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Attitude 4 Teacher's Book

Attitude 4 Teacher's Book

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Publicado porAna Caro Glez

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Published by: Ana Caro Glez on Jul 30, 2012
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11/13/2015

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Mike Sayer

Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside luke Prodromou

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~CMILLAN

leacher"s Edition'
Mike Sayer
Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside Luke Prodromou

Contents
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IV VI

Welcome to Attitude! Introduction Student's Book Contents Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Review 1 Unit4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Review 2 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Review 3 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Review 4 Songsheets Communication activities Workbook answer key Workbook audioscript

viii 6 16 26 36 38 48 58 68 70 80 90
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100 102 112 122 132 134 146 T262 T266

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Welcome to Attitude!
Dear Teacher.
Welcome to Attitude, the course that will help you transform your students from learners to successful users of English. The course follows our USER approach. where students ...

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m E) m
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Understand language use in context.

Strengthen communicative skills.

Explore the structures and use of the English language. Recycle and retain previously learned language.

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Understand language use in context Students must encounter language in context to see how it is used. Every lesson in Attitude begins with exposure to the language in situations which allow the user to make a personal connection with the topic. In order to take a more active role, users are often invited to comment on or discuss an aspect of the theme before any formal explanations are introduced. Strengthen communicative skills Most students evaluate their language ability by how well they can speak. Speaking starts early in Attitude and is often integrated with the other skills to encourage communication. All skills in Attitude are practiced interactively: both the listening and the reading tasks encourage student s to actively construct meaning and respond appropriately. Writing is often a forgotten skill. but in Attitude it forms an integral part of each lesson, and is given a special place in Develop your writing sections which present and practice varying aspects of the writ ing process. In the fourth lesson of each unit, students have an additional opportunity to use newly learned language in the contelct of a real life task carried out with a group of classmates. Not only do students use English to negotiate the task with their fellow students. they also further extend their command of the language by comparing their process to that of a group of native speakers they hear performing the same task. Explore the structures and use of the English language In Attitude, grammar is presented and practiced in a straightforward yet meaningful way. Students are often presented with an inductive task in which they have to figure out how the structure works in English, discovering both use and form . They then have opportunities to practice that structure and the chance to connect the language with their own world. feelings and memories. The Develop your learning section introduces further learner training techniques to help students become better learners.

previously learned language D Recycle and isretain important in language learning, but quality repetition is vital. Attitude has three built-in, Repetition very unique ways of recycling the language within and between units to ensure recall: _lesson four in every unit has been written to reintroduce and re-contelctualize the language in the previous unit, taking into account the language accumulated up to that point in the book. The aim is to reinforce understanding of the language and how it is used, through real-world tasks. _ Language is also reintroduced by the Language Resource sections found at the end of each unit. These are more than just summaries of grammar and vocabulary, they promote an active, awareness-raising process of review. - The Review units are a user-friendly way of revising. They have a test-like quality but are also varied and fun to do.
As each lesson in Attitude progresses, the language needs of the learner evolve. They need more challenging contexts in which to stretch their English to the limits. So Attitude builds on the topiCS and activities of the lesson's initial stages, focusing increasingly on freer tasks where students have the opportunity to explore the language as it relates to their own experience.

Attitude gives students a unique opportunity to find their own voice and to be who they really a re - in English'

The Authors

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Feedback
We'd love to hear how Attitude is working for you. Please send a ny comments or experiences you'd like to share with us to attitude@macmi1lan .com.

What's in Attitude?
A ttitude for students
The six levels of Attitude take learners from starter

to advanced. Each Student's Book contains twelve
units, each of which focuses on different aspects of an overall theme over four lessons. Students are

presented with content that is interesting and thought provoking, and from which language ski ll
development exercises naturally flow. Key support

for reading texts and other activities is provided
"

through Glossaries and Notes. There are

A lesson from the Studenfs Book

comprehensive language Reviews and sections
developing writing and self-study skills.

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Attitude Workbooks consolidate and practice the language presented in the Student's Books. The same activities are available in a choice of print format (with audio CD), or on an interactive CD-ROM. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, reading and listening activities relate to the topics in the Student's Book. language Practice activities consolidate the language learned in a particular unit. The Grammar Summary is a useful resource fo r when a Student's Book is not to hand.

Watch w ith Attitude
Attitude DVDs offer high-interest video clips, linked in theme and content to the Student's Book. The DVD itself contains pronunciation, speaking, and everyday English activities. In addition, DVD Activity Books offer a variety of activities to guide students through the DVD. Teaching with Attitude DVDs is easy - just press play on your remote control and let students practice and learn; it's rewarding - students understand real language and culture seen in contexts that immed iately come to life; and it's fun students get to watch lV to learn!

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'" a Worksheet from the DVD Activity Book.

Attitude for teachers
Teachers working with Attitude can make use of the follo wing resources:

Attitude Teacher's Edition
An interleaved format combines the Student's Book content with all of the elements needed to make teaching with Attitude a success.

Attitude Class Audio CDs
Two CDs per level contain all the listening material associated with the Student's Book lessons. They include cover versions of the commercially available songs referred to in the text.

Attitude Resource Books
Over thirty activities from a variety of authors provide options for supplementing the Student's Book and Workbook, particularly in the areas of speaking and writing . Each activity is based on a photocopiable worksheet, and is accompanied by comprehensive instructions for its implementation.

Attitude Test CD ROM
The test CD ROM contains a wealth of testing resources to help you place students within the program and then monitor and grade their progress. Tests come in both ready to print and editable formats.

Welcome t o

.... . . ' _... .... due to lack of space an audioscript may be located on an adjacent page..- ~ @.. ""...1:10 !-' 0 ... ...._-.......__._-~- . --...._-. • Add value to your classes with alternative presentations and additional activities..... ...-... Plan how you will introduce and monitor the exercises.".-...--... Overprinted Answers Answers for many of the exercises appear overprinted on the Student's Book page...... - po. -----.. __-..._-_ .. ... -"'._--_ --""- .._ .... ....... . --__-_ " .. .......'----. _.. ~ @ n__ oI VOII_ ..... ..... .. .. _ .. to facilitate both planning and carrying out the lesson.-....... --_... .........-.._ .....__ _. .. ....... -... ._.. --__---__--_..---.. ....__ _.. . . _ _ _ _ _ ..._... _ .-__ .. ........ "'--. __ ......-... . . -' ..--_ . ~<.. .... -_ .."".. _ ...__--_........bo olH! -...._.. making them easy to find. ...... ---~.__ " _ .-" dod"".-.. ....-... _... 4 . ..... ......._."' _.. . .... .....::-. .-' __ _-_..'" .....~-~ p. _ . l er.. • r.._.. _")0-... 1 .._-. .....--_ _ _ _--_ . .___ ............... __ ._._---. .... .....-'_.. ..... . tllI' .-........ "'-_... _ .--~-­ -~ -- :~.... --~ . .. _ ....-::<i..... __ '''---.......---. ......'- ... "'... .... _ .._ .. ... Introduction .......-.. . --.._ _---_ ----_ ------_ _. ..-..®. _.. . Gt_ _ ............."'-' .. ...... the audioscripts are printed at the bottom of the page where they are to be used... ..---_-.... _ . .:.. ... ............. . .... . """ .~ .. -' --_ '---'''-'-_ ...".. .....-_""" '_""'00.- ....--_ ... 01 ""' __ . ""-():)O_ " " " ~":!. . .... ...._.--. ......... . -......- ......... Occasionally.. ... .. The Student's Book page This is reproduced full size and in color Objectives The objectives for each lesson are cont ained in a chart at top of the page....--"' -__-.. ..-.~.:'.-_.__.._ _ '''---'-'' ... -...... ..... --»-_... _...... Check the aud ioscript for a listening activity...... . ._......._.... ._ .. ._. ...... _ ... 1 .... . t ... ...---........_-..._ .... .. _. ..... . ._--.. ...-..............._.. ~...- .....-_.... '-.n ---_....... ~ . _---_ _----__---_.-_-..... . .<1 ..---_. oMl. ~......... --......--. '. . ..-_..-. . ...-~-~--~- --.---... _ 'bill'.... ~'-.... .. --... . .. .._--_ .. In these cases you will find a note indicating where to refer to.... Audioscripts Wherever possible............ _ ..... - ... -~.-~ C!J't. ' . Spooll.. -.1oo> oM t '" "'- It ' '''_ .......-_ ----. _ ......Introduction The Attitude Teacher's Edition can help you to • • • Check the answers to an activity.... ..·...._---"-"-. ...._--.. _....-.

sleep/sleeps. and provide information that is immediately relevant to the classroom situation. Attitude uses the following terminology to refer to verbs: infinit ive . present progressive . Procedural Notes Real classroom research underpins the choice of what to include in the procedural notes for a given activity. slept. If while planning your lesson you decide to do things differently. etc. Often these activities invite students to contribute their own ideas. to sleep.. Introduction .ate.. .to eat. The icons you will find are as follows: Classroom organization Students work individually Students work in pairs Students work in small groups of between three and five students Students work together as a whole class t t ~. Quick grammar guide: background regarding the grammar point and a list of typical student errors to watch out for. we have provided plenty of space in the margin for you to make your own notes.II •• • Timing The timing icon provides three pieces of information at a glance. etc. This section shows how much time to dedicate to the exercise. alternatives are provided for you to vary the presentation of the exercises in the Student's Book. Pronunciation not e : background to the pronunciation point and ideas for further practice exercises to help students in this area.---' This section shows how much time ___---' remains in the lesson. Often your own classroom situation will determine which is the most effective way to approach an activity. is/are sleeping.Icons Explained Additional Notes Within shade boxes you will find a variety of information that will be invaluable when you have time available to plan your classes in depth. The Teacher's Edition includes icons that suggest classroom organization and how much time to allot to each exercise. This section shows how much time will have been used up at the start of the exercise.eat. Presentati on alternative: frequently. Icons Icons in the margin give information on suggested classroom organization and on the comparative timings of the exercises. A lifeline when preparation time is limited! Workbook Answers and Audioscripts At the end of the Teacher's Edition you can find the answers for the Workbook exercises and the audioscripts for the listening passages in the Workbook. Topics covered include the following: Introduce the topic: ideas are provided for you to vary the way you introduce each lesson. Additional activity: activities that extend the exercises in the Student's Book are provided for you to use if time allows. etc. sleep.is/are eating. simple present .eat/eats. etc. simple past . etc. infinitive with to . Often these activities can be carried out without having students refer to their Student's Books. The notes for an exercise are easy to find thanks to the color coded reference. See Icons Explained for more details Note: The icons are intended as a guide to help you.

!::::::~.. 64 Rec)de: past J)€rlect sfTl)e c:nd p-oges:sfIIe..~Voc ~b~ summary .:.:.:..!:..coon LiteratlK9 Cootmo""'" context lesson 3 Fad 10 fonlosy 62 Review: the passive Avoiding repetition -:..~ .. ~G = m ::..-_.. used with present perfect Vocabulary summary Unit 4 Longuoge Resource lesson 1 Inventions 48 Third conditIOnal Everyday oqocts Descrorg lox! 50 i' 52 ""'" Stn= 00 """"""" "'" """'" Unit 5 Language Resource Lesson 1 Foc1 or fdian? 56 58 Grammar summary. tIYd conciticnaI .de: presslI perlecl.!~~ ~:::~M ~' ulary .. Lesson 4 Urban myths ~I ' U"' ~·~~~~~ esotnC ..44 Rec. Vocabulary summary ~ Oe<>.

..'fVie'w An Internet artiCle A discussion '- AIoct"" A"""" _. - '-- Coo1pM"lg a wntten and spokeJl text ~ A_ -"'" """"" a quiz A """""'" A""""".... Develop your leaming AIoct"" A tou"gUde -""'Exctmgng rnormaticrl obout """" Mnd"........Skills Development Reading Amagazine artide An informal e-mail ~ Writing Ustening Speaking Develop your learning/Writing A". DesIgrrog and presenUlg a ....'''"..... MakI'lQ' associations with ""'" "'*'- ~ and COIlIf'aStng Usng a dctionary AITWi autobiography Interviews A conversation Writing questions fa( A quiz ---"" rnormatlOO Discussing personal regrets Discu:ssng use of ceIphones '-- Short biography extracts - '- InslructOOs i Infonnal e-mails An int€.

lag .ctiooary work 134 146 152 158 . Vocabulary sunmary Lesson 1 ~O 102 104 AEMew and extension: The world around us Lesson 3 GM 106 lood Unit 12 Language Resou rce 130 Grammar summary. 86 92 94 Recycle: linkers expressing contrast and -Ing verbs Grammar Vocabulary summary Non-de!ifvng relatrve clauses Your mage and healtl1 l esson 2 1. the pa$SIYe vocal. Vocabulary summary Ncul clauses (1) (uSi:lg wtJ-question words) lesson 1 The great picture Trnck <Yld field ..0.. 72 L.".how Unit 8 language Resource lesson 1 Beauty Of health? . verbal Unit 7 language Resource 78 80 Grammar summary.hkefs expressng contrast ~ deso Oil IQ persalaity Intonation of feE*'lg 74 76 The --#Ig verb Recyde: ded.. Vocabulary summary Songsheets Corrv'nurlcatkln acllvrties [). WId reialrvs clauses Unit 9 Language Resource ""'" "'""" 98 Grammar summary.lace Pronunciation Body language UtSSOfl 2 Body lolk lesson 3 Dishonesty lesson 4 Interview Visuol.ctol and possbity n \he past.Language Development Vocabulary ..

Skills Development Reading A psycfloIogy article ~ Writing A detailed description Ustening Speaking Describing people's faces Develop your learning/writing of.~~~~---A radio presenter's notes A presentation Develop your writing A short report Discussing beauty and how it is maintained artiCle Anewspaper artiele A radio discussion 1 "'" ''''' of inproving All informal discussion Ar./s and interviewe!s ' notes Discussing a moral dilemma A role play An interview panel ~ Assessing candIdates Making a presentation AAI M I Using a monolingual dictionary Extracts from a sports according to Ranking photographs criteria from a martial arts A radiO phone-in M informaJ convetSation A role play --.~~~~--~~----~------~~~~--~---. Working IoVilh An __ Develop your learning exam leallet An informal talk A{jreeing and disagreeing """"'""" >Nith statements Discussing further educatioo i A quiz website ad Anewspaper article The writing part of an . O.d.--~~--~-----.atyzing learning styles A magazif)El article A FAO page Extracts from a science book A FADs 011 a website A college seminar '- ATV A radiO interview of cordl. face Inlervie'l-v with an expert Making inferences about _oct~ - A questionnaire A short stOl'j Job ads.

Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as easy to remember as just plain "Madonna" . For example. women found it very difficult to get published. My last name .1 Speaking skill s a Pu t a chock nexl to the wo rds that describe your firs t name or your last name. The person's real name is just too long and difficult to remember. . it may be changed '-.... So in the film world. Find the names that these peop le use. sounds nice. Would you advise them to keep their names or change them? Why? I Why not? William Bradley Louise Ciccone Ram6n Estevez Mary Ann Evans Neftali Reyes Robert Zimmerman Brad Pitt Madonna Martin Sheen George Eliot Pablo Neruda Bob Dylan . . or cultural reasons. Ram6n Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen . such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile.. is easy to spell.sound very attractive .." he explained. However. his admiration for the Welsh poet. I always write in a different way. is common in my country. who Unit 1 You and me . political. . is easy to pronounce.. take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa. . if a name sounds too "foreign". .Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton Artists sometimes choose the name of someone they admire..g.. e. Look at some names of your new clients.... Bob. Of course. In most cases.to something that is more recognizable in a market. historical.. 2 Reading skill s . He didn't want his father to know he was writing poetry.. Sometimes names are changed for marketing purposes. has a meaning. so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot.. is traditional. . Here are some of the most common .. and she did get her books publ ished! GLOSSARY pseudonym an invented name that an arti~t uses publicly instead of their real name particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it's for purely personal reasons. .. Another reason may be practicality: in the past. a Imagine you are an agent for unknown actors and singers. Or maybe the artist's real name doesn't '-. At other times the reason may appear eccentric. Dylan '"-" Thomas. but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood.. exch ange information about your names. is fashionable. To avoid this situation they sometimes gave themselves men's names. has a diminutive. some people do take this course of action- wrote under 75 different names. b In groups... b Read the article below. And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele. My first name . so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man .. . Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Bob Dylan because 0". Liz. Let's be honest. Neftalf Reyes. the reason is for social... Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth. however.. The reason? "When I use a different name. most people never By Alex McCarthy change their names even if they feel unhappy about them. . . .

It's difficult to spell and pronounce. and then get brief feedback from the class. You ond me T6 Unit 1 . Ask whether anybody knows by what name any of these people are better known. Then put students in groups of three or four to do Exercise tb. My name is Elizabeth Mon tgomery. My first nome's a traditional nome and pretty common but not vef}' popular. simple past Speaking exchanging information about names Write your nome on the board and tel! students something about it This provides a good model to help students do Exercise lb_ For example. or they could ask and answer questions. I really like my name. not really. 2 Reading skills Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a in pairs. Allow a few minutes. Set a time limit for the reading (four minutes) to make sure that students read quickly. liz. They could either take turns to summarize information. Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to check the words that describe their names in Exercise la. Encourage students to focus on finding the names. Read aloud the task in Exercise 2b. Model what you want the students to say. not worrying about words they don't know. My name is quite common but not very fashionable.Objectives Grammar Topic: names Pronunciation sentence stress Reading a magazine article simple present. Tell students that these are the real names of well-known stars. [s your first name fashionable? No. Beth. Elizabeth hos many diminutives. Lizzie.

. Ask students to work in pairs to mark the stresses in the conversation in Exercise 4c . review. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. Then ask them to decide which verbs ore in the simple present and . Do this in groups or as a whole class. Stressed syllables are given much greater weight than weak syllables. Students may forget to use do/n'll/doesln'l} and did!n'l! when forming questions and negatives. She like . You could osk them 10 think of a nome in English or their own language. 0 Q pop slor Q movies/or a politician a foolball player Q leacher \'-----~ \~'-------~ Do you like the name? What does your fomily call you? A So what does your fomily call you? B They call me "Buzz: A "Buzz?" Why do they call you -Buzz"? B Because when I was a kid. . simple past Common prob4ems ond errors Students often forgelthe third person form. 14IR}' 1R~' fJ. She ~ have. Final~. break it down inlo simpler stages. I mode that sound when I played with my corso A Do you like the nome? Unit] T7 You ond me . II is important to get students to exaggerate the stress when practicing pronunciation. are not stressed. 5 Speaking skills Ask students 10 discuss the topics in small groups and tllCn report their findings 10 the class. Tell students to try saying the sentences to each other in an exaggerated "English" way to help them work out which words might be stressed. and connecting words. students at this level regularly make errors with certain forms that they need to be reminded of..Ask slurlents to do Exercise le.. This moy be a new area for students to grasp.-hich verbs are in the simple post. Addrtional activity Ask students 10 listen and check their answers. Go around the class and help stu dents. t ·· a Presentation alternative Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d .. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past Have students match the sentences with the definitions in Exercise 3a. 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress Quickpronunciation guide English is a stress-timed language.•.. simple present. If you feel thai siudenls may find this matching losk difficult. ask students to match the sentences with the definitions. However.. Speakers of some languages tend not to give the strong syllables enough emphasis and give too much stress to weak syllables.. auxiliary verbs. Some students may still be translating word for word from their own language. and it is an area in which it is easy to make errors in form. Words that don't carry the main meaning of the sentence. to underline all/he verbs in sentences 1to 6. of course.l'e you Ihal nickname? English uses auxiliary verbs for emphasis. Play the audio for Exercise 4d a second time so that students can listen and repeat. An swers: Verbs and nouns are stressed. After students have listened to and noticed the stressed words in the sentences in Exercise 4a . Then have thorn check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. She does likes . ask them if they can tell you the answer to the questions in Exercise 4b . I R6 like il. F ask students irst.. Ask them to work individually and then compare their answers with a partner. Ask students to complete Exercise 3b individually. Quick grammar guide: The use and form of the simple present and simple post are. like articles. Ask students in their groups to decide what they think would be the perfect pseudonym for peaple who wont 1 do the following iobs.

g.. repeated action a fact that is always true a present feeling or desire a continuous situation or a repeated action that is now finish ed f a present fact that the speaker wants to emphasize b Complete the conversation with the simple present or simple past. Bob Dylan d DisCllss these questio ns. 1 Oid anything in the article surprise you? If so. (There may be more than a Listen. George Eliot 4 Basically.) are stressed more than others.. you like (like) the name? B Hmm. b Tell the class about anything interesting you discovered. A Weird! And when did they give you your nickname? B When I 5 w as (be) about four. but I wouldn't want my friends to call me "Buzz"! .. A And 6 --.. don'. A "Buzz"? Why 2 did they ~ (give) you that nickname? 8 Well.. but when I was a child I always 4 said (say) Buzz. you think? Ma donna.BY. A "Bt!zz"? Why do they c: ll you "B ~zz"? B Becat se when I was a k!d I made that sound when I played with my c: rs.. I 7 like (like) it. r 3 The Earth moves around the sun once every 365 days. {fI. what? 2 Which names in the article do you like the most? Why? 3 Would you ever change your name? Why? I Why not? o What does your fami ly call you? b Which kind of words are stressed.!l!!. nouns. 2 your nickname and how you got it. a 5 In the past.". b 2 Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton. (say) Brooomm.aYU'~ nee. Then repeat. 1 Artists often change their name. d a b c d c a single action that is now finished a regular.. Pele •• 3 The change means I can get my work published.c Who said these things? Read the article again and 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress write the pseudonyms. articles? Why? c Mark the stressed words in this conversation. 1 Well. A So what does your family call you? B They call me " Buzz". talk about the following: 1 your first name and how you got it. but my family calls me "Buzz". 2 It's much easier for people to remember. Brad Pitt.. I changed it to make it sound more •• "A . verbs.. when children play with cars they nonnally 3 . 5 Speaking skills a In groups. c 4 He changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man. e. So they called me "Buzz". Notice how some words in the sentence one possible name..~ Do you like the name? \1' mencan . __ L _ 51 . A So what do your frien ds and family call you? B My friends here at college always 1 ~ (call) me Richard. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past a Match the sentences with the correct definition. " . c (j I feel unhappy about my name. I made the change because of my father. women found it very difficult to get published. A Do you lit e the n: me? • • • • d Listen and check your answers. Pablo Neruda 5 I always admired him so that's why I adopted his name.

c. Complete the "Partner" column. \Vel/. "--' you tend to be serious.¥I9' C}v~ or is it (in one sentence)? Listen to a couple talking. She can talk for hours and that drives me crazy! c Which adjectives would you most like to be and which would you most hate to be? I'd love to be organized.Ch" "g r'" C' . active attractive boring cold conservative cooperative friendly generous independent 3 Speaking skills a Complete the table on the opposite page for yourself by checking the "Me" column. My cousin Mary is very irritating.. btll . or negative meaning? Write them in the correct column. Is yours large... 1 Vocabulary : adjecti ves describing perso na lity a Do you think the adjectives in the box have a positive. How do yo u think they are feeling? Listen again.. 1 Rob is reading 1< a . generally speaking.... According 10 the /{Jble ... I'm kind of relaxed because I think !Jfe is too short to worry.. c In pairs. yes. . is there any truth in graphology? irritating lonely organized proud realistic relaxed romantic serious shy Positive attractive V organized cooperative V realistic friendly . b Now compare your handwriting with other students. Put a check by the adjectives in Exercise 1a that describe Jane.. 5 The analysis of Jane's handwriting suggests her personality is €§>! difficult.1: in "' . n . No !I'oy! flll/lJore light... 1 The average handwriting is 3mm in height. b Look at your partner's handwriting sample from Exercise 2a. 5mall or average ? 2 Does your handwriting the left? slope to the right or 3 Are your letters ~ or 4 Do your leiters have separate ? ? b !t)(yJ~'~ 5 Does your hJ"1'\! always the sa me Lt"' <. <lliE!Jj) 3 Rob treats Jane's comments seriously 1 4 Rob wants to ~I talk to fan e. relaxed t/ Neutral Negative active proud serious boring cold ttl' conservative irritating lonely USEFUL lANGUAGE Are you a shy person? generous V" independent romantic shy b Use the adjectives to describe yourself or someone you know. Unill You and me .· Lesson 2 Signatures 2 Listening skill s a Write one of your answers from Exercise 1c onto a piece of paper and add your signatlUe.. neutral. for leiters such as a. e Choose the best answer.. but I'm not! I waste a lot of time. I'd hate to be shy because it makes communication very difficult.. baseball and Jane feels 6 Rob watches a lot okay about it I rritated by I . discuss the results. Are the descriptions correct for you and your partner? d In your opinion..hearted. 2 Jane finds graphology nterestm boring.

Go a rou nd the class . Too serious. Play the aud io for Exercise 2c . er . Ask them to write at least two sentences. not in their notebooks. and then ask students to answer the gist question. Rob Okay. Jane No. you dor'lll You watch baseball f?'Iery cloy' Rob Jane! You and me T8 Unitl .. . oren" '/OO? But I want 'A watch this game. Words thot may need checking ore: boring. Thon give students the correct answers by read ing tho words aloud clearly. honey. attractive.lIId help studenls with ideas.mich means rm relaxed and cooperotive. draw attention to the Usefu l Language box. oncourage students to make guesses beforo using a diclionary to chock answers they are not sure of. ask. Ask s tu den ts to do Exercise 2e individually and then check with a partner. June is feeling annoyed and upse! Uocauso Rob isn't lis ten ing to he r. What else? Jane Well. somebody students don'.. For example. I know.. don't exaggerate! I only watch ~ once a week. Ask students Do you think v. ask: Checking meaning Whot is the OPPOSite of boring? Which word is the opposite of outgoing and sociable? (shyl Which word means that you feel alone and friendless? (Ionelyl My class got the best grodes in the exom. Rob Well. Play the audio again if s tuden ts are not sure abou t some of tho answers. 3'--------------------------------------------------------. Jane And you know I've got kind of large hondwriling . Before doing Exercise 3e. Jane You're always watching it! Rob Oh. Rob Gropho·whot? Jane Graphology. 2 Listening skills For ExeN:ise 2a . I knew thol anyway.. Play tho audio again.'-. They will need to pass their handwriting sample to other students in the class. know to write their signature 00 (] piece 01 paper. Rob Oh. Really interesting.. my \. ask s tudonts to write the sentence and their signature on Il separate picce of paper. shy. look. lonely.. look ot this. and . Then as k a few s tudents to te ll the class what their partner told thom.YI"iling slopes to the right. actually il means I'm friendly and attractive. Rob Well. right. hondwrifing and personolity. Put stude nts in pairs to share their ideas. \1' 3 Speaking ski lls Have st udents do Exercises 3a and3b individually. Rob Yes. Rob rm watching the game! Jone rm just doing this quiz obout graphology. and then as k a few s tudents to lellthe class whal Ihey wro te. trs finishing now. The n ask students to do Exercise 2d ..ho is unin teres ted in what Jane is say ing.' Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing personality Reading on informal e·moil present progressive Ustening a conversotion Speaking analyzing and discussing hondwriting Before the lesson. Most of these words ore cognates. Rob. Thol means yau're a great person. you're doing very well. Jane If means rm serious ond generous. showing the prolluncialion and stress. and tope it 10 the board to start the doss.'e can Iell a 101 about a person from a signature? IMlaI sex is this person? What can you say about hislhet personality? InfTOducethetopic 1 Vocabulary: adjec li ves describing personality For Exercise la . You know. Ans we rs: Rob is feeling mUlO yed becaus e he wants to wat ch the game . Put students in pairs or small grou ps to compare their handwriting and disc uss tho ques tions in Exercise 2b. Rob Friendly. Ask students to mark \ho strong stress in cach word.. so students should be able to guess their meaning. So whot does thot mean? Jane Hey. want to talk! Rob I only watch baseball on<e 0 week. Use questions in English to check students' understanding of these words. proud. but encourage them to think of more. Use (] photocopier 10 enlarge the signature. kind of like this. How do I feel? (proudl Give s tudents a few minutes to think of things to say for the task in Exercise lb. Jane You're olways watching baseball when I right? Jane Rob! Well. modest? Jane And my hondwriting is connected. Ask students to work in pa irs to share ideas for ExeN:ise le .

progressive Common problems and etTOrs Students translate directly from their first language and use the simple present to refer to the future. wish). belong. I like French fries (always). make sure they understand that a pain is a very annoying persoll. 4 An irritat ing habit 5 617 A regular. repeated action A futuro arrangement 2 3 Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 5b in pairs.4 Grammar rev iew and extension : present progressive Ask students to do Exercise 4a individually. hear. Know is a stalive verb. hole. After checking the answers. Here. 2 3 4 They are friends." She's seeing Dave Jenkins next Saturday. Verbs of the mind (think" know. ti 5 Reading skills Set the scene for Exe rcise 5a by asking students to look at the e·mail and by asking a few simple questions: Who is writing? Who is she writing to? What subject is she writing about? Ask students to check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. She feels tired because she's working so hard. She is 100 busy to write at other times. Hero. I ¥isiI my friends next Solurday. verbs of emotion llike. Ask students if they can think of any other stative verbs (for example. have is a stative verb. Students have a problem recognizing and remembering when a verb is active or stative. won~. stative verbs tend to express permanency. believe. Unit 1 T9 You and me . Basically. so. Before students do Exercise 5c. ask them why they chose each tense. Answers: 1 • Answers: 1 Here. I am Argentinian (always!. ore useful groupings of slalive verbs. and verbs of possession Ihave. believe!. we use present progressive to describe something happening now. As students report their answers to the class. I have blue eyes lalways!. Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 4b in pairs. Quick grammar guide: present The use of the present progressive in English to refer 10 future arrangements may confuse students. go through the rules in the Language Note. Hold a feedback session with the whole class for Exercise 5d . Then check the answers in pairs before going through them with the whole class. She feels irritated with Jenny because she is "a pain . it is a temporary situation. love. own.

X I have 5 She's very rich ! She owns three houses and two apartments! V' 6 I'm being tired and am wanting to go on vacation. Remem ber Dave Jen kins? 8 I see / Love. Jane You and me Unit] . proud. creative realistic. disciplined independent cooperative. d This describes an irritating habit thai someone has. life isn't all bad. Correct the wrong ones. creative.. she always complains I'm making the bur fries. a good friend relaxed./ X Mmm. 3 You're always watching baseball! --_~/'\/ c This describes a definite arrangement that will 4 I'm staying with a friend until I find happen in the future.Characteristic 1 2 Example Meaning serious. LANGUAGE NOTE Stative verbs are not normally used in the progressive form because the speaker is describing "states" and not "actions". 2 Are you knowing that strange man across the street? X Do you know 3 I see what you mean. a do the (l:!!!. Choose the correct tense. Jenny Carpenter? She' now t. ::=wa y. . b Read the e-mail again. but in fact he's always complainin e s suppose I make rench he never doe / she's never doing anything . I want 1 Mmm . conservative warm. I'm liking Ihis wine. active./ ". a fast food place. There's a guy in my closs wha thinks he knows everything. S I'm seeing my parenls n ext weekend . d Share your stories with the cJflSS. liberal. irritable romantic. Answer the questions. Put a check next to the correct sentences. apartment. X 5 Reading skills a Read jane's e-mail to Maureen. " ( writ!"!? '- 4 Grammar review and extension: present progressive a Match these examples of the present progressive with their meanings. delicious. 1 I can 'I go for a walk right now because a This describes a situation thai is developing or I'm studying for an exam. 1 What is the relationsh ip between Maureen and Jane? 2 Why is Jane writing so late al night? 3 How does Jane feel? Why? 4 What is Jane's good news'? Hi Maureen. It's only or a ew weeks but it's horrible. He's always interrupting the teacher. Partner large handwriting small handwriting slopes to the right slopes to the left upright connected regular. relaxed strong. generous modes!..~h~J. seein])him next Saturday night ! Write soon. . I like this wine. delicious. V' 4 I'm having two brothers and a sister.t's1>he only time I have to do an so busy! I have V I'm having a new job 'm workin I work at Faa 0 Go. I work like a slave ! There's this girl I work with. e This describes an action happening now. It's midn ight and I'm tired but 1 I write I'm writing a you 'nee I'm now beca~. b This describes a temporary situation or activity.i'im:~~ e c Tell your partner about someone you know who is "a pain".). 2 The rate of inflation is rising quickly now. I belong to a tennis club . b There are some mistakes in the senlences below. X I'm tired. the same irregular. changes large 3 4 "'"" ~ upright ~ 5 6 7 re9ular ir re filar 8 •• big loops ~ . changing. likes money M. 10 small loops ( / rI~. friendly shy. I think 4 you're knowing you know her. I'm belonging to a tennis club.

gray. dull) 5 red (loving. blond.eo- - 1 Vocabulary: colors a What color terms do you associate with tho items in the box? Make combinations with these words. In British English.:mill. hazel. 1 blue (radical. please (or Coffee with cream).blue eyes can be cold. fri endly) 3 yellow (qujet. say white coffee. e- Unit 1 You and me . death-like) b Think of other adjectives that you associate with these colors. fun) 7 black (unhappy. cold) 2 brown (warm.brown.:. I agree that blue is cold . rose. brown. dark. yellow b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 14. Why? I think that blue is a calm calor. U you want coffoo with . black. red. aggressive) 6 gray (respectable. say Coffee. ~ please. blue. white. light. with colors. If you wanl coffee witho~ milk.. Do you agree or disagree with the descriptions of the colors below? Give reasons. negative) 8 white (pure. bappy) 4 green (polluting.. yellow LANGUAGE NOTE - eggs wine coffee meat bread eyes hair people (skin color) eggs . It's a good color fo r bedrooms. white. especially adjectives. groon. you caP _ ea- 2 Speaking skills a We often associate words. say Black coffee.

we associate this calor with powerful emotions like anger. Noto: hazel is a light brown. butI'm not 0 going to menlioo the names ollhe colors! See if you can guesS !he IWo colors I'm lalking about. only darkness. we use it to talk about unhappy feelings and unhappy situations. Now for the second color. Bul before t begin. Welcome to the first lecture on ·CoIors and Culture: We're going to explore the ossocia1ions thot colors have in our culture today. the idea is tha t you eat fa st and go. this is probably the strongest color of all .-. we'liloak at the role of colors in our life. And within one culture. we feel there is no light. can be very. Irs no accident that many fast food restaurants are often painted in Ihis color. We also associate the color with high temperatures! It's also the color of love and revolution. tel's begin with color number one. Now. I will look at how color is interpreted In different ways by different cultures. the association . Can you guess the two colors I wos talking about? You and me T 10 Unill . I'm going 1 talk oboul two different colors. we all shore the some associations. In our cuUure. Irs the color 01 fire and it gives heal. For Exercise 3 on page 11 :::. Why? Well.. Okay. Now bock to my lillie experiment. II is no accident that "The God of War"" is named Mars. Okay. irs the color of evil. 2 Speaking skills Discuss the first color (blue) as a class to get students started. And what do you calithatlype of humor that laughs at terrible things in life. this color rePfesents alilhot is dork and negotive in our world. this color means sadness. Then ask stu dents to work in pairs to do the tasks in Exercises 28 and 2b . Brie ny elicit answers from the class. "'--- . and irs no surpl"ise that at a funeral most people wear this color. very different In the second port of this lecture. and it gives us energy. I wont 10 ploy a lillie game with you.. In most cultures. In such situations. t just wont to say that color is not on internolioool concept. Colors affect our lives and our feelings in many wafS. you see.. It's the color of death. Irs also the color 01 wor. such as dealh and wor? So. whal do I mean when I soy that color is not an international concept? The color red is the some for a person from Thailand and a person from Venezuela. In most Western cultures.----.the king of colors! We associate it with strong emotians such as anger and passion. as I said before.-- - . lers start. slightly green color. As on experiment.. But what Ihat color means . •• Mako sure students find the corroct section of the Vocabulary Summary on page 14 for Exercise lb. Bul as you will see taler in this talk. In the first part of this lalk.Objectives Vocabulary colors and color collocations Topic: colors Writing a paragraph Ustening a lecture Speaking making associations with colors Ask a few personalized questions 1 sellhe topic for the lesson: Whars your favorite color? Why? Are there 0 Introduce the topic any colors you don't/ike? What colors do you generally wear? What color is your bedroom? 1 Vocabulary: colors Direct students' attention to lho Language Note before asking them to do Exercise 1 a in pairs... and that we often refer to the planet Mars with this color. no! all cultures see colors in the some way.

In the States.think.-. \'.. let them listen again. a lot of the hooses are pointed in while and blue. o T 4 Writing skills Before doing Exercise 4a . but when you go to Japan you realize Ihat white hos completely different associations . irs a happy color. .ouse life and death are connected.S" you'll see peaple dressed in block at funerals. While is now also becoming common 01 weddings. So in most cultures in the U. Okay. blue is associated with peace and tranquility. 3 Listening skills Encourage lots of speculation in Exercise 3a as students try to predict the content of the lecture from the litle. Unill T 11 You and me .we talk about feeling blue when we feel sod or depressed.. On lhe Greek.'--. But be<. Start rhe next lesson by handing OUIthe texts at random and asking students to read and guess rhe writer. helping students with ideas and vocabulary.which originated from the sadness of the slaves in the southern Stotes. go around the class. for the Japanese. Once you have discussed the answers with the class.like. -oltemattve The oudioscript for Track 4 is on page no II... As students take notes in Exercise 4b. for example.. of lhe blue Mediterranean $eo and the bright blue skies. Answers: The speaker talks about red and black. lers turn to the ideo that different cultures interpret colors in different ways.. blue hos a complele1y different meaning. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. And that purity is symbolized in a bride when she wears white in a "white wedding: We might also soy thot her cheroder is -whiter than white" or "as white as snow: Now thors in the United States. You cou ld guess from the colors' associations. islonds.. Allow students to hear the audio only once to answer the gist question in Exercise 3b. white represents deoth. so. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. After students hove wrinen their texts.-----. Lers toke another example: blue in the United States is associated with sadness . in some cultures. you may need to play the audio twice before students get all the answers. but in contrast in Japan you con see people wearing white.. it is associated with rebirth. In Greece.. A 'white wedding' is on interesting example of how one culture will be inftuenced by another culture and "barrow" or adopt a new custom. For Exercise l e. check students understand thai fiery refors to colors associated with fire and that JlOvy blue is a dark blue color traditionally used in sailors' uniforms.tIite usually means something pure and cleon. You con understand this . collect them and correct them. white also has associations with being born again . let me give you on example -the color white. For Exercise 4d distribute the paragraphs randomly so that each student has a piece of writing that be longs to another student . but this is nattradilional. and they ore stunningly beautiful. The texts can then be returned to their writers. however. Encourage them to practice using English to talk about their own culture. Students cou ld compare their notes with lhose of a partner before doing Exercise 4c. and we even hove a type of music coiled "the blues" .

dings whiter than white 11 funera ls feelin~ blue = sa or 13 m USiC 10 I<ha [ a!O!!. 2 Ilu!an 3 U·S. Would you be attracted to this person? Why? I Why not? b Make notes on these questions. 1 How imp ortant is the color of clothes to you? 2 What colors do you tend to wear and why? 3 What colors in clothes. 9 wfui:e -wed. Read out th e paper your teacher gives to you.l[ 12 dep ressed the flues called hOllses painted blue & w hite 14 "--- d Discuss these ques tions. Can the other students guess who the writer is? Youond me Unit l . What do you thi nk the speaker will talk about? b Listen to Part 1 of the lecture.S. happiness /mdes.3 Listening skills o a You are going to listen to part of a lecture on "Colors and Culture". d Give your paper to the teacher. if any. Listen and complete them. Wh ich two colors does the speaker talk about? How did you guess? Look at th e notes a studen t made on Part 2 of "Colors and Culture". tranquill ity. 4 G>eec£ 5 PIICb': 6 deat h 7 sadness 8 peace. don't you like and wh y? 4 Do the colors of your clothes represent your personality? Why? / Why n ot? c Use your notes to write a short paragraph like the one in Exercise 4a. 1 What do blue and white mean in your country? 2 What do you personally associate with these colors? 3 Do you have any expressions in you r langu age related to these colors'? What are they? Can you think of expressions related to other colors? 4 What other colors have sp ecial mean ings in your country? Are there expressions related to these colors? '- 4 Writing skills a Read this short text. \1' c r--1 'Wbit~ U.

and the clothes a Listen to a tour guide talking to visitors in an art gallery. An abstract work A self· portrait (of ..1 Warm up a In pairs.... . J It shows . She's wearing . A water color It's a picture of two She's wearing ... ) An abstract work A self-portrait (of. I like it because of the In the foreground/backgroun d you can see. Then listen to the tour guide again and check your answers. I think irs Gennan . o 5 Compare 3 Prepare In pairs. ... Types of painting b Discuss these ques tions. Listen to the other pairs and note down any differences that you didn't find. ~ b Read the sentences below and complete them with some of the words from the box. put the words and phrases into the appropriate category in the tahle... I like it because of Lhe ... the city the country fashion landscapes passion portraits scheme seascapes theme the lown 4 Feedback Report the differences you found to the class.) 2 Task In groups.. In the foregroundlllacksround you can see . 1 [ think it's German. quickly find as many differences as you can between the two paintings above and write them down... How many of your points does the speaker mention? Make a note of the points you missed. . A water color An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painling (by . 1 Renoir painted portraits and landscapes 2 The two paintings show dancers in the city and in the country .. 3 Both paintings have a similar theme 4 Red is the color of love and passion Unitl You and me .. 1 Do you have a favorite artist? Who is it? What type of work does/did the person do? 2 Do you have a favorite painting? Talk about it. the colors. An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painting (by . II shows . . Phrases describing paintings U's a picture oflwo . write a short description comparing and contrasting the two paintings. Use tbese categories: The people and the place The activities The feelings..

Ask students to listen and note the points the speaker mentions. helping with vocabulary and language use. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 5a. present progressive a comparative description Speaking comparing and contrasting paintings Bring in pictures of famous paintings. the man is wearing a black suit and the woman is wearing a light dress. the colors. The woman in the second painting seems cold and uninterested. the woman is wearing a red hat and gloves . simple post. and the clothes The woman in the first painting seems happy. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise I b as a brief open class activity. 3 Prepare Go around the class.Objectives Grammar Topic: art Reading comparing a written and spoken text Writing Ustening a tour guide simple present. self-portrait (a painting of the artist by the artist). Then put students in small groups to extend the lists. The man looks passionate and in love with the woman. whereas in the second painting they are in a very grand building . cui from magazines. In both paintings. Encourage the rest of the class to take brief notes as they listen . The woman in the second painting is wearing a beautiful dress and white gloves . In the first painting. they are outside. ask. 2 Task Get students started by eliciting two or three differences from the class and writing them on the board. Give a short time limit. say four minutes. Put them on the classroom walls at the start of the lesson. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exer cise s b before playing the audjo again so that they can check their answers. as students write their descriptions.perhaps a ballroom. Once students are seated. Introducelhe Iopk 1 Warm up Ask students to do Exercise 1a in pairs. The oudioscript for Track 6 is on page Tl3 '!II You and me T 12 Unitl . a few to tell the class which painting they liked and why. The feelings. In the first painting. Ask students to walk around the class. Let students compare their notes in pairs before discussing as a class. you can see plants in the background. 4 Feedback Ask a few pairs to stand up and tell the class what differences they found. and decide on their favorite. Model answer: The people and the place I the activities Both paintings show a man and woman dancing.she's holding a fan. In both paintings. check that they have understood portrait (a painting of a person). look 01 the paintings. and landscape (a painting of a scene in the country).she is probably richer and more sophisticated than the woman in the first picture. When students report back to the class.

get the feeling that the firsl woman is crazy about him ". we can'! really see fhe man's foce at 011. Culture note The pointing in lhe righl-hond margin of Ihis page is Picadilly Orcus by laurence Stephen lowry (1887-19761. and she's wearing a long dress with a pattern of red flowers. Also cIlcollrllge Ihem to usc tho phrases they identified in Exercise 6b. but how do we know she's in love? Guide How do we know she's in love? Well. . He was. um .. As you know. passion. II could be a famous painting or a completety imaginary one. butlhere ore some .. Okay. uh . now So Kind of this one okay? Exercise 6c can be conducted as an open class discussion ... Unill T1 3 Yovondme . kind of . now. Tell each group lho! they are in the middle of on art gallery. uh . but the other one seems kind of bored so we . Tourist 2 Sorry. For Exercise G ask students to work in pairs. a famous British painter who specialized in crowded urban scenes. Iheme: young couples dancing. Additional activity Imaginary art gallery. as you can see they both have a similar ". uh . can I just ask you a question? There's something I don'l understand here . and the second one is called Donee in the Cityand . Tell students 10 think carefully about how Ihey are going to describe the painting to other people. He painted all kinds of pictures. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. He has a beard. Divide the closs into groups of four. find ouf which students in each group really broughl their paintings to life.one of the best.. right? In Donce in the City. uh . Now.this one. and he is standing very close to lhe young lady... he mostly pointed por1raits and landscapes. but there's also red in her fan. leI's begin by looking at the people. we can see tha t the colors are generally more somber. uh .. Ask students to work in pairs or small groups. so tho! shows us . To make the presentations in Exercise 7b more natural. we notice is lhe mon in the first pidure.. . Dance in the City. you could refer to them again for Exercise 7a. okay. look at Dance in the Countryogoin and nolice the colors.. we .... in Donce in the City. Guide Yes? Tourist 2 Well.. surrounded by painlings. in love with lhe man... Renoir was 0 French Impressionist . you said thaI Renoir . encourage students ilOilO look al their written descriptions as Ihey speak. Ask students to close their eyes and imagine one of the paintings they can see. uh.. now here we see IWO of Renoir's besl·known paintings: the first one Is called Donee in the Counlry. Okay... The 6rst !hing. Ask students to open Their eyes and toke turns describing lheir painting.. Remind students to usc the headings from exorcise 3 011 pago 12. For Exerc ise Sa on page 12 1't Tour guide Now. you see there? Oh yes. and Renoir often uses the color red in this way. interesting differences. uh .. Dance in IheCounlry we can see his foce. uh. if we turn 1 the 0 second picture. b Suggested answers: Okay. now look carefully ollhis girl and compare her to Ihe girl in the other picture. the first thing we nolice is the woman's red bonne!... uh. uh .•• 6 Notice Be fore asking students to do Exercise 6a. Co around lhe class and help.. So. of . particularly Renoir's use of red. Have them choose a painti ng and make notes to describe it. You can see Ihe first one's smiling and seems really happy... red is Ihe color of love. . but.. so .. Okay. Tourist l in love? Sorry to interrupt. os mony of you will know. help them identify where the lexts are from and that Text B is a transcript of an oral texl... Notice that in bo!h pictures we hove a young couple dancing. •• 7 Follow up If you brought in painti ngs to start the lesson. Afterwords.

Renoir primarily painted portraits and landscapes. Dance in the Country and Dance in the City. uh . died Cagnes. now. uh . as you can see they both have a similar. one can see a bearded man dancing very close to a smiling young woman. You can see the first one's smiling and seems really happy... uh . In the former. whereas the young woman in Dance in the City appears somewhat uninterested. but the other one seems kind of bored so we. but he mostly painted portraits and landscapes.. Okay. This young woman appears extremely happy. now look carefully at this girl and compare her to the girl in the other picture.. in Dance in the City.. we .. uh.ing at the people. Okay. c Give examples of similar expressions in your own language. He was. He painted all kinds of pictures. 7 Follow up a In pairs or small groups.. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. kind of .. .. get the feeing that the first woman is crazy about him .. make notes on it then write a short description of it.. we notice is the man in the first picture -this one. One of the greatest French impressionists. Make a list of differences between the two texts.. b Present your description of the painting to the class. uh . Renoir. let's begin by IooI<. 1841.. uh . Together. F rance. Auguste Renoir: born Umoges. theme: young couples dancing... Renoir was a French Impressionist .remember that spoken English is different from written English! You and me Unit 1 .. interesting differences. choose one of the paintings on this page (or one your teacher gives you).. we can't really see the man's face at all. but. now here we see two of Renoir's best -known paintings: the first one is called Dance in the Country and the second one is called Dance in the City and . two of Renoir's most famous paintings. uh. uh. there are several interesting differences between the paintings. now. Okay. Despite similarities in theme..we can see his face.. The first thing.. Tour guide Now as many of you will know. Don't just read out the written description . so .one of the best... okay? In Dance in the City. um . in love with the man. Okay. both feature a young couple dancing. . 19 19. The assumption is that the first woman is in love with her partner whereas b What expressions are typical of the spoken text? okay. uh . . Notice that in both pictures we have a young coup~ dancing but there are some ..6 Notice a Compare the written and spoken texts about the artist. he has a beard and he is standing very close to the young lady. Dance in the Country ..

things that are true: • an irritating habit that someone has: You're &Ways interrupting me. lighVdarI< hair people (s kin c olor) Unit 1 You and me .. brown (tan from the sun). tell -+ told. dark . regular actions: I often go to the movies.".nite. sad) black. weather's good . which you need 10 learn: go -+ went.Ie -+ maved Cho o se three adjectives that describe each of thes e people: yoo With verbs ending in consonant + -y. Neutral realistic ~ined Negative irritating """""" -. it gets better.I hate itl 2 Review and extension of simple past Use Vocabulary Summary 1 Adjectives: personality Posffive • a single action in the past that is now finished: We went to a bar last night. white (British English onty) reel. feelings and desires at the IJ(esent tine: I want a break. white. not nine! Fo. Question: Does she work hard? Do they work through lunch? V 5 "How's Kevin's leg?" "OIl.E RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of simple present Use a facts. I work as an engineer. red. Her two friends work there.we're having a fami ly dinner.en) brown. light. blond. v. green.it's just th81 we won't be here.".live """" romantic cooservative quiet radical dul sad rod cooperative sboog modest attractive """" bomg irritable ~"" Negative: We didn 't m eet until pretty /ate In the evening. Fo.. I'm surell do love you! QuestiOn: Are you reading anything good? Is the use o r the te n ses in these sente nces c orrect? Put a c heck by th e correct senten ces and correct th e wrong o nes. drink -+ 2 Collocations with colors eggs wine wtYte. red (sleepy. '00. Affirmative: I'm reading a really interesting book right now. yellow. hazel. tired. black. They often diedyoung. 1 "Vv'hat are you majoring in?" "I'm majoring in history: V V 2 These tomato plants are growing very quickly if the weather's good. dark.. rootioe.. eat -+ ate. They don't worle /ate very often.flite. gray. emphaSizing a fact/feeling: He does live'here. fT'IO. stay -+ stayed -+ liked.. Affkmative: We m e t friends and had pizza last night. rose black. permanent situations and states: lINe in BtaziI. Jeff is always turning up late these clays. carry -+ carried With one-sylLable verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant. She's studying French art and architecture. Negative: She doesn't work on the weekend. but he can't walk yet. a situation that is developing or changing: Susan is losing a lot of weight. white. Vllhat are you doing? a temporary situation or actMty: My sister is living in France right now. blue. black (German dark rye bread) an action happening now: I'm reading about grammar. double the consonant: plan -+ planned. b c d e The soo riSes in the east and sets in the west.. brown reel. brown. These tomato plants grow very quickly if the Fo. people my nickname . Negative: We aren 't reading vet)' much right now. • a definite anangeo"Ie(ll for the future: We're leaving at six tomorrow morning and meeting the others at the airport.". brown. """ '''''''' """""""" urI1appy happy Question: Did you meet them at the restaurant? Emphatic: I did call you! Note the spelling rules for regular past forms: With most verbs.JAC:. I feel tired. add -ed: look With verbs ending in -e.. 4 Our neighbors are always playing loud music late at night and it really annoys me. dark (chid<. white. remove -y and add -ied: study -+ studied. phi your best friend your mother or lather -+ 3 Review and extension of the present progressive coffee m eat b read eyes Use • • • pro"ad A lot 01 verbs have an irregul<v past form. I usuaRy watch comedies. probably because her mother is getting sicker and she's worried. Affirmative: She w orks in a bank. buy -+ bought. """" act"" ""'" """""""" "" w""' """.0 • emphasizing a fact/feeing: You did say you'd moot me at eight. add -d: like organized "'m respectable -+ looked. gray. 3 I can't see you ton ight . • a continuous situation or repeated action that is now firished: People lived in poverty in those days. · it's getting botter 6 I'm never telling people my nickname -I hate it! I never tell Emphatic: We do wa nt you to s tay longer .

You do not have any debt 2 You can ask me till you are blue in the face but I won't do it! There is no use trying to persuade me 3 He's too green to do that job. verb Blue: noun Green: noun Red: nOUD 2 Which two eolors can describe an unhappy feeling? Bl ack. c A dictionary is full of information about words and phrases.Using a dictionary 1 Dictionaries you have used In small groups. 53 at the back of your book and look at the section on how to use your dictionary.ent Pronunc iation 3: gen ·er-ous 4 : re-spec·ta·ble 8en-er -011s re-spec·ta-bJe ro-m -an-tic dis-ci-plined uD-hap. 4 I see a word or phrase that I am curious about. b Discuss your answers. 1 Do you own a dictionary in your language? If yes. 3 I see a word or phrase that is important to understanding a text.If a )1.I. For example the adjective strong can collocate to produce a strong leader or a strong drink but not a strong enemy. make a list of the different pieces of information an English-English dictionary can give you. In pairs. would you buy one? Why? I Why not? 2 Information a dictionary can give you a Would you use a dictionary in these situations? Write . Make a list of some more useful things that you learn about the information an English·English dictionary can give you. or ? I would use a dictionary every lime: 1 I see a word or phrase that I don'. when do you use it? 3 Have you ever used an English-English dictionary? If you don't have one. bl ue c How many meanings do the adjectives black and green have in the dictionary entries? 7 d What do you think the f(jlowing phrases ~n Italic) mean? Check your ideas in the dictionary entries.py • mdl'penckln[ Idscn(<l)ldsl In'spe k [~bll • 3: ro-man-tic 3: dis-ci-plined 3: un-hap-py • kou'mrenuk/ Idlsaphnd/ IAn'hrepJ / romantic disciplined unhappy • independent generous respectable f Words often collocate with other words. two ". Which of the words in the box apart from leader and drink can strong also collocate with? ACTION PlAN [> 8 leader drink discussion marriage swimmer film Strong swimmer Strong marriage Your action plan: using our dictionary Tum to page 152 and . 1 Can any of the "color adjectives" be nouns or verbs? If so. can you add anything more to the list you made in Exercise 2c? 3 USing a dictionary a Why do you think some of the words are in red? What do the one'. which ones? Bl ack: noun. J felt very embarrassed e Use the dictionary entries to complete the table below with information about the words in the box.00 is cou:nf4l:1e or U:'1u:ounMile. discuss these questions. when do you use it? 2 Do you have a bilingual dictionary? If yes. d Now klok at the dictionary extracts on page 154. te1L }fJU. Number of syllables 4: in·de-pend·ent Main stress in·de-pend. Jt can.)(. 2 I see a word or phrase that I can'.£'1m1e 'm?Yd. figure out. He has no experien ce 4 When I got the answer wrong I turned red with embarrassment. Note: You will need to show your list to a classmate at the end of Unit 2. and three ••• categories mean? b Use the dk:tionary entries on page 154 and 155 to answer the following questions. know. 1 We're still in the black thanks to my new job. You and me Unit l . Jt can telL 'if!I! dJf/eYe:nl ?'Itet1m11fjS of the .

Answer the questions. which didn't pay much . simple past To express that we wnw accustomed to something in the past.A . discuss these questions. or repealed actions in the Why is it important? Salma Hayek was horn. simple past 2 . International Rela tions September 2nd. a job in a local theater. simple past 5 Although Hayek was used to considerable success .... was used to + ing verb 4 . Student B: Look at page 151. or was used to + noun/-ing verb. be used to Frida huge success in U. I'm used to gelling up early in the morning. situations. Unil2 Fame and fonune . De LANGUAGE NOTE + used to + noun/-ing verb can be used in the present or the past: 1 2 3 4 What is your favorite movie? Who starred in it? What was it about? How successful was the film commercially? She wasn 'f used to going against her pareIlt~· · wishes. I like if.. in fact. used to + verb.. 1 Her parents sent her to a private Catholic school in Louisiana. d In pairs. My Crazy Life popular TV soap career in Hollywood first hig break • 5 6 pasl Ihal are nol true or that don't happen now.. Student A: Look at page 150. 1 Who is the person? Z What do you know about her background? 3 Can you name any of her movies? 4 Have you seen any of her movies? If so..1 Reading skills a Look at the pictures of this famous person. be used to a Look at the examples below. was used to + noun For habits. used to For situalions and actions that are now finished. Then write the correct form by the rules: simple past. she used to misbehave constant! y .. Info rmat ion 1 2 Grammar review and extension : simple past. what did you think of them? b You are going to read an article about this person. e Now complete this chart with your partner. used to. used to + verb 3 Hayek wasn't used to going against her parents' wishes .. 1966 University 2 3 Teresa L..S...

they tend to ovoid using these forms.l6r lennis. 2 Grammar review and extension: simple past. used to. Draw st udents' attention to the Language Nole and ask them to think of some examples of their own. ~ Quick grammar guide: used 10 Students often forget to use 10. be used to Have students foad the exam ples in Exercise 2a. and a pefSOfl/lhing thaI is important in your life. and person/thing in his or her life. They tJS98 . the dole you become a teacher. If a post imperfect tense in the students' own language expresses the some meaning as used to. Common problems and errors t . Then ask students 10 match the forms to the rules.. Check with the class which form is being used in each exam ple. The form used to + infinitive talks about post slales and habits thaI are no longer Irue. used 1 do. Make sure students only read the text and complete the graph that is on "their" page. without showing Mch other their graphs. Encourage students 10 share any information they know. Otld person/thing ore important to you. place. the name of your dog. Then have each student write down on important dole. Tell pairs to complete Exerciselc together. have a briof class discussion. lor example. 0 be used to doing a mini autobiography speaking from graphic information Write on the board a dole. tell each student clearly whether they are student A or student B. in pairs. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Aflor students hAve discussed the questions in Exercise 1a briefly in pairs. bull never ploy on Sunday. and it means be occuslomed 1 The confusion arises from the 0 0. similarity of the forms. a place. but don'. Before starling Exercise l b. learners sometimes think thal lhey are expressing a post habit when they use a simple post form of a verb in English. In the form be used to + ing. usedis on adjective and 1 is a preposition. and ask them 10 interview a partner. If there are no identical forms in the students' own language. Students think the form used /0 + infinitive can be used in a present form and confuse it with usually. I tJSe Ie :eJe)' baseball on Saturday. tell them anything extra at this stage. elici t feedback from the whole class. You may wish to check students understand them: kicked oul of school = expelled from school dropped oul of school = /eft school before completing studies gol a big break •• Vocabulary extension =hod a greal opportunity Ihe film bombed = the film was very unsuccessful. The texis on page 150 ond 151 contain a number of very colloquial expressions. place. Tell the closs 10 osk you questions 10 find oul why the dole.Objectives Grammar Topic: biographies of famous people Reading a biography Writing Speaking simple pasl. After students have discussed the questions in Exercise ld . the town you were born. Fameondfortune T1 6 Unil2 .

or limeli ne. Have students complete Exercise 2g ind ividually. Demonstrate how to interrupt with questions. 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow the steps in Exercise 4a to write a 50· word autobiography. Finally. and moni tor to make sure thoy are applying the rule correctly. on the board and briefly drawi ng your "li fe " a ll it (see pages 150-1 51 for examples). helping with ideas and vocabulary. Elicit additional questions from the class until you feel students understand their task. Prase . ask stvdents to research and write the biography of their favorite movie or sports star. Go around the class as they write. Encourage students to do this during th e activity. AcIdttIonaI octivity For homework. Then have students draw their own timelines and label them with key events. Before putting students in pairs fo r Exercise 3b. Tell the class about a ile or two good or bad things from your life. Then ask them to check with a partner before discussing tho answers with the whole dass. Use Exercise zf as a lead-in to the text by asking the whole class the questions. model the speaking task by asking a capable student to talk about his or her life. Then ask them to work individually. Unil2 T 17 Fame and fortvne . tl 3 Speaking skills Model the activity in Exercise 3a by d rawing a graph.) Have students work in pai rs for Exercises 2d and 2e . Discuss the qucslion in Exercise 2c with the whole class and ask them fo r the reason why this is so. ask students to share with the class the false info rmation in each au tobiography. ask them to exchange the ir autobiography with a partner fo r Exercise 4b.talkln Help students generate ideas by writing the following prompts on the board at the start of the activity: Bom etIterncIIWe 510rled school Moved house/ fawn Left school Mel Possed_ Woo__ When students are ready. Answers will vary with students' background knowledge.Do the fi rst express ion in Exercise zb as an example to got students started. rather than just taking turns to give informa tion. (Some phrases can only be used with simple past because they refer to one fi nished time in th e past.

because I didn't use to I asn't used to hearing that dialect. Which of the a Think about the ups and downs in your life. 4 Give your autobiography to a partner. He 8 scored two goals in the 5-2 win over Sweden. Which ones? 1 When I was a child. In groups.he 4 pIayedlused to play barefoot! To make money. when. in Brazil. Follow these steps: 1 Make brief notes for your autobiography. Pele couldn't afford soccer shoes. phrases as possible. of your ups and downs. .i often used to visit my grandparents. I visited my grandparents ___ _ _ __ e Choose the correct verb form in each sentence.b We can use a number of time words with the 3 Speaking skills simple past. It was difficult at first . In two sentences both forms are correct.c . His family 3 were very poor and when he was a boy.Pew (popular name of Edson Arantes do Nascimento) Born 1940. He 11 played/competed in 1. 2 Last night we used to go {. compete be (x2) be born make vote play (x2) score shine spend win . and with used to. we often € : D sed to to the theater. 1 Do you know who this is? 2 What do you know about him? 4 Writing skills a You are going to write a mini-autobiography.. at Christmas time both when I was a child both Student B: Interrupt A to ask questions with did. He 9 won a second winner's medal in 1962 and a third in 1970. he 5 shinedlused to shine other people's shoes. expressions can go with both? Make notes and draw a graph.. Interrupt yesterday simple past last night simple past your partner to ask questions. in 2002 simple past at midnight both b In pairs.. or be + used to.. 5 My grandparents~used to JIEPin an apartment near the beaCh. He 2 was born in Tres Coracoes. b Read your partner's autobiography.. Pele 6 made his intemational debut when he was 16. etc. 6 Did you use to 4Il. soccer player Most people believe Pele 1 was the most successful player in the history of soccer.-en~to the movies. But his feet didn't hurt when he played . and at 17 he 7 played/competed for Brazil in the 1958 World Cup Final. 4 I couldn't understand the S ish here at first. -- . 3 W en we lived in New York.d y09 my some beer this morning? f Look at the picture on the right. used to. In 1980 the sports wond 12 voted him "athlete of the century". ~ I was used to walk to school. three days ago simple past on my last birthday simple past Student A: Talk about your life. as on pages 150 when I lived in Canada both last winter simple past and 151. Use the simple past. discuss these questions. He 10 spent most of his career at Santos (1956-74) and then with the New York Cosmos (1975-7). show each other your graphs. using the graph to help you. 2 Include one thing about yourself that is not true. at nine o'clock both this morning simple past why.. because I wasn't used to the cold or speaking French. B Where did you live after that? A We moved to Quebec. Can you find the information that is not true? g Complete the text below with the verbs in the box. 3 Write your autobiography in about 50 words.281 goals.363 first-class games (1955-1977) and scored 1... c Which go only with the simple past? d Complete the sentences with as many time A I used to live in Texas. where. and in Brazil he is a national hero.

" Gett) ' always counted his millions very carefully. another tells of wher Italian terrorists kidnapped his grandsori-" and he refused to pay the ransom money! Eventualiy. for tIll'S. money to pay for the child's freedom. for his miserliness..." n f Unil2 Onassis ch eighree 8 magnate ~ e Greek .. the only son of the world 's wealthiest businessman. ships) Fome ond fortune .-. .: rea~ GLOSSARY stingy doesn't like spending money miserliness being stingy.. "Be n' '. installed a pay-telephone for guests in his English mansion. ""The famous billionaire always said hi~ wealth was the result of hard work." people needed. ..w . n dream abOut shiPPin --Aristotle F rd founder of the Ford Motor Company.. J. ed fj day and . he was well known." The greatest thing in life is to keep your nund young.." Wilson M' 'zner. refusal to spend money ransom money money demanded by kidnappers to release their prisoner insta ~lm e nts. . ecause you'll Ice to peopl ' meet them e on yOUr on the waydo. n hOur 'orked maintain h' s a day to s as a welde/ fortune.. . you don't have a billion dollars. said.. the money had to be paid bac in installments. au ShoUld' e said Y It' ev . h nk Inane . Jr. 1 What does he say about being a billionaire? 2 In what ways was Getty "stingy"? A Stingy Billionaire '---' John Paul Getty (18921976).... I worked hard for my money. "I I' believe in the dignity of labor. . he agreed to lend his son th. However. believed. "I haVt=-'" no problem with being wealthy. ... 1 Which one most refl ects the secret of Getty's success? 2 Which advice did Getty ignore? 3 In your opinion. an: answer these questions. which is the best advice? N~". he was worth over a billion dollars. I produced think. part payments made regularly over a penod or lime John D. Anyone who stOPS learOlng 1S 0."When Getty died. ld hether at H enry 0 . "If you can count your-.. whether with head or hand. .. In fact.. . screenwriter. one of the richest"'--" people in history. c the advice below given by four mil lionaires and answer these questions. One • story has it that h \..Having a fortune 1 Reading skills a WouJ d you like to be a millionaire? Why? I Why not? b Read the magazine article about th multi-milli?naire. Rockefeller.lOu h ·. In YOUr SIeep. .ghry Anyone who keeps learrung stays young. . th wrote in one '. e renOwned U S way up b of hiS bOOks.g. aVe to chi Or rhe "}j nJghr . He top "'1' and ajTh Starred . said.... GLOSSARY magnate weallhy and powerful person welder person who makes metal jOints le. ..money. Paul Getty. twenty or el ..

Answers: 1 Onassis's advice reflects the secret of Getty's success. Review the pronunciation and definition of the words. F ame and fortune T 18 Unit 2 . as needed . Before asking students to read the article in Exercise lb. Ask students whether they agree with ony of the sayings. who had to pay it back. you weren't a billionaire. Money con't buy me love. 2 Getty ignored Mizner's advice. The love of money is the roof of off evil.hat it is impossible to count how much money they have. check they understand the questions and draw their attention 10 the Glossary. instead he lent the ransom money to his son. Check answers to questions 1 and 2 and hold a class vote on question 3. b illionaires are so rich t.. Why? Why not? Ask students how imponont money is in their lives. Ask them to complete Exercise lc in pairs. Answers: 1 Gelly said if you could count your millions. under stingy or wealthy. ~ Vocabulary extension Ask students in pairs to put the synonyms in the corred categories. In other words. Introduce !he topic 1 Reading skills Discuss the question in Exercise la as a class. 2 He installed a pay phone for guests.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: money Reading a profile of a famous person Ustening interviews money: noun-verb collocations Write one or two of the following well-known sayings on the board: Money makes the world go oround. Encourage students to explain their answers . Then write the following words at random on the board: mean rich well-off miserly prosperous fight-fisted t . he refused to pay the ransom for his grandson. Write the following two words from the text at the top of the board: stingy and wealthy. Draw students' attenti on to Ihe quotes and the Glossary in the lower half of the page.

the results do seem to prove that. though they hod no need 10 work anymore. isn't it? And it even made some people less happy.thars amazing! Janet It is. ask whether they were "typical" of lottery millionaires in each category. Janet. Hoving money means you can offord to make choices. Bob Yes. yel only a tenth of those questioned switched to private doctors. winning a lot of money mode no difference to peaple's love lives: 95% of married couples stayed married' Bob 95%' Thars a huge percentage. Almost half the winners.paid jobs and move inlo something less welt paid but that they really wanted to do. Janet The other interesting point is that the majority of the people who answered Ihe questionnaire gave money to members of their family. And that isn'l always the case. only 17% of respondents didn't! Bob Mmm. Welt. Bob So 15% of people actually went out and found a new job al1hough they didn't need lo? Janet Thars right. Did you ask them aboullove? Janet love. I con understand thot. In our survey. and stress of investment and salary. Janet Yes. Set a time limit for Exercise 2c (for example. that makes sense.2 Vocabulary: money After students have done Exercise 2a in pairs. and see which pair can produce the greatest number of combinations. pay for something when you hand over money for it. said the win hod made them happier and just two per cent said it mode them less happy. just over half of all the people. Have studen ts attempt Exercise 3c before you play the audio again for them to complete it. irs very encouraging. make sure they understand tha t win has a different meaning to earn. and the firsl is happiness. yes. Yes. In Exercise 2b. you said. kept the some job.. flying. We look atlhe results in different categories. Have the whole class check in Exercise 2d. In the sludio this morning is Janet King. Only 15% of the winners quit their job for a new one . Janet Well. really. Well. thars 48%.or more in the lost five years? They wont to find out if the win changed these people's lives. "Whars the poinl of winning so much money if it doesn·t change your life?"" Unit2 T 19 Fame and fortune . and that you lend to and borrow from . Draw students' attention to the Language Note at the bottom of the page. 55%. as you know. Bob Mmm. Bob It mode no difference to 42% of people . Have students change partners before doing Exercises 2e and 2f.so to find out if money makes people happier? Janet Exactly. investing. we did. you know the old saying thaI money can'l buy love? Well. Bob. So. o o - 7'~--------------------------------------------Bob Now. Bob I suppose it"s a perfect opportunity for people to improve their children's education? Janet Indeed. enjoying themselves. we've just had the results from Ihe lolest survey. whose market research company conducted the most r8(ent survey. Actually. how has winning a fortune affected the lives of those tucky people? Janet Good morning. Set the scene by asking students a few questions: How would you (eactto winning a million dollars in the fot/ery? What would you spend the money on? How do you think it would change your life? After students have listened to the audio in Exercise 3b and completed the SUIveycolumn. five min utes). and they're very interesting.thars nearly two million dollars . or soiling. and Ihars also very interesting. We assume that those people were able 10 leave well. make money from working. etc. Bob Two percent.. even though they hod become rich. Bul you'd think lt1at people would wont to spend lime doing other things. we also asked about work. Half of those people who changed jobs started their own business. So that's quite surprising. rum money from your job. the picture appears to be that a 101 of people lend not 10 change their lives very much after a huge win. and a massive 42% felt it had mode no difference. You might ask. My salory is the amount of money I earn in my job. Check pronunciation of waste and receipt. ti Presentation alternative 3 Li stening skills Read the situation in Exercise 3a as a class. So. and only 16% of the winners took up an expensive new hobby like golf. we asked about leisure time. and major choices are health ond education. check pronunciation of cam and lose and that students can use the words correctly. Bob Happiness . and the 4% who said that they were separated or divorced were probobly going to get divorced anyway' Now. \n locI. Then ask students to use their imagination to complete the Me column in the chart. did you know that The Notional Lolferyin the United Kingdom has sent out questionnaires to all the people who have won a million pounds . and about three percent only decided to send their kids to private schools. Surprisingly.

i!X. . Imagine thi s situation: five years ago. Verbs make cam spend save lend borrow waste win lose pay investment credit card salary receipt money cash Nouns 1 money in tho form of bills and coins cash 2 something you buy in order to make more money later on investment 3 get some money from a person or an institution. I did not quit worn. 1 fli1l?A..ne5S 2 love 3 work 4 leisure 5 hcallh 6 educatjon LANGUAGE NOTE YOll d In pairs." ~ c The represontative of the company discusses six categories. 55% 2% 42% 4% 48% 15% 16% d Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. Think about wha t your answers would be and complete the "Me" column with "yes" or "no.2 Vocabul ary: money a Find a word from the box for each of the descriptions below. to -rnak an. It made me unhappy. It made no difference to my happiness. There arc six extra words. 0 b Listen to an interv iew. you won a million dollars in tho loltery. have cash credit card 7 give someone money temporarily. Thon tell the class your ideas. t switched to private medical care.. 1 How much does a doctor earn in your country'? Z Do you ever waste money buying things you don't need ? 3 When was the last time you lent money to a frie nd'! 4 What do you spend most of your money on'? 5 Have you over won any money in a competition? 6 Do you pre fer to -P. c Make as many verb-nou n combinations as you can wit h the words in the box above. 1 Do any of the results surprise you? If so. discuss these questions. Comp lete the missing percentages in tho las! column o f the table. and had throe children. 10% 3% 83% r Ask and answer the questions fro m Exercise 2e with a part ner. 50"". Listen agai n and write them.J.~!e. e Complete tho sentences with an appropriate verb from the box. I got a new job. 1 Me The win made me happier. moved to a new neighborhood. 9 We sent the children to a private school.. 5 6 7 8 I took up an expensive new hobby. I gave money to my family. which'! 2 Why do you think winning a lot of money made some people unhappy? 3 What resu lts would the same survey produce in your country? lend sometbing to someone You borrow some/lrills /rom someone Fame ond fortune Unit 2 . Since then you have gotten murried . to be paid back laler borrow 4 got money or a pr i z~ in a competition or louory will 5 usc monoy or lime in an inefficient way waslo 6 you can pay with this if YOLI don'.by cash or credit card? 2 3 4 My partner and I got divorced. You just received the questionnaire on tho right that the lottery has sent to all its winners in the past five yoars. tn.. 3 Listening skills a How would you react to winning the lottery? Read the situation below and complete the task. they will pay it back lend 8 what you got as proof of buying something receipt 9 what yO ll recoive overy month for working sa lary 10 use money to buy things spend b Check that you understand the other nouns and verbs in the box obove.

. with several novels to her name. he was clearly past his m.'St. o nly to come back to the sport. d Which of tho people might have theso regrets? Which ono was 1I0t a persolla] choice? '. as an author took off. e Allende Born in Chile. He was captain of the Argentinian tcam when they won their second Wo rld Cup in 1986. fD Mar adona He became Argentina's youngest ever international soccer player in 1977. but he went on to become the greatest basketball plllyer of all time. his career ended only a few years later.. she has become the bestknown South American author. She was unable to find work in her chosen career as a jou rnalist. Sadly. Match each one with one of the people in the pictures. he failed to get OnlO the school basketball team. Make a note of the nchlCvcments and failures.. has also been made into a film.. but it was there that her career . 1 It was really stupid to got into that sluff.Regrets 1 Readi ng skills a Discuss these questions. She went toVenezuela with her husband and children.. Her most famou s. of each of those people. Uni!2 Fame and fortune .. House of the Spirits.it was 1101 a personal choice o lorda n A link known fuel: when he was in high school. 1 Can YOll identify the people ill the pictures? 2 What do you know about them? b Read the extracts quickly. after accusations of drug abuse. Discuss thorn with a parlner. Since then. 2 I wish I hadn't gone back after I retired 3 I was very sorry to have to leave my co~ntry. Isabe l Allende had to leave her country . if appropriate. c Rea~ lhe extracts ogain. she had to leave the country of her birth after the military coup of 1973. and in 1982 h e became the world's most expensive soccer player when h e transferred to Barcelon a. b ut when he came back the second time to play fo r the WashinglOll Wizards. He retired twice. Maybe he wasn 't good enough for the school tcam.

George No! And you turned him down? Bill Well. Encourage them to foc us on completing the task. and not to waste time trying to understand the passages in depth. Bill Tao lole 10 change it now. Joe owns this place and all the other Lucky Joe reslauranls. but don'. This is delicious. yeah!? Bill Yeah . and he'd saved enough money George Uh huh? Bill Enough money to open a little hamburger place and . ah. Joe and I used to work in the same factory after we left school. Encourage lots of speculation. Incredible! No! George Yeah. George It's nat as big as some fast food chains.Objectives Grammar Topic: regrets Vocabulary regrets: I wish / If school a nd careers: only collocations Pronunciation Reading intonation short biography expressing interest extracts and surprise Ustening Speaking discussing personal regrets a conversation 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. George Mm. If only I'd said yes . 8 For Exerc ise 3 on page 21:"!11 Bill Mmm. _you won't believe this . Bill Yeoh. give away any answers yet In Exercise l b. right. mine's not 100 good. a hundred! George Incredible! Bill Y eah. they must be making a 101 of money. Bill . You know irs always busy here. . about a hundred outlets all over the world! George A hundred? Bill Yep. he's gal a chain of. but old Joe's doing okay. Usten . George Really? Bill Really_We used to go to the same school George You're kidding! You used to go to the same school I? Bill Yeah. you know. I've regret1ed it a thousand times. A hundred? Uh huh Yeah. p ast his best wh en he came back tbe second time 2 A chievements: successful author Failures: had to leave Chile: couldn ' t find work as a journalist 3 Achievements: Argentina's yowlgest ever soccer player. students should quickly road the extracts and match them to the pictures . George Yeah.. A n swers: 1 Achiev ements: greatest basketball player of al! time Failures: failed to get onto school basketball tearn. Fame and fortune T 20 Unit 2 . he asked me to join him. 1 \~ For Exercise 4 on page 21:"!11 Reolly? You're kidding! Oh. amazing. right . We were buddies.. and now he's . captain of Argentina when they won the World Cup in 1986 Failures: drug abuse D iscuss Exercise ld with the whole class. yeoh. George Joe? Bin Joe Espinosa. George What? Bill Well. yeah and then he went on to open a second hamburger ioint and Ihen a third . be his partner. Answers: Extract 1: Michael Jordan Extract 2: Isabel Allende Extract 3: Diego Maradona The other picture on page 20 is of Gabriel Garda Marquez In Exercise lc students should rea d the texts carefully for detaiL Ask students to make brief notes individually and then discuss their n otes in pairs . well... Bill Oh.. George Oh.. I wish I'd ordered a cheeseburger. most expensive soccer player... you know.

Using your hand. Note that in 2. Presentation alternative Ask students to imagine thai they ore 0 famous person. Common probktms and errors Students try to express regrets about the present with a present form. make a gesture that moves steeply down. Concentrate on intonation. pause after each word and ask the whole class to repeat. The oudioscripts tor Track 8 and Track 9 ore on page T20 '" Unit2 T 21 Fame and fortune . Answers: 2 I wish / 3 I wish / 4 I wish I 5 I wish I 6 I wish I If only I had some friends here. If only I lived in the city. which is usually not acceptable. 5 Vocabulary: school and careers Model the activity for Exercise 5c by asking three or four questions in open class. ask students to concentrate on answering the questions. Unlike mony other longuoges. Have them write down three regrets lhatthey think that person might have.t ·· ~ 2 Grammar: regrets Use the picture and the questions in Exercise Za to establish the context: the man wants his situation to be different now. Then elicit from students what they think the man might be saying: I wish [were younger / more handsome. Ask for volunteers to report back to the class. Allow enough preparation time (for example. Draw students' attention to the Language Note. Ask students to read the regrets aloud to their group or to the class. 4 Pronunciation skills: expressing interest and surprise Quick pronunciation guide English has a very wide range of intonation. five to ten minutes) for them to feel confident when retelling. 6 Speaking skills Elicit one or two "regrets" from the class. This can lead to errors. then up. Itfonly I wish/If only + post perfect is used to express regrets about the past. the fall and rise are much steeper when expressing surprise than when expressing interest. Then allow students two minutes to tbink of ideas for the topics. Have the other students guess which famous person they are. After students have listened again in Exercise 3b. Compare answers to Exercise 4a around the class. Another problem is that the students' language may have no specific verb equivalent to wish but moy use a subjunctive form equivalenlto want / would like. If only I had listened to my parents. I wish I eFR taller. so students need to exaggerate the way they express interest and surprise in order to sound "natural: The intonation pattern for both interest and surprise can be represented by a falling arrow then a rising arrow. t 3 Listening skills Before playing the audio for Exercise 3a. English has no well-developed subjunctive form. If only I hadn't given up my job in the city. If only I made enough money here. Encourage students to use the intonation patterns when responding. Allow students to choose the story to expan d in Exercise 4c. However. Students often try to convey the subjunctive with would + verb. Then d iscuss the answers as a class. I wish I wel:JkJ !ilre in a quieter area. Elicit wish sentences in response to question 4. Play the audio only once and compare answers with the whole class. Quk\( grammar guide: I wish I wish/If only + simple past is used to talk about wonting things to be different about the present.' ''''e!:J/c/ have more money. Then ask one or two indiv iduals to repeat. Let students check their sentences in Exercise 2d in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. Ask students to work in pairs to complete Exercise zb and to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. ask them to check in pairs. any changes to some because the sentence changes from negative to positive. In Exercise 4b. I would like !/:Je!. Have them write notes but not whole sentences. to encourage students to express surprise through intonation.

1 Who did Bill use to go to school with? Joe 2 Where did Bill and joe use to work? the same factory 3 What did joe do after he left the factory? opened a hamburger place 4 What does Bill wish? he had said yes when joe asked hjm to be his partner F ame and fortune Uni! 2 . slore. o 3 Listening skills a Listen 10 the conversation. huh. They were right. Really? Oh. college. school. though some people think it is old-fashioned. she. 3 How does he feel about the situation'? Unhappy. 5 Vocabulary : school and careers a Which of lhe nouns in the box can you put with each verb group'! college company factory job orrer money partner school store team leave / drop oul of I quit college.. 1 Stories YOIl saw a very strange animal when you were out for a walk in the woods yesterday. Which statements are regrets about or desires for Ihe present? Which are regrets about the past? 1 If only I looked better. It is more formal. school. I really miss my best friend from high school. c Choose one of the "stories" below and make notes on it. When you listen to your partner's story. b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. 4 Can he change the situation? No. Use the sentences in Exercise 2b to help you. 2 Was he attractive fifty years ago? Yes.ly. 3 II was stupid to give up my job in the city. school 3 become partner 4 found/start company 5 open slore. I wish + were is always correct. factory 6 work for company 7 work atlill factory. past 3 If only I hadn't lost my beautiful hair. talk about th ings you either regret in your life now or regret about your past. Answer the questions. he. No! lID lID III lID ~ b Listen again and repeat the phrases. Then tell your partner. d Make wishes about Ihese sentences. b The man expresses his regrets in different ways. your parents won the lottery. II wish I were rich. jobs. and there: 1 wish 1 was rich. + the Ilast perfect tense. 1 Is the man attractive now? No. We can express regrets about the present with I IDm and If only + the simple ~ tense. 2 You were invited to the Oscars and you met some famous movie stars. A Did YOll leave school when you were 16? 8 No. We can express regrets about the past with I wish and If .. we can use either was or were after [. 2 Grammar: regrets a Look althe picture above. Answer these questions. c Which of these have you done in your life so far? Ask and answer in pairs. 3 When you were young. Incredihle! III III III lID You're kidding! A hundred!? Yeah. 1 Where are the speakers? fast food restaurant 2 What are they doing? eating. IlVish I hadn't moved to this toWll.!!D. 5 I prefer living in the cily. present 2 r wish I hadn't lost my good looks. 4 [don't make enough money here. ~ b Listen agai n and answer these questions. Which ones express interest? Which express surprise? Write I or S in the boxes. usc expressions from Exercise 4a to show interest and surprise. 1 I moved to this lawn a year ago and [don't like it.. learn 2 graduate from college. school. fami ly. right . it. [wish I had kept in touch with h er. I graduated from high school when I was 18. talking 3 What is their relationship'! friends 6 Speaking skills In pairs. money. exams. mOlley 1 LANGUAGE NOTE When we use the simple past of be after I wish or If only. past 4 I wish I weren'l totally bald. 2 [don't have any friends here. Use th ese to pics : fr iends. yeah. present c Complete the rules. company 8 accept / turn down job offer. 6 I didn't listen to my parents. 4 You saw something very strange in the sky when you closed your curtains last night.o 4 Pronunciation skill s: expressing interest and surprise a Listen to these phrases from the conversation. Uh..

afi er-7befo r-e 3 One student decides on lhe answer for the group. These bonus questions are worth $50. Which orlhase does llQ1 go with the word white? til meat hI broad c) tea ell egg What is the namo of the sea thaI separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? a) the Black Sea bl the Sea of Marmara c) the Meditorranean Soa dl the Caspian Sea 3 Compare USEFUl. LANGUAGE J have n o idea. but first. ask yOUl" teacher to read a few questions agai n.000. Include the answers. Do thoy use similar language to you? Which phrases do thoy use to discuss and decide on an answer? Look at the audioscript on page 148 and underline all the expressions that will be useful in taking the quiz. can~an 't 2 You choose your joker after you have heard tho quostions. 4 Tas k a Road the aim and ru les of the quiz.Lesson4 So you want to win a million? 1 Warm up Do you watch quizzes on TV? Do you enjoy them? Why? I Why not? What's your favorite TV (or radiol quiz? Why do you like it? . Isn't it . 2 Prepare You are going to take a quiz in teams.. or other phrases that you know for discussing choices. Who wins tho most bonus money? Unil2 Fome ond fortune . So. ? It 's . In groups of four or five. ask your questions. look back over the last two units and review the vocabulary and grammar! 6 Noti ce Did you notice the question word thaI most questions began with? If not. write two bonus questions for each category. When do we ll""lly lise this question word? 7 Foll o w up a In pairs.000.000 each. What were yo ur besliworst categories? Do yo u need to improve your knowledge in any of them? If you had problems with A or B. do we all 5 Feedback Well. b In groups of six or eight. " ~ Listen to some people discussing these questions. how did you do? Did any group win the million? Take a look at yo ur scores. What is wrong in each of th ese statements? 1 You can win less than $1 . discuss the answers to the two questions below. Use the Useful Language phrases. practice some of the language yo u'll need .. One student-7The whol ~ t~ a m 11 Now lake the quiz! Your teacher will read the questions out fo r you..

