Mike Sayer

Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside luke Prodromou

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~CMILLAN

leacher"s Edition'
Mike Sayer
Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside Luke Prodromou




Welcome to Attitude! Introduction Student's Book Contents Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Review 1 Unit4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Review 2 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Review 3 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Review 4 Songsheets Communication activities Workbook answer key Workbook audioscript

viii 6 16 26 36 38 48 58 68 70 80 90

100 102 112 122 132 134 146 T262 T266



Welcome to Attitude!
Dear Teacher.
Welcome to Attitude, the course that will help you transform your students from learners to successful users of English. The course follows our USER approach. where students ...


m E) m

Understand language use in context.

Strengthen communicative skills.

Explore the structures and use of the English language. Recycle and retain previously learned language.


Understand language use in context Students must encounter language in context to see how it is used. Every lesson in Attitude begins with exposure to the language in situations which allow the user to make a personal connection with the topic. In order to take a more active role, users are often invited to comment on or discuss an aspect of the theme before any formal explanations are introduced. Strengthen communicative skills Most students evaluate their language ability by how well they can speak. Speaking starts early in Attitude and is often integrated with the other skills to encourage communication. All skills in Attitude are practiced interactively: both the listening and the reading tasks encourage student s to actively construct meaning and respond appropriately. Writing is often a forgotten skill. but in Attitude it forms an integral part of each lesson, and is given a special place in Develop your writing sections which present and practice varying aspects of the writ ing process. In the fourth lesson of each unit, students have an additional opportunity to use newly learned language in the contelct of a real life task carried out with a group of classmates. Not only do students use English to negotiate the task with their fellow students. they also further extend their command of the language by comparing their process to that of a group of native speakers they hear performing the same task. Explore the structures and use of the English language In Attitude, grammar is presented and practiced in a straightforward yet meaningful way. Students are often presented with an inductive task in which they have to figure out how the structure works in English, discovering both use and form . They then have opportunities to practice that structure and the chance to connect the language with their own world. feelings and memories. The Develop your learning section introduces further learner training techniques to help students become better learners.

previously learned language D Recycle and isretain important in language learning, but quality repetition is vital. Attitude has three built-in, Repetition very unique ways of recycling the language within and between units to ensure recall: _lesson four in every unit has been written to reintroduce and re-contelctualize the language in the previous unit, taking into account the language accumulated up to that point in the book. The aim is to reinforce understanding of the language and how it is used, through real-world tasks. _ Language is also reintroduced by the Language Resource sections found at the end of each unit. These are more than just summaries of grammar and vocabulary, they promote an active, awareness-raising process of review. - The Review units are a user-friendly way of revising. They have a test-like quality but are also varied and fun to do.
As each lesson in Attitude progresses, the language needs of the learner evolve. They need more challenging contexts in which to stretch their English to the limits. So Attitude builds on the topiCS and activities of the lesson's initial stages, focusing increasingly on freer tasks where students have the opportunity to explore the language as it relates to their own experience.

Attitude gives students a unique opportunity to find their own voice and to be who they really a re - in English'

The Authors


We'd love to hear how Attitude is working for you. Please send a ny comments or experiences you'd like to share with us to attitude@macmi1lan .com.

What's in Attitude?
A ttitude for students
The six levels of Attitude take learners from starter

to advanced. Each Student's Book contains twelve
units, each of which focuses on different aspects of an overall theme over four lessons. Students are

presented with content that is interesting and thought provoking, and from which language ski ll
development exercises naturally flow. Key support

for reading texts and other activities is provided

through Glossaries and Notes. There are

A lesson from the Studenfs Book

comprehensive language Reviews and sections
developing writing and self-study skills.




Attitude Workbooks consolidate and practice the language presented in the Student's Books. The same activities are available in a choice of print format (with audio CD), or on an interactive CD-ROM. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, reading and listening activities relate to the topics in the Student's Book. language Practice activities consolidate the language learned in a particular unit. The Grammar Summary is a useful resource fo r when a Student's Book is not to hand.

Watch w ith Attitude
Attitude DVDs offer high-interest video clips, linked in theme and content to the Student's Book. The DVD itself contains pronunciation, speaking, and everyday English activities. In addition, DVD Activity Books offer a variety of activities to guide students through the DVD. Teaching with Attitude DVDs is easy - just press play on your remote control and let students practice and learn; it's rewarding - students understand real language and culture seen in contexts that immed iately come to life; and it's fun students get to watch lV to learn!


'" a Worksheet from the DVD Activity Book.

Attitude for teachers
Teachers working with Attitude can make use of the follo wing resources:

Attitude Teacher's Edition
An interleaved format combines the Student's Book content with all of the elements needed to make teaching with Attitude a success.

Attitude Class Audio CDs
Two CDs per level contain all the listening material associated with the Student's Book lessons. They include cover versions of the commercially available songs referred to in the text.

Attitude Resource Books
Over thirty activities from a variety of authors provide options for supplementing the Student's Book and Workbook, particularly in the areas of speaking and writing . Each activity is based on a photocopiable worksheet, and is accompanied by comprehensive instructions for its implementation.

Attitude Test CD ROM
The test CD ROM contains a wealth of testing resources to help you place students within the program and then monitor and grade their progress. Tests come in both ready to print and editable formats.

Welcome t o

..---.......--"' -__-.._--_ --""- ........~ .-_-.._ _---_ ----_ ------_ _.._ ........-' __ _-_..1:10 !-' 0 .................. ....'" .._---....__..........:'.._.......-...._---"-"-.. -' --_ '---'''-'-_ ._..... to facilitate both planning and carrying out the lesson..... tllI' . ......._--_ . ...... Introduction . ..~-~ p...... _..... --. ..._.."'-' ... • Add value to your classes with alternative presentations and additional activities. . .::-. ._-._-. . . ... .......___ ...... -----.... ..-~-~--~- --.. l er. ..... ~'-..-_""" '_""'00..... --... 1 .-_.. due to lack of space an audioscript may be located on an adjacent page. The Student's Book page This is reproduced full size and in color Objectives The objectives for each lesson are cont ained in a chart at top of the page........ ..... • r.-. ......._...-~ C!J't. ""... .. . _.._-. . _")0-...."......_-~- . In these cases you will find a note indicating where to refer to.. . _ 'bill'..®. ' _. . .-.. Occasionally............ . ....---.·.__ _.... '-.- ...~. ._.-_. _. ......... .---_-....---.-::<i. --_.-__ ....... .._.. --__---__--_.._ .. ......__.... ... -.. ..........-.... .. --__-_ " ...-_.. Gt_ _ .. ."' _..--~-­ -~ -- :~.._--._--...'----..._.-..-. .....-.. _ . _ . __-..__--_..--_ ... ""-():)O_ " " " ~":!.. -.. '.. .---_.. .... - .. _ .-. _ ....-'_... 1 . .. _. Plan how you will introduce and monitor the exercises... . ."". ... --~ .... ...<1 .... --»-_...--_ .......'- . "'. -~.... .. . _..--_ _ _ _--_ .. - po.. .... ... --. . .. ... .. . . _.... ..... . ......._. 4 ... . _ _ _ _ _ . -"'.... .... -. .......... _ ...__ " _ . .. _ .. .. ...-" dod"".........._ ..--....1oo> oM t '" "'- It ' '''_ .... __ . ~<.".. . ..-.- .. Audioscripts Wherever possible. ...... making them easy to find....- ~ @.......... ........... ........ ........._... """ .....__ _......bo olH! -..--........ .. Check the aud ioscript for a listening activity. "'-_........ .... ... ~ @ n__ oI VOII_ ..... ~ .._ . .... ~........... ' ............. 01 ""' __ .._..... ... __ '''---.. _ ..... _ ..-. t . ....._-....... .. .... _ . .. _---_ _----__---_. -_ ..... ...-..... the audioscripts are printed at the bottom of the page where they are to be used.. __ .- ._-_ . .. . ---~.-_ ----.._ ... .. -. -' . "'--.-..-...--.. Overprinted Answers Answers for many of the exercises appear overprinted on the Student's Book page. . ~.. _ ....---...:. --....-..... oMl..._ _ '''---'-'' ... ........ .. _ .n ---_..... . Spooll.Introduction The Attitude Teacher's Edition can help you to • • • Check the answers to an activity._. ........ .. .....

Presentati on alternative: frequently. Pronunciation not e : background to the pronunciation point and ideas for further practice exercises to help students in this area. . Quick grammar guide: background regarding the grammar point and a list of typical student errors to watch out for. Additional activity: activities that extend the exercises in the Student's Book are provided for you to use if time allows. etc. etc.Icons Explained Additional Notes Within shade boxes you will find a variety of information that will be invaluable when you have time available to plan your classes in depth. Attitude uses the following terminology to refer to verbs: infinit ive . and provide information that is immediately relevant to the classroom situation.to eat. etc.. Introduction . Icons Icons in the margin give information on suggested classroom organization and on the comparative timings of the exercises.is/are eating.. The Teacher's Edition includes icons that suggest classroom organization and how much time to allot to each exercise. Often these activities invite students to contribute their own ideas. to sleep. The icons you will find are as follows: Classroom organization Students work individually Students work in pairs Students work in small groups of between three and five students Students work together as a whole class t t ~. Topics covered include the following: Introduce the topic: ideas are provided for you to vary the way you introduce each lesson. Often these activities can be carried out without having students refer to their Student's Books. infinitive with to .ate. sleep/sleeps. etc.II •• • Timing The timing icon provides three pieces of information at a glance. If while planning your lesson you decide to do things differently. sleep.---' This section shows how much time ___---' remains in the lesson. See Icons Explained for more details Note: The icons are intended as a guide to help you. simple past . The notes for an exercise are easy to find thanks to the color coded reference. This section shows how much time to dedicate to the exercise.eat. etc.eat/eats. A lifeline when preparation time is limited! Workbook Answers and Audioscripts At the end of the Teacher's Edition you can find the answers for the Workbook exercises and the audioscripts for the listening passages in the Workbook. Often your own classroom situation will determine which is the most effective way to approach an activity. we have provided plenty of space in the margin for you to make your own notes. alternatives are provided for you to vary the presentation of the exercises in the Student's Book. slept. is/are sleeping. simple present . Procedural Notes Real classroom research underpins the choice of what to include in the procedural notes for a given activity. present progressive . This section shows how much time will have been used up at the start of the exercise.

~ .:..!:...44 Rec..!~~ ~:::~M ~' ulary . ~G = m ::.!::::::~..coon LiteratlK9 Cootmo""'" context lesson 3 Fad 10 fonlosy 62 Review: the passive Avoiding repetition -:..-_.. 64 Rec)de: past J)€rlect sfTl)e c:nd p-oges:sfIIe.. Lesson 4 Urban myths ~I ' U"' ~·~~~~~ esotnC .~Voc ~b~ summary .:. used with present perfect Vocabulary summary Unit 4 Longuoge Resource lesson 1 Inventions 48 Third conditIOnal Everyday oqocts Descrorg lox! 50 i' 52 ""'" Stn= 00 """"""" "'" """'" Unit 5 Language Resource Lesson 1 Foc1 or fdian? 56 58 Grammar summary.de: presslI perlecl. Vocabulary summary ~ Oe<>.. tIYd conciticnaI .:..

DesIgrrog and presenUlg a ......... - '-- Coo1pM"lg a wntten and spokeJl text ~ A_ -"'" """"" a quiz A """""'" A"""""...Skills Development Reading Amagazine artide An informal e-mail ~ Writing Ustening Speaking Develop your learning/Writing A"... Develop your leaming AIoct"" A tou"gUde -""'Exctmgng rnormaticrl obout """" Mnd".'''".. MakI'lQ' associations with ""'" "'*'- ~ and COIlIf'aStng Usng a dctionary AITWi autobiography Interviews A conversation Writing questions fa( A quiz ---"" rnormatlOO Discussing personal regrets Discu:ssng use of ceIphones '-- Short biography extracts - '- InslructOOs i Infonnal e-mails An int€.....'fVie'w An Internet artiCle A discussion '- AIoct"" A"""" _...

0. WId reialrvs clauses Unit 9 Language Resource ""'" "'""" 98 Grammar summary. Vocabulary sunmary Lesson 1 ~O 102 104 AEMew and extension: The world around us Lesson 3 GM 106 lood Unit 12 Language Resou rce 130 Grammar summary. lag . Vocabulary summary Songsheets Corrv'nurlcatkln acllvrties [). Vocabulary summary Ncul clauses (1) (uSi:lg wtJ-question words) lesson 1 The great picture Trnck <Yld field .hkefs expressng contrast ~ deso Oil IQ persalaity Intonation of feE*'lg 74 76 The --#Ig verb Recyde: ded....how Unit 8 language Resource lesson 1 Beauty Of health? .lace Pronunciation Body language UtSSOfl 2 Body lolk lesson 3 Dishonesty lesson 4 Interview Visuol. 86 92 94 Recycle: linkers expressing contrast and -Ing verbs Grammar Vocabulary summary Non-de!ifvng relatrve clauses Your mage and healtl1 l esson 2 1. the pa$SIYe vocal. 72 L.ctol and possbity n \he past.Language Development Vocabulary ..ctiooary work 134 146 152 158 . verbal Unit 7 language Resource 78 80 Grammar summary.".

Skills Development Reading A psycfloIogy article ~ Writing A detailed description Ustening Speaking Describing people's faces Develop your learning/writing of.d. Working IoVilh An __ Develop your learning exam leallet An informal talk A{jreeing and disagreeing """"'""" >Nith statements Discussing further educatioo i A quiz website ad Anewspaper article The writing part of an . O.atyzing learning styles A magazif)El article A FAO page Extracts from a science book A FADs 011 a website A college seminar '- ATV A radiO interview of cordl.~~~~---A radio presenter's notes A presentation Develop your writing A short report Discussing beauty and how it is maintained artiCle Anewspaper artiele A radio discussion 1 "'" ''''' of inproving All informal discussion Ar.--~~--~-----.~~~~--~~----~------~~~~--~---./s and interviewe!s ' notes Discussing a moral dilemma A role play An interview panel ~ Assessing candIdates Making a presentation AAI M I Using a monolingual dictionary Extracts from a sports according to Ranking photographs criteria from a martial arts A radiO phone-in M informaJ convetSation A role play --. face Inlervie'l-v with an expert Making inferences about _oct~ - A questionnaire A short stOl'j Job ads.

his admiration for the Welsh poet. ... He didn't want his father to know he was writing poetry. ..." he explained. To avoid this situation they sometimes gave themselves men's names.. However. some people do take this course of action- wrote under 75 different names. So in the film world. Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as easy to remember as just plain "Madonna" . . Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Bob Dylan because 0".. I always write in a different way. Of course.Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton Artists sometimes choose the name of someone they admire. and she did get her books publ ished! GLOSSARY pseudonym an invented name that an arti~t uses publicly instead of their real name particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it's for purely personal reasons... Or maybe the artist's real name doesn't '-. Bob. In most cases. Would you advise them to keep their names or change them? Why? I Why not? William Bradley Louise Ciccone Ram6n Estevez Mary Ann Evans Neftali Reyes Robert Zimmerman Brad Pitt Madonna Martin Sheen George Eliot Pablo Neruda Bob Dylan ... Find the names that these peop le use. Sometimes names are changed for marketing purposes. is common in my country. but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood. The person's real name is just too long and difficult to remember.... sounds nice. who Unit 1 You and me . Another reason may be practicality: in the past. has a meaning. Ram6n Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen . My last name . . e. is fashionable. a Imagine you are an agent for unknown actors and singers. . so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man . My first name .. Let's be honest. Dylan '"-" Thomas. or cultural reasons. is traditional. such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile. it may be changed '-. b Read the article below.... exch ange information about your names. 2 Reading skill s .. Liz. . . Neftalf Reyes. .sound very attractive . women found it very difficult to get published. take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa. Look at some names of your new clients.. most people never By Alex McCarthy change their names even if they feel unhappy about them.. if a name sounds too "foreign". Here are some of the most common . political.g. historical. At other times the reason may appear eccentric... so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot. is easy to pronounce.1 Speaking skill s a Pu t a chock nexl to the wo rds that describe your firs t name or your last name. has a diminutive. For example. is easy to spell.to something that is more recognizable in a market. The reason? "When I use a different name. the reason is for social. however. . . And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele.. . b In groups. Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth.

Beth. and then get brief feedback from the class. Model what you want the students to say. You ond me T6 Unit 1 . They could either take turns to summarize information. Read aloud the task in Exercise 2b. Allow a few minutes. [s your first name fashionable? No. Then put students in groups of three or four to do Exercise tb. liz. Tell students that these are the real names of well-known stars. My name is quite common but not very fashionable. Ask whether anybody knows by what name any of these people are better known. or they could ask and answer questions. Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to check the words that describe their names in Exercise la. Set a time limit for the reading (four minutes) to make sure that students read quickly. simple past Speaking exchanging information about names Write your nome on the board and tel! students something about it This provides a good model to help students do Exercise lb_ For example. not really. Elizabeth hos many diminutives. My first nome's a traditional nome and pretty common but not vef}' popular. not worrying about words they don't know. 2 Reading skills Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a in pairs. It's difficult to spell and pronounce. Lizzie. I really like my name.Objectives Grammar Topic: names Pronunciation sentence stress Reading a magazine article simple present. My name is Elizabeth Mon tgomery. Encourage students to focus on finding the names.

break it down inlo simpler stages. After students have listened to and noticed the stressed words in the sentences in Exercise 4a . review. Tell students to try saying the sentences to each other in an exaggerated "English" way to help them work out which words might be stressed. and it is an area in which it is easy to make errors in form. Ask students in their groups to decide what they think would be the perfect pseudonym for peaple who wont 1 do the following iobs. Students may forget to use do/n'll/doesln'l} and did!n'l! when forming questions and negatives. I R6 like il. Then ask them to decide which verbs ore in the simple present and . This moy be a new area for students to grasp. simple past Common prob4ems ond errors Students often forgelthe third person form. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. Speakers of some languages tend not to give the strong syllables enough emphasis and give too much stress to weak syllables. are not stressed.. Quick grammar guide: The use and form of the simple present and simple post are. Ask them to work individually and then compare their answers with a partner. Ask students to work in pairs to mark the stresses in the conversation in Exercise 4c . She ~ have. If you feel thai siudenls may find this matching losk difficult. of course. I mode that sound when I played with my corso A Do you like the nome? Unit] T7 You ond me . Stressed syllables are given much greater weight than weak syllables. to underline all/he verbs in sentences 1to 6. 14IR}' 1R~' fJ. Ask students to complete Exercise 3b individually. auxiliary verbs. and connecting words. Addrtional activity Ask students 10 listen and check their answers. ask students to match the sentences with the definitions. You could osk them 10 think of a nome in English or their own language. Then have thorn check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class..Ask slurlents to do Exercise le. She like . II is important to get students to exaggerate the stress when practicing pronunciation. F ask students irst. 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress Quickpronunciation guide English is a stress-timed language.. Words that don't carry the main meaning of the sentence. Some students may still be translating word for word from their own language.-hich verbs are in the simple post...l'e you Ihal nickname? English uses auxiliary verbs for emphasis. . Play the audio for Exercise 4d a second time so that students can listen and repeat. She does likes . 5 Speaking skills Ask students 10 discuss the topics in small groups and tllCn report their findings 10 the class. ask them if they can tell you the answer to the questions in Exercise 4b .. like articles.. 0 Q pop slor Q movies/or a politician a foolball player Q leacher \'-----~ \~'-------~ Do you like the name? What does your fomily call you? A So what does your fomily call you? B They call me "Buzz: A "Buzz?" Why do they call you -Buzz"? B Because when I was a kid. t ·· a Presentation alternative Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d . However. simple present. An swers: Verbs and nouns are stressed.. Final~. Go around the class and help stu dents. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past Have students match the sentences with the definitions in Exercise 3a. Do this in groups or as a whole class.•. students at this level regularly make errors with certain forms that they need to be reminded of.

b Tell the class about anything interesting you discovered. (There may be more than a Listen. verbs. c (j I feel unhappy about my name. but my family calls me "Buzz". " . {fI.. you like (like) the name? B Hmm. A "Bt!zz"? Why do they c: ll you "B ~zz"? B Becat se when I was a k!d I made that sound when I played with my c: rs.. A "Buzz"? Why 2 did they ~ (give) you that nickname? 8 Well.. 1 Artists often change their name. So they called me "Buzz". A So what do your frien ds and family call you? B My friends here at college always 1 ~ (call) me Richard. 5 Speaking skills a In groups. but I wouldn't want my friends to call me "Buzz"! . r 3 The Earth moves around the sun once every 365 days. what? 2 Which names in the article do you like the most? Why? 3 Would you ever change your name? Why? I Why not? o What does your fami ly call you? b Which kind of words are stressed.aYU'~ nee. A Weird! And when did they give you your nickname? B When I 5 w as (be) about four. I changed it to make it sound more •• "A . Bob Dylan d DisCllss these questio ns. I 7 like (like) it.g.. d a b c d c a single action that is now finished a regular. repeated action a fact that is always true a present feeling or desire a continuous situation or a repeated action that is now finish ed f a present fact that the speaker wants to emphasize b Complete the conversation with the simple present or simple past. I made the change because of my father. (say) Brooomm. articles? Why? c Mark the stressed words in this conversation.. Brad Pitt. talk about the following: 1 your first name and how you got it.!l!!.c Who said these things? Read the article again and 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress write the pseudonyms... A And 6 --. Pablo Neruda 5 I always admired him so that's why I adopted his name. Notice how some words in the sentence one possible name. 2 It's much easier for people to remember.". George Eliot 4 Basically. a 5 In the past..) are stressed more than others. 1 Oid anything in the article surprise you? If so. you think? Ma donna. don'. but when I was a child I always 4 said (say) Buzz. __ L _ 51 . 1 Well. A Do you lit e the n: me? • • • • d Listen and check your answers. e. Pele •• 3 The change means I can get my work published. women found it very difficult to get published.~ Do you like the name? \1' mencan . b 2 Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton. A So what does your family call you? B They call me " Buzz".BY. c 4 He changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man.. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past a Match the sentences with the correct definition.. Then repeat. nouns. 2 your nickname and how you got it. when children play with cars they nonnally 3 .

. No !I'oy! flll/lJore light... I'm kind of relaxed because I think !Jfe is too short to worry. baseball and Jane feels 6 Rob watches a lot okay about it I rritated by I . "--' you tend to be serious. \Vel/. 1 Rob is reading 1< a ... relaxed t/ Neutral Negative active proud serious boring cold ttl' conservative irritating lonely USEFUL lANGUAGE Are you a shy person? generous V" independent romantic shy b Use the adjectives to describe yourself or someone you know. 1 Vocabulary : adjecti ves describing perso na lity a Do you think the adjectives in the box have a positive. 5 The analysis of Jane's handwriting suggests her personality is €§>! difficult...¥I9' C}v~ or is it (in one sentence)? Listen to a couple talking.Ch" "g r'" C' .1: in "' .. e Choose the best answer.hearted. active attractive boring cold conservative cooperative friendly generous independent 3 Speaking skills a Complete the table on the opposite page for yourself by checking the "Me" column. Are the descriptions correct for you and your partner? d In your opinion. b Look at your partner's handwriting sample from Exercise 2a. c. Put a check by the adjectives in Exercise 1a that describe Jane. for leiters such as a... <lliE!Jj) 3 Rob treats Jane's comments seriously 1 4 Rob wants to ~I talk to fan e. She can talk for hours and that drives me crazy! c Which adjectives would you most like to be and which would you most hate to be? I'd love to be organized... My cousin Mary is very irritating. or negative meaning? Write them in the correct column.. b Now compare your handwriting with other students. Is yours large. 2 Jane finds graphology nterestm boring. yes. discuss the results. 1 The average handwriting is 3mm in height.. c In pairs. neutral. but I'm not! I waste a lot of time.... According 10 the /{Jble .· Lesson 2 Signatures 2 Listening skill s a Write one of your answers from Exercise 1c onto a piece of paper and add your signatlUe. n . I'd hate to be shy because it makes communication very difficult. btll . 5mall or average ? 2 Does your handwriting the left? slope to the right or 3 Are your letters ~ or 4 Do your leiters have separate ? ? b !t)(yJ~'~ 5 Does your hJ"1'\! always the sa me Lt"' <. Complete the "Partner" column. . is there any truth in graphology? irritating lonely organized proud realistic relaxed romantic serious shy Positive attractive V organized cooperative V realistic friendly . Unill You and me . How do yo u think they are feeling? Listen again. generally speaking.

trs finishing now. . look ot this. Put stude nts in pairs to share their ideas. Rob Yes.ho is unin teres ted in what Jane is say ing. and . Ask students Do you think v. want to talk! Rob I only watch baseball on<e 0 week.. Rob Okay. attractive. Jane No. Ask them to write at least two sentences.. You know. hondwrifing and personolity. er . ask: Checking meaning Whot is the OPPOSite of boring? Which word is the opposite of outgoing and sociable? (shyl Which word means that you feel alone and friendless? (Ionelyl My class got the best grodes in the exom. but encourage them to think of more. right. Most of these words ore cognates. lonely. Thol means yau're a great person. They will need to pass their handwriting sample to other students in the class.mich means rm relaxed and cooperotive. Use questions in English to check students' understanding of these words. What else? Jane Well. Then as k a few s tudents to te ll the class what their partner told thom. Rob Oh.. Rob rm watching the game! Jone rm just doing this quiz obout graphology. 3'--------------------------------------------------------. Go a rou nd the class . kind of like this. Really interesting.YI"iling slopes to the right. actually il means I'm friendly and attractive. ask. honey. and then as k a few s tudents to lellthe class whal Ihey wro te. Rob Well.. Ask s tu den ts to do Exercise 2e individually and then check with a partner. Thon give students the correct answers by read ing tho words aloud clearly.. Ask students to mark \ho strong stress in cach word. I know... shy. Use (] photocopier 10 enlarge the signature. Play the audio again if s tuden ts are not sure abou t some of tho answers. oren" '/OO? But I want 'A watch this game. Too serious. \1' 3 Speaking ski lls Have st udents do Exercises 3a and3b individually. For example. Ask students to work in pa irs to share ideas for ExeN:ise le . Put students in pairs or small grou ps to compare their handwriting and disc uss tho ques tions in Exercise 2b. showing the prolluncialion and stress. oncourage students to make guesses beforo using a diclionary to chock answers they are not sure of. know to write their signature 00 (] piece 01 paper.' Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing personality Reading on informal e·moil present progressive Ustening a conversotion Speaking analyzing and discussing hondwriting Before the lesson.'-. How do I feel? (proudl Give s tudents a few minutes to think of things to say for the task in Exercise lb. So whot does thot mean? Jane Hey. June is feeling annoyed and upse! Uocauso Rob isn't lis ten ing to he r. and tope it 10 the board to start the doss. draw attention to the Usefu l Language box. modest? Jane And my hondwriting is connected. Play the aud io for Exercise 2c . Rob Well. proud. Ans we rs: Rob is feeling mUlO yed becaus e he wants to wat ch the game . Rob Gropho·whot? Jane Graphology. Rob Friendly. Words thot may need checking ore: boring. you're doing very well. don't exaggerate! I only watch ~ once a week. Jane You're always watching it! Rob Oh. so students should be able to guess their meaning. somebody students don'. ask s tudonts to write the sentence and their signature on Il separate picce of paper. look. Before doing Exercise 3e. Jane You're olways watching baseball when I right? Jane Rob! Well. I knew thol anyway. The n ask students to do Exercise 2d . my \. 2 Listening skills For ExeN:ise 2a . and then ask students to answer the gist question. Jane If means rm serious ond generous. not in their notebooks.. Jane And you know I've got kind of large hondwriling .'e can Iell a 101 about a person from a signature? IMlaI sex is this person? What can you say about hislhet personality? InfTOducethetopic 1 Vocabulary: adjec li ves describing personality For Exercise la . Play tho audio again. you dor'lll You watch baseball f?'Iery cloy' Rob Jane! You and me T8 Unitl . Rob.lIId help studenls with ideas.

2 3 4 They are friends. make sure they understand that a pain is a very annoying persoll. Here. ti 5 Reading skills Set the scene for Exe rcise 5a by asking students to look at the e·mail and by asking a few simple questions: Who is writing? Who is she writing to? What subject is she writing about? Ask students to check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. Ask students if they can think of any other stative verbs (for example. Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 4b in pairs. I am Argentinian (always!. Answers: 1 • Answers: 1 Here. I have blue eyes lalways!. hole. we use present progressive to describe something happening now.4 Grammar rev iew and extension : present progressive Ask students to do Exercise 4a individually. and verbs of possession Ihave. After checking the answers. believe. Students have a problem recognizing and remembering when a verb is active or stative. 4 An irritat ing habit 5 617 A regular. verbs of emotion llike. repeated action A futuro arrangement 2 3 Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 5b in pairs. hear. have is a stative verb. it is a temporary situation. Basically. Before students do Exercise 5c. She feels tired because she's working so hard. go through the rules in the Language Note. I like French fries (always). Hold a feedback session with the whole class for Exercise 5d . Then check the answers in pairs before going through them with the whole class. stative verbs tend to express permanency. won~. She feels irritated with Jenny because she is "a pain . wish). ask them why they chose each tense. Verbs of the mind (think" know. Know is a stalive verb. so." She's seeing Dave Jenkins next Saturday. ore useful groupings of slalive verbs. She is 100 busy to write at other times. progressive Common problems and etTOrs Students translate directly from their first language and use the simple present to refer to the future. love. believe!. belong. Unit 1 T9 You and me . I ¥isiI my friends next Solurday. Quick grammar guide: present The use of the present progressive in English to refer 10 future arrangements may confuse students. own. Hero. As students report their answers to the class.

He's always interrupting the teacher. a fast food place. d Share your stories with the cJflSS. I think 4 you're knowing you know her. 1 I can 'I go for a walk right now because a This describes a situation thai is developing or I'm studying for an exam. . life isn't all bad.. Answer the questions. creative realistic. I'm liking Ihis wine. likes money M. ::=wa y.). Correct the wrong ones. I belong to a tennis club . Put a check next to the correct sentences. 2 Are you knowing that strange man across the street? X Do you know 3 I see what you mean./ X Mmm. the same irregular. a good friend relaxed. Choose the correct tense. d This describes an irritating habit thai someone has. " ( writ!"!? '- 4 Grammar review and extension: present progressive a Match these examples of the present progressive with their meanings. I work like a slave ! There's this girl I work with. generous modes!. V' 4 I'm having two brothers and a sister. It's only or a ew weeks but it's horrible. 2 The rate of inflation is rising quickly now. proud. I'm belonging to a tennis club. . LANGUAGE NOTE Stative verbs are not normally used in the progressive form because the speaker is describing "states" and not "actions".Characteristic 1 2 Example Meaning serious. e This describes an action happening now. Jane You and me Unit] ./ ". X I have 5 She's very rich ! She owns three houses and two apartments! V' 6 I'm being tired and am wanting to go on vacation. 1 What is the relationsh ip between Maureen and Jane? 2 Why is Jane writing so late al night? 3 How does Jane feel? Why? 4 What is Jane's good news'? Hi Maureen.. There's a guy in my closs wha thinks he knows everything. a do the (l:!!!. disciplined independent cooperative. b This describes a temporary situation or activity. changes large 3 4 "'"" ~ upright ~ 5 6 7 re9ular ir re filar 8 •• big loops ~ . Jenny Carpenter? She' now t. irritable romantic. delicious. S I'm seeing my parenls n ext weekend . X I'm tired.~h~J. but in fact he's always complainin e s suppose I make rench he never doe / she's never doing anything . Partner large handwriting small handwriting slopes to the right slopes to the left upright connected regular. she always complains I'm making the bur fries. b Read the e-mail again. creative. changing. apartment. X 5 Reading skills a Read jane's e-mail to Maureen. seein])him next Saturday night ! Write soon. I like this wine. 10 small loops ( / rI~.t's1>he only time I have to do an so busy! I have V I'm having a new job 'm workin I work at Faa 0 Go.i'im:~~ e c Tell your partner about someone you know who is "a pain". delicious. 3 You're always watching baseball! --_~/'\/ c This describes a definite arrangement that will 4 I'm staying with a friend until I find happen in the future. friendly shy. Remem ber Dave Jen kins? 8 I see / Love. It's midn ight and I'm tired but 1 I write I'm writing a you 'nee I'm now beca~. active. conservative warm. I want 1 Mmm . b There are some mistakes in the senlences below. liberal. relaxed strong.

I agree that blue is cold . e- Unit 1 You and me . hazel. fri endly) 3 yellow (qujet. In British English. fun) 7 black (unhappy. gray. light.brown. U you want coffoo with . ~ please. rose... yellow b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 14. black. white. especially adjectives.eo- - 1 Vocabulary: colors a What color terms do you associate with tho items in the box? Make combinations with these words. white. you caP _ ea- 2 Speaking skills a We often associate words. say white coffee. Do you agree or disagree with the descriptions of the colors below? Give reasons. say Coffee. say Black coffee. Why? I think that blue is a calm calor. blond. dull) 5 red (loving. with colors. aggressive) 6 gray (respectable. 1 blue (radical. yellow LANGUAGE NOTE - eggs wine coffee meat bread eyes hair people (skin color) eggs .:. please (or Coffee with cream). brown. groon. It's a good color fo r bedrooms.:mill. death-like) b Think of other adjectives that you associate with these colors. dark. negative) 8 white (pure. blue.blue eyes can be cold. If you wanl coffee witho~ milk. cold) 2 brown (warm. bappy) 4 green (polluting. red.

we associate this calor with powerful emotions like anger.----. Why? Well. Okay.. I will look at how color is interpreted In different ways by different cultures. Now for the second color.-. as I said before. Brie ny elicit answers from the class. II is no accident that "The God of War"" is named Mars.. we feel there is no light. In most cultures. In most Western cultures. we all shore the some associations. the association . Irs no accident that many fast food restaurants are often painted in Ihis color. Okay.Objectives Vocabulary colors and color collocations Topic: colors Writing a paragraph Ustening a lecture Speaking making associations with colors Ask a few personalized questions 1 sellhe topic for the lesson: Whars your favorite color? Why? Are there 0 Introduce the topic any colors you don't/ike? What colors do you generally wear? What color is your bedroom? 1 Vocabulary: colors Direct students' attention to lho Language Note before asking them to do Exercise 1 a in pairs. and irs no surpl"ise that at a funeral most people wear this color. For Exercise 3 on page 11 :::. Bul before t begin.. •• Mako sure students find the corroct section of the Vocabulary Summary on page 14 for Exercise lb.. tel's begin with color number one. Colors affect our lives and our feelings in many wafS. Can you guess the two colors I wos talking about? You and me T 10 Unill . and it gives us energy. Irs also the color 01 wor. only darkness. and that we often refer to the planet Mars with this color. "'--- . this is probably the strongest color of all . no! all cultures see colors in the some way. slightly green color. Noto: hazel is a light brown. I'm going 1 talk oboul two different colors. very different In the second port of this lecture. 2 Speaking skills Discuss the first color (blue) as a class to get students started.-- - . we use it to talk about unhappy feelings and unhappy situations. We also associate the color with high temperatures! It's also the color of love and revolution.the king of colors! We associate it with strong emotians such as anger and passion. this color rePfesents alilhot is dork and negotive in our world. Irs the color 01 fire and it gives heal. this color means sadness. Now. we'liloak at the role of colors in our life. And within one culture. such as dealh and wor? So. can be very. Welcome to the first lecture on ·CoIors and Culture: We're going to explore the ossocia1ions thot colors have in our culture today. In such situations. In our cuUure. whal do I mean when I soy that color is not an international concept? The color red is the some for a person from Thailand and a person from Venezuela. I wont 10 ploy a lillie game with you. In the first part of this lalk. Now bock to my lillie experiment. irs the color of evil. lers start. Then ask stu dents to work in pairs to do the tasks in Exercises 28 and 2b . butI'm not 0 going to menlioo the names ollhe colors! See if you can guesS !he IWo colors I'm lalking about. As on experiment. the idea is tha t you eat fa st and go.. Bul as you will see taler in this talk. you see.. t just wont to say that color is not on internolioool concept. It's the color of death. And what do you calithatlype of humor that laughs at terrible things in life. But what Ihat color means .

-.'--. of lhe blue Mediterranean $eo and the bright blue skies. blue is associated with peace and tranquility. white represents deoth. in some cultures. But be<.. Students cou ld compare their notes with lhose of a partner before doing Exercise 4c. but when you go to Japan you realize Ihat white hos completely different associations . So in most cultures in the U. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups.which originated from the sadness of the slaves in the southern Stotes. You cou ld guess from the colors' associations. Encourage them to practice using English to talk about their own culture. it is associated with rebirth.think. Okay. In the States. . and they ore stunningly beautiful. Start rhe next lesson by handing OUIthe texts at random and asking students to read and guess rhe writer. for example. so.. let me give you on example -the color white.. lers turn to the ideo that different cultures interpret colors in different ways. check students understand thai fiery refors to colors associated with fire and that JlOvy blue is a dark blue color traditionally used in sailors' uniforms.S" you'll see peaple dressed in block at funerals.. For Exercise 4d distribute the paragraphs randomly so that each student has a piece of writing that be longs to another student .like. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. While is now also becoming common 01 weddings. and we even hove a type of music coiled "the blues" . \'. Answers: The speaker talks about red and black. but in contrast in Japan you con see people wearing white. go around the class. irs a happy color.ouse life and death are connected.. a lot of the hooses are pointed in while and blue. -oltemattve The oudioscript for Track 4 is on page no II. Allow students to hear the audio only once to answer the gist question in Exercise 3b. The texts can then be returned to their writers. As students take notes in Exercise 4b. On lhe Greek. helping students with ideas and vocabulary. You con understand this . but this is nattradilional. white also has associations with being born again . collect them and correct them.. 3 Listening skills Encourage lots of speculation in Exercise 3a as students try to predict the content of the lecture from the litle.. For Exercise l e. Once you have discussed the answers with the class... Lers toke another example: blue in the United States is associated with sadness . let them listen again. you may need to play the audio twice before students get all the answers.tIite usually means something pure and cleon. A 'white wedding' is on interesting example of how one culture will be inftuenced by another culture and "barrow" or adopt a new custom. for the Japanese. islonds.-----. o T 4 Writing skills Before doing Exercise 4a . After students hove wrinen their texts. Unill T 11 You and me . In Greece. And that purity is symbolized in a bride when she wears white in a "white wedding: We might also soy thot her cheroder is -whiter than white" or "as white as snow: Now thors in the United States. however. blue hos a complele1y different meaning.we talk about feeling blue when we feel sod or depressed.

happiness /mdes. What do you thi nk the speaker will talk about? b Listen to Part 1 of the lecture. Can the other students guess who the writer is? Youond me Unit l . d Give your paper to the teacher.3 Listening skills o a You are going to listen to part of a lecture on "Colors and Culture". if any. Wh ich two colors does the speaker talk about? How did you guess? Look at th e notes a studen t made on Part 2 of "Colors and Culture".dings whiter than white 11 funera ls feelin~ blue = sa or 13 m USiC 10 I<ha [ a!O!!. \1' c r--1 'Wbit~ U. 1 How imp ortant is the color of clothes to you? 2 What colors do you tend to wear and why? 3 What colors in clothes.l[ 12 dep ressed the flues called hOllses painted blue & w hite 14 "--- d Discuss these ques tions. 2 Ilu!an 3 U·S. Would you be attracted to this person? Why? I Why not? b Make notes on these questions.S. Listen and complete them. 9 wfui:e -wed. Read out th e paper your teacher gives to you. 1 What do blue and white mean in your country? 2 What do you personally associate with these colors? 3 Do you have any expressions in you r langu age related to these colors'? What are they? Can you think of expressions related to other colors? 4 What other colors have sp ecial mean ings in your country? Are there expressions related to these colors? '- 4 Writing skills a Read this short text. don't you like and wh y? 4 Do the colors of your clothes represent your personality? Why? / Why n ot? c Use your notes to write a short paragraph like the one in Exercise 4a. tranquill ity. 4 G>eec£ 5 PIICb': 6 deat h 7 sadness 8 peace.

Then listen to the tour guide again and check your answers.. I like it because of the In the foreground/backgroun d you can see..1 Warm up a In pairs... Use tbese categories: The people and the place The activities The feelings. . J It shows . Phrases describing paintings U's a picture oflwo .. II shows . quickly find as many differences as you can between the two paintings above and write them down. I think irs Gennan . put the words and phrases into the appropriate category in the tahle. ... ) An abstract work A self-portrait (of. Listen to the other pairs and note down any differences that you didn't find. I like it because of Lhe .. How many of your points does the speaker mention? Make a note of the points you missed. A water color An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painling (by . o 5 Compare 3 Prepare In pairs. 1 Do you have a favorite artist? Who is it? What type of work does/did the person do? 2 Do you have a favorite painting? Talk about it. the colors..... An abstract work A self· portrait (of . .. .. and the clothes a Listen to a tour guide talking to visitors in an art gallery. 1 Renoir painted portraits and landscapes 2 The two paintings show dancers in the city and in the country . In the foregroundlllacksround you can see . Types of painting b Discuss these ques tions.. 1 [ think it's German. A water color It's a picture of two She's wearing .) 2 Task In groups. write a short description comparing and contrasting the two paintings. 3 Both paintings have a similar theme 4 Red is the color of love and passion Unitl You and me . the city the country fashion landscapes passion portraits scheme seascapes theme the lown 4 Feedback Report the differences you found to the class.... An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painting (by . She's wearing . ~ b Read the sentences below and complete them with some of the words from the box.

When students report back to the class. Let students compare their notes in pairs before discussing as a class. 4 Feedback Ask a few pairs to stand up and tell the class what differences they found. cui from magazines. look 01 the paintings. 3 Prepare Go around the class. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 5a. and the clothes The woman in the first painting seems happy. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exer cise s b before playing the audjo again so that they can check their answers. present progressive a comparative description Speaking comparing and contrasting paintings Bring in pictures of famous paintings. The oudioscript for Track 6 is on page Tl3 '!II You and me T 12 Unitl . The woman in the second painting seems cold and uninterested. simple post.she is probably richer and more sophisticated than the woman in the first picture. say four minutes.Objectives Grammar Topic: art Reading comparing a written and spoken text Writing Ustening a tour guide simple present. The feelings. The man looks passionate and in love with the woman. Once students are seated. Encourage the rest of the class to take brief notes as they listen . they are outside. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise I b as a brief open class activity. Ask students to walk around the class. 2 Task Get students started by eliciting two or three differences from the class and writing them on the board.she's holding a fan. In both paintings. Model answer: The people and the place I the activities Both paintings show a man and woman dancing. Give a short time limit. and landscape (a painting of a scene in the country). Ask students to listen and note the points the speaker mentions. Put them on the classroom walls at the start of the lesson. you can see plants in the background. In the first painting. the colors. and decide on their favorite. self-portrait (a painting of the artist by the artist). as students write their descriptions.perhaps a ballroom. In both paintings. In the first painting. Then put students in small groups to extend the lists. check that they have understood portrait (a painting of a person). the woman is wearing a red hat and gloves . a few to tell the class which painting they liked and why. Introducelhe Iopk 1 Warm up Ask students to do Exercise 1a in pairs. the man is wearing a black suit and the woman is wearing a light dress. whereas in the second painting they are in a very grand building . ask. helping with vocabulary and language use. The woman in the second painting is wearing a beautiful dress and white gloves .

passion. uh. Have them choose a painti ng and make notes to describe it. Co around lhe class and help. and Renoir often uses the color red in this way. right? In Donce in the City.one of the best. but the other one seems kind of bored so we .. To make the presentations in Exercise 7b more natural. so tho! shows us .. Culture note The pointing in lhe righl-hond margin of Ihis page is Picadilly Orcus by laurence Stephen lowry (1887-19761.•• 6 Notice Be fore asking students to do Exercise 6a. butlhere ore some . you could refer to them again for Exercise 7a. now look carefully ollhis girl and compare her to Ihe girl in the other picture.. Iheme: young couples dancing. For Exercise G ask students to work in pairs.. uh . He has a beard... now So Kind of this one okay? Exercise 6c can be conducted as an open class discussion .. so . Unill T1 3 Yovondme . Remind students to usc the headings from exorcise 3 011 pago 12. but there's also red in her fan. os mony of you will know. Tourist 2 Sorry. in love with lhe man. if we turn 1 the 0 second picture.. uh . Okay. Afterwords.this one. we can'! really see fhe man's foce at 011. Ask students to close their eyes and imagine one of the paintings they can see. as you can see they both have a similar ". Additional activity Imaginary art gallery. •• 7 Follow up If you brought in painti ngs to start the lesson. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. Divide the closs into groups of four. Dance in the City. and he is standing very close to lhe young lady. can I just ask you a question? There's something I don'l understand here .. You can see Ihe first one's smiling and seems really happy. kind of . you see there? Oh yes. look at Dance in the Countryogoin and nolice the colors.... and the second one is called Donee in the Cityand . Ask students to open Their eyes and toke turns describing lheir painting.. um .. Also cIlcollrllge Ihem to usc tho phrases they identified in Exercise 6b. Notice that in bo!h pictures we hove a young couple dancing. we . As you know. find ouf which students in each group really broughl their paintings to life. uh. II could be a famous painting or a completety imaginary one. Ask students to work in pairs or small groups.. Tourist l in love? Sorry to interrupt. b Suggested answers: Okay. uh . Okay.. uh . uh ... encourage students ilOilO look al their written descriptions as Ihey speak.. red is Ihe color of love. He painted all kinds of pictures. now here we see IWO of Renoir's besl·known paintings: the first one Is called Donee in the Counlry. now.. we notice is lhe mon in the first pidure. Renoir was 0 French Impressionist . Tell each group lho! they are in the middle of on art gallery. leI's begin by looking at the people. the first thing we nolice is the woman's red bonne!. of . Dance in IheCounlry we can see his foce. So.. Now. interesting differences. The 6rst !hing. uh . surrounded by painlings.... he mostly pointed por1raits and landscapes.. a famous British painter who specialized in crowded urban scenes. Tell students 10 think carefully about how Ihey are going to describe the painting to other people. get the feeling that the firsl woman is crazy about him ". in Donce in the City.. okay.. Okay. . but. you said thaI Renoir . uh. He was. .. help them identify where the lexts are from and that Text B is a transcript of an oral texl. we can see tha t the colors are generally more somber.. uh . For Exerc ise Sa on page 12 1't Tour guide Now.. . and she's wearing a long dress with a pattern of red flowers. particularly Renoir's use of red. Guide Yes? Tourist 2 Well. but how do we know she's in love? Guide How do we know she's in love? Well.

now look carefully at this girl and compare her to the girl in the other picture. he has a beard and he is standing very close to the young lady. Don't just read out the written description . uh . now. 19 19. uh . The assumption is that the first woman is in love with her partner whereas b What expressions are typical of the spoken text? okay. This young woman appears extremely happy. so . Renoir primarily painted portraits and landscapes.. in Dance in the City.6 Notice a Compare the written and spoken texts about the artist. . uh.. 1841. Dance in the Country and Dance in the City. but he mostly painted portraits and landscapes.. b Present your description of the painting to the class. make notes on it then write a short description of it.one of the best. Renoir. He was. uh .. let's begin by IooI<. one can see a bearded man dancing very close to a smiling young woman. uh. Auguste Renoir: born Umoges.. Renoir was a French Impressionist . we can't really see the man's face at all. two of Renoir's most famous paintings. The first thing.. uh. in love with the man.. now. uh . Okay. Despite similarities in theme.. okay? In Dance in the City. now here we see two of Renoir's best -known paintings: the first one is called Dance in the Country and the second one is called Dance in the City and . interesting differences. get the feeing that the first woman is crazy about him . Okay. kind of . theme: young couples dancing. He painted all kinds of pictures. but the other one seems kind of bored so we. In the former.. uh . Okay. Together. uh .. choose one of the paintings on this page (or one your teacher gives you). Dance in the Country . Make a list of differences between the two texts.we can see his face. but. You can see the first one's smiling and seems really happy. Notice that in both pictures we have a young coup~ dancing but there are some .remember that spoken English is different from written English! You and me Unit 1 .. c Give examples of similar expressions in your own language. F rance.ing at the people. died Cagnes... . Tour guide Now as many of you will know. One of the greatest French impressionists... he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919..... whereas the young woman in Dance in the City appears somewhat uninterested. um . 7 Follow up a In pairs or small groups.. we . there are several interesting differences between the paintings.. we notice is the man in the first picture -this one.. . as you can see they both have a similar. both feature a young couple dancing. Okay...

white (British English onty) reel. blue. green. v. dark (chid<. yellow. """ '''''''' """""""" urI1appy happy Question: Did you meet them at the restaurant? Emphatic: I did call you! Note the spelling rules for regular past forms: With most verbs. hazel.en) brown.0 • emphasizing a fact/feeing: You did say you'd moot me at eight. I feel tired. I usuaRy watch comedies. I work as an engineer. remove -y and add -ied: study -+ studied. Affkmative: We m e t friends and had pizza last night. red (sleepy.it's just th81 we won't be here. I'm surell do love you! QuestiOn: Are you reading anything good? Is the use o r the te n ses in these sente nces c orrect? Put a c heck by th e correct senten ces and correct th e wrong o nes. things that are true: • an irritating habit that someone has: You're &Ways interrupting me. Question: Does she work hard? Do they work through lunch? V 5 "How's Kevin's leg?" "OIl. blond. brown reel. b c d e The soo riSes in the east and sets in the west. sad) black. dark . drink -+ 2 Collocations with colors eggs wine wtYte. """" act"" ""'" """""""" "" w""' """.". a situation that is developing or changing: Susan is losing a lot of weight. Fo. 3 I can't see you ton ight . Vllhat are you doing? a temporary situation or actMty: My sister is living in France right now.". Affirmative: She w orks in a bank. white. They often diedyoung. tired. brown. weather's good .Ie -+ maved Cho o se three adjectives that describe each of thes e people: yoo With verbs ending in consonant + -y. permanent situations and states: lINe in BtaziI.JAC:. phi your best friend your mother or lather -+ 3 Review and extension of the present progressive coffee m eat b read eyes Use • • • pro"ad A lot 01 verbs have an irregul<v past form. Neutral realistic ~ined Negative irritating """""" -. Negative: She doesn't work on the weekend. red.E RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of simple present Use a facts. '00. lighVdarI< hair people (s kin c olor) Unit 1 You and me . These tomato plants grow very quickly if the Fo. rose black. double the consonant: plan -+ planned. Her two friends work there.".we're having a fami ly dinner. dark.I hate itl 2 Review and extension of simple past Use Vocabulary Summary 1 Adjectives: personality Posffive • a single action in the past that is now finished: We went to a bar last night. They don't worle /ate very often. buy -+ bought... brown (tan from the sun). Negative: We aren 't reading vet)' much right now. She's studying French art and architecture. light. carry -+ carried With one-sylLable verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant. rootioe.live """" romantic cooservative quiet radical dul sad rod cooperative sboog modest attractive """" bomg irritable ~"" Negative: We didn 't m eet until pretty /ate In the evening.nite. gray. regular actions: I often go to the movies. Affirmative: I'm reading a really interesting book right now. brown. which you need 10 learn: go -+ went. fT'IO. tell -+ told... gray. not nine! Fo. add -d: like organized "'m respectable -+ looked. eat -+ ate. · it's getting botter 6 I'm never telling people my nickname -I hate it! I never tell Emphatic: We do wa nt you to s tay longer . • a definite anangeo"Ie(ll for the future: We're leaving at six tomorrow morning and meeting the others at the airport. stay -+ stayed -+ liked. feelings and desires at the IJ(esent tine: I want a break.. white. emphaSizing a fact/feeling: He does live'here.flite. black. white.. Jeff is always turning up late these clays. black (German dark rye bread) an action happening now: I'm reading about grammar. but he can't walk yet. 1 "Vv'hat are you majoring in?" "I'm majoring in history: V V 2 These tomato plants are growing very quickly if the weather's good. probably because her mother is getting sicker and she's worried. add -ed: look With verbs ending in -e. 4 Our neighbors are always playing loud music late at night and it really annoys me. it gets better. • a continuous situation or repeated action that is now firished: People lived in poverty in those days. people my nickname ..

Jt can telL 'if!I! dJf/eYe:nl ?'Itet1m11fjS of the . Which of the words in the box apart from leader and drink can strong also collocate with? ACTION PlAN [> 8 leader drink discussion marriage swimmer film Strong swimmer Strong marriage Your action plan: using our dictionary Tum to page 152 and . In pairs.py • mdl'penckln[ Idscn(<l)ldsl In'spe k [~bll • 3: ro-man-tic 3: dis-ci-plined 3: un-hap-py • kou'mrenuk/ Idlsaphnd/ IAn'hrepJ / romantic disciplined unhappy • independent generous respectable f Words often collocate with other words. would you buy one? Why? I Why not? 2 Information a dictionary can give you a Would you use a dictionary in these situations? Write . 53 at the back of your book and look at the section on how to use your dictionary. Jt can. and three ••• categories mean? b Use the dk:tionary entries on page 154 and 155 to answer the following questions. He has no experien ce 4 When I got the answer wrong I turned red with embarrassment. 1 We're still in the black thanks to my new job. 1 Can any of the "color adjectives" be nouns or verbs? If so. te1L }fJU. figure out. can you add anything more to the list you made in Exercise 2c? 3 USing a dictionary a Why do you think some of the words are in red? What do the one'. when do you use it? 2 Do you have a bilingual dictionary? If yes. make a list of the different pieces of information an English-English dictionary can give you. c A dictionary is full of information about words and phrases. J felt very embarrassed e Use the dictionary entries to complete the table below with information about the words in the box.I. You and me Unit l . d Now klok at the dictionary extracts on page 154.00 is cou:nf4l:1e or U:'1u:ounMile. Number of syllables 4: in·de-pend·ent Main stress in·de-pend. b Discuss your answers. 4 I see a word or phrase that I am curious about. 1 Do you own a dictionary in your language? If yes. For example the adjective strong can collocate to produce a strong leader or a strong drink but not a strong enemy. discuss these questions. You do not have any debt 2 You can ask me till you are blue in the face but I won't do it! There is no use trying to persuade me 3 He's too green to do that job. or ? I would use a dictionary every lime: 1 I see a word or phrase that I don'.Using a dictionary 1 Dictionaries you have used In small groups. which ones? Bl ack: noun. verb Blue: noun Green: noun Red: nOUD 2 Which two eolors can describe an unhappy feeling? Bl ack. Make a list of some more useful things that you learn about the information an English·English dictionary can give you.)(. bl ue c How many meanings do the adjectives black and green have in the dictionary entries? 7 d What do you think the f(jlowing phrases ~n Italic) mean? Check your ideas in the dictionary entries.If a )1.£'1m1e 'm?Yd. know. Note: You will need to show your list to a classmate at the end of Unit 2.ent Pronunc iation 3: gen ·er-ous 4 : re-spec·ta·ble 8en-er -011s re-spec·ta-bJe ro-m -an-tic dis-ci-plined uD-hap. 2 I see a word or phrase that I can'. when do you use it? 3 Have you ever used an English-English dictionary? If you don't have one. two ". 3 I see a word or phrase that is important to understanding a text.

... or repealed actions in the Why is it important? Salma Hayek was horn. Info rmat ion 1 2 Grammar review and extension : simple past. I like if..S. a job in a local theater. Then write the correct form by the rules: simple past. be used to Frida huge success in U. 1 Who is the person? Z What do you know about her background? 3 Can you name any of her movies? 4 Have you seen any of her movies? If so.A ... or was used to + noun/-ing verb. e Now complete this chart with your partner. 1966 University 2 3 Teresa L. used to + verb. Answer the questions... what did you think of them? b You are going to read an article about this person.1 Reading skills a Look at the pictures of this famous person. was used to + noun For habits. simple past 2 . which didn't pay much .. International Rela tions September 2nd. be used to a Look at the examples below. used to For situalions and actions that are now finished. De LANGUAGE NOTE + used to + noun/-ing verb can be used in the present or the past: 1 2 3 4 What is your favorite movie? Who starred in it? What was it about? How successful was the film commercially? She wasn 'f used to going against her pareIlt~· · wishes. d In pairs. I'm used to gelling up early in the morning. Unil2 Fame and fonune .. used to + verb 3 Hayek wasn't used to going against her parents' wishes . 1 Her parents sent her to a private Catholic school in Louisiana. she used to misbehave constant! y . Student B: Look at page 151.. used to. situations.. simple past 5 Although Hayek was used to considerable success . was used to + ing verb 4 . discuss these questions. My Crazy Life popular TV soap career in Hollywood first hig break • 5 6 pasl Ihal are nol true or that don't happen now. Student A: Look at page 150. in fact. simple past To express that we wnw accustomed to something in the past.

they tend to ovoid using these forms. without showing Mch other their graphs. Encourage students 10 share any information they know. Before starling Exercise l b. If there are no identical forms in the students' own language. Otld person/thing ore important to you. ~ Quick grammar guide: used 10 Students often forget to use 10. in pairs. 0 be used to doing a mini autobiography speaking from graphic information Write on the board a dole. lor example. tell them anything extra at this stage. Draw st udents' attention to the Language Nole and ask them to think of some examples of their own. Tell the closs 10 osk you questions 10 find oul why the dole. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Aflor students hAve discussed the questions in Exercise 1a briefly in pairs. The texis on page 150 ond 151 contain a number of very colloquial expressions. The form used to + infinitive talks about post slales and habits thaI are no longer Irue. but don'. usedis on adjective and 1 is a preposition. elici t feedback from the whole class. Fameondfortune T1 6 Unil2 . If a post imperfect tense in the students' own language expresses the some meaning as used to. have a briof class discussion. Then have each student write down on important dole. and a pefSOfl/lhing thaI is important in your life. the town you were born. the dole you become a teacher. the name of your dog.l6r lennis. used to. In the form be used to + ing. Students think the form used /0 + infinitive can be used in a present form and confuse it with usually.Objectives Grammar Topic: biographies of famous people Reading a biography Writing Speaking simple pasl. Make sure students only read the text and complete the graph that is on "their" page. Check with the class which form is being used in each exam ple. I tJSe Ie :eJe)' baseball on Saturday. Then ask students 10 match the forms to the rules. place. After students have discussed the questions in Exercise ld . similarity of the forms. and person/thing in his or her life. be used to Have students foad the exam ples in Exercise 2a. learners sometimes think thal lhey are expressing a post habit when they use a simple post form of a verb in English. a place. tell each student clearly whether they are student A or student B. 2 Grammar review and extension: simple past. Common problems and errors t . and it means be occuslomed 1 The confusion arises from the 0 0. and ask them 10 interview a partner. place. bull never ploy on Sunday. You may wish to check students understand them: kicked oul of school = expelled from school dropped oul of school = /eft school before completing studies gol a big break •• Vocabulary extension =hod a greal opportunity Ihe film bombed = the film was very unsuccessful. used 1 do. They tJS98 .. Tell pairs to complete Exerciselc together.

Discuss the qucslion in Exercise 2c with the whole class and ask them fo r the reason why this is so. Go around the class as they write. Then have students draw their own timelines and label them with key events.talkln Help students generate ideas by writing the following prompts on the board at the start of the activity: Bom etIterncIIWe 510rled school Moved house/ fawn Left school Mel Possed_ Woo__ When students are ready. Encourage students to do this during th e activity. Before putting students in pairs fo r Exercise 3b. ask stvdents to research and write the biography of their favorite movie or sports star. ask students to share with the class the false info rmation in each au tobiography. 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow the steps in Exercise 4a to write a 50· word autobiography. Unil2 T 17 Fame and fortvne . Elicit additional questions from the class until you feel students understand their task. Tell the class about a ile or two good or bad things from your life. or limeli ne. Have students complete Exercise 2g ind ividually.) Have students work in pai rs for Exercises 2d and 2e . Prase . Answers will vary with students' background knowledge. Finally. rather than just taking turns to give informa tion.Do the fi rst express ion in Exercise zb as an example to got students started. AcIdttIonaI octivity For homework. (Some phrases can only be used with simple past because they refer to one fi nished time in th e past. Then ask them to work individually. on the board and briefly drawi ng your "li fe " a ll it (see pages 150-1 51 for examples). and moni tor to make sure thoy are applying the rule correctly. Use Exercise zf as a lead-in to the text by asking the whole class the questions. model the speaking task by asking a capable student to talk about his or her life. Then ask them to check with a partner before discussing tho answers with the whole dass. tl 3 Speaking skills Model the activity in Exercise 3a by d rawing a graph. helping with ideas and vocabulary. ask them to exchange the ir autobiography with a partner fo r Exercise 4b. Demonstrate how to interrupt with questions.

His family 3 were very poor and when he was a boy.. in Brazil. because I wasn't used to the cold or speaking French. 2 Last night we used to go {. three days ago simple past on my last birthday simple past Student A: Talk about your life. 5 My grandparents~used to JIEPin an apartment near the beaCh. where. 1 Do you know who this is? 2 What do you know about him? 4 Writing skills a You are going to write a mini-autobiography.363 first-class games (1955-1977) and scored 1. he 5 shinedlused to shine other people's shoes. when. and in Brazil he is a national hero. He 9 won a second winner's medal in 1962 and a third in 1970. phrases as possible. and with used to.Pew (popular name of Edson Arantes do Nascimento) Born 1940. expressions can go with both? Make notes and draw a graph. In groups. soccer player Most people believe Pele 1 was the most successful player in the history of soccer. and at 17 he 7 played/competed for Brazil in the 1958 World Cup Final. 3 W en we lived in New York. He 10 spent most of his career at Santos (1956-74) and then with the New York Cosmos (1975-7). etc. or be + used to. In 1980 the sports wond 12 voted him "athlete of the century".. ...281 goals. Pele couldn't afford soccer shoes. Pele 6 made his intemational debut when he was 16.d y09 my some beer this morning? f Look at the picture on the right. ~ I was used to walk to school. 3 Write your autobiography in about 50 words. at nine o'clock both this morning simple past why. discuss these questions. Which ones? 1 When I was a child. because I didn't use to I asn't used to hearing that dialect.. 4 Give your autobiography to a partner.. 2 Include one thing about yourself that is not true. 4 I couldn't understand the S ish here at first.c . using the graph to help you. compete be (x2) be born make vote play (x2) score shine spend win . Use the simple past. of your ups and downs. He 2 was born in Tres Coracoes.i often used to visit my grandparents. In two sentences both forms are correct. c Which go only with the simple past? d Complete the sentences with as many time A I used to live in Texas.. show each other your graphs.he 4 pIayedlused to play barefoot! To make money. as on pages 150 when I lived in Canada both last winter simple past and 151. Which of the a Think about the ups and downs in your life. He 11 played/competed in 1. I visited my grandparents ___ _ _ __ e Choose the correct verb form in each sentence. b Read your partner's autobiography. we often € : D sed to to the theater.b We can use a number of time words with the 3 Speaking skills simple past.. Interrupt yesterday simple past last night simple past your partner to ask questions. -- . Can you find the information that is not true? g Complete the text below with the verbs in the box. But his feet didn't hurt when he played . in 2002 simple past at midnight both b In pairs. used to. It was difficult at first . B Where did you live after that? A We moved to Quebec. He 8 scored two goals in the 5-2 win over Sweden. 6 Did you use to 4Il. at Christmas time both when I was a child both Student B: Interrupt A to ask questions with did. Follow these steps: 1 Make brief notes for your autobiography.-en~to the movies.

Anyone who stOPS learOlng 1S 0. In fact. "Be n' '.. screenwriter. .. which is the best advice? N~"... he was worth over a billion dollars.w . 1 What does he say about being a billionaire? 2 In what ways was Getty "stingy"? A Stingy Billionaire '---' John Paul Getty (18921976). you don't have a billion dollars. .. Rockefeller.lOu h ·.money. c the advice below given by four mil lionaires and answer these questions. twenty or el . money to pay for the child's freedom. . "If you can count your-. believed. Paul Getty. Jr. . In YOUr SIeep. "I haVt=-'" no problem with being wealthy. However.. ""The famous billionaire always said hi~ wealth was the result of hard work. .g. He top "'1' and ajTh Starred ." Gett) ' always counted his millions very carefully. for tIll'S. he agreed to lend his son th. 1 Which one most refl ects the secret of Getty's success? 2 Which advice did Getty ignore? 3 In your opinion. I produced think. . . ld hether at H enry 0 ." n f Unil2 Onassis ch eighree 8 magnate ~ e Greek .. part payments made regularly over a penod or lime John D."When Getty died. h nk Inane . another tells of wher Italian terrorists kidnapped his grandsori-" and he refused to pay the ransom money! Eventualiy..." people needed. au ShoUld' e said Y It' ev ..-.." Wilson M' 'zner. ships) Fome ond fortune . he was well known.. . one of the richest"'--" people in history.Having a fortune 1 Reading skills a WouJ d you like to be a millionaire? Why? I Why not? b Read the magazine article about th multi-milli?naire." The greatest thing in life is to keep your nund young. said. . e renOwned U S way up b of hiS bOOks. ed fj day and ... J. said. installed a pay-telephone for guests in his English mansion... One • story has it that h \. aVe to chi Or rhe "}j nJghr ... n hOur 'orked maintain h' s a day to s as a welde/ fortune. for his miserliness... whether with head or hand.: rea~ GLOSSARY stingy doesn't like spending money miserliness being stingy. .. . GLOSSARY magnate weallhy and powerful person welder person who makes metal jOints le. the money had to be paid bac in installments. I worked hard for my money. th wrote in one '. an: answer these questions. refusal to spend money ransom money money demanded by kidnappers to release their prisoner insta ~lm e nts..ghry Anyone who keeps learrung stays young. n dream abOut shiPPin --Aristotle F rd founder of the Ford Motor Company. ecause you'll Ice to peopl ' meet them e on yOUr on the waydo.. "I I' believe in the dignity of labor. the only son of the world 's wealthiest businessman.

In other words. Check answers to questions 1 and 2 and hold a class vote on question 3. 2 He installed a pay phone for guests.hat it is impossible to count how much money they have. Answers: 1 Gelly said if you could count your millions. Ask them to complete Exercise lc in pairs. The love of money is the roof of off evil. F ame and fortune T 18 Unit 2 . he refused to pay the ransom for his grandson. Then write the following words at random on the board: mean rich well-off miserly prosperous fight-fisted t . 2 Getty ignored Mizner's advice.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: money Reading a profile of a famous person Ustening interviews money: noun-verb collocations Write one or two of the following well-known sayings on the board: Money makes the world go oround. Ask students whether they agree with ony of the sayings.. ~ Vocabulary extension Ask students in pairs to put the synonyms in the corred categories. you weren't a billionaire. Encourage students to explain their answers . who had to pay it back. Draw students' attenti on to Ihe quotes and the Glossary in the lower half of the page. Introduce !he topic 1 Reading skills Discuss the question in Exercise la as a class. instead he lent the ransom money to his son. under stingy or wealthy. Write the following two words from the text at the top of the board: stingy and wealthy. Why? Why not? Ask students how imponont money is in their lives. check they understand the questions and draw their attention 10 the Glossary. Before asking students to read the article in Exercise lb. as needed . Answers: 1 Onassis's advice reflects the secret of Getty's success. b illionaires are so rich t. Review the pronunciation and definition of the words. Money con't buy me love.

Yes. Hoving money means you can offord to make choices. Bob So 15% of people actually went out and found a new job al1hough they didn't need lo? Janet Thars right. we also asked about work. Well. Bob Happiness . and that you lend to and borrow from . So. Then ask students to use their imagination to complete the Me column in the chart. and they're very interesting.paid jobs and move inlo something less welt paid but that they really wanted to do. Bob Yes. Set the scene by asking students a few questions: How would you (eactto winning a million dollars in the fot/ery? What would you spend the money on? How do you think it would change your life? After students have listened to the audio in Exercise 3b and completed the SUIveycolumn. So that's quite surprising. irs very encouraging. Have studen ts attempt Exercise 3c before you play the audio again for them to complete it. ask whether they were "typical" of lottery millionaires in each category. you said. and see which pair can produce the greatest number of combinations. Janet Well. yel only a tenth of those questioned switched to private doctors. In Exercise 2b. just over half of all the people. flying.2 Vocabulary: money After students have done Exercise 2a in pairs. the picture appears to be that a 101 of people lend not 10 change their lives very much after a huge win. Almost half the winners. o o - 7'~--------------------------------------------Bob Now. though they hod no need 10 work anymore. Bob I suppose it"s a perfect opportunity for people to improve their children's education? Janet Indeed.. we've just had the results from Ihe lolest survey. we asked about leisure time. 55%. Janet The other interesting point is that the majority of the people who answered Ihe questionnaire gave money to members of their family. the results do seem to prove that. Did you ask them aboullove? Janet love. enjoying themselves. that makes sense. pay for something when you hand over money for it. and the firsl is happiness. Draw students' attention to the Language Note at the bottom of the page.thars amazing! Janet It is. and major choices are health ond education. Janet. We look atlhe results in different categories. yes. winning a lot of money mode no difference to peaple's love lives: 95% of married couples stayed married' Bob 95%' Thars a huge percentage. "Whars the poinl of winning so much money if it doesn·t change your life?"" Unit2 T 19 Fame and fortune . whose market research company conducted the most r8(ent survey. check pronunciation of cam and lose and that students can use the words correctly. Have the whole class check in Exercise 2d. So. we did. In the sludio this morning is Janet King. thars 48%. investing. and stress of investment and salary.or more in the lost five years? They wont to find out if the win changed these people's lives. In our survey.. Bob Mmm. \n locI. Bob It mode no difference to 42% of people . etc.so to find out if money makes people happier? Janet Exactly. or soiling. did you know that The Notional Lolferyin the United Kingdom has sent out questionnaires to all the people who have won a million pounds . and about three percent only decided to send their kids to private schools. ti Presentation alternative 3 Li stening skills Read the situation in Exercise 3a as a class. only 17% of respondents didn't! Bob Mmm. I con understand thot. as you know. you know the old saying thaI money can'l buy love? Well. My salory is the amount of money I earn in my job. Set a time limit for Exercise 2c (for example. You might ask. Bul you'd think lt1at people would wont to spend lime doing other things. Half of those people who changed jobs started their own business. and the 4% who said that they were separated or divorced were probobly going to get divorced anyway' Now. even though they hod become rich. Janet Yes. said the win hod made them happier and just two per cent said it mode them less happy. Have students change partners before doing Exercises 2e and 2f. Only 15% of the winners quit their job for a new one . kept the some job. and only 16% of the winners took up an expensive new hobby like golf. Surprisingly. rum money from your job. five min utes). and a massive 42% felt it had mode no difference. We assume that those people were able 10 leave well. how has winning a fortune affected the lives of those tucky people? Janet Good morning. And that isn'l always the case. really. Check pronunciation of waste and receipt. and Ihars also very interesting. make money from working. make sure they understand tha t win has a different meaning to earn. Welt. Bob Two percent. isn't it? And it even made some people less happy. Bob.thars nearly two million dollars . Actually.

. discuss these questions. 0 b Listen to an interv iew. 5 6 7 8 I took up an expensive new hobby. c Make as many verb-nou n combinations as you can wit h the words in the box above. you won a million dollars in tho loltery. Verbs make cam spend save lend borrow waste win lose pay investment credit card salary receipt money cash Nouns 1 money in tho form of bills and coins cash 2 something you buy in order to make more money later on investment 3 get some money from a person or an institution. t switched to private medical care. I gave money to my family. . You just received the questionnaire on tho right that the lottery has sent to all its winners in the past five yoars.. 55% 2% 42% 4% 48% 15% 16% d Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. which'! 2 Why do you think winning a lot of money made some people unhappy? 3 What resu lts would the same survey produce in your country? lend sometbing to someone You borrow some/lrills /rom someone Fame ond fortune Unit 2 . have cash credit card 7 give someone money temporarily.~!e. Since then you have gotten murried . 1 Do any of the results surprise you? If so.ne5S 2 love 3 work 4 leisure 5 hcallh 6 educatjon LANGUAGE NOTE YOll d In pairs. 1 How much does a doctor earn in your country'? Z Do you ever waste money buying things you don't need ? 3 When was the last time you lent money to a frie nd'! 4 What do you spend most of your money on'? 5 Have you over won any money in a competition? 6 Do you pre fer to -P. I did not quit worn. Imagine thi s situation: five years ago. It made me unhappy.. to -rnak an.. 9 We sent the children to a private school. 1 fli1l?A. Thon tell the class your ideas." ~ c The represontative of the company discusses six categories. Listen agai n and write them. to be paid back laler borrow 4 got money or a pr i z~ in a competition or louory will 5 usc monoy or lime in an inefficient way waslo 6 you can pay with this if YOLI don'. 3 Listening skills a How would you react to winning the lottery? Read the situation below and complete the task. 50"". I got a new job. It made no difference to my happiness. they will pay it back lend 8 what you got as proof of buying something receipt 9 what yO ll recoive overy month for working sa lary 10 use money to buy things spend b Check that you understand the other nouns and verbs in the box obove. e Complete tho sentences with an appropriate verb from the box. and had throe children. Comp lete the missing percentages in tho las! column o f the table. 1 Me The win made me happier. tn.i!X. 10% 3% 83% r Ask and answer the questions fro m Exercise 2e with a part ner.2 Vocabul ary: money a Find a word from the box for each of the descriptions below. Think about wha t your answers would be and complete the "Me" column with "yes" or "no.by cash or credit card? 2 3 4 My partner and I got divorced.J. moved to a new neighborhood. There arc six extra words.

. she has become the bestknown South American author. Isabe l Allende had to leave her country . Her most famou s. Make a note of the nchlCvcments and failures. he was clearly past his m. b ut when he came back the second time to play fo r the WashinglOll Wizards. if appropriate. 1 Can YOll identify the people ill the pictures? 2 What do you know about them? b Read the extracts quickly. Maybe he wasn 't good enough for the school tcam. She was unable to find work in her chosen career as a jou rnalist. Match each one with one of the people in the pictures. He retired twice. but it was there that her career . his career ended only a few years later. as an author took off.. o nly to come back to the sport..'St. d Which of tho people might have theso regrets? Which ono was 1I0t a persolla] choice? '.. with several novels to her name. he failed to get OnlO the school basketball team. Uni!2 Fame and fortune . after accusations of drug abuse.it was 1101 a personal choice o lorda n A link known fuel: when he was in high school. e Allende Born in Chile. and in 1982 h e became the world's most expensive soccer player when h e transferred to Barcelon a. of each of those people. She went toVenezuela with her husband and children. House of the Spirits.. 2 I wish I hadn't gone back after I retired 3 I was very sorry to have to leave my co~ntry. but he went on to become the greatest basketball plllyer of all time. Sadly.Regrets 1 Readi ng skills a Discuss these questions. she had to leave the country of her birth after the military coup of 1973. 1 It was really stupid to got into that sluff.. c Rea~ lhe extracts ogain. fD Mar adona He became Argentina's youngest ever international soccer player in 1977. He was captain of the Argentinian tcam when they won their second Wo rld Cup in 1986. has also been made into a film. Since then. Discuss thorn with a parlner.

Objectives Grammar Topic: regrets Vocabulary regrets: I wish / If school a nd careers: only collocations Pronunciation Reading intonation short biography expressing interest extracts and surprise Ustening Speaking discussing personal regrets a conversation 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. George Really? Bill Really_We used to go to the same school George You're kidding! You used to go to the same school I? Bill Yeah. A n swers: 1 Achiev ements: greatest basketball player of al! time Failures: failed to get onto school basketball tearn. A hundred? Uh huh Yeah. George Yeah. I've regret1ed it a thousand times. You know irs always busy here.. George Mm. he's gal a chain of. p ast his best wh en he came back tbe second time 2 A chievements: successful author Failures: had to leave Chile: couldn ' t find work as a journalist 3 Achievements: Argentina's yowlgest ever soccer player. Encourage lots of speculation. give away any answers yet In Exercise l b. Joe owns this place and all the other Lucky Joe reslauranls. but don'... amazing. mine's not 100 good. Bill Yeoh. Joe and I used to work in the same factory after we left school. you know. Encourage them to foc us on completing the task.. George It's nat as big as some fast food chains. Bill . but old Joe's doing okay. right. yeah!? Bill Yeah . I wish I'd ordered a cheeseburger. and now he's . students should quickly road the extracts and match them to the pictures .. you know. most expensive soccer player. ah. well. _you won't believe this . Usten . he asked me to join him. Incredible! No! George Yeah. yeah and then he went on to open a second hamburger ioint and Ihen a third . George Joe? Bin Joe Espinosa.. Answers: Extract 1: Michael Jordan Extract 2: Isabel Allende Extract 3: Diego Maradona The other picture on page 20 is of Gabriel Garda Marquez In Exercise lc students should rea d the texts carefully for detaiL Ask students to make brief notes individually and then discuss their n otes in pairs .. and he'd saved enough money George Uh huh? Bill Enough money to open a little hamburger place and . be his partner.. captain of Argentina when they won the World Cup in 1986 Failures: drug abuse D iscuss Exercise ld with the whole class. 8 For Exerc ise 3 on page 21:"!11 Bill Mmm. they must be making a 101 of money. George Oh. and not to waste time trying to understand the passages in depth. Fame and fortune T 20 Unit 2 . George What? Bill Well. a hundred! George Incredible! Bill Y eah. about a hundred outlets all over the world! George A hundred? Bill Yep. Bill Oh. Bill Tao lole 10 change it now. This is delicious. We were buddies. yeoh. If only I'd said yes . George No! And you turned him down? Bill Well. right . . 1 \~ For Exercise 4 on page 21:"!11 Reolly? You're kidding! Oh.

Presentation alternative Ask students to imagine thai they ore 0 famous person. 4 Pronunciation skills: expressing interest and surprise Quick pronunciation guide English has a very wide range of intonation. Quk\( grammar guide: I wish I wish/If only + simple past is used to talk about wonting things to be different about the present. I wish I wel:JkJ !ilre in a quieter area. If only I hadn't given up my job in the city. Compare answers to Exercise 4a around the class. 5 Vocabulary: school and careers Model the activity for Exercise 5c by asking three or four questions in open class. In Exercise 4b. t 3 Listening skills Before playing the audio for Exercise 3a. The oudioscripts tor Track 8 and Track 9 ore on page T20 '" Unit2 T 21 Fame and fortune . Elicit wish sentences in response to question 4. Then d iscuss the answers as a class. Then allow students two minutes to tbink of ideas for the topics. Play the audio only once and compare answers with the whole class. pause after each word and ask the whole class to repeat. which is usually not acceptable. This can lead to errors. Encourage students to use the intonation patterns when responding. to encourage students to express surprise through intonation. Then elicit from students what they think the man might be saying: I wish [were younger / more handsome. English has no well-developed subjunctive form. Using your hand. 6 Speaking skills Elicit one or two "regrets" from the class. Allow enough preparation time (for example. Have them write notes but not whole sentences. ask students to concentrate on answering the questions. Have them write down three regrets lhatthey think that person might have. Concentrate on intonation. I wish I eFR taller. Allow students to choose the story to expan d in Exercise 4c. then up.t ·· ~ 2 Grammar: regrets Use the picture and the questions in Exercise Za to establish the context: the man wants his situation to be different now. Draw students' attention to the Language Note. Unlike mony other longuoges. any changes to some because the sentence changes from negative to positive. Itfonly I wish/If only + post perfect is used to express regrets about the past. I would like !/:Je!. ask them to check in pairs. the fall and rise are much steeper when expressing surprise than when expressing interest. Ask students to work in pairs to complete Exercise zb and to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. so students need to exaggerate the way they express interest and surprise in order to sound "natural: The intonation pattern for both interest and surprise can be represented by a falling arrow then a rising arrow. five to ten minutes) for them to feel confident when retelling. If only I made enough money here. Ask for volunteers to report back to the class. Common probktms and errors Students try to express regrets about the present with a present form. Have the other students guess which famous person they are. Then ask one or two indiv iduals to repeat. After students have listened again in Exercise 3b. Let students check their sentences in Exercise 2d in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. If only I lived in the city. Note that in 2. Another problem is that the students' language may have no specific verb equivalent to wish but moy use a subjunctive form equivalenlto want / would like. However. Ask students to read the regrets aloud to their group or to the class. Students often try to convey the subjunctive with would + verb. make a gesture that moves steeply down.' ''''e!:J/c/ have more money. Answers: 2 I wish / 3 I wish / 4 I wish I 5 I wish I 6 I wish I If only I had some friends here. If only I had listened to my parents.

o 3 Listening skills a Listen 10 the conversation. 1 Is the man attractive now? No.. No! lID lID III lID ~ b Listen again and repeat the phrases. learn 2 graduate from college. 4 Can he change the situation? No. Really? Oh. 1 I moved to this lawn a year ago and [don't like it. 4 You saw something very strange in the sky when you closed your curtains last night. They were right. school. Which ones express interest? Which express surprise? Write I or S in the boxes. 3 When you were young. school 3 become partner 4 found/start company 5 open slore. huh. present 2 r wish I hadn't lost my good looks. it. she. fami ly. b The man expresses his regrets in different ways. present c Complete the rules. I really miss my best friend from high school. 1 Who did Bill use to go to school with? Joe 2 Where did Bill and joe use to work? the same factory 3 What did joe do after he left the factory? opened a hamburger place 4 What does Bill wish? he had said yes when joe asked hjm to be his partner F ame and fortune Uni! 2 . [wish I had kept in touch with h er. ~ b Listen agai n and answer these questions. Uh. Answer the questions. we can use either was or were after [. We can express regrets about the past with I wish and If . right . + the Ilast perfect tense. c Choose one of the "stories" below and make notes on it.!!D.. A Did YOll leave school when you were 16? 8 No. your parents won the lottery. IlVish I hadn't moved to this toWll. 5 Vocabulary : school and careers a Which of lhe nouns in the box can you put with each verb group'! college company factory job orrer money partner school store team leave / drop oul of I quit college. 1 Where are the speakers? fast food restaurant 2 What are they doing? eating. past 4 I wish I weren'l totally bald.. though some people think it is old-fashioned. factory 6 work for company 7 work atlill factory. Incredihle! III III III lID You're kidding! A hundred!? Yeah. Use the sentences in Exercise 2b to help you. company 8 accept / turn down job offer. slore. II wish I were rich. We can express regrets about the present with I IDm and If only + the simple ~ tense. 4 [don't make enough money here. he. talk about th ings you either regret in your life now or regret about your past. 5 I prefer living in the cily.o 4 Pronunciation skill s: expressing interest and surprise a Listen to these phrases from the conversation. b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. d Make wishes about Ihese sentences. and there: 1 wish 1 was rich.ly. Answer these questions. I wish + were is always correct.. past 3 If only I hadn't lost my beautiful hair. 2 Grammar: regrets a Look althe picture above. 6 I didn't listen to my parents. When you listen to your partner's story. It is more formal. Use th ese to pics : fr iends. I graduated from high school when I was 18. Then tell your partner. school. mOlley 1 LANGUAGE NOTE When we use the simple past of be after I wish or If only. 2 [don't have any friends here. c Which of these have you done in your life so far? Ask and answer in pairs. talking 3 What is their relationship'! friends 6 Speaking skills In pairs. 1 Stories YOIl saw a very strange animal when you were out for a walk in the woods yesterday. money. Which statements are regrets about or desires for Ihe present? Which are regrets about the past? 1 If only I looked better. yeah. exams. college. 3 How does he feel about the situation'? Unhappy. 2 You were invited to the Oscars and you met some famous movie stars. 3 II was stupid to give up my job in the city. 2 Was he attractive fifty years ago? Yes. school. usc expressions from Exercise 4a to show interest and surprise. jobs.

Do thoy use similar language to you? Which phrases do thoy use to discuss and decide on an answer? Look at the audioscript on page 148 and underline all the expressions that will be useful in taking the quiz. ask yOUl" teacher to read a few questions agai n. or other phrases that you know for discussing choices. " ~ Listen to some people discussing these questions. ? It 's . write two bonus questions for each category. One student-7The whol ~ t~ a m 11 Now lake the quiz! Your teacher will read the questions out fo r you.. What were yo ur besliworst categories? Do yo u need to improve your knowledge in any of them? If you had problems with A or B.000. afi er-7befo r-e 3 One student decides on lhe answer for the group. look back over the last two units and review the vocabulary and grammar! 6 Noti ce Did you notice the question word thaI most questions began with? If not. do we all 5 Feedback Well.000. Use the Useful Language phrases. In groups of four or five. how did you do? Did any group win the million? Take a look at yo ur scores.. Isn't it . What is wrong in each of th ese statements? 1 You can win less than $1 . discuss the answers to the two questions below. Include the answers.000 each.Lesson4 So you want to win a million? 1 Warm up Do you watch quizzes on TV? Do you enjoy them? Why? I Why not? What's your favorite TV (or radiol quiz? Why do you like it? . can~an 't 2 You choose your joker after you have heard tho quostions. 4 Tas k a Road the aim and ru les of the quiz. b In groups of six or eight. 2 Prepare You are going to take a quiz in teams. So. Who wins tho most bonus money? Unil2 Fome ond fortune . Which orlhase does llQ1 go with the word white? til meat hI broad c) tea ell egg What is the namo of the sea thaI separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? a) the Black Sea bl the Sea of Marmara c) the Meditorranean Soa dl the Caspian Sea 3 Compare USEFUl. but first. When do we ll""lly lise this question word? 7 Foll o w up a In pairs. ask your questions. These bonus questions are worth $50.. LANGUAGE J have n o idea. practice some of the language yo u'll need .

