Mike Sayer

Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside luke Prodromou

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~CMILLAN

leacher"s Edition'
Mike Sayer
Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside Luke Prodromou

Contents
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IV VI

Welcome to Attitude! Introduction Student's Book Contents Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Review 1 Unit4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Review 2 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Review 3 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Review 4 Songsheets Communication activities Workbook answer key Workbook audioscript

viii 6 16 26 36 38 48 58 68 70 80 90
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100 102 112 122 132 134 146 T262 T266

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Welcome to Attitude!
Dear Teacher.
Welcome to Attitude, the course that will help you transform your students from learners to successful users of English. The course follows our USER approach. where students ...

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Understand language use in context.

Strengthen communicative skills.

Explore the structures and use of the English language. Recycle and retain previously learned language.

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Understand language use in context Students must encounter language in context to see how it is used. Every lesson in Attitude begins with exposure to the language in situations which allow the user to make a personal connection with the topic. In order to take a more active role, users are often invited to comment on or discuss an aspect of the theme before any formal explanations are introduced. Strengthen communicative skills Most students evaluate their language ability by how well they can speak. Speaking starts early in Attitude and is often integrated with the other skills to encourage communication. All skills in Attitude are practiced interactively: both the listening and the reading tasks encourage student s to actively construct meaning and respond appropriately. Writing is often a forgotten skill. but in Attitude it forms an integral part of each lesson, and is given a special place in Develop your writing sections which present and practice varying aspects of the writ ing process. In the fourth lesson of each unit, students have an additional opportunity to use newly learned language in the contelct of a real life task carried out with a group of classmates. Not only do students use English to negotiate the task with their fellow students. they also further extend their command of the language by comparing their process to that of a group of native speakers they hear performing the same task. Explore the structures and use of the English language In Attitude, grammar is presented and practiced in a straightforward yet meaningful way. Students are often presented with an inductive task in which they have to figure out how the structure works in English, discovering both use and form . They then have opportunities to practice that structure and the chance to connect the language with their own world. feelings and memories. The Develop your learning section introduces further learner training techniques to help students become better learners.

previously learned language D Recycle and isretain important in language learning, but quality repetition is vital. Attitude has three built-in, Repetition very unique ways of recycling the language within and between units to ensure recall: _lesson four in every unit has been written to reintroduce and re-contelctualize the language in the previous unit, taking into account the language accumulated up to that point in the book. The aim is to reinforce understanding of the language and how it is used, through real-world tasks. _ Language is also reintroduced by the Language Resource sections found at the end of each unit. These are more than just summaries of grammar and vocabulary, they promote an active, awareness-raising process of review. - The Review units are a user-friendly way of revising. They have a test-like quality but are also varied and fun to do.
As each lesson in Attitude progresses, the language needs of the learner evolve. They need more challenging contexts in which to stretch their English to the limits. So Attitude builds on the topiCS and activities of the lesson's initial stages, focusing increasingly on freer tasks where students have the opportunity to explore the language as it relates to their own experience.

Attitude gives students a unique opportunity to find their own voice and to be who they really a re - in English'

The Authors

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Feedback
We'd love to hear how Attitude is working for you. Please send a ny comments or experiences you'd like to share with us to attitude@macmi1lan .com.

What's in Attitude?
A ttitude for students
The six levels of Attitude take learners from starter

to advanced. Each Student's Book contains twelve
units, each of which focuses on different aspects of an overall theme over four lessons. Students are

presented with content that is interesting and thought provoking, and from which language ski ll
development exercises naturally flow. Key support

for reading texts and other activities is provided
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through Glossaries and Notes. There are

A lesson from the Studenfs Book

comprehensive language Reviews and sections
developing writing and self-study skills.

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Attitude Workbooks consolidate and practice the language presented in the Student's Books. The same activities are available in a choice of print format (with audio CD), or on an interactive CD-ROM. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, reading and listening activities relate to the topics in the Student's Book. language Practice activities consolidate the language learned in a particular unit. The Grammar Summary is a useful resource fo r when a Student's Book is not to hand.

Watch w ith Attitude
Attitude DVDs offer high-interest video clips, linked in theme and content to the Student's Book. The DVD itself contains pronunciation, speaking, and everyday English activities. In addition, DVD Activity Books offer a variety of activities to guide students through the DVD. Teaching with Attitude DVDs is easy - just press play on your remote control and let students practice and learn; it's rewarding - students understand real language and culture seen in contexts that immed iately come to life; and it's fun students get to watch lV to learn!

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'" a Worksheet from the DVD Activity Book.

Attitude for teachers
Teachers working with Attitude can make use of the follo wing resources:

Attitude Teacher's Edition
An interleaved format combines the Student's Book content with all of the elements needed to make teaching with Attitude a success.

Attitude Class Audio CDs
Two CDs per level contain all the listening material associated with the Student's Book lessons. They include cover versions of the commercially available songs referred to in the text.

Attitude Resource Books
Over thirty activities from a variety of authors provide options for supplementing the Student's Book and Workbook, particularly in the areas of speaking and writing . Each activity is based on a photocopiable worksheet, and is accompanied by comprehensive instructions for its implementation.

Attitude Test CD ROM
The test CD ROM contains a wealth of testing resources to help you place students within the program and then monitor and grade their progress. Tests come in both ready to print and editable formats.

Welcome t o

.... _ ..._ ... ~'-...-. ...-... The Student's Book page This is reproduced full size and in color Objectives The objectives for each lesson are cont ained in a chart at top of the page._-..... ""-():)O_ " " " ~":!......_.--"' -__-._ _---_ ----_ ------_ _. ... .. --__-_ " .:._......_-_ ...-...._.. -~...._... 1 ...""..... .... __ .. ~........-_.. .......1:10 !-' 0 ... ._--_ --""- ..__ " _ . . ..~ . _ .._--.. ...... .-..... .-_-..-.............---.... ..-.. In these cases you will find a note indicating where to refer to..... ~ @ n__ oI VOII_ ..._---"-"-...._ .....- ....... --.... 1 ..-. . _. 4 . . .---.'- ..--.......·..---_..-. -... _...... _ ... ... ...... ........---...__--_... 01 ""' __ . .. ...... _ . -.-..... ....... ........ _")0-....... _ ..- ._ ._.... ..___ .- ~ @..-. ..... ........ ..... . - po....... _ .... ... .._--_ . "'.... ... . • r.. -----.. "'--........._.."... -"'.... .._-......1oo> oM t '" "'- It ' '''_ ... -' --_ '---'''-'-_ ....::-.._ ..--_ ......... ... . oMl. ... Occasionally....... '..... "'-_._-..... _ .....-_............-.__.~. __ '''---. ..............._ _ '''---'-'' . .__ _.-_""" '_""'00... the audioscripts are printed at the bottom of the page where they are to be used.._........-" dod"".-. ~ .. .. _._. ......._ ..... .. ...... ---~... .-'_. --_..._-..:'....--. Overprinted Answers Answers for many of the exercises appear overprinted on the Student's Book page. ..._... .."' _... .....-::<i..._-~- ...-~-~--~- --.... • Add value to your classes with alternative presentations and additional activities.. ....... __-.. .......... . --.... ... -_ . _. _ ..-~ C!J't. _ . .. ..... --»-_... t ..Introduction The Attitude Teacher's Edition can help you to • • • Check the answers to an activity..... .. ....<1 ..-_.--~-­ -~ -- :~..... -........ _... --.bo olH! -._... ... .. ~<....... .. _ _ _ _ _ ... .. _ ....... .---...®... ' _. . l er......-' __ _-_... ' ..."... to facilitate both planning and carrying out the lesson.. ..... making them easy to find._---... _---_ _----__---_. . .--_ _ _ _--_ .... Gt_ _ .... -' ..... ..... ..n ---_.. .... __ .. Check the aud ioscript for a listening activity. . "". .. Introduction .. --__---__--_.-__ . .. .. . . . ......'" . --... '-.....- . Audioscripts Wherever possible. ..~-~ p.-._--..."'-' .... . -. ..-. _ 'bill'...... ....__.. Plan how you will introduce and monitor the exercises..---_-.....-_ ----.--.. - . ._.... tllI' . ~. ...--_ . ...__ _... _.. ........ --~ .. .. due to lack of space an audioscript may be located on an adjacent page.. .. .. Spooll.. _ .'----........... . ... """ .

. Topics covered include the following: Introduce the topic: ideas are provided for you to vary the way you introduce each lesson. etc. alternatives are provided for you to vary the presentation of the exercises in the Student's Book. See Icons Explained for more details Note: The icons are intended as a guide to help you. Often these activities can be carried out without having students refer to their Student's Books.ate.Icons Explained Additional Notes Within shade boxes you will find a variety of information that will be invaluable when you have time available to plan your classes in depth. Additional activity: activities that extend the exercises in the Student's Book are provided for you to use if time allows. The icons you will find are as follows: Classroom organization Students work individually Students work in pairs Students work in small groups of between three and five students Students work together as a whole class t t ~. Quick grammar guide: background regarding the grammar point and a list of typical student errors to watch out for. Presentati on alternative: frequently.is/are eating.---' This section shows how much time ___---' remains in the lesson. This section shows how much time will have been used up at the start of the exercise.to eat. A lifeline when preparation time is limited! Workbook Answers and Audioscripts At the end of the Teacher's Edition you can find the answers for the Workbook exercises and the audioscripts for the listening passages in the Workbook. Procedural Notes Real classroom research underpins the choice of what to include in the procedural notes for a given activity. present progressive . etc. Attitude uses the following terminology to refer to verbs: infinit ive . Pronunciation not e : background to the pronunciation point and ideas for further practice exercises to help students in this area. etc. Introduction . . Often these activities invite students to contribute their own ideas. etc. and provide information that is immediately relevant to the classroom situation. The notes for an exercise are easy to find thanks to the color coded reference.eat/eats. Often your own classroom situation will determine which is the most effective way to approach an activity. we have provided plenty of space in the margin for you to make your own notes. sleep.. sleep/sleeps. is/are sleeping.eat. If while planning your lesson you decide to do things differently. slept. This section shows how much time to dedicate to the exercise. The Teacher's Edition includes icons that suggest classroom organization and how much time to allot to each exercise. etc. Icons Icons in the margin give information on suggested classroom organization and on the comparative timings of the exercises. simple present . simple past . infinitive with to . to sleep.II •• • Timing The timing icon provides three pieces of information at a glance.

. Lesson 4 Urban myths ~I ' U"' ~·~~~~~ esotnC .:.44 Rec.. tIYd conciticnaI .coon LiteratlK9 Cootmo""'" context lesson 3 Fad 10 fonlosy 62 Review: the passive Avoiding repetition -:.!::::::~..de: presslI perlecl.~ . used with present perfect Vocabulary summary Unit 4 Longuoge Resource lesson 1 Inventions 48 Third conditIOnal Everyday oqocts Descrorg lox! 50 i' 52 ""'" Stn= 00 """"""" "'" """'" Unit 5 Language Resource Lesson 1 Foc1 or fdian? 56 58 Grammar summary.... 64 Rec)de: past J)€rlect sfTl)e c:nd p-oges:sfIIe.!:.-_.~Voc ~b~ summary .. ~G = m ::.:.!~~ ~:::~M ~' ulary . Vocabulary summary ~ Oe<>..:...

.. DesIgrrog and presenUlg a .......'''". - '-- Coo1pM"lg a wntten and spokeJl text ~ A_ -"'" """"" a quiz A """""'" A""""".......'fVie'w An Internet artiCle A discussion '- AIoct"" A"""" _.Skills Development Reading Amagazine artide An informal e-mail ~ Writing Ustening Speaking Develop your learning/Writing A"... MakI'lQ' associations with ""'" "'*'- ~ and COIlIf'aStng Usng a dctionary AITWi autobiography Interviews A conversation Writing questions fa( A quiz ---"" rnormatlOO Discussing personal regrets Discu:ssng use of ceIphones '-- Short biography extracts - '- InslructOOs i Infonnal e-mails An int€.. Develop your leaming AIoct"" A tou"gUde -""'Exctmgng rnormaticrl obout """" Mnd"...

verbal Unit 7 language Resource 78 80 Grammar summary.hkefs expressng contrast ~ deso Oil IQ persalaity Intonation of feE*'lg 74 76 The --#Ig verb Recyde: ded. Vocabulary summary Ncul clauses (1) (uSi:lg wtJ-question words) lesson 1 The great picture Trnck <Yld field . the pa$SIYe vocal.ctiooary work 134 146 152 158 ... 72 L. 86 92 94 Recycle: linkers expressing contrast and -Ing verbs Grammar Vocabulary summary Non-de!ifvng relatrve clauses Your mage and healtl1 l esson 2 1.Language Development Vocabulary .". WId reialrvs clauses Unit 9 Language Resource ""'" "'""" 98 Grammar summary.0. Vocabulary summary Songsheets Corrv'nurlcatkln acllvrties [)..how Unit 8 language Resource lesson 1 Beauty Of health? .. Vocabulary sunmary Lesson 1 ~O 102 104 AEMew and extension: The world around us Lesson 3 GM 106 lood Unit 12 Language Resou rce 130 Grammar summary.ctol and possbity n \he past. lag .lace Pronunciation Body language UtSSOfl 2 Body lolk lesson 3 Dishonesty lesson 4 Interview Visuol.

face Inlervie'l-v with an expert Making inferences about _oct~ - A questionnaire A short stOl'j Job ads.atyzing learning styles A magazif)El article A FAO page Extracts from a science book A FADs 011 a website A college seminar '- ATV A radiO interview of cordl.--~~--~-----.d./s and interviewe!s ' notes Discussing a moral dilemma A role play An interview panel ~ Assessing candIdates Making a presentation AAI M I Using a monolingual dictionary Extracts from a sports according to Ranking photographs criteria from a martial arts A radiO phone-in M informaJ convetSation A role play --.Skills Development Reading A psycfloIogy article ~ Writing A detailed description Ustening Speaking Describing people's faces Develop your learning/writing of. Working IoVilh An __ Develop your learning exam leallet An informal talk A{jreeing and disagreeing """"'""" >Nith statements Discussing further educatioo i A quiz website ad Anewspaper article The writing part of an . O.~~~~--~~----~------~~~~--~---.~~~~---A radio presenter's notes A presentation Develop your writing A short report Discussing beauty and how it is maintained artiCle Anewspaper artiele A radio discussion 1 "'" ''''' of inproving All informal discussion Ar.

. however... My first name . who Unit 1 You and me .. Or maybe the artist's real name doesn't '-. so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man . such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile. And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele. Let's be honest. Dylan '"-" Thomas. most people never By Alex McCarthy change their names even if they feel unhappy about them. To avoid this situation they sometimes gave themselves men's names.. Bob.. b Read the article below. Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth.to something that is more recognizable in a market.. . so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot. sounds nice. . . some people do take this course of action- wrote under 75 different names. For example.1 Speaking skill s a Pu t a chock nexl to the wo rds that describe your firs t name or your last name. So in the film world.. b In groups.. is traditional.. e.. Find the names that these peop le use. .. is easy to pronounce. My last name .. the reason is for social. it may be changed '-. The reason? "When I use a different name. is fashionable. . Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Bob Dylan because 0"... Neftalf Reyes. Look at some names of your new clients. Ram6n Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen . is common in my country. Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as easy to remember as just plain "Madonna" .. At other times the reason may appear eccentric. Of course. and she did get her books publ ished! GLOSSARY pseudonym an invented name that an arti~t uses publicly instead of their real name particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it's for purely personal reasons.." he explained. . take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa. However.. . but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood. historical. Another reason may be practicality: in the past.. women found it very difficult to get published. political. Would you advise them to keep their names or change them? Why? I Why not? William Bradley Louise Ciccone Ram6n Estevez Mary Ann Evans Neftali Reyes Robert Zimmerman Brad Pitt Madonna Martin Sheen George Eliot Pablo Neruda Bob Dylan .. He didn't want his father to know he was writing poetry. if a name sounds too "foreign". exch ange information about your names.. his admiration for the Welsh poet.sound very attractive . Here are some of the most common .Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton Artists sometimes choose the name of someone they admire.. . or cultural reasons. Sometimes names are changed for marketing purposes.g.. In most cases. The person's real name is just too long and difficult to remember. has a meaning. a Imagine you are an agent for unknown actors and singers. has a diminutive.. 2 Reading skill s . . I always write in a different way. is easy to spell. . Liz.

not worrying about words they don't know. 2 Reading skills Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a in pairs. not really. [s your first name fashionable? No. Lizzie.Objectives Grammar Topic: names Pronunciation sentence stress Reading a magazine article simple present. Elizabeth hos many diminutives. My name is Elizabeth Mon tgomery. or they could ask and answer questions. and then get brief feedback from the class. Ask whether anybody knows by what name any of these people are better known. My name is quite common but not very fashionable. Then put students in groups of three or four to do Exercise tb. They could either take turns to summarize information. I really like my name. simple past Speaking exchanging information about names Write your nome on the board and tel! students something about it This provides a good model to help students do Exercise lb_ For example. Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to check the words that describe their names in Exercise la. My first nome's a traditional nome and pretty common but not vef}' popular. liz. Encourage students to focus on finding the names. Allow a few minutes. Model what you want the students to say. Beth. Read aloud the task in Exercise 2b. Set a time limit for the reading (four minutes) to make sure that students read quickly. It's difficult to spell and pronounce. Tell students that these are the real names of well-known stars. You ond me T6 Unit 1 .

Quick grammar guide: The use and form of the simple present and simple post are. Then ask them to decide which verbs ore in the simple present and . are not stressed. She does likes .. Do this in groups or as a whole class. She ~ have. students at this level regularly make errors with certain forms that they need to be reminded of. Ask students to complete Exercise 3b individually. 14IR}' 1R~' fJ. to underline all/he verbs in sentences 1to 6.. simple past Common prob4ems ond errors Students often forgelthe third person form. II is important to get students to exaggerate the stress when practicing pronunciation.Ask slurlents to do Exercise le. ask them if they can tell you the answer to the questions in Exercise 4b . review. like articles. Go around the class and help stu dents. You could osk them 10 think of a nome in English or their own language. She like . Ask students to work in pairs to mark the stresses in the conversation in Exercise 4c . 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past Have students match the sentences with the definitions in Exercise 3a. t ·· a Presentation alternative Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d .l'e you Ihal nickname? English uses auxiliary verbs for emphasis. and connecting words. 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress Quickpronunciation guide English is a stress-timed language. F ask students irst. If you feel thai siudenls may find this matching losk difficult.. An swers: Verbs and nouns are stressed. Tell students to try saying the sentences to each other in an exaggerated "English" way to help them work out which words might be stressed.. 5 Speaking skills Ask students 10 discuss the topics in small groups and tllCn report their findings 10 the class. Some students may still be translating word for word from their own language. Addrtional activity Ask students 10 listen and check their answers. After students have listened to and noticed the stressed words in the sentences in Exercise 4a . and it is an area in which it is easy to make errors in form. simple present. Then have thorn check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. . ask students to match the sentences with the definitions. Students may forget to use do/n'll/doesln'l} and did!n'l! when forming questions and negatives. This moy be a new area for students to grasp. 0 Q pop slor Q movies/or a politician a foolball player Q leacher \'-----~ \~'-------~ Do you like the name? What does your fomily call you? A So what does your fomily call you? B They call me "Buzz: A "Buzz?" Why do they call you -Buzz"? B Because when I was a kid.. Ask them to work individually and then compare their answers with a partner. I mode that sound when I played with my corso A Do you like the nome? Unit] T7 You ond me . Speakers of some languages tend not to give the strong syllables enough emphasis and give too much stress to weak syllables. of course. Words that don't carry the main meaning of the sentence. I R6 like il.•.. Ask students in their groups to decide what they think would be the perfect pseudonym for peaple who wont 1 do the following iobs..-hich verbs are in the simple post. Final~. Stressed syllables are given much greater weight than weak syllables. Play the audio for Exercise 4d a second time so that students can listen and repeat. auxiliary verbs. break it down inlo simpler stages.. However. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class.

A Weird! And when did they give you your nickname? B When I 5 w as (be) about four. A So what does your family call you? B They call me " Buzz". a 5 In the past.BY. you think? Ma donna. b 2 Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton.. 5 Speaking skills a In groups. r 3 The Earth moves around the sun once every 365 days... " .. __ L _ 51 . Brad Pitt. d a b c d c a single action that is now finished a regular. A "Buzz"? Why 2 did they ~ (give) you that nickname? 8 Well. but I wouldn't want my friends to call me "Buzz"! . 1 Oid anything in the article surprise you? If so. I 7 like (like) it. {fI.) are stressed more than others. c (j I feel unhappy about my name.!l!!.c Who said these things? Read the article again and 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress write the pseudonyms. but when I was a child I always 4 said (say) Buzz. Pele •• 3 The change means I can get my work published. don'. George Eliot 4 Basically. verbs. Notice how some words in the sentence one possible name. (There may be more than a Listen.. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past a Match the sentences with the correct definition. Then repeat. b Tell the class about anything interesting you discovered. So they called me "Buzz".. A "Bt!zz"? Why do they c: ll you "B ~zz"? B Becat se when I was a k!d I made that sound when I played with my c: rs. articles? Why? c Mark the stressed words in this conversation.". but my family calls me "Buzz". when children play with cars they nonnally 3 . talk about the following: 1 your first name and how you got it.. 1 Well.aYU'~ nee. women found it very difficult to get published.. c 4 He changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man. A Do you lit e the n: me? • • • • d Listen and check your answers. 1 Artists often change their name. what? 2 Which names in the article do you like the most? Why? 3 Would you ever change your name? Why? I Why not? o What does your fami ly call you? b Which kind of words are stressed. (say) Brooomm. 2 It's much easier for people to remember. I changed it to make it sound more •• "A . I made the change because of my father.g. you like (like) the name? B Hmm.. nouns. Bob Dylan d DisCllss these questio ns.. repeated action a fact that is always true a present feeling or desire a continuous situation or a repeated action that is now finish ed f a present fact that the speaker wants to emphasize b Complete the conversation with the simple present or simple past. Pablo Neruda 5 I always admired him so that's why I adopted his name. A So what do your frien ds and family call you? B My friends here at college always 1 ~ (call) me Richard. A And 6 --.~ Do you like the name? \1' mencan . 2 your nickname and how you got it. e.

5 The analysis of Jane's handwriting suggests her personality is €§>! difficult.1: in "' .· Lesson 2 Signatures 2 Listening skill s a Write one of your answers from Exercise 1c onto a piece of paper and add your signatlUe. No !I'oy! flll/lJore light. 1 Rob is reading 1< a .Ch" "g r'" C' .... b Now compare your handwriting with other students. According 10 the /{Jble .. n . btll . is there any truth in graphology? irritating lonely organized proud realistic relaxed romantic serious shy Positive attractive V organized cooperative V realistic friendly . 1 The average handwriting is 3mm in height. I'm kind of relaxed because I think !Jfe is too short to worry.. baseball and Jane feels 6 Rob watches a lot okay about it I rritated by I .¥I9' C}v~ or is it (in one sentence)? Listen to a couple talking. She can talk for hours and that drives me crazy! c Which adjectives would you most like to be and which would you most hate to be? I'd love to be organized. c In pairs. \Vel/. neutral. but I'm not! I waste a lot of time... My cousin Mary is very irritating. How do yo u think they are feeling? Listen again... active attractive boring cold conservative cooperative friendly generous independent 3 Speaking skills a Complete the table on the opposite page for yourself by checking the "Me" column... Put a check by the adjectives in Exercise 1a that describe Jane.hearted. c. 2 Jane finds graphology nterestm boring. <lliE!Jj) 3 Rob treats Jane's comments seriously 1 4 Rob wants to ~I talk to fan e.. or negative meaning? Write them in the correct column.. b Look at your partner's handwriting sample from Exercise 2a. discuss the results.. Complete the "Partner" column. 5mall or average ? 2 Does your handwriting the left? slope to the right or 3 Are your letters ~ or 4 Do your leiters have separate ? ? b !t)(yJ~'~ 5 Does your hJ"1'\! always the sa me Lt"' <. I'd hate to be shy because it makes communication very difficult. Is yours large. generally speaking. "--' you tend to be serious.. relaxed t/ Neutral Negative active proud serious boring cold ttl' conservative irritating lonely USEFUL lANGUAGE Are you a shy person? generous V" independent romantic shy b Use the adjectives to describe yourself or someone you know. for leiters such as a. Are the descriptions correct for you and your partner? d In your opinion. 1 Vocabulary : adjecti ves describing perso na lity a Do you think the adjectives in the box have a positive.. .. e Choose the best answer. Unill You and me . yes.

Use questions in English to check students' understanding of these words. \1' 3 Speaking ski lls Have st udents do Exercises 3a and3b individually. Rob Okay. oncourage students to make guesses beforo using a diclionary to chock answers they are not sure of. Play the aud io for Exercise 2c . know to write their signature 00 (] piece 01 paper.. draw attention to the Usefu l Language box.'e can Iell a 101 about a person from a signature? IMlaI sex is this person? What can you say about hislhet personality? InfTOducethetopic 1 Vocabulary: adjec li ves describing personality For Exercise la . and then as k a few s tudents to lellthe class whal Ihey wro te. Jane If means rm serious ond generous. Ask students to mark \ho strong stress in cach word. Use (] photocopier 10 enlarge the signature. modest? Jane And my hondwriting is connected. attractive. Jane You're always watching it! Rob Oh. . showing the prolluncialion and stress. Then as k a few s tudents to te ll the class what their partner told thom.ho is unin teres ted in what Jane is say ing. Play tho audio again. you're doing very well. shy.lIId help studenls with ideas. Really interesting. The n ask students to do Exercise 2d . Rob Oh. Ask s tu den ts to do Exercise 2e individually and then check with a partner. and then ask students to answer the gist question. What else? Jane Well. Jane No. June is feeling annoyed and upse! Uocauso Rob isn't lis ten ing to he r. 2 Listening skills For ExeN:ise 2a . my \. Ask students to work in pa irs to share ideas for ExeN:ise le . but encourage them to think of more. Play the audio again if s tuden ts are not sure abou t some of tho answers.. Words thot may need checking ore: boring. don't exaggerate! I only watch ~ once a week. Put students in pairs or small grou ps to compare their handwriting and disc uss tho ques tions in Exercise 2b. so students should be able to guess their meaning.'-. actually il means I'm friendly and attractive. 3'--------------------------------------------------------. Thon give students the correct answers by read ing tho words aloud clearly. trs finishing now.. ask s tudonts to write the sentence and their signature on Il separate picce of paper.. Ask them to write at least two sentences. ask. Rob Well. Rob Yes.YI"iling slopes to the right. hondwrifing and personolity. Thol means yau're a great person. ask: Checking meaning Whot is the OPPOSite of boring? Which word is the opposite of outgoing and sociable? (shyl Which word means that you feel alone and friendless? (Ionelyl My class got the best grodes in the exom.. Most of these words ore cognates. Rob Friendly. Rob Gropho·whot? Jane Graphology. and tope it 10 the board to start the doss. right. For example.. and . er . Rob Well. Go a rou nd the class .. somebody students don'. oren" '/OO? But I want 'A watch this game. honey. Rob rm watching the game! Jone rm just doing this quiz obout graphology. How do I feel? (proudl Give s tudents a few minutes to think of things to say for the task in Exercise lb. Put stude nts in pairs to share their ideas. Jane You're olways watching baseball when I right? Jane Rob! Well. not in their notebooks. you dor'lll You watch baseball f?'Iery cloy' Rob Jane! You and me T8 Unitl . So whot does thot mean? Jane Hey. Too serious. Ans we rs: Rob is feeling mUlO yed becaus e he wants to wat ch the game .. look. You know. I knew thol anyway. kind of like this. Ask students Do you think v. I know. proud. Before doing Exercise 3e.mich means rm relaxed and cooperotive. They will need to pass their handwriting sample to other students in the class. want to talk! Rob I only watch baseball on<e 0 week.' Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing personality Reading on informal e·moil present progressive Ustening a conversotion Speaking analyzing and discussing hondwriting Before the lesson. look ot this. Jane And you know I've got kind of large hondwriling . lonely. Rob.

Know is a stalive verb. verbs of emotion llike. Here. wish). Unit 1 T9 You and me . Then check the answers in pairs before going through them with the whole class. Hold a feedback session with the whole class for Exercise 5d . I like French fries (always). love. hole. ti 5 Reading skills Set the scene for Exe rcise 5a by asking students to look at the e·mail and by asking a few simple questions: Who is writing? Who is she writing to? What subject is she writing about? Ask students to check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. ore useful groupings of slalive verbs. so. believe!. go through the rules in the Language Note. I ¥isiI my friends next Solurday. stative verbs tend to express permanency. progressive Common problems and etTOrs Students translate directly from their first language and use the simple present to refer to the future. She feels tired because she's working so hard. repeated action A futuro arrangement 2 3 Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 5b in pairs." She's seeing Dave Jenkins next Saturday. belong. Verbs of the mind (think" know. 2 3 4 They are friends. Hero. As students report their answers to the class. I am Argentinian (always!. Before students do Exercise 5c. make sure they understand that a pain is a very annoying persoll. Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 4b in pairs. Students have a problem recognizing and remembering when a verb is active or stative. and verbs of possession Ihave. Answers: 1 • Answers: 1 Here. 4 An irritat ing habit 5 617 A regular. own. have is a stative verb. Ask students if they can think of any other stative verbs (for example. won~. I have blue eyes lalways!. we use present progressive to describe something happening now. She feels irritated with Jenny because she is "a pain . ask them why they chose each tense. hear. Quick grammar guide: present The use of the present progressive in English to refer 10 future arrangements may confuse students. believe. it is a temporary situation. After checking the answers. Basically. She is 100 busy to write at other times.4 Grammar rev iew and extension : present progressive Ask students to do Exercise 4a individually.

the same irregular. apartment. life isn't all bad. friendly shy.~h~J. likes money M. d This describes an irritating habit thai someone has. 1 I can 'I go for a walk right now because a This describes a situation thai is developing or I'm studying for an exam. I'm belonging to a tennis club. Answer the questions. X I'm tired. b There are some mistakes in the senlences below.i'im:~~ e c Tell your partner about someone you know who is "a pain". It's only or a ew weeks but it's horrible. a do the (l:!!!. generous modes!. proud. relaxed strong.Characteristic 1 2 Example Meaning serious. creative. Jane You and me Unit] ./ ". disciplined independent cooperative. delicious. changes large 3 4 "'"" ~ upright ~ 5 6 7 re9ular ir re filar 8 •• big loops ~ . active. I want 1 Mmm ./ X Mmm. I work like a slave ! There's this girl I work with. 10 small loops ( / rI~. 2 Are you knowing that strange man across the street? X Do you know 3 I see what you mean. ::=wa y. but in fact he's always complainin e s suppose I make rench he never doe / she's never doing anything .t's1>he only time I have to do an so busy! I have V I'm having a new job 'm workin I work at Faa 0 Go. conservative warm. X 5 Reading skills a Read jane's e-mail to Maureen. e This describes an action happening now. d Share your stories with the cJflSS. seein])him next Saturday night ! Write soon. liberal. " ( writ!"!? '- 4 Grammar review and extension: present progressive a Match these examples of the present progressive with their meanings. Partner large handwriting small handwriting slopes to the right slopes to the left upright connected regular. Choose the correct tense.. . LANGUAGE NOTE Stative verbs are not normally used in the progressive form because the speaker is describing "states" and not "actions". V' 4 I'm having two brothers and a sister. It's midn ight and I'm tired but 1 I write I'm writing a you 'nee I'm now beca~. b Read the e-mail again. Remem ber Dave Jen kins? 8 I see / Love. Correct the wrong ones. I belong to a tennis club . I'm liking Ihis wine. I like this wine. 2 The rate of inflation is rising quickly now. S I'm seeing my parenls n ext weekend . I think 4 you're knowing you know her. There's a guy in my closs wha thinks he knows everything. irritable romantic. b This describes a temporary situation or activity. changing. a good friend relaxed. 1 What is the relationsh ip between Maureen and Jane? 2 Why is Jane writing so late al night? 3 How does Jane feel? Why? 4 What is Jane's good news'? Hi Maureen. creative realistic. a fast food place. He's always interrupting the teacher. . Put a check next to the correct sentences. X I have 5 She's very rich ! She owns three houses and two apartments! V' 6 I'm being tired and am wanting to go on vacation. 3 You're always watching baseball! --_~/'\/ c This describes a definite arrangement that will 4 I'm staying with a friend until I find happen in the future. Jenny Carpenter? She' now t. she always complains I'm making the bur fries.). delicious..

red.blue eyes can be cold. brown. dull) 5 red (loving. negative) 8 white (pure. blond. please (or Coffee with cream). fun) 7 black (unhappy. rose. ~ please.:mill. aggressive) 6 gray (respectable. Do you agree or disagree with the descriptions of the colors below? Give reasons. I agree that blue is cold . blue. groon. Why? I think that blue is a calm calor. e- Unit 1 You and me . white.. yellow b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 14. light. yellow LANGUAGE NOTE - eggs wine coffee meat bread eyes hair people (skin color) eggs . hazel. U you want coffoo with . 1 blue (radical.eo- - 1 Vocabulary: colors a What color terms do you associate with tho items in the box? Make combinations with these words. dark. death-like) b Think of other adjectives that you associate with these colors. If you wanl coffee witho~ milk. you caP _ ea- 2 Speaking skills a We often associate words. say Coffee. fri endly) 3 yellow (qujet. gray. with colors.. cold) 2 brown (warm.brown. say white coffee. In British English.:. say Black coffee. It's a good color fo r bedrooms. especially adjectives. white. black. bappy) 4 green (polluting.

Okay. Bul as you will see taler in this talk. whal do I mean when I soy that color is not an international concept? The color red is the some for a person from Thailand and a person from Venezuela.. we feel there is no light. this color rePfesents alilhot is dork and negotive in our world.-. this is probably the strongest color of all . the idea is tha t you eat fa st and go. As on experiment. Now. "'--- .-- - . tel's begin with color number one. slightly green color. we'liloak at the role of colors in our life. II is no accident that "The God of War"" is named Mars.the king of colors! We associate it with strong emotians such as anger and passion. Then ask stu dents to work in pairs to do the tasks in Exercises 28 and 2b . Irs the color 01 fire and it gives heal.. such as dealh and wor? So.Objectives Vocabulary colors and color collocations Topic: colors Writing a paragraph Ustening a lecture Speaking making associations with colors Ask a few personalized questions 1 sellhe topic for the lesson: Whars your favorite color? Why? Are there 0 Introduce the topic any colors you don't/ike? What colors do you generally wear? What color is your bedroom? 1 Vocabulary: colors Direct students' attention to lho Language Note before asking them to do Exercise 1 a in pairs. very different In the second port of this lecture. And within one culture. I will look at how color is interpreted In different ways by different cultures.. you see. only darkness. irs the color of evil. In our cuUure. Brie ny elicit answers from the class. butI'm not 0 going to menlioo the names ollhe colors! See if you can guesS !he IWo colors I'm lalking about. Colors affect our lives and our feelings in many wafS. And what do you calithatlype of humor that laughs at terrible things in life. can be very. Now bock to my lillie experiment. Can you guess the two colors I wos talking about? You and me T 10 Unill .. In the first part of this lalk.. In most Western cultures. Welcome to the first lecture on ·CoIors and Culture: We're going to explore the ossocia1ions thot colors have in our culture today. lers start. Bul before t begin. Irs also the color 01 wor. we associate this calor with powerful emotions like anger. and it gives us energy. It's the color of death. Now for the second color..----. •• Mako sure students find the corroct section of the Vocabulary Summary on page 14 for Exercise lb. and that we often refer to the planet Mars with this color. 2 Speaking skills Discuss the first color (blue) as a class to get students started. Why? Well. t just wont to say that color is not on internolioool concept. In such situations. We also associate the color with high temperatures! It's also the color of love and revolution. we all shore the some associations. I'm going 1 talk oboul two different colors. Noto: hazel is a light brown. In most cultures. as I said before. no! all cultures see colors in the some way. Okay. Irs no accident that many fast food restaurants are often painted in Ihis color. But what Ihat color means . and irs no surpl"ise that at a funeral most people wear this color. we use it to talk about unhappy feelings and unhappy situations. this color means sadness. I wont 10 ploy a lillie game with you. the association . For Exercise 3 on page 11 :::.

'--. . Encourage them to practice using English to talk about their own culture. let them listen again.. The texts can then be returned to their writers. For Exercise 4d distribute the paragraphs randomly so that each student has a piece of writing that be longs to another student .ouse life and death are connected. but when you go to Japan you realize Ihat white hos completely different associations . lers turn to the ideo that different cultures interpret colors in different ways. 3 Listening skills Encourage lots of speculation in Exercise 3a as students try to predict the content of the lecture from the litle. While is now also becoming common 01 weddings. -oltemattve The oudioscript for Track 4 is on page no II. white also has associations with being born again . irs a happy color..-----. let me give you on example -the color white.. For Exercise l e. Students cou ld compare their notes with lhose of a partner before doing Exercise 4c. you may need to play the audio twice before students get all the answers. You con understand this . so. Answers: The speaker talks about red and black. white represents deoth.like. check students understand thai fiery refors to colors associated with fire and that JlOvy blue is a dark blue color traditionally used in sailors' uniforms. for the Japanese. and we even hove a type of music coiled "the blues" . go around the class.which originated from the sadness of the slaves in the southern Stotes.tIite usually means something pure and cleon. blue is associated with peace and tranquility. blue hos a complele1y different meaning. In the States.. Okay. but this is nattradilional. But be<. Once you have discussed the answers with the class. A 'white wedding' is on interesting example of how one culture will be inftuenced by another culture and "barrow" or adopt a new custom. \'.. helping students with ideas and vocabulary.. On lhe Greek. in some cultures. As students take notes in Exercise 4b.. Allow students to hear the audio only once to answer the gist question in Exercise 3b.-. of lhe blue Mediterranean $eo and the bright blue skies. collect them and correct them.S" you'll see peaple dressed in block at funerals. and they ore stunningly beautiful. So in most cultures in the U. o T 4 Writing skills Before doing Exercise 4a . And that purity is symbolized in a bride when she wears white in a "white wedding: We might also soy thot her cheroder is -whiter than white" or "as white as snow: Now thors in the United States. Lers toke another example: blue in the United States is associated with sadness . Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. but in contrast in Japan you con see people wearing white.. Unill T 11 You and me . Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. islonds.we talk about feeling blue when we feel sod or depressed. it is associated with rebirth.. for example.think. In Greece. After students hove wrinen their texts. Start rhe next lesson by handing OUIthe texts at random and asking students to read and guess rhe writer. however. You cou ld guess from the colors' associations. a lot of the hooses are pointed in while and blue.

Listen and complete them.3 Listening skills o a You are going to listen to part of a lecture on "Colors and Culture". Would you be attracted to this person? Why? I Why not? b Make notes on these questions.dings whiter than white 11 funera ls feelin~ blue = sa or 13 m USiC 10 I<ha [ a!O!!. happiness /mdes. What do you thi nk the speaker will talk about? b Listen to Part 1 of the lecture. 1 What do blue and white mean in your country? 2 What do you personally associate with these colors? 3 Do you have any expressions in you r langu age related to these colors'? What are they? Can you think of expressions related to other colors? 4 What other colors have sp ecial mean ings in your country? Are there expressions related to these colors? '- 4 Writing skills a Read this short text. Read out th e paper your teacher gives to you. 9 wfui:e -wed. Can the other students guess who the writer is? Youond me Unit l . if any. Wh ich two colors does the speaker talk about? How did you guess? Look at th e notes a studen t made on Part 2 of "Colors and Culture". d Give your paper to the teacher.S.l[ 12 dep ressed the flues called hOllses painted blue & w hite 14 "--- d Discuss these ques tions. don't you like and wh y? 4 Do the colors of your clothes represent your personality? Why? / Why n ot? c Use your notes to write a short paragraph like the one in Exercise 4a. 1 How imp ortant is the color of clothes to you? 2 What colors do you tend to wear and why? 3 What colors in clothes. 4 G>eec£ 5 PIICb': 6 deat h 7 sadness 8 peace. \1' c r--1 'Wbit~ U. 2 Ilu!an 3 U·S. tranquill ity.

o 5 Compare 3 Prepare In pairs. J It shows . 1 Do you have a favorite artist? Who is it? What type of work does/did the person do? 2 Do you have a favorite painting? Talk about it. Types of painting b Discuss these ques tions... and the clothes a Listen to a tour guide talking to visitors in an art gallery.) 2 Task In groups. II shows .. Then listen to the tour guide again and check your answers. 1 [ think it's German.. She's wearing . An abstract work A self· portrait (of . An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painting (by .. Use tbese categories: The people and the place The activities The feelings.. write a short description comparing and contrasting the two paintings.. put the words and phrases into the appropriate category in the tahle. How many of your points does the speaker mention? Make a note of the points you missed.... the city the country fashion landscapes passion portraits scheme seascapes theme the lown 4 Feedback Report the differences you found to the class... . 3 Both paintings have a similar theme 4 Red is the color of love and passion Unitl You and me . .. . Listen to the other pairs and note down any differences that you didn't find.. ~ b Read the sentences below and complete them with some of the words from the box... 1 Renoir painted portraits and landscapes 2 The two paintings show dancers in the city and in the country . I like it because of the In the foreground/backgroun d you can see. Phrases describing paintings U's a picture oflwo . the colors. quickly find as many differences as you can between the two paintings above and write them down.1 Warm up a In pairs. ) An abstract work A self-portrait (of. A water color An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painling (by . In the foregroundlllacksround you can see . I like it because of Lhe .. A water color It's a picture of two She's wearing .. . I think irs Gennan .

Ask students to listen and note the points the speaker mentions. Introducelhe Iopk 1 Warm up Ask students to do Exercise 1a in pairs. Then put students in small groups to extend the lists. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exer cise s b before playing the audjo again so that they can check their answers.perhaps a ballroom. Model answer: The people and the place I the activities Both paintings show a man and woman dancing. whereas in the second painting they are in a very grand building . Ask students to walk around the class.she's holding a fan. Give a short time limit. In both paintings. In both paintings. and decide on their favorite. In the first painting. they are outside. self-portrait (a painting of the artist by the artist). The man looks passionate and in love with the woman. check that they have understood portrait (a painting of a person). Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise I b as a brief open class activity. Once students are seated. say four minutes. present progressive a comparative description Speaking comparing and contrasting paintings Bring in pictures of famous paintings. The feelings. cui from magazines. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 5a. you can see plants in the background. The oudioscript for Track 6 is on page Tl3 '!II You and me T 12 Unitl . ask.Objectives Grammar Topic: art Reading comparing a written and spoken text Writing Ustening a tour guide simple present.she is probably richer and more sophisticated than the woman in the first picture. as students write their descriptions. 2 Task Get students started by eliciting two or three differences from the class and writing them on the board. Let students compare their notes in pairs before discussing as a class. When students report back to the class. look 01 the paintings. 3 Prepare Go around the class. Put them on the classroom walls at the start of the lesson. helping with vocabulary and language use. and the clothes The woman in the first painting seems happy. In the first painting. the man is wearing a black suit and the woman is wearing a light dress. and landscape (a painting of a scene in the country). 4 Feedback Ask a few pairs to stand up and tell the class what differences they found. the woman is wearing a red hat and gloves . a few to tell the class which painting they liked and why. simple post. The woman in the second painting is wearing a beautiful dress and white gloves . The woman in the second painting seems cold and uninterested. Encourage the rest of the class to take brief notes as they listen . the colors.

you could refer to them again for Exercise 7a. You can see Ihe first one's smiling and seems really happy. Iheme: young couples dancing... leI's begin by looking at the people. uh . So. Culture note The pointing in lhe righl-hond margin of Ihis page is Picadilly Orcus by laurence Stephen lowry (1887-19761. can I just ask you a question? There's something I don'l understand here .. in Donce in the City.. surrounded by painlings. Okay. so . as you can see they both have a similar ". but. Co around lhe class and help. in love with lhe man... but how do we know she's in love? Guide How do we know she's in love? Well. He was. uh. Renoir was 0 French Impressionist . Divide the closs into groups of four. For Exerc ise Sa on page 12 1't Tour guide Now. now. he mostly pointed por1raits and landscapes. Unill T1 3 Yovondme . and he is standing very close to lhe young lady. now here we see IWO of Renoir's besl·known paintings: the first one Is called Donee in the Counlry. Okay.one of the best. Dance in the City. For Exercise G ask students to work in pairs.. interesting differences. Additional activity Imaginary art gallery. of . . uh . He painted all kinds of pictures. uh. find ouf which students in each group really broughl their paintings to life. we notice is lhe mon in the first pidure. uh . Notice that in bo!h pictures we hove a young couple dancing.. we can see tha t the colors are generally more somber. if we turn 1 the 0 second picture. we . the first thing we nolice is the woman's red bonne!. we can'! really see fhe man's foce at 011.. a famous British painter who specialized in crowded urban scenes.. you see there? Oh yes..•• 6 Notice Be fore asking students to do Exercise 6a. kind of . Tourist 2 Sorry.. Have them choose a painti ng and make notes to describe it. Tell students 10 think carefully about how Ihey are going to describe the painting to other people. II could be a famous painting or a completety imaginary one. okay. Dance in IheCounlry we can see his foce. particularly Renoir's use of red.. passion. but there's also red in her fan. but the other one seems kind of bored so we . Ask students to close their eyes and imagine one of the paintings they can see. Okay.. Ask students to open Their eyes and toke turns describing lheir painting.this one.. He has a beard. Guide Yes? Tourist 2 Well. now So Kind of this one okay? Exercise 6c can be conducted as an open class discussion .. right? In Donce in the City. get the feeling that the firsl woman is crazy about him ".. Also cIlcollrllge Ihem to usc tho phrases they identified in Exercise 6b. um . red is Ihe color of love. uh . The 6rst !hing. . uh .. b Suggested answers: Okay. ... so tho! shows us . Afterwords... and she's wearing a long dress with a pattern of red flowers. and Renoir often uses the color red in this way. os mony of you will know. look at Dance in the Countryogoin and nolice the colors. As you know.. and the second one is called Donee in the Cityand . uh . Remind students to usc the headings from exorcise 3 011 pago 12. uh . Now.. uh.. butlhere ore some . •• 7 Follow up If you brought in painti ngs to start the lesson. Ask students to work in pairs or small groups.. now look carefully ollhis girl and compare her to Ihe girl in the other picture.. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. To make the presentations in Exercise 7b more natural. help them identify where the lexts are from and that Text B is a transcript of an oral texl. Tell each group lho! they are in the middle of on art gallery.. you said thaI Renoir .. encourage students ilOilO look al their written descriptions as Ihey speak. Tourist l in love? Sorry to interrupt..

two of Renoir's most famous paintings. died Cagnes. Dance in the Country . he has a beard and he is standing very close to the young lady. uh . there are several interesting differences between the paintings. This young woman appears extremely happy... uh. One of the greatest French impressionists.we can see his face. get the feeing that the first woman is crazy about him . let's begin by IooI<.. we . The assumption is that the first woman is in love with her partner whereas b What expressions are typical of the spoken text? okay. in love with the man. now here we see two of Renoir's best -known paintings: the first one is called Dance in the Country and the second one is called Dance in the City and .. The first thing. Renoir was a French Impressionist . 19 19. theme: young couples dancing. b Present your description of the painting to the class.. now. as you can see they both have a similar. but. Okay.6 Notice a Compare the written and spoken texts about the artist. c Give examples of similar expressions in your own language.. now look carefully at this girl and compare her to the girl in the other picture. but he mostly painted portraits and landscapes.. Despite similarities in theme. both feature a young couple dancing. uh .. uh . he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. but the other one seems kind of bored so we. in Dance in the City. Together.ing at the people.. we notice is the man in the first picture -this one. Auguste Renoir: born Umoges. He was. F rance.. uh . interesting differences. Renoir primarily painted portraits and landscapes... kind of .. make notes on it then write a short description of it. uh . um . Make a list of differences between the two texts... uh.remember that spoken English is different from written English! You and me Unit 1 . so . we can't really see the man's face at all. In the former..one of the best. Notice that in both pictures we have a young coup~ dancing but there are some ... . Okay. whereas the young woman in Dance in the City appears somewhat uninterested. . Dance in the Country and Dance in the City.. now. okay? In Dance in the City.. 7 Follow up a In pairs or small groups. .. Okay. You can see the first one's smiling and seems really happy. Renoir.. 1841. uh. Don't just read out the written description .. one can see a bearded man dancing very close to a smiling young woman.. Okay. He painted all kinds of pictures. uh . choose one of the paintings on this page (or one your teacher gives you). Tour guide Now as many of you will know.

red..". • a continuous situation or repeated action that is now firished: People lived in poverty in those days. Negative: We aren 't reading vet)' much right now. 1 "Vv'hat are you majoring in?" "I'm majoring in history: V V 2 These tomato plants are growing very quickly if the weather's good. white. add -ed: look With verbs ending in -e. Jeff is always turning up late these clays. I work as an engineer. They often diedyoung. gray. black (German dark rye bread) an action happening now: I'm reading about grammar. a situation that is developing or changing: Susan is losing a lot of weight.JAC:. """" act"" ""'" """""""" "" w""' """. rose black. '00.. b c d e The soo riSes in the east and sets in the west. feelings and desires at the IJ(esent tine: I want a break. blue. things that are true: • an irritating habit that someone has: You're &Ways interrupting me.E RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of simple present Use a facts. eat -+ ate. """ '''''''' """""""" urI1appy happy Question: Did you meet them at the restaurant? Emphatic: I did call you! Note the spelling rules for regular past forms: With most verbs.en) brown. v. I usuaRy watch comedies. which you need 10 learn: go -+ went. emphaSizing a fact/feeling: He does live'here. brown.. sad) black.we're having a fami ly dinner.. it gets better. · it's getting botter 6 I'm never telling people my nickname -I hate it! I never tell Emphatic: We do wa nt you to s tay longer . add -d: like organized "'m respectable -+ looked. Her two friends work there. carry -+ carried With one-sylLable verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant. tired. yellow. permanent situations and states: lINe in BtaziI. regular actions: I often go to the movies. green. probably because her mother is getting sicker and she's worried. buy -+ bought. These tomato plants grow very quickly if the Fo.". dark. brown reel. Affirmative: I'm reading a really interesting book right now. light. • a definite anangeo"Ie(ll for the future: We're leaving at six tomorrow morning and meeting the others at the airport. black. lighVdarI< hair people (s kin c olor) Unit 1 You and me . remove -y and add -ied: study -+ studied. fT'IO. but he can't walk yet.I hate itl 2 Review and extension of simple past Use Vocabulary Summary 1 Adjectives: personality Posffive • a single action in the past that is now finished: We went to a bar last night. Affkmative: We m e t friends and had pizza last night. She's studying French art and architecture. weather's good . double the consonant: plan -+ planned.. white. gray.live """" romantic cooservative quiet radical dul sad rod cooperative sboog modest attractive """" bomg irritable ~"" Negative: We didn 't m eet until pretty /ate In the evening. hazel. people my nickname . rootioe.. Negative: She doesn't work on the weekend.it's just th81 we won't be here. Vllhat are you doing? a temporary situation or actMty: My sister is living in France right now. Neutral realistic ~ined Negative irritating """""" -. white. red (sleepy. stay -+ stayed -+ liked. dark (chid<. I'm surell do love you! QuestiOn: Are you reading anything good? Is the use o r the te n ses in these sente nces c orrect? Put a c heck by th e correct senten ces and correct th e wrong o nes. white (British English onty) reel.0 • emphasizing a fact/feeing: You did say you'd moot me at eight..Ie -+ maved Cho o se three adjectives that describe each of thes e people: yoo With verbs ending in consonant + -y.flite. They don't worle /ate very often. 3 I can't see you ton ight . phi your best friend your mother or lather -+ 3 Review and extension of the present progressive coffee m eat b read eyes Use • • • pro"ad A lot 01 verbs have an irregul<v past form. 4 Our neighbors are always playing loud music late at night and it really annoys me. I feel tired. tell -+ told.". Fo. brown. Question: Does she work hard? Do they work through lunch? V 5 "How's Kevin's leg?" "OIl. drink -+ 2 Collocations with colors eggs wine wtYte.nite. brown (tan from the sun). dark . Affirmative: She w orks in a bank. not nine! Fo. blond.

Using a dictionary 1 Dictionaries you have used In small groups. You do not have any debt 2 You can ask me till you are blue in the face but I won't do it! There is no use trying to persuade me 3 He's too green to do that job. Jt can telL 'if!I! dJf/eYe:nl ?'Itet1m11fjS of the . make a list of the different pieces of information an English-English dictionary can give you. would you buy one? Why? I Why not? 2 Information a dictionary can give you a Would you use a dictionary in these situations? Write . 1 Can any of the "color adjectives" be nouns or verbs? If so. Note: You will need to show your list to a classmate at the end of Unit 2. can you add anything more to the list you made in Exercise 2c? 3 USing a dictionary a Why do you think some of the words are in red? What do the one'. In pairs. 3 I see a word or phrase that is important to understanding a text.If a )1. bl ue c How many meanings do the adjectives black and green have in the dictionary entries? 7 d What do you think the f(jlowing phrases ~n Italic) mean? Check your ideas in the dictionary entries. b Discuss your answers. verb Blue: noun Green: noun Red: nOUD 2 Which two eolors can describe an unhappy feeling? Bl ack.py • mdl'penckln[ Idscn(<l)ldsl In'spe k [~bll • 3: ro-man-tic 3: dis-ci-plined 3: un-hap-py • kou'mrenuk/ Idlsaphnd/ IAn'hrepJ / romantic disciplined unhappy • independent generous respectable f Words often collocate with other words. 53 at the back of your book and look at the section on how to use your dictionary. Which of the words in the box apart from leader and drink can strong also collocate with? ACTION PlAN [> 8 leader drink discussion marriage swimmer film Strong swimmer Strong marriage Your action plan: using our dictionary Tum to page 152 and .I. He has no experien ce 4 When I got the answer wrong I turned red with embarrassment. two ". c A dictionary is full of information about words and phrases. Number of syllables 4: in·de-pend·ent Main stress in·de-pend.)(. For example the adjective strong can collocate to produce a strong leader or a strong drink but not a strong enemy. d Now klok at the dictionary extracts on page 154.£'1m1e 'm?Yd. Jt can. and three ••• categories mean? b Use the dk:tionary entries on page 154 and 155 to answer the following questions.00 is cou:nf4l:1e or U:'1u:ounMile. You and me Unit l . when do you use it? 2 Do you have a bilingual dictionary? If yes. figure out. J felt very embarrassed e Use the dictionary entries to complete the table below with information about the words in the box. 2 I see a word or phrase that I can'. 1 Do you own a dictionary in your language? If yes. discuss these questions. te1L }fJU. or ? I would use a dictionary every lime: 1 I see a word or phrase that I don'.ent Pronunc iation 3: gen ·er-ous 4 : re-spec·ta·ble 8en-er -011s re-spec·ta-bJe ro-m -an-tic dis-ci-plined uD-hap. 4 I see a word or phrase that I am curious about. Make a list of some more useful things that you learn about the information an English·English dictionary can give you. which ones? Bl ack: noun. when do you use it? 3 Have you ever used an English-English dictionary? If you don't have one. 1 We're still in the black thanks to my new job. know.

simple past 5 Although Hayek was used to considerable success . 1966 University 2 3 Teresa L. in fact. situations. Answer the questions.S.. or was used to + noun/-ing verb. what did you think of them? b You are going to read an article about this person. was used to + noun For habits.. used to. I like if. simple past To express that we wnw accustomed to something in the past. 1 Who is the person? Z What do you know about her background? 3 Can you name any of her movies? 4 Have you seen any of her movies? If so..... d In pairs. used to + verb. be used to Frida huge success in U. Then write the correct form by the rules: simple past.. used to For situalions and actions that are now finished. she used to misbehave constant! y .. Unil2 Fame and fonune . be used to a Look at the examples below.A .1 Reading skills a Look at the pictures of this famous person. discuss these questions. used to + verb 3 Hayek wasn't used to going against her parents' wishes . Student A: Look at page 150. De LANGUAGE NOTE + used to + noun/-ing verb can be used in the present or the past: 1 2 3 4 What is your favorite movie? Who starred in it? What was it about? How successful was the film commercially? She wasn 'f used to going against her pareIlt~· · wishes. Info rmat ion 1 2 Grammar review and extension : simple past. 1 Her parents sent her to a private Catholic school in Louisiana... e Now complete this chart with your partner. My Crazy Life popular TV soap career in Hollywood first hig break • 5 6 pasl Ihal are nol true or that don't happen now. International Rela tions September 2nd. a job in a local theater. was used to + ing verb 4 . simple past 2 . which didn't pay much . Student B: Look at page 151... I'm used to gelling up early in the morning. or repealed actions in the Why is it important? Salma Hayek was horn.

and a pefSOfl/lhing thaI is important in your life. You may wish to check students understand them: kicked oul of school = expelled from school dropped oul of school = /eft school before completing studies gol a big break •• Vocabulary extension =hod a greal opportunity Ihe film bombed = the film was very unsuccessful. If there are no identical forms in the students' own language. but don'. Then have each student write down on important dole. Tell pairs to complete Exerciselc together. They tJS98 . Then ask students 10 match the forms to the rules. ~ Quick grammar guide: used 10 Students often forget to use 10. the dole you become a teacher. have a briof class discussion. elici t feedback from the whole class. tell them anything extra at this stage. similarity of the forms. tell each student clearly whether they are student A or student B. If a post imperfect tense in the students' own language expresses the some meaning as used to. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Aflor students hAve discussed the questions in Exercise 1a briefly in pairs. in pairs. The texis on page 150 ond 151 contain a number of very colloquial expressions. Make sure students only read the text and complete the graph that is on "their" page. and ask them 10 interview a partner.Objectives Grammar Topic: biographies of famous people Reading a biography Writing Speaking simple pasl. place. Otld person/thing ore important to you. Draw st udents' attention to the Language Nole and ask them to think of some examples of their own. a place. the town you were born. In the form be used to + ing. The form used to + infinitive talks about post slales and habits thaI are no longer Irue. place. lor example. used to. Students think the form used /0 + infinitive can be used in a present form and confuse it with usually.. Check with the class which form is being used in each exam ple. and it means be occuslomed 1 The confusion arises from the 0 0. I tJSe Ie :eJe)' baseball on Saturday. Encourage students 10 share any information they know. the name of your dog. usedis on adjective and 1 is a preposition. learners sometimes think thal lhey are expressing a post habit when they use a simple post form of a verb in English. bull never ploy on Sunday. Common problems and errors t . Tell the closs 10 osk you questions 10 find oul why the dole. Before starling Exercise l b. they tend to ovoid using these forms. and person/thing in his or her life. used 1 do.l6r lennis. After students have discussed the questions in Exercise ld . without showing Mch other their graphs. be used to Have students foad the exam ples in Exercise 2a. 0 be used to doing a mini autobiography speaking from graphic information Write on the board a dole. Fameondfortune T1 6 Unil2 . 2 Grammar review and extension: simple past.

ask them to exchange the ir autobiography with a partner fo r Exercise 4b. Then ask them to check with a partner before discussing tho answers with the whole dass. Then have students draw their own timelines and label them with key events. Before putting students in pairs fo r Exercise 3b. model the speaking task by asking a capable student to talk about his or her life. Use Exercise zf as a lead-in to the text by asking the whole class the questions. (Some phrases can only be used with simple past because they refer to one fi nished time in th e past. or limeli ne. Tell the class about a ile or two good or bad things from your life. rather than just taking turns to give informa tion. AcIdttIonaI octivity For homework.talkln Help students generate ideas by writing the following prompts on the board at the start of the activity: Bom etIterncIIWe 510rled school Moved house/ fawn Left school Mel Possed_ Woo__ When students are ready. Discuss the qucslion in Exercise 2c with the whole class and ask them fo r the reason why this is so. Unil2 T 17 Fame and fortvne . Then ask them to work individually.) Have students work in pai rs for Exercises 2d and 2e . ask stvdents to research and write the biography of their favorite movie or sports star. Prase . Finally. Encourage students to do this during th e activity. Answers will vary with students' background knowledge. Elicit additional questions from the class until you feel students understand their task. Go around the class as they write. Demonstrate how to interrupt with questions.Do the fi rst express ion in Exercise zb as an example to got students started. helping with ideas and vocabulary. 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow the steps in Exercise 4a to write a 50· word autobiography. ask students to share with the class the false info rmation in each au tobiography. on the board and briefly drawi ng your "li fe " a ll it (see pages 150-1 51 for examples). tl 3 Speaking skills Model the activity in Exercise 3a by d rawing a graph. Have students complete Exercise 2g ind ividually. and moni tor to make sure thoy are applying the rule correctly.

In groups. 4 Give your autobiography to a partner. in Brazil. or be + used to. phrases as possible. Use the simple past.b We can use a number of time words with the 3 Speaking skills simple past. b Read your partner's autobiography. using the graph to help you.Pew (popular name of Edson Arantes do Nascimento) Born 1940. c Which go only with the simple past? d Complete the sentences with as many time A I used to live in Texas. where. Pele 6 made his intemational debut when he was 16. Can you find the information that is not true? g Complete the text below with the verbs in the box.i often used to visit my grandparents. in 2002 simple past at midnight both b In pairs. He 2 was born in Tres Coracoes. In two sentences both forms are correct. and at 17 he 7 played/competed for Brazil in the 1958 World Cup Final.. But his feet didn't hurt when he played . 4 I couldn't understand the S ish here at first. His family 3 were very poor and when he was a boy. soccer player Most people believe Pele 1 was the most successful player in the history of soccer. 3 W en we lived in New York. when.. -- .. show each other your graphs.he 4 pIayedlused to play barefoot! To make money. Which of the a Think about the ups and downs in your life. In 1980 the sports wond 12 voted him "athlete of the century". He 9 won a second winner's medal in 1962 and a third in 1970. discuss these questions. 5 My grandparents~used to JIEPin an apartment near the beaCh.363 first-class games (1955-1977) and scored 1.. and with used to. he 5 shinedlused to shine other people's shoes. He 10 spent most of his career at Santos (1956-74) and then with the New York Cosmos (1975-7). etc. . three days ago simple past on my last birthday simple past Student A: Talk about your life. 2 Last night we used to go {.d y09 my some beer this morning? f Look at the picture on the right. I visited my grandparents ___ _ _ __ e Choose the correct verb form in each sentence. at Christmas time both when I was a child both Student B: Interrupt A to ask questions with did. at nine o'clock both this morning simple past why. expressions can go with both? Make notes and draw a graph. Which ones? 1 When I was a child. ~ I was used to walk to school. 2 Include one thing about yourself that is not true. Pele couldn't afford soccer shoes.. and in Brazil he is a national hero..281 goals. as on pages 150 when I lived in Canada both last winter simple past and 151. He 8 scored two goals in the 5-2 win over Sweden. It was difficult at first . 1 Do you know who this is? 2 What do you know about him? 4 Writing skills a You are going to write a mini-autobiography.. used to.-en~to the movies.c . 6 Did you use to 4Il. because I wasn't used to the cold or speaking French. B Where did you live after that? A We moved to Quebec. of your ups and downs.. we often € : D sed to to the theater. compete be (x2) be born make vote play (x2) score shine spend win . 3 Write your autobiography in about 50 words. Follow these steps: 1 Make brief notes for your autobiography. Interrupt yesterday simple past last night simple past your partner to ask questions. He 11 played/competed in 1. because I didn't use to I asn't used to hearing that dialect.

. . an: answer these questions. Anyone who stOPS learOlng 1S 0. ecause you'll Ice to peopl ' meet them e on yOUr on the waydo. GLOSSARY magnate weallhy and powerful person welder person who makes metal jOints le.. the only son of the world 's wealthiest businessman. c the advice below given by four mil lionaires and answer these questions. one of the richest"'--" people in history. another tells of wher Italian terrorists kidnapped his grandsori-" and he refused to pay the ransom money! Eventualiy. Rockefeller. au ShoUld' e said Y It' ev .: rea~ GLOSSARY stingy doesn't like spending money miserliness being stingy.w ... said. ""The famous billionaire always said hi~ wealth was the result of hard work. I produced think. ed fj day and .."When Getty died. "I haVt=-'" no problem with being wealthy. ..Having a fortune 1 Reading skills a WouJ d you like to be a millionaire? Why? I Why not? b Read the magazine article about th multi-milli?naire.. . for his miserliness. th wrote in one '.. installed a pay-telephone for guests in his English mansion.. .. believed.ghry Anyone who keeps learrung stays young. which is the best advice? N~". "If you can count your-. .. Jr. .." Gett) ' always counted his millions very carefully. In YOUr SIeep." people needed. ld hether at H enry 0 .. said. . the money had to be paid bac in installments. In fact. However. h nk Inane . 1 Which one most refl ects the secret of Getty's success? 2 Which advice did Getty ignore? 3 In your opinion... I worked hard for my money. you don't have a billion dollars. money to pay for the child's freedom.. Paul Getty. 1 What does he say about being a billionaire? 2 In what ways was Getty "stingy"? A Stingy Billionaire '---' John Paul Getty (18921976). "I I' believe in the dignity of labor. n dream abOut shiPPin --Aristotle F rd founder of the Ford Motor Company.g.. aVe to chi Or rhe "}j nJghr .. part payments made regularly over a penod or lime John D. J. . .money. whether with head or hand. for tIll'S. refusal to spend money ransom money money demanded by kidnappers to release their prisoner insta ~lm e nts. ships) Fome ond fortune .. One • story has it that h \. e renOwned U S way up b of hiS bOOks. "Be n' '. he was worth over a billion dollars. twenty or el .. He top "'1' and ajTh Starred . . n hOur 'orked maintain h' s a day to s as a welde/ fortune..lOu h ·." Wilson M' 'zner.. he agreed to lend his son th." The greatest thing in life is to keep your nund young. he was well known. screenwriter." n f Unil2 Onassis ch eighree 8 magnate ~ e Greek . .-..

Answers: 1 Onassis's advice reflects the secret of Getty's success. Ask students whether they agree with ony of the sayings. In other words. ~ Vocabulary extension Ask students in pairs to put the synonyms in the corred categories. 2 Getty ignored Mizner's advice. 2 He installed a pay phone for guests. he refused to pay the ransom for his grandson. Money con't buy me love. you weren't a billionaire. F ame and fortune T 18 Unit 2 . Answers: 1 Gelly said if you could count your millions. Before asking students to read the article in Exercise lb. Encourage students to explain their answers . Review the pronunciation and definition of the words.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: money Reading a profile of a famous person Ustening interviews money: noun-verb collocations Write one or two of the following well-known sayings on the board: Money makes the world go oround.. who had to pay it back. The love of money is the roof of off evil. check they understand the questions and draw their attention 10 the Glossary. Check answers to questions 1 and 2 and hold a class vote on question 3. instead he lent the ransom money to his son. Write the following two words from the text at the top of the board: stingy and wealthy. Ask them to complete Exercise lc in pairs. Why? Why not? Ask students how imponont money is in their lives. Then write the following words at random on the board: mean rich well-off miserly prosperous fight-fisted t . b illionaires are so rich t. Introduce !he topic 1 Reading skills Discuss the question in Exercise la as a class. as needed .hat it is impossible to count how much money they have. Draw students' attenti on to Ihe quotes and the Glossary in the lower half of the page. under stingy or wealthy.

Janet The other interesting point is that the majority of the people who answered Ihe questionnaire gave money to members of their family. and the firsl is happiness. you know the old saying thaI money can'l buy love? Well. said the win hod made them happier and just two per cent said it mode them less happy. Then ask students to use their imagination to complete the Me column in the chart. we did. I con understand thot. Bob So 15% of people actually went out and found a new job al1hough they didn't need lo? Janet Thars right. and the 4% who said that they were separated or divorced were probobly going to get divorced anyway' Now. So. We look atlhe results in different categories. whose market research company conducted the most r8(ent survey. enjoying themselves. Janet Well. etc. So. and stress of investment and salary. Bob Happiness . and major choices are health ond education.thars amazing! Janet It is. we asked about leisure time.so to find out if money makes people happier? Janet Exactly. Almost half the winners. the results do seem to prove that. and see which pair can produce the greatest number of combinations. really. Bob It mode no difference to 42% of people . and Ihars also very interesting. just over half of all the people. pay for something when you hand over money for it. rum money from your job. or soiling. 55%. Bob I suppose it"s a perfect opportunity for people to improve their children's education? Janet Indeed. Half of those people who changed jobs started their own business. Bob Two percent. Draw students' attention to the Language Note at the bottom of the page. and that you lend to and borrow from . \n locI. we've just had the results from Ihe lolest survey. kept the some job. yes. Hoving money means you can offord to make choices. We assume that those people were able 10 leave well. o o - 7'~--------------------------------------------Bob Now. Bob. Janet. isn't it? And it even made some people less happy. My salory is the amount of money I earn in my job. Only 15% of the winners quit their job for a new one . and a massive 42% felt it had mode no difference. Set a time limit for Exercise 2c (for example. ask whether they were "typical" of lottery millionaires in each category. investing.. Set the scene by asking students a few questions: How would you (eactto winning a million dollars in the fot/ery? What would you spend the money on? How do you think it would change your life? After students have listened to the audio in Exercise 3b and completed the SUIveycolumn. Bob Yes. thars 48%. "Whars the poinl of winning so much money if it doesn·t change your life?"" Unit2 T 19 Fame and fortune . Surprisingly.paid jobs and move inlo something less welt paid but that they really wanted to do. flying. Have students change partners before doing Exercises 2e and 2f. Have the whole class check in Exercise 2d. Have studen ts attempt Exercise 3c before you play the audio again for them to complete it. and only 16% of the winners took up an expensive new hobby like golf. that makes sense. Actually. Did you ask them aboullove? Janet love. yel only a tenth of those questioned switched to private doctors. Bob Mmm. Well. irs very encouraging. as you know. Welt. You might ask. even though they hod become rich.or more in the lost five years? They wont to find out if the win changed these people's lives. Check pronunciation of waste and receipt. Yes. In the sludio this morning is Janet King. we also asked about work. In our survey. Janet Yes. make sure they understand tha t win has a different meaning to earn. five min utes). winning a lot of money mode no difference to peaple's love lives: 95% of married couples stayed married' Bob 95%' Thars a huge percentage. make money from working. and they're very interesting. Bul you'd think lt1at people would wont to spend lime doing other things. In Exercise 2b.. check pronunciation of cam and lose and that students can use the words correctly. So that's quite surprising. though they hod no need 10 work anymore.2 Vocabulary: money After students have done Exercise 2a in pairs. And that isn'l always the case. only 17% of respondents didn't! Bob Mmm. you said. ti Presentation alternative 3 Li stening skills Read the situation in Exercise 3a as a class. and about three percent only decided to send their kids to private schools. did you know that The Notional Lolferyin the United Kingdom has sent out questionnaires to all the people who have won a million pounds . how has winning a fortune affected the lives of those tucky people? Janet Good morning.thars nearly two million dollars . the picture appears to be that a 101 of people lend not 10 change their lives very much after a huge win.

discuss these questions. to -rnak an. I got a new job.2 Vocabul ary: money a Find a word from the box for each of the descriptions below..ne5S 2 love 3 work 4 leisure 5 hcallh 6 educatjon LANGUAGE NOTE YOll d In pairs. It made me unhappy. Thon tell the class your ideas. 1 fli1l?A. c Make as many verb-nou n combinations as you can wit h the words in the box above. you won a million dollars in tho loltery. 1 Do any of the results surprise you? If so. There arc six extra words. . and had throe children.J. 3 Listening skills a How would you react to winning the lottery? Read the situation below and complete the task. they will pay it back lend 8 what you got as proof of buying something receipt 9 what yO ll recoive overy month for working sa lary 10 use money to buy things spend b Check that you understand the other nouns and verbs in the box obove. 9 We sent the children to a private school. 50"". Imagine thi s situation: five years ago. Verbs make cam spend save lend borrow waste win lose pay investment credit card salary receipt money cash Nouns 1 money in tho form of bills and coins cash 2 something you buy in order to make more money later on investment 3 get some money from a person or an institution." ~ c The represontative of the company discusses six categories.i!X. Comp lete the missing percentages in tho las! column o f the table. You just received the questionnaire on tho right that the lottery has sent to all its winners in the past five yoars. 1 Me The win made me happier. 0 b Listen to an interv iew. Think about wha t your answers would be and complete the "Me" column with "yes" or "no. Since then you have gotten murried . I did not quit worn.. 1 How much does a doctor earn in your country'? Z Do you ever waste money buying things you don't need ? 3 When was the last time you lent money to a frie nd'! 4 What do you spend most of your money on'? 5 Have you over won any money in a competition? 6 Do you pre fer to -P. moved to a new neighborhood. It made no difference to my happiness. t switched to private medical care. have cash credit card 7 give someone money temporarily. to be paid back laler borrow 4 got money or a pr i z~ in a competition or louory will 5 usc monoy or lime in an inefficient way waslo 6 you can pay with this if YOLI don'. e Complete tho sentences with an appropriate verb from the box. 55% 2% 42% 4% 48% 15% 16% d Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24.by cash or credit card? 2 3 4 My partner and I got divorced.. 5 6 7 8 I took up an expensive new hobby. 10% 3% 83% r Ask and answer the questions fro m Exercise 2e with a part ner. which'! 2 Why do you think winning a lot of money made some people unhappy? 3 What resu lts would the same survey produce in your country? lend sometbing to someone You borrow some/lrills /rom someone Fame ond fortune Unit 2 . I gave money to my family.. Listen agai n and write them.~!e. tn.

but it was there that her career .. 1 It was really stupid to got into that sluff. She went toVenezuela with her husband and children. d Which of tho people might have theso regrets? Which ono was 1I0t a persolla] choice? '.. He retired twice. she has become the bestknown South American author.'St. Since then. Make a note of the nchlCvcments and failures. Uni!2 Fame and fortune . b ut when he came back the second time to play fo r the WashinglOll Wizards. with several novels to her name. and in 1982 h e became the world's most expensive soccer player when h e transferred to Barcelon a... Maybe he wasn 't good enough for the school tcam.Regrets 1 Readi ng skills a Discuss these questions. She was unable to find work in her chosen career as a jou rnalist. o nly to come back to the sport. Isabe l Allende had to leave her country . his career ended only a few years later. Match each one with one of the people in the pictures. if appropriate. Her most famou s. House of the Spirits.. e Allende Born in Chile. he was clearly past his m. c Rea~ lhe extracts ogain. has also been made into a film. He was captain of the Argentinian tcam when they won their second Wo rld Cup in 1986.it was 1101 a personal choice o lorda n A link known fuel: when he was in high school. Sadly.. she had to leave the country of her birth after the military coup of 1973. as an author took off. after accusations of drug abuse. he failed to get OnlO the school basketball team. 1 Can YOll identify the people ill the pictures? 2 What do you know about them? b Read the extracts quickly. 2 I wish I hadn't gone back after I retired 3 I was very sorry to have to leave my co~ntry. of each of those people. but he went on to become the greatest basketball plllyer of all time. fD Mar adona He became Argentina's youngest ever international soccer player in 1977. Discuss thorn with a parlner.

George Joe? Bin Joe Espinosa.. yeah!? Bill Yeah . _you won't believe this .. Fame and fortune T 20 Unit 2 . George Oh.Objectives Grammar Topic: regrets Vocabulary regrets: I wish / If school a nd careers: only collocations Pronunciation Reading intonation short biography expressing interest extracts and surprise Ustening Speaking discussing personal regrets a conversation 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. you know. about a hundred outlets all over the world! George A hundred? Bill Yep. but old Joe's doing okay. a hundred! George Incredible! Bill Y eah. well. A n swers: 1 Achiev ements: greatest basketball player of al! time Failures: failed to get onto school basketball tearn. I've regret1ed it a thousand times. Incredible! No! George Yeah. give away any answers yet In Exercise l b. and he'd saved enough money George Uh huh? Bill Enough money to open a little hamburger place and . most expensive soccer player. Encourage them to foc us on completing the task. p ast his best wh en he came back tbe second time 2 A chievements: successful author Failures: had to leave Chile: couldn ' t find work as a journalist 3 Achievements: Argentina's yowlgest ever soccer player. and not to waste time trying to understand the passages in depth. Bill Tao lole 10 change it now. George Mm. he asked me to join him.. I wish I'd ordered a cheeseburger. students should quickly road the extracts and match them to the pictures . mine's not 100 good. Bill Oh.. . George What? Bill Well. right. Answers: Extract 1: Michael Jordan Extract 2: Isabel Allende Extract 3: Diego Maradona The other picture on page 20 is of Gabriel Garda Marquez In Exercise lc students should rea d the texts carefully for detaiL Ask students to make brief notes individually and then discuss their n otes in pairs . you know. A hundred? Uh huh Yeah. but don'. captain of Argentina when they won the World Cup in 1986 Failures: drug abuse D iscuss Exercise ld with the whole class.. George It's nat as big as some fast food chains. Usten . We were buddies. George Yeah. Bill . ah. Encourage lots of speculation. they must be making a 101 of money. Joe owns this place and all the other Lucky Joe reslauranls. yeoh. This is delicious. You know irs always busy here. If only I'd said yes . Joe and I used to work in the same factory after we left school. be his partner. right . George Really? Bill Really_We used to go to the same school George You're kidding! You used to go to the same school I? Bill Yeah. and now he's .. 8 For Exerc ise 3 on page 21:"!11 Bill Mmm. he's gal a chain of. 1 \~ For Exercise 4 on page 21:"!11 Reolly? You're kidding! Oh. George No! And you turned him down? Bill Well. yeah and then he went on to open a second hamburger ioint and Ihen a third . Bill Yeoh.. amazing..

Allow students to choose the story to expan d in Exercise 4c. After students have listened again in Exercise 3b. Presentation alternative Ask students to imagine thai they ore 0 famous person. If only I hadn't given up my job in the city. five to ten minutes) for them to feel confident when retelling. The oudioscripts tor Track 8 and Track 9 ore on page T20 '" Unit2 T 21 Fame and fortune . any changes to some because the sentence changes from negative to positive. In Exercise 4b. Students often try to convey the subjunctive with would + verb. Quk\( grammar guide: I wish I wish/If only + simple past is used to talk about wonting things to be different about the present. Using your hand. Let students check their sentences in Exercise 2d in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. Then d iscuss the answers as a class. Common probktms and errors Students try to express regrets about the present with a present form. to encourage students to express surprise through intonation.' ''''e!:J/c/ have more money. pause after each word and ask the whole class to repeat. Draw students' attention to the Language Note. I wish I wel:JkJ !ilre in a quieter area. 5 Vocabulary: school and careers Model the activity for Exercise 5c by asking three or four questions in open class. Note that in 2. 4 Pronunciation skills: expressing interest and surprise Quick pronunciation guide English has a very wide range of intonation. Then ask one or two indiv iduals to repeat. so students need to exaggerate the way they express interest and surprise in order to sound "natural: The intonation pattern for both interest and surprise can be represented by a falling arrow then a rising arrow. If only I made enough money here. t 3 Listening skills Before playing the audio for Exercise 3a. ask students to concentrate on answering the questions. Elicit wish sentences in response to question 4. Answers: 2 I wish / 3 I wish / 4 I wish I 5 I wish I 6 I wish I If only I had some friends here. I would like !/:Je!. Concentrate on intonation. If only I had listened to my parents. Ask for volunteers to report back to the class. I wish I eFR taller. which is usually not acceptable. Play the audio only once and compare answers with the whole class.t ·· ~ 2 Grammar: regrets Use the picture and the questions in Exercise Za to establish the context: the man wants his situation to be different now. However. the fall and rise are much steeper when expressing surprise than when expressing interest. 6 Speaking skills Elicit one or two "regrets" from the class. make a gesture that moves steeply down. English has no well-developed subjunctive form. Have the other students guess which famous person they are. Have them write down three regrets lhatthey think that person might have. Itfonly I wish/If only + post perfect is used to express regrets about the past. Encourage students to use the intonation patterns when responding. If only I lived in the city. Then allow students two minutes to tbink of ideas for the topics. Compare answers to Exercise 4a around the class. Allow enough preparation time (for example. This can lead to errors. Ask students to work in pairs to complete Exercise zb and to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. Have them write notes but not whole sentences. Ask students to read the regrets aloud to their group or to the class. Then elicit from students what they think the man might be saying: I wish [were younger / more handsome. ask them to check in pairs. then up. Another problem is that the students' language may have no specific verb equivalent to wish but moy use a subjunctive form equivalenlto want / would like. Unlike mony other longuoges.

. Which ones express interest? Which express surprise? Write I or S in the boxes. Use th ese to pics : fr iends. 5 I prefer living in the cily. present 2 r wish I hadn't lost my good looks. he. They were right. 1 Is the man attractive now? No. usc expressions from Exercise 4a to show interest and surprise. I graduated from high school when I was 18. Then tell your partner. o 3 Listening skills a Listen 10 the conversation. huh. Answer the questions. though some people think it is old-fashioned.. When you listen to your partner's story. 1 Who did Bill use to go to school with? Joe 2 Where did Bill and joe use to work? the same factory 3 What did joe do after he left the factory? opened a hamburger place 4 What does Bill wish? he had said yes when joe asked hjm to be his partner F ame and fortune Uni! 2 . It is more formal. IlVish I hadn't moved to this toWll. I wish + were is always correct. No! lID lID III lID ~ b Listen again and repeat the phrases. she. c Which of these have you done in your life so far? Ask and answer in pairs. I really miss my best friend from high school. school. 4 [don't make enough money here. factory 6 work for company 7 work atlill factory. exams. b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. slore.ly. Which statements are regrets about or desires for Ihe present? Which are regrets about the past? 1 If only I looked better. mOlley 1 LANGUAGE NOTE When we use the simple past of be after I wish or If only. we can use either was or were after [. right . school. 3 II was stupid to give up my job in the city. jobs. past 4 I wish I weren'l totally bald. Uh. present c Complete the rules. money.. d Make wishes about Ihese sentences. II wish I were rich. 5 Vocabulary : school and careers a Which of lhe nouns in the box can you put with each verb group'! college company factory job orrer money partner school store team leave / drop oul of I quit college. 1 Where are the speakers? fast food restaurant 2 What are they doing? eating. 2 Grammar: regrets a Look althe picture above. We can express regrets about the past with I wish and If . it. c Choose one of the "stories" below and make notes on it. your parents won the lottery. yeah. 3 How does he feel about the situation'? Unhappy. + the Ilast perfect tense. A Did YOll leave school when you were 16? 8 No. 4 You saw something very strange in the sky when you closed your curtains last night. 2 [don't have any friends here. school 3 become partner 4 found/start company 5 open slore. talking 3 What is their relationship'! friends 6 Speaking skills In pairs. 1 I moved to this lawn a year ago and [don't like it. 6 I didn't listen to my parents. [wish I had kept in touch with h er. Answer these questions.. learn 2 graduate from college.o 4 Pronunciation skill s: expressing interest and surprise a Listen to these phrases from the conversation. and there: 1 wish 1 was rich. past 3 If only I hadn't lost my beautiful hair. 1 Stories YOIl saw a very strange animal when you were out for a walk in the woods yesterday. school. b The man expresses his regrets in different ways. fami ly. company 8 accept / turn down job offer. We can express regrets about the present with I IDm and If only + the simple ~ tense. Really? Oh. talk about th ings you either regret in your life now or regret about your past. 4 Can he change the situation? No. 2 You were invited to the Oscars and you met some famous movie stars. ~ b Listen agai n and answer these questions. college. Use the sentences in Exercise 2b to help you.!!D. 2 Was he attractive fifty years ago? Yes. Incredihle! III III III lID You're kidding! A hundred!? Yeah. 3 When you were young.

What is wrong in each of th ese statements? 1 You can win less than $1 .000. afi er-7befo r-e 3 One student decides on lhe answer for the group. Use the Useful Language phrases..000. look back over the last two units and review the vocabulary and grammar! 6 Noti ce Did you notice the question word thaI most questions began with? If not.. These bonus questions are worth $50.Lesson4 So you want to win a million? 1 Warm up Do you watch quizzes on TV? Do you enjoy them? Why? I Why not? What's your favorite TV (or radiol quiz? Why do you like it? . 4 Tas k a Road the aim and ru les of the quiz. how did you do? Did any group win the million? Take a look at yo ur scores. ? It 's . but first. ask your questions. practice some of the language yo u'll need . do we all 5 Feedback Well.. or other phrases that you know for discussing choices. So. In groups of four or five.000 each. LANGUAGE J have n o idea. Which orlhase does llQ1 go with the word white? til meat hI broad c) tea ell egg What is the namo of the sea thaI separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? a) the Black Sea bl the Sea of Marmara c) the Meditorranean Soa dl the Caspian Sea 3 Compare USEFUl. 2 Prepare You are going to take a quiz in teams. One student-7The whol ~ t~ a m 11 Now lake the quiz! Your teacher will read the questions out fo r you. discuss the answers to the two questions below. " ~ Listen to some people discussing these questions. write two bonus questions for each category. What were yo ur besliworst categories? Do yo u need to improve your knowledge in any of them? If you had problems with A or B. Who wins tho most bonus money? Unil2 Fome ond fortune . b In groups of six or eight. Isn't it . ask yOUl" teacher to read a few questions agai n. Do thoy use similar language to you? Which phrases do thoy use to discuss and decide on an answer? Look at the audioscript on page 148 and underline all the expressions that will be useful in taking the quiz. can~an 't 2 You choose your joker after you have heard tho quostions. Include the answers. When do we ll""lly lise this question word? 7 Foll o w up a In pairs.

0 So . Hisn'lthe Mediterranean. Chicken is white meat.meat. Fame and fortune T 22 Unit 2 . simple past. read the answers aloud and ask the groups to add up their scores. C Oh.... this question. I have no idea. 0 Welt lers Iry to work it out. 7 Follow up When students are ready.egg. That way each student in each group has two question s to ask. I don't think so. using the phrases in the Useful Language box.. With students.. thars right. b . 3 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 3 once and discuss the questions as a class .. Then have students share their answers as a class. with a couple of min utes al the end of each category for them to decide on answers that they are unsure of. I think you're wrong.bread. you're right. thars difficuk. Encourage lots of talking. do we all agree thaI frs the Sea of Marmora? All Yes. \10'' __. Then ask students to find and underline useful phrases in the audioscript on page 148 of the Student's Book. Answer: Most questions began with which. so irs c. 5 Feedback Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. d .the Mediterranean Sea. You may wanl to give your students a little advance notice 10 review their lessons before doing the quiz! 1 Warm up Set the scene and generate interest by asking the whole class these questions. c -tea. ~ 4 Task Ask studen ts to check their answers to the questions in Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing them as a class. divide the class into groups of six or eight. but we Wi tea with milk. We usually use this question word when deciding between alternatives.o and informally check some of the vocabulary and grammar practiced in the book so far. c . At the end of each category. ! wentta the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago.. B No.. Remind them 10 double the score for the category for which they played their joker. And the Cospian Sea is in Russia. tea. present progressive a quiz The aim of the quiz is to reviev. right? We can have black tea. or d -the Caspian Sea? C Oh. Laura. 6 Notice Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. Briefly model the activity by pretending to speculate about the answer to the first question. ~rs put that . that's right.. C Isn1 it meat? o No. Which of these does nol go with the word "white"? a . build up a list of these phrases on the board.and quietly so that other groups can't hear. splitting the original pairs that prepared questions together. read the questions (on page T23). Allow students two or three minutes to practice.Objectives Grammar Topic: taking a quiz Reading instrudions Writing w riting questions for a quiz Ustening simple present. A Irs c.. What do you think... right? o Yes. I think you're right. we definitely use white with egg . laura? A Yes. Insist that they speak in English . 2 Prepare Divide students into groups and ask them to read the instructions. Whafs the nex! question? A What is !he name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it a . b -!he Sea of Marmara. When students are ready. I think. B Well.. Allow only about 30 seconds for students to discuss their answers 10 each question.. nat white tea... So maybe frs the Block Sea? C No.. A So..Ihe Bled:: Sea.

cl was more friends. bl July 5 1 776. cl we were used to being cold. a Section D 1 Which of these colors is not in the flag of the U. c) Chile. b) She hod blond hair. c) East Pakistan.. dl will have 2 Someone who was lonely when they were in school might say I wish I .. c) July 4 1776. c. bl am more careful. a Unit 2 T 23 Fameond fortu ne . bl am having. h) Moscow. d. c) Conservative. therefore 1 0m. d) white 2 Which oftbese can you not do with money? a) earn it. bl Social Democrat. 5 Someone who keeps to the moral and legal standards of society is .. c) r a t! do borrow my phone. d) July 6 1789 4 Which of these people used coins first? al the Lydians. d) blue 2 What did Sri Lanka use to be called? al Burma. b) Venezuela. b) spend it. b) Tom Hanks. d. more money. h) I'm thinking. d. 6 Which country's flag does not have red in it? a) Guatemala. 6 Which sentence is not correct? a) She used to have blond hair. take place every . al have more friends. d) She has gray eyes.. d Section B 1 Which is correct? If only 1 . d) fivo years.Quiz questions and answers Section A 1 Which of these does not describe wine? al pink. d) Australia . c} leave. c) Johnny Depp. bl had had more friends. dl Bolivia Answers: c. b) stop. c ) you discover it. a) had m ore careful. therefore 1 be. dl Labor 6 Where was Che Guevara born? al Argentina. You say: al You 're always borrowing my phone. d) conservative.. d) Ceyloll 3 When did the U. d..S. a. c) She was used to having blond hair. c) had had m ore careful. al we used to be cold. b) ros~.. b) the Greeks.? a) red. c Section C 1 Who starred in the movie The Godfather Part 1'1 al Tom Cru ise. dlwe wore cold. a) you start it bl you close it. become independent? a) July 4 1789. a) realist ic... a. 5 Margaret Thatcher was the leader of which Bri tish political party? a) Republican. 3 Com plete the sentence: We didn't find it difficu lt to move to the moun/a ins because . 4 Which of these di d the French philosopher Descartes say? al I think. b) Sbe bas black eyes. b) Rhodesia. 3 Where did the actor Russell Crowe grow up? a) New Zea land. al Riga. bl we are cold. 4 Your friend asks to borrow your cell phone for the fifth time today.S.. d) do it J Which of these is incorrect? a) She has brown eyes. cl four years. bl You always borrow my phone. Answers: c. b) three years. b. c) Sbe has dark eyes. c.. K. a. c) red. a) have. b) white. d) had been more careful. c) Bolivia. h. al year. dl She was blond. dl You lIever borrow my phone. d. 4 If you found a company. c. cl Minsk. . h) respectable. therefore 1 am . c) 1 thought. dl join Answers: a. d) you work for it. c) make it. c. b. therefore 1 \Vas. bl the USA cl the U. hI Japan . 5 After an accident someone might say If oilly 1 . c) pure. d) Cuba Answers: d . d) Marlon Brando 2 The presidential elections in the U. d) Kiev. c) the Romans. 6 Which ofthese is not a synonym o f quill a) drop out. cl hod. c) green.S. d) the Aztecs 5 Latvia used to be part of the Soviet Union. II. Its capital is . dl I think. dl will have lIlore friends...

