Mike Sayer

Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside luke Prodromou

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~CMILLAN

leacher"s Edition'
Mike Sayer
Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside Luke Prodromou




Welcome to Attitude! Introduction Student's Book Contents Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Review 1 Unit4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Review 2 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Review 3 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Review 4 Songsheets Communication activities Workbook answer key Workbook audioscript

viii 6 16 26 36 38 48 58 68 70 80 90

100 102 112 122 132 134 146 T262 T266



Welcome to Attitude!
Dear Teacher.
Welcome to Attitude, the course that will help you transform your students from learners to successful users of English. The course follows our USER approach. where students ...


m E) m

Understand language use in context.

Strengthen communicative skills.

Explore the structures and use of the English language. Recycle and retain previously learned language.


Understand language use in context Students must encounter language in context to see how it is used. Every lesson in Attitude begins with exposure to the language in situations which allow the user to make a personal connection with the topic. In order to take a more active role, users are often invited to comment on or discuss an aspect of the theme before any formal explanations are introduced. Strengthen communicative skills Most students evaluate their language ability by how well they can speak. Speaking starts early in Attitude and is often integrated with the other skills to encourage communication. All skills in Attitude are practiced interactively: both the listening and the reading tasks encourage student s to actively construct meaning and respond appropriately. Writing is often a forgotten skill. but in Attitude it forms an integral part of each lesson, and is given a special place in Develop your writing sections which present and practice varying aspects of the writ ing process. In the fourth lesson of each unit, students have an additional opportunity to use newly learned language in the contelct of a real life task carried out with a group of classmates. Not only do students use English to negotiate the task with their fellow students. they also further extend their command of the language by comparing their process to that of a group of native speakers they hear performing the same task. Explore the structures and use of the English language In Attitude, grammar is presented and practiced in a straightforward yet meaningful way. Students are often presented with an inductive task in which they have to figure out how the structure works in English, discovering both use and form . They then have opportunities to practice that structure and the chance to connect the language with their own world. feelings and memories. The Develop your learning section introduces further learner training techniques to help students become better learners.

previously learned language D Recycle and isretain important in language learning, but quality repetition is vital. Attitude has three built-in, Repetition very unique ways of recycling the language within and between units to ensure recall: _lesson four in every unit has been written to reintroduce and re-contelctualize the language in the previous unit, taking into account the language accumulated up to that point in the book. The aim is to reinforce understanding of the language and how it is used, through real-world tasks. _ Language is also reintroduced by the Language Resource sections found at the end of each unit. These are more than just summaries of grammar and vocabulary, they promote an active, awareness-raising process of review. - The Review units are a user-friendly way of revising. They have a test-like quality but are also varied and fun to do.
As each lesson in Attitude progresses, the language needs of the learner evolve. They need more challenging contexts in which to stretch their English to the limits. So Attitude builds on the topiCS and activities of the lesson's initial stages, focusing increasingly on freer tasks where students have the opportunity to explore the language as it relates to their own experience.

Attitude gives students a unique opportunity to find their own voice and to be who they really a re - in English'

The Authors


We'd love to hear how Attitude is working for you. Please send a ny comments or experiences you'd like to share with us to attitude@macmi1lan .com.

What's in Attitude?
A ttitude for students
The six levels of Attitude take learners from starter

to advanced. Each Student's Book contains twelve
units, each of which focuses on different aspects of an overall theme over four lessons. Students are

presented with content that is interesting and thought provoking, and from which language ski ll
development exercises naturally flow. Key support

for reading texts and other activities is provided

through Glossaries and Notes. There are

A lesson from the Studenfs Book

comprehensive language Reviews and sections
developing writing and self-study skills.




Attitude Workbooks consolidate and practice the language presented in the Student's Books. The same activities are available in a choice of print format (with audio CD), or on an interactive CD-ROM. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, reading and listening activities relate to the topics in the Student's Book. language Practice activities consolidate the language learned in a particular unit. The Grammar Summary is a useful resource fo r when a Student's Book is not to hand.

Watch w ith Attitude
Attitude DVDs offer high-interest video clips, linked in theme and content to the Student's Book. The DVD itself contains pronunciation, speaking, and everyday English activities. In addition, DVD Activity Books offer a variety of activities to guide students through the DVD. Teaching with Attitude DVDs is easy - just press play on your remote control and let students practice and learn; it's rewarding - students understand real language and culture seen in contexts that immed iately come to life; and it's fun students get to watch lV to learn!


'" a Worksheet from the DVD Activity Book.

Attitude for teachers
Teachers working with Attitude can make use of the follo wing resources:

Attitude Teacher's Edition
An interleaved format combines the Student's Book content with all of the elements needed to make teaching with Attitude a success.

Attitude Class Audio CDs
Two CDs per level contain all the listening material associated with the Student's Book lessons. They include cover versions of the commercially available songs referred to in the text.

Attitude Resource Books
Over thirty activities from a variety of authors provide options for supplementing the Student's Book and Workbook, particularly in the areas of speaking and writing . Each activity is based on a photocopiable worksheet, and is accompanied by comprehensive instructions for its implementation.

Attitude Test CD ROM
The test CD ROM contains a wealth of testing resources to help you place students within the program and then monitor and grade their progress. Tests come in both ready to print and editable formats.

Welcome t o

. . . ... .. _... .. _ . -' .. • r. ... .. Check the aud ioscript for a listening activity. .-.... - ....-...... .. ..--~-­ -~ -- :~... ..1oo> oM t '" "'- It ' '''_ .... .. '-......... ... Spooll.....--.. ""-():)O_ " " " ~":!...... . ............. . ~. -"'... . _ . . .... Introduction .......... In these cases you will find a note indicating where to refer to...__ " _ .... tllI' . _ ...............-... '. _ . . --.. Occasionally. -.-... ............ ."'-' ...... 1 .....___ .. .... -.... ...-.. -----............... "'.... _ ._..... - po..®. ..... ... due to lack of space an audioscript may be located on an adjacent page..- ~ @. ... . l er............ ..bo olH! -. -~....... .-' __ _-_.-.--_ _ _ _--_ .._.::-..... --»-_.......... Overprinted Answers Answers for many of the exercises appear overprinted on the Student's Book page.... "'-_..·...._-.__--_. ._.-. ..... . .. .--"' -__-... oMl. . .'- .. _ ... .. ... _... ...-" dod"".....- . .. . --. . __ .._---..__ _...._-~- ..--.._-_ .. .'" ._..---....__..-_""" '_""'00... 01 ""' __ ....-~ C!J't. the audioscripts are printed at the bottom of the page where they are to be used.....~.... .....-. -. . .".. --_.......-_...-._ . .. . .. ... .. .-.~-~ p.. .. __-.-_-... ---~.. The Student's Book page This is reproduced full size and in color Objectives The objectives for each lesson are cont ained in a chart at top of the page. _ .. .. .-_.--.. _...-'_.._--......~ ...... --__---__--_... __ .........--_ ....._-. --... • Add value to your classes with alternative presentations and additional activities.. ...1:10 !-' 0 . ' _.....:.. ~'-... . __ '''---... """ ....... ......... ..... ... to facilitate both planning and carrying out the lesson...-_ ----. .... _ ..._._..... -' --_ '---'''-'-_ ._ . _... _---_ _----__---_. _")0-.. 1 .._ ......-...._--_ . ~ . ...._ _ '''---'-'' ._--_ --""- ....<1 . -. _....."' _.--_ ._. .__ _.... _ 'bill'... _.. ...-.... ~ @ n__ oI VOII_ ..... . Audioscripts Wherever possible. ... . ... ...._--._. ' .---....---.. .. --._ ..... _ ..._.".. 4 .. ~<. making them easy to find.._-..""... ..... ~. "'--.. ""....... ... ...-::<i......._. _ _ _ _ _ ... Gt_ _ ............ _ ...... ......... --~ ........---_..-.... t .. ..... _ .........---_-..-...-~-~--~- --.......-_........_-... -_ .. .......'----.............. ..---... --__-_ " .._---"-"-._ _---_ ----_ ------_ _...... .-__ ....Introduction The Attitude Teacher's Edition can help you to • • • Check the answers to an activity...__..._ . .. Plan how you will introduce and monitor the exercises.. .....n ---_.... ... ..- . .- ._.. ...:'..... .

---' This section shows how much time ___---' remains in the lesson. etc. This section shows how much time will have been used up at the start of the exercise. present progressive .is/are eating.Icons Explained Additional Notes Within shade boxes you will find a variety of information that will be invaluable when you have time available to plan your classes in depth. . Attitude uses the following terminology to refer to verbs: infinit ive .ate. The Teacher's Edition includes icons that suggest classroom organization and how much time to allot to each exercise. to sleep. sleep/sleeps. simple past . infinitive with to . and provide information that is immediately relevant to the classroom situation. Often these activities can be carried out without having students refer to their Student's Books. etc. is/are sleeping. etc. Pronunciation not e : background to the pronunciation point and ideas for further practice exercises to help students in this area. sleep.eat. A lifeline when preparation time is limited! Workbook Answers and Audioscripts At the end of the Teacher's Edition you can find the answers for the Workbook exercises and the audioscripts for the listening passages in the Workbook. etc. The notes for an exercise are easy to find thanks to the color coded reference. etc. This section shows how much time to dedicate to the exercise.. Introduction .. Often these activities invite students to contribute their own ideas. Often your own classroom situation will determine which is the most effective way to approach an activity. we have provided plenty of space in the margin for you to make your own notes. Procedural Notes Real classroom research underpins the choice of what to include in the procedural notes for a given activity. Quick grammar guide: background regarding the grammar point and a list of typical student errors to watch out for. See Icons Explained for more details Note: The icons are intended as a guide to help you. The icons you will find are as follows: Classroom organization Students work individually Students work in pairs Students work in small groups of between three and five students Students work together as a whole class t t ~. simple present .to eat. slept.eat/eats. Icons Icons in the margin give information on suggested classroom organization and on the comparative timings of the exercises. Topics covered include the following: Introduce the topic: ideas are provided for you to vary the way you introduce each lesson.II •• • Timing The timing icon provides three pieces of information at a glance. alternatives are provided for you to vary the presentation of the exercises in the Student's Book. Presentati on alternative: frequently. Additional activity: activities that extend the exercises in the Student's Book are provided for you to use if time allows. If while planning your lesson you decide to do things differently.

...!~~ ~:::~M ~' ulary .. ~G = m ::. used with present perfect Vocabulary summary Unit 4 Longuoge Resource lesson 1 Inventions 48 Third conditIOnal Everyday oqocts Descrorg lox! 50 i' 52 ""'" Stn= 00 """"""" "'" """'" Unit 5 Language Resource Lesson 1 Foc1 or fdian? 56 58 Grammar summary.coon LiteratlK9 Cootmo""'" context lesson 3 Fad 10 fonlosy 62 Review: the passive Avoiding repetition -:.!:.~Voc ~b~ summary .. Vocabulary summary ~ Oe<>.-_. 64 Rec)de: past J)€rlect sfTl)e c:nd p-oges:sfIIe..:..de: presslI perlecl.!::::::~.44 Rec. tIYd conciticnaI .:. Lesson 4 Urban myths ~I ' U"' ~·~~~~~ esotnC .:...~ ..

..... Develop your leaming AIoct"" A tou"gUde -""'Exctmgng rnormaticrl obout """" Mnd".....Skills Development Reading Amagazine artide An informal e-mail ~ Writing Ustening Speaking Develop your learning/Writing A"....'''". MakI'lQ' associations with ""'" "'*'- ~ and COIlIf'aStng Usng a dctionary AITWi autobiography Interviews A conversation Writing questions fa( A quiz ---"" rnormatlOO Discussing personal regrets Discu:ssng use of ceIphones '-- Short biography extracts - '- InslructOOs i Infonnal e-mails An int€... DesIgrrog and presenUlg a ....'fVie'w An Internet artiCle A discussion '- AIoct"" A"""" _.. - '-- Coo1pM"lg a wntten and spokeJl text ~ A_ -"'" """"" a quiz A """""'" A"""""..

0. the pa$SIYe vocal. Vocabulary sunmary Lesson 1 ~O 102 104 AEMew and extension: The world around us Lesson 3 GM 106 lood Unit 12 Language Resou rce 130 Grammar summary.Language Development Vocabulary . 86 92 94 Recycle: linkers expressing contrast and -Ing verbs Grammar Vocabulary summary Non-de!ifvng relatrve clauses Your mage and healtl1 l esson 2 1..ctol and possbity n \he past. Vocabulary summary Ncul clauses (1) (uSi:lg wtJ-question words) lesson 1 The great picture Trnck <Yld field . 72 L.. lag .".how Unit 8 language Resource lesson 1 Beauty Of health? .hkefs expressng contrast ~ deso Oil IQ persalaity Intonation of feE*'lg 74 76 The --#Ig verb Recyde: ded.lace Pronunciation Body language UtSSOfl 2 Body lolk lesson 3 Dishonesty lesson 4 Interview Visuol.. WId reialrvs clauses Unit 9 Language Resource ""'" "'""" 98 Grammar summary. Vocabulary summary Songsheets Corrv'nurlcatkln acllvrties [).ctiooary work 134 146 152 158 .. verbal Unit 7 language Resource 78 80 Grammar summary.

O.~~~~--~~----~------~~~~--~---. face Inlervie'l-v with an expert Making inferences about _oct~ - A questionnaire A short stOl'j Job ads.Skills Development Reading A psycfloIogy article ~ Writing A detailed description Ustening Speaking Describing people's faces Develop your learning/writing of.d.atyzing learning styles A magazif)El article A FAO page Extracts from a science book A FADs 011 a website A college seminar '- ATV A radiO interview of cordl.--~~--~-----. Working IoVilh An __ Develop your learning exam leallet An informal talk A{jreeing and disagreeing """"'""" >Nith statements Discussing further educatioo i A quiz website ad Anewspaper article The writing part of an .~~~~---A radio presenter's notes A presentation Develop your writing A short report Discussing beauty and how it is maintained artiCle Anewspaper artiele A radio discussion 1 "'" ''''' of inproving All informal discussion Ar./s and interviewe!s ' notes Discussing a moral dilemma A role play An interview panel ~ Assessing candIdates Making a presentation AAI M I Using a monolingual dictionary Extracts from a sports according to Ranking photographs criteria from a martial arts A radiO phone-in M informaJ convetSation A role play --.

Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth. The reason? "When I use a different name. is common in my country. the reason is for social.. The person's real name is just too long and difficult to remember. such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile. is traditional. exch ange information about your names. has a diminutive... it may be changed '-.sound very attractive . has a meaning. take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa.. b In groups. . 2 Reading skill s . Ram6n Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen . Another reason may be practicality: in the past. if a name sounds too "foreign". Look at some names of your new clients.. He didn't want his father to know he was writing poetry. My first name .to something that is more recognizable in a market.. However. . so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot. . Let's be honest. .1 Speaking skill s a Pu t a chock nexl to the wo rds that describe your firs t name or your last name. is fashionable. however....... women found it very difficult to get published. . is easy to spell.. so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man . .. Of course. Dylan '"-" Thomas. And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele. . Sometimes names are changed for marketing purposes. For example. historical. ." he explained. Find the names that these peop le use. Would you advise them to keep their names or change them? Why? I Why not? William Bradley Louise Ciccone Ram6n Estevez Mary Ann Evans Neftali Reyes Robert Zimmerman Brad Pitt Madonna Martin Sheen George Eliot Pablo Neruda Bob Dylan . In most cases. b Read the article below.... To avoid this situation they sometimes gave themselves men's names. political.. So in the film world. At other times the reason may appear eccentric. a Imagine you are an agent for unknown actors and singers. . . Here are some of the most common .. . or cultural reasons. Liz.. and she did get her books publ ished! GLOSSARY pseudonym an invented name that an arti~t uses publicly instead of their real name particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it's for purely personal reasons. e. Bob. Neftalf Reyes..Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton Artists sometimes choose the name of someone they admire. I always write in a different way. some people do take this course of action- wrote under 75 different names. sounds nice.. Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as easy to remember as just plain "Madonna" . My last name .. but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood. Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Bob Dylan because 0". is easy to pronounce. who Unit 1 You and me . his admiration for the Welsh poet. most people never By Alex McCarthy change their names even if they feel unhappy about them.g. Or maybe the artist's real name doesn't '-.

You ond me T6 Unit 1 . or they could ask and answer questions. Beth. Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to check the words that describe their names in Exercise la. simple past Speaking exchanging information about names Write your nome on the board and tel! students something about it This provides a good model to help students do Exercise lb_ For example. Read aloud the task in Exercise 2b. Encourage students to focus on finding the names. and then get brief feedback from the class. liz. My name is quite common but not very fashionable. [s your first name fashionable? No. Allow a few minutes. Model what you want the students to say. Lizzie.Objectives Grammar Topic: names Pronunciation sentence stress Reading a magazine article simple present. I really like my name. It's difficult to spell and pronounce. Then put students in groups of three or four to do Exercise tb. not really. 2 Reading skills Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a in pairs. not worrying about words they don't know. My name is Elizabeth Mon tgomery. They could either take turns to summarize information. Tell students that these are the real names of well-known stars. Set a time limit for the reading (four minutes) to make sure that students read quickly. My first nome's a traditional nome and pretty common but not vef}' popular. Ask whether anybody knows by what name any of these people are better known. Elizabeth hos many diminutives.

auxiliary verbs. review. ask them if they can tell you the answer to the questions in Exercise 4b .. 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress Quickpronunciation guide English is a stress-timed language. t ·· a Presentation alternative Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d . I R6 like il. Ask students to complete Exercise 3b individually.. Ask students in their groups to decide what they think would be the perfect pseudonym for peaple who wont 1 do the following iobs. Ask them to work individually and then compare their answers with a partner. Do this in groups or as a whole class. Ask students to work in pairs to mark the stresses in the conversation in Exercise 4c .l'e you Ihal nickname? English uses auxiliary verbs for emphasis. Words that don't carry the main meaning of the sentence.-hich verbs are in the simple post. . II is important to get students to exaggerate the stress when practicing pronunciation. She like . Go around the class and help stu dents. F ask students irst. I mode that sound when I played with my corso A Do you like the nome? Unit] T7 You ond me . Then ask them to decide which verbs ore in the simple present and . like articles. Quick grammar guide: The use and form of the simple present and simple post are. After students have listened to and noticed the stressed words in the sentences in Exercise 4a . Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. students at this level regularly make errors with certain forms that they need to be reminded of.. simple present. Then have thorn check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. She does likes . break it down inlo simpler stages.. Speakers of some languages tend not to give the strong syllables enough emphasis and give too much stress to weak syllables. This moy be a new area for students to grasp. Students may forget to use do/n'll/doesln'l} and did!n'l! when forming questions and negatives. to underline all/he verbs in sentences 1to 6.Ask slurlents to do Exercise le.. and it is an area in which it is easy to make errors in form. are not stressed. You could osk them 10 think of a nome in English or their own language. If you feel thai siudenls may find this matching losk difficult. 14IR}' 1R~' fJ. Final~. Addrtional activity Ask students 10 listen and check their answers. 0 Q pop slor Q movies/or a politician a foolball player Q leacher \'-----~ \~'-------~ Do you like the name? What does your fomily call you? A So what does your fomily call you? B They call me "Buzz: A "Buzz?" Why do they call you -Buzz"? B Because when I was a kid. An swers: Verbs and nouns are stressed. Some students may still be translating word for word from their own language. ask students to match the sentences with the definitions. However. of course. and connecting words. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past Have students match the sentences with the definitions in Exercise 3a. Stressed syllables are given much greater weight than weak syllables.. 5 Speaking skills Ask students 10 discuss the topics in small groups and tllCn report their findings 10 the class. Tell students to try saying the sentences to each other in an exaggerated "English" way to help them work out which words might be stressed. simple past Common prob4ems ond errors Students often forgelthe third person form. Play the audio for Exercise 4d a second time so that students can listen and repeat.. She ~ have..•.

Bob Dylan d DisCllss these questio ns. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past a Match the sentences with the correct definition.. 1 Oid anything in the article surprise you? If so. A And 6 --. what? 2 Which names in the article do you like the most? Why? 3 Would you ever change your name? Why? I Why not? o What does your fami ly call you? b Which kind of words are stressed. b Tell the class about anything interesting you discovered. don'. women found it very difficult to get published. 2 your nickname and how you got it. articles? Why? c Mark the stressed words in this conversation. c 4 He changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man. you like (like) the name? B Hmm. __ L _ 51 . (There may be more than a Listen. Notice how some words in the sentence one possible name. Pablo Neruda 5 I always admired him so that's why I adopted his name. talk about the following: 1 your first name and how you got it. Then repeat.. but I wouldn't want my friends to call me "Buzz"! .!l!!. " . a 5 In the past. I changed it to make it sound more •• "A . A Do you lit e the n: me? • • • • d Listen and check your answers. but my family calls me "Buzz". I 7 like (like) it. (say) Brooomm. Brad Pitt.g. but when I was a child I always 4 said (say) Buzz. A So what does your family call you? B They call me " Buzz". So they called me "Buzz".". 1 Well. A "Buzz"? Why 2 did they ~ (give) you that nickname? 8 Well. e. A "Bt!zz"? Why do they c: ll you "B ~zz"? B Becat se when I was a k!d I made that sound when I played with my c: rs. {fI.~ Do you like the name? \1' mencan .. 5 Speaking skills a In groups. repeated action a fact that is always true a present feeling or desire a continuous situation or a repeated action that is now finish ed f a present fact that the speaker wants to emphasize b Complete the conversation with the simple present or simple past. 1 Artists often change their name.) are stressed more than others. A So what do your frien ds and family call you? B My friends here at college always 1 ~ (call) me Richard.. r 3 The Earth moves around the sun once every 365 days. c (j I feel unhappy about my name.. 2 It's much easier for people to remember.c Who said these things? Read the article again and 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress write the pseudonyms.aYU'~ nee.. verbs. b 2 Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton. nouns... when children play with cars they nonnally 3 . A Weird! And when did they give you your nickname? B When I 5 w as (be) about four. I made the change because of my father. you think? Ma donna.. Pele •• 3 The change means I can get my work published.BY. George Eliot 4 Basically.. d a b c d c a single action that is now finished a regular.

5mall or average ? 2 Does your handwriting the left? slope to the right or 3 Are your letters ~ or 4 Do your leiters have separate ? ? b !t)(yJ~'~ 5 Does your hJ"1'\! always the sa me Lt"' <. <lliE!Jj) 3 Rob treats Jane's comments seriously 1 4 Rob wants to ~I talk to fan e.. Complete the "Partner" column.. is there any truth in graphology? irritating lonely organized proud realistic relaxed romantic serious shy Positive attractive V organized cooperative V realistic friendly . \Vel/.. neutral. I'm kind of relaxed because I think !Jfe is too short to worry. for leiters such as a. .¥I9' C}v~ or is it (in one sentence)? Listen to a couple talking. relaxed t/ Neutral Negative active proud serious boring cold ttl' conservative irritating lonely USEFUL lANGUAGE Are you a shy person? generous V" independent romantic shy b Use the adjectives to describe yourself or someone you know.. yes. How do yo u think they are feeling? Listen again.· Lesson 2 Signatures 2 Listening skill s a Write one of your answers from Exercise 1c onto a piece of paper and add your signatlUe.. 1 The average handwriting is 3mm in height... or negative meaning? Write them in the correct column. I'd hate to be shy because it makes communication very difficult. b Now compare your handwriting with other students. c.. Is yours large. 5 The analysis of Jane's handwriting suggests her personality is €§>! difficult.. Put a check by the adjectives in Exercise 1a that describe Jane. 1 Rob is reading 1< a .hearted. 1 Vocabulary : adjecti ves describing perso na lity a Do you think the adjectives in the box have a positive. e Choose the best answer.... active attractive boring cold conservative cooperative friendly generous independent 3 Speaking skills a Complete the table on the opposite page for yourself by checking the "Me" column. Are the descriptions correct for you and your partner? d In your opinion. generally speaking. b Look at your partner's handwriting sample from Exercise 2a.. discuss the results. Unill You and me .1: in "' . but I'm not! I waste a lot of time. She can talk for hours and that drives me crazy! c Which adjectives would you most like to be and which would you most hate to be? I'd love to be organized. btll . No !I'oy! flll/lJore light.Ch" "g r'" C' . c In pairs. "--' you tend to be serious.... n . My cousin Mary is very irritating. According 10 the /{Jble .. baseball and Jane feels 6 Rob watches a lot okay about it I rritated by I . 2 Jane finds graphology nterestm boring.

Put stude nts in pairs to share their ideas. Ask students to work in pa irs to share ideas for ExeN:ise le . lonely. 2 Listening skills For ExeN:ise 2a . Play the aud io for Exercise 2c .. June is feeling annoyed and upse! Uocauso Rob isn't lis ten ing to he r.lIId help studenls with ideas. oren" '/OO? But I want 'A watch this game.YI"iling slopes to the right. Play the audio again if s tuden ts are not sure abou t some of tho answers. Really interesting. You know. know to write their signature 00 (] piece 01 paper. don't exaggerate! I only watch ~ once a week. Rob Gropho·whot? Jane Graphology. The n ask students to do Exercise 2d .. look. trs finishing now. Go a rou nd the class . Jane If means rm serious ond generous. Thol means yau're a great person. So whot does thot mean? Jane Hey. Rob Oh. Then as k a few s tudents to te ll the class what their partner told thom.. you're doing very well. Rob Yes. Rob. Use questions in English to check students' understanding of these words. Before doing Exercise 3e. . modest? Jane And my hondwriting is connected. ask s tudonts to write the sentence and their signature on Il separate picce of paper. 3'--------------------------------------------------------. kind of like this.. Ask students Do you think v. Too serious. right. my \. hondwrifing and personolity. Words thot may need checking ore: boring. Play tho audio again.'e can Iell a 101 about a person from a signature? IMlaI sex is this person? What can you say about hislhet personality? InfTOducethetopic 1 Vocabulary: adjec li ves describing personality For Exercise la .ho is unin teres ted in what Jane is say ing. shy. \1' 3 Speaking ski lls Have st udents do Exercises 3a and3b individually.' Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing personality Reading on informal e·moil present progressive Ustening a conversotion Speaking analyzing and discussing hondwriting Before the lesson. somebody students don'. Use (] photocopier 10 enlarge the signature. oncourage students to make guesses beforo using a diclionary to chock answers they are not sure of.. Ask them to write at least two sentences. ask.. but encourage them to think of more. Thon give students the correct answers by read ing tho words aloud clearly. Jane You're always watching it! Rob Oh. attractive.. actually il means I'm friendly and attractive.mich means rm relaxed and cooperotive. proud. Jane You're olways watching baseball when I right? Jane Rob! Well. showing the prolluncialion and stress. look ot this. Rob rm watching the game! Jone rm just doing this quiz obout graphology. and then ask students to answer the gist question. Put students in pairs or small grou ps to compare their handwriting and disc uss tho ques tions in Exercise 2b. and then as k a few s tudents to lellthe class whal Ihey wro te. Rob Well. Ask students to mark \ho strong stress in cach word. and tope it 10 the board to start the doss. so students should be able to guess their meaning. not in their notebooks. Jane No. For example. Ask s tu den ts to do Exercise 2e individually and then check with a partner. Rob Well. and . you dor'lll You watch baseball f?'Iery cloy' Rob Jane! You and me T8 Unitl . I know. draw attention to the Usefu l Language box. Rob Friendly..'-. They will need to pass their handwriting sample to other students in the class. Most of these words ore cognates. Jane And you know I've got kind of large hondwriling . honey. Ans we rs: Rob is feeling mUlO yed becaus e he wants to wat ch the game . want to talk! Rob I only watch baseball on<e 0 week. er . How do I feel? (proudl Give s tudents a few minutes to think of things to say for the task in Exercise lb. Rob Okay. I knew thol anyway. What else? Jane Well. ask: Checking meaning Whot is the OPPOSite of boring? Which word is the opposite of outgoing and sociable? (shyl Which word means that you feel alone and friendless? (Ionelyl My class got the best grodes in the exom.

Basically. Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 4b in pairs. progressive Common problems and etTOrs Students translate directly from their first language and use the simple present to refer to the future. have is a stative verb. ask them why they chose each tense. Before students do Exercise 5c. and verbs of possession Ihave. it is a temporary situation. make sure they understand that a pain is a very annoying persoll. repeated action A futuro arrangement 2 3 Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 5b in pairs. ti 5 Reading skills Set the scene for Exe rcise 5a by asking students to look at the e·mail and by asking a few simple questions: Who is writing? Who is she writing to? What subject is she writing about? Ask students to check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class." She's seeing Dave Jenkins next Saturday. After checking the answers. Verbs of the mind (think" know. Hero. Then check the answers in pairs before going through them with the whole class. Answers: 1 • Answers: 1 Here.4 Grammar rev iew and extension : present progressive Ask students to do Exercise 4a individually. Hold a feedback session with the whole class for Exercise 5d . Know is a stalive verb. 2 3 4 They are friends. I ¥isiI my friends next Solurday. stative verbs tend to express permanency. I like French fries (always). believe!. hear. I have blue eyes lalways!. Students have a problem recognizing and remembering when a verb is active or stative. go through the rules in the Language Note. wish). won~. 4 An irritat ing habit 5 617 A regular. She is 100 busy to write at other times. we use present progressive to describe something happening now. Ask students if they can think of any other stative verbs (for example. Unit 1 T9 You and me . Quick grammar guide: present The use of the present progressive in English to refer 10 future arrangements may confuse students. own. believe. belong. verbs of emotion llike. I am Argentinian (always!. She feels irritated with Jenny because she is "a pain . so. She feels tired because she's working so hard. ore useful groupings of slalive verbs. Here. hole. As students report their answers to the class. love.

Characteristic 1 2 Example Meaning serious. " ( writ!"!? '- 4 Grammar review and extension: present progressive a Match these examples of the present progressive with their meanings. 1 What is the relationsh ip between Maureen and Jane? 2 Why is Jane writing so late al night? 3 How does Jane feel? Why? 4 What is Jane's good news'? Hi Maureen./ ". disciplined independent cooperative.. X I have 5 She's very rich ! She owns three houses and two apartments! V' 6 I'm being tired and am wanting to go on vacation. liberal. changing. . d This describes an irritating habit thai someone has. It's midn ight and I'm tired but 1 I write I'm writing a you 'nee I'm now beca~. I think 4 you're knowing you know her. 2 Are you knowing that strange man across the street? X Do you know 3 I see what you mean. b Read the e-mail again. delicious. e This describes an action happening now.t's1>he only time I have to do an so busy! I have V I'm having a new job 'm workin I work at Faa 0 Go. Jenny Carpenter? She' now t. b There are some mistakes in the senlences below. a do the (l:!!!. There's a guy in my closs wha thinks he knows everything. 3 You're always watching baseball! --_~/'\/ c This describes a definite arrangement that will 4 I'm staying with a friend until I find happen in the future. a good friend relaxed. It's only or a ew weeks but it's horrible. I'm liking Ihis wine./ X Mmm.i'im:~~ e c Tell your partner about someone you know who is "a pain". I want 1 Mmm . relaxed strong.). Partner large handwriting small handwriting slopes to the right slopes to the left upright connected regular. friendly shy. 10 small loops ( / rI~. b This describes a temporary situation or activity. creative. life isn't all bad. X 5 Reading skills a Read jane's e-mail to Maureen. 2 The rate of inflation is rising quickly now. apartment. 1 I can 'I go for a walk right now because a This describes a situation thai is developing or I'm studying for an exam. Jane You and me Unit] . I'm belonging to a tennis club. Put a check next to the correct sentences. changes large 3 4 "'"" ~ upright ~ 5 6 7 re9ular ir re filar 8 •• big loops ~ . Remem ber Dave Jen kins? 8 I see / Love. the same irregular. generous modes!. d Share your stories with the cJflSS. active. seein])him next Saturday night ! Write soon. creative realistic. X I'm tired. ::=wa y. a fast food place. I like this wine. delicious. likes money M.. irritable romantic. conservative warm. Choose the correct tense. she always complains I'm making the bur fries. Answer the questions. proud. LANGUAGE NOTE Stative verbs are not normally used in the progressive form because the speaker is describing "states" and not "actions". I work like a slave ! There's this girl I work with. Correct the wrong ones.~h~J. I belong to a tennis club . V' 4 I'm having two brothers and a sister. . He's always interrupting the teacher. S I'm seeing my parenls n ext weekend . but in fact he's always complainin e s suppose I make rench he never doe / she's never doing anything .

In British English. brown..blue eyes can be cold.eo- - 1 Vocabulary: colors a What color terms do you associate with tho items in the box? Make combinations with these words. especially adjectives. white. you caP _ ea- 2 Speaking skills a We often associate words.:mill. black. blue.. aggressive) 6 gray (respectable. say Black coffee. dull) 5 red (loving. cold) 2 brown (warm. It's a good color fo r bedrooms. fri endly) 3 yellow (qujet. fun) 7 black (unhappy. Do you agree or disagree with the descriptions of the colors below? Give reasons. light. death-like) b Think of other adjectives that you associate with these colors. rose. white. dark. yellow LANGUAGE NOTE - eggs wine coffee meat bread eyes hair people (skin color) eggs . If you wanl coffee witho~ milk. with colors.brown. Why? I think that blue is a calm calor. e- Unit 1 You and me . groon. blond. 1 blue (radical. yellow b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 14. please (or Coffee with cream). U you want coffoo with . say white coffee. hazel. I agree that blue is cold .:. red. bappy) 4 green (polluting. ~ please. negative) 8 white (pure. say Coffee. gray.

and irs no surpl"ise that at a funeral most people wear this color.. And within one culture. Okay. we feel there is no light.-. Bul as you will see taler in this talk.----.-- - . I will look at how color is interpreted In different ways by different cultures. only darkness. "'--- . I'm going 1 talk oboul two different colors. •• Mako sure students find the corroct section of the Vocabulary Summary on page 14 for Exercise lb. In most Western cultures. I wont 10 ploy a lillie game with you. we associate this calor with powerful emotions like anger. In the first part of this lalk. and that we often refer to the planet Mars with this color. As on experiment. you see. irs the color of evil. lers start. Now bock to my lillie experiment. t just wont to say that color is not on internolioool concept. In our cuUure. Bul before t begin. this color means sadness. Welcome to the first lecture on ·CoIors and Culture: We're going to explore the ossocia1ions thot colors have in our culture today. For Exercise 3 on page 11 :::. Colors affect our lives and our feelings in many wafS. Noto: hazel is a light brown. the association . Irs the color 01 fire and it gives heal. no! all cultures see colors in the some way.the king of colors! We associate it with strong emotians such as anger and passion.Objectives Vocabulary colors and color collocations Topic: colors Writing a paragraph Ustening a lecture Speaking making associations with colors Ask a few personalized questions 1 sellhe topic for the lesson: Whars your favorite color? Why? Are there 0 Introduce the topic any colors you don't/ike? What colors do you generally wear? What color is your bedroom? 1 Vocabulary: colors Direct students' attention to lho Language Note before asking them to do Exercise 1 a in pairs. Now. tel's begin with color number one. this is probably the strongest color of all . as I said before. Then ask stu dents to work in pairs to do the tasks in Exercises 28 and 2b . Brie ny elicit answers from the class. very different In the second port of this lecture. Irs also the color 01 wor. and it gives us energy. we use it to talk about unhappy feelings and unhappy situations.. slightly green color.. In most cultures. 2 Speaking skills Discuss the first color (blue) as a class to get students started. the idea is tha t you eat fa st and go. We also associate the color with high temperatures! It's also the color of love and revolution. this color rePfesents alilhot is dork and negotive in our world. Now for the second color. Can you guess the two colors I wos talking about? You and me T 10 Unill . Irs no accident that many fast food restaurants are often painted in Ihis color... such as dealh and wor? So. It's the color of death.. we'liloak at the role of colors in our life. butI'm not 0 going to menlioo the names ollhe colors! See if you can guesS !he IWo colors I'm lalking about. we all shore the some associations. can be very. But what Ihat color means . And what do you calithatlype of humor that laughs at terrible things in life. II is no accident that "The God of War"" is named Mars. Why? Well. whal do I mean when I soy that color is not an international concept? The color red is the some for a person from Thailand and a person from Venezuela. In such situations. Okay.

white represents deoth. collect them and correct them.. but when you go to Japan you realize Ihat white hos completely different associations .. so. Once you have discussed the answers with the class.think.. and we even hove a type of music coiled "the blues" . a lot of the hooses are pointed in while and blue.ouse life and death are connected. islonds. in some cultures... you may need to play the audio twice before students get all the answers. white also has associations with being born again . Lers toke another example: blue in the United States is associated with sadness . -oltemattve The oudioscript for Track 4 is on page no II. While is now also becoming common 01 weddings.which originated from the sadness of the slaves in the southern Stotes. Start rhe next lesson by handing OUIthe texts at random and asking students to read and guess rhe writer. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. Okay. On lhe Greek.S" you'll see peaple dressed in block at funerals.'--. helping students with ideas and vocabulary. . After students hove wrinen their texts. for example. but this is nattradilional. \'. let me give you on example -the color white. Answers: The speaker talks about red and black. You cou ld guess from the colors' associations.-----. Unill T 11 You and me . For Exercise 4d distribute the paragraphs randomly so that each student has a piece of writing that be longs to another student .like. Students cou ld compare their notes with lhose of a partner before doing Exercise 4c. 3 Listening skills Encourage lots of speculation in Exercise 3a as students try to predict the content of the lecture from the litle... for the Japanese. And that purity is symbolized in a bride when she wears white in a "white wedding: We might also soy thot her cheroder is -whiter than white" or "as white as snow: Now thors in the United States. A 'white wedding' is on interesting example of how one culture will be inftuenced by another culture and "barrow" or adopt a new custom. it is associated with rebirth. blue is associated with peace and tranquility.we talk about feeling blue when we feel sod or depressed. Allow students to hear the audio only once to answer the gist question in Exercise 3b. The texts can then be returned to their writers.. In the States. of lhe blue Mediterranean $eo and the bright blue skies.-. You con understand this . In Greece. lers turn to the ideo that different cultures interpret colors in different ways. But be<. check students understand thai fiery refors to colors associated with fire and that JlOvy blue is a dark blue color traditionally used in sailors' uniforms. blue hos a complele1y different meaning. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Encourage them to practice using English to talk about their own culture.. So in most cultures in the U. however.tIite usually means something pure and cleon. irs a happy color. As students take notes in Exercise 4b. For Exercise l e. o T 4 Writing skills Before doing Exercise 4a . but in contrast in Japan you con see people wearing white. go around the class. and they ore stunningly beautiful. let them listen again.

d Give your paper to the teacher. don't you like and wh y? 4 Do the colors of your clothes represent your personality? Why? / Why n ot? c Use your notes to write a short paragraph like the one in Exercise 4a. 1 What do blue and white mean in your country? 2 What do you personally associate with these colors? 3 Do you have any expressions in you r langu age related to these colors'? What are they? Can you think of expressions related to other colors? 4 What other colors have sp ecial mean ings in your country? Are there expressions related to these colors? '- 4 Writing skills a Read this short text. 9 wfui:e -wed.dings whiter than white 11 funera ls feelin~ blue = sa or 13 m USiC 10 I<ha [ a!O!!. What do you thi nk the speaker will talk about? b Listen to Part 1 of the lecture. Wh ich two colors does the speaker talk about? How did you guess? Look at th e notes a studen t made on Part 2 of "Colors and Culture". Read out th e paper your teacher gives to you. happiness /mdes.3 Listening skills o a You are going to listen to part of a lecture on "Colors and Culture".S. 1 How imp ortant is the color of clothes to you? 2 What colors do you tend to wear and why? 3 What colors in clothes. Can the other students guess who the writer is? Youond me Unit l . 4 G>eec£ 5 PIICb': 6 deat h 7 sadness 8 peace. Listen and complete them. Would you be attracted to this person? Why? I Why not? b Make notes on these questions. \1' c r--1 'Wbit~ U. 2 Ilu!an 3 U·S.l[ 12 dep ressed the flues called hOllses painted blue & w hite 14 "--- d Discuss these ques tions. tranquill ity. if any.

... An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painting (by . Then listen to the tour guide again and check your answers. . Listen to the other pairs and note down any differences that you didn't find. I like it because of Lhe . A water color An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painling (by .. write a short description comparing and contrasting the two paintings. Use tbese categories: The people and the place The activities The feelings. Types of painting b Discuss these ques tions. I like it because of the In the foreground/backgroun d you can see.. ~ b Read the sentences below and complete them with some of the words from the box. 1 Do you have a favorite artist? Who is it? What type of work does/did the person do? 2 Do you have a favorite painting? Talk about it. A water color It's a picture of two She's wearing .1 Warm up a In pairs.. 3 Both paintings have a similar theme 4 Red is the color of love and passion Unitl You and me ..... An abstract work A self· portrait (of . and the clothes a Listen to a tour guide talking to visitors in an art gallery. o 5 Compare 3 Prepare In pairs. 1 [ think it's German. II shows . the colors.. 1 Renoir painted portraits and landscapes 2 The two paintings show dancers in the city and in the country . the city the country fashion landscapes passion portraits scheme seascapes theme the lown 4 Feedback Report the differences you found to the class. put the words and phrases into the appropriate category in the tahle... . In the foregroundlllacksround you can see .. .) 2 Task In groups.. quickly find as many differences as you can between the two paintings above and write them down... ) An abstract work A self-portrait (of.. How many of your points does the speaker mention? Make a note of the points you missed. She's wearing . Phrases describing paintings U's a picture oflwo .. J It shows . I think irs Gennan .

2 Task Get students started by eliciting two or three differences from the class and writing them on the board. The woman in the second painting is wearing a beautiful dress and white gloves . Give a short time limit. the woman is wearing a red hat and gloves .she's holding a fan. and landscape (a painting of a scene in the country). helping with vocabulary and language use. Once students are seated. The woman in the second painting seems cold and uninterested. In both paintings. the colors. 3 Prepare Go around the class. Model answer: The people and the place I the activities Both paintings show a man and woman dancing. cui from magazines. 4 Feedback Ask a few pairs to stand up and tell the class what differences they found. simple post. In the first painting. Then put students in small groups to extend the lists. In both paintings. check that they have understood portrait (a painting of a person). and decide on their favorite. whereas in the second painting they are in a very grand building .Objectives Grammar Topic: art Reading comparing a written and spoken text Writing Ustening a tour guide simple present. Let students compare their notes in pairs before discussing as a class. and the clothes The woman in the first painting seems happy. the man is wearing a black suit and the woman is wearing a light dress. When students report back to the class. In the first painting. The oudioscript for Track 6 is on page Tl3 '!II You and me T 12 Unitl . Ask students to walk around the class. look 01 the paintings. The feelings. Encourage the rest of the class to take brief notes as they listen . 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 5a. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise I b as a brief open class activity. The man looks passionate and in love with the woman.she is probably richer and more sophisticated than the woman in the first picture. say four minutes. present progressive a comparative description Speaking comparing and contrasting paintings Bring in pictures of famous paintings. ask. as students write their descriptions. Ask students to listen and note the points the speaker mentions. Introducelhe Iopk 1 Warm up Ask students to do Exercise 1a in pairs. self-portrait (a painting of the artist by the artist). you can see plants in the background. a few to tell the class which painting they liked and why. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exer cise s b before playing the audjo again so that they can check their answers. they are outside.perhaps a ballroom. Put them on the classroom walls at the start of the lesson.

He painted all kinds of pictures. look at Dance in the Countryogoin and nolice the colors.. Afterwords. So. b Suggested answers: Okay. you said thaI Renoir . Dance in IheCounlry we can see his foce. To make the presentations in Exercise 7b more natural. uh . uh . the first thing we nolice is the woman's red bonne!. but there's also red in her fan. we notice is lhe mon in the first pidure. we can'! really see fhe man's foce at 011. Also cIlcollrllge Ihem to usc tho phrases they identified in Exercise 6b. uh. Ask students to close their eyes and imagine one of the paintings they can see. Tourist l in love? Sorry to interrupt. .. He was....one of the best.. interesting differences.. and the second one is called Donee in the Cityand . Tell students 10 think carefully about how Ihey are going to describe the painting to other people.. uh . For Exerc ise Sa on page 12 1't Tour guide Now. and he is standing very close to lhe young lady. but the other one seems kind of bored so we .. so . As you know. Have them choose a painti ng and make notes to describe it. leI's begin by looking at the people.. surrounded by painlings. Renoir was 0 French Impressionist . a famous British painter who specialized in crowded urban scenes. Divide the closs into groups of four. okay.. uh . Notice that in bo!h pictures we hove a young couple dancing. in love with lhe man.. Unill T1 3 Yovondme .. now.. Remind students to usc the headings from exorcise 3 011 pago 12. passion.. .. red is Ihe color of love. we . right? In Donce in the City. we can see tha t the colors are generally more somber. Additional activity Imaginary art gallery.. um ... particularly Renoir's use of red. uh . but how do we know she's in love? Guide How do we know she's in love? Well.. Guide Yes? Tourist 2 Well. Tourist 2 Sorry. encourage students ilOilO look al their written descriptions as Ihey speak. Okay. os mony of you will know. you see there? Oh yes. Now. II could be a famous painting or a completety imaginary one.. Culture note The pointing in lhe righl-hond margin of Ihis page is Picadilly Orcus by laurence Stephen lowry (1887-19761. kind of . and Renoir often uses the color red in this way. You can see Ihe first one's smiling and seems really happy. now look carefully ollhis girl and compare her to Ihe girl in the other picture..•• 6 Notice Be fore asking students to do Exercise 6a. get the feeling that the firsl woman is crazy about him ". help them identify where the lexts are from and that Text B is a transcript of an oral texl. For Exercise G ask students to work in pairs. uh . Ask students to open Their eyes and toke turns describing lheir painting. •• 7 Follow up If you brought in painti ngs to start the lesson. Co around lhe class and help.. of . if we turn 1 the 0 second picture. . as you can see they both have a similar ". but. butlhere ore some . in Donce in the City.this one.. He has a beard. uh . Okay.. uh.. now So Kind of this one okay? Exercise 6c can be conducted as an open class discussion . so tho! shows us . now here we see IWO of Renoir's besl·known paintings: the first one Is called Donee in the Counlry.. can I just ask you a question? There's something I don'l understand here . Dance in the City. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919.. Iheme: young couples dancing. find ouf which students in each group really broughl their paintings to life.. you could refer to them again for Exercise 7a. and she's wearing a long dress with a pattern of red flowers. Tell each group lho! they are in the middle of on art gallery.. he mostly pointed por1raits and landscapes. Ask students to work in pairs or small groups. The 6rst !hing. Okay. uh.

.. Okay. um . make notes on it then write a short description of it... ... now. Okay.we can see his face. . Dance in the Country and Dance in the City. interesting differences. we notice is the man in the first picture -this one.. died Cagnes. let's begin by IooI<. Despite similarities in theme.. but he mostly painted portraits and landscapes.. as you can see they both have a similar. uh . Renoir primarily painted portraits and landscapes. there are several interesting differences between the paintings. uh . 7 Follow up a In pairs or small groups. uh . Together. The assumption is that the first woman is in love with her partner whereas b What expressions are typical of the spoken text? okay. whereas the young woman in Dance in the City appears somewhat uninterested. but the other one seems kind of bored so we. kind of . uh . Dance in the Country . You can see the first one's smiling and seems really happy.. Renoir.. b Present your description of the painting to the class. now here we see two of Renoir's best -known paintings: the first one is called Dance in the Country and the second one is called Dance in the City and .. This young woman appears extremely happy.remember that spoken English is different from written English! You and me Unit 1 .. uh. Tour guide Now as many of you will know. c Give examples of similar expressions in your own language. 19 19. The first thing. Notice that in both pictures we have a young coup~ dancing but there are some . in Dance in the City. Auguste Renoir: born Umoges.one of the best. Okay. Don't just read out the written description . both feature a young couple dancing. we . we can't really see the man's face at all.. In the former. F rance. uh .. get the feeing that the first woman is crazy about him . Okay.. uh. choose one of the paintings on this page (or one your teacher gives you). but. He was. he has a beard and he is standing very close to the young lady. 1841. Renoir was a French Impressionist ... One of the greatest French impressionists.. now look carefully at this girl and compare her to the girl in the other picture. now. uh . one can see a bearded man dancing very close to a smiling young woman.ing at the people. Make a list of differences between the two texts... . he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919.. theme: young couples dancing.. He painted all kinds of pictures. uh. okay? In Dance in the City.6 Notice a Compare the written and spoken texts about the artist. two of Renoir's most famous paintings. so .. in love with the man.

v.nite. yellow. feelings and desires at the IJ(esent tine: I want a break. Her two friends work there.flite. remove -y and add -ied: study -+ studied. Neutral realistic ~ined Negative irritating """""" -. white. drink -+ 2 Collocations with colors eggs wine wtYte.I hate itl 2 Review and extension of simple past Use Vocabulary Summary 1 Adjectives: personality Posffive • a single action in the past that is now finished: We went to a bar last night. not nine! Fo. permanent situations and states: lINe in BtaziI. rose black. red (sleepy. white. rootioe. regular actions: I often go to the movies. eat -+ ate. '00. Fo. sad) black. Affkmative: We m e t friends and had pizza last night. weather's good . brown.". tell -+ told. emphaSizing a fact/feeling: He does live'here. Vllhat are you doing? a temporary situation or actMty: My sister is living in France right now. dark . Affirmative: She w orks in a bank. black. • a definite anangeo"Ie(ll for the future: We're leaving at six tomorrow morning and meeting the others at the airport. brown (tan from the sun). white. """" act"" ""'" """""""" "" w""' """. brown. which you need 10 learn: go -+ went. red.. I work as an engineer.E RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of simple present Use a facts. hazel. a situation that is developing or changing: Susan is losing a lot of weight.. She's studying French art and architecture. stay -+ stayed -+ liked. I usuaRy watch comedies. add -ed: look With verbs ending in -e. Negative: We aren 't reading vet)' much right now. Affirmative: I'm reading a really interesting book right now. dark.". black (German dark rye bread) an action happening now: I'm reading about grammar.en) brown. things that are true: • an irritating habit that someone has: You're &Ways interrupting me. They don't worle /ate very often. blue. tired. buy -+ bought.Ie -+ maved Cho o se three adjectives that describe each of thes e people: yoo With verbs ending in consonant + -y. brown reel. green. Negative: She doesn't work on the weekend. """ '''''''' """""""" urI1appy happy Question: Did you meet them at the restaurant? Emphatic: I did call you! Note the spelling rules for regular past forms: With most verbs.live """" romantic cooservative quiet radical dul sad rod cooperative sboog modest attractive """" bomg irritable ~"" Negative: We didn 't m eet until pretty /ate In the evening. but he can't walk yet. gray. people my nickname . Question: Does she work hard? Do they work through lunch? V 5 "How's Kevin's leg?" "OIl.JAC:. 1 "Vv'hat are you majoring in?" "I'm majoring in history: V V 2 These tomato plants are growing very quickly if the weather's good. Jeff is always turning up late these clays. dark (chid<. 4 Our neighbors are always playing loud music late at night and it really annoys me. · it's getting botter 6 I'm never telling people my nickname -I hate it! I never tell Emphatic: We do wa nt you to s tay longer . probably because her mother is getting sicker and she's worried. double the consonant: plan -+ planned. 3 I can't see you ton ight .. white (British English onty) reel. gray. carry -+ carried With one-sylLable verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant.". blond. add -d: like organized "'m respectable -+ looked.we're having a fami ly dinner. fT'IO. light. I feel tired.0 • emphasizing a fact/feeing: You did say you'd moot me at eight. it gets better. b c d e The soo riSes in the east and sets in the west. I'm surell do love you! QuestiOn: Are you reading anything good? Is the use o r the te n ses in these sente nces c orrect? Put a c heck by th e correct senten ces and correct th e wrong o nes. • a continuous situation or repeated action that is now firished: People lived in poverty in those days.it's just th81 we won't be here. phi your best friend your mother or lather -+ 3 Review and extension of the present progressive coffee m eat b read eyes Use • • • pro"ad A lot 01 verbs have an irregul<v past form.. They often diedyoung. These tomato plants grow very quickly if the Fo. lighVdarI< hair people (s kin c olor) Unit 1 You and me ....

d Now klok at the dictionary extracts on page 154. when do you use it? 3 Have you ever used an English-English dictionary? If you don't have one. would you buy one? Why? I Why not? 2 Information a dictionary can give you a Would you use a dictionary in these situations? Write . or ? I would use a dictionary every lime: 1 I see a word or phrase that I don'. 1 We're still in the black thanks to my new job. Jt can telL 'if!I! dJf/eYe:nl ?'Itet1m11fjS of the . make a list of the different pieces of information an English-English dictionary can give you.py • mdl'penckln[ Idscn(<l)ldsl In'spe k [~bll • 3: ro-man-tic 3: dis-ci-plined 3: un-hap-py • kou'mrenuk/ Idlsaphnd/ IAn'hrepJ / romantic disciplined unhappy • independent generous respectable f Words often collocate with other words. 53 at the back of your book and look at the section on how to use your dictionary. 3 I see a word or phrase that is important to understanding a text. verb Blue: noun Green: noun Red: nOUD 2 Which two eolors can describe an unhappy feeling? Bl ack. In pairs. and three ••• categories mean? b Use the dk:tionary entries on page 154 and 155 to answer the following questions. You and me Unit l .00 is cou:nf4l:1e or U:'1u:ounMile. Which of the words in the box apart from leader and drink can strong also collocate with? ACTION PlAN [> 8 leader drink discussion marriage swimmer film Strong swimmer Strong marriage Your action plan: using our dictionary Tum to page 152 and . He has no experien ce 4 When I got the answer wrong I turned red with embarrassment. can you add anything more to the list you made in Exercise 2c? 3 USing a dictionary a Why do you think some of the words are in red? What do the one'. te1L }fJU. c A dictionary is full of information about words and phrases.Using a dictionary 1 Dictionaries you have used In small groups.If a )1. which ones? Bl ack: noun.ent Pronunc iation 3: gen ·er-ous 4 : re-spec·ta·ble 8en-er -011s re-spec·ta-bJe ro-m -an-tic dis-ci-plined uD-hap.)(. J felt very embarrassed e Use the dictionary entries to complete the table below with information about the words in the box. b Discuss your answers. Jt can.I. discuss these questions. two ". 4 I see a word or phrase that I am curious about. know. Number of syllables 4: in·de-pend·ent Main stress in·de-pend. when do you use it? 2 Do you have a bilingual dictionary? If yes.£'1m1e 'm?Yd. Note: You will need to show your list to a classmate at the end of Unit 2. 1 Do you own a dictionary in your language? If yes. bl ue c How many meanings do the adjectives black and green have in the dictionary entries? 7 d What do you think the f(jlowing phrases ~n Italic) mean? Check your ideas in the dictionary entries. 2 I see a word or phrase that I can'. For example the adjective strong can collocate to produce a strong leader or a strong drink but not a strong enemy. 1 Can any of the "color adjectives" be nouns or verbs? If so. Make a list of some more useful things that you learn about the information an English·English dictionary can give you. figure out. You do not have any debt 2 You can ask me till you are blue in the face but I won't do it! There is no use trying to persuade me 3 He's too green to do that job.

she used to misbehave constant! y . a job in a local theater. was used to + ing verb 4 . discuss these questions. used to.. Unil2 Fame and fonune . used to + verb 3 Hayek wasn't used to going against her parents' wishes . De LANGUAGE NOTE + used to + noun/-ing verb can be used in the present or the past: 1 2 3 4 What is your favorite movie? Who starred in it? What was it about? How successful was the film commercially? She wasn 'f used to going against her pareIlt~· · wishes. simple past To express that we wnw accustomed to something in the past. I like if.. simple past 5 Although Hayek was used to considerable success . which didn't pay much . Student B: Look at page 151. or repealed actions in the Why is it important? Salma Hayek was horn.... My Crazy Life popular TV soap career in Hollywood first hig break • 5 6 pasl Ihal are nol true or that don't happen now. simple past 2 .S. e Now complete this chart with your partner. International Rela tions September 2nd. in fact. or was used to + noun/-ing verb. Info rmat ion 1 2 Grammar review and extension : simple past. Student A: Look at page 150.. 1966 University 2 3 Teresa L. situations. be used to Frida huge success in U.A . 1 Who is the person? Z What do you know about her background? 3 Can you name any of her movies? 4 Have you seen any of her movies? If so.1 Reading skills a Look at the pictures of this famous person. I'm used to gelling up early in the morning.. used to For situalions and actions that are now finished.. Answer the questions. Then write the correct form by the rules: simple past. d In pairs.. what did you think of them? b You are going to read an article about this person.. used to + verb.. was used to + noun For habits. be used to a Look at the examples below.. 1 Her parents sent her to a private Catholic school in Louisiana.

In the form be used to + ing. Tell the closs 10 osk you questions 10 find oul why the dole. 0 be used to doing a mini autobiography speaking from graphic information Write on the board a dole. You may wish to check students understand them: kicked oul of school = expelled from school dropped oul of school = /eft school before completing studies gol a big break •• Vocabulary extension =hod a greal opportunity Ihe film bombed = the film was very unsuccessful. bull never ploy on Sunday. the name of your dog. without showing Mch other their graphs. the town you were born.l6r lennis. Then ask students 10 match the forms to the rules. lor example. Encourage students 10 share any information they know. 2 Grammar review and extension: simple past. tell each student clearly whether they are student A or student B. If a post imperfect tense in the students' own language expresses the some meaning as used to. I tJSe Ie :eJe)' baseball on Saturday. place. Check with the class which form is being used in each exam ple. After students have discussed the questions in Exercise ld . and a pefSOfl/lhing thaI is important in your life. ~ Quick grammar guide: used 10 Students often forget to use 10. The form used to + infinitive talks about post slales and habits thaI are no longer Irue. They tJS98 . tell them anything extra at this stage. have a briof class discussion. but don'. place. If there are no identical forms in the students' own language. Before starling Exercise l b. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Aflor students hAve discussed the questions in Exercise 1a briefly in pairs. Common problems and errors t . learners sometimes think thal lhey are expressing a post habit when they use a simple post form of a verb in English. Make sure students only read the text and complete the graph that is on "their" page. Fameondfortune T1 6 Unil2 . Otld person/thing ore important to you. be used to Have students foad the exam ples in Exercise 2a. The texis on page 150 ond 151 contain a number of very colloquial expressions. similarity of the forms. they tend to ovoid using these forms. and person/thing in his or her life. Tell pairs to complete Exerciselc together.Objectives Grammar Topic: biographies of famous people Reading a biography Writing Speaking simple pasl. in pairs. Students think the form used /0 + infinitive can be used in a present form and confuse it with usually. elici t feedback from the whole class.. used to. Then have each student write down on important dole. and ask them 10 interview a partner. and it means be occuslomed 1 The confusion arises from the 0 0. the dole you become a teacher. a place. Draw st udents' attention to the Language Nole and ask them to think of some examples of their own. usedis on adjective and 1 is a preposition. used 1 do.

helping with ideas and vocabulary. Have students complete Exercise 2g ind ividually. Then have students draw their own timelines and label them with key events. Discuss the qucslion in Exercise 2c with the whole class and ask them fo r the reason why this is so. ask students to share with the class the false info rmation in each au tobiography.talkln Help students generate ideas by writing the following prompts on the board at the start of the activity: Bom etIterncIIWe 510rled school Moved house/ fawn Left school Mel Possed_ Woo__ When students are ready. ask them to exchange the ir autobiography with a partner fo r Exercise 4b. Use Exercise zf as a lead-in to the text by asking the whole class the questions. Prase . on the board and briefly drawi ng your "li fe " a ll it (see pages 150-1 51 for examples). Tell the class about a ile or two good or bad things from your life. Answers will vary with students' background knowledge. Elicit additional questions from the class until you feel students understand their task. Then ask them to work individually. tl 3 Speaking skills Model the activity in Exercise 3a by d rawing a graph. Before putting students in pairs fo r Exercise 3b.Do the fi rst express ion in Exercise zb as an example to got students started. (Some phrases can only be used with simple past because they refer to one fi nished time in th e past. Demonstrate how to interrupt with questions. Finally.) Have students work in pai rs for Exercises 2d and 2e . 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow the steps in Exercise 4a to write a 50· word autobiography. Unil2 T 17 Fame and fortvne . ask stvdents to research and write the biography of their favorite movie or sports star. and moni tor to make sure thoy are applying the rule correctly. Go around the class as they write. model the speaking task by asking a capable student to talk about his or her life. rather than just taking turns to give informa tion. or limeli ne. AcIdttIonaI octivity For homework. Encourage students to do this during th e activity. Then ask them to check with a partner before discussing tho answers with the whole dass.

2 Include one thing about yourself that is not true... 4 Give your autobiography to a partner. Pele 6 made his intemational debut when he was 16. B Where did you live after that? A We moved to Quebec. He 9 won a second winner's medal in 1962 and a third in 1970. Follow these steps: 1 Make brief notes for your autobiography. phrases as possible.b We can use a number of time words with the 3 Speaking skills simple past.. soccer player Most people believe Pele 1 was the most successful player in the history of soccer.. 6 Did you use to 4Il. because I wasn't used to the cold or speaking French. c Which go only with the simple past? d Complete the sentences with as many time A I used to live in Texas.. Which ones? 1 When I was a child. 5 My grandparents~used to JIEPin an apartment near the beaCh.-en~to the movies. in Brazil. as on pages 150 when I lived in Canada both last winter simple past and 151. compete be (x2) be born make vote play (x2) score shine spend win . when.363 first-class games (1955-1977) and scored 1. In 1980 the sports wond 12 voted him "athlete of the century". he 5 shinedlused to shine other people's shoes. Can you find the information that is not true? g Complete the text below with the verbs in the box. three days ago simple past on my last birthday simple past Student A: Talk about your life.. In groups. and with used to. ~ I was used to walk to school. 2 Last night we used to go {. -- .281 goals. and in Brazil he is a national hero.. It was difficult at first . I visited my grandparents ___ _ _ __ e Choose the correct verb form in each sentence. at Christmas time both when I was a child both Student B: Interrupt A to ask questions with did.i often used to visit my grandparents. Which of the a Think about the ups and downs in your life.Pew (popular name of Edson Arantes do Nascimento) Born 1940. .c . 1 Do you know who this is? 2 What do you know about him? 4 Writing skills a You are going to write a mini-autobiography.d y09 my some beer this morning? f Look at the picture on the right. b Read your partner's autobiography. But his feet didn't hurt when he played . where. discuss these questions. in 2002 simple past at midnight both b In pairs. 4 I couldn't understand the S ish here at first. at nine o'clock both this morning simple past why. 3 W en we lived in New York. Interrupt yesterday simple past last night simple past your partner to ask questions. In two sentences both forms are correct. He 2 was born in Tres Coracoes. of your ups and downs. and at 17 he 7 played/competed for Brazil in the 1958 World Cup Final. He 10 spent most of his career at Santos (1956-74) and then with the New York Cosmos (1975-7). expressions can go with both? Make notes and draw a graph. using the graph to help you. because I didn't use to I asn't used to hearing that dialect. we often € : D sed to to the theater. Pele couldn't afford soccer shoes. etc. show each other your graphs.he 4 pIayedlused to play barefoot! To make money. He 8 scored two goals in the 5-2 win over Sweden. used to. His family 3 were very poor and when he was a boy. Use the simple past. 3 Write your autobiography in about 50 words.. He 11 played/competed in 1. or be + used to.

J. . n dream abOut shiPPin --Aristotle F rd founder of the Ford Motor Company.. In fact.. ld hether at H enry 0 . . said. . an: answer these questions. ecause you'll Ice to peopl ' meet them e on yOUr on the waydo. .w . "I I' believe in the dignity of labor.. the only son of the world 's wealthiest businessman. e renOwned U S way up b of hiS bOOks. Rockefeller. he agreed to lend his son th. au ShoUld' e said Y It' ev . n hOur 'orked maintain h' s a day to s as a welde/ fortune.. installed a pay-telephone for guests in his English mansion. GLOSSARY magnate weallhy and powerful person welder person who makes metal jOints le.ghry Anyone who keeps learrung stays young. Anyone who stOPS learOlng 1S 0. ships) Fome ond fortune . the money had to be paid bac in installments. you don't have a billion dollars.. ed fj day and .. h nk Inane .money.. However. . Paul Getty... . th wrote in one '.. he was worth over a billion dollars. another tells of wher Italian terrorists kidnapped his grandsori-" and he refused to pay the ransom money! Eventualiy. .g. believed. 1 What does he say about being a billionaire? 2 In what ways was Getty "stingy"? A Stingy Billionaire '---' John Paul Getty (18921976). "Be n' '.." n f Unil2 Onassis ch eighree 8 magnate ~ e Greek ." Wilson M' 'zner.. said. One • story has it that h \. screenwriter.. which is the best advice? N~". In YOUr SIeep. "If you can count your-. .. he was well known. . for tIll'S. twenty or el . . c the advice below given by four mil lionaires and answer these questions. money to pay for the child's freedom.Having a fortune 1 Reading skills a WouJ d you like to be a millionaire? Why? I Why not? b Read the magazine article about th multi-milli?naire. I produced think. aVe to chi Or rhe "}j nJghr . part payments made regularly over a penod or lime John D. "I haVt=-'" no problem with being wealthy. for his miserliness.. He top "'1' and ajTh Starred ." Gett) ' always counted his millions very carefully. I worked hard for my money.. whether with head or hand.. ""The famous billionaire always said hi~ wealth was the result of hard work." The greatest thing in life is to keep your nund young.. refusal to spend money ransom money money demanded by kidnappers to release their prisoner insta ~lm e nts.." people needed. one of the richest"'--" people in history. 1 Which one most refl ects the secret of Getty's success? 2 Which advice did Getty ignore? 3 In your opinion... .: rea~ GLOSSARY stingy doesn't like spending money miserliness being stingy.lOu h ·.. Jr.-."When Getty died..

you weren't a billionaire. Answers: 1 Gelly said if you could count your millions. Answers: 1 Onassis's advice reflects the secret of Getty's success. 2 Getty ignored Mizner's advice.. Encourage students to explain their answers . 2 He installed a pay phone for guests. Write the following two words from the text at the top of the board: stingy and wealthy. instead he lent the ransom money to his son. Review the pronunciation and definition of the words. b illionaires are so rich t. In other words. as needed . Then write the following words at random on the board: mean rich well-off miserly prosperous fight-fisted t . Ask students whether they agree with ony of the sayings.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: money Reading a profile of a famous person Ustening interviews money: noun-verb collocations Write one or two of the following well-known sayings on the board: Money makes the world go oround. Why? Why not? Ask students how imponont money is in their lives. he refused to pay the ransom for his grandson. check they understand the questions and draw their attention 10 the Glossary. who had to pay it back. F ame and fortune T 18 Unit 2 . under stingy or wealthy. Draw students' attenti on to Ihe quotes and the Glossary in the lower half of the page. Introduce !he topic 1 Reading skills Discuss the question in Exercise la as a class. ~ Vocabulary extension Ask students in pairs to put the synonyms in the corred categories.hat it is impossible to count how much money they have. Check answers to questions 1 and 2 and hold a class vote on question 3. Money con't buy me love. Before asking students to read the article in Exercise lb. Ask them to complete Exercise lc in pairs. The love of money is the roof of off evil.

Bob Mmm. isn't it? And it even made some people less happy.paid jobs and move inlo something less welt paid but that they really wanted to do. Surprisingly. We look atlhe results in different categories. Did you ask them aboullove? Janet love. rum money from your job. Welt. only 17% of respondents didn't! Bob Mmm. the picture appears to be that a 101 of people lend not 10 change their lives very much after a huge win. kept the some job. Bob It mode no difference to 42% of people . investing. etc. and the 4% who said that they were separated or divorced were probobly going to get divorced anyway' Now. we also asked about work. Have the whole class check in Exercise 2d. Actually. o o - 7'~--------------------------------------------Bob Now. 55%. yes. and only 16% of the winners took up an expensive new hobby like golf. Janet Well.thars nearly two million dollars . Set the scene by asking students a few questions: How would you (eactto winning a million dollars in the fot/ery? What would you spend the money on? How do you think it would change your life? After students have listened to the audio in Exercise 3b and completed the SUIveycolumn. Draw students' attention to the Language Note at the bottom of the page. Bob. Then ask students to use their imagination to complete the Me column in the chart. Janet The other interesting point is that the majority of the people who answered Ihe questionnaire gave money to members of their family. Bob I suppose it"s a perfect opportunity for people to improve their children's education? Janet Indeed. and see which pair can produce the greatest number of combinations. In Exercise 2b. I con understand thot.or more in the lost five years? They wont to find out if the win changed these people's lives. we asked about leisure time. Bob So 15% of people actually went out and found a new job al1hough they didn't need lo? Janet Thars right. you know the old saying thaI money can'l buy love? Well. thars 48%. Bob Happiness . irs very encouraging. and the firsl is happiness. So. Bob Two percent. even though they hod become rich. we've just had the results from Ihe lolest survey. we did. and about three percent only decided to send their kids to private schools. ti Presentation alternative 3 Li stening skills Read the situation in Exercise 3a as a class. Half of those people who changed jobs started their own business. "Whars the poinl of winning so much money if it doesn·t change your life?"" Unit2 T 19 Fame and fortune . Yes. My salory is the amount of money I earn in my job.2 Vocabulary: money After students have done Exercise 2a in pairs. just over half of all the people. Only 15% of the winners quit their job for a new one .. pay for something when you hand over money for it. In the sludio this morning is Janet King. whose market research company conducted the most r8(ent survey. or soiling. and a massive 42% felt it had mode no difference. Bob Yes. you said. Have students change partners before doing Exercises 2e and 2f. Almost half the winners. So. enjoying themselves. and major choices are health ond education.thars amazing! Janet It is. make money from working. really. and that you lend to and borrow from . the results do seem to prove that.so to find out if money makes people happier? Janet Exactly. So that's quite surprising. did you know that The Notional Lolferyin the United Kingdom has sent out questionnaires to all the people who have won a million pounds . Bul you'd think lt1at people would wont to spend lime doing other things. said the win hod made them happier and just two per cent said it mode them less happy. as you know. Janet Yes. In our survey. and they're very interesting. Check pronunciation of waste and receipt. Well. and stress of investment and salary.. Have studen ts attempt Exercise 3c before you play the audio again for them to complete it. how has winning a fortune affected the lives of those tucky people? Janet Good morning. Set a time limit for Exercise 2c (for example. five min utes). ask whether they were "typical" of lottery millionaires in each category. make sure they understand tha t win has a different meaning to earn. Janet. And that isn'l always the case. flying. \n locI. check pronunciation of cam and lose and that students can use the words correctly. Hoving money means you can offord to make choices. winning a lot of money mode no difference to peaple's love lives: 95% of married couples stayed married' Bob 95%' Thars a huge percentage. that makes sense. yel only a tenth of those questioned switched to private doctors. You might ask. though they hod no need 10 work anymore. We assume that those people were able 10 leave well. and Ihars also very interesting.

You just received the questionnaire on tho right that the lottery has sent to all its winners in the past five yoars. 1 Do any of the results surprise you? If so. tn. 1 fli1l?A. 3 Listening skills a How would you react to winning the lottery? Read the situation below and complete the task.J. discuss these questions. .2 Vocabul ary: money a Find a word from the box for each of the descriptions below. 1 How much does a doctor earn in your country'? Z Do you ever waste money buying things you don't need ? 3 When was the last time you lent money to a frie nd'! 4 What do you spend most of your money on'? 5 Have you over won any money in a competition? 6 Do you pre fer to -P. 9 We sent the children to a private school. Think about wha t your answers would be and complete the "Me" column with "yes" or "no. Thon tell the class your ideas. e Complete tho sentences with an appropriate verb from the box. moved to a new neighborhood.by cash or credit card? 2 3 4 My partner and I got divorced. It made me unhappy.i!X. Since then you have gotten murried . I did not quit worn. 5 6 7 8 I took up an expensive new hobby. It made no difference to my happiness. 55% 2% 42% 4% 48% 15% 16% d Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24.. which'! 2 Why do you think winning a lot of money made some people unhappy? 3 What resu lts would the same survey produce in your country? lend sometbing to someone You borrow some/lrills /rom someone Fame ond fortune Unit 2 . and had throe children. have cash credit card 7 give someone money temporarily. I gave money to my family." ~ c The represontative of the company discusses six categories. Listen agai n and write them... to -rnak an.. There arc six extra words. 0 b Listen to an interv iew. you won a million dollars in tho loltery. Verbs make cam spend save lend borrow waste win lose pay investment credit card salary receipt money cash Nouns 1 money in tho form of bills and coins cash 2 something you buy in order to make more money later on investment 3 get some money from a person or an institution. to be paid back laler borrow 4 got money or a pr i z~ in a competition or louory will 5 usc monoy or lime in an inefficient way waslo 6 you can pay with this if YOLI don'. Imagine thi s situation: five years ago. c Make as many verb-nou n combinations as you can wit h the words in the box above. 1 Me The win made me happier. t switched to private medical care.ne5S 2 love 3 work 4 leisure 5 hcallh 6 educatjon LANGUAGE NOTE YOll d In pairs. they will pay it back lend 8 what you got as proof of buying something receipt 9 what yO ll recoive overy month for working sa lary 10 use money to buy things spend b Check that you understand the other nouns and verbs in the box obove.~!e. I got a new job. 10% 3% 83% r Ask and answer the questions fro m Exercise 2e with a part ner. Comp lete the missing percentages in tho las! column o f the table. 50"".

but he went on to become the greatest basketball plllyer of all time. o nly to come back to the sport. but it was there that her career .. c Rea~ lhe extracts ogain. Since then. Sadly. Discuss thorn with a parlner. his career ended only a few years later. he was clearly past his m.it was 1101 a personal choice o lorda n A link known fuel: when he was in high school. he failed to get OnlO the school basketball team.. she had to leave the country of her birth after the military coup of 1973. He retired twice. Uni!2 Fame and fortune . Her most famou s. d Which of tho people might have theso regrets? Which ono was 1I0t a persolla] choice? '. He was captain of the Argentinian tcam when they won their second Wo rld Cup in 1986. She was unable to find work in her chosen career as a jou rnalist.. has also been made into a film.'St. she has become the bestknown South American author. if appropriate. b ut when he came back the second time to play fo r the WashinglOll Wizards. Match each one with one of the people in the pictures. 2 I wish I hadn't gone back after I retired 3 I was very sorry to have to leave my co~ntry. of each of those people. as an author took off. with several novels to her name.. fD Mar adona He became Argentina's youngest ever international soccer player in 1977. e Allende Born in Chile.. 1 It was really stupid to got into that sluff..Regrets 1 Readi ng skills a Discuss these questions. Isabe l Allende had to leave her country . after accusations of drug abuse. 1 Can YOll identify the people ill the pictures? 2 What do you know about them? b Read the extracts quickly. and in 1982 h e became the world's most expensive soccer player when h e transferred to Barcelon a. House of the Spirits. Maybe he wasn 't good enough for the school tcam. Make a note of the nchlCvcments and failures. She went toVenezuela with her husband and children.

Incredible! No! George Yeah. George Oh.. Joe and I used to work in the same factory after we left school. George Really? Bill Really_We used to go to the same school George You're kidding! You used to go to the same school I? Bill Yeah. . Bill . and not to waste time trying to understand the passages in depth. This is delicious. ah. A n swers: 1 Achiev ements: greatest basketball player of al! time Failures: failed to get onto school basketball tearn. right .. captain of Argentina when they won the World Cup in 1986 Failures: drug abuse D iscuss Exercise ld with the whole class. You know irs always busy here. a hundred! George Incredible! Bill Y eah. George It's nat as big as some fast food chains.. Answers: Extract 1: Michael Jordan Extract 2: Isabel Allende Extract 3: Diego Maradona The other picture on page 20 is of Gabriel Garda Marquez In Exercise lc students should rea d the texts carefully for detaiL Ask students to make brief notes individually and then discuss their n otes in pairs . George Joe? Bin Joe Espinosa.. mine's not 100 good. but old Joe's doing okay. George Yeah. Bill Oh. _you won't believe this . yeah!? Bill Yeah .Objectives Grammar Topic: regrets Vocabulary regrets: I wish / If school a nd careers: only collocations Pronunciation Reading intonation short biography expressing interest extracts and surprise Ustening Speaking discussing personal regrets a conversation 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. 8 For Exerc ise 3 on page 21:"!11 Bill Mmm. well. students should quickly road the extracts and match them to the pictures . Bill Tao lole 10 change it now. amazing. Usten . most expensive soccer player. George Mm.. p ast his best wh en he came back tbe second time 2 A chievements: successful author Failures: had to leave Chile: couldn ' t find work as a journalist 3 Achievements: Argentina's yowlgest ever soccer player.. Fame and fortune T 20 Unit 2 . I've regret1ed it a thousand times. be his partner. Encourage them to foc us on completing the task. but don'. A hundred? Uh huh Yeah. 1 \~ For Exercise 4 on page 21:"!11 Reolly? You're kidding! Oh. If only I'd said yes . We were buddies. I wish I'd ordered a cheeseburger. Joe owns this place and all the other Lucky Joe reslauranls. yeoh. George No! And you turned him down? Bill Well. Bill Yeoh.. you know. he asked me to join him. Encourage lots of speculation. he's gal a chain of. give away any answers yet In Exercise l b. right. George What? Bill Well. about a hundred outlets all over the world! George A hundred? Bill Yep. and he'd saved enough money George Uh huh? Bill Enough money to open a little hamburger place and . yeah and then he went on to open a second hamburger ioint and Ihen a third . you know. and now he's . they must be making a 101 of money..

to encourage students to express surprise through intonation. I wish I wel:JkJ !ilre in a quieter area. Play the audio only once and compare answers with the whole class. pause after each word and ask the whole class to repeat. Students often try to convey the subjunctive with would + verb. 4 Pronunciation skills: expressing interest and surprise Quick pronunciation guide English has a very wide range of intonation. 6 Speaking skills Elicit one or two "regrets" from the class. 5 Vocabulary: school and careers Model the activity for Exercise 5c by asking three or four questions in open class. Ask students to read the regrets aloud to their group or to the class. Using your hand. If only I lived in the city. Ask for volunteers to report back to the class.' ''''e!:J/c/ have more money. Another problem is that the students' language may have no specific verb equivalent to wish but moy use a subjunctive form equivalenlto want / would like. Then d iscuss the answers as a class. Unlike mony other longuoges. However. Ask students to work in pairs to complete Exercise zb and to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. I wish I eFR taller. Common probktms and errors Students try to express regrets about the present with a present form. The oudioscripts tor Track 8 and Track 9 ore on page T20 '" Unit2 T 21 Fame and fortune . Let students check their sentences in Exercise 2d in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. Allow enough preparation time (for example. the fall and rise are much steeper when expressing surprise than when expressing interest. Concentrate on intonation. After students have listened again in Exercise 3b. English has no well-developed subjunctive form. Then elicit from students what they think the man might be saying: I wish [were younger / more handsome. any changes to some because the sentence changes from negative to positive.t ·· ~ 2 Grammar: regrets Use the picture and the questions in Exercise Za to establish the context: the man wants his situation to be different now. Quk\( grammar guide: I wish I wish/If only + simple past is used to talk about wonting things to be different about the present. ask students to concentrate on answering the questions. t 3 Listening skills Before playing the audio for Exercise 3a. Presentation alternative Ask students to imagine thai they ore 0 famous person. Then ask one or two indiv iduals to repeat. five to ten minutes) for them to feel confident when retelling. ask them to check in pairs. make a gesture that moves steeply down. Compare answers to Exercise 4a around the class. Itfonly I wish/If only + post perfect is used to express regrets about the past. Note that in 2. Answers: 2 I wish / 3 I wish / 4 I wish I 5 I wish I 6 I wish I If only I had some friends here. Have them write down three regrets lhatthey think that person might have. I would like !/:Je!. Have them write notes but not whole sentences. Elicit wish sentences in response to question 4. In Exercise 4b. If only I made enough money here. If only I had listened to my parents. Then allow students two minutes to tbink of ideas for the topics. Have the other students guess which famous person they are. so students need to exaggerate the way they express interest and surprise in order to sound "natural: The intonation pattern for both interest and surprise can be represented by a falling arrow then a rising arrow. Allow students to choose the story to expan d in Exercise 4c. which is usually not acceptable. If only I hadn't given up my job in the city. Encourage students to use the intonation patterns when responding. This can lead to errors. then up. Draw students' attention to the Language Note.

1 Stories YOIl saw a very strange animal when you were out for a walk in the woods yesterday. 4 [don't make enough money here. I wish + were is always correct. We can express regrets about the past with I wish and If . Which statements are regrets about or desires for Ihe present? Which are regrets about the past? 1 If only I looked better. fami ly. Really? Oh. d Make wishes about Ihese sentences. b The man expresses his regrets in different ways. 1 Where are the speakers? fast food restaurant 2 What are they doing? eating. Uh. [wish I had kept in touch with h er. 1 Is the man attractive now? No. college. It is more formal. 1 I moved to this lawn a year ago and [don't like it. she. Use th ese to pics : fr iends. we can use either was or were after [. talk about th ings you either regret in your life now or regret about your past.!!D. b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. usc expressions from Exercise 4a to show interest and surprise. 4 Can he change the situation? No. school 3 become partner 4 found/start company 5 open slore. mOlley 1 LANGUAGE NOTE When we use the simple past of be after I wish or If only. past 4 I wish I weren'l totally bald. school. ~ b Listen agai n and answer these questions. your parents won the lottery. II wish I were rich. present c Complete the rules. right .. and there: 1 wish 1 was rich. yeah. talking 3 What is their relationship'! friends 6 Speaking skills In pairs. slore. Then tell your partner. I graduated from high school when I was 18. 3 How does he feel about the situation'? Unhappy. A Did YOll leave school when you were 16? 8 No. No! lID lID III lID ~ b Listen again and repeat the phrases. school. company 8 accept / turn down job offer. present 2 r wish I hadn't lost my good looks. exams. I really miss my best friend from high school. huh. Answer these questions. money. past 3 If only I hadn't lost my beautiful hair. factory 6 work for company 7 work atlill factory. o 3 Listening skills a Listen 10 the conversation. 3 II was stupid to give up my job in the city. though some people think it is old-fashioned.. 5 Vocabulary : school and careers a Which of lhe nouns in the box can you put with each verb group'! college company factory job orrer money partner school store team leave / drop oul of I quit college. he. They were right. Answer the questions. 3 When you were young. c Choose one of the "stories" below and make notes on it. 4 You saw something very strange in the sky when you closed your curtains last night. learn 2 graduate from college. Use the sentences in Exercise 2b to help you. 2 [don't have any friends here.. 2 Grammar: regrets a Look althe picture above. We can express regrets about the present with I IDm and If only + the simple ~ tense. 5 I prefer living in the cily. Which ones express interest? Which express surprise? Write I or S in the boxes.o 4 Pronunciation skill s: expressing interest and surprise a Listen to these phrases from the conversation. Incredihle! III III III lID You're kidding! A hundred!? Yeah. 6 I didn't listen to my parents.ly. 2 You were invited to the Oscars and you met some famous movie stars. + the Ilast perfect tense. 2 Was he attractive fifty years ago? Yes.. 1 Who did Bill use to go to school with? Joe 2 Where did Bill and joe use to work? the same factory 3 What did joe do after he left the factory? opened a hamburger place 4 What does Bill wish? he had said yes when joe asked hjm to be his partner F ame and fortune Uni! 2 . c Which of these have you done in your life so far? Ask and answer in pairs. school. IlVish I hadn't moved to this toWll. When you listen to your partner's story. it. jobs.

practice some of the language yo u'll need . discuss the answers to the two questions below. What were yo ur besliworst categories? Do yo u need to improve your knowledge in any of them? If you had problems with A or B. In groups of four or five. Do thoy use similar language to you? Which phrases do thoy use to discuss and decide on an answer? Look at the audioscript on page 148 and underline all the expressions that will be useful in taking the quiz. 2 Prepare You are going to take a quiz in teams. look back over the last two units and review the vocabulary and grammar! 6 Noti ce Did you notice the question word thaI most questions began with? If not. ask your questions.000 each. LANGUAGE J have n o idea.000. how did you do? Did any group win the million? Take a look at yo ur scores. One student-7The whol ~ t~ a m 11 Now lake the quiz! Your teacher will read the questions out fo r you. can~an 't 2 You choose your joker after you have heard tho quostions. What is wrong in each of th ese statements? 1 You can win less than $1 . " ~ Listen to some people discussing these questions...000. ? It 's .. Which orlhase does llQ1 go with the word white? til meat hI broad c) tea ell egg What is the namo of the sea thaI separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? a) the Black Sea bl the Sea of Marmara c) the Meditorranean Soa dl the Caspian Sea 3 Compare USEFUl. or other phrases that you know for discussing choices. ask yOUl" teacher to read a few questions agai n. Include the answers. Who wins tho most bonus money? Unil2 Fome ond fortune .Lesson4 So you want to win a million? 1 Warm up Do you watch quizzes on TV? Do you enjoy them? Why? I Why not? What's your favorite TV (or radiol quiz? Why do you like it? . 4 Tas k a Road the aim and ru les of the quiz. Use the Useful Language phrases. Isn't it . When do we ll""lly lise this question word? 7 Foll o w up a In pairs. afi er-7befo r-e 3 One student decides on lhe answer for the group. b In groups of six or eight. So. write two bonus questions for each category. These bonus questions are worth $50. do we all 5 Feedback Well. but first.

laura? A Yes. divide the class into groups of six or eight. That way each student in each group has two question s to ask. ~ 4 Task Ask studen ts to check their answers to the questions in Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing them as a class. Encourage lots of talking. with a couple of min utes al the end of each category for them to decide on answers that they are unsure of.Objectives Grammar Topic: taking a quiz Reading instrudions Writing w riting questions for a quiz Ustening simple present.. So maybe frs the Block Sea? C No.. right? We can have black tea. Which of these does nol go with the word "white"? a . splitting the original pairs that prepared questions together. Allow only about 30 seconds for students to discuss their answers 10 each question. When students are ready. read the questions (on page T23). C Oh.meat. read the answers aloud and ask the groups to add up their scores. b -!he Sea of Marmara. I think you're right. nat white tea.. right? o Yes. so irs c. Briefly model the activity by pretending to speculate about the answer to the first question. 2 Prepare Divide students into groups and ask them to read the instructions. Laura. What do you think.. thars right. 0 Welt lers Iry to work it out. I have no idea.. 3 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 3 once and discuss the questions as a class . we definitely use white with egg .the Mediterranean Sea. this question.. that's right. And the Cospian Sea is in Russia. b . you're right. 5 Feedback Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. ~rs put that . but we Wi tea with milk. Then have students share their answers as a class. A Irs c. I don't think so. c -tea. We usually use this question word when deciding between alternatives.. I think. Insist that they speak in English ... simple past.and quietly so that other groups can't hear.bread.. B Well.. do we all agree thaI frs the Sea of Marmora? All Yes. Hisn'lthe Mediterranean. Then ask students to find and underline useful phrases in the audioscript on page 148 of the Student's Book.. using the phrases in the Useful Language box.. C Isn1 it meat? o No. tea. Answer: Most questions began with which. A So. thars difficuk.. Allow students two or three minutes to practice. At the end of each category. Remind them 10 double the score for the category for which they played their joker. Whafs the nex! question? A What is !he name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it a ...o and informally check some of the vocabulary and grammar practiced in the book so far. ! wentta the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. or d -the Caspian Sea? C Oh. build up a list of these phrases on the board. \10'' __. c . present progressive a quiz The aim of the quiz is to reviev. You may wanl to give your students a little advance notice 10 review their lessons before doing the quiz! 1 Warm up Set the scene and generate interest by asking the whole class these questions. Fame and fortune T 22 Unit 2 . B No. Chicken is white meat. I think you're wrong. 0 So .. With students.egg. 6 Notice Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. d .Ihe Bled:: Sea. 7 Follow up When students are ready..

6 Which ofthese is not a synonym o f quill a) drop out. c Section C 1 Who starred in the movie The Godfather Part 1'1 al Tom Cru ise. b) the Greeks. bl July 5 1 776. a. dl join Answers: a. b) ros~. 4 Which of these di d the French philosopher Descartes say? al I think. therefore 1 \Vas. c) the Romans. d.. d. 6 Which sentence is not correct? a) She used to have blond hair. hI Japan . d. b) Tom Hanks. c) green. 5 Margaret Thatcher was the leader of which Bri tish political party? a) Republican. h) respectable.S.. a. bl the USA cl the U. Answers: c.Quiz questions and answers Section A 1 Which of these does not describe wine? al pink.. b) Sbe bas black eyes. dl Bolivia Answers: c. bl You always borrow my phone. dl Labor 6 Where was Che Guevara born? al Argentina. b) white. b) stop. 3 Com plete the sentence: We didn't find it difficu lt to move to the moun/a ins because . therefore 1 0m. d) Marlon Brando 2 The presidential elections in the U. bl am more careful. c} leave. a Section D 1 Which of these colors is not in the flag of the U. b) Venezuela. dl will have lIlore friends. cl four years. h) Moscow. II. 4 Your friend asks to borrow your cell phone for the fifth time today. become independent? a) July 4 1789. d) do it J Which of these is incorrect? a) She has brown eyes. . b) three years. c) pure. therefore 1 am . cl we were used to being cold. d) Australia . therefore 1 be. c. dl She was blond.. dl I think.S. d) She has gray eyes. h. Its capital is . d Section B 1 Which is correct? If only 1 . dl You lIever borrow my phone. bl had had more friends. c.. c. 6 Which country's flag does not have red in it? a) Guatemala. a) have. c) She was used to having blond hair. d) Kiev. dlwe wore cold. d) the Aztecs 5 Latvia used to be part of the Soviet Union. c) had had m ore careful. a) you start it bl you close it. d) blue 2 What did Sri Lanka use to be called? al Burma. d) fivo years.? a) red. b. 3 Where did the actor Russell Crowe grow up? a) New Zea land. c) r a t! do borrow my phone. a) realist ic. c) Sbe has dark eyes. al we used to be cold.. more money... d) Ceyloll 3 When did the U. al have more friends. d) you work for it. a Unit 2 T 23 Fameond fortu ne . b. cl was more friends. bl we are cold. c) Bolivia. c) make it.. bl am having.. d) had been more careful. al Riga. K. c) Chile. c) July 4 1776. cl hod. You say: al You 're always borrowing my phone. d) July 6 1789 4 Which of these people used coins first? al the Lydians. bl Social Democrat. b) She hod blond hair. take place every . al year. c) Conservative. d) Cuba Answers: d . c. c) red.. 5 After an accident someone might say If oilly 1 . d) conservative. c) East Pakistan. dl will have 2 Someone who was lonely when they were in school might say I wish I .. c ) you discover it. d) white 2 Which oftbese can you not do with money? a) earn it. a.S. cl Minsk. d. h) I'm thinking. b) spend it. a) had m ore careful. d. 5 Someone who keeps to the moral and legal standards of society is . c) Johnny Depp.. 4 If you found a company. b) Rhodesia. c) 1 thought.