With students. A Irs c. thars difficuk. 2 Prepare Divide students into groups and ask them to read the instructions. Laura. do we all agree thaI frs the Sea of Marmora? All Yes.. nat white tea. c . Answer: Most questions began with which. C Oh. We usually use this question word when deciding between alternatives. read the answers aloud and ask the groups to add up their scores.. Insist that they speak in English . Hisn'lthe Mediterranean.. Whafs the nex! question? A What is !he name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it a . B Well. right? We can have black tea. ~ 4 Task Ask studen ts to check their answers to the questions in Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing them as a class. 6 Notice Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. ~rs put that . Then have students share their answers as a class.egg. b .. Chicken is white meat. c -tea. 0 So . I think you're wrong.. but we Wi tea with milk. So maybe frs the Block Sea? C No. 7 Follow up When students are ready. Allow students two or three minutes to practice. divide the class into groups of six or eight.. thars right. And the Cospian Sea is in Russia.. build up a list of these phrases on the board. present progressive a quiz The aim of the quiz is to reviev.the Mediterranean Sea.and quietly so that other groups can't hear.bread.. that's right. so irs c. I don't think so. B No. Which of these does nol go with the word "white"? a . Then ask students to find and underline useful phrases in the audioscript on page 148 of the Student's Book. Remind them 10 double the score for the category for which they played their joker.. Encourage lots of talking... b -!he Sea of Marmara.. laura? A Yes. 5 Feedback Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. tea. I have no idea.meat. right? o Yes.. At the end of each category. you're right. this question. What do you think. d .... Briefly model the activity by pretending to speculate about the answer to the first question. we definitely use white with egg . When students are ready. ! wentta the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. Allow only about 30 seconds for students to discuss their answers 10 each question. C Isn1 it meat? o No. A So. That way each student in each group has two question s to ask.. using the phrases in the Useful Language box. 0 Welt lers Iry to work it out.Ihe Bled:: Sea.Objectives Grammar Topic: taking a quiz Reading instrudions Writing w riting questions for a quiz Ustening simple present. splitting the original pairs that prepared questions together. Fame and fortune T 22 Unit 2 .. read the questions (on page T23). or d -the Caspian Sea? C Oh. 3 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 3 once and discuss the questions as a class . I think. with a couple of min utes al the end of each category for them to decide on answers that they are unsure of.o and informally check some of the vocabulary and grammar practiced in the book so far. I think you're right. simple past. \10'' __. You may wanl to give your students a little advance notice 10 review their lessons before doing the quiz! 1 Warm up Set the scene and generate interest by asking the whole class these questions.

a) have. d) you work for it. c) She was used to having blond hair. b) three years. dl will have 2 Someone who was lonely when they were in school might say I wish I . dl Bolivia Answers: c. d) conservative. h) I'm thinking. c} leave. bl had had more friends. d. b. b) She hod blond hair.. cl four years. K. b) the Greeks. b) Venezuela. b) white. You say: al You 're always borrowing my phone. 3 Com plete the sentence: We didn't find it difficu lt to move to the moun/a ins because . therefore 1 \Vas. al year.? a) red. d. b) Tom Hanks. d) white 2 Which oftbese can you not do with money? a) earn it. bl You always borrow my phone. d) fivo years. d) Kiev... d) the Aztecs 5 Latvia used to be part of the Soviet Union. bl the USA cl the U. dl Labor 6 Where was Che Guevara born? al Argentina. b) Rhodesia. c) Chile. a) realist ic.... d. al Riga. b) ros~. a. bl we are cold. 5 Someone who keeps to the moral and legal standards of society is . a) had m ore careful. d) blue 2 What did Sri Lanka use to be called? al Burma. a. bl July 5 1 776. Its capital is . c) East Pakistan. c) had had m ore careful. c Section C 1 Who starred in the movie The Godfather Part 1'1 al Tom Cru ise. 4 Which of these di d the French philosopher Descartes say? al I think. 6 Which ofthese is not a synonym o f quill a) drop out. cl hod. d) had been more careful. bl am more careful. dl will have lIlore friends.S. d) Cuba Answers: d .. cl Minsk. dl She was blond. c. c) Bolivia. c. more money. dl join Answers: a. 6 Which sentence is not correct? a) She used to have blond hair.. become independent? a) July 4 1789. c) r a t! do borrow my phone. d) do it J Which of these is incorrect? a) She has brown eyes.. therefore 1 be. dl You lIever borrow my phone. al we used to be cold. al have more friends.Quiz questions and answers Section A 1 Which of these does not describe wine? al pink. . c) Sbe has dark eyes. 4 Your friend asks to borrow your cell phone for the fifth time today. a) you start it bl you close it. 5 After an accident someone might say If oilly 1 . a. c ) you discover it. c) make it.. b) Sbe bas black eyes. d. d. cl was more friends. b. d Section B 1 Which is correct? If only 1 . c) green. c.S. bl am having. dlwe wore cold. 4 If you found a company.. take place every . d) Marlon Brando 2 The presidential elections in the U. 3 Where did the actor Russell Crowe grow up? a) New Zea land. d) She has gray eyes. bl Social Democrat. c) Johnny Depp. h) respectable. a Unit 2 T 23 Fameond fortu ne . 6 Which country's flag does not have red in it? a) Guatemala. Answers: c.. b) stop. h. 5 Margaret Thatcher was the leader of which Bri tish political party? a) Republican. a Section D 1 Which of these colors is not in the flag of the U. hI Japan .. d) July 6 1789 4 Which of these people used coins first? al the Lydians. cl we were used to being cold. therefore 1 am . c) Conservative. h) Moscow. c) July 4 1776. d) Australia . c. dl I think. c) red.S. d) Ceyloll 3 When did the U. b) spend it. c) 1 thought. c) the Romans. therefore 1 0m. c) pure. II.

Geography and history) as your 'oker'" . c) four years . you will hear the answers. Section D score = (out of $250.this means that you can double the money you w in fo r that ~e category.000) a) New Zealand b) the USA c) the U.K . b} I'm thinking.000) a) Burma b) Rhodesia c) East Pakistan d) Ceylon 3 ($40. at figure .000) a) you start it b) you close it 'c) you discover it d) you work for it 5 ($5S.000) a) had more careful b) am more careful c) had had more careful d) had been more careful ($55.000) a) we used to be cold b) we are cold c) we were used to being cold d) we were cold 4 ($40. Please note: the only prize is $1 .000) a) July 4· . Vi choose ONE of the categories (English vocabulary. c) You do borrow my phone. Circle the answer.000) a) Guatemala b) Japan c) Chile d) Bolivia 3 ($40. ($55.000) a) Argentina b} Venezuela c) Bolivia d) Cuba Section C score =___ (out of $250.000.000) a) pink b) rose c) red d) white 2 ($30. therefore I am .000) 1 ($30.000) a) year.. But you must choose your category before you start t~:~~uiz.000) a) have more friends b) had had more friends c) was more friends d) will have more friends ~ D Geography and history 1 ($30.000) a) She used to have blond hair.000) a) You're always borrowing my phone.000) a) have b) am having c) had d) will have 2 ($30. therefore I am.000) Section B score = _ _ _ (out of $250. b) She had blond hair. b) You always borrow my phone.000. Look at the categories and choose your joker. b) She has black eyes.OOO) a} earn it b) spend C Politics and culture it c) make it d) do it d) She has gray eyes.000) "--1 ($30. d) five years. 5 ($55. therefore I be..000) a) red b) white c) green d) blue 2 ($30. c} I thought.0001 But .000) Fame and fortune . 2 3 ( '1e aim of the quiz 15 to answer enough questions correctly to w in a f1i11lon dollarsl Each question has a prize of $30. d) Australia 4 ($40. You will hear each question twice.000) a} She has brown eyes.($40.000. d) She was blond. If you don't reach '. '-. S40. Then you must agree on an answer in your team. add up your total score to find if you have won a million! A English vocabulary "-. or $55. At the end of each category.000) a) I think.000. ~ng to the Ie~ of diffi ~ulty.000) a) Tom Cruise b) Tom Hanks c) Johnny Oepp d) Marlon Branda 2 ($30.($55. If you get all the Jestion ~ yOU will win $1. c) She has dark eyes "' ($40. b) three years . 3 ($40. 1789 4 ($40. we've made it a bit 'aSler. 1776 c) July 4 th . At the end of the quiz.($30 .OOO.~(:) ~(:) (j WAJff T(:) WIN r ~ ~ I 11 C9 im Rules . 1776 d) July 6th . English 91'8 r.000) a) realistic b) respectable c) pure d) conservative a) drop out b) stop c) leave d) join '.000) 6 "-- ""ection A score = q English grammar (out of $250. d) I think. therefore I was. d) You never borrow my phone. you lose everything! 4 5 6 Divide into teams of four or five.000) a) Riga b) Moscow c) Minsk d) Kiev 6 ($55. '789 b) July 5'". Politics and cutture.000.000) a) Republican b) Social Democrat c) Conservative d) Labor 6 ($55. c} She was used to having blond hair.000) a) the Lydians b} the Greeks c} the Romans d) the Aztecs 5 ($55. Check your answers and add up your score (honestly!).

We didn't have a vacation last year.. wish we had had a vacation last year./ + past perfect: If only I hadn't eaten so much. 3 My dad sed to smoke was used to smokJng. = past habit. We use used to + verb to tal<. Habits we regret or desilJ about the present: I don't have a job. use to take the bus. -+ .. en'l used / / didn't use /0 getting up earty. Actions Situations We used to live by the ocean. We can often use the simple past in place of used to: We used to live by the ocean. . then discuss them with your partner. fact I was used to getting up early when I was at school. children. = something that I was accustomed to. loo? Note the spelMng in the negative and question forms: use 10 3 I wish I h a d paid (pay) more attentiorl when I was at school. )( I watched 7V aD day yesterday. Be careful not to confuse the past form of this w ith used to + verb: I used to get up early when I was at school. COld weather. . use used to for a single action in the past or for the recent past: Fo. working hard. The children used to go swimming fM3rY day. ! No. I wish I had (have) mora time! I'm so busy! 2 If only I hadn't argued (not argue) with my last boyfriendlgirtfriend. money: money ( an investment earn money ( a (goodIbad) salary spend ( save money lend money (to someone) ( borrow money (from someone) waste money I win money ( lose money pay cash I by credit card ( the check I the fare ( for a ticket Answer these questions. actions.ng verb + complement or noun goi1g to bed early.. We use be + used to to say that we are or were accustomed to something. But note that we don'. (can) change my appearance. to01 Negative: We didn 't We used to walk to school. I didn't. I wish I had more money. ~ I wish I had a job. it wasn't a problem." Subject + be used to used to -. about habits. Of situations in the past that are not true or do nol happen now. I used to smoke. -+ I wish we didn't live in a small apartment. We form short answers with did: Did you use to see her evety day? Yes. If only / I wish I used to watch 7V aN day yesterday. 2 We become a partner founctlstatt a company open a factory ( a store work for a company 4 I was used t used to the heat when I lived in Texas." Regret about something in the present: If only / I wish + simple past: If only I knew the answer. -+ 1 wish I hadn't left school at 16./ Fo. If 0f'IIy / I wish + past perfect for things we regret about the past: I left school at 16. 00 you have these regrets.. I wish you had come to the party. I did. We Irve in a smaI apartment. Question: Did you use to walk home. X We visited the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New YQrl(." Affirmative: Complete these common regrets with the simple past or the past perfect of the verbs in parentheses. Regret about something in the past: We used to visit the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New York. / We lived by the ocean. - Fo. 4 If onty' I hadn't spent (not spend) SO much money last week! 5 I wish I could 2 be + used to + noun/-ing verb u. Vocabulary Summary 1 M o n ey Common verb-noun combinations concerning make I travel a lOt for my work so I'm used to spending time on planes. but he quit. 1 Have you ever made a goodIbad investment? 2 When did you last spend a 101 of money? \>\'hat did you buy? 3 INhen did you last borrow money from a friend ( the bar*? 4 Have you ever won any money? How much? 5 How do you usually pay the check in a restaurant? I'm John wasn't Peler isn't We were 2 School and careers Choose the correct completion..LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 used to + verb 3 Regret s (I wish I lf only) u. 1 I used to \eave ( drop out of ( quit college ( school / a team graduate from college/school / ent shopping last Saturday. work aUin a college ( a company ( a factory ( a school ( a store accept ( turn down a job offer / money Unil2 Fame ond fortune .. If 0f'IIy / I wish + simple past for things that U.

If you've never sent any e-mailsin English. Note: You will need to discuss what you have found with a classmate at the end of Unit 3. slill imp ly th a l lhey h. wasn't). Remember to match your style to [he writer's style. Terry c Put your knowledge of writing infonnal e-mails to the test. Really good to hear from you again. ogain/ . find out about different cultures and practice your English at the same time! Find out about how to make key pals by usjng a search engine and entering the words key pais + EFL. Glad to hear your degree is gOing well. Lots of work to do so gotta go.. abbreviations (Glad to . I Hi Annie.. h Write back and let me know about the summer. d. ~ luerenl surnames so /p. Be sure to reply to all the infonnation and questions she asks. .rom' ~ TO: ~~ b C you know? Informal : colloquial language (Hi I a big hug / etc. e-mails in a business environment may be much more formaL And you still need to read over your e-mail before you send it. Even though an e-mail is often a more informal way of communication than writing a letter.J o Cl.J > L. Can you help improve you r partner's message? Informal e-mails are very different in structure from more formal letters. . okay? Take care and say hi to Paul.. E-mails often don't use complete sentences. or sometimes no greeting.aven't seen each other for a while a sutpl Wx £u1 a Ie&. By using the Internet you can make friends from allover the world.J. talk about your action plan from page :: ~ Di: t: 15 and say what you have done about it. ~ has I b Compare your ideas with the advice on the right about writing informal e-mails.) 2 What is the relationship between the w rrter and the reader'? Find informaHon in the a-mail to justify your answer. informal greeting.. These people are called "key pals". Vllhat do you think would be difficult about writing them in English? ~<J REVIEW Review your actio n plan from Unit 1: using your dictionary In pairs. Match these descriptions with the letters in the text. Some great people in my office and I've made a couple of good friends through the gym where I work out. but that slowly got better. and met a really nice guy here too! :-} e 7 give a reason for closing the e-mail g 8 say heHo b 9 ask for inforrnaHon from the reader d c Would the order of ideas be the same in your language? Discuss in pairs. I'm thinking of coming to the States this summer .. 1 subject of the e-mail a 2 close the e·mail and say goodbye i 3 give information about the writer e Thanks for your e-mail.. r Anyway. Friends: first names.exhausting. d So when will you fin ish? And how about Pau l? Is he still working at that department store? 4 dlange the subject to another topic f 5 ask the reader to respond J do something h 6 thank the reader c life in Germany is a lot of fun now but things weren't so easy at first. :. use an English spell checker if you can! PLAN I> Your action plan: making key pals It is possib~ to make friends on the Internet by sending e-mails to one Of two people on a regular basis. An.z - C!) Informal e-mails 1 Using e-mail Have you ever had to read or send e-mails in English? Tell your partner about it.. 1 Is this a formal or informal e-mail? How do o -' L. Imagine you are Annie or Paul and write a reply to the e-mail from Terry above. ~ . There's usually a short. Fame and fortune Un1l2 . Words are sometimes abbreviated or emoticons (symbols) are used.San Francisco first week in August.oba bly not related. d In pairs. compare your e-mails. :::J 2 Organizing an e-mail a Read the e-mail and answer the questions. Wi ll you guys be there? Can I come to stay with you for a couple of days? Would be great to see you again . Be careful to avoid misunderstandings by using enough words to make your meaning clear. b Ideas in e-mails are usually organized in some order. I wasn't used to the culture or speaking German all day . Does it tell you anything you didn't mention? A big hug. Finally. g 3 Replying to an e-mail a How is writing an e-mail different from writing a standard letter? Make notes. first names.- _nl. Oh.) ..J.

but cel/phones have changed a lot since thot time. Wri le in the correct paragraph headings. used for essential arrangements. answering services and hands-free use for years. 3 Cell phoncs and the family Cellphones have made communication easier and have reduced the need for family arguments! We can use cellphones to let our family know we'll be late or if there's a sudden change of plan or an emergency. There have been huge developments in their functions. social contact and for business . h Read th is Internet articl e on cell phones. Ameritech set up the first system in 1983. they still don't know where their child ren are. Of course. They have made everyday life easier but noisier. call forwarding. However. Th ey have made it easier to call for help on the highway or warn a colleague that you'll be late. why do yo u need it? If you do n 't have a cell phone. They have brought with them a number of new headaches for t heir owners: it costs a lot to replace stolen phones. Answer the (!uestions. The early cellphones were big and heavy but they have developed into small and light palm-sized models. They have made it possible to keep in touch with people "on the move" . too: we have had caller ID. such as streaming video. In the United States. instant access to the Internet and receiving and send in g photos. w ould you like to have one? Why? I Why not? 2 Can you imagine li fe wit hout cell phones? How wo uld it bo d ifferen t? cellphones the facts 1 The histo ry of the cellphonc Believe it or not. but not mentally: with the help of call forwarding the employee is always at the end of the "phone line". cel/phones have been around for over a quarter of a century. they also mean you can escape the workplace physically. 2 Cell phones in everyday life Cellphones have become ve ry co mmon in ou r lives: recent statistics suggest as many as one in three people on the planet now have a cellphone. 1 How did the invention of the telephone change our lives? 2 How have cell phones changed O Uf lives? Muke a list of their ad vantages and di sadvantages. Th is may be a time bomb waiting to happen to you nger people who have grown up with cellphones that they simply can't live without! GLOSSARY palm the ins ide of the hand a lime bomb something lhat is likely to have a sudden and bad effect in the future ___ Unit3 RU connected? . Add /l il y other ideas you had in Exercise l a. someth in g that is becoming a freq uent occu rrence. however. discuss these questions. except for those times when the kids call because they want a ride home from a late night party! 4 Problems with celillhones This does not mean that cellphones are all good news.) c Complete tho table with ideas fro m the article. is the potential health problem they bring: there are fears that radiation from t he phones may cause brain tumors. but now the re are countless new facilities. Advantages 1 in everyday lifo 2 in the work place 3 for the family 4 other Disadvantages _ they are noisy can call for help on the highway - Cell phones and the family Probloms with cell ph ones Co llphonos at work Cc llphones in everyday life The history of the ce ll phone d In grou ps. (Be careful : there is one heading too many.1 Reading skills a Look althe pictures of phones. and have you ever seen such huge phone bills? More serious. Cell phones have eased the worries of millions of parents when their teenagers are out late: they can now contact their children at any time. 1 If yo u have a cell phon e.when you're traveling. text messaging. They are used in every area of ou r lives and have become a necessary tool. and most of them say they couldn't live without one. The first commercial ceHphone system was developed by the Japanese in 1979.

Answer'S Advantages 2 In tho workplace 3 For the ..-.Objectives Grammar Topic: cell phones Pronuncicmon present perfect simple. phone .-. write the title RU connecled?on the boord. Thon olicit answers from the class and build up a list of advantages and disadvantages on the board. This text contains a number of compound nouns. JVSl now dangerous are celtphones? Wilson Well.iewer And what is the situation hC!'e in Ihe Stales? Wilson Not much has happened here. Set a time limit of five minutes. In Poland.-. but there are around 50 countries n<:JW that hove decided 10 make it ~legal 1 use your 0 cellphone <Mlile driving.. a lederal police spokesperson. really.. RU connected? T 26 Unit 3 .. InfeI ..-------.---------. and there are likely 1 0 be a lot more. For Exercise 3 page 27 ~ I. Ask students whot thaI means lanother way 10 write il: Are you connected?1 and what it might mean. Hove a brief class discussion. Ask students to read tho text quickly and match the headings in Exercise lb. but ot:MousIy some drivers use their phones a lot. the cellphone. in the lost few years. the eel/phone.'-. tumor. since and for question intonation Reading an Inlernet article Ustening an interview Speaking discussing use of cellphones Write on lhe board: the Internet. Ask students in pairs or grOlips 10 decide which they think is lhe most important invention and why.. ills. time. but we are way behind many othC!' countries. Mr. Hove them find the compounds in the text and check the meaning of the words. Ask students to copy the table in Exe rcise lc on to a separate pi ece of paper. IntQrviewer How many drivers do you think aduolty use !heir cellphones while driving? Wilson WeD. many countries hove banned Ihe use of ceHphones while driving. A: cell.-. write the Internet... Afterwards. there ore fines of up 10 a thousond dollars and even imprisonment hlief .. ... The evidence suggests that you ore four times more likely to have a crash when using your cell phone while driving . Wilson.. Answers will vary. line. brain.thers horrifying! Wilson Yes.ieYter Do you feel we now hove enough evidence 10 make laws banning the use of a cell phone while driving? Wilson I think we do_ We've got very stricllows on drinking and driving. our figures estimate that irs around 85% -that me::lns of course that about 85% of cellphooe 0NnerS use their phaoes at some painl while they're driving. the CD player. and the punishments can be very strict. for example.Interviewer The chances of on occident are four times greatC!' . leaving plenty of room to add ideas from the text and from the list the class made in tho preceding discussions. If no answers are forthcoming. '-- Disadvantages With call forwarding. teo iIieww In the studio is Mike Wilson.. Which invention does the class think is the most important? As on alternative.New York and New Jersey . text.and there is some discussion 01 nationcllfNeI.. refer students to the Glossary. phone Vocabulary _n B: bomb. The United Kingdom was one of the most recent.. tho employee is always at the end of the phone line Can warn a colleague that you'll he late Fewer family arguments Can let our family know when wo'll be late Parents can contact children at any time family 4 Other Costs a lot to replace stolen phones Huge phone bills Radiation may cause brain tumors Divide the class into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l d .. Only two slates have banned the use of cellphones while driving . Write the following two lists on the board and ask students to match a word from A to a word from B 10 make a compound noun.. Introduce !he topk 1 Reading ski lls Put studellts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 18 brieny. so why not introduce laws on talking on the phone and driving? In fact.. lief .. the CD player on the board and see if students can predict what the topic of this lesson will be. the foct is thot the number of accidents fNery year has increased enormously since we started using ceflphones about 25 years ago. message. we understand thol there is now deor evidence !hot the use of cellphooes by drivers increases the risk of traffIC accidents.iewer And do these countries enforce the laws? Wilson Oh yes.

and afterwards ask for a show of hands to sec how many students in class sa id yes to each question. go over the answers with the class. move your hand in an upward arc or downward arc to illustrate the in tonation patt ern studen ts should be trying 10 produco. Play the audio again for Exercise 4b. Then ask two or three individuals to repeat. since and for I-Iavo students work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise Za about the example sentences in the taxt.<e qRisCtefi /unch ten minutes ago."lck to the class. A good Wa. How long ~ hove you lived in Rio? Another common error is using the present perfed for a finished even! in the recen t post with a lime marker. . play the audio a second lime. I've lived in Rio &~fe f9( three years. [n Exercise 4c. modeling the inlonation patterns carefully. I·hlvo students work in groups offour to practice the questions in Exerc ise 4d.j to menage the activity above.t ·· ~ Quick grammar 2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect.. Answers will vary. guide. Encourage the class to mimic yom hand gestures. 3 Listening skills Prepare for the listening exercise by asking the class whal they th ink of using cell phones while driving. As students ropeal. Go around moni1oring and prompting students. Tell Sludent A in each group he/she is the group [eoder. Allerwards. Sludent B is the secretary. where English uses the present perfect This frequently causes errors. [t is their job to report whotthe group soid to the class at the end of the activity. ~- 5 Speaking skills Divide tho class into grou ps of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise 5.- periect Common probktms and errors Mony languages use the simple present 10 refer to a situation thol slarled 01 a given point in the pas! and slill continues. / RS'.. Write these on the board.. If needed.e in Rio since 1985. 4 Pronunciation skills: question intonation Play the audio for Exercise 4a . and then ask a few volunteers to report b. Ask students to listen for intonation patterns and trace the intonation arrows with their fingers as they hear the questions. I #. ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3a . Do the I1rsl Iwo as a class as examples to get students shuted. Pause the recording allor each question and ask Ule whole class to repeat. and similar activities. Allow five minutes for discussion. Now play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and chock their answers. The oudioscript for Track 11 is on page T26 ~ 1 Do you hove 0 cellphone? 2 How long have you hod your cellphone? 3 Do you ever send lext messages? 4 Who do you normally text? Jnit 3 T 27 RU connected? . Ask Do YO ll think lIsing cel/phones while driving is dangerous? Why? Do yOll tl!ink it should be JxmllCcI? Have students discuss this briel1y with a partner. Next. ask st udents to work in pairs 10 mark the correct intonation. Ask students 10 choose the correct answer in Exercise 2c and then check in pairs before going through Ihe answers as a class. Each group leader has to ask the questions ond prompt other students to express their opinion. - Students make errors with time markers cnd questions. tracing tho intonation patterns they hear. We also use it 10 discuss experiences in our lives and recently completed actions. Ask students to ngure out the rules for question intonation in English and com plete the sentences toget her. We use the present perfect tense to totk about aclioos or stales thol began in the past and ore continuing now. Ask sl ud cnts 10 work in pairs 10 malch/orand sillce 10 the time ex pressions in Exerdse 2b. He/she has to join in. but olso listen and toke notes. is to assign "speaking roles: DMde the closs into groups 01 lour. .

(fave ) ~ exi ed or since 1963. d In groups.. e use since with a period of time I~ ~ b tile past. and for 1 .. onlO f llphones while driving .. k of having an aCCident IS _ 1 the n s . read the fac t sheet below and try to fill in the blanks with these fi gufCs: 2.. In wh-queslions the voice usually goes down.. 85. Who do you normally text? - ---..iP'.. 1. .used cell phones for ~ ~ -w since the late 1970s.~ a poiat in the past. dollars for p . 50.. _ 2 T (l apanes~-ve-u . 6 Peopl4 a ve IIse?J IIsed cellphone® since about 25 years now. . 1 11 Have you sent a lext message today? . t h east ten mlllUles t IS mornmg I S . shou ld the government ban it? 2 Do you talk on the phone whi le you drive? Have you... 5 Phone ave aever ha never hCld so many feat ufCs as ey 0 a ay.-i "' dco 7.. 4 times greater if . Answer the questions. commercia l ce llphone. c b Do we use since or for with these time expressions? S F S F Thanksgiving two years last night 25 years F .. The cellphone revolution(fegai'D/ llas begun in tho 1970s.E'a Listen to the intonation in theso questions..... b Listen to the interview with Mr. 85 percent. In groups. 1 Do you have a cellphone? 2 How long have you had your cell phone? 3 Do you ever send text messages? 4 -.----- . h· S . the driver IS usmg a ce p their cellphone while 2 the number of drivers who use . discuss these questions.. about the dangers of talking on a cell phone while driving..!!IL. h dn Vlng IS . or since if necessary. 4 ~:S .. .. Wi lson and check your answers. Listen to the questions and repeat them. 4 Choose the correct words: We use fo r With€·o. --~=~a Is you r cellphone on now? b Why? I Why not? --. fine of up to 1. How many peop le in the class said yes to each "a" question? 5 Speaking skills 1 3 Listening skills a You are going to listen to an interview with Mike Wilson. S ..2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. b Who did you send ii1'o'? 2 a Have you paid a cell phone bill recently? 3 a Have you ever felt irritated by-~-cell phones? b How much did you pay? - .. ask and answer the q uestions in Exercise 4c. Before you listen.... or has anyone you know.' U hone. a police representative. 3 In 2003 . ban against the use 0 ce 5 ~erells a 2 state(s) in the U.000 4 drivers in Poland can r~cedtv~ ~ h . 4. h banned using a ceU one p 50 countries ave 3 aroun d ----while driving. In yesi llo questions the voice usually goes .' . ever had an accident while talking on a cell phone? 3 Do you think the government should also ban the use of cell phones in public places? \Ii' Taiiz and D rive: the facts Resear ch shoWS tha t : . b When did th is happen? 4 ~ . Mark the correct intonation on these examples .. the British have banned /~he use of cell phones while driving. S my last bIrthday 1995 c Choose the simple past or present perfect. Complete the rules about question intonation bolow. Is " ta lk and drive" a danger in your country? Has your government introduccd laws about it? If not..-.. tn on y _ RU connected? Unil3 . since and for 4 Pronunciation skills: quest ion intonation a Look at the parts in italic of the first two sentences in the article.000. 1 What tense is the verb in each sentence? jJresent perfect 2 Is the action or situation in each sentence fin ished? no 3 Which sentence focuse s on a sit uation up 10 now? cellphones have been a ro und .. g whIle n vtng.

b) Okay... but it doesn 't affect my life. c) No. 3 Where do you do most of your shopping? a) In stores. b) Yes. I use the Internet... c) Only occasionally. t hardly spend any time on the c) I only log on when I need the Internet for Intemet.--.. but we still haven't met face-toface.... studies. note them down and discuss Ulem.to check my e-mail or to do . I don't have access to the Intemet. c) I've never tried e-shopping but I think it's a good idea .. you or your partner? Look at page 149. often anyway.. Do you agree? 6 7 8 9 10 Internet addict or Internet phobe?. and in some cases this has had a negative effect on their work.. online " " ~ a spend time online looking through Web sites surf ~ b connected to the Internet a virus c a computer file sent with an e-mail message a chat room d information that you store under a particular name log onloff e move information from the Internet to a computer crash f disconnected from the Internet offline g start/finish using a computer system downloa h when a computer or program stops working suddenly a file a Web site people lise for exchanging messages an attachment a program that enters your computer and damages or destroys information 1 2 3 4 5 3 Reading skills a Do new developments in information technology affect your life? Which of these phrases best describes you? I'm an Internet addict. 6 Which of these descriptions is closest to . I've never spoken to a stranger online. 5 How often have you spent three hours or b) I get to work early so I can have some more on the Net? time alone to surf the Net and chat.. and social lives.Netizens Speaking skills a In groups. c) I go online most da~. T 4 Have you ever met anyone over the Internet? a) Yes. c) in real life but I've lost touch with a lot of friends since I started surfing the Net. I realize an hour has passed and I am late for wo~ again. of course.. I've started dating one of them. Is your answer still the same afterwards? b Ask your partner his or her answers to the qlliz.some research. hours looking online. discuss these questions.. So how about you? 00 you have your Internet use under control? Take this quiz and find out.. Now take the quiz. '- Unit3 RU connected? . c) No problem. I'd never buy anything over the Net . I might spend a couple of b) online. The Internet is rapidly replacing TV as the most popular form of home entertainment.it's simply not safe! bJ I haven't been in a real store in over a year.. lots of people. It's too dangerous. I can always go online tomorrow.. If I need to find some a) in real life. Many people are spending longer amounts of time online.. won'b) Regularly! I usually spend at least two hours a day surfing. I even buy my groceries online. but for practical purposes . a) Never.. 1 Have you ever surfed for more than three hours online? When? Why? 2 Has your computer ever gotten a virus from the Internet? When? What happened? 3 Have you ever taken part in a chat room? Who did you "chat" wi th? What abo ut? 4 Have you ever downloaded files from the Internet? What kind of files? 5 Have you ever sent an attachment? What did it contain? Do you receive a lot of attachments? What are they about? b Who is the most "connected" in the group? 1 Vocabulary: the Internet Match the words and phrases with lhe correct definitions. I could be missing something. 2 I have more friends . Are you addicted to the Internet? 1 Which of these is closest to your morning routine? a) I always log on at home. information. I don't use the Intemet th. work out your partner's score and read the analysis.. I have an Internet phobia. you? a) I've never been online. b) I spend more and more time online andY don't see my friends very often. 7 How do you feel if you haven't checked yo' e-mail or been in a chat room one day? '---"" a) Not good . Who is more addicted to the Internet. In fact...

if they connot. lose touch with (friendsl '" not see. Circulate among students. Afterwards. chocking for difficulties in understanding the tex t. Elicil their answers and write their list of words Ofllhe board lor if you prefer. After ooe minute ask 0 each group how mony words they thought of.oy being in a small. Examples: He was a drug addiel who bought his narcotics on the slreel. speak to. Divide the closs into groups of lour. Write these definitions on the board if students are having trouble understanding the text that uses them. There are a few words and phrases in the text thot you may wish to check. think about thoir answers. write new vocabulary on t ho board. or write to friends any longer dote (someane) '" arrange to meet someone that you are aHracted to meet (someone) face-to-face". ask a student 10 explain the question or. crowded room. hove a volunteer read aloud the questions to the whole claSS. Teillhe groups thallhey hove one minute 1 write down all the words connected with this topic they (on thinl: of. If the questions in exercise 2a seem difficult for learners. At this point. After each question is read aloud.Objectives Vocabulary the Inlernet Topic: the Internet Reading Writing writing a magazine quiz ·char Write Computers and the In/ernet on the board. working with the same partner as before. quickl y Rsk for a show of hands from the class to see how many chose each phrase. She has claustrophobia and does nol en. RU connected? T 28 Unit3 . poraphrase the question yourself in terms students will more likely understand .Vocabulary lead-in 3 Readi ng ski lis Elicit the meaning of addictlsomeane who con't stop doing on activity) and phobia Iteatl. students which phrase/s) describe them. oboun. Then ask Ask students to tal k to a parlner and find out their answers to lhe questions in Exercise 3a . Introduce !he topk 1 Vocabu lary: th e Internet Ask students to work in pairs to match the words and defini tions. with. in. . Write the following phrases on the board: I'm addicted _ I'm obsessed _ using Ihe Inlernel I'm not inleresled_ I'm worried _ Ask students to tell you what the miSSing prepositions are Ithe answers in order: 10. You may also want to review the pronunciation of each of these words wi th students. If needed. 2 Speaking skills Give students a few minutos to read the questions in Exercise 2a . Ask stu dents to take the quiz indi vidually. hove students WOI'k in small groups to discuss their answers to rhe questions. ask volunteers from each group 10 come up and simulloneously write their lisls on the boordl. Then ask them to d iscuss the questions in groups of four to six. using examples you think students would understand. and write notes. see (someone) directly I in the Hesh . having thom repeat after you.not on the phone or tnternet VocabukJry - Have students do the tasks in Exercise 3b .

invite your partner /0 0 party ask for help with homework ask about your partners weekend plans talk about football ask about your porlner's family ask about a topic of your choice Have each pair perform one of the above tasks when chaning. what ore handles? What are the handles of the two people chatting? What are they clwtting about? Ask students 10 rewrite the chat in stondard English. Move aro und the room. Ask students to work in pairs and foll ow the instructions in Exercises 4d and 4e. address) with a stranger online? Why? Why nat? Unit 3 T 29 RU connected? .4 Writing skills Ask students to work with a different partner to discuss the questions in Exercise 4a. Remind students to chock the Glossary fo r unfamil iar terms. monitoring and h elping with idoas. -. Before asking students to read the chat in Exercise 4c in pairs.:ercise 4b. Then ask students in pairs to match the techniques and examples in fu. You could provide some 'framework' for the choning by giving each pair a lask to perform. Write the following list either on the board or on individual cords Ihat you con hand out to pairs at random. Ask Whot are some potential dangers of on online chot? Is it a good idea to share personal informah'on (name.Itemotive Additional acIIYIIy Hold a closs discussion on Internet safety. Ask students if they can give you examples or lhe kind of abbreviations and language they use in their own language when texting or chatting online . Answers will vary. set the scene by asking a few questions: In an online chat. telephone number.

Use the glossary to help you and remember to use abbreviations and ellipsis. then probably sleep in afternoon Angel with a halo says: 101 Dancing and singing says: n u Angel with a halo says: shopping! Dancing and singing says: (0_0) u shd be studying Angel with 0 halo soys: yeah 101 gotto go ttyl Dancing and singing says: yep bfn :) Angel with a halo says : cu 18r bye :* Emoticons :_0 = scared :( :: worried. e Look at your cha\. Change anythi ng that you wanl to and then pass the paper to another pair.'V 4 Writing skills VVV V a in pairs.) 3 Write your handle and your fi rst comment._ 3 abbreviations 4 'bil C U ellips is (leaving out unnecessary words) ~ gonna buy a c diane can you come saturday d :-) (a smile) e have to go . 6 Continue chatting untit you decide to stop . 1 What do you know about chatting online? 2 Do you have any "online" friends? Have you ever wrillen to a stranger onli ne who has become a friend? b Chatters normally have n icknames.:-:============~~~:::::::::::.-) = a wink :-< = sad Abbrevi ations cu lar : See you later. which they call ·'handles".studying Angel with a halo soys: what 4 Dancing a nd singing says: exam in 2 weeks Angel with a halo says : :( Dancing and singing says: oh yeah! Btw u going 2 j's party fri Angel with a halo says: no gotta study :-< Doncing and singing says::( u looking forward 2 weekend? Angel with a ha lo says: sure what u doing? Doncing ond singing says: football gome sal. answer these ques tions. 1nol much punctuation g~ 2 informallangU~~' :~===~.. 4 Pass the paper to your partner. shd = should Ie = I see I I understand btw "" By the way n U :: And you? bfn = Bye for nolV ttyl = Talk to you later '-- d You arc going to "chat" with your partner.. Match the techniques on the left with the exam p les of chat.-0'" Dh .::~2 :::::::=:--. 101 = laughing out loud ru ok= Are you ok? 2day = today cld = could. (See Exercise 4b.) Try reading the dialogue aloud with a partner. 2 Choose your "handle". Chat is like a mixture of speaki ng and writing. Can you understand it? (Usc the glossary to help you if necessary.::::= c Read this chat between two friends . 1 Find a piece of blank paper. Can they understand your conversation? RU conne<:ted? Unit 3 . GLOSSARY From: To: Angel with a halo says: how r u Dancing and singing sa ys: im good u Angel with a halo says: good 2 what u been up 2 Dancing and singing says: not much .talk later f cool ! wicked! lSr 5 slang 6 emoticons -. no! (0_0) = shocked :* = a kiss . Follow these steps. and chatters use d ifferent techniques to talk online. annoyed. or really thinking :-):: a smite . 5 Write your handle and the next comment on the piece of paper you now have and pass it back to your partner.

Amazingly. Ons. Liz Barry and Bill Wetzel have just settled into 5 two chairs against a wall. is a good 30 time to Stop. use the be. ~~. Who do yo u taU: to? class Wh 8 problems with y .0 s s workill g On the B. for the n ext two hours. p eople do. Liz and Bill. 2 ." Liz Barry says. Barry and Wetzel figure that now.col/Phones. "TALK TO ME.> em th erapeulic. have discovered mat talking is highly therapeutic for New Yorkers.". A middleaged man gives his 15 views on politics.I/ and Liz talk I try 10 help them s~l~eobl~ all tlie streets and J BilJ and Liz e t Cu problems en courage . set up their sign and listened. hurried hectic busy fu ll f d ' 0 actIVity ozens a la~e number ( one dozen .c 1 BilJ and Liz arc strc psycholnoi I . has recently broken up with her parm er. . Choose Uw best talk lo? au have m OIi C . near tears. on Ihe street bOJ"o ~ people to talk to th ~LO. d 2 Reading skills a Road the artic/e Summary. boYfriend/girlfriend P wah your 2 You are havin .It is evening rush hour in the Times Square su bway station . They have walked the streets and avenues. She hasn't gotten over it yet and sh e wants to talk. Two 17year-Qld girls talk about their science class. . Dozens 10 of them. They still h aven't decided what to d o n ext. after a year.Talk 1 Speaking skills a lnp' iscuss these si'uati 1 You 've just broken II . Before them is a sign that reads.perhaps the most frantic time of day at the most hectic place in the busiest dry in the country. els of New Y ork." Barry and Wetzel came to New York only a year ago. Who d o YOn b In OUr soc' lalk Jely we have a 101 of 0 peo I on . 0 do yo u talk lo? OUr SCi ence BIl'S.Liz Barry NEWYORK (AP) . Y problems. J v: . A young woman with purple hair. 20 in large white letters. qUIckly. " Taking a little rime 25 o ut from a busy schedule to talk to someone you've never met can change your wh ole outlook forever. but they have already h eard m ou sands of stories like these.12) > > RU connected? . in chal Pportunilics 10 to do you think tha t la':ket~~I~I~o~~lain Ihal 'hC~::IO~~~~ ~~I y Jsa 10 talk 1o Ihompisls. in their 20s. Y leve it is tome "Taking a little time to talk to someone you've never met can change you Jorever. but it's unlikely to be something as original as their "Talk to me" project! GLOSSARY frant ic busy.

"' could stand here and loll:. Interviewer So what have you learned from Talk to Me? Bill Well. "What are you doingr and I say. We've tried 1 explain. Yeah. I simply ask them "how's your day?" tnterviewer And how do they react? Bill Well. anyway. Answers will vary. how do you get people to talk? Bill Well. Bill Yeah. Bill No. Remind students to check the Glossary fo r any unfamiliar vocabulary. so we manage. We hod same money to start with. Introduce the topic Ask Is it easy for you fa talk to strangers? Why? Why nof? •• 1 Speaking skills Ask students to discuss the situation s and questions in Exercises 1a and lb in pairs.. start to feel happy again set up = put in position Vocabulary 13~------------------------------------------------------. our shaes have even been stolenl Interviewer Really? Uz Yeah. skill? Uz Yeah. all day: Interviewer Have you ever had any hassle from the police? Uz Yeah. the way they date. to each other and to 0 listen. settle into. thors right.asking for directions. build up a IIsl of their answers.. but some people still hoven" learned to just toll:. they way they've grown up and settled down. 2 Reading skills Ask students to read the article and choose the best summary. Suggested list: starling a conversation with strangers 01 a party or in a club. Infefviewer So you think listening is on important . they think we're cops or researchers or weirdos or something . Bill. we've already had a little hassle from the cops. but we haven't had any serious problems . For Exercise 4 on page 31 ~ tnterviewer So. asking for help on the street . but we have been insulted by drunks. RU connected? T 30 Unil3 . they say. Answer: Summary 3 The text contains a few phrasal verbs that you may wish to check. really. that's right. People don't understand us at first. Interviewer Yeah. In whol situations do we tolk 10 people we don't knoW? On the boord. we're very lucl:. Uz And we've mode a lot of friends.: get comfortable in (a chair) break up = end 0 relationship get over". But there's a very nice lady we know who gives us a little money to I:. we've learned a lot about the way people work. uh . "rm just being friendly"" and then we talk. Ihe oclor. sure.Objectives Grammar Topic: falking fa people Vocabulary verbs of talking Reading a newspaper article Ustening a discussion Speaking discussing problems adverbs used with the present perfect Write on the board folking to strangers. Afler 45 minutes he said.eep doing this. though that's all gone now. you remember Estela.y. of course Uz Some people find It very difficult to listen. How have you been able to do this financially? Bill Well. Interviewer One final question. Bill rye just spoken to a guy about how difficull it is to find work in New York. Ask students. they might tell us to move on..not yet. she's been to see us three times already. She's become an old friend. buying something in a store. dealing with customers 01 work.

Play the audio for Exercise 4b. with the present perfect The two English words still and yet present a prablem as they are often expressed by only one word in other languages. already) Which adverb can go between have and the past participle or at the end ofthe sentence? (recently) Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3b. Ask students to check the things that have happened to Liz and Bill. Point to the pictures on page 30 and ask Wha! are they doing? Why? Put students in pairs. Typically. try miming the words ond having studenls guess. Encourage the listeners to keep quiet while their partners speak. 5 Vocabulary: talk Ask students to try to explain the words in italics in Exerc ise Sa to each other first.it means "' expect this 1 happen in the fu ture: 0 Still is "negative" . This is not intended to be a conversation between the two partners but rather Speaker A and Listener B. is subtle: Yet is "positive" . do the first as an example: Ask students to find them in line 5. Answers will vary. II's more fun! For example: complain = briefly oct out person complaining in Q store argument = move to and fro. Before asking students to do Exercise 2c in pairs. OR I have done if already. Ask the question in Exercise 4d to the whole class and elicit answers briefly. or say in their own words. Then ask the groups to discuss the questions. Set up Exer cise 3d by modeling two or three sentences about yourself. Ask students to liston and compare their predicted answers to the actual answers. and then look astounded Ask students to do Exercise sb in pairs. in the present perfect. Unit 3 T 31 RU connected? . Answers will vary. Checking meaning As an alternative to translation. ~I have finished. pretending to be two people arguing gossip = pretend to whisper in someone's ear. and then ask them 10 read the questions in Exercise 4a and predict the answers. Play the audio a second time for Exercise 4c. Then point out that it is a pronoun that refers to the words Liz Bany Qlld Bill Wetzel in the previous line and that it is used because the writer does not want to repeat the people's names. The oudioscript for Track 13 is on poge T30 Pi. what their partner communicated. Elicit feedback from the class to make sure students understand all the words. 4 Lead in Listening skills Set the scene by reminding students oboulliz and Bill.it means "This should have happened by now: Common problems and enors Students put the adverbs in the wrong position in the sentence. and focus on understanding and rememhering what the speaker said. Go around the class and help. I ~ hove finished. Briefly go over the answers with the whole class. Concentrate on the differences in form between the two words. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise z d in small groups. the adverb may be ploced between have and the main verb or at the end of the sentence.Let students decide on their answers to the questions in Exercise 2b in pairs before discussing them as a class. help students find and underline the adverbs. Quick grammar guide: adverbs The key point is where the adverb goes in the sentence. and then ask them these check questions to make sure they are clear about the form rules: Which word goes at the end of interrogative and negative sentences? (yet) Which adverb is only used in negative sentences? (still) Which adverbs go between have and the past participle? (just. Then ask students to write their own sentences and read them aloud to a new partner. The difference in use. as in these examples: I have already done il. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with the present perfect For Exercise 3a . Encourage the listeners to paraphrase. honds on hips.

what? Z Have you /rad an argument with anyone recently? What was it about? 3 Have you shouted at nnybody this week? If so.!:!!!. Find these words in the article. 5 I've recently .teenagers. 5 Vocabulary: talk a In groups. . 4 Listening skills 1 What impression does the writer give of New a You are going to listen to an interview with Liz Yorl:: in the evening rush hour? It is very busy. 1 Have you ever complained about anything? If so.it is therapeutic. RU connected? Unil3 . then discuss the questions. . already c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 34. and Bill." up with her partner 2 They've had sorious problems with the police. 2 do (line 9) tnlk to them 5 these (line 20) stories J They've insultod someone who was drun k. What do they refer ~ c Listen agBin. yet.) Student A: How good a Iistenor was your partner? When you have fin ished. (used only with negative scntences in the present perfect) still d The act ion or actions happened not long ago.~ '-- b Read the article again. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with th e present perfect a Find these adverbs in the article: just.. very soon before the moment of speaking. recenliy. what kind of tbings do you talk about? If not.. Student B talks for one minute. Imagine you are Liz or Bill and answer 2 What type of people stop and talk to Liz and the interviewer's questions. ['ve already done it." b Match the adverbs in Exorcise 3a with their meanings. Student B: Listen. who with and when? b Good communication is not only about speaking. wi/hollt interrupting. too.. a The action happened in the immediate past.coplo·s outlook ." 5 "Have you seen Mary at all?" "Mary? Yes.. still. . Are you a good listener? Try this activity.iI's good to talk. perhaps before expected. Bill? All typos .. (used with questions and negatives) yet c The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future.. just b The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. 1 " Have you finished your homewerk ~?" "I haven't even started it ~ !" 2 1 can't talk now. 1 I still haven't . prepare to talk for exact ly one minute. In a big ci ty.. bu t listening. recently e The action has happened. Z I haven't ." "It's okay. 4 "['II feed tho dog bofore we go out. she's stayed with us a few times recentlv . there a re a lot of lone ly people. New Yorkers are ramous fo r heing talkative. and tben repeat what Student A said." talk to you? 4 Why have Liz and Bill encouraged people to 3 Have you had any trouble with the police? stop and talk to them? They believe that it can 4 What lessons has "Talk to Me" taught you? c h a nge I. 3 them {line 10) people 6 it (line 30) what they 4 Someone has robbod them . you? 7 Do you ever gOSSip? If so. middle-aged men 1 How do you get peop le to talk? 3 How do we know that New Yorkers like talking? Z How do people react when you invite them to They have heard "thousands of stories. . reverse your roles." 6 They've made a lot of money. non-s top city 80 people nonna lly have no time to ta lk. Student A: Choose a topic from 1-7 above. yet. 4 I've already . Note the way they are used and complete each sentence below with one of them. why don'. (You don't have to use exactly the sarno words. d Discuss these questions.. Life is stressfu l in a big ci ty .. 3 I've just . 4 • 1 z How would people where you live react to "Talk to Me"? Would you stop and talk to Liz and Bill? Why? I Why not? If you did stop.." do next 5 They've made some fr iends . d Complete the sentences to make true statements about yourself. and doesn't need to be repeated. Then compare with a partner. .. 5 How have you boon able to do Ihis fina ncially? 5 Do you think that Liz and Bill have gotten any benefits from their project? ~ b Listen to the interview and compare your answers with Liz and Dill's. check the meaning of the expressions in italic. I've J. Answer the questions. I still haveu 't found n joh. finished cooking dinner and we're about to eaL 3 "Any luck with work?" "No. what made you shout? 4 Do you know anyone who boasts a lot"! Who are they and why do you think they noed to boast? 5 How do you persuade people to agree w ith you? 6 Do you ever discuss problems with your parents? If so. what would you talk about? d Why do you think "Talk to Mo" is popular in New York? Suggested answers: New York is a busy. Wh ich of these things have to? happened to Liz Bnd Dill? 1 them (line 5) and BJL it (line 17) breaking 1 They've spokcn to someone without a job . already.

including new vocabulary. A small pict ure on a computer screen that opens a program or performs an action is an icon A program that looks for information from many different Web pages is a search engjne . they're my favorite rock band and I wish I could find more of their music. elc.u kLmusi elJ iste n lots of online music from classical to jazz. I wish she was here. You can listen to radio programs or select a range of special features . Over 50 news stories categorized under headings such as crime. ' Here you will see the funniest jokes and pictures from around the world. If only I'd worked more on my listeningl I miss Pilar. or (j B http://www. from American comedy to Australian cartoons.ca. B. "m E D c Unit 3 R conneded? U . down. How good is your Web vocabulary? Match the definitions below with the words in the box. I failed my English test.org/ NPR is an American radio network with an extensive audio archive . 2 A software program that finds and dis plays pages from the Internet is a Web browser.G . She always cheered me up with her jokes.liter!!nmet.bbe.npr. mostly of the multiplechoice variety.orz lennsf I F antastic site from CNN. painters. bound to fail it. The un ique address of a computer or a document on the Internet is called a URL A place on the Internet wherc you find information about a particular subject.updated each month -from the online magazine from Macmillan.1 Warm up a Tho World Wide Web has created a lot of weird and wonderfu l things. G http ~/ www. c httgJJwww. I wish I knew more aboul Johnny Depp! I haven 'I read anything about him for ages. D I haven't done any studying for the reading comprehension test yet. A. 3 A con nection between one Internet file and anoth er is (I link 4 The row of small pictures on the screen that you click on 10 perform particular acti ons is tho Icoluor . A page in a magazine that gives you information about Web si tes is a Web Kuide . 5 Tho long narrow line at the edge of the screen usod for movi ng information up. from blues to rap.(a. cartoonists. organ ization. political activists. I just bought the new CD by The Darkness.bbc. icon link FAQs Web guide toolbar Weh site Web browser search engi ne This week's Webguide~ A http :Lwww. b Read the Web gu ide on the right and recommend ono or more sites for the people below. 7 8 9 10 11 12 across the screen is the scroll bar .com / Hilarious site bringing together over 7. Questions that Int ernet users frequcntly ask are called FADs o http:)/www. A pago or document that you can read on a Web site is a Web paee . is a Web site . E http :lJwww.an excellent source of authentic English. scientists and writers.000 links to humor Of every kind.ukLbbcfau rL audiainterviewsL Hundreds of faScinating interviews with famous people from every walk of life: actors. musicians. environment and adventure. anestapenglish_(om Here you will find listening activities . Each story has a range of activities focusing on_ comprehension and vocabulary. home-page URL Web page scroll bar 1 Tho plnco on the Internet that appears first on your com puter is your home page. philosophers.humorlinks.

Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing them with the whole class. but you wont to go on the World Wide Web to find out exactly how old the Earth is. using the verbs on the board and computer words from exercise l a.. Read a loud the quotations by the people in Exercise lb. You may wont to check some of the difficult vocabulary items from the text and review their pronunciation.Objectives Topic: the World Wide Web Writing Grammar Reading simple past. be used to doing.. Ask students to give you instructions 10 find Ihe information you wonl. and then let them check with a partner before going through the answers as a class. cheer (someone) up 0: make someone happy I'm bound 10 . When was the World Wide Web invented? How often do you use the Web? Whafdo you use it for? What is the most useful function of/he Web? 00 you have a home page? What's on if? Introduce the topic 1 Warm lip Ask students to match the words and definitions in Exercise la . CJ Pronunciation guide URl/jual'el1 scrotl Iskroull Write on the board: Click on Find Choose Search Extension activity Then tell students that you have switched your computer on and you ore on your home page. I wish / if only a lecture Ustening a lecture Speaking designing a Web site Ask students a few questions about the Web to introduce the topic.. Note the pronunciation: icon t alkonl FAQs fef el 'kjuzl t . Then ask students to skim the web gu ide all page 32 to find useful sites for the speakers. used to a Web guide do. 0: Vocabulary irs almosl certain 10 happen 10 me exlensive == very large archive = collection or store hilarious = very funny RU connected? T 32 Unit 3 .

You want a fast download time. up-to-date information.2 Task D iv i de stud ents into groups of four.. With the Internet. t T • 4 Feedbac k Ask one stud ent from each group to present thei r gro up's Web si te i deas . By navigati on.it is their job 10 think of interesting and unusual ideas_ Studenl D '" group secrelary . T h en h ave th e class vote on th e b es t Web site. 5 Compare Pl ay the aud i o for Exercise 5. how usable and transparent it is. Students Band C = the "ideas" guys . but don·t use too many pictures or the download time will be too slow. T h ro ugh out Exer cise 4.. the page shouldn't be cluttered . Ask stud en ts to write d own an y ex tra point s men ti oned i n th e lecture to add 10 th e cl ass list on th e b oard. incl udi ng ani m ated pop-u ps \? @ t t . Also. and not too technical: and "I need to get the information I wont as quickly as possible. Group organization Before doing the lask give each person in the group 0 role: Student A == group leader . a site mop. So. 6 Not ice Play th e audi o fo r exercise 5 again . Many people I've spoken to obout Web design soy things like. Second.il is his/her job 1 make notes of all decisions and 10 report the ideas to Ihe class.with too many different secti ons ~ the page should look open. in this talk. Fourth. what about design? Are colors used to good effect? You often find colors make it more difficult to follow the site map. 0 3 Prepare En courage each grou p to m ak e revi si on s to th ei r home page after comparing it to th e h ome page i n th e unit. We'll assume thai you don't write garbage. Now. the site should be as free as possible of odverti sing ~ this is another form of garbage that the user doesn't want to see popping up atl the time and gening in the way of the information you real ly need. A sk students 10 listen and say w hat points fro m exerci se 4c are m en t ion ed. an d th en present i t to the class i n a fu lure lesson. so you don't gel lost and waste time trying to work out where to go nex\. accessible. you want accurate. but from the point of view of the user. A sk st ud ents to p rin t ou t their favo rite home p age. up-to-date conlent shows clearl y wha t is on Web site usable. so I like Web sites that have very clear links ond site mops: Well. I~ Okay. if you wont your Web site to be easy to use. I'm going to give you the basic points so you can go ahead and design a usable ond attractive Web site. n a. Now ore there any questions so for? Unit 3 T 33 RU connected? . Finally. "I wish Web sites were simple and easy to follow. so the site should indicate very carefully and clearly exactly what is there_ The third point has to do with navigoti on. lost week we looked at Web sites fram a designer's point of view. Design includes clear text and good use of pictures. let"s begin. can the user tell what the Web site is about? You see. so you don'l wont to use 100 many different colors. reliable. and inviting. A n sw ers (extra points m enti oned on audio) reliabl e. and you easily get lost or waste time. Repeat th e audio for Exerci se 5. and links to other relevant pages. but even good content can be unreliable because it con go out of dole very quickly. and then go over the instruc ti on s in Exercise 2 with the cl ass. . build up a list on the bo ard of features o f a good Web site. 7 Foll ow u p T hi s work s w ell as a homewor k task.. Ask stud en ts 10 com p l ete th e Jist i n Exer cise 6a and th e table in Exer cise 6b . tmpartant navigation features are the toolbor. Today we're going to look at Web sites again..he/she has to ask the questions and make sure everybody contributes. taking into aC(Qunt the needs of the surfer. people need to know if the site is relevonlto them. I mean how we move around the site from page to poge. the content: is the content rel iable? This is a key point because there·s a 101 of garbage out there in cyberspace. ask yourself the following five questions: First of all. trans p aren t navi gati on uncl uttere d d esign wit h clear text and good u se o f p ictures n ot to o m an y c ol ors or 100 many pic tures free of adverti sing.

and links.. learning Engl ish: help with homework?) 3 What will appear on the home page? Think about 6 Noti ce text. vote on the best Web site. inviting.09.. ~ a Listen again.... .. Complete the table with positive Prepare adiectives and phrases about good Web design. tips for mentions which are not on your class list. favorite Web si tes and make a list of the five most First of all.09. In your groups. b Present it to the res t of the class.olLe accurate. science. 10 I!ASA + For Students FIND IT C NASA ' + AO'IANCED SEAJICIl _ 1:: . View Video EXPlORIPlG lliE UNIVERSE 09.~ h Look at the home page from a Web site at the top Yet. up-ta-dato Content of this page.'0 . clear c Now go back to your list of poin ts. present the concept of tho Web site and the home page to the class and they will vote on the one they 5 Co mpare like the most.09.04 Station Spacewa lk Successful 09. -"-<' ..04 l atest on Genesis Probe + Read More . and your group will have to c Make a class list of the features that a good Web design tho home page of the site.design the home page! b Notice how the speaker identifies the good points in Web sites. SAY 501 Rofgl.01.04 Cassini t=inds New 2 Task You are going to enter a competition to create a Web b As a class. sito for your class...04 Station Crew to Join Far. etc.". . HUMANS IN SPACf .." WOfy .~~ ... Can you add any other not cluttored . Web site . Do you wan t to make any revisions to your Web site? 3 7 Follow up 4 Feedback a Present your idea for the Web site to the class and explain your home page.NA TIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMI NISTRATIO N + ABOlTT NASA -+ For Kids + NEWS & EVEHTS + MUlnM~DIA -+ POPUlAR TOPICS IF IT'S NOT SAFE. points? Design accessible. Which points and then design the home page.03. discuss these points @ a Listen to a lecture on Web desig n . important things a good Web site should have. Second . trarll>pareut Navigation covered by this site.. . How does the speaker list her 4 What makes a good Web site? Think of your points? Complete this list. a You are going to report your group's ideas to the Listen to the lecture again if necessary. 5 Put your ideas into action . The third point . Make notes on what is good about it and what could be improved. opon. Check how many of your poin ts are usable. a Choose a home page from a site you like and print it out. music. RU connected? . finally. You will need to site should have. on your list from Exercise 4c does the speaker 1 Who is the Web sile for? What are their interests? mention? 2 What "'ill the Web site contain? (Articles on ~ b Listen again and add any points the speaker things such as sports. Fourth .. rest of the class.09. List the main points about your Web site.04 KSC Cleans Up After Frances 09. photos.Out Powwow + Read More + Read More + Photo Gallery 09.

... . 1 The President has never been overseas.to state. beErI. and he agreed.. The errors can be in the present perfect itself or in the use of the adverb. bought. Note: In informal American English..'A tool bar Iile <= homepage chat roo m go OIlIineloffii oe surr web p age download "--' v irus log on I log 01T I just had some coffee. discuss discuss something (with wmeone) Co.-l> 3 Have you seen the new James Bond film stilt? James Bond film yo>t? 4 Louisa has recently made a lOt 01 new friends. need to do it). about th e hotel room. I boasted ahout huw I won the competition . Fran has I never been .. or something meal to the manager. Can I go naN? yet . tI To tal< about actions or states n the past but thai have some effect in the present. gNetl. 3 I told everyone in the room about how I won the competition.ten we expect it to be done (negative form oriy) We sill hav&l't heard from our daughter il AusttaJia. we've been 1(' one last week. • Actions Of stales that began in the past but thai are contn. Pfease take your shoes off. she hasn't bought a used car.nan a continuing action started.to sat that an actoo has not been done. w e went to one last w eek . •• . .... We haven't met Anna 's new boyfriend yet (but we expect to). link FAo. Word or phrase Useful phrases complain have an argument shout at boast Example been there..ment with iT'" someone about something brother about his friend~ ~ persuade " " '.. He's just went out. recently .for very recent actiorls complain about someone We complained about t. write them into the correct column in the table. Whi ch word from the table describes the situations below? Rewrr. web guide web site web browser search engine scroll bar to New York twice. used for a particular point n time I haven't seen Simon since Monday. Jack works for Ford • Experiences that we have had in our lives (at an unspecifIed time) and that we may have again: I've been to Chile. I wetJI there last year. We've just cJeaned the catpet.Jd I discuss my amuar-' raise with yoo Icx:iay? 1 I gave Sam alilhe reasons why he should come with us on vacatior..... I p ersuaded Sam to come with u s on va cation :--' 2 We disagreed strongly about politics.... u. and add more words of your own. We had an argument about pol i tics.. and check th E" meanings in Lessons 2 and 4 1 a dictionary if you need to.. we often go on to add ~. . • Recent actions or actions that we expect to do: I'vEI just had some coffee (a few nToutes ago).for actions completed earlier than expected I've already flf'lished aI the questOOs.. 8 We've been to a concert in the new auditoriun..to state how k)ng an action has been in progress. usually with a specifIC time reference.. we're have an arglJ'TlElflt with I had an 8rg.. since .. done. e. With this use of the present perfect. the sinpIe past is often used n sentences >Mthjust and aIra:Kfy: J attachment icon link FAOs Web guide loolbar Web site Web bro~ search engine homepage chat room crash download file go online 1 offline log on 1 log off scroll bar surf virus Web page Computers The Internet ~ Both <>a. 7 Kevin and Jackie have just had their third child. Fann We form the present per1ecl with the auxiliary verb have + a past participle. I haVen't called her yet because the phone isn't working/ s till . yoo'vs persuaded me to come this Karen gossips about everyt>ody so don't tetl her any secrets! someone to do SCltTlElt!Ylg gossip about someone evennr' '--' gossip ge"".LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect \ Five of these sentences are incorrect. the sentences using a word from the table..to ask atxxJt experieoces that have happened at least once up to now (question form onty) Have you ever been fa London? for . Affirmative: "ve been bought 8 car.._ 1 persuade someone that shout at someone boast about something (to someone) Don't shout at the call Simon's always boasting about his expensive sports car.. used for periods of time We've had these dogs for five years.. ever ... I haven 't 2 Words connected with talking Look at th e meaning o f these words in Lesson 31 a dictionary. He's j ust gon e out. 6 Fran neyer went skiing but she hopes to go next year. I ahJady fed the cat. Th en . in the simple past tense: I've been to Chile. My sister has just Question: Have you ever been to New Itlrlc? Has she bought a used car? Negative: No.g. 4 Did Amanda tell you all about Mary's new boyfriend? Did Amanda gossip about Mary's n ew bo yfri end? 5 Iwas unhappy about the hotel room and I told the manager.. more information..to ask whether an action has been done (Y to sat that an expected actiOn has not been done (question and negative form 00y) Have )OU called your mother yet? No. 100. Vocabulary Summary 1 IT and Internet words Look at the IT words and expressions in the box. 2 Don't wait for Janes. Unil3 RU connecled? . womod.. Check the correct sentences and correct the wrong ones.to say somethlng has happened n the recent past I've been to the movies 8 101 recent. tI «I 5 We haven't been to a good party since two years.. PAST 1975 PRESENT tI Jack Slant W()(king for Ford.y.. 2 Adverbs used with the present perfect just ... but I've never been to Argentina.. "--' Okay. No.ing in the p-esent: Jack has worked for Ford since 1975. already . We tOOk an amazing cruise down the Pacific coast. v. too. In fact. ror two years. I've aJroody fed the cat (so you don'..

"i! aImt Ik 2 ~""'"9 f=m . 2 Ust phrases.he I:J1e afon. usually negative.a!e a<m"". "The »O"»u2n h. the meaning. Tis:hJe:.e:dUes m '!5fI $. verb. Discuss the c lues you used to discover . type of text. 2 Happy / have t 3 critici~ We know it's sharp. ~ . and it's a tool.a1he. noun. 3 What kind of word is cratty? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence.d m en t n ess able Ull . ..s J? 2 What kind of word is chood/e? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence.. In pairs.l cWftad/. The cratty choodle departed on time for a change. etc. ~7-l'ea. 4 I try to figure Qut the meaning from the context. 3 Write a short explanation of how you figured out the meaning.wnung JlA. fiau.an. like a knife. ?!74uer fl!l!t nach 1& ilM".r. your brains for half an hour or so? de"". 3 The suffix -ment indicates that the word is a noun.uuh alL r.). ACTION PLAN [> out the meaning of new words Your action plan: figuring words During your next few English lessons make a list of arr. talk about your action plan from page 25. look at the sentence and answer the questions. I ignore it and carry on. He refuses to buy a cell phone and won't use the copy machine. use the context to guess the meaning of the words in italic..U 5 recyclable 2 Using contextual clues to figure out m eaning In pairs...snt1. and title.ded fJU1 a ~y a'Yl:u:le awi f."""Y ""iI h-r1c fo-maL f=m.dpfu1ty s.I:!. f<.3 ..e !uui ?Ole ~. 3 If there are a lot of words or phrases I don't know. b Discuss your answers w ith your class or group.g:so. 1 Note the page reference. I ask myself if the word is important in order to understand the text.r th. 2 Every time I come across a new word. 1 Careful reference /<§i&encW is€sent~/ essentially in a research paper.i /k. ~ in a dictiOnary or ask my teacher.n. 4 The earthquake wa SIron strongly enough to 3 Pete's a real technophobe. b Discuss your answers with the ctass.. For example. out and their meanings. 2 undisciplined 3 replacement 4 unhappiness un . I reach for the dictionary. 1 The man used a sharp ax to chop the tree down.qr. ~ :sr~that her bOss sa estruetio workers. 3 Using structural clues to figure out meaning a You can also use information about the type of word (adjective.is used with some verbs.U o c Choose the correct word in italic. If it isn't.e_n k_:' M 2 The word agree is the base word or root. Use a dictionary if necessary. ccmp!eJ:e kgtn-ney and /lad fuui 1 ku. c:tu. . analyze these words in the same way as complete the table and say what they all mean. »a.J L. I immediately look it up ~<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan from Unit 2: Making key pals In pairs... 2 First of all. b You can also use word formation to discover what a word means.an 7 ~ wi my fuw m dest&Yl1Pon. know something. rfly Jir1c . 1 Write as many quesHons as you can about the nonsense words cratty and choodle.ud.. so it's a tool for cutting down trees.1im< ¥ ..s aL-ways Ie as ""II as /k5l' flf .. > L. you figured Note: You will need to show these notes to a dassmate at the end of Unit 4..r enCe:red /:he.... Then try to guess more or less what the important words or phrases mean. a k1t of destrue Unemployed is causing 4 Hey....Z C> Z 01:: Figuring out meaning 1 Dealing with new words when reading a Read these strategies and check the ones that you have used when reading. disagreement: ::J >- o o Prefix Root 1 misunderstanding mi s under stan d discipline p l ace h app y cycl e Suffix in s 0. the noun made of three parts: prefix root disagreement is suffix ~~~ 1 The prefix dis. can I pick. nouns. I stop reading because the text is too high for my level. TiS:hJe:.w. I have to give this presentation next week and I know that you're really goocI at that kind of thing. Did yCXJ search for information on key pals? Have you made a key pal? In pairs. meaning. J cd-ml} pd up ""iI hand and <n [nglsh askd ~ -new teaJ:hey... n felt salisfied critical her wo .se4 high!¢< allik ~-11" <M nd 7M 1m "»as 5 /umcti. important new you learn from the reading texts. !:. new words.. etc. "ltdL the I:e:xl. 1 If I don'. Jane. 4 Applying what you've looked at a Read this text and decide which underlined words or phrases are important to understand the text.sm:m... 0 u appines is a quality that we don·t all misfortune to enjoy.errnan Ms= 'Whd lund q: chaxiIe. to discover what it means. RU connected? Unit3 . and adjectives to create the opposite.J was a!mud a.

want to see that movie again -I've already seen it six times. ( ) I wish I hadn't insulted her in fro nt of the other e mp lo~. 1 I don'l play soccer any more. ' /11 goin 0 m y grand father's 75th b There are six mistakes with the simple past and present perfc<:t in the essay on the right. . Z I've studied English since I was s ix and I still make mistakes. ~ 3 I'm only in California for a year or so ~ taldnBY 1 take a postgraduate course at UCLA. 5 Are you used 10 Ij Y in ~ • e Match the problems with the wishes and regrets. s ex weeken d I go / birthday party. If only I didn't have to work so bard. S We broke down on the highway and had to call for help. My Hom etown. 1 Water is boiling ~t 100 degrees Celsius. I wish I hadn't gone out to restaurants every evening. 3 moved Mve Icmt 1 have traveled 4 b as lived 2 m et 5 have had c Complete these sentences with five of the adverbs from the box. Look at the example and underline the remaining mistakes. please? 3 I didn't use to like (not/like) gardening when I was young but now I lovo it! (you/play) with toy trains when you were a kid? Did you use to play (you/live) in the country now? It's so quiel compared to tho town you moved from.ing verb and the verb in parentheses. 4 Have you finished that assignment yet ? We have to hand it in tomorrow. since for just already yet ever recently 1 I don'. 3 My boss fired me. simple present or present progressive. If only I bad fin ished my major.a Choose the correct tense. 4 I at u early and write for a couple of hours and the~ usua y go I'm usuaJJ oing fo r II walk. used to play (play) but I'm too old and slow now. a b c d e U only 1 had the money to buy 8. 1 I left collage early without a degree.I'm used to working here. S Have you ever taken part in a chat room? d Complete these sentences with the correct fonn of used 1o or be used to + . 4 I have to do two jobs to make enough 10 survive. I 2 I am not used 10 working (not/work) with music on. 2 I live a lone back home but right now I share IEsharj~n apartment with my sister. 2 I've gained a couple of kilos during this vacation. new car. 3 I've worked here for a long time and don 't want to leave . Write the corroct form below. Could you turn it off.

Could you send me the details? Luke Sure. I -'oed her what my options were. g Underline the odd word out.. . a".. or d. . . ~ . ' yo. P y and Created a SPlCit. yo. Luke r can try_ What's the problem? John r think I pir. aggressive. Only five words or phrases are used.she were fi eep telling us what to do _ we ree to work on our Own A result.. • persuade complain boast shout gossip disr. Toe fact is my salary IS JU low..ked lip a 1 virus when I was surfing the 2 Net Luke Oh .ussion argue 1 Our neighbors complained about the noise during Oill party last night. good to see you. spend everything I 5 . don't only repay the loan The Ideal Boss ~me.. __ ."". whe!1 a bank 3 . to fill in the blanks. and I. We all respected ffi' . I Wef1t to the bank for advice the other day.. for everybody Sh a smile .I have so many obligations nowadays that I right now. right away.. It's difficult for me to 4 •. no! So what h<'lppens to your computer? John Well. connection Net Web sile scroll bar home page log on online John Hey.inht now . 5 Have you heard? Joe and Helen had an enormous argument and aren't talking to each other anymore. some . but life is really hard but also the interest and I can't afford that. [ used olle and it worked.. Complete the sentences with the correct form of five of the words in the box. b. q. I try to be optimistic. I wonder if you can help me. 2 friend l ~tmosPhere in the workplac! _ we all gan to see each other SOcially She en?Ouraged us all to be . ".'ve ~ad a lot of bad managers in m y mcompetent. 3 Noth ing you say will persuade me to cross Niagara Falls on a bicycle! 4 Actors are well known for gossiping about each other . ay. apart from 2 ._--_. each other: we worked wdJ With a team and with h as her. and 5 organized b ' communicated a enl ' ut she great te'm . I haven '\ heen able to send any e-mails for days! Luke I know a very good 4 web site that provides really good anti-virus programs free. 1 Z 3 4 a a a a 5 a using @ pending lending ~aking owes b ends keep waste win b save ffi've c making ~ iSSing c aski ng d ?rrowing c borrows gives d guard c Jarn d gain Complete this dialogue by choosing the appropriate word or phrase from the box. 1 Eyes : bl<'lck/blue/brown/green 2 Wine: red/white/black/rose 3 Hair: blondlbrown/vellow/black 4 Meat: red/white/brown/dark . money. a.a lot of money recently and I needed some acMce from my loan officer. Of course. but she couldn't hear me.they love to talk about other stars' secret lives. c.. . You can 5 download them onto your computer. more money from the bank.e was not only experienced e Clent. But I'd like ~bou~ my last boss. 3 ~dependent ' didn't k ' In our work .sh er. whict11 really don't want to dO. attract friend create relax cooperate respect real organize romance independence h Choose the correct word. cold.I get this message saying an error has occurred and the computer just switches itself off.. I've been 1 .. every time I try to go 3 online ... 2 I shouted as loudly as I could <'II Ihe child. John Great. e managed to create a pleasant. download attachment file crash toolbar viru:.y . She w: ~e~:r~u re axed SOrt of person _ sh' c never seemed uptight or nervous and she always had time and '. we were 4 COOperative.f Complete this text with the adjective form of five of the words in the box.

~i 1 _ . The four people in the article below are a lso at the party and are not talking to anyone right now. Which one wou ld you talk to? Wh y? b Read the article quickly. Did you choose the person that the wri ter suggests is the most attractive? GLOSSARY a uribule ]lOslurc A positive foature of someone or something the way we hold our bodies as pire desire ilnd work toward something Unil 4 Together . -_ • 1 Reading skills a Imagine that you are at a party.

but actually I'm staying with my friend Rachelthat's her in the black dress O\lef there. I'm sorry. Are you having a good time? B Well. okay. A That's tru e. look I'm actually waiting for someane. right? B Yeah.we were in school together. I'm a flight attendant. What exactly do you do? A Oh. - C Lauro. Together T 38 Unit 4 . Do you travel a lot? B Yes. A Oh. it's okay. I suppose. A Good party. George B Yeah.. Come along some other time. a You like salsa? A love it. Why don't you come along? What are you doing on Friday? A Oh. I'm Rachel. I am. A Well. A Where ore you from? B Michigan. that's rea lly nice of you. I know. Irs from Italy. nothing exciting B Nothing exciting. iI's not so difficult when you're in the some town. A Oh. B Yeoh. How interesting! What exactty do you do? A Oh. delighted to meet you. I'm a flight anendanl. . 15 For Exercise 2a on page 39 !ioI A Hello there. A Hi. look .. A Yeah. Set a time limit affive minutes. I'm flying to Paris on Saturday. A That's true. I think the JXlrly's great. In fact. this is Jane. then? A Angie and 1worK together.sounds great A Yeah. ThaI's fasc inating. I bet you realty get to make some interesting discoveries. Are you enjoying the party? A Yeah.we're seeing a play at Ihe theater. sure. B Don't worry. present progressive. a Yeah. A Hi. She lives on the next block. yeah. a Is it? A Do you like it. Point oul the Glossary. the way.we were in school log ether. what do you do? B I'm a research biologist. what do you do? B I'm 0 research biologist A Wow. I mean. are you Iddding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. sure. B Hi. a Yeah. so do I. Caracas . rve just come bock from Coracas a wow.sounds great. I've just come back from Caracas. me. and the flight leaves very early in the morning . A Really? You've kept in touch? a Yeah. on the other side of town. irs not so diflicull when you're in the some town. irs great I've met some rea lly interesting people. A Wow... a Me too. Uh . rm George. maybe. maybe we could gel together one evening? How aoout Saturday? A Oh. I oought it in Milan. I've never been to Michigan. A Yeah.sorry. ore you kidding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. we do. I think Fli go get another drink. Do you live near here? B Well. "~--------------------------------------------------------------. a Oh. B Yes. A Nice shirt Did you get it here? B Heavens. Whal a pain! a Well. well. F minutes on Ihe bus to get ifty here. it was really fascinating. laura. A Oh. A Well. B Wow. we're going to try and go every week if it's good. lpause). A I'd kwe to. A Nice to meet you.Objectives Topic: attraction and communication Pronunciation Reading a scientific article Grammar future plans and intentions intonation: (going to. nice to meet you. near the airport A Hey. I've never been to Michigan. it is. maybe some other time then. since we live near each other.. I'm from New York. Do you mind . Caracas . nothing exciting a Nothing exc~ing. no. A Really? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. ThaI's fascinating. when you come on your own. a Okay. do you work with Dove? a No. Yes. I can give you a lift oock if you like. recognizing and simple present) expressing interest Ustening a conversation Speaking discussing intentions Ask students What do you do fa make a good first impression when you meet people for the first time? Write students' suggestions on the board and add (or elicit) the following: smiling looking cool listening folking a 101 being funny Introduce the topic asking questions 1 Reading skills Set up the prediction task. Do you live near here? a Well. on the other side of town. rm from New York lpause) So. Jane. look I'll give you my number .. too. right so you're in the travel industry. See you later. we do I suppose.' For Exercise 2c on page 39 !II A Do you work with Dove? B No. thanks. We went to a fantastic salsa dub there. A Really? That's interesting. I'm going to try that new salsa club on Friday. I know Dove from way oock . A Hi there. near the airport. lpause) A Well. I know Dove from way bock . A I mean. How interesting. Are you enjoying the party? B Hello. but irs a lillie difficult you know. I'm meeting some friends on Saturday . welt. A Hey! Sa do II B So you're in the Iravel industry. it was really fasc inating. yeah. How do you know Angie and Dove.. A Where are you from? B Michigan. I have my car here.. being a biologist? B Irs okay. A Really? ThaI's interesting. and then ask students tu read the text quickly and answer the question in Exercise 1b. 50. no. no. okay. A Yeah . by a Okay.

scheduled events. both women sound interested: their intonation has more high and low tones. In conversation 2. as needed. Ihe simple present is nolo common future form . they make friends and arrange to meet. Answers will vary.it is the decision you have mode. the more "exaggerated" the intonation. Going to is used to emphasize the intention rather than the plan or a rrangement . ask students to say who sou nds interested or bored. so do I How interesting! Nothing exciting. In 2. Caracos . You may need to play and pause the recording to allow students to wri1c their answers. Hey. Ask stud~nt s to discuss Exercise l d in pairs. Play the aud io again.Ask studen ts to co mpare their notes from Exercise lc with a partn er. As they listen. fThars my de<ision. and 4 . Ask students to listen for answers to tho questions in Exercise lb. he uses a flat intonation . Tho woman sounds bored because of her flat intonation: she does not seem interested in the man. plans. The audioscripts for Track 1 5 and Track 16 are on page T38 ~ 171-------------------------------------------------------------Really? Thors true. 1 3. Quick grammar guide: future The present progressive is used to talk about personal plans and arrangements that have been ful ly planned and fina lized. In English. the man sounds very bored. 2 Listening skills If you wish. and they seem to like each other and are making friends. The difference is subtle and often either fo rm can be used in any situation.j overuse the simple ptesentto lalk about personal arraogements. UI is arranged. 4 Grammar review and extension: future plans. exaggerating tho di ffe rences in pilch. I fJI9y tennis tomorrow afternoon.sounds great.! Common PfOb'ems and errors Students m(f. and arrangements in the Grammar Summary on page 4G of the Student's Book. and arrangements If students need help wit h Exercise 4.0 and a ppears to be wai ting for someone and wants the other person to go away. Conversely. with a slight difference of implied meoning. Monitor students and listen for common mistakes. Because English tends to use a wide intonation pattern. Play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and repeat line by line. Play the audio fo r Exercise 2a . review the ru les for expressing intentions. the court is reserved.1 I'm going to play tennis tomorrow. Realty? Thafs interesting. t\it 5 Speaki ng skill s Have students work individually to plan fo r one o f the si tUlI\ions.it is only used for impersonal. the "other" person gives up and goes away. Thofs foscinating. Ask st udents to complete the conversations. 3 . Then put them in pairs to discuss their plans. Answers: In conversations 1. ore you kidding? Wow. Play tho aud io for Exercise 2e. the man sounds interested . Play tho audio for Exercise 2c aga in. I'm ploying tennis tomorrow. or assign students to Tei. the more bored people sound . Pause after each conversat ion to elicit studen ts' illlswers. and then have student s roport briefly to the class. Wow. inten tions. no one can stop me. to copy the intonation pall crns they hear. first ask students to predict what they thin k the people in the pict u res might say in each conversation. Answers will vary.ld thi s again as homework. Ask student s to listen and match the conversat ions wi th the people. Answers: In 1. the more interested people sound. 3 Pronunciation : intonation Quick pronunciation guide The "flatter" the intonation. Unil4 T 39 Together . it is important to get students to reolly exaggerate when repealing the "interested" intonation patterns from the recording. Students should be using present progressive fo r fixed arrangements and going to for intontions.

1 I'm meeting some fri ends on Saturday. 1 Are you enjoying tho party? P 2 We're leaving for Paris noxt Monday. B Wow. . Really? That's interesting ? I've never been to Michigan. .) \-Ve are playing in the soccer fina l on Saturday. 2 her fli ght I leave / 7:30 / morning (This is the scheduled time.. I've just come back from Caracas. yeah. 1 she / fly I Thailand I Saturday (She bas already bought the ticket. are you kidding ? I bet you get to see some in teresti ng places .. 2 Your hoyfrielld's/girlfrielld's parents have invited you for lunch.we were in school together. such as a schedule? 2 II:: 2 Listening skills ~ a Listen to four conversations at a party.c Make notes of what the writer says about the four people in the pictures. describe the future? Write P or F. 5aluniOJi. (The people in the pict ures are the second speaker in each conversation. nothing exciting. P c Read the information about the ways of express ing future plans and intentions on page 46 . A ThaI's true . . Do you agree with th e writer? d Think of your best fri end or boyfriend/girlfriend._ 4 person _ . I'm a night attendant. 5 Speaking skills a Choose one of the situations below. travel) and your preparations (e. not a plan? 3 c Which example describes a very definite plan. 3 A Where are you from? B Michigan.. well. Make notes of your plans for tho situation (e. 1 A Do you work with Dave? B No. near the airport. no. I know Dave from way back . clothes.) I'm going to stay at home and watch soccer on TV tonight. 1'111 going to wear Together Uni14 3 Pron unciation: intonation ~ ~ listen to the exchanges again. using the correct form. 1 You're new in this town and you have been invited to a party on Saturday. Who sounds interested? Who sounds bored? Why? mtonation shows how interested we are in a penon or a conversation. but you want to make some new friend s. 5 we I play I ill I soccer final I Saturday (It's in the program. times. B Nothing exciting. b Which sentences describe the present and which What is tho outcome of each conversation? 2 Which conversa tion is the most successfu l? Why? 1 Listen 1 these short exchanges from the 0 conversations and complete them. b In pairs. conversation topics). Remember to show interest in what your partner says ! I'm going to a party on Satllrday. 2 The fli ght leaves very early in the morning. So.) 1 person _ 4 _ 2 person _ 3 _ 3 person _ .g. Match the conversations with the four people in Exercise la.) The game sta rts at 3:00 in the afternoon. You won't know anybody there. 3 her parents I take her / airport (Th is is their intention. it's not so difficult when you're in the same town. what do you do? 8 I'm a research biologist. 3 I'm going to try that new salsa club. talk abou t the si tuations and what you in tend to do. How interesting . Do you live near here? 8 Well . Listen and repeat the phrases that you wrote in the conversations above. A Rea lly ? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. on the other side of town . A Hey! SodoJ ! 2 8 So you're in the travel industry. Caracas Sounds great . ThaI's fascinating .. Where did you moot? What do you think first attracted you to that person? 4 Grammar review and ex tension: future plans. F 5 Jeremy always arrives late for the class.g. 4 1/ stay I home I watch soccer I TV tonight (But I could change my mind. Discuss the notes with your partner. Wow. F 4 I'm staying with my cousin in Chicago next weekend. a Which tense/verb form is used in each example? 1 '" present progressive 2 '" simple present 3 going to + infinitive b Which example describes an intention. 6 game I start I 3:00 / afternoon (This is the scheduled time. What exactly do you do? A Oh. F 3 My train arri ves at six on Wed nesday. we do.) 5k:s Illf"U 10 7ioa<knd on._ ~ b Listen again and answer the questions. We're sccing a play at the theater. and arrangements a Look at these examples and answer the questions.) Her fli ght leaves at 7:30 in the morning. I'm from New York. then write sentences from the prompts below.) Her parents are going to take her to the airport. I suppose. intenti ons. A Well. it was really fascinating.\. A Yeah. You haven't met them before and you want to make a good impression.

the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much. [) 2 The current trend and predictions for the future nrc for an increasing divorce rale. d But what are the reasons for this. Why . What makes a good marriage? Couples have to lenrll 1 accept each other's differen ces. many couples now cohabit and don 't bother to marry . so they don 't feci that they need to stay in a failing marriage. this is no lo nger the case.. and the rate is increasing.. \Vhile the rate of divorce has risen. docs the number of cohabiting couples not affect the trend? 3 . b The institution of m ar riage has been based for years pa rtly on economic need. the ratc of divorce in the U nited States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now. 4 The increase in the divorce rate may be the result of changes in society. In fact. so marriage is still quite popular. If •• · teen d connnucs. In addition to this. such as heart problems. Match the paragraphs with the four brief summaries..Marriage: a dying institution? 1 Read ing skills s One in Iwo couples in th e United Slates get divorced. Why do you think people gct divorced? Are there as many di vorces in your country? b Read the art icle quickly. arc the statistks deceptive with regard to people stayi ng in fi rst marriages? 4 . Some futuri sts predict that in 100 will+verb years. but they do not So is m arriage really an outdated institutio n? The fact that m ost people still get married indicates that it isn 't. Women used to be economically de pe nde nt on their husbands as they usua lly didn' t have jobs outside the ho m e. And it is also tr ue that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences.these couples are effectively married.. 1 . Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! c Find reasons for these facts in the article. . 1 The statistics may give an unnecessaril y pessimistic impression of marriage and divorce. and married men generally consider themselves m o re contented than their single counterparts. 0 GLOSSARY flx tra marilal outside of marriage gloomy dnprcssing. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriges. and will+verb extramarital affairs will be even more common than they arc now. pessimistic cohauit Iivl! together (as a couple) counterpart SOlIlIlo ne in tht! . C appear in either the marriage or divo rce statistics. [li} - !aJ THE STATE OF MARRIAGE TODAY • Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years. is marriage benefi cial to men? d In pairs. @j 3 A good marriage can bring a lot of benefits. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs. the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. UI IS first it will lead to the break-up of the eonditional family. the average American will marry at least four times. and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer [Q the first question is really quite si mple: marriage is no lo nge r the necessity it o nce was.~ame POSitiOll as another persoll Unit 4 Together . according to a spokesperson t for the N ational Family Association. In answer to the second question.. tal k about successful marriages that you know. more than 50% of first marriages survive. is marriage not a necessity for women any longer? Z ... to+ver to get worse.. Going b and the evidence suggests it is going . .