~(:) ~(:) (j WAJff T(:) WIN r ~ ~ I 11 C9 im Rules . d) Australia 4 ($40.000) a) I think. At the end of the quiz.000) a) You're always borrowing my phone. therefore I am.000) a) had more careful b) am more careful c) had had more careful d) had been more careful ($55. c} She was used to having blond hair.($30 .000) a) Burma b) Rhodesia c) East Pakistan d) Ceylon 3 ($40. at figure . b} I'm thinking.000.000) a) you start it b) you close it 'c) you discover it d) you work for it 5 ($5S.000) "--1 ($30.000) a} She has brown eyes. English 91'8 r. add up your total score to find if you have won a million! A English vocabulary "-. therefore I was.000) a) Tom Cruise b) Tom Hanks c) Johnny Oepp d) Marlon Branda 2 ($30.000) a) pink b) rose c) red d) white 2 ($30..000.000) a) She used to have blond hair. c) She has dark eyes "' ($40. you lose everything! 4 5 6 Divide into teams of four or five.000) Section B score = _ _ _ (out of $250. or $55.($55. If you get all the Jestion ~ yOU will win $1.000) 1 ($30. b) She had blond hair.000) Fame and fortune .OOO) a} earn it b) spend C Politics and culture it c) make it d) do it d) She has gray eyes.000) a) red b) white c) green d) blue 2 ($30.000.000) a) Republican b) Social Democrat c) Conservative d) Labor 6 ($55. 5 ($55. ~ng to the Ie~ of diffi ~ulty.OOO. d) five years. Geography and history) as your 'oker'" .0001 But . S40. b) three years .000) a) realistic b) respectable c) pure d) conservative a) drop out b) stop c) leave d) join '. Section D score = (out of $250. we've made it a bit 'aSler.000. '-. 3 ($40. 1789 4 ($40.000) a) have more friends b) had had more friends c) was more friends d) will have more friends ~ D Geography and history 1 ($30. Then you must agree on an answer in your team.000.000) a) the Lydians b} the Greeks c} the Romans d) the Aztecs 5 ($55. d) She was blond. d) You never borrow my phone. ($55. Check your answers and add up your score (honestly!). you will hear the answers. b) You always borrow my phone.this means that you can double the money you w in fo r that ~e category. Look at the categories and choose your joker. d) I think. You will hear each question twice. If you don't reach '.000) 6 "-- ""ection A score = q English grammar (out of $250. Please note: the only prize is $1 . b) She has black eyes. Politics and cutture. '789 b) July 5'".000) a) we used to be cold b) we are cold c) we were used to being cold d) we were cold 4 ($40. therefore I be.($40. But you must choose your category before you start t~:~~uiz.K .000) a) Argentina b} Venezuela c) Bolivia d) Cuba Section C score =___ (out of $250.000) a) year. c} I thought. Circle the answer.000) a) July 4· .000) a) Guatemala b) Japan c) Chile d) Bolivia 3 ($40.000) a) Riga b) Moscow c) Minsk d) Kiev 6 ($55. c) You do borrow my phone.. 1776 d) July 6th . therefore I am . 2 3 ( '1e aim of the quiz 15 to answer enough questions correctly to w in a f1i11lon dollarsl Each question has a prize of $30.000) a) New Zealand b) the USA c) the U. 1776 c) July 4 th . At the end of each category. c) four years . Vi choose ONE of the categories (English vocabulary.000) a) have b) am having c) had d) will have 2 ($30.

. fact I was used to getting up early when I was at school. If 0f'IIy / I wish + simple past for things that U. .. Habits we regret or desilJ about the present: I don't have a job.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 used to + verb 3 Regret s (I wish I lf only) u. work aUin a college ( a company ( a factory ( a school ( a store accept ( turn down a job offer / money Unil2 Fame ond fortune . 2 We become a partner founctlstatt a company open a factory ( a store work for a company 4 I was used t used to the heat when I lived in Texas. -+ I wish we didn't live in a small apartment. )( I watched 7V aD day yesterday. = past habit. then discuss them with your partner." Regret about something in the present: If only / I wish + simple past: If only I knew the answer. Actions Situations We used to live by the ocean../ Fo." Affirmative: Complete these common regrets with the simple past or the past perfect of the verbs in parentheses. ~ I wish I had a job.ng verb + complement or noun goi1g to bed early. Regret about something in the past: We used to visit the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New York. We Irve in a smaI apartment. Be careful not to confuse the past form of this w ith used to + verb: I used to get up early when I was at school. actions. I did. to01 Negative: We didn 't We used to walk to school. Question: Did you use to walk home. I used to smoke. 1 Have you ever made a goodIbad investment? 2 When did you last spend a 101 of money? \>\'hat did you buy? 3 INhen did you last borrow money from a friend ( the bar*? 4 Have you ever won any money? How much? 5 How do you usually pay the check in a restaurant? I'm John wasn't Peler isn't We were 2 School and careers Choose the correct completion. ! No. 00 you have these regrets. If only / I wish I used to watch 7V aN day yesterday. wish we had had a vacation last year. But note that we don'. / We lived by the ocean.. We use used to + verb to tal<. but he quit. I wish I had more money. We form short answers with did: Did you use to see her evety day? Yes. (can) change my appearance. We use be + used to to say that we are or were accustomed to something./ + past perfect: If only I hadn't eaten so much. en'l used / / didn't use /0 getting up earty. children. . use to take the bus. = something that I was accustomed to. The children used to go swimming fM3rY day. loo? Note the spelMng in the negative and question forms: use 10 3 I wish I h a d paid (pay) more attentiorl when I was at school. - Fo. about habits. working hard. COld weather. I didn't. 3 My dad sed to smoke was used to smokJng. I wish I had (have) mora time! I'm so busy! 2 If only I hadn't argued (not argue) with my last boyfriendlgirtfriend.. We can often use the simple past in place of used to: We used to live by the ocean. I wish you had come to the party.." Subject + be used to used to -. If 0f'IIy / I wish + past perfect for things we regret about the past: I left school at 16. X We visited the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New YQrl(. it wasn't a problem. Vocabulary Summary 1 M o n ey Common verb-noun combinations concerning make I travel a lOt for my work so I'm used to spending time on planes. 4 If onty' I hadn't spent (not spend) SO much money last week! 5 I wish I could 2 be + used to + noun/-ing verb u. use used to for a single action in the past or for the recent past: Fo. -+ 1 wish I hadn't left school at 16. Of situations in the past that are not true or do nol happen now. -+ . We didn't have a vacation last year. 1 I used to \eave ( drop out of ( quit college ( school / a team graduate from college/school / ent shopping last Saturday. money: money ( an investment earn money ( a (goodIbad) salary spend ( save money lend money (to someone) ( borrow money (from someone) waste money I win money ( lose money pay cash I by credit card ( the check I the fare ( for a ticket Answer these questions.

Be careful to avoid misunderstandings by using enough words to make your meaning clear.aven't seen each other for a while a sutpl Wx £u1 a Ie&. e-mails in a business environment may be much more formaL And you still need to read over your e-mail before you send it. wasn't).J o Cl.. . Words are sometimes abbreviated or emoticons (symbols) are used.) 2 What is the relationship between the w rrter and the reader'? Find informaHon in the a-mail to justify your answer. Can you help improve you r partner's message? Informal e-mails are very different in structure from more formal letters. I wasn't used to the culture or speaking German all day . g 3 Replying to an e-mail a How is writing an e-mail different from writing a standard letter? Make notes. These people are called "key pals". ~ has I b Compare your ideas with the advice on the right about writing informal e-mails. Wi ll you guys be there? Can I come to stay with you for a couple of days? Would be great to see you again . Lots of work to do so gotta go. Terry c Put your knowledge of writing infonnal e-mails to the test. compare your e-mails.. and met a really nice guy here too! :-} e 7 give a reason for closing the e-mail g 8 say heHo b 9 ask for inforrnaHon from the reader d c Would the order of ideas be the same in your language? Discuss in pairs. 1 subject of the e-mail a 2 close the e·mail and say goodbye i 3 give information about the writer e Thanks for your e-mail. Does it tell you anything you didn't mention? A big hug. By using the Internet you can make friends from allover the world. Finally. .. Be sure to reply to all the infonnation and questions she asks. okay? Take care and say hi to Paul. or sometimes no greeting.. Glad to hear your degree is gOing well. b Ideas in e-mails are usually organized in some order. There's usually a short..exhausting. :::J 2 Organizing an e-mail a Read the e-mail and answer the questions.- _nl.. talk about your action plan from page :: ~ Di: t: 15 and say what you have done about it.J. Remember to match your style to [he writer's style. I Hi Annie. r Anyway. If you've never sent any e-mailsin English. informal greeting. 1 Is this a formal or informal e-mail? How do o -' L. Friends: first names. Imagine you are Annie or Paul and write a reply to the e-mail from Terry above. E-mails often don't use complete sentences. Even though an e-mail is often a more informal way of communication than writing a letter.rom' ~ TO: ~~ b C you know? Informal : colloquial language (Hi I a big hug / etc. first names.z - C!) Informal e-mails 1 Using e-mail Have you ever had to read or send e-mails in English? Tell your partner about it. find out about different cultures and practice your English at the same time! Find out about how to make key pals by usjng a search engine and entering the words key pais + EFL. d. I'm thinking of coming to the States this summer . but that slowly got better. Vllhat do you think would be difficult about writing them in English? ~<J REVIEW Review your actio n plan from Unit 1: using your dictionary In pairs. d In pairs. ~ .San Francisco first week in August. d So when will you fin ish? And how about Pau l? Is he still working at that department store? 4 dlange the subject to another topic f 5 ask the reader to respond J do something h 6 thank the reader c life in Germany is a lot of fun now but things weren't so easy at first.) . h Write back and let me know about the summer.oba bly not related.J. An. abbreviations (Glad to . ogain/ . ~ luerenl surnames so /p. slill imp ly th a l lhey h. :.. Match these descriptions with the letters in the text.J > L. Fame and fortune Un1l2 .. Note: You will need to discuss what you have found with a classmate at the end of Unit 3. Some great people in my office and I've made a couple of good friends through the gym where I work out. use an English spell checker if you can! PLAN I> Your action plan: making key pals It is possib~ to make friends on the Internet by sending e-mails to one Of two people on a regular basis. Really good to hear from you again. Oh.

social contact and for business . Wri le in the correct paragraph headings. In the United States. cel/phones have been around for over a quarter of a century. is the potential health problem they bring: there are fears that radiation from t he phones may cause brain tumors. They have made it possible to keep in touch with people "on the move" . The first commercial ceHphone system was developed by the Japanese in 1979. call forwarding. but cel/phones have changed a lot since thot time. and most of them say they couldn't live without one. They have brought with them a number of new headaches for t heir owners: it costs a lot to replace stolen phones. and have you ever seen such huge phone bills? More serious. There have been huge developments in their functions.when you're traveling. Of course. Th ey have made it easier to call for help on the highway or warn a colleague that you'll be late. Cell phones have eased the worries of millions of parents when their teenagers are out late: they can now contact their children at any time. discuss these questions. 3 Cell phoncs and the family Cellphones have made communication easier and have reduced the need for family arguments! We can use cellphones to let our family know we'll be late or if there's a sudden change of plan or an emergency. why do yo u need it? If you do n 't have a cell phone. They have made everyday life easier but noisier. such as streaming video. (Be careful : there is one heading too many.1 Reading skills a Look althe pictures of phones. Ameritech set up the first system in 1983. used for essential arrangements. too: we have had caller ID. The early cellphones were big and heavy but they have developed into small and light palm-sized models. except for those times when the kids call because they want a ride home from a late night party! 4 Problems with celillhones This does not mean that cellphones are all good news. w ould you like to have one? Why? I Why not? 2 Can you imagine li fe wit hout cell phones? How wo uld it bo d ifferen t? cellphones the facts 1 The histo ry of the cellphonc Believe it or not.) c Complete tho table with ideas fro m the article. They are used in every area of ou r lives and have become a necessary tool. someth in g that is becoming a freq uent occu rrence. Add /l il y other ideas you had in Exercise l a. instant access to the Internet and receiving and send in g photos. they also mean you can escape the workplace physically. but not mentally: with the help of call forwarding the employee is always at the end of the "phone line". Answer the (!uestions. but now the re are countless new facilities. text messaging. 1 If yo u have a cell phon e. they still don't know where their child ren are. 1 How did the invention of the telephone change our lives? 2 How have cell phones changed O Uf lives? Muke a list of their ad vantages and di sadvantages. answering services and hands-free use for years. Th is may be a time bomb waiting to happen to you nger people who have grown up with cellphones that they simply can't live without! GLOSSARY palm the ins ide of the hand a lime bomb something lhat is likely to have a sudden and bad effect in the future ___ Unit3 RU connected? . Advantages 1 in everyday lifo 2 in the work place 3 for the family 4 other Disadvantages _ they are noisy can call for help on the highway - Cell phones and the family Probloms with cell ph ones Co llphonos at work Cc llphones in everyday life The history of the ce ll phone d In grou ps. 2 Cell phones in everyday life Cellphones have become ve ry co mmon in ou r lives: recent statistics suggest as many as one in three people on the planet now have a cellphone. However. however. h Read th is Internet articl e on cell phones.

Mr. A: cell.iewer And what is the situation hC!'e in Ihe Stales? Wilson Not much has happened here. text. lief . Afterwards. Hove a brief class discussion.Objectives Grammar Topic: cell phones Pronuncicmon present perfect simple. the eel/phone. ills. Answer'S Advantages 2 In tho workplace 3 For the .---------.. The evidence suggests that you ore four times more likely to have a crash when using your cell phone while driving . the CD player. but ot:MousIy some drivers use their phones a lot. . our figures estimate that irs around 85% -that me::lns of course that about 85% of cellphooe 0NnerS use their phaoes at some painl while they're driving.iewer And do these countries enforce the laws? Wilson Oh yes. Ask students in pairs or grOlips 10 decide which they think is lhe most important invention and why. line. brain. message. This text contains a number of compound nouns.. leaving plenty of room to add ideas from the text and from the list the class made in tho preceding discussions. The United Kingdom was one of the most recent. but we are way behind many othC!' countries.-.. write the title RU connecled?on the boord.-------.. refer students to the Glossary.-.-. write the Internet.ieYter Do you feel we now hove enough evidence 10 make laws banning the use of a cell phone while driving? Wilson I think we do_ We've got very stricllows on drinking and driving. the CD player on the board and see if students can predict what the topic of this lesson will be. Ask students to read tho text quickly and match the headings in Exercise lb.. and the punishments can be very strict. the cellphone. Ask students whot thaI means lanother way 10 write il: Are you connected?1 and what it might mean. IntQrviewer How many drivers do you think aduolty use !heir cellphones while driving? Wilson WeD. the foct is thot the number of accidents fNery year has increased enormously since we started using ceflphones about 25 years ago. tumor. since and for question intonation Reading an Inlernet article Ustening an interview Speaking discussing use of cellphones Write on lhe board: the Internet.. Wilson..and there is some discussion 01 nationcllfNeI. tho employee is always at the end of the phone line Can warn a colleague that you'll he late Fewer family arguments Can let our family know when wo'll be late Parents can contact children at any time family 4 Other Costs a lot to replace stolen phones Huge phone bills Radiation may cause brain tumors Divide the class into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l d . Which invention does the class think is the most important? As on alternative. If no answers are forthcoming. RU connected? T 26 Unit 3 .thers horrifying! Wilson Yes. there ore fines of up 10 a thousond dollars and even imprisonment hlief ..Interviewer The chances of on occident are four times greatC!' .. and there are likely 1 0 be a lot more. we understand thol there is now deor evidence !hot the use of cellphooes by drivers increases the risk of traffIC accidents. Answers will vary.. InfeI ..... Hove them find the compounds in the text and check the meaning of the words. For Exercise 3 page 27 ~ I..-. Write the following two lists on the board and ask students to match a word from A to a word from B 10 make a compound noun. for example. phone . but there are around 50 countries n<:JW that hove decided 10 make it ~legal 1 use your 0 cellphone <Mlile driving. teo iIieww In the studio is Mike Wilson.New York and New Jersey . Ask students to copy the table in Exe rcise lc on to a separate pi ece of paper.. really.. many countries hove banned Ihe use of ceHphones while driving. '-- Disadvantages With call forwarding. Only two slates have banned the use of cellphones while driving . JVSl now dangerous are celtphones? Wilson Well.'-. phone Vocabulary _n B: bomb. in the lost few years. In Poland. Set a time limit of five minutes. so why not introduce laws on talking on the phone and driving? In fact... Thon olicit answers from the class and build up a list of advantages and disadvantages on the board. a lederal police spokesperson. time. Introduce !he topk 1 Reading ski lls Put studellts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 18 brieny.

Each group leader has to ask the questions ond prompt other students to express their opinion. Write these on the board. / RS'. As students ropeal. Ask students to ngure out the rules for question intonation in English and com plete the sentences toget her."lck to the class. Do the I1rsl Iwo as a class as examples to get students shuted... and similar activities.t ·· ~ Quick grammar 2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. ~- 5 Speaking skills Divide tho class into grou ps of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise 5. 3 Listening skills Prepare for the listening exercise by asking the class whal they th ink of using cell phones while driving. Answers will vary. [n Exercise 4c. Allerwards. If needed. We also use it 10 discuss experiences in our lives and recently completed actions. tracing tho intonation patterns they hear. Play the audio again for Exercise 4b. The oudioscript for Track 11 is on page T26 ~ 1 Do you hove 0 cellphone? 2 How long have you hod your cellphone? 3 Do you ever send lext messages? 4 Who do you normally text? Jnit 3 T 27 RU connected? . 4 Pronunciation skills: question intonation Play the audio for Exercise 4a . guide. Ask students 10 choose the correct answer in Exercise 2c and then check in pairs before going through Ihe answers as a class.<e qRisCtefi /unch ten minutes ago. Now play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and chock their answers. Ask Do YO ll think lIsing cel/phones while driving is dangerous? Why? Do yOll tl!ink it should be JxmllCcI? Have students discuss this briel1y with a partner. We use the present perfect tense to totk about aclioos or stales thol began in the past and ore continuing now. I #. - Students make errors with time markers cnd questions. How long ~ hove you lived in Rio? Another common error is using the present perfed for a finished even! in the recen t post with a lime marker. Encourage the class to mimic yom hand gestures. modeling the inlonation patterns carefully. go over the answers with the class. Ask students to listen for intonation patterns and trace the intonation arrows with their fingers as they hear the questions. Next. . ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3a . He/she has to join in. A good Wa. move your hand in an upward arc or downward arc to illustrate the in tonation patt ern studen ts should be trying 10 produco. Then ask two or three individuals to repeat. but olso listen and toke notes.e in Rio since 1985. ask st udents to work in pairs 10 mark the correct intonation. Go around moni1oring and prompting students. Pause the recording allor each question and ask Ule whole class to repeat.j to menage the activity above. where English uses the present perfect This frequently causes errors. is to assign "speaking roles: DMde the closs into groups 01 lour. Allow five minutes for discussion.. and then ask a few volunteers to report b. [t is their job to report whotthe group soid to the class at the end of the activity. since and for I-Iavo students work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise Za about the example sentences in the taxt. I·hlvo students work in groups offour to practice the questions in Exerc ise 4d. Tell Sludent A in each group he/she is the group [eoder. and afterwards ask for a show of hands to sec how many students in class sa id yes to each question.- periect Common probktms and errors Mony languages use the simple present 10 refer to a situation thol slarled 01 a given point in the pas! and slill continues. play the audio a second lime. Ask sl ud cnts 10 work in pairs 10 malch/orand sillce 10 the time ex pressions in Exerdse 2b. . Sludent B is the secretary. I've lived in Rio &~fe f9( three years.

or since if necessary. the British have banned /~he use of cell phones while driving..!!IL. h· S . --~=~a Is you r cellphone on now? b Why? I Why not? --.... or has anyone you know..... a police representative...000.-i "' dco 7. shou ld the government ban it? 2 Do you talk on the phone whi le you drive? Have you. about the dangers of talking on a cell phone while driving. 85.. Is " ta lk and drive" a danger in your country? Has your government introduccd laws about it? If not. In wh-queslions the voice usually goes down.. e use since with a period of time I~ ~ b tile past. h dn Vlng IS .... 3 In 2003 . ban against the use 0 ce 5 ~erells a 2 state(s) in the U. S my last bIrthday 1995 c Choose the simple past or present perfect. The cellphone revolution(fegai'D/ llas begun in tho 1970s. In yesi llo questions the voice usually goes . b When did th is happen? 4 ~ .-.. Wi lson and check your answers. S . 1 What tense is the verb in each sentence? jJresent perfect 2 Is the action or situation in each sentence fin ished? no 3 Which sentence focuse s on a sit uation up 10 now? cellphones have been a ro und . b Listen to the interview with Mr. 1 11 Have you sent a lext message today? . How many peop le in the class said yes to each "a" question? 5 Speaking skills 1 3 Listening skills a You are going to listen to an interview with Mike Wilson.E'a Listen to the intonation in theso questions. the driver IS usmg a ce p their cellphone while 2 the number of drivers who use . and for 1 . since and for 4 Pronunciation skills: quest ion intonation a Look at the parts in italic of the first two sentences in the article.000 4 drivers in Poland can r~cedtv~ ~ h . b Who did you send ii1'o'? 2 a Have you paid a cell phone bill recently? 3 a Have you ever felt irritated by-~-cell phones? b How much did you pay? - . Complete the rules about question intonation bolow. g whIle n vtng... discuss these questions.. c b Do we use since or for with these time expressions? S F S F Thanksgiving two years last night 25 years F . fine of up to 1.. _ 2 T (l apanes~-ve-u . commercia l ce llphone. ask and answer the q uestions in Exercise 4c. Mark the correct intonation on these examples .2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. h banned using a ceU one p 50 countries ave 3 aroun d ----while driving. 4 Choose the correct words: We use fo r With€·o. 5 Phone ave aever ha never hCld so many feat ufCs as ey 0 a ay. 4. .. 6 Peopl4 a ve IIse?J IIsed cellphone® since about 25 years now. tn on y _ RU connected? Unil3 . Answer the questions. 4 ~:S .----- . 1.. Who do you normally text? - ---.~ a poiat in the past. Before you listen. k of having an aCCident IS _ 1 the n s ... ever had an accident while talking on a cell phone? 3 Do you think the government should also ban the use of cell phones in public places? \Ii' Taiiz and D rive: the facts Resear ch shoWS tha t : . Listen to the questions and repeat them.. d In groups. 4 times greater if . 50.iP'. read the fac t sheet below and try to fill in the blanks with these fi gufCs: 2..' U hone.. .. onlO f llphones while driving .used cell phones for ~ ~ -w since the late 1970s. In groups.' . 85 percent. 1 Do you have a cellphone? 2 How long have you had your cell phone? 3 Do you ever send text messages? 4 -.(fave ) ~ exi ed or since 1963. . dollars for p .. t h east ten mlllUles t IS mornmg I S .

to check my e-mail or to do . c) Only occasionally. you? a) I've never been online.. information. I'd never buy anything over the Net .. T 4 Have you ever met anyone over the Internet? a) Yes. I've started dating one of them.Netizens Speaking skills a In groups.. I can always go online tomorrow... b) Yes.. work out your partner's score and read the analysis. c) No. Do you agree? 6 7 8 9 10 Internet addict or Internet phobe?. won'b) Regularly! I usually spend at least two hours a day surfing. c) I go online most da~..... c) in real life but I've lost touch with a lot of friends since I started surfing the Net. Who is more addicted to the Internet. c) I've never tried e-shopping but I think it's a good idea .--. Now take the quiz.. 5 How often have you spent three hours or b) I get to work early so I can have some more on the Net? time alone to surf the Net and chat.. b) I spend more and more time online andY don't see my friends very often. hours looking online. Is your answer still the same afterwards? b Ask your partner his or her answers to the qlliz. note them down and discuss Ulem.. of course. I've never spoken to a stranger online. I even buy my groceries online. Many people are spending longer amounts of time online. t hardly spend any time on the c) I only log on when I need the Internet for Intemet.. and in some cases this has had a negative effect on their work. b) Okay. So how about you? 00 you have your Internet use under control? Take this quiz and find out. you or your partner? Look at page 149. In fact. I use the Internet. 1 Have you ever surfed for more than three hours online? When? Why? 2 Has your computer ever gotten a virus from the Internet? When? What happened? 3 Have you ever taken part in a chat room? Who did you "chat" wi th? What abo ut? 4 Have you ever downloaded files from the Internet? What kind of files? 5 Have you ever sent an attachment? What did it contain? Do you receive a lot of attachments? What are they about? b Who is the most "connected" in the group? 1 Vocabulary: the Internet Match the words and phrases with lhe correct definitions. I have an Internet phobia.. but we still haven't met face-toface. '- Unit3 RU connected? . online " " ~ a spend time online looking through Web sites surf ~ b connected to the Internet a virus c a computer file sent with an e-mail message a chat room d information that you store under a particular name log onloff e move information from the Internet to a computer crash f disconnected from the Internet offline g start/finish using a computer system downloa h when a computer or program stops working suddenly a file a Web site people lise for exchanging messages an attachment a program that enters your computer and damages or destroys information 1 2 3 4 5 3 Reading skills a Do new developments in information technology affect your life? Which of these phrases best describes you? I'm an Internet addict. I don't use the Intemet th. If I need to find some a) in real life. I realize an hour has passed and I am late for wo~ again.some research.it's simply not safe! bJ I haven't been in a real store in over a year. Are you addicted to the Internet? 1 Which of these is closest to your morning routine? a) I always log on at home. studies. lots of people. c) No problem.. but for practical purposes .. often anyway. a) Never. The Internet is rapidly replacing TV as the most popular form of home entertainment. I don't have access to the Intemet. and social lives. 3 Where do you do most of your shopping? a) In stores... discuss these questions. 6 Which of these descriptions is closest to .. 2 I have more friends . I could be missing something. 7 How do you feel if you haven't checked yo' e-mail or been in a chat room one day? '---"" a) Not good . It's too dangerous.. but it doesn 't affect my life.. I might spend a couple of b) online.

2 Speaking skills Give students a few minutos to read the questions in Exercise 2a . hove a volunteer read aloud the questions to the whole claSS. think about thoir answers. Elicil their answers and write their list of words Ofllhe board lor if you prefer. Ask stu dents to take the quiz indi vidually. using examples you think students would understand. There are a few words and phrases in the text thot you may wish to check. Write the following phrases on the board: I'm addicted _ I'm obsessed _ using Ihe Inlernel I'm not inleresled_ I'm worried _ Ask students to tell you what the miSSing prepositions are Ithe answers in order: 10. Introduce !he topk 1 Vocabu lary: th e Internet Ask students to work in pairs to match the words and defini tions.Objectives Vocabulary the Inlernet Topic: the Internet Reading Writing writing a magazine quiz ·char Write Computers and the In/ernet on the board. if they connot. Afterwards. . ask volunteers from each group 10 come up and simulloneously write their lisls on the boordl. in. students which phrase/s) describe them. She has claustrophobia and does nol en. Teillhe groups thallhey hove one minute 1 write down all the words connected with this topic they (on thinl: of. speak to. After ooe minute ask 0 each group how mony words they thought of. At this point. having thom repeat after you. chocking for difficulties in understanding the tex t. Then ask Ask students to tal k to a parlner and find out their answers to lhe questions in Exercise 3a . Then ask them to d iscuss the questions in groups of four to six. and write notes. quickl y Rsk for a show of hands from the class to see how many chose each phrase. hove students WOI'k in small groups to discuss their answers to rhe questions.oy being in a small. ask a student 10 explain the question or.Vocabulary lead-in 3 Readi ng ski lis Elicit the meaning of addictlsomeane who con't stop doing on activity) and phobia Iteatl. RU connected? T 28 Unit3 . Circulate among students. Divide the closs into groups of lour. with. poraphrase the question yourself in terms students will more likely understand . You may also want to review the pronunciation of each of these words wi th students. see (someone) directly I in the Hesh . lose touch with (friendsl '" not see. Write these definitions on the board if students are having trouble understanding the text that uses them. Examples: He was a drug addiel who bought his narcotics on the slreel.not on the phone or tnternet VocabukJry - Have students do the tasks in Exercise 3b . crowded room. working with the same partner as before. If the questions in exercise 2a seem difficult for learners. If needed. write new vocabulary on t ho board. After each question is read aloud. oboun. or write to friends any longer dote (someane) '" arrange to meet someone that you are aHracted to meet (someone) face-to-face".

Move aro und the room. invite your partner /0 0 party ask for help with homework ask about your partners weekend plans talk about football ask about your porlner's family ask about a topic of your choice Have each pair perform one of the above tasks when chaning.:ercise 4b. Ask students if they can give you examples or lhe kind of abbreviations and language they use in their own language when texting or chatting online . set the scene by asking a few questions: In an online chat. Remind students to chock the Glossary fo r unfamil iar terms. monitoring and h elping with idoas. what ore handles? What are the handles of the two people chatting? What are they clwtting about? Ask students 10 rewrite the chat in stondard English. telephone number.4 Writing skills Ask students to work with a different partner to discuss the questions in Exercise 4a. Answers will vary. Ask students to work in pairs and foll ow the instructions in Exercises 4d and 4e. You could provide some 'framework' for the choning by giving each pair a lask to perform. Write the following list either on the board or on individual cords Ihat you con hand out to pairs at random. -. Before asking students to read the chat in Exercise 4c in pairs. Ask Whot are some potential dangers of on online chot? Is it a good idea to share personal informah'on (name. address) with a stranger online? Why? Why nat? Unit 3 T 29 RU connected? .Itemotive Additional acIIYIIy Hold a closs discussion on Internet safety. Then ask students in pairs to match the techniques and examples in fu.

answer these ques tions. 101 = laughing out loud ru ok= Are you ok? 2day = today cld = could..talk later f cool ! wicked! lSr 5 slang 6 emoticons -. shd = should Ie = I see I I understand btw "" By the way n U :: And you? bfn = Bye for nolV ttyl = Talk to you later '-- d You arc going to "chat" with your partner. which they call ·'handles". or really thinking :-):: a smite . and chatters use d ifferent techniques to talk online. Change anythi ng that you wanl to and then pass the paper to another pair. 1nol much punctuation g~ 2 informallangU~~' :~===~. 1 What do you know about chatting online? 2 Do you have any "online" friends? Have you ever wrillen to a stranger onli ne who has become a friend? b Chatters normally have n icknames.-0'" Dh . Follow these steps. Can you understand it? (Usc the glossary to help you if necessary. 4 Pass the paper to your partner. Can they understand your conversation? RU conne<:ted? Unit 3 .) 3 Write your handle and your fi rst comment. Use the glossary to help you and remember to use abbreviations and ellipsis. Chat is like a mixture of speaki ng and writing.::~2 :::::::=:--. annoyed. e Look at your cha\. no! (0_0) = shocked :* = a kiss .studying Angel with a halo soys: what 4 Dancing a nd singing says: exam in 2 weeks Angel with a halo says : :( Dancing and singing says: oh yeah! Btw u going 2 j's party fri Angel with a halo says: no gotta study :-< Doncing and singing says::( u looking forward 2 weekend? Angel with a ha lo says: sure what u doing? Doncing ond singing says: football gome sal. 1 Find a piece of blank paper. 5 Write your handle and the next comment on the piece of paper you now have and pass it back to your partner. then probably sleep in afternoon Angel with a halo says: 101 Dancing and singing says: n u Angel with a halo says: shopping! Dancing and singing says: (0_0) u shd be studying Angel with 0 halo soys: yeah 101 gotto go ttyl Dancing and singing says: yep bfn :) Angel with a halo says : cu 18r bye :* Emoticons :_0 = scared :( :: worried.'V 4 Writing skills VVV V a in pairs.) Try reading the dialogue aloud with a partner._ 3 abbreviations 4 'bil C U ellips is (leaving out unnecessary words) ~ gonna buy a c diane can you come saturday d :-) (a smile) e have to go . 6 Continue chatting untit you decide to stop .-) = a wink :-< = sad Abbrevi ations cu lar : See you later. 2 Choose your "handle". (See Exercise 4b. GLOSSARY From: To: Angel with a halo says: how r u Dancing and singing sa ys: im good u Angel with a halo says: good 2 what u been up 2 Dancing and singing says: not much .:-:============~~~:::::::::::.::::= c Read this chat between two friends . Match the techniques on the left with the exam p les of chat..

Y leve it is tome "Taking a little time to talk to someone you've never met can change you Jorever. Ons. on Ihe street bOJ"o ~ people to talk to th ~LO. ~~. near tears. qUIckly.I/ and Liz talk I try 10 help them s~l~eobl~ all tlie streets and J BilJ and Liz e t Cu problems en courage . Two 17year-Qld girls talk about their science class." Liz Barry says. "TALK TO ME.c 1 BilJ and Liz arc strc psycholnoi I . for the n ext two hours. Who d o YOn b In OUr soc' lalk Jely we have a 101 of 0 peo I on . use the be. They still h aven't decided what to d o n ext.12) > > RU connected? . J v: .col/Phones.It is evening rush hour in the Times Square su bway station .perhaps the most frantic time of day at the most hectic place in the busiest dry in the country. A middleaged man gives his 15 views on politics. . Barry and Wetzel figure that now. Before them is a sign that reads. is a good 30 time to Stop. 20 in large white letters.Liz Barry NEWYORK (AP) ." Barry and Wetzel came to New York only a year ago. but it's unlikely to be something as original as their "Talk to me" project! GLOSSARY frant ic busy. after a year.Talk 1 Speaking skills a lnp' iscuss these si'uati 1 You 've just broken II . Y problems. They have walked the streets and avenues. Choose Uw best talk lo? au have m OIi C . has recently broken up with her parm er. A young woman with purple hair. Who do yo u taU: to? class Wh 8 problems with y . Liz and Bill. boYfriend/girlfriend P wah your 2 You are havin . but they have already h eard m ou sands of stories like these. 2 . set up their sign and listened. " Taking a little rime 25 o ut from a busy schedule to talk to someone you've never met can change your wh ole outlook forever. Amazingly. in chal Pportunilics 10 to do you think tha t la':ket~~I~I~o~~lain Ihal 'hC~::IO~~~~ ~~I y Jsa 10 talk 1o Ihompisls. Liz Barry and Bill Wetzel have just settled into 5 two chairs against a wall. els of New Y ork. d 2 Reading skills a Road the artic/e Summary. . have discovered mat talking is highly therapeutic for New Yorkers.". hurried hectic busy fu ll f d ' 0 actIVity ozens a la~e number ( one dozen . in their 20s.> em th erapeulic.0 s s workill g On the B. p eople do. She hasn't gotten over it yet and sh e wants to talk. Dozens 10 of them. 0 do yo u talk lo? OUr SCi ence BIl'S.

she's been to see us three times already. "rm just being friendly"" and then we talk. Bill No.y. For Exercise 4 on page 31 ~ tnterviewer So. that's right. In whol situations do we tolk 10 people we don't knoW? On the boord. We hod same money to start with. We've tried 1 explain. She's become an old friend. But there's a very nice lady we know who gives us a little money to I:. but some people still hoven" learned to just toll:. Bill. "What are you doingr and I say. People don't understand us at first.asking for directions. Bill Yeah. Answers will vary. but we have been insulted by drunks.Objectives Grammar Topic: falking fa people Vocabulary verbs of talking Reading a newspaper article Ustening a discussion Speaking discussing problems adverbs used with the present perfect Write on the board folking to strangers. so we manage. we're very lucl:. anyway. skill? Uz Yeah. Afler 45 minutes he said. Suggested list: starling a conversation with strangers 01 a party or in a club. but we haven't had any serious problems . Answer: Summary 3 The text contains a few phrasal verbs that you may wish to check. Remind students to check the Glossary fo r any unfamiliar vocabulary. thors right. build up a IIsl of their answers.. how do you get people to talk? Bill Well. RU connected? T 30 Unil3 . the way they date. our shaes have even been stolenl Interviewer Really? Uz Yeah. sure. Yeah.not yet. all day: Interviewer Have you ever had any hassle from the police? Uz Yeah. uh . Interviewer Yeah. start to feel happy again set up = put in position Vocabulary 13~------------------------------------------------------. Interviewer One final question. Uz And we've mode a lot of friends. How have you been able to do this financially? Bill Well. they might tell us to move on.: get comfortable in (a chair) break up = end 0 relationship get over". Ihe oclor. they think we're cops or researchers or weirdos or something . Infefviewer So you think listening is on important . they way they've grown up and settled down. they say. we've learned a lot about the way people work. 2 Reading skills Ask students to read the article and choose the best summary.eep doing this. we've already had a little hassle from the cops. to each other and to 0 listen. settle into. of course Uz Some people find It very difficult to listen. you remember Estela. Bill rye just spoken to a guy about how difficull it is to find work in New York. Interviewer So what have you learned from Talk to Me? Bill Well.. Ask students. asking for help on the street . buying something in a store. dealing with customers 01 work. though that's all gone now. I simply ask them "how's your day?" tnterviewer And how do they react? Bill Well. really.. "' could stand here and loll:. Introduce the topic Ask Is it easy for you fa talk to strangers? Why? Why nof? •• 1 Speaking skills Ask students to discuss the situation s and questions in Exercises 1a and lb in pairs.

Point to the pictures on page 30 and ask Wha! are they doing? Why? Put students in pairs. II's more fun! For example: complain = briefly oct out person complaining in Q store argument = move to and fro. Then ask students to write their own sentences and read them aloud to a new partner. ~I have finished. Encourage the listeners to paraphrase. and then ask them 10 read the questions in Exercise 4a and predict the answers. Concentrate on the differences in form between the two words. Before asking students to do Exercise 2c in pairs. The oudioscript for Track 13 is on poge T30 Pi. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. and focus on understanding and rememhering what the speaker said. Unit 3 T 31 RU connected? . Answers will vary.Let students decide on their answers to the questions in Exercise 2b in pairs before discussing them as a class. Then ask the groups to discuss the questions.it means "This should have happened by now: Common problems and enors Students put the adverbs in the wrong position in the sentence. Checking meaning As an alternative to translation. Briefly go over the answers with the whole class. Quick grammar guide: adverbs The key point is where the adverb goes in the sentence. Elicit feedback from the class to make sure students understand all the words. the adverb may be ploced between have and the main verb or at the end of the sentence. Ask the question in Exercise 4d to the whole class and elicit answers briefly. Answers will vary. help students find and underline the adverbs. what their partner communicated. and then look astounded Ask students to do Exercise sb in pairs. Ask students to liston and compare their predicted answers to the actual answers. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise z d in small groups. Then point out that it is a pronoun that refers to the words Liz Bany Qlld Bill Wetzel in the previous line and that it is used because the writer does not want to repeat the people's names. 4 Lead in Listening skills Set the scene by reminding students oboulliz and Bill. OR I have done if already. Play the audio a second time for Exercise 4c. is subtle: Yet is "positive" . honds on hips. already) Which adverb can go between have and the past participle or at the end ofthe sentence? (recently) Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3b. Typically. Encourage the listeners to keep quiet while their partners speak. Set up Exer cise 3d by modeling two or three sentences about yourself. in the present perfect. I ~ hove finished. 5 Vocabulary: talk Ask students to try to explain the words in italics in Exerc ise Sa to each other first. pretending to be two people arguing gossip = pretend to whisper in someone's ear. do the first as an example: Ask students to find them in line 5. try miming the words ond having studenls guess. This is not intended to be a conversation between the two partners but rather Speaker A and Listener B. and then ask them these check questions to make sure they are clear about the form rules: Which word goes at the end of interrogative and negative sentences? (yet) Which adverb is only used in negative sentences? (still) Which adverbs go between have and the past participle? (just. with the present perfect The two English words still and yet present a prablem as they are often expressed by only one word in other languages.it means "' expect this 1 happen in the fu ture: 0 Still is "negative" . as in these examples: I have already done il. The difference in use. Ask students to check the things that have happened to Liz and Bill. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with the present perfect For Exercise 3a . Go around the class and help. or say in their own words.

" "It's okay. Student B talks for one minute. Life is stressfu l in a big ci ty . Find these words in the article. In a big ci ty. she's stayed with us a few times recentlv .iI's good to talk. 1 " Have you finished your homewerk ~?" "I haven't even started it ~ !" 2 1 can't talk now. a The action happened in the immediate past. d Discuss these questions. . 5 How have you boon able to do Ihis fina ncially? 5 Do you think that Liz and Bill have gotten any benefits from their project? ~ b Listen to the interview and compare your answers with Liz and Dill's.) Student A: How good a Iistenor was your partner? When you have fin ished. Then compare with a partner. 3 I've just . Student B: Listen. already c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 34. you? 7 Do you ever gOSSip? If so. 4 • 1 z How would people where you live react to "Talk to Me"? Would you stop and talk to Liz and Bill? Why? I Why not? If you did stop. and doesn't need to be repeated.. 5 I've recently . . just b The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. Note the way they are used and complete each sentence below with one of them. then discuss the questions. . I still haveu 't found n joh. 4 Listening skills 1 What impression does the writer give of New a You are going to listen to an interview with Liz Yorl:: in the evening rush hour? It is very busy.teenagers.. still.~ '-- b Read the article again... check the meaning of the expressions in italic." up with her partner 2 They've had sorious problems with the police." talk to you? 4 Why have Liz and Bill encouraged people to 3 Have you had any trouble with the police? stop and talk to them? They believe that it can 4 What lessons has "Talk to Me" taught you? c h a nge I." do next 5 They've made some fr iends . . Wh ich of these things have to? happened to Liz Bnd Dill? 1 them (line 5) and BJL it (line 17) breaking 1 They've spokcn to someone without a job . d Complete the sentences to make true statements about yourself. Z I haven't . why don'. and Bill. What do they refer ~ c Listen agBin. prepare to talk for exact ly one minute. finished cooking dinner and we're about to eaL 3 "Any luck with work?" "No. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with th e present perfect a Find these adverbs in the article: just. Answer the questions. New Yorkers are ramous fo r heing talkative. (used only with negative scntences in the present perfect) still d The act ion or actions happened not long ago. bu t listening. middle-aged men 1 How do you get peop le to talk? 3 How do we know that New Yorkers like talking? Z How do people react when you invite them to They have heard "thousands of stories. 1 I still haven't . and tben repeat what Student A said. already. who with and when? b Good communication is not only about speaking. perhaps before expected. RU connected? Unil3 . yet. Bill? All typos . recenliy." 5 "Have you seen Mary at all?" "Mary? Yes. what kind of tbings do you talk about? If not. (used with questions and negatives) yet c The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. very soon before the moment of speaking. 1 Have you ever complained about anything? If so.. recently e The action has happened. what made you shout? 4 Do you know anyone who boasts a lot"! Who are they and why do you think they noed to boast? 5 How do you persuade people to agree w ith you? 6 Do you ever discuss problems with your parents? If so. Imagine you are Liz or Bill and answer 2 What type of people stop and talk to Liz and the interviewer's questions. I've J..it is therapeutic. . (You don't have to use exactly the sarno words. too... reverse your roles. Are you a good listener? Try this activity... what would you talk about? d Why do you think "Talk to Mo" is popular in New York? Suggested answers: New York is a busy. 4 I've already ." b Match the adverbs in Exorcise 3a with their meanings.coplo·s outlook .. 5 Vocabulary: talk a In groups. wi/hollt interrupting.!:!!!. 3 them {line 10) people 6 it (line 30) what they 4 Someone has robbod them . yet. non-s top city 80 people nonna lly have no time to ta lk. ['ve already done it. 2 do (line 9) tnlk to them 5 these (line 20) stories J They've insultod someone who was drun k. 4 "['II feed tho dog bofore we go out. what? Z Have you /rad an argument with anyone recently? What was it about? 3 Have you shouted at nnybody this week? If so." 6 They've made a lot of money. there a re a lot of lone ly people. Student A: Choose a topic from 1-7 above.

scientists and writers. icon link FAQs Web guide toolbar Weh site Web browser search engi ne This week's Webguide~ A http :Lwww. I just bought the new CD by The Darkness. anestapenglish_(om Here you will find listening activities .u kLmusi elJ iste n lots of online music from classical to jazz.000 links to humor Of every kind. If only I'd worked more on my listeningl I miss Pilar. "m E D c Unit 3 R conneded? U . bound to fail it. is a Web site . 7 8 9 10 11 12 across the screen is the scroll bar . from blues to rap.1 Warm up a Tho World Wide Web has created a lot of weird and wonderfu l things.bbe. A page in a magazine that gives you information about Web si tes is a Web Kuide .humorlinks.liter!!nmet.updated each month -from the online magazine from Macmillan. A pago or document that you can read on a Web site is a Web paee .bbc. D I haven't done any studying for the reading comprehension test yet.com / Hilarious site bringing together over 7. I wish I knew more aboul Johnny Depp! I haven 'I read anything about him for ages. home-page URL Web page scroll bar 1 Tho plnco on the Internet that appears first on your com puter is your home page. musicians. 5 Tho long narrow line at the edge of the screen usod for movi ng information up. including new vocabulary. political activists. 2 A software program that finds and dis plays pages from the Internet is a Web browser. I failed my English test.npr. E http :lJwww. from American comedy to Australian cartoons.(a. elc. Each story has a range of activities focusing on_ comprehension and vocabulary. A small pict ure on a computer screen that opens a program or performs an action is an icon A program that looks for information from many different Web pages is a search engjne .an excellent source of authentic English. c httgJJwww. A. How good is your Web vocabulary? Match the definitions below with the words in the box. they're my favorite rock band and I wish I could find more of their music. ' Here you will see the funniest jokes and pictures from around the world. Questions that Int ernet users frequcntly ask are called FADs o http:)/www.org/ NPR is an American radio network with an extensive audio archive . mostly of the multiplechoice variety. painters. environment and adventure. The un ique address of a computer or a document on the Internet is called a URL A place on the Internet wherc you find information about a particular subject. B. Over 50 news stories categorized under headings such as crime. She always cheered me up with her jokes. G http ~/ www.orz lennsf I F antastic site from CNN. You can listen to radio programs or select a range of special features . cartoonists. down.G . I wish she was here. or (j B http://www. b Read the Web gu ide on the right and recommend ono or more sites for the people below.ca. organ ization.ukLbbcfau rL audiainterviewsL Hundreds of faScinating interviews with famous people from every walk of life: actors. philosophers. 3 A con nection between one Internet file and anoth er is (I link 4 The row of small pictures on the screen that you click on 10 perform particular acti ons is tho Icoluor .

. be used to doing. Note the pronunciation: icon t alkonl FAQs fef el 'kjuzl t . cheer (someone) up 0: make someone happy I'm bound 10 . Then ask students to skim the web gu ide all page 32 to find useful sites for the speakers. When was the World Wide Web invented? How often do you use the Web? Whafdo you use it for? What is the most useful function of/he Web? 00 you have a home page? What's on if? Introduce the topic 1 Warm lip Ask students to match the words and definitions in Exercise la . You may wont to check some of the difficult vocabulary items from the text and review their pronunciation. Read a loud the quotations by the people in Exercise lb.Objectives Topic: the World Wide Web Writing Grammar Reading simple past. CJ Pronunciation guide URl/jual'el1 scrotl Iskroull Write on the board: Click on Find Choose Search Extension activity Then tell students that you have switched your computer on and you ore on your home page. Ask students to give you instructions 10 find Ihe information you wonl. and then let them check with a partner before going through the answers as a class. used to a Web guide do.. 0: Vocabulary irs almosl certain 10 happen 10 me exlensive == very large archive = collection or store hilarious = very funny RU connected? T 32 Unit 3 . using the verbs on the board and computer words from exercise l a. I wish / if only a lecture Ustening a lecture Speaking designing a Web site Ask students a few questions about the Web to introduce the topic.. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing them with the whole class. but you wont to go on the World Wide Web to find out exactly how old the Earth is.

let"s begin. can the user tell what the Web site is about? You see. Finally. Also. accessible. A sk st ud ents to p rin t ou t their favo rite home p age.with too many different secti ons ~ the page should look open. 5 Compare Pl ay the aud i o for Exercise 5. the page shouldn't be cluttered . taking into aC(Qunt the needs of the surfer. Repeat th e audio for Exerci se 5. but even good content can be unreliable because it con go out of dole very quickly. Now. up-to-date conlent shows clearl y wha t is on Web site usable. an d th en present i t to the class i n a fu lure lesson. Design includes clear text and good use of pictures. Now ore there any questions so for? Unit 3 T 33 RU connected? . but from the point of view of the user. 0 3 Prepare En courage each grou p to m ak e revi si on s to th ei r home page after comparing it to th e h ome page i n th e unit. I'm going to give you the basic points so you can go ahead and design a usable ond attractive Web site. and then go over the instruc ti on s in Exercise 2 with the cl ass.it is their job 10 think of interesting and unusual ideas_ Studenl D '" group secrelary . trans p aren t navi gati on uncl uttere d d esign wit h clear text and good u se o f p ictures n ot to o m an y c ol ors or 100 many pic tures free of adverti sing. a site mop. people need to know if the site is relevonlto them. Many people I've spoken to obout Web design soy things like. So. Students Band C = the "ideas" guys . so you don'l wont to use 100 many different colors. in this talk. the site should be as free as possible of odverti sing ~ this is another form of garbage that the user doesn't want to see popping up atl the time and gening in the way of the information you real ly need. build up a list on the bo ard of features o f a good Web site. Second. 6 Not ice Play th e audi o fo r exercise 5 again .il is his/her job 1 make notes of all decisions and 10 report the ideas to Ihe class. ask yourself the following five questions: First of all. so the site should indicate very carefully and clearly exactly what is there_ The third point has to do with navigoti on.. Fourth. A n sw ers (extra points m enti oned on audio) reliabl e. and you easily get lost or waste time. incl udi ng ani m ated pop-u ps \? @ t t . but don·t use too many pictures or the download time will be too slow. T h en h ave th e class vote on th e b es t Web site. you want accurate. I mean how we move around the site from page to poge. . and not too technical: and "I need to get the information I wont as quickly as possible. up-to-date information. if you wont your Web site to be easy to use. "I wish Web sites were simple and easy to follow. A sk students 10 listen and say w hat points fro m exerci se 4c are m en t ion ed. how usable and transparent it is. Ask stud en ts 10 com p l ete th e Jist i n Exer cise 6a and th e table in Exer cise 6b . the content: is the content rel iable? This is a key point because there·s a 101 of garbage out there in cyberspace. and links to other relevant pages. so I like Web sites that have very clear links ond site mops: Well. Ask stud en ts to write d own an y ex tra point s men ti oned i n th e lecture to add 10 th e cl ass list on th e b oard. n a. reliable. tmpartant navigation features are the toolbor. lost week we looked at Web sites fram a designer's point of view. T h ro ugh out Exer cise 4..2 Task D iv i de stud ents into groups of four. 7 Foll ow u p T hi s work s w ell as a homewor k task.. and inviting. what about design? Are colors used to good effect? You often find colors make it more difficult to follow the site map. We'll assume thai you don't write garbage. t T • 4 Feedbac k Ask one stud ent from each group to present thei r gro up's Web si te i deas .. so you don't gel lost and waste time trying to work out where to go nex\. Group organization Before doing the lask give each person in the group 0 role: Student A == group leader . I~ Okay. Today we're going to look at Web sites again. You want a fast download time.he/she has to ask the questions and make sure everybody contributes. By navigati on. With the Internet.

. clear c Now go back to your list of poin ts. 10 I!ASA + For Students FIND IT C NASA ' + AO'IANCED SEAJICIl _ 1:: . In your groups.... discuss these points @ a Listen to a lecture on Web desig n . on your list from Exercise 4c does the speaker 1 Who is the Web sile for? What are their interests? mention? 2 What "'ill the Web site contain? (Articles on ~ b Listen again and add any points the speaker things such as sports... sito for your class. b Present it to the res t of the class. ~ a Listen again.09..Out Powwow + Read More + Read More + Photo Gallery 09. a Choose a home page from a site you like and print it out.04 Station Crew to Join Far.. Complete the table with positive Prepare adiectives and phrases about good Web design. List the main points about your Web site..09. etc. present the concept of tho Web site and the home page to the class and they will vote on the one they 5 Co mpare like the most. science. rest of the class.~ h Look at the home page from a Web site at the top Yet.". up-ta-dato Content of this page.09. . and links. . music. Do you wan t to make any revisions to your Web site? 3 7 Follow up 4 Feedback a Present your idea for the Web site to the class and explain your home page.01. tips for mentions which are not on your class list. . RU connected? .04 KSC Cleans Up After Frances 09.04 Station Spacewa lk Successful 09. 5 Put your ideas into action . Which points and then design the home page.. View Video EXPlORIPlG lliE UNIVERSE 09. learning Engl ish: help with homework?) 3 What will appear on the home page? Think about 6 Noti ce text. trarll>pareut Navigation covered by this site..04 l atest on Genesis Probe + Read More . HUMANS IN SPACf . -"-<' . Can you add any other not cluttored .09.olLe accurate. Second . Check how many of your poin ts are usable.design the home page! b Notice how the speaker identifies the good points in Web sites.NA TIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMI NISTRATIO N + ABOlTT NASA -+ For Kids + NEWS & EVEHTS + MUlnM~DIA -+ POPUlAR TOPICS IF IT'S NOT SAFE. The third point . How does the speaker list her 4 What makes a good Web site? Think of your points? Complete this list. photos. Web site .03. important things a good Web site should have." WOfy ..~~ . finally. vote on the best Web site. inviting. points? Design accessible. Fourth ...04 Cassini t=inds New 2 Task You are going to enter a competition to create a Web b As a class. a You are going to report your group's ideas to the Listen to the lecture again if necessary. and your group will have to c Make a class list of the features that a good Web design tho home page of the site. Make notes on what is good about it and what could be improved. You will need to site should have.'0 . opon. SAY 501 Rofgl. favorite Web si tes and make a list of the five most First of all.

to sat that an actoo has not been done. u. bought. but I've never been to Argentina. she hasn't bought a used car. I ahJady fed the cat.y. too.to ask atxxJt experieoces that have happened at least once up to now (question form onty) Have you ever been fa London? for . PAST 1975 PRESENT tI Jack Slant W()(king for Ford. e. .ten we expect it to be done (negative form oriy) We sill hav&l't heard from our daughter il AusttaJia. need to do it). I haVen't called her yet because the phone isn't working/ s till .. Vocabulary Summary 1 IT and Internet words Look at the IT words and expressions in the box.. gNetl. and check th E" meanings in Lessons 2 and 4 1 a dictionary if you need to.. I boasted ahout huw I won the competition . •• .to say somethlng has happened n the recent past I've been to the movies 8 101 recent. about th e hotel room. Check the correct sentences and correct the wrong ones._ 1 persuade someone that shout at someone boast about something (to someone) Don't shout at the call Simon's always boasting about his expensive sports car. We haven't met Anna 's new boyfriend yet (but we expect to). ror two years. Jack works for Ford • Experiences that we have had in our lives (at an unspecifIed time) and that we may have again: I've been to Chile.. 8 We've been to a concert in the new auditoriun. We tOOk an amazing cruise down the Pacific coast.. since .. already . discuss discuss something (with wmeone) Co. link FAo. • Actions Of stales that began in the past but thai are contn.. 100.ing in the p-esent: Jack has worked for Ford since 1975.. Unil3 RU connecled? . the sentences using a word from the table. 3 I told everyone in the room about how I won the competition. Word or phrase Useful phrases complain have an argument shout at boast Example been there.. Fran has I never been .. Pfease take your shoes off. I wetJI there last year.-l> 3 Have you seen the new James Bond film stilt? James Bond film yo>t? 4 Louisa has recently made a lOt 01 new friends. we've been 1(' one last week.Jd I discuss my amuar-' raise with yoo Icx:iay? 1 I gave Sam alilhe reasons why he should come with us on vacatior. We had an argument about pol i tics. w e went to one last w eek ..to ask whether an action has been done (Y to sat that an expected actiOn has not been done (question and negative form 00y) Have )OU called your mother yet? No.. yoo'vs persuaded me to come this Karen gossips about everyt>ody so don't tetl her any secrets! someone to do SCltTlElt!Ylg gossip about someone evennr' '--' gossip ge"". more information.. Th en . I p ersuaded Sam to come with u s on va cation :--' 2 We disagreed strongly about politics.. in the simple past tense: I've been to Chile. web guide web site web browser search engine scroll bar to New York twice... we're have an arglJ'TlElflt with I had an 8rg. write them into the correct column in the table. recently .. used for periods of time We've had these dogs for five years..LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect \ Five of these sentences are incorrect... The errors can be in the present perfect itself or in the use of the adverb.. usually with a specifIC time reference. "--' Okay. He's just went out.... 2 Adverbs used with the present perfect just . v. My sister has just Question: Have you ever been to New Itlrlc? Has she bought a used car? Negative: No. tI «I 5 We haven't been to a good party since two years.. I've aJroody fed the cat (so you don'. Fann We form the present per1ecl with the auxiliary verb have + a past participle. or something meal to the manager... He's j ust gon e out...'A tool bar Iile <= homepage chat roo m go OIlIineloffii oe surr web p age download "--' v irus log on I log 01T I just had some coffee.. ever . used for a particular point n time I haven't seen Simon since Monday. Affirmative: "ve been bought 8 car.. In fact. Can I go naN? yet . tI To tal< about actions or states n the past but thai have some effect in the present. done. and add more words of your own. Note: In informal American English. 1 The President has never been overseas. • Recent actions or actions that we expect to do: I'vEI just had some coffee (a few nToutes ago).to state how k)ng an action has been in progress... I haven 't 2 Words connected with talking Look at th e meaning o f these words in Lesson 31 a dictionary.nan a continuing action started. Whi ch word from the table describes the situations below? Rewrr.for very recent actiorls complain about someone We complained about t. 7 Kevin and Jackie have just had their third child.. 2 Don't wait for Janes. With this use of the present perfect. beErI. womod.. ..to state. .for actions completed earlier than expected I've already flf'lished aI the questOOs. we often go on to add ~. No. the sinpIe past is often used n sentences >Mthjust and aIra:Kfy: J attachment icon link FAOs Web guide loolbar Web site Web bro~ search engine homepage chat room crash download file go online 1 offline log on 1 log off scroll bar surf virus Web page Computers The Internet ~ Both <>a.g.ment with iT'" someone about something brother about his friend~ ~ persuade " " '.. 6 Fran neyer went skiing but she hopes to go next year. and he agreed.... 4 Did Amanda tell you all about Mary's new boyfriend? Did Amanda gossip about Mary's n ew bo yfri end? 5 Iwas unhappy about the hotel room and I told the manager. We've just cJeaned the catpet.

n felt salisfied critical her wo . ~7-l'ea. 4 I try to figure Qut the meaning from the context. 3 Write a short explanation of how you figured out the meaning. For example. b You can also use word formation to discover what a word means.s J? 2 What kind of word is chood/e? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence. Use a dictionary if necessary. important new you learn from the reading texts. "ltdL the I:e:xl..J L.uuh alL r. b Discuss your answers with the ctass. J cd-ml} pd up ""iI hand and <n [nglsh askd ~ -new teaJ:hey. verb... Did yCXJ search for information on key pals? Have you made a key pal? In pairs. Discuss the c lues you used to discover .Z C> Z 01:: Figuring out meaning 1 Dealing with new words when reading a Read these strategies and check the ones that you have used when reading. can I pick..s aL-ways Ie as ""II as /k5l' flf . c:tu.r th. b Discuss your answers w ith your class or group.. If it isn't. 2 Every time I come across a new word. etc. I immediately look it up ~<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan from Unit 2: Making key pals In pairs. and title. 3 If there are a lot of words or phrases I don't know.ded fJU1 a ~y a'Yl:u:le awi f. use the context to guess the meaning of the words in italic. etc.sm:m.e !uui ?Ole ~.. Then try to guess more or less what the important words or phrases mean. the meaning. new words.n. out and their meanings. TiS:hJe:. ACTION PLAN [> out the meaning of new words Your action plan: figuring words During your next few English lessons make a list of arr.e:dUes m '!5fI $.r enCe:red /:he. ?!74uer fl!l!t nach 1& ilM". and adjectives to create the opposite.I:!. 2 Ust phrases. 1 Note the page reference. ~ in a dictiOnary or ask my teacher.a!e a<m"". rfly Jir1c . look at the sentence and answer the questions.r. talk about your action plan from page 25.. He refuses to buy a cell phone and won't use the copy machine. 4 The earthquake wa SIron strongly enough to 3 Pete's a real technophobe. disagreement: ::J >- o o Prefix Root 1 misunderstanding mi s under stan d discipline p l ace h app y cycl e Suffix in s 0.. 0 u appines is a quality that we don·t all misfortune to enjoy."""Y ""iI h-r1c fo-maL f=m. your brains for half an hour or so? de"". »a..an 7 ~ wi my fuw m dest&Yl1Pon. noun..1im< ¥ .. !:.J was a!mud a..w... ~ :sr~that her bOss sa estruetio workers.. Jane. usually negative.U 5 recyclable 2 Using contextual clues to figure out m eaning In pairs. nouns... I ignore it and carry on. 1 The man used a sharp ax to chop the tree down. meaning. I ask myself if the word is important in order to understand the text..l cWftad/. .. ccmp!eJ:e kgtn-ney and /lad fuui 1 ku. 2 Happy / have t 3 critici~ We know it's sharp.d m en t n ess able Ull . 1 If I don'. I stop reading because the text is too high for my level.e_n k_:' M 2 The word agree is the base word or root.wnung JlA. type of text.3 . 1 Write as many quesHons as you can about the nonsense words cratty and choodle. > L. The cratty choodle departed on time for a change.). fiau.. and it's a tool.se4 high!¢< allik ~-11" <M nd 7M 1m "»as 5 /umcti. like a knife. ~ . 3 Using structural clues to figure out meaning a You can also use information about the type of word (adjective.U o c Choose the correct word in italic. 4 Applying what you've looked at a Read this text and decide which underlined words or phrases are important to understand the text. 3 The suffix -ment indicates that the word is a noun. I reach for the dictionary.i /k. the noun made of three parts: prefix root disagreement is suffix ~~~ 1 The prefix dis. "The »O"»u2n h.errnan Ms= 'Whd lund q: chaxiIe.qr."i! aImt Ik 2 ~""'"9 f=m .an. 3 What kind of word is cratty? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence.snt1. I have to give this presentation next week and I know that you're really goocI at that kind of thing..ud. to discover what it means.he I:J1e afon. 1 Careful reference /<§i&encW is€sent~/ essentially in a research paper. . Tis:hJe:.a1he.dpfu1ty s. RU connected? Unit3 . a k1t of destrue Unemployed is causing 4 Hey. 2 First of all.. 2 undisciplined 3 replacement 4 unhappiness un .is used with some verbs.. you figured Note: You will need to show these notes to a dassmate at the end of Unit 4. In pairs. know something. so it's a tool for cutting down trees.g:so. f<. analyze these words in the same way as complete the table and say what they all mean..

I wish I hadn't gone out to restaurants every evening. 4 I at u early and write for a couple of hours and the~ usua y go I'm usuaJJ oing fo r II walk. 4 Have you finished that assignment yet ? We have to hand it in tomorrow. If only I didn't have to work so bard. used to play (play) but I'm too old and slow now. new car. Write the corroct form below.a Choose the correct tense. I 2 I am not used 10 working (not/work) with music on. 1 I left collage early without a degree. Could you turn it off. S We broke down on the highway and had to call for help. want to see that movie again -I've already seen it six times.ing verb and the verb in parentheses. If only I bad fin ished my major. 2 I've gained a couple of kilos during this vacation. simple present or present progressive. . 3 I've worked here for a long time and don 't want to leave . ~ 3 I'm only in California for a year or so ~ taldnBY 1 take a postgraduate course at UCLA. 5 Are you used 10 Ij Y in ~ • e Match the problems with the wishes and regrets. 4 I have to do two jobs to make enough 10 survive. a b c d e U only 1 had the money to buy 8. 3 My boss fired me. ' /11 goin 0 m y grand father's 75th b There are six mistakes with the simple past and present perfc<:t in the essay on the right. Z I've studied English since I was s ix and I still make mistakes. ( ) I wish I hadn't insulted her in fro nt of the other e mp lo~. My Hom etown. s ex weeken d I go / birthday party. please? 3 I didn't use to like (not/like) gardening when I was young but now I lovo it! (you/play) with toy trains when you were a kid? Did you use to play (you/live) in the country now? It's so quiel compared to tho town you moved from. 3 moved Mve Icmt 1 have traveled 4 b as lived 2 m et 5 have had c Complete these sentences with five of the adverbs from the box. since for just already yet ever recently 1 I don'.I'm used to working here. 1 Water is boiling ~t 100 degrees Celsius. 2 I live a lone back home but right now I share IEsharj~n apartment with my sister. S Have you ever taken part in a chat room? d Complete these sentences with the correct fonn of used 1o or be used to + . 1 I don'l play soccer any more. Look at the example and underline the remaining mistakes.

some . But I'd like ~bou~ my last boss. Of course. good to see you. I've been 1 . . more money from the bank._--_. or d. ay. b. e managed to create a pleasant.ussion argue 1 Our neighbors complained about the noise during Oill party last night. . Toe fact is my salary IS JU low..sh er. P y and Created a SPlCit.. I wonder if you can help me.. 1 Eyes : bl<'lck/blue/brown/green 2 Wine: red/white/black/rose 3 Hair: blondlbrown/vellow/black 4 Meat: red/white/brown/dark . We all respected ffi' ... and I. • persuade complain boast shout gossip disr..ked lip a 1 virus when I was surfing the 2 Net Luke Oh .e was not only experienced e Clent. ". and 5 organized b ' communicated a enl ' ut she great te'm .. . 3 Noth ing you say will persuade me to cross Niagara Falls on a bicycle! 4 Actors are well known for gossiping about each other .'ve ~ad a lot of bad managers in m y mcompetent. cold..y . apart from 2 . for everybody Sh a smile . ~ . a. spend everything I 5 . no! So what h<'lppens to your computer? John Well. whe!1 a bank 3 . Only five words or phrases are used. I haven '\ heen able to send any e-mails for days! Luke I know a very good 4 web site that provides really good anti-virus programs free.. but life is really hard but also the interest and I can't afford that. Luke r can try_ What's the problem? John r think I pir.. each other: we worked wdJ With a team and with h as her. g Underline the odd word out.. money. She w: ~e~:r~u re axed SOrt of person _ sh' c never seemed uptight or nervous and she always had time and '. Could you send me the details? Luke Sure.I get this message saying an error has occurred and the computer just switches itself off. yo. __ . ' yo. a". 3 ~dependent ' didn't k ' In our work . I -'oed her what my options were. 5 Have you heard? Joe and Helen had an enormous argument and aren't talking to each other anymore. don't only repay the loan The Ideal Boss ~me. aggressive. You can 5 download them onto your computer..f Complete this text with the adjective form of five of the words in the box. q.. but she couldn't hear me. attract friend create relax cooperate respect real organize romance independence h Choose the correct word. John Great. whict11 really don't want to dO. Complete the sentences with the correct form of five of the words in the box. c.she were fi eep telling us what to do _ we ree to work on our Own A result. . we were 4 COOperative. I try to be optimistic.I have so many obligations nowadays that I right now. connection Net Web sile scroll bar home page log on online John Hey.they love to talk about other stars' secret lives. 2 I shouted as loudly as I could <'II Ihe child. right away. to fill in the blanks. It's difficult for me to 4 •. 2 friend l ~tmosPhere in the workplac! _ we all gan to see each other SOcially She en?Ouraged us all to be ."". [ used olle and it worked. download attachment file crash toolbar viru:. I Wef1t to the bank for advice the other day.inht now .a lot of money recently and I needed some acMce from my loan officer. 1 Z 3 4 a a a a 5 a using @ pending lending ~aking owes b ends keep waste win b save ffi've c making ~ iSSing c aski ng d ?rrowing c borrows gives d guard c Jarn d gain Complete this dialogue by choosing the appropriate word or phrase from the box. every time I try to go 3 online .

Did you choose the person that the wri ter suggests is the most attractive? GLOSSARY a uribule ]lOslurc A positive foature of someone or something the way we hold our bodies as pire desire ilnd work toward something Unil 4 Together .~i 1 _ . The four people in the article below are a lso at the party and are not talking to anyone right now. Which one wou ld you talk to? Wh y? b Read the article quickly. -_ • 1 Reading skills a Imagine that you are at a party.

too. nothing exciting B Nothing exciting. being a biologist? B Irs okay. She lives on the next block. A Where are you from? B Michigan. What exactly do you do? A Oh. I am. 50. A Hi. A Really? You've kept in touch? a Yeah. Do you mind . A Well. A Oh.. In fact. I mean.. ore you kidding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. nice to meet you. Yes. A Yeah . A That's true. How do you know Angie and Dove. yeah. irs great I've met some rea lly interesting people. I oought it in Milan. I think Fli go get another drink. A Nice shirt Did you get it here? B Heavens. and then ask students tu read the text quickly and answer the question in Exercise 1b. Do you live near here? B Well. I'm from New York.. maybe some other time then. and the flight leaves very early in the morning . delighted to meet you. A I'd kwe to. okay. Are you enjoying the party? A Yeah. look I'm actually waiting for someane. on the other side of town. Set a time limit affive minutes. a Is it? A Do you like it. Whal a pain! a Well. on the other side of town. look . A Hey! Sa do II B So you're in the Iravel industry. - C Lauro. Caracas . what do you do? B I'm a research biologist. we do I suppose. I'm a flight anendanl. it is. I'm meeting some friends on Saturday . A I mean. thanks. nothing exciting a Nothing exc~ing. near the airport. I know Dove from way oock .we were in school log ether.. rm George. a Oh. How interesting! What exactty do you do? A Oh. I can give you a lift oock if you like. Are you having a good time? B Well. I'm going to try that new salsa club on Friday.. How interesting.. we're going to try and go every week if it's good. Are you enjoying the party? B Hello. A Well. A Yeah. near the airport A Hey. F minutes on Ihe bus to get ifty here. A Good party. A Wow. Do you live near here? a Well. A Hi there. it was really fasc inating. I've never been to Michigan. it's okay. I've just come back from Caracas. maybe we could gel together one evening? How aoout Saturday? A Oh.sorry. B Don't worry. Jane. do you work with Dove? a No. a Yeah. no. I bet you realty get to make some interesting discoveries. laura. rve just come bock from Coracas a wow. B Wow. this is Jane. I know Dove from way bock . I'm flying to Paris on Saturday. A Really? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. A Hi. A Yeah. a Yeah. Irs from Italy. Why don't you come along? What are you doing on Friday? A Oh. when you come on your own. are you Iddding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. right so you're in the travel industry. ThaI's fasc inating. so do I. we do.sounds great A Yeah. but irs a lillie difficult you know.' For Exercise 2c on page 39 !II A Do you work with Dove? B No.we're seeing a play at Ihe theater. the way. We went to a fantastic salsa dub there. I'm sorry. no. Uh . by a Okay. okay. lpause). I know. B Yeoh. maybe. sure. A Nice to meet you. "~--------------------------------------------------------------. B Yes. A Oh.. I'm Rachel. B Hi. but actually I'm staying with my friend Rachelthat's her in the black dress O\lef there. yeah. me. welt. it was really fascinating. no.Objectives Topic: attraction and communication Pronunciation Reading a scientific article Grammar future plans and intentions intonation: (going to. well. what do you do? B I'm 0 research biologist A Wow. rm from New York lpause) So. Caracas . lpause) A Well. right? B Yeah. A Really? ThaI's interesting. Together T 38 Unit 4 . I think the JXlrly's great. look I'll give you my number . I have my car here. I suppose. since we live near each other.we were in school together. . I've never been to Michigan. then? A Angie and 1worK together. Point oul the Glossary. present progressive. irs not so diflicull when you're in the some town. iI's not so difficult when you're in the some town. See you later. ThaI's fascinating.sounds great. I'm a flight attendant. A Really? That's interesting. sure. A Where ore you from? B Michigan. recognizing and simple present) expressing interest Ustening a conversation Speaking discussing intentions Ask students What do you do fa make a good first impression when you meet people for the first time? Write students' suggestions on the board and add (or elicit) the following: smiling looking cool listening folking a 101 being funny Introduce the topic asking questions 1 Reading skills Set up the prediction task. a Okay. 15 For Exercise 2a on page 39 !ioI A Hello there.. that's rea lly nice of you. A Oh. Come along some other time. a You like salsa? A love it. Do you travel a lot? B Yes. A That's tru e. a Me too. George B Yeah.

Hey. and they seem to like each other and are making friends. 3 . the more bored people sound . You may need to play and pause the recording to allow students to wri1c their answers. I fJI9y tennis tomorrow afternoon. scheduled events. so do I How interesting! Nothing exciting. as needed. they make friends and arrange to meet. Going to is used to emphasize the intention rather than the plan or a rrangement . Answers will vary. and arrangements in the Grammar Summary on page 4G of the Student's Book. he uses a flat intonation . and 4 . Play the audio fo r Exercise 2a . Ask student s to listen and match the conversat ions wi th the people. Caracos . UI is arranged. Ihe simple present is nolo common future form . Tho woman sounds bored because of her flat intonation: she does not seem interested in the man. 4 Grammar review and extension: future plans.Ask studen ts to co mpare their notes from Exercise lc with a partn er. Pause after each conversat ion to elicit studen ts' illlswers. Monitor students and listen for common mistakes. 2 Listening skills If you wish. and arrangements If students need help wit h Exercise 4. Ask st udents to complete the conversations. Students should be using present progressive fo r fixed arrangements and going to for intontions. inten tions. In 2.! Common PfOb'ems and errors Students m(f. Ask stud~nt s to discuss Exercise l d in pairs. the court is reserved. Thofs foscinating. Unil4 T 39 Together . The audioscripts for Track 1 5 and Track 16 are on page T38 ~ 171-------------------------------------------------------------Really? Thors true.1 I'm going to play tennis tomorrow. with a slight difference of implied meoning. Answers will vary. t\it 5 Speaki ng skill s Have students work individually to plan fo r one o f the si tUlI\ions. Conversely. The difference is subtle and often either fo rm can be used in any situation. the more interested people sound. to copy the intonation pall crns they hear. and then have student s roport briefly to the class. the "other" person gives up and goes away. Ask students to listen for answers to tho questions in Exercise lb. fThars my de<ision. Realty? Thafs interesting. In English. both women sound interested: their intonation has more high and low tones. I'm ploying tennis tomorrow. exaggerating tho di ffe rences in pilch. first ask students to predict what they thin k the people in the pict u res might say in each conversation. the man sounds interested . Because English tends to use a wide intonation pattern.0 and a ppears to be wai ting for someone and wants the other person to go away. the man sounds very bored.ld thi s again as homework.it is only used for impersonal. Quick grammar guide: future The present progressive is used to talk about personal plans and arrangements that have been ful ly planned and fina lized. the more "exaggerated" the intonation.it is the decision you have mode. Answers: In conversations 1. 1 3. In conversation 2. Play tho aud io for Exercise 2e. Answers: In 1. ore you kidding? Wow. Play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and repeat line by line. Play tho audio for Exercise 2c aga in.sounds great. Play the aud io again.j overuse the simple ptesentto lalk about personal arraogements. no one can stop me. ask students to say who sou nds interested or bored. As they listen. 3 Pronunciation : intonation Quick pronunciation guide The "flatter" the intonation. Wow. Then put them in pairs to discuss their plans. it is important to get students to reolly exaggerate when repealing the "interested" intonation patterns from the recording. review the ru les for expressing intentions. or assign students to Tei. plans.

B Wow. 1 she / fly I Thailand I Saturday (She bas already bought the ticket. I suppose.) I'm going to stay at home and watch soccer on TV tonight. clothes. So. Match the conversations with the four people in Exercise la.\. Wow. it was really fascinating. b In pairs. 4 1/ stay I home I watch soccer I TV tonight (But I could change my mind. Do you agree with th e writer? d Think of your best fri end or boyfriend/girlfriend. Do you live near here? 8 Well .g. F 5 Jeremy always arrives late for the class.we were in school together. A Rea lly ? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. F 4 I'm staying with my cousin in Chicago next weekend. 5 we I play I ill I soccer final I Saturday (It's in the program.) Her fli ght leaves at 7:30 in the morning. are you kidding ? I bet you get to see some in teresti ng places . no._ ~ b Listen again and answer the questions. . . and arrangements a Look at these examples and answer the questions. b Which sentences describe the present and which What is tho outcome of each conversation? 2 Which conversa tion is the most successfu l? Why? 1 Listen 1 these short exchanges from the 0 conversations and complete them.. a Which tense/verb form is used in each example? 1 '" present progressive 2 '" simple present 3 going to + infinitive b Which example describes an intention. F 3 My train arri ves at six on Wed nesday. I've just come back from Caracas. Make notes of your plans for tho situation (e. A Well.. You won't know anybody there. what do you do? 8 I'm a research biologist. 3 her parents I take her / airport (Th is is their intention.g. times. Who sounds interested? Who sounds bored? Why? mtonation shows how interested we are in a penon or a conversation. A ThaI's true . 2 The fli ght leaves very early in the morning. talk abou t the si tuations and what you in tend to do.. (The people in the pict ures are the second speaker in each conversation. B Nothing exciting. Really? That's interesting ? I've never been to Michigan.) 1 person _ 4 _ 2 person _ 3 _ 3 person _ . 2 Your hoyfrielld's/girlfrielld's parents have invited you for lunch. Remember to show interest in what your partner says ! I'm going to a party on Satllrday. near the airport. I know Dave from way back . on the other side of town ._ 4 person _ . Discuss the notes with your partner. 5aluniOJi.) 5k:s Illf"U 10 7ioa<knd on. not a plan? 3 c Which example describes a very definite plan. ThaI's fascinating . 1 Are you enjoying tho party? P 2 We're leaving for Paris noxt Monday. 5 Speaking skills a Choose one of the situations below. 1 You're new in this town and you have been invited to a party on Saturday. . conversation topics). Listen and repeat the phrases that you wrote in the conversations above. travel) and your preparations (e. How interesting . describe the future? Write P or F. 6 game I start I 3:00 / afternoon (This is the scheduled time. using the correct form.) The game sta rts at 3:00 in the afternoon.) \-Ve are playing in the soccer fina l on Saturday. 1'111 going to wear Together Uni14 3 Pron unciation: intonation ~ ~ listen to the exchanges again. We're sccing a play at the theater. intenti ons. it's not so difficult when you're in the same town. 1 I'm meeting some fri ends on Saturday. P c Read the information about the ways of express ing future plans and intentions on page 46 . we do. but you want to make some new friend s. 1 A Do you work with Dave? B No. I'm a night attendant.. well.c Make notes of what the writer says about the four people in the pictures.) Her parents are going to take her to the airport. What exactly do you do? A Oh. Where did you moot? What do you think first attracted you to that person? 4 Grammar review and ex tension: future plans. I'm from New York. You haven't met them before and you want to make a good impression. then write sentences from the prompts below. A Hey! SodoJ ! 2 8 So you're in the travel industry. 2 her fli ght I leave / 7:30 / morning (This is the scheduled time. such as a schedule? 2 II:: 2 Listening skills ~ a Listen to four conversations at a party. A Yeah. Caracas Sounds great . yeah. nothing exciting. 3 I'm going to try that new salsa club. 3 A Where are you from? B Michigan.

. is marriage not a necessity for women any longer? Z .. many couples now cohabit and don 't bother to marry . . And it is also tr ue that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences.~ame POSitiOll as another persoll Unit 4 Together .Marriage: a dying institution? 1 Read ing skills s One in Iwo couples in th e United Slates get divorced.. and will+verb extramarital affairs will be even more common than they arc now. @j 3 A good marriage can bring a lot of benefits. the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriges.. the ratc of divorce in the U nited States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now. the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. Why . but they do not So is m arriage really an outdated institutio n? The fact that m ost people still get married indicates that it isn 't. such as heart problems. C appear in either the marriage or divo rce statistics.. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! c Find reasons for these facts in the article. pessimistic cohauit Iivl! together (as a couple) counterpart SOlIlIlo ne in tht! . Some futuri sts predict that in 100 will+verb years. the average American will marry at least four times. \Vhile the rate of divorce has risen. [) 2 The current trend and predictions for the future nrc for an increasing divorce rale. Match the paragraphs with the four brief summaries. b The institution of m ar riage has been based for years pa rtly on economic need. In addition to this.. to+ver to get worse. . Going b and the evidence suggests it is going . d But what are the reasons for this. 4 The increase in the divorce rate may be the result of changes in society. so marriage is still quite popular. In answer to the second question. and married men generally consider themselves m o re contented than their single counterparts.. tal k about successful marriages that you know. so they don 't feci that they need to stay in a failing marriage. and the rate is increasing. according to a spokesperson t for the N ational Family Association. arc the statistks deceptive with regard to people stayi ng in fi rst marriages? 4 . Women used to be economically de pe nde nt on their husbands as they usua lly didn' t have jobs outside the ho m e. 1 . In fact. 0 GLOSSARY flx tra marilal outside of marriage gloomy dnprcssing. more than 50% of first marriages survive. docs the number of cohabiting couples not affect the trend? 3 . this is no lo nger the case. [li} - !aJ THE STATE OF MARRIAGE TODAY • Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years. and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer [Q the first question is really quite si mple: marriage is no lo nge r the necessity it o nce was. If •• · teen d connnucs. UI IS first it will lead to the break-up of the eonditional family.. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs. is marriage benefi cial to men? d In pairs. What makes a good marriage? Couples have to lenrll 1 accept each other's differen ces. Why do you think people gct divorced? Are there as many di vorces in your country? b Read the art icle quickly.these couples are effectively married. 1 The statistics may give an unnecessaril y pessimistic impression of marriage and divorce.

life experiences Reading a social science article Grammar predicting the future: will. Introduce the topic Elicit two lists of advantages on the board. 4 Married men suffer less from stress and feel more contented. Tell them to discuss the questions and look back at the article to research their answers . Elicit students ' answers and write on the board some examples of the students' advice. first conditional Writing an Internet posting Speaking discussing family and marriage Write on the board Being single and Being married. Divide the class into two halves. Extromarllal affairs = relationships outside marriage Gloomy picture = negative view Economic need = need for financial support Pessimistic outlook = negative view of the future Outdated institution = sociallrodilion that is not modern and needs chonging Vocabulary Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise l d in pairs. Answers: 1 They are no longer economically dependent on their husbands. Allow one minute. Tell half A to work in groups of four to write a lis) of advantages of being single.Tell half B to work in groups of four to write advantages of being married. 3 There is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. Which "hair hod the most adYonloges? 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. You may wish to point them out to students. Remind them to check the Glossary. 2 Because they do not appear in marriage or divorce statistics. Together T 40 Unit 4 . Set a short time limit (four minutes) to encourage students to skim the article. and then ask students to read the article quickly and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise lb. There ore a number of collocations in the text. going to. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise lc.Objectives Topic: marriage and the family Vocabulary the extended family.

After students have studied the rules on pago 46. and thell ask them which forms they use. Move around the class. helping students with ideas and vocabu lary. so thoy should write their "posting" legibly on a soparate piece of paper. Ask 0 basic question to help students understond the gist (or main ideo) of the article: Is the writer concerned about the family or not concerned? Give students a minute to ask th eir purtner's opinion in Exercise 4b. •• 4 Writing skills Let students check their answers to Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing as a class. Model the activity in Exercise 2c by providing one or two examples. he ~ the start of the film. If Peter doesn't come soon. helping students with any questions they have. Answers will vary. Put students in pairs and make sure they agree on which statement they are going to write about. Common problems and errors A common persistent error is likely to be using the simple present for predidions. Let students check in pairs before goi ng over the answers as a class. Quick grammar guide: predictions Going to expresses 0 prediction bosed on evidence now. ignoring the spoces. Move around the class. Put students in small groups to practice the vocabulary by discussing the questions in Exercise 3d. Then invite students to rewrite them ond post them on the classroom wall so that students have on opportunity to read whot everybody has written. especially with conditionals. Additional actfvity Collect ond correct the postings and their replies. Presentation altematiYe Ask students to read the Internet posting quickly. ask them to complete the paragraph in Exercise 2b with the correct verb forms. When students are ready. 3 Vocabulary: th e family Ask students to do Exercise 3a and 3b individually and thon compare with a partner before checking answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 46. In troduce the activity in Exercise 4c carefully. and thell ask st udents to write their own predictions and compare them in pa irs.2 Grammar: pred icting the future Help students find and underline the predict ions in the first paragraph of the article for Exercise 2a . form groups of four and ask the groups to follow the instructions in Exercise 4d. will is used to express 0 prediction thot is 0 personol opinion. Tell them another student will read their work lator on. Unit 4 T 41 Together .

. b. d . com pare your sentences.4 children. where a couple has gotten 5 divorced . c You arc going to write a posting about a related topic. Couples need to produce an average of 2. an d t he woma n has to brin g up the child ren totally o n he r own. marriage . exchange postings. which can't be good for them . but in many countries that has fallen to below two and 1 will definitely continue (defini tely continue) to faiL In some European countries the average couple has only one child and evidence suggests that it 2 is Boine to get (get) worse as more couples dl. and there 6 will be (be) less money available for the sick and the elderly. c.e. Write a reply a nd "send" tJlO message back again. 4 If you have a sisler with a different falher or mother. Then you get divorced peo ple who remarry and end up with seve ra l 3 Vocabulary: th e family a Complete each definition about the family with two words fro m the box.. 1 People have children too young . blolliea children famil y fat her half ffl-. 5 Mother. 2 Single-parent famil ies can't bring up children as well as traditional famili es.eY-{'n-/aw.. 2 Your husband's father is your father-in-law . a (f can come at any time after b) Together Unit4 . What can we do about this? Your wife's brother is your /m:i:J. 1 A woman with children who works ou ts ide the home is a working mother . The order of the stages most often is: e. 2 If more people get divorced . In pairs.. Which future forms do th ey usc? b Look at the ways of predicting the futu re on page 46. 3 If you marry a man or woman with children. pare nts a nd children. Thi s. 4 Divorce is not necessarily bad for ch ildren. 1 got a more chi ldren b married 2 got 3 got c a baby 4 go out with d engaged have a boy/girl 5 6 have f divorced . there 4 will be (be) fewer people in work. Underline four predictions ahout the future of marriage. . Write a short posting of about 100 words. discuss the st<ltemcnts below a nd choose one that you are bot h interested in. single-parent families 4 In the future. 3 will cause (cause) many problems in the future. It is n't rig ht .2 Grammar: predicting the fut ure a Read the fi rst paragraph of the article again. c Check your answers in the Vocabu lary Summary on page 46.!UL: child re n . which of course leads to more cri me and u nemployment. a nd if they had to work.. fat her. What has happened to t he 1 traditional fam ily. Then. leaving t he children with only one parent at home .and these poo r child ren get totally confused. they become your ~. 1 Do any of the phrases in Exercise 3a describe you? Which ones? 2 Do you have any of the people in Exercise 3a in your family? Which ones? 3 How many of the actions in Exercise 3b have you do ne·t 4 Writing skills a Read the Internet posting <lbout the state of marriage and com plete it with words fro m Exerc ise 3. 6 A man or woman on their own with children form a single-parent fam ily. Dno of the problems faced by the western world is its falling population.!1.or worse. c Complete these pred ictions in your own words. discuss these q uestions. i.. they left the children with their own mothe r o r mot her3 in-law . in pairs. 3 in the fut ure. and two children form a traditional famil y . with t he mothe r at home? It see ms tod ay t hat most child ren have 2 working mothers. If the population cuntinues to fall. so they are left wit h strangers all day. h Do you agree with the writer of Ihi s posting? Discuss the posting with a partner. 3 Families where both parcnts work have sOllle Advantages. b Match the verbs and nouns.lttw in-law mother parent single sister step tradit ional working 1 7 .. Then o f cou rse there are the 4 single-parent famil ies. then complete the paragraph below with the corroct form of the verbs.before they know whether their relationship is "right"..ililJ:m. 1 in 50 years. In my day. Compare your order with a partner. of course. governments 5 will raise (raise) less money in taxati on.'Cide not to have children.. then write th em in the order in which we usually do these things in our lives. mothers stayed at home with their child ren. d Join with another pair and in groups of four. the size of families d In sma ll groups. where t he cou ple d idn't get 6 married in the first place. she is your half sister . Read out interesting messages to the class. I believe that these children will grow u p with terri ble problems.

though. but I don't think it really suits you. but listen when he/she wants to talk Together . b Discuss your answers with a partner. We play b8S~n t~ether every weekend and have a great bme. d In pairs. Someone near " me" in the circlo is more important than those further away. A And Paul? B He's my best friend. if your friend had a new hairstyle and you thought it looked awful? a say "What did you do to your hair?!" b say '1l1at looks great! Which hairdresser did you go to?" c say "Sorry. I wouldn't h ave a dose friend to confide m. Talk about the people and why they are important to you." your score on page 149.. We've been togot~er for three years and I th ink we'll get roamed some day. What would you do . How would your li fe be d ifferent with out them? A Who's Karen? B She's my girlfriend. Then look at . It might be nice if you cut it shorter.Friendship 1 S peaking ski lis What kind of friend are you? Choose the best a answers for you in the questionnaire below." if you were sharing an apartment with a friend and they never did any housework? a tell your friend they had to move out b stop doing housework yourself to make a point c talk to your friend about it and explain the probiem if your best friend started to make a lot more money and you were still almost always broke? If your friend was feeling really depressed after a relationship breakup? a feel jealous and ask your friend to pay for you all the time a stop calling your friend because he/she is atways complaining b tell your friend to call you whenever helshe wants if you were at a party with a friend and you met a really attractive person? a spend all evening with the person and ignore your friend b ask your friend if helshe minds if you spend the 'NhoIe evening with the person c invite the person to join you and your friend b see less of your friend because you don't want himther to pay for everything c suggest doing things together that don 't cost a lot of money c insist on taking your friend to parties. him . Do you agree? C Y and complote tho " important relattonshlps c d~~le with n amos of friends and family. ask and answer question s about your circle . Without.

I lost touch with most of my friends and . She lived just down the street . strike up a friendship means start a friendship. if you had 10 choose the most imporlant person in your life.. yes.not a real friend. lers sIT'( up to the age of four. Foe = enemy lIiterary word.? B I don't know really. Your mom again? 8 Well. I don't think so. A She became more imporlant? B Right . B Well. when I was about five to eight? A Right B . A Well. in sports. no contes!. Then put students in pairs to talk about their answers. Introduce the topk reliable. that's fine. peaple like that. and. B Four. around the age of nine or len . no. well . nol used commonly in speech).Objectives Grammar Topic: friendship Vocabulary friendship: collocations Reading a magazine questionnaire second conditional Ustening interviews Speaking discussing friendship Set the scene by asking students What qualilies make a good friend? Elicit words and phrases like honest. so we didn't trusl each other as much. yeah. go ahead. Now how about the late teen years. my mom used to go out to work and my teacher. A Okay.. irs just amazing when. but we had a baby a couple of months ago. I guess my little daughter is Ihe most important person in my life now. For Exercise lc. 2l-ish. A No friends? B Yeah. "girlfriend" and then . 17 1 20. etc. what I can tell you is that your answers agree with most of the population . Briefly elici t answers from the class. A 101 of people still soy their mother for that age. bul if 1hod to soy right now. Together T 42 Unit 4 . A Thanks.. 1 Speaking skills Give students fOUI or five minutes to do Exercises la and lb. Now. if you look bock to that lime. Far Exercise 4 on page 43 ':IiI A Excuse me. t'm going to ask you to think bock to your childhood.would you soy thaI was true for you? B Welt I'm not sure. to when you were very young. That's easy. for girls. B How young? A Well. Um if t hod to choose someone from that time. soy 1 to about 16. B 50 wha t about my answers. have students copy the "ME" circle on a separate piece of paper. bul I think we were starting 10 get more competitive. A And the next most imporlont person? B You mean. A Thanks. t think it would be the girl I used to ploy with most. tha t's fine. I'd like you to Ihink back to when you were a teenager. nothing else seemed to matter . A Oh. you know. and so on. Now who stands out as the most imporlont person? B Well. if you had to choose the most important person in your life from. Give them two or three minutes to think of the names they are going to write in their own circle. thars a little mare difficult I suppose Ihars the age when you start looking for role models and I was crazy about rock slars and basketball and that kind of thing. who would il be? B Mmm. 50 rd say Carlos 5ontano or Kurl Cobain. but I suppose after my girlfriend. definitely.. Well.. and I'd like to ask you a couple of questions. and sports stars like Michael Jordon. 3 B That's easy . caring. Thank you very much. A And how about now? Howald are you if you don't mind me asking? B No. First.. or perhaps a brother or sister. I'd soy it was my school teacher. A More importanllhan parents? B Absolutely. thaI's the answer most people give. Culture note A fair-weather friend is someone who is only friends with you in the good limes . Right. Much more imporlont A Now. And I didn't have brothers or sisters. soy. Would that be okay? 8 Sure. you know. You know. I'm 26. do you have a minute? I'm doing a survey on imporlont people at different stages of our lives. A Right.. who would you choose? Jusl one. a good listener. fo r most people real friendship begins after this period. so obviously my wife is real imporlont to me. you see. interesting. I got married two years ago. A Ah. what do they mean? A Well. I see. I can't really remember. A Now. 0 B Easy . Now.she become a kind of mother figure. .my girlfriend. I think I'd say I made my first real friend about that time. you know.. A And would you soy he or she was the most important person in your life then? B Oh. My first real girlfriend . my mother.yeah.it wasn't so long ago! A Good. your mother. the age of fIVe to eight years old.

they have little meaning and are used to give us thinking lime when we speak. 4 Listening skills Set the scene by writing on the board: porenls. If someone at a party were unfriendly toward me. pointing out that students have to match the sentence halves and then write whole sentences. Model Exercise 3b carefully. II is useful to help students see the similority between If I had a new car . as needed.. Afterwards. I would be upset.. or past + past in both clauses. Play the audio again and ask students to expand the responses in Exercise 4c. elicit students' answers and have them compare the survey with their an swers. or sometll/·ng + that . and I wish I had a new car. condtianal Common problems and errofS Students confuse which form they should use in each clouse. in modern speech was is also used. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. then complete the rules. Their approximate meanings are listed below: sure. If I were rich. As you elicit students' answers afterwards. Here. Encourage them to practice using the words in Exercise 4c . as in the example in sentence 2 . gerund. . besl friend. ask students to underline the verbs in lhe clauses in exercise 2c. 3 Grammar review: second conditional For Exercise 3a. and then ask different students to come up to the board and write one of their sentences." in other words. 1/F8lIeI88 around Ihe world..2 Vocabulary: friendship Briefly elicit answers from the pairs for Exercises 2a and 2b. Ask At what stage of your life are these people mosl important? Why? Then ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks and complete the "me" column.n pairs 10 do Exercise 4d . students often use would + verb in the condllionol clause as well as the main clouse. explain that the following expressions are often used to "buy time. and indicate grammatically correct answers: Friendship is . and equate the simple past with such hypothetical concepts (and the post subjunctive if used in their first language!. Let students check their answers in pairs. However.fun / being there / something that you have to work on. I moon = I'm going to try to explain Put students i. absolutely = of course I no problem or I agree well = give me a moment before I speak you see. boy/girlfriend. Start students on Exercise 2c by giving them examples for the first two sentences. The oudioscript for Track 18 is on poge T42 11i. If I w9wJ9 §fI now. buying time. would needs to be followed by an infinitive. Ask students to listen and complete the "survey" column . I would gel home sooner. Point out that this sentence needs to be followed by an adjective.second Many languages hove the past subjunctive in hypothetical condllional clauses. Point out that were is commonly used in the first person in second conditional sentences. husband/wife. Since there is no such subjunctive in English. Unit 4 T 43 Together . You may n eed to play the recording a second time. Quick grammar gUide: .