I don't think so. What do you think.. A Irs c.. I have no idea. 7 Follow up When students are ready.meat. 3 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 3 once and discuss the questions as a class . That way each student in each group has two question s to ask. Hisn'lthe Mediterranean.o and informally check some of the vocabulary and grammar practiced in the book so far. Allow only about 30 seconds for students to discuss their answers 10 each question..bread... I think you're wrong.and quietly so that other groups can't hear. c . 2 Prepare Divide students into groups and ask them to read the instructions. B No. \10'' __. do we all agree thaI frs the Sea of Marmora? All Yes. ! wentta the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago.. Whafs the nex! question? A What is !he name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it a . Then have students share their answers as a class. but we Wi tea with milk. Remind them 10 double the score for the category for which they played their joker. With students. splitting the original pairs that prepared questions together. When students are ready. present progressive a quiz The aim of the quiz is to reviev. ~ 4 Task Ask studen ts to check their answers to the questions in Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing them as a class. Allow students two or three minutes to practice. simple past.. 5 Feedback Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. Insist that they speak in English . 6 Notice Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. read the questions (on page T23). Answer: Most questions began with which.the Mediterranean Sea.. right? We can have black tea. divide the class into groups of six or eight.. build up a list of these phrases on the board. with a couple of min utes al the end of each category for them to decide on answers that they are unsure of... tea.. b -!he Sea of Marmara. We usually use this question word when deciding between alternatives.. C Isn1 it meat? o No. so irs c. d . Fame and fortune T 22 Unit 2 . So maybe frs the Block Sea? C No. right? o Yes.. 0 Welt lers Iry to work it out. Encourage lots of talking. b .egg. thars right. You may wanl to give your students a little advance notice 10 review their lessons before doing the quiz! 1 Warm up Set the scene and generate interest by asking the whole class these questions. Laura. that's right. nat white tea.. ~rs put that .. 0 So . this question. or d -the Caspian Sea? C Oh. laura? A Yes. Briefly model the activity by pretending to speculate about the answer to the first question.. we definitely use white with egg . Which of these does nol go with the word "white"? a . C Oh. B Well. using the phrases in the Useful Language box. A So. At the end of each category. thars difficuk. I think. Chicken is white meat. you're right.Objectives Grammar Topic: taking a quiz Reading instrudions Writing w riting questions for a quiz Ustening simple present. c -tea. I think you're right. Then ask students to find and underline useful phrases in the audioscript on page 148 of the Student's Book.Ihe Bled:: Sea. read the answers aloud and ask the groups to add up their scores.. And the Cospian Sea is in Russia.

c ) you discover it. II. d) you work for it.Quiz questions and answers Section A 1 Which of these does not describe wine? al pink. d) Marlon Brando 2 The presidential elections in the U. c) red. take place every . bl Social Democrat. c) Sbe has dark eyes. c) 1 thought.. bl am having. c) Bolivia. Its capital is . h. d) do it J Which of these is incorrect? a) She has brown eyes. dlwe wore cold. b) spend it. bl the USA cl the U. d) white 2 Which oftbese can you not do with money? a) earn it. dl You lIever borrow my phone. al we used to be cold. b) stop. cl was more friends. 5 After an accident someone might say If oilly 1 . c) green. b) Sbe bas black eyes. 6 Which sentence is not correct? a) She used to have blond hair. a) you start it bl you close it. d. d) fivo years.. bl July 5 1 776. dl She was blond. h) I'm thinking. bl am more careful. 5 Margaret Thatcher was the leader of which Bri tish political party? a) Republican. cl hod. a Section D 1 Which of these colors is not in the flag of the U.. b) white. dl Labor 6 Where was Che Guevara born? al Argentina. c) East Pakistan.. therefore 1 be. b) She hod blond hair. c) make it. hI Japan .. dl Bolivia Answers: c. c) Johnny Depp. dl will have lIlore friends. c) She was used to having blond hair. dl I think. al have more friends.S. d. 3 Com plete the sentence: We didn't find it difficu lt to move to the moun/a ins because . therefore 1 \Vas. c Section C 1 Who starred in the movie The Godfather Part 1'1 al Tom Cru ise. K. b) the Greeks. b) three years. dl join Answers: a. cl four years.S. 6 Which country's flag does not have red in it? a) Guatemala. therefore 1 0m. a) have. a Unit 2 T 23 Fameond fortu ne . c) Chile. c} leave. a. d) Australia . c) had had m ore careful. dl will have 2 Someone who was lonely when they were in school might say I wish I . b) Venezuela. 6 Which ofthese is not a synonym o f quill a) drop out. d) the Aztecs 5 Latvia used to be part of the Soviet Union. d) She has gray eyes. therefore 1 am . b. d) blue 2 What did Sri Lanka use to be called? al Burma. d) Ceyloll 3 When did the U. c) pure. cl Minsk. d Section B 1 Which is correct? If only 1 . 5 Someone who keeps to the moral and legal standards of society is . bl we are cold.. . c) r a t! do borrow my phone.? a) red. 3 Where did the actor Russell Crowe grow up? a) New Zea land. d) had been more careful. bl had had more friends. b) ros~. c) July 4 1776. d) conservative. You say: al You 're always borrowing my phone. c. 4 Your friend asks to borrow your cell phone for the fifth time today. d) Cuba Answers: d . c. c.. al year. become independent? a) July 4 1789. h) Moscow... Answers: c.. a. a) had m ore careful. d. d. c.S. al Riga. bl You always borrow my phone. c) the Romans. d) July 6 1789 4 Which of these people used coins first? al the Lydians. b) Rhodesia. a) realist ic. h) respectable. c) Conservative. a. b) Tom Hanks. more money. d.. b... cl we were used to being cold. d) Kiev. 4 If you found a company. 4 Which of these di d the French philosopher Descartes say? al I think.

or $55. d) Australia 4 ($40.000) 6 "-- ""ection A score = q English grammar (out of $250. we've made it a bit 'aSler.OOO.000) a) Republican b) Social Democrat c) Conservative d) Labor 6 ($55. ($55. d) She was blond. Politics and cutture. therefore I am. c) She has dark eyes "' ($40.000) a) Argentina b} Venezuela c) Bolivia d) Cuba Section C score =___ (out of $250.000) a) have more friends b) had had more friends c) was more friends d) will have more friends ~ D Geography and history 1 ($30. If you don't reach '. Please note: the only prize is $1 . 5 ($55. ~ng to the Ie~ of diffi ~ulty. Section D score = (out of $250.000.($30 . therefore I was.000) a) we used to be cold b) we are cold c) we were used to being cold d) we were cold 4 ($40. d) I think. 1776 d) July 6th . But you must choose your category before you start t~:~~uiz. c) four years . S40. you will hear the answers. b) She had blond hair. at figure . d) You never borrow my phone. you lose everything! 4 5 6 Divide into teams of four or five.000) 1 ($30. '789 b) July 5'".000) a) Tom Cruise b) Tom Hanks c) Johnny Oepp d) Marlon Branda 2 ($30. 1776 c) July 4 th .0001 But .000) a) the Lydians b} the Greeks c} the Romans d) the Aztecs 5 ($55.000) a) year.. b) She has black eyes.OOO) a} earn it b) spend C Politics and culture it c) make it d) do it d) She has gray eyes. Vi choose ONE of the categories (English vocabulary..000.000) a) red b) white c) green d) blue 2 ($30. '-. Check your answers and add up your score (honestly!).000) "--1 ($30.000.000) a) You're always borrowing my phone. At the end of each category. 2 3 ( '1e aim of the quiz 15 to answer enough questions correctly to w in a f1i11lon dollarsl Each question has a prize of $30.000) a) you start it b) you close it 'c) you discover it d) you work for it 5 ($5S. If you get all the Jestion ~ yOU will win $1.000) a) July 4· .000) a) Riga b) Moscow c) Minsk d) Kiev 6 ($55.000) a) She used to have blond hair.000) a) Guatemala b) Japan c) Chile d) Bolivia 3 ($40.($55.000) a) had more careful b) am more careful c) had had more careful d) had been more careful ($55. Geography and history) as your 'oker'" .000) a) pink b) rose c) red d) white 2 ($30. d) five years.000) Section B score = _ _ _ (out of $250. Then you must agree on an answer in your team. c) You do borrow my phone.K .this means that you can double the money you w in fo r that ~e category. c} I thought.($40. b) three years . therefore I am . b) You always borrow my phone. 1789 4 ($40. Circle the answer.000) a} She has brown eyes. b} I'm thinking.~(:) ~(:) (j WAJff T(:) WIN r ~ ~ I 11 C9 im Rules .000.000) a) realistic b) respectable c) pure d) conservative a) drop out b) stop c) leave d) join '. Look at the categories and choose your joker. You will hear each question twice.000) a) I think.000) Fame and fortune . therefore I be.000. 3 ($40. At the end of the quiz.000) a) have b) am having c) had d) will have 2 ($30.000) a) New Zealand b) the USA c) the U. English 91'8 r.000) a) Burma b) Rhodesia c) East Pakistan d) Ceylon 3 ($40. add up your total score to find if you have won a million! A English vocabulary "-. c} She was used to having blond hair.

then discuss them with your partner. loo? Note the spelMng in the negative and question forms: use 10 3 I wish I h a d paid (pay) more attentiorl when I was at school. to01 Negative: We didn 't We used to walk to school.. Regret about something in the past: We used to visit the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New York. We didn't have a vacation last year. Actions Situations We used to live by the ocean. The children used to go swimming fM3rY day. We form short answers with did: Did you use to see her evety day? Yes. But note that we don'. I used to smoke. use used to for a single action in the past or for the recent past: Fo.ng verb + complement or noun goi1g to bed early. 2 We become a partner founctlstatt a company open a factory ( a store work for a company 4 I was used t used to the heat when I lived in Texas..LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 used to + verb 3 Regret s (I wish I lf only) u." Affirmative: Complete these common regrets with the simple past or the past perfect of the verbs in parentheses. it wasn't a problem. -+ ./ Fo. use to take the bus. We can often use the simple past in place of used to: We used to live by the ocean. children. about habits. X We visited the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New YQrl(. If 0f'IIy / I wish + past perfect for things we regret about the past: I left school at 16.. 00 you have these regrets. - Fo... (can) change my appearance. We Irve in a smaI apartment. but he quit. I did. If only / I wish I used to watch 7V aN day yesterday. working hard. We use be + used to to say that we are or were accustomed to something. actions. money: money ( an investment earn money ( a (goodIbad) salary spend ( save money lend money (to someone) ( borrow money (from someone) waste money I win money ( lose money pay cash I by credit card ( the check I the fare ( for a ticket Answer these questions. 4 If onty' I hadn't spent (not spend) SO much money last week! 5 I wish I could 2 be + used to + noun/-ing verb u. fact I was used to getting up early when I was at school. -+ I wish we didn't live in a small apartment. ~ I wish I had a job. . COld weather. I wish you had come to the party. = something that I was accustomed to. 1 I used to \eave ( drop out of ( quit college ( school / a team graduate from college/school / ent shopping last Saturday." Subject + be used to used to -. If 0f'IIy / I wish + simple past for things that U. work aUin a college ( a company ( a factory ( a school ( a store accept ( turn down a job offer / money Unil2 Fame ond fortune . Vocabulary Summary 1 M o n ey Common verb-noun combinations concerning make I travel a lOt for my work so I'm used to spending time on planes. We use used to + verb to tal<. Habits we regret or desilJ about the present: I don't have a job. )( I watched 7V aD day yesterday. I wish I had (have) mora time! I'm so busy! 2 If only I hadn't argued (not argue) with my last boyfriendlgirtfriend. = past habit./ + past perfect: If only I hadn't eaten so much. 3 My dad sed to smoke was used to smokJng. en'l used / / didn't use /0 getting up earty. Question: Did you use to walk home. ! No. wish we had had a vacation last year. Be careful not to confuse the past form of this w ith used to + verb: I used to get up early when I was at school." Regret about something in the present: If only / I wish + simple past: If only I knew the answer. / We lived by the ocean. -+ 1 wish I hadn't left school at 16. I wish I had more money. 1 Have you ever made a goodIbad investment? 2 When did you last spend a 101 of money? \>\'hat did you buy? 3 INhen did you last borrow money from a friend ( the bar*? 4 Have you ever won any money? How much? 5 How do you usually pay the check in a restaurant? I'm John wasn't Peler isn't We were 2 School and careers Choose the correct completion. . Of situations in the past that are not true or do nol happen now. I didn't..

z - C!) Informal e-mails 1 Using e-mail Have you ever had to read or send e-mails in English? Tell your partner about it. Fame and fortune Un1l2 . use an English spell checker if you can! PLAN I> Your action plan: making key pals It is possib~ to make friends on the Internet by sending e-mails to one Of two people on a regular basis.. Wi ll you guys be there? Can I come to stay with you for a couple of days? Would be great to see you again . Note: You will need to discuss what you have found with a classmate at the end of Unit 3. g 3 Replying to an e-mail a How is writing an e-mail different from writing a standard letter? Make notes.J. Friends: first names. . informal greeting.) .. If you've never sent any e-mailsin English. Some great people in my office and I've made a couple of good friends through the gym where I work out. Does it tell you anything you didn't mention? A big hug. r Anyway. I Hi Annie. ogain/ ..J o Cl.. ~ luerenl surnames so /p.J > L. Imagine you are Annie or Paul and write a reply to the e-mail from Terry above.rom' ~ TO: ~~ b C you know? Informal : colloquial language (Hi I a big hug / etc. okay? Take care and say hi to Paul. abbreviations (Glad to . These people are called "key pals". E-mails often don't use complete sentences.. or sometimes no greeting. but that slowly got better. There's usually a short. 1 subject of the e-mail a 2 close the e·mail and say goodbye i 3 give information about the writer e Thanks for your e-mail. ~ has I b Compare your ideas with the advice on the right about writing informal e-mails. 1 Is this a formal or informal e-mail? How do o -' L. An.J. . Really good to hear from you again. and met a really nice guy here too! :-} e 7 give a reason for closing the e-mail g 8 say heHo b 9 ask for inforrnaHon from the reader d c Would the order of ideas be the same in your language? Discuss in pairs. I'm thinking of coming to the States this summer . Match these descriptions with the letters in the text. find out about different cultures and practice your English at the same time! Find out about how to make key pals by usjng a search engine and entering the words key pais + EFL. d.. By using the Internet you can make friends from allover the world.San Francisco first week in August.. h Write back and let me know about the summer. talk about your action plan from page :: ~ Di: t: 15 and say what you have done about it. ~ . Words are sometimes abbreviated or emoticons (symbols) are used. first names. Vllhat do you think would be difficult about writing them in English? ~<J REVIEW Review your actio n plan from Unit 1: using your dictionary In pairs. Even though an e-mail is often a more informal way of communication than writing a letter. wasn't). Oh. Be sure to reply to all the infonnation and questions she asks. d So when will you fin ish? And how about Pau l? Is he still working at that department store? 4 dlange the subject to another topic f 5 ask the reader to respond J do something h 6 thank the reader c life in Germany is a lot of fun now but things weren't so easy at first.- _nl. Finally. Be careful to avoid misunderstandings by using enough words to make your meaning clear.aven't seen each other for a while a sutpl Wx £u1 a Ie&.exhausting.. Terry c Put your knowledge of writing infonnal e-mails to the test. Lots of work to do so gotta go. :::J 2 Organizing an e-mail a Read the e-mail and answer the questions. d In pairs. Glad to hear your degree is gOing well. :. e-mails in a business environment may be much more formaL And you still need to read over your e-mail before you send it. Remember to match your style to [he writer's style. b Ideas in e-mails are usually organized in some order.oba bly not related.) 2 What is the relationship between the w rrter and the reader'? Find informaHon in the a-mail to justify your answer. Can you help improve you r partner's message? Informal e-mails are very different in structure from more formal letters. I wasn't used to the culture or speaking German all day . compare your e-mails. slill imp ly th a l lhey h.

but cel/phones have changed a lot since thot time. Answer the (!uestions. used for essential arrangements. however. Add /l il y other ideas you had in Exercise l a.1 Reading skills a Look althe pictures of phones. except for those times when the kids call because they want a ride home from a late night party! 4 Problems with celillhones This does not mean that cellphones are all good news. is the potential health problem they bring: there are fears that radiation from t he phones may cause brain tumors. answering services and hands-free use for years. Wri le in the correct paragraph headings. text messaging. The first commercial ceHphone system was developed by the Japanese in 1979. The early cellphones were big and heavy but they have developed into small and light palm-sized models. they still don't know where their child ren are. They have made everyday life easier but noisier. call forwarding. Th ey have made it easier to call for help on the highway or warn a colleague that you'll be late. discuss these questions. instant access to the Internet and receiving and send in g photos. but now the re are countless new facilities. They have made it possible to keep in touch with people "on the move" . Advantages 1 in everyday lifo 2 in the work place 3 for the family 4 other Disadvantages _ they are noisy can call for help on the highway - Cell phones and the family Probloms with cell ph ones Co llphonos at work Cc llphones in everyday life The history of the ce ll phone d In grou ps. There have been huge developments in their functions. and have you ever seen such huge phone bills? More serious. 2 Cell phones in everyday life Cellphones have become ve ry co mmon in ou r lives: recent statistics suggest as many as one in three people on the planet now have a cellphone. such as streaming video. In the United States. why do yo u need it? If you do n 't have a cell phone. Of course. social contact and for business . Th is may be a time bomb waiting to happen to you nger people who have grown up with cellphones that they simply can't live without! GLOSSARY palm the ins ide of the hand a lime bomb something lhat is likely to have a sudden and bad effect in the future ___ Unit3 RU connected? . but not mentally: with the help of call forwarding the employee is always at the end of the "phone line". (Be careful : there is one heading too many. too: we have had caller ID.when you're traveling. w ould you like to have one? Why? I Why not? 2 Can you imagine li fe wit hout cell phones? How wo uld it bo d ifferen t? cellphones the facts 1 The histo ry of the cellphonc Believe it or not. someth in g that is becoming a freq uent occu rrence. they also mean you can escape the workplace physically. They have brought with them a number of new headaches for t heir owners: it costs a lot to replace stolen phones. h Read th is Internet articl e on cell phones. cel/phones have been around for over a quarter of a century. Ameritech set up the first system in 1983. and most of them say they couldn't live without one. However. 1 How did the invention of the telephone change our lives? 2 How have cell phones changed O Uf lives? Muke a list of their ad vantages and di sadvantages.) c Complete tho table with ideas fro m the article. 1 If yo u have a cell phon e. Cell phones have eased the worries of millions of parents when their teenagers are out late: they can now contact their children at any time. 3 Cell phoncs and the family Cellphones have made communication easier and have reduced the need for family arguments! We can use cellphones to let our family know we'll be late or if there's a sudden change of plan or an emergency. They are used in every area of ou r lives and have become a necessary tool.

Objectives Grammar Topic: cell phones Pronuncicmon present perfect simple.-. Wilson. phone . write the title RU connecled?on the boord. Answer'S Advantages 2 In tho workplace 3 For the . text.-. brain. Ask students to read tho text quickly and match the headings in Exercise lb. '-- Disadvantages With call forwarding. and there are likely 1 0 be a lot more. but ot:MousIy some drivers use their phones a lot. the cellphone. tho employee is always at the end of the phone line Can warn a colleague that you'll he late Fewer family arguments Can let our family know when wo'll be late Parents can contact children at any time family 4 Other Costs a lot to replace stolen phones Huge phone bills Radiation may cause brain tumors Divide the class into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l d . The United Kingdom was one of the most recent. Mr. . we understand thol there is now deor evidence !hot the use of cellphooes by drivers increases the risk of traffIC accidents. the CD player on the board and see if students can predict what the topic of this lesson will be.. IntQrviewer How many drivers do you think aduolty use !heir cellphones while driving? Wilson WeD. write the Internet. Ask students in pairs or grOlips 10 decide which they think is lhe most important invention and why. leaving plenty of room to add ideas from the text and from the list the class made in tho preceding discussions.'-...Interviewer The chances of on occident are four times greatC!' .. there ore fines of up 10 a thousond dollars and even imprisonment hlief .and there is some discussion 01 nationcllfNeI... the CD player. since and for question intonation Reading an Inlernet article Ustening an interview Speaking discussing use of cellphones Write on lhe board: the Internet. This text contains a number of compound nouns. Ask students whot thaI means lanother way 10 write il: Are you connected?1 and what it might mean. lief . The evidence suggests that you ore four times more likely to have a crash when using your cell phone while driving . A: cell. InfeI . ills.. a lederal police spokesperson.-. and the punishments can be very strict..iewer And what is the situation hC!'e in Ihe Stales? Wilson Not much has happened here.. many countries hove banned Ihe use of ceHphones while driving.ieYter Do you feel we now hove enough evidence 10 make laws banning the use of a cell phone while driving? Wilson I think we do_ We've got very stricllows on drinking and driving.. the foct is thot the number of accidents fNery year has increased enormously since we started using ceflphones about 25 years ago. Which invention does the class think is the most important? As on alternative. If no answers are forthcoming.. Hove them find the compounds in the text and check the meaning of the words. Set a time limit of five minutes. message. time. Only two slates have banned the use of cellphones while driving . line. for example. For Exercise 3 page 27 ~ I. but we are way behind many othC!' countries. really.iewer And do these countries enforce the laws? Wilson Oh yes. Ask students to copy the table in Exe rcise lc on to a separate pi ece of paper. RU connected? T 26 Unit 3 . In Poland. JVSl now dangerous are celtphones? Wilson Well. so why not introduce laws on talking on the phone and driving? In fact. Write the following two lists on the board and ask students to match a word from A to a word from B 10 make a compound noun. Afterwards. phone Vocabulary _n B: bomb. Answers will vary. Thon olicit answers from the class and build up a list of advantages and disadvantages on the board... Introduce !he topk 1 Reading ski lls Put studellts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 18 brieny. Hove a brief class discussion. tumor. but there are around 50 countries n<:JW that hove decided 10 make it ~legal 1 use your 0 cellphone <Mlile driving. our figures estimate that irs around 85% -that me::lns of course that about 85% of cellphooe 0NnerS use their phaoes at some painl while they're driving.. in the lost few years.. refer students to the Glossary.New York and New Jersey ...---------.-. the eel/phone.-------. teo iIieww In the studio is Mike Wilson..thers horrifying! Wilson Yes..

[n Exercise 4c. Each group leader has to ask the questions ond prompt other students to express their opinion. Do the I1rsl Iwo as a class as examples to get students shuted.- periect Common probktms and errors Mony languages use the simple present 10 refer to a situation thol slarled 01 a given point in the pas! and slill continues. Ask students to listen for intonation patterns and trace the intonation arrows with their fingers as they hear the questions. 3 Listening skills Prepare for the listening exercise by asking the class whal they th ink of using cell phones while driving. ~- 5 Speaking skills Divide tho class into grou ps of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise 5. ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3a . Next. A good Wa. He/she has to join in. Ask students to ngure out the rules for question intonation in English and com plete the sentences toget her. Ask Do YO ll think lIsing cel/phones while driving is dangerous? Why? Do yOll tl!ink it should be JxmllCcI? Have students discuss this briel1y with a partner. is to assign "speaking roles: DMde the closs into groups 01 lour. Ask students 10 choose the correct answer in Exercise 2c and then check in pairs before going through Ihe answers as a class.. Tell Sludent A in each group he/she is the group [eoder. Go around moni1oring and prompting students. guide. Then ask two or three individuals to repeat. since and for I-Iavo students work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise Za about the example sentences in the taxt. where English uses the present perfect This frequently causes errors. and afterwards ask for a show of hands to sec how many students in class sa id yes to each question. I've lived in Rio &~fe f9( three years.. modeling the inlonation patterns carefully. Allerwards. move your hand in an upward arc or downward arc to illustrate the in tonation patt ern studen ts should be trying 10 produco.e in Rio since 1985.. Ask sl ud cnts 10 work in pairs 10 malch/orand sillce 10 the time ex pressions in Exerdse 2b.j to menage the activity above. We use the present perfect tense to totk about aclioos or stales thol began in the past and ore continuing now. . and similar activities. Now play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and chock their answers. Write these on the board. Pause the recording allor each question and ask Ule whole class to repeat. How long ~ hove you lived in Rio? Another common error is using the present perfed for a finished even! in the recen t post with a lime marker.<e qRisCtefi /unch ten minutes ago. I #. As students ropeal. play the audio a second lime. Allow five minutes for discussion. Play the audio again for Exercise 4b. The oudioscript for Track 11 is on page T26 ~ 1 Do you hove 0 cellphone? 2 How long have you hod your cellphone? 3 Do you ever send lext messages? 4 Who do you normally text? Jnit 3 T 27 RU connected? . / RS'. I·hlvo students work in groups offour to practice the questions in Exerc ise 4d."lck to the class. ask st udents to work in pairs 10 mark the correct intonation. . go over the answers with the class. but olso listen and toke notes. If needed. Answers will vary. We also use it 10 discuss experiences in our lives and recently completed actions.t ·· ~ Quick grammar 2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. tracing tho intonation patterns they hear. - Students make errors with time markers cnd questions. Sludent B is the secretary. and then ask a few volunteers to report b. Encourage the class to mimic yom hand gestures. 4 Pronunciation skills: question intonation Play the audio for Exercise 4a . [t is their job to report whotthe group soid to the class at the end of the activity.

commercia l ce llphone.000 4 drivers in Poland can r~cedtv~ ~ h . Who do you normally text? - ---.. h· S ..!!IL.E'a Listen to the intonation in theso questions. . k of having an aCCident IS _ 1 the n s . d In groups. In groups.. 1 11 Have you sent a lext message today? .iP'. 1 Do you have a cellphone? 2 How long have you had your cell phone? 3 Do you ever send text messages? 4 -..-.' . discuss these questions. e use since with a period of time I~ ~ b tile past. Listen to the questions and repeat them.(fave ) ~ exi ed or since 1963. b Listen to the interview with Mr. 1. .----- .used cell phones for ~ ~ -w since the late 1970s. Before you listen.. t h east ten mlllUles t IS mornmg I S . 4 times greater if .2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. b When did th is happen? 4 ~ . Mark the correct intonation on these examples . ever had an accident while talking on a cell phone? 3 Do you think the government should also ban the use of cell phones in public places? \Ii' Taiiz and D rive: the facts Resear ch shoWS tha t : . 85.' U hone.... 5 Phone ave aever ha never hCld so many feat ufCs as ey 0 a ay. and for 1 .. 4.. h banned using a ceU one p 50 countries ave 3 aroun d ----while driving. ... tn on y _ RU connected? Unil3 . Complete the rules about question intonation bolow. dollars for p ..000.. 4 ~:S . a police representative. or has anyone you know. In wh-queslions the voice usually goes down..~ a poiat in the past. the British have banned /~he use of cell phones while driving. shou ld the government ban it? 2 Do you talk on the phone whi le you drive? Have you.... 85 percent. Wi lson and check your answers.. --~=~a Is you r cellphone on now? b Why? I Why not? --. How many peop le in the class said yes to each "a" question? 5 Speaking skills 1 3 Listening skills a You are going to listen to an interview with Mike Wilson.. onlO f llphones while driving . S my last bIrthday 1995 c Choose the simple past or present perfect. 50. 1 What tense is the verb in each sentence? jJresent perfect 2 Is the action or situation in each sentence fin ished? no 3 Which sentence focuse s on a sit uation up 10 now? cellphones have been a ro und . ask and answer the q uestions in Exercise 4c. b Who did you send ii1'o'? 2 a Have you paid a cell phone bill recently? 3 a Have you ever felt irritated by-~-cell phones? b How much did you pay? - .. In yesi llo questions the voice usually goes .-i "' dco 7. about the dangers of talking on a cell phone while driving.. Is " ta lk and drive" a danger in your country? Has your government introduccd laws about it? If not.... the driver IS usmg a ce p their cellphone while 2 the number of drivers who use . fine of up to 1. S .. ban against the use 0 ce 5 ~erells a 2 state(s) in the U. c b Do we use since or for with these time expressions? S F S F Thanksgiving two years last night 25 years F .. _ 2 T (l apanes~-ve-u .. 4 Choose the correct words: We use fo r With€·o. Answer the questions. read the fac t sheet below and try to fill in the blanks with these fi gufCs: 2. since and for 4 Pronunciation skills: quest ion intonation a Look at the parts in italic of the first two sentences in the article. The cellphone revolution(fegai'D/ llas begun in tho 1970s. or since if necessary. 6 Peopl4 a ve IIse?J IIsed cellphone® since about 25 years now. h dn Vlng IS . g whIle n vtng. 3 In 2003 ..

. I realize an hour has passed and I am late for wo~ again. I even buy my groceries online. b) Yes. b) Okay.to check my e-mail or to do . work out your partner's score and read the analysis. I've started dating one of them... c) No problem. 5 How often have you spent three hours or b) I get to work early so I can have some more on the Net? time alone to surf the Net and chat.. you? a) I've never been online.. I use the Internet... c) I go online most da~.Netizens Speaking skills a In groups. 7 How do you feel if you haven't checked yo' e-mail or been in a chat room one day? '---"" a) Not good . I might spend a couple of b) online.. I can always go online tomorrow. information... In fact. Many people are spending longer amounts of time online. t hardly spend any time on the c) I only log on when I need the Internet for Intemet.. Now take the quiz. but for practical purposes . It's too dangerous. If I need to find some a) in real life. studies.. Are you addicted to the Internet? 1 Which of these is closest to your morning routine? a) I always log on at home. Is your answer still the same afterwards? b Ask your partner his or her answers to the qlliz. I've never spoken to a stranger online. c) Only occasionally. a) Never.. and social lives.. c) in real life but I've lost touch with a lot of friends since I started surfing the Net. but we still haven't met face-toface.. Who is more addicted to the Internet. often anyway. won'b) Regularly! I usually spend at least two hours a day surfing..some research. note them down and discuss Ulem. you or your partner? Look at page 149. Do you agree? 6 7 8 9 10 Internet addict or Internet phobe?. b) I spend more and more time online andY don't see my friends very often. of course. 1 Have you ever surfed for more than three hours online? When? Why? 2 Has your computer ever gotten a virus from the Internet? When? What happened? 3 Have you ever taken part in a chat room? Who did you "chat" wi th? What abo ut? 4 Have you ever downloaded files from the Internet? What kind of files? 5 Have you ever sent an attachment? What did it contain? Do you receive a lot of attachments? What are they about? b Who is the most "connected" in the group? 1 Vocabulary: the Internet Match the words and phrases with lhe correct definitions. I could be missing something.it's simply not safe! bJ I haven't been in a real store in over a year. lots of people. 3 Where do you do most of your shopping? a) In stores. So how about you? 00 you have your Internet use under control? Take this quiz and find out.. T 4 Have you ever met anyone over the Internet? a) Yes. '- Unit3 RU connected? ..--. The Internet is rapidly replacing TV as the most popular form of home entertainment... and in some cases this has had a negative effect on their work. online " " ~ a spend time online looking through Web sites surf ~ b connected to the Internet a virus c a computer file sent with an e-mail message a chat room d information that you store under a particular name log onloff e move information from the Internet to a computer crash f disconnected from the Internet offline g start/finish using a computer system downloa h when a computer or program stops working suddenly a file a Web site people lise for exchanging messages an attachment a program that enters your computer and damages or destroys information 1 2 3 4 5 3 Reading skills a Do new developments in information technology affect your life? Which of these phrases best describes you? I'm an Internet addict. but it doesn 't affect my life. I have an Internet phobia. c) No. I'd never buy anything over the Net . I don't use the Intemet th. c) I've never tried e-shopping but I think it's a good idea . hours looking online.. discuss these questions.. 6 Which of these descriptions is closest to . 2 I have more friends . I don't have access to the Intemet.

After ooe minute ask 0 each group how mony words they thought of. Ask stu dents to take the quiz indi vidually. quickl y Rsk for a show of hands from the class to see how many chose each phrase. if they connot. chocking for difficulties in understanding the tex t. with. ask a student 10 explain the question or. using examples you think students would understand. Divide the closs into groups of lour. . After each question is read aloud. 2 Speaking skills Give students a few minutos to read the questions in Exercise 2a . Circulate among students. Write the following phrases on the board: I'm addicted _ I'm obsessed _ using Ihe Inlernel I'm not inleresled_ I'm worried _ Ask students to tell you what the miSSing prepositions are Ithe answers in order: 10. write new vocabulary on t ho board. Introduce !he topk 1 Vocabu lary: th e Internet Ask students to work in pairs to match the words and defini tions. poraphrase the question yourself in terms students will more likely understand . think about thoir answers. Examples: He was a drug addiel who bought his narcotics on the slreel. You may also want to review the pronunciation of each of these words wi th students. Then ask Ask students to tal k to a parlner and find out their answers to lhe questions in Exercise 3a .oy being in a small. Then ask them to d iscuss the questions in groups of four to six. She has claustrophobia and does nol en.not on the phone or tnternet VocabukJry - Have students do the tasks in Exercise 3b . Teillhe groups thallhey hove one minute 1 write down all the words connected with this topic they (on thinl: of. hove students WOI'k in small groups to discuss their answers to rhe questions. lose touch with (friendsl '" not see. Elicil their answers and write their list of words Ofllhe board lor if you prefer. oboun. students which phrase/s) describe them. see (someone) directly I in the Hesh . If needed. in.Objectives Vocabulary the Inlernet Topic: the Internet Reading Writing writing a magazine quiz ·char Write Computers and the In/ernet on the board. speak to. Afterwards. crowded room. If the questions in exercise 2a seem difficult for learners. and write notes. ask volunteers from each group 10 come up and simulloneously write their lisls on the boordl. having thom repeat after you. Write these definitions on the board if students are having trouble understanding the text that uses them. or write to friends any longer dote (someane) '" arrange to meet someone that you are aHracted to meet (someone) face-to-face". hove a volunteer read aloud the questions to the whole claSS.Vocabulary lead-in 3 Readi ng ski lis Elicit the meaning of addictlsomeane who con't stop doing on activity) and phobia Iteatl. RU connected? T 28 Unit3 . There are a few words and phrases in the text thot you may wish to check. At this point. working with the same partner as before.

Remind students to chock the Glossary fo r unfamil iar terms. set the scene by asking a few questions: In an online chat. Before asking students to read the chat in Exercise 4c in pairs. Ask students to work in pairs and foll ow the instructions in Exercises 4d and 4e. invite your partner /0 0 party ask for help with homework ask about your partners weekend plans talk about football ask about your porlner's family ask about a topic of your choice Have each pair perform one of the above tasks when chaning. Write the following list either on the board or on individual cords Ihat you con hand out to pairs at random. Answers will vary. Ask students if they can give you examples or lhe kind of abbreviations and language they use in their own language when texting or chatting online . what ore handles? What are the handles of the two people chatting? What are they clwtting about? Ask students 10 rewrite the chat in stondard English. -. telephone number.4 Writing skills Ask students to work with a different partner to discuss the questions in Exercise 4a.Itemotive Additional acIIYIIy Hold a closs discussion on Internet safety. Ask Whot are some potential dangers of on online chot? Is it a good idea to share personal informah'on (name. monitoring and h elping with idoas. Move aro und the room. address) with a stranger online? Why? Why nat? Unit 3 T 29 RU connected? . You could provide some 'framework' for the choning by giving each pair a lask to perform.:ercise 4b. Then ask students in pairs to match the techniques and examples in fu.

then probably sleep in afternoon Angel with a halo says: 101 Dancing and singing says: n u Angel with a halo says: shopping! Dancing and singing says: (0_0) u shd be studying Angel with 0 halo soys: yeah 101 gotto go ttyl Dancing and singing says: yep bfn :) Angel with a halo says : cu 18r bye :* Emoticons :_0 = scared :( :: worried._ 3 abbreviations 4 'bil C U ellips is (leaving out unnecessary words) ~ gonna buy a c diane can you come saturday d :-) (a smile) e have to go .-0'" Dh . 6 Continue chatting untit you decide to stop . Can you understand it? (Usc the glossary to help you if necessary. (See Exercise 4b.talk later f cool ! wicked! lSr 5 slang 6 emoticons -. and chatters use d ifferent techniques to talk online.'V 4 Writing skills VVV V a in pairs. shd = should Ie = I see I I understand btw "" By the way n U :: And you? bfn = Bye for nolV ttyl = Talk to you later '-- d You arc going to "chat" with your partner. e Look at your cha\.. GLOSSARY From: To: Angel with a halo says: how r u Dancing and singing sa ys: im good u Angel with a halo says: good 2 what u been up 2 Dancing and singing says: not much . Can they understand your conversation? RU conne<:ted? Unit 3 .::::= c Read this chat between two friends .) Try reading the dialogue aloud with a partner. answer these ques tions. annoyed. 4 Pass the paper to your partner.-) = a wink :-< = sad Abbrevi ations cu lar : See you later. Follow these steps. which they call ·'handles". no! (0_0) = shocked :* = a kiss . Chat is like a mixture of speaki ng and writing. 101 = laughing out loud ru ok= Are you ok? 2day = today cld = could. Use the glossary to help you and remember to use abbreviations and ellipsis. Match the techniques on the left with the exam p les of chat. 5 Write your handle and the next comment on the piece of paper you now have and pass it back to your partner.. 1 What do you know about chatting online? 2 Do you have any "online" friends? Have you ever wrillen to a stranger onli ne who has become a friend? b Chatters normally have n icknames.) 3 Write your handle and your fi rst comment. or really thinking :-):: a smite .:-:============~~~:::::::::::.studying Angel with a halo soys: what 4 Dancing a nd singing says: exam in 2 weeks Angel with a halo says : :( Dancing and singing says: oh yeah! Btw u going 2 j's party fri Angel with a halo says: no gotta study :-< Doncing and singing says::( u looking forward 2 weekend? Angel with a ha lo says: sure what u doing? Doncing ond singing says: football gome sal.::~2 :::::::=:--. 2 Choose your "handle". 1nol much punctuation g~ 2 informallangU~~' :~===~. 1 Find a piece of blank paper. Change anythi ng that you wanl to and then pass the paper to another pair.

Talk 1 Speaking skills a lnp' iscuss these si'uati 1 You 've just broken II . on Ihe street bOJ"o ~ people to talk to th ~LO.perhaps the most frantic time of day at the most hectic place in the busiest dry in the country. Liz Barry and Bill Wetzel have just settled into 5 two chairs against a wall. . . ~~.It is evening rush hour in the Times Square su bway station . boYfriend/girlfriend P wah your 2 You are havin . Y problems. p eople do.col/Phones. " Taking a little rime 25 o ut from a busy schedule to talk to someone you've never met can change your wh ole outlook forever. for the n ext two hours. Barry and Wetzel figure that now. d 2 Reading skills a Road the artic/e Summary. has recently broken up with her parm er. "TALK TO ME. set up their sign and listened. is a good 30 time to Stop.c 1 BilJ and Liz arc strc psycholnoi I ." Barry and Wetzel came to New York only a year ago. Y leve it is tome "Taking a little time to talk to someone you've never met can change you Jorever. Dozens 10 of them.0 s s workill g On the B. but it's unlikely to be something as original as their "Talk to me" project! GLOSSARY frant ic busy. have discovered mat talking is highly therapeutic for New Yorkers. A middleaged man gives his 15 views on politics. 2 . use the be. after a year. 20 in large white letters. Ons. Amazingly. els of New Y ork. in their 20s. in chal Pportunilics 10 to do you think tha t la':ket~~I~I~o~~lain Ihal 'hC~::IO~~~~ ~~I y Jsa 10 talk 1o Ihompisls.I/ and Liz talk I try 10 help them s~l~eobl~ all tlie streets and J BilJ and Liz e t Cu problems en courage . J v: .Liz Barry NEWYORK (AP) . She hasn't gotten over it yet and sh e wants to talk. qUIckly. A young woman with purple hair. They still h aven't decided what to d o n ext. but they have already h eard m ou sands of stories like these. Two 17year-Qld girls talk about their science class. 0 do yo u talk lo? OUr SCi ence BIl'S. Choose Uw best talk lo? au have m OIi C .> em th erapeulic. They have walked the streets and avenues. hurried hectic busy fu ll f d ' 0 actIVity ozens a la~e number ( one dozen .". near tears. Who do yo u taU: to? class Wh 8 problems with y . Before them is a sign that reads." Liz Barry says.12) > > RU connected? . Liz and Bill. Who d o YOn b In OUr soc' lalk Jely we have a 101 of 0 peo I on .

to each other and to 0 listen. our shaes have even been stolenl Interviewer Really? Uz Yeah. they might tell us to move on. We've tried 1 explain. We hod same money to start with. dealing with customers 01 work. buying something in a store. RU connected? T 30 Unil3 .. build up a IIsl of their answers. but we have been insulted by drunks. Bill. Answers will vary. you remember Estela. sure. so we manage. settle into. "rm just being friendly"" and then we talk. Remind students to check the Glossary fo r any unfamiliar vocabulary. asking for help on the street . Ask students. really. they way they've grown up and settled down. But there's a very nice lady we know who gives us a little money to I:.eep doing this. How have you been able to do this financially? Bill Well. they say. Introduce the topic Ask Is it easy for you fa talk to strangers? Why? Why nof? •• 1 Speaking skills Ask students to discuss the situation s and questions in Exercises 1a and lb in pairs. they think we're cops or researchers or weirdos or something .not yet. Afler 45 minutes he said. Interviewer So what have you learned from Talk to Me? Bill Well. Interviewer Yeah. Bill rye just spoken to a guy about how difficull it is to find work in New York. Yeah. how do you get people to talk? Bill Well. start to feel happy again set up = put in position Vocabulary 13~------------------------------------------------------. Interviewer One final question. she's been to see us three times already. anyway. but some people still hoven" learned to just toll:.asking for directions. Answer: Summary 3 The text contains a few phrasal verbs that you may wish to check. we've learned a lot about the way people work. thors right. Ihe oclor. "What are you doingr and I say. uh . "' could stand here and loll:. Bill No. skill? Uz Yeah.y. all day: Interviewer Have you ever had any hassle from the police? Uz Yeah. Uz And we've mode a lot of friends. though that's all gone now. In whol situations do we tolk 10 people we don't knoW? On the boord. 2 Reading skills Ask students to read the article and choose the best summary. we're very lucl:. but we haven't had any serious problems . Bill Yeah. She's become an old friend.. we've already had a little hassle from the cops. of course Uz Some people find It very difficult to listen.. People don't understand us at first. For Exercise 4 on page 31 ~ tnterviewer So.Objectives Grammar Topic: falking fa people Vocabulary verbs of talking Reading a newspaper article Ustening a discussion Speaking discussing problems adverbs used with the present perfect Write on the board folking to strangers. I simply ask them "how's your day?" tnterviewer And how do they react? Bill Well. Infefviewer So you think listening is on important . Suggested list: starling a conversation with strangers 01 a party or in a club. that's right. the way they date.: get comfortable in (a chair) break up = end 0 relationship get over".

or say in their own words. Before asking students to do Exercise 2c in pairs. Play the audio a second time for Exercise 4c. Briefly go over the answers with the whole class. Ask the question in Exercise 4d to the whole class and elicit answers briefly. and focus on understanding and rememhering what the speaker said. 5 Vocabulary: talk Ask students to try to explain the words in italics in Exerc ise Sa to each other first.it means "' expect this 1 happen in the fu ture: 0 Still is "negative" . Then point out that it is a pronoun that refers to the words Liz Bany Qlld Bill Wetzel in the previous line and that it is used because the writer does not want to repeat the people's names. Point to the pictures on page 30 and ask Wha! are they doing? Why? Put students in pairs. Go around the class and help. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with the present perfect For Exercise 3a . as in these examples: I have already done il. II's more fun! For example: complain = briefly oct out person complaining in Q store argument = move to and fro. is subtle: Yet is "positive" . Checking meaning As an alternative to translation. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise z d in small groups. and then ask them these check questions to make sure they are clear about the form rules: Which word goes at the end of interrogative and negative sentences? (yet) Which adverb is only used in negative sentences? (still) Which adverbs go between have and the past participle? (just. Ask students to check the things that have happened to Liz and Bill. Concentrate on the differences in form between the two words. ~I have finished. already) Which adverb can go between have and the past participle or at the end ofthe sentence? (recently) Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3b. Encourage the listeners to keep quiet while their partners speak.it means "This should have happened by now: Common problems and enors Students put the adverbs in the wrong position in the sentence. and then look astounded Ask students to do Exercise sb in pairs. and then ask them 10 read the questions in Exercise 4a and predict the answers. 4 Lead in Listening skills Set the scene by reminding students oboulliz and Bill. The difference in use. Answers will vary. Quick grammar guide: adverbs The key point is where the adverb goes in the sentence. I ~ hove finished.Let students decide on their answers to the questions in Exercise 2b in pairs before discussing them as a class. what their partner communicated. Set up Exer cise 3d by modeling two or three sentences about yourself. try miming the words ond having studenls guess. Encourage the listeners to paraphrase. This is not intended to be a conversation between the two partners but rather Speaker A and Listener B. honds on hips. Elicit feedback from the class to make sure students understand all the words. Typically. help students find and underline the adverbs. do the first as an example: Ask students to find them in line 5. the adverb may be ploced between have and the main verb or at the end of the sentence. The oudioscript for Track 13 is on poge T30 Pi. Then ask students to write their own sentences and read them aloud to a new partner. Unit 3 T 31 RU connected? . in the present perfect. OR I have done if already. pretending to be two people arguing gossip = pretend to whisper in someone's ear. with the present perfect The two English words still and yet present a prablem as they are often expressed by only one word in other languages. Ask students to liston and compare their predicted answers to the actual answers. Answers will vary. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. Then ask the groups to discuss the questions.

Life is stressfu l in a big ci ty . Answer the questions.it is therapeutic. 2 do (line 9) tnlk to them 5 these (line 20) stories J They've insultod someone who was drun k. recently e The action has happened.. non-s top city 80 people nonna lly have no time to ta lk. just b The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future.. Student B: Listen. d Complete the sentences to make true statements about yourself. Imagine you are Liz or Bill and answer 2 What type of people stop and talk to Liz and the interviewer's questions. . 3 Grammar: adverbs used with th e present perfect a Find these adverbs in the article: just.. yet." "It's okay. .) Student A: How good a Iistenor was your partner? When you have fin ished. what kind of tbings do you talk about? If not. what would you talk about? d Why do you think "Talk to Mo" is popular in New York? Suggested answers: New York is a busy. In a big ci ty. a The action happened in the immediate past. 3 I've just . then discuss the questions. 4 I've already . 5 Vocabulary: talk a In groups. (You don't have to use exactly the sarno words. Z I haven't . ." up with her partner 2 They've had sorious problems with the police. already. still. 5 How have you boon able to do Ihis fina ncially? 5 Do you think that Liz and Bill have gotten any benefits from their project? ~ b Listen to the interview and compare your answers with Liz and Dill's. very soon before the moment of speaking. she's stayed with us a few times recentlv . Student A: Choose a topic from 1-7 above..teenagers. 1 Have you ever complained about anything? If so." 5 "Have you seen Mary at all?" "Mary? Yes.!:!!!. what? Z Have you /rad an argument with anyone recently? What was it about? 3 Have you shouted at nnybody this week? If so. already c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 34. What do they refer ~ c Listen agBin. bu t listening. Find these words in the article. prepare to talk for exact ly one minute. 4 "['II feed tho dog bofore we go out." do next 5 They've made some fr iends . wi/hollt interrupting. recenliy. middle-aged men 1 How do you get peop le to talk? 3 How do we know that New Yorkers like talking? Z How do people react when you invite them to They have heard "thousands of stories. and doesn't need to be repeated. ['ve already done it." 6 They've made a lot of money. New Yorkers are ramous fo r heing talkative.. Then compare with a partner. d Discuss these questions. 3 them {line 10) people 6 it (line 30) what they 4 Someone has robbod them . Wh ich of these things have to? happened to Liz Bnd Dill? 1 them (line 5) and BJL it (line 17) breaking 1 They've spokcn to someone without a job . ." b Match the adverbs in Exorcise 3a with their meanings. and Bill. Student B talks for one minute. there a re a lot of lone ly people... you? 7 Do you ever gOSSip? If so. yet. why don'.." talk to you? 4 Why have Liz and Bill encouraged people to 3 Have you had any trouble with the police? stop and talk to them? They believe that it can 4 What lessons has "Talk to Me" taught you? c h a nge I. Note the way they are used and complete each sentence below with one of them. RU connected? Unil3 . who with and when? b Good communication is not only about speaking. . Are you a good listener? Try this activity. reverse your roles.coplo·s outlook . I've J. 4 Listening skills 1 What impression does the writer give of New a You are going to listen to an interview with Liz Yorl:: in the evening rush hour? It is very busy. and tben repeat what Student A said.. what made you shout? 4 Do you know anyone who boasts a lot"! Who are they and why do you think they noed to boast? 5 How do you persuade people to agree w ith you? 6 Do you ever discuss problems with your parents? If so. I still haveu 't found n joh.iI's good to talk. (used with questions and negatives) yet c The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. (used only with negative scntences in the present perfect) still d The act ion or actions happened not long ago. finished cooking dinner and we're about to eaL 3 "Any luck with work?" "No. 5 I've recently . 1 " Have you finished your homewerk ~?" "I haven't even started it ~ !" 2 1 can't talk now.~ '-- b Read the article again. 1 I still haven't . check the meaning of the expressions in italic. Bill? All typos . perhaps before expected. too.. 4 • 1 z How would people where you live react to "Talk to Me"? Would you stop and talk to Liz and Bill? Why? I Why not? If you did stop..

How good is your Web vocabulary? Match the definitions below with the words in the box. philosophers. b Read the Web gu ide on the right and recommend ono or more sites for the people below. "m E D c Unit 3 R conneded? U . Over 50 news stories categorized under headings such as crime. A page in a magazine that gives you information about Web si tes is a Web Kuide .liter!!nmet.humorlinks. is a Web site .bbe.updated each month -from the online magazine from Macmillan. cartoonists. from blues to rap.u kLmusi elJ iste n lots of online music from classical to jazz. including new vocabulary.org/ NPR is an American radio network with an extensive audio archive . political activists.bbc. If only I'd worked more on my listeningl I miss Pilar. mostly of the multiplechoice variety. musicians. environment and adventure. D I haven't done any studying for the reading comprehension test yet. She always cheered me up with her jokes. 3 A con nection between one Internet file and anoth er is (I link 4 The row of small pictures on the screen that you click on 10 perform particular acti ons is tho Icoluor . B.npr.1 Warm up a Tho World Wide Web has created a lot of weird and wonderfu l things. painters. 7 8 9 10 11 12 across the screen is the scroll bar . icon link FAQs Web guide toolbar Weh site Web browser search engi ne This week's Webguide~ A http :Lwww. or (j B http://www. A.(a.ukLbbcfau rL audiainterviewsL Hundreds of faScinating interviews with famous people from every walk of life: actors. A small pict ure on a computer screen that opens a program or performs an action is an icon A program that looks for information from many different Web pages is a search engjne .ca. Each story has a range of activities focusing on_ comprehension and vocabulary. 5 Tho long narrow line at the edge of the screen usod for movi ng information up. Questions that Int ernet users frequcntly ask are called FADs o http:)/www.000 links to humor Of every kind.an excellent source of authentic English. E http :lJwww. c httgJJwww. G http ~/ www.G . I failed my English test. ' Here you will see the funniest jokes and pictures from around the world. from American comedy to Australian cartoons.orz lennsf I F antastic site from CNN. A pago or document that you can read on a Web site is a Web paee . I wish she was here. organ ization. 2 A software program that finds and dis plays pages from the Internet is a Web browser. The un ique address of a computer or a document on the Internet is called a URL A place on the Internet wherc you find information about a particular subject. elc. I wish I knew more aboul Johnny Depp! I haven 'I read anything about him for ages. home-page URL Web page scroll bar 1 Tho plnco on the Internet that appears first on your com puter is your home page. anestapenglish_(om Here you will find listening activities . I just bought the new CD by The Darkness. they're my favorite rock band and I wish I could find more of their music. scientists and writers. You can listen to radio programs or select a range of special features . bound to fail it. down.com / Hilarious site bringing together over 7.

Read a loud the quotations by the people in Exercise lb. CJ Pronunciation guide URl/jual'el1 scrotl Iskroull Write on the board: Click on Find Choose Search Extension activity Then tell students that you have switched your computer on and you ore on your home page. I wish / if only a lecture Ustening a lecture Speaking designing a Web site Ask students a few questions about the Web to introduce the topic.Objectives Topic: the World Wide Web Writing Grammar Reading simple past. be used to doing. 0: Vocabulary irs almosl certain 10 happen 10 me exlensive == very large archive = collection or store hilarious = very funny RU connected? T 32 Unit 3 .. You may wont to check some of the difficult vocabulary items from the text and review their pronunciation. using the verbs on the board and computer words from exercise l a. but you wont to go on the World Wide Web to find out exactly how old the Earth is. used to a Web guide do. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing them with the whole class. Ask students to give you instructions 10 find Ihe information you wonl. Then ask students to skim the web gu ide all page 32 to find useful sites for the speakers. and then let them check with a partner before going through the answers as a class. When was the World Wide Web invented? How often do you use the Web? Whafdo you use it for? What is the most useful function of/he Web? 00 you have a home page? What's on if? Introduce the topic 1 Warm lip Ask students to match the words and definitions in Exercise la . cheer (someone) up 0: make someone happy I'm bound 10 .. Note the pronunciation: icon t alkonl FAQs fef el 'kjuzl t ..

Group organization Before doing the lask give each person in the group 0 role: Student A == group leader . the content: is the content rel iable? This is a key point because there·s a 101 of garbage out there in cyberspace. what about design? Are colors used to good effect? You often find colors make it more difficult to follow the site map. so the site should indicate very carefully and clearly exactly what is there_ The third point has to do with navigoti on. in this talk. up-to-date information. n a. "I wish Web sites were simple and easy to follow. We'll assume thai you don't write garbage.2 Task D iv i de stud ents into groups of four. and not too technical: and "I need to get the information I wont as quickly as possible. build up a list on the bo ard of features o f a good Web site. can the user tell what the Web site is about? You see.he/she has to ask the questions and make sure everybody contributes. Now ore there any questions so for? Unit 3 T 33 RU connected? . Ask stud en ts 10 com p l ete th e Jist i n Exer cise 6a and th e table in Exer cise 6b . T h ro ugh out Exer cise 4. trans p aren t navi gati on uncl uttere d d esign wit h clear text and good u se o f p ictures n ot to o m an y c ol ors or 100 many pic tures free of adverti sing. Many people I've spoken to obout Web design soy things like. With the Internet. 0 3 Prepare En courage each grou p to m ak e revi si on s to th ei r home page after comparing it to th e h ome page i n th e unit. how usable and transparent it is..with too many different secti ons ~ the page should look open. Second. A sk students 10 listen and say w hat points fro m exerci se 4c are m en t ion ed. and then go over the instruc ti on s in Exercise 2 with the cl ass.. .. incl udi ng ani m ated pop-u ps \? @ t t . so you don't gel lost and waste time trying to work out where to go nex\. so you don'l wont to use 100 many different colors. you want accurate. ask yourself the following five questions: First of all. but from the point of view of the user. A sk st ud ents to p rin t ou t their favo rite home p age. the site should be as free as possible of odverti sing ~ this is another form of garbage that the user doesn't want to see popping up atl the time and gening in the way of the information you real ly need. 5 Compare Pl ay the aud i o for Exercise 5. Fourth. reliable. a site mop. I'm going to give you the basic points so you can go ahead and design a usable ond attractive Web site. 7 Foll ow u p T hi s work s w ell as a homewor k task.it is their job 10 think of interesting and unusual ideas_ Studenl D '" group secrelary . if you wont your Web site to be easy to use. Today we're going to look at Web sites again. let"s begin. A n sw ers (extra points m enti oned on audio) reliabl e. So. Finally. an d th en present i t to the class i n a fu lure lesson. Design includes clear text and good use of pictures. and inviting. t T • 4 Feedbac k Ask one stud ent from each group to present thei r gro up's Web si te i deas . Repeat th e audio for Exerci se 5. so I like Web sites that have very clear links ond site mops: Well. but don·t use too many pictures or the download time will be too slow. accessible. By navigati on. I~ Okay. up-to-date conlent shows clearl y wha t is on Web site usable. the page shouldn't be cluttered . but even good content can be unreliable because it con go out of dole very quickly. lost week we looked at Web sites fram a designer's point of view. You want a fast download time. people need to know if the site is relevonlto them. Students Band C = the "ideas" guys . tmpartant navigation features are the toolbor. and links to other relevant pages. Also. I mean how we move around the site from page to poge. Now. Ask stud en ts to write d own an y ex tra point s men ti oned i n th e lecture to add 10 th e cl ass list on th e b oard. taking into aC(Qunt the needs of the surfer. T h en h ave th e class vote on th e b es t Web site.il is his/her job 1 make notes of all decisions and 10 report the ideas to Ihe class.. 6 Not ice Play th e audi o fo r exercise 5 again . and you easily get lost or waste time.

10 I!ASA + For Students FIND IT C NASA ' + AO'IANCED SEAJICIl _ 1:: .olLe accurate. up-ta-dato Content of this page. View Video EXPlORIPlG lliE UNIVERSE 09. You will need to site should have. In your groups. inviting.~ h Look at the home page from a Web site at the top Yet. on your list from Exercise 4c does the speaker 1 Who is the Web sile for? What are their interests? mention? 2 What "'ill the Web site contain? (Articles on ~ b Listen again and add any points the speaker things such as sports. etc.01... SAY 501 Rofgl. points? Design accessible.. Can you add any other not cluttored . HUMANS IN SPACf .. 5 Put your ideas into action .04 Station Spacewa lk Successful 09.09. List the main points about your Web site.Out Powwow + Read More + Read More + Photo Gallery 09.09.'0 . tips for mentions which are not on your class list. Second . . .. Fourth . How does the speaker list her 4 What makes a good Web site? Think of your points? Complete this list.. music. finally. Do you wan t to make any revisions to your Web site? 3 7 Follow up 4 Feedback a Present your idea for the Web site to the class and explain your home page. RU connected? .09. discuss these points @ a Listen to a lecture on Web desig n . rest of the class. -"-<' . Which points and then design the home page. Make notes on what is good about it and what could be improved. ~ a Listen again.04 Station Crew to Join Far. vote on the best Web site..04 Cassini t=inds New 2 Task You are going to enter a competition to create a Web b As a class..04 KSC Cleans Up After Frances 09.design the home page! b Notice how the speaker identifies the good points in Web sites. learning Engl ish: help with homework?) 3 What will appear on the home page? Think about 6 Noti ce text. science. a Choose a home page from a site you like and print it out. clear c Now go back to your list of poin ts.. important things a good Web site should have. and links.03." WOfy .~~ . favorite Web si tes and make a list of the five most First of all. The third point . Complete the table with positive Prepare adiectives and phrases about good Web design.. present the concept of tho Web site and the home page to the class and they will vote on the one they 5 Co mpare like the most.". trarll>pareut Navigation covered by this site.04 l atest on Genesis Probe + Read More . sito for your class..NA TIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMI NISTRATIO N + ABOlTT NASA -+ For Kids + NEWS & EVEHTS + MUlnM~DIA -+ POPUlAR TOPICS IF IT'S NOT SAFE. opon. ... b Present it to the res t of the class.. a You are going to report your group's ideas to the Listen to the lecture again if necessary. photos.09. and your group will have to c Make a class list of the features that a good Web design tho home page of the site. Web site . Check how many of your poin ts are usable.

... or something meal to the manager. I boasted ahout huw I won the competition . . I've aJroody fed the cat (so you don'. .y. need to do it). We tOOk an amazing cruise down the Pacific coast.. Can I go naN? yet . The errors can be in the present perfect itself or in the use of the adverb..to say somethlng has happened n the recent past I've been to the movies 8 101 recent. the sentences using a word from the table. more information.. already . web guide web site web browser search engine scroll bar to New York twice. Th en . and add more words of your own... e. discuss discuss something (with wmeone) Co.to sat that an actoo has not been done. • Recent actions or actions that we expect to do: I'vEI just had some coffee (a few nToutes ago).. I wetJI there last year.to ask atxxJt experieoces that have happened at least once up to now (question form onty) Have you ever been fa London? for .. PAST 1975 PRESENT tI Jack Slant W()(king for Ford.to ask whether an action has been done (Y to sat that an expected actiOn has not been done (question and negative form 00y) Have )OU called your mother yet? No. w e went to one last w eek .. He's just went out.. beErI.. since . in the simple past tense: I've been to Chile... about th e hotel room.g. 6 Fran neyer went skiing but she hopes to go next year.for actions completed earlier than expected I've already flf'lished aI the questOOs. recently . used for a particular point n time I haven't seen Simon since Monday. Note: In informal American English. we often go on to add ~. We've just cJeaned the catpet. 2 Don't wait for Janes. 3 I told everyone in the room about how I won the competition. Whi ch word from the table describes the situations below? Rewrr. In fact. Check the correct sentences and correct the wrong ones. too.ment with iT'" someone about something brother about his friend~ ~ persuade " " '.. usually with a specifIC time reference.to state how k)ng an action has been in progress... 1 The President has never been overseas. she hasn't bought a used car. Jack works for Ford • Experiences that we have had in our lives (at an unspecifIed time) and that we may have again: I've been to Chile. With this use of the present perfect. My sister has just Question: Have you ever been to New Itlrlc? Has she bought a used car? Negative: No. Fann We form the present per1ecl with the auxiliary verb have + a past participle.. bought.... 4 Did Amanda tell you all about Mary's new boyfriend? Did Amanda gossip about Mary's n ew bo yfri end? 5 Iwas unhappy about the hotel room and I told the manager. I haVen't called her yet because the phone isn't working/ s till . link FAo. we've been 1(' one last week. Affirmative: "ve been bought 8 car... write them into the correct column in the table. • Actions Of stales that began in the past but thai are contn... We haven't met Anna 's new boyfriend yet (but we expect to). 7 Kevin and Jackie have just had their third child.nan a continuing action started. ror two years. yoo'vs persuaded me to come this Karen gossips about everyt>ody so don't tetl her any secrets! someone to do SCltTlElt!Ylg gossip about someone evennr' '--' gossip ge"". . v. Fran has I never been . Word or phrase Useful phrases complain have an argument shout at boast Example been there.. tI «I 5 We haven't been to a good party since two years.to state. done.-l> 3 Have you seen the new James Bond film stilt? James Bond film yo>t? 4 Louisa has recently made a lOt 01 new friends.. "--' Okay. Vocabulary Summary 1 IT and Internet words Look at the IT words and expressions in the box.. Pfease take your shoes off. Unil3 RU connecled? ..Jd I discuss my amuar-' raise with yoo Icx:iay? 1 I gave Sam alilhe reasons why he should come with us on vacatior.ten we expect it to be done (negative form oriy) We sill hav&l't heard from our daughter il AusttaJia... I p ersuaded Sam to come with u s on va cation :--' 2 We disagreed strongly about politics.'A tool bar Iile <= homepage chat roo m go OIlIineloffii oe surr web p age download "--' v irus log on I log 01T I just had some coffee. and he agreed. I haven 't 2 Words connected with talking Look at th e meaning o f these words in Lesson 31 a dictionary. but I've never been to Argentina. and check th E" meanings in Lessons 2 and 4 1 a dictionary if you need to.. u. used for periods of time We've had these dogs for five years.for very recent actiorls complain about someone We complained about t. 8 We've been to a concert in the new auditoriun. •• . He's j ust gon e out. 2 Adverbs used with the present perfect just . We had an argument about pol i tics. tI To tal< about actions or states n the past but thai have some effect in the present. womod. 100. I ahJady fed the cat.._ 1 persuade someone that shout at someone boast about something (to someone) Don't shout at the call Simon's always boasting about his expensive sports car.. gNetl. we're have an arglJ'TlElflt with I had an 8rg. ever ....LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect \ Five of these sentences are incorrect..ing in the p-esent: Jack has worked for Ford since 1975. the sinpIe past is often used n sentences >Mthjust and aIra:Kfy: J attachment icon link FAOs Web guide loolbar Web site Web bro~ search engine homepage chat room crash download file go online 1 offline log on 1 log off scroll bar surf virus Web page Computers The Internet ~ Both <>a.. No.

.).. ACTION PLAN [> out the meaning of new words Your action plan: figuring words During your next few English lessons make a list of arr..a1he. ?!74uer fl!l!t nach 1& ilM". .an.3 . out and their meanings. and it's a tool. J cd-ml} pd up ""iI hand and <n [nglsh askd ~ -new teaJ:hey..he I:J1e afon. I immediately look it up ~<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan from Unit 2: Making key pals In pairs.g:so."i! aImt Ik 2 ~""'"9 f=m ..ud. your brains for half an hour or so? de"". I ignore it and carry on. nouns. noun. 1 If I don'. analyze these words in the same way as complete the table and say what they all mean. I reach for the dictionary.. know something.Z C> Z 01:: Figuring out meaning 1 Dealing with new words when reading a Read these strategies and check the ones that you have used when reading. 3 Using structural clues to figure out meaning a You can also use information about the type of word (adjective. 0 u appines is a quality that we don·t all misfortune to enjoy. 2 First of all.. . a k1t of destrue Unemployed is causing 4 Hey. Jane. verb.se4 high!¢< allik ~-11" <M nd 7M 1m "»as 5 /umcti. use the context to guess the meaning of the words in italic. meaning. 3 If there are a lot of words or phrases I don't know. ~ :sr~that her bOss sa estruetio workers. 2 Happy / have t 3 critici~ We know it's sharp..dpfu1ty s. you figured Note: You will need to show these notes to a dassmate at the end of Unit 4. 3 What kind of word is cratty? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence. I ask myself if the word is important in order to understand the text. b Discuss your answers w ith your class or group. etc. 2 Ust phrases. important new you learn from the reading texts. type of text.w.. like a knife. 1 Careful reference /<§i&encW is€sent~/ essentially in a research paper. Tis:hJe:. In pairs. and adjectives to create the opposite. RU connected? Unit3 .. ~ in a dictiOnary or ask my teacher.J L. fiau.errnan Ms= 'Whd lund q: chaxiIe.. ccmp!eJ:e kgtn-ney and /lad fuui 1 ku.e !uui ?Ole ~. Discuss the c lues you used to discover .d m en t n ess able Ull . 1 Note the page reference. !:.uuh alL r.a!e a<m"". can I pick. b You can also use word formation to discover what a word means. new words.s aL-ways Ie as ""II as /k5l' flf ."""Y ""iI h-r1c fo-maL f=m.r th.ded fJU1 a ~y a'Yl:u:le awi f. 2 undisciplined 3 replacement 4 unhappiness un . > L. "ltdL the I:e:xl. TiS:hJe:.I:!. If it isn't.l cWftad/. I stop reading because the text is too high for my level.J was a!mud a. ~ . ~7-l'ea. rfly Jir1c .. etc.U 5 recyclable 2 Using contextual clues to figure out m eaning In pairs. 3 The suffix -ment indicates that the word is a noun.r. the noun made of three parts: prefix root disagreement is suffix ~~~ 1 The prefix dis. look at the sentence and answer the questions. For example.n. talk about your action plan from page 25.wnung JlA. Then try to guess more or less what the important words or phrases mean.. "The »O"»u2n h..U o c Choose the correct word in italic.. 3 Write a short explanation of how you figured out the meaning. c:tu.an 7 ~ wi my fuw m dest&Yl1Pon.. 4 Applying what you've looked at a Read this text and decide which underlined words or phrases are important to understand the text.qr. Did yCXJ search for information on key pals? Have you made a key pal? In pairs.1im< ¥ . »a. I have to give this presentation next week and I know that you're really goocI at that kind of thing. f<.. usually negative. 1 Write as many quesHons as you can about the nonsense words cratty and choodle. 2 Every time I come across a new word.r enCe:red /:he..i /k.s J? 2 What kind of word is chood/e? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence.e_n k_:' M 2 The word agree is the base word or root. 1 The man used a sharp ax to chop the tree down. b Discuss your answers with the ctass... He refuses to buy a cell phone and won't use the copy machine..is used with some verbs. so it's a tool for cutting down trees. 4 The earthquake wa SIron strongly enough to 3 Pete's a real technophobe. to discover what it means. and title. disagreement: ::J >- o o Prefix Root 1 misunderstanding mi s under stan d discipline p l ace h app y cycl e Suffix in s 0.. Use a dictionary if necessary. The cratty choodle departed on time for a change... the meaning. 4 I try to figure Qut the meaning from the context. n felt salisfied critical her wo .e:dUes m '!5fI $.snt1.sm:m.

2 I live a lone back home but right now I share IEsharj~n apartment with my sister. S Have you ever taken part in a chat room? d Complete these sentences with the correct fonn of used 1o or be used to + . I 2 I am not used 10 working (not/work) with music on. . 1 Water is boiling ~t 100 degrees Celsius. 3 I've worked here for a long time and don 't want to leave . If only I didn't have to work so bard. ' /11 goin 0 m y grand father's 75th b There are six mistakes with the simple past and present perfc<:t in the essay on the right. used to play (play) but I'm too old and slow now. s ex weeken d I go / birthday party. Look at the example and underline the remaining mistakes. 4 I have to do two jobs to make enough 10 survive. If only I bad fin ished my major. ( ) I wish I hadn't insulted her in fro nt of the other e mp lo~. Write the corroct form below. please? 3 I didn't use to like (not/like) gardening when I was young but now I lovo it! (you/play) with toy trains when you were a kid? Did you use to play (you/live) in the country now? It's so quiel compared to tho town you moved from. 4 I at u early and write for a couple of hours and the~ usua y go I'm usuaJJ oing fo r II walk. My Hom etown. a b c d e U only 1 had the money to buy 8. want to see that movie again -I've already seen it six times.a Choose the correct tense.I'm used to working here. simple present or present progressive. 3 moved Mve Icmt 1 have traveled 4 b as lived 2 m et 5 have had c Complete these sentences with five of the adverbs from the box. 1 I left collage early without a degree. 2 I've gained a couple of kilos during this vacation. 1 I don'l play soccer any more. S We broke down on the highway and had to call for help. I wish I hadn't gone out to restaurants every evening. Could you turn it off. new car. since for just already yet ever recently 1 I don'. ~ 3 I'm only in California for a year or so ~ taldnBY 1 take a postgraduate course at UCLA. 5 Are you used 10 Ij Y in ~ • e Match the problems with the wishes and regrets. 3 My boss fired me. Z I've studied English since I was s ix and I still make mistakes.ing verb and the verb in parentheses. 4 Have you finished that assignment yet ? We have to hand it in tomorrow.

a lot of money recently and I needed some acMce from my loan officer. Luke r can try_ What's the problem? John r think I pir. connection Net Web sile scroll bar home page log on online John Hey.. each other: we worked wdJ With a team and with h as her.ked lip a 1 virus when I was surfing the 2 Net Luke Oh . 3 ~dependent ' didn't k ' In our work . I wonder if you can help me. but life is really hard but also the interest and I can't afford that. John Great. whe!1 a bank 3 .sh er. aggressive. 1 Eyes : bl<'lck/blue/brown/green 2 Wine: red/white/black/rose 3 Hair: blondlbrown/vellow/black 4 Meat: red/white/brown/dark . 2 friend l ~tmosPhere in the workplac! _ we all gan to see each other SOcially She en?Ouraged us all to be . We all respected ffi' . It's difficult for me to 4 •.. 5 Have you heard? Joe and Helen had an enormous argument and aren't talking to each other anymore. a. 2 I shouted as loudly as I could <'II Ihe child. right away. Could you send me the details? Luke Sure. Toe fact is my salary IS JU low.. download attachment file crash toolbar viru:. money. more money from the bank. b. yo. good to see you. ' yo... ".inht now . You can 5 download them onto your computer. attract friend create relax cooperate respect real organize romance independence h Choose the correct word.ussion argue 1 Our neighbors complained about the noise during Oill party last night. But I'd like ~bou~ my last boss. __ . no! So what h<'lppens to your computer? John Well.._--_.I get this message saying an error has occurred and the computer just switches itself off. ~ . but she couldn't hear me. . .. to fill in the blanks. . cold. Of course. some . P y and Created a SPlCit. ..f Complete this text with the adjective form of five of the words in the box. a". whict11 really don't want to dO. we were 4 COOperative. I try to be optimistic.'ve ~ad a lot of bad managers in m y mcompetent.I have so many obligations nowadays that I right now. I've been 1 .e was not only experienced e Clent. every time I try to go 3 online . Only five words or phrases are used. or d. • persuade complain boast shout gossip disr."". q. ay. don't only repay the loan The Ideal Boss ~me.... c. I Wef1t to the bank for advice the other day. and I. apart from 2 . e managed to create a pleasant. She w: ~e~:r~u re axed SOrt of person _ sh' c never seemed uptight or nervous and she always had time and '. spend everything I 5 .. [ used olle and it worked. I -'oed her what my options were. and 5 organized b ' communicated a enl ' ut she great te'm . Complete the sentences with the correct form of five of the words in the box. 3 Noth ing you say will persuade me to cross Niagara Falls on a bicycle! 4 Actors are well known for gossiping about each other .they love to talk about other stars' secret lives.y . I haven '\ heen able to send any e-mails for days! Luke I know a very good 4 web site that provides really good anti-virus programs free.she were fi eep telling us what to do _ we ree to work on our Own A result. for everybody Sh a smile . 1 Z 3 4 a a a a 5 a using @ pending lending ~aking owes b ends keep waste win b save ffi've c making ~ iSSing c aski ng d ?rrowing c borrows gives d guard c Jarn d gain Complete this dialogue by choosing the appropriate word or phrase from the box.. g Underline the odd word out.

-_ • 1 Reading skills a Imagine that you are at a party. Which one wou ld you talk to? Wh y? b Read the article quickly. The four people in the article below are a lso at the party and are not talking to anyone right now. Did you choose the person that the wri ter suggests is the most attractive? GLOSSARY a uribule ]lOslurc A positive foature of someone or something the way we hold our bodies as pire desire ilnd work toward something Unil 4 Together .~i 1 _ .

we were in school log ether. then? A Angie and 1worK together. A Yeah. it was really fascinating. lpause) A Well. I've never been to Michigan. that's rea lly nice of you. I'm flying to Paris on Saturday. a Me too. - C Lauro. irs great I've met some rea lly interesting people. A Yeah . Are you enjoying the party? A Yeah.sorry. 15 For Exercise 2a on page 39 !ioI A Hello there. A Well. by a Okay. do you work with Dove? a No. ThaI's fasc inating. "~--------------------------------------------------------------. well. but irs a lillie difficult you know. near the airport. no.. I suppose. B Hi. How interesting. maybe some other time then. maybe. Irs from Italy. Jane. Whal a pain! a Well. We went to a fantastic salsa dub there. rm from New York lpause) So. sure. look I'm actually waiting for someane. me. iI's not so difficult when you're in the some town. it was really fasc inating. Caracas . so do I. Yes. okay. right? B Yeah. nice to meet you. A Where ore you from? B Michigan. I'm meeting some friends on Saturday . 50.Objectives Topic: attraction and communication Pronunciation Reading a scientific article Grammar future plans and intentions intonation: (going to. rm George. I've just come back from Caracas. and the flight leaves very early in the morning . on the other side of town. A Hi. A That's true. A Oh. I'm from New York. maybe we could gel together one evening? How aoout Saturday? A Oh. A Really? That's interesting. a Yeah. I have my car here. How do you know Angie and Dove. Do you travel a lot? B Yes. recognizing and simple present) expressing interest Ustening a conversation Speaking discussing intentions Ask students What do you do fa make a good first impression when you meet people for the first time? Write students' suggestions on the board and add (or elicit) the following: smiling looking cool listening folking a 101 being funny Introduce the topic asking questions 1 Reading skills Set up the prediction task. right so you're in the travel industry. See you later. no. yeah. the way.. I oought it in Milan. no. I've never been to Michigan. near the airport A Hey. rve just come bock from Coracas a wow. Are you having a good time? B Well. Caracas . Come along some other time. . A Nice shirt Did you get it here? B Heavens. delighted to meet you. a Yeah. I'm a flight anendanl. I'm going to try that new salsa club on Friday. A Good party.sounds great. A Really? ThaI's interesting. I am.' For Exercise 2c on page 39 !II A Do you work with Dove? B No. Why don't you come along? What are you doing on Friday? A Oh. Are you enjoying the party? B Hello. I think Fli go get another drink. it's okay. A Well.we were in school together. ThaI's fascinating. I know. I'm sorry. I'm Rachel. A Really? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. what do you do? B I'm a research biologist. Do you live near here? a Well. Uh . B Yeoh. since we live near each other. I mean. Do you mind . okay. F minutes on Ihe bus to get ifty here. A Hi there.. A That's tru e. I know Dove from way oock . lpause). too.. A Hi. thanks. A Really? You've kept in touch? a Yeah.. A Nice to meet you. are you Iddding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. when you come on your own. I bet you realty get to make some interesting discoveries. we're going to try and go every week if it's good. and then ask students tu read the text quickly and answer the question in Exercise 1b. A Hey! Sa do II B So you're in the Iravel industry. a Is it? A Do you like it. I know Dove from way bock . look I'll give you my number . George B Yeah. this is Jane. Do you live near here? B Well. A Where are you from? B Michigan. laura. on the other side of town. Point oul the Glossary. She lives on the next block. being a biologist? B Irs okay. nothing exciting a Nothing exc~ing. Set a time limit affive minutes. sure. A I mean. look . Together T 38 Unit 4 . In fact. but actually I'm staying with my friend Rachelthat's her in the black dress O\lef there. B Don't worry. irs not so diflicull when you're in the some town. a You like salsa? A love it. I think the JXlrly's great. A Yeah. a Okay.. what do you do? B I'm 0 research biologist A Wow.sounds great A Yeah. A Oh. How interesting! What exactty do you do? A Oh. I can give you a lift oock if you like. B Yes. B Wow. we do I suppose. ore you kidding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. A Wow. What exactly do you do? A Oh. it is.. welt. a Oh. I'm a flight attendant. nothing exciting B Nothing exciting. we do.. A Oh.we're seeing a play at Ihe theater. yeah. present progressive. A I'd kwe to.

Play tho audio for Exercise 2c aga in. 1 3. You may need to play and pause the recording to allow students to wri1c their answers. Students should be using present progressive fo r fixed arrangements and going to for intontions. and arrangements in the Grammar Summary on page 4G of the Student's Book. ore you kidding? Wow. Wow. the more bored people sound . it is important to get students to reolly exaggerate when repealing the "interested" intonation patterns from the recording. I'm ploying tennis tomorrow. 3 Pronunciation : intonation Quick pronunciation guide The "flatter" the intonation.0 and a ppears to be wai ting for someone and wants the other person to go away. Going to is used to emphasize the intention rather than the plan or a rrangement . he uses a flat intonation . Answers: In 1. The difference is subtle and often either fo rm can be used in any situation.sounds great. In conversation 2. Ask students to listen for answers to tho questions in Exercise lb. as needed. 3 . Monitor students and listen for common mistakes. review the ru les for expressing intentions. Ask student s to listen and match the conversat ions wi th the people. both women sound interested: their intonation has more high and low tones. or assign students to Tei. plans. with a slight difference of implied meoning. scheduled events. Ask st udents to complete the conversations. Answers: In conversations 1. and arrangements If students need help wit h Exercise 4. and then have student s roport briefly to the class.it is the decision you have mode.ld thi s again as homework. they make friends and arrange to meet.! Common PfOb'ems and errors Students m(f. Then put them in pairs to discuss their plans. to copy the intonation pall crns they hear. the more "exaggerated" the intonation. no one can stop me. the man sounds interested .it is only used for impersonal. I fJI9y tennis tomorrow afternoon. Play the audio fo r Exercise 2a . Quick grammar guide: future The present progressive is used to talk about personal plans and arrangements that have been ful ly planned and fina lized. Hey.j overuse the simple ptesentto lalk about personal arraogements. 4 Grammar review and extension: future plans. Because English tends to use a wide intonation pattern. t\it 5 Speaki ng skill s Have students work individually to plan fo r one o f the si tUlI\ions. In 2.1 I'm going to play tennis tomorrow. Play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and repeat line by line. In English. UI is arranged. first ask students to predict what they thin k the people in the pict u res might say in each conversation. ask students to say who sou nds interested or bored. exaggerating tho di ffe rences in pilch. Play tho aud io for Exercise 2e. Ask stud~nt s to discuss Exercise l d in pairs. and they seem to like each other and are making friends. Conversely. The audioscripts for Track 1 5 and Track 16 are on page T38 ~ 171-------------------------------------------------------------Really? Thors true. so do I How interesting! Nothing exciting. Pause after each conversat ion to elicit studen ts' illlswers. fThars my de<ision. Realty? Thafs interesting. Answers will vary.Ask studen ts to co mpare their notes from Exercise lc with a partn er. the more interested people sound. and 4 . the "other" person gives up and goes away. Thofs foscinating. Caracos . the man sounds very bored. inten tions. 2 Listening skills If you wish. Tho woman sounds bored because of her flat intonation: she does not seem interested in the man. Ihe simple present is nolo common future form . As they listen. Answers will vary. Unil4 T 39 Together . Play the aud io again. the court is reserved.

Wow. (The people in the pict ures are the second speaker in each conversation. I suppose.) The game sta rts at 3:00 in the afternoon. and arrangements a Look at these examples and answer the questions. 5aluniOJi. it's not so difficult when you're in the same town.. but you want to make some new friend s. How interesting . 2 her fli ght I leave / 7:30 / morning (This is the scheduled time. So. A Yeah. Match the conversations with the four people in Exercise la.) I'm going to stay at home and watch soccer on TV tonight. I'm a night attendant. are you kidding ? I bet you get to see some in teresti ng places . Discuss the notes with your partner. . 2 Your hoyfrielld's/girlfrielld's parents have invited you for lunch. b Which sentences describe the present and which What is tho outcome of each conversation? 2 Which conversa tion is the most successfu l? Why? 1 Listen 1 these short exchanges from the 0 conversations and complete them. 3 her parents I take her / airport (Th is is their intention. What exactly do you do? A Oh... travel) and your preparations (e. Really? That's interesting ? I've never been to Michigan. F 3 My train arri ves at six on Wed nesday. what do you do? 8 I'm a research biologist. A Hey! SodoJ ! 2 8 So you're in the travel industry. using the correct form. times. A ThaI's true . we do. not a plan? 3 c Which example describes a very definite plan. 1 she / fly I Thailand I Saturday (She bas already bought the ticket.) Her fli ght leaves at 7:30 in the morning.. nothing exciting. Listen and repeat the phrases that you wrote in the conversations above. 5 Speaking skills a Choose one of the situations below. 1 A Do you work with Dave? B No. You haven't met them before and you want to make a good impression. conversation topics). I'm from New York. . A Well. Remember to show interest in what your partner says ! I'm going to a party on Satllrday. describe the future? Write P or F.g. well. 1 Are you enjoying tho party? P 2 We're leaving for Paris noxt Monday.) 1 person _ 4 _ 2 person _ 3 _ 3 person _ . We're sccing a play at the theater.\. 1'111 going to wear Together Uni14 3 Pron unciation: intonation ~ ~ listen to the exchanges again._ ~ b Listen again and answer the questions. it was really fascinating. clothes.) Her parents are going to take her to the airport.we were in school together. B Wow. I know Dave from way back . B Nothing exciting. on the other side of town . such as a schedule? 2 II:: 2 Listening skills ~ a Listen to four conversations at a party. 3 A Where are you from? B Michigan. 6 game I start I 3:00 / afternoon (This is the scheduled time. talk abou t the si tuations and what you in tend to do. Who sounds interested? Who sounds bored? Why? mtonation shows how interested we are in a penon or a conversation. 1 I'm meeting some fri ends on Saturday. then write sentences from the prompts below. ThaI's fascinating . Do you live near here? 8 Well . intenti ons. Where did you moot? What do you think first attracted you to that person? 4 Grammar review and ex tension: future plans.g. . Make notes of your plans for tho situation (e. P c Read the information about the ways of express ing future plans and intentions on page 46 . Do you agree with th e writer? d Think of your best fri end or boyfriend/girlfriend. F 4 I'm staying with my cousin in Chicago next weekend. You won't know anybody there. 4 1/ stay I home I watch soccer I TV tonight (But I could change my mind. 2 The fli ght leaves very early in the morning. yeah. A Rea lly ? You've kept in touch? B Yeah.) 5k:s Illf"U 10 7ioa<knd on. I've just come back from Caracas. 5 we I play I ill I soccer final I Saturday (It's in the program. 1 You're new in this town and you have been invited to a party on Saturday.) \-Ve are playing in the soccer fina l on Saturday. no. 3 I'm going to try that new salsa club._ 4 person _ . F 5 Jeremy always arrives late for the class. b In pairs. a Which tense/verb form is used in each example? 1 '" present progressive 2 '" simple present 3 going to + infinitive b Which example describes an intention.c Make notes of what the writer says about the four people in the pictures. Caracas Sounds great . near the airport.

. What makes a good marriage? Couples have to lenrll 1 accept each other's differen ces. is marriage not a necessity for women any longer? Z . and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer [Q the first question is really quite si mple: marriage is no lo nge r the necessity it o nce was. Some futuri sts predict that in 100 will+verb years. 1 . d But what are the reasons for this. docs the number of cohabiting couples not affect the trend? 3 . more than 50% of first marriages survive. and the rate is increasing. Women used to be economically de pe nde nt on their husbands as they usua lly didn' t have jobs outside the ho m e..these couples are effectively married. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! c Find reasons for these facts in the article. and will+verb extramarital affairs will be even more common than they arc now.. the average American will marry at least four times.. pessimistic cohauit Iivl! together (as a couple) counterpart SOlIlIlo ne in tht! . arc the statistks deceptive with regard to people stayi ng in fi rst marriages? 4 . [) 2 The current trend and predictions for the future nrc for an increasing divorce rale.. Match the paragraphs with the four brief summaries. such as heart problems. is marriage benefi cial to men? d In pairs. the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much. UI IS first it will lead to the break-up of the eonditional family. the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. so they don 't feci that they need to stay in a failing marriage.Marriage: a dying institution? 1 Read ing skills s One in Iwo couples in th e United Slates get divorced. In fact. to+ver to get worse. [li} - !aJ THE STATE OF MARRIAGE TODAY • Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years. In addition to this. this is no lo nger the case.~ame POSitiOll as another persoll Unit 4 Together . . tal k about successful marriages that you know. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs. In answer to the second question. . 4 The increase in the divorce rate may be the result of changes in society... many couples now cohabit and don 't bother to marry . b The institution of m ar riage has been based for years pa rtly on economic need. C appear in either the marriage or divo rce statistics. @j 3 A good marriage can bring a lot of benefits. and married men generally consider themselves m o re contented than their single counterparts. If •• · teen d connnucs. 1 The statistics may give an unnecessaril y pessimistic impression of marriage and divorce. And it is also tr ue that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences. the ratc of divorce in the U nited States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriges. \Vhile the rate of divorce has risen. 0 GLOSSARY flx tra marilal outside of marriage gloomy dnprcssing. according to a spokesperson t for the N ational Family Association. Why do you think people gct divorced? Are there as many di vorces in your country? b Read the art icle quickly. Going b and the evidence suggests it is going . Why .. so marriage is still quite popular. but they do not So is m arriage really an outdated institutio n? The fact that m ost people still get married indicates that it isn 't.

going to. Remind them to check the Glossary. Set a short time limit (four minutes) to encourage students to skim the article. There ore a number of collocations in the text. and then ask students to read the article quickly and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise lb. life experiences Reading a social science article Grammar predicting the future: will. 4 Married men suffer less from stress and feel more contented.Tell half B to work in groups of four to write advantages of being married. Extromarllal affairs = relationships outside marriage Gloomy picture = negative view Economic need = need for financial support Pessimistic outlook = negative view of the future Outdated institution = sociallrodilion that is not modern and needs chonging Vocabulary Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise l d in pairs. Elicit students ' answers and write on the board some examples of the students' advice. first conditional Writing an Internet posting Speaking discussing family and marriage Write on the board Being single and Being married. Divide the class into two halves.Objectives Topic: marriage and the family Vocabulary the extended family. Together T 40 Unit 4 . You may wish to point them out to students. Tell half A to work in groups of four to write a lis) of advantages of being single. Introduce the topic Elicit two lists of advantages on the board. Tell them to discuss the questions and look back at the article to research their answers . Allow one minute. 3 There is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. Which "hair hod the most adYonloges? 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise lc. Answers: 1 They are no longer economically dependent on their husbands. 2 Because they do not appear in marriage or divorce statistics.

Let students check in pairs before goi ng over the answers as a class. 3 Vocabulary: th e family Ask students to do Exercise 3a and 3b individually and thon compare with a partner before checking answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 46. Model the activity in Exercise 2c by providing one or two examples. After students have studied the rules on pago 46. especially with conditionals. Move around the class. so thoy should write their "posting" legibly on a soparate piece of paper. •• 4 Writing skills Let students check their answers to Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing as a class. ignoring the spoces. Unit 4 T 41 Together . Additional actfvity Collect ond correct the postings and their replies. Tell them another student will read their work lator on. will is used to express 0 prediction thot is 0 personol opinion. Put students in pairs and make sure they agree on which statement they are going to write about. Common problems and errors A common persistent error is likely to be using the simple present for predidions. ask them to complete the paragraph in Exercise 2b with the correct verb forms. Quick grammar guide: predictions Going to expresses 0 prediction bosed on evidence now. When students are ready. Move around the class. he ~ the start of the film.2 Grammar: pred icting the future Help students find and underline the predict ions in the first paragraph of the article for Exercise 2a . helping students with ideas and vocabu lary. form groups of four and ask the groups to follow the instructions in Exercise 4d. If Peter doesn't come soon. Then invite students to rewrite them ond post them on the classroom wall so that students have on opportunity to read whot everybody has written. and thell ask them which forms they use. Presentation altematiYe Ask students to read the Internet posting quickly. helping students with any questions they have. In troduce the activity in Exercise 4c carefully. and thell ask st udents to write their own predictions and compare them in pa irs. Ask 0 basic question to help students understond the gist (or main ideo) of the article: Is the writer concerned about the family or not concerned? Give students a minute to ask th eir purtner's opinion in Exercise 4b. Answers will vary. Put students in small groups to practice the vocabulary by discussing the questions in Exercise 3d.

Thi s. there 4 will be (be) fewer people in work.2 Grammar: predicting the fut ure a Read the fi rst paragraph of the article again. 3 will cause (cause) many problems in the future. d Join with another pair and in groups of four. discuss the st<ltemcnts below a nd choose one that you are bot h interested in. which of course leads to more cri me and u nemployment.'Cide not to have children.. the size of families d In sma ll groups.and these poo r child ren get totally confused. exchange postings. Then you get divorced peo ple who remarry and end up with seve ra l 3 Vocabulary: th e family a Complete each definition about the family with two words fro m the box. which can't be good for them . Then.!UL: child re n . of course. 5 Mother.. Read out interesting messages to the class. where a couple has gotten 5 divorced . Compare your order with a partner. d . i. b. Then o f cou rse there are the 4 single-parent famil ies.. 4 Divorce is not necessarily bad for ch ildren. 1 Do any of the phrases in Exercise 3a describe you? Which ones? 2 Do you have any of the people in Exercise 3a in your family? Which ones? 3 How many of the actions in Exercise 3b have you do ne·t 4 Writing skills a Read the Internet posting <lbout the state of marriage and com plete it with words fro m Exerc ise 3. What has happened to t he 1 traditional fam ily. a (f can come at any time after b) Together Unit4 .. but in many countries that has fallen to below two and 1 will definitely continue (defini tely continue) to faiL In some European countries the average couple has only one child and evidence suggests that it 2 is Boine to get (get) worse as more couples dl. discuss these q uestions. they left the children with their own mothe r o r mot her3 in-law .eY-{'n-/aw. 3 in the fut ure. governments 5 will raise (raise) less money in taxati on. so they are left wit h strangers all day.. Dno of the problems faced by the western world is its falling population. The order of the stages most often is: e.lttw in-law mother parent single sister step tradit ional working 1 7 . Underline four predictions ahout the future of marriage. 3 If you marry a man or woman with children. b Match the verbs and nouns. then write th em in the order in which we usually do these things in our lives.. Write a short posting of about 100 words. h Do you agree with the writer of Ihi s posting? Discuss the posting with a partner. fat her.. In my day. they become your ~. It is n't rig ht . In pairs. c.. 2 Your husband's father is your father-in-law . an d t he woma n has to brin g up the child ren totally o n he r own.ililJ:m. with t he mothe r at home? It see ms tod ay t hat most child ren have 2 working mothers. I believe that these children will grow u p with terri ble problems. 3 Families where both parcnts work have sOllle Advantages. 1 People have children too young .!1. single-parent families 4 In the future. 6 A man or woman on their own with children form a single-parent fam ily. 1 in 50 years. c Complete these pred ictions in your own words..e.4 children. where t he cou ple d idn't get 6 married in the first place. marriage . and there 6 will be (be) less money available for the sick and the elderly. Couples need to produce an average of 2. Write a reply a nd "send" tJlO message back again. What can we do about this? Your wife's brother is your /m:i:J. . 1 got a more chi ldren b married 2 got 3 got c a baby 4 go out with d engaged have a boy/girl 5 6 have f divorced . 4 If you have a sisler with a different falher or mother. If the population cuntinues to fall. c You arc going to write a posting about a related topic. blolliea children famil y fat her half ffl-. in pairs. mothers stayed at home with their child ren. Which future forms do th ey usc? b Look at the ways of predicting the futu re on page 46. leaving t he children with only one parent at home . 2 Single-parent famil ies can't bring up children as well as traditional famili es.or worse. she is your half sister . c Check your answers in the Vocabu lary Summary on page 46. com pare your sentences. pare nts a nd children. 1 A woman with children who works ou ts ide the home is a working mother . then complete the paragraph below with the corroct form of the verbs.before they know whether their relationship is "right". a nd if they had to work. 2 If more people get divorced . and two children form a traditional famil y .

Without. We play b8S~n t~ether every weekend and have a great bme. him . but I don't think it really suits you. d In pairs. We've been togot~er for three years and I th ink we'll get roamed some day. if your friend had a new hairstyle and you thought it looked awful? a say "What did you do to your hair?!" b say '1l1at looks great! Which hairdresser did you go to?" c say "Sorry. I wouldn't h ave a dose friend to confide m. Talk about the people and why they are important to you. Then look at . but listen when he/she wants to talk Together . Someone near " me" in the circlo is more important than those further away. What would you do . It might be nice if you cut it shorter. though.Friendship 1 S peaking ski lis What kind of friend are you? Choose the best a answers for you in the questionnaire below. A And Paul? B He's my best friend." if you were sharing an apartment with a friend and they never did any housework? a tell your friend they had to move out b stop doing housework yourself to make a point c talk to your friend about it and explain the probiem if your best friend started to make a lot more money and you were still almost always broke? If your friend was feeling really depressed after a relationship breakup? a feel jealous and ask your friend to pay for you all the time a stop calling your friend because he/she is atways complaining b tell your friend to call you whenever helshe wants if you were at a party with a friend and you met a really attractive person? a spend all evening with the person and ignore your friend b ask your friend if helshe minds if you spend the 'NhoIe evening with the person c invite the person to join you and your friend b see less of your friend because you don't want himther to pay for everything c suggest doing things together that don 't cost a lot of money c insist on taking your friend to parties. ask and answer question s about your circle ." your score on page 149.. b Discuss your answers with a partner. Do you agree? C Y and complote tho " important relattonshlps c d~~le with n amos of friends and family. How would your li fe be d ifferent with out them? A Who's Karen? B She's my girlfriend.

I'd soy it was my school teacher. in sports.. Right. A And the next most imporlont person? B You mean. You know. A And how about now? Howald are you if you don't mind me asking? B No. soy 1 to about 16. My first real girlfriend . Introduce the topk reliable. you know. caring. and. I got married two years ago. Your mom again? 8 Well. no. if you look bock to that lime.would you soy thaI was true for you? B Welt I'm not sure. your mother. so we didn't trusl each other as much. interesting. if you had to choose the most important person in your life from. Now who stands out as the most imporlont person? B Well. Briefly elici t answers from the class. lers sIT'( up to the age of four. I can't really remember. but we had a baby a couple of months ago. First. you see. Give them two or three minutes to think of the names they are going to write in their own circle. what I can tell you is that your answers agree with most of the population . and so on.yeah.. A 101 of people still soy their mother for that age. 17 1 20. for girls.. A Oh. 50 rd say Carlos 5ontano or Kurl Cobain. A And would you soy he or she was the most important person in your life then? B Oh. Now. Culture note A fair-weather friend is someone who is only friends with you in the good limes . I think I'd say I made my first real friend about that time. Far Exercise 4 on page 43 ':IiI A Excuse me. Together T 42 Unit 4 . and sports stars like Michael Jordon. Well. Much more imporlont A Now. t think it would be the girl I used to ploy with most.Objectives Grammar Topic: friendship Vocabulary friendship: collocations Reading a magazine questionnaire second conditional Ustening interviews Speaking discussing friendship Set the scene by asking students What qualilies make a good friend? Elicit words and phrases like honest. you know. that's fine. A Right.not a real friend.she become a kind of mother figure. For Exercise lc. when I was about five to eight? A Right B . Thank you very much. and I'd like to ask you a couple of questions. I don't think so. do you have a minute? I'm doing a survey on imporlont people at different stages of our lives. 3 B That's easy . I'm 26. 2l-ish. have students copy the "ME" circle on a separate piece of paper. Would that be okay? 8 Sure. She lived just down the street . irs just amazing when. strike up a friendship means start a friendship. but I suppose after my girlfriend. nothing else seemed to matter . "girlfriend" and then . .. A No friends? B Yeah. B 50 wha t about my answers. A She became more imporlant? B Right . to when you were very young.. thars a little mare difficult I suppose Ihars the age when you start looking for role models and I was crazy about rock slars and basketball and that kind of thing. a good listener. B Four. A Okay. A Ah. I see. I lost touch with most of my friends and . That's easy.it wasn't so long ago! A Good. who would il be? B Mmm. A Thanks. yes. Now how about the late teen years. go ahead.. A Well. t'm going to ask you to think bock to your childhood. who would you choose? Jusl one.my girlfriend. 0 B Easy .? B I don't know really. so obviously my wife is real imporlont to me. nol used commonly in speech). I'd like you to Ihink back to when you were a teenager. Then put students in pairs to talk about their answers. Um if t hod to choose someone from that time. A Thanks. And I didn't have brothers or sisters. definitely. thaI's the answer most people give. fo r most people real friendship begins after this period. soy. no contes!. 1 Speaking skills Give students fOUI or five minutes to do Exercises la and lb. B Well. peaple like that. my mother. the age of fIVe to eight years old.. or perhaps a brother or sister. if you had 10 choose the most imporlant person in your life. A Now. well . bul if 1hod to soy right now. you know. B How young? A Well. Foe = enemy lIiterary word. my mom used to go out to work and my teacher. yeah. Now. I guess my little daughter is Ihe most important person in my life now. around the age of nine or len . bul I think we were starting 10 get more competitive. A More importanllhan parents? B Absolutely. tha t's fine. etc.. what do they mean? A Well.

elicit students' answers and have them compare the survey with their an swers. You may n eed to play the recording a second time. Unit 4 T 43 Together . Start students on Exercise 2c by giving them examples for the first two sentences. ask students to underline the verbs in lhe clauses in exercise 2c. I moon = I'm going to try to explain Put students i. as in the example in sentence 2 . Afterwards.. buying time. and indicate grammatically correct answers: Friendship is . besl friend. 4 Listening skills Set the scene by writing on the board: porenls.. husband/wife. students often use would + verb in the condllionol clause as well as the main clouse. as needed. Here. then complete the rules. gerund. As you elicit students' answers afterwards. If I w9wJ9 §fI now. explain that the following expressions are often used to "buy time. or sometll/·ng + that . they have little meaning and are used to give us thinking lime when we speak. and then ask different students to come up to the board and write one of their sentences. Their approximate meanings are listed below: sure. 3 Grammar review: second conditional For Exercise 3a.n pairs 10 do Exercise 4d . Ask At what stage of your life are these people mosl important? Why? Then ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks and complete the "me" column. I would gel home sooner. The oudioscript for Track 18 is on poge T42 11i. Ask students to listen and complete the "survey" column . and equate the simple past with such hypothetical concepts (and the post subjunctive if used in their first language!. 1/F8lIeI88 around Ihe world. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. . pointing out that students have to match the sentence halves and then write whole sentences. absolutely = of course I no problem or I agree well = give me a moment before I speak you see. in modern speech was is also used. If I were rich. Let students check their answers in pairs. Play the audio again and ask students to expand the responses in Exercise 4c.2 Vocabulary: friendship Briefly elicit answers from the pairs for Exercises 2a and 2b. Point out that this sentence needs to be followed by an adjective. I would be upset.. or past + past in both clauses. condtianal Common problems and errofS Students confuse which form they should use in each clouse. However. Quick grammar gUide: . Since there is no such subjunctive in English. If someone at a party were unfriendly toward me. would needs to be followed by an infinitive. and I wish I had a new car. boy/girlfriend. Model Exercise 3b carefully. Point out that were is commonly used in the first person in second conditional sentences.fun / being there / something that you have to work on." in other words. Encourage them to practice using the words in Exercise 4c . II is useful to help students see the similority between If I had a new car .second Many languages hove the past subjunctive in hypothetical condllional clauses.