Politics and cutture.000) Section B score = _ _ _ (out of $250. At the end of each category. therefore I be. English 91'8 r. Circle the answer.000) a) You're always borrowing my phone.($40.($55. therefore I am . '-.this means that you can double the money you w in fo r that ~e category. Section D score = (out of $250. '789 b) July 5'".000.000) a) New Zealand b) the USA c) the U.000.000) a) have b) am having c) had d) will have 2 ($30.OOO) a} earn it b) spend C Politics and culture it c) make it d) do it d) She has gray eyes. b) She has black eyes.000) a) realistic b) respectable c) pure d) conservative a) drop out b) stop c) leave d) join '.000) a) we used to be cold b) we are cold c) we were used to being cold d) we were cold 4 ($40. c) She has dark eyes "' ($40.000) a) She used to have blond hair. you will hear the answers.000) a} She has brown eyes. Look at the categories and choose your joker. d) She was blond. d) Australia 4 ($40.000) a) Republican b) Social Democrat c) Conservative d) Labor 6 ($55. b) She had blond hair.000) 6 "-- ""ection A score = q English grammar (out of $250. or $55. 2 3 ( '1e aim of the quiz 15 to answer enough questions correctly to w in a f1i11lon dollarsl Each question has a prize of $30. we've made it a bit 'aSler. S40. therefore I was.($30 . d) You never borrow my phone.OOO.000) a) you start it b) you close it 'c) you discover it d) you work for it 5 ($5S.. c) four years .000) a) had more careful b) am more careful c) had had more careful d) had been more careful ($55. c} She was used to having blond hair.000) a) year.000) a) Argentina b} Venezuela c) Bolivia d) Cuba Section C score =___ (out of $250.000) a) the Lydians b} the Greeks c} the Romans d) the Aztecs 5 ($55. At the end of the quiz. b) three years .000) a) I think. d) I think. b} I'm thinking. Then you must agree on an answer in your team.000) a) have more friends b) had had more friends c) was more friends d) will have more friends ~ D Geography and history 1 ($30.000) a) July 4· . you lose everything! 4 5 6 Divide into teams of four or five.. If you don't reach '. 3 ($40. If you get all the Jestion ~ yOU will win $1.000. 1776 c) July 4 th . Geography and history) as your 'oker'" . at figure . c) You do borrow my phone.000) a) Riga b) Moscow c) Minsk d) Kiev 6 ($55.000) a) red b) white c) green d) blue 2 ($30.000) a) Burma b) Rhodesia c) East Pakistan d) Ceylon 3 ($40. d) five years. therefore I am. add up your total score to find if you have won a million! A English vocabulary "-.000) Fame and fortune . You will hear each question twice. b) You always borrow my phone. ($55.0001 But . Check your answers and add up your score (honestly!).000) 1 ($30. Vi choose ONE of the categories (English vocabulary.000) a) pink b) rose c) red d) white 2 ($ "--1 ($30.~(:) ~(:) (j WAJff T(:) WIN r ~ ~ I 11 C9 im Rules . But you must choose your category before you start t~:~~uiz. 1776 d) July 6th . Please note: the only prize is $1 . 1789 4 ($40.K . c} I thought. 5 ($55. ~ng to the Ie~ of diffi ~ulty.000) a) Guatemala b) Japan c) Chile d) Bolivia 3 ($40.000) a) Tom Cruise b) Tom Hanks c) Johnny Oepp d) Marlon Branda 2 ($30.

but he quit. -+ ." Subject + be used to used to -. then discuss them with your partner.. Habits we regret or desilJ about the present: I don't have a job. I wish I had (have) mora time! I'm so busy! 2 If only I hadn't argued (not argue) with my last boyfriendlgirtfriend. Of situations in the past that are not true or do nol happen now. 1 I used to \eave ( drop out of ( quit college ( school / a team graduate from college/school / ent shopping last Saturday. )( I watched 7V aD day yesterday. I did. -+ I wish we didn't live in a small apartment. We form short answers with did: Did you use to see her evety day? Yes./ + past perfect: If only I hadn't eaten so much." Regret about something in the present: If only / I wish + simple past: If only I knew the answer. use used to for a single action in the past or for the recent past: Fo. Question: Did you use to walk home. We use be + used to to say that we are or were accustomed to something. Vocabulary Summary 1 M o n ey Common verb-noun combinations concerning make I travel a lOt for my work so I'm used to spending time on planes. 2 We become a partner founctlstatt a company open a factory ( a store work for a company 4 I was used t used to the heat when I lived in Texas. - Fo. loo? Note the spelMng in the negative and question forms: use 10 3 I wish I h a d paid (pay) more attentiorl when I was at school. 1 Have you ever made a goodIbad investment? 2 When did you last spend a 101 of money? \>\'hat did you buy? 3 INhen did you last borrow money from a friend ( the bar*? 4 Have you ever won any money? How much? 5 How do you usually pay the check in a restaurant? I'm John wasn't Peler isn't We were 2 School and careers Choose the correct completion. 3 My dad sed to smoke was used to smokJng..ng verb + complement or noun goi1g to bed early. We didn't have a vacation last year. wish we had had a vacation last year. = something that I was accustomed to. (can) change my appearance. But note that we don'. We use used to + verb to tal<. fact I was used to getting up early when I was at school. to01 Negative: We didn 't We used to walk to school. X We visited the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New YQrl(. ~ I wish I had a job.. ! No. If 0f'IIy / I wish + simple past for things that U. it wasn't a problem. 00 you have these regrets. 4 If onty' I hadn't spent (not spend) SO much money last week! 5 I wish I could 2 be + used to + noun/-ing verb u. use to take the bus. I used to smoke. I wish I had more money. work aUin a college ( a company ( a factory ( a school ( a store accept ( turn down a job offer / money Unil2 Fame ond fortune . actions. -+ 1 wish I hadn't left school at 16. COld weather." Affirmative: Complete these common regrets with the simple past or the past perfect of the verbs in parentheses. about habits. We can often use the simple past in place of used to: We used to live by the ocean./ Fo. working hard. We Irve in a smaI apartment. If only / I wish I used to watch 7V aN day yesterday.. Be careful not to confuse the past form of this w ith used to + verb: I used to get up early when I was at school. money: money ( an investment earn money ( a (goodIbad) salary spend ( save money lend money (to someone) ( borrow money (from someone) waste money I win money ( lose money pay cash I by credit card ( the check I the fare ( for a ticket Answer these questions. I wish you had come to the party. . en'l used / / didn't use /0 getting up earty. = past habit. Actions Situations We used to live by the ocean. . Regret about something in the past: We used to visit the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New York. I didn't. / We lived by the ocean.. If 0f'IIy / I wish + past perfect for things we regret about the past: I left school at 16. The children used to go swimming fM3rY day.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 used to + verb 3 Regret s (I wish I lf only) u.. children.

r Anyway. ~ . Vllhat do you think would be difficult about writing them in English? ~<J REVIEW Review your actio n plan from Unit 1: using your dictionary In pairs. Oh. I wasn't used to the culture or speaking German all day . h Write back and let me know about the summer. 1 subject of the e-mail a 2 close the e·mail and say goodbye i 3 give information about the writer e Thanks for your e-mail.exhausting. use an English spell checker if you can! PLAN I> Your action plan: making key pals It is possib~ to make friends on the Internet by sending e-mails to one Of two people on a regular basis. e-mails in a business environment may be much more formaL And you still need to read over your e-mail before you send it.rom' ~ TO: ~~ b C you know? Informal : colloquial language (Hi I a big hug / etc. 1 Is this a formal or informal e-mail? How do o -' L. slill imp ly th a l lhey h. An. and met a really nice guy here too! :-} e 7 give a reason for closing the e-mail g 8 say heHo b 9 ask for inforrnaHon from the reader d c Would the order of ideas be the same in your language? Discuss in pairs.J > L. These people are called "key pals".San Francisco first week in August. Fame and fortune Un1l2 .) . ogain/ .J. Even though an e-mail is often a more informal way of communication than writing a letter. By using the Internet you can make friends from allover the world. Imagine you are Annie or Paul and write a reply to the e-mail from Terry above.z - C!) Informal e-mails 1 Using e-mail Have you ever had to read or send e-mails in English? Tell your partner about it. g 3 Replying to an e-mail a How is writing an e-mail different from writing a standard letter? Make notes... . d.. I'm thinking of coming to the States this summer . :::J 2 Organizing an e-mail a Read the e-mail and answer the questions. Terry c Put your knowledge of writing infonnal e-mails to the test. E-mails often don't use complete sentences. b Ideas in e-mails are usually organized in some order. Some great people in my office and I've made a couple of good friends through the gym where I work out. . okay? Take care and say hi to Paul.J o Cl.aven't seen each other for a while a sutpl Wx £u1 a Ie&.. ~ luerenl surnames so /p. Lots of work to do so gotta go. informal greeting. first names.. Match these descriptions with the letters in the text. Friends: first names. wasn't). or sometimes no greeting. :.. I Hi Annie. ~ has I b Compare your ideas with the advice on the right about writing informal e-mails. talk about your action plan from page :: ~ Di: t: 15 and say what you have done about it. There's usually a short. Remember to match your style to [he writer's style. but that slowly got better.) 2 What is the relationship between the w rrter and the reader'? Find informaHon in the a-mail to justify your answer. Glad to hear your degree is gOing well. Finally. Can you help improve you r partner's message? Informal e-mails are very different in structure from more formal letters.. find out about different cultures and practice your English at the same time! Find out about how to make key pals by usjng a search engine and entering the words key pais + EFL. Words are sometimes abbreviated or emoticons (symbols) are used. Be careful to avoid misunderstandings by using enough words to make your meaning clear. Note: You will need to discuss what you have found with a classmate at the end of Unit 3. Really good to hear from you again. d So when will you fin ish? And how about Pau l? Is he still working at that department store? 4 dlange the subject to another topic f 5 ask the reader to respond J do something h 6 thank the reader c life in Germany is a lot of fun now but things weren't so easy at first.. Wi ll you guys be there? Can I come to stay with you for a couple of days? Would be great to see you again . Does it tell you anything you didn't mention? A big hug. abbreviations (Glad to . compare your e-mails. If you've never sent any e-mailsin English.- _nl.J.oba bly not related. Be sure to reply to all the infonnation and questions she asks. d In pairs.

3 Cell phoncs and the family Cellphones have made communication easier and have reduced the need for family arguments! We can use cellphones to let our family know we'll be late or if there's a sudden change of plan or an emergency.when you're traveling. instant access to the Internet and receiving and send in g photos. They are used in every area of ou r lives and have become a necessary tool. cel/phones have been around for over a quarter of a century. they still don't know where their child ren are. They have made it possible to keep in touch with people "on the move" . text messaging. discuss these questions. 2 Cell phones in everyday life Cellphones have become ve ry co mmon in ou r lives: recent statistics suggest as many as one in three people on the planet now have a cellphone. Answer the (!uestions. h Read th is Internet articl e on cell phones. but cel/phones have changed a lot since thot time. Wri le in the correct paragraph headings. However. answering services and hands-free use for years. except for those times when the kids call because they want a ride home from a late night party! 4 Problems with celillhones This does not mean that cellphones are all good news. (Be careful : there is one heading too many. someth in g that is becoming a freq uent occu rrence. Cell phones have eased the worries of millions of parents when their teenagers are out late: they can now contact their children at any time. and have you ever seen such huge phone bills? More serious. but not mentally: with the help of call forwarding the employee is always at the end of the "phone line". is the potential health problem they bring: there are fears that radiation from t he phones may cause brain tumors. Add /l il y other ideas you had in Exercise l a. Th ey have made it easier to call for help on the highway or warn a colleague that you'll be late. Th is may be a time bomb waiting to happen to you nger people who have grown up with cellphones that they simply can't live without! GLOSSARY palm the ins ide of the hand a lime bomb something lhat is likely to have a sudden and bad effect in the future ___ Unit3 RU connected? . Ameritech set up the first system in 1983. The first commercial ceHphone system was developed by the Japanese in 1979. social contact and for business . such as streaming video. but now the re are countless new facilities. however.1 Reading skills a Look althe pictures of phones. 1 How did the invention of the telephone change our lives? 2 How have cell phones changed O Uf lives? Muke a list of their ad vantages and di sadvantages. call forwarding. they also mean you can escape the workplace physically. too: we have had caller ID. w ould you like to have one? Why? I Why not? 2 Can you imagine li fe wit hout cell phones? How wo uld it bo d ifferen t? cellphones the facts 1 The histo ry of the cellphonc Believe it or not. 1 If yo u have a cell phon e. They have brought with them a number of new headaches for t heir owners: it costs a lot to replace stolen phones. The early cellphones were big and heavy but they have developed into small and light palm-sized models. Of course. In the United States. There have been huge developments in their functions. Advantages 1 in everyday lifo 2 in the work place 3 for the family 4 other Disadvantages _ they are noisy can call for help on the highway - Cell phones and the family Probloms with cell ph ones Co llphonos at work Cc llphones in everyday life The history of the ce ll phone d In grou ps. and most of them say they couldn't live without one. They have made everyday life easier but noisier.) c Complete tho table with ideas fro m the article. used for essential arrangements. why do yo u need it? If you do n 't have a cell phone.

.. brain.. Ask students to read tho text quickly and match the headings in Exercise lb... ills.. Only two slates have banned the use of cellphones while driving . the CD player on the board and see if students can predict what the topic of this lesson will be.iewer And what is the situation hC!'e in Ihe Stales? Wilson Not much has happened here. Ask students whot thaI means lanother way 10 write il: Are you connected?1 and what it might mean. the foct is thot the number of accidents fNery year has increased enormously since we started using ceflphones about 25 years ago. in the lost few years. but we are way behind many othC!' countries. tho employee is always at the end of the phone line Can warn a colleague that you'll he late Fewer family arguments Can let our family know when wo'll be late Parents can contact children at any time family 4 Other Costs a lot to replace stolen phones Huge phone bills Radiation may cause brain tumors Divide the class into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l d . our figures estimate that irs around 85% -that me::lns of course that about 85% of cellphooe 0NnerS use their phaoes at some painl while they're driving. Set a time limit of five minutes. JVSl now dangerous are celtphones? Wilson Well.and there is some discussion 01 nationcllfNeI. The United Kingdom was one of the most recent. phone . teo iIieww In the studio is Mike Wilson. time. write the Internet. Wilson.---------. lief .-. the eel/phone. Thon olicit answers from the class and build up a list of advantages and disadvantages on the board. '-- Disadvantages With call forwarding. so why not introduce laws on talking on the phone and driving? In fact. a lederal police spokesperson. Hove a brief class discussion.ieYter Do you feel we now hove enough evidence 10 make laws banning the use of a cell phone while driving? Wilson I think we do_ We've got very stricllows on drinking and driving. Afterwards. Answers will vary. For Exercise 3 page 27 ~ I. If no answers are forthcoming. A: cell... and the punishments can be very strict.. since and for question intonation Reading an Inlernet article Ustening an interview Speaking discussing use of cellphones Write on lhe board: the Internet.New York and New Jersey .. The evidence suggests that you ore four times more likely to have a crash when using your cell phone while driving .-------. but there are around 50 countries n<:JW that hove decided 10 make it ~legal 1 use your 0 cellphone <Mlile driving. In Poland.Interviewer The chances of on occident are four times greatC!' . but ot:MousIy some drivers use their phones a lot.Objectives Grammar Topic: cell phones Pronuncicmon present perfect simple..-. message. InfeI . many countries hove banned Ihe use of ceHphones while driving. Which invention does the class think is the most important? As on alternative. Ask students in pairs or grOlips 10 decide which they think is lhe most important invention and why. the CD player. Introduce !he topk 1 Reading ski lls Put studellts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 18 brieny. the cellphone. RU connected? T 26 Unit 3 . leaving plenty of room to add ideas from the text and from the list the class made in tho preceding discussions..-.'-. really. refer students to the Glossary. . there ore fines of up 10 a thousond dollars and even imprisonment hlief . we understand thol there is now deor evidence !hot the use of cellphooes by drivers increases the risk of traffIC accidents. text.... Answer'S Advantages 2 In tho workplace 3 For the . IntQrviewer How many drivers do you think aduolty use !heir cellphones while driving? Wilson WeD. tumor. write the title RU connecled?on the boord.iewer And do these countries enforce the laws? Wilson Oh yes. Mr.thers horrifying! Wilson Yes. for example. This text contains a number of compound nouns. Ask students to copy the table in Exe rcise lc on to a separate pi ece of paper. line. Write the following two lists on the board and ask students to match a word from A to a word from B 10 make a compound noun.-... Hove them find the compounds in the text and check the meaning of the words... and there are likely 1 0 be a lot more. phone Vocabulary _n B: bomb.

Ask students 10 choose the correct answer in Exercise 2c and then check in pairs before going through Ihe answers as a class. Ask Do YO ll think lIsing cel/phones while driving is dangerous? Why? Do yOll tl!ink it should be JxmllCcI? Have students discuss this briel1y with a partner. since and for I-Iavo students work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise Za about the example sentences in the taxt. We use the present perfect tense to totk about aclioos or stales thol began in the past and ore continuing now. [n Exercise 4c. How long ~ hove you lived in Rio? Another common error is using the present perfed for a finished even! in the recen t post with a lime marker.. Answers will vary. Tell Sludent A in each group he/she is the group [eoder. Ask students to listen for intonation patterns and trace the intonation arrows with their fingers as they hear the questions.t ·· ~ Quick grammar 2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect."lck to the class. Ask students to ngure out the rules for question intonation in English and com plete the sentences toget her. ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3a .. and then ask a few volunteers to report b. Pause the recording allor each question and ask Ule whole class to repeat. If needed. We also use it 10 discuss experiences in our lives and recently completed actions. Sludent B is the secretary. 4 Pronunciation skills: question intonation Play the audio for Exercise 4a . The oudioscript for Track 11 is on page T26 ~ 1 Do you hove 0 cellphone? 2 How long have you hod your cellphone? 3 Do you ever send lext messages? 4 Who do you normally text? Jnit 3 T 27 RU connected? . I've lived in Rio &~fe f9( three years. Encourage the class to mimic yom hand gestures. Write these on the board. He/she has to join in. . modeling the inlonation patterns carefully. I #. ~- 5 Speaking skills Divide tho class into grou ps of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise 5. - Students make errors with time markers cnd questions. Now play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and chock their answers. but olso listen and toke notes. As students ropeal. move your hand in an upward arc or downward arc to illustrate the in tonation patt ern studen ts should be trying 10 produco. Each group leader has to ask the questions ond prompt other students to express their opinion. guide. ask st udents to work in pairs 10 mark the correct intonation. Allow five minutes for discussion. Ask sl ud cnts 10 work in pairs 10 malch/orand sillce 10 the time ex pressions in Exerdse 2b. and afterwards ask for a show of hands to sec how many students in class sa id yes to each question.- periect Common probktms and errors Mony languages use the simple present 10 refer to a situation thol slarled 01 a given point in the pas! and slill continues.. Do the I1rsl Iwo as a class as examples to get students shuted.e in Rio since 1985. go over the answers with the class. Next.<e qRisCtefi /unch ten minutes ago. Allerwards. Go around moni1oring and prompting students. . where English uses the present perfect This frequently causes errors.j to menage the activity above. Then ask two or three individuals to repeat. 3 Listening skills Prepare for the listening exercise by asking the class whal they th ink of using cell phones while driving. is to assign "speaking roles: DMde the closs into groups 01 lour. Play the audio again for Exercise 4b. I·hlvo students work in groups offour to practice the questions in Exerc ise 4d. and similar activities. / RS'. [t is their job to report whotthe group soid to the class at the end of the activity. A good Wa. play the audio a second lime. tracing tho intonation patterns they hear.

The cellphone revolution(fegai'D/ llas begun in tho 1970s. 50. b Who did you send ii1'o'? 2 a Have you paid a cell phone bill recently? 3 a Have you ever felt irritated by-~-cell phones? b How much did you pay? - .iP'. Is " ta lk and drive" a danger in your country? Has your government introduccd laws about it? If not.-.used cell phones for ~ ~ -w since the late 1970s.. .(fave ) ~ exi ed or since 1963. Before you listen. 1 What tense is the verb in each sentence? jJresent perfect 2 Is the action or situation in each sentence fin ished? no 3 Which sentence focuse s on a sit uation up 10 now? cellphones have been a ro und .000 4 drivers in Poland can r~cedtv~ ~ h .. 5 Phone ave aever ha never hCld so many feat ufCs as ey 0 a ay.' U hone.. 1 Do you have a cellphone? 2 How long have you had your cell phone? 3 Do you ever send text messages? 4 -. 4 Choose the correct words: We use fo r With€·o. 6 Peopl4 a ve IIse?J IIsed cellphone® since about 25 years now. . Listen to the questions and repeat them.. Who do you normally text? - ---. about the dangers of talking on a cell phone while driving.. In wh-queslions the voice usually goes down. fine of up to 1.. discuss these questions.. 1. _ 2 T (l apanes~-ve-u . . ever had an accident while talking on a cell phone? 3 Do you think the government should also ban the use of cell phones in public places? \Ii' Taiiz and D rive: the facts Resear ch shoWS tha t : . or has anyone you know. In groups.. b Listen to the interview with Mr.. ask and answer the q uestions in Exercise 4c.. b When did th is happen? 4 ~ .----- . 85. h banned using a ceU one p 50 countries ave 3 aroun d ----while driving. a police representative. since and for 4 Pronunciation skills: quest ion intonation a Look at the parts in italic of the first two sentences in the article.. g whIle n vtng.2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. How many peop le in the class said yes to each "a" question? 5 Speaking skills 1 3 Listening skills a You are going to listen to an interview with Mike Wilson.. 4 times greater if . ban against the use 0 ce 5 ~erells a 2 state(s) in the U. onlO f llphones while driving . t h east ten mlllUles t IS mornmg I S . the British have banned /~he use of cell phones while driving. In yesi llo questions the voice usually goes .. 4.... Answer the questions.. dollars for p .' . or since if necessary.... 1 11 Have you sent a lext message today? .. Complete the rules about question intonation bolow.. 3 In 2003 . and for 1 .. e use since with a period of time I~ ~ b tile past. the driver IS usmg a ce p their cellphone while 2 the number of drivers who use .. --~=~a Is you r cellphone on now? b Why? I Why not? --.. h dn Vlng IS . 85 percent. tn on y _ RU connected? Unil3 . read the fac t sheet below and try to fill in the blanks with these fi gufCs: 2.-i "' dco 7. c b Do we use since or for with these time expressions? S F S F Thanksgiving two years last night 25 years F .. Mark the correct intonation on these examples . commercia l ce llphone. S ..000.!!IL..~ a poiat in the past. Wi lson and check your answers. h· S . S my last bIrthday 1995 c Choose the simple past or present perfect. 4 ~:S . shou ld the government ban it? 2 Do you talk on the phone whi le you drive? Have you.E'a Listen to the intonation in theso questions. d In groups.. k of having an aCCident IS _ 1 the n s .

Is your answer still the same afterwards? b Ask your partner his or her answers to the qlliz..to check my e-mail or to do . 3 Where do you do most of your shopping? a) In stores. '- Unit3 RU connected? . 7 How do you feel if you haven't checked yo' e-mail or been in a chat room one day? '---"" a) Not good . information. c) in real life but I've lost touch with a lot of friends since I started surfing the Net.. Many people are spending longer amounts of time online. t hardly spend any time on the c) I only log on when I need the Internet for Intemet. but we still haven't met face-toface. b) Yes... I could be missing something. If I need to find some a) in real life.. I've never spoken to a stranger online. c) No. won'b) Regularly! I usually spend at least two hours a day surfing. and social lives. 1 Have you ever surfed for more than three hours online? When? Why? 2 Has your computer ever gotten a virus from the Internet? When? What happened? 3 Have you ever taken part in a chat room? Who did you "chat" wi th? What abo ut? 4 Have you ever downloaded files from the Internet? What kind of files? 5 Have you ever sent an attachment? What did it contain? Do you receive a lot of attachments? What are they about? b Who is the most "connected" in the group? 1 Vocabulary: the Internet Match the words and phrases with lhe correct definitions.some research. you? a) I've never been online. In fact. c) I go online most da~..Netizens Speaking skills a In groups. often anyway.it's simply not safe! bJ I haven't been in a real store in over a year. c) I've never tried e-shopping but I think it's a good idea . It's too dangerous. studies... I can always go online tomorrow. b) I spend more and more time online andY don't see my friends very often. T 4 Have you ever met anyone over the Internet? a) Yes. of course. I have an Internet phobia. but it doesn 't affect my life. Do you agree? 6 7 8 9 10 Internet addict or Internet phobe?... discuss these questions.. online " " ~ a spend time online looking through Web sites surf ~ b connected to the Internet a virus c a computer file sent with an e-mail message a chat room d information that you store under a particular name log onloff e move information from the Internet to a computer crash f disconnected from the Internet offline g start/finish using a computer system downloa h when a computer or program stops working suddenly a file a Web site people lise for exchanging messages an attachment a program that enters your computer and damages or destroys information 1 2 3 4 5 3 Reading skills a Do new developments in information technology affect your life? Which of these phrases best describes you? I'm an Internet addict.. I don't have access to the Intemet. Who is more addicted to the Internet. I'd never buy anything over the Net . a) Never.. 6 Which of these descriptions is closest to . I realize an hour has passed and I am late for wo~ again. I use the Internet. work out your partner's score and read the analysis. but for practical purposes . I don't use the Intemet th. c) Only occasionally. c) No problem. I've started dating one of them.... 2 I have more friends . Are you addicted to the Internet? 1 Which of these is closest to your morning routine? a) I always log on at home.. you or your partner? Look at page 149. I even buy my groceries online.. 5 How often have you spent three hours or b) I get to work early so I can have some more on the Net? time alone to surf the Net and chat. hours looking online. Now take the quiz... So how about you? 00 you have your Internet use under control? Take this quiz and find out. lots of people. I might spend a couple of b) online. note them down and discuss Ulem.--. b) Okay. The Internet is rapidly replacing TV as the most popular form of home entertainment... and in some cases this has had a negative effect on their work.

poraphrase the question yourself in terms students will more likely understand . ask a student 10 explain the question or. . using examples you think students would understand. with. think about thoir answers. write new vocabulary on t ho board. Then ask them to d iscuss the questions in groups of four to six. Examples: He was a drug addiel who bought his narcotics on the slreel. Introduce !he topk 1 Vocabu lary: th e Internet Ask students to work in pairs to match the words and defini tions. if they connot. Teillhe groups thallhey hove one minute 1 write down all the words connected with this topic they (on thinl: of. If the questions in exercise 2a seem difficult for learners. Circulate among students. lose touch with (friendsl '" not see. There are a few words and phrases in the text thot you may wish to check. Ask stu dents to take the quiz indi vidually. ask volunteers from each group 10 come up and simulloneously write their lisls on the boordl. hove a volunteer read aloud the questions to the whole claSS. students which phrase/s) describe them. chocking for difficulties in understanding the tex t. Write the following phrases on the board: I'm addicted _ I'm obsessed _ using Ihe Inlernel I'm not inleresled_ I'm worried _ Ask students to tell you what the miSSing prepositions are Ithe answers in order: 10. Afterwards.Vocabulary lead-in 3 Readi ng ski lis Elicit the meaning of addictlsomeane who con't stop doing on activity) and phobia Iteatl.not on the phone or tnternet VocabukJry - Have students do the tasks in Exercise 3b . hove students WOI'k in small groups to discuss their answers to rhe questions. After ooe minute ask 0 each group how mony words they thought of.Objectives Vocabulary the Inlernet Topic: the Internet Reading Writing writing a magazine quiz ·char Write Computers and the In/ernet on the board. She has claustrophobia and does nol en. If needed. see (someone) directly I in the Hesh . Then ask Ask students to tal k to a parlner and find out their answers to lhe questions in Exercise 3a . crowded room. and write notes. Divide the closs into groups of lour. or write to friends any longer dote (someane) '" arrange to meet someone that you are aHracted to meet (someone) face-to-face". working with the same partner as before. At this point. After each question is read aloud. You may also want to review the pronunciation of each of these words wi th students. 2 Speaking skills Give students a few minutos to read the questions in Exercise 2a . quickl y Rsk for a show of hands from the class to see how many chose each phrase. having thom repeat after you.oy being in a small. oboun. RU connected? T 28 Unit3 . in. Elicil their answers and write their list of words Ofllhe board lor if you prefer. Write these definitions on the board if students are having trouble understanding the text that uses them. speak to.

monitoring and h elping with idoas.:ercise 4b. what ore handles? What are the handles of the two people chatting? What are they clwtting about? Ask students 10 rewrite the chat in stondard English. Move aro und the room. invite your partner /0 0 party ask for help with homework ask about your partners weekend plans talk about football ask about your porlner's family ask about a topic of your choice Have each pair perform one of the above tasks when chaning. Remind students to chock the Glossary fo r unfamil iar terms. Ask students if they can give you examples or lhe kind of abbreviations and language they use in their own language when texting or chatting online . You could provide some 'framework' for the choning by giving each pair a lask to perform. -.Itemotive Additional acIIYIIy Hold a closs discussion on Internet safety. address) with a stranger online? Why? Why nat? Unit 3 T 29 RU connected? . Then ask students in pairs to match the techniques and examples in fu. Ask Whot are some potential dangers of on online chot? Is it a good idea to share personal informah'on (name. Before asking students to read the chat in Exercise 4c in pairs. set the scene by asking a few questions: In an online chat. telephone number. Ask students to work in pairs and foll ow the instructions in Exercises 4d and 4e. Write the following list either on the board or on individual cords Ihat you con hand out to pairs at random.4 Writing skills Ask students to work with a different partner to discuss the questions in Exercise 4a. Answers will vary.

GLOSSARY From: To: Angel with a halo says: how r u Dancing and singing sa ys: im good u Angel with a halo says: good 2 what u been up 2 Dancing and singing says: not much .studying Angel with a halo soys: what 4 Dancing a nd singing says: exam in 2 weeks Angel with a halo says : :( Dancing and singing says: oh yeah! Btw u going 2 j's party fri Angel with a halo says: no gotta study :-< Doncing and singing says::( u looking forward 2 weekend? Angel with a ha lo says: sure what u doing? Doncing ond singing says: football gome sal. 101 = laughing out loud ru ok= Are you ok? 2day = today cld = could._ 3 abbreviations 4 'bil C U ellips is (leaving out unnecessary words) ~ gonna buy a c diane can you come saturday d :-) (a smile) e have to go . 4 Pass the paper to your partner.-0'" Dh . 2 Choose your "handle". no! (0_0) = shocked :* = a kiss . 1 What do you know about chatting online? 2 Do you have any "online" friends? Have you ever wrillen to a stranger onli ne who has become a friend? b Chatters normally have n icknames. 1nol much punctuation g~ 2 informallangU~~' :~===~. Follow these steps. Use the glossary to help you and remember to use abbreviations and ellipsis.talk later f cool ! wicked! lSr 5 slang 6 emoticons -.::~2 :::::::=:--. Match the techniques on the left with the exam p les of chat. shd = should Ie = I see I I understand btw "" By the way n U :: And you? bfn = Bye for nolV ttyl = Talk to you later '-- d You arc going to "chat" with your partner. Can they understand your conversation? RU conne<:ted? Unit 3 .. 5 Write your handle and the next comment on the piece of paper you now have and pass it back to your partner. which they call ·'handles". and chatters use d ifferent techniques to talk online.-) = a wink :-< = sad Abbrevi ations cu lar : See you later. (See Exercise 4b. Chat is like a mixture of speaki ng and writing. 1 Find a piece of blank paper. answer these ques tions. e Look at your cha\. or really thinking :-):: a smite . annoyed.'V 4 Writing skills VVV V a in pairs.:-:============~~~:::::::::::.) 3 Write your handle and your fi rst comment.. then probably sleep in afternoon Angel with a halo says: 101 Dancing and singing says: n u Angel with a halo says: shopping! Dancing and singing says: (0_0) u shd be studying Angel with 0 halo soys: yeah 101 gotto go ttyl Dancing and singing says: yep bfn :) Angel with a halo says : cu 18r bye :* Emoticons :_0 = scared :( :: worried.::::= c Read this chat between two friends . Change anythi ng that you wanl to and then pass the paper to another pair. Can you understand it? (Usc the glossary to help you if necessary.) Try reading the dialogue aloud with a partner. 6 Continue chatting untit you decide to stop .

Liz Barry and Bill Wetzel have just settled into 5 two chairs against a wall. 2 .col/Phones. J v: . Ons. hurried hectic busy fu ll f d ' 0 actIVity ozens a la~e number ( one dozen . Liz and Bill. They still h aven't decided what to d o n ext. p eople do. is a good 30 time to Stop. A middleaged man gives his 15 views on politics. Choose Uw best talk lo? au have m OIi C . for the n ext two hours. but it's unlikely to be something as original as their "Talk to me" project! GLOSSARY frant ic busy. Y leve it is tome "Taking a little time to talk to someone you've never met can change you Jorever.0 s s workill g On the B. She hasn't gotten over it yet and sh e wants to talk.perhaps the most frantic time of day at the most hectic place in the busiest dry in the country." Barry and Wetzel came to New York only a year ago. have discovered mat talking is highly therapeutic for New Yorkers. Amazingly. "TALK TO ME.It is evening rush hour in the Times Square su bway station . after a year. in their 20s. 0 do yo u talk lo? OUr SCi ence BIl'S. Before them is a sign that reads. Barry and Wetzel figure that now.12) > > RU connected? . use the be. . . on Ihe street bOJ"o ~ people to talk to th ~LO. Dozens 10 of them. 20 in large white letters.I/ and Liz talk I try 10 help them s~l~eobl~ all tlie streets and J BilJ and Liz e t Cu problems en courage . d 2 Reading skills a Road the artic/e Summary.Liz Barry NEWYORK (AP) .Talk 1 Speaking skills a lnp' iscuss these si'uati 1 You 've just broken II . but they have already h eard m ou sands of stories like these.c 1 BilJ and Liz arc strc psycholnoi I . Two 17year-Qld girls talk about their science class. Who d o YOn b In OUr soc' lalk Jely we have a 101 of 0 peo I on . Y problems. set up their sign and listened." Liz Barry says. Who do yo u taU: to? class Wh 8 problems with y . They have walked the streets and avenues.". near tears. " Taking a little rime 25 o ut from a busy schedule to talk to someone you've never met can change your wh ole outlook forever. in chal Pportunilics 10 to do you think tha t la':ket~~I~I~o~~lain Ihal 'hC~::IO~~~~ ~~I y Jsa 10 talk 1o Ihompisls. qUIckly. ~~. els of New Y ork. has recently broken up with her parm er. boYfriend/girlfriend P wah your 2 You are havin .> em th erapeulic. A young woman with purple hair.

eep doing this. Remind students to check the Glossary fo r any unfamiliar vocabulary. she's been to see us three times already. "' could stand here and loll:. Suggested list: starling a conversation with strangers 01 a party or in a club. they might tell us to move on. Introduce the topic Ask Is it easy for you fa talk to strangers? Why? Why nof? •• 1 Speaking skills Ask students to discuss the situation s and questions in Exercises 1a and lb in pairs. buying something in a store. Answers will vary. skill? Uz Yeah.asking for directions. How have you been able to do this financially? Bill Well. but we have been insulted by drunks. RU connected? T 30 Unil3 . Uz And we've mode a lot of friends. we've learned a lot about the way people work. Interviewer So what have you learned from Talk to Me? Bill Well. Interviewer Yeah. Ask students.y. Infefviewer So you think listening is on important . settle into. they way they've grown up and settled down. they say. sure. Ihe oclor. anyway. 2 Reading skills Ask students to read the article and choose the best summary. Bill. though that's all gone now. start to feel happy again set up = put in position Vocabulary 13~------------------------------------------------------. so we manage. Yeah.. Interviewer One final question. our shaes have even been stolenl Interviewer Really? Uz Yeah.. asking for help on the street . I simply ask them "how's your day?" tnterviewer And how do they react? Bill Well.: get comfortable in (a chair) break up = end 0 relationship get over". People don't understand us at first. thors right. But there's a very nice lady we know who gives us a little money to I:. Bill Yeah. We hod same money to start with. Answer: Summary 3 The text contains a few phrasal verbs that you may wish to check. build up a IIsl of their answers.. of course Uz Some people find It very difficult to listen. to each other and to 0 listen. the way they date. Bill rye just spoken to a guy about how difficull it is to find work in New York. We've tried 1 explain. uh . She's become an old friend. Afler 45 minutes he said. In whol situations do we tolk 10 people we don't knoW? On the boord. dealing with customers 01 work. but we haven't had any serious problems .Objectives Grammar Topic: falking fa people Vocabulary verbs of talking Reading a newspaper article Ustening a discussion Speaking discussing problems adverbs used with the present perfect Write on the board folking to strangers. "rm just being friendly"" and then we talk. really. they think we're cops or researchers or weirdos or something . we've already had a little hassle from the cops. we're very lucl:. but some people still hoven" learned to just toll:. Bill No. you remember Estela. For Exercise 4 on page 31 ~ tnterviewer So. "What are you doingr and I say.not yet. that's right. all day: Interviewer Have you ever had any hassle from the police? Uz Yeah. how do you get people to talk? Bill Well.

Concentrate on the differences in form between the two words. I ~ hove finished. Play the audio a second time for Exercise 4c. ~I have finished. is subtle: Yet is "positive" . Elicit feedback from the class to make sure students understand all the words. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. pretending to be two people arguing gossip = pretend to whisper in someone's ear. Set up Exer cise 3d by modeling two or three sentences about yourself. help students find and underline the adverbs. Before asking students to do Exercise 2c in pairs. Then point out that it is a pronoun that refers to the words Liz Bany Qlld Bill Wetzel in the previous line and that it is used because the writer does not want to repeat the people's names. Ask students to liston and compare their predicted answers to the actual answers. what their partner communicated. do the first as an example: Ask students to find them in line 5. 4 Lead in Listening skills Set the scene by reminding students oboulliz and Bill. as in these examples: I have already done il. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise z d in small groups. or say in their own words. OR I have done if already. The difference in use. and then look astounded Ask students to do Exercise sb in pairs. Typically. Checking meaning As an alternative to translation. Point to the pictures on page 30 and ask Wha! are they doing? Why? Put students in pairs. already) Which adverb can go between have and the past participle or at the end ofthe sentence? (recently) Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3b. The oudioscript for Track 13 is on poge T30 Pi. Then ask the groups to discuss the questions. the adverb may be ploced between have and the main verb or at the end of the sentence. Encourage the listeners to keep quiet while their partners speak. Then ask students to write their own sentences and read them aloud to a new partner. Briefly go over the answers with the whole class.Let students decide on their answers to the questions in Exercise 2b in pairs before discussing them as a class. Encourage the listeners to paraphrase. and focus on understanding and rememhering what the speaker said. 5 Vocabulary: talk Ask students to try to explain the words in italics in Exerc ise Sa to each other first. Ask students to check the things that have happened to Liz and Bill.it means "This should have happened by now: Common problems and enors Students put the adverbs in the wrong position in the sentence. Unit 3 T 31 RU connected? . 3 Grammar: adverbs used with the present perfect For Exercise 3a . II's more fun! For example: complain = briefly oct out person complaining in Q store argument = move to and fro. Answers will vary. Ask the question in Exercise 4d to the whole class and elicit answers briefly. try miming the words ond having studenls guess. This is not intended to be a conversation between the two partners but rather Speaker A and Listener B. Quick grammar guide: adverbs The key point is where the adverb goes in the sentence. in the present perfect. with the present perfect The two English words still and yet present a prablem as they are often expressed by only one word in other languages. Go around the class and help. and then ask them 10 read the questions in Exercise 4a and predict the answers. honds on hips. and then ask them these check questions to make sure they are clear about the form rules: Which word goes at the end of interrogative and negative sentences? (yet) Which adverb is only used in negative sentences? (still) Which adverbs go between have and the past participle? (just.it means "' expect this 1 happen in the fu ture: 0 Still is "negative" . Answers will vary.

non-s top city 80 people nonna lly have no time to ta lk. just b The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. Find these words in the article. Student B talks for one minute. why don'. 5 How have you boon able to do Ihis fina ncially? 5 Do you think that Liz and Bill have gotten any benefits from their project? ~ b Listen to the interview and compare your answers with Liz and Dill's." "It's okay. reverse your roles. Bill? All typos . ['ve already done it. who with and when? b Good communication is not only about speaking.) Student A: How good a Iistenor was your partner? When you have fin ished. finished cooking dinner and we're about to eaL 3 "Any luck with work?" "No.. she's stayed with us a few times recentlv . still. and tben repeat what Student A said. ." do next 5 They've made some fr iends . . yet. then discuss the questions. wi/hollt interrupting. In a big ci ty. (used with questions and negatives) yet c The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. Student A: Choose a topic from 1-7 above.. 1 I still haven't . perhaps before expected. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with th e present perfect a Find these adverbs in the article: just.teenagers. a The action happened in the immediate past. 5 I've recently . recenliy. what kind of tbings do you talk about? If not. Answer the questions.. 2 do (line 9) tnlk to them 5 these (line 20) stories J They've insultod someone who was drun k. already." 6 They've made a lot of money. Student B: Listen. Imagine you are Liz or Bill and answer 2 What type of people stop and talk to Liz and the interviewer's questions. 1 Have you ever complained about anything? If so. Are you a good listener? Try this activity. 4 • 1 z How would people where you live react to "Talk to Me"? Would you stop and talk to Liz and Bill? Why? I Why not? If you did stop. what made you shout? 4 Do you know anyone who boasts a lot"! Who are they and why do you think they noed to boast? 5 How do you persuade people to agree w ith you? 6 Do you ever discuss problems with your parents? If so. already c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 34. and doesn't need to be repeated. d Complete the sentences to make true statements about yourself. (used only with negative scntences in the present perfect) still d The act ion or actions happened not long ago. Z I haven't .. 3 them {line 10) people 6 it (line 30) what they 4 Someone has robbod them .. you? 7 Do you ever gOSSip? If so. Then compare with a partner. New Yorkers are ramous fo r heing talkative. Wh ich of these things have to? happened to Liz Bnd Dill? 1 them (line 5) and BJL it (line 17) breaking 1 They've spokcn to someone without a job . 5 Vocabulary: talk a In groups. I've J.. RU connected? Unil3 ." b Match the adverbs in Exorcise 3a with their meanings. check the meaning of the expressions in italic. prepare to talk for exact ly one minute. Life is stressfu l in a big ci ty . 4 I've already ." up with her partner 2 They've had sorious problems with the police. I still haveu 't found n joh.it is therapeutic. What do they refer ~ c Listen agBin. what would you talk about? d Why do you think "Talk to Mo" is popular in New York? Suggested answers: New York is a busy. Note the way they are used and complete each sentence below with one of them.. 1 " Have you finished your homewerk ~?" "I haven't even started it ~ !" 2 1 can't talk now. bu t listening. too. . 4 Listening skills 1 What impression does the writer give of New a You are going to listen to an interview with Liz Yorl:: in the evening rush hour? It is very busy. yet. 4 "['II feed tho dog bofore we go out. very soon before the moment of speaking. recently e The action has happened. .." 5 "Have you seen Mary at all?" "Mary? Yes. d Discuss these questions. (You don't have to use exactly the sarno words..coplo·s outlook . 3 I've just . there a re a lot of lone ly people." talk to you? 4 Why have Liz and Bill encouraged people to 3 Have you had any trouble with the police? stop and talk to them? They believe that it can 4 What lessons has "Talk to Me" taught you? c h a nge I.iI's good to talk.. middle-aged men 1 How do you get peop le to talk? 3 How do we know that New Yorkers like talking? Z How do people react when you invite them to They have heard "thousands of stories.!:!!!. .. what? Z Have you /rad an argument with anyone recently? What was it about? 3 Have you shouted at nnybody this week? If so. and Bill.~ '-- b Read the article again.

updated each month -from the online magazine from Macmillan. b Read the Web gu ide on the right and recommend ono or more sites for the people below. philosophers.org/ NPR is an American radio network with an extensive audio archive . Over 50 news stories categorized under headings such as crime. from blues to rap. or (j B http://www. B.liter!!nmet. Questions that Int ernet users frequcntly ask are called FADs o http:)/www. c httgJJwww. organ ization. painters. I wish I knew more aboul Johnny Depp! I haven 'I read anything about him for ages.bbc. 5 Tho long narrow line at the edge of the screen usod for movi ng information up. from American comedy to Australian cartoons.npr.com / Hilarious site bringing together over 7.orz lennsf I F antastic site from CNN. D I haven't done any studying for the reading comprehension test yet. I wish she was here. environment and adventure. political activists. You can listen to radio programs or select a range of special features . If only I'd worked more on my listeningl I miss Pilar. musicians.(a. anestapenglish_(om Here you will find listening activities . How good is your Web vocabulary? Match the definitions below with the words in the box. "m E D c Unit 3 R conneded? U . elc.G . E http :lJwww. down.ukLbbcfau rL audiainterviewsL Hundreds of faScinating interviews with famous people from every walk of life: actors. A page in a magazine that gives you information about Web si tes is a Web Kuide . The un ique address of a computer or a document on the Internet is called a URL A place on the Internet wherc you find information about a particular subject. I failed my English test. bound to fail it. they're my favorite rock band and I wish I could find more of their music. She always cheered me up with her jokes. is a Web site . G http ~/ www. I just bought the new CD by The Darkness.bbe.humorlinks. 3 A con nection between one Internet file and anoth er is (I link 4 The row of small pictures on the screen that you click on 10 perform particular acti ons is tho Icoluor . icon link FAQs Web guide toolbar Weh site Web browser search engi ne This week's Webguide~ A http :Lwww. scientists and writers. 2 A software program that finds and dis plays pages from the Internet is a Web browser.000 links to humor Of every kind. A pago or document that you can read on a Web site is a Web paee . mostly of the multiplechoice variety. home-page URL Web page scroll bar 1 Tho plnco on the Internet that appears first on your com puter is your home page. cartoonists.an excellent source of authentic English. 7 8 9 10 11 12 across the screen is the scroll bar . Each story has a range of activities focusing on_ comprehension and vocabulary.1 Warm up a Tho World Wide Web has created a lot of weird and wonderfu l things.u kLmusi elJ iste n lots of online music from classical to jazz. ' Here you will see the funniest jokes and pictures from around the world. A. including new vocabulary.ca. A small pict ure on a computer screen that opens a program or performs an action is an icon A program that looks for information from many different Web pages is a search engjne .

Then ask students to skim the web gu ide all page 32 to find useful sites for the speakers. cheer (someone) up 0: make someone happy I'm bound 10 . and then let them check with a partner before going through the answers as a class. used to a Web guide do. CJ Pronunciation guide URl/jual'el1 scrotl Iskroull Write on the board: Click on Find Choose Search Extension activity Then tell students that you have switched your computer on and you ore on your home page.. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing them with the whole class. Note the pronunciation: icon t alkonl FAQs fef el 'kjuzl t . 0: Vocabulary irs almosl certain 10 happen 10 me exlensive == very large archive = collection or store hilarious = very funny RU connected? T 32 Unit 3 . but you wont to go on the World Wide Web to find out exactly how old the Earth is. Read a loud the quotations by the people in Exercise lb.. When was the World Wide Web invented? How often do you use the Web? Whafdo you use it for? What is the most useful function of/he Web? 00 you have a home page? What's on if? Introduce the topic 1 Warm lip Ask students to match the words and definitions in Exercise la .Objectives Topic: the World Wide Web Writing Grammar Reading simple past. Ask students to give you instructions 10 find Ihe information you wonl. using the verbs on the board and computer words from exercise l a. I wish / if only a lecture Ustening a lecture Speaking designing a Web site Ask students a few questions about the Web to introduce the topic. be used to doing. You may wont to check some of the difficult vocabulary items from the text and review their pronunciation..

Also. how usable and transparent it is. Many people I've spoken to obout Web design soy things like. and you easily get lost or waste time.. lost week we looked at Web sites fram a designer's point of view. you want accurate. up-to-date information. build up a list on the bo ard of features o f a good Web site. taking into aC(Qunt the needs of the surfer. T h en h ave th e class vote on th e b es t Web site. A n sw ers (extra points m enti oned on audio) reliabl e. . 5 Compare Pl ay the aud i o for Exercise 5. You want a fast download time.il is his/her job 1 make notes of all decisions and 10 report the ideas to Ihe class. and not too technical: and "I need to get the information I wont as quickly as possible. We'll assume thai you don't write garbage.2 Task D iv i de stud ents into groups of four. t T • 4 Feedbac k Ask one stud ent from each group to present thei r gro up's Web si te i deas . a site mop. what about design? Are colors used to good effect? You often find colors make it more difficult to follow the site map. can the user tell what the Web site is about? You see.. I mean how we move around the site from page to poge. reliable. Design includes clear text and good use of pictures. so the site should indicate very carefully and clearly exactly what is there_ The third point has to do with navigoti on. but from the point of view of the user. so I like Web sites that have very clear links ond site mops: Well.. Today we're going to look at Web sites again. Now ore there any questions so for? Unit 3 T 33 RU connected? . accessible. Finally. Students Band C = the "ideas" guys . let"s begin. By navigati on. Ask stud en ts 10 com p l ete th e Jist i n Exer cise 6a and th e table in Exer cise 6b . Group organization Before doing the lask give each person in the group 0 role: Student A == group leader . trans p aren t navi gati on uncl uttere d d esign wit h clear text and good u se o f p ictures n ot to o m an y c ol ors or 100 many pic tures free of adverti sing.it is their job 10 think of interesting and unusual ideas_ Studenl D '" group secrelary . but don·t use too many pictures or the download time will be too slow. and inviting. With the Internet. and then go over the instruc ti on s in Exercise 2 with the cl ass. Ask stud en ts to write d own an y ex tra point s men ti oned i n th e lecture to add 10 th e cl ass list on th e b oard. 6 Not ice Play th e audi o fo r exercise 5 again . so you don'l wont to use 100 many different colors. the site should be as free as possible of odverti sing ~ this is another form of garbage that the user doesn't want to see popping up atl the time and gening in the way of the information you real ly need. the content: is the content rel iable? This is a key point because there·s a 101 of garbage out there in cyberspace. if you wont your Web site to be easy to use. Repeat th e audio for Exerci se 5. "I wish Web sites were simple and easy to follow. an d th en present i t to the class i n a fu lure lesson. Fourth. tmpartant navigation features are the toolbor. I'm going to give you the basic points so you can go ahead and design a usable ond attractive Web site. n a. Now. but even good content can be unreliable because it con go out of dole very quickly. 7 Foll ow u p T hi s work s w ell as a homewor k task. people need to know if the site is relevonlto them.. 0 3 Prepare En courage each grou p to m ak e revi si on s to th ei r home page after comparing it to th e h ome page i n th e unit. incl udi ng ani m ated pop-u ps \? @ t t . the page shouldn't be cluttered . So. A sk st ud ents to p rin t ou t their favo rite home p age. A sk students 10 listen and say w hat points fro m exerci se 4c are m en t ion ed.he/she has to ask the questions and make sure everybody contributes. so you don't gel lost and waste time trying to work out where to go nex\. and links to other relevant pages.with too many different secti ons ~ the page should look open. I~ Okay. ask yourself the following five questions: First of all. T h ro ugh out Exer cise 4. up-to-date conlent shows clearl y wha t is on Web site usable. Second. in this talk.

present the concept of tho Web site and the home page to the class and they will vote on the one they 5 Co mpare like the most. inviting. science. HUMANS IN SPACf . and links..". Complete the table with positive Prepare adiectives and phrases about good Web design.NA TIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMI NISTRATIO N + ABOlTT NASA -+ For Kids + NEWS & EVEHTS + MUlnM~DIA -+ POPUlAR TOPICS IF IT'S NOT SAFE.04 Station Crew to Join Far. Check how many of your poin ts are usable..09. etc.03. tips for mentions which are not on your class list.. finally. SAY 501 Rofgl. 5 Put your ideas into action .04 l atest on Genesis Probe + Read More . and your group will have to c Make a class list of the features that a good Web design tho home page of the site. . opon. Fourth .04 Cassini t=inds New 2 Task You are going to enter a competition to create a Web b As a class. Second .09. discuss these points @ a Listen to a lecture on Web desig n . clear c Now go back to your list of poin ts. trarll>pareut Navigation covered by this site.09.. Web site .. .. Make notes on what is good about it and what could be improved. . favorite Web si tes and make a list of the five most First of all." WOfy . 10 I!ASA + For Students FIND IT C NASA ' + AO'IANCED SEAJICIl _ 1:: .design the home page! b Notice how the speaker identifies the good points in Web sites. photos. important things a good Web site should have. up-ta-dato Content of this page. You will need to site should have.01.09. ~ a Listen again. In your groups. rest of the class. on your list from Exercise 4c does the speaker 1 Who is the Web sile for? What are their interests? mention? 2 What "'ill the Web site contain? (Articles on ~ b Listen again and add any points the speaker things such as sports.04 Station Spacewa lk Successful 09.04 KSC Cleans Up After Frances 09.. b Present it to the res t of the class. a You are going to report your group's ideas to the Listen to the lecture again if necessary. music.~~ .~ h Look at the home page from a Web site at the top Yet.. List the main points about your Web site.. learning Engl ish: help with homework?) 3 What will appear on the home page? Think about 6 Noti ce text..olLe accurate.. a Choose a home page from a site you like and print it out.. points? Design accessible. Do you wan t to make any revisions to your Web site? 3 7 Follow up 4 Feedback a Present your idea for the Web site to the class and explain your home page. RU connected? . Can you add any other not cluttored . The third point . Which points and then design the home page. How does the speaker list her 4 What makes a good Web site? Think of your points? Complete this list. View Video EXPlORIPlG lliE UNIVERSE 09.. -"-<' .Out Powwow + Read More + Read More + Photo Gallery 09.. sito for your class. vote on the best Web site.'0 .

. womod.. We had an argument about pol i tics..to say somethlng has happened n the recent past I've been to the movies 8 101 recent. Whi ch word from the table describes the situations below? Rewrr. Fann We form the present per1ecl with the auxiliary verb have + a past participle. I haVen't called her yet because the phone isn't working/ s till . 3 I told everyone in the room about how I won the competition. and he agreed.g. 2 Adverbs used with the present perfect just . I ahJady fed the cat.ing in the p-esent: Jack has worked for Ford since 1975... 1 The President has never been overseas. we often go on to add ~. I've aJroody fed the cat (so you don'.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect \ Five of these sentences are incorrect. the sentences using a word from the table...to ask atxxJt experieoces that have happened at least once up to now (question form onty) Have you ever been fa London? for . The errors can be in the present perfect itself or in the use of the adverb. usually with a specifIC time reference. I p ersuaded Sam to come with u s on va cation :--' 2 We disagreed strongly about politics... about th e hotel room.. •• . but I've never been to Argentina. in the simple past tense: I've been to Chile.. tI To tal< about actions or states n the past but thai have some effect in the present. tI «I 5 We haven't been to a good party since two years. web guide web site web browser search engine scroll bar to New York twice.. We tOOk an amazing cruise down the Pacific coast. v. 4 Did Amanda tell you all about Mary's new boyfriend? Did Amanda gossip about Mary's n ew bo yfri end? 5 Iwas unhappy about the hotel room and I told the manager.. she hasn't bought a used car.ten we expect it to be done (negative form oriy) We sill hav&l't heard from our daughter il AusttaJia..... need to do it). I boasted ahout huw I won the competition .-l> 3 Have you seen the new James Bond film stilt? James Bond film yo>t? 4 Louisa has recently made a lOt 01 new friends. Th en .. 7 Kevin and Jackie have just had their third child. Check the correct sentences and correct the wrong ones. ..for actions completed earlier than expected I've already flf'lished aI the questOOs. He's just went out.to state how k)ng an action has been in progress.Jd I discuss my amuar-' raise with yoo Icx:iay? 1 I gave Sam alilhe reasons why he should come with us on vacatior. yoo'vs persuaded me to come this Karen gossips about everyt>ody so don't tetl her any secrets! someone to do SCltTlElt!Ylg gossip about someone evennr' '--' gossip ge"". recently .. Pfease take your shoes off. beErI. We've just cJeaned the catpet. Word or phrase Useful phrases complain have an argument shout at boast Example been there. I wetJI there last year. already ..to ask whether an action has been done (Y to sat that an expected actiOn has not been done (question and negative form 00y) Have )OU called your mother yet? No. more information. used for a particular point n time I haven't seen Simon since Monday.. 8 We've been to a concert in the new auditoriun._ 1 persuade someone that shout at someone boast about something (to someone) Don't shout at the call Simon's always boasting about his expensive sports car..to sat that an actoo has not been done.for very recent actiorls complain about someone We complained about t. u.'A tool bar Iile <= homepage chat roo m go OIlIineloffii oe surr web p age download "--' v irus log on I log 01T I just had some coffee. gNetl. the sinpIe past is often used n sentences >Mthjust and aIra:Kfy: J attachment icon link FAOs Web guide loolbar Web site Web bro~ search engine homepage chat room crash download file go online 1 offline log on 1 log off scroll bar surf virus Web page Computers The Internet ~ Both <>a. PAST 1975 PRESENT tI Jack Slant W()(king for Ford. discuss discuss something (with wmeone) Co. used for periods of time We've had these dogs for five years.to state. and add more words of your own. and check th E" meanings in Lessons 2 and 4 1 a dictionary if you need to.. My sister has just Question: Have you ever been to New Itlrlc? Has she bought a used car? Negative: No.. I haven 't 2 Words connected with talking Look at th e meaning o f these words in Lesson 31 a dictionary.... Jack works for Ford • Experiences that we have had in our lives (at an unspecifIed time) and that we may have again: I've been to Chile. 6 Fran neyer went skiing but she hopes to go next year. done. write them into the correct column in the table..... ever . With this use of the present perfect.... We haven't met Anna 's new boyfriend yet (but we expect to). bought. Vocabulary Summary 1 IT and Internet words Look at the IT words and expressions in the box. link FAo. e. ror two years.. Note: In informal American English. since .y. 100. No. we're have an arglJ'TlElflt with I had an 8rg.. Affirmative: "ve been bought 8 car. He's j ust gon e out. • Recent actions or actions that we expect to do: I'vEI just had some coffee (a few nToutes ago). Fran has I never been . 2 Don't wait for Janes.ment with iT'" someone about something brother about his friend~ ~ persuade " " '..nan a continuing action started.. In fact. "--' Okay. too... or something meal to the manager. . Can I go naN? yet . • Actions Of stales that began in the past but thai are contn. we've been 1(' one last week. w e went to one last w eek . Unil3 RU connecled? .

so it's a tool for cutting down trees.e !uui ?Ole ~. He refuses to buy a cell phone and won't use the copy machine...e_n k_:' M 2 The word agree is the base word or root. RU connected? Unit3 . TiS:hJe:.s J? 2 What kind of word is chood/e? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence. b Discuss your answers with the ctass. ."""Y ""iI h-r1c fo-maL f=m.I:!. "The »O"»u2n h. ACTION PLAN [> out the meaning of new words Your action plan: figuring words During your next few English lessons make a list of arr. b You can also use word formation to discover what a word means.an.3 . ~7-l'ea.. etc. "ltdL the I:e:xl. use the context to guess the meaning of the words in italic.. ~ in a dictiOnary or ask my teacher..n. 3 What kind of word is cratty? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence. I stop reading because the text is too high for my level.he I:J1e afon. 2 Happy / have t 3 critici~ We know it's sharp..wnung JlA. f<. and adjectives to create the opposite.sm:m. I ignore it and carry on. Did yCXJ search for information on key pals? Have you made a key pal? In pairs. 1 The man used a sharp ax to chop the tree down. new words.. I ask myself if the word is important in order to understand the text.. 2 First of all.qr.snt1.a!e a<m"". 4 The earthquake wa SIron strongly enough to 3 Pete's a real technophobe.l cWftad/. ~ . 1 Write as many quesHons as you can about the nonsense words cratty and choodle. noun. talk about your action plan from page 25. For example.U o c Choose the correct word in italic.r th. meaning. your brains for half an hour or so? de"". 1 Note the page reference..r.. I immediately look it up ~<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan from Unit 2: Making key pals In pairs.ud. verb. a k1t of destrue Unemployed is causing 4 Hey. 2 undisciplined 3 replacement 4 unhappiness un .an 7 ~ wi my fuw m dest&Yl1Pon. 2 Every time I come across a new word..Z C> Z 01:: Figuring out meaning 1 Dealing with new words when reading a Read these strategies and check the ones that you have used when reading.. b Discuss your answers w ith your class or group. Jane. If it isn't. type of text... J cd-ml} pd up ""iI hand and <n [nglsh askd ~ -new teaJ:hey.s aL-ways Ie as ""II as /k5l' flf .. !:. the meaning. »a.uuh alL r.d m en t n ess able Ull . you figured Note: You will need to show these notes to a dassmate at the end of Unit 4. Discuss the c lues you used to discover .i /k. rfly Jir1c .."i! aImt Ik 2 ~""'"9 f=m .dpfu1ty s. Tis:hJe:. 3 If there are a lot of words or phrases I don't know. 2 Ust phrases..w. 0 u appines is a quality that we don·t all misfortune to enjoy. disagreement: ::J >- o o Prefix Root 1 misunderstanding mi s under stan d discipline p l ace h app y cycl e Suffix in s 0.e:dUes m '!5fI $. out and their meanings. In pairs. nouns.). n felt salisfied critical her wo .is used with some verbs.se4 high!¢< allik ~-11" <M nd 7M 1m "»as 5 /umcti. I have to give this presentation next week and I know that you're really goocI at that kind of thing. to discover what it means.J was a!mud a. important new you learn from the reading texts. and it's a tool.. like a knife. I reach for the dictionary. ccmp!eJ:e kgtn-ney and /lad fuui 1 ku. ?!74uer fl!l!t nach 1& ilM".1im< ¥ .U 5 recyclable 2 Using contextual clues to figure out m eaning In pairs. 3 The suffix -ment indicates that the word is a noun.g:so. 3 Write a short explanation of how you figured out the meaning.. etc. look at the sentence and answer the questions.errnan Ms= 'Whd lund q: chaxiIe. > L.J L. ~ :sr~that her bOss sa estruetio workers. Then try to guess more or less what the important words or phrases mean.. c:tu. 4 Applying what you've looked at a Read this text and decide which underlined words or phrases are important to understand the text.ded fJU1 a ~y a'Yl:u:le awi f. fiau.r enCe:red /:he. Use a dictionary if necessary. 1 If I don'. 4 I try to figure Qut the meaning from the context. can I pick. . usually negative.. and title. The cratty choodle departed on time for a change. the noun made of three parts: prefix root disagreement is suffix ~~~ 1 The prefix dis.. analyze these words in the same way as complete the table and say what they all mean. 3 Using structural clues to figure out meaning a You can also use information about the type of word (adjective.a1he. know something. 1 Careful reference /<§i&encW is€sent~/ essentially in a research paper...

1 I left collage early without a degree. since for just already yet ever recently 1 I don'. a b c d e U only 1 had the money to buy 8. want to see that movie again -I've already seen it six times.ing verb and the verb in parentheses. ' /11 goin 0 m y grand father's 75th b There are six mistakes with the simple past and present perfc<:t in the essay on the right. 2 I've gained a couple of kilos during this vacation. 3 My boss fired me. 2 I live a lone back home but right now I share IEsharj~n apartment with my sister. new car. I wish I hadn't gone out to restaurants every evening. 1 Water is boiling ~t 100 degrees Celsius. If only I bad fin ished my major. 3 moved Mve Icmt 1 have traveled 4 b as lived 2 m et 5 have had c Complete these sentences with five of the adverbs from the box. My Hom etown. Z I've studied English since I was s ix and I still make mistakes. S Have you ever taken part in a chat room? d Complete these sentences with the correct fonn of used 1o or be used to + . Could you turn it off. used to play (play) but I'm too old and slow now. 4 Have you finished that assignment yet ? We have to hand it in tomorrow. 5 Are you used 10 Ij Y in ~ • e Match the problems with the wishes and regrets. 1 I don'l play soccer any more.I'm used to working here. simple present or present progressive. ~ 3 I'm only in California for a year or so ~ taldnBY 1 take a postgraduate course at UCLA. 4 I have to do two jobs to make enough 10 survive. 4 I at u early and write for a couple of hours and the~ usua y go I'm usuaJJ oing fo r II walk. ( ) I wish I hadn't insulted her in fro nt of the other e mp lo~. Write the corroct form below. s ex weeken d I go / birthday party. If only I didn't have to work so bard. . I 2 I am not used 10 working (not/work) with music on.a Choose the correct tense. 3 I've worked here for a long time and don 't want to leave . S We broke down on the highway and had to call for help. please? 3 I didn't use to like (not/like) gardening when I was young but now I lovo it! (you/play) with toy trains when you were a kid? Did you use to play (you/live) in the country now? It's so quiel compared to tho town you moved from. Look at the example and underline the remaining mistakes.

1 Eyes : bl<'lck/blue/brown/green 2 Wine: red/white/black/rose 3 Hair: blondlbrown/vellow/black 4 Meat: red/white/brown/dark ."". ' yo. But I'd like ~bou~ my last boss. each other: we worked wdJ With a team and with h as her. some . We all respected ffi' . whe!1 a bank 3 . P y and Created a SPlCit. John Great. we were 4 COOperative.. 1 Z 3 4 a a a a 5 a using @ pending lending ~aking owes b ends keep waste win b save ffi've c making ~ iSSing c aski ng d ?rrowing c borrows gives d guard c Jarn d gain Complete this dialogue by choosing the appropriate word or phrase from the box. every time I try to go 3 online . You can 5 download them onto your computer._--_. no! So what h<'lppens to your computer? John Well. .. to fill in the blanks. spend everything I 5 . It's difficult for me to 4 •. apart from 2 . connection Net Web sile scroll bar home page log on online John Hey. She w: ~e~:r~u re axed SOrt of person _ sh' c never seemed uptight or nervous and she always had time and '. whict11 really don't want to dO.. . 3 ~dependent ' didn't k ' In our work .e was not only experienced e Clent. ". good to see you.y .they love to talk about other stars' secret lives. I wonder if you can help me. . I Wef1t to the bank for advice the other day. ..ked lip a 1 virus when I was surfing the 2 Net Luke Oh .. a. [ used olle and it worked. attract friend create relax cooperate respect real organize romance independence h Choose the correct word. ~ .I get this message saying an error has occurred and the computer just switches itself off.. or d. but life is really hard but also the interest and I can't afford that. 3 Noth ing you say will persuade me to cross Niagara Falls on a bicycle! 4 Actors are well known for gossiping about each other . 2 I shouted as loudly as I could <'II Ihe child. but she couldn't hear me. download attachment file crash toolbar viru:.ussion argue 1 Our neighbors complained about the noise during Oill party last night.inht now . Complete the sentences with the correct form of five of the words in the box. yo. Of course. I've been 1 . c. and I. b. more money from the bank. Luke r can try_ What's the problem? John r think I pir.I have so many obligations nowadays that I right now. 2 friend l ~tmosPhere in the workplac! _ we all gan to see each other SOcially She en?Ouraged us all to be . Could you send me the details? Luke Sure. I haven '\ heen able to send any e-mails for days! Luke I know a very good 4 web site that provides really good anti-virus programs free.. 5 Have you heard? Joe and Helen had an enormous argument and aren't talking to each other anymore. q.. money. aggressive. e managed to create a pleasant. __ .a lot of money recently and I needed some acMce from my loan officer. for everybody Sh a smile . I try to be optimistic.. • persuade complain boast shout gossip disr. right away. ay.. a". I -'oed her what my options were. don't only repay the loan The Ideal Boss ~me.. and 5 organized b ' communicated a enl ' ut she great te'm . Toe fact is my salary IS JU low.she were fi eep telling us what to do _ we ree to work on our Own A result..'ve ~ad a lot of bad managers in m y mcompetent.. g Underline the odd word out. Only five words or phrases are used. cold.sh er.f Complete this text with the adjective form of five of the words in the box.

The four people in the article below are a lso at the party and are not talking to anyone right now.~i 1 _ . Did you choose the person that the wri ter suggests is the most attractive? GLOSSARY a uribule ]lOslurc A positive foature of someone or something the way we hold our bodies as pire desire ilnd work toward something Unil 4 Together . -_ • 1 Reading skills a Imagine that you are at a party. Which one wou ld you talk to? Wh y? b Read the article quickly.

Caracas .. and the flight leaves very early in the morning . A Yeah. I suppose. me. I'm Rachel. In fact. we do I suppose. maybe. A Hi. on the other side of town. sure.sorry. welt. a You like salsa? A love it. a Oh. A Yeah . irs not so diflicull when you're in the some town. Jane. and then ask students tu read the text quickly and answer the question in Exercise 1b. what do you do? B I'm a research biologist. I've never been to Michigan. thanks. yeah. I know Dove from way bock . ThaI's fascinating. A Well. it was really fasc inating. Whal a pain! a Well.. it is. right? B Yeah.. - C Lauro. A Oh. the way. but actually I'm staying with my friend Rachelthat's her in the black dress O\lef there. too. A Well. nice to meet you. so do I. what do you do? B I'm 0 research biologist A Wow. How interesting! What exactty do you do? A Oh. I'm going to try that new salsa club on Friday. when you come on your own. Together T 38 Unit 4 . being a biologist? B Irs okay. I know. we do.' For Exercise 2c on page 39 !II A Do you work with Dove? B No. irs great I've met some rea lly interesting people. ThaI's fasc inating. I'm sorry. B Wow. rve just come bock from Coracas a wow. A Really? You've kept in touch? a Yeah. How do you know Angie and Dove. well. What exactly do you do? A Oh. laura. look . do you work with Dove? a No. A Nice shirt Did you get it here? B Heavens. A Good party. Yes. since we live near each other. A Where ore you from? B Michigan. She lives on the next block. right so you're in the travel industry. I bet you realty get to make some interesting discoveries. rm from New York lpause) So. Set a time limit affive minutes.. look I'll give you my number . I think Fli go get another drink. A Really? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. I mean. A Wow. a Okay. A That's true. delighted to meet you. okay. ore you kidding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. I am. How interesting. present progressive. are you Iddding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. B Don't worry. look I'm actually waiting for someane. but irs a lillie difficult you know. A That's tru e. a Yeah. iI's not so difficult when you're in the some town. A Really? ThaI's interesting. I've just come back from Caracas. "~--------------------------------------------------------------. I think the JXlrly's great. B Yeoh. near the airport. no. Are you having a good time? B Well. B Yes. We went to a fantastic salsa dub there. we're going to try and go every week if it's good. no. I oought it in Milan. a Yeah. A Hey! Sa do II B So you're in the Iravel industry. recognizing and simple present) expressing interest Ustening a conversation Speaking discussing intentions Ask students What do you do fa make a good first impression when you meet people for the first time? Write students' suggestions on the board and add (or elicit) the following: smiling looking cool listening folking a 101 being funny Introduce the topic asking questions 1 Reading skills Set up the prediction task. F minutes on Ihe bus to get ifty here. it was really fascinating. near the airport A Hey. A Really? That's interesting. I'm meeting some friends on Saturday . Why don't you come along? What are you doing on Friday? A Oh. I'm a flight attendant. I know Dove from way oock . 50. Irs from Italy. I have my car here.we're seeing a play at Ihe theater. George B Yeah. no.sounds great A Yeah.. that's rea lly nice of you. A I'd kwe to. I'm from New York. A I mean. it's okay. Do you live near here? B Well.. then? A Angie and 1worK together. 15 For Exercise 2a on page 39 !ioI A Hello there.. lpause). Do you mind . Point oul the Glossary. this is Jane. Come along some other time. nothing exciting a Nothing exc~ing. maybe we could gel together one evening? How aoout Saturday? A Oh. rm George. Are you enjoying the party? A Yeah. Caracas . Uh . A Yeah. a Is it? A Do you like it. A Where are you from? B Michigan. I've never been to Michigan. Do you travel a lot? B Yes. Are you enjoying the party? B Hello. B Hi. sure. See you later. A Hi. I can give you a lift oock if you like. I'm flying to Paris on Saturday. maybe some other time then. I'm a flight anendanl. a Me too. yeah. on the other side of town.we were in school log ether. A Nice to meet you.sounds great. A Oh. okay.. lpause) A Well. .we were in school together. by a Okay. A Oh. A Hi there. nothing exciting B Nothing exciting.Objectives Topic: attraction and communication Pronunciation Reading a scientific article Grammar future plans and intentions intonation: (going to. Do you live near here? a Well.

it is only used for impersonal.sounds great. so do I How interesting! Nothing exciting. In English.Ask studen ts to co mpare their notes from Exercise lc with a partn er. no one can stop me. first ask students to predict what they thin k the people in the pict u res might say in each conversation. Ask stud~nt s to discuss Exercise l d in pairs. Play tho aud io for Exercise 2e. review the ru les for expressing intentions. Play the audio fo r Exercise 2a . Answers: In 1. Unil4 T 39 Together . Answers will vary. to copy the intonation pall crns they hear. The audioscripts for Track 1 5 and Track 16 are on page T38 ~ 171-------------------------------------------------------------Really? Thors true. Ask student s to listen and match the conversat ions wi th the people. inten tions. they make friends and arrange to meet. the more "exaggerated" the intonation. both women sound interested: their intonation has more high and low tones. Play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and repeat line by line. he uses a flat intonation . exaggerating tho di ffe rences in pilch. Because English tends to use a wide intonation pattern. and arrangements If students need help wit h Exercise 4. Hey. You may need to play and pause the recording to allow students to wri1c their answers. Pause after each conversat ion to elicit studen ts' illlswers.0 and a ppears to be wai ting for someone and wants the other person to go away. fThars my de<ision. t\it 5 Speaki ng skill s Have students work individually to plan fo r one o f the si tUlI\ions. ore you kidding? Wow. 2 Listening skills If you wish. or assign students to Tei. and arrangements in the Grammar Summary on page 4G of the Student's Book. Tho woman sounds bored because of her flat intonation: she does not seem interested in the man. As they listen. as needed. scheduled events. Ask students to listen for answers to tho questions in Exercise lb. the man sounds interested . In 2. Thofs foscinating. Caracos . Students should be using present progressive fo r fixed arrangements and going to for intontions. Quick grammar guide: future The present progressive is used to talk about personal plans and arrangements that have been ful ly planned and fina lized. ask students to say who sou nds interested or bored. plans. 3 Pronunciation : intonation Quick pronunciation guide The "flatter" the intonation. Play tho audio for Exercise 2c aga in.it is the decision you have mode. Conversely. and they seem to like each other and are making friends.ld thi s again as homework. In conversation 2. and then have student s roport briefly to the class. Answers will vary. with a slight difference of implied meoning. the more bored people sound . 1 3. Play the aud io again. Then put them in pairs to discuss their plans. and 4 . it is important to get students to reolly exaggerate when repealing the "interested" intonation patterns from the recording. Wow. the "other" person gives up and goes away. Ihe simple present is nolo common future form .j overuse the simple ptesentto lalk about personal arraogements. the man sounds very bored. I fJI9y tennis tomorrow afternoon. UI is arranged. the more interested people sound. The difference is subtle and often either fo rm can be used in any situation. Monitor students and listen for common mistakes.! Common PfOb'ems and errors Students m(f. Realty? Thafs interesting. 3 . the court is reserved. Answers: In conversations 1. Going to is used to emphasize the intention rather than the plan or a rrangement .1 I'm going to play tennis tomorrow. 4 Grammar review and extension: future plans. Ask st udents to complete the conversations. I'm ploying tennis tomorrow.

near the airport. intenti ons. on the other side of town . 2 Your hoyfrielld's/girlfrielld's parents have invited you for lunch. I've just come back from Caracas. 3 her parents I take her / airport (Th is is their intention. . using the correct form. 1 Are you enjoying tho party? P 2 We're leaving for Paris noxt Monday. it was really fascinating. a Which tense/verb form is used in each example? 1 '" present progressive 2 '" simple present 3 going to + infinitive b Which example describes an intention. Discuss the notes with your partner. I'm a night attendant._ ~ b Listen again and answer the questions. 3 A Where are you from? B Michigan. 5 we I play I ill I soccer final I Saturday (It's in the program. 4 1/ stay I home I watch soccer I TV tonight (But I could change my mind. Who sounds interested? Who sounds bored? Why? mtonation shows how interested we are in a penon or a conversation. what do you do? 8 I'm a research biologist. Wow. 3 I'm going to try that new salsa club. such as a schedule? 2 II:: 2 Listening skills ~ a Listen to four conversations at a party. nothing exciting. we do. B Wow. What exactly do you do? A Oh. Remember to show interest in what your partner says ! I'm going to a party on Satllrday. yeah. .\. 2 her fli ght I leave / 7:30 / morning (This is the scheduled time. A Rea lly ? You've kept in touch? B Yeah.g.we were in school together. So. Make notes of your plans for tho situation (e. travel) and your preparations (e. and arrangements a Look at these examples and answer the questions. F 4 I'm staying with my cousin in Chicago next weekend. but you want to make some new friend s. 1 A Do you work with Dave? B No. 2 The fli ght leaves very early in the morning. 1 I'm meeting some fri ends on Saturday. Where did you moot? What do you think first attracted you to that person? 4 Grammar review and ex tension: future plans. P c Read the information about the ways of express ing future plans and intentions on page 46 .) The game sta rts at 3:00 in the afternoon.) I'm going to stay at home and watch soccer on TV tonight.. I suppose.g. b In pairs. not a plan? 3 c Which example describes a very definite plan..c Make notes of what the writer says about the four people in the pictures. We're sccing a play at the theater. it's not so difficult when you're in the same town. talk abou t the si tuations and what you in tend to do. A Yeah. clothes.. describe the future? Write P or F. 5 Speaking skills a Choose one of the situations below. Do you live near here? 8 Well . A Hey! SodoJ ! 2 8 So you're in the travel industry. ThaI's fascinating . B Nothing exciting. 1 You're new in this town and you have been invited to a party on Saturday. F 5 Jeremy always arrives late for the class. You haven't met them before and you want to make a good impression. .. no._ 4 person _ . 1'111 going to wear Together Uni14 3 Pron unciation: intonation ~ ~ listen to the exchanges again. How interesting . 5aluniOJi. conversation topics). A ThaI's true . Do you agree with th e writer? d Think of your best fri end or boyfriend/girlfriend. are you kidding ? I bet you get to see some in teresti ng places . Listen and repeat the phrases that you wrote in the conversations above. I'm from New York. Caracas Sounds great .) \-Ve are playing in the soccer fina l on Saturday. You won't know anybody there. 1 she / fly I Thailand I Saturday (She bas already bought the ticket.) Her parents are going to take her to the airport. I know Dave from way back . (The people in the pict ures are the second speaker in each conversation. b Which sentences describe the present and which What is tho outcome of each conversation? 2 Which conversa tion is the most successfu l? Why? 1 Listen 1 these short exchanges from the 0 conversations and complete them. F 3 My train arri ves at six on Wed nesday. times. A Well.) 1 person _ 4 _ 2 person _ 3 _ 3 person _ . well. 6 game I start I 3:00 / afternoon (This is the scheduled time.) 5k:s Illf"U 10 7ioa<knd on. Really? That's interesting ? I've never been to Michigan. then write sentences from the prompts below.) Her fli ght leaves at 7:30 in the morning. Match the conversations with the four people in Exercise la.

Women used to be economically de pe nde nt on their husbands as they usua lly didn' t have jobs outside the ho m e. . more than 50% of first marriages survive. this is no lo nger the case. Going b and the evidence suggests it is going . arc the statistks deceptive with regard to people stayi ng in fi rst marriages? 4 . But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs. 1 . and will+verb extramarital affairs will be even more common than they arc now. 0 GLOSSARY flx tra marilal outside of marriage gloomy dnprcssing. 1 The statistics may give an unnecessaril y pessimistic impression of marriage and divorce. b The institution of m ar riage has been based for years pa rtly on economic need. [li} - !aJ THE STATE OF MARRIAGE TODAY • Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years..~ame POSitiOll as another persoll Unit 4 Together .. Why . such as heart problems. C appear in either the marriage or divo rce statistics.. pessimistic cohauit Iivl! together (as a couple) counterpart SOlIlIlo ne in tht! . many couples now cohabit and don 't bother to marry . but they do not So is m arriage really an outdated institutio n? The fact that m ost people still get married indicates that it isn 't. Match the paragraphs with the four brief summaries.these couples are effectively married.. What makes a good marriage? Couples have to lenrll 1 accept each other's differen ces. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! c Find reasons for these facts in the article. and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer [Q the first question is really quite si mple: marriage is no lo nge r the necessity it o nce was. according to a spokesperson t for the N ational Family Association. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriges. @j 3 A good marriage can bring a lot of benefits. In addition to this. In fact.. \Vhile the rate of divorce has risen. the average American will marry at least four times. tal k about successful marriages that you know. the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. If •• · teen d connnucs. [) 2 The current trend and predictions for the future nrc for an increasing divorce rale.Marriage: a dying institution? 1 Read ing skills s One in Iwo couples in th e United Slates get divorced.. and married men generally consider themselves m o re contented than their single counterparts.. Some futuri sts predict that in 100 will+verb years. d But what are the reasons for this. docs the number of cohabiting couples not affect the trend? 3 . so they don 't feci that they need to stay in a failing marriage. . the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much. In answer to the second question. is marriage not a necessity for women any longer? Z . and the rate is increasing. the ratc of divorce in the U nited States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now. 4 The increase in the divorce rate may be the result of changes in society.. to+ver to get worse. is marriage benefi cial to men? d In pairs. so marriage is still quite popular. UI IS first it will lead to the break-up of the eonditional family. And it is also tr ue that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences. Why do you think people gct divorced? Are there as many di vorces in your country? b Read the art icle quickly.

Remind them to check the Glossary. 2 Because they do not appear in marriage or divorce statistics. Answers: 1 They are no longer economically dependent on their husbands. Together T 40 Unit 4 . Ask students to work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise lc. life experiences Reading a social science article Grammar predicting the future: will. Which "hair hod the most adYonloges? 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. Elicit students ' answers and write on the board some examples of the students' advice. going to. Introduce the topic Elicit two lists of advantages on the board. Tell half A to work in groups of four to write a lis) of advantages of being single. You may wish to point them out to students. 3 There is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. Divide the class into two halves. Extromarllal affairs = relationships outside marriage Gloomy picture = negative view Economic need = need for financial support Pessimistic outlook = negative view of the future Outdated institution = sociallrodilion that is not modern and needs chonging Vocabulary Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise l d in pairs. 4 Married men suffer less from stress and feel more contented. first conditional Writing an Internet posting Speaking discussing family and marriage Write on the board Being single and Being married.Objectives Topic: marriage and the family Vocabulary the extended family. There ore a number of collocations in the text. Allow one minute. Tell them to discuss the questions and look back at the article to research their answers . Set a short time limit (four minutes) to encourage students to skim the article.Tell half B to work in groups of four to write advantages of being married. and then ask students to read the article quickly and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise lb.

ignoring the spoces. Then invite students to rewrite them ond post them on the classroom wall so that students have on opportunity to read whot everybody has written. 3 Vocabulary: th e family Ask students to do Exercise 3a and 3b individually and thon compare with a partner before checking answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 46.2 Grammar: pred icting the future Help students find and underline the predict ions in the first paragraph of the article for Exercise 2a . Common problems and errors A common persistent error is likely to be using the simple present for predidions. Presentation altematiYe Ask students to read the Internet posting quickly. Additional actfvity Collect ond correct the postings and their replies. helping students with ideas and vocabu lary. If Peter doesn't come soon. Unit 4 T 41 Together . form groups of four and ask the groups to follow the instructions in Exercise 4d. so thoy should write their "posting" legibly on a soparate piece of paper. Put students in small groups to practice the vocabulary by discussing the questions in Exercise 3d. Answers will vary. helping students with any questions they have. and thell ask them which forms they use. he ~ the start of the film. and thell ask st udents to write their own predictions and compare them in pa irs. •• 4 Writing skills Let students check their answers to Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing as a class. especially with conditionals. will is used to express 0 prediction thot is 0 personol opinion. After students have studied the rules on pago 46. ask them to complete the paragraph in Exercise 2b with the correct verb forms. Model the activity in Exercise 2c by providing one or two examples. Ask 0 basic question to help students understond the gist (or main ideo) of the article: Is the writer concerned about the family or not concerned? Give students a minute to ask th eir purtner's opinion in Exercise 4b. Let students check in pairs before goi ng over the answers as a class. Move around the class. Move around the class. Tell them another student will read their work lator on. When students are ready. In troduce the activity in Exercise 4c carefully. Quick grammar guide: predictions Going to expresses 0 prediction bosed on evidence now. Put students in pairs and make sure they agree on which statement they are going to write about.

h Do you agree with the writer of Ihi s posting? Discuss the posting with a partner. and there 6 will be (be) less money available for the sick and the elderly. Then o f cou rse there are the 4 single-parent famil ies. 3 will cause (cause) many problems in the future. a nd if they had to work. b Match the verbs and nouns. 2 Single-parent famil ies can't bring up children as well as traditional famili es... leaving t he children with only one parent at home . b. What can we do about this? Your wife's brother is your /m:i:J.. d . and two children form a traditional famil y . the size of families d In sma ll groups. Then. Write a reply a nd "send" tJlO message back again. where a couple has gotten 5 divorced .!UL: child re n . 1 got a more chi ldren b married 2 got 3 got c a baby 4 go out with d engaged have a boy/girl 5 6 have f divorced . governments 5 will raise (raise) less money in taxati on.. which can't be good for them . In my day. 2 Your husband's father is your father-in-law . c Check your answers in the Vocabu lary Summary on page 46. pare nts a nd children. 6 A man or woman on their own with children form a single-parent fam ily.. 2 If more people get divorced . c. If the population cuntinues to fall. discuss these q uestions. exchange postings. Dno of the problems faced by the western world is its falling population.eY-{'n-/aw. so they are left wit h strangers all day.ililJ:m. Compare your order with a partner. she is your half sister . The order of the stages most often is: e. 1 in 50 years. 3 If you marry a man or woman with children.before they know whether their relationship is "right". 4 Divorce is not necessarily bad for ch ildren. d Join with another pair and in groups of four. 4 If you have a sisler with a different falher or mother. of course. com pare your sentences. 1 Do any of the phrases in Exercise 3a describe you? Which ones? 2 Do you have any of the people in Exercise 3a in your family? Which ones? 3 How many of the actions in Exercise 3b have you do ne·t 4 Writing skills a Read the Internet posting <lbout the state of marriage and com plete it with words fro m Exerc ise 3. Underline four predictions ahout the future of marriage. there 4 will be (be) fewer people in work. they become your ~.4 children. a (f can come at any time after b) Together Unit4 . an d t he woma n has to brin g up the child ren totally o n he r own. single-parent families 4 In the future. with t he mothe r at home? It see ms tod ay t hat most child ren have 2 working mothers. discuss the st<ltemcnts below a nd choose one that you are bot h interested in. c Complete these pred ictions in your own words. then complete the paragraph below with the corroct form of the verbs. Then you get divorced peo ple who remarry and end up with seve ra l 3 Vocabulary: th e family a Complete each definition about the family with two words fro m the box. where t he cou ple d idn't get 6 married in the first place. blolliea children famil y fat her half ffl-. 1 A woman with children who works ou ts ide the home is a working mother .'Cide not to have children. marriage . which of course leads to more cri me and u nemployment. in pairs. Read out interesting messages to the class.!1. i. Which future forms do th ey usc? b Look at the ways of predicting the futu re on page 46. fat her. 1 People have children too young . they left the children with their own mothe r o r mot her3 in-law . c You arc going to write a posting about a related topic. Couples need to produce an average of 2.and these poo r child ren get totally confused... 3 Families where both parcnts work have sOllle Advantages.. Thi s. mothers stayed at home with their child ren. then write th em in the order in which we usually do these things in our lives. What has happened to t he 1 traditional fam ily. In pairs.or worse. . 3 in the fut ure. but in many countries that has fallen to below two and 1 will definitely continue (defini tely continue) to faiL In some European countries the average couple has only one child and evidence suggests that it 2 is Boine to get (get) worse as more couples dl. It is n't rig ht . Write a short posting of about 100 words.2 Grammar: predicting the fut ure a Read the fi rst paragraph of the article again. I believe that these children will grow u p with terri ble problems.lttw in-law mother parent single sister step tradit ional working 1 7 . 5 Mother..e.

if your friend had a new hairstyle and you thought it looked awful? a say "What did you do to your hair?!" b say '1l1at looks great! Which hairdresser did you go to?" c say "Sorry. but I don't think it really suits you.Friendship 1 S peaking ski lis What kind of friend are you? Choose the best a answers for you in the questionnaire below. him . but listen when he/she wants to talk Together ." if you were sharing an apartment with a friend and they never did any housework? a tell your friend they had to move out b stop doing housework yourself to make a point c talk to your friend about it and explain the probiem if your best friend started to make a lot more money and you were still almost always broke? If your friend was feeling really depressed after a relationship breakup? a feel jealous and ask your friend to pay for you all the time a stop calling your friend because he/she is atways complaining b tell your friend to call you whenever helshe wants if you were at a party with a friend and you met a really attractive person? a spend all evening with the person and ignore your friend b ask your friend if helshe minds if you spend the 'NhoIe evening with the person c invite the person to join you and your friend b see less of your friend because you don't want himther to pay for everything c suggest doing things together that don 't cost a lot of money c insist on taking your friend to parties. b Discuss your answers with a partner. Someone near " me" in the circlo is more important than those further away." your score on page 149. d In pairs. I wouldn't h ave a dose friend to confide m. What would you do . How would your li fe be d ifferent with out them? A Who's Karen? B She's my girlfriend.. Talk about the people and why they are important to you. A And Paul? B He's my best friend. It might be nice if you cut it shorter. We've been togot~er for three years and I th ink we'll get roamed some day. We play b8S~n t~ether every weekend and have a great bme. though. ask and answer question s about your circle . Do you agree? C Y and complote tho " important relattonshlps c d~~le with n amos of friends and family. Then look at . Without.

B Well. if you had to choose the most important person in your life from. Foe = enemy lIiterary word.. Now. I got married two years ago. Together T 42 Unit 4 . Right. lers sIT'( up to the age of four. A 101 of people still soy their mother for that age. caring. but we had a baby a couple of months ago. the age of fIVe to eight years old. thaI's the answer most people give. She lived just down the street . you know. for girls. and. etc.. I can't really remember. A No friends? B Yeah. my mom used to go out to work and my teacher. A Ah. 50 rd say Carlos 5ontano or Kurl Cobain. A Right. A Okay. yeah. A And would you soy he or she was the most important person in your life then? B Oh. B 50 wha t about my answers. Then put students in pairs to talk about their answers. bul if 1hod to soy right now. my mother. fo r most people real friendship begins after this period. your mother. My first real girlfriend . that's fine.. a good listener. around the age of nine or len . but I suppose after my girlfriend. Culture note A fair-weather friend is someone who is only friends with you in the good limes . "girlfriend" and then . do you have a minute? I'm doing a survey on imporlont people at different stages of our lives. bul I think we were starting 10 get more competitive. have students copy the "ME" circle on a separate piece of paper. in sports. and sports stars like Michael Jordon. 17 1 20. what do they mean? A Well. nol used commonly in speech). I lost touch with most of my friends and . I guess my little daughter is Ihe most important person in my life now. go ahead. no contes!. you see. Briefly elici t answers from the class.yeah. . soy 1 to about 16. Now how about the late teen years. irs just amazing when. if you had 10 choose the most imporlant person in your life. you know.. Now who stands out as the most imporlont person? B Well. Far Exercise 4 on page 43 ':IiI A Excuse me. Um if t hod to choose someone from that time.not a real friend. First. And I didn't have brothers or sisters. Much more imporlont A Now. no.my girlfriend. I'd soy it was my school teacher. A Thanks. what I can tell you is that your answers agree with most of the population . t think it would be the girl I used to ploy with most. Give them two or three minutes to think of the names they are going to write in their own circle. you know. who would you choose? Jusl one. Now. 2l-ish. I think I'd say I made my first real friend about that time. You know.she become a kind of mother figure. B How young? A Well. 3 B That's easy . well . and so on. A Now. I don't think so. A Well. peaple like that. A And the next most imporlont person? B You mean. 0 B Easy . Introduce the topk reliable. nothing else seemed to matter .Objectives Grammar Topic: friendship Vocabulary friendship: collocations Reading a magazine questionnaire second conditional Ustening interviews Speaking discussing friendship Set the scene by asking students What qualilies make a good friend? Elicit words and phrases like honest. thars a little mare difficult I suppose Ihars the age when you start looking for role models and I was crazy about rock slars and basketball and that kind of thing. A More importanllhan parents? B Absolutely. to when you were very young. yes. A And how about now? Howald are you if you don't mind me asking? B No... interesting. so obviously my wife is real imporlont to me. soy. A Thanks. who would il be? B Mmm. tha t's fine. definitely. Your mom again? 8 Well. when I was about five to eight? A Right B .. That's easy. strike up a friendship means start a friendship. A Oh. if you look bock to that lime. Thank you very much. 1 Speaking skills Give students fOUI or five minutes to do Exercises la and lb. I'd like you to Ihink back to when you were a teenager. I see. Well. For Exercise lc. I'm 26. B Four. A She became more imporlant? B Right .it wasn't so long ago! A Good. t'm going to ask you to think bock to your childhood. so we didn't trusl each other as much.would you soy thaI was true for you? B Welt I'm not sure.? B I don't know really.. and I'd like to ask you a couple of questions. Would that be okay? 8 Sure. or perhaps a brother or sister.