. my mom used to go out to work . '- 2 If someone at a party were wlfriendly toward me. / __ old friend become fr ie nds I 4 Listening skills a Who is the most important person in your life right now? Why? Has this always been the case·! Complete this table for the different times in yo ur life.f 7mf}hl 2 die .. I 3 If I wanted 10 get married.If I w anted to get married . 1 mean. make friends Illore easily.. friendly b Add the words in the box to the diagram. 5 b . my mother.. + would (not) + infinitive b Read about the second conditional on page 46. I'm not sure . Sure. Who are going to be the most important people in your life'! Together Unit 4 . 1 2 If I weren't so shy.od/ fri end \ --- be friends M. I would . 6 eld . or could. sure.. My girlfricnd. we 5 If I thought a friend weren't honest with me... .. e. compare yo ur answers from the chart and think about the future. (Jb.. 4 If [ had a fair-weather friend.. you see.. My first rcal girlfriend .c. no contest. 2 That's easy. we wouldlmight/could meet more people. definitely. 4 If we went out more often. I would end the fri endship... no. 5 If my girlfriend/boyfriend did something I disapproved of. meel more people. keep friends for longer. 3 WdL. 8 Easy .. 3 If [ wanted to make new friends...g. well.. ecJ. form a real " dose friend friendship iend'\.. 7 Absolutely. frIEnd hey once. end the friendship. 4 You mean . I don 't think so. you ~ c When we speak naturally we often add little words to make our speech sound more natural..If fee '»f}f /:e1.. Then match the condition clauses with the main clauses and write sentences in the second conditional with would. a . Much more important. d In pairs.If we went out more oRen.. you would might/cou ld keep friends for longerl make fri ends mo re easily. Second conditional = if + simple ~. f .. d Share your ideas with another pair. Listen again and expand these responses to make them sound more natural. I can't really remember.U· you weren't so demanding. Important people in my life Age 0-4 5-8 ~ best friend . go ahead. might. u'Ved neay me. sec her once a week.. 4 c . You see .~olutely.2 Vocabulary: frie ndship a Add some words and phrases from the questionnaire and scores in Exercise 1 to Lhe diagram. 6 One way of striking up a friendship is . '- 3 Grammar review: second conditional a Look at the clauses in Exercise 2c and complete the rule. 3 a .. I 6 If you weren·t so demanding. I would/migh t/could make friends more easilyhneet more people. Can YOIl add any other words or phrases? 9-12 13-16 17-21 22-25 become friends form a friendship girlfriend real friend strike up a friendship unfriendly C [11 ~ b Listen to a survey based on the table above and complete the ·'Survey" column.If I weren't so shy. I w ould marry someone different from me.... 1 Friendship is . complete each sentence with two different ideas.. I would . 1 would . pairs...If I thought a friend weren 'l honesl with me. I would . 1 a b c d e f 1 marry someone different from me. when' was abollt five to eight? 5 Well. 1 If my best friend lived ncar me. 6 Well. .family friend .. Survey mother girl down Ule street fi rst real friend role models first rea l girlfr iend wife unfriendly .

In info rmal conversation we often leave words out. It is such a pain 2 Remember last summer. if you say so .. why you put thorn there. 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people completing and discussing the questionnairo. Whore did it happen? II was in a pizza place in town . When did it happen? Who wero you talking to? How did you roact? Why did you roact as you did? How did you feel afterwards? 2 Task a Take the quiz on the opposite page to fi nd out how assertive you are. b Find tho "missing" words in these examples from 2. A 5 Well . lei's do it your way. Have you been in any of those situations? Did you assert yOUl'self or not? Discuss the situation with your partner. b Discuss th o quiz in a small group.. but in my opinion . 3 Wasn't very assertive of us. willing to accept what others want above what you want 6 Notice a Look at these extracts from the conversation.. That's/How amazing. n on-assertive not making your opinions and desires known.. or argue with someone non-assertive assertive aggressive I b In groups. Explain 10 your partner. 3 Prepare a Check your answers with the key on page 149. . non-assertive (NA). NA c Thi nk of your famil y. 1 This has happened to me so many times such a pain. Which of them do you tend to say? 1 I wou ld like 10 discuss this with you. if you don 'I mind. a ssertive behaving and expressing ideas in a firm and confident manner 3. assertive. the convorsation. with examples. the restaurant near the beach? Do you remember .. or aggressive (AG) language. b Summarize what you have learned about yoursel f and others in your group. aggressive. and acquaintances. friends. AG 4 I sec your point. Which words have the speakers left out from the underlined expressions? 1 I still havon't done the last two. . 7 Follow up Look at the sit uations in the quiz. . often indicating that you want to fight.1 Warm up a Look at the defi nitions. was it? Itlfhat wasn't. decide whether these expressions are assertive (A). or non-assertive? How about Jane? 1. A 2 Do it now! AG 3 That's a really dumb idea. finished ages ago. What was the incident? I had really bad food at a res/aurnnt. I'd ask people to introduce themselves. How assert ive are you compared with the other members ofyoUT group? 4 Feedback Report your group's results to the class. Write the initials ofthree or four people on the scale. Done yours? Have you done yours? 2 Yeah. NA 6 I don't mind what we do. Which questions do they discuss? b What kind of person do you think Rob is. Keep a note of the other students' answers. 1 finished ages ago. Where do you think you come on the scale below? Put a cross ut} at the best poi nt. aggressive behaving in an angry or rude way. Which group has the most assertive members? Unit4 Together . attack. 4 Really? Amazing. using these questions.

an aggressive statement is often short and rude. Rob is non-assertive. . and 3. If necessary. T As they are ell assertive. but . . Decide which film you want to see at the movies tonight.. After they hove finished. . Tell the groups to discuss situation 1. Write three situotions on the board. Then divide students into groups of four and ask them to discuss their answers. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to prepare to speak. 6 Notice Read through the examples in Exerc ise lia a loud. J. When they are ready. Ask students to listen and say which questions they discussed. B. You could write the following phrases on the board to hetp students prepare their summaries: We found that whereas . elicit students' answers for Exer cise s b. Then divide the class into groups pf fo ur and ask them to discuss the expressions in Exercise lb .•. change situotions and change roles. PresenIo1ion alternative 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to present the group's findings.. students should make a note of each other's answers and pay special attention to the ones they have in common. playing their roles. . 2. nor. Answer: 2 Task Ask students to lake the quiz.. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa .. An assertive statement is expressed us ing polite language (I would like . Both .. Neither . Jane is assertive. ask pairs of students to take turns asking each other about the situations.J or conciliatory language (1 see your point. Bs they are non-assertive. Afterwards. A. Topic: assertiveness Reading a magazine Ustening people doing a quiz Speaking answering a question naire adverbs used with present perfect questionnaire 1 Warm up Ask students to look at the definitions in Exercise 1a and mark themselves on the scale. Decide what you are going to cook together for dinner tonight. and then ask students to work in pairs to find the missing words in the sentences in Exercise lib. Afterwards. Determine which group is the most assertive. and . Give each student in each group a letter. The oudioscripl for Track 19 is on page T45 11 Together T 44 Unit 4 . . elicit from students what the difference between an assertive and an aggressive statement is.. or C. and Cs they are aggressive.... ask students to write three or four sentences to summarize their findings.. Additional activity Divide the class into groups of three. 3 Prepare After they have checked their answers. Answers: They discussed questions 1. help them to think of a situation and of their answers to the questions in Exercise 7. Decide where to go together for vacation.Objectives Grammar present perfect. Allow 0 couple of minutes for each role-ploy situation.

Jane Yes.For Exercise 5 on page 44 .you find out so much about yourself. I hate not knowing people's names . so "bo. yes.you sow itlirst. this is a funny one . The food was terrible. Jane How are you doing? Hove you finished yet? Rob Nearly. remember? Wasn't very assertive of us! Rob No. What have you found out then? Jane Well. What hove you got for number one then? Somebody's just taken your parking space . the restaurant near the beach? Jane Yeah. Rob Okay. I still haven·t done the lost two. Okay. Every day. On 10 the third one.such a pain! I stop the car and gel out and tell them to leave the space.. I haven't checked !he key yet. in our Spanish closs. This has happened to me so many limes . but the restaurant was very busy.. we've both seen examples of thot .remember lost summer. I love dOing these things . Jane Really? Amazing. don·t you? Rob Do you? I'm not sure. right? Jane Ah. Rob But irs so true. Unil 4 T 45 Together . rd ask people 10 introduce Ihemselves. so I'd jus! drive off. I don·tthink irs worth ge"ing in a fight. we still don't know each othe(s names. Rob Right. and we all sitlhere and soy nothing. Jane What do you do? Rob Well.. so I can't really soy. parking. Jane Really? rm amazed. Sut we just left it. finished ages ago. you're right. What about number 1Wo? Rob The restaurant. I've been in that situalion so many times. Done all yours? Jane Yeah. Well. me too.. .

you're probably the assertive type. ( I threaten the manager with legal action . . Say nothing.. c. take our questionnaire and find out who you are. a I drive off without saying anyth ing. or just loseil Do you always win. You've lust joined a c s 0 twenty students Rnd you don't know anybody' name. toot Well. What do you dol a I've never heard so much garbage in my life before! b I can see what you're getting at. ? c Yeah. whereas the others normally loset Just maybe you're the aggressive type. b I suggest to the teacher that we all introduce ourselves briefly. a Tell your friend firmly that you value your things and would like them back. b Tell your friend that they're behaving like a thief and you won't lend them anything else. but have you considered . But enough talking. b I insist that the other driver leave the space.Win. I have an argument with them and then drive off in a bad mood. What are a few books and CDs compared to friendship. . anyway? '- a I complain to the waiter. if that's how things normally happen. I suppose you're right. a I avoid using people's names and refer to them as "he" and "she" .n. b I leave it on the plate. . . Do you win and do they win. win. Do you usually find yourse lf losing while the others wint Then perhaps you're the non-aggressive type. c I go around introducing myself to everyone. Together Unil4 .

hea". 3 five ways of describing a friend in a positive way best friend. schedules.) We also use this conditional when the state or action in the if clause-contrary to a present fact: "I had a big house.e.) "I were you. I'll give a lot of money to poor people. Fo. The first conditional predicts a Mure result dependent on a future condition: If you wert hard. then she might marry him. (look allhe clouds. and other modal verbs (usually might or could) in the main clause: +""'" the tine 0 1 speakKlg definite plans: tickets medicine. (otten with time adverbialsj We're leaving tomooow. 4 11 / I / meet / Nicole Kidman I I /ask / autograph If I meet Nicole Kidman . ""--' 2 If I I /win I lottery I I I give 18 lot of money / poor people U I win the lottery. and arrangements Fann 4 Second conditional U . lcimity Family members: workJ:"'9 mother step mother / fathef I brother I sister han brother I sister mother / father I brother / sister~in-Iaw 2 Friends and friendship 3 First conditional Collocations with adjective + noun: best friend cbse friend fai'weather friend good friend geat friend old friend real friend _ Collocations with verb + noun: be friends become friends lorm 8 friendship keep friends make lriends strike up a friendsr'Compound nouns: frierdship boyfriend gI1friend "- Us. 1 fax expressions that mean statt a fri€ndship become friends. I. are you going to do this weekend? If you are IJ'lsure which form is correct. appointments made.. 3 If I they I offer me I <J 2 Predictions about the future Fonn Use Examples gXlg to + verb predictioos for whK:h we have eVdenoe rv::m. U I went abroad next year. close friend . girlfriend 3 Life stages go ~ out with a boy / have a baby ~ girl ~ get engaged ~ get married Unil4 ----------------------~ Together have mon3 children ~ get divorced . real friend 4 ooe way of desCfibing a friend in a negative way fair-weather frie . we would buy tickets for the festl'nlJ. It is possible to use other past forms in the if clause. If J met Nicole Kidman. win I won't + infll1itive If Malia goes to the party. We use might when the result is less certain and could when there i element of ability or possibility. you'll pass the exam. S two words that suggest a romanti: friendship boyfriend .) Fo.:. lflhey offered me a new job.. with think and adverbs such as definitely. I'd probably go to Europe. I'll cancel the babysitter: We can put the clauses in either order: I'll cancel /he babysitter if James Is staying at home tonight. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning of the sentence. She's going to get manied. (I'm not you. then I won 't go. baSed 00 SCfl'lE!thOg we can see.: " Phil got 8 promotion. he wiD bite you. would I wouldn't + infinitive If M8Iia went to the party. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning ' the sentence. first conditional and one in the second conditional. I'd get 8 new job. )( We're gotJg to the movies. '-1 If II go / abroad next year I I /probably go / Europe If I go abroad next year. Frs! conditional - on past evidence (often election. I'll accept it. . make friends. I'd give a lot of money to poor poopl new iOb III accept it lflhey offer me a new job./ Sometimes going to and the present progressive have little or no difference in meaning: What are you doing this weekend? W1lat If someone famous were coming. Make two complete sentences from each set of prompts..nc:jOOn ""'" fuIf"'" If you continue to amoy the dog. 0 em't have a big tnJse.. or feel at the time of speaki"Ig will / won't + verb personal opinions about the future and predictions based It's goilg to rail. Avoid repeating the verb go when you use going to: We're going to go to the movies.-e Simple present "esent booked. form a friendship . use gohg to. one j. etc.RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Future plans. e.. They aI'Nays do \AIhen the economy is bad. Vocabulary Summary 1 Family Types of family: traditional lamiy one-parent / single-parent / step prediction that depends on a futtxe cx. plans or intentions: 8 decision made before Examples I'm going to study We use the second oondiOOnal to talk about a future result or action • 's lX1IikeIy because the concition in the if clause wi probably not be fuIfitt. If he told her he loved her. I' ll probably go to Europe..) I'm going to feel bad tonight. good friend. -We can put the clauses in either order. I'd ask for an autograph. prog. No. great friend . very definite rootine or scheduled events. then I wouldn't go. concerts The concert starts at eight o'clock. John's flight arrives at 16:20.g. O'~ had too much to eat. strike up a friendship 2 ooe wf1'o/ of describing a person you have I<ncrM1 lor a long tine old friend ff + present." Adjectives: ftiencIY lXlfriendly Find these words or phrases from the lists above. intentions.:. U. the Republicans will win. (Phil is unlikely to going to get 8 promotion.) I think the Democrats will probably win the lfl won the lottery. I 'll ask for an autograph. She might marry him if he tokJ het" he loved her. I'd be much happier. I'd accept it." If + past. I'm seeing John tonight. we could move to the country. It is possible to use other present forms in the if clause of a first conditional: If James is staying a/ home tonight.

-eaf.{y and firmLy. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: writing a discursive essay If this type of essay is important to you for academic. It restates the main idea of the essay and often finishes with the personal opinion of the writer.b.ren!. ["Ven 1:Jwugh. inm-ves Bi"Ve and I:ak.cd. compare your answer with the model on page 149. 3 The dangers facing the fam ily's survival can be prevented.. then.tn:J... 3 5ecortd. Of personal reasoos.~--' .ch.J > Ll. Step 2: Organize your ideas into paragraphs. /. .e. Say how you figured out lhe meanings.i!L wIu.... ..eiy OpiniDrlS. why not 'Mile one? Here are some basic steps: Step 1: Look carefully at the title and brainstorm ideas. For example. Together Unit4 . 'n = .i"Ve 4 Using fixed phrases in an essay a We use many fixed phrases In writing formal essays. complete paragraph 4 in the essay on the lell. 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly Iaiay . .. _ .f blunk J.s in 5cn>Ie pa-ds of the wrJrtd.e. ...a/. .ance I.1n . However...cf. 2 The conclusion summarizes the main points dOCuSS6d. . The arguments for or against the main dea.e and this ~ of c. Jiyfl of aiL.stru. is true tfuJ1 there are a td of pessures on.z o C) A discursive essay 1 Thinking about the main topic In a discursive essay. - ~ ~ ~ &:II: 2 Thinking about the main idea a Look al these three titles for the essay below and then read it..pess their 'ViewS clea. Technology has made life today easier.. 1:0 t.enimg IS a great sI<. Being rich does not guarantee happiness... ~ I"~~):.muni. Here are some possible essay titles: LMng in a small family is better than living in a big one. It is true that .--'." -ve'1f ''''f'J>'Ia. m'e a n.. .. 'WIticA famuL}! kes can be 5trengt/Jened. as msped.. It also introduces the main idea of the essay in one sentence that can either come near the beginning or the end of the paragraph. Step 4: Read the drall and focus on improving the organization of ideas.heiy ~S .. discuss this question: D:J you think the tradition8l fam!ty unit is in danger? Why? / Why not? ~<K1 REVIEW Review your action plan: figuring out t he meaning of new w ords In pairs.ey saw tf. 1 50me 1 The pwp(. Although To sum up. 3 The introduction provides the reader with the general direction of the essay. the~ " the ~ of fyudgm and -. It is not true that .. Step 3: Write a draft version./ agree /:hal.p:Jrtan/. d/. . and a senSe of ye~ . ~r fuu a ngN 10 e-:r. I believe that .e cl. in about 250 words. Step 5: Write the final version of the essay... and the conclusion. fO/rl'li. the main body of the essay. fay dh.ai. aYe st. ~._ _ _ _ _ ! _~e:r<:tVt: oiLgalums 'n the family. and the punctuation.cn.. -values sucf..ieved th. "Very few Yf'41Ly an: ...~..in 7If:}f op:nam.. o ---' Ll.'V(JYCeS and the . .>----.:i GMng examples to support your argument Usting your points Expressing contrasts between two ideas Making conclusions 5. d is 'W'I'On.ey. fqr. Which title is the besl one? 3 Organizing a discursive essay This type of essay is usually organized into three parts: the introduction.e:rs OY far th.Y main body can be made up of two or more paragraphs. of the essay are discussed here.d 1m.anl in a happy famuly. b Under1ine the main idea of the essay in the introduction and in the conclusion. .-c1»:t.. f ~ IAalthe famuly " lJ<... to tmk at ~s in.Ys. b When you have fi nished . show each other and talk about the important new words you learned from the reading texts in Unit 4 .:'/'t. Expressing other people's opinions Agreeing with other opinions Disagreeing with other opinions or a situation Some people saylbelieve tha1 . b Compare your answers and justify your chOice. .:.aJue IS "Very i?>!fXJrl.famulies 10 _k Iogdher 10 strengthen /:.h. cI. AliAo«gh wd. Farst of aJl. the language.. the famuLy Wiay and . .~ . . . ~--.CYeaSe in stngtepa.isYesped.ia!._~:~_ .9 to sIww d. Jtaweny. ' . • Jina1Ly. many pe<Jf/.e c!turm tha/. main body. Before you read an example of a discursive essay.cen CQm.. 2 Respect is the key to the preservation of the family. a RII in the blanks in each of the definitions below vvith introduction... &n.h. and conclusion. 5 Applying what you have learned a In pairs.YOU.hem is a th. o.e. b Check your answers with the teacher.on. Socond. professional. the writer argues for or against a main point of view.S and ciuuben should Want 1:0 Wt:en 1:0 each ci/wy.J o 0. paYe:n).Idh. Note: you will have to discuss your essays/discursive essays at the end of Unit 5. Study the list below and then add at least one example from the essay to each category..I ieliew thd d is im.ety 10 disappw. in fi/l:y years (JY SO tile 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly wJl k <kep T/. compte1eLy.e nu-mUr of di. Answer 2 is the best title.gns of this cYiSiS bxw. ~yS of the famuly sMu1d re5p«l wd.t:me to imprcrve ~s wIlkn the famuly .*.:y.wmkr of things thd can 6e d.Ctzl:i. Rrst.. ~ >- 1 The fut ure of the traditional family is under threat.It " the. Function Expressing the writer's opinion Examples In my view. tfus is 6ed adl.m 1:0 k groi Wt:e-n.

Read Ihe a rticle again and correct them..ing verb Irs a kind of machine 10 piece of equipment that . Some.. e. Others are soft or malleable 5 Planes have carried radar machines since radar was invented. not a perfect Home Office Both au. heat 4 plast ics arc hard and durable. ad-. mouse pad..cn. everyday What do you call that stuff/thins 1I"t' use for + .orrer. Wh ich items can be found at home. usi ng at least two of those words: invontion material accident importa nt most durable fortunate li fe-changing history c These statemen ts all contain factual errors. new/modern/plastic 2 Inven tors spent a long li me trving to fin d the fi rst plast ic. 's a small gadget/device/machine thaI . Use the pictures and the li sl in Exercise lb to help you. UnitS Eureka ! .. . Say these compound nouns to yourself.i118 verb? inventions and guess what they arc. in tho office. Write a title for the article. discuss these questions...ir. read tho descriptions of usefu l.tion fluid 4 (1 flat surface that you put under a computer mouse so that it can move smoothly mouse pad 5 a contai ner that stores and chills drinking water water cooler b Put tho words from the box below in the table. found by accident 3 Parkes found that collodion turned into a solid if it was ex posed to i!. What are these objects made of? What do you think is the mosl common material we use today? b Read the article quickly and check your answers. . Is the stress on the firs t or second word·~ washing machine paper clip dishwasher ~ b Li ston and check your answers.f' Yl:ng .2 Pronunciation : stress on compound nouns a Compound nouns are made of two words. 1 Society today uses a lot of traditional materials in the home and office. 1 What informat ion about plastic was !lew to you? 2 What plastics do you use in your everyday life? 3 Do you profer plastic or natural materials? Why? c Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56.-ne dishwasher armchair food processor ironing board a lann clock dishtowlli cutting board ""'" """'" photocopier fax machine 7tII1Ck-ne filing cabinet mouse pad paper clip hole puncher correction fluid sticky notes ans. or both? washing mach ine paper clip dishwasher water cooler annchair answering machine food processor ironing board alarm clock hole puncher dishtoweI fi ling cabinet correct ion fluid slicky notes photocopier mouse pad cutting board fax machine ft"s the thing 11"0 use at home I in the offi ce fo r . USEFUL LANGUAGE USEFUL LANGUAGE 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects a In pairs. • •• • • • water cooler armcha ir answering machine c Write fl defin it ion of an object from Exercise lb (or choose your own) . 3 Reading skill s a Look at the pictures with the article on the opposite page. 1 a small pieco of bent wire that we usc for holding pieces of paper together paper clip 2 small pieces of paper with glue on the back that are used for sticking notes on other papers and surfaces slicky notes 3 a white liquid used for covering mistakes in somothing you are writing r. read ou t the deflll itions for other students to guess the objects..g. plastic 6 Plastic is the perfect recyclable material.. In grou ps. d In groups.. J.g 7>Ii1du.

ond why they think these ore useful inventions. students to repeat after you. They should correct the mistakes and then look back at the relevant part of the text to find the answers and check their changes. for example. Ask a lew. 3 Reading ski lls Have a brief class discussion. students take turns reading their definitions aloud and guessing the objects.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventions Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading third conditional everyday objects stress on compound nouns a magazine article Speaking hypothesizing Put students in pairs. a fax machine may be found in both homes and offices. Tell students to skim the article in order to do Exercise 3b. Ask students to find them in the text. Note: Students may disagree with somo of the answers listed. etc. hard.nd five interesting inventions . Let students chock thoir answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. long-lasting soft silky '" soft and smooth like silk light heavy The oudloscrlpl for Track 20 is on poge T49 ~ Eureka! T 48 Unit 5 . Then divide the class into groups of four to six. Which one does the class think is Ihe most useful invention? 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects Have studcnts work in pairs to match the descriptions in Exercise 1a to tho objects. with the exception of a 'form clock ond co 'rrection fluid. In their groups. Have students copy the table in Exercise lh into their notebooks and then work in pairs to complete it. Remind them to use the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. poper clip. The strong stress In each case is on the first syllable of the first word. tough". Check. Suggested tiUes: The most important invention in history A fortunate and li fe-changing accident The most d urable malerial in history Have students work in pairs to correct the statements in Exercise 3c. read the words in each column aloud and ask. splitting the original pairs. strong rubbery hord durable". Make sure both students write. between Ihem. meaning by asking students to use the adiectives to describe obiects in the classroom. Answers will vary. As you elicit answers from the closs.pairs 10 teillhe doss who! they chose. eliciting student answers to the questions in Exerc ise 3a. •• A good way to manage Exercise 2c is to put students in pairs to write definitions. Play the audio for Exercise 2b. •• Pronunciation check 2 Pronunciation: stress on compound nouns Have students say where the main stress is in the compound nouns in Exercise 2a. teads directly into the pronunciation focus of the next exercise. Ask students what plastiC objects they can see in the classroom. Many of the words in the text are descriptive adjectives. This check. the stress is always on the firs! word of compound nouns. Briefly review the answers with the class. r. lind remind them to use the phrases in the Useful La nguage boxes. Give them a time limit of four minutes. Tell them thol they have one minute to 1001:: in their purses and pockets and. Divide the class into groups of four to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 3d.an eraser. In English. Answers: All the objects in the pictures are made of plastic. rubber bond. Ask students to listen and check their answers.

wrile three or four errors you heard on the board . it is a good idea to go around the closs monitoring and noting down errors. Then put them in groups of four to discuss the questions.19\'8 !eft his collodion near heat. washing machine paper clip dishwasher water cooler armchair onswering machine Unil5 T 49 Eureka! . clause. w~---------------. Same languages use a compound subjunctive structure In the ifclouse. Parkes wouldn't hove discovered plastic if he weIMlR'! /. The main problem with the third conditioool in English is remembering to get all the parts right. Quick grammar guide In many languages there are structures similar to the third conditional in both farm and meaning. where students are trying to use a complex structure in a fluency actiYity. Go around tho class and help. Common problems and errors Using would in both clauses instead of just in the if. write a few random phrases on the board a t the start 01 the activity which they might use to help them form sentences. go over the example carefully. AI the end of the activity. m onitoring students and taking notes on any common mistakes you hear. Review the rules and the form. Let students check their answe rs in pairs before as king individuals to come to the board to write their sentences. Walk around the room. Don't interrupt students talking in groups iuSI note down errors with the third condilional that they make. For example: work hard to do have more!less free lime wash/walch/listen to/use hod to been able to more/less healthy more/less Ihings In on aclly/ty like this one. or cooditional. For Excrciso 2 on page 48 11.without saying who mode them. 5 Speaking skills -Conection guide Give students a few minutes to look at the questions and think of answers. Ask the class to correct them. In Exercise 4d. and then ask students to rew rite the sentences. 5tudents often try 10 reflect the subjunctive by using would + have + past participle in the conditional clause as well as the main clause. which has no equivalent in English.tt LA 4 Grammar: third conditional Have students work in pairs to answer the chock questions in Exercise 4a and complete the rule in Exercise 4b. If your students find it difficutl to be imaginative.

Imagine carrying a pack of fo ur twoliter glass bottles hom e from the supermarket. malleablc.'t disintegrate break up. or disappear . rubber y material. the Internet modern medicine .'}j. but like many inventions. ' ' 2 If Isaac Newton hadn 't sat under the ap ple tree 4 Grammar: third conditional a Look at thi s scntcn(. If Parkes hadn 't disco vered that first plastic technological development would have bee.L. 2 Was techno logical development s low? No 3 Arc the events in the sentences in the past or 4 present? Past Can we change the facts? No 5 If Bill Gales had nol started Microsoft Microsoft If slarted Bi!l Gates hill1 llQ1. ~ he htut. went to his medicine cabinet o ne day to get some collodion. gradually rot. before then radar machines were roo heavy. we really wo uld have found the " wonder sruff"! GLOSSARY d Rowrite thu sentences by putting the underli ned words and phrases in the correct order.di!lli llillild a lot of people would have died. Just think. Chuck your a. it came aboul through a very fortunate accident. computers. are made of materials we didn't know 150 years ago? What. However. have been d ifferent for your great grand parents (Circa 1920s) with these invcntions? washing machines TV video I DVD . wouldn't ~ havc llil d iscovered he wouldn't have discovered 8ravity. he wouldn't have become the nches! man in the world.{. soft. if we could develop a plastic that was 100% recyclable. in comparison with glass. to stop bleedi ng call (. of plastic may be recycled. + 1!:!mM + have + pust parliclple (. Just look around you . Because some plastics are resistant to extremes of heat and cold. b Find a similar sentence in the article and <:amplete this rulo for the third conditional. clothes that you're wearing.'t CYeaf:ed the Y"e6 he ha'"re ~ a ~ at 'JrLJr. kill thousands of fish and other marine animals every year. in a papcr bag! But it can take up to 100 years for plastic to d isintegrate.p~st . which he realized was a reaction to heat. for example. 1 3 If Ein. Plastic bags thrown into the sea. very durable and.If Tim Dem ers Lee lli!. technological d evelopment would have been a lot slower.lQLQf ~ . Parkesinc. 1 If + .o from the article and answer the questions. Replacement bod y parts are even made from plastic today! We obviously need this material.Ientisis wouldn't havll created a tomic weapons. . easily moldable substances. The first plastic. c 'IHJI&:i'}j. silky fabri cs. ~ . an Englishman.stcin hadn't d iscovered relativity./liLr/Jl!. Plastics are extremely useful because they arc cheap to produce.llswur with the Grammar Summary on pagu 56 . Plastic is used in just about -. a lot slower.everything these days. strong. Alexander Parkes.ff 7i:m. from grocery bags and children's toys 10 furniture.. ~ and cars. they have facilitated the development of things as diverse as kitchen equipment and the space shuttle. Since those early days m any different plastics have come into existence: hard. and in the no t~too-dista nt furure about 40".. wouldn 't a t?ml ~ weapons have SCientists created S(. durable plastics. which was conunonly used in film ~ making.Recent history has seen countless new inventions that have changed the lives of most people on this planet. liquid used ill medicine.how many of the things in your home or Jffice. is the most common material in your environment? "Jur lives would have been vcry different if plastic had not come along 150 ycars ago. and discarded plastic can be d angerous. At about the same rime. tools you're using. In fact. 5 Speaking skills In grou ps.honge shope easi ly (. light and safe. and it was o nly with the d evelopment of light plastics that radar could be fined to planes. the H yatt brothers in the United States im'ented a similar substance that they called cellulo id. and discovered that the liquid had tumed into a tough.ollodion malleable 1 ~ the Web .. 4 Did Parkes d iscover the first plastic? Yes If Al exander Fleming hadn't discovered penicillin. ma rc and more people arc recycling.dn. How wo uld your life have been different if you'd boen born 50 yoars ago? 2 How would life. was launched in l862. discuss those questions.!!..:t h wouldn't havc becomc a profossor at MIT. If Parkes hadn't discovcred that fi rst plastic.

c Read the article once morc and underline the import ant details. James Baker and John Hanan opened the first chocolate mill in the United States. Researchers warn that although chocolate is good for you .has fta'VGnoids. In 1876. chocolate was becoming fashionable with the middle-classes. in about 1500 Be. leave out articles. and child eats a staggering nine kilos of chocolate a year! In fact. One of the biggest chocolate-eating nations is Britain where the average man. 1 Is chocolate good or had for you? It's good in small quantities 2 How was chocolate first Ilsed? As a drink 3 Which country has the most "chocoholics"? Britain 'PaYag Yaph J 'Paragyaph 1 b Read the article again and match each paragraph with a short summary. Then complete these notes wit h those details. • healthy heaM + gd circularn OY'fJ"ns of choc. chocolate is the number one comfort food and there are more "chocoholics" in Britain than anywhere else in the world. The word chocolate comes from the Nahuatl word xocolatl. solid chocolate was becoming familiar. chocolate has grown enormously in popularity. The researchers have discovered that cocoa acts like aspirin and that eating a bar of chocolate once in a while may contribute to a healthy diet. Can you add an ything to improve you r partner's notes'! c In groups. etc. 1 Do you eat chocolate? If not. The Spanish were the first to add sugar to their cocoa drink. look at yo ur notes. In the 17th century. discuss these questions. according to American researchers at the University of California. discuss the questions. in Switzerland . GLOSSARY circulation the movement of blood around the body staggering amazing. (Remember to use abbreviati ons. otmecs grow cocoa ma!fas drink cocoa 1511 choc went -7 Spain + Pori sotui choc famd. Cocoa soon became fashionable in Spain and Portugal. In 1765. S Since then . and the Mayas were drinking unsweetened cocoa hundreds of years before it became fashionable in Europe. 2 But who first discovered this wonderful way of keeping healthy? The Olmec Indians of Mexico and Central America were the first to@Jow cocoa beans. Chocolate has also been shown to release endorphins in the body: these chemicals help to reduce pain and stress and make you feel happy. a delegation of Mayan nobles visited Philip of Spain and gave him jars of cocoa as a gift.ptg counh-:/' Bril'n '>--1-- Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 forms of chocolate chocolate spreading to Europe how chocolate may be good for you the most "chocoholic" country in the world d In pairs. woman. how much chocolate do you eat? Are you a chocoholic? 3 When do people eat ch ocolate? Why do they like it so much? the origins of chocolate SCIENTISTS SWEET OVERY! 1 Good news for chocoholics: the treat preferred by millions all over the world is good for you. a r . Paragraph 1 the popularity of other Paragraph 2 choc good foy !fou . In 1753. a Swedish scientist renamed cocoa theobroma or "food for the gods" .and with no added milk. not only as a drink but also as a medicine. 3 In 1544.) 1 Reading skills a In groups. 6'g choc eaf. wh y not? 2 If you do. incredible chocoholic someone who is addicted to chocolate Unit5 Eureka! . mill in US U K. Chocolate contains substances called flavonoids that can help maintain a healthy heart and good circulation. introducing chocolate to the average citizen. which means "bitter water" . 4 By the middle of the century. Daniel Peter had the idea of adding milk in the chocolate-making process and produced the first milk chocolate. 1765 Baker ~ Hanan lsi choc. Then read 'Paragraph I the article and check your answers. it should be eaten in small quantities .

Matt ThaI's so right .but of course people used to have a much more active lifestyle and could burn off all those calories..irs scary.good heartening meols with lots of calories .-... potatoes.comfort food .. what will comfort food of the future be? Candy bors and bags of chips? You know. Presentation alternative 21i'-.. Well. Host . gravy. reduce pain and stress.. Why doesn't the government do something to stop kids eoting so much fost food and soft drinks packed with sugar? Why are soft drinks and snack machines allowed in schools? Why doesn't the government pressure the food industry into cutting down on the dongerousry high levels of fat. tasty dishes. When you see families eating so much garbage today. but not very healthy? Matt They used to be thought of as healthy . and check with a parlner.s. and salt in foods? trs not surprising that you see 011 these fat kids . We have to teoch them to cut down on fat-filled processed foods..really hot. Comfort foods do taste good too bad they usually have a high fat content Host 50 they're comforting.. comfort foods tend to be ones we associate with Mom and Grandma.-.Objectives Vocabulary describing foad Topic: food Reading a magazine article Ustening interview with a TV chef Speaking discussing foods and diets Write on the board: chocolale cocoa milk sugar bitler drink solid xocolotl chocoholic Ask students whot the words hove in common. that something chocolatey comes in first? Why is that? Matt Well.. Have them write their notes on a separate piece of paper. Congratulations! Matt Thank you. Matt I suppose it depends on each person. Underline (or write in a list on the boordl: good for you. asking students which words they would underline. and 5. Host Irs a bit of a cliche. I've always thought of comfort food as salty.. Point out the abbreviation. you look at kids today. ask them to exchange their notes with a partner and make additions. with meat and really fatty. Thanks very much for . After students have done Exercise le.and adults . Anyway . um . Then ask students how they would complete the note for paragraph 1... like burgers and those with high sugar and salt content.. acts like aspirin. When we get older. or want to f~ kind of taken care 01.-.-. comfort foods are what we ate at Grandma's house. release endorphins. we all have our own favorite comfort foods . Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Have students discuss the pre-reading questions in Exercise In in small groups. 4. good circulation..s. - Eureka! T 50 Unit 5 ... Encourage lots of speculation. our ideas of what's healthy have changed. yeah. starting next week. Ask students to read the article again and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise 1b. here in the U. and we encourage people to eotless fat today. I'm honored. things with lots of butter. complete the note for :2. For mony students.the food we eat when we're upset or depressed. chunky. You see. feel happy.. you know. you know . One of the top comfort foods in the u.and that we get more heart diseose and other problems related to dietl II makes me mod. Put students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l e. and fewer carbohydrates. but I bet there's not as much fat in a good stew or meat pie as in some stuff people eat today. Write healthy heart + gd circularn on the boord. we like flavors fram the past. flavanoids. everyone. even if Mom and Grandma never cooked anything that didn't come out of a con i Matt I'll come back to thaI.. something hot and very filling. A good way of handling Ihis activity is 10 go through the first paragraph as a class first. I'm sure that you'll be showing us the way with your new TIl series. . notetaking is a challenging skill to acquire. Matt your baked chocolate cheesecake has just come in at the top of our vie'vVel"S' "best comfort food" poll. For Exercise 3 on page 51 !II Host Well.. after a long day at school or who! Mom served when we were siCk. you know? Host Whoa! I think we get the picture.. healthy heart.. good wholesome food.. Answers will vary. tends to be meat. Then ask students to underline key phrases in paragraph :2.. too Host I see. then elicit answers. Host But I must soy. sugar. Plus.and irs what I wanted to come bock to. isn't it. and so many of them are really ovel"VoJeight . healthy diet. chocolate is a great comfort food ~ sweet sticky.. Irs comforting. Ask students to read the article to check their predictions.-. is meatloof. and another is a thick meat stew .----. Then ask them to do the some for paragraphs 3.. Moll. creamy .

Play the audio fo r Exercise 3c. sick. As groups report their answers. etc. pasta. fish. cookies. Then ask them to tell their partner aboullheir typical diet in Exercise 2e. chicken. We cat "comfort" food when we are depressed. Ask students to complete the blanks in Exercise 3d and the n check with a partner. etc. Ask students in pairs to discuss tho words in Exercise 3b and together predict which ones they will hellr in an intervi ew about "com fort'· food. Ask studonts to listen lind check their predictions. bu ild up a list of ways of improv ing our diet: Suggested ways of improving ou r diet Cu i down 011 fasl food. milk. rice Fats: buller. red meat Sugar: honey. st ressed. The audiascripl for Tra ck 21 is on page TSO II. Suggested answers: Carbohydrates: hread. or food Crom our childhood. Unit 5 T 51 Eureka! . If students aro not sure about the answers. potatoes. milk. find out whether the class generally thinks we should improve the healthiness of our d iet or whether they think it's okay. yogurt. chocolale.•• 1i ffi 2 Vocabulary: describing food Ask students to work in pairs to match foods and nutrients in Exercise 2a . t ·· ~ 3 Listening skill s Ask students about "comfort" food : IV/wi is it? Elicit examples of types of "comfort" food: chips. Thon put student s in small groups to toll ono another their opinions. play the audio aga in. Don'l add a /01 of sugar or salt 10 food. very tasty food. Suggested answers: "Comfort" food is food that makos us foel good . Afterwards. Find out which foods they th ink am the most healthy and which are the least healthy. End this part or the lesson by having two pairs of studen ts combine to form a group of four and discuss the queslions in Exercise 2d . eggs. oil Fiber: green vegetables. cake. On the board. or it cou ld just be our favori te food. using words in the Useful Language and the Language Note boxes. yogurt In Exerdse 2b. elici t ans wers from students. 0011'1 snuck belw(J(Jn meals. bored.it cou ld be food like chocolate and candy. ask students to work in pairs 10 describe foods. cal more frui l and vegetables. Eot a I'aried diel . 4 Speaking skill s Ask st udents to read the opinions in Exercise 4a and decide which ones th ey agree with <1l1t1 why. green vegetables. legumes Protein : butter. upset. legumes. jam Vitamins and minerals: fruit.

fatty / oily I .~ olty / sllgmy / creamy / healthy / unhealthy / .grandma . 3 People often eat garbage todny. rich in vitamins / protein / iro n .g.. 1 What balance of foods makes healthy diet? 2 Is obesity a problem in your count ry? Why / Why not? Is it worse thiHl twenty years flgo? 3 Is obesity in children a problem? b Can you think of olher ways of improving people's dieU . cnrbohydra te V fat content V fruit and vegetables fiber grandma V healthy V low in calories mefltloaf v overweight V potatoes V sour sweet V Listen to the interview and check your answers. it is alwa ys positive: Liver is rich in iron. cabbage. c Do yotl have a hea lthy diet? Make a note of what YOIl eat on a typical day and discuss it ill p<lirs.. d In groups . We usually eflt comfort foods when we fcol 3 upset/depressed . USEFUL lANGUAGE 4 Speaking skills .1 The chef ill the interview has the following opinions. there is a lot more fat and 6 sugar / sail in much uf the processed food we eat toda y.ifltc with ollr mom and 4 . lentils) red mea t rice yogu rt b Look at the foods in the picture and describe two of them.I LANGUAGE NOTE We say a foo d is high / /011' in or full of something.It this list of nutrients ill food. which results in a population that is 7 oVt:rweight and suffers from problems such as 8 heart disease . .g. 2 Vocabulary: describing food a Chocolate tastes so good because of its combination of sugar and fat. Check the ones you think you will hear in the interview. using the Useful Language below. l lowever. Look <. Listen again and complete this summary of the interview.~ tarchy X i:> f IlII of f at / sail / S Ug (lf / fi ber .ltoes legumes (e. These can be positive or negative: Eat your vegetable. \Vhat we think of as comfort food depends on each 1 person/individual. and the y are often dishes we assor. beans. 4 The government should do someth ing to stup children from eating junk food. discuss these questions. They're full of vitalllins.! . They usually have a high 5 fat content and may be thought of today flS unhealthy. 2 We do not have an active lifestyle today. but it tends to be 2 hot and fi lling. Which types 01' food in the box be low do you assodflte with them? Food nutrients: cflrhohydffltes fats fiber protein Sllgflf vitamins and minefflls bread butter chicken eggs fish fruit green vegetables (e. 1011' in :>(/It I sllgor . 5 The food industry shou ld cut down 011 fat flnd Sfllt in food. What kind of food do you think this is? When do you think we eat it? b Look at the words and phrases in the bux.3 Listen ing skills a You are guing tu listen to an interview with a TV chefflbout "comfort food". high in millcm/s / c(lrbuh yd m tes . Do you agree with him? Why? I WilY not'l 1 We associate comfort foods w ith all!' childhood. ' Most chips are high in fat alld salt. If we say a food is rich ill somothing. \'Vrite olle wurd or phrase ill each bhulk. . spinach) honey jam milk oats oil pasta pot<.

Can you answer any ofthe othersY If not. decide if these common beliefs about him <lrc true or false. He was a I I nch man at the time of his death. ch~lns. Take.y for a new route to the Sr'''e was that Columbus was I~ In~nd he believed he could rt..I) those questions. which is now part of I art Columbus left on the voyage of discovery from the south of Spain. he also took women 10 the New World. the King and Queen soon I i saYln. Unit 5 E ureka! . Spain . and the Italians claim he was from Italy. On his third voyage in 1498.. 6 No women traveled to the New World with Columbus. st The discovery of the New them by sailing west rather th~n ea . b Which of these questions does the article answer? Check (.its circumference. in a Spanish prison.. QUI~IIY at the age of 55 in Valladolid. - h~~.Serendipity - 1 Speaking skills How much do you know about Christopher Columbus? In groups. In 1". What was in question.. The Spanish say he was from Spain. the disagreement about his Some people say he was a converted Jew.g there had been a mistake. 2 Columbus began his journey in order to win glory and riches... We do know that he sailed in part to fulfill a religious quest: he saw his journey~ a fulfillment of a divine plan for his life. and he was unable to send a of 9. in fact. however. Columbus was not a well man and he diF' .-. V' 1 Where was Columbus born and misedY 2 When did he leave his native country'! ict V 3 What were the reasons for the "voyage 4 5 V6 7 8 of discovery" in 1492? Who sponsored ColumbllS on his voyage of 1492Y Where exactly did he land at the end of the voyage? What were the reasons for the second and third voyages? What was the percentage of women traveling to the New World in 1498? What was the reason for his death in 1506Y c In pairs. in chains.'as with any historical icon. taking Europeans across to colonize the new lands.'2 . 3 Tht! crew of the three sh ips on the voyage of discovery was made up mainly of criminals.. "'-" i third voyage w.. Columbus: I known reason for this Voy~ge Of course . try to find out the answers. 5 He when he unexpect d had sailed for 3. However. GLOSSARY serendillity when something valuable is disco\'ered by luck quest a search for something Everyone knows the name of Christopher Columbus. 2 Rea d ing skills a Read the paragraphs about Columbus quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1. he ha -~ edly discover 0 .~ea~~:~n ~~e East Indies.. fore a claSSIC case d n World was there . other commo~. on May 20 1 In hiS ~wn apartment attended by family and friends. 5 Columbus died in poverty..as not a happy one for Columbus. Then decide on the correct order of the paragraphs. some evidence that he was born in 145 Genoa. He made two further voyages before the er of the century.01d baCk. for example. and. there are as many myths as truths about the man. Columb'os didn't sail to the Americas in order to find out whether the Earth was round: at the end of the 15th century almost everyc knew it was a sphere. 1 Columbus set out to prove that the earth was round. of ~serendipity". l ID 2m 3 !!!l 4m 5 1!:) became a sailor at an early age and had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made famous voyage in 1492. traveling . "I settlers rebelled against him. Contrary to popular belief. thiS time. was the size of the earth .l Islands (now part of IndoneSia). 4 There is no doubt that Columbus was of Italian descent.00 ml e . with a crew made up mainly of experienced sailor" from the area.. ed the Americas. ask and answer the questions you checked in Exercise 2b. and Columbus was By. 1500. . There is. so he was arrested and re turned to Spain ' .

Answers: They are all false . t . he landed in what is now the Bahamas before soiling on to whal ore now Cuba and Haiti . Briefly discuss students' answers with the class. reveal any truths at this stage. Student answers will vary. Then pili students ill pairs 10 ask and answer the questions.Columbus . When sludents report back to the class. A reach joumey find set sail go back B discover leave voyage return arrive lin/atl Culture note Additional activity Inote: a voyage is a journey by seal Eureka! T 52 Unit 5 . This task can be very time-consuming unless students know how to approach it Plan to spend a little time preparing students for the task. and then ask students to match each word in A with its synonym in B. there is between the words they have matched. Columbus was sponsored by Ferdinand V and Isabella of Spain. At the end of the first voyage. 2 Readi ng skills Set II time limit of five minutes and tell students thaI they have to read very quickly in order to put the paragraphs in order. To find the size of the Earth and to fu lfill a religious quest. Ask students what grammatical clues might help order paragraphs in a story: use of the post perfect: use of before and affer: use of shortened forms and pronouns . Ask students Whol is the {uckiesllhing fhol has ever happened to yoU? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Pu t students into groups of four 10 discuss the "common beliefs" in Exercise 1. To take Europeans to colonize the new lands. LeI students check in pairs before sharing their answers with the class. Presentation alternative - Ask students what clues they might find in a biography that will help them put paragraphs in order: order of dotes: order of life events . A good way to start the task is to ask studenls 10 read the first line of each paragraph very quickly ond tell you which paragroph has to be the first.he.was born. As students work on Exercise 2a . Ask students to put a checkmark next to the questions in Exercise zb that the article answers. but don'.Objectives Grammar Topic: the story of Christopher Columbus Reading a biographical article Writing a short story Speaking discussing myths about Columbus past perfect simple and prog ressive Write serendipi/y on the board and explain thol it means when something valuable is discovered by luck. if any. Afterwards. find Oul whether they know any other facts aboul Columbus. disc uss with the whole class whether the ··beliefs·· in exercise 1 are true ur false. There ore many words in the text connected with travel.Christopher Columbus . Write the words from the text below in two lists on the boord. Answers: In the text: He was born in Genoa. grew up. died. Ask students to lell you what difference. etc.. remind them to refer to the Glossary.

Then ask students to read the story and fill in the blanks with words from exercise 4a.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive In Exercise 3a . Students will make a variety of errors and will need plenty of practice. then pass the piece of paper. had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made his famous voyage in 1492 A . students to pass their piece of paper to the next student in a clockwise direction. Afterwards. Students should pass on their pieces of paper so thaI each story goes around their group twiceresutting in four eight-line slories per group. extinguish Ask students what they think the short story in Exercise 4b might be about. 4d Columbus was anxious to travel because he had been reading about Marco Polo.. They ore often used in narrafives and often used with connectors like ofter or before.. Common problems and errors The form of the post perled progressive is long and complex. 3c Columbus was delighted when Isabel agreed to help because he had been looking for support for his journey.000 miles. using a connector. Quick grammar guide The pas! perlecl simple and progressive ore used to refer back to something that happened earlier. and then ask them to use the questions in Exer cise 4c to help them make notes. Ask s1uden ts in pairs to choose the correct answer in Exercise 3b. Answers: 2e Cohunbus was impatient to set off because he'd been thinking about this voyage for years. ask students to write the sentences on the board and underline the past perfect forms. The next student has to vvrite the next sentence. Presentation alternative Introduce the shon story in exercise 4b and pre-teach vocabulary by writing the following phrases on the board and checking their meaning: off-duty (firefighter) = not working grab (0 fire extinguisher) = toke hold of suddenly a burning smell smoke put out a fire". Ask one person from each group to read their best story aloud. and then ask students to make sentences. Go around the class and help. there had been a mistake The clause with the simple past happens first in time. Additional activity Put students into groups of four. Go through the example carefully in Exercise 3d . have students work in pairs to find past perfect sentences in the article. They have to use a connecting word in the sentence. Point out another use of the past perfect in the Language Note. Answers: 8 Columbus .. You could let students compare their notes with those of a partner before they write their stories. Go around the class helping students with ideas and vocabulary. Then ask. Let students check their answers in pairs before you ask individuals to come to the board and write their sentences. sb Columbus felt depressed because tbe Portuguese king bad refused to help him. Uni15 T 53 Eureka! . C . Ask each student to write the first line of a story at the top of a piece of paper. Give students a few minutes to think of a "serendipity" story of their own. he had been sailing for three weeks and had sailed for 3.... Ask student readers to ask their partners at least two questions about their story. Ask students to write the story and then exclHlIlge it with a partner. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their note books and then work in pairs to complete it. He thought he had arrived in the East Indies.

Usc the questions below to make notes about the story. and ran into a compute r store. Find aile sentence in the article that means the same.2 Read yo ur story and correct/edit it if necessary.dJ. eventually after that. First. LANGUAGE NOTE The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: b Read the short story and fill in the blanks with words or phrases from Exercise 4a. 6 While ! wus talking. 1 at the same time as the events in the simple past. change one evening to one morning. PAST 1492 + But-type links NOW Cause and resuillinks Feelings and attitude Columbus had sailed for 3. loo but. The manager let me use the phone to call a garage.g. E ureka! Unit 5 . 7 fo rtunalely . the clause with the simple past or the one with the past perfect? b Look at the diagram and choose the correct answer. II was raining 2 ~ the streets were deserted. 1a cdw"rnj. The past perfect tells us that something happened . and . d Make sentences by joining the questions and answers below with because. and then write your own story.000 miles ----. 1 Write the story. I had been driving for about 20 minntes 3 when I no ticed a strange burning smell. 1 Why was Columbus hap py when he reached I'll never forget the day I met the love of my life.es. smoke started pouring out of the hood. . laler.en k yeacfwd !and kcause he tlwughl he Iuui drtoYerrd the [ad. and. neith er . unless. in addition. using connecting words and land? 2 Why was Columbus impatient to set off? 3 Why was Columbus delighted when Isabel agreed to help? 4 Why was Columbus anxious to travel? • • • • 5 Why did Columbus feel depressed? a He thought he had discovered the East Indies. luckily. ju mped out of the car.000 miles when he discovered the Americas.. 3 after the event in the simple past. as soon as. because unfortunately. grabbed a fi re extinguisher. when/where d id the event take place? what were you doing at the time? what had you been doing before the event? what was the unexpected thing that happened? • what was the result of Ihis unexpected event? d Use your notes to write the story (approximately 120 words) of "a case of serendipity" .. also although as soon as because eventually fortunately in addition in the end luckily suddenly later too when while Find other sentences in the article using the pasl perfect. Which part of the sentence happens first (in lime) . e He had been looking for support for his journey. 3 Give it to anot her student to read. phrases where you can . d He had been reading about Marco Polo.In. was on my way home from work one evening 1 six years ago . We form the past perfect progressive with had + past part iciple + -ing verb. Columbus made journeys as far as Iceland and Guillea. she had been passing the store at thai time! 'TWo years 8 laler . When he unex pectedly discovered the Americas. although so. Read you r partner's story and ask questions to fin d out more information . b The Portuguese King had refused to help him. The woman explained Illat she was an off-du ty fire~figh ter. or It was raining to The sun \Vas shining. Theil he made his famous voyage in 1492. nor. fortunately. 5 ~ I pulled off the road.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive a Look at these two sentences. 4 Suddenly . put these connecting words and phrases in the table. when. a woman ran in. e He'd been thinking about this voyage for years..us "W!lS fuzpP1J 1+"h. or. also. . Wh y did the King Gnd Queen apologize to Columbus? Because there hod been a mistake.... in the end. he had been traveling for three weeks.. ® before the time referred to in the simple past. Look at the underlined phrases in the story above an d try to use similar phrases in your story. Time links six years ago. we got married! c Think of a case of serendipity in your li fe or in the life of someone you know. suddenly And-type links I __ sailed for 3. 4 Wri ti ng skills a Columbus' discovery of tile Americas is one of the most famous examples of serendipity. and put out the fire. e Look at the sentence and complete the rule for the past perfect p rogressive. e. while either . You are going to read another short story about serendipity.

TiVo TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to interact with Jive TV. Usc the texts below to help you.. It can store up to 3. tlw invention of plastic b Think of poss ible inventions that don't. Give your reasons. you just think of the command that you want to give to the computer. a video camera. the TV wil! continue from the point where you left off. 1 already exist? 2 do you think are going to exist in the future? 3 will never exist? d Which of these gadgets would you like to have'! Why'! I Why not? 3 Prepare Write a description of your gadget (about 60 words). Unit5 E ureka! . Which of the gadgets . When you go back to normal viewing. and l iVo keeps recording ahead so you won't miss a thing. life would be much easier for people. J 4 Wi ll it be useful to a lot of people? 5 will it be attractive and stylish as well as useful? 6 will it he expensive? 7 Will it be easy to use" 8 will it sell in other countries? have changed our lifestyle in important ways. ye! but that you think we need. Thought-control computer How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts and acts upon them? You won't need a mouse or a keyboard. book travel tickets. think of inventions or discoveries that 2 Task In grou ps. ThiS is the ideal gadget if you su ffer from Repetitive Action Syndrome..000 pages of text. ex ist. If we had a gadget for ironing automatically. With TiVo you can pause the action on TV. and the cursor wilt move where you want it to. It allows you to send e·mails. and that will eXIst In th o fut ure. c Read the descriptions below of four gadgets. 1 What will it he used for? 2 Who might use it? 3 Where will it be used? (at home I in the office . and plays your favorite CDs.by-line and then transfer it directly to your PC. and is basically a small portable scanner that can read and memorize a text line. It looks like a high lighter pen.1 Warm up a In groups. or see aU the action as it happens in slow motion. replay ii. invent a gadget that you think is go~ng to be useful to you or other members of your socmty. do online banking. MultiPhone If you're looking for a cetlphone that lets you see the person who you 're talking to.. Discuss these questi ons. and for people who are physically disadvantaged.. this new mu lti·pu rpose phone will keep you happy. and much . and has Internet access. much more! Handy scanner The C·Pen pocket scanner means you will never have to search the streets for a photocopy store again.

One person writes notes. One person draws 0 picture of the gadget.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventing gadgets Reading defining relative clauses. ask students to write a short description of their gadget (60 words). have students in groups make a list of inventions or discoveries. ask students to feod the descriptions and answer the questions. Encourage all possibilities. In Exercise lb . Answers will vary. then elicit a class list and write it on the board . Let them discuss their answers in their groups before describing them to the whole class. Ask them 10 discuss their answers to the questions. Eureka! T 54 Unit 5 . 2 Task Divide students into groups of four to six to invent their gadget. Assign students roles in their group. have students work in groups again to think of possible inventions. In Exercise I e . Presentation alternative 3 Prepare Using the ideas from exercise 2. first and second conditionals specialist magazine ads Ustening a description of a gadget Speaking inventing and presenting new gadgets 1 Warm up In Exerc ise la . making sure everyone speaks. Example: one person acts as a facilitator.

6 Notice Read through the rules about relative clauses and go ovor tho oxamples as a class. basically a small portable scanner that can road. uh . One person from each group has 10 lurn around so that he/she con'l see the board.4 Feedback Ask for a few volunteers to tell the class about their gadgets....colored plastic . 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to think of an everyday objcct and how to describe it. fo r people who are physically disadvantaged After students have completed Exercise 6b. or even on your belt at the gym. Ask the rest of the closs 10 walk. Put students in pairs 10 lind and underline examples in the lexts in Exercise 6a. t . Additional activity Collecllhe wriHen descriptions and posllhem on the walls of the classroom... A Okay. CyberBug is a device that allows you to listen in on people's conversations. let them check their answers in pairs... When the student has guessed the word. one person from each group 10 stand next 10 the description. 8 Excuse me? A Yes. Write a lisl of everyday objects on the boord.. read the descriptions of the gadgets on the wall. 8 Is the eorpiece obvious? A Not at all. Ask. ff you're looking for a cell phone that lets you . Then have a class vote.. Divide the closs fnta Group A and Group B.. . Which group can guess alilhe words first? ~~. Unit 5 T 55 Eureka! . Answers: TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to . '1J Iii' •• 5 Compare Play the aud io for Exercise 5.'----------------------------------. Answers: CyberBug is a device thai allows you to listen in on poop Ie's conversations . around. and ask questions. It consists of a little box that contains a microphone and amplifier. How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts .. Irs very small and irs mode of skin.. ready 10 answer questions.. For example: cellphone camera MPJ player Discmon TV remote control Each group has to describe words to the person who can't see them. and you can hear people who are talking up to 50 meters owoy.. he/she can move on to Ihe next word. and a small earpiece. in your in-troy at work... . our gadget is called CyberBug. Ask students to work with a new partner to describe their ohjects.. Ask students to listen for answers to the questions and then d iscuss them in small groups or as a whole class. You can put the box in your bog or briefcase.

The people have had too much to drink. a Read the descriptions in Exercise 1 again and underline examples of relative clauses. The switch immobilizes your car. [f your reaction times are slow. The poUce can then arrest people who are drunk and shouldn't be in their cars. it sends out a signal that the police can pick up. II is a precaution that police can use to slop drink driving.. Make notes about it and describe it to your partner.4 Feedback a Describe your invention to the class. The people are drunk and shouldn·t be in their cars. It consists of a little box thai con/oins a microphone .. 7 Follow up Choose an everyday object. Answer !J18 questions. you can hoor people who are talking up to 50 meters oway. Police can use it to stop drunk driving. Do they describe things or people? What information do they give us? b Combine the sentences in each pair with a relative pronoun. 5 Compare ~ Listen 10 someone describing a new invention. 5 If your reaction times are slow. 1 The Alcohol Sensor is a small gadget. 7k . To do this we use clauses beginning with th at. we do not use commas: CyberBug is a device that allows YOIl to listen in on people's conversations. 6 It also contains a switch. b Vote on the best invention in the class.s on. 7 The police can then arrest people. II also contains a switch that immobilizes your car. or who. 3 It is a precaution . The sensor identifies people who have had too much to drink. This measures your reaction times. It fits in your car. and ask questions about them if you want. according to the criteria in questions 4-8 of Exercise 2. The police can pick up the signal. If the information is essential to the meaning of the senlence.d 5e"-'" ~ a 9mOfl gadfJd !:Iuzf. 1 What is it and what does it do? 2 Would you like to have one? 3 When would you use it if you had it? 6 Notice 'Using relative clauses in descriptions When we describe ob jects (or people) we often add information that gives important details or differentiates the object (or person) from others.. it sends out a signal. yJUY caY. which. 4 The sensor is attached to a computer. Take notes on the other groups' inventions. 2 The sensor identifies people. . The sensor is attached to a computer that measures your reaction limes. Don't name the object! Can your partner guess what it is? E ureka! Unit S .fuf. fd..

. ) They missed t he pl ane hecause they had arrived too late. 8/ot of peopJe would have died from bacterial infection. cutlins honrd 2 Past pertect simple and progressive Use To show sequence in the past. or stopped just before the past time we are talKing about: sugary. Then underline the relative clause in each one..- 1 If I hadn't studied . I had become quite profICient in Spanish befrxe I visited Latin Amerk:a. answer i n g machine 4 This is a machine that you use for a lOt of jobs when you're cooking. so I didn't want to last night.. when. high in . oiy. 1 This is something that I use 'Nhen I want to cut up vegetables. (Fleming did discover penicillin. fiber. Compktte the third conditional sentences. ) The streets were wet because it had been raining I it had ra ined .e. Fonn If + 5 Why were her eyes red? (cry . rNe arrived.. arx::I minerels Adjectives describing food: sweet.. sour..) He wreck~d the car 1 >t. sugar. We can put the clauses in either order: Penny wouldn't have met Jeff if she hadn't gone to the party. our friends had 18ft...) Isabel left ' oh n because sh e h ad fa llen in love with someone else. .. after. vitamins. she wouldn't have met Jeff. heart problem Will had been experiencing pain for several weeks before his was diagnosed.) 2 Why did Mike have a stomachache? (eat a lot . Vocabulary Summary Home Office water cooler photocopier fax machine Both answering machine filing cabinet washing machine dishwasher arrnchaK food proce=. filing cabinet 2 Describing food Nutrients: carbohydrates. wouJdn '/ have fJflded in the '990s. . our friends left.) We can also imagine consequences of something that did not 1 INhy did Isabel leave John? (fall Il love .. ) Mike hu d a stom ach ach e because h e h ad eaten too much . 4 Why were the streets wet? (rain .. using the clues given or your own ideas..... he wouldn't have failed his 6 Why did he wreck the car? (drink . (Our friends left. i. thel1 our friends left.. creamy. when in reality it did: If Fleming hadn't discovered peniciUin. protein. then compare them with a partner.. happen. 3 Why did they miss the plane? (arrive late . Think of explanations for the following problems. She got her degree after she had completed all the courses successfully.. sally.'ho find it difficult to wake up in the morning! al arm clock 6 This is a type 01 cabinelthat we use lor storing files arx::I papers.. low in . starchy Expressions: full of ' ..) We were really /ate and when we anived at the party.) The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: 5 This is very useful for people v..'Cause he had ~'Cn drinking.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Sum mary 1 Third conditional Use To talk about actions or Situations in the past that are contrary to knoINn facts.... fats. healthy.hole punch er 3 This machine takes telephone messages for people v. see it again past perfect progressive: subject + had + been + -ing verb Susan had been waiting frx an hour before Tom anNed. dishtowel cutting board 1 Everyday objects Read these descriptions of gadgets and decide which object from the box they describe. UnitS Eureka! . unhealthy. If Ross had studied harder. We put a comma after the if clause if it comes at the beginning of the sentence. ironing board oIarrn clock paperclip hole punche< correction fluid sticky notes mou"" pad 2 If ' hadn't met . for an action that happeoed before another. ~'Cau se she h 011 heen crying. 4 If I had been born in .'ho are not at home or in the offIce.. fatly. bitler.. rich in . then we arrived. If Penny hadn't gone to the party. It is oftElfl used with connectors such as before. food p rocessor Note the difference between the simple past arx::I the past perfect: I cutting hoard We were really late and when we 8IriIIed at the party. ) Her eyes were red would / wouldn't + have + past participle past perfect. Why did they award her the Nobel Prize? Because she had fought for peace aU her life. The past perfect progressive is used for ongoing actions or situations 'Nhich continued until. when we imagine consequences of actions that in reality didn't happen: If the Russians had used nuclear weap::l(lS in the Cold War. (The Russians didn't use nuclear weapons in the Cold War.. exams. Find two types of food In the box that are usually .. 3 If I had won . 1 high in salt 4 oity but healthy 2 sour to the taste 5 rich in vitamins 3 very unhealthy 6 starchy We had been living in Chile for several months before we really feJt at home there. it Fonn past perfect si~: subtect + had + past participle I had already seen the movie. 2 It's a device that makes holes in sheets of paper.

- 8 Speak English to native speakers.. rarely = 1 .. Look at these groups of phrases and match them with the situations in Exercise 2a. Note: you will have to report back on your action plan at the end of Unit 6.. 6 Talk to American friends in English. 10 Use a dictionalY to help with pronunciation and stress. 3 Practicing the strategies ~ a Usten and repeat the phrases from Exercise 2c. $coring Add up the fX>ints you received for each question: never = 0. 2 From now on.. ::J questionnaire .. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 mreo sometimes often 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O· 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 c A gcxx:l way to manage these problems is to learn some phrases to use when these situations occur. I need t ime to think exactly how I'm going to say it. sometimes = 2. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: making opportunities to speak English Talk to your partner about how you could speak more English. I am going to speak more English outside of class by . • You also want to know if it's okay to say "to move on a diet" in English.. you mean that you want to leave the jOb? 7 Speak English to other non-native speakers. see how much you can remember about discursive essays arKllheri compare your ideas with page 47. how can I put it? I want to leave my job. And the pressure makes my m ind go blank. 0 0 0 0 ill bottles of wine? 2 Is that clear? Do you understand me? @) What I mean is. discuss what you do in these situations. b In groups. 3 Speak English to your teacher in class. Have imaginary conversations in English. . I want to leave @ myjob. ex Speak up! Are you missing those valuable chances to practice your speaking? Take this little test and find out by checking the boxes on the right. often = 3 b Add up your score and check the key on page 149. 1 From now on. That ma kes me feel very insecure..z z o C) ~ Speaking 1 Maximizing opportunities to speak English a The best way to improve your speaking is to speak! Check hOw well you are doing by complet ing this ij<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan: Discursive essays In pairs. please? 1 Could you speak a little more slowty I I'm sorry. Then I have to st op and that really frustrat es 20 I' m tal king and everything's okay. I am going to speak more English in class by . Practice the strategies.. 1 Speak English in pairs during class. . Then complete this action plan . let me think . but talk quickly. I . talk about your action plan from page 47.. Eureka l Unit5 . Did you write a discursive essay? If so.0 Sometimes I feel pressured when I have to say something . . This is normal when you learn any foreign language. "- 10 I'm speaking and suddenly I need a word or ph rase but I don't know it in English. Check that your partner understands.0 If I notice that the other person doesn't understand me. take turns talking about these situations. 3 Ask your partner to help you: • You don't know the word for people who are addicted to chocolate. S Talk to friends in English. Um . me. 4 Talk for one minute non-stop about what attracts you to other people. 1 Talk about your fam ily. look at the problems these students of English have and check the ones you have experienced. 4 Talk to classmates in English outside of the classroom. what I want to say is I want to leave my job.. 11 Record yourself doing a role play or 12 reading aloud. 2 Speak English in groups during class. I didn't understand the part when you said you wanted to leave the job.. b In pairs. ~ . I want to leave the job. Well. If not. So. for example at an English language club. there 'Nill always be moments INhen you get stuck.U o 0. 2 Strategies for getting around problems when speaking a However much you practice speaking English. How often do you do the following? >- o --l L. Then the other person says somet hing and I'm suddenly lost because I don't understand them. 2 Talk about your studiesljob. show it to your partner. I usually panic . 9 Speak English to native or non-native speakers on the phone.U > L. 3 What do you call that thing for opening Is there a word or expression for when you can't think because your mind is frozen? Can you say "my mind went blank" in English? 4 Uh.. ® say that again..

or . I have h.-~:::-.. 2 Grammar: deduction and possibility in the past Listen to some sentences fro m the discussion. and for possihility . @»They died on the same day..ust. words . This time change IV(Jl/fJ/ (e. Guess the answers if you don't know them .:~v ~een AlLert. 2 So Shnkospellrc€ 91ad a vocabulary of 37. L How certAin arc the speakers in each of the sentences above? Put the number of the sen tence in tho correct place. we use .". A No.. . so theyG n'U ~wrillen the same number..JlliI>-. or Philip.am + past participle Use: for certainly that something is true.ighL. B Well . @ Ecuador c) the United States 5 What are the Canary Islands named after? a) a type of bird @ a type of dog c) the daughter of a queen 6 What was the first name of King George VI of England? a) George b) Philip @JAlbert b In pairs. I already looked. yes..ll. . H Ah! Then yOlL must hilve left it in the bed room when you c1wnged earlier. it isn't there.. J must have done that. A Oh. words.co.ld.. b) 200 (3)2.000 words c) 370.000 4 In which country were Panama hats first made? a) Panama 3 Pronunciation: co ntractions Listen to the sen tences from Exercise 2a again.u.g. A No. You could have left it in the car. keys.written the same number. Do you agree? ~ c Listen to some peop le discussing the q uestions and check your answers.000 words 3 Approximately how many plays did lope de Vega write? a) 20 Tho spoaker is 100% suro thi s is not true The speaker is f 1 3 4 5 6 2 100% sure this is true c Now complete these rules about ded uction and possibility in the past.IdI. 5 But they cou l( have orne from Ecuador.000 plays. Listen to tl~loglle.m. I'll check. then practice it with II partner. thoy .700 words 4 he j 'hl hav Titten 200 plflYs.000 words! 3 ~11~ h.vnyrdn'l h~ written 2. ~ no idea. Form : modal vern + . discuss your answers.:cJjn't JuiVl!. I didn·t take it out with me. . That's 1 What do William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes have in common? a) They were born on the ndlct~ possibl ~ same day. B No. my glasses) and change the places suggested flbove. e} They wrote the same number of plays . for certainty that something is nol true. 2 How big was Shakespeare's vocabulary? a} 3. J cill1 'l have left it there.m. Circ:le the contractions YOll hear in Exercise 2a. That's (j J supposo Or it ~~.1 Speaking ski lls a Take the quiz below. Complete them with modal verbs. you mighl have put it in the dmwer.'Cn my wallet? I can't find it anywhere.. A Have you s(. Unil6 WOfds. c Cover the dialogue and practice it again..h. my cell phone. ® 37.1 or CQuldn'l . 1 Shakespeare wrote lots of plays. the remote control.

like the one in Exer cise 2b . because people didn·t have records of births in those days. Da you two know Lope de Vega? e I've heard of him. ond Romeo and Juliet. Ecuador e WeH. me. elicit answers from the Shakespeare 11564. A You do? C Irs a type of dog. Draw a line all the board. neither. 1"11 just check . I Okay. 2. lers soy thaI. his name could have been George A Or il may have been Albert or Philip. 200? C Well. and then have them circle the contractions they hear on the audio. didn't Cervantes write mostly novels? And Shakespeare wrole lots of plays.OOO! Lers look at question 3. we did ok .000 words. go ahead. B No. Very good l Okay. and novelist who wrote ploys about love and honor. and write 100% not Sllrc to the left of it and 100% sure to the rigbt. Lost question. Play the audio for Exercise 1e. No. In which country were BR Panama hats first made? C Easy. should I look at the answer? Right . B I'm impressedl Okay. ~ 3 Pronunciation: contractions Draw students' attention to the example in Exercise 3<1 . Irs c. b. man. LeI's check. Bul why are they called Panama hots Ihen? B I don't know. B Okay. words. Question 4. but Panama is 100 obvious.20 or b. II comes from the Latin word for dog ~ canis . ighI. But Ihey could hove come from Ecuador. I suppose he might have written 200 plays. but they did hove records of the death of famous people.000 and 60. All Fine. a possibility. comedies. irs too obvious. I know the answer. fltlSWers with Il partner. So what do you think? B I've read thaI Ihe overage adult these days has a vocabulary of between 25. 24~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------. Wow. A Yep. S Okay. e Well. Miguel de Cervantes 11547-16161 was a Spanish author and dramafist.. King Lear. / So. but George was one of his names. Thors ridiculous l A I agree. Ask students to listen and read and underline or circle any part of the dialogue where there is a contraction. Ask students to listen and check their answers. Anyway. They must have been mode in Panama. lope de Vega 1l562~16351 was a Spanish poet. Ask students where they think the other sentences go on the line. thaI's stupid.'righL He wrote histories.1 I Words.. Darren's right.000 plays. question 2. A Was he the crazy one? B No. so should we go for 0.000 words! A Yep.and there were dogs on the islonds when they were first discovered. how did you know thaf? C I learned rt in latin. And the answer is.. Play the audio for Exercise 3b.37. (pauses to readl b! Correct .. Well. notably Hamlet... words T 58 Unit 6 . B Yeah. What do you think? B Well. I don·t think so.irs b. so they can't have wrinen the same number. A So. t agree. The answer is c. and tragedies. And the correct answer is . Albert. we're wrong.Objectives Grammar Topic: William Shakespeare Vocabulary literature Pronunciation contractions deduction and possibility in the past: must/cou/dlmightl can" + have + past participle Ustening Speaking a literary mystery a radio interview taking and discussing a quiz Reading Write on the board : William Shakespeare Miguel de Cervantes Lope de Vega Ask students What do these people have in common? Whol do you know about them? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills When students have tAken the quiz Ilnd discussed dass to find Ollt what students guessed . dramatist. con I lake over here? A Yeah. Bul he couldn·t have wrinen 2. calm down. Ask students in pairs to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. Monitor students for pronunciation mistakes with contractions. George Vl's first name. A Yeah. What are the Canary Islands named after? A Let me lake a look. B WOWI Thars amazing I Hey. Next question.. Thars possible. best known for Don Quixote. Ask students to do Exer ci se 3e in pairs.16161 was England's greatest ployv. but thaI's ali. A Is that so? e So Shakespeare must"ve hod a vocabulary of 37. question 1. A Okay. they couldn·t have been named after the doughter of a queen C Why nof? S How many girls have you met named Canary? e (laughs] R ight . I"m sure that Panama hals were first made in Panama l B Okay. B Yes. too. Shakespeare's vocabulary. C No. Culture note 2 Grammar: de d uction and possibility in the past Play the audio and ask students to complet e the sentences in Exercise 2a with the modal verb they hear. e I think irs more likely b. A Good thinking' So irs either a or b. I The audioscripts for Track 25 and Track 2G ore on page T59 "::. The Canary Islands were named after dogs! B Well . I'll take a look. I have no idea e Me.000. that was George III.

so let me begin by asking you why some people say Shakespeare didn't wrile the works of . Where did that come from? Price GQad question. William Shakespeare? [)on't we know who really wrote the greatest ploys in the English language? Price Well. so if their son was indeed the writer William Shakespeare. I have no ideo. This is very odd. yel William of Stratford's two daughters could not read or write. Indeed. you might have put il in The drower. Shakespeare does not mention any books or any connections at all with his life as a writer. lhors not quite true. There are no direct connections between this actor and businessman and the man who is known as the greatest writer in the English language. Interviewer But do we know he was 0 writer and an aclor? Price Well. The question is. "~ For Exercise 2 on poge 58 " 1 Shakespeare wrote lots 01 plays. he wrote over 37 ploys and more thon 150 poems. so they can't have written the same number. Yes. could this be the some man who created such wonderfully intelligent female characters os Portia. B No. tnterviewer And his family? What about his porents? Price We know that his father worked with animal skins and was possibly a butcher.000 words. A Oh. There appears to be some controversy about Ihe great man today. no. 2 So Shakespeare must have had a vocabulary 01 37. il isn't there. Play Ihe audio agai n . o o ~ Play the audio for Exercise 4b. he couldn't have gotten his incredible learning from being at home till he was 20 years old l Yet. in Stratford. so he con't have hod a very good edu{Qtion. I already looked. Ask stud enls 10 listen and c h eck their answers.4 Listening skills Divide the class into groups of four to discuss the areas in Exercise 4a . that he married Ann Hathaway. he appears a little later as the au thor of highly cultured poems and plays. t didn't take it out with me. Rosalind. I'll check... Interviewer Prolessor Price. 8 Ah! Then you must have left it in the bedroom when you changed earlier. He was a respected man in the community.and thars about it. Hc must have gone 1 collosc or His jather may have beell rich. We also know for a loci that William didn't go to university and he may oot even hove gone to the Iocol school. t must have done that. Thars possible. t can't have left iT there. All we really know is that he was born in Stratford. 1614. As k students to listen . and we know that he was a businessman . I~ For Exercise 3 00 poge 58 " A Have you seen my wallet? t can't find it anywhere. 8 Well. His porents couldn'l read or write and probably hod no books. and that he d ied a rich man on April the 23rd. A No. Briefl y discuss answers w ith the class. yes. Interviewer We know that Shakespeare hod a huge vocabulary. A No. Tell stuclents thaI it doesn't matter iftht:y dOll 't kn ow any answers. Interviewer BuT surely we have evidence that he was the writer? Price Not really. you're an authority on Shakespeare. You could have left it in the em. For example. pu t stu dents in pairs to list r eason s w h y Shakespeare could n ot have w ritten the plays.md answer the questions in Exercise 4c. 6 Or it may have been Albert or Philip. 6 Vocabulary: literature Ask st udents to comp lete the table in EXI~rcise 6a. the greatest play in the English language? And if he did not write the ploys and poems 01 Shakespeare. they sh ould try to u se modals to specu late. words. we do know he was an oClor. although William Shakespeare is coosidered the greatest writer in the English language.000 plays. The writer William Shakespeare had a vocabulary of 37. [n Exercise 4d . th en do Exercise 6d as a whole class. that they had three children. 5 Reading ski lis Put sh!dents in pnirs to discuss th eir answer s to Exercises Sa and sb. Thafs ridiculous ! 4 I suppose he might have written 200 ploys. The loct is.000 wards! 3 But he couldn't have written 2. then who did? Unit 6 T 59 Words. wards . which was twice as large as mast cultured men 01 his time. 5 But they could have come from Ecuador. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 6c in pairs. il is a bit 01 a mystery. Some people believe thal lhe lillie we do know about the man Iram Stratford suggests that he couldn't have written the marvelous plays and poems 01 the outhor "Williom Shakespeare'. Let th em check in pairs b efore the y [oak at th o Vocabulary Sum mary for Exercise lib. and VIOla? Anolher curious point is thai in his will. but he wasn't on educated man. Give stu dents a four-minute time limit to thin k o f ideas_ Th en e l icit a class list and wrile it on the board. 27'------------------------------------------------------------. we actually know very little about his life. Could this be the man wh o wrote Hamiel. Then ask students to writ e a few sentences compari ng de Vere and Shakespeare and telling why de Vere is a likely wri ter.

5~. discuss thuse areas. as some of his plays draw so much on the country. Kind of writing poetry novel p lay hislory book hiogra phy drama movie screenplays newspHJler Wriler poet noveli st phlywright historian biographer d ramalist scnJen wriler journalist 2 3 4 5 o 7 H Where was he from? Strutf ord (Ens land) Who was he married to" A nn HuthUl vuy How many chi ldren did they have? 3 Whal exactly did he do fo r a living'~ oc/orlbusinessnUln What job did his father do'~ worked will! utlinlfl J skins I possibly u butch er Howald was he when ho left home'? 20 How many poems d id he wr i te'~ more thun 150 How many words did he know lind use in Engl i sh '~ 37.000 d In pa irs. ddn'/ If' 10 aUcge. His poems and letters use many unusual expressions that are also found in Shakespeare's works. There have been a number of theories about w ho might have w ritten the greatest w orks of literature in the Engl ish langu age .espcarc". He studied law and traveled to Italy. Thon compare wi th a partner. Ch ristoph er Marlow e. 1 Whnt arc the three most popular forms of reading'? 2 Which kinds of writing docs nohody read'! c Wrile brief notes oflhe reasons why de Vere is considered Ihe most likely writer of the "wO!'ks of William Shak.who is made fun of in Hamlet. One offers Francis Bacon. S Reading ski lls a If Shakespeare d id not write the "works ofWilJiam Shakespeare". Many people believe that whoever "Shakespeare" was.k your answers in tho Vocabulary Summary 011 page 60. Did anything surprise you about the infomwtion? Whan ~ c Listen again and answer these questions abou t Shakespeare. This romantiC character would have made the perfect Hamlet. 1 Which of the kinds of writing in the lab Ie do YOll rend in English'r 2 Which do you read in your OWI1 lal1guagc? 3 Do you hnve a favorite wrilcr? 4 Who is the most fnmous writel' in your country? d Conduct a class survey nnd find out the answers to Ihose questions. why did he hide behind the mask of "William Shakespeare"? Words. But if this is all true. his biography fits perfectly. Another t heory cites the great playwrigh t of t he time. his fami ly his background h is education h is profession ~ b Listen to a radio interview about William Shakespeare and check your answers. the 17th Earl of Oxford. William of Stratford would have been imprisoned or executed! De Vere was a respected wnter who stopped writing just when a genius called ~WiJliam Shakespeare" appeared on t he scene. Edward de Vere. and all his plays have mysteriously disappeared. discuss theso qt!(lslions.4 Listening skills a \V hal kind o f man (10 you think William Shakespeare was? In groups. which everybody agrees "Shakespeare" must have done. words . then who did? Read the text helow and check IV ) the most likely candidnte. e In pnirs. He was the son-inlaw of the most powerful man in the kingdom . a high ly educated man for his ti me. but his writings are very different fro m Shakespeare's. but this seems un likely as he was assassinated ve ry young and couldn't have w ritten so many works. )1£ """'if >Ui hm< if"" 10 !dud. People say only de Vere could have attacked the Prime Minister and gotten away with it. make II list of reasons from the listening for why William Shakespeare cou ld not havo wrillellihe fnmolls plays and poems. pointing to the most popular candidate nowadays. 1 6 Vocab ul ary: literature a Complete lhe lub le with words and phrases about literature. words. he must have been an aristocrat. b Ca n you guess the answer to lhe last qlleslion in the texr~ b Che(.the Prime Minister ..

Words. - • • • • • to relax to be entertained to learn something new to be moved to escllpe from reality to" " . . Colonel. Aurcliano Buendia would remember th~t dlstan~ afternoon when his father took him to discover Ice.Fiction • 1 Speaki ng skills a Look at the wards in the box. 1 Why is Ihe opening sentence of a story very important? 2 Which extract most makes you want to read more? How docs it do this? Unit 6 to kill prisoners by shooting them mummies dead bod ies preserved and wrapped in cloth (in Ancient Egypt) melancholy fee li ng very sad and without hope cnlving when a female cow is having a baby. words .. and human mummies. book. she is calving abscess 8 painful swollen area on your skin or inside your body molar large tooth at tho back of the mouth Juvenile Hall a home for boys who got into trouble b Whi ch wortls helped you connect the sentences with the openi ng extracts? Underline them and compare with a partner. Dr. adventure/act ion stories amusing/funny books detective/police stories historical novels horror stories love stories non-fiction science fiction short stories thrillers 2 Readi ng ski lls a These four extracts foll ow the opening extracts in Exercise 1b. and grew up amidst ancient fumiture. ® Two o 'dcr guys talked me into it.s in Latin . . ® I was bom in the back room of a shadowy house. cd a sausfactory d aY in which d· d or gotten any worse. What kind of books / stories do you like to read"' Why? Choose from the reasons below. facing the firing squad.extracted a molar . lannis had enJoy none of his patients had Ie c [n pairs. GLOSSARY h At that ti me Mac . on a was a village of twenty adobe O" SCS. because I came into the world With a breath of jungle in my memory. h Read lhe opening extracts from four stories. • USEFUL LANGUAGE Num ber one looks like it comes from a thriller.. Read and malch each one with an opening extract. which means "l ife". Guess what kind of story or book each one opens. ® He had attended a surprisingly easy calving. discuss these questions. according to a book of names my mother consu lted. 17\ ~ ' . - CD Years later. words. d ' was ten " firing squad a small group of soldiers whose job is @ My name is Eva. That can't be from a poem! 11 could be fro m a biography.. © @ d h 'd both been in and out They were brothers a~ t ey " of juvenL e Hall five urnes. but none of those thmgs m~de me melancholy. The first time I ran away from school .. lanced one abscess. bUilt on the bank of a river of clear water thai ran a ong a bed of polished stones .

Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise l b. " "I was born . Probably nOD-fiction. and make the reader want to continue. D 1: key words: "that distant afternoon" "At that time" Words. Ask Whars this novel called in your language? Who wrote if? What sorl of story is it? Have you read it? Whars if about? Would you recommend it? Why? Why nof? Suggested novels: One Hundred Years of Solitude..it must be autobiographical. Briefly elicit answers from the class. Unclear . Ask students to match the extracts. " "I came into the world" B 4: key words: "Or lannis" "palients" '.. or even non-fiction. words T 60 Unit 6 . Ask students to continue to work in pairs to discuss Exercise l c.. It could be an autobiography. Answers to the second question will vary. a historical novel. Possible answers: 1 2 3 4 Perhaps from an adventure/action story. " "They wore brothers . by describing what stories you like to read. introduce characters. Possibly a fUrulY book.. Answers may vary. Answers: A 3: key words "My name is . 2 Reading skills Briefly introduce Exercise 2b by eliciting students' answers to exercise l b as a whole class.. Remind Ihem to refer to the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary.'calving" C 2: key words: "l\vo older guys . lord of the Rings Introduce the topic •• 1 Speaking skills Model the activity briefly. set the scene.. Perhaps an amusing book. Like Water for Chocolate.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: genres of fiction Reading Writing the continuation of a story figuring oul meaning from context extracts from novels Speaking discussing booKs and reasons for reading - Write the names of three or four well-known novels on the board and ask students oboullhem.. Answers: The opening sentence is important because it must catch the reader's attention. and find out what types of books are the mosl popular. and then ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise la. words. then discuss Ihe question in exercise 2b wilh a partner. He" .

Then ask students to read all the stories and decide which ane they like best and why. 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Ask students to work in pairs to figure out the meanings. Refer students to Develop Your Learning on page 35. edible freshwater lobster somothing you use to attract and catch fish a type of meat food betweenlwo pieces of bread chocolate candy pieces softened in the sun bottom of a river or creek with no water said ··no·· Hi 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow lhe steps in Exercise 4 to continue the story. then elicit answers fTOm the class. But the narrator doesn't know them well. words . they are brothers. or quickly put students into small groups and have a couple of volunteers sharo theirs aloud. words. Answers: moved a bike by pushing the pedals (what you put your feet on) a narrow stream a type of smaJl. The narrator must have felt nervous. They must have felt happy. When students have finished. Unit6 T 61 Words. Let students check in pairs before going through the answers as a class. Have students talk in pai rs briefly to predict the story. They may have played hookey because they were juvenile delinquents I they were bored and haled school ! it was a nice day.Ask students to look at the phrases fro m the story in Exercise 2c . The older boys may have felt il wasn't worth goi ng to. Encourage them to use past modals to specu late. Move around the class. Read through the strategies with students before they do the task. Have students vote on which is best. ask some volunteers to read their stories aloud to the class. Possible answers: The older boys do. Ask students to read tho actual continuation on page 147 ohhe Student's Book. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2e. Ask students to read the story to check their predictions. monitoring and helping with ideas and vocabulary. Ask In what ways is the actual continuation different from your stoIJ'? Additional activity Collect the paragraphs and publish them by posting them on the classroom walls. Ask students to read the story again and write true or false next to the statements in Exercise 2d .

We stole three bikes out of a back yard and took off for the Afra'IO Seco. Draw on your own experience and imagination . The ooty otrer time I'd fNf$ been to los t>r. False 4 The narrator gave his lunch to the other boys. A carrot vvrapped in wax paper 'Nith a rubber bard arourd it. c Read your paragraph aloud to the class.c You are now going to read the next part of one of the stories. Tore the package open and tiCked the chOCOlate off the paper. adding connecting words (See Writing Skills. b Now write the next paragraph of the story. words Unil6 . Are these statements true or false? 1 The boys went on a vacation ... 3 Make notes on the basic events. and wlil catch the attention of the reader.. 1 pedaled 2 creek 3 crawdads 4 bait 5 meatloaf sandwich 6 a melted bag of M & M's 7 dry bed 8 dedined 4 Writing skills a Now continue the story in pairs. 6 Start forming sentences. such as adjectives. or d ramatic. I atwaYS hated meatloaf... A meatloaf sandwich· A metted bag of M & Ms.. etc. 4 Think of a sentence that will continue s~ooth l y from the last part of the story. False 2 They took their bikes with them.ever sit up en the seat all the Wf. 2 Decide if the next part is going to be funny. especially the last sentence. e In pairs.. ttreijr meat to catch more cravvdads.. go to page 147.. Unit 5. went. Follow Ulese steps: 1 Look at the lasl few lines of the story. They offered me a licI< but I declined. False 3 They had fish for lunch. I pedaled standing.j. I didn't eat any of the meatloaf sardwich eijther. They ate the M & Ms first. When you have finished.-ent doNn the creek. Especialty cold and between bread .. sad. The rest of the afternoon we climbed around the hills looking .. 5 Add details to your notes. \. 't d Read the story again. words.AngeleS.. for snakes until one of them got the idea of IcJ. page 53). The bike I stole was too big for me so I could r. Which is the best continuation? d To find out bow the original story continues... check your writing. False Words. adverbs of manner. So I \. 1m. Wrtff(1lunchtime came I had to share my lunch 'Nith the brotherS beCaUse they'd forgotten to bring theirs.. even though I suspected LA was at least a hurdred miles ~. We caught crawdads 'Nith marshmalk'JW bait then tore the shells off them and used \.. I must have been six then.r. We hid the bikes in a stand of eucatyptus trees at the edge of the Afra'IO and.getes was wtlen my aunt took me to the Farmer's t>Aarket in her '44 Dodge to loOk at the myna birds. guess the answers to these questions. Look at the phrases that come from it and guess which story it is. I said 'yes' to ev6!'jthing... Use the strategies from Develop Your Learning on page 35 to figure out their meanings. I spread the contents of the paper bag ~ out on a big !\at rock..Nering our bikes dQIM1 into the aqueduct and riding along the dry bed IJltil we reached lOS.. Try to predict what might happen in the story. stole three bikes a short vacation at the edge of the Arroyo a big flat rock tore the package open reached Los Angeles They told me it would just be like taking a shOrt vacation .. Imagine that you are the narrator. then read the extract and check your predictions.. 5 The narrator ate meatloaf sandwich and chocolate. 1 Do the boys know each other well? 2 Why did they play hooky? 3 How do you think they felt about school? 4 How did they feel when they stole tbe bikes? 5 How about when they caught the crawclads? 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Look at tbese words from the slory.