Together T 40 Unit 4 . Allow one minute. You may wish to point them out to students.Objectives Topic: marriage and the family Vocabulary the extended family. Divide the class into two halves. Answers: 1 They are no longer economically dependent on their husbands. going to. 3 There is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. Introduce the topic Elicit two lists of advantages on the board.Tell half B to work in groups of four to write advantages of being married. Set a short time limit (four minutes) to encourage students to skim the article. Extromarllal affairs = relationships outside marriage Gloomy picture = negative view Economic need = need for financial support Pessimistic outlook = negative view of the future Outdated institution = sociallrodilion that is not modern and needs chonging Vocabulary Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise l d in pairs. Remind them to check the Glossary. Elicit students ' answers and write on the board some examples of the students' advice. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise lc. There ore a number of collocations in the text. Tell them to discuss the questions and look back at the article to research their answers . and then ask students to read the article quickly and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise lb. 2 Because they do not appear in marriage or divorce statistics. Which "hair hod the most adYonloges? 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. 4 Married men suffer less from stress and feel more contented. Tell half A to work in groups of four to write a lis) of advantages of being single. life experiences Reading a social science article Grammar predicting the future: will. first conditional Writing an Internet posting Speaking discussing family and marriage Write on the board Being single and Being married.

form groups of four and ask the groups to follow the instructions in Exercise 4d. When students are ready. Let students check in pairs before goi ng over the answers as a class.2 Grammar: pred icting the future Help students find and underline the predict ions in the first paragraph of the article for Exercise 2a . 3 Vocabulary: th e family Ask students to do Exercise 3a and 3b individually and thon compare with a partner before checking answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 46. Additional actfvity Collect ond correct the postings and their replies. Unit 4 T 41 Together . In troduce the activity in Exercise 4c carefully. so thoy should write their "posting" legibly on a soparate piece of paper. helping students with ideas and vocabu lary. Tell them another student will read their work lator on. Common problems and errors A common persistent error is likely to be using the simple present for predidions. Then invite students to rewrite them ond post them on the classroom wall so that students have on opportunity to read whot everybody has written. Move around the class. Put students in small groups to practice the vocabulary by discussing the questions in Exercise 3d. Put students in pairs and make sure they agree on which statement they are going to write about. Ask 0 basic question to help students understond the gist (or main ideo) of the article: Is the writer concerned about the family or not concerned? Give students a minute to ask th eir purtner's opinion in Exercise 4b. and thell ask them which forms they use. ignoring the spoces. Move around the class. and thell ask st udents to write their own predictions and compare them in pa irs. especially with conditionals. If Peter doesn't come soon. Quick grammar guide: predictions Going to expresses 0 prediction bosed on evidence now. ask them to complete the paragraph in Exercise 2b with the correct verb forms. Presentation altematiYe Ask students to read the Internet posting quickly. will is used to express 0 prediction thot is 0 personol opinion. •• 4 Writing skills Let students check their answers to Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing as a class. helping students with any questions they have. Answers will vary. he ~ the start of the film. Model the activity in Exercise 2c by providing one or two examples. After students have studied the rules on pago 46.

c Complete these pred ictions in your own words. fat her. Which future forms do th ey usc? b Look at the ways of predicting the futu re on page 46. I believe that these children will grow u p with terri ble problems.4 children. Couples need to produce an average of 2.lttw in-law mother parent single sister step tradit ional working 1 7 . they become your ~. If the population cuntinues to fall.e. ..eY-{'n-/aw. com pare your sentences.ililJ:m. single-parent families 4 In the future. in pairs. blolliea children famil y fat her half ffl-... 4 Divorce is not necessarily bad for ch ildren.before they know whether their relationship is "right". Write a reply a nd "send" tJlO message back again. then write th em in the order in which we usually do these things in our lives. h Do you agree with the writer of Ihi s posting? Discuss the posting with a partner.and these poo r child ren get totally confused. then complete the paragraph below with the corroct form of the verbs. there 4 will be (be) fewer people in work.'Cide not to have children. 3 will cause (cause) many problems in the future. It is n't rig ht .or worse. 1 in 50 years. where a couple has gotten 5 divorced . leaving t he children with only one parent at home . In pairs. 2 If more people get divorced . In my day. Then. b.. What can we do about this? Your wife's brother is your /m:i:J.2 Grammar: predicting the fut ure a Read the fi rst paragraph of the article again. the size of families d In sma ll groups. 3 in the fut ure. where t he cou ple d idn't get 6 married in the first place. Underline four predictions ahout the future of marriage. Thi s. a (f can come at any time after b) Together Unit4 . 1 got a more chi ldren b married 2 got 3 got c a baby 4 go out with d engaged have a boy/girl 5 6 have f divorced . she is your half sister . Dno of the problems faced by the western world is its falling population..!1. which of course leads to more cri me and u nemployment.. but in many countries that has fallen to below two and 1 will definitely continue (defini tely continue) to faiL In some European countries the average couple has only one child and evidence suggests that it 2 is Boine to get (get) worse as more couples dl. exchange postings. i. and two children form a traditional famil y . Write a short posting of about 100 words. b Match the verbs and nouns. governments 5 will raise (raise) less money in taxati on. Read out interesting messages to the class. c You arc going to write a posting about a related topic. and there 6 will be (be) less money available for the sick and the elderly. 2 Single-parent famil ies can't bring up children as well as traditional famili es. which can't be good for them . with t he mothe r at home? It see ms tod ay t hat most child ren have 2 working mothers. 6 A man or woman on their own with children form a single-parent fam ily. d Join with another pair and in groups of four.!UL: child re n .. The order of the stages most often is: e. c Check your answers in the Vocabu lary Summary on page 46. of course. discuss these q uestions. 2 Your husband's father is your father-in-law . 3 Families where both parcnts work have sOllle Advantages. c. Then o f cou rse there are the 4 single-parent famil ies.. a nd if they had to work. mothers stayed at home with their child ren. discuss the st<ltemcnts below a nd choose one that you are bot h interested in. Then you get divorced peo ple who remarry and end up with seve ra l 3 Vocabulary: th e family a Complete each definition about the family with two words fro m the box. pare nts a nd children. 1 People have children too young . d . 5 Mother. Compare your order with a partner. so they are left wit h strangers all day.. 1 A woman with children who works ou ts ide the home is a working mother . What has happened to t he 1 traditional fam ily. marriage . they left the children with their own mothe r o r mot her3 in-law . 1 Do any of the phrases in Exercise 3a describe you? Which ones? 2 Do you have any of the people in Exercise 3a in your family? Which ones? 3 How many of the actions in Exercise 3b have you do ne·t 4 Writing skills a Read the Internet posting <lbout the state of marriage and com plete it with words fro m Exerc ise 3. 3 If you marry a man or woman with children. an d t he woma n has to brin g up the child ren totally o n he r own. 4 If you have a sisler with a different falher or mother.

b Discuss your answers with a partner. him . I wouldn't h ave a dose friend to confide m. ask and answer question s about your circle . but I don't think it really suits you. Do you agree? C Y and complote tho " important relattonshlps c d~~le with n amos of friends and family. though. We play b8S~n t~ether every weekend and have a great bme. What would you do . but listen when he/she wants to talk Together . We've been togot~er for three years and I th ink we'll get roamed some day. d In pairs. Then look at . How would your li fe be d ifferent with out them? A Who's Karen? B She's my girlfriend.. A And Paul? B He's my best friend. Talk about the people and why they are important to you. It might be nice if you cut it shorter. Someone near " me" in the circlo is more important than those further away. if your friend had a new hairstyle and you thought it looked awful? a say "What did you do to your hair?!" b say '1l1at looks great! Which hairdresser did you go to?" c say "Sorry.Friendship 1 S peaking ski lis What kind of friend are you? Choose the best a answers for you in the questionnaire below." if you were sharing an apartment with a friend and they never did any housework? a tell your friend they had to move out b stop doing housework yourself to make a point c talk to your friend about it and explain the probiem if your best friend started to make a lot more money and you were still almost always broke? If your friend was feeling really depressed after a relationship breakup? a feel jealous and ask your friend to pay for you all the time a stop calling your friend because he/she is atways complaining b tell your friend to call you whenever helshe wants if you were at a party with a friend and you met a really attractive person? a spend all evening with the person and ignore your friend b ask your friend if helshe minds if you spend the 'NhoIe evening with the person c invite the person to join you and your friend b see less of your friend because you don't want himther to pay for everything c suggest doing things together that don 't cost a lot of money c insist on taking your friend to parties." your score on page 149. Without.

peaple like that. if you had 10 choose the most imporlant person in your life. 50 rd say Carlos 5ontano or Kurl Cobain. A Well. tha t's fine. I see. "girlfriend" and then . if you had to choose the most important person in your life from. A Ah. A No friends? B Yeah. your mother. I'd like you to Ihink back to when you were a teenager. A 101 of people still soy their mother for that age. interesting. no. A Now. you know. A Oh. what do they mean? A Well. I got married two years ago. but we had a baby a couple of months ago. definitely.? B I don't know really. I guess my little daughter is Ihe most important person in my life now. bul I think we were starting 10 get more competitive. For Exercise lc.yeah. fo r most people real friendship begins after this period. that's fine. caring. Um if t hod to choose someone from that time. who would il be? B Mmm.. First. 17 1 20. I can't really remember. thars a little mare difficult I suppose Ihars the age when you start looking for role models and I was crazy about rock slars and basketball and that kind of thing. A Right. Now. Would that be okay? 8 Sure. Thank you very much. do you have a minute? I'm doing a survey on imporlont people at different stages of our lives. 1 Speaking skills Give students fOUI or five minutes to do Exercises la and lb. 0 B Easy . irs just amazing when. no contes!. Then put students in pairs to talk about their answers. and I'd like to ask you a couple of questions. t'm going to ask you to think bock to your childhood. A She became more imporlant? B Right . She lived just down the street . around the age of nine or len . A And how about now? Howald are you if you don't mind me asking? B No. Now how about the late teen years. A Thanks. have students copy the "ME" circle on a separate piece of paper. so we didn't trusl each other as much. I'm 26. Right. and. you see. lers sIT'( up to the age of four. I don't think so. nothing else seemed to matter . in sports. Culture note A fair-weather friend is someone who is only friends with you in the good limes . That's easy. thaI's the answer most people give. Briefly elici t answers from the class.. Now who stands out as the most imporlont person? B Well. my mother. the age of fIVe to eight years old.not a real friend. nol used commonly in speech)..my girlfriend. and sports stars like Michael Jordon. what I can tell you is that your answers agree with most of the population . Now. My first real girlfriend . a good listener. so obviously my wife is real imporlont to me. Your mom again? 8 Well. You know.. A Thanks. I lost touch with most of my friends and .. Together T 42 Unit 4 . soy. Foe = enemy lIiterary word. my mom used to go out to work and my teacher. A More importanllhan parents? B Absolutely. or perhaps a brother or sister. you know. I think I'd say I made my first real friend about that time. go ahead. B How young? A Well. 2l-ish. I'd soy it was my school teacher. well . And I didn't have brothers or sisters. 3 B That's easy . yeah. yes. soy 1 to about 16. A Okay.would you soy thaI was true for you? B Welt I'm not sure. etc. Give them two or three minutes to think of the names they are going to write in their own circle.it wasn't so long ago! A Good. if you look bock to that lime. . but I suppose after my girlfriend.. when I was about five to eight? A Right B . Far Exercise 4 on page 43 ':IiI A Excuse me.she become a kind of mother figure. you know.. B Four. for girls.. who would you choose? Jusl one. and so on. to when you were very young.Objectives Grammar Topic: friendship Vocabulary friendship: collocations Reading a magazine questionnaire second conditional Ustening interviews Speaking discussing friendship Set the scene by asking students What qualilies make a good friend? Elicit words and phrases like honest. bul if 1hod to soy right now. B Well. Much more imporlont A Now. A And would you soy he or she was the most important person in your life then? B Oh. B 50 wha t about my answers. t think it would be the girl I used to ploy with most. strike up a friendship means start a friendship. Well. Introduce the topk reliable. A And the next most imporlont person? B You mean.

in modern speech was is also used. and then ask different students to come up to the board and write one of their sentences.2 Vocabulary: friendship Briefly elicit answers from the pairs for Exercises 2a and 2b. condtianal Common problems and errofS Students confuse which form they should use in each clouse. would needs to be followed by an infinitive.. Play the audio again and ask students to expand the responses in Exercise 4c. II is useful to help students see the similority between If I had a new car . I would be upset. If I w9wJ9 §fI now. Model Exercise 3b carefully. and equate the simple past with such hypothetical concepts (and the post subjunctive if used in their first language!. Let students check their answers in pairs. then complete the rules. You may n eed to play the recording a second time. Unit 4 T 43 Together . 4 Listening skills Set the scene by writing on the board: porenls. Here. Point out that this sentence needs to be followed by an adjective. Point out that were is commonly used in the first person in second conditional sentences. ask students to underline the verbs in lhe clauses in exercise 2c. As you elicit students' answers afterwards." in other words. However. The oudioscript for Track 18 is on poge T42 11i. I moon = I'm going to try to explain Put students i. boy/girlfriend. they have little meaning and are used to give us thinking lime when we speak. Ask At what stage of your life are these people mosl important? Why? Then ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks and complete the "me" column.fun / being there / something that you have to work on. besl friend. If I were rich. and indicate grammatically correct answers: Friendship is . husband/wife. I would gel home sooner. . Play the audio for Exercise 4b. as needed. gerund.. Quick grammar gUide: . or past + past in both clauses. students often use would + verb in the condllionol clause as well as the main clouse. 1/F8lIeI88 around Ihe world. pointing out that students have to match the sentence halves and then write whole sentences. Since there is no such subjunctive in English. Start students on Exercise 2c by giving them examples for the first two sentences. Ask students to listen and complete the "survey" column .second Many languages hove the past subjunctive in hypothetical condllional clauses. and I wish I had a new car. buying time. or sometll/·ng + that . absolutely = of course I no problem or I agree well = give me a moment before I speak you see. elicit students' answers and have them compare the survey with their an swers. 3 Grammar review: second conditional For Exercise 3a. explain that the following expressions are often used to "buy time. Encourage them to practice using the words in Exercise 4c . Afterwards.. Their approximate meanings are listed below: sure. as in the example in sentence 2 . If someone at a party were unfriendly toward me.n pairs 10 do Exercise 4d .

friendly b Add the words in the box to the diagram. 4 c . I can't really remember. 5 If my girlfriend/boyfriend did something I disapproved of.... might. end the friendship... no contest. .~olutely.2 Vocabulary: frie ndship a Add some words and phrases from the questionnaire and scores in Exercise 1 to Lhe diagram. Sure. sure. u'Ved neay me. f . (Jb.. 1 If my best friend lived ncar me.If I w anted to get married . I would .. when' was abollt five to eight? 5 Well..c. 1 2 If I weren't so shy. 6 Well..If I weren't so shy. 3 WdL. I would end the fri endship.. 3 If [ wanted to make new friends. My girlfricnd. go ahead.f 7mf}hl 2 die .If we went out more oRen. '- 2 If someone at a party were wlfriendly toward me. 6 eld . d Share your ideas with another pair..U· you weren't so demanding. my mother.. compare yo ur answers from the chart and think about the future. 2 That's easy. Then match the condition clauses with the main clauses and write sentences in the second conditional with would. keep friends for longer. 7 Absolutely. 1 would . 4 You mean . ecJ. I w ould marry someone different from me... Who are going to be the most important people in your life'! Together Unit 4 . Much more important.. no.. 1 Friendship is . sec her once a week.. My first rcal girlfriend . '- 3 Grammar review: second conditional a Look at the clauses in Exercise 2c and complete the rule.If fee '»f}f /:e1. Second conditional = if + simple ~. Listen again and expand these responses to make them sound more natural. 3 a . pairs.. my mom used to go out to work . 1 mean. a .. I 6 If you weren·t so demanding. well. or could. 4 If we went out more often. we wouldlmight/could meet more people. I don 't think so..g. 5 b . I would . I'm not sure . I would . 1 a b c d e f 1 marry someone different from me..family friend .If I thought a friend weren 'l honesl with me. complete each sentence with two different ideas... meel more people. form a real " dose friend friendship iend'\. 8 Easy . You see . d In pairs. . frIEnd hey once. + would (not) + infinitive b Read about the second conditional on page 46. you ~ c When we speak naturally we often add little words to make our speech sound more natural. I would/migh t/could make friends more easilyhneet more people... make friends Illore easily. you would might/cou ld keep friends for longerl make fri ends mo re easily. / __ old friend become fr ie nds I 4 Listening skills a Who is the most important person in your life right now? Why? Has this always been the case·! Complete this table for the different times in yo ur life....od/ fri end \ --- be friends M. you see. e. Can YOIl add any other words or phrases? 9-12 13-16 17-21 22-25 become friends form a friendship girlfriend real friend strike up a friendship unfriendly C [11 ~ b Listen to a survey based on the table above and complete the ·'Survey" column.. 4 If [ had a fair-weather friend. I 3 If I wanted 10 get married.. we 5 If I thought a friend weren't honest with me. definitely. Important people in my life Age 0-4 5-8 ~ best friend . Survey mother girl down Ule street fi rst real friend role models first rea l girlfr iend wife unfriendly . 6 One way of striking up a friendship is ..

1 finished ages ago. Explain 10 your partner. Keep a note of the other students' answers.. using these questions. if you don 'I mind. a ssertive behaving and expressing ideas in a firm and confident manner 3. A 5 Well . n on-assertive not making your opinions and desires known.. 3 Wasn't very assertive of us. decide whether these expressions are assertive (A).. . It is such a pain 2 Remember last summer. . Write the initials ofthree or four people on the scale. friends. aggressive.. Which words have the speakers left out from the underlined expressions? 1 I still havon't done the last two. That's/How amazing. Whore did it happen? II was in a pizza place in town . How assert ive are you compared with the other members ofyoUT group? 4 Feedback Report your group's results to the class. finished ages ago. Which questions do they discuss? b What kind of person do you think Rob is. with examples.1 Warm up a Look at the defi nitions. or non-assertive? How about Jane? 1. or argue with someone non-assertive assertive aggressive I b In groups. often indicating that you want to fight. . 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people completing and discussing the questionnairo. NA c Thi nk of your famil y. attack. 1 This has happened to me so many times such a pain. NA 6 I don't mind what we do. or aggressive (AG) language. I'd ask people to introduce themselves. b Discuss th o quiz in a small group. the restaurant near the beach? Do you remember . aggressive behaving in an angry or rude way. When did it happen? Who wero you talking to? How did you roact? Why did you roact as you did? How did you feel afterwards? 2 Task a Take the quiz on the opposite page to fi nd out how assertive you are. 3 Prepare a Check your answers with the key on page 149. A 2 Do it now! AG 3 That's a really dumb idea. and acquaintances. willing to accept what others want above what you want 6 Notice a Look at these extracts from the conversation. What was the incident? I had really bad food at a res/aurnnt. Which group has the most assertive members? Unit4 Together . non-assertive (NA). b Find tho "missing" words in these examples from 2.. 4 Really? Amazing. why you put thorn there. Where do you think you come on the scale below? Put a cross ut} at the best poi nt. was it? Itlfhat wasn't. Which of them do you tend to say? 1 I wou ld like 10 discuss this with you. In info rmal conversation we often leave words out. if you say so . AG 4 I sec your point. Done yours? Have you done yours? 2 Yeah. 7 Follow up Look at the sit uations in the quiz. assertive. lei's do it your way. Have you been in any of those situations? Did you assert yOUl'self or not? Discuss the situation with your partner. b Summarize what you have learned about yoursel f and others in your group. the convorsation. but in my opinion .

. A. 2. After they hove finished. Neither . If necessary. help them to think of a situation and of their answers to the questions in Exercise 7. Allow 0 couple of minutes for each role-ploy situation.. Ask students to listen and say which questions they discussed. ask students to write three or four sentences to summarize their findings. Topic: assertiveness Reading a magazine Ustening people doing a quiz Speaking answering a question naire adverbs used with present perfect questionnaire 1 Warm up Ask students to look at the definitions in Exercise 1a and mark themselves on the scale. Answer: 2 Task Ask students to lake the quiz. . and Cs they are aggressive.•.. Afterwards. Decide which film you want to see at the movies tonight. Determine which group is the most assertive. An assertive statement is expressed us ing polite language (I would like . and 3. You could write the following phrases on the board to hetp students prepare their summaries: We found that whereas . elicit from students what the difference between an assertive and an aggressive statement is. 3 Prepare After they have checked their answers. and then ask students to work in pairs to find the missing words in the sentences in Exercise lib. Then divide the class into groups pf fo ur and ask them to discuss the expressions in Exercise lb . When they are ready. T As they are ell assertive. Answers: They discussed questions 1. Write three situotions on the board. Jane is assertive. an aggressive statement is often short and rude. playing their roles.. Both . elicit students' answers for Exer cise s b. nor.. Tell the groups to discuss situation 1.. Decide what you are going to cook together for dinner tonight. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to prepare to speak. or C. Decide where to go together for vacation. and .J or conciliatory language (1 see your point. Bs they are non-assertive. PresenIo1ion alternative 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to present the group's findings. but . The oudioscripl for Track 19 is on page T45 11 Together T 44 Unit 4 .Objectives Grammar present perfect. ask pairs of students to take turns asking each other about the situations. Additional activity Divide the class into groups of three.. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa . .. . students should make a note of each other's answers and pay special attention to the ones they have in common. Then divide students into groups of four and ask them to discuss their answers. change situotions and change roles.. . B. Give each student in each group a letter. Rob is non-assertive. 6 Notice Read through the examples in Exerc ise lia a loud. J. Afterwards.. .

. Rob Right. me too. in our Spanish closs. What about number 1Wo? Rob The restaurant. we've both seen examples of thot . yes. Rob But irs so true. Okay. rd ask people 10 introduce Ihemselves. Jane What do you do? Rob Well. Every day. I hate not knowing people's names . so "bo.remember lost summer. The food was terrible. and we all sitlhere and soy nothing. the restaurant near the beach? Jane Yeah. Jane Yes. I've been in that situalion so many times. Well. parking. remember? Wasn't very assertive of us! Rob No. I haven't checked !he key yet. right? Jane Ah. Unil 4 T 45 Together . I love dOing these things . Rob Okay. Sut we just left it...you sow itlirst. Jane Really? Amazing. so I can't really soy. so I'd jus! drive off. Jane Really? rm amazed. we still don't know each othe(s names. I don·tthink irs worth ge"ing in a fight.. This has happened to me so many limes .. I still haven·t done the lost two. but the restaurant was very busy. Done all yours? Jane Yeah. finished ages ago. this is a funny one . you're right.such a pain! I stop the car and gel out and tell them to leave the space. don·t you? Rob Do you? I'm not sure. Jane How are you doing? Hove you finished yet? Rob Nearly. On 10 the third one. What hove you got for number one then? Somebody's just taken your parking space .For Exercise 5 on page 44 . What have you found out then? Jane Well.you find out so much about yourself.

a I drive off without saying anyth ing. Do you usually find yourse lf losing while the others wint Then perhaps you're the non-aggressive type. a Tell your friend firmly that you value your things and would like them back. win. c. But enough talking.n. . if that's how things normally happen. b I leave it on the plate. You've lust joined a c s 0 twenty students Rnd you don't know anybody' name. What are a few books and CDs compared to friendship. toot Well. I have an argument with them and then drive off in a bad mood. Say nothing. anyway? '- a I complain to the waiter. take our questionnaire and find out who you are. ( I threaten the manager with legal action . but have you considered .Win. . What do you dol a I've never heard so much garbage in my life before! b I can see what you're getting at. b I insist that the other driver leave the space. you're probably the assertive type. b I suggest to the teacher that we all introduce ourselves briefly. ? c Yeah. Do you win and do they win. whereas the others normally loset Just maybe you're the aggressive type. I suppose you're right. b Tell your friend that they're behaving like a thief and you won't lend them anything else.. Together Unil4 . a I avoid using people's names and refer to them as "he" and "she" . or just loseil Do you always win. c I go around introducing myself to everyone. . .

very definite rootine or scheduled events. I 'll ask for an autograph..) I'm going to feel bad tonight.RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Future plans.) We also use this conditional when the state or action in the if clause-contrary to a present fact: "I had a big house. we could move to the country. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning of the sentence.) "I were you. win I won't + infll1itive If Malia goes to the party. The first conditional predicts a Mure result dependent on a future condition: If you wert hard. form a friendship . make friends. he wiD bite you. John's flight arrives at 16:20.-e Simple present "esent booked. No. If J met Nicole Kidman. I'd give a lot of money to poor poopl new iOb III accept it lflhey offer me a new job. appointments made. I'll give a lot of money to poor people. we would buy tickets for the festl'nlJ. would I wouldn't + infinitive If M8Iia went to the party. lcimity Family members: workJ:"'9 mother step mother / fathef I brother I sister han brother I sister mother / father I brother / sister~in-Iaw 2 Friends and friendship 3 First conditional Collocations with adjective + noun: best friend cbse friend fai'weather friend good friend geat friend old friend real friend _ Collocations with verb + noun: be friends become friends lorm 8 friendship keep friends make lriends strike up a friendsr'Compound nouns: frierdship boyfriend gI1friend "- Us. I'll cancel the babysitter: We can put the clauses in either order: I'll cancel /he babysitter if James Is staying at home tonight. We use might when the result is less certain and could when there i element of ability or possibility. If he told her he loved her. you'll pass the exam. 1 fax expressions that mean statt a fri€ndship become friends.. U. Frs! conditional - on past evidence (often election. and arrangements Fann 4 Second conditional U . are you going to do this weekend? If you are IJ'lsure which form is correct.. or feel at the time of speaki"Ig will / won't + verb personal opinions about the future and predictions based It's goilg to rail. I'd accept it. They aI'Nays do \AIhen the economy is bad.) I think the Democrats will probably win the lfl won the lottery. I'm seeing John tonight. one j. She might marry him if he tokJ het" he loved her. '-1 If II go / abroad next year I I /probably go / Europe If I go abroad next year. the Republicans will win.: " Phil got 8 promotion. (look allhe clouds. I. ""--' 2 If I I /win I lottery I I I give 18 lot of money / poor people U I win the lottery. good friend. schedules. I'd get 8 new job. strike up a friendship 2 ooe wf1'o/ of describing a person you have I<ncrM1 lor a long tine old friend ff + present. 0 em't have a big tnJse. I' ll probably go to Europe. then I wouldn't go. O'~ had too much to eat. S two words that suggest a romanti: friendship boyfriend . It is possible to use other past forms in the if clause. real friend 4 ooe way of desCfibing a friend in a negative way fair-weather frie . I'd ask for an autograph. prog. lflhey offered me a new job. I'd probably go to Europe. great friend . then she might marry him. 3 five ways of describing a friend in a positive way best friend./ Sometimes going to and the present progressive have little or no difference in meaning: What are you doing this weekend? W1lat If someone famous were coming. use gohg to." Adjectives: ftiencIY lXlfriendly Find these words or phrases from the lists above. concerts The concert starts at eight o'clock. e. )( We're gotJg to the movies. Make two complete sentences from each set of prompts. 3 If I they I offer me I <J 2 Predictions about the future Fonn Use Examples gXlg to + verb predictioos for whK:h we have eVdenoe rv::m.. (Phil is unlikely to going to get 8 promotion. 4 11 / I / meet / Nicole Kidman I I /ask / autograph If I meet Nicole Kidman . (I'm not you.:. plans or intentions: 8 decision made before Examples I'm going to study We use the second oondiOOnal to talk about a future result or action • 's lX1IikeIy because the concition in the if clause wi probably not be fuIfitt. -We can put the clauses in either order. I'd be much happier. girlfriend 3 Life stages go ~ out with a boy / have a baby ~ girl ~ get engaged ~ get married Unil4 ----------------------~ Together have mon3 children ~ get divorced . We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning ' the sentence. . with think and adverbs such as definitely. etc. U I went abroad next year. baSed 00 SCfl'lE!thOg we can see. (otten with time adverbialsj We're leaving tomooow. Vocabulary Summary 1 Family Types of family: traditional lamiy one-parent / single-parent / step prediction that depends on a futtxe cx. first conditional and one in the second conditional. Avoid repeating the verb go when you use going to: We're going to go to the movies.nc:jOOn ""'" fuIf"'" If you continue to amoy the dog.) Fo. It is possible to use other present forms in the if clause of a first conditional: If James is staying a/ home tonight. I'll accept it. and other modal verbs (usually might or could) in the main clause: +""'" the tine 0 1 speakKlg definite plans: tickets medicine.g.. close friend . She's going to get manied.:.e. hea". then I won 't go.. intentions." If + past. Fo.

["Ven 1:Jwugh. fay dh. AliAo«gh wd.{y and firmLy. the writer argues for or against a main point of view.m 1:0 k groi Wt:e-n.ieved th. Step 4: Read the drall and focus on improving the organization of ideas..p:Jrtan/. 1:0 t.ren!. . &n.ey.ia!. It also introduces the main idea of the essay in one sentence that can either come near the beginning or the end of the paragraph.in 7If:}f op:nam.ch.a/. It restates the main idea of the essay and often finishes with the personal opinion of the writer. as msped..e and this ~ of c.isYesped. 5 Applying what you have learned a In pairs. . Note: you will have to discuss your essays/discursive essays at the end of Unit 5. 'WIticA famuL}! kes can be 5trengt/Jened..e nu-mUr of di.*. . Farst of aJl.. the main body of the essay.. However.. • Jina1Ly..cn. 3 5ecortd..J > Ll.~ . It is not true that .ey saw tf. Step 5: Write the final version of the essay. Which title is the besl one? 3 Organizing a discursive essay This type of essay is usually organized into three parts: the introduction. and the punctuation. main body...:y.d 1m. f ~ IAalthe famuly " lJ<. . 2 The conclusion summarizes the main points dOCuSS6d.. and conclusion. to tmk at ~s in." -ve'1f ''''f'J>'Ia. a RII in the blanks in each of the definitions below vvith introduction. Being rich does not guarantee happiness. The arguments for or against the main dea.. . Step 2: Organize your ideas into paragraphs. It is true that . ~ >- 1 The fut ure of the traditional family is under threat. ~r fuu a ngN 10 e-:r. . d/./ agree /:hal. professional. - ~ ~ ~ &:II: 2 Thinking about the main idea a Look al these three titles for the essay below and then read it. and the conclusion.b.cen CQm. fO/rl'li..t:me to imprcrve ~s wIlkn the famuly . Function Expressing the writer's opinion Examples In my view.stru.Ctzl:i. then..wmkr of things thd can 6e d.gns of this cYiSiS bxw. fqr. "Very few Yf'41Ly an: .-c1»:t.~--' . why not 'Mile one? Here are some basic steps: Step 1: Look carefully at the title and brainstorm ideas. 3 The dangers facing the fam ily's survival can be prevented.i!L wIu. Rrst.. o ---' Ll. .YOU.>----. .S and ciuuben should Want 1:0 Wt:en 1:0 each ci/wy. b Check your answers with the teacher. .cf._ _ _ _ _ ! _~e:r<:tVt: oiLgalums 'n the family..Ys. compte1eLy.e.e c!turm tha/. Technology has made life today easier.h..e cl. aYe st.1n .:.pess their 'ViewS clea.9 to sIww d. Although To sum up. tfus is 6ed adl. in fi/l:y years (JY SO tile 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly wJl k <kep T/. .CYeaSe in stngtepa.I ieliew thd d is im.ai.-eaf. ~yS of the famuly sMu1d re5p«l wd. 3 The introduction provides the reader with the general direction of the essay. is true tfuJ1 there are a td of pessures on. m'e a n. .Y main body can be made up of two or more paragraphs.. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: writing a discursive essay If this type of essay is important to you for academic.'V(JYCeS and the .famulies 10 _k Iogdher 10 strengthen /:.h.heiy ~S . and a senSe of ye~ . 'n = . the language.~.:'/'t.ety 10 disappw.anl in a happy famuly. of the essay are discussed here. paYe:n). the~ " the ~ of fyudgm and -. ~--..It " the.:i GMng examples to support your argument Usting your points Expressing contrasts between two ideas Making conclusions 5.aJue IS "Very i?>!fXJrl. .. Of personal reasoos. .z o C) A discursive essay 1 Thinking about the main topic In a discursive essay.cd..f blunk J. Before you read an example of a discursive essay. o..J o 0... inm-ves Bi"Ve and I:ak..ance I. Jiyfl of aiL. d is 'W'I'On.. Answer 2 is the best title. ' . b Compare your answers and justify your chOice._~:~_ . . 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly Iaiay .. many pe<Jf/.enimg IS a great sI<. cI.e:rs OY far th.on. Jtaweny.. Here are some possible essay titles: LMng in a small family is better than living in a big one. I believe that .muni....eiy OpiniDrlS.. ~. -values sucf.--'.hem is a th. Socond. discuss this question: D:J you think the tradition8l fam!ty unit is in danger? Why? / Why not? ~<K1 REVIEW Review your action plan: figuring out t he meaning of new w ords In pairs. Expressing other people's opinions Agreeing with other opinions Disagreeing with other opinions or a situation Some people saylbelieve tha1 ..s in 5cn>Ie pa-ds of the wrJrtd. 2 Respect is the key to the preservation of the family.e. _ .i"Ve 4 Using fixed phrases in an essay a We use many fixed phrases In writing formal essays. in about 250 words. 1 50me 1 The pwp(.. show each other and talk about the important new words you learned from the reading texts in Unit 4 . complete paragraph 4 in the essay on the lell. compare your answer with the model on page 149. ~ I"~~):. /... Say how you figured out lhe meanings.Idh. b Under1ine the main idea of the essay in the introduction and in the conclusion. For example.tn:J. Study the list below and then add at least one example from the essay to each category. Step 3: Write a draft version. the famuLy Wiay and . Together Unit4 .. b When you have fi nished .e..

• •• • • • water cooler armcha ir answering machine c Write fl defin it ion of an object from Exercise lb (or choose your own) . . read ou t the deflll itions for other students to guess the objects. 's a small gadget/device/machine thaI .. UnitS Eureka ! . plastic 6 Plastic is the perfect recyclable material.-ne dishwasher armchair food processor ironing board a lann clock dishtowlli cutting board ""'" """'" photocopier fax machine 7tII1Ck-ne filing cabinet mouse pad paper clip hole puncher correction fluid sticky notes ans. or both? washing mach ine paper clip dishwasher water cooler annchair answering machine food processor ironing board alarm clock hole puncher dishtoweI fi ling cabinet correct ion fluid slicky notes photocopier mouse pad cutting board fax machine ft"s the thing 11"0 use at home I in the offi ce fo r . usi ng at least two of those words: invontion material accident importa nt most durable fortunate li fe-changing history c These statemen ts all contain factual errors.g 7>Ii1du.tion fluid 4 (1 flat surface that you put under a computer mouse so that it can move smoothly mouse pad 5 a contai ner that stores and chills drinking water water cooler b Put tho words from the box below in the table. mouse pad.f' Yl:ng . Others are soft or malleable 5 Planes have carried radar machines since radar was invented.. found by accident 3 Parkes found that collodion turned into a solid if it was ex posed to i!.cn.ing verb Irs a kind of machine 10 piece of equipment that . 1 What informat ion about plastic was !lew to you? 2 What plastics do you use in your everyday life? 3 Do you profer plastic or natural materials? Why? c Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. Read Ihe a rticle again and correct them. Write a title for the article. 1 Society today uses a lot of traditional materials in the home and office... new/modern/plastic 2 Inven tors spent a long li me trving to fin d the fi rst plast ic... heat 4 plast ics arc hard and durable. everyday What do you call that stuff/thins 1I"t' use for + . Say these compound nouns to yourself.. 3 Reading skill s a Look at the pictures with the article on the opposite page.. 1 a small pieco of bent wire that we usc for holding pieces of paper together paper clip 2 small pieces of paper with glue on the back that are used for sticking notes on other papers and surfaces slicky notes 3 a white liquid used for covering mistakes in somothing you are writing r. . What are these objects made of? What do you think is the mosl common material we use today? b Read the article quickly and check your answers. e.orrer.2 Pronunciation : stress on compound nouns a Compound nouns are made of two words. discuss these questions.ir. ad-. In grou ps. read tho descriptions of usefu l. J. d In groups. Use the pictures and the li sl in Exercise lb to help you. not a perfect Home Office Both au.i118 verb? inventions and guess what they arc. Is the stress on the firs t or second word·~ washing machine paper clip dishwasher ~ b Li ston and check your answers. Wh ich items can be found at home.. USEFUL LANGUAGE USEFUL LANGUAGE 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects a In pairs. in tho office. Some.g.

Which one does the class think is Ihe most useful invention? 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects Have studcnts work in pairs to match the descriptions in Exercise 1a to tho objects. the stress is always on the firs! word of compound nouns. Tell students to skim the article in order to do Exercise 3b. teads directly into the pronunciation focus of the next exercise. tough". Have students copy the table in Exercise lh into their notebooks and then work in pairs to complete it. Answers will vary. etc. Ask a lew. Ask students to listen and check their answers. between Ihem. •• Pronunciation check 2 Pronunciation: stress on compound nouns Have students say where the main stress is in the compound nouns in Exercise 2a. Briefly review the answers with the class. r. Let students chock thoir answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. Play the audio for Exercise 2b.nd five interesting inventions . In their groups.pairs 10 teillhe doss who! they chose. Make sure both students write. students to repeat after you. lind remind them to use the phrases in the Useful La nguage boxes. poper clip. Ask students to find them in the text. The strong stress In each case is on the first syllable of the first word. rubber bond. Tell them thol they have one minute to 1001:: in their purses and pockets and. This check. meaning by asking students to use the adiectives to describe obiects in the classroom. Many of the words in the text are descriptive adjectives. splitting the original pairs. read the words in each column aloud and ask. a fax machine may be found in both homes and offices. strong rubbery hord durable". Ask students what plastiC objects they can see in the classroom. Remind them to use the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. students take turns reading their definitions aloud and guessing the objects. Check. hard. As you elicit answers from the closs. •• A good way to manage Exercise 2c is to put students in pairs to write definitions.an eraser. In English. eliciting student answers to the questions in Exerc ise 3a. They should correct the mistakes and then look back at the relevant part of the text to find the answers and check their changes. Then divide the class into groups of four to six. Note: Students may disagree with somo of the answers listed.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventions Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading third conditional everyday objects stress on compound nouns a magazine article Speaking hypothesizing Put students in pairs. Suggested tiUes: The most important invention in history A fortunate and li fe-changing accident The most d urable malerial in history Have students work in pairs to correct the statements in Exercise 3c. Divide the class into groups of four to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 3d. 3 Reading ski lls Have a brief class discussion. ond why they think these ore useful inventions. long-lasting soft silky '" soft and smooth like silk light heavy The oudloscrlpl for Track 20 is on poge T49 ~ Eureka! T 48 Unit 5 . Give them a time limit of four minutes. for example. Answers: All the objects in the pictures are made of plastic. with the exception of a 'form clock ond co 'rrection fluid.

or cooditional. 5tudents often try 10 reflect the subjunctive by using would + have + past participle in the conditional clause as well as the main clause. Same languages use a compound subjunctive structure In the ifclouse. Go around tho class and help. it is a good idea to go around the closs monitoring and noting down errors. Quick grammar guide In many languages there are structures similar to the third conditional in both farm and meaning. Review the rules and the form. go over the example carefully. AI the end of the activity. Let students check their answe rs in pairs before as king individuals to come to the board to write their sentences. 5 Speaking skills -Conection guide Give students a few minutes to look at the questions and think of answers. Parkes wouldn't hove discovered plastic if he weIMlR'! /. For Excrciso 2 on page 48 11. where students are trying to use a complex structure in a fluency actiYity. which has no equivalent in English. w~---------------. Walk around the room. The main problem with the third conditioool in English is remembering to get all the parts right.without saying who mode them. Don't interrupt students talking in groups iuSI note down errors with the third condilional that they make. Then put them in groups of four to discuss the questions. If your students find it difficutl to be imaginative. clause. and then ask students to rew rite the sentences. write a few random phrases on the board a t the start 01 the activity which they might use to help them form sentences.19\'8 !eft his collodion near heat. Ask the class to correct them. m onitoring students and taking notes on any common mistakes you hear.tt LA 4 Grammar: third conditional Have students work in pairs to answer the chock questions in Exercise 4a and complete the rule in Exercise 4b. washing machine paper clip dishwasher water cooler armchair onswering machine Unil5 T 49 Eureka! . Common problems and errors Using would in both clauses instead of just in the if. For example: work hard to do have more!less free lime wash/walch/listen to/use hod to been able to more/less healthy more/less Ihings In on aclly/ty like this one. wrile three or four errors you heard on the board . In Exercise 4d.

the Internet modern medicine . Because some plastics are resistant to extremes of heat and cold. which was conunonly used in film ~ making.p~st .. 2 Was techno logical development s low? No 3 Arc the events in the sentences in the past or 4 present? Past Can we change the facts? No 5 If Bill Gales had nol started Microsoft Microsoft If slarted Bi!l Gates hill1 llQ1. Since those early days m any different plastics have come into existence: hard. if we could develop a plastic that was 100% recyclable. they have facilitated the development of things as diverse as kitchen equipment and the space shuttle. was launched in l862. durable plastics. ~ .dn. wouldn 't a t?ml ~ weapons have SCientists created S(. malleablc. which he realized was a reaction to heat.Recent history has seen countless new inventions that have changed the lives of most people on this planet.'}j.If Tim Dem ers Lee lli!. b Find a similar sentence in the article and <:amplete this rulo for the third conditional. but like many inventions. computers. in comparison with glass.di!lli llillild a lot of people would have died. wouldn't ~ havc llil d iscovered he wouldn't have discovered 8ravity. Just look around you .!!. clothes that you're wearing.Ientisis wouldn't havll created a tomic weapons. easily moldable substances. Alexander Parkes. the H yatt brothers in the United States im'ented a similar substance that they called cellulo id.ollodion malleable 1 ~ the Web ./liLr/Jl!. Chuck your a. How wo uld your life have been different if you'd boen born 50 yoars ago? 2 How would life. 1 3 If Ein.:t h wouldn't havc becomc a profossor at MIT. discuss those questions.everything these days.'t disintegrate break up. . for example. Parkesinc. strong.. ~ and cars. an Englishman. before then radar machines were roo heavy.L. or disappear . liquid used ill medicine. in a papcr bag! But it can take up to 100 years for plastic to d isintegrate. to stop bleedi ng call (.stcin hadn't d iscovered relativity. a lot slower. we really wo uld have found the " wonder sruff"! GLOSSARY d Rowrite thu sentences by putting the underli ned words and phrases in the correct order. silky fabri cs.{.o from the article and answer the questions. he wouldn't have become the nches! man in the world. ~ he htut. and in the no t~too-dista nt furure about 40". from grocery bags and children's toys 10 furniture. are made of materials we didn't know 150 years ago? What.how many of the things in your home or Jffice. If Parkes hadn't discovcred that fi rst plastic. Just think. At about the same rime. gradually rot. tools you're using. + 1!:!mM + have + pust parliclple (. light and safe. kill thousands of fish and other marine animals every year. and discovered that the liquid had tumed into a tough. technological d evelopment would have been a lot slower. 1 If + . is the most common material in your environment? "Jur lives would have been vcry different if plastic had not come along 150 ycars ago. The first plastic. very durable and. ' ' 2 If Isaac Newton hadn 't sat under the ap ple tree 4 Grammar: third conditional a Look at thi s scntcn(. However.llswur with the Grammar Summary on pagu 56 . and it was o nly with the d evelopment of light plastics that radar could be fined to planes. have been d ifferent for your great grand parents (Circa 1920s) with these invcntions? washing machines TV video I DVD . rubber y material.lQLQf ~ .. Plastic bags thrown into the sea. Plastics are extremely useful because they arc cheap to produce. 5 Speaking skills In grou ps. c 'IHJI&:i'}j. 4 Did Parkes d iscover the first plastic? Yes If Al exander Fleming hadn't discovered penicillin. soft. ma rc and more people arc recycling.. Replacement bod y parts are even made from plastic today! We obviously need this material. went to his medicine cabinet o ne day to get some collodion. If Parkes hadn 't disco vered that first plastic technological development would have bee. Plastic is used in just about -. of plastic may be recycled. Imagine carrying a pack of fo ur twoliter glass bottles hom e from the supermarket. In fact.ff 7i:m. it came aboul through a very fortunate accident. and discarded plastic can be d angerous.honge shope easi ly (.'t CYeaf:ed the Y"e6 he ha'"re ~ a ~ at 'JrLJr.

Daniel Peter had the idea of adding milk in the chocolate-making process and produced the first milk chocolate. James Baker and John Hanan opened the first chocolate mill in the United States. 1 Is chocolate good or had for you? It's good in small quantities 2 How was chocolate first Ilsed? As a drink 3 Which country has the most "chocoholics"? Britain 'PaYag Yaph J 'Paragyaph 1 b Read the article again and match each paragraph with a short summary. introducing chocolate to the average citizen. solid chocolate was becoming familiar. a delegation of Mayan nobles visited Philip of Spain and gave him jars of cocoa as a gift. Paragraph 1 the popularity of other Paragraph 2 choc good foy !fou . Chocolate has also been shown to release endorphins in the body: these chemicals help to reduce pain and stress and make you feel happy. Researchers warn that although chocolate is good for you . which means "bitter water" . etc. chocolate has grown enormously in popularity. Cocoa soon became fashionable in Spain and Portugal. The word chocolate comes from the Nahuatl word xocolatl. GLOSSARY circulation the movement of blood around the body staggering amazing. discuss these questions. discuss the questions. 1765 Baker ~ Hanan lsi choc. woman. In 1753. 6'g choc eaf. 2 But who first discovered this wonderful way of keeping healthy? The Olmec Indians of Mexico and Central America were the first to@Jow cocoa beans. look at yo ur notes. The researchers have discovered that cocoa acts like aspirin and that eating a bar of chocolate once in a while may contribute to a healthy diet. how much chocolate do you eat? Are you a chocoholic? 3 When do people eat ch ocolate? Why do they like it so much? the origins of chocolate SCIENTISTS SWEET OVERY! 1 Good news for chocoholics: the treat preferred by millions all over the world is good for you. In the 17th century.c Read the article once morc and underline the import ant details. a r . 3 In 1544. in Switzerland .ptg counh-:/' Bril'n '>--1-- Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 forms of chocolate chocolate spreading to Europe how chocolate may be good for you the most "chocoholic" country in the world d In pairs. wh y not? 2 If you do. In 1765. Can you add an ything to improve you r partner's notes'! c In groups. and child eats a staggering nine kilos of chocolate a year! In fact. chocolate is the number one comfort food and there are more "chocoholics" in Britain than anywhere else in the world. One of the biggest chocolate-eating nations is Britain where the average man. • healthy heaM + gd circularn OY'fJ"ns of choc. 4 By the middle of the century. 1 Do you eat chocolate? If not. it should be eaten in small quantities . S Since then . Then read 'Paragraph I the article and check your answers. incredible chocoholic someone who is addicted to chocolate Unit5 Eureka! . (Remember to use abbreviati ons. In 1876. according to American researchers at the University of California. chocolate was becoming fashionable with the middle-classes.has fta'VGnoids. and the Mayas were drinking unsweetened cocoa hundreds of years before it became fashionable in Europe. leave out articles. Chocolate contains substances called flavonoids that can help maintain a healthy heart and good circulation. in about 1500 Be. not only as a drink but also as a medicine. mill in US U K. otmecs grow cocoa ma!fas drink cocoa 1511 choc went -7 Spain + Pori sotui choc famd.and with no added milk. Then complete these notes wit h those details.) 1 Reading skills a In groups. The Spanish were the first to add sugar to their cocoa drink. a Swedish scientist renamed cocoa theobroma or "food for the gods" .

Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Have students discuss the pre-reading questions in Exercise In in small groups.and irs what I wanted to come bock to.. is meatloof. feel happy. Irs comforting. . Underline (or write in a list on the boordl: good for you.. you know . Ask students to read the article to check their predictions.. asking students which words they would underline... Have them write their notes on a separate piece of paper. Congratulations! Matt Thank you. 4..really hot. Matt I suppose it depends on each person. potatoes. tasty dishes. and we encourage people to eotless fat today.-..s. after a long day at school or who! Mom served when we were siCk. then elicit answers. starting next week. something hot and very filling.-. Then ask students how they would complete the note for paragraph 1. that something chocolatey comes in first? Why is that? Matt Well. and salt in foods? trs not surprising that you see 011 these fat kids .the food we eat when we're upset or depressed.----. creamy . You see. tends to be meat. you know. ask them to exchange their notes with a partner and make additions. or want to f~ kind of taken care 01.. release endorphins.but of course people used to have a much more active lifestyle and could burn off all those calories. When we get older..irs scary. reduce pain and stress. chocolate is a great comfort food ~ sweet sticky. comfort foods tend to be ones we associate with Mom and Grandma.. yeah. Host . Then ask them to do the some for paragraphs 3.. with meat and really fatty. Thanks very much for . Then ask students to underline key phrases in paragraph :2. and 5... and fewer carbohydrates. and so many of them are really ovel"VoJeight . Anyway . sugar. Why doesn't the government do something to stop kids eoting so much fost food and soft drinks packed with sugar? Why are soft drinks and snack machines allowed in schools? Why doesn't the government pressure the food industry into cutting down on the dongerousry high levels of fat. Ask students to read the article again and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise 1b. good circulation.-. Host But I must soy. A good way of handling Ihis activity is 10 go through the first paragraph as a class first. Write healthy heart + gd circularn on the boord.. and check with a parlner. and another is a thick meat stew . For Exercise 3 on page 51 !II Host Well.. Comfort foods do taste good too bad they usually have a high fat content Host 50 they're comforting. complete the note for :2. acts like aspirin. Well.good heartening meols with lots of calories . chunky.. Point out the abbreviation.and that we get more heart diseose and other problems related to dietl II makes me mod.-. notetaking is a challenging skill to acquire.comfort food . I'm honored. I've always thought of comfort food as salty. good wholesome food. healthy heart.. Moll. even if Mom and Grandma never cooked anything that didn't come out of a con i Matt I'll come back to thaI. too Host I see. - Eureka! T 50 Unit 5 . healthy diet.and adults .. isn't it. Presentation alternative 21i'-. but I bet there's not as much fat in a good stew or meat pie as in some stuff people eat today. Put students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l e. our ideas of what's healthy have changed.Objectives Vocabulary describing foad Topic: food Reading a magazine article Ustening interview with a TV chef Speaking discussing foods and diets Write on the board: chocolale cocoa milk sugar bitler drink solid xocolotl chocoholic Ask students whot the words hove in common.. you know? Host Whoa! I think we get the picture. Matt ThaI's so right . Matt your baked chocolate cheesecake has just come in at the top of our vie'vVel"S' "best comfort food" poll. like burgers and those with high sugar and salt content. we like flavors fram the past. Host Irs a bit of a cliche. I'm sure that you'll be showing us the way with your new TIl series. gravy. Answers will vary. everyone.s. things with lots of butter...-. but not very healthy? Matt They used to be thought of as healthy .. what will comfort food of the future be? Candy bors and bags of chips? You know. When you see families eating so much garbage today.. After students have done Exercise le. comfort foods are what we ate at Grandma's house. We have to teoch them to cut down on fat-filled processed foods.. Encourage lots of speculation. you look at kids today. we all have our own favorite comfort foods . For mony students. here in the U. One of the top comfort foods in the u. flavanoids. Plus.. um .

play the audio aga in. or it cou ld just be our favori te food. legumes Protein : butter. fish. 0011'1 snuck belw(J(Jn meals. find out whether the class generally thinks we should improve the healthiness of our d iet or whether they think it's okay. Ask students to complete the blanks in Exercise 3d and the n check with a partner. Thon put student s in small groups to toll ono another their opinions. Ask studonts to listen lind check their predictions. 4 Speaking skill s Ask st udents to read the opinions in Exercise 4a and decide which ones th ey agree with <1l1t1 why. Find out which foods they th ink am the most healthy and which are the least healthy. chicken. yogurt. potatoes. If students aro not sure about the answers. Then ask them to tell their partner aboullheir typical diet in Exercise 2e. chocolale. etc. Ask students in pairs to discuss tho words in Exercise 3b and together predict which ones they will hellr in an intervi ew about "com fort'· food. bu ild up a list of ways of improv ing our diet: Suggested ways of improving ou r diet Cu i down 011 fasl food.it cou ld be food like chocolate and candy. bored.•• 1i ffi 2 Vocabulary: describing food Ask students to work in pairs to match foods and nutrients in Exercise 2a . pasta. sick. t ·· ~ 3 Listening skill s Ask students about "comfort" food : IV/wi is it? Elicit examples of types of "comfort" food: chips. yogurt In Exerdse 2b. st ressed. green vegetables. milk. Unit 5 T 51 Eureka! . jam Vitamins and minerals: fruit. eggs. milk. or food Crom our childhood. cake. We cat "comfort" food when we are depressed. cal more frui l and vegetables. Eot a I'aried diel . ask students to work in pairs 10 describe foods. upset. legumes. Play the audio fo r Exercise 3c. rice Fats: buller. Don'l add a /01 of sugar or salt 10 food. very tasty food. cookies. As groups report their answers. etc. Suggested answers: "Comfort" food is food that makos us foel good . Suggested answers: Carbohydrates: hread. using words in the Useful Language and the Language Note boxes. elici t ans wers from students. oil Fiber: green vegetables. On the board. The audiascripl for Tra ck 21 is on page TSO II. Afterwards. End this part or the lesson by having two pairs of studen ts combine to form a group of four and discuss the queslions in Exercise 2d . red meat Sugar: honey.

! . \Vhat we think of as comfort food depends on each 1 person/individual. 2 We do not have an active lifestyle today. d In groups . . 5 The food industry shou ld cut down 011 fat flnd Sfllt in food. which results in a population that is 7 oVt:rweight and suffers from problems such as 8 heart disease . 1 What balance of foods makes healthy diet? 2 Is obesity a problem in your count ry? Why / Why not? Is it worse thiHl twenty years flgo? 3 Is obesity in children a problem? b Can you think of olher ways of improving people's dieU . it is alwa ys positive: Liver is rich in iron. rich in vitamins / protein / iro n . These can be positive or negative: Eat your vegetable. 1011' in :>(/It I sllgor . Check the ones you think you will hear in the interview. ' Most chips are high in fat alld salt. Which types 01' food in the box be low do you assodflte with them? Food nutrients: cflrhohydffltes fats fiber protein Sllgflf vitamins and minefflls bread butter chicken eggs fish fruit green vegetables (e. cnrbohydra te V fat content V fruit and vegetables fiber grandma V healthy V low in calories mefltloaf v overweight V potatoes V sour sweet V Listen to the interview and check your answers.ifltc with ollr mom and 4 . lentils) red mea t rice yogu rt b Look at the foods in the picture and describe two of them. Listen again and complete this summary of the interview..I LANGUAGE NOTE We say a foo d is high / /011' in or full of something. Look <. cabbage. Do you agree with him? Why? I WilY not'l 1 We associate comfort foods w ith all!' childhood.It this list of nutrients ill food.~ tarchy X i:> f IlII of f at / sail / S Ug (lf / fi ber . USEFUL lANGUAGE 4 Speaking skills . We usually eflt comfort foods when we fcol 3 upset/depressed .ltoes legumes (e. They're full of vitalllins.g. 3 People often eat garbage todny. . high in millcm/s / c(lrbuh yd m tes . but it tends to be 2 hot and fi lling. there is a lot more fat and 6 sugar / sail in much uf the processed food we eat toda y. \'Vrite olle wurd or phrase ill each bhulk.~ olty / sllgmy / creamy / healthy / unhealthy / . and the y are often dishes we assor. They usually have a high 5 fat content and may be thought of today flS unhealthy. c Do yotl have a hea lthy diet? Make a note of what YOIl eat on a typical day and discuss it ill p<lirs. What kind of food do you think this is? When do you think we eat it? b Look at the words and phrases in the bux. fatty / oily I . If we say a food is rich ill somothing. l lowever.g. using the Useful Language below.3 Listen ing skills a You are guing tu listen to an interview with a TV chefflbout "comfort food"..1 The chef ill the interview has the following opinions. spinach) honey jam milk oats oil pasta pot<. beans. 4 The government should do someth ing to stup children from eating junk food.grandma . 2 Vocabulary: describing food a Chocolate tastes so good because of its combination of sugar and fat. discuss these questions.

and the Italians claim he was from Italy. There is. QUI~IIY at the age of 55 in Valladolid. "I settlers rebelled against him.I) those questions. thiS time.. 1 Columbus set out to prove that the earth was round. 4 There is no doubt that Columbus was of Italian descent. st The discovery of the New them by sailing west rather th~n ea . 2 Columbus began his journey in order to win glory and riches.g there had been a mistake. the disagreement about his Some people say he was a converted Jew. however..y for a new route to the Sr'''e was that Columbus was I~ In~nd he believed he could rt.. in chains. Spain .01d baCk. Columbus was not a well man and he diF' . for example.-.'as with any historical icon. Can you answer any ofthe othersY If not. taking Europeans across to colonize the new lands. GLOSSARY serendillity when something valuable is disco\'ered by luck quest a search for something Everyone knows the name of Christopher Columbus.00 ml e . He made two further voyages before the er of the century. l ID 2m 3 !!!l 4m 5 1!:) became a sailor at an early age and had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made famous voyage in 1492. decide if these common beliefs about him <lrc true or false.... on May 20 1 In hiS ~wn apartment attended by family and friends. he ha -~ edly discover 0 . We do know that he sailed in part to fulfill a religious quest: he saw his journey~ a fulfillment of a divine plan for his life.~ea~~:~n ~~e East Indies. In 1". 5 He when he unexpect d had sailed for 3. fore a claSSIC case d n World was there .l Islands (now part of IndoneSia). Contrary to popular belief. 3 Tht! crew of the three sh ips on the voyage of discovery was made up mainly of criminals. and he was unable to send a of 9. 2 Rea d ing skills a Read the paragraphs about Columbus quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1.its circumference. What was in question. in a Spanish prison.as not a happy one for Columbus. of ~serendipity". He was a I I nch man at the time of his death. 1500. with a crew made up mainly of experienced sailor" from the area. was the size of the earth . On his third voyage in 1498. . some evidence that he was born in 145 Genoa.. Columb'os didn't sail to the Americas in order to find out whether the Earth was round: at the end of the 15th century almost everyc knew it was a sphere. there are as many myths as truths about the man.Serendipity - 1 Speaking skills How much do you know about Christopher Columbus? In groups. in fact. Take. Unit 5 E ureka! . so he was arrested and re turned to Spain ' . - h~~. "'-" i third voyage w. Then decide on the correct order of the paragraphs... ed the Americas. other commo~. which is now part of I art Columbus left on the voyage of discovery from the south of Spain. the King and Queen soon I i saYln. he also took women 10 the New World. The Spanish say he was from Spain. 5 Columbus died in poverty. ch~lns.. V' 1 Where was Columbus born and misedY 2 When did he leave his native country'! ict V 3 What were the reasons for the "voyage 4 5 V6 7 8 of discovery" in 1492? Who sponsored ColumbllS on his voyage of 1492Y Where exactly did he land at the end of the voyage? What were the reasons for the second and third voyages? What was the percentage of women traveling to the New World in 1498? What was the reason for his death in 1506Y c In pairs. and Columbus was By. 6 No women traveled to the New World with Columbus. and. Columbus: I known reason for this Voy~ge Of course . b Which of these questions does the article answer? Check (.. traveling . However. ask and answer the questions you checked in Exercise 2b. try to find out the answers.'2 .

Objectives Grammar Topic: the story of Christopher Columbus Reading a biographical article Writing a short story Speaking discussing myths about Columbus past perfect simple and prog ressive Write serendipi/y on the board and explain thol it means when something valuable is discovered by luck. At the end of the first voyage.he. Columbus was sponsored by Ferdinand V and Isabella of Spain. To take Europeans to colonize the new lands. Answers: They are all false . LeI students check in pairs before sharing their answers with the class. he landed in what is now the Bahamas before soiling on to whal ore now Cuba and Haiti . and then ask students to match each word in A with its synonym in B. There ore many words in the text connected with travel. remind them to refer to the Glossary. grew up. This task can be very time-consuming unless students know how to approach it Plan to spend a little time preparing students for the task. find Oul whether they know any other facts aboul Columbus. Afterwards. Presentation alternative - Ask students what clues they might find in a biography that will help them put paragraphs in order: order of dotes: order of life events . Ask students what grammatical clues might help order paragraphs in a story: use of the post perfect: use of before and affer: use of shortened forms and pronouns . there is between the words they have matched. disc uss with the whole class whether the ··beliefs·· in exercise 1 are true ur false. t . Ask students to put a checkmark next to the questions in Exercise zb that the article answers. A good way to start the task is to ask studenls 10 read the first line of each paragraph very quickly ond tell you which paragroph has to be the first. etc. Answers: In the text: He was born in Genoa. Then pili students ill pairs 10 ask and answer the questions. Ask students Whol is the {uckiesllhing fhol has ever happened to yoU? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Pu t students into groups of four 10 discuss the "common beliefs" in Exercise 1.was born. if any. reveal any truths at this stage. Ask students to lell you what difference.Columbus . died.Christopher Columbus . Student answers will vary. When sludents report back to the class. To find the size of the Earth and to fu lfill a religious quest.. Write the words from the text below in two lists on the boord. but don'. A reach joumey find set sail go back B discover leave voyage return arrive lin/atl Culture note Additional activity Inote: a voyage is a journey by seal Eureka! T 52 Unit 5 . As students work on Exercise 2a . Briefly discuss students' answers with the class. 2 Readi ng skills Set II time limit of five minutes and tell students thaI they have to read very quickly in order to put the paragraphs in order.

They ore often used in narrafives and often used with connectors like ofter or before. had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made his famous voyage in 1492 A .000 miles. You could let students compare their notes with those of a partner before they write their stories. there had been a mistake The clause with the simple past happens first in time. Let students check their answers in pairs before you ask individuals to come to the board and write their sentences. Go around the class and help. Go around the class helping students with ideas and vocabulary. 4d Columbus was anxious to travel because he had been reading about Marco Polo. using a connector. Common problems and errors The form of the post perled progressive is long and complex. Give students a few minutes to think of a "serendipity" story of their own. Ask one person from each group to read their best story aloud.. Ask student readers to ask their partners at least two questions about their story. ask students to write the sentences on the board and underline the past perfect forms.. Additional activity Put students into groups of four. he had been sailing for three weeks and had sailed for 3. and then ask them to use the questions in Exer cise 4c to help them make notes. and then ask students to make sentences. C ... 3c Columbus was delighted when Isabel agreed to help because he had been looking for support for his journey. Go through the example carefully in Exercise 3d . Answers: 2e Cohunbus was impatient to set off because he'd been thinking about this voyage for years. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their note books and then work in pairs to complete it. Presentation alternative Introduce the shon story in exercise 4b and pre-teach vocabulary by writing the following phrases on the board and checking their meaning: off-duty (firefighter) = not working grab (0 fire extinguisher) = toke hold of suddenly a burning smell smoke put out a fire". They have to use a connecting word in the sentence. Afterwards. sb Columbus felt depressed because tbe Portuguese king bad refused to help him. Ask s1uden ts in pairs to choose the correct answer in Exercise 3b. Answers: 8 Columbus . Students should pass on their pieces of paper so thaI each story goes around their group twiceresutting in four eight-line slories per group. Then ask. He thought he had arrived in the East Indies. Uni15 T 53 Eureka! . Then ask students to read the story and fill in the blanks with words from exercise 4a. Point out another use of the past perfect in the Language Note. Ask each student to write the first line of a story at the top of a piece of paper. The next student has to vvrite the next sentence. Students will make a variety of errors and will need plenty of practice.. students to pass their piece of paper to the next student in a clockwise direction. have students work in pairs to find past perfect sentences in the article.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive In Exercise 3a . then pass the piece of paper. Ask students to write the story and then exclHlIlge it with a partner.. extinguish Ask students what they think the short story in Exercise 4b might be about. Quick grammar guide The pas! perlecl simple and progressive ore used to refer back to something that happened earlier.

using connecting words and land? 2 Why was Columbus impatient to set off? 3 Why was Columbus delighted when Isabel agreed to help? 4 Why was Columbus anxious to travel? • • • • 5 Why did Columbus feel depressed? a He thought he had discovered the East Indies.. laler. he had been traveling for three weeks. also. and . loo but. 1a cdw"rnj. Look at the underlined phrases in the story above an d try to use similar phrases in your story. I had been driving for about 20 minntes 3 when I no ticed a strange burning smell. in the end. The manager let me use the phone to call a garage. ® before the time referred to in the simple past. 6 While ! wus talking. Usc the questions below to make notes about the story. 1 at the same time as the events in the simple past. 1 Why was Columbus hap py when he reached I'll never forget the day I met the love of my life. was on my way home from work one evening 1 six years ago . a woman ran in. luckily. and ran into a compute r store. Find aile sentence in the article that means the same. 7 fo rtunalely . .es. Read you r partner's story and ask questions to fin d out more information . as soon as. grabbed a fi re extinguisher. You are going to read another short story about serendipity.. she had been passing the store at thai time! 'TWo years 8 laler .000 miles ----. 3 Give it to anot her student to read.g. suddenly And-type links I __ sailed for 3. ju mped out of the car. d Make sentences by joining the questions and answers below with because. E ureka! Unit 5 . change one evening to one morning. and. 3 after the event in the simple past. Which part of the sentence happens first (in lime) . The woman explained Illat she was an off-du ty fire~figh ter. and then write your own story. We form the past perfect progressive with had + past part iciple + -ing verb. PAST 1492 + But-type links NOW Cause and resuillinks Feelings and attitude Columbus had sailed for 3. II was raining 2 ~ the streets were deserted. phrases where you can . or It was raining to The sun \Vas shining. First.In. .000 miles when he discovered the Americas. 1 Write the story.. put these connecting words and phrases in the table. e Look at the sentence and complete the rule for the past perfect p rogressive. When he unex pectedly discovered the Americas. because unfortunately..us "W!lS fuzpP1J 1+"h.. smoke started pouring out of the hood. Columbus made journeys as far as Iceland and Guillea. 4 Suddenly . when. when/where d id the event take place? what were you doing at the time? what had you been doing before the event? what was the unexpected thing that happened? • what was the result of Ihis unexpected event? d Use your notes to write the story (approximately 120 words) of "a case of serendipity" . Theil he made his famous voyage in 1492. Time links six years ago. we got married! c Think of a case of serendipity in your li fe or in the life of someone you know.. also although as soon as because eventually fortunately in addition in the end luckily suddenly later too when while Find other sentences in the article using the pasl perfect.2 Read yo ur story and correct/edit it if necessary..3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive a Look at these two sentences. 5 ~ I pulled off the road. nor. Wh y did the King Gnd Queen apologize to Columbus? Because there hod been a mistake. unless. 4 Wri ti ng skills a Columbus' discovery of tile Americas is one of the most famous examples of serendipity. e He'd been thinking about this voyage for years.en k yeacfwd !and kcause he tlwughl he Iuui drtoYerrd the [ad. while either . and put out the fire. the clause with the simple past or the one with the past perfect? b Look at the diagram and choose the correct answer. b The Portuguese King had refused to help him.dJ. The past perfect tells us that something happened . in addition. e. d He had been reading about Marco Polo. neith er . fortunately. or. e He had been looking for support for his journey. LANGUAGE NOTE The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: b Read the short story and fill in the blanks with words or phrases from Exercise 4a. eventually after that. although so.

It allows you to send e·mails. With TiVo you can pause the action on TV. ThiS is the ideal gadget if you su ffer from Repetitive Action Syndrome. and that will eXIst In th o fut ure. Which of the gadgets . Unit5 E ureka! . tlw invention of plastic b Think of poss ible inventions that don't. c Read the descriptions below of four gadgets. 1 What will it he used for? 2 Who might use it? 3 Where will it be used? (at home I in the office . and plays your favorite CDs... It can store up to 3. you just think of the command that you want to give to the computer. or see aU the action as it happens in slow motion. If we had a gadget for ironing automatically. and for people who are physically disadvantaged. TiVo TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to interact with Jive TV. book travel tickets. and much . and has Internet access. Thought-control computer How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts and acts upon them? You won't need a mouse or a keyboard.000 pages of text. ye! but that you think we need.. J 4 Wi ll it be useful to a lot of people? 5 will it be attractive and stylish as well as useful? 6 will it he expensive? 7 Will it be easy to use" 8 will it sell in other countries? have changed our lifestyle in important ways. It looks like a high lighter pen. and l iVo keeps recording ahead so you won't miss a thing. this new mu lti·pu rpose phone will keep you happy. replay ii. Discuss these questi ons. a video camera.1 Warm up a In groups. do online banking. When you go back to normal viewing.. and is basically a small portable scanner that can read and memorize a text line. ex ist. 1 already exist? 2 do you think are going to exist in the future? 3 will never exist? d Which of these gadgets would you like to have'! Why'! I Why not? 3 Prepare Write a description of your gadget (about 60 words). the TV wil! continue from the point where you left off. Give your reasons. life would be much easier for people.by-line and then transfer it directly to your PC. MultiPhone If you're looking for a cetlphone that lets you see the person who you 're talking to. and the cursor wilt move where you want it to. invent a gadget that you think is go~ng to be useful to you or other members of your socmty. much more! Handy scanner The C·Pen pocket scanner means you will never have to search the streets for a photocopy store again. Usc the texts below to help you. think of inventions or discoveries that 2 Task In grou ps.

In Exercise lb . Answers will vary. first and second conditionals specialist magazine ads Ustening a description of a gadget Speaking inventing and presenting new gadgets 1 Warm up In Exerc ise la . Presentation alternative 3 Prepare Using the ideas from exercise 2. 2 Task Divide students into groups of four to six to invent their gadget. One person draws 0 picture of the gadget. Eureka! T 54 Unit 5 . Assign students roles in their group. Let them discuss their answers in their groups before describing them to the whole class. Example: one person acts as a facilitator. have students in groups make a list of inventions or discoveries. then elicit a class list and write it on the board . making sure everyone speaks. In Exercise I e . have students work in groups again to think of possible inventions. Ask them 10 discuss their answers to the questions. Encourage all possibilities. One person writes notes. ask students to feod the descriptions and answer the questions. ask students to write a short description of their gadget (60 words).Objectives Grammar Topic: inventing gadgets Reading defining relative clauses.

6 Notice Read through the rules about relative clauses and go ovor tho oxamples as a class. For example: cellphone camera MPJ player Discmon TV remote control Each group has to describe words to the person who can't see them.. basically a small portable scanner that can road.. and a small earpiece. . It consists of a little box that contains a microphone and amplifier.4 Feedback Ask for a few volunteers to tell the class about their gadgets. uh . Put students in pairs 10 lind and underline examples in the lexts in Exercise 6a.. Answers: TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to . Ask. fo r people who are physically disadvantaged After students have completed Exercise 6b. A Okay. or even on your belt at the gym. ready 10 answer questions. Write a lisl of everyday objects on the boord. Answers: CyberBug is a device thai allows you to listen in on poop Ie's conversations .. One person from each group has 10 lurn around so that he/she con'l see the board...colored plastic . Unit 5 T 55 Eureka! .. CyberBug is a device that allows you to listen in on people's conversations.'----------------------------------.. When the student has guessed the word. How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts . Ask students to listen for answers to the questions and then d iscuss them in small groups or as a whole class. read the descriptions of the gadgets on the wall. and ask questions. Additional activity Collecllhe wriHen descriptions and posllhem on the walls of the classroom. one person from each group 10 stand next 10 the description.. Irs very small and irs mode of skin.. . Then have a class vote. Ask the rest of the closs 10 walk. let them check their answers in pairs. in your in-troy at work. 8 Excuse me? A Yes.... ff you're looking for a cell phone that lets you .. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to think of an everyday objcct and how to describe it. Which group can guess alilhe words first? ~~. Divide the closs fnta Group A and Group B. 8 Is the eorpiece obvious? A Not at all... and you can hear people who are talking up to 50 meters owoy. our gadget is called CyberBug. t .. around. '1J Iii' •• 5 Compare Play the aud io for Exercise 5. You can put the box in your bog or briefcase. he/she can move on to Ihe next word. Ask students to work with a new partner to describe their ohjects.

according to the criteria in questions 4-8 of Exercise 2. To do this we use clauses beginning with th at. 7 Follow up Choose an everyday object. . The switch immobilizes your car.s on. The people are drunk and shouldn·t be in their cars. Answer !J18 questions. a Read the descriptions in Exercise 1 again and underline examples of relative clauses. b Vote on the best invention in the class.. Make notes about it and describe it to your partner.. 2 The sensor identifies people. 1 The Alcohol Sensor is a small gadget. The poUce can then arrest people who are drunk and shouldn't be in their cars.fuf. 6 It also contains a switch. The police can pick up the signal. 4 The sensor is attached to a computer. II is a precaution that police can use to slop drink driving. you can hoor people who are talking up to 50 meters oway. and ask questions about them if you want. If the information is essential to the meaning of the senlence. Take notes on the other groups' inventions. The sensor identifies people who have had too much to drink. 5 Compare ~ Listen 10 someone describing a new invention. 7 The police can then arrest people. Don't name the object! Can your partner guess what it is? E ureka! Unit S . which. It consists of a little box thai con/oins a microphone . 3 It is a precaution . it sends out a signal. we do not use commas: CyberBug is a device that allows YOIl to listen in on people's conversations. 1 What is it and what does it do? 2 Would you like to have one? 3 When would you use it if you had it? 6 Notice 'Using relative clauses in descriptions When we describe ob jects (or people) we often add information that gives important details or differentiates the object (or person) from others.. The people have had too much to drink.4 Feedback a Describe your invention to the class.d 5e"-'" ~ a 9mOfl gadfJd !:Iuzf. Do they describe things or people? What information do they give us? b Combine the sentences in each pair with a relative pronoun.. It fits in your car. II also contains a switch that immobilizes your car. This measures your reaction times. yJUY caY. Police can use it to stop drunk driving. or who. 7k . [f your reaction times are slow. fd. it sends out a signal that the police can pick up. The sensor is attached to a computer that measures your reaction limes. 5 If your reaction times are slow.

) We were really /ate and when we anived at the party. vitamins. creamy.) He wreck~d the car 1 >t. or stopped just before the past time we are talKing about: sugary. ) Mike hu d a stom ach ach e because h e h ad eaten too much . Think of explanations for the following problems. We can put the clauses in either order: Penny wouldn't have met Jeff if she hadn't gone to the party. ~'Cau se she h 011 heen crying. Vocabulary Summary Home Office water cooler photocopier fax machine Both answering machine filing cabinet washing machine dishwasher arrnchaK food proce=..- 1 If I hadn't studied .. heart problem Will had been experiencing pain for several weeks before his was diagnosed. The past perfect progressive is used for ongoing actions or situations 'Nhich continued until. fats. i. 3 If I had won . 1 high in salt 4 oity but healthy 2 sour to the taste 5 rich in vitamins 3 very unhealthy 6 starchy We had been living in Chile for several months before we really feJt at home there. answer i n g machine 4 This is a machine that you use for a lOt of jobs when you're cooking.. then compare them with a partner. It is oftElfl used with connectors such as before. thel1 our friends left. our friends had 18ft.. high in . Find two types of food In the box that are usually . I had become quite profICient in Spanish befrxe I visited Latin Amerk:a....) Isabel left ' oh n because sh e h ad fa llen in love with someone else. it Fonn past perfect si~: subtect + had + past participle I had already seen the movie. so I didn't want to last night. cutlins honrd 2 Past pertect simple and progressive Use To show sequence in the past. ) They missed t he pl ane hecause they had arrived too late. he wouldn't have failed his 6 Why did he wreck the car? (drink . ) The streets were wet because it had been raining I it had ra ined . using the clues given or your own ideas. starchy Expressions: full of ' .. bitler. . ) Her eyes were red would / wouldn't + have + past participle past perfect. arx::I minerels Adjectives describing food: sweet.. unhealthy. then we arrived. when... our friends left. filing cabinet 2 Describing food Nutrients: carbohydrates... happen.. If Ross had studied harder. protein.. healthy. sour. after. Why did they award her the Nobel Prize? Because she had fought for peace aU her life. wouJdn '/ have fJflded in the '990s.) The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: 5 This is very useful for people v. If Penny hadn't gone to the party. (The Russians didn't use nuclear weapons in the Cold War. 8/ot of peopJe would have died from bacterial infection. 3 Why did they miss the plane? (arrive late . .'ho are not at home or in the offIce. (Our friends left.. dishtowel cutting board 1 Everyday objects Read these descriptions of gadgets and decide which object from the box they describe. 4 If I had been born in . (Fleming did discover penicillin. UnitS Eureka! .) We can also imagine consequences of something that did not 1 INhy did Isabel leave John? (fall Il love . Compktte the third conditional sentences. oiy. 1 This is something that I use 'Nhen I want to cut up vegetables.hole punch er 3 This machine takes telephone messages for people v. she wouldn't have met Jeff. exams. Then underline the relative clause in each one. sally.'Cause he had ~'Cn drinking.. when we imagine consequences of actions that in reality didn't happen: If the Russians had used nuclear weap::l(lS in the Cold War.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Sum mary 1 Third conditional Use To talk about actions or Situations in the past that are contrary to knoINn facts.'ho find it difficult to wake up in the morning! al arm clock 6 This is a type 01 cabinelthat we use lor storing files arx::I papers. sugar.. low in . Fonn If + 5 Why were her eyes red? (cry .. food p rocessor Note the difference between the simple past arx::I the past perfect: I cutting hoard We were really late and when we 8IriIIed at the party. fatly. fiber... She got her degree after she had completed all the courses successfully... see it again past perfect progressive: subject + had + been + -ing verb Susan had been waiting frx an hour before Tom anNed.. when in reality it did: If Fleming hadn't discovered peniciUin. 4 Why were the streets wet? (rain . rNe arrived.) 2 Why did Mike have a stomachache? (eat a lot .. ironing board oIarrn clock paperclip hole punche< correction fluid sticky notes mou"" pad 2 If ' hadn't met .. 2 It's a device that makes holes in sheets of paper.. rich in . We put a comma after the if clause if it comes at the beginning of the sentence.e. for an action that happeoed before another..

ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: making opportunities to speak English Talk to your partner about how you could speak more English. Check that your partner understands. 1 Talk about your fam ily. Then I have to st op and that really frustrat es 20 I' m tal king and everything's okay. 9 Speak English to native or non-native speakers on the phone. 6 Talk to American friends in English. b In pairs. . please? 1 Could you speak a little more slowty I I'm sorry.. 2 From now on. Then complete this action plan .. 4 Talk to classmates in English outside of the classroom. but talk quickly..0 Sometimes I feel pressured when I have to say something . This is normal when you learn any foreign language. Then the other person says somet hing and I'm suddenly lost because I don't understand them. . • You also want to know if it's okay to say "to move on a diet" in English. b In groups. 3 What do you call that thing for opening Is there a word or expression for when you can't think because your mind is frozen? Can you say "my mind went blank" in English? 4 Uh.z z o C) ~ Speaking 1 Maximizing opportunities to speak English a The best way to improve your speaking is to speak! Check hOw well you are doing by complet ing this ij<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan: Discursive essays In pairs. talk about your action plan from page 47. see how much you can remember about discursive essays arKllheri compare your ideas with page 47. 3 Practicing the strategies ~ a Usten and repeat the phrases from Exercise 2c. take turns talking about these situations.. 2 Talk about your studiesljob. look at the problems these students of English have and check the ones you have experienced. I usually panic . S Talk to friends in English..U o 0. Note: you will have to report back on your action plan at the end of Unit 6. 2 Strategies for getting around problems when speaking a However much you practice speaking English. ® say that again. let me think . Have imaginary conversations in English. ... sometimes = 2. 2 Speak English in groups during class. Look at these groups of phrases and match them with the situations in Exercise 2a. 10 Use a dictionalY to help with pronunciation and stress. Well... I am going to speak more English in class by . me. show it to your partner. 4 Talk for one minute non-stop about what attracts you to other people. for example at an English language club. what I want to say is I want to leave my job. "- 10 I'm speaking and suddenly I need a word or ph rase but I don't know it in English. I . I am going to speak more English outside of class by .. And the pressure makes my m ind go blank. If not. 11 Record yourself doing a role play or 12 reading aloud.U > L. I want to leave the job. 3 Ask your partner to help you: • You don't know the word for people who are addicted to chocolate. 3 Speak English to your teacher in class. I want to leave @ myjob. How often do you do the following? >- o --l L. there 'Nill always be moments INhen you get stuck. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 mreo sometimes often 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O· 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 c A gcxx:l way to manage these problems is to learn some phrases to use when these situations occur. ~ . $coring Add up the fX>ints you received for each question: never = 0.. discuss what you do in these situations. I need t ime to think exactly how I'm going to say it. often = 3 b Add up your score and check the key on page 149.0 If I notice that the other person doesn't understand me. Um . That ma kes me feel very insecure.. Practice the strategies. - 8 Speak English to native speakers. 1 Speak English in pairs during class. Eureka l Unit5 . how can I put it? I want to leave my job. Did you write a discursive essay? If so. you mean that you want to leave the jOb? 7 Speak English to other non-native speakers. rarely = 1 . ::J questionnaire . I didn't understand the part when you said you wanted to leave the job. ex Speak up! Are you missing those valuable chances to practice your speaking? Take this little test and find out by checking the boxes on the right. So. 1 From now on.. 0 0 0 0 ill bottles of wine? 2 Is that clear? Do you understand me? @) What I mean is.