Listen again and expand these responses to make them sound more natural. you would might/cou ld keep friends for longerl make fri ends mo re easily.. Then match the condition clauses with the main clauses and write sentences in the second conditional with would.. Important people in my life Age 0-4 5-8 ~ best friend . sure. / __ old friend become fr ie nds I 4 Listening skills a Who is the most important person in your life right now? Why? Has this always been the case·! Complete this table for the different times in yo ur life. Much more important. u'Ved neay me. 4 c . sec her once a week.. I 3 If I wanted 10 get married.. meel more people. 8 Easy .c.. 1 would . I would end the fri endship. My first rcal girlfriend . 1 mean.f 7mf}hl 2 die . 6 eld .If fee '»f}f /:e1. ... 2 That's easy... make friends Illore easily. 3 WdL. form a real " dose friend friendship iend'\..family friend . I would . well.U· you weren't so demanding. 6 One way of striking up a friendship is . complete each sentence with two different ideas..If I w anted to get married . 5 If my girlfriend/boyfriend did something I disapproved of.~olutely..2 Vocabulary: frie ndship a Add some words and phrases from the questionnaire and scores in Exercise 1 to Lhe diagram.. '- 2 If someone at a party were wlfriendly toward me. keep friends for longer... Second conditional = if + simple ~. definitely.. when' was abollt five to eight? 5 Well. Who are going to be the most important people in your life'! Together Unit 4 . I would . a . You see . d In pairs. Survey mother girl down Ule street fi rst real friend role models first rea l girlfr iend wife unfriendly . no.. My girlfricnd. we wouldlmight/could meet more people. I would/migh t/could make friends more easilyhneet more people... ecJ. frIEnd hey once.. 6 Well. my mom used to go out to work .. I don 't think so.. I w ould marry someone different from me. I'm not sure . . Can YOIl add any other words or phrases? 9-12 13-16 17-21 22-25 become friends form a friendship girlfriend real friend strike up a friendship unfriendly C [11 ~ b Listen to a survey based on the table above and complete the ·'Survey" column. we 5 If I thought a friend weren't honest with me.. 1 Friendship is . 1 If my best friend lived ncar me. go ahead. my mother.. friendly b Add the words in the box to the diagram. you ~ c When we speak naturally we often add little words to make our speech sound more natural. end the friendship.If I weren't so shy. + would (not) + infinitive b Read about the second conditional on page 46. or could. you see. no contest. '- 3 Grammar review: second conditional a Look at the clauses in Exercise 2c and complete the rule. (Jb. compare yo ur answers from the chart and think about the future.od/ fri end \ --- be friends M.. f .. 1 a b c d e f 1 marry someone different from me. d Share your ideas with another pair. I would . might. 3 a ..g.If we went out more oRen. 4 If [ had a fair-weather friend.. 1 2 If I weren't so shy. pairs. 7 Absolutely. Sure. 4 You mean ... e. 4 If we went out more often. 5 b .. I 6 If you weren·t so demanding. 3 If [ wanted to make new friends. I can't really remember.If I thought a friend weren 'l honesl with me.

What was the incident? I had really bad food at a res/aurnnt. b Find tho "missing" words in these examples from 2. 1 This has happened to me so many times such a pain... Keep a note of the other students' answers. or non-assertive? How about Jane? 1. aggressive behaving in an angry or rude way. Which group has the most assertive members? Unit4 Together . b Discuss th o quiz in a small group. aggressive. Where do you think you come on the scale below? Put a cross ut} at the best poi nt. using these questions. b Summarize what you have learned about yoursel f and others in your group. Done yours? Have you done yours? 2 Yeah. was it? Itlfhat wasn't. A 5 Well . if you say so . but in my opinion . How assert ive are you compared with the other members ofyoUT group? 4 Feedback Report your group's results to the class.. a ssertive behaving and expressing ideas in a firm and confident manner 3. In info rmal conversation we often leave words out. and acquaintances. . 4 Really? Amazing. . When did it happen? Who wero you talking to? How did you roact? Why did you roact as you did? How did you feel afterwards? 2 Task a Take the quiz on the opposite page to fi nd out how assertive you are. friends. Which questions do they discuss? b What kind of person do you think Rob is. n on-assertive not making your opinions and desires known. or aggressive (AG) language. lei's do it your way.1 Warm up a Look at the defi nitions. I'd ask people to introduce themselves. AG 4 I sec your point. Which of them do you tend to say? 1 I wou ld like 10 discuss this with you. Have you been in any of those situations? Did you assert yOUl'self or not? Discuss the situation with your partner. . 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people completing and discussing the questionnairo. willing to accept what others want above what you want 6 Notice a Look at these extracts from the conversation. with examples. Which words have the speakers left out from the underlined expressions? 1 I still havon't done the last two. finished ages ago. 3 Prepare a Check your answers with the key on page 149. if you don 'I mind. assertive. 1 finished ages ago. often indicating that you want to fight. It is such a pain 2 Remember last summer.. decide whether these expressions are assertive (A). NA 6 I don't mind what we do. or argue with someone non-assertive assertive aggressive I b In groups. 7 Follow up Look at the sit uations in the quiz. why you put thorn there. That's/How amazing. Write the initials ofthree or four people on the scale. Whore did it happen? II was in a pizza place in town . the convorsation. the restaurant near the beach? Do you remember . 3 Wasn't very assertive of us. non-assertive (NA). Explain 10 your partner. NA c Thi nk of your famil y. attack.. A 2 Do it now! AG 3 That's a really dumb idea.

. elicit from students what the difference between an assertive and an aggressive statement is. . B. ..Objectives Grammar present perfect. Decide which film you want to see at the movies tonight. An assertive statement is expressed us ing polite language (I would like .. Topic: assertiveness Reading a magazine Ustening people doing a quiz Speaking answering a question naire adverbs used with present perfect questionnaire 1 Warm up Ask students to look at the definitions in Exercise 1a and mark themselves on the scale. Bs they are non-assertive. Both . and Cs they are aggressive.. The oudioscripl for Track 19 is on page T45 11 Together T 44 Unit 4 . Decide what you are going to cook together for dinner tonight. A.. and then ask students to work in pairs to find the missing words in the sentences in Exercise lib. or C. ask pairs of students to take turns asking each other about the situations. 6 Notice Read through the examples in Exerc ise lia a loud. If necessary. Answers: They discussed questions 1. Write three situotions on the board. Answer: 2 Task Ask students to lake the quiz.. 2.. When they are ready. change situotions and change roles. Determine which group is the most assertive. Then divide students into groups of four and ask them to discuss their answers.. help them to think of a situation and of their answers to the questions in Exercise 7. Afterwards. playing their roles. ask students to write three or four sentences to summarize their findings. . and 3.. Afterwards. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa . PresenIo1ion alternative 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to present the group's findings. Ask students to listen and say which questions they discussed. Tell the groups to discuss situation 1. and .J or conciliatory language (1 see your point. an aggressive statement is often short and rude. nor. but . Allow 0 couple of minutes for each role-ploy situation. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to prepare to speak. Neither . J. Decide where to go together for vacation.•. Additional activity Divide the class into groups of three.. . Give each student in each group a letter. students should make a note of each other's answers and pay special attention to the ones they have in common. Then divide the class into groups pf fo ur and ask them to discuss the expressions in Exercise lb . Jane is assertive. T As they are ell assertive. . You could write the following phrases on the board to hetp students prepare their summaries: We found that whereas . elicit students' answers for Exer cise s b. After they hove finished. 3 Prepare After they have checked their answers. Rob is non-assertive.

Rob Okay. we still don't know each othe(s names. Jane How are you doing? Hove you finished yet? Rob Nearly.such a pain! I stop the car and gel out and tell them to leave the space. Every day. me too. rd ask people 10 introduce Ihemselves. in our Spanish closs. yes.. On 10 the third one. I don·tthink irs worth ge"ing in a fight. and we all sitlhere and soy nothing. so I'd jus! drive off. but the restaurant was very busy. Jane What do you do? Rob Well. this is a funny one .you find out so much about yourself. What about number 1Wo? Rob The restaurant. Jane Yes. we've both seen examples of thot . Jane Really? rm amazed. I haven't checked !he key yet.. finished ages ago.. This has happened to me so many limes . I hate not knowing people's names . Done all yours? Jane Yeah.you sow itlirst. remember? Wasn't very assertive of us! Rob No. Rob But irs so true. I've been in that situalion so many times.For Exercise 5 on page 44 . don·t you? Rob Do you? I'm not sure.. What hove you got for number one then? Somebody's just taken your parking space . the restaurant near the beach? Jane Yeah. you're right. Sut we just left it. right? Jane Ah. Okay. parking. I still haven·t done the lost two. . Unil 4 T 45 Together . so I can't really soy. Jane Really? Amazing. The food was terrible. so "bo.remember lost summer. I love dOing these things . Rob Right. Well. What have you found out then? Jane Well.

n. Together Unil4 . . . . But enough talking. or just loseil Do you always win. Say nothing. a I drive off without saying anyth ing. ? c Yeah. b Tell your friend that they're behaving like a thief and you won't lend them anything else. toot Well. I suppose you're right. whereas the others normally loset Just maybe you're the aggressive type. a I avoid using people's names and refer to them as "he" and "she" . What are a few books and CDs compared to friendship.Win. win. You've lust joined a c s 0 twenty students Rnd you don't know anybody' name. Do you win and do they win. What do you dol a I've never heard so much garbage in my life before! b I can see what you're getting at. b I insist that the other driver leave the space. Do you usually find yourse lf losing while the others wint Then perhaps you're the non-aggressive type. ( I threaten the manager with legal action . a Tell your friend firmly that you value your things and would like them back. anyway? '- a I complain to the waiter. take our questionnaire and find out who you are. if that's how things normally happen. c. c I go around introducing myself to everyone.. I have an argument with them and then drive off in a bad mood. you're probably the assertive type. but have you considered . b I leave it on the plate. b I suggest to the teacher that we all introduce ourselves briefly. .

(Phil is unlikely to going to get 8 promotion..:. good friend. Frs! conditional - on past evidence (often election. U. I' ll probably go to Europe.) I think the Democrats will probably win the lfl won the lottery.: " Phil got 8 promotion. 4 11 / I / meet / Nicole Kidman I I /ask / autograph If I meet Nicole Kidman . Vocabulary Summary 1 Family Types of family: traditional lamiy one-parent / single-parent / step prediction that depends on a futtxe cx. 1 fax expressions that mean statt a fri€ndship become friends. first conditional and one in the second conditional. -We can put the clauses in either order. very definite rootine or scheduled events.) We also use this conditional when the state or action in the if clause-contrary to a present fact: "I had a big house. girlfriend 3 Life stages go ~ out with a boy / have a baby ~ girl ~ get engaged ~ get married Unil4 ----------------------~ Together have mon3 children ~ get divorced .:. John's flight arrives at 16:20. plans or intentions: 8 decision made before Examples I'm going to study We use the second oondiOOnal to talk about a future result or action • 's lX1IikeIy because the concition in the if clause wi probably not be fuIfitt. then I won 't go. strike up a friendship 2 ooe wf1'o/ of describing a person you have I<ncrM1 lor a long tine old friend ff + present. I'd give a lot of money to poor poopl new iOb III accept it lflhey offer me a new job. ""--' 2 If I I /win I lottery I I I give 18 lot of money / poor people U I win the lottery. schedules. . the Republicans will win. win I won't + infll1itive If Malia goes to the party. U I went abroad next year. I'd accept it. Make two complete sentences from each set of prompts. real friend 4 ooe way of desCfibing a friend in a negative way fair-weather frie . then she might marry him." If + past. and other modal verbs (usually might or could) in the main clause: +""'" the tine 0 1 speakKlg definite plans: tickets medicine.. I'd probably go to Europe. I'll cancel the babysitter: We can put the clauses in either order: I'll cancel /he babysitter if James Is staying at home tonight. (otten with time adverbialsj We're leaving tomooow. I'd get 8 new job. I'd be much happier. Avoid repeating the verb go when you use going to: We're going to go to the movies. lcimity Family members: workJ:"'9 mother step mother / fathef I brother I sister han brother I sister mother / father I brother / sister~in-Iaw 2 Friends and friendship 3 First conditional Collocations with adjective + noun: best friend cbse friend fai'weather friend good friend geat friend old friend real friend _ Collocations with verb + noun: be friends become friends lorm 8 friendship keep friends make lriends strike up a friendsr'Compound nouns: frierdship boyfriend gI1friend "- Us. She's going to get manied. use gohg to.g. (I'm not you.. great friend . concerts The concert starts at eight o'clock. one j. form a friendship ." Adjectives: ftiencIY lXlfriendly Find these words or phrases from the lists above. he wiD bite you. e. 3 If I they I offer me I <J 2 Predictions about the future Fonn Use Examples gXlg to + verb predictioos for whK:h we have eVdenoe rv::m. '-1 If II go / abroad next year I I /probably go / Europe If I go abroad next year./ Sometimes going to and the present progressive have little or no difference in meaning: What are you doing this weekend? W1lat If someone famous were coming.. O'~ had too much to eat. or feel at the time of speaki"Ig will / won't + verb personal opinions about the future and predictions based It's goilg to rail. She might marry him if he tokJ het" he loved her. prog. No. appointments made. 0 em't have a big tnJse. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning of the sentence. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning ' the sentence. Fo. and arrangements Fann 4 Second conditional U . we would buy tickets for the festl'nlJ. I'll accept it. If he told her he loved her. I. we could move to the country. I'm seeing John tonight. )( We're gotJg to the movies. 3 five ways of describing a friend in a positive way best friend.) Fo.-e Simple present "esent booked.nc:jOOn ""'" fuIf"'" If you continue to amoy the dog. are you going to do this weekend? If you are IJ'lsure which form is correct. intentions. make friends. lflhey offered me a new job. I'd ask for an autograph. We use might when the result is less certain and could when there i element of ability or possibility..RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Future plans. etc. hea". I'll give a lot of money to poor people.) "I were you. baSed 00 SCfl'lE!thOg we can see. I 'll ask for an autograph. you'll pass the exam. then I wouldn't go.. close friend . The first conditional predicts a Mure result dependent on a future condition: If you wert hard. S two words that suggest a romanti: friendship boyfriend .e. would I wouldn't + infinitive If M8Iia went to the party. with think and adverbs such as definitely. It is possible to use other past forms in the if clause. If J met Nicole Kidman. It is possible to use other present forms in the if clause of a first conditional: If James is staying a/ home tonight. (look allhe clouds.) I'm going to feel bad tonight. They aI'Nays do \AIhen the economy is bad.

• Jina1Ly. _ .wmkr of things thd can 6e d.a/.f blunk J.J > Ll. o ---' Ll.h.e:rs OY far th. ~r fuu a ngN 10 e-:r.. Although To sum up.hem is a th.. compare your answer with the model on page 149.:y...I ieliew thd d is im. show each other and talk about the important new words you learned from the reading texts in Unit 4 .enimg IS a great sI<. Before you read an example of a discursive essay. fO/rl'li. professional.pess their 'ViewS clea.. 2 Respect is the key to the preservation of the family. Rrst.t:me to imprcrve ~s wIlkn the famuly .S and ciuuben should Want 1:0 Wt:en 1:0 each ci/wy.~. Say how you figured out lhe meanings. and conclusion.ey saw tf.ai.cd. "Very few Yf'41Ly an: .:.e nu-mUr of di. Step 2: Organize your ideas into paragraphs..ch. However. .>----. . . . Of personal reasoos.Ys..gns of this cYiSiS bxw.. It also introduces the main idea of the essay in one sentence that can either come near the beginning or the end of the paragraph. a RII in the blanks in each of the definitions below vvith introduction. 1 50me 1 The pwp(. Socond...Idh.. ~ >- 1 The fut ure of the traditional family is under threat..eiy OpiniDrlS.Ctzl:i../ agree /:hal. compte1eLy. . the writer argues for or against a main point of view. 3 The introduction provides the reader with the general direction of the essay.z o C) A discursive essay 1 Thinking about the main topic In a discursive essay. aYe st.e c!turm tha/.9 to sIww d.{y and firmLy.. why not 'Mile one? Here are some basic steps: Step 1: Look carefully at the title and brainstorm ideas. Jiyfl of aiL. .p:Jrtan/. and the punctuation. .YOU. Answer 2 is the best title. inm-ves Bi"Ve and I:ak.muni.s in 5cn>Ie pa-ds of the wrJrtd.J o 0.~ . Here are some possible essay titles: LMng in a small family is better than living in a big one. and a senSe of ye~ .. &n.e.i"Ve 4 Using fixed phrases in an essay a We use many fixed phrases In writing formal essays.e and this ~ of c.-eaf.. many pe<Jf/.tn:J. I believe that .ieved th. ~yS of the famuly sMu1d re5p«l wd. 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly Iaiay . Together Unit4 . AliAo«gh wd. d is 'W'I'On.stru. . in fi/l:y years (JY SO tile 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly wJl k <kep T/. . b Check your answers with the teacher. f ~ IAalthe famuly " lJ<.'V(JYCeS and the ." -ve'1f ''''f'J>'Ia.m 1:0 k groi Wt:e-n. cI. ' ..._ _ _ _ _ ! _~e:r<:tVt: oiLgalums 'n the family.i!L wIu. 1:0 t. and the conclusion. Step 5: Write the final version of the essay. tfus is 6ed adl.isYesped. the main body of the essay..*.famulies 10 _k Iogdher 10 strengthen /:. . ~ I"~~):. Note: you will have to discuss your essays/discursive essays at the end of Unit 5. o...ia!.. Jtaweny.ey.. - ~ ~ ~ &:II: 2 Thinking about the main idea a Look al these three titles for the essay below and then read it.anl in a happy famuly. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: writing a discursive essay If this type of essay is important to you for academic...1n .cn. discuss this question: D:J you think the tradition8l fam!ty unit is in danger? Why? / Why not? ~<K1 REVIEW Review your action plan: figuring out t he meaning of new w ords In pairs. /.. Being rich does not guarantee happiness. Step 4: Read the drall and focus on improving the organization of ideas. 'WIticA famuL}! kes can be 5trengt/Jened.h. Step 3: Write a draft version. the~ " the ~ of fyudgm and -..e cl. ["Ven 1:Jwugh.:'/'t. d/.in 7If:}f op:nam.. It is true that . the language. paYe:n). fqr...ance I. It restates the main idea of the essay and often finishes with the personal opinion of the writer. 3 5ecortd. For example. fay dh.ety 10 disappw.. b When you have fi nished .heiy ~S . -values sucf. ~--.. of the essay are discussed here. .:i GMng examples to support your argument Usting your points Expressing contrasts between two ideas Making conclusions 5.cf. is true tfuJ1 there are a td of pessures on. . Function Expressing the writer's opinion Examples In my view.d 1m. Technology has made life today easier..Y main body can be made up of two or more paragraphs. 2 The conclusion summarizes the main points dOCuSS6d. in about 250 words.. 3 The dangers facing the fam ily's survival can be prevented.aJue IS "Very i?>!fXJrl.. It is not true that ._~:~_ .CYeaSe in stngtepa.-c1»:t. 'n = .on.ren!. . complete paragraph 4 in the essay on the lell. . main body. as msped. b Compare your answers and justify your chOice. b Under1ine the main idea of the essay in the introduction and in the conclusion. 5 Applying what you have learned a In pairs.. Which title is the besl one? 3 Organizing a discursive essay This type of essay is usually organized into three parts: the introduction.It " the..--'.e. m'e a n. Study the list below and then add at least one example from the essay to each category.cen CQm. ~. Expressing other people's opinions Agreeing with other opinions Disagreeing with other opinions or a situation Some people saylbelieve tha1 . to tmk at ~s in. then. the famuLy Wiay and .b. Farst of aJl. The arguments for or against the main dea.~--' ..e.

read tho descriptions of usefu l. ad-. or both? washing mach ine paper clip dishwasher water cooler annchair answering machine food processor ironing board alarm clock hole puncher dishtoweI fi ling cabinet correct ion fluid slicky notes photocopier mouse pad cutting board fax machine ft"s the thing 11"0 use at home I in the offi ce fo r . heat 4 plast ics arc hard and durable. What are these objects made of? What do you think is the mosl common material we use today? b Read the article quickly and check your answers. 3 Reading skill s a Look at the pictures with the article on the opposite page. Write a title for the article. usi ng at least two of those words: invontion material accident importa nt most durable fortunate li fe-changing history c These statemen ts all contain factual errors. Say these compound nouns to yourself.. Read Ihe a rticle again and correct them. .cn.tion fluid 4 (1 flat surface that you put under a computer mouse so that it can move smoothly mouse pad 5 a contai ner that stores and chills drinking water water cooler b Put tho words from the box below in the table. 1 a small pieco of bent wire that we usc for holding pieces of paper together paper clip 2 small pieces of paper with glue on the back that are used for sticking notes on other papers and surfaces slicky notes 3 a white liquid used for covering mistakes in somothing you are writing r. 1 What informat ion about plastic was !lew to you? 2 What plastics do you use in your everyday life? 3 Do you profer plastic or natural materials? Why? c Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56.. read ou t the deflll itions for other students to guess the objects.ing verb Irs a kind of machine 10 piece of equipment that .orrer. Wh ich items can be found at home. new/modern/plastic 2 Inven tors spent a long li me trving to fin d the fi rst plast ic. discuss these questions.g.g 7>Ii1du. .. In grou ps.ir. Use the pictures and the li sl in Exercise lb to help you. 1 Society today uses a lot of traditional materials in the home and office. plastic 6 Plastic is the perfect recyclable material. found by accident 3 Parkes found that collodion turned into a solid if it was ex posed to i!... J. everyday What do you call that stuff/thins 1I"t' use for + . d In groups.. USEFUL LANGUAGE USEFUL LANGUAGE 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects a In pairs. in tho office... Others are soft or malleable 5 Planes have carried radar machines since radar was invented. mouse pad. Is the stress on the firs t or second word·~ washing machine paper clip dishwasher ~ b Li ston and check your answers.f' Yl:ng .i118 verb? inventions and guess what they arc.. not a perfect Home Office Both au.-ne dishwasher armchair food processor ironing board a lann clock dishtowlli cutting board ""'" """'" photocopier fax machine 7tII1Ck-ne filing cabinet mouse pad paper clip hole puncher correction fluid sticky notes ans. e. UnitS Eureka ! . Some.2 Pronunciation : stress on compound nouns a Compound nouns are made of two words. 's a small gadget/device/machine thaI . • •• • • • water cooler armcha ir answering machine c Write fl defin it ion of an object from Exercise lb (or choose your own) .

They should correct the mistakes and then look back at the relevant part of the text to find the answers and check their changes. Tell them thol they have one minute to 1001:: in their purses and pockets and. Answers will vary. In English. Play the audio for Exercise 2b. Many of the words in the text are descriptive adjectives. strong rubbery hord durable". Which one does the class think is Ihe most useful invention? 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects Have studcnts work in pairs to match the descriptions in Exercise 1a to tho objects. long-lasting soft silky '" soft and smooth like silk light heavy The oudloscrlpl for Track 20 is on poge T49 ~ Eureka! T 48 Unit 5 . ond why they think these ore useful inventions. Ask students to listen and check their answers. •• Pronunciation check 2 Pronunciation: stress on compound nouns Have students say where the main stress is in the compound nouns in Exercise 2a. tough". Check. rubber bond. Ask a lew. for example. eliciting student answers to the questions in Exerc ise 3a. students to repeat after you. splitting the original pairs. Remind them to use the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. meaning by asking students to use the adiectives to describe obiects in the classroom. 3 Reading ski lls Have a brief class discussion. This check. between Ihem. teads directly into the pronunciation focus of the next exercise.pairs 10 teillhe doss who! they chose. r. Divide the class into groups of four to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 3d. Then divide the class into groups of four to six. hard. poper clip. Suggested tiUes: The most important invention in history A fortunate and li fe-changing accident The most d urable malerial in history Have students work in pairs to correct the statements in Exercise 3c. Answers: All the objects in the pictures are made of plastic. Let students chock thoir answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. Ask students what plastiC objects they can see in the classroom.nd five interesting inventions .Objectives Grammar Topic: inventions Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading third conditional everyday objects stress on compound nouns a magazine article Speaking hypothesizing Put students in pairs. The strong stress In each case is on the first syllable of the first word. •• A good way to manage Exercise 2c is to put students in pairs to write definitions. students take turns reading their definitions aloud and guessing the objects. Note: Students may disagree with somo of the answers listed. Ask students to find them in the text. Give them a time limit of four minutes. Make sure both students write. In their groups. the stress is always on the firs! word of compound nouns.an eraser. As you elicit answers from the closs. lind remind them to use the phrases in the Useful La nguage boxes. Have students copy the table in Exercise lh into their notebooks and then work in pairs to complete it. Tell students to skim the article in order to do Exercise 3b. etc. Briefly review the answers with the class. read the words in each column aloud and ask. a fax machine may be found in both homes and offices. with the exception of a 'form clock ond co 'rrection fluid.

Then put them in groups of four to discuss the questions. or cooditional. wrile three or four errors you heard on the board . Don't interrupt students talking in groups iuSI note down errors with the third condilional that they make. go over the example carefully. In Exercise 4d. For example: work hard to do have more!less free lime wash/walch/listen to/use hod to been able to more/less healthy more/less Ihings In on aclly/ty like this one. Common problems and errors Using would in both clauses instead of just in the if. For Excrciso 2 on page 48 11.19\'8 !eft his collodion near heat. Ask the class to correct them. w~---------------. AI the end of the activity.without saying who mode them. 5 Speaking skills -Conection guide Give students a few minutes to look at the questions and think of answers. Parkes wouldn't hove discovered plastic if he weIMlR'! /. Quick grammar guide In many languages there are structures similar to the third conditional in both farm and meaning. Go around tho class and help. Review the rules and the form. If your students find it difficutl to be imaginative. which has no equivalent in English. Same languages use a compound subjunctive structure In the ifclouse. where students are trying to use a complex structure in a fluency actiYity. The main problem with the third conditioool in English is remembering to get all the parts right. clause. and then ask students to rew rite the sentences. washing machine paper clip dishwasher water cooler armchair onswering machine Unil5 T 49 Eureka! . Let students check their answe rs in pairs before as king individuals to come to the board to write their sentences. it is a good idea to go around the closs monitoring and noting down errors.tt LA 4 Grammar: third conditional Have students work in pairs to answer the chock questions in Exercise 4a and complete the rule in Exercise 4b. Walk around the room. write a few random phrases on the board a t the start 01 the activity which they might use to help them form sentences. m onitoring students and taking notes on any common mistakes you hear. 5tudents often try 10 reflect the subjunctive by using would + have + past participle in the conditional clause as well as the main clause.

dn. of plastic may be recycled. Just look around you . or disappear . went to his medicine cabinet o ne day to get some collodion.L. liquid used ill medicine.honge shope easi ly (.stcin hadn't d iscovered relativity. computers. wouldn't ~ havc llil d iscovered he wouldn't have discovered 8ravity. + 1!:!mM + have + pust parliclple (. ~ he htut.everything these days. which was conunonly used in film ~ making. Plastic is used in just about -. and it was o nly with the d evelopment of light plastics that radar could be fined to planes.{. How wo uld your life have been different if you'd boen born 50 yoars ago? 2 How would life. and discovered that the liquid had tumed into a tough. c 'IHJI&:i'}j. silky fabri cs..Recent history has seen countless new inventions that have changed the lives of most people on this planet. he wouldn't have become the nches! man in the world.ff 7i:m. Chuck your a. However. gradually rot.!!. are made of materials we didn't know 150 years ago? What. In fact. rubber y material. discuss those questions.how many of the things in your home or Jffice. was launched in l862. Parkesinc. strong. 2 Was techno logical development s low? No 3 Arc the events in the sentences in the past or 4 present? Past Can we change the facts? No 5 If Bill Gales had nol started Microsoft Microsoft If slarted Bi!l Gates hill1 llQ1.If Tim Dem ers Lee lli!.p~st . The first plastic. wouldn 't a t?ml ~ weapons have SCientists created S(. from grocery bags and children's toys 10 furniture. light and safe.:t h wouldn't havc becomc a profossor at MIT. we really wo uld have found the " wonder sruff"! GLOSSARY d Rowrite thu sentences by putting the underli ned words and phrases in the correct order. Alexander Parkes. If Parkes hadn 't disco vered that first plastic technological development would have bee.o from the article and answer the questions. b Find a similar sentence in the article and <:amplete this rulo for the third conditional. 1 3 If Ein. malleablc..lQLQf ~ . Because some plastics are resistant to extremes of heat and cold. the H yatt brothers in the United States im'ented a similar substance that they called cellulo id. before then radar machines were roo heavy. Plastics are extremely useful because they arc cheap to produce. ma rc and more people arc recycling. clothes that you're wearing. . soft. easily moldable substances. a lot slower.di!lli llillild a lot of people would have died.'}j. very durable and. durable plastics. kill thousands of fish and other marine animals every year. Since those early days m any different plastics have come into existence: hard. 5 Speaking skills In grou ps. an Englishman. ' ' 2 If Isaac Newton hadn 't sat under the ap ple tree 4 Grammar: third conditional a Look at thi s scntcn(.. for example. If Parkes hadn't discovcred that fi rst plastic. tools you're using.ollodion malleable 1 ~ the Web . which he realized was a reaction to heat. At about the same rime. but like many inventions. 1 If + . and in the no t~too-dista nt furure about 40". and discarded plastic can be d angerous. Plastic bags thrown into the sea./liLr/Jl!. in a papcr bag! But it can take up to 100 years for plastic to d isintegrate. if we could develop a plastic that was 100% recyclable.'t CYeaf:ed the Y"e6 he ha'"re ~ a ~ at 'JrLJr. Just think.llswur with the Grammar Summary on pagu 56 . it came aboul through a very fortunate accident. Replacement bod y parts are even made from plastic today! We obviously need this material. ~ .. have been d ifferent for your great grand parents (Circa 1920s) with these invcntions? washing machines TV video I DVD . to stop bleedi ng call (. technological d evelopment would have been a lot slower. ~ and cars.Ientisis wouldn't havll created a tomic weapons. they have facilitated the development of things as diverse as kitchen equipment and the space shuttle. in comparison with glass. the Internet modern medicine . is the most common material in your environment? "Jur lives would have been vcry different if plastic had not come along 150 ycars ago.'t disintegrate break up. 4 Did Parkes d iscover the first plastic? Yes If Al exander Fleming hadn't discovered penicillin. Imagine carrying a pack of fo ur twoliter glass bottles hom e from the supermarket.

mill in US U K. • healthy heaM + gd circularn OY'fJ"ns of choc.ptg counh-:/' Bril'n '>--1-- Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 forms of chocolate chocolate spreading to Europe how chocolate may be good for you the most "chocoholic" country in the world d In pairs. according to American researchers at the University of California. etc. leave out articles. look at yo ur notes. Cocoa soon became fashionable in Spain and Portugal. The Spanish were the first to add sugar to their cocoa drink. introducing chocolate to the average citizen. not only as a drink but also as a medicine. 2 But who first discovered this wonderful way of keeping healthy? The Olmec Indians of Mexico and Central America were the first to@Jow cocoa beans. GLOSSARY circulation the movement of blood around the body staggering amazing. and the Mayas were drinking unsweetened cocoa hundreds of years before it became fashionable in Europe. Can you add an ything to improve you r partner's notes'! c In groups. 6'g choc eaf. in about 1500 Be. Researchers warn that although chocolate is good for you . Paragraph 1 the popularity of other Paragraph 2 choc good foy !fou . Then read 'Paragraph I the article and check your answers.has fta'VGnoids. discuss these questions. chocolate is the number one comfort food and there are more "chocoholics" in Britain than anywhere else in the world. incredible chocoholic someone who is addicted to chocolate Unit5 Eureka! . in Switzerland . a delegation of Mayan nobles visited Philip of Spain and gave him jars of cocoa as a gift. S Since then . 1 Do you eat chocolate? If not. a Swedish scientist renamed cocoa theobroma or "food for the gods" . 4 By the middle of the century. and child eats a staggering nine kilos of chocolate a year! In fact. Then complete these notes wit h those details. One of the biggest chocolate-eating nations is Britain where the average man. In 1876. 1 Is chocolate good or had for you? It's good in small quantities 2 How was chocolate first Ilsed? As a drink 3 Which country has the most "chocoholics"? Britain 'PaYag Yaph J 'Paragyaph 1 b Read the article again and match each paragraph with a short summary. 3 In 1544.) 1 Reading skills a In groups. In the 17th century. Daniel Peter had the idea of adding milk in the chocolate-making process and produced the first milk chocolate. wh y not? 2 If you do. chocolate was becoming fashionable with the middle-classes. (Remember to use abbreviati ons. Chocolate contains substances called flavonoids that can help maintain a healthy heart and good circulation. 1765 Baker ~ Hanan lsi choc. a r . In 1753. solid chocolate was becoming familiar. otmecs grow cocoa ma!fas drink cocoa 1511 choc went -7 Spain + Pori sotui choc famd.and with no added milk. discuss the questions. Chocolate has also been shown to release endorphins in the body: these chemicals help to reduce pain and stress and make you feel happy. In 1765. James Baker and John Hanan opened the first chocolate mill in the United States. The word chocolate comes from the Nahuatl word xocolatl. how much chocolate do you eat? Are you a chocoholic? 3 When do people eat ch ocolate? Why do they like it so much? the origins of chocolate SCIENTISTS SWEET OVERY! 1 Good news for chocoholics: the treat preferred by millions all over the world is good for you. chocolate has grown enormously in popularity. which means "bitter water" . The researchers have discovered that cocoa acts like aspirin and that eating a bar of chocolate once in a while may contribute to a healthy diet. it should be eaten in small quantities .c Read the article once morc and underline the import ant details. woman.

healthy diet. with meat and really fatty.. Thanks very much for . and salt in foods? trs not surprising that you see 011 these fat kids . Anyway . A good way of handling Ihis activity is 10 go through the first paragraph as a class first. everyone. Presentation alternative 21i'-. Have them write their notes on a separate piece of paper.-. ask them to exchange their notes with a partner and make additions. healthy heart. You see.. but I bet there's not as much fat in a good stew or meat pie as in some stuff people eat today. and we encourage people to eotless fat today. chocolate is a great comfort food ~ sweet sticky.and adults .-. asking students which words they would underline. you know. Irs comforting.Objectives Vocabulary describing foad Topic: food Reading a magazine article Ustening interview with a TV chef Speaking discussing foods and diets Write on the board: chocolale cocoa milk sugar bitler drink solid xocolotl chocoholic Ask students whot the words hove in common. something hot and very filling. you know .. feel happy. When we get older.irs scary. notetaking is a challenging skill to acquire.s. Point out the abbreviation. you know? Host Whoa! I think we get the picture. and fewer carbohydrates..----. after a long day at school or who! Mom served when we were siCk... acts like aspirin. good circulation. gravy. then elicit answers. we like flavors fram the past.but of course people used to have a much more active lifestyle and could burn off all those calories. Why doesn't the government do something to stop kids eoting so much fost food and soft drinks packed with sugar? Why are soft drinks and snack machines allowed in schools? Why doesn't the government pressure the food industry into cutting down on the dongerousry high levels of fat.and irs what I wanted to come bock to. I'm sure that you'll be showing us the way with your new TIl series.comfort food .. Ask students to read the article to check their predictions.really hot. Matt ThaI's so right . Matt your baked chocolate cheesecake has just come in at the top of our vie'vVel"S' "best comfort food" poll. tends to be meat.good heartening meols with lots of calories . sugar...-. complete the note for :2. our ideas of what's healthy have changed. . Comfort foods do taste good too bad they usually have a high fat content Host 50 they're comforting.. what will comfort food of the future be? Candy bors and bags of chips? You know.and that we get more heart diseose and other problems related to dietl II makes me mod. Underline (or write in a list on the boordl: good for you. For Exercise 3 on page 51 !II Host Well.. flavanoids. yeah. even if Mom and Grandma never cooked anything that didn't come out of a con i Matt I'll come back to thaI.-. like burgers and those with high sugar and salt content..... Host Irs a bit of a cliche. tasty dishes. Host .. For mony students..-. I'm honored...s. Host But I must soy. Then ask them to do the some for paragraphs 3. and check with a parlner. One of the top comfort foods in the u.. reduce pain and stress. When you see families eating so much garbage today. I've always thought of comfort food as salty. good wholesome food. creamy . Plus. release endorphins. potatoes. we all have our own favorite comfort foods .. Put students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l e. 4. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Have students discuss the pre-reading questions in Exercise In in small groups. chunky. comfort foods tend to be ones we associate with Mom and Grandma. and another is a thick meat stew . or want to f~ kind of taken care 01. - Eureka! T 50 Unit 5 . but not very healthy? Matt They used to be thought of as healthy . Write healthy heart + gd circularn on the boord. Well. Encourage lots of speculation. Then ask students to underline key phrases in paragraph :2. here in the U. is meatloof. isn't it. After students have done Exercise le.. things with lots of butter. comfort foods are what we ate at Grandma's house. Moll... Answers will vary. that something chocolatey comes in first? Why is that? Matt Well.the food we eat when we're upset or depressed.. um . Then ask students how they would complete the note for paragraph 1. Ask students to read the article again and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise 1b. starting next week. and so many of them are really ovel"VoJeight . and 5. you look at kids today. too Host I see. We have to teoch them to cut down on fat-filled processed foods. Congratulations! Matt Thank you. Matt I suppose it depends on each person.

green vegetables. bored. t ·· ~ 3 Listening skill s Ask students about "comfort" food : IV/wi is it? Elicit examples of types of "comfort" food: chips. Find out which foods they th ink am the most healthy and which are the least healthy. On the board. oil Fiber: green vegetables. milk. play the audio aga in. 0011'1 snuck belw(J(Jn meals.•• 1i ffi 2 Vocabulary: describing food Ask students to work in pairs to match foods and nutrients in Exercise 2a . Ask studonts to listen lind check their predictions. sick. Don'l add a /01 of sugar or salt 10 food. If students aro not sure about the answers. Unit 5 T 51 Eureka! . cal more frui l and vegetables. End this part or the lesson by having two pairs of studen ts combine to form a group of four and discuss the queslions in Exercise 2d . etc.it cou ld be food like chocolate and candy. upset. potatoes. cake. We cat "comfort" food when we are depressed. Ask students in pairs to discuss tho words in Exercise 3b and together predict which ones they will hellr in an intervi ew about "com fort'· food. very tasty food. As groups report their answers. bu ild up a list of ways of improv ing our diet: Suggested ways of improving ou r diet Cu i down 011 fasl food. Ask students to complete the blanks in Exercise 3d and the n check with a partner. Afterwards. yogurt In Exerdse 2b. cookies. 4 Speaking skill s Ask st udents to read the opinions in Exercise 4a and decide which ones th ey agree with <1l1t1 why. fish. red meat Sugar: honey. pasta. legumes Protein : butter. yogurt. legumes. elici t ans wers from students. ask students to work in pairs 10 describe foods. milk. Suggested answers: Carbohydrates: hread. rice Fats: buller. Then ask them to tell their partner aboullheir typical diet in Exercise 2e. Eot a I'aried diel . etc. chocolale. jam Vitamins and minerals: fruit. or food Crom our childhood. Suggested answers: "Comfort" food is food that makos us foel good . st ressed. using words in the Useful Language and the Language Note boxes. Play the audio fo r Exercise 3c. The audiascripl for Tra ck 21 is on page TSO II. eggs. chicken. or it cou ld just be our favori te food. Thon put student s in small groups to toll ono another their opinions. find out whether the class generally thinks we should improve the healthiness of our d iet or whether they think it's okay.

beans.~ tarchy X i:> f IlII of f at / sail / S Ug (lf / fi ber .1 The chef ill the interview has the following opinions. 2 Vocabulary: describing food a Chocolate tastes so good because of its combination of sugar and fat.3 Listen ing skills a You are guing tu listen to an interview with a TV chefflbout "comfort food".. USEFUL lANGUAGE 4 Speaking skills . 4 The government should do someth ing to stup children from eating junk food.I LANGUAGE NOTE We say a foo d is high / /011' in or full of something. rich in vitamins / protein / iro n . l lowever. but it tends to be 2 hot and fi lling. lentils) red mea t rice yogu rt b Look at the foods in the picture and describe two of them. Do you agree with him? Why? I WilY not'l 1 We associate comfort foods w ith all!' childhood. spinach) honey jam milk oats oil pasta pot<. Look <.~ olty / sllgmy / creamy / healthy / unhealthy / .It this list of nutrients ill food.! . \Vhat we think of as comfort food depends on each 1 person/individual. fatty / oily I . c Do yotl have a hea lthy diet? Make a note of what YOIl eat on a typical day and discuss it ill p<lirs. They're full of vitalllins. d In groups . What kind of food do you think this is? When do you think we eat it? b Look at the words and phrases in the bux.g. . 2 We do not have an active lifestyle today.grandma . ' Most chips are high in fat alld salt. They usually have a high 5 fat content and may be thought of today flS unhealthy. 3 People often eat garbage todny. cnrbohydra te V fat content V fruit and vegetables fiber grandma V healthy V low in calories mefltloaf v overweight V potatoes V sour sweet V Listen to the interview and check your answers. .ifltc with ollr mom and 4 . high in millcm/s / c(lrbuh yd m tes . \'Vrite olle wurd or phrase ill each bhulk. We usually eflt comfort foods when we fcol 3 upset/depressed . Listen again and complete this summary of the interview. using the Useful Language below. 1011' in :>(/It I sllgor . Check the ones you think you will hear in the interview.g. 5 The food industry shou ld cut down 011 fat flnd Sfllt in food. If we say a food is rich ill somothing. Which types 01' food in the box be low do you assodflte with them? Food nutrients: cflrhohydffltes fats fiber protein Sllgflf vitamins and minefflls bread butter chicken eggs fish fruit green vegetables (e. cabbage. These can be positive or negative: Eat your vegetable. 1 What balance of foods makes healthy diet? 2 Is obesity a problem in your count ry? Why / Why not? Is it worse thiHl twenty years flgo? 3 Is obesity in children a problem? b Can you think of olher ways of improving people's dieU .. discuss these questions.ltoes legumes (e. and the y are often dishes we assor. which results in a population that is 7 oVt:rweight and suffers from problems such as 8 heart disease . it is alwa ys positive: Liver is rich in iron. there is a lot more fat and 6 sugar / sail in much uf the processed food we eat toda y.

1 Columbus set out to prove that the earth was round. for example. 4 There is no doubt that Columbus was of Italian descent. "I settlers rebelled against him. and Columbus was By. Then decide on the correct order of the paragraphs.~ea~~:~n ~~e East Indies.. He made two further voyages before the er of the century. l ID 2m 3 !!!l 4m 5 1!:) became a sailor at an early age and had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made famous voyage in 1492. of ~serendipity".l Islands (now part of IndoneSia).'as with any historical icon. Unit 5 E ureka! ... thiS time. and the Italians claim he was from Italy.01d baCk. Can you answer any ofthe othersY If not. he ha -~ edly discover 0 . QUI~IIY at the age of 55 in Valladolid. Spain . try to find out the answers.y for a new route to the Sr'''e was that Columbus was I~ In~nd he believed he could rt. The Spanish say he was from Spain. V' 1 Where was Columbus born and misedY 2 When did he leave his native country'! ict V 3 What were the reasons for the "voyage 4 5 V6 7 8 of discovery" in 1492? Who sponsored ColumbllS on his voyage of 1492Y Where exactly did he land at the end of the voyage? What were the reasons for the second and third voyages? What was the percentage of women traveling to the New World in 1498? What was the reason for his death in 1506Y c In pairs. Columb'os didn't sail to the Americas in order to find out whether the Earth was round: at the end of the 15th century almost everyc knew it was a sphere. . Contrary to popular belief. the King and Queen soon I i saYln. was the size of the earth . he also took women 10 the New World. 5 He when he unexpect d had sailed for 3. We do know that he sailed in part to fulfill a religious quest: he saw his journey~ a fulfillment of a divine plan for his life. Columbus: I known reason for this Voy~ge Of course . with a crew made up mainly of experienced sailor" from the area. however.-.. st The discovery of the New them by sailing west rather th~n ea . and. some evidence that he was born in 145 Genoa.I) those questions. there are as many myths as truths about the man.00 ml e . other commo~. in a Spanish prison. ed the Americas. 6 No women traveled to the New World with Columbus.as not a happy one for Columbus. and he was unable to send a of 9. taking Europeans across to colonize the new lands. so he was arrested and re turned to Spain ' . There is. 5 Columbus died in poverty.. Take. fore a claSSIC case d n World was there .. GLOSSARY serendillity when something valuable is disco\'ered by luck quest a search for something Everyone knows the name of Christopher Columbus. He was a I I nch man at the time of his death. - h~~.Serendipity - 1 Speaking skills How much do you know about Christopher Columbus? In groups. in fact. 3 Tht! crew of the three sh ips on the voyage of discovery was made up mainly of criminals. However. which is now part of I art Columbus left on the voyage of discovery from the south of Spain. On his third voyage in 1498. In 1". in chains. 2 Rea d ing skills a Read the paragraphs about Columbus quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1.g there had been a mistake. ask and answer the questions you checked in Exercise 2b. 1500. What was in question..'2 . decide if these common beliefs about him <lrc true or false. "'-" i third voyage w.... traveling . on May 20 1 In hiS ~wn apartment attended by family and friends. Columbus was not a well man and he diF' . ch~lns. the disagreement about his Some people say he was a converted Jew. b Which of these questions does the article answer? Check (.its circumference.. 2 Columbus began his journey in order to win glory and riches.

he. At the end of the first voyage. 2 Readi ng skills Set II time limit of five minutes and tell students thaI they have to read very quickly in order to put the paragraphs in order. To take Europeans to colonize the new lands. As students work on Exercise 2a . Answers: They are all false . and then ask students to match each word in A with its synonym in B. LeI students check in pairs before sharing their answers with the class. reveal any truths at this stage. To find the size of the Earth and to fu lfill a religious quest. Then pili students ill pairs 10 ask and answer the questions. etc.Objectives Grammar Topic: the story of Christopher Columbus Reading a biographical article Writing a short story Speaking discussing myths about Columbus past perfect simple and prog ressive Write serendipi/y on the board and explain thol it means when something valuable is discovered by luck. Ask students to lell you what difference. Ask students Whol is the {uckiesllhing fhol has ever happened to yoU? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Pu t students into groups of four 10 discuss the "common beliefs" in Exercise 1. A reach joumey find set sail go back B discover leave voyage return arrive lin/atl Culture note Additional activity Inote: a voyage is a journey by seal Eureka! T 52 Unit 5 . Ask students what grammatical clues might help order paragraphs in a story: use of the post perfect: use of before and affer: use of shortened forms and pronouns . remind them to refer to the Glossary.Christopher Columbus . When sludents report back to the class. find Oul whether they know any other facts aboul Columbus. if any. Presentation alternative - Ask students what clues they might find in a biography that will help them put paragraphs in order: order of dotes: order of life events . disc uss with the whole class whether the ··beliefs·· in exercise 1 are true ur false. Columbus was sponsored by Ferdinand V and Isabella of Spain. A good way to start the task is to ask studenls 10 read the first line of each paragraph very quickly ond tell you which paragroph has to be the first. Ask students to put a checkmark next to the questions in Exercise zb that the article answers. Write the words from the text below in two lists on the boord.. This task can be very time-consuming unless students know how to approach it Plan to spend a little time preparing students for the task. Student answers will vary.was born. he landed in what is now the Bahamas before soiling on to whal ore now Cuba and Haiti . there is between the words they have matched. Afterwards. t . Answers: In the text: He was born in Genoa. died. There ore many words in the text connected with travel. grew up. but don'.Columbus . Briefly discuss students' answers with the class.

3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive In Exercise 3a .. and then ask students to make sentences. The next student has to vvrite the next sentence. Afterwards. ask students to write the sentences on the board and underline the past perfect forms. then pass the piece of paper.. Go around the class helping students with ideas and vocabulary. had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made his famous voyage in 1492 A . sb Columbus felt depressed because tbe Portuguese king bad refused to help him. Answers: 2e Cohunbus was impatient to set off because he'd been thinking about this voyage for years. Students will make a variety of errors and will need plenty of practice.. You could let students compare their notes with those of a partner before they write their stories. Answers: 8 Columbus .. Ask s1uden ts in pairs to choose the correct answer in Exercise 3b. Let students check their answers in pairs before you ask individuals to come to the board and write their sentences. 4d Columbus was anxious to travel because he had been reading about Marco Polo.. Ask each student to write the first line of a story at the top of a piece of paper. Then ask students to read the story and fill in the blanks with words from exercise 4a. Uni15 T 53 Eureka! . Students should pass on their pieces of paper so thaI each story goes around their group twiceresutting in four eight-line slories per group. Ask students to write the story and then exclHlIlge it with a partner. They ore often used in narrafives and often used with connectors like ofter or before. Presentation alternative Introduce the shon story in exercise 4b and pre-teach vocabulary by writing the following phrases on the board and checking their meaning: off-duty (firefighter) = not working grab (0 fire extinguisher) = toke hold of suddenly a burning smell smoke put out a fire".. Go around the class and help. Additional activity Put students into groups of four. extinguish Ask students what they think the short story in Exercise 4b might be about. Go through the example carefully in Exercise 3d . Ask one person from each group to read their best story aloud. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their note books and then work in pairs to complete it.000 miles. C . 3c Columbus was delighted when Isabel agreed to help because he had been looking for support for his journey. Ask student readers to ask their partners at least two questions about their story. He thought he had arrived in the East Indies. students to pass their piece of paper to the next student in a clockwise direction. Then ask. using a connector. Point out another use of the past perfect in the Language Note. They have to use a connecting word in the sentence. there had been a mistake The clause with the simple past happens first in time. Common problems and errors The form of the post perled progressive is long and complex. Give students a few minutes to think of a "serendipity" story of their own. Quick grammar guide The pas! perlecl simple and progressive ore used to refer back to something that happened earlier. have students work in pairs to find past perfect sentences in the article. and then ask them to use the questions in Exer cise 4c to help them make notes. he had been sailing for three weeks and had sailed for 3.

Wh y did the King Gnd Queen apologize to Columbus? Because there hod been a mistake. when/where d id the event take place? what were you doing at the time? what had you been doing before the event? what was the unexpected thing that happened? • what was the result of Ihis unexpected event? d Use your notes to write the story (approximately 120 words) of "a case of serendipity" . Time links six years ago. and . Usc the questions below to make notes about the story. and. a woman ran in.en k yeacfwd !and kcause he tlwughl he Iuui drtoYerrd the [ad.. 1 at the same time as the events in the simple past. also although as soon as because eventually fortunately in addition in the end luckily suddenly later too when while Find other sentences in the article using the pasl perfect. 1 Write the story.dJ. neith er . fortunately. suddenly And-type links I __ sailed for 3. Which part of the sentence happens first (in lime) . luckily. e. 7 fo rtunalely . Columbus made journeys as far as Iceland and Guillea. he had been traveling for three weeks. 3 Give it to anot her student to read. as soon as. We form the past perfect progressive with had + past part iciple + -ing verb. eventually after that. in the end. unless. smoke started pouring out of the hood. and ran into a compute r store. and put out the fire. You are going to read another short story about serendipity. e He had been looking for support for his journey. or It was raining to The sun \Vas shining.2 Read yo ur story and correct/edit it if necessary. E ureka! Unit 5 . . 1a cdw"rnj. 6 While ! wus talking.In. also. 4 Wri ti ng skills a Columbus' discovery of tile Americas is one of the most famous examples of serendipity. nor.g. Look at the underlined phrases in the story above an d try to use similar phrases in your story.000 miles when he discovered the Americas. using connecting words and land? 2 Why was Columbus impatient to set off? 3 Why was Columbus delighted when Isabel agreed to help? 4 Why was Columbus anxious to travel? • • • • 5 Why did Columbus feel depressed? a He thought he had discovered the East Indies. put these connecting words and phrases in the table. phrases where you can . grabbed a fi re extinguisher. The woman explained Illat she was an off-du ty fire~figh ter. d He had been reading about Marco Polo.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive a Look at these two sentences.es.000 miles ----. while either . was on my way home from work one evening 1 six years ago . 1 Why was Columbus hap py when he reached I'll never forget the day I met the love of my life. Read you r partner's story and ask questions to fin d out more information . First. When he unex pectedly discovered the Americas.. II was raining 2 ~ the streets were deserted. when. in addition. e Look at the sentence and complete the rule for the past perfect p rogressive. loo but. 5 ~ I pulled off the road. 4 Suddenly . laler. although so. change one evening to one morning.. or. she had been passing the store at thai time! 'TWo years 8 laler .. .. 3 after the event in the simple past. Theil he made his famous voyage in 1492. d Make sentences by joining the questions and answers below with because. ® before the time referred to in the simple past.us "W!lS fuzpP1J 1+"h. I had been driving for about 20 minntes 3 when I no ticed a strange burning smell.. Find aile sentence in the article that means the same. because unfortunately. PAST 1492 + But-type links NOW Cause and resuillinks Feelings and attitude Columbus had sailed for 3. The manager let me use the phone to call a garage. the clause with the simple past or the one with the past perfect? b Look at the diagram and choose the correct answer. e He'd been thinking about this voyage for years. LANGUAGE NOTE The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: b Read the short story and fill in the blanks with words or phrases from Exercise 4a. ju mped out of the car. we got married! c Think of a case of serendipity in your li fe or in the life of someone you know. b The Portuguese King had refused to help him.. The past perfect tells us that something happened . and then write your own story.

this new mu lti·pu rpose phone will keep you happy. replay ii. With TiVo you can pause the action on TV. and plays your favorite CDs. Give your reasons. much more! Handy scanner The C·Pen pocket scanner means you will never have to search the streets for a photocopy store again. J 4 Wi ll it be useful to a lot of people? 5 will it be attractive and stylish as well as useful? 6 will it he expensive? 7 Will it be easy to use" 8 will it sell in other countries? have changed our lifestyle in important ways.. book travel tickets. It can store up to 3. and that will eXIst In th o fut ure. and l iVo keeps recording ahead so you won't miss a thing. ye! but that you think we need... 1 already exist? 2 do you think are going to exist in the future? 3 will never exist? d Which of these gadgets would you like to have'! Why'! I Why not? 3 Prepare Write a description of your gadget (about 60 words). and for people who are physically disadvantaged. you just think of the command that you want to give to the computer. and is basically a small portable scanner that can read and memorize a text line. do online banking. ThiS is the ideal gadget if you su ffer from Repetitive Action Syndrome. Discuss these questi ons. It looks like a high lighter pen.1 Warm up a In groups. TiVo TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to interact with Jive TV. Usc the texts below to help you. Thought-control computer How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts and acts upon them? You won't need a mouse or a keyboard. or see aU the action as it happens in slow motion. 1 What will it he used for? 2 Who might use it? 3 Where will it be used? (at home I in the office . ex ist. invent a gadget that you think is go~ng to be useful to you or other members of your socmty.000 pages of text.by-line and then transfer it directly to your PC. and the cursor wilt move where you want it to. the TV wil! continue from the point where you left off. tlw invention of plastic b Think of poss ible inventions that don't. Which of the gadgets .. If we had a gadget for ironing automatically. and has Internet access. life would be much easier for people. think of inventions or discoveries that 2 Task In grou ps. Unit5 E ureka! . c Read the descriptions below of four gadgets. MultiPhone If you're looking for a cetlphone that lets you see the person who you 're talking to. When you go back to normal viewing. It allows you to send e·mails. and much . a video camera.

ask students to feod the descriptions and answer the questions. 2 Task Divide students into groups of four to six to invent their gadget. In Exercise I e . Presentation alternative 3 Prepare Using the ideas from exercise 2. Eureka! T 54 Unit 5 . Example: one person acts as a facilitator. have students in groups make a list of inventions or discoveries. In Exercise lb . making sure everyone speaks. Encourage all possibilities. first and second conditionals specialist magazine ads Ustening a description of a gadget Speaking inventing and presenting new gadgets 1 Warm up In Exerc ise la . then elicit a class list and write it on the board . Let them discuss their answers in their groups before describing them to the whole class. Assign students roles in their group. Answers will vary.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventing gadgets Reading defining relative clauses. have students work in groups again to think of possible inventions. One person draws 0 picture of the gadget. ask students to write a short description of their gadget (60 words). One person writes notes. Ask them 10 discuss their answers to the questions.

Irs very small and irs mode of skin. 8 Excuse me? A Yes.. It consists of a little box that contains a microphone and amplifier. around.. in your in-troy at work. One person from each group has 10 lurn around so that he/she con'l see the board... Ask the rest of the closs 10 walk.. 8 Is the eorpiece obvious? A Not at all. ready 10 answer questions.colored plastic . Which group can guess alilhe words first? ~~. Ask students to work with a new partner to describe their ohjects.. Write a lisl of everyday objects on the boord. 6 Notice Read through the rules about relative clauses and go ovor tho oxamples as a class.. For example: cellphone camera MPJ player Discmon TV remote control Each group has to describe words to the person who can't see them.. Then have a class vote. . . t . fo r people who are physically disadvantaged After students have completed Exercise 6b. Additional activity Collecllhe wriHen descriptions and posllhem on the walls of the classroom.. ff you're looking for a cell phone that lets you .4 Feedback Ask for a few volunteers to tell the class about their gadgets. A Okay. Answers: CyberBug is a device thai allows you to listen in on poop Ie's conversations .. he/she can move on to Ihe next word.. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to think of an everyday objcct and how to describe it.. let them check their answers in pairs. '1J Iii' •• 5 Compare Play the aud io for Exercise 5. basically a small portable scanner that can road. Unit 5 T 55 Eureka! . uh ... or even on your belt at the gym. Put students in pairs 10 lind and underline examples in the lexts in Exercise 6a. CyberBug is a device that allows you to listen in on people's conversations. our gadget is called CyberBug. and you can hear people who are talking up to 50 meters owoy. Ask students to listen for answers to the questions and then d iscuss them in small groups or as a whole class.. How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts . You can put the box in your bog or briefcase.'----------------------------------. Ask. one person from each group 10 stand next 10 the description. and a small earpiece.. read the descriptions of the gadgets on the wall. When the student has guessed the word. Answers: TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to . and ask questions. Divide the closs fnta Group A and Group B..

. yJUY caY. Don't name the object! Can your partner guess what it is? E ureka! Unit S . The switch immobilizes your car. . II also contains a switch that immobilizes your car. The police can pick up the signal. [f your reaction times are slow.fuf. we do not use commas: CyberBug is a device that allows YOIl to listen in on people's conversations. Take notes on the other groups' inventions. Answer !J18 questions. Make notes about it and describe it to your partner. you can hoor people who are talking up to 50 meters oway. a Read the descriptions in Exercise 1 again and underline examples of relative clauses. It fits in your car. b Vote on the best invention in the class. 7 Follow up Choose an everyday object.. and ask questions about them if you want. it sends out a signal. Police can use it to stop drunk driving. according to the criteria in questions 4-8 of Exercise 2. it sends out a signal that the police can pick up. 5 If your reaction times are slow. 3 It is a precaution . The poUce can then arrest people who are drunk and shouldn't be in their cars. 7k . 5 Compare ~ Listen 10 someone describing a new invention. 1 The Alcohol Sensor is a small gadget. The sensor identifies people who have had too much to drink.d 5e"-'" ~ a 9mOfl gadfJd !:Iuzf.. 7 The police can then arrest people. 6 It also contains a switch. The sensor is attached to a computer that measures your reaction limes. If the information is essential to the meaning of the senlence. II is a precaution that police can use to slop drink driving..s on. To do this we use clauses beginning with th at.4 Feedback a Describe your invention to the class. Do they describe things or people? What information do they give us? b Combine the sentences in each pair with a relative pronoun. or who. 1 What is it and what does it do? 2 Would you like to have one? 3 When would you use it if you had it? 6 Notice 'Using relative clauses in descriptions When we describe ob jects (or people) we often add information that gives important details or differentiates the object (or person) from others. It consists of a little box thai con/oins a microphone . This measures your reaction times. The people are drunk and shouldn·t be in their cars. which. 2 The sensor identifies people. fd. The people have had too much to drink. 4 The sensor is attached to a computer.

... it Fonn past perfect si~: subtect + had + past participle I had already seen the movie.e. filing cabinet 2 Describing food Nutrients: carbohydrates. heart problem Will had been experiencing pain for several weeks before his was diagnosed. after. She got her degree after she had completed all the courses successfully. i.) We were really /ate and when we anived at the party. so I didn't want to last night.) Isabel left ' oh n because sh e h ad fa llen in love with someone else. happen.'Cause he had ~'Cn drinking... ) The streets were wet because it had been raining I it had ra ined .. protein. (Fleming did discover penicillin. dishtowel cutting board 1 Everyday objects Read these descriptions of gadgets and decide which object from the box they describe. unhealthy.. cutlins honrd 2 Past pertect simple and progressive Use To show sequence in the past.- 1 If I hadn't studied . thel1 our friends left. using the clues given or your own ideas.. The past perfect progressive is used for ongoing actions or situations 'Nhich continued until. high in . 4 Why were the streets wet? (rain . she wouldn't have met Jeff.. rich in .. (The Russians didn't use nuclear weapons in the Cold War. 3 If I had won . then compare them with a partner.. food p rocessor Note the difference between the simple past arx::I the past perfect: I cutting hoard We were really late and when we 8IriIIed at the party.. healthy.. low in . ) They missed t he pl ane hecause they had arrived too late. ironing board oIarrn clock paperclip hole punche< correction fluid sticky notes mou"" pad 2 If ' hadn't met .. creamy. vitamins. our friends left. bitler.) He wreck~d the car 1 >t. sugar. rNe arrived.. Why did they award her the Nobel Prize? Because she had fought for peace aU her life..'ho are not at home or in the offIce.. sour.) The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: 5 This is very useful for people v. exams. Fonn If + 5 Why were her eyes red? (cry .. . starchy Expressions: full of ' . Then underline the relative clause in each one. our friends had 18ft. when in reality it did: If Fleming hadn't discovered peniciUin. arx::I minerels Adjectives describing food: sweet. sally.. 2 It's a device that makes holes in sheets of paper.. UnitS Eureka! . 8/ot of peopJe would have died from bacterial infection. or stopped just before the past time we are talKing about: sugary. see it again past perfect progressive: subject + had + been + -ing verb Susan had been waiting frx an hour before Tom anNed. If Penny hadn't gone to the party. ) Her eyes were red would / wouldn't + have + past participle past perfect..) We can also imagine consequences of something that did not 1 INhy did Isabel leave John? (fall Il love .hole punch er 3 This machine takes telephone messages for people v. fatly.. when.. he wouldn't have failed his 6 Why did he wreck the car? (drink . (Our friends left. answer i n g machine 4 This is a machine that you use for a lOt of jobs when you're cooking. Think of explanations for the following problems. Vocabulary Summary Home Office water cooler photocopier fax machine Both answering machine filing cabinet washing machine dishwasher arrnchaK food proce=. Find two types of food In the box that are usually .'ho find it difficult to wake up in the morning! al arm clock 6 This is a type 01 cabinelthat we use lor storing files arx::I papers. We can put the clauses in either order: Penny wouldn't have met Jeff if she hadn't gone to the party. ~'Cau se she h 011 heen crying. 3 Why did they miss the plane? (arrive late . fiber. oiy.. wouJdn '/ have fJflded in the '990s. when we imagine consequences of actions that in reality didn't happen: If the Russians had used nuclear weap::l(lS in the Cold War. fats... 1 This is something that I use 'Nhen I want to cut up vegetables. If Ross had studied harder.. I had become quite profICient in Spanish befrxe I visited Latin Amerk:a.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Sum mary 1 Third conditional Use To talk about actions or Situations in the past that are contrary to knoINn facts.) 2 Why did Mike have a stomachache? (eat a lot . ) Mike hu d a stom ach ach e because h e h ad eaten too much . We put a comma after the if clause if it comes at the beginning of the sentence. .. then we arrived. 1 high in salt 4 oity but healthy 2 sour to the taste 5 rich in vitamins 3 very unhealthy 6 starchy We had been living in Chile for several months before we really feJt at home there. for an action that happeoed before another. Compktte the third conditional sentences. It is oftElfl used with connectors such as before. 4 If I had been born in .

often = 3 b Add up your score and check the key on page 149.. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: making opportunities to speak English Talk to your partner about how you could speak more English. And the pressure makes my m ind go blank. So. 2 Speak English in groups during class. I need t ime to think exactly how I'm going to say it. 1 Speak English in pairs during class. Then complete this action plan . Note: you will have to report back on your action plan at the end of Unit 6. 10 Use a dictionalY to help with pronunciation and stress. 2 From now on.. ~ . 3 Practicing the strategies ~ a Usten and repeat the phrases from Exercise 2c. Eureka l Unit5 . If not. me... you mean that you want to leave the jOb? 7 Speak English to other non-native speakers. for example at an English language club.. 4 Talk for one minute non-stop about what attracts you to other people.. • You also want to know if it's okay to say "to move on a diet" in English. look at the problems these students of English have and check the ones you have experienced. 2 Talk about your studiesljob. b In groups. 4 Talk to classmates in English outside of the classroom. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 mreo sometimes often 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O· 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 c A gcxx:l way to manage these problems is to learn some phrases to use when these situations occur. how can I put it? I want to leave my job. .U o 0.. I . 1 Talk about your fam ily. Have imaginary conversations in English.. I am going to speak more English in class by .. 3 Speak English to your teacher in class.0 If I notice that the other person doesn't understand me. sometimes = 2. ex Speak up! Are you missing those valuable chances to practice your speaking? Take this little test and find out by checking the boxes on the right.0 Sometimes I feel pressured when I have to say something . 0 0 0 0 ill bottles of wine? 2 Is that clear? Do you understand me? @) What I mean is. 3 What do you call that thing for opening Is there a word or expression for when you can't think because your mind is frozen? Can you say "my mind went blank" in English? 4 Uh. ® say that again. How often do you do the following? >- o --l L. I usually panic . - 8 Speak English to native speakers. Then I have to st op and that really frustrat es 20 I' m tal king and everything's okay. Well. . I am going to speak more English outside of class by .U > L. see how much you can remember about discursive essays arKllheri compare your ideas with page 47.. talk about your action plan from page 47. discuss what you do in these situations. I want to leave @ myjob. show it to your partner. Then the other person says somet hing and I'm suddenly lost because I don't understand them. rarely = 1 . b In pairs... S Talk to friends in English. what I want to say is I want to leave my job. Did you write a discursive essay? If so. there 'Nill always be moments INhen you get stuck. I didn't understand the part when you said you wanted to leave the job. Check that your partner understands. please? 1 Could you speak a little more slowty I I'm sorry. 9 Speak English to native or non-native speakers on the phone. ::J questionnaire . but talk quickly. 6 Talk to American friends in English. I want to leave the job. This is normal when you learn any foreign language. let me think . That ma kes me feel very insecure. 2 Strategies for getting around problems when speaking a However much you practice speaking English. . 3 Ask your partner to help you: • You don't know the word for people who are addicted to chocolate. take turns talking about these situations. Practice the strategies. Look at these groups of phrases and match them with the situations in Exercise 2a.z z o C) ~ Speaking 1 Maximizing opportunities to speak English a The best way to improve your speaking is to speak! Check hOw well you are doing by complet ing this ij<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan: Discursive essays In pairs. $coring Add up the fX>ints you received for each question: never = 0. "- 10 I'm speaking and suddenly I need a word or ph rase but I don't know it in English.. 1 From now on. 11 Record yourself doing a role play or 12 reading aloud. Um .

my glasses) and change the places suggested flbove..1 or CQuldn'l .000 4 In which country were Panama hats first made? a) Panama 3 Pronunciation: co ntractions Listen to the sen tences from Exercise 2a again. 2 Grammar: deduction and possibility in the past Listen to some sentences fro m the discussion.. 5 But they cou l( have orne from Ecuador.ll... you mighl have put it in the dmwer. Guess the answers if you don't know them . .am + past participle Use: for certainly that something is true. ® 37.700 words 4 he j 'hl hav Titten 200 plflYs. thoy . words . Form : modal vern + . B Well . @»They died on the same day.000 words! 3 ~11~ h. I already looked.m. Complete them with modal verbs.000 words c) 370.u.. keys.JlliI>-.IdI.". . Unil6 WOfds.g. A No.'Cn my wallet? I can't find it anywhere.h. or Philip. or .:cJjn't JuiVl!. the remote control.. b) 200 (3)2.ighL. 2 How big was Shakespeare's vocabulary? a} 3. 1 Shakespeare wrote lots of plays. That's (j J supposo Or it ~~. c Cover the dialogue and practice it again. That's 1 What do William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes have in common? a) They were born on the ndlct~ possibl ~ same day.-~:::-. Do you agree? ~ c Listen to some peop le discussing the q uestions and check your answers. discuss your answers.000 words 3 Approximately how many plays did lope de Vega write? a) 20 Tho spoaker is 100% suro thi s is not true The speaker is f 1 3 4 5 6 2 100% sure this is true c Now complete these rules about ded uction and possibility in the past.. ~ no idea. we use .:~v ~een AlLert.. L How certAin arc the speakers in each of the sentences above? Put the number of the sen tence in tho correct place.vnyrdn'l h~ written 2. Listen to tl~loglle.ld. A No.co.000 plays. it isn't there..ust. words. then practice it with II partner. I have h.1 Speaking ski lls a Take the quiz below. J must have done that. for certainty that something is nol true. I didn·t take it out with me. A Have you s(.written the same number. 2 So Shnkospellrc€ 91ad a vocabulary of 37. I'll check. . and for possihility . This time change IV(Jl/fJ/ (e.m. B No. A Oh. Circ:le the contractions YOll hear in Exercise 2a. J cill1 'l have left it there. yes. You could have left it in the car. so theyG n'U ~wrillen the same number. @ Ecuador c) the United States 5 What are the Canary Islands named after? a) a type of bird @ a type of dog c) the daughter of a queen 6 What was the first name of King George VI of England? a) George b) Philip @JAlbert b In pairs. my cell phone. H Ah! Then yOlL must hilve left it in the bed room when you c1wnged earlier. e} They wrote the same number of plays .

and novelist who wrote ploys about love and honor. Da you two know Lope de Vega? e I've heard of him. Well. The answer is c. question 1. go ahead. B Okay. his name could have been George A Or il may have been Albert or Philip. Thors ridiculous l A I agree.37. Bul why are they called Panama hots Ihen? B I don't know. Darren's right.irs b. elicit answers from the Shakespeare 11564.000 plays. calm down. Thars possible. B Yeah. Ask students in pairs to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. I Okay. And the answer is. and write 100% not Sllrc to the left of it and 100% sure to the rigbt. b. I know the answer. A Yep.. Monitor students for pronunciation mistakes with contractions. man.. / So.000 words. irs too obvious. because people didn·t have records of births in those days. I suppose he might have written 200 plays. that was George III. A Okay. dramatist. C No. B No. LeI's check. e Well. Ask students where they think the other sentences go on the line. Anyway. S Okay. comedies. but Panama is 100 obvious.. 2.16161 was England's greatest ployv. (pauses to readl b! Correct . A You do? C Irs a type of dog. And the correct answer is . lers soy thaI. Culture note 2 Grammar: de d uction and possibility in the past Play the audio and ask students to complet e the sentences in Exercise 2a with the modal verb they hear. we did ok . should I look at the answer? Right . They must have been mode in Panama. me.'righL He wrote histories. too. Next question. Irs c. words. Draw a line all the board. What are the Canary Islands named after? A Let me lake a look. Miguel de Cervantes 11547-16161 was a Spanish author and dramafist. ighI. King Lear.. ~ 3 Pronunciation: contractions Draw students' attention to the example in Exercise 3<1 . A Was he the crazy one? B No. So what do you think? B I've read thaI Ihe overage adult these days has a vocabulary of between 25. Play the audio for Exercise 3b.000 words! A Yep. A Is that so? e So Shakespeare must"ve hod a vocabulary of 37.. I'll take a look. II comes from the Latin word for dog ~ canis .OOO! Lers look at question 3. Question 4. George Vl's first name. didn't Cervantes write mostly novels? And Shakespeare wrole lots of plays. A Yeah.1 I Words. A So. Ask students to do Exer ci se 3e in pairs. B I'm impressedl Okay. Play the audio for Exercise 1e. B Yes. so they can't have wrinen the same number. words T 58 Unit 6 . Shakespeare's vocabulary. But Ihey could hove come from Ecuador.000 and 60. but George was one of his names. No. Bul he couldn·t have wrinen 2. we're wrong. 24~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------. Ask students to listen and read and underline or circle any part of the dialogue where there is a contraction.. e I think irs more likely b. B WOWI Thars amazing I Hey. a possibility. I The audioscripts for Track 25 and Track 2G ore on page T59 "::. like the one in Exer cise 2b . What do you think? B Well. but they did hove records of the death of famous people. All Fine. but thaI's ali.and there were dogs on the islonds when they were first discovered. I don·t think so.Objectives Grammar Topic: William Shakespeare Vocabulary literature Pronunciation contractions deduction and possibility in the past: must/cou/dlmightl can" + have + past participle Ustening Speaking a literary mystery a radio interview taking and discussing a quiz Reading Write on the board : William Shakespeare Miguel de Cervantes Lope de Vega Ask students What do these people have in common? Whol do you know about them? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills When students have tAken the quiz Ilnd discussed dass to find Ollt what students guessed .000. they couldn·t have been named after the doughter of a queen C Why nof? S How many girls have you met named Canary? e (laughs] R ight . question 2. best known for Don Quixote. Wow. how did you know thaf? C I learned rt in latin. t agree. and then have them circle the contractions they hear on the audio. ond Romeo and Juliet. Ask students to listen and check their answers. lope de Vega 1l562~16351 was a Spanish poet. fltlSWers with Il partner. so should we go for 0. 1"11 just check . Ecuador e WeH. con I lake over here? A Yeah. Very good l Okay.. I have no idea e Me. Lost question. 200? C Well. In which country were BR Panama hats first made? C Easy. I"m sure that Panama hals were first made in Panama l B Okay. notably Hamlet. and tragedies. A Good thinking' So irs either a or b. The Canary Islands were named after dogs! B Well . Albert. neither. thaI's stupid.20 or b.

The question is. yes. words. wards . He was a respected man in the community. t didn't take it out with me. o o ~ Play the audio for Exercise 4b. so they can't have written the same number. that they had three children.4 Listening skills Divide the class into groups of four to discuss the areas in Exercise 4a . that he married Ann Hathaway.000 plays. His porents couldn'l read or write and probably hod no books. 5 Reading ski lis Put sh!dents in pnirs to discuss th eir answer s to Exercises Sa and sb. Interviewer But do we know he was 0 writer and an aclor? Price Well. The writer William Shakespeare had a vocabulary of 37. although William Shakespeare is coosidered the greatest writer in the English language. [n Exercise 4d . t can't have left iT there. t must have done that. All we really know is that he was born in Stratford. which was twice as large as mast cultured men 01 his time.md answer the questions in Exercise 4c. il isn't there. but he wasn't on educated man. 6 Vocabulary: literature Ask st udents to comp lete the table in EXI~rcise 6a. Play Ihe audio agai n . so if their son was indeed the writer William Shakespeare. I'll check. 8 Well. Briefl y discuss answers w ith the class. no. and that he d ied a rich man on April the 23rd. Let th em check in pairs b efore the y [oak at th o Vocabulary Sum mary for Exercise lib. As k students to listen . you're an authority on Shakespeare. Where did that come from? Price GQad question. A Oh. Ask stud enls 10 listen and c h eck their answers. 5 But they could have come from Ecuador.. I have no ideo.. Indeed. the greatest play in the English language? And if he did not write the ploys and poems 01 Shakespeare. he wrote over 37 ploys and more thon 150 poems. tnterviewer And his family? What about his porents? Price We know that his father worked with animal skins and was possibly a butcher. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 6c in pairs.000 words. Hc must have gone 1 collosc or His jather may have beell rich. There appears to be some controversy about Ihe great man today. th en do Exercise 6d as a whole class. Give stu dents a four-minute time limit to thin k o f ideas_ Th en e l icit a class list and wrile it on the board. I~ For Exercise 3 00 poge 58 " A Have you seen my wallet? t can't find it anywhere. we do know he was an oClor. There are no direct connections between this actor and businessman and the man who is known as the greatest writer in the English language. il is a bit 01 a mystery. and we know that he was a businessman . yel William of Stratford's two daughters could not read or write. William Shakespeare? [)on't we know who really wrote the greatest ploys in the English language? Price Well. I already looked. "~ For Exercise 2 on poge 58 " 1 Shakespeare wrote lots 01 plays. could this be the some man who created such wonderfully intelligent female characters os Portia. then who did? Unit 6 T 59 Words. Interviewer We know that Shakespeare hod a huge vocabulary. he couldn't have gotten his incredible learning from being at home till he was 20 years old l Yet.and thars about it. Yes. Thars possible. This is very odd. 8 Ah! Then you must have left it in the bedroom when you changed earlier. Interviewer Prolessor Price. We also know for a loci that William didn't go to university and he may oot even hove gone to the Iocol school. lhors not quite true. Rosalind. he appears a little later as the au thor of highly cultured poems and plays. we actually know very little about his life. The loct is. in Stratford. so he con't have hod a very good edu{Qtion. 1614. A No. For example. Thafs ridiculous ! 4 I suppose he might have written 200 ploys. you might have put il in The drower. Tell stuclents thaI it doesn't matter iftht:y dOll 't kn ow any answers. Shakespeare does not mention any books or any connections at all with his life as a writer. Interviewer BuT surely we have evidence that he was the writer? Price Not really. pu t stu dents in pairs to list r eason s w h y Shakespeare could n ot have w ritten the plays. B No. 6 Or it may have been Albert or Philip. Some people believe thal lhe lillie we do know about the man Iram Stratford suggests that he couldn't have written the marvelous plays and poems 01 the outhor "Williom Shakespeare'. A No. You could have left it in the em. Then ask students to writ e a few sentences compari ng de Vere and Shakespeare and telling why de Vere is a likely wri ter. 2 So Shakespeare must have had a vocabulary 01 37. so let me begin by asking you why some people say Shakespeare didn't wrile the works of . they sh ould try to u se modals to specu late. and VIOla? Anolher curious point is thai in his will.000 wards! 3 But he couldn't have written 2. 27'------------------------------------------------------------. Could this be the man wh o wrote Hamiel.

4 Listening skills a \V hal kind o f man (10 you think William Shakespeare was? In groups. pointing to the most popular candidate nowadays. One offers Francis Bacon. His poems and letters use many unusual expressions that are also found in Shakespeare's works. e In pnirs. But if this is all true. Many people believe that whoever "Shakespeare" was. discuss theso qt!(lslions. then who did? Read the text helow and check IV ) the most likely candidnte.the Prime Minister . but his writings are very different fro m Shakespeare's. words. as some of his plays draw so much on the country. make II list of reasons from the listening for why William Shakespeare cou ld not havo wrillellihe fnmolls plays and poems.. Ch ristoph er Marlow e. People say only de Vere could have attacked the Prime Minister and gotten away with it. 5~.who is made fun of in Hamlet. but this seems un likely as he was assassinated ve ry young and couldn't have w ritten so many works. S Reading ski lls a If Shakespeare d id not write the "works ofWilJiam Shakespeare". discuss thuse areas. William of Stratford would have been imprisoned or executed! De Vere was a respected wnter who stopped writing just when a genius called ~WiJliam Shakespeare" appeared on t he scene. Did anything surprise you about the infomwtion? Whan ~ c Listen again and answer these questions abou t Shakespeare. which everybody agrees "Shakespeare" must have done. the 17th Earl of Oxford. He studied law and traveled to Italy.000 d In pa irs. There have been a number of theories about w ho might have w ritten the greatest w orks of literature in the Engl ish langu age . b Ca n you guess the answer to lhe last qlleslion in the texr~ b Che(. ddn'/ If' 10 aUcge. He was the son-inlaw of the most powerful man in the kingdom . he must have been an aristocrat.espcarc". why did he hide behind the mask of "William Shakespeare"? Words. Edward de Vere. This romantiC character would have made the perfect Hamlet. and all his plays have mysteriously disappeared. Thon compare wi th a partner. Kind of writing poetry novel p lay hislory book hiogra phy drama movie screenplays newspHJler Wriler poet noveli st phlywright historian biographer d ramalist scnJen wriler journalist 2 3 4 5 o 7 H Where was he from? Strutf ord (Ens land) Who was he married to" A nn HuthUl vuy How many chi ldren did they have? 3 Whal exactly did he do fo r a living'~ oc/orlbusinessnUln What job did his father do'~ worked will! utlinlfl J skins I possibly u butch er Howald was he when ho left home'? 20 How many poems d id he wr i te'~ more thun 150 How many words did he know lind use in Engl i sh '~ 37.k your answers in tho Vocabulary Summary 011 page 60. his biography fits perfectly. )1£ """'if >Ui hm< if"" 10 !dud. a high ly educated man for his ti me. 1 6 Vocab ul ary: literature a Complete lhe lub le with words and phrases about literature. 1 Which of the kinds of writing in the lab Ie do YOll rend in English'r 2 Which do you read in your OWI1 lal1guagc? 3 Do you hnve a favorite wrilcr? 4 Who is the most fnmous writel' in your country? d Conduct a class survey nnd find out the answers to Ihose questions. words . 1 Whnt arc the three most popular forms of reading'? 2 Which kinds of writing docs nohody read'! c Wrile brief notes oflhe reasons why de Vere is considered Ihe most likely writer of the "wO!'ks of William Shak. his fami ly his background h is education h is profession ~ b Listen to a radio interview about William Shakespeare and check your answers. Another t heory cites the great playwrigh t of t he time.

which means "l ife". The first time I ran away from school . • USEFUL LANGUAGE Num ber one looks like it comes from a thriller. lanced one abscess. Words. h Read lhe opening extracts from four stories. © @ d h 'd both been in and out They were brothers a~ t ey " of juvenL e Hall five urnes. 1 Why is Ihe opening sentence of a story very important? 2 Which extract most makes you want to read more? How docs it do this? Unit 6 to kill prisoners by shooting them mummies dead bod ies preserved and wrapped in cloth (in Ancient Egypt) melancholy fee li ng very sad and without hope cnlving when a female cow is having a baby. 17\ ~ ' . That can't be from a poem! 11 could be fro m a biography. book. bUilt on the bank of a river of clear water thai ran a ong a bed of polished stones . d ' was ten " firing squad a small group of soldiers whose job is @ My name is Eva. adventure/act ion stories amusing/funny books detective/police stories historical novels horror stories love stories non-fiction science fiction short stories thrillers 2 Readi ng ski lls a These four extracts foll ow the opening extracts in Exercise 1b. facing the firing squad. GLOSSARY h At that ti me Mac . lannis had enJoy none of his patients had Ie c [n pairs. and human mummies. . discuss these questions. - CD Years later. What kind of books / stories do you like to read"' Why? Choose from the reasons below. words. on a was a village of twenty adobe O" SCS. Colonel.. but none of those thmgs m~de me melancholy.extracted a molar . ® I was bom in the back room of a shadowy house. according to a book of names my mother consu lted. words . . Aurcliano Buendia would remember th~t dlstan~ afternoon when his father took him to discover Ice. because I came into the world With a breath of jungle in my memory.. Read and malch each one with an opening extract. and grew up amidst ancient fumiture. - • • • • • to relax to be entertained to learn something new to be moved to escllpe from reality to" " .Fiction • 1 Speaki ng skills a Look at the wards in the box. ® Two o 'dcr guys talked me into it. ® He had attended a surprisingly easy calving. Guess what kind of story or book each one opens..s in Latin . she is calving abscess 8 painful swollen area on your skin or inside your body molar large tooth at tho back of the mouth Juvenile Hall a home for boys who got into trouble b Whi ch wortls helped you connect the sentences with the openi ng extracts? Underline them and compare with a partner. cd a sausfactory d aY in which d· d or gotten any worse.. Dr.

Possible answers: 1 2 3 4 Perhaps from an adventure/action story. Like Water for Chocolate. introduce characters.. words.'calving" C 2: key words: "l\vo older guys . Ask Whars this novel called in your language? Who wrote if? What sorl of story is it? Have you read it? Whars if about? Would you recommend it? Why? Why nof? Suggested novels: One Hundred Years of Solitude. Perhaps an amusing book. Answers: The opening sentence is important because it must catch the reader's attention. " "I was born .Objectives Vocabulary Topic: genres of fiction Reading Writing the continuation of a story figuring oul meaning from context extracts from novels Speaking discussing booKs and reasons for reading - Write the names of three or four well-known novels on the board and ask students oboullhem. Ask students to continue to work in pairs to discuss Exercise l c. It could be an autobiography.. Possibly a fUrulY book.. or even non-fiction. Briefly elicit answers from the class. " "They wore brothers .. then discuss Ihe question in exercise 2b wilh a partner.it must be autobiographical. a historical novel. D 1: key words: "that distant afternoon" "At that time" Words. Ask students to match the extracts. 2 Reading skills Briefly introduce Exercise 2b by eliciting students' answers to exercise l b as a whole class. Remind Ihem to refer to the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. and find out what types of books are the mosl popular. Answers: A 3: key words "My name is .. and make the reader want to continue. by describing what stories you like to read. lord of the Rings Introduce the topic •• 1 Speaking skills Model the activity briefly. set the scene. Answers may vary. words T 60 Unit 6 .. " "I came into the world" B 4: key words: "Or lannis" "palients" '.. He" . Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise l b. and then ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise la. Unclear . Answers to the second question will vary. Probably nOD-fiction.

Have students talk in pai rs briefly to predict the story. then elicit answers fTOm the class. The narrator must have felt nervous. Ask students to read the story to check their predictions. Read through the strategies with students before they do the task. Unit6 T 61 Words. Let students check in pairs before going through the answers as a class. Encourage them to use past modals to specu late. Refer students to Develop Your Learning on page 35. The older boys may have felt il wasn't worth goi ng to. They must have felt happy. Ask students to read the story again and write true or false next to the statements in Exercise 2d . words. words . 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Ask students to work in pairs to figure out the meanings. or quickly put students into small groups and have a couple of volunteers sharo theirs aloud. ask some volunteers to read their stories aloud to the class.Ask students to look at the phrases fro m the story in Exercise 2c . Possible answers: The older boys do. Ask In what ways is the actual continuation different from your stoIJ'? Additional activity Collect the paragraphs and publish them by posting them on the classroom walls. Ask students to read tho actual continuation on page 147 ohhe Student's Book. Move around the class. But the narrator doesn't know them well. they are brothers. edible freshwater lobster somothing you use to attract and catch fish a type of meat food betweenlwo pieces of bread chocolate candy pieces softened in the sun bottom of a river or creek with no water said ··no·· Hi 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow lhe steps in Exercise 4 to continue the story. Answers: moved a bike by pushing the pedals (what you put your feet on) a narrow stream a type of smaJl. monitoring and helping with ideas and vocabulary. Then ask students to read all the stories and decide which ane they like best and why. Have students vote on which is best. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2e. They may have played hookey because they were juvenile delinquents I they were bored and haled school ! it was a nice day. When students have finished.

. Follow Ulese steps: 1 Look at the lasl few lines of the story. sad. They offered me a licI< but I declined.. Imagine that you are the narrator. adverbs of manner.r. words. They ate the M & Ms first. 1 pedaled 2 creek 3 crawdads 4 bait 5 meatloaf sandwich 6 a melted bag of M & M's 7 dry bed 8 dedined 4 Writing skills a Now continue the story in pairs.. I must have been six then. and wlil catch the attention of the reader. Tore the package open and tiCked the chOCOlate off the paper. I pedaled standing. page 53)... words Unil6 .-ent doNn the creek.. Draw on your own experience and imagination .ever sit up en the seat all the Wf. A carrot vvrapped in wax paper 'Nith a rubber bard arourd it. especially the last sentence. We stole three bikes out of a back yard and took off for the Afra'IO Seco. went. even though I suspected LA was at least a hurdred miles ~. The ooty otrer time I'd fNf$ been to los t>r. for snakes until one of them got the idea of IcJ... 6 Start forming sentences. 4 Think of a sentence that will continue s~ooth l y from the last part of the story.. When you have finished. 5 Add details to your notes. or d ramatic. Especialty cold and between bread . We hid the bikes in a stand of eucatyptus trees at the edge of the Afra'IO and. So I \. check your writing.... False 3 They had fish for lunch.. then read the extract and check your predictions.. I said 'yes' to ev6!'jthing. e In pairs.j.. such as adjectives. Which is the best continuation? d To find out bow the original story continues. False Words. etc. The bike I stole was too big for me so I could r. False 2 They took their bikes with them...c You are now going to read the next part of one of the stories. Try to predict what might happen in the story.getes was wtlen my aunt took me to the Farmer's t>Aarket in her '44 Dodge to loOk at the myna birds. 2 Decide if the next part is going to be funny.. guess the answers to these questions.Nering our bikes dQIM1 into the aqueduct and riding along the dry bed IJltil we reached lOS. ttreijr meat to catch more cravvdads. Are these statements true or false? 1 The boys went on a vacation . Look at the phrases that come from it and guess which story it is.. Wrtff(1lunchtime came I had to share my lunch 'Nith the brotherS beCaUse they'd forgotten to bring theirs. I didn't eat any of the meatloaf sardwich eijther. 3 Make notes on the basic events. adding connecting words (See Writing Skills. go to page 147. 1 Do the boys know each other well? 2 Why did they play hooky? 3 How do you think they felt about school? 4 How did they feel when they stole tbe bikes? 5 How about when they caught the crawclads? 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Look at tbese words from the slory. 5 The narrator ate meatloaf sandwich and chocolate. False 4 The narrator gave his lunch to the other boys. \.. Unit 5. A meatloaf sandwich· A metted bag of M & Ms. We caught crawdads 'Nith marshmalk'JW bait then tore the shells off them and used \. c Read your paragraph aloud to the class.AngeleS. I atwaYS hated meatloaf. 't d Read the story again. Use the strategies from Develop Your Learning on page 35 to figure out their meanings. b Now write the next paragraph of the story. I spread the contents of the paper bag ~ out on a big !\at rock. stole three bikes a short vacation at the edge of the Arroyo a big flat rock tore the package open reached Los Angeles They told me it would just be like taking a shOrt vacation . 1m. The rest of the afternoon we climbed around the hills looking ...