. K. J 1 2: The novelist's first attempt was turned down by several __ publishers.. Rawling. it got rave reviews on both sides of me Atlantic...Fact to fantasy 1 Speaking ski Us a ::::nOle5 of everything you know 1 the Harry POlter books :. And like the proverbial prince. on e of the richest women in the world. it was her creation. a smaller campall fro I P fOm '. it was announced that J.K. me . They have all beel translated into more than 20 languages. unemployed. goes to China ~ for tourism @Hany Potter is magic Excrcis: I.K. Rowling. OSllVe Ilegat' . with a fortune estimated at one billion dollars. she is one of the bigy donators to charity that me country has ever seen. J. Divorced.. Rowling has become a full-time writer and has g iven up her tiny rwo-room apartment for a Scott' mansion and luxury apartments in born Edinburgh anu London.~::~i~hle~k your ideas from ExerciseO~~. and living in a tiny Ed inburgh apartment with her infant daughter. author of the fantasy novels that arc popular with young and old alike.K. is now richer than the Queen of England. Like that of her character. They must have been .a mous writer..rom As the new Harry Pon er story was being eagerly awaited by millions of fans all over the wo rld. The38-year-old author is now the ninth richest woman in the u. which have led to the publication of four sequels so far. e. .:s ~~:~. Ie will express a 1\ e poml of View? Why? 3 Where do you think .:: the Harry POller movie~...g. OWan( make The headlines have bee 'k fro 'I naen m arl l~ es. Rawling wrote Harry Poner and the Sorcerer's Stone at a table in a cafe wh ile her daughter was sleeping. has made his creator wealthier than Quee Elizabeth II. the schoolboy magician and hero of the books.as changed since Harry POlter~ndnt~\. W()(ds.. What are the articles about" 2 Which articles will express a p "r ' point of view and who h .. Now the goodnews is that Harry Poner. . . Magician Harry Potter brings ® riches to author m_~~"".K. world-.K. • In the years slOce the appearance of the first H arry Potter story. Her fans arc quick to point out that despite her success. Harry Potter. Rowling's life resembles a fairy talc. who rescued her from her life of rags and brought her one of riches. I you might see the artIc os that the hcadl'Ines Come from? 1 /1 mUst USEFUL LANGUAGE be about . but once accepted and publish ed. writing Harry Potter offshootS and giving the proceed s to her favorite causes. Rawling.. How do la:~c. Harry.h~:~ohneea dWI~s P:lblished? ... y m a arger compallY it 6 Words. the author of h you think her n h t 0 Harry Polter books is b Read th . . or maybe because of it. _. J.~ 2 Reading skills a Harry Potter : ~". ~ GLOSSARY rags old and shabby clothes offshoots something that dcvelo s Ii e.' e . 3 1. b Look at the headlines bel I predictions. words .lIIother thillS.

Objectives
Grammar

Topic: J.K. Rawling and Harry Potter
Vocabulary avoiding repetition Reading a newspaper article

the passive

Speaking predicting from headlines

-

Divide the class into groups of four to six. Write the words Harry Pot/cron tho board, and then give the groups timo 10 jot notes down on everything they know about Harry Polter. After\vards, ask each group to share their three most interesting facts with the class.

Introduce the topic

1

Speaking skills
Ask studen ts to discuss the headlines in Exercise Ib in pairs or in groups. Encourage them to use medals. Point out the Useful Language phrases.

Suggested a nswers: Headline 1 Tho article is probably about the author and how sho has become rich. It 's positive. . It must come from a newspaper or magazine article. Headline 2 It is probably about how the book has been translated into Chinese and is proving successful there. It 's positive. It's probably fro m a newspaper - it might be from a publishing magazine. Headline 3 Irs probably about how the Harry Poller books have had a negative effect on read ing I the English language I literature or something like that. It's negative. It may come from a literary or educational article in a newspaper. Headline 4 It's about how people from all over the world are visiti ng places in Britain where Harry Potter was written or filmed. It's positive. It could come from an article in a travel magazine.

2 Reading skills
In Exercise Zn , elicit from tho class a few predictions about how J.K. Rowling's lifo has changed. Then ask students to road the article to answer the question in Exercise z b and check their predictions. Answers: Sho has become a successful writer, lhe ninth richest woman in the U.K., and she owns II Scottish mansion and luxury apartments. She gives a lot of money to charity. Headline 1 goes with the article.
J.K. Uoonnel Rawling did not use her first nome on the books because she lel1that boys might be put off reading the book il they knew it was by a "girl: She wonlS to motivate boys. especially, to read. which has been one 01 the great successes 01 the Herry Potier books.
Culture note

Words, words. words

T 62

Unll6

Ask students to look through the questions in Exercise 2c and decide which paragraph might answer them. Go over the answers briefly with the class. Then ask students to look through the relevant paragraph for answers and discuss them with a part ner. Answers: no answer She was divorced, unemployed, had a small child. and lived in a small apartment. (para. 2) No. (para. 3) They "got rave reviews on both sides of the Atlantic.. - so, equally successful. (para. 3) No answer. Less than 38. (para. 3) No. She has given some money from "offshoots" to her fa vorite causes. (para. 4) Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise 2d in pairs. Answers: The art icle is positive. Supporting phrases include: eagerly awaited, popular, resembles a fairy tale, rescued .. . from ... rags (10) riches, rave reviews, one of the richest women in the world, biggest donators to charity

3 Vocabu lary: avoi ding repetition
Tell students to copy the table in Exercise 3h into their notebooks. Ask lhem to scan the lext for synonyms and paraphrases that refer to lhe author J.K. Rowling and lhen complete the table with these phrases. Answe rs: Adj(l(:tives divorced unemployed Adjectival phrases 38-year-old full-time Nouns author novelist creator writer donator Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels one of the richest women in the world one of the b iggest donators to charity

4 Gram mar review: the passive
Ask stude nls to work in pairs to match examples in Exercise 4a to uses. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the q uestions aboul lhe examples in Exercise 4b. Point out the Language Note on page 63 and refer them to the Grammar Summary on page 66 to check their answers.
Quick grammar guide

Passive constructions exist in many languages but often are not as commonly used as they are in English. A reflexive construction with on active verb is sometimes preferred, with the subject after the verb. not a t the beginning of the sentence.
Common enors and problems

• Students may attempt a reflexive construction which is impossible in English. ,ariF!' IRe B99/@; in Hong Kong. 's fJ'f.R.'99 IRe Be9.1r!; in Hong Kong. ' ~' ts fJ'fjR/e9 IRe Be9/@; in Hong Kong . • A common mistake is to make an active sentence without a subject pronoun. WI9/e her firsl book in Edinburgh. Answers: a No. It isn't important. b millions of fans eWe wanl to focus on "the new Harry Potter story " - this is the important or new information. d several publishers e 1 Someone announced that ... 2 Someone has translated them inlo ... 3 Millions offans weTO eagerly awaiting ... 4 Several publishers turned down ... They are still correct, but 1 and 2 sound odd. In Exercise 4d, ask students to complete the sentences ind ividually, then check in pairs.

5 Speaking skills
Divido students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions.

Unil6

T 63

Words. words, WOfds

c Docs the article answer all of the following questions? Decide which paragraph you can find the answer in when possible. then answer the ques tions.
1 Why did J.K. Rawling write the Potter books? 2 What was her life like before the first book

b Look at these examples from the article and answer the questions.
1 .. . it was announced that J.K. Rowling .. . is

now richer than the Queen of England.
2 They have all been translated into more than

3
4

5
6

was published? Was she immediately successful with her first story? Have the books been more successful in the U.S. or the U.K.? How old was she when the first book was published? Has she profited from all of her books?

20 languages . 3 As the new Harry Potter story was being eagerly awaited by m illions of fans ... 4 The novelist's fi rst attempt was turned down by several publishers ...

d Is the article more positive or negative about Harry Potter and his author? Make a note of the words and phrases that support your answer.

3 Vocabulary: avoiding repetition
'a Read the article again and note all the references to J.K. Rawling.

a Do we know who announced the news in 1, or who translated the books in 2? Is it important? b Who or what does the action in 3, "the new Harry Potter story" or "millions of fans"? c In 3. the agent (millions of fans) is quite important. so why is the passive used? d Who does the action in 4? e Try to put the four sentences above into the active voice. Are they still correct? c Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 66.

aWJ,o, <f Ik fa~ >UJ>ds.. OiW>'Wi•. b Write the words and phrases you have noted in the table.

LANGUAGE NOTE
Remember tllat we make the passive with a form ofthe verb be + past participle: it was announced; they have all been translated. d We can use the passive in most tenses and verb forms. Identify the tense or verb form in the active sentences below and complete the passive sentences.
1 The publishers print the books in Hong Kong.

Adjectives divof1:ed unem ployed

Adjectival

Nouns author

Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels

phrases
38·year-old

(prefe.-.t!;

!'i.mrieJ

c We use synonyms and paraphrases to avoid repetition and help the flow oftexl. Find : 1 three ways the journalist refers to Rawling's occupation. au tho r, novelist , writer 2 four ways he refers to Harry Potter. her character. her creation . the schoolboy magician , hero of the books 3 three ways he refers to the books. fantasy novels, first attempt, four sequels, offshoots

2

3

4 Grammar review: the passive
a Look at the examples of passives. 1--4. Match them with the correct use from the list below. The passive is often used in ... 1 academic works, e.g. science journals: A constant temperature is maintained ... 2 manuals: Ensure that the plug is fitted correctly before ... 3 public notices: Passengers are kindly requested not to smoke. 4 newspapers: Find an example in the headlines in Exercise lb.

4

5

6

The books ... aYe pr-mled m. JWng Kong. Distribution companjes are shipping millions of the new Harry Potter book around the world. present progressive Millions of the new Harry Potter books are being shipped around the world. Several publishers rejected J.K. Rowling's first book. simple past J.K . Rawling's first book was rejected by severa l publisbers. The publisher has announced the launch date for the latest Potter book. present perfect The launch date for the latest Potter book has been announced by the publisher. They should ban the words Harry Potter. should + infinitive The words Harry Potter should be banned . They had made the first book into a fi lm before Rawling wrote the fifth book. past perfect The first book had been made into a film before Rawling wrote the fifth book.

7
~L

We lise the passive when: a the subject of the action is unknown b the subject of the action is unimportant c we want to focus on new information by putting it at the end of the sentence d we want to avoid naming or blaming the subject of an action

5 Speaking skills
In groups , discuss these questions. 1 What books are being fead by kids in your country right now?
2 Make a list of your favorite books when you were

a kid and compare them with your group. 3 Which is your all·time favorite book? Why?
Words, words, words

Unit 6

~

1 Warm up
An urban myth is an often-repeated story. which mayor may not be true, of an unusual and sometimes terrible event that happens to an ordinary person, usually a "friend of a friend", The stories usually have a surprise ending. They are often told when fr iends get together at d inner parties or bars. a The sentences below are taken from Iwo different urban myths. They are taken from the beginning, the midd le, and the end of each story. Put them into the correct order. Story A; 1 Q!J 2 I:m 3!ID Story 8; 1 !g 2 ID 3@

b In grou ps, compare your answers and try to figure out what Lhe two stories are about . Use the questions to help you. 1 Who arc the characters in the story? 2 Where does the story take place? 3 When do the events take place? (morning/evening? present/ past?) 4 Is the story a funn y one, a thriller. a mystery. a crime story? 5 Docs it have a "happy ending"? Wo will como back to these stories at the end of the lesson.

~

~

~

~

~

USEFUL LANGUAGE
Thi.~ must be from ... This could be the first one.

I ~ r-A------le--n-C;C,-e-e--'vCi-hCVCiCI-g-e--'v-o-k-e-u p-o-n~e=," ==i=g =to=fi=n=d==h=a=t====~------------------------------'-' co up i n c- l a -- ==o=nn n = = t
someone had stolen their car.

®

They later found that the thief had used their car for a robber y on the very day it had disappeared.

r--

~----~=====================~------~~ @ A friend of mine was d riving along the Massachusetts Highway o ne
evening when he passed a young lady walking along the side of the road.

@

" Yes, the purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed more than 20 years ago in a car accident on the Massachusetts Highway."

®
CD

The note explained the thief had taken the car because he didn't have a car himself and his wife had gone into labor with their first baby.

A couple of days later, he was cleaning his car when he cam e across
a wo man's pursC!=.

Words, WOfds. words

Objectives

Topic: anecdotes and urban myths
Writing
Ustening
Specking
telling an anecdote

Grammar Reading past perfect simple urban legends and progressive, third conditional

an anecdote

on anecdote

••
1 Warm up
Ask students to do Exercise la in pairs. Aftenvards, ask the class which picture goes with which story. Ask students to discuss th e stories in groups o f four, using the questions in Exercise lb. Monitor the discussion. but don't reveal any stories at this stage.

Words, words, WOfds

T 64

Unil 6

to make a long $lory short. 4 Feedback Put students in pairs to tell their stories. Shira Oh.. and . and think of images. Play the audio for Exercise 2. they found thai while they hod been out enjoying their Broadway musical. This Oduolty happened to a friend of a friend of mine .. Mmm. You must have heard it. Rob Great. pause the recording and tel] students to write notes to build up the story. the Vv"Ilole thing. yeah . Answers Interjections Incredible! Oh.. I bet. . they hodn'r put it in the gorage. ask students to listen to the story on the audio and check their predictions.t 2 Task Go over the instructions for the task carefully with the class. big house. Shira I bet. you know. Rob So they reporled Ihe theft 10 the police. so . they would still have their possessions. hove another drink. and . good jobs. Ask students to write their stories from their notes and then exchange stories with another student to read. you see. . Rob So. Trevor Oh. uh . Have you heard Ihe one about the couple whose cor was stolen and. with eyes closed if they like.. Echo questions/repetition Their car was stolen? But you said they Of course. Trevor Of course. Trevor No. Here. I the house. Rob Well. words. right well. the crook hod robbed their entire house of its conleots. Rob Oh. Oh.. 7 Follow up Ask students to read the second urban myth all page 147 ofthe Student's Book and check their predictions. yeah . And? A nole?Oh? Simple phraseslwords Go on.. Rob.. gone into Iobor with their first baby. . he'd enclosed two tickets for a Broadway show thor weekend.lOne You must hove heard it. you know. Ask students to copy and complete the table in their notebooks. I've heard it so many times! Shira Oh. Everybody knows it. 5 Compare For Exercise Sa. pour me anather gloss of wine and I'll tell you. anyway. great. outside Rob Yeah. and one morning they wake up to find thol someone hod stolen their cor.no. 3 Prepare Ask students to follow the guidelines to develop their story. Shira Their cor was stolen? No. ond . rhey'd parked it outside rhe house the night belOfe. thanks. Shira But you soid they hod a goroge .. 6 Notice ~ Play the audio for exercise 5 again. Rob. The couple was delighted. And? Rob Well. no. professionals. they went to Ihe show and when they got home offer it. Trevor Oh. Ask students to listen to lhe first piece of music. Elidt wa ys of completing the sentence in Exercise 5b and write good sentences on the board. ITrack 28 features three excerpts of muSic. Oh.. later the some day. there was Ihis couple in Greenwich Villoge. to make Ihings WOfSE!. I love these urban mythsl Trevor Go on.. all righlthen. I don" think I've heard that one. with a note under the windshield wiper.. you see.. words . Rob Oh. they later found that the thief hod used their car fOf a robbery on the very day it hod disoppeared! Unit 6 T 6S Words. stMra Oh? Rob So he hoped they didn't mind 100 much rhat he'd taken their car without permission. Rob.. gorage. you know. to $Offen the blow. Rob Hong on. Jane Go on. they got home from work to see the cor bock again. Then continue this procedure for the second and third pieces of music. I don·tthink so. After the first piece. you know. Stress the content and also have students support each other in reviewing the grammar and form of their stories. Trevor A note? '9~------------------------------------------------------. his wife had. il was a note explaining thaI the thief hod taken the cor because he didn't hove a cor himself. Trevor Incredible! Rob Well. 1/ the couple hadn't gone to the theater. Jane Mmm.

follow the b Complete the sentence. and write the responses in the table. Practice being You are going to write a very short story and tell it to a good story-teller and a good listener! other students. past perfect progressive connectors: when. and try not to read word-by-wo rd . Make notes of any phrases they usc as you Iiston. Take If the couple hadn 't gone to IJ1e theater. and so on. 1 The characters: are they young or old? How do they feel? Z Time and place: where does the story take p lace? (city/country? ins ide/o utside?) When does it take place (morning/evening?) 3 Background: what was the weather like? What had th ey been doing before the story began? 4 Ending: you can make the ending a "surprise" in true urban myth tradi tion ! 5 Language narrative tenses: simple past. after a while. to encourage the speaker. c Give your story to a di fferent partner to read. 7 Follow up a Read the full version o fth e other story from Exercise l b on page 147. as soon as. finally adjectives: to make your story more vivid ~ Listen to the conversation again. he would never have met Pe nclope. Were your predictions correct? b Go back to the notes on your story and write it up as a complete text of about 150 words." 5 Compare 3 Years later. Rob. . and then. 2 They had been going out together for about a year when . ~ Think about your story. to check understanding. Each piece goes with each of the three paragraphs. Listener: Show you are listening. Make any changes you wish to the content or the language.. Interjections Incredible! Echo questions I repetition Their car was stolen? Simple phrases I words Goon. Make any changes you wish . words. mfHlIlwhile. he looked back: if he hadn't . past perfect. notes to bui ld up your story. words . tell your story to each other. using the stories in this lesson to give you ideas. Notice the way the listeners res pond to show they are listening. you are going to listen the story correct? to three pieces of music. ask questions. Now use these guide lines to help you develop you r story. Story-teller: Use your notes to guide you. The music will stop after each p icce to give you time to write. 1 If Tom hadn'l gone to the party.2 Task 4 Feedback In pairs. As you listen. hore are the sentences th at begin each of the throe paragraphs of yOW" story. music and tho images it brings to your mjnd. but don '( take notes yet. To h elp you. Oh. to show interest. To Which story is it? Were your predictions about help you develop your story. 6 Notice 3 Prepare Look over your notes fo r the three paragraphs. make commonts. ~ a Listen to one of the stories from Exercise l a. Which of you wrote the more interesting story? Which had the best English? Words.

) • When the Answer thes e questi o ns. We use the passive to do this. trough it may be important. bklg""". Less certain She might have arrived. and can't: prog<BSSive P<esent parlee! They must have arrived by now. X They can't have anMJd yet. (I ate them but I don't want to admit it. She may have arrived. the COOkies were eaten while'you and dad were out. could (not). prog<BSSive Simple past The childlBfl are being taught latin Itlis yeaf. What do agent is known but not important: A new Jaw regarding advertising was passed yesterday. Ycu Uz Joe Yeah. 0Ne want to avoid bIarnilg a. her suitcase. Ycu k:lOk tied. \'Vhen we include the agent.ama movie screenplays new"""". so she 1 must ~ve arrived yet.mat was You will be notified in due course.r. @ can't have hoc! a tot. The books have been awaited for a ong time. might (not). but we tend not to use it with the present perfect progressive or past perfect progressive. Fo"" We form the passive with the verb be and a past participle. dramatist 2 The passive Use oovet p~y playv-mght hIstorian screenwn journalist histOf)' boo!< • When the agent (subject) of the verb is unknown: Our car was stolen last night.} I haven't seen She may not have arrived yet. Note that we do not usa the negative of must or the positive of They mustn't have anMJd yet./ Choose the correct modal verbs in this conversation.! Past perfect Modal passive A new bridge has been built over the river.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Deduction and possibility in the past Use • • Sometimes we leave the agent out because we do not want to sa-. who did .ted. Your order rng V .rket Liz 1 Uniforms must be worn at all times by soldiers on duty.ect + modal verb + have + past participle The modal verbs most often used are must. 0Ne don't know who stole it. words.I" order was ~ prepared YIIher'l I last checked. I suppose She she'd get here S @ must have. She wanted to buy some wine so she @ ' can have stopped at the superma. '--' De cide if these passive sentences are correct or not. 3 YQI.. words . I just wish so we can start dinner. It is not always possible to use an active sentence instead of a passive one: Translators have translated all the books. and I 8 mustn't ~ have stopped for more than ten rTW1utes all day. minutes. we call .. Tense Simple Form (pp iii past participle) Example Our bills are paid through the bank. 2 The books have been awaited for a long time. 4 0cIer teachers are often asked questions by younger teachers. ~ Certain She can't have arrived yet.30. haslhave + been + pp had + been + pp modal verb + be + pp He could have arrived.somethi"Ig. we intiOOuce it with by: We use must (not) / may (not) I might (oot) / ootid (not) / can't + have to make deductions aboot the past and to tal< about possiJity i"I the past. Joe Uz Joe Have you seen Sara? No.rj1 day. The car must be ~ repaired immediately.) Sometimes we want to put new information at the end of the sentence to give it more importance.) Mom. HE!( coat's hanging in the closet. may (not). is/are + past participle is/are + being + pp was/wete + pp was/wal'"e + being + pp preseot P<esent Fo"" sub. I ~~ could have left home before six this morning. she 3~ may not have.• 1 someone who writes for the lheater? playwright 2 someone who writes about the life 01 a famous person? hiogrD plll~r 3 someone who writes about important events in the past? historian 4 someone who writes fictional stories? novelist 5 someone who writes dialogues for the movies? screenwriter Unit 6 Words.:vas Joe Uz Joe being pnlparlld when I last checked .".' Past The book was being printed last night. )( She may have affl. She !Tight not have arrived yet.. Negative ~ train gets hef"e at 3.) Newspapers and scientifiC texts frequently use the passive in this way. This Is too repetitive to be correct.r Harry Potter story was eagerly awaited by miIOns of fans. Vocabulary Summary Literature You poor thing! Here. have a drink. She ~/ can't have gotten caught in traffic. st~1 dark outsicle.. Co rrec t those wIth e rro rs. She can have atrived. '" 5 My wallet was taken from my jacket pocket yesterday by SOOlI3()I)9':"-' V Yeah. Our cat was run over by a (). } The train isn't due for another ten She couldn't have arrived yet.} She could have arrived. Kind of writing poet" Writer Kind of writing Writer poet novetist bklgrnphy d. The verbs stxm differanllevels of certai'lty.rseIves I someone else. No. She was walking. (The government passed it but we already know that. $he may not have arrived yet. The letter had been sent before I realized . The nev. Positive She must have arrived. . We can use the passive in most tenses.

The next thing I knew I was lying in a hospital bed with my head bandaged up.. rewrite your story on a clean piece of paper and give it a title. You can rewrite it as many times as you like. Pamgn. I was walking home from school. Cl! ~ >- o --' LJ. provide a 'twist: 3 Organize the story into paragraphs. but put the story into paragraphs and make it as clear as possible. tell your partner about your action plan for Unit 5. II was a beautiful sunny afternoon with not a cloud in the sky. a surprise. 1 have a three-inch scar along my skull to prove it. Don't worry about producing perfect English now. You can use the model in Ex8!'cise 2 if you want. at first simple past unfortunately past perfect characters that are well-developed and believable a range of different tenses. solve a puzzle. 3: o 0.ph 2 Pamgn.c d Intreduce a change in the action to increase interest. 1 heard friendly laughter and I looked up to see two boys playing in the trees. and through the trees. I'll never forget what happened. --. answer the questions. there was a scream and then all fell silent. Paragraph 4 Grve backgrOUnd to the story. 4 Write a fi rst draft. 2 Make a few notes to summarize the main points of the story. Add some more examples if you can. b End in an interesting way.J o o o o o o a wide range of appropriate vocabulary and interesting expressions a well·organized narrative that is easy to follow and understand an interesting plot that makes you want to read to the end 3 Analyzing how language is used to make a good story a A writer needs to use variety to make a story come alive. although the truth is I don't recall anything immediately after that unlucky event.PLAN [> Your action ptan. The blow must have knocked me unconscious. 1 What title would you give to this anecdote? 2 Did you enjoy the story? Why? / Why not? past perfect progressive shivering before reported and d irect speech that summer sea-blue dangerously in the meantime I was a six-year-old living in Hawaii at the time. It ricocheted off a tree and then bounced off my head.J > LJ. 2 Analyzing the organization of a story Read the anecdote again and look at how the writer develops the story. The two boys bad been playing with a sugar cane knife when onc of them lost hold of it. --I--l-. 5 = the least important. Correct the English and add descriptive language to make it more interesting. words. I took my usual shortcut home .. Although I remember nothing of the accident. at first two days earlier as soon as before that summer in the meantime Descriptive tanguage adverbs: sadly adjectives: merciless unfortunately slowl y suddenly piercing brightly shiver ing sea-bl ue dangerous l y b Now find examples of some of the points in the table in the anecdote in Ex8f'Cise 1c. look al the "ingredients of a good story" below and number them in order of importance: 1 == the most important. 4 Applying what you have learned You are now going to write a short story of between 150 and 200 words. S Read you r story.. and wtlat opportunities for speaking EngliSh you have taken.. a story that gets the reader's attention and keeps rt. even on a beautifully sunny day. a problem. over the fence. ~<J REVIEW Review your action plan.C) i= -:: a z A narrative 1 Looking at what makes a good story What makes a good story? In this lesson you will ook at the techniques involved in making a good story. And I'm still visited by the baunting thought that death can come calling at any time. Follow the steps below. In pairs. Suddenly. e. Match the paragraph with the part of the story.along the beach. e. Put the types of language in the box into the correct column of the table. making opportunities to speak English In pairs. writing an interesting story Finish writing your story.g. words Unil6 .ph 3 a Develop the story step by step.g. You probably won't finish it in class but you will be expected to finish it as part of you r action plan. 6 Finally.ph 1 Pamgn. c Read this story. most of which will be past forms two days earlier slowly suddenly as soon as piercing brightly b Compare your answers with the class. Note: you wi ll need to show your final anecdote to your classmates at the 8fId of Unit 7. Words. Ten ses I verb forms past progressive (to set the scene) simple past past perfect past perfect progressi ve reported and direct speech Sequencing expre ssion s meanwhile later that evening . a In pairs. 1 Think of an interesting story that happened to you or someone you know. that is.

(might) They migbt have bad more children if they'd been richer. not really.. native civilization wouldn't have been destroyed. so I'll buy a new cellphone ifit isn't too expensive.a Complete this conversation using the simple present or present progressive tense..she might be his girlfriend 4 He still had a lot of money so the motive for the shooting couldn't be theftlmoneylsreed 5 He still had tho tickets for the game so he couldn't have 80ne to the game c Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. Ho 5 won't want (not want) to sit at home and take care of the baby. 5 They separated after four years of dating.. . '--" e Look at these notes made by a police detective at the \. 4 I havo somo spare money. it's Father's Day so I 5 'm going to cook (cook) dinner for my dad in the evening... Any plans for Sunday? Rita No. 'II be (be) a great Jean I don't agree. 1 The lecture started at 9:00 and we arrived at 9:15. I they I live I Australia. '--" but l ean 't soe that happening. 4 They didn't have more children because they couldn't afford them. so II buy I new cell phone I if \. 1 If the New World / not I discover I native civilization I not "--" I destroy. (being) Several suspects are being questioned . Then look at the theories the detective is formulating and make deductions.. I think he 6 dad! d Expand these notes to make complete sentences. If Fran got married to John. though? Jean What do you mean? Bob Well .. (bappy) If he'd remained single. 2 The police are questioning several suspects. Why don't you join us? Rita In the evening? Thanks./ scene of a murder in New York./ the day of the exam. That's my advice.. She 1 '. Tom 11 'm going (go) to a concert on Saturday night. [have some spare money. 2 If Fran I get I marry I to John. 5 I I buy I thai apartment / if / I I be I you. he's very selfish. Do you want to come? Rita I'd love to but 2 I teach (teach) my salsa class every Saturday night. Use the word in parentheses. right. isn't he? If there 3 is (be) a football game.. he 4 ' U go {gol to it . 3 I 'm going to stay (stay) at home and clean my apartment .soinl to bave (have) the baby in three weeks.. Bob Fantastic! Do you think TIm 2 will make (make) a good father.. She might have gotten a better grade if she hadn't felt sick on . I'd love to. the lecture bad already started . Jean I saw TIm and Helen in the street.. 3 Marriage made him unhappy.J I not I too / expensive. Helen's huge now. 1 He was wearing a wedd ing ring so he must be married 2 Ho had two passports so he could have dual nationality 3 He was meeting a woman named Paula .. If the New World had not been discovered. (already) When we arrived at the auditorium. 3 She / might / got I bellor grade I if I not I feel sick I all 1. b Complete this conversation using going to + verb. will/won 't + verb or the first conditional. (dating) They bad been dating for four years before they separated. Tom Dh.it's a mess ! 4 Are you doinS (you/ do) anything? Tom Well. . I'd buy that apartment if! were you. I forgot. or going to + verb. they would Jive in Australia" . be would be { would have been happy .

send it like this. designed by the famous French designer. 1\'10 years later t oy go.. 1 can'. d th 2 stepslSters . sticky notes a hole puncher an alarm clock an ironing board correction fluid a dishwasher an armchair a paper clip an answering machine a food processor a washing machine 1 Do you have anyth ing I can hold these pieces of paper together with? a paper dip 2 I've made a couple of mistakes on this application form. a dishwasher 5 I'm out of the house a lot and people complain they can never reach me. out together for years Martha and Miko had ~eoll gOI~I~ e they decided to live and after they both fi mshe: co \gengagod but Mike together. correction Ouid 3 I can't wake up in the morn ing and I'm always lale for work.~ Martha thai Mike was O along well and she explilmo ' r ' ed marriage. or grains (com . 1 The worl d's first cell phone virus has invented by hackers. an answering machine .' rcmarfl'ed and Mike noW ha close frien ds . was 2 These shoes !!.!2. which we need for good health lID phrases fro m the box.r There is a 8rammatica l mistake in each of these sentences.~Ul becOme rea . So did he want 4 fI 5 mother-in-Ia'!. Over mother temalDed 1 . two years liltor Marlha an 1 Complete the text with a form of the words in the box.aJ the years they had 3 "ke another sister to I ht that sho was 1 sometimes I. Claude Lomax in 1906. M. \Qug r 'endshi\! or marriage? Mike. Co rrect the mistakes. have been completed g Read this story a nd comillele it with the words or Match tho words with the a ppropri ate definition. Martha c. eggs. His dad had gott~n di'lO~:in. f his parents 81 scared because 0 d M'ke got milrried.le O arent but hi~ dad . were 3 Native American languages speak more widely than Spanish in Bolivia. e was tile correct wasn't really sure whether ~arn:~raditiOnal family and me slep for him. His mom and background was compl~te ~ he was just a baby. are spoken 4 Children are teaching Greek in tenth grade. but Mike's family liked the idea of marriage I different. 'Iegetables. Happily. and milk that makes you strong Rnd healthy I!l natural substances in foods like iron and calcium. Martha Bnd her ~utu. got Luckily. screen novel play poetry biography I h What do the speakers need? Choose an objcct from the box. a fiber b fat c carbohydrates d minerals e vitamins f protein 1 2 3 4 5 found in food like bread and potatoes and gives your body heat and energy @) fowld in food li ke oil and butler and gives you energy but is fil llening I!il the parts of fruit. wheal) that help food pass through your body I!l a substance in foods such as meat.a a:~~idS. being taught/are taught 5 The new skyscraper should have completed by next summer. an alarm dock 4 We keep arguing about who's going to do the dishes after dinner. become close fr iond s mother-i n-law a single parent fr iendsh ip stepsisters . There is one extra item.

to team sports. c Find personality adjectives in the article that have the opposite meaning to these. Their personality is oo. bony face D 3 large. tr~ to describe the characters of the people In Exorcise 1 from their faces. Many movie directors and other artists tend to belong to this type.fempered and can suddenly "fly off the handle". thin noses are often loners and workaholics. They generally don't like sporls. People with Ioog. They tend to have a lorge. There are certain fealures thot tend 10 indicate personality types.·m"lIlIv they're extroverted. bony lace.~t ~~~:~~~~. types. full lips a weak chi n close-set eyes thin lips a high forohand bushy eyebrows 0 person's character from their faciol characteristics. The nose is often flat and the chin is prominent. In p8i~S. I h lve aca.a article on tho right is about face reading.1 Vocabulary: the face a Match the faces with these descriptions. discuss these features. they tend to have a low forehead. these types can react spontaneously without thinking about the consequences. tends to be small. Some people believe we con judge bushy eyebrows thin lips prominent chin low forehoad heavy eyelids small nose full lips small ears close-set eyes c Can facial features lell you anything about a person? In pairs. and while many people 05SOCiale dase-set eyes with a ntrustwort rson. 4 . they p::>inl more often to someone who i uIC'1 in In According 10 face-reading specialists. such as heavy eyelids indicating on introveft. They are active and enjoy physical work in the open air. These people are basically introverts: they tend to be quiet. small ears and a small nose. 3. This type has a GLOSSARY untrustworthy not copablo of being trusted fly ofT the handle become angry very quickly lacking without something. faces fall into certain types. such as the four below: 1. Face reading has a long hislofy and even IOdoy people ore surprised by ils accuracy. round face C 2 long. such as boxing and weightlifting. so they tend to be bod. Although by no means locking in intelligence. cheerful demanding honest outgoing predictable slow-wittecl ~. Match each description with one of the faces then compare your answers in groups. 1 wide. They prefer individual sports. angular face A 4 small head and small facial features 8 b Complete the labels 011 the faces with these phrases. cha nge suddenly tl} 2. angular face with thin lips. round face. someone who keeps their feelings 10 themselves. This type has a large head and a wide. This type hos a small head and small facial features. they can be emotionally ~ble. fSliy-. having none of someth ing a long. ox~rovortcd/introverted optimistidpessimistic qUIet/confident calmlbad-tempcred lazy/..ct· d . usually square-shaped. 58 Unil7 Body language .~c:ondepressed. Use these words and phrases. They tend to be loners. ernie at lotic intelligent/ not very smart SOCIable/a loncr b Read the articlc and check your answers. optimistic. This athletic type tends to be of medium height with brood shoulders. Nevertheless. 2 Reading skills a Th..

(For example. you may need to check the meaning of the adjectives by miming and showing.n exercise 1. using the descriptive adjectives in Exercise 2a. Ask a few pairs how they have described the people. Ask How can you describe this person's face in deloil? What con you say about this person's personality? Do you think you can make guesses about someone's personality from their face? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: the face Bri efly pre-teach the paris of the fac e by pointing to parts of your face and asking W}lQrs this? You/' chin. ask students to match the descriptions to the faces and check in groups. ask students to lahelthe paris of the faces at the lop of the page. Go through the answers as a class. Ask students to match the words in Exercise 2c with opposites in the text. etc. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into pairs to make predictions aboutlhe people i. Elicit a few ideas from different pairs at the end.) Ask students to discuss the features in Exercise 1c in pairs.. Objectives Vocabulary the face Topic: face-reading Reading a psychology article Writing a detailed description Speaking describing people's faces of a face Put on the board a large magazine picture of 0 person's face. push out your chin to show "prominent" chin . then check in pairs. Body language T 70 Unit7 . As a whole class. Ask students 10 do Exercise 1a in pairs. Remind students 10 check the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. [n Exercise l b. •• In Exercise 2b.

narrow. narrow mouth lips fu ll . friendly. Then lei the individual concerned decide whether the description matches hisfhor personality. bushy eyelids wrinkled. low. wide. monitoring and helping with idoas and vocabulary. high. In Exercise 3a. B. small. Students have 10 read their descriptions aloud while their partners look at page 147 and identify the face being described. laughter lines 4 very. Then ask them to work in pairs or small groups 10 complete the lablo. slightly wrinkled : hair is receding. Note Handle Ihis activity with sensitivity. 5 mouth/ lips.) at the lop of each one as you collect them. square-shaped eyes large. long face Ask studonts to read and analyze the texl in exercise 3c by answering the questions in Exercise 4b. etc. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks. Divide the class into pairs. Then ask ono perSOIl from each group to stand up and describe one of the famous people to the class. deep-sel. long. Additional actMty Bring in a pile of "faceso cut from mogozines. long. aftor students have selected their identikit picture from pago 147. elc.) on each pidure. small. small. light blue. then briefly elicit answers from the whole class. Write a number Il. raised. check answers with the class while you build up a class lable on the board. poi nted. slightly. Collect all the descriptions. heavy forehead broad. Answers: 1 The first sentence describes the fa ce and general appearance because it is best to start with a general description before moving to spocifics. Ask students in groups to describe the faces of the famous people in Exercise 3h and decide what they arc like. Afterwards. th ick. Let students check in pairs. C. Which pair can match the most descriptions to pictures in that lime? Unit 7 T 71 Body language . 2 eyes. Tell students they have seven minutes. 3 eyebrows. bloodshot. ask them to write their description. thin ears sticking-out. Move around the class. then skip exercise 3a and move straight on to exercise 3b. dose-set. Suggested a nswers: oval. plump. Encourage students to try oul phrases from the Useful Language box. 6 jaw/chin. Make sum students have finished their descriptions before going on to Exercise 4d . 7 ears 3 looks intelligent. Put the descriptions in a pile on your desk and ask the pairs to pick up a description. pointed. slightly hooked wido. 3. 4 nose. thin. and give each pair a magazine °foce: Ask them to work together to write a description of the foce. and match it to a face. angular. quite. flat. wrinkled nose large. wide-set. read it. Ask students to read the description in Exercise 3c. they have to decide whose face in the group matches which description in the text. heavy-lidded eyebrows thin. 2. 2 1 fo rehead. wide. bony.3 Speaking ski lls Ask students to work in small groups. and write a letter IA. fairly In Exercise 4c. large. and find the picture. Coiled the magazine pictures and stick them on the walls around the classroom. round. If you feel any students might be uncomfOrloble tolking about their appeorance. Give the groups five minutes to discuss.

He/She has a wide high forehead.g. large. ilnd 3. wrinkled. This person has a long. pointed. Face Eyes Eyebrows Eyelids Forehead oval. look at the description in Exercise 3c and answer Ute questions. raised. sticking-out. e. plump. Turn to page 147 and choose the parts to make a face from the " identikit pictures". 4 Writing ski lls a Complete this table with words and phrases from the lesson. Body language Unit? . Student A: Read your description to B. thin. Write as many ways of describing a face as you can. You will need to identify Uuee parts of the face. First. His/Her large. and slightly hooked at the end . full . with fairly thin lips. e Now swap roles and repeat Exercise 4d. His/Her mouth is wide. d [n pairs. large.3 Speaking ski lls a Look carefully at your classmates. The jaw and chin are strong. 1 What docs the first sentence describe? Why? Z Number the parts of the face in the order of the description: nose ears eyebrows forehead jaw/chin mouth/lips eyes 3 What other details about the face does the description give? 4 Which words does the writer use to modify the adjectives. Mel Gibson Nose Mouth Lips Ean. How many examples of the faces described in the article can you find? Are the descriptions accurate? Check with your classmates. Student B: Look at page 147 and identify the "face" that A describes. The eyebrows are very thick and bushy. The person's nose is long. thick. wide. pointed. 2. Discuss what the faces say about their characters. friendly. and the chin is quite prominent. see how good your description is. very? c You have witnessed a crime and you need to describe the offender to the police. narrow. Write a careful description of the face. light blue eyes are wide-set and quite heavylidded. b You are going to write a very detailed description of a face. He/She has quite long ears and has laughter lines at the corners of the eyes and between the nose and mouth. USEFUL LANGUAGE Do YOII think / Would you say thai you 're shy? How would you describe yourself? Do you think the descriptions ore accurate? b Look at the faces of famous people below. The hair is receding a little from the forehead. giving as much detail as you can . deep-set. c Now read this description of a famous person and match it with one of the faces. broad. one each from groups 1. and looks intelligent. and are low over the eyes. angular face. bloodshot. which is slightly wrinkled.

but she looks like a warm kind af persan." 3 a "Out of my way!" b "You're in trouble!" c "I'm terrified! " 4 a "I don't have any money!" b "I hate this place." c "I hate giving presentations. build I!:j' height !1 color I!:j' clothes character 0 posture 1!1 face 1!1 eyes 0 hair 0 expression ~ gestures voice 0 1!1 i!1 b Complete these notes about fi rst impressions. but not after look: They seemed to be interested in the house. Listen again to check if necessary.Body talk 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Look at the pictures of the six people. He/She looks like + noun phrase: He looks like a boss / an authoritalive person. She seems authoritative. We ljke Persall 2 most. but seem can describo behavior. " b "I really don't care. etc. USEFUL lANGUAGE He/She looks/seems + adjective: She seem. 3 Peop le use clothes to give an image of themselves." b "I'm feeli ng great." c ''I'm tired. She seemed sure oj the facts. look at the pictures of people. LANGUAGE NOTE The verb look describes only appearance. 2 There is a danger of stereotyping people but first impressions are often correct. We can use to be after seem. We often make up our minds about people on the basis of first impressions." c "That's great!" Listen to a body language expert ta lking about first impressions and check the aspects of a person's appearance that the expert mentions." c "I'm so nervous." c "Everything's okay!" 5 a "I don't know what to say." b " I can't wait to get away." 2 a "r know they respect me. c Do you agree or disagree with the statements in Exercise 3b? Why? / Why not? 1 Uni17 Body language . 4 The face is importan t but expression is more important . aggressive arrogant authori tative bored confident conten t easy-going edgy indifferent nervous relaxed superior threatening vain ® - 2 Speaking skills a In pairs.~ confident. Which one(s) would you like to meet? b List the reasons why you chose the perso n/people and discuss them with another pair. voice. 3 Listening skills c What do you think each person might be saying or thinking? Choose the best answer then discuss it with a partner. He looks velY pleasallt. 1 a " I don't like this. Choose adjectives to describe each one." 6 a "I really don't know. 5 One of the most important things in forming opinions is gesture." b "The interviewer looks sick.

you don't gwe people a chance! B Well. so we do hove to be careful. What about the face in oil lhis? B Well. In most countries rt moons "Everything'Sfine". or even thai th€. Answers: Students' answers may vary. Ask students to check the boxes for Exercise 3a. Elicit descriptions from the class. 2 Speaking skills Point out the Usefu l Language and Language Note boxes before asking students to choose and describe the person they would like to meet in Exercise 2a . How great a pori does it play in forming opinions about peop!e? B WeD.Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing Pronunciation intonation of feeling Ustening interview with an expert Speaking making inferences linkers expressing contrast personality about character Slar1lhe lesson by checking the meaning and pronunciation of the adjectives in exercise 1. Howev€!'. the more content and relaxed we are . Do Ihe first as ao example. Answers: According to the body language expert. but rt can also moon the figure zero. in some countries it is extremely rude! Sa you can imagine Ihe impresslon that might gwe . How imperlant is thot? B I think gesture is one of the most imporlant things in forming our opinion of peopie and responding to them . However.raising both shoulders. [The stress is on the first syllable of all the words listed. standing upright but relaxed with your hands 00 your hips gives a sense of being in control and authoritative. ag'gressive. of caurse. re'/axed. 4c. Ask students 10 listen and check their answers to exercise 2c. A Now. how about posture. when we storied talking. which corry stress on the se<:ond syllable. con'tent in'different.and irs so variable from country to country. there is a danger of st€!'ootyping people although you'd be amazed at haw often first impressions are correc1. of course thars imporlant. we form opinions about people on !he basis of first impressions. Then put students in pairs to think which words describe the other people. 6a Play the audio agai n. in which case ~ ploys a huge perl in forming opinions.{re nervous. 3b. their clothes.that can be very threatening. arms above their head th€'{re feeling grootl Similarly. but if that person is miserable and frowning. su'perior. ~ A Fran Mast€!'s. You can be ottracted to a beautiful face. the expression will create a great€!' impresslon. despite the person's beauty.you know . ~ suggests they think someone is siCk. You may need to play the audio agai n. so someone in smarl business clothes is likely to be authoritative. you're an expert on gesture.think of someone sitting with their legs extended. Ask students 10 work in pairs 10 complete the notes in Exercise 3b. The first thing we notice about people. But of course. I remember sitting next to someone on a plane who was dressed in black and she looked pretty somber. R ead the adjectives aloud modeling the correct stress. but expression is more imperlanl. imogine someone standing with their legs aporl and leaning forward . the following are the best answers from 2e: 1b. especiOlly if the person is also pointing aggressively . ou'thorifalive. Ask students in pairs to discuss Ule best answer in Exerc ise 2c . you know. she was roolly talkative and funny. and we often make up our minds.~ means trouble! A I see.for us it terlds to mean that the person is thinking. you've done a lot of work on the Imporlance of body language. ~ depends on your definition of body language. the way we carry ourselves. except for the following. is their physical appearance . A Okay.. However.how important are they? B Th€. formed by the thumb ond forefing€!'. how loll they are. - Body language T 72 Unit7 . Another example is the shrug . On the other hand. I think of rt as being everything about our appeorance. 2a. Put students in small grou ps to discuss tbe statements in Exercise 3e.{re imporlant because they're the first impression we get of how people choose to present themselves. ~ ~ 30'' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------.J Check understanding with questions like: Introduce the topic How can you describe someone who is always shouting of people? (aggressive1 How can you describe someone who thinks he or she is better than otherS? (arrogantl 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Ask students to look at picture 1. Husually means "I don't know: Finally. Elicit adjectives from tile box to describe the woman. Take stroking your chin . 5c (but b in some cultures). people may choose to give a different image of themselves. the following are likely: 1b 3 a or b 5 all 3 are possible 2 a ll 3 arc possible 4c 6 a or b 3 Listening ski lls Play the audio for Exercise 3a .their build. How imporlant is that? B £x!remely imporlanl. but for some nationalities. a classic example of a gesture we hove to be careful with is the "0" sign. A You mentioned clothes . A Isnl that a bi! dangerous? I mean. their color. Finally. The mare we extend and stretch ourselves.

322'-. Play the audio again for Exercise 5h..4 Grammar: lin kers expressing contras t After asking students to underline the linkers in the examples in Exercise 4a. later _ _ it altematM> 5 Pronunciation : intonation of feeling Play the audio for Exercise Sa. but I think we need to talk about your lost essoy_ This is wonderful . Ask students to match statements to feelings. With the correct intonation.. You say thot og<lin ond you1t be SOfry! Mmm . he/she . or connectors. This is owful . just listen. the dialogues can be very funny.. Then ask one or two individuals to repeat. This is awful. Students tend to forgel of in in spite of. End this part of the lesson by getting students to ta lk in groups about mistaken first impressions in Exercise 4d. angry!. Help students prepare to speak about mistaken first impressions by writing some sentence starters on the board. Each type follows different form rules. Then ask a few pairs to oct out their dialogues for the closs. I'm not really sure. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. I can't wait for the interviC'N to be over.ite IRQ!! I~Q!j tired. Write the following words in a list on the board: No Movies Yes Oh Homework Tonight Why not When Parents Tell students in pairs that they con put the words (but only these wordsl in any order to make a dialogue. Quick grammar guide: linkers Contrast linkers. Can Ilhink aboul it 0 liltle bit? I'm sorry. This is wonderful.. 'Nhich con be difficult for students to remember. the more extreme the intonation pottern is going to be.. elicit rules from them. he/she__ Although he/she~ he/she_. lJesf. the chair is so comfortable ond reloxing. Mmm . so irs Important to get students to exaggerate the wa>f the expressions are soid when they imitate the recording. Intonation is the 'music' of a language -the way the tone of our voice is used to express emotion and carry meaning. neverlheles$ or prepositions or prepositional phrases lin spite of. Tone range in English is very wide.. 2 3 4 5 6 Now. BosKally. I 2 3 q 5 6 Now. Give students time to practice their dialogues. . Encourage students to exaggerate when they mimic the strong intonation potterns of the speakers. using the expressions in Exercise 5d. etc. I'm sorry. when I got to know him/her. can toke several forms: they can be subordinoting conjunctions fa/though. despite!.. I'm not really sure. Read through the Grammar Summary on page 78 with students before asking them to complete the sentences in Exercise 4b. {however. and there's my new boyfriend.. However. I went out iR spile R'W headoche. . Ask students to choose the correct linker in Exercise 4c and check with a partner. Ask students to match statements to pictures. End this Pllrt of the lesson by putting students in pairs to practice speaking with feeling.. When I first met he/she seemed . this is great. adverbs. Pause after each statement and ask the class to repeat.. Addffional activity Ploy this papular intonation game. just listen..).. I went to the party. using longuoge from the lesson. At first. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class.. this is great. the stronger the emotion (enthusiastic.--.. Common problems and 8ITOfS Students often translate directly from their own language and confuse the form rules. Unit 7 T 73 Body language .

linkers as possible. this is great. and there's my new but even though in spite of boyfriend. . Try to remember an example and make notes. a) serious l[) bl enthusiastic III cl relaxed f!) 1 ~ I Despite I thought she was going to be dl ansry [) eJ uncertain 11) 0 miserable lit a very boring person.. 5 1 Mark proved to be very reliable 4 I'm /J o t really sure. in fac t she was a lot of fun to_be with. I can't wait for the interview to be over. she was rea lly chatty and fun ny. 2 his laic arrival for the interview. talk about the situat ion and contrast your first impressions with your final impreSSions. just listen. let's go.. .. Read the notes in the Grammar 1 No w. d In pairs. Use the linkers fro m the be sorry! 3 examples and these: 2 Mm m . You say that again and you'll Summary on pago 76 fi rst. Expressions 6 Somo paronts can be vory strict and fonnal with I really don '/ k no w. ~ b Listen aga in and match the statements with these feelings. he proved to be very reliable. separatt. 1 There is a danger of stereotyping people. Try to copy tho feelings. the expression will create the greater • . even though fin ding some people very u lendly.'ti by a comma ~ a Listen to six statements and match them with the b Complete each sentence below with as many people in the pictures. 4 Student 8 : Listen and say which feeli ng A is ex pressing.. ~ c Listen and repeat the first few words of each 2 €Spite EJ I However his serious appearance.. but I think we need to talk about 2 Mark proved to be very reliable despitelin spite of your last essay.. separated by a comma 2 . . theiT chi ldren. 5 We try to mako everyone welcome ·n spite 0 Then SWAP ro les. 1 nevertheless though 3 This is o wf ul .4 4 Grammar: linkers ex pressing contrast a Read the examples from the interview and underline the linkers thai express contrast. love their children as much as less !onnal parents. In groups.ing. comfortable and relaxing. Body Ionguoge Unit7 . practice speaking with feeling. sho looked rather somber. followed 5 PronunCIatIon : mtonati on of feehng by noun or . Can J think about it a little although/even thoughlthough he arrived at the bit ? 6 interview an hour late! 5 I'm sorry. 6 This is wonderf ul . How are YOII ? And what 's next ? d Most of us have made a mistake at some point Come on. . 3 Student A: Say any of the short expressions below with one of the feelings in Exercise 5b. although you'd be amazed at how often firs t impressions are correct. 4 HoweverlNeverthelcss ... followed by a comma 3 . c Choose the correct linker in these sentences.. the chair is so 3 Mark arrived an hour late for his interview. precedes second sentence after a period . However. when judging a person. he statement. joins two clauses. despite the person's beauty.. Even though I€ verthele-mthey Really.. impression..

in Venezuela and Was li~k~~ol. y transPOrtation Without a ticket. Write them next to these rules for using -ing verbs. by calling.s. decide if they are honest people.Dishonesty 1 Speaking skills a Are you a good judge of character? Wo uld you trust these people? In pairs.e was born and 80s. We use the . Unit7 Body language . 1 I'm not interested in wasting time _ _ . I Work ~ CaJUI1l n sick now and th en. copying 3 after prepositions: by ty:.g. agree strongly:: 4 agree:: . e propaganda c How honest are you? Decide whether you agree or disagree with the statements below.. b Complete these sentences with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other words necessary.l!!!&. c In pairs. then add up your score and read the analysis on page 149.. the e-malls intended fo other pe . Telling lies can be serious. a Cash machine. 4 I really enjoy _ _ on the weekend in the winter.ng. honest are YOUl How 2 5' 3 6" 4 7 8 J think / J believe stealing is wrong. exaggerating 2 as the object of the sentence and after some verbs: ~ng. ~aggeratln. I'd try to get a jab & ve saved money !. by traveling. r op e In my family.J not sure:: 1 disagree:: I d'sagree strongly:: 0 ) ' enjoy. a story to make It more Interesting ISn't dishonest.. 3 I would never admit to _ _ to my boss or my teacher. an She Was executed in 2002 Number 1 is Bonnie P k committed bank rabbe . about my inthepasth qua. Number 3 is Uich Ram' also known as Corlos th lrex Sanchez. H.07uO's \l Number 4 is Jose h G b propaganda minister i~ N ~ bels. or er. !eavinj" Out informatIon from WoUldn't admtt Your income tal( f nOrmal _ orm Is !!" receivf~ too mUch everYOne money from does it. 5 _ _ is not very good for you if you suffer from high cholesterol. b Read about the people and check how good a judge of character you are! the U S d ' h nes and murders in Clyd~ Barr~:9 t e ) 930s with her paOner Americon. discuss your responses to the statements in Exercise l c. who Number 2 is Aileen W seYen men . who murdered al~:s~os.::!ake extra vacation is dishonest. to receiving. Give reasons for your response.eaYI:I1. 2 is the best form of exercise for allaround fi tness . J disagree with cheating. terrorist activities in Europe in the ol'9.Hlcations on m traveli"J'. I don·t think COPr'ng my classmates' Work for aSSignments .ing verb a Look at the statements in Exercise 1c and underline tbe -ing verbs.ing verb: 1 as the subject of the sentence: t. Hitler's master of the · big lie" _ th aZI Germany and 2 Grammar: the .readin&. 6 I've always hated people _ _ when they're not my parents or my boss. I said "agree" for Number 1 because I reod my husband's e-m ail. on publJc resume. Then compare your answers with a partner. USEFUL LANGUAGE about Jews.. I don't think reading other people's e-mails is serious when you share a computer with them because they know it might happen.

write some of these errors on the board ond elicit corrections. As students discuss the questionnaire. a nervous smile. to murder = to kill a person 10 commit a crime/murder/robbery = to "do" a crime a murderer = someone who kills a person a bank robber = someone who takes money from 0 bank a terrorist = someone who kills people using bombs. end this part by getting students to discuss Ute questionnaire in exercise Ic in pairs. Afterwards. elicit answers from the class and ask why students thought the people were honest or dishonest Ifor example: He/She lias worlll eyes. 2 Grammar: the -ing verb Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 2a in pairs before checking the rules as a class. At the end of the activity. Answers will vary. a role-ploy Write on the board: Introduce the 10pic tell the truth tell a lie tell a white lie Ask Are you an honest person? Do you always tell the truth? In what situations should you never lie? In what situations is lying acceptable? 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to briefly discuss the pictures in Exercise la . point out the Useful Language box. Also. _bock Body language T 74 Unit 7 . Encourage students to use .). o questionnaire Speaking discussing a moral dilemma. Answers will vary. monitoring and noting mistakes made involving Coneclion -ing verbs. You may wish to check students' understanding of the "crime" vocabulary in the text.Objectives Grammar the -ing verb Topic: being honest or dishonest Reading a short story. for political reasons to be executed = to be killed by the state for committing a crime •• Vocabulary check Ask students to do the quiz ill Exercise Ic individually and then chock their answers in pairs or groups. etc.ing verbs when they speak. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 2b and then check in pairs. etc. In Exercise 2c. go oround the room. Ask students to road the short texts in Exercise lb and check their answers.

Then put them in small groups to discuss their answers. but. Building . Remind students that tbey have to come to a decision about what to do about the site. have students work individually to find the answers to these questions. Answers: 1 A consultant 2 He felt he was charging a company an exorbitant fee. Write the roles on the board. Answers to Exercise 3c will be individual. 4 Speaking skills Ask students to read the newspaper extract in Exercise 4a and in pairs make a list of possible opinions. Give a time limit of. I see your point.a responsibility to earn. In Exercise 3b. Encourage students to discuss their answers with a new partner.ti 3 Reading skills Give students a couple of minutes to fead and think about the questions in Exercise 3a. would be . Presentation altemative Write some useful language on the board to help students with the role-ploy: I think / I believe we should. eight minutes.. Monitor and help with vocabulary. Ask students to list the opinions of their "character" in note form and add any from exercise 4a . After students complete Exercise 3d. ask them to discuss the site. Then match one pair with another to form a grou p of four to do the role-play in Exercise 4b. Remind students about the Glossary. . say. Unit 7 T 75 Body language . When the students are ready. ask them to look at page 146 and read their role card carefully. Surely it's beller to / important to . ask the class whether the minister's advice was the same as their advice. and then ask them to check their answers with a partner. 3 He didn't know whether he should be honest and resign or not. 4 He felt a responsibility to his family . and ask each student in each group to choose one: A local resident 8 social worker C member of local Chamber of Commerce o local doctor When students have selected their role.

Be honest! 1 When you need someone to talk to. the notoriOUS The fate of d in the Las \ t onan vacant p o . expec . evaluating the operating of a fail ing company in Bangor. Come to a decision about the site. the consultants were to determine the reasons fo r the losses of the comp. consIdering the moral implications of your decision. wanted. a man knocked on the door of a minister late at night. increastng\y have become rnptY plot dasthce • conccrne attracting drug has been eleSS people. going to be di tflCt 1S EstfeUas s '" evening at decided tOIUorro\ '"" hall. The rn and all are tomorrow evetUJlg wel corne . 4 Speaking skills a Look at the newspaper extract. . answer these questions.3 Reading skills a Before you read. yearS ago. I am convinced that we are charging this company a n exorbitant fcc far beyond its power to absorb and far beyond the proper charge for the services we arc rendering. ceun . discuss these questions.my. For a fcc of $25. discuss what you think might be the opinions of the poople who live near the land." he said. Do I have the right to renounce a good salary and impose hardships on my fa mily until I get another job?" GLOSSARY delermine find oul absorb (here) pay without finding illoo difficult render a service give/offer 8 service b In groups of four." H e was on a first assignment with a wcll~kJl ow n consulting firm in New York City. H e said. b met With te d to be a1 residents. Your teacher will give you roles from p~gc ~4G. The . imagine you are al the meeting.3" h ostilitY . " I worked for months to get this job. . In pairs. look at the bottom of the page. But.000. and to chart a way to profits. I need someone to talk to. who do you turn to? 2 Would you resign from a job if you had to do something you believed was wrong? 3 Would you resign from Ihal job if you and your family needed the money? II Read tho story on the right and answer the questions below. Body language Unit . though it's easy to see many faults in its operation and cite remedies. in the Cl~J e a n'lC eung tY since fir d h as been ern:P 'wl t\\lO \ an the old hoSP1 destroyed _1 residents and \oC<u . homeless. g star ts at . {row \oc 6. d hom . Maine. " It's just what S 3 What wns his moral dilemma? 4 How did his fa mily affect the moral dilemma? c In pairs. " I've been walking up and down the street wondering if I should disturb you. addiCts an for the site IS ntn\an . 's The cur r e l' the CItY uild a hostel for a1 is to b ut this propOs . Should I resign and tell the board of the company how I feci? My responsibility to my family disturbs me. 1 How do you think the minister responded to the man's request? 2 What would you have advised the man to do? 3 What do you think the man did in the r end? d To find out how the story ends. 1 What was the man's job? 2 What was the problem he perceived with h is job? A Moral Dilemma everal years ago in Bangor.

..ti°C:t~on. On the basis of appearance alone.l ( what Y ffectiveness is vocal (voice). and to help us ra ise the funds necessary to continue our research..\ne ds ro. k eep betWeen tWO llUU tun. percent nonverbal COJOlll~k the connection dewrro. He/She looks I looks like . W e are looking for people with a creative streak and lots of imaginatio n.. rson's co:aununica.ng and verba.~ .- 1 Warm u p a Read tho toxt below. The ideol candidates will be commiHed to ecological and green issues and will be passionate and enthusiastic when dealing with both the public and with other organizations.Rainforest ~Research Rainforest research is looking for experienced fund raisers to ioin our team! We need highly motivated people to raise public awareness of the problems faci ng rainforests today. Your interpersonal skills will be essential in establishing a rela tionship with potential donors.::.wing the interview room. Moreover. 1 What do you th ink the people are like? He's/She's the kind of person who . list the qualities and skills necessary for n tho job advortised.. Unit 7 Body longuoge . w ho will be able to think of and manage original but successful fundraisi ng projects.bOut y o xt tune you're on an dra. would you discount any oftha applicants in the pichlres? c L pairs. . people eVal uate one ual (appearance) . AbOut 93 another usi.'~: even gotten to in u before conclusions a. studY. 2 What can yo u guess about their past? He/She m ightlcouJd have . the first Of::: the first 30 S~~le when they roe et :~t"View. b Read the ad for a fundraiser..~dO :~:t~~e interviewer JIly~.a.g to one UCLA. the "Three Vs"': visaU say) . then answer the questions.ke or bres. What can you guess about the people in the pictures? ACCOr ()1D. What would you say about those aspect s? appearance nonverbal communication oyo contact han dshake backgrou nd oducati onallovel commun ication skills confidence voice Candidates will ideally have experience in working for a charity. but trai ning will be provided.

She's shy. Louise is the lcind of person who likes to be friendly and helpfu l. perhaps arrogant. prepare what you won/lo say. She may have worked in public relations. arrive on time. finn Background : well-traveled. be polile. Then put students in pairs to list qualities and skills under the headings in Exercise l c. She looks confiden t and easy-going. Ho might have worked for a high-powered company. e ncourage lots ofspccullllion. enthusiastic Non-verbal communication: good posture: confident manner Eye contact: need to be good at making eye contact. 1 Warm up Ask studonts to do Exercise 1a in pairs. smiling eyes Handshake: strong. smile. Some possible answers ore: licil dress smartly. Possible list: Appearance: smart casual. CVs. smiling. Ask If you wont 10 make 0 good impression of a job interview. positive •• Bodylonguoge T 76 Unil7 . friendly.Objectives Grammar Topic: interviews Reading dedudion and possibility in job ods. Ask students to read the ad in Exercise l b and discuss the question . warm. the post. Suggested answers: Matthew is tho kind of person who doesn't like people to be late. Anna is the kind of person who is very quiet at parties. make eye conlad. be enthusiastiC: be positive. As students report their answers to the class . He looks like a movie star. wear a suit. She might not have been to a job interview before. enthusiastic. Ho looks confident. Monitor and help with ideas.but not overly so (arrogant) Voice: clear. need to have worked with people: an interest and knowledge of environmental issues Educational level: well-educated but no need to be very intelligent Communication skills: need to be very good Confidence: h igh . making a presentation Write on the boord: A job interview. whol is il importonllo do? Introduce the topic E answers and write a lisl on the boord. the passive interviewers' notes Ustening an interview ponel Speaking assessing candidates.

When students are ready. B No . liked travel potential Louise pleasant manner .nice smile. Ask students to refer back to tho list they made in exercise l e.her 0 eye conlOO wos bod. 3 Prepare Ask students to remain in the same small groups and follow the instructions to propare for the group presentation. well he sold he likes a challenge . Play the audio again. B Me. A So. she should learn that in a couple of weeks. Go around monitoring and noting any mistakes for later discussion. ~'-----------------~----~~--------------------------------------. I think we should get her bock for a SC(ond interview. End the lesson by discussing the questions in Exercise 6b . make sure students understand that debriefing means finding out information about a past action or event. good experience in fundroising and managing money . relevant.so he might hove thought at first tho! the job didn't offer enough challenges. degree is right Matthew likes a challengo.nico smile. who! did yoo think of Anno? ""'good' A Well. Okay. A Good ideo. and irs what we need. not excited about the job Elicit answers from the class before asking students for their own opinion. I dOll't think we can management experieoce may hove been B Yes. I think thars her manner. Rnonciol planning is key! We hove 10 hove someone who coo do thot! A Well. financ ial planning.. Well. but then he improved during the interview. I didn't think she was 100 confident.. TeU the interviewers to briefly list the points they wish to make to each candidate. Answer: They offer Matthew a job and ask Louise to come back for a second in terview. thors one job filled. look. too. maybe? And her Quolificalioos oren1 exactly relevant. buI it isn1 really. we'd better look at the three candidates hove hod some personal problems or B Yeah. maybe? qualifications not exactly relevant Against Greenpeace job more office work than this job. Ncm. I wonder why she hod those two years out from 2000 to 2002. though her degree is exoctly right.2 Task Divide students into groups of four to read the infonnation. and tho! ki'ld of thing. Ask students to listen and note the outcome. A I agree. Okay. She'd be good at the personal side of the job. she really needs 1 wort. kept looking over my shoulder. I think we should offer him one of the jobs. if we send her on a training course.tlen we talked oboullhe travel potef1lial.rtywaoJ.. theater management experience not relevant: a little too confi dent . she kept looking over my shoulder. Go around the class. good eye cootOCf. Her interpersoool skills orenl really good enough. sending her on a course should help. When eliciting answers from the class. B No. She's got a very pIecsont manner . on interesting guy. Now. r r Unil7 T 77 Body language . NIaIIhew .. Answers: For Anna experience in fundra ising and managing money. let's do thot. 6 Follow up Before dividing the class into groups of fi ve for Exercise 6a. Have students listen and make notes. A No. discuss i t. he did. possible personal problems at first seemed a bit indi fferent.she WOSfi't really right fOI' '"""'" ""'. Wei.and he must hove hod plenty of those in advertising . I thought at first he seemed a bit indifferent. interpersonal skills aren't really good enough. A A liII1e 100 confident. would be good at the personal side of the job. you know. usually by questioning someone thoroughly. finonciol planning. B True. she lacks a key skill. in Exercise 5c. on those . A Yes. helping with vocabulary and ideas. B Yes. I do. she didn't wont 10 tell us. eye contact was bad. gel 0 better ideo of how QUickiy she might pick up the financial side. Ask students to copy the table in Exercise sb into their notebooks. something. B Mmm. Ihe "". let's go and tell them the news . although Anna hod the key experience and skills. and that kind of thing. Subdivide the groups and allow the two interviewers and three interviewees five minutes to prepare. Do you? A Yes. She might I liked him. Encourage the interviewers to be diplomatic in what thoy say. Start the role-play. I thought 01first that her theater we've interviewed today. He gol more interesled v. at first I lhought louise would hove beerl ideal buI she locks a key skiI. good eye contact. ask them to sit a circle of five . and from whol Anno said. with tho interviewers faci ng the candidates. 4 Feedback Pair up groups. il ~ 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. find out which candidates students would recommend and why. and make notes. not excited obout the job.. the Greenpeoce job mUSl hove involved more office work thon our job. Ask the chairperson of each group to prescnt their ideas to the other group. /Jo.she must hove done exactly whot we wonl in the Greenpeoce iOb .

discuss these questions. re Louise Jj. there is more than one job. Aga inst c Did you agree with the docisions ofthe interviewers in Exercise Sa? 6 Follow up 2 Task You are going to present your assessment of the best candidate for the job. read the information above and make notes about each candidate. In groups. then give the resu lt of the interview to each candidate in tum and tell them why they got I didn 't get the job. by skill. What is tho outcome of their discussion? ~ b Listen again and note the points made for and against each candidate.) 4 Appoint a chairperson to take notes for the presentation. Then Iislen to their presentation. Candidates: Talk 10 each olber about how the interview went fo r you. Ce rtificate in The ~ sutant) f~_ • Mana ater Management Interviewers' notes ger. etc?) 2 What language will you need to compare the candidates? 3 What are your final recommendations? (Remember. f Maryland (Environmental UniversIty 0 Studies) . Anna.2006 xperie nce : '- . Lyric Theater 4 Feedback Present your analysis and recommendations to another group. Anna Matthew Louise Fo.2002 2003-2004 Work experience 2004-2006 Qualifications I~& ~~ ~ in Media Studies . then respond to the interviewers when they are ta lking to you. Interviewers: Prepare your feedback for each candidate.U. 1 How did you feel about tho debriefing meeting? Z After the debriefing meeting. When they are talking to the other candidates. Do you agree with their recommendations? Can you add anything? 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people discussing the candidates after the interviews.1998 1998-200 0 work 2002. G enpeace Fundralser. and Louise. Would you recommend each one or not? 3 Prepare In your groups.Matthew Candidate information Anna 'ucation 1995. experience. Matthew. b In the whole class. a You are going to hold the debriefi ng meetings with the three candidates. Think about the fo llowing: 1 How will you arrange your presentation? (by candidate. . would you change any of the decisions? Body language Unit 7 . prepare a three·minute presentation of your recommendations 10 presenl 10 other groups. Harden BiochemiCals Research assIstant . Work in groups of five and take these roles: the two interviewers. listen and offer advice afterwards.

LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Linkers for contrast The lable below Shows a number of ways in which we can compare and contrast two ideas. Write or talk about the contrasts in your life. U. before the main vern: cheerlul deprossed extroverted Introverted outgoing quiet Studying hard is the only way to pass the exam.happy • after the following common verbs: like. 'M3 separate the clauses 'Mth a rorrvna. 1 an angular face 6 7 hewy e)!elids 2 a promineflt 3 full D21!fl a high fo r ehead lins l ips 4 buShy eyebro ws • 9 10 bloodshot a poijnted sticking-out e)!e!. Vocabulary Summary 1 The face We often. she didn't get the Pb.! chin 3 I don'! earn much money.'ed by a noun oc-ing form of the verb. though. prepositions: follov. we finished it in time. It sam-colon. 2 _ _ is the ideal way 1 learn a foreign language. 1 _ _ is the best way to be successful in your career. dislike. makes the maln idea surprising He got the job in spite of / despite his long hair. 5 thin . with little change to the sentence: We often judge people by appearances but/ though some people may not be happy about this. 4 One thing I enjOy doing in my free time is _ _ " 5 Vv'hen I have enough money. i"lO'Nev€r". enjoy. despite Introduce a second idea thai It was a very difficult job. . however.gy untrustworth y outgoi ng rel axed {Iuick . Followed by a comma.. Complete these sentences with your own words. 2 I enjoy my work/studies althOugh . Note: in American English we can also use to + infinitive after like and hate: I hate to be late.XpI'isi"lg Fonn Example SLtJordilating c:orlu1ctkxls: join a mail clause arx:l a subordinate clause. 1 In spite of being a good student at school. hate.. although. despite is fl'lOI'e formal than in spite of. sane people are not happy 800ut this. . """ though intrOduce a second idea thai makes the mai"I idea SI. Reading lots of books is the best way to ~ demanding edgy intelligent optimistic quick-thinking slow-witted arrogant aggressive bad-tempered calm coofident conl ent dishonest easy-going honest indifferent . suggest. 4 AlthOugh I am not an expert in computers. Compare with a partner and explain your choices. INhen the ~te clause comes first. In spite of I despite having long hair. I look forward to _ _ " Choose three adjectives which describe you and three which are not like you at all. miss. ~ 2 Personality adjectives academic athletic changeable active authoritative 2 The -in9 verb We use the -ing verb in the fOllOwing ways: • as the subtect of the sentence. Complete these statements with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other necessary words.". However/Nevertheless. We can use a variety of forms of contrast. he £Ptthe job. . d91y. Complete this table with one adjective with a similar meaning to the one provided. I in spite of some people not being happy about this. ". pessimistic neM>US team new • as the complement or object after some verbs: Yotx WOfSt habit is lying to me! I really hate rushing to finish assignments.. The Slbor'dnate clause can come frst or second h the sentence. arn::! one with an opposite meaning. cI"Wl ears eyebrows eyelids eyes face forehead lips mou1h """ Make combinations of these adjectives and a noun from the list above.x:Jge people by appearances. She didn't get the Pb even IflcxJgh she had the ng. We often judge people by appearances in spite of the fact that some people are not happy about this.. VV'hen the subordinate Clause comes first. we separate the clauses with a comma. Unit7 Body language . was a very difficult job. . 0 3 _ _ Is important if you ' <i. add an idea thai makes a previously mentioned idea surprising or less true in spite of.I<Wfications.t qualifications. mind. we finished it in time. Nevertheless. keep.thinking 2 dishonest honest introverted demanding slow·wilted 3 extroverted 4 easy-going 5 intelligent want to lead a good life in my country. advertls: precede a second sentence: usucilly after a period but can be after a AlthOugh she had the right Qt. Adjective t ne<VOUS -- prodictabIe Shy threatening untrustworthy """""" su"""' "'" Similar meaning Opposite meaning oa1~ • after a preposition: He apologized for being late for tile Interview. avoid.

It is in red because it is frequently used..Yn in this dictionary? in italic 3 Rewrite these senteoces USilg a form Of the verb face.. I<J<] REVIEW Review your actio n pla n: writing an interes ting s tory In pairs.C~~~P~~~%~~:.ing form Pronunciation 1 \'Vhich is the stressed syllable in faceless? fa ce 2 PtvasaI verbs are made of a verb plus one or two prepositions and adverbs.. idioms or phrases.h Wit. Put this list into the order thai they appear in the dictionary: compound nouns.gth: c~on'1'e work. ~. . it's time to get startedl You are going to work on the word face. you shoukl be working with an effective monolingual dictionary. spd/.~. General organization face} I retsl verb *** 5 compete against sb + PHRASES + PHRASAl VERB -J L. or have never worked with one. phrasal verbs. w~llfi~cec°Campepte/agfiamst someone: Williams ria I or the title !A~] ~yat~c~~~~itt~ ~~~~n:~tion to have your face or front toward omeone or something' The two m fh~~~~he. Italy will face Brazil in Lhe final of tlie World Cup. look at the stress in the phrasal verb in the extract.U L. g>ed Joy <>pJ. ~e do . . lilT] i::t 2 Is the p/YasaI verb face up to transitive or intransitive? transitive 3 WtJch two forms can follow can 't face? noun. The three red stars mean thai it is one of the 2. vefbs or the prepositiorv'adverb? the preposition 3 Think about stress and say this sentence: Face up to your responsibilities Your action pla n: exploring idioms and compounds Look at the entry for eye and the compound entries that follow it on page 157 al the back of your book and complete the task on page 156. Now answer the questions that follow the extract. phrases. Then discuss these questions. Note: you will need to show these notes to a classmale at the end of Unit 8.500 most frequently used words in the English language. if you don't study. ~ o > o Cl. compound nouns 3 How many p/vasaI verbs are listed undef the headword face? one Meaning 1 How many definitions are given for faceIfft? two 2 How are examples sho\. I fels.hftl noun [Cj 1 a medical operation to make someone's face look younge~ 2 work that is done to make someth¥lg look more attractive ay.54~. • face doin th M e P10spect workers faa! losin~ ~heir of the shipyard .e".Macross thfie ta·ble. Is the main stress on the fr.he S ~~~~~~I~i?§~~:}t~~nt~ ':t"Jn~~: ~~ omg 5th I just exists fact that she still miss~ h' had to face the 4 [T] to talk to someone Wh~~tn . How many definitions of this verb are thefe? five 2 Each headwooj is followed by a number of different categories of words. list all the ways a dictionary can help you.z Z (!) Using a monolingual dictionary 1 How a dictionary can help you a In grouPS."i/ . ace conference.f. tf ' fi .u~~~1.U 1 be turned to 2 deal with problem 3 accept 4 talk to sb 1 look al the headword for the verb face. exchange and rBad your partner's anecdote. Grammar 1 What part of speectl is the 'NOId faceless? adjective left it 'until t~~d':z~~ic:. look at the headword face. phrasal verbs.. • I turn:~ {~%~e 2 .t a large organization ecause they ace.h~Bon~. you 'll fail the exam. 3: fa~~t·~~~~r~l~s:nar~~i~~~~l~St person does f repr:sen.~:~h. ~ b Look at the dictionary entries 00 page 154 and see if you can add anything to the group's lisl. Iby sth of war. can t ace attending another let's fac~ it spoken used before saying somethmg that people might not want t ~J~. a You have to accept that if you don't study.1m -nd . c I want an apartment that looks onto a park I want an apartment that faces the park. you'll fail the exam.' y room aces north [T] if you face a problem or if it Ii you have to deal with it" be f d ~hes YOU. A ~ can. b Italy will have to play against Brazil in the final of the World Cup.hft. § ~ IX . Let's face it.. %~re:gb~rr~~sing: I'll never be ablelStg:~ult 5 T t am GJ ter what happened. hdp ""' ckd.>UU"i/1P'Y 1 'Nhal did you think about the anecdote? 2 Ive there arTf questions you want to ask about the story? 3 can you make My suggestions 10 rnprove it? O~ ". The COuntry is now faced Withc.~d' ~:tyO~~ it is true: Let's face it. Body language Unit7 . 2 Using a monolingual dictionary At this level of English. If you aren't working with one.

.it hasn' t been specially set up by the photographer. was now funning lor the tope knowing 1had hit my limit.had dreamed about for years. It's a a Th e~e are the captions that accompanied the photographs. Cae crosses the line to toke the 1500m gold . the great SPOrts' erb If/ustrated h t t p a ographer was there 00 ~ he's the one that you can ~ behind the champion's legs. .it did take five or six players to take him out! He was a mesmerizing player and what the photographer has done is capture that perfectly.The great picture shaw What makes a great sports picture? In 2003.. ® There's © '--' The moment the world 01 athletics 'NOS Mood upsid e down. not a great story behind this Picture. It all happened so fast I loved shooting this man h . movement. defeat. The more popular place to go for in big games is at ground level. I'm not sure which is the best picture. I've just been out to MIChigan to shoot him again. victory. Which is the most popular picture in your group/class? 2 Reading skills What I love about the picture is that the phOtographer has gone up high into the stands. .. Among thelT choices were these three pictures. !he fovorite fOf tt . ~ . 2 3 11 captures 4 It i s spontaneous . bul . It was such a bloody marvelous leliel. picture that sums up this great player beautifully . Justify your preferences w ith reference to the quaht\es III the text. the Moscow OlympiCS. But this time 0 was beaten by Sebastian Cae: -I couldn't see Steve.. the essence of a great competitor : deter mined.the race Cae .aVOrlte subiect Such a WOnderful I· A lew meters post the line I sonk to my knees. ecstasy. Read each captIon and match it with the correct picture.. h~ . picture. co~pare your answers.- GLOSSARY mesmerizing very attractive. th iS shot.. ' ewasmy . all of which illustrate qualities thot make a great sports picture.more than iust a great sports picture. 1 B ~ It captures a great event: action. a Look at the text and the pictures. The onxiety over the lost meters wos unbeorob! h~m~n being. 1 Speaking skills USEFUL LANGUAGE Whot I like about this picture is ' 0' f don't know why llike 1M!. b In group. Which picture do you think is the best? Number them in order of preferonceand note your masons. S It is timeless . reporters on the UK Observer newspaper ch~se the 50 best sports photographs of aU time.s . fearless . Steve Ovett. Herb actually had first choice of seats was a bit annoyed when I got so I 500m had already won the 800m gold . And he's got a dean background. It was a normal fight H Scharfma n. causing you to watch UnitS Sports . the race for the finishing line. The expressions on their faces and the fact that they aU look as thOugh they are about to run off in different directions is wonderful. It captures a mo ment af great emo tio n: rage.

Objectives Grammar Topic: sports Vocabulary Reading noun clouses using whquestion words track and field extracts from a sports magazine Speaking ronking photographs according to criteria Write Olympic Sports on the boord. Draw their attention to tho Useful Language box. T hen compile a closs lisl on the board..the moment of winning . 1 Speaking skills Ask studen ts to look at the pictures. A~ernolively. rage = extreme anger ecstasy = extreme happiness determined '" really wonting to win/succeed fearless". The photographer has captured a brief momenl.and he beats his great rival and teammate Sieve Ovett. Presentot. Afterwords. Answers: A The soccer picture: Diego Maradona of Argentina fa ces the lJelgian defonse in the semi-fi nal of the World Cup in 1986. Introduce !he topic . name the sport. S ports T 80 Unit8 . It is a good idea to model the task first.. not afraid Vocabulary check Z Reading skil ls Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a quickly. so you cou ld road it aloud while students listen and read. The lext is short.give them two minutes to do it. Then div ide students into groups of four to six to discuss their proforonc(ls in Exercise l b. put students in pairs 10 write their own lisl. Ask students which sports they enjoy playing or watching and why. C The ath letics (track and fiel d) picture: Sebastian Cae ofC reat Britain wins tho l S00-meter gold medal at the Moscow Olympics in 1980 . H Tho boxi ng picture: Muhammed Ali knocks oul an opponent. and lell you what is happening or has just happoned in each picture.. Elicit as many sports as you con from students and write them on the board. Give students a one' minute time limit to do this. In other words.on alternative You may need to check if students understand some difficult words connected with emotions and qualities. choose a pidure and describe it: What/like about this picture is it /s spontaneous. ask the class which words helped thorn answer the question. They should scan each text for clues as to which pict ure it describes. Give students two minutes to rank the pictures in order of proference for Exercise 10.

Ask them to work indiv idually and then compare their answers with a partner. We use noun clauses as subjects when we want to emphasize them . What/like about soccer is that the players are so skillful. A good way to manage this activity is to leave them to work through the activities at their own speed. For example. take . . then answer the questions. clauses Have students do Exercise 3b in the same way. ca n be confusing for students because (unlike yes/no questionsl there is no inversion or use of question-forming auxiliaries after the question word. Unit 8 T 81 Sports . I'd like to know R9W €lees f::Ie play so wel/... Presentation 0_ •• Ask students to complete Exercise 3d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. for example: What/like about soccer is the ball skills. Oul must be a phrasal verb. Have them appoint one person as the timekeeper for the group. For example. Do the first sentence in exercise 3d as an example. Then ask them to use other neighboring words to help them decide what the words might mean.. with an overall lime limit of ten minutes. So. Answers: Here the noun clauses are subjects. Those who finish early will have longer to do the discussion in exercise 4d. or by that + a clause (= subject + verb + object).Ask students to match the captions to the phrases in Exercise 2b. out must mean defeat or stop. briefly check the groups' answers. 4 Vocabulary: track and field Have students work in pairs or groups of three or four to do Exercises 4a to 4d. Noun clauses. in Exercise 3a. five or six players are needed 10 do this. Let students work in pairs. Common PfOb'ems and errors Students often attempt to apply question forms 10 Ihe clauses. Guessing meaning from context Ask students to work out what port of speech the word or phrase is. 4 at the end of my physical reserves. At the end. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2c. beginning with a question word. then check their answers with the Grammar Summary on page 88. Nobody knows WRI' i5 Re so good. Suggested answers: 1 stop him. 5 an excessive amount t ·· a Quick grammar guide: noun 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) Have students underline the noun clauses. 3 the fi nishing line. take . Point out that is needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase. 2 photograph.

.htlift ill8 the javelin Person swimmer longlwnper his!Lj ume. 7 What attracts me to watching sports on television is . Figu re out what they mean from the context. 2 high jump : a fl ea can jump 100 centimeters high . C c Find the following words or expressions in Exercise 2a. how. 2 Herb couldn 't understand how I got such a good shot. d Complete these sente nces with your own words. d What makes a great athlete? In pairs. 5 weightlifting : a real ly strong man can li ft twice his own weight. 13...! diving wei&. 6 It always amazes me in big soccer or football games how . C 3 an unusual perspective for a picture A 4 movement A .. 3 Lot me tell you why .. at a speed of up to 46 kilometers an hour. why b Are the noun clauses the subject or the object of the sentence? the object b Now look at these sentences from the captions a nd underline the noun clause... e Com pare your ideas with the rest of the class. 2.er sprinter diver weightlifter javelin thrower 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) a Look at these quotes describing tho pictures . c Check your answers in the Gra mmar Summary on page 88. is my fa vorite sport : 4 What I really like Idon't like about the Olympic Games is . 2 What the photographer has done is capture that perfectly.l the high jump sprintin). Then answer the questions.. and 3 above? Why do you th ink this is? 1 What J love about the picture is that the photographer has gone up high into the stands. C 6 great emotion B. it is the fastest creatu re on earth. 1 boxer 2 soccer player 3 runner 4 basketba ll pl ayer 5 weight-lifter 6 race car dri ver abi lity to ru n/jump speed strength hand-eye coordination love of danger ability to work in a team stamina determi nation I think whot mokes a great boxer is . Underline the noun clause in each sentence. Verb swim do lhe longjump do Ih ~ higlu ump sprint di vl' lift weights Ihro\\ the ja\'clin Sport swimming long jU1I1J. 8 I can't understand the menta lity of sports fans who . 5 One thi ng I don't understand about sports is why . but an ant can lift 50 times its own weight. C 5 victory B. the kangaroo rat can jump 10 ti mos its own length. discuss these athletes.. Unit S . 2 a great event A. How Bre these different from 1. c Wh ich sport wou ld these animals excel in? Write the sport in the sentences below.. 3 You can see from this picture why Coe was such a great competitor. b Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 88. Then compare them with a partner. 4 swimming : dolphins can travol great distances in the water without stopping. 1 The perspective of the picture is what I love about this one. a Which question words in troduce the clauses? what . ..b Read the captions again. 1 take him out {A} 2 shot (8) 3 the tape (C) 4 hit my limit (C) 5 unbearable (C) 4 Vocabulary: track and field a Complete the table with the correct nouns or verbs. using the criteria in the box and any others you can think of.. 1 What I like about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is .. C 7 the race for the fini shing li ne C 8 professional rivalry B. 2: What I dislike about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . a cheetah a flea a kangaroo a dolphin an ant 1 sprinting : the cheetah can run 100 meters in five seconds. .that means it accelerates fa ster than the space shutt le! 3 long jump : a kangaroo can jump 13 meters.... Which ono describes (or which ones describe) the fo llowing? 1 a great personal ity A.

Soon. It was developed by the slaves in Bahia. • Martial arts: Capoeira is now mainly known as a mixture of dance. 2 Grammar: expressing purpose a A common way of expressing purpose is with to: I took up karate 10 keep fit. b Complete these sentences with an expression of purpose and your own words. 1 Some peop le take up a martia l art .. so the slaves practiced it secretly in the forest In order to disguise it from their masters. omg. Brazil. Student B: Read the text about karate on page 150.. 1 What are the people in the pictures d· . do a handstand to move away. the slaves made it look like a dance. 1 2 3 4 Where did the sport originate? When did it originate? Why do people practice the sport? What are its main movements? d . and martial arts.. 4 Everyone should eat a balanced diet. Some people see it purely as a way of enjoying themselves. WhIch verb forms follow the expressions? Why?/Why not? capoelra Capoeira was originally an African martial art imported to Brazil along with African slaves.. or twist away. Find mor~ ways of expressing purpose in the texts. Student A: Read the text below.1 Reading skills a In pairs. . about capoeira. 5 A lot of people do yoga or meditate. after the early years of slavery. It involves both strength and suppleness. 2 People sometimes do volunteer work . discuss the pictures. It consists of a number of movements based on attack and evasion. read about two martial arts. 3 We should try to use our cars less . The first record of it dates from 1770. so as to fight their masters. c Ask your partner these questions about their text. Would you prefer to take up karate or capoelra. gymnastics. too: I took up judo so as nollo I so that I . GLOSSARY martial to do with war or fighting suppleness being able to move and bend your body easilv '- UnitS Sports . 2 What is the purpose of these sports? 3 Do you do any sports like these? Why? b In pairs. wouldn 't feel scared in the streets at mght. others do it to keep fit. Try to make at least one negative sentence. and others to defend themselves.. the slave owners prohibited it. It has become very popular in recent years. drop onto your elbovvs and kick. LANGUAGE NOTE We can use the expressions of purpose in the negative.. So in capoeira you might head butt an opponent.

" unci who is going to be "B. II is not. Quick grammar guide Answers: . Then ask thorn to take turns to ask and answer tho q uestions in Exercise l e.. By doing this. In order to disguise it . here. but I started it in order to feel safer. followed by a clouse. you give students preparation Hme so that they are ready to answer queslions. Karate may not really make me sofer. karole..Objectives Grammar Topic: martial arts and parts of the body Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading extract from a Writing Ustening expressing purpose ports of the body w eak forms with l'd/ martial arts book on advice leaflet on security a radio phone-in Wrile Martial Arts on the board. Check answers wit h the class briefly.~----------------------~ For Exercise 4 on page 83 ::wi Sometimes irs scary walking home at night. kick. so thai you can use Ihem with force and accuracy . so I took up karate to feel stronger. force comes from hips . " Ask them to road their texts carefully.udo. To. Write on the board: Introducethetopk bell /dc. Students then ask a nd answer the questions. They are followed by on infinilive. defend themselves Allack and evasion: head bUll . Let st udents check in pa irs. For Excn:ise l h . Aftcrwurds. Draw attention to the Languago Note . Ask students to give you examples of martial arts I. Answ ers: Capooim Africa Beforo 1770 To en joy themselves. Some people take up a martial art so thai they know how to defend themselves. who ha s read the some text. Discuss student s' responses to Exercise 1d as a w hole class. ask one or two As to summarize the answe rs from B's text. Then mix students so that As are paired with Bs.lell students in pairs to decide who is goi ng to bo "A . so as to fight their masters .. which includes h ow to form tho nogative of an expression of purpose using those phrases. . ond I do_ Sports T 82 Unit 8 .. You don't hove to walk at nig ht here . kung fuJ..000 years ago Self-defense. Then they discuss it with their portner. drop to elbows. Point out the Clossary.balance and hip ro tation Divide the class into A poirs and B poirs. ond it gives you on opport unity to mix pairs in the classroom. toe kwon do. keep fi t.. then as k them 10 use their imagination to w rite sentences. So (thaI) is 0. twist away Karote lndia 2. a nd B pairs read text B.. 10 defend themselves Complete tho fi rs t son te nce in Exercise 2b as an exa mple to get stude nts sta rted . philosophical way of life Allack with foot and hands..you can toke 0 cob.. Be careful: so is used twice in the text with the meaning of consequently. handstand. Model a nswers: Some people take up a martial art to keep fit. but I need to save money. ~. in order 1 and so as to a re used to express purpose... - altemative 2 Grammal': ex press ing purpose Write studen ts' findings from Exercise 2a on the board. and vice versa. to keep fit . They hove to make sure they can answer the questions and explain difficult words to each other. Some people take up a martial art in order to enjoy themselves. A poirs read text A. . and point o ut tho rules of uso and form. T hen as k a few ind ividuals to read their sen tences aloud for the class. to feel more prepared. on expression of purpose. throw twist self-defense confidence keep fit Ask How are these words related /0 martial artS? •• 1 Reading skills Ask stude nts 10 work in pai rs to do Exercise l a.

so I took up karate to feel stronger. as is head). walk toll. sometimes just feeling sofer can help. to feel more prepared. It should not be necessary to pause the recording for them to write.. So. Muggers tend to go for people who look nervous. Deborah? Caller 1Oh. but if you coli aut "Firel". I'd just like to soy that irs not just women who are anocked at night. donl go down alle-ywoys or into badly·lit areas if you con help it. Police and women" s organizations soy the problem is getting worse. but an onacker could use your weapon against you. Is thot useful? Expert Yes. It is a good idea to hand out blank pieces of paper to make sure all the leaflets are the same size. like. just give it to him. Then ask them to discuss some sports. Is that true? Host Fire? Expert Yes. it 5 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise Sa once through and then check answers. Host But what should someone like Jason do. and I do. you know. For Exercise 6b seat each group of six in a circle or around a table. if you call out "Helpr.I feel safer. ankle are important. Now we hove Allie on the line. So the progrom today is asking: is there ony1hing women con do? To help us come up with some answers. Ti 6 Writing skills When students have done Exercise 6a . hi. Host What other basic advice would you gwe women wolking alone at night? Expert Well. but our first advice would be not to put yourself in any s~uotion 'Nhere there might be danger. (to. You dorn want to look like a victim . you could be in trouble. thars true. martial arts or seIf·defense courses can help your confidence. people come out of their houses to see v. keep to well-lit streets where there are lots of people. Expert Hello. Now we hove . like prepositions. Thank you. you know. rve started to carry. Play the audio again for Exercise sh and have students check the p hrases the police officer agrees with. or1icles. I live in New York: and sometimes irs scary wolking home at night. if he's attacked again? Expert If you get in a situation that you can't avoid. After each line. ~ Allow students to check their answers in pairs before they listen to the audio for Exercise 4b to check. Host Ch. Replay the audio.. Host Okay. and other structure words ore often pronounced with the /3/ sound. Sod. Host We have another call. He took my wallet and my cellphone. what happened? Caler 2 Well. so I guess ~ wasnl too bad. and took purposeful. thaI isn't a good ideo. 0 Expert Yes. or put them on the class notice board. using the words in exercise 3b. Words which ore commonly unstressed. with me today. yes. Ask students to read through steps 1 to 4 carefully. encourage students to take notes as they liston. too. Why go on the streets alone? Host We have a coller who'd like to soy something here.. the guy threatened me with a knife. Allie? Calef 3 Yes. knee. but I started it in order 1 feel sofer. there's alilhe obvious advice. look ahead. Pass the guides around the class for other groups to read. check that they understand that the leafl et is written for tourists. Host Okay. try running fi rst. irs so unstressed in continuous spee<:h that it con barely be heard. I hove a police expert Martin Fowles. /0. AI limes. not down. what would you like to '-Of' Caler 2 Hello. Allow five minutes to discuss and make notes. rve heard that. I was attacked a few months ago . shin. Clues: in a place you don't know. In Exercise 5c.if you have to walk the streets alone at night. If that doesn't work. Give them an example (soccer: foot. There's no point in risking your life for money. people may not want to get Involved. But. I wanted to ask about something I've heard. You don" have to walk at night here . but I need to save money. there has been on increase in anocks on women in the streets at night. but he didn't harm me. Well. a weapon with me now .. Allie. make sure you know enough of the language to . Host I understand that a lot more women are taking up martial arts these days. Unit 8 T 83 Sports . you should shout au! "Fire!" as loud as you can. divide students into groups of four. but true . otJ. and the anacker wants money. and irs a good idea. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with l'dl pronundation gQuick The weak unstressed 13/ sound is the most common phoneme in English. Sub-divide the groups and make sure each pair chooses a different situation. the!.. You see. After Exercise 6c. staple the leaflets together to make a guide for vis itors.if there isn't a lot of troffic. of course as you're in the open there.you can take a cob. asking students 10 repeat..3 Vocabulary: parts of the body For Exercise 3e.. Karote may not really make me safer.-hors happening. pause the recording. H's sometimes bener to walk on the street rather __ than the sidewalk . Jason. it is. Or if you harm someone. I understand that you feel safer. as though you know where you're going. The audiascript for Track 34 is on poge T82 ~ 35~-------------------------------------------------------Host Recently.no . I've heard that if you're allacked. Expert Joson.

