Ihe living room . There's some very good stuff on TV. Host So you decided 10 do something aboul it? Maureen Yes. people ea/ TV dinners). same programs are very educational. I think I'd go crazy. well. and I couldn't do that.

Then ask Answers: The top p icture is of the American sitcom Friends. but cou ld also be no ws or curront affairs. If I weflo!g 1:Je'¥~ seen you.•• 3 Listening skills Give students a minute to briefly d iscuss the statements in Exerc ise 3a in pairs. Note: hooked on = obsessed with @ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Let them c heck in pairs before discussing them as a class. IPresidential candidate speokingl If I were Presidenl. ask them to show their schedu le to two or three other pairs in the class and talk about it with them. Model the activity in Exercise 4c by eliciting or providing two or three possible sentences. 50 . students need to differentiate between the first conditional. and the second conditional. Then give students three or four minutes to thjnk up and w ri telheir own sentences. Have students briefly share answers in the class and find out who wrote the best schedule . Common probtems and enors Students get the form wrong. I would hove said hello. Photocopy enough copies for everyone in the closs. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exerc ise 4b. The n ask them to stand up and find another student in the class w ho has chosen the same channel. Ask students to scan the lV page and find examples of the different types of program listed in exercise Sa . thon chock in pairs. Choose one which lists the title of the program and describes its content. of 8 name for their channel. The audioscripl for Track 56 is on page n16 It Unitll T 117 Media . improbable or impossiblel.. In terms of form that students make most errors. You will need to monitor the "pair-choosing" carefull y. It looks like a talk show. Now sho has more friends . modeling stress and pronunciation.. Give them 10 minutes to p lan and write out their TV schedu le on a sheet of paper. Ask students to liston and comp lete the task. In terms of use. where the condition is unreallLe. Ask students to complete the statements. ask a few individuals to tell you their best sentences. Monitor and encourage st udents to speak. Put students ill pairs to share their ideas. Divido students into groups of four or five to do Exercise 5h . however.. IUncle Bob speokingJ II is. 6 Speaking ski lls Ask students to decide what kind of channel from the list they wou ld like to design programs for. Quick grammar guide: condmonals Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Ask students to sit down with their partner. and reads more (3 and 4). Answers: 1 and 2 were true of Mauree n in the past. Let studen ts complete Exer cise 4a indi vidually. When eliciting answers from the class. When students h ave finished. and aile or two pairs may have to compromise. has a bette r life. I'd cullaxes. 1'1/ reduce laxes. If I will-win. and then elicit answers from the class. 4 Grammar review: conditionals Read through the example carefully as a class so that students are clear about the task. 5 Vocabu lary: television Read th rough the words in the list in Exercise students to match the words to the pictures. Additional activity Find and photocopy a page from on English-language lV listings page. For example: If I become Presidenl. They often try to express the ideo of the subjunctive In the conditional clouse by using will or would. Ask them to think. then check answers in pairs. I will be happy. where the condition is possible. t . •• . T he other p icture is of Fid el Castro being interviewed..

unreal 5 I'll watch more TV if I get digital channels. Which of the statements were true of Maureen in the past? Wh ich are true now? Listen again and complete Maureen's statements. they'd read more. If you sit close to the TV.. eg. 5 They surfchaflncls a lot while they're watching TV. 5 [wou ld have gone oul with you last night if they badn'l shown (not showl Big Brother! c Make conditional sentences lLsing these phrases. 3 If [ hadn't stopped watching TV.. Note the program type and an example of the show for each time slot. caters for people aged 16-35. [n pairs. hie 2 If [ still had a TV. . and possible or unreal by them. Media Unit 11 . 4 If your child continues (continue) to watch too much TV. 1 They"re hooked on TV junk shows. caters for all ages. have a TV in the bedroom appear on TV be addkted to (show name) waste time watching TV .3 Listening skills a Some people are really "hooked" on TV.m. 5 Vocabul ary: television a Look at the two pictures on this page and find the kinds of shows they represent from the list helow. they'd have more friends and a better life. I'd be .:rwm.ch {. from 6:00p. I would watch more TV. 1 . discuss whether these statements are true of anyone yOll know.If . 1 If you stopped watching TV. 6 Speaking skills a In pairs. present. 3 If they watched less TV.k Pops teen. 4 0 """'''1. less TV. think of the most popular eXflmple in your country of each category of TV sbow. you may damage your eyes.m. 2 They often lie on the sofa all day doing nothing but watching TV. likes to broadcast new. focus on education and information Channel 3: public service channel. caters for all ages. Channel 1: commercial channel.. Listen to Maureen talking about her TV viewing habits. prese/lt.I'd 'ltaf. 3 If the chann els showed (show) more documentaries. I. Choose the best schedule for the class.. possible 2 If we didn't have TV. 4 If they sold the TV.I didn't M--ve a TV m the fed. .. (/uluJ<e. present . I won't let iltake control of me. you would suffer (suffer) deprivation symptoms. possible b Now complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. focus on entertainment Channel 2: public service channel. Choose from one of these channels. or future. 4 Grammar review: conditionals a Read these conditional sentences and write post. to choose from 5 If [ ever gel a TV again. future . tends toward common interests such as sports and musi c b Plan a rriday evening's TV schedule.age ?> ut£<C f'YO:J'"am. Top of c Compare your schedule with other pairs. unreal 4 I'd have gone out more if I hadn't had a TV. you will read less. I wou ld have read (read) more books. lalk show currenl affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show b [n groups. 2 If I hadn 't watched so much TV as a child. future. we would talk to each other more. p:mUe) 1 If you watch a lot of TV. yo u are going to design TV programming for an evening for one channel. he said that if [watched less TV. he will become isolated. past . Then discuss them in pairs. unreal 3 If I had a TV.:OD-7:00 /. I'd have less lime!o do mo re. to 1 :30a. I would watch it every night. different programs Channel 4: commercial channel. caters for people over 30.

middle/lower economic groups. 6 Newspapers which publish inaccurate reports about famous people should be fined and banned from publishing the reports. decide on four "golden rules" of conduct for journalists. liberals. say whether you agree or disagree with these opinions and why. 3 Prepare In groups. sports . discuss the questions with reference 10 the last newspaper you read. even if it reveals private information abo ut people. Then. 1 Was il a tabloid or broadsheet newspaper? 2 What was the lead story about? Report the main points 10 your partner. social events. You may use the points in Exercise 2b and rewrite them so they reflect your opinion. business people. conservat ives. )ocalnews.1 Warm up a Check th e words and phrases in italic in a dictionary or with your teacher. 1 How many major newspapers are there in your country? . 2 How many are tabloids/broadsheets? 3 Whal sect ions can probably be found in each of them? 4 Who is the main audience for each one? (young people. entertainment b Now discuss newspapers in general in your country. 5 Any kind of spying on famous people by newspaper reporters should be banned. reader comments.. 1 Newspapers have a duty to publish anything they think is in the public interest. Unill l Media .. How do newspapers breach people's privacy? Who is usually affected by breaches of privacy? b You are going to draw up a code of conduct on privacy for newspapers. in pairs.it shows that they are still important. crime reports. 3 The public has a right to know every detail about the lives of fam ous or important people. In pairs. etc.. editorials. a politician who is having an affair. or think of your own ideas. the classifieds.) 2 Task a One of the crit icisms of some newspapers is that they do not respect people's privacy. international news. 4 Famous people are usually secretly pleased that newspapers write about them . 3 What was the headline on the front page? 4 Was the report sensational or factual? 5 Were there any scandal or gossip reports? 6 Does this newspaper have a large circulation? 7 Which section of Ihe newspaper did you read in mosl detail? Sections: national news. (For example.) 2 Any person who is in the public eye has to expect media interest.

Elicit an explanation of breach le. Introduce !he topic 1 Warm up Ask students to road through the questions in Exercise 1a and check the vocabulary. active and passive Speaking presenting ideas for a code of conduct If you can. small ads on the inside pages edilOfials '" newspaper articles in which the editor gives the newspaper's opinion on on issue in the news Vocabulary 2 Task Have a brief class discussion. and elicit ideas in answer to the questions in Exercise 28 . However. etc.pop and movie stars. Bri ng a newspaper 10 class to hel p you point oul and explain di fficult vocabulary." Monitor and help with vocabulary. 3 Prepare Put students in groups of fou r to wri te their "golden rules. Put students in pairs to ask and answer the questions. going through your garbage: taking photos with powerful lenses on beaches or in bedrooms. following people. and neighbors. Divide tho class into groups of fo ur or five to d iscuss the questions in Exercise l b . •• tabloid = newspaper with small pages and sensational staries broadsheet'" newspaper with big pages and serious stories lead story '" the main story on the frool page classifieds '" short. politicians.Objectives Topic: newspapers and privacy Writing a code of conduct Grammar modal verbs. Have a brief class discussion of the answers.'S? You could use the newspapers 10 elien and/or explain the words In italics in exercise 1 a. people in the news for other reasons. Put students in pairs to read the opinions in Exercise 2b and decide whether they agree with them or not. to breach privacy). are also affected. TV celebrities. such as doctor's records. sports stars.g. Media T 118 Unit 11 . Suggested answeres: Newspapers breach privacy by: interviewing ex-friends. Show them 10 students and pass them around the class. such as the victims of crime or lottery winners. ex-partners. going through private records. Ask What are the names of the newspapers? What kind of newspapers do you think they ore? What stories are fronl page and back page nev. bring in two or three different English languoge newspapers. The people usuall y affected arc well-known people .

oren'tthey? So. The photographer had taken close-ups of her crying. here in the United States 01 least. but it was taken in France.. C DiHicult . I'm a photographer and I believe in freedom to toke the pictures I wont. B Yes. but that example of Princess Diona after her cor crash. Unilll T 11 9 Media . We'd bener get on . Not true. Not true. A Okay. I think. Elicit the best ideas from each group to build up a class code of conduct on the board. ask students to complete the descriptions and play the audio again . so pictures of the funeral are okay. photographers can't take pictures in restaurants. defnitely. they're happy occasions. We're all here to discuss a few problems we've hod recently with breaches of people's privacy. like Britain. No one should be allowed to print that.s. you also have to be careful who you take you know that singer. so of course we can toke and print pictures of that. o Mmm. Do you agree? e yes. Mario. Put students in pairs to read the descriptions in Exercise 5c and find the throe mistakes. Then put the groups together again to complete their code of conduct. I agree. LeI's start. . Ask students to listen and answer the question .the event is in a public place. if famous people are at a restaurant or somewhere. so the photographer was allowed to toke it. They say that they can take and print pictures of close-ups with telephoto lenses in the u.~ . They say that in some places. We have to look at improving things ourselves or the government will impose new rules on us. I think so . Answers: They say thai because the photo of Princess Diana was taken in France. Not true. 6 Follow up Put students in groups of four to draw up their own code of conduct. and as a newspaper editor myself. A I think you'Ulind that was because his wife was pregnant and didn't wont to have photographs taken. but not of people in this case? A Yes. We've only agreed that we can't have pictures of sick people or of people who are grieving. Chris Martin of Co/dp/a. 5 Compare ~ Play the audio for Exercise Sa. but not close-ups of grieving relatives. In Exercise 5b. and t do not wont my newspaper to be sued ! C Of course not.restaurants are really private places that open up to a few people at a time.you're unlikely to get pictures of a wedding unless you're inside the church or you use a telephoto lens. A look. I think we can all agree that our first rule is that we do not invade the privacy of people who are sick or dying. like Britain. A But you have to be invited . BID Yeah. on her suHering. rather than the pictures was token? A Yes.4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to read their main points aloud. which is why there were all the problems -that newspaper had an exclusive. A I'm more concerned about ordinary people. I completely agree with tha t. they're not like funerals. we're not getting very far. the photographer was allowed to take it. Ask the rest of the class to take notes about what each speaker says.what about pictures of famous people's weddings and things like that? I mean. but that was public interest . B Okay. I really don't want that. bull don't think we need to focus on that case too much. There were some pictures token recently of the widow of a soldier . well. Remember the pictures of the wedding of Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas? They sued the newspaper over that. o I agree. they're in public. o You mean the one of her in the car after it hod crashed? That was terrible. yes? C As you know. but what about famous people? I mean. but I think they had a deal with another newspaper./? He anaclced a photographer. B Another thing . in some places. using a telephoto lens.at his funeral. even of close-ups with telephoto lenses. I Of course. I think thars on intrusion on her grief. photographers can't take pictures there.a lot of people think that the ormy shouldn't have gone out there. B Isn't the issue that it was printed.. that was just sick.

Make a note of ideas from other groups. The people in the discussion made three mistakes when discussing these laws.. What were they? d Do you know the laws on press and privacy in your country? Ifnot. her car crash..1<>1"''= VYithOUt consent. 3 pictures of famous people in .. 1 a picture of Princess Diana after ... . a restaurant/a IJUblic place. bUt photographerS No prnacy d for harassment or may be sue ..~d ven "private places" includes cars an e publiC areas· ItalV doO even of people PiCtures taken out rs. However. Complete the descriptions of the four pictures. c Look at the descri ptions of the laws relating to photographing people in some countries. b Combine all the ideas you agree with to make a complete code of conduct for journalists reporting on the lives of the rich and the famous. 4 pictures of two actors· . ·vate bOat standing on the deck of a po ' are alloWed· United States standing in public piCtures of someone balcony plainly view.ing the law. you may be txea\<. Present them to the rest of the class.. france herS could be sued for taking PhOtograp. trespassing on pnvate property.. widowlfuneral.. Which aspect are the people talking about? photographer.. The people give four examples of pictures that intrude on people's privacy. '-- 6 Follow up a In groups. z a picture of a soldier's . wedding. a permissible.. can you guess? ... pictures in private . draw up two or three ideas for a code of conduct for press photographers.. for example o~ra sidewalk... are visible from a pu Ie . b Compare your ideas with other groups and pul together a class code of conduct . laws exist.. and privacy Listen again. 4 Feedback a Choose the three main points of your code of conduct on the press and privacy. 5 Compare Listen to a discussion about another aspect of newspapers and privacy.. If yOU use raph lenS ard a IaC\def to protog ~=~ in his backyard..

fNe haven't finished yet. The progressive suggests that the action was VfJly recently finished: 2) to talk about impossible events/situations in the present Fo"" if + past. - firishOO. 1) to talk about unlikely events/situations in the present or Mure We've watched three French movies this week. These noun clauses take a complement and can come either before or after the verb. the activity: Second conditional We've been watching a lot of foreign movies recently. 2) If I h ad my cell phone. we 'll watch more movies at home.) We can use both the siTl>Ie and progessive with rK) change in ITIEHling with some verbs thaI have a sense of oontiluatoo. 1 2 Noun clauses NOlI1 clauses otten COfItoo a relative clause. an office sitcom 5 a TV show in which well-known people are intefViewed talk show 6 a TV show that has a number of different acts. Negative: We haven't been watching much TV recently. but the focus is ()(l If we get a DVD pJayet. I'm going to go home now. It is rTlClt9 neutral to put them after the verb: The food is the thing I realty like about Thailand. ou've been drivin You've driven for hours. see Page 46 (first and second conditionals) and Page 56 (third conditionaQ.) To express duration (often with a time phrase): I've been writing this essay for three hours. We've been decorating. suctJ as Iva. I'd move to a new house. Ouestiofl: Have you been watching much TV recentty? Choose t he correct tonn of the verb. buth " ed io th~ 2 You must be tired. If I ha d had a oomputer. e. emphasis to the complement: a continuing TV series abOut the imaginary lives of a group of people soap opera 2 TV programs that do not use real actors but show ordinary people doing ordinary things reality TV we are adding The thing I really like ebout Thailand is the food. fNe've finished.g . Vocabulary Summary 1 Collocations with video video game arcade video camera video game video phone video recorder video tape video cassette video cassette recorder video conferencing 1 I've been working (. hot soup is one thing I really like to eat in the winter.. singers and comedians variety show Unilll Media . hot soup. would/could/might + infinitive It\Ie've decorated this room. 5 It's snowed ~ ~II night and it stiD hasn't stopped. to talk abOut events/situatiOns whiCh are possible in the present We've b800 deconlting this room. Something that really depresses me is cold.1Q: 3 Conditionals For more information on each conditional. 2 TV shows talk show current affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show Match these definitions with a word or phrase from t he lists in 1 and 2. We use the simple: Us.g. . work and study: Hi&y has attended I has been attencfng this sdKXJI for (\AI() )'EIa'S. One thing I really like to eat in the winter is a good. We can use both the present perfect smpIe and progressive to talk about actioos with a result n the present. an apartment. 1) If I got lhejob. I might have finished the book earlier. n /t:xJks much better now. hl!!O!!th ---. wet weather." o<fut"'" Fo"" if + present + wiIf + infinitive We've docorated this room.) Note the difference between the simple and the progressive he. 3 Where have you been~ calii?J I've been calling you at least ten times.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect progressive Use To talk abrut an action or activity that started i1 the past and is still contim. First conditional Us. :J~~~~!£!~ e 'library all summer. If we place the noun dause before the verb.. e. 3 a place wheI'a you can play video games in machines by putting mooey in them video game arcade 4 a TV comedy sefies that takes place in a particular situation. rNe've just we could call for help. or write both jf both forms are possible. We do not use the progressive to talk about the number of actions/times we have done something. To talk about a series of actions. Cold. wet weather is something that rooJly de{Yesses me. to talk about imaginary (unreaQ events/situations in the past Fomo if + past perfect + wouIeJ/couIdImight + have + past participle Fo"" have + been + -4ng verb Affirmative: We 've been watching 8 lot of TV recently. Third conditional Us. I'll take over. 4 I've waited (I've been waiting for Charlie for ages. A good. Sony about the mess.

Add any other techniques to the list that you think may be useful. . and phrases. discuss which students are not making the most of their opportunities to learn vocabulary. b In pairs. Which person do you resemble most? Discuss any questions you have. You'll also make yourself a better language learner in the process! Note: bring any new vocabulary entries to the class at the end of Unit 12. . Most of my techniques are probably ' considered "traditional". Keisuke Katsura. an adverb. 2 Expanding your repertOire of techniques a Read the four case studies above again and underline the techniques they mention. a::: ::::> >- o b LOOk at what these students below say about how they record new vocabulary. but only lor very ' difficult expressions. I never use any of them. I always try to put new language into use as soon as I can. That would help him find the exact meaning more quickly and he wouldn't feel so frustrated. . Oh. . c Discuss the techniques as a class. I usually write an example of the words or phrases and the other helpful technique I use is to divide language into topic areas. the family. That's important if you want to be able to use the language. It's kind of a hObby. it will be very hard to find the correct definition when you look in a dictionary. . Correct pronunciation is very important for me too. I do use my English dictionary. or an opposite. and punctuation of the paragraphs. Underline any ideas you didn't include. have to see a word written down if I want to remember it. so I show the main stress and write in phonetics . Read it and check any Ideas that you suggested in your paragraph. And I do . I write the date at the top of the page and make a list of all the new vocabulary I learn that day. Experiment with new ideas and you will find new techniques that suit the way you like to learn. I copy the phrases into a special notebook. Make a list of the techniques you would like to try.. But I"m not doing English only for my work! I remember words and phrases from songs or interesting texts . I enjoy writing them down although to be honest. I'm not very organized about keeping vocabulary although I'm always very careful about including information about the grammar of a word or phrase . Ana Ramos. Helena Heinemann.. stuff like that. I use different techniques: a picture.I enJoy read ing in English and underline "nice" expressions. That's just the way my mind works. spelling. or any ideas lor improving the organizaHon. Media Unit 11 . Hungary . Yes. I have a notebook that I only use for vocabulary and I'm very organized. Chile c In pairs.. I am pretty clear about what language I want to learn.. vocabulary.that is a big help. and so on. I'm an engineer and keep a notebook just for that area of my English. I've never had a special notebook for vocabulary. . . I like repeating things aloud as well. .. When I come across new vocabulary I ask my teacher or I look It ' up in my bilingual dictionary. collocations. I had a great teacher who once told me that if you don't think about the meaning of new vocabulary in context. My teacher calls me "the detective" because I love trying to guess words from context. a synonym. Put a check next to the effective techniques. work. but mostly I write translations. . . either. What practical advice would you give them? I would tell Keisuke to think about the general meaning of a new word before he looked it up in a dictionary. Review your action plan: editing your written work ~ . talk about the list you have made with your partner. grammar.recording if something is a phrasal verb. Japan . Germany _ L-__ PLAN C> Your action plan: working with vocabulary Put your list from Exercise 2c into action tomorrow. Ference Lukacs. But this is often difficult because there are a lot of meanings for one wordthat frustrates me. o -' > UJ o UJ 0. By "nice" I mean vocabulary that interests me like idioms.. I'm going to buy a cheap notebook and copy everything into that. I enjoy fill-in exercises and I prefer a bilingual dictionary so that I'm sure I've understood something. and I also use highlighter pens. .. holidays. Give your partner the final version of the paragraph you wrote in Unit 10 about the importance of reading. you know. I guess.z z C) ~ Working with vocabulary 1 Reviewing techniques for recording vocabulary a Are you making the most of your vocabulary learning potential? Write down the two Of three ways you most commonty record new vocabulary.

gth. so tests are really pointless. Thai reminds me I have to go now. compare your opinions about the statements. b In class. Some st udents forge t everything they've studied the moment a test is over. We were 3 teslfld Oil molor functions. Unil 12 .all these 8 examsltesls are killing mol really nervous. How else can you place peop le in class levels.which means that I So much depends dOll" have to 6 retake that part of the course. That means you can build on . which really wasn't fair because \'\10 haven '. NS (not sure) or D (disagree) by each one. I 1 failed il! I only 2 scored/got seven out of 25. We have a really tough biology lest tomorrow so I'd bettor get home and 7 reyiew [Of it! Tests make some people feel J hato May and June .en. compare your opinions. A So did you pass that science test? B No. Usc one or more words in each blank. didn't you 4 !llke your lab practica!s last week? A Yeah! And thankfully I got II good 5 grade . You find v "" ~~ \ about your strong and your weak points. award certificates and above all. So only tho theory on the day and how you now.Unit12 Looking ahead lesson 1 Which exam? 1 Vocabulary: tests a Try to complete this cOllversat ion between two science students. decide who should continue in future studies or get a good job? o Tests gi ve you an idea of how you are progressing. discuss these questions. Hey. Use the words and phrases in the box 10 complete the blanks you could not fill. Have you used the same words as in the box? exams/ tests grade take/do review for scored/got tested on failed retake do your best under that kind of pressure? 2 Speaking skills Do you agree with these statements in the speech bubbles about tests? Write A (agree). c In pairs. speaking of lests. so how can b In pairs.t._1 and work harder on weak arCaS. covered that yet. 1 What's the best experience you have ever had in an exam? 2 What's the worst experience you have ever had in un exam? 3 What havo your experiences with English exams been like? Ii You have to take tests.

. Are . When did you losl take a test? What was if a lest on? How did you do? What sort aftest do you like to take? 00 you get nervous when you lake tests? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: tests Ask students to fead the conversation quickly and guess which words afe missing. I want to begin the closs by lolking a lillie more about the Internet-based TOEFl. Have a class discussion of the answers. lers ..remember. TOEFl is designed to tesl if non-native speakers ore ready to to ke courses in English-speaking colleges in Ihe U. Sa lers go on to the individual papers. as you kn ow. righl? . There's a g lossary. First. Teacher Right! Student B And you lake the lest online. and find out how students really feel about exams. a . are the texts long? . speaking. So the passages ore typical of the kind of Ihing you would see if you were sludying in the Stoles.one hour per section.. Student C Thanks. Ihe lesl is in four sections. 2 Speaking skills Ask students to listen and read . so thaI's good news for testlakers. and gel students 10 odd others. Read Qut statements 1 to 4 in the speech bubbles on the page. orticles you would find in an academic textbook or journot . you will be asked 10 complete comprehension questions. Now. and shore their answers with the closs. reading.S. Okay. you will be given three passages 10 read and.. we're going to look at Ihe Internel-based TOEFl. Ihot kind of thing. and writing. . Anybody remember whallhol is? Student A Sure! It's Ihal tesl lhat foreign sludenls take to show their English is okay. For example. Now as most of you already know. Afterwards. of course. You could extend the closs discussion following exercises 2a and 2b by asking further questions: Additionol activity What do/can you do to prepare yourself for exams? What canldo you do to ovoid being too nervous or under too much pressure? If we don't take tests. and each porl tesls one of the four skills: listening. and ask students to write whether they agree or disagree with them. now in Ihe reading seclion. who! other ways are there of deciding who should pass a course or graduate? What sort of tests work best? How can we make tests less pointless and more useful? Alternatively. how long is the lest? Teacher The 10101 examination lasts aboul lour hours . nole-taking will help you remember what you want to soy or wri te .test. Student 0 What kind of passages are there? Teacher Well.Objectives Vocabulary fests Topic: exams (the TOEFl) Reading on exam leaflet Ustening an informal tolk Speaking agreeing and disagreeing with statements Ask a few personalized questions to get students storied. how many words? Teacher Good question -the lexls a re prelly long between 650 and 750 words... righl? Student C And there's also a . Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 2e. ask two or three individuals to summarize for the class what their partner told them. okay for what? Student A To show their English is good enough to sludy in on American college. Encourage lots oftalking. one that you do on paper. almost. lers go on looking ahead T 122 Unit 12 . Student B Excuse me. And one more thing. You can complete il on the same day. too. Sa you have to wo rk quickly. Teacher Yes. Now. For Exer cise 4 on page 123 ':IiI Teacher Okay.. A very positive feature is Ihal you can toke notes throughout the test . to do a class survey.. all th e words thai may be difficult are explained for you. . thars called a ' paper-based. you could use these questions. there's another very useful feature in this test. 58~------------------------------------------------------.. note suggestions. Apart from the note laking. . yes. Er. Teacher Uh.. Let them check in pairs and then work in pairs to check and complete Exercise 13 with the words in the box in Exercise l b. you 're bolh right. how . Ask students to interview each other. To show Iheir English is okay.. where were we? Oh. t'li begin with reading. Yep. let's start wi th Ihe different sec tions of Ihe lest.