~::~i~hle~k your ideas from ExerciseO~~. The38-year-old author is now the ninth richest woman in the u. They must have been . has made his creator wealthier than Quee Elizabeth II. What are the articles about" 2 Which articles will express a p "r ' point of view and who h . it got rave reviews on both sides of me Atlantic. I you might see the artIc os that the hcadl'Ines Come from? 1 /1 mUst USEFUL LANGUAGE be about . who rescued her from her life of rags and brought her one of riches. J.K. Magician Harry Potter brings ® riches to author m_~~"".. or maybe because of it.. e. words . 3 1. but once accepted and publish ed. They have all beel translated into more than 20 languages.g. J.K.Fact to fantasy 1 Speaking ski Us a ::::nOle5 of everything you know 1 the Harry POlter books :.K. .:: the Harry POller movie~. Harry. on e of the richest women in the world. goes to China ~ for tourism @Hany Potter is magic Excrcis: I. ~ GLOSSARY rags old and shabby clothes offshoots something that dcvelo s Ii e. _. OWan( make The headlines have bee 'k fro 'I naen m arl l~ es. K. y m a arger compallY it 6 Words. it was announced that J. Harry Potter. W()(ds.. .K. Rowling's life resembles a fairy talc.. Rawling.a mous writer. Her fans arc quick to point out that despite her success.. she is one of the bigy donators to charity that me country has ever seen..:s ~~:~. How do la:~c. Rawling. me . the author of h you think her n h t 0 Harry Polter books is b Read th . J 1 2: The novelist's first attempt was turned down by several __ publishers. a smaller campall fro I P fOm '.. it was her creation. b Look at the headlines bel I predictions. and living in a tiny Ed inburgh apartment with her infant daughter.lIIother thillS.. Rawling wrote Harry Poner and the Sorcerer's Stone at a table in a cafe wh ile her daughter was sleeping. writing Harry Potter offshootS and giving the proceed s to her favorite causes. author of the fantasy novels that arc popular with young and old alike. world-. . unemployed. Rowling... Rowling has become a full-time writer and has g iven up her tiny rwo-room apartment for a Scott' mansion and luxury apartments in born Edinburgh anu London. Divorced.~ 2 Reading skills a Harry Potter : ~". with a fortune estimated at one billion dollars.K.. Now the goodnews is that Harry Poner. OSllVe Ilegat' .. Like that of her character. the schoolboy magician and hero of the books.. . which have led to the publication of four sequels so far.' e . And like the proverbial prince. is now richer than the Queen of England.rom As the new Harry Pon er story was being eagerly awaited by millions of fans all over the wo rld.as changed since Harry POlter~ndnt~\.h~:~ohneea dWI~s P:lblished? . • In the years slOce the appearance of the first H arry Potter story. Ie will express a 1\ e poml of View? Why? 3 Where do you think .


Topic: J.K. Rawling and Harry Potter
Vocabulary avoiding repetition Reading a newspaper article

the passive

Speaking predicting from headlines


Divide the class into groups of four to six. Write the words Harry Pot/cron tho board, and then give the groups timo 10 jot notes down on everything they know about Harry Polter. After\vards, ask each group to share their three most interesting facts with the class.

Introduce the topic


Speaking skills
Ask studen ts to discuss the headlines in Exercise Ib in pairs or in groups. Encourage them to use medals. Point out the Useful Language phrases.

Suggested a nswers: Headline 1 Tho article is probably about the author and how sho has become rich. It 's positive. . It must come from a newspaper or magazine article. Headline 2 It is probably about how the book has been translated into Chinese and is proving successful there. It 's positive. It's probably fro m a newspaper - it might be from a publishing magazine. Headline 3 Irs probably about how the Harry Poller books have had a negative effect on read ing I the English language I literature or something like that. It's negative. It may come from a literary or educational article in a newspaper. Headline 4 It's about how people from all over the world are visiti ng places in Britain where Harry Potter was written or filmed. It's positive. It could come from an article in a travel magazine.

2 Reading skills
In Exercise Zn , elicit from tho class a few predictions about how J.K. Rowling's lifo has changed. Then ask students to road the article to answer the question in Exercise z b and check their predictions. Answers: Sho has become a successful writer, lhe ninth richest woman in the U.K., and she owns II Scottish mansion and luxury apartments. She gives a lot of money to charity. Headline 1 goes with the article.
J.K. Uoonnel Rawling did not use her first nome on the books because she lel1that boys might be put off reading the book il they knew it was by a "girl: She wonlS to motivate boys. especially, to read. which has been one 01 the great successes 01 the Herry Potier books.
Culture note

Words, words. words

T 62


Ask students to look through the questions in Exercise 2c and decide which paragraph might answer them. Go over the answers briefly with the class. Then ask students to look through the relevant paragraph for answers and discuss them with a part ner. Answers: no answer She was divorced, unemployed, had a small child. and lived in a small apartment. (para. 2) No. (para. 3) They "got rave reviews on both sides of the Atlantic.. - so, equally successful. (para. 3) No answer. Less than 38. (para. 3) No. She has given some money from "offshoots" to her fa vorite causes. (para. 4) Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise 2d in pairs. Answers: The art icle is positive. Supporting phrases include: eagerly awaited, popular, resembles a fairy tale, rescued .. . from ... rags (10) riches, rave reviews, one of the richest women in the world, biggest donators to charity

3 Vocabu lary: avoi ding repetition
Tell students to copy the table in Exercise 3h into their notebooks. Ask lhem to scan the lext for synonyms and paraphrases that refer to lhe author J.K. Rowling and lhen complete the table with these phrases. Answe rs: Adj(l(:tives divorced unemployed Adjectival phrases 38-year-old full-time Nouns author novelist creator writer donator Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels one of the richest women in the world one of the b iggest donators to charity

4 Gram mar review: the passive
Ask stude nls to work in pairs to match examples in Exercise 4a to uses. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the q uestions aboul lhe examples in Exercise 4b. Point out the Language Note on page 63 and refer them to the Grammar Summary on page 66 to check their answers.
Quick grammar guide

Passive constructions exist in many languages but often are not as commonly used as they are in English. A reflexive construction with on active verb is sometimes preferred, with the subject after the verb. not a t the beginning of the sentence.
Common enors and problems

• Students may attempt a reflexive construction which is impossible in English. ,ariF!' IRe B99/@; in Hong Kong. 's fJ'f.R.'99 IRe Be9.1r!; in Hong Kong. ' ~' ts fJ'fjR/e9 IRe Be9/@; in Hong Kong . • A common mistake is to make an active sentence without a subject pronoun. WI9/e her firsl book in Edinburgh. Answers: a No. It isn't important. b millions of fans eWe wanl to focus on "the new Harry Potter story " - this is the important or new information. d several publishers e 1 Someone announced that ... 2 Someone has translated them inlo ... 3 Millions offans weTO eagerly awaiting ... 4 Several publishers turned down ... They are still correct, but 1 and 2 sound odd. In Exercise 4d, ask students to complete the sentences ind ividually, then check in pairs.

5 Speaking skills
Divido students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions.


T 63

Words. words, WOfds

c Docs the article answer all of the following questions? Decide which paragraph you can find the answer in when possible. then answer the ques tions.
1 Why did J.K. Rawling write the Potter books? 2 What was her life like before the first book

b Look at these examples from the article and answer the questions.
1 .. . it was announced that J.K. Rowling .. . is

now richer than the Queen of England.
2 They have all been translated into more than



was published? Was she immediately successful with her first story? Have the books been more successful in the U.S. or the U.K.? How old was she when the first book was published? Has she profited from all of her books?

20 languages . 3 As the new Harry Potter story was being eagerly awaited by m illions of fans ... 4 The novelist's fi rst attempt was turned down by several publishers ...

d Is the article more positive or negative about Harry Potter and his author? Make a note of the words and phrases that support your answer.

3 Vocabulary: avoiding repetition
'a Read the article again and note all the references to J.K. Rawling.

a Do we know who announced the news in 1, or who translated the books in 2? Is it important? b Who or what does the action in 3, "the new Harry Potter story" or "millions of fans"? c In 3. the agent (millions of fans) is quite important. so why is the passive used? d Who does the action in 4? e Try to put the four sentences above into the active voice. Are they still correct? c Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 66.

aWJ,o, <f Ik fa~ >UJ>ds.. OiW>'Wi•. b Write the words and phrases you have noted in the table.

Remember tllat we make the passive with a form ofthe verb be + past participle: it was announced; they have all been translated. d We can use the passive in most tenses and verb forms. Identify the tense or verb form in the active sentences below and complete the passive sentences.
1 The publishers print the books in Hong Kong.

Adjectives divof1:ed unem ployed


Nouns author

Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels




c We use synonyms and paraphrases to avoid repetition and help the flow oftexl. Find : 1 three ways the journalist refers to Rawling's occupation. au tho r, novelist , writer 2 four ways he refers to Harry Potter. her character. her creation . the schoolboy magician , hero of the books 3 three ways he refers to the books. fantasy novels, first attempt, four sequels, offshoots



4 Grammar review: the passive
a Look at the examples of passives. 1--4. Match them with the correct use from the list below. The passive is often used in ... 1 academic works, e.g. science journals: A constant temperature is maintained ... 2 manuals: Ensure that the plug is fitted correctly before ... 3 public notices: Passengers are kindly requested not to smoke. 4 newspapers: Find an example in the headlines in Exercise lb.




The books ... aYe pr-mled m. JWng Kong. Distribution companjes are shipping millions of the new Harry Potter book around the world. present progressive Millions of the new Harry Potter books are being shipped around the world. Several publishers rejected J.K. Rowling's first book. simple past J.K . Rawling's first book was rejected by severa l publisbers. The publisher has announced the launch date for the latest Potter book. present perfect The launch date for the latest Potter book has been announced by the publisher. They should ban the words Harry Potter. should + infinitive The words Harry Potter should be banned . They had made the first book into a fi lm before Rawling wrote the fifth book. past perfect The first book had been made into a film before Rawling wrote the fifth book.


We lise the passive when: a the subject of the action is unknown b the subject of the action is unimportant c we want to focus on new information by putting it at the end of the sentence d we want to avoid naming or blaming the subject of an action

5 Speaking skills
In groups , discuss these questions. 1 What books are being fead by kids in your country right now?
2 Make a list of your favorite books when you were

a kid and compare them with your group. 3 Which is your all·time favorite book? Why?
Words, words, words

Unit 6


1 Warm up
An urban myth is an often-repeated story. which mayor may not be true, of an unusual and sometimes terrible event that happens to an ordinary person, usually a "friend of a friend", The stories usually have a surprise ending. They are often told when fr iends get together at d inner parties or bars. a The sentences below are taken from Iwo different urban myths. They are taken from the beginning, the midd le, and the end of each story. Put them into the correct order. Story A; 1 Q!J 2 I:m 3!ID Story 8; 1 !g 2 ID 3@

b In grou ps, compare your answers and try to figure out what Lhe two stories are about . Use the questions to help you. 1 Who arc the characters in the story? 2 Where does the story take place? 3 When do the events take place? (morning/evening? present/ past?) 4 Is the story a funn y one, a thriller. a mystery. a crime story? 5 Docs it have a "happy ending"? Wo will como back to these stories at the end of the lesson.






Thi.~ must be from ... This could be the first one.

I ~ r-A------le--n-C;C,-e-e--'vCi-hCVCiCI-g-e--'v-o-k-e-u p-o-n~e=," ==i=g =to=fi=n=d==h=a=t====~------------------------------'-' co up i n c- l a -- ==o=nn n = = t
someone had stolen their car.


They later found that the thief had used their car for a robber y on the very day it had disappeared.


~----~=====================~------~~ @ A friend of mine was d riving along the Massachusetts Highway o ne
evening when he passed a young lady walking along the side of the road.


" Yes, the purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed more than 20 years ago in a car accident on the Massachusetts Highway."


The note explained the thief had taken the car because he didn't have a car himself and his wife had gone into labor with their first baby.

A couple of days later, he was cleaning his car when he cam e across
a wo man's pursC!=.

Words, WOfds. words


Topic: anecdotes and urban myths
telling an anecdote

Grammar Reading past perfect simple urban legends and progressive, third conditional

an anecdote

on anecdote

1 Warm up
Ask students to do Exercise la in pairs. Aftenvards, ask the class which picture goes with which story. Ask students to discuss th e stories in groups o f four, using the questions in Exercise lb. Monitor the discussion. but don't reveal any stories at this stage.

Words, words, WOfds

T 64

Unil 6

Rob. Play the audio for Exercise 2. anyway. the Vv"Ilole thing. you see.. you know. Shira Oh. with eyes closed if they like. Trevor No. . I love these urban mythsl Trevor Go on.. Trevor Oh. Trevor Oh. The couple was delighted. no. Rob So they reporled Ihe theft 10 the police. there was Ihis couple in Greenwich Villoge. outside Rob Yeah. Ask students to copy and complete the table in their notebooks.. pour me anather gloss of wine and I'll tell you. they later found that the thief hod used their car fOf a robbery on the very day it hod disoppeared! Unit 6 T 6S Words.. big house. Answers Interjections Incredible! Oh. you know.no.lOne You must hove heard it. Mmm. Everybody knows it. you know. Shira But you soid they hod a goroge . il was a note explaining thaI the thief hod taken the cor because he didn't hove a cor himself.. Rob. Oh.. all righlthen. the crook hod robbed their entire house of its conleots. Elidt wa ys of completing the sentence in Exercise 5b and write good sentences on the board. Rob Well. Rob Great. you see. . Rob Oh. Trevor A note? '9~------------------------------------------------------. to $Offen the blow. and ... they would still have their possessions. Trevor Incredible! Rob Well. I don" think I've heard that one. . 6 Notice ~ Play the audio for exercise 5 again. hove another drink. good jobs. Here. gorage. Have you heard Ihe one about the couple whose cor was stolen and. they found thai while they hod been out enjoying their Broadway musical. 4 Feedback Put students in pairs to tell their stories. Shira Their cor was stolen? No.t 2 Task Go over the instructions for the task carefully with the class. Trevor Of course. ask students to listen to the story on the audio and check their predictions. Oh. This Oduolty happened to a friend of a friend of mine . ond .. I bet. Rob Hong on. they got home from work to see the cor bock again. I don·tthink so. later the some day. rhey'd parked it outside rhe house the night belOfe. 3 Prepare Ask students to follow the guidelines to develop their story. to make a long $lory short. 1/ the couple hadn't gone to the theater.. his wife had. words. Jane Mmm. And? Rob Well. yeah . stMra Oh? Rob So he hoped they didn't mind 100 much rhat he'd taken their car without permission. to make Ihings WOfSE!. you know. Rob Oh. 7 Follow up Ask students to read the second urban myth all page 147 ofthe Student's Book and check their predictions. so . Shira I bet. ITrack 28 features three excerpts of muSic. and . thanks.. they went to Ihe show and when they got home offer it. words . Ask students to listen to lhe first piece of music. 5 Compare For Exercise Sa. I've heard it so many times! Shira Oh. yeah . great. I the house.. right well. Echo questions/repetition Their car was stolen? But you said they Of course. Ask students to write their stories from their notes and then exchange stories with another student to read. he'd enclosed two tickets for a Broadway show thor weekend. they hodn'r put it in the gorage. Rob. and think of images. Stress the content and also have students support each other in reviewing the grammar and form of their stories. You must have heard it. uh . and one morning they wake up to find thol someone hod stolen their cor. Jane Go on. Rob So. gone into Iobor with their first baby. After the first piece. with a note under the windshield wiper. pause the recording and tel] students to write notes to build up the story.. professionals. Then continue this procedure for the second and third pieces of music. And? A nole?Oh? Simple phraseslwords Go on.

7 Follow up a Read the full version o fth e other story from Exercise l b on page 147. Interjections Incredible! Echo questions I repetition Their car was stolen? Simple phrases I words Goon. as soon as.. he would never have met Pe nclope. tell your story to each other. ask questions. Make any changes you wish . words . ~ a Listen to one of the stories from Exercise l a. finally adjectives: to make your story more vivid ~ Listen to the conversation again. hore are the sentences th at begin each of the throe paragraphs of yOW" story. 1 If Tom hadn'l gone to the party. Oh. and then. . Take If the couple hadn 't gone to IJ1e theater. you are going to listen the story correct? to three pieces of music. Were your predictions correct? b Go back to the notes on your story and write it up as a complete text of about 150 words. past perfect. using the stories in this lesson to give you ideas. To Which story is it? Were your predictions about help you develop your story. to check understanding. music and tho images it brings to your mjnd. he looked back: if he hadn't . The music will stop after each p icce to give you time to write. Listener: Show you are listening. and so on. mfHlIlwhile. 6 Notice 3 Prepare Look over your notes fo r the three paragraphs. 2 They had been going out together for about a year when . c Give your story to a di fferent partner to read. Which of you wrote the more interesting story? Which had the best English? Words. make commonts. after a while. and write the responses in the table.2 Task 4 Feedback In pairs. To h elp you. Make notes of any phrases they usc as you Iiston. Each piece goes with each of the three paragraphs. but don '( take notes yet. notes to bui ld up your story. Story-teller: Use your notes to guide you. Make any changes you wish to the content or the language. Practice being You are going to write a very short story and tell it to a good story-teller and a good listener! other students. ~ Think about your story. past perfect progressive connectors: when. As you listen. Rob." 5 Compare 3 Years later. Notice the way the listeners res pond to show they are listening. words. follow the b Complete the sentence. 1 The characters: are they young or old? How do they feel? Z Time and place: where does the story take p lace? (city/country? ins ide/o utside?) When does it take place (morning/evening?) 3 Background: what was the weather like? What had th ey been doing before the story began? 4 Ending: you can make the ending a "surprise" in true urban myth tradi tion ! 5 Language narrative tenses: simple past. and try not to read word-by-wo rd . to encourage the speaker. to show interest. Now use these guide lines to help you develop you r story.

Our cat was run over by a ().ect + modal verb + have + past participle The modal verbs most often used are must. have a drink. She ~/ can't have gotten caught in traffic. '" 5 My wallet was taken from my jacket pocket yesterday by SOOlI3()I)9':"-' V Yeah.r Harry Potter story was eagerly awaited by miIOns of fans. st~1 dark outsicle. This Is too repetitive to be correct. minutes. She was walking.) • When the Answer thes e questi o ns. but we tend not to use it with the present perfect progressive or past perfect progressive. \'Vhen we include the agent. prog<BSSive Simple past The childlBfl are being taught latin Itlis yeaf. '--' De cide if these passive sentences are correct or not. I suppose She she'd get here S @ must have. 0Ne want to avoid bIarnilg a. (The government passed it but we already know that. X They can't have anMJd yet.} She could have arrived.". Your order rng V .} I haven't seen She may not have arrived yet.) Sometimes we want to put new information at the end of the sentence to give it more importance. I just wish so we can start dinner. She can have atrived.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Deduction and possibility in the past Use • • Sometimes we leave the agent out because we do not want to sa-. the COOkies were eaten while'you and dad were out. words.) Mom. (I ate them but I don't want to admit it. 2 The books have been awaited for a long time. The verbs stxm differanllevels of certai'lty. Positive She must have arrived.' Past The book was being printed last night. dramatist 2 The passive Use oovet p~y playv-mght hIstorian screenwn journalist histOf)' boo!< • When the agent (subject) of the verb is unknown: Our car was stolen last night. Joe Uz Joe Have you seen Sara? No. I ~~ could have left home before six this morning./ Choose the correct modal verbs in this conversation.30. } The train isn't due for another ten She couldn't have arrived yet.ted. trough it may be important. her suitcase. HE!( coat's hanging in the closet. Kind of writing poet" Writer Kind of writing Writer poet novetist bklgrnphy d.rj1 day. might (not). )( She may have affl.) Newspapers and scientifiC texts frequently use the passive in this way.:vas Joe Uz Joe being pnlparlld when I last checked .r. What do agent is known but not important: A new Jaw regarding advertising was passed yesterday. and I 8 mustn't ~ have stopped for more than ten rTW1utes all day..somethi"Ig. she 3~ may not have. $he may not have arrived yet. It is not always possible to use an active sentence instead of a passive one: Translators have translated all the books. we call . The car must be ~ repaired immediately. so she 1 must ~ve arrived yet. Fo"" We form the passive with the verb be and a past participle.. We can use the passive in most tenses.rket Liz 1 Uniforms must be worn at all times by soldiers on duty. She wanted to buy some wine so she @ ' can have stopped at the superma. could (not). haslhave + been + pp had + been + pp modal verb + be + pp He could have arrived. is/are + past participle is/are + being + pp was/wete + pp was/wal'"e + being + pp preseot P<esent Fo"" sub.rseIves I someone else. and can't: prog<BSSive P<esent parlee! They must have arrived by now.I" order was ~ prepared YIIher'l I last checked.ama movie screenplays new"""". Less certain She might have arrived. who did . Ycu Uz Joe Yeah. Vocabulary Summary Literature You poor thing! Here. @ can't have hoc! a tot. bklg""". She may have arrived. We use the passive to do this. She !Tight not have arrived yet... The books have been awaited for a ong time. Co rrec t those wIth e rro rs. 0Ne don't know who stole it. . 4 0cIer teachers are often asked questions by younger teachers. may (not). Tense Simple Form (pp iii past participle) Example Our bills are paid through the bank.! Past perfect Modal passive A new bridge has been built over the river. Negative ~ train gets hef"e at 3. Note that we do not usa the negative of must or the positive of They mustn't have anMJd yet. words . Ycu k:lOk tied.• 1 someone who writes for the lheater? playwright 2 someone who writes about the life 01 a famous person? hiogrD plll~r 3 someone who writes about important events in the past? historian 4 someone who writes fictional stories? novelist 5 someone who writes dialogues for the movies? screenwriter Unit 6 Words. we intiOOuce it with by: We use must (not) / may (not) I might (oot) / ootid (not) / can't + have to make deductions aboot the past and to tal< about possiJity i"I the past. No. The letter had been sent before I realized .mat was You will be notified in due course. ~ Certain She can't have arrived yet. The nev. 3 YQI.

1 Think of an interesting story that happened to you or someone you know. 3: o 0. b End in an interesting way. 4 Write a fi rst draft. Cl! ~ >- o --' LJ. II was a beautiful sunny afternoon with not a cloud in the sky.. Suddenly. a In pairs. there was a scream and then all fell silent. at first two days earlier as soon as before that summer in the meantime Descriptive tanguage adverbs: sadly adjectives: merciless unfortunately slowl y suddenly piercing brightly shiver ing sea-bl ue dangerous l y b Now find examples of some of the points in the table in the anecdote in Ex8f'Cise 1c. over the fence. I'll never forget what happened. words Unil6 . 1 heard friendly laughter and I looked up to see two boys playing in the trees. Ten ses I verb forms past progressive (to set the scene) simple past past perfect past perfect progressi ve reported and direct speech Sequencing expre ssion s meanwhile later that evening .c d Intreduce a change in the action to increase interest. In pairs.PLAN [> Your action ptan.. words. Add some more examples if you can. c Read this story. Although I remember nothing of the accident. ~<J REVIEW Review your action plan.ph 1 Pamgn. Paragraph 4 Grve backgrOUnd to the story. 4 Applying what you have learned You are now going to write a short story of between 150 and 200 words. 5 = the least important. and wtlat opportunities for speaking EngliSh you have taken. It ricocheted off a tree and then bounced off my head. 1 What title would you give to this anecdote? 2 Did you enjoy the story? Why? / Why not? past perfect progressive shivering before reported and d irect speech that summer sea-blue dangerously in the meantime I was a six-year-old living in Hawaii at the time. Put the types of language in the box into the correct column of the table.J o o o o o o a wide range of appropriate vocabulary and interesting expressions a well·organized narrative that is easy to follow and understand an interesting plot that makes you want to read to the end 3 Analyzing how language is used to make a good story a A writer needs to use variety to make a story come alive. Match the paragraph with the part of the story. e. look al the "ingredients of a good story" below and number them in order of importance: 1 == the most important. a surprise.C) i= -:: a z A narrative 1 Looking at what makes a good story What makes a good story? In this lesson you will ook at the techniques involved in making a good story. at first simple past unfortunately past perfect characters that are well-developed and believable a range of different tenses. And I'm still visited by the baunting thought that death can come calling at any time.. 2 Analyzing the organization of a story Read the anecdote again and look at how the writer develops the story. rewrite your story on a clean piece of paper and give it a title. tell your partner about your action plan for Unit 5. provide a 'twist: 3 Organize the story into paragraphs. but put the story into paragraphs and make it as clear as possible. The next thing I knew I was lying in a hospital bed with my head bandaged up. a problem. Don't worry about producing perfect English now. making opportunities to speak English In pairs. You probably won't finish it in class but you will be expected to finish it as part of you r action plan.g. Follow the steps below. Words. although the truth is I don't recall anything immediately after that unlucky event. Pamgn. S Read you r story.g. 2 Make a few notes to summarize the main points of the story. The two boys bad been playing with a sugar cane knife when onc of them lost hold of it. --. a story that gets the reader's attention and keeps rt.ph 3 a Develop the story step by step. answer the questions. I took my usual shortcut home .J > LJ. solve a puzzle.. 1 have a three-inch scar along my skull to prove it. The blow must have knocked me unconscious. I was walking home from school. --I--l-. 6 Finally. Note: you wi ll need to show your final anecdote to your classmates at the 8fId of Unit 7. You can use the model in Ex8!'cise 2 if you want. You can rewrite it as many times as you like. and through the trees. most of which will be past forms two days earlier slowly suddenly as soon as piercing brightly b Compare your answers with the class.along the beach. that is. writing an interesting story Finish writing your story. Correct the English and add descriptive language to make it more interesting. e.ph 2 Pamgn. even on a beautifully sunny day.

b Complete this conversation using going to + verb. If Fran got married to John. Use the word in parentheses. 1 If the New World / not I discover I native civilization I not "--" I destroy. 1 He was wearing a wedd ing ring so he must be married 2 Ho had two passports so he could have dual nationality 3 He was meeting a woman named Paula . not really.. '--" but l ean 't soe that happening... Why don't you join us? Rita In the evening? Thanks. I they I live I Australia. Do you want to come? Rita I'd love to but 2 I teach (teach) my salsa class every Saturday night.a Complete this conversation using the simple present or present progressive tense.. 4 They didn't have more children because they couldn't afford them. isn't he? If there 3 is (be) a football game. or going to + verb. 2 The police are questioning several suspects. native civilization wouldn't have been destroyed.J I not I too / expensive. 3 I 'm going to stay (stay) at home and clean my apartment . 'II be (be) a great Jean I don't agree.. the lecture bad already started . 5 They separated after four years of dating. be would be { would have been happy . I'd buy that apartment if! were you. they would Jive in Australia" . Then look at the theories the detective is formulating and make deductions. (dating) They bad been dating for four years before they separated.. Any plans for Sunday? Rita No./ the day of the exam. . Bob Fantastic! Do you think TIm 2 will make (make) a good father. '--" e Look at these notes made by a police detective at the \. Tom Dh. 2 If Fran I get I marry I to John. 3 Marriage made him unhappy. though? Jean What do you mean? Bob Well ./ scene of a murder in New York. so I'll buy a new cellphone ifit isn't too expensive.. right. If the New World had not been discovered. (bappy) If he'd remained single. will/won 't + verb or the first conditional. 4 I havo somo spare money. (being) Several suspects are being questioned .she might be his girlfriend 4 He still had a lot of money so the motive for the shooting couldn't be theftlmoneylsreed 5 He still had tho tickets for the game so he couldn't have 80ne to the game c Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. I forgot.. . it's Father's Day so I 5 'm going to cook (cook) dinner for my dad in the evening. She might have gotten a better grade if she hadn't felt sick on .soinl to bave (have) the baby in three weeks..it's a mess ! 4 Are you doinS (you/ do) anything? Tom Well. She 1 '. I'd love to. 3 She / might / got I bellor grade I if I not I feel sick I all 1. so II buy I new cell phone I if \. he's very selfish. [have some spare money. (might) They migbt have bad more children if they'd been richer.. I think he 6 dad! d Expand these notes to make complete sentences.. Helen's huge now. 5 I I buy I thai apartment / if / I I be I you.. he 4 ' U go {gol to it . Tom 11 'm going (go) to a concert on Saturday night. (already) When we arrived at the auditorium. That's my advice. Jean I saw TIm and Helen in the street. Ho 5 won't want (not want) to sit at home and take care of the baby. 1 The lecture started at 9:00 and we arrived at 9:15..

become close fr iond s mother-i n-law a single parent fr iendsh ip stepsisters .r There is a 8rammatica l mistake in each of these sentences. a dishwasher 5 I'm out of the house a lot and people complain they can never reach me. got Luckily. but Mike's family liked the idea of marriage I different. being taught/are taught 5 The new skyscraper should have completed by next summer. an alarm dock 4 We keep arguing about who's going to do the dishes after dinner. Co rrect the mistakes. a fiber b fat c carbohydrates d minerals e vitamins f protein 1 2 3 4 5 found in food like bread and potatoes and gives your body heat and energy @) fowld in food li ke oil and butler and gives you energy but is fil llening I!il the parts of fruit. are spoken 4 Children are teaching Greek in tenth grade. f his parents 81 scared because 0 d M'ke got milrried. His dad had gott~n di'lO~:in.. Martha Bnd her ~utu. 1 The worl d's first cell phone virus has invented by hackers. sticky notes a hole puncher an alarm clock an ironing board correction fluid a dishwasher an armchair a paper clip an answering machine a food processor a washing machine 1 Do you have anyth ing I can hold these pieces of paper together with? a paper dip 2 I've made a couple of mistakes on this application form. screen novel play poetry biography I h What do the speakers need? Choose an objcct from the box. So did he want 4 fI 5 mother-in-Ia'!. were 3 Native American languages speak more widely than Spanish in Bolivia. have been completed g Read this story a nd comillele it with the words or Match tho words with the a ppropri ate definition. \Qug r 'endshi\! or marriage? Mike. 1\'10 years later t oy go. 1 can'. 'Iegetables. eggs.!2. correction Ouid 3 I can't wake up in the morn ing and I'm always lale for work. Happily. Over mother temalDed 1 .le O arent but hi~ dad .aJ the years they had 3 "ke another sister to I ht that sho was 1 sometimes I. Martha c. Claude Lomax in 1906. There is one extra item. out together for years Martha and Miko had ~eoll gOI~I~ e they decided to live and after they both fi mshe: co \gengagod but Mike together. or grains (com . wheal) that help food pass through your body I!l a substance in foods such as meat. e was tile correct wasn't really sure whether ~arn:~raditiOnal family and me slep for him. and milk that makes you strong Rnd healthy I!l natural substances in foods like iron and calcium.a a:~~idS. was 2 These shoes !!. send it like this. His mom and background was compl~te ~ he was just a baby.' rcmarfl'ed and Mike noW ha close frien ds .~Ul becOme rea .~ Martha thai Mike was O along well and she explilmo ' r ' ed marriage. d th 2 stepslSters . M. designed by the famous French designer. two years liltor Marlha an 1 Complete the text with a form of the words in the box. which we need for good health lID phrases fro m the box. an answering machine .

to team sports. round face. They generally don't like sporls. They tend to be loners. angular face with thin lips.a article on tho right is about face reading. Nevertheless. such as heavy eyelids indicating on introveft. 4 . Face reading has a long hislofy and even IOdoy people ore surprised by ils accuracy. angular face A 4 small head and small facial features 8 b Complete the labels 011 the faces with these phrases. thin noses are often loners and workaholics. optimistic.. Their personality is oo. usually square-shaped. Although by no means locking in intelligence.fempered and can suddenly "fly off the handle". The nose is often flat and the chin is prominent. someone who keeps their feelings 10 themselves. This athletic type tends to be of medium height with brood shoulders. There are certain fealures thot tend 10 indicate personality types. They are active and enjoy physical work in the open air. 58 Unil7 Body language . They prefer individual sports. I h lve aca. 1 wide. small ears and a small nose. tends to be small. so they tend to be bod.. c Find personality adjectives in the article that have the opposite meaning to these. These people are basically introverts: they tend to be quiet. having none of someth ing a long.·m"lIlIv they're extroverted. Match each description with one of the faces then compare your answers in groups. and while many people 05SOCiale dase-set eyes with a ntrustwort rson. bony lace. cha nge suddenly tl} 2.ct· d . People with Ioog. fSliy-.~c:ondepressed. discuss these features. ernie at lotic intelligent/ not very smart SOCIable/a loncr b Read the articlc and check your answers. they p::>inl more often to someone who i uIC'1 in In According 10 face-reading specialists. such as boxing and weightlifting. This type has a GLOSSARY untrustworthy not copablo of being trusted fly ofT the handle become angry very quickly lacking without something. In p8i~S.~t ~~~:~~~~. they tend to have a low forehead. They tend to have a lorge. types. 2 Reading skills a Th. Many movie directors and other artists tend to belong to this type. faces fall into certain types. 3. Some people believe we con judge bushy eyebrows thin lips prominent chin low forehoad heavy eyelids small nose full lips small ears close-set eyes c Can facial features lell you anything about a person? In pairs. This type hos a small head and small facial features. cheerful demanding honest outgoing predictable slow-wittecl ~. Use these words and phrases. they can be emotionally ~ble.1 Vocabulary: the face a Match the faces with these descriptions. round face C 2 long. bony face D 3 large. these types can react spontaneously without thinking about the consequences. ox~rovortcd/introverted optimistidpessimistic qUIet/confident calmlbad-tempcred lazy/. This type has a large head and a wide. tr~ to describe the characters of the people In Exorcise 1 from their faces. such as the four below: 1. full lips a weak chi n close-set eyes thin lips a high forohand bushy eyebrows 0 person's character from their faciol characteristics.

n exercise 1. •• In Exercise 2b. then check in pairs. (For example. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into pairs to make predictions aboutlhe people i. push out your chin to show "prominent" chin . using the descriptive adjectives in Exercise 2a. Ask students 10 do Exercise 1a in pairs. [n Exercise l b. etc. Ask a few pairs how they have described the people. Objectives Vocabulary the face Topic: face-reading Reading a psychology article Writing a detailed description Speaking describing people's faces of a face Put on the board a large magazine picture of 0 person's face. Elicit a few ideas from different pairs at the end. As a whole class. Ask How can you describe this person's face in deloil? What con you say about this person's personality? Do you think you can make guesses about someone's personality from their face? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: the face Bri efly pre-teach the paris of the fac e by pointing to parts of your face and asking W}lQrs this? You/' chin.. Go through the answers as a class.) Ask students to discuss the features in Exercise 1c in pairs. you may need to check the meaning of the adjectives by miming and showing. ask students to lahelthe paris of the faces at the lop of the page. ask students to match the descriptions to the faces and check in groups. Remind students 10 check the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. Ask students to match the words in Exercise 2c with opposites in the text. Body language T 70 Unit7 .

4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks. small. thin ears sticking-out. wrinkled nose large. bushy eyelids wrinkled. dose-set. bloodshot. 2. they have to decide whose face in the group matches which description in the text. large. Write a number Il. Students have 10 read their descriptions aloud while their partners look at page 147 and identify the face being described. round. th ick. Then ask them to work in pairs or small groups 10 complete the lablo. raised. 3. slightly. high. friendly. check answers with the class while you build up a class lable on the board. wide. Move around the class. bony. monitoring and helping with idoas and vocabulary. elc. 4 nose. and find the picture. deep-sel. Then ask ono perSOIl from each group to stand up and describe one of the famous people to the class. Then lei the individual concerned decide whether the description matches hisfhor personality.) at the lop of each one as you collect them. angular. Collect all the descriptions. long face Ask studonts to read and analyze the texl in exercise 3c by answering the questions in Exercise 4b. 2 eyes. slightly wrinkled : hair is receding. Afterwards. slightly hooked wido. 5 mouth/ lips. etc.) on each pidure. long. Make sum students have finished their descriptions before going on to Exercise 4d . 7 ears 3 looks intelligent. quite. B. fairly In Exercise 4c. Additional actMty Bring in a pile of "faceso cut from mogozines. flat. Encourage students to try oul phrases from the Useful Language box. then skip exercise 3a and move straight on to exercise 3b. long. narrow. low.3 Speaking ski lls Ask students to work in small groups. Coiled the magazine pictures and stick them on the walls around the classroom. Divide the class into pairs. wide. Give the groups five minutes to discuss. small. Answers: 1 The first sentence describes the fa ce and general appearance because it is best to start with a general description before moving to spocifics. Ask students to read the description in Exercise 3c. Tell students they have seven minutes. laughter lines 4 very. C. poi nted. and write a letter IA. light blue. In Exercise 3a. 3 eyebrows. square-shaped eyes large. and give each pair a magazine °foce: Ask them to work together to write a description of the foce. Which pair can match the most descriptions to pictures in that lime? Unit 7 T 71 Body language . 6 jaw/chin. narrow mouth lips fu ll . plump. 2 1 fo rehead. heavy-lidded eyebrows thin. thin. wide-set. Let students check in pairs. read it. Suggested a nswers: oval. pointed. and match it to a face. then briefly elicit answers from the whole class. If you feel any students might be uncomfOrloble tolking about their appeorance. Note Handle Ihis activity with sensitivity. aftor students have selected their identikit picture from pago 147. Ask students in groups to describe the faces of the famous people in Exercise 3h and decide what they arc like. heavy forehead broad. Put the descriptions in a pile on your desk and ask the pairs to pick up a description. small. ask them to write their description.

2. raised. His/Her large. which is slightly wrinkled. and looks intelligent. thick. sticking-out. e. see how good your description is. Face Eyes Eyebrows Eyelids Forehead oval. b You are going to write a very detailed description of a face. He/She has quite long ears and has laughter lines at the corners of the eyes and between the nose and mouth. friendly. ilnd 3. Write a careful description of the face. one each from groups 1. Student B: Look at page 147 and identify the "face" that A describes. broad. giving as much detail as you can . e Now swap roles and repeat Exercise 4d. How many examples of the faces described in the article can you find? Are the descriptions accurate? Check with your classmates. Turn to page 147 and choose the parts to make a face from the " identikit pictures". full . The eyebrows are very thick and bushy. wide. bloodshot. USEFUL LANGUAGE Do YOII think / Would you say thai you 're shy? How would you describe yourself? Do you think the descriptions ore accurate? b Look at the faces of famous people below. thin. light blue eyes are wide-set and quite heavylidded. c Now read this description of a famous person and match it with one of the faces. deep-set. and slightly hooked at the end . Student A: Read your description to B. Write as many ways of describing a face as you can. pointed. narrow. 1 What docs the first sentence describe? Why? Z Number the parts of the face in the order of the description: nose ears eyebrows forehead jaw/chin mouth/lips eyes 3 What other details about the face does the description give? 4 Which words does the writer use to modify the adjectives. large. angular face. with fairly thin lips. very? c You have witnessed a crime and you need to describe the offender to the police. His/Her mouth is wide. He/She has a wide high forehead. look at the description in Exercise 3c and answer Ute questions.g. First. Discuss what the faces say about their characters. large. and the chin is quite prominent. wrinkled. The hair is receding a little from the forehead. The person's nose is long. The jaw and chin are strong.3 Speaking ski lls a Look carefully at your classmates. 4 Writing ski lls a Complete this table with words and phrases from the lesson. plump. Body language Unit? . Mel Gibson Nose Mouth Lips Ean. pointed. This person has a long. You will need to identify Uuee parts of the face. and are low over the eyes. d [n pairs.

" b "I really don't care.~ confident." c "I'm so nervous. He looks velY pleasallt." c ''I'm tired. We often make up our minds about people on the basis of first impressions. He/She looks like + noun phrase: He looks like a boss / an authoritalive person. look at the pictures of people." b "I'm feeli ng great. Choose adjectives to describe each one." c "I hate giving presentations. aggressive arrogant authori tative bored confident conten t easy-going edgy indifferent nervous relaxed superior threatening vain ® - 2 Speaking skills a In pairs. 4 The face is importan t but expression is more important . voice." c "That's great!" Listen to a body language expert ta lking about first impressions and check the aspects of a person's appearance that the expert mentions. 1 a " I don't like this. We ljke Persall 2 most. 3 Peop le use clothes to give an image of themselves." c "Everything's okay!" 5 a "I don't know what to say. She seems authoritative." b " I can't wait to get away. c Do you agree or disagree with the statements in Exercise 3b? Why? / Why not? 1 Uni17 Body language . but not after look: They seemed to be interested in the house. but she looks like a warm kind af persan.Body talk 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Look at the pictures of the six people. Listen again to check if necessary. build I!:j' height !1 color I!:j' clothes character 0 posture 1!1 face 1!1 eyes 0 hair 0 expression ~ gestures voice 0 1!1 i!1 b Complete these notes about fi rst impressions. etc. She seemed sure oj the facts. Which one(s) would you like to meet? b List the reasons why you chose the perso n/people and discuss them with another pair. LANGUAGE NOTE The verb look describes only appearance. We can use to be after seem. 2 There is a danger of stereotyping people but first impressions are often correct. but seem can describo behavior." 3 a "Out of my way!" b "You're in trouble!" c "I'm terrified! " 4 a "I don't have any money!" b "I hate this place. 5 One of the most important things in forming opinions is gesture." b "The interviewer looks sick. 3 Listening skills c What do you think each person might be saying or thinking? Choose the best answer then discuss it with a partner. USEFUL lANGUAGE He/She looks/seems + adjective: She seem." 2 a "r know they respect me." 6 a "I really don't know.

how important are they? B Th€. except for the following. formed by the thumb ond forefing€!'. so someone in smarl business clothes is likely to be authoritative. there is a danger of st€!'ootyping people although you'd be amazed at haw often first impressions are correc1. I remember sitting next to someone on a plane who was dressed in black and she looked pretty somber.~ means trouble! A I see. However.think of someone sitting with their legs extended. The first thing we notice about people. the way we carry ourselves. Elicit adjectives from tile box to describe the woman. Put students in small grou ps to discuss tbe statements in Exercise 3e.. 3b. standing upright but relaxed with your hands 00 your hips gives a sense of being in control and authoritative.you know . You can be ottracted to a beautiful face. in which case ~ ploys a huge perl in forming opinions. is their physical appearance . How great a pori does it play in forming opinions about peop!e? B WeD. especiOlly if the person is also pointing aggressively . Take stroking your chin . Answers: Students' answers may vary. A Isnl that a bi! dangerous? I mean.raising both shoulders. I think of rt as being everything about our appeorance. What about the face in oil lhis? B Well. you know. Ask students to check the boxes for Exercise 3a. On the other hand. 4c. the expression will create a great€!' impresslon. we form opinions about people on !he basis of first impressions. you've done a lot of work on the Imporlance of body language. Answers: According to the body language expert. A Okay. Ask students in pairs to discuss Ule best answer in Exerc ise 2c . ~ ~ 30'' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------.for us it terlds to mean that the person is thinking. how loll they are. A You mentioned clothes . A Now. 6a Play the audio agai n. Finally. [The stress is on the first syllable of all the words listed. which corry stress on the se<:ond syllable. ~ suggests they think someone is siCk. but if that person is miserable and frowning. of caurse. Elicit descriptions from the class. when we storied talking. su'perior. ou'thorifalive.Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing Pronunciation intonation of feeling Ustening interview with an expert Speaking making inferences linkers expressing contrast personality about character Slar1lhe lesson by checking the meaning and pronunciation of the adjectives in exercise 1. and we often make up our minds. ag'gressive.J Check understanding with questions like: Introduce the topic How can you describe someone who is always shouting of people? (aggressive1 How can you describe someone who thinks he or she is better than otherS? (arrogantl 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Ask students to look at picture 1. despite the person's beauty. How imperlant is thot? B I think gesture is one of the most imporlant things in forming our opinion of peopie and responding to them . Then put students in pairs to think which words describe the other people. R ead the adjectives aloud modeling the correct stress. a classic example of a gesture we hove to be careful with is the "0" sign. But of course. their color. Howev€!'. re'/axed. ~ depends on your definition of body language. You may need to play the audio agai n. Do Ihe first as ao example. How imporlant is that? B £x!remely imporlanl. arms above their head th€'{re feeling grootl Similarly.{re nervous. Ask students 10 work in pairs 10 complete the notes in Exercise 3b. 5c (but b in some cultures).{re imporlant because they're the first impression we get of how people choose to present themselves.and irs so variable from country to country. in some countries it is extremely rude! Sa you can imagine Ihe impresslon that might gwe . imogine someone standing with their legs aporl and leaning forward . so we do hove to be careful.that can be very threatening. the more content and relaxed we are . ~ A Fran Mast€!'s. - Body language T 72 Unit7 . how about posture. but for some nationalities. you don't gwe people a chance! B Well. the following are likely: 1b 3 a or b 5 all 3 are possible 2 a ll 3 arc possible 4c 6 a or b 3 Listening ski lls Play the audio for Exercise 3a . but expression is more imperlanl. Ask students 10 listen and check their answers to exercise 2c. Husually means "I don't know: Finally. In most countries rt moons "Everything'Sfine". 2 Speaking skills Point out the Usefu l Language and Language Note boxes before asking students to choose and describe the person they would like to meet in Exercise 2a . or even thai th€. their clothes. Another example is the shrug .their build. the following are the best answers from 2e: 1b. you're an expert on gesture. of course thars imporlant. 2a. people may choose to give a different image of themselves. However. The mare we extend and stretch ourselves. but rt can also moon the figure zero. con'tent in'different. she was roolly talkative and funny.

just listen. 'Nhich con be difficult for students to remember.. Give students time to practice their dialogues. Each type follows different form rules. Addffional activity Ploy this papular intonation game. End this Pllrt of the lesson by putting students in pairs to practice speaking with feeling. this is great. etc.. I went to the party. BosKally.. he/she__ Although he/she~ he/she_..). Then ask one or two individuals to repeat. can toke several forms: they can be subordinoting conjunctions fa/though. Unit 7 T 73 Body language . . Tone range in English is very wide. When I first met he/she seemed .. later _ _ it altematM> 5 Pronunciation : intonation of feeling Play the audio for Exercise Sa. End this part of the lesson by getting students to ta lk in groups about mistaken first impressions in Exercise 4d. Mmm .. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. I can't wait for the interviC'N to be over. angry!. Pause after each statement and ask the class to repeat. Encourage students to exaggerate when they mimic the strong intonation potterns of the speakers. Quick grammar guide: linkers Contrast linkers. This is wonderful. Can Ilhink aboul it 0 liltle bit? I'm sorry. Common problems and 8ITOfS Students often translate directly from their own language and confuse the form rules.4 Grammar: lin kers expressing contras t After asking students to underline the linkers in the examples in Exercise 4a. adverbs. when I got to know him/her. Ask students to match statements to pictures. Read through the Grammar Summary on page 78 with students before asking them to complete the sentences in Exercise 4b. I 2 3 q 5 6 Now... Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Help students prepare to speak about mistaken first impressions by writing some sentence starters on the board. Write the following words in a list on the board: No Movies Yes Oh Homework Tonight Why not When Parents Tell students in pairs that they con put the words (but only these wordsl in any order to make a dialogue. and there's my new boyfriend... 2 3 4 5 6 Now. You say thot og<lin ond you1t be SOfry! Mmm . the dialogues can be very funny. lJesf. but I think we need to talk about your lost essoy_ This is wonderful . I'm not really sure.. neverlheles$ or prepositions or prepositional phrases lin spite of. 322'-. the more extreme the intonation pottern is going to be. This is awful. just listen. Students tend to forgel of in in spite of. Intonation is the 'music' of a language -the way the tone of our voice is used to express emotion and carry meaning. using longuoge from the lesson. the stronger the emotion (enthusiastic. Play the audio again for Exercise 5h. elicit rules from them. he/she . so irs Important to get students to exaggerate the wa>f the expressions are soid when they imitate the recording. At first. I'm not really sure. or connectors.. despite!. the chair is so comfortable ond reloxing. this is great.--. {however. Ask students to choose the correct linker in Exercise 4c and check with a partner.. Ask students to match statements to feelings.ite IRQ!! I~Q!j tired. With the correct intonation. .. I'm sorry. However. using the expressions in Exercise 5d. I went out iR spile R'W headoche. This is owful . Then ask a few pairs to oct out their dialogues for the closs.

. 5 1 Mark proved to be very reliable 4 I'm /J o t really sure.. Use the linkers fro m the be sorry! 3 examples and these: 2 Mm m . comfortable and relaxing. when judging a person.. practice speaking with feeling. and there's my new but even though in spite of boyfriend. d In pairs. 2 his laic arrival for the interview. . Read the notes in the Grammar 1 No w. . sho looked rather somber. although you'd be amazed at how often firs t impressions are correct.. the expression will create the greater • . separatt. 3 Student A: Say any of the short expressions below with one of the feelings in Exercise 5b. this is great.4 4 Grammar: linkers ex pressing contrast a Read the examples from the interview and underline the linkers thai express contrast. Try to remember an example and make notes.'ti by a comma ~ a Listen to six statements and match them with the b Complete each sentence below with as many people in the pictures. theiT chi ldren. just listen. 4 Student 8 : Listen and say which feeli ng A is ex pressing. Can J think about it a little although/even thoughlthough he arrived at the bit ? 6 interview an hour late! 5 I'm sorry. impression. a) serious l[) bl enthusiastic III cl relaxed f!) 1 ~ I Despite I thought she was going to be dl ansry [) eJ uncertain 11) 0 miserable lit a very boring person.. Body Ionguoge Unit7 . separated by a comma 2 . she was rea lly chatty and fun ny. c Choose the correct linker in these sentences.ing. In groups. However. Try to copy tho feelings.. 1 There is a danger of stereotyping people. despite the person's beauty. but I think we need to talk about 2 Mark proved to be very reliable despitelin spite of your last essay. love their children as much as less !onnal parents. 1 nevertheless though 3 This is o wf ul .. How are YOII ? And what 's next ? d Most of us have made a mistake at some point Come on. 6 This is wonderf ul .... he statement. he proved to be very reliable. . let's go. joins two clauses. followed by a comma 3 . 4 HoweverlNeverthelcss . ~ b Listen aga in and match the statements with these feelings. the chair is so 3 Mark arrived an hour late for his interview.. in fac t she was a lot of fun to_be with. 5 We try to mako everyone welcome ·n spite 0 Then SWAP ro les. precedes second sentence after a period .. talk about the situat ion and contrast your first impressions with your final impreSSions. followed 5 PronunCIatIon : mtonati on of feehng by noun or . linkers as possible. You say that again and you'll Summary on pago 76 fi rst. I can't wait for the interview to be over. ~ c Listen and repeat the first few words of each 2 €Spite EJ I However his serious appearance. even though fin ding some people very u lendly.. Even though I€ verthele-mthey Really. Expressions 6 Somo paronts can be vory strict and fonnal with I really don '/ k no w.

then add up your score and read the analysis on page 149. r op e In my family. Number 3 is Uich Ram' also known as Corlos th lrex Sanchez. Hitler's master of the · big lie" _ th aZI Germany and 2 Grammar: the . an She Was executed in 2002 Number 1 is Bonnie P k committed bank rabbe . 1 I'm not interested in wasting time _ _ . I don't think reading other people's e-mails is serious when you share a computer with them because they know it might happen. or er. b Read about the people and check how good a judge of character you are! the U S d ' h nes and murders in Clyd~ Barr~:9 t e ) 930s with her paOner Americon. who Number 2 is Aileen W seYen men . I don·t think COPr'ng my classmates' Work for aSSignments . Then compare your answers with a partner. H. 5 _ _ is not very good for you if you suffer from high cholesterol. to receiving. terrorist activities in Europe in the ol'9. !eavinj" Out informatIon from WoUldn't admtt Your income tal( f nOrmal _ orm Is !!" receivf~ too mUch everYOne money from does it. exaggerating 2 as the object of the sentence and after some verbs: ~ng.e was born and 80s. by traveling. y transPOrtation Without a ticket. e propaganda c How honest are you? Decide whether you agree or disagree with the statements below. a Cash machine. 2 is the best form of exercise for allaround fi tness .ing verb a Look at the statements in Exercise 1c and underline tbe -ing verbs.l!!!&.::!ake extra vacation is dishonest.. decide if they are honest people. discuss your responses to the statements in Exercise l c. I'd try to get a jab & ve saved money !. on publJc resume. Write them next to these rules for using -ing verbs. in Venezuela and Was li~k~~ol.07uO's \l Number 4 is Jose h G b propaganda minister i~ N ~ bels.g.. ~aggeratln.eaYI:I1. 4 I really enjoy _ _ on the weekend in the winter. I Work ~ CaJUI1l n sick now and th en. about my inthepasth qua. Unit7 Body language . 3 I would never admit to _ _ to my boss or my teacher. USEFUL LANGUAGE about Jews. honest are YOUl How 2 5' 3 6" 4 7 8 J think / J believe stealing is wrong.readin&. J disagree with cheating. the e-malls intended fo other pe . agree strongly:: 4 agree:: . b Complete these sentences with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other words necessary.ng. who murdered al~:s~os. by calling.Hlcations on m traveli"J'. I said "agree" for Number 1 because I reod my husband's e-m ail. 6 I've always hated people _ _ when they're not my parents or my boss. We use the .ing verb: 1 as the subject of the sentence: t.J not sure:: 1 disagree:: I d'sagree strongly:: 0 ) ' enjoy. c In pairs. Telling lies can be serious..s.Dishonesty 1 Speaking skills a Are you a good judge of character? Wo uld you trust these people? In pairs.. a story to make It more Interesting ISn't dishonest. copying 3 after prepositions: by ty:. Give reasons for your response.

You may wish to check students' understanding of the "crime" vocabulary in the text. Encourage students to use . monitoring and noting mistakes made involving Coneclion -ing verbs. etc. for political reasons to be executed = to be killed by the state for committing a crime •• Vocabulary check Ask students to do the quiz ill Exercise Ic individually and then chock their answers in pairs or groups.Objectives Grammar the -ing verb Topic: being honest or dishonest Reading a short story. At the end of the activity. _bock Body language T 74 Unit 7 . Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 2b and then check in pairs. elicit answers from the class and ask why students thought the people were honest or dishonest Ifor example: He/She lias worlll eyes. etc. As students discuss the questionnaire. go oround the room. to murder = to kill a person 10 commit a crime/murder/robbery = to "do" a crime a murderer = someone who kills a person a bank robber = someone who takes money from 0 bank a terrorist = someone who kills people using bombs. write some of these errors on the board ond elicit corrections. a nervous smile. Answers will vary. point out the Useful Language box. Also.ing verbs when they speak. Ask students to road the short texts in Exercise lb and check their answers. end this part by getting students to discuss Ute questionnaire in exercise Ic in pairs.). a role-ploy Write on the board: Introduce the 10pic tell the truth tell a lie tell a white lie Ask Are you an honest person? Do you always tell the truth? In what situations should you never lie? In what situations is lying acceptable? 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to briefly discuss the pictures in Exercise la . Answers will vary. Afterwards. In Exercise 2c. 2 Grammar: the -ing verb Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 2a in pairs before checking the rules as a class. o questionnaire Speaking discussing a moral dilemma.

ask the class whether the minister's advice was the same as their advice. After students complete Exercise 3d. When the students are ready. 4 Speaking skills Ask students to read the newspaper extract in Exercise 4a and in pairs make a list of possible opinions. . Remind students about the Glossary. Answers to Exercise 3c will be individual. Remind students that tbey have to come to a decision about what to do about the site.ti 3 Reading skills Give students a couple of minutes to fead and think about the questions in Exercise 3a. Encourage students to discuss their answers with a new partner. 4 He felt a responsibility to his family . and ask each student in each group to choose one: A local resident 8 social worker C member of local Chamber of Commerce o local doctor When students have selected their role. 3 He didn't know whether he should be honest and resign or not.a responsibility to earn. Write the roles on the board. and then ask them to check their answers with a partner. Building . Unit 7 T 75 Body language . Answers: 1 A consultant 2 He felt he was charging a company an exorbitant fee. Monitor and help with vocabulary.. In Exercise 3b. Ask students to list the opinions of their "character" in note form and add any from exercise 4a . ask them to look at page 146 and read their role card carefully. say. Surely it's beller to / important to . have students work individually to find the answers to these questions. ask them to discuss the site. Then match one pair with another to form a grou p of four to do the role-play in Exercise 4b. Give a time limit of. but. I see your point. Then put them in small groups to discuss their answers. Presentation altemative Write some useful language on the board to help students with the role-ploy: I think / I believe we should. eight minutes. would be .

the consultants were to determine the reasons fo r the losses of the comp. For a fcc of $25. yearS ago. g star ts at . Maine. Be honest! 1 When you need someone to talk to. 1 How do you think the minister responded to the man's request? 2 What would you have advised the man to do? 3 What do you think the man did in the r end? d To find out how the story ends. who do you turn to? 2 Would you resign from a job if you had to do something you believed was wrong? 3 Would you resign from Ihal job if you and your family needed the money? II Read tho story on the right and answer the questions below. The . Come to a decision about the site. homeless.3" h ostilitY . look at the bottom of the page. " I've been walking up and down the street wondering if I should disturb you. discuss what you think might be the opinions of the poople who live near the land. H e said. {row \oc 6. . Do I have the right to renounce a good salary and impose hardships on my fa mily until I get another job?" GLOSSARY delermine find oul absorb (here) pay without finding illoo difficult render a service give/offer 8 service b In groups of four. and to chart a way to profits. ceun . 1 What was the man's job? 2 What was the problem he perceived with h is job? A Moral Dilemma everal years ago in Bangor. the notoriOUS The fate of d in the Las \ t onan vacant p o . In pairs. a man knocked on the door of a minister late at night. consIdering the moral implications of your decision. expec . evaluating the operating of a fail ing company in Bangor. in the Cl~J e a n'lC eung tY since fir d h as been ern:P 'wl t\\lO \ an the old hoSP1 destroyed _1 residents and \oC<u . imagine you are al the meeting. b met With te d to be a1 residents. answer these questions. discuss these questions. increastng\y have become rnptY plot dasthce • conccrne attracting drug has been eleSS people. addiCts an for the site IS ntn\an . Your teacher will give you roles from p~gc ~4G. I am convinced that we are charging this company a n exorbitant fcc far beyond its power to absorb and far beyond the proper charge for the services we arc rendering. . But. I need someone to talk to. 4 Speaking skills a Look at the newspaper extract. wanted.3 Reading skills a Before you read. though it's easy to see many faults in its operation and cite remedies. 's The cur r e l' the CItY uild a hostel for a1 is to b ut this propOs . " It's just what S 3 What wns his moral dilemma? 4 How did his fa mily affect the moral dilemma? c In pairs. Should I resign and tell the board of the company how I feci? My responsibility to my family disturbs me." H e was on a first assignment with a wcll~kJl ow n consulting firm in New York City. Body language Unit . " I worked for months to get this job." he said. d hom . The rn and all are tomorrow evetUJlg wel corne .my.000. going to be di tflCt 1S EstfeUas s '" evening at decided tOIUorro\ '"" hall.

'~: even gotten to in u before conclusions a. 2 What can yo u guess about their past? He/She m ightlcouJd have .::.. ..~dO :~:t~~e interviewer JIly~.. the "Three Vs"': visaU say) .ng and verba. W e are looking for people with a creative streak and lots of imaginatio n. studY. b Read the ad for a fundraiser..- 1 Warm u p a Read tho toxt below. and to help us ra ise the funds necessary to continue our research.ti°C:t~on. w ho will be able to think of and manage original but successful fundraisi ng projects. What would you say about those aspect s? appearance nonverbal communication oyo contact han dshake backgrou nd oducati onallovel commun ication skills confidence voice Candidates will ideally have experience in working for a charity.ke or bres. k eep betWeen tWO llUU tun. the first Of::: the first 30 S~~le when they roe et :~t"View. On the basis of appearance alone.wing the interview room. The ideol candidates will be commiHed to ecological and green issues and will be passionate and enthusiastic when dealing with both the public and with other organizations.a. Moreover. What can you guess about the people in the pictures? ACCOr ()1D.l ( what Y ffectiveness is vocal (voice).bOut y o xt tune you're on an dra. AbOut 93 another usi. but trai ning will be provided. Your interpersonal skills will be essential in establishing a rela tionship with potential donors. rson's co:aununica. would you discount any oftha applicants in the pichlres? c L pairs.. people eVal uate one ual (appearance) .~ ..\ne ds ro.g to one UCLA. then answer the questions.Rainforest ~Research Rainforest research is looking for experienced fund raisers to ioin our team! We need highly motivated people to raise public awareness of the problems faci ng rainforests today. percent nonverbal COJOlll~k the connection dewrro. 1 What do you th ink the people are like? He's/She's the kind of person who . He/She looks I looks like . list the qualities and skills necessary for n tho job advortised. Unit 7 Body longuoge .

As students report their answers to the class . be polile. Ask students to read the ad in Exercise l b and discuss the question . She might not have been to a job interview before. prepare what you won/lo say. make eye conlad. the post. She's shy. need to have worked with people: an interest and knowledge of environmental issues Educational level: well-educated but no need to be very intelligent Communication skills: need to be very good Confidence: h igh . Then put students in pairs to list qualities and skills under the headings in Exercise l c. smiling eyes Handshake: strong. She looks confiden t and easy-going. He looks like a movie star. perhaps arrogant. positive •• Bodylonguoge T 76 Unil7 . whol is il importonllo do? Introduce the topic E answers and write a lisl on the boord. the passive interviewers' notes Ustening an interview ponel Speaking assessing candidates.Objectives Grammar Topic: interviews Reading dedudion and possibility in job ods. Possible list: Appearance: smart casual. Anna is the kind of person who is very quiet at parties. enthusiastic Non-verbal communication: good posture: confident manner Eye contact: need to be good at making eye contact. 1 Warm up Ask studonts to do Exercise 1a in pairs. Ask If you wont 10 make 0 good impression of a job interview. CVs. arrive on time. Louise is the lcind of person who likes to be friendly and helpfu l. smiling. Some possible answers ore: licil dress smartly. e ncourage lots ofspccullllion. friendly.but not overly so (arrogant) Voice: clear. making a presentation Write on the boord: A job interview. wear a suit. finn Background : well-traveled. smile. Monitor and help with ideas. enthusiastic. Ho might have worked for a high-powered company. Ho looks confident. warm. Suggested answers: Matthew is tho kind of person who doesn't like people to be late. be enthusiastiC: be positive. She may have worked in public relations.

I dOll't think we can management experieoce may hove been B Yes. at first I lhought louise would hove beerl ideal buI she locks a key skiI.. I do. relevant. good eye cootOCf. I think we should get her bock for a SC(ond interview. she kept looking over my shoulder. and make notes. Start the role-play. I thought at first he seemed a bit indifferent. ask them to sit a circle of five .so he might hove thought at first tho! the job didn't offer enough challenges. buI it isn1 really.her 0 eye conlOO wos bod. not excited obout the job. Do you? A Yes. and that kind of thing. 3 Prepare Ask students to remain in the same small groups and follow the instructions to propare for the group presentation. I wonder why she hod those two years out from 2000 to 2002. she didn't wont 10 tell us. on interesting guy. not excited about the job Elicit answers from the class before asking students for their own opinion.. Her interpersoool skills orenl really good enough. A Yes. Go around the class. A So. A I agree. B No . Play the audio again. possible personal problems at first seemed a bit indi fferent. B Yes. make sure students understand that debriefing means finding out information about a past action or event. and from whol Anno said. and irs what we need. B True. A A liII1e 100 confident. gel 0 better ideo of how QUickiy she might pick up the financial side. thors one job filled. NIaIIhew . too.. interpersonal skills aren't really good enough. Okay. He gol more interesled v. would be good at the personal side of the job.and he must hove hod plenty of those in advertising . something. she lacks a key skill. A No. Okay. who! did yoo think of Anno? ""'good' A Well. Encourage the interviewers to be diplomatic in what thoy say. she really needs 1 wort. I thought 01first that her theater we've interviewed today. Ask students to refer back to tho list they made in exercise l e. usually by questioning someone thoroughly. Answer: They offer Matthew a job and ask Louise to come back for a second in terview. 4 Feedback Pair up groups. financ ial planning. Ask students to listen and note the outcome. well he sold he likes a challenge . discuss i t. ~'-----------------~----~~--------------------------------------.rtywaoJ. with tho interviewers faci ng the candidates. good experience in fundroising and managing money . liked travel potential Louise pleasant manner . I think thars her manner. End the lesson by discussing the questions in Exercise 6b . good eye contact. he did. B Me. r r Unil7 T 77 Body language .. Wei. Subdivide the groups and allow the two interviewers and three interviewees five minutes to prepare..nico smile. and tho! ki'ld of thing. the Greenpeoce job mUSl hove involved more office work thon our job. look. Have students listen and make notes. She'd be good at the personal side of the job. find out which candidates students would recommend and why. I didn't think she was 100 confident.tlen we talked oboullhe travel potef1lial. When students are ready. Rnonciol planning is key! We hove 10 hove someone who coo do thot! A Well. Ihe "". helping with vocabulary and ideas. in Exercise 5c. we'd better look at the three candidates hove hod some personal problems or B Yeah. She's got a very pIecsont manner . Ncm.she must hove done exactly whot we wonl in the Greenpeoce iOb . maybe? And her Quolificalioos oren1 exactly relevant. but then he improved during the interview. let's do thot. B Mmm. on those . Ask the chairperson of each group to prescnt their ideas to the other group. though her degree is exoctly right. degree is right Matthew likes a challengo. When eliciting answers from the class. eye contact was bad. /Jo. She might I liked him. theater management experience not relevant: a little too confi dent . Ask students to copy the table in Exercise sb into their notebooks. TeU the interviewers to briefly list the points they wish to make to each candidate. 6 Follow up Before dividing the class into groups of fi ve for Exercise 6a.she WOSfi't really right fOI' '"""'" ""'. Now.2 Task Divide students into groups of four to read the infonnation. Well. although Anna hod the key experience and skills. if we send her on a training course. il ~ 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Go around monitoring and noting any mistakes for later discussion. A Good ideo. let's go and tell them the news . you know. maybe? qualifications not exactly relevant Against Greenpeace job more office work than this job. kept looking over my shoulder. finonciol planning. Answers: For Anna experience in fundra ising and managing money. sending her on a course should help. I think we should offer him one of the jobs. B No. she should learn that in a couple of weeks.nice smile.

Harden BiochemiCals Research assIstant . then give the resu lt of the interview to each candidate in tum and tell them why they got I didn 't get the job. When they are talking to the other candidates.) 4 Appoint a chairperson to take notes for the presentation. read the information above and make notes about each candidate. Ce rtificate in The ~ sutant) f~_ • Mana ater Management Interviewers' notes ger. b In the whole class. Interviewers: Prepare your feedback for each candidate. In groups. . Matthew. f Maryland (Environmental UniversIty 0 Studies) .2002 2003-2004 Work experience 2004-2006 Qualifications I~& ~~ ~ in Media Studies .Matthew Candidate information Anna 'ucation 1995. Work in groups of five and take these roles: the two interviewers. Anna Matthew Louise Fo. would you change any of the decisions? Body language Unit 7 . etc?) 2 What language will you need to compare the candidates? 3 What are your final recommendations? (Remember. What is tho outcome of their discussion? ~ b Listen again and note the points made for and against each candidate. then respond to the interviewers when they are ta lking to you. prepare a three·minute presentation of your recommendations 10 presenl 10 other groups. discuss these questions. a You are going to hold the debriefi ng meetings with the three candidates. 1 How did you feel about tho debriefing meeting? Z After the debriefing meeting. Think about the fo llowing: 1 How will you arrange your presentation? (by candidate.1998 1998-200 0 work 2002. Aga inst c Did you agree with the docisions ofthe interviewers in Exercise Sa? 6 Follow up 2 Task You are going to present your assessment of the best candidate for the job.2006 xperie nce : '- . Then Iislen to their presentation. experience. Would you recommend each one or not? 3 Prepare In your groups.U. Lyric Theater 4 Feedback Present your analysis and recommendations to another group. G enpeace Fundralser. there is more than one job. Anna. Candidates: Talk 10 each olber about how the interview went fo r you. and Louise. re Louise Jj. listen and offer advice afterwards. by skill. Do you agree with their recommendations? Can you add anything? 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people discussing the candidates after the interviews.

before the main vern: cheerlul deprossed extroverted Introverted outgoing quiet Studying hard is the only way to pass the exam. However/Nevertheless. Unit7 Body language . . ~ 2 Personality adjectives academic athletic changeable active authoritative 2 The -in9 verb We use the -ing verb in the fOllOwing ways: • as the subtect of the sentence. she didn't get the Pb. 'M3 separate the clauses 'Mth a rorrvna. 1 _ _ is the best way to be successful in your career. however. It sam-colon.gy untrustworth y outgoi ng rel axed {Iuick .. """ though intrOduce a second idea thai makes the mai"I idea SI. we finished it in time. i"lO'Nev€r". Followed by a comma.thinking 2 dishonest honest introverted demanding slow·wilted 3 extroverted 4 easy-going 5 intelligent want to lead a good life in my country.". though. keep. 4 One thing I enjOy doing in my free time is _ _ " 5 Vv'hen I have enough money. Compare with a partner and explain your choices. 2 I enjoy my work/studies althOugh . add an idea thai makes a previously mentioned idea surprising or less true in spite of.. was a very difficult job. 1 an angular face 6 7 hewy e)!elids 2 a promineflt 3 full D21!fl a high fo r ehead lins l ips 4 buShy eyebro ws • 9 10 bloodshot a poijnted sticking-out e)!e!. Adjective t ne<VOUS -- prodictabIe Shy threatening untrustworthy """""" su"""' "'" Similar meaning Opposite meaning oa1~ • after a preposition: He apologized for being late for tile Interview. Complete this table with one adjective with a similar meaning to the one provided. hate. mind. avoid. 2 _ _ is the ideal way 1 learn a foreign language. dislike. Note: in American English we can also use to + infinitive after like and hate: I hate to be late.x:Jge people by appearances. advertls: precede a second sentence: usucilly after a period but can be after a AlthOugh she had the right Qt. d91y.. INhen the ~te clause comes first.happy • after the following common verbs: like. Write or talk about the contrasts in your life.'ed by a noun oc-ing form of the verb. VV'hen the subordinate Clause comes first. Complete these statements with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other necessary words. although. Nevertheless. Complete these sentences with your own words. We can use a variety of forms of contrast. enjoy.XpI'isi"lg Fonn Example SLtJordilating c:orlu1ctkxls: join a mail clause arx:l a subordinate clause. we separate the clauses with a comma. We often judge people by appearances in spite of the fact that some people are not happy about this. .. She didn't get the Pb even IflcxJgh she had the ng. Reading lots of books is the best way to ~ demanding edgy intelligent optimistic quick-thinking slow-witted arrogant aggressive bad-tempered calm coofident conl ent dishonest easy-going honest indifferent . cI"Wl ears eyebrows eyelids eyes face forehead lips mou1h """ Make combinations of these adjectives and a noun from the list above. with little change to the sentence: We often judge people by appearances but/ though some people may not be happy about this. ". I look forward to _ _ " Choose three adjectives which describe you and three which are not like you at all. despite Introduce a second idea thai It was a very difficult job. 5 thin . makes the maln idea surprising He got the job in spite of / despite his long hair. . 0 3 _ _ Is important if you ' <i. 4 AlthOugh I am not an expert in computers. I in spite of some people not being happy about this. Vocabulary Summary 1 The face We often.t qualifications. pessimistic neM>US team new • as the complement or object after some verbs: Yotx WOfSt habit is lying to me! I really hate rushing to finish assignments. prepositions: follov.I<Wfications. . miss. sane people are not happy 800ut this. arn::! one with an opposite meaning. despite is fl'lOI'e formal than in spite of. In spite of I despite having long hair. 1 In spite of being a good student at school. we finished it in time.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Linkers for contrast The lable below Shows a number of ways in which we can compare and contrast two ideas.! chin 3 I don'! earn much money. suggest. The Slbor'dnate clause can come frst or second h the sentence. U. he £Ptthe job.

z Z (!) Using a monolingual dictionary 1 How a dictionary can help you a In grouPS. or have never worked with one.hftl noun [Cj 1 a medical operation to make someone's face look younge~ 2 work that is done to make someth¥lg look more attractive ay. vefbs or the prepositiorv'adverb? the preposition 3 Think about stress and say this sentence: Face up to your responsibilities Your action pla n: exploring idioms and compounds Look at the entry for eye and the compound entries that follow it on page 157 al the back of your book and complete the task on page 156.. ~ o > o Cl.he S ~~~~~~I~i?§~~:}t~~nt~ ':t"Jn~~: ~~ omg 5th I just exists fact that she still miss~ h' had to face the 4 [T] to talk to someone Wh~~tn . • I turn:~ {~%~e 2 . Let's face it. look at the headword face. exchange and rBad your partner's anecdote. Note: you will need to show these notes to a classmale at the end of Unit 8.Macross thfie ta·ble. w~llfi~cec°Campepte/agfiamst someone: Williams ria I or the title !A~] ~yat~c~~~~itt~ ~~~~n:~tion to have your face or front toward omeone or something' The two m fh~~~~he. Body language Unit7 . General organization face} I retsl verb *** 5 compete against sb + PHRASES + PHRASAl VERB -J L. tf ' fi .hft. Grammar 1 What part of speectl is the 'NOId faceless? adjective left it 'until t~~d':z~~ic:. The three red stars mean thai it is one of the 2.U 1 be turned to 2 deal with problem 3 accept 4 talk to sb 1 look al the headword for the verb face. if you don't study.~. . it's time to get startedl You are going to work on the word face. Now answer the questions that follow the extract.>UU"i/1P'Y 1 'Nhal did you think about the anecdote? 2 Ive there arTf questions you want to ask about the story? 3 can you make My suggestions 10 rnprove it? O~ ". Put this list into the order thai they appear in the dictionary: compound nouns. spd/. . § ~ IX .u~~~1. ~.h Wit. • face doin th M e P10spect workers faa! losin~ ~heir of the shipyard . look at the stress in the phrasal verb in the extract. %~re:gb~rr~~sing: I'll never be ablelStg:~ult 5 T t am GJ ter what happened.~d' ~:tyO~~ it is true: Let's face it. Italy will face Brazil in Lhe final of tlie World Cup. If you aren't working with one.h~Bon~. b Italy will have to play against Brazil in the final of the World Cup. How many definitions of this verb are thefe? five 2 Each headwooj is followed by a number of different categories of words. lilT] i::t 2 Is the p/YasaI verb face up to transitive or intransitive? transitive 3 WtJch two forms can follow can 't face? noun.t a large organization ecause they ace.e". list all the ways a dictionary can help you. I fels.. g>ed Joy <>pJ.C~~~P~~~%~~:.' y room aces north [T] if you face a problem or if it Ii you have to deal with it" be f d ~hes YOU.ing form Pronunciation 1 \'Vhich is the stressed syllable in faceless? fa ce 2 PtvasaI verbs are made of a verb plus one or two prepositions and adverbs. you'll fail the exam. phrasal verbs.500 most frequently used words in the English language..1m -nd .54~. compound nouns 3 How many p/vasaI verbs are listed undef the headword face? one Meaning 1 How many definitions are given for faceIfft? two 2 How are examples sho\. can t ace attending another let's fac~ it spoken used before saying somethmg that people might not want t ~J~.f.U L. Is the main stress on the fr. ~ b Look at the dictionary entries 00 page 154 and see if you can add anything to the group's lisl. It is in red because it is frequently used. ace conference.~:~h. 3: fa~~t·~~~~r~l~s:nar~~i~~~~l~St person does f repr:sen. idioms or phrases. A ~ can. ~e do . The COuntry is now faced Withc.. 2 Using a monolingual dictionary At this level of English.Yn in this dictionary? in italic 3 Rewrite these senteoces USilg a form Of the verb face. you 'll fail the exam."i/ . I<J<] REVIEW Review your actio n pla n: writing an interes ting s tory In pairs.gth: c~on'1'e work. Then discuss these questions. phrases. Iby sth of war. hdp ""' ckd. phrasal verbs. you shoukl be working with an effective monolingual dictionary.. c I want an apartment that looks onto a park I want an apartment that faces the park. a You have to accept that if you don't study.

all of which illustrate qualities thot make a great sports picture.more than iust a great sports picture. The more popular place to go for in big games is at ground level. picture that sums up this great player beautifully . th iS shot. defeat. But this time 0 was beaten by Sebastian Cae: -I couldn't see Steve. a Look at the text and the pictures. Among thelT choices were these three pictures. fearless .it hasn' t been specially set up by the photographer.The great picture shaw What makes a great sports picture? In 2003..it did take five or six players to take him out! He was a mesmerizing player and what the photographer has done is capture that perfectly.s . was now funning lor the tope knowing 1had hit my limit. b In group. movement. Read each captIon and match it with the correct picture. It's a a Th e~e are the captions that accompanied the photographs. the essence of a great competitor : deter mined..had dreamed about for years. the great SPOrts' erb If/ustrated h t t p a ographer was there 00 ~ he's the one that you can ~ behind the champion's legs. causing you to watch UnitS Sports . ' ewasmy .the race Cae . . . Which picture do you think is the best? Number them in order of preferonceand note your masons.. It captures a mo ment af great emo tio n: rage. I've just been out to MIChigan to shoot him again. Cae crosses the line to toke the 1500m gold . the race for the finishing line. 2 3 11 captures 4 It i s spontaneous . victory. ® There's © '--' The moment the world 01 athletics 'NOS Mood upsid e down. reporters on the UK Observer newspaper ch~se the 50 best sports photographs of aU time. The expressions on their faces and the fact that they aU look as thOugh they are about to run off in different directions is wonderful. picture. It was a normal fight H Scharfma n. Herb actually had first choice of seats was a bit annoyed when I got so I 500m had already won the 800m gold . the Moscow OlympiCS. Steve Ovett. 1 B ~ It captures a great event: action. It all happened so fast I loved shooting this man h .. ~ . It was such a bloody marvelous leliel.aVOrlte subiect Such a WOnderful I· A lew meters post the line I sonk to my knees. 1 Speaking skills USEFUL LANGUAGE Whot I like about this picture is ' 0' f don't know why llike 1M!. The onxiety over the lost meters wos unbeorob! h~m~n being. S It is timeless . And he's got a dean background. bul . Which is the most popular picture in your group/class? 2 Reading skills What I love about the picture is that the phOtographer has gone up high into the stands. I'm not sure which is the best picture. not a great story behind this Picture. co~pare your answers. h~ . Justify your preferences w ith reference to the quaht\es III the text.. ecstasy.- GLOSSARY mesmerizing very attractive.. !he fovorite fOf tt .

put students in pairs 10 write their own lisl.. and lell you what is happening or has just happoned in each picture. They should scan each text for clues as to which pict ure it describes.the moment of winning . It is a good idea to model the task first. S ports T 80 Unit8 .Objectives Grammar Topic: sports Vocabulary Reading noun clouses using whquestion words track and field extracts from a sports magazine Speaking ronking photographs according to criteria Write Olympic Sports on the boord. Give students a one' minute time limit to do this. In other words.. name the sport.. Ask students which sports they enjoy playing or watching and why. Then div ide students into groups of four to six to discuss their proforonc(ls in Exercise l b. rage = extreme anger ecstasy = extreme happiness determined '" really wonting to win/succeed fearless". Introduce !he topic . Elicit as many sports as you con from students and write them on the board. The lext is short. 1 Speaking skills Ask studen ts to look at the pictures.and he beats his great rival and teammate Sieve Ovett. H Tho boxi ng picture: Muhammed Ali knocks oul an opponent. Give students two minutes to rank the pictures in order of proference for Exercise 10. ask the class which words helped thorn answer the question. C The ath letics (track and fiel d) picture: Sebastian Cae ofC reat Britain wins tho l S00-meter gold medal at the Moscow Olympics in 1980 . Afterwords.give them two minutes to do it. The photographer has captured a brief momenl. choose a pidure and describe it: What/like about this picture is it /s spontaneous. T hen compile a closs lisl on the board. Answers: A The soccer picture: Diego Maradona of Argentina fa ces the lJelgian defonse in the semi-fi nal of the World Cup in 1986. Presentot. so you cou ld road it aloud while students listen and read. A~ernolively.on alternative You may need to check if students understand some difficult words connected with emotions and qualities. not afraid Vocabulary check Z Reading skil ls Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a quickly. Draw their attention to tho Useful Language box.

Suggested answers: 1 stop him. Then ask them to use other neighboring words to help them decide what the words might mean. 4 at the end of my physical reserves. then check their answers with the Grammar Summary on page 88. beginning with a question word. five or six players are needed 10 do this. out must mean defeat or stop. 2 photograph. I'd like to know R9W €lees f::Ie play so wel/.. or by that + a clause (= subject + verb + object). Presentation 0_ •• Ask students to complete Exercise 3d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. We use noun clauses as subjects when we want to emphasize them .. in Exercise 3a. Noun clauses. Have them appoint one person as the timekeeper for the group. Nobody knows WRI' i5 Re so good. For example. Do the first sentence in exercise 3d as an example. Guessing meaning from context Ask students to work out what port of speech the word or phrase is. take . ca n be confusing for students because (unlike yes/no questionsl there is no inversion or use of question-forming auxiliaries after the question word. What/like about soccer is that the players are so skillful. A good way to manage this activity is to leave them to work through the activities at their own speed. . then answer the questions. For example. Those who finish early will have longer to do the discussion in exercise 4d. 4 Vocabulary: track and field Have students work in pairs or groups of three or four to do Exercises 4a to 4d. Oul must be a phrasal verb. Let students work in pairs. clauses Have students do Exercise 3b in the same way. At the end. 3 the fi nishing line.. Common PfOb'ems and errors Students often attempt to apply question forms 10 Ihe clauses. So. with an overall lime limit of ten minutes. Unit 8 T 81 Sports . 5 an excessive amount t ·· a Quick grammar guide: noun 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) Have students underline the noun clauses. take . Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2c. briefly check the groups' answers.Ask students to match the captions to the phrases in Exercise 2b. Point out that is needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase. Answers: Here the noun clauses are subjects. for example: What/like about soccer is the ball skills. Ask them to work indiv idually and then compare their answers with a partner.

why b Are the noun clauses the subject or the object of the sentence? the object b Now look at these sentences from the captions a nd underline the noun clause. C 7 the race for the fini shing li ne C 8 professional rivalry B. C 3 an unusual perspective for a picture A 4 movement A . 2 Herb couldn 't understand how I got such a good shot. C c Find the following words or expressions in Exercise 2a. Underline the noun clause in each sentence. the kangaroo rat can jump 10 ti mos its own length. at a speed of up to 46 kilometers an hour.that means it accelerates fa ster than the space shutt le! 3 long jump : a kangaroo can jump 13 meters.. d Complete these sente nces with your own words. Figu re out what they mean from the context. a Which question words in troduce the clauses? what . 5 weightlifting : a real ly strong man can li ft twice his own weight. 1 The perspective of the picture is what I love about this one. it is the fastest creatu re on earth. 3 Lot me tell you why . . d What makes a great athlete? In pairs. Then answer the questions. b Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 88... How Bre these different from 1. using the criteria in the box and any others you can think of. c Wh ich sport wou ld these animals excel in? Write the sport in the sentences below. . discuss these athletes. Then compare them with a partner. is my fa vorite sport : 4 What I really like Idon't like about the Olympic Games is . but an ant can lift 50 times its own weight..er sprinter diver weightlifter javelin thrower 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) a Look at these quotes describing tho pictures . 7 What attracts me to watching sports on television is .. c Check your answers in the Gra mmar Summary on page 88.. 1 What I like about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . 2 a great event A. C 6 great emotion B.. Unit S ... 13. C 5 victory B.. 5 One thi ng I don't understand about sports is why .. 2 What the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. a cheetah a flea a kangaroo a dolphin an ant 1 sprinting : the cheetah can run 100 meters in five seconds. 3 You can see from this picture why Coe was such a great competitor.b Read the captions again. 2..l the high jump sprintin). 4 swimming : dolphins can travol great distances in the water without stopping. Verb swim do lhe longjump do Ih ~ higlu ump sprint di vl' lift weights Ihro\\ the ja\'clin Sport swimming long jU1I1J..! diving wei&. e Com pare your ideas with the rest of the class.htlift ill8 the javelin Person swimmer longlwnper his!Lj ume.. 8 I can't understand the menta lity of sports fans who . and 3 above? Why do you th ink this is? 1 What J love about the picture is that the photographer has gone up high into the stands. Which ono describes (or which ones describe) the fo llowing? 1 a great personal ity A. 2: What I dislike about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . 1 take him out {A} 2 shot (8) 3 the tape (C) 4 hit my limit (C) 5 unbearable (C) 4 Vocabulary: track and field a Complete the table with the correct nouns or verbs.. 6 It always amazes me in big soccer or football games how . how.. 2 high jump : a fl ea can jump 100 centimeters high . 1 boxer 2 soccer player 3 runner 4 basketba ll pl ayer 5 weight-lifter 6 race car dri ver abi lity to ru n/jump speed strength hand-eye coordination love of danger ability to work in a team stamina determi nation I think whot mokes a great boxer is .

c Ask your partner these questions about their text. . read about two martial arts. WhIch verb forms follow the expressions? Why?/Why not? capoelra Capoeira was originally an African martial art imported to Brazil along with African slaves. so as to fight their masters.1 Reading skills a In pairs. It has become very popular in recent years. discuss the pictures. drop onto your elbovvs and kick. so the slaves practiced it secretly in the forest In order to disguise it from their masters. do a handstand to move away. 5 A lot of people do yoga or meditate. the slave owners prohibited it.. It consists of a number of movements based on attack and evasion. 1 Some peop le take up a martia l art . the slaves made it look like a dance. Student B: Read the text about karate on page 150. Soon. 4 Everyone should eat a balanced diet. It involves both strength and suppleness.. The first record of it dates from 1770. It was developed by the slaves in Bahia. others do it to keep fit. 3 We should try to use our cars less . Student A: Read the text below. 2 People sometimes do volunteer work . and others to defend themselves. or twist away. b Complete these sentences with an expression of purpose and your own words. Brazil. So in capoeira you might head butt an opponent. GLOSSARY martial to do with war or fighting suppleness being able to move and bend your body easilv '- UnitS Sports .. 1 What are the people in the pictures d· . • Martial arts: Capoeira is now mainly known as a mixture of dance. Some people see it purely as a way of enjoying themselves. and martial arts. gymnastics. wouldn 't feel scared in the streets at mght. after the early years of slavery. too: I took up judo so as nollo I so that I .. Would you prefer to take up karate or capoelra. LANGUAGE NOTE We can use the expressions of purpose in the negative. Try to make at least one negative sentence. omg. about capoeira. Find mor~ ways of expressing purpose in the texts. 2 Grammar: expressing purpose a A common way of expressing purpose is with to: I took up karate 10 keep fit.. 2 What is the purpose of these sports? 3 Do you do any sports like these? Why? b In pairs. 1 2 3 4 Where did the sport originate? When did it originate? Why do people practice the sport? What are its main movements? d ..

.Objectives Grammar Topic: martial arts and parts of the body Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading extract from a Writing Ustening expressing purpose ports of the body w eak forms with l'd/ martial arts book on advice leaflet on security a radio phone-in Wrile Martial Arts on the board. defend themselves Allack and evasion: head bUll .you can toke 0 cob.. In order to disguise it . Let st udents check in pa irs. drop to elbows. Answ ers: Capooim Africa Beforo 1770 To en joy themselves. toe kwon do. but I need to save money. By doing this. philosophical way of life Allack with foot and hands.balance and hip ro tation Divide the class into A poirs and B poirs. " Ask them to road their texts carefully. karole. Then ask thorn to take turns to ask and answer tho q uestions in Exercise l e. Karate may not really make me sofer. here. twist away Karote lndia 2. you give students preparation Hme so that they are ready to answer queslions. Check answers wit h the class briefly. ond it gives you on opport unity to mix pairs in the classroom. Discuss student s' responses to Exercise 1d as a w hole class. in order 1 and so as to a re used to express purpose. Then mix students so that As are paired with Bs. on expression of purpose. Quick grammar guide Answers: . which includes h ow to form tho nogative of an expression of purpose using those phrases.. 10 defend themselves Complete tho fi rs t son te nce in Exercise 2b as an exa mple to get stude nts sta rted . and vice versa. Students then ask a nd answer the questions. You don't hove to walk at nig ht here . ask one or two As to summarize the answe rs from B's text. Ask students to give you examples of martial arts I.. Some people take up a martial art so thai they know how to defend themselves.. so I took up karate to feel stronger. Model a nswers: Some people take up a martial art to keep fit. but I started it in order to feel safer. Write on the board: Introducethetopk bell /dc. kung fuJ..lell students in pairs to decide who is goi ng to bo "A . handstand.. . so as to fight their masters .000 years ago Self-defense.udo. to keep fit . - altemative 2 Grammal': ex press ing purpose Write studen ts' findings from Exercise 2a on the board.. keep fi t. then as k them 10 use their imagination to w rite sentences. ond I do_ Sports T 82 Unit 8 .. kick. Aftcrwurds. followed by a clouse. II is not. and point o ut tho rules of uso and form. Point out the Clossary. to feel more prepared. who ha s read the some text." unci who is going to be "B. so thai you can use Ihem with force and accuracy . So (thaI) is 0. They hove to make sure they can answer the questions and explain difficult words to each other.. To. For Excn:ise l h . They are followed by on infinilive.. Then they discuss it with their portner. a nd B pairs read text B. Some people take up a martial art in order to enjoy themselves. A poirs read text A. force comes from hips .~----------------------~ For Exercise 4 on page 83 ::wi Sometimes irs scary walking home at night. . Be careful: so is used twice in the text with the meaning of consequently. T hen as k a few ind ividuals to read their sen tences aloud for the class. ~. throw twist self-defense confidence keep fit Ask How are these words related /0 martial artS? •• 1 Reading skills Ask stude nts 10 work in pai rs to do Exercise l a. Draw attention to the Languago Note .

walk toll. Is thot useful? Expert Yes. But. I'd just like to soy that irs not just women who are anocked at night. Play the audio again for Exercise sh and have students check the p hrases the police officer agrees with. After each line. you know. Deborah? Caller 1Oh. For Exercise 6b seat each group of six in a circle or around a table. Now we hove Allie on the line. otJ. knee. pause the recording. so I guess ~ wasnl too bad. like. just give it to him.. /0. you know. if he's attacked again? Expert If you get in a situation that you can't avoid. to feel more prepared. irs so unstressed in continuous spee<:h that it con barely be heard.. Words which ore commonly unstressed.. In Exercise 5c.. check that they understand that the leafl et is written for tourists. or put them on the class notice board. Host But what should someone like Jason do. and irs a good idea. Host We have another call. martial arts or seIf·defense courses can help your confidence. but I need to save money.no . Unit 8 T 83 Sports . You don" have to walk at night here . as is head). make sure you know enough of the language to . So the progrom today is asking: is there ony1hing women con do? To help us come up with some answers. Ti 6 Writing skills When students have done Exercise 6a . thaI isn't a good ideo. there has been on increase in anocks on women in the streets at night. ankle are important. I was attacked a few months ago . look ahead. I've heard that if you're allacked. thars true. but an onacker could use your weapon against you.if you have to walk the streets alone at night.. and other structure words ore often pronounced with the /3/ sound. H's sometimes bener to walk on the street rather __ than the sidewalk . I live in New York: and sometimes irs scary wolking home at night. Clues: in a place you don't know. sometimes just feeling sofer can help. so I took up karate to feel stronger. If that doesn't work. keep to well-lit streets where there are lots of people. Or if you harm someone. what happened? Caler 2 Well. if you call out "Helpr. Host Okay. After Exercise 6c. asking students 10 repeat.you can take a cob. it is. there's alilhe obvious advice. Police and women" s organizations soy the problem is getting worse. encourage students to take notes as they liston. the!. Give them an example (soccer: foot. people come out of their houses to see v. Host I understand that a lot more women are taking up martial arts these days. but our first advice would be not to put yourself in any s~uotion 'Nhere there might be danger. Karote may not really make me safer. staple the leaflets together to make a guide for vis itors. using the words in exercise 3b. shin.-hors happening. Expert Joson. as though you know where you're going. Well. with me today. You dorn want to look like a victim . Now we hove . you should shout au! "Fire!" as loud as you can. try running fi rst. you could be in trouble. but I started it in order 1 feel sofer. but if you coli aut "Firel". too. AI limes. but true . Then ask them to discuss some sports. I hove a police expert Martin Fowles. yes. Sod. Why go on the streets alone? Host We have a coller who'd like to soy something here. but he didn't harm me. Expert Hello. Host Ch. like prepositions. people may not want to get Involved. 0 Expert Yes. There's no point in risking your life for money. I wanted to ask about something I've heard.3 Vocabulary: parts of the body For Exercise 3e. and I do. Ask students to read through steps 1 to 4 carefully. not down. rve started to carry. (to. Is that true? Host Fire? Expert Yes. what would you like to '-Of' Caler 2 Hello. a weapon with me now . He took my wallet and my cellphone. Muggers tend to go for people who look nervous. ~ Allow students to check their answers in pairs before they listen to the audio for Exercise 4b to check. it 5 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise Sa once through and then check answers.if there isn't a lot of troffic. or1icles.I feel safer. Allie. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with l'dl pronundation gQuick The weak unstressed 13/ sound is the most common phoneme in English. Replay the audio. It is a good idea to hand out blank pieces of paper to make sure all the leaflets are the same size. Host Okay. So. Jason. Allow five minutes to discuss and make notes. Pass the guides around the class for other groups to read. divide students into groups of four. and the anacker wants money. Host What other basic advice would you gwe women wolking alone at night? Expert Well. The audiascript for Track 34 is on poge T82 ~ 35~-------------------------------------------------------Host Recently... I understand that you feel safer. hi. Sub-divide the groups and make sure each pair chooses a different situation. rve heard that. and took purposeful. Allie? Calef 3 Yes. Thank you. of course as you're in the open there. the guy threatened me with a knife. donl go down alle-ywoys or into badly·lit areas if you con help it. You see. It should not be necessary to pause the recording for them to write.

a Go through the Iwo texts in Exercise 1 and find six parts of the body. a window or anything 3 carry a whistle and blow it hard so people can hear it and come to your rescue.who might rcad it? Why? Do you agree with the advice? iJ!I 0 III Practical tips When you're in a place you don't know: 1 ensure you find out where lhe dangerous areas are and don't go there! ' c In groups. Compare your notes with a partner. 3 Decide what information. or from others in your city. 2 kick your attacker in the shin ..... hips... ~ b Listen and check your answers.-3 Vocabulary: parts of the body \. 1 What is the topic? allacks on women on the street at night. fo llow these steps.ll the information together. so I took up karate@fcel stronger. Then decide on the headings for your leafl et and put a. Check each other's content and language. but J need to save money. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with fa! a Read what this woman says about why she took up karate. Say the text to yourself and circle the words that become weak (unstressed). tat makes a lot of noise. If you think someone is going to attack you' 1 start running. In groups of six. . You don't have to walk at night hereyou can take a cab.. . to feel more prepared. discuss which parIs of the body are important in any sports Ihal you play. cameras.. muscles b Match the numbered parts orthe body with the words in the list... on public transportation. c Show your leaflet to your group .. hand . Does the police expert agree with these ways of protecti ng yourseJf? 1 Taking up a martial art 2 Keeping to well-lit areas at night 3 Carrying a weapon 4 Running away from an attacker ~ c Listen and make a note of all the advice that the police expert gives. ' 2 'tlttract attention by breaking a bottle. 1 Divide into pairs. cell phones.g. abdomen armpit elbow fool head hip shoulders toes wrist [jJ 0 [l [) !]j ~ Iill [j) ankle sh in fingers hand heel knee th igh waist ffi III III IJ[J IE) ~ 6 Writing skills a Read the extract below . you will use fro m the radio program and add information relevant to a local context. in parks. Example situations: on the street. 4 Write a list of practical tips for your situation. then repeat the lext 2 make sure you know enough of the language to ask for help. but I started it in order to feel safer. The first two are circled for you. Sports UnitS . and I do.. elbows Karate: hand16st.but make sure you hit the bony part. at cash machines. money.. Each pair takes a different answer these questions. Capoira: head. fect. 2 Think about attacks that may happen to visitors and the pur pose of the attack. Sometimes it's scary walking home@night.. Z Who is the program mainly aimed at? women ~ b Listen aga in. if any. Karate may not really make me safer. e.. If you can't run away: 1 shout for help as loudly as you can. jewelry. 5 Listening skills ~ a Listen 10 a phone-in program on the rad io and b Now write a leaflet advisi ng visi tors on security in your city. Do you agree with the advice? situat ion from the ones below.

Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to watch his daughter fight. discuss these questions about the pictures o n this page. Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 "-seconds.Not for girls? Sport or spectacle? 1 Reading skills a In groups. Which of the phrases below refer to Laila and which to Muhammad? Why is each one im portant in the context of the article? 1 the most fam ous sports fig ure on earth Muhammad 2 feisty and determined Laila 3 Parkinson 's disease Muhammad 4 the greatest Muhammad 5 a magne t for worldwide media a ttention Laila Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the fight as her father's fights once attracted. Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of debate and criticism." said one referee about her.". "She knows what she's doing. seemed to "-broadcast her father's support. ButLaila is a feisty and determined individual and it is that as much as her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention. plus his outspoken opposition to women's boxing. She knows she's going to get hit hard at times. all right.AIi . he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not "spared her the details of what can happen. Of course. You can see some of her dad's moves. laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent.AIi. t~.The ring announcer introduced him as the "The Greatest" and ar he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted "AIi. GLOSSARY feisty having a strong character swollen larger and rounder tha n usual spectade an impressive show (sometimes used to show disapproval of something ridiculous) .. "arrival on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. but at least she is prepared for it. Unfortunately. Ali's decision to start boxing despite her father's struggle with the symptoms 0 '.. That. Laila realizes that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see if she still wants to go forwar" with it. She prefers to make hr own name. however. made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to take up the sport. MuhammadAli is probably the most famous sports figure on earth. His presence at laila's first professional fight. '-- 1 Are you surprised at seeing wom en doing these sports? 2 Which one is the most surprising/shocking? Why? 3 Can you think of any sports that are more associated with women than men? What might be the reaso n? b Read the article about Laila Ali. that she may get a broken~ nose or a swollen face ."~ knows about moving well. The diagnosis of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism of the sport. the daughter of Muhammad Ali." "-laila Ali would rather not compare herself to her father. Since then.

women's' soccer is very popu lar. gymnastics.possibly because these are sports that most girls play at school. synchronized swimmingprobably because the sports are gracefu l and balletic. You may wish to check that students understand these words connected with boxing. Gabriela Sabatini . find out the degree to which your students agree or disagree with each other.Objectives Grammar Topic: women and sports Reading on Internet article verb + verb constructions (to + infinitive / -ing verb! Ustening an informal conversation Speaking a role-play Write the names of two or three famous sporlswomen on the board. In Exercise lb. (For example. In the U. Ask Whol sports do Ihese women ploy'! Whol qualifies and strengths do they have? What other female sports stars do you know? Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Ask students to work in groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l a . ask students to read the article and match phrases to the people..but choose women well-known to your studentsl. Serena Williams. Volleyball. Answers: Sports associated with women : ice-skating. Afterwards. to fight/to box a fight / a boxing match boxing ring'" place where boxers fight 01ringside". next 10 the boxing ring lake up boxing"" start doing the sport of boxing knock out on opponent ::= make him/her unconscious Vocabulary work Sports T 84 Unit8 . Mia Hamm. and tennis are often associated with women . field hockey.S . Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class.

hong on. give them a few minutes to prepare what they are going to say. or the -ing verb. Ask students to research the text. ~ ~ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. and I've been racing a few limes. let lhem check their answers in pairs. I'd prefer you to take up dancing or something like thaI. I think we need a serious conversafion oboul all this . Answers: For: iI's exciting Against: she should be studying for her exams. Irs my 18th birthday soon.in Exercise l c. and discuss the sentences. Once students have read their role card for Exercise 4b. Gift Exactly. 3 Listening skills in Exercise 3a. Father [from another room) Motorcycling? Mother Motorcycling? Girl Yeah. Answers: "his presence at Laila's first professional fi ght . Let them compare their answers with a partner.. Right now. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. I don'l en. trs excrting. motorcycling. building up a list for and against. I'm going motorcycling. soy "nowhere: Girl Okay. seemed to broadcast her fath er's support" "Lalla has won most of her fights .. then. Encourage students to read tho Useful Language box as they prepare their arguments. Elicit ideas from the class and write ospecially good ones on the board. ask students to read the statements carefully before researching the article to find phrases in the texl that support their answers. irs just that we think you should be studying for your exams. Mother And what do you think you're doing? Girl Nothing.. Father But you don't even have a motorcycle.". then give students three or four minutes to complete Ule rest of the text.with Joke. on his bike . Mother Now. Common problems ond errors Translating from the students' first language and overusing 10 + verb My parents don'llel me ~ oul/ole. have a brief class debate about boxing or any other sport in which women's participation is currently controversial . and I'd reolry like . I'm the best student in my class. Mother Wait a minute. isn't it? I didn't wont to tell you be<:ause you would have stopped me from doing it. Play the audio again.. it's expensive 4 Speaking skills Allow four or five minutes for studonts to do Exercise 4a. you con" use Joke's bike forever. nothing? Where are you going? And don'. Girl I can already dance. Girl I'm always studying. actually t wonted to talk to you about that. After students have comploted tho sentences in Exercise 2c. rd rather spend my free fime motorcycling. Mother And why didn't you tell us? Why did you hide it from us? Girl Well. . -~~-----------------------------------------------------. find examples. Mother Well. [n Exercise 2b. Pause the recording to give students time to note the arguments. 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructions Exercise 2a can be done in pairs. and complete the table. . Ask students to listen and check their answers.. Girl No .. Motorcycling? Racing? How long hos this been going on? Girl I started motorcycling . Unit 8 T 85 Sports .oy ~so hard. I'm using Joke's but he .. I'm in a race tonight. Mother What do you mean. also point out the Languago Note that discusses start. Father And isn't It expensive? t mean. and thars what I wont to talk to you obout. it 's dangerous. Mother But isn't It dangerous? trs just tholt'm worried. darling. thars obvious. thers why. Prepositions ore always followed by -ing. the simple verb. If you think we're going to buy you a matorcyde for your birthday ..about six months ago. " "the diagnosis of .. Parkinson's disease fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing" "hor fa mily history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle" "Muhammad Ali wanted to watch bis daughter fight " Following Exercise ld. elicit the answer to the first question from the class to get them started. Father Thafs not true. Quick grammar guide: verb+verb Students simply need to memorize whether verbs ore followed by to + verb..

suggesl Verb phrases like I'd rather. or something else? Can you think of other sports that provoke a similar debate? 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructi ons a Look at the categories on t. 3 When you nave reached a compromise and you know how you are going USEFUL LANGUAGE to resolve the situation. and her mother would prefer her 5 to take up dancing. Is boxing a sport. . She didn't want 2 to tell her parents because they would have stopped her from 3 doing it . prefer Verbs like slarl. They think that she should 4 study for her exams. change them so that they are. 2 Discuss the situation and try to reach a compromise. b In groups of three. then /'11 . Category Verbs like IVan I. If you agree to X. a spectacle. 2 I'd rather take part (take part) in sports than watch (watch) them.. from." a In pairs. 5 I would prefer to live (live) on my own than in an apartment with others. Emma would rather 6 spend her free time 7 motorcycling and she wants 8 to talk to her parents about 9 buying her a motorcycle for her 18th birthday./ LANGUAGE NOTE Slart can be followed by either an -ing verb or to + verh.he left of the table and find examples of these in the article. Check ( ~ ) the correct column in the table to show what follows them. decide. 3 There is a lot of controversy about both boxing itself and about women boxing. by.. 4 My parents wanted me to follow (follow) in their footsteps and do the same kind of work as them. Choose your role and read it on page 1413. d Look at the last sentence in the article. 2 Laila Airs boxing career is successful. Who I'd be really happy if you'd found the best solution? I see what you mean. Try not to get angry. 6 I'm afraid of being (be) without work. d In pairs. 4 Laila has a good relationship with her father. you are going to role play the conversation between Emma and her parents. but .. Listen again. Listen to the conversation and check your answers. e. Try to fill in the blanks. You will need to negotiate.ing verb . c Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. 3 I started learning (learn) English when I was five years old./ .. to + verb Simple verb . discuss the sentences. Then follow these steps: 1 Tell the others how you feel about the situation ./ . Are they true for you? If not./ . using some of the Useful Language phrases. 1 Muhammad Ali accepts his daughter's decision to become a boxer. I'd like you to . '- 3 Listening skills a Look at the picture then read this summary of a conversation between Emma and her parents. c Tell the other groups in the class about your solution to the problem. you'd betler Modal verbs and make/lei Prepositions. Find evidence to support these statements. 4 Speaking skills '- _. about b Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 88. Emma started 1 going motorcycling about six months ago.c Read the article again./ . Make a note of the arguments that Emma and her parents raise for and against her hobby. try to think of other arguments for and against a girl of 17 motorcycling. Sports Unit8 . stop talking. 1 I'm interested in watching (watch) boxing on TV.g.

5 The Olympics should be abo ut athletes compoting witil each other. 6 There is too much commercialism in the Olympics these days. The games should have nothing to do with politics. Nevertheless. We could be given an opportunity to imprOYe all kinds of services."7. I believe countries at war shOuld be banned from competing. Share your views with your group... we should leave it alone.) I believe there's nothing wrong with the Olympics as they are run today. the spirit of t(e ~ games is dead ... 2 Countries at war should stop fighting during the Olympic Games. or at least we should insist on a ceasefire. " "ClaSs athlete Unit 8 Sports .. something works.. Q As an athlete. "' The world is in Crisis.:::... The Games are a symbol of international cooperation and we have tl"" work with all nations to make them work. 7 The Olympics should be all about entertainment.. 8 The Olympics should be abandoned these days as they attract terrorists. 'Gl.. "'". they are beyond the responsibility of the Olympic committee. ' ideals of bringing peace and friendship. In spite of the ~ . the games had nothing to do with big business or with entertainment for its' \ own sake... Although there are problems. 1 Keeping politics out of the Olympic Games is essential.. excitement is the main '\ purpose of the 1..and the system of having the Olympics in a different country every four years is good because it increases interest..1 Wa rm up a In groups. 1 When were the last Olympic Games? Whero were they held? 2 What do lhe imagos on these pages tell you about the Olympic Games? 3 What arc tho main objectives of the Olympics? Are they usually achieved? b Read these statements about the Olympics and decide whether you agree with them or not... ~bA.. but providing ... As a small country. 4 Tho current system. 9 Bringing nations together in friendship should be the only aim of the Olympics. we should be given a chance to develop.." games" eommitte e . with wars and aggression all around.... I think the Olympics are an opportunity to prove ourselves on the world stage and to become better known.... " (l) \ . read the following quotes and decide which of the views in Exercise lb each speaker holds.. (They may hold more than one of the views. However. Breaking world records is important. with countries taking turns organizing the Olympics. despitE:... First . they should be a good show. we athletes . too. the Games are a media event: they are all about entertainment.':'--~"_ We are applying to host the games next time so that we can boost our economy and provide more jobs for our citizens.. were justly proud of our physical and mental fitness. In the old days.. 2 Task You ore going to debate the role of the Olympics (today and in the future).. the games exist to encourage the highest standards both on and off the field.they must be given back to Greece where they "" ' ~ began" .. Sadly.. our feelings towards countries we perceive as aggressors. is fairest. discuss the Olympic Games. The Games should be spectacular . ''V ioum<llist G _--------:-:----'-~ ~~. 3 The Olympics shouldn't only be held in rich countries. it is about competition and ~ making a living..~ medal viIOrd"'~: : In my opinion..

7 Co F5 G9 Sports T 86 Unit 8 . Afterwards. 4 81 . Answers: A 2. Ihe murder of 11 Israeli othletes by Palestinian terrorists ot the 1972 Munich Olympics. Give a short time limit. Ask students a few personalized questions to gellhem started. Beijing is hosl of the 2008 Olympics and the 2012 Olympics will be held in london. Block Power solutes by American athletes at Ihe 1968 Mexico City Olympics protesting segregation. II is his or her job 1 make sure thai everyone in Ihe group speaks and that no one speaks about one topic for 100 tong. 0 Organizing group discussions 2 Task Let students work in pairs to match quotes and views. elicit from one person per group a summary of the main points they discussed. for example: Introduce the topic Do you enjoy watching the Olympics? Which events do you walch and why? Is it important to you when somebody from your country wins a medal? Why? 1 War m up Divide students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions and statements in Exercises 1a and lb. The images on pages 86 and 87 show the Olympic flame. say four minutes. branding and advertising.7 E 4. Culture note Nominate a group leader to ask the questions and rea d the statements aloud for others 10 discuss.Objectives Grammar Topic: the Olympics Reading quotes Ustening Specking linkers expressing contrast and -ing verbs a committee discussion debating the role of the Olympics Write The Olympics on the boord. 4 D 3.

. osk students to design a poster to promote on Olympic bid from their city. ii ii Additlon. These reasons may be in shari. Sylvina? Athlete Well. we're concerned that some of Ihe highest-quality athleles have decided not to attend recently. We are in danger of losing sight of the main aim of the Olympics .just a sum 10 take pari. Adriano? Retired athlete Well. We're here to discuss Ihe future of the Olympics and to suggest some practical solutions for improving ~. The Olympics means a lot of time out 01 our schedules .not to win . Thanks for Ihot. elicit comments from the rest of the class . lfyaur students have problems hearing the expressions. After each. As athletes. After five minutes. Answers: lb shouldn'!. if athleles were paid. I think 01 the same time thatlhere is lar too much commercialization and focus on money.1 acIMty 6 Notice Read through the example and rules as a class. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. providing entertainment. . someone less directly involved. Put lhe posters on the classroom walls. J7~----------------------------------------------------RepresenkrIiv9 of International Olympic Committee Well. lers have a view from someone who isn'l an athlete. Give students four or five minutes to discuss the statement. T T1I 0 0 • •• • 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to stand up and deliver their group's proposal.Give each group a large sheet of poper to design their poster on.. Nominate one student in each group to write down arguments why. Yes. Let students check in pairs before discussing their notes as a class. we'd obviously have to 1001: Of how we could raise the money to do that. and so on.so I think we should be paid to compete . Ask students to listen and say who is speaking. write a slogan. and decide which role they wish to play. Play the audio again. be held. as Sylvino suggests. I tend to agree with Adriana. RepresentotiwI Right. my job is to make sure we maintain the highest standards both in athlefics and in the way the Olympics are run. Tell groups to decide on the wording of their proposal. it does benefit them . they have to design a logo. must be given. stop the discussion. and tell them to decide on who is going to read it aloud to the class . l leel rt would be a step in the wrong direction to pay the athletes. tn terms of the competitors. should be abandoned Z should be banned. lers just lake a show of honds_ Con you raise your hands if you think that athletes should be paid? Thank you. could be given. I think if we introduced payment to take pari. thanks. Ticket prices are already really high. I'd like an athlete to comment first on this. should be given 7 Follow up Divide the class into the same groups as in exerc ise 3.it increases their public prolile and competing for your country can make you inlo a national hero. so lers start. When I won my gold medal thirty years ago. That would also mean that athletes who don't make a lot of money would be able to come. Tell students that they have five minutes to discuss. we have to train harder and harder and so many of us are getting injured.it was all about showing the high physicol and mental standards that human oongs could reach. as a representalive of the International Olympics Committee. then ask students to find other examples from the lesson. Representative Thanks very much for your view. Tell students to list at least five arguments they wish to make. I think there should be a reasonable financial reward for athletes and the work they do. Yes? Journalist Okay. Even Ihough athletes give up a lot 01 time to compete in the Olympics. We hove severol items on the agenda. On the poster. Rrst. RepresentotiwI Okay. Make sure that each student in the group chooses a different role. !hars . and five reasons why their city should get the Games.time when we're not earning any money . Unit 8 T 87 Sports . thank you all for coming. you could play the same audio a third time. bulleted note form. it was very different . allhough I do agree with Sylvina thai we athletes are overworked and underpaid.3 Prepare Divide students into groups. Before we move on to the next topic. Remind them that they have to agree on a proposal. Then give them a minute or two to decide which statement they wish to discuss. Ilhink we'd lose pari of thaI. Ask that student to summarize their group's ideas for the class at the end. pausing as needed . In groups.to help bring peace among nations. irs gelling tougher for us all the time. pushing yourself. But my main point is thaI the Gomes ore all about competing.

etc.. decide whether you agree or disagree with the statemen t below. B. we lIove come to the fol/oll'ing conclusions. 4 There should be no commercialism associated with tho Games . b Make notes on the arguments you will present to the other memhors of the committee.4 below about the future of the Olympics. We have discussed the statement . after some cOll sidcmtion. 2 The Olympics should always be held in the wealthiest countries as poorer cou ntries find it very difficult to raise the money to host them. etc.. 4 How do they fi nish their speech in each case? I think there should be . . we often usc the passive voice with a modal verb: 1 to avoid making tho dobato too personal. and 5 Compare @ a Listen to a committee discussing one of the statements in Exercise 3.c to have a shorl debate. no merchandising. Did most of the groups agree or disagree? Our COlllltry should be chosen 10 hosltlle Olympics in the near futuro. LeI's have a view from someone who . Then share your ideas with the class." 3 How do the second and th ird speakers start their speeches'! Well . .. then follow the steps a .]. and wilh good human rights records. Spons UnitS . Let the wealthy countries pay for the Games! 3 Athletes should he paid to enter the Games. 7 Follow up In groups. / 1 feel it would be . [Read the statemen t you cbose. 3 when we don't know who takes responsibility for an Ilction. When we are debating or having a discussion. . First. C. c Discuss tho issuo with the olher members of lhe commillec.no adverti sing.. 00 you agree with thei r proposals? Why? I Why not? Itllink we should be paid to compete.3 Prepare In groups of four or five. a Form a commilloo 10 discuss the statement: each student chooses II different role from Exorcise 2: athlete. 2 10 avoid accepting responsibility for everything we say. Form a proposa l about the statement .. 2 How doos he soloct the speakers? I'd li ke an athlete 10 comment 6 rsl on this. F ~ b Listen aga in and mako notes on the following. Find other exa mples of tho modal passive in lhis lesson in Exercise lb Il nd Exorcise 2. s How does the chairperson ask for opinions at the end? let's just ta ke a s how of ha nds.. peaceful. Liston to tho other groups and make notes. Start like this: Ladies and gelltlemen. 1 Tho Games sho uld be restricted to countries that are democracies.. 1 How does tho chairperso n introd uce the topic for discussion'! We're here to discuss . choose one orthe statements 1 ." 6 Notice Look at this example from the debate: 4 Feedback Report back to tho rest of tho class on you r proposa ls. Which one? Which oflhe speakers from tho quotes in Exercise 2 do you hear? A. Use tho (Iuot es and tho statements in Exercises 1 and 2 for ideas. TV producer. then all the best ath lot es would enter..

3 Hobbies / Free time: I'm interested in . forget the party. 5 Going out: I enjoy. do the lOng·jump do the high jump sprint dive lift weights throw the javelin The connectors in order to and so as to are more formal lhan to + infinitive or so that + clause. They made me clean the whole hOuse every day. It's amazing how clever she is. 1 Do you play / Have you ever played any of these sports? 2 If not. We can also use verb • to after some verbs of liking: Karl likes to go dancing on Friday evenings. We often use them in this position when we want 10 emphasize them. 2 Expressing purpose We can express purpose with connectors that are followed by an infinitive or by a subordinate clause. Complete these sentence stems about yourself. 7 Making myself better: I should . I've started to learn I learning Japanese. Where Philip goes every evening remains a mystery to me. which would you like to try and why? 3 Which of the above sports. The noun clause can also be a subject and come at the beginning of the sentence. sboul elbow We prefer to watch movies at the movie theater. to in order 10 The government has increased wages in Ofder to gain popularity before Vocabulary Summary 1 Sports: track and field so as to sa (Ihal) the election. often verbs thaI involve wants and desires: 2 Parts of the body Labet the parts Of the body using the words in the box.m Sport swimming the long jump the high jump sprinting diving weightlifting the javelin p"""". It also folows a number of verbs.ide armpit elbow fingers foot hand head "hand abdome. verb This form lolows a number of verbs.. It also follows the phrase I'd rather (without an object). ---waist wrist """""'" ". and make and let: We should pay our phone bill as soon as poSsible. Some verbs can be followed by either the -ing verb or vert) + to: Gary hates to meet I meeting new people. and preposiHons can also be followed by verbs. Connector Followed by infinitive Example We went out for dnner to celebrate Mary's birthday. 4 A big change: When I started . I'm calling you now so (that) you don'. if any. 1 Work I want .Grammar Summary 1 Noun clauses (beginning with a question word) A noun clause can be the oOject of a sentence: I don't know what he is doing. do you find boring. -ing verb This form follows prepositions: You can team a lOt from looking at people's garbage. and why? to. Ve'" "". Use a verb form in each one. What we need is more government support for our enterprises. 2 A big decision: When I decided .. I'd rather watch auto racing on 7V than go to the track. swimmer long jumper high jumper sprinter CIa"se I got up early so (thai) I wouldn't miss the plane. bead I want to spend our vacation in Florida this year. We reaJ/y can't rtgure out why Susanna left Michael. I don't en. 6 My pet peeve: I hate. Simple verb This form follows !T"IOdal verbs. including most verbs of liking: Jason suggested joining the sports club in the center. How you live your fife is none of my business. 3 Verb + verb constructions Many verbs in English can be followed by other verbs. waist heel hip knee shin shoulders \ fingers ~ wrist I liugh ankle Unil8 5po<ts . These verbs take a number of forms: dNe< wejghtlifter javelin thrower Answer these questions. II is possible to make so as to negative by putting not before to: The po/ice put the witness in a safe hOuse so as not to expose him to danger. Compare your sentences with a partner. She confessed her crime so as to get a lighter sentence.oy going under the water when I'm swimming.

Comment on these areas. spelling. idioms. WIth number 1 as the most popular. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy. So popular in fact.. the sport is also very popular with women. brainstorm and make notes on the three most popular team sports in your country. Nevertheless.S. The report is The most popular team sports in my country. Q( phrasal verbs you looked up in your dictionary and 'Nhat information you 3: ~ ::. You are going to write a report foc a Web site about sports in your country. there are ten Women's National Basketball Association teams (WNBA) in the U. exchange your work with your partner. Sports UnilS . Tickets to baseball games tend to be much cheaper and easier to get than those for football and basketball games. that National Basketball Association (NBA) games in many cities are sold out in advance. You can eithef use your notes to write about the third most popular sport in your country or you can write about anothef team sport in your country.(!) Z I Q: A short report 1 Thinking about the topic of your report a Work in small groups. too. 1 Which are the mast popular sports in your rn REVIEW Review your action plan: using your dictionary In pairs. 3 Writing a brief report a In small groups. discuss lhese questions. Before you start. PlAN [> Your action plan: writing a short report Write a short report. b The reports all deal with the same topics: fans. Use the key 9 o > ideas in Exercise 2 to help you. Try to help your partner by making suggestiofls to improve the writing. collocations. For those who cannot make it to their team's stadium.J L. it is often difficult to get tickets for National Football l eague (NFL) games as they are generally sold out before the season begi ns. Can you find any patterns in the order of these topics in the reports? c Read the reports again and unde!1ine any words or phrases that may help you write your report on sports in your country. and in English you do say "8 black eye". are the punctuatiofl. talk about your action plan for Unit 7. decide how to order the information and write a draft of the two most popular sports. L.? Put these sports in order. I thought "8Jack Isn '/ right! We don't say that' So J chOCked it out in the dictionary. b In pairs.S.J Basketball Football Baseball 2 Analyzing three short reports a Read the three brief reports and check your answers to Exercise 1b.) country? 2 Which people like these sports? learned about them.J. Fans usually tend to be male. c Take one sport each and write a short report about It. so it may be difficult to get tickets. baseball is regularly shown on TV. and grarrvnar correct? e Make final corrections to your reports and then read them to each other in small groups. Fans are attracted from all walks of life and as is the case with both baseball and football. Baseball is the second most popular sport in the USA and as is the case with football. Many people follow their favorite NBA team by watching their games on TV. the majority of fans are men. Games are usually played on Sunday afternoons and if spectators don't go to the game at the stadium.J. ~ 3 When are the games played? 4 VVIlefe do people watch the games? b D::> you know the most popular team sports in the U. games take place on weekday evenings or afternoons between earl y spring and late fall. I came across "to give someone a black eye" when J was reading. they watch live or recorded games in a local bar or at a friend's house. is the language oorrectly used? For example. Basketball games are also extremely popular in the U. popularity. d tn pairs.. Unlike football. Teams in Major league Baseba ll (M l B) play 81 games in an average season. fans are predominantly men although so me women are also passionate about the sport. and where they are watched. compare the language you have underlined. Due to its popUlarity. when the games are played. tickets.S. The basketball season is much shorter than baseball's with NBA teams playing 41 games in a normal season. d When you have finished. Interesting! Q. However. Are the reports good enough to go up on a Web site? There is no doubt that football is the most popular sport in the United States. Nole: you win need to Show your fv"laI written report to your classmates at the end of \JrIit 9. Tell yout: partner which words.

In pairs. 'Pu. ~ " 8 'll..ded wr."""". did " :J li ~ ~. >Wi . cosmetics. " Z JIlL ~ ~ when.. who are Ian.s ~'if' Mis. 2 Listening skills a You are going to listen to part of a presentation about the media and personal image.)f people m. did pmiud. and diet products? Is this average for your country? 4 Do you pay attention to the images of beauty presonted in the media? Brain and beauty .Ypo$ cf . try to complete the presenter's notes using the numbers in the box...1 Speaking skills ~ b Now listen and chock your answers. ef! anorexIa Suney ct!n.. 7 $2.dJA.. US.easun. giving reasons for your choice. c!Mes " accessme.>UY>ey. ~ c Li ston again and complete the rest orthe noles. to analyze the effects of women's media on tho health of the fema le population f<. Ik-nl< tky hme ~ f"ck " 1 .000 . I:xttwrt Q)1. fey -aomen's ~ when Ye(J1iJ:nfj?n0fJ5' the way women are pNl!lcnted as perfecl in these magazines ~ cf kauI:y m 'I?Ie.s ..dut:wo men who have perfect skin and beautifuJ Dowing hair. discuss these questions.on. and who are very slim I 5 15 15 44 80 50 90 8.on.5 """9' " 3 ... ?>U>n. Which of tho images of beauty on this page do you find tho mostllcasl beautiful? In pairs. ~ ~ hme IR= on.. Ie 5a<d.fMds 10 heaDh p.I:h I !L1ill9 '"It"OmE?1-. 1 Do children and adults have ··weight problems" in your count ry? 2 If so. Mgs! d In pairs.~ 1M mu.JA~ Ji'omen. compare your ideas .!l. (are) ovcnvcighl • 6 'M Uton.!!2..o!/urns. what are the main reasons for this? 3 How much do YOlL spend on clothes. Uton.5lL ~ pp.

and as many as 80% go on a diet at some time during their childhood. covering a sample of eight thousand women. the next aspect we looked at was . Ask Which of these things are important to you? How much lime and money do you spend on these things? Do you think we worry about how we look 1 much? 00 Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to briefly discuss the pictures in pairs. ~ ~ ~ H. hairstyles. the first ideal women are given in magazines. which. in the cose of teenage girls in particular. beauty treatments. age.. In fact. and who are very slim. who are ton. Afterwards. Play the audio for Exercise l b.S.) Write on the board: fashionable clothes. Compare that with the amount women spend on cosmetics .S. which explains the amount thaI women in the U.a staggering $44 billion. Afterwards. We wonted to analyze the effects of women's media on the health of the female population. This points to a severe dissatisfaction with their image.tend to feel depressed when they read women's magazines. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise ld .eolog Diego Institute of Health.women who have perfect skin and beautiful flowing hair. 01. Then ask a few questions to fOCllS students on the task.55 billion. which the average woman connot hope to imitate. and perhaps most dramatic. play the audio again. Dr Cameron Thank you. who is presenting the findings of her recent research into the link between the media and women's health in the United States. The reason for this is the way women are presented as perfect in these magazines. Cameron. "eo.. elicit from the class how important culture. spend on diet products each year . My team conducted a survey over two years. They do spend more on clothes and accessories . I. 15% of children suffer from anorexia. Let students check their answers in pairs. and fashion are to our ideals of "beauty. Our first. Ask students to listen and check their answers.in the region of 515 billion.90% . Ask students to listen and complete the notes. Cam.many children see themselves as too fat. and much of that stems from comparison with media images.o "0m Ih' Sao Brain and beauty T 90 Unit 9 . Of course. finding was that a huge proportion of women . or their parents see them as too fat . are overweight The problem of weight and image is not confined to adults . Ask Do you think the media help women have a positive image of themselves? Do you think women spend a little or a Jot? Ask students to guess the answers in pairs." 0" 'p""" Ihl' ". Dr. find out how many students are very concerned about image. which is still a lot less than they spend on Irying to get thin. " •• 2 Listeni ng skills Read through the notes in Exercise 2a as a class. on TV. is that of physical beauty . Of course.we'll look at perfection in other spheres of life later in the presentation . in the movies. This constan t comparison of oneself with on unattainable image can lead to obsession. keeping fit. about 50% of all adults in the United States believe that they have a weight problem. For Exercise l e .Objectives T opic: images of beauty and health Vocabulary Reading a radio presenter's Grammar non-defining relative clauses your image and health Usfening a presentation notes Speoking discussing beauty and how it is maintained '--. Now. can lead to terrible health problems: by the time they reach adolescence. it has to be said that many people in the U. cosmetics.

say. Ask studenls 10 complete Exercise 4d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. who. •• 4 Grammar: re lative clauses Have students road the examples in Exercise 4a and discuss the questions in pairs. and 10 check. For example: Which of lhese products do you use? How ohen do you use them? How much do you spend on /his product each month? Ask students to walk round the closs and interview as many people as possible in. check their meanings in the Vocabulary Summary on page 98.. In Exercise 4b. answer the questions. They usually begin with the relative pronoun. syllable stress and proounciolioo. Divide students into groups of four or fivc to discuss the questions in Exercise 3e. 5 Speaking ski lls Ask students to look at the pictures. Answers will vary. Cameron is a researcher wAAA has corried oul a survey. Common probkNns ond errors Repeating the subject pronoun after the word who or which: Young women are people who IRey may become anorexic. and then olicit the vocabulary from tho class. eight minutes. use check. You could do exercise Sb as a doss survey. and check their answers in the Grammar Summary on page 98. Ask students to discuss their finding in pairs and then report them to the class. and decide which ones arc not related to beauty. or that. Suggested answers: 1 perfume 2 hair dye 3 razor/shaving foam 4 5 6 7 8 aftershave fake Ian bair conditioner make-upllipstick tattoo --Unit 9 T 91 Pair up students to discuss the questions. For example: Which word means you ore 100 fof? Which word means you hove no hair? Which word describes spots on your face? Cheddng pronundaIion Read these words out aloud.•• 3 Vocabulary: your image and health In Exercise 3a. which. Brain and beauty . depression indigestion obesity anemia anorexia boldness fatigue ocne eczema Ask students to do Exercise 3b in pairs. ask students to work in pairs to compare the sentences. and ask students to repeat. Checking . Quick 9' Oi III"nOI" guide Relative douses lalso called adjective douses) give more information about a noun in the main clause. pair up students to read tho problems. questions to see how well students hove understood the new vocabulary. Then elicit answers from tho whole class. Confusion between who and which in relative douses: Dr. Ask students in pairs to think of fIVe or six questions to ask about the products.aning Afterwords.

The table lists some possible health problems. 1 b Complete the table with these adjectives and noun phrases.. zb Women's magaZines that promote the perfect image are part of the problem.s ef eles]'>IIH lack of iron in your body loss of energy loss of hair nauseated a skin disorder tired (all the time) c In groups. acid in the stomach anorexic dopressed an eating disorde r bald overweight pimply eating for the wTOllg reasons faint/dizzy fedint. makes you want to stop eatin!\. 5 Speaking skills a The pictures show ways in which people try to make themselves more attractive. 1 What does each picture show? How do the USEFUL LANGUAGE They/You could / should / ought 10 . 2a Which sentence in each pair describes a particular group ofgirls/magazines? lb. Nutritionists. 2b Which describes all girls/magazines? la. Za Women's magazines. products/changes make people more attractive? 2 Are they effective'! Which are most effective? 3 Do you use/do any? Which olle(s)? 3 4 Grammar: relati ve clauses a Read the examp les from the presentation and answer the questions. a The sections in italic are non-defining relative clauses. . Freckles. w ho are experts in food and eaLing problems. are small brown spots. which c Where does the comma come in the sentence? comma comes before the pronoun 5 4~ b Discuss your ideas in class. Do the sentences make sense if we remove these parts? yes b Which relative pronouns are used in the examples? who. ? It might be an idea to . Arc any of these problems not related to b~auty or image? Problem depression obesity a norexia ba. 1 2 tired (aUthe time) loss of energy a skin disorder acid in the stomach lack of iron in your body 3 Which one in each pair contains a nondefining relative clause? la . which fall onto dothing around the shoulders. who is presenting the findings of her recent research Z They do spend more on clothes and accessories . In pairs. Anorexia. shouldn't read these magazines. which often affects young girls. la Young girls. can help with some disorders.. l Our speaker this evening is Dr. 2a Can we replace the relative pronoun with thol in defining or non-defining relatives? definin g acne/eczem a pimply indigestion a nemia nausea ted faint/dizzy c Check your answers with the Crammar Summary on page 98. d Add commas where necessary to the fo llowing definitions. are part of the problem. which appear on the skin of both males and females . Is there anything in the pictures that no one would do/use? Brain and beoufy Unil9 . answer the questions. which is slill a lot less than they spend on trying to get thin. Elena Cameron from the San Diego Institute of Health. lb Young girls who feel unhappy with their image shouldn't read these magazines. 1 Which of the problems do people in your 2 3 4 5 6 country worry about most? Z Do you know anyone who suffers from any of these problems? 3 What can people do about them? Use the Useful Language to think of some advice. A hangover is a feeling whicht"~3tl get the day after you drank too mllch alcohol. who often feel unhappy with their image. which promote the perfect image. Change the relative pronoun to that where possible. discuss these questions. .ldness fatigue You are/fe el depressed overweight anorexic ba ld Yo u suffer from feelings of despair eating for the wrong reasons an eating disorder loss of hair b Compare these two pairs of sentences.in Ule region of $15 billion. . The freckles which~~h get on your face are usually com pletely harmless. Why don't they/you try . Dandruff is flakes of dry skin in your hair..3 Vocabulary: your image and health a An obsession with beauty is often a risk to one's health.

those of logical. Questions 2 and 3. 1 Speaking skills a An "LQ. However.1. linguistic. hand d fingers 2 Find the picture below that fits best in the empty square. 2 Reading skills a Read the article quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1b. 110 . b Work in groups. testing today are probably in recruitment of employees and in school testing. Why? • • 1 1 1 Today. 115. 9S € 05.Q.Q. numerical ability. (The answers are on page 149. 1 1 1 1 1 The man is very short and can't reach the button (or the 10th Door. i. He devised them to test a person's cognitive abilities. 957 a 105. tests have had a long and varied history. other types of intelligence. When he comes home from 5 k he gets into the elevator and goe :O~d the 6th floor then he gets ou~ and :alkS to the 10th floor. 100 d 80. tests) but few people know much about them. lOa. such as musical or artistic talent.0. l. but adds to those. mainly to identify schoolchild ren who might benefit from extra help." test is a kind of intelligence test consisting of problems or puzzles that you have to solve.e. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence has received a lot of interest. regardless of their level of intelligence. Take the mini test below. ~ .Q. The tests were grad ually applied more generally and came to be seen as a way of measuring average intelligence relative to other people in the same age group. Clearly.0. Write the kind of puzzles by each one. He does thiS every day. The first tests were invented by Frenchman Alfred Binet. 1 1 1 1 1 c 3 Which are the next two numbers in this sequence: 120. and spatial awareness. which brought accusations of racism. In fact. by the seco nd half of the 20th century.) 1 Which test did you find easiest I most difficult? 2 What do you think each puzzle is testing? 3 Do you think that the puzzles are more difficult for you than for a native speaker of English? What does this tell you about LQ. and the way it understands things spatial related to the size. The main uses of 1. l. 110. This accepts the traditional ideas of intelligence.Q. Compare your answers to the puzzles and discuss the questions. On hiS way to work in the morning. tests are considered quite limited in the type of intelligence they measure and they are not generally used so much. etc. tests? 4 Have you ever taken an LQ. which is appropriate as this was the use for which it was originally devised. tests consist of problems assessing an individual's verbal abilities. many people are against such tests because they believe they discriminate against people who learn in different ways from those demanded by the test. a toes b head . empathize (wi lli) understand how someone else feels Unh9 Brain and beauty . Most I.0. shape. and position of things discriminate (against) treat someone unfairly because of race. tests usually have different sections to measure different abilities. In recent years. religion. tests were being used to support theories that some races were genetically more or less intelligent than others. tests have also been criticized for being too restrictive and not taking into account other abilities.0. a b Most people have heard of intelligence quotient tests (I. test? When? For what reason? GLOSSARY cognitive related to the brain. and spatial awareness. logical reasoning. 1 Shoe is to foot a 'ove to: ( . the first two are highly dependent on the language of the person taking the test: non-native speakers are likely to score lower in linguistic tests than native speakers. 1. and the tests were discred ited. How quickly can you figure out the answer? A man lives on the' Oth f~oor of an apartment building . he gets into the elevator on the lOth floor and goes down to the 1st floor. 105. In addition. such as being able to understand and empathize with other people. 1.0. I. while the second two types can be completed by anyone. 90 4 Read the puzzle.

Objectives Topic: intelligence (I. 4-<. 2: spatial awareness. lest 1 Speaking skills Tell students that they have five minutes to take the mini I. There are a number of synonyms in the text. an La. You may wish to check these words by writing them on the boord in two lists and asking students to match them. I. 2 Reading skills Draw students' attention to the Glossary.Q. After five minutes. Pul students in groups of four or five to discllss the questions in Exercise lb. Limit the time to five minutes. 4: logical reasoning 3 Yes .highly dependent on the language of the person. Ask them to read the text and do the task in Exercise Za. Answers: 2 Puzzle 1 is testing verbal abilities. Brain and beauty T 92 Unit 9 . 3-0. and then let students check their answers to questions 2 and 3 with a partner before sharing them with the class. and then let them check their answers on page 149 orlhe Student's Book. Q) Reading Writing topic and supporting sentences Grammar non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers Speaking an Internet article.lesls are limited in what they test. tell the class to stop. 5-b.Q. b restrictive assess d devised e applied Answers: l-d.0. test in Exercise la . 2-e. T •• &:'l Vocabulary work A 1 invented 2 used 3 help 4 measure 5 limited B 0 benefit . test taking and discussing an 1. 3: numerical ability.

(They should then underline the first sentence of each paragraph .. In exercise 4d. Unil 9 T 93 Brain and beauty . Ihey could brainstorm: successful make money work hard get promo/ion be rich Brainstorming these words should help them with ideas for what they could include in the rest of Ihe paragraph. A topic sentence is generally the first sentence of a paragraph. Answers: the use of I. .. (line 26) . Give students a minute to read through the sample paragraph in Exercise 4c. Let students check their answers in pairs after they have completed the exercise.. Or have students post their answers on the wall. They wero devised as a way of identifying children who needed extra help in schools. By reading the topic sentence. Prepare students to do Exerc ise 4b by doing the first as an example. 4 True. Afterwards. Go around monitoring. Answers: . Cive students five to ten minutes to write their paragraphs.) Point out the Language Note on page 93. Let students check answers with a partner before discussing them as a class . In Exercise 4d . encoumging/pressure. 4 Writ ing skills: topi c senten ces Ask students to match paragraphs and topics in Exercise 43. which brought . t . taking notes on which topic sentences best fit the supporting sentences. 2 False. They are used in recruitment of employees and schoollesting. who might benefit . For example.... NOll-native speakers are likely to score lower. Presentation alternative Once students have chosen their topic sentence. They should expect to see some key words repeated.Ask students to read the sentences in Exercise 2b carefully and decide whether they are true or fal se. (l ine 5) . tell them to prepare carefully before writing by brainstorming words or phrases tho! would naturally follow from the topic sentence. which is the mason why other types of learners do badly.) Let them check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. and point out its structure (location of topic and supporting sentences). Ask students to predict which words they expect to see in a supporting sentence. . in the first set of sentences. helping with ideas and vocabulary. appearance/attractive. which is appropriate (linn 33) defining non-defining defin ing non-defining - Ask students to work in pairs to find answers to the questions in Exercise 3h. tests to support racist theories its main uses in recruiting and school testing Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 3c with a partner before disclJssing them as a class. . Clauses a and b comment on the whole sentence.. LA Topic sentences Let students compare answers in pairs before eliciting some good examples from the class and writing them on the board. for example . Answers: 1 False.. 3 False. Ask students to choose and write down a topic sentence from exercise 3d. it is usually possible to guess the general content of the whole paragraph. if a student chooses 6 There is more pressure on men /0 succeed and make money . consider pulling students in smoll groups to do the task. .. elicit from the class the reason(s) topic sentences are important. Ask them to research the text to find reasons for why some sentences are nol true.... (line 11) . and allow students a few minutes 10 circulate around the room. The tests were discredited because they were being used to support racist theories.. 3 Grammar: non-defining relat ive clauses as sentence modifiers Ask students to do Exercise 38 individuall y and th en check the answers in pairs before going through them wi lh the whole class.. Set up Exercise 3d by doing the first one as an example: Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners.. who learn . (They give the main idea of the paragraph. ask individuals to stand up and read their paragraphs aloud (without the topiC sentences) for students to guess.Q. and they should expect to see similar words. 5 False.

Decide which one. which means that the majorit y of a d verti sing for cosmetics an d other beauty produc ts is aim ed at wom en . T he m edia is full of a d vertisemen ts encouragin g wom e n to s pe n d more o n the ir a p pearance. 3 All I. 3 Some parents do not have many books in the house .hencA'"m(1:n.e. the result of a ll th is pres sure can be count erproductive . 5 The theory of multiple intelligence is less restrictive than the theory behind I. It is usually followed by one or more supporting sentences.. exams usua lly have strict time limits. .Q. they will always give the same score for people of the same intelligence level.dvertisemcnts encouraging women 0 spend more on their appearance.Q. 4 Writing skills: topic sentences a Look at the article in Ex ~rcise 2.. G I.. beautiful supe rm odels in these seems to im ply that the average woman can look like a su perm o d el if s he buys these prod ucts. or which explains why . we are going 10 try the fo llowing puzzles.Q.Q. b which was a frightening thought! c which will also test your knowledge of English! d Complete these statements with a non-defining relative clause starting which is the rooson why . 4 relative pronouns who and w/!ich. It often (but not always) comes at the beginning of the paragraph. Paragraph 1 the use (If I.. x 3 Grammar: non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers a Look at the article again and find oxamples of the sentences.. Answer the Iwo questions below by findi ng the two non-defining clauses in the article. testing today? c Match sen tences 1 .b Only one of the sentences below is true. 2 Intelligence depends as much on the environment as on your genes . Do they introduce defining or non-defini ng relative clauses? b We can use non-defining relative clauses to comment on a whole sentence... t I.. Match three of them with these supporting sentences. 1 Whal brought accusations of racism to I.. There is more pressu re on women to be attractive tha n on men. . Can they guess which topic sentence you are writing about? Broin and beauty Unil9 .. tests b The sentences in Exerche 3d arc ali lopic no. 6 There is more pressure on men to succeed and make money than on women . . b Z The man was very short. attractive. sUlllJOrting sentences t:oncJuslon d Read your paragraph aloud to your partner but don't read the topic sentence. Which relative clauses comment on the whole of the previous sentence? 1 The explorer was in danger of being eaten by wild animals. tests were invented in France... 1 The media is full of <. which can actu ally make the m less. 4 They say tall people do better in li fe.Q. tests are racist. . lests are hardly used today. i. 5 There is more pressure on women to be attractive than on men. they !Jui 11e wel'e mw-n1ed Ity ~.. and find the phrases in the article that tell you the others are false or that we don't know they're true. then underline the topic sentence in each paragraph. Match the paragraphs with the topics. 1 Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners . dmit knhw Z They were devised as a way of putting less intelligent children into difforent schools. tests today Paragraph 2 types of lests Paragraph 3 the histc ry of I. tests? 2 What is appropriate about I. 5 Z For example. However. tests. which suits the more competitive kind of person... 4 The tosts are very reliable. a 3 So.. 1 3 We need to understand what it is about height that can give people a head start..Q. not m o re . c a which was why he couldn't reach the last button. with one or two sup porting sentences. just for fun..3 with the appropriate nondefining clause a-c.Q . c Read the sample paragraph. Then choose one of the other topic sentences from Exercise 3d and write a short paragrap h.Q. LANGUAGE NOTE A topic sentence gives the main idea of a paragraph..w om en become worrie d and stressed abo u t their appearance. Then compare your answers with a partner. a . The use of young.

The secret of life

1 Reading skills
a LoO,k at the pictu res. How old are the people? Which one looks healthier? Why? b The average li fe expectancy has increased a lot in the last hundred years. Discuss the answers to these questions: then read the report and check. 1 What is the life expectancy in the United States now? Men 74, Women 80 2 Why has lifo expectancy increased in the last hundred years? Infectious diseases - less deadly. general environment cleaner, eat better c Underline the important words and ideas in the repo rt and write a brief summary of each paragraph. Then compare your summaries with a partner.

'P~ 1 ieIl.s u.s Ik tie ~n.C1J 100 lP"" ago and Way, and ...

Life expectancy in the last hundred years: changes and reasons for change
A hundred years pgo. liG. expectancy in developed countries was about :lL in the early 21st century. men in the United States and the United Kingdom can expect to live to about 'Ii. VlQIDm to about aQ. and these ages are rising all the time. \Vhat has brought about these changes? \Vhen we look at the life span of people 100 years ago, we need to look at the greatest killers of the time. In the early 20th century, thcse were the acute and often highly infectious diseas~ such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and smallpox. Many children died very young from these diseases and others, and the weak and elderly were always at risk. health has improved with improvements in our general environment: cleaner air, better means of preserving food, better and warmer housing, and better In the developed world understanding of nutrition. these diseases are far ~ deadly today, and in some Q enetically, we should all cases have almost be able to live to about R2. disappeared. A number of but while people do live factors have led to this: longer today, there arc still improvements in sanitation some big killers around and hygiene, the discovery that are preventing us from and use of ~nribiotics, which consistently reaching that make bacterial diseases age. The problems that much less dangerous, and affect people today are the vaccinations against marc chronic illnesscs, common diseases. In such as heart disease and addition, people's general strokes, and those spread by viruses, such influenza and AIDS. Of course, cancer is a huge killer as well. In most cases these diseases affect older people, but there are worrying trends in the developed world with problems such as obesity leading to more heart disease and illnesses such as diabetes at younger ages.


The killers today can be "lifestyle classed diseases", which means that it may be possible to halt their progress.


BraIn and beouty


Topic: life expectancy
Vocabulary Pronunciation intonolion in

Reading a newspaper article

lag questions

health and disease

question lags

Ustening a radio discussion

discussing ways of improving life expectancy

Write on the boord: food




Irrtroduce the topic

Ask In whol ways have changes in these areas improved our health and fife expectancy? tel students discuss the question briefly in poirs, and then have a whole-dass discussion.

1 Reading skills
Ask studen ts to lell you about the pictures in Exercise la. Possible answers: The woman in the large picture appears to be in her sixties or seventies. and looks much healthier than the oUler woman. Tho h ealth ier woman clearly keeps fit (cycling) and has a healthy lifestylo. Tho other womBn drinks alcohol.

Put studonts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise l b, Encourage them to think ofthree or four reasons for the answer to question 2 before readi ng the text, Help students prepare their summaries by underlining the first two or three important words and ideas as a class, Then ask students to underline other ideas, before chocki ng with a partner, Briefl y elicit answers from the class to make sure students have underlined more or less the same things, then ask students to write their summaries fo llowing the example in Exe rcise l c, Stress the importance of students' using their own words to summarize an article, explaining the main ideas they have understood from reading it. Model summary:
100 years ago life expectancy was on ly 47, whereas today it is 74 fo r men and 80 for women. The shorter life expectancy in the past was a result of killer

infectious diseases, Infectious diseases are less dead ly today because of better sanitation, antibiotics, and vaccinations and because we have im proved general health a nd a cleaner environment. Genetically, we should all reach 85, but we don't because of chronic diseases lile heart attacks and lifestyle trends like obesity, The killers today are "lifestyle diseases," which we have some influence over,


For Exercise 3b on page 95 :III Host Welcome to this week's Science Now. Today we
discuss the question: what makes people live longer? There is no doubt life expectancy is increasing, but v.ill this continue? Well. v.ith me to discuss the queslion is Professor foAoyumi Hotushi, an expert on nutrition, and Brion Winter, on exercise coosullont. Brion, you firs!. Brian HeHo. Well. yes, life expedoncy shook:! continue 10 increase, buI there is couse for concem that Iodoy's generation rno( noT rIVE! as long. Host Oh, why's that? Brian Irs completely dooMllo our Ideslyle. We Ieod very inocTiYe lives nc:rw - most people sit all day. We're not exercising enough buI.....e still eot as much as, if nol more than, people vsed 10 eol years ago when most JOOs were active. So this leads 10 obesity and 011 ~s problems, Host So we need more exercise, don't we? Brion Yes, we should do qurte sTrenoous exercise for aboulthirly minutes three limes a week. This will also help 10 ensure good sleep, which is important, Host Okay. Moyumi, do you ogree? Moyumi Oh, yes, lifestyle is very important. My interesl is in nu1rition, as you knaw. Bul did yau

know thai women in Japon live longer than any oTher people on the planet, to aboUT 82 in general? Host No! Why is lhot? Moyumi Irs hard 10 soy exoctly, but one reoson is !he diel: in Japon, we eol lots of fish and fresh vegelables. fd soy thot Japol'lCSe women trodiliooolty don'l hove a 101of stress, though thofs chonging now that more and more are working. Host And Japanese 'NOffiell don1 drink a 104 of okahol, do they? Mayuni fd soy thors changing, too! Host Who! about salt? Thafs bod lor you, Too, isn1 it? Mayumi Too much saU is, yes, buI rd soy.....e eot quite a lot. Oh, and another thing - lea. Teo is good lor you, espe60Ity green tea. Host Oh, I didn'T knavv that Now, we've lalked about diet, exercise, sleep, stress. IS there anything else? Brion Well. rd soy thot irs irnpoflonl 10 Iry To keep oplimistic ond happy and not 10 lei problems stress you too much, I think it's important to hove close friends, people you con rety on and lalk 10. You know what1hey soy - 0 problem shored Is a problem halved!

Brain and beauty

T 94


t ·· ~

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
Copy the word map in Exercise 2a on to the board. Ask students to copy it into their notebook. Word maps are a great visual way of recording. learning. and remembering words. Encourage your

students to design word maps for other sets of words taught during the course. Have students do Exercise 2b in pairs or sma!! groups.

3 Listening skills
After students have read the list and selected their five important things. let them discuss their ideas with a partner. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Ask students to listen and check the things mentioned.

Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. You may need
to play the recording a second time before students get all the answers. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Answers will vary.

4 Grammar review: tag questions
Qukk grammar guide
Question togs in English are quite complex, so geHing students to use them accurately can be a slow task. The first key to the system is grasping that auxiliary verbs in the main clouse ore repeated in the question tog. However, the verbs switch from affirmative in the main clouse to negative in the tog clouse, or the other way around. The second key is grasping that when there is no auxiliary in the main clouse, danY, doesn't, or didn'l is needed in the question tog.

Common errors and problems
Students may transfer a simple system of questions togs from their first language 10 English;

You like it, A6? They ore married .
Youlikeit. ~?


Students may overuse the tog "isn'l il?

Ask students to complete the question tags as they listen to the audio for Exercise 4a. Play the recording again. pausing at Ule tag questions, if students are not sure of the answers. Let students check their answers to Exercise 4c in pairs before discussing them as a class.

5 Pronunciation : tag questions
Read through the rules in Exercise 5a as a class before doing the exercise. Play the audio again. Ask students to listen and repeat. Play and pause, ask the whole class to repeat. and then ask two or three individuals to repeal the sentences as well. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Ask students to listen and write "checking" or "asking".

6 Speaking skills
Give students five minutes to discuss and list health problems and causes. Briefly survey answers from the class, and ask each group to identify what they think the major problem is. Encourage students to use the example in question 4 as a model for their writing. Finally, have one student from each group present their report to the whole class.

a Sa we need more exercise, don't we? b Japanese women don't drink a lot 01 alcohol, do they? c Thars bad lor you, too, isn't it?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 II isn't raining again, is it? IfaUI Sarah didn't eat much, did she? Ifalll Patrick booked the tickets, didn't he? Irisel I'm invited to the party too, aren't I? Irisel Nothing'S going right these days, is it? {lallJ This is the right place, isn't if? (rise] They'll be late, won't they? 11011 1


T 95

Brain and beauty

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
a Go through the report on page 94. Find the d iseases mentioned and the ways o f dealing with some of them. Add them to this word map.

4 Grammar review: tag questions


a Complete these tag questions. Listen and check your answers. 1 So we need more exercise, don 't we ? 2 Japanese women don " drink a lot of alcohol, do they ? 3 That's bad for you too, isn't j! ?

ways or dealing with different problems

health and disease

b Complete the rules for tag questions. If the main verb is positive, the tag question is negative . If the main verb is negative, the tag question is positive .

There are some "irregular" tag questions: I'm -7 aren't I? This is -7 isn't it?

b Discuss the diseases and problems in the word map. Think about possible causes of each one from the list below, and how they can be dealt with.
infected food and water bacteria/viruses working too hard eating the wrong food pollution


alcohol abuse smoking ignorance

c Write the tag questions for these sentences. js it ? 1 It isn't raining again, 2 Sarah didn't eat much, did she ? 3 Patrick booked the tickets, djdn 't be ? 4 I'm invited to the party too. oreo 'l i ? 5 Nothing's going right these days. is it 6 This is the right place. iso 'l iI ? 7 They'll be late, MlIlD'llbey ?


3 Listening skills
a The repo rt mentions "lifestyle diseases", which 5 Pronunciati on: tag questions may slop the average life expectancy from ~ a Wo can use tag questions to check something we increasing. How can we improve our lifestyle and think we know, or to ask a real question. If we live longer? Look al this list and decide which ask a real question, the voice rises on the tag five you think are the most imporlant. questions; if we are checking, it falls. Listen to 1 eating fish ~ the three questions from Exercise 4a again. 2 avoiding sugar 0 Wh ich one is "real"? 3 avoiding too much salt Listen and repeat the three questions. 4 not too much alcohol Listen to the questions in Exercise 4c, Write 5 not smoking "checking" or "asking" by each one. 6 doing lots of exercise 7 keeping a healthy weight 8 sleeping well 6 Speaking skills 9 being optimistic IH In groups, discuss ways of improving life expectancy 10 not too much stress ~ in your country. 11 being married I with a partner 0 1 List the ma jor health problems in your country. 12 having close friends ~ 2 List their causes: are they lifestyle·related? Listen to a radio discussion about life expectancy 3 Suggest ways of dealing with these problems. and li festyle. Put a check by the things on the list that are mentioned. 4 Write a short report about one or two of the major problems. Li sten again and answer the questions.





1 Why is the amount we eat a problem today? because of inactivity and obesity 2 How much exercise should we do? thirty minutes three times a week 3 Why do Japanese women live longer than everyone else? because they eat fish and vegetables, have liule stress and don't drink much alcohol 4 Why does Brian think fr iends are important? you need people to rely on and talk to d In pairs, discuss these questions. 1 Do men or woman live longer in your country? Why? 2 Think of very old people you know. Does anything in their lifestyle explain their long life? 3 Would you like to live to over 1oo? Why? I Why not?

in ouy ayea, a1Le ygi£S aye a 6t-g flYo6&m. 7he)! can be caused by plan!:5 OY pe15, 6u.1 lhe)! can also be caused by ,,"Y pdtu.lU)n, wfuch can ¥eaLt)! damage )!""Y heaLih. 'Peopte can gel vaeem,,5 ag,,"nsC ce.uun aLteygie5, a-nd Ihey 5huuld h-y ..wi ro have plan!:s oy pUs Ihat cause aLteYg"'s. The .f!uvern/",,,n!: sMul.d h-y ro Yeduce atY pcllultnn 6ecau.se tl makes aLUygi£S woyse.
5 Compare your ideas with other groups.

Broin ond beauty


1 Warm up
a How do you think you learn most effectively? Before you start work on this lesson, make notes about the ways in which you think you learn best, e .g. visually. by doing things with your hands. by talking to others. b In Lesson 2 oflhis unit you read a little about Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intell igence. Now you are going to learn more about this. Read the lext and write the kinds of intelligence in the table below.

. k that every parent th"nks their \ Teachers often)O e arch Suggests that . . od recent resc child IS a gemus, a roa bcl lntclligence is affect~d to some extent they d~ffercnl factors: gellene, by a number of . nal and so on. In the late environmental, cm otlO d doer of H ar vard Howar ar . 20th centur y, . d dOff nl kinds ofintelhgence, . "ct nnile I CfC I University I C th factors. For examp e, ccount esc which take IOta, a . c which refers to people there is visual tntclhgenc .' maps and so on . th ough pictures, , who learn best r th thcr hand refers to onco ' IOte ' c blem solving, and L ogical ' l JIgene , . th gh numbers, pro . learnUlg rou f . I traditional intelligence analysis. These arc air ~ d tifled more unusual G dncr also I en . types, but ar rural intelhgence .' such as no. d IOtelhgcnce,. nnd thc environment), an re (underst.andlO~ natu ( ki g questions about life), existential intc~lgen.ce a~ : nderstanding yourself intrapersonallOu~\hgcnc () d intcrpersonal d I mng alonc, an d well an ear d' other people an (understa n 109 ·th intelligence . lnlera cong well WI . them) . \Vhal all thIS means is that if we can , identify child ren'S " ~ different strengths among of these type s intelligence, we can hC\~ child ren to fulfill thclr potential as learners.

Kind of

What does it mean?


in telligence

Your ~ score


Learning through
language Learni ng thro ugh looking
Learning th rough analysis Learning though doing

Reading articles



Using tables and graphs
Problem-solving ac ti vities







Doing physical games Using chants and rh ymes Writing a diary at home



Learning through sounds and rhythm Learning through thinking and working on your own Learning by interacti ng with other people Learning through observation of the world Bround you Learning through asking questions abo ut life





Working in groups, e.g. role play Working outside, in the countrySide




Discussing important issues


Unit 9

Brain and beauly

Irs about how some people prefer 10 learn through listening or reading or taking notes. I love Brain and beauty T 96 Unit 9 .. looking 01 maps and figuring things out from pictures. They didn't use any other techniques. I don't feel I'm learning unless I write. Rob Oh. yeah. I mean. I prefer to study alone and figure oul problems for myself. Rob Not only can teach.Objectives Grammar Topic: different types of intelligences and learning styles Reading Ustening Speaking analyzing learning styles verb + verb constructions. ask What does this Ie/I us about the way we learn? 1 Warm up Have a brief class discussion for Exercise la . Jane Thars right. you know. whereas I lend to be more intropersanal. Rob Yeah? Jane It was about Howard Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences. Ask students to read the text and complete the first column of the table in Exercise lb . um. motivated. Rob I think that we both have something of the other types of learning.using language. yeah. right? I lean toward visual learning. For example: jump skip hop leap step stride Introduce the topic Ask If you had to. Strange. you know the kind of thing. through games and activities where you get up and move around.. But. you know. but you prefer 10 study with other peaple. um. too. I know what you mean. but should teach. I mean. I like learning through aclivity. you can leach in lois of different ways to make the lesson more interesting and to make sure more and more learners are. don't you? Jane Oh.all the professors iust stood up and lectured all the time. I've heard of that. it's one of the ways of learning. you're right. Thars. Rob I'd say thai writing is also Ie<nning through doing. how would you go about learning those words? Who of you would write frans/a/ions? Who would put these words in sentences? who would learn them by miming or matching to pictures? After eliciting a few different answers. For Exercise 6 on page 97 1I Jane I was reading a really interesting article earlier today. noun clauses. Rob Sa you must be. like I'd always keep notes when the teacher was talking.. yes. I'm physical. but I tend to write things down.. too. and relative clauses a book extract an informal discussion Write a set of words on the board. ~ ~--------------------------. too. so they were really blocking out some types of learners and making life more diHicull for them . wouldn't you? Jane Yeah. Find out how students feel they learn best. irs about teaching. surely it's not iust about learning. kinestheti c. Thai must be port of verbolleorning . the kinesthetic type. isn't it? Jane Well. I think. Jane Have you ever analyzed yourself? Do you know how you learn best? Rob I haven'l analyzed it. I'd rother study in a class Ihan on my own. Isn'l it about how diHerent people learn in different ways? Jane Thars right. you know. interpersonal. I feel that t can learn a 101 from ather people. . I just like doing things. Rob Oh. I haled college .

. 4 Feedback Ask students to take turns to read their analyses aloud. Ask studcnts to work out their score and discuss the results with a partner. On one hand . From a show of hands . if mostleorners are visual. Ask students to listen and say what typos of intelligence the speakers have. brainstorm on the board ideas for types of activities that could be used in and out 01 closs to facilitate learning. On the a/her hand / In contrast.. Have a brief class discussion o f students' answers. Change pai rs in the classroom. .2 Tas k Ask students to work ill pairs to add to the Examples column in the table... kinesthetic . Both . For example. prefer . ask a few students to briefly su mmarize what they found out about their partner. Give students two or three minutes to prepare a brief description of their learning style using the new languago.. but . interpersonal •• 6 Notice Play the audio agai n for Exercise 6a. find out which types of learners are most common in the class. You cou ld help students by reading out a model ana lysis..... For example: 1 learn best by analyzing. and videa in closs. whereas. and ... Ask students to co mplete the sentences and check their answers in pairs. tables. Let students check their answers witb a partner beforo discussing them with the class. Aften'lsrds. Thon ask studonts to tell their new partner about their learning style: I tend to learn best by analyzing... kinesthetic. . Answers: Rob: verbal. Also. I lean toward doing probJem+solving activities rother Own reading or speaking. Additionalodivity The Qudioscripl for Track 42 is on page T96 '" Unit9 T 97 Brainondbeouty . J prefer doing problem-solving (lctivities to reading or speaking... 5 Comp are Play the audio for Exercise 5. 7 Follow up Divide students into groups of four to six to share their ideas and prepare a report in note fonn. Presentation alternative Write the following language on the board to he1p with preparing the report: We all tend /0 .. leons toward . Ask each grou p to report to the class. you could use more pictures. Bearing in mind which types 01 intelligence are most common in the closs. drowing. .. inlrapersonal Jane: visua l. labeling... You may need to play and pause to give students sufficient time to write their answers. 3 Prepare Ask students to use the phrases in the Usefu l Language box to write 8 short analysis of their learning style. students could draw and match pidures more when studying vocabulory ot home.

6 Rob: I prefer . Keep a note on the most common types of intelligence in other groups.. b In the sarno pairs. I don't learn like this at all. 4 Jane: I love . Read the table again and give yourself a score of 0-3 for each type of intelligence. b Discuss your learning styles together. 2 = I sometimes learn in Ihis way. Did anything surprise you about your partner? Did you agree with their analysis? 5 Compare ~ Listen to Rob and Jane doing the same task. .. I'd rather . . Can you give me an example a/what you mean? a In groups.. describe your learning styles to each other again. 2 Rob: I lend .. 7 Jane: I'd rather . 7 Follow up USEFUL LANGUAGE I learn best by. J like I don 't like ..2 Task a Usa your noles from Exerc ise 18 to add more exam ples to the table.. 5 Jane: I like .. wheroas I tend . 4 Feedback a Present your analysis of ycur learning sty les to your partner. 1 '" I rarely learn in tbis way. 8 Rob: .. 6 Notice Listen to Rob and Jane again. 0 ". 3 = This is one of the ways I learn best. Complete the sentences below.. c Decide w hich are the three most common types of intelligence in the class... 1 Jane: Some people prefer .... This time try 10 use some of the language in Exerciso 6a. describe your styles of learning to each other. J prefer . Whal kinds of intelligence do you all have? Which is the most common kind ofintelligence in the group? b Report the resu lts of your group to the whole class. Listen 10 your partner's analysis.... 3 Jane: I lean toward . Make noles to toll your partner about how you learn. 3 Prepare Use your scores above to list your styles of learning.. Which types of intelligence do they each have? Brain and beauty .. b Find out about your "intelligence" (we can all have more than onc type of intelligencel. ....

e. 3 Tag questions u.5 9t'V'en UJ e/4. thing. where or when. 3 Mumps is a painful disease. In this case. 4 Tom Cruise used to be married to Nicole Kidman.n:niey. Choose a word to define from the list. the tag question is positive: This kind of relative clause gives additional information about a person. the tag question is negative. If we leave out the information in the relative Clause.e.. Then compare your sentences with a partner. guess which word your partner is defining. Non-defining relative clauses Kevin and Laura aren't coming tonight. i.In!lue:n}4. We cannot usually leave out the We can also use them to ask a real question. which have sold millions of copies.Jl:. using words and phrases from 2. it is odd that she lives in a big hOuse) The elections taka place SVSf}' three )'OOIS. wfuch t. )la:.. we use the modal to form the tag questiOn: Brian can't sing very well. There are two types of relative clauses: defining (Identifying) and non-defining. UJ peyson.AIDS allergies anem~ eczema """"'" fatigue tuberculosis _esOOo heart disease innuenza stroke pneurT'oOflia A It's a person who teaches in a university.1UWY. 2 Gabriel Garda Marquez wrote A Hundred 'rOOrs of SoJitude. ~. isn't it? There al'8n 't any concerts here this weekend. or idea. Note that defining relative clauses are not separated from the main clause by commas. which is odd.. We can use tag questions to check something that we think we know. is especuu1:y welL-known. Choose five of the diseases or problems in 1 and write a definition/description of each. the sentence stilt makes sense: It's really cold today. using a relative clause. hasn't he? With modal verbs. which is very democrafic. are read by young and okJ alike. can he? If the verb in the main part of the sentence is positive.e qr cqu.'y(:y pecple e.'vam U1U-vey~. If the verb in the main part of the sentence is negative. that. She speaks English. the voice rises on the tag question: I don't know Pilar. who 's an architect.e. 5 LQ. which. we can leave it out: I failed the math exam (that) I took last month. when we snee. al'8 they? M8J'k's been with that company for years. a professor Switzerland a manager a biologist chemistry smallpox Vocabulary Summary 1 Diseases and problems acne """". 1 Harvard University is especially well-known for its law school. Use relative clauses where you can. wfuch is one of tAe k5l 1t. The Harry Potter t:xx:Jks.e. giving more infonnation in non-defining relative clauses.. doesn't she? 71 F""" In simple tenses (simple PfBSSfIt and past). It usually begins with who.. In pairs. can 6e ptt'V'en1:ed now by a "Y(lCC. because she doesn't have much money. tests are restricted to traditional kinds of intelligence. strnss 2 Non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers We can use non-defining relative clauses with which to commeflt 00 the Idea in a 'NhoIe sentence: 3 Prevention and cure antibiotics mediCation diet sanitation exercise sloop hygiene vaccination She lives in 8 v&y big house. the fact that the elections take place fNefY three years is democratic) Write a sentence about each of the following.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Relative clauses A relative clause gives more information about a noun 1"1 the main clause of a sentence. (The relative clause identifies which test. fqr lis taw scAoot.otics a hangover a topic sentence Japan alcohol an optimist B A professor. and that we always separate them from the main clause with a comma. to ask about something we don't know.sdtes m tAe wo-dd. .'1 Mandy tOOk the intelligence tast that focused on spatial awareness. and any other language you need. we foon the tag question with doIdoes/did: information in defining relative clauses: She's the woman who won the beauty contest. is spyuut from peyson. wluch is caused by a "YtrnJ. Non·defining relative clauses are used mof8 in written than spoken English.>cia diabetes indigestion smallpox 2 Causes of disease I health problems alcOhol abuse viruses smoking bacteria pollution eating disorders radiation infection / infected food or water . ... (She's the woman. ~. WOrlcs for the lOcal fflUflkipaIity.-e'1f .) Jack lived in this house.L~. antib. Where the relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause. didn 't he? In other tenses we use the auxiliary that is used to form the tense: In defining relative clauses we often use the pronoun that instead of who or which. haven't you? :::. In this use the voice falls on the tag question: '!-tlu've been to Europe several times. . Note that we do not use the pror1C)IJ'I that in non-defining relative clauses.gh. whose. al'8 there? My wife. Unit 9 Broin ond beauty .I Identifying or defining relative clauses This kind of relative clause tells us exactly which person or thing we are talking about.

Brain and beauty Unit9 . a Use the examples to try to figure out the differences between a few. ACTION PIAN I> Your action plan: working with written grammar If you do not have a special notebook for grammar. f • Finally.. Ten minutes a day is enough. and grammar correct? ~ ~ grammar? (Is it easy/diffJcultl\ogical7) 2 When you make notes on new grammar.e. whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. spelling. are the punctuation. h Go back to your lisl from time to lime. record this grammar in your notebooks so thai you will remember how it is used. I. As you read. Think in terms of both the form of the language and the meaning. 1 t know a few people who have really high 1. g This couk:l be n a conversation or when you are writing something. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy: is the language correctly used? For example.sk yourself d you know wilen to use the grammar. d Then dlec!<: your ideas about meaning by looking for other examples to see if they fit. You can also check 'Nitl1 a grammar book. Note: you wijU need to show a classmate the notes on the grammar that you have made in your notebook at the end of Unit 10. 3 Remember it's not enough to know the form . discuss these questions.g. cross it off your 1 St.z Z C) 01: Written grammar 1 Thinking about grammar a In small groups. in Vllhich kind of situations. e g a 1 Think of grammar as a fun puzzle and a!\-vays try to a Set short.U L. Seeing f " the election. actively look for appropriate situations when you can use the language. You also need to understand and record the meaning(s} c '" for example. 3 Putting the tips into use In pairs. 4 There is little hope of finding any survivors now. of the grammar and give an example to illustrate the meaning. exchange and read the final written report about one of the most popular team sports in your country from Unit B. I already do this. create a special grammar section in your normal notebook. think about these areas.0. A good w'iX'f to do this is by under1ining examples of it in texts and making by noting the form. *** = I will try this. 2 Working with grammar a Here are eight lips to help you learn new grammar thOroughly. look at these examples and follow the steps below. increasing your depth of understanding of the fl8V>I item. L.U d . b • Look for examples of it in differenl contexts. You do not want to sound too formal in an informal situation. a little. note down some grammar that interests you and use the steps in Exercise 3 to understand and record it. few. Match the tips with the examples of hOw to use the techniques. e Finally. what information do you include? o >o > o c. 3 A little wisdom can go a lOng way. 4 f:.I". subject + verb + OOject). scores. and little. c Can you tI1ink of / find any other examples of these? (The text in Exercise 2b on page 102 might hep you. word order (e. 1 What do you personally think about English D<J<] REVIEW Revtew your action plan: writing 8 short report In pairs. b Compare your ideas with other pairs. VV11erl you don't make that mistake any more. such as in order to + nfinitive: The 5 Review all new grammar regular1y or you 'Nil! forget government has increased wages in order to gain popularity before or hearing it again and again 'Nil! rep rneroory as well as .. *= I m ight try this. -J ~ 3 What techniques do you use to learn new grammar? 4 What is "grammar"? b Share your ideas with the class.. ' notes in the margin.. Vv'hile you are working on Unit 10. 2 Few people have high enough scores to be considered geniuses.) Do these examples confirm your ideas? d Now check your ideas with the Language note on page 103. I'm not interested in this. 2 Be systematic about hOw you record tle'N grammar b . or the opposite! b 7 Keep a ~st of the grammatical mistakes you keep making in a special part of your notebook. e For example: we can express purpose 'Nith connectors that are followed by an infinitive. b Look at the list of techniques again and mark each one with one of these keys: . X". but regu~ times to go over new grammar again. figure out the meaning first.

~ been a huge success. 5 he I want ' live' there ore' Jots I job opportunities He wants to live when there are lots of job opportunities. (in spite 00 She failed the test in spite of answering all the questiON . strange as they work in the same building. hasn't it ? 4 She couldn't speak Japanese a year ago. music but no dialogue. that had 1 We saw an interesting film last night lwl. Use the words in parentheses. Where he wants to live. 4 this country' need ' greater ' economic stability What this country needs is greater economic stability. 3 I always feel homesick' think ' friends ' my hometown I always feel homesick when(ever) I think of my friends and my hometown. e is something I really hate! a 1IID 3W <lID sl!!l d There is a relative pronoun missing in all of these sentences. (ill order to) He wore a suit in order to make a good Impression at the interview . "fw She's the teacher " taught me French. ironing (iron) but I hate ill c not always the best way to lose weight. (however) Cosmetic surgery is very ewensive. A 1 H Eating (oat) loss is 2 The childron apologizod for 3 Gettinll u~ (gel up) early 4 She denim\ 5 He doesn't mind 2~ h being (be) late. You will need to add a question word to each one. do you? 2 Picasso and Dali are both Spanish painters. (even though) The runners all managed to finish the marathon even thouKh the weather Was terrible .a Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. d stealing (steal) clothes from the store. thatlwhich 3 I hate books have long chapters. Then write the correct fonn of the verbs in parentheses. 2 The weather was terrible. is there? .he had finished college. 5 A lot of women hove cosmetic surgery even though it is very expensive. aren't they ? 3 It's been raining all day. a e Complete these questions with appropriate words. However. ~ unfair.shlng ' . have great special effects. 1 You don't have a car. 4 She took up karato so as to defend herself from attack. a lot of women have it b Expand these notes to make complete sentences. 'in c Match A and B to make complete sentences. 3 He woro a suit because he wanted to make a good impression at the interview. However. could she ? 5 Excuse me. she failed the test. 1 Although she answered all the questions. which was 5 Tbey only bought one oftheir three children a bicycle. " which have 4 The Star Wars films . There isn'l a bank around here. Write the pronoun in the correct place. and add commas where necessary. 1 I can'l imagine I he I lives on I salary I can't imagine how he lives on hislthat salary. the runners all managed to fini sh the marathon. (so that) She took up karate so that she could defend herself from aUack . which is 2 They don 't know each other. they had missed thoir bus. 2 The interviewer asked I she I wanted I do I after I finish I college The interviewer asked what she wanted to do after finl. there are lots of job opportunities.

.. but I'm 40 pounds overwOIght. 1 He can ju mp vory high. the mare resistant the bacteria become. 2 anJd. Cities in many countries cause problems because they have serious levels of 4 arising from the number of cars. but also from factOfies. in some countries (sanitary) is very poor and can result in a number of 3 ~nfect) that spread in dirty water poilu lion (pollute). the impression that they're very stubborn. allergic fatigued d iabetic can cerous obese strossfu l bald anemic depressed 1 I just can't feel positive about anything -l ife seems so black to me . Sho's an Olympic d iver 5 He can lift 150 kilos. as this is one of the main reasons !of sickness infUI:tions in the western world. Use the context to hell> you. In other parts of the world there are other reasons for illness. 2 I don't like my low foreh ead . Nowadays.my eyes start to water and they Itch badly. so we really have to fight the causes of illness. Your eyelids look very heavy and yo ur eyes are bloodshot. Doctors prescribe different kinds of 5 to counter illnesses.::.. abdomen ankle armpit bottom calf elbow fingers fist foot hand hoad heel hip knee Deck shin shoulder thigh toes waist wrist What are theso patients suffering from? Use the noun form oftive of the words from the box.'=~~) 3 hin knee g Complete these sentences with a noun that describes an athlete and that is related to the words in italic. darling. waist h Label the pictu re on the right using ten of the words from the box. for example. often (medicaij med icine and food. 3 Ho can run short dis tances ve1J' quickly. and a variety of cures and remedies.---. 2 Sho can jump a long dis tance. They make him look surprised all the lime. Sho's a champion long jumper . the most common of which are antibiotics. . But the more antibiotics we use.:.f Complete the sentences with five ohhe facial features from the box. patients are told to lead a less 1 2 sanitation stressfu l (Stress) lite It they can possibly do so. stress wrist Complete the text with the correct form of the words in parentheses. . 3 You need to gel more sleep. chi n forehead eyelids eyebrows nose lips cars eyes mouth 1 His eyebrows arc very arched . Ho's a weiehtlifter . a llergy 5 I fee l nervous and tonse nil the ti me.dmuession . fatigue . especially at work. He's a great hjgh jumper . 2 I look so pale and I just don't have any energy. 3 I guess it's partl y poor diet and no exercise. 4 I never like to sec a prominent chin on a pohtlClan . A HEALTHY LIFE Modem lite brings with It a wide range of illnesses and diseases. as well as treating the symptoms. foot o-{:. 4 It happens in the spring . obesity . .. . . He's a great sprinter 4 She can jump in to the water hood first from a great height. It gives . Kids at school used to call me "Neanderthal Boy". 5 Mary is reall y n very nice person but she has such Ihm lips that her smilos look fal se.

Unitl0 The world around
lesson 1
1 Speaking skill s

2 Reading skills
a T he following sentences come from the article below Read them and predict what the article is about. .

,I W,lin! d~ you know about waler? Take the wat erw ise qUI z and find ou\.

1 The city is lndore, in India, where [ grow up. 2 A project to draw water from the Narmada Ri ver lay unfinished for years.
3 T he city doesn't s leep easy. 4 Moreover. the water shortage is not shared equally. 5 M~ Il~oth er reminds every household member whe w IiI listen to use less water. ..........

b Read the article aud check your predictions. The sentences from 2a are missing from the start of paragra p~s A.-E. Write the numbers of each sentence "-" at the begmnmg of the appropriate paragraph.

Precious Fluid ~;
A~ It sleeps with one ear tumed to the fully opened faucets with buckets dangling from them. At the first sounds of the water's arrival through the pipes in the pre-dawn dark, bodies spring from beds to fiU buckets and pots. In the slums, people have been awake since before the first droPS arrived. Uning up, half-asleep with their pots by the communal tap, waiting. Sometimes the water runs for an hOur, sometimes just a few minutes. Sometimes the water company skips a day or two, sometimes more. B~ Several trips are made through the day to inspect the level of the tanks _ one on the roof of our house, one on the ground. The city'S poor people, with hardly any storage at their disposal, are forced to buy exorbitantly priced water brought in by tanker. Rghts erupt. There have even been murders.

e lIl

It has 1.5 million inhabitants and there has been a water problem here as far back as I can remember. Today it is estimated that the water supply to the city is half of the amount required . A rise in population and a steady decline in rainfall are usually blamed. But there are other culprits, too.


Meanwhile, Indore's streams, an histOrical source of water, were neglected and tumed into drains. The govemment's '-promise of "a faucet in every home" tums people into passive consumers of state-provided water, weakening the traditional role of communities in maintaining local water supply. The street where the rich live has lush gardens, even during the dusty Indian summer. An industrialist's mansion down thl road from my parents' house has an indoor swimming pool. ........ And then there are whole localities with either very little water or no water at all.


~ b Now listen and check your answers. c In grou ps, compare your scores. Who is the most "water-wise"? Which is the most important fact you discovered fro m the questionnaire?

.,. GLOSSARY (see opposite page)


The world around us

Grammar quantifiers

Topic: water
Reading a magazine article, a quiz Ustening a conversation

laking and discussing a quiz

Write wateron the boord. Put students in pairs and ask them to write as many uses for water as they can in one minute. Find oul which pair thought of the most uses. Possible list:

Introduce the topic

you con drink it; you can swim or dNe in it; you can water plonts with it: you can wash in it; you can hove a shower or bath in il; you can wash dishes with it; you can wash clothes/cors/windows with il; you con make fountains, pools, and ornamental ponds; you con go sailing/woterskling/windsurfing/speedbooling on il; you con put flowers in il; you can freeze it and make ice for your drinks; you con boil it and make tea; steam engines

There are many numbers in this unit, Here is how to pronounce a few. 60% = sixty per cent 1.5 liters", one point five liters 0.01% '" zero point zero one per cent (in British English, nought paint nought one per centl 2025 '" twenty twenty~five 400.000", four hundred thousand

Note on numbers

1 Speaking skills
Ask students 10 lake the quiz in Exercise la . Limil lhe lime 10 five minutes. Play the audio for Exercise l b. Ask students to Iislen and check their answers. Then let groups of students discuss the quiz. Afterwards, find out ITom the class what surprised or worried them.


2 Reading skills
Pul students in pairs 10 predict ITom the sentences in Exercise 2a . Ask students to read the article quickly, and find out whether any of their predictions are mentioned. Draw attention to the Glossary. Briefly, elicit answers ITom the class.

T .• ~


Put students in pairs to match sentences to paragraphs in Exercise 2b .

A lers check the answers now. B Okay. You read out the questions, and I'll give you the answer from the bock 01 the magazine. A Right. Question 1. How long can the overage person survive without water? We said b. three weeks. B We were wrong. II"s a - only three days. A Is Ihat all? Wow! Okay, question 2. What can happen if you don't drink water regularly? We said a - you develop kidney problems. B And a it is! That's correct. Question 3? A How much water should you drink every day? We said b. about half a liter. B Actually, it's a. at least one and a half liters. That's a 101, isn't it? A Yes, it must be about seven or eight glosses. I don't drink that much water. B Neither do I, but maybe we should. Okay, question 4. A Right. How much of our body is water? We said c, 60 per cent. B Thars right, c, irs about 60% water. A Good. Now, 5, approximately how much wa ter do we have in our body? We said c, 50 liters. B And we were right. C - our bodies contain obout 50 liters of water. A Well, that was okay. Question 6 was how much of the earth's surface is covered by water? We said c, 70%.

B Yeah, right again, irs over two-thirds water, so about 70%. We're doing okay. So, question 7? A 7. How much 01 the earth's water is drinkable? We said c, 10%. B ah, not so good here. The answer is b. In fact, irs less than one per cent. A Gosh, I didn't know thaI. Okay. Question 8, how much water does an overage African use every day? We said 0, five liters. B Yeah, that's right, a, five liters. A Good, and question 9, how much water does an overage American use every day? We said it would be more, so about 50 liters, b. B Well, we were wrong again. The overage American uses about 500 liters of water every day! Thors c. A Thars amazing - and frightening. How do we use that much? B I suppose in boths and using hosepipes, and washing cars - all that kind of stuff. A Yeah, , expect you're right Last question - by 2025, how many people on the planet will face a water shortage? We said 0, one third. B Well, the horrifying truth is that irs c, about Mo-thirds. Isn't that awful? A Yes. So how did we do? B Uh, we got five right and fIVe wrong, so it wasn't too bod, bull think we should really know more about things like this ..

The world around us

T l02

Unit 10

Ask students to research the article and list points under the headings in Exercise 2c. Afterwards, build up a class list of points on the board. Possible answers: The poor: lhey get up early to line up at the communal tap; they have to buy overpriced water because they can't collect water; they fight over water, and people are murdered. The rich: not affected; lush gardens and indoor swi mming pools The author's fami ly: mother reminds people to use less water; she inspects the fam ily water tanks regularly.

End this part of the lesson by having a brief class discussion about the questions in Exercise 2d.

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
Do the first as an example to get students started on Exercise 3a. Point out every household member in sentence 5 of exercise 2a, and tell students to underline it. Then tell students to find and underline other sentences with quantifiers in the text. Let students check ill pairs. Then ask them to discuss Ule questions in Exercise 3a in pairs.
Quick grammar
The problem with quantifiers is which words they go with - countable or uncountable nouns? Singular or plural nouns? And, since Ihis is often different from students' firsl languages, il can lead to many errors.

guide: quantifiers

Common problems and errors
Some nouns may be countable in students' languages and uncountable in English or ",ice verso;


All the furnitures 6fC comfortable. There .¥;R "

nice clothes here.

He gave me a lot of informaliofl5. Much, many, and a lot of I lots of cause confusion: He has fRI:JER money. Little and few may be interchangeable in the students' first longuoges. I have lew money,

Answers: Every household member Somelimes just a few minutes Several trips are made ... With hardly any storage , .. .. . half the flmOWlt required ... very litUe water or no water at all.

followed by countable, singular nOWI followed by a countable, plural noun - a small quantity followed by a countable, plural noun -a mediwn quantity followed by an uncountable noun · - a very small quantity followed by an uncountable noun'" followed by an uncountable noun - a small quantity followed by an uncountable noun *

*Note that. although followed by all w lcountable here, Ulese can also be followed by counlables, (hardly any people; half the students, etc.) Ask students to complete the table in Exercise 3b, then check wi th a partner. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 3c. Let students check with a partner before discussing as a class, Go through the example in Exercise 3d as a class, then give students a minute or two to read the facts and think of how they can express the facts using quantifiers. Remind them about the Language Nole. and clarify any confusion related to using/ow I a few and little I a little. Put students in pairs to discuss. Monitor and listen for accurate use of quantifiers. Afterwards, elicit from each pair their "best" sentence.

Unit 10

T 103 The world around us

c Read the article again and make notes on how the water problem affects these people. the poor the rich the aUlhor's family d Are water shortages andlor water pollution a problem in your country or region? What are the problems? Can you suggest some solutions?

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
a Find the quantifiers below in the article and the sentences in Exercise 2a. Underline the sentence each quantifier is in. Then answer the questions. every a few several hardly any half very litt le no

c Complete the sentences with an appropriate quantifier. 1 "Some more wine?" "No thanks. I still have some/a HIlle left." 2 It is the responsibility of even person to take care of the environment. 3 "Would you like to try the left or right shoe?" " I'd like to try .hW.h.. of them, please." 4 There are a (ew!some/seyeraJ coins left in the car. We'd better got them for the parking meter. S We get a lot of/a good deal of rain here in the summer, so the grass is very green.
d In pairs, d iscuss these facts about water. using an

Are the quantifiers followed by countable or uncountable nouns? 2 If the quantifier [s fo llowed by a countable noun, is it singu lar or plural? 3 Which quantifiors refer to a large quantity and which 10 a small quantity? correct group below.

appropriate quantifier. We Jose 0 Jot of our water because of old pipes. / We waste a great deal o[ water.

b Write the <!Uanlifiers from Exercise 3a in the

Amazing facts!
We lose 70% of our water because of old pipes.

Quantifier type Inclusive Large or medium quantities Small qua ntities Precise quantities Negative qua ntities

Examples both, either, each, ~, all many, a lot of. a groat/good deal of. seyeral some, few, ~, hardly aoy, yecr little a quarter, two-thi rds, ..llillL neither. ......lliL....., none

The average citizen in Britain uses 200 liters of water a day.

LANGUAGE NOTE Nota tha differonce betwoen Q [ew/o little and felli/little: We get a littlo rain every day. / The ground is dry because lIIe get little rain in the summer. There are a few French speakers here. / There are few speakers left of some languages. a felll/fl little", some: [elll/little = not enough

An average citizen in Mozambique uses 9 hters of water a day.

400,000 litres of water is used In the production of a car.

GLOSSARY (Procious Fluid) dangling hanging, swinging slum poor area of a town with very bad housing exorbitant overpriced, costing much more than is usual culprit person or thing responsible for something badlillegal drain passage through which water or sewage nows away lush very green nnd healthy

Over two-thirds of the earth's surface is water.

Only 0.D1 % of the earth's water is drinkable.

The world around us

Unit 10


1 Listening skills
a Look at the picture. What do you tllink the object is? Why is tho man !ooking al it? b Choose a caption for the picture from the olles on the right. @ C Listen to Pari 1 orlhe radio program to check your answer. ~ d In pairs, guess the answers to these questions. Then listen to Part 2 and check your guesses. 1 How many pieces of man-made jWlk are there in outer space? 70,00010150 ,00 2 What kind of man-made jun k is there? mostly sateUiles and rockets, but also wrenches, gloves, cans and bags, scraps of paper, plastic 3 Who dumped it in outer space? astronauts 4 What might happen if this junk falls back onto the earth? it might disintegrate when it enters the earth 's atmosphere 5 What's the largest thing that has ever fallen back onto the earth? a space station 6 Wh o does the garbage belong to? USA, Russia, Britain, Germany
e What do you think can be done to solve the problem of "space junk"?