1/F8lIeI88 around Ihe world.fun / being there / something that you have to work on. explain that the following expressions are often used to "buy time. I moon = I'm going to try to explain Put students i. The oudioscript for Track 18 is on poge T42 11i. Model Exercise 3b carefully. elicit students' answers and have them compare the survey with their an swers. or past + past in both clauses. and I wish I had a new car. 3 Grammar review: second conditional For Exercise 3a..second Many languages hove the past subjunctive in hypothetical condllional clauses. Point out that this sentence needs to be followed by an adjective. Since there is no such subjunctive in English. condtianal Common problems and errofS Students confuse which form they should use in each clouse. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. Encourage them to practice using the words in Exercise 4c . 4 Listening skills Set the scene by writing on the board: porenls. would needs to be followed by an infinitive. and indicate grammatically correct answers: Friendship is . students often use would + verb in the condllionol clause as well as the main clouse. If I were rich. Here... as needed." in other words. Start students on Exercise 2c by giving them examples for the first two sentences. If someone at a party were unfriendly toward me.n pairs 10 do Exercise 4d . gerund. besl friend. ask students to underline the verbs in lhe clauses in exercise 2c. pointing out that students have to match the sentence halves and then write whole sentences. As you elicit students' answers afterwards. Their approximate meanings are listed below: sure. II is useful to help students see the similority between If I had a new car . husband/wife. Point out that were is commonly used in the first person in second conditional sentences. I would gel home sooner. Afterwards. Unit 4 T 43 Together . buying time. Ask At what stage of your life are these people mosl important? Why? Then ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks and complete the "me" column. boy/girlfriend. Ask students to listen and complete the "survey" column . in modern speech was is also used. Quick grammar gUide: . and equate the simple past with such hypothetical concepts (and the post subjunctive if used in their first language!. then complete the rules. absolutely = of course I no problem or I agree well = give me a moment before I speak you see. or sometll/·ng + that . and then ask different students to come up to the board and write one of their sentences. as in the example in sentence 2 . Play the audio again and ask students to expand the responses in Exercise 4c. I would be upset.2 Vocabulary: friendship Briefly elicit answers from the pairs for Exercises 2a and 2b. You may n eed to play the recording a second time. . they have little meaning and are used to give us thinking lime when we speak. If I w9wJ9 §fI now. Let students check their answers in pairs. However.

/ __ old friend become fr ie nds I 4 Listening skills a Who is the most important person in your life right now? Why? Has this always been the case·! Complete this table for the different times in yo ur life. when' was abollt five to eight? 5 Well. 1 a b c d e f 1 marry someone different from me.. you see. 1 Friendship is . 3 a .. My first rcal girlfriend . 7 Absolutely.If fee '»f}f /:e1. 3 If [ wanted to make new friends. or could. Sure. 6 Well. Important people in my life Age 0-4 5-8 ~ best friend .. go ahead. d Share your ideas with another pair. 1 would ... I would . 4 You mean . might. ecJ. complete each sentence with two different ideas.. no. I don 't think so.U· you weren't so demanding.. '- 3 Grammar review: second conditional a Look at the clauses in Exercise 2c and complete the rule. d In pairs... definitely.f 7mf}hl 2 die . I'm not sure . I would end the fri endship. . Survey mother girl down Ule street fi rst real friend role models first rea l girlfr iend wife unfriendly ..family friend .. 2 That's easy. 3 WdL. I would . Much more important. friendly b Add the words in the box to the diagram. (Jb. My girlfricnd. 6 One way of striking up a friendship is . 4 c .. 6 eld .~olutely. I 6 If you weren·t so demanding. I w ould marry someone different from me. 1 mean.. '- 2 If someone at a party were wlfriendly toward me. compare yo ur answers from the chart and think about the future. + would (not) + infinitive b Read about the second conditional on page 46.. you ~ c When we speak naturally we often add little words to make our speech sound more natural.. I would ...g. Then match the condition clauses with the main clauses and write sentences in the second conditional with would. 1 If my best friend lived ncar me.. end the friendship. meel more people. .od/ fri end \ --- be friends M. my mother.If I thought a friend weren 'l honesl with me. frIEnd hey once. I can't really remember. well. u'Ved neay me..2 Vocabulary: frie ndship a Add some words and phrases from the questionnaire and scores in Exercise 1 to Lhe diagram. f . 8 Easy . sec her once a week. keep friends for longer..If I weren't so shy.c. sure. 5 If my girlfriend/boyfriend did something I disapproved of... my mom used to go out to work ... Second conditional = if + simple ~. we 5 If I thought a friend weren't honest with me. I would/migh t/could make friends more easilyhneet more people..If we went out more oRen. You see . 5 b . 1 2 If I weren't so shy.. no contest. form a real " dose friend friendship iend'\.. we wouldlmight/could meet more people. Who are going to be the most important people in your life'! Together Unit 4 . I 3 If I wanted 10 get married.. you would might/cou ld keep friends for longerl make fri ends mo re easily. pairs.. Listen again and expand these responses to make them sound more natural. e. 4 If [ had a fair-weather friend. a . 4 If we went out more often.If I w anted to get married .. Can YOIl add any other words or phrases? 9-12 13-16 17-21 22-25 become friends form a friendship girlfriend real friend strike up a friendship unfriendly C [11 ~ b Listen to a survey based on the table above and complete the ·'Survey" column.. make friends Illore easily.

or aggressive (AG) language. 4 Really? Amazing. AG 4 I sec your point. A 5 Well . b Discuss th o quiz in a small group. the restaurant near the beach? Do you remember . NA c Thi nk of your famil y. lei's do it your way. NA 6 I don't mind what we do. In info rmal conversation we often leave words out. b Summarize what you have learned about yoursel f and others in your group. if you say so . I'd ask people to introduce themselves.. decide whether these expressions are assertive (A). What was the incident? I had really bad food at a res/aurnnt. Whore did it happen? II was in a pizza place in town . Write the initials ofthree or four people on the scale. but in my opinion . . It is such a pain 2 Remember last summer. using these questions. 3 Prepare a Check your answers with the key on page 149. willing to accept what others want above what you want 6 Notice a Look at these extracts from the conversation. finished ages ago. if you don 'I mind. 1 This has happened to me so many times such a pain. Where do you think you come on the scale below? Put a cross ut} at the best poi nt. A 2 Do it now! AG 3 That's a really dumb idea. assertive. non-assertive (NA). or argue with someone non-assertive assertive aggressive I b In groups. the convorsation. n on-assertive not making your opinions and desires known. Which words have the speakers left out from the underlined expressions? 1 I still havon't done the last two. Which group has the most assertive members? Unit4 Together . or non-assertive? How about Jane? 1. Explain 10 your partner. aggressive behaving in an angry or rude way. 3 Wasn't very assertive of us. a ssertive behaving and expressing ideas in a firm and confident manner 3. Done yours? Have you done yours? 2 Yeah. . When did it happen? Who wero you talking to? How did you roact? Why did you roact as you did? How did you feel afterwards? 2 Task a Take the quiz on the opposite page to fi nd out how assertive you are. That's/How amazing. b Find tho "missing" words in these examples from 2. and acquaintances.. was it? Itlfhat wasn't. 7 Follow up Look at the sit uations in the quiz. How assert ive are you compared with the other members ofyoUT group? 4 Feedback Report your group's results to the class.1 Warm up a Look at the defi nitions. often indicating that you want to fight. aggressive. .. with examples. Have you been in any of those situations? Did you assert yOUl'self or not? Discuss the situation with your partner.. friends. Which of them do you tend to say? 1 I wou ld like 10 discuss this with you. 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people completing and discussing the questionnairo. Keep a note of the other students' answers. Which questions do they discuss? b What kind of person do you think Rob is. 1 finished ages ago. why you put thorn there.. attack.

If necessary. Decide where to go together for vacation. nor... A. and 3.. Jane is assertive. Then divide students into groups of four and ask them to discuss their answers. . 3 Prepare After they have checked their answers. Rob is non-assertive. Ask students to listen and say which questions they discussed.Objectives Grammar present perfect. Afterwards. 6 Notice Read through the examples in Exerc ise lia a loud. Topic: assertiveness Reading a magazine Ustening people doing a quiz Speaking answering a question naire adverbs used with present perfect questionnaire 1 Warm up Ask students to look at the definitions in Exercise 1a and mark themselves on the scale. . Decide which film you want to see at the movies tonight. Answers: They discussed questions 1. B. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to prepare to speak. and Cs they are aggressive. . Afterwards. Decide what you are going to cook together for dinner tonight.. Additional activity Divide the class into groups of three.. ask students to write three or four sentences to summarize their findings.J or conciliatory language (1 see your point. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa . but . An assertive statement is expressed us ing polite language (I would like . elicit students' answers for Exer cise s b. PresenIo1ion alternative 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to present the group's findings. playing their roles. Bs they are non-assertive. After they hove finished. ask pairs of students to take turns asking each other about the situations. Tell the groups to discuss situation 1. The oudioscripl for Track 19 is on page T45 11 Together T 44 Unit 4 . elicit from students what the difference between an assertive and an aggressive statement is. Neither . .. change situotions and change roles.. or C. You could write the following phrases on the board to hetp students prepare their summaries: We found that whereas .. When they are ready. an aggressive statement is often short and rude. .. and . Answer: 2 Task Ask students to lake the quiz. students should make a note of each other's answers and pay special attention to the ones they have in common. J. Give each student in each group a letter. Allow 0 couple of minutes for each role-ploy situation. Then divide the class into groups pf fo ur and ask them to discuss the expressions in Exercise lb .•. Both . and then ask students to work in pairs to find the missing words in the sentences in Exercise lib. Determine which group is the most assertive. Write three situotions on the board. help them to think of a situation and of their answers to the questions in Exercise 7.. T As they are ell assertive. 2.

such a pain! I stop the car and gel out and tell them to leave the space. . the restaurant near the beach? Jane Yeah. in our Spanish closs. yes. Every day. Sut we just left it. What about number 1Wo? Rob The restaurant. I hate not knowing people's names . Rob But irs so true.. but the restaurant was very busy. Jane How are you doing? Hove you finished yet? Rob Nearly. This has happened to me so many limes . Jane Yes.remember lost summer.you find out so much about yourself. Unil 4 T 45 Together . we've both seen examples of thot . finished ages ago. me too. The food was terrible.. Jane Really? Amazing. What hove you got for number one then? Somebody's just taken your parking space . and we all sitlhere and soy nothing. I haven't checked !he key yet. right? Jane Ah. so I can't really soy. so "bo. I still haven·t done the lost two.you sow itlirst. Jane What do you do? Rob Well. Rob Okay. rd ask people 10 introduce Ihemselves. you're right. On 10 the third one.For Exercise 5 on page 44 . Done all yours? Jane Yeah.. Okay. Jane Really? rm amazed. I love dOing these things . this is a funny one . I've been in that situalion so many times. What have you found out then? Jane Well. remember? Wasn't very assertive of us! Rob No. I don·tthink irs worth ge"ing in a fight. don·t you? Rob Do you? I'm not sure. Well.. Rob Right. so I'd jus! drive off. we still don't know each othe(s names. parking.

b I suggest to the teacher that we all introduce ourselves briefly. But enough talking. You've lust joined a c s 0 twenty students Rnd you don't know anybody' name. I have an argument with them and then drive off in a bad mood. b I insist that the other driver leave the space. . . toot Well. you're probably the assertive type. but have you considered .. What do you dol a I've never heard so much garbage in my life before! b I can see what you're getting at. a Tell your friend firmly that you value your things and would like them back. ? c Yeah. anyway? '- a I complain to the waiter. a I drive off without saying anyth ing. b Tell your friend that they're behaving like a thief and you won't lend them anything else. win.Win. c. c I go around introducing myself to everyone. whereas the others normally loset Just maybe you're the aggressive type. Do you win and do they win. ( I threaten the manager with legal action . Do you usually find yourse lf losing while the others wint Then perhaps you're the non-aggressive type. b I leave it on the plate. . take our questionnaire and find out who you are. or just loseil Do you always win. . a I avoid using people's names and refer to them as "he" and "she" . Together Unil4 . What are a few books and CDs compared to friendship. Say nothing. I suppose you're right. if that's how things normally happen.n.

She's going to get manied./ Sometimes going to and the present progressive have little or no difference in meaning: What are you doing this weekend? W1lat If someone famous were coming. and arrangements Fann 4 Second conditional U . etc. real friend 4 ooe way of desCfibing a friend in a negative way fair-weather frie . If he told her he loved her. then I wouldn't go. I'd give a lot of money to poor poopl new iOb III accept it lflhey offer me a new job. I'd get 8 new job. 3 five ways of describing a friend in a positive way best friend. It is possible to use other past forms in the if clause. We use might when the result is less certain and could when there i element of ability or possibility. (Phil is unlikely to going to get 8 promotion. hea". great friend .) Fo.. John's flight arrives at 16:20.nc:jOOn ""'" fuIf"'" If you continue to amoy the dog.) We also use this conditional when the state or action in the if clause-contrary to a present fact: "I had a big house.) "I were you. I' ll probably go to Europe. (I'm not you.:. Avoid repeating the verb go when you use going to: We're going to go to the movies. I'd ask for an autograph. I'm seeing John tonight. )( We're gotJg to the movies. I'll cancel the babysitter: We can put the clauses in either order: I'll cancel /he babysitter if James Is staying at home tonight. .. lflhey offered me a new job. plans or intentions: 8 decision made before Examples I'm going to study We use the second oondiOOnal to talk about a future result or action • 's lX1IikeIy because the concition in the if clause wi probably not be fuIfitt. are you going to do this weekend? If you are IJ'lsure which form is correct." Adjectives: ftiencIY lXlfriendly Find these words or phrases from the lists above.) I think the Democrats will probably win the lfl won the lottery. S two words that suggest a romanti: friendship boyfriend . If J met Nicole Kidman. 0 em't have a big tnJse. 1 fax expressions that mean statt a fri€ndship become friends. we could move to the country.g. then she might marry him. concerts The concert starts at eight o'clock. form a friendship . strike up a friendship 2 ooe wf1'o/ of describing a person you have I<ncrM1 lor a long tine old friend ff + present. I'd accept it. win I won't + infll1itive If Malia goes to the party. schedules. intentions. Vocabulary Summary 1 Family Types of family: traditional lamiy one-parent / single-parent / step prediction that depends on a futtxe cx. prog.. (otten with time adverbialsj We're leaving tomooow. you'll pass the exam. one j. would I wouldn't + infinitive If M8Iia went to the party.:. very definite rootine or scheduled events. baSed 00 SCfl'lE!thOg we can see. O'~ had too much to eat. I 'll ask for an autograph. She might marry him if he tokJ het" he loved her... (look allhe clouds. I'll give a lot of money to poor people. appointments made. we would buy tickets for the festl'nlJ. girlfriend 3 Life stages go ~ out with a boy / have a baby ~ girl ~ get engaged ~ get married Unil4 ----------------------~ Together have mon3 children ~ get divorced . and other modal verbs (usually might or could) in the main clause: +""'" the tine 0 1 speakKlg definite plans: tickets medicine. then I won 't go.. Frs! conditional - on past evidence (often election. I'd be much happier. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning of the sentence. 4 11 / I / meet / Nicole Kidman I I /ask / autograph If I meet Nicole Kidman . They aI'Nays do \AIhen the economy is bad.) I'm going to feel bad tonight. he wiD bite you. U. close friend .-e Simple present "esent booked.e. I'd probably go to Europe." If + past. I'll accept it. The first conditional predicts a Mure result dependent on a future condition: If you wert hard. lcimity Family members: workJ:"'9 mother step mother / fathef I brother I sister han brother I sister mother / father I brother / sister~in-Iaw 2 Friends and friendship 3 First conditional Collocations with adjective + noun: best friend cbse friend fai'weather friend good friend geat friend old friend real friend _ Collocations with verb + noun: be friends become friends lorm 8 friendship keep friends make lriends strike up a friendsr'Compound nouns: frierdship boyfriend gI1friend "- Us.RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Future plans. with think and adverbs such as definitely. Fo. first conditional and one in the second conditional. '-1 If II go / abroad next year I I /probably go / Europe If I go abroad next year. 3 If I they I offer me I <J 2 Predictions about the future Fonn Use Examples gXlg to + verb predictioos for whK:h we have eVdenoe rv::m. e. good friend. I. use gohg to. Make two complete sentences from each set of prompts. or feel at the time of speaki"Ig will / won't + verb personal opinions about the future and predictions based It's goilg to rail. the Republicans will win. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning ' the sentence. No. It is possible to use other present forms in the if clause of a first conditional: If James is staying a/ home tonight.: " Phil got 8 promotion. ""--' 2 If I I /win I lottery I I I give 18 lot of money / poor people U I win the lottery. -We can put the clauses in either order. make friends. U I went abroad next year.

e..~ .gns of this cYiSiS bxw. /.ren!. o ---' Ll. Rrst. 2 The conclusion summarizes the main points dOCuSS6d.--'.on. many pe<Jf/.d 1m. b Check your answers with the teacher. .J o 0. the language. ~. of the essay are discussed here...famulies 10 _k Iogdher 10 strengthen /:.ia!. . _ . 'WIticA famuL}! kes can be 5trengt/Jened.z o C) A discursive essay 1 Thinking about the main topic In a discursive essay.." -ve'1f ''''f'J>'Ia. is true tfuJ1 there are a td of pessures on.. b Compare your answers and justify your chOice. Farst of aJl.f blunk J. the main body of the essay. .It " the. It is true that .:'/'t. Expressing other people's opinions Agreeing with other opinions Disagreeing with other opinions or a situation Some people saylbelieve tha1 .eiy OpiniDrlS. discuss this question: D:J you think the tradition8l fam!ty unit is in danger? Why? / Why not? ~<K1 REVIEW Review your action plan: figuring out t he meaning of new w ords In pairs. aYe st. &n.h..enimg IS a great sI<..cf. d is 'W'I'On. Here are some possible essay titles: LMng in a small family is better than living in a big one. ~yS of the famuly sMu1d re5p«l wd.cn.p:Jrtan/. Which title is the besl one? 3 Organizing a discursive essay This type of essay is usually organized into three parts: the introduction. . . Step 4: Read the drall and focus on improving the organization of ideas. • Jina1Ly. "Very few Yf'41Ly an: .tn:J. ~r fuu a ngN 10 e-:r. 1:0 t.:y. It also introduces the main idea of the essay in one sentence that can either come near the beginning or the end of the paragraph. main body. 'n = ..-c1»:t. . and a senSe of ye~ . the famuLy Wiay and ..e cl..i!L wIu. 2 Respect is the key to the preservation of the family.. 3 5ecortd. inm-ves Bi"Ve and I:ak.. Step 3: Write a draft version. AliAo«gh wd.. fqr. Socond.. cI. ~ I"~~):.heiy ~S ..cen CQm. 1 50me 1 The pwp(.. For example. . o. ~ >- 1 The fut ure of the traditional family is under threat. Being rich does not guarantee happiness.1n .S and ciuuben should Want 1:0 Wt:en 1:0 each ci/wy. Step 5: Write the final version of the essay._ _ _ _ _ ! _~e:r<:tVt: oiLgalums 'n the family. ["Ven 1:Jwugh.~.e and this ~ of c.-eaf. then.ety 10 disappw. Although To sum up..>----. and the conclusion. the~ " the ~ of fyudgm and -..a/. . and conclusion.ey.~--' . in fi/l:y years (JY SO tile 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly wJl k <kep T/.. professional. b Under1ine the main idea of the essay in the introduction and in the conclusion. ~--..ey saw tf.h.wmkr of things thd can 6e d./ agree /:hal.ieved th.ch. .aJue IS "Very i?>!fXJrl.i"Ve 4 Using fixed phrases in an essay a We use many fixed phrases In writing formal essays.. Of personal reasoos.J > Ll.hem is a th. fO/rl'li. Together Unit4 . Jiyfl of aiL.b..m 1:0 k groi Wt:e-n. why not 'Mile one? Here are some basic steps: Step 1: Look carefully at the title and brainstorm ideas.CYeaSe in stngtepa. However.I ieliew thd d is im. Step 2: Organize your ideas into paragraphs. in about 250 words.s in 5cn>Ie pa-ds of the wrJrtd. -values sucf.in 7If:}f op:nam. .. f ~ IAalthe famuly " lJ<.:i GMng examples to support your argument Usting your points Expressing contrasts between two ideas Making conclusions 5. 3 The introduction provides the reader with the general direction of the essay.:... tfus is 6ed adl. . ...t:me to imprcrve ~s wIlkn the famuly . The arguments for or against the main dea. Note: you will have to discuss your essays/discursive essays at the end of Unit 5....Y main body can be made up of two or more paragraphs.Ctzl:i. Answer 2 is the best title. Say how you figured out lhe meanings. 3 The dangers facing the fam ily's survival can be prevented. to tmk at ~s in.e c!turm tha/. paYe:n). Jtaweny._~:~_ . compte1eLy.stru..ai. the writer argues for or against a main point of view. Before you read an example of a discursive essay.e. d/. compare your answer with the model on page 149. as msped.e:rs OY far th.cd. It is not true that ..{y and firmLy.ance I. b When you have fi nished . and the punctuation. ' . Technology has made life today easier.YOU.anl in a happy famuly.isYesped.*.. a RII in the blanks in each of the definitions below vvith introduction. Study the list below and then add at least one example from the essay to each category. It restates the main idea of the essay and often finishes with the personal opinion of the writer. I believe that .e. .pess their 'ViewS clea.Idh. 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly Iaiay . fay dh. Function Expressing the writer's opinion Examples In my view. . - ~ ~ ~ &:II: 2 Thinking about the main idea a Look al these three titles for the essay below and then read it. complete paragraph 4 in the essay on the lell.. show each other and talk about the important new words you learned from the reading texts in Unit 4 . 5 Applying what you have learned a In pairs.9 to sIww d. m'e a n..'V(JYCeS and the .muni. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: writing a discursive essay If this type of essay is important to you for academic...e nu-mUr of di.Ys..

ad-.g. or both? washing mach ine paper clip dishwasher water cooler annchair answering machine food processor ironing board alarm clock hole puncher dishtoweI fi ling cabinet correct ion fluid slicky notes photocopier mouse pad cutting board fax machine ft"s the thing 11"0 use at home I in the offi ce fo r . discuss these questions. In grou ps. Is the stress on the firs t or second word·~ washing machine paper clip dishwasher ~ b Li ston and check your answers. plastic 6 Plastic is the perfect recyclable material. 1 Society today uses a lot of traditional materials in the home and office.. found by accident 3 Parkes found that collodion turned into a solid if it was ex posed to i!. in tho office. Others are soft or malleable 5 Planes have carried radar machines since radar was invented. 1 a small pieco of bent wire that we usc for holding pieces of paper together paper clip 2 small pieces of paper with glue on the back that are used for sticking notes on other papers and surfaces slicky notes 3 a white liquid used for covering mistakes in somothing you are writing r.....ir.g 7>Ii1du.ing verb Irs a kind of machine 10 piece of equipment that . Say these compound nouns to yourself. USEFUL LANGUAGE USEFUL LANGUAGE 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects a In pairs. UnitS Eureka ! .. Wh ich items can be found at home.2 Pronunciation : stress on compound nouns a Compound nouns are made of two words. What are these objects made of? What do you think is the mosl common material we use today? b Read the article quickly and check your answers. mouse pad. • •• • • • water cooler armcha ir answering machine c Write fl defin it ion of an object from Exercise lb (or choose your own) . Write a title for the article.. e.f' Yl:ng . heat 4 plast ics arc hard and durable. 1 What informat ion about plastic was !lew to you? 2 What plastics do you use in your everyday life? 3 Do you profer plastic or natural materials? Why? c Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. read tho descriptions of usefu l.tion fluid 4 (1 flat surface that you put under a computer mouse so that it can move smoothly mouse pad 5 a contai ner that stores and chills drinking water water cooler b Put tho words from the box below in the table. 3 Reading skill s a Look at the pictures with the article on the opposite page. new/modern/plastic 2 Inven tors spent a long li me trving to fin d the fi rst plast ic. everyday What do you call that stuff/thins 1I"t' use for + .i118 verb? inventions and guess what they arc. J. . . Some. Use the pictures and the li sl in Exercise lb to help you.-ne dishwasher armchair food processor ironing board a lann clock dishtowlli cutting board ""'" """'" photocopier fax machine 7tII1Ck-ne filing cabinet mouse pad paper clip hole puncher correction fluid sticky notes ans. not a perfect Home Office Both au. d In groups. read ou t the deflll itions for other students to guess the objects. 's a small gadget/device/machine thaI ..orrer. Read Ihe a rticle again and correct them. usi ng at least two of those words: invontion material accident importa nt most durable fortunate li fe-changing history c These statemen ts all contain factual errors..cn.

pairs 10 teillhe doss who! they chose. lind remind them to use the phrases in the Useful La nguage boxes. Check. Many of the words in the text are descriptive adjectives. They should correct the mistakes and then look back at the relevant part of the text to find the answers and check their changes. Have students copy the table in Exercise lh into their notebooks and then work in pairs to complete it. meaning by asking students to use the adiectives to describe obiects in the classroom. Divide the class into groups of four to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 3d. Ask students to listen and check their answers. tough". Give them a time limit of four minutes.an eraser. Let students chock thoir answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. In English. The strong stress In each case is on the first syllable of the first word. rubber bond. Briefly review the answers with the class. Ask students to find them in the text.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventions Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading third conditional everyday objects stress on compound nouns a magazine article Speaking hypothesizing Put students in pairs. r. students take turns reading their definitions aloud and guessing the objects. long-lasting soft silky '" soft and smooth like silk light heavy The oudloscrlpl for Track 20 is on poge T49 ~ Eureka! T 48 Unit 5 . read the words in each column aloud and ask.nd five interesting inventions . a fax machine may be found in both homes and offices. between Ihem. etc. Answers will vary. splitting the original pairs. strong rubbery hord durable". Ask students what plastiC objects they can see in the classroom. As you elicit answers from the closs. poper clip. Answers: All the objects in the pictures are made of plastic. for example. Remind them to use the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. In their groups. Play the audio for Exercise 2b. Ask a lew. the stress is always on the firs! word of compound nouns. Which one does the class think is Ihe most useful invention? 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects Have studcnts work in pairs to match the descriptions in Exercise 1a to tho objects. students to repeat after you. •• Pronunciation check 2 Pronunciation: stress on compound nouns Have students say where the main stress is in the compound nouns in Exercise 2a. Tell them thol they have one minute to 1001:: in their purses and pockets and. with the exception of a 'form clock ond co 'rrection fluid. 3 Reading ski lls Have a brief class discussion. Make sure both students write. teads directly into the pronunciation focus of the next exercise. •• A good way to manage Exercise 2c is to put students in pairs to write definitions. Then divide the class into groups of four to six. Note: Students may disagree with somo of the answers listed. This check. Suggested tiUes: The most important invention in history A fortunate and li fe-changing accident The most d urable malerial in history Have students work in pairs to correct the statements in Exercise 3c. Tell students to skim the article in order to do Exercise 3b. eliciting student answers to the questions in Exerc ise 3a. ond why they think these ore useful inventions. hard.

it is a good idea to go around the closs monitoring and noting down errors. m onitoring students and taking notes on any common mistakes you hear. Let students check their answe rs in pairs before as king individuals to come to the board to write their sentences.tt LA 4 Grammar: third conditional Have students work in pairs to answer the chock questions in Exercise 4a and complete the rule in Exercise 4b. clause. Parkes wouldn't hove discovered plastic if he weIMlR'! /. where students are trying to use a complex structure in a fluency actiYity. washing machine paper clip dishwasher water cooler armchair onswering machine Unil5 T 49 Eureka! . and then ask students to rew rite the sentences. Review the rules and the form. For Excrciso 2 on page 48 11. AI the end of the activity. If your students find it difficutl to be imaginative. Then put them in groups of four to discuss the questions. Go around tho class and help. Quick grammar guide In many languages there are structures similar to the third conditional in both farm and meaning. w~---------------. wrile three or four errors you heard on the board . go over the example carefully. write a few random phrases on the board a t the start 01 the activity which they might use to help them form sentences.without saying who mode them. In Exercise 4d. For example: work hard to do have more!less free lime wash/walch/listen to/use hod to been able to more/less healthy more/less Ihings In on aclly/ty like this one. Ask the class to correct them. Walk around the room.19\'8 !eft his collodion near heat. Common problems and errors Using would in both clauses instead of just in the if. or cooditional. Don't interrupt students talking in groups iuSI note down errors with the third condilional that they make. 5 Speaking skills -Conection guide Give students a few minutes to look at the questions and think of answers. 5tudents often try 10 reflect the subjunctive by using would + have + past participle in the conditional clause as well as the main clause. The main problem with the third conditioool in English is remembering to get all the parts right. which has no equivalent in English. Same languages use a compound subjunctive structure In the ifclouse.

kill thousands of fish and other marine animals every year. it came aboul through a very fortunate accident. ~ . ~ he htut. Because some plastics are resistant to extremes of heat and cold. At about the same rime. very durable and.:t h wouldn't havc becomc a profossor at MIT. However. gradually rot. clothes that you're wearing.'t disintegrate break up. strong.ollodion malleable 1 ~ the Web . was launched in l862. Replacement bod y parts are even made from plastic today! We obviously need this material. The first plastic. have been d ifferent for your great grand parents (Circa 1920s) with these invcntions? washing machines TV video I DVD . easily moldable substances. durable plastics.'}j. which was conunonly used in film ~ making.L. Just look around you .everything these days. soft. and discarded plastic can be d angerous. and discovered that the liquid had tumed into a tough. + 1!:!mM + have + pust parliclple (. from grocery bags and children's toys 10 furniture. Plastic bags thrown into the sea. for example. Imagine carrying a pack of fo ur twoliter glass bottles hom e from the supermarket. Just think. Plastic is used in just about -.how many of the things in your home or Jffice.lQLQf ~ . a lot slower.ff 7i:m. Parkesinc. Chuck your a. went to his medicine cabinet o ne day to get some collodion. technological d evelopment would have been a lot slower. to stop bleedi ng call (. are made of materials we didn't know 150 years ago? What. light and safe. ' ' 2 If Isaac Newton hadn 't sat under the ap ple tree 4 Grammar: third conditional a Look at thi s scntcn(.. and in the no t~too-dista nt furure about 40". of plastic may be recycled.p~st . which he realized was a reaction to heat. .dn. before then radar machines were roo heavy. the H yatt brothers in the United States im'ented a similar substance that they called cellulo id. b Find a similar sentence in the article and <:amplete this rulo for the third conditional.Ientisis wouldn't havll created a tomic weapons.Recent history has seen countless new inventions that have changed the lives of most people on this planet. How wo uld your life have been different if you'd boen born 50 yoars ago? 2 How would life. is the most common material in your environment? "Jur lives would have been vcry different if plastic had not come along 150 ycars ago. wouldn 't a t?ml ~ weapons have SCientists created S(. and it was o nly with the d evelopment of light plastics that radar could be fined to planes. they have facilitated the development of things as diverse as kitchen equipment and the space shuttle.'t CYeaf:ed the Y"e6 he ha'"re ~ a ~ at 'JrLJr. ~ and cars.If Tim Dem ers Lee lli!.stcin hadn't d iscovered relativity. 4 Did Parkes d iscover the first plastic? Yes If Al exander Fleming hadn't discovered penicillin. in a papcr bag! But it can take up to 100 years for plastic to d isintegrate. but like many inventions. wouldn't ~ havc llil d iscovered he wouldn't have discovered 8ravity.!!. discuss those questions.di!lli llillild a lot of people would have died. an Englishman.. c 'IHJI&:i'}j. he wouldn't have become the nches! man in the world.{. silky fabri cs.o from the article and answer the questions. if we could develop a plastic that was 100% recyclable. the Internet modern medicine . computers.llswur with the Grammar Summary on pagu 56 . 1 3 If Ein. Alexander Parkes. Since those early days m any different plastics have come into existence: hard. 1 If + . we really wo uld have found the " wonder sruff"! GLOSSARY d Rowrite thu sentences by putting the underli ned words and phrases in the correct order. Plastics are extremely useful because they arc cheap to produce. In fact. 2 Was techno logical development s low? No 3 Arc the events in the sentences in the past or 4 present? Past Can we change the facts? No 5 If Bill Gales had nol started Microsoft Microsoft If slarted Bi!l Gates hill1 llQ1. tools you're using.. If Parkes hadn't discovcred that fi rst plastic. If Parkes hadn 't disco vered that first plastic technological development would have bee. or disappear .. liquid used ill medicine. rubber y material. in comparison with glass./liLr/Jl!. ma rc and more people arc recycling. 5 Speaking skills In grou ps. malleablc.honge shope easi ly (.

in Switzerland . otmecs grow cocoa ma!fas drink cocoa 1511 choc went -7 Spain + Pori sotui choc famd. 6'g choc eaf. according to American researchers at the University of California. which means "bitter water" .) 1 Reading skills a In groups. leave out articles.and with no added milk. S Since then . Cocoa soon became fashionable in Spain and Portugal. chocolate has grown enormously in popularity. etc. it should be eaten in small quantities . James Baker and John Hanan opened the first chocolate mill in the United States. Paragraph 1 the popularity of other Paragraph 2 choc good foy !fou . The researchers have discovered that cocoa acts like aspirin and that eating a bar of chocolate once in a while may contribute to a healthy diet. In the 17th century. In 1876. Chocolate contains substances called flavonoids that can help maintain a healthy heart and good circulation. Daniel Peter had the idea of adding milk in the chocolate-making process and produced the first milk chocolate. incredible chocoholic someone who is addicted to chocolate Unit5 Eureka! . The Spanish were the first to add sugar to their cocoa drink. 2 But who first discovered this wonderful way of keeping healthy? The Olmec Indians of Mexico and Central America were the first to@Jow cocoa beans. 1765 Baker ~ Hanan lsi choc. (Remember to use abbreviati ons. discuss the questions.c Read the article once morc and underline the import ant details. a Swedish scientist renamed cocoa theobroma or "food for the gods" . a delegation of Mayan nobles visited Philip of Spain and gave him jars of cocoa as a gift. The word chocolate comes from the Nahuatl word xocolatl. discuss these questions. In 1765. not only as a drink but also as a medicine. Chocolate has also been shown to release endorphins in the body: these chemicals help to reduce pain and stress and make you feel happy. One of the biggest chocolate-eating nations is Britain where the average man. Can you add an ything to improve you r partner's notes'! c In groups. chocolate was becoming fashionable with the middle-classes. woman. chocolate is the number one comfort food and there are more "chocoholics" in Britain than anywhere else in the world. and child eats a staggering nine kilos of chocolate a year! In fact. Then complete these notes wit h those details.has fta'VGnoids. mill in US U K. 4 By the middle of the century. Researchers warn that although chocolate is good for you . look at yo ur notes. • healthy heaM + gd circularn OY'fJ"ns of choc. In 1753. introducing chocolate to the average citizen. GLOSSARY circulation the movement of blood around the body staggering amazing. how much chocolate do you eat? Are you a chocoholic? 3 When do people eat ch ocolate? Why do they like it so much? the origins of chocolate SCIENTISTS SWEET OVERY! 1 Good news for chocoholics: the treat preferred by millions all over the world is good for you. Then read 'Paragraph I the article and check your answers. a r . in about 1500 Be. wh y not? 2 If you do. and the Mayas were drinking unsweetened cocoa hundreds of years before it became fashionable in Europe. solid chocolate was becoming familiar. 3 In 1544.ptg counh-:/' Bril'n '>--1-- Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 forms of chocolate chocolate spreading to Europe how chocolate may be good for you the most "chocoholic" country in the world d In pairs. 1 Do you eat chocolate? If not. 1 Is chocolate good or had for you? It's good in small quantities 2 How was chocolate first Ilsed? As a drink 3 Which country has the most "chocoholics"? Britain 'PaYag Yaph J 'Paragyaph 1 b Read the article again and match each paragraph with a short summary.

tasty dishes.and adults . Anyway .. Comfort foods do taste good too bad they usually have a high fat content Host 50 they're comforting. I'm sure that you'll be showing us the way with your new TIl series. asking students which words they would underline. and another is a thick meat stew . you know .. after a long day at school or who! Mom served when we were siCk. sugar. we all have our own favorite comfort foods . We have to teoch them to cut down on fat-filled processed foods. with meat and really fatty.but of course people used to have a much more active lifestyle and could burn off all those calories. but I bet there's not as much fat in a good stew or meat pie as in some stuff people eat today. something hot and very filling. Host ..-..Objectives Vocabulary describing foad Topic: food Reading a magazine article Ustening interview with a TV chef Speaking discussing foods and diets Write on the board: chocolale cocoa milk sugar bitler drink solid xocolotl chocoholic Ask students whot the words hove in common.. Answers will vary.. healthy diet. good circulation. For Exercise 3 on page 51 !II Host Well. tends to be meat. Host But I must soy. comfort foods tend to be ones we associate with Mom and Grandma. chunky. like burgers and those with high sugar and salt content.s. Irs comforting. For mony students. Underline (or write in a list on the boordl: good for you. Point out the abbreviation.and that we get more heart diseose and other problems related to dietl II makes me mod. Moll. our ideas of what's healthy have changed. you know? Host Whoa! I think we get the picture... chocolate is a great comfort food ~ sweet sticky.irs scary. Have them write their notes on a separate piece of paper.----. When you see families eating so much garbage today... You see. and check with a parlner. When we get older.. complete the note for :2. Then ask them to do the some for paragraphs 3... ask them to exchange their notes with a partner and make additions. what will comfort food of the future be? Candy bors and bags of chips? You know. acts like aspirin.. Host Irs a bit of a cliche.. Then ask students to underline key phrases in paragraph :2.. Matt ThaI's so right . feel happy. Matt your baked chocolate cheesecake has just come in at the top of our vie'vVel"S' "best comfort food" poll. Ask students to read the article to check their predictions.. and fewer carbohydrates.. Presentation alternative 21i'-.s. - Eureka! T 50 Unit 5 . .-. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Have students discuss the pre-reading questions in Exercise In in small groups. Write healthy heart + gd circularn on the boord. Then ask students how they would complete the note for paragraph 1. After students have done Exercise le.good heartening meols with lots of calories . Why doesn't the government do something to stop kids eoting so much fost food and soft drinks packed with sugar? Why are soft drinks and snack machines allowed in schools? Why doesn't the government pressure the food industry into cutting down on the dongerousry high levels of fat.and irs what I wanted to come bock to. then elicit answers.comfort food . or want to f~ kind of taken care 01. Well. is meatloof. and 5. we like flavors fram the past. and we encourage people to eotless fat today. Congratulations! Matt Thank you... um . comfort foods are what we ate at Grandma's house. everyone. gravy.. 4. things with lots of butter.. A good way of handling Ihis activity is 10 go through the first paragraph as a class first.. Matt I suppose it depends on each person. healthy heart.. creamy . starting next week. Plus. yeah. I've always thought of comfort food as salty. here in the U. you know.-. and so many of them are really ovel"VoJeight .the food we eat when we're upset or depressed. too Host I see. One of the top comfort foods in the u. Encourage lots of speculation. that something chocolatey comes in first? Why is that? Matt Well.. but not very healthy? Matt They used to be thought of as healthy . I'm honored. release endorphins. flavanoids. you look at kids today.-. even if Mom and Grandma never cooked anything that didn't come out of a con i Matt I'll come back to thaI. Thanks very much for . and salt in foods? trs not surprising that you see 011 these fat kids . potatoes. Ask students to read the article again and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise 1b. Put students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l e. good wholesome food.-. notetaking is a challenging skill to acquire. reduce pain and stress. isn't it.really hot.

Ask studonts to listen lind check their predictions. Don'l add a /01 of sugar or salt 10 food. using words in the Useful Language and the Language Note boxes. The audiascripl for Tra ck 21 is on page TSO II. very tasty food. milk. rice Fats: buller. chicken. t ·· ~ 3 Listening skill s Ask students about "comfort" food : IV/wi is it? Elicit examples of types of "comfort" food: chips. find out whether the class generally thinks we should improve the healthiness of our d iet or whether they think it's okay. legumes. milk. fish. chocolale. upset. bu ild up a list of ways of improv ing our diet: Suggested ways of improving ou r diet Cu i down 011 fasl food. Ask students in pairs to discuss tho words in Exercise 3b and together predict which ones they will hellr in an intervi ew about "com fort'· food. We cat "comfort" food when we are depressed. Suggested answers: Carbohydrates: hread. jam Vitamins and minerals: fruit. sick. Afterwards. oil Fiber: green vegetables. If students aro not sure about the answers. yogurt In Exerdse 2b. play the audio aga in. etc. 0011'1 snuck belw(J(Jn meals. 4 Speaking skill s Ask st udents to read the opinions in Exercise 4a and decide which ones th ey agree with <1l1t1 why. ask students to work in pairs 10 describe foods. pasta. cal more frui l and vegetables. st ressed. Thon put student s in small groups to toll ono another their opinions. cookies. legumes Protein : butter. Unit 5 T 51 Eureka! . red meat Sugar: honey. Play the audio fo r Exercise 3c. Suggested answers: "Comfort" food is food that makos us foel good . Then ask them to tell their partner aboullheir typical diet in Exercise 2e. As groups report their answers. eggs. yogurt. Eot a I'aried diel . End this part or the lesson by having two pairs of studen ts combine to form a group of four and discuss the queslions in Exercise 2d .•• 1i ffi 2 Vocabulary: describing food Ask students to work in pairs to match foods and nutrients in Exercise 2a . etc. Ask students to complete the blanks in Exercise 3d and the n check with a partner. bored. or food Crom our childhood. Find out which foods they th ink am the most healthy and which are the least healthy. elici t ans wers from students. On the board. cake.it cou ld be food like chocolate and candy. or it cou ld just be our favori te food. potatoes. green vegetables.

which results in a population that is 7 oVt:rweight and suffers from problems such as 8 heart disease . ' Most chips are high in fat alld salt.! .g. 1011' in :>(/It I sllgor . l lowever.3 Listen ing skills a You are guing tu listen to an interview with a TV chefflbout "comfort food". Listen again and complete this summary of the interview. but it tends to be 2 hot and fi lling. They're full of vitalllins. Which types 01' food in the box be low do you assodflte with them? Food nutrients: cflrhohydffltes fats fiber protein Sllgflf vitamins and minefflls bread butter chicken eggs fish fruit green vegetables (e. beans. there is a lot more fat and 6 sugar / sail in much uf the processed food we eat toda y. \'Vrite olle wurd or phrase ill each bhulk. c Do yotl have a hea lthy diet? Make a note of what YOIl eat on a typical day and discuss it ill p<lirs. d In groups . What kind of food do you think this is? When do you think we eat it? b Look at the words and phrases in the bux.. rich in vitamins / protein / iro n . .I LANGUAGE NOTE We say a foo d is high / /011' in or full of something. using the Useful Language below. 2 We do not have an active lifestyle today. high in millcm/s / c(lrbuh yd m tes . and the y are often dishes we assor.ifltc with ollr mom and 4 . . If we say a food is rich ill somothing. USEFUL lANGUAGE 4 Speaking skills . We usually eflt comfort foods when we fcol 3 upset/depressed . it is alwa ys positive: Liver is rich in iron. Check the ones you think you will hear in the interview. They usually have a high 5 fat content and may be thought of today flS unhealthy. 5 The food industry shou ld cut down 011 fat flnd Sfllt in food.~ tarchy X i:> f IlII of f at / sail / S Ug (lf / fi ber . cabbage. spinach) honey jam milk oats oil pasta pot<.1 The chef ill the interview has the following opinions. discuss these questions. fatty / oily I . 3 People often eat garbage todny. lentils) red mea t rice yogu rt b Look at the foods in the picture and describe two of them.ltoes legumes (e.It this list of nutrients ill food. 4 The government should do someth ing to stup children from eating junk food. Look <. 2 Vocabulary: describing food a Chocolate tastes so good because of its combination of sugar and fat. 1 What balance of foods makes healthy diet? 2 Is obesity a problem in your count ry? Why / Why not? Is it worse thiHl twenty years flgo? 3 Is obesity in children a problem? b Can you think of olher ways of improving people's dieU . cnrbohydra te V fat content V fruit and vegetables fiber grandma V healthy V low in calories mefltloaf v overweight V potatoes V sour sweet V Listen to the interview and check your answers..~ olty / sllgmy / creamy / healthy / unhealthy / . Do you agree with him? Why? I WilY not'l 1 We associate comfort foods w ith all!' childhood. These can be positive or negative: Eat your vegetable.g.grandma . \Vhat we think of as comfort food depends on each 1 person/individual.

the King and Queen soon I i saYln. other commo~.g there had been a mistake. l ID 2m 3 !!!l 4m 5 1!:) became a sailor at an early age and had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made famous voyage in 1492.00 ml e . Columbus: I known reason for this Voy~ge Of course . ed the Americas. 5 Columbus died in poverty. V' 1 Where was Columbus born and misedY 2 When did he leave his native country'! ict V 3 What were the reasons for the "voyage 4 5 V6 7 8 of discovery" in 1492? Who sponsored ColumbllS on his voyage of 1492Y Where exactly did he land at the end of the voyage? What were the reasons for the second and third voyages? What was the percentage of women traveling to the New World in 1498? What was the reason for his death in 1506Y c In pairs... We do know that he sailed in part to fulfill a religious quest: he saw his journey~ a fulfillment of a divine plan for his life. of ~serendipity". however. He was a I I nch man at the time of his death.l Islands (now part of IndoneSia). There is. 5 He when he unexpect d had sailed for 3. Unit 5 E ureka! . What was in question. GLOSSARY serendillity when something valuable is disco\'ered by luck quest a search for something Everyone knows the name of Christopher Columbus.its circumference.'as with any historical icon. On his third voyage in 1498. and the Italians claim he was from Italy. and Columbus was By. He made two further voyages before the er of the century. in fact. The Spanish say he was from Spain. Can you answer any ofthe othersY If not. ask and answer the questions you checked in Exercise 2b. In 1". decide if these common beliefs about him <lrc true or false. some evidence that he was born in 145 Genoa. with a crew made up mainly of experienced sailor" from the area. try to find out the answers. thiS time. QUI~IIY at the age of 55 in Valladolid..01d baCk. . Spain . 6 No women traveled to the New World with Columbus. in a Spanish prison. - h~~. and he was unable to send a of 9. Then decide on the correct order of the paragraphs. Columb'os didn't sail to the Americas in order to find out whether the Earth was round: at the end of the 15th century almost everyc knew it was a sphere..-. However.. Contrary to popular belief. he ha -~ edly discover 0 .'2 .. there are as many myths as truths about the man. 2 Rea d ing skills a Read the paragraphs about Columbus quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1. 2 Columbus began his journey in order to win glory and riches. st The discovery of the New them by sailing west rather th~n ea . "'-" i third voyage w. he also took women 10 the New World.as not a happy one for Columbus. in chains. Take. b Which of these questions does the article answer? Check (. Columbus was not a well man and he diF' .. 4 There is no doubt that Columbus was of Italian descent. 1500. the disagreement about his Some people say he was a converted Jew.y for a new route to the Sr'''e was that Columbus was I~ In~nd he believed he could rt.. on May 20 1 In hiS ~wn apartment attended by family and friends. was the size of the earth .. ch~lns. so he was arrested and re turned to Spain ' .. and.~ea~~:~n ~~e East Indies. 3 Tht! crew of the three sh ips on the voyage of discovery was made up mainly of criminals. which is now part of I art Columbus left on the voyage of discovery from the south of Spain.. traveling . fore a claSSIC case d n World was there .Serendipity - 1 Speaking skills How much do you know about Christopher Columbus? In groups. taking Europeans across to colonize the new lands. for example.I) those questions. "I settlers rebelled against him. 1 Columbus set out to prove that the earth was round.

reveal any truths at this stage. To find the size of the Earth and to fu lfill a religious quest. Answers: They are all false . LeI students check in pairs before sharing their answers with the class.Columbus . and then ask students to match each word in A with its synonym in B. disc uss with the whole class whether the ··beliefs·· in exercise 1 are true ur false.. When sludents report back to the class. A reach joumey find set sail go back B discover leave voyage return arrive lin/atl Culture note Additional activity Inote: a voyage is a journey by seal Eureka! T 52 Unit 5 . grew up. Ask students Whol is the {uckiesllhing fhol has ever happened to yoU? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Pu t students into groups of four 10 discuss the "common beliefs" in Exercise 1. Write the words from the text below in two lists on the boord. died. Ask students what grammatical clues might help order paragraphs in a story: use of the post perfect: use of before and affer: use of shortened forms and pronouns . Ask students to lell you what difference. find Oul whether they know any other facts aboul Columbus. At the end of the first voyage. t .was born. To take Europeans to colonize the new lands. if any. etc. remind them to refer to the Glossary. Answers: In the text: He was born in Genoa. A good way to start the task is to ask studenls 10 read the first line of each paragraph very quickly ond tell you which paragroph has to be the first.Christopher Columbus . Briefly discuss students' answers with the class. Ask students to put a checkmark next to the questions in Exercise zb that the article answers. Student answers will vary. 2 Readi ng skills Set II time limit of five minutes and tell students thaI they have to read very quickly in order to put the paragraphs in order. Presentation alternative - Ask students what clues they might find in a biography that will help them put paragraphs in order: order of dotes: order of life events . there is between the words they have matched. Columbus was sponsored by Ferdinand V and Isabella of Spain. This task can be very time-consuming unless students know how to approach it Plan to spend a little time preparing students for the task. Then pili students ill pairs 10 ask and answer the questions. As students work on Exercise 2a . Afterwards.Objectives Grammar Topic: the story of Christopher Columbus Reading a biographical article Writing a short story Speaking discussing myths about Columbus past perfect simple and prog ressive Write serendipi/y on the board and explain thol it means when something valuable is discovered by luck. he landed in what is now the Bahamas before soiling on to whal ore now Cuba and Haiti . There ore many words in the text connected with travel.he. but don'.

4d Columbus was anxious to travel because he had been reading about Marco Polo.. then pass the piece of paper. Go through the example carefully in Exercise 3d . there had been a mistake The clause with the simple past happens first in time.. Then ask students to read the story and fill in the blanks with words from exercise 4a. ask students to write the sentences on the board and underline the past perfect forms. Ask students to write the story and then exclHlIlge it with a partner. Answers: 8 Columbus . Then ask. Afterwards.. extinguish Ask students what they think the short story in Exercise 4b might be about.000 miles. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their note books and then work in pairs to complete it. Answers: 2e Cohunbus was impatient to set off because he'd been thinking about this voyage for years. sb Columbus felt depressed because tbe Portuguese king bad refused to help him. Point out another use of the past perfect in the Language Note. and then ask them to use the questions in Exer cise 4c to help them make notes. Uni15 T 53 Eureka! . Ask s1uden ts in pairs to choose the correct answer in Exercise 3b.. have students work in pairs to find past perfect sentences in the article. They have to use a connecting word in the sentence. Common problems and errors The form of the post perled progressive is long and complex. using a connector. C .. and then ask students to make sentences. Presentation alternative Introduce the shon story in exercise 4b and pre-teach vocabulary by writing the following phrases on the board and checking their meaning: off-duty (firefighter) = not working grab (0 fire extinguisher) = toke hold of suddenly a burning smell smoke put out a fire". he had been sailing for three weeks and had sailed for 3. Ask one person from each group to read their best story aloud. Students will make a variety of errors and will need plenty of practice. You could let students compare their notes with those of a partner before they write their stories. Students should pass on their pieces of paper so thaI each story goes around their group twiceresutting in four eight-line slories per group.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive In Exercise 3a . Let students check their answers in pairs before you ask individuals to come to the board and write their sentences. Ask each student to write the first line of a story at the top of a piece of paper. They ore often used in narrafives and often used with connectors like ofter or before. Quick grammar guide The pas! perlecl simple and progressive ore used to refer back to something that happened earlier. Ask student readers to ask their partners at least two questions about their story. Go around the class and help.. 3c Columbus was delighted when Isabel agreed to help because he had been looking for support for his journey. Give students a few minutes to think of a "serendipity" story of their own. The next student has to vvrite the next sentence. Go around the class helping students with ideas and vocabulary. Additional activity Put students into groups of four. students to pass their piece of paper to the next student in a clockwise direction. He thought he had arrived in the East Indies. had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made his famous voyage in 1492 A .

000 miles ----. The woman explained Illat she was an off-du ty fire~figh ter. he had been traveling for three weeks.. 1 at the same time as the events in the simple past. although so. E ureka! Unit 5 . also. ju mped out of the car. II was raining 2 ~ the streets were deserted. 1 Write the story. and then write your own story... b The Portuguese King had refused to help him. 3 after the event in the simple past.en k yeacfwd !and kcause he tlwughl he Iuui drtoYerrd the [ad.In. First. luckily. The manager let me use the phone to call a garage.. 6 While ! wus talking. LANGUAGE NOTE The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: b Read the short story and fill in the blanks with words or phrases from Exercise 4a. Look at the underlined phrases in the story above an d try to use similar phrases in your story. Usc the questions below to make notes about the story. Time links six years ago. 7 fo rtunalely . Read you r partner's story and ask questions to fin d out more information . put these connecting words and phrases in the table. e He had been looking for support for his journey. 4 Suddenly . Find aile sentence in the article that means the same. and .dJ. using connecting words and land? 2 Why was Columbus impatient to set off? 3 Why was Columbus delighted when Isabel agreed to help? 4 Why was Columbus anxious to travel? • • • • 5 Why did Columbus feel depressed? a He thought he had discovered the East Indies. loo but.. we got married! c Think of a case of serendipity in your li fe or in the life of someone you know. 5 ~ I pulled off the road. while either . nor. in addition.g.. e He'd been thinking about this voyage for years. I had been driving for about 20 minntes 3 when I no ticed a strange burning smell.000 miles when he discovered the Americas. 4 Wri ti ng skills a Columbus' discovery of tile Americas is one of the most famous examples of serendipity. phrases where you can . The past perfect tells us that something happened . Which part of the sentence happens first (in lime) . e Look at the sentence and complete the rule for the past perfect p rogressive. When he unex pectedly discovered the Americas. a woman ran in. Columbus made journeys as far as Iceland and Guillea. when/where d id the event take place? what were you doing at the time? what had you been doing before the event? what was the unexpected thing that happened? • what was the result of Ihis unexpected event? d Use your notes to write the story (approximately 120 words) of "a case of serendipity" . fortunately.es. smoke started pouring out of the hood. change one evening to one morning. suddenly And-type links I __ sailed for 3. . when. .2 Read yo ur story and correct/edit it if necessary. eventually after that. grabbed a fi re extinguisher. the clause with the simple past or the one with the past perfect? b Look at the diagram and choose the correct answer. neith er .. Theil he made his famous voyage in 1492. also although as soon as because eventually fortunately in addition in the end luckily suddenly later too when while Find other sentences in the article using the pasl perfect. and put out the fire. was on my way home from work one evening 1 six years ago . unless. d He had been reading about Marco Polo. or It was raining to The sun \Vas shining. d Make sentences by joining the questions and answers below with because. Wh y did the King Gnd Queen apologize to Columbus? Because there hod been a mistake. and ran into a compute r store. or. laler. You are going to read another short story about serendipity.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive a Look at these two sentences.us "W!lS fuzpP1J 1+"h. 3 Give it to anot her student to read. because unfortunately. she had been passing the store at thai time! 'TWo years 8 laler . as soon as. e. We form the past perfect progressive with had + past part iciple + -ing verb. 1a cdw"rnj. ® before the time referred to in the simple past. PAST 1492 + But-type links NOW Cause and resuillinks Feelings and attitude Columbus had sailed for 3. 1 Why was Columbus hap py when he reached I'll never forget the day I met the love of my life. in the end. and.

TiVo TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to interact with Jive TV. you just think of the command that you want to give to the computer. Discuss these questi ons. If we had a gadget for ironing automatically. MultiPhone If you're looking for a cetlphone that lets you see the person who you 're talking to.. and plays your favorite CDs. Which of the gadgets ... It allows you to send e·mails. 1 What will it he used for? 2 Who might use it? 3 Where will it be used? (at home I in the office .by-line and then transfer it directly to your PC. book travel tickets. Give your reasons.1 Warm up a In groups. Usc the texts below to help you. think of inventions or discoveries that 2 Task In grou ps. c Read the descriptions below of four gadgets. 1 already exist? 2 do you think are going to exist in the future? 3 will never exist? d Which of these gadgets would you like to have'! Why'! I Why not? 3 Prepare Write a description of your gadget (about 60 words). Unit5 E ureka! . ex ist. this new mu lti·pu rpose phone will keep you happy. or see aU the action as it happens in slow motion. and l iVo keeps recording ahead so you won't miss a thing. ye! but that you think we need. and much . do online banking. tlw invention of plastic b Think of poss ible inventions that don't.. When you go back to normal viewing. and has Internet access. It can store up to 3. replay ii. ThiS is the ideal gadget if you su ffer from Repetitive Action Syndrome. a video camera. It looks like a high lighter pen. and for people who are physically disadvantaged. life would be much easier for people. and the cursor wilt move where you want it to. With TiVo you can pause the action on TV. much more! Handy scanner The C·Pen pocket scanner means you will never have to search the streets for a photocopy store again. J 4 Wi ll it be useful to a lot of people? 5 will it be attractive and stylish as well as useful? 6 will it he expensive? 7 Will it be easy to use" 8 will it sell in other countries? have changed our lifestyle in important ways. the TV wil! continue from the point where you left off.000 pages of text. and that will eXIst In th o fut ure. invent a gadget that you think is go~ng to be useful to you or other members of your socmty. and is basically a small portable scanner that can read and memorize a text line. Thought-control computer How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts and acts upon them? You won't need a mouse or a keyboard.

In Exercise I e . Assign students roles in their group.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventing gadgets Reading defining relative clauses. have students in groups make a list of inventions or discoveries. Eureka! T 54 Unit 5 . making sure everyone speaks. One person writes notes. Let them discuss their answers in their groups before describing them to the whole class. One person draws 0 picture of the gadget. Answers will vary. then elicit a class list and write it on the board . Presentation alternative 3 Prepare Using the ideas from exercise 2. ask students to write a short description of their gadget (60 words). have students work in groups again to think of possible inventions. Encourage all possibilities. 2 Task Divide students into groups of four to six to invent their gadget. ask students to feod the descriptions and answer the questions. Example: one person acts as a facilitator. In Exercise lb . Ask them 10 discuss their answers to the questions. first and second conditionals specialist magazine ads Ustening a description of a gadget Speaking inventing and presenting new gadgets 1 Warm up In Exerc ise la .

let them check their answers in pairs. our gadget is called CyberBug. . How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts . read the descriptions of the gadgets on the wall. Unit 5 T 55 Eureka! . Write a lisl of everyday objects on the boord. basically a small portable scanner that can road. around..4 Feedback Ask for a few volunteers to tell the class about their gadgets. 8 Excuse me? A Yes. Ask the rest of the closs 10 walk. fo r people who are physically disadvantaged After students have completed Exercise 6b. For example: cellphone camera MPJ player Discmon TV remote control Each group has to describe words to the person who can't see them.. When the student has guessed the word.. one person from each group 10 stand next 10 the description. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to think of an everyday objcct and how to describe it.. and ask questions. Answers: CyberBug is a device thai allows you to listen in on poop Ie's conversations . he/she can move on to Ihe next word.. ff you're looking for a cell phone that lets you . CyberBug is a device that allows you to listen in on people's conversations.. Which group can guess alilhe words first? ~~. It consists of a little box that contains a microphone and amplifier. Ask.... 6 Notice Read through the rules about relative clauses and go ovor tho oxamples as a class. One person from each group has 10 lurn around so that he/she con'l see the board. Additional activity Collecllhe wriHen descriptions and posllhem on the walls of the classroom. ready 10 answer questions. Divide the closs fnta Group A and Group B.. or even on your belt at the gym. Irs very small and irs mode of skin. uh . Ask students to listen for answers to the questions and then d iscuss them in small groups or as a whole class. '1J Iii' •• 5 Compare Play the aud io for Exercise 5. t . and you can hear people who are talking up to 50 meters owoy. Answers: TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to .. Put students in pairs 10 lind and underline examples in the lexts in Exercise 6a.. Then have a class vote.. .. You can put the box in your bog or briefcase. 8 Is the eorpiece obvious? A Not at all. Ask students to work with a new partner to describe their ohjects. A Okay. and a small earpiece..colored plastic .. in your in-troy at work.'----------------------------------..

d 5e"-'" ~ a 9mOfl gadfJd !:Iuzf. Make notes about it and describe it to your partner. you can hoor people who are talking up to 50 meters oway. 2 The sensor identifies people. or who. 4 The sensor is attached to a computer. The people have had too much to drink. The police can pick up the signal. it sends out a signal. It consists of a little box thai con/oins a microphone . The people are drunk and shouldn·t be in their cars. 3 It is a precaution . The switch immobilizes your car. Don't name the object! Can your partner guess what it is? E ureka! Unit S .s on. we do not use commas: CyberBug is a device that allows YOIl to listen in on people's conversations. and ask questions about them if you want. 6 It also contains a switch. The sensor identifies people who have had too much to drink.. Take notes on the other groups' inventions. II also contains a switch that immobilizes your car. 1 What is it and what does it do? 2 Would you like to have one? 3 When would you use it if you had it? 6 Notice 'Using relative clauses in descriptions When we describe ob jects (or people) we often add information that gives important details or differentiates the object (or person) from others. b Vote on the best invention in the class.4 Feedback a Describe your invention to the class. To do this we use clauses beginning with th at.. it sends out a signal that the police can pick up. Do they describe things or people? What information do they give us? b Combine the sentences in each pair with a relative pronoun. 7k . fd.fuf. This measures your reaction times. II is a precaution that police can use to slop drink driving.. The sensor is attached to a computer that measures your reaction limes. 7 Follow up Choose an everyday object. Police can use it to stop drunk driving.. 5 If your reaction times are slow. If the information is essential to the meaning of the senlence. according to the criteria in questions 4-8 of Exercise 2. a Read the descriptions in Exercise 1 again and underline examples of relative clauses. The poUce can then arrest people who are drunk and shouldn't be in their cars. . yJUY caY. 5 Compare ~ Listen 10 someone describing a new invention. which. [f your reaction times are slow. 1 The Alcohol Sensor is a small gadget. 7 The police can then arrest people. It fits in your car. Answer !J18 questions.

see it again past perfect progressive: subject + had + been + -ing verb Susan had been waiting frx an hour before Tom anNed.) Isabel left ' oh n because sh e h ad fa llen in love with someone else. The past perfect progressive is used for ongoing actions or situations 'Nhich continued until.'ho find it difficult to wake up in the morning! al arm clock 6 This is a type 01 cabinelthat we use lor storing files arx::I papers. Think of explanations for the following problems. 8/ot of peopJe would have died from bacterial infection. sugar. arx::I minerels Adjectives describing food: sweet. i. our friends had 18ft.- 1 If I hadn't studied . Compktte the third conditional sentences. answer i n g machine 4 This is a machine that you use for a lOt of jobs when you're cooking. sally... using the clues given or your own ideas. ~'Cau se she h 011 heen crying.) We can also imagine consequences of something that did not 1 INhy did Isabel leave John? (fall Il love .. wouJdn '/ have fJflded in the '990s. low in . she wouldn't have met Jeff. unhealthy. (Our friends left.. when in reality it did: If Fleming hadn't discovered peniciUin.. Why did they award her the Nobel Prize? Because she had fought for peace aU her life. Then underline the relative clause in each one. fatly. If Ross had studied harder. 2 It's a device that makes holes in sheets of paper. so I didn't want to last night. ) Mike hu d a stom ach ach e because h e h ad eaten too much . We can put the clauses in either order: Penny wouldn't have met Jeff if she hadn't gone to the party. protein. food p rocessor Note the difference between the simple past arx::I the past perfect: I cutting hoard We were really late and when we 8IriIIed at the party..hole punch er 3 This machine takes telephone messages for people v. it Fonn past perfect si~: subtect + had + past participle I had already seen the movie. oiy. exams. cutlins honrd 2 Past pertect simple and progressive Use To show sequence in the past..e.. ) Her eyes were red would / wouldn't + have + past participle past perfect. (Fleming did discover penicillin... Fonn If + 5 Why were her eyes red? (cry . . high in . She got her degree after she had completed all the courses successfully. bitler. It is oftElfl used with connectors such as before. 3 Why did they miss the plane? (arrive late .) We were really /ate and when we anived at the party. creamy. happen... ) The streets were wet because it had been raining I it had ra ined . when we imagine consequences of actions that in reality didn't happen: If the Russians had used nuclear weap::l(lS in the Cold War..) 2 Why did Mike have a stomachache? (eat a lot . for an action that happeoed before another.. Find two types of food In the box that are usually . 3 If I had won .. 1 This is something that I use 'Nhen I want to cut up vegetables. he wouldn't have failed his 6 Why did he wreck the car? (drink . starchy Expressions: full of ' . vitamins.. (The Russians didn't use nuclear weapons in the Cold War... 4 If I had been born in . UnitS Eureka! . filing cabinet 2 Describing food Nutrients: carbohydrates. ironing board oIarrn clock paperclip hole punche< correction fluid sticky notes mou"" pad 2 If ' hadn't met .. then we arrived.. ) They missed t he pl ane hecause they had arrived too late.) He wreck~d the car 1 >t. when.. We put a comma after the if clause if it comes at the beginning of the sentence. If Penny hadn't gone to the party.. after. . then compare them with a partner. rNe arrived. our friends left.'Cause he had ~'Cn drinking. fats. Vocabulary Summary Home Office water cooler photocopier fax machine Both answering machine filing cabinet washing machine dishwasher arrnchaK food proce=... rich in . sour..) The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: 5 This is very useful for people v. thel1 our friends left. healthy..'ho are not at home or in the offIce. 4 Why were the streets wet? (rain . I had become quite profICient in Spanish befrxe I visited Latin Amerk:a. 1 high in salt 4 oity but healthy 2 sour to the taste 5 rich in vitamins 3 very unhealthy 6 starchy We had been living in Chile for several months before we really feJt at home there.. or stopped just before the past time we are talKing about: sugary. dishtowel cutting board 1 Everyday objects Read these descriptions of gadgets and decide which object from the box they describe. fiber..LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Sum mary 1 Third conditional Use To talk about actions or Situations in the past that are contrary to knoINn facts. heart problem Will had been experiencing pain for several weeks before his was diagnosed.

Note: you will have to report back on your action plan at the end of Unit 6. ~ .. ::J questionnaire . I . 1 From now on. I usually panic . 3 Ask your partner to help you: • You don't know the word for people who are addicted to chocolate. 2 Speak English in groups during class. for example at an English language club. So. That ma kes me feel very insecure... what I want to say is I want to leave my job. 1 Talk about your fam ily. discuss what you do in these situations. • You also want to know if it's okay to say "to move on a diet" in English.z z o C) ~ Speaking 1 Maximizing opportunities to speak English a The best way to improve your speaking is to speak! Check hOw well you are doing by complet ing this ij<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan: Discursive essays In pairs. 3 Speak English to your teacher in class. I am going to speak more English in class by . Um .U o 0. 0 0 0 0 ill bottles of wine? 2 Is that clear? Do you understand me? @) What I mean is. .. but talk quickly. S Talk to friends in English. 2 Talk about your studiesljob. Then the other person says somet hing and I'm suddenly lost because I don't understand them. 11 Record yourself doing a role play or 12 reading aloud. ex Speak up! Are you missing those valuable chances to practice your speaking? Take this little test and find out by checking the boxes on the right. Practice the strategies. Check that your partner understands. sometimes = 2. I am going to speak more English outside of class by . $coring Add up the fX>ints you received for each question: never = 0.U > L... b In pairs. Then complete this action plan . 4 Talk to classmates in English outside of the classroom. This is normal when you learn any foreign language. look at the problems these students of English have and check the ones you have experienced.. please? 1 Could you speak a little more slowty I I'm sorry. me. Look at these groups of phrases and match them with the situations in Exercise 2a. Eureka l Unit5 . - 8 Speak English to native speakers. And the pressure makes my m ind go blank. 10 Use a dictionalY to help with pronunciation and stress.. there 'Nill always be moments INhen you get stuck. b In groups. Did you write a discursive essay? If so.0 Sometimes I feel pressured when I have to say something . 3 What do you call that thing for opening Is there a word or expression for when you can't think because your mind is frozen? Can you say "my mind went blank" in English? 4 Uh. you mean that you want to leave the jOb? 7 Speak English to other non-native speakers. 2 From now on. let me think . rarely = 1 . 3 Practicing the strategies ~ a Usten and repeat the phrases from Exercise 2c. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 mreo sometimes often 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O· 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 c A gcxx:l way to manage these problems is to learn some phrases to use when these situations occur. Then I have to st op and that really frustrat es 20 I' m tal king and everything's okay. I didn't understand the part when you said you wanted to leave the job. show it to your partner. 2 Strategies for getting around problems when speaking a However much you practice speaking English. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: making opportunities to speak English Talk to your partner about how you could speak more English. 1 Speak English in pairs during class. .. . often = 3 b Add up your score and check the key on page 149.0 If I notice that the other person doesn't understand me. 4 Talk for one minute non-stop about what attracts you to other people. I want to leave @ myjob. 6 Talk to American friends in English.. How often do you do the following? >- o --l L.. talk about your action plan from page 47.. "- 10 I'm speaking and suddenly I need a word or ph rase but I don't know it in English. I want to leave the job. Have imaginary conversations in English. 9 Speak English to native or non-native speakers on the phone. ® say that again. see how much you can remember about discursive essays arKllheri compare your ideas with page 47. Well.. take turns talking about these situations. how can I put it? I want to leave my job. If not. I need t ime to think exactly how I'm going to say it.

for certainty that something is nol true.am + past participle Use: for certainly that something is true. . L How certAin arc the speakers in each of the sentences above? Put the number of the sen tence in tho correct place. e} They wrote the same number of plays .ll. B No. A Have you s(.:cJjn't JuiVl!. Unil6 WOfds. J must have done that. ~ no idea. A No. or Philip. Do you agree? ~ c Listen to some peop le discussing the q uestions and check your answers. Guess the answers if you don't know them . Form : modal vern + .IdI. so theyG n'U ~wrillen the same number.000 words c) 370.m. That's 1 What do William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes have in common? a) They were born on the ndlct~ possibl ~ same day.000 plays. then practice it with II partner.m. 2 So Shnkospellrc€ 91ad a vocabulary of 37. Circ:le the contractions YOll hear in Exercise 2a. I'll check. I have h. my glasses) and change the places suggested flbove.1 Speaking ski lls a Take the quiz below.g.. H Ah! Then yOlL must hilve left it in the bed room when you c1wnged earlier. yes.. my cell phone. the remote control.000 words! 3 ~11~ h... You could have left it in the car. we use .. @ Ecuador c) the United States 5 What are the Canary Islands named after? a) a type of bird @ a type of dog c) the daughter of a queen 6 What was the first name of King George VI of England? a) George b) Philip @JAlbert b In pairs.ighL. I already looked. discuss your answers. ® 37. That's (j J supposo Or it ~~. it isn't there.. A Oh. words . you mighl have put it in the dmwer.co. B Well . Complete them with modal verbs. and for possihility . A No. b) 200 (3)2.ld.. 1 Shakespeare wrote lots of plays. c Cover the dialogue and practice it again.:~v ~een AlLert.".ust. thoy . 5 But they cou l( have orne from Ecuador. @»They died on the same day. keys. or . 2 Grammar: deduction and possibility in the past Listen to some sentences fro m the discussion.-~:::-.JlliI>-.written the same number. J cill1 'l have left it there.vnyrdn'l h~ written 2. .'Cn my wallet? I can't find it anywhere.u.1 or CQuldn'l . words..000 4 In which country were Panama hats first made? a) Panama 3 Pronunciation: co ntractions Listen to the sen tences from Exercise 2a again. 2 How big was Shakespeare's vocabulary? a} 3. Listen to tl~loglle. .000 words 3 Approximately how many plays did lope de Vega write? a) 20 Tho spoaker is 100% suro thi s is not true The speaker is f 1 3 4 5 6 2 100% sure this is true c Now complete these rules about ded uction and possibility in the past. I didn·t take it out with me.700 words 4 he j 'hl hav Titten 200 plflYs.h. This time change IV(Jl/fJ/ (e..

Albert. calm down. dramatist. ighI. too. / So. best known for Don Quixote. B WOWI Thars amazing I Hey. con I lake over here? A Yeah. Thors ridiculous l A I agree. S Okay. I The audioscripts for Track 25 and Track 2G ore on page T59 "::. and tragedies.000 words! A Yep. I suppose he might have written 200 plays.'righL He wrote histories. b.. C No. Ask students in pairs to complete the rules in Exercise 2e.37. What do you think? B Well.Objectives Grammar Topic: William Shakespeare Vocabulary literature Pronunciation contractions deduction and possibility in the past: must/cou/dlmightl can" + have + past participle Ustening Speaking a literary mystery a radio interview taking and discussing a quiz Reading Write on the board : William Shakespeare Miguel de Cervantes Lope de Vega Ask students What do these people have in common? Whol do you know about them? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills When students have tAken the quiz Ilnd discussed dass to find Ollt what students guessed . how did you know thaf? C I learned rt in latin. Darren's right. A Was he the crazy one? B No. Da you two know Lope de Vega? e I've heard of him. thaI's stupid. King Lear. like the one in Exer cise 2b . lope de Vega 1l562~16351 was a Spanish poet. B No. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. And the answer is. B I'm impressedl Okay. Irs c. Play the audio for Exercise 1e. and write 100% not Sllrc to the left of it and 100% sure to the rigbt. e Well. Wow. A Okay.. A Is that so? e So Shakespeare must"ve hod a vocabulary of 37. e I think irs more likely b. man. and then have them circle the contractions they hear on the audio. lers soy thaI. neither. but thaI's ali.. II comes from the Latin word for dog ~ canis . Next question. LeI's check. so they can't have wrinen the same number. B Yes. In which country were BR Panama hats first made? C Easy. but George was one of his names.. But Ihey could hove come from Ecuador. A Good thinking' So irs either a or b. Anyway. What are the Canary Islands named after? A Let me lake a look. 200? C Well. I"m sure that Panama hals were first made in Panama l B Okay. question 2. and novelist who wrote ploys about love and honor. Bul why are they called Panama hots Ihen? B I don't know. didn't Cervantes write mostly novels? And Shakespeare wrole lots of plays. I'll take a look. ~ 3 Pronunciation: contractions Draw students' attention to the example in Exercise 3<1 . comedies. A Yeah. Shakespeare's vocabulary. George Vl's first name.. Ask students to listen and read and underline or circle any part of the dialogue where there is a contraction. because people didn·t have records of births in those days. fltlSWers with Il partner. Question 4. Lost question.000. The Canary Islands were named after dogs! B Well . 24~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------. they couldn·t have been named after the doughter of a queen C Why nof? S How many girls have you met named Canary? e (laughs] R ight . I know the answer. that was George III. me. B Okay. should I look at the answer? Right . They must have been mode in Panama. irs too obvious.. Culture note 2 Grammar: de d uction and possibility in the past Play the audio and ask students to complet e the sentences in Exercise 2a with the modal verb they hear. Ecuador e WeH. Bul he couldn·t have wrinen 2. No. we did ok .1 I Words. question 1. So what do you think? B I've read thaI Ihe overage adult these days has a vocabulary of between 25. but Panama is 100 obvious.OOO! Lers look at question 3. we're wrong. Miguel de Cervantes 11547-16161 was a Spanish author and dramafist.20 or b. Ask students where they think the other sentences go on the line..and there were dogs on the islonds when they were first discovered. 2. I Okay. notably Hamlet. ond Romeo and Juliet. Thars possible. I don·t think so. Well. B Yeah. A You do? C Irs a type of dog. elicit answers from the Shakespeare 11564. words T 58 Unit 6 . The answer is c. a possibility.16161 was England's greatest ployv. A So. A Yep. Ask students to listen and check their answers. I have no idea e Me. Monitor students for pronunciation mistakes with contractions. All Fine. but they did hove records of the death of famous people. 1"11 just check . t agree. Very good l Okay.000 and 60. his name could have been George A Or il may have been Albert or Philip. (pauses to readl b! Correct . Draw a line all the board. Ask students to do Exer ci se 3e in pairs.000 plays.irs b.000 words. words. so should we go for 0. And the correct answer is . go ahead.

il is a bit 01 a mystery.. wards . t can't have left iT there. [n Exercise 4d . Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 6c in pairs. The writer William Shakespeare had a vocabulary of 37. we do know he was an oClor. could this be the some man who created such wonderfully intelligent female characters os Portia. which was twice as large as mast cultured men 01 his time. that he married Ann Hathaway. t didn't take it out with me. The question is. As k students to listen . lhors not quite true. Briefl y discuss answers w ith the class. A No. 1614. we actually know very little about his life. Play Ihe audio agai n . so he con't have hod a very good edu{Qtion. o o ~ Play the audio for Exercise 4b. pu t stu dents in pairs to list r eason s w h y Shakespeare could n ot have w ritten the plays. Interviewer BuT surely we have evidence that he was the writer? Price Not really. that they had three children. you're an authority on Shakespeare. A Oh. you might have put il in The drower. Thafs ridiculous ! 4 I suppose he might have written 200 ploys. Interviewer Prolessor Price. so they can't have written the same number. and that he d ied a rich man on April the 23rd. The loct is. 6 Or it may have been Albert or Philip. 5 Reading ski lis Put sh!dents in pnirs to discuss th eir answer s to Exercises Sa and sb. Indeed. they sh ould try to u se modals to specu late. 5 But they could have come from Ecuador. so let me begin by asking you why some people say Shakespeare didn't wrile the works of . yes.000 words. words. All we really know is that he was born in Stratford. I have no ideo. th en do Exercise 6d as a whole class. Tell stuclents thaI it doesn't matter iftht:y dOll 't kn ow any answers. I already looked. in Stratford. You could have left it in the em. William Shakespeare? [)on't we know who really wrote the greatest ploys in the English language? Price Well. Shakespeare does not mention any books or any connections at all with his life as a writer. Thars possible.md answer the questions in Exercise 4c. Let th em check in pairs b efore the y [oak at th o Vocabulary Sum mary for Exercise lib. Interviewer But do we know he was 0 writer and an aclor? Price Well. 8 Well. tnterviewer And his family? What about his porents? Price We know that his father worked with animal skins and was possibly a butcher.4 Listening skills Divide the class into groups of four to discuss the areas in Exercise 4a . "~ For Exercise 2 on poge 58 " 1 Shakespeare wrote lots 01 plays. A No. he wrote over 37 ploys and more thon 150 poems. 27'------------------------------------------------------------. Rosalind. no. Where did that come from? Price GQad question. 2 So Shakespeare must have had a vocabulary 01 37. Some people believe thal lhe lillie we do know about the man Iram Stratford suggests that he couldn't have written the marvelous plays and poems 01 the outhor "Williom Shakespeare'. There are no direct connections between this actor and businessman and the man who is known as the greatest writer in the English language. Hc must have gone 1 collosc or His jather may have beell rich. 6 Vocabulary: literature Ask st udents to comp lete the table in EXI~rcise 6a. I~ For Exercise 3 00 poge 58 " A Have you seen my wallet? t can't find it anywhere. Ask stud enls 10 listen and c h eck their answers.000 wards! 3 But he couldn't have written 2. There appears to be some controversy about Ihe great man today. t must have done that. For example. il isn't there. yel William of Stratford's two daughters could not read or write. 8 Ah! Then you must have left it in the bedroom when you changed earlier. Could this be the man wh o wrote Hamiel. We also know for a loci that William didn't go to university and he may oot even hove gone to the Iocol school. Yes.and thars about it. but he wasn't on educated man. This is very odd. then who did? Unit 6 T 59 Words. he appears a little later as the au thor of highly cultured poems and plays. Then ask students to writ e a few sentences compari ng de Vere and Shakespeare and telling why de Vere is a likely wri ter. B No. so if their son was indeed the writer William Shakespeare. although William Shakespeare is coosidered the greatest writer in the English language. the greatest play in the English language? And if he did not write the ploys and poems 01 Shakespeare.000 plays. and VIOla? Anolher curious point is thai in his will. I'll check. he couldn't have gotten his incredible learning from being at home till he was 20 years old l Yet. Interviewer We know that Shakespeare hod a huge vocabulary. He was a respected man in the community. and we know that he was a businessman . Give stu dents a four-minute time limit to thin k o f ideas_ Th en e l icit a class list and wrile it on the board.. His porents couldn'l read or write and probably hod no books.

he must have been an aristocrat. a high ly educated man for his ti me. 1 Which of the kinds of writing in the lab Ie do YOll rend in English'r 2 Which do you read in your OWI1 lal1guagc? 3 Do you hnve a favorite wrilcr? 4 Who is the most fnmous writel' in your country? d Conduct a class survey nnd find out the answers to Ihose questions.000 d In pa irs. There have been a number of theories about w ho might have w ritten the greatest w orks of literature in the Engl ish langu age . )1£ """'if >Ui hm< if"" 10 !dud. 5~.the Prime Minister . discuss thuse areas.. William of Stratford would have been imprisoned or executed! De Vere was a respected wnter who stopped writing just when a genius called ~WiJliam Shakespeare" appeared on t he scene. S Reading ski lls a If Shakespeare d id not write the "works ofWilJiam Shakespeare".who is made fun of in Hamlet. his biography fits perfectly. Thon compare wi th a partner. which everybody agrees "Shakespeare" must have done. and all his plays have mysteriously disappeared. but this seems un likely as he was assassinated ve ry young and couldn't have w ritten so many works. He studied law and traveled to Italy. Did anything surprise you about the infomwtion? Whan ~ c Listen again and answer these questions abou t Shakespeare. b Ca n you guess the answer to lhe last qlleslion in the texr~ b Che(.k your answers in tho Vocabulary Summary 011 page 60. People say only de Vere could have attacked the Prime Minister and gotten away with it.espcarc". 1 6 Vocab ul ary: literature a Complete lhe lub le with words and phrases about literature. make II list of reasons from the listening for why William Shakespeare cou ld not havo wrillellihe fnmolls plays and poems. One offers Francis Bacon. words . But if this is all true. Another t heory cites the great playwrigh t of t he time. Edward de Vere. pointing to the most popular candidate nowadays. Ch ristoph er Marlow e. then who did? Read the text helow and check IV ) the most likely candidnte. This romantiC character would have made the perfect Hamlet. but his writings are very different fro m Shakespeare's. e In pnirs. why did he hide behind the mask of "William Shakespeare"? Words. His poems and letters use many unusual expressions that are also found in Shakespeare's works. his fami ly his background h is education h is profession ~ b Listen to a radio interview about William Shakespeare and check your answers. Many people believe that whoever "Shakespeare" was. words. He was the son-inlaw of the most powerful man in the kingdom . discuss theso qt!(lslions. Kind of writing poetry novel p lay hislory book hiogra phy drama movie screenplays newspHJler Wriler poet noveli st phlywright historian biographer d ramalist scnJen wriler journalist 2 3 4 5 o 7 H Where was he from? Strutf ord (Ens land) Who was he married to" A nn HuthUl vuy How many chi ldren did they have? 3 Whal exactly did he do fo r a living'~ oc/orlbusinessnUln What job did his father do'~ worked will! utlinlfl J skins I possibly u butch er Howald was he when ho left home'? 20 How many poems d id he wr i te'~ more thun 150 How many words did he know lind use in Engl i sh '~ 37. 1 Whnt arc the three most popular forms of reading'? 2 Which kinds of writing docs nohody read'! c Wrile brief notes oflhe reasons why de Vere is considered Ihe most likely writer of the "wO!'ks of William Shak. as some of his plays draw so much on the country. ddn'/ If' 10 aUcge.4 Listening skills a \V hal kind o f man (10 you think William Shakespeare was? In groups. the 17th Earl of Oxford.

Guess what kind of story or book each one opens.Fiction • 1 Speaki ng skills a Look at the wards in the box. Words. Read and malch each one with an opening extract. 17\ ~ ' . © @ d h 'd both been in and out They were brothers a~ t ey " of juvenL e Hall five urnes.. discuss these questions. h Read lhe opening extracts from four stories. book.. which means "l ife". because I came into the world With a breath of jungle in my memory. Colonel. lannis had enJoy none of his patients had Ie c [n pairs. ® He had attended a surprisingly easy calving.extracted a molar . - CD Years later. ® I was bom in the back room of a shadowy house.s in Latin . • USEFUL LANGUAGE Num ber one looks like it comes from a thriller. but none of those thmgs m~de me melancholy. That can't be from a poem! 11 could be fro m a biography. Dr. words. and grew up amidst ancient fumiture. and human mummies. cd a sausfactory d aY in which d· d or gotten any worse. she is calving abscess 8 painful swollen area on your skin or inside your body molar large tooth at tho back of the mouth Juvenile Hall a home for boys who got into trouble b Whi ch wortls helped you connect the sentences with the openi ng extracts? Underline them and compare with a partner. What kind of books / stories do you like to read"' Why? Choose from the reasons below. adventure/act ion stories amusing/funny books detective/police stories historical novels horror stories love stories non-fiction science fiction short stories thrillers 2 Readi ng ski lls a These four extracts foll ow the opening extracts in Exercise 1b. facing the firing squad. . on a was a village of twenty adobe O" SCS. ® Two o 'dcr guys talked me into it. lanced one abscess.. words . Aurcliano Buendia would remember th~t dlstan~ afternoon when his father took him to discover Ice. . d ' was ten " firing squad a small group of soldiers whose job is @ My name is Eva. according to a book of names my mother consu lted. - • • • • • to relax to be entertained to learn something new to be moved to escllpe from reality to" " .. GLOSSARY h At that ti me Mac . bUilt on the bank of a river of clear water thai ran a ong a bed of polished stones . The first time I ran away from school . 1 Why is Ihe opening sentence of a story very important? 2 Which extract most makes you want to read more? How docs it do this? Unit 6 to kill prisoners by shooting them mummies dead bod ies preserved and wrapped in cloth (in Ancient Egypt) melancholy fee li ng very sad and without hope cnlving when a female cow is having a baby.

words. Answers to the second question will vary. D 1: key words: "that distant afternoon" "At that time" Words..it must be autobiographical. It could be an autobiography. Unclear . words T 60 Unit 6 . Briefly elicit answers from the class. He" . 2 Reading skills Briefly introduce Exercise 2b by eliciting students' answers to exercise l b as a whole class. Answers: A 3: key words "My name is . or even non-fiction. introduce characters. and then ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise la. Probably nOD-fiction.'calving" C 2: key words: "l\vo older guys .. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise l b. set the scene.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: genres of fiction Reading Writing the continuation of a story figuring oul meaning from context extracts from novels Speaking discussing booKs and reasons for reading - Write the names of three or four well-known novels on the board and ask students oboullhem. Answers may vary. Perhaps an amusing book. Answers: The opening sentence is important because it must catch the reader's attention. " "I was born . Possibly a fUrulY book. then discuss Ihe question in exercise 2b wilh a partner. by describing what stories you like to read. Remind Ihem to refer to the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary.. Possible answers: 1 2 3 4 Perhaps from an adventure/action story. Ask students to match the extracts. lord of the Rings Introduce the topic •• 1 Speaking skills Model the activity briefly. Ask Whars this novel called in your language? Who wrote if? What sorl of story is it? Have you read it? Whars if about? Would you recommend it? Why? Why nof? Suggested novels: One Hundred Years of Solitude. Like Water for Chocolate. " "They wore brothers . a historical novel... and find out what types of books are the mosl popular.. and make the reader want to continue.. " "I came into the world" B 4: key words: "Or lannis" "palients" '. Ask students to continue to work in pairs to discuss Exercise l c.

They may have played hookey because they were juvenile delinquents I they were bored and haled school ! it was a nice day. Let students check in pairs before going through the answers as a class.Ask students to look at the phrases fro m the story in Exercise 2c . Then ask students to read all the stories and decide which ane they like best and why. Have students vote on which is best. Ask students to read tho actual continuation on page 147 ohhe Student's Book. The narrator must have felt nervous. When students have finished. Possible answers: The older boys do. 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Ask students to work in pairs to figure out the meanings. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2e. Ask students to read the story again and write true or false next to the statements in Exercise 2d . Move around the class. Have students talk in pai rs briefly to predict the story. monitoring and helping with ideas and vocabulary. then elicit answers fTOm the class. Answers: moved a bike by pushing the pedals (what you put your feet on) a narrow stream a type of smaJl. Ask In what ways is the actual continuation different from your stoIJ'? Additional activity Collect the paragraphs and publish them by posting them on the classroom walls. Encourage them to use past modals to specu late. words. The older boys may have felt il wasn't worth goi ng to. Unit6 T 61 Words. they are brothers. ask some volunteers to read their stories aloud to the class. But the narrator doesn't know them well. edible freshwater lobster somothing you use to attract and catch fish a type of meat food betweenlwo pieces of bread chocolate candy pieces softened in the sun bottom of a river or creek with no water said ··no·· Hi 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow lhe steps in Exercise 4 to continue the story. Refer students to Develop Your Learning on page 35. Ask students to read the story to check their predictions. Read through the strategies with students before they do the task. or quickly put students into small groups and have a couple of volunteers sharo theirs aloud. They must have felt happy. words .