Student C Does tha t mean six different liste ning tasks!? Teacher Yeah. or other exams thai your students may be planning to take. so you are liste ning to the conversati on and th en it suddenly stops and you ore as ked what will come next . T eacher No. 4 lectures) based on: how things bappen in real world. If so. Britai n. how do you test thot I can predict? Teacher Wait a second. uh. okay? So if you were studying in an Ame rican college. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. Student B But how do you tesllhat? I mean. The record ings will include a range of nativespeake r accents. Ask students to take notes. pa rticularly from the United States. 10 predict what Ihe speake r is going to soy next To do this. Their goal is to find cenoin specific information quickly.g. you'd have to go to lectures and toke notes.. anticipate . Then play the audio.you are given four opti ons.. Britain. (e. 5 Independent questions ask t. let's say you've been asked to listen to a dia logue between a professor and a college student Now this is a situati on you might find yourself in. Canada. Answers: 1 paragraph 1 2 paragraph 2 3 paragraph 2 4 paragraph 2 5 paragraph 3 6 paragraph 4 Ask students to skim the test to locate the answers in Exercise 3c. to find out what students know about the TOEFL. . Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. and Australia. you have to understa nd whot he or she already said before. (real academic si tuations) range of native-speaker accen ts: US.3 Reading skills For Exercise 3<1 . remembe r this is 0 test to see how you would do in an academic environment. You have to pick the correct option. Answers: 1 Non-native speakers o f English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment (colleges and universities) 2 4 3 Reading. first in groups and then as a class.!'e candidates to combine two or three skills. Tasks: 6 (2 conversations. ~~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------. Suggested answer: listening section: conversations and lectures. uh.. They may know or guess some answers.-Teacher Now. 6 2 4 Listening ski lls Ask students to read the notes in Exercise 4a carefully. Australia.. speaking 4 It mirrors the way English is lIsed for commwlicative purposes in the real world. We'll be looking 01the d ifferent sons of thi ngs you need to do in the exam so your students will be well prepared for the test So relax. and predict wha t might be the answe rs. it's really not. let me give yo u a n example: lers soy. using th e notes in exercise 48 as a model. Then have them read in detail. irll be okay.s. writing. If neccessary. Canada. Then give them one minute to find answers to the questions in the tex\. But to fol low a conversation isn't always enough. Student A And how many different listening tasks are the re? Teacher There ore two conversations and lour lectures. Six. yeah? So you must be able to fo llow a conversati on like this. Lei them check their notes in pairs. Britain. In the listening test you will hea r conversotions and lectures. have a brief discussion. You also have to be able to. listening. lell them to note them in pencil. Ask students to read through the questions in Exe rcise 3b carefully. predicting what speaker is going to say) Exercise 4c is an opportunity to have a question and answer session aboul the TOEFL exam. But they ore all the kind of thing you would nor ma lly hear if you were livi ng a nd studying in the U. Okoy. integrated questions requi. right Teacher So tha t is what I mean by -real world: Okay. lers go on 10 the listening section. Ask students to listen and complete the noles.est-takers to talk about topics they are familiar with and can answer from personal knowledge and experience. I'm just coming to thot. right? Students Yeah. of course. Scanning Set a shan time limit for e xercise 3b because this is a scanning task Students should scan through the text un til they find the answers. They are based on how things happen in the real world. The oudioscript for Track 58 is on page T122 Pi. which wi ll be similar to those that you wil l hear in real academic s ituations. Student C That sounds tricky. Unit 12 T 123 looking ahead . the "real wo rld"? Teacher Well. Student C What do you mean. uh .. draw attention to the Glossary.

the idea behind this is that the approach mirrors the way English is used for communicative purposes in the real world. What is tested and how is it tested? 2 . isn'. In groups . discuss anything you have heard about the exam. The two independent questions ask testtakers to talk about topics they are familiar with and will be able to answer from their personal knowledge and experience . and Speaking. In this section candidates are tested on their ability to communicate successfully in an academic environment. In the real world people almost always combine different skills when they communicate. For example. What happens in the writing section? 4 ti' b Tho teacher trainer then ta lks about tho listening section of the test. Test-takers need to demonstrate not only that they know the content but also that they can organize it. Complete the notes taken by a teacher. 4 Listening skills ~ a You arc going to listen to an Englisb teacher trainer talking to her teachers about the TOEFL. What is th e reading section like? 5 In this section test -takers are required to GLOSSARY pinpoint discover exactly whnt something is mirror (vb) reflect looking ohead Unil12 . This time lake your own notes on what the leacher trainer says. Ustening. Writing. personal. they may be asked to listen to part of a lecture and then record their answer.750 wQrd~ Jte!p g<Ven <>L 6 glOssa ry - English language proficiency is tested in four separate sections: Reading. In addition. they may be asked to read a short text on a related subject and then record their answer. The independent task requires testtakers to write approximately 300 words about a topic of which they have knowledge or personal experience. why? If not . types of questions: independent and integrated.3 Reading skills a Vou are going to mad pari of a loaflet on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). This helps English students and their teachers identify the particular skills they need to improve in order to be ready to lake an academic course in an English-speaking environment. Put simply. The CST is the Computer Based TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language. whether for professional. What is the speaking section like? 3 c Think about everything you have learned about the TOEFL: would you tako it? If so. why not? Find other people in the class who would like to take the test and find out why. This is called an integrated-skills approach to testing. II's the exam YOII take when YOll lI'ont to study A brief introduction to the TOEFL CST What is the TOEFL CBT and what does it do? 1 at a college in the States. Testtakers speak into a microphone to record their answers. In this test the skills are not tested in isolation . In which paragraph would you expect to find the answer 10 each question? Who is the exam for? How many parts are there in the test? What does TOEFL test? What is an illtegralod+skills approach to losting? 5 What is the difference between an independent and an integrated speaking tas k? 6 How many pioces of writing uro there? 1 2 3 4 c Read the leaflot carefully and answer the questions in Exercise 3b. In the integrated task test-takers will be asked to read a short text and then listen to a college-level lecture on an academic topic before writing a response to what they have heard of 150225 words. In addition. The four integrated questions require candidates to use a combination of two or three skills. They are required to answer two different In the writing section test-takers have to complete two pieces of written work: an independent and an integrated task. or academic needs. if? b Look through lho leaflet very qu ickly. Please note that this test can also be taken in a paper-based form. the test-takers are given results which help them pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses. 5 - 650 .(engfh of feds. It assists colleges and universities in admitting and then placing non-native speaking students within their courses. It is an English language proficiency test taken by non-native speakers of English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment.testtakers are required to combine different skills in order to complete different tasks.

So you've finally persuaded your parents or employer to let you go for a month to study English? Congratulations! That's the first hurdle crossed . r r r GLOSSARY cross a h urd le deal with a problem so that you can go on to do something successfully be bro ke (informal) have no money do something 2417 (informal) do it all the time.someone to give help and advice to them.scottoengllshatsanfranos(O. or stay in a st udent dorm. food. Did yo u think the same information was important? d In class. We offer all of the services above and more. On top of tuition and fees. seven days a weok Unit12 lOOking ahead ./de . In groups. what would the benefits be? ha"tl!.enough ~ to pay fay c Use the ideas above to tell your partner about your experience. especially about personal problems. If you have any further questions.S. To obtain an E1 depressed. b Check the sentences that were true. books.. you must apply on arrival. 6 I need to get goo rade notes in science subjects. remember that it's important to stay somewhere where you will be happy. Accommodation Why not stay WI th a host familv if you want to expenence Amencan home life? Ot herwise. 5 If I arr&:Qc~erled ~ entered into a university in the U." a""il' b Read the article below quickly to see how many of your ideas are mentioned. 8 I'd like to take a parI. The schooL So what should you look for? That depends on you. Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few weeks. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. '!flake SUn> . Studying abroad is very exciting but it can be stressful as students cope with cultural changes and speak English 2417. Read the article more carefully and ta ke notes on the advice that you think is important fo r you. Do you want to be in a big school (500+ students) or a small one (under 50)? Do you want lessons that are formal or informal? Does the school offer a range of different classes so that you can pick and choose classes to meet your needs? Student Visa go to your local U. ~"fJ . c Imagine you are interested in studying English in the U. Consulate or Embassy with a completed 1-20 Form along with your passport and an Affidayjt of financial Support Medical insurance All students studying in the U.S. 2 I'm hoping to pass into ~ntery graduate program. entertainment.S" you will not be admitted to the country. 1 I'm planning I~I make a course in business admi~0?ation. go online and check out the fees of a number of schools. 2 Reading skills a Imagine that you have the opportunity to study English in a college in the United States.On with English! 1 Vocabulary: further edu cation a Choose the correct word or words to comp lete the sentences. Above all. and generally have a good time.! 3 I'd like 10 finish . If you study at English@San Francisco. me.(iiiaiO?>nsomething to do with man ement. Don't go for the cheapest room if it means that you'll never meet anyone and get Counselors It is crucial that the school provides each student with a counselor . please e-mail I Money If you don't have a clear idea of what a course can cost. Good schools offer a wide range of optional activities to help you ma ke new friends. are true now. discuss the following.9 !J stud engi neering. 1 In your coun try. 7 I'm doing a career ~gf~i n biochemistry. learn about different aspects of the United States.. what SlOpS most students who would like to study abroad? 2 What possible solutions are there to these hurdles? 3 Woul d y ou like to study English abroad? If you could. In addition.I.S . Le.s. of course. Then compare your notes with a partner. travel to and from school and. you certainly won'tY regret it. plans. What else do you need to do before you pack your bags? Visas If you arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. Add any extra ideas to your list. write a list of five things you need to think about before you go. they should also be qualified to teach English. or could become t rue for y Oll . the options are to rent your own apartment. ~ 4 I'd like t get take a high grade on an examination ike the TOEFL. add accommodation. or hopes of further education.. Any good school will be happy to tell you about its teachers and their qualifications.com Sports and sociaL program Studying English is not limited 10 the classroom. 24 hours. The teachers Personal qualities are very important in a teacher. are required to have medical insurance. Good schools should offer th is facility..time course@)t 0 11 history and work at the same time. Greg Scott Director of Studies English @ San Francisco g.

s. What are you planning 10 do nexJ when you finish your currenl studies? Whol are your pions for continuing fa study and improve your English in the future? Ate you planning 10 take any courses in the near future fa improve your career or employment prospects? Introduce the topic If you con find any leoRets for longuage schools in lhe U. a Web page Writing a formal e-mail requesting information Speaking discussing further education Ask students a few personalized questioos. Have a class discussion. .. In Exercise 2b. asking the questions in Exercise 2d . ask students to read the article and check and add to their list. Let them compare in pairs. Let them check what they found in their groups. ask one group to read their list aloud. bring them inlo class. End this pari ofth e lesson with a discussion . Monitor and help with ideas. and then have a brief class discussion. Ask students to read the article more closely for Exercise 2c and underline or write down information that is relevant to them. Find out which students would like to study at the school in the article. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into groups of four or five to write their list for Exercise 2a . •• 1 Vocabulary: further education Ask students to choose the correct word in Exercise la . looking ahead T 124 Unil12 .Objectives Grammar functions of conditionals Topic: further education and studying English abroad Vocabulary further education Reading a Web site ad.. At the end. Ask other grou ps if they have anything interesting to add. Have a brief class discussion of answers. then check answers with a partner. Remind students about the Glossary. or elsewhere. Ask Which language schools look interesting and why? Ask students whot they would look for in a language school abroad. and pass them around. Put students in pairs to talk about their further education plans..

Encourage readers to add any queslions they wish clarified or answered in the e-mail (in order to add more meaningful con tent) and also to write suggestions for improvement in pen. Have students do Exercise 4c in groups of four. Tell pairs to read the drafts carefully. Presentation alternative If your students ore unclear about how 1 organize their e-mail. Elicit two or three different conditional sentences from the students and write them on the board. Unil12 T 125 Looking ahead . ask students to write their e-maiJs. Do the firs t situation in Exercise 3c as an example with the class. you will no t be admitted to the country.. andlor warnings. Then have them do Exercise 4b individually. Ask a few students to read their sentences aloud to the class. Final paragraph: Conclusion Thank you very much for . please e-mail me. (offer) When students have fi nished.S. Suggested answl!l'S for situation 1: You have to get a visa if you want to st udy in my country. I'm looking forward to hearing from you. (advice) II you don't get a visa. Could you let me know exadly . requirements. Then have them check their answers with a partner and the Grammar Swnmary on page 130. ask them to share their ideas with another pair in Exercise 3d .rs to write conditional sentences.T . I would like /0 find more information about . and make sure they make note of the questions not answered.• ~ 3 Grammar: functions of conditionals Ask students to do Exercise 3a . youcertai nly won'! regret it. Ask them to choose one of the situations in exercise 3c. Additional activity Divide students into groups of six to eight. Divide Ute class into pairs for Exercise 4d . Put the posters on the classroom walls for other students to read. write the following advice and useful 0 language on the board: Paragroph 1: Introduction I am in/eresled in attending . suggestions. you must apply on arrivaL If you study at English@SanFrancisco. pool their ideas. Paragraph 2/3: Asking questions Could you please tell me . Also tell them to use pencil to circle any mistakes they spot. you won't be allowed enlry at Immigralion Control.. 4 Writing skills Put students in pairs to write their list in Exercise 4a . Ask pairs to exchange drafts. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. Uyau have any further questions. I am writing to ask about . Nominate one student to write. Then put students in pai. Why not stay with a host family if you want to experience American home life? Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few wooks. . (warni ng) Give me a call if you wanl any advice about gelling a visa. and write a poster with six pieces of a dvice... After they have their original drafts back. Answers: Advice An offer A requirement A promise A suggestion A warning !fyau arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U.

servicing the educational needs of over 12. school to then pu i lli .:. A ". 1 visas 2 lllg sItuations to hel 4 } med. Write a lave II ..l lh.. an( pass th e (Irart back. 1 k covers.. I~"he" ~~~HTIod"I. -. . ex<lm preparation for the A first-class school.~ e gomg to wri ask your un Ie an e-mail \ the order questions.I .. please e_mail us at I tooking ahead Unit 12 . vertlsement th:~swere~ I~ Ie . social program and sports activities 8'1jo)' our extensive prow-am from theater visits to a chance to see the famOUS soston Red Sox. in the text them with the f U ll the article (in . " '" om"r " raft e-maiL mahon into para f a IOn and e When you} g phs. exchange vo Suggest imp'o your group to ell": k'lrr draft with f vements} "c or yo Write th e Ii Ilal e-mail. II I} an offer a requ irement n groups .} . -:-_ _ __ _ " C iOn they serve ~ook a l the condif advice 4 Writing skill s a Imagine that you arc . Make a lisl of language you requYr:nf U.. . g' '" yom 1i. dynamiC lessons with native-speaKer teacners. u. courses PiC from our wide range of cOurses including K for Business.nO.' thin the 'ad vertisemenl b I ~.1Il 'scho~~erything r ..1 e ow .. Accommodation Choose the type of accommodatiOn that suits you beSt..... b Check your answ ers w Ith the Gram on page 130 . \. b Rd' rom a ea .." a ang uage s h I urancc 3 BC . and En~'ISh for AcademiC puf?0S8S' leache tS lively.n. yom longuose '. offering yOU the very best in language learning" En~ish 10Ef\-.. then join 8'1~is\"l us at Woodlandl f or fUrther informatiOn.".ud "" Summ"y ellt IS com' language. M k 00 at you ]" a promise a suggestion a warning d You af doaes~~1 ~~:~v~~. If you want to maKe real progress with )'our and have fUn at the 53me time. All aUf accommodation is within a 20_minute walK from the scnool. 1he gomg to stud . Match JO na! sentence .. the. organize d e mfo..nd . you will ask for' f paIrs .. h another pair fro~JllS ed. V~~ .I. 5 6 d Read expen ence you } s to learn y r cu ture yo ur sentenc they agree with yo~~ ~~:~:other pair and see if m" \~ w~lte cOllditioll~ sCh~tenccs .heck ..S .all the ~~:~~i~~~t~::~ise ?a.000 foreign students a year.3 Grammar: f unctions f a 0 conditionals Italic). In lair mg t ~ your countr t study yo ur about the fo lIo . language schOol Join one of the most popular schoolS in Boston. We also have excellent sports facilities on the Woodland campus.5. p un/h..On Welcome to .

0 cr planets by the \'e \oun he on (fulure progrcssh'c) P • Population: B. w.. b Compare your prodict ions with other pc I A you a pessimist or an optim ist? op e. .-r.ch p fCCrIctlOns do you think w'll b reahty and why? ocome 2 Which predictions might affect yo personally? U 3 h Which .~r=!~d . new drugs haYc a clone clausc." U I becaus~ p~~~:~n? nemp oyment? New' b the time in the ~ervicj~n~~:}::s~. Constirution doc'Sn't O. .r obably h3\'C found a cure for baldness by 2020. (ftill lre pr. if not all. ~~~I~~n~a~~\et t hmcalth po~u lalion growth fa Ie vacatIOns a L'Isten and answer these questions 1 Wh o is the speaker? a politician fa ' 2 Who is he talking to? th r the People PI 3 I I ' evoters .W of the population by 2035. 1 Whi.~=::sti~~t~e". . scientifiC research is increasingly able to paint (future progressive} an accurate picture of how things will be in the not-too-distant future.m Will hoY' o.S. people have tried to predict the future. .oe"". ergy IS tuo dangerous fossil f I arc runmng oul . some of the results arc so P • AIDS: In only a fcw years. .. turn to the audioscri Underline all the .51cilos.. g Unlf12 Looking ahead .)k I d In prurs . Vacations: \vithin the ncxtL'lking 20 years. ecause .an d b aven't' look d ue S we renewable sources e at I hole the ido(/ of clonin but l' scientists will bu obi> I g I m pretty sure thai within the next deca~e~ c one a human being ~ b Listen agail I an d Mlswor these (IUesf 1 Wh 'I IOns. (future pl)rfect) p • Worlc Un<mploym. (future lwrfecl) ure O . ro c Now read the art icle below bo the a (OPlimisti:l p~iclions o~t.el) fighting over purking spacc will haYe beCOme a serious source of social conflict by 2020. (future perfect) GLOSSARY harrowing extreme Iy WOrrylDg or upseuin ' ameliorate mab batlB .lfuture perrect} O. b. cancers and maybe even cure (fllturcJJI~rfl!c:t ~ some of them. discuss what predictions fo th you can make about the next 30 2 Listening skills year~ follow~ng~ work ..rfcc _ ' ''ha d." d. 2100. heart disease. . P • Diet: Despite the advice of medical experts who consrandy point out that obd.. Porltin.. n pairs. s Ie a pessimist or an optimist? a pessimist y WI I fuel be n major problem? b nuduar en ' . ISCllSS theso questions. 2025 IDeo. il will ha\'c becom!:lful purfed} passive) possible for a clone to run for president of the USA-The U. pt on page 148.-doped . Are thO)' th .However. with varying degrees of accuracy. By the year 2025. . Ie t'IOns are most important for prod' umamly 11\ general and why? 4 ~o~:~~~~~ the most terrifying predictions 2 Why will faccmasks be more there will be more 3 gave will pollution be worse? be cause th e Why ' . '~ e In groll d' e sarno. compare your answers.. Not surprisingly. ps. .l!u'u. vacations People will be 15 to space plO' Cloning: l3y 2035. pesslmlslic points and th' k r an optJmlsllc counter-argument ~or cae h pom! a I. most.Which future? 1 Speaking skills a In pairs.\ c th '0 25% countries. the AIDS will be claiming a million liycs a harrowing that they make yOU wanllO stay in bed and hide under the covers.. Baldness: Scientists at Cornell Univcrsil)' cxperimenting with a gene cal1ed SHl-l will Q. and high blood pressure. the \\'Orld's population will havc IYaehed 10 billion.AIDS will be by far doom and gloom. ' p . BUl it's not a\l year.3 . Cancer: Within th e next 25ycarS. e.\'croge human being will have gained 2.. As long as you arc a will have heen de\'c1opcd that will ameliorate citizen and 35 years or older you are eligible.. O • Space: wC W end of the centurY. Have a look at these the major killer in many African and Asian snapshots of furore lifc and iudge fN yourself.il)' can lead to diabetes. mmenl IS doing nothing 4 ~hy will unemployment gel worse? e economy will continue to dete~ior~1 c I . ." I". r 01/ ' Future fact or future fantasy? ~idcmic Since time immemorial.' In "".

vote for us. but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the heolth of our people? And thars not all. much of our food will soon be genetically modified. But what is the present government doing? In a word. Ask two or three confiden t students to present their speech to the closs. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lock of clear policy on genetically modified food. very dark. we will have run out of them within 0 couple of generations. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Focemasks facemosks will have become common in towns and cities. tf pollution continues to increase. and say who in their group is optimistic and pessimistic. 1 Speaking skills Ask students to work in pairs to discuss their predictions in Exercise la . Already gridlock is a common. Imagine in ten years. NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this. our towns and citieS will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. You may wish 10 check the following expressions: since lime immemorial = dating bock to a point long ago in time • Vocabulary Irs not all doom and gloom". I'm talking about your world! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic. Looking ahead T 126 Unit12 . ask one student from each group to summarize what the group said. Ask students to prepore on -optimistic· political speech in opposition to the speech of the politician on the recording. you may invite them to post their speeches on the wall for other students to read. everyday problem. You see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemosk today. and then check in pairs.. There will simply not be enough space to park your cor. that parking will have become a major prablem. I think mos/large animals will become extinct. wind. my friends! Just imagine.Objectives Grammar Topic: life in the future Pronunciation echo questions Reading a newspaper article listening a politician's speech Speaking making and discussing predictions fulure progressive and future perfect Write three or four of your own predictions for the future on the board. perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy . Ask students to listen and answer the questions in Exercise 2b. for more shy students. We'll be living in a world where when it rains. Parking places on the street . Ask students jf they agree or disagree with them. and tidal power. renewable energy sources like solar. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to burn fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now. Afterwards . mark the predictions. our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels. So on Thursday. Suggestions: In1roduce the topic I think Chino will become the richesl and most powerful country in the world. Public and private parking lotsfull! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. I'm talking about your street. snapshots 101 future life) = brief but reveoling pictures/images/insights 2 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise 2a . acid rain. T. Imagine . Play the audio again. Irs not all depressing news. End this part of the lesson by asking students to discuss the questions in Exercise 1e in groups of four or five. it will rain ACID . your city. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. ~ ~ ~ Additional activity So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous.. Then put them in groups to share their ideas. ladies and genllemon. so much traffic. Alternatively. Let students check their answers in pairs.. The economy will conlinue to deteriorate and. our future looks dark.. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie. Ask students to work in pairs to underline the pessimistic points of the speech in the audioscript on page 148 and think up and write optimistic counter-arguments.. We need to look at clean. as a result. and the way things are going. your town. II may look like the answer in the short term. sadly. . vote for.a vote for the People Party. Ask students how they think these things will be different in the future. a world where every living person wears a face mask. butthafs not the norm. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. Ask students to read the article . Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. I think we will be mining and building factories in ouler space.full.

which. The future progressive (will + be+ present participle] and the fu ture perfect I will + have + past participlel both have complex forms. the world·s population wHi halle reached 10 billion: Carol Will have reached 10 billion? Peter Yes. the water level will have risen by 50 centimeters! Carol Will have risen by 50 centimeters? 5 Peter Can this be true? It says. since mony languages hove comparable forms and uses. isn't it. perlect 3 Grammar: future progressive and future perfect Have students check answers to Exercise 3a in pairs. By 2030. Ask students to complete the article in Exercise 3e. Usten to this: -In a few years. expresses sW"prise.it is an echo question . and let students shout out an echo question. play the audio again. ask them to take turns making predictions. T hen replay and pause the recording afte r each stateme n t. the world's population will halle reached 10 billion! 10 billion? Have reached 10 billion? Will have reached 10 billion? In a fll'N years. and rise again 01 the end. Do Exercise 3d as a brief class discussion. ffi Quick grammar guide: future progressive and futu". For Exercise 4b. Then play each statement.. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! A million? Oaiming a million lives a year? Will be claiming a million lives a year? Unit 12 T 127 Looking ahead .1> @ Qu. 1 Peter This is horrific. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lilies a year? Peter Yes. opting for simpler forms. then leI it rise. guide @ •• 5 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to put the lime expressions in Exercise 5a in the chart. To soy these e<:ho questions corre<:lIy. particularly in controlled silualions. Use Exercise 3b to check that students can recognize the form. However. The main problem is that students lend 10 oyoid using them. Peter 11 says here: -By 2100. Ask students to listen and answer the question. fall a little. In 2030. She isn't asking a question . Play the audio for Exercise 4c. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! Carol is sW"prised. Let them check answers in pairs. and listen to this: By 2030.t . the blue whole will have died ouI! Carol Will have died aut? 3 Peter Oh. Play the audio for Exercise 4d. they should not be too tricky. I M in Q beautiful house. She doesn't believe it.~------------. 10 billion! Peter This is horrific. Common errors Overusing simple present instead of more complex future forms. listen to this: -In a few years. If students don't d o this very well the lirst lime. lIn a few years. here. Ht . Point out the form of the two lenses. pause. Do the first statemen t as a class to get students started. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lives a year? 2 Peter I don't believe this! It says within 50 years. Let students listen to the audio o nce. within two generations the average life span of a person will have increased by 20 years! Carol Will have increased by 20 years? 6 Peter And listen to this one: Within 50 years.ck prononciation 4 Pronunciation: echo questions Play the audio for Exercise 4a. terrible. paying aUention to the intonation patterns they hear. Ask two or three individuals to repeat. students need to star! with their intonation high (and disbelieving!). 50% of the world's workforce will be working from home! Carol Will be working from home? 4 Peter This is incredible. When they are ready. \o:. People will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods! Ca rol Will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods? ~' - By 2100. Discuss the questions as a class. Ask stud ents to listen and respond. AHow two or three minutes for students to think ofthings to say for Exercise 5b. play the recording again . 6l~--------------------------------. streets will disappear in cities. the world's populalion will have reached 10 billion. Answers: The predictions: By 2100. Have students repeat in unison.

What is Carol's reaction to tile predictions? Is Carol reaUy asking Peter a 1 By 21 00. Many people. progressive for prodictions in the near future and Use the future perfect or the future progressive. c An optimistic future By the year 2025. the A IDS epidemic will be ~ c Listen and repeat what Carol says. III fact. (work) from 2 will be working home. Use these topics. play. I'll be working ill my father's company. @ d Now listen to six things Peter says and respond with an echo question. e In pairs. In order to avoid chemicals. With in the nex t two years. which will produce hydrogen to be used on days when there is no sunshine. Look at the time expressions commonly used with these tenses and add them to the chart below. and do our shopping will be close at hand. I wjll /Jove graduated. education work population the economy traffic potlution travel By 2010. make predictions about your personal fu ture and the fu ture of your country.3 Grammar: future progressive and fu ture perfect 4 Pronunciation : echo questions ~ a Listen to Peter and Carol discussing an article about the future. many people 7 will be G rowing (grow) food in their backyards or buying it from nearby organic far ms. Which are in the fu ture perfec t 5 Speaking skills and which are in the fu ture progressive? 11 We can use the future perfect and future c Complete the fo llowing article about the fu ture. Since these far ms will employ natural forms of pest control. In only a few years. make some crazy predictions about some of these aspects of the future. We 5 will be geUing (get) some energy from windmills but much of it will be generated in our own homes by rooftop solar panels. carcinogens 8 will have di sappeared (disappear) from food produced in this way. d Which areas of the article do you agree with? Which areas do you disagree with? Which view of the future do you feel is more realistic: the view stated in the listening or the one in the text above? by tilen within a month before December within a generation this time next week before the government changes by next June by next summer by 2010 Near future by Saturday this time tomorrow next month Distant futu re in 20 years wilhin the next 20 years wiLhin a generation by then within a month before December this time nexl week by 2010 by then before the government changes before the government changes by next June hy next summer h In pairs. This tense is used for activities that will be in progress at a particular time in the future. computers entertainment money the world water food b Read through the predictions in the text in Exercise t again. ~ b Listen agai n. the world's population will have question? reached 10 billion. many of us 1 will he living (live) in neighborhoods where the air is clean and where places to wo rk. Most homes 6 will have a lso installed (also install) a basem ent fuel unit. What are the two predictions? a Match these predictions from the article with the descriptions that follow. People 4 will he returning (return) to riding bicycles because of the increased awareness of the effects of pollution and the importance of regular exercise. clai ming a million lives a year. looking ahead Uni! 12 . fo r personal predictions. comp leted before a definite time or event in the future. and respond to each b Th is tense is used for activities that will be other with echo questions. Those who have to go out to work 3 will he using (use) clean hydrogen-powered transportatio n that will produce little or no pollution.