<DGreat Balls of Fire ®
_ one of the tWO

"T'his South

®A South
African farmer keeps his '--" distance from the bomb in case it explodes.

metal obiects
that fe\\ from the skY and landed ,

white hot , on a farm near

an UnUSual Orm of the €'<lme in Which
the ball is mad



PaYer is tr .

AFricans I OCcer


of melal.


3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases
a We use of to combine the conta iners and their contents. e.g. a lube o/toothpaste.
1 Which word in the phrases below has the main stress? the container word . 2 Which word is weak. with the vowel reduced to I~I? of a can of baked beans a carton of milk a jar of honey a bailie of beer a box of chocolate a bag of chips


b Listen and check your answers. Then repeal.

2 Vocabu lary: containers
a in the radio p rog ram. Major Lewis mentioned cans and bags among the space junk. What might have been in them?
b What usually comes in these containers? Put lhe things in the box in the correct columns.

c In pairs, check your an swers to Exercise 2b. Say the phrases with the correct stress. A inslan/ coffee B a jar of ins/ant coffee

4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers
a What is the differe nce between a lube of toothpaste and a toothpaste tube? Label LANGUAGE NOTE the pictures with the two phrases. We do not use the plural farm in these b Listen to the phrases phrases: and re peat them. Where is the main stress in a call of ooked beans these phrases? but (looked bean can.......,.. The main stress is on the first word .

instant coffee paint jam orange juice matches wine ice cream cookies cereal mineral water soda ointment olives tools lemonade potatoes yogurt

C ."
paint soda

honey instant calfee jam




toothpaste bakod beans ointment

chocolate beer cereal matches wine IDOls




orange juice icecream

orange cerfllli juice wine potatoes

lemonade ointment yogurt olives

minerai cookies water soda lemonade

tube oftoothpaste

= =


too thpas te lube


The world around us

For Exercise 3c. Play the recording again . 2 Vocabulary: containers Encourage specu lation about the question in Exercise 2a. Ask one or two individuals 10 repeat individually.. CJ @ ~ For Exercise 1d. Point oul both the illustration and the Language Note. Now. and it seems it wan·1 be the last. pausing after each phrase. irs not the first time man-made junk has fallen on to earth from outer space. regardless of whether the tube has anything in it or not. something falls from the sky ~ery day.. Make sure students are pronouncing of with a weak stress. . Ask students to listen and check.Objectives Topic: iunk and disposing of waste Vocabulary containers Grammar modal verbs: active and passive Pronunciation stress in phrases Ustening a radio interview Speaking discussing waste Write on the board: Introduce the topic a garbage can a recycling center a wastepaper basket a second-hand clothing shore a yard sale a landfill site Ask What sort of things do we put in or give to Ihese places or things? Why? Do you pay attention to whether you get rid of your garbage or junk? 00 you recycle things? 1 Listening skills Ask students to work in pairs or groups oflmee or fo ur to discuss the picture in Exercise l a and match the caption from Exercise lb. Let students check answers in pairs hefore disc ussing them as a class. and ask students to repeat chorally. whereas toothpaste tube is describing the object. 10 Sd. compile a list of possible explanations on the board from the class's answers. You can also use them in the pronunciation activity that follows to proctice stress in phrases. ask stu dents in pairs to look hack at exercise 2b and practice pronouncing the answers with the correct stress. I 46i'-.. Here in the studio 10 throw light on the problem is Major Richard lewis. Model the activity briefly to preview and encourage the use of modals: I'm not sure. first put students in pairs to predict answers. Play the audio for Exercise 4b.. and point out that tube of toothpaste means Ihere is toothpaste in it. ond bogs. a baked bean can a honey jor a milk carton a chocolate box a beer bottle Ho" W"com. t .. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise le. jars. T . Ask students to listen and check their predictions. we investigate a new kind of garbage called 'space junk: We begin with the mysterious appearance of two metal balls that formers in South A frica say fell from the sky near Cope Town. Space watchers say that. Answers will vary. Play the audio for Exercise Ie. bottles.~ 47"---------. Then p lay the audio. It is 0 good ideo to bring in 0 shopping bag of different tubes. Using realia 3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases Ask students to work in pairs to predict answers to the question s in Exercise 3a. @ 4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers Ask the question in Exercise 4a to the class. o can of baked beans a jar of haney a carton of milk a box of chocolate a bottle 01 beer a bog of chips The world around us T 104 Unit 10 . cans. but J think there must be millions. then ask students to complete the table in Exercise 2b. 100. Answer: Th e object is space junk . program. Ask students to listen and repeat. Play the audio for Exercise 3b..a large metal hal! that fell from space. in fact. You can use them to elicit the vocabulory. Afterwards. Ask students to listen to find out if their predictions were correct.n" In Adlon " lodoy.• ill I The audioscript for Track 45 is on page nos ::.. The best caption: 1..

uh . Presenter Major L ewis. that was a very hal metal sphere...000 pieces of man-made junk that are floating around the earth. After students have discussed the questions. 35 kilos and it landed with a loud boom in a vineyard only 50 meters or so from where some farme rs were working. a lot of it has been left behind by astronauts over the years during the various space missions. they're between one centimeter and 10 em in size.. vote on which group had the best ideas.both beca use it is followed by 10 and because it is difficult to pronounce. if possible. Oughllo is also a problem . Monitor carefully and be ready for questions. thankfully no one was in jured Presenter And what about this mysterious melal ball in South Africo? Lewis Well. 5 Grammar: modal verbs + active and passive Put students in pairs to work through Exercises 5a to 5d . 45'-----------------------------------------------------------~ For Exercise ld on page 104 II. we're tracking around 8. the United Stotes owns the mosl oboul 3. Somebody should destroy them . And where did all this junk come ' from? Lewis Well. then have a brief discussion with the class. Check any problem vocabulary.is it dangerous? Lewis Most of it isn't . well. The subject is somebody. In fact there are probably a lot more than 8. Somebody ought to make the countries take more care . Make sure students say either should + verb or ought to + verb..000 items. pieces of junk? Do we know? Lewis Yes. There were in fact two balls. uh . Give students a couple of minutes to read through the table in Exercise 6b. Presenter I see. and Russia is second with 2.. ask them to outline the main problems and their recommendations for reducing and disposing of waste. Altogether. But this kind of thing happens every day.it s just that our radar can't pick out anylhing smaller than these. Do the first sentence in Exercise 5e as an example.Put students in pairs or small groups to discuss Exercises 4c and 4d . Major Lewis.000 to 150. Britain and Germany have only one piece of trash each that we're aware of.. elicit answers from the class and clarify any confusion. Quick grammar guide: models The major problem here is Ihot many students ovoid modols in general and passive modals in particular. thonk you for joining us today. they should be destroyed when they start to fall to ovoid any damage.. They tend to use expressions from their native languages. Answers: a Ought is followed by to. scraps of paper and plastic. Unit lO Tl05 Theworldaround us ... weighing about .. b Somebody must track all the junk . At the end. but mostly we're talking about parts of satellites and rockets. Put students back in the same groups as for exercise 6a. that's all fascinating. Presenter And whot's going to happen to all this stuff . At the end. And what kind of things are we talking abaut? Lewis All kinds of things ~ wrenches. Ask one student from each group to present their ideas to the class.000 pieces of garbage out there. can I begin by asking you just how much space junk is flying around up there in outer space? Lewis Well. Then ask students to add to the list any ideas they can think of. Presenter And is anyone going to do anylhing about the problem? Lewis We can hope! All the junk must be tracked carefully so that we know if there are any large objects up there ~ and. Presenter Well.a lot of it diSintegrates when it enters Ihe earth's atmosphere but some of this Irash is going to foil bock 10 earth. we think there are about 70.. We tend to use the passive to be impersonal and objective. as happened in 1979 when a whole space station crashed inlo Australia. gloves. And of course. Give them three or four minutes.000 . cons and bags. and ask them to discuss the questions. Encourage students to practice all the vocabulary introduced in this section. Let students check their answers in pairs when they have finished . Presenter One last question: who does this gorboge belong to? Lewis Actuolly.in other words. Presenter And how big are these . 6 Speaking skiUs Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 6a. countries with satellites and space stations ought to be made to take more care of their things in space.500. Presenter Uh. we don't know andlor we are not interested in who does the action of the verb. that wrench goes out into space and becomes a piece of spoce junk... Allow about ten minutes. like /I is necessary Ihal . let's sayan astronaut drops a wrench while he's working at the space lab. Presenter A whole space stolion! Was anybody hurt? Lewis No. at the Space Center at present. huh. c 2 is more objective because it does not "blame" anyone by saying who should be building landfill sites.

in what ways? 3 How is waste disposed of! Arc there any problems associated wi th this? Problems Ways of reducing waste taxing households that produce excessive waste providing recycling facilities for more items. 2 More landfill si tes ought to be built. 1 Households that produce a lot of garbage s hould/oughlto be taxed (tax) more. and which do you recycle? 6 Speaking skills a General waste is becoming a huge problem today. 2 What do you think happened to your garbage? 3 How does your country or community deal with garbage? b In your groups. Say what the current forms of waste disposal are and suggest some alternative forms which you feel would be practical. Decide whether to use an active or passive form. plastic 5 Grammar: modal verbs + acti ve an d passive a Look at these passive sentences from the listening. which do you keep. Use the ideas in the table and your own ideas.. paper. A Littering is a big problem. 2 We shouldn't/ouK nol 10 Use (usc) so hl many plaslic shopping bags when we go to the supermarket.g. 1 What are the problems related to waste? 2 Do people try to reduco wasle? If so. ond nlso the schools should ..c What arc the containers in tho taule in Exercise 2b usually made of? Discuss in pairs.. Which one is more objective? Why? 1 The govern men t ought to build more landfill sites. 2 . Materia ls: plastic. Jllore garbage cans would help. A lot of people litter because there aren't fI nol/gh garbage cans in tilt) streets. In groups. countries . Say what you think the major problems are and make recommendations for improvement. aren 'tthey? d Household packaging is a real "junk " problem . discuss the fo llowing questions. (I Stiffer fines s hould/ouCht to be introduced [introduce) for people who litter in the street.. S If you have a garden.. B res. which onos do you throwaway. littering inefficient garuage collection too many nOll· biodegradable containers not enough garbage cam pollution of air and water from landfi lls lack of recycling centers c Make recommendations for your country or community. and ecological. e. When you have finished with the containers. cans providing an incentive for recycling.g. glass. Present your ideas to the class. you shouldlought to put (put ) all vegetable and fruit waste on a compost heap.. ought to be made to take marc care of thei r things in space.. economical. We think the city government alight to provide more garbage cons. Decide as a class which were the best ideas. 3 Newspapers and magazines should/ought to be recycled (recycle). The world oround us UnillO . a small paymont punishing people who litter or leave their garbage in inappropriate places Ways of disposing of waste burying in landfill sites burning in incinerators sending into space putting in deep oceans melting and reusing for new products.. e. 3 . d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on pago 110. they should be destroyed when they start to fa ll . Who is the subject in each one? c Look at theso two suggestions.. What is different about ough(! 1 All the junk must be tracked carefully . e Complete these suggestions with should or ought to. discuss how waste is handled in your cou ntry or com munity. something else Toothpas te tubes aro made of metal.. Le. b Rewrite the sentences with active verbs. 4 People should/ouXht 10 be encouraged {encourage} to take bottles to a recycle center... 1 What kind of things have you thrown away in the past week? Think abou t all your waste. Underline the modal verbs. Answer the questions helow. metal.

The pressure to feed people is rapidly intensifying. Ie is difficult to argue against GM crops when the welfare of billions of people is involved. Fill the boxes with the words in Exercise 1. 5 AnQther serious obh:<:lion is that growing GM crops in close proxi mity 10 other crops means 2 Explain why you think the y are the most that those crops wi ll be I contaminated I. GM crops will be GLOSSARY biotechnology science based on cells and bacteria flourish grow weil and be healthy a rid very dry with few plants a bundant plenty of. 1 Describe the arguments to your partner. It is now possible to create "super rice" with increased fertility and resislance to disease a nd insects. for and against CM food . this will have eno rmous consequences. 2 It is only in this way that we will be able to I feed I the world 's exploding population. scientis ts can now p rod uce GM I cro ps I that can grow in harsh environments . As Y know.~ b Listen carefully and fill in the rest oflhe blanks. T hen listen and check. 1 Vocabulary: GM food What do you know aoout genetically modified food? What are the argu ments for and against il? Use th ese words and expressions in your answers. Student B: Read the text on page 151 and comple te the table with arguments agains t CM food. The world's population is now six billion and will grow to eight billion by 2020 and perhaps eleven billion by 2100. Biotechnology is now being used to create crops that: * flourish in harsh environments such as arid land and salty soil. 3 Reading skills a In pairs. 1 The issue of [I====G M ~L====I foods is a controversial one . a gene from Brazil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes . Since four billion people (about 60% oftbe world's population) depend on rice. There are three words in each blank. 3 Fi nally. such as areas thaI used to lose cro ps through I flooelinG I or extreme heat. jill I b Choose the Iwo strongest arguments fo r or against CM food from your text. which cause blindness and anemia. the first time in history that this had been done fo r a major food crop. we arc Oll now able to change the I genes I in plants. contaminated crops flooding genes food chai n GM feed imp lanting pesticides resistant 2 Li stening skills @ a Read these sections from a debate on CM food. and this has caused a lot of debate . Scientists have recentl y produced GM rice with increased vitamin A and iron content. read two arguments. UnlllO The world around us . in large quantities genome the complete set of genes in a living thing I resistant to insects. so the s tro ng I pesticides have been used un ti l now will become a thing of the past. Second . proved that I that 4 It has al read y been im plantin~ I a gene can introduce sOl1s of problems into the I food chain : for example. Student A: Read the text below and complete the table with argume nts for CM food. This will help people who suffer from low levels of vitamin A and iron. * bear abundant fruit with little supervision and carei * are enriched with vitamins and minerals. A tremendous milestone in this direction was achieved when the genome of rice was finally identified. important arguments in your text. ._. * require little water and fertilizer. Fo' Against GM food: the arguments for GM food has enormous potential for helping nations suffering from famine and for feeding the exploding world population. 3 Write your partner's arguments in the other column of the table.

.. in which students read different passages and try to put together their understanding of the text to make it whole. Group Bread the text on poge 151. When students have finished. Then give studen ts a minute to prepare what thoy want to say about GM food. and holp with problems. discuss the vocabulary in the box in Exercise la .. The mosl convincing orgument against . Aa students do Exercise 3b. Then play the recording again.. Let students check their answers with a partner when they have finished. Then ask students 10 stand up and find a portner from the other group who has read a different text. .. monjtor. Do the first as an example. Put students in groups of fou r to discliss their ideas. students can check their answers with others from the some group. . the longuage of presenting an argument for and against is used.Objectives Grammar reported speech Topic: GM food Vocabulary GM food Reading Writing Ustening a debate Speaking discussing GM food a magazine orticle a discursive essay Write GM food on the board. then elicit comments from the class. or Against (if they are B) al the top of a page in their notebook. is lhal . Play the audio and ask students to listen and check. Tell students not to worry about the other blanks at this stage. In Exercise 2b. Tell UlOm they havo nvo minutes to read their text and outline arguments. is . Divide the closs into fWo equal halves. This is a good wov of mixing students and crealing more interadion. Group A read the text on poge 106. Make sure that thoy exchange and write down each other's information. using a table they have coped from Exercise 3a into their notebooks. ask them to describe and explain their argu mellts in pairs. In the activity and loler in the lesson. Ask What does GM stand for? Whol sort of food is genetically modified these days? Hove you ever eoten GM food? Whars the law on GM food in this country? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: GM food As 8 closs. You may need 10 play and pause the recording to give students time to write answers. The main problem with / drawback of / concern with . ask students to fill in the rest of the blanks first. in exercises 3b and 5. You may wish 1 write the longuoge below on the board to help students do Ihis and 0 loler activities: Useful language The moin argument in favor of . is . is . @ @ •• 3 Readin g skills This is a jigsaw reading. in poirs. they then sit down and do exercise 3b together. When Ihey have finished. walk around the class. The main reason for .. Put students in pairs. one A and one B.. The oudioscripl for Track 48 is on IXlge n07 ~ The world around us T 106 Unit 10 . Groups A and B. Tell them to write For (if thoy aro A). 2 Listening skills Ask students to fill in the boxes in Exercise 2a wilh words from exercise t ..

GM allows us to produce bask loodstuffs beller and more cheaply. This could be sot for homework. so Ihe strong pesticides that have been used until now will become a thing of the pas!. Finally. lor these reasons. e. Peaple In these areas will now have enough to eat. Answe rs: Changes: Verbs go one tense back. F urthermore. Quick grammar guide The main thing tho! students need to grasp when reporling speech is the ·one tense back'" tense chonge. and this has caLlsed a lot 01 debate. ~~--------------~ For Exercise 2 00 Poge 106 iii. fired. will become changes to would becom e. My main objection is thot we really don't know what genetic modification does 10 a plant and. and people with nut allergies are experiencing allergic readioos to these tomatoes. for very good reasons. ask students to read through the reported statements. In some cases. Monitor and help with questions and confusions. II has already been proved that implanting a gene con introduce all sorts 01 problems into the food chain: lor example. for or against GM food. etc. will be to would be. therelore. Ask students to follow the inslmctions in Exercise sd to write thei r ind ividual essays. Common mistakes include wroog placement of to and incorred use of on objed pronoun after soy. Common problems and errors Forgetting to change tense. Mon The Issue 01 genetically modified loods is a controversial one. UnillO T 107 TheWOl"ldaroundus . go through the answers as a class. as they will need these notes to write thei r essay. Model the activity by matching tho fi rst reported statement to the direct speech in ~xercisc 2n (section 11 as a class. Woman I agree with the first speaker that the issue 01 GM crops is controversial. Sometimes. we are now able 10 change the genes in plants. from are to were. the pronoun changes. has caused changes to !Jad caused. in 1.g. such as areas that used to lose crops through flooding or extreme heal. The teacher &9t" !fie Ihe onswers. we are pulling them into a position where they wilt no longer be able to grow non-GM food. Make sure that everybody fi lls in the columns. scientists can now produce GM crops thai can grow in harsh environments. II is only in this woy that we will be able to leed the world's exploding population.we can already do thot if we slop using all our land to raise CQ'NS and pigs for food. Second. in 1. Put students in pai rs to work on Exercises 4a through 4e. He said thaI he it. At the end. e. ore changes to were. whal it might do to animals and human beings. As you know. Ask the groups to decide what their viewpoint is. but my agreement stops there. by forcing GM crops on poorer notions. GM crops will be resistant to insects.4 Grammar rev iew and extension: reported speech [n Exercise 4a. this may prove 10101. First. which should please everyone. Anolher serious obieCtion is thai growing GM crops in close proximity to olher crops means lhatthose crops will be contaminated. divide students into groups of four or five to completo a fo rlagainst table. There is often confusion between the verbs soyond felf. My opinion is that GM crops will be with us lorever. 5 Writing skills In Exercise 5a. we changes to they. And in answer to the argument about feeding the world . 0 gene from BraZil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes.g. He lells ~ me to be quiet. I disogree completely with GM crops. In 2.

Your essay should have four paragraphs and be between 200 and 250 words long. think of as many reasons as you can for and against eM food. section 3 3 The woman explained that implanting a gene could introduce all sorts of problems into the food chain. say. c Usc your answers to Exerciso 4b and your knowledge of reported speech to complete this table.Present perfect Direct: Reported: Past perfect '-Direct: . report other things that the author said. The developed world can help tho third world. '.. Modals: can.Simple past Direct Reported: ' . section 4 4 She argued that growing GM crops in close proximity to other crops meant that those crops would be contaminated.. Scientists have rocently produced GM super rice. ' . 1 The man claimed that they were able to change the genes in plants. claim .g. will. In pairs.. Use the information in this lesson and your own ideas.. predict. The world's population will grow to eight billion by 2020.4 Grammar review and extension: reported speech a Look at these reported statements from the debate in Exercise 2. c Go through the arguments for and against GM food in this lesson and sum up your position... We should all be aware of the problems.. e Look at the text you read in Exercise 3a.. Direct: "- Present progressive Direct: We IlJ'(l not saying that all eM crops are dangerous. He said . Theworld around us Uni!10 ... and that had caused a lot of debate. Reported: He said they were . Write them in the for/aga inst table in Exercise 3a. section 1 2 He predicted that the strong pesticides that had boon used unlit now would bocome a thing of the past.. . d Write a discursive essay with the title Is GM food a positive or negative development? Follow the notes below and use you r notes for this lesson. e.. "- They bad already started the trials. compare the direct speech sentences in Exercise 2a with the reported speech above. Also use the plan for writing on page 47. They exported food from Ethiopia. Reported: He said they .. should Direct: Reported: Direct: '-- Reported: Direct: Reported: d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 110. explain. Reported: He said GM food had enormous potenlial. 5 Writing skills a In groups . He said scientists . section 5 b In pairs.Simple present "- eM food bas enormous potential. He said we . Use different reporting verbs. tell. argue. He said tbey . Paragraph 1: introduce the topic Paragraph 2: list the arguments for GM food Paragraph 3: list the arguments against GM food Last paragraph: summarize your viewpoint and conclude the essay. He said . and list tho changes you find. b How do these arguments fo r and against relate to your country? Agree on the greatest threats and opportunities that GM food represents for your country.. Find the direct speech in Exercise 2a. .

. Studies carried out by scientists into climate change in the last century show that volcanic activity. which is a ma jor cause for concern. - \.lesson4 Climate change > 2 Task Read these frequent ly asked questions about global warming. These p redictions are based on a number of factors and are not absolute. odorless. it mean s the sea level will rise Ilnd in some cou ntries thi s w ill cause catastrophic flo od ing. change in land use. e. greenhouse gases. b Put a check (.- 'r--' I Wha t is globa l warming? The earth's temperature has risen by 0.. If globa l warm ing is really h appening. Group A text The greenhouse effect is the orocess where heat js unable to escape from the earth's atmosphere... air temperature increased by one degree Fahrenheit in the 20th century but some regions. and greenhouse gases all cause climate change. there will be no w ater.. Answer your partner's questions.. but some people say 4 global warming is a m yth they say there have always been 5 cl jmate changes on earth and it's too earl y to say w h ether this parti cular change is part of a norm al cycle or something unusual. \. Can yo u answer an y of them? • • • • • • • • What exactly is t he green house effect? A Is climate change a natu ral or human-caused phenomenonWhat are the possi ble effects of cli mate change? B '--' Wilt there be any benefits associated with climate change? B How much climate change has been observed up till now? Is pl anting more trees a way of solvi ng global warming? B '--" Are there any alternatives to coal and oil? B Who is responsible fo r greenhouse gas emissions and climate change? B • How do scientists estimate the climate of the futu re and how reliabl e are their projections? A • What are the current estimates for 21st centu ry cli mate change? A 1 Warm u p a Match these key words with the defin itions.7 l degrees in the last 150 years.. The greenhouse effect is caused by both natural and human activity. c Work in pairs of A and B students.. Ask yo ur partner the questio ns that your text didn't answer and take notes.. 1 global warming b 2 CO2 (carbon di oxide) c 3 Prepare a You are going to look for the answers to some of the questio ns in a short text. such as carbon dioxide. which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of the air d the normal temperatures.. r l It---- . Scientists believe the m ain reaso n for Ihis is that we are putting too much 2 ~ into the 3 atmosphere .4 degrees Fahrenheit. t UnillO The world around us . Of these. Group A: Read quickly through the text below. only desert.. The rise in temperature is called global warming. sunny or rainy b Fill in the blanks in the text with fiv e of the key words. You have only three m inutes to do this.. ) by the questions in the list above that your text answ ers and make brief notes about them. The latest predictions for the 21st century are for an increase of 2. Grou p B: Read quickl y through the text at the bottom of the opposite page. Some scientists believe the temperature is going to continue rising.. Can you an swer all the questions n ow ? '--' 3 atmosphere e 4 degrees a 5 climate d 6 weather f a un its that are used for measuring temperature b the increase in te mperature that has been taking place in recenl years v '--- "---' c a colorless. hot or cold . of a country.. Globally.5-1 0. such as Alaska. etc. have been the main causes of climate change in recent years.. Th e teacher will di vide the class into two groups. In others . rainfall .. a region.. have seen a four degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. or the earth e the air around the earth f temporary conditions in the air. Scientists estimate their predictions for the future ~ knowledge of historical climate Change and comp uter models of the climate system .g.

and write them on the board. an Writing Ustening a college seminar wifl. then check with a partner.. Ask students to read the text in Exercise l b quickly for a general understanding before fill ing in the blanks. divide the class into groups of four. Label half the groups A. Let students briefly check answers with people in their group. the other half B. The world around us T 108 Unit 10 . Give students one minute to read and nole answers to the questions. Ask Do you think this is Q serious problem? What factors ore causing global worming? Elicit as many suggestions as you con from students. 0 2 Task A good way of doing this is a pyramid discussion. 3 Prepare If you haven't done so already. Divide the class into pairs of A students and B students. Ask students to read and check the questions in Exercise 2 that their text answers. Then put one pair with another pair.Objectives Grammar Topic: climate change Vocabulary climate change Reading extracts from a science book. 1 Warm up Ask students to match words and definitions in Exercise la . going 10. t . The best way to do this is to ask students to stand and then find and sit with someone who has read a d iffe rent text. Ask the pairs to discuss their texts until they can answer all the questions. Then put them in pairs and give them one mar£! minute to compare answers. present perfect F AOs on a Web site F page AQ Write global warming on the board. first conditional. and give them one more minute to compare answers one fmal time. making a group of four.

In re<ent years. But humgn activiJ:. using one or Iwo of the phrases from Exercise 6. Student 2 What I can't understand is why everyone thinks a rise in temperature is bad . they estimate on the basis of historical climate chonge ond computer models of the climate system. 8 . 4 Feedback Briefly discuss the results with the class. Naruml (mise. ineilJde volcanic activity for example. let me put it like this . But what exoclly causes this global worming . solar power. Answers: 1.is it natural ar human? Tutor The green bouse effect is coused by both natural and human activity.it sounds great to mel So whO! are the effeds of climale change? Tutor Well. 6 Notice . thars much bener.5 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Is that okay? Student 3 Yeah. 7 Follow up Model the activity brielly with a good sludent. 2. con you tell us ogain. Tell them to take turns asking and answering the questions in Exercise 2. bUl lbesg sources of power need to be developed.there's wind energy. but haw do they know it will continue? How do scientists estimate the rate of climate change? Is it reliable? Tutor Well. The greenhouse effe<t is the process in which heat can't escape from the earth's atmosphere and which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. and wove energy. Tutor TbO hmnessinQ the power O the tides ond 'Ising it 1 t<. Okay. LeI students compare the notes they make with a partner before going through UlC answers as a class. Developing countries that don't have the money ta search for alternative sources of fuel will produce more greenhouse gases tban the United States and Europe.. thanks. so lhere'li be mgre floods and droughts Seq levels will rise jn some cOQstgl megs gnd some low-lyiM islgnds mgy be lost completely under the hot to extremely cold. and discuss their use with a partner. Student 4 What ore scientists prediding about this century? ""'Student 2 But is it all bad? Wan" there be any benefits from climate change? Tutor Not many. Play the audio one more time. Monitor carefull y. Ask students to listen and order tho FAQs. Tutor Good morning. Student 2 I don't understand wove energy. air temperature increased by about one degree Fahrenheit. pot1iculgt1y in dry megs wh ere there'll be mme rgin Student 3 How do we know about this? I mean. but the future is likely to be different as we become more aware of the problem. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissioDs. Discuss the answers as a class. thanks. especially if the trend continues.. but the pidure isn't all black. Moderate global worming will favor some fmmers. Tutor Well. I'm ofraid. yes. I think we'd better get on to . 6 Play the audio again.. and I'm sure you're aware of them . so there's a lot of disagreement in the scientific world about global worming. Student 3 So. noting mistakes and prompting students to use the phrases they have studied. 49'_-------------------------------------------------------------------. The rise in temperature is called global worming.. A good example of the effects is the balance of woler: water resources wilt increase or decrease. going fram extreme~ Uoit lO T 109 The world around us . but some regions like Alaska have seen 0 four-degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. 3. everyone. is milch worse. 7. who's responsible for all these emissions and climate change? Tutor GreenbOuse Iloses bove been increasing since the Induslrjal RevoluJjOD two hundred years ago. there are some pretty bad effects. such as effects on the migration of birds sgme species at birds will be forced tq migrale tq different plgces gnd some won'l need 19 mimgle gnymme so it upsets the balance of nature. increasing the forest meas will help to slow down global worming because plants and trees reduce tbe effe<ts of carbon dioxide. The climate of the earth has changed many times in the post. Is it reliable? Well. Put students in pairs. we don't really know. Before we talk serious~ about the next block of work do you hove any questions on climate change? Student 1 Yes. which means the countries of lhe developed world hove been mostly responsible for greenhouse gases sa for. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. let me give you some examples the usg at cm god gircraft filel lactorv emissions gases IISed in freez ing 01[ of th ese add to greenhoUSE Illlses and couse climate change. the ice ages. Now. 9. 4.•. 10. that is huge and very worrying. how much climate change has been observed? Tutor In the 20th century. f 0 make electricity Understand? Student 2 Yes.<. let me explain a lillie certain gases ow 1ffi!llale aad trop tbe beat like a barrier Ibot tbe beal con't QeJ lhrouah So Ihe heal is lurned bgd: jnlo tbe gtmosphere and the tempergture rfses Is thgl clear? Student 1 Yes. Ask the first question then briefly improvise a conversation with the student.lhe signs me worrying gnd we'd be foolish tq iQ nme lhem Tutor The 21st century? They soy there'll be on increase of between 2. Student 1 Con't we stop this? I've heard that planting Irees is a way of solving the prablem. •• Answers: Additional information is underlined in the audio script. what exactly is the greenhouse effect? Tutor Okay. 00 ils owo Ibis jsn't enot I~b to stop or even reduce global wmmiM IhouQh we hove to cui down on our production pf greenhouse QQsgs Whallhgr megns is we hgve to stoP using fossil fuels Student 3 Are there any alternatives to cool and oil? Tutor Well. 5. yes. Stop the audio after each question and remind students what numuer they are on. Ask students to look at the phrases.

because plants and trees reduce Ihe effects of carbon dioxide. Climate change is not entirely new: greenhouse gases have been increasing since the Industrial Revolution. . which is possible but must be done gradually: coal and oil can be replaced over a period of lime by wind energy and solar DOWer. This time... Ask about any questions you were unable to answer.4 Feedback . \.) Listen again and make notes of any additional infomlation to an swer the questi ons. In recent years. Some areas will have more water and more synshine. For this to happen. Number the FAQs in the order you hear them .. clarify something Understand? check 011 understanding 8 Let me give you some examples. 5 Compare Listen to a college seminar about climate change.. in the fu ture. be some benefits. clarify something..which in turn will cause infectious diseases to spread.. '--.. introduce an example 4 5 6 7 Is that okay? check on understanding Let me put it like this . 7 Follow up [n A and 8 pairs. clarify something What that means is ... cla rify something 2 Is that clear? check on understanding 3 A good example o r . Group B text Climate change will force some species of birds to migrate: water resources will increase or decrease. try to make your answers as full as possible. such as replanting and increasing the area of the wortd's 0 forests. The world around us . or chock 011 understanding? 1 Lei me explain . (The words may be slightly different.. 1 00. we must cut down on OlIr production of carbon dioxide. How are these phrases used? Docs each one introduce an example. and use the phrases from Exercise 6.... however... However. which of course means that the countries of the developed world so far bear the main responsibility for greenhouse gases. introduce aD example Tell the class how many questions you could answer. One way to do this is to cut down on our use of fossil fuels like coal and oil.... but on its own this is not enough 10 stop global warming. Moderate warming will fayor some fanners. There are ways of attempting 1 slow climate change. developing countries like India and China will produce more greenhouse gases than the United Stales and Europe. 6 Notice ~ Listen to the seminar again. There will. There will be heatwaves and more air pollution.... the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissions.. there will be more floods and droughl .. ask and answer the FAQs again.. Sea levels will ri se in some coastal areas.. two hundred years ago.

it is better to use a variety of verbs when reporting speech.. tOOls. . Adverbs of place and time often change too..." J" Carto n AJI student in class should have a textbook. matches. . paint. I was thinking about it . and moves one step back Into the past: I have an idea. bo1I1 meet you tomorrow. should.. He said I should hsten to her.Xltabie none 01 the books I none of . 3 "I'll lOve you forever. ought to. She said she had been thinking about/to Unit lO The world around us .Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of quantifiers Type Inc lusive The past perfect does r"IOt change: I had heard of this place. argue. Report these st atem ents. """'" 4 ""'" book 5 an the books I compJete the form.. Caesar said he had com e.... Neil Armstron g said this was one small step fOT a man .. olives. shaving cream candy peanut butter envelOpes butter sardines detergent oil shampoo cat food More ought to be invested in road-building. We will . (the speaker's opinion) B. e. Mart in Luther King sai d he had a dream. 2 E c. admit. the suggestiorv'obIigatiOn is ~ive. JUliet!" Romeo swore . ca l food honey. e.. home 2 (a) fev.@) some my friends but only fffW ~f them came to the party. yogurt. this place . s hampoo ." Columbus claimed he .g.. ~ She said she had an idea. claim. money Vocabulary Summary 1 Containers Tube toothpaste. 3 each book The modaJ verbs. " Martin Luther KJ-.. ointment baked beans. like 'ther each 0 hem. tomorrow . and had cOOiluered .. peanu t bu tt er milk. I have had an idea.. or a plant implant Cars should not be parked on the sidewalk.... VoJhen we make suggestions or express obligations using the passive. 5 "This is one small step for a man. 3 I invitee.. They said they would meet us 2"''''' 3_ 4 ""'" 5 aI ~he) 2 sOgUar COLf1table J singtJar COU"Itabie 4 SirlgLW COlI"lIabie 5 plural coootabIe or the next day. chips." Neil Armstrong said . hardy any money 1 half (oQ the books 2 a quarter of the 1 2 "I came. soda. lemonade.uncoco_ 1 "I have discovered a new land.. 4 "I have a dream.. (an objective suggestiorv'recommendation) Should and ought to in the passive are often used for rules: 2 GM food biotechnology contaminate crops feed flood food chain gene genome GM Implant pesticide resistant Find five GM word s to match these definitions .g said . we don't see it as being imposed by the speake(: You ought to IIlV6St more in road-bUilding..r 3 (a) little 4 hardy any quantities ". oil . 3 Reported speech In reported speech the verb usually changes tense. e . He said I ought to """".ral COLf1table or two-thirds of Negative q uantities ' ''' 2 rl9Ither 3 rona Of the money no book I no books I ro money """""- 2 sngJIar countable 2_ 3 3 pItxaI countable or lI'lCOI. Bottle '-' 2 Modal verbs + active and passive We often use the paSSiVe after modal verbs: beer. both of the books. animal. that place. Ihe next day. .. potatoes. You should listen to her. ~ She said she was thinking about it..to'" Large or . they in the examples above.. The most common reporting verbs are say and Ieli. . shaving cream . neither of the books Choose t he correct quantifier.. announce. I conquered.. Romeo swore that he would love Juliet forever.. i. Bo... many books 2 a lot of books I a lOt of money 3 a great deal! a good deal of money 4 several books 1 some books I some money 2 (a) few books 3 (a) little money 4 hardly any books I 2 a 101 01 medium quantities 3 a great deal! a good deal of 4 several Sm all 2 pllI<II COU'ltabie or uncountable 3 uncountable 4 pural countable 1 plural countable or uncountable 2 plural countable 3 uncountable 4 p/lxal countable pkxal COlJ'llabie Remember that the pronouns in reported speech often change.g. I ~ she and we . and would do not change: You ought to compiete the form . 4 She doesn't ha~ a little friends in her town. many . I'm thinking about it. orange juice. However. c andy.. jam. . instant coffee. envelopes We can use the COlI'ltabie quantifiers with a pltral noun if we add of the: each of the books. mineral water. . 1 Wool u like~ neither of these coats? No..e. She said she had heard of that pIaco.. d etergent Seat belts should be worn at all times. I saw.... Some modal verbs change in reported speech: Quantifiers Followed by noun 1 plural COLf1table Examples 1 both books 2 either book We can find it . ~ She said she had had an idea.g. predict. cereal. ~~ ." Caesar said . cookies Add these item s t o th e correc t column. wine. butter chocolate.. Precise 1 half (o~ quantities 2 a quarter I or UI'lCOlI'ltabie 1 si1guIar/pk.. lemonade. . They said they could find it. sardines. I don'.... had seen.. 1 a chemical used to kill insects pesticide 2 harm a substance by passing or spread ing chemicals to it contami nate 3 give food to feed 4 the complete set of genes in a living thing genome 5 put something into a person. Columbus daimed he had discovered a new land. k:e cream. .

The paragraph begins: Although reading in English can be very difficult. checking grammar. The world around us UnitlO . . In groups. 4 Applying the stages a The student who wrote the essay in Exercise 1 did not finish the last paragraph.. c Read the text written by a person studying EngliSh. and structure.sh eMm o >o --' LU > LU o CL text. lEI f ~ g Brainstorm ideas that are relevant to the question. Use the stages in Exercise 2 to help you. rewrite the essay. Student 8: Look at the spelling. punctuation. c Exchange your revised essay with another pair of students.rtanl !:c 'wrJe '" """""".. write the paragraph individually. You w ill need to look at all 01 these features very carefu lly.can you improve each other's methods? CompeO/ltg a fYa'rnmtLy ~ 'W~ng a ~ m an b Compare your list with a partner. and show your partner how you recorded it.!lIuYug!. write the last paragraph of an essay about reading in English. c When you are ready. dd-fl. Read their version of the essay and improve it if you can .. Gan they improve your wriling? ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: editing your work Using the recommended stages in Exercise 2. Rewrite the text and produce your final essay. and punctuation carefully. 3 Editing a text a In pairs. Ji><1 '" alt. a middle. brainstorm and note ideas for this parag raph.Oi!l:. Explain the grammar you looked at. I<l<l REVIEW Review your action plan: wonting with written grammar In pairs. First of all. Note: you will need to show a classmate the final version of your paragraph and your drafts at the end of Unit 11 . A. and an end. is ~?np. They are in the wrong order. Revise your first draft and check for structure and content. d Exchange your work w ith a partner..) d Is this student's experience of writing in English the same as yours? If not. Compare ways of record ing . The first sentence is: b Together. Look at the stages below. (Do not worry about the errors in the 0<:: :::) [ngt.!: ~ ~ z - C) Editing your work 1 Thinking about writing a Make a list of all the different types of things you have written in English. Proofread your final essay.6er GLOSSARY draft {of a lext] unfinished stage in developing writing proofread read something to find and mark errors for correction b In pairs. organize the ideas that your g roup thought of. Reorder them according to the most efficient way of writing an essay.. look at the notes on g rammar that you made at the end of Unit 9. The paragraph should be no more than 120 words long. it is important to read for a number of reasons. l'/"r"J:mg on [~ can hJy Ie 'W!¥)f a n1l. how is it different? e In groups. 2 Exploring the stages involved in writing an essay There are a number of recommended stages in writing a formal essay.. correct ing all the errors you found. Write your first d raft from the beginning to the end. Keep all your d raft texts as well as your final version. go back to the essay in Exercise 1 and edil it. Ii. discuss what you find difficult abOut writing in English. the grammar the spelling the content the structure punctuation Student A: Look at the grammar and the content. Read the essay litle or question carefu lly and decide why you are writing it and who you are writing it for. spelling.m. Give it a title. Conclude the essay in one or two sentences. Ust a number of reasons to support the argument. how you worked out the ru les and meaning. . III a III b iii c III d IKI e Organize your ideas into a structure with a beginning.

This is hugely popular. There they have to cope with living on a farm and working in a fast-food resturant . if there's 5 of young people locked up in nothing better or a house together for several A big yawn. The concept . K 1 Rea lity T V shows arc something new. P G People are nosy. showing for more than ten ** OK for a couple 0 years.I Read tho reviews of four reality TV shows."'-' miss it.of 1 . none has beaten the original idea.is as fascinating as ever and still claims a 10 prime· time slot in the evening.5 A d III groups. Match each rev iew with one orthe pictures. reality show and it has been worth watching. c In yo ur opi nion . y :4 Would you ever take part in one of these shows? Why? I Why not? 20 3 Liste n i ng skilis ~ It Two spoiled young rich girls leave their posh Beverly Hills homes to go and live in a small town in Arkansas. (psyc hologist). but the action takes place on a beautiful Pacific island . * the channel. Which of the shows in the pictures are mentioned? ~ b Listen again. " 1 primo-timo slot (line 10) a time in when il lot . 1 Which of the shows sounds the most interesting as a TV show? Z Which reality shows have you seen'" \Vh did you watch them? .de. discuss these questions. P 3 People like scandal and watch in case anyt hing happens! M 4 People get involved in the shows. Switch to the big movie on ChannelS instead. c Figure out tho meaning of the followin" words and oxpressions from the context. h Road tho reviews again. Chan¥ weeks and filmed for 24 hours a day . M (Myriam) or p. what is the fascination of re~ lit y TV? ~~y w~ether you agree or disagree With Ih e oplll lOns III Exercise 3b. Who gives these reaso ns? Write K (Kate). but the beautiful setting is not enough to stop boredom taking over after a while.a group episodes. Gripping stuff! 2 1.S. The young would·be stars in recent episodes have been competing to see who is going to represent the U. anger. Choose the rating you think the reviewer gave each show. Reality TV on your screens this week Adrian Soloman reviews the current reality TV shows. P 5 These shows give people a kind of power over olher peop le's lives.Ieollie are watching in the evening 2 gnppl~lg sluff (line 13) exciting SUbjllcl 3 cast (lllIe 21) people appearing in the s how 4 switch to (line 22) change channels 5 sett ing (line 32) placellocation 6 would-be slars (line 38) people who wan I 10 be fam ous 1 B* *" **** Excellent . K 2 People talk about them. Quite frankly. Below are some reasons for the popu larity of reali ty TV shows. and it shows some promise. M. this show hasn't managed to generate much excitement in spite of the good-looking cast and the provocative theme. so everyone wanls to see them. and the winners have become national superstars with their albums. excitement prom ise {nl (here] potential to do well 40 A group of unknown musicians spend all their time in an academy.1 Speaking skills Look at the pictures and answer the questions. 1 1 What kind arTV shows do you think they come from? Z \o~h at makes people wanl to appear in this kllld of show? Z Readin g skills . 3 Listen to a phone-in program. training to do concerts. Despite the number of similar shows now produced. GLOSSARY p rov~calive 25 30 C** Another one In the theme of "put a group of young people together and see what happens". Can the participants survive on what they find on the island? What will they eat? This hasn't been running as long as the other shows. in the Pan -American Song Contest. 4 P **· 35 causing comment. very entertaining. More than one person may give the same reason. They like gossip. Unit 11 Medio . ThiS was the first modern *** Very interesting.

breakfast TV Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Put students in pai. Answers: Big Broth er (8). Elicit as many different types of programs as you con from students. ask studen ts to listen to the audio again and put the correct letter next to each reason.Objectives Grammar present perfect progressive Topic: reality TV Reading a TV program review Writing Ustening Speaking discussing TV a review of Q TV show a radio phone-in programs Write TV programs in the middle of the board. Then have them share answers with the whole class. Answers: Reality TV programs. Ask students to find prime-time slot in the text ond underline il. want to win a lot of money. American Idol (0) In Exercise 3b . Ask students to listen an d say which shows are mentioned . •• 2 Reading skills Allow four min utes for students to do Exercise 2a. want to have a career in the media. Let students work in pairs to discuss words and expressions in Exercise 2c. The audiascript for Track 50 is on page nl3 :ill Media T 112 Unil ll . realily TV. Allow them to check their answers to Exercise 2b in pairs. Do the first one as on example. sitcom. talk show. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise 3c. Ask What clues in the sentence help you figure oul/he meaning? Answer: In Ihe evening tells students that a prime-time slot must be a ·slor in the evening lV schedule. Lei stude nts check their an swers in pairs before discu ssing them as a class. Ask Whal pon of speech is if? Answer: compound adieclive and noun. drama series. Guessing meaning from context 3 Listening skills Play the audio fo r Exercise 3a. quiz show. lifestyle program. soap opera. People want to be fa mous. and write them on the board. want to test themselves in difficult circumstances.rs to discuss the questions in Exercise 1 briefly. •• Show students how to guess what the words mean by looking at context. Ask studen ts to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d in groups of four or fi ve and then have a brief class discussion . documentary. Ask How often do you walch TV? Who! kind of programs do you walch? What kind of programs do you never watch? TV programs: news and current affairs.

Kate Good morning. Myriom. wotching them! Host Even though those lives are. Host Yeah. ever since the arrival of Big Bro/heron Dutch 1V. is also what the program makers hope. people get incredibly invotved in them. MVOOm Well. we've been watching reality TV since the earty days of Condid Comero in the 1940s. It's coiled The Academy. Of. Big Brother. good morning and welcome 10 the show. wos incredibly popular. Ask them to tell you which form is being used in each example. Here in the USA. where English would use the present perfect: l /We in Buenos Aires since 1995. I think we humans ore fascinated by prying into other people's lives. I see. Kate. so why don't you give us a call and give us your toke on reality 1V? Now lers go to our first coller. so everyone wants to see it. Ask each pair to follow the steps in Exercise sb to write their review. knows little about them. or something might happen in the bedroomsadly.. This morning we wont to know who! you think. Encourage pairs to comment on each other's work. this is what often attracts people to shows like Blind Trusl . Another common error is using the present perfect progressive fo r a finished event in the recen t post with a time reference: I J. Host Whot about reality 1V shows in Mexico? Are they popular? Host You mean we love to be nosy? Weinberg RighI.. Host Why do you think thot is. you know. on the line I have Myriom Sanchez from Mexico. They've mode a lot of those shows in the lost lev.. Weinberg And there's one more factor. on the solo. Lead in briefly by eliciting names of popular reality TV programs that have been shown recently or are on currently. Now. Host Why do you think these reality 1V shows ore so popular? Myriom Well. yes. some juicy gossip might come out. But you know whars really popular in Mexico? Irs that kind of discussion and debate show. we also like to control other people and hove some influence on their lives. course. who is in the States doing her Masters Degree. The viewer hopes that maybe. thars really interesting. Myriom .. The olher big hH is "Operoci6n T n'unfd" . some of them. Kate ..W'ho is staying on the show or who has been voted oft. have you been wotching all these real ity shows? Kate Wel l. and they forget aboutlhe cameros. Neil.~--------------------------~ for Exercise 3 on Page 112 " Host Welcome back to liveline.' years. in Spain 01 least. as your previous coller said. Myriom That's been running for years now. Point out that the easiest way to organize the review is to organize it under the headings in exercise Sa . even the mosl serious. like. chosen. We love to watch others go about their doily lives while we're sitting there.. but in the rest of the world Reality TV has become a big thing in recent years. a bn like our American Idol .and also because everyone's been talking about it. Kate. Now.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive Have students read the examples in Exercise 4a. in a game? Weinberg You mean like in Big Brolhet1Yes. then ask students in pairs to match forms to rules.. I gather we have a psychologist on the line. _ periect~ The present perfect progressive (have + been + -ing. Unit 11 T 113 Media . we've also been wotching a show obout young artists. Kate . Find out which students a re "hooked" on these shows. Irs sod but true. Professor Weinberg. like in Big Bro/her .fJ"e eeeR we(~Rf/ lote losl week. so lers ask her the some question. it wos something nfNI . Kate. I've been living in Spain. ask pairs to swap r eviews. OIer there "Gran Hermono: you know. I also think people liKe the power that voting gives them. Myriom Hi. When they are ready. In lad. Host Right. perhaps. because the people in it still go about their lives. they kind 01 control people's lives. Thank you. _on 5 Writing skills Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise Sa . I think there are several reasons. over several months _ it's been massive in Spain. the main reason was the nove~ value . Host Now. Host Thanks very much. Host Ah.. Then try to pair enthusiastic reality TV fons with a partner who.. so it really has spread around the world. like Cristina-those are the most popular ones. I just got bock. You see. How do you explain the enormous popularity of rea lity 1V? Weinberg Well. and which are not that interested. welcome to the show. good morning to you. at some point. Host RighI. Today we're talking aboUllY. Ask students to ch oos e the best forms in Exercise 4d. thars it _ people who wont to be pop stars are auditioned. and rea~ty TV in particular. The program where they voted on the first series was probably the most watched program eNer _ and mode front-page nOW'S on every nOW'Spaper. you know who! I mean? Host Yes. of course. of course. one day. as well. Quick grammar guide. the present participlel is different from the present perfecl simple in that it emphasizes duration and unfinished activity Common problems ond errot'$ Students may use a simple presen t tense to refer to something that started in the past and tha t continues up to now. then trained.and this. Kate? Kate I think irs. Before leaving the topi c .. remind students to read the Language Note. And of (ourse we hod Big Brother. attemative ~.

1 Look at the reviews in Exercise 2. It's very popular. 3 ['ve been seeing € e seli!YBig Brolher only four ·mes.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive a Look at these examples from the reviews and the phone-in. (l'wo of the examples match one explanation.. then check it and edit it.. 'o. c This focuses on a completed action with a result in the present. 5 They've made a lot of those shows in the last few years. We use the present perfect simple to express repeated actions and completed actions. b Use your answers to write simple or progressive in the rules . c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 120.. Match the examples with the explanations below.. answer the following questions about a reality TV show you both know. c Swap your review with another pair. really has spread around the world. 1 What is the aim of the show? 2 Where does it take place'? 3 What kind of people take part? (the public? celebrities?) 4 How do they spend their time? I What do they have to do? 5 What is the public opinion of the show? 6 What is your opinion of the show? b Follow these steps to write a brief review of the show with your partner. 4 superstars .:"rrr~::re: Peace. We use the present perfect progressive to focus on the continuation or the duration of an activity. Do you know the show thai they wrote about? Do you agree with their review? LANGUAGE NOTE It is possible with some verbs to use both the present perfect simple or progressive: I've lived here / I've been living here for len years. or balanced? Think of a few suitable ad jectives to describe the show.. Make notes of any other information that you might wan I to include. 2 . We usually do this with verbs that express actions tha t continue over quite a long time. 4 Big Brother . Media Unit 11 . d This focuses on the number of times the action has been done. the w inners have become national 1 I've learned ~ 'I'e been leu min panish for five years but I"m s I no vm' ood! 2 [ 'm not feeling well rve been coughing I've coughed all day. 3 I've been living in Spain.) 1 It has been showing for more than ten years. 4 Write your review together.. d Choose the best form of the verb in the following sentences. b This focuses on the continuation and I or the du ration of the action. Sam has worked I has been working for me since I star/ed the company. negative. m on 5 5 Wri ting skills a In pairs. a This focuses on an action that is completed. 2 Decide how to organize your review: which information comes first I at the end? 3 Is your review going to be positive.".'...

...... e. Video games: bad for your health? GLOSSARY nltentlon Silan the amount of time a person can focus on something without thinking about something else nttrihute (vh) believe something is responsibJu for A situation or event Unil l1 Media . DIscuss the questions. I 1 2 • magic lorror sports heroic action In ~ b The game designer is asked "What is it that makes these video games so popular?" What do you think? Listen to Part 2 and see if the expert agrees with you..if you StOp companies for $130 million playing video games. Video games can make the p layers: more irritable IiJ more violent more depressed 0 more lonely less crealive less sociable less intell igent 0 Jess confi dent fiJ i IE' b Read the newspaper article quickl y and check your answers to Exercise 3a... 3. become more irritable and schools.3 Readi ng skills a D0. video game they use IV or video game violence..... Then listen to a video game designer talking about the games and check yo ur answers..S.S. But the into the effects of playing general public in the U. 5 make you less creative. permanent .th ink video games can be harmful? In pairs. combat.. movement and eyesight but 25 very little thinking.and discovered that was no connection between when someone is playing a violence in high schools and .g. cause and motivation for the "killings to some of the 45 15 Professor Akio Mori has been conducting research violent games. you because they attribute the don't necessarily get better... yo u .. sports? 2 Listening skills @ a ~a lch the tilles with the types of games the box. .... The next question is "What kind of people do video games attract?" What do you think? Liston to Pari 3 and see if the expert's opinion is the same as yours. 1 How do you p lay these games? What do you have to do to win? 2 I-low many different kinds of video games can yo u th ink of. dlscus~ the queslion and check the possible e ffects that Video games might have.-/ parents want their kids to have imagination and confidence. Parents of high!O find it difficult to make school murder victims are in ~ friends. Professor Mori's research People who play video comes at a time when video games tend to have shorter games have been blamed for attention spans. If "-. 'l1.... 1 Speaki ng skills L~ok at the video games on this page.. video games over a long doesn 't think that violent period of time... they causing violence in U. Findings from a recent time playing video games research project in Japan and get them to go out and suggest that tOO much time play with their friends playing video games can instead.e damage can be the process of suing games ... he has video games cause violent 20 carried out exper iments behavior: 57% of Americans with 240 people aged six to questioned thought there 29 .. they should '--'( persuade them to spend less 30 ..

so they attract all ages. sports. 3 Reading skills Put students in pairs to discuss the question in Exercise Ja . fantasy.5i\ "" ~ Answers: young guys . magic. Media T 114 Unilll . Suggested answers: combat. Answers: the graphics are incredibly attractive and real I realistic entertainment I simple to play I they have the dynamism of movies. 52 and 53 are 00 page T261 ::. 'irritable = a bll bad-tempered and angry de'pressed ::: feeling unhappy cre'ative 'confident t Pronunciation ond 'violent 'lonely = having no friends 'sociable in'telligent meaning Ask students to read the articlc and check their answers in Exercise J b. . with the class check the meaning and pron unciation of the adjectives . Play the audio for Exercise 2a. Remind them to check the Glossary. The oudioscripls for Tracks 51. but you can play them at home I they have the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books . Ask them to check the boxes to show their opinion. But they appeal to all ages .Objectives Grammar Topic: video games Vocabulary collocotions with video Pronunciation expressing incomplete information Reading Ustening noun clauses using relative clouses a magazine article a radio interview Ask a few general questions to set the scene and help students relate to the topic: Who plays video games? How ollen do you ploy? Woors your favorite game? Who has never played video games? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking ski lls Discuss the question in Exercise 1 as fI class. Havo a briof class discussion about the question in Exercise 2b. thcn play the audio. horror. Elicit suggestions to the board. heroic action. Elicit different kinds ofvidco games and write thorn on the board . too. they have an active role. Aft erwards.. Ask students to listen and check thcir answers. Then play the audio so that students can find out whether they predicted correctly. Do the same for Exercise 2c.the usc of color is fa ntastic I they involve the players in imagi native ways I in video games viewers take part. futuristi c •• 2 Listening skills Put students in pairs to match titles to games. from six to sixty.you can lind plenty of adults playing.from as young as six till they become young adults.

They are besllaughl and learned as fixed expressions.. 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) Ask studonts to match the sentence halves in Exercise 4a . with a rising intonation. etc. they are used for emphasis. 6 Vocabulary: collocations with video Lead in Write video on the board. When checking answers with the class. then get them to make it go higher and higher leven if it sounds funny!] and then lei it drop suddenly from the word is or ore !like a deflated balloon1. In sb. around the class. the speaker's voice falls to show Uwt the statement is finished. Monitor and help. Ask students to analyze the intonation. Ask students to listen and mark the rise and/or fa ll on sentonces 1 and 2. and correct as needed. help with ideas. Then nominate an individual to soya first half. Also point out the Language Note. 2 The thing I really like about them . model the activity with a good stude nt. At the end. Say the first part of the first sentence. Ask students to work in pairs to complete the statements in Exercise 4b with their own ideas. 2 The thing I really ~ke about them is the dynamism. Then compare answe rs as a class. Unilll T 115 Media . With the class. then put them in groups of four or five to share their ideas. and anolher the second half. The secret 10 gelling students to imitate a good inlOflalion pallern for Ihese sari of noun clauses is 10 get them to try 10 start with their intonation quite high. Give studonts a min ute or two to think about what they can say ahout the subjects in Exercise 5e. For Exercise 5d . Model the fi rsi half of each sentence in exercise 4b.Go through the example carefully so that students are clear about what they need to do in Exen:..ise 3c. Play the audio for Exercise 5b. discuss the qu estions in Exercise 5c . In Exercise 6a . tI Jl 5 Pronunciation: incomplete information Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Ask students how many words they can think of that collocate with video. ~ 1 Something that reatly onrecls people 1 0 video games . nominating different students to complete each sentence with their own ideas. I? Quick pronundation guide - alternative A useful way to set sludents up for exercise 5d is to start with a whole-closs drill. then get the student to complete the statement with falling intonation. Let students chuc k their an swers in pa irs before going through the answers as a class. This way you provide same whole-class practice before doing pair work. Monitor and insist on good intonation patterns. Answers: In Sa.. I\? 1 Something that really a nracls people to videa games is lhe graphics. the speaker's voice is still rising because the statement is incomp lete. and then check their answers with a partner. Monitor. ask a few students to read their sentences from Exercise 6c aloud with the class. as needed. Te ll students that they h ave to remember what the people said on the recordings. and so on. starting high. Ask studen ts in pairs to take turns starting and completing sen tences. put students in pairs to work through the exercises . Qukk grammar guide Noun clauses often contain a noun phrase and are followed by a complement When placed 01 the slart of sentences. Ask a few volunteers to read their best sentences to the class.. paint Qui the structure that all theso noun clauses follow. Write tho structure on the board: Something (tllat) + relative clouse + is/ore +compJement Th e thing (thot).

. Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::. 4 The thing(s) I really like about movies .".. 2 The thing(s) I don't like about video games 3 Something thai really annoys me about TV . Then discuss them with a partner./J .. b the action and the violence.. playing video games watching videos watching DVDs going to the movies surfing the Internet 6 Vocabulary: collocati ons w ith video a All the following words can follow video to form a collocation. find out whal your classmates like about these activities.c Replace the italic words and expressions in the sentences below with words or phrases from the lex\. (line 29) blame TV 4 People Il~i{lk TV if....I'l8' . .. Researc h 2 ffl\ BfJligBIiBl1fJ into video games and violence have not proven a connection. 1 lawn. 3 The thing I really like about them is . as in the example. 2 I often use. except two.. Use the correct intonation . 1 Something that really annoys me about these games is . [ 71 1 8 ." 4 I'd like to have . ~ 2 The thing I really like ahout them is the dynamism . Media Unit 11 .. Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::.. 6 Something that really irritates me about reality shows . S One thing that"s good about DVDs . ~ c Has the speaker finished in Exercise Sa? In Exercise 5b? What indicates this? d [n pairs._ _ _ __ _"!( c the way lhey're all so male orientated.. 1 Something thaI really attracts me to video games . Which two? camera cassette cassette record conferendng game arcade phone ~ tape theater b Check tho collocations then answer the ques tions. but split the sentences. 5 Pro nunciati on : in com p lete inform ati on Listen to the firs t part of two sentences from Exercise 4a. Which of the items in Exercise 6a would you use if you wanted: • to speak to someone and look at them at the same time'? Video phone • to make a film of your birthday party? Video camera • to take part in a discussion with colleagues in other cities or countries? Video conferencing • to go somewhere to play games? Video arcade c Complete theso sentences with a collocation from Exercise 6a so that they are true for you. and why.. ) and the complement (the dynamism): The dynamism is the thing 1 really like about them.IW ~ " r. 4 The things that may make them attractive to guys are .I . . is all the commercials. !i{ i'l p . tJifdlt:Y hcftilld such mindless acts of violence. 3 I've never used.1 1 e In groups. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games is the g raphics. (line 16) confidence 3 It is true that too many video games make you lose )'!. A Something that really annoys me about TV . b Complete these statements with your own words. 2 Something that really attracts people to video games is . P8SfJ9RfJi&!B for the increase in violence in Ollr society.... (line 37) 5 The parents were right to ~ tlie video company /8 88111'/' (line 41) motival~OQ for 6 I really can 'I understand the 1 t... [line 7) 'Y1lieo gameS tend to ie mJJYe p:JpUiay ""d:h IxryS than fflls. d the graphics... 1 Something that really attracts people to video games ?! 2 The thing I really like about them ?! Now listen to the complete sentences.. a the dynamism.I . Make any other changes necessary... 1 Video games arc uSllolly more popular with boys than girls. compare your sentences fro m Exercise 4b.. 1::::..ur ~bi/iW Iii' gp Ih. LANGUAGE NOTE We can reverse the order of the subject (the thing . (line 44) sue (suing) 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) '---a Complete the sta tements from the listening with the endings on the right.

The 22% of homes. Part 2 Then check with your teacher. whether somebody is watching it or not.you 've guessed itthe second part.4%). Only GLOSSARY dumb u a stupid person Unilll Media . how? (colloquial) read less. the most TV is Sunday. look at the information in the article and answer the questions. and that watching lV at a distance of less TV every day. which is discussed in are . It is widely believed that if we didn't ""have lV. Statistics tell us that in most countries 60% of the population h TV 'In the 2 li viD!! roomas a I 30% has one in the 3 bedroom .!!. 5 the fa ther report. based on a survey ~ecjdes what to watch and of 1. In two out of three homes with a TV (61. also suggests that if you Only in 7---..000 U. 1 How do your viewing habits (discussed in Exercise 1) compare with the article? 2 Do you find any of the facts worrying? Which onels)? 3 Are the facts in the article typical of the situation in your coun try? 4 Did TV affect your childhood relationships? If so. most people spend on only 10% of our brain average 3. the less we talk to each other._ about your TV viewing habits.:_t4.JL% of cases watch a lot of lV. look at Part 1 of an article below and try to complete it. in fact. we would talk to each other more. e In groups. then read Part 2 and compare your ideas with the next part of the article. b Compare your answers with another pair. On average. Which one? football or Soccer games. but it causes problems. we use does not watch TV. ~ave 1 2 televisions In the house. discuss thl::se questions 1ri.L % of the population their brains. In 21 % it is 6 the chil dren . 8 ~ % of th~ d All the questions from Exercise 1 are d iscussed in the most popular shows on TV first part of the article except one.>.. The same applies to talking to each other. and 13% has one in the kitchen.S. it is on all the time. which might even result in fewer divorces! TV facts Television is probably the most powerful medium of communication ever invented. Part 1 Does TV turn us into dumbos? A report just published says people who watch a lot of lV may be damaging 4 . c TV may be a good thing for some people. Many adults don't even discuss which show to watch: they just get another lV and put it in another room. most homes in the U. In and sleeplessness. lV viewers. headaches. the more lV we watch.TV or no TV? 1 Speaking ski ll s In pairs. you will does the mother decide which channel to watch Finally. It appears that when we watch lV.4 hours watching power. In which room(s) do you have a TVt Do you have the TV turned on 2 Reading skills a In pairs. List some disadvantages of TV.S. It is certainly the most popular and most widespread. too. although the than three meters can day on which people watch cause stress.

I'm not stressed out any more. Now I feel much better.. I think a very importanlthing is not to have the TV in Ihe living room . the more irritated I felt. One of the best things about . who used to be addicted to the TV but who is now one of the four per cent 0 of people who have chosen to live without TV. Host I see. we're going to talk to Maureen. met people. give a couple of examples to get students started. I watched daytime TV.quite a bit. what's your advice to people who want to cut down on TV? Maureen Well. Afterwards. •• 2 Reading skills For Exercise 2a. Useful language: Additionaloctivtty An advantage of " is . help students to make guesses al the first answer. its relaxing to walch TV after a hard day. Note that only question 6 from Exercise 1 is discussed in part 2 of the article. students in pairs or small groups to make a list of advantages of television. I've done so much since I gal rid of the television . And how about your health? Maureen Well. you'd watch less TV.. So. you know. have mare friends. but you have to be able to control what you watch.put it in another room. Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise Ze. what was so bad that it made you give up television completely? Maureen Well. I won't let it toke control of me. and after a while I got hooked on TV junk shows. find out whiGh students watch the most TV.it gave me more time. For Exercise 3 on page 117 !II Host We've talked about addiction a lot before.I've found a new job. same programs are very educational. I used to feelli red and irritable all the lime. [f necessary. rt you hod to go to another room to switch Ihe TV on. If students need more help you could write some of the answers 011 the board as they do the exercise. (For example. ask for lots of guesses before revealing the actual answers. I used to juSI watch TV now and again in the evenings.. I'd be able to do more with my life. When you elici t answers from students in Exercise 2b.addiction 1 the TV. No more TV." I gave the TV away and my life changed . so I went to my doctor. I listen to music a lot more . I thought. without revealing which blan k they go in. 'That's it. Elicit answers fro m the class and note a few good ideas on the board.Objectives Grammar Topic: watching TV Vocabulary television genres Reading Ustening a radio phone-in Speaking conditionals extrocts from magazines discussing TV viewing habits. and he said that if I watched less TV. and on Sundays. people ea/ TV dinners). not at all. If I ever get a TV again. people don'//alk. after a year or so I reali zed that il wasn't healthy. For example. Ask some pairs or groups to present their ideas to the closs. If I still had a TV. like most people. Host So you decided 10 do something aboul it? Maureen Yes. Host How did your life change exactly? You stopped watching TV? Maureen Exactly . find another iob. First. Ask. planning a TV schedule 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 1. I iust used to lie on the sofa all day doing nothing. The more surfing through channels I did. but then I lost my iob four years ago. But most important is to control the TV. but today we're going 10 talk about a different kind of addiclion . The articles present a pretty negative view of TV. Maureen. 56'~---------------------------------------------------------. and use il! Media T 116 Unit 11 . For Exercise Zc. I'm so embarrassed to think about it now. I would never have discovered the pleasures of reading. If I hod all these digital channels to choose from now. and I was at home all day. learn where the ·off" switch is. explain that the answers rely on students' own general knowledge and guesswork. Maureen. and if I hadn't stopped watching TV. There's some very good stuff on TV. is. Ask if any thing surprises students. Host So. and I couldn't do that. don't let il control you. Host So you think that TV is all bad? Maureen No. I'd have less time to do things. So. I think I'd go crazy. well. is Another good thing about .

. Quick grammar guide: condmonals Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Additional activity Find and photocopy a page from on English-language lV listings page. You will need to monitor the "pair-choosing" carefull y. 4 Grammar review: conditionals Read through the example carefully as a class so that students are clear about the task. When students h ave finished. Then give students three or four minutes to thjnk up and w ri telheir own sentences. thon chock in pairs. IUncle Bob speokingJ II is.. students need to differentiate between the first conditional. If I will-win. I'd cullaxes. Let them c heck in pairs before discussing them as a class. where the condition is unreallLe. The audioscripl for Track 56 is on page n16 It Unitll T 117 Media . Note: hooked on = obsessed with @ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Choose one which lists the title of the program and describes its content. improbable or impossiblel. I would hove said hello. Monitor and encourage st udents to speak. Ask students to sit down with their partner. of 8 name for their channel. Have students briefly share answers in the class and find out who wrote the best schedule . When eliciting answers from the class. Ask students to complete the statements. however.. Let studen ts complete Exer cise 4a indi vidually. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exerc ise 4b. but cou ld also be no ws or curront affairs. then check answers in pairs. In terms of use. Then ask Answers: The top p icture is of the American sitcom Friends. 6 Speaking ski lls Ask students to decide what kind of channel from the list they wou ld like to design programs for. and then elicit answers from the class. I will be happy. For example: If I become Presidenl. T he other p icture is of Fid el Castro being interviewed.. Give them 10 minutes to p lan and write out their TV schedu le on a sheet of paper. 5 Vocabu lary: television Read th rough the words in the list in Exercise students to match the words to the pictures. 1'1/ reduce laxes.•• 3 Listening skills Give students a minute to briefly d iscuss the statements in Exerc ise 3a in pairs. Common probtems and enors Students get the form wrong. Model the activity in Exercise 4c by eliciting or providing two or three possible sentences. IPresidential candidate speokingl If I were Presidenl. and aile or two pairs may have to compromise. t . They often try to express the ideo of the subjunctive In the conditional clouse by using will or would. ask a few individuals to tell you their best sentences. where the condition is possible. ask them to show their schedu le to two or three other pairs in the class and talk about it with them. In terms of form that students make most errors. The n ask them to stand up and find another student in the class w ho has chosen the same channel. Ask students to scan the lV page and find examples of the different types of program listed in exercise Sa . Photocopy enough copies for everyone in the closs. has a bette r life. Ask them to think. modeling stress and pronunciation. and reads more (3 and 4). •• . 50 . If I weflo!g 1:Je'¥~ seen you. Answers: 1 and 2 were true of Mauree n in the past. Put students ill pairs to share their ideas. and the second conditional. Now sho has more friends . Divido students into groups of four or five to do Exercise 5h . Ask students to liston and comp lete the task. It looks like a talk show.

we would talk to each other more. Which of the statements were true of Maureen in the past? Wh ich are true now? Listen again and complete Maureen's statements. focus on entertainment Channel 2: public service channel. 4 Grammar review: conditionals a Read these conditional sentences and write post. Then discuss them in pairs. Listen to Maureen talking about her TV viewing habits. present .3 Listening skills a Some people are really "hooked" on TV. 1 If you stopped watching TV. 1 . prese/lt. to choose from 5 If [ ever gel a TV again. I wou ld have read (read) more books. 4 If your child continues (continue) to watch too much TV. . 5 [wou ld have gone oul with you last night if they badn'l shown (not showl Big Brother! c Make conditional sentences lLsing these phrases. and possible or unreal by them. 1 They"re hooked on TV junk shows.. eg. I. likes to broadcast new. (/uluJ<e. he said that if [watched less TV. future . 3 If the chann els showed (show) more documentaries.If . Media Unit 11 .ch {. Top of c Compare your schedule with other pairs. Choose from one of these channels.m. yo u are going to design TV programming for an evening for one channel. present. they'd read more. caters for all ages. unreal 3 If I had a TV. to 1 :30a. 3 If [ hadn't stopped watching TV. Note the program type and an example of the show for each time slot.. caters for people aged 16-35. .I didn't M--ve a TV m the fed. focus on education and information Channel 3: public service channel. p:mUe) 1 If you watch a lot of TV. I'd be .:rwm. possible 2 If we didn't have TV. possible b Now complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. or future.k Pops teen. 5 They surfchaflncls a lot while they're watching TV.. he will become isolated. 6 Speaking skills a In pairs. from 6:00p. 2 They often lie on the sofa all day doing nothing but watching TV. tends toward common interests such as sports and musi c b Plan a rriday evening's TV schedule. you will read less. 4 0 """'''1. 4 If they sold the TV. 5 Vocabul ary: television a Look at the two pictures on this page and find the kinds of shows they represent from the list helow. different programs Channel 4: commercial channel. Channel 1: commercial channel. I'd have less lime!o do mo re. you would suffer (suffer) deprivation symptoms. think of the most popular eXflmple in your country of each category of TV sbow.I'd 'ltaf. future. caters for all ages. [n pairs. past .m. lalk show currenl affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show b [n groups. you may damage your eyes.age ?> ut£<C f'YO:J'"am. unreal 4 I'd have gone out more if I hadn't had a TV. I would watch more TV. less TV. they'd have more friends and a better life. caters for people over 30. hie 2 If [ still had a TV. have a TV in the bedroom appear on TV be addkted to (show name) waste time watching TV . I would watch it every night. discuss whether these statements are true of anyone yOll know. 2 If I hadn 't watched so much TV as a child. 3 If they watched less TV.. I won't let iltake control of me. unreal 5 I'll watch more TV if I get digital channels.:OD-7:00 /.. Choose the best schedule for the class. If you sit close to the TV.

the classifieds. in pairs. In pairs. 3 What was the headline on the front page? 4 Was the report sensational or factual? 5 Were there any scandal or gossip reports? 6 Does this newspaper have a large circulation? 7 Which section of Ihe newspaper did you read in mosl detail? Sections: national news. 2 How many are tabloids/broadsheets? 3 Whal sect ions can probably be found in each of them? 4 Who is the main audience for each one? (young people. (For example. sports .) 2 Task a One of the crit icisms of some newspapers is that they do not respect people's privacy. 3 Prepare In groups. say whether you agree or disagree with these opinions and why. or think of your own ideas. Then.. You may use the points in Exercise 2b and rewrite them so they reflect your opinion. 1 How many major newspapers are there in your country? . )ocalnews. international news. a politician who is having an affair. conservat ives. middle/lower economic groups. crime reports.. editorials. decide on four "golden rules" of conduct for journalists. entertainment b Now discuss newspapers in general in your country. 1 Newspapers have a duty to publish anything they think is in the public interest. 1 Was il a tabloid or broadsheet newspaper? 2 What was the lead story about? Report the main points 10 your partner. 4 Famous people are usually secretly pleased that newspapers write about them . 5 Any kind of spying on famous people by newspaper reporters should be banned. Unill l Media .it shows that they are still important. 3 The public has a right to know every detail about the lives of fam ous or important people. even if it reveals private information abo ut people. business people. How do newspapers breach people's privacy? Who is usually affected by breaches of privacy? b You are going to draw up a code of conduct on privacy for newspapers. discuss the questions with reference 10 the last newspaper you read. 6 Newspapers which publish inaccurate reports about famous people should be fined and banned from publishing the reports. etc.) 2 Any person who is in the public eye has to expect media interest.1 Warm up a Check th e words and phrases in italic in a dictionary or with your teacher. liberals. social events. reader comments..

Introduce !he topic 1 Warm up Ask students to road through the questions in Exercise 1a and check the vocabulary. However. people in the news for other reasons. Put students in pairs to read the opinions in Exercise 2b and decide whether they agree with them or not. Have a brief class discussion of the answers. active and passive Speaking presenting ideas for a code of conduct If you can.Objectives Topic: newspapers and privacy Writing a code of conduct Grammar modal verbs. small ads on the inside pages edilOfials '" newspaper articles in which the editor gives the newspaper's opinion on on issue in the news Vocabulary 2 Task Have a brief class discussion.pop and movie stars. 3 Prepare Put students in groups of fou r to wri te their "golden rules. going through your garbage: taking photos with powerful lenses on beaches or in bedrooms.g. Elicit an explanation of breach le. and neighbors. sports stars. bring in two or three different English languoge newspapers.'S? You could use the newspapers 10 elien and/or explain the words In italics in exercise 1 a. The people usuall y affected arc well-known people . such as doctor's records. such as the victims of crime or lottery winners. to breach privacy). following people. politicians. Suggested answeres: Newspapers breach privacy by: interviewing ex-friends. Put students in pairs to ask and answer the questions. Divide tho class into groups of fo ur or five to d iscuss the questions in Exercise l b . etc. Media T 118 Unit 11 . going through private records." Monitor and help with vocabulary. TV celebrities. Show them 10 students and pass them around the class. •• tabloid = newspaper with small pages and sensational staries broadsheet'" newspaper with big pages and serious stories lead story '" the main story on the frool page classifieds '" short. ex-partners. are also affected. and elicit ideas in answer to the questions in Exercise 28 . Bri ng a newspaper 10 class to hel p you point oul and explain di fficult vocabulary. Ask What are the names of the newspapers? What kind of newspapers do you think they ore? What stories are fronl page and back page nev.

which is why there were all the problems -that newspaper had an exclusive.~ . here in the United States 01 least. bull don't think we need to focus on that case too much. o I agree. in some places. A But you have to be invited . Ask the rest of the class to take notes about what each speaker says. I really don't want that. on her suHering.s. 5 Compare ~ Play the audio for Exercise Sa.. Not true. A I'm more concerned about ordinary people. like Britain. 6 Follow up Put students in groups of four to draw up their own code of conduct. if famous people are at a restaurant or somewhere.you're unlikely to get pictures of a wedding unless you're inside the church or you use a telephoto lens. but that example of Princess Diona after her cor crash. so of course we can toke and print pictures of that. They say that in some places. I think so . so pictures of the funeral are okay. They say that they can take and print pictures of close-ups with telephoto lenses in the u. even of close-ups with telephoto lenses. I Of course. I think we can all agree that our first rule is that we do not invade the privacy of people who are sick or dying. A Okay. Chris Martin of Co/dp/a. B Another thing . We have to look at improving things ourselves or the government will impose new rules on us. A look. and as a newspaper editor myself.the event is in a public place. oren'tthey? So. Do you agree? e yes. Put students in pairs to read the descriptions in Exercise 5c and find the throe mistakes. We've only agreed that we can't have pictures of sick people or of people who are grieving..a lot of people think that the ormy shouldn't have gone out there. we're not getting very far. and t do not wont my newspaper to be sued ! C Of course not. Answers: They say thai because the photo of Princess Diana was taken in France. but it was taken in France. so the photographer was allowed to toke it. ask students to complete the descriptions and play the audio again . The photographer had taken close-ups of her crying. LeI's start. they're happy occasions. o You mean the one of her in the car after it hod crashed? That was terrible. but not close-ups of grieving relatives.what about pictures of famous people's weddings and things like that? I mean. B Okay. that was just sick. the photographer was allowed to take it. they're not like funerals. o Mmm. Unilll T 11 9 Media .at his funeral. I agree. I'm a photographer and I believe in freedom to toke the pictures I wont. photographers can't take pictures in restaurants. Ask students to listen and answer the question . I completely agree with tha t./? He anaclced a photographer.4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to read their main points aloud. Not true. Elicit the best ideas from each group to build up a class code of conduct on the board. they're in public. I think. Remember the pictures of the wedding of Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas? They sued the newspaper over that. We'd bener get on . There were some pictures token recently of the widow of a soldier . . but I think they had a deal with another newspaper. using a telephoto lens. rather than the pictures was token? A Yes. yes? C As you know. well. Then put the groups together again to complete their code of conduct. B Yes. C DiHicult . Not true. I think thars on intrusion on her grief. No one should be allowed to print that. B Isn't the issue that it was printed. you also have to be careful who you take you know that singer. A I think you'Ulind that was because his wife was pregnant and didn't wont to have photographs taken. photographers can't take pictures there. In Exercise 5b. but that was public interest . like Britain. Mario. defnitely.restaurants are really private places that open up to a few people at a time. BID Yeah. We're all here to discuss a few problems we've hod recently with breaches of people's privacy. but not of people in this case? A Yes. but what about famous people? I mean.

trespassing on pnvate property. What were they? d Do you know the laws on press and privacy in your country? Ifnot. 4 Feedback a Choose the three main points of your code of conduct on the press and privacy. '-- 6 Follow up a In groups. Present them to the rest of the class.ing the law.. Which aspect are the people talking about? photographer. ·vate bOat standing on the deck of a po ' are alloWed· United States standing in public piCtures of someone balcony plainly view.. and privacy Listen again. The people in the discussion made three mistakes when discussing these laws.. france herS could be sued for taking PhOtograp.. widowlfuneral... can you guess? . Complete the descriptions of the four pictures... laws exist. for example o~ra sidewalk.. her car crash. . a restaurant/a IJUblic place..... 5 Compare Listen to a discussion about another aspect of newspapers and privacy. 1 a picture of Princess Diana after . wedding.. you may be txea\<. draw up two or three ideas for a code of conduct for press photographers. The people give four examples of pictures that intrude on people's privacy. c Look at the descri ptions of the laws relating to photographing people in some countries.~d ven "private places" includes cars an e publiC areas· ItalV doO even of people PiCtures taken out rs. However. z a picture of a soldier's ... bUt photographerS No prnacy d for harassment or may be sue . b Compare your ideas with other groups and pul together a class code of conduct . are visible from a pu Ie . 3 pictures of famous people in . Make a note of ideas from other groups.1<>1"''= VYithOUt consent. pictures in private ... b Combine all the ideas you agree with to make a complete code of conduct for journalists reporting on the lives of the rich and the famous. If yOU use raph lenS ard a IaC\def to protog ~=~ in his backyard. a permissible.. 4 pictures of two actors· .

Negative: We haven't been watching much TV recently. I'd move to a new house.) To express duration (often with a time phrase): I've been writing this essay for three hours. an apartment. We do not use the progressive to talk about the number of actions/times we have done something. These noun clauses take a complement and can come either before or after the verb.) Note the difference between the simple and the progressive he. suctJ as Iva. see Page 46 (first and second conditionals) and Page 56 (third conditionaQ. 1 2 Noun clauses NOlI1 clauses otten COfItoo a relative clause. e. We use the simple: Us. I'll take over. wet weather. 1) to talk about unlikely events/situations in the present or Mure We've watched three French movies this week. ou've been drivin You've driven for hours. - firishOO. One thing I really like to eat in the winter is a good." o<fut"'" Fo"" if + present + wiIf + infinitive We've docorated this room. Sony about the mess. n /t:xJks much better now. emphasis to the complement: a continuing TV series abOut the imaginary lives of a group of people soap opera 2 TV programs that do not use real actors but show ordinary people doing ordinary things reality TV we are adding The thing I really like ebout Thailand is the food. To talk about a series of actions. Cold. hot soup is one thing I really like to eat in the winter. I'm going to go home now. Third conditional Us. would/could/might + infinitive It\Ie've decorated this room. work and study: Hi&y has attended I has been attencfng this sdKXJI for (\AI() )'EIa'S. 3 Where have you been~ calii?J I've been calling you at least ten times. Vocabulary Summary 1 Collocations with video video game arcade video camera video game video phone video recorder video tape video cassette video cassette recorder video conferencing 1 I've been working (. rNe've just we could call for help.1Q: 3 Conditionals For more information on each conditional. 2) If I h ad my cell phone. hot soup. fNe haven't finished yet. 4 I've waited (I've been waiting for Charlie for ages. If we place the noun dause before the verb.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect progressive Use To talk abrut an action or activity that started i1 the past and is still contim. 5 It's snowed ~ ~II night and it stiD hasn't stopped. fNe've finished. hl!!O!!th ---. 1) If I got lhejob. the activity: Second conditional We've been watching a lot of foreign movies recently. to talk about imaginary (unreaQ events/situations in the past Fomo if + past perfect + wouIeJ/couIdImight + have + past participle Fo"" have + been + -4ng verb Affirmative: We 've been watching 8 lot of TV recently. wet weather is something that rooJly de{Yesses me. Something that really depresses me is cold. 3 a place wheI'a you can play video games in machines by putting mooey in them video game arcade 4 a TV comedy sefies that takes place in a particular situation. buth " ed io th~ 2 You must be tired. It is rTlClt9 neutral to put them after the verb: The food is the thing I realty like about Thailand. Ouestiofl: Have you been watching much TV recentty? Choose t he correct tonn of the verb.. . e. I might have finished the book earlier. We've been decorating. :J~~~~!£!~ e 'library all summer. an office sitcom 5 a TV show in which well-known people are intefViewed talk show 6 a TV show that has a number of different acts. 2 TV shows talk show current affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show Match these definitions with a word or phrase from t he lists in 1 and 2. A good. The progressive suggests that the action was VfJly recently finished: 2) to talk about impossible events/situations in the present Fo"" if + past. but the focus is ()(l If we get a DVD pJayet.) We can use both the siTl>Ie and progessive with rK) change in ITIEHling with some verbs thaI have a sense of oontiluatoo.g .g. or write both jf both forms are possible. we 'll watch more movies at home.. First conditional Us. If I ha d had a oomputer. to talk abOut events/situatiOns whiCh are possible in the present We've b800 deconlting this room. singers and comedians variety show Unilll Media . We can use both the present perfect smpIe and progressive to talk about actioos with a result n the present.

but mostly I write translations. I use different techniques: a picture. I usually write an example of the words or phrases and the other helpful technique I use is to divide language into topic areas. . Japan . By "nice" I mean vocabulary that interests me like idioms. b In pairs. vocabulary. have to see a word written down if I want to remember it. Hungary . and punctuation of the paragraphs. Add any other techniques to the list that you think may be useful. But this is often difficult because there are a lot of meanings for one wordthat frustrates me. so I show the main stress and write in phonetics .z z C) ~ Working with vocabulary 1 Reviewing techniques for recording vocabulary a Are you making the most of your vocabulary learning potential? Write down the two Of three ways you most commonty record new vocabulary. Give your partner the final version of the paragraph you wrote in Unit 10 about the importance of reading. Put a check next to the effective techniques. What practical advice would you give them? I would tell Keisuke to think about the general meaning of a new word before he looked it up in a dictionary.that is a big help. or an opposite.. My teacher calls me "the detective" because I love trying to guess words from context. I never use any of them. . Review your action plan: editing your written work ~ . And I do . I do use my English dictionary. Chile c In pairs. Media Unit 11 . But I"m not doing English only for my work! I remember words and phrases from songs or interesting texts . . c Discuss the techniques as a class. . . you know. I write the date at the top of the page and make a list of all the new vocabulary I learn that day. Underline any ideas you didn't include.. I have a notebook that I only use for vocabulary and I'm very organized. When I come across new vocabulary I ask my teacher or I look It ' up in my bilingual dictionary. That's important if you want to be able to use the language. and phrases. holidays. I always try to put new language into use as soon as I can. . That would help him find the exact meaning more quickly and he wouldn't feel so frustrated. or any ideas lor improving the organizaHon. . 2 Expanding your repertOire of techniques a Read the four case studies above again and underline the techniques they mention. stuff like that. I guess.. Helena Heinemann. That's just the way my mind works. either. a::: ::::> >- o b LOOk at what these students below say about how they record new vocabulary. I'm not very organized about keeping vocabulary although I'm always very careful about including information about the grammar of a word or phrase . work. Keisuke Katsura. . Correct pronunciation is very important for me too. grammar. I like repeating things aloud as well. .. Germany _ L-__ PLAN C> Your action plan: working with vocabulary Put your list from Exercise 2c into action tomorrow. a synonym. Yes. . I enjoy writing them down although to be honest. and I also use highlighter pens. it will be very hard to find the correct definition when you look in a dictionary. o -' > UJ o UJ 0. I am pretty clear about what language I want to learn. talk about the list you have made with your partner. It's kind of a hObby.. . Read it and check any Ideas that you suggested in your paragraph. I've never had a special notebook for vocabulary. Oh. the family. an adverb. discuss which students are not making the most of their opportunities to learn vocabulary. I'm going to buy a cheap notebook and copy everything into that. but only lor very ' difficult expressions. I enjoy fill-in exercises and I prefer a bilingual dictionary so that I'm sure I've understood something. spelling. Ference Lukacs. Ana Ramos. Most of my techniques are probably ' considered "traditional".. and so on.. Which person do you resemble most? Discuss any questions you have. I copy the phrases into a special notebook. You'll also make yourself a better language learner in the process! Note: bring any new vocabulary entries to the class at the end of Unit 12.recording if something is a phrasal verb.I enJoy read ing in English and underline "nice" expressions. I'm an engineer and keep a notebook just for that area of my English. I had a great teacher who once told me that if you don't think about the meaning of new vocabulary in context. Make a list of the techniques you would like to try. collocations. Experiment with new ideas and you will find new techniques that suit the way you like to learn.

How else can you place peop le in class levels. compare your opinions about the statements. so how can b In pairs. 1 What's the best experience you have ever had in an exam? 2 What's the worst experience you have ever had in un exam? 3 What havo your experiences with English exams been like? Ii You have to take tests. I 1 failed il! I only 2 scored/got seven out of 25._1 and work harder on weak arCaS.all these 8 examsltesls are killing mol really nervous.which means that I So much depends dOll" have to 6 retake that part of the course. Hey. Some st udents forge t everything they've studied the moment a test is over. which really wasn't fair because \'\10 haven '. That means you can build on . award certificates and above all. You find v "" ~~ \ about your strong and your weak points. Use the words and phrases in the box 10 complete the blanks you could not fill.gth.Unit12 Looking ahead lesson 1 Which exam? 1 Vocabulary: tests a Try to complete this cOllversat ion between two science students. Usc one or more words in each blank.en. decide who should continue in future studies or get a good job? o Tests gi ve you an idea of how you are progressing. compare your opinions. We were 3 teslfld Oil molor functions. Thai reminds me I have to go now. so tests are really pointless. c In pairs. Unil 12 . We have a really tough biology lest tomorrow so I'd bettor get home and 7 reyiew [Of it! Tests make some people feel J hato May and June .t. discuss these questions. A So did you pass that science test? B No. Have you used the same words as in the box? exams/ tests grade take/do review for scored/got tested on failed retake do your best under that kind of pressure? 2 Speaking skills Do you agree with these statements in the speech bubbles about tests? Write A (agree). didn't you 4 !llke your lab practica!s last week? A Yeah! And thankfully I got II good 5 grade . b In class. covered that yet. So only tho theory on the day and how you now. speaking of lests. NS (not sure) or D (disagree) by each one.

and writing. There's a g lossary. 2 Speaking skills Ask students to listen and read . reading. almost. Yep. Student B Excuse me.remember. Are ... For example. and gel students 10 odd others. Anybody remember whallhol is? Student A Sure! It's Ihal tesl lhat foreign sludenls take to show their English is okay. Sa you have to wo rk quickly. speaking.. as you kn ow. . . you could use these questions. you will be given three passages 10 read and. Now. ... of course. Now. okay for what? Student A To show their English is good enough to sludy in on American college.. Sa lers go on to the individual papers. to do a class survey. too. Let them check in pairs and then work in pairs to check and complete Exercise 13 with the words in the box in Exercise l b. Afterwards.test. First.. and find out how students really feel about exams. nole-taking will help you remember what you want to soy or wri te . and ask students to write whether they agree or disagree with them. Teacher Yes.. Student C Thanks. are the texts long? . Student 0 What kind of passages are there? Teacher Well. how . Ihot kind of thing.. Ask students to interview each other. there's another very useful feature in this test. now in Ihe reading seclion.Objectives Vocabulary fests Topic: exams (the TOEFl) Reading on exam leaflet Ustening an informal tolk Speaking agreeing and disagreeing with statements Ask a few personalized questions to get students storied. a . Teacher Uh. one that you do on paper. and each porl tesls one of the four skills: listening. where were we? Oh. lers . ask two or three individuals to summarize for the class what their partner told them. all th e words thai may be difficult are explained for you. and shore their answers with the closs. Apart from the note laking. lers go on looking ahead T 122 Unit 12 .S. note suggestions. For Exer cise 4 on page 123 ':IiI Teacher Okay. You could extend the closs discussion following exercises 2a and 2b by asking further questions: Additionol activity What do/can you do to prepare yourself for exams? What canldo you do to ovoid being too nervous or under too much pressure? If we don't take tests. Teacher Right! Student B And you lake the lest online. righl? Student C And there's also a . 58~------------------------------------------------------. who! other ways are there of deciding who should pass a course or graduate? What sort of tests work best? How can we make tests less pointless and more useful? Alternatively. let's start wi th Ihe different sec tions of Ihe lest. orticles you would find in an academic textbook or journot . Ihe lesl is in four sections. So the passages ore typical of the kind of Ihing you would see if you were sludying in the Stoles. how many words? Teacher Good question -the lexls a re prelly long between 650 and 750 words. righl? . And one more thing. TOEFl is designed to tesl if non-native speakers ore ready to to ke courses in English-speaking colleges in Ihe U. so thaI's good news for testlakers. thars called a ' paper-based. you will be asked 10 complete comprehension questions. You can complete il on the same day. When did you losl take a test? What was if a lest on? How did you do? What sort aftest do you like to take? 00 you get nervous when you lake tests? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: tests Ask students to fead the conversation quickly and guess which words afe missing. A very positive feature is Ihal you can toke notes throughout the test .. I want to begin the closs by lolking a lillie more about the Internet-based TOEFl. Er. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 2e. Okay. t'li begin with reading.one hour per section.. Encourage lots oftalking. yes. you 're bolh right. we're going to look at Ihe Internel-based TOEFl. Have a class discussion of the answers. Read Qut statements 1 to 4 in the speech bubbles on the page. how long is the lest? Teacher The 10101 examination lasts aboul lour hours . Now as most of you already know. To show Iheir English is okay.

first in groups and then as a class. ~~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------.g. But to fol low a conversation isn't always enough. Tasks: 6 (2 conversations. You also have to be able to. or other exams thai your students may be planning to take. Student A And how many different listening tasks are the re? Teacher There ore two conversations and lour lectures. . listening. Canada. you have to understa nd whot he or she already said before. draw attention to the Glossary. 5 Independent questions ask t. right? Students Yeah. Britai n.. integrated questions requi. They are based on how things happen in the real world.. Britain. speaking 4 It mirrors the way English is lIsed for commwlicative purposes in the real world. Canada. let's say you've been asked to listen to a dia logue between a professor and a college student Now this is a situati on you might find yourself in. uh . Play the audio for Exercise 4b. 6 2 4 Listening ski lls Ask students to read the notes in Exercise 4a carefully. have a brief discussion.you are given four opti ons. Then play the audio. The oudioscript for Track 58 is on page T122 Pi. and predict wha t might be the answe rs.. using th e notes in exercise 48 as a model. Ask students to listen and complete the noles. 10 predict what Ihe speake r is going to soy next To do this. uh. which wi ll be similar to those that you wil l hear in real academic s ituations. remembe r this is 0 test to see how you would do in an academic environment. (real academic si tuations) range of native-speaker accen ts: US.3 Reading skills For Exercise 3<1 . anticipate . If neccessary. yeah? So you must be able to fo llow a conversati on like this. the "real wo rld"? Teacher Well. You have to pick the correct option. Ask students to take notes. how do you test thot I can predict? Teacher Wait a second. They may know or guess some answers.. Britain. Lei them check their notes in pairs. Unit 12 T 123 looking ahead . to find out what students know about the TOEFL. Ask students to read through the questions in Exe rcise 3b carefully. (e. predicting what speaker is going to say) Exercise 4c is an opportunity to have a question and answer session aboul the TOEFL exam. Australia.est-takers to talk about topics they are familiar with and can answer from personal knowledge and experience. irll be okay. Suggested answer: listening section: conversations and lectures. Answers: 1 paragraph 1 2 paragraph 2 3 paragraph 2 4 paragraph 2 5 paragraph 3 6 paragraph 4 Ask students to skim the test to locate the answers in Exercise 3c. Then give them one minute to find answers to the questions in the tex\. But they ore all the kind of thing you would nor ma lly hear if you were livi ng a nd studying in the U. Student C That sounds tricky. Student C Does tha t mean six different liste ning tasks!? Teacher Yeah. Student C What do you mean. Okoy. so you are liste ning to the conversati on and th en it suddenly stops and you ore as ked what will come next . If so. I'm just coming to thot. We'll be looking 01the d ifferent sons of thi ngs you need to do in the exam so your students will be well prepared for the test So relax.. pa rticularly from the United States.-Teacher Now. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class.!'e candidates to combine two or three skills. it's really not. Then have them read in detail. lers go on 10 the listening section. 4 lectures) based on: how things bappen in real world. of course. let me give yo u a n example: lers soy. T eacher No.s. Six. Answers: 1 Non-native speakers o f English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment (colleges and universities) 2 4 3 Reading. lell them to note them in pencil. and Australia. In the listening test you will hea r conversotions and lectures. right Teacher So tha t is what I mean by -real world: Okay. The record ings will include a range of nativespeake r accents. uh. writing. Their goal is to find cenoin specific information quickly. Scanning Set a shan time limit for e xercise 3b because this is a scanning task Students should scan through the text un til they find the answers. Student B But how do you tesllhat? I mean. okay? So if you were studying in an Ame rican college. you'd have to go to lectures and toke notes.