2 kick your attacker in the shin . ' 2 'tlttract attention by breaking a bottle. muscles b Match the numbered parts orthe body with the words in the list. You don't have to walk at night hereyou can take a cab.. abdomen armpit elbow fool head hip shoulders toes wrist [jJ 0 [l [) !]j ~ Iill [j) ankle sh in fingers hand heel knee th igh waist ffi III III IJ[J IE) ~ 6 Writing skills a Read the extract below . 4 Write a list of practical tips for your situation. Sports UnitS . Capoira: head. but I started it in order to feel safer. Then decide on the headings for your leafl et and put a. a window or anything 3 carry a whistle and blow it hard so people can hear it and come to your rescue... Example situations: on the street. cameras. 3 Decide what information. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with fa! a Read what this woman says about why she took up karate. money.. hand .. 1 What is the topic? allacks on women on the street at night..but make sure you hit the bony part. fect. a Go through the Iwo texts in Exercise 1 and find six parts of the body. so I took up karate@fcel stronger... if any.. 5 Listening skills ~ a Listen 10 a phone-in program on the rad io and b Now write a leaflet advisi ng visi tors on security in your city. and I do.g. If you think someone is going to attack you' 1 start running. then repeat the lext 2 make sure you know enough of the language to ask for help. on public transportation. 2 Think about attacks that may happen to visitors and the pur pose of the attack. c Show your leaflet to your group . at cash machines. Compare your notes with a partner. Check each other's content and language. The first two are circled for you. Karate may not really make me safer. jewelry. If you can't run away: 1 shout for help as loudly as you can.-3 Vocabulary: parts of the body \.. in parks. to feel more prepared. In groups of six... Does the police expert agree with these ways of protecti ng yourseJf? 1 Taking up a martial art 2 Keeping to well-lit areas at night 3 Carrying a weapon 4 Running away from an attacker ~ c Listen and make a note of all the advice that the police expert gives. or from others in your city. but J need to save money.who might rcad it? Why? Do you agree with the advice? iJ!I 0 III Practical tips When you're in a place you don't know: 1 ensure you find out where lhe dangerous areas are and don't go there! ' c In groups. you will use fro m the radio program and add information relevant to a local context. ~ b Listen and check your answers. elbows Karate: hand16st. . Do you agree with the advice? situat ion from the ones below. . Say the text to yourself and circle the words that become weak (unstressed). e. tat makes a lot of noise. Each pair takes a different answer these questions.. Sometimes it's scary walking home@night.ll the information together. discuss which parIs of the body are important in any sports Ihal you play. cell phones. hips.. Z Who is the program mainly aimed at? women ~ b Listen aga in. 1 Divide into pairs. fo llow these steps..

AIi . You can see some of her dad's moves.The ring announcer introduced him as the "The Greatest" and ar he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted "AIi. plus his outspoken opposition to women's boxing." "-laila Ali would rather not compare herself to her father. Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of debate and criticism.Not for girls? Sport or spectacle? 1 Reading skills a In groups. discuss these questions about the pictures o n this page. seemed to "-broadcast her father's support." said one referee about her.AIi.". the daughter of Muhammad Ali. Ali's decision to start boxing despite her father's struggle with the symptoms 0 '."~ knows about moving well. '-- 1 Are you surprised at seeing wom en doing these sports? 2 Which one is the most surprising/shocking? Why? 3 Can you think of any sports that are more associated with women than men? What might be the reaso n? b Read the article about Laila Ali. GLOSSARY feisty having a strong character swollen larger and rounder tha n usual spectade an impressive show (sometimes used to show disapproval of something ridiculous) . She knows she's going to get hit hard at times.. That. Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not "spared her the details of what can happen. Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 "-seconds. that she may get a broken~ nose or a swollen face . Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to watch his daughter fight. Unfortunately. "arrival on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent. however. he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to take up the sport. Laila realizes that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see if she still wants to go forwar" with it. t~. She prefers to make hr own name. Which of the phrases below refer to Laila and which to Muhammad? Why is each one im portant in the context of the article? 1 the most fam ous sports fig ure on earth Muhammad 2 feisty and determined Laila 3 Parkinson 's disease Muhammad 4 the greatest Muhammad 5 a magne t for worldwide media a ttention Laila Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the fight as her father's fights once attracted. ButLaila is a feisty and determined individual and it is that as much as her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention. The diagnosis of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism of the sport. His presence at laila's first professional fight.. all right. MuhammadAli is probably the most famous sports figure on earth. Of course. Since then. but at least she is prepared for it. "She knows what she's doing.

Gabriela Sabatini . next 10 the boxing ring lake up boxing"" start doing the sport of boxing knock out on opponent ::= make him/her unconscious Vocabulary work Sports T 84 Unit8 .S .possibly because these are sports that most girls play at school. to fight/to box a fight / a boxing match boxing ring'" place where boxers fight 01ringside". and tennis are often associated with women . Volleyball.. You may wish to check that students understand these words connected with boxing. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. In Exercise lb. Mia Hamm. ask students to read the article and match phrases to the people. women's' soccer is very popu lar. Answers: Sports associated with women : ice-skating. In the U.Objectives Grammar Topic: women and sports Reading on Internet article verb + verb constructions (to + infinitive / -ing verb! Ustening an informal conversation Speaking a role-play Write the names of two or three famous sporlswomen on the board.but choose women well-known to your studentsl. find out the degree to which your students agree or disagree with each other. synchronized swimmingprobably because the sports are gracefu l and balletic. gymnastics. field hockey. Ask Whol sports do Ihese women ploy'! Whol qualifies and strengths do they have? What other female sports stars do you know? Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Ask students to work in groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l a . Serena Williams. Afterwards. (For example.

. Father [from another room) Motorcycling? Mother Motorcycling? Girl Yeah. isn't it? I didn't wont to tell you be<:ause you would have stopped me from doing it. Girl I can already dance. Answers: "his presence at Laila's first professional fi ght . it's expensive 4 Speaking skills Allow four or five minutes for studonts to do Exercise 4a.with Joke..oy ~so hard. and I've been racing a few limes. building up a list for and against. -~~-----------------------------------------------------. thers why. [n Exercise 2b. I think we need a serious conversafion oboul all this . Common problems ond errors Translating from the students' first language and overusing 10 + verb My parents don'llel me ~ oul/ole. I'd prefer you to take up dancing or something like thaI. I don'l en.. have a brief class debate about boxing or any other sport in which women's participation is currently controversial . Mother Well. ~ ~ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Mother Wait a minute. Prepositions ore always followed by -ing. Once students have read their role card for Exercise 4b. actually t wonted to talk to you about that.. Gift Exactly. Father Thafs not true. Motorcycling? Racing? How long hos this been going on? Girl I started motorcycling . then... also point out the Languago Note that discusses start. Unit 8 T 85 Sports . Encourage students to read tho Useful Language box as they prepare their arguments. Father And isn't It expensive? t mean.. irs just that we think you should be studying for your exams. the simple verb. you con" use Joke's bike forever. hong on. thars obvious. motorcycling. on his bike . Mother What do you mean. Parkinson's disease fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing" "hor fa mily history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle" "Muhammad Ali wanted to watch bis daughter fight " Following Exercise ld. Mother But isn't It dangerous? trs just tholt'm worried. soy "nowhere: Girl Okay. Girl No . . elicit the answer to the first question from the class to get them started. " "the diagnosis of . it 's dangerous.about six months ago. and thars what I wont to talk to you obout. Ask students to listen and check their answers. trs excrting. find examples. nothing? Where are you going? And don'. I'm in a race tonight. seemed to broadcast her fath er's support" "Lalla has won most of her fights .. darling. After students have comploted tho sentences in Exercise 2c. Right now. Girl I'm always studying. Quick grammar guide: verb+verb Students simply need to memorize whether verbs ore followed by to + verb. Father But you don't even have a motorcycle. Mother Now. or the -ing verb.. Pause the recording to give students time to note the arguments. Mother And what do you think you're doing? Girl Nothing. . ask students to read the statements carefully before researching the article to find phrases in the texl that support their answers. and I'd reolry like . Elicit ideas from the class and write ospecially good ones on the board. then give students three or four minutes to complete Ule rest of the text. Ask students to research the text.in Exercise l c. I'm the best student in my class. If you think we're going to buy you a matorcyde for your birthday .. give them a few minutes to prepare what they are going to say. let lhem check their answers in pairs. and complete the table. Let them compare their answers with a partner. 3 Listening skills in Exercise 3a. 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructions Exercise 2a can be done in pairs. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. and discuss the sentences.". I'm going motorcycling. Irs my 18th birthday soon. Play the audio again. Answers: For: iI's exciting Against: she should be studying for her exams. I'm using Joke's but he . rd rather spend my free fime motorcycling. Mother And why didn't you tell us? Why did you hide it from us? Girl Well.

/ . Who I'd be really happy if you'd found the best solution? I see what you mean. Find evidence to support these statements. 1 I'm interested in watching (watch) boxing on TV. Make a note of the arguments that Emma and her parents raise for and against her hobby.c Read the article again. you are going to role play the conversation between Emma and her parents. 4 Speaking skills '- _./ . 2 I'd rather take part (take part) in sports than watch (watch) them. 4 Laila has a good relationship with her father. Listen again. d In pairs.ing verb . '- 3 Listening skills a Look at the picture then read this summary of a conversation between Emma and her parents. They think that she should 4 study for her exams. 1 Muhammad Ali accepts his daughter's decision to become a boxer. but . by. Emma would rather 6 spend her free time 7 motorcycling and she wants 8 to talk to her parents about 9 buying her a motorcycle for her 18th birthday." a In pairs. If you agree to X. She didn't want 2 to tell her parents because they would have stopped her from 3 doing it . or something else? Can you think of other sports that provoke a similar debate? 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructi ons a Look at the categories on t. 3 I started learning (learn) English when I was five years old.. d Look at the last sentence in the article. 5 I would prefer to live (live) on my own than in an apartment with others./ . I'd like you to . Try not to get angry. Emma started 1 going motorcycling about six months ago. e. and her mother would prefer her 5 to take up dancing. discuss the sentences. then /'11 ./ ./ LANGUAGE NOTE Slart can be followed by either an -ing verb or to + verh.he left of the table and find examples of these in the article. Category Verbs like IVan I. c Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. 6 I'm afraid of being (be) without work. 3 When you nave reached a compromise and you know how you are going USEFUL LANGUAGE to resolve the situation. . Listen to the conversation and check your answers. you'd betler Modal verbs and make/lei Prepositions. 2 Discuss the situation and try to reach a compromise.. using some of the Useful Language phrases. decide.g. 4 My parents wanted me to follow (follow) in their footsteps and do the same kind of work as them. Are they true for you? If not. 2 Laila Airs boxing career is successful. c Tell the other groups in the class about your solution to the problem. Try to fill in the blanks. suggesl Verb phrases like I'd rather.. Check ( ~ ) the correct column in the table to show what follows them. to + verb Simple verb . a spectacle. stop talking. b In groups of three. Is boxing a sport. Then follow these steps: 1 Tell the others how you feel about the situation . about b Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 88. Sports Unit8 . prefer Verbs like slarl. try to think of other arguments for and against a girl of 17 motorcycling. Choose your role and read it on page 1413.. You will need to negotiate. 3 There is a lot of controversy about both boxing itself and about women boxing. change them so that they are. from.

. 6 There is too much commercialism in the Olympics these days.. the Games are a media event: they are all about entertainment.. excitement is the main '\ purpose of the 1..1 Wa rm up a In groups. In spite of the ~ .. the games had nothing to do with big business or with entertainment for its' \ own sake. Sadly. 7 The Olympics should be all about entertainment. ''V ioum<llist G _--------:-:----'-~ ~~.. I believe countries at war shOuld be banned from competing. "' The world is in Crisis. The Games are a symbol of international cooperation and we have tl"" work with all nations to make them work. 2 Task You ore going to debate the role of the Olympics (today and in the future). (They may hold more than one of the views. However. it is about competition and ~ making a living. were justly proud of our physical and mental fitness. First . ~bA.':'--~"_ We are applying to host the games next time so that we can boost our economy and provide more jobs for our citizens. Breaking world records is important.~ medal viIOrd"'~: : In my opinion. is fairest. 3 The Olympics shouldn't only be held in rich countries. 8 The Olympics should be abandoned these days as they attract terrorists.." games" eommitte e . 4 Tho current system."7. but providing . too.. we should leave it alone.:::. 1 When were the last Olympic Games? Whero were they held? 2 What do lhe imagos on these pages tell you about the Olympic Games? 3 What arc tho main objectives of the Olympics? Are they usually achieved? b Read these statements about the Olympics and decide whether you agree with them or not.... In the old days. read the following quotes and decide which of the views in Exercise lb each speaker holds... 9 Bringing nations together in friendship should be the only aim of the Olympics.... Nevertheless. or at least we should insist on a ceasefire. 'Gl.... despitE:. our feelings towards countries we perceive as aggressors.... 1 Keeping politics out of the Olympic Games is essential.and the system of having the Olympics in a different country every four years is good because it increases interest.. Although there are problems. they should be a good show. they are beyond the responsibility of the Olympic committee... something works. The Games should be spectacular . ' ideals of bringing peace and friendship. We could be given an opportunity to imprOYe all kinds of services. with wars and aggression all around. I think the Olympics are an opportunity to prove ourselves on the world stage and to become better known. The games should have nothing to do with politics.. 2 Countries at war should stop fighting during the Olympic Games.. " (l) \ . Share your views with your group.... " "ClaSs athlete Unit 8 Sports . the games exist to encourage the highest standards both on and off the field..) I believe there's nothing wrong with the Olympics as they are run today. with countries taking turns organizing the Olympics... we athletes .they must be given back to Greece where they "" ' ~ began" . the spirit of t(e ~ games is dead . As a small country. we should be given a chance to develop.. "'"... discuss the Olympic Games.. Q As an athlete. 5 The Olympics should be abo ut athletes compoting witil each other.

Block Power solutes by American athletes at Ihe 1968 Mexico City Olympics protesting segregation. II is his or her job 1 make sure thai everyone in Ihe group speaks and that no one speaks about one topic for 100 tong. Afterwards.7 Co F5 G9 Sports T 86 Unit 8 . Ihe murder of 11 Israeli othletes by Palestinian terrorists ot the 1972 Munich Olympics. Ask students a few personalized questions to gellhem started. for example: Introduce the topic Do you enjoy watching the Olympics? Which events do you walch and why? Is it important to you when somebody from your country wins a medal? Why? 1 War m up Divide students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions and statements in Exercises 1a and lb. The images on pages 86 and 87 show the Olympic flame. branding and advertising. Culture note Nominate a group leader to ask the questions and rea d the statements aloud for others 10 discuss. 0 Organizing group discussions 2 Task Let students work in pairs to match quotes and views.7 E 4. Give a short time limit. 4 D 3. Answers: A 2. Beijing is hosl of the 2008 Olympics and the 2012 Olympics will be held in london. say four minutes. 4 81 . elicit from one person per group a summary of the main points they discussed.Objectives Grammar Topic: the Olympics Reading quotes Ustening Specking linkers expressing contrast and -ing verbs a committee discussion debating the role of the Olympics Write The Olympics on the boord.

!hars . tn terms of the competitors. Give students four or five minutes to discuss the statement. I think if we introduced payment to take pari. I think there should be a reasonable financial reward for athletes and the work they do. I'd like an athlete to comment first on this. Yes. irs gelling tougher for us all the time. These reasons may be in shari. I tend to agree with Adriana. they have to design a logo.it increases their public prolile and competing for your country can make you inlo a national hero. should be abandoned Z should be banned. Answers: lb shouldn'!. it was very different . T T1I 0 0 • •• • 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to stand up and deliver their group's proposal. if athleles were paid. We hove severol items on the agenda. stop the discussion. and so on. Sylvina? Athlete Well.not to win . 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa.3 Prepare Divide students into groups. When I won my gold medal thirty years ago. we'd obviously have to 1001: Of how we could raise the money to do that. l leel rt would be a step in the wrong direction to pay the athletes. On the poster. Representative Thanks very much for your view.it was all about showing the high physicol and mental standards that human oongs could reach.so I think we should be paid to compete . my job is to make sure we maintain the highest standards both in athlefics and in the way the Olympics are run. In groups. it does benefit them . . be held. Even Ihough athletes give up a lot 01 time to compete in the Olympics. thanks. someone less directly involved. Make sure that each student in the group chooses a different role. as Sylvino suggests. Ask students to listen and say who is speaking. But my main point is thaI the Gomes ore all about competing. write a slogan.Give each group a large sheet of poper to design their poster on. Ask that student to summarize their group's ideas for the class at the end. Tell groups to decide on the wording of their proposal. Before we move on to the next topic. Ilhink we'd lose pari of thaI. lers have a view from someone who isn'l an athlete. Remind them that they have to agree on a proposal.to help bring peace among nations. Nominate one student in each group to write down arguments why. bulleted note form. we have to train harder and harder and so many of us are getting injured. We're here to discuss Ihe future of the Olympics and to suggest some practical solutions for improving ~. and five reasons why their city should get the Games. allhough I do agree with Sylvina thai we athletes are overworked and underpaid. As athletes.time when we're not earning any money .. as a representalive of the International Olympics Committee.just a sum 10 take pari. and tell them to decide on who is going to read it aloud to the class . osk students to design a poster to promote on Olympic bid from their city. then ask students to find other examples from the lesson. and decide which role they wish to play. Rrst. should be given 7 Follow up Divide the class into the same groups as in exerc ise 3. thank you all for coming. Yes? Journalist Okay. I think 01 the same time thatlhere is lar too much commercialization and focus on money. Play the audio again. After five minutes. lfyaur students have problems hearing the expressions. you could play the same audio a third time. Then give them a minute or two to decide which statement they wish to discuss. After each. Put lhe posters on the classroom walls. ii ii Additlon. That would also mean that athletes who don't make a lot of money would be able to come. we're concerned that some of Ihe highest-quality athleles have decided not to attend recently. could be given. lers just lake a show of honds_ Con you raise your hands if you think that athletes should be paid? Thank you. pushing yourself. Tell students that they have five minutes to discuss. RepresentotiwI Okay. must be given. Unit 8 T 87 Sports . Adriano? Retired athlete Well. Tell students to list at least five arguments they wish to make. providing entertainment.1 acIMty 6 Notice Read through the example and rules as a class. Ticket prices are already really high. elicit comments from the rest of the class . Thanks for Ihot. We are in danger of losing sight of the main aim of the Olympics . The Olympics means a lot of time out 01 our schedules .. Let students check in pairs before discussing their notes as a class. so lers start. RepresentotiwI Right. pausing as needed . J7~----------------------------------------------------RepresenkrIiv9 of International Olympic Committee Well.

. and 5 Compare @ a Listen to a committee discussing one of the statements in Exercise 3. When we are debating or having a discussion. Spons UnitS .c to have a shorl debate. then follow the steps a . F ~ b Listen aga in and mako notes on the following. c Discuss tho issuo with the olher members of lhe commillec. 1 How does tho chairperso n introd uce the topic for discussion'! We're here to discuss . Find other exa mples of tho modal passive in lhis lesson in Exercise lb Il nd Exorcise 2. 2 How doos he soloct the speakers? I'd li ke an athlete 10 comment 6 rsl on this." 3 How do the second and th ird speakers start their speeches'! Well .]. 7 Follow up In groups. no merchandising. TV producer.. etc. We have discussed the statement . Then share your ideas with the class. . Liston to tho other groups and make notes.. [Read the statemen t you cbose. peaceful. Form a proposa l about the statement . LeI's have a view from someone who ." 6 Notice Look at this example from the debate: 4 Feedback Report back to tho rest of tho class on you r proposa ls.. . Let the wealthy countries pay for the Games! 3 Athletes should he paid to enter the Games. 4 There should be no commercialism associated with tho Games . s How does the chairperson ask for opinions at the end? let's just ta ke a s how of ha nds.3 Prepare In groups of four or five. then all the best ath lot es would enter. decide whether you agree or disagree with the statemen t below. 3 when we don't know who takes responsibility for an Ilction. after some cOll sidcmtion. 2 The Olympics should always be held in the wealthiest countries as poorer cou ntries find it very difficult to raise the money to host them. and wilh good human rights records. B.4 below about the future of the Olympics. Start like this: Ladies and gelltlemen.. 00 you agree with thei r proposals? Why? I Why not? Itllink we should be paid to compete. C. Use tho (Iuot es and tho statements in Exercises 1 and 2 for ideas. we lIove come to the fol/oll'ing conclusions. a Form a commilloo 10 discuss the statement: each student chooses II different role from Exorcise 2: athlete.no adverti sing. 2 10 avoid accepting responsibility for everything we say. Did most of the groups agree or disagree? Our COlllltry should be chosen 10 hosltlle Olympics in the near futuro. etc. Which one? Which oflhe speakers from tho quotes in Exercise 2 do you hear? A. we often usc the passive voice with a modal verb: 1 to avoid making tho dobato too personal. First. / 1 feel it would be .. choose one orthe statements 1 . .. b Make notes on the arguments you will present to the other memhors of the committee. 1 Tho Games sho uld be restricted to countries that are democracies. 4 How do they fi nish their speech in each case? I think there should be ..

Ve'" "". which would you like to try and why? 3 Which of the above sports. -ing verb This form follows prepositions: You can team a lOt from looking at people's garbage. and why? to. She confessed her crime so as to get a lighter sentence. II is possible to make so as to negative by putting not before to: The po/ice put the witness in a safe hOuse so as not to expose him to danger. Some verbs can be followed by either the -ing verb or vert) + to: Gary hates to meet I meeting new people. I don't en. ---waist wrist """""'" ". to in order 10 The government has increased wages in Ofder to gain popularity before Vocabulary Summary 1 Sports: track and field so as to sa (Ihal) the election. Simple verb This form follows !T"IOdal verbs. sboul elbow We prefer to watch movies at the movie theater. These verbs take a number of forms: dNe< wejghtlifter javelin thrower Answer these questions. and make and let: We should pay our phone bill as soon as poSsible. forget the party. including most verbs of liking: Jason suggested joining the sports club in the center.. swimmer long jumper high jumper sprinter CIa"se I got up early so (thai) I wouldn't miss the plane. 3 Hobbies / Free time: I'm interested in . Complete these sentence stems about yourself. How you live your fife is none of my business.Grammar Summary 1 Noun clauses (beginning with a question word) A noun clause can be the oOject of a sentence: I don't know what he is doing.ide armpit elbow fingers foot hand head "hand abdome. What we need is more government support for our enterprises. 7 Making myself better: I should .m Sport swimming the long jump the high jump sprinting diving weightlifting the javelin p"""". if any. We often use them in this position when we want 10 emphasize them. Connector Followed by infinitive Example We went out for dnner to celebrate Mary's birthday.. We reaJ/y can't rtgure out why Susanna left Michael. do you find boring. 5 Going out: I enjoy. I've started to learn I learning Japanese. 3 Verb + verb constructions Many verbs in English can be followed by other verbs. It's amazing how clever she is. verb This form lolows a number of verbs. Where Philip goes every evening remains a mystery to me. often verbs thaI involve wants and desires: 2 Parts of the body Labet the parts Of the body using the words in the box. do the lOng·jump do the high jump sprint dive lift weights throw the javelin The connectors in order to and so as to are more formal lhan to + infinitive or so that + clause. I'm calling you now so (that) you don'. Compare your sentences with a partner. 1 Work I want . They made me clean the whole hOuse every day. I'd rather watch auto racing on 7V than go to the track. 2 A big decision: When I decided . 2 Expressing purpose We can express purpose with connectors that are followed by an infinitive or by a subordinate clause. 6 My pet peeve: I hate. We can also use verb • to after some verbs of liking: Karl likes to go dancing on Friday evenings.oy going under the water when I'm swimming. Use a verb form in each one. The noun clause can also be a subject and come at the beginning of the sentence. and preposiHons can also be followed by verbs. It also follows the phrase I'd rather (without an object). 4 A big change: When I started . bead I want to spend our vacation in Florida this year. It also folows a number of verbs. 1 Do you play / Have you ever played any of these sports? 2 If not. waist heel hip knee shin shoulders \ fingers ~ wrist I liugh ankle Unil8 5po<ts .

J L. You can eithef use your notes to write about the third most popular sport in your country or you can write about anothef team sport in your country. Fans usually tend to be male. Many people follow their favorite NBA team by watching their games on TV. Basketball games are also extremely popular in the U.J. discuss lhese questions. For those who cannot make it to their team's stadium. they watch live or recorded games in a local bar or at a friend's house. that National Basketball Association (NBA) games in many cities are sold out in advance. Unlike football. The basketball season is much shorter than baseball's with NBA teams playing 41 games in a normal season. brainstorm and make notes on the three most popular team sports in your country. decide how to order the information and write a draft of the two most popular sports. and grarrvnar correct? e Make final corrections to your reports and then read them to each other in small groups.) country? 2 Which people like these sports? learned about them. spelling. there are ten Women's National Basketball Association teams (WNBA) in the U. Comment on these areas. when the games are played.(!) Z I Q: A short report 1 Thinking about the topic of your report a Work in small groups. Games are usually played on Sunday afternoons and if spectators don't go to the game at the stadium. Interesting! Q.S. Teams in Major league Baseba ll (M l B) play 81 games in an average season. compare the language you have underlined. L. d When you have finished. Fans are attracted from all walks of life and as is the case with both baseball and football. tickets. You are going to write a report foc a Web site about sports in your country. too. the majority of fans are men.S.? Put these sports in order. Nevertheless.J Basketball Football Baseball 2 Analyzing three short reports a Read the three brief reports and check your answers to Exercise 1b. collocations. Sports UnilS . so it may be difficult to get tickets.. baseball is regularly shown on TV. The report is The most popular team sports in my country. b The reports all deal with the same topics: fans. Tickets to baseball games tend to be much cheaper and easier to get than those for football and basketball games. popularity. I came across "to give someone a black eye" when J was reading. 1 Which are the mast popular sports in your rn REVIEW Review your action plan: using your dictionary In pairs. b In pairs.J. games take place on weekday evenings or afternoons between earl y spring and late fall. the sport is also very popular with women. Can you find any patterns in the order of these topics in the reports? c Read the reports again and unde!1ine any words or phrases that may help you write your report on sports in your country. and where they are watched. Q( phrasal verbs you looked up in your dictionary and 'Nhat information you 3: ~ ::. WIth number 1 as the most popular.. fans are predominantly men although so me women are also passionate about the sport. exchange your work with your partner. So popular in fact. and in English you do say "8 black eye". 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy. are the punctuatiofl. Are the reports good enough to go up on a Web site? There is no doubt that football is the most popular sport in the United States. However. Before you start. it is often difficult to get tickets for National Football l eague (NFL) games as they are generally sold out before the season begi ns. d tn pairs. Tell yout: partner which words. Baseball is the second most popular sport in the USA and as is the case with football. Use the key 9 o > ideas in Exercise 2 to help you.S. 3 Writing a brief report a In small groups. c Take one sport each and write a short report about It. talk about your action plan for Unit 7. ~ 3 When are the games played? 4 VVIlefe do people watch the games? b D::> you know the most popular team sports in the U. is the language oorrectly used? For example. idioms. PlAN [> Your action plan: writing a short report Write a short report. Nole: you win need to Show your fv"laI written report to your classmates at the end of \JrIit 9. I thought "8Jack Isn '/ right! We don't say that' So J chOCked it out in the dictionary. Try to help your partner by making suggestiofls to improve the writing. Due to its popUlarity.

Ik-nl< tky hme ~ f"ck " 1 .000 . and who are very slim I 5 15 15 44 80 50 90 8.5lL ~ pp. fey -aomen's ~ when Ye(J1iJ:nfj?n0fJ5' the way women are pNl!lcnted as perfecl in these magazines ~ cf kauI:y m 'I?Ie.>UY>ey...1 Speaking skills ~ b Now listen and chock your answers.~ 1M mu.. 2 Listening skills a You are going to listen to part of a presentation about the media and personal image. In pairs. US. did pmiud.. 7 $2.. cosmetics.on... I:xttwrt Q)1. discuss these questions.o!/urns. Ie 5a<d. 'Pu.. who are Ian.JA~ Ji'omen. Which of tho images of beauty on this page do you find tho mostllcasl beautiful? In pairs."""". >Wi .ded wr.dut:wo men who have perfect skin and beautifuJ Dowing hair. what are the main reasons for this? 3 How much do YOlL spend on clothes.s . (are) ovcnvcighl • 6 'M Uton.fMds 10 heaDh p.5 """9' " 3 . and diet products? Is this average for your country? 4 Do you pay attention to the images of beauty presonted in the media? Brain and beauty .!l. ~ " 8 'll.easun. Mgs! d In pairs.s ~'if' Mis. Uton. " Z JIlL ~ ~ when.!!2.Ypo$ cf . to analyze the effects of women's media on tho health of the fema le population f<.I:h I !L1ill9 '"It"OmE?1-.dJA. c!Mes " accessme. try to complete the presenter's notes using the numbers in the box. 1 Do children and adults have ··weight problems" in your count ry? 2 If so. ?>U>n. ef! anorexIa Suney ct!n. did " :J li ~ ~. compare your ideas .)f people m.. ~ c Li ston again and complete the rest orthe noles... giving reasons for your choice. ~ ~ hme IR= on.on.

eolog Diego Institute of Health. who is presenting the findings of her recent research into the link between the media and women's health in the United States. which.. beauty treatments.55 billion. spend on diet products each year . Then ask a few questions to fOCllS students on the task. about 50% of all adults in the United States believe that they have a weight problem. the next aspect we looked at was . the first ideal women are given in magazines.90% . are overweight The problem of weight and image is not confined to adults . Ask Do you think the media help women have a positive image of themselves? Do you think women spend a little or a Jot? Ask students to guess the answers in pairs.women who have perfect skin and beautiful flowing hair. it has to be said that many people in the U.tend to feel depressed when they read women's magazines. finding was that a huge proportion of women .a staggering $44 billion. covering a sample of eight thousand women. This points to a severe dissatisfaction with their image. Ask students to listen and check their answers. elicit from the class how important culture. in the movies. play the audio again. "eo. " •• 2 Listeni ng skills Read through the notes in Exercise 2a as a class. Dr Cameron Thank you.. 01. We wonted to analyze the effects of women's media on the health of the female population. on TV.many children see themselves as too fat.S. My team conducted a survey over two years.) Write on the board: fashionable clothes. The reason for this is the way women are presented as perfect in these magazines. Afterwards. can lead to terrible health problems: by the time they reach adolescence. Ask Which of these things are important to you? How much lime and money do you spend on these things? Do you think we worry about how we look 1 much? 00 Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to briefly discuss the pictures in pairs. age." 0" 'p""" Ihl' ".Objectives T opic: images of beauty and health Vocabulary Reading a radio presenter's Grammar non-defining relative clauses your image and health Usfening a presentation notes Speoking discussing beauty and how it is maintained '--. Cam. For Exercise l e . I. Play the audio for Exercise l b.and as many as 80% go on a diet at some time during their childhood. Afterwards. Of course. who are ton. find out how many students are very concerned about image. Now. and perhaps most dramatic. which the average woman connot hope to imitate. Cameron.S. Let students check their answers in pairs. Compare that with the amount women spend on cosmetics . cosmetics. is that of physical beauty . which is still a lot less than they spend on Irying to get thin. Of course. which explains the amount thaI women in the U. They do spend more on clothes and accessories . In fact.in the region of 515 billion.o "0m Ih' Sao Brain and beauty T 90 Unit 9 .we'll look at perfection in other spheres of life later in the presentation . keeping fit. Our first. hairstyles. and fashion are to our ideals of "beauty. and much of that stems from comparison with media images. and who are very slim. Dr. Ask students to listen and complete the notes. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise ld . 15% of children suffer from anorexia. ~ ~ ~ H. or their parents see them as too fat . in the cose of teenage girls in particular. This constan t comparison of oneself with on unattainable image can lead to obsession.

They usually begin with the relative pronoun. say. answer the questions. Cameron is a researcher wAAA has corried oul a survey. who. pair up students to read tho problems. Confusion between who and which in relative douses: Dr. syllable stress and proounciolioo. Answers will vary. eight minutes.. Ask students in pairs to think of fIVe or six questions to ask about the products. For example: Which word means you ore 100 fof? Which word means you hove no hair? Which word describes spots on your face? Cheddng pronundaIion Read these words out aloud. Common probkNns ond errors Repeating the subject pronoun after the word who or which: Young women are people who IRey may become anorexic. Ask students to discuss their finding in pairs and then report them to the class.•• 3 Vocabulary: your image and health In Exercise 3a. Brain and beauty . Then elicit answers from tho whole class. questions to see how well students hove understood the new vocabulary. and decide which ones arc not related to beauty. In Exercise 4b. ask students to work in pairs to compare the sentences. depression indigestion obesity anemia anorexia boldness fatigue ocne eczema Ask students to do Exercise 3b in pairs. use check. Divide students into groups of four or fivc to discuss the questions in Exercise 3e. or that. Checking . 5 Speaking ski lls Ask students to look at the pictures. and check their answers in the Grammar Summary on page 98. You could do exercise Sb as a doss survey. Suggested answers: 1 perfume 2 hair dye 3 razor/shaving foam 4 5 6 7 8 aftershave fake Ian bair conditioner make-upllipstick tattoo --Unit 9 T 91 Pair up students to discuss the questions. which. and then olicit the vocabulary from tho class. Quick 9' Oi III"nOI" guide Relative douses lalso called adjective douses) give more information about a noun in the main clause. and 10 check. Ask studenls 10 complete Exercise 4d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. check their meanings in the Vocabulary Summary on page 98.aning Afterwords. and ask students to repeat. For example: Which of lhese products do you use? How ohen do you use them? How much do you spend on /his product each month? Ask students to walk round the closs and interview as many people as possible in. •• 4 Grammar: re lative clauses Have students road the examples in Exercise 4a and discuss the questions in pairs.

1 What does each picture show? How do the USEFUL LANGUAGE They/You could / should / ought 10 . products/changes make people more attractive? 2 Are they effective'! Which are most effective? 3 Do you use/do any? Which olle(s)? 3 4 Grammar: relati ve clauses a Read the examp les from the presentation and answer the questions. which promote the perfect image. Anorexia. ? It might be an idea to .in Ule region of $15 billion.. 5 Speaking skills a The pictures show ways in which people try to make themselves more attractive. which fall onto dothing around the shoulders. which is slill a lot less than they spend on trying to get thin. In pairs. who is presenting the findings of her recent research Z They do spend more on clothes and accessories . which often affects young girls. can help with some disorders. Why don't they/you try . shouldn't read these magazines. l Our speaker this evening is Dr. are small brown spots. a The sections in italic are non-defining relative clauses. A hangover is a feeling whicht"~3tl get the day after you drank too mllch alcohol. lb Young girls who feel unhappy with their image shouldn't read these magazines. The freckles which~~h get on your face are usually com pletely harmless. Arc any of these problems not related to b~auty or image? Problem depression obesity a norexia ba. . 1 2 tired (aUthe time) loss of energy a skin disorder acid in the stomach lack of iron in your body 3 Which one in each pair contains a nondefining relative clause? la .ldness fatigue You are/fe el depressed overweight anorexic ba ld Yo u suffer from feelings of despair eating for the wrong reasons an eating disorder loss of hair b Compare these two pairs of sentences. which appear on the skin of both males and females . 1 Which of the problems do people in your 2 3 4 5 6 country worry about most? Z Do you know anyone who suffers from any of these problems? 3 What can people do about them? Use the Useful Language to think of some advice. Elena Cameron from the San Diego Institute of Health. w ho are experts in food and eaLing problems. 1 b Complete the table with these adjectives and noun phrases. Is there anything in the pictures that no one would do/use? Brain and beoufy Unil9 . The table lists some possible health problems. answer the questions. are part of the problem. . Nutritionists.. Dandruff is flakes of dry skin in your hair. Freckles. d Add commas where necessary to the fo llowing definitions. 2a Which sentence in each pair describes a particular group ofgirls/magazines? lb. which c Where does the comma come in the sentence? comma comes before the pronoun 5 4~ b Discuss your ideas in class. 2b Which describes all girls/magazines? la. 2a Can we replace the relative pronoun with thol in defining or non-defining relatives? definin g acne/eczem a pimply indigestion a nemia nausea ted faint/dizzy c Check your answers with the Crammar Summary on page 98. Do the sentences make sense if we remove these parts? yes b Which relative pronouns are used in the examples? who. la Young girls. acid in the stomach anorexic dopressed an eating disorde r bald overweight pimply eating for the wTOllg reasons faint/dizzy fedint. makes you want to stop eatin!\. who often feel unhappy with their image. .s ef eles]'>IIH lack of iron in your body loss of energy loss of hair nauseated a skin disorder tired (all the time) c In groups.3 Vocabulary: your image and health a An obsession with beauty is often a risk to one's health. zb Women's magaZines that promote the perfect image are part of the problem. Za Women's magazines. Change the relative pronoun to that where possible.. discuss these questions.

115. and position of things discriminate (against) treat someone unfairly because of race. Most I. 2 Reading skills a Read the article quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1b.Q. He does thiS every day. 1 Speaking skills a An "LQ. linguistic. 110 . hand d fingers 2 Find the picture below that fits best in the empty square. and the way it understands things spatial related to the size. while the second two types can be completed by anyone. ~ . 110. and spatial awareness. he gets into the elevator on the lOth floor and goes down to the 1st floor. a b Most people have heard of intelligence quotient tests (I. tests consist of problems assessing an individual's verbal abilities. such as musical or artistic talent. regardless of their level of intelligence.0. the first two are highly dependent on the language of the person taking the test: non-native speakers are likely to score lower in linguistic tests than native speakers. which brought accusations of racism. (The answers are on page 149. He devised them to test a person's cognitive abilities. and spatial awareness. tests? 4 Have you ever taken an LQ. many people are against such tests because they believe they discriminate against people who learn in different ways from those demanded by the test.e. Clearly. other types of intelligence. l. b Work in groups. shape.0.Q. mainly to identify schoolchild ren who might benefit from extra help. and the tests were discred ited. In addition." test is a kind of intelligence test consisting of problems or puzzles that you have to solve. i. a toes b head .1. which is appropriate as this was the use for which it was originally devised. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence has received a lot of interest. tests have had a long and varied history.0.) 1 Which test did you find easiest I most difficult? 2 What do you think each puzzle is testing? 3 Do you think that the puzzles are more difficult for you than for a native speaker of English? What does this tell you about LQ.0. Take the mini test below. 1. 100 d 80. The first tests were invented by Frenchman Alfred Binet. I. Write the kind of puzzles by each one. numerical ability. such as being able to understand and empathize with other people. The main uses of 1. On hiS way to work in the morning.Q. How quickly can you figure out the answer? A man lives on the' Oth f~oor of an apartment building . Questions 2 and 3. 9S € 05. lOa. Compare your answers to the puzzles and discuss the questions. 1 1 1 1 1 The man is very short and can't reach the button (or the 10th Door. testing today are probably in recruitment of employees and in school testing. test? When? For what reason? GLOSSARY cognitive related to the brain. 105. religion. 1. 90 4 Read the puzzle. When he comes home from 5 k he gets into the elevator and goe :O~d the 6th floor then he gets ou~ and :alkS to the 10th floor. etc.Q. tests) but few people know much about them. empathize (wi lli) understand how someone else feels Unh9 Brain and beauty . but adds to those. In recent years. The tests were grad ually applied more generally and came to be seen as a way of measuring average intelligence relative to other people in the same age group. 1 1 1 1 1 c 3 Which are the next two numbers in this sequence: 120. Why? • • 1 1 1 Today.0. logical reasoning. tests have also been criticized for being too restrictive and not taking into account other abilities. This accepts the traditional ideas of intelligence. tests are considered quite limited in the type of intelligence they measure and they are not generally used so much. 957 a 105. by the seco nd half of the 20th century. tests were being used to support theories that some races were genetically more or less intelligent than others. 1 Shoe is to foot a 'ove to: ( . those of logical. In fact. l. tests usually have different sections to measure different abilities. However.

tell the class to stop.0. Brain and beauty T 92 Unit 9 . 3-0. 2 Reading skills Draw students' attention to the Glossary. After five minutes. Q) Reading Writing topic and supporting sentences Grammar non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers Speaking an Internet article. and then let students check their answers to questions 2 and 3 with a partner before sharing them with the class. 2-e.Q. b restrictive assess d devised e applied Answers: l-d. Ask them to read the text and do the task in Exercise Za. Limit the time to five minutes. There are a number of synonyms in the text.lesls are limited in what they test. 4-<.Q. test in Exercise la . Pul students in groups of four or five to discllss the questions in Exercise lb. 2: spatial awareness.Objectives Topic: intelligence (I. Answers: 2 Puzzle 1 is testing verbal abilities. T •• &:'l Vocabulary work A 1 invented 2 used 3 help 4 measure 5 limited B 0 benefit . 5-b. I. lest 1 Speaking skills Tell students that they have five minutes to take the mini I. test taking and discussing an 1. 4: logical reasoning 3 Yes .highly dependent on the language of the person. 3: numerical ability. You may wish to check these words by writing them on the boord in two lists and asking students to match them. an La. and then let them check their answers on page 149 orlhe Student's Book.

Set up Exercise 3d by doing the first one as an example: Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners. Or have students post their answers on the wall. Let students check answers with a partner before discussing them as a class . tell them to prepare carefully before writing by brainstorming words or phrases tho! would naturally follow from the topic sentence. who learn . Ihey could brainstorm: successful make money work hard get promo/ion be rich Brainstorming these words should help them with ideas for what they could include in the rest of Ihe paragraph. In Exercise 4d .. Answers: the use of I. (They should then underline the first sentence of each paragraph . Clauses a and b comment on the whole sentence..Q. In exercise 4d. 4 Writ ing skills: topi c senten ces Ask students to match paragraphs and topics in Exercise 43. Unil 9 T 93 Brain and beauty ..) Point out the Language Note on page 93. Ask them to research the text to find reasons for why some sentences are nol true. Go around monitoring. Ask students to choose and write down a topic sentence from exercise 3d. 5 False.. 4 True. Answers: . if a student chooses 6 There is more pressure on men /0 succeed and make money . appearance/attractive.. tests to support racist theories its main uses in recruiting and school testing Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 3c with a partner before disclJssing them as a class. . taking notes on which topic sentences best fit the supporting sentences. Afterwards.. (line 11) . t . and point out its structure (location of topic and supporting sentences). (l ine 5) .. NOll-native speakers are likely to score lower. Ask students to predict which words they expect to see in a supporting sentence. For example. . ask individuals to stand up and read their paragraphs aloud (without the topiC sentences) for students to guess. Cive students five to ten minutes to write their paragraphs. Let students check their answers in pairs after they have completed the exercise. for example . consider pulling students in smoll groups to do the task. encoumging/pressure.) Let them check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. .. and they should expect to see similar words. helping with ideas and vocabulary.. which brought . Prepare students to do Exerc ise 4b by doing the first as an example.. By reading the topic sentence. They wero devised as a way of identifying children who needed extra help in schools. (line 26) . which is the mason why other types of learners do badly. in the first set of sentences. which is appropriate (linn 33) defining non-defining defin ing non-defining - Ask students to work in pairs to find answers to the questions in Exercise 3h. The tests were discredited because they were being used to support racist theories. 3 Grammar: non-defining relat ive clauses as sentence modifiers Ask students to do Exercise 38 individuall y and th en check the answers in pairs before going through them wi lh the whole class.... 3 False.. Give students a minute to read through the sample paragraph in Exercise 4c. it is usually possible to guess the general content of the whole paragraph. LA Topic sentences Let students compare answers in pairs before eliciting some good examples from the class and writing them on the board. . Answers: 1 False. They should expect to see some key words repeated. elicit from the class the reason(s) topic sentences are important. Presentation alternative Once students have chosen their topic sentence. and allow students a few minutes 10 circulate around the room.Ask students to read the sentences in Exercise 2b carefully and decide whether they are true or fal se.. A topic sentence is generally the first sentence of a paragraph. 2 False. They are used in recruitment of employees and schoollesting. who might benefit . (They give the main idea of the paragraph.

... which suits the more competitive kind of person. T he m edia is full of a d vertisemen ts encouragin g wom e n to s pe n d more o n the ir a p pearance. 3 Some parents do not have many books in the house .3 with the appropriate nondefining clause a-c. 5 There is more pressure on women to be attractive than on men.Q. which can actu ally make the m less. 4 Writing skills: topic sentences a Look at the article in Ex ~rcise 2..Q. 1 3 We need to understand what it is about height that can give people a head start.Q. 5 The theory of multiple intelligence is less restrictive than the theory behind I....dvertisemcnts encouraging women 0 spend more on their appearance. There is more pressu re on women to be attractive tha n on men. c a which was why he couldn't reach the last button.Q. It is usually followed by one or more supporting sentences. b which was a frightening thought! c which will also test your knowledge of English! d Complete these statements with a non-defining relative clause starting which is the rooson why .. they will always give the same score for people of the same intelligence level. lests are hardly used today. tests are racist.. they !Jui 11e wel'e mw-n1ed Ity ~.. t I. 4 relative pronouns who and w/!ich.Q . testing today? c Match sen tences 1 . . the result of a ll th is pres sure can be count erproductive . just for fun. a .. a 3 So. c Read the sample paragraph. LANGUAGE NOTE A topic sentence gives the main idea of a paragraph. tests.b Only one of the sentences below is true. we are going 10 try the fo llowing puzzles. 3 All I. Can they guess which topic sentence you are writing about? Broin and beauty Unil9 . tests? 2 What is appropriate about I. with one or two sup porting sentences. 5 Z For example.. tests were invented in France. then underline the topic sentence in each paragraph.e. Match three of them with these supporting sentences. Answer the Iwo questions below by findi ng the two non-defining clauses in the article. 1 Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners . Decide which one. x 3 Grammar: non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers a Look at the article again and find oxamples of the sentences. 6 There is more pressure on men to succeed and make money than on women .. It often (but not always) comes at the beginning of the paragraph. beautiful supe rm odels in these seems to im ply that the average woman can look like a su perm o d el if s he buys these prod ucts.Q.Q. 1 The media is full of <. attractive. Do they introduce defining or non-defini ng relative clauses? b We can use non-defining relative clauses to comment on a whole sentence. not m o re . or which explains why .. However. .. tests b The sentences in Exerche 3d arc ali lopic no.Q.. 2 Intelligence depends as much on the environment as on your genes . which means that the majorit y of a d verti sing for cosmetics an d other beauty produc ts is aim ed at wom en .hencA'"m(1:n.. 1 Whal brought accusations of racism to I..w om en become worrie d and stressed abo u t their appearance. . G I. 4 They say tall people do better in li fe. and find the phrases in the article that tell you the others are false or that we don't know they're true. Paragraph 1 the use (If I. Then compare your answers with a partner. b Z The man was very short. Match the paragraphs with the topics. Which relative clauses comment on the whole of the previous sentence? 1 The explorer was in danger of being eaten by wild animals. 4 The tosts are very reliable. dmit knhw Z They were devised as a way of putting less intelligent children into difforent schools. .. sUlllJOrting sentences t:oncJuslon d Read your paragraph aloud to your partner but don't read the topic sentence. i. Then choose one of the other topic sentences from Exercise 3d and write a short paragrap h. exams usua lly have strict time limits. The use of young. tests today Paragraph 2 types of lests Paragraph 3 the histc ry of I.

The secret of life

1 Reading skills
a LoO,k at the pictu res. How old are the people? Which one looks healthier? Why? b The average li fe expectancy has increased a lot in the last hundred years. Discuss the answers to these questions: then read the report and check. 1 What is the life expectancy in the United States now? Men 74, Women 80 2 Why has lifo expectancy increased in the last hundred years? Infectious diseases - less deadly. general environment cleaner, eat better c Underline the important words and ideas in the repo rt and write a brief summary of each paragraph. Then compare your summaries with a partner.

'P~ 1 ieIl.s u.s Ik tie ~n.C1J 100 lP"" ago and Way, and ...

Life expectancy in the last hundred years: changes and reasons for change
A hundred years pgo. liG. expectancy in developed countries was about :lL in the early 21st century. men in the United States and the United Kingdom can expect to live to about 'Ii. VlQIDm to about aQ. and these ages are rising all the time. \Vhat has brought about these changes? \Vhen we look at the life span of people 100 years ago, we need to look at the greatest killers of the time. In the early 20th century, thcse were the acute and often highly infectious diseas~ such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and smallpox. Many children died very young from these diseases and others, and the weak and elderly were always at risk. health has improved with improvements in our general environment: cleaner air, better means of preserving food, better and warmer housing, and better In the developed world understanding of nutrition. these diseases are far ~ deadly today, and in some Q enetically, we should all cases have almost be able to live to about R2. disappeared. A number of but while people do live factors have led to this: longer today, there arc still improvements in sanitation some big killers around and hygiene, the discovery that are preventing us from and use of ~nribiotics, which consistently reaching that make bacterial diseases age. The problems that much less dangerous, and affect people today are the vaccinations against marc chronic illnesscs, common diseases. In such as heart disease and addition, people's general strokes, and those spread by viruses, such influenza and AIDS. Of course, cancer is a huge killer as well. In most cases these diseases affect older people, but there are worrying trends in the developed world with problems such as obesity leading to more heart disease and illnesses such as diabetes at younger ages.

"

The killers today can be "lifestyle classed diseases", which means that it may be possible to halt their progress.

Unil9

BraIn and beouty

Objectives
Grammar

Topic: life expectancy
Vocabulary Pronunciation intonolion in

Reading a newspaper article

lag questions

health and disease

question lags

Ustening a radio discussion

Speaking
discussing ways of improving life expectancy

Write on the boord: food

work

medicine

lifestyle

Irrtroduce the topic

Ask In whol ways have changes in these areas improved our health and fife expectancy? tel students discuss the question briefly in poirs, and then have a whole-dass discussion.

1 Reading skills
Ask studen ts to lell you about the pictures in Exercise la. Possible answers: The woman in the large picture appears to be in her sixties or seventies. and looks much healthier than the oUler woman. Tho h ealth ier woman clearly keeps fit (cycling) and has a healthy lifestylo. Tho other womBn drinks alcohol.

Put studonts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise l b, Encourage them to think ofthree or four reasons for the answer to question 2 before readi ng the text, Help students prepare their summaries by underlining the first two or three important words and ideas as a class, Then ask students to underline other ideas, before chocki ng with a partner, Briefl y elicit answers from the class to make sure students have underlined more or less the same things, then ask students to write their summaries fo llowing the example in Exe rcise l c, Stress the importance of students' using their own words to summarize an article, explaining the main ideas they have understood from reading it. Model summary:
100 years ago life expectancy was on ly 47, whereas today it is 74 fo r men and 80 for women. The shorter life expectancy in the past was a result of killer

infectious diseases, Infectious diseases are less dead ly today because of better sanitation, antibiotics, and vaccinations and because we have im proved general health a nd a cleaner environment. Genetically, we should all reach 85, but we don't because of chronic diseases lile heart attacks and lifestyle trends like obesity, The killers today are "lifestyle diseases," which we have some influence over,

r

For Exercise 3b on page 95 :III Host Welcome to this week's Science Now. Today we
discuss the question: what makes people live longer? There is no doubt life expectancy is increasing, but v.ill this continue? Well. v.ith me to discuss the queslion is Professor foAoyumi Hotushi, an expert on nutrition, and Brion Winter, on exercise coosullont. Brion, you firs!. Brian HeHo. Well. yes, life expedoncy shook:! continue 10 increase, buI there is couse for concem that Iodoy's generation rno( noT rIVE! as long. Host Oh, why's that? Brian Irs completely dooMllo our Ideslyle. We Ieod very inocTiYe lives nc:rw - most people sit all day. We're not exercising enough buI.....e still eot as much as, if nol more than, people vsed 10 eol years ago when most JOOs were active. So this leads 10 obesity and 011 ~s problems, Host So we need more exercise, don't we? Brion Yes, we should do qurte sTrenoous exercise for aboulthirly minutes three limes a week. This will also help 10 ensure good sleep, which is important, Host Okay. Moyumi, do you ogree? Moyumi Oh, yes, lifestyle is very important. My interesl is in nu1rition, as you knaw. Bul did yau

know thai women in Japon live longer than any oTher people on the planet, to aboUT 82 in general? Host No! Why is lhot? Moyumi Irs hard 10 soy exoctly, but one reoson is !he diel: in Japon, we eol lots of fish and fresh vegelables. fd soy thot Japol'lCSe women trodiliooolty don'l hove a 101of stress, though thofs chonging now that more and more are working. Host And Japanese 'NOffiell don1 drink a 104 of okahol, do they? Mayuni fd soy thors changing, too! Host Who! about salt? Thafs bod lor you, Too, isn1 it? Mayumi Too much saU is, yes, buI rd soy.....e eot quite a lot. Oh, and another thing - lea. Teo is good lor you, espe60Ity green tea. Host Oh, I didn'T knavv that Now, we've lalked about diet, exercise, sleep, stress. IS there anything else? Brion Well. rd soy thot irs irnpoflonl 10 Iry To keep oplimistic ond happy and not 10 lei problems stress you too much, I think it's important to hove close friends, people you con rety on and lalk 10. You know what1hey soy - 0 problem shored Is a problem halved!

Brain and beauty

T 94

Unil9

t ·· ~

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
Copy the word map in Exercise 2a on to the board. Ask students to copy it into their notebook. Word maps are a great visual way of recording. learning. and remembering words. Encourage your

students to design word maps for other sets of words taught during the course. Have students do Exercise 2b in pairs or sma!! groups.

3 Listening skills
After students have read the list and selected their five important things. let them discuss their ideas with a partner. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Ask students to listen and check the things mentioned.

Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. You may need
to play the recording a second time before students get all the answers. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Answers will vary.

4 Grammar review: tag questions
Qukk grammar guide
Question togs in English are quite complex, so geHing students to use them accurately can be a slow task. The first key to the system is grasping that auxiliary verbs in the main clouse ore repeated in the question tog. However, the verbs switch from affirmative in the main clouse to negative in the tog clouse, or the other way around. The second key is grasping that when there is no auxiliary in the main clouse, danY, doesn't, or didn'l is needed in the question tog.

Common errors and problems
Students may transfer a simple system of questions togs from their first language 10 English;

You like it, A6? They ore married .
Youlikeit. ~?

?

Students may overuse the tog "isn'l il?

Ask students to complete the question tags as they listen to the audio for Exercise 4a. Play the recording again. pausing at Ule tag questions, if students are not sure of the answers. Let students check their answers to Exercise 4c in pairs before discussing them as a class.

5 Pronunciation : tag questions
Read through the rules in Exercise 5a as a class before doing the exercise. Play the audio again. Ask students to listen and repeat. Play and pause, ask the whole class to repeat. and then ask two or three individuals to repeal the sentences as well. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Ask students to listen and write "checking" or "asking".

6 Speaking skills
Give students five minutes to discuss and list health problems and causes. Briefly survey answers from the class, and ask each group to identify what they think the major problem is. Encourage students to use the example in question 4 as a model for their writing. Finally, have one student from each group present their report to the whole class.

~~----------------------,
a Sa we need more exercise, don't we? b Japanese women don't drink a lot 01 alcohol, do they? c Thars bad lor you, too, isn't it?

\41'---------------------------.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 II isn't raining again, is it? IfaUI Sarah didn't eat much, did she? Ifalll Patrick booked the tickets, didn't he? Irisel I'm invited to the party too, aren't I? Irisel Nothing'S going right these days, is it? {lallJ This is the right place, isn't if? (rise] They'll be late, won't they? 11011 1

Unit9

T 95

Brain and beauty

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
a Go through the report on page 94. Find the d iseases mentioned and the ways o f dealing with some of them. Add them to this word map.

4 Grammar review: tag questions

@

a Complete these tag questions. Listen and check your answers. 1 So we need more exercise, don 't we ? 2 Japanese women don " drink a lot of alcohol, do they ? 3 That's bad for you too, isn't j! ?

ways or dealing with different problems

health and disease

b Complete the rules for tag questions. If the main verb is positive, the tag question is negative . If the main verb is negative, the tag question is positive .

LANGUAGE NOTE
There are some "irregular" tag questions: I'm -7 aren't I? This is -7 isn't it?

b Discuss the diseases and problems in the word map. Think about possible causes of each one from the list below, and how they can be dealt with.
infected food and water bacteria/viruses working too hard eating the wrong food pollution

radiation

stress
alcohol abuse smoking ignorance

c Write the tag questions for these sentences. js it ? 1 It isn't raining again, 2 Sarah didn't eat much, did she ? 3 Patrick booked the tickets, djdn 't be ? 4 I'm invited to the party too. oreo 'l i ? 5 Nothing's going right these days. is it 6 This is the right place. iso 'l iI ? 7 They'll be late, MlIlD'llbey ?

?

3 Listening skills
a The repo rt mentions "lifestyle diseases", which 5 Pronunciati on: tag questions may slop the average life expectancy from ~ a Wo can use tag questions to check something we increasing. How can we improve our lifestyle and think we know, or to ask a real question. If we live longer? Look al this list and decide which ask a real question, the voice rises on the tag five you think are the most imporlant. questions; if we are checking, it falls. Listen to 1 eating fish ~ the three questions from Exercise 4a again. 2 avoiding sugar 0 Wh ich one is "real"? 3 avoiding too much salt Listen and repeat the three questions. 4 not too much alcohol Listen to the questions in Exercise 4c, Write 5 not smoking "checking" or "asking" by each one. 6 doing lots of exercise 7 keeping a healthy weight 8 sleeping well 6 Speaking skills 9 being optimistic IH In groups, discuss ways of improving life expectancy 10 not too much stress ~ in your country. 11 being married I with a partner 0 1 List the ma jor health problems in your country. 12 having close friends ~ 2 List their causes: are they lifestyle·related? Listen to a radio discussion about life expectancy 3 Suggest ways of dealing with these problems. and li festyle. Put a check by the things on the list that are mentioned. 4 Write a short report about one or two of the major problems. Li sten again and answer the questions.

B

o

B B B

o

1 Why is the amount we eat a problem today? because of inactivity and obesity 2 How much exercise should we do? thirty minutes three times a week 3 Why do Japanese women live longer than everyone else? because they eat fish and vegetables, have liule stress and don't drink much alcohol 4 Why does Brian think fr iends are important? you need people to rely on and talk to d In pairs, discuss these questions. 1 Do men or woman live longer in your country? Why? 2 Think of very old people you know. Does anything in their lifestyle explain their long life? 3 Would you like to live to over 1oo? Why? I Why not?

in ouy ayea, a1Le ygi£S aye a 6t-g flYo6&m. 7he)! can be caused by plan!:5 OY pe15, 6u.1 lhe)! can also be caused by ,,"Y pdtu.lU)n, wfuch can ¥eaLt)! damage )!""Y heaLih. 'Peopte can gel vaeem,,5 ag,,"nsC ce.uun aLteygie5, a-nd Ihey 5huuld h-y ..wi ro have plan!:s oy pUs Ihat cause aLteYg"'s. The .f!uvern/",,,n!: sMul.d h-y ro Yeduce atY pcllultnn 6ecau.se tl makes aLUygi£S woyse.
5 Compare your ideas with other groups.

Broin ond beauty

Unil9

1 Warm up
a How do you think you learn most effectively? Before you start work on this lesson, make notes about the ways in which you think you learn best, e .g. visually. by doing things with your hands. by talking to others. b In Lesson 2 oflhis unit you read a little about Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intell igence. Now you are going to learn more about this. Read the lext and write the kinds of intelligence in the table below.

INTRODUCTION
. k that every parent th"nks their \ Teachers often)O e arch Suggests that . . od recent resc child IS a gemus, a roa bcl lntclligence is affect~d to some extent they d~ffercnl factors: gellene, by a number of . nal and so on. In the late environmental, cm otlO d doer of H ar vard Howar ar . 20th centur y, . d dOff nl kinds ofintelhgence, . "ct nnile I CfC I University I C th factors. For examp e, ccount esc which take IOta, a . c which refers to people there is visual tntclhgenc .' maps and so on . th ough pictures, , who learn best r th thcr hand refers to onco ' IOte ' c blem solving, and L ogical ' l JIgene , . th gh numbers, pro . learnUlg rou f . I traditional intelligence analysis. These arc air ~ d tifled more unusual G dncr also I en . types, but ar rural intelhgence .' such as no. d IOtelhgcnce,. nnd thc environment), an re (underst.andlO~ natu ( ki g questions about life), existential intc~lgen.ce a~ : nderstanding yourself intrapersonallOu~\hgcnc () d intcrpersonal d I mng alonc, an d well an ear d' other people an (understa n 109 ·th intelligence . lnlera cong well WI . them) . \Vhal all thIS means is that if we can , identify child ren'S " ~ different strengths among of these type s intelligence, we can hC\~ child ren to fulfill thclr potential as learners.
1

Kind of

What does it mean?

Examples

in telligence

Your ~ score

Verbal

Learning through
language Learni ng thro ugh looking
Learning th rough analysis Learning though doing

Reading articles

2

visual

Using tables and graphs
Problem-solving ac ti vities

'0

3

logical

o

4

Kinesthetic

Doing physical games Using chants and rh ymes Writing a diary at home

5

Musical

Learning through sounds and rhythm Learning through thinking and working on your own Learning by interacti ng with other people Learning through observation of the world Bround you Learning through asking questions abo ut life

6

intral)ersonal

7

interpersonal

Working in groups, e.g. role play Working outside, in the countrySide

,.


natural

existential

Discussing important issues

;,

Unit 9

Brain and beauly

Jane Have you ever analyzed yourself? Do you know how you learn best? Rob I haven'l analyzed it. interpersonal.using language. I feel that t can learn a 101 from ather people. right? I lean toward visual learning. how would you go about learning those words? Who of you would write frans/a/ions? Who would put these words in sentences? who would learn them by miming or matching to pictures? After eliciting a few different answers. irs about teaching. so they were really blocking out some types of learners and making life more diHicull for them . Strange. Rob Oh. um. I'd rother study in a class Ihan on my own. but should teach. For Exercise 6 on page 97 1I Jane I was reading a really interesting article earlier today.. Ask students to read the text and complete the first column of the table in Exercise lb . I haled college . ask What does this Ie/I us about the way we learn? 1 Warm up Have a brief class discussion for Exercise la . Rob Sa you must be. don't you? Jane Oh. the kinesthetic type. yeah. I just like doing things. I don't feel I'm learning unless I write. I like learning through aclivity.. you're right. . I know what you mean. I'm physical. I've heard of that. noun clauses. yeah. too. you can leach in lois of different ways to make the lesson more interesting and to make sure more and more learners are.Objectives Grammar Topic: different types of intelligences and learning styles Reading Ustening Speaking analyzing learning styles verb + verb constructions. For example: jump skip hop leap step stride Introduce the topic Ask If you had to. Thai must be port of verbolleorning . Isn'l it about how diHerent people learn in different ways? Jane Thars right.. Jane Thars right. through games and activities where you get up and move around. Rob I think that we both have something of the other types of learning. Rob Oh. Find out how students feel they learn best. and relative clauses a book extract an informal discussion Write a set of words on the board. I think. you know. um. They didn't use any other techniques. I mean. looking 01 maps and figuring things out from pictures.all the professors iust stood up and lectured all the time. I prefer to study alone and figure oul problems for myself. But. I love Brain and beauty T 96 Unit 9 . too. I mean. too. Rob Not only can teach. wouldn't you? Jane Yeah. ~ ~--------------------------. Thars. you know. Irs about how some people prefer 10 learn through listening or reading or taking notes. it's one of the ways of learning. Rob Yeah? Jane It was about Howard Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences. yes. like I'd always keep notes when the teacher was talking.. you know the kind of thing. you know. kinestheti c. isn't it? Jane Well. Rob I'd say thai writing is also Ie<nning through doing. but I tend to write things down. whereas I lend to be more intropersanal. but you prefer 10 study with other peaple. motivated. surely it's not iust about learning.

4 Feedback Ask students to take turns to read their analyses aloud. but . kinesthetic.. For example. 3 Prepare Ask students to use the phrases in the Usefu l Language box to write 8 short analysis of their learning style.. Presentation alternative Write the following language on the board to he1p with preparing the report: We all tend /0 . labeling. brainstorm on the board ideas for types of activities that could be used in and out 01 closs to facilitate learning.. J prefer doing problem-solving (lctivities to reading or speaking. Ask each grou p to report to the class. Ask students to co mplete the sentences and check their answers in pairs... Have a brief class discussion o f students' answers..2 Tas k Ask students to work ill pairs to add to the Examples column in the table. students could draw and match pidures more when studying vocabulory ot home. whereas.. Aften'lsrds. and videa in closs.. From a show of hands . inlrapersonal Jane: visua l... Ask studcnts to work out their score and discuss the results with a partner. and .. if mostleorners are visual. . ask a few students to briefly su mmarize what they found out about their partner. You cou ld help students by reading out a model ana lysis. find out which types of learners are most common in the class. Answers: Rob: verbal... Also.. Thon ask studonts to tell their new partner about their learning style: I tend to learn best by analyzing.. Additionalodivity The Qudioscripl for Track 42 is on page T96 '" Unit9 T 97 Brainondbeouty . drowing. kinesthetic . you could use more pictures. Let students check their answers witb a partner beforo discussing them with the class. . For example: 1 learn best by analyzing. I lean toward doing probJem+solving activities rother Own reading or speaking. prefer .. Bearing in mind which types 01 intelligence are most common in the closs. 7 Follow up Divide students into groups of four to six to share their ideas and prepare a report in note fonn. Give students two or three minutes to prepare a brief description of their learning style using the new languago. .. 5 Comp are Play the audio for Exercise 5.. Ask students to listen and say what typos of intelligence the speakers have.. On the a/her hand / In contrast. Both . interpersonal •• 6 Notice Play the audio agai n for Exercise 6a. tables. leons toward . On one hand . Change pai rs in the classroom. You may need to play and pause to give students sufficient time to write their answers.

.. 1 Jane: Some people prefer ..... Make noles to toll your partner about how you learn. J prefer . 2 Rob: I lend . . describe your styles of learning to each other. Complete the sentences below. Read the table again and give yourself a score of 0-3 for each type of intelligence.. 3 = This is one of the ways I learn best.. Which types of intelligence do they each have? Brain and beauty .. 2 = I sometimes learn in Ihis way. 1 '" I rarely learn in tbis way.2 Task a Usa your noles from Exerc ise 18 to add more exam ples to the table. 8 Rob: . c Decide w hich are the three most common types of intelligence in the class.. 5 Jane: I like .. Listen 10 your partner's analysis.. 3 Prepare Use your scores above to list your styles of learning. 4 Jane: I love . Whal kinds of intelligence do you all have? Which is the most common kind ofintelligence in the group? b Report the resu lts of your group to the whole class.. 7 Follow up USEFUL LANGUAGE I learn best by. b Find out about your "intelligence" (we can all have more than onc type of intelligencel. Keep a note on the most common types of intelligence in other groups. b In the sarno pairs.. J like I don 't like .. Did anything surprise you about your partner? Did you agree with their analysis? 5 Compare ~ Listen to Rob and Jane doing the same task. 6 Rob: I prefer . I'd rather . 4 Feedback a Present your analysis of ycur learning sty les to your partner. b Discuss your learning styles together. 3 Jane: I lean toward ... This time try 10 use some of the language in Exerciso 6a.. 6 Notice Listen to Rob and Jane again. . 0 ". I don't learn like this at all... .. 7 Jane: I'd rather . describe your learning styles to each other again. Can you give me an example a/what you mean? a In groups. wheroas I tend ..

(She's the woman. Where the relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause. doesn't she? 71 F""" In simple tenses (simple PfBSSfIt and past).1UWY. )la:. wfuch is one of tAe k5l 1t. If the verb in the main part of the sentence is negative. It usually begins with who.. UJ peyson. a professor Switzerland a manager a biologist chemistry smallpox Vocabulary Summary 1 Diseases and problems acne """". Use relative clauses where you can. isn't it? There al'8n 't any concerts here this weekend. which have sold millions of copies. the tag question is negative. it is odd that she lives in a big hOuse) The elections taka place SVSf}' three )'OOIS. which is very democrafic. al'8 there? My wife. If we leave out the information in the relative Clause. ~. we can leave it out: I failed the math exam (that) I took last month.'1 Mandy tOOk the intelligence tast that focused on spatial awareness. is spyuut from peyson. i.. Unit 9 Broin ond beauty . can 6e ptt'V'en1:ed now by a "Y(lCC. hasn't he? With modal verbs.e qr cqu. Choose a word to define from the list. can he? If the verb in the main part of the sentence is positive.e. al'8 they? M8J'k's been with that company for years.gh. which. 2 Gabriel Garda Marquez wrote A Hundred 'rOOrs of SoJitude. In this use the voice falls on the tag question: '!-tlu've been to Europe several times.n:niey. using words and phrases from 2. 3 Mumps is a painful disease. didn 't he? In other tenses we use the auxiliary that is used to form the tense: In defining relative clauses we often use the pronoun that instead of who or which. Non-defining relative clauses Kevin and Laura aren't coming tonight. 5 LQ. thing. that. (The relative clause identifies which test. is especuu1:y welL-known.'vam U1U-vey~. Choose five of the diseases or problems in 1 and write a definition/description of each.. whose. ~. Then compare your sentences with a partner.. strnss 2 Non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers We can use non-defining relative clauses with which to commeflt 00 the Idea in a 'NhoIe sentence: 3 Prevention and cure antibiotics mediCation diet sanitation exercise sloop hygiene vaccination She lives in 8 v&y big house. 3 Tag questions u. wfuch t. guess which word your partner is defining. to ask about something we don't know. we foon the tag question with doIdoes/did: information in defining relative clauses: She's the woman who won the beauty contest. wluch is caused by a "YtrnJ. She speaks English..>cia diabetes indigestion smallpox 2 Causes of disease I health problems alcOhol abuse viruses smoking bacteria pollution eating disorders radiation infection / infected food or water . . Note that we do not use the pror1C)IJ'I that in non-defining relative clauses. when we snee. who 's an architect.otics a hangover a topic sentence Japan alcohol an optimist B A professor. 4 Tom Cruise used to be married to Nicole Kidman. giving more infonnation in non-defining relative clauses. Note that defining relative clauses are not separated from the main clause by commas.e. tests are restricted to traditional kinds of intelligence. haven't you? :::. are read by young and okJ alike. .) Jack lived in this house..5 9t'V'en UJ e/4. and any other language you need. 1 Harvard University is especially well-known for its law school. In this case.-e'1f .LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Relative clauses A relative clause gives more information about a noun 1"1 the main clause of a sentence.L~. We can use tag questions to check something that we think we know.. using a relative clause. we use the modal to form the tag questiOn: Brian can't sing very well. In pairs. WOrlcs for the lOcal fflUflkipaIity. and that we always separate them from the main clause with a comma. the sentence stilt makes sense: It's really cold today. The Harry Potter t:xx:Jks. . where or when.sdtes m tAe wo-dd.AIDS allergies anem~ eczema """"'" fatigue tuberculosis _esOOo heart disease innuenza stroke pneurT'oOflia A It's a person who teaches in a university.I Identifying or defining relative clauses This kind of relative clause tells us exactly which person or thing we are talking about.'y(:y pecple e. antib.In!lue:n}4.e. fqr lis taw scAoot. Non·defining relative clauses are used mof8 in written than spoken English.Jl:. or idea. the tag question is positive: This kind of relative clause gives additional information about a person.e. the fact that the elections take place fNefY three years is democratic) Write a sentence about each of the following. There are two types of relative clauses: defining (Identifying) and non-defining. We cannot usually leave out the We can also use them to ask a real question. which is odd. the voice rises on the tag question: I don't know Pilar. because she doesn't have much money.

I". I already do this. figure out the meaning first. think about these areas. and little.. exchange and read the final written report about one of the most popular team sports in your country from Unit B. h Go back to your lisl from time to lime. are the punctuation. e g a 1 Think of grammar as a fun puzzle and a!\-vays try to a Set short. d Then dlec!<: your ideas about meaning by looking for other examples to see if they fit. 2 Few people have high enough scores to be considered geniuses. Match the tips with the examples of hOw to use the techniques. few. 3 Remember it's not enough to know the form . I'm not interested in this.) Do these examples confirm your ideas? d Now check your ideas with the Language note on page 103. X". A good w'iX'f to do this is by under1ining examples of it in texts and making by noting the form. Note: you wijU need to show a classmate the notes on the grammar that you have made in your notebook at the end of Unit 10. spelling. You can also check 'Nitl1 a grammar book. word order (e. I. increasing your depth of understanding of the fl8V>I item. c Can you tI1ink of / find any other examples of these? (The text in Exercise 2b on page 102 might hep you. You also need to understand and record the meaning(s} c '" for example. create a special grammar section in your normal notebook.g. f • Finally. L. a Use the examples to try to figure out the differences between a few. You do not want to sound too formal in an informal situation.z Z C) 01: Written grammar 1 Thinking about grammar a In small groups. but regu~ times to go over new grammar again. and grammar correct? ~ ~ grammar? (Is it easy/diffJcultl\ogical7) 2 When you make notes on new grammar.U L. Think in terms of both the form of the language and the meaning. 4 There is little hope of finding any survivors now. Brain and beauty Unit9 . a little. ACTION PIAN I> Your action plan: working with written grammar If you do not have a special notebook for grammar.. *= I m ight try this. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy: is the language correctly used? For example. what information do you include? o >o > o c. look at these examples and follow the steps below. 2 Be systematic about hOw you record tle'N grammar b . 3 A little wisdom can go a lOng way. b • Look for examples of it in differenl contexts. 1 What do you personally think about English D<J<] REVIEW Revtew your action plan: writing 8 short report In pairs.sk yourself d you know wilen to use the grammar. *** = I will try this. record this grammar in your notebooks so thai you will remember how it is used. actively look for appropriate situations when you can use the language. ' notes in the margin.. Ten minutes a day is enough. or the opposite! b 7 Keep a ~st of the grammatical mistakes you keep making in a special part of your notebook. discuss these questions. such as in order to + nfinitive: The 5 Review all new grammar regular1y or you 'Nil! forget government has increased wages in order to gain popularity before or hearing it again and again 'Nil! rep rneroory as well as . whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. Vv'hile you are working on Unit 10.e. e For example: we can express purpose 'Nith connectors that are followed by an infinitive. 4 f:. cross it off your 1 St. b Look at the list of techniques again and mark each one with one of these keys: . Seeing f " the election.0. of the grammar and give an example to illustrate the meaning.. subject + verb + OOject). b Compare your ideas with other pairs.U d . 2 Working with grammar a Here are eight lips to help you learn new grammar thOroughly. 3 Putting the tips into use In pairs. note down some grammar that interests you and use the steps in Exercise 3 to understand and record it. VV11erl you don't make that mistake any more. -J ~ 3 What techniques do you use to learn new grammar? 4 What is "grammar"? b Share your ideas with the class. e Finally. scores. 1 t know a few people who have really high 1. g This couk:l be n a conversation or when you are writing something. in Vllhich kind of situations. As you read.

there are lots of job opportunities. You will need to add a question word to each one. 'in c Match A and B to make complete sentences. do you? 2 Picasso and Dali are both Spanish painters. (ill order to) He wore a suit in order to make a good Impression at the interview . Use the words in parentheses. which is 2 They don 't know each other. they had missed thoir bus. There isn'l a bank around here. 3 He woro a suit because he wanted to make a good impression at the interview. 1 I can'l imagine I he I lives on I salary I can't imagine how he lives on hislthat salary. ironing (iron) but I hate ill c not always the best way to lose weight. 1 You don't have a car. Where he wants to live. (even though) The runners all managed to finish the marathon even thouKh the weather Was terrible . thatlwhich 3 I hate books have long chapters. Write the pronoun in the correct place.he had finished college. A 1 H Eating (oat) loss is 2 The childron apologizod for 3 Gettinll u~ (gel up) early 4 She denim\ 5 He doesn't mind 2~ h being (be) late. "fw She's the teacher " taught me French. d stealing (steal) clothes from the store. 2 The weather was terrible. 3 I always feel homesick' think ' friends ' my hometown I always feel homesick when(ever) I think of my friends and my hometown. could she ? 5 Excuse me. However.shlng ' . 4 this country' need ' greater ' economic stability What this country needs is greater economic stability.a Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. e is something I really hate! a 1IID 3W <lID sl!!l d There is a relative pronoun missing in all of these sentences. (in spite 00 She failed the test in spite of answering all the questiON . aren't they ? 3 It's been raining all day. she failed the test. (however) Cosmetic surgery is very ewensive. ~ unfair. have great special effects. that had 1 We saw an interesting film last night lwl. which was 5 Tbey only bought one oftheir three children a bicycle. However. " which have 4 The Star Wars films . music but no dialogue. 2 The interviewer asked I she I wanted I do I after I finish I college The interviewer asked what she wanted to do after finl. Then write the correct fonn of the verbs in parentheses. is there? . strange as they work in the same building. and add commas where necessary. a lot of women have it b Expand these notes to make complete sentences. 5 he I want ' live' there ore' Jots I job opportunities He wants to live when there are lots of job opportunities. 5 A lot of women hove cosmetic surgery even though it is very expensive. 1 Although she answered all the questions. hasn't it ? 4 She couldn't speak Japanese a year ago. 4 She took up karato so as to defend herself from attack. the runners all managed to fini sh the marathon. ~ been a huge success. a e Complete these questions with appropriate words. (so that) She took up karate so that she could defend herself from aUack .

stress wrist Complete the text with the correct form of the words in parentheses. 1 He can ju mp vory high. 5 Mary is reall y n very nice person but she has such Ihm lips that her smilos look fal se. . . A HEALTHY LIFE Modem lite brings with It a wide range of illnesses and diseases.'=~~) 3 hin knee g Complete these sentences with a noun that describes an athlete and that is related to the words in italic. 2 I don't like my low foreh ead . in some countries (sanitary) is very poor and can result in a number of 3 ~nfect) that spread in dirty water poilu lion (pollute). obesity . 4 It happens in the spring .:. patients are told to lead a less 1 2 sanitation stressfu l (Stress) lite It they can possibly do so. for example. fatigue . 3 I guess it's partl y poor diet and no exercise. a llergy 5 I fee l nervous and tonse nil the ti me. 3 Ho can run short dis tances ve1J' quickly. as well as treating the symptoms. Your eyelids look very heavy and yo ur eyes are bloodshot. 2 Sho can jump a long dis tance. especially at work. abdomen ankle armpit bottom calf elbow fingers fist foot hand hoad heel hip knee Deck shin shoulder thigh toes waist wrist What are theso patients suffering from? Use the noun form oftive of the words from the box. foot o-{:. as this is one of the main reasons !of sickness infUI:tions in the western world.. 4 I never like to sec a prominent chin on a pohtlClan . 2 anJd. but I'm 40 pounds overwOIght.::. Ho's a weiehtlifter .---. . so we really have to fight the causes of illness. He's a great hjgh jumper . . They make him look surprised all the lime. Use the context to hell> you. 2 I look so pale and I just don't have any energy. But the more antibiotics we use. In other parts of the world there are other reasons for illness. Sho's a champion long jumper . and a variety of cures and remedies. 3 You need to gel more sleep. Doctors prescribe different kinds of 5 to counter illnesses. .my eyes start to water and they Itch badly. chi n forehead eyelids eyebrows nose lips cars eyes mouth 1 His eyebrows arc very arched . Cities in many countries cause problems because they have serious levels of 4 arising from the number of cars. It gives . often (medicaij med icine and food. the mare resistant the bacteria become.. allergic fatigued d iabetic can cerous obese strossfu l bald anemic depressed 1 I just can't feel positive about anything -l ife seems so black to me .dmuession . Kids at school used to call me "Neanderthal Boy".f Complete the sentences with five ohhe facial features from the box. darling. He's a great sprinter 4 She can jump in to the water hood first from a great height. . Sho's an Olympic d iver 5 He can lift 150 kilos. the impression that they're very stubborn. waist h Label the pictu re on the right using ten of the words from the box. the most common of which are antibiotics.. but also from factOfies. Nowadays.

Unitl0 The world around
lesson 1
1 Speaking skill s

us
2 Reading skills
a T he following sentences come from the article below Read them and predict what the article is about. .

,I W,lin! d~ you know about waler? Take the wat erw ise qUI z and find ou\.

1 The city is lndore, in India, where [ grow up. 2 A project to draw water from the Narmada Ri ver lay unfinished for years.
3 T he city doesn't s leep easy. 4 Moreover. the water shortage is not shared equally. 5 M~ Il~oth er reminds every household member whe w IiI listen to use less water. ..........

b Read the article aud check your predictions. The sentences from 2a are missing from the start of paragra p~s A.-E. Write the numbers of each sentence "-" at the begmnmg of the appropriate paragraph.

Precious Fluid ~;
A~ It sleeps with one ear tumed to the fully opened faucets with buckets dangling from them. At the first sounds of the water's arrival through the pipes in the pre-dawn dark, bodies spring from beds to fiU buckets and pots. In the slums, people have been awake since before the first droPS arrived. Uning up, half-asleep with their pots by the communal tap, waiting. Sometimes the water runs for an hOur, sometimes just a few minutes. Sometimes the water company skips a day or two, sometimes more. B~ Several trips are made through the day to inspect the level of the tanks _ one on the roof of our house, one on the ground. The city'S poor people, with hardly any storage at their disposal, are forced to buy exorbitantly priced water brought in by tanker. Rghts erupt. There have even been murders.

e lIl

It has 1.5 million inhabitants and there has been a water problem here as far back as I can remember. Today it is estimated that the water supply to the city is half of the amount required . A rise in population and a steady decline in rainfall are usually blamed. But there are other culprits, too.

D@}

Meanwhile, Indore's streams, an histOrical source of water, were neglected and tumed into drains. The govemment's '-promise of "a faucet in every home" tums people into passive consumers of state-provided water, weakening the traditional role of communities in maintaining local water supply. The street where the rich live has lush gardens, even during the dusty Indian summer. An industrialist's mansion down thl road from my parents' house has an indoor swimming pool. ........ And then there are whole localities with either very little water or no water at all.

E!D

~ b Now listen and check your answers. c In grou ps, compare your scores. Who is the most "water-wise"? Which is the most important fact you discovered fro m the questionnaire?

.,. GLOSSARY (see opposite page)

UnitlO

The world around us

Objectives
Grammar quantifiers

Topic: water
Reading a magazine article, a quiz Ustening a conversation

Speaking
laking and discussing a quiz

Write wateron the boord. Put students in pairs and ask them to write as many uses for water as they can in one minute. Find oul which pair thought of the most uses. Possible list:

Introduce the topic

you con drink it; you can swim or dNe in it; you can water plonts with it: you can wash in it; you can hove a shower or bath in il; you can wash dishes with it; you can wash clothes/cors/windows with il; you con make fountains, pools, and ornamental ponds; you con go sailing/woterskling/windsurfing/speedbooling on il; you con put flowers in il; you can freeze it and make ice for your drinks; you con boil it and make tea; steam engines

There are many numbers in this unit, Here is how to pronounce a few. 60% = sixty per cent 1.5 liters", one point five liters 0.01% '" zero point zero one per cent (in British English, nought paint nought one per centl 2025 '" twenty twenty~five 400.000", four hundred thousand

Note on numbers

1 Speaking skills
Ask students 10 lake the quiz in Exercise la . Limil lhe lime 10 five minutes. Play the audio for Exercise l b. Ask students to Iislen and check their answers. Then let groups of students discuss the quiz. Afterwards, find out ITom the class what surprised or worried them.

@

2 Reading skills
Pul students in pairs 10 predict ITom the sentences in Exercise 2a . Ask students to read the article quickly, and find out whether any of their predictions are mentioned. Draw attention to the Glossary. Briefly, elicit answers ITom the class.

T .• ~

.~~-----------------------------------------------,
~

Put students in pairs to match sentences to paragraphs in Exercise 2b .

A lers check the answers now. B Okay. You read out the questions, and I'll give you the answer from the bock 01 the magazine. A Right. Question 1. How long can the overage person survive without water? We said b. three weeks. B We were wrong. II"s a - only three days. A Is Ihat all? Wow! Okay, question 2. What can happen if you don't drink water regularly? We said a - you develop kidney problems. B And a it is! That's correct. Question 3? A How much water should you drink every day? We said b. about half a liter. B Actually, it's a. at least one and a half liters. That's a 101, isn't it? A Yes, it must be about seven or eight glosses. I don't drink that much water. B Neither do I, but maybe we should. Okay, question 4. A Right. How much of our body is water? We said c, 60 per cent. B Thars right, c, irs about 60% water. A Good. Now, 5, approximately how much wa ter do we have in our body? We said c, 50 liters. B And we were right. C - our bodies contain obout 50 liters of water. A Well, that was okay. Question 6 was how much of the earth's surface is covered by water? We said c, 70%.

B Yeah, right again, irs over two-thirds water, so about 70%. We're doing okay. So, question 7? A 7. How much 01 the earth's water is drinkable? We said c, 10%. B ah, not so good here. The answer is b. In fact, irs less than one per cent. A Gosh, I didn't know thaI. Okay. Question 8, how much water does an overage African use every day? We said 0, five liters. B Yeah, that's right, a, five liters. A Good, and question 9, how much water does an overage American use every day? We said it would be more, so about 50 liters, b. B Well, we were wrong again. The overage American uses about 500 liters of water every day! Thors c. A Thars amazing - and frightening. How do we use that much? B I suppose in boths and using hosepipes, and washing cars - all that kind of stuff. A Yeah, , expect you're right Last question - by 2025, how many people on the planet will face a water shortage? We said 0, one third. B Well, the horrifying truth is that irs c, about Mo-thirds. Isn't that awful? A Yes. So how did we do? B Uh, we got five right and fIVe wrong, so it wasn't too bod, bull think we should really know more about things like this ..

The world around us

T l02

Unit 10

Ask students to research the article and list points under the headings in Exercise 2c. Afterwards, build up a class list of points on the board. Possible answers: The poor: lhey get up early to line up at the communal tap; they have to buy overpriced water because they can't collect water; they fight over water, and people are murdered. The rich: not affected; lush gardens and indoor swi mming pools The author's fami ly: mother reminds people to use less water; she inspects the fam ily water tanks regularly.

End this part of the lesson by having a brief class discussion about the questions in Exercise 2d.

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
Do the first as an example to get students started on Exercise 3a. Point out every household member in sentence 5 of exercise 2a, and tell students to underline it. Then tell students to find and underline other sentences with quantifiers in the text. Let students check ill pairs. Then ask them to discuss Ule questions in Exercise 3a in pairs.
Quick grammar
The problem with quantifiers is which words they go with - countable or uncountable nouns? Singular or plural nouns? And, since Ihis is often different from students' firsl languages, il can lead to many errors.

guide: quantifiers

Common problems and errors
Some nouns may be countable in students' languages and uncountable in English or ",ice verso;

-

All the furnitures 6fC comfortable. There .¥;R "
FF1~€-R

nice clothes here.

He gave me a lot of informaliofl5. Much, many, and a lot of I lots of cause confusion: He has fRI:JER money. Little and few may be interchangeable in the students' first longuoges. I have lew money,

Answers: Every household member Somelimes just a few minutes Several trips are made ... With hardly any storage , .. .. . half the flmOWlt required ... very litUe water or no water at all.

followed by countable, singular nOWI followed by a countable, plural noun - a small quantity followed by a countable, plural noun -a mediwn quantity followed by an uncountable noun · - a very small quantity followed by an uncountable noun'" followed by an uncountable noun - a small quantity followed by an uncountable noun *

*Note that. although followed by all w lcountable here, Ulese can also be followed by counlables, (hardly any people; half the students, etc.) Ask students to complete the table in Exercise 3b, then check wi th a partner. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 3c. Let students check with a partner before discussing as a class, Go through the example in Exercise 3d as a class, then give students a minute or two to read the facts and think of how they can express the facts using quantifiers. Remind them about the Language Nole. and clarify any confusion related to using/ow I a few and little I a little. Put students in pairs to discuss. Monitor and listen for accurate use of quantifiers. Afterwards, elicit from each pair their "best" sentence.

Unit 10

T 103 The world around us

c Read the article again and make notes on how the water problem affects these people. the poor the rich the aUlhor's family d Are water shortages andlor water pollution a problem in your country or region? What are the problems? Can you suggest some solutions?

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
a Find the quantifiers below in the article and the sentences in Exercise 2a. Underline the sentence each quantifier is in. Then answer the questions. every a few several hardly any half very litt le no
1

c Complete the sentences with an appropriate quantifier. 1 "Some more wine?" "No thanks. I still have some/a HIlle left." 2 It is the responsibility of even person to take care of the environment. 3 "Would you like to try the left or right shoe?" " I'd like to try .hW.h.. of them, please." 4 There are a (ew!some/seyeraJ coins left in the car. We'd better got them for the parking meter. S We get a lot of/a good deal of rain here in the summer, so the grass is very green.
d In pairs, d iscuss these facts about water. using an

Are the quantifiers followed by countable or uncountable nouns? 2 If the quantifier [s fo llowed by a countable noun, is it singu lar or plural? 3 Which quantifiors refer to a large quantity and which 10 a small quantity? correct group below.

appropriate quantifier. We Jose 0 Jot of our water because of old pipes. / We waste a great deal o[ water.

b Write the <!Uanlifiers from Exercise 3a in the

Amazing facts!
We lose 70% of our water because of old pipes.

Quantifier type Inclusive Large or medium quantities Small qua ntities Precise quantities Negative qua ntities

Examples both, either, each, ~, all many, a lot of. a groat/good deal of. seyeral some, few, ~, hardly aoy, yecr little a quarter, two-thi rds, ..llillL neither. ......lliL....., none

The average citizen in Britain uses 200 liters of water a day.

LANGUAGE NOTE Nota tha differonce betwoen Q [ew/o little and felli/little: We get a littlo rain every day. / The ground is dry because lIIe get little rain in the summer. There are a few French speakers here. / There are few speakers left of some languages. a felll/fl little", some: [elll/little = not enough

An average citizen in Mozambique uses 9 hters of water a day.

400,000 litres of water is used In the production of a car.

GLOSSARY (Procious Fluid) dangling hanging, swinging slum poor area of a town with very bad housing exorbitant overpriced, costing much more than is usual culprit person or thing responsible for something badlillegal drain passage through which water or sewage nows away lush very green nnd healthy

Over two-thirds of the earth's surface is water.

Only 0.D1 % of the earth's water is drinkable.

The world around us

Unit 10

lesson2

1 Listening skills
a Look at the picture. What do you tllink the object is? Why is tho man !ooking al it? b Choose a caption for the picture from the olles on the right. @ C Listen to Pari 1 orlhe radio program to check your answer. ~ d In pairs, guess the answers to these questions. Then listen to Part 2 and check your guesses. 1 How many pieces of man-made jWlk are there in outer space? 70,00010150 ,00 2 What kind of man-made jun k is there? mostly sateUiles and rockets, but also wrenches, gloves, cans and bags, scraps of paper, plastic 3 Who dumped it in outer space? astronauts 4 What might happen if this junk falls back onto the earth? it might disintegrate when it enters the earth 's atmosphere 5 What's the largest thing that has ever fallen back onto the earth? a space station 6 Wh o does the garbage belong to? USA, Russia, Britain, Germany
e What do you think can be done to solve the problem of "space junk"?

<DGreat Balls of Fire ®
_ one of the tWO

"T'his South
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®A South
African farmer keeps his '--" distance from the bomb in case it explodes.

metal obiects
that fe\\ from the skY and landed ,

white hot , on a farm near

an UnUSual Orm of the €'<lme in Which
the ball is mad

r.

oUI

PaYer is tr .