You could have left it in the car. . thoy .:~v ~een AlLert. or . B No.JlliI>-.000 plays. A No. J cill1 'l have left it there.m. yes. I have h.. for certainty that something is nol true.am + past participle Use: for certainly that something is true. I didn·t take it out with me.1 Speaking ski lls a Take the quiz below. . That's 1 What do William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes have in common? a) They were born on the ndlct~ possibl ~ same day. Guess the answers if you don't know them . ~ no idea.1 or CQuldn'l . my glasses) and change the places suggested flbove.ld. words.m. 2 How big was Shakespeare's vocabulary? a} 3. 5 But they cou l( have orne from Ecuador. we use . J must have done that.co. you mighl have put it in the dmwer.. words ."..u. Unil6 WOfds.g. @ Ecuador c) the United States 5 What are the Canary Islands named after? a) a type of bird @ a type of dog c) the daughter of a queen 6 What was the first name of King George VI of England? a) George b) Philip @JAlbert b In pairs. 1 Shakespeare wrote lots of plays. Form : modal vern + .'Cn my wallet? I can't find it anywhere.vnyrdn'l h~ written 2. my cell phone. or Philip.ust. A Oh.:cJjn't JuiVl!.h. keys. This time change IV(Jl/fJ/ (e... A No. Listen to tl~loglle. and for possihility . Circ:le the contractions YOll hear in Exercise 2a...IdI.000 words 3 Approximately how many plays did lope de Vega write? a) 20 Tho spoaker is 100% suro thi s is not true The speaker is f 1 3 4 5 6 2 100% sure this is true c Now complete these rules about ded uction and possibility in the past.. Do you agree? ~ c Listen to some peop le discussing the q uestions and check your answers. H Ah! Then yOlL must hilve left it in the bed room when you c1wnged earlier.-~:::-. Complete them with modal verbs. A Have you s(. discuss your answers. I'll check.written the same number.ighL. c Cover the dialogue and practice it again. e} They wrote the same number of plays . it isn't there. so theyG n'U ~wrillen the same number. 2 So Shnkospellrc€ 91ad a vocabulary of 37. ..000 4 In which country were Panama hats first made? a) Panama 3 Pronunciation: co ntractions Listen to the sen tences from Exercise 2a again. then practice it with II partner.000 words! 3 ~11~ h. That's (j J supposo Or it ~~. 2 Grammar: deduction and possibility in the past Listen to some sentences fro m the discussion. b) 200 (3)2.700 words 4 he j 'hl hav Titten 200 plflYs.000 words c) 370. the remote control. @»They died on the same day. I already looked. L How certAin arc the speakers in each of the sentences above? Put the number of the sen tence in tho correct place. ® 37.ll. B Well .

words. Well. Ask students where they think the other sentences go on the line. A Was he the crazy one? B No. I"m sure that Panama hals were first made in Panama l B Okay. how did you know thaf? C I learned rt in latin. B Yeah. and tragedies. And the answer is. Lost question. Wow. All Fine. Next question. S Okay. man. So what do you think? B I've read thaI Ihe overage adult these days has a vocabulary of between 25. B No...000. question 1. Culture note 2 Grammar: de d uction and possibility in the past Play the audio and ask students to complet e the sentences in Exercise 2a with the modal verb they hear. because people didn·t have records of births in those days. 24~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------. A You do? C Irs a type of dog.000 plays. (pauses to readl b! Correct . A So. me. b. Ask students to listen and read and underline or circle any part of the dialogue where there is a contraction. comedies. elicit answers from the Shakespeare 11564. e Well. a possibility. II comes from the Latin word for dog ~ canis . and write 100% not Sllrc to the left of it and 100% sure to the rigbt. Irs c. and novelist who wrote ploys about love and honor. and then have them circle the contractions they hear on the audio. lers soy thaI. go ahead. we did ok . words T 58 Unit 6 . too.. B I'm impressedl Okay. t agree. thaI's stupid.. so they can't have wrinen the same number. e I think irs more likely b. I don·t think so. Thars possible. lope de Vega 1l562~16351 was a Spanish poet. didn't Cervantes write mostly novels? And Shakespeare wrole lots of plays.000 and 60. Bul he couldn·t have wrinen 2. but they did hove records of the death of famous people.16161 was England's greatest ployv. 1"11 just check . King Lear. I'll take a look. I The audioscripts for Track 25 and Track 2G ore on page T59 "::. B WOWI Thars amazing I Hey. A Good thinking' So irs either a or b. 2. but Panama is 100 obvious. they couldn·t have been named after the doughter of a queen C Why nof? S How many girls have you met named Canary? e (laughs] R ight . Da you two know Lope de Vega? e I've heard of him. Shakespeare's vocabulary. calm down. dramatist.OOO! Lers look at question 3. A Is that so? e So Shakespeare must"ve hod a vocabulary of 37. his name could have been George A Or il may have been Albert or Philip. neither. notably Hamlet. I Okay. B Yes. The Canary Islands were named after dogs! B Well . but thaI's ali.and there were dogs on the islonds when they were first discovered. Albert. irs too obvious. What are the Canary Islands named after? A Let me lake a look.000 words! A Yep. Anyway. They must have been mode in Panama. / So.irs b. fltlSWers with Il partner. George Vl's first name. ighI. that was George III. best known for Don Quixote... I have no idea e Me. A Yeah.1 I Words. LeI's check. A Okay. What do you think? B Well. Ask students to listen and check their answers.37. C No. con I lake over here? A Yeah. Thors ridiculous l A I agree. The answer is c.Objectives Grammar Topic: William Shakespeare Vocabulary literature Pronunciation contractions deduction and possibility in the past: must/cou/dlmightl can" + have + past participle Ustening Speaking a literary mystery a radio interview taking and discussing a quiz Reading Write on the board : William Shakespeare Miguel de Cervantes Lope de Vega Ask students What do these people have in common? Whol do you know about them? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills When students have tAken the quiz Ilnd discussed dass to find Ollt what students guessed . Very good l Okay. Bul why are they called Panama hots Ihen? B I don't know. question 2.'righL He wrote histories. Question 4. A Yep.20 or b. we're wrong. I suppose he might have written 200 plays. so should we go for 0. Monitor students for pronunciation mistakes with contractions. Miguel de Cervantes 11547-16161 was a Spanish author and dramafist. Draw a line all the board. Darren's right. ond Romeo and Juliet. In which country were BR Panama hats first made? C Easy. ~ 3 Pronunciation: contractions Draw students' attention to the example in Exercise 3<1 . Play the audio for Exercise 1e. 200? C Well. should I look at the answer? Right . No. But Ihey could hove come from Ecuador. Ecuador e WeH. B Okay. And the correct answer is . but George was one of his names. Ask students in pairs to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. like the one in Exer cise 2b .000 words. I know the answer. Ask students to do Exer ci se 3e in pairs..

This is very odd.4 Listening skills Divide the class into groups of four to discuss the areas in Exercise 4a . Interviewer BuT surely we have evidence that he was the writer? Price Not really. A No. so they can't have written the same number. Let th em check in pairs b efore the y [oak at th o Vocabulary Sum mary for Exercise lib. 27'------------------------------------------------------------. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 6c in pairs. Yes. you're an authority on Shakespeare. wards . Play Ihe audio agai n . 5 Reading ski lis Put sh!dents in pnirs to discuss th eir answer s to Exercises Sa and sb. Interviewer Prolessor Price. Shakespeare does not mention any books or any connections at all with his life as a writer. that they had three children. yes. they sh ould try to u se modals to specu late.. Where did that come from? Price GQad question. 8 Well. t must have done that. Give stu dents a four-minute time limit to thin k o f ideas_ Th en e l icit a class list and wrile it on the board. tnterviewer And his family? What about his porents? Price We know that his father worked with animal skins and was possibly a butcher. we do know he was an oClor. Ask stud enls 10 listen and c h eck their answers. Thars possible. Hc must have gone 1 collosc or His jather may have beell rich. pu t stu dents in pairs to list r eason s w h y Shakespeare could n ot have w ritten the plays. which was twice as large as mast cultured men 01 his time. 8 Ah! Then you must have left it in the bedroom when you changed earlier. Interviewer But do we know he was 0 writer and an aclor? Price Well. so if their son was indeed the writer William Shakespeare. you might have put il in The drower. Interviewer We know that Shakespeare hod a huge vocabulary. t didn't take it out with me. I'll check.. Then ask students to writ e a few sentences compari ng de Vere and Shakespeare and telling why de Vere is a likely wri ter. Briefl y discuss answers w ith the class. we actually know very little about his life. could this be the some man who created such wonderfully intelligent female characters os Portia. but he wasn't on educated man. The question is. 2 So Shakespeare must have had a vocabulary 01 37. he appears a little later as the au thor of highly cultured poems and plays.000 wards! 3 But he couldn't have written 2. words. il isn't there. For example. no. and VIOla? Anolher curious point is thai in his will. William Shakespeare? [)on't we know who really wrote the greatest ploys in the English language? Price Well. His porents couldn'l read or write and probably hod no books. Some people believe thal lhe lillie we do know about the man Iram Stratford suggests that he couldn't have written the marvelous plays and poems 01 the outhor "Williom Shakespeare'. All we really know is that he was born in Stratford. lhors not quite true. Rosalind. Thafs ridiculous ! 4 I suppose he might have written 200 ploys. A No. 6 Or it may have been Albert or Philip. As k students to listen . t can't have left iT there. Could this be the man wh o wrote Hamiel. B No.and thars about it. th en do Exercise 6d as a whole class. so let me begin by asking you why some people say Shakespeare didn't wrile the works of . he wrote over 37 ploys and more thon 150 poems. yel William of Stratford's two daughters could not read or write. then who did? Unit 6 T 59 Words. he couldn't have gotten his incredible learning from being at home till he was 20 years old l Yet. He was a respected man in the community. that he married Ann Hathaway. Tell stuclents thaI it doesn't matter iftht:y dOll 't kn ow any answers. I~ For Exercise 3 00 poge 58 " A Have you seen my wallet? t can't find it anywhere. We also know for a loci that William didn't go to university and he may oot even hove gone to the Iocol school. Indeed.000 words. so he con't have hod a very good edu{Qtion. and that he d ied a rich man on April the 23rd. o o ~ Play the audio for Exercise 4b. although William Shakespeare is coosidered the greatest writer in the English language. You could have left it in the em. "~ For Exercise 2 on poge 58 " 1 Shakespeare wrote lots 01 plays. 5 But they could have come from Ecuador. and we know that he was a businessman . [n Exercise 4d .md answer the questions in Exercise 4c. I have no ideo. 1614. There appears to be some controversy about Ihe great man today. The loct is. I already looked. 6 Vocabulary: literature Ask st udents to comp lete the table in EXI~rcise 6a. in Stratford. The writer William Shakespeare had a vocabulary of 37.000 plays. A Oh. the greatest play in the English language? And if he did not write the ploys and poems 01 Shakespeare. There are no direct connections between this actor and businessman and the man who is known as the greatest writer in the English language. il is a bit 01 a mystery.

William of Stratford would have been imprisoned or executed! De Vere was a respected wnter who stopped writing just when a genius called ~WiJliam Shakespeare" appeared on t he scene. but his writings are very different fro m Shakespeare's.. But if this is all true. make II list of reasons from the listening for why William Shakespeare cou ld not havo wrillellihe fnmolls plays and poems. the 17th Earl of Oxford. Edward de Vere.espcarc". Ch ristoph er Marlow e. 1 6 Vocab ul ary: literature a Complete lhe lub le with words and phrases about literature. His poems and letters use many unusual expressions that are also found in Shakespeare's works. discuss theso qt!(lslions. 5~. He was the son-inlaw of the most powerful man in the kingdom . Many people believe that whoever "Shakespeare" was. People say only de Vere could have attacked the Prime Minister and gotten away with it. e In pnirs. Thon compare wi th a partner. as some of his plays draw so much on the country. 1 Which of the kinds of writing in the lab Ie do YOll rend in English'r 2 Which do you read in your OWI1 lal1guagc? 3 Do you hnve a favorite wrilcr? 4 Who is the most fnmous writel' in your country? d Conduct a class survey nnd find out the answers to Ihose questions. but this seems un likely as he was assassinated ve ry young and couldn't have w ritten so many works.who is made fun of in Hamlet. which everybody agrees "Shakespeare" must have done. his biography fits perfectly. )1£ """'if >Ui hm< if"" 10 !dud. One offers Francis Bacon. He studied law and traveled to Italy. his fami ly his background h is education h is profession ~ b Listen to a radio interview about William Shakespeare and check your answers. S Reading ski lls a If Shakespeare d id not write the "works ofWilJiam Shakespeare".4 Listening skills a \V hal kind o f man (10 you think William Shakespeare was? In groups. then who did? Read the text helow and check IV ) the most likely candidnte.k your answers in tho Vocabulary Summary 011 page 60.000 d In pa irs. words . ddn'/ If' 10 aUcge. This romantiC character would have made the perfect Hamlet. There have been a number of theories about w ho might have w ritten the greatest w orks of literature in the Engl ish langu age . he must have been an aristocrat. Kind of writing poetry novel p lay hislory book hiogra phy drama movie screenplays newspHJler Wriler poet noveli st phlywright historian biographer d ramalist scnJen wriler journalist 2 3 4 5 o 7 H Where was he from? Strutf ord (Ens land) Who was he married to" A nn HuthUl vuy How many chi ldren did they have? 3 Whal exactly did he do fo r a living'~ oc/orlbusinessnUln What job did his father do'~ worked will! utlinlfl J skins I possibly u butch er Howald was he when ho left home'? 20 How many poems d id he wr i te'~ more thun 150 How many words did he know lind use in Engl i sh '~ 37. a high ly educated man for his ti me.the Prime Minister . discuss thuse areas. Did anything surprise you about the infomwtion? Whan ~ c Listen again and answer these questions abou t Shakespeare. words. b Ca n you guess the answer to lhe last qlleslion in the texr~ b Che(. Another t heory cites the great playwrigh t of t he time. pointing to the most popular candidate nowadays. 1 Whnt arc the three most popular forms of reading'? 2 Which kinds of writing docs nohody read'! c Wrile brief notes oflhe reasons why de Vere is considered Ihe most likely writer of the "wO!'ks of William Shak. and all his plays have mysteriously disappeared. why did he hide behind the mask of "William Shakespeare"? Words.

d ' was ten " firing squad a small group of soldiers whose job is @ My name is Eva. words . words. and grew up amidst ancient fumiture.s in Latin . but none of those thmgs m~de me melancholy. Read and malch each one with an opening extract. because I came into the world With a breath of jungle in my memory. Colonel. and human mummies. bUilt on the bank of a river of clear water thai ran a ong a bed of polished stones . on a was a village of twenty adobe O" SCS. she is calving abscess 8 painful swollen area on your skin or inside your body molar large tooth at tho back of the mouth Juvenile Hall a home for boys who got into trouble b Whi ch wortls helped you connect the sentences with the openi ng extracts? Underline them and compare with a partner. discuss these questions. h Read lhe opening extracts from four stories. Dr. Guess what kind of story or book each one opens. facing the firing squad. • USEFUL LANGUAGE Num ber one looks like it comes from a thriller. ® He had attended a surprisingly easy calving.. adventure/act ion stories amusing/funny books detective/police stories historical novels horror stories love stories non-fiction science fiction short stories thrillers 2 Readi ng ski lls a These four extracts foll ow the opening extracts in Exercise 1b. which means "l ife". - • • • • • to relax to be entertained to learn something new to be moved to escllpe from reality to" " . Words. lanced one abscess. GLOSSARY h At that ti me Mac . ® Two o 'dcr guys talked me into it. That can't be from a poem! 11 could be fro m a biography. . cd a sausfactory d aY in which d· d or gotten any worse. .extracted a molar . The first time I ran away from school . 17\ ~ ' . ® I was bom in the back room of a shadowy house.Fiction • 1 Speaki ng skills a Look at the wards in the box. according to a book of names my mother consu lted. - CD Years later.. 1 Why is Ihe opening sentence of a story very important? 2 Which extract most makes you want to read more? How docs it do this? Unit 6 to kill prisoners by shooting them mummies dead bod ies preserved and wrapped in cloth (in Ancient Egypt) melancholy fee li ng very sad and without hope cnlving when a female cow is having a baby. book. What kind of books / stories do you like to read"' Why? Choose from the reasons below. Aurcliano Buendia would remember th~t dlstan~ afternoon when his father took him to discover Ice. lannis had enJoy none of his patients had Ie c [n pairs. © @ d h 'd both been in and out They were brothers a~ t ey " of juvenL e Hall five urnes...

.. then discuss Ihe question in exercise 2b wilh a partner.. " "I came into the world" B 4: key words: "Or lannis" "palients" '. Answers to the second question will vary. 2 Reading skills Briefly introduce Exercise 2b by eliciting students' answers to exercise l b as a whole class. Possible answers: 1 2 3 4 Perhaps from an adventure/action story. a historical novel. set the scene. D 1: key words: "that distant afternoon" "At that time" Words. Answers: A 3: key words "My name is . Briefly elicit answers from the class. words T 60 Unit 6 .it must be autobiographical. and find out what types of books are the mosl popular. or even non-fiction. and make the reader want to continue. Possibly a fUrulY book.. He" . Answers: The opening sentence is important because it must catch the reader's attention. words. " "They wore brothers . Answers may vary. Remind Ihem to refer to the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. introduce characters. by describing what stories you like to read. Unclear .. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise l b.. It could be an autobiography.'calving" C 2: key words: "l\vo older guys .Objectives Vocabulary Topic: genres of fiction Reading Writing the continuation of a story figuring oul meaning from context extracts from novels Speaking discussing booKs and reasons for reading - Write the names of three or four well-known novels on the board and ask students oboullhem. " "I was born . Ask Whars this novel called in your language? Who wrote if? What sorl of story is it? Have you read it? Whars if about? Would you recommend it? Why? Why nof? Suggested novels: One Hundred Years of Solitude. Ask students to continue to work in pairs to discuss Exercise l c. Perhaps an amusing book. lord of the Rings Introduce the topic •• 1 Speaking skills Model the activity briefly. Probably nOD-fiction.. Like Water for Chocolate. and then ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise la. Ask students to match the extracts.

Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2e. Ask students to read the story again and write true or false next to the statements in Exercise 2d . When students have finished. words . Unit6 T 61 Words. The narrator must have felt nervous. Read through the strategies with students before they do the task. Possible answers: The older boys do. Then ask students to read all the stories and decide which ane they like best and why. Refer students to Develop Your Learning on page 35. Ask students to read the story to check their predictions. Let students check in pairs before going through the answers as a class. They may have played hookey because they were juvenile delinquents I they were bored and haled school ! it was a nice day. Encourage them to use past modals to specu late. Ask In what ways is the actual continuation different from your stoIJ'? Additional activity Collect the paragraphs and publish them by posting them on the classroom walls. edible freshwater lobster somothing you use to attract and catch fish a type of meat food betweenlwo pieces of bread chocolate candy pieces softened in the sun bottom of a river or creek with no water said ··no·· Hi 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow lhe steps in Exercise 4 to continue the story. 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Ask students to work in pairs to figure out the meanings. The older boys may have felt il wasn't worth goi ng to. But the narrator doesn't know them well. They must have felt happy. Answers: moved a bike by pushing the pedals (what you put your feet on) a narrow stream a type of smaJl. Have students vote on which is best.Ask students to look at the phrases fro m the story in Exercise 2c . words. or quickly put students into small groups and have a couple of volunteers sharo theirs aloud. ask some volunteers to read their stories aloud to the class. Ask students to read tho actual continuation on page 147 ohhe Student's Book. Move around the class. monitoring and helping with ideas and vocabulary. then elicit answers fTOm the class. Have students talk in pai rs briefly to predict the story. they are brothers.

. adding connecting words (See Writing Skills. then read the extract and check your predictions.-ent doNn the creek. False 4 The narrator gave his lunch to the other boys. Draw on your own experience and imagination . I must have been six then.. A carrot vvrapped in wax paper 'Nith a rubber bard arourd it. Unit 5..ever sit up en the seat all the Wf. for snakes until one of them got the idea of IcJ.. 2 Decide if the next part is going to be funny. A meatloaf sandwich· A metted bag of M & Ms.. \. They offered me a licI< but I declined. I didn't eat any of the meatloaf sardwich eijther.. Use the strategies from Develop Your Learning on page 35 to figure out their meanings. went. They ate the M & Ms first. even though I suspected LA was at least a hurdred miles ~. Wrtff(1lunchtime came I had to share my lunch 'Nith the brotherS beCaUse they'd forgotten to bring theirs.. 5 Add details to your notes. check your writing. We caught crawdads 'Nith marshmalk'JW bait then tore the shells off them and used \.. False Words. 4 Think of a sentence that will continue s~ooth l y from the last part of the story. 1 Do the boys know each other well? 2 Why did they play hooky? 3 How do you think they felt about school? 4 How did they feel when they stole tbe bikes? 5 How about when they caught the crawclads? 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Look at tbese words from the slory.. Imagine that you are the narrator. page 53). words Unil6 .AngeleS. guess the answers to these questions. 't d Read the story again..... The rest of the afternoon we climbed around the hills looking . ttreijr meat to catch more cravvdads. 5 The narrator ate meatloaf sandwich and chocolate. e In pairs. or d ramatic. 1 pedaled 2 creek 3 crawdads 4 bait 5 meatloaf sandwich 6 a melted bag of M & M's 7 dry bed 8 dedined 4 Writing skills a Now continue the story in pairs. 3 Make notes on the basic events.j.. Tore the package open and tiCked the chOCOlate off the paper.. Which is the best continuation? d To find out bow the original story continues. False 2 They took their bikes with them.. We hid the bikes in a stand of eucatyptus trees at the edge of the Afra'IO and. The ooty otrer time I'd fNf$ been to los t>r.. b Now write the next paragraph of the story. 1m. False 3 They had fish for lunch. Are these statements true or false? 1 The boys went on a vacation ..Nering our bikes dQIM1 into the aqueduct and riding along the dry bed IJltil we reached lOS. I pedaled standing. I spread the contents of the paper bag ~ out on a big !\at rock. such as adjectives. go to page 147. Especialty cold and between bread . words. 6 Start forming sentences. Try to predict what might happen in the story.. When you have finished.. sad. Follow Ulese steps: 1 Look at the lasl few lines of the story. The bike I stole was too big for me so I could r. We stole three bikes out of a back yard and took off for the Afra'IO Seco.c You are now going to read the next part of one of the stories. stole three bikes a short vacation at the edge of the Arroyo a big flat rock tore the package open reached Los Angeles They told me it would just be like taking a shOrt vacation . especially the last sentence. and wlil catch the attention of the reader. I atwaYS hated meatloaf. etc. So I \.r. c Read your paragraph aloud to the class. adverbs of manner. I said 'yes' to ev6!'jthing.getes was wtlen my aunt took me to the Farmer's t>Aarket in her '44 Dodge to loOk at the myna birds. Look at the phrases that come from it and guess which story it is...

K. a smaller campall fro I P fOm '. writing Harry Potter offshootS and giving the proceed s to her favorite causes. but once accepted and publish ed. 3 1...:: the Harry POller movie~.K. has made his creator wealthier than Quee Elizabeth II.. Rowling's life resembles a fairy talc. with a fortune estimated at one billion dollars.' e . Rawling. The38-year-old author is now the ninth richest woman in the u..~::~i~hle~k your ideas from ExerciseO~~. it was her creation.as changed since Harry POlter~ndnt~\. which have led to the publication of four sequels so far. J. How do la:~c. it was announced that J.. Rawling wrote Harry Poner and the Sorcerer's Stone at a table in a cafe wh ile her daughter was sleeping.. e. Magician Harry Potter brings ® riches to author m_~~"". Now the goodnews is that Harry Poner.. . _. the schoolboy magician and hero of the books.. Her fans arc quick to point out that despite her success. W()(ds.h~:~ohneea dWI~s P:lblished? . is now richer than the Queen of England. and living in a tiny Ed inburgh apartment with her infant daughter.Fact to fantasy 1 Speaking ski Us a ::::nOle5 of everything you know 1 the Harry POlter books :.K. unemployed. the author of h you think her n h t 0 Harry Polter books is b Read th .~ 2 Reading skills a Harry Potter : ~". words .. OWan( make The headlines have bee 'k fro 'I naen m arl l~ es.lIIother thillS. J. Harry. Harry Potter. K. • In the years slOce the appearance of the first H arry Potter story.K. And like the proverbial prince.K. They must have been . They have all beel translated into more than 20 languages. Rowling. who rescued her from her life of rags and brought her one of riches. me .g. author of the fantasy novels that arc popular with young and old alike. world-. What are the articles about" 2 Which articles will express a p "r ' point of view and who h . J 1 2: The novelist's first attempt was turned down by several __ publishers.:s ~~:~. Ie will express a 1\ e poml of View? Why? 3 Where do you think . OSllVe Ilegat' . on e of the richest women in the world. ~ GLOSSARY rags old and shabby clothes offshoots something that dcvelo s Ii e.. . I you might see the artIc os that the hcadl'Ines Come from? 1 /1 mUst USEFUL LANGUAGE be about . y m a arger compallY it 6 Words.. Rowling has become a full-time writer and has g iven up her tiny rwo-room apartment for a Scott' mansion and luxury apartments in born Edinburgh anu London. Like that of her character. goes to China ~ for tourism @Hany Potter is magic Excrcis: I.rom As the new Harry Pon er story was being eagerly awaited by millions of fans all over the wo rld.a mous writer. it got rave reviews on both sides of me Atlantic. . she is one of the bigy donators to charity that me country has ever seen.. Divorced.. . Rawling. or maybe because of it. b Look at the headlines bel I predictions.

Objectives
Grammar

Topic: J.K. Rawling and Harry Potter
Vocabulary avoiding repetition Reading a newspaper article

the passive

Speaking predicting from headlines

-

Divide the class into groups of four to six. Write the words Harry Pot/cron tho board, and then give the groups timo 10 jot notes down on everything they know about Harry Polter. After\vards, ask each group to share their three most interesting facts with the class.

Introduce the topic

1

Speaking skills
Ask studen ts to discuss the headlines in Exercise Ib in pairs or in groups. Encourage them to use medals. Point out the Useful Language phrases.

Suggested a nswers: Headline 1 Tho article is probably about the author and how sho has become rich. It 's positive. . It must come from a newspaper or magazine article. Headline 2 It is probably about how the book has been translated into Chinese and is proving successful there. It 's positive. It's probably fro m a newspaper - it might be from a publishing magazine. Headline 3 Irs probably about how the Harry Poller books have had a negative effect on read ing I the English language I literature or something like that. It's negative. It may come from a literary or educational article in a newspaper. Headline 4 It's about how people from all over the world are visiti ng places in Britain where Harry Potter was written or filmed. It's positive. It could come from an article in a travel magazine.

2 Reading skills
In Exercise Zn , elicit from tho class a few predictions about how J.K. Rowling's lifo has changed. Then ask students to road the article to answer the question in Exercise z b and check their predictions. Answers: Sho has become a successful writer, lhe ninth richest woman in the U.K., and she owns II Scottish mansion and luxury apartments. She gives a lot of money to charity. Headline 1 goes with the article.
J.K. Uoonnel Rawling did not use her first nome on the books because she lel1that boys might be put off reading the book il they knew it was by a "girl: She wonlS to motivate boys. especially, to read. which has been one 01 the great successes 01 the Herry Potier books.
Culture note

Words, words. words

T 62

Unll6

Ask students to look through the questions in Exercise 2c and decide which paragraph might answer them. Go over the answers briefly with the class. Then ask students to look through the relevant paragraph for answers and discuss them with a part ner. Answers: no answer She was divorced, unemployed, had a small child. and lived in a small apartment. (para. 2) No. (para. 3) They "got rave reviews on both sides of the Atlantic.. - so, equally successful. (para. 3) No answer. Less than 38. (para. 3) No. She has given some money from "offshoots" to her fa vorite causes. (para. 4) Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise 2d in pairs. Answers: The art icle is positive. Supporting phrases include: eagerly awaited, popular, resembles a fairy tale, rescued .. . from ... rags (10) riches, rave reviews, one of the richest women in the world, biggest donators to charity

3 Vocabu lary: avoi ding repetition
Tell students to copy the table in Exercise 3h into their notebooks. Ask lhem to scan the lext for synonyms and paraphrases that refer to lhe author J.K. Rowling and lhen complete the table with these phrases. Answe rs: Adj(l(:tives divorced unemployed Adjectival phrases 38-year-old full-time Nouns author novelist creator writer donator Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels one of the richest women in the world one of the b iggest donators to charity

4 Gram mar review: the passive
Ask stude nls to work in pairs to match examples in Exercise 4a to uses. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the q uestions aboul lhe examples in Exercise 4b. Point out the Language Note on page 63 and refer them to the Grammar Summary on page 66 to check their answers.
Quick grammar guide

Passive constructions exist in many languages but often are not as commonly used as they are in English. A reflexive construction with on active verb is sometimes preferred, with the subject after the verb. not a t the beginning of the sentence.
Common enors and problems

• Students may attempt a reflexive construction which is impossible in English. ,ariF!' IRe B99/@; in Hong Kong. 's fJ'f.R.'99 IRe Be9.1r!; in Hong Kong. ' ~' ts fJ'fjR/e9 IRe Be9/@; in Hong Kong . • A common mistake is to make an active sentence without a subject pronoun. WI9/e her firsl book in Edinburgh. Answers: a No. It isn't important. b millions of fans eWe wanl to focus on "the new Harry Potter story " - this is the important or new information. d several publishers e 1 Someone announced that ... 2 Someone has translated them inlo ... 3 Millions offans weTO eagerly awaiting ... 4 Several publishers turned down ... They are still correct, but 1 and 2 sound odd. In Exercise 4d, ask students to complete the sentences ind ividually, then check in pairs.

5 Speaking skills
Divido students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions.

Unil6

T 63

Words. words, WOfds

c Docs the article answer all of the following questions? Decide which paragraph you can find the answer in when possible. then answer the ques tions.
1 Why did J.K. Rawling write the Potter books? 2 What was her life like before the first book

b Look at these examples from the article and answer the questions.
1 .. . it was announced that J.K. Rowling .. . is

now richer than the Queen of England.
2 They have all been translated into more than

3
4

5
6

was published? Was she immediately successful with her first story? Have the books been more successful in the U.S. or the U.K.? How old was she when the first book was published? Has she profited from all of her books?

20 languages . 3 As the new Harry Potter story was being eagerly awaited by m illions of fans ... 4 The novelist's fi rst attempt was turned down by several publishers ...

d Is the article more positive or negative about Harry Potter and his author? Make a note of the words and phrases that support your answer.

3 Vocabulary: avoiding repetition
'a Read the article again and note all the references to J.K. Rawling.

a Do we know who announced the news in 1, or who translated the books in 2? Is it important? b Who or what does the action in 3, "the new Harry Potter story" or "millions of fans"? c In 3. the agent (millions of fans) is quite important. so why is the passive used? d Who does the action in 4? e Try to put the four sentences above into the active voice. Are they still correct? c Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 66.

aWJ,o, <f Ik fa~ >UJ>ds.. OiW>'Wi•. b Write the words and phrases you have noted in the table.

LANGUAGE NOTE
Remember tllat we make the passive with a form ofthe verb be + past participle: it was announced; they have all been translated. d We can use the passive in most tenses and verb forms. Identify the tense or verb form in the active sentences below and complete the passive sentences.
1 The publishers print the books in Hong Kong.

Adjectives divof1:ed unem ployed

Adjectival

Nouns author

Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels

phrases
38·year-old

(prefe.-.t!;

!'i.mrieJ

c We use synonyms and paraphrases to avoid repetition and help the flow oftexl. Find : 1 three ways the journalist refers to Rawling's occupation. au tho r, novelist , writer 2 four ways he refers to Harry Potter. her character. her creation . the schoolboy magician , hero of the books 3 three ways he refers to the books. fantasy novels, first attempt, four sequels, offshoots

2

3

4 Grammar review: the passive
a Look at the examples of passives. 1--4. Match them with the correct use from the list below. The passive is often used in ... 1 academic works, e.g. science journals: A constant temperature is maintained ... 2 manuals: Ensure that the plug is fitted correctly before ... 3 public notices: Passengers are kindly requested not to smoke. 4 newspapers: Find an example in the headlines in Exercise lb.

4

5

6

The books ... aYe pr-mled m. JWng Kong. Distribution companjes are shipping millions of the new Harry Potter book around the world. present progressive Millions of the new Harry Potter books are being shipped around the world. Several publishers rejected J.K. Rowling's first book. simple past J.K . Rawling's first book was rejected by severa l publisbers. The publisher has announced the launch date for the latest Potter book. present perfect The launch date for the latest Potter book has been announced by the publisher. They should ban the words Harry Potter. should + infinitive The words Harry Potter should be banned . They had made the first book into a fi lm before Rawling wrote the fifth book. past perfect The first book had been made into a film before Rawling wrote the fifth book.

7
~L

We lise the passive when: a the subject of the action is unknown b the subject of the action is unimportant c we want to focus on new information by putting it at the end of the sentence d we want to avoid naming or blaming the subject of an action

5 Speaking skills
In groups , discuss these questions. 1 What books are being fead by kids in your country right now?
2 Make a list of your favorite books when you were

a kid and compare them with your group. 3 Which is your all·time favorite book? Why?
Words, words, words

Unit 6

~

1 Warm up
An urban myth is an often-repeated story. which mayor may not be true, of an unusual and sometimes terrible event that happens to an ordinary person, usually a "friend of a friend", The stories usually have a surprise ending. They are often told when fr iends get together at d inner parties or bars. a The sentences below are taken from Iwo different urban myths. They are taken from the beginning, the midd le, and the end of each story. Put them into the correct order. Story A; 1 Q!J 2 I:m 3!ID Story 8; 1 !g 2 ID 3@

b In grou ps, compare your answers and try to figure out what Lhe two stories are about . Use the questions to help you. 1 Who arc the characters in the story? 2 Where does the story take place? 3 When do the events take place? (morning/evening? present/ past?) 4 Is the story a funn y one, a thriller. a mystery. a crime story? 5 Docs it have a "happy ending"? Wo will como back to these stories at the end of the lesson.

~

~

~

~

~

USEFUL LANGUAGE
Thi.~ must be from ... This could be the first one.

I ~ r-A------le--n-C;C,-e-e--'vCi-hCVCiCI-g-e--'v-o-k-e-u p-o-n~e=," ==i=g =to=fi=n=d==h=a=t====~------------------------------'-' co up i n c- l a -- ==o=nn n = = t
someone had stolen their car.

®

They later found that the thief had used their car for a robber y on the very day it had disappeared.

r--

~----~=====================~------~~ @ A friend of mine was d riving along the Massachusetts Highway o ne
evening when he passed a young lady walking along the side of the road.

@

" Yes, the purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed more than 20 years ago in a car accident on the Massachusetts Highway."

®
CD

The note explained the thief had taken the car because he didn't have a car himself and his wife had gone into labor with their first baby.

A couple of days later, he was cleaning his car when he cam e across
a wo man's pursC!=.

Words, WOfds. words

Objectives

Topic: anecdotes and urban myths
Writing
Ustening
Specking
telling an anecdote

Grammar Reading past perfect simple urban legends and progressive, third conditional

an anecdote

on anecdote

••
1 Warm up
Ask students to do Exercise la in pairs. Aftenvards, ask the class which picture goes with which story. Ask students to discuss th e stories in groups o f four, using the questions in Exercise lb. Monitor the discussion. but don't reveal any stories at this stage.

Words, words, WOfds

T 64

Unil 6

. gorage. you know. Play the audio for Exercise 2. Rob So they reporled Ihe theft 10 the police. Trevor No. with eyes closed if they like... Shira Oh. ask students to listen to the story on the audio and check their predictions. and one morning they wake up to find thol someone hod stolen their cor. Oh. Trevor A note? '9~------------------------------------------------------. I've heard it so many times! Shira Oh. Rob So. and . After the first piece. to make a long $lory short. Everybody knows it. his wife had. yeah . Trevor Incredible! Rob Well. ond . right well. you see. words. Answers Interjections Incredible! Oh. I love these urban mythsl Trevor Go on. you know. Rob Oh. Ask students to write their stories from their notes and then exchange stories with another student to read. . great. they found thai while they hod been out enjoying their Broadway musical. Trevor Of course. .no. I don·tthink so. words .. big house. they would still have their possessions. Echo questions/repetition Their car was stolen? But you said they Of course. Shira Their cor was stolen? No.. professionals. The couple was delighted. and think of images. good jobs. 6 Notice ~ Play the audio for exercise 5 again. thanks. all righlthen. Rob Hong on.. they got home from work to see the cor bock again. 5 Compare For Exercise Sa. Oh... so . Trevor Oh. they later found that the thief hod used their car fOf a robbery on the very day it hod disoppeared! Unit 6 T 6S Words. Then continue this procedure for the second and third pieces of music. and . I bet. Elidt wa ys of completing the sentence in Exercise 5b and write good sentences on the board. with a note under the windshield wiper. rhey'd parked it outside rhe house the night belOfe. il was a note explaining thaI the thief hod taken the cor because he didn't hove a cor himself. there was Ihis couple in Greenwich Villoge. he'd enclosed two tickets for a Broadway show thor weekend. gone into Iobor with their first baby. I the house. you know. they hodn'r put it in the gorage. And? A nole?Oh? Simple phraseslwords Go on. the Vv"Ilole thing. anyway. Rob Well. Jane Mmm. You must have heard it.t 2 Task Go over the instructions for the task carefully with the class. 4 Feedback Put students in pairs to tell their stories. uh . Trevor Oh. yeah . Mmm. Ask students to copy and complete the table in their notebooks. Jane Go on. the crook hod robbed their entire house of its conleots. Rob.. pour me anather gloss of wine and I'll tell you.. Ask students to listen to lhe first piece of music. pause the recording and tel] students to write notes to build up the story. Rob.lOne You must hove heard it. And? Rob Well.. Stress the content and also have students support each other in reviewing the grammar and form of their stories. they went to Ihe show and when they got home offer it. to make Ihings WOfSE!. no. Shira But you soid they hod a goroge . 7 Follow up Ask students to read the second urban myth all page 147 ofthe Student's Book and check their predictions. Rob. ITrack 28 features three excerpts of muSic. hove another drink. 3 Prepare Ask students to follow the guidelines to develop their story. This Oduolty happened to a friend of a friend of mine . to $Offen the blow.. stMra Oh? Rob So he hoped they didn't mind 100 much rhat he'd taken their car without permission. you see.. you know. outside Rob Yeah. Rob Great. Here. Shira I bet. 1/ the couple hadn't gone to the theater. Have you heard Ihe one about the couple whose cor was stolen and. I don" think I've heard that one.. later the some day. Rob Oh.

hore are the sentences th at begin each of the throe paragraphs of yOW" story. ask questions.2 Task 4 Feedback In pairs. finally adjectives: to make your story more vivid ~ Listen to the conversation again. as soon as. Which of you wrote the more interesting story? Which had the best English? Words. 1 If Tom hadn'l gone to the party. Make any changes you wish to the content or the language. he looked back: if he hadn't . ~ Think about your story. Were your predictions correct? b Go back to the notes on your story and write it up as a complete text of about 150 words. c Give your story to a di fferent partner to read. make commonts. but don '( take notes yet. and then. Take If the couple hadn 't gone to IJ1e theater. Make any changes you wish . words . Notice the way the listeners res pond to show they are listening. 1 The characters: are they young or old? How do they feel? Z Time and place: where does the story take p lace? (city/country? ins ide/o utside?) When does it take place (morning/evening?) 3 Background: what was the weather like? What had th ey been doing before the story began? 4 Ending: you can make the ending a "surprise" in true urban myth tradi tion ! 5 Language narrative tenses: simple past. Oh. Rob. 7 Follow up a Read the full version o fth e other story from Exercise l b on page 147." 5 Compare 3 Years later. Now use these guide lines to help you develop you r story. Practice being You are going to write a very short story and tell it to a good story-teller and a good listener! other students. Each piece goes with each of the three paragraphs. past perfect progressive connectors: when. Story-teller: Use your notes to guide you. . mfHlIlwhile. Listener: Show you are listening. follow the b Complete the sentence. 6 Notice 3 Prepare Look over your notes fo r the three paragraphs.. to encourage the speaker. To h elp you. As you listen. ~ a Listen to one of the stories from Exercise l a. past perfect. you are going to listen the story correct? to three pieces of music. Interjections Incredible! Echo questions I repetition Their car was stolen? Simple phrases I words Goon. after a while. and so on. he would never have met Pe nclope. using the stories in this lesson to give you ideas. tell your story to each other. 2 They had been going out together for about a year when . words. and try not to read word-by-wo rd . The music will stop after each p icce to give you time to write. to show interest. Make notes of any phrases they usc as you Iiston. To Which story is it? Were your predictions about help you develop your story. and write the responses in the table. notes to bui ld up your story. to check understanding. music and tho images it brings to your mjnd.

mat was You will be notified in due course.) • When the Answer thes e questi o ns. Ycu k:lOk tied.} She could have arrived. so she 1 must ~ve arrived yet.! Past perfect Modal passive A new bridge has been built over the river.} I haven't seen She may not have arrived yet. I just wish so we can start dinner. her suitcase. She may have arrived. may (not). $he may not have arrived yet. dramatist 2 The passive Use oovet p~y playv-mght hIstorian screenwn journalist histOf)' boo!< • When the agent (subject) of the verb is unknown: Our car was stolen last night. X They can't have anMJd yet.ect + modal verb + have + past participle The modal verbs most often used are must. could (not). Fo"" We form the passive with the verb be and a past participle. . we intiOOuce it with by: We use must (not) / may (not) I might (oot) / ootid (not) / can't + have to make deductions aboot the past and to tal< about possiJity i"I the past. words .) Newspapers and scientifiC texts frequently use the passive in this way.. bklg""".I" order was ~ prepared YIIher'l I last checked.30. The car must be ~ repaired immediately. Negative ~ train gets hef"e at 3. HE!( coat's hanging in the closet.ted. This Is too repetitive to be correct. she 3~ may not have. No.rseIves I someone else.rj1 day. prog<BSSive Simple past The childlBfl are being taught latin Itlis yeaf. and I 8 mustn't ~ have stopped for more than ten rTW1utes all day. We use the passive to do this. words.) Sometimes we want to put new information at the end of the sentence to give it more importance.r.ama movie screenplays new"""". 3 YQI. The letter had been sent before I realized . The verbs stxm differanllevels of certai'lty. We can use the passive in most tenses. we call . What do agent is known but not important: A new Jaw regarding advertising was passed yesterday. and can't: prog<BSSive P<esent parlee! They must have arrived by now. It is not always possible to use an active sentence instead of a passive one: Translators have translated all the books. She was walking.. \'Vhen we include the agent. Joe Uz Joe Have you seen Sara? No. The nev. She ~/ can't have gotten caught in traffic. 4 0cIer teachers are often asked questions by younger teachers. Kind of writing poet" Writer Kind of writing Writer poet novetist bklgrnphy d. have a drink.' Past The book was being printed last night. )( She may have affl. Tense Simple Form (pp iii past participle) Example Our bills are paid through the bank.". might (not).LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Deduction and possibility in the past Use • • Sometimes we leave the agent out because we do not want to sa-. Less certain She might have arrived. Ycu Uz Joe Yeah. Vocabulary Summary Literature You poor thing! Here. } The train isn't due for another ten She couldn't have arrived yet. 0Ne don't know who stole it. @ can't have hoc! a tot. (I ate them but I don't want to admit it.. minutes. who did . the COOkies were eaten while'you and dad were out. '--' De cide if these passive sentences are correct or not.. The books have been awaited for a ong time. 0Ne want to avoid bIarnilg a. trough it may be important. is/are + past participle is/are + being + pp was/wete + pp was/wal'"e + being + pp preseot P<esent Fo"" sub. (The government passed it but we already know that. She can have atrived./ Choose the correct modal verbs in this conversation. but we tend not to use it with the present perfect progressive or past perfect progressive. haslhave + been + pp had + been + pp modal verb + be + pp He could have arrived.somethi"Ig.) Mom. Positive She must have arrived. '" 5 My wallet was taken from my jacket pocket yesterday by SOOlI3()I)9':"-' V Yeah. Note that we do not usa the negative of must or the positive of They mustn't have anMJd yet.rket Liz 1 Uniforms must be worn at all times by soldiers on duty.• 1 someone who writes for the lheater? playwright 2 someone who writes about the life 01 a famous person? hiogrD plll~r 3 someone who writes about important events in the past? historian 4 someone who writes fictional stories? novelist 5 someone who writes dialogues for the movies? screenwriter Unit 6 Words. Co rrec t those wIth e rro rs. I ~~ could have left home before six this morning. She !Tight not have arrived yet.r Harry Potter story was eagerly awaited by miIOns of fans. 2 The books have been awaited for a long time.:vas Joe Uz Joe being pnlparlld when I last checked . ~ Certain She can't have arrived yet. st~1 dark outsicle. Your order rng V . Our cat was run over by a (). I suppose She she'd get here S @ must have. She wanted to buy some wine so she @ ' can have stopped at the superma.

2 Make a few notes to summarize the main points of the story. Cl! ~ >- o --' LJ. The next thing I knew I was lying in a hospital bed with my head bandaged up. at first simple past unfortunately past perfect characters that are well-developed and believable a range of different tenses.ph 2 Pamgn. 1 have a three-inch scar along my skull to prove it. II was a beautiful sunny afternoon with not a cloud in the sky.C) i= -:: a z A narrative 1 Looking at what makes a good story What makes a good story? In this lesson you will ook at the techniques involved in making a good story. rewrite your story on a clean piece of paper and give it a title. Although I remember nothing of the accident. 4 Applying what you have learned You are now going to write a short story of between 150 and 200 words. Match the paragraph with the part of the story. but put the story into paragraphs and make it as clear as possible. In pairs. Correct the English and add descriptive language to make it more interesting..PLAN [> Your action ptan. Suddenly. 4 Write a fi rst draft. b End in an interesting way. 3: o 0. Put the types of language in the box into the correct column of the table. and wtlat opportunities for speaking EngliSh you have taken. The blow must have knocked me unconscious.J > LJ.ph 3 a Develop the story step by step. e. Paragraph 4 Grve backgrOUnd to the story. --I--l-.. The two boys bad been playing with a sugar cane knife when onc of them lost hold of it. Note: you wi ll need to show your final anecdote to your classmates at the 8fId of Unit 7. a problem.g. a story that gets the reader's attention and keeps rt. Don't worry about producing perfect English now. at first two days earlier as soon as before that summer in the meantime Descriptive tanguage adverbs: sadly adjectives: merciless unfortunately slowl y suddenly piercing brightly shiver ing sea-bl ue dangerous l y b Now find examples of some of the points in the table in the anecdote in Ex8f'Cise 1c. a In pairs. most of which will be past forms two days earlier slowly suddenly as soon as piercing brightly b Compare your answers with the class. there was a scream and then all fell silent. a surprise. writing an interesting story Finish writing your story. look al the "ingredients of a good story" below and number them in order of importance: 1 == the most important. Add some more examples if you can.. c Read this story. 1 What title would you give to this anecdote? 2 Did you enjoy the story? Why? / Why not? past perfect progressive shivering before reported and d irect speech that summer sea-blue dangerously in the meantime I was a six-year-old living in Hawaii at the time. You probably won't finish it in class but you will be expected to finish it as part of you r action plan. over the fence. 6 Finally. You can use the model in Ex8!'cise 2 if you want. words Unil6 .g. S Read you r story. I was walking home from school. provide a 'twist: 3 Organize the story into paragraphs. although the truth is I don't recall anything immediately after that unlucky event. that is. --. Words.. making opportunities to speak English In pairs.ph 1 Pamgn. 1 Think of an interesting story that happened to you or someone you know. Follow the steps below. And I'm still visited by the baunting thought that death can come calling at any time. I'll never forget what happened.along the beach. solve a puzzle. Pamgn. even on a beautifully sunny day. It ricocheted off a tree and then bounced off my head. 1 heard friendly laughter and I looked up to see two boys playing in the trees. You can rewrite it as many times as you like. I took my usual shortcut home . answer the questions.c d Intreduce a change in the action to increase interest.J o o o o o o a wide range of appropriate vocabulary and interesting expressions a well·organized narrative that is easy to follow and understand an interesting plot that makes you want to read to the end 3 Analyzing how language is used to make a good story a A writer needs to use variety to make a story come alive. 5 = the least important. words. Ten ses I verb forms past progressive (to set the scene) simple past past perfect past perfect progressi ve reported and direct speech Sequencing expre ssion s meanwhile later that evening . 2 Analyzing the organization of a story Read the anecdote again and look at how the writer develops the story. ~<J REVIEW Review your action plan. e. and through the trees. tell your partner about your action plan for Unit 5.

She 1 '. I think he 6 dad! d Expand these notes to make complete sentences. 1 He was wearing a wedd ing ring so he must be married 2 Ho had two passports so he could have dual nationality 3 He was meeting a woman named Paula .. it's Father's Day so I 5 'm going to cook (cook) dinner for my dad in the evening. (bappy) If he'd remained single.. '--" but l ean 't soe that happening..J I not I too / expensive.. Why don't you join us? Rita In the evening? Thanks. Helen's huge now. I'd love to. I forgot. 2 If Fran I get I marry I to John. She might have gotten a better grade if she hadn't felt sick on . so I'll buy a new cellphone ifit isn't too expensive.. 'II be (be) a great Jean I don't agree. . I'd buy that apartment if! were you. (being) Several suspects are being questioned . Tom Dh. (dating) They bad been dating for four years before they separated. Any plans for Sunday? Rita No. b Complete this conversation using going to + verb. 4 I havo somo spare money. 1 If the New World / not I discover I native civilization I not "--" I destroy./ scene of a murder in New York. not really. 5 I I buy I thai apartment / if / I I be I you. 1 The lecture started at 9:00 and we arrived at 9:15. isn't he? If there 3 is (be) a football game. Do you want to come? Rita I'd love to but 2 I teach (teach) my salsa class every Saturday night. '--" e Look at these notes made by a police detective at the \. 5 They separated after four years of dating.. [have some spare money. Jean I saw TIm and Helen in the street./ the day of the exam. native civilization wouldn't have been destroyed. 3 I 'm going to stay (stay) at home and clean my apartment . the lecture bad already started .a Complete this conversation using the simple present or present progressive tense. Tom 11 'm going (go) to a concert on Saturday night. so II buy I new cell phone I if \. 2 The police are questioning several suspects. I they I live I Australia. they would Jive in Australia" . Ho 5 won't want (not want) to sit at home and take care of the baby. If Fran got married to John.. If the New World had not been discovered. will/won 't + verb or the first conditional.. 4 They didn't have more children because they couldn't afford them. 3 Marriage made him unhappy. Then look at the theories the detective is formulating and make deductions. (might) They migbt have bad more children if they'd been richer. That's my advice. though? Jean What do you mean? Bob Well .. be would be { would have been happy . he's very selfish.. he 4 ' U go {gol to it . (already) When we arrived at the auditorium. right. . 3 She / might / got I bellor grade I if I not I feel sick I all 1.she might be his girlfriend 4 He still had a lot of money so the motive for the shooting couldn't be theftlmoneylsreed 5 He still had tho tickets for the game so he couldn't have 80ne to the game c Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. Bob Fantastic! Do you think TIm 2 will make (make) a good father.soinl to bave (have) the baby in three weeks... or going to + verb. Use the word in parentheses..it's a mess ! 4 Are you doinS (you/ do) anything? Tom Well.

being taught/are taught 5 The new skyscraper should have completed by next summer. e was tile correct wasn't really sure whether ~arn:~raditiOnal family and me slep for him. have been completed g Read this story a nd comillele it with the words or Match tho words with the a ppropri ate definition. \Qug r 'endshi\! or marriage? Mike. 'Iegetables. were 3 Native American languages speak more widely than Spanish in Bolivia. d th 2 stepslSters . 1 can'.aJ the years they had 3 "ke another sister to I ht that sho was 1 sometimes I. a dishwasher 5 I'm out of the house a lot and people complain they can never reach me. So did he want 4 fI 5 mother-in-Ia'!. an alarm dock 4 We keep arguing about who's going to do the dishes after dinner.le O arent but hi~ dad . eggs. a fiber b fat c carbohydrates d minerals e vitamins f protein 1 2 3 4 5 found in food like bread and potatoes and gives your body heat and energy @) fowld in food li ke oil and butler and gives you energy but is fil llening I!il the parts of fruit. Claude Lomax in 1906. f his parents 81 scared because 0 d M'ke got milrried.' rcmarfl'ed and Mike noW ha close frien ds . Over mother temalDed 1 . 1 The worl d's first cell phone virus has invented by hackers.r There is a 8rammatica l mistake in each of these sentences. was 2 These shoes !!.~Ul becOme rea . or grains (com . designed by the famous French designer. become close fr iond s mother-i n-law a single parent fr iendsh ip stepsisters . There is one extra item. Martha c. are spoken 4 Children are teaching Greek in tenth grade.a a:~~idS. M. 1\'10 years later t oy go. His mom and background was compl~te ~ he was just a baby. sticky notes a hole puncher an alarm clock an ironing board correction fluid a dishwasher an armchair a paper clip an answering machine a food processor a washing machine 1 Do you have anyth ing I can hold these pieces of paper together with? a paper dip 2 I've made a couple of mistakes on this application form. and milk that makes you strong Rnd healthy I!l natural substances in foods like iron and calcium.!2. two years liltor Marlha an 1 Complete the text with a form of the words in the box. wheal) that help food pass through your body I!l a substance in foods such as meat. an answering machine . got Luckily. Happily. which we need for good health lID phrases fro m the box.. screen novel play poetry biography I h What do the speakers need? Choose an objcct from the box. Martha Bnd her ~utu. His dad had gott~n di'lO~:in.~ Martha thai Mike was O along well and she explilmo ' r ' ed marriage. correction Ouid 3 I can't wake up in the morn ing and I'm always lale for work. send it like this. Co rrect the mistakes. but Mike's family liked the idea of marriage I different. out together for years Martha and Miko had ~eoll gOI~I~ e they decided to live and after they both fi mshe: co \gengagod but Mike together.

discuss these features. these types can react spontaneously without thinking about the consequences. tends to be small. c Find personality adjectives in the article that have the opposite meaning to these.fempered and can suddenly "fly off the handle". bony lace. They tend to be loners. There are certain fealures thot tend 10 indicate personality types. 1 wide.1 Vocabulary: the face a Match the faces with these descriptions.ct· d .~t ~~~:~~~~. In p8i~S. usually square-shaped. They generally don't like sporls. thin noses are often loners and workaholics. Match each description with one of the faces then compare your answers in groups. They prefer individual sports. 2 Reading skills a Th. This type hos a small head and small facial features. Although by no means locking in intelligence. full lips a weak chi n close-set eyes thin lips a high forohand bushy eyebrows 0 person's character from their faciol characteristics. 3. Their personality is oo. The nose is often flat and the chin is prominent. having none of someth ing a long. I h lve aca. faces fall into certain types. 58 Unil7 Body language .. such as heavy eyelids indicating on introveft. Nevertheless. so they tend to be bod. they can be emotionally ~ble. they tend to have a low forehead. Face reading has a long hislofy and even IOdoy people ore surprised by ils accuracy. They are active and enjoy physical work in the open air. small ears and a small nose. such as the four below: 1. types. This athletic type tends to be of medium height with brood shoulders. someone who keeps their feelings 10 themselves. Use these words and phrases. round face. they p::>inl more often to someone who i uIC'1 in In According 10 face-reading specialists.a article on tho right is about face reading. This type has a GLOSSARY untrustworthy not copablo of being trusted fly ofT the handle become angry very quickly lacking without something. angular face A 4 small head and small facial features 8 b Complete the labels 011 the faces with these phrases. optimistic. such as boxing and weightlifting. fSliy-. angular face with thin lips. bony face D 3 large. tr~ to describe the characters of the people In Exorcise 1 from their faces. Many movie directors and other artists tend to belong to this type. They tend to have a lorge.·m"lIlIv they're extroverted. to team sports.. ox~rovortcd/introverted optimistidpessimistic qUIet/confident calmlbad-tempcred lazy/. People with Ioog. Some people believe we con judge bushy eyebrows thin lips prominent chin low forehoad heavy eyelids small nose full lips small ears close-set eyes c Can facial features lell you anything about a person? In pairs.~c:ondepressed. 4 . round face C 2 long. These people are basically introverts: they tend to be quiet. cha nge suddenly tl} 2. cheerful demanding honest outgoing predictable slow-wittecl ~. This type has a large head and a wide. and while many people 05SOCiale dase-set eyes with a ntrustwort rson. ernie at lotic intelligent/ not very smart SOCIable/a loncr b Read the articlc and check your answers.

you may need to check the meaning of the adjectives by miming and showing. Ask students 10 do Exercise 1a in pairs. Elicit a few ideas from different pairs at the end. •• In Exercise 2b. ask students to match the descriptions to the faces and check in groups. [n Exercise l b. As a whole class. Ask How can you describe this person's face in deloil? What con you say about this person's personality? Do you think you can make guesses about someone's personality from their face? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: the face Bri efly pre-teach the paris of the fac e by pointing to parts of your face and asking W}lQrs this? You/' chin. etc. Go through the answers as a class.. Ask a few pairs how they have described the people. Body language T 70 Unit7 . then check in pairs. (For example. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into pairs to make predictions aboutlhe people i.n exercise 1. Objectives Vocabulary the face Topic: face-reading Reading a psychology article Writing a detailed description Speaking describing people's faces of a face Put on the board a large magazine picture of 0 person's face. Remind students 10 check the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. push out your chin to show "prominent" chin .) Ask students to discuss the features in Exercise 1c in pairs. ask students to lahelthe paris of the faces at the lop of the page. using the descriptive adjectives in Exercise 2a. Ask students to match the words in Exercise 2c with opposites in the text.

then briefly elicit answers from the whole class. elc. Students have 10 read their descriptions aloud while their partners look at page 147 and identify the face being described. Move around the class. Put the descriptions in a pile on your desk and ask the pairs to pick up a description. round. they have to decide whose face in the group matches which description in the text. aftor students have selected their identikit picture from pago 147. square-shaped eyes large. Note Handle Ihis activity with sensitivity. bony. heavy-lidded eyebrows thin. plump. high. and give each pair a magazine °foce: Ask them to work together to write a description of the foce. Give the groups five minutes to discuss. laughter lines 4 very. If you feel any students might be uncomfOrloble tolking about their appeorance. large. and match it to a face. 2. Afterwards.) at the lop of each one as you collect them. small. 5 mouth/ lips. 6 jaw/chin. check answers with the class while you build up a class lable on the board. then skip exercise 3a and move straight on to exercise 3b. B. low. Collect all the descriptions. Then ask them to work in pairs or small groups 10 complete the lablo. slightly. In Exercise 3a. 2 1 fo rehead. pointed. poi nted. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks. Ask students to read the description in Exercise 3c. raised. Suggested a nswers: oval. Make sum students have finished their descriptions before going on to Exercise 4d . wide-set. narrow. heavy forehead broad. Tell students they have seven minutes. Write a number Il. etc. deep-sel. long face Ask studonts to read and analyze the texl in exercise 3c by answering the questions in Exercise 4b. wrinkled nose large. 3. C. quite. thin ears sticking-out. and write a letter IA.3 Speaking ski lls Ask students to work in small groups. and find the picture. wide. Then lei the individual concerned decide whether the description matches hisfhor personality. fairly In Exercise 4c. 4 nose. Encourage students to try oul phrases from the Useful Language box.) on each pidure. Divide the class into pairs. Answers: 1 The first sentence describes the fa ce and general appearance because it is best to start with a general description before moving to spocifics. wide. light blue. Additional actMty Bring in a pile of "faceso cut from mogozines. flat. small. thin. Then ask ono perSOIl from each group to stand up and describe one of the famous people to the class. friendly. angular. monitoring and helping with idoas and vocabulary. 2 eyes. Which pair can match the most descriptions to pictures in that lime? Unit 7 T 71 Body language . long. bushy eyelids wrinkled. th ick. Ask students in groups to describe the faces of the famous people in Exercise 3h and decide what they arc like. Coiled the magazine pictures and stick them on the walls around the classroom. long. 7 ears 3 looks intelligent. Let students check in pairs. dose-set. small. ask them to write their description. read it. slightly wrinkled : hair is receding. bloodshot. 3 eyebrows. narrow mouth lips fu ll . slightly hooked wido.

First. He/She has quite long ears and has laughter lines at the corners of the eyes and between the nose and mouth. He/She has a wide high forehead. wrinkled. ilnd 3. bloodshot. deep-set. thin. USEFUL LANGUAGE Do YOII think / Would you say thai you 're shy? How would you describe yourself? Do you think the descriptions ore accurate? b Look at the faces of famous people below. one each from groups 1. large. and are low over the eyes. pointed. light blue eyes are wide-set and quite heavylidded. see how good your description is. Write as many ways of describing a face as you can.3 Speaking ski lls a Look carefully at your classmates. 1 What docs the first sentence describe? Why? Z Number the parts of the face in the order of the description: nose ears eyebrows forehead jaw/chin mouth/lips eyes 3 What other details about the face does the description give? 4 Which words does the writer use to modify the adjectives. Student A: Read your description to B. with fairly thin lips. and the chin is quite prominent. broad. sticking-out. You will need to identify Uuee parts of the face. Student B: Look at page 147 and identify the "face" that A describes. e Now swap roles and repeat Exercise 4d. c Now read this description of a famous person and match it with one of the faces. very? c You have witnessed a crime and you need to describe the offender to the police. full . pointed. Discuss what the faces say about their characters. and slightly hooked at the end . The jaw and chin are strong. which is slightly wrinkled. Body language Unit? . d [n pairs. thick. 4 Writing ski lls a Complete this table with words and phrases from the lesson. Turn to page 147 and choose the parts to make a face from the " identikit pictures". This person has a long. look at the description in Exercise 3c and answer Ute questions. The hair is receding a little from the forehead. Write a careful description of the face. plump. How many examples of the faces described in the article can you find? Are the descriptions accurate? Check with your classmates. raised. The person's nose is long. wide. e. Mel Gibson Nose Mouth Lips Ean. and looks intelligent. His/Her large. b You are going to write a very detailed description of a face. large. 2.g. narrow. friendly. giving as much detail as you can . His/Her mouth is wide. Face Eyes Eyebrows Eyelids Forehead oval. The eyebrows are very thick and bushy. angular face.

USEFUL lANGUAGE He/She looks/seems + adjective: She seem." c "That's great!" Listen to a body language expert ta lking about first impressions and check the aspects of a person's appearance that the expert mentions." c "Everything's okay!" 5 a "I don't know what to say. but seem can describo behavior. build I!:j' height !1 color I!:j' clothes character 0 posture 1!1 face 1!1 eyes 0 hair 0 expression ~ gestures voice 0 1!1 i!1 b Complete these notes about fi rst impressions. aggressive arrogant authori tative bored confident conten t easy-going edgy indifferent nervous relaxed superior threatening vain ® - 2 Speaking skills a In pairs. LANGUAGE NOTE The verb look describes only appearance. We can use to be after seem." c ''I'm tired." 2 a "r know they respect me." b "The interviewer looks sick. Listen again to check if necessary. voice. 5 One of the most important things in forming opinions is gesture. He/She looks like + noun phrase: He looks like a boss / an authoritalive person. 1 a " I don't like this." b " I can't wait to get away. etc. but not after look: They seemed to be interested in the house." b "I'm feeli ng great. Which one(s) would you like to meet? b List the reasons why you chose the perso n/people and discuss them with another pair. We often make up our minds about people on the basis of first impressions." 6 a "I really don't know." 3 a "Out of my way!" b "You're in trouble!" c "I'm terrified! " 4 a "I don't have any money!" b "I hate this place. 4 The face is importan t but expression is more important . " b "I really don't care. 3 Peop le use clothes to give an image of themselves. Choose adjectives to describe each one. look at the pictures of people. but she looks like a warm kind af persan. We ljke Persall 2 most. She seems authoritative.Body talk 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Look at the pictures of the six people. c Do you agree or disagree with the statements in Exercise 3b? Why? / Why not? 1 Uni17 Body language ." c "I'm so nervous. 3 Listening skills c What do you think each person might be saying or thinking? Choose the best answer then discuss it with a partner. 2 There is a danger of stereotyping people but first impressions are often correct. He looks velY pleasallt.~ confident." c "I hate giving presentations. She seemed sure oj the facts.

but for some nationalities. but rt can also moon the figure zero. Answers: According to the body language expert. Husually means "I don't know: Finally. their clothes.{re imporlant because they're the first impression we get of how people choose to present themselves. especiOlly if the person is also pointing aggressively . ag'gressive. 3b. people may choose to give a different image of themselves. there is a danger of st€!'ootyping people although you'd be amazed at haw often first impressions are correc1. 5c (but b in some cultures). con'tent in'different. Answers: Students' answers may vary. 4c. But of course.and irs so variable from country to country. you're an expert on gesture.that can be very threatening. how about posture. imogine someone standing with their legs aporl and leaning forward . You can be ottracted to a beautiful face. Ask students 10 listen and check their answers to exercise 2c. formed by the thumb ond forefing€!'. arms above their head th€'{re feeling grootl Similarly. which corry stress on the se<:ond syllable. you've done a lot of work on the Imporlance of body language. On the other hand. so we do hove to be careful. we form opinions about people on !he basis of first impressions.{re nervous. The mare we extend and stretch ourselves. ou'thorifalive. ~ ~ 30'' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------. ~ suggests they think someone is siCk. in which case ~ ploys a huge perl in forming opinions. a classic example of a gesture we hove to be careful with is the "0" sign. their color.J Check understanding with questions like: Introduce the topic How can you describe someone who is always shouting of people? (aggressive1 How can you describe someone who thinks he or she is better than otherS? (arrogantl 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Ask students to look at picture 1. Howev€!'. Put students in small grou ps to discuss tbe statements in Exercise 3e. However. How great a pori does it play in forming opinions about peop!e? B WeD. you know. of caurse. you don't gwe people a chance! B Well. I remember sitting next to someone on a plane who was dressed in black and she looked pretty somber. the expression will create a great€!' impresslon. despite the person's beauty.how important are they? B Th€. Another example is the shrug . A Isnl that a bi! dangerous? I mean. Ask students to check the boxes for Exercise 3a.think of someone sitting with their legs extended.raising both shoulders. In most countries rt moons "Everything'Sfine". The first thing we notice about people. of course thars imporlant. How imporlant is that? B £x!remely imporlanl. 6a Play the audio agai n. and we often make up our minds. or even thai th€. Elicit adjectives from tile box to describe the woman. Ask students 10 work in pairs 10 complete the notes in Exercise 3b. in some countries it is extremely rude! Sa you can imagine Ihe impresslon that might gwe . when we storied talking. but if that person is miserable and frowning. I think of rt as being everything about our appeorance.~ means trouble! A I see. the following are likely: 1b 3 a or b 5 all 3 are possible 2 a ll 3 arc possible 4c 6 a or b 3 Listening ski lls Play the audio for Exercise 3a . R ead the adjectives aloud modeling the correct stress. Elicit descriptions from the class. the following are the best answers from 2e: 1b. she was roolly talkative and funny. However. su'perior. Do Ihe first as ao example. You may need to play the audio agai n. What about the face in oil lhis? B Well. Ask students in pairs to discuss Ule best answer in Exerc ise 2c . - Body language T 72 Unit7 .their build. How imperlant is thot? B I think gesture is one of the most imporlant things in forming our opinion of peopie and responding to them . A Now. Then put students in pairs to think which words describe the other people. ~ depends on your definition of body language. 2a. [The stress is on the first syllable of all the words listed. ~ A Fran Mast€!'s. re'/axed. standing upright but relaxed with your hands 00 your hips gives a sense of being in control and authoritative. 2 Speaking skills Point out the Usefu l Language and Language Note boxes before asking students to choose and describe the person they would like to meet in Exercise 2a . the way we carry ourselves. is their physical appearance .Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing Pronunciation intonation of feeling Ustening interview with an expert Speaking making inferences linkers expressing contrast personality about character Slar1lhe lesson by checking the meaning and pronunciation of the adjectives in exercise 1.you know . except for the following. A Okay. so someone in smarl business clothes is likely to be authoritative.for us it terlds to mean that the person is thinking. Take stroking your chin . Finally. but expression is more imperlanl. the more content and relaxed we are . how loll they are.. A You mentioned clothes .

Pause after each statement and ask the class to repeat..--. I can't wait for the interviC'N to be over. and there's my new boyfriend. later _ _ it altematM> 5 Pronunciation : intonation of feeling Play the audio for Exercise Sa. I went out iR spile R'W headoche. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Ask students to match statements to feelings. Write the following words in a list on the board: No Movies Yes Oh Homework Tonight Why not When Parents Tell students in pairs that they con put the words (but only these wordsl in any order to make a dialogue. Can Ilhink aboul it 0 liltle bit? I'm sorry. 2 3 4 5 6 Now. this is great. I'm sorry. When I first met he/she seemed . I'm not really sure. just listen.. Read through the Grammar Summary on page 78 with students before asking them to complete the sentences in Exercise 4b. Quick grammar guide: linkers Contrast linkers. Mmm .ite IRQ!! I~Q!j tired. using longuoge from the lesson. Give students time to practice their dialogues. etc. Addffional activity Ploy this papular intonation game. . using the expressions in Exercise 5d. elicit rules from them. .... Intonation is the 'music' of a language -the way the tone of our voice is used to express emotion and carry meaning. adverbs. Each type follows different form rules. {however. This is wonderful... Ask students to choose the correct linker in Exercise 4c and check with a partner. so irs Important to get students to exaggerate the wa>f the expressions are soid when they imitate the recording. Unit 7 T 73 Body language .. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. I'm not really sure. 322'-. the dialogues can be very funny. BosKally. I 2 3 q 5 6 Now. neverlheles$ or prepositions or prepositional phrases lin spite of. this is great. Then ask one or two individuals to repeat. despite!.. Tone range in English is very wide. or connectors. when I got to know him/her. Ask students to match statements to pictures.4 Grammar: lin kers expressing contras t After asking students to underline the linkers in the examples in Exercise 4a. the more extreme the intonation pottern is going to be. can toke several forms: they can be subordinoting conjunctions fa/though. Then ask a few pairs to oct out their dialogues for the closs. angry!. 'Nhich con be difficult for students to remember. This is owful . Students tend to forgel of in in spite of... Encourage students to exaggerate when they mimic the strong intonation potterns of the speakers.. With the correct intonation.). End this part of the lesson by getting students to ta lk in groups about mistaken first impressions in Exercise 4d. At first. This is awful. You say thot og<lin ond you1t be SOfry! Mmm . Help students prepare to speak about mistaken first impressions by writing some sentence starters on the board. the stronger the emotion (enthusiastic. just listen.. the chair is so comfortable ond reloxing. but I think we need to talk about your lost essoy_ This is wonderful .. he/she__ Although he/she~ he/she_. lJesf. Common problems and 8ITOfS Students often translate directly from their own language and confuse the form rules. I went to the party. he/she . End this Pllrt of the lesson by putting students in pairs to practice speaking with feeling. Play the audio again for Exercise 5h. However.

practice speaking with feeling. even though fin ding some people very u lendly. However.. 1 There is a danger of stereotyping people. .. You say that again and you'll Summary on pago 76 fi rst. 3 Student A: Say any of the short expressions below with one of the feelings in Exercise 5b. joins two clauses. I can't wait for the interview to be over. but I think we need to talk about 2 Mark proved to be very reliable despitelin spite of your last essay. precedes second sentence after a period . 6 This is wonderf ul . c Choose the correct linker in these sentences. the expression will create the greater • .. just listen.. 2 his laic arrival for the interview. Even though I€ verthele-mthey Really.. Body Ionguoge Unit7 . ~ c Listen and repeat the first few words of each 2 €Spite EJ I However his serious appearance. . he proved to be very reliable. in fac t she was a lot of fun to_be with. d In pairs... comfortable and relaxing. love their children as much as less !onnal parents. let's go. sho looked rather somber. impression.'ti by a comma ~ a Listen to six statements and match them with the b Complete each sentence below with as many people in the pictures. Try to remember an example and make notes. separatt. this is great. talk about the situat ion and contrast your first impressions with your final impreSSions. theiT chi ldren. Try to copy tho feelings. 1 nevertheless though 3 This is o wf ul . 4 Student 8 : Listen and say which feeli ng A is ex pressing... How are YOII ? And what 's next ? d Most of us have made a mistake at some point Come on. separated by a comma 2 . she was rea lly chatty and fun ny.. and there's my new but even though in spite of boyfriend. Read the notes in the Grammar 1 No w. linkers as possible. followed 5 PronunCIatIon : mtonati on of feehng by noun or . . Use the linkers fro m the be sorry! 3 examples and these: 2 Mm m . despite the person's beauty.. he statement. . 5 We try to mako everyone welcome ·n spite 0 Then SWAP ro les. In groups.. the chair is so 3 Mark arrived an hour late for his interview. ~ b Listen aga in and match the statements with these feelings. when judging a person. although you'd be amazed at how often firs t impressions are correct.4 4 Grammar: linkers ex pressing contrast a Read the examples from the interview and underline the linkers thai express contrast. followed by a comma 3 . 5 1 Mark proved to be very reliable 4 I'm /J o t really sure. a) serious l[) bl enthusiastic III cl relaxed f!) 1 ~ I Despite I thought she was going to be dl ansry [) eJ uncertain 11) 0 miserable lit a very boring person.ing. Can J think about it a little although/even thoughlthough he arrived at the bit ? 6 interview an hour late! 5 I'm sorry. 4 HoweverlNeverthelcss . Expressions 6 Somo paronts can be vory strict and fonnal with I really don '/ k no w.

Write them next to these rules for using -ing verbs. We use the . on publJc resume. discuss your responses to the statements in Exercise l c. ~aggeratln. 2 is the best form of exercise for allaround fi tness . I don't think reading other people's e-mails is serious when you share a computer with them because they know it might happen. J disagree with cheating. by calling. 3 I would never admit to _ _ to my boss or my teacher..J not sure:: 1 disagree:: I d'sagree strongly:: 0 ) ' enjoy. I Work ~ CaJUI1l n sick now and th en. terrorist activities in Europe in the ol'9. to receiving. H. I said "agree" for Number 1 because I reod my husband's e-m ail. !eavinj" Out informatIon from WoUldn't admtt Your income tal( f nOrmal _ orm Is !!" receivf~ too mUch everYOne money from does it.07uO's \l Number 4 is Jose h G b propaganda minister i~ N ~ bels.e was born and 80s. the e-malls intended fo other pe . 4 I really enjoy _ _ on the weekend in the winter.g. or er. honest are YOUl How 2 5' 3 6" 4 7 8 J think / J believe stealing is wrong.Dishonesty 1 Speaking skills a Are you a good judge of character? Wo uld you trust these people? In pairs. exaggerating 2 as the object of the sentence and after some verbs: ~ng. a story to make It more Interesting ISn't dishonest.s. 6 I've always hated people _ _ when they're not my parents or my boss.ng. then add up your score and read the analysis on page 149. who murdered al~:s~os. Give reasons for your response.eaYI:I1. by traveling.ing verb: 1 as the subject of the sentence: t. Number 3 is Uich Ram' also known as Corlos th lrex Sanchez. about my inthepasth qua. a Cash machine.ing verb a Look at the statements in Exercise 1c and underline tbe -ing verbs. an She Was executed in 2002 Number 1 is Bonnie P k committed bank rabbe .l!!!&. c In pairs. agree strongly:: 4 agree:: .readin&. e propaganda c How honest are you? Decide whether you agree or disagree with the statements below. y transPOrtation Without a ticket. I don·t think COPr'ng my classmates' Work for aSSignments .::!ake extra vacation is dishonest. who Number 2 is Aileen W seYen men . 5 _ _ is not very good for you if you suffer from high cholesterol. Hitler's master of the · big lie" _ th aZI Germany and 2 Grammar: the . decide if they are honest people. b Complete these sentences with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other words necessary. Then compare your answers with a partner.Hlcations on m traveli"J'.. Unit7 Body language . 1 I'm not interested in wasting time _ _ .. in Venezuela and Was li~k~~ol. USEFUL LANGUAGE about Jews. I'd try to get a jab & ve saved money !. Telling lies can be serious.. copying 3 after prepositions: by ty:. r op e In my family. b Read about the people and check how good a judge of character you are! the U S d ' h nes and murders in Clyd~ Barr~:9 t e ) 930s with her paOner Americon.

Afterwards. etc. _bock Body language T 74 Unit 7 . 2 Grammar: the -ing verb Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 2a in pairs before checking the rules as a class. point out the Useful Language box. write some of these errors on the board ond elicit corrections. Ask students to road the short texts in Exercise lb and check their answers. for political reasons to be executed = to be killed by the state for committing a crime •• Vocabulary check Ask students to do the quiz ill Exercise Ic individually and then chock their answers in pairs or groups. go oround the room. In Exercise 2c. o questionnaire Speaking discussing a moral dilemma. monitoring and noting mistakes made involving Coneclion -ing verbs. Answers will vary. Answers will vary.ing verbs when they speak. Also. to murder = to kill a person 10 commit a crime/murder/robbery = to "do" a crime a murderer = someone who kills a person a bank robber = someone who takes money from 0 bank a terrorist = someone who kills people using bombs. Encourage students to use .Objectives Grammar the -ing verb Topic: being honest or dishonest Reading a short story. end this part by getting students to discuss Ute questionnaire in exercise Ic in pairs. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 2b and then check in pairs. etc. a role-ploy Write on the board: Introduce the 10pic tell the truth tell a lie tell a white lie Ask Are you an honest person? Do you always tell the truth? In what situations should you never lie? In what situations is lying acceptable? 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to briefly discuss the pictures in Exercise la . elicit answers from the class and ask why students thought the people were honest or dishonest Ifor example: He/She lias worlll eyes. At the end of the activity. a nervous smile. You may wish to check students' understanding of the "crime" vocabulary in the text. As students discuss the questionnaire.).

Answers to Exercise 3c will be individual. Remind students about the Glossary.. ask them to look at page 146 and read their role card carefully. ask them to discuss the site. say. Monitor and help with vocabulary. Then match one pair with another to form a grou p of four to do the role-play in Exercise 4b. but. 4 Speaking skills Ask students to read the newspaper extract in Exercise 4a and in pairs make a list of possible opinions. Give a time limit of. Answers: 1 A consultant 2 He felt he was charging a company an exorbitant fee. ask the class whether the minister's advice was the same as their advice. Encourage students to discuss their answers with a new partner. Surely it's beller to / important to .ti 3 Reading skills Give students a couple of minutes to fead and think about the questions in Exercise 3a. Ask students to list the opinions of their "character" in note form and add any from exercise 4a . 3 He didn't know whether he should be honest and resign or not. In Exercise 3b. Then put them in small groups to discuss their answers. Building . 4 He felt a responsibility to his family . When the students are ready. . and ask each student in each group to choose one: A local resident 8 social worker C member of local Chamber of Commerce o local doctor When students have selected their role. Unit 7 T 75 Body language . and then ask them to check their answers with a partner. Remind students that tbey have to come to a decision about what to do about the site. would be .a responsibility to earn. eight minutes. Write the roles on the board. have students work individually to find the answers to these questions. After students complete Exercise 3d. I see your point. Presentation altemative Write some useful language on the board to help students with the role-ploy: I think / I believe we should.