We stole three bikes out of a back yard and took off for the Afra'IO Seco. page 53). We caught crawdads 'Nith marshmalk'JW bait then tore the shells off them and used \. I said 'yes' to ev6!'jthing. We hid the bikes in a stand of eucatyptus trees at the edge of the Afra'IO and.. 2 Decide if the next part is going to be funny. Wrtff(1lunchtime came I had to share my lunch 'Nith the brotherS beCaUse they'd forgotten to bring theirs. 5 The narrator ate meatloaf sandwich and chocolate.. adding connecting words (See Writing Skills. The ooty otrer time I'd fNf$ been to los t>r. and wlil catch the attention of the reader.. adverbs of manner. A meatloaf sandwich· A metted bag of M & Ms.. 4 Think of a sentence that will continue s~ooth l y from the last part of the story. The bike I stole was too big for me so I could r. 5 Add details to your notes. sad. So I \.. Try to predict what might happen in the story.ever sit up en the seat all the Wf.j.... then read the extract and check your predictions. guess the answers to these questions... c Read your paragraph aloud to the class. I spread the contents of the paper bag ~ out on a big !\at rock. I atwaYS hated meatloaf. Unit 5.-ent doNn the creek.. 1 pedaled 2 creek 3 crawdads 4 bait 5 meatloaf sandwich 6 a melted bag of M & M's 7 dry bed 8 dedined 4 Writing skills a Now continue the story in pairs. 3 Make notes on the basic events. I must have been six then.. words Unil6 . such as adjectives. 6 Start forming sentences.. ttreijr meat to catch more cravvdads. 1 Do the boys know each other well? 2 Why did they play hooky? 3 How do you think they felt about school? 4 How did they feel when they stole tbe bikes? 5 How about when they caught the crawclads? 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Look at tbese words from the slory.. stole three bikes a short vacation at the edge of the Arroyo a big flat rock tore the package open reached Los Angeles They told me it would just be like taking a shOrt vacation .AngeleS.. I didn't eat any of the meatloaf sardwich eijther. \. I pedaled standing. Which is the best continuation? d To find out bow the original story continues. The rest of the afternoon we climbed around the hills looking . False Words... Are these statements true or false? 1 The boys went on a vacation .. b Now write the next paragraph of the story.. for snakes until one of them got the idea of IcJ. Use the strategies from Develop Your Learning on page 35 to figure out their meanings. or d ramatic. etc. Imagine that you are the narrator. A carrot vvrapped in wax paper 'Nith a rubber bard arourd it.. 1m... go to page 147. went. False 4 The narrator gave his lunch to the other boys.r.Nering our bikes dQIM1 into the aqueduct and riding along the dry bed IJltil we reached lOS. Tore the package open and tiCked the chOCOlate off the paper. False 3 They had fish for lunch. False 2 They took their bikes with them. Look at the phrases that come from it and guess which story it is. Draw on your own experience and imagination . They offered me a licI< but I declined. especially the last sentence. words. even though I suspected LA was at least a hurdred miles ~.c You are now going to read the next part of one of the stories. 't d Read the story again. When you have finished. Follow Ulese steps: 1 Look at the lasl few lines of the story. They ate the M & Ms first. e In pairs. check your writing.getes was wtlen my aunt took me to the Farmer's t>Aarket in her '44 Dodge to loOk at the myna birds. Especialty cold and between bread .

it was her creation. How do la:~c.as changed since Harry POlter~ndnt~\.a mous writer. Rawling. • In the years slOce the appearance of the first H arry Potter story. K.. unemployed. has made his creator wealthier than Quee Elizabeth II. which have led to the publication of four sequels so far.~ 2 Reading skills a Harry Potter : ~".. They have all beel translated into more than 20 languages.lIIother thillS. . Rowling's life resembles a fairy talc. words .K.Fact to fantasy 1 Speaking ski Us a ::::nOle5 of everything you know 1 the Harry POlter books :. I you might see the artIc os that the hcadl'Ines Come from? 1 /1 mUst USEFUL LANGUAGE be about . ~ GLOSSARY rags old and shabby clothes offshoots something that dcvelo s Ii e. OWan( make The headlines have bee 'k fro 'I naen m arl l~ es. J.rom As the new Harry Pon er story was being eagerly awaited by millions of fans all over the wo rld. And like the proverbial prince.:: the Harry POller movie~. . They must have been .. . it got rave reviews on both sides of me Atlantic. What are the articles about" 2 Which articles will express a p "r ' point of view and who h . Rawling wrote Harry Poner and the Sorcerer's Stone at a table in a cafe wh ile her daughter was sleeping. writing Harry Potter offshootS and giving the proceed s to her favorite causes. b Look at the headlines bel I predictions.~::~i~hle~k your ideas from ExerciseO~~. Harry.K. J.g. author of the fantasy novels that arc popular with young and old alike...K..' e . goes to China ~ for tourism @Hany Potter is magic Excrcis: I. world-.. The38-year-old author is now the ninth richest woman in the u. _. Rawling. 3 1.. me . but once accepted and publish ed. is now richer than the Queen of England. Divorced. OSllVe Ilegat' . W()(ds. Ie will express a 1\ e poml of View? Why? 3 Where do you think . Now the goodnews is that Harry Poner. . it was announced that J. y m a arger compallY it 6 Words. with a fortune estimated at one billion dollars. a smaller campall fro I P fOm '. she is one of the bigy donators to charity that me country has ever seen. Rowling has become a full-time writer and has g iven up her tiny rwo-room apartment for a Scott' mansion and luxury apartments in born Edinburgh anu London.. Harry Potter. Magician Harry Potter brings ® riches to author m_~~"". Like that of her character.. Rowling. the schoolboy magician and hero of the books. J 1 2: The novelist's first attempt was turned down by several __ publishers.K. and living in a tiny Ed inburgh apartment with her infant daughter. Her fans arc quick to point out that despite her success.. e. the author of h you think her n h t 0 Harry Polter books is b Read th . who rescued her from her life of rags and brought her one of riches.K.:s ~~:~. on e of the richest women in the world..h~:~ohneea dWI~s P:lblished? .. or maybe because of it.


Topic: J.K. Rawling and Harry Potter
Vocabulary avoiding repetition Reading a newspaper article

the passive

Speaking predicting from headlines


Divide the class into groups of four to six. Write the words Harry Pot/cron tho board, and then give the groups timo 10 jot notes down on everything they know about Harry Polter. After\vards, ask each group to share their three most interesting facts with the class.

Introduce the topic


Speaking skills
Ask studen ts to discuss the headlines in Exercise Ib in pairs or in groups. Encourage them to use medals. Point out the Useful Language phrases.

Suggested a nswers: Headline 1 Tho article is probably about the author and how sho has become rich. It 's positive. . It must come from a newspaper or magazine article. Headline 2 It is probably about how the book has been translated into Chinese and is proving successful there. It 's positive. It's probably fro m a newspaper - it might be from a publishing magazine. Headline 3 Irs probably about how the Harry Poller books have had a negative effect on read ing I the English language I literature or something like that. It's negative. It may come from a literary or educational article in a newspaper. Headline 4 It's about how people from all over the world are visiti ng places in Britain where Harry Potter was written or filmed. It's positive. It could come from an article in a travel magazine.

2 Reading skills
In Exercise Zn , elicit from tho class a few predictions about how J.K. Rowling's lifo has changed. Then ask students to road the article to answer the question in Exercise z b and check their predictions. Answers: Sho has become a successful writer, lhe ninth richest woman in the U.K., and she owns II Scottish mansion and luxury apartments. She gives a lot of money to charity. Headline 1 goes with the article.
J.K. Uoonnel Rawling did not use her first nome on the books because she lel1that boys might be put off reading the book il they knew it was by a "girl: She wonlS to motivate boys. especially, to read. which has been one 01 the great successes 01 the Herry Potier books.
Culture note

Words, words. words

T 62


Ask students to look through the questions in Exercise 2c and decide which paragraph might answer them. Go over the answers briefly with the class. Then ask students to look through the relevant paragraph for answers and discuss them with a part ner. Answers: no answer She was divorced, unemployed, had a small child. and lived in a small apartment. (para. 2) No. (para. 3) They "got rave reviews on both sides of the Atlantic.. - so, equally successful. (para. 3) No answer. Less than 38. (para. 3) No. She has given some money from "offshoots" to her fa vorite causes. (para. 4) Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise 2d in pairs. Answers: The art icle is positive. Supporting phrases include: eagerly awaited, popular, resembles a fairy tale, rescued .. . from ... rags (10) riches, rave reviews, one of the richest women in the world, biggest donators to charity

3 Vocabu lary: avoi ding repetition
Tell students to copy the table in Exercise 3h into their notebooks. Ask lhem to scan the lext for synonyms and paraphrases that refer to lhe author J.K. Rowling and lhen complete the table with these phrases. Answe rs: Adj(l(:tives divorced unemployed Adjectival phrases 38-year-old full-time Nouns author novelist creator writer donator Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels one of the richest women in the world one of the b iggest donators to charity

4 Gram mar review: the passive
Ask stude nls to work in pairs to match examples in Exercise 4a to uses. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the q uestions aboul lhe examples in Exercise 4b. Point out the Language Note on page 63 and refer them to the Grammar Summary on page 66 to check their answers.
Quick grammar guide

Passive constructions exist in many languages but often are not as commonly used as they are in English. A reflexive construction with on active verb is sometimes preferred, with the subject after the verb. not a t the beginning of the sentence.
Common enors and problems

• Students may attempt a reflexive construction which is impossible in English. ,ariF!' IRe B99/@; in Hong Kong. 's fJ'f.R.'99 IRe Be9.1r!; in Hong Kong. ' ~' ts fJ'fjR/e9 IRe Be9/@; in Hong Kong . • A common mistake is to make an active sentence without a subject pronoun. WI9/e her firsl book in Edinburgh. Answers: a No. It isn't important. b millions of fans eWe wanl to focus on "the new Harry Potter story " - this is the important or new information. d several publishers e 1 Someone announced that ... 2 Someone has translated them inlo ... 3 Millions offans weTO eagerly awaiting ... 4 Several publishers turned down ... They are still correct, but 1 and 2 sound odd. In Exercise 4d, ask students to complete the sentences ind ividually, then check in pairs.

5 Speaking skills
Divido students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions.


T 63

Words. words, WOfds

c Docs the article answer all of the following questions? Decide which paragraph you can find the answer in when possible. then answer the ques tions.
1 Why did J.K. Rawling write the Potter books? 2 What was her life like before the first book

b Look at these examples from the article and answer the questions.
1 .. . it was announced that J.K. Rowling .. . is

now richer than the Queen of England.
2 They have all been translated into more than



was published? Was she immediately successful with her first story? Have the books been more successful in the U.S. or the U.K.? How old was she when the first book was published? Has she profited from all of her books?

20 languages . 3 As the new Harry Potter story was being eagerly awaited by m illions of fans ... 4 The novelist's fi rst attempt was turned down by several publishers ...

d Is the article more positive or negative about Harry Potter and his author? Make a note of the words and phrases that support your answer.

3 Vocabulary: avoiding repetition
'a Read the article again and note all the references to J.K. Rawling.

a Do we know who announced the news in 1, or who translated the books in 2? Is it important? b Who or what does the action in 3, "the new Harry Potter story" or "millions of fans"? c In 3. the agent (millions of fans) is quite important. so why is the passive used? d Who does the action in 4? e Try to put the four sentences above into the active voice. Are they still correct? c Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 66.

aWJ,o, <f Ik fa~ >UJ>ds.. OiW>'Wi•. b Write the words and phrases you have noted in the table.

Remember tllat we make the passive with a form ofthe verb be + past participle: it was announced; they have all been translated. d We can use the passive in most tenses and verb forms. Identify the tense or verb form in the active sentences below and complete the passive sentences.
1 The publishers print the books in Hong Kong.

Adjectives divof1:ed unem ployed


Nouns author

Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels




c We use synonyms and paraphrases to avoid repetition and help the flow oftexl. Find : 1 three ways the journalist refers to Rawling's occupation. au tho r, novelist , writer 2 four ways he refers to Harry Potter. her character. her creation . the schoolboy magician , hero of the books 3 three ways he refers to the books. fantasy novels, first attempt, four sequels, offshoots



4 Grammar review: the passive
a Look at the examples of passives. 1--4. Match them with the correct use from the list below. The passive is often used in ... 1 academic works, e.g. science journals: A constant temperature is maintained ... 2 manuals: Ensure that the plug is fitted correctly before ... 3 public notices: Passengers are kindly requested not to smoke. 4 newspapers: Find an example in the headlines in Exercise lb.




The books ... aYe pr-mled m. JWng Kong. Distribution companjes are shipping millions of the new Harry Potter book around the world. present progressive Millions of the new Harry Potter books are being shipped around the world. Several publishers rejected J.K. Rowling's first book. simple past J.K . Rawling's first book was rejected by severa l publisbers. The publisher has announced the launch date for the latest Potter book. present perfect The launch date for the latest Potter book has been announced by the publisher. They should ban the words Harry Potter. should + infinitive The words Harry Potter should be banned . They had made the first book into a fi lm before Rawling wrote the fifth book. past perfect The first book had been made into a film before Rawling wrote the fifth book.


We lise the passive when: a the subject of the action is unknown b the subject of the action is unimportant c we want to focus on new information by putting it at the end of the sentence d we want to avoid naming or blaming the subject of an action

5 Speaking skills
In groups , discuss these questions. 1 What books are being fead by kids in your country right now?
2 Make a list of your favorite books when you were

a kid and compare them with your group. 3 Which is your all·time favorite book? Why?
Words, words, words

Unit 6


1 Warm up
An urban myth is an often-repeated story. which mayor may not be true, of an unusual and sometimes terrible event that happens to an ordinary person, usually a "friend of a friend", The stories usually have a surprise ending. They are often told when fr iends get together at d inner parties or bars. a The sentences below are taken from Iwo different urban myths. They are taken from the beginning, the midd le, and the end of each story. Put them into the correct order. Story A; 1 Q!J 2 I:m 3!ID Story 8; 1 !g 2 ID 3@

b In grou ps, compare your answers and try to figure out what Lhe two stories are about . Use the questions to help you. 1 Who arc the characters in the story? 2 Where does the story take place? 3 When do the events take place? (morning/evening? present/ past?) 4 Is the story a funn y one, a thriller. a mystery. a crime story? 5 Docs it have a "happy ending"? Wo will como back to these stories at the end of the lesson.






Thi.~ must be from ... This could be the first one.

I ~ r-A------le--n-C;C,-e-e--'vCi-hCVCiCI-g-e--'v-o-k-e-u p-o-n~e=," ==i=g =to=fi=n=d==h=a=t====~------------------------------'-' co up i n c- l a -- ==o=nn n = = t
someone had stolen their car.


They later found that the thief had used their car for a robber y on the very day it had disappeared.


~----~=====================~------~~ @ A friend of mine was d riving along the Massachusetts Highway o ne
evening when he passed a young lady walking along the side of the road.


" Yes, the purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed more than 20 years ago in a car accident on the Massachusetts Highway."


The note explained the thief had taken the car because he didn't have a car himself and his wife had gone into labor with their first baby.

A couple of days later, he was cleaning his car when he cam e across
a wo man's pursC!=.

Words, WOfds. words


Topic: anecdotes and urban myths
telling an anecdote

Grammar Reading past perfect simple urban legends and progressive, third conditional

an anecdote

on anecdote

1 Warm up
Ask students to do Exercise la in pairs. Aftenvards, ask the class which picture goes with which story. Ask students to discuss th e stories in groups o f four, using the questions in Exercise lb. Monitor the discussion. but don't reveal any stories at this stage.

Words, words, WOfds

T 64

Unil 6

. you know. 1/ the couple hadn't gone to the theater. uh . Rob. good jobs.. you know. Jane Go on. I've heard it so many times! Shira Oh. Echo questions/repetition Their car was stolen? But you said they Of course. Shira I bet. words. to make Ihings WOfSE!. Ask students to listen to lhe first piece of music. great. yeah . you see. Play the audio for Exercise 2. the Vv"Ilole thing. Rob Oh.. 7 Follow up Ask students to read the second urban myth all page 147 ofthe Student's Book and check their predictions. Trevor Of course. I don·tthink so. Shira Oh. il was a note explaining thaI the thief hod taken the cor because he didn't hove a cor himself. 6 Notice ~ Play the audio for exercise 5 again. Everybody knows it. rhey'd parked it outside rhe house the night belOfe. Stress the content and also have students support each other in reviewing the grammar and form of their stories. 4 Feedback Put students in pairs to tell their stories. Rob Hong on. The couple was delighted..lOne You must hove heard it. they hodn'r put it in the gorage. and . Rob Oh. you know. Then continue this procedure for the second and third pieces of music. I love these urban mythsl Trevor Go on. stMra Oh? Rob So he hoped they didn't mind 100 much rhat he'd taken their car without permission. Have you heard Ihe one about the couple whose cor was stolen and. the crook hod robbed their entire house of its conleots... I the house. right well. to make a long $lory short. Trevor Incredible! Rob Well. there was Ihis couple in Greenwich Villoge. Elidt wa ys of completing the sentence in Exercise 5b and write good sentences on the board. so .. I don" think I've heard that one. you see. they went to Ihe show and when they got home offer it. Trevor Oh. ask students to listen to the story on the audio and check their predictions. And? Rob Well. his wife had. Rob So they reporled Ihe theft 10 the police. Ask students to copy and complete the table in their notebooks. and one morning they wake up to find thol someone hod stolen their cor. Jane Mmm.. they found thai while they hod been out enjoying their Broadway musical. pour me anather gloss of wine and I'll tell you.. Rob So. gone into Iobor with their first baby. ITrack 28 features three excerpts of muSic. Rob. they would still have their possessions. they later found that the thief hod used their car fOf a robbery on the very day it hod disoppeared! Unit 6 T 6S Words. 3 Prepare Ask students to follow the guidelines to develop their story. Here. 5 Compare For Exercise Sa..no. And? A nole?Oh? Simple phraseslwords Go on. pause the recording and tel] students to write notes to build up the story. all righlthen. they got home from work to see the cor bock again. yeah . big house. and think of images. to $Offen the blow. Rob.. . you know. Oh. Answers Interjections Incredible! Oh. Shira But you soid they hod a goroge . he'd enclosed two tickets for a Broadway show thor weekend. Trevor Oh. gorage. You must have heard it. later the some day.. Oh. professionals. anyway. After the first piece. Trevor No. no. with eyes closed if they like. Rob Well. Mmm..t 2 Task Go over the instructions for the task carefully with the class. outside Rob Yeah. Trevor A note? '9~------------------------------------------------------. ond . and . I bet.. Rob Great. Ask students to write their stories from their notes and then exchange stories with another student to read. with a note under the windshield wiper. . Shira Their cor was stolen? No. This Oduolty happened to a friend of a friend of mine . words . hove another drink. thanks.

and so on. he would never have met Pe nclope. Now use these guide lines to help you develop you r story. . to encourage the speaker. c Give your story to a di fferent partner to read. using the stories in this lesson to give you ideas. 1 If Tom hadn'l gone to the party. Make any changes you wish to the content or the language. mfHlIlwhile. Oh. and write the responses in the table.2 Task 4 Feedback In pairs. words. Story-teller: Use your notes to guide you. ask questions. words . but don '( take notes yet. as soon as. Listener: Show you are listening. Make any changes you wish . follow the b Complete the sentence. make commonts." 5 Compare 3 Years later. 1 The characters: are they young or old? How do they feel? Z Time and place: where does the story take p lace? (city/country? ins ide/o utside?) When does it take place (morning/evening?) 3 Background: what was the weather like? What had th ey been doing before the story began? 4 Ending: you can make the ending a "surprise" in true urban myth tradi tion ! 5 Language narrative tenses: simple past.. Notice the way the listeners res pond to show they are listening. you are going to listen the story correct? to three pieces of music. past perfect progressive connectors: when. hore are the sentences th at begin each of the throe paragraphs of yOW" story. ~ Think about your story. tell your story to each other. To h elp you. to check understanding. As you listen. music and tho images it brings to your mjnd. after a while. past perfect. ~ a Listen to one of the stories from Exercise l a. Rob. he looked back: if he hadn't . 2 They had been going out together for about a year when . Were your predictions correct? b Go back to the notes on your story and write it up as a complete text of about 150 words. 6 Notice 3 Prepare Look over your notes fo r the three paragraphs. Interjections Incredible! Echo questions I repetition Their car was stolen? Simple phrases I words Goon. Make notes of any phrases they usc as you Iiston. to show interest. Which of you wrote the more interesting story? Which had the best English? Words. and then. Take If the couple hadn 't gone to IJ1e theater. and try not to read word-by-wo rd . Practice being You are going to write a very short story and tell it to a good story-teller and a good listener! other students. Each piece goes with each of the three paragraphs. 7 Follow up a Read the full version o fth e other story from Exercise l b on page 147. To Which story is it? Were your predictions about help you develop your story. finally adjectives: to make your story more vivid ~ Listen to the conversation again. The music will stop after each p icce to give you time to write. notes to bui ld up your story.

The nev. The car must be ~ repaired immediately. may (not).} I haven't seen She may not have arrived yet.somethi"Ig.) • When the Answer thes e questi o ns. She wanted to buy some wine so she @ ' can have stopped at the superma. Negative ~ train gets hef"e at 3. \'Vhen we include the agent.r. 0Ne want to avoid bIarnilg a.mat was You will be notified in due course. She may have arrived. )( She may have affl. This Is too repetitive to be correct. we intiOOuce it with by: We use must (not) / may (not) I might (oot) / ootid (not) / can't + have to make deductions aboot the past and to tal< about possiJity i"I the past. What do agent is known but not important: A new Jaw regarding advertising was passed yesterday. trough it may be important. who did . prog<BSSive Simple past The childlBfl are being taught latin Itlis yeaf.rket Liz 1 Uniforms must be worn at all times by soldiers on duty. Vocabulary Summary Literature You poor thing! Here. but we tend not to use it with the present perfect progressive or past perfect progressive.I" order was ~ prepared YIIher'l I last checked. Positive She must have arrived. Our cat was run over by a ().30. Joe Uz Joe Have you seen Sara? No. her suitcase. 0Ne don't know who stole it. '" 5 My wallet was taken from my jacket pocket yesterday by SOOlI3()I)9':"-' V Yeah. I suppose She she'd get here S @ must have. and I 8 mustn't ~ have stopped for more than ten rTW1utes all day. I ~~ could have left home before six this morning.rj1 day. I just wish so we can start dinner. dramatist 2 The passive Use oovet p~y playv-mght hIstorian screenwn journalist histOf)' boo!< • When the agent (subject) of the verb is unknown: Our car was stolen last night. $he may not have arrived yet. she 3~ may not have. Note that we do not usa the negative of must or the positive of They mustn't have anMJd yet. might (not).' Past The book was being printed last night. haslhave + been + pp had + been + pp modal verb + be + pp He could have arrived. so she 1 must ~ve arrived yet. Ycu k:lOk tied. The letter had been sent before I realized . Ycu Uz Joe Yeah.. The verbs stxm differanllevels of certai'lty. She can have atrived.) Newspapers and scientifiC texts frequently use the passive in this way.ama movie screenplays new"""". '--' De cide if these passive sentences are correct or not.) Sometimes we want to put new information at the end of the sentence to give it more importance. X They can't have anMJd yet. have a drink. Co rrec t those wIth e rro rs. We use the passive to do this.. . ~ Certain She can't have arrived yet. st~1 dark outsicle.".! Past perfect Modal passive A new bridge has been built over the river. (The government passed it but we already know that. 3 YQI.ect + modal verb + have + past participle The modal verbs most often used are must. words..rseIves I someone else. } The train isn't due for another ten She couldn't have arrived yet.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Deduction and possibility in the past Use • • Sometimes we leave the agent out because we do not want to sa-.r Harry Potter story was eagerly awaited by miIOns of fans. 4 0cIer teachers are often asked questions by younger teachers.• 1 someone who writes for the lheater? playwright 2 someone who writes about the life 01 a famous person? hiogrD plll~r 3 someone who writes about important events in the past? historian 4 someone who writes fictional stories? novelist 5 someone who writes dialogues for the movies? screenwriter Unit 6 Words. @ can't have hoc! a tot.ted.) Mom. the COOkies were eaten while'you and dad were out. She was walking. we call . It is not always possible to use an active sentence instead of a passive one: Translators have translated all the books. No. She !Tight not have arrived yet./ Choose the correct modal verbs in this conversation. Less certain She might have arrived.} She could have arrived.. Kind of writing poet" Writer Kind of writing Writer poet novetist bklgrnphy d. and can't: prog<BSSive P<esent parlee! They must have arrived by now.:vas Joe Uz Joe being pnlparlld when I last checked . We can use the passive in most tenses. Fo"" We form the passive with the verb be and a past participle. 2 The books have been awaited for a long time. (I ate them but I don't want to admit it. HE!( coat's hanging in the closet. words . Your order rng V . minutes. bklg""". is/are + past participle is/are + being + pp was/wete + pp was/wal'"e + being + pp preseot P<esent Fo"" sub. She ~/ can't have gotten caught in traffic. The books have been awaited for a ong time. could (not). Tense Simple Form (pp iii past participle) Example Our bills are paid through the bank.

look al the "ingredients of a good story" below and number them in order of importance: 1 == the most important. --. making opportunities to speak English In pairs. ~<J REVIEW Review your action plan. even on a beautifully sunny day. The blow must have knocked me unconscious. I was walking home from school. And I'm still visited by the baunting thought that death can come calling at any time. at first two days earlier as soon as before that summer in the meantime Descriptive tanguage adverbs: sadly adjectives: merciless unfortunately slowl y suddenly piercing brightly shiver ing sea-bl ue dangerous l y b Now find examples of some of the points in the table in the anecdote in Ex8f'Cise 1c. II was a beautiful sunny afternoon with not a cloud in the sky. a problem. It ricocheted off a tree and then bounced off my head. You can rewrite it as many times as you like. Match the paragraph with the part of the story. 1 Think of an interesting story that happened to you or someone you know. Follow the steps below.g. Although I remember nothing of the accident. Words. 2 Analyzing the organization of a story Read the anecdote again and look at how the writer develops the story. Note: you wi ll need to show your final anecdote to your classmates at the 8fId of Unit 7. 1 heard friendly laughter and I looked up to see two boys playing in the trees..ph 3 a Develop the story step by step.ph 2 Pamgn. there was a scream and then all fell silent.. words. tell your partner about your action plan for Unit 5. a story that gets the reader's attention and keeps rt. c Read this story. 4 Applying what you have learned You are now going to write a short story of between 150 and 200 words. Suddenly. Ten ses I verb forms past progressive (to set the scene) simple past past perfect past perfect progressi ve reported and direct speech Sequencing expre ssion s meanwhile later that evening . You can use the model in Ex8!'cise 2 if you want.ph 1 Pamgn. most of which will be past forms two days earlier slowly suddenly as soon as piercing brightly b Compare your answers with the class. a surprise. e. although the truth is I don't recall anything immediately after that unlucky event. but put the story into paragraphs and make it as clear as possible.J o o o o o o a wide range of appropriate vocabulary and interesting expressions a well·organized narrative that is easy to follow and understand an interesting plot that makes you want to read to the end 3 Analyzing how language is used to make a good story a A writer needs to use variety to make a story come alive. 2 Make a few notes to summarize the main points of the story. Cl! ~ >- o --' LJ.PLAN [> Your action ptan. 5 = the least important. 6 Finally. --I--l-.. e. 3: o 0.. words Unil6 . I took my usual shortcut home . b End in an interesting way. 4 Write a fi rst draft.c d Intreduce a change in the action to increase interest. solve a puzzle. writing an interesting story Finish writing your story. 1 have a three-inch scar along my skull to prove it. and through the trees. S Read you r story. Paragraph 4 Grve backgrOUnd to the story. Correct the English and add descriptive language to make it more interesting. that is. The two boys bad been playing with a sugar cane knife when onc of them lost hold of it.J > LJ. Don't worry about producing perfect English now. 1 What title would you give to this anecdote? 2 Did you enjoy the story? Why? / Why not? past perfect progressive shivering before reported and d irect speech that summer sea-blue dangerously in the meantime I was a six-year-old living in Hawaii at the time. over the fence. Add some more examples if you can.along the beach.g. Pamgn. In pairs. The next thing I knew I was lying in a hospital bed with my head bandaged up. Put the types of language in the box into the correct column of the table. rewrite your story on a clean piece of paper and give it a title. I'll never forget what happened. at first simple past unfortunately past perfect characters that are well-developed and believable a range of different tenses.C) i= -:: a z A narrative 1 Looking at what makes a good story What makes a good story? In this lesson you will ook at the techniques involved in making a good story. You probably won't finish it in class but you will be expected to finish it as part of you r action plan. and wtlat opportunities for speaking EngliSh you have taken. provide a 'twist: 3 Organize the story into paragraphs. a In pairs. answer the questions.

(already) When we arrived at the auditorium. 'II be (be) a great Jean I don't agree..soinl to bave (have) the baby in three weeks. so II buy I new cell phone I if \. 1 If the New World / not I discover I native civilization I not "--" I destroy. I think he 6 dad! d Expand these notes to make complete sentences. Then look at the theories the detective is formulating and make deductions.it's a mess ! 4 Are you doinS (you/ do) anything? Tom Well. Use the word in parentheses. '--" e Look at these notes made by a police detective at the \. 3 She / might / got I bellor grade I if I not I feel sick I all 1. they would Jive in Australia" ./ scene of a murder in New York. 1 The lecture started at 9:00 and we arrived at 9:15. he 4 ' U go {gol to it . be would be { would have been happy . Jean I saw TIm and Helen in the street.. If Fran got married to John. so I'll buy a new cellphone ifit isn't too expensive. it's Father's Day so I 5 'm going to cook (cook) dinner for my dad in the evening. Helen's huge now. I they I live I Australia. Tom 11 'm going (go) to a concert on Saturday night.. the lecture bad already started . 2 The police are questioning several suspects. or going to + verb.. b Complete this conversation using going to + verb. native civilization wouldn't have been destroyed. (being) Several suspects are being questioned . '--" but l ean 't soe that happening. Tom Dh. I'd love to. isn't he? If there 3 is (be) a football game. (might) They migbt have bad more children if they'd been richer. 4 I havo somo spare money. Any plans for Sunday? Rita No. not really.. ./ the day of the exam. Do you want to come? Rita I'd love to but 2 I teach (teach) my salsa class every Saturday night.. Why don't you join us? Rita In the evening? Thanks. though? Jean What do you mean? Bob Well . I forgot. (bappy) If he'd remained single. right. I'd buy that apartment if! were you.a Complete this conversation using the simple present or present progressive tense. Ho 5 won't want (not want) to sit at home and take care of the baby. (dating) They bad been dating for four years before they separated. If the New World had not been discovered. . She 1 '.. 3 Marriage made him unhappy. 4 They didn't have more children because they couldn't afford them. She might have gotten a better grade if she hadn't felt sick on . [have some spare money.. he's very selfish.she might be his girlfriend 4 He still had a lot of money so the motive for the shooting couldn't be theftlmoneylsreed 5 He still had tho tickets for the game so he couldn't have 80ne to the game c Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one.. 1 He was wearing a wedd ing ring so he must be married 2 Ho had two passports so he could have dual nationality 3 He was meeting a woman named Paula .. That's my advice. will/won 't + verb or the first conditional.. 3 I 'm going to stay (stay) at home and clean my apartment .. 5 They separated after four years of dating.. Bob Fantastic! Do you think TIm 2 will make (make) a good father.J I not I too / expensive. 5 I I buy I thai apartment / if / I I be I you. 2 If Fran I get I marry I to John.

'Iegetables. Martha c. screen novel play poetry biography I h What do the speakers need? Choose an objcct from the box. Martha Bnd her ~utu. There is one extra item. His mom and background was compl~te ~ he was just a baby. f his parents 81 scared because 0 d M'ke got milrried. correction Ouid 3 I can't wake up in the morn ing and I'm always lale for work.!2. but Mike's family liked the idea of marriage I different. 1\'10 years later t oy go. a fiber b fat c carbohydrates d minerals e vitamins f protein 1 2 3 4 5 found in food like bread and potatoes and gives your body heat and energy @) fowld in food li ke oil and butler and gives you energy but is fil llening I!il the parts of fruit. an alarm dock 4 We keep arguing about who's going to do the dishes after dinner.a a:~~idS. and milk that makes you strong Rnd healthy I!l natural substances in foods like iron and calcium. an answering machine . two years liltor Marlha an 1 Complete the text with a form of the words in the box. out together for years Martha and Miko had ~eoll gOI~I~ e they decided to live and after they both fi mshe: co \gengagod but Mike together. e was tile correct wasn't really sure whether ~arn:~raditiOnal family and me slep for him. d th 2 stepslSters .. have been completed g Read this story a nd comillele it with the words or Match tho words with the a ppropri ate definition. Happily. wheal) that help food pass through your body I!l a substance in foods such as meat. a dishwasher 5 I'm out of the house a lot and people complain they can never reach me. His dad had gott~n di'lO~:in. 1 The worl d's first cell phone virus has invented by hackers. Claude Lomax in 1906. Over mother temalDed 1 . Co rrect the mistakes. eggs.r There is a 8rammatica l mistake in each of these sentences. were 3 Native American languages speak more widely than Spanish in Bolivia. sticky notes a hole puncher an alarm clock an ironing board correction fluid a dishwasher an armchair a paper clip an answering machine a food processor a washing machine 1 Do you have anyth ing I can hold these pieces of paper together with? a paper dip 2 I've made a couple of mistakes on this application form. become close fr iond s mother-i n-law a single parent fr iendsh ip stepsisters .~ Martha thai Mike was O along well and she explilmo ' r ' ed marriage. are spoken 4 Children are teaching Greek in tenth grade. designed by the famous French designer. \Qug r 'endshi\! or marriage? Mike. 1 can'. send it like this.' rcmarfl'ed and Mike noW ha close frien ds .~Ul becOme rea . M. which we need for good health lID phrases fro m the box.le O arent but hi~ dad . was 2 These shoes !!.aJ the years they had 3 "ke another sister to I ht that sho was 1 sometimes I. or grains (com . So did he want 4 fI 5 mother-in-Ia'!. being taught/are taught 5 The new skyscraper should have completed by next summer. got Luckily.

thin noses are often loners and workaholics. so they tend to be bod.fempered and can suddenly "fly off the handle". to team sports.~c:ondepressed. This type has a large head and a wide. ernie at lotic intelligent/ not very smart SOCIable/a loncr b Read the articlc and check your answers. People with Ioog. 58 Unil7 Body language . 2 Reading skills a Th. 3. This type has a GLOSSARY untrustworthy not copablo of being trusted fly ofT the handle become angry very quickly lacking without something. someone who keeps their feelings 10 themselves. tr~ to describe the characters of the people In Exorcise 1 from their faces.1 Vocabulary: the face a Match the faces with these descriptions. and while many people 05SOCiale dase-set eyes with a ntrustwort rson. Use these words and phrases. There are certain fealures thot tend 10 indicate personality types. tends to be small. fSliy-. such as the four below: 1. They are active and enjoy physical work in the open air. These people are basically introverts: they tend to be quiet. This athletic type tends to be of medium height with brood shoulders. angular face A 4 small head and small facial features 8 b Complete the labels 011 the faces with these phrases.. Match each description with one of the faces then compare your answers in groups.. They tend to be loners. In p8i~S. types. they p::>inl more often to someone who i uIC'1 in In According 10 face-reading specialists. small ears and a small nose. round face C 2 long. round face. cheerful demanding honest outgoing predictable slow-wittecl ~. bony lace. c Find personality adjectives in the article that have the opposite meaning to these. faces fall into certain types. This type hos a small head and small facial features. discuss these features. these types can react spontaneously without thinking about the consequences. optimistic. Their personality is oo. having none of someth ing a long. I h lve aca.ct· d . They tend to have a lorge. 1 wide. they tend to have a low forehead.·m"lIlIv they're extroverted. angular face with thin lips. Some people believe we con judge bushy eyebrows thin lips prominent chin low forehoad heavy eyelids small nose full lips small ears close-set eyes c Can facial features lell you anything about a person? In pairs. they can be emotionally ~ble. Face reading has a long hislofy and even IOdoy people ore surprised by ils accuracy. cha nge suddenly tl} 2. They prefer individual sports. bony face D 3 large. Although by no means locking in intelligence. such as boxing and weightlifting. full lips a weak chi n close-set eyes thin lips a high forohand bushy eyebrows 0 person's character from their faciol characteristics. 4 .a article on tho right is about face reading. ox~rovortcd/introverted optimistidpessimistic qUIet/confident calmlbad-tempcred lazy/. Many movie directors and other artists tend to belong to this type. They generally don't like sporls. usually square-shaped. such as heavy eyelids indicating on introveft. The nose is often flat and the chin is prominent. Nevertheless.~t ~~~:~~~~.

Elicit a few ideas from different pairs at the end. Body language T 70 Unit7 .) Ask students to discuss the features in Exercise 1c in pairs.n exercise 1. Remind students 10 check the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. (For example. you may need to check the meaning of the adjectives by miming and showing. ask students to match the descriptions to the faces and check in groups. using the descriptive adjectives in Exercise 2a. then check in pairs. Go through the answers as a class. Objectives Vocabulary the face Topic: face-reading Reading a psychology article Writing a detailed description Speaking describing people's faces of a face Put on the board a large magazine picture of 0 person's face. ask students to lahelthe paris of the faces at the lop of the page. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into pairs to make predictions aboutlhe people i. As a whole class. etc. [n Exercise l b. Ask students to match the words in Exercise 2c with opposites in the text. •• In Exercise 2b. push out your chin to show "prominent" chin . Ask a few pairs how they have described the people. Ask students 10 do Exercise 1a in pairs. Ask How can you describe this person's face in deloil? What con you say about this person's personality? Do you think you can make guesses about someone's personality from their face? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: the face Bri efly pre-teach the paris of the fac e by pointing to parts of your face and asking W}lQrs this? You/' chin..

3.) at the lop of each one as you collect them. angular. laughter lines 4 very. Additional actMty Bring in a pile of "faceso cut from mogozines.3 Speaking ski lls Ask students to work in small groups. round. Suggested a nswers: oval. Let students check in pairs. small. fairly In Exercise 4c. quite. narrow mouth lips fu ll . If you feel any students might be uncomfOrloble tolking about their appeorance. friendly. ask them to write their description. Coiled the magazine pictures and stick them on the walls around the classroom. C. slightly wrinkled : hair is receding. 5 mouth/ lips. Tell students they have seven minutes. Students have 10 read their descriptions aloud while their partners look at page 147 and identify the face being described. plump. heavy-lidded eyebrows thin. long. and give each pair a magazine °foce: Ask them to work together to write a description of the foce. deep-sel. wrinkled nose large. long face Ask studonts to read and analyze the texl in exercise 3c by answering the questions in Exercise 4b. Write a number Il. Put the descriptions in a pile on your desk and ask the pairs to pick up a description. etc. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks. square-shaped eyes large. check answers with the class while you build up a class lable on the board. heavy forehead broad. low. and find the picture. Which pair can match the most descriptions to pictures in that lime? Unit 7 T 71 Body language . slightly. 2 1 fo rehead. 3 eyebrows. Then ask them to work in pairs or small groups 10 complete the lablo. 2. Collect all the descriptions. bloodshot. dose-set. bony. wide-set. flat. Give the groups five minutes to discuss. high. and write a letter IA. read it. and match it to a face. narrow. elc. Afterwards. large. Move around the class. wide. small. In Exercise 3a. Then lei the individual concerned decide whether the description matches hisfhor personality. poi nted. aftor students have selected their identikit picture from pago 147. 7 ears 3 looks intelligent. wide. pointed.) on each pidure. Ask students to read the description in Exercise 3c. long. Then ask ono perSOIl from each group to stand up and describe one of the famous people to the class. Ask students in groups to describe the faces of the famous people in Exercise 3h and decide what they arc like. thin. they have to decide whose face in the group matches which description in the text. light blue. small. th ick. then briefly elicit answers from the whole class. B. 2 eyes. Note Handle Ihis activity with sensitivity. thin ears sticking-out. raised. 6 jaw/chin. Make sum students have finished their descriptions before going on to Exercise 4d . Divide the class into pairs. bushy eyelids wrinkled. Encourage students to try oul phrases from the Useful Language box. Answers: 1 The first sentence describes the fa ce and general appearance because it is best to start with a general description before moving to spocifics. slightly hooked wido. 4 nose. monitoring and helping with idoas and vocabulary. then skip exercise 3a and move straight on to exercise 3b.

The hair is receding a little from the forehead. wide. USEFUL LANGUAGE Do YOII think / Would you say thai you 're shy? How would you describe yourself? Do you think the descriptions ore accurate? b Look at the faces of famous people below. Student A: Read your description to B. look at the description in Exercise 3c and answer Ute questions. light blue eyes are wide-set and quite heavylidded. His/Her mouth is wide. angular face. pointed. narrow. His/Her large. see how good your description is. bloodshot. Write a careful description of the face. The eyebrows are very thick and bushy. with fairly thin lips. c Now read this description of a famous person and match it with one of the faces.g. Mel Gibson Nose Mouth Lips Ean. and are low over the eyes. Discuss what the faces say about their characters. wrinkled. The person's nose is long. and looks intelligent. How many examples of the faces described in the article can you find? Are the descriptions accurate? Check with your classmates. e. Body language Unit? . raised. Face Eyes Eyebrows Eyelids Forehead oval.3 Speaking ski lls a Look carefully at your classmates. and the chin is quite prominent. one each from groups 1. Write as many ways of describing a face as you can. plump. pointed. which is slightly wrinkled. thick. This person has a long. 2. broad. large. 1 What docs the first sentence describe? Why? Z Number the parts of the face in the order of the description: nose ears eyebrows forehead jaw/chin mouth/lips eyes 3 What other details about the face does the description give? 4 Which words does the writer use to modify the adjectives. deep-set. friendly. giving as much detail as you can . Turn to page 147 and choose the parts to make a face from the " identikit pictures". full . b You are going to write a very detailed description of a face. very? c You have witnessed a crime and you need to describe the offender to the police. d [n pairs. thin. He/She has a wide high forehead. ilnd 3. The jaw and chin are strong. First. He/She has quite long ears and has laughter lines at the corners of the eyes and between the nose and mouth. Student B: Look at page 147 and identify the "face" that A describes. e Now swap roles and repeat Exercise 4d. 4 Writing ski lls a Complete this table with words and phrases from the lesson. and slightly hooked at the end . You will need to identify Uuee parts of the face. large. sticking-out.

3 Peop le use clothes to give an image of themselves. 5 One of the most important things in forming opinions is gesture." c "That's great!" Listen to a body language expert ta lking about first impressions and check the aspects of a person's appearance that the expert mentions. 2 There is a danger of stereotyping people but first impressions are often correct. 1 a " I don't like this.Body talk 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Look at the pictures of the six people." 6 a "I really don't know. LANGUAGE NOTE The verb look describes only appearance. but not after look: They seemed to be interested in the house." c ''I'm tired. 4 The face is importan t but expression is more important . voice." 3 a "Out of my way!" b "You're in trouble!" c "I'm terrified! " 4 a "I don't have any money!" b "I hate this place. He/She looks like + noun phrase: He looks like a boss / an authoritalive person. She seems authoritative. He looks velY pleasallt." b "I'm feeli ng great. but seem can describo behavior. We ljke Persall 2 most. Listen again to check if necessary. look at the pictures of people. " b "I really don't care. etc. We often make up our minds about people on the basis of first impressions. We can use to be after seem. build I!:j' height !1 color I!:j' clothes character 0 posture 1!1 face 1!1 eyes 0 hair 0 expression ~ gestures voice 0 1!1 i!1 b Complete these notes about fi rst impressions. USEFUL lANGUAGE He/She looks/seems + adjective: She seem. Choose adjectives to describe each one. c Do you agree or disagree with the statements in Exercise 3b? Why? / Why not? 1 Uni17 Body language . aggressive arrogant authori tative bored confident conten t easy-going edgy indifferent nervous relaxed superior threatening vain ® - 2 Speaking skills a In pairs." c "Everything's okay!" 5 a "I don't know what to say.~ confident. but she looks like a warm kind af persan." b " I can't wait to get away. Which one(s) would you like to meet? b List the reasons why you chose the perso n/people and discuss them with another pair." c "I'm so nervous." c "I hate giving presentations. She seemed sure oj the facts." b "The interviewer looks sick. 3 Listening skills c What do you think each person might be saying or thinking? Choose the best answer then discuss it with a partner." 2 a "r know they respect me.

and we often make up our minds. but if that person is miserable and frowning. But of course. Howev€!'. In most countries rt moons "Everything'Sfine". you're an expert on gesture. there is a danger of st€!'ootyping people although you'd be amazed at haw often first impressions are correc1. Another example is the shrug . their color. Then put students in pairs to think which words describe the other people.{re nervous. she was roolly talkative and funny. ~ depends on your definition of body language. 6a Play the audio agai n. how about posture.{re imporlant because they're the first impression we get of how people choose to present themselves. arms above their head th€'{re feeling grootl Similarly. is their physical appearance . Answers: Students' answers may vary.and irs so variable from country to country. their clothes. which corry stress on the se<:ond syllable. the following are likely: 1b 3 a or b 5 all 3 are possible 2 a ll 3 arc possible 4c 6 a or b 3 Listening ski lls Play the audio for Exercise 3a . except for the following. However. of course thars imporlant.you know . How imporlant is that? B £x!remely imporlanl. how loll they are. standing upright but relaxed with your hands 00 your hips gives a sense of being in control and authoritative. re'/axed. we form opinions about people on !he basis of first impressions. 4c. imogine someone standing with their legs aporl and leaning forward . in some countries it is extremely rude! Sa you can imagine Ihe impresslon that might gwe . Ask students 10 listen and check their answers to exercise 2c. you've done a lot of work on the Imporlance of body language.how important are they? B Th€. Husually means "I don't know: Finally.for us it terlds to mean that the person is thinking. A Now. R ead the adjectives aloud modeling the correct stress. but for some nationalities.their build. the way we carry ourselves.Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing Pronunciation intonation of feeling Ustening interview with an expert Speaking making inferences linkers expressing contrast personality about character Slar1lhe lesson by checking the meaning and pronunciation of the adjectives in exercise 1. when we storied talking. Elicit adjectives from tile box to describe the woman. 5c (but b in some cultures). Do Ihe first as ao example.J Check understanding with questions like: Introduce the topic How can you describe someone who is always shouting of people? (aggressive1 How can you describe someone who thinks he or she is better than otherS? (arrogantl 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Ask students to look at picture 1. Ask students 10 work in pairs 10 complete the notes in Exercise 3b. Elicit descriptions from the class. Ask students to check the boxes for Exercise 3a.think of someone sitting with their legs extended. Finally. people may choose to give a different image of themselves. A Isnl that a bi! dangerous? I mean. Answers: According to the body language expert. so someone in smarl business clothes is likely to be authoritative.that can be very threatening. of caurse. in which case ~ ploys a huge perl in forming opinions. su'perior. A Okay. con'tent in'different. You may need to play the audio agai n.raising both shoulders. You can be ottracted to a beautiful face. A You mentioned clothes . you know. or even thai th€.~ means trouble! A I see. - Body language T 72 Unit7 . The mare we extend and stretch ourselves. but expression is more imperlanl. However. How imperlant is thot? B I think gesture is one of the most imporlant things in forming our opinion of peopie and responding to them . Ask students in pairs to discuss Ule best answer in Exerc ise 2c . How great a pori does it play in forming opinions about peop!e? B WeD. the following are the best answers from 2e: 1b. On the other hand. I think of rt as being everything about our appeorance. despite the person's beauty. ~ ~ 30'' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------. Put students in small grou ps to discuss tbe statements in Exercise 3e. What about the face in oil lhis? B Well. [The stress is on the first syllable of all the words listed. The first thing we notice about people. ag'gressive. ~ A Fran Mast€!'s. but rt can also moon the figure zero. 3b.. formed by the thumb ond forefing€!'. I remember sitting next to someone on a plane who was dressed in black and she looked pretty somber. Take stroking your chin . a classic example of a gesture we hove to be careful with is the "0" sign. 2 Speaking skills Point out the Usefu l Language and Language Note boxes before asking students to choose and describe the person they would like to meet in Exercise 2a . especiOlly if the person is also pointing aggressively . you don't gwe people a chance! B Well. the expression will create a great€!' impresslon. ~ suggests they think someone is siCk. 2a. the more content and relaxed we are . so we do hove to be careful. ou'thorifalive.

neverlheles$ or prepositions or prepositional phrases lin spite of. just listen... Quick grammar guide: linkers Contrast linkers. With the correct intonation. This is wonderful. Give students time to practice their dialogues. I'm not really sure. Each type follows different form rules. 'Nhich con be difficult for students to remember. the stronger the emotion (enthusiastic. using longuoge from the lesson. Common problems and 8ITOfS Students often translate directly from their own language and confuse the form rules. . 322'-.4 Grammar: lin kers expressing contras t After asking students to underline the linkers in the examples in Exercise 4a... .ite IRQ!! I~Q!j tired. the more extreme the intonation pottern is going to be. can toke several forms: they can be subordinoting conjunctions fa/though. later _ _ it altematM> 5 Pronunciation : intonation of feeling Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Addffional activity Ploy this papular intonation game. This is owful .. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Students tend to forgel of in in spite of. he/she__ Although he/she~ he/she_. I can't wait for the interviC'N to be over. Play the audio again for Exercise 5h.. this is great. Read through the Grammar Summary on page 78 with students before asking them to complete the sentences in Exercise 4b. Ask students to match statements to pictures. etc. lJesf. Encourage students to exaggerate when they mimic the strong intonation potterns of the speakers. he/she . angry!. Then ask one or two individuals to repeat. Tone range in English is very wide. adverbs...).--. However. I'm not really sure. Then ask a few pairs to oct out their dialogues for the closs.. Mmm . You say thot og<lin ond you1t be SOfry! Mmm . Pause after each statement and ask the class to repeat. Can Ilhink aboul it 0 liltle bit? I'm sorry. when I got to know him/her.. this is great. When I first met he/she seemed . using the expressions in Exercise 5d. Help students prepare to speak about mistaken first impressions by writing some sentence starters on the board. Unit 7 T 73 Body language . I went out iR spile R'W headoche. and there's my new boyfriend. but I think we need to talk about your lost essoy_ This is wonderful . I 2 3 q 5 6 Now. {however. the chair is so comfortable ond reloxing. Ask students to choose the correct linker in Exercise 4c and check with a partner. 2 3 4 5 6 Now. just listen.. I'm sorry. This is awful. Intonation is the 'music' of a language -the way the tone of our voice is used to express emotion and carry meaning.. BosKally. Write the following words in a list on the board: No Movies Yes Oh Homework Tonight Why not When Parents Tell students in pairs that they con put the words (but only these wordsl in any order to make a dialogue.. End this Pllrt of the lesson by putting students in pairs to practice speaking with feeling. At first. I went to the party. despite!. or connectors. so irs Important to get students to exaggerate the wa>f the expressions are soid when they imitate the recording. Ask students to match statements to feelings.. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. elicit rules from them. End this part of the lesson by getting students to ta lk in groups about mistaken first impressions in Exercise 4d. the dialogues can be very funny.

but I think we need to talk about 2 Mark proved to be very reliable despitelin spite of your last essay.. In groups. she was rea lly chatty and fun ny.. joins two clauses. the chair is so 3 Mark arrived an hour late for his interview.. when judging a person.. this is great. followed by a comma 3 . 5 1 Mark proved to be very reliable 4 I'm /J o t really sure. 2 his laic arrival for the interview. 3 Student A: Say any of the short expressions below with one of the feelings in Exercise 5b. let's go. Use the linkers fro m the be sorry! 3 examples and these: 2 Mm m . ~ b Listen aga in and match the statements with these feelings. theiT chi ldren. Try to copy tho feelings... However. practice speaking with feeling. love their children as much as less !onnal parents. despite the person's beauty. Body Ionguoge Unit7 . 5 We try to mako everyone welcome ·n spite 0 Then SWAP ro les. even though fin ding some people very u lendly. d In pairs. . 4 HoweverlNeverthelcss . he statement. just listen. . 1 nevertheless though 3 This is o wf ul . Expressions 6 Somo paronts can be vory strict and fonnal with I really don '/ k no w. talk about the situat ion and contrast your first impressions with your final impreSSions.. comfortable and relaxing. 1 There is a danger of stereotyping people. 6 This is wonderf ul .'ti by a comma ~ a Listen to six statements and match them with the b Complete each sentence below with as many people in the pictures. Can J think about it a little although/even thoughlthough he arrived at the bit ? 6 interview an hour late! 5 I'm sorry. sho looked rather somber. he proved to be very reliable.. in fac t she was a lot of fun to_be with.. 4 Student 8 : Listen and say which feeli ng A is ex pressing. a) serious l[) bl enthusiastic III cl relaxed f!) 1 ~ I Despite I thought she was going to be dl ansry [) eJ uncertain 11) 0 miserable lit a very boring person. linkers as possible. Even though I€ verthele-mthey Really. ~ c Listen and repeat the first few words of each 2 €Spite EJ I However his serious appearance. c Choose the correct linker in these sentences. I can't wait for the interview to be over.ing. You say that again and you'll Summary on pago 76 fi rst. the expression will create the greater • .. precedes second sentence after a period . Try to remember an example and make notes. separated by a comma 2 . How are YOII ? And what 's next ? d Most of us have made a mistake at some point Come on. . and there's my new but even though in spite of boyfriend.4 4 Grammar: linkers ex pressing contrast a Read the examples from the interview and underline the linkers thai express contrast. impression. separatt. Read the notes in the Grammar 1 No w. .. followed 5 PronunCIatIon : mtonati on of feehng by noun or .. although you'd be amazed at how often firs t impressions are correct.

.s. Write them next to these rules for using -ing verbs.ing verb a Look at the statements in Exercise 1c and underline tbe -ing verbs. Then compare your answers with a partner. b Read about the people and check how good a judge of character you are! the U S d ' h nes and murders in Clyd~ Barr~:9 t e ) 930s with her paOner Americon.ing verb: 1 as the subject of the sentence: t.Hlcations on m traveli"J'. terrorist activities in Europe in the ol'9..J not sure:: 1 disagree:: I d'sagree strongly:: 0 ) ' enjoy. in Venezuela and Was li~k~~ol. by calling. Telling lies can be serious. a Cash machine. on publJc resume.ng. discuss your responses to the statements in Exercise l c. 3 I would never admit to _ _ to my boss or my teacher.readin&. exaggerating 2 as the object of the sentence and after some verbs: ~ng. USEFUL LANGUAGE about Jews.. r op e In my family. by traveling.. I said "agree" for Number 1 because I reod my husband's e-m ail. or er.eaYI:I1. about my inthepasth qua. ~aggeratln. decide if they are honest people. who murdered al~:s~os. 5 _ _ is not very good for you if you suffer from high cholesterol. !eavinj" Out informatIon from WoUldn't admtt Your income tal( f nOrmal _ orm Is !!" receivf~ too mUch everYOne money from does it. Hitler's master of the · big lie" _ th aZI Germany and 2 Grammar: the .Dishonesty 1 Speaking skills a Are you a good judge of character? Wo uld you trust these people? In pairs. Give reasons for your response. e propaganda c How honest are you? Decide whether you agree or disagree with the statements below. 6 I've always hated people _ _ when they're not my parents or my boss.07uO's \l Number 4 is Jose h G b propaganda minister i~ N ~ bels. a story to make It more Interesting ISn't dishonest.e was born and 80s. 2 is the best form of exercise for allaround fi tness . the e-malls intended fo other pe . 4 I really enjoy _ _ on the weekend in the winter. honest are YOUl How 2 5' 3 6" 4 7 8 J think / J believe stealing is wrong. I don't think reading other people's e-mails is serious when you share a computer with them because they know it might happen. Number 3 is Uich Ram' also known as Corlos th lrex Sanchez. c In pairs.g. then add up your score and read the analysis on page 149. We use the . I'd try to get a jab & ve saved money !.l!!!&. I Work ~ CaJUI1l n sick now and th en. Unit7 Body language . J disagree with cheating. agree strongly:: 4 agree:: . y transPOrtation Without a ticket. I don·t think COPr'ng my classmates' Work for aSSignments . who Number 2 is Aileen W seYen men . H. to receiving. an She Was executed in 2002 Number 1 is Bonnie P k committed bank rabbe . 1 I'm not interested in wasting time _ _ . b Complete these sentences with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other words necessary. copying 3 after prepositions: by ty:.::!ake extra vacation is dishonest.

etc. for political reasons to be executed = to be killed by the state for committing a crime •• Vocabulary check Ask students to do the quiz ill Exercise Ic individually and then chock their answers in pairs or groups. 2 Grammar: the -ing verb Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 2a in pairs before checking the rules as a class. end this part by getting students to discuss Ute questionnaire in exercise Ic in pairs. In Exercise 2c. Answers will vary. to murder = to kill a person 10 commit a crime/murder/robbery = to "do" a crime a murderer = someone who kills a person a bank robber = someone who takes money from 0 bank a terrorist = someone who kills people using bombs.ing verbs when they speak. point out the Useful Language box. go oround the room. Answers will vary. As students discuss the questionnaire. Ask students to road the short texts in Exercise lb and check their answers. write some of these errors on the board ond elicit corrections. elicit answers from the class and ask why students thought the people were honest or dishonest Ifor example: He/She lias worlll eyes. a nervous smile. Afterwards.). _bock Body language T 74 Unit 7 . You may wish to check students' understanding of the "crime" vocabulary in the text. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 2b and then check in pairs. a role-ploy Write on the board: Introduce the 10pic tell the truth tell a lie tell a white lie Ask Are you an honest person? Do you always tell the truth? In what situations should you never lie? In what situations is lying acceptable? 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to briefly discuss the pictures in Exercise la .Objectives Grammar the -ing verb Topic: being honest or dishonest Reading a short story. monitoring and noting mistakes made involving Coneclion -ing verbs. Also. Encourage students to use . o questionnaire Speaking discussing a moral dilemma. etc. At the end of the activity.

Answers: 1 A consultant 2 He felt he was charging a company an exorbitant fee. Remind students about the Glossary. Building . After students complete Exercise 3d.ti 3 Reading skills Give students a couple of minutes to fead and think about the questions in Exercise 3a.a responsibility to earn. and then ask them to check their answers with a partner. Unit 7 T 75 Body language .. . Ask students to list the opinions of their "character" in note form and add any from exercise 4a . Write the roles on the board. Monitor and help with vocabulary. and ask each student in each group to choose one: A local resident 8 social worker C member of local Chamber of Commerce o local doctor When students have selected their role. Answers to Exercise 3c will be individual. would be . Then match one pair with another to form a grou p of four to do the role-play in Exercise 4b. Then put them in small groups to discuss their answers. Remind students that tbey have to come to a decision about what to do about the site. Presentation altemative Write some useful language on the board to help students with the role-ploy: I think / I believe we should. When the students are ready. Encourage students to discuss their answers with a new partner. ask them to discuss the site. but. ask them to look at page 146 and read their role card carefully. say. Surely it's beller to / important to . eight minutes. ask the class whether the minister's advice was the same as their advice. I see your point. 3 He didn't know whether he should be honest and resign or not. In Exercise 3b. 4 He felt a responsibility to his family . 4 Speaking skills Ask students to read the newspaper extract in Exercise 4a and in pairs make a list of possible opinions. have students work individually to find the answers to these questions. Give a time limit of.

The . Body language Unit . wanted.3 Reading skills a Before you read. H e said. expec ." he said." H e was on a first assignment with a wcll~kJl ow n consulting firm in New York City. and to chart a way to profits. 1 How do you think the minister responded to the man's request? 2 What would you have advised the man to do? 3 What do you think the man did in the r end? d To find out how the story ends. though it's easy to see many faults in its operation and cite remedies. the notoriOUS The fate of d in the Las \ t onan vacant p o . Maine.3" h ostilitY . 1 What was the man's job? 2 What was the problem he perceived with h is job? A Moral Dilemma everal years ago in Bangor. I am convinced that we are charging this company a n exorbitant fcc far beyond its power to absorb and far beyond the proper charge for the services we arc rendering. consIdering the moral implications of your decision.000. d hom . . Do I have the right to renounce a good salary and impose hardships on my fa mily until I get another job?" GLOSSARY delermine find oul absorb (here) pay without finding illoo difficult render a service give/offer 8 service b In groups of four. addiCts an for the site IS ntn\an . evaluating the operating of a fail ing company in Bangor. " It's just what S 3 What wns his moral dilemma? 4 How did his fa mily affect the moral dilemma? c In pairs. The rn and all are tomorrow evetUJlg wel corne . 4 Speaking skills a Look at the newspaper extract. ceun . . " I worked for months to get this job. discuss these questions. In pairs. the consultants were to determine the reasons fo r the losses of the comp. For a fcc of $25. " I've been walking up and down the street wondering if I should disturb you. 's The cur r e l' the CItY uild a hostel for a1 is to b ut this propOs . imagine you are al the meeting. yearS ago. Be honest! 1 When you need someone to talk to. {row \oc 6. Come to a decision about the site. who do you turn to? 2 Would you resign from a job if you had to do something you believed was wrong? 3 Would you resign from Ihal job if you and your family needed the money? II Read tho story on the right and answer the questions below. a man knocked on the door of a minister late at night. I need someone to talk to. b met With te d to be a1 residents. g star ts at . going to be di tflCt 1S EstfeUas s '" evening at decided tOIUorro\ '"" hall. in the Cl~J e a n'lC eung tY since fir d h as been ern:P 'wl t\\lO \ an the old hoSP1 destroyed _1 residents and \oC<u . Your teacher will give you roles from p~gc ~4G. Should I resign and tell the board of the company how I feci? My responsibility to my family disturbs me. But.my. look at the bottom of the page. answer these questions. homeless. discuss what you think might be the opinions of the poople who live near the land. increastng\y have become rnptY plot dasthce • conccrne attracting drug has been eleSS people.

W e are looking for people with a creative streak and lots of imaginatio n.bOut y o xt tune you're on an dra.ti°C:t~on.... rson's co:aununica. b Read the ad for a fundraiser. w ho will be able to think of and manage original but successful fundraisi ng projects. 1 What do you th ink the people are like? He's/She's the kind of person who . What can you guess about the people in the pictures? ACCOr ()1D.. .'~: even gotten to in u before conclusions a. the "Three Vs"': visaU say) ..g to one UCLA. The ideol candidates will be commiHed to ecological and green issues and will be passionate and enthusiastic when dealing with both the public and with other organizations. Your interpersonal skills will be essential in establishing a rela tionship with potential donors. list the qualities and skills necessary for n tho job advortised.a. k eep betWeen tWO llUU tun. the first Of::: the first 30 S~~le when they roe et :~t"View. and to help us ra ise the funds necessary to continue our research. percent nonverbal COJOlll~k the connection dewrro. would you discount any oftha applicants in the pichlres? c L pairs. AbOut 93 another usi. studY.::. On the basis of appearance alone.\ne ds ro. then answer the questions.Rainforest ~Research Rainforest research is looking for experienced fund raisers to ioin our team! We need highly motivated people to raise public awareness of the problems faci ng rainforests today.- 1 Warm u p a Read tho toxt below. What would you say about those aspect s? appearance nonverbal communication oyo contact han dshake backgrou nd oducati onallovel commun ication skills confidence voice Candidates will ideally have experience in working for a charity.ke or bres.~ .l ( what Y ffectiveness is vocal (voice). but trai ning will be provided.wing the interview room. 2 What can yo u guess about their past? He/She m ightlcouJd have .~dO :~:t~~e interviewer JIly~.ng and verba. Unit 7 Body longuoge . Moreover. He/She looks I looks like . people eVal uate one ual (appearance) ..

finn Background : well-traveled. 1 Warm up Ask studonts to do Exercise 1a in pairs. He looks like a movie star. make eye conlad. the passive interviewers' notes Ustening an interview ponel Speaking assessing candidates. warm. Ask students to read the ad in Exercise l b and discuss the question . need to have worked with people: an interest and knowledge of environmental issues Educational level: well-educated but no need to be very intelligent Communication skills: need to be very good Confidence: h igh . smiling. e ncourage lots ofspccullllion. prepare what you won/lo say. She may have worked in public relations. Ho looks confident. wear a suit. Possible list: Appearance: smart casual. CVs. enthusiastic Non-verbal communication: good posture: confident manner Eye contact: need to be good at making eye contact. arrive on time. the post. positive •• Bodylonguoge T 76 Unil7 . Suggested answers: Matthew is tho kind of person who doesn't like people to be late. She's shy. Louise is the lcind of person who likes to be friendly and helpfu l. As students report their answers to the class . smile. Monitor and help with ideas. friendly. Some possible answers ore: licil dress smartly. whol is il importonllo do? Introduce the topic E answers and write a lisl on the boord. Then put students in pairs to list qualities and skills under the headings in Exercise l c. be polile. perhaps arrogant. smiling eyes Handshake: strong. enthusiastic. Ask If you wont 10 make 0 good impression of a job interview.but not overly so (arrogant) Voice: clear. She looks confiden t and easy-going. Ho might have worked for a high-powered company.Objectives Grammar Topic: interviews Reading dedudion and possibility in job ods. Anna is the kind of person who is very quiet at parties. making a presentation Write on the boord: A job interview. be enthusiastiC: be positive. She might not have been to a job interview before.

r r Unil7 T 77 Body language . and that kind of thing. good eye cootOCf. buI it isn1 really. finonciol planning. NIaIIhew . maybe? And her Quolificalioos oren1 exactly relevant. I thought at first he seemed a bit indifferent. I do. we'd better look at the three candidates hove hod some personal problems or B Yeah. usually by questioning someone thoroughly. she should learn that in a couple of weeks. financ ial planning. When students are ready. who! did yoo think of Anno? ""'good' A Well. Start the role-play. Do you? A Yes. interpersonal skills aren't really good enough. End the lesson by discussing the questions in Exercise 6b . I wonder why she hod those two years out from 2000 to 2002. Okay. Subdivide the groups and allow the two interviewers and three interviewees five minutes to prepare. with tho interviewers faci ng the candidates. though her degree is exoctly right.and he must hove hod plenty of those in advertising . he did. degree is right Matthew likes a challengo. not excited about the job Elicit answers from the class before asking students for their own opinion. discuss i t. I didn't think she was 100 confident.. Her interpersoool skills orenl really good enough. I think we should get her bock for a SC(ond interview. She might I liked him. B No. Ihe "". liked travel potential Louise pleasant manner . B Mmm. too. well he sold he likes a challenge . B True.. not excited obout the job. in Exercise 5c.she must hove done exactly whot we wonl in the Greenpeoce iOb . I thought 01first that her theater we've interviewed today. I think thars her manner. Wei. She's got a very pIecsont manner . the Greenpeoce job mUSl hove involved more office work thon our job. thors one job filled. sending her on a course should help. She'd be good at the personal side of the job. il ~ 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa.nico smile. Play the audio again. theater management experience not relevant: a little too confi dent . /Jo. Ask students to listen and note the outcome. Go around monitoring and noting any mistakes for later discussion.her 0 eye conlOO wos bod. Ask students to copy the table in Exercise sb into their notebooks. she didn't wont 10 tell us. although Anna hod the key experience and skills. A Good ideo. ask them to sit a circle of five . but then he improved during the interview. make sure students understand that debriefing means finding out information about a past action or event. ~'-----------------~----~~--------------------------------------.so he might hove thought at first tho! the job didn't offer enough challenges. on interesting guy. if we send her on a training course. you know.. good experience in fundroising and managing money . Ask the chairperson of each group to prescnt their ideas to the other group. Encourage the interviewers to be diplomatic in what thoy say. 4 Feedback Pair up groups. find out which candidates students would recommend and why. look. kept looking over my shoulder. He gol more interesled v. let's do thot. Answers: For Anna experience in fundra ising and managing money. Ncm. Answer: They offer Matthew a job and ask Louise to come back for a second in terview. possible personal problems at first seemed a bit indi fferent. at first I lhought louise would hove beerl ideal buI she locks a key skiI. and from whol Anno said. and irs what we need. Ask students to refer back to tho list they made in exercise l e. I think we should offer him one of the jobs. she really needs 1 wort. helping with vocabulary and ideas. A Yes. she lacks a key skill. A A liII1e 100 confident. A No. Go around the class. 3 Prepare Ask students to remain in the same small groups and follow the instructions to propare for the group presentation. Now. something. Well. 6 Follow up Before dividing the class into groups of fi ve for Exercise 6a.nice smile. and tho! ki'ld of thing. Okay.rtywaoJ. When eliciting answers from the class. Rnonciol planning is key! We hove 10 hove someone who coo do thot! A Well. on those . relevant..tlen we talked oboullhe travel potef1lial. B Me. and make notes. let's go and tell them the news . good eye contact. maybe? qualifications not exactly relevant Against Greenpeace job more office work than this job.she WOSfi't really right fOI' '"""'" ""'. eye contact was bad. I dOll't think we can management experieoce may hove been B Yes. A So. B No . she kept looking over my shoulder. would be good at the personal side of the job. TeU the interviewers to briefly list the points they wish to make to each candidate. A I agree. gel 0 better ideo of how QUickiy she might pick up the financial side.. Have students listen and make notes. B Yes.2 Task Divide students into groups of four to read the infonnation.

G enpeace Fundralser. Think about the fo llowing: 1 How will you arrange your presentation? (by candidate. In groups. Anna Matthew Louise Fo. prepare a three·minute presentation of your recommendations 10 presenl 10 other groups.U. Would you recommend each one or not? 3 Prepare In your groups. would you change any of the decisions? Body language Unit 7 . then give the resu lt of the interview to each candidate in tum and tell them why they got I didn 't get the job.1998 1998-200 0 work 2002. etc?) 2 What language will you need to compare the candidates? 3 What are your final recommendations? (Remember. read the information above and make notes about each candidate. What is tho outcome of their discussion? ~ b Listen again and note the points made for and against each candidate. there is more than one job. .) 4 Appoint a chairperson to take notes for the presentation.Matthew Candidate information Anna 'ucation 1995. discuss these questions. listen and offer advice afterwards. Work in groups of five and take these roles: the two interviewers. f Maryland (Environmental UniversIty 0 Studies) . Aga inst c Did you agree with the docisions ofthe interviewers in Exercise Sa? 6 Follow up 2 Task You are going to present your assessment of the best candidate for the job.2006 xperie nce : '- . Candidates: Talk 10 each olber about how the interview went fo r you. Anna. by skill. Ce rtificate in The ~ sutant) f~_ • Mana ater Management Interviewers' notes ger. Do you agree with their recommendations? Can you add anything? 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people discussing the candidates after the interviews. Matthew. b In the whole class. re Louise Jj. Then Iislen to their presentation. experience.2002 2003-2004 Work experience 2004-2006 Qualifications I~& ~~ ~ in Media Studies . Harden BiochemiCals Research assIstant . 1 How did you feel about tho debriefing meeting? Z After the debriefing meeting. then respond to the interviewers when they are ta lking to you. When they are talking to the other candidates. and Louise. Interviewers: Prepare your feedback for each candidate. Lyric Theater 4 Feedback Present your analysis and recommendations to another group. a You are going to hold the debriefi ng meetings with the three candidates.

we finished it in time. enjoy. although. Reading lots of books is the best way to ~ demanding edgy intelligent optimistic quick-thinking slow-witted arrogant aggressive bad-tempered calm coofident conl ent dishonest easy-going honest indifferent . pessimistic neM>US team new • as the complement or object after some verbs: Yotx WOfSt habit is lying to me! I really hate rushing to finish assignments. She didn't get the Pb even IflcxJgh she had the ng. we finished it in time. add an idea thai makes a previously mentioned idea surprising or less true in spite of.t qualifications. despite Introduce a second idea thai It was a very difficult job. 4 One thing I enjOy doing in my free time is _ _ " 5 Vv'hen I have enough money. 2 _ _ is the ideal way 1 learn a foreign language. Compare with a partner and explain your choices. d91y. Nevertheless.I<Wfications. he £Ptthe job. dislike. though. VV'hen the subordinate Clause comes first. despite is fl'lOI'e formal than in spite of. cI"Wl ears eyebrows eyelids eyes face forehead lips mou1h """ Make combinations of these adjectives and a noun from the list above.. 1 _ _ is the best way to be successful in your career. avoid. arn::! one with an opposite meaning. . suggest. We can use a variety of forms of contrast.thinking 2 dishonest honest introverted demanding slow·wilted 3 extroverted 4 easy-going 5 intelligent want to lead a good life in my country. Complete these statements with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other necessary words. sane people are not happy 800ut this. . however. Complete this table with one adjective with a similar meaning to the one provided.XpI'isi"lg Fonn Example SLtJordilating c:orlu1ctkxls: join a mail clause arx:l a subordinate clause. before the main vern: cheerlul deprossed extroverted Introverted outgoing quiet Studying hard is the only way to pass the exam. keep. In spite of I despite having long hair. 0 3 _ _ Is important if you ' <i.gy untrustworth y outgoi ng rel axed {Iuick . i"lO'Nev€r". However/Nevertheless. 5 thin . we separate the clauses with a comma. 4 AlthOugh I am not an expert in computers. miss. makes the maln idea surprising He got the job in spite of / despite his long hair. Unit7 Body language . INhen the ~te clause comes first. ~ 2 Personality adjectives academic athletic changeable active authoritative 2 The -in9 verb We use the -ing verb in the fOllOwing ways: • as the subtect of the sentence. U. mind.! chin 3 I don'! earn much money. I in spite of some people not being happy about this.'ed by a noun oc-ing form of the verb. prepositions: follov. Complete these sentences with your own words.x:Jge people by appearances.happy • after the following common verbs: like. ". The Slbor'dnate clause can come frst or second h the sentence.. 1 In spite of being a good student at school. was a very difficult job. advertls: precede a second sentence: usucilly after a period but can be after a AlthOugh she had the right Qt. Followed by a comma.". hate. 1 an angular face 6 7 hewy e)!elids 2 a promineflt 3 full D21!fl a high fo r ehead lins l ips 4 buShy eyebro ws • 9 10 bloodshot a poijnted sticking-out e)!e!. """ though intrOduce a second idea thai makes the mai"I idea SI.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Linkers for contrast The lable below Shows a number of ways in which we can compare and contrast two ideas. It sam-colon. Note: in American English we can also use to + infinitive after like and hate: I hate to be late.. . 'M3 separate the clauses 'Mth a rorrvna. 2 I enjoy my work/studies althOugh . . Write or talk about the contrasts in your life. with little change to the sentence: We often judge people by appearances but/ though some people may not be happy about this.. Adjective t ne<VOUS -- prodictabIe Shy threatening untrustworthy """""" su"""' "'" Similar meaning Opposite meaning oa1~ • after a preposition: He apologized for being late for tile Interview. Vocabulary Summary 1 The face We often. I look forward to _ _ " Choose three adjectives which describe you and three which are not like you at all. she didn't get the Pb. We often judge people by appearances in spite of the fact that some people are not happy about this.

How many definitions of this verb are thefe? five 2 Each headwooj is followed by a number of different categories of words. you 'll fail the exam. b Italy will have to play against Brazil in the final of the World Cup. it's time to get startedl You are going to work on the word face.~:~h. phrasal verbs.U L. look at the headword face.e".h~Bon~.. or have never worked with one.gth: c~on'1'e work.U 1 be turned to 2 deal with problem 3 accept 4 talk to sb 1 look al the headword for the verb face. A ~ can. I fels.ing form Pronunciation 1 \'Vhich is the stressed syllable in faceless? fa ce 2 PtvasaI verbs are made of a verb plus one or two prepositions and adverbs. a You have to accept that if you don't study. Put this list into the order thai they appear in the dictionary: compound nouns. idioms or phrases."i/ . The COuntry is now faced Withc.hft.h Wit.f. 2 Using a monolingual dictionary At this level of English. Note: you will need to show these notes to a classmale at the end of Unit 8. vefbs or the prepositiorv'adverb? the preposition 3 Think about stress and say this sentence: Face up to your responsibilities Your action pla n: exploring idioms and compounds Look at the entry for eye and the compound entries that follow it on page 157 al the back of your book and complete the task on page 156. General organization face} I retsl verb *** 5 compete against sb + PHRASES + PHRASAl VERB -J L. phrasal verbs.500 most frequently used words in the English language. Body language Unit7 .C~~~P~~~%~~:. Then discuss these questions. ~ b Look at the dictionary entries 00 page 154 and see if you can add anything to the group's lisl. ~ o > o Cl. phrases. ~. spd/.~. Is the main stress on the fr. 3: fa~~t·~~~~r~l~s:nar~~i~~~~l~St person does f repr:sen. Iby sth of war. g>ed Joy <>pJ. compound nouns 3 How many p/vasaI verbs are listed undef the headword face? one Meaning 1 How many definitions are given for faceIfft? two 2 How are examples sho\. c I want an apartment that looks onto a park I want an apartment that faces the park. %~re:gb~rr~~sing: I'll never be ablelStg:~ult 5 T t am GJ ter what happened. you'll fail the exam. tf ' fi .>UU"i/1P'Y 1 'Nhal did you think about the anecdote? 2 Ive there arTf questions you want to ask about the story? 3 can you make My suggestions 10 rnprove it? O~ ".. exchange and rBad your partner's anecdote. hdp ""' ckd.z Z (!) Using a monolingual dictionary 1 How a dictionary can help you a In grouPS.54~. • I turn:~ {~%~e 2 . list all the ways a dictionary can help you. ~e do .he S ~~~~~~I~i?§~~:}t~~nt~ ':t"Jn~~: ~~ omg 5th I just exists fact that she still miss~ h' had to face the 4 [T] to talk to someone Wh~~tn . I<J<] REVIEW Review your actio n pla n: writing an interes ting s tory In pairs. look at the stress in the phrasal verb in the extract.u~~~1.. .Macross thfie ta·ble.Yn in this dictionary? in italic 3 Rewrite these senteoces USilg a form Of the verb face. you shoukl be working with an effective monolingual dictionary. if you don't study. If you aren't working with one.hftl noun [Cj 1 a medical operation to make someone's face look younge~ 2 work that is done to make someth¥lg look more attractive ay... Italy will face Brazil in Lhe final of tlie World Cup. It is in red because it is frequently used. ace conference. Let's face it. . • face doin th M e P10spect workers faa! losin~ ~heir of the shipyard . Now answer the questions that follow the extract. The three red stars mean thai it is one of the 2.' y room aces north [T] if you face a problem or if it Ii you have to deal with it" be f d ~hes YOU.~d' ~:tyO~~ it is true: Let's face it. § ~ IX . can t ace attending another let's fac~ it spoken used before saying somethmg that people might not want t ~J~.1m -nd .t a large organization ecause they ace. lilT] i::t 2 Is the p/YasaI verb face up to transitive or intransitive? transitive 3 WtJch two forms can follow can 't face? noun. w~llfi~cec°Campepte/agfiamst someone: Williams ria I or the title !A~] ~yat~c~~~~itt~ ~~~~n:~tion to have your face or front toward omeone or something' The two m fh~~~~he. Grammar 1 What part of speectl is the 'NOId faceless? adjective left it 'until t~~d':z~~ic:.

it hasn' t been specially set up by the photographer.the race Cae . h~ . It captures a mo ment af great emo tio n: rage. Read each captIon and match it with the correct picture. was now funning lor the tope knowing 1had hit my limit.. And he's got a dean background. ' ewasmy . Steve Ovett. b In group. S It is timeless . The onxiety over the lost meters wos unbeorob! h~m~n being. The more popular place to go for in big games is at ground level. Which is the most popular picture in your group/class? 2 Reading skills What I love about the picture is that the phOtographer has gone up high into the stands. The expressions on their faces and the fact that they aU look as thOugh they are about to run off in different directions is wonderful. ecstasy. th iS shot. 1 Speaking skills USEFUL LANGUAGE Whot I like about this picture is ' 0' f don't know why llike 1M!. It all happened so fast I loved shooting this man h .. It was a normal fight H Scharfma n. I've just been out to MIChigan to shoot him again..it did take five or six players to take him out! He was a mesmerizing player and what the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. ~ . victory. the race for the finishing line.The great picture shaw What makes a great sports picture? In 2003. co~pare your answers. fearless .. I'm not sure which is the best picture. not a great story behind this Picture. the great SPOrts' erb If/ustrated h t t p a ographer was there 00 ~ he's the one that you can ~ behind the champion's legs. 2 3 11 captures 4 It i s spontaneous . Cae crosses the line to toke the 1500m gold . It's a a Th e~e are the captions that accompanied the photographs. . the Moscow OlympiCS. Among thelT choices were these three pictures. reporters on the UK Observer newspaper ch~se the 50 best sports photographs of aU time. the essence of a great competitor : deter mined. .- GLOSSARY mesmerizing very attractive. bul .. defeat. Justify your preferences w ith reference to the quaht\es III the text. picture that sums up this great player beautifully . all of which illustrate qualities thot make a great sports picture.s . movement.. 1 B ~ It captures a great event: action. It was such a bloody marvelous leliel. ® There's © '--' The moment the world 01 athletics 'NOS Mood upsid e down.more than iust a great sports picture. Herb actually had first choice of seats was a bit annoyed when I got so I 500m had already won the 800m gold . Which picture do you think is the best? Number them in order of preferonceand note your masons. a Look at the text and the pictures. causing you to watch UnitS Sports .aVOrlte subiect Such a WOnderful I· A lew meters post the line I sonk to my knees. picture. !he fovorite fOf tt .had dreamed about for years. But this time 0 was beaten by Sebastian Cae: -I couldn't see Steve.

Objectives Grammar Topic: sports Vocabulary Reading noun clouses using whquestion words track and field extracts from a sports magazine Speaking ronking photographs according to criteria Write Olympic Sports on the boord. Afterwords.. S ports T 80 Unit8 . so you cou ld road it aloud while students listen and read.on alternative You may need to check if students understand some difficult words connected with emotions and qualities. T hen compile a closs lisl on the board. Give students a one' minute time limit to do this. not afraid Vocabulary check Z Reading skil ls Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a quickly. The lext is short. Give students two minutes to rank the pictures in order of proference for Exercise 10..the moment of winning . H Tho boxi ng picture: Muhammed Ali knocks oul an opponent. The photographer has captured a brief momenl. 1 Speaking skills Ask studen ts to look at the pictures. Ask students which sports they enjoy playing or watching and why. It is a good idea to model the task first. In other words. C The ath letics (track and fiel d) picture: Sebastian Cae ofC reat Britain wins tho l S00-meter gold medal at the Moscow Olympics in 1980 . A~ernolively. They should scan each text for clues as to which pict ure it describes. Presentot. Then div ide students into groups of four to six to discuss their proforonc(ls in Exercise l b. Elicit as many sports as you con from students and write them on the board. Answers: A The soccer picture: Diego Maradona of Argentina fa ces the lJelgian defonse in the semi-fi nal of the World Cup in 1986. ask the class which words helped thorn answer the question.give them two minutes to do it. put students in pairs 10 write their own lisl. choose a pidure and describe it: What/like about this picture is it /s spontaneous. name the sport. and lell you what is happening or has just happoned in each picture.and he beats his great rival and teammate Sieve Ovett. Draw their attention to tho Useful Language box.. rage = extreme anger ecstasy = extreme happiness determined '" really wonting to win/succeed fearless". Introduce !he topic .

Ask them to work indiv idually and then compare their answers with a partner. Guessing meaning from context Ask students to work out what port of speech the word or phrase is. Suggested answers: 1 stop him. 4 at the end of my physical reserves. At the end. Let students work in pairs. then answer the questions. Common PfOb'ems and errors Students often attempt to apply question forms 10 Ihe clauses. for example: What/like about soccer is the ball skills. Oul must be a phrasal verb. ca n be confusing for students because (unlike yes/no questionsl there is no inversion or use of question-forming auxiliaries after the question word. Those who finish early will have longer to do the discussion in exercise 4d. 4 Vocabulary: track and field Have students work in pairs or groups of three or four to do Exercises 4a to 4d.Ask students to match the captions to the phrases in Exercise 2b. or by that + a clause (= subject + verb + object). take . then check their answers with the Grammar Summary on page 88. in Exercise 3a. 3 the fi nishing line.. with an overall lime limit of ten minutes. For example. What/like about soccer is that the players are so skillful. Have them appoint one person as the timekeeper for the group. Presentation 0_ •• Ask students to complete Exercise 3d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. briefly check the groups' answers.. I'd like to know R9W €lees f::Ie play so wel/. beginning with a question word. A good way to manage this activity is to leave them to work through the activities at their own speed. Unit 8 T 81 Sports . We use noun clauses as subjects when we want to emphasize them . Then ask them to use other neighboring words to help them decide what the words might mean. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2c. Answers: Here the noun clauses are subjects. out must mean defeat or stop. Nobody knows WRI' i5 Re so good. take . Point out that is needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase. five or six players are needed 10 do this. 5 an excessive amount t ·· a Quick grammar guide: noun 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) Have students underline the noun clauses. 2 photograph. clauses Have students do Exercise 3b in the same way. Noun clauses. . So. For example. Do the first sentence in exercise 3d as an example..

7 What attracts me to watching sports on television is . discuss these athletes. .! diving wei&. 3 You can see from this picture why Coe was such a great competitor...htlift ill8 the javelin Person swimmer longlwnper his!Lj ume.that means it accelerates fa ster than the space shutt le! 3 long jump : a kangaroo can jump 13 meters. 2. why b Are the noun clauses the subject or the object of the sentence? the object b Now look at these sentences from the captions a nd underline the noun clause.. 2 What the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. is my fa vorite sport : 4 What I really like Idon't like about the Olympic Games is .. 1 boxer 2 soccer player 3 runner 4 basketba ll pl ayer 5 weight-lifter 6 race car dri ver abi lity to ru n/jump speed strength hand-eye coordination love of danger ability to work in a team stamina determi nation I think whot mokes a great boxer is . d Complete these sente nces with your own words. c Check your answers in the Gra mmar Summary on page 88. Which ono describes (or which ones describe) the fo llowing? 1 a great personal ity A. a cheetah a flea a kangaroo a dolphin an ant 1 sprinting : the cheetah can run 100 meters in five seconds. C 3 an unusual perspective for a picture A 4 movement A .. 5 One thi ng I don't understand about sports is why .. 8 I can't understand the menta lity of sports fans who . b Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 88. How Bre these different from 1. 13. C 5 victory B. Verb swim do lhe longjump do Ih ~ higlu ump sprint di vl' lift weights Ihro\\ the ja\'clin Sport swimming long jU1I1J. 2 high jump : a fl ea can jump 100 centimeters high .b Read the captions again. and 3 above? Why do you th ink this is? 1 What J love about the picture is that the photographer has gone up high into the stands. 4 swimming : dolphins can travol great distances in the water without stopping.. how. but an ant can lift 50 times its own weight... using the criteria in the box and any others you can think of. Underline the noun clause in each sentence. 2: What I dislike about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . 6 It always amazes me in big soccer or football games how . 1 What I like about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is .. C 6 great emotion B.l the high jump sprintin). 1 take him out {A} 2 shot (8) 3 the tape (C) 4 hit my limit (C) 5 unbearable (C) 4 Vocabulary: track and field a Complete the table with the correct nouns or verbs. at a speed of up to 46 kilometers an hour. 2 a great event A. C 7 the race for the fini shing li ne C 8 professional rivalry B. Then compare them with a partner. c Wh ich sport wou ld these animals excel in? Write the sport in the sentences below. Unit S . the kangaroo rat can jump 10 ti mos its own length. 1 The perspective of the picture is what I love about this one.. Then answer the questions. 5 weightlifting : a real ly strong man can li ft twice his own weight. Figu re out what they mean from the context. a Which question words in troduce the clauses? what .. C c Find the following words or expressions in Exercise 2a. . 3 Lot me tell you why . 2 Herb couldn 't understand how I got such a good shot... e Com pare your ideas with the rest of the class.. d What makes a great athlete? In pairs. it is the fastest creatu re on earth..er sprinter diver weightlifter javelin thrower 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) a Look at these quotes describing tho pictures .

It was developed by the slaves in Bahia.. so as to fight their masters. discuss the pictures. drop onto your elbovvs and kick. LANGUAGE NOTE We can use the expressions of purpose in the negative. So in capoeira you might head butt an opponent. and others to defend themselves. 2 People sometimes do volunteer work . the slave owners prohibited it. about capoeira. 4 Everyone should eat a balanced diet. The first record of it dates from 1770. too: I took up judo so as nollo I so that I .. Soon. b Complete these sentences with an expression of purpose and your own words. Some people see it purely as a way of enjoying themselves. Would you prefer to take up karate or capoelra. It has become very popular in recent years.. Student A: Read the text below. It involves both strength and suppleness. It consists of a number of movements based on attack and evasion. or twist away. others do it to keep fit.1 Reading skills a In pairs. gymnastics.. 2 Grammar: expressing purpose a A common way of expressing purpose is with to: I took up karate 10 keep fit.. 3 We should try to use our cars less . . Find mor~ ways of expressing purpose in the texts. 1 2 3 4 Where did the sport originate? When did it originate? Why do people practice the sport? What are its main movements? d . read about two martial arts.. 1 What are the people in the pictures d· . 2 What is the purpose of these sports? 3 Do you do any sports like these? Why? b In pairs. so the slaves practiced it secretly in the forest In order to disguise it from their masters. 1 Some peop le take up a martia l art . do a handstand to move away. Brazil. and martial arts. Student B: Read the text about karate on page 150. c Ask your partner these questions about their text. Try to make at least one negative sentence. after the early years of slavery. 5 A lot of people do yoga or meditate. wouldn 't feel scared in the streets at mght. the slaves made it look like a dance. • Martial arts: Capoeira is now mainly known as a mixture of dance. omg. WhIch verb forms follow the expressions? Why?/Why not? capoelra Capoeira was originally an African martial art imported to Brazil along with African slaves. GLOSSARY martial to do with war or fighting suppleness being able to move and bend your body easilv '- UnitS Sports .

Objectives Grammar Topic: martial arts and parts of the body Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading extract from a Writing Ustening expressing purpose ports of the body w eak forms with l'd/ martial arts book on advice leaflet on security a radio phone-in Wrile Martial Arts on the board. Some people take up a martial art in order to enjoy themselves. and point o ut tho rules of uso and form. ask one or two As to summarize the answe rs from B's text. Draw attention to the Languago Note .000 years ago Self-defense. a nd B pairs read text B." unci who is going to be "B. .. Karate may not really make me sofer. but I need to save money. Check answers wit h the class briefly.. you give students preparation Hme so that they are ready to answer queslions. In order to disguise it . To. " Ask them to road their texts carefully. Point out the Clossary. kick. Then ask thorn to take turns to ask and answer tho q uestions in Exercise l e. Then they discuss it with their portner. So (thaI) is 0. and vice versa. Answ ers: Capooim Africa Beforo 1770 To en joy themselves. . ond it gives you on opport unity to mix pairs in the classroom. but I started it in order to feel safer. Model a nswers: Some people take up a martial art to keep fit.. defend themselves Allack and evasion: head bUll . By doing this. They are followed by on infinilive.. A poirs read text A... which includes h ow to form tho nogative of an expression of purpose using those phrases.balance and hip ro tation Divide the class into A poirs and B poirs. keep fi t.lell students in pairs to decide who is goi ng to bo "A . For Excn:ise l h . philosophical way of life Allack with foot and hands. so as to fight their masters . karole. You don't hove to walk at nig ht here . to feel more prepared.. ond I do_ Sports T 82 Unit 8 .. here.you can toke 0 cob.. Students then ask a nd answer the questions. Be careful: so is used twice in the text with the meaning of consequently. so thai you can use Ihem with force and accuracy . who ha s read the some text. twist away Karote lndia 2. throw twist self-defense confidence keep fit Ask How are these words related /0 martial artS? •• 1 Reading skills Ask stude nts 10 work in pai rs to do Exercise l a. in order 1 and so as to a re used to express purpose. II is not. Discuss student s' responses to Exercise 1d as a w hole class.udo.~----------------------~ For Exercise 4 on page 83 ::wi Sometimes irs scary walking home at night. force comes from hips . Then mix students so that As are paired with Bs. handstand. followed by a clouse. on expression of purpose. ~. Ask students to give you examples of martial arts I. Quick grammar guide Answers: .. They hove to make sure they can answer the questions and explain difficult words to each other. toe kwon do. so I took up karate to feel stronger. T hen as k a few ind ividuals to read their sen tences aloud for the class. Aftcrwurds. Write on the board: Introducethetopk bell /dc. Let st udents check in pa irs. to keep fit .. Some people take up a martial art so thai they know how to defend themselves. then as k them 10 use their imagination to w rite sentences. kung fuJ. - altemative 2 Grammal': ex press ing purpose Write studen ts' findings from Exercise 2a on the board. drop to elbows. 10 defend themselves Complete tho fi rs t son te nce in Exercise 2b as an exa mple to get stude nts sta rted .

check that they understand that the leafl et is written for tourists. staple the leaflets together to make a guide for vis itors.no . pause the recording. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with l'dl pronundation gQuick The weak unstressed 13/ sound is the most common phoneme in English. thars true. but I need to save money. Host Okay. you could be in trouble. donl go down alle-ywoys or into badly·lit areas if you con help it. Is thot useful? Expert Yes. or1icles. You see. keep to well-lit streets where there are lots of people. Karote may not really make me safer. and took purposeful. I understand that you feel safer. Pass the guides around the class for other groups to read. like. Words which ore commonly unstressed. Host But what should someone like Jason do... a weapon with me now . Play the audio again for Exercise sh and have students check the p hrases the police officer agrees with. After each line. Expert Hello. There's no point in risking your life for money. It should not be necessary to pause the recording for them to write. AI limes. and other structure words ore often pronounced with the /3/ sound. I'd just like to soy that irs not just women who are anocked at night.. Now we hove Allie on the line. H's sometimes bener to walk on the street rather __ than the sidewalk . Expert Joson. try running fi rst. or put them on the class notice board.3 Vocabulary: parts of the body For Exercise 3e. sometimes just feeling sofer can help. using the words in exercise 3b. and the anacker wants money. what happened? Caler 2 Well.if there isn't a lot of troffic. In Exercise 5c. it is. ~ Allow students to check their answers in pairs before they listen to the audio for Exercise 4b to check. He took my wallet and my cellphone. I've heard that if you're allacked. Well. (to.I feel safer. it 5 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise Sa once through and then check answers. Replay the audio. Host What other basic advice would you gwe women wolking alone at night? Expert Well. but he didn't harm me. people come out of their houses to see v. walk toll. Host I understand that a lot more women are taking up martial arts these days. so I guess ~ wasnl too bad. with me today. look ahead. like prepositions. Allow five minutes to discuss and make notes. Sub-divide the groups and make sure each pair chooses a different situation.you can take a cob. Jason. Clues: in a place you don't know. Ti 6 Writing skills When students have done Exercise 6a . The audiascript for Track 34 is on poge T82 ~ 35~-------------------------------------------------------Host Recently. yes. 0 Expert Yes. but I started it in order 1 feel sofer. Unit 8 T 83 Sports . otJ. but an onacker could use your weapon against you. Allie? Calef 3 Yes. the!. Why go on the streets alone? Host We have a coller who'd like to soy something here.-hors happening. It is a good idea to hand out blank pieces of paper to make sure all the leaflets are the same size. not down. if you call out "Helpr. and I do. there's alilhe obvious advice. But. make sure you know enough of the language to . Host We have another call.. martial arts or seIf·defense courses can help your confidence. ankle are important. I was attacked a few months ago . hi. you should shout au! "Fire!" as loud as you can. and irs a good idea. Give them an example (soccer: foot. Allie. rve heard that. of course as you're in the open there. but our first advice would be not to put yourself in any s~uotion 'Nhere there might be danger. After Exercise 6c.. I hove a police expert Martin Fowles. asking students 10 repeat. thaI isn't a good ideo. encourage students to take notes as they liston. shin. Now we hove . but if you coli aut "Firel".. Is that true? Host Fire? Expert Yes. Or if you harm someone. as though you know where you're going. the guy threatened me with a knife. You don" have to walk at night here . to feel more prepared. divide students into groups of four. I live in New York: and sometimes irs scary wolking home at night.if you have to walk the streets alone at night. there has been on increase in anocks on women in the streets at night. Thank you. If that doesn't work. too. if he's attacked again? Expert If you get in a situation that you can't avoid. Police and women" s organizations soy the problem is getting worse. So the progrom today is asking: is there ony1hing women con do? To help us come up with some answers. as is head). what would you like to '-Of' Caler 2 Hello. Sod. irs so unstressed in continuous spee<:h that it con barely be heard. but true . you know. Muggers tend to go for people who look nervous. You dorn want to look like a victim . For Exercise 6b seat each group of six in a circle or around a table. Host Okay. Then ask them to discuss some sports. Deborah? Caller 1Oh. So. Host Ch. Ask students to read through steps 1 to 4 carefully. knee. rve started to carry. you know. people may not want to get Involved.. just give it to him. /0. I wanted to ask about something I've heard. so I took up karate to feel stronger.