(engfh of feds. isn'.3 Reading skills a Vou are going to mad pari of a loaflet on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL).750 wQrd~ Jte!p g<Ven <>L 6 glOssa ry - English language proficiency is tested in four separate sections: Reading. The independent task requires testtakers to write approximately 300 words about a topic of which they have knowledge or personal experience. In this section candidates are tested on their ability to communicate successfully in an academic environment. 5 - 650 . discuss anything you have heard about the exam. The CST is the Computer Based TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language. the idea behind this is that the approach mirrors the way English is used for communicative purposes in the real world. In addition. What is the speaking section like? 3 c Think about everything you have learned about the TOEFL: would you tako it? If so. why not? Find other people in the class who would like to take the test and find out why. Complete the notes taken by a teacher. Testtakers speak into a microphone to record their answers. they may be asked to read a short text on a related subject and then record their answer. The four integrated questions require candidates to use a combination of two or three skills. It is an English language proficiency test taken by non-native speakers of English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment. For example. types of questions: independent and integrated. What happens in the writing section? 4 ti' b Tho teacher trainer then ta lks about tho listening section of the test. Ustening. In the integrated task test-takers will be asked to read a short text and then listen to a college-level lecture on an academic topic before writing a response to what they have heard of 150225 words. why? If not . and Speaking. In which paragraph would you expect to find the answer 10 each question? Who is the exam for? How many parts are there in the test? What does TOEFL test? What is an illtegralod+skills approach to losting? 5 What is the difference between an independent and an integrated speaking tas k? 6 How many pioces of writing uro there? 1 2 3 4 c Read the leaflot carefully and answer the questions in Exercise 3b. In addition. 4 Listening skills ~ a You arc going to listen to an Englisb teacher trainer talking to her teachers about the TOEFL. What is th e reading section like? 5 In this section test -takers are required to GLOSSARY pinpoint discover exactly whnt something is mirror (vb) reflect looking ohead Unil12 . II's the exam YOII take when YOll lI'ont to study A brief introduction to the TOEFL CST What is the TOEFL CBT and what does it do? 1 at a college in the States.testtakers are required to combine different skills in order to complete different tasks. Writing. This is called an integrated-skills approach to testing. the test-takers are given results which help them pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses. Put simply. In groups . if? b Look through lho leaflet very qu ickly. personal. This time lake your own notes on what the leacher trainer says. It assists colleges and universities in admitting and then placing non-native speaking students within their courses. or academic needs. whether for professional. The two independent questions ask testtakers to talk about topics they are familiar with and will be able to answer from their personal knowledge and experience . They are required to answer two different In the writing section test-takers have to complete two pieces of written work: an independent and an integrated task. Test-takers need to demonstrate not only that they know the content but also that they can organize it. Please note that this test can also be taken in a paper-based form. In this test the skills are not tested in isolation . This helps English students and their teachers identify the particular skills they need to improve in order to be ready to lake an academic course in an English-speaking environment. In the real world people almost always combine different skills when they communicate. What is tested and how is it tested? 2 . they may be asked to listen to part of a lecture and then record their answer.

Any good school will be happy to tell you about its teachers and their qualifications. If you have any further questions. especially about personal problems. ~ 4 I'd like t get take a high grade on an examination ike the TOEFL.I.time course@)t 0 11 history and work at the same time. go online and check out the fees of a number of schools. are required to have medical insurance. books. r r r GLOSSARY cross a h urd le deal with a problem so that you can go on to do something successfully be bro ke (informal) have no money do something 2417 (informal) do it all the time.On with English! 1 Vocabulary: further edu cation a Choose the correct word or words to comp lete the sentences. '!flake SUn> . Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few weeks. Studying abroad is very exciting but it can be stressful as students cope with cultural changes and speak English 2417. The schooL So what should you look for? That depends on you. Greg Scott Director of Studies English @ San Francisco g.com Sports and sociaL program Studying English is not limited 10 the classroom. 8 I'd like to take a parI.S.(iiiaiO?>nsomething to do with man ement. Good schools should offer th is facility.. travel to and from school and. discuss the following. food.! 3 I'd like 10 finish .. or hopes of further education. they should also be qualified to teach English. In groups.s. On top of tuition and fees. What else do you need to do before you pack your bags? Visas If you arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. 2 I'm hoping to pass into ~ntery graduate program. 2 Reading skills a Imagine that you have the opportunity to study English in a college in the United States. 24 hours. me. So you've finally persuaded your parents or employer to let you go for a month to study English? Congratulations! That's the first hurdle crossed . are true now. Above all. remember that it's important to stay somewhere where you will be happy. Accommodation Why not stay WI th a host familv if you want to expenence Amencan home life? Ot herwise. seven days a weok Unit12 lOOking ahead . Good schools offer a wide range of optional activities to help you ma ke new friends. Don't go for the cheapest room if it means that you'll never meet anyone and get Counselors It is crucial that the school provides each student with a counselor .scottoengllshatsanfranos(O. or could become t rue for y Oll . To obtain an E1 depressed. Add any extra ideas to your list. of course.S . what SlOpS most students who would like to study abroad? 2 What possible solutions are there to these hurdles? 3 Woul d y ou like to study English abroad? If you could. please e-mail I Money If you don't have a clear idea of what a course can cost." a""il' b Read the article below quickly to see how many of your ideas are mentioned. Do you want to be in a big school (500+ students) or a small one (under 50)? Do you want lessons that are formal or informal? Does the school offer a range of different classes so that you can pick and choose classes to meet your needs? Student Visa go to your local U. If you study at English@San Francisco. ~"fJ . Consulate or Embassy with a completed 1-20 Form along with your passport and an Affidayjt of financial Support Medical insurance All students studying in the U. b Check the sentences that were true.enough ~ to pay fay c Use the ideas above to tell your partner about your experience. c Imagine you are interested in studying English in the U.. Read the article more carefully and ta ke notes on the advice that you think is important fo r you. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. 1 In your coun try.S. you must apply on arrival. 6 I need to get goo rade notes in science subjects. In addition.S" you will not be admitted to the country.someone to give help and advice to them. and generally have a good time. Then compare your notes with a partner.. Did yo u think the same information was important? d In class. 7 I'm doing a career ~gf~i n biochemistry. 1 I'm planning I~I make a course in business admi~0?ation.9 !J stud engi neering. plans. entertainment. write a list of five things you need to think about before you go. add accommodation. Le. or stay in a st udent dorm. We offer all of the services above and more. learn about different aspects of the United States./de . The teachers Personal qualities are very important in a teacher. the options are to rent your own apartment. what would the benefits be? ha"tl!. you certainly won'tY regret it. 5 If I arr&:Qc~erled ~ entered into a university in the U.

ask students to read the article and check and add to their list.s. At the end. •• 1 Vocabulary: further education Ask students to choose the correct word in Exercise la . and then have a brief class discussion. Let them check what they found in their groups. In Exercise 2b. Ask other grou ps if they have anything interesting to add. looking ahead T 124 Unil12 . a Web page Writing a formal e-mail requesting information Speaking discussing further education Ask students a few personalized questioos. Ask students to read the article more closely for Exercise 2c and underline or write down information that is relevant to them... Ask Which language schools look interesting and why? Ask students whot they would look for in a language school abroad. ask one group to read their list aloud. Have a class discussion. then check answers with a partner. What are you planning 10 do nexJ when you finish your currenl studies? Whol are your pions for continuing fa study and improve your English in the future? Ate you planning 10 take any courses in the near future fa improve your career or employment prospects? Introduce the topic If you con find any leoRets for longuage schools in lhe U.Objectives Grammar functions of conditionals Topic: further education and studying English abroad Vocabulary further education Reading a Web site ad. Have a brief class discussion of answers. . asking the questions in Exercise 2d . Put students in pairs to talk about their further education plans. Find out which students would like to study at the school in the article. or elsewhere. End this pari ofth e lesson with a discussion . and pass them around. Remind students about the Glossary. bring them inlo class.. Let them compare in pairs. Monitor and help with ideas. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into groups of four or five to write their list for Exercise 2a .

Could you let me know exadly . Ask them to choose one of the situations in exercise 3c.. Presentation alternative If your students ore unclear about how 1 organize their e-mail. Then have them do Exercise 4b individually.rs to write conditional sentences. .. Then put students in pai.S. Additional activity Divide students into groups of six to eight. Ask a few students to read their sentences aloud to the class. Final paragraph: Conclusion Thank you very much for . Divide Ute class into pairs for Exercise 4d . (advice) II you don't get a visa. Suggested answl!l'S for situation 1: You have to get a visa if you want to st udy in my country. Put the posters on the classroom walls for other students to read. and make sure they make note of the questions not answered. Tell pairs to read the drafts carefully.T . Paragraph 2/3: Asking questions Could you please tell me . you won't be allowed enlry at Immigralion Control. you must apply on arrivaL If you study at English@SanFrancisco. Why not stay with a host family if you want to experience American home life? Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few wooks. andlor warnings. requirements.• ~ 3 Grammar: functions of conditionals Ask students to do Exercise 3a . ask them to share their ideas with another pair in Exercise 3d . please e-mail me. and write a poster with six pieces of a dvice. suggestions. you will no t be admitted to the country. Have students do Exercise 4c in groups of four. Then have them check their answers with a partner and the Grammar Swnmary on page 130. After they have their original drafts back. (warni ng) Give me a call if you wanl any advice about gelling a visa. Ask pairs to exchange drafts. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. Nominate one student to write. Answers: Advice An offer A requirement A promise A suggestion A warning !fyau arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. youcertai nly won'! regret it. 4 Writing skills Put students in pairs to write their list in Exercise 4a . pool their ideas. Unil12 T 125 Looking ahead .. I am writing to ask about . write the following advice and useful 0 language on the board: Paragroph 1: Introduction I am in/eresled in attending . I'm looking forward to hearing from you. Uyau have any further questions.. Encourage readers to add any queslions they wish clarified or answered in the e-mail (in order to add more meaningful con tent) and also to write suggestions for improvement in pen. ask students to write their e-maiJs. Elicit two or three different conditional sentences from the students and write them on the board. (offer) When students have fi nished. I would like /0 find more information about . Do the firs t situation in Exercise 3c as an example with the class. Also tell them to use pencil to circle any mistakes they spot.

n. -:-_ _ __ _ " C iOn they serve ~ook a l the condif advice 4 Writing skill s a Imagine that you arc . .. 5 6 d Read expen ence you } s to learn y r cu ture yo ur sentenc they agree with yo~~ ~~:~:other pair and see if m" \~ w~lte cOllditioll~ sCh~tenccs . u. Match JO na! sentence . V~~ . language schOol Join one of the most popular schoolS in Boston.l lh. 1 visas 2 lllg sItuations to hel 4 } med.~ e gomg to wri ask your un Ie an e-mail \ the order questions.' thin the 'ad vertisemenl b I ~." a ang uage s h I urancc 3 BC . Accommodation Choose the type of accommodatiOn that suits you beSt. b Check your answ ers w Ith the Gram on page 130 .. All aUf accommodation is within a 20_minute walK from the scnool..ud "" Summ"y ellt IS com' language.1 e ow .I .3 Grammar: f unctions f a 0 conditionals Italic). p un/h..nd . 1he gomg to stud . Make a lisl of language you requYr:nf U... We also have excellent sports facilities on the Woodland campus. the. \. please e_mail us at I tooking ahead Unit 12 . you will ask for' f paIrs .On Welcome to .. ... organize d e mfo. dynamiC lessons with native-speaKer teacners...} . ex<lm preparation for the A first-class school. vertlsement th:~swere~ I~ Ie .nO. In lair mg t ~ your countr t study yo ur about the fo lIo . II I} an offer a requ irement n groups . an( pass th e (Irart back. M k 00 at you ]" a promise a suggestion a warning d You af doaes~~1 ~~:~v~~...S . b Rd' rom a ea . Write a lave II . yom longuose '. 1 k covers. A ". -. " '" om"r " raft e-maiL mahon into para f a IOn and e When you} g phs. exchange vo Suggest imp'o your group to ell": k'lrr draft with f vements} "c or yo Write th e Ii Ilal e-mail. servicing the educational needs of over 12. I~"he" ~~~HTIod"I.5.000 foreign students a year. h another pair fro~JllS ed. in the text them with the f U ll the article (in .". courses PiC from our wide range of cOurses including K for Business.heck .1Il 'scho~~erything r ... If you want to maKe real progress with )'our and have fUn at the 53me time. social program and sports activities 8'1jo)' our extensive prow-am from theater visits to a chance to see the famOUS soston Red Sox.all the ~~:~~i~~~t~::~ise ?a. school to then pu i lli ... offering yOU the very best in language learning" En~ish 10Ef\-. then join 8'1~is\"l us at Woodlandl f or fUrther informatiOn.I..:. and En~'ISh for AcademiC puf?0S8S' leache tS lively. g' '" yom 1i.

Ie t'IOns are most important for prod' umamly 11\ general and why? 4 ~o~:~~~~~ the most terrifying predictions 2 Why will faccmasks be more there will be more 3 gave will pollution be worse? be cause th e Why ' .S.. with varying degrees of accuracy. ' p . BUl it's not a\l year. O • Space: wC W end of the centurY.lfuture perrect} O." U I becaus~ p~~~:~n? nemp oyment? New' b the time in the ~ervicj~n~~:}::s~.il)' can lead to diabetes. heart disease.-r. 1 Whi. (future lwrfecl) ure O . some of the results arc so P • AIDS: In only a fcw years.an d b aven't' look d ue S we renewable sources e at I hole the ido(/ of clonin but l' scientists will bu obi> I g I m pretty sure thai within the next deca~e~ c one a human being ~ b Listen agail I an d Mlswor these (IUesf 1 Wh 'I IOns. Constirution doc'Sn't O. .. Cancer: Within th e next 25ycarS. r 01/ ' Future fact or future fantasy? ~idcmic Since time immemorial.. b Compare your prodict ions with other pc I A you a pessimist or an optim ist? op e.~=::sti~~t~e".. (future pl)rfect) p • Worlc Un<mploym. . ~~~I~~n~a~~\et t hmcalth po~u lalion growth fa Ie vacatIOns a L'Isten and answer these questions 1 Wh o is the speaker? a politician fa ' 2 Who is he talking to? th r the People PI 3 I I ' evoters .m Will hoY' o. .3 . mmenl IS doing nothing 4 ~hy will unemployment gel worse? e economy will continue to dete~ior~1 c I . ergy IS tuo dangerous fossil f I arc runmng oul . . (ftill lre pr." I". pesslmlslic points and th' k r an optJmlsllc counter-argument ~or cae h pom! a I. new drugs haYc a clone clausc. the \\'Orld's population will havc IYaehed 10 billion..\ c th '0 25% countries. ps. g Unlf12 Looking ahead .l!u'u.\'croge human being will have gained 2. most. discuss what predictions fo th you can make about the next 30 2 Listening skills year~ follow~ng~ work . P • Diet: Despite the advice of medical experts who consrandy point out that obd. and high blood pressure. 2100.. . 2025 IDeo. the AIDS will be claiming a million liycs a harrowing that they make yOU wanllO stay in bed and hide under the covers.AIDS will be by far doom and gloom. (future perfect) GLOSSARY harrowing extreme Iy WOrrylDg or upseuin ' ameliorate mab batlB . ro c Now read the art icle below bo the a (OPlimisti:l p~iclions o~t. ISCllSS theso questions. b. cancers and maybe even cure (fllturcJJI~rfl!c:t ~ some of them. if not all. ecause . Vacations: \vithin the ncxtL'lking 20 years.. pt on page 148.el) fighting over purking spacc will haYe beCOme a serious source of social conflict by 2020. .r obably h3\'C found a cure for baldness by 2020. compare your answers.. Not surprisingly.Which future? 1 Speaking skills a In pairs. By the year 2025. Baldness: Scientists at Cornell Univcrsil)' cxperimenting with a gene cal1ed SHl-l will Q..~r=!~d .ch p fCCrIctlOns do you think w'll b reahty and why? ocome 2 Which predictions might affect yo personally? U 3 h Which . vacations People will be 15 to space plO' Cloning: l3y 2035.However.' In "". il will ha\'c becom!:lful purfed} passive) possible for a clone to run for president of the USA-The U.)k I d In prurs .-doped . w.oe"". Are thO)' th . people have tried to predict the future. 0 cr planets by the \'e \oun he on (fulure progrcssh'c) P • Population: B. . . As long as you arc a will have heen de\'c1opcd that will ameliorate citizen and 35 years or older you are eligible." d. '~ e In groll d' e sarno. turn to the audioscri Underline all the ..W of the population by 2035. Porltin. Have a look at these the major killer in many African and Asian snapshots of furore lifc and iudge fN yourself. e.rfcc _ ' ''ha d. n pairs. s Ie a pessimist or an optimist? a pessimist y WI I fuel be n major problem? b nuduar en ' .51cilos. . scientifiC research is increasingly able to paint (future progressive} an accurate picture of how things will be in the not-too-distant future.

much of our food will soon be genetically modified. your town. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lock of clear policy on genetically modified food. but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the heolth of our people? And thars not all. Afterwards . We'll be living in a world where when it rains. I'm talking about your street. wind. You may wish 10 check the following expressions: since lime immemorial = dating bock to a point long ago in time • Vocabulary Irs not all doom and gloom". Ask students to read the article . Ask students jf they agree or disagree with them. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. my friends! Just imagine. Play the audio again. NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this. 1 Speaking skills Ask students to work in pairs to discuss their predictions in Exercise la . snapshots 101 future life) = brief but reveoling pictures/images/insights 2 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise 2a ... renewable energy sources like solar. and say who in their group is optimistic and pessimistic. and then check in pairs. Alternatively. it will rain ACID .. our future looks dark. II may look like the answer in the short term. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels. that parking will have become a major prablem. vote for. perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy .. Imagine . ask one student from each group to summarize what the group said. Ask students how they think these things will be different in the future. Looking ahead T 126 Unit12 . ~ ~ ~ Additional activity So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. Then put them in groups to share their ideas.Objectives Grammar Topic: life in the future Pronunciation echo questions Reading a newspaper article listening a politician's speech Speaking making and discussing predictions fulure progressive and future perfect Write three or four of your own predictions for the future on the board. everyday problem. our towns and citieS will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. I think mos/large animals will become extinct. as a result. Public and private parking lotsfull! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to burn fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now. and tidal power. acid rain. and the way things are going. sadly. Ask students to listen and answer the questions in Exercise 2b. we will have run out of them within 0 couple of generations. so much traffic. Ask students to work in pairs to underline the pessimistic points of the speech in the audioscript on page 148 and think up and write optimistic counter-arguments. But what is the present government doing? In a word. Let students check their answers in pairs. Ask two or three confiden t students to present their speech to the closs. You see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemosk today. a world where every living person wears a face mask. . So on Thursday. very dark. ladies and genllemon. vote for us. There will simply not be enough space to park your cor. T.. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Focemasks facemosks will have become common in towns and cities. mark the predictions.full. Ask students to prepore on -optimistic· political speech in opposition to the speech of the politician on the recording. Imagine in ten years. butthafs not the norm. for more shy students. I'm talking about your world! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic.a vote for the People Party. Already gridlock is a common. Parking places on the street . End this part of the lesson by asking students to discuss the questions in Exercise 1e in groups of four or five. tf pollution continues to increase. you may invite them to post their speeches on the wall for other students to read. The economy will conlinue to deteriorate and. I think we will be mining and building factories in ouler space. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. We need to look at clean. Irs not all depressing news. your city. Suggestions: In1roduce the topic I think Chino will become the richesl and most powerful country in the world.

and rise again 01 the end. The main problem is that students lend 10 oyoid using them. pause. Use Exercise 3b to check that students can recognize the form. play the recording again . perlect 3 Grammar: future progressive and future perfect Have students check answers to Exercise 3a in pairs. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! Carol is sW"prised. within two generations the average life span of a person will have increased by 20 years! Carol Will have increased by 20 years? 6 Peter And listen to this one: Within 50 years. lIn a few years. Then play each statement. here. To soy these e<:ho questions corre<:lIy. students need to star! with their intonation high (and disbelieving!). expresses sW"prise. People will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods! Ca rol Will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods? ~' - By 2100. the water level will have risen by 50 centimeters! Carol Will have risen by 50 centimeters? 5 Peter Can this be true? It says. Do the first statemen t as a class to get students started. and listen to this: By 2030. the world·s population wHi halle reached 10 billion: Carol Will have reached 10 billion? Peter Yes. Play the audio for Exercise 4d. opting for simpler forms. Peter 11 says here: -By 2100. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lives a year? 2 Peter I don't believe this! It says within 50 years. isn't it. Ask two or three individuals to repeat. 6l~--------------------------------. Discuss the questions as a class. The future progressive (will + be+ present participle] and the fu ture perfect I will + have + past participlel both have complex forms.t . If students don't d o this very well the lirst lime. guide @ •• 5 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to put the lime expressions in Exercise 5a in the chart. which.. Have students repeat in unison. However. terrible. \o:. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lilies a year? Peter Yes. By 2030. Let students listen to the audio o nce. the blue whole will have died ouI! Carol Will have died aut? 3 Peter Oh. She isn't asking a question .ck prononciation 4 Pronunciation: echo questions Play the audio for Exercise 4a. When they are ready. streets will disappear in cities. the world's population will halle reached 10 billion! 10 billion? Have reached 10 billion? Will have reached 10 billion? In a fll'N years.~------------. ffi Quick grammar guide: future progressive and futu". Answers: The predictions: By 2100. paying aUention to the intonation patterns they hear. 50% of the world's workforce will be working from home! Carol Will be working from home? 4 Peter This is incredible. Point out the form of the two lenses. For Exercise 4b. Let them check answers in pairs. ask them to take turns making predictions. play the audio again. 10 billion! Peter This is horrific. She doesn't believe it. Play the audio for Exercise 4c. listen to this: -In a few years. Do Exercise 3d as a brief class discussion. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! A million? Oaiming a million lives a year? Will be claiming a million lives a year? Unit 12 T 127 Looking ahead . Ht . since mony languages hove comparable forms and uses. I M in Q beautiful house. particularly in controlled silualions. AHow two or three minutes for students to think ofthings to say for Exercise 5b. Ask students to complete the article in Exercise 3e.it is an echo question . fall a little.1> @ Qu. and let students shout out an echo question. the world's populalion will have reached 10 billion. Common errors Overusing simple present instead of more complex future forms. T hen replay and pause the recording afte r each stateme n t. Usten to this: -In a few years. Ask students to listen and answer the question. they should not be too tricky. then leI it rise. In 2030. Ask stud ents to listen and respond. 1 Peter This is horrific.

I wjll /Jove graduated. the A IDS epidemic will be ~ c Listen and repeat what Carol says. Look at the time expressions commonly used with these tenses and add them to the chart below. Use these topics. play. @ d Now listen to six things Peter says and respond with an echo question. (work) from 2 will be working home. carcinogens 8 will have di sappeared (disappear) from food produced in this way. What is Carol's reaction to tile predictions? Is Carol reaUy asking Peter a 1 By 21 00. In order to avoid chemicals. many people 7 will be G rowing (grow) food in their backyards or buying it from nearby organic far ms. I'll be working ill my father's company. Which are in the fu ture perfec t 5 Speaking skills and which are in the fu ture progressive? 11 We can use the future perfect and future c Complete the fo llowing article about the fu ture. e In pairs. Since these far ms will employ natural forms of pest control. the world's population will have question? reached 10 billion. People 4 will he returning (return) to riding bicycles because of the increased awareness of the effects of pollution and the importance of regular exercise. Many people. fo r personal predictions. We 5 will be geUing (get) some energy from windmills but much of it will be generated in our own homes by rooftop solar panels. Those who have to go out to work 3 will he using (use) clean hydrogen-powered transportatio n that will produce little or no pollution. c An optimistic future By the year 2025. III fact. which will produce hydrogen to be used on days when there is no sunshine. In only a few years. d Which areas of the article do you agree with? Which areas do you disagree with? Which view of the future do you feel is more realistic: the view stated in the listening or the one in the text above? by tilen within a month before December within a generation this time next week before the government changes by next June by next summer by 2010 Near future by Saturday this time tomorrow next month Distant futu re in 20 years wilhin the next 20 years wiLhin a generation by then within a month before December this time nexl week by 2010 by then before the government changes before the government changes by next June hy next summer h In pairs. clai ming a million lives a year. comp leted before a definite time or event in the future. make some crazy predictions about some of these aspects of the future. many of us 1 will he living (live) in neighborhoods where the air is clean and where places to wo rk. and do our shopping will be close at hand. progressive for prodictions in the near future and Use the future perfect or the future progressive.3 Grammar: future progressive and fu ture perfect 4 Pronunciation : echo questions ~ a Listen to Peter and Carol discussing an article about the future. make predictions about your personal fu ture and the fu ture of your country. This tense is used for activities that will be in progress at a particular time in the future. What are the two predictions? a Match these predictions from the article with the descriptions that follow. and respond to each b Th is tense is used for activities that will be other with echo questions. With in the nex t two years. computers entertainment money the world water food b Read through the predictions in the text in Exercise t again. Most homes 6 will have a lso installed (also install) a basem ent fuel unit. ~ b Listen agai n. looking ahead Uni! 12 . education work population the economy traffic potlution travel By 2010.

Each pair oftoams has a Quizmaster whoso job it is to read tile questions to each learn and to keep scoro. Unil12 looking ohead . Only the secretary can give the answer.one space forward· rule is when you land on the "wild card". If another member of the team says their answer before the secretary. Science. The team can discuss the question together and when they decide on the answer they wish to give. You move forward one space at a time by correctly answering questions on seven different topics. the team is penalized and has to move back one space.f h game This is a team game and the aim is to be the first team to cross the finish line. People. Grammar. backward or staying where you are. Sports. Words. This type of card is unpredictable and may result in you moving forward. and Entertainment. The game is played in two teams of three or four players. The questions are given to the team by the referee or "Quizmaster". General knowledge. There can be 8S many pairs of teams as needed. It is also the job oftho Quizmaster to control the two teams the same as a referee does in a soccer game. they tell the team secretary. The Quizmaster is not pari of a learn. The only cxC{)ption to the correct answer .

and one of two students. and walk around the class as students play. For example. You should have four grou ps of four. Work out in advance how you are going to organize the classroom. give the quizmasters the quiz cards. You can find the quiz cards on page 1'129. Tell them to join the teams. Finally.2. and tell groups 3 and 4 to sit facing around a board on the right-hand side.one person who will write down the group's answer for each question. (These should have been photocopied and cut out in advance. Tell groups 1 and 2 to sit facing each other around one of the quiz boards on the left·hand side of the class. if you have 18 students. The secret of success is to manage the activity carefully. 3. light-hearted way of practicing spoken English. 3. 3. 4. 4. 1.4. Read through the task first to make sure you really understand it. 4. and reviewing some language al the end of the course. a good way to start is to give every student a number by counting and pointing at students like this: 1. Tell them that they are going to take a quiz and that they have to choose a secretary . Tell students to read the rules of the game carefully. Tell students to form groups. Go over any questions about the rules before getting started.) Set a time limit for the quiz. answering any questions they may have. they have to start asking questions. 5. 2. 1. and be sure you prepare enough photocopies of the quiz cards for your students in advance of the game.3. 1. Once they have tossed a coin to decide which teams starts.Objectives Grammar Topic: end-ol-year quiz Reading instructions language and conlent U5tening a quiz Speaking an end-af-year quiz of Student's Book The aim of this activity is to provide a fun. 2. 5. 2. lookingoheod T 128 Unit 12 .

hardly any. strokes. Number 2 is baseball. There will. sprinting.) Imagine you heard this sentence on the news and you want to report It back to me. I'd buy a cell phone. (ANSWER: the long jump. SA de C. Possible answer: 1"1/ call you evory day if you IOTllllmo 10.S) (ANSWER: Number 1 is football. (ANSWER: heart disease.. and cancer) 10 Name the country that has a population of about 1 billion people. II lot of. Friends of the Earth) 8 Wha t is the world's population? (ANSWER: six billion) 9 Can you give me the names of three of the biggest ki llers in the deveklped world? For example. however.V 2006 . J Change the word to in this sentence without changing the meaning of the sen tence. (ANSWER: The Greenhouso Effect) 6 What is the name of the unit used for measuring temperature? (ANSWER: a degree) 7 Can you give me the chemical formula for watef? (ANSWER: HP) 8 What IS the name lor the complete set of genes in a living thll"lg? (ANSWER: The genome) 9 Name at ledst three of the possible efferu of dirnate change. (ANSWER: in a).) 5 What is the name of the international sports comp!?tition wtlere teams from around the world compete for the title of the best soccer team? (ANSWER: World Cup) 6 Name five trad and field spoIlS. many of whom are Hindus.) Is thIS true or false J A noun d. The only way to pass the exam is to study. water resources will increase or decrease: there will be more floods IlIld drough t.. each. the hammer. They have to be logical. ) 10 Which sport did Sebastian Cae excel In? (ANSWER: distance runlllng) More Quiz cards ore on on page T260 !II Unil1 2 T 129 l ookingaheod _bIe C E<iIori(JI Moo:miIon de ~o. hurdles.:Iuse can be the subject or the object of II senterx:e.thirds or. (ANSWER: Climate change will forte some species of birds to migrate. neithe r of the. (ANSWER: true. Judo.) Rephrase this sentence.) 10 HooN much of the earth's surface IS coYef!'d by water? (ANSWER: 70%) ' spons Where and when did karate start? (ANSWER: Japan. severn!. for example. Moderate warming will fa. distance running) 7 INhat is the modern in ternatIOnal sportll1g competitIOn In which people of all nationalities compete in varIOUS sports? (ANSWER: Olympic Games) 8 In which sport do pjayers "slam dunk"? (ANSWER: basketball) 9 Can you give me the first and se<:ond most popular spectator sports in the U. (There are many possibilities here. I got up early to catch the bus. or an illegal substance that afferu people mentally or physically when they take it? (ANSWER: a dmg) 5 Name the process in wtlich heat is unable to escape from the atmosphere and causes the tempera ture of the eanh to nse. be some benefits. 1"11 buy a cell phone. (ANSWER: Indial 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 (ANSWER: [ got up early so as to catch the bus. the javelin. II great/good deal of.. T hey are unhappy although/even though \hey are rich. use the future progresSIVe in one and the future perlect In the other. The woOd"s populatIOn will grow to eight billion by 2020. half (01). [ got up early in order to catch the bus. Alt ho ugh/Though/Evon tho llgh thoy oro rich.·or some fanners. (ANSWER: both. howc\'er. the high jump. II quarter f two. which in turn will cause infectiolls diseases to spread. the discus. no.) Name five different quantifier. either. nono of the . tae kwon do. thoy are unha ppy. (Ma ny possibilities here. some. Make himlher a promISe. b) If I got the job. They are rich BUT unhappy. Sea levels will rise in some constal areas.) In wtlich of these two sentences is the event more likely to happen? a) If I get the job. There will be heat WIiVes and Illore air pollution. vinlses like influenza ami AIDS. however. too. In the 17th century) 2 What is Muhammed Ali's daughter's name? (ANSWER: leila) 3 What does the INOfd karate mean? (ANSWER: empty hilnd) 4 Can you name three different martial arts? (ANSWER: karate.Quiz cards Grammar Change the word but in this sentence Wlthout changing the meaning of the sentence.) Your boy/girlfriend is leaving to study in Canada for two months. (ANSWER: Tho nowscaster said (that) the werld's population would grow to eight billion by 2020.. II"s the first conditional. (ANSWER: Japan) 6 What does IQ stand for? (ANSWER: Inte lligence Quotient) 7 Name one International e<oIoglcal organization? (ANSWER: Greenpeace.) Make two predictions about the future. (ANSWER: St udy ing is the only way to pass tlle exam. but the sentences have to be "predictions" and they also have to make sense!) Science What is the everyday term for the chemical formula CO/ (ANSWER: carbon dioxide) 2 What does 'GM' stand for In "GM foods "? (ANSWER: Genetically Modified) 3 What percentage of our body weight is water? (ANSWER: 60%) 4 What am I describing: A substance that a doctor prescribes to cure people of an illness. (ANS WER: They are rich. they lifO unhappy. (a) li n Ie. Begin it by using II form of the verb study. all (the). capoeira. man).. l'YE'ry. every. General knowledge Where did Ca~ra come from originally? (ANSWER: Africa) 2 Which insect can Jump 100 centimeters? (ANSWER: a flea) 3 Who wrote A Hundred Years of Solitude? (ANSWER: Gabriel Garcia Marquez) 4 Which (feature can lift 50 times its own weight? (ANSWER: an ant) 5 Name the country in Asia which consists of four large islands. (a) few. Start : The newscaster.

When you toSS a com. Cootinue until the game is finished . read a question from the categOl)'. then check it to shaoN that it has been used. 6 7 8 9 10 secretary. Heads. they should 'MlI'k in their teams and WTlte some more questions to ask the opposite team. . You slar!. you Y teams. they stay where they are and wart until it is their turn again. . If the teams finish befOfe others in their class. toss a coin to see which team starts. Your teacher will give you the questions. I Tails. Quizmasters. If the team answers correctly.JllastCr: . Quizmaster5.The Rules of the Game 1 Decide how many pairs of teams will play. looking ahead . The other team is nO'N asked a question. join your teams. Qui l. yO ll lose. Heads. If the answer is incorrect. 3 Move into your teams and select a team 4 A. you \I'm. they move forward. sa heads or '011 5. Quizmasters. 5 The other team star1s. 2 Select one Quizmaster for ~ pair of USEFUL LANGUAGE .

Warnings If you don't tell me what the problem is. Unil12 looking ahead . We oftefl use the tIme expressions in X weekslmonthslyears and within (Ihe next) X weel<slmonthslyears with the Mure progre5SlVe: People wiD be traveling in fuel efficient cars within the next ten years. . (tIy1 to England. (do) a 101 of shoppng and going to shQv. M ake any changes necessary. \lVhile I'm in England. Here are some convnon fooctions of !irs! condillOl"\als: Advice If you want /0 moot new people.ef~I!!l1>8I!!I sludied. graduAte 6 1he exam M Next Sunday... I Ihink it's very diffICUlt 10 eH#eF Harvard. be arguiflg about something Complete the paragraph with the future progressive or future perfect of the verbs in parentheses.' H+. By two o'ckx:k. 12 wjll have arrjved (arrive) in London. Offers Contact me if you need clarification on any of these points. got good grades 4 She eel6:R88 excellent grades on the exam. so I'll take some pictures for you. you must provide proof of major in artIhiSlory be accepted to a cotlege or university do a degree in biochemistry/modern languages take a course in history Replace the words in italic with a word or phrase from the two lists above. failed In physiOtherapy by June.~e/! on my last malh test.we hB~ /19 eil8l.<6~ ItIs English exam. (go) for lOts of country walks.. 15 will he slo)'j!l~ (stay) with them for a week and we 6 will II!: goine.. The fdlowing wool< t 7 will be stayjng (stay) in a hotel in london. I 9 will have sl!lilll. I'H be lying on beach in Rio. By the end of my stay. These are often based on the loon of the rll'St conditionaJ (see Unit 4).. I hope. ruture perfect: wllVwon'r + have + past participle They'll have demolished the building by the rime you arrive. Fo= future progressive: wilVwon'r + be + -ing verb We 'll be wsitlng at the end of the pia/form when your train arrives. were tested on We use the future perlect to talk about a situation Of an actoo that win be completed by or befOff! a specific time in the future: 7 Harry 13 310d. try joining dubs or a gym.he'll be watching the bg game. Promises /'11 be very careful If you Jet me use the car lomght. is taking relake it Wail for me. In two weeks /he politiCians win completely different.r ill~ computing at COllege now. I can't help you..LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Functions of conditionals Vocabulary Summary 1 Tests passltail a tesVexam get goodIbad lake/retake We often use conditionals to express functJons su:h as advice and promises. scorestgrades be tested on a topic/subject a lesVexam review /0( a tesVexam 2 Further education lake a course - Suggestfons Why not travel by train if you want 10 enter a graduate program see more of /he countryside? Requirements If you want /0 open 8 bank account. Don'/ caRJlffllhis evening . (spend) a lot of money but r 10 will haVe seen (see) a lot of great shows. I 8 will he dQjna:.. but sometimes use modal verbs and imperatives in the main clause instead of Vt1II\'VOf'I't.jllJ. gol 5 I expect to flAeM IH)' eefle§8 68tff68 in electronics next year. be accepted to identity. pass 2 Future progressive and future perfect Use We use the future progressNe to talk about a situation 01" an action thai will be in progress at a definite time in the Mure: 3 1 EA~ 19th'. I'H have finished the dishes in five minutes. This tllne tomorrow I 1 will he O). the a novel we hadn't was unfcur . I 4 will be sla)'illa (stay) WIth he( and her husband in the country. Julia will have completed her course 8 I liitlfl'f j8688 my driving test so now I have to 96 it ageiR.Is. My sister 3 will be Wilj1jll~ (wait) for me. We often use the prepositions by and before with the future perfect 1'/1 have sent the report to you by/before Friday. 2 I don't think I will ever §e.

good Eng. The best three will be published in January's edition of International TV magazine.. 1 Have yeu ever written a timed essay in yeur language or in English? q:. as well. Write your final answer neatly in the test booklet. ~ 0:::: ::) Section 3: Writing You have 60 minutes to complete this section. b Look at the answer more carefully. You may make notes and write drafts on the paper provided. ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: werking w ith vocabulary Put yeur strategies into action! Write your answer te the exam question in Exercise 1. That is true but yeu need test-taking strategies. I he I-. Successful entrants will receive a free subscription to the magazine fer . looking ohead Unit 12 .fl Ln a wry !A-mp'. Having a structure for approaching writing is crucial.one year! Total score for Question 1 Scoring system 5 "" ex. How easy would it be for you to answer this question? ~<J<I REVIEW ReVj~w your action ptan: working with vocabulary - t~ I~ pairs. !la-nue OUWY5 shylY. Talk about any new techniques you have tried.J o Q. Write your article for the International TV magazine (150-1S0 words). when? b Many people think that passing an English test only requires.lish. I ek at the new vocabulary entries you have made c Since Unit 11. 3 Organize your notes into paragraphs. Criteria 1 Content: hew fully did the candidate answer the question? Score for this work Question 1 Imagine you have just seen the following advertisement for an international TV magazine. too.huns e:ve:ry#u:1/. too infermal. As tests are timed. I a In groups. 6 Allow time te proofread your final essay.e.s a 2 Make notes that answer the question. til£._"locc="'lL'::~_ _1 """"c'.TV t 2 ~ake a list of differences between writing a timed essay and . a. 4 Write a draft using complete sentences. impreve the student's answer by correcting the mistakes.t ~US':' .C) z - The writing part of an exam 1 Looking at an exam question Read this exam question.-_~"''tt-"t""". I i:eLeYl/nq tius and -me fdvre j trof.one witheut a time limit. 7 Write your essay again. 5 Revise your first draft.ed aJ. tk . Use the examiners' criteria and the scoring system tc give the student's work a final score. /5 -' 2 3 4 Accuracy: how accurate is the grammar and vocabulary? Variety: how varied is the grammar and vocabulary? Organizatien: How clear is the text? Are ideas logically . "J l . o >o u. 4 Having a strategy j wrJ. {/a-nue b!:. which are underlined. is it too formal.k ~ ''fi a>Ui ' usually bqp >VK1y fad /axi5. _1J1q. or jusl right? Reader: Hew easy would it be for the reader te understand what the writer says? /5 /5 questions.a.e "¥. good time management IS essential.organized and does the w riting flow smoothly? /5 /5 InlemalionallV magazine • What is your favorite show on TV? • Why do you like it? We are looking for short artictes answering these 5 6 Style: Hew appropriate is the style for the context? I. Can you lind it? 1 Read the question very carefully."/UOlt on. discuss these questiens. There is one mistake in the order. Has the question been completely answered? Do you think this would pass or fall? Why? 3 Editing the sample In pairs.cellent 4 := very good 1 = poor 0 := ve ry poor 3 == good 2 '" borderline /5 130 2 Examining a sample answer a Read this lest-laker's answer. 3 Will you ever have to write a timed essay in English in the future? If yes.e to w an op.J > u.. ! . Look at these seven recommended steps.

4 . IS crops had benefited from Experts predict that b temperatures 3 end of the cenrury P . . ruverslty of Maryland climate change 4 e action SOOn. ' ~fessor Greenmore of the U· . Whole cities 2 action IS not taken opinion is dividcd~n th ffithreatened. over 90% of it is new. 5 A When my mom died she len me 33.t. c get @)lave been getting 2 a might have been (JYwill be c have d have been 3 a are increasing @ vi\l have increased c will be increasing d increase 4 a would have b may @ vould d will 5 a will never be b had never been beard @ vould never have hoon d won't be Global warming or global warning'f d Match the two halves to make complete and logical sentences . if you need my help. b 4 If you want to joi n the swimming club. Furthermore. The effects of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 1 WOrse and worse and if nothing is done they will COntinu: to have a damaging effect ~n the quality of life. th at hardly any of the students came. sir. (claim) She claimed to havelthat she had no idea who the murderer was . B And the other two Ibirds are equally divided between your brother and sister. said that if we didn't tak . (thing) Tbe weather is tbe tbinl that 1 like most about Greece c Choose the correct answer. (ought) The government requires that more money ought to be spent on p ublic health care 3 "I have no idea who the murderer is. 2 A Do you usc any salt in your cooking? B JUSI enough to give the food a little more flavor. the increase in rain.he automobile heard of.5 degrees. 4 A Is all ofthe equipment in the computer room new? B No. 1 Give me a call e 2 If you lend me five dollars.y 2. 1 a gOI b were gettin. to be precise. or d to fill in the blanks in the article on the right. H owever' One farmer told us that h~ e ects of climate change. please. Use the words in pa rentheses. right? b Complete the second sentence so that it mea ns tbe same as the firs t one.'I'm thinking about what you said. she'll be angry. b. The Water I~~el has been [lsmg in coastal areas and if . the effects of long-term effect Could be accelerate and the Professor Greenmore sa~atastro~hic. hadn't been invenrcd Slog ~at If r. 2 It is a requirement of the government to spend more money on public health care.33% of the property. a . Yes. In some cases. everyone all both hardly any a little a few several two thirds half 1 A OK." she said. I'll pay you back tomorrow. c 5 Try linding a cheaper apartment a a b c d e if you want to save money. 5 II's the weather I like most ahout Greece. 3 A Why are there so few students at school today? B There was so much snow. bul most of it is.a Fill in the blanks using an appropriate expression of quantity. c. (told) She told me that sbe was thinking about what lsaid . you have 10 be at least 12 years old. which ofthese shirts would you like? B I need more shirts so I'll take bothlalVeyetJ one of them." she sa id. 1 You have to wear a he lmet at all times on the building site (worn) A helmet must be worn at all times on the building site. d 3 If you take that without asking her. J a warmmg 5 _ _ __ b . two answers may be possible.

. (live) future p rogressive 3 In ten years. I have_been working all day non-stop. Diane Case has this . (finish) future perfect 2 This time noxt year. If 7) The oplion of GM food should . If we do not accept GM foods.. 4 A bottle of: _ _ .. c a substance that makes plants grow. sports show 5 Host: And when did you know yo u wanled to be an aclress? talk show Actress: Since I was about six . ® Which kind orTV show do these lines come from? Choose from the list orTV shows in the box. quiz show News has just come in abou t the conti n uing civil war in Zalibad . 11) pesticides could become a thing of the past. Environmental organizutions 12) say that GM foods should not jd' be imposed un til we know mo re about the dangers. Many I)f'scien1ists argue that GM food should be 3) adopted as th e onl y so lution to the problem of feeding the world. this question is for you. C.<!!»lants that are grown for food..e Choose the best hmse from the list below to complete the sentences. thell they must ~ consider the fact that GM foods are resistant e 10) to insects and if we J}JIe" change 10 GM foods in twenty years. scientists will have found life on Mars.1roline! I love you! And whal about the ch ildren? soap opera Both teams now have 12 points. Not all the words are used.lI1 t lo watch the midnight movie.getting into college. c m eat and vegetables. ~} large amount of water that suddenly covers an area.. so Illfld to 2 retake them.. we will have finished the house.. ___ _ h Choose the best definition of the following words. (work) present perfect progressive f Read the text below and look carefully at each line. c th e history of a fami ly. OK . moves past Wilson and shoots. Janssen passes the ba ll but Makelele intercepts. the news A long pass . so I'm goi ng to bcd. animnl. future perfect future progressive present perfect present perfect progressiv~ 1 By March.6 be taken seriously by environmcntal /C 8) orga nizHtions. 4 Crops aro a food for nnimal s. 1 A bagof.he complete set of genes in a living thing. II 's a goal! What a goall The goalkeeper didn 't stand a chance. I used to sing and da nce fo r guests w hen they . . b a medicine given to animals. _ __ 3 A jar of. g Think ortwo words that are ofte n used with the following containers. :J An implant is a something YO ll pu l in the ground . c something you feed animals. I have watched enough TV ror today.® mmething placed in a person. If they are reall y opposed to the use of pesticides in 9) fa rming.. _ _ ' _ _ _ 2 A can of: .year 4 . or plant.degreeJn chemistry and after that 15 djd a Master's and specialized in petroch emicals. I did a four. _ _ 5 A carton of: ___ . (watch) present per fect 5 1'111 exhallsted. (find) future perfect 4 I dou' t w. 1 A pesticide is chemi cal used to kill insects. 4) whOSE) population has been \1I«f increasing at alarming rates. ___ ' ___ . Check (v) the correct lines and cross ()O those where there is an extra word. G!\'I Foods: a possibl e solution? 1) Genetically modified food has become a conlroversial subject 21 in recent yea rs. But yo u can 't leave me. 5 A flood is a a period of exlreme dryness. But I passed them and tlnally entered the uni versity that fall . Our repo rtor. I've been working with a petrochemical company ever s ince then. 2 The genome is a someone who is very intelligenl. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which s hould not be there. famine wil! increase. When did . Complete the text with a word or words from the box. (li). ! failed my final high schoo l exams. tal k show current affairs documentary dra ma movie music program q u iz show reality TV s itcom soap opera s ports show the news va riety show 1 2 3 4 Harry. _ K5) Scientists predict that it will have ~ doubled by Ihe end of the 6) 2'lst century. I spent all summer 3 reviewing for the exams while my friends were out having fun. Team B. did getting into pass good grade fa il a test degree in retake reviewing for I had a hard time 1 . we will be Jjying in our new house.. b water used to make plants grow.1. Use the verb in parentheses.

Beautiful by Christina Aguilera .------"Everything has its beauty . J) but not everyone sees U Confucius 1 Getting started a Work in groups. Do you think they 're beautiful? Why / Why not? b Choose three people or places from your country and tell your group why you think they are the most beautiful. Here are a famous American person and place which many people consider to be beautiful...1' 2 What kinds of problems does the song refer to? a global b fam ilyGPersonal 3 What is the overall tone of the song? @ ptimistic b neutral c pessimistic Song 1 Beautiful . 2 Listening for gist ~ Read the questions and then listen to the song. Which is the most appropriate answer to these questions? 1 Where is the beauty the singer describes in the song? Q nside ourselves b in the world around us c nowbere to he found ..

oh. Trying hard to fill the 8 emptiness . five.3 Listening for deta il ~ a Lislen and complete the song lyrics. How much do you agree with this? Can you think of any occasions when words havo hurt you or someone you know? . When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And evel)"'Nhere we go the sun will always 12 But tomorrow will find a way on the other side. So 15 don 't you brillg me clown today .. b In groups. the piece is gone. what don't you like about it? Use the ideas on the right to help you.. words can't bring me down. I'm so ashamed. you're 7 delirious So consumed in all your doom. I am beautiful 4 no mailer wh at they say Words can't bring me down . discuss these questions. Instruments Beautiful . no. Is that the way it is? You are beautiful 9 no mailer what they say Words can't bring you down. words can't bring us down. oh.. Nole that the expressions in numoors four. words can't bring you down. oh no.. oh . to bring someone down to depress someone. to be consumed in all your doom to feel thaI your situation is so terrible thai you can only feel negative about everything. 1 What is the song ahout? Z Why does the subject pronoun change from ''I'' in the first verse and chorus to "you" in the second verse and chorus and then to "we" in the iast verse and chorus? GLOSSARY wonhIlyria sI"_'' ""'" 4 Finishing off Discuss those questions.. words won'l bring us down. no. what is it you like? lfnot. no matter what we say. and six arc repealed. it's hard to 2 Now and then I get 3 insecure from all the pain. no.. So 6 don't vou bring me down today To all your friends. Beautiful Don't look at me Every day is so 1 wonderful then suddenly. to be delirious 10 think or talk in a confused way because you are menIally or p hysically ill. left the puzzle undone. breathe shine 'Cause we are beautiful 13 no mailer what they say Yes. I am beautiful 5 in every single way Yes. So 11 d on'l yoy bring me down today No matter what we do. 1 Do you like the song? If yes.. Z There is an expression in English: Slicks and stones con breok your bones but words can never hurt YOII. 'Cause you are beautiful 10 in every s ingle way Yes.. We are beautiful 14 no mailer what they sa y Yes.

I .. female . But one thing that is constant throughout is their friendship. Song2 111Be There ForYou \.I'll Be There For You by the Rembrandts Fr iends "Friends" is about a group of six young New Yorkers who share apartments and 1 hang out in the same toffee shop_ They don't seem to have very much in 2 common . The other characters have jobs ranging from massage therapist to soap opera actor. two oflhe friends have a 4 fight and 5 fall out but before long. 1 Getting started a Read this text about the American comedy series "Friends" and fill in the blanks. get married. while her brother. there wi ll always be someone 8 tbere for them. Read the questions and pick four that you'd like to talk about. II looks as if Joey and Phoebe will never rea lly 7 settle down. 1 Do all your friends know each other or do you have separate groups of fri ends? 2 Are your friends male.. two of the characters.. Ross.. you know they're going to 6 make up and become friends again. either in their careers or private lives. You can use the words in the box below or your own ideas... Ross and Rachel. In fact. or both? 3 Do you have a different relationship with your male and fema le fri ends? 4 How did you meet them? 5 What do you have in common with your friends? 6 Where do you usually hang out? 7 Have you ever really fallen out with any of your fri ends? 8 What kinds of things have you had fi ghts about? 9 How did you manage to make up with them? 10 Have you ever dated any of your fri ends? c In pairs. have a baby together. settle figh t fall bang there make downs common b Write down the names of two or three of your closest friends. Think about what you can say about the friends you've chosen. for instance. Ask and answer the other questions if you want to. is a paleontologist. Over the years. Each one of them knows that if they are down.. Monica and Chandler. their relationships have their ups and 3 downs • From time to time. is a chef. Monica. talk about the questions you chose. while two others.

make it through all the rest with Someone to face the 11 Someone I'll always 12 laugh with. Your job's a joke. day with. Song 2 . 2 Have you heard it before? If so.A. T 5 6 7 8 I know you' re my friend.. how m uch of it di d yo u un derstand before? images central message music instruments .. yo u could say you're stuck in second gear. you're 2 broke your love life's D.. . Listen and put ur" next to the true sentences and "F" next to the false sentences. J 2 You do n 't like you r job. T Everything's fine today. stands for 'dead on arrival' . your week.. your ffiDflth.. And it hasn 't been your day. Seems you' re the only one who knows w hat it's like to be me.D. your week. T 3 This was a great year for you. F 3 Listening for detail ~ Read the words of the song and then listen and fill in the blanks.. or even your year. F 4 I'll always be your friend... your love life is a disaster! stuck in secon d gear This is 8 driving metaphor. I'm best with you. but . no one could ever see me. things are going great. what don't you like about it? Usc the ideas on the right to help you. T You're lale for work. Yeah! It's like you're always stuck in second gear.. or even your year. I'll Be There For You So no one told you 1 life was gonna be this way. The first two have been do ne fo r you as examples.. your month. F I'm an easy person to undersland . 1 Do you like the song? if yes. In other words.:-_ me. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your 9 Chorus No one could ever 10 _--"~o w kn ~..2 Listening for gist '-. but . I' ll be there for you pour When the rain starts to 4 I'll be there for you like I've been there 5 before I'll be there for you 'Cause you're there for me 6 too You're still in bed at ten and work began at 7 eight You've burned your breakfast so far.~ T hese sentences about the song are in the right order. Your 8 mother warned you there'd be days like these. You can only go very slowly in second gear! So if your life seems to be going nowhere. knees Chorus singer's voice 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. but some of them are not true. what is it you like? lf llot. 1 Everyone told you life wou ld be like this. Even at my worst. II's like you're always 3 stuck in second gear. And it hasn't been your day.

with your parlner. we go back to the old one? she's always been his favorite ! 2 She's really blown her chance of b th e job 3 This new computer program is c rea lly messing with my head. isn'. 6 Can you find out why the Intern~ f it meant everything to me. use the same expressions to describe a relationship. c Now check your answers by matching the expressions in bold with the correct meaning below. "'-' it's a mystery to me. 1 Whose plans were destroyed? 2 Who fo und out about them? 3 Who burned their bridges? 4 Who wasted their opportunity? 5 Who cried a river before? 6 Who's going to cry a river now? h is~ 9 / hcr him. in fact I'm sure of it because 5 My whole world came crashing e down when I lost my job · ~ told his colleagues exactly what he thought ofth em. the context is work. I saw them looking at rings in a jewelry store. 4 J bet he's going to give the job to d And rea. Listen and circle the correct answer for each of the questions below. a to get information 6 b to seem as if it has been destroyed 5 c to waste an opportunity 2 d to be sure of something 4 e to be driven crazy by something/someone 3 f to make sure there is D O chance of going back 1 d In the sentences above. '-. For example.-___ a so can'.. you could say: I bet my brother's going to marry his girlfrie nd.Cry Me A River by Justin TImberlake 1 Getting started a Match the firs t and second halves of thase sentences. by arriving late for the interview. 1 He really burned his br idges when he left the company when he .-€D him~ CE!9'her hi ~ 5ong3 Cry Me A River . Now. working because b Guess the meaning of the words in bold from the context./ 2 Listening for gist ~ You're going to listen to a song in which a guy tells a girl about their relationship.

Your bridges are burned and now it's your 6 turn to cry. Chorus (Oh) The damage is done so I guess I be 9 leaving You don't have to say what you did. I found out from him. Girl. But it wasn't like you only 7 talked to him and you know it. 50 you took a chance. for you and me. But I bet you didn't think the thing would come crashing down. 13 already know. You know that they say some things are bener left unsaid. no. You don't have to say what you did. AU of the things people told me keep messing with my head . Now there's Just no chance. you made 2 other plans. You should've picked B honesty . And don't it make you sad about it. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. Now there's just no chance.3 Listening for detai l ~ Complete the SOilS with the words in the box. And don't it make you 10 sad about it. what don 't you like about it? Use the idoas below to help you. Images central mess. Cry me a river. no. (Don't act like you don't know it). you were my 1 earth But you didn't know all the ways I loved you. what is it you like? If not. I found out from him . for you and me. Cry me a river Go on and just cry me a river 'Cause I've already cried Cry me a river yeah yeah Ain't gonna cry no more. Cry me a river. Cry me a river. yeah yeah 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. Cry me a river. don't let that be. musk: instruments Z Imagine that you wore one of the singer's closest friends. I already know. leaving sad other refuse earth a lready talked honesty alone turn Cry Me A River You were my sun. I 5 refu se : you must have me confused w ith some other guy. al l 4 alone 7 Now you tell me you need me when you call me on the phone. then you may not have blown it. What things could you say to him to mako him feel beller? . don't let that be. Why did you leave me. Then listen and check. You told me you loved me.

For exam ple. 6 We don'. read the sentences and then match the words with the correct definitions below. Before you listen to the song. how could " misreading" be a problem in a relationship? 2 Listening for gist ~ a Listen and put the pictures in the order you hoar them mentioned in the song. Thinking ahout the six words in exercise l b and the title.the colors will fade. I wenl to the wrong street . did YO ll learn anythi ng else about what the singer means by the phrase "Don'. h Having listened to the song once. need a map. then write the number 1 next 10 that picture. c a a small piece b read incorrectly c to walk without any direction or fixed purpose d become weaker or less bright e throw away f become we ll or whole again c The tit le of the song you are going to hear is "Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me". 1 Sorry I'm late. dry your now I-shirt in the sun . how might they be connected with a song abou t a relationsh ip? For instance.I must have mis rea d the address. leI the sun go down on me"? 5ong4 Don'. r 4 A fr agment of a lost Shakespeare play has beon discovered in tho British library. his broken leg look several months to hea l. We're just goi ng to wander around tho city for a few hours.Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John 1 Gett ing started a This song was a big hit for Elton John and George MichaeL Toll your partner anything you know about these Iwo s ingers. e 3 Unfortunately. b The six highlighted words in the sentences below are all in the song. a 5 Don'. if you hoar about a door being closed first. d ©. leI The SUn Go Down On Me . b 2 Pi ease do not discard food containers Oil the beach.

Too late to save myself from 4 falling I took a chance and changed your way of life But you misread my 5 meaning when I met you Closed the door and left me blinded by the 6 light Don't let the sun go down on me 7 Although I search myself. The dorkest hour is just before the dawn. what is it you like? If not. what don't you like about it ? Use the ideas below to help you. b Find tho six words you made predictions about in Exercise t c. the right 10 romantic line But see me once and see the way I feel Don't discard me just because you think I mean you 11 But these cuts I have they need 12 love harm to help them heal. I can't find.3 Listening for detail ~ a Read tho words of tho song and then listen and fill ill the blanks. Look on the hrisht side. oh. All my pictures seem to fade to black and white tired and time stands still before me I'm growing 2 Frozen here on the :3 ladder of my life.al message rhythm music chorus instruments b The expression. There 's /iSht at the end of the tunnel. it's always someone else I see I'd just allow a fragment of your life to wander 8 free But 9 losing everything is like the sun going down on me. Hero are other expressions in English abou t "light" and "hope". c Do you have similar expressions in your language? Tell your partnor about a time whon you needed to use or hoar one of these expressions. Were your predictions right? What con nection do the words have with the relationship described in the song? '--- 4 Finishing off a Do you like the song? If yes. words/tyrks images stnger's voke cent. Don't let The Sun Go Down On Me I can't light no more of your 1 darkness . . Where there's life. "Don't lot tho sun go down on me" cou ld mean "Don't tako away a ll hope". there's hope.

Predict the order of these slages and then listen to the song and check yo ur answers. AU good schools help chitdren to discover and develop their creativity. o o educalion in particular can shape our personality and limit our individuality. Schools give children the discipli ne they need to beco me useful members of society.. T hen compare and discuss your answers with your partner. Here are some opinions about this subject. . Children should be free to study what and when they like. W Tho singer is sen t to a school where he is socia lized . Ch~~ the box thai represe nts yOW" op iniOn for each sontence..The Logical Song by Supertramp 1 Getting started "Tho Logical Song" is about how education in general and sch ool o o 0 o 0 0 School days afe the best days of your life. It is n't the role of a school to teach children what's right and wrong.. 50095 The logicol Song . !II T he Singer begins to question his education ...... o III The singer becomes angry and rebellious. CD The singer is happy and open to his world.. The mai n purpose of school is to preserve the status quo. o o o 0 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0 o o o ..... GLOSSARY 10 preserve the sta lus quo to keep things the way they have been traditionally..." 2 Listening fo r gist @ Tho song examines diff~rent slages in the si nger's life.....

oh. 2 Don'. but he doesn't have much practical expericnce in everyday business. playfully 2 watching mel But then they sent me away 10 teach me how to be 3 sensible . Intellectual. what don't you like about it? Usc tho ideas on the right to he lp you. I was more creative as a child Ihan I am now. We learned plenty of practical subjccls at school. cynICal. we'd like to feel you're acceptable. a liberal. put on a clean shirt! You've got to be presentahle for tho interview. 4 J wish you were a bit more responsi ble about your work: you just don't seem to care. 2 Tho song takes a very nogative view o f growing up and education. responsible dependable presentable practical cynical absurd 1 For goodness' sake. but please tell me 6 who I am.3 Listening for detail a There are II number of adjectives inlhc song. But what do you think? Discuss with your partner whether any of tbese sentences wero true for you or someone you knew. G YOli expcct me to bolieve that your dog ate your homework!? Marlin. We wera made 10 feel responsible for our own learning. respectable. when all the world's asleep. Io9l<al. And then they showed me a 4 world where I could be so dependable. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. Then listen to the song again 'and fill in the blanks. clinical. ~ c Now read lhe song and check your answers. complete the sentences below with the most appropriate adjectivo. what is it you like? if not.it wasn'l just inlcllcclunl stuff. watch what you say or they'll be calhng you a radical.the leachers wera too cynical. responsible. There are times. 3 Ms. Before you listen 10 it again. that is completely a h!>urd ! ' . 1 magical [ And all the bIrds In the trees. presentable. a fanatIcal 7 criminal ! Oh won't you sign up your name. well they'd be sInging so happily. the 5 questions run too deep for such a simple man. be so cynical . S lie's 8 good candidate on papor. Joyfully. you know. The Logical Song When I was young.' ~ b Now liston to lho song and numbe r tho words in the box above in tho ordor you hear thom in the song. Won't you please. Now. oh It was beautIful. practICal. a miracle. Thornton is a vcry dependable employee. I cried a lot when I first wont to school. It was hard 10 get inspired at school . It seemed that life was so wonderful. Thoro's somo good in everyone. In the ten years that she has worked with the bank sho bas never been lale fo r work. . please tell me what we've learned. a 8 vegetable I 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. I know it sounds absurd.

When you're finished. Jones foll owed t his up with the album . She was brought up by her American mother in Texas.. This was an incredible track . Check that you know all of them. Ravi Shankar. they were signed by America's most famous jazz 5 label "B lue Note" and recorded their first 6 album Come Away With Me. In 2004 .. she has never lived in India. this talent ed 9 songwriter hasn't stopped singi ng her unique blend of country.... Which story is the most romantic / the strangest / the most original? Song 6 Come Away With Me . but soon formed her own group. make up a short story with your partner including all the pictures. She began si nging in church when she was five and took up the piano two years l ater.. she moved to Manhatta n and start ed pl ayi ng wi th a 4 group called "Wax Poetic". Feels like Home. .. GLOSSARY the Grammy Awards (he mosl important annual awards gi ven to performers and music writers by the American Music Industry.ColT' ~ worldwide success and the title 7 Away With Me was one of the most played songs 0 . jazz. In 1999... She went on t o sell nea rly 2 0 million albums in the fi rst t wo years and won eight Grammy Award s. However.. Since ____ then. Norah Jones is the daughter of one of India's most famo us 1 musicians .. Before listening. the year. but it seemed t hat music was in her blood... In 2000... All of the images on page 145 are mentioned in the song.. singer/songwriter studio label charts track album touring stage musicians copies gig/concert band/group awards fans b Read this short article and complete the text using some of the words from Exercise la. and blue ~ c You're going to listen to one of Norah Jones' most famous songs. tell some other students your story.1 Getting started a Look at this list of words commonly used when talking about the music world. Come Away With Me... -. which went straight to the top of the 8 charts in 16 different countries. gig on her 16th She played her first 2 birthday an d went on to win a number of special 3 awards for her jazz singi ng.

2 Listening for gist Now listen to the song and put the pictures in exercise lc into the order you bear them. so write " 1 " next to that picture. Then listen again and write the missing words.. For example. 1 Who do you think . original .. you'll hear ''I'll write you a song" first. Come Away With Me Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they can't 1 With their 2 lies I want to walk with you on a cloudy day In fields where the yellow grass grows 3 Knee high So 4 won't you try to come? tempt us Come away with me and we'll 5 On a mountain top kiss Come away with me And I'll never stop 6 loving you For I want to 1 wake up with the rain Failing on a tin roof While I'm 8 safe there in your arms So alii ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me ~ . why not? Use the ideas be low to help you. . _.. discuss these questions.·they" are in verse two? 2 Why does tho singer ask her lover to go away with her "in the night "? 3 Why do you th ink the lovers in the song might need to leave? 4 Do you know any stories of lovers who have run away? . or romantic? wordsllyrks singer's voke central message rhythm chorus Images musK instruments b In grou ps. Do you find any of the images in the song beautiful.. what is it you like? If not. 4 Finishing off a Do you liko the song? If yes. b Wbafs the relationship between the singer and the person she's singing to? 3 Listening for detail ~ a Read the lyrics and check the order of the pictures.

Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b
Read the role your teacher gives you.

Role C : membe r of local chamber of commerce Role A: local resident
You really do not want the hostel to be built on the land . Before the hospital was burned down, the area was very pleasant to live in. It has deteriorated over the last two years, and you think it will get worse if the hostel is built as it win attract some undesirable people. You think this will affect property prices and will become dangerous for the children in the area. The area is quite bui\t* up and you think the land should become a park, with a children's play area, and maybe a swimming pool. There is an industrial area on the other side of the city, which you feel would be a better site for the hostel. You are also personaUy worried about how this would affect the value of your property. You recognize that such centers are needed, but why on your doorstep? Your concern is the economic weU-being of the city. It used to be a very wealthy city, but that has changed over the last ten years as a number of businesses have moved away. The area of the city under discussion is a prosperous residential area, and you feel that a commercial center, with banks, shops, and businesses would be a much better use of the site. It would encourage the wealthy residents to spend money, and as it is on the outskirts of the city, it would also encourage people from the surrounding area. You could also benefit financially from such a project as you have a building company.

e ess people. Most f homeless people d 0 the problems in the i . 0 not cause alcoholics and dr~~y~~~~r: ~re a few people would stand a '~~c~tbthese chance of 9 tf etter lived . h e mg treatment ;f they m a ostel It wo Id I that the h . u a so mean jobs and could get the city S h e wealth of also h~lp u~ou a development would fru t . r career as you are s rated In your present job.