I need someone to talk to. " I worked for months to get this job. . answer these questions. increastng\y have become rnptY plot dasthce • conccrne attracting drug has been eleSS people. . g star ts at . Be honest! 1 When you need someone to talk to.000. in the Cl~J e a n'lC eung tY since fir d h as been ern:P 'wl t\\lO \ an the old hoSP1 destroyed _1 residents and \oC<u ." H e was on a first assignment with a wcll~kJl ow n consulting firm in New York City. evaluating the operating of a fail ing company in Bangor. d hom . discuss what you think might be the opinions of the poople who live near the land. ceun . " I've been walking up and down the street wondering if I should disturb you. though it's easy to see many faults in its operation and cite remedies." he said. who do you turn to? 2 Would you resign from a job if you had to do something you believed was wrong? 3 Would you resign from Ihal job if you and your family needed the money? II Read tho story on the right and answer the questions below. Maine. 4 Speaking skills a Look at the newspaper extract. yearS ago. expec .3" h ostilitY . addiCts an for the site IS ntn\an . Should I resign and tell the board of the company how I feci? My responsibility to my family disturbs me. {row \oc 6. discuss these questions.my. The rn and all are tomorrow evetUJlg wel corne . consIdering the moral implications of your decision. b met With te d to be a1 residents. 1 How do you think the minister responded to the man's request? 2 What would you have advised the man to do? 3 What do you think the man did in the r end? d To find out how the story ends. But. the consultants were to determine the reasons fo r the losses of the comp. imagine you are al the meeting. The . going to be di tflCt 1S EstfeUas s '" evening at decided tOIUorro\ '"" hall. a man knocked on the door of a minister late at night. For a fcc of $25. " It's just what S 3 What wns his moral dilemma? 4 How did his fa mily affect the moral dilemma? c In pairs. Do I have the right to renounce a good salary and impose hardships on my fa mily until I get another job?" GLOSSARY delermine find oul absorb (here) pay without finding illoo difficult render a service give/offer 8 service b In groups of four. Your teacher will give you roles from p~gc ~4G. Body language Unit . I am convinced that we are charging this company a n exorbitant fcc far beyond its power to absorb and far beyond the proper charge for the services we arc rendering. homeless. In pairs. Come to a decision about the site. 1 What was the man's job? 2 What was the problem he perceived with h is job? A Moral Dilemma everal years ago in Bangor.3 Reading skills a Before you read. wanted. the notoriOUS The fate of d in the Las \ t onan vacant p o . H e said. look at the bottom of the page. and to chart a way to profits. 's The cur r e l' the CItY uild a hostel for a1 is to b ut this propOs .

then answer the questions.::..~dO :~:t~~e interviewer JIly~.ke or bres.wing the interview room.. b Read the ad for a fundraiser. rson's co:aununica. people eVal uate one ual (appearance) . would you discount any oftha applicants in the pichlres? c L pairs.\ne ds ro. . percent nonverbal COJOlll~k the connection dewrro.ti°C:t~on... but trai ning will be provided. W e are looking for people with a creative streak and lots of imaginatio n. What can you guess about the people in the pictures? ACCOr ()1D. Your interpersonal skills will be essential in establishing a rela tionship with potential donors. the "Three Vs"': visaU say) . The ideol candidates will be commiHed to ecological and green issues and will be passionate and enthusiastic when dealing with both the public and with other organizations. k eep betWeen tWO llUU tun.. He/She looks I looks like . list the qualities and skills necessary for n tho job advortised. Unit 7 Body longuoge .- 1 Warm u p a Read tho toxt below. and to help us ra ise the funds necessary to continue our research.. the first Of::: the first 30 S~~le when they roe et :~t"View. AbOut 93 another usi.g to one UCLA.a. 2 What can yo u guess about their past? He/She m ightlcouJd have .ng and verba. studY. Moreover.l ( what Y ffectiveness is vocal (voice). What would you say about those aspect s? appearance nonverbal communication oyo contact han dshake backgrou nd oducati onallovel commun ication skills confidence voice Candidates will ideally have experience in working for a charity.~ .bOut y o xt tune you're on an dra. 1 What do you th ink the people are like? He's/She's the kind of person who . On the basis of appearance alone.'~: even gotten to in u before conclusions a.Rainforest ~Research Rainforest research is looking for experienced fund raisers to ioin our team! We need highly motivated people to raise public awareness of the problems faci ng rainforests today. w ho will be able to think of and manage original but successful fundraisi ng projects.

be enthusiastiC: be positive. make eye conlad. finn Background : well-traveled. need to have worked with people: an interest and knowledge of environmental issues Educational level: well-educated but no need to be very intelligent Communication skills: need to be very good Confidence: h igh . friendly. Ask students to read the ad in Exercise l b and discuss the question . warm. Then put students in pairs to list qualities and skills under the headings in Exercise l c. making a presentation Write on the boord: A job interview. Ask If you wont 10 make 0 good impression of a job interview. enthusiastic. wear a suit. Monitor and help with ideas. She looks confiden t and easy-going. Some possible answers ore: licil dress smartly. whol is il importonllo do? Introduce the topic E answers and write a lisl on the boord. She's shy. She may have worked in public relations. smile. the passive interviewers' notes Ustening an interview ponel Speaking assessing candidates. perhaps arrogant.but not overly so (arrogant) Voice: clear. She might not have been to a job interview before. enthusiastic Non-verbal communication: good posture: confident manner Eye contact: need to be good at making eye contact. the post. smiling eyes Handshake: strong. Ho looks confident. CVs. prepare what you won/lo say. Ho might have worked for a high-powered company. He looks like a movie star. e ncourage lots ofspccullllion. Possible list: Appearance: smart casual. As students report their answers to the class . Anna is the kind of person who is very quiet at parties. 1 Warm up Ask studonts to do Exercise 1a in pairs. be polile.Objectives Grammar Topic: interviews Reading dedudion and possibility in job ods. positive •• Bodylonguoge T 76 Unil7 . smiling. Louise is the lcind of person who likes to be friendly and helpfu l. Suggested answers: Matthew is tho kind of person who doesn't like people to be late. arrive on time.

and that kind of thing. finonciol planning. Start the role-play. When students are ready. Her interpersoool skills orenl really good enough. Ask students to copy the table in Exercise sb into their notebooks. I thought 01first that her theater we've interviewed today.so he might hove thought at first tho! the job didn't offer enough challenges.nice smile.she must hove done exactly whot we wonl in the Greenpeoce iOb . she should learn that in a couple of weeks. good experience in fundroising and managing money . I didn't think she was 100 confident. I do. but then he improved during the interview. degree is right Matthew likes a challengo. and make notes. She'd be good at the personal side of the job. not excited obout the job. Wei.rtywaoJ. TeU the interviewers to briefly list the points they wish to make to each candidate.. Answers: For Anna experience in fundra ising and managing money. Do you? A Yes.2 Task Divide students into groups of four to read the infonnation. not excited about the job Elicit answers from the class before asking students for their own opinion.. she lacks a key skill. let's do thot. A I agree.she WOSfi't really right fOI' '"""'" ""'. Ncm. she kept looking over my shoulder. B Me. eye contact was bad. ~'-----------------~----~~--------------------------------------. NIaIIhew .tlen we talked oboullhe travel potef1lial. he did. A Yes. usually by questioning someone thoroughly. Play the audio again. Ask students to refer back to tho list they made in exercise l e. let's go and tell them the news . and irs what we need. if we send her on a training course. Okay. thors one job filled. Go around the class. in Exercise 5c. Okay. you know.nico smile..her 0 eye conlOO wos bod. When eliciting answers from the class. liked travel potential Louise pleasant manner . B Yes.. she really needs 1 wort. Subdivide the groups and allow the two interviewers and three interviewees five minutes to prepare. 4 Feedback Pair up groups. good eye cootOCf. the Greenpeoce job mUSl hove involved more office work thon our job. A A liII1e 100 confident. look. make sure students understand that debriefing means finding out information about a past action or event. il ~ 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. too. I think we should offer him one of the jobs. B True. B Mmm. would be good at the personal side of the job. Ihe "". and from whol Anno said. kept looking over my shoulder. He gol more interesled v. although Anna hod the key experience and skills. She might I liked him. theater management experience not relevant: a little too confi dent . good eye contact. buI it isn1 really. find out which candidates students would recommend and why. Encourage the interviewers to be diplomatic in what thoy say. we'd better look at the three candidates hove hod some personal problems or B Yeah. possible personal problems at first seemed a bit indi fferent. gel 0 better ideo of how QUickiy she might pick up the financial side. 6 Follow up Before dividing the class into groups of fi ve for Exercise 6a. 3 Prepare Ask students to remain in the same small groups and follow the instructions to propare for the group presentation. I dOll't think we can management experieoce may hove been B Yes. at first I lhought louise would hove beerl ideal buI she locks a key skiI. though her degree is exoctly right. B No . Ask the chairperson of each group to prescnt their ideas to the other group. maybe? qualifications not exactly relevant Against Greenpeace job more office work than this job. A No. A So. B No. Now. Ask students to listen and note the outcome. well he sold he likes a challenge . who! did yoo think of Anno? ""'good' A Well. on those . Have students listen and make notes. and tho! ki'ld of thing. She's got a very pIecsont manner . Go around monitoring and noting any mistakes for later discussion. I think thars her manner. /Jo. I wonder why she hod those two years out from 2000 to 2002. A Good ideo.and he must hove hod plenty of those in advertising . maybe? And her Quolificalioos oren1 exactly relevant. financ ial planning. I think we should get her bock for a SC(ond interview. discuss i t. Rnonciol planning is key! We hove 10 hove someone who coo do thot! A Well. on interesting guy. r r Unil7 T 77 Body language . something. Well. Answer: They offer Matthew a job and ask Louise to come back for a second in terview.. I thought at first he seemed a bit indifferent. with tho interviewers faci ng the candidates. she didn't wont 10 tell us. End the lesson by discussing the questions in Exercise 6b . sending her on a course should help. relevant. helping with vocabulary and ideas. ask them to sit a circle of five . interpersonal skills aren't really good enough.

then respond to the interviewers when they are ta lking to you. 1 How did you feel about tho debriefing meeting? Z After the debriefing meeting. Ce rtificate in The ~ sutant) f~_ • Mana ater Management Interviewers' notes ger. G enpeace Fundralser. Harden BiochemiCals Research assIstant . In groups. Would you recommend each one or not? 3 Prepare In your groups. Interviewers: Prepare your feedback for each candidate. Matthew. Think about the fo llowing: 1 How will you arrange your presentation? (by candidate. a You are going to hold the debriefi ng meetings with the three candidates. Work in groups of five and take these roles: the two interviewers. f Maryland (Environmental UniversIty 0 Studies) . by skill. . then give the resu lt of the interview to each candidate in tum and tell them why they got I didn 't get the job.2006 xperie nce : '- . Lyric Theater 4 Feedback Present your analysis and recommendations to another group. Candidates: Talk 10 each olber about how the interview went fo r you. Do you agree with their recommendations? Can you add anything? 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people discussing the candidates after the interviews.) 4 Appoint a chairperson to take notes for the presentation. b In the whole class. When they are talking to the other candidates. etc?) 2 What language will you need to compare the candidates? 3 What are your final recommendations? (Remember. there is more than one job.2002 2003-2004 Work experience 2004-2006 Qualifications I~& ~~ ~ in Media Studies . read the information above and make notes about each candidate. and Louise. Then Iislen to their presentation. What is tho outcome of their discussion? ~ b Listen again and note the points made for and against each candidate. discuss these questions. prepare a three·minute presentation of your recommendations 10 presenl 10 other groups. re Louise Jj.1998 1998-200 0 work 2002. experience. Anna.Matthew Candidate information Anna 'ucation 1995. Anna Matthew Louise Fo. listen and offer advice afterwards. Aga inst c Did you agree with the docisions ofthe interviewers in Exercise Sa? 6 Follow up 2 Task You are going to present your assessment of the best candidate for the job.U. would you change any of the decisions? Body language Unit 7 .

add an idea thai makes a previously mentioned idea surprising or less true in spite of. although. keep. Compare with a partner and explain your choices. 5 thin . . Followed by a comma. Complete this table with one adjective with a similar meaning to the one provided. We can use a variety of forms of contrast. 2 _ _ is the ideal way 1 learn a foreign language.t qualifications. VV'hen the subordinate Clause comes first. however. The Slbor'dnate clause can come frst or second h the sentence.. 4 AlthOugh I am not an expert in computers. we finished it in time. pessimistic neM>US team new • as the complement or object after some verbs: Yotx WOfSt habit is lying to me! I really hate rushing to finish assignments.. suggest.". ~ 2 Personality adjectives academic athletic changeable active authoritative 2 The -in9 verb We use the -ing verb in the fOllOwing ways: • as the subtect of the sentence. cI"Wl ears eyebrows eyelids eyes face forehead lips mou1h """ Make combinations of these adjectives and a noun from the list above. avoid. enjoy. makes the maln idea surprising He got the job in spite of / despite his long hair. 1 _ _ is the best way to be successful in your career. sane people are not happy 800ut this. was a very difficult job. I look forward to _ _ " Choose three adjectives which describe you and three which are not like you at all. i"lO'Nev€r". 2 I enjoy my work/studies althOugh . Complete these sentences with your own words. """ though intrOduce a second idea thai makes the mai"I idea SI. I in spite of some people not being happy about this. INhen the ~te clause comes first. despite Introduce a second idea thai It was a very difficult job. despite is fl'lOI'e formal than in spite of.happy • after the following common verbs: like. we separate the clauses with a comma.. he £Ptthe job.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Linkers for contrast The lable below Shows a number of ways in which we can compare and contrast two ideas. before the main vern: cheerlul deprossed extroverted Introverted outgoing quiet Studying hard is the only way to pass the exam. In spite of I despite having long hair.. Note: in American English we can also use to + infinitive after like and hate: I hate to be late. Complete these statements with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other necessary words. 1 an angular face 6 7 hewy e)!elids 2 a promineflt 3 full D21!fl a high fo r ehead lins l ips 4 buShy eyebro ws • 9 10 bloodshot a poijnted sticking-out e)!e!. 4 One thing I enjOy doing in my free time is _ _ " 5 Vv'hen I have enough money. .! chin 3 I don'! earn much money. advertls: precede a second sentence: usucilly after a period but can be after a AlthOugh she had the right Qt. ". with little change to the sentence: We often judge people by appearances but/ though some people may not be happy about this. prepositions: follov. U. dislike. Adjective t ne<VOUS -- prodictabIe Shy threatening untrustworthy """""" su"""' "'" Similar meaning Opposite meaning oa1~ • after a preposition: He apologized for being late for tile Interview.'ed by a noun oc-ing form of the verb. We often judge people by appearances in spite of the fact that some people are not happy about this.x:Jge people by appearances. 1 In spite of being a good student at school. She didn't get the Pb even IflcxJgh she had the ng.gy untrustworth y outgoi ng rel axed {Iuick . It sam-colon. However/Nevertheless. 0 3 _ _ Is important if you ' <i. hate. arn::! one with an opposite meaning. .I<Wfications. mind. Nevertheless. . Vocabulary Summary 1 The face We often. d91y. Reading lots of books is the best way to ~ demanding edgy intelligent optimistic quick-thinking slow-witted arrogant aggressive bad-tempered calm coofident conl ent dishonest easy-going honest indifferent . Write or talk about the contrasts in your life. Unit7 Body language . miss.XpI'isi"lg Fonn Example SLtJordilating c:orlu1ctkxls: join a mail clause arx:l a subordinate clause. though. she didn't get the Pb. 'M3 separate the clauses 'Mth a rorrvna.thinking 2 dishonest honest introverted demanding slow·wilted 3 extroverted 4 easy-going 5 intelligent want to lead a good life in my country. we finished it in time.

spd/. A ~ can. look at the stress in the phrasal verb in the extract.500 most frequently used words in the English language. . look at the headword face.. ~ b Look at the dictionary entries 00 page 154 and see if you can add anything to the group's lisl. Then discuss these questions.he S ~~~~~~I~i?§~~:}t~~nt~ ':t"Jn~~: ~~ omg 5th I just exists fact that she still miss~ h' had to face the 4 [T] to talk to someone Wh~~tn .>UU"i/1P'Y 1 'Nhal did you think about the anecdote? 2 Ive there arTf questions you want to ask about the story? 3 can you make My suggestions 10 rnprove it? O~ ". a You have to accept that if you don't study. Is the main stress on the fr.hft.. If you aren't working with one. idioms or phrases. The three red stars mean thai it is one of the 2. • face doin th M e P10spect workers faa! losin~ ~heir of the shipyard . The COuntry is now faced Withc. %~re:gb~rr~~sing: I'll never be ablelStg:~ult 5 T t am GJ ter what happened. you'll fail the exam. you shoukl be working with an effective monolingual dictionary. Body language Unit7 . General organization face} I retsl verb *** 5 compete against sb + PHRASES + PHRASAl VERB -J L. list all the ways a dictionary can help you. 3: fa~~t·~~~~r~l~s:nar~~i~~~~l~St person does f repr:sen.ing form Pronunciation 1 \'Vhich is the stressed syllable in faceless? fa ce 2 PtvasaI verbs are made of a verb plus one or two prepositions and adverbs. if you don't study. exchange and rBad your partner's anecdote. How many definitions of this verb are thefe? five 2 Each headwooj is followed by a number of different categories of words.z Z (!) Using a monolingual dictionary 1 How a dictionary can help you a In grouPS. tf ' fi . vefbs or the prepositiorv'adverb? the preposition 3 Think about stress and say this sentence: Face up to your responsibilities Your action pla n: exploring idioms and compounds Look at the entry for eye and the compound entries that follow it on page 157 al the back of your book and complete the task on page 156.h Wit.. ace conference. I fels. Italy will face Brazil in Lhe final of tlie World Cup. § ~ IX . you 'll fail the exam.Macross thfie ta·ble.U 1 be turned to 2 deal with problem 3 accept 4 talk to sb 1 look al the headword for the verb face. g>ed Joy <>pJ. c I want an apartment that looks onto a park I want an apartment that faces the park. ~ o > o Cl. I<J<] REVIEW Review your actio n pla n: writing an interes ting s tory In pairs.h~Bon~.' y room aces north [T] if you face a problem or if it Ii you have to deal with it" be f d ~hes YOU. phrasal verbs. or have never worked with one. it's time to get startedl You are going to work on the word face. phrasal verbs.1m -nd .Yn in this dictionary? in italic 3 Rewrite these senteoces USilg a form Of the verb face. lilT] i::t 2 Is the p/YasaI verb face up to transitive or intransitive? transitive 3 WtJch two forms can follow can 't face? noun. b Italy will have to play against Brazil in the final of the World Cup.e". .t a large organization ecause they ace. Now answer the questions that follow the extract. • I turn:~ {~%~e 2 ..hftl noun [Cj 1 a medical operation to make someone's face look younge~ 2 work that is done to make someth¥lg look more attractive ay. Note: you will need to show these notes to a classmale at the end of Unit 8.. ~.u~~~1.~.f. phrases. Grammar 1 What part of speectl is the 'NOId faceless? adjective left it 'until t~~d':z~~ic:. Put this list into the order thai they appear in the dictionary: compound nouns.U L. 2 Using a monolingual dictionary At this level of English.~:~h. compound nouns 3 How many p/vasaI verbs are listed undef the headword face? one Meaning 1 How many definitions are given for faceIfft? two 2 How are examples sho\. w~llfi~cec°Campepte/agfiamst someone: Williams ria I or the title !A~] ~yat~c~~~~itt~ ~~~~n:~tion to have your face or front toward omeone or something' The two m fh~~~~he."i/ . It is in red because it is frequently used.~d' ~:tyO~~ it is true: Let's face it.54~. Let's face it. ~e do . Iby sth of war. hdp ""' ckd.C~~~P~~~%~~:.gth: c~on'1'e work. can t ace attending another let's fac~ it spoken used before saying somethmg that people might not want t ~J~.

. It was a normal fight H Scharfma n.s . 2 3 11 captures 4 It i s spontaneous .. ' ewasmy . reporters on the UK Observer newspaper ch~se the 50 best sports photographs of aU time. not a great story behind this Picture. Herb actually had first choice of seats was a bit annoyed when I got so I 500m had already won the 800m gold . ~ .The great picture shaw What makes a great sports picture? In 2003. bul . Read each captIon and match it with the correct picture. victory. It captures a mo ment af great emo tio n: rage. the great SPOrts' erb If/ustrated h t t p a ographer was there 00 ~ he's the one that you can ~ behind the champion's legs. But this time 0 was beaten by Sebastian Cae: -I couldn't see Steve. It all happened so fast I loved shooting this man h . the Moscow OlympiCS. Which picture do you think is the best? Number them in order of preferonceand note your masons. And he's got a dean background. Steve Ovett.. The onxiety over the lost meters wos unbeorob! h~m~n being. picture that sums up this great player beautifully . 1 B ~ It captures a great event: action. a Look at the text and the pictures.. I'm not sure which is the best picture. !he fovorite fOf tt . ecstasy. ® There's © '--' The moment the world 01 athletics 'NOS Mood upsid e down. th iS shot. the essence of a great competitor : deter mined. the race for the finishing line. Justify your preferences w ith reference to the quaht\es III the text. movement..aVOrlte subiect Such a WOnderful I· A lew meters post the line I sonk to my knees. It's a a Th e~e are the captions that accompanied the photographs. was now funning lor the tope knowing 1had hit my limit. The more popular place to go for in big games is at ground level.more than iust a great sports picture.- GLOSSARY mesmerizing very attractive. defeat.it hasn' t been specially set up by the photographer. I've just been out to MIChigan to shoot him again. S It is timeless . causing you to watch UnitS Sports . It was such a bloody marvelous leliel. . b In group. fearless . h~ . The expressions on their faces and the fact that they aU look as thOugh they are about to run off in different directions is wonderful. Cae crosses the line to toke the 1500m gold ..it did take five or six players to take him out! He was a mesmerizing player and what the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. co~pare your answers.the race Cae . all of which illustrate qualities thot make a great sports picture.. 1 Speaking skills USEFUL LANGUAGE Whot I like about this picture is ' 0' f don't know why llike 1M!.had dreamed about for years. Which is the most popular picture in your group/class? 2 Reading skills What I love about the picture is that the phOtographer has gone up high into the stands. Among thelT choices were these three pictures. picture.

Then div ide students into groups of four to six to discuss their proforonc(ls in Exercise l b. rage = extreme anger ecstasy = extreme happiness determined '" really wonting to win/succeed fearless". choose a pidure and describe it: What/like about this picture is it /s spontaneous. In other words. Introduce !he topic . They should scan each text for clues as to which pict ure it describes. name the sport.the moment of winning . S ports T 80 Unit8 . not afraid Vocabulary check Z Reading skil ls Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a quickly.Objectives Grammar Topic: sports Vocabulary Reading noun clouses using whquestion words track and field extracts from a sports magazine Speaking ronking photographs according to criteria Write Olympic Sports on the boord. and lell you what is happening or has just happoned in each picture.and he beats his great rival and teammate Sieve Ovett. It is a good idea to model the task first. Elicit as many sports as you con from students and write them on the board... Give students two minutes to rank the pictures in order of proference for Exercise 10. Presentot. C The ath letics (track and fiel d) picture: Sebastian Cae ofC reat Britain wins tho l S00-meter gold medal at the Moscow Olympics in 1980 . Give students a one' minute time limit to do this. The lext is short.on alternative You may need to check if students understand some difficult words connected with emotions and qualities. T hen compile a closs lisl on the board. Ask students which sports they enjoy playing or watching and why. Afterwords. ask the class which words helped thorn answer the question.. Draw their attention to tho Useful Language box. The photographer has captured a brief momenl. put students in pairs 10 write their own lisl.give them two minutes to do it. so you cou ld road it aloud while students listen and read. 1 Speaking skills Ask studen ts to look at the pictures. H Tho boxi ng picture: Muhammed Ali knocks oul an opponent. A~ernolively. Answers: A The soccer picture: Diego Maradona of Argentina fa ces the lJelgian defonse in the semi-fi nal of the World Cup in 1986.

. Do the first sentence in exercise 3d as an example. Answers: Here the noun clauses are subjects. A good way to manage this activity is to leave them to work through the activities at their own speed. then check their answers with the Grammar Summary on page 88. 3 the fi nishing line. Unit 8 T 81 Sports . beginning with a question word. ca n be confusing for students because (unlike yes/no questionsl there is no inversion or use of question-forming auxiliaries after the question word. take . For example. Oul must be a phrasal verb. We use noun clauses as subjects when we want to emphasize them . in Exercise 3a. for example: What/like about soccer is the ball skills. I'd like to know R9W €lees f::Ie play so wel/. Common PfOb'ems and errors Students often attempt to apply question forms 10 Ihe clauses. take . Then ask them to use other neighboring words to help them decide what the words might mean. Noun clauses. out must mean defeat or stop. Presentation 0_ •• Ask students to complete Exercise 3d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. So. Nobody knows WRI' i5 Re so good. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2c. For example. or by that + a clause (= subject + verb + object). 2 photograph. briefly check the groups' answers. . clauses Have students do Exercise 3b in the same way. At the end. Have them appoint one person as the timekeeper for the group. 4 at the end of my physical reserves. Those who finish early will have longer to do the discussion in exercise 4d. five or six players are needed 10 do this. then answer the questions. What/like about soccer is that the players are so skillful. 4 Vocabulary: track and field Have students work in pairs or groups of three or four to do Exercises 4a to 4d. 5 an excessive amount t ·· a Quick grammar guide: noun 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) Have students underline the noun clauses. Suggested answers: 1 stop him. Guessing meaning from context Ask students to work out what port of speech the word or phrase is. Let students work in pairs. Point out that is needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase. Ask them to work indiv idually and then compare their answers with a partner..Ask students to match the captions to the phrases in Exercise 2b. with an overall lime limit of ten minutes..

b Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 88. 8 I can't understand the menta lity of sports fans who . How Bre these different from 1. it is the fastest creatu re on earth. but an ant can lift 50 times its own weight.. using the criteria in the box and any others you can think of.l the high jump sprintin).... 2 Herb couldn 't understand how I got such a good shot. the kangaroo rat can jump 10 ti mos its own length. Underline the noun clause in each sentence. a cheetah a flea a kangaroo a dolphin an ant 1 sprinting : the cheetah can run 100 meters in five seconds.. how. 13. . 2: What I dislike about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . 2 What the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. c Wh ich sport wou ld these animals excel in? Write the sport in the sentences below. 1 What I like about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . Which ono describes (or which ones describe) the fo llowing? 1 a great personal ity A. a Which question words in troduce the clauses? what .b Read the captions again. 6 It always amazes me in big soccer or football games how . 3 Lot me tell you why . Unit S . Verb swim do lhe longjump do Ih ~ higlu ump sprint di vl' lift weights Ihro\\ the ja\'clin Sport swimming long jU1I1J... 2. . C 6 great emotion B. and 3 above? Why do you th ink this is? 1 What J love about the picture is that the photographer has gone up high into the stands. why b Are the noun clauses the subject or the object of the sentence? the object b Now look at these sentences from the captions a nd underline the noun clause. Figu re out what they mean from the context. 1 The perspective of the picture is what I love about this one. 1 boxer 2 soccer player 3 runner 4 basketba ll pl ayer 5 weight-lifter 6 race car dri ver abi lity to ru n/jump speed strength hand-eye coordination love of danger ability to work in a team stamina determi nation I think whot mokes a great boxer is .er sprinter diver weightlifter javelin thrower 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) a Look at these quotes describing tho pictures .! diving wei&.. c Check your answers in the Gra mmar Summary on page 88.htlift ill8 the javelin Person swimmer longlwnper his!Lj ume.. C 3 an unusual perspective for a picture A 4 movement A . 2 a great event A.. e Com pare your ideas with the rest of the class. d What makes a great athlete? In pairs. 7 What attracts me to watching sports on television is . 2 high jump : a fl ea can jump 100 centimeters high .. 5 One thi ng I don't understand about sports is why . Then answer the questions.that means it accelerates fa ster than the space shutt le! 3 long jump : a kangaroo can jump 13 meters. 1 take him out {A} 2 shot (8) 3 the tape (C) 4 hit my limit (C) 5 unbearable (C) 4 Vocabulary: track and field a Complete the table with the correct nouns or verbs. 3 You can see from this picture why Coe was such a great competitor. C c Find the following words or expressions in Exercise 2a. at a speed of up to 46 kilometers an hour. C 7 the race for the fini shing li ne C 8 professional rivalry B.. discuss these athletes.... is my fa vorite sport : 4 What I really like Idon't like about the Olympic Games is . C 5 victory B. 5 weightlifting : a real ly strong man can li ft twice his own weight. 4 swimming : dolphins can travol great distances in the water without stopping.. Then compare them with a partner. d Complete these sente nces with your own words.

Brazil. and others to defend themselves.. the slave owners prohibited it. 2 People sometimes do volunteer work . It has become very popular in recent years. do a handstand to move away. wouldn 't feel scared in the streets at mght. Find mor~ ways of expressing purpose in the texts. Try to make at least one negative sentence. GLOSSARY martial to do with war or fighting suppleness being able to move and bend your body easilv '- UnitS Sports . or twist away. The first record of it dates from 1770. about capoeira. others do it to keep fit.. . 2 Grammar: expressing purpose a A common way of expressing purpose is with to: I took up karate 10 keep fit. and martial arts. 4 Everyone should eat a balanced diet.. 3 We should try to use our cars less . the slaves made it look like a dance. 1 Some peop le take up a martia l art .1 Reading skills a In pairs. discuss the pictures. So in capoeira you might head butt an opponent. read about two martial arts. gymnastics. Student A: Read the text below. Would you prefer to take up karate or capoelra. omg.. so as to fight their masters. too: I took up judo so as nollo I so that I . b Complete these sentences with an expression of purpose and your own words.. Student B: Read the text about karate on page 150. c Ask your partner these questions about their text. WhIch verb forms follow the expressions? Why?/Why not? capoelra Capoeira was originally an African martial art imported to Brazil along with African slaves. It consists of a number of movements based on attack and evasion. 1 2 3 4 Where did the sport originate? When did it originate? Why do people practice the sport? What are its main movements? d . so the slaves practiced it secretly in the forest In order to disguise it from their masters. LANGUAGE NOTE We can use the expressions of purpose in the negative. Soon.. drop onto your elbovvs and kick. 2 What is the purpose of these sports? 3 Do you do any sports like these? Why? b In pairs. It was developed by the slaves in Bahia. Some people see it purely as a way of enjoying themselves. 5 A lot of people do yoga or meditate. • Martial arts: Capoeira is now mainly known as a mixture of dance. after the early years of slavery. 1 What are the people in the pictures d· . It involves both strength and suppleness.

.. you give students preparation Hme so that they are ready to answer queslions. ond it gives you on opport unity to mix pairs in the classroom. Be careful: so is used twice in the text with the meaning of consequently." unci who is going to be "B.you can toke 0 cob. Ask students to give you examples of martial arts I.lell students in pairs to decide who is goi ng to bo "A . Let st udents check in pa irs. ask one or two As to summarize the answe rs from B's text. throw twist self-defense confidence keep fit Ask How are these words related /0 martial artS? •• 1 Reading skills Ask stude nts 10 work in pai rs to do Exercise l a. philosophical way of life Allack with foot and hands..balance and hip ro tation Divide the class into A poirs and B poirs. Check answers wit h the class briefly.000 years ago Self-defense. a nd B pairs read text B. ~. A poirs read text A. which includes h ow to form tho nogative of an expression of purpose using those phrases. Then ask thorn to take turns to ask and answer tho q uestions in Exercise l e. here. who ha s read the some text. toe kwon do. and point o ut tho rules of uso and form. Write on the board: Introducethetopk bell /dc.. so as to fight their masters .. Then they discuss it with their portner. Students then ask a nd answer the questions.udo.~----------------------~ For Exercise 4 on page 83 ::wi Sometimes irs scary walking home at night. and vice versa. kung fuJ. in order 1 and so as to a re used to express purpose.. To. Model a nswers: Some people take up a martial art to keep fit. So (thaI) is 0. They hove to make sure they can answer the questions and explain difficult words to each other. drop to elbows. karole. handstand. 10 defend themselves Complete tho fi rs t son te nce in Exercise 2b as an exa mple to get stude nts sta rted . ond I do_ Sports T 82 Unit 8 . but I started it in order to feel safer.. Some people take up a martial art so thai they know how to defend themselves. You don't hove to walk at nig ht here . " Ask them to road their texts carefully. . Aftcrwurds. keep fi t. . Draw attention to the Languago Note ... They are followed by on infinilive. kick. twist away Karote lndia 2. In order to disguise it . Quick grammar guide Answers: . II is not. so thai you can use Ihem with force and accuracy . force comes from hips .Objectives Grammar Topic: martial arts and parts of the body Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading extract from a Writing Ustening expressing purpose ports of the body w eak forms with l'd/ martial arts book on advice leaflet on security a radio phone-in Wrile Martial Arts on the board. For Excn:ise l h . By doing this. so I took up karate to feel stronger. to keep fit . defend themselves Allack and evasion: head bUll . Answ ers: Capooim Africa Beforo 1770 To en joy themselves.. followed by a clouse. Discuss student s' responses to Exercise 1d as a w hole class. Karate may not really make me sofer. Then mix students so that As are paired with Bs. - altemative 2 Grammal': ex press ing purpose Write studen ts' findings from Exercise 2a on the board. but I need to save money.. T hen as k a few ind ividuals to read their sen tences aloud for the class. to feel more prepared. Point out the Clossary. on expression of purpose. then as k them 10 use their imagination to w rite sentences. Some people take up a martial art in order to enjoy themselves.

Is thot useful? Expert Yes. Allie. It should not be necessary to pause the recording for them to write. as though you know where you're going. what happened? Caler 2 Well. Ask students to read through steps 1 to 4 carefully. keep to well-lit streets where there are lots of people. it 5 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise Sa once through and then check answers. but our first advice would be not to put yourself in any s~uotion 'Nhere there might be danger. encourage students to take notes as they liston. walk toll. Thank you. Well. Words which ore commonly unstressed. So. For Exercise 6b seat each group of six in a circle or around a table. Host Okay. I'd just like to soy that irs not just women who are anocked at night. You don" have to walk at night here . I live in New York: and sometimes irs scary wolking home at night. if he's attacked again? Expert If you get in a situation that you can't avoid. After Exercise 6c. Clues: in a place you don't know. look ahead. but if you coli aut "Firel". there's alilhe obvious advice.. donl go down alle-ywoys or into badly·lit areas if you con help it. yes. shin. AI limes. thars true. the!. I understand that you feel safer. if you call out "Helpr. Ti 6 Writing skills When students have done Exercise 6a . After each line. thaI isn't a good ideo. martial arts or seIf·defense courses can help your confidence. too.. Expert Joson.-hors happening. Host But what should someone like Jason do. asking students 10 repeat. H's sometimes bener to walk on the street rather __ than the sidewalk . it is. Allie? Calef 3 Yes. or put them on the class notice board. people may not want to get Involved. Expert Hello. Host Ch. Host I understand that a lot more women are taking up martial arts these days. Jason. but he didn't harm me. and I do. Host Okay. I wanted to ask about something I've heard.. and took purposeful. It is a good idea to hand out blank pieces of paper to make sure all the leaflets are the same size. otJ. you should shout au! "Fire!" as loud as you can. There's no point in risking your life for money. rve started to carry. Host What other basic advice would you gwe women wolking alone at night? Expert Well. You dorn want to look like a victim . you know. what would you like to '-Of' Caler 2 Hello. Sub-divide the groups and make sure each pair chooses a different situation. with me today.. Allow five minutes to discuss and make notes. but true . and irs a good idea. 0 Expert Yes. You see. Deborah? Caller 1Oh. but I need to save money. of course as you're in the open there. Replay the audio. Or if you harm someone. Unit 8 T 83 Sports . but I started it in order 1 feel sofer. Now we hove . The audiascript for Track 34 is on poge T82 ~ 35~-------------------------------------------------------Host Recently. using the words in exercise 3b. Muggers tend to go for people who look nervous. just give it to him.no . 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with l'dl pronundation gQuick The weak unstressed 13/ sound is the most common phoneme in English. Now we hove Allie on the line. Karote may not really make me safer. Sod. knee.. sometimes just feeling sofer can help.. rve heard that. or1icles. not down. ankle are important. staple the leaflets together to make a guide for vis itors. and other structure words ore often pronounced with the /3/ sound. Is that true? Host Fire? Expert Yes. a weapon with me now . Then ask them to discuss some sports. I hove a police expert Martin Fowles. Host We have another call. like. Play the audio again for Exercise sh and have students check the p hrases the police officer agrees with. Why go on the streets alone? Host We have a coller who'd like to soy something here.you can take a cob. If that doesn't work. make sure you know enough of the language to .if you have to walk the streets alone at night. check that they understand that the leafl et is written for tourists. to feel more prepared. like prepositions. He took my wallet and my cellphone. Pass the guides around the class for other groups to read.3 Vocabulary: parts of the body For Exercise 3e. (to. But.if there isn't a lot of troffic. irs so unstressed in continuous spee<:h that it con barely be heard. you could be in trouble. pause the recording. but an onacker could use your weapon against you. I've heard that if you're allacked. ~ Allow students to check their answers in pairs before they listen to the audio for Exercise 4b to check. Give them an example (soccer: foot. try running fi rst. so I took up karate to feel stronger.I feel safer.. Police and women" s organizations soy the problem is getting worse. I was attacked a few months ago . you know. In Exercise 5c. and the anacker wants money. people come out of their houses to see v. divide students into groups of four. hi. there has been on increase in anocks on women in the streets at night. so I guess ~ wasnl too bad. as is head). So the progrom today is asking: is there ony1hing women con do? To help us come up with some answers. the guy threatened me with a knife. /0.

ll the information together. in parks. if any. elbows Karate: hand16st.. on public transportation.. 2 Think about attacks that may happen to visitors and the pur pose of the attack. . You don't have to walk at night hereyou can take a cab. a Go through the Iwo texts in Exercise 1 and find six parts of the body. you will use fro m the radio program and add information relevant to a local context.who might rcad it? Why? Do you agree with the advice? iJ!I 0 III Practical tips When you're in a place you don't know: 1 ensure you find out where lhe dangerous areas are and don't go there! ' c In groups.. or from others in your city. 3 Decide what information.. 1 Divide into pairs. Z Who is the program mainly aimed at? women ~ b Listen aga in. hips. discuss which parIs of the body are important in any sports Ihal you play. ~ b Listen and check your answers. If you think someone is going to attack you' 1 start running. Then decide on the headings for your leafl et and put a. e. to feel more prepared. and I do. so I took up karate@fcel stronger. a window or anything 3 carry a whistle and blow it hard so people can hear it and come to your rescue. ' 2 'tlttract attention by breaking a bottle.g. fect. Check each other's content and language.. 5 Listening skills ~ a Listen 10 a phone-in program on the rad io and b Now write a leaflet advisi ng visi tors on security in your city. abdomen armpit elbow fool head hip shoulders toes wrist [jJ 0 [l [) !]j ~ Iill [j) ankle sh in fingers hand heel knee th igh waist ffi III III IJ[J IE) ~ 6 Writing skills a Read the extract below . Capoira: head.. then repeat the lext 2 make sure you know enough of the language to ask for help. tat makes a lot of noise. . Example situations: on the street... cameras. Say the text to yourself and circle the words that become weak (unstressed).. 2 kick your attacker in the shin .. If you can't run away: 1 shout for help as loudly as you can. Sometimes it's scary walking home@night. muscles b Match the numbered parts orthe body with the words in the list.but make sure you hit the bony part. Karate may not really make me safer..-3 Vocabulary: parts of the body \. money. 1 What is the topic? allacks on women on the street at night.. The first two are circled for you. In groups of six. fo llow these steps. c Show your leaflet to your group . Sports UnitS . but J need to save money. Do you agree with the advice? situat ion from the ones below. Does the police expert agree with these ways of protecti ng yourseJf? 1 Taking up a martial art 2 Keeping to well-lit areas at night 3 Carrying a weapon 4 Running away from an attacker ~ c Listen and make a note of all the advice that the police expert gives.. hand ... cell phones. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with fa! a Read what this woman says about why she took up karate. jewelry. 4 Write a list of practical tips for your situation. Compare your notes with a partner. Each pair takes a different answer these questions. but I started it in order to feel safer. at cash machines.

Laila realizes that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see if she still wants to go forwar" with it. t~. laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent. however. plus his outspoken opposition to women's boxing. Of course.Not for girls? Sport or spectacle? 1 Reading skills a In groups. Ali's decision to start boxing despite her father's struggle with the symptoms 0 '. That.AIi. discuss these questions about the pictures o n this page.. the daughter of Muhammad Ali." said one referee about her. Since then. made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to take up the sport. Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of debate and criticism. She prefers to make hr own name. You can see some of her dad's moves. but at least she is prepared for it. he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. GLOSSARY feisty having a strong character swollen larger and rounder tha n usual spectade an impressive show (sometimes used to show disapproval of something ridiculous) . Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not "spared her the details of what can happen. Unfortunately.AIi . She knows she's going to get hit hard at times. all right." "-laila Ali would rather not compare herself to her father. The diagnosis of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism of the sport.The ring announcer introduced him as the "The Greatest" and ar he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted "AIi. Which of the phrases below refer to Laila and which to Muhammad? Why is each one im portant in the context of the article? 1 the most fam ous sports fig ure on earth Muhammad 2 feisty and determined Laila 3 Parkinson 's disease Muhammad 4 the greatest Muhammad 5 a magne t for worldwide media a ttention Laila Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the fight as her father's fights once attracted."."~ knows about moving well. seemed to "-broadcast her father's support. that she may get a broken~ nose or a swollen face . MuhammadAli is probably the most famous sports figure on earth. "arrival on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. "She knows what she's doing. '-- 1 Are you surprised at seeing wom en doing these sports? 2 Which one is the most surprising/shocking? Why? 3 Can you think of any sports that are more associated with women than men? What might be the reaso n? b Read the article about Laila Ali. Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 "-seconds. ButLaila is a feisty and determined individual and it is that as much as her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention. His presence at laila's first professional fight.. Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to watch his daughter fight.

(For example. Gabriela Sabatini . ask students to read the article and match phrases to the people. find out the degree to which your students agree or disagree with each other.. Mia Hamm.but choose women well-known to your studentsl. Volleyball.S . synchronized swimmingprobably because the sports are gracefu l and balletic. gymnastics. Ask Whol sports do Ihese women ploy'! Whol qualifies and strengths do they have? What other female sports stars do you know? Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Ask students to work in groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l a . Serena Williams. next 10 the boxing ring lake up boxing"" start doing the sport of boxing knock out on opponent ::= make him/her unconscious Vocabulary work Sports T 84 Unit8 . You may wish to check that students understand these words connected with boxing. to fight/to box a fight / a boxing match boxing ring'" place where boxers fight 01ringside". In the U. In Exercise lb. women's' soccer is very popu lar. Afterwards. and tennis are often associated with women .Objectives Grammar Topic: women and sports Reading on Internet article verb + verb constructions (to + infinitive / -ing verb! Ustening an informal conversation Speaking a role-play Write the names of two or three famous sporlswomen on the board. Answers: Sports associated with women : ice-skating. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class.possibly because these are sports that most girls play at school. field hockey.

Girl No . it 's dangerous.. thars obvious.in Exercise l c. Irs my 18th birthday soon. and I'd reolry like . actually t wonted to talk to you about that. on his bike . the simple verb. Answers: "his presence at Laila's first professional fi ght . Answers: For: iI's exciting Against: she should be studying for her exams....about six months ago. Father Thafs not true. also point out the Languago Note that discusses start. ask students to read the statements carefully before researching the article to find phrases in the texl that support their answers. soy "nowhere: Girl Okay. have a brief class debate about boxing or any other sport in which women's participation is currently controversial . rd rather spend my free fime motorcycling. find examples. . let lhem check their answers in pairs. Once students have read their role card for Exercise 4b. Ask students to listen and check their answers. -~~-----------------------------------------------------. hong on. and I've been racing a few limes. and discuss the sentences. then. Father But you don't even have a motorcycle.. Mother Well. then give students three or four minutes to complete Ule rest of the text. Elicit ideas from the class and write ospecially good ones on the board. Girl I can already dance. Father And isn't It expensive? t mean. elicit the answer to the first question from the class to get them started. Encourage students to read tho Useful Language box as they prepare their arguments. Mother And what do you think you're doing? Girl Nothing. I'm in a race tonight. Girl I'm always studying. building up a list for and against. Common problems ond errors Translating from the students' first language and overusing 10 + verb My parents don'llel me ~ oul/ole.oy ~so hard. nothing? Where are you going? And don'. Ask students to research the text. or the -ing verb. seemed to broadcast her fath er's support" "Lalla has won most of her fights . Let them compare their answers with a partner. ~ ~ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. darling.". Motorcycling? Racing? How long hos this been going on? Girl I started motorcycling . I don'l en. motorcycling.. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. irs just that we think you should be studying for your exams. If you think we're going to buy you a matorcyde for your birthday . and thars what I wont to talk to you obout. After students have comploted tho sentences in Exercise 2c. and complete the table. thers why. 3 Listening skills in Exercise 3a. " "the diagnosis of . [n Exercise 2b. Parkinson's disease fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing" "hor fa mily history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle" "Muhammad Ali wanted to watch bis daughter fight " Following Exercise ld. I'm going motorcycling. I'm the best student in my class. Mother Wait a minute. Father [from another room) Motorcycling? Mother Motorcycling? Girl Yeah. Pause the recording to give students time to note the arguments. trs excrting. Play the audio again. . give them a few minutes to prepare what they are going to say. Prepositions ore always followed by -ing. Right now. Mother And why didn't you tell us? Why did you hide it from us? Girl Well. it's expensive 4 Speaking skills Allow four or five minutes for studonts to do Exercise 4a. Quick grammar guide: verb+verb Students simply need to memorize whether verbs ore followed by to + verb. you con" use Joke's bike forever. isn't it? I didn't wont to tell you be<:ause you would have stopped me from doing it. 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructions Exercise 2a can be done in pairs.with Joke. I'm using Joke's but he . I'd prefer you to take up dancing or something like thaI.. Mother Now. I think we need a serious conversafion oboul all this .. Mother But isn't It dangerous? trs just tholt'm worried.. Gift Exactly. Unit 8 T 85 Sports . Mother What do you mean..

c Tell the other groups in the class about your solution to the problem. You will need to negotiate. from.g. 3 There is a lot of controversy about both boxing itself and about women boxing. 6 I'm afraid of being (be) without work. change them so that they are." a In pairs./ .c Read the article again. Listen to the conversation and check your answers. Try to fill in the blanks./ . If you agree to X. I'd like you to ./ . then /'11 . Sports Unit8 . 2 I'd rather take part (take part) in sports than watch (watch) them.. 2 Discuss the situation and try to reach a compromise. prefer Verbs like slarl. discuss the sentences. decide.he left of the table and find examples of these in the article. you are going to role play the conversation between Emma and her parents. '- 3 Listening skills a Look at the picture then read this summary of a conversation between Emma and her parents. Try not to get angry. They think that she should 4 study for her exams. 2 Laila Airs boxing career is successful. or something else? Can you think of other sports that provoke a similar debate? 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructi ons a Look at the categories on t./ LANGUAGE NOTE Slart can be followed by either an -ing verb or to + verh. Category Verbs like IVan I. . to + verb Simple verb . Make a note of the arguments that Emma and her parents raise for and against her hobby. you'd betler Modal verbs and make/lei Prepositions. b In groups of three. d Look at the last sentence in the article. e. by. and her mother would prefer her 5 to take up dancing. Emma would rather 6 spend her free time 7 motorcycling and she wants 8 to talk to her parents about 9 buying her a motorcycle for her 18th birthday. about b Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 88. Find evidence to support these statements... Who I'd be really happy if you'd found the best solution? I see what you mean. 5 I would prefer to live (live) on my own than in an apartment with others. 4 Laila has a good relationship with her father.. 1 I'm interested in watching (watch) boxing on TV. 4 My parents wanted me to follow (follow) in their footsteps and do the same kind of work as them. suggesl Verb phrases like I'd rather. 4 Speaking skills '- _. Choose your role and read it on page 1413. Listen again.ing verb . Are they true for you? If not. stop talking. 1 Muhammad Ali accepts his daughter's decision to become a boxer. Then follow these steps: 1 Tell the others how you feel about the situation . 3 I started learning (learn) English when I was five years old. try to think of other arguments for and against a girl of 17 motorcycling./ . Is boxing a sport. but . Check ( ~ ) the correct column in the table to show what follows them. 3 When you nave reached a compromise and you know how you are going USEFUL LANGUAGE to resolve the situation. She didn't want 2 to tell her parents because they would have stopped her from 3 doing it . using some of the Useful Language phrases. c Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. Emma started 1 going motorcycling about six months ago. d In pairs. a spectacle.

5 The Olympics should be abo ut athletes compoting witil each other. excitement is the main '\ purpose of the 1. 7 The Olympics should be all about entertainment. read the following quotes and decide which of the views in Exercise lb each speaker holds." games" eommitte e .. we should be given a chance to develop.. the games exist to encourage the highest standards both on and off the field... "' The world is in Crisis."7...... As a small country.. In spite of the ~ . " "ClaSs athlete Unit 8 Sports . We could be given an opportunity to imprOYe all kinds of services.. First . we should leave it alone. were justly proud of our physical and mental fitness.and the system of having the Olympics in a different country every four years is good because it increases interest. The Games should be spectacular .. they should be a good show... Q As an athlete.. 2 Task You ore going to debate the role of the Olympics (today and in the future). ''V ioum<llist G _--------:-:----'-~ ~~. the games had nothing to do with big business or with entertainment for its' \ own sake.. ~bA. The Games are a symbol of international cooperation and we have tl"" work with all nations to make them work. discuss the Olympic Games..... Share your views with your group.. the spirit of t(e ~ games is dead .. but providing . with wars and aggression all around. it is about competition and ~ making a living.they must be given back to Greece where they "" ' ~ began" .. "'". is fairest. 6 There is too much commercialism in the Olympics these days. I think the Olympics are an opportunity to prove ourselves on the world stage and to become better known.. Sadly.. 4 Tho current system. Nevertheless.1 Wa rm up a In groups. or at least we should insist on a ceasefire. 'Gl. we athletes . our feelings towards countries we perceive as aggressors. Breaking world records is important. Although there are problems.. something works.. too. despitE:..':'--~"_ We are applying to host the games next time so that we can boost our economy and provide more jobs for our citizens.. ' ideals of bringing peace and friendship..~ medal viIOrd"'~: : In my opinion. (They may hold more than one of the views. However. 2 Countries at war should stop fighting during the Olympic Games... with countries taking turns organizing the Olympics.:::... 8 The Olympics should be abandoned these days as they attract terrorists. The games should have nothing to do with politics. 9 Bringing nations together in friendship should be the only aim of the Olympics.) I believe there's nothing wrong with the Olympics as they are run today. " (l) \ . the Games are a media event: they are all about entertainment.. they are beyond the responsibility of the Olympic committee. 3 The Olympics shouldn't only be held in rich countries. In the old days.. 1 When were the last Olympic Games? Whero were they held? 2 What do lhe imagos on these pages tell you about the Olympic Games? 3 What arc tho main objectives of the Olympics? Are they usually achieved? b Read these statements about the Olympics and decide whether you agree with them or not. I believe countries at war shOuld be banned from competing.. 1 Keeping politics out of the Olympic Games is essential.

branding and advertising. say four minutes.Objectives Grammar Topic: the Olympics Reading quotes Ustening Specking linkers expressing contrast and -ing verbs a committee discussion debating the role of the Olympics Write The Olympics on the boord. for example: Introduce the topic Do you enjoy watching the Olympics? Which events do you walch and why? Is it important to you when somebody from your country wins a medal? Why? 1 War m up Divide students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions and statements in Exercises 1a and lb.7 Co F5 G9 Sports T 86 Unit 8 . Block Power solutes by American athletes at Ihe 1968 Mexico City Olympics protesting segregation. elicit from one person per group a summary of the main points they discussed. Culture note Nominate a group leader to ask the questions and rea d the statements aloud for others 10 discuss. Answers: A 2. II is his or her job 1 make sure thai everyone in Ihe group speaks and that no one speaks about one topic for 100 tong. Afterwards. Ask students a few personalized questions to gellhem started. Ihe murder of 11 Israeli othletes by Palestinian terrorists ot the 1972 Munich Olympics. 4 D 3. Give a short time limit.7 E 4. Beijing is hosl of the 2008 Olympics and the 2012 Olympics will be held in london. 4 81 . The images on pages 86 and 87 show the Olympic flame. 0 Organizing group discussions 2 Task Let students work in pairs to match quotes and views.

lfyaur students have problems hearing the expressions. I tend to agree with Adriana. After each. it does benefit them . Unit 8 T 87 Sports . RepresentotiwI Right.it increases their public prolile and competing for your country can make you inlo a national hero. should be abandoned Z should be banned. pausing as needed . Yes. Tell students that they have five minutes to discuss. stop the discussion. After five minutes. so lers start. RepresentotiwI Okay.just a sum 10 take pari. could be given. . We are in danger of losing sight of the main aim of the Olympics . Adriano? Retired athlete Well.1 acIMty 6 Notice Read through the example and rules as a class. J7~----------------------------------------------------RepresenkrIiv9 of International Olympic Committee Well. Let students check in pairs before discussing their notes as a class. Ask students to listen and say who is speaking. we'd obviously have to 1001: Of how we could raise the money to do that. As athletes. Tell groups to decide on the wording of their proposal.. These reasons may be in shari. lers just lake a show of honds_ Con you raise your hands if you think that athletes should be paid? Thank you. The Olympics means a lot of time out 01 our schedules . must be given.it was all about showing the high physicol and mental standards that human oongs could reach. I think if we introduced payment to take pari. allhough I do agree with Sylvina thai we athletes are overworked and underpaid. lers have a view from someone who isn'l an athlete. Even Ihough athletes give up a lot 01 time to compete in the Olympics. they have to design a logo.3 Prepare Divide students into groups. I think there should be a reasonable financial reward for athletes and the work they do. osk students to design a poster to promote on Olympic bid from their city. it was very different .not to win . be held. l leel rt would be a step in the wrong direction to pay the athletes. Play the audio again. Nominate one student in each group to write down arguments why. tn terms of the competitors. I'd like an athlete to comment first on this. Before we move on to the next topic. pushing yourself. as a representalive of the International Olympics Committee. In groups. Answers: lb shouldn'!. Yes? Journalist Okay. Ticket prices are already really high. should be given 7 Follow up Divide the class into the same groups as in exerc ise 3. But my main point is thaI the Gomes ore all about competing. Ask that student to summarize their group's ideas for the class at the end. We're here to discuss Ihe future of the Olympics and to suggest some practical solutions for improving ~.Give each group a large sheet of poper to design their poster on. Tell students to list at least five arguments they wish to make. Ilhink we'd lose pari of thaI. Then give them a minute or two to decide which statement they wish to discuss. irs gelling tougher for us all the time. we're concerned that some of Ihe highest-quality athleles have decided not to attend recently.to help bring peace among nations. as Sylvino suggests.so I think we should be paid to compete . ii ii Additlon. elicit comments from the rest of the class . Representative Thanks very much for your view. That would also mean that athletes who don't make a lot of money would be able to come. I think 01 the same time thatlhere is lar too much commercialization and focus on money. write a slogan. and tell them to decide on who is going to read it aloud to the class . When I won my gold medal thirty years ago. T T1I 0 0 • •• • 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to stand up and deliver their group's proposal. Put lhe posters on the classroom walls. we have to train harder and harder and so many of us are getting injured. if athleles were paid. and decide which role they wish to play. you could play the same audio a third time.time when we're not earning any money . then ask students to find other examples from the lesson. bulleted note form. On the poster. Rrst. !hars . Give students four or five minutes to discuss the statement. someone less directly involved. and five reasons why their city should get the Games. thanks. We hove severol items on the agenda. my job is to make sure we maintain the highest standards both in athlefics and in the way the Olympics are run.. providing entertainment. thank you all for coming. and so on. Thanks for Ihot. Sylvina? Athlete Well. Make sure that each student in the group chooses a different role. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Remind them that they have to agree on a proposal.

Did most of the groups agree or disagree? Our COlllltry should be chosen 10 hosltlle Olympics in the near futuro. peaceful.. / 1 feel it would be . Then share your ideas with the class. Find other exa mples of tho modal passive in lhis lesson in Exercise lb Il nd Exorcise 2. B.. 3 when we don't know who takes responsibility for an Ilction. 4 There should be no commercialism associated with tho Games . decide whether you agree or disagree with the statemen t below. Start like this: Ladies and gelltlemen. Form a proposa l about the statement . and wilh good human rights records.4 below about the future of the Olympics. F ~ b Listen aga in and mako notes on the following." 6 Notice Look at this example from the debate: 4 Feedback Report back to tho rest of tho class on you r proposa ls.. [Read the statemen t you cbose. we lIove come to the fol/oll'ing conclusions..]. . We have discussed the statement .no adverti sing. When we are debating or having a discussion. and 5 Compare @ a Listen to a committee discussing one of the statements in Exercise 3. etc. no merchandising. a Form a commilloo 10 discuss the statement: each student chooses II different role from Exorcise 2: athlete. . . 4 How do they fi nish their speech in each case? I think there should be . after some cOll sidcmtion. 2 The Olympics should always be held in the wealthiest countries as poorer cou ntries find it very difficult to raise the money to host them. c Discuss tho issuo with the olher members of lhe commillec. First.. 00 you agree with thei r proposals? Why? I Why not? Itllink we should be paid to compete. 2 10 avoid accepting responsibility for everything we say. Spons UnitS . TV producer.3 Prepare In groups of four or five. then all the best ath lot es would enter. Let the wealthy countries pay for the Games! 3 Athletes should he paid to enter the Games. Which one? Which oflhe speakers from tho quotes in Exercise 2 do you hear? A. C.. 7 Follow up In groups.." 3 How do the second and th ird speakers start their speeches'! Well . 1 Tho Games sho uld be restricted to countries that are democracies. etc.c to have a shorl debate. 2 How doos he soloct the speakers? I'd li ke an athlete 10 comment 6 rsl on this.. choose one orthe statements 1 . 1 How does tho chairperso n introd uce the topic for discussion'! We're here to discuss . b Make notes on the arguments you will present to the other memhors of the committee. LeI's have a view from someone who . Use tho (Iuot es and tho statements in Exercises 1 and 2 for ideas. s How does the chairperson ask for opinions at the end? let's just ta ke a s how of ha nds. Liston to tho other groups and make notes. we often usc the passive voice with a modal verb: 1 to avoid making tho dobato too personal. then follow the steps a .

Complete these sentence stems about yourself. II is possible to make so as to negative by putting not before to: The po/ice put the witness in a safe hOuse so as not to expose him to danger. swimmer long jumper high jumper sprinter CIa"se I got up early so (thai) I wouldn't miss the plane. She confessed her crime so as to get a lighter sentence. 2 A big decision: When I decided . 4 A big change: When I started . Connector Followed by infinitive Example We went out for dnner to celebrate Mary's birthday. 2 Expressing purpose We can express purpose with connectors that are followed by an infinitive or by a subordinate clause. It also folows a number of verbs.Grammar Summary 1 Noun clauses (beginning with a question word) A noun clause can be the oOject of a sentence: I don't know what he is doing. Where Philip goes every evening remains a mystery to me. What we need is more government support for our enterprises. and make and let: We should pay our phone bill as soon as poSsible. I've started to learn I learning Japanese.ide armpit elbow fingers foot hand head "hand abdome. to in order 10 The government has increased wages in Ofder to gain popularity before Vocabulary Summary 1 Sports: track and field so as to sa (Ihal) the election.m Sport swimming the long jump the high jump sprinting diving weightlifting the javelin p"""". 3 Verb + verb constructions Many verbs in English can be followed by other verbs. We reaJ/y can't rtgure out why Susanna left Michael. verb This form lolows a number of verbs. 7 Making myself better: I should . Compare your sentences with a partner. It's amazing how clever she is. including most verbs of liking: Jason suggested joining the sports club in the center. 5 Going out: I enjoy. We often use them in this position when we want 10 emphasize them. 1 Work I want . These verbs take a number of forms: dNe< wejghtlifter javelin thrower Answer these questions. and preposiHons can also be followed by verbs.oy going under the water when I'm swimming. bead I want to spend our vacation in Florida this year. 1 Do you play / Have you ever played any of these sports? 2 If not. sboul elbow We prefer to watch movies at the movie theater. forget the party. Some verbs can be followed by either the -ing verb or vert) + to: Gary hates to meet I meeting new people. and why? to. The noun clause can also be a subject and come at the beginning of the sentence. It also follows the phrase I'd rather (without an object). which would you like to try and why? 3 Which of the above sports. Use a verb form in each one. often verbs thaI involve wants and desires: 2 Parts of the body Labet the parts Of the body using the words in the box.. if any. 6 My pet peeve: I hate. I'm calling you now so (that) you don'. I'd rather watch auto racing on 7V than go to the track. They made me clean the whole hOuse every day. ---waist wrist """""'" ". I don't en.. -ing verb This form follows prepositions: You can team a lOt from looking at people's garbage. How you live your fife is none of my business. waist heel hip knee shin shoulders \ fingers ~ wrist I liugh ankle Unil8 5po<ts . do you find boring. do the lOng·jump do the high jump sprint dive lift weights throw the javelin The connectors in order to and so as to are more formal lhan to + infinitive or so that + clause. Simple verb This form follows !T"IOdal verbs. 3 Hobbies / Free time: I'm interested in . We can also use verb • to after some verbs of liking: Karl likes to go dancing on Friday evenings. Ve'" "".

Use the key 9 o > ideas in Exercise 2 to help you.? Put these sports in order. I thought "8Jack Isn '/ right! We don't say that' So J chOCked it out in the dictionary. popularity. games take place on weekday evenings or afternoons between earl y spring and late fall. the majority of fans are men. brainstorm and make notes on the three most popular team sports in your country.S.) country? 2 Which people like these sports? learned about them. Baseball is the second most popular sport in the USA and as is the case with football. Nevertheless. You are going to write a report foc a Web site about sports in your country.(!) Z I Q: A short report 1 Thinking about the topic of your report a Work in small groups.J. ~ 3 When are the games played? 4 VVIlefe do people watch the games? b D::> you know the most popular team sports in the U. decide how to order the information and write a draft of the two most popular sports. exchange your work with your partner. PlAN [> Your action plan: writing a short report Write a short report.S. and where they are watched. b In pairs. The basketball season is much shorter than baseball's with NBA teams playing 41 games in a normal season. Are the reports good enough to go up on a Web site? There is no doubt that football is the most popular sport in the United States. compare the language you have underlined. The report is The most popular team sports in my country. Sports UnilS . tickets. Nole: you win need to Show your fv"laI written report to your classmates at the end of \JrIit 9. they watch live or recorded games in a local bar or at a friend's house. You can eithef use your notes to write about the third most popular sport in your country or you can write about anothef team sport in your country. collocations. are the punctuatiofl. talk about your action plan for Unit 7. Basketball games are also extremely popular in the U..S. baseball is regularly shown on TV. 3 Writing a brief report a In small groups. Tickets to baseball games tend to be much cheaper and easier to get than those for football and basketball games. idioms. Fans are attracted from all walks of life and as is the case with both baseball and football. c Take one sport each and write a short report about It. Can you find any patterns in the order of these topics in the reports? c Read the reports again and unde!1ine any words or phrases that may help you write your report on sports in your country.J. Comment on these areas.J Basketball Football Baseball 2 Analyzing three short reports a Read the three brief reports and check your answers to Exercise 1b. However. Games are usually played on Sunday afternoons and if spectators don't go to the game at the stadium. Before you start. d tn pairs. Due to its popUlarity. d When you have finished. the sport is also very popular with women. Teams in Major league Baseba ll (M l B) play 81 games in an average season. So popular in fact. too. 1 Which are the mast popular sports in your rn REVIEW Review your action plan: using your dictionary In pairs. when the games are played. and grarrvnar correct? e Make final corrections to your reports and then read them to each other in small groups. so it may be difficult to get tickets. and in English you do say "8 black eye". is the language oorrectly used? For example. there are ten Women's National Basketball Association teams (WNBA) in the U. Interesting! Q. Unlike football.J L. fans are predominantly men although so me women are also passionate about the sport. WIth number 1 as the most popular. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy. b The reports all deal with the same topics: fans.. that National Basketball Association (NBA) games in many cities are sold out in advance. For those who cannot make it to their team's stadium. Tell yout: partner which words. Q( phrasal verbs you looked up in your dictionary and 'Nhat information you 3: ~ ::. I came across "to give someone a black eye" when J was reading. Try to help your partner by making suggestiofls to improve the writing. it is often difficult to get tickets for National Football l eague (NFL) games as they are generally sold out before the season begi ns. spelling. Fans usually tend to be male. Many people follow their favorite NBA team by watching their games on TV. discuss lhese questions. L.

. Ie 5a<d.easun.)f people m. and who are very slim I 5 15 15 44 80 50 90 8.ded wr.Ypo$ cf .on. giving reasons for your choice.s ~'if' Mis..dJA. compare your ideas .!l. " Z JIlL ~ ~ when. I:xttwrt Q)1.s . ?>U>n. who are Ian.. In pairs. ef! anorexIa Suney ct!n. Ik-nl< tky hme ~ f"ck " 1 . try to complete the presenter's notes using the numbers in the box.. ~ c Li ston again and complete the rest orthe noles. 'Pu.JA~ Ji'omen. cosmetics.1 Speaking skills ~ b Now listen and chock your answers.. c!Mes " accessme. did pmiud.. did " :J li ~ ~.. ~ ~ hme IR= on. discuss these questions.I:h I !L1ill9 '"It"OmE?1-."""". to analyze the effects of women's media on tho health of the fema le population f<.fMds 10 heaDh p.o!/urns.. Which of tho images of beauty on this page do you find tho mostllcasl beautiful? In pairs. >Wi . and diet products? Is this average for your country? 4 Do you pay attention to the images of beauty presonted in the media? Brain and beauty .>UY>ey. 1 Do children and adults have ··weight problems" in your count ry? 2 If so. 7 $2.5lL ~ pp. 2 Listening skills a You are going to listen to part of a presentation about the media and personal image.. US.!!2. ~ " 8 'll..dut:wo men who have perfect skin and beautifuJ Dowing hair.~ 1M mu..000 .on. what are the main reasons for this? 3 How much do YOlL spend on clothes. Uton. fey -aomen's ~ when Ye(J1iJ:nfj?n0fJ5' the way women are pNl!lcnted as perfecl in these magazines ~ cf kauI:y m 'I?Ie. Mgs! d In pairs.5 """9' " 3 . (are) ovcnvcighl • 6 'M Uton.

eolog Diego Institute of Health. Of course. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise ld .Objectives T opic: images of beauty and health Vocabulary Reading a radio presenter's Grammar non-defining relative clauses your image and health Usfening a presentation notes Speoking discussing beauty and how it is maintained '--.in the region of 515 billion. is that of physical beauty . I. Now. Ask Which of these things are important to you? How much lime and money do you spend on these things? Do you think we worry about how we look 1 much? 00 Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to briefly discuss the pictures in pairs. finding was that a huge proportion of women . Compare that with the amount women spend on cosmetics . For Exercise l e . are overweight The problem of weight and image is not confined to adults . Of course. spend on diet products each year .S. age. elicit from the class how important culture. Cameron.we'll look at perfection in other spheres of life later in the presentation . hairstyles.tend to feel depressed when they read women's magazines. Cam.. Ask students to listen and check their answers. and much of that stems from comparison with media images. or their parents see them as too fat . Our first. Afterwards.many children see themselves as too fat. Let students check their answers in pairs. beauty treatments. which explains the amount thaI women in the U. who is presenting the findings of her recent research into the link between the media and women's health in the United States. and fashion are to our ideals of "beauty. and who are very slim. and perhaps most dramatic. Ask Do you think the media help women have a positive image of themselves? Do you think women spend a little or a Jot? Ask students to guess the answers in pairs. in the cose of teenage girls in particular. which is still a lot less than they spend on Irying to get thin. Then ask a few questions to fOCllS students on the task.and as many as 80% go on a diet at some time during their childhood. They do spend more on clothes and accessories . " •• 2 Listeni ng skills Read through the notes in Exercise 2a as a class. Dr.90% . keeping fit.S. the next aspect we looked at was . 15% of children suffer from anorexia.o "0m Ih' Sao Brain and beauty T 90 Unit 9 . about 50% of all adults in the United States believe that they have a weight problem. We wonted to analyze the effects of women's media on the health of the female population. covering a sample of eight thousand women. which the average woman connot hope to imitate. Ask students to listen and complete the notes. can lead to terrible health problems: by the time they reach adolescence. Afterwards. In fact. who are ton. My team conducted a survey over two years.. on TV. ~ ~ ~ H. This points to a severe dissatisfaction with their image. it has to be said that many people in the U. 01.) Write on the board: fashionable clothes. find out how many students are very concerned about image.55 billion. play the audio again. cosmetics.women who have perfect skin and beautiful flowing hair. the first ideal women are given in magazines. Play the audio for Exercise l b.a staggering $44 billion. This constan t comparison of oneself with on unattainable image can lead to obsession. which. "eo. in the movies." 0" 'p""" Ihl' ". The reason for this is the way women are presented as perfect in these magazines. Dr Cameron Thank you.

Confusion between who and which in relative douses: Dr. and 10 check. 5 Speaking ski lls Ask students to look at the pictures. use check. For example: Which word means you ore 100 fof? Which word means you hove no hair? Which word describes spots on your face? Cheddng pronundaIion Read these words out aloud. Cameron is a researcher wAAA has corried oul a survey. You could do exercise Sb as a doss survey. which. answer the questions. check their meanings in the Vocabulary Summary on page 98. syllable stress and proounciolioo. ask students to work in pairs to compare the sentences. They usually begin with the relative pronoun. Checking . Common probkNns ond errors Repeating the subject pronoun after the word who or which: Young women are people who IRey may become anorexic. Ask students in pairs to think of fIVe or six questions to ask about the products. and then olicit the vocabulary from tho class. Divide students into groups of four or fivc to discuss the questions in Exercise 3e. Brain and beauty .•• 3 Vocabulary: your image and health In Exercise 3a.aning Afterwords. Ask students to discuss their finding in pairs and then report them to the class. Answers will vary. In Exercise 4b. Ask studenls 10 complete Exercise 4d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. •• 4 Grammar: re lative clauses Have students road the examples in Exercise 4a and discuss the questions in pairs. For example: Which of lhese products do you use? How ohen do you use them? How much do you spend on /his product each month? Ask students to walk round the closs and interview as many people as possible in.. pair up students to read tho problems. and ask students to repeat. and decide which ones arc not related to beauty. questions to see how well students hove understood the new vocabulary. eight minutes. say. who. Suggested answers: 1 perfume 2 hair dye 3 razor/shaving foam 4 5 6 7 8 aftershave fake Ian bair conditioner make-upllipstick tattoo --Unit 9 T 91 Pair up students to discuss the questions. Quick 9' Oi III"nOI" guide Relative douses lalso called adjective douses) give more information about a noun in the main clause. Then elicit answers from tho whole class. or that. depression indigestion obesity anemia anorexia boldness fatigue ocne eczema Ask students to do Exercise 3b in pairs. and check their answers in the Grammar Summary on page 98.

In pairs. The freckles which~~h get on your face are usually com pletely harmless. . l Our speaker this evening is Dr. zb Women's magaZines that promote the perfect image are part of the problem. which is slill a lot less than they spend on trying to get thin. 2b Which describes all girls/magazines? la. Za Women's magazines. d Add commas where necessary to the fo llowing definitions. Nutritionists. 2a Which sentence in each pair describes a particular group ofgirls/magazines? lb.. who often feel unhappy with their image. Anorexia. Why don't they/you try . are small brown spots. The table lists some possible health problems.s ef eles]'>IIH lack of iron in your body loss of energy loss of hair nauseated a skin disorder tired (all the time) c In groups. 1 2 tired (aUthe time) loss of energy a skin disorder acid in the stomach lack of iron in your body 3 Which one in each pair contains a nondefining relative clause? la . . 5 Speaking skills a The pictures show ways in which people try to make themselves more attractive. Freckles. are part of the problem. 1 What does each picture show? How do the USEFUL LANGUAGE They/You could / should / ought 10 . Dandruff is flakes of dry skin in your hair. Arc any of these problems not related to b~auty or image? Problem depression obesity a norexia ba. Elena Cameron from the San Diego Institute of Health. acid in the stomach anorexic dopressed an eating disorde r bald overweight pimply eating for the wTOllg reasons faint/dizzy fedint. which c Where does the comma come in the sentence? comma comes before the pronoun 5 4~ b Discuss your ideas in class. shouldn't read these magazines.in Ule region of $15 billion.ldness fatigue You are/fe el depressed overweight anorexic ba ld Yo u suffer from feelings of despair eating for the wrong reasons an eating disorder loss of hair b Compare these two pairs of sentences. lb Young girls who feel unhappy with their image shouldn't read these magazines. discuss these questions. who is presenting the findings of her recent research Z They do spend more on clothes and accessories . 1 Which of the problems do people in your 2 3 4 5 6 country worry about most? Z Do you know anyone who suffers from any of these problems? 3 What can people do about them? Use the Useful Language to think of some advice. w ho are experts in food and eaLing problems. . ? It might be an idea to .. 2a Can we replace the relative pronoun with thol in defining or non-defining relatives? definin g acne/eczem a pimply indigestion a nemia nausea ted faint/dizzy c Check your answers with the Crammar Summary on page 98. A hangover is a feeling whicht"~3tl get the day after you drank too mllch alcohol. which often affects young girls. which fall onto dothing around the shoulders. Is there anything in the pictures that no one would do/use? Brain and beoufy Unil9 . which appear on the skin of both males and females . a The sections in italic are non-defining relative clauses. 1 b Complete the table with these adjectives and noun phrases. which promote the perfect image. makes you want to stop eatin!\. products/changes make people more attractive? 2 Are they effective'! Which are most effective? 3 Do you use/do any? Which olle(s)? 3 4 Grammar: relati ve clauses a Read the examp les from the presentation and answer the questions. Change the relative pronoun to that where possible. Do the sentences make sense if we remove these parts? yes b Which relative pronouns are used in the examples? who. la Young girls..3 Vocabulary: your image and health a An obsession with beauty is often a risk to one's health. can help with some disorders. answer the questions.

0.0. tests were being used to support theories that some races were genetically more or less intelligent than others. tests) but few people know much about them. such as being able to understand and empathize with other people. Why? • • 1 1 1 Today. 90 4 Read the puzzle. tests are considered quite limited in the type of intelligence they measure and they are not generally used so much.) 1 Which test did you find easiest I most difficult? 2 What do you think each puzzle is testing? 3 Do you think that the puzzles are more difficult for you than for a native speaker of English? What does this tell you about LQ. the first two are highly dependent on the language of the person taking the test: non-native speakers are likely to score lower in linguistic tests than native speakers. by the seco nd half of the 20th century. testing today are probably in recruitment of employees and in school testing.0. In addition. 9S € 05. and spatial awareness. When he comes home from 5 k he gets into the elevator and goe :O~d the 6th floor then he gets ou~ and :alkS to the 10th floor.Q. On hiS way to work in the morning. 1 1 1 1 1 c 3 Which are the next two numbers in this sequence: 120. 1 Speaking skills a An "LQ. ~ . logical reasoning. Clearly. religion. 957 a 105. hand d fingers 2 Find the picture below that fits best in the empty square. other types of intelligence. Take the mini test below.Q. tests have also been criticized for being too restrictive and not taking into account other abilities. test? When? For what reason? GLOSSARY cognitive related to the brain. linguistic.0. regardless of their level of intelligence. i.Q.e. I. such as musical or artistic talent. He devised them to test a person's cognitive abilities. This accepts the traditional ideas of intelligence. (The answers are on page 149. mainly to identify schoolchild ren who might benefit from extra help. tests have had a long and varied history. tests consist of problems assessing an individual's verbal abilities. He does thiS every day. 100 d 80. 1 Shoe is to foot a 'ove to: ( . Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence has received a lot of interest. Questions 2 and 3. 110 . 1. and position of things discriminate (against) treat someone unfairly because of race. and the tests were discred ited. he gets into the elevator on the lOth floor and goes down to the 1st floor. 110. which brought accusations of racism. 1. lOa. Write the kind of puzzles by each one. tests? 4 Have you ever taken an LQ. but adds to those. shape. etc. Most I. a toes b head .1.0.Q. which is appropriate as this was the use for which it was originally devised. In recent years. In fact. many people are against such tests because they believe they discriminate against people who learn in different ways from those demanded by the test. b Work in groups. and the way it understands things spatial related to the size. l. those of logical. The main uses of 1. and spatial awareness. 2 Reading skills a Read the article quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1b. tests usually have different sections to measure different abilities. 115. Compare your answers to the puzzles and discuss the questions. a b Most people have heard of intelligence quotient tests (I. empathize (wi lli) understand how someone else feels Unh9 Brain and beauty ." test is a kind of intelligence test consisting of problems or puzzles that you have to solve. However. while the second two types can be completed by anyone. 1 1 1 1 1 The man is very short and can't reach the button (or the 10th Door. numerical ability. 105. The tests were grad ually applied more generally and came to be seen as a way of measuring average intelligence relative to other people in the same age group. The first tests were invented by Frenchman Alfred Binet. l. How quickly can you figure out the answer? A man lives on the' Oth f~oor of an apartment building .

You may wish to check these words by writing them on the boord in two lists and asking students to match them. lest 1 Speaking skills Tell students that they have five minutes to take the mini I. test taking and discussing an 1. 3: numerical ability. and then let students check their answers to questions 2 and 3 with a partner before sharing them with the class.0. tell the class to stop. 5-b. b restrictive assess d devised e applied Answers: l-d. Pul students in groups of four or five to discllss the questions in Exercise lb.lesls are limited in what they test. 2-e. 3-0. Answers: 2 Puzzle 1 is testing verbal abilities. Q) Reading Writing topic and supporting sentences Grammar non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers Speaking an Internet article.Objectives Topic: intelligence (I.Q. 2 Reading skills Draw students' attention to the Glossary. 4-<. After five minutes. and then let them check their answers on page 149 orlhe Student's Book. 2: spatial awareness. Brain and beauty T 92 Unit 9 .highly dependent on the language of the person.Q. There are a number of synonyms in the text. an La. T •• &:'l Vocabulary work A 1 invented 2 used 3 help 4 measure 5 limited B 0 benefit . Ask them to read the text and do the task in Exercise Za. test in Exercise la . I. 4: logical reasoning 3 Yes . Limit the time to five minutes.

if a student chooses 6 There is more pressure on men /0 succeed and make money ... who might benefit .. Clauses a and b comment on the whole sentence. helping with ideas and vocabulary. Ask them to research the text to find reasons for why some sentences are nol true. 4 Writ ing skills: topi c senten ces Ask students to match paragraphs and topics in Exercise 43.. t . who learn . which is the mason why other types of learners do badly. The tests were discredited because they were being used to support racist theories. in the first set of sentences. (line 26) . 3 Grammar: non-defining relat ive clauses as sentence modifiers Ask students to do Exercise 38 individuall y and th en check the answers in pairs before going through them wi lh the whole class. By reading the topic sentence. taking notes on which topic sentences best fit the supporting sentences. In exercise 4d. 4 True. .. Give students a minute to read through the sample paragraph in Exercise 4c...Ask students to read the sentences in Exercise 2b carefully and decide whether they are true or fal se. (line 11) . which brought . elicit from the class the reason(s) topic sentences are important. Presentation alternative Once students have chosen their topic sentence. Answers: the use of I. LA Topic sentences Let students compare answers in pairs before eliciting some good examples from the class and writing them on the board. encoumging/pressure. . ask individuals to stand up and read their paragraphs aloud (without the topiC sentences) for students to guess. In Exercise 4d . tell them to prepare carefully before writing by brainstorming words or phrases tho! would naturally follow from the topic sentence. Let students check answers with a partner before discussing them as a class .) Point out the Language Note on page 93. Cive students five to ten minutes to write their paragraphs. NOll-native speakers are likely to score lower. 3 False. (They give the main idea of the paragraph. consider pulling students in smoll groups to do the task. Set up Exercise 3d by doing the first one as an example: Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners. which is appropriate (linn 33) defining non-defining defin ing non-defining - Ask students to work in pairs to find answers to the questions in Exercise 3h. (They should then underline the first sentence of each paragraph .. Ask students to predict which words they expect to see in a supporting sentence. Prepare students to do Exerc ise 4b by doing the first as an example....) Let them check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. They should expect to see some key words repeated. They are used in recruitment of employees and schoollesting. and point out its structure (location of topic and supporting sentences). tests to support racist theories its main uses in recruiting and school testing Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 3c with a partner before disclJssing them as a class.. Ihey could brainstorm: successful make money work hard get promo/ion be rich Brainstorming these words should help them with ideas for what they could include in the rest of Ihe paragraph.. Answers: .Q. (l ine 5) . 5 False. Ask students to choose and write down a topic sentence from exercise 3d. appearance/attractive. They wero devised as a way of identifying children who needed extra help in schools. it is usually possible to guess the general content of the whole paragraph. Let students check their answers in pairs after they have completed the exercise. and allow students a few minutes 10 circulate around the room. Unil 9 T 93 Brain and beauty . and they should expect to see similar words. for example . A topic sentence is generally the first sentence of a paragraph. Answers: 1 False. Or have students post their answers on the wall.. 2 False. . Afterwards. For example. . Go around monitoring..

then underline the topic sentence in each paragraph. not m o re .. a 3 So.. x 3 Grammar: non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers a Look at the article again and find oxamples of the sentences.Q . T he m edia is full of a d vertisemen ts encouragin g wom e n to s pe n d more o n the ir a p pearance. 5 Z For example. G I. beautiful supe rm odels in these seems to im ply that the average woman can look like a su perm o d el if s he buys these prod ucts. 4 Writing skills: topic sentences a Look at the article in Ex ~rcise 2. the result of a ll th is pres sure can be count erproductive . lests are hardly used today. It is usually followed by one or more supporting sentences. 5 The theory of multiple intelligence is less restrictive than the theory behind I. ...hencA'"m(1:n.Q. 3 All I. 5 There is more pressure on women to be attractive than on men. 2 Intelligence depends as much on the environment as on your genes .Q. ..Q. a . Match the paragraphs with the topics.. 4 relative pronouns who and w/!ich. with one or two sup porting sentences. Can they guess which topic sentence you are writing about? Broin and beauty Unil9 . c Read the sample paragraph. However. we are going 10 try the fo llowing puzzles.. Which relative clauses comment on the whole of the previous sentence? 1 The explorer was in danger of being eaten by wild animals. i... There is more pressu re on women to be attractive tha n on men. 1 Whal brought accusations of racism to I.w om en become worrie d and stressed abo u t their appearance. testing today? c Match sen tences 1 . 1 The media is full of <. 4 They say tall people do better in li fe. and find the phrases in the article that tell you the others are false or that we don't know they're true. attractive. which suits the more competitive kind of person.. 1 3 We need to understand what it is about height that can give people a head start..e. just for fun. they will always give the same score for people of the same intelligence level. Then choose one of the other topic sentences from Exercise 3d and write a short paragrap h. 3 Some parents do not have many books in the house . b which was a frightening thought! c which will also test your knowledge of English! d Complete these statements with a non-defining relative clause starting which is the rooson why . which means that the majorit y of a d verti sing for cosmetics an d other beauty produc ts is aim ed at wom en .b Only one of the sentences below is true. tests b The sentences in Exerche 3d arc ali lopic no. exams usua lly have strict time limits. dmit knhw Z They were devised as a way of putting less intelligent children into difforent schools. tests. which can actu ally make the m less. Then compare your answers with a partner. tests were invented in France.Q. Do they introduce defining or non-defini ng relative clauses? b We can use non-defining relative clauses to comment on a whole sentence.Q. c a which was why he couldn't reach the last button... 1 Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners . LANGUAGE NOTE A topic sentence gives the main idea of a paragraph. Decide which one. they !Jui 11e wel'e mw-n1ed Ity ~. b Z The man was very short.. 6 There is more pressure on men to succeed and make money than on women . tests are racist..3 with the appropriate nondefining clause a-c. . t I. . tests today Paragraph 2 types of lests Paragraph 3 the histc ry of I... Match three of them with these supporting sentences. Answer the Iwo questions below by findi ng the two non-defining clauses in the article..Q.. 4 The tosts are very reliable. The use of young. tests? 2 What is appropriate about I. or which explains why . sUlllJOrting sentences t:oncJuslon d Read your paragraph aloud to your partner but don't read the topic sentence.Q. It often (but not always) comes at the beginning of the paragraph.dvertisemcnts encouraging women 0 spend more on their appearance. Paragraph 1 the use (If I.

The secret of life

1 Reading skills
a LoO,k at the pictu res. How old are the people? Which one looks healthier? Why? b The average li fe expectancy has increased a lot in the last hundred years. Discuss the answers to these questions: then read the report and check. 1 What is the life expectancy in the United States now? Men 74, Women 80 2 Why has lifo expectancy increased in the last hundred years? Infectious diseases - less deadly. general environment cleaner, eat better c Underline the important words and ideas in the repo rt and write a brief summary of each paragraph. Then compare your summaries with a partner.

'P~ 1 ieIl.s u.s Ik tie ~n.C1J 100 lP"" ago and Way, and ...

Life expectancy in the last hundred years: changes and reasons for change
A hundred years pgo. liG. expectancy in developed countries was about :lL in the early 21st century. men in the United States and the United Kingdom can expect to live to about 'Ii. VlQIDm to about aQ. and these ages are rising all the time. \Vhat has brought about these changes? \Vhen we look at the life span of people 100 years ago, we need to look at the greatest killers of the time. In the early 20th century, thcse were the acute and often highly infectious diseas~ such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and smallpox. Many children died very young from these diseases and others, and the weak and elderly were always at risk. health has improved with improvements in our general environment: cleaner air, better means of preserving food, better and warmer housing, and better In the developed world understanding of nutrition. these diseases are far ~ deadly today, and in some Q enetically, we should all cases have almost be able to live to about R2. disappeared. A number of but while people do live factors have led to this: longer today, there arc still improvements in sanitation some big killers around and hygiene, the discovery that are preventing us from and use of ~nribiotics, which consistently reaching that make bacterial diseases age. The problems that much less dangerous, and affect people today are the vaccinations against marc chronic illnesscs, common diseases. In such as heart disease and addition, people's general strokes, and those spread by viruses, such influenza and AIDS. Of course, cancer is a huge killer as well. In most cases these diseases affect older people, but there are worrying trends in the developed world with problems such as obesity leading to more heart disease and illnesses such as diabetes at younger ages.

"

The killers today can be "lifestyle classed diseases", which means that it may be possible to halt their progress.

Unil9

BraIn and beouty

Objectives
Grammar

Topic: life expectancy
Vocabulary Pronunciation intonolion in

Reading a newspaper article

lag questions

health and disease

question lags

Ustening a radio discussion

Speaking
discussing ways of improving life expectancy

Write on the boord: food

work

medicine

lifestyle

Irrtroduce the topic

Ask In whol ways have changes in these areas improved our health and fife expectancy? tel students discuss the question briefly in poirs, and then have a whole-dass discussion.

1 Reading skills
Ask studen ts to lell you about the pictures in Exercise la. Possible answers: The woman in the large picture appears to be in her sixties or seventies. and looks much healthier than the oUler woman. Tho h ealth ier woman clearly keeps fit (cycling) and has a healthy lifestylo. Tho other womBn drinks alcohol.

Put studonts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise l b, Encourage them to think ofthree or four reasons for the answer to question 2 before readi ng the text, Help students prepare their summaries by underlining the first two or three important words and ideas as a class, Then ask students to underline other ideas, before chocki ng with a partner, Briefl y elicit answers from the class to make sure students have underlined more or less the same things, then ask students to write their summaries fo llowing the example in Exe rcise l c, Stress the importance of students' using their own words to summarize an article, explaining the main ideas they have understood from reading it. Model summary:
100 years ago life expectancy was on ly 47, whereas today it is 74 fo r men and 80 for women. The shorter life expectancy in the past was a result of killer

infectious diseases, Infectious diseases are less dead ly today because of better sanitation, antibiotics, and vaccinations and because we have im proved general health a nd a cleaner environment. Genetically, we should all reach 85, but we don't because of chronic diseases lile heart attacks and lifestyle trends like obesity, The killers today are "lifestyle diseases," which we have some influence over,

r

For Exercise 3b on page 95 :III Host Welcome to this week's Science Now. Today we
discuss the question: what makes people live longer? There is no doubt life expectancy is increasing, but v.ill this continue? Well. v.ith me to discuss the queslion is Professor foAoyumi Hotushi, an expert on nutrition, and Brion Winter, on exercise coosullont. Brion, you firs!. Brian HeHo. Well. yes, life expedoncy shook:! continue 10 increase, buI there is couse for concem that Iodoy's generation rno( noT rIVE! as long. Host Oh, why's that? Brian Irs completely dooMllo our Ideslyle. We Ieod very inocTiYe lives nc:rw - most people sit all day. We're not exercising enough buI.....e still eot as much as, if nol more than, people vsed 10 eol years ago when most JOOs were active. So this leads 10 obesity and 011 ~s problems, Host So we need more exercise, don't we? Brion Yes, we should do qurte sTrenoous exercise for aboulthirly minutes three limes a week. This will also help 10 ensure good sleep, which is important, Host Okay. Moyumi, do you ogree? Moyumi Oh, yes, lifestyle is very important. My interesl is in nu1rition, as you knaw. Bul did yau

know thai women in Japon live longer than any oTher people on the planet, to aboUT 82 in general? Host No! Why is lhot? Moyumi Irs hard 10 soy exoctly, but one reoson is !he diel: in Japon, we eol lots of fish and fresh vegelables. fd soy thot Japol'lCSe women trodiliooolty don'l hove a 101of stress, though thofs chonging now that more and more are working. Host And Japanese 'NOffiell don1 drink a 104 of okahol, do they? Mayuni fd soy thors changing, too! Host Who! about salt? Thafs bod lor you, Too, isn1 it? Mayumi Too much saU is, yes, buI rd soy.....e eot quite a lot. Oh, and another thing - lea. Teo is good lor you, espe60Ity green tea. Host Oh, I didn'T knavv that Now, we've lalked about diet, exercise, sleep, stress. IS there anything else? Brion Well. rd soy thot irs irnpoflonl 10 Iry To keep oplimistic ond happy and not 10 lei problems stress you too much, I think it's important to hove close friends, people you con rety on and lalk 10. You know what1hey soy - 0 problem shored Is a problem halved!