. Karate may not really make me safer. but I started it in order to feel safer. 2 Think about attacks that may happen to visitors and the pur pose of the attack.g.. if any. c Show your leaflet to your group . a Go through the Iwo texts in Exercise 1 and find six parts of the body. Then decide on the headings for your leafl et and put a.. If you can't run away: 1 shout for help as loudly as you can. muscles b Match the numbered parts orthe body with the words in the list. so I took up karate@fcel stronger. fo llow these steps. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with fa! a Read what this woman says about why she took up karate. at cash machines. but J need to save money. 1 What is the topic? allacks on women on the street at night. Sometimes it's scary walking home@night. Check each other's content and language. or from others in your city.. 4 Write a list of practical tips for your situation. Example situations: on the street. Capoira: head. . and I do.. Sports UnitS . hand .. Each pair takes a different answer these questions. e. Z Who is the program mainly aimed at? women ~ b Listen aga in. jewelry..-3 Vocabulary: parts of the body \. to feel more prepared. then repeat the lext 2 make sure you know enough of the language to ask for help.. . You don't have to walk at night hereyou can take a cab.ll the information together.. Does the police expert agree with these ways of protecti ng yourseJf? 1 Taking up a martial art 2 Keeping to well-lit areas at night 3 Carrying a weapon 4 Running away from an attacker ~ c Listen and make a note of all the advice that the police expert gives. abdomen armpit elbow fool head hip shoulders toes wrist [jJ 0 [l [) !]j ~ Iill [j) ankle sh in fingers hand heel knee th igh waist ffi III III IJ[J IE) ~ 6 Writing skills a Read the extract below .but make sure you hit the bony part. 1 Divide into pairs. 2 kick your attacker in the shin . fect. 3 Decide what information. In groups of six. discuss which parIs of the body are important in any sports Ihal you play... Do you agree with the advice? situat ion from the ones below. in parks. hips.. The first two are circled for you. elbows Karate: hand16st.who might rcad it? Why? Do you agree with the advice? iJ!I 0 III Practical tips When you're in a place you don't know: 1 ensure you find out where lhe dangerous areas are and don't go there! ' c In groups.. cell phones. money. cameras. ' 2 'tlttract attention by breaking a bottle. If you think someone is going to attack you' 1 start running. 5 Listening skills ~ a Listen 10 a phone-in program on the rad io and b Now write a leaflet advisi ng visi tors on security in your city. tat makes a lot of noise. a window or anything 3 carry a whistle and blow it hard so people can hear it and come to your rescue. you will use fro m the radio program and add information relevant to a local context. Say the text to yourself and circle the words that become weak (unstressed).. on public transportation. Compare your notes with a partner.. ~ b Listen and check your answers.

AIi . however. GLOSSARY feisty having a strong character swollen larger and rounder tha n usual spectade an impressive show (sometimes used to show disapproval of something ridiculous) . That. The diagnosis of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism of the sport.The ring announcer introduced him as the "The Greatest" and ar he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted "AIi.". '-- 1 Are you surprised at seeing wom en doing these sports? 2 Which one is the most surprising/shocking? Why? 3 Can you think of any sports that are more associated with women than men? What might be the reaso n? b Read the article about Laila Ali. Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not "spared her the details of what can happen. laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent. plus his outspoken opposition to women's boxing. She knows she's going to get hit hard at times. ButLaila is a feisty and determined individual and it is that as much as her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention. Since then.. Ali's decision to start boxing despite her father's struggle with the symptoms 0 '.Not for girls? Sport or spectacle? 1 Reading skills a In groups. Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to watch his daughter fight. "arrival on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle.AIi. Laila realizes that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see if she still wants to go forwar" with it. the daughter of Muhammad Ali. "She knows what she's doing. Which of the phrases below refer to Laila and which to Muhammad? Why is each one im portant in the context of the article? 1 the most fam ous sports fig ure on earth Muhammad 2 feisty and determined Laila 3 Parkinson 's disease Muhammad 4 the greatest Muhammad 5 a magne t for worldwide media a ttention Laila Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the fight as her father's fights once attracted." "-laila Ali would rather not compare herself to her father. She prefers to make hr own name. MuhammadAli is probably the most famous sports figure on earth. Of course. that she may get a broken~ nose or a swollen face . he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. You can see some of her dad's moves. Unfortunately." said one referee about her. all right. His presence at laila's first professional fight.. Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 "-seconds. t~. seemed to "-broadcast her father's support. Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of debate and criticism. made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to take up the sport."~ knows about moving well. but at least she is prepared for it. discuss these questions about the pictures o n this page.

Mia Hamm. Volleyball. Ask Whol sports do Ihese women ploy'! Whol qualifies and strengths do they have? What other female sports stars do you know? Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Ask students to work in groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l a . Answers: Sports associated with women : ice-skating. ask students to read the article and match phrases to the people. Serena Williams.S . find out the degree to which your students agree or disagree with each other. field hockey. synchronized swimmingprobably because the sports are gracefu l and balletic. Afterwards. Gabriela Sabatini . In the U. (For example.Objectives Grammar Topic: women and sports Reading on Internet article verb + verb constructions (to + infinitive / -ing verb! Ustening an informal conversation Speaking a role-play Write the names of two or three famous sporlswomen on the board.possibly because these are sports that most girls play at school. to fight/to box a fight / a boxing match boxing ring'" place where boxers fight 01ringside". You may wish to check that students understand these words connected with boxing. gymnastics. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. women's' soccer is very popu lar. In Exercise lb. and tennis are often associated with women .but choose women well-known to your studentsl.. next 10 the boxing ring lake up boxing"" start doing the sport of boxing knock out on opponent ::= make him/her unconscious Vocabulary work Sports T 84 Unit8 .

on his bike .". rd rather spend my free fime motorcycling. Answers: For: iI's exciting Against: she should be studying for her exams. Quick grammar guide: verb+verb Students simply need to memorize whether verbs ore followed by to + verb. you con" use Joke's bike forever. thars obvious. Mother What do you mean. Girl I'm always studying. Irs my 18th birthday soon. I'm in a race tonight. nothing? Where are you going? And don'. . " "the diagnosis of . trs excrting. Unit 8 T 85 Sports .. Gift Exactly. elicit the answer to the first question from the class to get them started. I think we need a serious conversafion oboul all this . Encourage students to read tho Useful Language box as they prepare their arguments. irs just that we think you should be studying for your exams. I'd prefer you to take up dancing or something like thaI. Right now. 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructions Exercise 2a can be done in pairs.about six months ago.. Father [from another room) Motorcycling? Mother Motorcycling? Girl Yeah. ~ ~ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. and discuss the sentences. Pause the recording to give students time to note the arguments. find examples. Ask students to listen and check their answers. . Motorcycling? Racing? How long hos this been going on? Girl I started motorcycling .oy ~so hard.. I don'l en. Elicit ideas from the class and write ospecially good ones on the board. actually t wonted to talk to you about that. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. darling. and complete the table.with Joke.. Mother Now. [n Exercise 2b. then. Mother But isn't It dangerous? trs just tholt'm worried. Once students have read their role card for Exercise 4b. Father And isn't It expensive? t mean. have a brief class debate about boxing or any other sport in which women's participation is currently controversial . Play the audio again. Father But you don't even have a motorcycle. I'm the best student in my class. and thars what I wont to talk to you obout. and I'd reolry like . give them a few minutes to prepare what they are going to say. 3 Listening skills in Exercise 3a. Let them compare their answers with a partner. -~~-----------------------------------------------------. After students have comploted tho sentences in Exercise 2c.in Exercise l c. it 's dangerous. Parkinson's disease fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing" "hor fa mily history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle" "Muhammad Ali wanted to watch bis daughter fight " Following Exercise ld. Mother And why didn't you tell us? Why did you hide it from us? Girl Well. Father Thafs not true. Girl I can already dance. the simple verb. Mother Well.. seemed to broadcast her fath er's support" "Lalla has won most of her fights . Mother And what do you think you're doing? Girl Nothing. Common problems ond errors Translating from the students' first language and overusing 10 + verb My parents don'llel me ~ oul/ole. If you think we're going to buy you a matorcyde for your birthday . or the -ing verb. Mother Wait a minute. Answers: "his presence at Laila's first professional fi ght . also point out the Languago Note that discusses start. thers why.. let lhem check their answers in pairs. Prepositions ore always followed by -ing. and I've been racing a few limes. it's expensive 4 Speaking skills Allow four or five minutes for studonts to do Exercise 4a. soy "nowhere: Girl Okay.. isn't it? I didn't wont to tell you be<:ause you would have stopped me from doing it. hong on.. Girl No . Ask students to research the text. then give students three or four minutes to complete Ule rest of the text. I'm using Joke's but he . motorcycling. I'm going motorcycling... ask students to read the statements carefully before researching the article to find phrases in the texl that support their answers. building up a list for and against.

Try to fill in the blanks./ .he left of the table and find examples of these in the article./ . try to think of other arguments for and against a girl of 17 motorcycling. decide. Then follow these steps: 1 Tell the others how you feel about the situation .. by. Choose your role and read it on page 1413. you'd betler Modal verbs and make/lei Prepositions. 3 I started learning (learn) English when I was five years old./ . d Look at the last sentence in the article. you are going to role play the conversation between Emma and her parents.. Listen to the conversation and check your answers. Make a note of the arguments that Emma and her parents raise for and against her hobby./ LANGUAGE NOTE Slart can be followed by either an -ing verb or to + verh. c Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. . and her mother would prefer her 5 to take up dancing. 3 When you nave reached a compromise and you know how you are going USEFUL LANGUAGE to resolve the situation. Emma would rather 6 spend her free time 7 motorcycling and she wants 8 to talk to her parents about 9 buying her a motorcycle for her 18th birthday. They think that she should 4 study for her exams.c Read the article again. Try not to get angry.g. suggesl Verb phrases like I'd rather. Listen again. I'd like you to . 4 Speaking skills '- _. Sports Unit8 . c Tell the other groups in the class about your solution to the problem. If you agree to X. to + verb Simple verb . She didn't want 2 to tell her parents because they would have stopped her from 3 doing it . 4 Laila has a good relationship with her father. or something else? Can you think of other sports that provoke a similar debate? 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructi ons a Look at the categories on t. a spectacle. b In groups of three. Check ( ~ ) the correct column in the table to show what follows them. Who I'd be really happy if you'd found the best solution? I see what you mean. e. Are they true for you? If not. Category Verbs like IVan I. 1 Muhammad Ali accepts his daughter's decision to become a boxer. stop talking. using some of the Useful Language phrases. prefer Verbs like slarl./ . 2 Discuss the situation and try to reach a compromise. '- 3 Listening skills a Look at the picture then read this summary of a conversation between Emma and her parents. discuss the sentences. 6 I'm afraid of being (be) without work. about b Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 88. 1 I'm interested in watching (watch) boxing on TV." a In pairs. d In pairs..ing verb . Find evidence to support these statements. but . 4 My parents wanted me to follow (follow) in their footsteps and do the same kind of work as them. You will need to negotiate. change them so that they are. from. Emma started 1 going motorcycling about six months ago. 2 I'd rather take part (take part) in sports than watch (watch) them. then /'11 . Is boxing a sport.. 5 I would prefer to live (live) on my own than in an apartment with others. 3 There is a lot of controversy about both boxing itself and about women boxing. 2 Laila Airs boxing career is successful.

.. Nevertheless.. In the old days. 3 The Olympics shouldn't only be held in rich countries. were justly proud of our physical and mental fitness. they should be a good show. 7 The Olympics should be all about entertainment.:::.. excitement is the main '\ purpose of the 1.. but providing . 8 The Olympics should be abandoned these days as they attract terrorists... Sadly. 2 Task You ore going to debate the role of the Olympics (today and in the future). we athletes .. As a small country. too. 4 Tho current system.1 Wa rm up a In groups. something works.. it is about competition and ~ making a living. we should be given a chance to develop. However. Q As an athlete.. ' ideals of bringing peace and friendship..~ medal viIOrd"'~: : In my opinion. 1 When were the last Olympic Games? Whero were they held? 2 What do lhe imagos on these pages tell you about the Olympic Games? 3 What arc tho main objectives of the Olympics? Are they usually achieved? b Read these statements about the Olympics and decide whether you agree with them or not. the Games are a media event: they are all about entertainment.... 2 Countries at war should stop fighting during the Olympic Games. In spite of the ~ .. Share your views with your group. is fairest.. Although there are problems...... discuss the Olympic Games. (They may hold more than one of the views. The Games are a symbol of international cooperation and we have tl"" work with all nations to make them work... 6 There is too much commercialism in the Olympics these days. the spirit of t(e ~ games is dead .) I believe there's nothing wrong with the Olympics as they are run today. 1 Keeping politics out of the Olympic Games is essential... First .. our feelings towards countries we perceive as aggressors. despitE:.." games" eommitte e .... with wars and aggression all around. read the following quotes and decide which of the views in Exercise lb each speaker holds.."7. Breaking world records is important. with countries taking turns organizing the Olympics. ~bA..they must be given back to Greece where they "" ' ~ began" . I believe countries at war shOuld be banned from competing. or at least we should insist on a ceasefire. we should leave it alone...':'--~"_ We are applying to host the games next time so that we can boost our economy and provide more jobs for our citizens. We could be given an opportunity to imprOYe all kinds of services.and the system of having the Olympics in a different country every four years is good because it increases interest. they are beyond the responsibility of the Olympic committee. The games should have nothing to do with politics. "'". ''V ioum<llist G _--------:-:----'-~ ~~... "' The world is in Crisis. 'Gl. 5 The Olympics should be abo ut athletes compoting witil each other. I think the Olympics are an opportunity to prove ourselves on the world stage and to become better known. " "ClaSs athlete Unit 8 Sports . the games exist to encourage the highest standards both on and off the field. The Games should be spectacular . the games had nothing to do with big business or with entertainment for its' \ own sake. " (l) \ . 9 Bringing nations together in friendship should be the only aim of the Olympics..

4 81 . Block Power solutes by American athletes at Ihe 1968 Mexico City Olympics protesting segregation. Afterwards. Give a short time limit. Beijing is hosl of the 2008 Olympics and the 2012 Olympics will be held in london. say four minutes. Ihe murder of 11 Israeli othletes by Palestinian terrorists ot the 1972 Munich Olympics. elicit from one person per group a summary of the main points they discussed.Objectives Grammar Topic: the Olympics Reading quotes Ustening Specking linkers expressing contrast and -ing verbs a committee discussion debating the role of the Olympics Write The Olympics on the boord.7 Co F5 G9 Sports T 86 Unit 8 . for example: Introduce the topic Do you enjoy watching the Olympics? Which events do you walch and why? Is it important to you when somebody from your country wins a medal? Why? 1 War m up Divide students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions and statements in Exercises 1a and lb. The images on pages 86 and 87 show the Olympic flame. Ask students a few personalized questions to gellhem started. Culture note Nominate a group leader to ask the questions and rea d the statements aloud for others 10 discuss. branding and advertising. 0 Organizing group discussions 2 Task Let students work in pairs to match quotes and views. 4 D 3. Answers: A 2. II is his or her job 1 make sure thai everyone in Ihe group speaks and that no one speaks about one topic for 100 tong.7 E 4.

pushing yourself. as Sylvino suggests. RepresentotiwI Right. tn terms of the competitors. Tell students to list at least five arguments they wish to make. it was very different . I think if we introduced payment to take pari. l leel rt would be a step in the wrong direction to pay the athletes. so lers start. Play the audio again.to help bring peace among nations. After five minutes. I'd like an athlete to comment first on this. irs gelling tougher for us all the time. and so on. . Tell groups to decide on the wording of their proposal. and decide which role they wish to play. Adriano? Retired athlete Well. we're concerned that some of Ihe highest-quality athleles have decided not to attend recently. The Olympics means a lot of time out 01 our schedules .just a sum 10 take pari. pausing as needed .it increases their public prolile and competing for your country can make you inlo a national hero. Unit 8 T 87 Sports . should be given 7 Follow up Divide the class into the same groups as in exerc ise 3. osk students to design a poster to promote on Olympic bid from their city. ii ii Additlon. I think 01 the same time thatlhere is lar too much commercialization and focus on money. you could play the same audio a third time. J7~----------------------------------------------------RepresenkrIiv9 of International Olympic Committee Well. providing entertainment. Make sure that each student in the group chooses a different role. Before we move on to the next topic. could be given. elicit comments from the rest of the class . Tell students that they have five minutes to discuss. We're here to discuss Ihe future of the Olympics and to suggest some practical solutions for improving ~. we'd obviously have to 1001: Of how we could raise the money to do that. But my main point is thaI the Gomes ore all about competing. thanks. Nominate one student in each group to write down arguments why. they have to design a logo. As athletes. write a slogan. Give students four or five minutes to discuss the statement. Ilhink we'd lose pari of thaI. In groups.so I think we should be paid to compete . 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa.Give each group a large sheet of poper to design their poster on. allhough I do agree with Sylvina thai we athletes are overworked and underpaid. and tell them to decide on who is going to read it aloud to the class . Ask students to listen and say who is speaking. Yes? Journalist Okay. we have to train harder and harder and so many of us are getting injured. should be abandoned Z should be banned. These reasons may be in shari. I tend to agree with Adriana. stop the discussion. After each.it was all about showing the high physicol and mental standards that human oongs could reach. On the poster. bulleted note form. lfyaur students have problems hearing the expressions. and five reasons why their city should get the Games.time when we're not earning any money . When I won my gold medal thirty years ago. Yes. then ask students to find other examples from the lesson. We are in danger of losing sight of the main aim of the Olympics .not to win . We hove severol items on the agenda. RepresentotiwI Okay.3 Prepare Divide students into groups. Representative Thanks very much for your view. Sylvina? Athlete Well. thank you all for coming. Answers: lb shouldn'!. That would also mean that athletes who don't make a lot of money would be able to come.. Let students check in pairs before discussing their notes as a class. Then give them a minute or two to decide which statement they wish to discuss. T T1I 0 0 • •• • 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to stand up and deliver their group's proposal.. Ask that student to summarize their group's ideas for the class at the end. if athleles were paid. be held. my job is to make sure we maintain the highest standards both in athlefics and in the way the Olympics are run. Remind them that they have to agree on a proposal.1 acIMty 6 Notice Read through the example and rules as a class. I think there should be a reasonable financial reward for athletes and the work they do. must be given. Thanks for Ihot. Even Ihough athletes give up a lot 01 time to compete in the Olympics. someone less directly involved. lers just lake a show of honds_ Con you raise your hands if you think that athletes should be paid? Thank you. as a representalive of the International Olympics Committee. lers have a view from someone who isn'l an athlete. it does benefit them . Put lhe posters on the classroom walls. !hars . Rrst. Ticket prices are already really high.

Which one? Which oflhe speakers from tho quotes in Exercise 2 do you hear? A. Liston to tho other groups and make notes." 3 How do the second and th ird speakers start their speeches'! Well . LeI's have a view from someone who . and wilh good human rights records. 4 There should be no commercialism associated with tho Games . c Discuss tho issuo with the olher members of lhe commillec.c to have a shorl debate.. [Read the statemen t you cbose.3 Prepare In groups of four or five. 2 10 avoid accepting responsibility for everything we say.4 below about the future of the Olympics. Spons UnitS . 2 The Olympics should always be held in the wealthiest countries as poorer cou ntries find it very difficult to raise the money to host them.. we often usc the passive voice with a modal verb: 1 to avoid making tho dobato too personal. then follow the steps a . 1 How does tho chairperso n introd uce the topic for discussion'! We're here to discuss .. Did most of the groups agree or disagree? Our COlllltry should be chosen 10 hosltlle Olympics in the near futuro. TV producer. Let the wealthy countries pay for the Games! 3 Athletes should he paid to enter the Games. 7 Follow up In groups. 2 How doos he soloct the speakers? I'd li ke an athlete 10 comment 6 rsl on this." 6 Notice Look at this example from the debate: 4 Feedback Report back to tho rest of tho class on you r proposa ls. . b Make notes on the arguments you will present to the other memhors of the committee. then all the best ath lot es would enter. s How does the chairperson ask for opinions at the end? let's just ta ke a s how of ha nds. 1 Tho Games sho uld be restricted to countries that are democracies. .. peaceful. B. C. after some cOll sidcmtion. 4 How do they fi nish their speech in each case? I think there should be .]. Then share your ideas with the class. etc. 00 you agree with thei r proposals? Why? I Why not? Itllink we should be paid to compete. Start like this: Ladies and gelltlemen. Form a proposa l about the statement .no adverti sing... decide whether you agree or disagree with the statemen t below. a Form a commilloo 10 discuss the statement: each student chooses II different role from Exorcise 2: athlete. Use tho (Iuot es and tho statements in Exercises 1 and 2 for ideas. we lIove come to the fol/oll'ing conclusions. etc. and 5 Compare @ a Listen to a committee discussing one of the statements in Exercise 3. / 1 feel it would be . Find other exa mples of tho modal passive in lhis lesson in Exercise lb Il nd Exorcise 2. First. F ~ b Listen aga in and mako notes on the following. 3 when we don't know who takes responsibility for an Ilction. choose one orthe statements 1 . When we are debating or having a discussion.. no merchandising. . We have discussed the statement ..

She confessed her crime so as to get a lighter sentence. and preposiHons can also be followed by verbs. I don't en. ---waist wrist """""'" ". Complete these sentence stems about yourself. 3 Verb + verb constructions Many verbs in English can be followed by other verbs. 1 Work I want . which would you like to try and why? 3 Which of the above sports. Ve'" "". waist heel hip knee shin shoulders \ fingers ~ wrist I liugh ankle Unil8 5po<ts . 3 Hobbies / Free time: I'm interested in . swimmer long jumper high jumper sprinter CIa"se I got up early so (thai) I wouldn't miss the plane. often verbs thaI involve wants and desires: 2 Parts of the body Labet the parts Of the body using the words in the box. sboul elbow We prefer to watch movies at the movie theater. Simple verb This form follows !T"IOdal verbs. including most verbs of liking: Jason suggested joining the sports club in the center. 2 Expressing purpose We can express purpose with connectors that are followed by an infinitive or by a subordinate clause. 2 A big decision: When I decided . -ing verb This form follows prepositions: You can team a lOt from looking at people's garbage. and why? to.Grammar Summary 1 Noun clauses (beginning with a question word) A noun clause can be the oOject of a sentence: I don't know what he is doing.ide armpit elbow fingers foot hand head "hand abdome. forget the party. II is possible to make so as to negative by putting not before to: The po/ice put the witness in a safe hOuse so as not to expose him to danger. bead I want to spend our vacation in Florida this year. Compare your sentences with a partner.. We can also use verb • to after some verbs of liking: Karl likes to go dancing on Friday evenings. Connector Followed by infinitive Example We went out for dnner to celebrate Mary's birthday.m Sport swimming the long jump the high jump sprinting diving weightlifting the javelin p"""". Where Philip goes every evening remains a mystery to me. do the lOng·jump do the high jump sprint dive lift weights throw the javelin The connectors in order to and so as to are more formal lhan to + infinitive or so that + clause. We reaJ/y can't rtgure out why Susanna left Michael. if any. They made me clean the whole hOuse every day. I'm calling you now so (that) you don'.oy going under the water when I'm swimming. I've started to learn I learning Japanese. These verbs take a number of forms: dNe< wejghtlifter javelin thrower Answer these questions. 1 Do you play / Have you ever played any of these sports? 2 If not. What we need is more government support for our enterprises. We often use them in this position when we want 10 emphasize them. Some verbs can be followed by either the -ing verb or vert) + to: Gary hates to meet I meeting new people. do you find boring. and make and let: We should pay our phone bill as soon as poSsible. I'd rather watch auto racing on 7V than go to the track. 6 My pet peeve: I hate. How you live your fife is none of my business. It also folows a number of verbs.. 7 Making myself better: I should . verb This form lolows a number of verbs. Use a verb form in each one. It also follows the phrase I'd rather (without an object). The noun clause can also be a subject and come at the beginning of the sentence. 5 Going out: I enjoy. to in order 10 The government has increased wages in Ofder to gain popularity before Vocabulary Summary 1 Sports: track and field so as to sa (Ihal) the election. 4 A big change: When I started . It's amazing how clever she is.

Try to help your partner by making suggestiofls to improve the writing. Fans usually tend to be male. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy. too. You can eithef use your notes to write about the third most popular sport in your country or you can write about anothef team sport in your country. Before you start.? Put these sports in order. that National Basketball Association (NBA) games in many cities are sold out in advance. they watch live or recorded games in a local bar or at a friend's house. However. Teams in Major league Baseba ll (M l B) play 81 games in an average season. the majority of fans are men. d When you have finished.S.S.J. Fans are attracted from all walks of life and as is the case with both baseball and football. brainstorm and make notes on the three most popular team sports in your country. The basketball season is much shorter than baseball's with NBA teams playing 41 games in a normal season. Tickets to baseball games tend to be much cheaper and easier to get than those for football and basketball games. Interesting! Q. fans are predominantly men although so me women are also passionate about the sport.(!) Z I Q: A short report 1 Thinking about the topic of your report a Work in small groups. and in English you do say "8 black eye". and where they are watched. So popular in fact. d tn pairs. Baseball is the second most popular sport in the USA and as is the case with football. WIth number 1 as the most popular. decide how to order the information and write a draft of the two most popular sports. it is often difficult to get tickets for National Football l eague (NFL) games as they are generally sold out before the season begi ns.) country? 2 Which people like these sports? learned about them. collocations. compare the language you have underlined. games take place on weekday evenings or afternoons between earl y spring and late fall. I thought "8Jack Isn '/ right! We don't say that' So J chOCked it out in the dictionary. PlAN [> Your action plan: writing a short report Write a short report. the sport is also very popular with women.S. You are going to write a report foc a Web site about sports in your country. discuss lhese questions. are the punctuatiofl. Nole: you win need to Show your fv"laI written report to your classmates at the end of \JrIit 9. b In pairs.. Games are usually played on Sunday afternoons and if spectators don't go to the game at the stadium. c Take one sport each and write a short report about It. idioms. Nevertheless. Many people follow their favorite NBA team by watching their games on TV. Comment on these areas. tickets. talk about your action plan for Unit 7. 1 Which are the mast popular sports in your rn REVIEW Review your action plan: using your dictionary In pairs.. Use the key 9 o > ideas in Exercise 2 to help you. Basketball games are also extremely popular in the U. For those who cannot make it to their team's stadium. there are ten Women's National Basketball Association teams (WNBA) in the U. Due to its popUlarity. Sports UnilS . baseball is regularly shown on TV. Can you find any patterns in the order of these topics in the reports? c Read the reports again and unde!1ine any words or phrases that may help you write your report on sports in your country. b The reports all deal with the same topics: fans. L. and grarrvnar correct? e Make final corrections to your reports and then read them to each other in small groups.J. I came across "to give someone a black eye" when J was reading. The report is The most popular team sports in my country.J L. 3 Writing a brief report a In small groups. is the language oorrectly used? For example. Are the reports good enough to go up on a Web site? There is no doubt that football is the most popular sport in the United States.J Basketball Football Baseball 2 Analyzing three short reports a Read the three brief reports and check your answers to Exercise 1b. Q( phrasal verbs you looked up in your dictionary and 'Nhat information you 3: ~ ::. spelling. when the games are played. Tell yout: partner which words. Unlike football. popularity. so it may be difficult to get tickets. ~ 3 When are the games played? 4 VVIlefe do people watch the games? b D::> you know the most popular team sports in the U. exchange your work with your partner.

Ypo$ cf .. ~ c Li ston again and complete the rest orthe noles.s ~'if' Mis.)f people m. what are the main reasons for this? 3 How much do YOlL spend on clothes.>UY>ey. did pmiud.ded wr. >Wi .5 """9' " 3 .I:h I !L1ill9 '"It"OmE?1-.JA~ Ji'omen.. try to complete the presenter's notes using the numbers in the box. discuss these questions.000 .. giving reasons for your choice. ~ ~ hme IR= on. and diet products? Is this average for your country? 4 Do you pay attention to the images of beauty presonted in the media? Brain and beauty . In pairs. c!Mes " accessme.on.. ~ " 8 'll.!l. and who are very slim I 5 15 15 44 80 50 90 8. ?>U>n.dut:wo men who have perfect skin and beautifuJ Dowing hair.~ 1M mu."""". Mgs! d In pairs.1 Speaking skills ~ b Now listen and chock your answers.fMds 10 heaDh p. Uton. fey -aomen's ~ when Ye(J1iJ:nfj?n0fJ5' the way women are pNl!lcnted as perfecl in these magazines ~ cf kauI:y m 'I?Ie. Ie 5a<d. compare your ideas . 1 Do children and adults have ··weight problems" in your count ry? 2 If so. Ik-nl< tky hme ~ f"ck " 1 . to analyze the effects of women's media on tho health of the fema le population f<. 7 $2. " Z JIlL ~ ~ when. Which of tho images of beauty on this page do you find tho mostllcasl beautiful? In pairs. (are) ovcnvcighl • 6 'M Uton..... cosmetics. 'Pu. US.on..o!/urns. who are Ian.s .easun.. ef! anorexIa Suney ct!n. 2 Listening skills a You are going to listen to part of a presentation about the media and personal image..!!2. I:xttwrt Q)1.5lL ~ pp.dJA. did " :J li ~ ~.

Now. play the audio again. about 50% of all adults in the United States believe that they have a weight problem. who is presenting the findings of her recent research into the link between the media and women's health in the United States. find out how many students are very concerned about image.S. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise ld . and who are very slim. which is still a lot less than they spend on Irying to get thin. Afterwards. the first ideal women are given in magazines." 0" 'p""" Ihl' ". covering a sample of eight thousand women. This points to a severe dissatisfaction with their image. beauty treatments. Compare that with the amount women spend on cosmetics . on TV.) Write on the board: fashionable clothes. Of course. Cam. My team conducted a survey over two years. it has to be said that many people in the U. or their parents see them as too fat .we'll look at perfection in other spheres of life later in the presentation . can lead to terrible health problems: by the time they reach adolescence.tend to feel depressed when they read women's magazines. We wonted to analyze the effects of women's media on the health of the female population. 15% of children suffer from anorexia. They do spend more on clothes and accessories . who are ton. Ask Which of these things are important to you? How much lime and money do you spend on these things? Do you think we worry about how we look 1 much? 00 Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to briefly discuss the pictures in pairs.in the region of 515 billion.. and perhaps most dramatic.women who have perfect skin and beautiful flowing hair. Ask Do you think the media help women have a positive image of themselves? Do you think women spend a little or a Jot? Ask students to guess the answers in pairs.and as many as 80% go on a diet at some time during their childhood. The reason for this is the way women are presented as perfect in these magazines. Afterwards. For Exercise l e . cosmetics.55 billion. "eo. in the cose of teenage girls in particular.o "0m Ih' Sao Brain and beauty T 90 Unit 9 . and fashion are to our ideals of "beauty. the next aspect we looked at was .90% . are overweight The problem of weight and image is not confined to adults . elicit from the class how important culture. which. Dr Cameron Thank you. Cameron.many children see themselves as too fat.eolog Diego Institute of Health..Objectives T opic: images of beauty and health Vocabulary Reading a radio presenter's Grammar non-defining relative clauses your image and health Usfening a presentation notes Speoking discussing beauty and how it is maintained '--. which explains the amount thaI women in the U. Ask students to listen and complete the notes. Ask students to listen and check their answers. hairstyles. spend on diet products each year . finding was that a huge proportion of women . ~ ~ ~ H. I. in the movies. Our first. In fact. " •• 2 Listeni ng skills Read through the notes in Exercise 2a as a class. which the average woman connot hope to imitate. Of course. keeping fit.S. Let students check their answers in pairs. 01.a staggering $44 billion. Dr. age. is that of physical beauty . This constan t comparison of oneself with on unattainable image can lead to obsession. Play the audio for Exercise l b. Then ask a few questions to fOCllS students on the task. and much of that stems from comparison with media images.

Quick 9' Oi III"nOI" guide Relative douses lalso called adjective douses) give more information about a noun in the main clause. check their meanings in the Vocabulary Summary on page 98. and then olicit the vocabulary from tho class. pair up students to read tho problems. or that. answer the questions. and ask students to repeat. say. and decide which ones arc not related to beauty. and check their answers in the Grammar Summary on page 98. They usually begin with the relative pronoun. depression indigestion obesity anemia anorexia boldness fatigue ocne eczema Ask students to do Exercise 3b in pairs. eight minutes.aning Afterwords. Ask studenls 10 complete Exercise 4d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. syllable stress and proounciolioo. In Exercise 4b. Common probkNns ond errors Repeating the subject pronoun after the word who or which: Young women are people who IRey may become anorexic. ask students to work in pairs to compare the sentences. 5 Speaking ski lls Ask students to look at the pictures. Ask students to discuss their finding in pairs and then report them to the class. Ask students in pairs to think of fIVe or six questions to ask about the products. Brain and beauty . Cameron is a researcher wAAA has corried oul a survey. Checking . For example: Which of lhese products do you use? How ohen do you use them? How much do you spend on /his product each month? Ask students to walk round the closs and interview as many people as possible in. questions to see how well students hove understood the new vocabulary. Answers will vary.. You could do exercise Sb as a doss survey.•• 3 Vocabulary: your image and health In Exercise 3a. Suggested answers: 1 perfume 2 hair dye 3 razor/shaving foam 4 5 6 7 8 aftershave fake Ian bair conditioner make-upllipstick tattoo --Unit 9 T 91 Pair up students to discuss the questions. Confusion between who and which in relative douses: Dr. For example: Which word means you ore 100 fof? Which word means you hove no hair? Which word describes spots on your face? Cheddng pronundaIion Read these words out aloud. who. Divide students into groups of four or fivc to discuss the questions in Exercise 3e. use check. and 10 check. Then elicit answers from tho whole class. which. •• 4 Grammar: re lative clauses Have students road the examples in Exercise 4a and discuss the questions in pairs.

d Add commas where necessary to the fo llowing definitions. which c Where does the comma come in the sentence? comma comes before the pronoun 5 4~ b Discuss your ideas in class. . who often feel unhappy with their image. 1 2 tired (aUthe time) loss of energy a skin disorder acid in the stomach lack of iron in your body 3 Which one in each pair contains a nondefining relative clause? la . shouldn't read these magazines. Elena Cameron from the San Diego Institute of Health. . In pairs. 1 b Complete the table with these adjectives and noun phrases. who is presenting the findings of her recent research Z They do spend more on clothes and accessories . 2a Which sentence in each pair describes a particular group ofgirls/magazines? lb. which often affects young girls. a The sections in italic are non-defining relative clauses. zb Women's magaZines that promote the perfect image are part of the problem. Arc any of these problems not related to b~auty or image? Problem depression obesity a norexia ba. can help with some disorders. The freckles which~~h get on your face are usually com pletely harmless. 2b Which describes all girls/magazines? la. lb Young girls who feel unhappy with their image shouldn't read these magazines. which is slill a lot less than they spend on trying to get thin. Change the relative pronoun to that where possible. acid in the stomach anorexic dopressed an eating disorde r bald overweight pimply eating for the wTOllg reasons faint/dizzy fedint. ? It might be an idea to . 2a Can we replace the relative pronoun with thol in defining or non-defining relatives? definin g acne/eczem a pimply indigestion a nemia nausea ted faint/dizzy c Check your answers with the Crammar Summary on page 98. . answer the questions. makes you want to stop eatin!\. Anorexia.. Freckles. which appear on the skin of both males and females . 5 Speaking skills a The pictures show ways in which people try to make themselves more attractive. la Young girls. discuss these questions.in Ule region of $15 billion.s ef eles]'>IIH lack of iron in your body loss of energy loss of hair nauseated a skin disorder tired (all the time) c In groups. The table lists some possible health problems. Is there anything in the pictures that no one would do/use? Brain and beoufy Unil9 . which promote the perfect image.3 Vocabulary: your image and health a An obsession with beauty is often a risk to one's health. l Our speaker this evening is Dr. are small brown spots. are part of the problem.ldness fatigue You are/fe el depressed overweight anorexic ba ld Yo u suffer from feelings of despair eating for the wrong reasons an eating disorder loss of hair b Compare these two pairs of sentences. 1 Which of the problems do people in your 2 3 4 5 6 country worry about most? Z Do you know anyone who suffers from any of these problems? 3 What can people do about them? Use the Useful Language to think of some advice. which fall onto dothing around the shoulders. Nutritionists. 1 What does each picture show? How do the USEFUL LANGUAGE They/You could / should / ought 10 . w ho are experts in food and eaLing problems.. Za Women's magazines. Why don't they/you try .. A hangover is a feeling whicht"~3tl get the day after you drank too mllch alcohol. products/changes make people more attractive? 2 Are they effective'! Which are most effective? 3 Do you use/do any? Which olle(s)? 3 4 Grammar: relati ve clauses a Read the examp les from the presentation and answer the questions. Do the sentences make sense if we remove these parts? yes b Which relative pronouns are used in the examples? who. Dandruff is flakes of dry skin in your hair.

1 Shoe is to foot a 'ove to: ( . regardless of their level of intelligence. 2 Reading skills a Read the article quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1b.Q. l. 1. linguistic. 115. 105. and the way it understands things spatial related to the size. and spatial awareness. How quickly can you figure out the answer? A man lives on the' Oth f~oor of an apartment building . In fact. etc. which is appropriate as this was the use for which it was originally devised. such as being able to understand and empathize with other people. tests) but few people know much about them. In recent years. hand d fingers 2 Find the picture below that fits best in the empty square.) 1 Which test did you find easiest I most difficult? 2 What do you think each puzzle is testing? 3 Do you think that the puzzles are more difficult for you than for a native speaker of English? What does this tell you about LQ. empathize (wi lli) understand how someone else feels Unh9 Brain and beauty . lOa. and the tests were discred ited.Q. the first two are highly dependent on the language of the person taking the test: non-native speakers are likely to score lower in linguistic tests than native speakers. tests are considered quite limited in the type of intelligence they measure and they are not generally used so much. The first tests were invented by Frenchman Alfred Binet.0. The tests were grad ually applied more generally and came to be seen as a way of measuring average intelligence relative to other people in the same age group. On hiS way to work in the morning.0. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence has received a lot of interest. test? When? For what reason? GLOSSARY cognitive related to the brain. Write the kind of puzzles by each one.0. tests were being used to support theories that some races were genetically more or less intelligent than others. numerical ability.0. This accepts the traditional ideas of intelligence. tests have had a long and varied history. which brought accusations of racism.Q. such as musical or artistic talent. and spatial awareness. 110 . a toes b head . he gets into the elevator on the lOth floor and goes down to the 1st floor. 1.0. Questions 2 and 3. He does thiS every day. tests usually have different sections to measure different abilities. Clearly. religion. 1 1 1 1 1 c 3 Which are the next two numbers in this sequence: 120.Q. 957 a 105. b Work in groups. 9S € 05. I. 100 d 80. 1 1 1 1 1 The man is very short and can't reach the button (or the 10th Door. shape. In addition. by the seco nd half of the 20th century.1. 90 4 Read the puzzle." test is a kind of intelligence test consisting of problems or puzzles that you have to solve.e. but adds to those. 110. other types of intelligence. tests consist of problems assessing an individual's verbal abilities. When he comes home from 5 k he gets into the elevator and goe :O~d the 6th floor then he gets ou~ and :alkS to the 10th floor. a b Most people have heard of intelligence quotient tests (I. (The answers are on page 149. i. logical reasoning. tests have also been criticized for being too restrictive and not taking into account other abilities. those of logical. Take the mini test below. l. while the second two types can be completed by anyone. Most I. However. many people are against such tests because they believe they discriminate against people who learn in different ways from those demanded by the test. Why? • • 1 1 1 Today. testing today are probably in recruitment of employees and in school testing. mainly to identify schoolchild ren who might benefit from extra help. tests? 4 Have you ever taken an LQ. ~ . 1 Speaking skills a An "LQ. and position of things discriminate (against) treat someone unfairly because of race. Compare your answers to the puzzles and discuss the questions. He devised them to test a person's cognitive abilities. The main uses of 1.

3-0. and then let them check their answers on page 149 orlhe Student's Book. lest 1 Speaking skills Tell students that they have five minutes to take the mini I. There are a number of synonyms in the text.Objectives Topic: intelligence (I.Q. Answers: 2 Puzzle 1 is testing verbal abilities. Pul students in groups of four or five to discllss the questions in Exercise lb. I. 4: logical reasoning 3 Yes . an La. tell the class to stop. and then let students check their answers to questions 2 and 3 with a partner before sharing them with the class. Ask them to read the text and do the task in Exercise Za. After five minutes. Limit the time to five minutes. You may wish to check these words by writing them on the boord in two lists and asking students to match them.0.lesls are limited in what they test.highly dependent on the language of the person. T •• &:'l Vocabulary work A 1 invented 2 used 3 help 4 measure 5 limited B 0 benefit . test in Exercise la .Q. b restrictive assess d devised e applied Answers: l-d. 4-<. 5-b. 2: spatial awareness. 2-e. test taking and discussing an 1. Brain and beauty T 92 Unit 9 . 2 Reading skills Draw students' attention to the Glossary. 3: numerical ability. Q) Reading Writing topic and supporting sentences Grammar non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers Speaking an Internet article.

for example . They wero devised as a way of identifying children who needed extra help in schools. In exercise 4d. 4 Writ ing skills: topi c senten ces Ask students to match paragraphs and topics in Exercise 43. NOll-native speakers are likely to score lower. Presentation alternative Once students have chosen their topic sentence. Or have students post their answers on the wall. and point out its structure (location of topic and supporting sentences). who might benefit . (They should then underline the first sentence of each paragraph . in the first set of sentences. appearance/attractive. t .. Answers: 1 False. 3 Grammar: non-defining relat ive clauses as sentence modifiers Ask students to do Exercise 38 individuall y and th en check the answers in pairs before going through them wi lh the whole class. (line 26) . They are used in recruitment of employees and schoollesting. LA Topic sentences Let students compare answers in pairs before eliciting some good examples from the class and writing them on the board. (line 11) .. 5 False... They should expect to see some key words repeated. helping with ideas and vocabulary. Give students a minute to read through the sample paragraph in Exercise 4c.. which brought . Answers: the use of I.. 2 False. By reading the topic sentence. 4 True. ask individuals to stand up and read their paragraphs aloud (without the topiC sentences) for students to guess.. which is appropriate (linn 33) defining non-defining defin ing non-defining - Ask students to work in pairs to find answers to the questions in Exercise 3h. The tests were discredited because they were being used to support racist theories.Q. Clauses a and b comment on the whole sentence. Afterwards. For example. tests to support racist theories its main uses in recruiting and school testing Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 3c with a partner before disclJssing them as a class. Let students check answers with a partner before discussing them as a class . it is usually possible to guess the general content of the whole paragraph. which is the mason why other types of learners do badly. Ask students to predict which words they expect to see in a supporting sentence. . Set up Exercise 3d by doing the first one as an example: Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners. and they should expect to see similar words. encoumging/pressure. Let students check their answers in pairs after they have completed the exercise. (l ine 5) . (They give the main idea of the paragraph. Ask students to choose and write down a topic sentence from exercise 3d... In Exercise 4d . Ihey could brainstorm: successful make money work hard get promo/ion be rich Brainstorming these words should help them with ideas for what they could include in the rest of Ihe paragraph... elicit from the class the reason(s) topic sentences are important. 3 False.. . taking notes on which topic sentences best fit the supporting sentences. tell them to prepare carefully before writing by brainstorming words or phrases tho! would naturally follow from the topic sentence.. and allow students a few minutes 10 circulate around the room. who learn .. consider pulling students in smoll groups to do the task.) Let them check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. Unil 9 T 93 Brain and beauty . Answers: .) Point out the Language Note on page 93.Ask students to read the sentences in Exercise 2b carefully and decide whether they are true or fal se.. if a student chooses 6 There is more pressure on men /0 succeed and make money . Go around monitoring. Ask them to research the text to find reasons for why some sentences are nol true. Cive students five to ten minutes to write their paragraphs. . Prepare students to do Exerc ise 4b by doing the first as an example. . A topic sentence is generally the first sentence of a paragraph.

Match the paragraphs with the topics. 4 They say tall people do better in li fe. Match three of them with these supporting sentences. 5 Z For example. Can they guess which topic sentence you are writing about? Broin and beauty Unil9 ..b Only one of the sentences below is true.e. . It often (but not always) comes at the beginning of the paragraph. tests b The sentences in Exerche 3d arc ali lopic no.. a .Q. Then choose one of the other topic sentences from Exercise 3d and write a short paragrap h. tests are racist. which suits the more competitive kind of person. they !Jui 11e wel'e mw-n1ed Ity ~. i. or which explains why . we are going 10 try the fo llowing puzzles.3 with the appropriate nondefining clause a-c. 5 There is more pressure on women to be attractive than on men. not m o re .. It is usually followed by one or more supporting sentences. b Z The man was very short.. G I. .. x 3 Grammar: non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers a Look at the article again and find oxamples of the sentences. tests. Paragraph 1 the use (If I. . 3 All I.Q. they will always give the same score for people of the same intelligence level. then underline the topic sentence in each paragraph. Which relative clauses comment on the whole of the previous sentence? 1 The explorer was in danger of being eaten by wild animals.. Then compare your answers with a partner. lests are hardly used today. 6 There is more pressure on men to succeed and make money than on women . 4 The tosts are very reliable. 1 3 We need to understand what it is about height that can give people a head start.... attractive. sUlllJOrting sentences t:oncJuslon d Read your paragraph aloud to your partner but don't read the topic sentence.Q. tests today Paragraph 2 types of lests Paragraph 3 the histc ry of I. t I. 4 relative pronouns who and w/!ich. 1 Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners . tests were invented in France. There is more pressu re on women to be attractive tha n on men. 4 Writing skills: topic sentences a Look at the article in Ex ~rcise 2. a 3 So. testing today? c Match sen tences 1 . 5 The theory of multiple intelligence is less restrictive than the theory behind I.Q. Do they introduce defining or non-defini ng relative clauses? b We can use non-defining relative clauses to comment on a whole sentence.Q.. T he m edia is full of a d vertisemen ts encouragin g wom e n to s pe n d more o n the ir a p pearance..w om en become worrie d and stressed abo u t their appearance. just for fun..Q. However. c Read the sample paragraph. which can actu ally make the m less.. exams usua lly have strict time limits.hencA'"m(1:n... the result of a ll th is pres sure can be count erproductive . Answer the Iwo questions below by findi ng the two non-defining clauses in the article.Q.. tests? 2 What is appropriate about I. 1 Whal brought accusations of racism to I.. and find the phrases in the article that tell you the others are false or that we don't know they're true. beautiful supe rm odels in these seems to im ply that the average woman can look like a su perm o d el if s he buys these prod ucts.. with one or two sup porting sentences. b which was a frightening thought! c which will also test your knowledge of English! d Complete these statements with a non-defining relative clause starting which is the rooson why .. The use of young.Q . LANGUAGE NOTE A topic sentence gives the main idea of a paragraph. c a which was why he couldn't reach the last button. . 1 The media is full of <. 2 Intelligence depends as much on the environment as on your genes .dvertisemcnts encouraging women 0 spend more on their appearance. 3 Some parents do not have many books in the house . which means that the majorit y of a d verti sing for cosmetics an d other beauty produc ts is aim ed at wom en . Decide which one. dmit knhw Z They were devised as a way of putting less intelligent children into difforent schools.

The secret of life

1 Reading skills
a LoO,k at the pictu res. How old are the people? Which one looks healthier? Why? b The average li fe expectancy has increased a lot in the last hundred years. Discuss the answers to these questions: then read the report and check. 1 What is the life expectancy in the United States now? Men 74, Women 80 2 Why has lifo expectancy increased in the last hundred years? Infectious diseases - less deadly. general environment cleaner, eat better c Underline the important words and ideas in the repo rt and write a brief summary of each paragraph. Then compare your summaries with a partner.

'P~ 1 ieIl.s u.s Ik tie ~n.C1J 100 lP"" ago and Way, and ...

Life expectancy in the last hundred years: changes and reasons for change
A hundred years pgo. liG. expectancy in developed countries was about :lL in the early 21st century. men in the United States and the United Kingdom can expect to live to about 'Ii. VlQIDm to about aQ. and these ages are rising all the time. \Vhat has brought about these changes? \Vhen we look at the life span of people 100 years ago, we need to look at the greatest killers of the time. In the early 20th century, thcse were the acute and often highly infectious diseas~ such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and smallpox. Many children died very young from these diseases and others, and the weak and elderly were always at risk. health has improved with improvements in our general environment: cleaner air, better means of preserving food, better and warmer housing, and better In the developed world understanding of nutrition. these diseases are far ~ deadly today, and in some Q enetically, we should all cases have almost be able to live to about R2. disappeared. A number of but while people do live factors have led to this: longer today, there arc still improvements in sanitation some big killers around and hygiene, the discovery that are preventing us from and use of ~nribiotics, which consistently reaching that make bacterial diseases age. The problems that much less dangerous, and affect people today are the vaccinations against marc chronic illnesscs, common diseases. In such as heart disease and addition, people's general strokes, and those spread by viruses, such influenza and AIDS. Of course, cancer is a huge killer as well. In most cases these diseases affect older people, but there are worrying trends in the developed world with problems such as obesity leading to more heart disease and illnesses such as diabetes at younger ages.


The killers today can be "lifestyle classed diseases", which means that it may be possible to halt their progress.


BraIn and beouty


Topic: life expectancy
Vocabulary Pronunciation intonolion in

Reading a newspaper article

lag questions

health and disease

question lags

Ustening a radio discussion

discussing ways of improving life expectancy

Write on the boord: food




Irrtroduce the topic

Ask In whol ways have changes in these areas improved our health and fife expectancy? tel students discuss the question briefly in poirs, and then have a whole-dass discussion.

1 Reading skills
Ask studen ts to lell you about the pictures in Exercise la. Possible answers: The woman in the large picture appears to be in her sixties or seventies. and looks much healthier than the oUler woman. Tho h ealth ier woman clearly keeps fit (cycling) and has a healthy lifestylo. Tho other womBn drinks alcohol.

Put studonts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise l b, Encourage them to think ofthree or four reasons for the answer to question 2 before readi ng the text, Help students prepare their summaries by underlining the first two or three important words and ideas as a class, Then ask students to underline other ideas, before chocki ng with a partner, Briefl y elicit answers from the class to make sure students have underlined more or less the same things, then ask students to write their summaries fo llowing the example in Exe rcise l c, Stress the importance of students' using their own words to summarize an article, explaining the main ideas they have understood from reading it. Model summary:
100 years ago life expectancy was on ly 47, whereas today it is 74 fo r men and 80 for women. The shorter life expectancy in the past was a result of killer

infectious diseases, Infectious diseases are less dead ly today because of better sanitation, antibiotics, and vaccinations and because we have im proved general health a nd a cleaner environment. Genetically, we should all reach 85, but we don't because of chronic diseases lile heart attacks and lifestyle trends like obesity, The killers today are "lifestyle diseases," which we have some influence over,


For Exercise 3b on page 95 :III Host Welcome to this week's Science Now. Today we
discuss the question: what makes people live longer? There is no doubt life expectancy is increasing, but v.ill this continue? Well. v.ith me to discuss the queslion is Professor foAoyumi Hotushi, an expert on nutrition, and Brion Winter, on exercise coosullont. Brion, you firs!. Brian HeHo. Well. yes, life expedoncy shook:! continue 10 increase, buI there is couse for concem that Iodoy's generation rno( noT rIVE! as long. Host Oh, why's that? Brian Irs completely dooMllo our Ideslyle. We Ieod very inocTiYe lives nc:rw - most people sit all day. We're not exercising enough buI.....e still eot as much as, if nol more than, people vsed 10 eol years ago when most JOOs were active. So this leads 10 obesity and 011 ~s problems, Host So we need more exercise, don't we? Brion Yes, we should do qurte sTrenoous exercise for aboulthirly minutes three limes a week. This will also help 10 ensure good sleep, which is important, Host Okay. Moyumi, do you ogree? Moyumi Oh, yes, lifestyle is very important. My interesl is in nu1rition, as you knaw. Bul did yau

know thai women in Japon live longer than any oTher people on the planet, to aboUT 82 in general? Host No! Why is lhot? Moyumi Irs hard 10 soy exoctly, but one reoson is !he diel: in Japon, we eol lots of fish and fresh vegelables. fd soy thot Japol'lCSe women trodiliooolty don'l hove a 101of stress, though thofs chonging now that more and more are working. Host And Japanese 'NOffiell don1 drink a 104 of okahol, do they? Mayuni fd soy thors changing, too! Host Who! about salt? Thafs bod lor you, Too, isn1 it? Mayumi Too much saU is, yes, buI rd soy.....e eot quite a lot. Oh, and another thing - lea. Teo is good lor you, espe60Ity green tea. Host Oh, I didn'T knavv that Now, we've lalked about diet, exercise, sleep, stress. IS there anything else? Brion Well. rd soy thot irs irnpoflonl 10 Iry To keep oplimistic ond happy and not 10 lei problems stress you too much, I think it's important to hove close friends, people you con rety on and lalk 10. You know what1hey soy - 0 problem shored Is a problem halved!

Brain and beauty

T 94


t ·· ~

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
Copy the word map in Exercise 2a on to the board. Ask students to copy it into their notebook. Word maps are a great visual way of recording. learning. and remembering words. Encourage your

students to design word maps for other sets of words taught during the course. Have students do Exercise 2b in pairs or sma!! groups.

3 Listening skills
After students have read the list and selected their five important things. let them discuss their ideas with a partner. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Ask students to listen and check the things mentioned.

Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. You may need
to play the recording a second time before students get all the answers. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Answers will vary.

4 Grammar review: tag questions
Qukk grammar guide
Question togs in English are quite complex, so geHing students to use them accurately can be a slow task. The first key to the system is grasping that auxiliary verbs in the main clouse ore repeated in the question tog. However, the verbs switch from affirmative in the main clouse to negative in the tog clouse, or the other way around. The second key is grasping that when there is no auxiliary in the main clouse, danY, doesn't, or didn'l is needed in the question tog.

Common errors and problems
Students may transfer a simple system of questions togs from their first language 10 English;

You like it, A6? They ore married .
Youlikeit. ~?


Students may overuse the tog "isn'l il?

Ask students to complete the question tags as they listen to the audio for Exercise 4a. Play the recording again. pausing at Ule tag questions, if students are not sure of the answers. Let students check their answers to Exercise 4c in pairs before discussing them as a class.

5 Pronunciation : tag questions
Read through the rules in Exercise 5a as a class before doing the exercise. Play the audio again. Ask students to listen and repeat. Play and pause, ask the whole class to repeat. and then ask two or three individuals to repeal the sentences as well. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Ask students to listen and write "checking" or "asking".

6 Speaking skills
Give students five minutes to discuss and list health problems and causes. Briefly survey answers from the class, and ask each group to identify what they think the major problem is. Encourage students to use the example in question 4 as a model for their writing. Finally, have one student from each group present their report to the whole class.

a Sa we need more exercise, don't we? b Japanese women don't drink a lot 01 alcohol, do they? c Thars bad lor you, too, isn't it?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 II isn't raining again, is it? IfaUI Sarah didn't eat much, did she? Ifalll Patrick booked the tickets, didn't he? Irisel I'm invited to the party too, aren't I? Irisel Nothing'S going right these days, is it? {lallJ This is the right place, isn't if? (rise] They'll be late, won't they? 11011 1


T 95

Brain and beauty

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
a Go through the report on page 94. Find the d iseases mentioned and the ways o f dealing with some of them. Add them to this word map.

4 Grammar review: tag questions


a Complete these tag questions. Listen and check your answers. 1 So we need more exercise, don 't we ? 2 Japanese women don " drink a lot of alcohol, do they ? 3 That's bad for you too, isn't j! ?

ways or dealing with different problems

health and disease

b Complete the rules for tag questions. If the main verb is positive, the tag question is negative . If the main verb is negative, the tag question is positive .

There are some "irregular" tag questions: I'm -7 aren't I? This is -7 isn't it?

b Discuss the diseases and problems in the word map. Think about possible causes of each one from the list below, and how they can be dealt with.
infected food and water bacteria/viruses working too hard eating the wrong food pollution


alcohol abuse smoking ignorance

c Write the tag questions for these sentences. js it ? 1 It isn't raining again, 2 Sarah didn't eat much, did she ? 3 Patrick booked the tickets, djdn 't be ? 4 I'm invited to the party too. oreo 'l i ? 5 Nothing's going right these days. is it 6 This is the right place. iso 'l iI ? 7 They'll be late, MlIlD'llbey ?


3 Listening skills
a The repo rt mentions "lifestyle diseases", which 5 Pronunciati on: tag questions may slop the average life expectancy from ~ a Wo can use tag questions to check something we increasing. How can we improve our lifestyle and think we know, or to ask a real question. If we live longer? Look al this list and decide which ask a real question, the voice rises on the tag five you think are the most imporlant. questions; if we are checking, it falls. Listen to 1 eating fish ~ the three questions from Exercise 4a again. 2 avoiding sugar 0 Wh ich one is "real"? 3 avoiding too much salt Listen and repeat the three questions. 4 not too much alcohol Listen to the questions in Exercise 4c, Write 5 not smoking "checking" or "asking" by each one. 6 doing lots of exercise 7 keeping a healthy weight 8 sleeping well 6 Speaking skills 9 being optimistic IH In groups, discuss ways of improving life expectancy 10 not too much stress ~ in your country. 11 being married I with a partner 0 1 List the ma jor health problems in your country. 12 having close friends ~ 2 List their causes: are they lifestyle·related? Listen to a radio discussion about life expectancy 3 Suggest ways of dealing with these problems. and li festyle. Put a check by the things on the list that are mentioned. 4 Write a short report about one or two of the major problems. Li sten again and answer the questions.





1 Why is the amount we eat a problem today? because of inactivity and obesity 2 How much exercise should we do? thirty minutes three times a week 3 Why do Japanese women live longer than everyone else? because they eat fish and vegetables, have liule stress and don't drink much alcohol 4 Why does Brian think fr iends are important? you need people to rely on and talk to d In pairs, discuss these questions. 1 Do men or woman live longer in your country? Why? 2 Think of very old people you know. Does anything in their lifestyle explain their long life? 3 Would you like to live to over 1oo? Why? I Why not?

in ouy ayea, a1Le ygi£S aye a 6t-g flYo6&m. 7he)! can be caused by plan!:5 OY pe15, 6u.1 lhe)! can also be caused by ,,"Y pdtu.lU)n, wfuch can ¥eaLt)! damage )!""Y heaLih. 'Peopte can gel vaeem,,5 ag,,"nsC ce.uun aLteygie5, a-nd Ihey 5huuld h-y ..wi ro have plan!:s oy pUs Ihat cause aLteYg"'s. The .f!uvern/",,,n!: sMul.d h-y ro Yeduce atY pcllultnn 6ecau.se tl makes aLUygi£S woyse.
5 Compare your ideas with other groups.

Broin ond beauty


1 Warm up
a How do you think you learn most effectively? Before you start work on this lesson, make notes about the ways in which you think you learn best, e .g. visually. by doing things with your hands. by talking to others. b In Lesson 2 oflhis unit you read a little about Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intell igence. Now you are going to learn more about this. Read the lext and write the kinds of intelligence in the table below.

. k that every parent th"nks their \ Teachers often)O e arch Suggests that . . od recent resc child IS a gemus, a roa bcl lntclligence is affect~d to some extent they d~ffercnl factors: gellene, by a number of . nal and so on. In the late environmental, cm otlO d doer of H ar vard Howar ar . 20th centur y, . d dOff nl kinds ofintelhgence, . "ct nnile I CfC I University I C th factors. For examp e, ccount esc which take IOta, a . c which refers to people there is visual tntclhgenc .' maps and so on . th ough pictures, , who learn best r th thcr hand refers to onco ' IOte ' c blem solving, and L ogical ' l JIgene , . th gh numbers, pro . learnUlg rou f . I traditional intelligence analysis. These arc air ~ d tifled more unusual G dncr also I en . types, but ar rural intelhgence .' such as no. d IOtelhgcnce,. nnd thc environment), an re (underst.andlO~ natu ( ki g questions about life), existential intc~lgen.ce a~ : nderstanding yourself intrapersonallOu~\hgcnc () d intcrpersonal d I mng alonc, an d well an ear d' other people an (understa n 109 ·th intelligence . lnlera cong well WI . them) . \Vhal all thIS means is that if we can , identify child ren'S " ~ different strengths among of these type s intelligence, we can hC\~ child ren to fulfill thclr potential as learners.

Kind of

What does it mean?


in telligence

Your ~ score


Learning through
language Learni ng thro ugh looking
Learning th rough analysis Learning though doing

Reading articles



Using tables and graphs
Problem-solving ac ti vities







Doing physical games Using chants and rh ymes Writing a diary at home



Learning through sounds and rhythm Learning through thinking and working on your own Learning by interacti ng with other people Learning through observation of the world Bround you Learning through asking questions abo ut life





Working in groups, e.g. role play Working outside, in the countrySide




Discussing important issues


Unit 9

Brain and beauly

it's one of the ways of learning. whereas I lend to be more intropersanal... Rob Sa you must be. isn't it? Jane Well. Find out how students feel they learn best. but should teach. like I'd always keep notes when the teacher was talking. I just like doing things. But. . Irs about how some people prefer 10 learn through listening or reading or taking notes. but you prefer 10 study with other peaple. ~ ~--------------------------. too. too.. you can leach in lois of different ways to make the lesson more interesting and to make sure more and more learners are. Rob I'd say thai writing is also Ie<nning through doing. you know the kind of thing. looking 01 maps and figuring things out from pictures. I've heard of that. I mean. so they were really blocking out some types of learners and making life more diHicull for them .all the professors iust stood up and lectured all the time. kinestheti c. I prefer to study alone and figure oul problems for myself. Rob I think that we both have something of the other types of learning. I feel that t can learn a 101 from ather people. Isn'l it about how diHerent people learn in different ways? Jane Thars right. you know. Rob Yeah? Jane It was about Howard Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences. irs about teaching. noun clauses. Rob Oh. Thars. how would you go about learning those words? Who of you would write frans/a/ions? Who would put these words in sentences? who would learn them by miming or matching to pictures? After eliciting a few different answers. yeah. I'm physical. Rob Not only can teach. Rob Oh. Thai must be port of verbolleorning . I think. I know what you mean. For Exercise 6 on page 97 1I Jane I was reading a really interesting article earlier today. and relative clauses a book extract an informal discussion Write a set of words on the board. um. you know. Ask students to read the text and complete the first column of the table in Exercise lb . you know. For example: jump skip hop leap step stride Introduce the topic Ask If you had to. interpersonal. yes. I love Brain and beauty T 96 Unit 9 . ask What does this Ie/I us about the way we learn? 1 Warm up Have a brief class discussion for Exercise la . Jane Have you ever analyzed yourself? Do you know how you learn best? Rob I haven'l analyzed it. I haled college . but I tend to write things down. Strange. I'd rother study in a class Ihan on my own. They didn't use any other techniques.using language. Jane Thars right. motivated. I like learning through aclivity. too. don't you? Jane Oh. I mean. surely it's not iust about learning.Objectives Grammar Topic: different types of intelligences and learning styles Reading Ustening Speaking analyzing learning styles verb + verb constructions. right? I lean toward visual learning. you're right.. through games and activities where you get up and move around. I don't feel I'm learning unless I write. wouldn't you? Jane Yeah. the kinesthetic type. yeah. um.

students could draw and match pidures more when studying vocabulory ot home. Thon ask studonts to tell their new partner about their learning style: I tend to learn best by analyzing. you could use more pictures. You may need to play and pause to give students sufficient time to write their answers. Let students check their answers witb a partner beforo discussing them with the class.. find out which types of learners are most common in the class. but . Answers: Rob: verbal. . .. Give students two or three minutes to prepare a brief description of their learning style using the new languago. 4 Feedback Ask students to take turns to read their analyses aloud. Ask each grou p to report to the class. 7 Follow up Divide students into groups of four to six to share their ideas and prepare a report in note fonn. prefer . interpersonal •• 6 Notice Play the audio agai n for Exercise 6a.. Ask studcnts to work out their score and discuss the results with a partner. labeling... leons toward .. 3 Prepare Ask students to use the phrases in the Usefu l Language box to write 8 short analysis of their learning style. On the a/her hand / In contrast. Bearing in mind which types 01 intelligence are most common in the closs. Also... Ask students to listen and say what typos of intelligence the speakers have. . I lean toward doing probJem+solving activities rother Own reading or speaking. 5 Comp are Play the audio for Exercise 5.. On one hand . whereas. Aften'lsrds.. You cou ld help students by reading out a model ana lysis. Presentation alternative Write the following language on the board to he1p with preparing the report: We all tend /0 .. Additionalodivity The Qudioscripl for Track 42 is on page T96 '" Unit9 T 97 Brainondbeouty . ask a few students to briefly su mmarize what they found out about their partner. and . Ask students to co mplete the sentences and check their answers in pairs. For example: 1 learn best by analyzing. kinesthetic . drowing.. inlrapersonal Jane: visua l.. tables.. Change pai rs in the classroom. brainstorm on the board ideas for types of activities that could be used in and out 01 closs to facilitate learning.. Both . and videa in closs.. kinesthetic. From a show of hands . J prefer doing problem-solving (lctivities to reading or speaking... For example. Have a brief class discussion o f students' answers.. if mostleorners are visual.2 Tas k Ask students to work ill pairs to add to the Examples column in the table.

I'd rather . 3 Prepare Use your scores above to list your styles of learning... describe your learning styles to each other again.. 1 '" I rarely learn in tbis way. 5 Jane: I like . 1 Jane: Some people prefer .. Make noles to toll your partner about how you learn. .... J prefer .. c Decide w hich are the three most common types of intelligence in the class.2 Task a Usa your noles from Exerc ise 18 to add more exam ples to the table. Can you give me an example a/what you mean? a In groups. b Find out about your "intelligence" (we can all have more than onc type of intelligencel. 6 Rob: I prefer . Keep a note on the most common types of intelligence in other groups. J like I don 't like . 7 Jane: I'd rather .. b Discuss your learning styles together. I don't learn like this at all. . 3 = This is one of the ways I learn best. describe your styles of learning to each other... This time try 10 use some of the language in Exerciso 6a. Complete the sentences below. 2 = I sometimes learn in Ihis way. Read the table again and give yourself a score of 0-3 for each type of intelligence.. 8 Rob: . 7 Follow up USEFUL LANGUAGE I learn best by. Which types of intelligence do they each have? Brain and beauty . 0 ".. 6 Notice Listen to Rob and Jane again.... 4 Feedback a Present your analysis of ycur learning sty les to your partner. 3 Jane: I lean toward . 2 Rob: I lend ... . Did anything surprise you about your partner? Did you agree with their analysis? 5 Compare ~ Listen to Rob and Jane doing the same task. b In the sarno pairs.. wheroas I tend . 4 Jane: I love ... Listen 10 your partner's analysis. Whal kinds of intelligence do you all have? Which is the most common kind ofintelligence in the group? b Report the resu lts of your group to the whole class..

are read by young and okJ alike.-e'1f . In pairs. antib. Choose a word to define from the list. thing.'1 Mandy tOOk the intelligence tast that focused on spatial awareness.e.AIDS allergies anem~ eczema """"'" fatigue tuberculosis _esOOo heart disease innuenza stroke pneurT'oOflia A It's a person who teaches in a university. (She's the woman. wluch is caused by a "YtrnJ. using words and phrases from 2.e. to ask about something we don't know.I Identifying or defining relative clauses This kind of relative clause tells us exactly which person or thing we are talking about.. Note that defining relative clauses are not separated from the main clause by commas. al'8 there? My wife. We cannot usually leave out the We can also use them to ask a real question. i.. or idea.In!lue:n}4. al'8 they? M8J'k's been with that company for years. Non·defining relative clauses are used mof8 in written than spoken English.. Non-defining relative clauses Kevin and Laura aren't coming tonight. strnss 2 Non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers We can use non-defining relative clauses with which to commeflt 00 the Idea in a 'NhoIe sentence: 3 Prevention and cure antibiotics mediCation diet sanitation exercise sloop hygiene vaccination She lives in 8 v&y big house. Then compare your sentences with a partner. fqr lis taw scAoot..5 9t'V'en UJ e/4.'vam U1U-vey~. where or when.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Relative clauses A relative clause gives more information about a noun 1"1 the main clause of a sentence.e. isn't it? There al'8n 't any concerts here this weekend. wfuch t.. the fact that the elections take place fNefY three years is democratic) Write a sentence about each of the following. we foon the tag question with doIdoes/did: information in defining relative clauses: She's the woman who won the beauty contest. which have sold millions of copies.gh. because she doesn't have much money. If the verb in the main part of the sentence is negative. It usually begins with who. )la:. The Harry Potter t:xx:Jks.Jl:. We can use tag questions to check something that we think we know. 4 Tom Cruise used to be married to Nicole Kidman.1UWY. In this use the voice falls on the tag question: '!-tlu've been to Europe several times. when we snee. WOrlcs for the lOcal fflUflkipaIity. which is odd. Where the relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause. using a relative clause. didn 't he? In other tenses we use the auxiliary that is used to form the tense: In defining relative clauses we often use the pronoun that instead of who or which. a professor Switzerland a manager a biologist chemistry smallpox Vocabulary Summary 1 Diseases and problems acne """". Use relative clauses where you can. .'y(:y pecple e. ..e.e qr cqu. giving more infonnation in non-defining relative clauses.sdtes m tAe wo-dd. 1 Harvard University is especially well-known for its law school. Note that we do not use the pror1C)IJ'I that in non-defining relative clauses. hasn't he? With modal verbs. and that we always separate them from the main clause with a comma. can he? If the verb in the main part of the sentence is positive. Unit 9 Broin ond beauty . is especuu1:y welL-known. whose. (The relative clause identifies which test. There are two types of relative clauses: defining (Identifying) and non-defining. 2 Gabriel Garda Marquez wrote A Hundred 'rOOrs of SoJitude.n:niey. guess which word your partner is defining.L~. ~. Choose five of the diseases or problems in 1 and write a definition/description of each. ~. the tag question is positive: This kind of relative clause gives additional information about a person.>cia diabetes indigestion smallpox 2 Causes of disease I health problems alcOhol abuse viruses smoking bacteria pollution eating disorders radiation infection / infected food or water . which is very democrafic. we can leave it out: I failed the math exam (that) I took last month. In this case. it is odd that she lives in a big hOuse) The elections taka place SVSf}' three )'OOIS. 3 Tag questions u. . the sentence stilt makes sense: It's really cold today. and any other language you need. tests are restricted to traditional kinds of intelligence. the tag question is negative.otics a hangover a topic sentence Japan alcohol an optimist B A professor. She speaks English. 5 LQ. 3 Mumps is a painful disease.) Jack lived in this house. who 's an architect. we use the modal to form the tag questiOn: Brian can't sing very well. the voice rises on the tag question: I don't know Pilar. wfuch is one of tAe k5l 1t. haven't you? :::. can 6e ptt'V'en1:ed now by a "Y(lCC. If we leave out the information in the relative Clause. that. UJ peyson. which.. is spyuut from peyson. doesn't she? 71 F""" In simple tenses (simple PfBSSfIt and past).

and grammar correct? ~ ~ grammar? (Is it easy/diffJcultl\ogical7) 2 When you make notes on new grammar. and little. 3 Putting the tips into use In pairs. Note: you wijU need to show a classmate the notes on the grammar that you have made in your notebook at the end of Unit 10. 2 Be systematic about hOw you record tle'N grammar b . Ten minutes a day is enough. d Then dlec!<: your ideas about meaning by looking for other examples to see if they fit.U L. 4 There is little hope of finding any survivors now. A good w'iX'f to do this is by under1ining examples of it in texts and making by noting the form. b • Look for examples of it in differenl contexts. e Finally. 2 Working with grammar a Here are eight lips to help you learn new grammar thOroughly. are the punctuation. of the grammar and give an example to illustrate the meaning.) Do these examples confirm your ideas? d Now check your ideas with the Language note on page 103. cross it off your 1 St. b Look at the list of techniques again and mark each one with one of these keys: . As you read.0. record this grammar in your notebooks so thai you will remember how it is used. e For example: we can express purpose 'Nith connectors that are followed by an infinitive. 2 Few people have high enough scores to be considered geniuses. g This couk:l be n a conversation or when you are writing something.e.g. 1 What do you personally think about English D<J<] REVIEW Revtew your action plan: writing 8 short report In pairs. look at these examples and follow the steps below. Vv'hile you are working on Unit 10. Seeing f " the election. You can also check 'Nitl1 a grammar book. 3 Remember it's not enough to know the form . 1 t know a few people who have really high 1.U d .. I already do this. *= I m ight try this. such as in order to + nfinitive: The 5 Review all new grammar regular1y or you 'Nil! forget government has increased wages in order to gain popularity before or hearing it again and again 'Nil! rep rneroory as well as . spelling. in Vllhich kind of situations. subject + verb + OOject). I'm not interested in this. *** = I will try this. ' notes in the margin. L.z Z C) 01: Written grammar 1 Thinking about grammar a In small groups. ACTION PIAN I> Your action plan: working with written grammar If you do not have a special notebook for grammar. exchange and read the final written report about one of the most popular team sports in your country from Unit B. VV11erl you don't make that mistake any more. e g a 1 Think of grammar as a fun puzzle and a!\-vays try to a Set short.. Match the tips with the examples of hOw to use the techniques. create a special grammar section in your normal notebook. but regu~ times to go over new grammar again.. b Compare your ideas with other pairs. c Can you tI1ink of / find any other examples of these? (The text in Exercise 2b on page 102 might hep you. scores. f • Finally. think about these areas. actively look for appropriate situations when you can use the language. increasing your depth of understanding of the fl8V>I item. -J ~ 3 What techniques do you use to learn new grammar? 4 What is "grammar"? b Share your ideas with the class. I.sk yourself d you know wilen to use the grammar. whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. a little. You do not want to sound too formal in an informal situation. h Go back to your lisl from time to lime. Brain and beauty Unit9 . word order (e.. Think in terms of both the form of the language and the meaning.I". 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy: is the language correctly used? For example. a Use the examples to try to figure out the differences between a few. You also need to understand and record the meaning(s} c '" for example. X". 4 f:. few. or the opposite! b 7 Keep a ~st of the grammatical mistakes you keep making in a special part of your notebook. note down some grammar that interests you and use the steps in Exercise 3 to understand and record it. discuss these questions. figure out the meaning first. 3 A little wisdom can go a lOng way. what information do you include? o >o > o c.

(ill order to) He wore a suit in order to make a good Impression at the interview . 3 He woro a suit because he wanted to make a good impression at the interview. and add commas where necessary. a e Complete these questions with appropriate words. However. 2 The weather was terrible. aren't they ? 3 It's been raining all day. ~ unfair.shlng ' . that had 1 We saw an interesting film last night lwl. is there? . You will need to add a question word to each one. 4 this country' need ' greater ' economic stability What this country needs is greater economic stability. "fw She's the teacher " taught me French.a Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. (even though) The runners all managed to finish the marathon even thouKh the weather Was terrible . hasn't it ? 4 She couldn't speak Japanese a year ago. However. have great special effects. ironing (iron) but I hate ill c not always the best way to lose weight. she failed the test. (in spite 00 She failed the test in spite of answering all the questiON . do you? 2 Picasso and Dali are both Spanish painters. ~ been a huge success. d stealing (steal) clothes from the store. A 1 H Eating (oat) loss is 2 The childron apologizod for 3 Gettinll u~ (gel up) early 4 She denim\ 5 He doesn't mind 2~ h being (be) late. 5 A lot of women hove cosmetic surgery even though it is very expensive. " which have 4 The Star Wars films . (so that) She took up karate so that she could defend herself from aUack . (however) Cosmetic surgery is very ewensive. 1 Although she answered all the questions. the runners all managed to fini sh the marathon.he had finished college. 2 The interviewer asked I she I wanted I do I after I finish I college The interviewer asked what she wanted to do after finl. music but no dialogue. which was 5 Tbey only bought one oftheir three children a bicycle. there are lots of job opportunities. 1 I can'l imagine I he I lives on I salary I can't imagine how he lives on hislthat salary. 4 She took up karato so as to defend herself from attack. a lot of women have it b Expand these notes to make complete sentences. Then write the correct fonn of the verbs in parentheses. Write the pronoun in the correct place. 5 he I want ' live' there ore' Jots I job opportunities He wants to live when there are lots of job opportunities. e is something I really hate! a 1IID 3W <lID sl!!l d There is a relative pronoun missing in all of these sentences. which is 2 They don 't know each other. strange as they work in the same building. thatlwhich 3 I hate books have long chapters. they had missed thoir bus. 1 You don't have a car. could she ? 5 Excuse me. 3 I always feel homesick' think ' friends ' my hometown I always feel homesick when(ever) I think of my friends and my hometown. Where he wants to live. There isn'l a bank around here. 'in c Match A and B to make complete sentences. Use the words in parentheses.

2 anJd. . a llergy 5 I fee l nervous and tonse nil the ti me. foot o-{:. waist h Label the pictu re on the right using ten of the words from the box. 2 I don't like my low foreh ead .'=~~) 3 hin knee g Complete these sentences with a noun that describes an athlete and that is related to the words in italic. 4 I never like to sec a prominent chin on a pohtlClan . Cities in many countries cause problems because they have serious levels of 4 arising from the number of cars. abdomen ankle armpit bottom calf elbow fingers fist foot hand hoad heel hip knee Deck shin shoulder thigh toes waist wrist What are theso patients suffering from? Use the noun form oftive of the words from the box. but I'm 40 pounds overwOIght. . . 2 I look so pale and I just don't have any energy.---. Sho's an Olympic d iver 5 He can lift 150 kilos. Use the context to hell> you. but also from factOfies. often (medicaij med icine and food. for example. It gives . allergic fatigued d iabetic can cerous obese strossfu l bald anemic depressed 1 I just can't feel positive about anything -l ife seems so black to me .. A HEALTHY LIFE Modem lite brings with It a wide range of illnesses and diseases. and a variety of cures and remedies. Ho's a weiehtlifter . . chi n forehead eyelids eyebrows nose lips cars eyes mouth 1 His eyebrows arc very arched . stress wrist Complete the text with the correct form of the words in parentheses. patients are told to lead a less 1 2 sanitation stressfu l (Stress) lite It they can possibly do so. . darling. 4 It happens in the spring . 3 You need to gel more sleep. 2 Sho can jump a long dis tance. in some countries (sanitary) is very poor and can result in a number of 3 ~nfect) that spread in dirty water poilu lion (pollute). especially at work. Kids at school used to call me "Neanderthal Boy".my eyes start to water and they Itch badly. the mare resistant the bacteria become. as well as treating the symptoms. They make him look surprised all the lime. 3 I guess it's partl y poor diet and no exercise.::. He's a great hjgh jumper . obesity . 3 Ho can run short dis tances ve1J' quickly. But the more antibiotics we use. fatigue . .f Complete the sentences with five ohhe facial features from the box.dmuession . 1 He can ju mp vory high.:. so we really have to fight the causes of illness.. Nowadays. 5 Mary is reall y n very nice person but she has such Ihm lips that her smilos look fal se. Doctors prescribe different kinds of 5 to counter illnesses. In other parts of the world there are other reasons for illness. Sho's a champion long jumper . the impression that they're very stubborn. Your eyelids look very heavy and yo ur eyes are bloodshot. He's a great sprinter 4 She can jump in to the water hood first from a great height.. as this is one of the main reasons !of sickness infUI:tions in the western world. the most common of which are antibiotics.

Unitl0 The world around
lesson 1
1 Speaking skill s

2 Reading skills
a T he following sentences come from the article below Read them and predict what the article is about. .

,I W,lin! d~ you know about waler? Take the wat erw ise qUI z and find ou\.

1 The city is lndore, in India, where [ grow up. 2 A project to draw water from the Narmada Ri ver lay unfinished for years.
3 T he city doesn't s leep easy. 4 Moreover. the water shortage is not shared equally. 5 M~ Il~oth er reminds every household member whe w IiI listen to use less water. ..........

b Read the article aud check your predictions. The sentences from 2a are missing from the start of paragra p~s A.-E. Write the numbers of each sentence "-" at the begmnmg of the appropriate paragraph.

Precious Fluid ~;
A~ It sleeps with one ear tumed to the fully opened faucets with buckets dangling from them. At the first sounds of the water's arrival through the pipes in the pre-dawn dark, bodies spring from beds to fiU buckets and pots. In the slums, people have been awake since before the first droPS arrived. Uning up, half-asleep with their pots by the communal tap, waiting. Sometimes the water runs for an hOur, sometimes just a few minutes. Sometimes the water company skips a day or two, sometimes more. B~ Several trips are made through the day to inspect the level of the tanks _ one on the roof of our house, one on the ground. The city'S poor people, with hardly any storage at their disposal, are forced to buy exorbitantly priced water brought in by tanker. Rghts erupt. There have even been murders.

e lIl

It has 1.5 million inhabitants and there has been a water problem here as far back as I can remember. Today it is estimated that the water supply to the city is half of the amount required . A rise in population and a steady decline in rainfall are usually blamed. But there are other culprits, too.


Meanwhile, Indore's streams, an histOrical source of water, were neglected and tumed into drains. The govemment's '-promise of "a faucet in every home" tums people into passive consumers of state-provided water, weakening the traditional role of communities in maintaining local water supply. The street where the rich live has lush gardens, even during the dusty Indian summer. An industrialist's mansion down thl road from my parents' house has an indoor swimming pool. ........ And then there are whole localities with either very little water or no water at all.


~ b Now listen and check your answers. c In grou ps, compare your scores. Who is the most "water-wise"? Which is the most important fact you discovered fro m the questionnaire?

.,. GLOSSARY (see opposite page)


The world around us

Grammar quantifiers

Topic: water
Reading a magazine article, a quiz Ustening a conversation

laking and discussing a quiz

Write wateron the boord. Put students in pairs and ask them to write as many uses for water as they can in one minute. Find oul which pair thought of the most uses. Possible list:

Introduce the topic

you con drink it; you can swim or dNe in it; you can water plonts with it: you can wash in it; you can hove a shower or bath in il; you can wash dishes with it; you can wash clothes/cors/windows with il; you con make fountains, pools, and ornamental ponds; you con go sailing/woterskling/windsurfing/speedbooling on il; you con put flowers in il; you can freeze it and make ice for your drinks; you con boil it and make tea; steam engines

There are many numbers in this unit, Here is how to pronounce a few. 60% = sixty per cent 1.5 liters", one point five liters 0.01% '" zero point zero one per cent (in British English, nought paint nought one per centl 2025 '" twenty twenty~five 400.000", four hundred thousand

Note on numbers

1 Speaking skills
Ask students 10 lake the quiz in Exercise la . Limil lhe lime 10 five minutes. Play the audio for Exercise l b. Ask students to Iislen and check their answers. Then let groups of students discuss the quiz. Afterwards, find out ITom the class what surprised or worried them.


2 Reading skills
Pul students in pairs 10 predict ITom the sentences in Exercise 2a . Ask students to read the article quickly, and find out whether any of their predictions are mentioned. Draw attention to the Glossary. Briefly, elicit answers ITom the class.

T .• ~


Put students in pairs to match sentences to paragraphs in Exercise 2b .

A lers check the answers now. B Okay. You read out the questions, and I'll give you the answer from the bock 01 the magazine. A Right. Question 1. How long can the overage person survive without water? We said b. three weeks. B We were wrong. II"s a - only three days. A Is Ihat all? Wow! Okay, question 2. What can happen if you don't drink water regularly? We said a - you develop kidney problems. B And a it is! That's correct. Question 3? A How much water should you drink every day? We said b. about half a liter. B Actually, it's a. at least one and a half liters. That's a 101, isn't it? A Yes, it must be about seven or eight glosses. I don't drink that much water. B Neither do I, but maybe we should. Okay, question 4. A Right. How much of our body is water? We said c, 60 per cent. B Thars right, c, irs about 60% water. A Good. Now, 5, approximately how much wa ter do we have in our body? We said c, 50 liters. B And we were right. C - our bodies contain obout 50 liters of water. A Well, that was okay. Question 6 was how much of the earth's surface is covered by water? We said c, 70%.

B Yeah, right again, irs over two-thirds water, so about 70%. We're doing okay. So, question 7? A 7. How much 01 the earth's water is drinkable? We said c, 10%. B ah, not so good here. The answer is b. In fact, irs less than one per cent. A Gosh, I didn't know thaI. Okay. Question 8, how much water does an overage African use every day? We said 0, five liters. B Yeah, that's right, a, five liters. A Good, and question 9, how much water does an overage American use every day? We said it would be more, so about 50 liters, b. B Well, we were wrong again. The overage American uses about 500 liters of water every day! Thors c. A Thars amazing - and frightening. How do we use that much? B I suppose in boths and using hosepipes, and washing cars - all that kind of stuff. A Yeah, , expect you're right Last question - by 2025, how many people on the planet will face a water shortage? We said 0, one third. B Well, the horrifying truth is that irs c, about Mo-thirds. Isn't that awful? A Yes. So how did we do? B Uh, we got five right and fIVe wrong, so it wasn't too bod, bull think we should really know more about things like this ..

The world around us

T l02

Unit 10

Ask students to research the article and list points under the headings in Exercise 2c. Afterwards, build up a class list of points on the board. Possible answers: The poor: lhey get up early to line up at the communal tap; they have to buy overpriced water because they can't collect water; they fight over water, and people are murdered. The rich: not affected; lush gardens and indoor swi mming pools The author's fami ly: mother reminds people to use less water; she inspects the fam ily water tanks regularly.

End this part of the lesson by having a brief class discussion about the questions in Exercise 2d.

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
Do the first as an example to get students started on Exercise 3a. Point out every household member in sentence 5 of exercise 2a, and tell students to underline it. Then tell students to find and underline other sentences with quantifiers in the text. Let students check ill pairs. Then ask them to discuss Ule questions in Exercise 3a in pairs.
Quick grammar
The problem with quantifiers is which words they go with - countable or uncountable nouns? Singular or plural nouns? And, since Ihis is often different from students' firsl languages, il can lead to many errors.

guide: quantifiers

Common problems and errors
Some nouns may be countable in students' languages and uncountable in English or ",ice verso;


All the furnitures 6fC comfortable. There .¥;R "

nice clothes here.

He gave me a lot of informaliofl5. Much, many, and a lot of I lots of cause confusion: He has fRI:JER money. Little and few may be interchangeable in the students' first longuoges. I have lew money,

Answers: Every household member Somelimes just a few minutes Several trips are made ... With hardly any storage , .. .. . half the flmOWlt required ... very litUe water or no water at all.

followed by countable, singular nOWI followed by a countable, plural noun - a small quantity followed by a countable, plural noun -a mediwn quantity followed by an uncountable noun · - a very small quantity followed by an uncountable noun'" followed by an uncountable noun - a small quantity followed by an uncountable noun *

*Note that. although followed by all w lcountable here, Ulese can also be followed by counlables, (hardly any people; half the students, etc.) Ask students to complete the table in Exercise 3b, then check wi th a partner. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 3c. Let students check with a partner before discussing as a class, Go through the example in Exercise 3d as a class, then give students a minute or two to read the facts and think of how they can express the facts using quantifiers. Remind them about the Language Nole. and clarify any confusion related to using/ow I a few and little I a little. Put students in pairs to discuss. Monitor and listen for accurate use of quantifiers. Afterwards, elicit from each pair their "best" sentence.

Unit 10

T 103 The world around us

c Read the article again and make notes on how the water problem affects these people. the poor the rich the aUlhor's family d Are water shortages andlor water pollution a problem in your country or region? What are the problems? Can you suggest some solutions?

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
a Find the quantifiers below in the article and the sentences in Exercise 2a. Underline the sentence each quantifier is in. Then answer the questions. every a few several hardly any half very litt le no

c Complete the sentences with an appropriate quantifier. 1 "Some more wine?" "No thanks. I still have some/a HIlle left." 2 It is the responsibility of even person to take care of the environment. 3 "Would you like to try the left or right shoe?" " I'd like to try .hW.h.. of them, please." 4 There are a (ew!some/seyeraJ coins left in the car. We'd better got them for the parking meter. S We get a lot of/a good deal of rain here in the summer, so the grass is very green.
d In pairs, d iscuss these facts about water. using an

Are the quantifiers followed by countable or uncountable nouns? 2 If the quantifier [s fo llowed by a countable noun, is it singu lar or plural? 3 Which quantifiors refer to a large quantity and which 10 a small quantity? correct group below.

appropriate quantifier. We Jose 0 Jot of our water because of old pipes. / We waste a great deal o[ water.

b Write the <!Uanlifiers from Exercise 3a in the

Amazing facts!
We lose 70% of our water because of old pipes.

Quantifier type Inclusive Large or medium quantities Small qua ntities Precise quantities Negative qua ntities

Examples both, either, each, ~, all many, a lot of. a groat/good deal of. seyeral some, few, ~, hardly aoy, yecr little a quarter, two-thi rds, ..llillL neither. ......lliL....., none

The average citizen in Britain uses 200 liters of water a day.

LANGUAGE NOTE Nota tha differonce betwoen Q [ew/o little and felli/little: We get a littlo rain every day. / The ground is dry because lIIe get little rain in the summer. There are a few French speakers here. / There are few speakers left of some languages. a felll/fl little", some: [elll/little = not enough

An average citizen in Mozambique uses 9 hters of water a day.

400,000 litres of water is used In the production of a car.

GLOSSARY (Procious Fluid) dangling hanging, swinging slum poor area of a town with very bad housing exorbitant overpriced, costing much more than is usual culprit person or thing responsible for something badlillegal drain passage through which water or sewage nows away lush very green nnd healthy

Over two-thirds of the earth's surface is water.

Only 0.D1 % of the earth's water is drinkable.

The world around us

Unit 10


1 Listening skills
a Look at the picture. What do you tllink the object is? Why is tho man !ooking al it? b Choose a caption for the picture from the olles on the right. @ C Listen to Pari 1 orlhe radio program to check your answer. ~ d In pairs, guess the answers to these questions. Then listen to Part 2 and check your guesses. 1 How many pieces of man-made jWlk are there in outer space? 70,00010150 ,00 2 What kind of man-made jun k is there? mostly sateUiles and rockets, but also wrenches, gloves, cans and bags, scraps of paper, plastic 3 Who dumped it in outer space? astronauts 4 What might happen if this junk falls back onto the earth? it might disintegrate when it enters the earth 's atmosphere 5 What's the largest thing that has ever fallen back onto the earth? a space station 6 Wh o does the garbage belong to? USA, Russia, Britain, Germany
e What do you think can be done to solve the problem of "space junk"?