Only the secretary can give the answer. Science. Words. General knowledge. Each pair oftoams has a Quizmaster whoso job it is to read tile questions to each learn and to keep scoro. If another member of the team says their answer before the secretary. There can be 8S many pairs of teams as needed.f h game This is a team game and the aim is to be the first team to cross the finish line. the team is penalized and has to move back one space. they tell the team secretary. The game is played in two teams of three or four players. The team can discuss the question together and when they decide on the answer they wish to give. People. Grammar. It is also the job oftho Quizmaster to control the two teams the same as a referee does in a soccer game. The Quizmaster is not pari of a learn. backward or staying where you are. The only cxC{)ption to the correct answer .one space forward· rule is when you land on the "wild card". This type of card is unpredictable and may result in you moving forward. You move forward one space at a time by correctly answering questions on seven different topics. and Entertainment. Unil12 looking ohead . Sports. The questions are given to the team by the referee or "Quizmaster".

2. and be sure you prepare enough photocopies of the quiz cards for your students in advance of the game.one person who will write down the group's answer for each question. 5. Go over any questions about the rules before getting started. You can find the quiz cards on page 1'129. Read through the task first to make sure you really understand it. Work out in advance how you are going to organize the classroom. if you have 18 students. give the quizmasters the quiz cards. Tell them that they are going to take a quiz and that they have to choose a secretary . Tell students to form groups. a good way to start is to give every student a number by counting and pointing at students like this: 1. Tell groups 1 and 2 to sit facing each other around one of the quiz boards on the left·hand side of the class. The secret of success is to manage the activity carefully. Tell them to join the teams. 4. 5. light-hearted way of practicing spoken English. 4.) Set a time limit for the quiz.Objectives Grammar Topic: end-ol-year quiz Reading instructions language and conlent U5tening a quiz Speaking an end-af-year quiz of Student's Book The aim of this activity is to provide a fun. 1. 3. For example.4. 3. and tell groups 3 and 4 to sit facing around a board on the right-hand side. and one of two students. answering any questions they may have. 3. 1. You should have four grou ps of four. Tell students to read the rules of the game carefully.3. 4. and reviewing some language al the end of the course. 2. Once they have tossed a coin to decide which teams starts. 2. they have to start asking questions. 1. lookingoheod T 128 Unit 12 . 2. Finally. (These should have been photocopied and cut out in advance. and walk around the class as students play.

capoeira. (ANS WER: They are rich. (ANSWER: Tho nowscaster said (that) the werld's population would grow to eight billion by 2020. The woOd"s populatIOn will grow to eight billion by 2020.) In wtlich of these two sentences is the event more likely to happen? a) If I get the job. Possible answer: 1"1/ call you evory day if you IOTllllmo 10. half (01). but the sentences have to be "predictions" and they also have to make sense!) Science What is the everyday term for the chemical formula CO/ (ANSWER: carbon dioxide) 2 What does 'GM' stand for In "GM foods "? (ANSWER: Genetically Modified) 3 What percentage of our body weight is water? (ANSWER: 60%) 4 What am I describing: A substance that a doctor prescribes to cure people of an illness. strokes. thoy are unha ppy. neithe r of the.thirds or.. however. I'd buy a cell phone. II quarter f two. Judo. be some benefits. II"s the first conditional. (ANSWER: The Greenhouso Effect) 6 What is the name of the unit used for measuring temperature? (ANSWER: a degree) 7 Can you give me the chemical formula for watef? (ANSWER: HP) 8 What IS the name lor the complete set of genes in a living thll"lg? (ANSWER: The genome) 9 Name at ledst three of the possible efferu of dirnate change. Alt ho ugh/Though/Evon tho llgh thoy oro rich.·or some fanners.) Is thIS true or false J A noun d. I got up early to catch the bus. and cancer) 10 Name the country that has a population of about 1 billion people. each. they lifO unhappy.) Make two predictions about the future. howc\'er. [ got up early in order to catch the bus. (ANSWER: true.:Iuse can be the subject or the object of II senterx:e.. l'YE'ry. b) If I got the job. 1"11 buy a cell phone. (ANSWER: both.. (There are many possibilities here. man).V 2006 . hardly any. Make himlher a promISe.Quiz cards Grammar Change the word but in this sentence Wlthout changing the meaning of the sentence.) Rephrase this sentence. too. many of whom are Hindus. Begin it by using II form of the verb study. There will be heat WIiVes and Illore air pollution. water resources will increase or decrease: there will be more floods IlIld drough t. which in turn will cause infectiolls diseases to spread.S) (ANSWER: Number 1 is football. T hey are unhappy although/even though \hey are rich. distance running) 7 INhat is the modern in ternatIOnal sportll1g competitIOn In which people of all nationalities compete in varIOUS sports? (ANSWER: Olympic Games) 8 In which sport do pjayers "slam dunk"? (ANSWER: basketball) 9 Can you give me the first and se<:ond most popular spectator sports in the U. Number 2 is baseball. In the 17th century) 2 What is Muhammed Ali's daughter's name? (ANSWER: leila) 3 What does the INOfd karate mean? (ANSWER: empty hilnd) 4 Can you name three different martial arts? (ANSWER: karate. The only way to pass the exam is to study. for example.) Your boy/girlfriend is leaving to study in Canada for two months. every. (ANSWER: heart disease. vinlses like influenza ami AIDS.. hurdles. however. Friends of the Earth) 8 Wha t is the world's population? (ANSWER: six billion) 9 Can you give me the names of three of the biggest ki llers in the deveklped world? For example. They have to be logical. sprinting. They are rich BUT unhappy. (ANSWER: in a). II lot of. either. There will. Sea levels will rise in some constal areas. II great/good deal of. (ANSWER: the long jump.) 10 HooN much of the earth's surface IS coYef!'d by water? (ANSWER: 70%) ' spons Where and when did karate start? (ANSWER: Japan.. all (the). Moderate warming will fa. (ANSWER: Indial 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 (ANSWER: [ got up early so as to catch the bus. J Change the word to in this sentence without changing the meaning of the sen tence.) Name five different quantifier. ) 10 Which sport did Sebastian Cae excel In? (ANSWER: distance runlllng) More Quiz cards ore on on page T260 !II Unil1 2 T 129 l ookingaheod _bIe C E<iIori(JI Moo:miIon de ~o. the javelin. the hammer. the high jump. (ANSWER: Japan) 6 What does IQ stand for? (ANSWER: Inte lligence Quotient) 7 Name one International e<oIoglcal organization? (ANSWER: Greenpeace. (Ma ny possibilities here. the discus. or an illegal substance that afferu people mentally or physically when they take it? (ANSWER: a dmg) 5 Name the process in wtlich heat is unable to escape from the atmosphere and causes the tempera ture of the eanh to nse. severn!. Start : The newscaster. tae kwon do. SA de C. use the future progresSIVe in one and the future perlect In the other. General knowledge Where did Ca~ra come from originally? (ANSWER: Africa) 2 Which insect can Jump 100 centimeters? (ANSWER: a flea) 3 Who wrote A Hundred Years of Solitude? (ANSWER: Gabriel Garcia Marquez) 4 Which (feature can lift 50 times its own weight? (ANSWER: an ant) 5 Name the country in Asia which consists of four large islands. (ANSWER: Climate change will forte some species of birds to migrate. some. nono of the . no.) Imagine you heard this sentence on the news and you want to report It back to me.) 5 What is the name of the international sports comp!?tition wtlere teams from around the world compete for the title of the best soccer team? (ANSWER: World Cup) 6 Name five trad and field spoIlS. (a) li n Ie. (ANSWER: St udy ing is the only way to pass tlle exam. (a) few.

toss a coin to see which team starts. If the teams finish befOfe others in their class. If the team answers correctly. looking ahead . Quizmaster5. yO ll lose. When you toSS a com. then check it to shaoN that it has been used. they stay where they are and wart until it is their turn again. Qui l. Cootinue until the game is finished . You slar!. you Y teams. If the answer is incorrect. 2 Select one Quizmaster for ~ pair of USEFUL LANGUAGE . The other team is nO'N asked a question. Heads. . they should 'MlI'k in their teams and WTlte some more questions to ask the opposite team. 6 7 8 9 10 secretary. join your teams. you \I'm. read a question from the categOl)'. sa heads or '011 5. Quizmasters. Quizmasters. they move forward.The Rules of the Game 1 Decide how many pairs of teams will play. I Tails. 3 Move into your teams and select a team 4 A.JllastCr: . Heads. 5 The other team star1s. . Your teacher will give you the questions.

. I'H be lying on beach in Rio. \lVhile I'm in England.we hB~ /19 eil8l. Here are some convnon fooctions of !irs! condillOl"\als: Advice If you want /0 moot new people. By the end of my stay.. I 8 will he dQjna:. graduAte 6 1he exam M Next Sunday.r ill~ computing at COllege now. .Is.jllJ.. In two weeks /he politiCians win completely different. but sometimes use modal verbs and imperatives in the main clause instead of Vt1II\'VOf'I't. try joining dubs or a gym..' H+. Promises /'11 be very careful If you Jet me use the car lomght. be accepted to identity.<6~ ItIs English exam. failed In physiOtherapy by June. (go) for lOts of country walks. 15 will he slo)'j!l~ (stay) with them for a week and we 6 will II!: goine. (do) a 101 of shoppng and going to shQv. got good grades 4 She eel6:R88 excellent grades on the exam.. I can't help you.he'll be watching the bg game. Unil12 looking ahead . Warnings If you don't tell me what the problem is. be arguiflg about something Complete the paragraph with the future progressive or future perfect of the verbs in parentheses. My sister 3 will be Wilj1jll~ (wait) for me. M ake any changes necessary. 12 wjll have arrjved (arrive) in London. We often use the prepositions by and before with the future perfect 1'/1 have sent the report to you by/before Friday. By two o'ckx:k. so I'll take some pictures for you. ruture perfect: wllVwon'r + have + past participle They'll have demolished the building by the rime you arrive. Offers Contact me if you need clarification on any of these points. (spend) a lot of money but r 10 will haVe seen (see) a lot of great shows. the a novel we hadn't was unfcur . I 9 will have sl!lilll.~e/! on my last malh test.. were tested on We use the future perlect to talk about a situation Of an actoo that win be completed by or befOff! a specific time in the future: 7 Harry 13 310d. Don'/ caRJlffllhis evening . I 4 will be sla)'illa (stay) WIth he( and her husband in the country. This tllne tomorrow I 1 will he O). I Ihink it's very diffICUlt 10 eH#eF Harvard. (tIy1 to England. you must provide proof of major in artIhiSlory be accepted to a cotlege or university do a degree in biochemistry/modern languages take a course in history Replace the words in italic with a word or phrase from the two lists above.. gol 5 I expect to flAeM IH)' eefle§8 68tff68 in electronics next year. Fo= future progressive: wilVwon'r + be + -ing verb We 'll be wsitlng at the end of the pia/form when your train arrives. The fdlowing wool< t 7 will be stayjng (stay) in a hotel in london. I hope. is taking relake it Wail for me. Julia will have completed her course 8 I liitlfl'f j8688 my driving test so now I have to 96 it ageiR. pass 2 Future progressive and future perfect Use We use the future progressNe to talk about a situation 01" an action thai will be in progress at a definite time in the Mure: 3 1 EA~ 19th'. We oftefl use the tIme expressions in X weekslmonthslyears and within (Ihe next) X weel<slmonthslyears with the Mure progre5SlVe: People wiD be traveling in fuel efficient cars within the next ten years. 2 I don't think I will ever §e. I'H have finished the dishes in five minutes. scorestgrades be tested on a topic/subject a lesVexam review /0( a tesVexam 2 Further education lake a course - Suggestfons Why not travel by train if you want 10 enter a graduate program see more of /he countryside? Requirements If you want /0 open 8 bank account. These are often based on the loon of the rll'St conditionaJ (see Unit 4).ef~I!!l1>8I!!I sludied.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Functions of conditionals Vocabulary Summary 1 Tests passltail a tesVexam get goodIbad lake/retake We often use conditionals to express functJons su:h as advice and promises.

-_~"''tt-"t""". a. ~ 0:::: ::) Section 3: Writing You have 60 minutes to complete this section. I he I-.TV t 2 ~ake a list of differences between writing a timed essay and . /5 -' 2 3 4 Accuracy: how accurate is the grammar and vocabulary? Variety: how varied is the grammar and vocabulary? Organizatien: How clear is the text? Are ideas logically .cellent 4 := very good 1 = poor 0 := ve ry poor 3 == good 2 '" borderline /5 130 2 Examining a sample answer a Read this lest-laker's answer._"locc="'lL'::~_ _1 """"c'. good time management IS essential.k ~ ''fi a>Ui ' usually bqp >VK1y fad /axi5. "J l .e. The best three will be published in January's edition of International TV magazine. impreve the student's answer by correcting the mistakes. Write your final answer neatly in the test booklet. Criteria 1 Content: hew fully did the candidate answer the question? Score for this work Question 1 Imagine you have just seen the following advertisement for an international TV magazine.huns e:ve:ry#u:1/. Use the examiners' criteria and the scoring system tc give the student's work a final score.fl Ln a wry !A-mp'.. Talk about any new techniques you have tried. when? b Many people think that passing an English test only requires. as well. looking ohead Unit 12 . ! . 7 Write your essay again. 6 Allow time te proofread your final essay. good Eng. too infermal.J > u. Having a structure for approaching writing is crucial. I a In groups. which are underlined. 3 Organize your notes into paragraphs. _1J1q. til£.J o Q. 3 Will you ever have to write a timed essay in English in the future? If yes. is it too formal. Successful entrants will receive a free subscription to the magazine fer .ed aJ. tk ."/UOlt on. How easy would it be for you to answer this question? ~<J<I REVIEW ReVj~w your action ptan: working with vocabulary - t~ I~ pairs. {/a-nue b!:.organized and does the w riting flow smoothly? /5 /5 InlemalionallV magazine • What is your favorite show on TV? • Why do you like it? We are looking for short artictes answering these 5 6 Style: Hew appropriate is the style for the context? I. Can you lind it? 1 Read the question very carefully. As tests are timed. Write your article for the International TV magazine (150-1S0 words).one witheut a time limit.lish. 4 Write a draft using complete sentences.C) z - The writing part of an exam 1 Looking at an exam question Read this exam question. Look at these seven recommended steps.s a 2 Make notes that answer the question. I ek at the new vocabulary entries you have made c Since Unit 11. There is one mistake in the order.. That is true but yeu need test-taking strategies. ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: werking w ith vocabulary Put yeur strategies into action! Write your answer te the exam question in Exercise 1. too. o >o u. You may make notes and write drafts on the paper provided. 1 Have yeu ever written a timed essay in yeur language or in English? q:.one year! Total score for Question 1 Scoring system 5 "" ex.e "¥. !la-nue OUWY5 shylY. Has the question been completely answered? Do you think this would pass or fall? Why? 3 Editing the sample In pairs. I i:eLeYl/nq tius and -me fdvre j trof. 4 Having a strategy j wrJ.t ~US':' .e to w an op. or jusl right? Reader: Hew easy would it be for the reader te understand what the writer says? /5 /5 questions. discuss these questiens.a. b Look at the answer more carefully. 5 Revise your first draft.

bul most of it is. 5 II's the weather I like most ahout Greece. J a warmmg 5 _ _ __ b . which ofthese shirts would you like? B I need more shirts so I'll take bothlalVeyetJ one of them.'I'm thinking about what you said. . 5 A When my mom died she len me 33. Whole cities 2 action IS not taken opinion is dividcd~n th ffithreatened.he automobile heard of. Furthermore. (told) She told me that sbe was thinking about what lsaid . she'll be angry. 1 Give me a call e 2 If you lend me five dollars. IS crops had benefited from Experts predict that b temperatures 3 end of the cenrury P . (thing) Tbe weather is tbe tbinl that 1 like most about Greece c Choose the correct answer. ruverslty of Maryland climate change 4 e action SOOn. th at hardly any of the students came. hadn't been invenrcd Slog ~at If r. c. sir. c 5 Try linding a cheaper apartment a a b c d e if you want to save money. The Water I~~el has been [lsmg in coastal areas and if . said that if we didn't tak . 1 a gOI b were gettin. (ought) The government requires that more money ought to be spent on p ublic health care 3 "I have no idea who the murderer is." she said. I'll pay you back tomorrow. if you need my help. Use the words in pa rentheses. (claim) She claimed to havelthat she had no idea who the murderer was . please. b. b 4 If you want to joi n the swimming club. 2 It is a requirement of the government to spend more money on public health care. or d to fill in the blanks in the article on the right. ' ~fessor Greenmore of the U· .t. 1 You have to wear a he lmet at all times on the building site (worn) A helmet must be worn at all times on the building site. The effects of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 1 WOrse and worse and if nothing is done they will COntinu: to have a damaging effect ~n the quality of life. H owever' One farmer told us that h~ e ects of climate change. Yes. to be precise.a Fill in the blanks using an appropriate expression of quantity. 4 A Is all ofthe equipment in the computer room new? B No." she sa id. c get @)lave been getting 2 a might have been (JYwill be c have d have been 3 a are increasing @ vi\l have increased c will be increasing d increase 4 a would have b may @ vould d will 5 a will never be b had never been beard @ vould never have hoon d won't be Global warming or global warning'f d Match the two halves to make complete and logical sentences . the effects of long-term effect Could be accelerate and the Professor Greenmore sa~atastro~hic. 2 A Do you usc any salt in your cooking? B JUSI enough to give the food a little more flavor. 4 . right? b Complete the second sentence so that it mea ns tbe same as the firs t one.5 degrees. two answers may be possible.y 2. everyone all both hardly any a little a few several two thirds half 1 A OK. In some cases.33% of the property. the increase in rain. you have 10 be at least 12 years old. a . 3 A Why are there so few students at school today? B There was so much snow. B And the other two Ibirds are equally divided between your brother and sister. d 3 If you take that without asking her. over 90% of it is new.

. c th e history of a fami ly. we will be Jjying in our new house. ___ _ h Choose the best definition of the following words. 2 The genome is a someone who is very intelligenl.1roline! I love you! And whal about the ch ildren? soap opera Both teams now have 12 points.getting into college. _ K5) Scientists predict that it will have ~ doubled by Ihe end of the 6) 2'lst century. G!\'I Foods: a possibl e solution? 1) Genetically modified food has become a conlroversial subject 21 in recent yea rs. If they are reall y opposed to the use of pesticides in 9) fa rming. But I passed them and tlnally entered the uni versity that fall . 1 A pesticide is chemi cal used to kill insects. or plant. :J An implant is a something YO ll pu l in the ground . Use the verb in parentheses. When did . g Think ortwo words that are ofte n used with the following containers.. 4 Crops aro a food for nnimal s. Our repo rtor. c a substance that makes plants grow. I have watched enough TV ror today. (work) present perfect progressive f Read the text below and look carefully at each line. tal k show current affairs documentary dra ma movie music program q u iz show reality TV s itcom soap opera s ports show the news va riety show 1 2 3 4 Harry.year 4 .he complete set of genes in a living thing. thell they must ~ consider the fact that GM foods are resistant e 10) to insects and if we J}JIe" change 10 GM foods in twenty years. so I'm goi ng to bcd. I've been working with a petrochemical company ever s ince then.® mmething placed in a person. OK .<!!»lants that are grown for food. But yo u can 't leave me. II 's a goal! What a goall The goalkeeper didn 't stand a chance. b water used to make plants grow. b a medicine given to animals. animnl. 5 A flood is a a period of exlreme dryness... the news A long pass . this question is for you. c m eat and vegetables. quiz show News has just come in abou t the conti n uing civil war in Zalibad . (li). If 7) The oplion of GM food should . 4 A bottle of: _ _ . ~} large amount of water that suddenly covers an area. 4) whOSE) population has been \1I«f increasing at alarming rates. (live) future p rogressive 3 In ten years. we will have finished the house. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which s hould not be there. (finish) future perfect 2 This time noxt year.. Complete the text with a word or words from the box. ! failed my final high schoo l exams. c something you feed animals. _ _ 5 A carton of: ___ . did getting into pass good grade fa il a test degree in retake reviewing for I had a hard time 1 .lI1 t lo watch the midnight movie. 11) pesticides could become a thing of the past...6 be taken seriously by environmcntal /C 8) orga nizHtions. I have_been working all day non-stop. (watch) present per fect 5 1'111 exhallsted. ___ ' ___ .1.. If we do not accept GM foods. Many I)f'scien1ists argue that GM food should be 3) adopted as th e onl y so lution to the problem of feeding the world. future perfect future progressive present perfect present perfect progressiv~ 1 By March. I did a four. _ __ 3 A jar of. Environmental organizutions 12) say that GM foods should not jd' be imposed un til we know mo re about the dangers. I used to sing and da nce fo r guests w hen they . ® Which kind orTV show do these lines come from? Choose from the list orTV shows in the box. Check (v) the correct lines and cross ()O those where there is an extra word. sports show 5 Host: And when did you know yo u wanled to be an aclress? talk show Actress: Since I was about six . famine wil! increase. Janssen passes the ba ll but Makelele intercepts. _ _ ' _ _ _ 2 A can of: . C. .. scientists will have found life on Mars. 1 A bagof.e Choose the best hmse from the list below to complete the sentences. so Illfld to 2 retake them. Team B. I spent all summer 3 reviewing for the exams while my friends were out having fun. Diane Case has this .degreeJn chemistry and after that 15 djd a Master's and specialized in petroch emicals. (find) future perfect 4 I dou' t w. Not all the words are used. moves past Wilson and shoots.

Beautiful by Christina Aguilera . J) but not everyone sees U Confucius 1 Getting started a Work in groups. Here are a famous American person and place which many people consider to be beautiful.. 2 Listening for gist ~ Read the questions and then listen to the song. Which is the most appropriate answer to these questions? 1 Where is the beauty the singer describes in the song? Q nside ourselves b in the world around us c nowbere to he found . Do you think they 're beautiful? Why / Why not? b Choose three people or places from your country and tell your group why you think they are the most beautiful..------"Everything has its beauty ..1' 2 What kinds of problems does the song refer to? a global b fam ilyGPersonal 3 What is the overall tone of the song? @ ptimistic b neutral c pessimistic Song 1 Beautiful .