AFricans I OCcer

CapeTown.

of melal.

e

3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases
a We use of to combine the conta iners and their contents. e.g. a lube o/toothpaste.
1 Which word in the phrases below has the main stress? the container word . 2 Which word is weak. with the vowel reduced to I~I? of a can of baked beans a carton of milk a jar of honey a bailie of beer a box of chocolate a bag of chips

@

b Listen and check your answers. Then repeal.

2 Vocabu lary: containers
a in the radio p rog ram. Major Lewis mentioned cans and bags among the space junk. What might have been in them?
b What usually comes in these containers? Put lhe things in the box in the correct columns.

c In pairs, check your an swers to Exercise 2b. Say the phrases with the correct stress. A inslan/ coffee B a jar of ins/ant coffee

4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers
a What is the differe nce between a lube of toothpaste and a toothpaste tube? Label LANGUAGE NOTE the pictures with the two phrases. We do not use the plural farm in these b Listen to the phrases phrases: and re peat them. Where is the main stress in a call of ooked beans these phrases? but (looked bean can.......,.. The main stress is on the first word .

instant coffee paint jam orange juice matches wine ice cream cookies cereal mineral water soda ointment olives tools lemonade potatoes yogurt
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C ."
paint soda

,,,
honey instant calfee jam

Carton
milk

Do.

Bottle

toothpaste bakod beans ointment

chocolate beer cereal matches wine IDOls

chips

..,

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orange juice icecream

orange cerfllli juice wine potatoes

lemonade ointment yogurt olives

minerai cookies water soda lemonade

=-=
tube oftoothpaste

= =

----

too thpas te lube

UnillO

The world around us

a large metal hal! that fell from space. Make sure students are pronouncing of with a weak stress. 10 Sd. CJ @ ~ For Exercise 1d. Answers will vary.Objectives Topic: iunk and disposing of waste Vocabulary containers Grammar modal verbs: active and passive Pronunciation stress in phrases Ustening a radio interview Speaking discussing waste Write on the board: Introduce the topic a garbage can a recycling center a wastepaper basket a second-hand clothing shore a yard sale a landfill site Ask What sort of things do we put in or give to Ihese places or things? Why? Do you pay attention to whether you get rid of your garbage or junk? 00 you recycle things? 1 Listening skills Ask students to work in pairs or groups oflmee or fo ur to discuss the picture in Exercise l a and match the caption from Exercise lb.~ 47"---------. we investigate a new kind of garbage called 'space junk: We begin with the mysterious appearance of two metal balls that formers in South A frica say fell from the sky near Cope Town. It is 0 good ideo to bring in 0 shopping bag of different tubes. Now. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. o can of baked beans a jar of haney a carton of milk a box of chocolate a bottle 01 beer a bog of chips The world around us T 104 Unit 10 . Afterwards. whereas toothpaste tube is describing the object. irs not the first time man-made junk has fallen on to earth from outer space. regardless of whether the tube has anything in it or not. and point out that tube of toothpaste means Ihere is toothpaste in it. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Let students check answers in pairs hefore disc ussing them as a class. I 46i'-... Play the recording again . a baked bean can a honey jor a milk carton a chocolate box a beer bottle Ho" W"com. Point oul both the illustration and the Language Note. Space watchers say that.n" In Adlon " lodoy. cans. 100.. Ask students to listen to find out if their predictions were correct. and it seems it wan·1 be the last. You can use them to elicit the vocabulory. then ask students to complete the table in Exercise 2b. Model the activity briefly to preview and encourage the use of modals: I'm not sure. T . first put students in pairs to predict answers. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise le. in fact. ond bogs. .. Here in the studio 10 throw light on the problem is Major Richard lewis.. Ask students to listen and check their predictions. something falls from the sky ~ery day. You can also use them in the pronunciation activity that follows to proctice stress in phrases.. The best caption: 1. Using realia 3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases Ask students to work in pairs to predict answers to the question s in Exercise 3a. but J think there must be millions. Play the audio for Exercise Ie. and ask students to repeat chorally. Ask students to listen and repeat. ask stu dents in pairs to look hack at exercise 2b and practice pronouncing the answers with the correct stress. Then p lay the audio.• ill I The audioscript for Track 45 is on page nos ::. 2 Vocabulary: containers Encourage specu lation about the question in Exercise 2a. bottles. Answer: Th e object is space junk . jars. @ 4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers Ask the question in Exercise 4a to the class.. Ask one or two individuals 10 repeat individually. t . pausing after each phrase.. For Exercise 3c. program. Ask students to listen and check. compile a list of possible explanations on the board from the class's answers.

scraps of paper and plastic. Britain and Germany have only one piece of trash each that we're aware of. Monitor carefully and be ready for questions. weighing about . Presenter I see. b Somebody must track all the junk . the United Stotes owns the mosl oboul 3. And where did all this junk come ' from? Lewis Well. 45'-----------------------------------------------------------~ For Exercise ld on page 104 II. ask them to outline the main problems and their recommendations for reducing and disposing of waste. Presenter A whole space stolion! Was anybody hurt? Lewis No. and Russia is second with 2. they should be destroyed when they start to fall to ovoid any damage. c 2 is more objective because it does not "blame" anyone by saying who should be building landfill sites. Answers: a Ought is followed by to. And of course. elicit answers from the class and clarify any confusion. In fact there are probably a lot more than 8. We tend to use the passive to be impersonal and objective. like /I is necessary Ihal . Oughllo is also a problem . Presenter Uh. There were in fact two balls. pieces of junk? Do we know? Lewis Yes. Presenter Major L ewis. uh . they're between one centimeter and 10 em in size. but mostly we're talking about parts of satellites and rockets. Encourage students to practice all the vocabulary introduced in this section. Altogether. 35 kilos and it landed with a loud boom in a vineyard only 50 meters or so from where some farme rs were working. At the end.000 items. at the Space Center at present. countries with satellites and space stations ought to be made to take more care of their things in space.. After students have discussed the questions. let's sayan astronaut drops a wrench while he's working at the space lab. Then ask students to add to the list any ideas they can think of. huh. Give students a couple of minutes to read through the table in Exercise 6b. Do the first sentence in Exercise 5e as an example. Presenter And how big are these .. then have a brief discussion with the class. we're tracking around 8. that wrench goes out into space and becomes a piece of spoce junk. that was a very hal metal sphere. But this kind of thing happens every day. Somebody ought to make the countries take more care .. vote on which group had the best ideas. The subject is somebody.in other words. if possible. Presenter Well.000 to 150. Check any problem vocabulary.. we think there are about 70.both beca use it is followed by 10 and because it is difficult to pronounce. well. Put students back in the same groups as for exercise 6a. And what kind of things are we talking abaut? Lewis All kinds of things ~ wrenches. uh . cons and bags. Presenter One last question: who does this gorboge belong to? Lewis Actuolly.500.. 5 Grammar: modal verbs + active and passive Put students in pairs to work through Exercises 5a to 5d . Quick grammar guide: models The major problem here is Ihot many students ovoid modols in general and passive modals in particular. can I begin by asking you just how much space junk is flying around up there in outer space? Lewis Well. we don't know andlor we are not interested in who does the action of the verb... At the end. Make sure students say either should + verb or ought to + verb. They tend to use expressions from their native languages.000 pieces of garbage out there.. gloves.. Somebody should destroy them . thonk you for joining us today. Unit lO Tl05 Theworldaround us . 6 Speaking skiUs Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 6a. a lot of it has been left behind by astronauts over the years during the various space missions. and ask them to discuss the questions.. Ask one student from each group to present their ideas to the class. Presenter And whot's going to happen to all this stuff . as happened in 1979 when a whole space station crashed inlo Australia.is it dangerous? Lewis Most of it isn't . Allow about ten minutes.. Let students check their answers in pairs when they have finished . that's all fascinating. thankfully no one was in jured Presenter And what about this mysterious melal ball in South Africo? Lewis Well.000 .a lot of it diSintegrates when it enters Ihe earth's atmosphere but some of this Irash is going to foil bock 10 earth. Give them three or four minutes.. Major Lewis. Presenter And is anyone going to do anylhing about the problem? Lewis We can hope! All the junk must be tracked carefully so that we know if there are any large objects up there ~ and.000 pieces of man-made junk that are floating around the earth..Put students in pairs or small groups to discuss Exercises 4c and 4d .it s just that our radar can't pick out anylhing smaller than these.

paper. e. which onos do you throwaway.. Say what you think the major problems are and make recommendations for improvement. and which do you recycle? 6 Speaking skills a General waste is becoming a huge problem today. (I Stiffer fines s hould/ouCht to be introduced [introduce) for people who litter in the street. 4 People should/ouXht 10 be encouraged {encourage} to take bottles to a recycle center. Which one is more objective? Why? 1 The govern men t ought to build more landfill sites. A Littering is a big problem. Materia ls: plastic. littering inefficient garuage collection too many nOll· biodegradable containers not enough garbage cam pollution of air and water from landfi lls lack of recycling centers c Make recommendations for your country or community. Answer the questions helow. Use the ideas in the table and your own ideas. S If you have a garden. d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on pago 110. 2 . In groups.. ond nlso the schools should . b Rewrite the sentences with active verbs. which do you keep. Underline the modal verbs. discuss the fo llowing questions. in what ways? 3 How is waste disposed of! Arc there any problems associated wi th this? Problems Ways of reducing waste taxing households that produce excessive waste providing recycling facilities for more items.. 1 Households that produce a lot of garbage s hould/oughlto be taxed (tax) more. a small paymont punishing people who litter or leave their garbage in inappropriate places Ways of disposing of waste burying in landfill sites burning in incinerators sending into space putting in deep oceans melting and reusing for new products... When you have finished with the containers. The world oround us UnillO .. you shouldlought to put (put ) all vegetable and fruit waste on a compost heap. 2 What do you think happened to your garbage? 3 How does your country or community deal with garbage? b In your groups. Jllore garbage cans would help. cans providing an incentive for recycling. 2 We shouldn't/ouK nol 10 Use (usc) so hl many plaslic shopping bags when we go to the supermarket. 3 . A lot of people litter because there aren't fI nol/gh garbage cans in tilt) streets.. 2 More landfill si tes ought to be built. B res. 1 What kind of things have you thrown away in the past week? Think abou t all your waste. plastic 5 Grammar: modal verbs + acti ve an d passive a Look at these passive sentences from the listening. economical. Present your ideas to the class. glass. 3 Newspapers and magazines should/ought to be recycled (recycle). Le. 1 What are the problems related to waste? 2 Do people try to reduco wasle? If so.. Decide as a class which were the best ideas.g. We think the city government alight to provide more garbage cons. countries ..c What arc the containers in tho taule in Exercise 2b usually made of? Discuss in pairs. aren 'tthey? d Household packaging is a real "junk " problem .... e Complete these suggestions with should or ought to. ought to be made to take marc care of thei r things in space.g. What is different about ough(! 1 All the junk must be tracked carefully . e. metal. discuss how waste is handled in your cou ntry or com munity. they should be destroyed when they start to fa ll . Decide whether to use an active or passive form. and ecological. something else Toothpas te tubes aro made of metal. Say what the current forms of waste disposal are and suggest some alternative forms which you feel would be practical. Who is the subject in each one? c Look at theso two suggestions.

This will help people who suffer from low levels of vitamin A and iron. for and against CM food . which cause blindness and anemia. 3 Write your partner's arguments in the other column of the table. in large quantities genome the complete set of genes in a living thing I resistant to insects. Scientists have recentl y produced GM rice with increased vitamin A and iron content. Biotechnology is now being used to create crops that: * flourish in harsh environments such as arid land and salty soil. read two arguments. scientis ts can now p rod uce GM I cro ps I that can grow in harsh environments . important arguments in your text. Fo' Against GM food: the arguments for GM food has enormous potential for helping nations suffering from famine and for feeding the exploding world population. Student B: Read the text on page 151 and comple te the table with arguments agains t CM food. contaminated crops flooding genes food chai n GM feed imp lanting pesticides resistant 2 Li stening skills @ a Read these sections from a debate on CM food. and this has caused a lot of debate . a gene from Brazil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes . 3 Reading skills a In pairs. There are three words in each blank. GM crops will be GLOSSARY biotechnology science based on cells and bacteria flourish grow weil and be healthy a rid very dry with few plants a bundant plenty of. 5 AnQther serious obh:<:lion is that growing GM crops in close proxi mity 10 other crops means 2 Explain why you think the y are the most that those crops wi ll be I contaminated I. Student A: Read the text below and complete the table with argume nts for CM food. 2 It is only in this way that we will be able to I feed I the world 's exploding population. 1 Vocabulary: GM food What do you know aoout genetically modified food? What are the argu ments for and against il? Use th ese words and expressions in your answers. As Y know. such as areas thaI used to lose cro ps through I flooelinG I or extreme heat. The world's population is now six billion and will grow to eight billion by 2020 and perhaps eleven billion by 2100. It is now possible to create "super rice" with increased fertility and resislance to disease a nd insects. 3 Fi nally. proved that I that 4 It has al read y been im plantin~ I a gene can introduce sOl1s of problems into the I food chain : for example. Ie is difficult to argue against GM crops when the welfare of billions of people is involved. Fill the boxes with the words in Exercise 1. The pressure to feed people is rapidly intensifying. UnlllO The world around us . we arc Oll now able to change the I genes I in plants. jill I b Choose the Iwo strongest arguments fo r or against CM food from your text. 1 The issue of [I====G M ~L====I foods is a controversial one . . Since four billion people (about 60% oftbe world's population) depend on rice. the first time in history that this had been done fo r a major food crop. 1 Describe the arguments to your partner. A tremendous milestone in this direction was achieved when the genome of rice was finally identified. this will have eno rmous consequences.~ b Listen carefully and fill in the rest oflhe blanks. * require little water and fertilizer. T hen listen and check. * bear abundant fruit with little supervision and carei * are enriched with vitamins and minerals. Second . so the s tro ng I pesticides have been used un ti l now will become a thing of the past._.

The main reason for . This is a good wov of mixing students and crealing more interadion. Tell students not to worry about the other blanks at this stage. Make sure that thoy exchange and write down each other's information. The oudioscripl for Track 48 is on IXlge n07 ~ The world around us T 106 Unit 10 . Then ask students 10 stand up and find a portner from the other group who has read a different text. Put students in pairs. ask students to fill in the rest of the blanks first.. in poirs.. 2 Listening skills Ask students to fill in the boxes in Exercise 2a wilh words from exercise t . The mosl convincing orgument against . monjtor. Play the audio and ask students to listen and check. Let students check their answers with a partner when they have finished.. in which students read different passages and try to put together their understanding of the text to make it whole. In the activity and loler in the lesson. is . Divide the closs into fWo equal halves. When Ihey have finished. Then give studen ts a minute to prepare what thoy want to say about GM food. in exercises 3b and 5. using a table they have coped from Exercise 3a into their notebooks. or Against (if they are B) al the top of a page in their notebook. Then play the recording again. . Aa students do Exercise 3b. You may need 10 play and pause the recording to give students time to write answers. Groups A and B. Tell UlOm they havo nvo minutes to read their text and outline arguments. students can check their answers with others from the some group. .. Tell them to write For (if thoy aro A).. is lhal . Do the first as an example. discuss the vocabulary in the box in Exercise la . When students have finished.. is . You may wish 1 write the longuoge below on the board to help students do Ihis and 0 loler activities: Useful language The moin argument in favor of . Ask What does GM stand for? Whol sort of food is genetically modified these days? Hove you ever eoten GM food? Whars the law on GM food in this country? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: GM food As 8 closs. In Exercise 2b.. and holp with problems. one A and one B.Objectives Grammar reported speech Topic: GM food Vocabulary GM food Reading Writing Ustening a debate Speaking discussing GM food a magazine orticle a discursive essay Write GM food on the board. the longuage of presenting an argument for and against is used. Group Bread the text on poge 151.. Put students in groups of fou r to discliss their ideas. ask them to describe and explain their argu mellts in pairs. they then sit down and do exercise 3b together. The main problem with / drawback of / concern with . Group A read the text on poge 106. then elicit comments from the class. @ @ •• 3 Readin g skills This is a jigsaw reading. walk around the class. is .

has caused changes to !Jad caused. My main objection is thot we really don't know what genetic modification does 10 a plant and. Answe rs: Changes: Verbs go one tense back. by forcing GM crops on poorer notions.g. but my agreement stops there. As you know. and people with nut allergies are experiencing allergic readioos to these tomatoes. At the end. we are pulling them into a position where they wilt no longer be able to grow non-GM food. UnillO T 107 TheWOl"ldaroundus . go through the answers as a class. Peaple In these areas will now have enough to eat. so Ihe strong pesticides that have been used until now will become a thing of the pas!. 0 gene from BraZil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes. 5 Writing skills In Exercise 5a. from are to were. as they will need these notes to write thei r essay. Quick grammar guide The main thing tho! students need to grasp when reporling speech is the ·one tense back'" tense chonge. He lells ~ me to be quiet. whal it might do to animals and human beings. He said thaI he it. Ask students to follow the inslmctions in Exercise sd to write thei r ind ividual essays. Mon The Issue 01 genetically modified loods is a controversial one. There is often confusion between the verbs soyond felf. ask students to read through the reported statements. in 1. Ask the groups to decide what their viewpoint is. The teacher &9t" !fie Ihe onswers. Common problems and errors Forgetting to change tense. this may prove 10101. II is only in this woy that we will be able to leed the world's exploding population. we are now able 10 change the genes in plants. divide students into groups of four or five to completo a fo rlagainst table. GM crops will be resistant to insects. for or against GM food. fired.g. in 1.we can already do thot if we slop using all our land to raise CQ'NS and pigs for food.4 Grammar rev iew and extension: reported speech [n Exercise 4a. And in answer to the argument about feeding the world . Finally. First. My opinion is that GM crops will be with us lorever. Make sure that everybody fi lls in the columns. will become changes to would becom e. Model the activity by matching tho fi rst reported statement to the direct speech in ~xercisc 2n (section 11 as a class. etc. we changes to they. ~~--------------~ For Exercise 2 00 Poge 106 iii. GM allows us to produce bask loodstuffs beller and more cheaply. the pronoun changes. e. In 2. such as areas that used to lose crops through flooding or extreme heal. which should please everyone. Common mistakes include wroog placement of to and incorred use of on objed pronoun after soy. Monitor and help with questions and confusions. Second. lor these reasons. II has already been proved that implanting a gene con introduce all sorts 01 problems into the food chain: lor example. and this has caLlsed a lot 01 debate. F urthermore. I disogree completely with GM crops. e. This could be sot for homework. In some cases. Woman I agree with the first speaker that the issue 01 GM crops is controversial. for very good reasons. ore changes to were. Sometimes. Put students in pai rs to work on Exercises 4a through 4e. scientists can now produce GM crops thai can grow in harsh environments. Anolher serious obieCtion is thai growing GM crops in close proximity to olher crops means lhatthose crops will be contaminated. will be to would be. therelore.

' . "- They bad already started the trials. He said . He said tbey . The world's population will grow to eight billion by 2020. Find the direct speech in Exercise 2a.Present perfect Direct: Reported: Past perfect '-Direct: . Scientists have rocently produced GM super rice. b How do these arguments fo r and against relate to your country? Agree on the greatest threats and opportunities that GM food represents for your country. and list tho changes you find. section 3 3 The woman explained that implanting a gene could introduce all sorts of problems into the food chain. c Usc your answers to Exerciso 4b and your knowledge of reported speech to complete this table. Use the information in this lesson and your own ideas. Write them in the for/aga inst table in Exercise 3a. and that had caused a lot of debate. d Write a discursive essay with the title Is GM food a positive or negative development? Follow the notes below and use you r notes for this lesson.. Paragraph 1: introduce the topic Paragraph 2: list the arguments for GM food Paragraph 3: list the arguments against GM food Last paragraph: summarize your viewpoint and conclude the essay. Your essay should have four paragraphs and be between 200 and 250 words long. Reported: He said they . Direct: "- Present progressive Direct: We IlJ'(l not saying that all eM crops are dangerous. section 1 2 He predicted that the strong pesticides that had boon used unlit now would bocome a thing of the past.. argue. He said . We should all be aware of the problems. They exported food from Ethiopia.... explain. claim . say. 5 Writing skills a In groups . He said we . e. Use different reporting verbs.Simple present "- eM food bas enormous potential. tell. should Direct: Reported: Direct: '-- Reported: Direct: Reported: d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 110. compare the direct speech sentences in Exercise 2a with the reported speech above. Also use the plan for writing on page 47. '. e Look at the text you read in Exercise 3a. c Go through the arguments for and against GM food in this lesson and sum up your position.. Reported: He said GM food had enormous potenlial.g. . In pairs.4 Grammar review and extension: reported speech a Look at these reported statements from the debate in Exercise 2.. Reported: He said they were .. 1 The man claimed that they were able to change the genes in plants.. . He said scientists .. think of as many reasons as you can for and against eM food. will. Theworld around us Uni!10 .. predict.. Modals: can. section 4 4 She argued that growing GM crops in close proximity to other crops meant that those crops would be contaminated. report other things that the author said..Simple past Direct Reported: ' .. section 5 b In pairs. The developed world can help tho third world.

there will be no w ater. which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. These p redictions are based on a number of factors and are not absolute. The rise in temperature is called global warming. Globally.. have seen a four degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. change in land use.. and greenhouse gases all cause climate change. t UnillO The world around us . c Work in pairs of A and B students. Group A: Read quickly through the text below.. but some people say 4 global warming is a m yth they say there have always been 5 cl jmate changes on earth and it's too earl y to say w h ether this parti cular change is part of a norm al cycle or something unusual..5-1 0.7 l degrees in the last 150 years. You have only three m inutes to do this. etc.. have been the main causes of climate change in recent years. \.lesson4 Climate change > 2 Task Read these frequent ly asked questions about global warming. Th e teacher will di vide the class into two groups.. Group A text The greenhouse effect is the orocess where heat js unable to escape from the earth's atmosphere. Can you an swer all the questions n ow ? '--' 3 atmosphere e 4 degrees a 5 climate d 6 weather f a un its that are used for measuring temperature b the increase in te mperature that has been taking place in recenl years v '--- "---' c a colorless. Answer your partner's questions.4 degrees Fahrenheit. or the earth e the air around the earth f temporary conditions in the air. Of these.g. such as Alaska. such as carbon dioxide. air temperature increased by one degree Fahrenheit in the 20th century but some regions. The latest predictions for the 21st century are for an increase of 2.. rainfall . ) by the questions in the list above that your text answ ers and make brief notes about them. it mean s the sea level will rise Ilnd in some cou ntries thi s w ill cause catastrophic flo od ing. In others .. of a country. Ask yo ur partner the questio ns that your text didn't answer and take notes. greenhouse gases. e. Scientists estimate their predictions for the future ~ knowledge of historical climate Change and comp uter models of the climate system ..- 'r--' I Wha t is globa l warming? The earth's temperature has risen by 0. a region.. 1 global warming b 2 CO2 (carbon di oxide) c 3 Prepare a You are going to look for the answers to some of the questio ns in a short text. Can yo u answer an y of them? • • • • • • • • What exactly is t he green house effect? A Is climate change a natu ral or human-caused phenomenonWhat are the possi ble effects of cli mate change? B '--' Wilt there be any benefits associated with climate change? B How much climate change has been observed up till now? Is pl anting more trees a way of solvi ng global warming? B '--" Are there any alternatives to coal and oil? B Who is responsible fo r greenhouse gas emissions and climate change? B • How do scientists estimate the climate of the futu re and how reliabl e are their projections? A • What are the current estimates for 21st centu ry cli mate change? A 1 Warm u p a Match these key words with the defin itions. hot or cold . sunny or rainy b Fill in the blanks in the text with fiv e of the key words. odorless... which is a ma jor cause for concern... The greenhouse effect is caused by both natural and human activity. r l It---- . non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of the air d the normal temperatures. Scientists believe the m ain reaso n for Ihis is that we are putting too much 2 ~ into the 3 atmosphere .. only desert.. - \. Studies carried out by scientists into climate change in the last century show that volcanic activity.. Some scientists believe the temperature is going to continue rising. If globa l warm ing is really h appening. b Put a check (. Grou p B: Read quickl y through the text at the bottom of the opposite page.

t . 3 Prepare If you haven't done so already. the other half B. Then put them in pairs and give them one mar£! minute to compare answers. Let students briefly check answers with people in their group. The best way to do this is to ask students to stand and then find and sit with someone who has read a d iffe rent text. and write them on the board. making a group of four. The world around us T 108 Unit 10 . going 10. Ask students to read and check the questions in Exercise 2 that their text answers.Objectives Grammar Topic: climate change Vocabulary climate change Reading extracts from a science book. and give them one more minute to compare answers one fmal time. Give students one minute to read and nole answers to the questions. first conditional.. Ask the pairs to discuss their texts until they can answer all the questions. Label half the groups A. Divide the class into pairs of A students and B students. present perfect F AOs on a Web site F page AQ Write global warming on the board. 0 2 Task A good way of doing this is a pyramid discussion. Ask Do you think this is Q serious problem? What factors ore causing global worming? Elicit as many suggestions as you con from students. 1 Warm up Ask students to match words and definitions in Exercise la . divide the class into groups of four. Then put one pair with another pair. Ask students to read the text in Exercise l b quickly for a general understanding before fill ing in the blanks. an Writing Ustening a college seminar wifl. then check with a partner.

bUl lbesg sources of power need to be developed. Discuss the answers as a class. yes. let me explain a lillie certain gases ow 1ffi!llale aad trop tbe beat like a barrier Ibot tbe beal con't QeJ lhrouah So Ihe heal is lurned bgd: jnlo tbe gtmosphere and the tempergture rfses Is thgl clear? Student 1 Yes. thanks. Is that okay? Student 3 Yeah. I think we'd better get on to . But humgn activiJ:. Stop the audio after each question and remind students what numuer they are on.•. Now. yes. is milch worse.there's wind energy. Tell them to take turns asking and answering the questions in Exercise 2. 6 Play the audio again. The greenhouse effe<t is the process in which heat can't escape from the earth's atmosphere and which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. 00 ils owo Ibis jsn't enot I~b to stop or even reduce global wmmiM IhouQh we hove to cui down on our production pf greenhouse QQsgs Whallhgr megns is we hgve to stoP using fossil fuels Student 3 Are there any alternatives to cool and oil? Tutor Well. But what exoclly causes this global worming . 4 Feedback Briefly discuss the results with the class. solar power.<.. Okay. Ask students to look at the phrases. 7 Follow up Model the activity brielly with a good sludent. but the future is likely to be different as we become more aware of the problem. Tutor Well. Student 4 What ore scientists prediding about this century? ""'Student 2 But is it all bad? Wan" there be any benefits from climate change? Tutor Not many. so lhere'li be mgre floods and droughts Seq levels will rise jn some cOQstgl megs gnd some low-lyiM islgnds mgy be lost completely under the hot to extremely cold. which means the countries of lhe developed world hove been mostly responsible for greenhouse gases sa for. Answers: 1. Play the audio one more time. Moderate global worming will favor some fmmers. Tutor Good morning. what exactly is the greenhouse effect? Tutor Okay.is it natural ar human? Tutor The green bouse effect is coused by both natural and human activity. ineilJde volcanic activity for example. 7. The rise in temperature is called global worming. and I'm sure you're aware of them . Tutor TbO hmnessinQ the power O the tides ond 'Ising it 1 t<. such as effects on the migration of birds sgme species at birds will be forced tq migrale tq different plgces gnd some won'l need 19 mimgle gnymme so it upsets the balance of nature. who's responsible for all these emissions and climate change? Tutor GreenbOuse Iloses bove been increasing since the Induslrjal RevoluJjOD two hundred years ago. pot1iculgt1y in dry megs wh ere there'll be mme rgin Student 3 How do we know about this? I mean. they estimate on the basis of historical climate chonge ond computer models of the climate system. but some regions like Alaska have seen 0 four-degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. 6 Notice . 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Monitor carefull y. Is it reliable? Well. The climate of the earth has changed many times in the post. increasing the forest meas will help to slow down global worming because plants and trees reduce tbe effe<ts of carbon dioxide. 9. 49'_-------------------------------------------------------------------.. Student 3 So.. 10. thars much bener. using one or Iwo of the phrases from Exercise 6.5 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit. and discuss their use with a partner. 5. Student 1 Con't we stop this? I've heard that planting Irees is a way of solving the prablem. 2. A good example of the effects is the balance of woler: water resources wilt increase or decrease. LeI students compare the notes they make with a partner before going through UlC answers as a class.. that is huge and very worrying. but the pidure isn't all black. 4. but haw do they know it will continue? How do scientists estimate the rate of climate change? Is it reliable? Tutor Well. especially if the trend continues. I'm ofraid. there are some pretty bad effects. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissioDs. let me give you some examples the usg at cm god gircraft filel lactorv emissions gases IISed in freez ing 01[ of th ese add to greenhoUSE Illlses and couse climate change. Ask students to listen and order tho FAQs. 3. Student 2 What I can't understand is why everyone thinks a rise in temperature is bad . let me put it like this . Student 2 I don't understand wove energy.lhe signs me worrying gnd we'd be foolish tq iQ nme lhem Tutor The 21st century? They soy there'll be on increase of between 2. Before we talk serious~ about the next block of work do you hove any questions on climate change? Student 1 Yes. how much climate change has been observed? Tutor In the 20th century. thanks. •• Answers: Additional information is underlined in the audio script. f 0 make electricity Understand? Student 2 Yes. Naruml (mise. everyone. we don't really know. Ask the first question then briefly improvise a conversation with the student. air temperature increased by about one degree Fahrenheit. going fram extreme~ Uoit lO T 109 The world around us .it sounds great to mel So whO! are the effeds of climale change? Tutor Well. noting mistakes and prompting students to use the phrases they have studied. 8 . In re<ent years. so there's a lot of disagreement in the scientific world about global worming. con you tell us ogain. and wove energy. Developing countries that don't have the money ta search for alternative sources of fuel will produce more greenhouse gases tban the United States and Europe. Put students in pairs. the ice ages.

There are ways of attempting 1 slow climate change. however. Number the FAQs in the order you hear them . Moderate warming will fayor some fanners. 1 00. Group B text Climate change will force some species of birds to migrate: water resources will increase or decrease... try to make your answers as full as possible. clarify something Understand? check 011 understanding 8 Let me give you some examples.. Climate change is not entirely new: greenhouse gases have been increasing since the Industrial Revolution. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissions. One way to do this is to cut down on our use of fossil fuels like coal and oil. Some areas will have more water and more synshine. There will.) Listen again and make notes of any additional infomlation to an swer the questi ons. For this to happen... in the fu ture. which is possible but must be done gradually: coal and oil can be replaced over a period of lime by wind energy and solar DOWer...4 Feedback . ask and answer the FAQs again. \. there will be more floods and droughl . but on its own this is not enough 10 stop global warming. clarify something. This time... which of course means that the countries of the developed world so far bear the main responsibility for greenhouse gases.. In recent years. . (The words may be slightly different. There will be heatwaves and more air pollution.. because plants and trees reduce Ihe effects of carbon dioxide... and use the phrases from Exercise 6.. How are these phrases used? Docs each one introduce an example... 5 Compare Listen to a college seminar about climate change. or chock 011 understanding? 1 Lei me explain ... Ask about any questions you were unable to answer. cla rify something 2 Is that clear? check on understanding 3 A good example o r . The world around us . we must cut down on OlIr production of carbon dioxide. However... introduce aD example Tell the class how many questions you could answer.. developing countries like India and China will produce more greenhouse gases than the United Stales and Europe.. '--..which in turn will cause infectious diseases to spread. two hundred years ago... 7 Follow up [n A and 8 pairs. introduce an example 4 5 6 7 Is that okay? check on understanding Let me put it like this . Sea levels will ri se in some coastal areas. clarify something What that means is . 6 Notice ~ Listen to the seminar again. such as replanting and increasing the area of the wortd's 0 forests. be some benefits.

that place. yogurt. e. 1 a chemical used to kill insects pesticide 2 harm a substance by passing or spread ing chemicals to it contami nate 3 give food to feed 4 the complete set of genes in a living thing genome 5 put something into a person. " Martin Luther KJ-. The most common reporting verbs are say and Ieli. I conquered. (an objective suggestiorv'recommendation) Should and ought to in the passive are often used for rules: 2 GM food biotechnology contaminate crops feed flood food chain gene genome GM Implant pesticide resistant Find five GM word s to match these definitions . Bottle '-' 2 Modal verbs + active and passive We often use the paSSiVe after modal verbs: beer. it is better to use a variety of verbs when reporting speech. the suggestiorv'obIigatiOn is ~ive.e...Xltabie none 01 the books I none of . mineral water. I was thinking about it . hardy any money 1 half (oQ the books 2 a quarter of the 1 2 "I came.. She said she had heard of that pIaco. Romeo swore that he would love Juliet forever. this place . or a plant implant Cars should not be parked on the sidewalk. JUliet!" Romeo swore . """'" 4 ""'" book 5 an the books I compJete the form. soda. Adverbs of place and time often change too." Columbus claimed he . shaving cream . like 'ther each 0 hem.. olives.. We will .. potatoes. should. bo1I1 meet you tomorrow." Caesar said . .. Caesar said he had com e. many . butter chocolate. and would do not change: You ought to compiete the form . announce. e .. 4 She doesn't ha~ a little friends in her town.. envelopes We can use the COlI'ltabie quantifiers with a pltral noun if we add of the: each of the books.. I'm thinking about it.g.. . 5 "This is one small step for a man. Precise 1 half (o~ quantities 2 a quarter I or UI'lCOlI'ltabie 1 si1guIar/pk.g. ~ She said she was thinking about it. He said I ought to """". cookies Add these item s t o th e correc t column. I saw.. many books 2 a lot of books I a lOt of money 3 a great deal! a good deal of money 4 several books 1 some books I some money 2 (a) few books 3 (a) little money 4 hardly any books I 2 a 101 01 medium quantities 3 a great deal! a good deal of 4 several Sm all 2 pllI<II COU'ltabie or uncountable 3 uncountable 4 pural countable 1 plural countable or uncountable 2 plural countable 3 uncountable 4 p/lxal countable pkxal COlJ'llabie Remember that the pronouns in reported speech often change. Ihe next day.. 2 E c. 4 "I have a dream. cereal. tOOls.uncoco_ 1 "I have discovered a new land. .. admit... However. orange juice. They said they would meet us 2"''''' 3_ 4 ""'" 5 aI ~he) 2 sOgUar COLf1table J singtJar COU"Itabie 4 SirlgLW COlI"lIabie 5 plural coootabIe or the next day. (the speaker's opinion) B. lemonade. peanu t bu tt er milk. claim.g... paint. . They said they could find it.. 3 "I'll lOve you forever. sardines. Neil Armstron g said this was one small step fOT a man . Columbus daimed he had discovered a new land. instant coffee. . neither of the books Choose t he correct quantifier. they in the examples above. Report these st atem ents. shaving cream candy peanut butter envelOpes butter sardines detergent oil shampoo cat food More ought to be invested in road-building.ral COLf1table or two-thirds of Negative q uantities ' ''' 2 rl9Ither 3 rona Of the money no book I no books I ro money """""- 2 sngJIar countable 2_ 3 3 pItxaI countable or lI'lCOI. Bo.. 3 I invitee. oil . both of the books..g said . k:e cream. Some modal verbs change in reported speech: Quantifiers Followed by noun 1 plural COLf1table Examples 1 both books 2 either book We can find it .r 3 (a) little 4 hardy any quantities ".. s hampoo . .....@) some my friends but only fffW ~f them came to the party. 1 Wool u like~ neither of these coats? No. .. we don't see it as being imposed by the speake(: You ought to IIlV6St more in road-bUilding. 3 Reported speech In reported speech the verb usually changes tense. jam. c andy. ~~ . 3 each book The modaJ verbs. ca l food honey.. VoJhen we make suggestions or express obligations using the passive. matches.. I have had an idea... argue.. ~ She said she had had an idea. He said I should hsten to her.. Mart in Luther King sai d he had a dream.. home 2 (a) fev. money Vocabulary Summary 1 Containers Tube toothpaste... e.to'" Large or .." Neil Armstrong said . wine.. and had cOOiluered . lemonade. ointment baked beans.Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of quantifiers Type Inc lusive The past perfect does r"IOt change: I had heard of this place. I ~ she and we . You should listen to her.. tomorrow . had seen.. chips. animal. She said she had been thinking about/to Unit lO The world around us . d etergent Seat belts should be worn at all times. predict." J" Carto n AJI student in class should have a textbook.. and moves one step back Into the past: I have an idea. ~ She said she had an idea. I don'. ought to. . i.

Gan they improve your wriling? ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: editing your work Using the recommended stages in Exercise 2. correct ing all the errors you found. ..) d Is this student's experience of writing in English the same as yours? If not. lEI f ~ g Brainstorm ideas that are relevant to the question.. how you worked out the ru les and meaning.!: ~ ~ z - C) Editing your work 1 Thinking about writing a Make a list of all the different types of things you have written in English. In groups. The paragraph should be no more than 120 words long. l'/"r"J:mg on [~ can hJy Ie 'W!¥)f a n1l.sh eMm o >o --' LU > LU o CL text. dd-fl. Rewrite the text and produce your final essay. d Exchange your work w ith a partner. 3 Editing a text a In pairs. brainstorm and note ideas for this parag raph. Revise your first draft and check for structure and content. Read the essay litle or question carefu lly and decide why you are writing it and who you are writing it for. write the last paragraph of an essay about reading in English.. You w ill need to look at all 01 these features very carefu lly.Oi!l:. The first sentence is: b Together. I<l<l REVIEW Review your action plan: wonting with written grammar In pairs. Read their version of the essay and improve it if you can . c Exchange your revised essay with another pair of students. The world around us UnitlO . checking grammar. Write your first d raft from the beginning to the end.6er GLOSSARY draft {of a lext] unfinished stage in developing writing proofread read something to find and mark errors for correction b In pairs. c Read the text written by a person studying EngliSh.m.rtanl !:c 'wrJe '" """""". A. c When you are ready. discuss what you find difficult abOut writing in English. is ~?np.can you improve each other's methods? CompeO/ltg a fYa'rnmtLy ~ 'W~ng a ~ m an b Compare your list with a partner. Conclude the essay in one or two sentences. Compare ways of record ing .!lIuYug!. They are in the wrong order. and an end.. Note: you will need to show a classmate the final version of your paragraph and your drafts at the end of Unit 11 . and show your partner how you recorded it. organize the ideas that your g roup thought of. Use the stages in Exercise 2 to help you. 2 Exploring the stages involved in writing an essay There are a number of recommended stages in writing a formal essay. First of all. Student 8: Look at the spelling. Reorder them according to the most efficient way of writing an essay. write the paragraph individually. Keep all your d raft texts as well as your final version. look at the notes on g rammar that you made at the end of Unit 9. Explain the grammar you looked at. it is important to read for a number of reasons. how is it different? e In groups.. and punctuation carefully. the grammar the spelling the content the structure punctuation Student A: Look at the grammar and the content. punctuation. and structure. Give it a title. III a III b iii c III d IKI e Organize your ideas into a structure with a beginning. Ji><1 '" alt. rewrite the essay.. go back to the essay in Exercise 1 and edil it. (Do not worry about the errors in the 0<:: :::) [ngt. a middle. Ust a number of reasons to support the argument. spelling. The paragraph begins: Although reading in English can be very difficult. . 4 Applying the stages a The student who wrote the essay in Exercise 1 did not finish the last paragraph. Ii. Proofread your final essay. Look at the stages below.

3 Listen to a phone-in program. Can the participants survive on what they find on the island? What will they eat? This hasn't been running as long as the other shows. discuss these questions. this show hasn't managed to generate much excitement in spite of the good-looking cast and the provocative theme. Unit 11 Medio . Reality TV on your screens this week Adrian Soloman reviews the current reality TV shows. very entertaining. Which of the shows in the pictures are mentioned? ~ b Listen again. c Figure out tho meaning of the followin" words and oxpressions from the context. Despite the number of similar shows now produced. K 1 Rea lity T V shows arc something new.is as fascinating as ever and still claims a 10 prime· time slot in the evening. Match each rev iew with one orthe pictures.5 A d III groups. The young would·be stars in recent episodes have been competing to see who is going to represent the U.a group episodes. GLOSSARY p rov~calive 25 30 C** Another one In the theme of "put a group of young people together and see what happens". training to do concerts.1 Speaking skills Look at the pictures and answer the questions. 4 P **· 35 causing comment. Gripping stuff! 2 1. Chan¥ weeks and filmed for 24 hours a day . Who gives these reaso ns? Write K (Kate). in the Pan -American Song Contest. y :4 Would you ever take part in one of these shows? Why? I Why not? 20 3 Liste n i ng skilis ~ It Two spoiled young rich girls leave their posh Beverly Hills homes to go and live in a small town in Arkansas. 1 Which of the shows sounds the most interesting as a TV show? Z Which reality shows have you seen'" \Vh did you watch them? . but the action takes place on a beautiful Pacific island . More than one person may give the same reason.of 1 . The concept . if there's 5 of young people locked up in nothing better or a house together for several A big yawn. Choose the rating you think the reviewer gave each show. Quite frankly. what is the fascination of re~ lit y TV? ~~y w~ether you agree or disagree With Ih e oplll lOns III Exercise 3b. but the beautiful setting is not enough to stop boredom taking over after a while. They like gossip. showing for more than ten ** OK for a couple 0 years. Switch to the big movie on ChannelS instead. There they have to cope with living on a farm and working in a fast-food resturant . h Road tho reviews again. K 2 People talk about them. P G People are nosy. c In yo ur opi nion . anger. M (Myriam) or p.S.I Read tho reviews of four reality TV shows. excitement prom ise {nl (here] potential to do well 40 A group of unknown musicians spend all their time in an academy. (psyc hologist). " 1 primo-timo slot (line 10) a time in when il lot . * the channel. and the winners have become national superstars with their albums. P 5 These shows give people a kind of power over olher peop le's lives.Ieollie are watching in the evening 2 gnppl~lg sluff (line 13) exciting SUbjllcl 3 cast (lllIe 21) people appearing in the s how 4 switch to (line 22) change channels 5 sett ing (line 32) placellocation 6 would-be slars (line 38) people who wan I 10 be fam ous 1 B* *" **** Excellent . so everyone wanls to see them.de. This is hugely popular. reality show and it has been worth watching. P 3 People like scandal and watch in case anyt hing happens! M 4 People get involved in the shows. and it shows some promise. ThiS was the first modern *** Very interesting. none has beaten the original idea. M. 1 1 What kind arTV shows do you think they come from? Z \o~h at makes people wanl to appear in this kllld of show? Z Readin g skills . Below are some reasons for the popu larity of reali ty TV shows."'-' miss it.

Ask students to find prime-time slot in the text ond underline il. Ask students to listen an d say which shows are mentioned . Answers: Reality TV programs. Answers: Big Broth er (8). drama series. want to win a lot of money. want to have a career in the media. sitcom. American Idol (0) In Exercise 3b . and write them on the board. quiz show. Elicit as many different types of programs as you con from students. People want to be fa mous. breakfast TV Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Put students in pai. The audiascript for Track 50 is on page nl3 :ill Media T 112 Unil ll . Lei stude nts check their an swers in pairs before discu ssing them as a class.rs to discuss the questions in Exercise 1 briefly. lifestyle program. Ask How often do you walch TV? Who! kind of programs do you walch? What kind of programs do you never watch? TV programs: news and current affairs. Guessing meaning from context 3 Listening skills Play the audio fo r Exercise 3a. want to test themselves in difficult circumstances. ask studen ts to listen to the audio again and put the correct letter next to each reason. •• Show students how to guess what the words mean by looking at context. soap opera. Ask studen ts to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d in groups of four or fi ve and then have a brief class discussion . Then have them share answers with the whole class. documentary. Let students work in pairs to discuss words and expressions in Exercise 2c. Do the first one as on example. •• 2 Reading skills Allow four min utes for students to do Exercise 2a. realily TV. Ask What clues in the sentence help you figure oul/he meaning? Answer: In Ihe evening tells students that a prime-time slot must be a ·slor in the evening lV schedule.Objectives Grammar present perfect progressive Topic: reality TV Reading a TV program review Writing Ustening Speaking discussing TV a review of Q TV show a radio phone-in programs Write TV programs in the middle of the board. Allow them to check their answers to Exercise 2b in pairs. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise 3c. Ask Whal pon of speech is if? Answer: compound adieclive and noun. talk show.

W'ho is staying on the show or who has been voted oft. I just got bock. Ask them to tell you which form is being used in each example. OIer there "Gran Hermono: you know. Kate. ever since the arrival of Big Bro/heron Dutch 1V. And of (ourse we hod Big Brother. like Cristina-those are the most popular ones.. attemative ~. so it really has spread around the world. some juicy gossip might come out. Host Why do you think these reality 1V shows ore so popular? Myriom Well. and they forget aboutlhe cameros. as well. Kate. we've also been wotching a show obout young artists. as your previous coller said. of course. We love to watch others go about their doily lives while we're sitting there. Host Right. In lad. Myriom. I think we humans ore fascinated by prying into other people's lives. I see. The olher big hH is "Operoci6n T n'unfd" . they kind 01 control people's lives. I've been living in Spain. Now. Today we're talking aboUllY. Ask each pair to follow the steps in Exercise sb to write their review. Kate . Quick grammar guide. where English would use the present perfect: l /We in Buenos Aires since 1995. I also think people liKe the power that voting gives them. because the people in it still go about their lives. Professor Weinberg. How do you explain the enormous popularity of rea lity 1V? Weinberg Well. I gather we have a psychologist on the line.. MVOOm Well. like in Big Bro/her . Kate. ask pairs to swap r eviews. _ periect~ The present perfect progressive (have + been + -ing. Another common error is using the present perfect progressive fo r a finished event in the recen t post with a time reference: I J. The program where they voted on the first series was probably the most watched program eNer _ and mode front-page nOW'S on every nOW'Spaper. some of them. a bn like our American Idol . Thank you. You see.' years.fJ"e eeeR we(~Rf/ lote losl week. Kate Good morning.. Here in the USA.. Now. so lers ask her the some question. people get incredibly invotved in them. Lead in briefly by eliciting names of popular reality TV programs that have been shown recently or are on currently. it wos something nfNI . Host Why do you think thot is. But you know whars really popular in Mexico? Irs that kind of discussion and debate show. like. Myriom Hi. Of. on the line I have Myriom Sanchez from Mexico.. Before leaving the topi c . Point out that the easiest way to organize the review is to organize it under the headings in exercise Sa .and also because everyone's been talking about it. this is what often attracts people to shows like Blind Trusl . The viewer hopes that maybe. of course. in a game? Weinberg You mean like in Big Brolhet1Yes. It's coiled The Academy. Big Brother. Then try to pair enthusiastic reality TV fons with a partner who. When they are ready. Find out which students a re "hooked" on these shows. you know. They've mode a lot of those shows in the lost lev. or something might happen in the bedroomsadly.. and which are not that interested. then ask students in pairs to match forms to rules. knows little about them. we've been watching reality TV since the earty days of Condid Comero in the 1940s.. perhaps. even the mosl serious. on the solo. thars it _ people who wont to be pop stars are auditioned. Host Whot about reality 1V shows in Mexico? Are they popular? Host You mean we love to be nosy? Weinberg RighI. Host Ah. Neil. at some point. one day. in Spain 01 least. and rea~ty TV in particular. Host Yeah. Myriom That's been running for years now. chosen.~--------------------------~ for Exercise 3 on Page 112 " Host Welcome back to liveline. so everyone wants to see it.. you know who! I mean? Host Yes. but in the rest of the world Reality TV has become a big thing in recent years. the main reason was the nove~ value . yes. Weinberg And there's one more factor. welcome to the show. Host RighI.. good morning to you. Myriom .and this. course. thars really interesting. who is in the States doing her Masters Degree. I think there are several reasons. so why don't you give us a call and give us your toke on reality 1V? Now lers go to our first coller. Encourage pairs to comment on each other's work. the present participlel is different from the present perfecl simple in that it emphasizes duration and unfinished activity Common problems ond errot'$ Students may use a simple presen t tense to refer to something that started in the past and tha t continues up to now. have you been wotching all these real ity shows? Kate Wel l. Host Now. over several months _ it's been massive in Spain. is also what the program makers hope. Unit 11 T 113 Media . Kate? Kate I think irs. _on 5 Writing skills Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise Sa . good morning and welcome 10 the show. wos incredibly popular. then trained. Ask students to ch oos e the best forms in Exercise 4d. This morning we wont to know who! you think. Host Thanks very much.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive Have students read the examples in Exercise 4a. wotching them! Host Even though those lives are.. Kate . we also like to control other people and hove some influence on their lives. remind students to read the Language Note. Irs sod but true.

really has spread around the world. then check it and edit it. 2 . We use the present perfect progressive to focus on the continuation or the duration of an activity. We use the present perfect simple to express repeated actions and completed actions. 1 What is the aim of the show? 2 Where does it take place'? 3 What kind of people take part? (the public? celebrities?) 4 How do they spend their time? I What do they have to do? 5 What is the public opinion of the show? 6 What is your opinion of the show? b Follow these steps to write a brief review of the show with your partner. Media Unit 11 . b Use your answers to write simple or progressive in the rules .:"rrr~::re: Peace. m on 5 5 Wri ting skills a In pairs.. 4 superstars . b This focuses on the continuation and I or the du ration of the action... 2 Decide how to organize your review: which information comes first I at the end? 3 Is your review going to be positive. (l'wo of the examples match one explanation. Make notes of any other information that you might wan I to include. 5 They've made a lot of those shows in the last few years. Do you know the show thai they wrote about? Do you agree with their review? LANGUAGE NOTE It is possible with some verbs to use both the present perfect simple or progressive: I've lived here / I've been living here for len years.. 1 Look at the reviews in Exercise 2.. 4 Big Brother .. We usually do this with verbs that express actions tha t continue over quite a long time.. It's very popular. d This focuses on the number of times the action has been done.. 3 ['ve been seeing € e seli!YBig Brolher only four ·mes. the w inners have become national 1 I've learned ~ 'I'e been leu min panish for five years but I"m s I no vm' ood! 2 [ 'm not feeling well rve been coughing I've coughed all day.) 1 It has been showing for more than ten years.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive a Look at these examples from the reviews and the phone-in. Sam has worked I has been working for me since I star/ed the company. c This focuses on a completed action with a result in the present. a This focuses on an action that is completed. 3 I've been living in Spain. 4 Write your review together. d Choose the best form of the verb in the following sentences. c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 120. 'o. or balanced? Think of a few suitable ad jectives to describe the show.". answer the following questions about a reality TV show you both know.'. Match the examples with the explanations below. negative. c Swap your review with another pair.

cause and motivation for the "killings to some of the 45 15 Professor Akio Mori has been conducting research violent games.. sports? 2 Listening skills @ a ~a lch the tilles with the types of games the box.. Video games can make the p layers: more irritable IiJ more violent more depressed 0 more lonely less crealive less sociable less intell igent 0 Jess confi dent fiJ i IE' b Read the newspaper article quickl y and check your answers to Exercise 3a.... become more irritable and schools. Professor Mori's research People who play video comes at a time when video games tend to have shorter games have been blamed for attention spans.. But the into the effects of playing general public in the U.e damage can be the process of suing games . The next question is "What kind of people do video games attract?" What do you think? Liston to Pari 3 and see if the expert's opinion is the same as yours. yo u . they causing violence in U. . Video games: bad for your health? GLOSSARY nltentlon Silan the amount of time a person can focus on something without thinking about something else nttrihute (vh) believe something is responsibJu for A situation or event Unil l1 Media ... 5 make you less creative.. they should '--'( persuade them to spend less 30 .. you because they attribute the don't necessarily get better.......th ink video games can be harmful? In pairs...3 Readi ng skills a D0.. If "-..and discovered that was no connection between when someone is playing a violence in high schools and .. video games over a long doesn 't think that violent period of time. 1 Speaki ng skills L~ok at the video games on this page. Findings from a recent time playing video games research project in Japan and get them to go out and suggest that tOO much time play with their friends playing video games can instead. e..S.-/ parents want their kids to have imagination and confidence. Parents of high!O find it difficult to make school murder victims are in ~ friends. combat..g. I 1 2 • magic lorror sports heroic action In ~ b The game designer is asked "What is it that makes these video games so popular?" What do you think? Listen to Part 2 and see if the expert agrees with you.. 'l1... dlscus~ the queslion and check the possible e ffects that Video games might have. DIscuss the questions. 1 How do you p lay these games? What do you have to do to win? 2 I-low many different kinds of video games can yo u th ink of. video game they use IV or video game violence.. he has video games cause violent 20 carried out exper iments behavior: 57% of Americans with 240 people aged six to questioned thought there 29 .S. movement and eyesight but 25 very little thinking. permanent .. Then listen to a video game designer talking about the games and check yo ur answers. 3....if you StOp companies for $130 million playing video games.

Elicit different kinds ofvidco games and write thorn on the board . Then play the audio so that students can find out whether they predicted correctly. fantasy. sports. magic. Do the same for Exercise 2c. Elicit suggestions to the board. thcn play the audio. Ask them to check the boxes to show their opinion. But they appeal to all ages . horror.5i\ "" ~ Answers: young guys . they have an active role. . The oudioscripls for Tracks 51. Havo a briof class discussion about the question in Exercise 2b.the usc of color is fa ntastic I they involve the players in imagi native ways I in video games viewers take part. Answers: the graphics are incredibly attractive and real I realistic entertainment I simple to play I they have the dynamism of movies. Aft erwards. 'irritable = a bll bad-tempered and angry de'pressed ::: feeling unhappy cre'ative 'confident t Pronunciation ond 'violent 'lonely = having no friends 'sociable in'telligent meaning Ask students to read the articlc and check their answers in Exercise J b.. heroic action. futuristi c •• 2 Listening skills Put students in pairs to match titles to games. but you can play them at home I they have the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books .Objectives Grammar Topic: video games Vocabulary collocotions with video Pronunciation expressing incomplete information Reading Ustening noun clauses using relative clouses a magazine article a radio interview Ask a few general questions to set the scene and help students relate to the topic: Who plays video games? How ollen do you ploy? Woors your favorite game? Who has never played video games? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking ski lls Discuss the question in Exercise 1 as fI class. Play the audio for Exercise 2a. Suggested answers: combat. with the class check the meaning and pron unciation of the adjectives . from six to sixty. so they attract all ages. too. Ask students to listen and check thcir answers. 52 and 53 are 00 page T261 ::. Media T 114 Unilll .from as young as six till they become young adults. Remind them to check the Glossary.you can lind plenty of adults playing. 3 Reading skills Put students in pairs to discuss the question in Exercise Ja .

Te ll students that they h ave to remember what the people said on the recordings. 2 The thing I really ~ke about them is the dynamism.. then get them to make it go higher and higher leven if it sounds funny!] and then lei it drop suddenly from the word is or ore !like a deflated balloon1. Then nominate an individual to soya first half. Let students chuc k their an swers in pa irs before going through the answers as a class.. tI Jl 5 Pronunciation: incomplete information Play the audio for Exercise Sa. For Exercise 5d . and then check their answers with a partner. Model the fi rsi half of each sentence in exercise 4b. I\? 1 Something that really a nracls people to videa games is lhe graphics. 2 The thing I really like about them . 6 Vocabulary: collocations with video Lead in Write video on the board. Ask studen ts in pairs to take turns starting and completing sen tences. put students in pairs to work through the exercises . they are used for emphasis.. Monitor and insist on good intonation patterns. and correct as needed. nominating different students to complete each sentence with their own ideas. as needed. Say the first part of the first sentence.Go through the example carefully so that students are clear about what they need to do in Exen:. Monitor. Answers: In Sa. etc. The secret 10 gelling students to imitate a good inlOflalion pallern for Ihese sari of noun clauses is 10 get them to try 10 start with their intonation quite high. then get the student to complete the statement with falling intonation. When checking answers with the class. and anolher the second half. starting high. Ask a few volunteers to read their best sentences to the class. Then compare answe rs as a class. Give studonts a min ute or two to think about what they can say ahout the subjects in Exercise 5e. Monitor and help. Ask students to work in pairs to complete the statements in Exercise 4b with their own ideas. In Exercise 6a . paint Qui the structure that all theso noun clauses follow. the speaker's voice falls to show Uwt the statement is finished. Ask students to analyze the intonation. ask a few students to read their sentences from Exercise 6c aloud with the class. help with ideas. In sb.ise 3c. then put them in groups of four or five to share their ideas. Qukk grammar guide Noun clauses often contain a noun phrase and are followed by a complement When placed 01 the slart of sentences. Also point out the Language Note. With the class.. They are besllaughl and learned as fixed expressions. around the class. At the end. 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) Ask studonts to match the sentence halves in Exercise 4a . Unilll T 115 Media . This way you provide same whole-class practice before doing pair work. Ask students to listen and mark the rise and/or fa ll on sentonces 1 and 2. model the activity with a good stude nt. ~ 1 Something that reatly onrecls people 1 0 video games . Write tho structure on the board: Something (tllat) + relative clouse + is/ore +compJement Th e thing (thot). Ask students how many words they can think of that collocate with video. Play the audio for Exercise 5b. discuss the qu estions in Exercise 5c . I? Quick pronundation guide - alternative A useful way to set sludents up for exercise 5d is to start with a whole-closs drill. with a rising intonation. and so on. the speaker's voice is still rising because the statement is incomp lete.

b Complete these statements with your own words.. 4 The things that may make them attractive to guys are .. and why.".I . S One thing that"s good about DVDs ..." 4 I'd like to have . Researc h 2 ffl\ BfJligBIiBl1fJ into video games and violence have not proven a connection. [line 7) 'Y1lieo gameS tend to ie mJJYe p:JpUiay ""d:h IxryS than fflls. compare your sentences fro m Exercise 4b.ur ~bi/iW Iii' gp Ih.._ _ _ __ _"!( c the way lhey're all so male orientated./J . 1::::. 6 Something that really irritates me about reality shows . ) and the complement (the dynamism): The dynamism is the thing 1 really like about them. Which of the items in Exercise 6a would you use if you wanted: • to speak to someone and look at them at the same time'? Video phone • to make a film of your birthday party? Video camera • to take part in a discussion with colleagues in other cities or countries? Video conferencing • to go somewhere to play games? Video arcade c Complete theso sentences with a collocation from Exercise 6a so that they are true for you. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games is the g raphics.. a the dynamism. except two. Make any other changes necessary. . b the action and the violence. but split the sentences. ... 1 Something that really annoys me about these games is . 2 I often use.. Use the correct intonation .I ... A Something that really annoys me about TV . [ 71 1 8 . 1 Something thaI really attracts me to video games . LANGUAGE NOTE We can reverse the order of the subject (the thing . Then discuss them with a partner... Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::. P8SfJ9RfJi&!B for the increase in violence in Ollr society.IW ~ " r. tJifdlt:Y hcftilld such mindless acts of violence. 1 Video games arc uSllolly more popular with boys than girls.1 1 e In groups. 1 lawn.. (line 29) blame TV 4 People Il~i{lk TV if. (line 16) confidence 3 It is true that too many video games make you lose )'!. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games ?! 2 The thing I really like about them ?! Now listen to the complete sentences.. 3 I've never used. 2 The thing(s) I don't like about video games 3 Something thai really annoys me about TV . !i{ i'l p . playing video games watching videos watching DVDs going to the movies surfing the Internet 6 Vocabulary: collocati ons w ith video a All the following words can follow video to form a collocation. as in the example.. (line 44) sue (suing) 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) '---a Complete the sta tements from the listening with the endings on the right. Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::. find out whal your classmates like about these activities... Which two? camera cassette cassette record conferendng game arcade phone ~ tape theater b Check tho collocations then answer the ques tions. Media Unit 11 .. (line 37) 5 The parents were right to ~ tlie video company /8 88111'/' (line 41) motival~OQ for 6 I really can 'I understand the 1 t. 5 Pro nunciati on : in com p lete inform ati on Listen to the firs t part of two sentences from Exercise 4a.c Replace the italic words and expressions in the sentences below with words or phrases from the lex\. 3 The thing I really like about them is . 4 The thing(s) I really like about movies ... ~ 2 The thing I really like ahout them is the dynamism . 2 Something that really attracts people to video games is ..I'l8' .. ~ c Has the speaker finished in Exercise Sa? In Exercise 5b? What indicates this? d [n pairs... is all the commercials. d the graphics.

most people spend on only 10% of our brain average 3. the more lV we watch. In 21 % it is 6 the chil dren . the less we talk to each other.S. most homes in the U. then read Part 2 and compare your ideas with the next part of the article. in fact. whether somebody is watching it or not. c TV may be a good thing for some people.S.4%).000 U. too. ~ave 1 2 televisions In the house. how? (colloquial) read less. also suggests that if you Only in 7---. 1 How do your viewing habits (discussed in Exercise 1) compare with the article? 2 Do you find any of the facts worrying? Which onels)? 3 Are the facts in the article typical of the situation in your coun try? 4 Did TV affect your childhood relationships? If so.L % of the population their brains. 5 the fa ther report. you will does the mother decide which channel to watch Finally. The 22% of homes. Which one? football or Soccer games. It is certainly the most popular and most widespread. based on a survey ~ecjdes what to watch and of 1. look at the information in the article and answer the questions. In which room(s) do you have a TVt Do you have the TV turned on 2 Reading skills a In pairs. 8 ~ % of th~ d All the questions from Exercise 1 are d iscussed in the most popular shows on TV first part of the article except one. we would talk to each other more..:_t4. headaches.TV or no TV? 1 Speaking ski ll s In pairs._ about your TV viewing habits. In and sleeplessness. Part 1 Does TV turn us into dumbos? A report just published says people who watch a lot of lV may be damaging 4 . although the than three meters can day on which people watch cause stress.!!. e In groups. In two out of three homes with a TV (61. Many adults don't even discuss which show to watch: they just get another lV and put it in another room.JL% of cases watch a lot of lV. List some disadvantages of TV. we use does not watch TV.. which might even result in fewer divorces! TV facts Television is probably the most powerful medium of communication ever invented. and that watching lV at a distance of less TV every day. lV viewers. discuss thl::se questions 1ri. look at Part 1 of an article below and try to complete it. Part 2 Then check with your teacher. it is on all the time.you 've guessed itthe second part. b Compare your answers with another pair.>. It is widely believed that if we didn't ""have lV. Only GLOSSARY dumb u a stupid person Unilll Media . and 13% has one in the kitchen. It appears that when we watch lV. the most TV is Sunday.4 hours watching power. The same applies to talking to each other. but it causes problems. which is discussed in are . On average. Statistics tell us that in most countries 60% of the population h TV 'In the 2 li viD!! roomas a I 30% has one in the 3 bedroom .

and after a while I got hooked on TV junk shows. Host I see. same programs are very educational. Now I feel much better. who used to be addicted to the TV but who is now one of the four per cent 0 of people who have chosen to live without TV. Host So. I used to feelli red and irritable all the lime. and he said that if I watched less TV." I gave the TV away and my life changed . If I still had a TV. Useful language: Additionaloctivtty An advantage of " is . not at all. Host How did your life change exactly? You stopped watching TV? Maureen Exactly . what's your advice to people who want to cut down on TV? Maureen Well. but then I lost my iob four years ago. you'd watch less TV. I listen to music a lot more . Host So you decided 10 do something aboul it? Maureen Yes. The more surfing through channels I did. I won't let it toke control of me. rt you hod to go to another room to switch Ihe TV on. find another iob. the more irritated I felt. Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise Ze.. people don'//alk. If students need more help you could write some of the answers 011 the board as they do the exercise.. Elicit answers fro m the class and note a few good ideas on the board. 56'~---------------------------------------------------------. Ask if any thing surprises students. met people. you know. find out whiGh students watch the most TV. learn where the ·off" switch is.. I thought. The articles present a pretty negative view of TV. For example. When you elici t answers from students in Exercise 2b. One of the best things about . Ask some pairs or groups to present their ideas to the closs. people ea/ TV dinners). but today we're going 10 talk about a different kind of addiclion . Maureen. help students to make guesses al the first answer. If I ever get a TV again. Host So you think that TV is all bad? Maureen No. So. its relaxing to walch TV after a hard day. I watched daytime TV. For Exercise Zc. Afterwards.it gave me more time. so I went to my doctor. No more TV. is Another good thing about . I've done so much since I gal rid of the television . There's some very good stuff on TV. and use il! Media T 116 Unit 11 . •• 2 Reading skills For Exercise 2a.put it in another room. ask for lots of guesses before revealing the actual answers. without revealing which blan k they go in. and on Sundays. what was so bad that it made you give up television completely? Maureen Well. I used to juSI watch TV now and again in the evenings. planning a TV schedule 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 1. Ask. I'd have less time to do things.Objectives Grammar Topic: watching TV Vocabulary television genres Reading Ustening a radio phone-in Speaking conditionals extrocts from magazines discussing TV viewing habits. I think I'd go crazy. 'That's it. I'm not stressed out any more.quite a bit. I'd be able to do more with my life. And how about your health? Maureen Well. and I couldn't do that. (For example. but you have to be able to control what you watch. But most important is to control the TV. and if I hadn't stopped watching TV. So. Maureen. First. is. I would never have discovered the pleasures of reading. students in pairs or small groups to make a list of advantages of television. For Exercise 3 on page 117 !II Host We've talked about addiction a lot before. [f necessary. I'm so embarrassed to think about it now. Note that only question 6 from Exercise 1 is discussed in part 2 of the article. don't let il control you.I've found a new job. I think a very importanlthing is not to have the TV in Ihe living room . have mare friends. and I was at home all day.addiction 1 the TV. explain that the answers rely on students' own general knowledge and guesswork. we're going to talk to Maureen. If I hod all these digital channels to choose from now. give a couple of examples to get students started. after a year or so I reali zed that il wasn't healthy. well. like most people. I iust used to lie on the sofa all day doing nothing.

. The audioscripl for Track 56 is on page n16 It Unitll T 117 Media . For example: If I become Presidenl. •• . T he other p icture is of Fid el Castro being interviewed. modeling stress and pronunciation. ask a few individuals to tell you their best sentences. IUncle Bob speokingJ II is. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exerc ise 4b. Ask students to sit down with their partner. and reads more (3 and 4). where the condition is possible. where the condition is unreallLe. You will need to monitor the "pair-choosing" carefull y. but cou ld also be no ws or curront affairs. Let studen ts complete Exer cise 4a indi vidually.. improbable or impossiblel. When eliciting answers from the class. Ask students to scan the lV page and find examples of the different types of program listed in exercise Sa . then check answers in pairs. Put students ill pairs to share their ideas. Monitor and encourage st udents to speak. ask them to show their schedu le to two or three other pairs in the class and talk about it with them. Additional activity Find and photocopy a page from on English-language lV listings page. 1'1/ reduce laxes. has a bette r life. and then elicit answers from the class. I would hove said hello. t . Give them 10 minutes to p lan and write out their TV schedu le on a sheet of paper. Model the activity in Exercise 4c by eliciting or providing two or three possible sentences. If I weflo!g 1:Je'¥~ seen you. IPresidential candidate speokingl If I were Presidenl. Common probtems and enors Students get the form wrong. Note: hooked on = obsessed with @ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. however. I will be happy.•• 3 Listening skills Give students a minute to briefly d iscuss the statements in Exerc ise 3a in pairs.. Answers: 1 and 2 were true of Mauree n in the past. The n ask them to stand up and find another student in the class w ho has chosen the same channel. It looks like a talk show. Ask students to complete the statements. 5 Vocabu lary: television Read th rough the words in the list in Exercise students to match the words to the pictures. In terms of form that students make most errors. Photocopy enough copies for everyone in the closs. Ask students to liston and comp lete the task. and aile or two pairs may have to compromise. Then ask Answers: The top p icture is of the American sitcom Friends. students need to differentiate between the first conditional. If I will-win. Choose one which lists the title of the program and describes its content. 6 Speaking ski lls Ask students to decide what kind of channel from the list they wou ld like to design programs for. In terms of use. and the second conditional. Ask them to think. Have students briefly share answers in the class and find out who wrote the best schedule . Let them c heck in pairs before discussing them as a class. 4 Grammar review: conditionals Read through the example carefully as a class so that students are clear about the task. thon chock in pairs. Divido students into groups of four or five to do Exercise 5h . Quick grammar guide: condmonals Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. of 8 name for their channel. Now sho has more friends .. 50 . They often try to express the ideo of the subjunctive In the conditional clouse by using will or would. Then give students three or four minutes to thjnk up and w ri telheir own sentences. I'd cullaxes. When students h ave finished.

I'd 'ltaf. focus on entertainment Channel 2: public service channel.m. caters for people over 30. past . caters for people aged 16-35. Choose from one of these channels.m. 5 [wou ld have gone oul with you last night if they badn'l shown (not showl Big Brother! c Make conditional sentences lLsing these phrases.If . they'd read more.. caters for all ages.. likes to broadcast new. unreal 3 If I had a TV. 3 If they watched less TV. he will become isolated. I. If you sit close to the TV. you may damage your eyes. present . prese/lt. he said that if [watched less TV.:OD-7:00 /. . or future. they'd have more friends and a better life. 5 Vocabul ary: television a Look at the two pictures on this page and find the kinds of shows they represent from the list helow. to 1 :30a.age ?> ut£<C f'YO:J'"am. 4 If your child continues (continue) to watch too much TV. think of the most popular eXflmple in your country of each category of TV sbow. 4 If they sold the TV. Channel 1: commercial channel. to choose from 5 If [ ever gel a TV again. we would talk to each other more. future . possible b Now complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. 4 Grammar review: conditionals a Read these conditional sentences and write post. unreal 5 I'll watch more TV if I get digital channels. Choose the best schedule for the class.. hie 2 If [ still had a TV. eg. different programs Channel 4: commercial channel. unreal 4 I'd have gone out more if I hadn't had a TV. . you would suffer (suffer) deprivation symptoms. Listen to Maureen talking about her TV viewing habits. lalk show currenl affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show b [n groups. Then discuss them in pairs. I'd be . 6 Speaking skills a In pairs. I would watch more TV.:rwm. 1 If you stopped watching TV. future.ch {. 2 If I hadn 't watched so much TV as a child. Which of the statements were true of Maureen in the past? Wh ich are true now? Listen again and complete Maureen's statements. 5 They surfchaflncls a lot while they're watching TV. focus on education and information Channel 3: public service channel. from 6:00p. Media Unit 11 .3 Listening skills a Some people are really "hooked" on TV. Note the program type and an example of the show for each time slot. and possible or unreal by them.. I won't let iltake control of me. less TV. present. I would watch it every night. 3 If the chann els showed (show) more documentaries. discuss whether these statements are true of anyone yOll know.k Pops teen. [n pairs. I'd have less lime!o do mo re. (/uluJ<e. 1 They"re hooked on TV junk shows. 4 0 """'''1. Top of c Compare your schedule with other pairs. p:mUe) 1 If you watch a lot of TV. 2 They often lie on the sofa all day doing nothing but watching TV. caters for all ages. yo u are going to design TV programming for an evening for one channel. have a TV in the bedroom appear on TV be addkted to (show name) waste time watching TV . you will read less. 1 . possible 2 If we didn't have TV. I wou ld have read (read) more books. 3 If [ hadn't stopped watching TV.I didn't M--ve a TV m the fed.. tends toward common interests such as sports and musi c b Plan a rriday evening's TV schedule.

entertainment b Now discuss newspapers in general in your country. even if it reveals private information abo ut people. a politician who is having an affair. social events. reader comments. business people. How do newspapers breach people's privacy? Who is usually affected by breaches of privacy? b You are going to draw up a code of conduct on privacy for newspapers. Unill l Media .) 2 Task a One of the crit icisms of some newspapers is that they do not respect people's privacy. 1 Newspapers have a duty to publish anything they think is in the public interest.1 Warm up a Check th e words and phrases in italic in a dictionary or with your teacher. 5 Any kind of spying on famous people by newspaper reporters should be banned. You may use the points in Exercise 2b and rewrite them so they reflect your opinion. in pairs. 1 How many major newspapers are there in your country? . discuss the questions with reference 10 the last newspaper you read. decide on four "golden rules" of conduct for journalists.. 3 The public has a right to know every detail about the lives of fam ous or important people. In pairs.it shows that they are still important. Then. liberals.. (For example. crime reports. middle/lower economic groups. 3 What was the headline on the front page? 4 Was the report sensational or factual? 5 Were there any scandal or gossip reports? 6 Does this newspaper have a large circulation? 7 Which section of Ihe newspaper did you read in mosl detail? Sections: national news. 6 Newspapers which publish inaccurate reports about famous people should be fined and banned from publishing the reports. the classifieds.) 2 Any person who is in the public eye has to expect media interest.. say whether you agree or disagree with these opinions and why. 1 Was il a tabloid or broadsheet newspaper? 2 What was the lead story about? Report the main points 10 your partner. 4 Famous people are usually secretly pleased that newspapers write about them . )ocalnews. etc. 2 How many are tabloids/broadsheets? 3 Whal sect ions can probably be found in each of them? 4 Who is the main audience for each one? (young people. international news. or think of your own ideas. editorials. sports . 3 Prepare In groups. conservat ives.

Put students in pairs to ask and answer the questions. ex-partners. going through your garbage: taking photos with powerful lenses on beaches or in bedrooms. to breach privacy). TV celebrities. going through private records. such as doctor's records. and neighbors.g. Bri ng a newspaper 10 class to hel p you point oul and explain di fficult vocabulary. Have a brief class discussion of the answers. people in the news for other reasons. The people usuall y affected arc well-known people . sports stars. such as the victims of crime or lottery winners. Introduce !he topic 1 Warm up Ask students to road through the questions in Exercise 1a and check the vocabulary. following people. Ask What are the names of the newspapers? What kind of newspapers do you think they ore? What stories are fronl page and back page nev. and elicit ideas in answer to the questions in Exercise 28 .Objectives Topic: newspapers and privacy Writing a code of conduct Grammar modal verbs. Suggested answeres: Newspapers breach privacy by: interviewing ex-friends. politicians. Show them 10 students and pass them around the class. small ads on the inside pages edilOfials '" newspaper articles in which the editor gives the newspaper's opinion on on issue in the news Vocabulary 2 Task Have a brief class discussion.pop and movie stars." Monitor and help with vocabulary. Media T 118 Unit 11 . etc.'S? You could use the newspapers 10 elien and/or explain the words In italics in exercise 1 a. 3 Prepare Put students in groups of fou r to wri te their "golden rules. However. bring in two or three different English languoge newspapers. •• tabloid = newspaper with small pages and sensational staries broadsheet'" newspaper with big pages and serious stories lead story '" the main story on the frool page classifieds '" short. Put students in pairs to read the opinions in Exercise 2b and decide whether they agree with them or not. Divide tho class into groups of fo ur or five to d iscuss the questions in Exercise l b . are also affected. Elicit an explanation of breach le. active and passive Speaking presenting ideas for a code of conduct If you can.

. they're in public. There were some pictures token recently of the widow of a soldier . Elicit the best ideas from each group to build up a class code of conduct on the board./? He anaclced a photographer. using a telephoto lens.restaurants are really private places that open up to a few people at a time.at his funeral. A look. Ask students to listen and answer the question . but that was public interest . I'm a photographer and I believe in freedom to toke the pictures I wont. well. and as a newspaper editor myself. We're all here to discuss a few problems we've hod recently with breaches of people's privacy.. Mario. they're not like funerals. In Exercise 5b. but I think they had a deal with another newspaper.s. I think we can all agree that our first rule is that we do not invade the privacy of people who are sick or dying. but not of people in this case? A Yes. I think thars on intrusion on her grief. They say that in some places. in some places.a lot of people think that the ormy shouldn't have gone out there. like Britain. photographers can't take pictures in restaurants. so of course we can toke and print pictures of that. rather than the pictures was token? A Yes. They say that they can take and print pictures of close-ups with telephoto lenses in the u. but that example of Princess Diona after her cor crash. on her suHering. B Another thing . Unilll T 11 9 Media . o Mmm. here in the United States 01 least. B Yes. Not true.4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to read their main points aloud. We've only agreed that we can't have pictures of sick people or of people who are grieving. photographers can't take pictures there. so the photographer was allowed to toke it. we're not getting very far. We'd bener get on . BID Yeah. oren'tthey? So. Do you agree? e yes. I think so . yes? C As you know. No one should be allowed to print that. but it was taken in France.what about pictures of famous people's weddings and things like that? I mean. even of close-ups with telephoto lenses. bull don't think we need to focus on that case too much. Answers: They say thai because the photo of Princess Diana was taken in France. I completely agree with tha t. and t do not wont my newspaper to be sued ! C Of course not. I think. Then put the groups together again to complete their code of conduct. defnitely. you also have to be careful who you take you know that singer.~ . Not true. I really don't want that. C DiHicult . like Britain. A But you have to be invited .the event is in a public place. if famous people are at a restaurant or somewhere. B Okay. I agree. ask students to complete the descriptions and play the audio again . LeI's start. Chris Martin of Co/dp/a. 5 Compare ~ Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Put students in pairs to read the descriptions in Exercise 5c and find the throe mistakes. that was just sick. I Of course. B Isn't the issue that it was printed.. Ask the rest of the class to take notes about what each speaker says. Remember the pictures of the wedding of Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas? They sued the newspaper over that.you're unlikely to get pictures of a wedding unless you're inside the church or you use a telephoto lens. We have to look at improving things ourselves or the government will impose new rules on us. 6 Follow up Put students in groups of four to draw up their own code of conduct. but what about famous people? I mean. The photographer had taken close-ups of her crying. which is why there were all the problems -that newspaper had an exclusive. the photographer was allowed to take it. A I think you'Ulind that was because his wife was pregnant and didn't wont to have photographs taken. they're happy occasions. Not true. o You mean the one of her in the car after it hod crashed? That was terrible. but not close-ups of grieving relatives. A Okay. A I'm more concerned about ordinary people. so pictures of the funeral are okay. o I agree.

a permissible.1<>1"''= VYithOUt consent. wedding. 1 a picture of Princess Diana after .. laws exist. Present them to the rest of the class..~d ven "private places" includes cars an e publiC areas· ItalV doO even of people PiCtures taken out rs. z a picture of a soldier's . france herS could be sued for taking PhOtograp. Complete the descriptions of the four pictures. What were they? d Do you know the laws on press and privacy in your country? Ifnot. c Look at the descri ptions of the laws relating to photographing people in some countries.. are visible from a pu Ie . .. Which aspect are the people talking about? photographer. widowlfuneral. can you guess? .. and privacy Listen again. ·vate bOat standing on the deck of a po ' are alloWed· United States standing in public piCtures of someone balcony plainly view. draw up two or three ideas for a code of conduct for press photographers..... b Combine all the ideas you agree with to make a complete code of conduct for journalists reporting on the lives of the rich and the famous. 5 Compare Listen to a discussion about another aspect of newspapers and privacy.ing the law. '-- 6 Follow up a In groups... bUt photographerS No prnacy d for harassment or may be sue .. b Compare your ideas with other groups and pul together a class code of conduct . a restaurant/a IJUblic place.. If yOU use raph lenS ard a IaC\def to protog ~=~ in his backyard. trespassing on pnvate property... 3 pictures of famous people in . The people in the discussion made three mistakes when discussing these laws. However. her car crash. for example o~ra sidewalk. Make a note of ideas from other groups... pictures in private . 4 pictures of two actors· . The people give four examples of pictures that intrude on people's privacy. 4 Feedback a Choose the three main points of your code of conduct on the press and privacy... you may be txea\<.

A good. we 'll watch more movies at home. . hot soup is one thing I really like to eat in the winter. We do not use the progressive to talk about the number of actions/times we have done something. 2 TV shows talk show current affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show Match these definitions with a word or phrase from t he lists in 1 and 2. would/could/might + infinitive It\Ie've decorated this room. or write both jf both forms are possible. I'll take over. We've been decorating. Sony about the mess. 2) If I h ad my cell phone. 1) to talk about unlikely events/situations in the present or Mure We've watched three French movies this week. :J~~~~!£!~ e 'library all summer. One thing I really like to eat in the winter is a good. Cold.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect progressive Use To talk abrut an action or activity that started i1 the past and is still contim. singers and comedians variety show Unilll Media .. If I ha d had a oomputer. wet weather is something that rooJly de{Yesses me. Vocabulary Summary 1 Collocations with video video game arcade video camera video game video phone video recorder video tape video cassette video cassette recorder video conferencing 1 I've been working (. We can use both the present perfect smpIe and progressive to talk about actioos with a result n the present. We use the simple: Us.g . buth " ed io th~ 2 You must be tired. The progressive suggests that the action was VfJly recently finished: 2) to talk about impossible events/situations in the present Fo"" if + past. 1 2 Noun clauses NOlI1 clauses otten COfItoo a relative clause. To talk about a series of actions. 3 a place wheI'a you can play video games in machines by putting mooey in them video game arcade 4 a TV comedy sefies that takes place in a particular situation." o<fut"'" Fo"" if + present + wiIf + infinitive We've docorated this room. e. These noun clauses take a complement and can come either before or after the verb. First conditional Us. hot soup. 4 I've waited (I've been waiting for Charlie for ages. fNe haven't finished yet. e.. Something that really depresses me is cold. 3 Where have you been~ calii?J I've been calling you at least ten times. Third conditional Us. I'd move to a new house. - firishOO. wet weather. rNe've just we could call for help. n /t:xJks much better now. but the focus is ()(l If we get a DVD pJayet. an office sitcom 5 a TV show in which well-known people are intefViewed talk show 6 a TV show that has a number of different acts. It is rTlClt9 neutral to put them after the verb: The food is the thing I realty like about Thailand. work and study: Hi&y has attended I has been attencfng this sdKXJI for (\AI() )'EIa'S. emphasis to the complement: a continuing TV series abOut the imaginary lives of a group of people soap opera 2 TV programs that do not use real actors but show ordinary people doing ordinary things reality TV we are adding The thing I really like ebout Thailand is the food. hl!!O!!th ---. Negative: We haven't been watching much TV recently. the activity: Second conditional We've been watching a lot of foreign movies recently. If we place the noun dause before the verb. to talk abOut events/situatiOns whiCh are possible in the present We've b800 deconlting this room.) Note the difference between the simple and the progressive he.g. I might have finished the book earlier. suctJ as Iva. Ouestiofl: Have you been watching much TV recentty? Choose t he correct tonn of the verb. ou've been drivin You've driven for hours. I'm going to go home now. see Page 46 (first and second conditionals) and Page 56 (third conditionaQ. fNe've finished. 1) If I got lhejob. 5 It's snowed ~ ~II night and it stiD hasn't stopped.) To express duration (often with a time phrase): I've been writing this essay for three hours.1Q: 3 Conditionals For more information on each conditional. an apartment.) We can use both the siTl>Ie and progessive with rK) change in ITIEHling with some verbs thaI have a sense of oontiluatoo. to talk about imaginary (unreaQ events/situations in the past Fomo if + past perfect + wouIeJ/couIdImight + have + past participle Fo"" have + been + -4ng verb Affirmative: We 've been watching 8 lot of TV recently.

work. but only lor very ' difficult expressions. Make a list of the techniques you would like to try. or any ideas lor improving the organizaHon. stuff like that. Underline any ideas you didn't include. It's kind of a hObby. I copy the phrases into a special notebook.that is a big help. discuss which students are not making the most of their opportunities to learn vocabulary. Give your partner the final version of the paragraph you wrote in Unit 10 about the importance of reading. Hungary . vocabulary. . By "nice" I mean vocabulary that interests me like idioms. Which person do you resemble most? Discuss any questions you have. I'm an engineer and keep a notebook just for that area of my English. or an opposite. . and so on. 2 Expanding your repertOire of techniques a Read the four case studies above again and underline the techniques they mention. Read it and check any Ideas that you suggested in your paragraph. . I enjoy writing them down although to be honest. talk about the list you have made with your partner. a::: ::::> >- o b LOOk at what these students below say about how they record new vocabulary. c Discuss the techniques as a class.. an adverb. the family. Yes. Add any other techniques to the list that you think may be useful. . I have a notebook that I only use for vocabulary and I'm very organized. grammar. I'm going to buy a cheap notebook and copy everything into that. but mostly I write translations. so I show the main stress and write in phonetics . . Put a check next to the effective techniques. it will be very hard to find the correct definition when you look in a dictionary. I use different techniques: a picture. I'm not very organized about keeping vocabulary although I'm always very careful about including information about the grammar of a word or phrase .. I always try to put new language into use as soon as I can. That's important if you want to be able to use the language. That would help him find the exact meaning more quickly and he wouldn't feel so frustrated. . o -' > UJ o UJ 0. Most of my techniques are probably ' considered "traditional". Helena Heinemann. I am pretty clear about what language I want to learn. collocations.recording if something is a phrasal verb. But I"m not doing English only for my work! I remember words and phrases from songs or interesting texts . and I also use highlighter pens. a synonym. Japan .. Chile c In pairs. you know.. I never use any of them. Correct pronunciation is very important for me too.. Germany _ L-__ PLAN C> Your action plan: working with vocabulary Put your list from Exercise 2c into action tomorrow..z z C) ~ Working with vocabulary 1 Reviewing techniques for recording vocabulary a Are you making the most of your vocabulary learning potential? Write down the two Of three ways you most commonty record new vocabulary. My teacher calls me "the detective" because I love trying to guess words from context. and phrases. spelling. . Media Unit 11 . and punctuation of the paragraphs. Experiment with new ideas and you will find new techniques that suit the way you like to learn. holidays. Oh. Review your action plan: editing your written work ~ . b In pairs. . I usually write an example of the words or phrases and the other helpful technique I use is to divide language into topic areas. I guess. That's just the way my mind works.I enJoy read ing in English and underline "nice" expressions. Ana Ramos. . I enjoy fill-in exercises and I prefer a bilingual dictionary so that I'm sure I've understood something. But this is often difficult because there are a lot of meanings for one wordthat frustrates me. What practical advice would you give them? I would tell Keisuke to think about the general meaning of a new word before he looked it up in a dictionary. . Ference Lukacs. .. I've never had a special notebook for vocabulary. When I come across new vocabulary I ask my teacher or I look It ' up in my bilingual dictionary. And I do . I do use my English dictionary. either. Keisuke Katsura. You'll also make yourself a better language learner in the process! Note: bring any new vocabulary entries to the class at the end of Unit 12. have to see a word written down if I want to remember it. I write the date at the top of the page and make a list of all the new vocabulary I learn that day. I like repeating things aloud as well. I had a great teacher who once told me that if you don't think about the meaning of new vocabulary in context.

decide who should continue in future studies or get a good job? o Tests gi ve you an idea of how you are progressing. Usc one or more words in each blank. Unil 12 . So only tho theory on the day and how you now.t. A So did you pass that science test? B No.which means that I So much depends dOll" have to 6 retake that part of the course. Have you used the same words as in the box? exams/ tests grade take/do review for scored/got tested on failed retake do your best under that kind of pressure? 2 Speaking skills Do you agree with these statements in the speech bubbles about tests? Write A (agree). covered that yet. Use the words and phrases in the box 10 complete the blanks you could not fill. b In class. didn't you 4 !llke your lab practica!s last week? A Yeah! And thankfully I got II good 5 grade . so tests are really pointless. speaking of lests. How else can you place peop le in class levels. c In pairs.en. discuss these questions. We have a really tough biology lest tomorrow so I'd bettor get home and 7 reyiew [Of it! Tests make some people feel J hato May and June . which really wasn't fair because \'\10 haven '. Hey. award certificates and above all. compare your opinions. That means you can build on ._1 and work harder on weak arCaS. NS (not sure) or D (disagree) by each one.Unit12 Looking ahead lesson 1 Which exam? 1 Vocabulary: tests a Try to complete this cOllversat ion between two science students. Some st udents forge t everything they've studied the moment a test is over. so how can b In pairs. I 1 failed il! I only 2 scored/got seven out of 25. We were 3 teslfld Oil molor functions.all these 8 examsltesls are killing mol really nervous.gth. 1 What's the best experience you have ever had in an exam? 2 What's the worst experience you have ever had in un exam? 3 What havo your experiences with English exams been like? Ii You have to take tests. Thai reminds me I have to go now. You find v "" ~~ \ about your strong and your weak points. compare your opinions about the statements.

how . reading. I want to begin the closs by lolking a lillie more about the Internet-based TOEFl. and shore their answers with the closs. To show Iheir English is okay. thars called a ' paper-based.. Teacher Right! Student B And you lake the lest online. Now as most of you already know.one hour per section. Now.. a . as you kn ow. Sa you have to wo rk quickly.S. you could use these questions. 58~------------------------------------------------------. Encourage lots oftalking. lers go on looking ahead T 122 Unit 12 . where were we? Oh.. righl? . Er.Objectives Vocabulary fests Topic: exams (the TOEFl) Reading on exam leaflet Ustening an informal tolk Speaking agreeing and disagreeing with statements Ask a few personalized questions to get students storied. And one more thing. of course. speaking. who! other ways are there of deciding who should pass a course or graduate? What sort of tests work best? How can we make tests less pointless and more useful? Alternatively. 2 Speaking skills Ask students to listen and read . Read Qut statements 1 to 4 in the speech bubbles on the page. nole-taking will help you remember what you want to soy or wri te . Ihot kind of thing. For Exer cise 4 on page 123 ':IiI Teacher Okay. and gel students 10 odd others. to do a class survey. so thaI's good news for testlakers. Okay. Student C Thanks. t'li begin with reading. TOEFl is designed to tesl if non-native speakers ore ready to to ke courses in English-speaking colleges in Ihe U. You can complete il on the same day. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 2e.. Sa lers go on to the individual papers. orticles you would find in an academic textbook or journot ... yes. and each porl tesls one of the four skills: listening. now in Ihe reading seclion.. You could extend the closs discussion following exercises 2a and 2b by asking further questions: Additionol activity What do/can you do to prepare yourself for exams? What canldo you do to ovoid being too nervous or under too much pressure? If we don't take tests. Apart from the note laking. ask two or three individuals to summarize for the class what their partner told them. one that you do on paper.. and ask students to write whether they agree or disagree with them. and writing. Now. First. all th e words thai may be difficult are explained for you. . let's start wi th Ihe different sec tions of Ihe lest. lers . almost. Ask students to interview each other. Let them check in pairs and then work in pairs to check and complete Exercise 13 with the words in the box in Exercise l b. Anybody remember whallhol is? Student A Sure! It's Ihal tesl lhat foreign sludenls take to show their English is okay. For example.. There's a g lossary. Yep. you 're bolh right. Have a class discussion of the answers.. and find out how students really feel about exams. So the passages ore typical of the kind of Ihing you would see if you were sludying in the Stoles. you will be asked 10 complete comprehension questions. there's another very useful feature in this test. Afterwards. Student B Excuse me.test. . . note suggestions. are the texts long? . righl? Student C And there's also a . When did you losl take a test? What was if a lest on? How did you do? What sort aftest do you like to take? 00 you get nervous when you lake tests? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: tests Ask students to fead the conversation quickly and guess which words afe missing. Teacher Yes.remember. how many words? Teacher Good question -the lexls a re prelly long between 650 and 750 words. you will be given three passages 10 read and. Teacher Uh. A very positive feature is Ihal you can toke notes throughout the test .. we're going to look at Ihe Internel-based TOEFl. too. Are . how long is the lest? Teacher The 10101 examination lasts aboul lour hours . Student 0 What kind of passages are there? Teacher Well. okay for what? Student A To show their English is good enough to sludy in on American college. Ihe lesl is in four sections.