Brain and beauty

T 94

Unil9

t ·· ~

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
Copy the word map in Exercise 2a on to the board. Ask students to copy it into their notebook. Word maps are a great visual way of recording. learning. and remembering words. Encourage your

students to design word maps for other sets of words taught during the course. Have students do Exercise 2b in pairs or sma!! groups.

3 Listening skills
After students have read the list and selected their five important things. let them discuss their ideas with a partner. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Ask students to listen and check the things mentioned.

Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. You may need
to play the recording a second time before students get all the answers. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Answers will vary.

4 Grammar review: tag questions
Qukk grammar guide
Question togs in English are quite complex, so geHing students to use them accurately can be a slow task. The first key to the system is grasping that auxiliary verbs in the main clouse ore repeated in the question tog. However, the verbs switch from affirmative in the main clouse to negative in the tog clouse, or the other way around. The second key is grasping that when there is no auxiliary in the main clouse, danY, doesn't, or didn'l is needed in the question tog.

Common errors and problems
Students may transfer a simple system of questions togs from their first language 10 English;

You like it, A6? They ore married .
Youlikeit. ~?

?

Students may overuse the tog "isn'l il?

Ask students to complete the question tags as they listen to the audio for Exercise 4a. Play the recording again. pausing at Ule tag questions, if students are not sure of the answers. Let students check their answers to Exercise 4c in pairs before discussing them as a class.

5 Pronunciation : tag questions
Read through the rules in Exercise 5a as a class before doing the exercise. Play the audio again. Ask students to listen and repeat. Play and pause, ask the whole class to repeat. and then ask two or three individuals to repeal the sentences as well. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Ask students to listen and write "checking" or "asking".

6 Speaking skills
Give students five minutes to discuss and list health problems and causes. Briefly survey answers from the class, and ask each group to identify what they think the major problem is. Encourage students to use the example in question 4 as a model for their writing. Finally, have one student from each group present their report to the whole class.

~~----------------------,
a Sa we need more exercise, don't we? b Japanese women don't drink a lot 01 alcohol, do they? c Thars bad lor you, too, isn't it?

\41'---------------------------.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 II isn't raining again, is it? IfaUI Sarah didn't eat much, did she? Ifalll Patrick booked the tickets, didn't he? Irisel I'm invited to the party too, aren't I? Irisel Nothing'S going right these days, is it? {lallJ This is the right place, isn't if? (rise] They'll be late, won't they? 11011 1

Unit9

T 95

Brain and beauty

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
a Go through the report on page 94. Find the d iseases mentioned and the ways o f dealing with some of them. Add them to this word map.

4 Grammar review: tag questions

@

a Complete these tag questions. Listen and check your answers. 1 So we need more exercise, don 't we ? 2 Japanese women don " drink a lot of alcohol, do they ? 3 That's bad for you too, isn't j! ?

ways or dealing with different problems

health and disease

b Complete the rules for tag questions. If the main verb is positive, the tag question is negative . If the main verb is negative, the tag question is positive .

LANGUAGE NOTE
There are some "irregular" tag questions: I'm -7 aren't I? This is -7 isn't it?

b Discuss the diseases and problems in the word map. Think about possible causes of each one from the list below, and how they can be dealt with.
infected food and water bacteria/viruses working too hard eating the wrong food pollution

radiation

stress
alcohol abuse smoking ignorance

c Write the tag questions for these sentences. js it ? 1 It isn't raining again, 2 Sarah didn't eat much, did she ? 3 Patrick booked the tickets, djdn 't be ? 4 I'm invited to the party too. oreo 'l i ? 5 Nothing's going right these days. is it 6 This is the right place. iso 'l iI ? 7 They'll be late, MlIlD'llbey ?

?

3 Listening skills
a The repo rt mentions "lifestyle diseases", which 5 Pronunciati on: tag questions may slop the average life expectancy from ~ a Wo can use tag questions to check something we increasing. How can we improve our lifestyle and think we know, or to ask a real question. If we live longer? Look al this list and decide which ask a real question, the voice rises on the tag five you think are the most imporlant. questions; if we are checking, it falls. Listen to 1 eating fish ~ the three questions from Exercise 4a again. 2 avoiding sugar 0 Wh ich one is "real"? 3 avoiding too much salt Listen and repeat the three questions. 4 not too much alcohol Listen to the questions in Exercise 4c, Write 5 not smoking "checking" or "asking" by each one. 6 doing lots of exercise 7 keeping a healthy weight 8 sleeping well 6 Speaking skills 9 being optimistic IH In groups, discuss ways of improving life expectancy 10 not too much stress ~ in your country. 11 being married I with a partner 0 1 List the ma jor health problems in your country. 12 having close friends ~ 2 List their causes: are they lifestyle·related? Listen to a radio discussion about life expectancy 3 Suggest ways of dealing with these problems. and li festyle. Put a check by the things on the list that are mentioned. 4 Write a short report about one or two of the major problems. Li sten again and answer the questions.

B

o

B B B

o

1 Why is the amount we eat a problem today? because of inactivity and obesity 2 How much exercise should we do? thirty minutes three times a week 3 Why do Japanese women live longer than everyone else? because they eat fish and vegetables, have liule stress and don't drink much alcohol 4 Why does Brian think fr iends are important? you need people to rely on and talk to d In pairs, discuss these questions. 1 Do men or woman live longer in your country? Why? 2 Think of very old people you know. Does anything in their lifestyle explain their long life? 3 Would you like to live to over 1oo? Why? I Why not?

in ouy ayea, a1Le ygi£S aye a 6t-g flYo6&m. 7he)! can be caused by plan!:5 OY pe15, 6u.1 lhe)! can also be caused by ,,"Y pdtu.lU)n, wfuch can ¥eaLt)! damage )!""Y heaLih. 'Peopte can gel vaeem,,5 ag,,"nsC ce.uun aLteygie5, a-nd Ihey 5huuld h-y ..wi ro have plan!:s oy pUs Ihat cause aLteYg"'s. The .f!uvern/",,,n!: sMul.d h-y ro Yeduce atY pcllultnn 6ecau.se tl makes aLUygi£S woyse.
5 Compare your ideas with other groups.

Broin ond beauty

Unil9

1 Warm up
a How do you think you learn most effectively? Before you start work on this lesson, make notes about the ways in which you think you learn best, e .g. visually. by doing things with your hands. by talking to others. b In Lesson 2 oflhis unit you read a little about Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intell igence. Now you are going to learn more about this. Read the lext and write the kinds of intelligence in the table below.

INTRODUCTION
. k that every parent th"nks their \ Teachers often)O e arch Suggests that . . od recent resc child IS a gemus, a roa bcl lntclligence is affect~d to some extent they d~ffercnl factors: gellene, by a number of . nal and so on. In the late environmental, cm otlO d doer of H ar vard Howar ar . 20th centur y, . d dOff nl kinds ofintelhgence, . "ct nnile I CfC I University I C th factors. For examp e, ccount esc which take IOta, a . c which refers to people there is visual tntclhgenc .' maps and so on . th ough pictures, , who learn best r th thcr hand refers to onco ' IOte ' c blem solving, and L ogical ' l JIgene , . th gh numbers, pro . learnUlg rou f . I traditional intelligence analysis. These arc air ~ d tifled more unusual G dncr also I en . types, but ar rural intelhgence .' such as no. d IOtelhgcnce,. nnd thc environment), an re (underst.andlO~ natu ( ki g questions about life), existential intc~lgen.ce a~ : nderstanding yourself intrapersonallOu~\hgcnc () d intcrpersonal d I mng alonc, an d well an ear d' other people an (understa n 109 ·th intelligence . lnlera cong well WI . them) . \Vhal all thIS means is that if we can , identify child ren'S " ~ different strengths among of these type s intelligence, we can hC\~ child ren to fulfill thclr potential as learners.
1

Kind of

What does it mean?

Examples

in telligence

Your ~ score

Verbal

Learning through
language Learni ng thro ugh looking
Learning th rough analysis Learning though doing

Reading articles

2

visual

Using tables and graphs
Problem-solving ac ti vities

'0

3

logical

o

4

Kinesthetic

Doing physical games Using chants and rh ymes Writing a diary at home

5

Musical

Learning through sounds and rhythm Learning through thinking and working on your own Learning by interacti ng with other people Learning through observation of the world Bround you Learning through asking questions abo ut life

6

intral)ersonal

7

interpersonal

Working in groups, e.g. role play Working outside, in the countrySide

,.


natural

existential

Discussing important issues

;,

Unit 9

Brain and beauly

Objectives Grammar Topic: different types of intelligences and learning styles Reading Ustening Speaking analyzing learning styles verb + verb constructions. whereas I lend to be more intropersanal. For Exercise 6 on page 97 1I Jane I was reading a really interesting article earlier today. Jane Thars right. . Ask students to read the text and complete the first column of the table in Exercise lb . I don't feel I'm learning unless I write. how would you go about learning those words? Who of you would write frans/a/ions? Who would put these words in sentences? who would learn them by miming or matching to pictures? After eliciting a few different answers. Rob Oh. Rob Yeah? Jane It was about Howard Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences. motivated. um. like I'd always keep notes when the teacher was talking. I prefer to study alone and figure oul problems for myself.. I mean. Irs about how some people prefer 10 learn through listening or reading or taking notes. I think. wouldn't you? Jane Yeah. don't you? Jane Oh. For example: jump skip hop leap step stride Introduce the topic Ask If you had to. looking 01 maps and figuring things out from pictures. you can leach in lois of different ways to make the lesson more interesting and to make sure more and more learners are. right? I lean toward visual learning. I've heard of that. so they were really blocking out some types of learners and making life more diHicull for them . Thars. noun clauses. Rob I'd say thai writing is also Ie<nning through doing..all the professors iust stood up and lectured all the time. interpersonal. the kinesthetic type. I feel that t can learn a 101 from ather people. irs about teaching. yeah. Find out how students feel they learn best. yeah. isn't it? Jane Well. Thai must be port of verbolleorning . through games and activities where you get up and move around. it's one of the ways of learning. I like learning through aclivity. you know. Strange. I'd rother study in a class Ihan on my own. too. ~ ~--------------------------. you know. I love Brain and beauty T 96 Unit 9 . I just like doing things. and relative clauses a book extract an informal discussion Write a set of words on the board. Rob Sa you must be. you know. Isn'l it about how diHerent people learn in different ways? Jane Thars right. you know the kind of thing. kinestheti c. but you prefer 10 study with other peaple. I'm physical. too. Rob I think that we both have something of the other types of learning. I mean. I know what you mean. surely it's not iust about learning. you're right. They didn't use any other techniques. Rob Not only can teach. but should teach.. But.using language. yes. Jane Have you ever analyzed yourself? Do you know how you learn best? Rob I haven'l analyzed it. too. but I tend to write things down. I haled college . ask What does this Ie/I us about the way we learn? 1 Warm up Have a brief class discussion for Exercise la . Rob Oh. um..

and . Answers: Rob: verbal..... 4 Feedback Ask students to take turns to read their analyses aloud. 5 Comp are Play the audio for Exercise 5. brainstorm on the board ideas for types of activities that could be used in and out 01 closs to facilitate learning. I lean toward doing probJem+solving activities rother Own reading or speaking.2 Tas k Ask students to work ill pairs to add to the Examples column in the table. . kinesthetic. whereas. Ask students to listen and say what typos of intelligence the speakers have. Also.. For example: 1 learn best by analyzing. and videa in closs. Let students check their answers witb a partner beforo discussing them with the class. kinesthetic . From a show of hands . tables. . ask a few students to briefly su mmarize what they found out about their partner. students could draw and match pidures more when studying vocabulory ot home. Presentation alternative Write the following language on the board to he1p with preparing the report: We all tend /0 . Ask studcnts to work out their score and discuss the results with a partner. For example. 3 Prepare Ask students to use the phrases in the Usefu l Language box to write 8 short analysis of their learning style. Additionalodivity The Qudioscripl for Track 42 is on page T96 '" Unit9 T 97 Brainondbeouty .. you could use more pictures.. find out which types of learners are most common in the class. inlrapersonal Jane: visua l.. drowing. You may need to play and pause to give students sufficient time to write their answers.. Bearing in mind which types 01 intelligence are most common in the closs. .. On the a/her hand / In contrast. Have a brief class discussion o f students' answers. On one hand .. but . Ask students to co mplete the sentences and check their answers in pairs. Ask each grou p to report to the class. prefer . leons toward .. labeling... 7 Follow up Divide students into groups of four to six to share their ideas and prepare a report in note fonn.. Aften'lsrds.. Change pai rs in the classroom. Give students two or three minutes to prepare a brief description of their learning style using the new languago.. Thon ask studonts to tell their new partner about their learning style: I tend to learn best by analyzing. J prefer doing problem-solving (lctivities to reading or speaking. Both ... You cou ld help students by reading out a model ana lysis. interpersonal •• 6 Notice Play the audio agai n for Exercise 6a. if mostleorners are visual.

Keep a note on the most common types of intelligence in other groups... Can you give me an example a/what you mean? a In groups.. wheroas I tend .... Which types of intelligence do they each have? Brain and beauty .. 6 Rob: I prefer .. 2 = I sometimes learn in Ihis way. 5 Jane: I like . I don't learn like this at all.. Read the table again and give yourself a score of 0-3 for each type of intelligence... J prefer . 3 Jane: I lean toward .. 2 Rob: I lend . 4 Jane: I love . Make noles to toll your partner about how you learn..2 Task a Usa your noles from Exerc ise 18 to add more exam ples to the table. 1 '" I rarely learn in tbis way. J like I don 't like .. Whal kinds of intelligence do you all have? Which is the most common kind ofintelligence in the group? b Report the resu lts of your group to the whole class. Listen 10 your partner's analysis.. 6 Notice Listen to Rob and Jane again. 7 Jane: I'd rather . b Discuss your learning styles together. . c Decide w hich are the three most common types of intelligence in the class. 7 Follow up USEFUL LANGUAGE I learn best by. b In the sarno pairs. I'd rather .. 3 = This is one of the ways I learn best. Did anything surprise you about your partner? Did you agree with their analysis? 5 Compare ~ Listen to Rob and Jane doing the same task... .. 3 Prepare Use your scores above to list your styles of learning. 0 "... 4 Feedback a Present your analysis of ycur learning sty les to your partner. 8 Rob: . describe your styles of learning to each other. Complete the sentences below. . 1 Jane: Some people prefer . This time try 10 use some of the language in Exerciso 6a. describe your learning styles to each other again. b Find out about your "intelligence" (we can all have more than onc type of intelligencel..

>cia diabetes indigestion smallpox 2 Causes of disease I health problems alcOhol abuse viruses smoking bacteria pollution eating disorders radiation infection / infected food or water . al'8 they? M8J'k's been with that company for years. we use the modal to form the tag questiOn: Brian can't sing very well. which..) Jack lived in this house.n:niey. Then compare your sentences with a partner.. 1 Harvard University is especially well-known for its law school. She speaks English. and that we always separate them from the main clause with a comma. to ask about something we don't know. Use relative clauses where you can. haven't you? :::.. the sentence stilt makes sense: It's really cold today. If the verb in the main part of the sentence is negative. Note that defining relative clauses are not separated from the main clause by commas. We can use tag questions to check something that we think we know. . )la:. are read by young and okJ alike. the fact that the elections take place fNefY three years is democratic) Write a sentence about each of the following. is spyuut from peyson. There are two types of relative clauses: defining (Identifying) and non-defining. because she doesn't have much money. 5 LQ. isn't it? There al'8n 't any concerts here this weekend. it is odd that she lives in a big hOuse) The elections taka place SVSf}' three )'OOIS.'vam U1U-vey~. doesn't she? 71 F""" In simple tenses (simple PfBSSfIt and past). UJ peyson. In this case. using a relative clause.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Relative clauses A relative clause gives more information about a noun 1"1 the main clause of a sentence. where or when. If we leave out the information in the relative Clause.e. using words and phrases from 2. ~. In this use the voice falls on the tag question: '!-tlu've been to Europe several times. Choose a word to define from the list. whose.Jl:. antib.. Non-defining relative clauses Kevin and Laura aren't coming tonight. 3 Mumps is a painful disease..otics a hangover a topic sentence Japan alcohol an optimist B A professor. Note that we do not use the pror1C)IJ'I that in non-defining relative clauses. strnss 2 Non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers We can use non-defining relative clauses with which to commeflt 00 the Idea in a 'NhoIe sentence: 3 Prevention and cure antibiotics mediCation diet sanitation exercise sloop hygiene vaccination She lives in 8 v&y big house. or idea.e.1UWY. In pairs. tests are restricted to traditional kinds of intelligence.I Identifying or defining relative clauses This kind of relative clause tells us exactly which person or thing we are talking about. WOrlcs for the lOcal fflUflkipaIity. It usually begins with who.In!lue:n}4. Choose five of the diseases or problems in 1 and write a definition/description of each. a professor Switzerland a manager a biologist chemistry smallpox Vocabulary Summary 1 Diseases and problems acne """". i. didn 't he? In other tenses we use the auxiliary that is used to form the tense: In defining relative clauses we often use the pronoun that instead of who or which. hasn't he? With modal verbs. we can leave it out: I failed the math exam (that) I took last month. (The relative clause identifies which test.'y(:y pecple e.gh. the tag question is positive: This kind of relative clause gives additional information about a person. can 6e ptt'V'en1:ed now by a "Y(lCC. the voice rises on the tag question: I don't know Pilar. that.AIDS allergies anem~ eczema """"'" fatigue tuberculosis _esOOo heart disease innuenza stroke pneurT'oOflia A It's a person who teaches in a university. 2 Gabriel Garda Marquez wrote A Hundred 'rOOrs of SoJitude. fqr lis taw scAoot.L~. which is very democrafic. The Harry Potter t:xx:Jks..e. . thing.sdtes m tAe wo-dd. is especuu1:y welL-known. .-e'1f . who 's an architect. and any other language you need. we foon the tag question with doIdoes/did: information in defining relative clauses: She's the woman who won the beauty contest. which is odd..5 9t'V'en UJ e/4. Unit 9 Broin ond beauty .'1 Mandy tOOk the intelligence tast that focused on spatial awareness. We cannot usually leave out the We can also use them to ask a real question. al'8 there? My wife. when we snee. ~. giving more infonnation in non-defining relative clauses.e qr cqu. wfuch t. wluch is caused by a "YtrnJ.e. 3 Tag questions u. the tag question is negative. can he? If the verb in the main part of the sentence is positive. (She's the woman. wfuch is one of tAe k5l 1t. 4 Tom Cruise used to be married to Nicole Kidman. Non·defining relative clauses are used mof8 in written than spoken English. Where the relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause. guess which word your partner is defining. which have sold millions of copies.

You also need to understand and record the meaning(s} c '" for example. 1 t know a few people who have really high 1.0. e Finally. Seeing f " the election. cross it off your 1 St. Ten minutes a day is enough.. look at these examples and follow the steps below. are the punctuation. -J ~ 3 What techniques do you use to learn new grammar? 4 What is "grammar"? b Share your ideas with the class.U d . of the grammar and give an example to illustrate the meaning. discuss these questions. g This couk:l be n a conversation or when you are writing something. word order (e. I. L. 4 f:. a Use the examples to try to figure out the differences between a few. X". ACTION PIAN I> Your action plan: working with written grammar If you do not have a special notebook for grammar. I already do this. As you read. You do not want to sound too formal in an informal situation. 3 Putting the tips into use In pairs. and little. whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. spelling. a little. create a special grammar section in your normal notebook.sk yourself d you know wilen to use the grammar. but regu~ times to go over new grammar again. what information do you include? o >o > o c. You can also check 'Nitl1 a grammar book. record this grammar in your notebooks so thai you will remember how it is used. few. scores. 3 A little wisdom can go a lOng way. subject + verb + OOject). d Then dlec!<: your ideas about meaning by looking for other examples to see if they fit.U L. 2 Few people have high enough scores to be considered geniuses. b • Look for examples of it in differenl contexts. such as in order to + nfinitive: The 5 Review all new grammar regular1y or you 'Nil! forget government has increased wages in order to gain popularity before or hearing it again and again 'Nil! rep rneroory as well as . 3 Remember it's not enough to know the form . Match the tips with the examples of hOw to use the techniques.. think about these areas. b Compare your ideas with other pairs. in Vllhich kind of situations. *= I m ight try this. 4 There is little hope of finding any survivors now. increasing your depth of understanding of the fl8V>I item. *** = I will try this. Think in terms of both the form of the language and the meaning.. 2 Working with grammar a Here are eight lips to help you learn new grammar thOroughly.. h Go back to your lisl from time to lime. A good w'iX'f to do this is by under1ining examples of it in texts and making by noting the form.z Z C) 01: Written grammar 1 Thinking about grammar a In small groups. e g a 1 Think of grammar as a fun puzzle and a!\-vays try to a Set short. 1 What do you personally think about English D<J<] REVIEW Revtew your action plan: writing 8 short report In pairs. Brain and beauty Unit9 . f • Finally.e. note down some grammar that interests you and use the steps in Exercise 3 to understand and record it. VV11erl you don't make that mistake any more. I'm not interested in this. figure out the meaning first. Vv'hile you are working on Unit 10. exchange and read the final written report about one of the most popular team sports in your country from Unit B. Note: you wijU need to show a classmate the notes on the grammar that you have made in your notebook at the end of Unit 10. e For example: we can express purpose 'Nith connectors that are followed by an infinitive.I". ' notes in the margin. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy: is the language correctly used? For example. b Look at the list of techniques again and mark each one with one of these keys: . 2 Be systematic about hOw you record tle'N grammar b . and grammar correct? ~ ~ grammar? (Is it easy/diffJcultl\ogical7) 2 When you make notes on new grammar. or the opposite! b 7 Keep a ~st of the grammatical mistakes you keep making in a special part of your notebook.) Do these examples confirm your ideas? d Now check your ideas with the Language note on page 103. c Can you tI1ink of / find any other examples of these? (The text in Exercise 2b on page 102 might hep you. actively look for appropriate situations when you can use the language.g.

a Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. "fw She's the teacher " taught me French. Where he wants to live. However. (even though) The runners all managed to finish the marathon even thouKh the weather Was terrible . that had 1 We saw an interesting film last night lwl. 1 I can'l imagine I he I lives on I salary I can't imagine how he lives on hislthat salary. (ill order to) He wore a suit in order to make a good Impression at the interview . d stealing (steal) clothes from the store. 'in c Match A and B to make complete sentences. (in spite 00 She failed the test in spite of answering all the questiON .shlng ' . Then write the correct fonn of the verbs in parentheses. However. A 1 H Eating (oat) loss is 2 The childron apologizod for 3 Gettinll u~ (gel up) early 4 She denim\ 5 He doesn't mind 2~ h being (be) late. Use the words in parentheses. she failed the test. aren't they ? 3 It's been raining all day. do you? 2 Picasso and Dali are both Spanish painters. 5 A lot of women hove cosmetic surgery even though it is very expensive. strange as they work in the same building. 3 I always feel homesick' think ' friends ' my hometown I always feel homesick when(ever) I think of my friends and my hometown. which is 2 They don 't know each other. (however) Cosmetic surgery is very ewensive. hasn't it ? 4 She couldn't speak Japanese a year ago. There isn'l a bank around here. (so that) She took up karate so that she could defend herself from aUack .he had finished college. 1 You don't have a car. a e Complete these questions with appropriate words. they had missed thoir bus. 1 Although she answered all the questions. 3 He woro a suit because he wanted to make a good impression at the interview. 4 this country' need ' greater ' economic stability What this country needs is greater economic stability. a lot of women have it b Expand these notes to make complete sentences. have great special effects. which was 5 Tbey only bought one oftheir three children a bicycle. Write the pronoun in the correct place. ironing (iron) but I hate ill c not always the best way to lose weight. is there? . there are lots of job opportunities. ~ been a huge success. 4 She took up karato so as to defend herself from attack. " which have 4 The Star Wars films . e is something I really hate! a 1IID 3W <lID sl!!l d There is a relative pronoun missing in all of these sentences. ~ unfair. and add commas where necessary. 5 he I want ' live' there ore' Jots I job opportunities He wants to live when there are lots of job opportunities. You will need to add a question word to each one. 2 The weather was terrible. the runners all managed to fini sh the marathon. thatlwhich 3 I hate books have long chapters. could she ? 5 Excuse me. 2 The interviewer asked I she I wanted I do I after I finish I college The interviewer asked what she wanted to do after finl. music but no dialogue.

He's a great sprinter 4 She can jump in to the water hood first from a great height. 1 He can ju mp vory high. and a variety of cures and remedies.:. 5 Mary is reall y n very nice person but she has such Ihm lips that her smilos look fal se. Ho's a weiehtlifter . . so we really have to fight the causes of illness. especially at work. 3 Ho can run short dis tances ve1J' quickly. 3 You need to gel more sleep. He's a great hjgh jumper . as this is one of the main reasons !of sickness infUI:tions in the western world. 2 anJd. darling. often (medicaij med icine and food.::. They make him look surprised all the lime. in some countries (sanitary) is very poor and can result in a number of 3 ~nfect) that spread in dirty water poilu lion (pollute). It gives . .dmuession . but also from factOfies. patients are told to lead a less 1 2 sanitation stressfu l (Stress) lite It they can possibly do so.. Nowadays. . Kids at school used to call me "Neanderthal Boy". the mare resistant the bacteria become. foot o-{:. 4 It happens in the spring . Cities in many countries cause problems because they have serious levels of 4 arising from the number of cars. fatigue . Sho's a champion long jumper . . 2 I look so pale and I just don't have any energy. but I'm 40 pounds overwOIght. abdomen ankle armpit bottom calf elbow fingers fist foot hand hoad heel hip knee Deck shin shoulder thigh toes waist wrist What are theso patients suffering from? Use the noun form oftive of the words from the box. 2 I don't like my low foreh ead . Your eyelids look very heavy and yo ur eyes are bloodshot. for example.---..my eyes start to water and they Itch badly. A HEALTHY LIFE Modem lite brings with It a wide range of illnesses and diseases.'=~~) 3 hin knee g Complete these sentences with a noun that describes an athlete and that is related to the words in italic. allergic fatigued d iabetic can cerous obese strossfu l bald anemic depressed 1 I just can't feel positive about anything -l ife seems so black to me .f Complete the sentences with five ohhe facial features from the box. obesity . the most common of which are antibiotics. . 3 I guess it's partl y poor diet and no exercise. In other parts of the world there are other reasons for illness. stress wrist Complete the text with the correct form of the words in parentheses. 4 I never like to sec a prominent chin on a pohtlClan . as well as treating the symptoms. a llergy 5 I fee l nervous and tonse nil the ti me. Doctors prescribe different kinds of 5 to counter illnesses. chi n forehead eyelids eyebrows nose lips cars eyes mouth 1 His eyebrows arc very arched . the impression that they're very stubborn. Sho's an Olympic d iver 5 He can lift 150 kilos. 2 Sho can jump a long dis tance.. Use the context to hell> you. But the more antibiotics we use. . waist h Label the pictu re on the right using ten of the words from the box.

Unitl0 The world around
lesson 1
1 Speaking skill s

us
2 Reading skills
a T he following sentences come from the article below Read them and predict what the article is about. .

,I W,lin! d~ you know about waler? Take the wat erw ise qUI z and find ou\.

1 The city is lndore, in India, where [ grow up. 2 A project to draw water from the Narmada Ri ver lay unfinished for years.
3 T he city doesn't s leep easy. 4 Moreover. the water shortage is not shared equally. 5 M~ Il~oth er reminds every household member whe w IiI listen to use less water. ..........

b Read the article aud check your predictions. The sentences from 2a are missing from the start of paragra p~s A.-E. Write the numbers of each sentence "-" at the begmnmg of the appropriate paragraph.

Precious Fluid ~;
A~ It sleeps with one ear tumed to the fully opened faucets with buckets dangling from them. At the first sounds of the water's arrival through the pipes in the pre-dawn dark, bodies spring from beds to fiU buckets and pots. In the slums, people have been awake since before the first droPS arrived. Uning up, half-asleep with their pots by the communal tap, waiting. Sometimes the water runs for an hOur, sometimes just a few minutes. Sometimes the water company skips a day or two, sometimes more. B~ Several trips are made through the day to inspect the level of the tanks _ one on the roof of our house, one on the ground. The city'S poor people, with hardly any storage at their disposal, are forced to buy exorbitantly priced water brought in by tanker. Rghts erupt. There have even been murders.

e lIl

It has 1.5 million inhabitants and there has been a water problem here as far back as I can remember. Today it is estimated that the water supply to the city is half of the amount required . A rise in population and a steady decline in rainfall are usually blamed. But there are other culprits, too.

D@}

Meanwhile, Indore's streams, an histOrical source of water, were neglected and tumed into drains. The govemment's '-promise of "a faucet in every home" tums people into passive consumers of state-provided water, weakening the traditional role of communities in maintaining local water supply. The street where the rich live has lush gardens, even during the dusty Indian summer. An industrialist's mansion down thl road from my parents' house has an indoor swimming pool. ........ And then there are whole localities with either very little water or no water at all.

E!D

~ b Now listen and check your answers. c In grou ps, compare your scores. Who is the most "water-wise"? Which is the most important fact you discovered fro m the questionnaire?

.,. GLOSSARY (see opposite page)

UnitlO

The world around us

Objectives
Grammar quantifiers

Topic: water
Reading a magazine article, a quiz Ustening a conversation

Speaking
laking and discussing a quiz

Write wateron the boord. Put students in pairs and ask them to write as many uses for water as they can in one minute. Find oul which pair thought of the most uses. Possible list:

Introduce the topic

you con drink it; you can swim or dNe in it; you can water plonts with it: you can wash in it; you can hove a shower or bath in il; you can wash dishes with it; you can wash clothes/cors/windows with il; you con make fountains, pools, and ornamental ponds; you con go sailing/woterskling/windsurfing/speedbooling on il; you con put flowers in il; you can freeze it and make ice for your drinks; you con boil it and make tea; steam engines

There are many numbers in this unit, Here is how to pronounce a few. 60% = sixty per cent 1.5 liters", one point five liters 0.01% '" zero point zero one per cent (in British English, nought paint nought one per centl 2025 '" twenty twenty~five 400.000", four hundred thousand

Note on numbers

1 Speaking skills
Ask students 10 lake the quiz in Exercise la . Limil lhe lime 10 five minutes. Play the audio for Exercise l b. Ask students to Iislen and check their answers. Then let groups of students discuss the quiz. Afterwards, find out ITom the class what surprised or worried them.

@

2 Reading skills
Pul students in pairs 10 predict ITom the sentences in Exercise 2a . Ask students to read the article quickly, and find out whether any of their predictions are mentioned. Draw attention to the Glossary. Briefly, elicit answers ITom the class.

T .• ~

.~~-----------------------------------------------,
~

Put students in pairs to match sentences to paragraphs in Exercise 2b .

A lers check the answers now. B Okay. You read out the questions, and I'll give you the answer from the bock 01 the magazine. A Right. Question 1. How long can the overage person survive without water? We said b. three weeks. B We were wrong. II"s a - only three days. A Is Ihat all? Wow! Okay, question 2. What can happen if you don't drink water regularly? We said a - you develop kidney problems. B And a it is! That's correct. Question 3? A How much water should you drink every day? We said b. about half a liter. B Actually, it's a. at least one and a half liters. That's a 101, isn't it? A Yes, it must be about seven or eight glosses. I don't drink that much water. B Neither do I, but maybe we should. Okay, question 4. A Right. How much of our body is water? We said c, 60 per cent. B Thars right, c, irs about 60% water. A Good. Now, 5, approximately how much wa ter do we have in our body? We said c, 50 liters. B And we were right. C - our bodies contain obout 50 liters of water. A Well, that was okay. Question 6 was how much of the earth's surface is covered by water? We said c, 70%.

B Yeah, right again, irs over two-thirds water, so about 70%. We're doing okay. So, question 7? A 7. How much 01 the earth's water is drinkable? We said c, 10%. B ah, not so good here. The answer is b. In fact, irs less than one per cent. A Gosh, I didn't know thaI. Okay. Question 8, how much water does an overage African use every day? We said 0, five liters. B Yeah, that's right, a, five liters. A Good, and question 9, how much water does an overage American use every day? We said it would be more, so about 50 liters, b. B Well, we were wrong again. The overage American uses about 500 liters of water every day! Thors c. A Thars amazing - and frightening. How do we use that much? B I suppose in boths and using hosepipes, and washing cars - all that kind of stuff. A Yeah, , expect you're right Last question - by 2025, how many people on the planet will face a water shortage? We said 0, one third. B Well, the horrifying truth is that irs c, about Mo-thirds. Isn't that awful? A Yes. So how did we do? B Uh, we got five right and fIVe wrong, so it wasn't too bod, bull think we should really know more about things like this ..

The world around us

T l02

Unit 10

Ask students to research the article and list points under the headings in Exercise 2c. Afterwards, build up a class list of points on the board. Possible answers: The poor: lhey get up early to line up at the communal tap; they have to buy overpriced water because they can't collect water; they fight over water, and people are murdered. The rich: not affected; lush gardens and indoor swi mming pools The author's fami ly: mother reminds people to use less water; she inspects the fam ily water tanks regularly.

End this part of the lesson by having a brief class discussion about the questions in Exercise 2d.

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
Do the first as an example to get students started on Exercise 3a. Point out every household member in sentence 5 of exercise 2a, and tell students to underline it. Then tell students to find and underline other sentences with quantifiers in the text. Let students check ill pairs. Then ask them to discuss Ule questions in Exercise 3a in pairs.
Quick grammar
The problem with quantifiers is which words they go with - countable or uncountable nouns? Singular or plural nouns? And, since Ihis is often different from students' firsl languages, il can lead to many errors.

guide: quantifiers

Common problems and errors
Some nouns may be countable in students' languages and uncountable in English or ",ice verso;

-

All the furnitures 6fC comfortable. There .¥;R "
FF1~€-R

nice clothes here.

He gave me a lot of informaliofl5. Much, many, and a lot of I lots of cause confusion: He has fRI:JER money. Little and few may be interchangeable in the students' first longuoges. I have lew money,

Answers: Every household member Somelimes just a few minutes Several trips are made ... With hardly any storage , .. .. . half the flmOWlt required ... very litUe water or no water at all.

followed by countable, singular nOWI followed by a countable, plural noun - a small quantity followed by a countable, plural noun -a mediwn quantity followed by an uncountable noun · - a very small quantity followed by an uncountable noun'" followed by an uncountable noun - a small quantity followed by an uncountable noun *

*Note that. although followed by all w lcountable here, Ulese can also be followed by counlables, (hardly any people; half the students, etc.) Ask students to complete the table in Exercise 3b, then check wi th a partner. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 3c. Let students check with a partner before discussing as a class, Go through the example in Exercise 3d as a class, then give students a minute or two to read the facts and think of how they can express the facts using quantifiers. Remind them about the Language Nole. and clarify any confusion related to using/ow I a few and little I a little. Put students in pairs to discuss. Monitor and listen for accurate use of quantifiers. Afterwards, elicit from each pair their "best" sentence.

Unit 10

T 103 The world around us

c Read the article again and make notes on how the water problem affects these people. the poor the rich the aUlhor's family d Are water shortages andlor water pollution a problem in your country or region? What are the problems? Can you suggest some solutions?

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
a Find the quantifiers below in the article and the sentences in Exercise 2a. Underline the sentence each quantifier is in. Then answer the questions. every a few several hardly any half very litt le no
1

c Complete the sentences with an appropriate quantifier. 1 "Some more wine?" "No thanks. I still have some/a HIlle left." 2 It is the responsibility of even person to take care of the environment. 3 "Would you like to try the left or right shoe?" " I'd like to try .hW.h.. of them, please." 4 There are a (ew!some/seyeraJ coins left in the car. We'd better got them for the parking meter. S We get a lot of/a good deal of rain here in the summer, so the grass is very green.
d In pairs, d iscuss these facts about water. using an

Are the quantifiers followed by countable or uncountable nouns? 2 If the quantifier [s fo llowed by a countable noun, is it singu lar or plural? 3 Which quantifiors refer to a large quantity and which 10 a small quantity? correct group below.

appropriate quantifier. We Jose 0 Jot of our water because of old pipes. / We waste a great deal o[ water.

b Write the <!Uanlifiers from Exercise 3a in the

Amazing facts!
We lose 70% of our water because of old pipes.

Quantifier type Inclusive Large or medium quantities Small qua ntities Precise quantities Negative qua ntities

Examples both, either, each, ~, all many, a lot of. a groat/good deal of. seyeral some, few, ~, hardly aoy, yecr little a quarter, two-thi rds, ..llillL neither. ......lliL....., none

The average citizen in Britain uses 200 liters of water a day.

LANGUAGE NOTE Nota tha differonce betwoen Q [ew/o little and felli/little: We get a littlo rain every day. / The ground is dry because lIIe get little rain in the summer. There are a few French speakers here. / There are few speakers left of some languages. a felll/fl little", some: [elll/little = not enough

An average citizen in Mozambique uses 9 hters of water a day.

400,000 litres of water is used In the production of a car.

GLOSSARY (Procious Fluid) dangling hanging, swinging slum poor area of a town with very bad housing exorbitant overpriced, costing much more than is usual culprit person or thing responsible for something badlillegal drain passage through which water or sewage nows away lush very green nnd healthy

Over two-thirds of the earth's surface is water.

Only 0.D1 % of the earth's water is drinkable.

The world around us

Unit 10

lesson2

1 Listening skills
a Look at the picture. What do you tllink the object is? Why is tho man !ooking al it? b Choose a caption for the picture from the olles on the right. @ C Listen to Pari 1 orlhe radio program to check your answer. ~ d In pairs, guess the answers to these questions. Then listen to Part 2 and check your guesses. 1 How many pieces of man-made jWlk are there in outer space? 70,00010150 ,00 2 What kind of man-made jun k is there? mostly sateUiles and rockets, but also wrenches, gloves, cans and bags, scraps of paper, plastic 3 Who dumped it in outer space? astronauts 4 What might happen if this junk falls back onto the earth? it might disintegrate when it enters the earth 's atmosphere 5 What's the largest thing that has ever fallen back onto the earth? a space station 6 Wh o does the garbage belong to? USA, Russia, Britain, Germany
e What do you think can be done to solve the problem of "space junk"?

<DGreat Balls of Fire ®
_ one of the tWO

"T'his South
Ylrlg

®A South
African farmer keeps his '--" distance from the bomb in case it explodes.

metal obiects
that fe\\ from the skY and landed ,

white hot , on a farm near

an UnUSual Orm of the €'<lme in Which
the ball is mad

r.

oUI

PaYer is tr .

AFricans I OCcer

CapeTown.

of melal.

e

3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases
a We use of to combine the conta iners and their contents. e.g. a lube o/toothpaste.
1 Which word in the phrases below has the main stress? the container word . 2 Which word is weak. with the vowel reduced to I~I? of a can of baked beans a carton of milk a jar of honey a bailie of beer a box of chocolate a bag of chips

@

b Listen and check your answers. Then repeal.

2 Vocabu lary: containers
a in the radio p rog ram. Major Lewis mentioned cans and bags among the space junk. What might have been in them?
b What usually comes in these containers? Put lhe things in the box in the correct columns.

c In pairs, check your an swers to Exercise 2b. Say the phrases with the correct stress. A inslan/ coffee B a jar of ins/ant coffee

4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers
a What is the differe nce between a lube of toothpaste and a toothpaste tube? Label LANGUAGE NOTE the pictures with the two phrases. We do not use the plural farm in these b Listen to the phrases phrases: and re peat them. Where is the main stress in a call of ooked beans these phrases? but (looked bean can.......,.. The main stress is on the first word .

instant coffee paint jam orange juice matches wine ice cream cookies cereal mineral water soda ointment olives tools lemonade potatoes yogurt
Tn,",

C ."
paint soda

,,,
honey instant calfee jam

Carton
milk

Do.

Bottle

toothpaste bakod beans ointment

chocolate beer cereal matches wine IDOls

chips

..,

@

orange juice icecream

orange cerfllli juice wine potatoes

lemonade ointment yogurt olives

minerai cookies water soda lemonade

=-=
tube oftoothpaste

= =

----

too thpas te lube

UnillO

The world around us

Afterwards. Point oul both the illustration and the Language Note..~ 47"---------. ond bogs. pausing after each phrase. It is 0 good ideo to bring in 0 shopping bag of different tubes. first put students in pairs to predict answers. whereas toothpaste tube is describing the object. Using realia 3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases Ask students to work in pairs to predict answers to the question s in Exercise 3a.• ill I The audioscript for Track 45 is on page nos ::. a baked bean can a honey jor a milk carton a chocolate box a beer bottle Ho" W"com. Play the audio for Exercise Ie. Make sure students are pronouncing of with a weak stress. For Exercise 3c. 100. . Ask students to listen to find out if their predictions were correct. Here in the studio 10 throw light on the problem is Major Richard lewis. jars.Objectives Topic: iunk and disposing of waste Vocabulary containers Grammar modal verbs: active and passive Pronunciation stress in phrases Ustening a radio interview Speaking discussing waste Write on the board: Introduce the topic a garbage can a recycling center a wastepaper basket a second-hand clothing shore a yard sale a landfill site Ask What sort of things do we put in or give to Ihese places or things? Why? Do you pay attention to whether you get rid of your garbage or junk? 00 you recycle things? 1 Listening skills Ask students to work in pairs or groups oflmee or fo ur to discuss the picture in Exercise l a and match the caption from Exercise lb. @ 4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers Ask the question in Exercise 4a to the class.. Model the activity briefly to preview and encourage the use of modals: I'm not sure. You can also use them in the pronunciation activity that follows to proctice stress in phrases.n" In Adlon " lodoy. then ask students to complete the table in Exercise 2b. Ask students to listen and check their predictions. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise le. o can of baked beans a jar of haney a carton of milk a box of chocolate a bottle 01 beer a bog of chips The world around us T 104 Unit 10 . program.a large metal hal! that fell from space. but J think there must be millions. You can use them to elicit the vocabulory. T . Answers will vary. The best caption: 1. Space watchers say that. Play the recording again . Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Ask students to listen and check.. something falls from the sky ~ery day.. CJ @ ~ For Exercise 1d. and point out that tube of toothpaste means Ihere is toothpaste in it. in fact. cans.. and ask students to repeat chorally. and it seems it wan·1 be the last. regardless of whether the tube has anything in it or not. Now. Let students check answers in pairs hefore disc ussing them as a class. t . bottles. Ask one or two individuals 10 repeat individually. I 46i'-. compile a list of possible explanations on the board from the class's answers. Then p lay the audio. Ask students to listen and repeat. 10 Sd... Answer: Th e object is space junk . ask stu dents in pairs to look hack at exercise 2b and practice pronouncing the answers with the correct stress. irs not the first time man-made junk has fallen on to earth from outer space. Play the audio for Exercise 4b.. we investigate a new kind of garbage called 'space junk: We begin with the mysterious appearance of two metal balls that formers in South A frica say fell from the sky near Cope Town. 2 Vocabulary: containers Encourage specu lation about the question in Exercise 2a.

elicit answers from the class and clarify any confusion... 6 Speaking skiUs Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 6a. 45'-----------------------------------------------------------~ For Exercise ld on page 104 II.. countries with satellites and space stations ought to be made to take more care of their things in space. at the Space Center at present. that's all fascinating.000 pieces of man-made junk that are floating around the earth.. Unit lO Tl05 Theworldaround us . thonk you for joining us today. vote on which group had the best ideas. And of course. Put students back in the same groups as for exercise 6a. like /I is necessary Ihal .500.. And where did all this junk come ' from? Lewis Well..a lot of it diSintegrates when it enters Ihe earth's atmosphere but some of this Irash is going to foil bock 10 earth. Make sure students say either should + verb or ought to + verb. we don't know andlor we are not interested in who does the action of the verb. b Somebody must track all the junk . they should be destroyed when they start to fall to ovoid any damage. we think there are about 70. then have a brief discussion with the class. pieces of junk? Do we know? Lewis Yes. Britain and Germany have only one piece of trash each that we're aware of. Somebody should destroy them . but mostly we're talking about parts of satellites and rockets. the United Stotes owns the mosl oboul 3. Presenter And how big are these . But this kind of thing happens every day. gloves.000 pieces of garbage out there. Let students check their answers in pairs when they have finished . uh . cons and bags. ask them to outline the main problems and their recommendations for reducing and disposing of waste. Presenter And is anyone going to do anylhing about the problem? Lewis We can hope! All the junk must be tracked carefully so that we know if there are any large objects up there ~ and. Presenter Uh. scraps of paper and plastic. Allow about ten minutes. and ask them to discuss the questions. And what kind of things are we talking abaut? Lewis All kinds of things ~ wrenches. Monitor carefully and be ready for questions. Presenter Major L ewis. Answers: a Ought is followed by to. that wrench goes out into space and becomes a piece of spoce junk. They tend to use expressions from their native languages. Altogether.. Somebody ought to make the countries take more care . 35 kilos and it landed with a loud boom in a vineyard only 50 meters or so from where some farme rs were working. Presenter Well. c 2 is more objective because it does not "blame" anyone by saying who should be building landfill sites. At the end. as happened in 1979 when a whole space station crashed inlo Australia. let's sayan astronaut drops a wrench while he's working at the space lab. 5 Grammar: modal verbs + active and passive Put students in pairs to work through Exercises 5a to 5d .it s just that our radar can't pick out anylhing smaller than these. Ask one student from each group to present their ideas to the class. We tend to use the passive to be impersonal and objective. Encourage students to practice all the vocabulary introduced in this section. After students have discussed the questions.both beca use it is followed by 10 and because it is difficult to pronounce. weighing about . can I begin by asking you just how much space junk is flying around up there in outer space? Lewis Well. Presenter And whot's going to happen to all this stuff .is it dangerous? Lewis Most of it isn't . a lot of it has been left behind by astronauts over the years during the various space missions... Then ask students to add to the list any ideas they can think of. Major Lewis. they're between one centimeter and 10 em in size. There were in fact two balls..000 to 150. In fact there are probably a lot more than 8. Presenter One last question: who does this gorboge belong to? Lewis Actuolly. Quick grammar guide: models The major problem here is Ihot many students ovoid modols in general and passive modals in particular. we're tracking around 8. Oughllo is also a problem . Give them three or four minutes...Put students in pairs or small groups to discuss Exercises 4c and 4d .000 items. that was a very hal metal sphere. well. if possible. Presenter I see. uh . huh. Check any problem vocabulary.. and Russia is second with 2. Do the first sentence in Exercise 5e as an example. At the end. Give students a couple of minutes to read through the table in Exercise 6b. The subject is somebody. thankfully no one was in jured Presenter And what about this mysterious melal ball in South Africo? Lewis Well.in other words. Presenter A whole space stolion! Was anybody hurt? Lewis No.000 .

g. and ecological. they should be destroyed when they start to fa ll . aren 'tthey? d Household packaging is a real "junk " problem . littering inefficient garuage collection too many nOll· biodegradable containers not enough garbage cam pollution of air and water from landfi lls lack of recycling centers c Make recommendations for your country or community. Decide as a class which were the best ideas. Present your ideas to the class. which onos do you throwaway. Say what you think the major problems are and make recommendations for improvement. ond nlso the schools should . which do you keep. Jllore garbage cans would help. paper.g. a small paymont punishing people who litter or leave their garbage in inappropriate places Ways of disposing of waste burying in landfill sites burning in incinerators sending into space putting in deep oceans melting and reusing for new products... 2 We shouldn't/ouK nol 10 Use (usc) so hl many plaslic shopping bags when we go to the supermarket. S If you have a garden. countries . in what ways? 3 How is waste disposed of! Arc there any problems associated wi th this? Problems Ways of reducing waste taxing households that produce excessive waste providing recycling facilities for more items. Decide whether to use an active or passive form. discuss the fo llowing questions. 4 People should/ouXht 10 be encouraged {encourage} to take bottles to a recycle center. The world oround us UnillO . When you have finished with the containers. Say what the current forms of waste disposal are and suggest some alternative forms which you feel would be practical. glass. something else Toothpas te tubes aro made of metal.. A Littering is a big problem. 3 . ought to be made to take marc care of thei r things in space.. A lot of people litter because there aren't fI nol/gh garbage cans in tilt) streets. 2 What do you think happened to your garbage? 3 How does your country or community deal with garbage? b In your groups. Materia ls: plastic.c What arc the containers in tho taule in Exercise 2b usually made of? Discuss in pairs. 2 . 1 Households that produce a lot of garbage s hould/oughlto be taxed (tax) more.. 3 Newspapers and magazines should/ought to be recycled (recycle). What is different about ough(! 1 All the junk must be tracked carefully . e. 2 More landfill si tes ought to be built. Which one is more objective? Why? 1 The govern men t ought to build more landfill sites. Who is the subject in each one? c Look at theso two suggestions. and which do you recycle? 6 Speaking skills a General waste is becoming a huge problem today.. economical. 1 What kind of things have you thrown away in the past week? Think abou t all your waste. In groups.... you shouldlought to put (put ) all vegetable and fruit waste on a compost heap. e. metal. e Complete these suggestions with should or ought to. Use the ideas in the table and your own ideas.. 1 What are the problems related to waste? 2 Do people try to reduco wasle? If so. b Rewrite the sentences with active verbs. Underline the modal verbs. B res. (I Stiffer fines s hould/ouCht to be introduced [introduce) for people who litter in the street. plastic 5 Grammar: modal verbs + acti ve an d passive a Look at these passive sentences from the listening. Answer the questions helow. discuss how waste is handled in your cou ntry or com munity. cans providing an incentive for recycling.. d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on pago 110. Le.. We think the city government alight to provide more garbage cons.

* bear abundant fruit with little supervision and carei * are enriched with vitamins and minerals. There are three words in each blank. 5 AnQther serious obh:<:lion is that growing GM crops in close proxi mity 10 other crops means 2 Explain why you think the y are the most that those crops wi ll be I contaminated I. so the s tro ng I pesticides have been used un ti l now will become a thing of the past. T hen listen and check. 3 Reading skills a In pairs. which cause blindness and anemia. 1 The issue of [I====G M ~L====I foods is a controversial one . read two arguments. and this has caused a lot of debate . important arguments in your text. * require little water and fertilizer. jill I b Choose the Iwo strongest arguments fo r or against CM food from your text. Fill the boxes with the words in Exercise 1. As Y know. 3 Fi nally. Since four billion people (about 60% oftbe world's population) depend on rice. The pressure to feed people is rapidly intensifying. contaminated crops flooding genes food chai n GM feed imp lanting pesticides resistant 2 Li stening skills @ a Read these sections from a debate on CM food. Scientists have recentl y produced GM rice with increased vitamin A and iron content. scientis ts can now p rod uce GM I cro ps I that can grow in harsh environments . GM crops will be GLOSSARY biotechnology science based on cells and bacteria flourish grow weil and be healthy a rid very dry with few plants a bundant plenty of. Student A: Read the text below and complete the table with argume nts for CM food. Fo' Against GM food: the arguments for GM food has enormous potential for helping nations suffering from famine and for feeding the exploding world population.~ b Listen carefully and fill in the rest oflhe blanks. Student B: Read the text on page 151 and comple te the table with arguments agains t CM food. for and against CM food . Second . 2 It is only in this way that we will be able to I feed I the world 's exploding population. Biotechnology is now being used to create crops that: * flourish in harsh environments such as arid land and salty soil. Ie is difficult to argue against GM crops when the welfare of billions of people is involved. It is now possible to create "super rice" with increased fertility and resislance to disease a nd insects. UnlllO The world around us . such as areas thaI used to lose cro ps through I flooelinG I or extreme heat. A tremendous milestone in this direction was achieved when the genome of rice was finally identified. this will have eno rmous consequences. 1 Vocabulary: GM food What do you know aoout genetically modified food? What are the argu ments for and against il? Use th ese words and expressions in your answers. 3 Write your partner's arguments in the other column of the table. in large quantities genome the complete set of genes in a living thing I resistant to insects. a gene from Brazil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes ._. The world's population is now six billion and will grow to eight billion by 2020 and perhaps eleven billion by 2100. the first time in history that this had been done fo r a major food crop. . 1 Describe the arguments to your partner. we arc Oll now able to change the I genes I in plants. This will help people who suffer from low levels of vitamin A and iron. proved that I that 4 It has al read y been im plantin~ I a gene can introduce sOl1s of problems into the I food chain : for example.

in which students read different passages and try to put together their understanding of the text to make it whole.. In the activity and loler in the lesson. You may wish 1 write the longuoge below on the board to help students do Ihis and 0 loler activities: Useful language The moin argument in favor of . and holp with problems.Objectives Grammar reported speech Topic: GM food Vocabulary GM food Reading Writing Ustening a debate Speaking discussing GM food a magazine orticle a discursive essay Write GM food on the board.. then elicit comments from the class. 2 Listening skills Ask students to fill in the boxes in Exercise 2a wilh words from exercise t . Then play the recording again. The mosl convincing orgument against . Groups A and B. ask them to describe and explain their argu mellts in pairs. is . monjtor. using a table they have coped from Exercise 3a into their notebooks. walk around the class. Ask What does GM stand for? Whol sort of food is genetically modified these days? Hove you ever eoten GM food? Whars the law on GM food in this country? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: GM food As 8 closs. This is a good wov of mixing students and crealing more interadion. The oudioscripl for Track 48 is on IXlge n07 ~ The world around us T 106 Unit 10 . is .. one A and one B. The main reason for . is . is lhal . Let students check their answers with a partner when they have finished. You may need 10 play and pause the recording to give students time to write answers. Divide the closs into fWo equal halves. Aa students do Exercise 3b. The main problem with / drawback of / concern with .. When students have finished... Put students in groups of fou r to discliss their ideas. in poirs. ask students to fill in the rest of the blanks first.. Then give studen ts a minute to prepare what thoy want to say about GM food. or Against (if they are B) al the top of a page in their notebook. In Exercise 2b. Do the first as an example. Tell them to write For (if thoy aro A). the longuage of presenting an argument for and against is used. Make sure that thoy exchange and write down each other's information. When Ihey have finished. . Then ask students 10 stand up and find a portner from the other group who has read a different text. Group A read the text on poge 106. Tell students not to worry about the other blanks at this stage. @ @ •• 3 Readin g skills This is a jigsaw reading. Group Bread the text on poge 151. they then sit down and do exercise 3b together. in exercises 3b and 5. Tell UlOm they havo nvo minutes to read their text and outline arguments. .. discuss the vocabulary in the box in Exercise la . Put students in pairs. students can check their answers with others from the some group. Play the audio and ask students to listen and check.

Model the activity by matching tho fi rst reported statement to the direct speech in ~xercisc 2n (section 11 as a class. ask students to read through the reported statements. He said thaI he it. for or against GM food. as they will need these notes to write thei r essay. and people with nut allergies are experiencing allergic readioos to these tomatoes. lor these reasons. Make sure that everybody fi lls in the columns. As you know. Finally. II has already been proved that implanting a gene con introduce all sorts 01 problems into the food chain: lor example. in 1. My opinion is that GM crops will be with us lorever. go through the answers as a class. Second. e. Answe rs: Changes: Verbs go one tense back. 5 Writing skills In Exercise 5a. therelore. such as areas that used to lose crops through flooding or extreme heal. 0 gene from BraZil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes. The teacher &9t" !fie Ihe onswers. Anolher serious obieCtion is thai growing GM crops in close proximity to olher crops means lhatthose crops will be contaminated. This could be sot for homework. Ask the groups to decide what their viewpoint is. In 2. Woman I agree with the first speaker that the issue 01 GM crops is controversial.g. from are to were. divide students into groups of four or five to completo a fo rlagainst table. My main objection is thot we really don't know what genetic modification does 10 a plant and. Quick grammar guide The main thing tho! students need to grasp when reporling speech is the ·one tense back'" tense chonge. He lells ~ me to be quiet. There is often confusion between the verbs soyond felf. Common mistakes include wroog placement of to and incorred use of on objed pronoun after soy. Common problems and errors Forgetting to change tense. so Ihe strong pesticides that have been used until now will become a thing of the pas!. And in answer to the argument about feeding the world . and this has caLlsed a lot 01 debate. In some cases. by forcing GM crops on poorer notions. ~~--------------~ For Exercise 2 00 Poge 106 iii. whal it might do to animals and human beings. UnillO T 107 TheWOl"ldaroundus . in 1. has caused changes to !Jad caused. At the end. Put students in pai rs to work on Exercises 4a through 4e. GM allows us to produce bask loodstuffs beller and more cheaply. etc.4 Grammar rev iew and extension: reported speech [n Exercise 4a. will be to would be. Monitor and help with questions and confusions. Ask students to follow the inslmctions in Exercise sd to write thei r ind ividual essays. fired. which should please everyone. will become changes to would becom e. Mon The Issue 01 genetically modified loods is a controversial one. GM crops will be resistant to insects. I disogree completely with GM crops. we are pulling them into a position where they wilt no longer be able to grow non-GM food. this may prove 10101. we changes to they.we can already do thot if we slop using all our land to raise CQ'NS and pigs for food. Sometimes. II is only in this woy that we will be able to leed the world's exploding population. e. F urthermore. for very good reasons. Peaple In these areas will now have enough to eat. we are now able 10 change the genes in plants. scientists can now produce GM crops thai can grow in harsh environments. ore changes to were. but my agreement stops there. First.g. the pronoun changes.

. section 3 3 The woman explained that implanting a gene could introduce all sorts of problems into the food chain. section 1 2 He predicted that the strong pesticides that had boon used unlit now would bocome a thing of the past.. Write them in the for/aga inst table in Exercise 3a. He said tbey . compare the direct speech sentences in Exercise 2a with the reported speech above.. Theworld around us Uni!10 . Your essay should have four paragraphs and be between 200 and 250 words long. d Write a discursive essay with the title Is GM food a positive or negative development? Follow the notes below and use you r notes for this lesson. '. section 4 4 She argued that growing GM crops in close proximity to other crops meant that those crops would be contaminated. Paragraph 1: introduce the topic Paragraph 2: list the arguments for GM food Paragraph 3: list the arguments against GM food Last paragraph: summarize your viewpoint and conclude the essay. explain. 1 The man claimed that they were able to change the genes in plants. Reported: He said GM food had enormous potenlial. should Direct: Reported: Direct: '-- Reported: Direct: Reported: d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 110. and list tho changes you find.. claim . ' . will. 5 Writing skills a In groups . In pairs. tell...Present perfect Direct: Reported: Past perfect '-Direct: .. and that had caused a lot of debate. Reported: He said they were . They exported food from Ethiopia..g.. Modals: can.. Scientists have rocently produced GM super rice. "- They bad already started the trials.. The world's population will grow to eight billion by 2020. Reported: He said they . c Usc your answers to Exerciso 4b and your knowledge of reported speech to complete this table. Use different reporting verbs. Also use the plan for writing on page 47.. say.. e Look at the text you read in Exercise 3a. report other things that the author said. Find the direct speech in Exercise 2a. argue..Simple present "- eM food bas enormous potential. He said we . Direct: "- Present progressive Direct: We IlJ'(l not saying that all eM crops are dangerous. think of as many reasons as you can for and against eM food. predict.4 Grammar review and extension: reported speech a Look at these reported statements from the debate in Exercise 2. .. He said . He said . The developed world can help tho third world. b How do these arguments fo r and against relate to your country? Agree on the greatest threats and opportunities that GM food represents for your country. We should all be aware of the problems.Simple past Direct Reported: ' . Use the information in this lesson and your own ideas. section 5 b In pairs. He said scientists . c Go through the arguments for and against GM food in this lesson and sum up your position. e.

1 global warming b 2 CO2 (carbon di oxide) c 3 Prepare a You are going to look for the answers to some of the questio ns in a short text. Group A text The greenhouse effect is the orocess where heat js unable to escape from the earth's atmosphere.lesson4 Climate change > 2 Task Read these frequent ly asked questions about global warming. have been the main causes of climate change in recent years. Scientists estimate their predictions for the future ~ knowledge of historical climate Change and comp uter models of the climate system . Globally. have seen a four degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. \. Grou p B: Read quickl y through the text at the bottom of the opposite page. The latest predictions for the 21st century are for an increase of 2. You have only three m inutes to do this. it mean s the sea level will rise Ilnd in some cou ntries thi s w ill cause catastrophic flo od ing. In others . such as Alaska.. If globa l warm ing is really h appening. Studies carried out by scientists into climate change in the last century show that volcanic activity... of a country. Th e teacher will di vide the class into two groups. e.4 degrees Fahrenheit. change in land use. air temperature increased by one degree Fahrenheit in the 20th century but some regions. Of these. greenhouse gases. Group A: Read quickly through the text below. non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of the air d the normal temperatures. rainfall .7 l degrees in the last 150 years... Scientists believe the m ain reaso n for Ihis is that we are putting too much 2 ~ into the 3 atmosphere . and greenhouse gases all cause climate change. odorless. c Work in pairs of A and B students. which causes the temperature of the earth to rise.. such as carbon dioxide. t UnillO The world around us . there will be no w ater.- 'r--' I Wha t is globa l warming? The earth's temperature has risen by 0. ) by the questions in the list above that your text answ ers and make brief notes about them.. which is a ma jor cause for concern. Can you an swer all the questions n ow ? '--' 3 atmosphere e 4 degrees a 5 climate d 6 weather f a un its that are used for measuring temperature b the increase in te mperature that has been taking place in recenl years v '--- "---' c a colorless. Answer your partner's questions. r l It---- . etc..... Can yo u answer an y of them? • • • • • • • • What exactly is t he green house effect? A Is climate change a natu ral or human-caused phenomenonWhat are the possi ble effects of cli mate change? B '--' Wilt there be any benefits associated with climate change? B How much climate change has been observed up till now? Is pl anting more trees a way of solvi ng global warming? B '--" Are there any alternatives to coal and oil? B Who is responsible fo r greenhouse gas emissions and climate change? B • How do scientists estimate the climate of the futu re and how reliabl e are their projections? A • What are the current estimates for 21st centu ry cli mate change? A 1 Warm u p a Match these key words with the defin itions. Ask yo ur partner the questio ns that your text didn't answer and take notes. but some people say 4 global warming is a m yth they say there have always been 5 cl jmate changes on earth and it's too earl y to say w h ether this parti cular change is part of a norm al cycle or something unusual. a region. The rise in temperature is called global warming.g... Some scientists believe the temperature is going to continue rising. or the earth e the air around the earth f temporary conditions in the air..5-1 0. hot or cold . The greenhouse effect is caused by both natural and human activity. sunny or rainy b Fill in the blanks in the text with fiv e of the key words. only desert. - \.. b Put a check (. These p redictions are based on a number of factors and are not absolute...

The world around us T 108 Unit 10 . 3 Prepare If you haven't done so already. making a group of four. present perfect F AOs on a Web site F page AQ Write global warming on the board. Then put one pair with another pair. Then put them in pairs and give them one mar£! minute to compare answers. Divide the class into pairs of A students and B students. Ask students to read the text in Exercise l b quickly for a general understanding before fill ing in the blanks. Give students one minute to read and nole answers to the questions. 0 2 Task A good way of doing this is a pyramid discussion. going 10. The best way to do this is to ask students to stand and then find and sit with someone who has read a d iffe rent text. an Writing Ustening a college seminar wifl. Ask students to read and check the questions in Exercise 2 that their text answers. and give them one more minute to compare answers one fmal time.Objectives Grammar Topic: climate change Vocabulary climate change Reading extracts from a science book. the other half B. Ask Do you think this is Q serious problem? What factors ore causing global worming? Elicit as many suggestions as you con from students. then check with a partner. and write them on the board. t . 1 Warm up Ask students to match words and definitions in Exercise la . divide the class into groups of four.. Label half the groups A. first conditional. Let students briefly check answers with people in their group. Ask the pairs to discuss their texts until they can answer all the questions.

8 . 2. Discuss the answers as a class. But what exoclly causes this global worming . let me explain a lillie certain gases ow 1ffi!llale aad trop tbe beat like a barrier Ibot tbe beal con't QeJ lhrouah So Ihe heal is lurned bgd: jnlo tbe gtmosphere and the tempergture rfses Is thgl clear? Student 1 Yes. Stop the audio after each question and remind students what numuer they are on. Student 1 Con't we stop this? I've heard that planting Irees is a way of solving the prablem. that is huge and very worrying. but haw do they know it will continue? How do scientists estimate the rate of climate change? Is it reliable? Tutor Well. Play the audio one more time. 4. 5.. I'm ofraid. but the pidure isn't all black. Ask the first question then briefly improvise a conversation with the student. 49'_-------------------------------------------------------------------. air temperature increased by about one degree Fahrenheit. Is that okay? Student 3 Yeah. thanks. yes. Tutor Well. Monitor carefull y. let me put it like this . Okay.is it natural ar human? Tutor The green bouse effect is coused by both natural and human activity. Moderate global worming will favor some fmmers. con you tell us ogain. Student 2 I don't understand wove energy. is milch worse. LeI students compare the notes they make with a partner before going through UlC answers as a class. Is it reliable? Well. Put students in pairs. who's responsible for all these emissions and climate change? Tutor GreenbOuse Iloses bove been increasing since the Induslrjal RevoluJjOD two hundred years ago. I think we'd better get on to . 7 Follow up Model the activity brielly with a good sludent. bUl lbesg sources of power need to be developed. increasing the forest meas will help to slow down global worming because plants and trees reduce tbe effe<ts of carbon dioxide.. such as effects on the migration of birds sgme species at birds will be forced tq migrale tq different plgces gnd some won'l need 19 mimgle gnymme so it upsets the balance of nature. but the future is likely to be different as we become more aware of the problem. ineilJde volcanic activity for example. The rise in temperature is called global worming.•. But humgn activiJ:. the ice ages. going fram extreme~ Uoit lO T 109 The world around us . and wove energy. 3. they estimate on the basis of historical climate chonge ond computer models of the climate system. what exactly is the greenhouse effect? Tutor Okay. thanks. 10. Ask students to listen and order tho FAQs.. A good example of the effects is the balance of woler: water resources wilt increase or decrease. Ask students to look at the phrases. Developing countries that don't have the money ta search for alternative sources of fuel will produce more greenhouse gases tban the United States and Europe. solar power. using one or Iwo of the phrases from Exercise 6. thars much bener. The greenhouse effe<t is the process in which heat can't escape from the earth's atmosphere and which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. Tutor Good morning. 6 Notice . 9.lhe signs me worrying gnd we'd be foolish tq iQ nme lhem Tutor The 21st century? They soy there'll be on increase of between 2. especially if the trend continues. pot1iculgt1y in dry megs wh ere there'll be mme rgin Student 3 How do we know about this? I mean. how much climate change has been observed? Tutor In the 20th century. •• Answers: Additional information is underlined in the audio script. 00 ils owo Ibis jsn't enot I~b to stop or even reduce global wmmiM IhouQh we hove to cui down on our production pf greenhouse QQsgs Whallhgr megns is we hgve to stoP using fossil fuels Student 3 Are there any alternatives to cool and oil? Tutor Well. yes. Tutor TbO hmnessinQ the power O the tides ond 'Ising it 1 t<. which means the countries of lhe developed world hove been mostly responsible for greenhouse gases sa for. let me give you some examples the usg at cm god gircraft filel lactorv emissions gases IISed in freez ing 01[ of th ese add to greenhoUSE Illlses and couse climate change. 7.5 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit. Now. so there's a lot of disagreement in the scientific world about global worming. and discuss their use with a partner. so lhere'li be mgre floods and droughts Seq levels will rise jn some cOQstgl megs gnd some low-lyiM islgnds mgy be lost completely under the hot to extremely cold. Answers: 1.it sounds great to mel So whO! are the effeds of climale change? Tutor Well. The climate of the earth has changed many times in the post. everyone. but some regions like Alaska have seen 0 four-degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. 4 Feedback Briefly discuss the results with the class.<. there are some pretty bad effects. 6 Play the audio again. Student 2 What I can't understand is why everyone thinks a rise in temperature is bad . the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissioDs. f 0 make electricity Understand? Student 2 Yes. we don't really know. noting mistakes and prompting students to use the phrases they have studied. In re<ent years. Before we talk serious~ about the next block of work do you hove any questions on climate change? Student 1 Yes.there's wind energy. Student 4 What ore scientists prediding about this century? ""'Student 2 But is it all bad? Wan" there be any benefits from climate change? Tutor Not many. Student 3 So. Naruml (mise. Tell them to take turns asking and answering the questions in Exercise 2. and I'm sure you're aware of them ..

There will. 6 Notice ~ Listen to the seminar again. in the fu ture. however. One way to do this is to cut down on our use of fossil fuels like coal and oil... 7 Follow up [n A and 8 pairs. or chock 011 understanding? 1 Lei me explain . cla rify something 2 Is that clear? check on understanding 3 A good example o r .. There will be heatwaves and more air pollution.... introduce aD example Tell the class how many questions you could answer. In recent years. Sea levels will ri se in some coastal areas.. There are ways of attempting 1 slow climate change... be some benefits.. Group B text Climate change will force some species of birds to migrate: water resources will increase or decrease. For this to happen. clarify something Understand? check 011 understanding 8 Let me give you some examples. we must cut down on OlIr production of carbon dioxide. which of course means that the countries of the developed world so far bear the main responsibility for greenhouse gases. (The words may be slightly different. 1 00.. However. Ask about any questions you were unable to answer. there will be more floods and droughl . but on its own this is not enough 10 stop global warming.. two hundred years ago. ask and answer the FAQs again. and use the phrases from Exercise 6. which is possible but must be done gradually: coal and oil can be replaced over a period of lime by wind energy and solar DOWer.4 Feedback . developing countries like India and China will produce more greenhouse gases than the United Stales and Europe... ..) Listen again and make notes of any additional infomlation to an swer the questi ons. such as replanting and increasing the area of the wortd's 0 forests. '--. 5 Compare Listen to a college seminar about climate change.. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissions. \. try to make your answers as full as possible. Some areas will have more water and more synshine. Climate change is not entirely new: greenhouse gases have been increasing since the Industrial Revolution. introduce an example 4 5 6 7 Is that okay? check on understanding Let me put it like this ... This time. The world around us . Moderate warming will fayor some fanners.. Number the FAQs in the order you hear them ..... How are these phrases used? Docs each one introduce an example.which in turn will cause infectious diseases to spread.. clarify something What that means is .. clarify something. because plants and trees reduce Ihe effects of carbon dioxide.

5 "This is one small step for a man. we don't see it as being imposed by the speake(: You ought to IIlV6St more in road-bUilding. ~ She said she had had an idea. mineral water. Adverbs of place and time often change too. that place. predict. ~ She said she was thinking about it. Some modal verbs change in reported speech: Quantifiers Followed by noun 1 plural COLf1table Examples 1 both books 2 either book We can find it . 3 "I'll lOve you forever....g said . like 'ther each 0 hem. the suggestiorv'obIigatiOn is ~ive.. JUliet!" Romeo swore . hardy any money 1 half (oQ the books 2 a quarter of the 1 2 "I came. They said they could find it. You should listen to her... and had cOOiluered . matches.. I don'. 3 I invitee.. Bottle '-' 2 Modal verbs + active and passive We often use the paSSiVe after modal verbs: beer.. claim. d etergent Seat belts should be worn at all times. Columbus daimed he had discovered a new land..r 3 (a) little 4 hardy any quantities ". olives. 4 "I have a dream. money Vocabulary Summary 1 Containers Tube toothpaste. e.." Neil Armstrong said .. . They said they would meet us 2"''''' 3_ 4 ""'" 5 aI ~he) 2 sOgUar COLf1table J singtJar COU"Itabie 4 SirlgLW COlI"lIabie 5 plural coootabIe or the next day. k:e cream. 1 a chemical used to kill insects pesticide 2 harm a substance by passing or spread ing chemicals to it contami nate 3 give food to feed 4 the complete set of genes in a living thing genome 5 put something into a person. and would do not change: You ought to compiete the form .to'" Large or . .ral COLf1table or two-thirds of Negative q uantities ' ''' 2 rl9Ither 3 rona Of the money no book I no books I ro money """""- 2 sngJIar countable 2_ 3 3 pItxaI countable or lI'lCOI. . I'm thinking about it. oil . instant coffee. 2 E c... He said I should hsten to her.. She said she had heard of that pIaco. We will . .. potatoes. both of the books. I conquered. ointment baked beans. The most common reporting verbs are say and Ieli. 3 Reported speech In reported speech the verb usually changes tense. tOOls. many .Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of quantifiers Type Inc lusive The past perfect does r"IOt change: I had heard of this place. peanu t bu tt er milk. 1 Wool u like~ neither of these coats? No. yogurt..." J" Carto n AJI student in class should have a textbook." Caesar said ... butter chocolate. many books 2 a lot of books I a lOt of money 3 a great deal! a good deal of money 4 several books 1 some books I some money 2 (a) few books 3 (a) little money 4 hardly any books I 2 a 101 01 medium quantities 3 a great deal! a good deal of 4 several Sm all 2 pllI<II COU'ltabie or uncountable 3 uncountable 4 pural countable 1 plural countable or uncountable 2 plural countable 3 uncountable 4 p/lxal countable pkxal COlJ'llabie Remember that the pronouns in reported speech often change... argue. should. wine. i.. envelopes We can use the COlI'ltabie quantifiers with a pltral noun if we add of the: each of the books.g. cookies Add these item s t o th e correc t column. Bo. """'" 4 ""'" book 5 an the books I compJete the form... He said I ought to """".. (an objective suggestiorv'recommendation) Should and ought to in the passive are often used for rules: 2 GM food biotechnology contaminate crops feed flood food chain gene genome GM Implant pesticide resistant Find five GM word s to match these definitions . Romeo swore that he would love Juliet forever.. orange juice.. c andy. . Neil Armstron g said this was one small step fOT a man .. soda.. animal.. s hampoo . I have had an idea. I ~ she and we . tomorrow . ought to.. (the speaker's opinion) B. it is better to use a variety of verbs when reporting speech. I was thinking about it . Caesar said he had com e. She said she had been thinking about/to Unit lO The world around us ..g. bo1I1 meet you tomorrow..@) some my friends but only fffW ~f them came to the party. e .uncoco_ 1 "I have discovered a new land. sardines." Columbus claimed he . jam.Xltabie none 01 the books I none of . lemonade. neither of the books Choose t he correct quantifier. shaving cream candy peanut butter envelOpes butter sardines detergent oil shampoo cat food More ought to be invested in road-building.. I saw. Mart in Luther King sai d he had a dream. they in the examples above. 3 each book The modaJ verbs... .e. 4 She doesn't ha~ a little friends in her town. lemonade. and moves one step back Into the past: I have an idea. had seen. " Martin Luther KJ-. ~ She said she had an idea.. paint. cereal. . shaving cream . Ihe next day. this place . However. ~~ .. Report these st atem ents. home 2 (a) fev. chips. ca l food honey.g. or a plant implant Cars should not be parked on the sidewalk.. Precise 1 half (o~ quantities 2 a quarter I or UI'lCOlI'ltabie 1 si1guIar/pk. e. announce.. admit. . VoJhen we make suggestions or express obligations using the passive.

dd-fl. Note: you will need to show a classmate the final version of your paragraph and your drafts at the end of Unit 11 . The paragraph begins: Although reading in English can be very difficult. and show your partner how you recorded it. Use the stages in Exercise 2 to help you. 4 Applying the stages a The student who wrote the essay in Exercise 1 did not finish the last paragraph. write the last paragraph of an essay about reading in English. c When you are ready.) d Is this student's experience of writing in English the same as yours? If not.!lIuYug!.can you improve each other's methods? CompeO/ltg a fYa'rnmtLy ~ 'W~ng a ~ m an b Compare your list with a partner.. a middle. Compare ways of record ing . Keep all your d raft texts as well as your final version. III a III b iii c III d IKI e Organize your ideas into a structure with a beginning. checking grammar. Ii. . Read the essay litle or question carefu lly and decide why you are writing it and who you are writing it for. 2 Exploring the stages involved in writing an essay There are a number of recommended stages in writing a formal essay. The paragraph should be no more than 120 words long.. and an end. Gan they improve your wriling? ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: editing your work Using the recommended stages in Exercise 2. how you worked out the ru les and meaning.m. Reorder them according to the most efficient way of writing an essay. c Exchange your revised essay with another pair of students.Oi!l:. go back to the essay in Exercise 1 and edil it.!: ~ ~ z - C) Editing your work 1 Thinking about writing a Make a list of all the different types of things you have written in English. First of all.sh eMm o >o --' LU > LU o CL text. and punctuation carefully. Look at the stages below.. Explain the grammar you looked at. Conclude the essay in one or two sentences. Student 8: Look at the spelling. The world around us UnitlO . correct ing all the errors you found. Ust a number of reasons to support the argument. 3 Editing a text a In pairs. Give it a title. look at the notes on g rammar that you made at the end of Unit 9. . d Exchange your work w ith a partner. Revise your first draft and check for structure and content. spelling. Write your first d raft from the beginning to the end. Ji><1 '" alt. is ~?np.. discuss what you find difficult abOut writing in English. c Read the text written by a person studying EngliSh. write the paragraph individually. I<l<l REVIEW Review your action plan: wonting with written grammar In pairs. brainstorm and note ideas for this parag raph. They are in the wrong order.rtanl !:c 'wrJe '" """""". how is it different? e In groups.. rewrite the essay. l'/"r"J:mg on [~ can hJy Ie 'W!¥)f a n1l. Proofread your final essay.. The first sentence is: b Together. Read their version of the essay and improve it if you can . the grammar the spelling the content the structure punctuation Student A: Look at the grammar and the content. and structure. You w ill need to look at all 01 these features very carefu lly. (Do not worry about the errors in the 0<:: :::) [ngt. In groups. lEI f ~ g Brainstorm ideas that are relevant to the question.6er GLOSSARY draft {of a lext] unfinished stage in developing writing proofread read something to find and mark errors for correction b In pairs. it is important to read for a number of reasons. Rewrite the text and produce your final essay. A. organize the ideas that your g roup thought of. punctuation.

and it shows some promise. This is hugely popular.a group episodes. training to do concerts. Chan¥ weeks and filmed for 24 hours a day . The young would·be stars in recent episodes have been competing to see who is going to represent the U.5 A d III groups. P G People are nosy. h Road tho reviews again. * the channel. in the Pan -American Song Contest. 3 Listen to a phone-in program. Reality TV on your screens this week Adrian Soloman reviews the current reality TV shows. (psyc hologist). 4 P **· 35 causing comment. P 5 These shows give people a kind of power over olher peop le's lives. Can the participants survive on what they find on the island? What will they eat? This hasn't been running as long as the other shows. Gripping stuff! 2 1. There they have to cope with living on a farm and working in a fast-food resturant .is as fascinating as ever and still claims a 10 prime· time slot in the evening. showing for more than ten ** OK for a couple 0 years. this show hasn't managed to generate much excitement in spite of the good-looking cast and the provocative theme. Choose the rating you think the reviewer gave each show. discuss these questions. Below are some reasons for the popu larity of reali ty TV shows. ThiS was the first modern *** Very interesting. anger.I Read tho reviews of four reality TV shows. reality show and it has been worth watching. very entertaining.1 Speaking skills Look at the pictures and answer the questions. M. M (Myriam) or p. Match each rev iew with one orthe pictures. Which of the shows in the pictures are mentioned? ~ b Listen again. Switch to the big movie on ChannelS instead. 1 Which of the shows sounds the most interesting as a TV show? Z Which reality shows have you seen'" \Vh did you watch them? . none has beaten the original idea.de. Who gives these reaso ns? Write K (Kate). what is the fascination of re~ lit y TV? ~~y w~ether you agree or disagree With Ih e oplll lOns III Exercise 3b. K 1 Rea lity T V shows arc something new. " 1 primo-timo slot (line 10) a time in when il lot . K 2 People talk about them. Quite frankly. Unit 11 Medio . c In yo ur opi nion . P 3 People like scandal and watch in case anyt hing happens! M 4 People get involved in the shows.S. Despite the number of similar shows now produced.Ieollie are watching in the evening 2 gnppl~lg sluff (line 13) exciting SUbjllcl 3 cast (lllIe 21) people appearing in the s how 4 switch to (line 22) change channels 5 sett ing (line 32) placellocation 6 would-be slars (line 38) people who wan I 10 be fam ous 1 B* *" **** Excellent . if there's 5 of young people locked up in nothing better or a house together for several A big yawn. but the beautiful setting is not enough to stop boredom taking over after a while. 1 1 What kind arTV shows do you think they come from? Z \o~h at makes people wanl to appear in this kllld of show? Z Readin g skills . More than one person may give the same reason. GLOSSARY p rov~calive 25 30 C** Another one In the theme of "put a group of young people together and see what happens".of 1 . excitement prom ise {nl (here] potential to do well 40 A group of unknown musicians spend all their time in an academy. The concept . y :4 Would you ever take part in one of these shows? Why? I Why not? 20 3 Liste n i ng skilis ~ It Two spoiled young rich girls leave their posh Beverly Hills homes to go and live in a small town in Arkansas. They like gossip."'-' miss it. but the action takes place on a beautiful Pacific island . c Figure out tho meaning of the followin" words and oxpressions from the context. so everyone wanls to see them. and the winners have become national superstars with their albums.

The audiascript for Track 50 is on page nl3 :ill Media T 112 Unil ll . Ask students to find prime-time slot in the text ond underline il. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise 3c. Answers: Reality TV programs. ask studen ts to listen to the audio again and put the correct letter next to each reason. realily TV. documentary. Let students work in pairs to discuss words and expressions in Exercise 2c. People want to be fa mous. American Idol (0) In Exercise 3b . breakfast TV Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Put students in pai. Do the first one as on example. and write them on the board. Answers: Big Broth er (8). quiz show.Objectives Grammar present perfect progressive Topic: reality TV Reading a TV program review Writing Ustening Speaking discussing TV a review of Q TV show a radio phone-in programs Write TV programs in the middle of the board. talk show. soap opera. want to win a lot of money. Allow them to check their answers to Exercise 2b in pairs. Ask studen ts to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d in groups of four or fi ve and then have a brief class discussion .rs to discuss the questions in Exercise 1 briefly. want to have a career in the media. Then have them share answers with the whole class. •• 2 Reading skills Allow four min utes for students to do Exercise 2a. Guessing meaning from context 3 Listening skills Play the audio fo r Exercise 3a. Ask students to listen an d say which shows are mentioned . drama series. sitcom. Ask What clues in the sentence help you figure oul/he meaning? Answer: In Ihe evening tells students that a prime-time slot must be a ·slor in the evening lV schedule. •• Show students how to guess what the words mean by looking at context. Ask Whal pon of speech is if? Answer: compound adieclive and noun. lifestyle program. Elicit as many different types of programs as you con from students. Lei stude nts check their an swers in pairs before discu ssing them as a class. Ask How often do you walch TV? Who! kind of programs do you walch? What kind of programs do you never watch? TV programs: news and current affairs. want to test themselves in difficult circumstances.

this is what often attracts people to shows like Blind Trusl . on the line I have Myriom Sanchez from Mexico. a bn like our American Idol .W'ho is staying on the show or who has been voted oft. like. Professor Weinberg.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive Have students read the examples in Exercise 4a.. of course. MVOOm Well. Before leaving the topi c . Find out which students a re "hooked" on these shows. so why don't you give us a call and give us your toke on reality 1V? Now lers go to our first coller. Myriom Hi.. course. attemative ~. You see. Thank you. people get incredibly invotved in them. but in the rest of the world Reality TV has become a big thing in recent years. perhaps. Big Brother. the present participlel is different from the present perfecl simple in that it emphasizes duration and unfinished activity Common problems ond errot'$ Students may use a simple presen t tense to refer to something that started in the past and tha t continues up to now. like in Big Bro/her . you know who! I mean? Host Yes. the main reason was the nove~ value . who is in the States doing her Masters Degree. then ask students in pairs to match forms to rules. on the solo. Ask each pair to follow the steps in Exercise sb to write their review. we also like to control other people and hove some influence on their lives.fJ"e eeeR we(~Rf/ lote losl week. have you been wotching all these real ity shows? Kate Wel l. Encourage pairs to comment on each other's work.and also because everyone's been talking about it. Kate. This morning we wont to know who! you think. _on 5 Writing skills Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise Sa . The viewer hopes that maybe. Kate Good morning. It's coiled The Academy. they kind 01 control people's lives. I also think people liKe the power that voting gives them. thars it _ people who wont to be pop stars are auditioned. because the people in it still go about their lives. Myriom. Lead in briefly by eliciting names of popular reality TV programs that have been shown recently or are on currently. some of them. Host Whot about reality 1V shows in Mexico? Are they popular? Host You mean we love to be nosy? Weinberg RighI. I see. where English would use the present perfect: l /We in Buenos Aires since 1995. at some point. But you know whars really popular in Mexico? Irs that kind of discussion and debate show. Unit 11 T 113 Media . Weinberg And there's one more factor. and they forget aboutlhe cameros. I gather we have a psychologist on the line. Then try to pair enthusiastic reality TV fons with a partner who.' years. Kate . ever since the arrival of Big Bro/heron Dutch 1V. we've also been wotching a show obout young artists. we've been watching reality TV since the earty days of Condid Comero in the 1940s. so everyone wants to see it. over several months _ it's been massive in Spain. Here in the USA. OIer there "Gran Hermono: you know. I think we humans ore fascinated by prying into other people's lives. Of. Host Yeah. Point out that the easiest way to organize the review is to organize it under the headings in exercise Sa . Host Right. Another common error is using the present perfect progressive fo r a finished event in the recen t post with a time reference: I J. in a game? Weinberg You mean like in Big Brolhet1Yes. in Spain 01 least. Host Now. They've mode a lot of those shows in the lost lev. In lad. The program where they voted on the first series was probably the most watched program eNer _ and mode front-page nOW'S on every nOW'Spaper. and rea~ty TV in particular. And of (ourse we hod Big Brother. Now. Irs sod but true. and which are not that interested. some juicy gossip might come out. knows little about them. I think there are several reasons. When they are ready. like Cristina-those are the most popular ones. you know. How do you explain the enormous popularity of rea lity 1V? Weinberg Well. Neil. Kate? Kate I think irs. so lers ask her the some question. Ask them to tell you which form is being used in each example. remind students to read the Language Note. one day. as your previous coller said. wotching them! Host Even though those lives are.. or something might happen in the bedroomsadly. Today we're talking aboUllY. of course. yes. wos incredibly popular. welcome to the show.. it wos something nfNI .. Host RighI.and this. Quick grammar guide. Now. The olher big hH is "Operoci6n T n'unfd" . ask pairs to swap r eviews. I just got bock.~--------------------------~ for Exercise 3 on Page 112 " Host Welcome back to liveline. so it really has spread around the world. We love to watch others go about their doily lives while we're sitting there. Host Why do you think thot is. is also what the program makers hope. Myriom That's been running for years now. Host Thanks very much. Ask students to ch oos e the best forms in Exercise 4d.. I've been living in Spain. chosen. good morning to you.. Kate. Host Why do you think these reality 1V shows ore so popular? Myriom Well. thars really interesting. Myriom .. _ periect~ The present perfect progressive (have + been + -ing. as well. Host Ah. good morning and welcome 10 the show. even the mosl serious. Kate. then trained. Kate ...