. what is it you like? lfnot. words can't bring you down. Beautiful Don't look at me Every day is so 1 wonderful then suddenly. no. words can't bring me down. So 15 don 't you brillg me clown today . So 6 don't vou bring me down today To all your friends. no matter what we say. discuss these questions. Is that the way it is? You are beautiful 9 no mailer what they say Words can't bring you down. oh. 'Cause you are beautiful 10 in every s ingle way Yes. Trying hard to fill the 8 emptiness . How much do you agree with this? Can you think of any occasions when words havo hurt you or someone you know? .3 Listening for deta il ~ a Lislen and complete the song lyrics. no. left the puzzle undone. to bring someone down to depress someone.. oh . b In groups... the piece is gone. five. I'm so ashamed... Z There is an expression in English: Slicks and stones con breok your bones but words can never hurt YOII. oh.. it's hard to 2 Now and then I get 3 insecure from all the pain. We are beautiful 14 no mailer what they sa y Yes. oh no. breathe shine 'Cause we are beautiful 13 no mailer what they say Yes. what don't you like about it? Use the ideas on the right to help you. to be delirious 10 think or talk in a confused way because you are menIally or p hysically ill. I am beautiful 5 in every single way Yes. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. and six arc repealed. So 11 d on'l yoy bring me down today No matter what we do. I am beautiful 4 no mailer wh at they say Words can't bring me down . you're 7 delirious So consumed in all your doom. no. words won'l bring us down.. 1 What is the song ahout? Z Why does the subject pronoun change from ''I'' in the first verse and chorus to "you" in the second verse and chorus and then to "we" in the iast verse and chorus? GLOSSARY wonhIlyria sI"_'' ""'" 4 Finishing off Discuss those questions. words can't bring us down. Nole that the expressions in numoors four. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And evel)"'Nhere we go the sun will always 12 But tomorrow will find a way on the other side. Instruments Beautiful . to be consumed in all your doom to feel thaI your situation is so terrible thai you can only feel negative about everything.

have a baby together. The other characters have jobs ranging from massage therapist to soap opera actor. either in their careers or private lives.. female . talk about the questions you chose. Song2 111Be There ForYou \. for instance.. settle figh t fall bang there make downs common b Write down the names of two or three of your closest friends. there wi ll always be someone 8 tbere for them..I . you know they're going to 6 make up and become friends again. 1 Do all your friends know each other or do you have separate groups of fri ends? 2 Are your friends male.. Each one of them knows that if they are down. Ross. Monica. get married. II looks as if Joey and Phoebe will never rea lly 7 settle down.. two oflhe friends have a 4 fight and 5 fall out but before long. or both? 3 Do you have a different relationship with your male and fema le fri ends? 4 How did you meet them? 5 What do you have in common with your friends? 6 Where do you usually hang out? 7 Have you ever really fallen out with any of your fri ends? 8 What kinds of things have you had fi ghts about? 9 How did you manage to make up with them? 10 Have you ever dated any of your fri ends? c In pairs.. while her brother. Think about what you can say about the friends you've chosen. while two others. But one thing that is constant throughout is their friendship. is a paleontologist. is a chef. two of the characters. Ross and Rachel. Read the questions and pick four that you'd like to talk about. Ask and answer the other questions if you want to. Monica and Chandler. Over the years. You can use the words in the box below or your own ideas. their relationships have their ups and 3 downs • From time to time.I'll Be There For You by the Rembrandts Fr iends "Friends" is about a group of six young New Yorkers who share apartments and 1 hang out in the same toffee shop_ They don't seem to have very much in 2 common . In fact. 1 Getting started a Read this text about the American comedy series "Friends" and fill in the blanks..

your month.2 Listening for gist '-.. what is it you like? lf llot. T You're lale for work. F I'm an easy person to undersland . your week. but . And it hasn 't been your day. how m uch of it di d yo u un derstand before? images central message music instruments . Your 8 mother warned you there'd be days like these. but . things are going great.. I'll Be There For You So no one told you 1 life was gonna be this way. 2 Have you heard it before? If so. yo u could say you're stuck in second gear. Your job's a joke. I'm best with you. I' ll be there for you pour When the rain starts to 4 I'll be there for you like I've been there 5 before I'll be there for you 'Cause you're there for me 6 too You're still in bed at ten and work began at 7 eight You've burned your breakfast so far. day with. And it hasn't been your day. The first two have been do ne fo r you as examples. your love life is a disaster! stuck in secon d gear This is 8 driving metaphor. Seems you' re the only one who knows w hat it's like to be me.. you're 2 broke your love life's D. II's like you're always 3 stuck in second gear. F 4 I'll always be your friend. In other words. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your 9 Chorus No one could ever 10 _--"~o w kn ~. or even your year. You can only go very slowly in second gear! So if your life seems to be going nowhere. stands for 'dead on arrival' . T 3 This was a great year for you. or even your year. Listen and put ur" next to the true sentences and "F" next to the false sentences. knees Chorus singer's voice 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. your ffiDflth.A.:-_ me... T 5 6 7 8 I know you' re my friend.~ T hese sentences about the song are in the right order. 1 Everyone told you life wou ld be like this... . Yeah! It's like you're always stuck in second gear. what don't you like about it? Usc the ideas on the right to help you. 1 Do you like the song? if yes.D. T Everything's fine today. Even at my worst.. J 2 You do n 't like you r job. F 3 Listening for detail ~ Read the words of the song and then listen and fill in the blanks. but some of them are not true. Song 2 .. no one could ever see me. make it through all the rest with Someone to face the 11 Someone I'll always 12 laugh with... your week.

the context is work. c Now check your answers by matching the expressions in bold with the correct meaning below.-€D him~ CE!9'her hi ~ 5ong3 Cry Me A River . I saw them looking at rings in a jewelry store.. 1 He really burned his br idges when he left the company when he . with your parlner. a to get information 6 b to seem as if it has been destroyed 5 c to waste an opportunity 2 d to be sure of something 4 e to be driven crazy by something/someone 3 f to make sure there is D O chance of going back 1 d In the sentences above. "'-' it's a mystery to me. 4 J bet he's going to give the job to d And rea. working because b Guess the meaning of the words in bold from the context. by arriving late for the interview.-___ a so can'. we go back to the old one? she's always been his favorite ! 2 She's really blown her chance of b th e job 3 This new computer program is c rea lly messing with my head.Cry Me A River by Justin TImberlake 1 Getting started a Match the firs t and second halves of thase sentences. Listen and circle the correct answer for each of the questions below. For example. isn'. Now. 1 Whose plans were destroyed? 2 Who fo und out about them? 3 Who burned their bridges? 4 Who wasted their opportunity? 5 Who cried a river before? 6 Who's going to cry a river now? h is~ 9 / hcr him. 6 Can you find out why the Intern~ f it meant everything to me. '-. use the same expressions to describe a relationship. in fact I'm sure of it because 5 My whole world came crashing e down when I lost my job · ~ told his colleagues exactly what he thought ofth em./ 2 Listening for gist ~ You're going to listen to a song in which a guy tells a girl about their relationship. you could say: I bet my brother's going to marry his girlfrie nd.

leaving sad other refuse earth a lready talked honesty alone turn Cry Me A River You were my sun. what don 't you like about it? Use the idoas below to help you. 13 already know. Then listen and check. you were my 1 earth But you didn't know all the ways I loved you. Cry me a river. Images central mess. I already know. for you and me. You should've picked B honesty . you made 2 other plans. And don't it make you 10 sad about it. Cry me a river. what is it you like? If not. AU of the things people told me keep messing with my head . But it wasn't like you only 7 talked to him and you know it. Girl. You told me you loved me. I 5 refu se : you must have me confused w ith some other guy. Your bridges are burned and now it's your 6 turn to cry. And don't it make you sad about it. al l 4 alone 7 Now you tell me you need me when you call me on the phone. What things could you say to him to mako him feel beller? . Cry me a river. Cry me a river. musk: instruments Z Imagine that you wore one of the singer's closest friends.3 Listening for detai l ~ Complete the SOilS with the words in the box. But I bet you didn't think the thing would come crashing down. 50 you took a chance. I found out from him. yeah yeah 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. Chorus (Oh) The damage is done so I guess I be 9 leaving You don't have to say what you did. then you may not have blown it. no. for you and me. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. no. Why did you leave me. (Don't act like you don't know it). Now there's just no chance. You don't have to say what you did. don't let that be. Now there's Just no chance. I found out from him . Cry me a river Go on and just cry me a river 'Cause I've already cried Cry me a river yeah yeah Ain't gonna cry no more. You know that they say some things are bener left unsaid. don't let that be.

c a a small piece b read incorrectly c to walk without any direction or fixed purpose d become weaker or less bright e throw away f become we ll or whole again c The tit le of the song you are going to hear is "Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me". 6 We don'. I wenl to the wrong street . need a map. did YO ll learn anythi ng else about what the singer means by the phrase "Don'. how might they be connected with a song abou t a relationsh ip? For instance. e 3 Unfortunately. We're just goi ng to wander around tho city for a few hours.the colors will fade.I must have mis rea d the address. b The six highlighted words in the sentences below are all in the song. h Having listened to the song once. if you hoar about a door being closed first. his broken leg look several months to hea l. a 5 Don'. 1 Sorry I'm late. leI The SUn Go Down On Me . Thinking ahout the six words in exercise l b and the title. dry your now I-shirt in the sun . read the sentences and then match the words with the correct definitions below. b 2 Pi ease do not discard food containers Oil the beach. leI the sun go down on me"? 5ong4 Don'. For exam ple. then write the number 1 next 10 that picture. r 4 A fr agment of a lost Shakespeare play has beon discovered in tho British library.Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John 1 Gett ing started a This song was a big hit for Elton John and George MichaeL Toll your partner anything you know about these Iwo s ingers. how could " misreading" be a problem in a relationship? 2 Listening for gist ~ a Listen and put the pictures in the order you hoar them mentioned in the song. d ©. Before you listen to the song.

what is it you like? If not. it's always someone else I see I'd just allow a fragment of your life to wander 8 free But 9 losing everything is like the sun going down on me. Too late to save myself from 4 falling I took a chance and changed your way of life But you misread my 5 meaning when I met you Closed the door and left me blinded by the 6 light Don't let the sun go down on me 7 Although I search myself. words/tyrks images stnger's voke cent. Were your predictions right? What con nection do the words have with the relationship described in the song? '--- 4 Finishing off a Do you like the song? If yes. Where there's life. what don't you like about it ? Use the ideas below to help you. Don't let The Sun Go Down On Me I can't light no more of your 1 darkness . Look on the hrisht side. c Do you have similar expressions in your language? Tell your partnor about a time whon you needed to use or hoar one of these expressions. b Find tho six words you made predictions about in Exercise t c.3 Listening for detail ~ a Read tho words of tho song and then listen and fill ill the blanks. "Don't lot tho sun go down on me" cou ld mean "Don't tako away a ll hope". I can't find.al message rhythm music chorus instruments b The expression. All my pictures seem to fade to black and white tired and time stands still before me I'm growing 2 Frozen here on the :3 ladder of my life. there's hope. oh. The dorkest hour is just before the dawn. There 's /iSht at the end of the tunnel. the right 10 romantic line But see me once and see the way I feel Don't discard me just because you think I mean you 11 But these cuts I have they need 12 love harm to help them heal. . Hero are other expressions in English abou t "light" and "hope".

W Tho singer is sen t to a school where he is socia lized . . Ch~~ the box thai represe nts yOW" op iniOn for each sontence.. CD The singer is happy and open to his world. Schools give children the discipli ne they need to beco me useful members of society...... o o educalion in particular can shape our personality and limit our individuality... o o o 0 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0 o o o .. Predict the order of these slages and then listen to the song and check yo ur answers... 50095 The logicol Song ... T hen compare and discuss your answers with your partner. AU good schools help chitdren to discover and develop their creativity. Here are some opinions about this subject.The Logical Song by Supertramp 1 Getting started "Tho Logical Song" is about how education in general and sch ool o o 0 o 0 0 School days afe the best days of your life.. o III The singer becomes angry and rebellious. The mai n purpose of school is to preserve the status quo.... Children should be free to study what and when they like." 2 Listening fo r gist @ Tho song examines diff~rent slages in the si nger's life.. It is n't the role of a school to teach children what's right and wrong.. GLOSSARY 10 preserve the sta lus quo to keep things the way they have been traditionally. !II T he Singer begins to question his education .

4 J wish you were a bit more responsi ble about your work: you just don't seem to care. we'd like to feel you're acceptable. And then they showed me a 4 world where I could be so dependable. Won't you please. G YOli expcct me to bolieve that your dog ate your homework!? Marlin. It was hard 10 get inspired at school . But what do you think? Discuss with your partner whether any of tbese sentences wero true for you or someone you knew. playfully 2 watching mel But then they sent me away 10 teach me how to be 3 sensible . that is completely a h!>urd ! ' . . well they'd be sInging so happily. a 8 vegetable I 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. 2 Tho song takes a very nogative view o f growing up and education. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. It seemed that life was so wonderful. a miracle. In the ten years that she has worked with the bank sho bas never been lale fo r work.' ~ b Now liston to lho song and numbe r tho words in the box above in tho ordor you hear thom in the song. oh. practICal. when all the world's asleep. Thoro's somo good in everyone. you know. I was more creative as a child Ihan I am now. respectable. what don't you like about it? Usc tho ideas on the right to he lp you.it wasn'l just inlcllcclunl stuff. a fanatIcal 7 criminal ! Oh won't you sign up your name. oh It was beautIful. Thornton is a vcry dependable employee. 3 Ms. be so cynical . the 5 questions run too deep for such a simple man. I know it sounds absurd. We wera made 10 feel responsible for our own learning. 1 magical [ And all the bIrds In the trees. watch what you say or they'll be calhng you a radical. responsible dependable presentable practical cynical absurd 1 For goodness' sake. cynICal. what is it you like? if not. a liberal. There are times. Then listen to the song again 'and fill in the blanks.the leachers wera too cynical. but please tell me 6 who I am. I cried a lot when I first wont to school. Now. Io9l<al. Joyfully. Intellectual. We learned plenty of practical subjccls at school. complete the sentences below with the most appropriate adjectivo. The Logical Song When I was young. presentable. S lie's 8 good candidate on papor. 2 Don'.3 Listening for detail a There are II number of adjectives inlhc song. ~ c Now read lhe song and check your answers. please tell me what we've learned. but he doesn't have much practical expericnce in everyday business. clinical. put on a clean shirt! You've got to be presentahle for tho interview. Before you listen 10 it again. responsible.

Which story is the most romantic / the strangest / the most original? Song 6 Come Away With Me . Come Away With Me..1 Getting started a Look at this list of words commonly used when talking about the music world. the year. Since ____ then. singer/songwriter studio label charts track album touring stage musicians copies gig/concert band/group awards fans b Read this short article and complete the text using some of the words from Exercise la. GLOSSARY the Grammy Awards (he mosl important annual awards gi ven to performers and music writers by the American Music Industry..... they were signed by America's most famous jazz 5 label "B lue Note" and recorded their first 6 album Come Away With Me.. tell some other students your story. Check that you know all of them. which went straight to the top of the 8 charts in 16 different countries. and blue ~ c You're going to listen to one of Norah Jones' most famous songs. but it seemed t hat music was in her blood. In 1999.. This was an incredible track ... When you're finished.. jazz.. gig on her 16th She played her first 2 birthday an d went on to win a number of special 3 awards for her jazz singi ng. She was brought up by her American mother in Texas. this talent ed 9 songwriter hasn't stopped singi ng her unique blend of country.. In 2000. However. In 2004 .. -. make up a short story with your partner including all the pictures. All of the images on page 145 are mentioned in the song. Ravi Shankar. She began si nging in church when she was five and took up the piano two years l ater. Jones foll owed t his up with the album . she has never lived in India.ColT' ~ worldwide success and the title 7 Away With Me was one of the most played songs 0 ... She went on t o sell nea rly 2 0 million albums in the fi rst t wo years and won eight Grammy Award s. but soon formed her own group. Before listening. she moved to Manhatta n and start ed pl ayi ng wi th a 4 group called "Wax Poetic". Feels like Home. . Norah Jones is the daughter of one of India's most famo us 1 musicians ....

. or romantic? wordsllyrks singer's voke central message rhythm chorus Images musK instruments b In grou ps.2 Listening for gist Now listen to the song and put the pictures in exercise lc into the order you bear them. so write " 1 " next to that picture. you'll hear ''I'll write you a song" first. 4 Finishing off a Do you liko the song? If yes. discuss these questions.. Then listen again and write the missing words.·they" are in verse two? 2 Why does tho singer ask her lover to go away with her "in the night "? 3 Why do you th ink the lovers in the song might need to leave? 4 Do you know any stories of lovers who have run away? . Come Away With Me Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they can't 1 With their 2 lies I want to walk with you on a cloudy day In fields where the yellow grass grows 3 Knee high So 4 won't you try to come? tempt us Come away with me and we'll 5 On a mountain top kiss Come away with me And I'll never stop 6 loving you For I want to 1 wake up with the rain Failing on a tin roof While I'm 8 safe there in your arms So alii ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me ~ . . b Wbafs the relationship between the singer and the person she's singing to? 3 Listening for detail ~ a Read the lyrics and check the order of the pictures. _. why not? Use the ideas be low to help you. original .. Do you find any of the images in the song beautiful. what is it you like? If not.. For example. 1 Who do you think .

Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b
Read the role your teacher gives you.

Role C : membe r of local chamber of commerce Role A: local resident
You really do not want the hostel to be built on the land . Before the hospital was burned down, the area was very pleasant to live in. It has deteriorated over the last two years, and you think it will get worse if the hostel is built as it win attract some undesirable people. You think this will affect property prices and will become dangerous for the children in the area. The area is quite bui\t* up and you think the land should become a park, with a children's play area, and maybe a swimming pool. There is an industrial area on the other side of the city, which you feel would be a better site for the hostel. You are also personaUy worried about how this would affect the value of your property. You recognize that such centers are needed, but why on your doorstep? Your concern is the economic weU-being of the city. It used to be a very wealthy city, but that has changed over the last ten years as a number of businesses have moved away. The area of the city under discussion is a prosperous residential area, and you feel that a commercial center, with banks, shops, and businesses would be a much better use of the site. It would encourage the wealthy residents to spend money, and as it is on the outskirts of the city, it would also encourage people from the surrounding area. You could also benefit financially from such a project as you have a building company.

e ess people. Most f homeless people d 0 the problems in the i . 0 not cause alcoholics and dr~~y~~~~r: ~re a few people would stand a '~~c~tbthese chance of 9 tf etter lived . h e mg treatment ;f they m a ostel It wo Id I that the h . u a so mean jobs and could get the city S h e wealth of also h~lp u~ou a development would fru t . r career as you are s rated In your present job.