You have to pick the correct option. Scanning Set a shan time limit for e xercise 3b because this is a scanning task Students should scan through the text un til they find the answers. Suggested answer: listening section: conversations and lectures. anticipate .. Australia. Ask students to take notes. and predict wha t might be the answe rs. Ask students to read through the questions in Exe rcise 3b carefully. lers go on 10 the listening section.g. Tasks: 6 (2 conversations.3 Reading skills For Exercise 3<1 . Canada. it's really not. right Teacher So tha t is what I mean by -real world: Okay. let me give yo u a n example: lers soy. 5 Independent questions ask t. Their goal is to find cenoin specific information quickly. have a brief discussion. Then have them read in detail. yeah? So you must be able to fo llow a conversati on like this. 4 lectures) based on: how things bappen in real world. Student C What do you mean. Unit 12 T 123 looking ahead . They are based on how things happen in the real world. lell them to note them in pencil. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. Lei them check their notes in pairs. I'm just coming to thot. pa rticularly from the United States. listening. Britain. speaking 4 It mirrors the way English is lIsed for commwlicative purposes in the real world. integrated questions requi. You also have to be able to. predicting what speaker is going to say) Exercise 4c is an opportunity to have a question and answer session aboul the TOEFL exam. Britain. Britai n. Answers: 1 Non-native speakers o f English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment (colleges and universities) 2 4 3 Reading.. Student A And how many different listening tasks are the re? Teacher There ore two conversations and lour lectures. Canada.est-takers to talk about topics they are familiar with and can answer from personal knowledge and experience. so you are liste ning to the conversati on and th en it suddenly stops and you ore as ked what will come next . The oudioscript for Track 58 is on page T122 Pi.. . uh. Student B But how do you tesllhat? I mean. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. If neccessary. or other exams thai your students may be planning to take. remembe r this is 0 test to see how you would do in an academic environment. ~~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------. let's say you've been asked to listen to a dia logue between a professor and a college student Now this is a situati on you might find yourself in.-Teacher Now. how do you test thot I can predict? Teacher Wait a second. uh . Then play the audio. But they ore all the kind of thing you would nor ma lly hear if you were livi ng a nd studying in the U. In the listening test you will hea r conversotions and lectures. uh. They may know or guess some answers.s. Answers: 1 paragraph 1 2 paragraph 2 3 paragraph 2 4 paragraph 2 5 paragraph 3 6 paragraph 4 Ask students to skim the test to locate the answers in Exercise 3c.. to find out what students know about the TOEFL. which wi ll be similar to those that you wil l hear in real academic s ituations. right? Students Yeah. Student C Does tha t mean six different liste ning tasks!? Teacher Yeah. Then give them one minute to find answers to the questions in the tex\. using th e notes in exercise 48 as a model. okay? So if you were studying in an Ame rican college. T eacher No.. you have to understa nd whot he or she already said before.you are given four opti ons. Okoy.!'e candidates to combine two or three skills. The record ings will include a range of nativespeake r accents. 10 predict what Ihe speake r is going to soy next To do this. Six. Ask students to listen and complete the noles. We'll be looking 01the d ifferent sons of thi ngs you need to do in the exam so your students will be well prepared for the test So relax. writing. draw attention to the Glossary. (real academic si tuations) range of native-speaker accen ts: US. But to fol low a conversation isn't always enough. Student C That sounds tricky. you'd have to go to lectures and toke notes. first in groups and then as a class. irll be okay. (e. and Australia. If so. the "real wo rld"? Teacher Well. 6 2 4 Listening ski lls Ask students to read the notes in Exercise 4a carefully. of course.

or academic needs. Ustening. Please note that this test can also be taken in a paper-based form. they may be asked to read a short text on a related subject and then record their answer. Testtakers speak into a microphone to record their answers. isn'. This helps English students and their teachers identify the particular skills they need to improve in order to be ready to lake an academic course in an English-speaking environment. In groups . In the integrated task test-takers will be asked to read a short text and then listen to a college-level lecture on an academic topic before writing a response to what they have heard of 150225 words. It is an English language proficiency test taken by non-native speakers of English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment. and Speaking. II's the exam YOII take when YOll lI'ont to study A brief introduction to the TOEFL CST What is the TOEFL CBT and what does it do? 1 at a college in the States.3 Reading skills a Vou are going to mad pari of a loaflet on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). This time lake your own notes on what the leacher trainer says. 4 Listening skills ~ a You arc going to listen to an Englisb teacher trainer talking to her teachers about the TOEFL. The four integrated questions require candidates to use a combination of two or three skills. Test-takers need to demonstrate not only that they know the content but also that they can organize it. Put simply. Writing. In addition. personal. The independent task requires testtakers to write approximately 300 words about a topic of which they have knowledge or personal experience. This is called an integrated-skills approach to testing. types of questions: independent and integrated. They are required to answer two different In the writing section test-takers have to complete two pieces of written work: an independent and an integrated task. In this test the skills are not tested in isolation . In which paragraph would you expect to find the answer 10 each question? Who is the exam for? How many parts are there in the test? What does TOEFL test? What is an illtegralod+skills approach to losting? 5 What is the difference between an independent and an integrated speaking tas k? 6 How many pioces of writing uro there? 1 2 3 4 c Read the leaflot carefully and answer the questions in Exercise 3b. the idea behind this is that the approach mirrors the way English is used for communicative purposes in the real world.(engfh of feds.750 wQrd~ Jte!p g<Ven <>L 6 glOssa ry - English language proficiency is tested in four separate sections: Reading. The CST is the Computer Based TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language. Complete the notes taken by a teacher. For example. It assists colleges and universities in admitting and then placing non-native speaking students within their courses. discuss anything you have heard about the exam. What is tested and how is it tested? 2 . The two independent questions ask testtakers to talk about topics they are familiar with and will be able to answer from their personal knowledge and experience . whether for professional. In the real world people almost always combine different skills when they communicate. What happens in the writing section? 4 ti' b Tho teacher trainer then ta lks about tho listening section of the test. why not? Find other people in the class who would like to take the test and find out why. In this section candidates are tested on their ability to communicate successfully in an academic environment. if? b Look through lho leaflet very qu ickly. What is the speaking section like? 3 c Think about everything you have learned about the TOEFL: would you tako it? If so. What is th e reading section like? 5 In this section test -takers are required to GLOSSARY pinpoint discover exactly whnt something is mirror (vb) reflect looking ohead Unil12 . they may be asked to listen to part of a lecture and then record their answer. In addition.testtakers are required to combine different skills in order to complete different tasks. 5 - 650 . why? If not . the test-takers are given results which help them pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses.

9 !J stud engi neering. of course.someone to give help and advice to them. b Check the sentences that were true. 5 If I arr&:Qc~erled ~ entered into a university in the U. Did yo u think the same information was important? d In class. me. On top of tuition and fees. r r r GLOSSARY cross a h urd le deal with a problem so that you can go on to do something successfully be bro ke (informal) have no money do something 2417 (informal) do it all the time. We offer all of the services above and more. you must apply on arrival. write a list of five things you need to think about before you go.S. are true now. what SlOpS most students who would like to study abroad? 2 What possible solutions are there to these hurdles? 3 Woul d y ou like to study English abroad? If you could. Any good school will be happy to tell you about its teachers and their qualifications. 1 I'm planning I~I make a course in business admi~0?ation. Consulate or Embassy with a completed 1-20 Form along with your passport and an Affidayjt of financial Support Medical insurance All students studying in the U.. or could become t rue for y Oll . books. seven days a weok Unit12 lOOking ahead .S. Above all. Le. or hopes of further education. 1 In your coun try. especially about personal problems. What else do you need to do before you pack your bags? Visas If you arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. 8 I'd like to take a parI. travel to and from school and. c Imagine you are interested in studying English in the U. Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few weeks. you certainly won'tY regret it. 7 I'm doing a career ~gf~i n biochemistry.s./de .enough ~ to pay fay c Use the ideas above to tell your partner about your experience.S" you will not be admitted to the country. or stay in a st udent dorm. Do you want to be in a big school (500+ students) or a small one (under 50)? Do you want lessons that are formal or informal? Does the school offer a range of different classes so that you can pick and choose classes to meet your needs? Student Visa go to your local U.time course@)t 0 11 history and work at the same time. Then compare your notes with a partner.scottoengllshatsanfranos(O.S . 24 hours. remember that it's important to stay somewhere where you will be happy. please e-mail I Money If you don't have a clear idea of what a course can cost. If you study at English@San Francisco. Don't go for the cheapest room if it means that you'll never meet anyone and get Counselors It is crucial that the school provides each student with a counselor . ~ 4 I'd like t get take a high grade on an examination ike the TOEFL. food. are required to have medical insurance. Add any extra ideas to your list. 6 I need to get goo rade notes in science subjects. they should also be qualified to teach English.! 3 I'd like 10 finish . what would the benefits be? ha"tl!. Accommodation Why not stay WI th a host familv if you want to expenence Amencan home life? Ot herwise.(iiiaiO?>nsomething to do with man ement.. If you have any further questions. 2 I'm hoping to pass into ~ntery graduate program. entertainment. '!flake SUn> .I.com Sports and sociaL program Studying English is not limited 10 the classroom. ~"fJ . plans. learn about different aspects of the United States. the options are to rent your own apartment. Good schools should offer th is facility. Greg Scott Director of Studies English @ San Francisco g. To obtain an E1 depressed.. add accommodation. The schooL So what should you look for? That depends on you. So you've finally persuaded your parents or employer to let you go for a month to study English? Congratulations! That's the first hurdle crossed . Studying abroad is very exciting but it can be stressful as students cope with cultural changes and speak English 2417. In groups. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. and generally have a good time. go online and check out the fees of a number of schools. Good schools offer a wide range of optional activities to help you ma ke new friends. 2 Reading skills a Imagine that you have the opportunity to study English in a college in the United States." a""il' b Read the article below quickly to see how many of your ideas are mentioned. Read the article more carefully and ta ke notes on the advice that you think is important fo r you. discuss the following. In addition.On with English! 1 Vocabulary: further edu cation a Choose the correct word or words to comp lete the sentences. The teachers Personal qualities are very important in a teacher..

.. Ask Which language schools look interesting and why? Ask students whot they would look for in a language school abroad. Put students in pairs to talk about their further education plans. and pass them around. •• 1 Vocabulary: further education Ask students to choose the correct word in Exercise la . Remind students about the Glossary. bring them inlo class. Find out which students would like to study at the school in the article. ask one group to read their list aloud.. Ask other grou ps if they have anything interesting to add. In Exercise 2b. End this pari ofth e lesson with a discussion .. ask students to read the article and check and add to their list. Ask students to read the article more closely for Exercise 2c and underline or write down information that is relevant to them. Let them compare in pairs. Let them check what they found in their groups. a Web page Writing a formal e-mail requesting information Speaking discussing further education Ask students a few personalized questioos. Have a brief class discussion of answers. Have a class discussion. What are you planning 10 do nexJ when you finish your currenl studies? Whol are your pions for continuing fa study and improve your English in the future? Ate you planning 10 take any courses in the near future fa improve your career or employment prospects? Introduce the topic If you con find any leoRets for longuage schools in lhe U. asking the questions in Exercise 2d .s. and then have a brief class discussion. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into groups of four or five to write their list for Exercise 2a . Monitor and help with ideas.Objectives Grammar functions of conditionals Topic: further education and studying English abroad Vocabulary further education Reading a Web site ad. At the end. then check answers with a partner. looking ahead T 124 Unil12 . or elsewhere.

ask students to write their e-maiJs.T . (warni ng) Give me a call if you wanl any advice about gelling a visa. suggestions. Final paragraph: Conclusion Thank you very much for . and make sure they make note of the questions not answered. requirements. youcertai nly won'! regret it. Ask pairs to exchange drafts. Have students do Exercise 4c in groups of four. Do the firs t situation in Exercise 3c as an example with the class. pool their ideas.. Could you let me know exadly . write the following advice and useful 0 language on the board: Paragroph 1: Introduction I am in/eresled in attending . Answers: Advice An offer A requirement A promise A suggestion A warning !fyau arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. Nominate one student to write. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. Additional activity Divide students into groups of six to eight. and write a poster with six pieces of a dvice. Elicit two or three different conditional sentences from the students and write them on the board. andlor warnings. Tell pairs to read the drafts carefully.S. ask them to share their ideas with another pair in Exercise 3d .rs to write conditional sentences. I would like /0 find more information about . I'm looking forward to hearing from you. you will no t be admitted to the country. Ask a few students to read their sentences aloud to the class. Put the posters on the classroom walls for other students to read. Paragraph 2/3: Asking questions Could you please tell me . you must apply on arrivaL If you study at English@SanFrancisco. After they have their original drafts back. Divide Ute class into pairs for Exercise 4d . Uyau have any further questions. .. Suggested answl!l'S for situation 1: You have to get a visa if you want to st udy in my country. Ask them to choose one of the situations in exercise 3c.. Presentation alternative If your students ore unclear about how 1 organize their e-mail. 4 Writing skills Put students in pairs to write their list in Exercise 4a .. Encourage readers to add any queslions they wish clarified or answered in the e-mail (in order to add more meaningful con tent) and also to write suggestions for improvement in pen. Also tell them to use pencil to circle any mistakes they spot. Then have them do Exercise 4b individually. I am writing to ask about . you won't be allowed enlry at Immigralion Control. please e-mail me. Why not stay with a host family if you want to experience American home life? Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few wooks. (advice) II you don't get a visa. Then have them check their answers with a partner and the Grammar Swnmary on page 130.• ~ 3 Grammar: functions of conditionals Ask students to do Exercise 3a . (offer) When students have fi nished. Unil12 T 125 Looking ahead . Then put students in pai.

social program and sports activities 8'1jo)' our extensive prow-am from theater visits to a chance to see the famOUS soston Red Sox. in the text them with the f U ll the article (in . 1 visas 2 lllg sItuations to hel 4 } med."..' thin the 'ad vertisemenl b I ~. exchange vo Suggest imp'o your group to ell": k'lrr draft with f vements} "c or yo Write th e Ii Ilal e-mail.000 foreign students a year. -.. u.:. offering yOU the very best in language learning" En~ish 10Ef\-. ...3 Grammar: f unctions f a 0 conditionals Italic).n.. please e_mail us at I tooking ahead Unit 12 ..ud "" Summ"y ellt IS com' language.nO. We also have excellent sports facilities on the Woodland campus.. 1he gomg to stud . h another pair fro~JllS ed.... If you want to maKe real progress with )'our and have fUn at the 53me time. In lair mg t ~ your countr t study yo ur about the fo lIo . II I} an offer a requ irement n groups . All aUf accommodation is within a 20_minute walK from the scnool. you will ask for' f paIrs . V~~ . ex<lm preparation for the A first-class school.all the ~~:~~i~~~t~::~ise ?a..} .. . 1 k covers..S . b Check your answ ers w Ith the Gram on page 130 .On Welcome to ..nd .1 e ow . school to then pu i lli . language schOol Join one of the most popular schoolS in Boston. I~"he" ~~~HTIod"I. servicing the educational needs of over 12. and En~'ISh for AcademiC puf?0S8S' leache tS lively.. 5 6 d Read expen ence you } s to learn y r cu ture yo ur sentenc they agree with yo~~ ~~:~:other pair and see if m" \~ w~lte cOllditioll~ sCh~tenccs .. vertlsement th:~swere~ I~ Ie .. courses PiC from our wide range of cOurses including K for Business. g' '" yom 1i.heck .I. Accommodation Choose the type of accommodatiOn that suits you beSt.I . Write a lave II .1Il 'scho~~erything r . dynamiC lessons with native-speaKer teacners. then join 8'1~is\"l us at Woodlandl f or fUrther informatiOn.l lh.5.~ e gomg to wri ask your un Ie an e-mail \ the order questions. -:-_ _ __ _ " C iOn they serve ~ook a l the condif advice 4 Writing skill s a Imagine that you arc ." a ang uage s h I urancc 3 BC . Make a lisl of language you requYr:nf U. yom longuose '. p un/h. " '" om"r " raft e-maiL mahon into para f a IOn and e When you} g phs. M k 00 at you ]" a promise a suggestion a warning d You af doaes~~1 ~~:~v~~. b Rd' rom a ea . Match JO na! sentence . \. the.. A ". an( pass th e (Irart back. organize d e mfo.

mmenl IS doing nothing 4 ~hy will unemployment gel worse? e economy will continue to dete~ior~1 c I . pt on page 148. .lfuture perrect} O.However.W of the population by 2035. heart disease. . compare your answers. . As long as you arc a will have heen de\'c1opcd that will ameliorate citizen and 35 years or older you are eligible.-doped . ~~~I~~n~a~~\et t hmcalth po~u lalion growth fa Ie vacatIOns a L'Isten and answer these questions 1 Wh o is the speaker? a politician fa ' 2 Who is he talking to? th r the People PI 3 I I ' evoters . discuss what predictions fo th you can make about the next 30 2 Listening skills year~ follow~ng~ work ." d.\'croge human being will have gained 2. most. 1 Whi. ergy IS tuo dangerous fossil f I arc runmng oul . g Unlf12 Looking ahead . some of the results arc so P • AIDS: In only a fcw years. w. .r obably h3\'C found a cure for baldness by 2020. il will ha\'c becom!:lful purfed} passive) possible for a clone to run for president of the USA-The U. people have tried to predict the future.51cilos. the AIDS will be claiming a million liycs a harrowing that they make yOU wanllO stay in bed and hide under the covers. b Compare your prodict ions with other pc I A you a pessimist or an optim ist? op e. new drugs haYc a clone clausc. r 01/ ' Future fact or future fantasy? ~idcmic Since time immemorial.AIDS will be by far doom and gloom.. cancers and maybe even cure (fllturcJJI~rfl!c:t ~ some of them. n pairs.el) fighting over purking spacc will haYe beCOme a serious source of social conflict by 2020. .~=::sti~~t~e". 2100. By the year 2025. . .an d b aven't' look d ue S we renewable sources e at I hole the ido(/ of clonin but l' scientists will bu obi> I g I m pretty sure thai within the next deca~e~ c one a human being ~ b Listen agail I an d Mlswor these (IUesf 1 Wh 'I IOns. e. ' p .l!u'u.3 . P • Diet: Despite the advice of medical experts who consrandy point out that obd.rfcc _ ' ''ha d. turn to the audioscri Underline all the . (future perfect) GLOSSARY harrowing extreme Iy WOrrylDg or upseuin ' ameliorate mab batlB . scientifiC research is increasingly able to paint (future progressive} an accurate picture of how things will be in the not-too-distant future. Not surprisingly. the \\'Orld's population will havc IYaehed 10 billion. Constirution doc'Sn't O. Ie t'IOns are most important for prod' umamly 11\ general and why? 4 ~o~:~~~~~ the most terrifying predictions 2 Why will faccmasks be more there will be more 3 gave will pollution be worse? be cause th e Why ' ..~r=!~d ... O • Space: wC W end of the centurY.S.\ c th '0 25% countries. Cancer: Within th e next 25ycarS. (future pl)rfect) p • Worlc Un<mploym. ISCllSS theso questions. Baldness: Scientists at Cornell Univcrsil)' cxperimenting with a gene cal1ed SHl-l will Q.m Will hoY' o.-r.Which future? 1 Speaking skills a In pairs. pesslmlslic points and th' k r an optJmlsllc counter-argument ~or cae h pom! a I. Have a look at these the major killer in many African and Asian snapshots of furore lifc and iudge fN yourself. and high blood pressure. '~ e In groll d' e sarno.." U I becaus~ p~~~:~n? nemp oyment? New' b the time in the ~ervicj~n~~:}::s~. b. . vacations People will be 15 to space plO' Cloning: l3y 2035. BUl it's not a\l year.. Porltin. (ftill lre pr.. (future lwrfecl) ure O . s Ie a pessimist or an optimist? a pessimist y WI I fuel be n major problem? b nuduar en ' .. if not all. ps.. Vacations: \vithin the ncxtL'lking 20 years. with varying degrees of accuracy." I". ecause .)k I d In prurs . . Are thO)' th .' In "".oe"". 2025 IDeo.il)' can lead to diabetes.. ro c Now read the art icle below bo the a (OPlimisti:l p~iclions o~t. 0 cr planets by the \'e \oun he on (fulure progrcssh'c) P • Population: B.ch p fCCrIctlOns do you think w'll b reahty and why? ocome 2 Which predictions might affect yo personally? U 3 h Which .

and tidal power. but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the heolth of our people? And thars not all. End this part of the lesson by asking students to discuss the questions in Exercise 1e in groups of four or five. tf pollution continues to increase. I think mos/large animals will become extinct. much of our food will soon be genetically modified. Already gridlock is a common. for more shy students. that parking will have become a major prablem. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to burn fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now.full. Suggestions: In1roduce the topic I think Chino will become the richesl and most powerful country in the world. our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels. I'm talking about your world! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic. The economy will conlinue to deteriorate and. we will have run out of them within 0 couple of generations. Let students check their answers in pairs. Ask students to listen and answer the questions.. and the way things are going. sadly. Irs not all depressing news. very dark. you may invite them to post their speeches on the wall for other students to read. Ask students to read the article .. II may look like the answer in the short term. Ask two or three confiden t students to present their speech to the closs. Afterwards . Ask students to work in pairs to underline the pessimistic points of the speech in the audioscript on page 148 and think up and write optimistic counter-arguments. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Focemasks facemosks will have become common in towns and cities. Play the audio again. a world where every living person wears a face mask. our future looks dark. Ask students how they think these things will be different in the future. ask one student from each group to summarize what the group said. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. butthafs not the norm. acid rain. renewable energy sources like solar. your town. as a result.. I think we will be mining and building factories in ouler space. So on Thursday. Public and private parking lotsfull! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. You may wish 10 check the following expressions: since lime immemorial = dating bock to a point long ago in time • Vocabulary Irs not all doom and gloom". But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie. Ask students to prepore on -optimistic· political speech in opposition to the speech of the politician on the recording. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. ladies and genllemon. so much traffic. snapshots 101 future life) = brief but reveoling pictures/images/insights 2 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise 2a . Looking ahead T 126 Unit12 . Alternatively. 1 Speaking skills Ask students to work in pairs to discuss their predictions in Exercise la . Imagine in ten years. T.a vote for the People Party. perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy . vote for us. our towns and citieS will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. wind. your city. Then put them in groups to share their ideas.Objectives Grammar Topic: life in the future Pronunciation echo questions Reading a newspaper article listening a politician's speech Speaking making and discussing predictions fulure progressive and future perfect Write three or four of your own predictions for the future on the board. ~ ~ ~ Additional activity So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this. I'm talking about your street. You see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemosk today. my friends! Just imagine. everyday problem. We need to look at clean. and then check in pairs. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lock of clear policy on genetically modified food. Ask students to listen and answer the questions in Exercise 2b. But what is the present government doing? In a word. Ask students jf they agree or disagree with them.. mark the predictions. . Parking places on the street . it will rain ACID .. and say who in their group is optimistic and pessimistic. Imagine . vote for. We'll be living in a world where when it rains. There will simply not be enough space to park your cor.

and listen to this: By 2030. To soy these e<:ho questions corre<:lIy. AHow two or three minutes for students to think ofthings to say for Exercise 5b. guide @ •• 5 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to put the lime expressions in Exercise 5a in the chart. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lilies a year? Peter Yes. People will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods! Ca rol Will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods? ~' - By 2100. they should not be too tricky. play the audio again. The future progressive (will + be+ present participle] and the fu ture perfect I will + have + past participlel both have complex forms. the world·s population wHi halle reached 10 billion: Carol Will have reached 10 billion? Peter Yes. 1 Peter This is horrific. streets will disappear in cities. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! A million? Oaiming a million lives a year? Will be claiming a million lives a year? Unit 12 T 127 Looking ahead . T hen replay and pause the recording afte r each stateme n t. students need to star! with their intonation high (and disbelieving!). She doesn't believe it.. the water level will have risen by 50 centimeters! Carol Will have risen by 50 centimeters? 5 Peter Can this be true? It says. and let students shout out an echo question. Ask stud ents to listen and respond. However. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lives a year? 2 Peter I don't believe this! It says within 50 years.ck prononciation 4 Pronunciation: echo questions Play the audio for Exercise 4a. 6l~--------------------------------. Point out the form of the two lenses. isn't it. Ht . listen to this: -In a few years.it is an echo question . within two generations the average life span of a person will have increased by 20 years! Carol Will have increased by 20 years? 6 Peter And listen to this one: Within 50 years. If students don't d o this very well the lirst lime. For Exercise 4b. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! Carol is sW"prised. 10 billion! Peter This is horrific. When they are ready. the world's population will halle reached 10 billion! 10 billion? Have reached 10 billion? Will have reached 10 billion? In a fll'N years. perlect 3 Grammar: future progressive and future perfect Have students check answers to Exercise 3a in pairs.~------------. terrible. which. Use Exercise 3b to check that students can recognize the form. Usten to this: -In a few years. Then play each statement. Discuss the questions as a class. here. pause. Ask students to complete the article in Exercise 3e. \o:. Let them check answers in pairs. Let students listen to the audio o nce. expresses sW"prise. The main problem is that students lend 10 oyoid using them. Peter 11 says here: -By 2100. fall a little. since mony languages hove comparable forms and uses. ask them to take turns making predictions. In 2030. Do Exercise 3d as a brief class discussion. paying aUention to the intonation patterns they hear. Ask two or three individuals to repeat. Do the first statemen t as a class to get students started.1> @ Qu. Have students repeat in unison. 50% of the world's workforce will be working from home! Carol Will be working from home? 4 Peter This is incredible. Common errors Overusing simple present instead of more complex future forms. the world's populalion will have reached 10 billion. By 2030. lIn a few years. Answers: The predictions: By 2100. and rise again 01 the end. the blue whole will have died ouI! Carol Will have died aut? 3 Peter Oh. then leI it rise. She isn't asking a question . ffi Quick grammar guide: future progressive and futu". particularly in controlled silualions. Play the audio for Exercise 4c. opting for simpler forms.t . I M in Q beautiful house. Play the audio for Exercise 4d. play the recording again . Ask students to listen and answer the question.

carcinogens 8 will have di sappeared (disappear) from food produced in this way. ~ b Listen agai n. Many people. clai ming a million lives a year. the world's population will have question? reached 10 billion. looking ahead Uni! 12 . III fact. @ d Now listen to six things Peter says and respond with an echo question. Those who have to go out to work 3 will he using (use) clean hydrogen-powered transportatio n that will produce little or no pollution. (work) from 2 will be working home. which will produce hydrogen to be used on days when there is no sunshine. We 5 will be geUing (get) some energy from windmills but much of it will be generated in our own homes by rooftop solar panels. I wjll /Jove graduated. make some crazy predictions about some of these aspects of the future. e In pairs. Most homes 6 will have a lso installed (also install) a basem ent fuel unit. What is Carol's reaction to tile predictions? Is Carol reaUy asking Peter a 1 By 21 00. This tense is used for activities that will be in progress at a particular time in the future.3 Grammar: future progressive and fu ture perfect 4 Pronunciation : echo questions ~ a Listen to Peter and Carol discussing an article about the future. many people 7 will be G rowing (grow) food in their backyards or buying it from nearby organic far ms. many of us 1 will he living (live) in neighborhoods where the air is clean and where places to wo rk. I'll be working ill my father's company. the A IDS epidemic will be ~ c Listen and repeat what Carol says. In only a few years. What are the two predictions? a Match these predictions from the article with the descriptions that follow. comp leted before a definite time or event in the future. Look at the time expressions commonly used with these tenses and add them to the chart below. play. fo r personal predictions. computers entertainment money the world water food b Read through the predictions in the text in Exercise t again. d Which areas of the article do you agree with? Which areas do you disagree with? Which view of the future do you feel is more realistic: the view stated in the listening or the one in the text above? by tilen within a month before December within a generation this time next week before the government changes by next June by next summer by 2010 Near future by Saturday this time tomorrow next month Distant futu re in 20 years wilhin the next 20 years wiLhin a generation by then within a month before December this time nexl week by 2010 by then before the government changes before the government changes by next June hy next summer h In pairs. education work population the economy traffic potlution travel By 2010. With in the nex t two years. Use these topics. People 4 will he returning (return) to riding bicycles because of the increased awareness of the effects of pollution and the importance of regular exercise. make predictions about your personal fu ture and the fu ture of your country. c An optimistic future By the year 2025. Which are in the fu ture perfec t 5 Speaking skills and which are in the fu ture progressive? 11 We can use the future perfect and future c Complete the fo llowing article about the fu ture. and respond to each b Th is tense is used for activities that will be other with echo questions. progressive for prodictions in the near future and Use the future perfect or the future progressive. In order to avoid chemicals. Since these far ms will employ natural forms of pest control. and do our shopping will be close at hand.

Grammar. Unil12 looking ohead . Each pair oftoams has a Quizmaster whoso job it is to read tile questions to each learn and to keep scoro. they tell the team secretary. the team is penalized and has to move back one space. The only cxC{)ption to the correct answer . Words. Sports. and Entertainment. backward or staying where you are. This type of card is unpredictable and may result in you moving forward. It is also the job oftho Quizmaster to control the two teams the same as a referee does in a soccer game. Science. There can be 8S many pairs of teams as needed.one space forward· rule is when you land on the "wild card". If another member of the team says their answer before the secretary. Only the secretary can give the answer. People. You move forward one space at a time by correctly answering questions on seven different topics. The team can discuss the question together and when they decide on the answer they wish to give. The Quizmaster is not pari of a learn.f h game This is a team game and the aim is to be the first team to cross the finish line. General knowledge. The questions are given to the team by the referee or "Quizmaster". The game is played in two teams of three or four players.

Read through the task first to make sure you really understand it. 2. You should have four grou ps of four. a good way to start is to give every student a number by counting and pointing at students like this: 1. Tell students to read the rules of the game carefully. and tell groups 3 and 4 to sit facing around a board on the right-hand side. Work out in advance how you are going to organize the classroom. 2. answering any questions they may have. For example. if you have 18 students.4. 3. lookingoheod T 128 Unit 12 . 5. Tell them to join the teams.) Set a time limit for the quiz. 1. The secret of success is to manage the activity carefully. Once they have tossed a coin to decide which teams starts.one person who will write down the group's answer for each question. they have to start asking questions. and one of two students.3. (These should have been photocopied and cut out in advance. and walk around the class as students play. Go over any questions about the rules before getting started. give the quizmasters the quiz cards. 3.Objectives Grammar Topic: end-ol-year quiz Reading instructions language and conlent U5tening a quiz Speaking an end-af-year quiz of Student's Book The aim of this activity is to provide a fun. 5. 3. 4. 2. Tell them that they are going to take a quiz and that they have to choose a secretary . 1. 4. light-hearted way of practicing spoken English. 4. and reviewing some language al the end of the course. You can find the quiz cards on page 1'129. 1. Finally. and be sure you prepare enough photocopies of the quiz cards for your students in advance of the game.2. Tell students to form groups. Tell groups 1 and 2 to sit facing each other around one of the quiz boards on the left·hand side of the class.

[ got up early in order to catch the bus. each. which in turn will cause infectiolls diseases to spread. (ANSWER: in a)..) Is thIS true or false J A noun d. (ANSWER: St udy ing is the only way to pass tlle exam. strokes. SA de C.thirds or. tae kwon do. thoy are unha ppy. Judo.. be some benefits. ) 10 Which sport did Sebastian Cae excel In? (ANSWER: distance runlllng) More Quiz cards ore on on page T260 !II Unil1 2 T 129 l ookingaheod _bIe C E<iIori(JI Moo:miIon de ~o. they lifO unhappy. but the sentences have to be "predictions" and they also have to make sense!) Science What is the everyday term for the chemical formula CO/ (ANSWER: carbon dioxide) 2 What does 'GM' stand for In "GM foods "? (ANSWER: Genetically Modified) 3 What percentage of our body weight is water? (ANSWER: 60%) 4 What am I describing: A substance that a doctor prescribes to cure people of an illness. The only way to pass the exam is to study. (ANSWER: Japan) 6 What does IQ stand for? (ANSWER: Inte lligence Quotient) 7 Name one International e<oIoglcal organization? (ANSWER: Greenpeace. They have to be logical. (a) few. (ANSWER: Tho nowscaster said (that) the werld's population would grow to eight billion by 2020. the high jump. Moderate warming will fa. half (01). II"s the first conditional. (ANSWER: heart disease. either. the discus. Sea levels will rise in some constal areas. (ANS WER: They are rich. distance running) 7 INhat is the modern in ternatIOnal sportll1g competitIOn In which people of all nationalities compete in varIOUS sports? (ANSWER: Olympic Games) 8 In which sport do pjayers "slam dunk"? (ANSWER: basketball) 9 Can you give me the first and se<:ond most popular spectator sports in the U. (ANSWER: the long jump. (ANSWER: The Greenhouso Effect) 6 What is the name of the unit used for measuring temperature? (ANSWER: a degree) 7 Can you give me the chemical formula for watef? (ANSWER: HP) 8 What IS the name lor the complete set of genes in a living thll"lg? (ANSWER: The genome) 9 Name at ledst three of the possible efferu of dirnate change. I got up early to catch the bus. II quarter f two. (ANSWER: both. sprinting. no. (ANSWER: Indial 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 (ANSWER: [ got up early so as to catch the bus. and cancer) 10 Name the country that has a population of about 1 billion people. Friends of the Earth) 8 Wha t is the world's population? (ANSWER: six billion) 9 Can you give me the names of three of the biggest ki llers in the deveklped world? For example. vinlses like influenza ami AIDS. Begin it by using II form of the verb study.) Name five different quantifier. T hey are unhappy although/even though \hey are rich. man). 1"11 buy a cell phone. b) If I got the job. Alt ho ugh/Though/Evon tho llgh thoy oro rich. water resources will increase or decrease: there will be more floods IlIld drough t. General knowledge Where did Ca~ra come from originally? (ANSWER: Africa) 2 Which insect can Jump 100 centimeters? (ANSWER: a flea) 3 Who wrote A Hundred Years of Solitude? (ANSWER: Gabriel Garcia Marquez) 4 Which (feature can lift 50 times its own weight? (ANSWER: an ant) 5 Name the country in Asia which consists of four large islands. severn!. (ANSWER: Climate change will forte some species of birds to migrate.:Iuse can be the subject or the object of II senterx:e.) 5 What is the name of the international sports comp!?tition wtlere teams from around the world compete for the title of the best soccer team? (ANSWER: World Cup) 6 Name five trad and field spoIlS.Quiz cards Grammar Change the word but in this sentence Wlthout changing the meaning of the sentence. There will. (a) li n Ie. Number 2 is baseball. the javelin. I'd buy a cell phone.S) (ANSWER: Number 1 is football. all (the). There will be heat WIiVes and Illore air pollution. (Ma ny possibilities here.) In wtlich of these two sentences is the event more likely to happen? a) If I get the job. use the future progresSIVe in one and the future perlect In the other.) Make two predictions about the future.. or an illegal substance that afferu people mentally or physically when they take it? (ANSWER: a dmg) 5 Name the process in wtlich heat is unable to escape from the atmosphere and causes the tempera ture of the eanh to nse. hardly any. Start : The newscaster. Make himlher a promISe. the hammer... (There are many possibilities here. every. J Change the word to in this sentence without changing the meaning of the sen tence. (ANSWER: true.V 2006 . for example. In the 17th century) 2 What is Muhammed Ali's daughter's name? (ANSWER: leila) 3 What does the INOfd karate mean? (ANSWER: empty hilnd) 4 Can you name three different martial arts? (ANSWER: karate. howc\'er. They are rich BUT unhappy. some. The woOd"s populatIOn will grow to eight billion by 2020. Possible answer: 1"1/ call you evory day if you IOTllllmo 10. however. many of whom are Hindus. nono of the . capoeira.) Imagine you heard this sentence on the news and you want to report It back to me. II lot of. however.) Rephrase this sentence.) Your boy/girlfriend is leaving to study in Canada for two months. l'YE'ry. II great/good deal of. hurdles.·or some fanners.) 10 HooN much of the earth's surface IS coYef!'d by water? (ANSWER: 70%) ' spons Where and when did karate start? (ANSWER: Japan. too. neithe r of the.

3 Move into your teams and select a team 4 A. they move forward. Qui l. you Y teams. toss a coin to see which team starts. Heads. The other team is nO'N asked a question. then check it to shaoN that it has been used. they stay where they are and wart until it is their turn again.The Rules of the Game 1 Decide how many pairs of teams will play. 6 7 8 9 10 secretary. If the team answers correctly. Cootinue until the game is finished . Heads. 2 Select one Quizmaster for ~ pair of USEFUL LANGUAGE . read a question from the categOl)'.JllastCr: . . Quizmasters. Your teacher will give you the questions. looking ahead . you \I'm. If the answer is incorrect. When you toSS a com. I Tails. they should 'MlI'k in their teams and WTlte some more questions to ask the opposite team. Quizmasters. sa heads or '011 5. . Quizmaster5. If the teams finish befOfe others in their class. join your teams. 5 The other team star1s. You slar!. yO ll lose.

failed In physiOtherapy by June.. Don'/ caRJlffllhis evening . but sometimes use modal verbs and imperatives in the main clause instead of Vt1II\'VOf'I't. \lVhile I'm in England. These are often based on the loon of the rll'St conditionaJ (see Unit 4). M ake any changes necessary.. be accepted to identity. you must provide proof of major in artIhiSlory be accepted to a cotlege or university do a degree in biochemistry/modern languages take a course in history Replace the words in italic with a word or phrase from the two lists above. is taking relake it Wail for me..we hB~ /19 eil8l. I 9 will have sl!lilll. I'H be lying on beach in Rio. Offers Contact me if you need clarification on any of these points.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Functions of conditionals Vocabulary Summary 1 Tests passltail a tesVexam get goodIbad lake/retake We often use conditionals to express functJons su:h as advice and promises. pass 2 Future progressive and future perfect Use We use the future progressNe to talk about a situation 01" an action thai will be in progress at a definite time in the Mure: 3 1 EA~ 19th'. gol 5 I expect to flAeM IH)' eefle§8 68tff68 in electronics next year.. scorestgrades be tested on a topic/subject a lesVexam review /0( a tesVexam 2 Further education lake a course - Suggestfons Why not travel by train if you want 10 enter a graduate program see more of /he countryside? Requirements If you want /0 open 8 bank account. ruture perfect: wllVwon'r + have + past participle They'll have demolished the building by the rime you arrive. Fo= future progressive: wilVwon'r + be + -ing verb We 'll be wsitlng at the end of the pia/form when your train arrives. This tllne tomorrow I 1 will he O). graduAte 6 1he exam M Next Sunday.ef~I!!l1>8I!!I sludied. Here are some convnon fooctions of !irs! condillOl"\als: Advice If you want /0 moot new people. (spend) a lot of money but r 10 will haVe seen (see) a lot of great shows. 15 will he slo)'j!l~ (stay) with them for a week and we 6 will II!: goine. Unil12 looking ahead . 12 wjll have arrjved (arrive) in London. be arguiflg about something Complete the paragraph with the future progressive or future perfect of the verbs in parentheses. I 4 will be sla)'illa (stay) WIth he( and her husband in the country. Promises /'11 be very careful If you Jet me use the car lomght. I can't help you.he'll be watching the bg game.' H+. I Ihink it's very diffICUlt 10 eH#eF Harvard. By two o'ckx:k. try joining dubs or a gym.jllJ... My sister 3 will be Wilj1jll~ (wait) for me. We oftefl use the tIme expressions in X weekslmonthslyears and within (Ihe next) X weel<slmonthslyears with the Mure progre5SlVe: People wiD be traveling in fuel efficient cars within the next ten years. The fdlowing wool< t 7 will be stayjng (stay) in a hotel in london. I hope. Julia will have completed her course 8 I liitlfl'f j8688 my driving test so now I have to 96 it ageiR. the a novel we hadn't was unfcur .r ill~ computing at COllege now. In two weeks /he politiCians win completely different.Is. (tIy1 to England. (go) for lOts of country walks. got good grades 4 She eel6:R88 excellent grades on the exam. By the end of my stay.. were tested on We use the future perlect to talk about a situation Of an actoo that win be completed by or befOff! a specific time in the future: 7 Harry 13 310d. so I'll take some pictures for you.~e/! on my last malh test. I 8 will he dQjna:. (do) a 101 of shoppng and going to shQv. 2 I don't think I will ever §e. I'H have finished the dishes in five minutes. . We often use the prepositions by and before with the future perfect 1'/1 have sent the report to you by/before Friday.<6~ ItIs English exam. Warnings If you don't tell me what the problem is.

/5 -' 2 3 4 Accuracy: how accurate is the grammar and vocabulary? Variety: how varied is the grammar and vocabulary? Organizatien: How clear is the text? Are ideas logically . I a In groups.fl Ln a wry !A-mp'. too..ed aJ.TV t 2 ~ake a list of differences between writing a timed essay and .one witheut a time limit. or jusl right? Reader: Hew easy would it be for the reader te understand what the writer says? /5 /5 questions. looking ohead Unit 12 . Can you lind it? 1 Read the question very carefully. Look at these seven recommended steps. ~ 0:::: ::) Section 3: Writing You have 60 minutes to complete this section. is it too formal."/UOlt on. 6 Allow time te proofread your final essay. b Look at the answer more carefully.e to w an op. 3 Will you ever have to write a timed essay in English in the future? If yes.. I i:eLeYl/nq tius and -me fdvre j trof. Write your article for the International TV magazine (150-1S0 words). good Eng. There is one mistake in the order. o >o u.t ~US':' . 7 Write your essay again. ! . as well. "J l . Having a structure for approaching writing is crucial._"locc="'lL'::~_ _1 """"c'. a. good time management IS essential. discuss these questiens.lish. Criteria 1 Content: hew fully did the candidate answer the question? Score for this work Question 1 Imagine you have just seen the following advertisement for an international TV magazine.s a 2 Make notes that answer the question. too infermal. That is true but yeu need test-taking strategies.k ~ ''fi a>Ui ' usually bqp >VK1y fad /axi5. 4 Write a draft using complete sentences.one year! Total score for Question 1 Scoring system 5 "" ex. Write your final answer neatly in the test booklet.huns e:ve:ry#u:1/.cellent 4 := very good 1 = poor 0 := ve ry poor 3 == good 2 '" borderline /5 130 2 Examining a sample answer a Read this lest-laker's answer. when? b Many people think that passing an English test only requires. which are underlined. 1 Have yeu ever written a timed essay in yeur language or in English? q:. {/a-nue b!:. Successful entrants will receive a free subscription to the magazine fer . impreve the student's answer by correcting the mistakes. You may make notes and write drafts on the paper provided. How easy would it be for you to answer this question? ~<J<I REVIEW ReVj~w your action ptan: working with vocabulary - t~ I~ pairs. Talk about any new techniques you have tried. Use the examiners' criteria and the scoring system tc give the student's work a final score. 3 Organize your notes into paragraphs. tk . !la-nue OUWY5 shylY. As tests are timed. ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: werking w ith vocabulary Put yeur strategies into action! Write your answer te the exam question in Exercise 1.e "¥.C) z - The writing part of an exam 1 Looking at an exam question Read this exam question. I ek at the new vocabulary entries you have made c Since Unit 11.-_~"''tt-"t""".a. 4 Having a strategy j wrJ. Has the question been completely answered? Do you think this would pass or fall? Why? 3 Editing the sample In pairs. til£.J o Q.J > u.e. The best three will be published in January's edition of International TV magazine. _1J1q.organized and does the w riting flow smoothly? /5 /5 InlemalionallV magazine • What is your favorite show on TV? • Why do you like it? We are looking for short artictes answering these 5 6 Style: Hew appropriate is the style for the context? I. I he I-. 5 Revise your first draft.

The Water I~~el has been [lsmg in coastal areas and if . 1 Give me a call e 2 If you lend me five dollars. a . 3 A Why are there so few students at school today? B There was so much snow. 4 . please. you have 10 be at least 12 years old. the increase in rain. (thing) Tbe weather is tbe tbinl that 1 like most about Greece c Choose the correct answer. H owever' One farmer told us that h~ e ects of climate change. I'll pay you back tomorrow. ruverslty of Maryland climate change 4 e action SOOn. c 5 Try linding a cheaper apartment a a b c d e if you want to save money. right? b Complete the second sentence so that it mea ns tbe same as the firs t one. to be precise. . or d to fill in the blanks in the article on the right. (ought) The government requires that more money ought to be spent on p ublic health care 3 "I have no idea who the murderer is.a Fill in the blanks using an appropriate expression of quantity. b 4 If you want to joi n the swimming club. two answers may be possible. the effects of long-term effect Could be accelerate and the Professor Greenmore sa~atastro~hic. everyone all both hardly any a little a few several two thirds half 1 A OK. 5 II's the weather I like most ahout Greece. b. In some cases. she'll be angry. 2 A Do you usc any salt in your cooking? B JUSI enough to give the food a little more flavor. IS crops had benefited from Experts predict that b temperatures 3 end of the cenrury P . Use the words in pa rentheses. sir. ' ~fessor Greenmore of the U· . (claim) She claimed to havelthat she had no idea who the murderer was . Yes. c.'I'm thinking about what you said." she sa id. which ofthese shirts would you like? B I need more shirts so I'll take bothlalVeyetJ one of them. said that if we didn't tak . hadn't been invenrcd Slog ~at If r. 4 A Is all ofthe equipment in the computer room new? B No.he automobile heard of. B And the other two Ibirds are equally divided between your brother and sister. bul most of it is. (told) She told me that sbe was thinking about what lsaid ." she said.y 2. Furthermore. over 90% of it is new.5 degrees. 5 A When my mom died she len me 33. The effects of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 1 WOrse and worse and if nothing is done they will COntinu: to have a damaging effect ~n the quality of life. J a warmmg 5 _ _ __ b . 2 It is a requirement of the government to spend more money on public health care. Whole cities 2 action IS not taken opinion is dividcd~n th ffithreatened. if you need my help. th at hardly any of the students came. 1 a gOI b were gettin. 1 You have to wear a he lmet at all times on the building site (worn) A helmet must be worn at all times on the building site. c get @)lave been getting 2 a might have been (JYwill be c have d have been 3 a are increasing @ vi\l have increased c will be increasing d increase 4 a would have b may @ vould d will 5 a will never be b had never been beard @ vould never have hoon d won't be Global warming or global warning'f d Match the two halves to make complete and logical sentences .33% of the property. d 3 If you take that without asking her.t.

. 1 A pesticide is chemi cal used to kill insects.he complete set of genes in a living thing.6 be taken seriously by environmcntal /C 8) orga nizHtions. Many I)f'scien1ists argue that GM food should be 3) adopted as th e onl y so lution to the problem of feeding the world. Diane Case has this . 4 Crops aro a food for nnimal s. . I have watched enough TV ror today..e Choose the best hmse from the list below to complete the sentences. g Think ortwo words that are ofte n used with the following containers. c th e history of a fami ly. 5 A flood is a a period of exlreme dryness. 4 A bottle of: _ _ ... we will be Jjying in our new house. Complete the text with a word or words from the box. ! failed my final high schoo l exams. this question is for you. II 's a goal! What a goall The goalkeeper didn 't stand a chance. Not all the words are used. 4) whOSE) population has been \1I«f increasing at alarming rates. moves past Wilson and shoots. OK . When did . (find) future perfect 4 I dou' t w. I spent all summer 3 reviewing for the exams while my friends were out having fun. c something you feed animals.year 4 . c m eat and vegetables. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which s hould not be there.degreeJn chemistry and after that 15 djd a Master's and specialized in petroch emicals. But yo u can 't leave me.lI1 t lo watch the midnight movie. ___ ' ___ . If we do not accept GM foods. Check (v) the correct lines and cross ()O those where there is an extra word. ~} large amount of water that suddenly covers an area. G!\'I Foods: a possibl e solution? 1) Genetically modified food has become a conlroversial subject 21 in recent yea rs. C. If 7) The oplion of GM food should . c a substance that makes plants grow.. Use the verb in parentheses. _ __ 3 A jar of. _ K5) Scientists predict that it will have ~ doubled by Ihe end of the 6) 2'lst century. 11) pesticides could become a thing of the past. so I'm goi ng to bcd. thell they must ~ consider the fact that GM foods are resistant e 10) to insects and if we J}JIe" change 10 GM foods in twenty years. 2 The genome is a someone who is very intelligenl.® mmething placed in a person. Environmental organizutions 12) say that GM foods should not jd' be imposed un til we know mo re about the dangers.getting into college. did getting into pass good grade fa il a test degree in retake reviewing for I had a hard time 1 . b a medicine given to animals.. (live) future p rogressive 3 In ten years.<!!»lants that are grown for food. Our repo rtor. _ _ ' _ _ _ 2 A can of: . If they are reall y opposed to the use of pesticides in 9) fa rming. (watch) present per fect 5 1'111 exhallsted. scientists will have found life on Mars. (finish) future perfect 2 This time noxt year. I have_been working all day non-stop. Janssen passes the ba ll but Makelele intercepts. ® Which kind orTV show do these lines come from? Choose from the list orTV shows in the box. sports show 5 Host: And when did you know yo u wanled to be an aclress? talk show Actress: Since I was about six .. famine wil! increase. I did a four. we will have finished the house. tal k show current affairs documentary dra ma movie music program q u iz show reality TV s itcom soap opera s ports show the news va riety show 1 2 3 4 Harry. I've been working with a petrochemical company ever s ince then. Team B. future perfect future progressive present perfect present perfect progressiv~ 1 By March. or plant..1roline! I love you! And whal about the ch ildren? soap opera Both teams now have 12 points. quiz show News has just come in abou t the conti n uing civil war in Zalibad . _ _ 5 A carton of: ___ . so Illfld to 2 retake them. :J An implant is a something YO ll pu l in the ground . I used to sing and da nce fo r guests w hen they . animnl.. ___ _ h Choose the best definition of the following words. b water used to make plants grow.1. But I passed them and tlnally entered the uni versity that fall . (work) present perfect progressive f Read the text below and look carefully at each line. 1 A bagof. (li). the news A long pass .

------"Everything has its beauty . 2 Listening for gist ~ Read the questions and then listen to the song.. Which is the most appropriate answer to these questions? 1 Where is the beauty the singer describes in the song? Q nside ourselves b in the world around us c nowbere to he found . Here are a famous American person and place which many people consider to be beautiful. J) but not everyone sees U Confucius 1 Getting started a Work in groups..Beautiful by Christina Aguilera . Do you think they 're beautiful? Why / Why not? b Choose three people or places from your country and tell your group why you think they are the most beautiful..1' 2 What kinds of problems does the song refer to? a global b fam ilyGPersonal 3 What is the overall tone of the song? @ ptimistic b neutral c pessimistic Song 1 Beautiful .

oh .. So 6 don't vou bring me down today To all your friends. How much do you agree with this? Can you think of any occasions when words havo hurt you or someone you know? .. discuss these questions... b In groups. Trying hard to fill the 8 emptiness . 'Cause you are beautiful 10 in every s ingle way Yes. breathe shine 'Cause we are beautiful 13 no mailer what they say Yes. oh. words can't bring me down. and six arc repealed. left the puzzle undone. five... no. oh no. I am beautiful 4 no mailer wh at they say Words can't bring me down . no. the piece is gone. words can't bring you down. Instruments Beautiful . to be consumed in all your doom to feel thaI your situation is so terrible thai you can only feel negative about everything. it's hard to 2 Now and then I get 3 insecure from all the pain. no matter what we say. I'm so ashamed.. what is it you like? lfnot. to be delirious 10 think or talk in a confused way because you are menIally or p hysically ill. words won'l bring us down. 1 What is the song ahout? Z Why does the subject pronoun change from ''I'' in the first verse and chorus to "you" in the second verse and chorus and then to "we" in the iast verse and chorus? GLOSSARY wonhIlyria sI"_'' ""'" 4 Finishing off Discuss those questions. Beautiful Don't look at me Every day is so 1 wonderful then suddenly.. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And evel)"'Nhere we go the sun will always 12 But tomorrow will find a way on the other side. So 11 d on'l yoy bring me down today No matter what we do. Z There is an expression in English: Slicks and stones con breok your bones but words can never hurt YOII. We are beautiful 14 no mailer what they sa y Yes. Nole that the expressions in numoors four. I am beautiful 5 in every single way Yes. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. oh. no.3 Listening for deta il ~ a Lislen and complete the song lyrics. Is that the way it is? You are beautiful 9 no mailer what they say Words can't bring you down. what don't you like about it? Use the ideas on the right to help you. to bring someone down to depress someone. So 15 don 't you brillg me clown today . you're 7 delirious So consumed in all your doom. words can't bring us down.

But one thing that is constant throughout is their friendship.I .. The other characters have jobs ranging from massage therapist to soap opera actor. In fact.. two oflhe friends have a 4 fight and 5 fall out but before long. Monica and Chandler.. is a chef. Ask and answer the other questions if you want to. Ross and Rachel. while her brother. Each one of them knows that if they are down. Read the questions and pick four that you'd like to talk about. get married. for instance. either in their careers or private lives. settle figh t fall bang there make downs common b Write down the names of two or three of your closest friends. two of the characters. You can use the words in the box below or your own ideas. 1 Do all your friends know each other or do you have separate groups of fri ends? 2 Are your friends male. 1 Getting started a Read this text about the American comedy series "Friends" and fill in the blanks.. Over the years.. female . Song2 111Be There ForYou \.I'll Be There For You by the Rembrandts Fr iends "Friends" is about a group of six young New Yorkers who share apartments and 1 hang out in the same toffee shop_ They don't seem to have very much in 2 common . you know they're going to 6 make up and become friends again. Think about what you can say about the friends you've chosen. there wi ll always be someone 8 tbere for them.. have a baby together. their relationships have their ups and 3 downs • From time to time. is a paleontologist. talk about the questions you chose. II looks as if Joey and Phoebe will never rea lly 7 settle down. while two others. Monica. Ross.. or both? 3 Do you have a different relationship with your male and fema le fri ends? 4 How did you meet them? 5 What do you have in common with your friends? 6 Where do you usually hang out? 7 Have you ever really fallen out with any of your fri ends? 8 What kinds of things have you had fi ghts about? 9 How did you manage to make up with them? 10 Have you ever dated any of your fri ends? c In pairs.

But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your 9 Chorus No one could ever 10 _--"~o w kn ~. Yeah! It's like you're always stuck in second gear. 1 Do you like the song? if yes. F I'm an easy person to undersland . And it hasn 't been your day. I'm best with you. no one could ever see me. your month. J 2 You do n 't like you r job. F 3 Listening for detail ~ Read the words of the song and then listen and fill in the blanks.:-_ me. what don't you like about it? Usc the ideas on the right to help you.. make it through all the rest with Someone to face the 11 Someone I'll always 12 laugh with. T 3 This was a great year for you. yo u could say you're stuck in second gear.D. Your job's a joke. how m uch of it di d yo u un derstand before? images central message music instruments . but . or even your year.. day with. but . In other words.~ T hese sentences about the song are in the right order.2 Listening for gist '-. Even at my worst. Listen and put ur" next to the true sentences and "F" next to the false sentences. knees Chorus singer's voice 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. your love life is a disaster! stuck in secon d gear This is 8 driving metaphor. I' ll be there for you pour When the rain starts to 4 I'll be there for you like I've been there 5 before I'll be there for you 'Cause you're there for me 6 too You're still in bed at ten and work began at 7 eight You've burned your breakfast so far. T 5 6 7 8 I know you' re my friend.. what is it you like? lf llot. T You're lale for work.. but some of them are not true. Seems you' re the only one who knows w hat it's like to be me. you're 2 broke your love life's D. F 4 I'll always be your friend. T Everything's fine today. your ffiDflth.. I'll Be There For You So no one told you 1 life was gonna be this way... 1 Everyone told you life wou ld be like this.. . things are going great... Your 8 mother warned you there'd be days like these. The first two have been do ne fo r you as examples.A.. stands for 'dead on arrival' . or even your year. 2 Have you heard it before? If so. II's like you're always 3 stuck in second gear. your week. your week. And it hasn't been your day. You can only go very slowly in second gear! So if your life seems to be going nowhere. Song 2 .

-€D him~ CE!9'her hi ~ 5ong3 Cry Me A River .-___ a so can'. you could say: I bet my brother's going to marry his girlfrie nd. c Now check your answers by matching the expressions in bold with the correct meaning below. by arriving late for the interview. use the same expressions to describe a relationship. For example. working because b Guess the meaning of the words in bold from the context. 6 Can you find out why the Intern~ f it meant everything to me. 1 Whose plans were destroyed? 2 Who fo und out about them? 3 Who burned their bridges? 4 Who wasted their opportunity? 5 Who cried a river before? 6 Who's going to cry a river now? h is~ 9 / hcr him. "'-' it's a mystery to me. 1 He really burned his br idges when he left the company when he .Cry Me A River by Justin TImberlake 1 Getting started a Match the firs t and second halves of thase sentences. in fact I'm sure of it because 5 My whole world came crashing e down when I lost my job · ~ told his colleagues exactly what he thought ofth em. I saw them looking at rings in a jewelry store. a to get information 6 b to seem as if it has been destroyed 5 c to waste an opportunity 2 d to be sure of something 4 e to be driven crazy by something/someone 3 f to make sure there is D O chance of going back 1 d In the sentences above. isn'. Now. with your parlner. Listen and circle the correct answer for each of the questions below. 4 J bet he's going to give the job to d And rea. we go back to the old one? she's always been his favorite ! 2 She's really blown her chance of b th e job 3 This new computer program is c rea lly messing with my head./ 2 Listening for gist ~ You're going to listen to a song in which a guy tells a girl about their relationship.. the context is work. '-.

Cry me a river. for you and me. But I bet you didn't think the thing would come crashing down. Then listen and check. You told me you loved me. what is it you like? If not. al l 4 alone 7 Now you tell me you need me when you call me on the phone. yeah yeah 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. don't let that be. Now there's Just no chance. I 5 refu se : you must have me confused w ith some other guy. 50 you took a chance. then you may not have blown it. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. Cry me a river. don't let that be. Cry me a river Go on and just cry me a river 'Cause I've already cried Cry me a river yeah yeah Ain't gonna cry no more. Girl. 13 already know. no. Your bridges are burned and now it's your 6 turn to cry. You don't have to say what you did. Cry me a river. leaving sad other refuse earth a lready talked honesty alone turn Cry Me A River You were my sun. for you and me. (Don't act like you don't know it). musk: instruments Z Imagine that you wore one of the singer's closest friends. Why did you leave me. But it wasn't like you only 7 talked to him and you know it. I found out from him. Chorus (Oh) The damage is done so I guess I be 9 leaving You don't have to say what you did. You should've picked B honesty . I found out from him . Cry me a river. you made 2 other plans. Now there's just no chance. I already know. AU of the things people told me keep messing with my head . And don't it make you sad about it. no. you were my 1 earth But you didn't know all the ways I loved you.3 Listening for detai l ~ Complete the SOilS with the words in the box. what don 't you like about it? Use the idoas below to help you. Images central mess. What things could you say to him to mako him feel beller? . And don't it make you 10 sad about it. You know that they say some things are bener left unsaid.

r 4 A fr agment of a lost Shakespeare play has beon discovered in tho British library. how could " misreading" be a problem in a relationship? 2 Listening for gist ~ a Listen and put the pictures in the order you hoar them mentioned in the song. then write the number 1 next 10 that picture. 1 Sorry I'm late. d ©. need a map. For exam ple. b 2 Pi ease do not discard food containers Oil the beach. Before you listen to the song. a 5 Don'. read the sentences and then match the words with the correct definitions below. b The six highlighted words in the sentences below are all in the song. leI the sun go down on me"? 5ong4 Don'. how might they be connected with a song abou t a relationsh ip? For instance.I must have mis rea d the address. 6 We don'. if you hoar about a door being closed first. We're just goi ng to wander around tho city for a few hours. Thinking ahout the six words in exercise l b and the title. did YO ll learn anythi ng else about what the singer means by the phrase "Don'. e 3 Unfortunately. dry your now I-shirt in the sun . his broken leg look several months to hea l.the colors will fade. leI The SUn Go Down On Me . h Having listened to the song once. c a a small piece b read incorrectly c to walk without any direction or fixed purpose d become weaker or less bright e throw away f become we ll or whole again c The tit le of the song you are going to hear is "Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me".Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John 1 Gett ing started a This song was a big hit for Elton John and George MichaeL Toll your partner anything you know about these Iwo s ingers. I wenl to the wrong street .

The dorkest hour is just before the dawn. Hero are other expressions in English abou t "light" and "hope". Look on the hrisht side. Too late to save myself from 4 falling I took a chance and changed your way of life But you misread my 5 meaning when I met you Closed the door and left me blinded by the 6 light Don't let the sun go down on me 7 Although I search myself. words/tyrks images stnger's voke cent.3 Listening for detail ~ a Read tho words of tho song and then listen and fill ill the blanks. it's always someone else I see I'd just allow a fragment of your life to wander 8 free But 9 losing everything is like the sun going down on me. Where there's life. All my pictures seem to fade to black and white tired and time stands still before me I'm growing 2 Frozen here on the :3 ladder of my life. I can't find. c Do you have similar expressions in your language? Tell your partnor about a time whon you needed to use or hoar one of these expressions. b Find tho six words you made predictions about in Exercise t c. Don't let The Sun Go Down On Me I can't light no more of your 1 darkness . "Don't lot tho sun go down on me" cou ld mean "Don't tako away a ll hope". there's hope. There 's /iSht at the end of the tunnel. the right 10 romantic line But see me once and see the way I feel Don't discard me just because you think I mean you 11 But these cuts I have they need 12 love harm to help them heal. what don't you like about it ? Use the ideas below to help you. .al message rhythm music chorus instruments b The expression. what is it you like? If not. Were your predictions right? What con nection do the words have with the relationship described in the song? '--- 4 Finishing off a Do you like the song? If yes. oh.

.. AU good schools help chitdren to discover and develop their creativity... o o educalion in particular can shape our personality and limit our individuality. T hen compare and discuss your answers with your partner. 50095 The logicol Song .. CD The singer is happy and open to his world. . Predict the order of these slages and then listen to the song and check yo ur answers. o III The singer becomes angry and rebellious. It is n't the role of a school to teach children what's right and wrong.. GLOSSARY 10 preserve the sta lus quo to keep things the way they have been traditionally.. W Tho singer is sen t to a school where he is socia lized ....The Logical Song by Supertramp 1 Getting started "Tho Logical Song" is about how education in general and sch ool o o 0 o 0 0 School days afe the best days of your life... Here are some opinions about this subject. o o o 0 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0 o o o . Schools give children the discipli ne they need to beco me useful members of society. !II T he Singer begins to question his education . The mai n purpose of school is to preserve the status quo. Ch~~ the box thai represe nts yOW" op iniOn for each sontence..... Children should be free to study what and when they like.." 2 Listening fo r gist @ Tho song examines diff~rent slages in the si nger's life...

responsible. In the ten years that she has worked with the bank sho bas never been lale fo r work. 3 Ms. cynICal. please tell me what we've learned. And then they showed me a 4 world where I could be so dependable. what is it you like? if not. 2 Tho song takes a very nogative view o f growing up and education. I know it sounds absurd. I was more creative as a child Ihan I am now. a 8 vegetable I 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. what don't you like about it? Usc tho ideas on the right to he lp you. well they'd be sInging so happily. But what do you think? Discuss with your partner whether any of tbese sentences wero true for you or someone you knew. 1 magical [ And all the bIrds In the trees. respectable. We wera made 10 feel responsible for our own learning. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. . practICal. 4 J wish you were a bit more responsi ble about your work: you just don't seem to care. watch what you say or they'll be calhng you a radical. when all the world's asleep. clinical. Won't you please. playfully 2 watching mel But then they sent me away 10 teach me how to be 3 sensible . but please tell me 6 who I am. responsible dependable presentable practical cynical absurd 1 For goodness' sake. Io9l<al.3 Listening for detail a There are II number of adjectives inlhc song.it wasn'l just inlcllcclunl stuff. There are times. but he doesn't have much practical expericnce in everyday business. we'd like to feel you're acceptable. The Logical Song When I was young. that is completely a h!>urd ! ' . oh. Intellectual. It seemed that life was so wonderful. Thornton is a vcry dependable employee. a liberal. be so cynical . We learned plenty of practical subjccls at school. a fanatIcal 7 criminal ! Oh won't you sign up your name.the leachers wera too cynical. put on a clean shirt! You've got to be presentahle for tho interview. you know. Thoro's somo good in everyone. G YOli expcct me to bolieve that your dog ate your homework!? Marlin. ~ c Now read lhe song and check your answers. Joyfully. a miracle. presentable. oh It was beautIful. Then listen to the song again 'and fill in the blanks. S lie's 8 good candidate on papor. Before you listen 10 it again. complete the sentences below with the most appropriate adjectivo.' ~ b Now liston to lho song and numbe r tho words in the box above in tho ordor you hear thom in the song. the 5 questions run too deep for such a simple man. Now. 2 Don'. It was hard 10 get inspired at school . I cried a lot when I first wont to school.

singer/songwriter studio label charts track album touring stage musicians copies gig/concert band/group awards fans b Read this short article and complete the text using some of the words from Exercise la.. the year. make up a short story with your partner including all the pictures. jazz. and blue ~ c You're going to listen to one of Norah Jones' most famous songs. she moved to Manhatta n and start ed pl ayi ng wi th a 4 group called "Wax Poetic". Before listening. She was brought up by her American mother in Texas.. but it seemed t hat music was in her blood. they were signed by America's most famous jazz 5 label "B lue Note" and recorded their first 6 album Come Away With Me. tell some other students your story. Which story is the most romantic / the strangest / the most original? Song 6 Come Away With Me . this talent ed 9 songwriter hasn't stopped singi ng her unique blend of country. Check that you know all of them.. . but soon formed her own group. In 1999... However. She began si nging in church when she was five and took up the piano two years l ater. which went straight to the top of the 8 charts in 16 different countries.ColT' ~ worldwide success and the title 7 Away With Me was one of the most played songs 0 .... Ravi Shankar.. Jones foll owed t his up with the album . She went on t o sell nea rly 2 0 million albums in the fi rst t wo years and won eight Grammy Award s.. Norah Jones is the daughter of one of India's most famo us 1 musicians . she has never lived in India... Since ____ then.. This was an incredible track . GLOSSARY the Grammy Awards (he mosl important annual awards gi ven to performers and music writers by the American Music Industry. gig on her 16th She played her first 2 birthday an d went on to win a number of special 3 awards for her jazz singi ng. In 2004 .. When you're finished.. Come Away With Me. All of the images on page 145 are mentioned in the song... Feels like Home.. In 2000. -.1 Getting started a Look at this list of words commonly used when talking about the music world.

1 Who do you think .2 Listening for gist Now listen to the song and put the pictures in exercise lc into the order you bear them. 4 Finishing off a Do you liko the song? If yes. b Wbafs the relationship between the singer and the person she's singing to? 3 Listening for detail ~ a Read the lyrics and check the order of the pictures.. what is it you like? If not. Do you find any of the images in the song beautiful. Then listen again and write the missing words. Come Away With Me Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they can't 1 With their 2 lies I want to walk with you on a cloudy day In fields where the yellow grass grows 3 Knee high So 4 won't you try to come? tempt us Come away with me and we'll 5 On a mountain top kiss Come away with me And I'll never stop 6 loving you For I want to 1 wake up with the rain Failing on a tin roof While I'm 8 safe there in your arms So alii ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me ~ . _. you'll hear ''I'll write you a song" first.. why not? Use the ideas be low to help you. discuss these questions. For example..·they" are in verse two? 2 Why does tho singer ask her lover to go away with her "in the night "? 3 Why do you th ink the lovers in the song might need to leave? 4 Do you know any stories of lovers who have run away? . .. so write " 1 " next to that picture. or romantic? wordsllyrks singer's voke central message rhythm chorus Images musK instruments b In grou ps. original .

Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b
Read the role your teacher gives you.

Role C : membe r of local chamber of commerce Role A: local resident
You really do not want the hostel to be built on the land . Before the hospital was burned down, the area was very pleasant to live in. It has deteriorated over the last two years, and you think it will get worse if the hostel is built as it win attract some undesirable people. You think this will affect property prices and will become dangerous for the children in the area. The area is quite bui\t* up and you think the land should become a park, with a children's play area, and maybe a swimming pool. There is an industrial area on the other side of the city, which you feel would be a better site for the hostel. You are also personaUy worried about how this would affect the value of your property. You recognize that such centers are needed, but why on your doorstep? Your concern is the economic weU-being of the city. It used to be a very wealthy city, but that has changed over the last ten years as a number of businesses have moved away. The area of the city under discussion is a prosperous residential area, and you feel that a commercial center, with banks, shops, and businesses would be a much better use of the site. It would encourage the wealthy residents to spend money, and as it is on the outskirts of the city, it would also encourage people from the surrounding area. You could also benefit financially from such a project as you have a building company.

e ess people. Most f homeless people d 0 the problems in the i . 0 not cause alcoholics and dr~~y~~~~r: ~re a few people would stand a '~~c~tbthese chance of 9 tf etter lived . h e mg treatment ;f they m a ostel It wo Id I that the h . u a so mean jobs and could get the city S h e wealth of also h~lp u~ou a development would fru t . r career as you are s rated In your present job.