<DGreat Balls of Fire ®
_ one of the tWO

"T'his South

®A South
African farmer keeps his '--" distance from the bomb in case it explodes.

metal obiects
that fe\\ from the skY and landed ,

white hot , on a farm near

an UnUSual Orm of the €'<lme in Which
the ball is mad



PaYer is tr .

AFricans I OCcer


of melal.


3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases
a We use of to combine the conta iners and their contents. e.g. a lube o/toothpaste.
1 Which word in the phrases below has the main stress? the container word . 2 Which word is weak. with the vowel reduced to I~I? of a can of baked beans a carton of milk a jar of honey a bailie of beer a box of chocolate a bag of chips


b Listen and check your answers. Then repeal.

2 Vocabu lary: containers
a in the radio p rog ram. Major Lewis mentioned cans and bags among the space junk. What might have been in them?
b What usually comes in these containers? Put lhe things in the box in the correct columns.

c In pairs, check your an swers to Exercise 2b. Say the phrases with the correct stress. A inslan/ coffee B a jar of ins/ant coffee

4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers
a What is the differe nce between a lube of toothpaste and a toothpaste tube? Label LANGUAGE NOTE the pictures with the two phrases. We do not use the plural farm in these b Listen to the phrases phrases: and re peat them. Where is the main stress in a call of ooked beans these phrases? but (looked bean can.......,.. The main stress is on the first word .

instant coffee paint jam orange juice matches wine ice cream cookies cereal mineral water soda ointment olives tools lemonade potatoes yogurt

C ."
paint soda

honey instant calfee jam




toothpaste bakod beans ointment

chocolate beer cereal matches wine IDOls




orange juice icecream

orange cerfllli juice wine potatoes

lemonade ointment yogurt olives

minerai cookies water soda lemonade

tube oftoothpaste

= =


too thpas te lube


The world around us

Play the recording again . bottles. irs not the first time man-made junk has fallen on to earth from outer space. Then p lay the audio.. compile a list of possible explanations on the board from the class's answers. Play the audio for Exercise Ie. Now.a large metal hal! that fell from space. but J think there must be millions. 2 Vocabulary: containers Encourage specu lation about the question in Exercise 2a.. 100. and ask students to repeat chorally. t .. I 46i'-. whereas toothpaste tube is describing the object.. Ask students to listen and check their predictions.n" In Adlon " lodoy. program. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise le. Using realia 3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases Ask students to work in pairs to predict answers to the question s in Exercise 3a. in fact. Afterwards. Model the activity briefly to preview and encourage the use of modals: I'm not sure. jars. T .Objectives Topic: iunk and disposing of waste Vocabulary containers Grammar modal verbs: active and passive Pronunciation stress in phrases Ustening a radio interview Speaking discussing waste Write on the board: Introduce the topic a garbage can a recycling center a wastepaper basket a second-hand clothing shore a yard sale a landfill site Ask What sort of things do we put in or give to Ihese places or things? Why? Do you pay attention to whether you get rid of your garbage or junk? 00 you recycle things? 1 Listening skills Ask students to work in pairs or groups oflmee or fo ur to discuss the picture in Exercise l a and match the caption from Exercise lb. Make sure students are pronouncing of with a weak stress.• ill I The audioscript for Track 45 is on page nos ::. Let students check answers in pairs hefore disc ussing them as a class. Answers will vary. @ 4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers Ask the question in Exercise 4a to the class. Ask students to listen and check. ask stu dents in pairs to look hack at exercise 2b and practice pronouncing the answers with the correct stress. regardless of whether the tube has anything in it or not. Here in the studio 10 throw light on the problem is Major Richard lewis. pausing after each phrase. and it seems it wan·1 be the last. and point out that tube of toothpaste means Ihere is toothpaste in it. For Exercise 3c. something falls from the sky ~ery day. You can also use them in the pronunciation activity that follows to proctice stress in phrases. The best caption: 1. cans. . then ask students to complete the table in Exercise 2b.. o can of baked beans a jar of haney a carton of milk a box of chocolate a bottle 01 beer a bog of chips The world around us T 104 Unit 10 . a baked bean can a honey jor a milk carton a chocolate box a beer bottle Ho" W"com. Ask one or two individuals 10 repeat individually. 10 Sd. CJ @ ~ For Exercise 1d.~ 47"---------. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. ond bogs. You can use them to elicit the vocabulory. Point oul both the illustration and the Language Note. Ask students to listen and repeat. It is 0 good ideo to bring in 0 shopping bag of different tubes. first put students in pairs to predict answers. we investigate a new kind of garbage called 'space junk: We begin with the mysterious appearance of two metal balls that formers in South A frica say fell from the sky near Cope Town.... Ask students to listen to find out if their predictions were correct. Answer: Th e object is space junk . Space watchers say that. Play the audio for Exercise 3b.

.. elicit answers from the class and clarify any confusion.500... can I begin by asking you just how much space junk is flying around up there in outer space? Lewis Well.. pieces of junk? Do we know? Lewis Yes. weighing about . Presenter Well..000 items.. Presenter A whole space stolion! Was anybody hurt? Lewis No. Presenter I see. cons and bags.. c 2 is more objective because it does not "blame" anyone by saying who should be building landfill sites. Somebody ought to make the countries take more care . At the end. And what kind of things are we talking abaut? Lewis All kinds of things ~ wrenches. Give students a couple of minutes to read through the table in Exercise 6b. Check any problem vocabulary. we're tracking around 8. Unit lO Tl05 Theworldaround us . At the end.in other words.is it dangerous? Lewis Most of it isn't . Presenter And whot's going to happen to all this stuff . Put students back in the same groups as for exercise 6a. Somebody should destroy them . uh . Allow about ten minutes.. Presenter Major L ewis. Britain and Germany have only one piece of trash each that we're aware of. Answers: a Ought is followed by to. Monitor carefully and be ready for questions. the United Stotes owns the mosl oboul 3. at the Space Center at present. Do the first sentence in Exercise 5e as an example. Altogether. if possible. 45'-----------------------------------------------------------~ For Exercise ld on page 104 II. And of course.000 to 150. ask them to outline the main problems and their recommendations for reducing and disposing of waste. 5 Grammar: modal verbs + active and passive Put students in pairs to work through Exercises 5a to 5d . Presenter Uh.both beca use it is followed by 10 and because it is difficult to pronounce. 35 kilos and it landed with a loud boom in a vineyard only 50 meters or so from where some farme rs were working. Presenter And how big are these . Oughllo is also a problem . that was a very hal metal sphere.. vote on which group had the best ideas.000 . Presenter And is anyone going to do anylhing about the problem? Lewis We can hope! All the junk must be tracked carefully so that we know if there are any large objects up there ~ and. And where did all this junk come ' from? Lewis Well. The subject is somebody. Quick grammar guide: models The major problem here is Ihot many students ovoid modols in general and passive modals in particular. 6 Speaking skiUs Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 6a.000 pieces of man-made junk that are floating around the earth. scraps of paper and plastic. then have a brief discussion with the class. There were in fact two balls. gloves. In fact there are probably a lot more than 8. Give them three or four minutes.. and Russia is second with 2. After students have discussed the questions. Major Lewis.Put students in pairs or small groups to discuss Exercises 4c and 4d . We tend to use the passive to be impersonal and objective. like /I is necessary Ihal . they're between one centimeter and 10 em in size. huh. we think there are about 70. Let students check their answers in pairs when they have finished .000 pieces of garbage out there. Make sure students say either should + verb or ought to + verb. thonk you for joining us today. that wrench goes out into space and becomes a piece of spoce junk.a lot of it diSintegrates when it enters Ihe earth's atmosphere but some of this Irash is going to foil bock 10 earth. uh . Ask one student from each group to present their ideas to the class. Then ask students to add to the list any ideas they can think of.. thankfully no one was in jured Presenter And what about this mysterious melal ball in South Africo? Lewis Well. But this kind of thing happens every day. a lot of it has been left behind by astronauts over the years during the various space missions. they should be destroyed when they start to fall to ovoid any damage. and ask them to discuss the questions. well. we don't know andlor we are not interested in who does the action of the verb. They tend to use expressions from their native languages. but mostly we're talking about parts of satellites and rockets. let's sayan astronaut drops a wrench while he's working at the space lab.it s just that our radar can't pick out anylhing smaller than these. Encourage students to practice all the vocabulary introduced in this section. that's all fascinating. Presenter One last question: who does this gorboge belong to? Lewis Actuolly. b Somebody must track all the junk . countries with satellites and space stations ought to be made to take more care of their things in space.. as happened in 1979 when a whole space station crashed inlo Australia.

4 People should/ouXht 10 be encouraged {encourage} to take bottles to a recycle center.. 3 Newspapers and magazines should/ought to be recycled (recycle). What is different about ough(! 1 All the junk must be tracked carefully . Underline the modal verbs. littering inefficient garuage collection too many nOll· biodegradable containers not enough garbage cam pollution of air and water from landfi lls lack of recycling centers c Make recommendations for your country or community.c What arc the containers in tho taule in Exercise 2b usually made of? Discuss in pairs. Use the ideas in the table and your own ideas. e. a small paymont punishing people who litter or leave their garbage in inappropriate places Ways of disposing of waste burying in landfill sites burning in incinerators sending into space putting in deep oceans melting and reusing for new products. 3 . something else Toothpas te tubes aro made of metal.. metal. e Complete these suggestions with should or ought to.g. which onos do you throwaway. 2 More landfill si tes ought to be built. discuss the fo llowing questions... e. they should be destroyed when they start to fa ll . Materia ls: plastic.. We think the city government alight to provide more garbage cons. Who is the subject in each one? c Look at theso two suggestions. countries . Say what you think the major problems are and make recommendations for improvement. b Rewrite the sentences with active verbs. in what ways? 3 How is waste disposed of! Arc there any problems associated wi th this? Problems Ways of reducing waste taxing households that produce excessive waste providing recycling facilities for more items. Jllore garbage cans would help. Decide whether to use an active or passive form. ought to be made to take marc care of thei r things in space. cans providing an incentive for recycling. When you have finished with the containers. Answer the questions helow. discuss how waste is handled in your cou ntry or com munity.. ond nlso the schools should . and which do you recycle? 6 Speaking skills a General waste is becoming a huge problem today. aren 'tthey? d Household packaging is a real "junk " problem . Which one is more objective? Why? 1 The govern men t ought to build more landfill sites. A lot of people litter because there aren't fI nol/gh garbage cans in tilt) streets. which do you keep.. S If you have a garden. you shouldlought to put (put ) all vegetable and fruit waste on a compost heap.g. Say what the current forms of waste disposal are and suggest some alternative forms which you feel would be practical. B res. 2 We shouldn't/ouK nol 10 Use (usc) so hl many plaslic shopping bags when we go to the supermarket. Le.. 1 What are the problems related to waste? 2 Do people try to reduco wasle? If so. A Littering is a big problem.. The world oround us UnillO . 2 What do you think happened to your garbage? 3 How does your country or community deal with garbage? b In your groups. paper. 1 Households that produce a lot of garbage s hould/oughlto be taxed (tax) more. d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on pago 110. economical.. 1 What kind of things have you thrown away in the past week? Think abou t all your waste. Present your ideas to the class.. (I Stiffer fines s hould/ouCht to be introduced [introduce) for people who litter in the street. In groups. Decide as a class which were the best ideas. and ecological. plastic 5 Grammar: modal verbs + acti ve an d passive a Look at these passive sentences from the listening. glass. 2 ..

and this has caused a lot of debate . jill I b Choose the Iwo strongest arguments fo r or against CM food from your text. a gene from Brazil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes . proved that I that 4 It has al read y been im plantin~ I a gene can introduce sOl1s of problems into the I food chain : for example. 2 It is only in this way that we will be able to I feed I the world 's exploding population. so the s tro ng I pesticides have been used un ti l now will become a thing of the past. * require little water and fertilizer._. UnlllO The world around us . Scientists have recentl y produced GM rice with increased vitamin A and iron content. This will help people who suffer from low levels of vitamin A and iron. * bear abundant fruit with little supervision and carei * are enriched with vitamins and minerals. such as areas thaI used to lose cro ps through I flooelinG I or extreme heat. for and against CM food . we arc Oll now able to change the I genes I in plants. . T hen listen and check. A tremendous milestone in this direction was achieved when the genome of rice was finally identified. 5 AnQther serious obh:<:lion is that growing GM crops in close proxi mity 10 other crops means 2 Explain why you think the y are the most that those crops wi ll be I contaminated I. which cause blindness and anemia. read two arguments. There are three words in each blank. the first time in history that this had been done fo r a major food crop. Fill the boxes with the words in Exercise 1. The pressure to feed people is rapidly intensifying. Student A: Read the text below and complete the table with argume nts for CM food. It is now possible to create "super rice" with increased fertility and resislance to disease a nd insects. 1 Vocabulary: GM food What do you know aoout genetically modified food? What are the argu ments for and against il? Use th ese words and expressions in your answers. contaminated crops flooding genes food chai n GM feed imp lanting pesticides resistant 2 Li stening skills @ a Read these sections from a debate on CM food. 3 Fi nally. As Y know. Fo' Against GM food: the arguments for GM food has enormous potential for helping nations suffering from famine and for feeding the exploding world population. 1 The issue of [I====G M ~L====I foods is a controversial one . this will have eno rmous consequences. Since four billion people (about 60% oftbe world's population) depend on rice. Ie is difficult to argue against GM crops when the welfare of billions of people is involved. scientis ts can now p rod uce GM I cro ps I that can grow in harsh environments . important arguments in your text.~ b Listen carefully and fill in the rest oflhe blanks. 3 Write your partner's arguments in the other column of the table. 3 Reading skills a In pairs. Student B: Read the text on page 151 and comple te the table with arguments agains t CM food. in large quantities genome the complete set of genes in a living thing I resistant to insects. 1 Describe the arguments to your partner. Biotechnology is now being used to create crops that: * flourish in harsh environments such as arid land and salty soil. The world's population is now six billion and will grow to eight billion by 2020 and perhaps eleven billion by 2100. GM crops will be GLOSSARY biotechnology science based on cells and bacteria flourish grow weil and be healthy a rid very dry with few plants a bundant plenty of. Second .

You may need 10 play and pause the recording to give students time to write answers. in exercises 3b and 5. Play the audio and ask students to listen and check.. Group A read the text on poge 106. in poirs... one A and one B. Do the first as an example. The main reason for . the longuage of presenting an argument for and against is used. Then give studen ts a minute to prepare what thoy want to say about GM food.Objectives Grammar reported speech Topic: GM food Vocabulary GM food Reading Writing Ustening a debate Speaking discussing GM food a magazine orticle a discursive essay Write GM food on the board. and holp with problems. . is .. in which students read different passages and try to put together their understanding of the text to make it whole. Tell them to write For (if thoy aro A).. This is a good wov of mixing students and crealing more interadion. Make sure that thoy exchange and write down each other's information. The mosl convincing orgument against . @ @ •• 3 Readin g skills This is a jigsaw reading. monjtor. Then play the recording again. In the activity and loler in the lesson. using a table they have coped from Exercise 3a into their notebooks. Let students check their answers with a partner when they have finished. The main problem with / drawback of / concern with . You may wish 1 write the longuoge below on the board to help students do Ihis and 0 loler activities: Useful language The moin argument in favor of . they then sit down and do exercise 3b together. then elicit comments from the class. When students have finished. The oudioscripl for Track 48 is on IXlge n07 ~ The world around us T 106 Unit 10 . Put students in groups of fou r to discliss their ideas. Divide the closs into fWo equal halves. Then ask students 10 stand up and find a portner from the other group who has read a different text. ask them to describe and explain their argu mellts in pairs. In Exercise 2b. Tell UlOm they havo nvo minutes to read their text and outline arguments. is lhal .. Group Bread the text on poge 151. is . When Ihey have finished. Put students in pairs. or Against (if they are B) al the top of a page in their notebook. ask students to fill in the rest of the blanks first. is . Groups A and B.. discuss the vocabulary in the box in Exercise la . . students can check their answers with others from the some group. Aa students do Exercise 3b. 2 Listening skills Ask students to fill in the boxes in Exercise 2a wilh words from exercise t . Ask What does GM stand for? Whol sort of food is genetically modified these days? Hove you ever eoten GM food? Whars the law on GM food in this country? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: GM food As 8 closs. Tell students not to worry about the other blanks at this stage.. walk around the class.

scientists can now produce GM crops thai can grow in harsh environments. II has already been proved that implanting a gene con introduce all sorts 01 problems into the food chain: lor example. ~~--------------~ For Exercise 2 00 Poge 106 iii. by forcing GM crops on poorer notions. etc. as they will need these notes to write thei r essay. Common problems and errors Forgetting to change tense. Sometimes. we changes to they. Ask students to follow the inslmctions in Exercise sd to write thei r ind ividual essays. 5 Writing skills In Exercise 5a. 0 gene from BraZil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes. My opinion is that GM crops will be with us lorever. Put students in pai rs to work on Exercises 4a through 4e. Finally. whal it might do to animals and human beings. fired. go through the answers as a class. ore changes to were.g. Second. e. Peaple In these areas will now have enough to eat. Woman I agree with the first speaker that the issue 01 GM crops is controversial. we are pulling them into a position where they wilt no longer be able to grow non-GM food. for very good reasons. GM crops will be resistant to insects. lor these reasons. will become changes to would becom e. First. He lells ~ me to be quiet. ask students to read through the reported statements. Quick grammar guide The main thing tho! students need to grasp when reporling speech is the ·one tense back'" tense chonge. This could be sot for homework. GM allows us to produce bask loodstuffs beller and more cheaply. Ask the groups to decide what their viewpoint is.4 Grammar rev iew and extension: reported speech [n Exercise 4a. The teacher &9t" !fie Ihe onswers. for or against GM food. Anolher serious obieCtion is thai growing GM crops in close proximity to olher crops means lhatthose crops will be contaminated. II is only in this woy that we will be able to leed the world's exploding population. Model the activity by matching tho fi rst reported statement to the direct speech in ~xercisc 2n (section 11 as a class. but my agreement stops there. so Ihe strong pesticides that have been used until now will become a thing of the pas!. At the end. Answe rs: Changes: Verbs go one tense back. e. which should please everyone. In some cases. My main objection is thot we really don't know what genetic modification does 10 a plant and. Make sure that everybody fi lls in the columns. in 1. UnillO T 107 TheWOl"ldaroundus . In 2. There is often confusion between the verbs soyond felf. F urthermore. has caused changes to !Jad caused. in 1. this may prove 10101. Mon The Issue 01 genetically modified loods is a controversial one.we can already do thot if we slop using all our land to raise CQ'NS and pigs for food. we are now able 10 change the genes in plants. such as areas that used to lose crops through flooding or extreme heal. Common mistakes include wroog placement of to and incorred use of on objed pronoun after soy. As you know. and people with nut allergies are experiencing allergic readioos to these tomatoes. And in answer to the argument about feeding the world . He said thaI he it. the pronoun changes. Monitor and help with questions and confusions. I disogree completely with GM crops. will be to would be. therelore. divide students into groups of four or five to completo a fo rlagainst table. and this has caLlsed a lot 01 debate. from are to were.g.

report other things that the author said. He said .. e.. He said we . b How do these arguments fo r and against relate to your country? Agree on the greatest threats and opportunities that GM food represents for your country. section 1 2 He predicted that the strong pesticides that had boon used unlit now would bocome a thing of the past. He said scientists . Reported: He said they . We should all be aware of the problems.4 Grammar review and extension: reported speech a Look at these reported statements from the debate in Exercise 2.. "- They bad already started the trials. Paragraph 1: introduce the topic Paragraph 2: list the arguments for GM food Paragraph 3: list the arguments against GM food Last paragraph: summarize your viewpoint and conclude the essay..g. Also use the plan for writing on page 47. 5 Writing skills a In groups ..Present perfect Direct: Reported: Past perfect '-Direct: . Scientists have rocently produced GM super rice. In pairs. should Direct: Reported: Direct: '-- Reported: Direct: Reported: d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 110. Find the direct speech in Exercise 2a.. The developed world can help tho third world.Simple past Direct Reported: ' . e Look at the text you read in Exercise 3a. predict. Reported: He said they were . c Usc your answers to Exerciso 4b and your knowledge of reported speech to complete this table. section 4 4 She argued that growing GM crops in close proximity to other crops meant that those crops would be contaminated.. He said . will. 1 The man claimed that they were able to change the genes in plants. '. . compare the direct speech sentences in Exercise 2a with the reported speech above. Theworld around us Uni!10 .. tell. explain. Your essay should have four paragraphs and be between 200 and 250 words long.. He said tbey . Modals: can. Write them in the for/aga inst table in Exercise 3a. c Go through the arguments for and against GM food in this lesson and sum up your position. section 5 b In pairs.Simple present "- eM food bas enormous potential.. d Write a discursive essay with the title Is GM food a positive or negative development? Follow the notes below and use you r notes for this lesson.. section 3 3 The woman explained that implanting a gene could introduce all sorts of problems into the food chain. Use the information in this lesson and your own ideas. Reported: He said GM food had enormous potenlial. say. and that had caused a lot of debate. ' . The world's population will grow to eight billion by 2020. Direct: "- Present progressive Direct: We IlJ'(l not saying that all eM crops are dangerous. and list tho changes you find.... think of as many reasons as you can for and against eM food. claim . . argue. Use different reporting verbs. They exported food from Ethiopia.

there will be no w ater.. t UnillO The world around us . have been the main causes of climate change in recent years. Of these. only desert. The greenhouse effect is caused by both natural and human activity... non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of the air d the normal temperatures.. Scientists estimate their predictions for the future ~ knowledge of historical climate Change and comp uter models of the climate system . such as carbon dioxide. \. r l It---- . 1 global warming b 2 CO2 (carbon di oxide) c 3 Prepare a You are going to look for the answers to some of the questio ns in a short text. Ask yo ur partner the questio ns that your text didn't answer and take notes. or the earth e the air around the earth f temporary conditions in the air. If globa l warm ing is really h appening.. hot or cold . Globally. Group A text The greenhouse effect is the orocess where heat js unable to escape from the earth's atmosphere.. The latest predictions for the 21st century are for an increase of 2... sunny or rainy b Fill in the blanks in the text with fiv e of the key words. - \.. Can you an swer all the questions n ow ? '--' 3 atmosphere e 4 degrees a 5 climate d 6 weather f a un its that are used for measuring temperature b the increase in te mperature that has been taking place in recenl years v '--- "---' c a colorless. You have only three m inutes to do this. Studies carried out by scientists into climate change in the last century show that volcanic activity. Some scientists believe the temperature is going to continue rising.g. c Work in pairs of A and B students.5-1 0. Group A: Read quickly through the text below. Grou p B: Read quickl y through the text at the bottom of the opposite page. b Put a check (. The rise in temperature is called global warming. Answer your partner's questions. change in land use. Th e teacher will di vide the class into two groups.- 'r--' I Wha t is globa l warming? The earth's temperature has risen by 0. In others . greenhouse gases. it mean s the sea level will rise Ilnd in some cou ntries thi s w ill cause catastrophic flo od ing.4 degrees Fahrenheit. have seen a four degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature.. Scientists believe the m ain reaso n for Ihis is that we are putting too much 2 ~ into the 3 atmosphere . of a country. a region.. odorless..7 l degrees in the last 150 years. but some people say 4 global warming is a m yth they say there have always been 5 cl jmate changes on earth and it's too earl y to say w h ether this parti cular change is part of a norm al cycle or something unusual.. which is a ma jor cause for concern.. These p redictions are based on a number of factors and are not absolute. and greenhouse gases all cause climate change.. e. air temperature increased by one degree Fahrenheit in the 20th century but some regions.. which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. such as Alaska. ) by the questions in the list above that your text answ ers and make brief notes about them. etc..lesson4 Climate change > 2 Task Read these frequent ly asked questions about global warming. rainfall . Can yo u answer an y of them? • • • • • • • • What exactly is t he green house effect? A Is climate change a natu ral or human-caused phenomenonWhat are the possi ble effects of cli mate change? B '--' Wilt there be any benefits associated with climate change? B How much climate change has been observed up till now? Is pl anting more trees a way of solvi ng global warming? B '--" Are there any alternatives to coal and oil? B Who is responsible fo r greenhouse gas emissions and climate change? B • How do scientists estimate the climate of the futu re and how reliabl e are their projections? A • What are the current estimates for 21st centu ry cli mate change? A 1 Warm u p a Match these key words with the defin itions.

then check with a partner. Ask the pairs to discuss their texts until they can answer all the questions. and write them on the board.Objectives Grammar Topic: climate change Vocabulary climate change Reading extracts from a science book. Then put one pair with another pair. the other half B. Divide the class into pairs of A students and B students. Let students briefly check answers with people in their group. Ask students to read the text in Exercise l b quickly for a general understanding before fill ing in the blanks. Ask students to read and check the questions in Exercise 2 that their text answers. first conditional. t . making a group of four. The best way to do this is to ask students to stand and then find and sit with someone who has read a d iffe rent text.. an Writing Ustening a college seminar wifl. Ask Do you think this is Q serious problem? What factors ore causing global worming? Elicit as many suggestions as you con from students. present perfect F AOs on a Web site F page AQ Write global warming on the board. 0 2 Task A good way of doing this is a pyramid discussion. and give them one more minute to compare answers one fmal time. 1 Warm up Ask students to match words and definitions in Exercise la . The world around us T 108 Unit 10 . Give students one minute to read and nole answers to the questions. 3 Prepare If you haven't done so already. divide the class into groups of four. going 10. Label half the groups A. Then put them in pairs and give them one mar£! minute to compare answers.

Student 4 What ore scientists prediding about this century? ""'Student 2 But is it all bad? Wan" there be any benefits from climate change? Tutor Not many. In re<ent years. I'm ofraid. Tell them to take turns asking and answering the questions in Exercise 2. they estimate on the basis of historical climate chonge ond computer models of the climate system. going fram extreme~ Uoit lO T 109 The world around us . Ask students to look at the phrases. 9. especially if the trend continues.. LeI students compare the notes they make with a partner before going through UlC answers as a class.5 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit. But what exoclly causes this global worming . Answers: 1. pot1iculgt1y in dry megs wh ere there'll be mme rgin Student 3 How do we know about this? I mean. thanks. con you tell us ogain.. Student 1 Con't we stop this? I've heard that planting Irees is a way of solving the prablem. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissioDs. yes. thanks. Put students in pairs. 49'_-------------------------------------------------------------------. which means the countries of lhe developed world hove been mostly responsible for greenhouse gases sa for. let me explain a lillie certain gases ow 1ffi!llale aad trop tbe beat like a barrier Ibot tbe beal con't QeJ lhrouah So Ihe heal is lurned bgd: jnlo tbe gtmosphere and the tempergture rfses Is thgl clear? Student 1 Yes. so lhere'li be mgre floods and droughts Seq levels will rise jn some cOQstgl megs gnd some low-lyiM islgnds mgy be lost completely under the hot to extremely cold.<.lhe signs me worrying gnd we'd be foolish tq iQ nme lhem Tutor The 21st century? They soy there'll be on increase of between 2. Ask the first question then briefly improvise a conversation with the student. Tutor TbO hmnessinQ the power O the tides ond 'Ising it 1 t<. that is huge and very worrying. noting mistakes and prompting students to use the phrases they have studied. increasing the forest meas will help to slow down global worming because plants and trees reduce tbe effe<ts of carbon dioxide. 3. Discuss the answers as a class. Student 2 What I can't understand is why everyone thinks a rise in temperature is bad . f 0 make electricity Understand? Student 2 Yes.is it natural ar human? Tutor The green bouse effect is coused by both natural and human activity. 8 . The climate of the earth has changed many times in the post. Monitor carefull y. Developing countries that don't have the money ta search for alternative sources of fuel will produce more greenhouse gases tban the United States and Europe. 4. Tutor Well. Student 2 I don't understand wove energy. Tutor Good morning. Is that okay? Student 3 Yeah.there's wind energy. and wove energy.it sounds great to mel So whO! are the effeds of climale change? Tutor Well. but some regions like Alaska have seen 0 four-degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature.. Moderate global worming will favor some fmmers. 6 Play the audio again. Ask students to listen and order tho FAQs. 10. let me give you some examples the usg at cm god gircraft filel lactorv emissions gases IISed in freez ing 01[ of th ese add to greenhoUSE Illlses and couse climate change. but the pidure isn't all black. let me put it like this . there are some pretty bad effects. who's responsible for all these emissions and climate change? Tutor GreenbOuse Iloses bove been increasing since the Induslrjal RevoluJjOD two hundred years ago.. what exactly is the greenhouse effect? Tutor Okay. such as effects on the migration of birds sgme species at birds will be forced tq migrale tq different plgces gnd some won'l need 19 mimgle gnymme so it upsets the balance of nature. and I'm sure you're aware of them . 7 Follow up Model the activity brielly with a good sludent.•. 00 ils owo Ibis jsn't enot I~b to stop or even reduce global wmmiM IhouQh we hove to cui down on our production pf greenhouse QQsgs Whallhgr megns is we hgve to stoP using fossil fuels Student 3 Are there any alternatives to cool and oil? Tutor Well. but haw do they know it will continue? How do scientists estimate the rate of climate change? Is it reliable? Tutor Well. •• Answers: Additional information is underlined in the audio script. so there's a lot of disagreement in the scientific world about global worming. using one or Iwo of the phrases from Exercise 6. ineilJde volcanic activity for example. the ice ages. Is it reliable? Well. we don't really know. and discuss their use with a partner. The greenhouse effe<t is the process in which heat can't escape from the earth's atmosphere and which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. A good example of the effects is the balance of woler: water resources wilt increase or decrease. 2. Now. solar power. thars much bener. Student 3 So. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. I think we'd better get on to . Play the audio one more time. The rise in temperature is called global worming. Stop the audio after each question and remind students what numuer they are on. 7. is milch worse. bUl lbesg sources of power need to be developed. 6 Notice . 4 Feedback Briefly discuss the results with the class. Okay. everyone. air temperature increased by about one degree Fahrenheit. Before we talk serious~ about the next block of work do you hove any questions on climate change? Student 1 Yes. Naruml (mise. 5. but the future is likely to be different as we become more aware of the problem. yes. how much climate change has been observed? Tutor In the 20th century. But humgn activiJ:.

Moderate warming will fayor some fanners. There are ways of attempting 1 slow climate change. however. How are these phrases used? Docs each one introduce an example. Climate change is not entirely new: greenhouse gases have been increasing since the Industrial Revolution. . clarify something What that means is . introduce aD example Tell the class how many questions you could answer.. developing countries like India and China will produce more greenhouse gases than the United Stales and Europe. ask and answer the FAQs again. 7 Follow up [n A and 8 pairs. 6 Notice ~ Listen to the seminar again. clarify something Understand? check 011 understanding 8 Let me give you some examples.. and use the phrases from Exercise 6. two hundred years ago. However. Sea levels will ri se in some coastal areas. \. There will.. 5 Compare Listen to a college seminar about climate change. be some benefits. The world around us . such as replanting and increasing the area of the wortd's 0 forests... but on its own this is not enough 10 stop global warming. clarify something..which in turn will cause infectious diseases to spread.. Number the FAQs in the order you hear them . There will be heatwaves and more air pollution.. Ask about any questions you were unable to answer. This time...) Listen again and make notes of any additional infomlation to an swer the questi ons. which is possible but must be done gradually: coal and oil can be replaced over a period of lime by wind energy and solar DOWer.... 1 00. In recent years. or chock 011 understanding? 1 Lei me explain . One way to do this is to cut down on our use of fossil fuels like coal and oil. which of course means that the countries of the developed world so far bear the main responsibility for greenhouse gases..... try to make your answers as full as possible.. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissions. For this to happen... there will be more floods and droughl .4 Feedback . Group B text Climate change will force some species of birds to migrate: water resources will increase or decrease... in the fu ture.. '--.. introduce an example 4 5 6 7 Is that okay? check on understanding Let me put it like this . (The words may be slightly different.. cla rify something 2 Is that clear? check on understanding 3 A good example o r . because plants and trees reduce Ihe effects of carbon dioxide. Some areas will have more water and more synshine. we must cut down on OlIr production of carbon dioxide.

bo1I1 meet you tomorrow.. butter chocolate. c andy. we don't see it as being imposed by the speake(: You ought to IIlV6St more in road-bUilding.. Adverbs of place and time often change too. 1 Wool u like~ neither of these coats? No. should. Caesar said he had com e... argue. .. matches. ought to.. (an objective suggestiorv'recommendation) Should and ought to in the passive are often used for rules: 2 GM food biotechnology contaminate crops feed flood food chain gene genome GM Implant pesticide resistant Find five GM word s to match these definitions . 5 "This is one small step for a man. wine...Xltabie none 01 the books I none of . I saw. admit. they in the examples above. cereal.... neither of the books Choose t he correct quantifier. I have had an idea. He said I should hsten to her." Caesar said . He said I ought to """".. lemonade. announce. e.r 3 (a) little 4 hardy any quantities "...Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of quantifiers Type Inc lusive The past perfect does r"IOt change: I had heard of this place.e." J" Carto n AJI student in class should have a textbook.. that place... and had cOOiluered . ~ She said she was thinking about it. . I conquered.. shaving cream candy peanut butter envelOpes butter sardines detergent oil shampoo cat food More ought to be invested in road-building. lemonade. ointment baked beans. money Vocabulary Summary 1 Containers Tube toothpaste. jam.. tomorrow . paint. and would do not change: You ought to compiete the form .. olives. Mart in Luther King sai d he had a dream. I don'. cookies Add these item s t o th e correc t column... They said they would meet us 2"''''' 3_ 4 ""'" 5 aI ~he) 2 sOgUar COLf1table J singtJar COU"Itabie 4 SirlgLW COlI"lIabie 5 plural coootabIe or the next day. instant coffee.... " Martin Luther KJ-. the suggestiorv'obIigatiOn is ~ive.. . """'" 4 ""'" book 5 an the books I compJete the form. 3 Reported speech In reported speech the verb usually changes tense. envelopes We can use the COlI'ltabie quantifiers with a pltral noun if we add of the: each of the books. many books 2 a lot of books I a lOt of money 3 a great deal! a good deal of money 4 several books 1 some books I some money 2 (a) few books 3 (a) little money 4 hardly any books I 2 a 101 01 medium quantities 3 a great deal! a good deal of 4 several Sm all 2 pllI<II COU'ltabie or uncountable 3 uncountable 4 pural countable 1 plural countable or uncountable 2 plural countable 3 uncountable 4 p/lxal countable pkxal COlJ'llabie Remember that the pronouns in reported speech often change.@) some my friends but only fffW ~f them came to the party. . (the speaker's opinion) B.. Romeo swore that he would love Juliet forever. shaving cream .. Report these st atem ents. I'm thinking about it. I was thinking about it . soda. Bottle '-' 2 Modal verbs + active and passive We often use the paSSiVe after modal verbs: beer. ~~ ." Columbus claimed he .ral COLf1table or two-thirds of Negative q uantities ' ''' 2 rl9Ither 3 rona Of the money no book I no books I ro money """""- 2 sngJIar countable 2_ 3 3 pItxaI countable or lI'lCOI. peanu t bu tt er milk. yogurt. She said she had been thinking about/to Unit lO The world around us .g. this place . Bo. 1 a chemical used to kill insects pesticide 2 harm a substance by passing or spread ing chemicals to it contami nate 3 give food to feed 4 the complete set of genes in a living thing genome 5 put something into a person. potatoes. mineral water. Columbus daimed he had discovered a new land.. had seen.. or a plant implant Cars should not be parked on the sidewalk. tOOls.. sardines. orange juice. Neil Armstron g said this was one small step fOT a man . e . However. like 'ther each 0 hem. claim. animal. JUliet!" Romeo swore . oil .uncoco_ 1 "I have discovered a new land.to'" Large or . e. predict. ca l food honey. The most common reporting verbs are say and Ieli. 3 I invitee. They said they could find it.g.. 3 each book The modaJ verbs.. Ihe next day. ... She said she had heard of that pIaco. Precise 1 half (o~ quantities 2 a quarter I or UI'lCOlI'ltabie 1 si1guIar/pk. and moves one step back Into the past: I have an idea. home 2 (a) fev.. s hampoo . d etergent Seat belts should be worn at all times. You should listen to her. many . . it is better to use a variety of verbs when reporting speech. chips. k:e cream. 4 "I have a dream. both of the books. i.g.g said . We will ... ~ She said she had an idea. 4 She doesn't ha~ a little friends in her town. . hardy any money 1 half (oQ the books 2 a quarter of the 1 2 "I came. VoJhen we make suggestions or express obligations using the passive. 3 "I'll lOve you forever.. ~ She said she had had an idea.. I ~ she and we . Some modal verbs change in reported speech: Quantifiers Followed by noun 1 plural COLf1table Examples 1 both books 2 either book We can find it . 2 E c.." Neil Armstrong said . .

rtanl !:c 'wrJe '" """""". The paragraph should be no more than 120 words long. go back to the essay in Exercise 1 and edil it. Look at the stages below. and structure. Student 8: Look at the spelling. I<l<l REVIEW Review your action plan: wonting with written grammar In pairs. discuss what you find difficult abOut writing in English. the grammar the spelling the content the structure punctuation Student A: Look at the grammar and the content. Explain the grammar you looked at. brainstorm and note ideas for this parag raph. A. . Use the stages in Exercise 2 to help you. In groups. (Do not worry about the errors in the 0<:: :::) [ngt. You w ill need to look at all 01 these features very carefu lly. Reorder them according to the most efficient way of writing an essay. Rewrite the text and produce your final essay. Note: you will need to show a classmate the final version of your paragraph and your drafts at the end of Unit 11 . lEI f ~ g Brainstorm ideas that are relevant to the question.!: ~ ~ z - C) Editing your work 1 Thinking about writing a Make a list of all the different types of things you have written in English. correct ing all the errors you found.) d Is this student's experience of writing in English the same as yours? If not. The world around us UnitlO . 2 Exploring the stages involved in writing an essay There are a number of recommended stages in writing a formal essay. c Exchange your revised essay with another pair of students. how is it different? e In groups. III a III b iii c III d IKI e Organize your ideas into a structure with a beginning. Read their version of the essay and improve it if you can .. how you worked out the ru les and meaning.. d Exchange your work w ith a partner.can you improve each other's methods? CompeO/ltg a fYa'rnmtLy ~ 'W~ng a ~ m an b Compare your list with a partner.!lIuYug!. organize the ideas that your g roup thought of. look at the notes on g rammar that you made at the end of Unit 9. and punctuation carefully. 3 Editing a text a In pairs. rewrite the essay. Proofread your final essay. They are in the wrong order.6er GLOSSARY draft {of a lext] unfinished stage in developing writing proofread read something to find and mark errors for correction b In pairs.. write the last paragraph of an essay about reading in English. Read the essay litle or question carefu lly and decide why you are writing it and who you are writing it for.sh eMm o >o --' LU > LU o CL text. Compare ways of record ing . c Read the text written by a person studying EngliSh. Ji><1 '" alt. Write your first d raft from the beginning to the end.Oi!l:. c When you are ready. The paragraph begins: Although reading in English can be very difficult. Ii. a middle. l'/"r"J:mg on [~ can hJy Ie 'W!¥)f a n1l..m. 4 Applying the stages a The student who wrote the essay in Exercise 1 did not finish the last paragraph. spelling. and an end. Give it a title. The first sentence is: b Together. Gan they improve your wriling? ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: editing your work Using the recommended stages in Exercise 2. . and show your partner how you recorded it.. write the paragraph individually. checking grammar. Conclude the essay in one or two sentences. punctuation. dd-fl. First of all. it is important to read for a number of reasons. Keep all your d raft texts as well as your final version. Ust a number of reasons to support the argument.. Revise your first draft and check for structure and content. is ~?np.

Despite the number of similar shows now produced. The young would·be stars in recent episodes have been competing to see who is going to represent the U. and it shows some promise.de.is as fascinating as ever and still claims a 10 prime· time slot in the evening. ThiS was the first modern *** Very interesting. The concept .5 A d III groups. training to do concerts. very entertaining. so everyone wanls to see them. K 2 People talk about them. P 3 People like scandal and watch in case anyt hing happens! M 4 People get involved in the shows. K 1 Rea lity T V shows arc something new. Below are some reasons for the popu larity of reali ty TV shows.of 1 .I Read tho reviews of four reality TV shows. showing for more than ten ** OK for a couple 0 years. y :4 Would you ever take part in one of these shows? Why? I Why not? 20 3 Liste n i ng skilis ~ It Two spoiled young rich girls leave their posh Beverly Hills homes to go and live in a small town in Arkansas. and the winners have become national superstars with their albums. This is hugely popular. * the channel. Quite frankly. if there's 5 of young people locked up in nothing better or a house together for several A big yawn. what is the fascination of re~ lit y TV? ~~y w~ether you agree or disagree With Ih e oplll lOns III Exercise 3b.a group episodes. M (Myriam) or p. More than one person may give the same reason. Reality TV on your screens this week Adrian Soloman reviews the current reality TV shows. c Figure out tho meaning of the followin" words and oxpressions from the context. Choose the rating you think the reviewer gave each show.Ieollie are watching in the evening 2 gnppl~lg sluff (line 13) exciting SUbjllcl 3 cast (lllIe 21) people appearing in the s how 4 switch to (line 22) change channels 5 sett ing (line 32) placellocation 6 would-be slars (line 38) people who wan I 10 be fam ous 1 B* *" **** Excellent . excitement prom ise {nl (here] potential to do well 40 A group of unknown musicians spend all their time in an academy. M. " 1 primo-timo slot (line 10) a time in when il lot .S. Chan¥ weeks and filmed for 24 hours a day . c In yo ur opi nion . Match each rev iew with one orthe pictures. 1 1 What kind arTV shows do you think they come from? Z \o~h at makes people wanl to appear in this kllld of show? Z Readin g skills . Unit 11 Medio . this show hasn't managed to generate much excitement in spite of the good-looking cast and the provocative theme. P 5 These shows give people a kind of power over olher peop le's lives. They like gossip. in the Pan -American Song Contest."'-' miss it. GLOSSARY p rov~calive 25 30 C** Another one In the theme of "put a group of young people together and see what happens". 4 P **· 35 causing comment.1 Speaking skills Look at the pictures and answer the questions. Can the participants survive on what they find on the island? What will they eat? This hasn't been running as long as the other shows. but the action takes place on a beautiful Pacific island . h Road tho reviews again. Switch to the big movie on ChannelS instead. Gripping stuff! 2 1. Who gives these reaso ns? Write K (Kate). 1 Which of the shows sounds the most interesting as a TV show? Z Which reality shows have you seen'" \Vh did you watch them? . but the beautiful setting is not enough to stop boredom taking over after a while. (psyc hologist). P G People are nosy. anger. Which of the shows in the pictures are mentioned? ~ b Listen again. There they have to cope with living on a farm and working in a fast-food resturant . none has beaten the original idea. 3 Listen to a phone-in program. discuss these questions. reality show and it has been worth watching.

The audiascript for Track 50 is on page nl3 :ill Media T 112 Unil ll . quiz show. Lei stude nts check their an swers in pairs before discu ssing them as a class. drama series.rs to discuss the questions in Exercise 1 briefly. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise 3c. •• 2 Reading skills Allow four min utes for students to do Exercise 2a. Guessing meaning from context 3 Listening skills Play the audio fo r Exercise 3a. soap opera. Ask Whal pon of speech is if? Answer: compound adieclive and noun. Do the first one as on example. Answers: Big Broth er (8). American Idol (0) In Exercise 3b . talk show. Elicit as many different types of programs as you con from students. ask studen ts to listen to the audio again and put the correct letter next to each reason. Ask studen ts to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d in groups of four or fi ve and then have a brief class discussion . want to test themselves in difficult circumstances. realily TV. want to have a career in the media. Ask students to find prime-time slot in the text ond underline il. breakfast TV Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Put students in pai. Let students work in pairs to discuss words and expressions in Exercise 2c. Ask What clues in the sentence help you figure oul/he meaning? Answer: In Ihe evening tells students that a prime-time slot must be a ·slor in the evening lV schedule.Objectives Grammar present perfect progressive Topic: reality TV Reading a TV program review Writing Ustening Speaking discussing TV a review of Q TV show a radio phone-in programs Write TV programs in the middle of the board. want to win a lot of money. Allow them to check their answers to Exercise 2b in pairs. •• Show students how to guess what the words mean by looking at context. Ask students to listen an d say which shows are mentioned . Answers: Reality TV programs. Then have them share answers with the whole class. sitcom. lifestyle program. and write them on the board. documentary. Ask How often do you walch TV? Who! kind of programs do you walch? What kind of programs do you never watch? TV programs: news and current affairs. People want to be fa mous.

Encourage pairs to comment on each other's work.. good morning to you. Neil. They've mode a lot of those shows in the lost lev. Host Why do you think thot is. as your previous coller said. where English would use the present perfect: l /We in Buenos Aires since 1995. Kate. you know. good morning and welcome 10 the show. Unit 11 T 113 Media . Ask them to tell you which form is being used in each example. we've also been wotching a show obout young artists. The olher big hH is "Operoci6n T n'unfd" . Now. perhaps. Weinberg And there's one more factor.. Point out that the easiest way to organize the review is to organize it under the headings in exercise Sa . people get incredibly invotved in them. Kate . Myriom. The program where they voted on the first series was probably the most watched program eNer _ and mode front-page nOW'S on every nOW'Spaper. Kate. Host Yeah. When they are ready. over several months _ it's been massive in Spain. How do you explain the enormous popularity of rea lity 1V? Weinberg Well. Now. remind students to read the Language Note. _ periect~ The present perfect progressive (have + been + -ing. I just got bock. Another common error is using the present perfect progressive fo r a finished event in the recen t post with a time reference: I J. the main reason was the nove~ value .. Myriom That's been running for years now. a bn like our American Idol .and this. like. In lad. then trained. I've been living in Spain. one day. Kate Good morning. wotching them! Host Even though those lives are.. I think we humans ore fascinated by prying into other people's lives. Then try to pair enthusiastic reality TV fons with a partner who. Myriom . Kate? Kate I think irs. Host RighI. yes. It's coiled The Academy. on the line I have Myriom Sanchez from Mexico.. Lead in briefly by eliciting names of popular reality TV programs that have been shown recently or are on currently. Thank you. the present participlel is different from the present perfecl simple in that it emphasizes duration and unfinished activity Common problems ond errot'$ Students may use a simple presen t tense to refer to something that started in the past and tha t continues up to now.' years. I also think people liKe the power that voting gives them. at some point. you know who! I mean? Host Yes.. even the mosl serious. I think there are several reasons. they kind 01 control people's lives. Professor Weinberg.. we also like to control other people and hove some influence on their lives. on the solo. so why don't you give us a call and give us your toke on reality 1V? Now lers go to our first coller. This morning we wont to know who! you think. I gather we have a psychologist on the line.W'ho is staying on the show or who has been voted oft. Quick grammar guide. Irs sod but true. in Spain 01 least. as well. Of. we've been watching reality TV since the earty days of Condid Comero in the 1940s. like in Big Bro/her . Host Thanks very much. I see.and also because everyone's been talking about it. thars really interesting. course. Myriom Hi. have you been wotching all these real ity shows? Kate Wel l. MVOOm Well. chosen. Host Why do you think these reality 1V shows ore so popular? Myriom Well. who is in the States doing her Masters Degree. Before leaving the topi c . is also what the program makers hope.~--------------------------~ for Exercise 3 on Page 112 " Host Welcome back to liveline. OIer there "Gran Hermono: you know. some juicy gossip might come out. so lers ask her the some question. then ask students in pairs to match forms to rules. Big Brother. and rea~ty TV in particular. ever since the arrival of Big Bro/heron Dutch 1V. Ask each pair to follow the steps in Exercise sb to write their review. Host Right. But you know whars really popular in Mexico? Irs that kind of discussion and debate show. welcome to the show. Find out which students a re "hooked" on these shows. attemative ~. so everyone wants to see it. this is what often attracts people to shows like Blind Trusl . Today we're talking aboUllY. thars it _ people who wont to be pop stars are auditioned. Host Whot about reality 1V shows in Mexico? Are they popular? Host You mean we love to be nosy? Weinberg RighI. We love to watch others go about their doily lives while we're sitting there. so it really has spread around the world. Kate. of course. some of them. And of (ourse we hod Big Brother. wos incredibly popular. knows little about them. or something might happen in the bedroomsadly. You see. like Cristina-those are the most popular ones. it wos something nfNI . in a game? Weinberg You mean like in Big Brolhet1Yes. Ask students to ch oos e the best forms in Exercise 4d. of course. Host Now. but in the rest of the world Reality TV has become a big thing in recent years..fJ"e eeeR we(~Rf/ lote losl week. because the people in it still go about their lives. Kate . ask pairs to swap r eviews. Host Ah.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive Have students read the examples in Exercise 4a. and which are not that interested. Here in the USA. _on 5 Writing skills Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise Sa . and they forget aboutlhe cameros.. The viewer hopes that maybe..

c This focuses on a completed action with a result in the present.'.". c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 120....4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive a Look at these examples from the reviews and the phone-in. (l'wo of the examples match one explanation. the w inners have become national 1 I've learned ~ 'I'e been leu min panish for five years but I"m s I no vm' ood! 2 [ 'm not feeling well rve been coughing I've coughed all day. really has spread around the world. d This focuses on the number of times the action has been done. Media Unit 11 .. 3 I've been living in Spain. We use the present perfect simple to express repeated actions and completed actions. Do you know the show thai they wrote about? Do you agree with their review? LANGUAGE NOTE It is possible with some verbs to use both the present perfect simple or progressive: I've lived here / I've been living here for len years. 5 They've made a lot of those shows in the last few years.:"rrr~::re: Peace. then check it and edit it. b Use your answers to write simple or progressive in the rules . 'o.. m on 5 5 Wri ting skills a In pairs. a This focuses on an action that is completed. Sam has worked I has been working for me since I star/ed the company. negative.. answer the following questions about a reality TV show you both know. 1 Look at the reviews in Exercise 2. 4 Write your review together. 2 . 1 What is the aim of the show? 2 Where does it take place'? 3 What kind of people take part? (the public? celebrities?) 4 How do they spend their time? I What do they have to do? 5 What is the public opinion of the show? 6 What is your opinion of the show? b Follow these steps to write a brief review of the show with your partner. 2 Decide how to organize your review: which information comes first I at the end? 3 Is your review going to be positive. Match the examples with the explanations below. 3 ['ve been seeing € e seli!YBig Brolher only four ·mes. We usually do this with verbs that express actions tha t continue over quite a long time. c Swap your review with another pair.. 4 superstars . 4 Big Brother . b This focuses on the continuation and I or the du ration of the action. d Choose the best form of the verb in the following sentences. It's very popular. Make notes of any other information that you might wan I to include. We use the present perfect progressive to focus on the continuation or the duration of an activity. or balanced? Think of a few suitable ad jectives to describe the show..) 1 It has been showing for more than ten years.

.. he has video games cause violent 20 carried out exper iments behavior: 57% of Americans with 240 people aged six to questioned thought there 29 .. 3. sports? 2 Listening skills @ a ~a lch the tilles with the types of games the box. 1 Speaki ng skills L~ok at the video games on this page.. Findings from a recent time playing video games research project in Japan and get them to go out and suggest that tOO much time play with their friends playing video games can instead..S. e. 5 make you less creative. 'l1... permanent . become more irritable and schools. I 1 2 • magic lorror sports heroic action In ~ b The game designer is asked "What is it that makes these video games so popular?" What do you think? Listen to Part 2 and see if the expert agrees with you.... yo u .. dlscus~ the queslion and check the possible e ffects that Video games might have. video games over a long doesn 't think that violent period of time. 1 How do you p lay these games? What do you have to do to win? 2 I-low many different kinds of video games can yo u th ink of. Video games: bad for your health? GLOSSARY nltentlon Silan the amount of time a person can focus on something without thinking about something else nttrihute (vh) believe something is responsibJu for A situation or event Unil l1 Media . movement and eyesight but 25 very little thinking..e damage can be the process of suing games ... Video games can make the p layers: more irritable IiJ more violent more depressed 0 more lonely less crealive less sociable less intell igent 0 Jess confi dent fiJ i IE' b Read the newspaper article quickl y and check your answers to Exercise 3a. they should '--'( persuade them to spend less 30 ...-/ parents want their kids to have imagination and confidence.. Parents of high!O find it difficult to make school murder victims are in ~ friends. cause and motivation for the "killings to some of the 45 15 Professor Akio Mori has been conducting research violent games. Professor Mori's research People who play video comes at a time when video games tend to have shorter games have been blamed for attention spans. But the into the effects of playing general public in the U. video game they use IV or video game violence.... The next question is "What kind of people do video games attract?" What do you think? Liston to Pari 3 and see if the expert's opinion is the same as yours.3 Readi ng skills a D0.... DIscuss the questions. they causing violence in U.th ink video games can be harmful? In pairs.and discovered that was no connection between when someone is playing a violence in high schools and .... .if you StOp companies for $130 million playing video games. you because they attribute the don't necessarily get better..S. Then listen to a video game designer talking about the games and check yo ur answers... If "-.g.. combat..

Elicit suggestions to the board.from as young as six till they become young adults.you can lind plenty of adults playing. with the class check the meaning and pron unciation of the adjectives . Ask them to check the boxes to show their opinion. futuristi c •• 2 Listening skills Put students in pairs to match titles to games. from six to sixty. horror. they have an active role. Answers: the graphics are incredibly attractive and real I realistic entertainment I simple to play I they have the dynamism of movies. 52 and 53 are 00 page T261 ::. 'irritable = a bll bad-tempered and angry de'pressed ::: feeling unhappy cre'ative 'confident t Pronunciation ond 'violent 'lonely = having no friends 'sociable in'telligent meaning Ask students to read the articlc and check their answers in Exercise J b. Ask students to listen and check thcir answers. Aft erwards. but you can play them at home I they have the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books . Play the audio for Exercise 2a.Objectives Grammar Topic: video games Vocabulary collocotions with video Pronunciation expressing incomplete information Reading Ustening noun clauses using relative clouses a magazine article a radio interview Ask a few general questions to set the scene and help students relate to the topic: Who plays video games? How ollen do you ploy? Woors your favorite game? Who has never played video games? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking ski lls Discuss the question in Exercise 1 as fI class. Then play the audio so that students can find out whether they predicted correctly. 3 Reading skills Put students in pairs to discuss the question in Exercise Ja . Do the same for Exercise 2c. so they attract all ages.5i\ "" ~ Answers: young guys .the usc of color is fa ntastic I they involve the players in imagi native ways I in video games viewers take part. magic. fantasy. Remind them to check the Glossary. Media T 114 Unilll . Suggested answers: combat. too.. The oudioscripls for Tracks 51. sports. But they appeal to all ages . thcn play the audio. Elicit different kinds ofvidco games and write thorn on the board . heroic action. Havo a briof class discussion about the question in Exercise 2b. .

Monitor and insist on good intonation patterns. and anolher the second half. as needed. the speaker's voice falls to show Uwt the statement is finished.. put students in pairs to work through the exercises . Write tho structure on the board: Something (tllat) + relative clouse + is/ore +compJement Th e thing (thot). Monitor. paint Qui the structure that all theso noun clauses follow. Then compare answe rs as a class. Ask students to listen and mark the rise and/or fa ll on sentonces 1 and 2. Play the audio for Exercise 5b. Unilll T 115 Media . they are used for emphasis. With the class. then put them in groups of four or five to share their ideas. Model the fi rsi half of each sentence in exercise 4b. I\? 1 Something that really a nracls people to videa games is lhe graphics. model the activity with a good stude nt. and so on. the speaker's voice is still rising because the statement is incomp lete. I? Quick pronundation guide - alternative A useful way to set sludents up for exercise 5d is to start with a whole-closs drill. 6 Vocabulary: collocations with video Lead in Write video on the board. etc. Give studonts a min ute or two to think about what they can say ahout the subjects in Exercise 5e. Ask students to work in pairs to complete the statements in Exercise 4b with their own ideas. For Exercise 5d . In Exercise 6a . 2 The thing I really like about them . and then check their answers with a partner. 2 The thing I really ~ke about them is the dynamism.. Let students chuc k their an swers in pa irs before going through the answers as a class. Answers: In Sa.. Ask a few volunteers to read their best sentences to the class. Also point out the Language Note. Then nominate an individual to soya first half.. starting high. then get the student to complete the statement with falling intonation. tI Jl 5 Pronunciation: incomplete information Play the audio for Exercise Sa. discuss the qu estions in Exercise 5c . The secret 10 gelling students to imitate a good inlOflalion pallern for Ihese sari of noun clauses is 10 get them to try 10 start with their intonation quite high. around the class. This way you provide same whole-class practice before doing pair work. When checking answers with the class. Say the first part of the first sentence. They are besllaughl and learned as fixed expressions. ask a few students to read their sentences from Exercise 6c aloud with the class. Ask studen ts in pairs to take turns starting and completing sen tences. ~ 1 Something that reatly onrecls people 1 0 video games . In sb. Qukk grammar guide Noun clauses often contain a noun phrase and are followed by a complement When placed 01 the slart of sentences. At the end.Go through the example carefully so that students are clear about what they need to do in Exen:. Te ll students that they h ave to remember what the people said on the recordings. help with ideas. Ask students to analyze the intonation. with a rising intonation. Monitor and help. Ask students how many words they can think of that collocate with video. and correct as needed. nominating different students to complete each sentence with their own ideas. then get them to make it go higher and higher leven if it sounds funny!] and then lei it drop suddenly from the word is or ore !like a deflated balloon1. 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) Ask studonts to match the sentence halves in Exercise 4a .ise 3c.

but split the sentences.".. A Something that really annoys me about TV .. 4 The thing(s) I really like about movies . S One thing that"s good about DVDs .I . Then discuss them with a partner. (line 37) 5 The parents were right to ~ tlie video company /8 88111'/' (line 41) motival~OQ for 6 I really can 'I understand the 1 t. [ 71 1 8 . 1 Something that really attracts people to video games ?! 2 The thing I really like about them ?! Now listen to the complete sentences." 4 I'd like to have . 1 lawn. as in the example.c Replace the italic words and expressions in the sentences below with words or phrases from the lex\.. Media Unit 11 ... Researc h 2 ffl\ BfJligBIiBl1fJ into video games and violence have not proven a connection._ _ _ __ _"!( c the way lhey're all so male orientated. tJifdlt:Y hcftilld such mindless acts of violence... 1 Something that really annoys me about these games is . .... (line 44) sue (suing) 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) '---a Complete the sta tements from the listening with the endings on the right. b Complete these statements with your own words. 3 I've never used.. LANGUAGE NOTE We can reverse the order of the subject (the thing . compare your sentences fro m Exercise 4b. playing video games watching videos watching DVDs going to the movies surfing the Internet 6 Vocabulary: collocati ons w ith video a All the following words can follow video to form a collocation./J . 1 Video games arc uSllolly more popular with boys than girls. !i{ i'l p ..1 1 e In groups. d the graphics.. Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games is the g raphics.ur ~bi/iW Iii' gp Ih. 2 Something that really attracts people to video games is . P8SfJ9RfJi&!B for the increase in violence in Ollr society. . (line 16) confidence 3 It is true that too many video games make you lose )'!. 3 The thing I really like about them is . 1::::.. ~ 2 The thing I really like ahout them is the dynamism . 4 The things that may make them attractive to guys are . Which two? camera cassette cassette record conferendng game arcade phone ~ tape theater b Check tho collocations then answer the ques tions. 5 Pro nunciati on : in com p lete inform ati on Listen to the firs t part of two sentences from Exercise 4a. Make any other changes necessary.. a the dynamism. Which of the items in Exercise 6a would you use if you wanted: • to speak to someone and look at them at the same time'? Video phone • to make a film of your birthday party? Video camera • to take part in a discussion with colleagues in other cities or countries? Video conferencing • to go somewhere to play games? Video arcade c Complete theso sentences with a collocation from Exercise 6a so that they are true for you.. except two.IW ~ " r. 6 Something that really irritates me about reality shows . and why.. find out whal your classmates like about these activities.. (line 29) blame TV 4 People Il~i{lk TV if. [line 7) 'Y1lieo gameS tend to ie mJJYe p:JpUiay ""d:h IxryS than fflls. ~ c Has the speaker finished in Exercise Sa? In Exercise 5b? What indicates this? d [n pairs..... Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::.I'l8' .I .. 2 The thing(s) I don't like about video games 3 Something thai really annoys me about TV . is all the commercials.. b the action and the violence. 2 I often use. Use the correct intonation .. ) and the complement (the dynamism): The dynamism is the thing 1 really like about them. 1 Something thaI really attracts me to video games .

!!. which might even result in fewer divorces! TV facts Television is probably the most powerful medium of communication ever invented.TV or no TV? 1 Speaking ski ll s In pairs. 1 How do your viewing habits (discussed in Exercise 1) compare with the article? 2 Do you find any of the facts worrying? Which onels)? 3 Are the facts in the article typical of the situation in your coun try? 4 Did TV affect your childhood relationships? If so. It is widely believed that if we didn't ""have lV. and 13% has one in the kitchen. the more lV we watch.. On average. whether somebody is watching it or not. although the than three meters can day on which people watch cause stress. Which one? football or Soccer games. It appears that when we watch lV. c TV may be a good thing for some people. look at Part 1 of an article below and try to complete it. we use does not watch TV. how? (colloquial) read less. most people spend on only 10% of our brain average 3. it is on all the time. Only GLOSSARY dumb u a stupid person Unilll Media . then read Part 2 and compare your ideas with the next part of the article. In and sleeplessness. you will does the mother decide which channel to watch Finally.:_t4. In 21 % it is 6 the chil dren . discuss thl::se questions 1ri. 5 the fa ther report.S. In which room(s) do you have a TVt Do you have the TV turned on 2 Reading skills a In pairs. look at the information in the article and answer the questions. 8 ~ % of th~ d All the questions from Exercise 1 are d iscussed in the most popular shows on TV first part of the article except one. The 22% of homes. most homes in the U. Part 2 Then check with your teacher. also suggests that if you Only in 7---.4%). and that watching lV at a distance of less TV every day.. Part 1 Does TV turn us into dumbos? A report just published says people who watch a lot of lV may be damaging 4 . In two out of three homes with a TV (61.JL% of cases watch a lot of lV.>. ~ave 1 2 televisions In the house. lV viewers.you 've guessed itthe second part.S.L % of the population their brains. It is certainly the most popular and most widespread.000 U. headaches. we would talk to each other more.4 hours watching power. Many adults don't even discuss which show to watch: they just get another lV and put it in another room. the most TV is Sunday._ about your TV viewing habits. but it causes problems. Statistics tell us that in most countries 60% of the population h TV 'In the 2 li viD!! roomas a I 30% has one in the 3 bedroom . based on a survey ~ecjdes what to watch and of 1. b Compare your answers with another pair. in fact. The same applies to talking to each other. e In groups. List some disadvantages of TV. the less we talk to each other. too. which is discussed in are .

so I went to my doctor. If students need more help you could write some of the answers 011 the board as they do the exercise. rt you hod to go to another room to switch Ihe TV on. I'm not stressed out any more. people ea/ TV dinners). give a couple of examples to get students started. you know. Elicit answers fro m the class and note a few good ideas on the board. Now I feel much better. Afterwards. find out whiGh students watch the most TV. The articles present a pretty negative view of TV. its relaxing to walch TV after a hard day. not at all.. I would never have discovered the pleasures of reading.addiction 1 the TV.Objectives Grammar Topic: watching TV Vocabulary television genres Reading Ustening a radio phone-in Speaking conditionals extrocts from magazines discussing TV viewing habits. ask for lots of guesses before revealing the actual answers. Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise Ze. and on Sundays. I think a very importanlthing is not to have the TV in Ihe living room . I'd be able to do more with my life. Ask. have mare friends. find another iob." I gave the TV away and my life changed . I listen to music a lot more . and after a while I got hooked on TV junk shows. Host I see. If I ever get a TV again. but then I lost my iob four years ago. When you elici t answers from students in Exercise 2b. you'd watch less TV. we're going to talk to Maureen. For Exercise 3 on page 117 !II Host We've talked about addiction a lot before.I've found a new job. I used to juSI watch TV now and again in the evenings. I thought. what's your advice to people who want to cut down on TV? Maureen Well. and he said that if I watched less TV. well. Ask if any thing surprises students. But most important is to control the TV. learn where the ·off" switch is. First. 56'~---------------------------------------------------------.quite a bit. [f necessary. and I couldn't do that. but you have to be able to control what you watch. Host So you decided 10 do something aboul it? Maureen Yes.. after a year or so I reali zed that il wasn't healthy. Ask some pairs or groups to present their ideas to the closs. don't let il control you. students in pairs or small groups to make a list of advantages of television. I've done so much since I gal rid of the television . is.it gave me more time. and if I hadn't stopped watching TV. and use il! Media T 116 Unit 11 . I'd have less time to do things. I iust used to lie on the sofa all day doing nothing. same programs are very educational. the more irritated I felt. I won't let it toke control of me. For Exercise Zc. met people. like most people. Host How did your life change exactly? You stopped watching TV? Maureen Exactly . help students to make guesses al the first answer. Maureen. 'That's it. And how about your health? Maureen Well. If I hod all these digital channels to choose from now. is Another good thing about . Maureen. (For example. If I still had a TV. For example. So. Note that only question 6 from Exercise 1 is discussed in part 2 of the article. explain that the answers rely on students' own general knowledge and guesswork. Useful language: Additionaloctivtty An advantage of " is . who used to be addicted to the TV but who is now one of the four per cent 0 of people who have chosen to live without TV. but today we're going 10 talk about a different kind of addiclion . I'm so embarrassed to think about it now..put it in another room. what was so bad that it made you give up television completely? Maureen Well. So. I used to feelli red and irritable all the lime. without revealing which blan k they go in. Host So you think that TV is all bad? Maureen No. •• 2 Reading skills For Exercise 2a. I think I'd go crazy. I watched daytime TV. people don'//alk. and I was at home all day. One of the best things about . There's some very good stuff on TV. No more TV. Host So. planning a TV schedule 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 1. The more surfing through channels I did.

T he other p icture is of Fid el Castro being interviewed. has a bette r life. Let studen ts complete Exer cise 4a indi vidually. Ask students to sit down with their partner. I would hove said hello. Model the activity in Exercise 4c by eliciting or providing two or three possible sentences. Divido students into groups of four or five to do Exercise 5h . If I weflo!g 1:Je'¥~ seen you. of 8 name for their channel. I will be happy. ask them to show their schedu le to two or three other pairs in the class and talk about it with them. It looks like a talk show.. Quick grammar guide: condmonals Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Photocopy enough copies for everyone in the closs. improbable or impossiblel. IUncle Bob speokingJ II is. Additional activity Find and photocopy a page from on English-language lV listings page. where the condition is possible. I'd cullaxes. 50 . 4 Grammar review: conditionals Read through the example carefully as a class so that students are clear about the task. Ask students to scan the lV page and find examples of the different types of program listed in exercise Sa . thon chock in pairs. Common probtems and enors Students get the form wrong. Now sho has more friends . but cou ld also be no ws or curront affairs. You will need to monitor the "pair-choosing" carefull y. •• . where the condition is unreallLe. IPresidential candidate speokingl If I were Presidenl. They often try to express the ideo of the subjunctive In the conditional clouse by using will or would. Note: hooked on = obsessed with @ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Let them c heck in pairs before discussing them as a class.•• 3 Listening skills Give students a minute to briefly d iscuss the statements in Exerc ise 3a in pairs.. and then elicit answers from the class. t . and the second conditional. however. In terms of use. Monitor and encourage st udents to speak. 5 Vocabu lary: television Read th rough the words in the list in Exercise students to match the words to the pictures. Put students ill pairs to share their ideas. The n ask them to stand up and find another student in the class w ho has chosen the same channel. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exerc ise 4b.. When eliciting answers from the class. For example: If I become Presidenl. 1'1/ reduce laxes. students need to differentiate between the first conditional. 6 Speaking ski lls Ask students to decide what kind of channel from the list they wou ld like to design programs for. Choose one which lists the title of the program and describes its content. Answers: 1 and 2 were true of Mauree n in the past. Then ask Answers: The top p icture is of the American sitcom Friends.. Give them 10 minutes to p lan and write out their TV schedu le on a sheet of paper. then check answers in pairs. When students h ave finished. In terms of form that students make most errors. and reads more (3 and 4). ask a few individuals to tell you their best sentences. Ask students to liston and comp lete the task. modeling stress and pronunciation. Have students briefly share answers in the class and find out who wrote the best schedule . The audioscripl for Track 56 is on page n16 It Unitll T 117 Media . Then give students three or four minutes to thjnk up and w ri telheir own sentences. and aile or two pairs may have to compromise. Ask them to think. If I will-win. Ask students to complete the statements.

caters for people aged 16-35. tends toward common interests such as sports and musi c b Plan a rriday evening's TV schedule. discuss whether these statements are true of anyone yOll know.. possible 2 If we didn't have TV. focus on education and information Channel 3: public service channel.m. 2 They often lie on the sofa all day doing nothing but watching TV. Then discuss them in pairs. Which of the statements were true of Maureen in the past? Wh ich are true now? Listen again and complete Maureen's statements. unreal 3 If I had a TV. he will become isolated. present.k Pops teen. . less TV. Top of c Compare your schedule with other pairs. to choose from 5 If [ ever gel a TV again. think of the most popular eXflmple in your country of each category of TV sbow. 5 [wou ld have gone oul with you last night if they badn'l shown (not showl Big Brother! c Make conditional sentences lLsing these phrases. 3 If the chann els showed (show) more documentaries. unreal 5 I'll watch more TV if I get digital channels. Media Unit 11 . 4 If they sold the TV. present . 4 If your child continues (continue) to watch too much TV.I didn't M--ve a TV m the fed.3 Listening skills a Some people are really "hooked" on TV. If you sit close to the TV. yo u are going to design TV programming for an evening for one channel. possible b Now complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. 4 0 """'''1.. . future. they'd have more friends and a better life. we would talk to each other more.age ?> ut£<C f'YO:J'"am. to 1 :30a.:OD-7:00 /.. Channel 1: commercial channel. Note the program type and an example of the show for each time slot. you would suffer (suffer) deprivation symptoms.m. 1 If you stopped watching TV. different programs Channel 4: commercial channel.. p:mUe) 1 If you watch a lot of TV.I'd 'ltaf. I'd have less lime!o do mo re. he said that if [watched less TV. from 6:00p. caters for people over 30. 1 They"re hooked on TV junk shows. caters for all ages. Choose the best schedule for the class. focus on entertainment Channel 2: public service channel. I.If . future .:rwm. have a TV in the bedroom appear on TV be addkted to (show name) waste time watching TV . 3 If they watched less TV. 3 If [ hadn't stopped watching TV. (/uluJ<e. hie 2 If [ still had a TV. I wou ld have read (read) more books. Choose from one of these channels. lalk show currenl affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show b [n groups. I won't let iltake control of me. Listen to Maureen talking about her TV viewing habits. or future. past . eg. unreal 4 I'd have gone out more if I hadn't had a TV. I'd be . and possible or unreal by them. 2 If I hadn 't watched so much TV as a child. 6 Speaking skills a In pairs. you will read less. caters for all ages. likes to broadcast new. they'd read more. 5 They surfchaflncls a lot while they're watching TV. you may damage your eyes. I would watch more TV.ch {. 1 . I would watch it every night. prese/lt. 4 Grammar review: conditionals a Read these conditional sentences and write post. 5 Vocabul ary: television a Look at the two pictures on this page and find the kinds of shows they represent from the list helow.. [n pairs.

) 2 Any person who is in the public eye has to expect media interest. business people. editorials. 3 Prepare In groups.. 4 Famous people are usually secretly pleased that newspapers write about them . 2 How many are tabloids/broadsheets? 3 Whal sect ions can probably be found in each of them? 4 Who is the main audience for each one? (young people. in pairs. crime reports. conservat ives.it shows that they are still important. etc. liberals. 1 Newspapers have a duty to publish anything they think is in the public interest. 1 How many major newspapers are there in your country? . 1 Was il a tabloid or broadsheet newspaper? 2 What was the lead story about? Report the main points 10 your partner. social events. Then. 5 Any kind of spying on famous people by newspaper reporters should be banned. sports . You may use the points in Exercise 2b and rewrite them so they reflect your opinion. even if it reveals private information abo ut people. the classifieds. decide on four "golden rules" of conduct for journalists. )ocalnews. or think of your own ideas.1 Warm up a Check th e words and phrases in italic in a dictionary or with your teacher. 6 Newspapers which publish inaccurate reports about famous people should be fined and banned from publishing the reports. (For example. entertainment b Now discuss newspapers in general in your country.. 3 The public has a right to know every detail about the lives of fam ous or important people. discuss the questions with reference 10 the last newspaper you read. reader comments.) 2 Task a One of the crit icisms of some newspapers is that they do not respect people's privacy. international news. a politician who is having an affair. middle/lower economic groups. 3 What was the headline on the front page? 4 Was the report sensational or factual? 5 Were there any scandal or gossip reports? 6 Does this newspaper have a large circulation? 7 Which section of Ihe newspaper did you read in mosl detail? Sections: national news. In pairs.. Unill l Media . say whether you agree or disagree with these opinions and why. How do newspapers breach people's privacy? Who is usually affected by breaches of privacy? b You are going to draw up a code of conduct on privacy for newspapers.

going through your garbage: taking photos with powerful lenses on beaches or in bedrooms.g. such as the victims of crime or lottery winners. bring in two or three different English languoge newspapers. The people usuall y affected arc well-known people . Bri ng a newspaper 10 class to hel p you point oul and explain di fficult vocabulary.Objectives Topic: newspapers and privacy Writing a code of conduct Grammar modal verbs. However." Monitor and help with vocabulary. Put students in pairs to ask and answer the questions. Put students in pairs to read the opinions in Exercise 2b and decide whether they agree with them or not. etc. Suggested answeres: Newspapers breach privacy by: interviewing ex-friends. Media T 118 Unit 11 . people in the news for other reasons. and elicit ideas in answer to the questions in Exercise 28 . going through private records. Have a brief class discussion of the answers. are also affected. •• tabloid = newspaper with small pages and sensational staries broadsheet'" newspaper with big pages and serious stories lead story '" the main story on the frool page classifieds '" short. to breach privacy). sports stars. politicians. 3 Prepare Put students in groups of fou r to wri te their "golden rules. Divide tho class into groups of fo ur or five to d iscuss the questions in Exercise l b . small ads on the inside pages edilOfials '" newspaper articles in which the editor gives the newspaper's opinion on on issue in the news Vocabulary 2 Task Have a brief class discussion. Show them 10 students and pass them around the class. Elicit an explanation of breach le. following people.'S? You could use the newspapers 10 elien and/or explain the words In italics in exercise 1 a. and neighbors. Introduce !he topic 1 Warm up Ask students to road through the questions in Exercise 1a and check the vocabulary. TV celebrities.pop and movie stars. Ask What are the names of the newspapers? What kind of newspapers do you think they ore? What stories are fronl page and back page nev. such as doctor's records. ex-partners. active and passive Speaking presenting ideas for a code of conduct If you can.

here in the United States 01 least. like Britain. B Another thing . I Of course. but it was taken in France. oren'tthey? So. so of course we can toke and print pictures of that. but not close-ups of grieving relatives. that was just sick. A I'm more concerned about ordinary people. There were some pictures token recently of the widow of a soldier . 6 Follow up Put students in groups of four to draw up their own code of conduct. They say that they can take and print pictures of close-ups with telephoto lenses in the u. o I agree. you also have to be careful who you take you know that singer. Ask students to listen and answer the question . o Mmm. In Exercise 5b. We have to look at improving things ourselves or the government will impose new rules on us. LeI's start. Not true. Then put the groups together again to complete their code of conduct.s. like Britain. A look. ask students to complete the descriptions and play the audio again . BID Yeah. yes? C As you know. Unilll T 11 9 Media . We've only agreed that we can't have pictures of sick people or of people who are grieving. they're in public. B Yes. A But you have to be invited . Remember the pictures of the wedding of Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas? They sued the newspaper over that. Ask the rest of the class to take notes about what each speaker says.restaurants are really private places that open up to a few people at a time. defnitely. which is why there were all the problems -that newspaper had an exclusive. We'd bener get on . and as a newspaper editor myself. but what about famous people? I mean. . photographers can't take pictures there. B Isn't the issue that it was printed. I agree. 5 Compare ~ Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Chris Martin of Co/dp/a. they're not like funerals. Not true. if famous people are at a restaurant or somewhere.4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to read their main points aloud. Not true. using a telephoto lens. C DiHicult . I think thars on intrusion on her grief.you're unlikely to get pictures of a wedding unless you're inside the church or you use a telephoto lens.~ . I really don't want that. I think we can all agree that our first rule is that we do not invade the privacy of people who are sick or dying. B Okay. I completely agree with tha t. even of close-ups with telephoto lenses. Mario..at his funeral. I think./? He anaclced a photographer.the event is in a public place.a lot of people think that the ormy shouldn't have gone out there. but I think they had a deal with another newspaper. A Okay. the photographer was allowed to take it. in some places. well. I think so . They say that in some places. Answers: They say thai because the photo of Princess Diana was taken in France. we're not getting very far. but that example of Princess Diona after her cor crash. photographers can't take pictures in restaurants. they're happy occasions. The photographer had taken close-ups of her crying. and t do not wont my newspaper to be sued ! C Of course not. Put students in pairs to read the descriptions in Exercise 5c and find the throe mistakes. bull don't think we need to focus on that case too much. No one should be allowed to print that.what about pictures of famous people's weddings and things like that? I mean. We're all here to discuss a few problems we've hod recently with breaches of people's privacy. but that was public interest . so the photographer was allowed to toke it. so pictures of the funeral are okay. rather than the pictures was token? A Yes. but not of people in this case? A Yes. I'm a photographer and I believe in freedom to toke the pictures I wont. Elicit the best ideas from each group to build up a class code of conduct on the board. o You mean the one of her in the car after it hod crashed? That was terrible.. Do you agree? e yes. on her suHering. A I think you'Ulind that was because his wife was pregnant and didn't wont to have photographs taken.

laws exist.. Which aspect are the people talking about? photographer.. you may be txea\<.. Complete the descriptions of the four pictures.... 3 pictures of famous people in . for example o~ra sidewalk. c Look at the descri ptions of the laws relating to photographing people in some countries... a permissible. her car crash. ·vate bOat standing on the deck of a po ' are alloWed· United States standing in public piCtures of someone balcony plainly view..ing the law..... . can you guess? . 1 a picture of Princess Diana after . '-- 6 Follow up a In groups. 4 Feedback a Choose the three main points of your code of conduct on the press and privacy. If yOU use raph lenS ard a IaC\def to protog ~=~ in his backyard.~d ven "private places" includes cars an e publiC areas· ItalV doO even of people PiCtures taken out rs. and privacy Listen again. The people in the discussion made three mistakes when discussing these laws. trespassing on pnvate property. 5 Compare Listen to a discussion about another aspect of newspapers and privacy. a restaurant/a IJUblic place.. 4 pictures of two actors· . However.. Make a note of ideas from other groups.. z a picture of a soldier's . Present them to the rest of the class. What were they? d Do you know the laws on press and privacy in your country? Ifnot... france herS could be sued for taking PhOtograp. bUt photographerS No prnacy d for harassment or may be sue .1<>1"''= VYithOUt consent. are visible from a pu Ie . pictures in private . b Compare your ideas with other groups and pul together a class code of conduct . draw up two or three ideas for a code of conduct for press photographers.. wedding. The people give four examples of pictures that intrude on people's privacy. widowlfuneral. b Combine all the ideas you agree with to make a complete code of conduct for journalists reporting on the lives of the rich and the famous.

We use the simple: Us. hot soup is one thing I really like to eat in the winter. e. 5 It's snowed ~ ~II night and it stiD hasn't stopped. 1) to talk about unlikely events/situations in the present or Mure We've watched three French movies this week. emphasis to the complement: a continuing TV series abOut the imaginary lives of a group of people soap opera 2 TV programs that do not use real actors but show ordinary people doing ordinary things reality TV we are adding The thing I really like ebout Thailand is the food. buth " ed io th~ 2 You must be tired. :J~~~~!£!~ e 'library all summer. I'm going to go home now.g. Vocabulary Summary 1 Collocations with video video game arcade video camera video game video phone video recorder video tape video cassette video cassette recorder video conferencing 1 I've been working (. rNe've just we could call for help. - firishOO. but the focus is ()(l If we get a DVD pJayet. If I ha d had a oomputer. see Page 46 (first and second conditionals) and Page 56 (third conditionaQ. ou've been drivin You've driven for hours. to talk about imaginary (unreaQ events/situations in the past Fomo if + past perfect + wouIeJ/couIdImight + have + past participle Fo"" have + been + -4ng verb Affirmative: We 've been watching 8 lot of TV recently. fNe've finished. 3 Where have you been~ calii?J I've been calling you at least ten times. One thing I really like to eat in the winter is a good. First conditional Us. wet weather is something that rooJly de{Yesses me. I'll take over. We do not use the progressive to talk about the number of actions/times we have done something. Sony about the mess. an office sitcom 5 a TV show in which well-known people are intefViewed talk show 6 a TV show that has a number of different acts. I might have finished the book earlier." o<fut"'" Fo"" if + present + wiIf + infinitive We've docorated this room. I'd move to a new house. These noun clauses take a complement and can come either before or after the verb. we 'll watch more movies at home. 3 a place wheI'a you can play video games in machines by putting mooey in them video game arcade 4 a TV comedy sefies that takes place in a particular situation. 1) If I got lhejob.. the activity: Second conditional We've been watching a lot of foreign movies recently. fNe haven't finished yet.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect progressive Use To talk abrut an action or activity that started i1 the past and is still contim. suctJ as Iva.g . If we place the noun dause before the verb. We've been decorating. Something that really depresses me is cold. n /t:xJks much better now. 4 I've waited (I've been waiting for Charlie for ages.) To express duration (often with a time phrase): I've been writing this essay for three hours. hot soup. . Negative: We haven't been watching much TV recently. The progressive suggests that the action was VfJly recently finished: 2) to talk about impossible events/situations in the present Fo"" if + past. or write both jf both forms are possible. Third conditional Us. hl!!O!!th ---. 2) If I h ad my cell phone. To talk about a series of actions. an apartment. 2 TV shows talk show current affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show Match these definitions with a word or phrase from t he lists in 1 and 2. It is rTlClt9 neutral to put them after the verb: The food is the thing I realty like about Thailand. singers and comedians variety show Unilll Media . to talk abOut events/situatiOns whiCh are possible in the present We've b800 deconlting this room.) Note the difference between the simple and the progressive he. work and study: Hi&y has attended I has been attencfng this sdKXJI for (\AI() )'EIa'S. We can use both the present perfect smpIe and progressive to talk about actioos with a result n the present..1Q: 3 Conditionals For more information on each conditional. A good. Ouestiofl: Have you been watching much TV recentty? Choose t he correct tonn of the verb. Cold. 1 2 Noun clauses NOlI1 clauses otten COfItoo a relative clause. would/could/might + infinitive It\Ie've decorated this room.) We can use both the siTl>Ie and progessive with rK) change in ITIEHling with some verbs thaI have a sense of oontiluatoo. e. wet weather.

By "nice" I mean vocabulary that interests me like idioms. I like repeating things aloud as well. the family. 2 Expanding your repertOire of techniques a Read the four case studies above again and underline the techniques they mention. I'm an engineer and keep a notebook just for that area of my English. My teacher calls me "the detective" because I love trying to guess words from context. stuff like that. I guess. you know. . I do use my English dictionary. I enjoy fill-in exercises and I prefer a bilingual dictionary so that I'm sure I've understood something. or an opposite. Add any other techniques to the list that you think may be useful. I use different techniques: a picture.. grammar. It's kind of a hObby. Media Unit 11 . a::: ::::> >- o b LOOk at what these students below say about how they record new vocabulary. and phrases. Helena Heinemann. holidays. vocabulary. but only lor very ' difficult expressions. so I show the main stress and write in phonetics . I never use any of them.. Hungary .. I'm not very organized about keeping vocabulary although I'm always very careful about including information about the grammar of a word or phrase .. What practical advice would you give them? I would tell Keisuke to think about the general meaning of a new word before he looked it up in a dictionary. . b In pairs. Keisuke Katsura. or any ideas lor improving the organizaHon. talk about the list you have made with your partner. Put a check next to the effective techniques. I'm going to buy a cheap notebook and copy everything into that. . Experiment with new ideas and you will find new techniques that suit the way you like to learn. discuss which students are not making the most of their opportunities to learn vocabulary. Underline any ideas you didn't include. But this is often difficult because there are a lot of meanings for one wordthat frustrates me..z z C) ~ Working with vocabulary 1 Reviewing techniques for recording vocabulary a Are you making the most of your vocabulary learning potential? Write down the two Of three ways you most commonty record new vocabulary. That would help him find the exact meaning more quickly and he wouldn't feel so frustrated. That's important if you want to be able to use the language. Make a list of the techniques you would like to try. spelling. Chile c In pairs. I usually write an example of the words or phrases and the other helpful technique I use is to divide language into topic areas. Which person do you resemble most? Discuss any questions you have. . I have a notebook that I only use for vocabulary and I'm very organized.recording if something is a phrasal verb. c Discuss the techniques as a class. work.. I had a great teacher who once told me that if you don't think about the meaning of new vocabulary in context. Yes. it will be very hard to find the correct definition when you look in a dictionary. either. Correct pronunciation is very important for me too. That's just the way my mind works. but mostly I write translations. I write the date at the top of the page and make a list of all the new vocabulary I learn that day. . Review your action plan: editing your written work ~ . o -' > UJ o UJ 0. and I also use highlighter pens. Ference Lukacs. . And I do . collocations. a synonym. When I come across new vocabulary I ask my teacher or I look It ' up in my bilingual dictionary. and so on. Ana Ramos. Germany _ L-__ PLAN C> Your action plan: working with vocabulary Put your list from Exercise 2c into action tomorrow. I enjoy writing them down although to be honest. I copy the phrases into a special notebook. You'll also make yourself a better language learner in the process! Note: bring any new vocabulary entries to the class at the end of Unit 12. . an adverb. Japan .I enJoy read ing in English and underline "nice" expressions. I've never had a special notebook for vocabulary. Oh. .. Read it and check any Ideas that you suggested in your paragraph.that is a big help. . Give your partner the final version of the paragraph you wrote in Unit 10 about the importance of reading. . I am pretty clear about what language I want to learn. I always try to put new language into use as soon as I can. Most of my techniques are probably ' considered "traditional". and punctuation of the paragraphs. . have to see a word written down if I want to remember it. But I"m not doing English only for my work! I remember words and phrases from songs or interesting texts .

decide who should continue in future studies or get a good job? o Tests gi ve you an idea of how you are progressing. A So did you pass that science test? B No.Unit12 Looking ahead lesson 1 Which exam? 1 Vocabulary: tests a Try to complete this cOllversat ion between two science students. That means you can build on .en. How else can you place peop le in class levels. didn't you 4 !llke your lab practica!s last week? A Yeah! And thankfully I got II good 5 grade .all these 8 examsltesls are killing mol really nervous. speaking of lests. Unil 12 . Use the words and phrases in the box 10 complete the blanks you could not fill. We were 3 teslfld Oil molor functions. discuss these questions. 1 What's the best experience you have ever had in an exam? 2 What's the worst experience you have ever had in un exam? 3 What havo your experiences with English exams been like? Ii You have to take tests. I 1 failed il! I only 2 scored/got seven out of 25. compare your opinions about the statements. Hey.t. Thai reminds me I have to go now. b In class. Some st udents forge t everything they've studied the moment a test is over. compare your opinions. Have you used the same words as in the box? exams/ tests grade take/do review for scored/got tested on failed retake do your best under that kind of pressure? 2 Speaking skills Do you agree with these statements in the speech bubbles about tests? Write A (agree). so tests are really pointless. covered that yet. Usc one or more words in each blank.gth. c In pairs. So only tho theory on the day and how you now. which really wasn't fair because \'\10 haven '. We have a really tough biology lest tomorrow so I'd bettor get home and 7 reyiew [Of it! Tests make some people feel J hato May and June . You find v "" ~~ \ about your strong and your weak points. so how can b In pairs.which means that I So much depends dOll" have to 6 retake that part of the course._1 and work harder on weak arCaS. NS (not sure) or D (disagree) by each one. award certificates and above all.

we're going to look at Ihe Internel-based TOEFl. TOEFl is designed to tesl if non-native speakers ore ready to to ke courses in English-speaking colleges in Ihe U.one hour per section.test.remember.Objectives Vocabulary fests Topic: exams (the TOEFl) Reading on exam leaflet Ustening an informal tolk Speaking agreeing and disagreeing with statements Ask a few personalized questions to get students storied. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 2e. You could extend the closs discussion following exercises 2a and 2b by asking further questions: Additionol activity What do/can you do to prepare yourself for exams? What canldo you do to ovoid being too nervous or under too much pressure? If we don't take tests. Teacher Uh. Encourage lots oftalking. yes. 2 Speaking skills Ask students to listen and read . almost. . Are . a . righl? . Now. let's start wi th Ihe different sec tions of Ihe lest. You can complete il on the same day. you will be given three passages 10 read and. Afterwards. To show Iheir English is okay. First. 58~------------------------------------------------------. to do a class survey. you 're bolh right.. and ask students to write whether they agree or disagree with them. Ihe lesl is in four sections. Student C Thanks. Yep. Student 0 What kind of passages are there? Teacher Well.. Let them check in pairs and then work in pairs to check and complete Exercise 13 with the words in the box in Exercise l b. there's another very useful feature in this test. Anybody remember whallhol is? Student A Sure! It's Ihal tesl lhat foreign sludenls take to show their English is okay... .. thars called a ' paper-based. Teacher Right! Student B And you lake the lest online. A very positive feature is Ihal you can toke notes throughout the test . Sa you have to wo rk quickly.. where were we? Oh. nole-taking will help you remember what you want to soy or wri te . as you kn ow. Have a class discussion of the answers.S. so thaI's good news for testlakers.. of course. Now. how long is the lest? Teacher The 10101 examination lasts aboul lour hours . Read Qut statements 1 to 4 in the speech bubbles on the page. Student B Excuse me. speaking. Teacher Yes. righl? Student C And there's also a . how many words? Teacher Good question -the lexls a re prelly long between 650 and 750 words. you will be asked 10 complete comprehension questions. are the texts long? . and find out how students really feel about exams... lers . lers go on looking ahead T 122 Unit 12 . orticles you would find in an academic textbook or journot . I want to begin the closs by lolking a lillie more about the Internet-based TOEFl. So the passages ore typical of the kind of Ihing you would see if you were sludying in the Stoles. now in Ihe reading seclion. how . ask two or three individuals to summarize for the class what their partner told them. you could use these questions. . and shore their answers with the closs. and gel students 10 odd others. one that you do on paper. Ihot kind of thing. Er. okay for what? Student A To show their English is good enough to sludy in on American college. all th e words thai may be difficult are explained for you. Apart from the note laking. Now as most of you already know. Ask students to interview each other. There's a g lossary. too. For Exer cise 4 on page 123 ':IiI Teacher Okay. who! other ways are there of deciding who should pass a course or graduate? What sort of tests work best? How can we make tests less pointless and more useful? Alternatively. And one more thing. Sa lers go on to the individual papers. t'li begin with reading. note suggestions. and each porl tesls one of the four skills: listening. Okay.. and writing. When did you losl take a test? What was if a lest on? How did you do? What sort aftest do you like to take? 00 you get nervous when you lake tests? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: tests Ask students to fead the conversation quickly and guess which words afe missing. reading. For example..