~;~e t hostel that could tagk:~~~n~~~

~~~:I~s~ re:1 PrOblem in the city with P two smau h:t:isT~re are currently enough beds. This ;ite ~tbithere aren't

Role. B: social worker

Role 0 : local doctor
You can't understand why the old hospital isn't going to be rebuilt. It was a small, old-fashioned hospital -and after the fire all the patients were. moved to the main city hospItal. However, the main _ hospital isn't big enough to cater for the whole city, so another hospital is needed, and there is now the opportunity to build one that is -bigger and more modern, and which could have specialist units. Furthermore, a new hospital would "benefit you personally as your office would probably be incorporated "into the hospital.


Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b

You are relieved that your parents know about your hobby, but you are determined to continue it. However, you know that you are going to have to make some compromises to continue, because you need their support. You also hope that they win buy you a motorcycle for your 18th birthday. You'll have to think of a couple of very good reasons why they should. Be prepared to listen to your parents' arguments and agree to anything sensible. Reassure them th~t you will continue to study and you WIll go to college . You really want a motorcycle, but you'\I wait to get a good one, and you have some money that you can contribute towards the cost.


You are horrified at Emma's hobby and you're very angry that she hid it from ¥ou. You also don't like Jake, her boyfriend, whose bike she uses. You want her to stop motorcycling but you don't want to have a huge argument about it. You're worried that it's dangerous, especially racing .

You are also concerned about Emma's hobby, but you're not as worried as her mother. You know that Emma is a sensible girl and that she doesn't take unnecessary risks. You are worried about the cost of a motorcycle if she continues, though, and the costs of insuring it. You also feel that she should be using a small, not very powerful bike right now, as she hasn't had a lot of experience. You're prepared to pay some of the money towards a motorcycle for her birthday, but not a\1.

Try to persuade Emma to stop racing and to go o~ the motorcycle only in safe, places, I.e. not on main roads. You re aware that she has probably not had a proper course in riding a motorcycle, and offer to pay for one before she gets a bike of her own.

Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 4d Read the next paragraph of the story.

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Exercise 4c/d Choose one part from each of groups 1. 2 and 3 to write your description.

I climbed the chain-link barrier fence while the two brothers took the tension out of the barbwire strands at the top. Enough so I could straddle the fence, get one foot on the concrete wall of the aqueduct and drop some ten or twelve feet to the bottom. Then they lowered the bikes down to me su.s~nded on their belts. We rode for miles dOw~ this grant cOrridor of cement, the wheels of our bikes bumping over the brown lines of caulking used to seal the seams. Except for those seams it was the smoothest, flattest surface I'd ever ridden a bike on. (Story ending: The bo% spend hours bike riding in the aqueduct and through a tunnel, and they are eventually picked up by the police and taken home.)

Group 1

Group 2


Unit 6 Lesson 4 Exercise 7a Read the full version of the story of tho hitchhiker. A friend of 8 friend was driving along the Massachusetts Highway one night when he noticed a young woman walking along the side of the road. Concerned for her safety, he pulled over and asked her if she would like a ride. Without saying a word. she got into the car. As they were driving, he tried to engage her in conversation, but she remained silent and didn't say a single word during the entire journey. At the end of the Highway, he stopped at somo lights. The young woman got out of the car without saying goodbye or thanks. Thinking sho was extremely ungrateful, the man drove off and thought no more about her. A feW days laler he was cleaning his car when he noticed a purse on the floo r. Inside the purse was Ihe address of a house not too far away so he decided to return it to the young woman. when he arrived at tho house, an old man opened the door. The young man exp lained that he had come to return the purse to the young woman who lived there. The old man looked at the purse in amazement. "This purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed in a car accident on tho Massachusetts Highway more than 20 years ago."

Group 3

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Exercise 3 A So, this question. Which of these does not go with the word white? a) meat, b) bread, c) tea, d) egg. B Well, we definitely use white with egg . e Isn't it meat? D Na, I don't think so. Chicken is white meat. e Oh, you're rii ht. A It's c, tea, right? We can have black tea, but we say tea with milk, not white tea, right? D Yes, that's right, so it's c. What's the next question? A What is the name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it: a) the Black Sea, b) the Sea of Marmara, c) the Mediterranean Sea, or d) the Caspian Sea? C Oh, that's difficult. I have no idea. D Well , let's try to figure it out. It isn't the Mediterranean. B No, that's right. And the Caspian Sea is in Russia, I think. What do you think, Laura? A Yes, I think you're right. So maybe irs the Black Sea? C No, I think you're wrong, Laura. I went to the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. D So ... do we all agree that it's the Sea of Marmara? All Yes, let's put that ...

Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 2c So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to bum fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now, we will have run out of them within a couple of generations. We need to look at clean, renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and tidal power. But what is the present government doing? In a word, NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this, our future looks dark, very dark. If pollution continues to increase, our towns and cities will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. We'll be living in a world where, when it rains, it will rain ACID ... acid rain. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Facemasks ... facemasks will have become common in towns and cities. Vou see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemask today, but that's not the norm. Imagine ... a world where every living person wears a facemask. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie, I'm talking about your street, your town, your city ... I'm talking about your world ! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic, so much traffic, ladies and gentleman, that parking will have become a major problem. There will simply not be enough space to park your car. Parking places on the street - fulL Public and private parking lots - full! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. Already gridlock is a common, everyday problem. Imagine in ten years, my friends! Just imagine. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lack of clear policy on genetically modified food: and the way things are going, sadly, much of our food will soon be genetically modified. It may look like the answer in the short term, but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the health of our people? And that's not all. The economy will continue to deteriorate and, as a result, our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels, perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy - a vote for the people party. So on Thursday, vote for us, vote for ...

Answers and scores
Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise zb
Un it 4 Develop your writing Exer cise s b Compare this model paragraph with the one you have written.

Figure out your partner's score llnd read the analysis. Do you agree?


_ _ _'_ '_._

_ _

._ _ - -. ~ - . -1--

Internet addict or Internet phobe?

1 a3 2 a1 3 a1 4 a3

b2 b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b2 01


5 a1 6 a1 7 a3

b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b 2 01

An a lYSis

18-21 : You're hooked on the Internet! If you don't start cutting back soon you may end up "disconnected" from the rea l world!
11-17: You have a healthy interest in information technology but you balance it with an interest in ~reallife". 7-10: Is your life affected at all by recent developments in

Ji-rwlLy, there is the quesb:on. rf fw.,edgm. and oLtgai:vm.s in tk fa-wLJi. On. """ ,",wi, _ Imngs duua. On 1M dheo-, " 1m"!!, ~. ')rkm. fw.,edgm. and ~ are nd 6aLa-need, there is cqn,f{jd. JOy exa'"rnfle, a !:ee?lL1ffY -wanis f:.o go !:o a po;.ty and tk pJ.;yenis dIJ nd -wani tIwm. f:.o ffJ. )tow can flus ccnftid be ewied. l /3df.. pa..ties -need 'WOYk. /;0 u">Ui.e:r1;a.nd the dhc:Ys peYSpx1:i've and I:d..e ~ fq,- theiy O>+n adions. .k paYenls -need f:.o 5Iurw theiy ciuld.Yen I:.Iu1l -wJh fw.,edgm. COmeS ~, so chi!d.Yen need 5Iurw paren1:s t/uU; !:ky can -manage t/uU; ~. In my w"W, the I:ee~ sIwuld.. tei1l:J-.ei.y paYems wf1ere t-ky aYe gccng, ..,.,.fll1f; k'»le !:ky ...dt niurn. fu:rme, and ask. ~ !:o go.




~y tkn needs !:o fuLfill theiy otligalwn. £wY]! b.'»Ie a paYe:n1 and a ciuld.'s /::rn1; is wi fmi<.e.n, freedom ...dt i~. Of cau:r!e, alL !:fu.s is ea5[ey sad I:f.an done. Hc»e-yey, by tnd and em?Y a-nd. genu..?1£ Lo-ve and wn.dedandJ.-ng fa~ can 6ecurne ewn. ~.

Information Technology? You are in no danger of getting hooked bu t it may be a good idea to explore the Internet a little more: it might enrich your life rather than limit it.

Un it 5 Develop your learning Exercise lb Check the key to the questionnaire.

Uni t 4 Lesson 3 Exercise l b

25·36: An excellent score! You're getting lots of good practice and if you
keep doing these things your confidence can only grow. As they say, the best way to improve your speaking is to speak and you're certainly doing that . But that doesn't mean you should sit back and relax. Keep looking for ways to challenge yourself.

Look at the analysis for your score. Do YOli agree?

Your score
M ostly a: you're a fa ir-weather friend, You use your friends and see them when it suits you, but drop them Quickly if you no longer want their friendship. Do you have any old friends?

13-24: You're doing a lot of things riglit. Congratulations! But don't stop
there. There are still opportunities to take. Look down the list and see what you can work on . And although having imaginary conversations with yourself in English may sound half crazy, it does work. So build on the good work you're dOing!

Mostly b: you're a very good friend. but you're probably not quite as honest In friendships as you should be. You don't say what you think. so people don't always believe what you say. Mostly c: you 're a great friend. You probably have a lot of close friends because you are very caring and loyal. You make friends easily and keep friends fOl" a long time.


Things aren't too bad and can only get better. Most people feel uncomfortable speaking in a foreign language but one thing is for sure - it will only get better if you work at it. Start by speaking more in class. You can also record yourself speaking English or have imaginary conversations ;n English. It rea lly helps. So start today - life's too short to miss opportunities and you never know where English could take you. Good luck!

U n it 4 Lesson 4 Exer cise 38 Check your answers

ami re"d the analysis for you.

Un it 7 Lesson 3 Exercise lc Read the analysis for your score. Do you agree?

a - O b- I c - l a -I b- O c - l a-O b - I c - l a -I b - l

a -O

b- I

c - O c - O

c -I

You haven't learned how to be assertive, have you? You shou ld take credit for the work you do and make more of your career opportunities. Don't let people take advantage of you _ You have your beliefs and you stand up for them, but you also respect the rights of others to express t heir views _You've gotten a good balance into your life. confident but you should try and show more consideration for other people's feelings and views.


Well, you're very honest (If you've answered the quiz honestly, of courser). Lying or cheating really isn't your thing, is ttl Good for your 9-19: You have been known to lie or try to cheat the system a IJttle, but who hasn't' There may be the odd occasion when being a little dishonest Is acceptable, but don't do it very ottent 20-32: Have you really told the truth in answering the questions or is that not In your nature' Your score suggests that you think nothing of being dishonest - but what do other people think about this!
Unit 9 Lesso n 2 Exercise lb Check your ans wers to th e 1.Q. puzzles.


7· 12. You've become a bit too aggressive: it's good to be

1 c 2 d 3 b 4 The man is very short and can't reach the
bulton for th e 10th floor.

Communication activities


Student A
Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise lb Read the text about SlIlma Hayek's cnrl y life. Complete the graph.

soap opera
went to

moved to LA

became an



went to school in Louisiana kicked out
of school




dropped out of university

Livin' the Vida Loca

5alma Haye k is the first Mexican actres~ to Hollywood movie star Since become a R' Ha ek was bom in Veracruz, Dolores De lio. Y 2 1966 He r parents M 'co on Septem ber, . eXI, a rivate Catholic school in

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exen::ise 1 b Read the text about ka rate. then go back to page 82.

sent her to


11 The school
• . behave

Louisiana whe n she was

expelled h e r because she used to mls constantly. and so she had to return

In college she stu

Karate is a form of martial art originating over two thousand years ago in India. However, it is now known as a Japanese martial art: it was brought to Japan via China and became established there in the 17th century. The word karate means "empty hand", which describes the open hand technique used now - the sport used to involve closed fist fighting before it evolved into its present form. The aim of karate is to be in total control of the muscles in your body so that you can use them with force and accuracy. Experts often break objects to show mental and physical training but when

Martial arts:
they fight, their blows do not make physical contact. The sport is based on attacks with the feet or the hands, but the force and momentum comes from the hips, so good balance and hip rotation is everything. Many people take up karate as self-defense, although for many others the martial art and the philosophy behind it form a way of life.

d' d Intemational Relations

but she didn't finish her studies; instea • ~ e d out with the intention of becoming droppe arents didn't agree at fi~st, an actress. Her p ' d to goong h Hayek wasn t use bU~i:~~hh:~gparents' wishes, she ~ollo",:ed ~er



~;stincts. Her first break w;S gett~~;~o:ul: i~

local theate r, which didn t pay . Then she got a starrmg . was good experience. The role in a popularTV soap opera. Tereso . . Hayek famous m shoW'S success ma d e . Mexico. Despite her success, she deCided to quit the show and to move to L.A. to make a career in Hollywood.

misbehave act in an unacceptable way instincts natural feelings


martial to do with war or fighting
momentum the rorce thai keeps something moving


Communication octivities

T h is solution used local materials. The Faculty (1998). We want 3 global ban on GM . five years .e. there is an unp redIctabIlity and uncertainty in genetic modific3tion because of a 13Ck of knowledge about how genes work. and the grasses were used to feed anim~ls. tcchnical solution thai wlil lead to orner problems later. not expensIve technology. she used to avoid the movie crowd when she first arrived there. example. Th.. UtaI s. and Dogma (1999). bombe d at the box. was a success With both critics a nd audiences. Unfortunately.S. did muc h be ~ter. On th e contrary.-'. she decided not to pursue her career immediatety in LA. the movie that followed F o . Haye k had a starring role in Wild Wild Wen.StudentB U nit 2 Lesson 1 Exer cise 1b Read the text and complete the graph about Sa1ma Hayek's life after sho moved from Mexico to the U. Haye k released Frida base d on the life of the fa mous M exica~ painter. which starred Antonio Banderas I put Haye k on the Hollywood map: Unfortunately. This was done with corn and the crop doubled. a tee n thriller. which a lso starred Will Smith a n~ Kevin Kline.The alternative is to plant a kind of grass that gelS nd of the insects. rom usk. In the sam e year. In late 2002. d systcm \\-"O. There are other \~ays that can acmallY provide a better long-term solunon. ~e GM solution is 3 quick. For . Hayek spent her first yea r learn ing English and sh e also learned to drive. ~ unger in the world is to do wi th mo ney. Road th e arguments against GM foo d and complete the table on page 106.S. Frida Kahlo. say. Grecnpeacc says food supply is nOI the issue. ® Dogma Despemdo The Faculty Frida was a huge success learned to drive @ ® ® good ® learned English From Dusk TIll Dawn bombed Wild Wild West bad Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 311 Livin' the Vida Loca Although Hayek was use d to considerable success and fam e in Mexico. office. which is why wc muSI find alternatives. BUI we must ha\"C 3 right to look carefully al those that are da ngerous. He r next moyie Desperado. biotechnology provides resistance to certam insects but only for 3 period of. They won't be. the film was a disaster. in any country whcre merc·s been a democracy.. Instead. Even dun ng the famines in Ethiopia. ne\"er been a serious faminc •.. We 3re not saying that all GM cropS arc dangc rous. Till Dawn ( 1996).. The film wa s a huge success in the U. The actress got her first big break in 1991 when she starred in My Crazy Life. GM food: the arguments against Although we haven't proved that ~M ~~ps are dange rous.. the government exported f~ from there because that was the way me economiC ". GLOSSARY pursue to follow a courso of action bomb (in this context) to be a failure GLOSSARY biotechnology science basad on cells and bacteria ban stopping someone from doing something Communication aetMties 151 .

words won't bring us down. too. In the last verse and chorus. irs hard to breathe. oh. ~~---------------------------------------------------. words can't bring you down. 'Couse we ore beautiful no molter what they soy. Students have to listen and "choose" the wo rd they hear. oh. 4 Finishing off Discuss lhe questions in Exercise 4 as a class. 3 Listening for detail Play the song agnin. Answers: The song is ahout how everybody is beautHul inside. • 1Iemative Put studen ts in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 3b. Preseillalion If students have problems hearing the missing words. no. oh. To all your friends you're delirious. In the chorus. I'm so ashamed. no. But tomorrow will find a wayan the other side. Don't look at me Every day is so wonderful then suddenly. Use these pictures when doing the group work task in exercise 1 . Trying hard to fill the emptiness. and saying tbat they should feel beautiful. I am beautiful no molter what they soy.Units 1 &2 Beautiful Lead in by Christina Aguilera Bring in your own pidures of beautiful people and things: pop and film stars. Is that the woy it is? Song 1 T 134-13S Beautiful . Addiflonol activity What makes a person beoutifvl? Ask students to work in small groups to make 0 list of five or six things thot make a person beautiful inside and/or outside. You ore beautiful no molter what they soy. Words can't bring you down. Ask students to listen and complete the lyrics. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And ~erywhere we go the sun will always shine. You may need to play it more than once. So don·t you bring me down today. she is speaking directly to the people listening to her. teft the puzzle undone. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions in Exercise 2 carefully as a class. We ore beautiful in fNCry single way. No molter what we do. even if other people are criticizing them. 1 Getting started Put students in groups of four or five to do the task in Exercise 1. no. or piny and pause. words con·t bring us down. ("ugly" and as hamed because she's famous and has too much exposure). words con't bring me down. the pieces gone. So don't you bring me down today. Play the song. Sa don·t you bring me down today. Yes. Now and then t get insecure from all the poin. ·Couse you ore beautiful in ~ery single way. Yes. Words con·t bring me down. write them at random on the board. she is saying that everybody shou ld feel confident about being positive and "'beautiful". Yes. Yes. 10m beautiful in ~ery single way. Ask students to listen and choose the best answe r. oh. no molter whot we soy. and should have the confidence to feel beautiful. Let students check their answers in pairs. no. In the first verse the singer is singing about how she feels. etc. So consumed in all your doom. locations in students' countries.

rm best with you. etc. A friend is forever. make rt through all the rest with I'll Be There For You T1 36-137 Song 2 . You've burned your breakfast so far. And it hasn't been your doy. Yeah! trs like you're arways stuck in second gear. @ ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask student to read the words of the song carefully. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing as a class. Then put them in pairs to discuss their answers. or even your year. Your mother wamed you there'd be days like these.and get married. your week. . no one could ever see me. buy a house. Your job's a joke. Play the song for Exercise 2. you're broke. No one could ever know me. but . Someone rll always laugh with. So no one told you life was gonna be this way.. In the feedback. Ask students to listen and fill the rest ofthe blanks. Ask students to listen and write T or F. Give students three or four minutes to prepare answers to the questions they have chosen. A friend is . I'll be there for you When the rain starts to pour I'll be there for you Uke I've been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Even at my worst. Ask What are the names of the characters? What do they do? Can you remember any words from the theme song? 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the text with the words in the box. A friend is someone you can trust. rll be there for you When the rain storts to pour I'll be there for you Uke rve been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Addi1ional acIivity 6S~-------------------------------------------------------------------. ask three or four students to tell the class what their partner told them. For example. Play the song again. your month. Vocabulary connected with friends: share on apartment = live in the same apartment Vocabulary hong oul (with friends I in cofesl = spend lime together fall oul = hove an argument and slop being friends make up = apologize and be friends again sett!e down = stop being young and "free" . have babies. When it hasn1 been your day.OA Irs like you're always stuck in second gear. Ask students to share their ideos with the class. your love life's D. things are gOing great. I'U be there for you When the rain storts to pour 111 be there for you Uke I've been there before 111 be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to read through the statements carefully. Ask students in pairs or small groups to complete the sentence starter above in five different ways. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your knees that . your week.Units 3 &4 I'll Be There For You by The Rembrandts Lead In Ask students what they know about Friends. and fill in any blanks they can remember. Seems you're the only one who knows what irs like to be me. your month. etc. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. or even your year. but . You're sfill in bed ot ten and work began at eijght. Someone to face the day with.

Oh Cry me a river IBoby go on and justl ~ Cry me a river rfou can go on and just) Cry me a rivef. II already know. But I bel you didn1 think your thing would come crashing and now it's your turn to cry. here. I already know. refuse is a verb.be. Ask When did you losl cry? Whot kinds of things make you cry? What do you think Cry me a river means? 1 Getting started Ask students to match the sentence halves and then check their answers in pairs. Why did you leave me. You told me you loved me INtrv did you leave me. point oul to students thai. oh Cry me a river. who! you did) I already know. who! you didl I already know. INa chonce. What does burn bridges literolly mean? Why is il a good metaphor for saying you can'.. You don'. yeah yeah IAin1 gonno cry no more. Elicit responses from the class and discuss the answers to Exercise 1 a to le. ask. l lound CUI from him. note some good contextuaiized examples of the language and write them on Ule board . 3 Listening for detail Ask students to try to complete the song with the words in tbe box. all alone? Now you teH me you need me when you coil me on the phone. So you took a chonce. you must hove me confused with some ather guy. 1"\0. uh) Now there's just no chance. Let them discuss ideas with a partner. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. !When you call me on the phone] Girt. you and mel And don't it make you sod abou' it. yeah IOhi The damage is done So I guess I be . All of these thilgs people lOkI me keep messing with my head. Your bridges were burned me when you call me. Before they do the lask. (Cry me. [Messing with my head) You should've picked honesty. You tokl me you loved me. whot you did. for you and me. Oh the damage is done So I guess I be leaving. ~ Note Play the song again. oh Cry me a river. oh ICry me. ~ WOSI"I11ike you only talked 10 him and you know it.. you must hove me confused with some other guy. Play the song for Exerc. hove to SCI'i.. you were my earth. whot you did. oh """"' be.. yeah yeah IOhi The domoge is done So I guess I be leaving. you and me) And don'l it make you sod about it. who! you did. Cry me a river. Ask students in pairs to try to use the vocabulary in the context of relationships. on Ihe phone. oh (Cry me. for you and me. ~ '" You were my sun. no. oh Cry me a rivef. Oh down. Ask students 10 listen and check. SUI you didn't know oillhe ways I loved you. Cry me a river IGo on and just) Cry me a river IGo on and jus!I Cry me a river IBaby go on and just) Cry me a river yeah. (Danl hove to soy. oh (Cry me. II already know! Now there's just no chance. and mode other pions. As you elicit answers. You don" hove 10 sa(. cry me) 5ong3 T138·139 Cry Me A River . I found ou1 from him. there'll INa chance. then you may not have blown it.ise2 . Cry me a river IGo on and lustl Cry me a rivef IBoby go on and jus!) Cry me a river IGo on and just! Cry me a rivef ICouse rve already cried! Cry me a river. singer telling boy/girlfriend why the relationship is over. all olooo? Oh the domoge is done so I guess I be leaving.. cry me) Cry me a river. there11 never be. I refuse. And don't it make you sod about it. Girl. Cry me a river Cry me a river Cry me a rivef You know tho1 they SCI'i some things ore betrer left unsoid. go bock? Ask students how they would express the idioms in theif language. For example. yea·yeol Cry me a rivef Cry me a rivef.. leaving.Units5& 6 Cry Me A River by Justin Timberlake Lead in Write Cryan Ihe board. Now there's just no chance. cry me) Cry me a river.. You don·t hove to SCI'i. lOon" hove to sa(. I found out from him. for you and me. cry me) Cry me a river. there11 !AI olonel Now you tell me you need . lrm not like them baby) Your bridges were burned and ncm irs your tum Itt's your turnl To cry. 1 000l ad like you don" know it). I refuse. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions carefully.. Additional acttvity Rale·play one of the situations suggested by the song: friend trying to make singer feel better. Idioms You could explore the idiomatic nature of some of the language In feedback. Ask students to listen and circle the correct answer.