~;~e t hostel that could tagk:~~~n~~~

~~~:I~s~ re:1 PrOblem in the city with P two smau h:t:isT~re are currently enough beds. This ;ite ~tbithere aren't

Role. B: social worker

Role 0 : local doctor
You can't understand why the old hospital isn't going to be rebuilt. It was a small, old-fashioned hospital -and after the fire all the patients were. moved to the main city hospItal. However, the main _ hospital isn't big enough to cater for the whole city, so another hospital is needed, and there is now the opportunity to build one that is -bigger and more modern, and which could have specialist units. Furthermore, a new hospital would "benefit you personally as your office would probably be incorporated "into the hospital.

c~~~~~:e~~of~e

Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b

You are relieved that your parents know about your hobby, but you are determined to continue it. However, you know that you are going to have to make some compromises to continue, because you need their support. You also hope that they win buy you a motorcycle for your 18th birthday. You'll have to think of a couple of very good reasons why they should. Be prepared to listen to your parents' arguments and agree to anything sensible. Reassure them th~t you will continue to study and you WIll go to college . You really want a motorcycle, but you'\I wait to get a good one, and you have some money that you can contribute towards the cost.

Emma

Mother
You are horrified at Emma's hobby and you're very angry that she hid it from ¥ou. You also don't like Jake, her boyfriend, whose bike she uses. You want her to stop motorcycling but you don't want to have a huge argument about it. You're worried that it's dangerous, especially racing .

Father
You are also concerned about Emma's hobby, but you're not as worried as her mother. You know that Emma is a sensible girl and that she doesn't take unnecessary risks. You are worried about the cost of a motorcycle if she continues, though, and the costs of insuring it. You also feel that she should be using a small, not very powerful bike right now, as she hasn't had a lot of experience. You're prepared to pay some of the money towards a motorcycle for her birthday, but not a\1.

Try to persuade Emma to stop racing and to go o~ the motorcycle only in safe, places, I.e. not on main roads. You re aware that she has probably not had a proper course in riding a motorcycle, and offer to pay for one before she gets a bike of her own.

Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 4d Read the next paragraph of the story.

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Exercise 4c/d Choose one part from each of groups 1. 2 and 3 to write your description.

I climbed the chain-link barrier fence while the two brothers took the tension out of the barbwire strands at the top. Enough so I could straddle the fence, get one foot on the concrete wall of the aqueduct and drop some ten or twelve feet to the bottom. Then they lowered the bikes down to me su.s~nded on their belts. We rode for miles dOw~ this grant cOrridor of cement, the wheels of our bikes bumping over the brown lines of caulking used to seal the seams. Except for those seams it was the smoothest, flattest surface I'd ever ridden a bike on. (Story ending: The bo% spend hours bike riding in the aqueduct and through a tunnel, and they are eventually picked up by the police and taken home.)

Group 1

Group 2

'-'

Unit 6 Lesson 4 Exercise 7a Read the full version of the story of tho hitchhiker. A friend of 8 friend was driving along the Massachusetts Highway one night when he noticed a young woman walking along the side of the road. Concerned for her safety, he pulled over and asked her if she would like a ride. Without saying a word. she got into the car. As they were driving, he tried to engage her in conversation, but she remained silent and didn't say a single word during the entire journey. At the end of the Highway, he stopped at somo lights. The young woman got out of the car without saying goodbye or thanks. Thinking sho was extremely ungrateful, the man drove off and thought no more about her. A feW days laler he was cleaning his car when he noticed a purse on the floo r. Inside the purse was Ihe address of a house not too far away so he decided to return it to the young woman. when he arrived at tho house, an old man opened the door. The young man exp lained that he had come to return the purse to the young woman who lived there. The old man looked at the purse in amazement. "This purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed in a car accident on tho Massachusetts Highway more than 20 years ago."

Group 3

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Exercise 3 A So, this question. Which of these does not go with the word white? a) meat, b) bread, c) tea, d) egg. B Well, we definitely use white with egg . e Isn't it meat? D Na, I don't think so. Chicken is white meat. e Oh, you're rii ht. A It's c, tea, right? We can have black tea, but we say tea with milk, not white tea, right? D Yes, that's right, so it's c. What's the next question? A What is the name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it: a) the Black Sea, b) the Sea of Marmara, c) the Mediterranean Sea, or d) the Caspian Sea? C Oh, that's difficult. I have no idea. D Well , let's try to figure it out. It isn't the Mediterranean. B No, that's right. And the Caspian Sea is in Russia, I think. What do you think, Laura? A Yes, I think you're right. So maybe irs the Black Sea? C No, I think you're wrong, Laura. I went to the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. D So ... do we all agree that it's the Sea of Marmara? All Yes, let's put that ...

Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 2c So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to bum fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now, we will have run out of them within a couple of generations. We need to look at clean, renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and tidal power. But what is the present government doing? In a word, NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this, our future looks dark, very dark. If pollution continues to increase, our towns and cities will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. We'll be living in a world where, when it rains, it will rain ACID ... acid rain. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Facemasks ... facemasks will have become common in towns and cities. Vou see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemask today, but that's not the norm. Imagine ... a world where every living person wears a facemask. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie, I'm talking about your street, your town, your city ... I'm talking about your world ! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic, so much traffic, ladies and gentleman, that parking will have become a major problem. There will simply not be enough space to park your car. Parking places on the street - fulL Public and private parking lots - full! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. Already gridlock is a common, everyday problem. Imagine in ten years, my friends! Just imagine. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lack of clear policy on genetically modified food: and the way things are going, sadly, much of our food will soon be genetically modified. It may look like the answer in the short term, but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the health of our people? And that's not all. The economy will continue to deteriorate and, as a result, our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels, perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy - a vote for the people party. So on Thursday, vote for us, vote for ...

Answers and scores
Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise zb
Un it 4 Develop your writing Exer cise s b Compare this model paragraph with the one you have written.

Figure out your partner's score llnd read the analysis. Do you agree?

~

_ _ _'_ '_._

_ _

._ _ - -. ~ - . -1--

Internet addict or Internet phobe?
Scoring

1 a3 2 a1 3 a1 4 a3

b2 b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b2 01

"

5 a1 6 a1 7 a3

b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b 2 01

An a lYSis

18-21 : You're hooked on the Internet! If you don't start cutting back soon you may end up "disconnected" from the rea l world!
11-17: You have a healthy interest in information technology but you balance it with an interest in ~reallife". 7-10: Is your life affected at all by recent developments in

Ji-rwlLy, there is the quesb:on. rf fw.,edgm. and oLtgai:vm.s in tk fa-wLJi. On. """ ,",wi, _ Imngs duua. On 1M dheo-, " 1m"!!, ~. ')rkm. fw.,edgm. and ~ are nd 6aLa-need, there is cqn,f{jd. JOy exa'"rnfle, a !:ee?lL1ffY -wanis f:.o go !:o a po;.ty and tk pJ.;yenis dIJ nd -wani tIwm. f:.o ffJ. )tow can flus ccnftid be ewied. l /3df.. pa..ties -need 'WOYk. /;0 u">Ui.e:r1;a.nd the dhc:Ys peYSpx1:i've and I:d..e ~ fq,- theiy O>+n adions. .k paYenls -need f:.o 5Iurw theiy ciuld.Yen I:.Iu1l -wJh fw.,edgm. COmeS ~, so chi!d.Yen need 5Iurw paren1:s t/uU; !:ky can -manage t/uU; ~. In my w"W, the I:ee~ sIwuld.. tei1l:J-.ei.y paYems wf1ere t-ky aYe gccng, ..,.,.fll1f; k'»le !:ky ...dt niurn. fu:rme, and ask. ~ !:o go.

w

w

7k

~y tkn needs !:o fuLfill theiy otligalwn. £wY]! b.'»Ie a paYe:n1 and a ciuld.'s /::rn1; is wi fmi<.e.n, freedom ...dt i~. Of cau:r!e, alL !:fu.s is ea5[ey sad I:f.an done. Hc»e-yey, by tnd and em?Y a-nd. genu..?1£ Lo-ve and wn.dedandJ.-ng fa~ can 6ecurne ewn. ~.

Information Technology? You are in no danger of getting hooked bu t it may be a good idea to explore the Internet a little more: it might enrich your life rather than limit it.

Un it 5 Develop your learning Exercise lb Check the key to the questionnaire.

Uni t 4 Lesson 3 Exercise l b

25·36: An excellent score! You're getting lots of good practice and if you
keep doing these things your confidence can only grow. As they say, the best way to improve your speaking is to speak and you're certainly doing that . But that doesn't mean you should sit back and relax. Keep looking for ways to challenge yourself.

Look at the analysis for your score. Do YOli agree?

Your score
M ostly a: you're a fa ir-weather friend, You use your friends and see them when it suits you, but drop them Quickly if you no longer want their friendship. Do you have any old friends?

13-24: You're doing a lot of things riglit. Congratulations! But don't stop
there. There are still opportunities to take. Look down the list and see what you can work on . And although having imaginary conversations with yourself in English may sound half crazy, it does work. So build on the good work you're dOing!

Mostly b: you're a very good friend. but you're probably not quite as honest In friendships as you should be. You don't say what you think. so people don't always believe what you say. Mostly c: you 're a great friend. You probably have a lot of close friends because you are very caring and loyal. You make friends easily and keep friends fOl" a long time.

0-12:

Things aren't too bad and can only get better. Most people feel uncomfortable speaking in a foreign language but one thing is for sure - it will only get better if you work at it. Start by speaking more in class. You can also record yourself speaking English or have imaginary conversations ;n English. It rea lly helps. So start today - life's too short to miss opportunities and you never know where English could take you. Good luck!

U n it 4 Lesson 4 Exer cise 38 Check your answers

ami re"d the analysis for you.

Un it 7 Lesson 3 Exercise lc Read the analysis for your score. Do you agree?

Analysis
a - O b- I c - l a -I b- O c - l a-O b - I c - l a -I b - l

a-I
a -O

b- I
b-l

c - O c - O

c -I

Analysis
0-4:
You haven't learned how to be assertive, have you? You shou ld take credit for the work you do and make more of your career opportunities. Don't let people take advantage of you _ You have your beliefs and you stand up for them, but you also respect the rights of others to express t heir views _You've gotten a good balance into your life. confident but you should try and show more consideration for other people's feelings and views.

5-6:

Well, you're very honest (If you've answered the quiz honestly, of courser). Lying or cheating really isn't your thing, is ttl Good for your 9-19: You have been known to lie or try to cheat the system a IJttle, but who hasn't' There may be the odd occasion when being a little dishonest Is acceptable, but don't do it very ottent 20-32: Have you really told the truth in answering the questions or is that not In your nature' Your score suggests that you think nothing of being dishonest - but what do other people think about this!
Unit 9 Lesso n 2 Exercise lb Check your ans wers to th e 1.Q. puzzles.

G-8,

7· 12. You've become a bit too aggressive: it's good to be

1 c 2 d 3 b 4 The man is very short and can't reach the
bulton for th e 10th floor.

Communication activities

149

Student A
Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise lb Read the text about SlIlma Hayek's cnrl y life. Complete the graph.

®
soap opera
went to

moved to LA

®
became an

university
good

","""
CD

®
went to school in Louisiana kicked out
of school

bad

boen
1966

®

dropped out of university

Livin' the Vida Loca

5alma Haye k is the first Mexican actres~ to Hollywood movie star Since become a R' Ha ek was bom in Veracruz, Dolores De lio. Y 2 1966 He r parents M 'co on Septem ber, . eXI, a rivate Catholic school in

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exen::ise 1 b Read the text about ka rate. then go back to page 82.

sent her to

P

11 The school
• . behave
t
0

Louisiana whe n she was

expelled h e r because she used to mls constantly. and so she had to return

Mexico.
In college she stu

karate
Karate is a form of martial art originating over two thousand years ago in India. However, it is now known as a Japanese martial art: it was brought to Japan via China and became established there in the 17th century. The word karate means "empty hand", which describes the open hand technique used now - the sport used to involve closed fist fighting before it evolved into its present form. The aim of karate is to be in total control of the muscles in your body so that you can use them with force and accuracy. Experts often break objects to show mental and physical training but when

Martial arts:
they fight, their blows do not make physical contact. The sport is based on attacks with the feet or the hands, but the force and momentum comes from the hips, so good balance and hip rotation is everything. Many people take up karate as self-defense, although for many others the martial art and the philosophy behind it form a way of life.

d' d Intemational Relations
Ie

but she didn't finish her studies; instea • ~ e d out with the intention of becoming droppe arents didn't agree at fi~st, an actress. Her p ' d to goong h Hayek wasn t use bU~i:~~hh:~gparents' wishes, she ~ollo",:ed ~er

d

h

~;stincts. Her first break w;S gett~~;~o:ul: i~

local theate r, which didn t pay . Then she got a starrmg . was good experience. The role in a popularTV soap opera. Tereso . . Hayek famous m shoW'S success ma d e . Mexico. Despite her success, she deCided to quit the show and to move to L.A. to make a career in Hollywood.

GLOSSARY
misbehave act in an unacceptable way instincts natural feelings

GLOSSARY

martial to do with war or fighting
momentum the rorce thai keeps something moving

150

Communication octivities

Th. the government exported f~ from there because that was the way me economiC ". In late 2002. T h is solution used local materials. office. ~ unger in the world is to do wi th mo ney. say. Unfortunately.-'. Road th e arguments against GM foo d and complete the table on page 106. biotechnology provides resistance to certam insects but only for 3 period of. tcchnical solution thai wlil lead to orner problems later. a tee n thriller. rom usk. The Faculty (1998). there is an unp redIctabIlity and uncertainty in genetic modific3tion because of a 13Ck of knowledge about how genes work. five years . We 3re not saying that all GM cropS arc dangc rous.e. example.S.. in any country whcre merc·s been a democracy. For . d systcm \\-"O. He r next moyie Desperado. which a lso starred Will Smith a n~ Kevin Kline. Till Dawn ( 1996). Instead. There are other \~ays that can acmallY provide a better long-term solunon. and the grasses were used to feed anim~ls. The actress got her first big break in 1991 when she starred in My Crazy Life. and Dogma (1999).StudentB U nit 2 Lesson 1 Exer cise 1b Read the text and complete the graph about Sa1ma Hayek's life after sho moved from Mexico to the U. This was done with corn and the crop doubled. BUI we must ha\"C 3 right to look carefully al those that are da ngerous. UtaI s. which starred Antonio Banderas I put Haye k on the Hollywood map: Unfortunately. did muc h be ~ter. she used to avoid the movie crowd when she first arrived there. was a success With both critics a nd audiences. she decided not to pursue her career immediatety in LA. Haye k had a starring role in Wild Wild Wen.. They won't be. Hayek spent her first yea r learn ing English and sh e also learned to drive. We want 3 global ban on GM . ® Dogma Despemdo The Faculty Frida was a huge success learned to drive @ ® ® good ® learned English From Dusk TIll Dawn bombed Wild Wild West bad Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 311 Livin' the Vida Loca Although Hayek was use d to considerable success and fam e in Mexico. The film wa s a huge success in the U. not expensIve technology. bombe d at the box. which is why wc muSI find alternatives. ~e GM solution is 3 quick. In the sam e year.. On th e contrary. Frida Kahlo. the movie that followed F o . Even dun ng the famines in Ethiopia. Grecnpeacc says food supply is nOI the issue. Haye k released Frida base d on the life of the fa mous M exica~ painter. ne\"er been a serious faminc •. the film was a disaster..S.The alternative is to plant a kind of grass that gelS nd of the insects.. GM food: the arguments against Although we haven't proved that ~M ~~ps are dange rous. GLOSSARY pursue to follow a courso of action bomb (in this context) to be a failure GLOSSARY biotechnology science basad on cells and bacteria ban stopping someone from doing something Communication aetMties 151 .

the pieces gone. irs hard to breathe. no molter whot we soy. Is that the woy it is? Song 1 T 134-13S Beautiful . • 1Iemative Put studen ts in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 3b. words won't bring us down. Yes. Yes. Let students check their answers in pairs. too. even if other people are criticizing them. No molter what we do. she is saying that everybody shou ld feel confident about being positive and "'beautiful". she is speaking directly to the people listening to her. Words con·t bring me down. Students have to listen and "choose" the wo rd they hear. You ore beautiful no molter what they soy. no. Addiflonol activity What makes a person beoutifvl? Ask students to work in small groups to make 0 list of five or six things thot make a person beautiful inside and/or outside. no. 3 Listening for detail Play the song agnin. ("ugly" and as hamed because she's famous and has too much exposure). 4 Finishing off Discuss lhe questions in Exercise 4 as a class. write them at random on the board. and should have the confidence to feel beautiful. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And ~erywhere we go the sun will always shine. 10m beautiful in ~ery single way. Answers: The song is ahout how everybody is beautHul inside. Use these pictures when doing the group work task in exercise 1 . words con·t bring us down. To all your friends you're delirious. teft the puzzle undone. Don't look at me Every day is so wonderful then suddenly. etc.Units 1 &2 Beautiful Lead in by Christina Aguilera Bring in your own pidures of beautiful people and things: pop and film stars. 'Couse we ore beautiful no molter what they soy. I am beautiful no molter what they soy. We ore beautiful in fNCry single way. words can't bring you down. In the first verse the singer is singing about how she feels. In the last verse and chorus. no. Play the song. But tomorrow will find a wayan the other side. Now and then t get insecure from all the poin. ~~---------------------------------------------------. ·Couse you ore beautiful in ~ery single way. In the chorus. Trying hard to fill the emptiness. Yes. oh. and saying tbat they should feel beautiful. Ask students to listen and choose the best answe r. no. So consumed in all your doom. or piny and pause. 1 Getting started Put students in groups of four or five to do the task in Exercise 1. I'm so ashamed. oh. oh. locations in students' countries. Sa don·t you bring me down today. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions in Exercise 2 carefully as a class. words con't bring me down. Yes. So don·t you bring me down today. So don't you bring me down today. Ask students to listen and complete the lyrics. Preseillalion If students have problems hearing the missing words. Words can't bring you down. You may need to play it more than once. oh.

and fill in any blanks they can remember. . Play the song again. Vocabulary connected with friends: share on apartment = live in the same apartment Vocabulary hong oul (with friends I in cofesl = spend lime together fall oul = hove an argument and slop being friends make up = apologize and be friends again sett!e down = stop being young and "free" . But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your knees that . Give students three or four minutes to prepare answers to the questions they have chosen. And it hasn't been your doy.OA Irs like you're always stuck in second gear. but . you're broke. Ask students to listen and write T or F. rll be there for you When the rain storts to pour I'll be there for you Uke rve been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. A friend is . So no one told you life was gonna be this way.. Someone to face the day with. etc. Even at my worst. ask three or four students to tell the class what their partner told them. buy a house. @ ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask student to read the words of the song carefully. etc. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Yeah! trs like you're arways stuck in second gear. but . things are gOing great. Your mother wamed you there'd be days like these. Someone rll always laugh with. For example. Ask students in pairs or small groups to complete the sentence starter above in five different ways. have babies. your love life's D. make rt through all the rest with I'll Be There For You T1 36-137 Song 2 . your month. Seems you're the only one who knows what irs like to be me. or even your year. Play the song for Exercise 2.and get married. In the feedback. Then put them in pairs to discuss their answers. I'll be there for you When the rain starts to pour I'll be there for you Uke I've been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. or even your year. Ask students to listen and fill the rest ofthe blanks. You're sfill in bed ot ten and work began at eijght. your week. You've burned your breakfast so far. Addi1ional acIivity 6S~-------------------------------------------------------------------. Ask What are the names of the characters? What do they do? Can you remember any words from the theme song? 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the text with the words in the box.Units 3 &4 I'll Be There For You by The Rembrandts Lead In Ask students what they know about Friends. your month. your week. no one could ever see me. Ask students to share their ideos with the class. A friend is forever. A friend is someone you can trust. Your job's a joke. rm best with you. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing as a class. I'U be there for you When the rain storts to pour 111 be there for you Uke I've been there before 111 be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. When it hasn1 been your day. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to read through the statements carefully. No one could ever know me.

You don·t hove to SCI'i. Oh Cry me a river IBoby go on and justl ~ Cry me a river rfou can go on and just) Cry me a rivef. Cry me a river. singer telling boy/girlfriend why the relationship is over. who! you didl I already know. ask. you were my earth. there11 never be. yeah yeah IOhi The domoge is done So I guess I be leaving. You tokl me you loved me.Units5& 6 Cry Me A River by Justin Timberlake Lead in Write Cryan Ihe board. I found ou1 from him. there'll INa chance. You don" hove 10 sa(.. go bock? Ask students how they would express the idioms in theif language. you and me) And don'l it make you sod about it.be. (Cry me.. I refuse. Now there's just no chance. Additional acttvity Rale·play one of the situations suggested by the song: friend trying to make singer feel better. I found out from him. hove to SCI'i. you must hove me confused with some ather guy. Why did you leave me. oh Cry me a river. oh Cry me a river. Idioms You could explore the idiomatic nature of some of the language In feedback. l lound CUI from him. yeah IOhi The damage is done So I guess I be . 3 Listening for detail Ask students to try to complete the song with the words in tbe box. for you and me. cry me) Cry me a river. Your bridges were burned me when you call me. no. As you elicit answers. Cry me a river IGo on and just) Cry me a river IGo on and jus!I Cry me a river IBaby go on and just) Cry me a river yeah. ~ Note Play the song again. here.. and mode other pions. But I bel you didn1 think your thing would come crashing and now it's your turn to cry. Cry me a river Cry me a river Cry me a rivef You know tho1 they SCI'i some things ore betrer left unsoid. Before they do the lask. 1"\0. there11 !AI olonel Now you tell me you need . point oul to students thai. yeah yeah IAin1 gonno cry no more... you and mel And don't it make you sod abou' it. And don't it make you sod about it. Ask When did you losl cry? Whot kinds of things make you cry? What do you think Cry me a river means? 1 Getting started Ask students to match the sentence halves and then check their answers in pairs. [Messing with my head) You should've picked honesty. cry me) Cry me a river. who! you did) I already know. whot you did. Play the song for Exerc. all olooo? Oh the domoge is done so I guess I be leaving. !When you call me on the phone] Girt. note some good contextuaiized examples of the language and write them on Ule board . cry me) Cry me a river. Elicit responses from the class and discuss the answers to Exercise 1 a to le. on Ihe phone. You don'. I refuse. uh) Now there's just no chance. Girl. whot you did. II already know! Now there's just no chance. II already know. For example. I already know. You told me you loved me INtrv did you leave me. Oh down. yea·yeol Cry me a rivef Cry me a rivef. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. ~ WOSI"I11ike you only talked 10 him and you know it. lOon" hove to sa(. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions carefully. you must hove me confused with some other guy. oh (Cry me. All of these thilgs people lOkI me keep messing with my head. Ask students in pairs to try to use the vocabulary in the context of relationships.. ~ '" You were my sun. for you and me. oh (Cry me. Cry me a river IGo on and lustl Cry me a rivef IBoby go on and jus!) Cry me a river IGo on and just! Cry me a rivef ICouse rve already cried! Cry me a river. Oh the damage is done So I guess I be leaving. oh ICry me. cry me) 5ong3 T138·139 Cry Me A River . refuse is a verb. then you may not have blown it. all alone? Now you teH me you need me when you coil me on the phone. 1 000l ad like you don" know it). INa chonce. Ask students to listen and circle the correct answer. What does burn bridges literolly mean? Why is il a good metaphor for saying you can'. oh Cry me a rivef.. SUI you didn't know oillhe ways I loved you.ise2 . Ask students 10 listen and check. for you and me. lrm not like them baby) Your bridges were burned and ncm irs your tum Itt's your turnl To cry. leaving. So you took a chonce. oh """"' be.. who! you did. (Danl hove to soy. Let them discuss ideas with a partner.

.. I'd just allow a frogmenl of your life 10 wonder free. Use these 10 elicit ideas and information about the singers. He is famous for his outrogeous clothes and glosses. Ask students in pairs to match the words to definitions. . Dh. Too lale to save mysell from falling I look a chan<:e and changed your way of lile But you misread my meaning when I met you Oosed the door and left me blinded by the light Don'tlel the sun go down on me Although I search myself.-------------------------------------------------------------------. Irs always someone else I see I'd just allow a frogment of your life to wonder free Bullosing everything is like the sun going dOWTl on me. irs always someone else tholl see I'd just allow a fragment of your life 10 wander free 'Couse losing everything Is lik. Ask students to discuss how the words might connect to the song in pairs. I con'tlight no more of your darkness. 'Cause losing everything is lik. including Rockel Man and Crocodile Rock. Monitor and prompt. All my pictures seem 10 fade to black ond white rm growing tired ond time stands sUIl before me Icon1 find the right romantic line But see me once and see the W!rf I feel Don1 discord me just because you think I mean you harm Butlhese cuts I hove they need lave to help them heal. Culture note E1ton John Ellon John was born in England in 1947. His most famous song is CondIe in the Wind. Ask students in groups of three to think of a singer or bond they know well. He become famous in 1982 when he and his friend Andrew Ridgley hod lOP len hils as the pop bond Whom! His best-known albums are Faith and Older.Units 7 & 8 Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John Bring in pictures of.e the sun going doWTl on me. ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask students to road the song carefu lly. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to look at the pictures in pairs. Answer: "The sun going down" here means the end of the relationship . ~ 4 Fi nishing off Discuss lho questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Geof'ge Michael George Michael was born in london )0 Greek parents. Frozen here on the ladder of my life. Don·t let the sun go down on me Allhough I seorch myself. encourage students to share their best ideas. writing with Bernie Toupin. irs always someone else Iholl see. and see if they can remember or guess the missing words. Play tho song and ask students to listen and order the pictures.if the singer's lover does not return. Lead in 1 Getling started Elicit as much information about George Michael and Elton Jobn as you can from students. and tell each other what they think might be happening in cach. His feol nome is Reginald Dwight He become famous in the 19705 when. Play the song again.. His real name is Giorgos Kyriatou Ponayiotou. Ask students to listen and fill in tho blanks. baby. so he is Sir Elton John. Don·t let The Sun Go Down On Me T 140-141 Song 4 . He was knighted in 1998. Have a brief d iscussion in feedback about what the title ofthe song might mean. Additional activity ~~. and prepare to present a brief description under these headings: childhood influences career songs gossip Ask one person in each group to make the group's presentation. In the feodback. don11et the sun go down on me AIIhough I search myself. or CDs by. oh. Elton John andlor George Michael. he hod a 101 of lop len hils. then it will be like the night falling.e the sun going down on me.

or -a/words from the lesson. Find out which pair gal the most. Song 5 T142-143 The logical Song . Play the recording again. Now.Units9& 10 The Logical Song Lead in by Supertram p Write -able. but please tell me who 10m. There are times. I know it sounds absurd.able. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Ask students to fill in the blanks. a vegetable! At night. They have to write a sentence fhat defines and contexlualizes each word they hove chosen. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to decide on the order of stages.oble. or words they come up wi fh in the lead in. playfully watching me! But then they sent me awoy to teach me how to be sensible. presentable. Ask each team to choose four -ible. the questions run so deep for such a simple man. Won't you please. a liberal. clinical. well they'd be singing so happily. play the song again. Won'. When I was yaung. please tell me what we've learned. when all the world's asleep. -ible. it seemed that life was so wonderful. Pronunciation note Note that the stress goes on the syllable just before -ible or . -able. a fana tical. cynical. who have to guess which word they are describing. And then they showed me a world where I could be so dependoble. please tell me what we've learned. but please tell me who I am. magical! And all the birds in the trees." Divide the class into groups of six. I know it sounds absurd. we'd like to feel you're accep. Elicit answers from the class and find out who believes school is useful and who thinks it is harmful. intellectual. oh it was beautiful. a miracle. you please. and ask them to read out their list. Then play the song so that students can check their ideas. and -af on the board. and check their answers with a partner. logical. respectable. a criminal! Oh won" you sign up your nome. Ask students to number the words in the correct order. when all the world's asleep. watch what you say or they'll be calling you a radical. responsible. 3 Listening for detail Once students have completed the sentences in Exercise 3a with the adjectives. the questions run 100 deep for such a simple man. Addltionalocttvity ~8 - Ploy -guess the word. joyfully. 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the questionnaire. Ask students in pairs to write as many English adjectives as they con thol end with these suffixes in one minute. Let students read thro ugh the song to check their answers. They read their words aloud to the other learn in Iheir group. Divide each group into two teams of three. practical.

Brainstorm and write on the board as many words as you con connected with the subjed of rock music.Units 11 & 12 Come Away With Me by Norah Jones Bring in a large picture or pictures of a rock band or pop singer. and have them tell their group their idea for the story. 3 Listening for detail Let students read through the song to check their answers. Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they con't tempt us With their lies Iwant to walk with you on a cloudy doy In fields where yellow grass grows Knee high 50 won" you try to come? Come away with me and we'll kiss On a mountain top Come away with me And I'll never stop loving you For I wont to wake up with the rain Falling on a tin roof While I'm safe there in your arms 50 0111 ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me Come Awoy With Me T144-145 Song 6 . ~ 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 in groups and as a class. Then put students in groups of four or five . Play the recording again. 2 Listening fo r gist Play the song. Ask students to fill in the blanks. for example: What do you call the place where bonds record musiC? (studio) Whol is a live show by a band in a bar or club called? Igigl Ask students to complete the text with words from Exercise la and then check with a partner. AddIIIonaI actMIy ~'-----------------------------------------------------------. Student A is the interviewer and has to prepare questions to ask. Ask students to listen and label the pictures. Lead In 1 Getting started Ask students to discuss the words in pairs and look up unknown words in their dictionary. Student B is Norah and has to read the biographical details in exercise Ib again so that he or she is ready to answer questions. Role-play an interview with Norah Jones. Put students in pairs to create a story using the pictures. splitting the original pairs. In feedback. Elicit one or two short stories for the class to hear. ask questions )0 make sure students know the more djfficult words.

box. your team I1'IOYe5 fOfWard two spaces. your team can move fOfWard one square_ Give eight different words for containers. hand. (ANSWER: Mick Jagger) 2 Which famous Australian actor directed a film about Jesus Christ? (ANSWER: Mel Gibson) 3 Name five parts of the human body.no is aggressive_ If the opposite team guesses the adjective correctly. move fOfWard two spaces. Tem ptation Island.. current affairs. etc. movies. It might also include sports and SI)Or1 ing events as welt as discos. clubs. llUiz shows.] What does DVD stand for? (ANSWER: Digital Versatile Disk) Name five different kinds of TV program.. Sing a song in English or move back two spaces_ Mime this type of person . heel. Mime this film .. Vocal (the way you solllld) and Verbal (w ha t you say)..) Don't move forward. special ceJooI'8tions such as Thanksgiving. ears. what does the word circuldrion mean? (ANSWER: The number of copies sold every day. (ANSWER: exam ples might include visits to museums. If the opposite team guesses correctly. you can move forward one space _ (ANSWER: tube.Quiz cards Entenainment 2 . armpit. shoulders. Move back two spaces. elbow. shin.3? (ANSWER: eating) 1 What do we call the father of your wife or husband? (ANSWER: father-in-law) 4 What do you call those two lines of hair above your (?yeS? (ANSWER: eyebrows) S What is the colledive name for a massive number of trees in a tropical region. carton. Stay put! S 6 7 8 \. documentaries. eyes. foot.Lord of the Rings: The Two Tovvers. your team can move forwa rd one square. need th is type of visa to enter and study there.<ooliouedfmmpogen291 Words Is a tabloid newspaper small or big in size? (ANSWER: small) 2 What do you stop doing if you suffer from anorexi. drama. people evaluate each other using the 'three Vs'.papef has a massive drculiJtion. wrist. mouth.) Name the sport where two people wea ring special gloves fig ht each other in a ring. The word combines two words: 'electron ic' an d ' magazine'. eyelids. (ANSWER: abdomen. America's Next Top ModeL ) In the sentence The newy. etc.. I repeat you cannot speak! If they guess correctly. fist . ankle. T 260 QuizCords OEtIiIoricIMocniIondeMl!xko. eyebrows. lips. /)0'(. hip.s. Oh. movie houses.) Name three things you would expect to see on a language 6 school's social program. and natural landmarks.S. thigh. tub.? (ANSWER: football) 3 What do you (aU a magazine that you read on the Internet? (ANSWER: an e--zine.) 4 Can you name the man who developed the theory of 'multiple intelligences'? (ANSWER: Gardner) S 1Nhich disease does Muhammed Ali suffer from? (ANSWER: Parki nson 's) 6 What was the infamous couple Bonnie and Clyde so well known for? (ANS\¥ER: Robbing banks) 7 What is the opposite of an introvert ? (ANSWER: An extrovert) 8 1Nho was the infamous German leader during Wood War II? (ANSWER: Adolf Hitler) 9 According to one study. What are they? (ANS WER: Visual (the way you look). forehead..nere it rains a Iot7 (ANSWER: a rainforest) 6 'IoIhat do yo u suffer from the next day if you have drunk too much alcohoP (ANS WER: II hangover) 7 What do you call old or broken th ings wh ich are worthless? (ANSWER: junk) 8 Can you give me five different features of the human face? (ANSWER: chin. 10 By what name was the terrorist Inich Ramirez Sanchez better known? (ANSWER: Carlos the Jackal) 1 2 3 4 Stand up and whistle a song by any English-speaking group_ If you do this successfully. 2006 . toes.. (ANSWER: talk shows. jar.someone. pack..) 10 What is the informal word for not having any money? (ANSWER: broke) What or who was 'Pong'? (ANSWER: The first video game) What kind of program has the highest audience ratings in the U. can. SAdeC. !l nd bag. The Rolling Stones. draw a picture of someone in the class so that the other team can guess their identity. for example. bottom. fingers. waist.. (ANSWER: boxing) Wild Card People Name the lead singer of the British rock band.) 4 5 Can you give me the name of three famous Reality TV programs? (ANSWER: Big Brother. bottle. On a piece of P<lper and wi thout speaking a word. theatres. head. and don't move back. knee. 7 8 9 historical sights. famous places. If you are successful. dear! Teday's not your day. calf.V. nose) 9 lNhat is an 'Fl Student Visa' used for? (ANS\\'ER: Students who want to study in the U.

so I'd soy they ollrad all ages from six to sixty. Johnny Well. Johnny No. I don't understand. A classic of this type is Alone in Ihe Dark. Ihe early 80s. no ..you can find plenty of adults playing.you moy have heard of iI. and you can make up your own dream team. ThaI's a long time! Friend Yeah. the instrudions are really obvious. the early days. Bed:hom. That just means irs full of adventure and monsters and lots of pretty violent odion. the people who play videa games are mostly young.. Friend Not really my scene. Then they're simple to ploy.all for the boys. who are attracted to ~ i deo games? Johnny II"s difficult to soy. either. ~53 '-------------------. il appeared in 1972 and il was pretty bosic... Friend Kinds of games? What do you mean? Johnny Well. there's the horror video game. For Exercise 2 an Page 114 . Something thaI really annoys me oboul these games is the way they're all so mole-oriented . then videa games ore a good choice. You know. like the horror movie. Audiascripts T 261 . And they hove the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books . and especially teenoge boys. I guess I can see that.. of course.For Exer cise 2 on Page 114 "Port 1 Friend So what exoctly is it you do. There are so many different kinds of games now. they involve the players in imaginative WfSo/S.to me they have the dynamism of movies. We know bays tend to be mare violent than girls . I've been designing them since the . something that really allrods people to videa games is the grophks . Friend Pong!? Johnny Yeah! Anyway. over 20 years. I think port of it is that boys seem to be attracted to new technology more than girls.. There are video games involving magic and mythological sellings . Ronalda. A good example 01 this type is Commando . they hove on active role. but in video games they toke port. 1M above all. Do you think . but you can ploy them at horne. Then. they start from as young as six and ploy till they be<ame young adults. too. I've only heard of Tomb Raider. Butl think that really the commerciol success of video games is that they appeaito all ages . whoever. In the movies the viewers are passive. there are loIs of sports videa g<lmes. I dunna . and they do tend to be young guys . Johnny You bet! I remember the first videa game .it was called Pong.the grophks these days are incredibly ollroctive and real. one of the most popular Kinds of videa game is the 'heroic action" game. Zidone. And of course. Friend Mmm. Friend Yeah.. but sadly I think the things that may make them attradive to guys are the adion and the violence in so many of them.. Part 3 Friend .. What is it that makes these videa games so papular? 52~---------------------------------------------------. There must have been a 101 of changes since then. yeah. Friend Sounds awful. I bet iI's all boys and yaung guys. as you can imagine. The thing \ really like about them is the dynamism ... But whot kind of people do they allrac!?' bel irs all . thaI's not true. like Pro-Evolution Soccer. Friend fr.the use of color is fantastic.. Port 2 Friend What is it that makes these video games so popular? Johnny Well.. so whot oboutlhe harmful effects? You know. like. Friend Why do you think irs mostly young guys. But since then Videa games have been getting more and more sophisticated. something like Zelda is a successful example of this type. some people say videa games have bod effects on the people who ploy them. Johnny Some Kind of thing. in which you can lake on Ihe identity of your favorite soccer player. Johnny? Is il computer programming? Johnny Sort of -I design videa games.thaI's nat just for men or boys. If yoU're looking for realistic entertainment. For Exercise 2 on Page 1I4 ..

8 Exercise 5 1 I have aready read this book. mecn. 5 risi'lg. 6 hazel. 'm used 10 dOIlg: 4 used to waII:: 5 used to have: 6 'm not used to ctivi'IQ Exercise 3 2. 5 r\leresl. 2 graduated from. 4 hadn't Ixu. 3 fame. 2 I orly I had more lriends. 6 file. 5 AdriMa Exercise 6 1 That's. 4 emoIicon. 4 a. 2 nterestO'. 2 fa. 2 cx:n. cats. 2 fri9"ds. 3 False.. 7 active. 4 interesled. 5 c. 2 bored. 3 rot'l'lMtic. S True.5. 3 altraclive. 9 refuse. 6 f~. 8 False Exercise 6 1 generous. 4 /C(. S romantic. 4 False. 8 are. 7 creatrve. 9 True. last year. 3 fai". 8 If orly I hadn't beerl so stupidl Exercise 2 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 t 4 L 5 ~ 6 g. 6 a 7 c. 71. 8 made. 2 chat. 7 blond. March. 3 sh:::e. 13 tend 3 MartIl'1 Martinez. 3 False. 4 COI. 8 h<n:Ie. 8 f 1 didn'. 2 inyWment 3 ~. a False.trt. in Exercise 3 1 lend: 2 pay. 7 the job . 6 caIed. 2 I sUI haven't spokoo to Jack. 5 Grace McBtide.terested. six. a week. Unit 3 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Maley. 2 h. 8 cash: 9 ~ 1 SInCe. 5 I'm writJng you now to i'Mle you to dnnef. 5. 4c Exercise 4 """'. 4 speaker I.. 4 Exercise 5 1 speaker I. 2 never. 8 False Exercise 5 Exercise 2 1 interested. ttls anernoon. 6 doesn't have.. were. 2 chcv1ged. 10 aware. whef11 was 14. 3 earn: 4 buy. 4 FalSe. 8 " terest Unit 3 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6~ 7L 8a Unit 1 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 active. 6 am WOfkng. 3 1wish I hadn't spool aI my money. 4 False. 3 speaker 2. 3 used to. 6 named. 7 True. 5 hated. 2 False. 6 radical Exercise 3 1 happy. Exercise 6 Across: 5 fortune. 10 M . 4 1s~. 9 borI1g. 5 made. 6 used la. 7 l!lliery. 6 fa. II wish. 2g. 3 1m cookhg. 2 isn't used to gattng~: 3 used 10 hate. 4 judgment. 3 . 2 M. 3 's practiCing. 5 a Exercise 3 I c. 2 b. 5 1ound. 6 bored. 3 conversatoo I. 4 fould. 4 If Oft. 4 True. 5 respectable.5 c. 2 FalSe. 3 means. last week. 5 bored. 9 TM rane.t I hadn't ooived tate. 12 "" Exercise 5 I 10lII'ld. 8 ~it 1 !llQ(ley. 4 Do you uroderstand. 5 tar. 7 False. 4 moved. 5 tasci1atng. 2 worM. 8 e True. 9 h. 2 know. Conv£wsation B is about paying too IllJCh /c( scmething. Exercise 6 1 nsilg. 7 SR)8. rane: 5 o::vmon. 5 Have you fM!l used a cha1 room? 6 Have you tned to pefSUade Mary yet? 7 I have recently thoulj1t about my iU1tJ'l!. S3f. 2 OI"gar1i2ed. 7 were. name Exercise 7 I e. 2 fallilg. 3 did. 7 f9C0QrMze. 7 Grace McBride Mart" Martilez.ng.4. 3 aggressive. 3 c Exercise 5 1 True. 10 like Unit 1 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 hazel. 4 False. 3 False. 4 ~ 5 a . 2 M arisot 3 MartsoI. ~. dressed.&il. yesterday Exercise 3 1 ~ 2 L 3 a.6. 3 modest. 3 just. 4 duI. 3 'Iirus. 7 g. I. Sa. S True. 8 friendly Unit 4 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 I Inp!essions . 5 QLDeI . 7 internet. 3 e. 6 False. 6 am cooI<. 2 Grace McBride. 6 revise. name.. a a Exercise 5 1 Bi!lie. 12 website Exercise 2 l c. 9 asked. 2 False. 2 fl. 3 dowIioad. 3 1. 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 g. 6 speaker 2. on my birthday. 8 1 emporary. 5 I wish I had a beller job. 3 /aIIi). 6 d 7 a. 3. 6 orb. tOO roorni'g. 8 WhaI. 7 ddn1. on my lasl birthday Simple past and used to: when I was a ctWd. 4 irritatng. aJYOIl8: 7 '/ohlal. 10 ransom. 5 True. 3 cold. 4 bg off. 6 WI'OIe.n.I'pise. 3 a 4 b. 6 False. Conversation C is about someone whO is rri:serIy. Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 was. react la. 7 played. 10 Do you wn~eIse? """'" . 2 ptXe. 10 False Exercise 4 I True. means: 4 1i<e. 6 e. 4 Adriana.)l'l A is about Iendi1g """"'"' """'Y. 7 negalive Exercise 4 l c. 7 'm not dci1g.6b . 5 ~. 2 TM. 3 True. 8 gave. MarisoI. COlIltry. 6 False. a few holr's. 2 rose. 5 aash. 2 attractl\lE!.. 5 team. 7 casI1.8. S recenUy. 4 risilg.Jl. 7 True. 7 speaker 3. 6 opened.!. 4 bkJe. S Exercise 6 Conv£wsa\ll. a "terested wrow. 6 Martil MartIl'1f!. Conversation 0 is about paying too fl'k. watchi1g Exercise 4 1 Do you lke tIJS rTIOIIie? 4 He owns I'M:) ca-s. 7 c. 2 had pa. 4 corwersa100 3 Exercise 5 1 False.d. 2 d. 6 True. 7 d. 10 became.~ Exercise 2 1 d. 6 discipWned. 7 True. 5 ~ 6 a. 5 lor. 7 rising. 2 interest 3 SU'P'ise. 14 Unit 2 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Down: 1 alford. 8 True Exercise 4 l a 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c .7. 8 rose Exercise 2 1 negatIVe. 3 True. waithg. 11 caIed Exercise 3 Ie. S like. 9 progran. 2 is annoying. Sa. S False. 5 conservative. 8 speaker 4 T262 . 5 ooJd. 6 SErious. 7 st •. 8 ():Ies this Exercise 3 1 Are. al nne o'clock Exercise 5 I C. 4 gave. S TM Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l allactment. 8 ta1ing Exercise 2 1 amm. 4 conservative. a allach'nenl Exercise 3 I looked. 6 appealing. 6 hactl'\.tl fly. 6 1wish I hadn't eaten so rructl! 7 If crit I had lislened in SChool. 7 ~ed. lb. 7 I believe you den'. 4 opened.. 4 dIAl.. 7 Wus.!thy.Idl /c( a bad ~ ieI 'Ce. know ead'I other. 7 expressions. 7 bored. 5 are. 3 True. 4 True.Workbook Answer Key Unit 1 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 tie. 6 interest 7 St. 3 1Ned.!. 3 Have you seen Mile yet? 4 The gossp has just started. SQ: 3 know. 8 b Exercise 6 2. 2 i. 2 proof. 7 asked. 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 8 I have neyer heard aJYIhilg so Exercise 2 1 's doing. a tcng time. 6 already. 4 Martin Martinez. 6 i'. 11 generous.Z. 8 hadn't argued Exercise 4 I !Uprise. 7 L 8 b - Exercise 6 1 COIl'o'eI'SaIoo 2. 9. 2 was. 9 e>!pIaned. 8 conversatoo. 8 irritatng. 2 True. 3a. ConversatlCtl Eis about someone's Exercise 7 1 True. 5 doY. 2d. 6 radcaI. 12 know1edge. 3 Qlit.oersaIion 4. waste: 5 1'111: 6 borrow: 7 sperd. 7 False. 6 Exercise 4 SfnpIe past: yesterday.Tioad.4tl. 4 SU'pi:se.6. 4 recently. 2 a. 8 scaed Exercise 2 1 used to take. 8 just Exercise 4 1. 8d Exercise 6 1 crine. 40.4. 2 True. 8 sh::e Exercise 2 For: 25 years. II crash.. S weren1 used 10. 4 was used to. 8 True. 8 calls Unit 2 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I I wish I were lamous. 9 a1traction Exercise 4 1 False. 6 receipt. stlXlying. 2 used la. 2 speaker 3. 6 False. 3 cn. 82. 5 speaker 4. eiglt r'I'IhJtes Since: 2003. a j. 10 b Exercise 3 I ever. PatA. 10.

5 passive. 6 S\Ke Exercise 6 Across: 4 garbage. 3 IS visitng. 11 pursue. 4 NC. 7 a 8 e """ Exercise 3 l E. 6 have been e)l8CUled. a L Exercise 4 1 is gcW'Ig shopping. 2 A. 4 In spite 01. 4 MageIarl. 3 B. 8 sc:i. 4 Eriksson. WOl. S is going to. chocolate.. 6 True. 7 rave. 3 inOk. 9 have corne. 4 hadn't been. 4 ~. 3 L. 10 not have been Exercise 3 The secood. 2 D. 13 select.JIne. 6 FCWl. 3 a. 14 myth.. 6 wi. 7 C..a. a f Unit 4 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 WOUd see. d 1 are going: 2 Unit 4 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 a'e going to. 7 False. 2 Columbus.. 16 offshoot. 9 ig1ote. Cervantes.p 11 the magi.6. 5 False. 8 b. 5 Vespucci. 3 d. 5 c. 3 have beefI sold. 4 a. 8 MageIan. 10 mabie Exercise S 1 FaJse.10 """" _ -J _ . 6 a Exercise 4 Patien::e 3. 2 but then ~ you are a Potter far'!. 6 is going sYNmlilg.9 . wouldn't have become. 5 Eri<sson. 6 ~ 7 b.rrtJus. 4 are beng printed: 5 ts beng written: 6 be banned. 7 False Unit 5 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 Unit 6 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I passIVe. 14 aspire. 5 not have been. W(:Mjdn't have desigled: 7 haoo't foond.p a friend~. 'Jitarni1s. 4 SlI'PI1Si'Ig. 3 1OQ1lfident. 10 would help Exercise 2 1 9. 15 moIat. 6 c " 'Unit 7 Lesson 1 Unit 5 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 ' ~ 2~ 3a 4l 5~ 6~ 7 ~ 8e Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l L 2 a. 7 tend. Exercise 4 I False. 10 counterpart. 2 f\C. S you see. 3 a. 4 a. 2 wiI. rT'O'I9y 2. 2 A. 3 Not mentioned. do4ng Exercise 6 1 B. 8 True Exercise 4 1 ~ 2 a. 7 ~. woojdn't have invented: 5 had been. 6 jaw. 5 True. 7e. 3 wanted. 4 vitamins. 7 9. l b. 4 B Exercise 2 1 horror stOfY. 10 c 9 a. 7 bor'rt. 2 d. S iltentlOn. 6 mask. 9 9. 2 h. 12 cohabit. 2 c. 6 a leaves: 3 Ate. 3 arrangen"I9'lI. 9 Not mentioned. 3 eyelids. 3 ~ 4 l 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 5 L 6 C. 13 creek. 3 Shakespeare. 7 overweig1l. 2 c. 4 wmkIed. 6 hQnest. 8 c. 6 False. 3 NeY8I1he1ess. a prediCted Exercise 6 Across: 1 urban. l C. made: 4 had. 5 b. Exercise S Exercise 4 l b.re. 12 tlstori<n.8. 8 have protected. 4 absolutely. 7 c. 6 marry. 9 ~abIe . l b. 8 Unit 6 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 C. l poetry. trust I. have become Exercise 6 1 pericIil. 3 a.7. potatoes: 4 circulation. Exercise S 1 CoUOOus. 2 g. 2 radilm. 6 actIVe. S is going to. 4 C. B silcefa. 3 True. 5 detective Exerci se 2 I B. 6 h. 8 but for thJse ~ caugh1 !. Exercise S 1 C. 8 However. 1a romantic. 2 A!tt'ough. Exercise 4 . 9 True Exercise 5 I shotjd be banned. 5 hoOOld. 4 False. 4 g.llCed Unit 7 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l b. third. 9 Colntlus 9 iltention Exercise 2 1 0. 2 True. l False. 10 a Exercise S l d. respect I. 7 is going to. 5 evm thoug/1. 2 True. 10 True Exercise 6 l a 2~ 3a4a S~ 6~ 7a8b . chOCoholiC Exercise 3 l D. 2 a. 3 have been. 5 A 6 F.4. you wonl nm. 5 aW!(j. 4 JX>1. 7 were filled: a has. 2 L. wouldn't have struck. 7 is meetng G Exercise 3 1 f. 3 1. 8 had faJen out Exercise 2 I b . 7 Eriksson. SC. srnilat age 4.vse. Exercise 6 I b. 4 False. 4 C. 2 SlJUCk !. 8 a. 5 fat.5. 3 Magellan.n::h. 6 True.Jd have. 7 was shown. a sense of tvnor 2.aDng series. 4 True. 6 calories. 6 <M'Tocgement. 2 b. 2 A. 4 penci. 6 C ""'" Down: 2 reserrtie. 7 definite planllO. 4 a. 3 E. 6 protective. 2 True.~ _ _ _ ~_ T263 . 2 ~ l a 4 ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 a 8 a 9 b.<>s<Ys Exercise 2 1 have written.leaVng: 0 6 does. 4 have been. 6 e Exercise 2 1 protejn. 3 best friend. 2 have written. 4E. fifth Bf1d eighlh sentences are correct. a Vespucci Exercise 4 1 b. 3 and the photography~. 10 d Exercise 3 1 IS tne latest n this arr-. 3 1rne.3. 5 a 6 a 7 a. 2 e. taken: 5 had. Exercise 5 1 hadn't started. 6 e Exercise S 1 Well. 7 gadget. 9 slave. 9 am going to visit. 6 plastIC. 7 Mll!l!!igent. 5 True. 4 is goog to. 2 b. 2 Su'e.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 3 1 defme plarVroutne. 2 Eriksson. 6 oo. 3 non· fiction. 8 ten. 2 True. 10 e 4 ll\entlOl1. 7 active. 6 Vespucc:i. 3 h&aHhy. 3 ~ 4 l S ~ 6 h. S YCUlQ viewers mIQh1 find paris of the movie rather fnghlerWlg. 3 lfflWgetened. 4 b. Exercise 4 l c. S didn't go to. 2 <M'T~. 4 d. good at tiStenng 3. 2 wrote. Slbstance: 2 calories. 6 meIar'd'oIy. going to watch: 4 is goilg 1 cal: Sare. 4 9. 7 met. mreais. a optimi:itic.'. attacked: 6 had lailed: 7 had made.YI. 5 d. 8 fiber Exercise 5 l d. 6 b Exercise 2 . 2 bushy. 10 are. 7 F.10 Exercise 3 t False. 6 i. 2 k:rve story. 5 j. Exercise 6 1 False. S are reading. 5 dshwasher. 8 c Exercise 1 I C. 5 a. 7 Mhough.b. 4 b. 3 1. 9 bait. 3 ~ 4 a . 2 are haWlg k.IIcn'. a False. 2 c. 5 ~ 6 a 7 h. 5 True. 8 passive Exercise 2 1 was written: 2 are rsoc!: 3 were sold. 2 trend. 3 C.3. c: 3 C. 16 1 had been travetng: 2 had been Io<lkng: 3 had. 5 e. l . 6 Cok. 7 have had. Unit 5 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 d. start: 7 starts: 8 are going. a False. 9 h. 15 Mlsist. unheaHhy. Despite. t 8 tradrtiOnal Down: 1 react. 5 el\troverted. woUd have died: 8 hadn't inve1ted.. S tar·wealhe' friend. 17 postt. 9 Nevertheless. 11 biography.5 c. 6 There IS also some ~ acthg. 7 ltao/. 3 Columbus. a tore. 7 a 8 b Exercise 4 2. 5 a Exercise 4 I balar'ced diet 2 protel1. 10 "". 5 b. 2 H. 10 Although Exercise 3 l a. 8 arrMgE!ITIent. 2 a. 6 i. would have been: 3 hadn't flown. 2 died. 6 In spite 01. 3 !T<JVl1Y. 3 ~ 4 ~ S c. 2 a 3 ~ 4 a .. 3 active. been annot.7. 2 had lived. 2 g. SIfT'i(I' tastes 4 Exercise 6 2. 4 should be released. 3 D Exercise 3 1 d.5. 4 SCience flC tlOr1. 7 h. 9 saw. 5 A Exercise 4 1 acawniC. 3 True. 4 are playing terris. 4 D.- Exercise 5 I oval.:ate. "'" Exercise 3 1 make new friends. 2 passive. 3 Wll . 4 True. cartdlydrate.5. 4 passive. l a 4 l 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 e 4 detJJaQding. 4 a. 7 1eadng the~. 10 dr<rnatic. 6 are wailing. 2 ~ul. 5 bal. 6 a. wouldn 't have left: 6 hadn't made. 8 is going to Exercise 2 2. 4 For ttose of you who h special ellecls. 8 a Exercise 3 I CoUnbus. 7 True.

3 do you. 7 Few. 3 waist. 3 ccqdina:tOl. S yoo begrl deti1g you CM never Slq>! A worryilg ttKlutjlt lor m<W'Iy ~. 8 drains Exercise 2 1 ~ 2b.. 9 difference Exercise 3 1 10 meet. 3 c. 911".7. 6 telling. 3 ~ 4 l 5 h. 5 The man. 4 The woman.. 4 Sane. 6 dizzy. 2 cIefJ:lir). 8 &xne.. 6 reuse. 3 askilg. 3 ought to be n::teased. 6 spatial. 4 cIleckrlg. 2 how ~ tmgs people together. Speaker 3 alcohol. 6 asking. 5 Ill§(l1EII'izil.. 2 c. 12 pi'npIy 9 c. 2 wit find. 8 a Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 has. 10 Exerc ise 5 1 ~ 2 d.QgrWtive.I6l!lliIi!le!: of ic:e=qeooJ? 8 A 1<aIl. 3 70%. 7 The man. il today's society. 2 to pass. 8 calf """'" Unit 9 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 9 a1i:itic.j.. And. 7 ~ 8 a Exercise 4 1 abilitY. 3 to. 7 obesity. 2 in order 10. Speaker 4 srnoki'v...jlt to pay. 5 True. 3 10 do..sf maga2i'Ies. knew Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 so that. In fact. 9 askilg.tb:. 2 wrist. sperd ahlost len times !'I'ICftl on deti1g II'm they do on make-~ IW"Id other beauty products. 6 why ~ is so impOrtant to wil.. S hall. 5 the worna. 7 b. This CIbsessm does nO: m. 7b . 1 b. 4 go. 5 b many rea5CIlS It! p€q)Ie W<I1Mg IQ lea'n a. 3 defrirog. 6 ~. 6 what. 5 g. 3 how you spend your money. 2 asking. 6 being. 3 h. 7 telling. Men. 6 a lot 01.. 4 b.tlen you start eatng agail. 7 True. 5 & 6 a. 8 asking. 7 n ordef \0. 5 c.. 6 definng Exercise 2 1. 10 h Exercise 5 mage has t!lwiJys t'oeewl ifl1n1ant. 2 the man.. 2 arguing. 5 can be clone.11 women sperd a lot on ciothes Md jev. 3 True..a1t1 a~of ~ 6 We!ii::t two ca100s 01 iI. 8 doing. 7 pay. 10 very ittkI Exercise 5 1 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. Exercise 6 1. 6 tape.. 8 True Exercise 5 1 watching. 6 faucet.5. 2 'MIat.. 8 So lhal T264 """ . 4 hygiene. 8 'Nhere Exercise 2 1 why I like SOCC8f so 1l1\. 8 knees Unit 10 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 drinkable. 9 True. 4 We. 6 COOling. 5 He.. 2 isn't he.toer1 you stM cielilg.g. 3 Not Ef1OIJI'}1." Unit 9 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 definr. 4 mnP<llhize. 5 f. 10 waitng Exercise 4 1. 2 a. 8 dink. 3 e>:pectancy. Exercise 5 1 c. 3 The woman. 7 ~led. 2 goilg. 7 Where. 4 a. 10 ablties Exercise 5 1 inlelgence.7. 8 . 7 1%. 7 Exercise 6 Speaker 1 obesity. 2 assessing. 7 ~ 8 ~ory """" Exercise 6 Across: 1 shil. 2 anorexia. 8 g Exerci se 2 1 QaoI~atooof~? 2 How CD!&lJ is that ~ of ~? 3 ~ me the jar: of!:l!loe'i. 4 ron. 6 in~. 2 a.rmtiaI art. 2 l1:1derstand. 8 artistic. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 4 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ' Unit 8 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 how. 3 raIaxng. 9 shoUdn't pay. 9 ~. 10 shoUd'l't be W Exercise 4 1 & 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c.. Exercise 4 1 {. 3 True. 5 how he won thai race.3. Exercise 3 1 4 2~ 3& 4~ 5l6~ 7. 6 to meet. 5 a Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 tying. 6 ~.II:l!l mage tIJaI many ~ martial arts have. 2 Not Efn. 4 b. especiaIy at nigtlt.7. 7 False. 3 Exercise.6. 7 dleatng.AJ\t'oou. women in the U. 3 essence. 4 the man. 4 geninQ.7. 6 " order 10. 10 doesn~ she Exercise 3 2. 9 watching. 9 C. 4 in order rot 10. 2 Not mentioned. 4 sholJd be erwxuaged. 10 . In fact.. 4 abiities.jlt to be W.6. 2 True. 8 The man... 6 sholJd try.. 3 comersatiOn 5. 8 Unit 9 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l c. 5 smoki'Ig. 10 watch Exercise 2 2. 5 abdomen. )'CU' txx:ty records tt'is.:ritest ~seIf in the pdlxes in IfEI"ti 01 the r.8. 7 head. ITlO!e aD!:! more people feet IbaI they need ~ able lQ protect themselves ~ walki'lg ak:lng streets.S. 6 a. 11 obsession. 4 exaggerati1g. 7 IXIbaarable. 6 started. Ten times the 8(J)()U')\I .!iI. the probjem is that most of these diets dor1'l \YOI1(.6.6.. 4 toes. 7 rage. 3 so that 4 in order 10. 3 the woman. 6 d. 2 Pri'lg. 7 what is reaItt i'npc:rlant. 8c Exercise 2 3. 3 defeaI.1!ecCt seen. 2 waitng. 3 a. 3 fM:J:y. 8 so that Exercise 3 2. 6 Not enou. 8 getting. . 2 sholJdn1 be aIowed.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 5 1 ~ 2~3~4L 5~6~ 7a 8~ 9 b. 5 runericaI. 5 stay. 5 True. and ODe that is corrmon amoog women. 4 detmmination. 2 c. 5 imagination. 3 i.7. 2 so that. 7 arEW'I 't they. vas txx:ty begI'ls to store some 01 the foOd as fat () order to OO'I"pEII'lSate fOr !he next tine yoo starve~! So. B e.J'lt spent on keeping thin. 2 bocke's.8 Exercise 4 ~ Exercise 4 1 I.8 Exercise 3 1 The man. 7 a Exercise 6 1 heel. 7 choose. 7 our. 6 True.3.n. 4 conversatkln 3. 3 a. Ill: first Q{ these ~ dyrmic nature Qj most martial arts. 7 supply.0I ~~. 1m secood reason. 8 the man Exercise 4 1 False.10 Exercise 4 1 dlecki'lg. 5 Seme.5. 3 telling. 3 is being rnported. 10 c Exercise 2 1 ¥eIl't you. 5 capture. 5 have you.ja?. 3. 7 the worna. 4 Vfrf ittkI. 9 slave Down: 1 SCEI"aio. 3 (iStuTtliog. Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 see. 5 So as not to.. 10 faHgue. 5 rvt. 9 to let. 4 why. II.rt f'XIYI8days it seems to be CW'I obsesso'l. 8 ~ . 6 the man.§ a~. 8 teli'lg Exercise 2 1 tyilg. I:!ut two reasons n most corrm::n. 2 mcmentlITl.. 6 protect. Speaker 5 lack of exercise. but in the h..t:l!lOO.4. !he dtr'Iger is that cnce Exercise 5 1 inJected. 10 Exercise 3 1 anemia.6 Exercise 3 1 the man. 7 steali'lg. 7 to. 3 bald. 8 our. 5 rrus!n" du'rlp.j.10 Exercise 5 1 conversation 4. 5 a g'EIaI deal 01. 9 Unit 10 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 b. 4 a. 10 False Exercise 6 1 shot. 4 depression. 4 have a. 9 favorite. 5 c:ooversatiOn 2 Exercise 6 1 b. 5 copying.3... 4 Fatse. 2 ~tial . 9 nauseated. 5 diSOfder.5.as.3 ~ 4 & 5 & 6 b.. fHlicIJar. 2 stress. 2 <XlrT'QIiIliIor. 3 dissmlinate. 7e. 4 False. Exercise 3 1 rnusI be. 3 why. 2 d.5. 6 soong. 6 isn~ ~. 8 watching.. 2 The WOfl'\af1.nat I dislike about boxing.7. 6 ~ 7 e. i:l. 5 lush. 3 shortage. 2 captiJed. 6 ankle. 6 In order to.I!1J.tI. 5 assessing. 5 <r1"IOIXIt. b. 4 whal we need to think abOut.n. 2 conversatOl l . 8 don't they.oofirMg. 8 a Exercise 3 1 Waading. Then. 7 chec:kt1g. 5 t'oN. 6 J.d1. 7 'MIa! lIIr&lr: is that . INs <YTIOUlt is stil cdy a Itrd of the amot. 9 vital. 10 C Exercise 6 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6L7~ 8b Exercise 2 1 (] order to. 5 so that. 9 haven't you. 7 dsciminate. 5 Checkilg. 5 ctronic..a means Q! self-defense. 6 True. 2 SIMlraI.n::Ireds of dets that n a'QlJ"Ij WId the (rl'IOU'1\ of ~ spEWlt CIl them. rn. 7 Seme. Speaker 2 stress. 4 can'l you. am attracted .. 5 ron-<lefrilg. mther tube of toothpaste. 5 to meet. 4 C. 8 indigestion. 3 dscredited. 4 'Nithoul.. 4 to call.. 8 False. 8 ~ Exercise 5 1 Fasa. 8 bacttm arose. 4 drop. 4 determirW'lg. 6 the woman.'e/fy. 4 evasion. 4 expression..". The reason fOr 1M is that . 8 turned. 10 responsible Exercise 4 1 twdy 001.

2 ~. 3 1'101es. 15 a1d awam. 6 Not StnI. 10 d Eltercise 6 Across: 1 dynamic. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 c . 12 spring. thus aeating a mocIern day Frari<enstein Exercise 4 1 h. Unit 12 Lesson 2 Eltercise 1 l d. 3 jarme. 7 wasn't: 8 didn't taste: 9 COUldn't help: 10 were tryilg Exercise 5 Across: 2 Iremeodous. 8 cope Exercise 3 1 take. 5 get. 2 a 3 c. Scientists have t!e!i:a already ctoned rrioe and /rogs. 2 En'llhabC. 6 True. g 3.tI be very good for tis english. 6 False. 8 £W:Iity. 7 Bad. 'Nhat frigltoos many people is the dea that SOO'leCIOe rniglt 10 cIeci:Ie to clone a complete person. 8 mirror. 9 optiOn. 8 watched.. 4 end. 9 d. 5 i.S. I tlWi<: it's inportant for young people today to realize how useful rt can be to speak another language. 9 Have. 10 True 4 program. 7 ero. 5 provocative. 8 wOOd have. 6 gMlIiI a-cade. I have a few questiOnS I'd like to ask you. 2 begffiing. 7 0.. 4 overt. J. 8 a. 4 reviewi'lg. 2 True. 5 ~ 6 g. 3 hadn't been. 7 ~ 8 a . or Sritaf1? If I were you. 5 O:Iicating. 5 ~.ether he'd Mke to spend a lew monthS in the U. 6 d. This is a diff\cutt questiOn. 17 Sl. 5 weaknesses. c 2. 2 forget. 9 wiI watch. 2 True. 10 prevent Exercise 3 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5 ~ 6~ 7 a8~ Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 l a 2~3a4a 5a6a 7 a80 9. 4 ~. 3 True. 10 0 Exercise 6 1 movie. 3 A. 3 be suffering. 5 Neutral. 3 decade. 5 Good.ood be. 9 QeSlicides. 7 eigibIe. 9 c. d 8. seen. 9 Text B. 4 QQil1Iess. 4 a. buI these were . 5 beg~. 3 Illlake. 6 cast members. produced. 9 True. 4 will. 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 a. 10 Emphatic -key T265 . The abi1y to cIcne using DNA leads III to many posslJiIiIies. 4 True. 7 False.KVive. 2 e<mem.t. b S. exam. 8 Bad. 3 dump.2 ~ 3 c. ~ co. 4 have beccme. retake. read: 7 have been planning. 5 toss. 9 """"" Exercise 3 1 griwing stuff. 9 False.7. Not ooly dkl Daly take after her biological mother. monster. 10 ~tant Exercise 2 1 games. 10 have heard Exercise 5 1 False. 4 lot . 7 t 8 c Unit 11 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 a 4.". 7 'd have bWght. 7 cidn't have. 2 ~.. 13 melt. 3 Not StnI. 5 had. S frished. 8 forget. 4 Good. or Britan. 8 TI\I8 Exercise 5 Dew Juan. 3 Neutral. 10 False Exercise 2 1 have viSited.. 6 WOIJd have taken. 4 ability. 7 slop.m from embryos. 8 Climate. 2 e. 7 been waitilg. 2 B. 41. 2 has asked. 2 haal't seen. 7 sitcom. 3 end. somewhere like the U. 12 fossil. 5 False. 9 C. f 5. 6 have. 3 don't stop. 6 inspect. 7 ~ Exercise 3 1 begiri'lg. 6 enter. 8 WQIjd have been . 6 variety. 3 d. haven't had. 3 True. 2 con!imf\ated.n son and find out v. 4 watched.7. 4 ~ 5 a . 8 reality Unit 12 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 f. 2 pass. 4 prtne-time. 7 have Idled. take P1I1 Exercise 3 1. I tq:le ~ acMce ~. 8 Text B. 8 True. 5 False. 4 False. Is 'fOOl son interested in learning English? Has yoot son evet' been to an EngliSh speaking COlI"Itry. and one that I've been asked before. 2 would-be.. they accomplished what many had thought was an iT1possib1e. 9 Good. 10 sUI. 2 dr<rna. 3 False. 10 Text A Exercise 4 When sdentists. Eltercise 2 1 made.10 9d Exercise 2 l a 2 ~ 3 a 4 d. 10 grades Eltercise 4 1 True. 4 ~ 5 d . 9 take. 16 lush.4. 5 have risel. 6 D!![VOUS. 6 been taI<ng. 7 irrlI:!Bltng. 5 has dreamt. 10 snapshot. 4 hal/9 knOwn. 7 e. "'" Exercise 3 3. 8 0 Down: 2 comI:>I'latiOn. Exercise 4 1 Bad. 2 Good.6 c. 9 would. 3 contermcng. 6 WQIjd have watched. 5 cassette recorder. 17 tricky Exercise 4 1 has been going.. 3 quiz. 4 ~iIizer.5. 8 True. 6 CheCkng. 3 promise.x1y lor use in operations. 18 flood. 6 c. 7 False. 8 begi'ri'lQ Exercise 4 l treatng. These range from being ate to save II:!l: ~ species to reprOO. 5 compost. 2 would. 3 pressIXe. 3 g-ade. 2 pres&n!. I'd tal< to y. 2 be wcr1Ii1g. 3 seen. COfTllIeled: 6 . 'Nhat it made DoIy such a t:reakt1Tou!tl was thai she was ctoned form the DNA 01 an adult. 4 ca<eEr.dlg ~!lLorg<ns Unit 11 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 buy. 7 Text A. Exercise 5 l d .S. 12 scarce. 6 a 7 ~ 8 ~ 5 watched. 3 j. 2 g. 3 sirTlJIe. 8 Emphatic. 9 slum. 10 IiIter.5. especiaty English. 3 had. 11 donilg. 4 Errp'laoc. 7 amou'll. 6 retake.. 15 grade. 9 1mes. 8 accepI. 2 been recording. 5 were. 10 9 Exercise 5 l a. 14 onine. she was n fact a carbon copy QI_ CIorWlg of a bit more limited sort has been around lor years. 4 enriCh. 5 11!:&Lish.I}dant. 6 Neutral. 3 has beer'! tryilg. e l. 4 False. h 7 Exercise 2 1 seen. 6 True. 16 PtJ"nal. 6 be using.4. 11 ntensify. 14 estimate. 10 Bad Exercise 5 1 exam.Q'Jt from ScotlWxl created a sheep named dolly. 19 modify Down: 1 genes. 6 certificates """"'. 6 spendng. 4 viSited. wished. 10 wOOd yOJ have . 5 False. 5 h. 5 sette. 4 sI'IOUd be. 6 eoo.. 9 Neutral.10 Exercise 5 l D. 13 lack Exercise 2 1 fa!. 8 be Exercise 4 1 wasnt 2 had conduCted. 7 graduated. 2 False. 7 switch to. 7 8 forgm Exercise 3 1 True. 7 True. 4 C Eltercise 6 1 waste. Unit 11 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Neutral. 7 Errp'latiC. 5 news. 6 geaetiCS.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 2 1 ab.

Garmoo Frieda KahlO Y Galderon .:s an tnJSUaIlliIIIl!I. a bJs acOOIn on her W'i# home fn:m sctcd. Unit 2 Track 5 In F~ 20:13.by her stLder1ts. to shcm her YOk n a Sln8aist embfuI. So whiCh ones do )'(Xl thilk we should send? wen we can't send the red When Grace McBride died. which one's GIeg? O'I! Wei. YeOO! Well my dad's illO jazz. worth that muct1. <V1d he borrOwed ~e Track 11 1 Do you have a cell phone? 2 How tong have you had yCIl. reaIy ike it.? ~didyouw:yrullillIl!l Mel rTlISS8d tIYae yea-s 01 school. 12. n Track 9 A Sat{s getti1g nmied again.. 00.She dropped the "e' from Frieda 11 about 1935. Her II1ai ~ance n p. what aboot the yf!kIN B I'm not SlXa. B Yeah. I don'.Jse 1'1 a Slb. the rT"II:Me "Ffija' . 1954. then. No. B CtI SOtry. A I passed the exam.dl 01 Mtm:o Track 8 A A So what happened? B Wei. By 1938. C A So. I Tha.t1y'S She CtI. I A Prid You have to be jokng. A """" B weJ. Audloscript . It's """. was released.:mge withOut ycu cell phone? How often do you text yCIl.. 4 B No! Reatt? A B Yes? A ThIs soup is realy not hot B A B 2 A So. wei 11 have it n I was named altar Sime Holiday. no! He has realy lair skirt He doesn't have a tan al aiL 1'1 introduce you whoo I see hill." 3 """"". Grace. "'" 4 Were you I1lIIIilld aftar~? Wba1 does ~ n::mJ. 00. I ctiiI: """". e And what does MarisoI mean? A It me<ns"SlIYJy sea" i1 SpMsh. She I'lE!YEI" spent <ny money Md was Mvays weaing the same cbIhes. sorry. a local resident. 2 7 8 B Realty? A Do you want to know my 3 B Not rea/tt. AI. her family was n for a so. A Great haifcuI. ¥TfW<l'f.. it's not bad.. get it. Mel she was to ive (II her ife there. ived alone WIth her five cats n an old house n the loYII'l 01 f'. black Of \'<'hite? B White. Does he have a 1M? Oh. A can I get ycu a drn<.was tot by her father a few ye. B When? A He's almost 60.IaI name. B Stop shouting.8lIe House .1 rigtlt away. I get twice as Il1Udl as before.. but my friends call me A 'Wtry not? B WeI.wei. Oh I know who you me<Yl he's the one with the amazh'J green eyes... How would you like yw coflee.lced to [)ego RrMa Md mcrried hm 111929.. later. 2 My I!if!l!:IS call me SIll.11 1922. she gave her date of birth as 1910.odesI . I'd have to S<l'J fm probably one of the best C 'Ntr{s that firrly? B Because I'm neither and.. In fact tt'e{re real)' dcr'k brown. A VIIho's he? C Not "he" Bilie Holiday was a A 3 A A B ""'. she dOO at the age d 47.I' V8f\j funny because it means "dark and rict1". Some hiStorians think she did this as rt was also the yeat of the Mexican E 3 Track 1 A B A """"'00. B Qh. 8 lottery creda we shoJd send the yellow ones. please. A M::l he dktl'l? B No. A No. I cal't lnagi'1e haw people B C A C -' was? I'm Actiana. starTing actress SaIrna Hayek. il my cowlry.Workbook Audioscript Unit 1 Track 2 A Hi! I'm MarisoI.1ved i'l the past without them. they're A Look. A That's OJIrageotJSl H's not 7 8 Do you use yru eel phone a lot? Does anything annoy)'(Xl about ceA phones? 'Mlat's the most aTOYf'9 thtlg about eel phones? I WWd you be ate to m. "M<r" is ·sea" and "sol'" IS 'SIJl".. I can take pictlJ"ElS. A No.. 1'1 get you MOther bov.:rs before she was born. but Maybe. Ka'*l was ~ .h:I'les! I c:otttl't lM:! 'MthoIJ mi'le. A No! A Have yoo heard the news? B Wllat news? A Jack and Mgeta have spI~ cp...I'ld mrr.9'l1 att Md was given the rane "Los FridQs.". I don't wa'1I to SOI. B a-.eN YO!\!. Maile. B No way! A Look! IS(1"\ that Brad Pitt? B Yeah! """'" "'" """. way! H wasn't worth ElYQ"'I hall 01 that. A So. how was the date? B AasastB'. A wt»ch of these cups is YOOO. Bile! Thai's M IAISI. A And the mooey? B Well.' Track 6 GalS in the cash Unit 3 Trac k 10 on! I hate them. play ganes. A WeI. Frida KahlO was born on July 6". 2 Cell a:.xprise. B So ycu WOlUl't go agatl. B A How rn.P a reputallCI'l atWld the wor1d <n:l traveled to f'. C No. AncIl'm Bile. Mile? B What 00 you mea-I? 1925. So" these.rrl\s.. isnl it? A weJ. aI I want is peace and qu~t. she bec<me sick Mel was diagnosed as suffemg frool polo o 2 6 7 8 """". ~ the 194Qs. hOw good are yoo? B WeIA. caIed Gasa Aru . But v. -~ eatne as a shock. A Come on.I' eel 4 5 6 """" . A WrJ. we have to . B They're not pink. I bought this lantastic phooo last week. She was ctYisteoed Magdalena.H's great.. thaI's actually his t:ro!her Sirnc:wl. B """" A I'm I"IaW1g a party. The year after Itis.I' eel phone? 3 INhen did you buy yCIl. sir. A No way! B Wllat do ycu mean? A I'm not gcWIg. H realty annoys me whM someone's eel phone goes off 11 a teS\alnnt (X whM ycu're tablg to them.e. the age of seven. wtTt WCUd I want a eel phone? I don'. 1907 n her pamt's ho. when she entered the Natiooal pr-epiM"atory school. And wtlen I go on v~tiOn .1'1" Of "Stmy" and my parents decided 10 call me Sol. 8 Y~! -. 4 00 you 1M you' QiIDIl:7 5 It's pretty Q.tlt 3f'd day. Mel even su1 the internet . The acOOIn almost proved fatal <n:l certarlj chaflged her iIe. The f. """" 2 3 "'" Track 7 4 SI.chez. that's nw. wei! All the cheaper stores were closed. B Amazing! A We're goilg to Florida. he has bkn:l t\ai'. Track 12 1 """'" A So. 'M'Iat's y<:u A Well. B Wei..eN Haven. so B 01! MIne's the bUl one. 2 3 4 5 B lIh. 6 Unit 4 Track 13 1 A I ive JUSt around the COfT)9(. !hey Oscovered she was worth over S20 milliOn <V1d she had left ~ aI to her catsl RaU Sar.XD[[l!. I was B I stJ don'. C famous? She was a jaZZ ~ from Amo'ca. she tat. come on! H's orty lor a day. but let's say I'm the arty person t kI1O'N who can do it. Miana? Do you know what it B -""""" Yes.dI? B FIVe tuJdred doI<r. """ """" t~ ye'IcN one. she was ntrOO. B What did you say yru name Marisol.ri1g a demcI'lstra\k:l'l against the overthrow 01 PreSIdeflI M)enz of Gwtemala. ctoog'og the spelling to F-R·I-D-A.like 5 6 7 4 """"" receipt _hy ""'. said. wartt ~ to be ate to conta:t me ni.!l i'I my Qty.lU1. B on! I'm sorry.t nor? It's such a beaulmJ ~'s B pretty CXlI1ll'01 Track 3 1 l'baI. ~ was alter this acddent that she started paio:1ting. Gteg has da1Ier eyes than twn. 3 00 you I!ailtt what you IiIDIl . A Wtr{! 'Mlat happeMd? B I've never met a'1)'OfIe IKe hin. B Agai1! A I saw Matk yesterday.bIic was <1. red is rcmanti::. When Glace's !emit saw her wiI. how's the rew.. B on! OK.. Seven dayS tater on »113. C M! What atxluI yw ncrne.. Sol means "$1. He 6'IEI'l made me pay for rT'ri diYler! A Hewhat? A Three hundred doUars.J'. I was expecling him to pay me back today. In teday's progral1 we're goilg to take a brief look al the ife 01this amazing woman.:b? B WeI. and ~ was tefflble. nvestment A B Wr'rf do \hey cal you Sol? A 'MlIn I was YIlllQ..:rit horne. Ka'*l was t:Uking I.

too? YoM Would you like to dance? To dance? Great party! them will get married in the next A few years.mbus was given a gift of cocoa beans. yes. rt's so funny. rather than a drink. INhat do you like eating? B Ah! A difficutt question. In fact. whch is added to take rmw the naturally bitter taste of cocoa. A Yep! B That's pretty funny. for example. fI. B What do you mean? A WeB. B N1CI another quality? A Sometl1ing you don1 have. I guess ~ I had to choose one thing. The ear1iest types of these didn't have arms. B Oh. most of the time the places he tanded on were islands . The first electric model wasn't invented until 1803. "'" by clothes makers and barbers. I've neve. 2 A So. The first model used gas for power. B Go 00. INhat do you like eating? B Well. rt would be fish . In Japa!1.. Mmrnmm . She likes going out to discos and he just likes a quiet time fishing.. Do you know John. SO the population won't grow as quickly as they think. So. That might be true. without a doubt.S. A But does that mean you onty eat vegetables? B No! In fact. A Why trust? B Well. especiaJ~ spaghetti with MaIch. Most people think 1JJal. they rested on the bridge of the nose. rt was easy! I dropped my purse and he helped pick up all the things. when people eat chocolate. what we know as Indonesia. 00w did you meet? Oh! Nothing unusual. we were at scho:xlI together. getting off. Leifwho? AudIoscript . but for me rt's pasta. But you might rot know that the Aztecs used to use cocoa beans as a kind of money.understood that why did he call them the West Indies? They're nowhere near India. It takes ~s name from Greek and means "far mushrooms. The first Track 19 1 A So. wel l. As many poisonous plants would normally be bitter. Most of my friends aren't married and I don't tl1ink any of ""'" B 4 A B A What do you mean? 01 course he did. A Very fulny. what makes chocolate so addictive is all the extra things that are added to rt . do you? A &lre. they feel happy and relaxed! One question I'm often asked is.es do you think are impJrtant in a friend? B Oh. Coh. A Columbus? You mean the glJ)' who discovered America? B Yeah! Except he didn1 discover A """"". 8 This was in~ented by a Norwegian clerk named Johann Vaaler.. Well. on one of his voyages to the Americas. A I was working as a waitress in a restaurant and I spilled SOUp over this man. was the inventor of this technology and Faraday later used the idea. Track 21 A Hey Jane. It is useful fOf writing and drawing and can be erased very easily. Wow! But still. B Yoo don't believe that.~ was really embarrassing. ~ has to be money. "He looks nice!' But if he was getting off. They were probably invet1ted in Italy. I think that's too big an age difference and they don't even ~ke the same things. They showed the birth rate and the increase in people 's life expectancy. I haven't really thought about it. B A Sure. A I've never understood 00w FIOI18 and Marl< can be such good friends. Columbus didn't realize that. They didn't have any A ""'" Unit 5 Track 17 1 John S. helping me to my feet . INhat are you reading? B I'm reading an arbcle aoout Columbus. 4 Marconi. Mike. what qualit. I thougtlt. One of the main ingredients is sugar. rt's no good if someone is jealous or if they don't respect you for who you are. Hyou can't take a joke. that's true. scientists have found that part of the cocoa bean contains a chemical that helps prevent tooth decay! N1CI in the U. """""'" B """"'". A So. then I wouldn't want you as a friend. but I don't like piZZa. Did you date at school? No! In fact I didn't ~ke him at all. Do you think fewer peope will get married? Sure. the real popularity of chocolate does not really come down to the cocoa itself. A But that's Italian. Absolutely! [interested] - Track 14 A So.none of them dangeroos. many of you will know that chocolate Ofiginally comes from Central i\merica. you talk enough.what he called the West Indies.. 3 Both Joseph Swan and Thomas Edison invented the electric version in t878. scientists in a number of countries have found that chocolate contains chemk:aJs that have benefrts. V'Illile we walk around the factory. B Oh! That one. FIOI18. B Morey'? A Come on! t'm joking. 2 William Cullen. No. B So? A Well. I'm a vegetarian so I don't eat meat. Probably not. ' Is chocolate good for you?' Well. he was the first European to reach America. but it doesn't mean that they won" have children. Originally rt was a triangular shape made of wire.he's OON your boyjriend. a piece of cheese is what I'd have as my comfort food. What about you. So. It wasn't until almost 100 years later that peope could buy one to keep their f()(Xj cool. Petey leBaron Spencer found that a chocolate bar that was in his pocket had rnej\ed while he was workilg with mK:rowave radiation. Sandra. 9 The modern ' lead' ~ersion was invented in England. ~ is very usefut for keeping pieces of pap9f together. 1876. I' ~ tel you a little bit about chocolate. B Well. Howe~er. Yeah. It wasn't unt~ the early nineteenth century that chocolate as a food. INhat do you like eating? B I guess I'm a litHe bit of a A How much do you eat eacll week? B Oh! At least a bar a day! A So. B Arld what 's that? A Patience. well. she's about 22 and he must be at !east 50. honor should go to Leit Eriksson.. t hasten to add. B [)on'.Workbook Audioscript 4 5 6 7 a A B A B A B A B A B I work in the travel industry. what do you like eating? B I guess I'm not like many A What do you mean? B Weil l don't really like chocolate. In fact. He went from door-to -door cleaning ~'s carpets. but they forgot to mention that fewer people are gening married and many are starting their families later. Of course. 10 This was invented by a secretary from Texas. interestingly. 00w Ioog have you known Jake? AtXlut seven weeks. how did you first meet? B Well. a Scotsman. but I still don 't think the workir. put rt this way. It was very popular as it was easy to correct mistakes. only made the idea popular. Miguel. B A Qualities of a friend? B Yeah! A Well. ten me . [)on 't you? B No. It oontained no lead and was given its name by mistake. 7 4 Track 18 1 protein /I chocolate II substance 2 calories II minerals IllIitamins 3 unsweetened II unhealthy II potatoes 4 circulation II carbohydrate /I -< Track 15 A A1l<Ji. Modern cross·blades are used 2 2 A B A B 3 """ 3 A B A B A 4 . =>d" This was inveflted by accider1t in 1946 when Dr. USA. A For me. lt was an invention with a bright Mure. I was running for the bus and A B tripped. A You wouldn 't believe how t met my boyfriend. but I'd guess I'd need them to be able to listen to me. AM' There he was. Do you? Do you like the party? Mmmmm. Chocolate also contains a natural "love drug" . of course. Thurman invented this in t899. people naturally have a ' sweet tooth' . they have found that eating chocolate helps fight heart diseasel 6 Earty versions of this were made from DOe piece of metal.ty favome food is probably Italian.g model was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in B Sure. trust. became popular. he thougllt he'd sailed around the world and reached the Spice Islands. Track 20 Welcome to Chox. No. N1CI 00w did you meet? I was waiting fOf a bus and there he was. A Isn't ~ incredible that the population of the world is going to double.Tryptophan. B 5 fXlPlI\ation wi~ daJbIe. who some people think invented this. Track 16 1 A So. Given the choice. did you see that show on TV last night? B What show? A The one about the world 25 years from now. 3 A B A B Sure they did. the biggest chocolate factory in the world.

she'. are yoo? No. the British • A WeI. A But StXeIy if 'PI're Iookilg at the 2004 Olympics. Woo! A Yeahllwl .rmg . the best part is trying to figure out who dunnit! UI'\Iess there's a good twist n the plot.nat about other fantasy books? Fantasy books have been arOO'ld lor many years.Workbook Audioscript B Leif Eri<sson.o.. 2 TNs man has an angular face. bot not all.. especially at night.. shl3'1 be so If you doo't. .. and the pictures just add to the whOle thir. Mom. k:lts. she'. Arnefica was named alte' the FIofentne ' " why? Because he was the Iirst person to re<ize that the Americas were no! pM 01 Asia and were. !hen I W<VlI it to make me 1aI. C School work! You're not lying to me. 01 CXlUfS& you s!'lotjj! A But d I do. ok then... I can't. A 'Nhal's the !1OOtest sporti1g moment for you. you stxJN me a woman • """"". whefe the man gets the WOIl"a"I n the end.RR TeoI<8l. is as a means 01 self-defense.a theme otten fOlIld illTl(l'l'J fantasy 000ks. n fact. I didn't.. The last tx:dI.. a separate cootflent.. A Vvhere did you get that? I"~. Ttfden created his own world. nol Oh. but so wi the men. 5 6 """.rnaMgt between good and eW . For me. nol 00. His ears stick out and his eyes are fairly dose- No..." Oh yea.' '>< coordinaton determination mesmeriZing . 2 3 4 Track Z1 AeoIy? """" • • """""' """""'''' """'. A &. so I stole it. No. can I go """"'" • • toJerny's? B Give me a good murder mystery Mf day. are anracted by the inage that many of the martial ats have. Tel her you're going to a frierd's to do eyes l. A Yep! Most. it 0:::000'.. Men. but two reasons are most common.nat was reaIy goot was the bok on tis lace after he'd won. but. more m more people leal that they need to be able to ~tect themselves when walking aIoo.g. get belter. Sh! Hyou don't ru~. be reaIy 8IYT'I with you. And there's that golfer .st doo't know WI Should tell her. the Ganacians were. A AAd why do we cal ~ Arnefica and not CoIumbusiand Of something? B WfA that's easy. 2 3 4 o 5 6 7 S 9 Mm"". this guy was my nineteen and he could easily be Fb. have been MaOOwe. and wizards. the limit's one box Mel one bottle. mom. have. but wtr{? They have great stories.. A Hey! Stop cheamg! A But 'PI're cheatilg. My mom won 't ~t has really deep-set A Come on.. Can I gJ? Tra ck 31 There are many reasons for people wanting to learn a martial art. A Are you coming to the party tcright? I can't.. It (3l'. She was oriy 14. The second reason. not an sports are about A Track 30 ""'"""" A Huh! That's not a real sport. I read was so ftroy it made me cry! Now that's what I caB good. everyc:ne knows that men <W& better at sp:::rtS than """'. many fantasy writers have tried to create eq. but the customs officer doesn't need to. Track 32 A HtJ1! Look at lt1is article hero.r1. ""'''' • • • or • • • strength. 'Nhat I loved was the look of astonishment on his face when he reaized what he'd dOlle. Unit 7 Track 25 TNs man has a pretty pk.. HaIry Porter has already exceeded The Lord of the Rings in one way . rigltt Yoo stole~. in particlJl<M'. ~ team wasn't the laYoriIe. So? If yw keep quiet.A@in. .. MiChelle Wei. Another woman darning she can c:orrpete against men. His ips ae vesy hAl 00t he has a Iaitt smaI rose. ~ has be Michael Phelps . 'Mlat's the point 01 reaOOg abou1 stull that iSn't even ~ NcrN. !-is Iorehead is klw and he has a nat some sctooI worK. 'Nhat? COlI"S9 it is. He has ttwl eyebrows abo\Ie i&'ge eyes. that's . No. Just Jnagine. The first 01 these is the dynarric nature 01 most nwtiaI arts. caIed Middle-Earth.eJt vMd Mel rea!isoc worlds. I dal't WMI to have to think \'He I'm reaci1g. E """'.and that is financiaJly. A WeI. Gymnastics. the best moment has to be Manhew" Pinsent winning his fro1h gold in four difftwent Olympics...qi... the best ItW'Ig is a good klYe story you know.mp face.:v1owe rni!1l1 h<MI been the real 2 3 4 -' My.ro cx:mpares Hogwarts with Midcle-Earth wi anger Mel outrage Ttfden fans. I think fflEIClng SI'IOUd be 10" learning..nat? A WfA.1l1 ~. Since Lad 01 the Imgs. The Lad 01 the Rings is about the age--<t:I battle Track 28 A IIo'1c7N Illi best Iriero's boyfrierd is SEOOg someone else. CXle of the best kNOwn is The Lord of the Rings by J. no? .? A WON! look at this j:tloto.man """.. 10 """"" -" _" 5 6 7 S - • """'. Md one wtictt is COI'T'lTlCtl 00"0I1Q women.. with races 01 00 own OIention. and she firds out you knew. Yoo won't tel anyone.. Pete? lkl1.ro can beat men at n. .. Wei. just sit back <V1d erPt it. A B """'" -~. A Yes. I know that. stronger ••• better. Surely I guess he may have..I streets. A 'Nhat with? Yoo're always 00rr0wing I"I"'O"le'I from me! WOO? A You know. 'MIat was anazing was the lac! that ~ team Oft. He was a Vi<ilg expk)rar 'AOO landed n C<nada arnost 5IXI yeas before CokJmbus set sal n the fifteenth centl.ming or boxilg 01 .. • • 2 • wiming his fifth gold medal of the 0I'ympic games in Athens. amazirlg cmracters.. Frst 01 aI he coIapsed Md then he cried his eyes out when he g:rt tis • . wi) yOOl A 'MIat are you going to do? AbouI.. C AnyItmg to declare? 4 Unit 6 Track 22 1 Do you think M. dwarves. He has a pointed nose and a prominent ctMn.but I hated the """"" ""'. 2 3 4 Track 26 A Don't be such a baby! Oh. no! just for ILnt People said I wcUd fYW' out 01 them. I txlught it.! won by less than taf a second. unbelievable! The team had so much stamina and det9l'1'l'Wlation . • • II's amazing to think that 5 Cervantes and Shakespeare migtlt have died on the same Track 23 A Fa 1M.re. I r. Tell me one that isn't. nobOOy wi know. A But that's not fair. She beat a load of men in a tournament. as wei as ffiCI1y traditional mythical races such as elves. But not I. H you ttri: atxJut ~..I'1II HatTy Potter has WI')'OOe managed to succeed.".what about PaJja Radciffe. But H I'm goi'Ig to read SClI'lleII'i'g. IItri.. I don't rdy have tine.. """"" AeoIy? Oh.. I think ~ COlJj have been de • • • • swm • • • "". you have !tYee Ixlxes 01 cigarettes Mel at least two bottles 01 whske. a biography ex a 000k about real events. bot not all.. rtMte(. the Bmish rna<alhon runner? She can beat most men in the marathon. In fact. after two iOCmeters of rowilg to win by on~ a fraction of a second . However. A ""~. 3 OK.-. arl)U19 . Vvhat do you mean? A Wei. faster.. the teadW wi he<w"." C Wrrf do you w<¥'1t to go 5 6 ? S 9 10 . For me.• . Track 24 Everyone has heard about Harry Porter. Probably the most noticeable thing atxJut Tolkien's work is how real his world seems. il leday's society. I bo.! But vbj was he so A So? A So. " intelligent optmistic • ""'" Unit 8 Track 29 We're going to catch up on some school wO!K. then I'm rot happy.A.nallll<e. I did! A Yeah.. A That jacket. 3 TNs . Wrj . A . ex cc:use.. C FICtion! Wasta 01 tme. Yean! Pretty~."""".. It kild 0( captlX9S the rooment. My favorite has to be SpiOerman . reacMg is abou1 reIaXilg. • • • • • S'oWmWlg il the 200B ".I'Ider bushy eyebrows.

5 6 7 8 9 Track 40 1 . In lact...telligence. He's. then !oms douds. you won 't catd1 me worrying atxJut it. .. A Wei... It's also interestng to see what we 00 with water.. but now I probably orty have about five a day... ~ the ones who MI guilty. because it ShOIJd realty be B A B A B Wei that's!1XJd then. . I krDw that! But what does geneticaly mcdified !TI9a"l? WeI. A B A Have you &vef taken one? Yes. A B W9I that was all caused by the cows being led contcrnina. . Roberts.n:I with.. people are asking lor ~! My husband suffers from this. isn't it? What do you mean? Wf!j. 'Twice a week' .J. After that. IMIat ftavcI" is that container 01 k::ecnxm? A can 01 beans. B 5 Unit 11 Track 42 Have you seen the latest reaity 2 3 4 5 Unit 10 Track 37 1 2 6 7 8 """"" • 5 6 "'" foore1 3 7 """ """" drains IV"""'baking so happy? Why's he How long have you been other ways. water. I tried to sign ~ to a local hea/lh dub but it cost $25 a week! I know I should waJ<. H means that he leaves lor work at about seven in the morning and I'm kicky ~ he's home before nine at rj. hOw rru::h do we use? B Not a lot. After all. isn't it? W"fI 'Mla. Paul Roberts. B Good afternoon. s People just don't watd1 what they eat. didn1 ". like musical inteligence Mel ilterpersonal intelligence? Yes. don't yo. but I need something to calm my nerves. cognitive 8 . 6 7 They've aI becO'ne nalicroal Track 34 2 3 4 spatial discriminate empathize 5 6 7 """'" intelligence discredted Track 38 A On today's program we have Dr. aren't you? 6 You're ~ wi toniojlt... come on! AI food is messed cro. thEw"e you go. --. but it's.. was~? 10 You want rTlO!e. Good afternoon. then you're asked to Choose from leu dtferent Shapes end deC:XIe which one best fits the empty space. ~. Roberts. but it isn't that easy. about one pen:ent of the water.. A B 4 A """ you have to think Because about the color 01 the backgrourd. A How can mil..1 9 II wasn't you. lood . most people jllS! don·t realize how il1portant """'" genetics implanting 8 '"""""" '""""" """ How rTQ"ly tines has he been Have they firished? """" pesticides 10 resistant Track 43 1 The thing I really hate about this 2 The way in l'Alich games become addictive Track 41 A Look at this packet. 00 they? 5 You're rrmied. ~'s <maZing hOw rru::h we waste.nat's the big deal? It's reaIy important 10 know what's in OIS food.' " abrut it . you r:rit live once. 11ll6lI1. A Wf.J. but I think a lot 01 caIecI "INat&<".. A So. which is far less than you lind in the ICe arru"Id the Natfl and South poles. this ~ is GM free. A No. 3 .to work.OOIe bar 01 ChocoIa. We recycle water all the time. WeI. I'm ctMousIy intelgent in one of the """" do.. lose !-is job. A &. my doctor said. W rIOt surprising.te! We drink two C<W10flS 01 juiCe a doy.nat all the fuss is about. the only thing that changes is wI'le!e ~ is. In fact. 5 A B A B A B A B A 1 But one 01 the ideas now is that there MI different ki'ods 01 inteIigenCEI. it rains onto the lend.1eo games . it's caIed ~ inteligenCe$. bok at ttis one.. lhink of an the lertizers that are """./? B CII. I ttri:... gNen how ~ ~ is.nat's in rt am.. 'Nhen we talk about dirty water crd contaminated water." yo. M:I how many typeS eX inteligera are thInI ~ to be? Oh! I think it's eight.. Water starts Off in the ocean.nat it does. He ate a v. ~.nat you pay lor. I don't know . one of a number 01 wOOd experts on water. I know it's unhealthy. you get . that's right. you've dru1k half a bottle! It's easy to say you don1 have a proIjem... ~t is the reason? WeI . we can r:rit Qri. B Vllhat? A It says "Contails no GM ingredients. evaporates " to the air.Jways WOIl)Ylg that he'.b.ted So you're S8"ying that GM is the same as contanYlated. what is? B Wf... yes! Pro we ffilISt also remember that lhe ~tity A You mean that the amount of water doesn't change? B No.e../? 4 Men don't lYe as long as women.. Sure. After ai. B But how do you know that? Why can't ~ be the second ""'" 2 3 .. Wei. I'm just saying that unli I know .. that's part of its beauty.. but you can learn.. I A B B So. doesn't it? 8 You cooked this ~f.xifiOO. It'S absokJIeIy scandalous how we continue to pollute the YefY thing that keeps WeI. A Easy! ~'s the thil"d shape. I've neY9I" been very good with spatial tli'lgs. The arncu1t of junk food eaten nowadays..be 01 toothpaste. Dr. I thi'lk the maill'9aSCJl men don't want women COI1l)8ting in the S<ITIEI events is because they're afraid eX bei'lg beaten. and I still don't beUeve they Track 35 1 You're American. A B A B A It's that ~? B Oh.. aren't yoo? 2 ThaI's bad lor YOU. can't yo. then. is~? Fait? Far Ior. A Oh. A Noway! 8 9 artistic 10 abilities """"'" water is 10 us. SQI'l1e ol the QOeSIions ~ to do with shapes.Ie 01 tile. A Track 39 1 Gan I have a bag of d1ips? 2 How rroch is that bonle of "". isn't it? You get heme after a long day at work. come Ofl! That's noI the point.. don't you? Track 36 1 To be honest.Workbook Audioscript B WeI. Dr. and the water goes into rivers and strewns. look. just more expensive.AIXI what atlererce does thai """"". isn't it? 3 You exercise fNefy day..." 3 4 5 the terrible graphics.st not lair. Unit 9 Track 33 A Look at this! Another 1.. Vllhat.. B No.Alld how rnarrt 00 these socaIed tests check? ProbOOIy r:rit two or tIYee.~ we <idn't \hirl( have water. Exactly.. the tlWlg lhat amoys mel One tt"Wlg that stops people buying vk.t do you me<I"I Wrr{?" Wei. well. I 1Tl!m. I'm not going to eat rt. H's pretty /\my that we cal 0lI" planet "Earth. atnost three-quarters 01 the SLM"face 01 the earth is coYOred with the stull. Something that is viIalto us./? 7 Ths lastes great.. No. A B us alive.a 00.. The next thing you know. do you rernerrber allhose scaes abrut Mad CoN Disease a lew years back? Yep! ""'" lood...st so easy to drive everywhere. .. B """'. Well. ""'. A I tel you . as wei as the Well... To be hcroest... A B "" WeI.tlich in tum go back "to the oc:e<Vl . B Not atways -there's organic And you're telling me that orgaric food is better for me? B It's probably healltl ier. then we WOlIki'I'. for example. I've art down.nat. . """ He. be GM free? B It means the WNS haven't been led with food that's been A A B Vllhat do you 1ll6lI1? B WfA.o9? 3 4 Pass me the jar 01 honey. You're gM3n three ~ and a bIri square. I used to go through aOOut a pack a day. I don't see how that tasts . B Wei.. We need Mother t!. water? B Yes. ~'s. To start with..oo? Aanit you're aI just scared. poll" ~ one to ~ you retax.jht! It's so easy.. but it doesn't mean I'm rot intEligent.. messed ~ with. test B Yaat1! There seems to be one in fMJfy magazine nowadayS.0. they're r:rit vegetables.. But what does GM me<I"I? GeoeticaIy rnc.. 2 contarmated ""'" How many have you seen? I've never ~ watchi'lg Tv.

On tonigll's show 'He'A. They my measue hcr. Ivan ParIts who ~ the head of Awonl.M:I we go about it? We've been usilg exaTIS oo:Ilests silce we first stood on two legs. I mean. In reality it's not as clear cut as that.. ~'s pretty funny.. ~ has to be the ~ w&i.j ant of my ex<ms. 8 They don't ~ a thing! I passed my math exa-n 00:1 yell stiI e<n'1 baance my acc. We offer a wide range 01 COO"SeS.(0) students a year.xatiOnal inStitufuns. Ar'IOIh&. Gocx:I evOOng. Secondy.I"e some peqJIe's knOwledge. A An:j what -""'" . but we're not taIIing.. But. These kids Jose the abity to sociaize most ~ers play these g<mes aIore. . e INrri wooId you want to watch that stuff? A Because it's ro.. Dr. wOO<.. I thoulj11.l8ti Vv'hat cIo you mean? e Well. 5 Track 50 optirristic 2 -".J 0lJ'" teachers we n. .j exans Show v. doesn't it? I guess some are good. but others ¥8 a waste of time. many peopIa take a test Mel then forget EM!J)1hing. including vigjts to the theater Of sporting events.l'lCOI'llkrta chairs. they're watcti"g everyttWlg you do . 0 Me. it makes people reW:lw what they've stU(ied and that can orVy be beneficial. but some of them. wt1ich is a considerable number. Ihero are medcaI reasoos. too.. A Vohlat? You watCh that stuff as well? """'.. I1CM' I'm makilg lots 01 money and 11 never have to wOOl. as wei as headaches and even problems with tOOr tmds Md fingers.. oot .. WeI. B It was tooiJle! You ~'t believe how nasty othef people can be! And to know that the wt'toIe COlKltry knows all ycu secrets.Jd you find out who knows things? I failed aI my exams at SChOOl e Not aD. FrstIy. A No...even when you're A So. lief! school at 16 without passirY.tleIher you'.. . We h::Jpe that you'" time here will be both ~ and useflJ.ick reactiorls and geat hcn:Ieye coordnation. people ere? B 01 cx:use they n. HcM'eYtY. how else WOI. thank you for being my first guest on the . "Come on. there B B A e "'yo. as there are two Sides to the issue. J can~ be A -.tlt? Tho _ _ _ B 'M'ich one? A - ~agajn. from I'lc:lnestay to seII-oontained apMmer1ls.. no one remembers what they did in a test. I mean. One thing I've noticed is thatl'T'Wly kids who play lots 01 these gcrnes have ~ Q.. but I think that's and yet I was still pretty successful. "That kXlks M ' . e In wtich case. wei. if you have 'iflt (JJ8Stions . Please cal me &vn. was ~ actl.. e -. ''-''''-''I wortc. Dr. e I'm sony. On the one hand there is ~ of evidMce to Show that W:teo games can be bad.. it's geat to be here. Hi. P. 0 Yes. does passirY. A Just shows hem sI'\aI::Jw you e Track 44 0 Hey! No need to be Ilde. ~'s strange reaty. An:j how dd you get on the novelist Annie Jones. 7 Tests! Completely pointless. 2 A "'. So. For us that's probably !he most useful thing about them. OK. 3 Well.- are the psyd'loIogicaJ reasons. Evening. B WeI.. 9 In my company we use them III the time to sea how wei people cope under pressure.. . So. MMy 01 these games are extremely vioIeI1t and this can't be good for young people. Parks. One minute I was wOfking in my local supErlTIaIket and the next ffWute . 10 To be tn'lest.IuOOg TOEFL and Business Engish. It's absurd to say they don'. if you ask me.v goOO someone is at Iakilg tests... ISIder because wgJ """"". makilg it possiJIe lor us to find somethi ~ to slit ~ who o:mes.no are nterested in pwtic:tlating and not just watchi1g won~ be dsappoiltecl. 4 Track 49 WfJa:xne to WoocI<n::l Language School.tlWlg ~ that ij the kids are pIayi1g garnes. Trac k 45 A Wr:m! Did you see lhat Show on TV last ni!..h..st atout school exams.Jd you want to go to a doctor who hadn't passed medical school? e No.y quaified <n:I have experience 01 workilg in a variety 01 ro. Good evooing. 6 . You 00her kn:lw it Of you cion'\.deo games bad B Thai's a Vf1fY ilterestng question because it treats the topic as vert black and white.. come on! You can't reaIri believe that. ~ was reaJIy bad at the time. e But TV stnJId be reIa. you have to be able to rTI6aSI. we have two guesls in the studo that have dfIerilg W3ws on the vakJe 01 exMIS.. ~'s adictive trash. yeah! Sure. the tI1ng thai pefSU&CIes Ptq)Ie \0 buy the game. I'm ctong shcJNs Ike this. B So I guess you watch aI those soaps Md reaity Track 47 A ~e waste of lime. but that's different. """"? B . 3 4 arne(iorate 5 6 7 8 9 scientifc 10 tl'8f1SlX(lation . we also have iYI extensive social program. WOI. An exciting commercial ()l10dayS program we'lS askJ'g Ate I'Ii:1eo games bad fa )OO? In \he stLdo I have Ryan Ferguson. A 'MIat. let's go to OU" li"st caner. Leanne on line one. so when I heard they were maktlg MOlher show. We also ~p our students with theW accorrmodation needs. but tests are a proven way 01 showing ij someone ~ smart e Oh. Hyou had the chcr'lce to do it again. who has been carrying out research on this topic for more than three years. Parks. Ryan. B A I'lld OU" secord guest is the !anile in Africa... but now I'm A I'lld you ttWlk it was worth .Jd you? B Oh. h. " paape had to retake !hem f!NelY few yen. as far as I'm concemOO. they can damage you'" eyesight. I"d watched the first series Md thOught. then it WOUld be afferent. Unit 12 Track 46 A The phone-in on teday's show is about exams and how ~t they ere. but •... """""'. I think yoJ've both!1Y&1 us !lings to think about..rnentary on people"""..". e 0 &re. there ere also some positive effects and these should oot be Jorgelten. A OK Tt\CJlk you both. it really depends on the test. Sam. After ai.xi"1g. Ryan."'" ••. . 5 6 7 8 """'" """"" ". be su::x::essfU in ife? B &re . Scm. I mean. How else WOI. B Well. For ex<rTllIe. Sa-Mntho. Before we take yr:AJI cals. the biggeSt problems we social..x)U'11$. Dr. good morning . aren't I? B [)efi1tetj. An:j WOI.xational. Wet I'd prefer to watch that than some doct. We teach CM!I: 12. ArstIy.! gcMng to be taJIOOg to Samantha Wilson. A First. so 1I<tla1's ~ ike to be a celebrity? WfA. B In what w<J(? e They need to Show ~ know stuff. I guess not.Workbook Audioscript 6 7 8 A the twgh cost. you can cIothat". star of Channel 1's latest reality SOOw.. WOI. People also suffer from backadle from sittOg in l. 2 WfA. ~ isn't natural to spend hoIxs on end staring at a computer Of TV screen. at least they can~ be gelling into trouble on the streets.. Those of you... 2 3 4 Track 48 """ . so what's the pOOt? A B Good evening. ""fI .. not how sma1 they are. one of the IeOOng exam boards in the COUltry.. - """ pOOtless . - ""'. B Yes.(? B A B I ~t kM of wrote in. There ere <itlerent types of accorrvnodation available. are exans a fair way of frong out how srra1. are . in a A Well. But as it is. so ~ 's reafty difficu~ to S2tj.Jd you want to employ M engineer to build a tri:Ige W they'd fajed thai' 9' 'gi I0OI i WJ - e famous. This ooabIes us to grve students exact~ wtlat they reQUire. rut thai's not the same as being soo::essfU. I'm sony you leellhat wWof. not even EngIsh? e No! I was tentlle at Ergish..

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Maria Cristina Pinheiro da COncei!. Aurelio Antonio Martinez Rivera . Corbis! Bob Krist p143 . lonoon. Alamyllogram Publishing. C Edilooal Macmillan de Mexico. Maria Cristina V. 135. Unit 10: lesson 1: Extract from ' Precious fluid' by Dinyar Godrej. Corbis! Observer dispatch p84br. Alamy/ Noah Levy p96t1. Corblsl Jim Craigmyle p72. Corbis! Stapleton COllection p52b.Corbisi Reuters publis. Press Association! Neil Leiffer p801 .oom. Bangkok 10330. Lesson 4 : Extract from 'Focus Rated' first published in Focus . David CraM. Allee Willis and Danny Wilde copyright C n Dawn Music CA. The authors and publisherl> would like to thank all the leachers and students who contributed 10 the development of this course. Brigitte Mund . lSa . 94a. 48c. Lesson 3 : Extract from "Talk 10 me' by Liz Barry copyright C Uz Barry 2003. ISBN-13 : 978-97(). mechanical. CorbisI Ed Kashi p2Q (allende). Alamy/ lmage Source pSa . Arici Graziano p20 (matquez). 1341.50-35HI tSBN. Corbisl Oi Maggio Ke. 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Digital VISion pl32: EmpicsI Sven Simon pl1 . 2006 First put>lished 2006 All rights reserved : no part of this pubHcation may be reproduced . Bridgeman! Piarra Augusta Renoir 1841-1919 -. Corbis/ Rose serral11b. Alamyl Stephen Voss p10Sa. 70 (header). Getty News and Sport! Pascal Rondeau p86. Atamy/ Archiv Berlin FOIoagoentur GMBH p108b. 117a.s Young-WOtt'f.. de C . CorbIs! Jack HottingSWQrth pI21b1. Alamyl Vittorio Sciosia p82b. The publishers would be happy 10 hear 'rom any copyright hoIdet that hat not been acknowledged. 52a. 3&1.2.on(Ion W6 8BS 1995. SA de C . London.22.V.. Corbisl Charles Grupton pl25... Rick Gomez p124m .35. taken from www. Orban pp 40. D . Uni12: Lesson I : Beal. 118. 81 : Getty PI) 8 (headerJ. 42 . A~ Rights ResefV8d.03. Ana Palricia Maf1 iMz Vile.V.4 ./llez .. COfbisI Jeff C . 137. reprinted by permission 01 the publisher. WC2H DOY and Music Sales Limited. 86. Bloomsbury pp 62b. -. Penguin Books pp 6Ob. Mayerl Pierre August Renoir 1841. CorbisI Mitchell Gerber p7le . OW Design The authors would like to thank all those at Macmillan inYOlved in the project. USAIW_ Chappell North America. 4Sa . 01180 M6xico. stored in a retrieval system. reprinted by permission of Music Sales Limited.4 . Getty News and Sport! Staton R. Lesson 4 : Don'f Lei The Sun Go Down On Me Words by Bernie Taupin afld Music by Elton John copyright C Big Pig Music'Warner Chappell Arlemis Music Limrted .html. CorbiS/ Francis G. reprinted by permission of the autl"lor. 44a . Israel Martinez Quiroz. deC. Corb i&! Nancy Nay p1241.Thailand 20 11 2010 2009 2008 2007 1098765432 .3. Jorge Antonio SIlonchez S!!onchez. Sty1ianos N . Unit g: Lesson 5: Tha Logical Song Words and Music by Roger Hodgson & Richard Davies copyright CI Delicate MusiclAlmo Mllsic Corporation. WC2H DOY. 131 . Bergsaker Tore p84b1. Edwin Giebelen. Design: Illustration: CcMIr image: Desigl'Mlf$ Collective Greg Hargreaves. support. PI36. 2006 Student's Book text C .142b. 1211r.lisl1 p115. San Anton io 170. rtes p32. Unit 5: Lesson 3: Cry Me A RiverWords and Music by Justin Timberlake . C) Editorial Macmillan de Mexico.R. "'-""" WEN N p11311. 90 (header).4 . Corbis! Jon Feingersh p116. Getty News and Sport! Keystone p90. 33. 128. but in some cases this has proved imposs. Kabat COllection pp 16a.. Mirna Zuge.macmillan. Getty ~ and CI Famovs Music Publishing Umited 2003. AJamyl Bill Bachmann p1Ob. 13.I34b. Judy Chiachin Huang. The authors and the publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs . USA and EMI Blackwood Music Inc. Alamy/ Pintail Pictures '--'"" S. Lesson 3 : Extracts from 'Can GM crops feed the world' by Dr Michoio Kaku and ' GM : a QUick fix that is doomed to fait . l1Jr.mx A wholly owned subsidial}' 01 Macm~lan Publish8fs Holding Ltd www. 109. International Copyright Secured.com.F. Ma(l8zi116 September 1999. 99. Scott Storch and Timothy Mosley copyright CI EMI April Music InclTennman TlInes . 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Wintef p87tr. 121. was printed in January 2007 by: Thai Watana Panich Press Ltd Wave Place Build ing. reprinted by permission 01 the author. or by any means.07. 101 (header): Powerstockpp 90. 147 (old man). 48 (header). 114br.IO .08. Corbis! NASA p49 (shutt le). CorbisI RuffIIS F. raprinted by permission of tnternational Music Publications Ltd . 8OIr.3.-' 74 . Getty News and Sport! Mark Mainz p141 . 54. 139.ible. Aguiar. 48b.l. SpoIV Wamer Bros. Science Photo LibrarylAdam Hart-Davis p 102. CortIisI Stave Thornton p142e.R.3.5 . Alamy! Jean Luc Morales p32 . Corbisl Craig Tt. Lesson 4: Extract from "Web Issues' by Adrian Tennant copyright CI Adrian Tennant 2003. W6 8BS 1974. CorbisI Paul Edmondson p121 tl. 124br. 108. Prol. Alamyl Popperfoto pp 20 (maradona). Getty News and Sport! Soon Halleran p84m: '-" Gelly News and Sport! Steve Hansen p86b.Macmillan Companies and representatives throughout the world Teac:her'$ edition le~1 written by Mike Sayer O. CorbisI Anne-Marie Webber p32 . Atamy! Andy Myatt p119. first published in Associated Press 23. 5ga.. p65. 30a... 64 .llifu/ Words and Music by Linda Perry copyright pp 20 (shakifa).2. p7A1amy/ John Fon p6c. hard wOrk. 87. Getty I Tax i pp43. 51 . Vackimes Serret.. CorbisI Ray Juno pl05. 97. 147 (young man).V.CorbisI George Ettienoe p8 .A. 4&:1 .3. t42c.5. Corbis! Roy Morsch pp 27.1. 142d. USA. All RighI!! Resel'Ve(t Intemational Copyright Secured. 104. ALamyl Johnathan Kim p20 (jordan). Getty! Stone pp 10m. Alamyl Andre Jenny pIDl .mJ( _ .2 . raprinted by permission of Intarnational Music Publications Ltd. MiIfY Evans pp 59b. 122. Photoclisk pp 16. Run Willms The Source Photography Cover design. 38 (header).. p80 (headef). COfbisi Stephen Welstead pl38. Corbis .1. Unit II : Lesson 6 : Come Away Wilh Ma Words and Music by Norah Jones copyright Cl Muthajonas MUSic LLC. CorbisJ Ni ng Chiu p71f. an interview with D< Doug Parr. 113br. Corbis! Roger Ressmeyes pI26a.. Claudia Cruz Annenla. Sabine RaizlOf.. 121br. 59. Unit I : Lesson I extract from 'Why people use pseudonyms' by Alex McNeil first published in Shakasp6af8 Matters VoI. Joel Victor Hugo Gooz.7g. 114tr. CorbisI '-. Corbis! Gregory Pace p71b. W ireless Road. Luke Prodromou 2006 Design and lIIusuation C . 87br. Alamyllmagll State pl OI . C Kale Fuscoe. 47 . 45. 1191. 113r. Barbar. Tel: (55) 5482 2200 Fax: (55) 5482 2203 elt@macmillan. 89 .macmillanenglish.2 . 354 March 2003. Marta Kaul'fman. Printed and bound in Thailand Thil boo!<. Alamyl U I<nIft p7ld . Stil l Pictures! Mark Edwards p107: Topfoto p5S<:.

empowering students to become effective learners through awareness-raising activities. and approach learning with attitude! Attitude lets you be who you really are .in English! . and fol low-up tasks. Communicate with Attitude With so lid learni ng foundations. and reflective activities. students will have the confidence to express t hemse lves.Attit[!]de Build Positive Attitude Ensu ring that students have a positive attitude to learning is the key to thei r success. challenges. Attitude engages students in a learni ng experience that is both meaningful and re levant to their current reality_ Develop w ith Attitude Attitude introduces a unique focus on the development of study and writing skills. reflect who t hey are. Through a series of high -interest topics. learning tips.

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