We'll be looking 01the d ifferent sons of thi ngs you need to do in the exam so your students will be well prepared for the test So relax. They may know or guess some answers. 6 2 4 Listening ski lls Ask students to read the notes in Exercise 4a carefully. Ask students to take notes. (real academic si tuations) range of native-speaker accen ts: US. first in groups and then as a class. (e. speaking 4 It mirrors the way English is lIsed for commwlicative purposes in the real world. right? Students Yeah. Six.you are given four opti ons. But they ore all the kind of thing you would nor ma lly hear if you were livi ng a nd studying in the U. uh.. or other exams thai your students may be planning to take. uh . Student C What do you mean. Then give them one minute to find answers to the questions in the tex\. Answers: 1 paragraph 1 2 paragraph 2 3 paragraph 2 4 paragraph 2 5 paragraph 3 6 paragraph 4 Ask students to skim the test to locate the answers in Exercise 3c. uh. writing. you have to understa nd whot he or she already said before.est-takers to talk about topics they are familiar with and can answer from personal knowledge and experience.!'e candidates to combine two or three skills.g. Britain. T eacher No. Ask students to read through the questions in Exe rcise 3b carefully.. to find out what students know about the TOEFL. okay? So if you were studying in an Ame rican college. Tasks: 6 (2 conversations. In the listening test you will hea r conversotions and lectures. Their goal is to find cenoin specific information quickly. Australia. If so. anticipate . 4 lectures) based on: how things bappen in real world. Unit 12 T 123 looking ahead .-Teacher Now. let me give yo u a n example: lers soy. remembe r this is 0 test to see how you would do in an academic environment. yeah? So you must be able to fo llow a conversati on like this. how do you test thot I can predict? Teacher Wait a second. right Teacher So tha t is what I mean by -real world: Okay. Student C Does tha t mean six different liste ning tasks!? Teacher Yeah. If neccessary. Britai n. Answers: 1 Non-native speakers o f English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment (colleges and universities) 2 4 3 Reading. and predict wha t might be the answe rs. irll be okay.. Lei them check their notes in pairs. Student B But how do you tesllhat? I mean. using th e notes in exercise 48 as a model. Scanning Set a shan time limit for e xercise 3b because this is a scanning task Students should scan through the text un til they find the answers. They are based on how things happen in the real world. listening. I'm just coming to thot.. the "real wo rld"? Teacher Well. 10 predict what Ihe speake r is going to soy next To do this. ~~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------. of course. Ask students to listen and complete the noles. Britain. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. 5 Independent questions ask t. draw attention to the Glossary. Suggested answer: listening section: conversations and lectures. Canada. lell them to note them in pencil. so you are liste ning to the conversati on and th en it suddenly stops and you ore as ked what will come next . you'd have to go to lectures and toke notes. and Australia. Okoy. Student A And how many different listening tasks are the re? Teacher There ore two conversations and lour lectures. let's say you've been asked to listen to a dia logue between a professor and a college student Now this is a situati on you might find yourself in. Student C That sounds tricky. integrated questions requi.. Then play the audio. pa rticularly from the United States. But to fol low a conversation isn't always enough.3 Reading skills For Exercise 3<1 . Then have them read in detail. lers go on 10 the listening section. which wi ll be similar to those that you wil l hear in real academic s ituations. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. it's really not.s. have a brief discussion. The oudioscript for Track 58 is on page T122 Pi. predicting what speaker is going to say) Exercise 4c is an opportunity to have a question and answer session aboul the TOEFL exam. You have to pick the correct option. The record ings will include a range of nativespeake r accents. Canada. . You also have to be able to.

What is the speaking section like? 3 c Think about everything you have learned about the TOEFL: would you tako it? If so. The CST is the Computer Based TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language. Please note that this test can also be taken in a paper-based form. why? If not . 5 - 650 . They are required to answer two different In the writing section test-takers have to complete two pieces of written work: an independent and an integrated task. Writing. This helps English students and their teachers identify the particular skills they need to improve in order to be ready to lake an academic course in an English-speaking environment. types of questions: independent and integrated. In this section candidates are tested on their ability to communicate successfully in an academic environment. In this test the skills are not tested in isolation . The four integrated questions require candidates to use a combination of two or three skills. Test-takers need to demonstrate not only that they know the content but also that they can organize it. the idea behind this is that the approach mirrors the way English is used for communicative purposes in the real world. In groups .testtakers are required to combine different skills in order to complete different tasks. Complete the notes taken by a teacher. II's the exam YOII take when YOll lI'ont to study A brief introduction to the TOEFL CST What is the TOEFL CBT and what does it do? 1 at a college in the States. In the integrated task test-takers will be asked to read a short text and then listen to a college-level lecture on an academic topic before writing a response to what they have heard of 150225 words. they may be asked to read a short text on a related subject and then record their answer. What is th e reading section like? 5 In this section test -takers are required to GLOSSARY pinpoint discover exactly whnt something is mirror (vb) reflect looking ohead Unil12 . What happens in the writing section? 4 ti' b Tho teacher trainer then ta lks about tho listening section of the test. The independent task requires testtakers to write approximately 300 words about a topic of which they have knowledge or personal experience. In the real world people almost always combine different skills when they communicate. or academic needs.(engfh of feds. The two independent questions ask testtakers to talk about topics they are familiar with and will be able to answer from their personal knowledge and experience . why not? Find other people in the class who would like to take the test and find out why. What is tested and how is it tested? 2 . This is called an integrated-skills approach to testing. In addition. 4 Listening skills ~ a You arc going to listen to an Englisb teacher trainer talking to her teachers about the TOEFL.3 Reading skills a Vou are going to mad pari of a loaflet on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). discuss anything you have heard about the exam. the test-takers are given results which help them pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses. It assists colleges and universities in admitting and then placing non-native speaking students within their courses. and Speaking. personal. isn'. if? b Look through lho leaflet very qu ickly. In addition. For example.750 wQrd~ Jte!p g<Ven <>L 6 glOssa ry - English language proficiency is tested in four separate sections: Reading. It is an English language proficiency test taken by non-native speakers of English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment. Put simply. whether for professional. they may be asked to listen to part of a lecture and then record their answer. Ustening. This time lake your own notes on what the leacher trainer says. Testtakers speak into a microphone to record their answers. In which paragraph would you expect to find the answer 10 each question? Who is the exam for? How many parts are there in the test? What does TOEFL test? What is an illtegralod+skills approach to losting? 5 What is the difference between an independent and an integrated speaking tas k? 6 How many pioces of writing uro there? 1 2 3 4 c Read the leaflot carefully and answer the questions in Exercise 3b.

or could become t rue for y Oll . are required to have medical insurance. me.S. are true now. food.. plans. 24 hours.I. 6 I need to get goo rade notes in science subjects.. If you study at English@San Francisco./de . you must apply on arrival. or stay in a st udent dorm. or hopes of further education.(iiiaiO?>nsomething to do with man ement.someone to give help and advice to them.. r r r GLOSSARY cross a h urd le deal with a problem so that you can go on to do something successfully be bro ke (informal) have no money do something 2417 (informal) do it all the time.On with English! 1 Vocabulary: further edu cation a Choose the correct word or words to comp lete the sentences.S" you will not be admitted to the country. Any good school will be happy to tell you about its teachers and their qualifications. Read the article more carefully and ta ke notes on the advice that you think is important fo r you. the options are to rent your own apartment. 2 Reading skills a Imagine that you have the opportunity to study English in a college in the United States. Add any extra ideas to your list. Good schools offer a wide range of optional activities to help you ma ke new friends. especially about personal problems. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. What else do you need to do before you pack your bags? Visas If you arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. Don't go for the cheapest room if it means that you'll never meet anyone and get Counselors It is crucial that the school provides each student with a counselor . 1 In your coun try. Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few weeks.com Sports and sociaL program Studying English is not limited 10 the classroom. write a list of five things you need to think about before you go. what SlOpS most students who would like to study abroad? 2 What possible solutions are there to these hurdles? 3 Woul d y ou like to study English abroad? If you could. please e-mail I Money If you don't have a clear idea of what a course can cost.S. Greg Scott Director of Studies English @ San Francisco g. '!flake SUn> . b Check the sentences that were true. The teachers Personal qualities are very important in a teacher.! 3 I'd like 10 finish . Did yo u think the same information was important? d In class. 8 I'd like to take a parI. To obtain an E1 depressed." a""il' b Read the article below quickly to see how many of your ideas are mentioned.. remember that it's important to stay somewhere where you will be happy. what would the benefits be? ha"tl!. 7 I'm doing a career ~gf~i n biochemistry. 1 I'm planning I~I make a course in business admi~0?ation.scottoengllshatsanfranos(O. discuss the following. go online and check out the fees of a number of schools.time course@)t 0 11 history and work at the same time. The schooL So what should you look for? That depends on you.9 !J stud engi neering. We offer all of the services above and more. Above all.S . seven days a weok Unit12 lOOking ahead . c Imagine you are interested in studying English in the U. learn about different aspects of the United States. Le.enough ~ to pay fay c Use the ideas above to tell your partner about your experience. Consulate or Embassy with a completed 1-20 Form along with your passport and an Affidayjt of financial Support Medical insurance All students studying in the U. In addition. 2 I'm hoping to pass into ~ntery graduate program. travel to and from school and. On top of tuition and fees. Studying abroad is very exciting but it can be stressful as students cope with cultural changes and speak English 2417. Do you want to be in a big school (500+ students) or a small one (under 50)? Do you want lessons that are formal or informal? Does the school offer a range of different classes so that you can pick and choose classes to meet your needs? Student Visa go to your local U. of course. you certainly won'tY regret it. Good schools should offer th is facility. 5 If I arr&:Qc~erled ~ entered into a university in the U. So you've finally persuaded your parents or employer to let you go for a month to study English? Congratulations! That's the first hurdle crossed . If you have any further questions. books. add accommodation. entertainment. In groups.s. they should also be qualified to teach English. ~"fJ . Then compare your notes with a partner. Accommodation Why not stay WI th a host familv if you want to expenence Amencan home life? Ot herwise. and generally have a good time. ~ 4 I'd like t get take a high grade on an examination ike the TOEFL.

. .s. End this pari ofth e lesson with a discussion . Have a brief class discussion of answers. a Web page Writing a formal e-mail requesting information Speaking discussing further education Ask students a few personalized questioos. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into groups of four or five to write their list for Exercise 2a . looking ahead T 124 Unil12 .Objectives Grammar functions of conditionals Topic: further education and studying English abroad Vocabulary further education Reading a Web site ad. Let them check what they found in their groups. Put students in pairs to talk about their further education plans. Ask Which language schools look interesting and why? Ask students whot they would look for in a language school abroad. What are you planning 10 do nexJ when you finish your currenl studies? Whol are your pions for continuing fa study and improve your English in the future? Ate you planning 10 take any courses in the near future fa improve your career or employment prospects? Introduce the topic If you con find any leoRets for longuage schools in lhe U. asking the questions in Exercise 2d .. bring them inlo class. Ask other grou ps if they have anything interesting to add. Ask students to read the article more closely for Exercise 2c and underline or write down information that is relevant to them. Let them compare in pairs. Monitor and help with ideas. Remind students about the Glossary. At the end. ask one group to read their list aloud.. In Exercise 2b. and then have a brief class discussion. •• 1 Vocabulary: further education Ask students to choose the correct word in Exercise la . or elsewhere. Have a class discussion. then check answers with a partner. ask students to read the article and check and add to their list. and pass them around. Find out which students would like to study at the school in the article.

youcertai nly won'! regret it. Uyau have any further questions. Have students do Exercise 4c in groups of four. Additional activity Divide students into groups of six to eight. Unil12 T 125 Looking ahead . and make sure they make note of the questions not answered.rs to write conditional sentences. you won't be allowed enlry at Immigralion Control. Divide Ute class into pairs for Exercise 4d .. Final paragraph: Conclusion Thank you very much for . Do the firs t situation in Exercise 3c as an example with the class. Then have them do Exercise 4b individually. Tell pairs to read the drafts carefully.. After they have their original drafts back. and write a poster with six pieces of a dvice. write the following advice and useful 0 language on the board: Paragroph 1: Introduction I am in/eresled in attending . Ask them to choose one of the situations in exercise 3c.S. 4 Writing skills Put students in pairs to write their list in Exercise 4a . Answers: Advice An offer A requirement A promise A suggestion A warning !fyau arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. ask students to write their e-maiJs. (offer) When students have fi nished. Why not stay with a host family if you want to experience American home life? Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few wooks. you must apply on arrivaL If you study at English@SanFrancisco. andlor warnings. (advice) II you don't get a visa. pool their ideas. Ask a few students to read their sentences aloud to the class. suggestions. (warni ng) Give me a call if you wanl any advice about gelling a visa. Presentation alternative If your students ore unclear about how 1 organize their e-mail. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. I am writing to ask about . Also tell them to use pencil to circle any mistakes they spot. Then put students in pai. ask them to share their ideas with another pair in Exercise 3d . Suggested answl!l'S for situation 1: You have to get a visa if you want to st udy in my country. Elicit two or three different conditional sentences from the students and write them on the board. you will no t be admitted to the country.T . requirements. Encourage readers to add any queslions they wish clarified or answered in the e-mail (in order to add more meaningful con tent) and also to write suggestions for improvement in pen.• ~ 3 Grammar: functions of conditionals Ask students to do Exercise 3a . Paragraph 2/3: Asking questions Could you please tell me . Nominate one student to write. Could you let me know exadly . Put the posters on the classroom walls for other students to read.. . Then have them check their answers with a partner and the Grammar Swnmary on page 130. please e-mail me. I'm looking forward to hearing from you. I would like /0 find more information about . Ask pairs to exchange drafts..

" a ang uage s h I urancc 3 BC .... in the text them with the f U ll the article (in . language schOol Join one of the most popular schoolS in Boston. " '" om"r " raft e-maiL mahon into para f a IOn and e When you} g phs.5.On Welcome to . Write a lave II . p un/h.l lh.1Il 'scho~~erything r . social program and sports activities 8'1jo)' our extensive prow-am from theater visits to a chance to see the famOUS soston Red Sox...nd .. exchange vo Suggest imp'o your group to ell": k'lrr draft with f vements} "c or yo Write th e Ii Ilal e-mail. organize d e mfo. 5 6 d Read expen ence you } s to learn y r cu ture yo ur sentenc they agree with yo~~ ~~:~:other pair and see if m" \~ w~lte cOllditioll~ sCh~tenccs . -. g' '" yom 1i.000 foreign students a year. then join 8'1~is\"l us at Woodlandl f or fUrther informatiOn. II I} an offer a requ irement n groups ...~ e gomg to wri ask your un Ie an e-mail \ the order questions.1 e ow . If you want to maKe real progress with )'our and have fUn at the 53me time.. vertlsement th:~swere~ I~ Ie . and En~'ISh for AcademiC puf?0S8S' leache tS lively.". I~"he" ~~~HTIod"I.n.. -:-_ _ __ _ " C iOn they serve ~ook a l the condif advice 4 Writing skill s a Imagine that you arc .:.S .. the. Match JO na! sentence . Make a lisl of language you requYr:nf U. please e_mail us at I tooking ahead Unit 12 .I . u.. . h another pair fro~JllS ed.3 Grammar: f unctions f a 0 conditionals Italic). In lair mg t ~ your countr t study yo ur about the fo lIo . school to then pu i lli . .. an( pass th e (Irart back..ud "" Summ"y ellt IS com' language. b Rd' rom a ea .heck . ex<lm preparation for the A first-class school. \.nO. b Check your answ ers w Ith the Gram on page 130 .. yom longuose '. Accommodation Choose the type of accommodatiOn that suits you beSt.. 1he gomg to stud . We also have excellent sports facilities on the Woodland campus.I. M k 00 at you ]" a promise a suggestion a warning d You af doaes~~1 ~~:~v~~. All aUf accommodation is within a 20_minute walK from the scnool. servicing the educational needs of over 12. you will ask for' f paIrs .all the ~~:~~i~~~t~::~ise ?a.} .. dynamiC lessons with native-speaKer teacners. 1 visas 2 lllg sItuations to hel 4 } med.. V~~ . offering yOU the very best in language learning" En~ish 10Ef\-.' thin the 'ad vertisemenl b I ~. courses PiC from our wide range of cOurses including K for Business. 1 k covers. A ".

2100. BUl it's not a\l year.\'croge human being will have gained 2.-doped . ps. 2025 IDeo. people have tried to predict the future. As long as you arc a will have heen de\'c1opcd that will ameliorate citizen and 35 years or older you are eligible. cancers and maybe even cure (fllturcJJI~rfl!c:t ~ some of them.. g Unlf12 Looking ahead . with varying degrees of accuracy.)k I d In prurs . 1 Whi.ch p fCCrIctlOns do you think w'll b reahty and why? ocome 2 Which predictions might affect yo personally? U 3 h Which . ' p . ergy IS tuo dangerous fossil f I arc runmng oul . Are thO)' th . Vacations: \vithin the ncxtL'lking 20 years. Not surprisingly. n pairs... . . (future pl)rfect) p • Worlc Un<mploym.51cilos. (future perfect) GLOSSARY harrowing extreme Iy WOrrylDg or upseuin ' ameliorate mab batlB ." d. compare your answers. Baldness: Scientists at Cornell Univcrsil)' cxperimenting with a gene cal1ed SHl-l will Q. r 01/ ' Future fact or future fantasy? ~idcmic Since time immemorial.il)' can lead to diabetes.an d b aven't' look d ue S we renewable sources e at I hole the ido(/ of clonin but l' scientists will bu obi> I g I m pretty sure thai within the next deca~e~ c one a human being ~ b Listen agail I an d Mlswor these (IUesf 1 Wh 'I IOns. s Ie a pessimist or an optimist? a pessimist y WI I fuel be n major problem? b nuduar en ' . and high blood pressure. new drugs haYc a clone clausc. most. some of the results arc so P • AIDS: In only a fcw years.-r.3 . Have a look at these the major killer in many African and Asian snapshots of furore lifc and iudge fN yourself.. b.lfuture perrect} O. pt on page 148.. P • Diet: Despite the advice of medical experts who consrandy point out that obd. mmenl IS doing nothing 4 ~hy will unemployment gel worse? e economy will continue to dete~ior~1 c I .Which future? 1 Speaking skills a In pairs.S." U I becaus~ p~~~:~n? nemp oyment? New' b the time in the ~ervicj~n~~:}::s~..oe"". By the year 2025. ecause . ..m Will hoY' o. Cancer: Within th e next 25ycarS. vacations People will be 15 to space plO' Cloning: l3y 2035.rfcc _ ' ''ha d.However. if not all. il will ha\'c becom!:lful purfed} passive) possible for a clone to run for president of the USA-The U.. e..W of the population by 2035. . ~~~I~~n~a~~\et t hmcalth po~u lalion growth fa Ie vacatIOns a L'Isten and answer these questions 1 Wh o is the speaker? a politician fa ' 2 Who is he talking to? th r the People PI 3 I I ' evoters ." I". turn to the audioscri Underline all the . .r obably h3\'C found a cure for baldness by 2020. . . the \\'Orld's population will havc IYaehed 10 billion. O • Space: wC W end of the centurY.~r=!~d . ISCllSS theso questions. pesslmlslic points and th' k r an optJmlsllc counter-argument ~or cae h pom! a I. (future lwrfecl) ure O .\ c th '0 25% countries. Porltin. 0 cr planets by the \'e \oun he on (fulure progrcssh'c) P • Population: B. the AIDS will be claiming a million liycs a harrowing that they make yOU wanllO stay in bed and hide under the covers..AIDS will be by far doom and gloom.el) fighting over purking spacc will haYe beCOme a serious source of social conflict by 2020. w.' In "". (ftill lre pr. Constirution doc'Sn't O. '~ e In groll d' e sarno. b Compare your prodict ions with other pc I A you a pessimist or an optim ist? op e.~=::sti~~t~e". ro c Now read the art icle below bo the a (OPlimisti:l p~iclions o~t. heart disease.l!u'u. discuss what predictions fo th you can make about the next 30 2 Listening skills year~ follow~ng~ work . . . Ie t'IOns are most important for prod' umamly 11\ general and why? 4 ~o~:~~~~~ the most terrifying predictions 2 Why will faccmasks be more there will be more 3 gave will pollution be worse? be cause th e Why ' . scientifiC research is increasingly able to paint (future progressive} an accurate picture of how things will be in the not-too-distant future.

our future looks dark.Objectives Grammar Topic: life in the future Pronunciation echo questions Reading a newspaper article listening a politician's speech Speaking making and discussing predictions fulure progressive and future perfect Write three or four of your own predictions for the future on the board. Imagine in ten years. The economy will conlinue to deteriorate and. sadly. But what is the present government doing? In a word. our towns and citieS will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lock of clear policy on genetically modified food.. but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the heolth of our people? And thars not all. that parking will have become a major prablem. Ask students jf they agree or disagree with them. and then check in pairs. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to burn fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now. ~ ~ ~ Additional activity So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. ask one student from each group to summarize what the group said. vote for us. much of our food will soon be genetically modified. Afterwards . T. ladies and genllemon. butthafs not the norm. tf pollution continues to increase. Ask students to listen and answer the questions in Exercise 2b. You may wish 10 check the following expressions: since lime immemorial = dating bock to a point long ago in time • Vocabulary Irs not all doom and gloom". your city. Let students check their answers in pairs. You see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemosk today. for more shy students. acid rain. Imagine . Then put them in groups to share their ideas. Irs not all depressing news. I think we will be mining and building factories in ouler space. and tidal power. my friends! Just imagine.full. wind. There will simply not be enough space to park your cor. Ask students how they think these things will be different in the future. We'll be living in a world where when it rains. Parking places on the street . We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. as a result. I think mos/large animals will become extinct. So on Thursday. I'm talking about your world! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic. you may invite them to post their speeches on the wall for other students to read. your town. and the way things are going. Public and private parking lotsfull! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. we will have run out of them within 0 couple of generations. Ask two or three confiden t students to present their speech to the closs. our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels. it will rain ACID . Already gridlock is a common. Ask students to prepore on -optimistic· political speech in opposition to the speech of the politician on the recording.. and say who in their group is optimistic and pessimistic.. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. vote for. NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this. End this part of the lesson by asking students to discuss the questions in Exercise 1e in groups of four or five. I'm talking about your street. II may look like the answer in the short term. Alternatively. . Suggestions: In1roduce the topic I think Chino will become the richesl and most powerful country in the world. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. 1 Speaking skills Ask students to work in pairs to discuss their predictions in Exercise la . Ask students to work in pairs to underline the pessimistic points of the speech in the audioscript on page 148 and think up and write optimistic counter-arguments. Ask students to read the article . Play the audio again. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie. perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy . very dark. so much traffic.. a world where every living person wears a face mask. Looking ahead T 126 Unit12 .. We need to look at clean. everyday problem. snapshots 101 future life) = brief but reveoling pictures/images/insights 2 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise 2a . renewable energy sources like solar.a vote for the People Party. mark the predictions. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Focemasks facemosks will have become common in towns and cities.

the blue whole will have died ouI! Carol Will have died aut? 3 Peter Oh. terrible. Ask two or three individuals to repeat. People will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods! Ca rol Will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods? ~' - By 2100. 50% of the world's workforce will be working from home! Carol Will be working from home? 4 Peter This is incredible. streets will disappear in cities. the water level will have risen by 50 centimeters! Carol Will have risen by 50 centimeters? 5 Peter Can this be true? It says. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lives a year? 2 Peter I don't believe this! It says within 50 years.1> @ Qu. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! A million? Oaiming a million lives a year? Will be claiming a million lives a year? Unit 12 T 127 Looking ahead . Answers: The predictions: By 2100. To soy these e<:ho questions corre<:lIy. Let them check answers in pairs. and rise again 01 the end. Common errors Overusing simple present instead of more complex future forms. the world·s population wHi halle reached 10 billion: Carol Will have reached 10 billion? Peter Yes. play the audio again. By 2030. Ask stud ents to listen and respond. expresses sW"prise. Have students repeat in unison. I M in Q beautiful house. listen to this: -In a few years. which. Usten to this: -In a few years. T hen replay and pause the recording afte r each stateme n t. Point out the form of the two lenses. since mony languages hove comparable forms and uses. However. play the recording again .~------------. She doesn't believe it. fall a little. When they are ready. The future progressive (will + be+ present participle] and the fu ture perfect I will + have + past participlel both have complex forms. She isn't asking a question .t . Play the audio for Exercise 4d. 6l~--------------------------------. Then play each statement.. 1 Peter This is horrific. Ht . the world's population will halle reached 10 billion! 10 billion? Have reached 10 billion? Will have reached 10 billion? In a fll'N years. Use Exercise 3b to check that students can recognize the form. Do the first statemen t as a class to get students started. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lilies a year? Peter Yes. The main problem is that students lend 10 oyoid using them. ffi Quick grammar guide: future progressive and futu". 10 billion! Peter This is horrific. here. Do Exercise 3d as a brief class discussion. pause. Discuss the questions as a class. AHow two or three minutes for students to think ofthings to say for Exercise 5b. If students don't d o this very well the lirst lime. Peter 11 says here: -By 2100. For Exercise 4b. lIn a few years.ck prononciation 4 Pronunciation: echo questions Play the audio for Exercise 4a. \o:. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! Carol is sW"prised. then leI it rise. Ask students to listen and answer the question.it is an echo question . perlect 3 Grammar: future progressive and future perfect Have students check answers to Exercise 3a in pairs. paying aUention to the intonation patterns they hear. they should not be too tricky. isn't it. In 2030. opting for simpler forms. ask them to take turns making predictions. within two generations the average life span of a person will have increased by 20 years! Carol Will have increased by 20 years? 6 Peter And listen to this one: Within 50 years. and listen to this: By 2030. the world's populalion will have reached 10 billion. Let students listen to the audio o nce. particularly in controlled silualions. Play the audio for Exercise 4c. students need to star! with their intonation high (and disbelieving!). and let students shout out an echo question. Ask students to complete the article in Exercise 3e. guide @ •• 5 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to put the lime expressions in Exercise 5a in the chart.

~ b Listen agai n. e In pairs. In order to avoid chemicals. This tense is used for activities that will be in progress at a particular time in the future. We 5 will be geUing (get) some energy from windmills but much of it will be generated in our own homes by rooftop solar panels. computers entertainment money the world water food b Read through the predictions in the text in Exercise t again. Most homes 6 will have a lso installed (also install) a basem ent fuel unit. Since these far ms will employ natural forms of pest control. education work population the economy traffic potlution travel By 2010. What is Carol's reaction to tile predictions? Is Carol reaUy asking Peter a 1 By 21 00. comp leted before a definite time or event in the future. I wjll /Jove graduated. many of us 1 will he living (live) in neighborhoods where the air is clean and where places to wo rk. which will produce hydrogen to be used on days when there is no sunshine. Which are in the fu ture perfec t 5 Speaking skills and which are in the fu ture progressive? 11 We can use the future perfect and future c Complete the fo llowing article about the fu ture. carcinogens 8 will have di sappeared (disappear) from food produced in this way. make predictions about your personal fu ture and the fu ture of your country. and do our shopping will be close at hand. the world's population will have question? reached 10 billion. III fact. What are the two predictions? a Match these predictions from the article with the descriptions that follow. many people 7 will be G rowing (grow) food in their backyards or buying it from nearby organic far ms. Look at the time expressions commonly used with these tenses and add them to the chart below. People 4 will he returning (return) to riding bicycles because of the increased awareness of the effects of pollution and the importance of regular exercise. In only a few years. d Which areas of the article do you agree with? Which areas do you disagree with? Which view of the future do you feel is more realistic: the view stated in the listening or the one in the text above? by tilen within a month before December within a generation this time next week before the government changes by next June by next summer by 2010 Near future by Saturday this time tomorrow next month Distant futu re in 20 years wilhin the next 20 years wiLhin a generation by then within a month before December this time nexl week by 2010 by then before the government changes before the government changes by next June hy next summer h In pairs. Those who have to go out to work 3 will he using (use) clean hydrogen-powered transportatio n that will produce little or no pollution. Use these topics.3 Grammar: future progressive and fu ture perfect 4 Pronunciation : echo questions ~ a Listen to Peter and Carol discussing an article about the future. clai ming a million lives a year. I'll be working ill my father's company. and respond to each b Th is tense is used for activities that will be other with echo questions. (work) from 2 will be working home. looking ahead Uni! 12 . the A IDS epidemic will be ~ c Listen and repeat what Carol says. c An optimistic future By the year 2025. @ d Now listen to six things Peter says and respond with an echo question. play. Many people. With in the nex t two years. progressive for prodictions in the near future and Use the future perfect or the future progressive. make some crazy predictions about some of these aspects of the future. fo r personal predictions.

General knowledge. The Quizmaster is not pari of a learn. The team can discuss the question together and when they decide on the answer they wish to give. It is also the job oftho Quizmaster to control the two teams the same as a referee does in a soccer game. Grammar. Words. Only the secretary can give the answer. The game is played in two teams of three or four players. There can be 8S many pairs of teams as needed.f h game This is a team game and the aim is to be the first team to cross the finish line. People. The only cxC{)ption to the correct answer . You move forward one space at a time by correctly answering questions on seven different topics.one space forward· rule is when you land on the "wild card". backward or staying where you are. and Entertainment. If another member of the team says their answer before the secretary. Each pair oftoams has a Quizmaster whoso job it is to read tile questions to each learn and to keep scoro. they tell the team secretary. the team is penalized and has to move back one space. This type of card is unpredictable and may result in you moving forward. The questions are given to the team by the referee or "Quizmaster". Unil12 looking ohead . Science. Sports.

give the quizmasters the quiz cards. if you have 18 students. 5. and reviewing some language al the end of the course. 2. Read through the task first to make sure you really understand it. (These should have been photocopied and cut out in advance. Tell students to form groups.4. they have to start asking questions. 2. Tell them that they are going to take a quiz and that they have to choose a secretary . 4. Tell groups 1 and 2 to sit facing each other around one of the quiz boards on the left·hand side of the class.Objectives Grammar Topic: end-ol-year quiz Reading instructions language and conlent U5tening a quiz Speaking an end-af-year quiz of Student's Book The aim of this activity is to provide a fun. Go over any questions about the rules before getting started. and walk around the class as students play. 3. Once they have tossed a coin to decide which teams starts. Work out in advance how you are going to organize the classroom. a good way to start is to give every student a number by counting and pointing at students like this: 1. Tell students to read the rules of the game carefully.) Set a time limit for the quiz.2.one person who will write down the group's answer for each question. For example. 1. You should have four grou ps of four. and one of two students. 4. 5. 2. You can find the quiz cards on page 1'129.3. answering any questions they may have. lookingoheod T 128 Unit 12 . 3. 1. 3. and be sure you prepare enough photocopies of the quiz cards for your students in advance of the game. The secret of success is to manage the activity carefully. and tell groups 3 and 4 to sit facing around a board on the right-hand side. Tell them to join the teams. 1. 4. light-hearted way of practicing spoken English. Finally.

:Iuse can be the subject or the object of II senterx:e. and cancer) 10 Name the country that has a population of about 1 billion people.) Rephrase this sentence. Judo. man). Alt ho ugh/Though/Evon tho llgh thoy oro rich. (ANSWER: both.) 10 HooN much of the earth's surface IS coYef!'d by water? (ANSWER: 70%) ' spons Where and when did karate start? (ANSWER: Japan. either. (There are many possibilities here. use the future progresSIVe in one and the future perlect In the other.) 5 What is the name of the international sports comp!?tition wtlere teams from around the world compete for the title of the best soccer team? (ANSWER: World Cup) 6 Name five trad and field spoIlS.) Your boy/girlfriend is leaving to study in Canada for two months. hurdles.) Make two predictions about the future. each. however.) In wtlich of these two sentences is the event more likely to happen? a) If I get the job. (ANSWER: Japan) 6 What does IQ stand for? (ANSWER: Inte lligence Quotient) 7 Name one International e<oIoglcal organization? (ANSWER: Greenpeace. Possible answer: 1"1/ call you evory day if you IOTllllmo 10. howc\'er.) Name five different quantifier. or an illegal substance that afferu people mentally or physically when they take it? (ANSWER: a dmg) 5 Name the process in wtlich heat is unable to escape from the atmosphere and causes the tempera ture of the eanh to nse. b) If I got the job. (ANSWER: The Greenhouso Effect) 6 What is the name of the unit used for measuring temperature? (ANSWER: a degree) 7 Can you give me the chemical formula for watef? (ANSWER: HP) 8 What IS the name lor the complete set of genes in a living thll"lg? (ANSWER: The genome) 9 Name at ledst three of the possible efferu of dirnate change. There will be heat WIiVes and Illore air pollution. for example. the hammer. water resources will increase or decrease: there will be more floods IlIld drough t. too. I'd buy a cell phone. severn!. SA de C. no. Number 2 is baseball. In the 17th century) 2 What is Muhammed Ali's daughter's name? (ANSWER: leila) 3 What does the INOfd karate mean? (ANSWER: empty hilnd) 4 Can you name three different martial arts? (ANSWER: karate. (ANSWER: Climate change will forte some species of birds to migrate. (ANSWER: true.) Imagine you heard this sentence on the news and you want to report It back to me. be some benefits. the high jump. T hey are unhappy although/even though \hey are rich. all (the). the javelin. (ANSWER: St udy ing is the only way to pass tlle exam. Moderate warming will fa. (a) li n Ie. The only way to pass the exam is to study.thirds or. [ got up early in order to catch the bus.S) (ANSWER: Number 1 is football. ) 10 Which sport did Sebastian Cae excel In? (ANSWER: distance runlllng) More Quiz cards ore on on page T260 !II Unil1 2 T 129 l ookingaheod _bIe C E<iIori(JI Moo:miIon de ~o. tae kwon do. They are rich BUT unhappy. Begin it by using II form of the verb study. however. 1"11 buy a cell phone. (ANSWER: heart disease. strokes. II great/good deal of. thoy are unha ppy. distance running) 7 INhat is the modern in ternatIOnal sportll1g competitIOn In which people of all nationalities compete in varIOUS sports? (ANSWER: Olympic Games) 8 In which sport do pjayers "slam dunk"? (ANSWER: basketball) 9 Can you give me the first and se<:ond most popular spectator sports in the U. (ANSWER: in a).V 2006 .·or some fanners. which in turn will cause infectiolls diseases to spread. l'YE'ry.) Is thIS true or false J A noun d. every. hardly any. but the sentences have to be "predictions" and they also have to make sense!) Science What is the everyday term for the chemical formula CO/ (ANSWER: carbon dioxide) 2 What does 'GM' stand for In "GM foods "? (ANSWER: Genetically Modified) 3 What percentage of our body weight is water? (ANSWER: 60%) 4 What am I describing: A substance that a doctor prescribes to cure people of an illness. I got up early to catch the bus. (ANS WER: They are rich. (ANSWER: Tho nowscaster said (that) the werld's population would grow to eight billion by 2020.. The woOd"s populatIOn will grow to eight billion by 2020. Sea levels will rise in some constal areas. Make himlher a promISe.. J Change the word to in this sentence without changing the meaning of the sen tence. the discus. II lot of. nono of the . some. II quarter f two. (ANSWER: Indial 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 (ANSWER: [ got up early so as to catch the bus. vinlses like influenza ami AIDS.. they lifO unhappy. (a) few. Friends of the Earth) 8 Wha t is the world's population? (ANSWER: six billion) 9 Can you give me the names of three of the biggest ki llers in the deveklped world? For example.. (Ma ny possibilities here.. half (01). sprinting. (ANSWER: the long jump. Start : The newscaster. many of whom are Hindus. They have to be logical. II"s the first conditional.Quiz cards Grammar Change the word but in this sentence Wlthout changing the meaning of the sentence. neithe r of the. capoeira. General knowledge Where did Ca~ra come from originally? (ANSWER: Africa) 2 Which insect can Jump 100 centimeters? (ANSWER: a flea) 3 Who wrote A Hundred Years of Solitude? (ANSWER: Gabriel Garcia Marquez) 4 Which (feature can lift 50 times its own weight? (ANSWER: an ant) 5 Name the country in Asia which consists of four large islands. There will.

The Rules of the Game 1 Decide how many pairs of teams will play. 3 Move into your teams and select a team 4 A. they stay where they are and wart until it is their turn again. you \I'm. If the teams finish befOfe others in their class. they should 'MlI'k in their teams and WTlte some more questions to ask the opposite team. toss a coin to see which team starts. yO ll lose. Your teacher will give you the questions. then check it to shaoN that it has been used. read a question from the categOl)'. you Y teams. I Tails. 5 The other team star1s. . Quizmasters. they move forward. Quizmasters. Qui l. . You slar!. When you toSS a com. The other team is nO'N asked a question. If the team answers correctly. looking ahead .JllastCr: . 6 7 8 9 10 secretary. sa heads or '011 5. Heads. join your teams. 2 Select one Quizmaster for ~ pair of USEFUL LANGUAGE . Cootinue until the game is finished . If the answer is incorrect. Heads. Quizmaster5.

I Ihink it's very diffICUlt 10 eH#eF Harvard. were tested on We use the future perlect to talk about a situation Of an actoo that win be completed by or befOff! a specific time in the future: 7 Harry 13 310d. is taking relake it Wail for me.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Functions of conditionals Vocabulary Summary 1 Tests passltail a tesVexam get goodIbad lake/retake We often use conditionals to express functJons su:h as advice and promises. Offers Contact me if you need clarification on any of these points. .jllJ.. Warnings If you don't tell me what the problem is. ruture perfect: wllVwon'r + have + past participle They'll have demolished the building by the rime you arrive. failed In physiOtherapy by June. the a novel we hadn't was unfcur . We oftefl use the tIme expressions in X weekslmonthslyears and within (Ihe next) X weel<slmonthslyears with the Mure progre5SlVe: People wiD be traveling in fuel efficient cars within the next ten years. In two weeks /he politiCians win completely different. By two o'ckx:k. Fo= future progressive: wilVwon'r + be + -ing verb We 'll be wsitlng at the end of the pia/form when your train arrives. 15 will he slo)'j!l~ (stay) with them for a week and we 6 will II!: goine.he'll be watching the bg game.~e/! on my last malh test. be arguiflg about something Complete the paragraph with the future progressive or future perfect of the verbs in parentheses. 2 I don't think I will ever §e. Unil12 looking ahead .ef~I!!l1>8I!!I sludied.' H+. M ake any changes necessary. I'H be lying on beach in Rio. These are often based on the loon of the rll'St conditionaJ (see Unit 4). I hope. I 4 will be sla)'illa (stay) WIth he( and her husband in the country.. try joining dubs or a gym. gol 5 I expect to flAeM IH)' eefle§8 68tff68 in electronics next year. (spend) a lot of money but r 10 will haVe seen (see) a lot of great shows. Promises /'11 be very careful If you Jet me use the car lomght. I 8 will he dQjna:. I can't help you. Here are some convnon fooctions of !irs! condillOl"\als: Advice If you want /0 moot new people. you must provide proof of major in artIhiSlory be accepted to a cotlege or university do a degree in biochemistry/modern languages take a course in history Replace the words in italic with a word or phrase from the two lists above. I'H have finished the dishes in five minutes..r ill~ computing at COllege now.. This tllne tomorrow I 1 will he O). (tIy1 to England. By the end of my stay. The fdlowing wool< t 7 will be stayjng (stay) in a hotel in london. 12 wjll have arrjved (arrive) in London. so I'll take some pictures for you. but sometimes use modal verbs and imperatives in the main clause instead of Vt1II\'VOf'I't. graduAte 6 1he exam M Next Sunday.Is. We often use the prepositions by and before with the future perfect 1'/1 have sent the report to you by/before Friday.. Don'/ caRJlffllhis evening . got good grades 4 She eel6:R88 excellent grades on the exam..we hB~ /19 eil8l. be accepted to identity. scorestgrades be tested on a topic/subject a lesVexam review /0( a tesVexam 2 Further education lake a course - Suggestfons Why not travel by train if you want 10 enter a graduate program see more of /he countryside? Requirements If you want /0 open 8 bank account.. My sister 3 will be Wilj1jll~ (wait) for me. Julia will have completed her course 8 I liitlfl'f j8688 my driving test so now I have to 96 it ageiR. (do) a 101 of shoppng and going to shQv. pass 2 Future progressive and future perfect Use We use the future progressNe to talk about a situation 01" an action thai will be in progress at a definite time in the Mure: 3 1 EA~ 19th'. (go) for lOts of country walks. I 9 will have sl!lilll. \lVhile I'm in England.<6~ ItIs English exam.

TV t 2 ~ake a list of differences between writing a timed essay and . 3 Will you ever have to write a timed essay in English in the future? If yes.. There is one mistake in the order. I ek at the new vocabulary entries you have made c Since Unit 11. ~ 0:::: ::) Section 3: Writing You have 60 minutes to complete this section.one witheut a time limit.C) z - The writing part of an exam 1 Looking at an exam question Read this exam question. I a In groups.cellent 4 := very good 1 = poor 0 := ve ry poor 3 == good 2 '" borderline /5 130 2 Examining a sample answer a Read this lest-laker's answer. I he I-.. is it too formal. 4 Write a draft using complete sentences.huns e:ve:ry#u:1/.-_~"''tt-"t""".e "¥. or jusl right? Reader: Hew easy would it be for the reader te understand what the writer says? /5 /5 questions. too.fl Ln a wry !A-mp'.J > u.ed aJ. good Eng. when? b Many people think that passing an English test only requires. 1 Have yeu ever written a timed essay in yeur language or in English? q:. "J l . ! .t ~US':' . looking ohead Unit 12 . Criteria 1 Content: hew fully did the candidate answer the question? Score for this work Question 1 Imagine you have just seen the following advertisement for an international TV magazine.e. Write your final answer neatly in the test booklet.s a 2 Make notes that answer the question. ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: werking w ith vocabulary Put yeur strategies into action! Write your answer te the exam question in Exercise 1.e to w an op. as well._"locc="'lL'::~_ _1 """"c'. 7 Write your essay again. Having a structure for approaching writing is crucial.J o Q. til£. _1J1q. b Look at the answer more carefully. /5 -' 2 3 4 Accuracy: how accurate is the grammar and vocabulary? Variety: how varied is the grammar and vocabulary? Organizatien: How clear is the text? Are ideas logically .lish. How easy would it be for you to answer this question? ~<J<I REVIEW ReVj~w your action ptan: working with vocabulary - t~ I~ pairs. Look at these seven recommended steps. Write your article for the International TV magazine (150-1S0 words). {/a-nue b!:. o >o u. Successful entrants will receive a free subscription to the magazine fer . 3 Organize your notes into paragraphs. discuss these questiens. That is true but yeu need test-taking strategies. As tests are timed. !la-nue OUWY5 shylY. a. The best three will be published in January's edition of International TV magazine.organized and does the w riting flow smoothly? /5 /5 InlemalionallV magazine • What is your favorite show on TV? • Why do you like it? We are looking for short artictes answering these 5 6 Style: Hew appropriate is the style for the context? I. Talk about any new techniques you have tried. too infermal. You may make notes and write drafts on the paper provided.one year! Total score for Question 1 Scoring system 5 "" ex.k ~ ''fi a>Ui ' usually bqp >VK1y fad /axi5. Has the question been completely answered? Do you think this would pass or fall? Why? 3 Editing the sample In pairs."/UOlt on. impreve the student's answer by correcting the mistakes. tk . Use the examiners' criteria and the scoring system tc give the student's work a final score. which are underlined. 6 Allow time te proofread your final essay. 5 Revise your first draft. Can you lind it? 1 Read the question very carefully. I i:eLeYl/nq tius and -me fdvre j trof. 4 Having a strategy j wrJ. good time management IS essential.a.

3 A Why are there so few students at school today? B There was so much snow. she'll be angry. everyone all both hardly any a little a few several two thirds half 1 A OK. 4 A Is all ofthe equipment in the computer room new? B No. 1 Give me a call e 2 If you lend me five dollars. or d to fill in the blanks in the article on the right. d 3 If you take that without asking her. bul most of it is. . the increase in rain. the effects of long-term effect Could be accelerate and the Professor Greenmore sa~atastro~hic. (claim) She claimed to havelthat she had no idea who the murderer was . th at hardly any of the students came. I'll pay you back tomorrow. Whole cities 2 action IS not taken opinion is dividcd~n th ffithreatened. to be precise. c 5 Try linding a cheaper apartment a a b c d e if you want to save money.33% of the property. The Water I~~el has been [lsmg in coastal areas and if . Use the words in pa rentheses. sir. c. H owever' One farmer told us that h~ e ects of climate change. The effects of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 1 WOrse and worse and if nothing is done they will COntinu: to have a damaging effect ~n the quality of life. if you need my help. c get @)lave been getting 2 a might have been (JYwill be c have d have been 3 a are increasing @ vi\l have increased c will be increasing d increase 4 a would have b may @ vould d will 5 a will never be b had never been beard @ vould never have hoon d won't be Global warming or global warning'f d Match the two halves to make complete and logical sentences . right? b Complete the second sentence so that it mea ns tbe same as the firs t one. In some cases.a Fill in the blanks using an appropriate expression of quantity. IS crops had benefited from Experts predict that b temperatures 3 end of the cenrury P . b 4 If you want to joi n the swimming club. J a warmmg 5 _ _ __ b . Yes. you have 10 be at least 12 years old. ' ~fessor Greenmore of the U· . 1 You have to wear a he lmet at all times on the building site (worn) A helmet must be worn at all times on the building site." she sa id. (ought) The government requires that more money ought to be spent on p ublic health care 3 "I have no idea who the murderer is. b. 4 . B And the other two Ibirds are equally divided between your brother and sister. Furthermore. (thing) Tbe weather is tbe tbinl that 1 like most about Greece c Choose the correct answer. 2 A Do you usc any salt in your cooking? B JUSI enough to give the food a little more flavor.y 2. which ofthese shirts would you like? B I need more shirts so I'll take bothlalVeyetJ one of them.he automobile heard of. said that if we didn't tak . ruverslty of Maryland climate change 4 e action SOOn.'I'm thinking about what you said. hadn't been invenrcd Slog ~at If r. please. 5 A When my mom died she len me 33. a . two answers may be possible.5 degrees. 1 a gOI b were gettin. 2 It is a requirement of the government to spend more money on public health care. 5 II's the weather I like most ahout Greece. over 90% of it is new." she said.t. (told) She told me that sbe was thinking about what lsaid .

he complete set of genes in a living thing. 5 A flood is a a period of exlreme dryness.1roline! I love you! And whal about the ch ildren? soap opera Both teams now have 12 points.degreeJn chemistry and after that 15 djd a Master's and specialized in petroch emicals. C. c th e history of a fami ly. When did . Complete the text with a word or words from the box. _ _ 5 A carton of: ___ . _ _ ' _ _ _ 2 A can of: . I have_been working all day non-stop. I've been working with a petrochemical company ever s ince then. :J An implant is a something YO ll pu l in the ground .. tal k show current affairs documentary dra ma movie music program q u iz show reality TV s itcom soap opera s ports show the news va riety show 1 2 3 4 Harry.. 4 A bottle of: _ _ . moves past Wilson and shoots. If 7) The oplion of GM food should . 4 Crops aro a food for nnimal s.1. b a medicine given to animals. If they are reall y opposed to the use of pesticides in 9) fa rming.year 4 . 11) pesticides could become a thing of the past. 4) whOSE) population has been \1I«f increasing at alarming rates. But I passed them and tlnally entered the uni versity that fall . ___ _ h Choose the best definition of the following words.® mmething placed in a person.. we will be Jjying in our new house. so Illfld to 2 retake them. c something you feed animals.lI1 t lo watch the midnight movie.. c m eat and vegetables. _ K5) Scientists predict that it will have ~ doubled by Ihe end of the 6) 2'lst century.<!!»lants that are grown for food. _ __ 3 A jar of. (li). Use the verb in parentheses. or plant. Diane Case has this .getting into college.. (finish) future perfect 2 This time noxt year. (live) future p rogressive 3 In ten years. OK .. (watch) present per fect 5 1'111 exhallsted. (work) present perfect progressive f Read the text below and look carefully at each line. Environmental organizutions 12) say that GM foods should not jd' be imposed un til we know mo re about the dangers. Team B. I used to sing and da nce fo r guests w hen they . Many I)f'scien1ists argue that GM food should be 3) adopted as th e onl y so lution to the problem of feeding the world. Janssen passes the ba ll but Makelele intercepts. thell they must ~ consider the fact that GM foods are resistant e 10) to insects and if we J}JIe" change 10 GM foods in twenty years. 2 The genome is a someone who is very intelligenl.. animnl. I have watched enough TV ror today. I did a four. Our repo rtor. did getting into pass good grade fa il a test degree in retake reviewing for I had a hard time 1 . this question is for you. quiz show News has just come in abou t the conti n uing civil war in Zalibad . ~} large amount of water that suddenly covers an area. But yo u can 't leave me. future perfect future progressive present perfect present perfect progressiv~ 1 By March. . Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which s hould not be there. G!\'I Foods: a possibl e solution? 1) Genetically modified food has become a conlroversial subject 21 in recent yea rs. b water used to make plants grow. ___ ' ___ . the news A long pass . II 's a goal! What a goall The goalkeeper didn 't stand a chance. ! failed my final high schoo l exams. so I'm goi ng to bcd. 1 A pesticide is chemi cal used to kill insects. Check (v) the correct lines and cross ()O those where there is an extra word.e Choose the best hmse from the list below to complete the sentences. I spent all summer 3 reviewing for the exams while my friends were out having fun..6 be taken seriously by environmcntal /C 8) orga nizHtions. If we do not accept GM foods. scientists will have found life on Mars. (find) future perfect 4 I dou' t w. we will have finished the house. sports show 5 Host: And when did you know yo u wanled to be an aclress? talk show Actress: Since I was about six . c a substance that makes plants grow. Not all the words are used. g Think ortwo words that are ofte n used with the following containers. 1 A bagof.. famine wil! increase. ® Which kind orTV show do these lines come from? Choose from the list orTV shows in the box.

. Which is the most appropriate answer to these questions? 1 Where is the beauty the singer describes in the song? Q nside ourselves b in the world around us c nowbere to he found . Do you think they 're beautiful? Why / Why not? b Choose three people or places from your country and tell your group why you think they are the most beautiful. 2 Listening for gist ~ Read the questions and then listen to the song..1' 2 What kinds of problems does the song refer to? a global b fam ilyGPersonal 3 What is the overall tone of the song? @ ptimistic b neutral c pessimistic Song 1 Beautiful .------"Everything has its beauty .. Here are a famous American person and place which many people consider to be beautiful. J) but not everyone sees U Confucius 1 Getting started a Work in groups.Beautiful by Christina Aguilera .

. no. So 11 d on'l yoy bring me down today No matter what we do. no matter what we say. I am beautiful 5 in every single way Yes.. oh. So 6 don't vou bring me down today To all your friends. 'Cause you are beautiful 10 in every s ingle way Yes. How much do you agree with this? Can you think of any occasions when words havo hurt you or someone you know? . So 15 don 't you brillg me clown today . no. Instruments Beautiful . We are beautiful 14 no mailer what they sa y Yes. words can't bring us down... left the puzzle undone. 1 What is the song ahout? Z Why does the subject pronoun change from ''I'' in the first verse and chorus to "you" in the second verse and chorus and then to "we" in the iast verse and chorus? GLOSSARY wonhIlyria sI"_'' ""'" 4 Finishing off Discuss those questions. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. breathe shine 'Cause we are beautiful 13 no mailer what they say Yes. what is it you like? lfnot. words can't bring you down. and six arc repealed. oh. Beautiful Don't look at me Every day is so 1 wonderful then suddenly. words can't bring me down. the piece is gone.3 Listening for deta il ~ a Lislen and complete the song lyrics.. oh . oh no. Nole that the expressions in numoors four. discuss these questions. five. I am beautiful 4 no mailer wh at they say Words can't bring me down . to be consumed in all your doom to feel thaI your situation is so terrible thai you can only feel negative about everything. to be delirious 10 think or talk in a confused way because you are menIally or p hysically ill. I'm so ashamed. words won'l bring us down.. Trying hard to fill the 8 emptiness . to bring someone down to depress someone. no. Is that the way it is? You are beautiful 9 no mailer what they say Words can't bring you down... it's hard to 2 Now and then I get 3 insecure from all the pain. you're 7 delirious So consumed in all your doom. what don't you like about it? Use the ideas on the right to help you. Z There is an expression in English: Slicks and stones con breok your bones but words can never hurt YOII. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And evel)"'Nhere we go the sun will always 12 But tomorrow will find a way on the other side. b In groups.

Monica. for instance. Each one of them knows that if they are down. talk about the questions you chose. there wi ll always be someone 8 tbere for them.. their relationships have their ups and 3 downs • From time to time. In fact. Song2 111Be There ForYou \. or both? 3 Do you have a different relationship with your male and fema le fri ends? 4 How did you meet them? 5 What do you have in common with your friends? 6 Where do you usually hang out? 7 Have you ever really fallen out with any of your fri ends? 8 What kinds of things have you had fi ghts about? 9 How did you manage to make up with them? 10 Have you ever dated any of your fri ends? c In pairs. two oflhe friends have a 4 fight and 5 fall out but before long. while her brother.I . either in their careers or private lives. Read the questions and pick four that you'd like to talk about. you know they're going to 6 make up and become friends again. while two others. 1 Do all your friends know each other or do you have separate groups of fri ends? 2 Are your friends male. have a baby together. Monica and Chandler.. is a chef.. Ross and Rachel. 1 Getting started a Read this text about the American comedy series "Friends" and fill in the blanks. Think about what you can say about the friends you've chosen. But one thing that is constant throughout is their friendship. get married. You can use the words in the box below or your own ideas. settle figh t fall bang there make downs common b Write down the names of two or three of your closest friends. Over the years. two of the characters. Ross..I'll Be There For You by the Rembrandts Fr iends "Friends" is about a group of six young New Yorkers who share apartments and 1 hang out in the same toffee shop_ They don't seem to have very much in 2 common . II looks as if Joey and Phoebe will never rea lly 7 settle down. Ask and answer the other questions if you want to. female . is a paleontologist.. The other characters have jobs ranging from massage therapist to soap opera actor...

:-_ me. no one could ever see me.. or even your year. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your 9 Chorus No one could ever 10 _--"~o w kn ~. Your 8 mother warned you there'd be days like these. Listen and put ur" next to the true sentences and "F" next to the false sentences.. I' ll be there for you pour When the rain starts to 4 I'll be there for you like I've been there 5 before I'll be there for you 'Cause you're there for me 6 too You're still in bed at ten and work began at 7 eight You've burned your breakfast so far. T You're lale for work. And it hasn't been your day. what don't you like about it? Usc the ideas on the right to help you. I'll Be There For You So no one told you 1 life was gonna be this way. Even at my worst... Seems you' re the only one who knows w hat it's like to be me. T 3 This was a great year for you. knees Chorus singer's voice 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. but some of them are not true. F 4 I'll always be your friend.. F I'm an easy person to undersland . things are going great. day with. 2 Have you heard it before? If so.. II's like you're always 3 stuck in second gear. . your week. T 5 6 7 8 I know you' re my friend. your love life is a disaster! stuck in secon d gear This is 8 driving metaphor. how m uch of it di d yo u un derstand before? images central message music instruments .D. your week. your month. yo u could say you're stuck in second gear.2 Listening for gist '-. 1 Everyone told you life wou ld be like this.. 1 Do you like the song? if yes. You can only go very slowly in second gear! So if your life seems to be going nowhere. but ..A. what is it you like? lf llot.~ T hese sentences about the song are in the right order. Your job's a joke.. your ffiDflth. I'm best with you. And it hasn 't been your day. The first two have been do ne fo r you as examples... you're 2 broke your love life's D. J 2 You do n 't like you r job. stands for 'dead on arrival' . Yeah! It's like you're always stuck in second gear. F 3 Listening for detail ~ Read the words of the song and then listen and fill in the blanks. or even your year. but . In other words. Song 2 . make it through all the rest with Someone to face the 11 Someone I'll always 12 laugh with. T Everything's fine today.

. working because b Guess the meaning of the words in bold from the context. the context is work. isn'. For example.-___ a so can'.Cry Me A River by Justin TImberlake 1 Getting started a Match the firs t and second halves of thase sentences. '-. use the same expressions to describe a relationship. Listen and circle the correct answer for each of the questions below. by arriving late for the interview.-€D him~ CE!9'her hi ~ 5ong3 Cry Me A River . in fact I'm sure of it because 5 My whole world came crashing e down when I lost my job · ~ told his colleagues exactly what he thought ofth em. Now. c Now check your answers by matching the expressions in bold with the correct meaning below./ 2 Listening for gist ~ You're going to listen to a song in which a guy tells a girl about their relationship. 4 J bet he's going to give the job to d And rea. we go back to the old one? she's always been his favorite ! 2 She's really blown her chance of b th e job 3 This new computer program is c rea lly messing with my head. 1 He really burned his br idges when he left the company when he . with your parlner. you could say: I bet my brother's going to marry his girlfrie nd. 1 Whose plans were destroyed? 2 Who fo und out about them? 3 Who burned their bridges? 4 Who wasted their opportunity? 5 Who cried a river before? 6 Who's going to cry a river now? h is~ 9 / hcr him. 6 Can you find out why the Intern~ f it meant everything to me. I saw them looking at rings in a jewelry store. a to get information 6 b to seem as if it has been destroyed 5 c to waste an opportunity 2 d to be sure of something 4 e to be driven crazy by something/someone 3 f to make sure there is D O chance of going back 1 d In the sentences above. "'-' it's a mystery to me.

Chorus (Oh) The damage is done so I guess I be 9 leaving You don't have to say what you did. But I bet you didn't think the thing would come crashing down. I 5 refu se : you must have me confused w ith some other guy. don't let that be. al l 4 alone 7 Now you tell me you need me when you call me on the phone. Cry me a river. What things could you say to him to mako him feel beller? . Cry me a river. what don 't you like about it? Use the idoas below to help you. I found out from him. for you and me. You know that they say some things are bener left unsaid. Girl. Cry me a river. 13 already know. But it wasn't like you only 7 talked to him and you know it.3 Listening for detai l ~ Complete the SOilS with the words in the box. Your bridges are burned and now it's your 6 turn to cry. Now there's Just no chance. you made 2 other plans. Why did you leave me. musk: instruments Z Imagine that you wore one of the singer's closest friends. no. no. Then listen and check. And don't it make you sad about it. Cry me a river Go on and just cry me a river 'Cause I've already cried Cry me a river yeah yeah Ain't gonna cry no more. you were my 1 earth But you didn't know all the ways I loved you. for you and me. leaving sad other refuse earth a lready talked honesty alone turn Cry Me A River You were my sun. then you may not have blown it. Cry me a river. Now there's just no chance. yeah yeah 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. I already know. Images central mess. I found out from him . 1 Do you like the song? If yes. what is it you like? If not. don't let that be. You told me you loved me. You should've picked B honesty . And don't it make you 10 sad about it. 50 you took a chance. (Don't act like you don't know it). You don't have to say what you did. AU of the things people told me keep messing with my head .

We're just goi ng to wander around tho city for a few hours. c a a small piece b read incorrectly c to walk without any direction or fixed purpose d become weaker or less bright e throw away f become we ll or whole again c The tit le of the song you are going to hear is "Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me". how might they be connected with a song abou t a relationsh ip? For instance. how could " misreading" be a problem in a relationship? 2 Listening for gist ~ a Listen and put the pictures in the order you hoar them mentioned in the song. 1 Sorry I'm late.I must have mis rea d the address. b The six highlighted words in the sentences below are all in the song. did YO ll learn anythi ng else about what the singer means by the phrase "Don'. his broken leg look several months to hea l. b 2 Pi ease do not discard food containers Oil the beach. I wenl to the wrong street . leI The SUn Go Down On Me . e 3 Unfortunately. h Having listened to the song once.Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John 1 Gett ing started a This song was a big hit for Elton John and George MichaeL Toll your partner anything you know about these Iwo s ingers. then write the number 1 next 10 that picture. For exam ple. r 4 A fr agment of a lost Shakespeare play has beon discovered in tho British library. Thinking ahout the six words in exercise l b and the title. Before you listen to the song. 6 We don'. dry your now I-shirt in the sun .the colors will fade. read the sentences and then match the words with the correct definitions below. if you hoar about a door being closed first. leI the sun go down on me"? 5ong4 Don'. a 5 Don'. d ©. need a map.

Hero are other expressions in English abou t "light" and "hope". There 's /iSht at the end of the tunnel. I can't find.3 Listening for detail ~ a Read tho words of tho song and then listen and fill ill the blanks. c Do you have similar expressions in your language? Tell your partnor about a time whon you needed to use or hoar one of these expressions. "Don't lot tho sun go down on me" cou ld mean "Don't tako away a ll hope". The dorkest hour is just before the dawn. the right 10 romantic line But see me once and see the way I feel Don't discard me just because you think I mean you 11 But these cuts I have they need 12 love harm to help them heal. Look on the hrisht side. what is it you like? If not. there's hope. Were your predictions right? What con nection do the words have with the relationship described in the song? '--- 4 Finishing off a Do you like the song? If yes. words/tyrks images stnger's voke cent. All my pictures seem to fade to black and white tired and time stands still before me I'm growing 2 Frozen here on the :3 ladder of my life. Too late to save myself from 4 falling I took a chance and changed your way of life But you misread my 5 meaning when I met you Closed the door and left me blinded by the 6 light Don't let the sun go down on me 7 Although I search myself. it's always someone else I see I'd just allow a fragment of your life to wander 8 free But 9 losing everything is like the sun going down on me.al message rhythm music chorus instruments b The expression. b Find tho six words you made predictions about in Exercise t c. what don't you like about it ? Use the ideas below to help you. Don't let The Sun Go Down On Me I can't light no more of your 1 darkness . . oh. Where there's life.

o o o 0 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0 o o o .. !II T he Singer begins to question his education ." 2 Listening fo r gist @ Tho song examines diff~rent slages in the si nger's life..... . Here are some opinions about this subject.. Children should be free to study what and when they like.. o o educalion in particular can shape our personality and limit our individuality..... Schools give children the discipli ne they need to beco me useful members of society.. GLOSSARY 10 preserve the sta lus quo to keep things the way they have been traditionally. The mai n purpose of school is to preserve the status quo. T hen compare and discuss your answers with your partner. It is n't the role of a school to teach children what's right and wrong.. CD The singer is happy and open to his world. o III The singer becomes angry and rebellious. AU good schools help chitdren to discover and develop their creativity.. Ch~~ the box thai represe nts yOW" op iniOn for each sontence.. 50095 The logicol Song . W Tho singer is sen t to a school where he is socia lized .The Logical Song by Supertramp 1 Getting started "Tho Logical Song" is about how education in general and sch ool o o 0 o 0 0 School days afe the best days of your life... Predict the order of these slages and then listen to the song and check yo ur answers...

But what do you think? Discuss with your partner whether any of tbese sentences wero true for you or someone you knew. what is it you like? if not. . we'd like to feel you're acceptable. presentable. ~ c Now read lhe song and check your answers. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. Won't you please. be so cynical . responsible. practICal. that is completely a h!>urd ! ' . responsible dependable presentable practical cynical absurd 1 For goodness' sake. oh It was beautIful. The Logical Song When I was young. put on a clean shirt! You've got to be presentahle for tho interview. It was hard 10 get inspired at school . please tell me what we've learned. I was more creative as a child Ihan I am now. a liberal. the 5 questions run too deep for such a simple man. 4 J wish you were a bit more responsi ble about your work: you just don't seem to care.' ~ b Now liston to lho song and numbe r tho words in the box above in tho ordor you hear thom in the song. In the ten years that she has worked with the bank sho bas never been lale fo r work.the leachers wera too cynical. And then they showed me a 4 world where I could be so dependable. when all the world's asleep. I know it sounds absurd.3 Listening for detail a There are II number of adjectives inlhc song.it wasn'l just inlcllcclunl stuff. a fanatIcal 7 criminal ! Oh won't you sign up your name. clinical. S lie's 8 good candidate on papor. Now. Thoro's somo good in everyone. you know. what don't you like about it? Usc tho ideas on the right to he lp you. respectable. watch what you say or they'll be calhng you a radical. We learned plenty of practical subjccls at school. complete the sentences below with the most appropriate adjectivo. but he doesn't have much practical expericnce in everyday business. Io9l<al. There are times. It seemed that life was so wonderful. I cried a lot when I first wont to school. Then listen to the song again 'and fill in the blanks. 1 magical [ And all the bIrds In the trees. G YOli expcct me to bolieve that your dog ate your homework!? Marlin. Thornton is a vcry dependable employee. cynICal. playfully 2 watching mel But then they sent me away 10 teach me how to be 3 sensible . well they'd be sInging so happily. 2 Don'. We wera made 10 feel responsible for our own learning. 3 Ms. oh. a miracle. Before you listen 10 it again. a 8 vegetable I 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. but please tell me 6 who I am. Intellectual. 2 Tho song takes a very nogative view o f growing up and education. Joyfully.

which went straight to the top of the 8 charts in 16 different countries. tell some other students your story. she moved to Manhatta n and start ed pl ayi ng wi th a 4 group called "Wax Poetic". but soon formed her own group. GLOSSARY the Grammy Awards (he mosl important annual awards gi ven to performers and music writers by the American Music Industry. However... In 2004 .. this talent ed 9 songwriter hasn't stopped singi ng her unique blend of country. Norah Jones is the daughter of one of India's most famo us 1 musicians . she has never lived in India... When you're finished. In 1999.. All of the images on page 145 are mentioned in the song. Check that you know all of them. She was brought up by her American mother in Texas. Jones foll owed t his up with the album .. -. gig on her 16th She played her first 2 birthday an d went on to win a number of special 3 awards for her jazz singi ng.. make up a short story with your partner including all the pictures. She went on t o sell nea rly 2 0 million albums in the fi rst t wo years and won eight Grammy Award s. Feels like Home.. Come Away With Me... She began si nging in church when she was five and took up the piano two years l ater.. and blue ~ c You're going to listen to one of Norah Jones' most famous songs. In 2000.... jazz. Before listening..ColT' ~ worldwide success and the title 7 Away With Me was one of the most played songs 0 .1 Getting started a Look at this list of words commonly used when talking about the music world.. but it seemed t hat music was in her blood. the year.. they were signed by America's most famous jazz 5 label "B lue Note" and recorded their first 6 album Come Away With Me. singer/songwriter studio label charts track album touring stage musicians copies gig/concert band/group awards fans b Read this short article and complete the text using some of the words from Exercise la. Since ____ then. Ravi Shankar. Which story is the most romantic / the strangest / the most original? Song 6 Come Away With Me . This was an incredible track . .

discuss these questions.. why not? Use the ideas be low to help you. or romantic? wordsllyrks singer's voke central message rhythm chorus Images musK instruments b In grou ps. . _.. 1 Who do you think . what is it you like? If not. Do you find any of the images in the song beautiful. Come Away With Me Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they can't 1 With their 2 lies I want to walk with you on a cloudy day In fields where the yellow grass grows 3 Knee high So 4 won't you try to come? tempt us Come away with me and we'll 5 On a mountain top kiss Come away with me And I'll never stop 6 loving you For I want to 1 wake up with the rain Failing on a tin roof While I'm 8 safe there in your arms So alii ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me ~ . you'll hear ''I'll write you a song" first.·they" are in verse two? 2 Why does tho singer ask her lover to go away with her "in the night "? 3 Why do you th ink the lovers in the song might need to leave? 4 Do you know any stories of lovers who have run away? . original . 4 Finishing off a Do you liko the song? If yes. so write " 1 " next to that picture.2 Listening for gist Now listen to the song and put the pictures in exercise lc into the order you bear them.. b Wbafs the relationship between the singer and the person she's singing to? 3 Listening for detail ~ a Read the lyrics and check the order of the pictures. For example.. Then listen again and write the missing words.

Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b
Read the role your teacher gives you.

Role C : membe r of local chamber of commerce Role A: local resident
You really do not want the hostel to be built on the land . Before the hospital was burned down, the area was very pleasant to live in. It has deteriorated over the last two years, and you think it will get worse if the hostel is built as it win attract some undesirable people. You think this will affect property prices and will become dangerous for the children in the area. The area is quite bui\t* up and you think the land should become a park, with a children's play area, and maybe a swimming pool. There is an industrial area on the other side of the city, which you feel would be a better site for the hostel. You are also personaUy worried about how this would affect the value of your property. You recognize that such centers are needed, but why on your doorstep? Your concern is the economic weU-being of the city. It used to be a very wealthy city, but that has changed over the last ten years as a number of businesses have moved away. The area of the city under discussion is a prosperous residential area, and you feel that a commercial center, with banks, shops, and businesses would be a much better use of the site. It would encourage the wealthy residents to spend money, and as it is on the outskirts of the city, it would also encourage people from the surrounding area. You could also benefit financially from such a project as you have a building company.

e ess people. Most f homeless people d 0 the problems in the i . 0 not cause alcoholics and dr~~y~~~~r: ~re a few people would stand a '~~c~tbthese chance of 9 tf etter lived . h e mg treatment ;f they m a ostel It wo Id I that the h . u a so mean jobs and could get the city S h e wealth of also h~lp u~ou a development would fru t . r career as you are s rated In your present job.