Ask students in pairs to match the words to definitions. Frozen here on the ladder of my life. Answer: "The sun going down" here means the end of the relationship . Irs always someone else I see I'd just allow a frogment of your life to wonder free Bullosing everything is like the sun going dOWTl on me. Play the song again. and prepare to present a brief description under these headings: childhood influences career songs gossip Ask one person in each group to make the group's presentation. Elton John andlor George Michael. then it will be like the night falling. His feol nome is Reginald Dwight He become famous in the 19705 when. Ask students to listen and fill in tho blanks. Lead in 1 Getling started Elicit as much information about George Michael and Elton Jobn as you can from students. Dh. His most famous song is CondIe in the Wind. including Rockel Man and Crocodile Rock. Monitor and prompt. His real name is Giorgos Kyriatou Ponayiotou. In the feodback. Too lale to save mysell from falling I look a chan<:e and changed your way of lile But you misread my meaning when I met you Oosed the door and left me blinded by the light Don'tlel the sun go down on me Although I search myself. I con'tlight no more of your darkness. and tell each other what they think might be happening in cach. 'Cause losing everything is lik. He become famous in 1982 when he and his friend Andrew Ridgley hod lOP len hils as the pop bond Whom! His best-known albums are Faith and Older. or CDs by.Units 7 & 8 Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John Bring in pictures of. baby. encourage students to share their best ideas.if the singer's lover does not return. don11et the sun go down on me AIIhough I search myself. Ask students to discuss how the words might connect to the song in pairs.e the sun going down on me.. Play tho song and ask students to listen and order the pictures. oh. All my pictures seem 10 fade to black ond white rm growing tired ond time stands sUIl before me Icon1 find the right romantic line But see me once and see the W!rf I feel Don1 discord me just because you think I mean you harm Butlhese cuts I hove they need lave to help them heal. and see if they can remember or guess the missing words. irs always someone else tholl see I'd just allow a fragment of your life 10 wander free 'Couse losing everything Is lik. Culture note E1ton John Ellon John was born in England in 1947. He is famous for his outrogeous clothes and glosses. ~ 4 Fi nishing off Discuss lho questions in Exercise 4 as a class. he hod a 101 of lop len hils. Additional activity ~~. He was knighted in 1998.-------------------------------------------------------------------. . Use these 10 elicit ideas and information about the singers. ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask students to road the song carefu lly. Don·t let The Sun Go Down On Me T 140-141 Song 4 .e the sun going doWTl on me. Don·t let the sun go down on me Allhough I seorch myself. Ask students in groups of three to think of a singer or bond they know well. Have a brief d iscussion in feedback about what the title ofthe song might mean. irs always someone else Iholl see. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to look at the pictures in pairs. Geof'ge Michael George Michael was born in london )0 Greek parents. so he is Sir Elton John. writing with Bernie Toupin.. I'd just allow a frogmenl of your life 10 wonder free..

a liberal. and ask them to read out their list.able. or words they come up wi fh in the lead in. Ask students to number the words in the correct order. and -af on the board. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to decide on the order of stages. They read their words aloud to the other learn in Iheir group. the questions run so deep for such a simple man. Song 5 T142-143 The logical Song . I know it sounds absurd. Won'. Addltionalocttvity ~8 - Ploy -guess the word. clinical. I know it sounds absurd. Ask students to fill in the blanks. They have to write a sentence fhat defines and contexlualizes each word they hove chosen. logical. play the song again. but please tell me who 10m. Elicit answers from the class and find out who believes school is useful and who thinks it is harmful. There are times. intellectual. but please tell me who I am.Units9& 10 The Logical Song Lead in by Supertram p Write -able. cynical. Divide each group into two teams of three. a fana tical. practical. when all the world's asleep. Play the recording again. or -a/words from the lesson. well they'd be singing so happily. watch what you say or they'll be calling you a radical. a criminal! Oh won" you sign up your nome." Divide the class into groups of six. a vegetable! At night. please tell me what we've learned. joyfully. Now. -able. -ible. presentable. When I was yaung. the questions run 100 deep for such a simple man. playfully watching me! But then they sent me awoy to teach me how to be sensible. Let students read thro ugh the song to check their answers. Ask each team to choose four -ible. Pronunciation note Note that the stress goes on the syllable just before -ible or . it seemed that life was so wonderful. 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the questionnaire. when all the world's asleep. please tell me what we've learned. Ask students in pairs to write as many English adjectives as they con thol end with these suffixes in one minute. responsible. And then they showed me a world where I could be so dependoble. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Find out which pair gal the most. respectable. 3 Listening for detail Once students have completed the sentences in Exercise 3a with the adjectives. and check their answers with a partner. magical! And all the birds in the trees. oh it was beautiful. who have to guess which word they are describing. you please. a miracle. Won't you please.oble. we'd like to feel you're accep. Then play the song so that students can check their ideas.

AddIIIonaI actMIy ~'-----------------------------------------------------------. Ask students to fill in the blanks. and have them tell their group their idea for the story. Lead In 1 Getting started Ask students to discuss the words in pairs and look up unknown words in their dictionary. Put students in pairs to create a story using the pictures. Ask students to listen and label the pictures. Elicit one or two short stories for the class to hear. Play the recording again. splitting the original pairs.Units 11 & 12 Come Away With Me by Norah Jones Bring in a large picture or pictures of a rock band or pop singer. Role-play an interview with Norah Jones. Then put students in groups of four or five . Brainstorm and write on the board as many words as you con connected with the subjed of rock music. ask questions )0 make sure students know the more djfficult words. 3 Listening for detail Let students read through the song to check their answers. 2 Listening fo r gist Play the song. Student B is Norah and has to read the biographical details in exercise Ib again so that he or she is ready to answer questions. Student A is the interviewer and has to prepare questions to ask. In feedback. for example: What do you call the place where bonds record musiC? (studio) Whol is a live show by a band in a bar or club called? Igigl Ask students to complete the text with words from Exercise la and then check with a partner. Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they con't tempt us With their lies Iwant to walk with you on a cloudy doy In fields where yellow grass grows Knee high 50 won" you try to come? Come away with me and we'll kiss On a mountain top Come away with me And I'll never stop loving you For I wont to wake up with the rain Falling on a tin roof While I'm safe there in your arms 50 0111 ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me Come Awoy With Me T144-145 Song 6 . ~ 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 in groups and as a class.

Sing a song in English or move back two spaces_ Mime this type of person . Tem ptation Island. toes.. Vocal (the way you solllld) and Verbal (w ha t you say). hand. eyelids. foot.someone.Lord of the Rings: The Two Tovvers. your team I1'IOYe5 fOfWard two spaces. shin. 2006 . your team can move fOfWard one square_ Give eight different words for containers. for example. The Rolling Stones. need th is type of visa to enter and study there.no is aggressive_ If the opposite team guesses the adjective correctly. famous places. wrist. armpit. lips. people evaluate each other using the 'three Vs'..3? (ANSWER: eating) 1 What do we call the father of your wife or husband? (ANSWER: father-in-law) 4 What do you call those two lines of hair above your (?yeS? (ANSWER: eyebrows) S What is the colledive name for a massive number of trees in a tropical region. It might also include sports and SI)Or1 ing events as welt as discos. Oh. knee.papef has a massive drculiJtion. tub.) 10 What is the informal word for not having any money? (ANSWER: broke) What or who was 'Pong'? (ANSWER: The first video game) What kind of program has the highest audience ratings in the U.. llUiz shows. If the opposite team guesses correctly. movies. Move back two spaces. !l nd bag. eyes.. dear! Teday's not your day. special ceJooI'8tions such as Thanksgiving. nose) 9 lNhat is an 'Fl Student Visa' used for? (ANS\\'ER: Students who want to study in the U. eyebrows.] What does DVD stand for? (ANSWER: Digital Versatile Disk) Name five different kinds of TV program. calf.. (ANSWER: talk shows. and don't move back. head. your team can move forwa rd one square. elbow. ankle. (ANSWER: boxing) Wild Card People Name the lead singer of the British rock band.<ooliouedfmmpogen291 Words Is a tabloid newspaper small or big in size? (ANSWER: small) 2 What do you stop doing if you suffer from anorexi. pack. etc. (ANSWER: exam ples might include visits to museums. movie houses.. Mime this film . (ANSWER: Mick Jagger) 2 Which famous Australian actor directed a film about Jesus Christ? (ANSWER: Mel Gibson) 3 Name five parts of the human body. shoulders. can. 10 By what name was the terrorist Inich Ramirez Sanchez better known? (ANSWER: Carlos the Jackal) 1 2 3 4 Stand up and whistle a song by any English-speaking group_ If you do this successfully. bottom.) Don't move forward.) Name three things you would expect to see on a language 6 school's social program. heel.. clubs. carton. draw a picture of someone in the class so that the other team can guess their identity.s. 7 8 9 historical sights. (ANSWER: abdomen. ears. America's Next Top ModeL ) In the sentence The newy.. /)0'(.nere it rains a Iot7 (ANSWER: a rainforest) 6 'IoIhat do yo u suffer from the next day if you have drunk too much alcohoP (ANS WER: II hangover) 7 What do you call old or broken th ings wh ich are worthless? (ANSWER: junk) 8 Can you give me five different features of the human face? (ANSWER: chin. box. If you are successful.S.? (ANSWER: football) 3 What do you (aU a magazine that you read on the Internet? (ANSWER: an e--zine. current affairs. move fOfWard two spaces. bottle.) 4 Can you name the man who developed the theory of 'multiple intelligences'? (ANSWER: Gardner) S 1Nhich disease does Muhammed Ali suffer from? (ANSWER: Parki nson 's) 6 What was the infamous couple Bonnie and Clyde so well known for? (ANS\¥ER: Robbing banks) 7 What is the opposite of an introvert ? (ANSWER: An extrovert) 8 1Nho was the infamous German leader during Wood War II? (ANSWER: Adolf Hitler) 9 According to one study. and natural landmarks. theatres.) Name the sport where two people wea ring special gloves fig ht each other in a ring. thigh. forehead. fist .. T 260 QuizCords OEtIiIoricIMocniIondeMl!xko. SAdeC. What are they? (ANS WER: Visual (the way you look). On a piece of P<lper and wi thout speaking a word. mouth.V. what does the word circuldrion mean? (ANSWER: The number of copies sold every day. you can move forward one space _ (ANSWER: tube.) 4 5 Can you give me the name of three famous Reality TV programs? (ANSWER: Big Brother. The word combines two words: 'electron ic' an d ' magazine'. Stay put! S 6 7 8 \. waist.Quiz cards Entenainment 2 . jar. fingers. drama. documentaries. hip. I repeat you cannot speak! If they guess correctly. etc.

Do you think . Johnny No. either. If yoU're looking for realistic entertainment. but in video games they toke port. I've only heard of Tomb Raider.. but you can ploy them at horne.. no . Ihe early 80s. like Pro-Evolution Soccer. I bet iI's all boys and yaung guys. I've been designing them since the . like the horror movie. Something thaI really annoys me oboul these games is the way they're all so mole-oriented . il appeared in 1972 and il was pretty bosic. who are attracted to ~ i deo games? Johnny II"s difficult to soy. We know bays tend to be mare violent than girls . Friend Kinds of games? What do you mean? Johnny Well. they hove on active role. I don't understand..the use of color is fantastic. but sadly I think the things that may make them attradive to guys are the adion and the violence in so many of them. What is it that makes these videa games so papular? 52~---------------------------------------------------. For Exercise 2 on Page 1I4 . Zidone. whoever. Friend Not really my scene.to me they have the dynamism of movies. they involve the players in imaginative WfSo/S. Johnny? Is il computer programming? Johnny Sort of -I design videa games. Butl think that really the commerciol success of video games is that they appeaito all ages . Friend Mmm. Johnny Well. For Exercise 2 an Page 114 . Part 3 Friend .all for the boys. Johnny You bet! I remember the first videa game . they start from as young as six and ploy till they be<ame young adults.. But whot kind of people do they allrac!?' bel irs all .you can find plenty of adults playing. Port 2 Friend What is it that makes these video games so popular? Johnny Well. A classic of this type is Alone in Ihe Dark. some people say videa games have bod effects on the people who ploy them.. Audiascripts T 261 .. Friend fr.the grophks these days are incredibly ollroctive and real. there are loIs of sports videa g<lmes. You know.. Friend Pong!? Johnny Yeah! Anyway. A good example 01 this type is Commando . as you can imagine. thaI's not true. and you can make up your own dream team... in which you can lake on Ihe identity of your favorite soccer player. yeah. so I'd soy they ollrad all ages from six to sixty. like. over 20 years. Then they're simple to ploy. something that really allrods people to videa games is the grophks . ~53 '-------------------. Friend Sounds awful. Ronalda. Bed:hom. I guess I can see that. In the movies the viewers are passive.thaI's nat just for men or boys. one of the most popular Kinds of videa game is the 'heroic action" game. Then.For Exer cise 2 on Page 114 "Port 1 Friend So what exoctly is it you do. I think port of it is that boys seem to be attracted to new technology more than girls. That just means irs full of adventure and monsters and lots of pretty violent odion.. and they do tend to be young guys . so whot oboutlhe harmful effects? You know. There must have been a 101 of changes since then. And they hove the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books .. Friend Yeah. the people who play videa games are mostly young. ThaI's a long time! Friend Yeah. The thing \ really like about them is the dynamism . of course. and especially teenoge boys. I dunna . something like Zelda is a successful example of this type. There are so many different kinds of games now. 1M above all. there's the horror video game.you moy have heard of iI. the early days. the instrudions are really obvious. But since then Videa games have been getting more and more sophisticated.. then videa games ore a good choice. too. And of course.it was called Pong. Johnny Some Kind of thing.. Friend Why do you think irs mostly young guys. There are video games involving magic and mythological sellings ..

8 just Exercise 4 1. 10 M . 2 Grace McBride. 3 False. 8 friendly Unit 4 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 I Inp!essions . S Exercise 6 Conv£wsa\ll. 3 False. 6 Exercise 4 SfnpIe past: yesterday. S recenUy. 4 irritatng. 6 appealing. 5 bored. 8 False Exercise 5 Exercise 2 1 interested. 2 is annoying. 2 know. 5 ~ 6 a.6. al nne o'clock Exercise 5 I C. 10 Do you wn~eIse? """'" .. 2 b. 2 M arisot 3 MartsoI. S True.. 5 respectable. 7 c.. 3 conversatoo I.4. 8 calls Unit 2 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I I wish I were lamous. 10 ransom. 3 1wish I hadn't spool aI my money. 12 know1edge. 7 SR)8. 2 inyWment 3 ~. 7 g. 8 ():Ies this Exercise 3 1 Are. SQ: 3 know. 5 conservative. 8 True. 8 irritatng. 6 SErious. 5 ~.8 Exercise 5 1 I have aready read this book. Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 was. 4 hadn't Ixu. ConversatlCtl Eis about someone's Exercise 7 1 True. II crash. 4 bg off. 2 isn't used to gattng~: 3 used 10 hate. 2 proof. 8 If orly I hadn't beerl so stupidl Exercise 2 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 t 4 L 5 ~ 6 g. 10 aware. 6 f~. S3f. name. 7 True.Tioad. 5 I'm writJng you now to i'Mle you to dnnef. Exercise 6 1 nsilg. 4 judgment. 4 conservative. 7 the job . 3 modest. 6 True. name Exercise 7 I e. 7 speaker 3. 4 gave. 8 False Exercise 6 1 generous. 6 WI'OIe. 4 interesled. 2 fri9"ds. 7 f9C0QrMze. means: 4 1i<e.n. 13 tend 3 MartIl'1 Martinez. 4 bkJe. 14 Unit 2 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Down: 1 alford. 3 fai". 8 are. 6 doesn't have. 8 cash: 9 ~ 1 SInCe. 4 FalSe. 9 True. 2 OI"gar1i2ed. 7 d. a "terested wrow. a few holr's. S True. eiglt r'I'IhJtes Since: 2003. 3 earn: 4 buy. 5 AdriMa Exercise 6 1 That's. 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 2 worM. 6 radical Exercise 3 1 happy. 7 Grace McBride Mart" Martilez. a j. 3 Have you seen Mile yet? 4 The gossp has just started. 2 I sUI haven't spokoo to Jack. 8d Exercise 6 1 crine. 8 " terest Unit 3 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6~ 7L 8a Unit 1 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 active. 'm used 10 dOIlg: 4 used to waII:: 5 used to have: 6 'm not used to ctivi'IQ Exercise 3 2. 9 h. 3.trt. waste: 5 1'111: 6 borrow: 7 sperd. 6 d 7 a. were. 5 1ound. watchi1g Exercise 4 1 Do you lke tIJS rTIOIIie? 4 He owns I'M:) ca-s. 10 like Unit 1 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 hazel. Conv£wsation B is about paying too IllJCh /c( scmething. 3 cold. 2 graduated from. 6 1wish I hadn't eaten so rructl! 7 If crit I had lislened in SChool. 3 Qlit. 6 fa.terested. 6 already. Conversation C is about someone whO is rri:serIy. 10 became. a week.I'pise. a tcng time. 7 were. 7 True. six. 12 website Exercise 2 l c. 4 If Oft. 8 ta1ing Exercise 2 1 amm. 3 fame. a allach'nenl Exercise 3 I looked.!. 6 discipWned. 6 radcaI. 6 receipt. 6 Martil MartIl'1f!. 7 L 8 b - Exercise 6 1 COIl'o'eI'SaIoo 2. a False.Jl. Conversation 0 is about paying too fl'k. 3 . 6 interest 7 St. 2 h. 8 1 emporary. 5 True.6b . 7 I believe you den'. 4 Do you uroderstand. 6 orb. 8 speaker 4 T262 . 4c Exercise 4 """'. in Exercise 3 1 lend: 2 pay. 9 TM rane. 3 rot'l'lMtic. 4 opened.&il.5 c. 3 1m cookhg. 4 speaker I.t I hadn't ooived tate. 5 c.4tl. 4 SU'pi:se. 5 speaker 4. 9 e>!pIaned. 8 made. 3 c Exercise 5 1 True. 12 "" Exercise 5 I 10lII'ld. 6 False. I. 5. 6 named. 10. 4 False. 3 means. 8 h<n:Ie. 3 e. 2 fallilg. 4 was used to. 8 f 1 didn'.Z. 5 risi'lg. 4 True. 2 a. stlXlying. MarisoI. S like. 6 False. 4 ~ 5 a . 3 /aIIi). 5 tasci1atng. 7 internet. 7 False. last year. 3 dowIioad. 5 Grace McBtide. ttls anernoon. 5 a Exercise 3 I c. 3 just. 8 e True. 3 sh:::e. 10 False Exercise 4 I True. 3 aggressive. 4 dIAl. 71. 2 was. 7 active. 5 made. 7 True. II wish. 6 a 7 c. 6 am WOfkng. 8 b Exercise 6 2.5. 6 opened. 6 i'. 6 hazel. Sa. 2 d. 11 generous. 2 nterestO'.tl fly. 2 chat. 2 fl.Idl /c( a bad ~ ieI 'Ce. 5 doY. 7 l!lliery. react la. S romantic. 2 False. 8 scaed Exercise 2 1 used to take. 7 ~ed. 3 cn.. 4 recently. 7 played. 5 aash. 8 I have neyer heard aJYIhilg so Exercise 2 1 's doing. 10 b Exercise 3 I ever. 7 st •. 6 used la. 4 Exercise 5 1 speaker I. 6 False. 3 's practiCing.d.~ Exercise 2 1 d. 7 blond. 3 1. know ead'I other. 5 are. 11 caIed Exercise 3 Ie. 7 asked. 2 ptXe. 7 False. on my lasl birthday Simple past and used to: when I was a ctWd. 4 False. 6 bored. 5 ooJd. Unit 3 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Maley. on my birthday.4. 6 False. 6 hactl'\. 2 had pa. 2 True. 8 conversatoo. whef11 was 14. S weren1 used 10. S False.!thy. 4 duI. 7 Wus. waithg. 3 a 4 b. tOO roorni'g. 5 Have you fM!l used a cha1 room? 6 Have you tned to pefSUade Mary yet? 7 I have recently thoulj1t about my iU1tJ'l!. 6 file. a a Exercise 5 1 Bi!lie.!. 4 a. 2 True. 6 speaker 2. 6 revise. 5 tar. 4 emoIicon. 4 corwersa100 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 2 speaker 3. last week.6.8. 9 borI1g. 2 used la.oersaIion 4. 3 did. PatA. 2 M. 5 hated. 2 cx:n. 4 moved. 8 ~it 1 !llQ(ley. lb. rane: 5 o::vmon. 4 Martin Martinez. 2 chcv1ged. 2g. 2 interest 3 SU'P'ise. 3 True. 5 lor. 7 casI1.. 8 hadn't argued Exercise 4 I !Uprise. 2 never. 7 negalive Exercise 4 l c. 3 True. 8 sh::e Exercise 2 For: 25 years. 9 asked. 6 am cooI<. 5 QLDeI . 9 refuse. 2 False. 6 e. 2 I orly I had more lriends. 4 True. 4 COI. 7 bored.Workbook Answer Key Unit 1 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 tie. 2 bored. 4 /C(. March. 5 team. 2 i..ng. 4 risilg. 2 rose. 5 r\leresl. 7 'm not dci1g. 4 Adriana. 3 True. S TM Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l allactment. 3 1Ned.7. 7 expressions. 9. 9 a1traction Exercise 4 1 False. 8 True Exercise 4 l a 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c . 2 TM. 7 creatrve. 8 gave.)l'l A is about Iendi1g """"'"' """'Y.. 2 attractl\lE!. 6 caIed. 3a. 8 WhaI. 3 altraclive. 9 progran. 3 speaker 2. mecn. 4 False. Sa. 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 g. 3 'Iirus. 40. 4 fould. 7 ddn1. cats. 4 1s~. 7 rising. 3 used to. 2 fa. 3 False. 2 FalSe. 8 rose Exercise 2 1 negatIVe. aJYOIl8: 7 '/ohlal.. yesterday Exercise 3 1 ~ 2 L 3 a. 2d. 5 I wish I had a beller job. 82. dressed. Exercise 6 Across: 5 fortune. COlIltry. ~.

2 wiI. 2 Columbus. 4 9. 3 Wll . 4 wmkIed.5 c. 3 !T<JVl1Y.. 5 evm thoug/1. 10 c 9 a. 2 h. 10 e 4 ll\entlOl1. 8 is going to Exercise 2 2. 7 Eriksson. 8 However. 2 b. 4 B Exercise 2 1 horror stOfY. 6 hQnest.b. 5 A Exercise 4 1 acawniC.7. 3 Magellan. 10 True Exercise 6 l a 2~ 3a4a S~ 6~ 7a8b . 7 is going to.vse. 3 lfflWgetened. 16 offshoot.3. 4 vitamins. c: 3 C. 15 moIat.. 7 True. Exercise 6 1 False.IIcn'. 7 Mll!l!!igent. 6 e Exercise 2 1 protejn. 5 L 6 C. 6 i. Exercise S 1 C.llCed Unit 7 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l b. 4 passive.leaVng: 0 6 does. 10 a Exercise S l d. 6 True. 6 a Exercise 4 Patien::e 3. 5 hoOOld. 2 f\C. 7 ltao/. Exercise 5 1 hadn't started. 7 overweig1l. 2 trend. 4 D. 4 Eriksson. a L Exercise 4 1 is gcW'Ig shopping. Despite. 4 False. 3 NeY8I1he1ess. 4 a. 2 True. 5 True. 3 1rne. a sense of tvnor 2. 3 eyelids. 3 have been. 2 b. 5 a Exercise 4 I balar'ced diet 2 protel1. 10 would help Exercise 2 1 9. 2 A. 4 True. 8 a. 2 ~ul. 5 b. attacked: 6 had lailed: 7 had made. 3 d. 9 am going to visit. 4 In spite 01. 9 ~abIe . 2 H. 12 cohabit. 4 is goog to. 2 bushy. 4 True. 7 met. Exercise 4 I False. a Vespucci Exercise 4 1 b.. 6 are wailing. 9 Colntlus 9 iltention Exercise 2 1 0. 6 In spite 01. 8 MageIan. 7 were filled: a has. 8 have protected. 8 had faJen out Exercise 2 I b .p a friend~. 5 el\troverted. W(:Mjdn't have desigled: 7 haoo't foond. 3 B. 10 d Exercise 3 1 IS tne latest n this arr-. 6 i. 7 1eadng the~. 6 meIar'd'oIy. start: 7 starts: 8 are going. 6 C ""'" Down: 2 reserrtie. 7 tend. 14 aspire.5. SC. 2 True. 4 absolutely. 2 passive. respect I. 8 b. 6 S\Ke Exercise 6 Across: 4 garbage. 5 A 6 F. 5 True. 10 counterpart. 2 A. 6 oo. 10 dr<rnatic. 16 1 had been travetng: 2 had been Io<lkng: 3 had. S tar·wealhe' friend. 2 c. 2 wrote. would have been: 3 hadn't flown. 5 Eri<sson. 9 have corne. 4 C. wouldn't have become. 5 aW!(j. 2 have written. good at tiStenng 3. 3 IS visitng.5. 3 ~ 4 ~ S c. 2 are haWlg k. a f Unit 4 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 WOUd see. 10 "". 7 False Unit 5 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 Unit 6 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I passIVe.4. 6 c " 'Unit 7 Lesson 1 Unit 5 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 ' ~ 2~ 3a 4l 5~ 6~ 7 ~ 8e Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l L 2 a. 3 have beefI sold. 3 1. B silcefa. 5 d. 5 ~ 6 a 7 h. 7 9. l a 4 l 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 e 4 detJJaQding. 10 mabie Exercise S 1 FaJse. 4 hadn't been. 7 bor'rt. 8 but for thJse ~ caugh1 !. 8 fiber Exercise 5 l d. 6 is going sYNmlilg. 8 arrMgE!ITIent. 9 True Exercise 5 I shotjd be banned. 3 Shakespeare. 3 True. Exercise 4 .- Exercise 5 I oval. 3 ~ 4 l 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 6 Vespucc:i. 5 c. 2 A!tt'ough. 4E. 2 had lived. 3 D Exercise 3 1 d. cartdlydrate. 9 h. Unit 5 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 d. wouldn't have struck.. 3 a. Exercise 4 l c. 9 slave. 4 d. Exercise S Exercise 4 l b. 6 Cok.JIne. 8 c Exercise 1 I C. 6 wi. 4 b. you wonl nm. third.n::h. 5 detective Exerci se 2 I B. 6 False. 2 True. 4 MageIarl. 4 NC. 6 True. 8 sc:i. a tore. 7 is meetng G Exercise 3 1 f. 6 e Exercise S 1 Well. 4 JX>1. woUd have died: 8 hadn't inve1ted. 7 active. S is going to. 5 fat. 11 biography. 9 bait. 2 d. t 8 tradrtiOnal Down: 1 react. 3 wanted. 10 Although Exercise 3 l a. 7 h. mreais.. S is going to. 8 True Exercise 4 1 ~ 2 a. a optimi:itic. 2 died. 9 Nevertheless. 3 L. 7 a 8 e """ Exercise 3 l E. l C. 2 A. have become Exercise 6 1 pericIil. 2 Eriksson. l . 5 a 6 a 7 a. 6 mask. Exercise 6 I b.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 3 1 defme plarVroutne. 5 j. 3 a.10 """" _ -J _ . 4 a. 4 penci. 4 should be released. 7 c. 12 tlstori<n.5. made: 4 had. 4 b. 5 passive. 11 pursue. 6 b Exercise 2 . 2 ~ l a 4 ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 a 8 a 9 b. 2 Su'e. 7 gadget. d 1 are going: 2 Unit 4 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 a'e going to. 5 dshwasher. 4 have been. Slbstance: 2 calories. 3 and the photography~. 7 rave. 3 inOk. been annot. 7 a 8 b Exercise 4 2. S iltentlOn. 4 g. 4 For ttose of you who h special ellecls. 3 ~ 4 a . chocolate. a False. 4 a. 6 <M'Tocgement. 2 a. 2 L. l b. 6 actIVe. 1a romantic. 7 False. 6 have been e)l8CUled. 4 a. 3 Columbus. WOl.~ _ _ _ ~_ T263 .a. 10 are. a prediCted Exercise 6 Across: 1 urban. 8 Unit 6 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 C. 5 e.aDng series. taken: 5 had. 2 g. 10 not have been Exercise 3 The secood. 3 E. 3 Not mentioned. 2 <M'T~. 3 1OQ1lfident. 8 ten. rT'O'I9y 2. a False..9 . Cervantes. 3 arrangen"I9'lI. 5 Vespucci. 4 False. 14 myth. 2 a. 4 are playing terris. 6 protective. 3 C. do4ng Exercise 6 1 B. 4 C.'. 7 C. 2 but then ~ you are a Potter far'!. 8 passive Exercise 2 1 was written: 2 are rsoc!: 3 were sold. l False. 15 Mlsist. 3 True.8. 9 saw. 3 best friend. 6 There IS also some ~ acthg. 2 e.rrtJus. 6 jaw. 5 a. "'" Exercise 3 1 make new friends. 6 h. 7e. 9 9. unheaHhy. S are reading. 4 are beng printed: 5 ts beng written: 6 be banned.7. 7 F.6. 2 D. 5 False. 2 k:rve story. 2 c. 2 c. 5 not have been. 'Jitarni1s. potatoes: 4 circulation. 3 non· fiction. 3 1. 8 c. fifth Bf1d eighlh sentences are correct. 13 select. 8 a Exercise 3 I CoUnbus. 3 h&aHhy.:ate. l b. SIfT'i(I' tastes 4 Exercise 6 2. 6 a leaves: 3 Ate. 5 True. 5 b. chOCoholiC Exercise 3 l D. 6 a. 9 Not mentioned. S didn't go to. trust I. 4 SCience flC tlOr1.YI. srnilat age 4. 6 FCWl. 2 SlJUCk !. 5 bal.10 Exercise 3 t False. 3 ~ 4 l S ~ 6 h. 2 True.3. 7 Mhough. 2 g.re.<>s<Ys Exercise 2 1 have written. 7 definite planllO. 6 marry. 7 was shown. S YCUlQ viewers mIQh1 find paris of the movie rather fnghlerWlg. 4 SlI'PI1Si'Ig. 17 postt. 13 creek. 3 a. wouldn 't have left: 6 hadn't made. l poetry.p 11 the magi. 7 ~. 4 ~. 3 active. 6 ~ 7 b. S you see. 2 a 3 ~ 4 a . going to watch: 4 is goilg 1 cal: Sare. 6 calories. 2 radilm. Exercise S 1 CoUOOus. 7 have had. woojdn't have invented: 5 had been. 9 ig1ote. 6 plastIC.Jd have.