. (l'wo of the examples match one explanation. 4 Write your review together. b This focuses on the continuation and I or the du ration of the action. c Swap your review with another pair. Make notes of any other information that you might wan I to include.. Match the examples with the explanations below.. 1 What is the aim of the show? 2 Where does it take place'? 3 What kind of people take part? (the public? celebrities?) 4 How do they spend their time? I What do they have to do? 5 What is the public opinion of the show? 6 What is your opinion of the show? b Follow these steps to write a brief review of the show with your partner. 4 superstars . 2 . Media Unit 11 . c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 120.. 'o. m on 5 5 Wri ting skills a In pairs. Sam has worked I has been working for me since I star/ed the company. We use the present perfect progressive to focus on the continuation or the duration of an activity. 3 I've been living in Spain.. It's very popular.. answer the following questions about a reality TV show you both know. 4 Big Brother . really has spread around the world. or balanced? Think of a few suitable ad jectives to describe the show. We use the present perfect simple to express repeated actions and completed actions. 1 Look at the reviews in Exercise 2. b Use your answers to write simple or progressive in the rules .. then check it and edit it.. c This focuses on a completed action with a result in the present.) 1 It has been showing for more than ten years. the w inners have become national 1 I've learned ~ 'I'e been leu min panish for five years but I"m s I no vm' ood! 2 [ 'm not feeling well rve been coughing I've coughed all day. d Choose the best form of the verb in the following sentences.'. We usually do this with verbs that express actions tha t continue over quite a long time.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive a Look at these examples from the reviews and the phone-in.:"rrr~::re: Peace. a This focuses on an action that is completed.". 3 ['ve been seeing € e seli!YBig Brolher only four ·mes. d This focuses on the number of times the action has been done. negative. Do you know the show thai they wrote about? Do you agree with their review? LANGUAGE NOTE It is possible with some verbs to use both the present perfect simple or progressive: I've lived here / I've been living here for len years. 5 They've made a lot of those shows in the last few years. 2 Decide how to organize your review: which information comes first I at the end? 3 Is your review going to be positive.

they should '--'( persuade them to spend less 30 ..... Parents of high!O find it difficult to make school murder victims are in ~ friends.e damage can be the process of suing games . 3..3 Readi ng skills a D0.. 'l1. 1 How do you p lay these games? What do you have to do to win? 2 I-low many different kinds of video games can yo u th ink of. become more irritable and schools. combat.. video games over a long doesn 't think that violent period of time.th ink video games can be harmful? In pairs. Then listen to a video game designer talking about the games and check yo ur answers.. The next question is "What kind of people do video games attract?" What do you think? Liston to Pari 3 and see if the expert's opinion is the same as yours. 1 Speaki ng skills L~ok at the video games on this page. permanent ... video game they use IV or video game violence... DIscuss the questions.. he has video games cause violent 20 carried out exper iments behavior: 57% of Americans with 240 people aged six to questioned thought there 29 .... sports? 2 Listening skills @ a ~a lch the tilles with the types of games the box. .S.S. movement and eyesight but 25 very little thinking...... e. If "-. yo u . 5 make you less creative.... Video games: bad for your health? GLOSSARY nltentlon Silan the amount of time a person can focus on something without thinking about something else nttrihute (vh) believe something is responsibJu for A situation or event Unil l1 Media . dlscus~ the queslion and check the possible e ffects that Video games might have. they causing violence in U. Findings from a recent time playing video games research project in Japan and get them to go out and suggest that tOO much time play with their friends playing video games can instead. Video games can make the p layers: more irritable IiJ more violent more depressed 0 more lonely less crealive less sociable less intell igent 0 Jess confi dent fiJ i IE' b Read the newspaper article quickl y and check your answers to Exercise 3a.and discovered that was no connection between when someone is playing a violence in high schools and . cause and motivation for the "killings to some of the 45 15 Professor Akio Mori has been conducting research violent games..if you StOp companies for $130 million playing video games. you because they attribute the don't necessarily get better...-/ parents want their kids to have imagination and confidence. Professor Mori's research People who play video comes at a time when video games tend to have shorter games have been blamed for attention spans.g.... I 1 2 • magic lorror sports heroic action In ~ b The game designer is asked "What is it that makes these video games so popular?" What do you think? Listen to Part 2 and see if the expert agrees with you.. But the into the effects of playing general public in the U.

but you can play them at home I they have the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books . from six to sixty.. too. thcn play the audio. 'irritable = a bll bad-tempered and angry de'pressed ::: feeling unhappy cre'ative 'confident t Pronunciation ond 'violent 'lonely = having no friends 'sociable in'telligent meaning Ask students to read the articlc and check their answers in Exercise J b. horror. with the class check the meaning and pron unciation of the adjectives . Media T 114 Unilll .5i\ "" ~ Answers: young guys . Aft erwards. heroic action. But they appeal to all ages .Objectives Grammar Topic: video games Vocabulary collocotions with video Pronunciation expressing incomplete information Reading Ustening noun clauses using relative clouses a magazine article a radio interview Ask a few general questions to set the scene and help students relate to the topic: Who plays video games? How ollen do you ploy? Woors your favorite game? Who has never played video games? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking ski lls Discuss the question in Exercise 1 as fI class. Remind them to check the Glossary. 3 Reading skills Put students in pairs to discuss the question in Exercise Ja . Havo a briof class discussion about the question in Exercise 2b. Play the audio for Exercise 2a. sports.from as young as six till they become young adults. Then play the audio so that students can find out whether they predicted correctly. Elicit different kinds ofvidco games and write thorn on the board . Elicit suggestions to the board. Ask students to listen and check thcir answers. they have an active role. Ask them to check the boxes to show their opinion. 52 and 53 are 00 page T261 ::. futuristi c •• 2 Listening skills Put students in pairs to match titles to games. magic.the usc of color is fa ntastic I they involve the players in imagi native ways I in video games viewers take part. Answers: the graphics are incredibly attractive and real I realistic entertainment I simple to play I they have the dynamism of movies. . so they attract all ages. Suggested answers: combat.you can lind plenty of adults playing. Do the same for Exercise 2c. fantasy. The oudioscripls for Tracks 51.

then get them to make it go higher and higher leven if it sounds funny!] and then lei it drop suddenly from the word is or ore !like a deflated balloon1. model the activity with a good stude nt. Te ll students that they h ave to remember what the people said on the recordings. the speaker's voice falls to show Uwt the statement is finished. paint Qui the structure that all theso noun clauses follow. Model the fi rsi half of each sentence in exercise 4b. Give studonts a min ute or two to think about what they can say ahout the subjects in Exercise 5e. Then nominate an individual to soya first half.. Monitor and insist on good intonation patterns. Play the audio for Exercise 5b. the speaker's voice is still rising because the statement is incomp lete. and anolher the second half. ~ 1 Something that reatly onrecls people 1 0 video games . Ask students to analyze the intonation. This way you provide same whole-class practice before doing pair work. In Exercise 6a . 2 The thing I really ~ke about them is the dynamism. In sb. Write tho structure on the board: Something (tllat) + relative clouse + is/ore +compJement Th e thing (thot). as needed. with a rising intonation. then put them in groups of four or five to share their ideas. Qukk grammar guide Noun clauses often contain a noun phrase and are followed by a complement When placed 01 the slart of sentences. they are used for emphasis. etc. Ask a few volunteers to read their best sentences to the class. With the class. discuss the qu estions in Exercise 5c . At the end. Answers: In Sa. 6 Vocabulary: collocations with video Lead in Write video on the board. Then compare answe rs as a class. tI Jl 5 Pronunciation: incomplete information Play the audio for Exercise Sa. and so on. and correct as needed. They are besllaughl and learned as fixed expressions. put students in pairs to work through the exercises . 2 The thing I really like about them .Go through the example carefully so that students are clear about what they need to do in Exen:. help with ideas. around the class. 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) Ask studonts to match the sentence halves in Exercise 4a . For Exercise 5d . Ask studen ts in pairs to take turns starting and completing sen tences. ask a few students to read their sentences from Exercise 6c aloud with the class. Monitor and help.ise 3c. then get the student to complete the statement with falling intonation. Unilll T 115 Media . I\? 1 Something that really a nracls people to videa games is lhe graphics. Ask students to listen and mark the rise and/or fa ll on sentonces 1 and 2. Ask students to work in pairs to complete the statements in Exercise 4b with their own ideas. and then check their answers with a partner. I? Quick pronundation guide - alternative A useful way to set sludents up for exercise 5d is to start with a whole-closs drill. The secret 10 gelling students to imitate a good inlOflalion pallern for Ihese sari of noun clauses is 10 get them to try 10 start with their intonation quite high. starting high.. Monitor. nominating different students to complete each sentence with their own ideas. When checking answers with the class.. Ask students how many words they can think of that collocate with video. Let students chuc k their an swers in pa irs before going through the answers as a class.. Say the first part of the first sentence. Also point out the Language Note.

. and why..c Replace the italic words and expressions in the sentences below with words or phrases from the lex\." 4 I'd like to have . Then discuss them with a partner. 1 Something that really annoys me about these games is . but split the sentences. (line 29) blame TV 4 People Il~i{lk TV if. 1 Video games arc uSllolly more popular with boys than girls... 5 Pro nunciati on : in com p lete inform ati on Listen to the firs t part of two sentences from Exercise 4a... 3 I've never used.. b the action and the violence.. d the graphics..I . ~ 2 The thing I really like ahout them is the dynamism .ur ~bi/iW Iii' gp Ih. Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::. A Something that really annoys me about TV ._ _ _ __ _"!( c the way lhey're all so male orientated. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games is the g raphics. except two. 4 The things that may make them attractive to guys are .... 2 Something that really attracts people to video games is .I . LANGUAGE NOTE We can reverse the order of the subject (the thing .. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games ?! 2 The thing I really like about them ?! Now listen to the complete sentences. playing video games watching videos watching DVDs going to the movies surfing the Internet 6 Vocabulary: collocati ons w ith video a All the following words can follow video to form a collocation... Media Unit 11 .. P8SfJ9RfJi&!B for the increase in violence in Ollr society..IW ~ " r. ) and the complement (the dynamism): The dynamism is the thing 1 really like about them. (line 37) 5 The parents were right to ~ tlie video company /8 88111'/' (line 41) motival~OQ for 6 I really can 'I understand the 1 t. Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::.. a the dynamism. .". Which of the items in Exercise 6a would you use if you wanted: • to speak to someone and look at them at the same time'? Video phone • to make a film of your birthday party? Video camera • to take part in a discussion with colleagues in other cities or countries? Video conferencing • to go somewhere to play games? Video arcade c Complete theso sentences with a collocation from Exercise 6a so that they are true for you. Researc h 2 ffl\ BfJligBIiBl1fJ into video games and violence have not proven a connection. b Complete these statements with your own words.. [line 7) 'Y1lieo gameS tend to ie mJJYe p:JpUiay ""d:h IxryS than fflls. tJifdlt:Y hcftilld such mindless acts of violence... 3 The thing I really like about them is . 4 The thing(s) I really like about movies . 1 lawn./J .. ~ c Has the speaker finished in Exercise Sa? In Exercise 5b? What indicates this? d [n pairs. (line 44) sue (suing) 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) '---a Complete the sta tements from the listening with the endings on the right. is all the commercials. Which two? camera cassette cassette record conferendng game arcade phone ~ tape theater b Check tho collocations then answer the ques tions. S One thing that"s good about DVDs . compare your sentences fro m Exercise 4b.. 2 The thing(s) I don't like about video games 3 Something thai really annoys me about TV . find out whal your classmates like about these activities. (line 16) confidence 3 It is true that too many video games make you lose )'!... 1::::. Use the correct intonation . 2 I often use. as in the example. !i{ i'l p . Make any other changes necessary.1 1 e In groups. 1 Something thaI really attracts me to video games .. [ 71 1 8 .I'l8' . 6 Something that really irritates me about reality shows .

:_t4. c TV may be a good thing for some people.L % of the population their brains.TV or no TV? 1 Speaking ski ll s In pairs. Statistics tell us that in most countries 60% of the population h TV 'In the 2 li viD!! roomas a I 30% has one in the 3 bedroom . It appears that when we watch lV. It is certainly the most popular and most widespread. too. it is on all the time.4 hours watching power. look at the information in the article and answer the questions. and that watching lV at a distance of less TV every day. we would talk to each other more. In which room(s) do you have a TVt Do you have the TV turned on 2 Reading skills a In pairs. Which one? football or Soccer games. The same applies to talking to each other. look at Part 1 of an article below and try to complete it._ about your TV viewing habits. and 13% has one in the kitchen.4%). lV viewers. In 21 % it is 6 the chil dren . based on a survey ~ecjdes what to watch and of 1. e In groups..JL% of cases watch a lot of lV. List some disadvantages of TV. but it causes problems. the more lV we watch. whether somebody is watching it or not. Part 2 Then check with your teacher.. although the than three meters can day on which people watch cause stress. 1 How do your viewing habits (discussed in Exercise 1) compare with the article? 2 Do you find any of the facts worrying? Which onels)? 3 Are the facts in the article typical of the situation in your coun try? 4 Did TV affect your childhood relationships? If so. most homes in the U.you 've guessed itthe second part. which might even result in fewer divorces! TV facts Television is probably the most powerful medium of communication ever invented. On average. discuss thl::se questions 1ri. most people spend on only 10% of our brain average 3. In two out of three homes with a TV (61. also suggests that if you Only in 7---.>. b Compare your answers with another pair. which is discussed in are . Many adults don't even discuss which show to watch: they just get another lV and put it in another room. It is widely believed that if we didn't ""have lV. the less we talk to each other. 8 ~ % of th~ d All the questions from Exercise 1 are d iscussed in the most popular shows on TV first part of the article except one. headaches. Part 1 Does TV turn us into dumbos? A report just published says people who watch a lot of lV may be damaging 4 . In and sleeplessness. you will does the mother decide which channel to watch Finally. 5 the fa ther report. The 22% of homes.S. we use does not watch TV.000 U. ~ave 1 2 televisions In the house. the most TV is Sunday.!!.S. in fact. Only GLOSSARY dumb u a stupid person Unilll Media . how? (colloquial) read less. then read Part 2 and compare your ideas with the next part of the article.

and I was at home all day. without revealing which blan k they go in. but today we're going 10 talk about a different kind of addiclion . what's your advice to people who want to cut down on TV? Maureen Well. Host How did your life change exactly? You stopped watching TV? Maureen Exactly . I won't let it toke control of me. but then I lost my iob four years ago. The more surfing through channels I did. planning a TV schedule 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 1. Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise Ze. Ask if any thing surprises students. One of the best things about . met people. people don'//alk. •• 2 Reading skills For Exercise 2a. what was so bad that it made you give up television completely? Maureen Well. the more irritated I felt. rt you hod to go to another room to switch Ihe TV on. If I ever get a TV again. For Exercise 3 on page 117 !II Host We've talked about addiction a lot before. For example. you'd watch less TV. I think I'd go crazy. I'd be able to do more with my life. not at all. (For example. after a year or so I reali zed that il wasn't healthy. ask for lots of guesses before revealing the actual answers. Host So you decided 10 do something aboul it? Maureen Yes. but you have to be able to control what you watch. Afterwards. have mare friends. I'm not stressed out any more. well. So. you know. I watched daytime TV.addiction 1 the TV.it gave me more time. help students to make guesses al the first answer. And how about your health? Maureen Well. Now I feel much better. find another iob. The articles present a pretty negative view of TV. I would never have discovered the pleasures of reading. learn where the ·off" switch is.. First. Host I see. 56'~---------------------------------------------------------. For Exercise Zc. Host So you think that TV is all bad? Maureen No. students in pairs or small groups to make a list of advantages of television. like most people. Ask some pairs or groups to present their ideas to the closs. and if I hadn't stopped watching TV. find out whiGh students watch the most TV. explain that the answers rely on students' own general knowledge and guesswork. and on Sundays. But most important is to control the TV. I'd have less time to do things. So. Maureen. and he said that if I watched less TV. I'm so embarrassed to think about it now. and use il! Media T 116 Unit 11 . its relaxing to walch TV after a hard day. [f necessary.. I listen to music a lot more . and after a while I got hooked on TV junk shows. Maureen. If I still had a TV. No more TV. If I hod all these digital channels to choose from now. I iust used to lie on the sofa all day doing nothing. When you elici t answers from students in Exercise 2b.. I've done so much since I gal rid of the television ." I gave the TV away and my life changed . 'That's it. If students need more help you could write some of the answers 011 the board as they do the exercise.Objectives Grammar Topic: watching TV Vocabulary television genres Reading Ustening a radio phone-in Speaking conditionals extrocts from magazines discussing TV viewing habits. don't let il control you. Useful language: Additionaloctivtty An advantage of " is . we're going to talk to Maureen. I think a very importanlthing is not to have the TV in Ihe living room .quite a bit.put it in another room. Elicit answers fro m the class and note a few good ideas on the board. I thought. Note that only question 6 from Exercise 1 is discussed in part 2 of the article. is. give a couple of examples to get students started. so I went to my doctor. people ea/ TV dinners). who used to be addicted to the TV but who is now one of the four per cent 0 of people who have chosen to live without TV. same programs are very educational. and I couldn't do that. Host So. is Another good thing about .I've found a new job. I used to juSI watch TV now and again in the evenings. I used to feelli red and irritable all the lime. Ask. There's some very good stuff on TV.

Divido students into groups of four or five to do Exercise 5h . Ask students to sit down with their partner.. thon chock in pairs. Give them 10 minutes to p lan and write out their TV schedu le on a sheet of paper. t . Then give students three or four minutes to thjnk up and w ri telheir own sentences. Then ask Answers: The top p icture is of the American sitcom Friends. Ask students to complete the statements. improbable or impossiblel. 1'1/ reduce laxes. Choose one which lists the title of the program and describes its content. Let them c heck in pairs before discussing them as a class. modeling stress and pronunciation. Note: hooked on = obsessed with @ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Put students ill pairs to share their ideas. In terms of form that students make most errors. T he other p icture is of Fid el Castro being interviewed... The n ask them to stand up and find another student in the class w ho has chosen the same channel. 6 Speaking ski lls Ask students to decide what kind of channel from the list they wou ld like to design programs for.•• 3 Listening skills Give students a minute to briefly d iscuss the statements in Exerc ise 3a in pairs. Ask them to think. and aile or two pairs may have to compromise. Quick grammar guide: condmonals Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. •• . students need to differentiate between the first conditional. Common probtems and enors Students get the form wrong. and then elicit answers from the class. and reads more (3 and 4). Ask students to complete the sentences in Exerc ise 4b. When eliciting answers from the class. has a bette r life. where the condition is possible. You will need to monitor the "pair-choosing" carefull y. In terms of use. Now sho has more friends . Additional activity Find and photocopy a page from on English-language lV listings page. 4 Grammar review: conditionals Read through the example carefully as a class so that students are clear about the task. Photocopy enough copies for everyone in the closs. IUncle Bob speokingJ II is. It looks like a talk show. Answers: 1 and 2 were true of Mauree n in the past. IPresidential candidate speokingl If I were Presidenl. They often try to express the ideo of the subjunctive In the conditional clouse by using will or would. however. 5 Vocabu lary: television Read th rough the words in the list in Exercise students to match the words to the pictures. When students h ave finished. For example: If I become Presidenl. I would hove said hello. Model the activity in Exercise 4c by eliciting or providing two or three possible sentences. I will be happy. then check answers in pairs. I'd cullaxes. Let studen ts complete Exer cise 4a indi vidually. where the condition is unreallLe. 50 . Have students briefly share answers in the class and find out who wrote the best schedule . of 8 name for their channel. Ask students to scan the lV page and find examples of the different types of program listed in exercise Sa . ask them to show their schedu le to two or three other pairs in the class and talk about it with them. but cou ld also be no ws or curront affairs.. If I weflo!g 1:Je'¥~ seen you. and the second conditional. Monitor and encourage st udents to speak. ask a few individuals to tell you their best sentences. Ask students to liston and comp lete the task. The audioscripl for Track 56 is on page n16 It Unitll T 117 Media . If I will-win.

I didn't M--ve a TV m the fed. 2 They often lie on the sofa all day doing nothing but watching TV. we would talk to each other more.age ?> ut£<C f'YO:J'"am.I'd 'ltaf. I would watch it every night. future. unreal 5 I'll watch more TV if I get digital channels. he will become isolated. I would watch more TV. you would suffer (suffer) deprivation symptoms. 4 If your child continues (continue) to watch too much TV. [n pairs. and possible or unreal by them. past . you may damage your eyes. 2 If I hadn 't watched so much TV as a child.. focus on entertainment Channel 2: public service channel. p:mUe) 1 If you watch a lot of TV. 3 If they watched less TV. yo u are going to design TV programming for an evening for one channel. 1 They"re hooked on TV junk shows. 1 If you stopped watching TV. likes to broadcast new. I'd have less lime!o do mo re.m.:OD-7:00 /. 1 . . 4 Grammar review: conditionals a Read these conditional sentences and write post. future . unreal 3 If I had a TV.. Channel 1: commercial channel. I wou ld have read (read) more books. I'd be . Choose from one of these channels. 5 They surfchaflncls a lot while they're watching TV. 3 If [ hadn't stopped watching TV. 3 If the chann els showed (show) more documentaries. Top of c Compare your schedule with other pairs.k Pops teen. possible 2 If we didn't have TV. possible b Now complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. or future. prese/lt. Media Unit 11 . If you sit close to the TV. to 1 :30a. have a TV in the bedroom appear on TV be addkted to (show name) waste time watching TV . . hie 2 If [ still had a TV. Choose the best schedule for the class. Then discuss them in pairs. 4 0 """'''1. I. caters for people aged 16-35. they'd have more friends and a better life. present . less TV. unreal 4 I'd have gone out more if I hadn't had a TV. 5 [wou ld have gone oul with you last night if they badn'l shown (not showl Big Brother! c Make conditional sentences lLsing these phrases. Listen to Maureen talking about her TV viewing habits.m. Note the program type and an example of the show for each time slot. tends toward common interests such as sports and musi c b Plan a rriday evening's TV schedule. 4 If they sold the TV. (/uluJ<e.If . different programs Channel 4: commercial channel. Which of the statements were true of Maureen in the past? Wh ich are true now? Listen again and complete Maureen's statements. lalk show currenl affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show b [n groups.3 Listening skills a Some people are really "hooked" on TV. from 6:00p. eg. 5 Vocabul ary: television a Look at the two pictures on this page and find the kinds of shows they represent from the list helow.. to choose from 5 If [ ever gel a TV again. caters for all ages. 6 Speaking skills a In pairs. you will read less.:rwm. present.ch {. think of the most popular eXflmple in your country of each category of TV sbow.. discuss whether these statements are true of anyone yOll know. I won't let iltake control of me. they'd read more. he said that if [watched less TV. focus on education and information Channel 3: public service channel.. caters for people over 30. caters for all ages.

social events. a politician who is having an affair. Then. 3 What was the headline on the front page? 4 Was the report sensational or factual? 5 Were there any scandal or gossip reports? 6 Does this newspaper have a large circulation? 7 Which section of Ihe newspaper did you read in mosl detail? Sections: national news. entertainment b Now discuss newspapers in general in your country. 4 Famous people are usually secretly pleased that newspapers write about them . 2 How many are tabloids/broadsheets? 3 Whal sect ions can probably be found in each of them? 4 Who is the main audience for each one? (young people. the classifieds.it shows that they are still important. 3 The public has a right to know every detail about the lives of fam ous or important people. in pairs. reader comments.. 1 How many major newspapers are there in your country? . 5 Any kind of spying on famous people by newspaper reporters should be banned. crime reports. (For example. conservat ives.) 2 Any person who is in the public eye has to expect media interest..) 2 Task a One of the crit icisms of some newspapers is that they do not respect people's privacy. decide on four "golden rules" of conduct for journalists. How do newspapers breach people's privacy? Who is usually affected by breaches of privacy? b You are going to draw up a code of conduct on privacy for newspapers. say whether you agree or disagree with these opinions and why. discuss the questions with reference 10 the last newspaper you read. 1 Newspapers have a duty to publish anything they think is in the public interest. editorials. sports . international news. Unill l Media . 3 Prepare In groups. 6 Newspapers which publish inaccurate reports about famous people should be fined and banned from publishing the reports. or think of your own ideas. etc. In pairs. You may use the points in Exercise 2b and rewrite them so they reflect your opinion. middle/lower economic groups. )ocalnews. 1 Was il a tabloid or broadsheet newspaper? 2 What was the lead story about? Report the main points 10 your partner. business people. liberals. even if it reveals private information abo ut people..1 Warm up a Check th e words and phrases in italic in a dictionary or with your teacher.

such as the victims of crime or lottery winners. etc. TV celebrities. Put students in pairs to read the opinions in Exercise 2b and decide whether they agree with them or not. politicians. going through your garbage: taking photos with powerful lenses on beaches or in bedrooms. Elicit an explanation of breach le. Suggested answeres: Newspapers breach privacy by: interviewing ex-friends. are also affected. people in the news for other reasons." Monitor and help with vocabulary. sports stars. Have a brief class discussion of the answers. following people. small ads on the inside pages edilOfials '" newspaper articles in which the editor gives the newspaper's opinion on on issue in the news Vocabulary 2 Task Have a brief class discussion.Objectives Topic: newspapers and privacy Writing a code of conduct Grammar modal verbs. ex-partners. Show them 10 students and pass them around the class. However. bring in two or three different English languoge newspapers. Ask What are the names of the newspapers? What kind of newspapers do you think they ore? What stories are fronl page and back page nev. Put students in pairs to ask and answer the questions.'S? You could use the newspapers 10 elien and/or explain the words In italics in exercise 1 a. Introduce !he topic 1 Warm up Ask students to road through the questions in Exercise 1a and check the vocabulary. going through private records.g. active and passive Speaking presenting ideas for a code of conduct If you can. and neighbors. Divide tho class into groups of fo ur or five to d iscuss the questions in Exercise l b . to breach privacy). Bri ng a newspaper 10 class to hel p you point oul and explain di fficult vocabulary. such as doctor's records. The people usuall y affected arc well-known people . Media T 118 Unit 11 . 3 Prepare Put students in groups of fou r to wri te their "golden rules. •• tabloid = newspaper with small pages and sensational staries broadsheet'" newspaper with big pages and serious stories lead story '" the main story on the frool page classifieds '" short.pop and movie stars. and elicit ideas in answer to the questions in Exercise 28 .

I think we can all agree that our first rule is that we do not invade the privacy of people who are sick or dying. but it was taken in France. I think thars on intrusion on her grief. even of close-ups with telephoto lenses. No one should be allowed to print that. which is why there were all the problems -that newspaper had an exclusive. Ask students to listen and answer the question . so pictures of the funeral are okay.restaurants are really private places that open up to a few people at a time. oren'tthey? So. Answers: They say thai because the photo of Princess Diana was taken in France. rather than the pictures was token? A Yes. ask students to complete the descriptions and play the audio again .the event is in a public place. The photographer had taken close-ups of her crying. bull don't think we need to focus on that case too much. Do you agree? e yes. defnitely. We have to look at improving things ourselves or the government will impose new rules on us. We're all here to discuss a few problems we've hod recently with breaches of people's privacy. There were some pictures token recently of the widow of a soldier . they're in public.s. like Britain. B Isn't the issue that it was printed.what about pictures of famous people's weddings and things like that? I mean. We'd bener get on . Put students in pairs to read the descriptions in Exercise 5c and find the throe mistakes. photographers can't take pictures in restaurants. C DiHicult . We've only agreed that we can't have pictures of sick people or of people who are grieving. LeI's start. . In Exercise 5b. they're not like funerals. and t do not wont my newspaper to be sued ! C Of course not. Remember the pictures of the wedding of Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas? They sued the newspaper over that. so of course we can toke and print pictures of that. but not of people in this case? A Yes. they're happy occasions. 5 Compare ~ Play the audio for Exercise Sa. like Britain. Ask the rest of the class to take notes about what each speaker says.. 6 Follow up Put students in groups of four to draw up their own code of conduct. A I'm more concerned about ordinary people. but what about famous people? I mean. I agree. Unilll T 11 9 Media . They say that in some places. the photographer was allowed to take it.4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to read their main points aloud. Mario. Then put the groups together again to complete their code of conduct. you also have to be careful who you take you know that singer. A Okay. and as a newspaper editor myself.. o Mmm. but that was public interest . photographers can't take pictures there. B Yes. Elicit the best ideas from each group to build up a class code of conduct on the board. but not close-ups of grieving relatives. Not true. that was just sick. I'm a photographer and I believe in freedom to toke the pictures I wont. B Another thing . so the photographer was allowed to toke it.a lot of people think that the ormy shouldn't have gone out there. on her suHering. we're not getting very far.at his funeral. A But you have to be invited . A I think you'Ulind that was because his wife was pregnant and didn't wont to have photographs taken. o You mean the one of her in the car after it hod crashed? That was terrible. if famous people are at a restaurant or somewhere. Not true. B Okay. using a telephoto lens. well. here in the United States 01 least. yes? C As you know. I think. Not true. but I think they had a deal with another newspaper. I really don't want that. A look. BID Yeah. but that example of Princess Diona after her cor crash. Chris Martin of Co/dp/a.you're unlikely to get pictures of a wedding unless you're inside the church or you use a telephoto lens.~ . o I agree. I completely agree with tha t. I think so . in some places. They say that they can take and print pictures of close-ups with telephoto lenses in the u. I Of course./? He anaclced a photographer.

The people give four examples of pictures that intrude on people's privacy. wedding. for example o~ra sidewalk.1<>1"''= VYithOUt consent. 1 a picture of Princess Diana after . Present them to the rest of the class. laws exist.. and privacy Listen again. can you guess? . her car crash.. a permissible.. What were they? d Do you know the laws on press and privacy in your country? Ifnot. The people in the discussion made three mistakes when discussing these laws. trespassing on pnvate property..... bUt photographerS No prnacy d for harassment or may be sue . widowlfuneral. Complete the descriptions of the four pictures. a restaurant/a IJUblic place. Which aspect are the people talking about? photographer. 4 pictures of two actors· . However..~d ven "private places" includes cars an e publiC areas· ItalV doO even of people PiCtures taken out rs.. Make a note of ideas from other groups. If yOU use raph lenS ard a IaC\def to protog ~=~ in his backyard... draw up two or three ideas for a code of conduct for press photographers. ·vate bOat standing on the deck of a po ' are alloWed· United States standing in public piCtures of someone balcony plainly view. 3 pictures of famous people in . . b Combine all the ideas you agree with to make a complete code of conduct for journalists reporting on the lives of the rich and the famous. z a picture of a soldier's ...... pictures in private .ing the law. b Compare your ideas with other groups and pul together a class code of conduct . france herS could be sued for taking PhOtograp... are visible from a pu Ie . 4 Feedback a Choose the three main points of your code of conduct on the press and privacy. you may be txea\<. c Look at the descri ptions of the laws relating to photographing people in some countries.. 5 Compare Listen to a discussion about another aspect of newspapers and privacy. '-- 6 Follow up a In groups.

First conditional Us. n /t:xJks much better now. Something that really depresses me is cold.. :J~~~~!£!~ e 'library all summer. If I ha d had a oomputer.) Note the difference between the simple and the progressive he. hl!!O!!th ---. These noun clauses take a complement and can come either before or after the verb. fNe've finished. 3 a place wheI'a you can play video games in machines by putting mooey in them video game arcade 4 a TV comedy sefies that takes place in a particular situation. The progressive suggests that the action was VfJly recently finished: 2) to talk about impossible events/situations in the present Fo"" if + past. to talk about imaginary (unreaQ events/situations in the past Fomo if + past perfect + wouIeJ/couIdImight + have + past participle Fo"" have + been + -4ng verb Affirmative: We 've been watching 8 lot of TV recently.g . I'll take over. Third conditional Us. We've been decorating. would/could/might + infinitive It\Ie've decorated this room. Ouestiofl: Have you been watching much TV recentty? Choose t he correct tonn of the verb. It is rTlClt9 neutral to put them after the verb: The food is the thing I realty like about Thailand. 1) to talk about unlikely events/situations in the present or Mure We've watched three French movies this week. Cold. I'm going to go home now. We can use both the present perfect smpIe and progressive to talk about actioos with a result n the present. Negative: We haven't been watching much TV recently. We use the simple: Us. ou've been drivin You've driven for hours. an apartment. One thing I really like to eat in the winter is a good. e. the activity: Second conditional We've been watching a lot of foreign movies recently. To talk about a series of actions. to talk abOut events/situatiOns whiCh are possible in the present We've b800 deconlting this room. work and study: Hi&y has attended I has been attencfng this sdKXJI for (\AI() )'EIa'S. A good. Sony about the mess. We do not use the progressive to talk about the number of actions/times we have done something. e. 1 2 Noun clauses NOlI1 clauses otten COfItoo a relative clause. hot soup.) We can use both the siTl>Ie and progessive with rK) change in ITIEHling with some verbs thaI have a sense of oontiluatoo. hot soup is one thing I really like to eat in the winter. 3 Where have you been~ calii?J I've been calling you at least ten times. 2) If I h ad my cell phone. singers and comedians variety show Unilll Media . suctJ as Iva." o<fut"'" Fo"" if + present + wiIf + infinitive We've docorated this room. 5 It's snowed ~ ~II night and it stiD hasn't stopped. I might have finished the book earlier. rNe've just we could call for help. buth " ed io th~ 2 You must be tired. 1) If I got lhejob. see Page 46 (first and second conditionals) and Page 56 (third conditionaQ.g. Vocabulary Summary 1 Collocations with video video game arcade video camera video game video phone video recorder video tape video cassette video cassette recorder video conferencing 1 I've been working (. - firishOO. 4 I've waited (I've been waiting for Charlie for ages. wet weather is something that rooJly de{Yesses me. or write both jf both forms are possible. .. fNe haven't finished yet. we 'll watch more movies at home.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect progressive Use To talk abrut an action or activity that started i1 the past and is still contim. wet weather. I'd move to a new house. If we place the noun dause before the verb. but the focus is ()(l If we get a DVD pJayet.1Q: 3 Conditionals For more information on each conditional. emphasis to the complement: a continuing TV series abOut the imaginary lives of a group of people soap opera 2 TV programs that do not use real actors but show ordinary people doing ordinary things reality TV we are adding The thing I really like ebout Thailand is the food. an office sitcom 5 a TV show in which well-known people are intefViewed talk show 6 a TV show that has a number of different acts. 2 TV shows talk show current affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show Match these definitions with a word or phrase from t he lists in 1 and 2.) To express duration (often with a time phrase): I've been writing this essay for three hours.

Media Unit 11 . . Review your action plan: editing your written work ~ . You'll also make yourself a better language learner in the process! Note: bring any new vocabulary entries to the class at the end of Unit 12. grammar. you know. That's important if you want to be able to use the language. Experiment with new ideas and you will find new techniques that suit the way you like to learn. or any ideas lor improving the organizaHon. Give your partner the final version of the paragraph you wrote in Unit 10 about the importance of reading..z z C) ~ Working with vocabulary 1 Reviewing techniques for recording vocabulary a Are you making the most of your vocabulary learning potential? Write down the two Of three ways you most commonty record new vocabulary. and punctuation of the paragraphs. .. I always try to put new language into use as soon as I can. . I usually write an example of the words or phrases and the other helpful technique I use is to divide language into topic areas. I've never had a special notebook for vocabulary. I enjoy fill-in exercises and I prefer a bilingual dictionary so that I'm sure I've understood something.I enJoy read ing in English and underline "nice" expressions. That's just the way my mind works. spelling. I'm not very organized about keeping vocabulary although I'm always very careful about including information about the grammar of a word or phrase . Add any other techniques to the list that you think may be useful. c Discuss the techniques as a class.. Germany _ L-__ PLAN C> Your action plan: working with vocabulary Put your list from Exercise 2c into action tomorrow. talk about the list you have made with your partner. an adverb. By "nice" I mean vocabulary that interests me like idioms. Ana Ramos. I had a great teacher who once told me that if you don't think about the meaning of new vocabulary in context. Helena Heinemann. I never use any of them. But I"m not doing English only for my work! I remember words and phrases from songs or interesting texts . b In pairs. When I come across new vocabulary I ask my teacher or I look It ' up in my bilingual dictionary. or an opposite. Hungary . Read it and check any Ideas that you suggested in your paragraph. I use different techniques: a picture. but mostly I write translations. I have a notebook that I only use for vocabulary and I'm very organized. Correct pronunciation is very important for me too. I like repeating things aloud as well. I enjoy writing them down although to be honest. a synonym. and phrases.that is a big help. . either. . Which person do you resemble most? Discuss any questions you have. Underline any ideas you didn't include. . Yes. I'm going to buy a cheap notebook and copy everything into that. discuss which students are not making the most of their opportunities to learn vocabulary. I copy the phrases into a special notebook. collocations. Put a check next to the effective techniques. Chile c In pairs. I am pretty clear about what language I want to learn.recording if something is a phrasal verb. And I do . I'm an engineer and keep a notebook just for that area of my English. But this is often difficult because there are a lot of meanings for one wordthat frustrates me. . . Make a list of the techniques you would like to try. . Ference Lukacs. work. but only lor very ' difficult expressions. My teacher calls me "the detective" because I love trying to guess words from context. so I show the main stress and write in phonetics . vocabulary. I guess. I write the date at the top of the page and make a list of all the new vocabulary I learn that day. and so on. 2 Expanding your repertOire of techniques a Read the four case studies above again and underline the techniques they mention. I do use my English dictionary.. Oh. . What practical advice would you give them? I would tell Keisuke to think about the general meaning of a new word before he looked it up in a dictionary. have to see a word written down if I want to remember it. it will be very hard to find the correct definition when you look in a dictionary. o -' > UJ o UJ 0.. holidays. . Japan .. That would help him find the exact meaning more quickly and he wouldn't feel so frustrated. Keisuke Katsura. stuff like that. the family. It's kind of a hObby. a::: ::::> >- o b LOOk at what these students below say about how they record new vocabulary. Most of my techniques are probably ' considered "traditional".. and I also use highlighter pens.

discuss these questions. compare your opinions. A So did you pass that science test? B No. That means you can build on . c In pairs.Unit12 Looking ahead lesson 1 Which exam? 1 Vocabulary: tests a Try to complete this cOllversat ion between two science students._1 and work harder on weak arCaS.which means that I So much depends dOll" have to 6 retake that part of the course. Thai reminds me I have to go now. Some st udents forge t everything they've studied the moment a test is over.gth. so tests are really pointless. I 1 failed il! I only 2 scored/got seven out of 25. You find v "" ~~ \ about your strong and your weak points. Have you used the same words as in the box? exams/ tests grade take/do review for scored/got tested on failed retake do your best under that kind of pressure? 2 Speaking skills Do you agree with these statements in the speech bubbles about tests? Write A (agree). didn't you 4 !llke your lab practica!s last week? A Yeah! And thankfully I got II good 5 grade . decide who should continue in future studies or get a good job? o Tests gi ve you an idea of how you are progressing.t. Use the words and phrases in the box 10 complete the blanks you could not fill. covered that yet. Hey. which really wasn't fair because \'\10 haven '.all these 8 examsltesls are killing mol really nervous. Usc one or more words in each blank. speaking of lests. award certificates and above all. 1 What's the best experience you have ever had in an exam? 2 What's the worst experience you have ever had in un exam? 3 What havo your experiences with English exams been like? Ii You have to take tests. We were 3 teslfld Oil molor functions.en. How else can you place peop le in class levels. compare your opinions about the statements. Unil 12 . So only tho theory on the day and how you now. We have a really tough biology lest tomorrow so I'd bettor get home and 7 reyiew [Of it! Tests make some people feel J hato May and June . so how can b In pairs. b In class. NS (not sure) or D (disagree) by each one.

. Teacher Uh. almost. Er. . and find out how students really feel about exams. there's another very useful feature in this test.. lers go on looking ahead T 122 Unit 12 .S. reading. 2 Speaking skills Ask students to listen and read .. one that you do on paper. So the passages ore typical of the kind of Ihing you would see if you were sludying in the Stoles. Now. Sa you have to wo rk quickly. TOEFl is designed to tesl if non-native speakers ore ready to to ke courses in English-speaking colleges in Ihe U.one hour per section. t'li begin with reading. To show Iheir English is okay. Encourage lots oftalking. okay for what? Student A To show their English is good enough to sludy in on American college. Apart from the note laking. . and ask students to write whether they agree or disagree with them. you will be given three passages 10 read and. so thaI's good news for testlakers. Let them check in pairs and then work in pairs to check and complete Exercise 13 with the words in the box in Exercise l b. and writing. Student C Thanks. A very positive feature is Ihal you can toke notes throughout the test . Are .remember. Read Qut statements 1 to 4 in the speech bubbles on the page. note suggestions.test. now in Ihe reading seclion. Teacher Right! Student B And you lake the lest online. where were we? Oh. yes. Now.. you 're bolh right. ask two or three individuals to summarize for the class what their partner told them.. we're going to look at Ihe Internel-based TOEFl. Now as most of you already know. you will be asked 10 complete comprehension questions. 58~------------------------------------------------------.Objectives Vocabulary fests Topic: exams (the TOEFl) Reading on exam leaflet Ustening an informal tolk Speaking agreeing and disagreeing with statements Ask a few personalized questions to get students storied. Anybody remember whallhol is? Student A Sure! It's Ihal tesl lhat foreign sludenls take to show their English is okay. Ask students to interview each other. righl? Student C And there's also a . how many words? Teacher Good question -the lexls a re prelly long between 650 and 750 words. and shore their answers with the closs. all th e words thai may be difficult are explained for you. as you kn ow. Student 0 What kind of passages are there? Teacher Well. Sa lers go on to the individual papers. Okay. orticles you would find in an academic textbook or journot . to do a class survey.. I want to begin the closs by lolking a lillie more about the Internet-based TOEFl. Afterwards. lers . how .. For Exer cise 4 on page 123 ':IiI Teacher Okay. Yep. Have a class discussion of the answers. and gel students 10 odd others. When did you losl take a test? What was if a lest on? How did you do? What sort aftest do you like to take? 00 you get nervous when you lake tests? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: tests Ask students to fead the conversation quickly and guess which words afe missing. you could use these questions. There's a g lossary. who! other ways are there of deciding who should pass a course or graduate? What sort of tests work best? How can we make tests less pointless and more useful? Alternatively. You could extend the closs discussion following exercises 2a and 2b by asking further questions: Additionol activity What do/can you do to prepare yourself for exams? What canldo you do to ovoid being too nervous or under too much pressure? If we don't take tests. nole-taking will help you remember what you want to soy or wri te . First. . too. You can complete il on the same day. And one more thing. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 2e. and each porl tesls one of the four skills: listening. of course. Ihot kind of thing.. let's start wi th Ihe different sec tions of Ihe lest. Student B Excuse me. righl? . thars called a ' paper-based.. how long is the lest? Teacher The 10101 examination lasts aboul lour hours . speaking.. For example. a . Ihe lesl is in four sections. Teacher Yes. are the texts long? ..

. 10 predict what Ihe speake r is going to soy next To do this.s. it's really not. Canada. Australia. which wi ll be similar to those that you wil l hear in real academic s ituations. Student B But how do you tesllhat? I mean. (e. If neccessary. I'm just coming to thot. Scanning Set a shan time limit for e xercise 3b because this is a scanning task Students should scan through the text un til they find the answers. remembe r this is 0 test to see how you would do in an academic environment. 6 2 4 Listening ski lls Ask students to read the notes in Exercise 4a carefully. writing. They are based on how things happen in the real world. okay? So if you were studying in an Ame rican college. right? Students Yeah. you'd have to go to lectures and toke notes. right Teacher So tha t is what I mean by -real world: Okay. lell them to note them in pencil. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. You also have to be able to.g. Student C What do you mean. integrated questions requi... have a brief discussion. let's say you've been asked to listen to a dia logue between a professor and a college student Now this is a situati on you might find yourself in. and Australia. Student A And how many different listening tasks are the re? Teacher There ore two conversations and lour lectures. 4 lectures) based on: how things bappen in real world. anticipate . first in groups and then as a class. listening. Okoy. Answers: 1 Non-native speakers o f English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment (colleges and universities) 2 4 3 Reading.est-takers to talk about topics they are familiar with and can answer from personal knowledge and experience. T eacher No.you are given four opti ons. Ask students to take notes. . uh .-Teacher Now. Britain. Unit 12 T 123 looking ahead . lers go on 10 the listening section. uh. You have to pick the correct option. Tasks: 6 (2 conversations. speaking 4 It mirrors the way English is lIsed for commwlicative purposes in the real world. If so. and predict wha t might be the answe rs. Then have them read in detail. They may know or guess some answers. the "real wo rld"? Teacher Well. Student C Does tha t mean six different liste ning tasks!? Teacher Yeah. Ask students to read through the questions in Exe rcise 3b carefully. to find out what students know about the TOEFL. Suggested answer: listening section: conversations and lectures. But they ore all the kind of thing you would nor ma lly hear if you were livi ng a nd studying in the U. Then play the audio.3 Reading skills For Exercise 3<1 . draw attention to the Glossary. But to fol low a conversation isn't always enough. predicting what speaker is going to say) Exercise 4c is an opportunity to have a question and answer session aboul the TOEFL exam. you have to understa nd whot he or she already said before. (real academic si tuations) range of native-speaker accen ts: US. irll be okay. We'll be looking 01the d ifferent sons of thi ngs you need to do in the exam so your students will be well prepared for the test So relax. Student C That sounds tricky. or other exams thai your students may be planning to take. of course. how do you test thot I can predict? Teacher Wait a second. In the listening test you will hea r conversotions and lectures. The record ings will include a range of nativespeake r accents.. so you are liste ning to the conversati on and th en it suddenly stops and you ore as ked what will come next . uh. Lei them check their notes in pairs. using th e notes in exercise 48 as a model. The oudioscript for Track 58 is on page T122 Pi. Britai n. yeah? So you must be able to fo llow a conversati on like this.!'e candidates to combine two or three skills. ~~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------. Ask students to listen and complete the noles.. Six. Answers: 1 paragraph 1 2 paragraph 2 3 paragraph 2 4 paragraph 2 5 paragraph 3 6 paragraph 4 Ask students to skim the test to locate the answers in Exercise 3c. Their goal is to find cenoin specific information quickly. 5 Independent questions ask t. Then give them one minute to find answers to the questions in the tex\. let me give yo u a n example: lers soy. Britain. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. pa rticularly from the United States. Canada.

4 Listening skills ~ a You arc going to listen to an Englisb teacher trainer talking to her teachers about the TOEFL. In this section candidates are tested on their ability to communicate successfully in an academic environment. they may be asked to listen to part of a lecture and then record their answer. This is called an integrated-skills approach to testing. In the real world people almost always combine different skills when they communicate. In addition.(engfh of feds. the idea behind this is that the approach mirrors the way English is used for communicative purposes in the real world. why not? Find other people in the class who would like to take the test and find out why. It assists colleges and universities in admitting and then placing non-native speaking students within their courses. whether for professional. This time lake your own notes on what the leacher trainer says. This helps English students and their teachers identify the particular skills they need to improve in order to be ready to lake an academic course in an English-speaking environment. why? If not . discuss anything you have heard about the exam. Ustening. isn'. The four integrated questions require candidates to use a combination of two or three skills. or academic needs.testtakers are required to combine different skills in order to complete different tasks. For example. the test-takers are given results which help them pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses. What is th e reading section like? 5 In this section test -takers are required to GLOSSARY pinpoint discover exactly whnt something is mirror (vb) reflect looking ohead Unil12 . Put simply. 5 - 650 . if? b Look through lho leaflet very qu ickly. In this test the skills are not tested in isolation . The independent task requires testtakers to write approximately 300 words about a topic of which they have knowledge or personal experience. What is the speaking section like? 3 c Think about everything you have learned about the TOEFL: would you tako it? If so. Test-takers need to demonstrate not only that they know the content but also that they can organize it. Please note that this test can also be taken in a paper-based form. In the integrated task test-takers will be asked to read a short text and then listen to a college-level lecture on an academic topic before writing a response to what they have heard of 150225 words. In groups .750 wQrd~ Jte!p g<Ven <>L 6 glOssa ry - English language proficiency is tested in four separate sections: Reading. Complete the notes taken by a teacher. In which paragraph would you expect to find the answer 10 each question? Who is the exam for? How many parts are there in the test? What does TOEFL test? What is an illtegralod+skills approach to losting? 5 What is the difference between an independent and an integrated speaking tas k? 6 How many pioces of writing uro there? 1 2 3 4 c Read the leaflot carefully and answer the questions in Exercise 3b. II's the exam YOII take when YOll lI'ont to study A brief introduction to the TOEFL CST What is the TOEFL CBT and what does it do? 1 at a college in the States. they may be asked to read a short text on a related subject and then record their answer.3 Reading skills a Vou are going to mad pari of a loaflet on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). It is an English language proficiency test taken by non-native speakers of English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment. and Speaking. They are required to answer two different In the writing section test-takers have to complete two pieces of written work: an independent and an integrated task. In addition. The two independent questions ask testtakers to talk about topics they are familiar with and will be able to answer from their personal knowledge and experience . personal. Writing. What is tested and how is it tested? 2 . The CST is the Computer Based TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language. types of questions: independent and integrated. Testtakers speak into a microphone to record their answers. What happens in the writing section? 4 ti' b Tho teacher trainer then ta lks about tho listening section of the test.

you certainly won'tY regret it. Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few weeks. r r r GLOSSARY cross a h urd le deal with a problem so that you can go on to do something successfully be bro ke (informal) have no money do something 2417 (informal) do it all the time. are required to have medical insurance. they should also be qualified to teach English. 1 In your coun try. ~ 4 I'd like t get take a high grade on an examination ike the TOEFL.9 !J stud engi neering.. Accommodation Why not stay WI th a host familv if you want to expenence Amencan home life? Ot herwise. discuss the following. travel to and from school and. go online and check out the fees of a number of schools. or could become t rue for y Oll . Any good school will be happy to tell you about its teachers and their qualifications.S.S. or stay in a st udent dorm. of course. Did yo u think the same information was important? d In class. Studying abroad is very exciting but it can be stressful as students cope with cultural changes and speak English 2417. please e-mail I Money If you don't have a clear idea of what a course can cost. 24 hours. Consulate or Embassy with a completed 1-20 Form along with your passport and an Affidayjt of financial Support Medical insurance All students studying in the U.someone to give help and advice to them. Le.s. Do you want to be in a big school (500+ students) or a small one (under 50)? Do you want lessons that are formal or informal? Does the school offer a range of different classes so that you can pick and choose classes to meet your needs? Student Visa go to your local U.I. Good schools offer a wide range of optional activities to help you ma ke new friends.! 3 I'd like 10 finish . Then compare your notes with a partner.S . 5 If I arr&:Qc~erled ~ entered into a university in the U. or hopes of further education.(iiiaiO?>nsomething to do with man ement. add accommodation. me. what SlOpS most students who would like to study abroad? 2 What possible solutions are there to these hurdles? 3 Woul d y ou like to study English abroad? If you could. 1 I'm planning I~I make a course in business admi~0?ation. 2 Reading skills a Imagine that you have the opportunity to study English in a college in the United States. The schooL So what should you look for? That depends on you. If you study at English@San Francisco." a""il' b Read the article below quickly to see how many of your ideas are mentioned.. If you have any further questions. entertainment. seven days a weok Unit12 lOOking ahead . So you've finally persuaded your parents or employer to let you go for a month to study English? Congratulations! That's the first hurdle crossed . We offer all of the services above and more. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. On top of tuition and fees. learn about different aspects of the United States. Good schools should offer th is facility. especially about personal problems. Don't go for the cheapest room if it means that you'll never meet anyone and get Counselors It is crucial that the school provides each student with a counselor . plans. The teachers Personal qualities are very important in a teacher./de . write a list of five things you need to think about before you go.On with English! 1 Vocabulary: further edu cation a Choose the correct word or words to comp lete the sentences. are true now.. what would the benefits be? ha"tl!. b Check the sentences that were true. remember that it's important to stay somewhere where you will be happy.scottoengllshatsanfranos(O.. food. ~"fJ . In groups. and generally have a good time. '!flake SUn> .enough ~ to pay fay c Use the ideas above to tell your partner about your experience. 7 I'm doing a career ~gf~i n biochemistry. In addition. 8 I'd like to take a parI. the options are to rent your own apartment. Above all. Add any extra ideas to your list.com Sports and sociaL program Studying English is not limited 10 the classroom. c Imagine you are interested in studying English in the U. books. 2 I'm hoping to pass into ~ntery graduate program. you must apply on arrival. Read the article more carefully and ta ke notes on the advice that you think is important fo r you. To obtain an E1 depressed. What else do you need to do before you pack your bags? Visas If you arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U.S" you will not be admitted to the country.time course@)t 0 11 history and work at the same time. 6 I need to get goo rade notes in science subjects. Greg Scott Director of Studies English @ San Francisco g.

ask students to read the article and check and add to their list.Objectives Grammar functions of conditionals Topic: further education and studying English abroad Vocabulary further education Reading a Web site ad.. Let them check what they found in their groups. In Exercise 2b. Ask other grou ps if they have anything interesting to add.. looking ahead T 124 Unil12 . Ask Which language schools look interesting and why? Ask students whot they would look for in a language school abroad. Let them compare in pairs. and pass them around. then check answers with a partner. Ask students to read the article more closely for Exercise 2c and underline or write down information that is relevant to them. What are you planning 10 do nexJ when you finish your currenl studies? Whol are your pions for continuing fa study and improve your English in the future? Ate you planning 10 take any courses in the near future fa improve your career or employment prospects? Introduce the topic If you con find any leoRets for longuage schools in lhe U. asking the questions in Exercise 2d . or elsewhere. Find out which students would like to study at the school in the article. End this pari ofth e lesson with a discussion .. Put students in pairs to talk about their further education plans. ask one group to read their list aloud. a Web page Writing a formal e-mail requesting information Speaking discussing further education Ask students a few personalized questioos. and then have a brief class discussion. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into groups of four or five to write their list for Exercise 2a . . •• 1 Vocabulary: further education Ask students to choose the correct word in Exercise la . Remind students about the Glossary.s. Have a class discussion. Have a brief class discussion of answers. At the end. bring them inlo class. Monitor and help with ideas.

Do the firs t situation in Exercise 3c as an example with the class. ask students to write their e-maiJs. requirements. youcertai nly won'! regret it. and make sure they make note of the questions not answered. you will no t be admitted to the country. Also tell them to use pencil to circle any mistakes they spot. Answers: Advice An offer A requirement A promise A suggestion A warning !fyau arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. Paragraph 2/3: Asking questions Could you please tell me . suggestions. you must apply on arrivaL If you study at English@SanFrancisco. Have students do Exercise 4c in groups of four. I'm looking forward to hearing from you. pool their ideas. Presentation alternative If your students ore unclear about how 1 organize their e-mail.rs to write conditional sentences. Elicit two or three different conditional sentences from the students and write them on the board. I am writing to ask about . Then put students in pai. Suggested answl!l'S for situation 1: You have to get a visa if you want to st udy in my country. Then have them do Exercise 4b individually. and write a poster with six pieces of a dvice. (advice) II you don't get a visa. Tell pairs to read the drafts carefully.. Additional activity Divide students into groups of six to eight. Could you let me know exadly . Why not stay with a host family if you want to experience American home life? Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few wooks. Ask them to choose one of the situations in exercise 3c. you won't be allowed enlry at Immigralion Control. After they have their original drafts back. Final paragraph: Conclusion Thank you very much for .T .. Ask pairs to exchange drafts. Nominate one student to write.• ~ 3 Grammar: functions of conditionals Ask students to do Exercise 3a . If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. (warni ng) Give me a call if you wanl any advice about gelling a visa. I would like /0 find more information about . Put the posters on the classroom walls for other students to read. Encourage readers to add any queslions they wish clarified or answered in the e-mail (in order to add more meaningful con tent) and also to write suggestions for improvement in pen. andlor warnings.S. Uyau have any further questions. 4 Writing skills Put students in pairs to write their list in Exercise 4a . ask them to share their ideas with another pair in Exercise 3d . Divide Ute class into pairs for Exercise 4d . Then have them check their answers with a partner and the Grammar Swnmary on page 130. write the following advice and useful 0 language on the board: Paragroph 1: Introduction I am in/eresled in attending . please e-mail me. (offer) When students have fi nished. Ask a few students to read their sentences aloud to the class. .. Unil12 T 125 Looking ahead ..

1 e ow . an( pass th e (Irart back.. 1 visas 2 lllg sItuations to hel 4 } med.' thin the 'ad vertisemenl b I ~.I. u. 5 6 d Read expen ence you } s to learn y r cu ture yo ur sentenc they agree with yo~~ ~~:~:other pair and see if m" \~ w~lte cOllditioll~ sCh~tenccs . school to then pu i lli .:. I~"he" ~~~HTIod"I. social program and sports activities 8'1jo)' our extensive prow-am from theater visits to a chance to see the famOUS soston Red Sox. b Rd' rom a ea .} ." a ang uage s h I urancc 3 BC .3 Grammar: f unctions f a 0 conditionals Italic). V~~ .nO. yom longuose '. If you want to maKe real progress with )'our and have fUn at the 53me time. g' '" yom 1i.. in the text them with the f U ll the article (in . 1 k covers...l lh. please e_mail us at I tooking ahead Unit 12 .S ..".ud "" Summ"y ellt IS com' language.. A ". courses PiC from our wide range of cOurses including K for Business.nd .. \.5... servicing the educational needs of over 12. and En~'ISh for AcademiC puf?0S8S' leache tS lively. Make a lisl of language you requYr:nf U.On Welcome to . b Check your answ ers w Ith the Gram on page 130 . organize d e mfo. offering yOU the very best in language learning" En~ish 10Ef\-. p un/h. the.I . you will ask for' f paIrs . then join 8'1~is\"l us at Woodlandl f or fUrther informatiOn. We also have excellent sports facilities on the Woodland campus.all the ~~:~~i~~~t~::~ise ?a.. language schOol Join one of the most popular schoolS in Boston. -:-_ _ __ _ " C iOn they serve ~ook a l the condif advice 4 Writing skill s a Imagine that you arc . . -. dynamiC lessons with native-speaKer teacners. In lair mg t ~ your countr t study yo ur about the fo lIo .000 foreign students a year. ..1Il 'scho~~erything r . exchange vo Suggest imp'o your group to ell": k'lrr draft with f vements} "c or yo Write th e Ii Ilal e-mail.. All aUf accommodation is within a 20_minute walK from the scnool.. h another pair fro~JllS ed..n.. M k 00 at you ]" a promise a suggestion a warning d You af doaes~~1 ~~:~v~~..~ e gomg to wri ask your un Ie an e-mail \ the order questions. Write a lave II . vertlsement th:~swere~ I~ Ie .. ex<lm preparation for the A first-class school. " '" om"r " raft e-maiL mahon into para f a IOn and e When you} g phs. 1he gomg to stud . Match JO na! sentence .heck . Accommodation Choose the type of accommodatiOn that suits you beSt.. II I} an offer a requ irement n groups .

Porltin.~r=!~d .il)' can lead to diabetes.oe"". Not surprisingly. 0 cr planets by the \'e \oun he on (fulure progrcssh'c) P • Population: B. .-doped . pt on page 148.51cilos. il will ha\'c becom!:lful purfed} passive) possible for a clone to run for president of the USA-The U." U I becaus~ p~~~:~n? nemp oyment? New' b the time in the ~ervicj~n~~:}::s~. cancers and maybe even cure (fllturcJJI~rfl!c:t ~ some of them.\'croge human being will have gained 2.3 .' In "".an d b aven't' look d ue S we renewable sources e at I hole the ido(/ of clonin but l' scientists will bu obi> I g I m pretty sure thai within the next deca~e~ c one a human being ~ b Listen agail I an d Mlswor these (IUesf 1 Wh 'I IOns. pesslmlslic points and th' k r an optJmlsllc counter-argument ~or cae h pom! a I. with varying degrees of accuracy... and high blood pressure.. mmenl IS doing nothing 4 ~hy will unemployment gel worse? e economy will continue to dete~ior~1 c I . ISCllSS theso questions. Cancer: Within th e next 25ycarS. Are thO)' th .el) fighting over purking spacc will haYe beCOme a serious source of social conflict by 2020. compare your answers. O • Space: wC W end of the centurY. scientifiC research is increasingly able to paint (future progressive} an accurate picture of how things will be in the not-too-distant future.. if not all.. w. Ie t'IOns are most important for prod' umamly 11\ general and why? 4 ~o~:~~~~~ the most terrifying predictions 2 Why will faccmasks be more there will be more 3 gave will pollution be worse? be cause th e Why ' . r 01/ ' Future fact or future fantasy? ~idcmic Since time immemorial.. BUl it's not a\l year. ecause .m Will hoY' o. Constirution doc'Sn't O.However. s Ie a pessimist or an optimist? a pessimist y WI I fuel be n major problem? b nuduar en ' . ~~~I~~n~a~~\et t hmcalth po~u lalion growth fa Ie vacatIOns a L'Isten and answer these questions 1 Wh o is the speaker? a politician fa ' 2 Who is he talking to? th r the People PI 3 I I ' evoters . (ftill lre pr. By the year 2025..~=::sti~~t~e". ' p . .. 2025 IDeo.AIDS will be by far doom and gloom. . e. Have a look at these the major killer in many African and Asian snapshots of furore lifc and iudge fN yourself. . .\ c th '0 25% countries. . .lfuture perrect} O.Which future? 1 Speaking skills a In pairs. As long as you arc a will have heen de\'c1opcd that will ameliorate citizen and 35 years or older you are eligible. the \\'Orld's population will havc IYaehed 10 billion. discuss what predictions fo th you can make about the next 30 2 Listening skills year~ follow~ng~ work . (future lwrfecl) ure O . . (future perfect) GLOSSARY harrowing extreme Iy WOrrylDg or upseuin ' ameliorate mab batlB . g Unlf12 Looking ahead .. n pairs. ps. some of the results arc so P • AIDS: In only a fcw years. most. b Compare your prodict ions with other pc I A you a pessimist or an optim ist? op e.-r. . people have tried to predict the future.ch p fCCrIctlOns do you think w'll b reahty and why? ocome 2 Which predictions might affect yo personally? U 3 h Which . heart disease.rfcc _ ' ''ha d." I". b.." d.r obably h3\'C found a cure for baldness by 2020. 2100. '~ e In groll d' e sarno. P • Diet: Despite the advice of medical experts who consrandy point out that obd. Baldness: Scientists at Cornell Univcrsil)' cxperimenting with a gene cal1ed SHl-l will Q. Vacations: \vithin the ncxtL'lking 20 years. 1 Whi. new drugs haYc a clone clausc.W of the population by 2035. ro c Now read the art icle below bo the a (OPlimisti:l p~iclions o~t. turn to the audioscri Underline all the .)k I d In prurs .S. vacations People will be 15 to space plO' Cloning: l3y 2035. (future pl)rfect) p • Worlc Un<mploym.l!u'u. the AIDS will be claiming a million liycs a harrowing that they make yOU wanllO stay in bed and hide under the covers. ergy IS tuo dangerous fossil f I arc runmng oul .

Already gridlock is a common. But what is the present government doing? In a word. our future looks dark. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. Ask students to listen and answer the questions in Exercise 2b.Objectives Grammar Topic: life in the future Pronunciation echo questions Reading a newspaper article listening a politician's speech Speaking making and discussing predictions fulure progressive and future perfect Write three or four of your own predictions for the future on the board. You may wish 10 check the following expressions: since lime immemorial = dating bock to a point long ago in time • Vocabulary Irs not all doom and gloom". you may invite them to post their speeches on the wall for other students to read. Ask two or three confiden t students to present their speech to the closs.. your town. Public and private parking lotsfull! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. Afterwards . renewable energy sources like solar. Looking ahead T 126 Unit12 . And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Focemasks facemosks will have become common in towns and cities. vote for us. acid rain. much of our food will soon be genetically modified. Alternatively. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to burn fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now. I think mos/large animals will become extinct. Suggestions: In1roduce the topic I think Chino will become the richesl and most powerful country in the world. sadly. as a result.full. tf pollution continues to increase. Ask students jf they agree or disagree with them. There will simply not be enough space to park your cor. very dark. . And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lock of clear policy on genetically modified food.. wind. Let students check their answers in pairs. We'll be living in a world where when it rains. I'm talking about your street. snapshots 101 future life) = brief but reveoling pictures/images/insights 2 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise 2a . and then check in pairs.a vote for the People Party. Parking places on the street . ladies and genllemon. Ask students to prepore on -optimistic· political speech in opposition to the speech of the politician on the recording. for more shy students. 1 Speaking skills Ask students to work in pairs to discuss their predictions in Exercise la . We need to look at clean. So on Thursday. we will have run out of them within 0 couple of generations. and tidal power. vote for. butthafs not the norm. perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy . but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the heolth of our people? And thars not all.. Imagine . We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie. Ask students to work in pairs to underline the pessimistic points of the speech in the audioscript on page 148 and think up and write optimistic counter-arguments. ~ ~ ~ Additional activity So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. ask one student from each group to summarize what the group said. NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this. everyday problem. Play the audio again. Ask students how they think these things will be different in the future. it will rain ACID . I'm talking about your world! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. and the way things are going. so much traffic. our towns and citieS will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. and say who in their group is optimistic and pessimistic. T. Then put them in groups to share their ideas.. Irs not all depressing news. our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels. End this part of the lesson by asking students to discuss the questions in Exercise 1e in groups of four or five. Ask students to read the article . my friends! Just imagine.. You see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemosk today. a world where every living person wears a face mask. I think we will be mining and building factories in ouler space. that parking will have become a major prablem. Imagine in ten years. mark the predictions. your city. The economy will conlinue to deteriorate and. II may look like the answer in the short term.

She doesn't believe it. streets will disappear in cities. People will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods! Ca rol Will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods? ~' - By 2100. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lives a year? 2 Peter I don't believe this! It says within 50 years. If students don't d o this very well the lirst lime. students need to star! with their intonation high (and disbelieving!). the world's populalion will have reached 10 billion. Ask students to listen and answer the question. Let students listen to the audio o nce. Have students repeat in unison. Peter 11 says here: -By 2100.~------------. isn't it. then leI it rise. they should not be too tricky.t . fall a little. 10 billion! Peter This is horrific. since mony languages hove comparable forms and uses. The future progressive (will + be+ present participle] and the fu ture perfect I will + have + past participlel both have complex forms. play the audio again. and listen to this: By 2030. terrible. Usten to this: -In a few years. She isn't asking a question . 1 Peter This is horrific. pause. ffi Quick grammar guide: future progressive and futu". within two generations the average life span of a person will have increased by 20 years! Carol Will have increased by 20 years? 6 Peter And listen to this one: Within 50 years. Ask students to complete the article in Exercise 3e. and rise again 01 the end. guide @ •• 5 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to put the lime expressions in Exercise 5a in the chart. 50% of the world's workforce will be working from home! Carol Will be working from home? 4 Peter This is incredible. To soy these e<:ho questions corre<:lIy. Let them check answers in pairs. AHow two or three minutes for students to think ofthings to say for Exercise 5b. play the recording again . Do Exercise 3d as a brief class discussion. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lilies a year? Peter Yes. However. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! Carol is sW"prised. lIn a few years. Ask two or three individuals to repeat. Ask stud ents to listen and respond. Do the first statemen t as a class to get students started. here.1> @ Qu. Use Exercise 3b to check that students can recognize the form. By 2030.it is an echo question . particularly in controlled silualions. the blue whole will have died ouI! Carol Will have died aut? 3 Peter Oh. and let students shout out an echo question.ck prononciation 4 Pronunciation: echo questions Play the audio for Exercise 4a.. opting for simpler forms. Answers: The predictions: By 2100. expresses sW"prise. Play the audio for Exercise 4d. The main problem is that students lend 10 oyoid using them. When they are ready. listen to this: -In a few years. ask them to take turns making predictions. the world·s population wHi halle reached 10 billion: Carol Will have reached 10 billion? Peter Yes. \o:. In 2030. which. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! A million? Oaiming a million lives a year? Will be claiming a million lives a year? Unit 12 T 127 Looking ahead . Ht . For Exercise 4b. Play the audio for Exercise 4c. Point out the form of the two lenses. Common errors Overusing simple present instead of more complex future forms. paying aUention to the intonation patterns they hear. 6l~--------------------------------. Then play each statement. Discuss the questions as a class. T hen replay and pause the recording afte r each stateme n t. I M in Q beautiful house. the water level will have risen by 50 centimeters! Carol Will have risen by 50 centimeters? 5 Peter Can this be true? It says. the world's population will halle reached 10 billion! 10 billion? Have reached 10 billion? Will have reached 10 billion? In a fll'N years. perlect 3 Grammar: future progressive and future perfect Have students check answers to Exercise 3a in pairs.

Use these topics. @ d Now listen to six things Peter says and respond with an echo question. many people 7 will be G rowing (grow) food in their backyards or buying it from nearby organic far ms. In order to avoid chemicals. In only a few years. computers entertainment money the world water food b Read through the predictions in the text in Exercise t again. I'll be working ill my father's company. ~ b Listen agai n. Those who have to go out to work 3 will he using (use) clean hydrogen-powered transportatio n that will produce little or no pollution. clai ming a million lives a year. e In pairs. d Which areas of the article do you agree with? Which areas do you disagree with? Which view of the future do you feel is more realistic: the view stated in the listening or the one in the text above? by tilen within a month before December within a generation this time next week before the government changes by next June by next summer by 2010 Near future by Saturday this time tomorrow next month Distant futu re in 20 years wilhin the next 20 years wiLhin a generation by then within a month before December this time nexl week by 2010 by then before the government changes before the government changes by next June hy next summer h In pairs. and do our shopping will be close at hand. Since these far ms will employ natural forms of pest control. make some crazy predictions about some of these aspects of the future. fo r personal predictions. which will produce hydrogen to be used on days when there is no sunshine.3 Grammar: future progressive and fu ture perfect 4 Pronunciation : echo questions ~ a Listen to Peter and Carol discussing an article about the future. Most homes 6 will have a lso installed (also install) a basem ent fuel unit. progressive for prodictions in the near future and Use the future perfect or the future progressive. We 5 will be geUing (get) some energy from windmills but much of it will be generated in our own homes by rooftop solar panels. Many people. play. (work) from 2 will be working home. This tense is used for activities that will be in progress at a particular time in the future. make predictions about your personal fu ture and the fu ture of your country. III fact. the A IDS epidemic will be ~ c Listen and repeat what Carol says. many of us 1 will he living (live) in neighborhoods where the air is clean and where places to wo rk. What are the two predictions? a Match these predictions from the article with the descriptions that follow. education work population the economy traffic potlution travel By 2010. Look at the time expressions commonly used with these tenses and add them to the chart below. and respond to each b Th is tense is used for activities that will be other with echo questions. What is Carol's reaction to tile predictions? Is Carol reaUy asking Peter a 1 By 21 00. Which are in the fu ture perfec t 5 Speaking skills and which are in the fu ture progressive? 11 We can use the future perfect and future c Complete the fo llowing article about the fu ture. carcinogens 8 will have di sappeared (disappear) from food produced in this way. I wjll /Jove graduated. c An optimistic future By the year 2025. comp leted before a definite time or event in the future. looking ahead Uni! 12 . With in the nex t two years. People 4 will he returning (return) to riding bicycles because of the increased awareness of the effects of pollution and the importance of regular exercise. the world's population will have question? reached 10 billion.

The team can discuss the question together and when they decide on the answer they wish to give. Only the secretary can give the answer. Words. The only cxC{)ption to the correct answer . General knowledge. People. If another member of the team says their answer before the secretary. There can be 8S many pairs of teams as needed.one space forward· rule is when you land on the "wild card". backward or staying where you are. This type of card is unpredictable and may result in you moving forward. Grammar. You move forward one space at a time by correctly answering questions on seven different topics. The game is played in two teams of three or four players. they tell the team secretary. Unil12 looking ohead . It is also the job oftho Quizmaster to control the two teams the same as a referee does in a soccer game. Sports. Each pair oftoams has a Quizmaster whoso job it is to read tile questions to each learn and to keep scoro.f h game This is a team game and the aim is to be the first team to cross the finish line. The Quizmaster is not pari of a learn. Science. the team is penalized and has to move back one space. The questions are given to the team by the referee or "Quizmaster". and Entertainment.

they have to start asking questions. Finally.) Set a time limit for the quiz. answering any questions they may have. 3. 2. a good way to start is to give every student a number by counting and pointing at students like this: 1. Tell groups 1 and 2 to sit facing each other around one of the quiz boards on the left·hand side of the class.one person who will write down the group's answer for each question. Tell them that they are going to take a quiz and that they have to choose a secretary . if you have 18 students. Tell them to join the teams. Go over any questions about the rules before getting started. Tell students to form groups.Objectives Grammar Topic: end-ol-year quiz Reading instructions language and conlent U5tening a quiz Speaking an end-af-year quiz of Student's Book The aim of this activity is to provide a fun.4. 1. and one of two students. For example. and reviewing some language al the end of the course. 5. 3. and tell groups 3 and 4 to sit facing around a board on the right-hand side. and walk around the class as students play. Tell students to read the rules of the game carefully. light-hearted way of practicing spoken English.3. 4. 1. Work out in advance how you are going to organize the classroom. Once they have tossed a coin to decide which teams starts. 2. The secret of success is to manage the activity carefully. lookingoheod T 128 Unit 12 . You should have four grou ps of four. You can find the quiz cards on page 1'129. (These should have been photocopied and cut out in advance. 5. 4. and be sure you prepare enough photocopies of the quiz cards for your students in advance of the game. 1. give the quizmasters the quiz cards.2. 3. 4. Read through the task first to make sure you really understand it. 2.

I'd buy a cell phone.:Iuse can be the subject or the object of II senterx:e. hardly any. (a) li n Ie. and cancer) 10 Name the country that has a population of about 1 billion people.) Imagine you heard this sentence on the news and you want to report It back to me..Quiz cards Grammar Change the word but in this sentence Wlthout changing the meaning of the sentence. either. (Ma ny possibilities here. but the sentences have to be "predictions" and they also have to make sense!) Science What is the everyday term for the chemical formula CO/ (ANSWER: carbon dioxide) 2 What does 'GM' stand for In "GM foods "? (ANSWER: Genetically Modified) 3 What percentage of our body weight is water? (ANSWER: 60%) 4 What am I describing: A substance that a doctor prescribes to cure people of an illness. (ANSWER: the long jump. man). water resources will increase or decrease: there will be more floods IlIld drough t. (There are many possibilities here. every. half (01). (ANSWER: Tho nowscaster said (that) the werld's population would grow to eight billion by 2020.) Your boy/girlfriend is leaving to study in Canada for two months. thoy are unha ppy. (ANSWER: The Greenhouso Effect) 6 What is the name of the unit used for measuring temperature? (ANSWER: a degree) 7 Can you give me the chemical formula for watef? (ANSWER: HP) 8 What IS the name lor the complete set of genes in a living thll"lg? (ANSWER: The genome) 9 Name at ledst three of the possible efferu of dirnate change. be some benefits. sprinting. no. Begin it by using II form of the verb study.) 10 HooN much of the earth's surface IS coYef!'d by water? (ANSWER: 70%) ' spons Where and when did karate start? (ANSWER: Japan. In the 17th century) 2 What is Muhammed Ali's daughter's name? (ANSWER: leila) 3 What does the INOfd karate mean? (ANSWER: empty hilnd) 4 Can you name three different martial arts? (ANSWER: karate. too.thirds or. b) If I got the job. II"s the first conditional. J Change the word to in this sentence without changing the meaning of the sen tence.) 5 What is the name of the international sports comp!?tition wtlere teams from around the world compete for the title of the best soccer team? (ANSWER: World Cup) 6 Name five trad and field spoIlS. use the future progresSIVe in one and the future perlect In the other. strokes. all (the). They are rich BUT unhappy. The only way to pass the exam is to study. Moderate warming will fa. severn!. There will. (ANSWER: heart disease. which in turn will cause infectiolls diseases to spread. II lot of. they lifO unhappy. The woOd"s populatIOn will grow to eight billion by 2020. (a) few.) Is thIS true or false J A noun d. They have to be logical.S) (ANSWER: Number 1 is football. the javelin. Start : The newscaster. howc\'er. some. T hey are unhappy although/even though \hey are rich. Number 2 is baseball. Possible answer: 1"1/ call you evory day if you IOTllllmo 10. (ANSWER: in a). II quarter f two. (ANSWER: both. ) 10 Which sport did Sebastian Cae excel In? (ANSWER: distance runlllng) More Quiz cards ore on on page T260 !II Unil1 2 T 129 l ookingaheod _bIe C E<iIori(JI Moo:miIon de ~o. neithe r of the.) Name five different quantifier. capoeira.) In wtlich of these two sentences is the event more likely to happen? a) If I get the job. nono of the .) Make two predictions about the future.. General knowledge Where did Ca~ra come from originally? (ANSWER: Africa) 2 Which insect can Jump 100 centimeters? (ANSWER: a flea) 3 Who wrote A Hundred Years of Solitude? (ANSWER: Gabriel Garcia Marquez) 4 Which (feature can lift 50 times its own weight? (ANSWER: an ant) 5 Name the country in Asia which consists of four large islands. each. the hammer.. Alt ho ugh/Though/Evon tho llgh thoy oro rich. Friends of the Earth) 8 Wha t is the world's population? (ANSWER: six billion) 9 Can you give me the names of three of the biggest ki llers in the deveklped world? For example. vinlses like influenza ami AIDS. distance running) 7 INhat is the modern in ternatIOnal sportll1g competitIOn In which people of all nationalities compete in varIOUS sports? (ANSWER: Olympic Games) 8 In which sport do pjayers "slam dunk"? (ANSWER: basketball) 9 Can you give me the first and se<:ond most popular spectator sports in the U. (ANSWER: true. I got up early to catch the bus. however.) Rephrase this sentence. (ANSWER: Climate change will forte some species of birds to migrate.V 2006 . 1"11 buy a cell phone. the discus. or an illegal substance that afferu people mentally or physically when they take it? (ANSWER: a dmg) 5 Name the process in wtlich heat is unable to escape from the atmosphere and causes the tempera ture of the eanh to nse. [ got up early in order to catch the bus. There will be heat WIiVes and Illore air pollution. l'YE'ry. hurdles. however. (ANSWER: Indial 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 (ANSWER: [ got up early so as to catch the bus. (ANS WER: They are rich. (ANSWER: St udy ing is the only way to pass tlle exam. for example. II great/good deal of. Make himlher a promISe.·or some fanners. the high jump. tae kwon do. Sea levels will rise in some constal areas. many of whom are Hindus.. SA de C.. (ANSWER: Japan) 6 What does IQ stand for? (ANSWER: Inte lligence Quotient) 7 Name one International e<oIoglcal organization? (ANSWER: Greenpeace. Judo.

When you toSS a com.The Rules of the Game 1 Decide how many pairs of teams will play. toss a coin to see which team starts. Quizmasters. Quizmasters. 6 7 8 9 10 secretary. You slar!. Heads. they should 'MlI'k in their teams and WTlte some more questions to ask the opposite team. . join your teams. they move forward. If the team answers correctly. 5 The other team star1s. If the answer is incorrect. If the teams finish befOfe others in their class. then check it to shaoN that it has been used. Cootinue until the game is finished . Qui l.JllastCr: . read a question from the categOl)'. 3 Move into your teams and select a team 4 A. Quizmaster5. sa heads or '011 5. yO ll lose. Your teacher will give you the questions. I Tails. Heads. . you \I'm. they stay where they are and wart until it is their turn again. The other team is nO'N asked a question. looking ahead . 2 Select one Quizmaster for ~ pair of USEFUL LANGUAGE . you Y teams.

Here are some convnon fooctions of !irs! condillOl"\als: Advice If you want /0 moot new people. Offers Contact me if you need clarification on any of these points. Fo= future progressive: wilVwon'r + be + -ing verb We 'll be wsitlng at the end of the pia/form when your train arrives. I 4 will be sla)'illa (stay) WIth he( and her husband in the country. the a novel we hadn't was unfcur . be arguiflg about something Complete the paragraph with the future progressive or future perfect of the verbs in parentheses. My sister 3 will be Wilj1jll~ (wait) for me. Julia will have completed her course 8 I liitlfl'f j8688 my driving test so now I have to 96 it ageiR. failed In physiOtherapy by June. pass 2 Future progressive and future perfect Use We use the future progressNe to talk about a situation 01" an action thai will be in progress at a definite time in the Mure: 3 1 EA~ 19th'.<6~ ItIs English exam. graduAte 6 1he exam M Next Sunday.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Functions of conditionals Vocabulary Summary 1 Tests passltail a tesVexam get goodIbad lake/retake We often use conditionals to express functJons su:h as advice and promises. I hope. M ake any changes necessary.. (tIy1 to England. The fdlowing wool< t 7 will be stayjng (stay) in a hotel in london. but sometimes use modal verbs and imperatives in the main clause instead of Vt1II\'VOf'I't. 15 will he slo)'j!l~ (stay) with them for a week and we 6 will II!: goine. These are often based on the loon of the rll'St conditionaJ (see Unit 4). I 8 will he dQjna:.' H+. I'H have finished the dishes in five minutes.. try joining dubs or a gym. . This tllne tomorrow I 1 will he O).. I Ihink it's very diffICUlt 10 eH#eF Harvard.he'll be watching the bg game. Don'/ caRJlffllhis evening .Is.. is taking relake it Wail for me.we hB~ /19 eil8l. were tested on We use the future perlect to talk about a situation Of an actoo that win be completed by or befOff! a specific time in the future: 7 Harry 13 310d. In two weeks /he politiCians win completely different.. Warnings If you don't tell me what the problem is. you must provide proof of major in artIhiSlory be accepted to a cotlege or university do a degree in biochemistry/modern languages take a course in history Replace the words in italic with a word or phrase from the two lists above. 2 I don't think I will ever §e. gol 5 I expect to flAeM IH)' eefle§8 68tff68 in electronics next year. so I'll take some pictures for you. (go) for lOts of country walks. I'H be lying on beach in Rio.~e/! on my last malh test. I can't help you. scorestgrades be tested on a topic/subject a lesVexam review /0( a tesVexam 2 Further education lake a course - Suggestfons Why not travel by train if you want 10 enter a graduate program see more of /he countryside? Requirements If you want /0 open 8 bank account. (do) a 101 of shoppng and going to shQv.r ill~ computing at COllege now. By two o'ckx:k.ef~I!!l1>8I!!I sludied. We oftefl use the tIme expressions in X weekslmonthslyears and within (Ihe next) X weel<slmonthslyears with the Mure progre5SlVe: People wiD be traveling in fuel efficient cars within the next ten years. By the end of my stay. be accepted to identity. We often use the prepositions by and before with the future perfect 1'/1 have sent the report to you by/before Friday. \lVhile I'm in England.. 12 wjll have arrjved (arrive) in London. ruture perfect: wllVwon'r + have + past participle They'll have demolished the building by the rime you arrive.jllJ.. Promises /'11 be very careful If you Jet me use the car lomght. (spend) a lot of money but r 10 will haVe seen (see) a lot of great shows. got good grades 4 She eel6:R88 excellent grades on the exam. I 9 will have sl!lilll. Unil12 looking ahead .