~;~e t hostel that could tagk:~~~n~~~

~~~:I~s~ re:1 PrOblem in the city with P two smau h:t:isT~re are currently enough beds. This ;ite ~tbithere aren't

Role. B: social worker

Role 0 : local doctor
You can't understand why the old hospital isn't going to be rebuilt. It was a small, old-fashioned hospital -and after the fire all the patients were. moved to the main city hospItal. However, the main _ hospital isn't big enough to cater for the whole city, so another hospital is needed, and there is now the opportunity to build one that is -bigger and more modern, and which could have specialist units. Furthermore, a new hospital would "benefit you personally as your office would probably be incorporated "into the hospital.


Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b

You are relieved that your parents know about your hobby, but you are determined to continue it. However, you know that you are going to have to make some compromises to continue, because you need their support. You also hope that they win buy you a motorcycle for your 18th birthday. You'll have to think of a couple of very good reasons why they should. Be prepared to listen to your parents' arguments and agree to anything sensible. Reassure them th~t you will continue to study and you WIll go to college . You really want a motorcycle, but you'\I wait to get a good one, and you have some money that you can contribute towards the cost.


You are horrified at Emma's hobby and you're very angry that she hid it from ¥ou. You also don't like Jake, her boyfriend, whose bike she uses. You want her to stop motorcycling but you don't want to have a huge argument about it. You're worried that it's dangerous, especially racing .

You are also concerned about Emma's hobby, but you're not as worried as her mother. You know that Emma is a sensible girl and that she doesn't take unnecessary risks. You are worried about the cost of a motorcycle if she continues, though, and the costs of insuring it. You also feel that she should be using a small, not very powerful bike right now, as she hasn't had a lot of experience. You're prepared to pay some of the money towards a motorcycle for her birthday, but not a\1.

Try to persuade Emma to stop racing and to go o~ the motorcycle only in safe, places, I.e. not on main roads. You re aware that she has probably not had a proper course in riding a motorcycle, and offer to pay for one before she gets a bike of her own.

Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 4d Read the next paragraph of the story.

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Exercise 4c/d Choose one part from each of groups 1. 2 and 3 to write your description.

I climbed the chain-link barrier fence while the two brothers took the tension out of the barbwire strands at the top. Enough so I could straddle the fence, get one foot on the concrete wall of the aqueduct and drop some ten or twelve feet to the bottom. Then they lowered the bikes down to me su.s~nded on their belts. We rode for miles dOw~ this grant cOrridor of cement, the wheels of our bikes bumping over the brown lines of caulking used to seal the seams. Except for those seams it was the smoothest, flattest surface I'd ever ridden a bike on. (Story ending: The bo% spend hours bike riding in the aqueduct and through a tunnel, and they are eventually picked up by the police and taken home.)

Group 1

Group 2


Unit 6 Lesson 4 Exercise 7a Read the full version of the story of tho hitchhiker. A friend of 8 friend was driving along the Massachusetts Highway one night when he noticed a young woman walking along the side of the road. Concerned for her safety, he pulled over and asked her if she would like a ride. Without saying a word. she got into the car. As they were driving, he tried to engage her in conversation, but she remained silent and didn't say a single word during the entire journey. At the end of the Highway, he stopped at somo lights. The young woman got out of the car without saying goodbye or thanks. Thinking sho was extremely ungrateful, the man drove off and thought no more about her. A feW days laler he was cleaning his car when he noticed a purse on the floo r. Inside the purse was Ihe address of a house not too far away so he decided to return it to the young woman. when he arrived at tho house, an old man opened the door. The young man exp lained that he had come to return the purse to the young woman who lived there. The old man looked at the purse in amazement. "This purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed in a car accident on tho Massachusetts Highway more than 20 years ago."

Group 3

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Exercise 3 A So, this question. Which of these does not go with the word white? a) meat, b) bread, c) tea, d) egg. B Well, we definitely use white with egg . e Isn't it meat? D Na, I don't think so. Chicken is white meat. e Oh, you're rii ht. A It's c, tea, right? We can have black tea, but we say tea with milk, not white tea, right? D Yes, that's right, so it's c. What's the next question? A What is the name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it: a) the Black Sea, b) the Sea of Marmara, c) the Mediterranean Sea, or d) the Caspian Sea? C Oh, that's difficult. I have no idea. D Well , let's try to figure it out. It isn't the Mediterranean. B No, that's right. And the Caspian Sea is in Russia, I think. What do you think, Laura? A Yes, I think you're right. So maybe irs the Black Sea? C No, I think you're wrong, Laura. I went to the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. D So ... do we all agree that it's the Sea of Marmara? All Yes, let's put that ...

Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 2c So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to bum fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now, we will have run out of them within a couple of generations. We need to look at clean, renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and tidal power. But what is the present government doing? In a word, NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this, our future looks dark, very dark. If pollution continues to increase, our towns and cities will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. We'll be living in a world where, when it rains, it will rain ACID ... acid rain. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Facemasks ... facemasks will have become common in towns and cities. Vou see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemask today, but that's not the norm. Imagine ... a world where every living person wears a facemask. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie, I'm talking about your street, your town, your city ... I'm talking about your world ! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic, so much traffic, ladies and gentleman, that parking will have become a major problem. There will simply not be enough space to park your car. Parking places on the street - fulL Public and private parking lots - full! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. Already gridlock is a common, everyday problem. Imagine in ten years, my friends! Just imagine. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lack of clear policy on genetically modified food: and the way things are going, sadly, much of our food will soon be genetically modified. It may look like the answer in the short term, but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the health of our people? And that's not all. The economy will continue to deteriorate and, as a result, our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels, perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy - a vote for the people party. So on Thursday, vote for us, vote for ...

Answers and scores
Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise zb
Un it 4 Develop your writing Exer cise s b Compare this model paragraph with the one you have written.

Figure out your partner's score llnd read the analysis. Do you agree?


_ _ _'_ '_._

_ _

._ _ - -. ~ - . -1--

Internet addict or Internet phobe?

1 a3 2 a1 3 a1 4 a3

b2 b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b2 01


5 a1 6 a1 7 a3

b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b 2 01

An a lYSis

18-21 : You're hooked on the Internet! If you don't start cutting back soon you may end up "disconnected" from the rea l world!
11-17: You have a healthy interest in information technology but you balance it with an interest in ~reallife". 7-10: Is your life affected at all by recent developments in

Ji-rwlLy, there is the quesb:on. rf fw.,edgm. and oLtgai:vm.s in tk fa-wLJi. On. """ ,",wi, _ Imngs duua. On 1M dheo-, " 1m"!!, ~. ')rkm. fw.,edgm. and ~ are nd 6aLa-need, there is cqn,f{jd. JOy exa'"rnfle, a !:ee?lL1ffY -wanis f:.o go !:o a po;.ty and tk pJ.;yenis dIJ nd -wani tIwm. f:.o ffJ. )tow can flus ccnftid be ewied. l /3df.. pa..ties -need 'WOYk. /;0 u">Ui.e:r1;a.nd the dhc:Ys peYSpx1:i've and I:d..e ~ fq,- theiy O>+n adions. .k paYenls -need f:.o 5Iurw theiy ciuld.Yen I:.Iu1l -wJh fw.,edgm. COmeS ~, so chi!d.Yen need 5Iurw paren1:s t/uU; !:ky can -manage t/uU; ~. In my w"W, the I:ee~ sIwuld.. tei1l:J-.ei.y paYems wf1ere t-ky aYe gccng, ..,.,.fll1f; k'»le !:ky ...dt niurn. fu:rme, and ask. ~ !:o go.




~y tkn needs !:o fuLfill theiy otligalwn. £wY]! b.'»Ie a paYe:n1 and a ciuld.'s /::rn1; is wi fmi<.e.n, freedom ...dt i~. Of cau:r!e, alL !:fu.s is ea5[ey sad I:f.an done. Hc»e-yey, by tnd and em?Y a-nd. genu..?1£ Lo-ve and wn.dedandJ.-ng fa~ can 6ecurne ewn. ~.

Information Technology? You are in no danger of getting hooked bu t it may be a good idea to explore the Internet a little more: it might enrich your life rather than limit it.

Un it 5 Develop your learning Exercise lb Check the key to the questionnaire.

Uni t 4 Lesson 3 Exercise l b

25·36: An excellent score! You're getting lots of good practice and if you
keep doing these things your confidence can only grow. As they say, the best way to improve your speaking is to speak and you're certainly doing that . But that doesn't mean you should sit back and relax. Keep looking for ways to challenge yourself.

Look at the analysis for your score. Do YOli agree?

Your score
M ostly a: you're a fa ir-weather friend, You use your friends and see them when it suits you, but drop them Quickly if you no longer want their friendship. Do you have any old friends?

13-24: You're doing a lot of things riglit. Congratulations! But don't stop
there. There are still opportunities to take. Look down the list and see what you can work on . And although having imaginary conversations with yourself in English may sound half crazy, it does work. So build on the good work you're dOing!

Mostly b: you're a very good friend. but you're probably not quite as honest In friendships as you should be. You don't say what you think. so people don't always believe what you say. Mostly c: you 're a great friend. You probably have a lot of close friends because you are very caring and loyal. You make friends easily and keep friends fOl" a long time.


Things aren't too bad and can only get better. Most people feel uncomfortable speaking in a foreign language but one thing is for sure - it will only get better if you work at it. Start by speaking more in class. You can also record yourself speaking English or have imaginary conversations ;n English. It rea lly helps. So start today - life's too short to miss opportunities and you never know where English could take you. Good luck!

U n it 4 Lesson 4 Exer cise 38 Check your answers

ami re"d the analysis for you.

Un it 7 Lesson 3 Exercise lc Read the analysis for your score. Do you agree?

a - O b- I c - l a -I b- O c - l a-O b - I c - l a -I b - l

a -O

b- I

c - O c - O

c -I

You haven't learned how to be assertive, have you? You shou ld take credit for the work you do and make more of your career opportunities. Don't let people take advantage of you _ You have your beliefs and you stand up for them, but you also respect the rights of others to express t heir views _You've gotten a good balance into your life. confident but you should try and show more consideration for other people's feelings and views.


Well, you're very honest (If you've answered the quiz honestly, of courser). Lying or cheating really isn't your thing, is ttl Good for your 9-19: You have been known to lie or try to cheat the system a IJttle, but who hasn't' There may be the odd occasion when being a little dishonest Is acceptable, but don't do it very ottent 20-32: Have you really told the truth in answering the questions or is that not In your nature' Your score suggests that you think nothing of being dishonest - but what do other people think about this!
Unit 9 Lesso n 2 Exercise lb Check your ans wers to th e 1.Q. puzzles.


7· 12. You've become a bit too aggressive: it's good to be

1 c 2 d 3 b 4 The man is very short and can't reach the
bulton for th e 10th floor.

Communication activities


Student A
Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise lb Read the text about SlIlma Hayek's cnrl y life. Complete the graph.

soap opera
went to

moved to LA

became an



went to school in Louisiana kicked out
of school




dropped out of university

Livin' the Vida Loca

5alma Haye k is the first Mexican actres~ to Hollywood movie star Since become a R' Ha ek was bom in Veracruz, Dolores De lio. Y 2 1966 He r parents M 'co on Septem ber, . eXI, a rivate Catholic school in

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exen::ise 1 b Read the text about ka rate. then go back to page 82.

sent her to


11 The school
• . behave

Louisiana whe n she was

expelled h e r because she used to mls constantly. and so she had to return

In college she stu

Karate is a form of martial art originating over two thousand years ago in India. However, it is now known as a Japanese martial art: it was brought to Japan via China and became established there in the 17th century. The word karate means "empty hand", which describes the open hand technique used now - the sport used to involve closed fist fighting before it evolved into its present form. The aim of karate is to be in total control of the muscles in your body so that you can use them with force and accuracy. Experts often break objects to show mental and physical training but when

Martial arts:
they fight, their blows do not make physical contact. The sport is based on attacks with the feet or the hands, but the force and momentum comes from the hips, so good balance and hip rotation is everything. Many people take up karate as self-defense, although for many others the martial art and the philosophy behind it form a way of life.

d' d Intemational Relations

but she didn't finish her studies; instea • ~ e d out with the intention of becoming droppe arents didn't agree at fi~st, an actress. Her p ' d to goong h Hayek wasn t use bU~i:~~hh:~gparents' wishes, she ~ollo",:ed ~er



~;stincts. Her first break w;S gett~~;~o:ul: i~

local theate r, which didn t pay . Then she got a starrmg . was good experience. The role in a popularTV soap opera. Tereso . . Hayek famous m shoW'S success ma d e . Mexico. Despite her success, she deCided to quit the show and to move to L.A. to make a career in Hollywood.

misbehave act in an unacceptable way instincts natural feelings


martial to do with war or fighting
momentum the rorce thai keeps something moving


Communication octivities

ne\"er been a serious faminc •. the movie that followed F o .e. five years .The alternative is to plant a kind of grass that gelS nd of the insects. and Dogma (1999). On th e contrary.. a tee n thriller. there is an unp redIctabIlity and uncertainty in genetic modific3tion because of a 13Ck of knowledge about how genes work. say. not expensIve technology.. tcchnical solution thai wlil lead to orner problems later. Grecnpeacc says food supply is nOI the issue.S. In the sam e year. GM food: the arguments against Although we haven't proved that ~M ~~ps are dange rous. Frida Kahlo. T h is solution used local materials. UtaI s. example. Even dun ng the famines in Ethiopia. Till Dawn ( 1996). GLOSSARY pursue to follow a courso of action bomb (in this context) to be a failure GLOSSARY biotechnology science basad on cells and bacteria ban stopping someone from doing something Communication aetMties 151 . Hayek spent her first yea r learn ing English and sh e also learned to drive. biotechnology provides resistance to certam insects but only for 3 period of. The film wa s a huge success in the U. in any country whcre merc·s been a democracy. Unfortunately. We want 3 global ban on GM .. BUI we must ha\"C 3 right to look carefully al those that are da ngerous. ® Dogma Despemdo The Faculty Frida was a huge success learned to drive @ ® ® good ® learned English From Dusk TIll Dawn bombed Wild Wild West bad Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 311 Livin' the Vida Loca Although Hayek was use d to considerable success and fam e in Mexico. rom usk. Instead. ~ unger in the world is to do wi th mo ney.S. Haye k had a starring role in Wild Wild Wen. bombe d at the box. For . office. which a lso starred Will Smith a n~ Kevin Kline. was a success With both critics a nd audiences.StudentB U nit 2 Lesson 1 Exer cise 1b Read the text and complete the graph about Sa1ma Hayek's life after sho moved from Mexico to the U. Th. The actress got her first big break in 1991 when she starred in My Crazy Life. did muc h be ~ter.. the film was a disaster. In late 2002. she used to avoid the movie crowd when she first arrived there. which starred Antonio Banderas I put Haye k on the Hollywood map: Unfortunately. We 3re not saying that all GM cropS arc dangc rous. He r next moyie Desperado. This was done with corn and the crop doubled. Haye k released Frida base d on the life of the fa mous M exica~ painter. ~e GM solution is 3 quick. the government exported f~ from there because that was the way me economiC ".. and the grasses were used to feed anim~ls. which is why wc muSI find alternatives. They won't be. There are other \~ays that can acmallY provide a better long-term solunon. d systcm \\-"O. she decided not to pursue her career immediatety in LA.-'. Road th e arguments against GM foo d and complete the table on page 106. The Faculty (1998).

no. So consumed in all your doom. she is saying that everybody shou ld feel confident about being positive and "'beautiful". Is that the woy it is? Song 1 T 134-13S Beautiful . Trying hard to fill the emptiness. no. oh. You may need to play it more than once. ("ugly" and as hamed because she's famous and has too much exposure). no molter whot we soy. No molter what we do. Yes. Answers: The song is ahout how everybody is beautHul inside. Sa don·t you bring me down today. • 1Iemative Put studen ts in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 3b. Yes.Units 1 &2 Beautiful Lead in by Christina Aguilera Bring in your own pidures of beautiful people and things: pop and film stars. In the chorus. oh. 4 Finishing off Discuss lhe questions in Exercise 4 as a class. oh. Ask students to listen and complete the lyrics. So don·t you bring me down today. no. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions in Exercise 2 carefully as a class. I'm so ashamed. etc. and saying tbat they should feel beautiful. In the last verse and chorus. 1 Getting started Put students in groups of four or five to do the task in Exercise 1. In the first verse the singer is singing about how she feels. Don't look at me Every day is so wonderful then suddenly. Now and then t get insecure from all the poin. To all your friends you're delirious. words con·t bring us down. Yes. Words can't bring you down. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And ~erywhere we go the sun will always shine. Play the song. 10m beautiful in ~ery single way. So don't you bring me down today. no. Words con·t bring me down. locations in students' countries. oh. or piny and pause. You ore beautiful no molter what they soy. teft the puzzle undone. and should have the confidence to feel beautiful. even if other people are criticizing them. Let students check their answers in pairs. Yes. irs hard to breathe. I am beautiful no molter what they soy. Use these pictures when doing the group work task in exercise 1 . words can't bring you down. Ask students to listen and choose the best answe r. We ore beautiful in fNCry single way. ·Couse you ore beautiful in ~ery single way. 3 Listening for detail Play the song agnin. ~~---------------------------------------------------. words con't bring me down. Students have to listen and "choose" the wo rd they hear. the pieces gone. she is speaking directly to the people listening to her. too. Preseillalion If students have problems hearing the missing words. words won't bring us down. Addiflonol activity What makes a person beoutifvl? Ask students to work in small groups to make 0 list of five or six things thot make a person beautiful inside and/or outside. 'Couse we ore beautiful no molter what they soy. But tomorrow will find a wayan the other side. write them at random on the board.

but . Then put them in pairs to discuss their answers. rll be there for you When the rain storts to pour I'll be there for you Uke rve been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing as a class. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. but . you're broke. your month. Someone rll always laugh with. no one could ever see me. Your job's a joke. buy a house. . Addi1ional acIivity 6S~-------------------------------------------------------------------. Ask students to listen and fill the rest ofthe blanks. So no one told you life was gonna be this way. rm best with you. I'U be there for you When the rain storts to pour 111 be there for you Uke I've been there before 111 be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Ask What are the names of the characters? What do they do? Can you remember any words from the theme song? 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the text with the words in the box. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your knees that . 2 Listening for gist Ask students to read through the statements carefully. A friend is forever. When it hasn1 been your day. etc. Even at my worst. make rt through all the rest with I'll Be There For You T1 36-137 Song 2 . ask three or four students to tell the class what their partner told them. And it hasn't been your doy. A friend is someone you can trust. Ask students to listen and write T or F. You're sfill in bed ot ten and work began at eijght. Give students three or four minutes to prepare answers to the questions they have chosen. In the feedback. Vocabulary connected with friends: share on apartment = live in the same apartment Vocabulary hong oul (with friends I in cofesl = spend lime together fall oul = hove an argument and slop being friends make up = apologize and be friends again sett!e down = stop being young and "free" . Your mother wamed you there'd be days like these. your week. have babies. @ ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask student to read the words of the song carefully. your love life's D. Play the song for Exercise 2.. etc. Play the song again. Seems you're the only one who knows what irs like to be me. things are gOing great. Ask students to share their ideos with the class. I'll be there for you When the rain starts to pour I'll be there for you Uke I've been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Yeah! trs like you're arways stuck in second gear. and fill in any blanks they can remember. For example.and get married. You've burned your breakfast so far. Someone to face the day with.Units 3 &4 I'll Be There For You by The Rembrandts Lead In Ask students what they know about Friends. or even your year. or even your year. No one could ever know me. your month. your week. A friend is . Ask students in pairs or small groups to complete the sentence starter above in five different ways.OA Irs like you're always stuck in second gear.

you must hove me confused with some other guy. yeah IOhi The damage is done So I guess I be .. Play the song for Exerc. lOon" hove to sa(. here. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. cry me) Cry me a river. Oh Cry me a river IBoby go on and justl ~ Cry me a river rfou can go on and just) Cry me a rivef. And don't it make you sod about it. oh (Cry me. I refuse.Units5& 6 Cry Me A River by Justin Timberlake Lead in Write Cryan Ihe board. Girl. ask. oh (Cry me. oh Cry me a rivef. cry me) 5ong3 T138·139 Cry Me A River .. for you and me. Cry me a river Cry me a river Cry me a rivef You know tho1 they SCI'i some things ore betrer left unsoid. yeah yeah IOhi The domoge is done So I guess I be leaving. Elicit responses from the class and discuss the answers to Exercise 1 a to le. I refuse. oh Cry me a river. you must hove me confused with some ather guy. As you elicit answers. 3 Listening for detail Ask students to try to complete the song with the words in tbe box. 1 000l ad like you don" know it). You don'. all olooo? Oh the domoge is done so I guess I be leaving. whot you did.. Ask When did you losl cry? Whot kinds of things make you cry? What do you think Cry me a river means? 1 Getting started Ask students to match the sentence halves and then check their answers in pairs. who! you did) I already know. singer telling boy/girlfriend why the relationship is over. Cry me a river IGo on and lustl Cry me a rivef IBoby go on and jus!) Cry me a river IGo on and just! Cry me a rivef ICouse rve already cried! Cry me a river. (Cry me. oh """"' be. SUI you didn't know oillhe ways I loved you. Oh down. l lound CUI from him. lrm not like them baby) Your bridges were burned and ncm irs your tum Itt's your turnl To cry. all alone? Now you teH me you need me when you coil me on the phone. Before they do the lask. who! you did. hove to SCI'i. Additional acttvity Rale·play one of the situations suggested by the song: friend trying to make singer feel better. go bock? Ask students how they would express the idioms in theif language. II already know! Now there's just no chance. !When you call me on the phone] Girt. I found ou1 from him. yea·yeol Cry me a rivef Cry me a rivef. no. So you took a chonce. Your bridges were burned me when you call me. Let them discuss ideas with a partner. Ask students in pairs to try to use the vocabulary in the context of relationships. yeah yeah IAin1 gonno cry no more. refuse is a verb.. cry me) Cry me a river. whot you did. on Ihe phone. you and mel And don't it make you sod abou' it. Idioms You could explore the idiomatic nature of some of the language In feedback. uh) Now there's just no chance. point oul to students thai. I found out from him. and mode other pions. for you and me. II already know. Why did you leave me. then you may not have blown it. ~ '" You were my sun. You tokl me you loved me. ~ WOSI"I11ike you only talked 10 him and you know it. leaving. cry me) Cry me a river. there11 never be... What does burn bridges literolly mean? Why is il a good metaphor for saying you can'.ise2 . Cry me a river IGo on and just) Cry me a river IGo on and jus!I Cry me a river IBaby go on and just) Cry me a river yeah. 1"\0. You don" hove 10 sa(. there11 !AI olonel Now you tell me you need . you and me) And don'l it make you sod about it. Now there's just no chance. For example. (Danl hove to soy. All of these thilgs people lOkI me keep messing with my head. INa chonce. I already know. for you and me. oh Cry me a river. Cry me a river. oh ICry me. Ask students 10 listen and check. who! you didl I already know. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions carefully.be. ~ Note Play the song again.. [Messing with my head) You should've picked honesty. You told me you loved me INtrv did you leave me.. Ask students to listen and circle the correct answer. there'll INa chance. you were my earth. note some good contextuaiized examples of the language and write them on Ule board . You don·t hove to SCI'i. But I bel you didn1 think your thing would come crashing and now it's your turn to cry. Oh the damage is done So I guess I be leaving.

writing with Bernie Toupin. Play the song again.e the sun going doWTl on me. don11et the sun go down on me AIIhough I search myself. he hod a 101 of lop len hils. Ask students to discuss how the words might connect to the song in pairs. Play tho song and ask students to listen and order the pictures. Ask students to listen and fill in tho blanks.Units 7 & 8 Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John Bring in pictures of.-------------------------------------------------------------------. He become famous in 1982 when he and his friend Andrew Ridgley hod lOP len hils as the pop bond Whom! His best-known albums are Faith and Older. All my pictures seem 10 fade to black ond white rm growing tired ond time stands sUIl before me Icon1 find the right romantic line But see me once and see the W!rf I feel Don1 discord me just because you think I mean you harm Butlhese cuts I hove they need lave to help them heal. so he is Sir Elton John. oh. ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask students to road the song carefu lly.. and tell each other what they think might be happening in cach. Lead in 1 Getling started Elicit as much information about George Michael and Elton Jobn as you can from students. ~ 4 Fi nishing off Discuss lho questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Elton John andlor George Michael. Answer: "The sun going down" here means the end of the relationship .. He is famous for his outrogeous clothes and glosses. Geof'ge Michael George Michael was born in london )0 Greek parents. then it will be like the night falling. In the feodback. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to look at the pictures in pairs. Monitor and prompt. He was knighted in 1998. His real name is Giorgos Kyriatou Ponayiotou. Additional activity ~~. I'd just allow a frogmenl of your life 10 wonder free. irs always someone else Iholl see. Dh. . Frozen here on the ladder of my life.e the sun going down on me. I con'tlight no more of your darkness. Ask students in groups of three to think of a singer or bond they know well. or CDs by.if the singer's lover does not return. His most famous song is CondIe in the Wind. and prepare to present a brief description under these headings: childhood influences career songs gossip Ask one person in each group to make the group's presentation. Ask students in pairs to match the words to definitions. including Rockel Man and Crocodile Rock. Too lale to save mysell from falling I look a chan<:e and changed your way of lile But you misread my meaning when I met you Oosed the door and left me blinded by the light Don'tlel the sun go down on me Although I search myself. Have a brief d iscussion in feedback about what the title ofthe song might mean. encourage students to share their best ideas.. Use these 10 elicit ideas and information about the singers. 'Cause losing everything is lik. and see if they can remember or guess the missing words. irs always someone else tholl see I'd just allow a fragment of your life 10 wander free 'Couse losing everything Is lik. Don·t let the sun go down on me Allhough I seorch myself. Culture note E1ton John Ellon John was born in England in 1947. baby. His feol nome is Reginald Dwight He become famous in the 19705 when. Don·t let The Sun Go Down On Me T 140-141 Song 4 . Irs always someone else I see I'd just allow a frogment of your life to wonder free Bullosing everything is like the sun going dOWTl on me.

well they'd be singing so happily. please tell me what we've learned. when all the world's asleep. the questions run so deep for such a simple man. who have to guess which word they are describing. or words they come up wi fh in the lead in. -able. a miracle. please tell me what we've learned. but please tell me who I am. a liberal. a fana tical. practical. and check their answers with a partner. Elicit answers from the class and find out who believes school is useful and who thinks it is harmful. Ask students to fill in the blanks. Ask students to number the words in the correct order. when all the world's asleep. They have to write a sentence fhat defines and contexlualizes each word they hove chosen. They read their words aloud to the other learn in Iheir group. oh it was beautiful. Find out which pair gal the most. Won't you please. There are times. playfully watching me! But then they sent me awoy to teach me how to be sensible. and -af on the board. When I was yaung. joyfully. a criminal! Oh won" you sign up your nome. cynical. clinical. Divide each group into two teams of three. I know it sounds absurd. responsible. Song 5 T142-143 The logical Song . Addltionalocttvity ~8 - Ploy -guess the word. and ask them to read out their list.oble. Then play the song so that students can check their ideas. magical! And all the birds in the trees. presentable. intellectual. you please. Pronunciation note Note that the stress goes on the syllable just before -ible or . a vegetable! At night. Won'. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. the questions run 100 deep for such a simple man. Ask each team to choose four -ible.Units9& 10 The Logical Song Lead in by Supertram p Write -able. Ask students in pairs to write as many English adjectives as they con thol end with these suffixes in one minute. Now. watch what you say or they'll be calling you a radical. we'd like to feel you're accep. logical. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to decide on the order of stages." Divide the class into groups of six. but please tell me who 10m. I know it sounds absurd. respectable. it seemed that life was so wonderful.able. And then they showed me a world where I could be so dependoble. play the song again. Let students read thro ugh the song to check their answers. or -a/words from the lesson. Play the recording again. 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the questionnaire. 3 Listening for detail Once students have completed the sentences in Exercise 3a with the adjectives. -ible.

Put students in pairs to create a story using the pictures. AddIIIonaI actMIy ~'-----------------------------------------------------------. 2 Listening fo r gist Play the song. and have them tell their group their idea for the story. Ask students to fill in the blanks.Units 11 & 12 Come Away With Me by Norah Jones Bring in a large picture or pictures of a rock band or pop singer. 3 Listening for detail Let students read through the song to check their answers. Elicit one or two short stories for the class to hear. ask questions )0 make sure students know the more djfficult words. In feedback. Role-play an interview with Norah Jones. Play the recording again. Lead In 1 Getting started Ask students to discuss the words in pairs and look up unknown words in their dictionary. Brainstorm and write on the board as many words as you con connected with the subjed of rock music. Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they con't tempt us With their lies Iwant to walk with you on a cloudy doy In fields where yellow grass grows Knee high 50 won" you try to come? Come away with me and we'll kiss On a mountain top Come away with me And I'll never stop loving you For I wont to wake up with the rain Falling on a tin roof While I'm safe there in your arms 50 0111 ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me Come Awoy With Me T144-145 Song 6 . ~ 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 in groups and as a class. for example: What do you call the place where bonds record musiC? (studio) Whol is a live show by a band in a bar or club called? Igigl Ask students to complete the text with words from Exercise la and then check with a partner. Student B is Norah and has to read the biographical details in exercise Ib again so that he or she is ready to answer questions. splitting the original pairs. Student A is the interviewer and has to prepare questions to ask. Then put students in groups of four or five . Ask students to listen and label the pictures.

head.. what does the word circuldrion mean? (ANSWER: The number of copies sold every day. shin. etc. T 260 QuizCords OEtIiIoricIMocniIondeMl!xko. theatres.no is aggressive_ If the opposite team guesses the adjective correctly.someone. bottle. heel. toes.3? (ANSWER: eating) 1 What do we call the father of your wife or husband? (ANSWER: father-in-law) 4 What do you call those two lines of hair above your (?yeS? (ANSWER: eyebrows) S What is the colledive name for a massive number of trees in a tropical region.s. Oh. mouth. and don't move back. On a piece of P<lper and wi thout speaking a word.) Name three things you would expect to see on a language 6 school's social program. llUiz shows. (ANSWER: exam ples might include visits to museums. dear! Teday's not your day.nere it rains a Iot7 (ANSWER: a rainforest) 6 'IoIhat do yo u suffer from the next day if you have drunk too much alcohoP (ANS WER: II hangover) 7 What do you call old or broken th ings wh ich are worthless? (ANSWER: junk) 8 Can you give me five different features of the human face? (ANSWER: chin. (ANSWER: abdomen. and natural landmarks. fingers. hand. 7 8 9 historical sights. pack. Vocal (the way you solllld) and Verbal (w ha t you say). wrist. Move back two spaces.Quiz cards Entenainment 2 . people evaluate each other using the 'three Vs'. foot. Stay put! S 6 7 8 \.? (ANSWER: football) 3 What do you (aU a magazine that you read on the Internet? (ANSWER: an e--zine. forehead. elbow.) Don't move forward. SAdeC. I repeat you cannot speak! If they guess correctly. The word combines two words: 'electron ic' an d ' magazine'. shoulders. 2006 . (ANSWER: boxing) Wild Card People Name the lead singer of the British rock band. (ANSWER: talk shows.) 4 Can you name the man who developed the theory of 'multiple intelligences'? (ANSWER: Gardner) S 1Nhich disease does Muhammed Ali suffer from? (ANSWER: Parki nson 's) 6 What was the infamous couple Bonnie and Clyde so well known for? (ANS\¥ER: Robbing banks) 7 What is the opposite of an introvert ? (ANSWER: An extrovert) 8 1Nho was the infamous German leader during Wood War II? (ANSWER: Adolf Hitler) 9 According to one study. If the opposite team guesses correctly.) 4 5 Can you give me the name of three famous Reality TV programs? (ANSWER: Big Brother..<ooliouedfmmpogen291 Words Is a tabloid newspaper small or big in size? (ANSWER: small) 2 What do you stop doing if you suffer from anorexi. carton.. fist . your team can move fOfWard one square_ Give eight different words for containers. /)0'(. you can move forward one space _ (ANSWER: tube. Mime this film .V.) Name the sport where two people wea ring special gloves fig ht each other in a ring. waist. !l nd bag. tub.papef has a massive drculiJtion.. your team I1'IOYe5 fOfWard two spaces. special ceJooI'8tions such as Thanksgiving.Lord of the Rings: The Two Tovvers.) 10 What is the informal word for not having any money? (ANSWER: broke) What or who was 'Pong'? (ANSWER: The first video game) What kind of program has the highest audience ratings in the U. Tem ptation Island. move fOfWard two spaces. movies. (ANSWER: Mick Jagger) 2 Which famous Australian actor directed a film about Jesus Christ? (ANSWER: Mel Gibson) 3 Name five parts of the human body.] What does DVD stand for? (ANSWER: Digital Versatile Disk) Name five different kinds of TV program. What are they? (ANS WER: Visual (the way you look). famous places. movie houses.. jar. bottom. eyebrows. ears. clubs. can. box. hip. If you are successful. Sing a song in English or move back two spaces_ Mime this type of person . draw a picture of someone in the class so that the other team can guess their identity.. nose) 9 lNhat is an 'Fl Student Visa' used for? (ANS\\'ER: Students who want to study in the U. knee. your team can move forwa rd one square.S. armpit.. need th is type of visa to enter and study there. eyes. etc. ankle. eyelids. America's Next Top ModeL ) In the sentence The newy. current affairs. The Rolling Stones. calf. lips.. It might also include sports and SI)Or1 ing events as welt as discos.. for example. 10 By what name was the terrorist Inich Ramirez Sanchez better known? (ANSWER: Carlos the Jackal) 1 2 3 4 Stand up and whistle a song by any English-speaking group_ If you do this successfully. thigh. documentaries. drama.

to me they have the dynamism of movies.the use of color is fantastic. they start from as young as six and ploy till they be<ame young adults. I think port of it is that boys seem to be attracted to new technology more than girls. so whot oboutlhe harmful effects? You know. they hove on active role. I've been designing them since the . they involve the players in imaginative WfSo/S. Johnny Well.. some people say videa games have bod effects on the people who ploy them. Friend Yeah. Friend Sounds awful. and especially teenoge boys. If yoU're looking for realistic entertainment. Friend Why do you think irs mostly young guys. but you can ploy them at horne. like.thaI's nat just for men or boys. and they do tend to be young guys . ~53 '-------------------. A good example 01 this type is Commando . I've only heard of Tomb Raider.all for the boys. Johnny No.it was called Pong. one of the most popular Kinds of videa game is the 'heroic action" game. I don't understand. For Exercise 2 an Page 114 . That just means irs full of adventure and monsters and lots of pretty violent odion. You know. but sadly I think the things that may make them attradive to guys are the adion and the violence in so many of them. I bet iI's all boys and yaung guys.. Friend Mmm. In the movies the viewers are passive.. so I'd soy they ollrad all ages from six to sixty. For Exercise 2 on Page 1I4 . Audiascripts T 261 . no . Johnny You bet! I remember the first videa game . Johnny Some Kind of thing.. The thing \ really like about them is the dynamism . Ihe early 80s. Friend Kinds of games? What do you mean? Johnny Well.you moy have heard of iI. Do you think . there's the horror video game. like Pro-Evolution Soccer. Ronalda. something that really allrods people to videa games is the grophks . I dunna . Bed:hom... There are video games involving magic and mythological sellings . Friend Pong!? Johnny Yeah! Anyway. Johnny? Is il computer programming? Johnny Sort of -I design videa games. And they hove the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books .. Part 3 Friend . and you can make up your own dream team.. But since then Videa games have been getting more and more sophisticated. Friend fr. who are attracted to ~ i deo games? Johnny II"s difficult to soy. there are loIs of sports videa g<lmes. ThaI's a long time! Friend Yeah.the grophks these days are incredibly ollroctive and real. the early days. the people who play videa games are mostly young.. over 20 years. Then they're simple to ploy. like the horror movie...you can find plenty of adults playing. Then. as you can imagine. whoever. But whot kind of people do they allrac!?' bel irs all . We know bays tend to be mare violent than girls ..For Exer cise 2 on Page 114 "Port 1 Friend So what exoctly is it you do. then videa games ore a good choice. in which you can lake on Ihe identity of your favorite soccer player. There must have been a 101 of changes since then.. Butl think that really the commerciol success of video games is that they appeaito all ages . yeah. I guess I can see that. Friend Not really my scene. There are so many different kinds of games now. And of course. of course. thaI's not true. Something thaI really annoys me oboul these games is the way they're all so mole-oriented . What is it that makes these videa games so papular? 52~---------------------------------------------------. Zidone. Port 2 Friend What is it that makes these video games so popular? Johnny Well. the instrudions are really obvious. il appeared in 1972 and il was pretty bosic. A classic of this type is Alone in Ihe Dark. either.. something like Zelda is a successful example of this type. 1M above all. too. but in video games they toke port.

5 speaker 4. 2 know. a few holr's. 4 risilg. 3 1. 8 ~it 1 !llQ(ley. 6 already. 6 f~. 3 a 4 b. 4 False. 4 dIAl. 7 l!lliery. 6 False. 5 team. 5 AdriMa Exercise 6 1 That's. 11 generous. 3 speaker 2. 2 fallilg. aJYOIl8: 7 '/ohlal. 6 SErious. 4 ~ 5 a .5 c. S True. 7 Wus. 5 are. 3. 9 True. 3 Qlit. 8 False Exercise 6 1 generous. 2 OI"gar1i2ed. 9. rane: 5 o::vmon. 9 h.. 8 False Exercise 5 Exercise 2 1 interested. 3 fame. 4 COI.Z. 8 " terest Unit 3 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6~ 7L 8a Unit 1 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 active. 4 hadn't Ixu. last week. 2 chat. S recenUy. 4 speaker I. 6 caIed. 82. 10 aware. 4 judgment. 9 progran. 3 dowIioad. 6 am cooI<.trt. 2 inyWment 3 ~. 8 WhaI. 40. 5 conservative. 2 worM. 3 False. 4 Adriana. 6 False. 8 cash: 9 ~ 1 SInCe. 7 I believe you den'. 3 cold. 3 means. 5 made. 7 'm not dci1g. al nne o'clock Exercise 5 I C. 4 was used to. 2 interest 3 SU'P'ise. 8 sh::e Exercise 2 For: 25 years. 3 True. 6 hazel. 6 interest 7 St. 8 conversatoo.6.n. 5. 2 TM. a week. I. 10 M . 2 h. 2 isn't used to gattng~: 3 used 10 hate. 4 opened. 6 bored. S TM Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l allactment. 6 False. 7 played. 6 doesn't have. 7 active. 2 was. 3 1wish I hadn't spool aI my money.!. II crash. Exercise 6 1 nsilg. 8 ta1ing Exercise 2 1 amm. 4 emoIicon. 2 Grace McBride. 3 conversatoo I. 4 True. 3 altraclive. dressed. 7 ddn1. 7 True. 3 Have you seen Mile yet? 4 The gossp has just started. S False.Jl. 5 doY. 9 e>!pIaned.Idl /c( a bad ~ ieI 'Ce. 8 calls Unit 2 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I I wish I were lamous.oersaIion 4. 5 c.8 Exercise 5 1 I have aready read this book. 2 nterestO'. 3 rot'l'lMtic. 8 I have neyer heard aJYIhilg so Exercise 2 1 's doing. 3 . 3 False.. 2g. 2 fl. 2d. 8 just Exercise 4 1. 6 appealing. 7 ~ed. 12 website Exercise 2 l c. 5 bored.~ Exercise 2 1 d. 4c Exercise 4 """'.4. 6 False. 5 tasci1atng. 9 a1traction Exercise 4 1 False. 8 scaed Exercise 2 1 used to take. 5 risi'lg. 5 ~. 2 FalSe. 10 False Exercise 4 I True. 5 lor.tl fly. 8 True. 2 False. Conv£wsation B is about paying too IllJCh /c( scmething.Tioad. ttls anernoon. March. 2 speaker 3. 8d Exercise 6 1 crine. mecn. 2 fri9"ds. 7 L 8 b - Exercise 6 1 COIl'o'eI'SaIoo 2.. 8 e True. 6 opened. 3 'Iirus. 14 Unit 2 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Down: 1 alford. a "terested wrow. 5 Grace McBtide. 3 /aIIi). 6 orb. 7 the job . Exercise 6 Across: 5 fortune. 3 cn. 4 corwersa100 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 5 ~ 6 a. eiglt r'I'IhJtes Since: 2003. 10.5. ConversatlCtl Eis about someone's Exercise 7 1 True. a a Exercise 5 1 Bi!lie. 4 conservative. a j. 5 True. 5 QLDeI . 8 f 1 didn'. 4 False. 9 borI1g. 4 a. 7 g. 7 f9C0QrMze. 6 used la. six. S like.4tl. 71. 2 i.I'pise. Conversation 0 is about paying too fl'k. 2 graduated from. 7 casI1. 4 Exercise 5 1 speaker I. 4 If Oft. whef11 was 14. 8 irritatng.8. 7 SR)8. waste: 5 1'111: 6 borrow: 7 sperd. 10 b Exercise 3 I ever. 2 a. 3 fai". on my lasl birthday Simple past and used to: when I was a ctWd.)l'l A is about Iendi1g """"'"' """'Y. 8 ():Ies this Exercise 3 1 Are. means: 4 1i<e. 10 like Unit 1 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 hazel. 3a. stlXlying. 4 SU'pi:se. yesterday Exercise 3 1 ~ 2 L 3 a. 4 Martin Martinez. 5 aash. 3 modest. 7 negalive Exercise 4 l c. 2 never. 4 bkJe. 10 ransom. 6 a 7 c. 3 c Exercise 5 1 True. tOO roorni'g. 7 speaker 3. 6 file. 6 receipt. lb. 7 d. 7 c. 3 did. 2 b. 6 Exercise 4 SfnpIe past: yesterday. Conversation C is about someone whO is rri:serIy.d.6b . name Exercise 7 I e. 2 M arisot 3 MartsoI. waithg. PatA. 2 attractl\lE!. 6 radcaI. 5 hated. 7 True. 3 True. 6 radical Exercise 3 1 happy. 5 a Exercise 3 I c. 6 am WOfkng. 2 False. in Exercise 3 1 lend: 2 pay. 2 is annoying. 7 False. 8 are. 3 earn: 4 buy. 8 hadn't argued Exercise 4 I !Uprise. 7 rising. 10 became. 5 I wish I had a beller job. 4 FalSe. 7 were.. 6 WI'OIe. 4 1s~. MarisoI. 4 duI. II wish. 8 b Exercise 6 2. COlIltry. 2 used la. 6 Martil MartIl'1f!. 'm used 10 dOIlg: 4 used to waII:: 5 used to have: 6 'm not used to ctivi'IQ Exercise 3 2. S True. Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 was. 4 False. 3 just. 3 's practiCing. 7 blond. a False. 5 respectable. 8 made. 6 fa.t I hadn't ooived tate.!thy. 5 Have you fM!l used a cha1 room? 6 Have you tned to pefSUade Mary yet? 7 I have recently thoulj1t about my iU1tJ'l!. 8 True Exercise 4 l a 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c . 4 bg off. 7 expressions. 8 1 emporary. 5 tar. 7 True. name. 2 True. Sa.ng. 6 e. 2 I orly I had more lriends. 5 ooJd. S Exercise 6 Conv£wsa\ll. 6 hactl'\. 7 internet.. 5 I'm writJng you now to i'Mle you to dnnef. 7 creatrve.4. 6 True. 3 Exercise 5 1 False. a allach'nenl Exercise 3 I looked. 7 asked. 4 irritatng.. 8 If orly I hadn't beerl so stupidl Exercise 2 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 t 4 L 5 ~ 6 g.. 7 Grace McBride Mart" Martilez. 3 used to. 2 M. S romantic. 10 Do you wn~eIse? """'" . Sa. SQ: 3 know. 2 rose. 12 "" Exercise 5 I 10lII'ld. 8 gave.&il. 3 1m cookhg. 8 friendly Unit 4 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 I Inp!essions . 9 asked. 3 False. 4 /C(. on my birthday. 3 sh:::e. 4 fould. 3 1Ned. 2 cx:n. 4 True. S3f. 11 caIed Exercise 3 Ie. S weren1 used 10.. 6 speaker 2. 2 d. 7 bored. a tcng time. 2 bored. 2 True. 6 i'. watchi1g Exercise 4 1 Do you lke tIJS rTIOIIie? 4 He owns I'M:) ca-s. react la. 2 ptXe. 2 fa. 5 r\leresl. 13 tend 3 MartIl'1 Martinez. cats. 9 TM rane. 7 st •. 8 rose Exercise 2 1 negatIVe. 2 proof. 7 False. were. 2 had pa.7. 3 True. 2 I sUI haven't spokoo to Jack. 4 gave. 4 Do you uroderstand. ~. 3 e.!. 5 1ound. 8 h<n:Ie. 3 aggressive.6.Workbook Answer Key Unit 1 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 tie. 6 d 7 a. know ead'I other. Unit 3 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Maley. 6 1wish I hadn't eaten so rructl! 7 If crit I had lislened in SChool. 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 g. 2 chcv1ged. 6 revise. 6 discipWned. 4 interesled. 6 named.terested. 8 speaker 4 T262 . last year. 12 know1edge. 4 moved. 4 recently. 9 refuse.

6 calories. 3 B. 2 are haWlg k.aDng series.7. 5 j. 5 aW!(j. 2 c. 6 True. 4 MageIarl. 5 b. 5 Eri<sson. 5 Vespucci.5. have become Exercise 6 1 pericIil. 7 rave. 3 1. 5 el\troverted. 3 C. 7 1eadng the~. 2 b.. 2 ~ul. srnilat age 4. 10 a Exercise S l d. Exercise 4 I False. 3 L.re. 10 Although Exercise 3 l a. 9 Not mentioned. wouldn 't have left: 6 hadn't made. 4 is goog to. 6 <M'Tocgement. l . 4 9. Exercise 6 I b. 6 C ""'" Down: 2 reserrtie. 2 c. 17 postt. 9 saw.5. S tar·wealhe' friend. you wonl nm. 10 True Exercise 6 l a 2~ 3a4a S~ 6~ 7a8b . potatoes: 4 circulation. 5 b. 2 ~ l a 4 ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 a 8 a 9 b.a. 'Jitarni1s. 4 have been. 3 lfflWgetened. 3 h&aHhy. 3 ~ 4 l 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 3 d. 2 k:rve story. 5 A 6 F. 6 actIVe. 3 ~ 4 a . 2 radilm. 3 1rne. 7 were filled: a has.. 2 c. 12 cohabit. 2 <M'T~.- Exercise 5 I oval. Exercise S Exercise 4 l b. 5 a Exercise 4 I balar'ced diet 2 protel1. S YCUlQ viewers mIQh1 find paris of the movie rather fnghlerWlg. 2 A.4. 4 ~. 6 wi. 4 Eriksson. 6 h. start: 7 starts: 8 are going. 4 a. 4 are playing terris. S is going to. 3 a. 4 JX>1. 6 mask. cartdlydrate. 9 slave. 8 a Exercise 3 I CoUnbus. S didn't go to. good at tiStenng 3. SIfT'i(I' tastes 4 Exercise 6 2. unheaHhy. 5 evm thoug/1. 2 passive. 2 True. 16 1 had been travetng: 2 had been Io<lkng: 3 had. 2 L. 4 True. a sense of tvnor 2. 10 counterpart. 5 d.10 Exercise 3 t False. 7 c.9 .'. 7 tend. 2 died.~ _ _ _ ~_ T263 . 10 d Exercise 3 1 IS tne latest n this arr-. 12 tlstori<n. 8 fiber Exercise 5 l d. 8 True Exercise 4 1 ~ 2 a. S you see. 4 False. 2 True. 4 b. 5 detective Exerci se 2 I B. 2 Eriksson. 4 absolutely. 8 a.:ate. attacked: 6 had lailed: 7 had made.. 3 1. rT'O'I9y 2. 5 passive. 4 vitamins. a optimi:itic. 5 True. 3 eyelids. l a 4 l 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 e 4 detJJaQding.. 8 c. 10 would help Exercise 2 1 9. 4 are beng printed: 5 ts beng written: 6 be banned. been annot. 7 gadget. 5 not have been. 7 False. 8 have protected. 2 bushy. 8 sc:i. 10 not have been Exercise 3 The secood. 4 B Exercise 2 1 horror stOfY. l poetry.llCed Unit 7 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l b. 3 active.IIcn'. 6 b Exercise 2 . 2 but then ~ you are a Potter far'!. l C. 14 myth. 9 ig1ote. t 8 tradrtiOnal Down: 1 react. 5 A Exercise 4 1 acawniC. 4 a. 5 hoOOld. 8 arrMgE!ITIent. 7 bor'rt. 8 c Exercise 1 I C.10 """" _ -J _ .b. 2 Columbus. 6 c " 'Unit 7 Lesson 1 Unit 5 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 ' ~ 2~ 3a 4l 5~ 6~ 7 ~ 8e Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l L 2 a. Exercise 5 1 hadn't started. 9 ~abIe . 2 trend. 9 am going to visit. 6 plastIC. 8 Unit 6 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 C. taken: 5 had. 2 a. 11 pursue.p a friend~. 4 hadn't been. Exercise S 1 CoUOOus.. 2 A. 3 a. 2 f\C. 2 A!tt'ough. 8 However. 8 b. 8 had faJen out Exercise 2 I b . 4E. 8 but for thJse ~ caugh1 !. 3 and the photography~.6. 7 F. 5 a. mreais. 7 is going to. WOl. 8 passive Exercise 2 1 was written: 2 are rsoc!: 3 were sold. 14 aspire. would have been: 3 hadn't flown. 4 passive.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 3 1 defme plarVroutne. 3 have been. 4 False. 7 True. 15 Mlsist. W(:Mjdn't have desigled: 7 haoo't foond. 6 ~ 7 b. Despite. woUd have died: 8 hadn't inve1ted. 5 False.3. 6 i. 2 a 3 ~ 4 a . 11 biography. 3 ~ 4 ~ S c.n::h. respect I. 6 Cok. 5 dshwasher.leaVng: 0 6 does. 5 fat. 13 select. 6 marry. 2 g. 6 e Exercise 2 1 protejn. 5 bal. 2 wrote. 13 creek. 4 NC. 10 mabie Exercise S 1 FaJse.7.5 c. 7 met. wouldn't have struck. 7 overweig1l. 9 Colntlus 9 iltention Exercise 2 1 0. c: 3 C.8. 6 meIar'd'oIy. Exercise 4 . 3 best friend. 7 Mll!l!!igent. 6 protective. 5 e. 4 SlI'PI1Si'Ig. trust I. 4 SCience flC tlOr1. 3 a. 7 active. 10 dr<rnatic. Unit 5 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 d. l b. 6 There IS also some ~ acthg. 4 a. 6 True.<>s<Ys Exercise 2 1 have written. 2 True. 2 had lived. 8 is going to Exercise 2 2.JIne. 7 a 8 b Exercise 4 2. 3 1OQ1lfident.p 11 the magi. 8 ten. 3 True. "'" Exercise 3 1 make new friends. 2 Su'e. a Vespucci Exercise 4 1 b.5. 4 a. 4 d. 6 oo. Cervantes. 15 moIat. 3 IS visitng. 7 ~. 10 c 9 a. 2 D. 16 offshoot. 6 Vespucc:i. SC. 6 jaw. 6 a. 3 Wll . 3 NeY8I1he1ess. 7 False Unit 5 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 Unit 6 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I passIVe. 6 a Exercise 4 Patien::e 3. wouldn't have become. 3 ~ 4 l S ~ 6 h. 7 have had. 4 b. 10 e 4 ll\entlOl1.vse. Exercise S 1 C. made: 4 had. 3 Shakespeare. Exercise 4 l c. 9 have corne. 9 bait. 2 b.. Exercise 6 1 False. Slbstance: 2 calories. chocolate. 7 is meetng G Exercise 3 1 f. 2 True. B silcefa. 2 SlJUCk !. 7 C. 2 H. 4 For ttose of you who h special ellecls. 6 In spite 01. a f Unit 4 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 WOUd see. S iltentlOn. 3 Magellan. third. 5 c. a tore. 3 D Exercise 3 1 d. 5 L 6 C. 2 have written. 4 wmkIed. 4 C. a False. 7 definite planllO. 4 True. 4 should be released. 7 9. 10 are. 2 a. 3 Columbus. a L Exercise 4 1 is gcW'Ig shopping. S is going to.3. 6 S\Ke Exercise 6 Across: 4 garbage. 8 MageIan. going to watch: 4 is goilg 1 cal: Sare. S are reading. l False. 4 In spite 01. 5 a 6 a 7 a.Jd have. 3 E. 3 have beefI sold. 9 h. d 1 are going: 2 Unit 4 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 a'e going to. 2 wiI. 3 arrangen"I9'lI. 2 h. 6 i. 7 a 8 e """ Exercise 3 l E. 7 Mhough. 6 is going sYNmlilg. 4 penci. 6 are wailing. 3 True. 5 True.rrtJus. 7 ltao/. 10 "". fifth Bf1d eighlh sentences are correct. 9 9.YI. l b. 5 ~ 6 a 7 h. 6 FCWl. 9 True Exercise 5 I shotjd be banned. a prediCted Exercise 6 Across: 1 urban. 7e. 6 have been e)l8CUled. chOCoholiC Exercise 3 l D. 9 Nevertheless. 3 wanted. 6 hQnest. 1a romantic. 7 h. 7 was shown. 3 non· fiction. woojdn't have invented: 5 had been. 2 e. do4ng Exercise 6 1 B. 3 Not mentioned. 2 A. 2 d. 5 True. 4 g. 6 False. a False. 3 inOk. 4 C. 2 g. 4 D. 6 a leaves: 3 Ate. 3 !T<JVl1Y. 7 Eriksson. 6 e Exercise S 1 Well.

2 to pass. 6 definng Exercise 2 1..7. 3 askilg. 8 ." Unit 9 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 definr. 9 nauseated. 10 .10 Exercise 5 1 conversation 4. women in the U. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 4 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ' Unit 8 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 how. 5 So as not to.6. 10 ablties Exercise 5 1 inlelgence. 6 True... 5 smoki'Ig. 4 Vfrf ittkI.AJ\t'oou. 2 how ~ tmgs people together. 5 rrus!n" du'rlp. 3 fM:J:y. 7 rage. 7 to. 7 dsciminate. 4 in order rot 10. 7 the worna. 2 in order 10. 4 sholJd be erwxuaged. 10 doesn~ she Exercise 3 2.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 5 1 ~ 2~3~4L 5~6~ 7a 8~ 9 b. 8 knees Unit 10 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 drinkable. 6 reuse. 2 isn't he.jlt to pay. 4 b.a means Q! self-defense.II:l!l mage tIJaI many ~ martial arts have. 3 True. 7 dleatng. Ten times the 8(J)()U')\I . 8 artistic.rt f'XIYI8days it seems to be CW'I obsesso'l. 5 ctronic.8 Exercise 4 ~ Exercise 4 1 I. 4 b. 7 steali'lg. 9 haven't you. 5 can be clone. 4 'Nithoul. 2 arguing. 3 i.I!1J.S. 6 to meet. 4 to call.tb:. 3 comersatiOn 5.tlen you start eatng agail.5. II. 8 The man. In fact.10 Exercise 4 1 dlecki'lg. 2 waitng. 3 how you spend your money..". Exercise 3 1 rnusI be. 7 ~ 8 a Exercise 4 1 abilitY. 4 abiities. Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 see. 11 obsession. 1 b. 2 sholJdn1 be aIowed. 7 head.oofirMg. 5 Seme. 5 True. 6 In order to..6.. 5 imagination. 7 a Exercise 6 1 heel. 2 asking. il today's society. 2 <XlrT'QIiIliIor.6.as. B e. )'CU' txx:ty records tt'is. 3 Exercise. 7 b. 5 c. 5 The man. 5 g. 7 supply. 8 Unit 9 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l c.nat I dislike about boxing. 9 vital. 7b . 3 the woman. 5 the worna. 5 stay. 9 difference Exercise 3 1 10 meet. am attracted . 9 C. 4 have a.. 2 True. Speaker 2 stress. 2 The WOfl'\af1.8 Exercise 3 1 The man. 3 why. 5 c:ooversatiOn 2 Exercise 6 1 b.. 7 telling. 3 ccqdina:tOl. 3 The woman.7. 10 Exerc ise 5 1 ~ 2 d. 10 responsible Exercise 4 1 twdy 001. 5 copying. I:!ut two reasons n most corrm::n. 2 the man.7. Speaker 5 lack of exercise. 5 a g'EIaI deal 01.rmtiaI art. 5 rvt.. 3 telling. and ODe that is corrmon amoog women. 5 <r1"IOIXIt. 3 h. mther tube of toothpaste. 5 b many rea5CIlS It! p€q)Ie W<I1Mg IQ lea'n a.t:l!lOO. 911". 4 expression. 7 n ordef \0. 8 our.. 10 c Exercise 2 1 ¥eIl't you. 4 the man. 3 waist. 4 Sane. 4 Fatse. 5 True.g.d1. Exercise 4 1 {. 5 & 6 a.a1t1 a~of ~ 6 We!ii::t two ca100s 01 iI. 3 a.toer1 you stM cielilg.. 3 c.n. 5 have you. sperd ahlost len times !'I'ICftl on deti1g II'm they do on make-~ IW"Id other beauty products. 2 ~tial . 4 determirW'lg. Then. 6 the woman. 8 True Exercise 5 1 watching.. 9 to let.0I ~~. 6 asking. 10 Exercise 3 1 anemia. 8 the man Exercise 4 1 False. INs <YTIOUlt is stil cdy a Itrd of the amot. 2 Not mentioned. 4 hygiene. 7 ~ 8 ~ory """" Exercise 6 Across: 1 shil. 7 obesity. 6 a lot 01. 8 g Exerci se 2 1 QaoI~atooof~? 2 How CD!&lJ is that ~ of ~? 3 ~ me the jar: of!:l!loe'i. 3 True. 2 stress.3.QgrWtive. 6 ~. 6 protect. 8 indigestion.. 2 mcmentlITl.tI. 7 Few. 6 tape. 2 a.I6l!lliIi!le!: of ic:e=qeooJ? 8 A 1<aIl. 5 f.sf maga2i'Ies. 5 ron-<lefrilg. 5 a Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 tying. 8c Exercise 2 3. 9 askilg. 3 10 do. 7 what is reaItt i'npc:rlant. 4 cIleckrlg. 5 diSOfder. . 8 a Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 has. 5 so that. 2 Pri'lg..7. 6 telling. 6 COOling.. 7 Exercise 6 Speaker 1 obesity. 7 our. 5 Checkilg. Men. 8 calf """'" Unit 9 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 a 6 ~ 7 c.ja?. 2 wit find. In fact. 2 c. 9 Unit 10 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 b. 8 don't they. 2 d. 3 defrirog. 3 so that 4 in order 10. 6 spatial. b. 9 a1i:itic. S yoo begrl deti1g you CM never Slq>! A worryilg ttKlutjlt lor m<W'Iy ~.7. 5 abdomen. 9 shoUdn't pay..6 Exercise 3 1 the man. 6 soong.. 4 why. 4 exaggerati1g.5. rn. but in the h. 10 watch Exercise 2 2. 4 The woman. 4 whal we need to think abOut.8. 4 ron.7. 2 l1:1derstand. 9 favorite. 6 the man.'e/fy. 4 can'l you. 2 assessing.. 1m secood reason. 6 dizzy. 3 70%. 4 conversatkln 3. 4 go. the probjem is that most of these diets dor1'l \YOI1(. 6 ~ 7 e. 2 wrist. 3 dscredited. 9 ~. 7 1%.. 8 'Nhere Exercise 2 1 why I like SOCC8f so 1l1\. 2 c.3. 3 ought to be n::teased. 5 how he won thai race.. 7 'MIa! lIIr&lr: is that . 4 a. 8 ~ Exercise 5 1 Fasa. 5 capture.!iI.6. 8 ~ . 3 shortage. ITlO!e aD!:! more people feet IbaI they need ~ able lQ protect themselves ~ walki'lg ak:lng streets. 8 watching. 3 (iStuTtliog. 10 shoUd'l't be W Exercise 4 1 & 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c. 6 why ~ is so impOrtant to wil. 7 arEW'I 't they. 8 so that Exercise 3 2. Ill: first Q{ these ~ dyrmic nature Qj most martial arts. 7 Where.n. 3 dissmlinate. 8 So lhal T264 """ . 3 bald. 4 mnP<llhize. 2 a. 7 IXIbaarable. 5 assessing.5. 7 chec:kt1g. knew Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 so that. 4 drop. 8 &xne. 7 pay.3. 8 teli'lg Exercise 2 1 tyilg. 5 He.4. 2 SIMlraI. Speaker 3 alcohol. 2 bocke's. 4 depression. 5 Ill§(l1EII'izil. 3 do you. 8 asking. 9 watching. 6 ~.j. 9 True.. 6 isn~ ~. 8 False. 2 so that. 8 doing. 6 True.5. 6 sholJd try.n::Ireds of dets that n a'QlJ"Ij WId the (rl'IOU'1\ of ~ spEWlt CIl them. vas txx:ty begI'ls to store some 01 the foOd as fat () order to OO'I"pEII'lSate fOr !he next tine yoo starve~! So. 2 Not Efn. 2 captiJed. S hall. 10 very ittkI Exercise 5 1 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 3 essence. 7 ~led. 8 turned.j. 8 drains Exercise 2 1 ~ 2b. fHlicIJar.. 4 detmmination. 6 faucet. 3 defeaI. 10 waitng Exercise 4 1. 7e.. 6 d. 2 goilg. 4 C. 10 False Exercise 6 1 shot..jlt to be W.. And. i:l. 3 is being rnported. 4 toes. 4 geninQ. 6 Not enou.§ a~. 8 a Exercise 3 1 Waading. 2 cIefJ:lir). Exercise 6 1.1!ecCt seen. 12 pi'npIy 9 c. 6 J.. 7 Seme. 3 e>:pectancy. 8 dink. 9 slave Down: 1 SCEI"aio. 6 " order 10. 6 started. 4 We. 6 what. This CIbsessm does nO: m. 8 bacttm arose. 7 False. 10 faHgue..:ritest ~seIf in the pdlxes in IfEI"ti 01 the r. 6 being.3 ~ 4 & 5 & 6 b. 5 runericaI. 3 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 3 to. 3.J'lt spent on keeping thin. 10 h Exercise 5 mage has t!lwiJys t'oeewl ifl1n1ant.. 4 a. 6 ankle. especiaIy at nigtlt. 5 to meet. 6 a. Exercise 3 1 4 2~ 3& 4~ 5l6~ 7. 8 getting. 2 'MIat. 5 t'oN. 3 raIaxng. 7 True. 10 C Exercise 6 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6L7~ 8b Exercise 2 1 (] order to. 7 choose. Speaker 4 srnoki'v.. 7 The man. 4 evasion.. 2 anorexia.... !he dtr'Iger is that cnce Exercise 5 1 inJected. 6 in~.. 5 lush. Exercise 5 1 c. 3 a. 3 ~ 4 l 5 h. 4 False. 2 conversatOl l . The reason fOr 1M is that .11 women sperd a lot on ciothes Md jev.

8 reality Unit 12 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 f. monster. 10 wOOd yOJ have . 6 D!![VOUS. 3 decade.2 ~ 3 c. 4 True.. 6 variety. 3 Not StnI. 6 True. 6 been taI<ng. 3 seen. 2 ~. 10 9 Exercise 5 l a.n son and find out v. 5 get. 3 be suffering. 7 have Idled. These range from being ate to save II:!l: ~ species to reprOO.ether he'd Mke to spend a lew monthS in the U. 3 True. I tq:le ~ acMce ~. 3 had. 3 pressIXe. exam. 3 end. 10 d Eltercise 6 Across: 1 dynamic. 5 news. 7 Bad. 7 eigibIe. and one that I've been asked before. Not ooly dkl Daly take after her biological mother. 6 spendng. 5 weaknesses. The abi1y to cIcne using DNA leads III to many posslJiIiIies. 2 True. 8 be Exercise 4 1 wasnt 2 had conduCted. "'" Exercise 3 3. 5 False. 12 fossil. 3 jarme. 8 Emphatic. 4 False. 10 grades Eltercise 4 1 True. 3 sirTlJIe. 4 hal/9 knOwn. 15 a1d awam. 6 eoo. 2 pres&n!. 41. e l. 2 Good. 5 beg~. 14 estimate. 6 Neutral. b S. 10 False Exercise 2 1 have viSited. 10 IiIter. 6 WQIjd have watched. 8 cope Exercise 3 1 take. I tlWi<: it's inportant for young people today to realize how useful rt can be to speak another language. 2 False. 2 con!imf\ated. 10 ~tant Exercise 2 1 games.7. 10 sUI. 4 ~ 5 a . 2 True. 4 prtne-time. 5 has dreamt. 4 sI'IOUd be. 5 i.". 7 Text A.. 4 ability. 3 contermcng. 17 tricky Exercise 4 1 has been going. 4 enriCh. 10 True 4 program.. 4 lot . 6 a 7 ~ 8 ~ 5 watched. 6 gMlIiI a-cade. 7 wasn't: 8 didn't taste: 9 COUldn't help: 10 were tryilg Exercise 5 Across: 2 Iremeodous. 2 dr<rna. 6 WOIJd have taken. retake. produced. 7 8 forgm Exercise 3 1 True. thus aeating a mocIern day Frari<enstein Exercise 4 1 h.Q'Jt from ScotlWxl created a sheep named dolly. I'd tal< to y. wished. Is 'fOOl son interested in learning English? Has yoot son evet' been to an EngliSh speaking COlI"Itry. read: 7 have been planning. 9 Neutral. 4 overt. 8 mirror. h 7 Exercise 2 1 seen. 10 have heard Exercise 5 1 False. 3 A. 7 cidn't have. somewhere like the U. 7 t 8 c Unit 11 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 a 4. 5 Neutral. 6 d. 2 a 3 c.S. 9 take. 9 True. 8 wOOd have. 5 sette. 12 scarce. 2 B. buI these were . she was n fact a carbon copy QI_ CIorWlg of a bit more limited sort has been around lor years. 9 Good. 2 has asked. 9 QeSlicides. Eltercise 2 1 made. 3 Neutral. 7 0. 2 be wcr1Ii1g. 10 prevent Exercise 3 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5 ~ 6~ 7 a8~ Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 l a 2~3a4a 5a6a 7 a80 9.10 9d Exercise 2 l a 2 ~ 3 a 4 d.S. 5 had. 9 False. f 5. Scientists have t!e!i:a already ctoned rrioe and /rogs. 7 'd have bWght.. Unit 11 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Neutral. 3 True. 7 ~ 8 a . 2 g. 5 11!:&Lish. 8 forget. 5 ~.4. 9 C. 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 a. 2 ~.I}dant.tI be very good for tis english.10 Exercise 5 l D. 4 False. 9 c. 2 e.. especiaty English. Exercise 4 1 Bad. 10 0 Exercise 6 1 movie. 6 Not StnI. 4 viSited. 7 amou'll. 6 enter. 9 """"" Exercise 3 1 griwing stuff. 8 TI\I8 Exercise 5 Dew Juan. 4 will. 6 geaetiCS. 7 True. 9 wiI watch. 3 hadn't been. 5 cassette recorder. 6 CheCkng. 2 haal't seen. 6 have. 8 True.. 10 Emphatic -key T265 . COfTllIeled: 6 .ood be. 4 Good. 8 Text B. 7 slop. 2 En'llhabC. 18 flood. 5 ~ 6 g. 2 would. 5 h. 11 ntensify. 8 0 Down: 2 comI:>I'latiOn. 8 Climate. 5 toss. 7 irrlI:!Bltng. or Britan.KVive. 3 1'101es. 9 would. 7 graduated. 2 would-be. 2 begffiing.6 c. 7 been waitilg. 2 forget. 16 lush.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 2 1 ab.m from embryos. haven't had. g 3. 8 £W:Iity. 8 WQIjd have been . 6 be using. 4 ~ 5 d . 5 False. 5 provocative.x1y lor use in operations.4.5. 9 Text B. they accomplished what many had thought was an iT1possib1e. 4 ~iIizer.5. 4 watched. I have a few questiOnS I'd like to ask you. 11 donilg. c 2. 7 sitcom. 7 ~ Exercise 3 1 begiri'lg. 7 ero. 3 don't stop. 16 PtJ"nal. 5 have risel. 12 spring. 2 pass. J.t. 4 QQil1Iess. 13 melt. 8 a. 3 has beer'! tryilg. 4 have beccme. 8 watched. 3 g-ade. 5 Good. S frished. ~ co. 15 grade. 3 quiz. 8 accepI. 19 modify Down: 1 genes. 8 True. 6 True. 3 False. 7 switch to. 8 begi'ri'lQ Exercise 4 l treatng. 14 onine. 4 ca<eEr. 9 Have. 5 O:Iicating. 7 False. or Sritaf1? If I were you. 2 e<mem. 9 d. 2 been recording. 7 False. 3 j. 4 reviewi'lg. d 8. 9 slum. seen. 10 Bad Exercise 5 1 exam. 7 e. 3 dump. 4 Errp'laoc.. Unit 12 Lesson 2 Eltercise 1 l d. 13 lack Exercise 2 1 fa!.7. 4 end. 4 a. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 c . 'Nhat frigltoos many people is the dea that SOO'leCIOe rniglt 10 cIeci:Ie to clone a complete person. 5 were. 6 False. 8 Bad. 6 certificates """"'. 9 optiOn. 6 retake. 6 inspect. 5 compost. 9 1mes. 5 False. 7 Errp'latiC. 17 Sl. Exercise 5 l d . 3 promise. 10 Text A Exercise 4 When sdentists. 6 c. 4 C Eltercise 6 1 waste. take P1I1 Exercise 3 1. 4 ~. 'Nhat it made DoIy such a t:reakt1Tou!tl was thai she was ctoned form the DNA 01 an adult. 3 d. 10 snapshot. 6 cast members.dlg ~!lLorg<ns Unit 11 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 buy. This is a diff\cutt questiOn. 3 Illlake..

h:I'les! I c:otttl't lM:! 'MthoIJ mi'le.xprise.:rs before she was born. "'" 4 Were you I1lIIIilld aftar~? Wba1 does ~ n::mJ. Frida KahlO was born on July 6".1ved i'l the past without them." 3 """"".. so B 01! MIne's the bUl one. play ganes. A That's OJIrageotJSl H's not 7 8 Do you use yru eel phone a lot? Does anything annoy)'(Xl about ceA phones? 'Mlat's the most aTOYf'9 thtlg about eel phones? I WWd you be ate to m. please. B A How rn.lU1. starTing actress SaIrna Hayek. 4 B No! Reatt? A B Yes? A ThIs soup is realy not hot B A B 2 A So.!l i'I my Qty. Mel even su1 the internet . """ """" t~ ye'IcN one. C M! What atxluI yw ncrne.dI? B FIVe tuJdred doI<r. 'M'Iat's y<:u A Well. C A So. Her II1ai ~ance n p. isnl it? A weJ.... So whiCh ones do )'(Xl thilk we should send? wen we can't send the red When Grace McBride died. was released. A Wtr{! 'Mlat happeMd? B I've never met a'1)'OfIe IKe hin. worth that muct1.She dropped the "e' from Frieda 11 about 1935. she dOO at the age d 47. B They're not pink. B Agai1! A I saw Matk yesterday. and ~ was tefflble. wei! All the cheaper stores were closed. said.. B When? A He's almost 60. sorry.. but Maybe.. a bJs acOOIn on her W'i# home fn:m sctcd. I can take pictlJ"ElS.9'l1 att Md was given the rane "Los FridQs. I cal't lnagi'1e haw people B C A C -' was? I'm Actiana. -~ eatne as a shock. B Yeah.XD[[l!.J'. Does he have a 1M? Oh. Mile? B What 00 you mea-I? 1925. Gteg has da1Ier eyes than twn..by her stLder1ts. In fact tt'e{re real)' dcr'k brown.eN Haven. B So ycu WOlUl't go agatl. what aboot the yf!kIN B I'm not SlXa.. wartt ~ to be ate to conta:t me ni. nvestment A B Wr'rf do \hey cal you Sol? A 'MlIn I was YIlllQ. Oh I know who you me<Yl he's the one with the amazh'J green eyes. A """" B weJ. I get twice as Il1Udl as before. Maile.t nor? It's such a beaulmJ ~'s B pretty CXlI1ll'01 Track 3 1 l'baI. B CtI SOtry. But v. caIed Gasa Aru . the age of seven.8lIe House . A Great haifcuI. to shcm her YOk n a Sln8aist embfuI.". ¥TfW<l'f. B What did you say yru name Marisol. B Stop shouting.chez. wei 11 have it n I was named altar Sime Holiday. Unit 2 Track 5 In F~ 20:13. A No. Mel she was to ive (II her ife there. !hey Oscovered she was worth over S20 milliOn <V1d she had left ~ aI to her catsl RaU Sar. I bought this lantastic phooo last week.I'ld mrr. get it. Sol means "$1. 8 lottery creda we shoJd send the yellow ones.wei. B No way! A Look! IS(1"\ that Brad Pitt? B Yeah! """'" "'" """.I' V8f\j funny because it means "dark and rict1". So" these.like 5 6 7 4 """"" receipt _hy ""'. B a-. I Tha. AI.. A wt»ch of these cups is YOOO.Workbook Audioscript Unit 1 Track 2 A Hi! I'm MarisoI. when she entered the Natiooal pr-epiM"atory school. B on! OK. I ctiiI: """". A No. In teday's progral1 we're goilg to take a brief look al the ife 01this amazing woman. Grace. the rT"II:Me "Ffija' . no! He has realy lair skirt He doesn't have a tan al aiL 1'1 introduce you whoo I see hill. which one's GIeg? O'I! Wei. but my friends call me A 'Wtry not? B WeI. that's nw. later. Ka'*l was t:Uking I. B Amazing! A We're goilg to Florida.odesI . A WrJ. aI I want is peace and qu~t.' Track 6 GalS in the cash Unit 3 Trac k 10 on! I hate them.:s an tnJSUaIlliIIIl!I. C No.ri1g a demcI'lstra\k:l'l against the overthrow 01 PreSIdeflI M)enz of Gwtemala. I A Prid You have to be jokng. she tat.:b? B WeI. The acOOIn almost proved fatal <n:l certarlj chaflged her iIe. 1'1 get you MOther bov. By 1938. 00. she gave her date of birth as 1910. A VIIho's he? C Not "he" Bilie Holiday was a A 3 A A B ""'.:rit horne.rrl\s. I don't wa'1I to SOI.eN YO!\!. how's the rew.I' eel 4 5 6 """" . red is rcmanti::.dl 01 Mtm:o Track 8 A A So what happened? B Wei. 3 00 you I!ailtt what you IiIDIl . The f. I'd have to S<l'J fm probably one of the best C 'Ntr{s that firrly? B Because I'm neither and. And wtlen I go on v~tiOn . we have to .. 1954. 12. C famous? She was a jaZZ ~ from Amo'ca. 1907 n her pamt's ho. he has bkn:l t\ai'..H's great. The year after Itis. how was the date? B AasastB'. hOw good are yoo? B WeIA. a local resident. thaI's actually his t:ro!her Sirnc:wl. 2 My I!if!l!:IS call me SIll. wtTt WCUd I want a eel phone? I don'.. B on! I'm sorry. She was ctYisteoed Magdalena. "M<r" is ·sea" and "sol'" IS 'SIJl". Audloscript .? ~didyouw:yrullillIl!l Mel rTlISS8d tIYae yea-s 01 school.t1y'S She CtI. <V1d he borrOwed ~e Track 11 1 Do you have a cell phone? 2 How tong have you had yCIl. Miana? Do you know what it B -""""" Yes. A Come on.I' eel phone? 3 INhen did you buy yCIl. Some hiStorians think she did this as rt was also the yeat of the Mexican E 3 Track 1 A B A """"'00. 2 Cell a:. Seven dayS tater on »113. B Qh. sir. A And the mooey? B Well. How would you like yw coflee. It's """. she bec<me sick Mel was diagnosed as suffemg frool polo o 2 6 7 8 """". I don'. reaIy ike it. 8 Y~! -. n Track 9 A Sat{s getti1g nmied again. Track 12 1 """'" A So.11 1922..1'1" Of "Stmy" and my parents decided 10 call me Sol. A No way! B Wllat do ycu mean? A I'm not gcWIg.. """" 2 3 "'" Track 7 4 SI. ived alone WIth her five cats n an old house n the loYII'l 01 f'. 2 7 8 B Realty? A Do you want to know my 3 B Not rea/tt.lced to [)ego RrMa Md mcrried hm 111929.. YeOO! Well my dad's illO jazz. A I passed the exam.P a reputallCI'l atWld the wor1d <n:l traveled to f'. il my cowlry. B """" A I'm I"IaW1g a party. 4 00 you 1M you' QiIDIl:7 5 It's pretty Q.Jse 1'1 a Slb. ~ was alter this acddent that she started paio:1ting. H realty annoys me whM someone's eel phone goes off 11 a teS\alnnt (X whM ycu're tablg to them. then. A M::l he dktl'l? B No.bIic was <1. Ka'*l was ~ . AncIl'm Bile. it's not bad. When Glace's !emit saw her wiI. she was ntrOO. I was B I stJ don'.1 rigtlt away.:mge withOut ycu cell phone? How often do you text yCIl. Bile! Thai's M IAISI.. 6 Unit 4 Track 13 1 A I ive JUSt around the COfT)9(.tlt 3f'd day. they're A Look. 00. I was expecling him to pay me back today... Garmoo Frieda KahlO Y Galderon . ~ the 194Qs. come on! H's orty lor a day. 2 3 4 5 B lIh. He 6'IEI'l made me pay for rT'ri diYler! A Hewhat? A Three hundred doUars. but let's say I'm the arty person t kI1O'N who can do it.e. A No! A Have yoo heard the news? B Wllat news? A Jack and Mgeta have spI~ cp.was tot by her father a few ye. B Wei.IaI name. A WeI. ctoog'og the spelling to F-R·I-D-A. A can I get ycu a drn<. her family was n for a so. e And what does MarisoI mean? A It me<ns"SlIYJy sea" i1 SpMsh. way! H wasn't worth ElYQ"'I hall 01 that. No. black Of \'<'hite? B White. She I'lE!YEI" spent <ny money Md was Mvays weaing the same cbIhes. A So..

They didn't have any A ""'" Unit 5 Track 17 1 John S. A I've never understood 00w FIOI18 and Marl< can be such good friends. That might be true. N1CI 00w did you meet? I was waiting fOf a bus and there he was. But you might rot know that the Aztecs used to use cocoa beans as a kind of money. Originally rt was a triangular shape made of wire. A I was working as a waitress in a restaurant and I spilled SOUp over this man. Given the choice. most of the time the places he tanded on were islands . Did you date at school? No! In fact I didn't ~ke him at all. was the inventor of this technology and Faraday later used the idea. people naturally have a ' sweet tooth' . she's about 22 and he must be at !east 50. Do you know John.S. It wasn't unt~ the early nineteenth century that chocolate as a food. In Japa!1. """""'" B """"'". B What do you mean? A WeB. Absolutely! [interested] - Track 14 A So. I guess ~ I had to choose one thing. t hasten to add. 1876. rt's no good if someone is jealous or if they don't respect you for who you are. Do you? Do you like the party? Mmmmm. B A Qualities of a friend? B Yeah! A Well. B So? A Well. Columbus didn't realize that. Track 16 1 A So. "He looks nice!' But if he was getting off. A For me. Well. B N1CI another quality? A Sometl1ing you don1 have. They showed the birth rate and the increase in people 's life expectancy. fI. many of you will know that chocolate Ofiginally comes from Central i\merica.g model was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in B Sure. he thougllt he'd sailed around the world and reached the Spice Islands. She likes going out to discos and he just likes a quiet time fishing. helping me to my feet . So. the biggest chocolate factory in the world. honor should go to Leit Eriksson. What about you.. without a doubt. As many poisonous plants would normally be bitter. we were at scho:xlI together. Hyou can't take a joke. but I don't like piZZa. The ear1iest types of these didn't have arms. Mmrnmm . B Oh. So. but it doesn't mean that they won" have children. he was the first European to reach America. Petey leBaron Spencer found that a chocolate bar that was in his pocket had rnej\ed while he was workilg with mK:rowave radiation. Track 20 Welcome to Chox. Sandra. A But does that mean you onty eat vegetables? B No! In fact. they feel happy and relaxed! One question I'm often asked is. well. I thougtlt. Probably not. It was very popular as it was easy to correct mistakes. "'" by clothes makers and barbers. Coh. that's true. rt's so funny. B 5 fXlPlI\ation wi~ daJbIe. 3 Both Joseph Swan and Thomas Edison invented the electric version in t878. A Columbus? You mean the glJ)' who discovered America? B Yeah! Except he didn1 discover A """"". 2 William Cullen. Yeah. SO the population won't grow as quickly as they think. 7 4 Track 18 1 protein /I chocolate II substance 2 calories II minerals IllIitamins 3 unsweetened II unhealthy II potatoes 4 circulation II carbohydrate /I -< Track 15 A A1l<Ji. B Oh! That one. In fact. ten me .he's OON your boyjriend. do you? A &lre. It is useful fOf writing and drawing and can be erased very easily. getting off. They were probably invet1ted in Italy. only made the idea popular. for example.mbus was given a gift of cocoa beans. A So. No. I'm a vegetarian so I don't eat meat. It wasn't until almost 100 years later that peope could buy one to keep their f()(Xj cool. =>d" This was inveflted by accider1t in 1946 when Dr. Most of my friends aren't married and I don't tl1ink any of ""'" B 4 A B A What do you mean? 01 course he did. A But that's Italian. Miguel. Thurman invented this in t899. 9 The modern ' lead' ~ersion was invented in England. ~ has to be money. Leifwho? AudIoscript . In fact. whch is added to take rmw the naturally bitter taste of cocoa. B Morey'? A Come on! t'm joking. became popular. a Scotsman. I've neve. AM' There he was. It oontained no lead and was given its name by mistake. put rt this way. ' Is chocolate good for you?' Well. they rested on the bridge of the nose. Most people think 1JJal. A Yep! B That's pretty funny. when people eat chocolate. 3 A B A B Sure they did. did you see that show on TV last night? B What show? A The one about the world 25 years from now. B [)on'.~ was really embarrassing. then I wouldn't want you as a friend. Track 21 A Hey Jane. A Very fulny. wel l. The first Track 19 1 A So. but I'd guess I'd need them to be able to listen to me. 8 This was in~ented by a Norwegian clerk named Johann Vaaler. B Well. Of course. [)on 't you? B No.ty favome food is probably Italian. It takes ~s name from Greek and means "far mushrooms. 00w did you meet? Oh! Nothing unusual. they have found that eating chocolate helps fight heart diseasel 6 Earty versions of this were made from DOe piece of metal. too? YoM Would you like to dance? To dance? Great party! them will get married in the next A few years. B Arld what 's that? A Patience. interestingly. INhat do you like eating? B Well. trust. One of the main ingredients is sugar. A You wouldn 't believe how t met my boyfriend. FIOI18.. 10 This was invented by a secretary from Texas. A Why trust? B Well. on one of his voyages to the Americas. Wow! But still. I think that's too big an age difference and they don't even ~ke the same things.what he called the West Indies. Mike.Tryptophan. what do you like eating? B I guess I'm not like many A What do you mean? B Weil l don't really like chocolate. B A Sure. I haven't really thought about it.. I was running for the bus and A B tripped. but for me rt's pasta. ~ is very usefut for keeping pieces of pap9f together.none of them dangeroos. you talk enough. what makes chocolate so addictive is all the extra things that are added to rt .es do you think are impJrtant in a friend? B Oh. INhat are you reading? B I'm reading an arbcle aoout Columbus. V'Illile we walk around the factory.. INhat do you like eating? B Ah! A difficutt question. Modern cross·blades are used 2 2 A B A B 3 """ 3 A B A B A 4 . rt was easy! I dropped my purse and he helped pick up all the things. He went from door-to -door cleaning ~'s carpets. what qualit. scientists have found that part of the cocoa bean contains a chemical that helps prevent tooth decay! N1CI in the U. B Yoo don't believe that. INhat do you like eating? B I guess I'm a litHe bit of a A How much do you eat eacll week? B Oh! At least a bar a day! A So. B Go 00. who some people think invented this. rt would be fish . 2 A So. yes.Workbook Audioscript 4 5 6 7 a A B A B A B A B A B I work in the travel industry. but I still don 't think the workir. but they forgot to mention that fewer people are gening married and many are starting their families later. 4 Marconi. A Isn't ~ incredible that the population of the world is going to double. Do you think fewer peope will get married? Sure. how did you first meet? B Well. Chocolate also contains a natural "love drug" . The first model used gas for power. especiaJ~ spaghetti with MaIch. a piece of cheese is what I'd have as my comfort food. what we know as Indonesia. 00w Ioog have you known Jake? AtXlut seven weeks. scientists in a number of countries have found that chocolate contains chemk:aJs that have benefrts..understood that why did he call them the West Indies? They're nowhere near India. I' ~ tel you a little bit about chocolate. rather than a drink. USA. The first electric model wasn't invented until 1803. lt was an invention with a bright Mure. No. of course. Howe~er. the real popularity of chocolate does not really come down to the cocoa itself.

But not I. . I txlught it. No.• . but so wi the men. in particlJl<M'. • • II's amazing to think that 5 Cervantes and Shakespeare migtlt have died on the same Track 23 A Fa 1M. 3 OK. rigltt Yoo stole~. everyc:ne knows that men <W& better at sp:::rtS than """'.I'Ider bushy eyebrows. Unit 7 Track 25 TNs man has a pretty pk. bot not all. but two reasons are most common. 'Mlat's the point 01 reaOOg abou1 stull that iSn't even ~ NcrN. And there's that golfer . 10 """"" -" _" 5 6 7 S - • """'.. Vvhat do you mean? A Wei. I know that. Yean! Pretty~. But H I'm goi'Ig to read SClI'lleII'i'g. Probably the most noticeable thing atxJut Tolkien's work is how real his world seems.I streets.. have. you stxJN me a woman • """"". I can't. amazirlg cmracters."""". A But StXeIy if 'PI're Iookilg at the 2004 Olympics. The Lad 01 the Rings is about the age--<t:I battle Track 28 A IIo'1c7N Illi best Iriero's boyfrierd is SEOOg someone else. il leday's society. but the customs officer doesn't need to. nol Oh. In fact.' '>< coordinaton determination mesmeriZing . the teadW wi he<w". Pete? lkl1.ming or boxilg 01 . Wrj . rtMte(. nol 00.! But vbj was he so A So? A So. caIed Middle-Earth.nat about other fantasy books? Fantasy books have been arOO'ld lor many years. 'Nhat? COlI"S9 it is. Woo! A Yeahllwl .. My favorite has to be SpiOerman .. as wei as ffiCI1y traditional mythical races such as elves. the best moment has to be Manhew" Pinsent winning his fro1h gold in four difftwent Olympics. ~ has be Michael Phelps . It (3l'.".I'1II HatTy Potter has WI')'OOe managed to succeed. ... the best part is trying to figure out who dunnit! UI'\Iess there's a good twist n the plot. No. I bo. His ears stick out and his eyes are fairly dose- No.st doo't know WI Should tell her. it 0:::000'.. CXle of the best kNOwn is The Lord of the Rings by J. H you ttri: atxJut ~. unbelievable! The team had so much stamina and det9l'1'l'Wlation . 3 TNs . I think ~ COlJj have been de • • • • swm • • • "". a separate cootflent.rmg . 2 3 4 Track Z1 AeoIy? """" • • """""' """""'''' """'. mom. ex cc:use. I don't rdy have tine. A 'Nhal's the !1OOtest sporti1g moment for you. bot not all. 2 3 4 Track 26 A Don't be such a baby! Oh.. " intelligent optmistic • ""'" Unit 8 Track 29 We're going to catch up on some school wO!K." C Wrrf do you w<¥'1t to go 5 6 ? S 9 10 . Tel her you're going to a frierd's to do eyes l. He was a Vi<ilg expk)rar 'AOO landed n C<nada arnost 5IXI yeas before CokJmbus set sal n the fifteenth centl. """"" AeoIy? Oh. He has ttwl eyebrows abo\Ie i&'ge eyes. I think fflEIClng SI'IOUd be 10" learning. Ttfden created his own world.. Sh! Hyou don't ru~.. the best ItW'Ig is a good klYe story you know. a biography ex a 000k about real events. The second reason..A@in. It kild 0( captlX9S the rooment. and the pictures just add to the whOle thir.. Yoo won't tel anyone. • • • • • S'oWmWlg il the 200B ". Surely I guess he may have. A ." Oh yea.eJt vMd Mel rea!isoc worlds..man """.. A Hey! Stop cheamg! A But 'PI're cheatilg. Another woman darning she can c:orrpete against men. A 'Nhat with? Yoo're always 00rr0wing I"I"'O"le'I from me! WOO? A You know.RR TeoI<8l. Arnefica was named alte' the FIofentne ' " why? Because he was the Iirst person to re<ize that the Americas were no! pM 01 Asia and were.! won by less than taf a second. She was oriy 14. but wtr{? They have great stories. Md one wtictt is COI'T'lTlCtl 00"0I1Q women.g. I dal't WMI to have to think \'He I'm reaci1g. A &.Workbook Audioscript B Leif Eri<sson. so I stole it. but. For me. For me. C AnyItmg to declare? 4 Unit 6 Track 22 1 Do you think M.1l1 ~.-.. no? ..? A WON! look at this j:tloto. So? If yw keep quiet.nallll<e. this guy was my nineteen and he could easily be Fb. IItri. However. be reaIy 8IYT'I with you. A WeI. A Yep! Most.. nobOOy wi know. 'MIat was anazing was the lac! that ~ team Oft. she'. faster.A.. A That jacket. then I'm rot happy.. !hen I W<VlI it to make me 1aI. that's .. She beat a load of men in a tournament. arl)U19 .rnaMgt between good and eW . and she firds out you knew. are yoo? No. . can I go """"'" • • toJerny's? B Give me a good murder mystery Mf day. after two iOCmeters of rowilg to win by on~ a fraction of a second .qi.but I hated the """"" ""'. she'.. He has a pointed nose and a prominent ctMn. k:lts. 2 3 4 o 5 6 7 S 9 Mm"".. 5 6 """. the Bmish rna<alhon runner? She can beat most men in the marathon. A B """'" -~.r1. My mom won 't ~t has really deep-set A Come on.:v1owe rni!1l1 h<MI been the real 2 3 4 -' My..nat was reaIy goot was the bok on tis lace after he'd won. A Are you coming to the party tcright? I can't. n fact. I didn't. !-is Iorehead is klw and he has a nat some sctooI worK. Just Jnagine. are anracted by the inage that many of the martial ats have. A ""~... Gymnastics.ro can beat men at n. shl3'1 be so If you doo't. Can I gJ? Tra ck 31 There are many reasons for people wanting to learn a martial art.. A Vvhere did you get that? I"~. the British • A WeI.and that is financiaJly.. and wizards. wi) yOOl A 'MIat are you going to do? AbouI.. MiChelle Wei. the Ganacians were. with races 01 00 own OIention. E """'. just sit back <V1d erPt it. C FICtion! Wasta 01 tme. Wei. reacMg is abou1 reIaXilg. 2 TNs man has an angular face. dwarves..ro cx:mpares Hogwarts with Midcle-Earth wi anger Mel outrage Ttfden fans. His ips ae vesy hAl 00t he has a Iaitt smaI rose. no! just for ILnt People said I wcUd fYW' out 01 them. HaIry Porter has already exceeded The Lord of the Rings in one way . Men. Tell me one that isn't.. A Yes. I read was so ftroy it made me cry! Now that's what I caB good. more m more people leal that they need to be able to ~tect themselves when walking aIoo.nat? A WfA. 01 CXlUfS& you s!'lotjj! A But d I do.. Since Lad 01 the Imgs.mp face.. you have !tYee Ixlxes 01 cigarettes Mel at least two bottles 01 whske. A AAd why do we cal ~ Arnefica and not CoIumbusiand Of something? B WfA that's easy. is as a means 01 self-defense. not an sports are about A Track 30 ""'"""" A Huh! That's not a real sport.o. Mom.. the limit's one box Mel one bottle. many fantasy writers have tried to create eq.. I did! A Yeah. The first 01 these is the dynarric nature 01 most nwtiaI arts. get belter.a theme otten fOlIld illTl(l'l'J fantasy 000ks.. • • 2 • wiming his fifth gold medal of the 0I'ympic games in Athens. A But that's not fair.re.. ""'''' • • • or • • • strength. ok then.what about PaJja Radciffe. Track 32 A HtJ1! Look at lt1is article hero.. Track 24 Everyone has heard about Harry Porter. Frst 01 aI he coIapsed Md then he cried his eyes out when he g:rt tis • . 'Nhat I loved was the look of astonishment on his face when he reaized what he'd dOlle.. ~ team wasn't the laYoriIe.. The last tx:dI. C School work! You're not lying to me. whefe the man gets the WOIl"a"I n the end. stronger ••• better. I r. have been MaOOwe. especially at night.

hOw rru::h do we use? B Not a lot. s People just don't watd1 what they eat.. To start with. IMIat ftavcI" is that container 01 k::ecnxm? A can 01 beans. it rains onto the lend. A Easy! ~'s the thil"d shape.AIXI what atlererce does thai """"". Good afternoon. It's also interestng to see what we 00 with water. isn't it? W"fI 'Mla. B Wei. lood . you get .. 6 7 They've aI becO'ne nalicroal Track 34 2 3 4 spatial discriminate empathize 5 6 7 """'" intelligence discredted Track 38 A On today's program we have Dr.. but I need something to calm my nerves.nat. A Noway! 8 9 artistic 10 abilities """"'" water is 10 us. doesn't it? 8 You cooked this ~f. A B "" WeI. Dr. No. We need Mother t!..OOIe bar 01 ChocoIa. It'S absokJIeIy scandalous how we continue to pollute the YefY thing that keeps WeI.a 00. B No. H's pretty /\my that we cal 0lI" planet "Earth. A Wei.st not lair.' " abrut it . aren't yoo? 2 ThaI's bad lor YOU. 00 they? 5 You're rrmied." 3 4 5 the terrible graphics. lose !-is job.. B Good afternoon.Ie 01 tile. most people jllS! don·t realize how il1portant """'" genetics implanting 8 '"""""" '""""" """ How rTQ"ly tines has he been Have they firished? """" pesticides 10 resistant Track 43 1 The thing I really hate about this 2 The way in l'Alich games become addictive Track 41 A Look at this packet.. yes! Pro we ffilISt also remember that lhe ~tity A You mean that the amount of water doesn't change? B No. I ttri:. because it ShOIJd realty be B A B A B Wei that's!1XJd then. about one pen:ent of the water.nat it does. B Not atways -there's organic And you're telling me that orgaric food is better for me? B It's probably healltl ier. then !oms douds. A How can mil..be 01 toothpaste./? 4 Men don't lYe as long as women... isn't it? What do you mean? Wf!j. which is far less than you lind in the ICe arru"Id the Natfl and South poles. thEw"e you go. the only thing that changes is wI'le!e ~ is. like musical inteligence Mel ilterpersonal intelligence? Yes.nat you pay lor.. poll" ~ one to ~ you retax. it's caIed ~ inteligenCe$. A I tel you . this ~ is GM free. cognitive 8 . do you rernerrber allhose scaes abrut Mad CoN Disease a lew years back? Yep! ""'" lood. I've art down. I thi'lk the maill'9aSCJl men don't want women COI1l)8ting in the S<ITIEI events is because they're afraid eX bei'lg beaten. then you're asked to Choose from leu dtferent Shapes end deC:XIe which one best fits the empty space. SQI'l1e ol the QOeSIions ~ to do with shapes. we can r:rit Qri.Alld how rnarrt 00 these socaIed tests check? ProbOOIy r:rit two or tIYee.... A B A B A It's that ~? B Oh. that's right.. I've neY9I" been very good with spatial tli'lgs.. . A B W9I that was all caused by the cows being led contcrnina. ... He's. I don't see how that tasts . Well. ~ the ones who MI guilty. A B A Have you &vef taken one? Yes. Roberts.. He ate a v. and the water goes into rivers and strewns.0.n:I with. ~t is the reason? WeI . you've dru1k half a bottle! It's easy to say you don1 have a proIjem. A B 4 A """ you have to think Because about the color 01 the backgrourd.. The arncu1t of junk food eaten nowadays. but it doesn't mean I'm rot intEligent.1 9 II wasn't you.tlich in tum go back "to the oc:e<Vl . But what does GM me<I"I? GeoeticaIy rnc..nat's the big deal? It's reaIy important 10 know what's in OIS food... Sure. ~'s. you won 't catd1 me worrying atxJut it.to work. they're r:rit vegetables.xifiOO. that's part of its beauty. We recycle water all the time.. Roberts. To be hcroest. can't yo.. and I still don't beUeve they Track 35 1 You're American.. I'm ctMousIy intelgent in one of the """" do.jht! It's so easy. A B us alive.ted So you're S8"ying that GM is the same as contanYlated. water. H means that he leaves lor work at about seven in the morning and I'm kicky ~ he's home before nine at rj.telligence. atnost three-quarters 01 the SLM"face 01 the earth is coYOred with the stull..nat all the fuss is about.. 3 . After all.. A Track 39 1 Gan I have a bag of d1ips? 2 How rroch is that bonle of "". don't you? Track 36 1 To be honest. water? B Yes. lhink of an the lertizers that are """..Workbook Audioscript B WeI... ""'... gNen how ~ ~ is. just more expensive. but I think a lot 01 caIecI "INat&<". bok at ttis one. A Wf. In lact. 11ll6lI1. WeI. I tried to sign ~ to a local hea/lh dub but it cost $25 a week! I know I should waJ<. don't yo. I'm not going to eat rt.J.. be GM free? B It means the WNS haven't been led with food that's been A A B Vllhat do you 1ll6lI1? B WfA.. aren't you? 6 You're ~ wi toniojlt. Water starts Off in the ocean. my doctor said. ~. W rIOt surprising. people are asking lor ~! My husband suffers from this./? 7 Ths lastes great. The next thing you know. I 1Tl!m. for example. B """'. look. 5 6 7 8 9 Track 40 1 .. 2 contarmated ""'" How many have you seen? I've never ~ watchi'lg Tv. but you can learn.te! We drink two C<W10flS 01 juiCe a doy.. I krDw that! But what does geneticaly mcdified !TI9a"l? WeI. --... A So. you r:rit live once.. but it's. one of a number 01 wOOd experts on water. I'm just saying that unli I know . . was~? 10 You want rTlO!e." yo. A No. well. the tlWlg lhat amoys mel One tt"Wlg that stops people buying vk. B But how do you know that? Why can't ~ be the second ""'" 2 3 .. what is? B Wf. A &. I A B B So. ~'s <maZing hOw rru::h we waste. didn1 ".nat's in rt am. come on! AI food is messed cro. then we WOlIki'I'.. is~? Fait? Far Ior.e. B Vllhat? A It says "Contails no GM ingredients. 'Twice a week' .. B 5 Unit 11 Track 42 Have you seen the latest reaity 2 3 4 5 Unit 10 Track 37 1 2 6 7 8 """"" • 5 6 "'" foore1 3 7 """ """" drains IV"""'baking so happy? Why's he How long have you been other ways.. but now I probably orty have about five a day. I don't know .. evaporates " to the air.st so easy to drive everywhere. After that....1eo games . 'Nhen we talk about dirty water crd contaminated water...o9? 3 4 Pass me the jar 01 honey. A Oh.. M:I how many typeS eX inteligera are thInI ~ to be? Oh! I think it's eight. In fact.b. isn't it? 3 You exercise fNefy day. test B Yaat1! There seems to be one in fMJfy magazine nowadayS. """ He./? B CII. come Ofl! That's noI the point. Exactly. I know it's unhealthy.. Dr. You're gM3n three ~ and a bIri square. ~. Wei.Jways WOIl)Ylg that he'. I used to go through aOOut a pack a day.. Vllhat. isn't it? You get heme after a long day at work.oo? Aanit you're aI just scared.. messed ~ with. Unit 9 Track 33 A Look at this! Another 1. . After ai.t do you me<I"I Wrr{?" Wei.~ we <idn't \hirl( have water. then. Something that is viIalto us. as wei as the Well. 5 A B A B A B A B A 1 But one 01 the ideas now is that there MI different ki'ods 01 inteIigenCEI. Paul Roberts.J. but it isn't that easy. .

who has been carrying out research on this topic for more than three years.. 0 Me. How else WOI. Secondy. Trac k 45 A Wr:m! Did you see lhat Show on TV last ni!.. I guess not. 3 Well. ISIder because wgJ """"".tlt? Tho _ _ _ B 'M'ich one? A - ~agajn. but •. B Well. Dr. 9 In my company we use them III the time to sea how wei people cope under pressure. you have to be able to rTI6aSI. A An:j what -""'" . Please cal me &vn. Gocx:I evOOng. There ere <itlerent types of accorrvnodation available. was ~ actl. Parks.. come on! You can't reaIri believe that.. e I'm sony. be su::x::essfU in ife? B &re . For ex<rTllIe.. But.. B So I guess you watch aI those soaps Md reaity Track 47 A ~e waste of lime.Jd you want to employ M engineer to build a tri:Ige W they'd fajed thai' 9' 'gi I0OI i WJ - e famous. good morning . . ~'s pretty funny. I'm sony you leellhat wWof. so 1I<tla1's ~ ike to be a celebrity? WfA. I thoulj11.Workbook Audioscript 6 7 8 A the twgh cost. at least they can~ be gelling into trouble on the streets. from I'lc:lnestay to seII-oontained apMmer1ls. I think yoJ've both!1Y&1 us !lings to think about. so ~ 's reafty difficu~ to S2tj. On the one hand there is ~ of evidMce to Show that W:teo games can be bad. J can~ be A -. as wei as headaches and even problems with tOOr tmds Md fingers.. I1CM' I'm makilg lots 01 money and 11 never have to wOOl.j ant of my ex<ms.. it really depends on the test. but I think that's and yet I was still pretty successful. not even EngIsh? e No! I was tentlle at Ergish. there ere also some positive effects and these should oot be Jorgelten... 8 They don't ~ a thing! I passed my math exa-n 00:1 yell stiI e<n'1 baance my acc. ~ isn't natural to spend hoIxs on end staring at a computer Of TV screen. WeI.IuOOg TOEFL and Business Engish. 5 6 7 8 """'" """"" ".. Ihero are medcaI reasoos.j exans Show v.. . as there are two Sides to the issue. They my measue hcr. Hyou had the chcr'lce to do it again.y quaified <n:I have experience 01 workilg in a variety 01 ro.I"e some peqJIe's knOwledge. HcM'eYtY. e 0 &re. Sam.l'lCOI'llkrta chairs.. But as it is. e But TV stnJId be reIa. wOO<. as far as I'm concemOO. Leanne on line one..- are the psyd'loIogicaJ reasons.. h. the tI1ng thai pefSU&CIes Ptq)Ie \0 buy the game. FrstIy. we also have iYI extensive social program..J 0lJ'" teachers we n. Hi. yeah! Sure. B WeI. 3 4 arne(iorate 5 6 7 8 9 scientifc 10 tl'8f1SlX(lation .tlWlg ~ that ij the kids are pIayi1g garnes. An:j how dd you get on the novelist Annie Jones.no are nterested in pwtic:tlating and not just watchi1g won~ be dsappoiltecl. but we're not taIIing.. the biggeSt problems we social. I mean. it makes people reW:lw what they've stU(ied and that can orVy be beneficial. Ryan. 0 Yes.". So. thank you for being my first guest on the . rut thai's not the same as being soo::essfU..... A 'MIat. so what's the pOOt? A B Good evening. wt1ich is a considerable number. OK..(? B A B I ~t kM of wrote in. in a A Well.. An:j WOI. It's absurd to say they don'. it's geat to be here. ~ has to be the ~ w&i.. makilg it possiJIe lor us to find somethi ~ to slit ~ who o:mes.xi"1g. we have two guesls in the studo that have dfIerilg W3ws on the vakJe 01 exMIS. On tonigll's show 'He'A.. Ar'IOIh&. "That kXlks M ' . " paape had to retake !hem f!NelY few yen. then it WOUld be afferent. star of Channel 1's latest reality SOOw. aren't I? B [)efi1tetj. you can cIothat". One minute I was wOfking in my local supErlTIaIket and the next ffWute .. Dr. A Vohlat? You watCh that stuff as well? """'. does passirY. Unit 12 Track 46 A The phone-in on teday's show is about exams and how ~t they ere.! gcMng to be taJIOOg to Samantha Wilson.. 10 To be tn'lest. 2 A "'. 6 . but now I'm A I'lld you ttWlk it was worth . oot .. These kids Jose the abity to sociaize most ~ers play these g<mes aIore. but others ¥8 a waste of time. Sa-Mntho. one of the IeOOng exam boards in the COUltry..deo games bad B Thai's a Vf1fY ilterestng question because it treats the topic as vert black and white.xatiOnal inStitufuns. are . P. MMy 01 these games are extremely vioIeI1t and this can't be good for young people. so when I heard they were maktlg MOlher show. WOI. Ryan..tleIher you'.. ~'s strange reaty. A No. e INrri wooId you want to watch that stuff? A Because it's ro. B Yes. no one remembers what they did in a test.. We teach CM!I: 12.. A OK Tt\CJlk you both. ~'s adictive trash.Jd you find out who knows things? I failed aI my exams at SChOOl e Not aD. 4 Track 49 WfJa:xne to WoocI<n::l Language School.x)U'11$."'" ••. many peopIa take a test Mel then forget EM!J)1hing. One thing I've noticed is thatl'T'Wly kids who play lots 01 these gcrnes have ~ Q.ick reactiorls and geat hcn:Ieye coordnation.st atout school exams.(0) students a year. ''-''''-''I wortc. if you ask me. but that's different. including vigjts to the theater Of sporting events. "Come on. . A Just shows hem sI'\aI::Jw you e Track 44 0 Hey! No need to be Ilde. In reality it's not as clear cut as that. Ivan ParIts who ~ the head of Awonl. ""fI . they can damage you'" eyesight.M:I we go about it? We've been usilg exaTIS oo:Ilests silce we first stood on two legs. We also ~p our students with theW accorrmodation needs. but some of them. ArstIy. 2 WfA.xational. e In wtich case. . not how sma1 they are. B A I'lld OU" secord guest is the !anile in Africa. I mean.rnentary on people""". Wet I'd prefer to watch that than some doct. people ere? B 01 cx:use they n.. An exciting commercial ()l10dayS program we'lS askJ'g Ate I'Ii:1eo games bad fa )OO? In \he stLdo I have Ryan Ferguson.Jd you want to go to a doctor who hadn't passed medical school? e No. lief! school at 16 without passirY. People also suffer from backadle from sittOg in l. """""'. Those of you. WOI. if you have 'iflt (JJ8Stions . - """ pOOtless . too.v goOO someone is at Iakilg tests. 2 3 4 Track 48 """ . You 00her kn:lw it Of you cion'\. A First. they're watcti"g everyttWlg you do .l8ti Vv'hat cIo you mean? e Well.. . Scm. For us that's probably !he most useful thing about them.h. I"d watched the first series Md thOught. 7 Tests! Completely pointless. doesn't it? I guess some are good. Parks. how else WOI. Before we take yr:AJI cals. So.. e -. there B B A e "'yo. Evening. B In what w<J(? e They need to Show ~ know stuff. Good evooing. let's go to OU" li"st caner..Jd you? B Oh. This ooabIes us to grve students exact~ wtlat they reQUire. We offer a wide range 01 COO"SeS. are exans a fair way of frong out how srra1. but tests are a proven way 01 showing ij someone ~ smart e Oh. """"? B .even when you're A So. - ""'. wei. We h::Jpe that you'" time here will be both ~ and useflJ. After ai. 5 Track 50 optirristic 2 -". ~ was reaJIy bad at the time.. I mean. I'm ctong shcJNs Ike this. Dr. B It was tooiJle! You ~'t believe how nasty othef people can be! And to know that the wt'toIe COlKltry knows all ycu secrets.

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Unit 5: Lesson 3: Cry Me A RiverWords and Music by Justin Timberlake . Carbis! Lawrence Manning p6b. Gelly! National ' . 38c.s Young-WOtt'f. Claudia Cruz Annenla.. CorbisI Raben Van der Hilsl p50b.JIlIe p 1260. Design: Illustration: CcMIr image: Desigl'Mlf$ Collective Greg Hargreaves. 263. Corbis! NASA p49 (shutt le).50-35HI tSBN. 124bl. Alamy/lmage 100 PI) 72. 58 (header)./ pp 11 2a. OW Design The authors would like to thank all those at Macmillan inYOlved in the project. reprinted by permission of the author and publishef.caIs·honesty. Corbis. lonoon. hard wOrk. Atamy! Andy Myatt p119. Alamy/ Noah Levy p96t1. CorbisI Ed Kashi p2Q (allende). 9th " oor. 124b. -. Corbis! Gregory Pace p71b. Aulaa Conce~ Faria de Araujo.I34b. Getty News and Sport! Alfred Eisenstaedt pOO . reprinted by permission of the autl"lor. 129. USA.. WC2H DOY.4 . Getty News and Sport! Soon Halleran p84m: '-" Gelly News and Sport! Steve Hansen p86b. D . 147 (young woman). SpoIV Wamer Bros. Alamyl Zigzag Images p84t. 26 (headef). y8(Iid Monroy Segundo. Corbisl Oi Maggio Ke. SA de C . We WOiJ ld particu larty like to thank the following people for their help in piloting materia~ and making suggestions: Mariel8 Cano Moreno. Allee Willis and Danny Wilde copyright C n Dawn Music CA. 113br. 1211r. Printed and bound in Thailand Thil boo!<. Alamyl Andre Jenny pIDl . David CraM. 109.. Mirna Zuge. Prol. Tel: (55) 5482 2200 Fax: (55) 5482 2203 elt@macmillan.. lSa . transm itted in any form. 48 (header). 90 (header). Judy Chiachin Huang. Getty News and SpoIV Mario Tama pJOb.{. 137. Unit 3: Lesson 2: I'll Be Thent fOT You Words and Music by Michael Skloff. Aurelio Antonio Martinez Rivera . Unit I : Lesson I extract from 'Why people use pseudonyms' by Alex McNeil first published in Shakasp6af8 Matters VoI.F. PI36. 48c.3.5. CorbisI Bob Rowan 97b. reprinted by petrTlission of the publisher. taken from www.4 . Press Association pp 62e. Getty News and Sport! Tony Duffy p86a . 86. 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Bob Krist p143 . 42 . 131 . 59<1: Nintando p114bl .6 .V. Corbisl Charles Grupton pl25. Unit 3.. 44 . but in some cases this has proved imposs.4 . reprinted by permission of tha publisher. 65. Chris Taylor. 52a.lisl1 p115. 142d.3.35. T he publ ishers gratefu lly acknowledge the following for permission to reproduce copyright material.. 64 . Lesson 4 : Extract from 'Focus Rated' first published in Focus . CorbiS! Bettmann p13c. SOa.2. Lesson 3 : Extracts from 'Can GM crops feed the world' by Dr Michoio Kaku and ' GM : a QUick fix that is doomed to fait . Getty News and Sport! Mark Mainz p141 . CorbisITom Stewart p124a .J Garside. 73. 147 (young man). CorbisI '-. Unit II : Lesson 6 : Come Away Wilh Ma Words and Music by Norah Jones copyright Cl Muthajonas MUSic LLC. Lesson 4 : Don'f Lei The Sun Go Down On Me Words by Bernie Taupin afld Music by Elton John copyright C Big Pig Music'Warner Chappell Arlemis Music Limrted . 77.V. ALamyl Johnathan Kim p20 (jordan). Corbis! Observer dispatch p84br. Corb i&! Nancy Nay p1241. Alamy/ Gavin HeliBr p90. recording. Ilg. Unit 8: Lasson 1: Extract from "The great picturo shOW' by Gordon Thomson copyright Cl The Guardian 2003. 117a.. Alamyl Frantisek Staud pp 8711. San Anton io 170. first published in New Infamafionalisl Av. Alamyl John Pa l Vi lh elmsson. rtes p32. mechanical. All RighlS Reserved. 147 (old man). The authors and publisherl> would like to thank all the leachers and students who contributed 10 the development of this course.2 Wlnt8f 2003. Maria Cristina V. reprinted by permission of the publisher.mJ( _ .l. 72 . The publishers would be happy 10 hear 'rom any copyright hoIdet that hat not been acknowledged. Orban pp 40. Corbi" Jim Cummins p83.hers. 970~50-351·X Editorial Macmillan de Mexico. 4Sa .. de C .R. C Kale Fuscoe. or by any means. first published in The Guardian 17. Barbar. 5ga. Corbis! Roger Ressmeyes pI26a. 2006 First put>lished 2006 All rights reserved : no part of this pubHcation may be reproduced . Corbis! T. 87bl. 109.7g. 15. CorbiS/ Francis G. Jorge Antonio SIlonchez S!!onchez. 45. 90. Arici Graziano p20 (matquez). Mei Mel Alicia Chu Pulido. Aguiar. especially M~ey Rogers and Jonn Waterman fOf allthei. an interview with D< Doug Parr.A .R. AJamyl Bill Bachmann p1Ob. raprinted by permission of tnternational Music Publications Ltd . Corbis! Stapleton COllection p52b. raprinted by permission of Intarnational Music Publications Ltd. Lesson 3 : Extract from "Talk 10 me' by Liz Barry copyright C Uz Barry 2003. 44a . 74 . Stil l Pictures! Mark Edwards p107: Topfoto p5S<:. CorbIs! Jack HottingSWQrth pI21b1. reprinted by permission of Il1Iemationat Music Publications Lid. 121br.. 141 : Gettyl Image bank pp Ila..OO. t42c. 71c. reprinted by p8fmission 01 Music Sales Umited. All RighI!! Resel'Ve(t Intemational Copyright Secured. Alamyllogram Publishing.bibIe. CortIisI Stave Thornton p142e. 114br. Infograms pI14t1 . Corbis . Bloomsbury pp 62b. soc. Lesson 4: Extract from "Web Issues' by Adrian Tennant copyright CI Adrian Tennant 2003. Ma(l8zi116 September 1999. Sty1ianos N . USAIW_ Chappell North America.Thailand 20 11 2010 2009 2008 2007 1098765432 . Dictionary work: Extracts taken from the Macmillan English AdvancfJd Dictionary for L(lBmers of American English Cl Bloomsbury PlIblishing Pic 2002 . London. EMI Mllsic Publishing Ltd . Corbis! Jon Feingersh p116. Bridgeman! Piarra Augusta Renoir 1841-1919 -.. 142a.1. 00. Alamy! Jean Luc Morales p32 . 4&:1 . Alamyl Stephen Voss p10Sa. 1341.

Communicate with Attitude With so lid learni ng foundations. and approach learning with attitude! Attitude lets you be who you really are . Attitude engages students in a learni ng experience that is both meaningful and re levant to their current reality_ Develop w ith Attitude Attitude introduces a unique focus on the development of study and writing skills. and fol low-up tasks.in English! . empowering students to become effective learners through awareness-raising activities. reflect who t hey are. Through a series of high -interest topics.Attit[!]de Build Positive Attitude Ensu ring that students have a positive attitude to learning is the key to thei r success. challenges. students will have the confidence to express t hemse lves. and reflective activities. learning tips.

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