8 watching. 8 So lhal T264 """ .nat I dislike about boxing. 2 l1:1derstand.jlt to pay..rmtiaI art. 10 watch Exercise 2 2.. 8 &xne. 10 faHgue.. 4 determirW'lg. 6 ~. 2 The WOfl'\af1..j.t:l!lOO. 6 being. 4 exaggerati1g. 5 a Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 tying.. Exercise 3 1 4 2~ 3& 4~ 5l6~ 7... 1 b. 4 to call. b. Exercise 5 1 c. especiaIy at nigtlt. 5 capture. 9 shoUdn't pay. 5 The man. 10 Exerc ise 5 1 ~ 2 d. 6 True. 7 to. 3 The woman. 9 ~.7. 5 c:ooversatiOn 2 Exercise 6 1 b. 4 go. 2 mcmentlITl. 4 mnP<llhize. 6 d. 10 responsible Exercise 4 1 twdy 001. 7b . In fact. 6 tape.II:l!l mage tIJaI many ~ martial arts have. am attracted . 4 C. 4 a. 7 'MIa! lIIr&lr: is that . 2 to pass. 911". 5 Ill§(l1EII'izil. 4 The woman. Exercise 6 1. 10 shoUd'l't be W Exercise 4 1 & 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c. 8 asking. 8 doing. 4 abiities. 2 bocke's. 9 nauseated. 10 very ittkI Exercise 5 1 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 5 diSOfder. 5 t'oN.. 6 started. 3 defrirog. 7 n ordef \0. 5 how he won thai race. This CIbsessm does nO: m. 2 sholJdn1 be aIowed.. 7 supply. 2 captiJed. 5 runericaI.S.8 Exercise 4 ~ Exercise 4 1 I. 7 a Exercise 6 1 heel.§ a~.tI. 6 Not enou. and ODe that is corrmon amoog women. 7 ~ 8 ~ory """" Exercise 6 Across: 1 shil. 7 dsciminate. 6 in~. Then.0I ~~..a means Q! self-defense. 8 indigestion. 8 a Exercise 3 1 Waading. 3 h. 4 b. 2 d. 2 wrist. 8 'Nhere Exercise 2 1 why I like SOCC8f so 1l1\.8. 9 vital. 3 70%.". 5 rrus!n" du'rlp. 7 Seme. 11 obsession. 3 ccqdina:tOl. 6 why ~ is so impOrtant to wil. 6 telling. 5 copying. 5 True. 8 ~ . 7 obesity. 8 drains Exercise 2 1 ~ 2b. 4 b. il today's society. 9 slave Down: 1 SCEI"aio.a1t1 a~of ~ 6 We!ii::t two ca100s 01 iI. 5 <r1"IOIXIt. 7e.:ritest ~seIf in the pdlxes in IfEI"ti 01 the r.!iI. 7 True. 2 conversatOl l . 3 telling. I:!ut two reasons n most corrm::n. INs <YTIOUlt is stil cdy a Itrd of the amot. 3 True. 10 ablties Exercise 5 1 inlelgence. 4 evasion.6. 7 Few. 7 pay. 2 anorexia. 6 a lot 01.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 5 1 ~ 2~3~4L 5~6~ 7a 8~ 9 b.as. 4 in order rot 10. 10 Exercise 3 1 anemia. 7 head. 2 asking.QgrWtive. Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 see. !he dtr'Iger is that cnce Exercise 5 1 inJected. 4 Vfrf ittkI.. sperd ahlost len times !'I'ICftl on deti1g II'm they do on make-~ IW"Id other beauty products.. 7 our. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 4 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ' Unit 8 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 how.. 2 how ~ tmgs people together. 5 the worna. 4 ron. 4 cIleckrlg.jlt to be W.. 10 .6 Exercise 3 1 the man. 3 why. 4 sholJd be erwxuaged. 3 is being rnported. 2 in order 10. 2 waitng.. 3 fM:J:y. 9 to let. 3 waist. II. 4 why. 7 arEW'I 't they.. 3 True.. 6 ankle. 8 . 8 Unit 9 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l c.sf maga2i'Ies. 9 difference Exercise 3 1 10 meet. 5 ron-<lefrilg. 5 smoki'Ig. 6 to meet. 6 COOling.6.J'lt spent on keeping thin. women in the U.d1. 4 False.6. 3 c. 2 arguing.. 8 teli'lg Exercise 2 1 tyilg. 2 c. 7 The man. 6 " order 10. Speaker 3 alcohol. 5 so that. 5 assessing. 8 calf """'" Unit 9 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 2 cIefJ:lir).n::Ireds of dets that n a'QlJ"Ij WId the (rl'IOU'1\ of ~ spEWlt CIl them. 3 how you spend your money.j. 5 rvt. 3 raIaxng. 8 knees Unit 10 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 drinkable. 5 abdomen. 6 sholJd try. 7 the worna. Speaker 5 lack of exercise. 5 stay. 2 Not mentioned.3. 10 waitng Exercise 4 1.7. 8 g Exerci se 2 1 QaoI~atooof~? 2 How CD!&lJ is that ~ of ~? 3 ~ me the jar: of!:l!loe'i. rn. 3 (iStuTtliog. 5 He. 8 so that Exercise 3 2.. 2 isn't he.n. 2 the man. S hall. 2 ~tial .10 Exercise 4 1 dlecki'lg..toer1 you stM cielilg.'e/fy. 3 so that 4 in order 10. 2 wit find. 6 ~ 7 e. vas txx:ty begI'ls to store some 01 the foOd as fat () order to OO'I"pEII'lSate fOr !he next tine yoo starve~! So. 8 dink. 8 The man. 3 essence. 3 ought to be n::teased. 5 to meet. 8c Exercise 2 3. 2 so that.6. 2 <XlrT'QIiIliIor. 7 telling. 6 In order to. 5 ctronic.3 ~ 4 & 5 & 6 b.11 women sperd a lot on ciothes Md jev. 3 10 do.7. 4 Sane. Men. 4 toes. 1m secood reason. Exercise 4 1 {.rt f'XIYI8days it seems to be CW'I obsesso'l. 4 detmmination. 9 True. 10 False Exercise 6 1 shot. 12 pi'npIy 9 c.. 3 to.I6l!lliIi!le!: of ic:e=qeooJ? 8 A 1<aIl. 8 a Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 has. 5 & 6 a. Exercise 3 1 rnusI be. 5 c. 6 J. 5 can be clone. 9 Unit 10 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 b. 6 the woman.. 3 dscredited. the probjem is that most of these diets dor1'l \YOI1(. 4 a.7. 6 dizzy. 7 chec:kt1g. 2 assessing.. 2 goilg. 6 protect. 4 the man. 6 asking. 7 Exercise 6 Speaker 1 obesity.3. 6 ~. 7 choose. 3 defeaI. 3 bald. 3 askilg.. 4 depression.. 4 drop. 3 a. 6 True. 2 SIMlraI. 6 reuse.3. 8 artistic. 7 what is reaItt i'npc:rlant. i:l. 7 steali'lg. but in the h. 3 Exercise. 3 dissmlinate. S yoo begrl deti1g you CM never Slq>! A worryilg ttKlutjlt lor m<W'Iy ~. 7 1%. In fact. 2 Pri'lg.7. 3 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 7 Where. Ill: first Q{ these ~ dyrmic nature Qj most martial arts. 9 a1i:itic. 4 can'l you. 5 a g'EIaI deal 01.5." Unit 9 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 definr. 4 whal we need to think abOut. 8 turned.. 8 bacttm arose. 2 c.7. 4 conversatkln 3. 6 definng Exercise 2 1. 3 e>:pectancy. 6 spatial. 3. 5 g.AJ\t'oou. 4 expression. 9 C. 4 hygiene. 5 Seme. And.10 Exercise 5 1 conversation 4. 7 rage. 7 IXIbaarable. 3 ~ 4 l 5 h. 10 C Exercise 6 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6L7~ 8b Exercise 2 1 (] order to. 5 imagination. 8 False. 8 don't they.8 Exercise 3 1 The man. 5 f.I!1J. 8 our... 8 the man Exercise 4 1 False. 3 i. . 3 do you. 7 dleatng.oofirMg. 2 Not Efn. 2 stress. 3 comersatiOn 5.tb:. The reason fOr 1M is that . 5 Checkilg. 10 c Exercise 2 1 ¥eIl't you. 6 what. Speaker 2 stress. 3 the woman. 6 a. 5 So as not to. 5 lush. ITlO!e aD!:! more people feet IbaI they need ~ able lQ protect themselves ~ walki'lg ak:lng streets. 2 'MIat. 4 'Nithoul. 5 b many rea5CIlS It! p€q)Ie W<I1Mg IQ lea'n a. 6 the man.1!ecCt seen.. 6 isn~ ~. 7 ~ 8 a Exercise 4 1 abilitY. 3 shortage. 2 True. Ten times the 8(J)()U')\I .tlen you start eatng agail. 4 Fatse. fHlicIJar.. 6 soong. 4 have a.n. 10 doesn~ she Exercise 3 2. 7 ~led. 9 askilg. 8 getting.5. knew Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 so that. 4 We. 4 geninQ.4. 5 have you. 9 favorite. 2 a. 7 False. 10 h Exercise 5 mage has t!lwiJys t'oeewl ifl1n1ant. 2 a.ja?. 6 faucet. 7 b... 3 a. 8 True Exercise 5 1 watching. 9 watching.g.5. 5 True. Speaker 4 srnoki'v.. mther tube of toothpaste.5. )'CU' txx:ty records tt'is. B e. 8 ~ Exercise 5 1 Fasa. 9 haven't you..

2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 c . 5 i. 7 wasn't: 8 didn't taste: 9 COUldn't help: 10 were tryilg Exercise 5 Across: 2 Iremeodous. 9 QeSlicides. 9 slum. 12 spring. 4 have beccme. 6 False. thus aeating a mocIern day Frari<enstein Exercise 4 1 h.2 ~ 3 c. 7 sitcom. 6 True. Eltercise 2 1 made. 4 Errp'laoc.4. 7 8 forgm Exercise 3 1 True. 2 been recording.S. 16 PtJ"nal. 5 have risel. 5 11!:&Lish. 3 promise. produced. 5 provocative. 2 g. 5 has dreamt. 9 Neutral. 6 WQIjd have watched. 2 con!imf\ated. g 3.. 5 cassette recorder. read: 7 have been planning. 4 will. 9 would. 6 have. 2 haal't seen.4. 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 a. 4 sI'IOUd be. J. 7 'd have bWght.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 2 1 ab. 5 were. COfTllIeled: 6 . 7 False. 2 ~. 16 lush. 9 Text B.tI be very good for tis english. 6 certificates """"'. 8 forget. 2 False. buI these were . Not ooly dkl Daly take after her biological mother.S. 9 Good. 10 Bad Exercise 5 1 exam. 15 grade. "'" Exercise 3 3. 7 ~ Exercise 3 1 begiri'lg. 10 wOOd yOJ have . 5 weaknesses. 7 switch to. 15 a1d awam. 3 be suffering. S frished. 9 False. 14 onine. 10 d Eltercise 6 Across: 1 dynamic. 7 0. I'd tal< to y. 2 e<mem. 6 gMlIiI a-cade. 3 sirTlJIe. 4 watched. 8 0 Down: 2 comI:>I'latiOn. 10 Emphatic -key T265 . 8 wOOd have. 4 ~ 5 d . 6 True. 4 ability. 10 grades Eltercise 4 1 True. e l. 2 a 3 c. 3 Illlake. Is 'fOOl son interested in learning English? Has yoot son evet' been to an EngliSh speaking COlI"Itry. 4 False. These range from being ate to save II:!l: ~ species to reprOO. 2 Good. 9 """"" Exercise 3 1 griwing stuff. 8 WQIjd have been . 4 hal/9 knOwn. 6 eoo. 3 j. 13 lack Exercise 2 1 fa!. 7 True. 8 Emphatic. 5 False. I tq:le ~ acMce ~.7.10 9d Exercise 2 l a 2 ~ 3 a 4 d.. 6 D!![VOUS. 8 reality Unit 12 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 f. 3 end. 6 been taI<ng. 3 True. 10 IiIter. 2 dr<rna. 8 £W:Iity. 8 Bad. 9 optiOn. 10 0 Exercise 6 1 movie. 2 True. seen.t. 3 quiz. b S. 11 donilg.. 3 hadn't been. 7 eigibIe. 10 True 4 program. 3 had.n son and find out v. 2 pass. 5 get. 5 O:Iicating.5. 7 Text A. retake. 6 a 7 ~ 8 ~ 5 watched. 9 d. 6 CheCkng. 4 False. 3 d..m from embryos. take P1I1 Exercise 3 1. 8 True. This is a diff\cutt questiOn. 9 c.5.10 Exercise 5 l D. 10 False Exercise 2 1 have viSited. 3 dump.ether he'd Mke to spend a lew monthS in the U. 5 Neutral. 5 compost. 7 ero. monster. 3 don't stop. 5 had. 9 take. 5 Good. 18 flood. 5 beg~. 4 Good. 3 1'101es.. 2 would. ~ co. they accomplished what many had thought was an iT1possib1e. 14 estimate. 8 Climate. 2 pres&n!. 12 scarce. 8 begi'ri'lQ Exercise 4 l treatng. f 5. 9 Have. 3 Neutral. 6 geaetiCS. 3 True. 3 decade. Scientists have t!e!i:a already ctoned rrioe and /rogs. c 2. 3 g-ade.Q'Jt from ScotlWxl created a sheep named dolly. 7 False. 5 news. 41. 10 sUI. somewhere like the U.".6 c. 4 C Eltercise 6 1 waste.KVive.I}dant. 4 end. 17 Sl. 4 ~iIizer. 2 begffiing.. 8 True. 7 have Idled. or Britan. 6 enter. 12 fossil. 10 snapshot. 8 a. 4 lot . 5 ~. 7 t 8 c Unit 11 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 a 4. 4 ~. 2 True. 4 viSited. 10 ~tant Exercise 2 1 games. 7 cidn't have. 9 C. 2 ~. 6 spendng. I tlWi<: it's inportant for young people today to realize how useful rt can be to speak another language.ood be. I have a few questiOnS I'd like to ask you. wished. 5 h. exam. especiaty English. 9 1mes. 8 mirror. Unit 12 Lesson 2 Eltercise 1 l d. 7 Errp'latiC. 3 jarme. 5 ~ 6 g. 6 cast members. 7 ~ 8 a . 2 e. 3 has beer'! tryilg. 6 Not StnI. 4 enriCh. 3 contermcng. 4 True. 2 En'llhabC. 5 toss. she was n fact a carbon copy QI_ CIorWlg of a bit more limited sort has been around lor years. 6 be using. 4 ca<eEr. 6 variety. 4 reviewi'lg.. 10 Text A Exercise 4 When sdentists. 8 Text B. 5 False. 8 watched. 6 inspect. 11 ntensify. 7 slop. Exercise 5 l d . 4 QQil1Iess. 4 overt. 2 has asked. 8 accepI. 4 ~ 5 a . 2 B. 8 cope Exercise 3 1 take. 19 modify Down: 1 genes. 'Nhat it made DoIy such a t:reakt1Tou!tl was thai she was ctoned form the DNA 01 an adult. 'Nhat frigltoos many people is the dea that SOO'leCIOe rniglt 10 cIeci:Ie to clone a complete person. 9 True. The abi1y to cIcne using DNA leads III to many posslJiIiIies. Unit 11 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Neutral. 6 retake. 6 WOIJd have taken. 7 amou'll. 3 pressIXe. 6 Neutral. 4 prtne-time. 3 False. 4 a. 2 would-be. 5 sette. 13 melt. haven't had. d 8. 3 Not StnI. 2 be wcr1Ii1g. 6 d. or Sritaf1? If I were you. 7 e. 3 seen. and one that I've been asked before. 5 False.7. 17 tricky Exercise 4 1 has been going. 8 be Exercise 4 1 wasnt 2 had conduCted. 7 graduated. 3 A. 2 forget. Exercise 4 1 Bad.x1y lor use in operations.. 10 prevent Exercise 3 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5 ~ 6~ 7 a8~ Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 l a 2~3a4a 5a6a 7 a80 9. 9 wiI watch. 8 TI\I8 Exercise 5 Dew Juan. 7 been waitilg. h 7 Exercise 2 1 seen. 10 9 Exercise 5 l a. 6 c. 7 Bad.dlg ~!lLorg<ns Unit 11 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 buy. 7 irrlI:!Bltng. 10 have heard Exercise 5 1 False.

No.1'1" Of "Stmy" and my parents decided 10 call me Sol. C famous? She was a jaZZ ~ from Amo'ca. B When? A He's almost 60. B Stop shouting.. A I passed the exam.:b? B WeI.IaI name. she gave her date of birth as 1910.J'. Does he have a 1M? Oh. 12. And wtlen I go on v~tiOn . 2 3 4 5 B lIh. "'" 4 Were you I1lIIIilld aftar~? Wba1 does ~ n::mJ. thaI's actually his t:ro!her Sirnc:wl. A """" B weJ. Gteg has da1Ier eyes than twn. The f.chez.bIic was <1. I can take pictlJ"ElS. Mel even su1 the internet . 00.e. Oh I know who you me<Yl he's the one with the amazh'J green eyes. we have to . B Amazing! A We're goilg to Florida.. please. I get twice as Il1Udl as before. it's not bad.lced to [)ego RrMa Md mcrried hm 111929.:rs before she was born.1 rigtlt away. then. C M! What atxluI yw ncrne.8lIe House . Bile! Thai's M IAISI. A Great haifcuI. ived alone WIth her five cats n an old house n the loYII'l 01 f'. A VIIho's he? C Not "he" Bilie Holiday was a A 3 A A B ""'. she dOO at the age d 47. later. wartt ~ to be ate to conta:t me ni.. Sol means "$1. B Wei. Ka'*l was ~ .xprise. A That's OJIrageotJSl H's not 7 8 Do you use yru eel phone a lot? Does anything annoy)'(Xl about ceA phones? 'Mlat's the most aTOYf'9 thtlg about eel phones? I WWd you be ate to m.eN Haven.rrl\s. Ka'*l was t:Uking I. way! H wasn't worth ElYQ"'I hall 01 that. B CtI SOtry.." 3 """"".9'l1 att Md was given the rane "Los FridQs. A No. 2 7 8 B Realty? A Do you want to know my 3 B Not rea/tt.I'ld mrr. he has bkn:l t\ai'. nvestment A B Wr'rf do \hey cal you Sol? A 'MlIn I was YIlllQ. which one's GIeg? O'I! Wei. I don't wa'1I to SOI.eN YO!\!. How would you like yw coflee. A And the mooey? B Well. I ctiiI: """". Mile? B What 00 you mea-I? 1925. C No. n Track 9 A Sat{s getti1g nmied again. Mel she was to ive (II her ife there. Her II1ai ~ance n p. B So ycu WOlUl't go agatl. 3 00 you I!ailtt what you IiIDIl . A No! A Have yoo heard the news? B Wllat news? A Jack and Mgeta have spI~ cp.:rit horne. A Wtr{! 'Mlat happeMd? B I've never met a'1)'OfIe IKe hin.. a local resident. ctoog'og the spelling to F-R·I-D-A. !hey Oscovered she was worth over S20 milliOn <V1d she had left ~ aI to her catsl RaU Sar. A So.11 1922. B What did you say yru name Marisol. worth that muct1. Unit 2 Track 5 In F~ 20:13..dl 01 Mtm:o Track 8 A A So what happened? B Wei. wei 11 have it n I was named altar Sime Holiday. 4 B No! Reatt? A B Yes? A ThIs soup is realy not hot B A B 2 A So.. was released. ~ the 194Qs. B on! OK.:mge withOut ycu cell phone? How often do you text yCIl. black Of \'<'hite? B White. to shcm her YOk n a Sln8aist embfuI. B on! I'm sorry. ~ was alter this acddent that she started paio:1ting. A Come on. B A How rn.I' eel phone? 3 INhen did you buy yCIl. Some hiStorians think she did this as rt was also the yeat of the Mexican E 3 Track 1 A B A """"'00. 2 Cell a:. Frida KahlO was born on July 6". no! He has realy lair skirt He doesn't have a tan al aiL 1'1 introduce you whoo I see hill.t1y'S She CtI.!l i'I my Qty. She I'lE!YEI" spent <ny money Md was Mvays weaing the same cbIhes... 8 Y~! -. how was the date? B AasastB'. I don'. I bought this lantastic phooo last week. <V1d he borrOwed ~e Track 11 1 Do you have a cell phone? 2 How tong have you had yCIl.. A WeI. so B 01! MIne's the bUl one. aI I want is peace and qu~t. A No. YeOO! Well my dad's illO jazz. Miana? Do you know what it B -""""" Yes. A No way! B Wllat do ycu mean? A I'm not gcWIg. come on! H's orty lor a day.P a reputallCI'l atWld the wor1d <n:l traveled to f'.tlt 3f'd day. I'd have to S<l'J fm probably one of the best C 'Ntr{s that firrly? B Because I'm neither and. AncIl'm Bile. B """" A I'm I"IaW1g a party.. she tat. Maile.ri1g a demcI'lstra\k:l'l against the overthrow 01 PreSIdeflI M)enz of Gwtemala. starTing actress SaIrna Hayek.. B They're not pink.She dropped the "e' from Frieda 11 about 1935. He 6'IEI'l made me pay for rT'ri diYler! A Hewhat? A Three hundred doUars.like 5 6 7 4 """"" receipt _hy ""'. when she entered the Natiooal pr-epiM"atory school. A WrJ. """ """" t~ ye'IcN one. I was expecling him to pay me back today. -~ eatne as a shock. get it. I was B I stJ don'. ¥TfW<l'f. So" these. 1954. B Qh.". wei! All the cheaper stores were closed. B a-. AI.? ~didyouw:yrullillIl!l Mel rTlISS8d tIYae yea-s 01 school. So whiCh ones do )'(Xl thilk we should send? wen we can't send the red When Grace McBride died. 1907 n her pamt's ho. Audloscript . 00.. I cal't lnagi'1e haw people B C A C -' was? I'm Actiana. Grace. "M<r" is ·sea" and "sol'" IS 'SIJl". C A So. red is rcmanti::. By 1938.:s an tnJSUaIlliIIIl!I. a bJs acOOIn on her W'i# home fn:m sctcd. how's the rew.. Garmoo Frieda KahlO Y Galderon ..by her stLder1ts. I Tha. In fact tt'e{re real)' dcr'k brown. the rT"II:Me "Ffija' . 4 00 you 1M you' QiIDIl:7 5 It's pretty Q. B Yeah.I' V8f\j funny because it means "dark and rict1". play ganes. 2 My I!if!l!:IS call me SIll. what aboot the yf!kIN B I'm not SlXa..wei. The acOOIn almost proved fatal <n:l certarlj chaflged her iIe. In teday's progral1 we're goilg to take a brief look al the ife 01this amazing woman.H's great.Workbook Audioscript Unit 1 Track 2 A Hi! I'm MarisoI. she bec<me sick Mel was diagnosed as suffemg frool polo o 2 6 7 8 """". reaIy ike it. When Glace's !emit saw her wiI. e And what does MarisoI mean? A It me<ns"SlIYJy sea" i1 SpMsh. but Maybe. 6 Unit 4 Track 13 1 A I ive JUSt around the COfT)9(.h:I'les! I c:otttl't lM:! 'MthoIJ mi'le. they're A Look. It's """. 8 lottery creda we shoJd send the yellow ones. 'M'Iat's y<:u A Well.lU1.I' eel 4 5 6 """" .. H realty annoys me whM someone's eel phone goes off 11 a teS\alnnt (X whM ycu're tablg to them. il my cowlry. Track 12 1 """'" A So. Seven dayS tater on »113. wtTt WCUd I want a eel phone? I don'.odesI . B Agai1! A I saw Matk yesterday. that's nw. hOw good are yoo? B WeIA. But v. A can I get ycu a drn<.. sir. but let's say I'm the arty person t kI1O'N who can do it.Jse 1'1 a Slb. A wt»ch of these cups is YOOO. she was ntrOO. The year after Itis. B No way! A Look! IS(1"\ that Brad Pitt? B Yeah! """'" "'" """. her family was n for a so. and ~ was tefflble. caIed Gasa Aru . I A Prid You have to be jokng.' Track 6 GalS in the cash Unit 3 Trac k 10 on! I hate them.1ved i'l the past without them. She was ctYisteoed Magdalena.XD[[l!.. isnl it? A weJ.dI? B FIVe tuJdred doI<r. but my friends call me A 'Wtry not? B WeI. """" 2 3 "'" Track 7 4 SI. A M::l he dktl'l? B No..was tot by her father a few ye. the age of seven. 1'1 get you MOther bov. sorry. said.t nor? It's such a beaulmJ ~'s B pretty CXlI1ll'01 Track 3 1 l'baI.

a Scotsman. Hyou can't take a joke. It was very popular as it was easy to correct mistakes. I was running for the bus and A B tripped.mbus was given a gift of cocoa beans. they have found that eating chocolate helps fight heart diseasel 6 Earty versions of this were made from DOe piece of metal. the real popularity of chocolate does not really come down to the cocoa itself. "He looks nice!' But if he was getting off. they feel happy and relaxed! One question I'm often asked is. most of the time the places he tanded on were islands . Yeah. 8 This was in~ented by a Norwegian clerk named Johann Vaaler. A Columbus? You mean the glJ)' who discovered America? B Yeah! Except he didn1 discover A """"". In fact. that's true. Thurman invented this in t899. Track 21 A Hey Jane. B N1CI another quality? A Sometl1ing you don1 have. Coh.what he called the West Indies.es do you think are impJrtant in a friend? B Oh. A You wouldn 't believe how t met my boyfriend. we were at scho:xlI together. I haven't really thought about it. As many poisonous plants would normally be bitter. whch is added to take rmw the naturally bitter taste of cocoa. A Very fulny. but I'd guess I'd need them to be able to listen to me. No.ty favome food is probably Italian. t hasten to add. scientists have found that part of the cocoa bean contains a chemical that helps prevent tooth decay! N1CI in the U. The first Track 19 1 A So. helping me to my feet . people naturally have a ' sweet tooth' . getting off. Do you think fewer peope will get married? Sure. SO the population won't grow as quickly as they think. =>d" This was inveflted by accider1t in 1946 when Dr. a piece of cheese is what I'd have as my comfort food. 00w Ioog have you known Jake? AtXlut seven weeks.. I'm a vegetarian so I don't eat meat. Of course.Tryptophan. they rested on the bridge of the nose. B Well. 00w did you meet? Oh! Nothing unusual. ten me . A For me. only made the idea popular. In Japa!1. well. N1CI 00w did you meet? I was waiting fOf a bus and there he was. Mmrnmm . Do you? Do you like the party? Mmmmm. was the inventor of this technology and Faraday later used the idea. 9 The modern ' lead' ~ersion was invented in England.. 2 William Cullen. Columbus didn't realize that. B Oh. he was the first European to reach America. 4 Marconi. scientists in a number of countries have found that chocolate contains chemk:aJs that have benefrts. rt's so funny. 10 This was invented by a secretary from Texas. INhat do you like eating? B Ah! A difficutt question. In fact. Did you date at school? No! In fact I didn't ~ke him at all. It wasn't unt~ the early nineteenth century that chocolate as a food. ~ has to be money.~ was really embarrassing. but they forgot to mention that fewer people are gening married and many are starting their families later.g model was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in B Sure. lt was an invention with a bright Mure. It is useful fOf writing and drawing and can be erased very easily. of course. One of the main ingredients is sugar. Originally rt was a triangular shape made of wire. Wow! But still.S. B Arld what 's that? A Patience. B A Sure. A Isn't ~ incredible that the population of the world is going to double. """""'" B """"'". USA. A I've never understood 00w FIOI18 and Marl< can be such good friends.none of them dangeroos. rt's no good if someone is jealous or if they don't respect you for who you are. No.. Well.. when people eat chocolate. A Yep! B That's pretty funny. INhat do you like eating? B I guess I'm a litHe bit of a A How much do you eat eacll week? B Oh! At least a bar a day! A So. A But does that mean you onty eat vegetables? B No! In fact. 3 Both Joseph Swan and Thomas Edison invented the electric version in t878. That might be true. A I was working as a waitress in a restaurant and I spilled SOUp over this man. put rt this way. The first model used gas for power. Most people think 1JJal. Probably not. too? YoM Would you like to dance? To dance? Great party! them will get married in the next A few years. what we know as Indonesia. B Oh! That one. So. but I still don 't think the workir. honor should go to Leit Eriksson. B A Qualities of a friend? B Yeah! A Well. she's about 22 and he must be at !east 50. many of you will know that chocolate Ofiginally comes from Central i\merica. A Why trust? B Well. So. Howe~er. did you see that show on TV last night? B What show? A The one about the world 25 years from now. especiaJ~ spaghetti with MaIch. what qualit. 2 A So. Track 20 Welcome to Chox. B Go 00. Petey leBaron Spencer found that a chocolate bar that was in his pocket had rnej\ed while he was workilg with mK:rowave radiation. FIOI18. on one of his voyages to the Americas. [)on 't you? B No. rt would be fish . Sandra. Mike. A But that's Italian. B Morey'? A Come on! t'm joking. B 5 fXlPlI\ation wi~ daJbIe. you talk enough.. The ear1iest types of these didn't have arms. yes. fI. Absolutely! [interested] - Track 14 A So. interestingly. Miguel. he thougllt he'd sailed around the world and reached the Spice Islands. I guess ~ I had to choose one thing. I think that's too big an age difference and they don't even ~ke the same things. INhat are you reading? B I'm reading an arbcle aoout Columbus. but it doesn't mean that they won" have children. trust. B So? A Well. ' Is chocolate good for you?' Well. but I don't like piZZa. for example. B What do you mean? A WeB. B Yoo don't believe that. She likes going out to discos and he just likes a quiet time fishing. what do you like eating? B I guess I'm not like many A What do you mean? B Weil l don't really like chocolate. Modern cross·blades are used 2 2 A B A B 3 """ 3 A B A B A 4 . It takes ~s name from Greek and means "far mushrooms. rather than a drink. the biggest chocolate factory in the world. It wasn't until almost 100 years later that peope could buy one to keep their f()(Xj cool. I've neve. ~ is very usefut for keeping pieces of pap9f together. wel l. 7 4 Track 18 1 protein /I chocolate II substance 2 calories II minerals IllIitamins 3 unsweetened II unhealthy II potatoes 4 circulation II carbohydrate /I -< Track 15 A A1l<Ji. "'" by clothes makers and barbers. B [)on'. rt was easy! I dropped my purse and he helped pick up all the things. I thougtlt. What about you. I' ~ tel you a little bit about chocolate. Most of my friends aren't married and I don't tl1ink any of ""'" B 4 A B A What do you mean? 01 course he did. AM' There he was. The first electric model wasn't invented until 1803. They didn't have any A ""'" Unit 5 Track 17 1 John S.understood that why did he call them the West Indies? They're nowhere near India. A So. Do you know John. It oontained no lead and was given its name by mistake. Given the choice. became popular. 3 A B A B Sure they did. They were probably invet1ted in Italy.he's OON your boyjriend. what makes chocolate so addictive is all the extra things that are added to rt . V'Illile we walk around the factory. Leifwho? AudIoscript . how did you first meet? B Well. He went from door-to -door cleaning ~'s carpets. Track 16 1 A So. Chocolate also contains a natural "love drug" .Workbook Audioscript 4 5 6 7 a A B A B A B A B A B I work in the travel industry. They showed the birth rate and the increase in people 's life expectancy. but for me rt's pasta. But you might rot know that the Aztecs used to use cocoa beans as a kind of money. 1876. who some people think invented this. do you? A &lre. without a doubt. then I wouldn't want you as a friend. INhat do you like eating? B Well.