~;~e t hostel that could tagk:~~~n~~~

~~~:I~s~ re:1 PrOblem in the city with P two smau h:t:isT~re are currently enough beds. This ;ite ~tbithere aren't

Role. B: social worker

Role 0 : local doctor
You can't understand why the old hospital isn't going to be rebuilt. It was a small, old-fashioned hospital -and after the fire all the patients were. moved to the main city hospItal. However, the main _ hospital isn't big enough to cater for the whole city, so another hospital is needed, and there is now the opportunity to build one that is -bigger and more modern, and which could have specialist units. Furthermore, a new hospital would "benefit you personally as your office would probably be incorporated "into the hospital.


Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b

You are relieved that your parents know about your hobby, but you are determined to continue it. However, you know that you are going to have to make some compromises to continue, because you need their support. You also hope that they win buy you a motorcycle for your 18th birthday. You'll have to think of a couple of very good reasons why they should. Be prepared to listen to your parents' arguments and agree to anything sensible. Reassure them th~t you will continue to study and you WIll go to college . You really want a motorcycle, but you'\I wait to get a good one, and you have some money that you can contribute towards the cost.


You are horrified at Emma's hobby and you're very angry that she hid it from ¥ou. You also don't like Jake, her boyfriend, whose bike she uses. You want her to stop motorcycling but you don't want to have a huge argument about it. You're worried that it's dangerous, especially racing .

You are also concerned about Emma's hobby, but you're not as worried as her mother. You know that Emma is a sensible girl and that she doesn't take unnecessary risks. You are worried about the cost of a motorcycle if she continues, though, and the costs of insuring it. You also feel that she should be using a small, not very powerful bike right now, as she hasn't had a lot of experience. You're prepared to pay some of the money towards a motorcycle for her birthday, but not a\1.

Try to persuade Emma to stop racing and to go o~ the motorcycle only in safe, places, I.e. not on main roads. You re aware that she has probably not had a proper course in riding a motorcycle, and offer to pay for one before she gets a bike of her own.

Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 4d Read the next paragraph of the story.

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Exercise 4c/d Choose one part from each of groups 1. 2 and 3 to write your description.

I climbed the chain-link barrier fence while the two brothers took the tension out of the barbwire strands at the top. Enough so I could straddle the fence, get one foot on the concrete wall of the aqueduct and drop some ten or twelve feet to the bottom. Then they lowered the bikes down to me su.s~nded on their belts. We rode for miles dOw~ this grant cOrridor of cement, the wheels of our bikes bumping over the brown lines of caulking used to seal the seams. Except for those seams it was the smoothest, flattest surface I'd ever ridden a bike on. (Story ending: The bo% spend hours bike riding in the aqueduct and through a tunnel, and they are eventually picked up by the police and taken home.)

Group 1

Group 2


Unit 6 Lesson 4 Exercise 7a Read the full version of the story of tho hitchhiker. A friend of 8 friend was driving along the Massachusetts Highway one night when he noticed a young woman walking along the side of the road. Concerned for her safety, he pulled over and asked her if she would like a ride. Without saying a word. she got into the car. As they were driving, he tried to engage her in conversation, but she remained silent and didn't say a single word during the entire journey. At the end of the Highway, he stopped at somo lights. The young woman got out of the car without saying goodbye or thanks. Thinking sho was extremely ungrateful, the man drove off and thought no more about her. A feW days laler he was cleaning his car when he noticed a purse on the floo r. Inside the purse was Ihe address of a house not too far away so he decided to return it to the young woman. when he arrived at tho house, an old man opened the door. The young man exp lained that he had come to return the purse to the young woman who lived there. The old man looked at the purse in amazement. "This purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed in a car accident on tho Massachusetts Highway more than 20 years ago."

Group 3

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Exercise 3 A So, this question. Which of these does not go with the word white? a) meat, b) bread, c) tea, d) egg. B Well, we definitely use white with egg . e Isn't it meat? D Na, I don't think so. Chicken is white meat. e Oh, you're rii ht. A It's c, tea, right? We can have black tea, but we say tea with milk, not white tea, right? D Yes, that's right, so it's c. What's the next question? A What is the name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it: a) the Black Sea, b) the Sea of Marmara, c) the Mediterranean Sea, or d) the Caspian Sea? C Oh, that's difficult. I have no idea. D Well , let's try to figure it out. It isn't the Mediterranean. B No, that's right. And the Caspian Sea is in Russia, I think. What do you think, Laura? A Yes, I think you're right. So maybe irs the Black Sea? C No, I think you're wrong, Laura. I went to the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. D So ... do we all agree that it's the Sea of Marmara? All Yes, let's put that ...

Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 2c So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to bum fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now, we will have run out of them within a couple of generations. We need to look at clean, renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and tidal power. But what is the present government doing? In a word, NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this, our future looks dark, very dark. If pollution continues to increase, our towns and cities will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. We'll be living in a world where, when it rains, it will rain ACID ... acid rain. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Facemasks ... facemasks will have become common in towns and cities. Vou see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemask today, but that's not the norm. Imagine ... a world where every living person wears a facemask. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie, I'm talking about your street, your town, your city ... I'm talking about your world ! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic, so much traffic, ladies and gentleman, that parking will have become a major problem. There will simply not be enough space to park your car. Parking places on the street - fulL Public and private parking lots - full! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. Already gridlock is a common, everyday problem. Imagine in ten years, my friends! Just imagine. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lack of clear policy on genetically modified food: and the way things are going, sadly, much of our food will soon be genetically modified. It may look like the answer in the short term, but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the health of our people? And that's not all. The economy will continue to deteriorate and, as a result, our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels, perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy - a vote for the people party. So on Thursday, vote for us, vote for ...

Answers and scores
Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise zb
Un it 4 Develop your writing Exer cise s b Compare this model paragraph with the one you have written.

Figure out your partner's score llnd read the analysis. Do you agree?


_ _ _'_ '_._

_ _

._ _ - -. ~ - . -1--

Internet addict or Internet phobe?

1 a3 2 a1 3 a1 4 a3

b2 b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b2 01


5 a1 6 a1 7 a3

b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b 2 01

An a lYSis

18-21 : You're hooked on the Internet! If you don't start cutting back soon you may end up "disconnected" from the rea l world!
11-17: You have a healthy interest in information technology but you balance it with an interest in ~reallife". 7-10: Is your life affected at all by recent developments in

Ji-rwlLy, there is the quesb:on. rf fw.,edgm. and oLtgai:vm.s in tk fa-wLJi. On. """ ,",wi, _ Imngs duua. On 1M dheo-, " 1m"!!, ~. ')rkm. fw.,edgm. and ~ are nd 6aLa-need, there is cqn,f{jd. JOy exa'"rnfle, a !:ee?lL1ffY -wanis f:.o go !:o a po;.ty and tk pJ.;yenis dIJ nd -wani tIwm. f:.o ffJ. )tow can flus ccnftid be ewied. l /3df.. pa..ties -need 'WOYk. /;0 u">Ui.e:r1;a.nd the dhc:Ys peYSpx1:i've and I:d..e ~ fq,- theiy O>+n adions. .k paYenls -need f:.o 5Iurw theiy ciuld.Yen I:.Iu1l -wJh fw.,edgm. COmeS ~, so chi!d.Yen need 5Iurw paren1:s t/uU; !:ky can -manage t/uU; ~. In my w"W, the I:ee~ sIwuld.. tei1l:J-.ei.y paYems wf1ere t-ky aYe gccng, ..,.,.fll1f; k'»le !:ky ...dt niurn. fu:rme, and ask. ~ !:o go.




~y tkn needs !:o fuLfill theiy otligalwn. £wY]! b.'»Ie a paYe:n1 and a ciuld.'s /::rn1; is wi fmi<.e.n, freedom ...dt i~. Of cau:r!e, alL !:fu.s is ea5[ey sad I:f.an done. Hc»e-yey, by tnd and em?Y a-nd. genu..?1£ Lo-ve and wn.dedandJ.-ng fa~ can 6ecurne ewn. ~.

Information Technology? You are in no danger of getting hooked bu t it may be a good idea to explore the Internet a little more: it might enrich your life rather than limit it.

Un it 5 Develop your learning Exercise lb Check the key to the questionnaire.

Uni t 4 Lesson 3 Exercise l b

25·36: An excellent score! You're getting lots of good practice and if you
keep doing these things your confidence can only grow. As they say, the best way to improve your speaking is to speak and you're certainly doing that . But that doesn't mean you should sit back and relax. Keep looking for ways to challenge yourself.

Look at the analysis for your score. Do YOli agree?

Your score
M ostly a: you're a fa ir-weather friend, You use your friends and see them when it suits you, but drop them Quickly if you no longer want their friendship. Do you have any old friends?

13-24: You're doing a lot of things riglit. Congratulations! But don't stop
there. There are still opportunities to take. Look down the list and see what you can work on . And although having imaginary conversations with yourself in English may sound half crazy, it does work. So build on the good work you're dOing!

Mostly b: you're a very good friend. but you're probably not quite as honest In friendships as you should be. You don't say what you think. so people don't always believe what you say. Mostly c: you 're a great friend. You probably have a lot of close friends because you are very caring and loyal. You make friends easily and keep friends fOl" a long time.


Things aren't too bad and can only get better. Most people feel uncomfortable speaking in a foreign language but one thing is for sure - it will only get better if you work at it. Start by speaking more in class. You can also record yourself speaking English or have imaginary conversations ;n English. It rea lly helps. So start today - life's too short to miss opportunities and you never know where English could take you. Good luck!

U n it 4 Lesson 4 Exer cise 38 Check your answers

ami re"d the analysis for you.

Un it 7 Lesson 3 Exercise lc Read the analysis for your score. Do you agree?

a - O b- I c - l a -I b- O c - l a-O b - I c - l a -I b - l

a -O

b- I

c - O c - O

c -I

You haven't learned how to be assertive, have you? You shou ld take credit for the work you do and make more of your career opportunities. Don't let people take advantage of you _ You have your beliefs and you stand up for them, but you also respect the rights of others to express t heir views _You've gotten a good balance into your life. confident but you should try and show more consideration for other people's feelings and views.


Well, you're very honest (If you've answered the quiz honestly, of courser). Lying or cheating really isn't your thing, is ttl Good for your 9-19: You have been known to lie or try to cheat the system a IJttle, but who hasn't' There may be the odd occasion when being a little dishonest Is acceptable, but don't do it very ottent 20-32: Have you really told the truth in answering the questions or is that not In your nature' Your score suggests that you think nothing of being dishonest - but what do other people think about this!
Unit 9 Lesso n 2 Exercise lb Check your ans wers to th e 1.Q. puzzles.


7· 12. You've become a bit too aggressive: it's good to be

1 c 2 d 3 b 4 The man is very short and can't reach the
bulton for th e 10th floor.

Communication activities


Student A
Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise lb Read the text about SlIlma Hayek's cnrl y life. Complete the graph.

soap opera
went to

moved to LA

became an



went to school in Louisiana kicked out
of school




dropped out of university

Livin' the Vida Loca

5alma Haye k is the first Mexican actres~ to Hollywood movie star Since become a R' Ha ek was bom in Veracruz, Dolores De lio. Y 2 1966 He r parents M 'co on Septem ber, . eXI, a rivate Catholic school in

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exen::ise 1 b Read the text about ka rate. then go back to page 82.

sent her to


11 The school
• . behave

Louisiana whe n she was

expelled h e r because she used to mls constantly. and so she had to return

In college she stu

Karate is a form of martial art originating over two thousand years ago in India. However, it is now known as a Japanese martial art: it was brought to Japan via China and became established there in the 17th century. The word karate means "empty hand", which describes the open hand technique used now - the sport used to involve closed fist fighting before it evolved into its present form. The aim of karate is to be in total control of the muscles in your body so that you can use them with force and accuracy. Experts often break objects to show mental and physical training but when

Martial arts:
they fight, their blows do not make physical contact. The sport is based on attacks with the feet or the hands, but the force and momentum comes from the hips, so good balance and hip rotation is everything. Many people take up karate as self-defense, although for many others the martial art and the philosophy behind it form a way of life.

d' d Intemational Relations

but she didn't finish her studies; instea • ~ e d out with the intention of becoming droppe arents didn't agree at fi~st, an actress. Her p ' d to goong h Hayek wasn t use bU~i:~~hh:~gparents' wishes, she ~ollo",:ed ~er



~;stincts. Her first break w;S gett~~;~o:ul: i~

local theate r, which didn t pay . Then she got a starrmg . was good experience. The role in a popularTV soap opera. Tereso . . Hayek famous m shoW'S success ma d e . Mexico. Despite her success, she deCided to quit the show and to move to L.A. to make a career in Hollywood.

misbehave act in an unacceptable way instincts natural feelings


martial to do with war or fighting
momentum the rorce thai keeps something moving


Communication octivities

five years . example. a tee n thriller. We want 3 global ban on GM . The film wa s a huge success in the U. T h is solution used local materials. the movie that followed F o . did muc h be ~ter. Even dun ng the famines in Ethiopia. not expensIve technology. there is an unp redIctabIlity and uncertainty in genetic modific3tion because of a 13Ck of knowledge about how genes work.S. which is why wc muSI find alternatives. ~ unger in the world is to do wi th mo ney. d systcm \\-"O. the government exported f~ from there because that was the way me economiC ".-'.. BUI we must ha\"C 3 right to look carefully al those that are da ngerous. which a lso starred Will Smith a n~ Kevin Kline. Haye k had a starring role in Wild Wild Wen. tcchnical solution thai wlil lead to orner problems later. They won't be. Haye k released Frida base d on the life of the fa mous M exica~ painter. Till Dawn ( 1996).. ne\"er been a serious faminc •. GM food: the arguments against Although we haven't proved that ~M ~~ps are dange rous. she used to avoid the movie crowd when she first arrived there. For . ® Dogma Despemdo The Faculty Frida was a huge success learned to drive @ ® ® good ® learned English From Dusk TIll Dawn bombed Wild Wild West bad Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 311 Livin' the Vida Loca Although Hayek was use d to considerable success and fam e in Mexico. UtaI s.StudentB U nit 2 Lesson 1 Exer cise 1b Read the text and complete the graph about Sa1ma Hayek's life after sho moved from Mexico to the U. Grecnpeacc says food supply is nOI the issue. Road th e arguments against GM foo d and complete the table on page 106. biotechnology provides resistance to certam insects but only for 3 period of. rom usk.The alternative is to plant a kind of grass that gelS nd of the insects.S. was a success With both critics a nd audiences. Unfortunately. say. and the grasses were used to feed anim~ls. and Dogma (1999). Th.. This was done with corn and the crop doubled. He r next moyie Desperado. she decided not to pursue her career immediatety in LA. The actress got her first big break in 1991 when she starred in My Crazy Life. office. ~e GM solution is 3 quick. which starred Antonio Banderas I put Haye k on the Hollywood map: Unfortunately. Frida Kahlo.e. The Faculty (1998). On th e contrary. Instead. GLOSSARY pursue to follow a courso of action bomb (in this context) to be a failure GLOSSARY biotechnology science basad on cells and bacteria ban stopping someone from doing something Communication aetMties 151 .. We 3re not saying that all GM cropS arc dangc rous.. Hayek spent her first yea r learn ing English and sh e also learned to drive. In the sam e year. There are other \~ays that can acmallY provide a better long-term solunon. the film was a disaster. in any country whcre merc·s been a democracy. bombe d at the box. In late 2002.

2 Listening for gist Read through the questions in Exercise 2 carefully as a class. We ore beautiful in fNCry single way. But tomorrow will find a wayan the other side. Words can't bring you down. she is saying that everybody shou ld feel confident about being positive and "'beautiful". Ask students to listen and complete the lyrics. Yes. Answers: The song is ahout how everybody is beautHul inside. no. no molter whot we soy. I'm so ashamed. teft the puzzle undone. locations in students' countries. etc. No molter what we do. Yes. So don't you bring me down today. ·Couse you ore beautiful in ~ery single way. words con't bring me down. she is speaking directly to the people listening to her. Play the song. So don·t you bring me down today. oh. Words con·t bring me down. Students have to listen and "choose" the wo rd they hear. 4 Finishing off Discuss lhe questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Yes. Yes. and saying tbat they should feel beautiful. oh. no. 'Couse we ore beautiful no molter what they soy.Units 1 &2 Beautiful Lead in by Christina Aguilera Bring in your own pidures of beautiful people and things: pop and film stars. You may need to play it more than once. Is that the woy it is? Song 1 T 134-13S Beautiful . Let students check their answers in pairs. write them at random on the board. Use these pictures when doing the group work task in exercise 1 . and should have the confidence to feel beautiful. the pieces gone. too. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And ~erywhere we go the sun will always shine. Ask students to listen and choose the best answe r. ~~---------------------------------------------------. In the last verse and chorus. 3 Listening for detail Play the song agnin. 10m beautiful in ~ery single way. In the chorus. 1 Getting started Put students in groups of four or five to do the task in Exercise 1. Trying hard to fill the emptiness. In the first verse the singer is singing about how she feels. even if other people are criticizing them. Addiflonol activity What makes a person beoutifvl? Ask students to work in small groups to make 0 list of five or six things thot make a person beautiful inside and/or outside. Preseillalion If students have problems hearing the missing words. words won't bring us down. irs hard to breathe. no. Now and then t get insecure from all the poin. • 1Iemative Put studen ts in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 3b. Don't look at me Every day is so wonderful then suddenly. To all your friends you're delirious. ("ugly" and as hamed because she's famous and has too much exposure). words can't bring you down. You ore beautiful no molter what they soy. I am beautiful no molter what they soy. oh. Sa don·t you bring me down today. no. or piny and pause. So consumed in all your doom. oh. words con·t bring us down.

Ask students to share their ideos with the class. . Your mother wamed you there'd be days like these. So no one told you life was gonna be this way. Addi1ional acIivity 6S~-------------------------------------------------------------------. your week. or even your year. I'U be there for you When the rain storts to pour 111 be there for you Uke I've been there before 111 be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. you're broke. buy a house. When it hasn1 been your day.and get married. Someone to face the day with.OA Irs like you're always stuck in second gear. Someone rll always laugh with. Ask What are the names of the characters? What do they do? Can you remember any words from the theme song? 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the text with the words in the box. etc. I'll be there for you When the rain starts to pour I'll be there for you Uke I've been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Yeah! trs like you're arways stuck in second gear. And it hasn't been your doy. Ask students to listen and fill the rest ofthe blanks. make rt through all the rest with I'll Be There For You T1 36-137 Song 2 . etc. Seems you're the only one who knows what irs like to be me. Ask students to listen and write T or F. rm best with you. No one could ever know me. Then put them in pairs to discuss their answers. your month. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing as a class. have babies. ask three or four students to tell the class what their partner told them. Give students three or four minutes to prepare answers to the questions they have chosen. Play the song again. Even at my worst. your month. and fill in any blanks they can remember.Units 3 &4 I'll Be There For You by The Rembrandts Lead In Ask students what they know about Friends. Ask students in pairs or small groups to complete the sentence starter above in five different ways. your love life's D. In the feedback. but . 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to read through the statements carefully. For example. Your job's a joke. or even your year. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your knees that . @ ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask student to read the words of the song carefully. You're sfill in bed ot ten and work began at eijght.. Vocabulary connected with friends: share on apartment = live in the same apartment Vocabulary hong oul (with friends I in cofesl = spend lime together fall oul = hove an argument and slop being friends make up = apologize and be friends again sett!e down = stop being young and "free" . A friend is . rll be there for you When the rain storts to pour I'll be there for you Uke rve been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. your week. Play the song for Exercise 2. but . A friend is forever. things are gOing great. no one could ever see me. A friend is someone you can trust. You've burned your breakfast so far.

uh) Now there's just no chance. yeah yeah IAin1 gonno cry no more. Why did you leave me. cry me) Cry me a river. you were my earth. Let them discuss ideas with a partner. note some good contextuaiized examples of the language and write them on Ule board . Play the song for Exerc. Elicit responses from the class and discuss the answers to Exercise 1 a to le. you and mel And don't it make you sod abou' it. What does burn bridges literolly mean? Why is il a good metaphor for saying you can'. You don" hove 10 sa(. cry me) 5ong3 T138·139 Cry Me A River . all olooo? Oh the domoge is done so I guess I be leaving. all alone? Now you teH me you need me when you coil me on the phone. yea·yeol Cry me a rivef Cry me a rivef. Idioms You could explore the idiomatic nature of some of the language In feedback. Cry me a river IGo on and just) Cry me a river IGo on and jus!I Cry me a river IBaby go on and just) Cry me a river yeah. INa chonce.. there11 !AI olonel Now you tell me you need . who! you did) I already know. lrm not like them baby) Your bridges were burned and ncm irs your tum Itt's your turnl To cry. Ask students 10 listen and check. Cry me a river Cry me a river Cry me a rivef You know tho1 they SCI'i some things ore betrer left unsoid. I already know. oh Cry me a river. who! you did.. you must hove me confused with some ather guy. Oh Cry me a river IBoby go on and justl ~ Cry me a river rfou can go on and just) Cry me a rivef. 1"\0. oh (Cry me.ise2 . Cry me a river. hove to SCI'i. there11 never be. there'll INa chance.. yeah yeah IOhi The domoge is done So I guess I be leaving. refuse is a verb. ~ WOSI"I11ike you only talked 10 him and you know it. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. But I bel you didn1 think your thing would come crashing and now it's your turn to cry. For example. for you and me. go bock? Ask students how they would express the idioms in theif language.. oh (Cry me. for you and me. All of these thilgs people lOkI me keep messing with my head. II already know! Now there's just no chance. oh """"' be. 3 Listening for detail Ask students to try to complete the song with the words in tbe box. Your bridges were burned me when you call me. You told me you loved me INtrv did you leave me. 1 000l ad like you don" know it). I refuse. You tokl me you loved me.. And don't it make you sod about it. you must hove me confused with some other guy.be. no. (Cry me. cry me) Cry me a river. [Messing with my head) You should've picked honesty. I found out from him. oh ICry me. Oh down. ~ '" You were my sun. II already know. !When you call me on the phone] Girt. point oul to students thai. SUI you didn't know oillhe ways I loved you. Cry me a river IGo on and lustl Cry me a rivef IBoby go on and jus!) Cry me a river IGo on and just! Cry me a rivef ICouse rve already cried! Cry me a river.. oh Cry me a rivef. Before they do the lask. leaving. You don·t hove to SCI'i. for you and me. lOon" hove to sa(. you and me) And don'l it make you sod about it. Ask students in pairs to try to use the vocabulary in the context of relationships. So you took a chonce. (Danl hove to soy. whot you did. l lound CUI from him. Oh the damage is done So I guess I be leaving. whot you did. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions carefully. oh Cry me a river. who! you didl I already know. Now there's just no chance. ask. and mode other pions. singer telling boy/girlfriend why the relationship is over.. Girl. As you elicit answers. Ask When did you losl cry? Whot kinds of things make you cry? What do you think Cry me a river means? 1 Getting started Ask students to match the sentence halves and then check their answers in pairs. I refuse. ~ Note Play the song again. on Ihe phone. I found ou1 from him. here. cry me) Cry me a river. then you may not have blown it. yeah IOhi The damage is done So I guess I be . You don'. Additional acttvity Rale·play one of the situations suggested by the song: friend trying to make singer feel better.Units5& 6 Cry Me A River by Justin Timberlake Lead in Write Cryan Ihe board.. Ask students to listen and circle the correct answer.

I'd just allow a frogmenl of your life 10 wonder free. . and see if they can remember or guess the missing words. He was knighted in 1998. In the feodback. Culture note E1ton John Ellon John was born in England in 1947. Lead in 1 Getling started Elicit as much information about George Michael and Elton Jobn as you can from students. Ask students to discuss how the words might connect to the song in pairs. Frozen here on the ladder of my life. Don·t let The Sun Go Down On Me T 140-141 Song 4 . Dh. He is famous for his outrogeous clothes and glosses. He become famous in 1982 when he and his friend Andrew Ridgley hod lOP len hils as the pop bond Whom! His best-known albums are Faith and Older.if the singer's lover does not return. and prepare to present a brief description under these headings: childhood influences career songs gossip Ask one person in each group to make the group's presentation. Play the song again. Ask students to listen and fill in tho blanks. Monitor and prompt. ~ 4 Fi nishing off Discuss lho questions in Exercise 4 as a class. I con'tlight no more of your darkness. irs always someone else Iholl see. Don·t let the sun go down on me Allhough I seorch myself. Have a brief d iscussion in feedback about what the title ofthe song might mean.Units 7 & 8 Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John Bring in pictures of. he hod a 101 of lop len hils. ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask students to road the song carefu lly. 'Cause losing everything is lik. then it will be like the night falling. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to look at the pictures in pairs. Additional activity ~~..e the sun going down on me. Answer: "The sun going down" here means the end of the relationship . Geof'ge Michael George Michael was born in london )0 Greek parents. Irs always someone else I see I'd just allow a frogment of your life to wonder free Bullosing everything is like the sun going dOWTl on me. encourage students to share their best ideas.-------------------------------------------------------------------. baby. Ask students in pairs to match the words to definitions. including Rockel Man and Crocodile Rock. so he is Sir Elton John. Use these 10 elicit ideas and information about the singers. don11et the sun go down on me AIIhough I search myself. Too lale to save mysell from falling I look a chan<:e and changed your way of lile But you misread my meaning when I met you Oosed the door and left me blinded by the light Don'tlel the sun go down on me Although I search myself. His feol nome is Reginald Dwight He become famous in the 19705 when. Elton John andlor George Michael..e the sun going doWTl on me. irs always someone else tholl see I'd just allow a fragment of your life 10 wander free 'Couse losing everything Is lik. His real name is Giorgos Kyriatou Ponayiotou. Ask students in groups of three to think of a singer or bond they know well.. or CDs by. writing with Bernie Toupin. oh. All my pictures seem 10 fade to black ond white rm growing tired ond time stands sUIl before me Icon1 find the right romantic line But see me once and see the W!rf I feel Don1 discord me just because you think I mean you harm Butlhese cuts I hove they need lave to help them heal. Play tho song and ask students to listen and order the pictures. and tell each other what they think might be happening in cach. His most famous song is CondIe in the Wind.

responsible. when all the world's asleep." Divide the class into groups of six. joyfully. Ask students to fill in the blanks. I know it sounds absurd. you please. 3 Listening for detail Once students have completed the sentences in Exercise 3a with the adjectives. a miracle. Won'. when all the world's asleep. a criminal! Oh won" you sign up your nome. the questions run 100 deep for such a simple man. cynical. a vegetable! At night. magical! And all the birds in the trees. intellectual. play the song again. and check their answers with a partner. Find out which pair gal the most. well they'd be singing so happily. -able.oble. we'd like to feel you're accep. I know it sounds absurd. clinical. oh it was beautiful. And then they showed me a world where I could be so dependoble. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to decide on the order of stages. it seemed that life was so wonderful. but please tell me who I am. watch what you say or they'll be calling you a radical. Ask students to number the words in the correct order. or -a/words from the lesson.able. but please tell me who 10m. and -af on the board. respectable. who have to guess which word they are describing. Let students read thro ugh the song to check their answers. They read their words aloud to the other learn in Iheir group. Play the recording again. 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the questionnaire. presentable. please tell me what we've learned.Units9& 10 The Logical Song Lead in by Supertram p Write -able. They have to write a sentence fhat defines and contexlualizes each word they hove chosen. Song 5 T142-143 The logical Song . 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. a fana tical. Ask each team to choose four -ible. When I was yaung. playfully watching me! But then they sent me awoy to teach me how to be sensible. Won't you please. Elicit answers from the class and find out who believes school is useful and who thinks it is harmful. the questions run so deep for such a simple man. Pronunciation note Note that the stress goes on the syllable just before -ible or . -ible. or words they come up wi fh in the lead in. Divide each group into two teams of three. logical. and ask them to read out their list. Ask students in pairs to write as many English adjectives as they con thol end with these suffixes in one minute. Addltionalocttvity ~8 - Ploy -guess the word. Then play the song so that students can check their ideas. a liberal. practical. Now. please tell me what we've learned. There are times.

Units 11 & 12 Come Away With Me by Norah Jones Bring in a large picture or pictures of a rock band or pop singer. and have them tell their group their idea for the story. Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they con't tempt us With their lies Iwant to walk with you on a cloudy doy In fields where yellow grass grows Knee high 50 won" you try to come? Come away with me and we'll kiss On a mountain top Come away with me And I'll never stop loving you For I wont to wake up with the rain Falling on a tin roof While I'm safe there in your arms 50 0111 ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me Come Awoy With Me T144-145 Song 6 . splitting the original pairs. Elicit one or two short stories for the class to hear. ask questions )0 make sure students know the more djfficult words. Student B is Norah and has to read the biographical details in exercise Ib again so that he or she is ready to answer questions. Brainstorm and write on the board as many words as you con connected with the subjed of rock music. 2 Listening fo r gist Play the song. Ask students to fill in the blanks. In feedback. Then put students in groups of four or five . Play the recording again. Put students in pairs to create a story using the pictures. Lead In 1 Getting started Ask students to discuss the words in pairs and look up unknown words in their dictionary. Role-play an interview with Norah Jones. AddIIIonaI actMIy ~'-----------------------------------------------------------. for example: What do you call the place where bonds record musiC? (studio) Whol is a live show by a band in a bar or club called? Igigl Ask students to complete the text with words from Exercise la and then check with a partner. Ask students to listen and label the pictures. 3 Listening for detail Let students read through the song to check their answers. Student A is the interviewer and has to prepare questions to ask. ~ 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 in groups and as a class.

nere it rains a Iot7 (ANSWER: a rainforest) 6 'IoIhat do yo u suffer from the next day if you have drunk too much alcohoP (ANS WER: II hangover) 7 What do you call old or broken th ings wh ich are worthless? (ANSWER: junk) 8 Can you give me five different features of the human face? (ANSWER: chin.3? (ANSWER: eating) 1 What do we call the father of your wife or husband? (ANSWER: father-in-law) 4 What do you call those two lines of hair above your (?yeS? (ANSWER: eyebrows) S What is the colledive name for a massive number of trees in a tropical region. T 260 QuizCords OEtIiIoricIMocniIondeMl!xko. If you are successful.) Name the sport where two people wea ring special gloves fig ht each other in a ring. and don't move back.<ooliouedfmmpogen291 Words Is a tabloid newspaper small or big in size? (ANSWER: small) 2 What do you stop doing if you suffer from anorexi.someone. armpit. fist . The word combines two words: 'electron ic' an d ' magazine'. nose) 9 lNhat is an 'Fl Student Visa' used for? (ANS\\'ER: Students who want to study in the U. heel. for example. (ANSWER: exam ples might include visits to museums. knee. bottom.S.) Don't move forward.V. box. people evaluate each other using the 'three Vs'. bottle. What are they? (ANS WER: Visual (the way you look). your team can move fOfWard one square_ Give eight different words for containers. etc. etc.. waist.. eyelids.) 4 Can you name the man who developed the theory of 'multiple intelligences'? (ANSWER: Gardner) S 1Nhich disease does Muhammed Ali suffer from? (ANSWER: Parki nson 's) 6 What was the infamous couple Bonnie and Clyde so well known for? (ANS\¥ER: Robbing banks) 7 What is the opposite of an introvert ? (ANSWER: An extrovert) 8 1Nho was the infamous German leader during Wood War II? (ANSWER: Adolf Hitler) 9 According to one study. Tem ptation Island. (ANSWER: talk shows. jar. wrist. shoulders. elbow. ankle.? (ANSWER: football) 3 What do you (aU a magazine that you read on the Internet? (ANSWER: an e--zine.s. head. clubs.. forehead. shin. ears. SAdeC. drama. movies. hip. Move back two spaces. thigh. mouth. foot. need th is type of visa to enter and study there. It might also include sports and SI)Or1 ing events as welt as discos. On a piece of P<lper and wi thout speaking a word. move fOfWard two spaces. (ANSWER: abdomen. eyebrows.) 4 5 Can you give me the name of three famous Reality TV programs? (ANSWER: Big Brother. your team I1'IOYe5 fOfWard two spaces. what does the word circuldrion mean? (ANSWER: The number of copies sold every day.. The Rolling Stones. movie houses.no is aggressive_ If the opposite team guesses the adjective correctly. your team can move forwa rd one square. you can move forward one space _ (ANSWER: tube. fingers. documentaries. pack. Oh. Sing a song in English or move back two spaces_ Mime this type of person . /)0'(. theatres. (ANSWER: Mick Jagger) 2 Which famous Australian actor directed a film about Jesus Christ? (ANSWER: Mel Gibson) 3 Name five parts of the human body. tub. I repeat you cannot speak! If they guess correctly.. current affairs. Stay put! S 6 7 8 \.. Mime this film . America's Next Top ModeL ) In the sentence The newy. can.. toes. (ANSWER: boxing) Wild Card People Name the lead singer of the British rock band. dear! Teday's not your day.) Name three things you would expect to see on a language 6 school's social program.papef has a massive drculiJtion. !l nd bag. 2006 . famous places. calf. carton.] What does DVD stand for? (ANSWER: Digital Versatile Disk) Name five different kinds of TV program. 10 By what name was the terrorist Inich Ramirez Sanchez better known? (ANSWER: Carlos the Jackal) 1 2 3 4 Stand up and whistle a song by any English-speaking group_ If you do this successfully. llUiz shows. eyes.Quiz cards Entenainment 2 .) 10 What is the informal word for not having any money? (ANSWER: broke) What or who was 'Pong'? (ANSWER: The first video game) What kind of program has the highest audience ratings in the U. special ceJooI'8tions such as Thanksgiving.. and natural landmarks. Vocal (the way you solllld) and Verbal (w ha t you say). 7 8 9 historical sights. If the opposite team guesses correctly. draw a picture of someone in the class so that the other team can guess their identity.Lord of the Rings: The Two Tovvers. lips.. hand.

Friend Why do you think irs mostly young guys. For Exercise 2 an Page 114 .thaI's nat just for men or boys. That just means irs full of adventure and monsters and lots of pretty violent odion.you moy have heard of iI. so I'd soy they ollrad all ages from six to sixty. Friend Kinds of games? What do you mean? Johnny Well. We know bays tend to be mare violent than girls . il appeared in 1972 and il was pretty bosic. Bed:hom. Zidone.it was called Pong.. And they hove the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books . so whot oboutlhe harmful effects? You know. A classic of this type is Alone in Ihe Dark.For Exer cise 2 on Page 114 "Port 1 Friend So what exoctly is it you do. in which you can lake on Ihe identity of your favorite soccer player.. one of the most popular Kinds of videa game is the 'heroic action" game. But whot kind of people do they allrac!?' bel irs all . Ronalda. as you can imagine.. For Exercise 2 on Page 1I4 .all for the boys.. A good example 01 this type is Commando . then videa games ore a good choice. of course.. I don't understand. but in video games they toke port. like the horror movie. like Pro-Evolution Soccer. the early days. there are loIs of sports videa g<lmes. Audiascripts T 261 . yeah. Friend Pong!? Johnny Yeah! Anyway. Part 3 Friend .the use of color is fantastic. either. like. ~53 '-------------------. The thing \ really like about them is the dynamism . I've only heard of Tomb Raider. I think port of it is that boys seem to be attracted to new technology more than girls. And of course.. thaI's not true.. they hove on active role. they start from as young as six and ploy till they be<ame young adults. Friend Yeah. Then. I dunna .the grophks these days are incredibly ollroctive and real.. who are attracted to ~ i deo games? Johnny II"s difficult to soy. Johnny No. You know.. no . something that really allrods people to videa games is the grophks . There are so many different kinds of games now. There must have been a 101 of changes since then. Then they're simple to ploy.. the people who play videa games are mostly young. and you can make up your own dream team. Port 2 Friend What is it that makes these video games so popular? Johnny Well. some people say videa games have bod effects on the people who ploy them.. ThaI's a long time! Friend Yeah. I've been designing them since the . the instrudions are really obvious. I bet iI's all boys and yaung guys. over 20 years. something like Zelda is a successful example of this type. but you can ploy them at horne.to me they have the dynamism of movies. In the movies the viewers are passive. Ihe early 80s. too. Johnny? Is il computer programming? Johnny Sort of -I design videa games. Friend Mmm. Something thaI really annoys me oboul these games is the way they're all so mole-oriented . If yoU're looking for realistic entertainment. they involve the players in imaginative WfSo/S. and especially teenoge boys. Friend fr. Johnny Some Kind of thing. whoever. Friend Not really my scene.. There are video games involving magic and mythological sellings .. but sadly I think the things that may make them attradive to guys are the adion and the violence in so many of them. and they do tend to be young guys . Johnny Well. 1M above all. I guess I can see that. Friend Sounds awful. What is it that makes these videa games so papular? 52~---------------------------------------------------.you can find plenty of adults playing. Do you think .. Johnny You bet! I remember the first videa game . But since then Videa games have been getting more and more sophisticated. there's the horror video game. Butl think that really the commerciol success of video games is that they appeaito all ages .

3 cn. a False. 6 named. 3 altraclive. 2 was.~ Exercise 2 1 d. on my lasl birthday Simple past and used to: when I was a ctWd. six. aJYOIl8: 7 '/ohlal. 6 radcaI. 3 False. 4 emoIicon. 6 hazel.. 3 conversatoo I. 7 d. 2 used la. 2 speaker 3. 6 SErious. 2 a. 2 proof. 10 False Exercise 4 I True. 5 tasci1atng. 4 ~ 5 a .. 2 bored. know ead'I other. S True. 2 Grace McBride. 6 Exercise 4 SfnpIe past: yesterday. a "terested wrow. 7 the job . 8 speaker 4 T262 . 6 Martil MartIl'1f!. 12 know1edge. 6 speaker 2. 8 WhaI. 5 a Exercise 3 I c. 4 FalSe. Exercise 6 Across: 5 fortune.n. 2 True. 5 I'm writJng you now to i'Mle you to dnnef. Sa. 2 i. means: 4 1i<e. I. 3 dowIioad. 4 duI. 5 are.4. 3 1. 7 False. 10 ransom. 4 fould. stlXlying. 8 If orly I hadn't beerl so stupidl Exercise 2 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 t 4 L 5 ~ 6 g. 8 f 1 didn'.d. 5 doY. 8 False Exercise 5 Exercise 2 1 interested. 2 interest 3 SU'P'ise. 6 revise. 9 e>!pIaned. 6 already. 6 appealing. 3 did. SQ: 3 know. 3 1m cookhg. 7 l!lliery. Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 was.terested. 10 like Unit 1 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 hazel. 40. 3 True. 7 creatrve.Jl. 7 asked. COlIltry. 6 False. 2 know. 6 False. 5 QLDeI . 4 interesled. 2 is annoying. 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 5 ~. 3 earn: 4 buy. 2 had pa. 8 conversatoo. 7 played. 7 'm not dci1g.4. 9 asked.. S TM Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l allactment. 8 ~it 1 !llQ(ley. 7 g. 12 "" Exercise 5 I 10lII'ld. last year. S recenUy. 3 cold. 5 r\leresl. 2 h. 5 team. 7 blond. 7 were. 7 ddn1. 3 used to. S Exercise 6 Conv£wsa\ll. 7 True. ConversatlCtl Eis about someone's Exercise 7 1 True. 8 e True. 5. 5 1ound. 9. 7 expressions. 7 c. 3 True. 5 tar. whef11 was 14. 2 d. March. 5 c. 5 Grace McBtide. a j. tOO roorni'g.Tioad. 2 nterestO'. 8 ta1ing Exercise 2 1 amm. 3 fame. Unit 3 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Maley. 6 False. 6 e. 2 False. 2 chcv1ged. 7 SR)8. 8 ():Ies this Exercise 3 1 Are. 3 a 4 b. name. ttls anernoon.!. 6 i'.trt.. 5 conservative.6. 3 rot'l'lMtic. 71. eiglt r'I'IhJtes Since: 2003. 2 I sUI haven't spokoo to Jack. 8 " terest Unit 3 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6~ 7L 8a Unit 1 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 active. 7 rising. 5 bored. last week. 6 True. 5 ~ 6 a. 4 Martin Martinez. 6 f~.. 3 e. 8 True. 6 bored. waste: 5 1'111: 6 borrow: 7 sperd. 2 rose. 8 friendly Unit 4 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 I Inp!essions . 9 a1traction Exercise 4 1 False. 7 f9C0QrMze. 8 irritatng. S weren1 used 10. 6 radical Exercise 3 1 happy. 3a. 8 cash: 9 ~ 1 SInCe. 4 bg off. 2 ptXe. 7 I believe you den'. 10 aware. 4 was used to. 6 discipWned. 8 1 emporary. S romantic. 9 refuse. a week. watchi1g Exercise 4 1 Do you lke tIJS rTIOIIie? 4 He owns I'M:) ca-s. 2 attractl\lE!.. 10 b Exercise 3 I ever. 5 Have you fM!l used a cha1 room? 6 Have you tned to pefSUade Mary yet? 7 I have recently thoulj1t about my iU1tJ'l!. II crash. 8 rose Exercise 2 1 negatIVe. cats. 2 I orly I had more lriends.. S3f. 4 moved.!.Z. Conversation 0 is about paying too fl'k. 2 worM. 2 fa.8 Exercise 5 1 I have aready read this book. 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 g. 4 SU'pi:se. 8 True Exercise 4 l a 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c . 7 casI1. 82. 6 doesn't have. 3 's practiCing. 13 tend 3 MartIl'1 Martinez. 5 aash. 2 TM. 2 fallilg.t I hadn't ooived tate. 4 Adriana. 5 lor. 3.6b . 4 bkJe. 9 borI1g. 3 False. 3 False. 8 gave. 3 . 4 speaker I. 2d. 8 calls Unit 2 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I I wish I were lamous.I'pise. 3 Qlit. 6 hactl'\. 4 dIAl. 3 True. 2 b. 4 risilg. 7 speaker 3. 2 OI"gar1i2ed. 2 fri9"ds. 3 means. 8 hadn't argued Exercise 4 I !Uprise.&il. mecn. 4 recently. lb. 6 receipt. 10. 7 Grace McBride Mart" Martilez. 4 corwersa100 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 6 used la. 2 isn't used to gattng~: 3 used 10 hate. 5 risi'lg.Workbook Answer Key Unit 1 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 tie. 6 file. 7 True. were. 11 generous. 4 hadn't Ixu. 4 False. 2 M arisot 3 MartsoI. a few holr's. 7 ~ed. 5 True. 11 caIed Exercise 3 Ie. 4 conservative.7. 3 aggressive.tl fly. 6 a 7 c. 8 h<n:Ie. 4 True. 7 internet. in Exercise 3 1 lend: 2 pay. 3 speaker 2. yesterday Exercise 3 1 ~ 2 L 3 a. Conv£wsation B is about paying too IllJCh /c( scmething. 4c Exercise 4 """'. 3 sh:::e. 6 False. 7 True. 2 fl. dressed. 9 progran. 4 judgment. PatA. 4 opened. 7 L 8 b - Exercise 6 1 COIl'o'eI'SaIoo 2. 5 I wish I had a beller job. 8 False Exercise 6 1 generous. Exercise 6 1 nsilg. 8 are. 6 caIed. 4 a. 9 True. 3 modest. 3 Have you seen Mile yet? 4 The gossp has just started. a tcng time. 4 Do you uroderstand. 3 fai". 10 M . 10 Do you wn~eIse? """'" .8. 3 just.4tl. react la. ~. 8 made. 3 1Ned. on my birthday. 5 speaker 4. 2 False. 8d Exercise 6 1 crine. rane: 5 o::vmon. 4 False. 4 COI. 8 sh::e Exercise 2 For: 25 years. name Exercise 7 I e. 6 opened. 6 1wish I hadn't eaten so rructl! 7 If crit I had lislened in SChool. 10 became. 14 Unit 2 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Down: 1 alford. waithg. 9 h. 4 irritatng. 6 am WOfkng. 2 chat. 6 am cooI<. S False. 2 True. 4 gave. a allach'nenl Exercise 3 I looked. 5 hated. 8 I have neyer heard aJYIhilg so Exercise 2 1 's doing. 4 Exercise 5 1 speaker I. 2 cx:n. 2 never.6. 6 fa. 2g. 2 M.oersaIion 4. 9 TM rane. 3 c Exercise 5 1 True. 8 just Exercise 4 1. 6 d 7 a. 6 orb. 6 interest 7 St. 5 respectable.!thy. 7 False. 2 graduated from. 4 True. 7 bored. MarisoI. 5 AdriMa Exercise 6 1 That's.ng.. 5 ooJd.5 c. 2 FalSe.Idl /c( a bad ~ ieI 'Ce. 'm used 10 dOIlg: 4 used to waII:: 5 used to have: 6 'm not used to ctivi'IQ Exercise 3 2. 6 WI'OIe. 7 st •. 7 negalive Exercise 4 l c. 4 If Oft. a a Exercise 5 1 Bi!lie. 7 active. 7 Wus. Sa. II wish. S like. 4 False. Conversation C is about someone whO is rri:serIy. al nne o'clock Exercise 5 I C.)l'l A is about Iendi1g """"'"' """'Y. 5 made. 8 scaed Exercise 2 1 used to take. 4 1s~. 3 'Iirus. 12 website Exercise 2 l c. 2 inyWment 3 ~. 4 /C(. 3 /aIIi). S True. 8 b Exercise 6 2.5. 3 1wish I hadn't spool aI my money.

4 are playing terris. S tar·wealhe' friend. 7 9. 2 g. 6 calories. start: 7 starts: 8 are going. 5 True.'. WOl. 6 False. 3 non· fiction. 10 not have been Exercise 3 The secood. 8 had faJen out Exercise 2 I b . 4 wmkIed. Exercise 5 1 hadn't started. 6 e Exercise 2 1 protejn. 6 are wailing. Exercise 6 I b. 3 1OQ1lfident. 4 B Exercise 2 1 horror stOfY.IIcn'.. 7 ~. 7 a 8 b Exercise 4 2. 2 a 3 ~ 4 a . 2 True. taken: 5 had. 9 Not mentioned. 7 was shown.6. l . 16 offshoot. 2 f\C. 8 b. 3 arrangen"I9'lI. l b. 4 passive.vse. S iltentlOn. Unit 5 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 d. t 8 tradrtiOnal Down: 1 react. 6 actIVe. 2 a. 2 SlJUCk !. 5 detective Exerci se 2 I B. 9 Nevertheless. a prediCted Exercise 6 Across: 1 urban.JIne. S are reading. 4 True.8. 7 False. a f Unit 4 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 WOUd see. 3 1rne. 7 tend. chocolate. 3 NeY8I1he1ess. 4E. 3 B. 2 Columbus. 7 a 8 e """ Exercise 3 l E. 2 A. 8 arrMgE!ITIent. you wonl nm. 10 d Exercise 3 1 IS tne latest n this arr-. Exercise S Exercise 4 l b. 4 NC.aDng series. 5 a Exercise 4 I balar'ced diet 2 protel1. 4 g. a Vespucci Exercise 4 1 b. 7 met. 8 ten. 4 hadn't been.5. 6 is going sYNmlilg. S is going to. S didn't go to. 5 not have been.p 11 the magi. 10 Although Exercise 3 l a. good at tiStenng 3. 4 SCience flC tlOr1. 2 ~ l a 4 ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 a 8 a 9 b. 8 sc:i. l a 4 l 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 e 4 detJJaQding. 9 saw. a L Exercise 4 1 is gcW'Ig shopping. 2 A. 6 oo. 6 Cok.10 Exercise 3 t False. 9 am going to visit.Jd have. chOCoholiC Exercise 3 l D. 8 c Exercise 1 I C. 8 True Exercise 4 1 ~ 2 a. 4 a. 6 wi.<>s<Ys Exercise 2 1 have written. Cervantes. third. l poetry. would have been: 3 hadn't flown. 7 were filled: a has. 7 Mll!l!!igent.llCed Unit 7 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l b. Exercise S 1 C. 15 Mlsist. Exercise 4 l c. woUd have died: 8 hadn't inve1ted. 4 JX>1. 4 a. 2 have written. 10 a Exercise S l d. 8 a Exercise 3 I CoUnbus.~ _ _ _ ~_ T263 . 3 lfflWgetened. 4 a. 5 passive. 5 True. 13 creek. Despite. 5 True.:ate. 7 h.p a friend~.5 c. 2 b. 4 d. 10 True Exercise 6 l a 2~ 3a4a S~ 6~ 7a8b . 3 a. 7 is going to. 2 b. 17 postt. attacked: 6 had lailed: 7 had made. 4 C. 4 should be released. 2 wrote. 5 b. 10 c 9 a. 3 E. 7 c. 7 overweig1l. 2 passive. 2 had lived. 12 cohabit. 4 False. 8 is going to Exercise 2 2. 6 Vespucc:i. 3 True. 10 mabie Exercise S 1 FaJse. 13 select. 4 In spite 01. 2 but then ~ you are a Potter far'!. fifth Bf1d eighlh sentences are correct.7. 3 have beefI sold. 3 D Exercise 3 1 d. 2 c. 4 ~. 8 However. 9 slave. 6 True. 2 c. a tore. 5 dshwasher. 2 <M'T~. 8 c. 5 d. 3 active. 8 MageIan. 2 c. 8 passive Exercise 2 1 was written: 2 are rsoc!: 3 were sold.- Exercise 5 I oval. 3 1. 6 h. potatoes: 4 circulation. 4 b. 14 myth. 6 meIar'd'oIy. SC. wouldn't have struck. S is going to.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 3 1 defme plarVroutne. 5 A Exercise 4 1 acawniC. wouldn't have become. 2 h. 7e. 2 e. 5 A 6 F. 4 absolutely. 7 Mhough. woojdn't have invented: 5 had been. 5 c. 5 a 6 a 7 a. 4 Eriksson. 7 Eriksson. B silcefa. 3 L. 3 True. 6 There IS also some ~ acthg.rrtJus. 5 Eri<sson. 6 a. 9 have corne. 4 is goog to. 6 have been e)l8CUled. 2 are haWlg k. 5 ~ 6 a 7 h. 6 ~ 7 b. 10 dr<rnatic. 9 True Exercise 5 I shotjd be banned. 4 True. 7 have had. 10 would help Exercise 2 1 9. cartdlydrate. 6 b Exercise 2 . 5 aW!(j.. mreais. l b. 5 False. 5 b. 7 gadget.b. "'" Exercise 3 1 make new friends. do4ng Exercise 6 1 B. 3 ~ 4 a . 2 a. 'Jitarni1s. a optimi:itic. 3 IS visitng. 15 moIat. l False. 2 Eriksson. 5 hoOOld. 6 <M'Tocgement. been annot. 2 True. 2 bushy. a False. 3 have been. 3 C. 5 a. 4 D. 7 C. 2 died. 7 F.3. W(:Mjdn't have desigled: 7 haoo't foond. 6 a Exercise 4 Patien::e 3.YI.9 . 6 jaw. 3 eyelids. 8 fiber Exercise 5 l d. 6 e Exercise S 1 Well. 4 False. l C. 3 wanted. 8 but for thJse ~ caugh1 !. 6 i. 6 c " 'Unit 7 Lesson 1 Unit 5 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 ' ~ 2~ 3a 4l 5~ 6~ 7 ~ 8e Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l L 2 a... a sense of tvnor 2. 5 evm thoug/1. 2 g. 3 h&aHhy. 9 h. 3 Not mentioned. 11 biography. 10 e 4 ll\entlOl1. 2 True.n::h. Exercise 6 1 False. 6 True.re. wouldn 't have left: 6 hadn't made.3.a. 6 plastIC. 4 are beng printed: 5 ts beng written: 6 be banned. S YCUlQ viewers mIQh1 find paris of the movie rather fnghlerWlg. rT'O'I9y 2. Exercise 4 . 6 S\Ke Exercise 6 Across: 4 garbage. 6 C ""'" Down: 2 reserrtie. 3 a. 2 wiI. 5 e. 3 1. 7 False Unit 5 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 Unit 6 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I passIVe.5. 2 H. 3 inOk. srnilat age 4. 5 Vespucci. 3 !T<JVl1Y. 7 bor'rt. 3 ~ 4 ~ S c. 2 trend. 9 Colntlus 9 iltention Exercise 2 1 0. unheaHhy. 4 9. 7 active. Exercise 4 I False. 4 For ttose of you who h special ellecls. Exercise S 1 CoUOOus. S you see. 4 vitamins. 4 have been. 7 is meetng G Exercise 3 1 f.4. 2 ~ul. 2 True. 6 protective. 4 a. 6 In spite 01. 5 L 6 C. 2 L. 10 "".. 7 1eadng the~. 7 ltao/. 5 bal.leaVng: 0 6 does. 9 bait. 9 ~abIe .7. 9 9. 3 Columbus. 2 k:rve story. 5 fat. 4 penci. 3 ~ 4 l S ~ 6 h. 6 mask. 5 j. c: 3 C. 6 hQnest. a False. 8 Unit 6 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 C.. 6 i. trust I. 2 A!tt'ough. 3 Wll . 3 a. 10 counterpart. 3 Shakespeare. respect I. 1a romantic. made: 4 had. 5 el\troverted. SIfT'i(I' tastes 4 Exercise 6 2. d 1 are going: 2 Unit 4 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 a'e going to. 3 Magellan. 2 d. 11 pursue. 4 b. 7 definite planllO. 6 marry. 6 a leaves: 3 Ate. 16 1 had been travetng: 2 had been Io<lkng: 3 had. 14 aspire. 8 a. 2 radilm. 4 SlI'PI1Si'Ig.10 """" _ -J _ .5. 10 are. 2 Su'e. have become Exercise 6 1 pericIil. 3 ~ 4 l 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 8 have protected. 3 and the photography~. 12 tlstori<n. 4 C. 3 best friend. 2 A. 6 FCWl. going to watch: 4 is goilg 1 cal: Sare. Slbstance: 2 calories. 7 True. 4 MageIarl. 9 ig1ote. 7 rave. 2 D. 3 d.

3 do you.. 7 arEW'I 't they. 5 smoki'Ig. 5 to meet. 6 soong. 4 False. 4 ron.. 5 can be clone. 4 go.toer1 you stM cielilg." Unit 9 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 definr. 4 cIleckrlg. 7 The man. 4 determirW'lg. 9 favorite.a1t1 a~of ~ 6 We!ii::t two ca100s 01 iI.as.. 2 sholJdn1 be aIowed. 4 the man. S hall. 911". 7 Seme. 2 l1:1derstand. 5 capture.0I ~~.sf maga2i'Ies. 3 telling.jlt to pay. 4 expression. 4 in order rot 10.. 4 abiities. 4 The woman. 10 Exercise 3 1 anemia.II:l!l mage tIJaI many ~ martial arts have. 2 conversatOl l . 9 slave Down: 1 SCEI"aio. 2 waitng. 9 nauseated. 3 defrirog.3.. 9 C.ja?.n. 3 so that 4 in order 10. Speaker 2 stress.. 6 a lot 01. 6 faucet. 8 bacttm arose. 7 a Exercise 6 1 heel. 5 abdomen. 9 ~. 8 artistic. 6 started. vas txx:ty begI'ls to store some 01 the foOd as fat () order to OO'I"pEII'lSate fOr !he next tine yoo starve~! So. 5 ctronic. 3 (iStuTtliog. 8 a Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 has. 10 responsible Exercise 4 1 twdy 001. 3 dissmlinate. 2 asking. fHlicIJar.5. 2 Not mentioned. 3. 6 asking.6.tI. 5 copying. 6 " order 10.. 5 So as not to. 7 dleatng. 2 arguing.4. 7 supply. 6 reuse.. 7 ~ 8 ~ory """" Exercise 6 Across: 1 shil. 10 faHgue. Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 see. 2 a. Exercise 4 1 {. 4 whal we need to think abOut. 6 a. 3 ~ 4 l 5 h. 6 spatial.t:l!lOO.a means Q! self-defense. 9 vital.. 8 ..5. 9 difference Exercise 3 1 10 meet. 7 what is reaItt i'npc:rlant. 10 False Exercise 6 1 shot. 3 a. 3 defeaI. mther tube of toothpaste.7. 3 i. 2 how ~ tmgs people together. 3 fM:J:y. 5 g.. 8 doing. 4 why. 3 70%. women in the U.. 7e. 3 comersatiOn 5. rn. 4 have a. Exercise 3 1 rnusI be. 2 c.j.j. 5 have you. 8 calf """'" Unit 9 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 3 why.8 Exercise 4 ~ Exercise 4 1 I. 5 so that. 7 pay. 9 to let. 6 tape. 6 ankle.5. 5 t'oN.5. 7 Where. 8 teli'lg Exercise 2 1 tyilg. il today's society. 6 protect. 7 Exercise 6 Speaker 1 obesity. 6 the man.. 5 lush. 2 True. 8 True Exercise 5 1 watching. 3 shortage. 3 ought to be n::teased.S. 4 to call. 7 rage. )'CU' txx:ty records tt'is. especiaIy at nigtlt. 3 a.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 5 1 ~ 2~3~4L 5~6~ 7a 8~ 9 b. 7 'MIa! lIIr&lr: is that .§ a~. 3 essence. 7 head.. 7 True.6. 5 Checkilg. 4 toes. 3 to. 10 . 8 our. 3 raIaxng. 6 J..11 women sperd a lot on ciothes Md jev. 7 dsciminate. 4 depression. 5 diSOfder. 8 ~ Exercise 5 1 Fasa. 5 rvt. 10 very ittkI Exercise 5 1 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. S yoo begrl deti1g you CM never Slq>! A worryilg ttKlutjlt lor m<W'Iy ~. This CIbsessm does nO: m. 10 h Exercise 5 mage has t!lwiJys t'oeewl ifl1n1ant. The reason fOr 1M is that .. 4 hygiene.rmtiaI art. 3 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 3 askilg. 5 runericaI. 5 ron-<lefrilg. 4 evasion. 2 mcmentlITl. 8 Unit 9 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l c. Ten times the 8(J)()U')\I .3. 8 getting. 6 why ~ is so impOrtant to wil. 5 <r1"IOIXIt. 3 bald. Then.. 2 the man. 5 a g'EIaI deal 01. Exercise 3 1 4 2~ 3& 4~ 5l6~ 7. 2 The WOfl'\af1.J'lt spent on keeping thin. 7 telling. 7 steali'lg. 5 imagination. 2 assessing. 2 'MIat. 4 conversatkln 3.. 9 watching. In fact. 5 Seme. 4 a.. 3 True.. 5 the worna.AJ\t'oou. 3 ccqdina:tOl. 6 dizzy. 10 waitng Exercise 4 1. 8 &xne. 6 to meet.. 2 ~tial . 2 to pass. 4 Vfrf ittkI. 7 Few. 7 1%. 4 b. 6 the woman. 9 shoUdn't pay. 10 C Exercise 6 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6L7~ 8b Exercise 2 1 (] order to. 8 don't they. 6 ~.1!ecCt seen. 1 b. 2 stress. sperd ahlost len times !'I'ICftl on deti1g II'm they do on make-~ IW"Id other beauty products. B e.... but in the h. 3 how you spend your money. 7 b. 6 what. knew Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 so that. 5 f. II. 6 In order to. 5 The man. 6 sholJd try. 10 doesn~ she Exercise 3 2. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 4 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ' Unit 8 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 how.!iI. and ODe that is corrmon amoog women. 2 Pri'lg.jlt to be W. 3 the woman.. 2 cIefJ:lir). 10 Exerc ise 5 1 ~ 2 d. 5 b many rea5CIlS It! p€q)Ie W<I1Mg IQ lea'n a. 2 in order 10. 8 so that Exercise 3 2. 5 rrus!n" du'rlp.6.. 2 c. 5 c.3. 2 isn't he. 8 asking. 4 geninQ. b. 6 Not enou.I!1J. 6 isn~ ~. Exercise 5 1 c. 5 assessing. 10 c Exercise 2 1 ¥eIl't you. 5 True.. 3 e>:pectancy.:ritest ~seIf in the pdlxes in IfEI"ti 01 the r. 4 a. 6 True. 5 He.QgrWtive.oofirMg.3 ~ 4 & 5 & 6 b. 4 can'l you. 2 goilg.. 4 C. 4 detmmination. 6 ~ 7 e.. 7 the worna. 7 choose. 7 False. 6 in~. 2 anorexia.". Ill: first Q{ these ~ dyrmic nature Qj most martial arts. 7 IXIbaarable.d1. 4 Sane. 7 our.n::Ireds of dets that n a'QlJ"Ij WId the (rl'IOU'1\ of ~ spEWlt CIl them. 8 drains Exercise 2 1 ~ 2b. 3 waist.7. 10 ablties Exercise 5 1 inlelgence. 4 drop..7. 5 & 6 a. 6 True. 6 ~. 7 ~led. 2 <XlrT'QIiIliIor. 5 True.rt f'XIYI8days it seems to be CW'I obsesso'l.10 Exercise 4 1 dlecki'lg. 8 the man Exercise 4 1 False. 5 c:ooversatiOn 2 Exercise 6 1 b. 3 c. 4 Fatse. 4 We. 5 stay. 12 pi'npIy 9 c. 6 d. 9 True. 3 Exercise. Speaker 5 lack of exercise. 8 So lhal T264 """ .I6l!lliIi!le!: of ic:e=qeooJ? 8 A 1<aIl. 10 shoUd'l't be W Exercise 4 1 & 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c. 8 knees Unit 10 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 drinkable.6 Exercise 3 1 the man. 2 d. 8 a Exercise 3 1 Waading. the probjem is that most of these diets dor1'l \YOI1(. Speaker 3 alcohol. 3 is being rnported. 7 n ordef \0.tlen you start eatng agail. 8c Exercise 2 3.. . 3 True. 2 SIMlraI.tb:. i:l.8 Exercise 3 1 The man.10 Exercise 5 1 conversation 4. 7 chec:kt1g. 4 exaggerati1g.7. 4 sholJd be erwxuaged. 7 to.nat I dislike about boxing. Exercise 6 1.8. Men.n. 6 COOling. 9 a1i:itic. 5 Ill§(l1EII'izil. 6 telling.. 9 Unit 10 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 b.6. 11 obsession. 8 turned. 2 wit find. 6 being. 3 h. 7b . 8 'Nhere Exercise 2 1 why I like SOCC8f so 1l1\. 4 mnP<llhize.. 8 The man.7. 8 ~ . 2 Not Efn.7. 2 captiJed. 8 indigestion. 8 watching. 2 so that. I:!ut two reasons n most corrm::n. 9 askilg. 5 how he won thai race. 4 b. am attracted . 8 g Exerci se 2 1 QaoI~atooof~? 2 How CD!&lJ is that ~ of ~? 3 ~ me the jar: of!:l!loe'i. 4 'Nithoul. INs <YTIOUlt is stil cdy a Itrd of the amot. 2 wrist. !he dtr'Iger is that cnce Exercise 5 1 inJected. 1m secood reason.g. 10 watch Exercise 2 2. 5 a Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 tying. 2 bocke's. ITlO!e aD!:! more people feet IbaI they need ~ able lQ protect themselves ~ walki'lg ak:lng streets. 9 haven't you. 8 False. In fact. 7 ~ 8 a Exercise 4 1 abilitY.'e/fy. 8 dink. 3 10 do. 3 dscredited. Speaker 4 srnoki'v. 2 a. 7 obesity.. And. 3 The woman. 6 definng Exercise 2 1.

10 True 4 program. This is a diff\cutt questiOn. 9 optiOn. 9 would. retake. 8 reality Unit 12 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 f. Is 'fOOl son interested in learning English? Has yoot son evet' been to an EngliSh speaking COlI"Itry. 2 pres&n!. 7 False.5. 10 grades Eltercise 4 1 True. 7 eigibIe. d 8. 2 False. 5 11!:&Lish.10 Exercise 5 l D. 6 eoo. 4 ca<eEr. 6 been taI<ng. COfTllIeled: 6 . 9 slum. 3 j. 10 have heard Exercise 5 1 False. 5 h. 5 False. 4 True.2 ~ 3 c. 7 e. 6 CheCkng. 10 False Exercise 2 1 have viSited. 3 True. 5 sette. 6 gMlIiI a-cade.. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 c . 10 0 Exercise 6 1 movie. 2 haal't seen. 10 d Eltercise 6 Across: 1 dynamic. 9 QeSlicides. 9 1mes. 5 compost. 6 D!![VOUS. 4 ~ 5 d .dlg ~!lLorg<ns Unit 11 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 buy. 7 t 8 c Unit 11 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 a 4. thus aeating a mocIern day Frari<enstein Exercise 4 1 h. 8 WQIjd have been . 9 False. 5 ~. 7 False. 7 8 forgm Exercise 3 1 True. buI these were . 'Nhat frigltoos many people is the dea that SOO'leCIOe rniglt 10 cIeci:Ie to clone a complete person. 8 True. 13 lack Exercise 2 1 fa!. 9 Have. 8 True.4.tI be very good for tis english. I have a few questiOnS I'd like to ask you. 8 begi'ri'lQ Exercise 4 l treatng.7. 13 melt. h 7 Exercise 2 1 seen. 6 a 7 ~ 8 ~ 5 watched. 4 ~ 5 a . 3 Neutral. 3 jarme. 5 had. 8 Text B. 2 e<mem. 4 hal/9 knOwn. 4 False. 4 ~iIizer. 2 begffiing. 7 sitcom. 7 amou'll. 7 ~ 8 a . 7 True. 3 Illlake. 3 dump. 6 certificates """"'.10 9d Exercise 2 l a 2 ~ 3 a 4 d. J. 4 end.. 41. 4 overt. 5 beg~. 2 a 3 c. 8 £W:Iity. 5 get. or Sritaf1? If I were you. 7 wasn't: 8 didn't taste: 9 COUldn't help: 10 were tryilg Exercise 5 Across: 2 Iremeodous. e l. 6 Neutral. 3 end. 2 g. 9 C. 9 """"" Exercise 3 1 griwing stuff. 8 forget. 6 True. take P1I1 Exercise 3 1. 5 has dreamt.I}dant. 2 pass. 4 QQil1Iess. S frished. b S. Unit 12 Lesson 2 Eltercise 1 l d. The abi1y to cIcne using DNA leads III to many posslJiIiIies. 10 Text A Exercise 4 When sdentists. 14 estimate. 6 variety. 2 would-be. 'Nhat it made DoIy such a t:reakt1Tou!tl was thai she was ctoned form the DNA 01 an adult. 3 decade. haven't had. 3 don't stop. somewhere like the U. 4 have beccme. 5 were. 8 watched. These range from being ate to save II:!l: ~ species to reprOO. 8 Emphatic. 10 sUI. or Britan. 3 d. I tq:le ~ acMce ~. 3 has beer'! tryilg.Q'Jt from ScotlWxl created a sheep named dolly. 8 Bad. 17 Sl. 2 ~. 14 onine. 8 mirror. 5 provocative. 4 prtne-time. 9 True. 16 PtJ"nal. 4 viSited. 4 a. 2 forget. she was n fact a carbon copy QI_ CIorWlg of a bit more limited sort has been around lor years. 4 Errp'laoc. read: 7 have been planning. 9 d. 5 O:Iicating. produced. 5 have risel. 12 spring. 5 news. 3 contermcng. c 2. 3 Not StnI. 6 cast members.x1y lor use in operations..m from embryos.n son and find out v. 9 Good. 2 B. I tlWi<: it's inportant for young people today to realize how useful rt can be to speak another language. 4 watched. 5 False. 3 A. 6 Not StnI. 6 be using.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 2 1 ab. and one that I've been asked before. 3 promise. 2 has asked. 8 accepI. 6 False.t. ~ co. 6 inspect. 4 Good. 4 sI'IOUd be. 2 e. 16 lush. 7 0. 4 ~. 6 spendng. Unit 11 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Neutral.7.. 10 Emphatic -key T265 . 4 lot . 15 a1d awam. I'd tal< to y.S. 6 True. 8 TI\I8 Exercise 5 Dew Juan. 2 con!imf\ated. 7 Errp'latiC. 15 grade.ood be. 3 pressIXe. Exercise 5 l d . 4 reviewi'lg. 6 retake. 5 toss.. 4 will. Exercise 4 1 Bad. 2 been recording. 7 graduated. 9 Text B. 10 9 Exercise 5 l a. 11 donilg. exam. 7 'd have bWght. 5 Neutral. 4 enriCh.. 9 take. "'" Exercise 3 3. seen. 5 False.". 8 a.6 c. 3 hadn't been. 9 Neutral. 10 IiIter. g 3. 2 True. 6 enter. 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 a. 12 fossil. 2 True. 12 scarce. wished. 7 irrlI:!Bltng. f 5. 3 be suffering.ether he'd Mke to spend a lew monthS in the U. 10 Bad Exercise 5 1 exam. 10 ~tant Exercise 2 1 games. 3 quiz. Not ooly dkl Daly take after her biological mother. 2 be wcr1Ii1g. Scientists have t!e!i:a already ctoned rrioe and /rogs. 8 wOOd have.S. 3 seen. 7 Text A.5. 3 had. 5 i. 7 been waitilg. 3 True. 3 g-ade. 7 slop.KVive. 2 En'llhabC. 5 ~ 6 g. 7 ero. 3 False. 2 dr<rna. 11 ntensify. especiaty English. 10 wOOd yOJ have . 10 prevent Exercise 3 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5 ~ 6~ 7 a8~ Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 l a 2~3a4a 5a6a 7 a80 9. 5 weaknesses. 6 WQIjd have watched. 6 WOIJd have taken. 5 Good. 8 Climate. 2 ~. 2 would.. 10 snapshot. 6 geaetiCS. 5 cassette recorder. 7 ~ Exercise 3 1 begiri'lg.. 18 flood. 19 modify Down: 1 genes. 8 cope Exercise 3 1 take. 7 cidn't have. 6 d. 7 have Idled.4. 4 False. 9 c. 7 Bad. 8 be Exercise 4 1 wasnt 2 had conduCted. 8 0 Down: 2 comI:>I'latiOn. 9 wiI watch. 4 ability. monster. 2 Good. 3 sirTlJIe. 6 have. Eltercise 2 1 made. 6 c. 7 switch to. they accomplished what many had thought was an iT1possib1e. 4 C Eltercise 6 1 waste. 17 tricky Exercise 4 1 has been going. 3 1'101es.

6 Unit 4 Track 13 1 A I ive JUSt around the COfT)9(. A No. Mel she was to ive (II her ife there.. B When? A He's almost 60.. so B 01! MIne's the bUl one. aI I want is peace and qu~t. B They're not pink. 00. "'" 4 Were you I1lIIIilld aftar~? Wba1 does ~ n::mJ.dI? B FIVe tuJdred doI<r. YeOO! Well my dad's illO jazz. Track 12 1 """'" A So. A Wtr{! 'Mlat happeMd? B I've never met a'1)'OfIe IKe hin.t nor? It's such a beaulmJ ~'s B pretty CXlI1ll'01 Track 3 1 l'baI. But v. I bought this lantastic phooo last week.e. her family was n for a so. I'd have to S<l'J fm probably one of the best C 'Ntr{s that firrly? B Because I'm neither and.Workbook Audioscript Unit 1 Track 2 A Hi! I'm MarisoI. she gave her date of birth as 1910. C A So.. I don'. sorry. 4 B No! Reatt? A B Yes? A ThIs soup is realy not hot B A B 2 A So. that's nw.:b? B WeI. no! He has realy lair skirt He doesn't have a tan al aiL 1'1 introduce you whoo I see hill. It's """. come on! H's orty lor a day. A Come on. A No way! B Wllat do ycu mean? A I'm not gcWIg.like 5 6 7 4 """"" receipt _hy ""'.lced to [)ego RrMa Md mcrried hm 111929. e And what does MarisoI mean? A It me<ns"SlIYJy sea" i1 SpMsh.I' V8f\j funny because it means "dark and rict1". wei 11 have it n I was named altar Sime Holiday. sir. B So ycu WOlUl't go agatl.. In teday's progral1 we're goilg to take a brief look al the ife 01this amazing woman.. How would you like yw coflee. Seven dayS tater on »113.wei.:rit horne. A VIIho's he? C Not "he" Bilie Holiday was a A 3 A A B ""'. red is rcmanti::. please. and ~ was tefflble.8lIe House . No.IaI name. A No. nvestment A B Wr'rf do \hey cal you Sol? A 'MlIn I was YIlllQ. which one's GIeg? O'I! Wei. So" these. it's not bad.:rs before she was born.ri1g a demcI'lstra\k:l'l against the overthrow 01 PreSIdeflI M)enz of Gwtemala. starTing actress SaIrna Hayek. So whiCh ones do )'(Xl thilk we should send? wen we can't send the red When Grace McBride died. B Agai1! A I saw Matk yesterday.rrl\s.. A So. I A Prid You have to be jokng... wartt ~ to be ate to conta:t me ni. she tat. B Qh. A And the mooey? B Well. Mile? B What 00 you mea-I? 1925. C M! What atxluI yw ncrne.. The f. By 1938. way! H wasn't worth ElYQ"'I hall 01 that. A That's OJIrageotJSl H's not 7 8 Do you use yru eel phone a lot? Does anything annoy)'(Xl about ceA phones? 'Mlat's the most aTOYf'9 thtlg about eel phones? I WWd you be ate to m. I was expecling him to pay me back today. he has bkn:l t\ai'. "M<r" is ·sea" and "sol'" IS 'SIJl". I can take pictlJ"ElS. worth that muct1.odesI . He 6'IEI'l made me pay for rT'ri diYler! A Hewhat? A Three hundred doUars. AncIl'm Bile. 4 00 you 1M you' QiIDIl:7 5 It's pretty Q. 2 7 8 B Realty? A Do you want to know my 3 B Not rea/tt. 1907 n her pamt's ho.. black Of \'<'hite? B White. When Glace's !emit saw her wiI. what aboot the yf!kIN B I'm not SlXa.lU1. B What did you say yru name Marisol. B """" A I'm I"IaW1g a party. when she entered the Natiooal pr-epiM"atory school. reaIy ike it. I Tha. I was B I stJ don'. wtTt WCUd I want a eel phone? I don'. B CtI SOtry. B on! OK. I don't wa'1I to SOI. B Stop shouting.. B Wei. Miana? Do you know what it B -""""" Yes.. said.. Gteg has da1Ier eyes than twn.dl 01 Mtm:o Track 8 A A So what happened? B Wei. ¥TfW<l'f. A WeI. later.Jse 1'1 a Slb. ~ the 194Qs. get it.P a reputallCI'l atWld the wor1d <n:l traveled to f'. was released.? ~didyouw:yrullillIl!l Mel rTlISS8d tIYae yea-s 01 school. I get twice as Il1Udl as before. Sol means "$1. Unit 2 Track 5 In F~ 20:13. 1954.chez. Bile! Thai's M IAISI. Her II1ai ~ance n p. In fact tt'e{re real)' dcr'k brown. I ctiiI: """". Some hiStorians think she did this as rt was also the yeat of the Mexican E 3 Track 1 A B A """"'00. Oh I know who you me<Yl he's the one with the amazh'J green eyes.!l i'I my Qty.1ved i'l the past without them.bIic was <1. Maile.. 2 My I!if!l!:IS call me SIll. 8 Y~! -. Does he have a 1M? Oh. the age of seven. -~ eatne as a shock.9'l1 att Md was given the rane "Los FridQs. 8 lottery creda we shoJd send the yellow ones.tlt 3f'd day. 2 Cell a:.. Grace. H realty annoys me whM someone's eel phone goes off 11 a teS\alnnt (X whM ycu're tablg to them. but let's say I'm the arty person t kI1O'N who can do it. she dOO at the age d 47. the rT"II:Me "Ffija' .XD[[l!.was tot by her father a few ye.". ctoog'og the spelling to F-R·I-D-A. A Great haifcuI. 1'1 get you MOther bov. B Amazing! A We're goilg to Florida. B No way! A Look! IS(1"\ that Brad Pitt? B Yeah! """'" "'" """. C No. """" 2 3 "'" Track 7 4 SI. The year after Itis." 3 """"". we have to . I cal't lnagi'1e haw people B C A C -' was? I'm Actiana.1'1" Of "Stmy" and my parents decided 10 call me Sol.:mge withOut ycu cell phone? How often do you text yCIl. B Yeah.' Track 6 GalS in the cash Unit 3 Trac k 10 on! I hate them. then. but my friends call me A 'Wtry not? B WeI. a local resident. wei! All the cheaper stores were closed. B a-. to shcm her YOk n a Sln8aist embfuI. how's the rew.eN YO!\!.t1y'S She CtI.I'ld mrr. Ka'*l was t:Uking I. hOw good are yoo? B WeIA.eN Haven. A No! A Have yoo heard the news? B Wllat news? A Jack and Mgeta have spI~ cp. <V1d he borrOwed ~e Track 11 1 Do you have a cell phone? 2 How tong have you had yCIl. A can I get ycu a drn<. A WrJ.. Garmoo Frieda KahlO Y Galderon . Mel even su1 the internet . B A How rn. 00. And wtlen I go on v~tiOn . isnl it? A weJ. thaI's actually his t:ro!her Sirnc:wl. but Maybe.:s an tnJSUaIlliIIIl!I. She was ctYisteoed Magdalena. ~ was alter this acddent that she started paio:1ting. ived alone WIth her five cats n an old house n the loYII'l 01 f'. she was ntrOO.I' eel 4 5 6 """" . !hey Oscovered she was worth over S20 milliOn <V1d she had left ~ aI to her catsl RaU Sar. caIed Gasa Aru . il my cowlry. A wt»ch of these cups is YOOO. The acOOIn almost proved fatal <n:l certarlj chaflged her iIe.11 1922.. B on! I'm sorry. 12. C famous? She was a jaZZ ~ from Amo'ca. she bec<me sick Mel was diagnosed as suffemg frool polo o 2 6 7 8 """". She I'lE!YEI" spent <ny money Md was Mvays weaing the same cbIhes.I' eel phone? 3 INhen did you buy yCIl.She dropped the "e' from Frieda 11 about 1935. A """" B weJ.h:I'les! I c:otttl't lM:! 'MthoIJ mi'le.H's great. 3 00 you I!ailtt what you IiIDIl ...by her stLder1ts. """ """" t~ ye'IcN one.xprise. Ka'*l was ~ .. they're A Look.J'. a bJs acOOIn on her W'i# home fn:m sctcd. A M::l he dktl'l? B No. Audloscript .1 rigtlt away. play ganes. 2 3 4 5 B lIh. Frida KahlO was born on July 6". how was the date? B AasastB'. n Track 9 A Sat{s getti1g nmied again. A I passed the exam. AI. 'M'Iat's y<:u A Well.

A Why trust? B Well. but it doesn't mean that they won" have children. 00w Ioog have you known Jake? AtXlut seven weeks. Leifwho? AudIoscript . ' Is chocolate good for you?' Well. Most of my friends aren't married and I don't tl1ink any of ""'" B 4 A B A What do you mean? 01 course he did. He went from door-to -door cleaning ~'s carpets. ten me . t hasten to add. Chocolate also contains a natural "love drug" . lt was an invention with a bright Mure. what we know as Indonesia. Did you date at school? No! In fact I didn't ~ke him at all. They showed the birth rate and the increase in people 's life expectancy. So. It wasn't until almost 100 years later that peope could buy one to keep their f()(Xj cool. Mike. a piece of cheese is what I'd have as my comfort food. 3 A B A B Sure they did. =>d" This was inveflted by accider1t in 1946 when Dr. of course. rather than a drink. Petey leBaron Spencer found that a chocolate bar that was in his pocket had rnej\ed while he was workilg with mK:rowave radiation. 3 Both Joseph Swan and Thomas Edison invented the electric version in t878. but I still don 't think the workir.understood that why did he call them the West Indies? They're nowhere near India. Howe~er. In Japa!1. ~ is very usefut for keeping pieces of pap9f together. FIOI18. scientists have found that part of the cocoa bean contains a chemical that helps prevent tooth decay! N1CI in the U. B Arld what 's that? A Patience. It is useful fOf writing and drawing and can be erased very easily. Track 21 A Hey Jane. She likes going out to discos and he just likes a quiet time fishing. INhat do you like eating? B Ah! A difficutt question. you talk enough. Do you know John. Absolutely! [interested] - Track 14 A So. became popular. especiaJ~ spaghetti with MaIch. Most people think 1JJal. trust. Miguel. INhat do you like eating? B I guess I'm a litHe bit of a A How much do you eat eacll week? B Oh! At least a bar a day! A So. I've neve. 7 4 Track 18 1 protein /I chocolate II substance 2 calories II minerals IllIitamins 3 unsweetened II unhealthy II potatoes 4 circulation II carbohydrate /I -< Track 15 A A1l<Ji. """""'" B """"'".. put rt this way. The first model used gas for power. "'" by clothes makers and barbers. So. Sandra. It takes ~s name from Greek and means "far mushrooms. 2 William Cullen. what do you like eating? B I guess I'm not like many A What do you mean? B Weil l don't really like chocolate.S. rt would be fish . but I don't like piZZa. people naturally have a ' sweet tooth' . The first electric model wasn't invented until 1803. As many poisonous plants would normally be bitter.he's OON your boyjriend. what qualit. the real popularity of chocolate does not really come down to the cocoa itself.none of them dangeroos.g model was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in B Sure. B 5 fXlPlI\ation wi~ daJbIe.. A Very fulny. Track 16 1 A So. honor should go to Leit Eriksson. A Columbus? You mean the glJ)' who discovered America? B Yeah! Except he didn1 discover A """"". B N1CI another quality? A Sometl1ing you don1 have. 00w did you meet? Oh! Nothing unusual. but they forgot to mention that fewer people are gening married and many are starting their families later.what he called the West Indies. Coh. they have found that eating chocolate helps fight heart diseasel 6 Earty versions of this were made from DOe piece of metal. I guess ~ I had to choose one thing. 1876. AM' There he was. They didn't have any A ""'" Unit 5 Track 17 1 John S. Wow! But still.Workbook Audioscript 4 5 6 7 a A B A B A B A B A B I work in the travel industry. In fact.~ was really embarrassing. on one of his voyages to the Americas. scientists in a number of countries have found that chocolate contains chemk:aJs that have benefrts. 10 This was invented by a secretary from Texas. A So.. A I've never understood 00w FIOI18 and Marl< can be such good friends. A But that's Italian. No. fI. A Isn't ~ incredible that the population of the world is going to double. 9 The modern ' lead' ~ersion was invented in England. who some people think invented this. A But does that mean you onty eat vegetables? B No! In fact. ~ has to be money. The first Track 19 1 A So. B A Sure. USA. rt's so funny. A You wouldn 't believe how t met my boyfriend. INhat are you reading? B I'm reading an arbcle aoout Columbus. A Yep! B That's pretty funny. Originally rt was a triangular shape made of wire. Do you? Do you like the party? Mmmmm. whch is added to take rmw the naturally bitter taste of cocoa. he was the first European to reach America. B A Qualities of a friend? B Yeah! A Well. B So? A Well. Track 20 Welcome to Chox. Mmrnmm . I' ~ tel you a little bit about chocolate. B Oh! That one. Hyou can't take a joke. did you see that show on TV last night? B What show? A The one about the world 25 years from now. I think that's too big an age difference and they don't even ~ke the same things. B [)on'. how did you first meet? B Well. SO the population won't grow as quickly as they think. What about you. helping me to my feet . In fact. That might be true. N1CI 00w did you meet? I was waiting fOf a bus and there he was. most of the time the places he tanded on were islands . too? YoM Would you like to dance? To dance? Great party! them will get married in the next A few years. No. well. V'Illile we walk around the factory. yes. B Yoo don't believe that. B What do you mean? A WeB. they rested on the bridge of the nose. only made the idea popular.es do you think are impJrtant in a friend? B Oh. A For me. a Scotsman. One of the main ingredients is sugar. but for me rt's pasta. then I wouldn't want you as a friend. "He looks nice!' But if he was getting off. Thurman invented this in t899. [)on 't you? B No. was the inventor of this technology and Faraday later used the idea. B Go 00. wel l. rt was easy! I dropped my purse and he helped pick up all the things. do you? A &lre. It wasn't unt~ the early nineteenth century that chocolate as a food. I haven't really thought about it. B Morey'? A Come on! t'm joking. It was very popular as it was easy to correct mistakes. interestingly. Probably not. Yeah. INhat do you like eating? B Well. without a doubt. that's true. they feel happy and relaxed! One question I'm often asked is..ty favome food is probably Italian. Modern cross·blades are used 2 2 A B A B 3 """ 3 A B A B A 4 . But you might rot know that the Aztecs used to use cocoa beans as a kind of money. he thougllt he'd sailed around the world and reached the Spice Islands. getting off. B Oh. Of course. for example. what makes chocolate so addictive is all the extra things that are added to rt . It oontained no lead and was given its name by mistake. I was running for the bus and A B tripped. B Well. I'm a vegetarian so I don't eat meat. rt's no good if someone is jealous or if they don't respect you for who you are. the biggest chocolate factory in the world. 2 A So.Tryptophan. when people eat chocolate. but I'd guess I'd need them to be able to listen to me. I thougtlt. A I was working as a waitress in a restaurant and I spilled SOUp over this man. Do you think fewer peope will get married? Sure. Well. Columbus didn't realize that. she's about 22 and he must be at !east 50. many of you will know that chocolate Ofiginally comes from Central i\merica. The ear1iest types of these didn't have arms. They were probably invet1ted in Italy. Given the choice..mbus was given a gift of cocoa beans. 4 Marconi. 8 This was in~ented by a Norwegian clerk named Johann Vaaler. we were at scho:xlI together.

Gymnastics. bot not all.. Frst 01 aI he coIapsed Md then he cried his eyes out when he g:rt tis • . • • • • • S'oWmWlg il the 200B ".... 'Mlat's the point 01 reaOOg abou1 stull that iSn't even ~ NcrN. Vvhat do you mean? A Wei. No.qi.. the best part is trying to figure out who dunnit! UI'\Iess there's a good twist n the plot.nat was reaIy goot was the bok on tis lace after he'd won." Oh yea.nallll<e. faster. mom. have. a biography ex a 000k about real events. A Hey! Stop cheamg! A But 'PI're cheatilg. A . wi) yOOl A 'MIat are you going to do? AbouI.. with races 01 00 own OIention. Arnefica was named alte' the FIofentne ' " why? Because he was the Iirst person to re<ize that the Americas were no! pM 01 Asia and were. 2 3 4 Track Z1 AeoIy? """" • • """""' """""'''' """'.. I think fflEIClng SI'IOUd be 10" learning. 2 TNs man has an angular face..RR TeoI<8l.what about PaJja Radciffe. " intelligent optmistic • ""'" Unit 8 Track 29 We're going to catch up on some school wO!K. .. Track 24 Everyone has heard about Harry Porter..! But vbj was he so A So? A So. shl3'1 be so If you doo't.1l1 ~.. For me. just sit back <V1d erPt it. Tell me one that isn't. the limit's one box Mel one bottle. caIed Middle-Earth. nol 00.eJt vMd Mel rea!isoc worlds.. But not I. Unit 7 Track 25 TNs man has a pretty pk. Yoo won't tel anyone. Surely I guess he may have. A But StXeIy if 'PI're Iookilg at the 2004 Olympics. C School work! You're not lying to me. nobOOy wi know. get belter.and that is financiaJly... No. especially at night. The first 01 these is the dynarric nature 01 most nwtiaI arts..ming or boxilg 01 . A But that's not fair. that's . A ""~.:v1owe rni!1l1 h<MI been the real 2 3 4 -' My. 3 OK. Woo! A Yeahllwl . But H I'm goi'Ig to read SClI'lleII'i'g. He has a pointed nose and a prominent ctMn. the best ItW'Ig is a good klYe story you know.. I know that.-.. be reaIy 8IYT'I with you. have been MaOOwe. The last tx:dI. IItri. amazirlg cmracters. ok then. whefe the man gets the WOIl"a"I n the end. n fact. My mom won 't ~t has really deep-set A Come on.. I didn't.. she'. Tel her you're going to a frierd's to do eyes l. For me. . ex cc:use.mp face. A Vvhere did you get that? I"~. in particlJl<M'. In fact. 01 CXlUfS& you s!'lotjj! A But d I do.. a separate cootflent.re. • • 2 • wiming his fifth gold medal of the 0I'ympic games in Athens...' '>< coordinaton determination mesmeriZing . The second reason.Workbook Audioscript B Leif Eri<sson. 10 """"" -" _" 5 6 7 S - • """'.. A WeI. as wei as ffiCI1y traditional mythical races such as elves.but I hated the """"" ""'. and wizards. Probably the most noticeable thing atxJut Tolkien's work is how real his world seems. C AnyItmg to declare? 4 Unit 6 Track 22 1 Do you think M. bot not all. Wei. And there's that golfer . k:lts. ""'''' • • • or • • • strength. MiChelle Wei.rmg . Sh! Hyou don't ru~.. dwarves. 5 6 """..I streets.o.r1. His ears stick out and his eyes are fairly dose- No.I'Ider bushy eyebrows.man """. His ips ae vesy hAl 00t he has a Iaitt smaI rose.ro can beat men at n.. He has ttwl eyebrows abo\Ie i&'ge eyes. A That jacket. ~ team wasn't the laYoriIe.st doo't know WI Should tell her. It kild 0( captlX9S the rooment. then I'm rot happy. He was a Vi<ilg expk)rar 'AOO landed n C<nada arnost 5IXI yeas before CokJmbus set sal n the fifteenth centl. many fantasy writers have tried to create eq. I r. C FICtion! Wasta 01 tme. Mom. Wrj . 2 3 4 o 5 6 7 S 9 Mm"". • • II's amazing to think that 5 Cervantes and Shakespeare migtlt have died on the same Track 23 A Fa 1M.. reacMg is abou1 reIaXilg.nat about other fantasy books? Fantasy books have been arOO'ld lor many years. H you ttri: atxJut ~. A &. She beat a load of men in a tournament. 'MIat was anazing was the lac! that ~ team Oft. the Ganacians were. stronger ••• better. A Yep! Most. the British • A WeI. can I go """"'" • • toJerny's? B Give me a good murder mystery Mf day. . but..ro cx:mpares Hogwarts with Midcle-Earth wi anger Mel outrage Ttfden fans. It (3l'. CXle of the best kNOwn is The Lord of the Rings by J. rtMte(.. I dal't WMI to have to think \'He I'm reaci1g. """"" AeoIy? Oh. 2 3 4 Track 26 A Don't be such a baby! Oh.A. Can I gJ? Tra ck 31 There are many reasons for people wanting to learn a martial art. Md one wtictt is COI'T'lTlCtl 00"0I1Q women. I don't rdy have tine. are anracted by the inage that many of the martial ats have. E """'. but wtr{? They have great stories. not an sports are about A Track 30 ""'"""" A Huh! That's not a real sport. but two reasons are most common."""". !-is Iorehead is klw and he has a nat some sctooI worK. She was oriy 14. A AAd why do we cal ~ Arnefica and not CoIumbusiand Of something? B WfA that's easy. this guy was my nineteen and he could easily be Fb. the teadW wi he<w". ~ has be Michael Phelps .... but so wi the men. Ttfden created his own world. nol Oh. !hen I W<VlI it to make me 1aI. no? . so I stole it.• . after two iOCmeters of rowilg to win by on~ a fraction of a second . no! just for ILnt People said I wcUd fYW' out 01 them..A@in. you stxJN me a woman • """"". A B """'" -~. I think ~ COlJj have been de • • • • swm • • • "". However. I bo. Another woman darning she can c:orrpete against men. So? If yw keep quiet. the Bmish rna<alhon runner? She can beat most men in the marathon. Yean! Pretty~.g. A 'Nhal's the !1OOtest sporti1g moment for you. The Lad 01 the Rings is about the age--<t:I battle Track 28 A IIo'1c7N Illi best Iriero's boyfrierd is SEOOg someone else. Men. rigltt Yoo stole~. A 'Nhat with? Yoo're always 00rr0wing I"I"'O"le'I from me! WOO? A You know.. I can't. 'Nhat? COlI"S9 it is. it 0:::000'.. is as a means 01 self-defense. are yoo? No." C Wrrf do you w<¥'1t to go 5 6 ? S 9 10 . I did! A Yeah. 'Nhat I loved was the look of astonishment on his face when he reaized what he'd dOlle. HaIry Porter has already exceeded The Lord of the Rings in one way .rnaMgt between good and eW .a theme otten fOlIld illTl(l'l'J fantasy 000ks. A Yes..nat? A WfA. Just Jnagine..". My favorite has to be SpiOerman . the best moment has to be Manhew" Pinsent winning his fro1h gold in four difftwent Olympics. and she firds out you knew. Pete? lkl1.? A WON! look at this j:tloto. I txlught it. 3 TNs . A Are you coming to the party tcright? I can't. she'.I'1II HatTy Potter has WI')'OOe managed to succeed. and the pictures just add to the whOle thir. I read was so ftroy it made me cry! Now that's what I caB good. more m more people leal that they need to be able to ~tect themselves when walking aIoo. unbelievable! The team had so much stamina and det9l'1'l'Wlation . arl)U19 . you have !tYee Ixlxes 01 cigarettes Mel at least two bottles 01 whske. Since Lad 01 the Imgs.. il leday's society.! won by less than taf a second. Track 32 A HtJ1! Look at lt1is article hero.. everyc:ne knows that men <W& better at sp:::rtS than """'. but the customs officer doesn't need to.

." yo.o9? 3 4 Pass me the jar 01 honey... I'm ctMousIy intelgent in one of the """" do. I've art down.. We need Mother t!. atnost three-quarters 01 the SLM"face 01 the earth is coYOred with the stull. do you rernerrber allhose scaes abrut Mad CoN Disease a lew years back? Yep! ""'" lood. about one pen:ent of the water.J. was~? 10 You want rTlO!e. I 1Tl!m. just more expensive. which is far less than you lind in the ICe arru"Id the Natfl and South poles... W rIOt surprising..J. In lact. this ~ is GM free.. my doctor said. isn't it? 3 You exercise fNefy day. 2 contarmated ""'" How many have you seen? I've never ~ watchi'lg Tv./? B CII..Workbook Audioscript B WeI. ""'. then you're asked to Choose from leu dtferent Shapes end deC:XIe which one best fits the empty space.nat all the fuss is about. but it isn't that easy. Roberts. The arncu1t of junk food eaten nowadays. B No..nat you pay lor... then !oms douds. A So.be 01 toothpaste. I A B B So. B Not atways -there's organic And you're telling me that orgaric food is better for me? B It's probably healltl ier.e. B 5 Unit 11 Track 42 Have you seen the latest reaity 2 3 4 5 Unit 10 Track 37 1 2 6 7 8 """"" • 5 6 "'" foore1 3 7 """ """" drains IV"""'baking so happy? Why's he How long have you been other ways.. To start with. what is? B Wf. A How can mil. After all. A B W9I that was all caused by the cows being led contcrnina.. yes! Pro we ffilISt also remember that lhe ~tity A You mean that the amount of water doesn't change? B No.oo? Aanit you're aI just scared. SQI'l1e ol the QOeSIions ~ to do with shapes. 5 A B A B A B A B A 1 But one 01 the ideas now is that there MI different ki'ods 01 inteIigenCEI... people are asking lor ~! My husband suffers from this. cognitive 8 . You're gM3n three ~ and a bIri square. It'S absokJIeIy scandalous how we continue to pollute the YefY thing that keeps WeI. 'Nhen we talk about dirty water crd contaminated water.Jways WOIl)Ylg that he'.OOIe bar 01 ChocoIa. but you can learn. well. Dr. H's pretty /\my that we cal 0lI" planet "Earth. .a 00. WeI. I know it's unhealthy. A Noway! 8 9 artistic 10 abilities """"'" water is 10 us. that's right.. but now I probably orty have about five a day. To be hcroest. don't yo... but I think a lot 01 caIecI "INat&<". A Wei. lose !-is job.Alld how rnarrt 00 these socaIed tests check? ProbOOIy r:rit two or tIYee.st not lair. because it ShOIJd realty be B A B A B Wei that's!1XJd then. IMIat ftavcI" is that container 01 k::ecnxm? A can 01 beans." 3 4 5 the terrible graphics.n:I with.. can't yo. bok at ttis one.. and I still don't beUeve they Track 35 1 You're American.nat it does. poll" ~ one to ~ you retax.Ie 01 tile. . come Ofl! That's noI the point. the only thing that changes is wI'le!e ~ is. I've neY9I" been very good with spatial tli'lgs. 3 . hOw rru::h do we use? B Not a lot. gNen how ~ ~ is.xifiOO. look. 6 7 They've aI becO'ne nalicroal Track 34 2 3 4 spatial discriminate empathize 5 6 7 """'" intelligence discredted Track 38 A On today's program we have Dr.jht! It's so easy. water? B Yes.. H means that he leaves lor work at about seven in the morning and I'm kicky ~ he's home before nine at rj. water. don't you? Track 36 1 To be honest. is~? Fait? Far Ior. one of a number 01 wOOd experts on water. Vllhat. you won 't catd1 me worrying atxJut it.nat's in rt am. A Oh. Unit 9 Track 33 A Look at this! Another 1.. B """'. isn't it? W"fI 'Mla. lhink of an the lertizers that are """. I thi'lk the maill'9aSCJl men don't want women COI1l)8ting in the S<ITIEI events is because they're afraid eX bei'lg beaten.t do you me<I"I Wrr{?" Wei. aren't you? 6 You're ~ wi toniojlt. """ He. messed ~ with. I don't see how that tasts . . like musical inteligence Mel ilterpersonal intelligence? Yes. you've dru1k half a bottle! It's easy to say you don1 have a proIjem. A No. B Vllhat? A It says "Contails no GM ingredients..' " abrut it . 'Twice a week' .AIXI what atlererce does thai """"". A Track 39 1 Gan I have a bag of d1ips? 2 How rroch is that bonle of "". B But how do you know that? Why can't ~ be the second ""'" 2 3 . you r:rit live once.. most people jllS! don·t realize how il1portant """'" genetics implanting 8 '"""""" '""""" """ How rTQ"ly tines has he been Have they firished? """" pesticides 10 resistant Track 43 1 The thing I really hate about this 2 The way in l'Alich games become addictive Track 41 A Look at this packet.. The next thing you know. isn't it? What do you mean? Wf!j. B Good afternoon./? 7 Ths lastes great. Good afternoon... thEw"e you go. He ate a v. the tlWlg lhat amoys mel One tt"Wlg that stops people buying vk. be GM free? B It means the WNS haven't been led with food that's been A A B Vllhat do you 1ll6lI1? B WfA.. . ~'s <maZing hOw rru::h we waste.te! We drink two C<W10flS 01 juiCe a doy. doesn't it? 8 You cooked this ~f.st so easy to drive everywhere.. isn't it? You get heme after a long day at work. No.. I'm just saying that unli I know . In fact. s People just don't watd1 what they eat. and the water goes into rivers and strewns.nat. ~'s.to work. Roberts. Exactly. A Easy! ~'s the thil"d shape. aren't yoo? 2 ThaI's bad lor YOU. that's part of its beauty..1 9 II wasn't you... He's. I used to go through aOOut a pack a day.1eo games . test B Yaat1! There seems to be one in fMJfy magazine nowadayS. A B us alive. B Wei.. A B "" WeI... I'm not going to eat rt. it's caIed ~ inteligenCe$.. as wei as the Well. Wei. ~t is the reason? WeI . but it's.. we can r:rit Qri. ~. Something that is viIalto us... We recycle water all the time. Dr. 5 6 7 8 9 Track 40 1 . A B 4 A """ you have to think Because about the color 01 the backgrourd.. After ai. A &. come on! AI food is messed cro. .. I krDw that! But what does geneticaly mcdified !TI9a"l? WeI. didn1 ". I don't know .. A B A Have you &vef taken one? Yes.b. 00 they? 5 You're rrmied... but I need something to calm my nerves... I tried to sign ~ to a local hea/lh dub but it cost $25 a week! I know I should waJ<.. then we WOlIki'I'. After that... it rains onto the lend.telligence. A I tel you . then.tlich in tum go back "to the oc:e<Vl .ted So you're S8"ying that GM is the same as contanYlated. they're r:rit vegetables. but it doesn't mean I'm rot intEligent..0. Paul Roberts. Well. evaporates " to the air. But what does GM me<I"I? GeoeticaIy rnc.nat's the big deal? It's reaIy important 10 know what's in OIS food. It's also interestng to see what we 00 with water. 11ll6lI1. M:I how many typeS eX inteligera are thInI ~ to be? Oh! I think it's eight. Sure.. for example. I ttri:. Water starts Off in the ocean. you get ../? 4 Men don't lYe as long as women. ~ the ones who MI guilty. A B A B A It's that ~? B Oh. --. lood . A Wf. ~.~ we <idn't \hirl( have water.

. e But TV stnJId be reIa. An exciting commercial ()l10dayS program we'lS askJ'g Ate I'Ii:1eo games bad fa )OO? In \he stLdo I have Ryan Ferguson. rut thai's not the same as being soo::essfU. Wet I'd prefer to watch that than some doct. e In wtich case.. Those of you.Jd you find out who knows things? I failed aI my exams at SChOOl e Not aD. They my measue hcr. Dr. People also suffer from backadle from sittOg in l. as wei as headaches and even problems with tOOr tmds Md fingers. OK. but we're not taIIing. It's absurd to say they don'. too. Ryan.. in a A Well. not even EngIsh? e No! I was tentlle at Ergish.j ant of my ex<ms.no are nterested in pwtic:tlating and not just watchi1g won~ be dsappoiltecl. e 0 &re.rnentary on people""".. After ai. We offer a wide range 01 COO"SeS. WOI. 4 Track 49 WfJa:xne to WoocI<n::l Language School.Jd you? B Oh.h. 3 4 arne(iorate 5 6 7 8 9 scientifc 10 tl'8f1SlX(lation .! gcMng to be taJIOOg to Samantha Wilson. how else WOI. ''-''''-''I wortc. 0 Yes. oot . "That kXlks M ' . A Just shows hem sI'\aI::Jw you e Track 44 0 Hey! No need to be Ilde. but now I'm A I'lld you ttWlk it was worth . ~'s strange reaty.. not how sma1 they are. but tests are a proven way 01 showing ij someone ~ smart e Oh. it's geat to be here. P. So. So. no one remembers what they did in a test. A An:j what -""'" . if you ask me. Sa-Mntho. but that's different. "Come on.M:I we go about it? We've been usilg exaTIS oo:Ilests silce we first stood on two legs. let's go to OU" li"st caner.. I guess not. e INrri wooId you want to watch that stuff? A Because it's ro. 7 Tests! Completely pointless.. 2 3 4 Track 48 """ . Ryan. e -. they're watcti"g everyttWlg you do .l'lCOI'llkrta chairs. . On the one hand there is ~ of evidMce to Show that W:teo games can be bad. are exans a fair way of frong out how srra1.. One thing I've noticed is thatl'T'Wly kids who play lots 01 these gcrnes have ~ Q.Workbook Audioscript 6 7 8 A the twgh cost. ~ was reaJIy bad at the time. people ere? B 01 cx:use they n. so 1I<tla1's ~ ike to be a celebrity? WfA. one of the IeOOng exam boards in the COUltry.y quaified <n:I have experience 01 workilg in a variety 01 ro. I mean. Sam. """"? B ... For us that's probably !he most useful thing about them. ""fI . the biggeSt problems we social. it makes people reW:lw what they've stU(ied and that can orVy be beneficial.. Gocx:I evOOng. if you have 'iflt (JJ8Stions .. This ooabIes us to grve students exact~ wtlat they reQUire. I mean. J can~ be A -. I think yoJ've both!1Y&1 us !lings to think about..tlt? Tho _ _ _ B 'M'ich one? A - ~agajn. MMy 01 these games are extremely vioIeI1t and this can't be good for young people. Hyou had the chcr'lce to do it again.. I"d watched the first series Md thOught. Dr. ~ has to be the ~ w&i. .IuOOg TOEFL and Business Engish. the tI1ng thai pefSU&CIes Ptq)Ie \0 buy the game.(0) students a year. ~'s adictive trash. Leanne on line one. yeah! Sure. as there are two Sides to the issue. - """ pOOtless ."'" ••.". lief! school at 16 without passirY. A Vohlat? You watCh that stuff as well? """'. makilg it possiJIe lor us to find somethi ~ to slit ~ who o:mes. ~ isn't natural to spend hoIxs on end staring at a computer Of TV screen..- are the psyd'loIogicaJ reasons. there ere also some positive effects and these should oot be Jorgelten.. you have to be able to rTI6aSI. wt1ich is a considerable number. WOI. 9 In my company we use them III the time to sea how wei people cope under pressure. including vigjts to the theater Of sporting events. How else WOI. . I'm sony you leellhat wWof. who has been carrying out research on this topic for more than three years. 5 Track 50 optirristic 2 -". Ivan ParIts who ~ the head of Awonl.J 0lJ'" teachers we n. Hi. h. you can cIothat".deo games bad B Thai's a Vf1fY ilterestng question because it treats the topic as vert black and white.tlWlg ~ that ij the kids are pIayi1g garnes. We also ~p our students with theW accorrmodation needs. Secondy. I'm ctong shcJNs Ike this... but I think that's and yet I was still pretty successful.. For ex<rTllIe. from I'lc:lnestay to seII-oontained apMmer1ls. A 'MIat. WeI. Unit 12 Track 46 A The phone-in on teday's show is about exams and how ~t they ere. I thoulj11.xatiOnal inStitufuns. at least they can~ be gelling into trouble on the streets. be su::x::essfU in ife? B &re .. B So I guess you watch aI those soaps Md reaity Track 47 A ~e waste of lime. does passirY. These kids Jose the abity to sociaize most ~ers play these g<mes aIore.. good morning .I"e some peqJIe's knOwledge. but •. An:j WOI. ArstIy.. wOO<. we also have iYI extensive social program. We h::Jpe that you'" time here will be both ~ and useflJ.. many peopIa take a test Mel then forget EM!J)1hing. Scm. Before we take yr:AJI cals. but some of them. Evening. On tonigll's show 'He'A. wei. I1CM' I'm makilg lots 01 money and 11 never have to wOOl.ick reactiorls and geat hcn:Ieye coordnation. 3 Well. it really depends on the test.. was ~ actl. e I'm sony. In reality it's not as clear cut as that.. Please cal me &vn. Dr. HcM'eYtY. Good evooing.. """""'. B A I'lld OU" secord guest is the !anile in Africa. Ar'IOIh&. ~'s pretty funny.Jd you want to employ M engineer to build a tri:Ige W they'd fajed thai' 9' 'gi I0OI i WJ - e famous. . 2 A "'. 8 They don't ~ a thing! I passed my math exa-n 00:1 yell stiI e<n'1 baance my acc. A OK Tt\CJlk you both. 5 6 7 8 """'" """"" ". thank you for being my first guest on the . B In what w<J(? e They need to Show ~ know stuff. An:j how dd you get on the novelist Annie Jones. I mean. FrstIy. but others ¥8 a waste of time. 0 Me.x)U'11$. star of Channel 1's latest reality SOOw.. B WeI.. B Yes..j exans Show v.. We teach CM!I: 12. we have two guesls in the studo that have dfIerilg W3ws on the vakJe 01 exMIS. as far as I'm concemOO. There ere <itlerent types of accorrvnodation available.tleIher you'. Parks.. But as it is.. 10 To be tn'lest. 6 . " paape had to retake !hem f!NelY few yen. You 00her kn:lw it Of you cion'\.l8ti Vv'hat cIo you mean? e Well. A First.Jd you want to go to a doctor who hadn't passed medical school? e No. Ihero are medcaI reasoos. then it WOUld be afferent. they can damage you'" eyesight. are . B It was tooiJle! You ~'t believe how nasty othef people can be! And to know that the wt'toIe COlKltry knows all ycu secrets. doesn't it? I guess some are good.xational. so what's the pOOt? A B Good evening.(? B A B I ~t kM of wrote in.even when you're A So. B Well... aren't I? B [)efi1tetj. Trac k 45 A Wr:m! Did you see lhat Show on TV last ni!. - ""'. 2 WfA. there B B A e "'yo.st atout school exams... . But. A No. come on! You can't reaIri believe that.v goOO someone is at Iakilg tests. so ~ 's reafty difficu~ to S2tj. ISIder because wgJ """""..xi"1g. Parks. so when I heard they were maktlg MOlher show.. One minute I was wOfking in my local supErlTIaIket and the next ffWute .

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Luke Prodromou 2006 Design and lIIusuation C .OO. Alamyl Zigzag Images p84t. mechanical. C Edilooal Macmillan de Mexico.com. 131 . 129. 47 . Corbis/ Rose serral11b.. p80 (headef). raprinted by permission of Intarnational Music Publications Ltd. 77. p7A1amy/ John Fon p6c. 59.50-35HI tSBN. Unit 3. USA 2002. reprinted by permission of the publisher. Unit 3: Lesson 2: I'll Be Thent fOT You Words and Music by Michael Skloff.. A~ Rights ResefV8d. Uni12: Lesson I : Beal. The authors and publisherl> would like to thank all the leachers and students who contributed 10 the development of this course. Getty News and Sport! Mark Mainz p141 . Alamyl Stephen Voss p10Sa. 124br. lIb. Vackimes Serret. All Rights Reserved . CorbiS/ Don Masonp19a . Alamy! Jean Luc Morales p32 . Corbisl Oi Maggio Ke. 147 (old man). Corbisl Charles Grupton pl25. Kabat COllection pp 16a. Unit 10: lesson 1: Extract from ' Precious fluid' by Dinyar Godrej. Stil l Pictures! Mark Edwards p107: Topfoto p5S<:.2. 38 (header).macmillanenglish. 44 . 16c. The authors and the publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs . 45. Unit g: Lesson 5: Tha Logical Song Words and Music by Roger Hodgson & Richard Davies copyright CI Delicate MusiclAlmo Mllsic Corporation. Alamy/ Noah Levy p96t1. Alamyl John Pa l Vi lh elmsson. Tel: (55) 5482 2200 Fax: (55) 5482 2203 elt@macmillan. 33. Oth6n Lll90 Cruz. MiIfY Evans pp 59b. and encouragement. San Anton io 170.lisl1 p115. Edwin Giebelen. 48b.Thailand 20 11 2010 2009 2008 2007 1098765432 . Jose Luis Martinez Prado. first published in IATEFL Issue No: 173 June-July 2003. 65.4 . reprinted by permission of the publisher. Carbis! Lawrence Manning p6b. Atamyl Robert Harding World Imagery p58. 142. 147 (old woman). 142a. Maria Cristina V. TVT Mllsic lroc and Virginia Beach Music. Corblsl Jim Craigmyle p72. Redfems Music Pictures p7la: Rubi)(/ Seven Towns Limited {rubix cube icon)pp12. Joel Victor Hugo Gooz.V. CorbiS! Bettmann p13c. London.. SOa.7g. 970~50-351·X Editorial Macmillan de Mexico. Lesson 4 : Extract from 'Focus Rated' first published in Focus . Union Toots p67a. EMI Mllsic Publishing Ltd . CorbisI '-.R. Dictionary work: Extracts taken from the Macmillan English AdvancfJd Dictionary for L(lBmers of American English Cl Bloomsbury PlIblishing Pic 2002 . Atamy! Andy Myatt p119. 59<1: Nintando p114bl . Rocio Matabuena Cascajaras.. lSa .. 124b.5 . 97. Corbis! Roger Ressmeyes pI26a.{. Israel Martinez Quiroz. 54. lonoon. Corbis! Gregory Pace p71b. Corbisl Craig Tt. 87br. Corbis. first published in The Guardian 17. 117a. 2006 Student's Book text C . Alamyl U I<nIft p7ld . or otherwise. CorbisI Anne-Marie Webber p32 . CorbisITom Stewart p124a . 128. 1341.. Rocio Tepichin. Claudia Cruz Annenla. Alamyl Andre Jenny pIDl . 4&:1 . reprinted by permission 01 the publisher. Alamyllogram Publishing. 42 . International Copyright Secured. Mirna Zuge. WC2H DOY and Music Sales Limited. AJamyl Bill Bachmann p1Ob.J Garside. Corb i&! Nancy Nay p1241. 1211r.. y8(Iid Monroy Segundo. 9th " oor. C Kale Fuscoe. Corbis! Bob Krist p143 . CorbisI Paul Edmondson p121 tl. 1191.3. Corbis! T. FoIkks pp 16b. wjthoulthe prior written permission of the p118.-' 74 . recording. transm itted in any form. Rick Gomez p124m . 108.mx A wholly owned subsidial}' 01 Macm~lan Publish8fs Holding Ltd www. Wintef p87tr. or by any means. 147 (young man). 22a. CorbisI Ted Harowitcz pl23 . chief flCientist 01 Greenpeace' both taklln from Fows Magazine september 2000. Unit 8: Lasson 1: Extract from "The great picturo shOW' by Gordon Thomson copyright Cl The Guardian 2003. 104. Alamyllmagll State pl OI . Sty1ianos N . 97t.Corbisi Reuters publis. Carbis! Jose Luis Pe laez pp 73. S. Mei Mel Alicia Chu Pulido.. p65. 96. 4Sa .caIs·honesty. Getty News and Sport/ Hulton Archive p14 . Atamy/ Archiv Berlin FOIoagoentur GMBH p108b. Corbis! Observer dispatch p84br.2. Alamy/lmage 100 PI) 72. 55. Alamyl Frantisek Staud pp 8711.R. WC2H DOY. 109. 87bl. Corbis. CorbisI Ray Juno pl05.R. reprinted by permission of the autl"lor. t42c. 26 (headef). 99.6 . 70 (header). CorbisI Raben Van der Hilsl p50b. reprinted by permission of tha publisher. Corbis! Stapleton COllection p52b. 112b. soc. London . A1amy/ ()av. Allee Willis and Danny Wilde copyright C n Dawn Music CA. Getty! Stone pp 10m. 89 . Corbis . Maria Cristina Pinheiro da COncei!.. Alamy! NiaM McDiarmid p49 (tights). CorbiS/ Francis G. S7. 62a . Alamy/ Gavin HeliBr p90. Every effort has been made 10 trace copyright holders. Getty News and Sport! Alfred Eisenstaedt pOO . Press Association! Neil Leiffer p801 . USA 2002.. Intemabonal Copyright Se<:ured. Orban pp 40. USAIW_ Chappell North America. 51 . 52a. Unit I : Lesson I extract from 'Why people use pseudonyms' by Alex McNeil first published in Shakasp6af8 Matters VoI. W ireless Road. C) Editorial Macmillan de Mexico. Phil Solem . All RighlS Reserved.. 48 (header). 48c. Brigitte Mund . Getty ~ and CI Famovs Music Publishing Umited 2003.V. Barbar.08. BOa. SteYe Linnell. Infograms pI14t1 . 73. Bloomsbury pp 62b. CorbisI Walter Smith p73. stored in a retrieval system.3. 30a. We WOiJ ld particu larty like to thank the following people for their help in piloting materia~ and making suggestions: Mariel8 Cano Moreno. Action Plus p82. Ana Palricia Maf1 iMz Vile. Gelly! National ' . 3&1.on(Ion W6 8BS 1995. 114br. 64 . CorbisI Ed Kashi p2Q (allende). COfbisI Jeff C . David CraM. Lumpini. Unit II : Lesson 6 : Come Away Wilh Ma Words and Music by Norah Jones copyright Cl Muthajonas MUSic LLC. 139. Corbi" Jim Cummins p83.. Getty News and Sport! Soon Halleran p84m: '-" Gelly News and Sport! Steve Hansen p86b. CorbisJ Ni ng Chiu p71f. 124bl. -.mJ( _ .

reflect who t hey are. and reflective activities. students will have the confidence to express t hemse lves. challenges. Communicate with Attitude With so lid learni ng foundations. learning tips.Attit[!]de Build Positive Attitude Ensu ring that students have a positive attitude to learning is the key to thei r success. empowering students to become effective learners through awareness-raising activities. and fol low-up tasks. Attitude engages students in a learni ng experience that is both meaningful and re levant to their current reality_ Develop w ith Attitude Attitude introduces a unique focus on the development of study and writing skills. and approach learning with attitude! Attitude lets you be who you really are .in English! . Through a series of high -interest topics.

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