with races 01 00 own OIention. Probably the most noticeable thing atxJut Tolkien's work is how real his world seems. C FICtion! Wasta 01 tme. . she'.mp face." C Wrrf do you w<¥'1t to go 5 6 ? S 9 10 .I streets. It kild 0( captlX9S the rooment. He has a pointed nose and a prominent ctMn.! won by less than taf a second. but wtr{? They have great stories.."""". a separate cootflent. A 'Nhat with? Yoo're always 00rr0wing I"I"'O"le'I from me! WOO? A You know. and the pictures just add to the whOle thir.and that is financiaJly. dwarves. the Ganacians were.st doo't know WI Should tell her. My mom won 't ~t has really deep-set A Come on. Arnefica was named alte' the FIofentne ' " why? Because he was the Iirst person to re<ize that the Americas were no! pM 01 Asia and were.. A That jacket.. And there's that golfer . In fact. be reaIy 8IYT'I with you. 2 3 4 Track 26 A Don't be such a baby! Oh. I r. then I'm rot happy.nat about other fantasy books? Fantasy books have been arOO'ld lor many years. Another woman darning she can c:orrpete against men. I can't. 01 CXlUfS& you s!'lotjj! A But d I do. just sit back <V1d erPt it. and wizards.. but the customs officer doesn't need to. Gymnastics..? A WON! look at this j:tloto. this guy was my nineteen and he could easily be Fb. I read was so ftroy it made me cry! Now that's what I caB good..' '>< coordinaton determination mesmeriZing . arl)U19 . A Vvhere did you get that? I"~. I dal't WMI to have to think \'He I'm reaci1g. 10 """"" -" _" 5 6 7 S - • """'. amazirlg cmracters. but so wi the men. """"" AeoIy? Oh. A ""~.1l1 ~. rigltt Yoo stole~. The second reason.. unbelievable! The team had so much stamina and det9l'1'l'Wlation . the teadW wi he<w". Vvhat do you mean? A Wei. 2 3 4 Track Z1 AeoIy? """" • • """""' """""'''' """'.. bot not all. A B """'" -~... For me. Yoo won't tel anyone.ro cx:mpares Hogwarts with Midcle-Earth wi anger Mel outrage Ttfden fans. 'MIat was anazing was the lac! that ~ team Oft. nol 00. • • • • • S'oWmWlg il the 200B "... Track 32 A HtJ1! Look at lt1is article hero. after two iOCmeters of rowilg to win by on~ a fraction of a second . are yoo? No. ok then. 3 TNs . I did! A Yeah. faster. ~ team wasn't the laYoriIe. A Hey! Stop cheamg! A But 'PI're cheatilg. mom. no! just for ILnt People said I wcUd fYW' out 01 them..o.. The first 01 these is the dynarric nature 01 most nwtiaI arts.. the limit's one box Mel one bottle.• . more m more people leal that they need to be able to ~tect themselves when walking aIoo.. that's . Wrj . My favorite has to be SpiOerman . A Yes. 5 6 """.. I think fflEIClng SI'IOUd be 10" learning. many fantasy writers have tried to create eq. • • 2 • wiming his fifth gold medal of the 0I'ympic games in Athens...". Ttfden created his own world.. She was oriy 14. Md one wtictt is COI'T'lTlCtl 00"0I1Q women. have been MaOOwe. shl3'1 be so If you doo't. CXle of the best kNOwn is The Lord of the Rings by J. caIed Middle-Earth. Unit 7 Track 25 TNs man has a pretty pk. ~ has be Michael Phelps .. H you ttri: atxJut ~. and she firds out you knew. 3 OK. A WeI. n fact. It (3l'.. No..what about PaJja Radciffe.A.I'Ider bushy eyebrows. His ears stick out and his eyes are fairly dose- No. I didn't. ""'''' • • • or • • • strength. A AAd why do we cal ~ Arnefica and not CoIumbusiand Of something? B WfA that's easy. bot not all. But not I. I bo. you stxJN me a woman • """""..r1. no? . I txlught it. !-is Iorehead is klw and he has a nat some sctooI worK. rtMte(." Oh yea. get belter. the best moment has to be Manhew" Pinsent winning his fro1h gold in four difftwent Olympics. The Lad 01 the Rings is about the age--<t:I battle Track 28 A IIo'1c7N Illi best Iriero's boyfrierd is SEOOg someone else. 'Nhat I loved was the look of astonishment on his face when he reaized what he'd dOlle. However. have. a biography ex a 000k about real events. especially at night.! But vbj was he so A So? A So. the best ItW'Ig is a good klYe story you know. stronger ••• better. can I go """"'" • • toJerny's? B Give me a good murder mystery Mf day. she'. as wei as ffiCI1y traditional mythical races such as elves. I think ~ COlJj have been de • • • • swm • • • ""... Yean! Pretty~.re. the Bmish rna<alhon runner? She can beat most men in the marathon. She beat a load of men in a tournament. 'Mlat's the point 01 reaOOg abou1 stull that iSn't even ~ NcrN. !hen I W<VlI it to make me 1aI. A But StXeIy if 'PI're Iookilg at the 2004 Olympics. 2 TNs man has an angular face.man """. whefe the man gets the WOIl"a"I n the end..nat was reaIy goot was the bok on tis lace after he'd won. so I stole it. Men. He was a Vi<ilg expk)rar 'AOO landed n C<nada arnost 5IXI yeas before CokJmbus set sal n the fifteenth centl. but two reasons are most common. C AnyItmg to declare? 4 Unit 6 Track 22 1 Do you think M. the best part is trying to figure out who dunnit! UI'\Iess there's a good twist n the plot. Surely I guess he may have.g. Sh! Hyou don't ru~. . is as a means 01 self-defense. Since Lad 01 the Imgs.eJt vMd Mel rea!isoc worlds. wi) yOOl A 'MIat are you going to do? AbouI. 'Nhat? COlI"S9 it is..qi. Mom. everyc:ne knows that men <W& better at sp:::rtS than """'. MiChelle Wei. Woo! A Yeahllwl . I know that. For me. you have !tYee Ixlxes 01 cigarettes Mel at least two bottles 01 whske.. .nallll<e.nat? A WfA. C School work! You're not lying to me. in particlJl<M'. not an sports are about A Track 30 ""'"""" A Huh! That's not a real sport.ro can beat men at n. No..Workbook Audioscript B Leif Eri<sson. HaIry Porter has already exceeded The Lord of the Rings in one way . k:lts. Wei..rnaMgt between good and eW . " intelligent optmistic • ""'" Unit 8 Track 29 We're going to catch up on some school wO!K... but.. • • II's amazing to think that 5 Cervantes and Shakespeare migtlt have died on the same Track 23 A Fa 1M. Track 24 Everyone has heard about Harry Porter. IItri. the British • A WeI. Just Jnagine. Pete? lkl1. A Yep! Most. are anracted by the inage that many of the martial ats have. reacMg is abou1 reIaXilg. A But that's not fair.rmg . A 'Nhal's the !1OOtest sporti1g moment for you. Can I gJ? Tra ck 31 There are many reasons for people wanting to learn a martial art. So? If yw keep quiet. nol Oh. I don't rdy have tine. But H I'm goi'Ig to read SClI'lleII'i'g.-. Tel her you're going to a frierd's to do eyes l. Tell me one that isn't.I'1II HatTy Potter has WI')'OOe managed to succeed. il leday's society. He has ttwl eyebrows abo\Ie i&'ge eyes. A &.a theme otten fOlIld illTl(l'l'J fantasy 000ks. A .A@in. His ips ae vesy hAl 00t he has a Iaitt smaI rose.. The last tx:dI. it 0:::000'..RR TeoI<8l.:v1owe rni!1l1 h<MI been the real 2 3 4 -' My. E """'. ex cc:use. nobOOy wi know.. Frst 01 aI he coIapsed Md then he cried his eyes out when he g:rt tis • . A Are you coming to the party tcright? I can't. 2 3 4 o 5 6 7 S 9 Mm""..ming or boxilg 01 .but I hated the """"" ""'..

. A How can mil.. what is? B Wf.AIXI what atlererce does thai """""..Workbook Audioscript B WeI.Ie 01 tile.telligence.. H means that he leaves lor work at about seven in the morning and I'm kicky ~ he's home before nine at rj.nat it does. W rIOt surprising. To be hcroest. bok at ttis one. I krDw that! But what does geneticaly mcdified !TI9a"l? WeI. come on! AI food is messed cro. I'm ctMousIy intelgent in one of the """" do. --. lhink of an the lertizers that are """.. SQI'l1e ol the QOeSIions ~ to do with shapes.' " abrut it . A &. lose !-is job.J. 00 they? 5 You're rrmied. I've art down. you r:rit live once. for example.. A B A B A It's that ~? B Oh.. cognitive 8 . the tlWlg lhat amoys mel One tt"Wlg that stops people buying vk. water. A I tel you . 11ll6lI1.a 00.J. isn't it? You get heme after a long day at work.e. as wei as the Well.nat. A B W9I that was all caused by the cows being led contcrnina.. gNen how ~ ~ is. but I need something to calm my nerves. Wei. about one pen:ent of the water.. After ai.. atnost three-quarters 01 the SLM"face 01 the earth is coYOred with the stull. The arncu1t of junk food eaten nowadays.. water? B Yes. ""'. B Good afternoon. the only thing that changes is wI'le!e ~ is. To start with.xifiOO.. Vllhat. then. don't yo.Jways WOIl)Ylg that he'. poll" ~ one to ~ you retax... B No.b. A No./? 4 Men don't lYe as long as women. ...o9? 3 4 Pass me the jar 01 honey. You're gM3n three ~ and a bIri square. but it isn't that easy. messed ~ with. that's part of its beauty... I thi'lk the maill'9aSCJl men don't want women COI1l)8ting in the S<ITIEI events is because they're afraid eX bei'lg beaten. A B "" WeI. but you can learn. look. test B Yaat1! There seems to be one in fMJfy magazine nowadayS. that's right. isn't it? What do you mean? Wf!j. Dr.be 01 toothpaste. be GM free? B It means the WNS haven't been led with food that's been A A B Vllhat do you 1ll6lI1? B WfA. like musical inteligence Mel ilterpersonal intelligence? Yes..jht! It's so easy. then you're asked to Choose from leu dtferent Shapes end deC:XIe which one best fits the empty space. Dr.Alld how rnarrt 00 these socaIed tests check? ProbOOIy r:rit two or tIYee. Sure. hOw rru::h do we use? B Not a lot. Paul Roberts.. aren't yoo? 2 ThaI's bad lor YOU. Something that is viIalto us./? B CII. .0. Water starts Off in the ocean. didn1 ".nat you pay lor. lood ... ... but I think a lot 01 caIecI "INat&<".. they're r:rit vegetables..nat's the big deal? It's reaIy important 10 know what's in OIS food.st so easy to drive everywhere. Unit 9 Track 33 A Look at this! Another 1. which is far less than you lind in the ICe arru"Id the Natfl and South poles. and I still don't beUeve they Track 35 1 You're American.. because it ShOIJd realty be B A B A B Wei that's!1XJd then.. . just more expensive. I'm just saying that unli I know .nat's in rt am. I know it's unhealthy. was~? 10 You want rTlO!e.. well. 6 7 They've aI becO'ne nalicroal Track 34 2 3 4 spatial discriminate empathize 5 6 7 """'" intelligence discredted Track 38 A On today's program we have Dr. I don't know .t do you me<I"I Wrr{?" Wei. s People just don't watd1 what they eat. isn't it? 3 You exercise fNefy day.. it rains onto the lend." 3 4 5 the terrible graphics. I ttri:.. doesn't it? 8 You cooked this ~f.. 2 contarmated ""'" How many have you seen? I've never ~ watchi'lg Tv.OOIe bar 01 ChocoIa.. A B 4 A """ you have to think Because about the color 01 the backgrourd." yo.. you've dru1k half a bottle! It's easy to say you don1 have a proIjem. I 1Tl!m.. yes! Pro we ffilISt also remember that lhe ~tity A You mean that the amount of water doesn't change? B No. and the water goes into rivers and strewns.. He ate a v.n:I with. my doctor said. do you rernerrber allhose scaes abrut Mad CoN Disease a lew years back? Yep! ""'" lood.. A Wei. ~'s <maZing hOw rru::h we waste. We recycle water all the time. evaporates " to the air. A Track 39 1 Gan I have a bag of d1ips? 2 How rroch is that bonle of "". I tried to sign ~ to a local hea/lh dub but it cost $25 a week! I know I should waJ<. this ~ is GM free. M:I how many typeS eX inteligera are thInI ~ to be? Oh! I think it's eight. It's also interestng to see what we 00 with water..1 9 II wasn't you.oo? Aanit you're aI just scared. 'Twice a week' . After that. B Wei. WeI. come Ofl! That's noI the point. 3 . In fact. But what does GM me<I"I? GeoeticaIy rnc. don't you? Track 36 1 To be honest... I used to go through aOOut a pack a day. then we WOlIki'I'. ~ the ones who MI guilty. IMIat ftavcI" is that container 01 k::ecnxm? A can 01 beans.. 'Nhen we talk about dirty water crd contaminated water. isn't it? W"fI 'Mla.~ we <idn't \hirl( have water. ~'s.tlich in tum go back "to the oc:e<Vl . No.. you get . Roberts.. one of a number 01 wOOd experts on water.. H's pretty /\my that we cal 0lI" planet "Earth.. It'S absokJIeIy scandalous how we continue to pollute the YefY thing that keeps WeI. He's. A Oh. ~t is the reason? WeI .. I don't see how that tasts .st not lair.. ~. . people are asking lor ~! My husband suffers from this.. 5 A B A B A B A B A 1 But one 01 the ideas now is that there MI different ki'ods 01 inteIigenCEI. is~? Fait? Far Ior..ted So you're S8"ying that GM is the same as contanYlated. most people jllS! don·t realize how il1portant """'" genetics implanting 8 '"""""" '""""" """ How rTQ"ly tines has he been Have they firished? """" pesticides 10 resistant Track 43 1 The thing I really hate about this 2 The way in l'Alich games become addictive Track 41 A Look at this packet. Well. but it doesn't mean I'm rot intEligent.nat all the fuss is about. The next thing you know. but now I probably orty have about five a day. B 5 Unit 11 Track 42 Have you seen the latest reaity 2 3 4 5 Unit 10 Track 37 1 2 6 7 8 """"" • 5 6 "'" foore1 3 7 """ """" drains IV"""'baking so happy? Why's he How long have you been other ways. B """'. A Wf.. aren't you? 6 You're ~ wi toniojlt. A Noway! 8 9 artistic 10 abilities """"'" water is 10 us. we can r:rit Qri./? 7 Ths lastes great. Good afternoon. you won 't catd1 me worrying atxJut it.. thEw"e you go. 5 6 7 8 9 Track 40 1 . Exactly.. I A B B So. B Not atways -there's organic And you're telling me that orgaric food is better for me? B It's probably healltl ier. A So. B Vllhat? A It says "Contails no GM ingredients. I'm not going to eat rt. After all.. ~. I've neY9I" been very good with spatial tli'lgs. """ He. A B A Have you &vef taken one? Yes. it's caIed ~ inteligenCe$. Roberts.te! We drink two C<W10flS 01 juiCe a doy. B But how do you know that? Why can't ~ be the second ""'" 2 3 . then !oms douds..to work. can't yo. A B us alive. In lact. A Easy! ~'s the thil"d shape. but it's.1eo games . We need Mother t!.

A No. B In what w<J(? e They need to Show ~ know stuff. """"? B .(? B A B I ~t kM of wrote in. It's absurd to say they don'. does passirY. so 1I<tla1's ~ ike to be a celebrity? WfA.. people ere? B 01 cx:use they n.. B Well.y quaified <n:I have experience 01 workilg in a variety 01 ro.xational. there ere also some positive effects and these should oot be Jorgelten. So. FrstIy. Trac k 45 A Wr:m! Did you see lhat Show on TV last ni!. we also have iYI extensive social program. e I'm sony. I mean. ~'s adictive trash.. Leanne on line one.. ~ has to be the ~ w&i. I mean. come on! You can't reaIri believe that. who has been carrying out research on this topic for more than three years. as far as I'm concemOO. So.. 2 3 4 Track 48 """ .... ''-''''-''I wortc.(0) students a year. They my measue hcr... wOO<. lief! school at 16 without passirY. 0 Yes. so what's the pOOt? A B Good evening. doesn't it? I guess some are good. 2 A "'. A Just shows hem sI'\aI::Jw you e Track 44 0 Hey! No need to be Ilde.. We teach CM!I: 12. 3 4 arne(iorate 5 6 7 8 9 scientifc 10 tl'8f1SlX(lation . 4 Track 49 WfJa:xne to WoocI<n::l Language School. Wet I'd prefer to watch that than some doct. Hi. from I'lc:lnestay to seII-oontained apMmer1ls.. WOI. I think yoJ've both!1Y&1 us !lings to think about. These kids Jose the abity to sociaize most ~ers play these g<mes aIore. ""fI . """""'.. .st atout school exams. " paape had to retake !hem f!NelY few yen. ~'s pretty funny. - ""'.j exans Show v.rnentary on people""". We offer a wide range 01 COO"SeS.IuOOg TOEFL and Business Engish. I thoulj11. 0 Me. Sa-Mntho. but •... wt1ich is a considerable number.xatiOnal inStitufuns..l8ti Vv'hat cIo you mean? e Well. . are exans a fair way of frong out how srra1. "That kXlks M ' .I"e some peqJIe's knOwledge. We also ~p our students with theW accorrmodation needs. but we're not taIIing. let's go to OU" li"st caner. One minute I was wOfking in my local supErlTIaIket and the next ffWute . makilg it possiJIe lor us to find somethi ~ to slit ~ who o:mes. no one remembers what they did in a test. 5 Track 50 optirristic 2 -".Workbook Audioscript 6 7 8 A the twgh cost. we have two guesls in the studo that have dfIerilg W3ws on the vakJe 01 exMIS.. We h::Jpe that you'" time here will be both ~ and useflJ. 6 . For us that's probably !he most useful thing about them. if you ask me. e INrri wooId you want to watch that stuff? A Because it's ro.Jd you want to employ M engineer to build a tri:Ige W they'd fajed thai' 9' 'gi I0OI i WJ - e famous.tleIher you'. 8 They don't ~ a thing! I passed my math exa-n 00:1 yell stiI e<n'1 baance my acc. thank you for being my first guest on the .v goOO someone is at Iakilg tests. I"d watched the first series Md thOught. it makes people reW:lw what they've stU(ied and that can orVy be beneficial. many peopIa take a test Mel then forget EM!J)1hing.. B WeI. Gocx:I evOOng.even when you're A So. good morning .l'lCOI'llkrta chairs. they're watcti"g everyttWlg you do . For ex<rTllIe. Ivan ParIts who ~ the head of Awonl. but tests are a proven way 01 showing ij someone ~ smart e Oh. 7 Tests! Completely pointless. A OK Tt\CJlk you both. B It was tooiJle! You ~'t believe how nasty othef people can be! And to know that the wt'toIe COlKltry knows all ycu secrets.. You 00her kn:lw it Of you cion'\. Ar'IOIh&.. Ryan. In reality it's not as clear cut as that. Unit 12 Track 46 A The phone-in on teday's show is about exams and how ~t they ere. but others ¥8 a waste of time. rut thai's not the same as being soo::essfU. I'm ctong shcJNs Ike this. the biggeSt problems we social. the tI1ng thai pefSU&CIes Ptq)Ie \0 buy the game. was ~ actl. ~ was reaJIy bad at the time. I'm sony you leellhat wWof. but I think that's and yet I was still pretty successful. are . it's geat to be here. 2 WfA. People also suffer from backadle from sittOg in l. A 'MIat. in a A Well. 5 6 7 8 """'" """"" ". Evening.J 0lJ'" teachers we n.h. as there are two Sides to the issue. On the one hand there is ~ of evidMce to Show that W:teo games can be bad. One thing I've noticed is thatl'T'Wly kids who play lots 01 these gcrnes have ~ Q. Ryan. not how sma1 they are. . ArstIy. Dr.- are the psyd'loIogicaJ reasons. 10 To be tn'lest. Parks. not even EngIsh? e No! I was tentlle at Ergish.. On tonigll's show 'He'A. HcM'eYtY. A Vohlat? You watCh that stuff as well? """'. MMy 01 these games are extremely vioIeI1t and this can't be good for young people. e 0 &re..! gcMng to be taJIOOg to Samantha Wilson.. . A First. B A I'lld OU" secord guest is the !anile in Africa.ick reactiorls and geat hcn:Ieye coordnation. OK. including vigjts to the theater Of sporting events.x)U'11$. "Come on. so when I heard they were maktlg MOlher show.. but that's different. if you have 'iflt (JJ8Stions .xi"1g. but some of them.tlWlg ~ that ij the kids are pIayi1g garnes.. ISIder because wgJ """"". Dr.Jd you find out who knows things? I failed aI my exams at SChOOl e Not aD. An:j WOI. A An:j what -""'" . WOI. 9 In my company we use them III the time to sea how wei people cope under pressure.. - """ pOOtless . Those of you... it really depends on the test. Before we take yr:AJI cals. as wei as headaches and even problems with tOOr tmds Md fingers. but now I'm A I'lld you ttWlk it was worth . star of Channel 1's latest reality SOOw. e But TV stnJId be reIa. too. ~'s strange reaty. Secondy.. there B B A e "'yo. they can damage you'" eyesight. .j ant of my ex<ms. B So I guess you watch aI those soaps Md reaity Track 47 A ~e waste of lime.. I1CM' I'm makilg lots 01 money and 11 never have to wOOl. Scm. How else WOI. you can cIothat". B Yes. An exciting commercial ()l10dayS program we'lS askJ'g Ate I'Ii:1eo games bad fa )OO? In \he stLdo I have Ryan Ferguson. yeah! Sure.tlt? Tho _ _ _ B 'M'ich one? A - ~agajn.Jd you? B Oh. you have to be able to rTI6aSI..no are nterested in pwtic:tlating and not just watchi1g won~ be dsappoiltecl. J can~ be A -. at least they can~ be gelling into trouble on the streets. e In wtich case.. then it WOUld be afferent. I guess not.. aren't I? B [)efi1tetj. This ooabIes us to grve students exact~ wtlat they reQUire. so ~ 's reafty difficu~ to S2tj. Ihero are medcaI reasoos.. oot ..M:I we go about it? We've been usilg exaTIS oo:Ilests silce we first stood on two legs. h."'" ••. But as it is. I mean..Jd you want to go to a doctor who hadn't passed medical school? e No. e -.. Dr. After ai. Please cal me &vn.deo games bad B Thai's a Vf1fY ilterestng question because it treats the topic as vert black and white. But. 3 Well. be su::x::essfU in ife? B &re . one of the IeOOng exam boards in the COUltry. how else WOI. WeI. An:j how dd you get on the novelist Annie Jones. ~ isn't natural to spend hoIxs on end staring at a computer Of TV screen. P. Parks. Good evooing. wei. There ere <itlerent types of accorrvnodation available. Hyou had the chcr'lce to do it again.. Sam.".

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Stephen Lawrence Lowry 1887-1976. reprinted by permission of tha publisher.4 . reprinted by permission of the author and publishef. recording. EMI Mllsic Publishing Ltd . 74 .. Carbis! Jose Luis Pe laez pp 73. Unit 3. 137. electronic. Ana Palricia Maf1 iMz Vile. Run Willms The Source Photography Cover design. Jose Luis Martinez Prado. Barbar. Ma(l8zi116 September 1999. 42 . CorbisITom Stewart p124a . CorbisI RuffIIS F. MiIfY Evans pp 59b. All Rights Reserved . Atamy! Andy Myatt p119. T he publ ishers gratefu lly acknowledge the following for permission to reproduce copyright material. Unit g: Lesson 5: Tha Logical Song Words and Music by Roger Hodgson & Richard Davies copyright CI Delicate MusiclAlmo Mllsic Corporation. Alamy/ Noah Levy p96t1. Alamy/ lmage Source pSa .V. reprinted by permission of the autl"lor. Mari Cnoz Rea. 54. 1919 pl3c. Corbisl Oi Maggio Ke. ALamyl Johnathan Kim p20 (jordan). 113r.. Lesson 3 : Extract from "Talk 10 me' by Liz Barry copyright C Uz Barry 2003. p7A1amy/ John Fon p6c. Getty News and Sport! Pascal Rondeau p86.{. Lesson 4 : Extract from 'Focus Rated' first published in Focus .V. W6 8BS 1974.F. 52a. 44a . Pathumwan .. Scott Storch and Timothy Mosley copyright CI EMI April Music InclTennman TlInes .macmillanenglish. 44 . Chris Taylor. especially M~ey Rogers and Jonn Waterman fOf allthei.hers. 3&1. SA de C .ible. CorbiS! Bettmann p13c. taken from www. reprinted by permission of the publisher. 142. SOa. CorbisI Paul Edmondson p121 tl. Digital VISion pl32: EmpicsI Sven Simon pl1 . but in some cases this has proved imposs. Getty News and Sport/ Hulton Archive p14 . wjthoulthe prior written permission of the p118. Corbis! Chuck Savage '-'" p131 . WC2H DOY and Music Sales Limited. Claudia Cruz Annenla.5. rtes p32. 141 : Gettyl Image bank pp Ila. Phil Solem . Union Toots p67a.OO. USA. COfbisi Stephen Welstead pl38. or by any means.on(Ion W6 8BS 1995. 121br. Every effort has been made 10 trace copyright holders.com Magazinf1 No. 108. Mirna Zuge. III. TVT Mllsic lroc and Virginia Beach Music. Corblsl Jim Craigmyle p72.macmillan. pholocopying . 65. reprinted by p8fmission 01 Music Sales Umited. Rocio Tepichin. CorbisI Ray Juno pl05. reprinted by permission of Music Sales Limited. raprinted by permission of Intarnational Music Publications Ltd.-/ Elizabeth Young p 32 . 139. Israel Martinez Quiroz.1. Brigitte Mund . Gelly News and Sport! Pedro Armestra pl06. 1191. CorbisI Ted Harowitcz pl23 . p65. Lumpini. lonoon. Rocio Matabuena Cascajaras... 2006 Student's Book text C . 87br. Corbis! Roger Ressmeyes pI26a. CorbisJ Ni ng Chiu p71f.JIlIe p 1260. 4&:1 . SpoIV Wamer Bros.mx A wholly owned subsidial}' 01 Macm~lan Publish8fs Holding Ltd www. 90 (header).2 . International Copyright Secured. Bridgeman! Piarra Augusta Renoir 1841-1919 -. 101 (header): Powerstockpp 90.142b.bibIe. -. Getty News and Sport! Tony Duffy p86a .R. 131 . Printed and bound in Thailand Thil boo!<. Alamyl Frantisek Staud pp 8711. Alamy/lmage 100 PI) 72.4 . 354 March 2003. London .A . Corb i&! Nancy Nay p1241. BOa. 114tr.50-35HI tSBN. Unit 3: Lesson 2: I'll Be Thent fOT You Words and Music by Michael Skloff. S7. Lesson 4 : Don'f Lei The Sun Go Down On Me Words by Bernie Taupin afld Music by Elton John copyright C Big Pig Music'Warner Chappell Arlemis Music Limrted .. 38b. Bloomsbury pp 62b. 121. t42c.. Bangkok 10330. reprinted by permission of Il1Iemationat Music Publications Lid. reprinted by permission of Internationat Music Publicat ions Ltd and EMI MusiC Publ ishing Ltd. Alamyllmagll State pl OI . stored in a retrieval system. Vackimes Serret. reprinted by petrTlission of the publisher. CorbisI Mitchell Gerber p7le . D . Jorge Antonio SIlonchez S!!onchez. Unit I : Lesson I extract from 'Why people use pseudonyms' by Alex McNeil first published in Shakasp6af8 Matters VoI. reprinted by permission 01 the publisher. Alamyl U I<nIft p7ld .V.4 . Alamy! Jean Luc Morales p32 . Luke Prodromou 2006 Design and lIIusuation C .. 1341. COfbisI Jeff C .com. lIb. soc. an interview with D< Doug Parr. and encouragement. 49 (sneakers). 112 (header). Science Photo LibrarylAdam Hart-Davis p 102..oom. Corbis/ Rose serral11b. Uni12: Lesson I : Beal.. 113br. first published in IATEFL Issue No: 173 June-July 2003. Marta Kaul'fman. 135..J Garside. l1Jr. 263. 26 (headef). FoIkks pp 16b. PI36. 86. Aguiar. Maria Cristina Pinheiro da COncei!.2. 38 (header). The publishers would be happy 10 hear 'rom any copyright hoIdet that hat not been acknowledged. C) Editorial Macmillan de Mexico. London. 4Sa . Alamyl Stephen Voss p10Sa. Alamy/ Gavin HeliBr p90. mechanical. 124b. / Geographic pllc. W ireless Road. 45. raprinted by permission of tnternational Music Publications Ltd . 970~50-351·X Editorial Macmillan de Mexico. 59<1: Nintando p114bl . 118. de C . Aurelio Antonio Martinez Rivera .6 . Tom Salsbuf)". first published in Associated Press 23.. Alamyl Popperfoto pp 20 (maradona)..2 .. 114br.Macmillan Companies and representatives throughout the world Teac:her'$ edition le~1 written by Mike Sayer O. 147 (young man).A.3. Aulaa Conce~ Faria de Araujo.I34b. CorbIs! Jack HottingSWQrth pI21b1.6 .. Alamyl John Pa l Vi lh elmsson. AJamyl Bill Bachmann p1Ob. Tel: (55) 5482 2200 Fax: (55) 5482 2203 elt@macmillan. Sty1ianos N . 104.. Corbisl John Madera pp94b. CorbiS/ Francis G. 97t. Corbis! NASA p49 (shutt le).3. or otherwise.08. 32. USA 2002.2. C Edilooal Macmillan de Mexico. 13. Corbis . y8(Iid Monroy Segundo. was printed in January 2007 by: Thai Watana Panich Press Ltd Wave Place Build ing.R. CorbisI Ed Kashi p2Q (allende).. Corbis! Jon Feingersh p116. CorbisI Bob Rowan 97b. CortIisI Stave Thornton p142e./ pp 11 2a. Comm issioned Photographs by: Dean Ryan PI> 38a. first published in New Infamafionalisl Av.35. AI Rights Reserved.. Corbis. 62a .22. SteYe Linnell. Unit 5: Lesson 3: Cry Me A RiverWords and Music by Justin Timberlake . Corbi" Jim Cummins p83. Bergsaker Tore p84b1.lisl1 p115.CorbisI George Ettienoe p8 . Alamyl Vittorio Sciosia p82b. David CraM. Corbis! Roy Morsch pp 27.1. Getty News and Sport! Staton R. Alamyl Andre Jenny pIDl . 48 (header). Getty News and Sport! Soon Halleran p84m: '-" Gelly News and Sport! Steve Hansen p86b. 9th " oor. Intemabonal Copyright Se<:ured. Maria Cristina V. 51 . OW Design The authors would like to thank all those at Macmillan inYOlved in the project.l. CorbisI Raben Van der Hilsl p50b. 55. Corbis! Observer dispatch p84br. Getty ~ and CI Famovs Music Publishing Umited 2003. 87.03. USA 2002. lSa . 99. 72 . Unit II : Lesson 6 : Come Away Wilh Ma Words and Music by Norah Jones copyright Cl Muthajonas MUSic LLC. 89 . 00. chief flCientist 01 Greenpeace' both taklln from Fows Magazine september 2000.1.5 . CorbiS/ Don Masonp19a . Corbisl DaytOna Beach News p14 . 1211r.. Sabine RaizlOf.Corbisi Reuters publis. Press Association pp 62e. Allee Willis and Danny Wilde copyright C n Dawn Music CA. first published in The Guardian 17. Atamyl Robert Harding World Imagery p58.-' 74 .R.2 Wlnt8f 2003. 47 . Infograms pI14t1 . 142d. 96. Getty I Tax i pp43. C Kale Fuscoe. 128. Carbis! Lawrence Manning p6b. Alamyl Zigzag Images p84t. 109. We WOiJ ld particu larty like to thank the following people for their help in piloting materia~ and making suggestions: Mariel8 Cano Moreno. 38c. Atamy/ Archiv Berlin FOIoagoentur GMBH p108b. CorbisI Walter Smith p73. 8OIr. Alamy/ Pintail Pictures '--'"" S. support. Press Association! Neil Leiffer p801 . 147 (old woman).3. 67 . Corbisl Charles Grupton pl25. Lesson 4: Extract from "Web Issues' by Adrian Tennant copyright CI Adrian Tennant 2003. 15. Gelly! National ' . Corbis pp lId. Rick Gomez p124m . 77. San Anton io 170. Corbis! Gregory Pace p71b. Oth6n Lll90 Cruz. A~ Rights ResefV8d. Unit 7: Lesson 3: Extract from 'How honest 8fe you?'. Orban pp 40. Getty News and Sport! Mark Mainz p141 . Get1y News and SpoIV S teve Poweg p 8Obr. The authors and the publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs . Getty News and Sport! Alfred Eisenstaedt pOO . Mayerl Pierre August Renoir 1841. 58 (header).4 . 73. 147 (young woman). Corbisl Craig Tt. S. 94a. Getty News and Sport! Keystone p90. ISBN-13 : 978-97(). Alamyllogram Publishing.2. USAIW_ Chappell North America. 142a. 96It. 112b.7g. 2006 First put>lished 2006 All rights reserved : no part of this pubHcation may be reproduced ./llez . 129. All RighI!! Resel'Ve(t Intemational Copyright Secured.mJ( _ .03.

in English! . Communicate with Attitude With so lid learni ng foundations. Attitude engages students in a learni ng experience that is both meaningful and re levant to their current reality_ Develop w ith Attitude Attitude introduces a unique focus on the development of study and writing skills. empowering students to become effective learners through awareness-raising activities. reflect who t hey are. students will have the confidence to express t hemse lves. and approach learning with attitude! Attitude lets you be who you really are . learning tips.Attit[!]de Build Positive Attitude Ensu ring that students have a positive attitude to learning is the key to thei r success. and fol low-up tasks. and reflective activities. challenges. Through a series of high -interest topics.

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