1 Have yeu ever written a timed essay in yeur language or in English? q:. Successful entrants will receive a free subscription to the magazine fer . impreve the student's answer by correcting the mistakes. 3 Will you ever have to write a timed essay in English in the future? If yes. a. I he I-. too infermal._"locc="'lL'::~_ _1 """"c'. which are underlined. You may make notes and write drafts on the paper provided. Use the examiners' criteria and the scoring system tc give the student's work a final score.J o Q. Has the question been completely answered? Do you think this would pass or fall? Why? 3 Editing the sample In pairs. ! .TV t 2 ~ake a list of differences between writing a timed essay and .ed aJ. Having a structure for approaching writing is crucial. 4 Write a draft using complete sentences. tk . That is true but yeu need test-taking strategies.lish. good Eng.huns e:ve:ry#u:1/. Talk about any new techniques you have tried.cellent 4 := very good 1 = poor 0 := ve ry poor 3 == good 2 '" borderline /5 130 2 Examining a sample answer a Read this lest-laker's answer. Look at these seven recommended steps. ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: werking w ith vocabulary Put yeur strategies into action! Write your answer te the exam question in Exercise 1.-_~"''tt-"t""".organized and does the w riting flow smoothly? /5 /5 InlemalionallV magazine • What is your favorite show on TV? • Why do you like it? We are looking for short artictes answering these 5 6 Style: Hew appropriate is the style for the context? I. looking ohead Unit 12 . Criteria 1 Content: hew fully did the candidate answer the question? Score for this work Question 1 Imagine you have just seen the following advertisement for an international TV magazine.one year! Total score for Question 1 Scoring system 5 "" ex. good time management IS essential. is it too formal. Can you lind it? 1 Read the question very carefully. Write your article for the International TV magazine (150-1S0 words).one witheut a time limit. or jusl right? Reader: Hew easy would it be for the reader te understand what the writer says? /5 /5 questions."/UOlt on. {/a-nue b!:.J > u. ~ 0:::: ::) Section 3: Writing You have 60 minutes to complete this section. /5 -' 2 3 4 Accuracy: how accurate is the grammar and vocabulary? Variety: how varied is the grammar and vocabulary? Organizatien: How clear is the text? Are ideas logically .fl Ln a wry !A-mp'. 4 Having a strategy j wrJ. _1J1q. I i:eLeYl/nq tius and -me fdvre j trof. 5 Revise your first draft. 3 Organize your notes into paragraphs. discuss these questiens. 6 Allow time te proofread your final essay.C) z - The writing part of an exam 1 Looking at an exam question Read this exam question. There is one mistake in the order.a. b Look at the answer more carefully.e "¥. "J l . when? b Many people think that passing an English test only requires.s a 2 Make notes that answer the question.k ~ ''fi a>Ui ' usually bqp >VK1y fad /axi5. I a In groups.e. I ek at the new vocabulary entries you have made c Since Unit 11. !la-nue OUWY5 shylY. How easy would it be for you to answer this question? ~<J<I REVIEW ReVj~w your action ptan: working with vocabulary - t~ I~ pairs. Write your final answer neatly in the test booklet. til£.e to w an op.. too.t ~US':' . 7 Write your essay again. As tests are timed. o >o u.. as well. The best three will be published in January's edition of International TV magazine.

right? b Complete the second sentence so that it mea ns tbe same as the firs t one. a . 5 A When my mom died she len me 33. which ofthese shirts would you like? B I need more shirts so I'll take bothlalVeyetJ one of them. c get @)lave been getting 2 a might have been (JYwill be c have d have been 3 a are increasing @ vi\l have increased c will be increasing d increase 4 a would have b may @ vould d will 5 a will never be b had never been beard @ vould never have hoon d won't be Global warming or global warning'f d Match the two halves to make complete and logical sentences . if you need my help. th at hardly any of the students came.5 degrees. Use the words in pa rentheses. Whole cities 2 action IS not taken opinion is dividcd~n th ffithreatened. c. the increase in rain. hadn't been invenrcd Slog ~at If r.'I'm thinking about what you said. IS crops had benefited from Experts predict that b temperatures 3 end of the cenrury P . she'll be angry. 4 A Is all ofthe equipment in the computer room new? B No. . 2 A Do you usc any salt in your cooking? B JUSI enough to give the food a little more flavor. to be precise. bul most of it is. (claim) She claimed to havelthat she had no idea who the murderer was . Yes. (told) She told me that sbe was thinking about what lsaid .33% of the property. sir. b. ruverslty of Maryland climate change 4 e action SOOn.he automobile heard of. H owever' One farmer told us that h~ e ects of climate change. b 4 If you want to joi n the swimming club. d 3 If you take that without asking her. 1 Give me a call e 2 If you lend me five dollars. 3 A Why are there so few students at school today? B There was so much snow. or d to fill in the blanks in the article on the right. 1 a gOI b were gettin. The Water I~~el has been [lsmg in coastal areas and if . 5 II's the weather I like most ahout Greece. B And the other two Ibirds are equally divided between your brother and sister. (thing) Tbe weather is tbe tbinl that 1 like most about Greece c Choose the correct answer." she sa id. 2 It is a requirement of the government to spend more money on public health care. ' ~fessor Greenmore of the U· .y 2. Furthermore. please. over 90% of it is new. J a warmmg 5 _ _ __ b . (ought) The government requires that more money ought to be spent on p ublic health care 3 "I have no idea who the murderer is. everyone all both hardly any a little a few several two thirds half 1 A OK. 4 . I'll pay you back tomorrow." she said. c 5 Try linding a cheaper apartment a a b c d e if you want to save money. said that if we didn't tak . In some cases.a Fill in the blanks using an appropriate expression of quantity. 1 You have to wear a he lmet at all times on the building site (worn) A helmet must be worn at all times on the building site. The effects of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 1 WOrse and worse and if nothing is done they will COntinu: to have a damaging effect ~n the quality of life. the effects of long-term effect Could be accelerate and the Professor Greenmore sa~atastro~hic. two answers may be possible. you have 10 be at least 12 years old.t.

(finish) future perfect 2 This time noxt year.. :J An implant is a something YO ll pu l in the ground . 4) whOSE) population has been \1I«f increasing at alarming rates. Many I)f'scien1ists argue that GM food should be 3) adopted as th e onl y so lution to the problem of feeding the world. sports show 5 Host: And when did you know yo u wanled to be an aclress? talk show Actress: Since I was about six . I've been working with a petrochemical company ever s ince then. so Illfld to 2 retake them.® mmething placed in a person. I did a four.getting into college. If we do not accept GM foods. quiz show News has just come in abou t the conti n uing civil war in Zalibad . _ __ 3 A jar of. Check (v) the correct lines and cross ()O those where there is an extra word. _ _ ' _ _ _ 2 A can of: . _ K5) Scientists predict that it will have ~ doubled by Ihe end of the 6) 2'lst century. 4 Crops aro a food for nnimal s. Not all the words are used.. 11) pesticides could become a thing of the past. G!\'I Foods: a possibl e solution? 1) Genetically modified food has become a conlroversial subject 21 in recent yea rs. Environmental organizutions 12) say that GM foods should not jd' be imposed un til we know mo re about the dangers. thell they must ~ consider the fact that GM foods are resistant e 10) to insects and if we J}JIe" change 10 GM foods in twenty years. b water used to make plants grow. I used to sing and da nce fo r guests w hen they .e Choose the best hmse from the list below to complete the sentences. _ _ 5 A carton of: ___ . did getting into pass good grade fa il a test degree in retake reviewing for I had a hard time 1 . future perfect future progressive present perfect present perfect progressiv~ 1 By March. 1 A pesticide is chemi cal used to kill insects. I have watched enough TV ror today. (find) future perfect 4 I dou' t w. Team B.1. I spent all summer 3 reviewing for the exams while my friends were out having fun. famine wil! increase. or plant.lI1 t lo watch the midnight movie. Our repo rtor. b a medicine given to animals. .year 4 . this question is for you. (live) future p rogressive 3 In ten years. But yo u can 't leave me. c th e history of a fami ly. Complete the text with a word or words from the box. But I passed them and tlnally entered the uni versity that fall . so I'm goi ng to bcd. tal k show current affairs documentary dra ma movie music program q u iz show reality TV s itcom soap opera s ports show the news va riety show 1 2 3 4 Harry. 1 A bagof. If 7) The oplion of GM food should . 5 A flood is a a period of exlreme dryness. (work) present perfect progressive f Read the text below and look carefully at each line. ® Which kind orTV show do these lines come from? Choose from the list orTV shows in the box... OK . Janssen passes the ba ll but Makelele intercepts. ~} large amount of water that suddenly covers an area.. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which s hould not be there. g Think ortwo words that are ofte n used with the following containers.1roline! I love you! And whal about the ch ildren? soap opera Both teams now have 12 points. (li). ___ _ h Choose the best definition of the following words.. II 's a goal! What a goall The goalkeeper didn 't stand a chance. 2 The genome is a someone who is very intelligenl. Use the verb in parentheses. When did . (watch) present per fect 5 1'111 exhallsted. I have_been working all day non-stop. we will be Jjying in our new house. the news A long pass . 4 A bottle of: _ _ .<!!»lants that are grown for food..he complete set of genes in a living thing. c something you feed animals. moves past Wilson and shoots. ! failed my final high schoo l exams. Diane Case has this .degreeJn chemistry and after that 15 djd a Master's and specialized in petroch emicals. c m eat and vegetables. scientists will have found life on Mars.6 be taken seriously by environmcntal /C 8) orga nizHtions. C. we will have finished the house.. c a substance that makes plants grow. animnl.. If they are reall y opposed to the use of pesticides in 9) fa rming. ___ ' ___ .

Here are a famous American person and place which many people consider to be beautiful.------"Everything has its beauty . Which is the most appropriate answer to these questions? 1 Where is the beauty the singer describes in the song? Q nside ourselves b in the world around us c nowbere to he found ....1' 2 What kinds of problems does the song refer to? a global b fam ilyGPersonal 3 What is the overall tone of the song? @ ptimistic b neutral c pessimistic Song 1 Beautiful . 2 Listening for gist ~ Read the questions and then listen to the song. Do you think they 're beautiful? Why / Why not? b Choose three people or places from your country and tell your group why you think they are the most beautiful. J) but not everyone sees U Confucius 1 Getting started a Work in groups.Beautiful by Christina Aguilera .

. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And evel)"'Nhere we go the sun will always 12 But tomorrow will find a way on the other side. oh.. it's hard to 2 Now and then I get 3 insecure from all the pain. to be delirious 10 think or talk in a confused way because you are menIally or p hysically ill. Nole that the expressions in numoors four. no. 1 What is the song ahout? Z Why does the subject pronoun change from ''I'' in the first verse and chorus to "you" in the second verse and chorus and then to "we" in the iast verse and chorus? GLOSSARY wonhIlyria sI"_'' ""'" 4 Finishing off Discuss those questions. to bring someone down to depress someone.3 Listening for deta il ~ a Lislen and complete the song lyrics. Z There is an expression in English: Slicks and stones con breok your bones but words can never hurt YOII. 'Cause you are beautiful 10 in every s ingle way Yes. you're 7 delirious So consumed in all your doom. no matter what we say. no. oh. b In groups. left the puzzle undone. five. words can't bring you down. what don't you like about it? Use the ideas on the right to help you.. I'm so ashamed.. So 11 d on'l yoy bring me down today No matter what we do. Trying hard to fill the 8 emptiness . How much do you agree with this? Can you think of any occasions when words havo hurt you or someone you know? . and six arc repealed. We are beautiful 14 no mailer what they sa y Yes. So 15 don 't you brillg me clown today . So 6 don't vou bring me down today To all your friends. no. I am beautiful 5 in every single way Yes. Is that the way it is? You are beautiful 9 no mailer what they say Words can't bring you down. words can't bring me down. words won'l bring us down. oh . to be consumed in all your doom to feel thaI your situation is so terrible thai you can only feel negative about everything. 1 Do you like the song? If yes.. Instruments Beautiful . Beautiful Don't look at me Every day is so 1 wonderful then suddenly. words can't bring us down. the piece is gone... I am beautiful 4 no mailer wh at they say Words can't bring me down .. what is it you like? lfnot. discuss these questions. oh no. breathe shine 'Cause we are beautiful 13 no mailer what they say Yes.

talk about the questions you chose. The other characters have jobs ranging from massage therapist to soap opera actor. is a paleontologist.. Read the questions and pick four that you'd like to talk about. two of the characters. two oflhe friends have a 4 fight and 5 fall out but before long. female ...I'll Be There For You by the Rembrandts Fr iends "Friends" is about a group of six young New Yorkers who share apartments and 1 hang out in the same toffee shop_ They don't seem to have very much in 2 common . settle figh t fall bang there make downs common b Write down the names of two or three of your closest friends. Over the years.. 1 Do all your friends know each other or do you have separate groups of fri ends? 2 Are your friends male. have a baby together. Ross. Monica and Chandler. or both? 3 Do you have a different relationship with your male and fema le fri ends? 4 How did you meet them? 5 What do you have in common with your friends? 6 Where do you usually hang out? 7 Have you ever really fallen out with any of your fri ends? 8 What kinds of things have you had fi ghts about? 9 How did you manage to make up with them? 10 Have you ever dated any of your fri ends? c In pairs.. You can use the words in the box below or your own ideas. get married.I . is a chef. while two others. Monica. Think about what you can say about the friends you've chosen. II looks as if Joey and Phoebe will never rea lly 7 settle down. Ross and Rachel. But one thing that is constant throughout is their friendship. Ask and answer the other questions if you want to.. Each one of them knows that if they are down.. you know they're going to 6 make up and become friends again. their relationships have their ups and 3 downs • From time to time. In fact. Song2 111Be There ForYou \. for instance. either in their careers or private lives. 1 Getting started a Read this text about the American comedy series "Friends" and fill in the blanks. while her brother. there wi ll always be someone 8 tbere for them.

no one could ever see me. but some of them are not true. or even your year. things are going great.. stands for 'dead on arrival' . I'll Be There For You So no one told you 1 life was gonna be this way.. . your month. T You're lale for work. but ..~ T hese sentences about the song are in the right order. And it hasn't been your day. what is it you like? lf llot.. T Everything's fine today. I' ll be there for you pour When the rain starts to 4 I'll be there for you like I've been there 5 before I'll be there for you 'Cause you're there for me 6 too You're still in bed at ten and work began at 7 eight You've burned your breakfast so far. 1 Do you like the song? if yes. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your 9 Chorus No one could ever 10 _--"~o w kn ~. F 4 I'll always be your friend.. make it through all the rest with Someone to face the 11 Someone I'll always 12 laugh with. yo u could say you're stuck in second gear. Listen and put ur" next to the true sentences and "F" next to the false sentences. day with. how m uch of it di d yo u un derstand before? images central message music instruments . T 3 This was a great year for you.. Yeah! It's like you're always stuck in second gear.D. J 2 You do n 't like you r job. Seems you' re the only one who knows w hat it's like to be me. Your 8 mother warned you there'd be days like these. or even your year.:-_ me. what don't you like about it? Usc the ideas on the right to help you. T 5 6 7 8 I know you' re my friend. your love life is a disaster! stuck in secon d gear This is 8 driving metaphor.. Your job's a joke. 2 Have you heard it before? If so. I'm best with you. The first two have been do ne fo r you as examples. F I'm an easy person to undersland .A. you're 2 broke your love life's D. In other words. knees Chorus singer's voice 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions.. your week. Even at my worst. your ffiDflth..2 Listening for gist '-. your week. II's like you're always 3 stuck in second gear. You can only go very slowly in second gear! So if your life seems to be going nowhere. F 3 Listening for detail ~ Read the words of the song and then listen and fill in the blanks. And it hasn 't been your day.. Song 2 .. but . 1 Everyone told you life wou ld be like this.

we go back to the old one? she's always been his favorite ! 2 She's really blown her chance of b th e job 3 This new computer program is c rea lly messing with my head. by arriving late for the interview. Now. 6 Can you find out why the Intern~ f it meant everything to me. in fact I'm sure of it because 5 My whole world came crashing e down when I lost my job · ~ told his colleagues exactly what he thought ofth em./ 2 Listening for gist ~ You're going to listen to a song in which a guy tells a girl about their relationship. you could say: I bet my brother's going to marry his girlfrie nd. the context is work. with your parlner. Listen and circle the correct answer for each of the questions below. 4 J bet he's going to give the job to d And rea. c Now check your answers by matching the expressions in bold with the correct meaning below. isn'.. "'-' it's a mystery to me. 1 Whose plans were destroyed? 2 Who fo und out about them? 3 Who burned their bridges? 4 Who wasted their opportunity? 5 Who cried a river before? 6 Who's going to cry a river now? h is~ 9 / hcr him. 1 He really burned his br idges when he left the company when he . a to get information 6 b to seem as if it has been destroyed 5 c to waste an opportunity 2 d to be sure of something 4 e to be driven crazy by something/someone 3 f to make sure there is D O chance of going back 1 d In the sentences above. use the same expressions to describe a relationship.-€D him~ CE!9'her hi ~ 5ong3 Cry Me A River . '-.Cry Me A River by Justin TImberlake 1 Getting started a Match the firs t and second halves of thase sentences.-___ a so can'. For example. working because b Guess the meaning of the words in bold from the context. I saw them looking at rings in a jewelry store.

And don't it make you 10 sad about it. AU of the things people told me keep messing with my head . Now there's Just no chance. Then listen and check. (Don't act like you don't know it). But it wasn't like you only 7 talked to him and you know it. for you and me. what is it you like? If not. Chorus (Oh) The damage is done so I guess I be 9 leaving You don't have to say what you did. Cry me a river. Your bridges are burned and now it's your 6 turn to cry. Cry me a river. 50 you took a chance. Girl. But I bet you didn't think the thing would come crashing down. don't let that be. Now there's just no chance. for you and me.3 Listening for detai l ~ Complete the SOilS with the words in the box. what don 't you like about it? Use the idoas below to help you. And don't it make you sad about it. I found out from him. I 5 refu se : you must have me confused w ith some other guy. You should've picked B honesty . leaving sad other refuse earth a lready talked honesty alone turn Cry Me A River You were my sun. yeah yeah 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. don't let that be. Cry me a river. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. no. you were my 1 earth But you didn't know all the ways I loved you. al l 4 alone 7 Now you tell me you need me when you call me on the phone. You told me you loved me. I found out from him . 13 already know. Images central mess. I already know. Why did you leave me. You know that they say some things are bener left unsaid. then you may not have blown it. Cry me a river. What things could you say to him to mako him feel beller? . you made 2 other plans. You don't have to say what you did. Cry me a river Go on and just cry me a river 'Cause I've already cried Cry me a river yeah yeah Ain't gonna cry no more. no. musk: instruments Z Imagine that you wore one of the singer's closest friends.

e 3 Unfortunately.the colors will fade. Thinking ahout the six words in exercise l b and the title. b 2 Pi ease do not discard food containers Oil the beach. read the sentences and then match the words with the correct definitions below.I must have mis rea d the address. his broken leg look several months to hea l. d ©. if you hoar about a door being closed first. leI The SUn Go Down On Me . c a a small piece b read incorrectly c to walk without any direction or fixed purpose d become weaker or less bright e throw away f become we ll or whole again c The tit le of the song you are going to hear is "Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me". b The six highlighted words in the sentences below are all in the song. a 5 Don'. leI the sun go down on me"? 5ong4 Don'. did YO ll learn anythi ng else about what the singer means by the phrase "Don'. r 4 A fr agment of a lost Shakespeare play has beon discovered in tho British library. then write the number 1 next 10 that picture. dry your now I-shirt in the sun . For exam ple. Before you listen to the song. 1 Sorry I'm late.Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John 1 Gett ing started a This song was a big hit for Elton John and George MichaeL Toll your partner anything you know about these Iwo s ingers. how might they be connected with a song abou t a relationsh ip? For instance. need a map. how could " misreading" be a problem in a relationship? 2 Listening for gist ~ a Listen and put the pictures in the order you hoar them mentioned in the song. h Having listened to the song once. I wenl to the wrong street . We're just goi ng to wander around tho city for a few hours. 6 We don'.

al message rhythm music chorus instruments b The expression. there's hope. Were your predictions right? What con nection do the words have with the relationship described in the song? '--- 4 Finishing off a Do you like the song? If yes. Look on the hrisht side. There 's /iSht at the end of the tunnel. I can't find. what is it you like? If not. it's always someone else I see I'd just allow a fragment of your life to wander 8 free But 9 losing everything is like the sun going down on me.3 Listening for detail ~ a Read tho words of tho song and then listen and fill ill the blanks. oh. All my pictures seem to fade to black and white tired and time stands still before me I'm growing 2 Frozen here on the :3 ladder of my life. b Find tho six words you made predictions about in Exercise t c. . Hero are other expressions in English abou t "light" and "hope". the right 10 romantic line But see me once and see the way I feel Don't discard me just because you think I mean you 11 But these cuts I have they need 12 love harm to help them heal. words/tyrks images stnger's voke cent. "Don't lot tho sun go down on me" cou ld mean "Don't tako away a ll hope". Too late to save myself from 4 falling I took a chance and changed your way of life But you misread my 5 meaning when I met you Closed the door and left me blinded by the 6 light Don't let the sun go down on me 7 Although I search myself. c Do you have similar expressions in your language? Tell your partnor about a time whon you needed to use or hoar one of these expressions. Don't let The Sun Go Down On Me I can't light no more of your 1 darkness . Where there's life. The dorkest hour is just before the dawn. what don't you like about it ? Use the ideas below to help you.

The Logical Song by Supertramp 1 Getting started "Tho Logical Song" is about how education in general and sch ool o o 0 o 0 0 School days afe the best days of your life. 50095 The logicol Song ...... W Tho singer is sen t to a school where he is socia lized .. Predict the order of these slages and then listen to the song and check yo ur answers.... !II T he Singer begins to question his education .. o o o 0 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0 o o o . o o educalion in particular can shape our personality and limit our individuality.. It is n't the role of a school to teach children what's right and wrong.. AU good schools help chitdren to discover and develop their creativity.." 2 Listening fo r gist @ Tho song examines diff~rent slages in the si nger's life..... Ch~~ the box thai represe nts yOW" op iniOn for each sontence. Children should be free to study what and when they like. GLOSSARY 10 preserve the sta lus quo to keep things the way they have been traditionally. . The mai n purpose of school is to preserve the status quo. Here are some opinions about this subject. T hen compare and discuss your answers with your partner. CD The singer is happy and open to his world.. o III The singer becomes angry and rebellious.. Schools give children the discipli ne they need to beco me useful members of society.

cynICal. be so cynical . Now. 3 Ms.it wasn'l just inlcllcclunl stuff. you know. 1 magical [ And all the bIrds In the trees. responsible dependable presentable practical cynical absurd 1 For goodness' sake. Thoro's somo good in everyone. a miracle. complete the sentences below with the most appropriate adjectivo.the leachers wera too cynical. ~ c Now read lhe song and check your answers. what don't you like about it? Usc tho ideas on the right to he lp you. a liberal.' ~ b Now liston to lho song and numbe r tho words in the box above in tho ordor you hear thom in the song. put on a clean shirt! You've got to be presentahle for tho interview. we'd like to feel you're acceptable. G YOli expcct me to bolieve that your dog ate your homework!? Marlin. 2 Tho song takes a very nogative view o f growing up and education. There are times. a fanatIcal 7 criminal ! Oh won't you sign up your name. watch what you say or they'll be calhng you a radical. We learned plenty of practical subjccls at school. presentable. Before you listen 10 it again. oh. It seemed that life was so wonderful. clinical. . Intellectual. practICal. We wera made 10 feel responsible for our own learning. that is completely a h!>urd ! ' . Won't you please. But what do you think? Discuss with your partner whether any of tbese sentences wero true for you or someone you knew. Joyfully. 2 Don'. a 8 vegetable I 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. In the ten years that she has worked with the bank sho bas never been lale fo r work. I was more creative as a child Ihan I am now. Io9l<al. It was hard 10 get inspired at school . what is it you like? if not. Then listen to the song again 'and fill in the blanks. when all the world's asleep. 4 J wish you were a bit more responsi ble about your work: you just don't seem to care. but he doesn't have much practical expericnce in everyday business. the 5 questions run too deep for such a simple man. but please tell me 6 who I am. oh It was beautIful. well they'd be sInging so happily. S lie's 8 good candidate on papor. The Logical Song When I was young. playfully 2 watching mel But then they sent me away 10 teach me how to be 3 sensible . 1 Do you like the song? If yes. I know it sounds absurd. please tell me what we've learned. I cried a lot when I first wont to school. responsible. respectable.3 Listening for detail a There are II number of adjectives inlhc song. Thornton is a vcry dependable employee. And then they showed me a 4 world where I could be so dependable.

. she has never lived in India. When you're finished. gig on her 16th She played her first 2 birthday an d went on to win a number of special 3 awards for her jazz singi ng. She went on t o sell nea rly 2 0 million albums in the fi rst t wo years and won eight Grammy Award s. tell some other students your story... she moved to Manhatta n and start ed pl ayi ng wi th a 4 group called "Wax Poetic". Before listening.. jazz.. but it seemed t hat music was in her blood... Come Away With Me...ColT' ~ worldwide success and the title 7 Away With Me was one of the most played songs 0 .. Norah Jones is the daughter of one of India's most famo us 1 musicians . -. In 2000.1 Getting started a Look at this list of words commonly used when talking about the music world. make up a short story with your partner including all the pictures. they were signed by America's most famous jazz 5 label "B lue Note" and recorded their first 6 album Come Away With Me. Which story is the most romantic / the strangest / the most original? Song 6 Come Away With Me . Since ____ then... However.. She began si nging in church when she was five and took up the piano two years l ater. and blue ~ c You're going to listen to one of Norah Jones' most famous songs. All of the images on page 145 are mentioned in the song. . Check that you know all of them. but soon formed her own group. singer/songwriter studio label charts track album touring stage musicians copies gig/concert band/group awards fans b Read this short article and complete the text using some of the words from Exercise la. the year.. Jones foll owed t his up with the album . this talent ed 9 songwriter hasn't stopped singi ng her unique blend of country.. She was brought up by her American mother in Texas. In 1999.. Ravi Shankar. This was an incredible track . In 2004 . which went straight to the top of the 8 charts in 16 different countries.. GLOSSARY the Grammy Awards (he mosl important annual awards gi ven to performers and music writers by the American Music Industry.. Feels like Home.

4 Finishing off a Do you liko the song? If yes. Come Away With Me Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they can't 1 With their 2 lies I want to walk with you on a cloudy day In fields where the yellow grass grows 3 Knee high So 4 won't you try to come? tempt us Come away with me and we'll 5 On a mountain top kiss Come away with me And I'll never stop 6 loving you For I want to 1 wake up with the rain Failing on a tin roof While I'm 8 safe there in your arms So alii ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me ~ . or romantic? wordsllyrks singer's voke central message rhythm chorus Images musK instruments b In grou ps... what is it you like? If not.. Do you find any of the images in the song beautiful. b Wbafs the relationship between the singer and the person she's singing to? 3 Listening for detail ~ a Read the lyrics and check the order of the pictures. _. original .2 Listening for gist Now listen to the song and put the pictures in exercise lc into the order you bear them. discuss these questions. 1 Who do you think . Then listen again and write the missing words. so write " 1 " next to that picture. you'll hear ''I'll write you a song" first. .·they" are in verse two? 2 Why does tho singer ask her lover to go away with her "in the night "? 3 Why do you th ink the lovers in the song might need to leave? 4 Do you know any stories of lovers who have run away? .. why not? Use the ideas be low to help you. For example.

Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b
Read the role your teacher gives you.

Role C : membe r of local chamber of commerce Role A: local resident
You really do not want the hostel to be built on the land . Before the hospital was burned down, the area was very pleasant to live in. It has deteriorated over the last two years, and you think it will get worse if the hostel is built as it win attract some undesirable people. You think this will affect property prices and will become dangerous for the children in the area. The area is quite bui\t* up and you think the land should become a park, with a children's play area, and maybe a swimming pool. There is an industrial area on the other side of the city, which you feel would be a better site for the hostel. You are also personaUy worried about how this would affect the value of your property. You recognize that such centers are needed, but why on your doorstep? Your concern is the economic weU-being of the city. It used to be a very wealthy city, but that has changed over the last ten years as a number of businesses have moved away. The area of the city under discussion is a prosperous residential area, and you feel that a commercial center, with banks, shops, and businesses would be a much better use of the site. It would encourage the wealthy residents to spend money, and as it is on the outskirts of the city, it would also encourage people from the surrounding area. You could also benefit financially from such a project as you have a building company.

e ess people. Most f homeless people d 0 the problems in the i . 0 not cause alcoholics and dr~~y~~~~r: ~re a few people would stand a '~~c~tbthese chance of 9 tf etter lived . h e mg treatment ;f they m a ostel It wo Id I that the h . u a so mean jobs and could get the city S h e wealth of also h~lp u~ou a development would fru t . r career as you are s rated In your present job.

~;~e t hostel that could tagk:~~~n~~~

~~~:I~s~ re:1 PrOblem in the city with P two smau h:t:isT~re are currently enough beds. This ;ite ~tbithere aren't

Role. B: social worker

Role 0 : local doctor
You can't understand why the old hospital isn't going to be rebuilt. It was a small, old-fashioned hospital -and after the fire all the patients were. moved to the main city hospItal. However, the main _ hospital isn't big enough to cater for the whole city, so another hospital is needed, and there is now the opportunity to build one that is -bigger and more modern, and which could have specialist units. Furthermore, a new hospital would "benefit you personally as your office would probably be incorporated "into the hospital.

c~~~~~:e~~of~e

Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b

You are relieved that your parents know about your hobby, but you are determined to continue it. However, you know that you are going to have to make some compromises to continue, because you need their support. You also hope that they win buy you a motorcycle for your 18th birthday. You'll have to think of a couple of very good reasons why they should. Be prepared to listen to your parents' arguments and agree to anything sensible. Reassure them th~t you will continue to study and you WIll go to college . You really want a motorcycle, but you'\I wait to get a good one, and you have some money that you can contribute towards the cost.

Emma

Mother
You are horrified at Emma's hobby and you're very angry that she hid it from ¥ou. You also don't like Jake, her boyfriend, whose bike she uses. You want her to stop motorcycling but you don't want to have a huge argument about it. You're worried that it's dangerous, especially racing .

Father
You are also concerned about Emma's hobby, but you're not as worried as her mother. You know that Emma is a sensible girl and that she doesn't take unnecessary risks. You are worried about the cost of a motorcycle if she continues, though, and the costs of insuring it. You also feel that she should be using a small, not very powerful bike right now, as she hasn't had a lot of experience. You're prepared to pay some of the money towards a motorcycle for her birthday, but not a\1.

Try to persuade Emma to stop racing and to go o~ the motorcycle only in safe, places, I.e. not on main roads. You re aware that she has probably not had a proper course in riding a motorcycle, and offer to pay for one before she gets a bike of her own.

Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 4d Read the next paragraph of the story.

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Exercise 4c/d Choose one part from each of groups 1. 2 and 3 to write your description.

I climbed the chain-link barrier fence while the two brothers took the tension out of the barbwire strands at the top. Enough so I could straddle the fence, get one foot on the concrete wall of the aqueduct and drop some ten or twelve feet to the bottom. Then they lowered the bikes down to me su.s~nded on their belts. We rode for miles dOw~ this grant cOrridor of cement, the wheels of our bikes bumping over the brown lines of caulking used to seal the seams. Except for those seams it was the smoothest, flattest surface I'd ever ridden a bike on. (Story ending: The bo% spend hours bike riding in the aqueduct and through a tunnel, and they are eventually picked up by the police and taken home.)

Group 1

Group 2

'-'

Unit 6 Lesson 4 Exercise 7a Read the full version of the story of tho hitchhiker. A friend of 8 friend was driving along the Massachusetts Highway one night when he noticed a young woman walking along the side of the road. Concerned for her safety, he pulled over and asked her if she would like a ride. Without saying a word. she got into the car. As they were driving, he tried to engage her in conversation, but she remained silent and didn't say a single word during the entire journey. At the end of the Highway, he stopped at somo lights. The young woman got out of the car without saying goodbye or thanks. Thinking sho was extremely ungrateful, the man drove off and thought no more about her. A feW days laler he was cleaning his car when he noticed a purse on the floo r. Inside the purse was Ihe address of a house not too far away so he decided to return it to the young woman. when he arrived at tho house, an old man opened the door. The young man exp lained that he had come to return the purse to the young woman who lived there. The old man looked at the purse in amazement. "This purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed in a car accident on tho Massachusetts Highway more than 20 years ago."

Group 3

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Exercise 3 A So, this question. Which of these does not go with the word white? a) meat, b) bread, c) tea, d) egg. B Well, we definitely use white with egg . e Isn't it meat? D Na, I don't think so. Chicken is white meat. e Oh, you're rii ht. A It's c, tea, right? We can have black tea, but we say tea with milk, not white tea, right? D Yes, that's right, so it's c. What's the next question? A What is the name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it: a) the Black Sea, b) the Sea of Marmara, c) the Mediterranean Sea, or d) the Caspian Sea? C Oh, that's difficult. I have no idea. D Well , let's try to figure it out. It isn't the Mediterranean. B No, that's right. And the Caspian Sea is in Russia, I think. What do you think, Laura? A Yes, I think you're right. So maybe irs the Black Sea? C No, I think you're wrong, Laura. I went to the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. D So ... do we all agree that it's the Sea of Marmara? All Yes, let's put that ...

Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 2c So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to bum fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now, we will have run out of them within a couple of generations. We need to look at clean, renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and tidal power. But what is the present government doing? In a word, NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this, our future looks dark, very dark. If pollution continues to increase, our towns and cities will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. We'll be living in a world where, when it rains, it will rain ACID ... acid rain. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Facemasks ... facemasks will have become common in towns and cities. Vou see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemask today, but that's not the norm. Imagine ... a world where every living person wears a facemask. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie, I'm talking about your street, your town, your city ... I'm talking about your world ! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic, so much traffic, ladies and gentleman, that parking will have become a major problem. There will simply not be enough space to park your car. Parking places on the street - fulL Public and private parking lots - full! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. Already gridlock is a common, everyday problem. Imagine in ten years, my friends! Just imagine. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lack of clear policy on genetically modified food: and the way things are going, sadly, much of our food will soon be genetically modified. It may look like the answer in the short term, but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the health of our people? And that's not all. The economy will continue to deteriorate and, as a result, our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels, perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy - a vote for the people party. So on Thursday, vote for us, vote for ...

Answers and scores
Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise zb
Un it 4 Develop your writing Exer cise s b Compare this model paragraph with the one you have written.

Figure out your partner's score llnd read the analysis. Do you agree?

~

_ _ _'_ '_._

_ _

._ _ - -. ~ - . -1--

Internet addict or Internet phobe?
Scoring

1 a3 2 a1 3 a1 4 a3

b2 b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b2 01

"

5 a1 6 a1 7 a3

b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b 2 01

An a lYSis

18-21 : You're hooked on the Internet! If you don't start cutting back soon you may end up "disconnected" from the rea l world!
11-17: You have a healthy interest in information technology but you balance it with an interest in ~reallife". 7-10: Is your life affected at all by recent developments in

Ji-rwlLy, there is the quesb:on. rf fw.,edgm. and oLtgai:vm.s in tk fa-wLJi. On. """ ,",wi, _ Imngs duua. On 1M dheo-, " 1m"!!, ~. ')rkm. fw.,edgm. and ~ are nd 6aLa-need, there is cqn,f{jd. JOy exa'"rnfle, a !:ee?lL1ffY -wanis f:.o go !:o a po;.ty and tk pJ.;yenis dIJ nd -wani tIwm. f:.o ffJ. )tow can flus ccnftid be ewied. l /3df.. pa..ties -need 'WOYk. /;0 u">Ui.e:r1;a.nd the dhc:Ys peYSpx1:i've and I:d..e ~ fq,- theiy O>+n adions. .k paYenls -need f:.o 5Iurw theiy ciuld.Yen I:.Iu1l -wJh fw.,edgm. COmeS ~, so chi!d.Yen need 5Iurw paren1:s t/uU; !:ky can -manage t/uU; ~. In my w"W, the I:ee~ sIwuld.. tei1l:J-.ei.y paYems wf1ere t-ky aYe gccng, ..,.,.fll1f; k'»le !:ky ...dt niurn. fu:rme, and ask. ~ !:o go.

w

w

7k

~y tkn needs !:o fuLfill theiy otligalwn. £wY]! b.'»Ie a paYe:n1 and a ciuld.'s /::rn1; is wi fmi<.e.n, freedom ...dt i~. Of cau:r!e, alL !:fu.s is ea5[ey sad I:f.an done. Hc»e-yey, by tnd and em?Y a-nd. genu..?1£ Lo-ve and wn.dedandJ.-ng fa~ can 6ecurne ewn. ~.

Information Technology? You are in no danger of getting hooked bu t it may be a good idea to explore the Internet a little more: it might enrich your life rather than limit it.

Un it 5 Develop your learning Exercise lb Check the key to the questionnaire.

Uni t 4 Lesson 3 Exercise l b

25·36: An excellent score! You're getting lots of good practice and if you
keep doing these things your confidence can only grow. As they say, the best way to improve your speaking is to speak and you're certainly doing that . But that doesn't mean you should sit back and relax. Keep looking for ways to challenge yourself.

Look at the analysis for your score. Do YOli agree?

Your score
M ostly a: you're a fa ir-weather friend, You use your friends and see them when it suits you, but drop them Quickly if you no longer want their friendship. Do you have any old friends?

13-24: You're doing a lot of things riglit. Congratulations! But don't stop
there. There are still opportunities to take. Look down the list and see what you can work on . And although having imaginary conversations with yourself in English may sound half crazy, it does work. So build on the good work you're dOing!

Mostly b: you're a very good friend. but you're probably not quite as honest In friendships as you should be. You don't say what you think. so people don't always believe what you say. Mostly c: you 're a great friend. You probably have a lot of close friends because you are very caring and loyal. You make friends easily and keep friends fOl" a long time.

0-12:

Things aren't too bad and can only get better. Most people feel uncomfortable speaking in a foreign language but one thing is for sure - it will only get better if you work at it. Start by speaking more in class. You can also record yourself speaking English or have imaginary conversations ;n English. It rea lly helps. So start today - life's too short to miss opportunities and you never know where English could take you. Good luck!

U n it 4 Lesson 4 Exer cise 38 Check your answers

ami re"d the analysis for you.

Un it 7 Lesson 3 Exercise lc Read the analysis for your score. Do you agree?

Analysis
a - O b- I c - l a -I b- O c - l a-O b - I c - l a -I b - l

a-I
a -O

b- I
b-l

c - O c - O

c -I

Analysis
0-4:
You haven't learned how to be assertive, have you? You shou ld take credit for the work you do and make more of your career opportunities. Don't let people take advantage of you _ You have your beliefs and you stand up for them, but you also respect the rights of others to express t heir views _You've gotten a good balance into your life. confident but you should try and show more consideration for other people's feelings and views.

5-6:

Well, you're very honest (If you've answered the quiz honestly, of courser). Lying or cheating really isn't your thing, is ttl Good for your 9-19: You have been known to lie or try to cheat the system a IJttle, but who hasn't' There may be the odd occasion when being a little dishonest Is acceptable, but don't do it very ottent 20-32: Have you really told the truth in answering the questions or is that not In your nature' Your score suggests that you think nothing of being dishonest - but what do other people think about this!
Unit 9 Lesso n 2 Exercise lb Check your ans wers to th e 1.Q. puzzles.

G-8,

7· 12. You've become a bit too aggressive: it's good to be

1 c 2 d 3 b 4 The man is very short and can't reach the
bulton for th e 10th floor.

Communication activities

149

Student A
Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise lb Read the text about SlIlma Hayek's cnrl y life. Complete the graph.

®
soap opera
went to

moved to LA

®
became an

university
good

","""
CD

®
went to school in Louisiana kicked out
of school

bad

boen
1966

®

dropped out of university

Livin' the Vida Loca

5alma Haye k is the first Mexican actres~ to Hollywood movie star Since become a R' Ha ek was bom in Veracruz, Dolores De lio. Y 2 1966 He r parents M 'co on Septem ber, . eXI, a rivate Catholic school in

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exen::ise 1 b Read the text about ka rate. then go back to page 82.

sent her to

P

11 The school
• . behave
t
0

Louisiana whe n she was

expelled h e r because she used to mls constantly. and so she had to return

Mexico.
In college she stu

karate
Karate is a form of martial art originating over two thousand years ago in India. However, it is now known as a Japanese martial art: it was brought to Japan via China and became established there in the 17th century. The word karate means "empty hand", which describes the open hand technique used now - the sport used to involve closed fist fighting before it evolved into its present form. The aim of karate is to be in total control of the muscles in your body so that you can use them with force and accuracy. Experts often break objects to show mental and physical training but when

Martial arts:
they fight, their blows do not make physical contact. The sport is based on attacks with the feet or the hands, but the force and momentum comes from the hips, so good balance and hip rotation is everything. Many people take up karate as self-defense, although for many others the martial art and the philosophy behind it form a way of life.

d' d Intemational Relations
Ie

but she didn't finish her studies; instea • ~ e d out with the intention of becoming droppe arents didn't agree at fi~st, an actress. Her p ' d to goong h Hayek wasn t use bU~i:~~hh:~gparents' wishes, she ~ollo",:ed ~er

d

h

~;stincts. Her first break w;S gett~~;~o:ul: i~

local theate r, which didn t pay . Then she got a starrmg . was good experience. The role in a popularTV soap opera. Tereso . . Hayek famous m shoW'S success ma d e . Mexico. Despite her success, she deCided to quit the show and to move to L.A. to make a career in Hollywood.

GLOSSARY
misbehave act in an unacceptable way instincts natural feelings

GLOSSARY

martial to do with war or fighting
momentum the rorce thai keeps something moving

150

Communication octivities

The actress got her first big break in 1991 when she starred in My Crazy Life. d systcm \\-"O. In the sam e year. Haye k released Frida base d on the life of the fa mous M exica~ painter. He r next moyie Desperado. which a lso starred Will Smith a n~ Kevin Kline. The Faculty (1998). ne\"er been a serious faminc •. the film was a disaster. five years . GM food: the arguments against Although we haven't proved that ~M ~~ps are dange rous.S.The alternative is to plant a kind of grass that gelS nd of the insects. This was done with corn and the crop doubled.-'. Frida Kahlo. ® Dogma Despemdo The Faculty Frida was a huge success learned to drive @ ® ® good ® learned English From Dusk TIll Dawn bombed Wild Wild West bad Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 311 Livin' the Vida Loca Although Hayek was use d to considerable success and fam e in Mexico. bombe d at the box.S.. Road th e arguments against GM foo d and complete the table on page 106.. Even dun ng the famines in Ethiopia. UtaI s. she decided not to pursue her career immediatety in LA. there is an unp redIctabIlity and uncertainty in genetic modific3tion because of a 13Ck of knowledge about how genes work. she used to avoid the movie crowd when she first arrived there. and Dogma (1999). We want 3 global ban on GM . In late 2002. Haye k had a starring role in Wild Wild Wen. which is why wc muSI find alternatives. not expensIve technology. On th e contrary. Th.StudentB U nit 2 Lesson 1 Exer cise 1b Read the text and complete the graph about Sa1ma Hayek's life after sho moved from Mexico to the U. biotechnology provides resistance to certam insects but only for 3 period of. They won't be.. ~ unger in the world is to do wi th mo ney. Instead.. For . say.. ~e GM solution is 3 quick. We 3re not saying that all GM cropS arc dangc rous. The film wa s a huge success in the U.e. T h is solution used local materials. GLOSSARY pursue to follow a courso of action bomb (in this context) to be a failure GLOSSARY biotechnology science basad on cells and bacteria ban stopping someone from doing something Communication aetMties 151 . Grecnpeacc says food supply is nOI the issue. tcchnical solution thai wlil lead to orner problems later. Unfortunately. rom usk. example. Hayek spent her first yea r learn ing English and sh e also learned to drive. There are other \~ays that can acmallY provide a better long-term solunon. Till Dawn ( 1996). in any country whcre merc·s been a democracy. a tee n thriller. was a success With both critics a nd audiences. the government exported f~ from there because that was the way me economiC ". BUI we must ha\"C 3 right to look carefully al those that are da ngerous. and the grasses were used to feed anim~ls. office. which starred Antonio Banderas I put Haye k on the Hollywood map: Unfortunately. the movie that followed F o . did muc h be ~ter.

Play the song. Words con·t bring me down. Answers: The song is ahout how everybody is beautHul inside. irs hard to breathe. 'Couse we ore beautiful no molter what they soy. You ore beautiful no molter what they soy. ("ugly" and as hamed because she's famous and has too much exposure). Yes. no. So don·t you bring me down today. You may need to play it more than once. oh. she is saying that everybody shou ld feel confident about being positive and "'beautiful". no. Preseillalion If students have problems hearing the missing words. oh. ~~---------------------------------------------------. To all your friends you're delirious. Students have to listen and "choose" the wo rd they hear. words con·t bring us down. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions in Exercise 2 carefully as a class. In the chorus.Units 1 &2 Beautiful Lead in by Christina Aguilera Bring in your own pidures of beautiful people and things: pop and film stars. even if other people are criticizing them. Let students check their answers in pairs. Yes. Addiflonol activity What makes a person beoutifvl? Ask students to work in small groups to make 0 list of five or six things thot make a person beautiful inside and/or outside. too. and saying tbat they should feel beautiful. no molter whot we soy. In the last verse and chorus. etc. Sa don·t you bring me down today. In the first verse the singer is singing about how she feels. she is speaking directly to the people listening to her. teft the puzzle undone. no. 10m beautiful in ~ery single way. 4 Finishing off Discuss lhe questions in Exercise 4 as a class. locations in students' countries. ·Couse you ore beautiful in ~ery single way. 3 Listening for detail Play the song agnin. I am beautiful no molter what they soy. Words can't bring you down. • 1Iemative Put studen ts in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 3b. write them at random on the board. Ask students to listen and complete the lyrics. words con't bring me down. oh. I'm so ashamed. Don't look at me Every day is so wonderful then suddenly. 1 Getting started Put students in groups of four or five to do the task in Exercise 1. Use these pictures when doing the group work task in exercise 1 . and should have the confidence to feel beautiful. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And ~erywhere we go the sun will always shine. or piny and pause. oh. words won't bring us down. the pieces gone. So don't you bring me down today. So consumed in all your doom. Ask students to listen and choose the best answe r. Now and then t get insecure from all the poin. no. Trying hard to fill the emptiness. words can't bring you down. No molter what we do. Yes. Yes. But tomorrow will find a wayan the other side. We ore beautiful in fNCry single way. Is that the woy it is? Song 1 T 134-13S Beautiful .

I'll be there for you When the rain starts to pour I'll be there for you Uke I've been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Your job's a joke. but . no one could ever see me. Play the song again. Ask students to share their ideos with the class. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your knees that . things are gOing great. etc. Give students three or four minutes to prepare answers to the questions they have chosen. or even your year. In the feedback. Ask students to listen and fill the rest ofthe blanks. So no one told you life was gonna be this way. your week. And it hasn't been your doy. Ask students in pairs or small groups to complete the sentence starter above in five different ways. etc. Someone rll always laugh with. A friend is someone you can trust. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Play the song for Exercise 2. Your mother wamed you there'd be days like these. Seems you're the only one who knows what irs like to be me. rm best with you. but . You're sfill in bed ot ten and work began at eijght.. your month. @ ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask student to read the words of the song carefully.Units 3 &4 I'll Be There For You by The Rembrandts Lead In Ask students what they know about Friends. you're broke. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to read through the statements carefully. Then put them in pairs to discuss their answers. ask three or four students to tell the class what their partner told them. . and fill in any blanks they can remember. make rt through all the rest with I'll Be There For You T1 36-137 Song 2 . You've burned your breakfast so far. A friend is . Ask What are the names of the characters? What do they do? Can you remember any words from the theme song? 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the text with the words in the box. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing as a class. Even at my worst. your month. No one could ever know me. Vocabulary connected with friends: share on apartment = live in the same apartment Vocabulary hong oul (with friends I in cofesl = spend lime together fall oul = hove an argument and slop being friends make up = apologize and be friends again sett!e down = stop being young and "free" . your love life's D. For example. Addi1ional acIivity 6S~-------------------------------------------------------------------.OA Irs like you're always stuck in second gear. your week. buy a house. or even your year.and get married. rll be there for you When the rain storts to pour I'll be there for you Uke rve been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. have babies. Someone to face the day with. When it hasn1 been your day. Yeah! trs like you're arways stuck in second gear. Ask students to listen and write T or F. I'U be there for you When the rain storts to pour 111 be there for you Uke I've been there before 111 be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. A friend is forever.

As you elicit answers. I already know. Cry me a river IGo on and lustl Cry me a rivef IBoby go on and jus!) Cry me a river IGo on and just! Cry me a rivef ICouse rve already cried! Cry me a river. point oul to students thai. II already know! Now there's just no chance. So you took a chonce. You tokl me you loved me. there'll INa chance. who! you didl I already know. whot you did. you were my earth. you and mel And don't it make you sod abou' it. oh (Cry me. whot you did. I found ou1 from him. you must hove me confused with some ather guy. SUI you didn't know oillhe ways I loved you.Units5& 6 Cry Me A River by Justin Timberlake Lead in Write Cryan Ihe board. oh """"' be. all alone? Now you teH me you need me when you coil me on the phone. Ask students 10 listen and check. then you may not have blown it. note some good contextuaiized examples of the language and write them on Ule board . go bock? Ask students how they would express the idioms in theif language. For example. INa chonce. Cry me a river.. yeah yeah IAin1 gonno cry no more.. cry me) Cry me a river. [Messing with my head) You should've picked honesty.. Why did you leave me. You told me you loved me INtrv did you leave me. for you and me. 3 Listening for detail Ask students to try to complete the song with the words in tbe box. But I bel you didn1 think your thing would come crashing and now it's your turn to cry. All of these thilgs people lOkI me keep messing with my head. (Cry me. Oh Cry me a river IBoby go on and justl ~ Cry me a river rfou can go on and just) Cry me a rivef. Cry me a river IGo on and just) Cry me a river IGo on and jus!I Cry me a river IBaby go on and just) Cry me a river yeah. cry me) Cry me a river. here. uh) Now there's just no chance. yeah IOhi The damage is done So I guess I be . hove to SCI'i. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions carefully. and mode other pions. I refuse. Your bridges were burned me when you call me. You don'..ise2 . lOon" hove to sa(. all olooo? Oh the domoge is done so I guess I be leaving. And don't it make you sod about it.. Before they do the lask. Now there's just no chance. Oh the damage is done So I guess I be leaving. leaving.. 1 000l ad like you don" know it). I found out from him. ~ '" You were my sun. ~ WOSI"I11ike you only talked 10 him and you know it. Ask When did you losl cry? Whot kinds of things make you cry? What do you think Cry me a river means? 1 Getting started Ask students to match the sentence halves and then check their answers in pairs. you must hove me confused with some other guy. yea·yeol Cry me a rivef Cry me a rivef. Cry me a river Cry me a river Cry me a rivef You know tho1 they SCI'i some things ore betrer left unsoid. I refuse. oh Cry me a rivef. for you and me. yeah yeah IOhi The domoge is done So I guess I be leaving. Let them discuss ideas with a partner. refuse is a verb. Oh down. !When you call me on the phone] Girt. ~ Note Play the song again. lrm not like them baby) Your bridges were burned and ncm irs your tum Itt's your turnl To cry. cry me) 5ong3 T138·139 Cry Me A River . 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. (Danl hove to soy. no. You don" hove 10 sa(. Additional acttvity Rale·play one of the situations suggested by the song: friend trying to make singer feel better. singer telling boy/girlfriend why the relationship is over. Girl. who! you did. you and me) And don'l it make you sod about it. Elicit responses from the class and discuss the answers to Exercise 1 a to le. Idioms You could explore the idiomatic nature of some of the language In feedback.. oh Cry me a river. oh (Cry me. there11 never be. Play the song for Exerc.be. for you and me. II already know. Ask students to listen and circle the correct answer. ask. 1"\0. Ask students in pairs to try to use the vocabulary in the context of relationships. oh ICry me. oh Cry me a river. on Ihe phone. there11 !AI olonel Now you tell me you need . l lound CUI from him. You don·t hove to SCI'i. who! you did) I already know. cry me) Cry me a river. What does burn bridges literolly mean? Why is il a good metaphor for saying you can'..

Use these 10 elicit ideas and information about the singers. Culture note E1ton John Ellon John was born in England in 1947. Lead in 1 Getling started Elicit as much information about George Michael and Elton Jobn as you can from students. irs always someone else tholl see I'd just allow a fragment of your life 10 wander free 'Couse losing everything Is lik. Ask students to listen and fill in tho blanks. Have a brief d iscussion in feedback about what the title ofthe song might mean. then it will be like the night falling. All my pictures seem 10 fade to black ond white rm growing tired ond time stands sUIl before me Icon1 find the right romantic line But see me once and see the W!rf I feel Don1 discord me just because you think I mean you harm Butlhese cuts I hove they need lave to help them heal. and tell each other what they think might be happening in cach. including Rockel Man and Crocodile Rock. 'Cause losing everything is lik.. he hod a 101 of lop len hils. Irs always someone else I see I'd just allow a frogment of your life to wonder free Bullosing everything is like the sun going dOWTl on me. ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask students to road the song carefu lly. baby.. Don·t let the sun go down on me Allhough I seorch myself. His most famous song is CondIe in the Wind. writing with Bernie Toupin. Elton John andlor George Michael. He was knighted in 1998. Dh. Ask students in groups of three to think of a singer or bond they know well. He is famous for his outrogeous clothes and glosses. Play the song again. encourage students to share their best ideas.e the sun going doWTl on me. His feol nome is Reginald Dwight He become famous in the 19705 when. ~ 4 Fi nishing off Discuss lho questions in Exercise 4 as a class. His real name is Giorgos Kyriatou Ponayiotou.Units 7 & 8 Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John Bring in pictures of. He become famous in 1982 when he and his friend Andrew Ridgley hod lOP len hils as the pop bond Whom! His best-known albums are Faith and Older. Monitor and prompt. I'd just allow a frogmenl of your life 10 wonder free. In the feodback. so he is Sir Elton John. . Ask students to discuss how the words might connect to the song in pairs. oh. I con'tlight no more of your darkness.if the singer's lover does not return.e the sun going down on me. Frozen here on the ladder of my life. Don·t let The Sun Go Down On Me T 140-141 Song 4 . don11et the sun go down on me AIIhough I search myself. Answer: "The sun going down" here means the end of the relationship . irs always someone else Iholl see. Ask students in pairs to match the words to definitions.-------------------------------------------------------------------. and see if they can remember or guess the missing words. Additional activity ~~. and prepare to present a brief description under these headings: childhood influences career songs gossip Ask one person in each group to make the group's presentation. Play tho song and ask students to listen and order the pictures. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to look at the pictures in pairs. or CDs by. Too lale to save mysell from falling I look a chan<:e and changed your way of lile But you misread my meaning when I met you Oosed the door and left me blinded by the light Don'tlel the sun go down on me Although I search myself.. Geof'ge Michael George Michael was born in london )0 Greek parents.

please tell me what we've learned. Ask each team to choose four -ible. a fana tical. Divide each group into two teams of three. you please. Won'. Now. cynical. They have to write a sentence fhat defines and contexlualizes each word they hove chosen. I know it sounds absurd. Addltionalocttvity ~8 - Ploy -guess the word. it seemed that life was so wonderful. -ible. Elicit answers from the class and find out who believes school is useful and who thinks it is harmful. respectable. the questions run 100 deep for such a simple man. but please tell me who I am. when all the world's asleep. watch what you say or they'll be calling you a radical.oble. 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the questionnaire. practical. Ask students to fill in the blanks. presentable. playfully watching me! But then they sent me awoy to teach me how to be sensible. and -af on the board. Find out which pair gal the most. Won't you please. When I was yaung. There are times. Play the recording again. Let students read thro ugh the song to check their answers. Song 5 T142-143 The logical Song . intellectual. logical. Then play the song so that students can check their ideas. Pronunciation note Note that the stress goes on the syllable just before -ible or . joyfully. a liberal.Units9& 10 The Logical Song Lead in by Supertram p Write -able. well they'd be singing so happily. and check their answers with a partner. a criminal! Oh won" you sign up your nome. I know it sounds absurd. who have to guess which word they are describing. Ask students to number the words in the correct order. clinical. a miracle. 3 Listening for detail Once students have completed the sentences in Exercise 3a with the adjectives. And then they showed me a world where I could be so dependoble. a vegetable! At night." Divide the class into groups of six. or words they come up wi fh in the lead in. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to decide on the order of stages. and ask them to read out their list. please tell me what we've learned. but please tell me who 10m. we'd like to feel you're accep. Ask students in pairs to write as many English adjectives as they con thol end with these suffixes in one minute.able. play the song again. They read their words aloud to the other learn in Iheir group. -able. responsible. magical! And all the birds in the trees. or -a/words from the lesson. when all the world's asleep. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. the questions run so deep for such a simple man. oh it was beautiful.

Student A is the interviewer and has to prepare questions to ask. ask questions )0 make sure students know the more djfficult words. for example: What do you call the place where bonds record musiC? (studio) Whol is a live show by a band in a bar or club called? Igigl Ask students to complete the text with words from Exercise la and then check with a partner. Student B is Norah and has to read the biographical details in exercise Ib again so that he or she is ready to answer questions. Lead In 1 Getting started Ask students to discuss the words in pairs and look up unknown words in their dictionary. In feedback.Units 11 & 12 Come Away With Me by Norah Jones Bring in a large picture or pictures of a rock band or pop singer. ~ 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 in groups and as a class. Put students in pairs to create a story using the pictures. Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they con't tempt us With their lies Iwant to walk with you on a cloudy doy In fields where yellow grass grows Knee high 50 won" you try to come? Come away with me and we'll kiss On a mountain top Come away with me And I'll never stop loving you For I wont to wake up with the rain Falling on a tin roof While I'm safe there in your arms 50 0111 ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me Come Awoy With Me T144-145 Song 6 . 2 Listening fo r gist Play the song. Ask students to listen and label the pictures. splitting the original pairs. Then put students in groups of four or five . Brainstorm and write on the board as many words as you con connected with the subjed of rock music. Elicit one or two short stories for the class to hear. 3 Listening for detail Let students read through the song to check their answers. and have them tell their group their idea for the story. Ask students to fill in the blanks. Play the recording again. AddIIIonaI actMIy ~'-----------------------------------------------------------. Role-play an interview with Norah Jones.

toes.<ooliouedfmmpogen291 Words Is a tabloid newspaper small or big in size? (ANSWER: small) 2 What do you stop doing if you suffer from anorexi. head. jar.) Name three things you would expect to see on a language 6 school's social program. your team can move fOfWard one square_ Give eight different words for containers. tub.) 4 5 Can you give me the name of three famous Reality TV programs? (ANSWER: Big Brother. knee.3? (ANSWER: eating) 1 What do we call the father of your wife or husband? (ANSWER: father-in-law) 4 What do you call those two lines of hair above your (?yeS? (ANSWER: eyebrows) S What is the colledive name for a massive number of trees in a tropical region. Sing a song in English or move back two spaces_ Mime this type of person . armpit. (ANSWER: talk shows. for example.S.no is aggressive_ If the opposite team guesses the adjective correctly.V. America's Next Top ModeL ) In the sentence The newy. etc.Lord of the Rings: The Two Tovvers. nose) 9 lNhat is an 'Fl Student Visa' used for? (ANS\\'ER: Students who want to study in the U.) Don't move forward. pack. you can move forward one space _ (ANSWER: tube. !l nd bag. clubs. eyebrows. Vocal (the way you solllld) and Verbal (w ha t you say). theatres. movies.someone. your team can move forwa rd one square. eyes. What are they? (ANS WER: Visual (the way you look). T 260 QuizCords OEtIiIoricIMocniIondeMl!xko. shoulders. bottle. foot.? (ANSWER: football) 3 What do you (aU a magazine that you read on the Internet? (ANSWER: an e--zine.. ankle. Stay put! S 6 7 8 \. special ceJooI'8tions such as Thanksgiving. It might also include sports and SI)Or1 ing events as welt as discos. dear! Teday's not your day. wrist. etc.s. /)0'(. and natural landmarks. If you are successful. movie houses. hip.) 10 What is the informal word for not having any money? (ANSWER: broke) What or who was 'Pong'? (ANSWER: The first video game) What kind of program has the highest audience ratings in the U. draw a picture of someone in the class so that the other team can guess their identity. lips. calf. heel. carton. shin.. If the opposite team guesses correctly. eyelids.papef has a massive drculiJtion. llUiz shows. The word combines two words: 'electron ic' an d ' magazine'.. ears. The Rolling Stones. On a piece of P<lper and wi thout speaking a word. Move back two spaces.Quiz cards Entenainment 2 . Mime this film .. forehead. Oh.. fist . move fOfWard two spaces. SAdeC. hand.. can.. what does the word circuldrion mean? (ANSWER: The number of copies sold every day. (ANSWER: exam ples might include visits to museums. thigh. and don't move back.nere it rains a Iot7 (ANSWER: a rainforest) 6 'IoIhat do yo u suffer from the next day if you have drunk too much alcohoP (ANS WER: II hangover) 7 What do you call old or broken th ings wh ich are worthless? (ANSWER: junk) 8 Can you give me five different features of the human face? (ANSWER: chin. fingers. Tem ptation Island. mouth. documentaries.] What does DVD stand for? (ANSWER: Digital Versatile Disk) Name five different kinds of TV program. 10 By what name was the terrorist Inich Ramirez Sanchez better known? (ANSWER: Carlos the Jackal) 1 2 3 4 Stand up and whistle a song by any English-speaking group_ If you do this successfully.) Name the sport where two people wea ring special gloves fig ht each other in a ring. famous places. waist. current affairs. bottom. need th is type of visa to enter and study there. 7 8 9 historical sights.. (ANSWER: abdomen. elbow. (ANSWER: boxing) Wild Card People Name the lead singer of the British rock band. your team I1'IOYe5 fOfWard two spaces. 2006 . drama. I repeat you cannot speak! If they guess correctly.. box. (ANSWER: Mick Jagger) 2 Which famous Australian actor directed a film about Jesus Christ? (ANSWER: Mel Gibson) 3 Name five parts of the human body.) 4 Can you name the man who developed the theory of 'multiple intelligences'? (ANSWER: Gardner) S 1Nhich disease does Muhammed Ali suffer from? (ANSWER: Parki nson 's) 6 What was the infamous couple Bonnie and Clyde so well known for? (ANS\¥ER: Robbing banks) 7 What is the opposite of an introvert ? (ANSWER: An extrovert) 8 1Nho was the infamous German leader during Wood War II? (ANSWER: Adolf Hitler) 9 According to one study. people evaluate each other using the 'three Vs'.

I dunna . they involve the players in imaginative WfSo/S..it was called Pong. in which you can lake on Ihe identity of your favorite soccer player. and you can make up your own dream team.. Johnny You bet! I remember the first videa game . 1M above all. Ronalda. so I'd soy they ollrad all ages from six to sixty. I bet iI's all boys and yaung guys. like Pro-Evolution Soccer.. over 20 years. For Exercise 2 on Page 1I4 . so whot oboutlhe harmful effects? You know. some people say videa games have bod effects on the people who ploy them. Something thaI really annoys me oboul these games is the way they're all so mole-oriented .the use of color is fantastic. Johnny Some Kind of thing.. whoever.thaI's nat just for men or boys. and especially teenoge boys. In the movies the viewers are passive. they hove on active role.. For Exercise 2 an Page 114 . The thing \ really like about them is the dynamism .you can find plenty of adults playing. There are so many different kinds of games now. Ihe early 80s. But whot kind of people do they allrac!?' bel irs all . but in video games they toke port. too. We know bays tend to be mare violent than girls . Butl think that really the commerciol success of video games is that they appeaito all ages . A good example 01 this type is Commando . What is it that makes these videa games so papular? 52~---------------------------------------------------. Friend Kinds of games? What do you mean? Johnny Well. Johnny? Is il computer programming? Johnny Sort of -I design videa games. ThaI's a long time! Friend Yeah. but you can ploy them at horne. You know. Then they're simple to ploy. There must have been a 101 of changes since then.. Do you think . like the horror movie. Johnny No.to me they have the dynamism of movies. There are video games involving magic and mythological sellings .all for the boys. A classic of this type is Alone in Ihe Dark. Friend Why do you think irs mostly young guys. but sadly I think the things that may make them attradive to guys are the adion and the violence in so many of them. they start from as young as six and ploy till they be<ame young adults. Friend Mmm.. either.. yeah. and they do tend to be young guys . the early days. one of the most popular Kinds of videa game is the 'heroic action" game. And of course. Johnny Well. And they hove the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books .. there's the horror video game. something like Zelda is a successful example of this type.For Exer cise 2 on Page 114 "Port 1 Friend So what exoctly is it you do. I've only heard of Tomb Raider.the grophks these days are incredibly ollroctive and real. Bed:hom. the instrudions are really obvious. Friend fr. That just means irs full of adventure and monsters and lots of pretty violent odion. Friend Sounds awful. then videa games ore a good choice. like. Audiascripts T 261 . Friend Yeah. who are attracted to ~ i deo games? Johnny II"s difficult to soy. I guess I can see that. I don't understand.. something that really allrods people to videa games is the grophks .. Zidone. But since then Videa games have been getting more and more sophisticated. no . I think port of it is that boys seem to be attracted to new technology more than girls.. Then. If yoU're looking for realistic entertainment. thaI's not true. Friend Not really my scene. of course. Part 3 Friend .. as you can imagine. il appeared in 1972 and il was pretty bosic. I've been designing them since the . the people who play videa games are mostly young.. there are loIs of sports videa g<lmes. Port 2 Friend What is it that makes these video games so popular? Johnny Well. ~53 '-------------------.you moy have heard of iI. Friend Pong!? Johnny Yeah! Anyway.

4 corwersa100 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 4 Do you uroderstand. 3 did. a week. 9 refuse.ng. 2 fri9"ds. 2 Grace McBride. 7 f9C0QrMze. 8 irritatng. 2 I orly I had more lriends. react la. 2 chat.5 c. 7 SR)8. 2 True. 3 earn: 4 buy.. 5 ~. 5 I wish I had a beller job. 4 bkJe. a few holr's. 2 M. 3 'Iirus. 4 ~ 5 a . 10 Do you wn~eIse? """'" . 8 e True.~ Exercise 2 1 d. 2 is annoying. 8 h<n:Ie. means: 4 1i<e. 6 doesn't have. 8 made. 3 e. 5 True. 8 ():Ies this Exercise 3 1 Are. a allach'nenl Exercise 3 I looked. 7 c. 4 /C(. 3 's practiCing. 7 internet. 3 aggressive. I.n. 5 a Exercise 3 I c. 4 bg off. 2 I sUI haven't spokoo to Jack. 5 made. 4 interesled. 2 M arisot 3 MartsoI. 8 If orly I hadn't beerl so stupidl Exercise 2 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 t 4 L 5 ~ 6 g. 6 named. 6 Martil MartIl'1f!. 8 are. 5 r\leresl. 3 True. II crash.I'pise. al nne o'clock Exercise 5 I C. 2 worM. 7 negalive Exercise 4 l c. 7 creatrve. 3 1Ned. 3 cold.8 Exercise 5 1 I have aready read this book. 2 had pa. 2 OI"gar1i2ed.6.t I hadn't ooived tate. 8 scaed Exercise 2 1 used to take. 2d. 3 fame. 2 fallilg. 4 moved. 2 ptXe. 3 1m cookhg. 3 True.tl fly. a tcng time. 6 d 7 a. 2 chcv1ged. 2 graduated from. 6 False. 7 Grace McBride Mart" Martilez. 6 radical Exercise 3 1 happy. 2 isn't used to gattng~: 3 used 10 hate. 2 know. 7 asked. 3 cn. Exercise 6 Across: 5 fortune. name Exercise 7 I e. 9 True. 8 True. 4 a. 6 SErious. 6 Exercise 4 SfnpIe past: yesterday. 2 b. 5 tasci1atng. 7 blond. Sa.!. 8 False Exercise 6 1 generous. 7 active. 5 respectable. 2 h. lb. 11 generous. 2 rose. 2 i. 6 opened. 3a. 7 ~ed. 6 radcaI. 2 fa. 7 ddn1. Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 was. 8 ~it 1 !llQ(ley. S like. 3 False. S True. 3 used to. 6 False. 2 False. 4 SU'pi:se. name. 12 know1edge. S romantic. 7 False.. Sa. rane: 5 o::vmon. 6 discipWned. 3 Have you seen Mile yet? 4 The gossp has just started.6b .Jl. 82. 2 never. 8 cash: 9 ~ 1 SInCe. 5 ooJd. 3 modest. 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 g. 7 l!lliery. 8 just Exercise 4 1. 2 d. 5 bored. 5 hated. 3 rot'l'lMtic.. dressed. in Exercise 3 1 lend: 2 pay. PatA. 8 conversatoo.Z. 2 fl. 8 " terest Unit 3 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6~ 7L 8a Unit 1 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 active. 2 was. 3 altraclive. 4 opened. MarisoI. 5 doY. 3 means. waste: 5 1'111: 6 borrow: 7 sperd. 13 tend 3 MartIl'1 Martinez. 4 Adriana.8. 10 b Exercise 3 I ever. 3 True. 9 a1traction Exercise 4 1 False. 4 If Oft. 40.4.. a a Exercise 5 1 Bi!lie. 8 1 emporary.6. 6 revise. II wish.5. a j. 4 False. S False. 5 are. 2 speaker 3. 8 hadn't argued Exercise 4 I !Uprise. yesterday Exercise 3 1 ~ 2 L 3 a. 2 cx:n. S3f. last year. 2 interest 3 SU'P'ise. 12 "" Exercise 5 I 10lII'ld. 3 /aIIi). 7 L 8 b - Exercise 6 1 COIl'o'eI'SaIoo 2. S Exercise 6 Conv£wsa\ll. 6 interest 7 St. 4 emoIicon. 4 fould. 3 speaker 2.!thy. 5. 9 e>!pIaned.7. 5 speaker 4. 9 progran. 5 1ound. 7 True. 8 f 1 didn'. 8 sh::e Exercise 2 For: 25 years. 10 False Exercise 4 I True. 5 AdriMa Exercise 6 1 That's. 3 False. 2 bored. 4 irritatng. 2 FalSe. 8 b Exercise 6 2. 5 aash. 8 gave. 3 sh:::e.Workbook Answer Key Unit 1 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 tie. last week. 6 receipt. 5 I'm writJng you now to i'Mle you to dnnef. Unit 3 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Maley. 5 c. 4 risilg. 4 True.4. 2 nterestO'. 10 like Unit 1 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 hazel. 4 speaker I. 7 I believe you den'. 2 True. on my birthday.)l'l A is about Iendi1g """"'"' """'Y. 6 WI'OIe. 7 bored. 10 ransom. 9 TM rane. Conv£wsation B is about paying too IllJCh /c( scmething. 4 True.. 6 bored. 7 rising. 12 website Exercise 2 l c. S weren1 used 10.. 4 FalSe. 8 friendly Unit 4 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 I Inp!essions . 4 hadn't Ixu. 10 became. waithg. 8 calls Unit 2 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I I wish I were lamous. S recenUy. 2 attractl\lE!. 3 . 7 True. 3 Exercise 5 1 False. Exercise 6 1 nsilg. 6 False. 6 1wish I hadn't eaten so rructl! 7 If crit I had lislened in SChool. 9 borI1g. 6 am WOfkng. S True. 8 I have neyer heard aJYIhilg so Exercise 2 1 's doing. 6 hazel. COlIltry. 3 dowIioad. 5 ~ 6 a. 2 proof. 2 a. 4c Exercise 4 """'. 7 Wus. six. 7 d. 6 file. 6 hactl'\. 3 a 4 b. 3 c Exercise 5 1 True. 14 Unit 2 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Down: 1 alford. 5 QLDeI . 5 Grace McBtide. 2g. SQ: 3 know. 4 Exercise 5 1 speaker I. ttls anernoon. 9 h.oersaIion 4. ~. 3 conversatoo I. 3 fai". 7 speaker 3. 11 caIed Exercise 3 Ie. 6 i'. 8 speaker 4 T262 . know ead'I other. ConversatlCtl Eis about someone's Exercise 7 1 True. 8d Exercise 6 1 crine. 7 the job . 4 dIAl. 9 asked.. mecn. 4 duI. 8 WhaI. 4 1s~. 5 Have you fM!l used a cha1 room? 6 Have you tned to pefSUade Mary yet? 7 I have recently thoulj1t about my iU1tJ'l!. 'm used 10 dOIlg: 4 used to waII:: 5 used to have: 6 'm not used to ctivi'IQ Exercise 3 2. 8 rose Exercise 2 1 negatIVe. 6 am cooI<. 2 False. 6 True. 6 e. 6 appealing. 8 False Exercise 5 Exercise 2 1 interested. 6 speaker 2.terested. 10 aware. March. Conversation 0 is about paying too fl'k. Conversation C is about someone whO is rri:serIy. 6 f~.trt. 8 True Exercise 4 l a 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c . whef11 was 14. 7 'm not dci1g. 7 g. 4 conservative. 6 used la. 4 judgment. 7 casI1. 71. tOO roorni'g. 10 M . 3 1wish I hadn't spool aI my money. 4 was used to. 3 Qlit. 3 False. 6 False. 7 st •. 3 1. 5 lor. eiglt r'I'IhJtes Since: 2003. S TM Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l allactment. a False. aJYOIl8: 7 '/ohlal. a "terested wrow. 4 COI. 6 a 7 c. 2 inyWment 3 ~. 5 risi'lg. 4 recently. 4 False. 6 caIed.4tl. 5 conservative. 5 tar. 2 used la. 6 already. on my lasl birthday Simple past and used to: when I was a ctWd.d. cats. watchi1g Exercise 4 1 Do you lke tIJS rTIOIIie? 4 He owns I'M:) ca-s. 8 ta1ing Exercise 2 1 amm. 2 TM. 3. stlXlying. 7 expressions. 4 gave.&il.Tioad.Idl /c( a bad ~ ieI 'Ce. 7 False.!. 6 orb. 3 just. 7 played.. 5 team. 10. 7 were. 9. 4 Martin Martinez. were. 4 False. 6 fa. 7 True.

~ _ _ _ ~_ T263 .9 . 6 i. 10 True Exercise 6 l a 2~ 3a4a S~ 6~ 7a8b . fifth Bf1d eighlh sentences are correct. 12 tlstori<n. 3 wanted. 4 D. 6 are wailing. Exercise 6 1 False. 6 In spite 01. 8 fiber Exercise 5 l d. 5 b. Cervantes. 6 meIar'd'oIy.10 Exercise 3 t False. 9 am going to visit. 12 cohabit. third. srnilat age 4. 4 b. 6 oo. 6 a. 3 !T<JVl1Y. 2 Columbus. 2 <M'T~.- Exercise 5 I oval. 10 are. c: 3 C.a. 4 a. 2 D. respect I. 2 are haWlg k.. 3 True. 3 1rne. 7 met. 4 hadn't been. 5 e. 7 Mhough. 5 j. 6 e Exercise 2 1 protejn. 10 a Exercise S l d. 2 radilm. 2 passive.5. 2 died. t 8 tradrtiOnal Down: 1 react. trust I. 5 True. 5 evm thoug/1. 3 best friend. 5 A Exercise 4 1 acawniC. 2 have written. 4 b. 9 ~abIe . 3 eyelids. 6 False. 7 h. 8 MageIan. d 1 are going: 2 Unit 4 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 a'e going to. 4 True. 2 True. 16 1 had been travetng: 2 had been Io<lkng: 3 had. 4 SlI'PI1Si'Ig. 2 Su'e. 8 Unit 6 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 C. S is going to. unheaHhy. taken: 5 had. Exercise 6 I b. made: 4 had. 3 1. 15 Mlsist. have become Exercise 6 1 pericIil. W(:Mjdn't have desigled: 7 haoo't foond. 3 1OQ1lfident. 14 aspire. Exercise 4 I False. "'" Exercise 3 1 make new friends. 4 MageIarl. l b. 6 True. Exercise 4 l c. 5 L 6 C. 3 Wll . 7 Mll!l!!igent. 6 ~ 7 b. 2 d. 7 F. 2 H. 9 saw.llCed Unit 7 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l b. 7 is going to. SIfT'i(I' tastes 4 Exercise 6 2. 4 True. Unit 5 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 d. 5 Vespucci. 5 el\troverted. 2 b. S didn't go to. 6 c " 'Unit 7 Lesson 1 Unit 5 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 ' ~ 2~ 3a 4l 5~ 6~ 7 ~ 8e Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l L 2 a. 6 marry. 6 plastIC.. 1a romantic. would have been: 3 hadn't flown. a False. a False. 10 e 4 ll\entlOl1. 10 c 9 a. 17 postt. 2 e. mreais. 3 NeY8I1he1ess. 3 D Exercise 3 1 d.5. 8 sc:i. 8 c. 4 In spite 01.p a friend~.6.vse. 5 d. 6 h. wouldn 't have left: 6 hadn't made. chocolate. 3 L. a L Exercise 4 1 is gcW'Ig shopping. going to watch: 4 is goilg 1 cal: Sare. 8 have protected. 5 a Exercise 4 I balar'ced diet 2 protel1. 2 A. 11 biography. 10 d Exercise 3 1 IS tne latest n this arr-. S are reading. 10 not have been Exercise 3 The secood.JIne. 7 overweig1l.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 3 1 defme plarVroutne. 3 IS visitng. 2 True.re. 10 mabie Exercise S 1 FaJse.'.. 2 a 3 ~ 4 a . 3 a. 3 ~ 4 l 5 a 6 ~ 7 c.5. 7 gadget. 6 <M'Tocgement. 5 ~ 6 a 7 h. 9 True Exercise 5 I shotjd be banned. 6 Vespucc:i. 4 is goog to. 3 1. 4 9. 2 c. 4 a. 5 Eri<sson. 3 lfflWgetened. 3 ~ 4 a . S you see. l poetry. 14 myth. a Vespucci Exercise 4 1 b. 4 JX>1. 3 h&aHhy. 3 E. 2 A. 8 b. 3 Columbus. 2 wiI. 8 a Exercise 3 I CoUnbus. 4 a. 6 FCWl. good at tiStenng 3. 2 wrote. 8 c Exercise 1 I C. 9 slave. 3 Not mentioned. 8 arrMgE!ITIent. 7 rave. 2 a.8.YI. 4 passive. 7 C. 2 True. 7 1eadng the~. Exercise S Exercise 4 l b. 4 B Exercise 2 1 horror stOfY. 2 bushy. 5 False. potatoes: 4 circulation. start: 7 starts: 8 are going. l b. 6 have been e)l8CUled. 4 False. 4 are beng printed: 5 ts beng written: 6 be banned. 5 bal. 10 Although Exercise 3 l a. 7e. 4 False. 4 wmkIed. 2 a. 7 a 8 b Exercise 4 2. 3 True. 5 dshwasher. 4 For ttose of you who h special ellecls. 4 have been. 8 but for thJse ~ caugh1 !. 6 protective. 5 aW!(j. 6 b Exercise 2 . 6 e Exercise S 1 Well. 6 jaw. 10 "". B silcefa. 2 L.. 11 pursue. l False. 9 bait. 8 is going to Exercise 2 2. 4 C. 5 True. attacked: 6 had lailed: 7 had made. 5 hoOOld. 6 a leaves: 3 Ate.4. WOl. S tar·wealhe' friend. 7 Eriksson.10 """" _ -J _ . Exercise S 1 CoUOOus.aDng series.rrtJus. a f Unit 4 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 WOUd see.. a prediCted Exercise 6 Across: 1 urban. 4 NC. 3 d. 7 bor'rt. 2 True.. 4 SCience flC tlOr1. 5 detective Exerci se 2 I B. 2 A!tt'ough. 8 ten. 10 counterpart. 9 9. 7 was shown. 3 C. 6 wi. 2 c. 9 ig1ote. 7 True. 6 True.7. 2 A. 2 c. 3 have beefI sold. 2 h.<>s<Ys Exercise 2 1 have written. 5 a. 2 f\C. 2 trend. 8 True Exercise 4 1 ~ 2 a.leaVng: 0 6 does. 3 inOk. 7 tend. 6 i. 5 b. 13 creek.Jd have. 6 is going sYNmlilg. 3 ~ 4 l S ~ 6 h.p 11 the magi. 8 However. 9 Colntlus 9 iltention Exercise 2 1 0. 15 moIat. a tore. Slbstance: 2 calories. 8 passive Exercise 2 1 was written: 2 are rsoc!: 3 were sold. 4 Eriksson. 6 actIVe. woUd have died: 8 hadn't inve1ted. 2 had lived. wouldn't have struck. 'Jitarni1s. 4 d. 6 hQnest. 3 Magellan. 5 True. 4 vitamins. 6 S\Ke Exercise 6 Across: 4 garbage.IIcn'. 7 False. 5 a 6 a 7 a. 3 and the photography~. 5 c. 3 B. 4 a. 6 There IS also some ~ acthg. 7 ~. 7 ltao/. 2 ~ l a 4 ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 a 8 a 9 b. 3 have been. 8 a. 10 dr<rnatic. 9 h. Exercise 4 . S is going to. 5 A 6 F. do4ng Exercise 6 1 B.b.5 c. 7 definite planllO.7. 10 would help Exercise 2 1 9. chOCoholiC Exercise 3 l D.3. 2 g. Exercise S 1 C. Exercise 5 1 hadn't started. a sense of tvnor 2. 9 Not mentioned. 4 should be released. cartdlydrate. 7 False Unit 5 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 Unit 6 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I passIVe. 2 Eriksson. 9 Nevertheless. 6 mask. 8 had faJen out Exercise 2 I b . 7 active.:ate. 4E. wouldn't have become. 4 ~. SC. 7 9. 7 were filled: a has. 5 not have been. 5 passive.3. 7 is meetng G Exercise 3 1 f. S YCUlQ viewers mIQh1 find paris of the movie rather fnghlerWlg. 6 a Exercise 4 Patien::e 3.n::h. 3 ~ 4 ~ S c. 2 b. 2 SlJUCk !. woojdn't have invented: 5 had been. Despite. 4 penci. 2 ~ul. 5 fat. 7 have had. you wonl nm. 3 active. 6 calories. l C. been annot. rT'O'I9y 2. 13 select. 9 have corne. l a 4 l 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 e 4 detJJaQding. 2 but then ~ you are a Potter far'!. 7 a 8 e """ Exercise 3 l E. 3 arrangen"I9'lI. 6 C ""'" Down: 2 reserrtie. 16 offshoot. 3 a. 3 Shakespeare. 2 k:rve story. 3 non· fiction. 4 g. 2 g. 4 are playing terris. 6 Cok. S iltentlOn. 3 a. a optimi:itic. l . 7 c. 4 absolutely. 4 C.

3 bald. 8 so that Exercise 3 2. 2 assessing.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 5 1 ~ 2~3~4L 5~6~ 7a 8~ 9 b. 5 True. 2 'MIat.5.. 7 ~led.7. Men. 8 artistic. 6 J. 5 ctronic. 8 drains Exercise 2 1 ~ 2b. 7 telling. 2 so that. 3 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 8 getting.§ a~.6. 3 telling. 10 . 7 dsciminate. 10 doesn~ she Exercise 3 2. 9 Unit 10 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 b. Exercise 3 1 rnusI be. 7 obesity. 7 Where. 4 We. women in the U. 4 sholJd be erwxuaged. 6 In order to. 7 The man. 6 telling.II:l!l mage tIJaI many ~ martial arts have.I!1J. 6 being. 8 a Exercise 3 1 Waading. 2 captiJed. mther tube of toothpaste. 5 diSOfder.tlen you start eatng agail. 6 the man. 5 have you. 4 'Nithoul. Exercise 4 1 {. 3 True. b. 7 Few. 8 Unit 9 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l c. 7b .oofirMg. 8 the man Exercise 4 1 False. 2 Not Efn. 4 to call. 10 very ittkI Exercise 5 1 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 7 what is reaItt i'npc:rlant. 4 have a.. 3 i. 3 The woman. 6 a lot 01. 7 True. 5 capture. 3 fM:J:y. 2 anorexia.8 Exercise 4 ~ Exercise 4 1 I.". Ten times the 8(J)()U')\I . 8 turned. 8 don't they.j. 7 steali'lg.I6l!lliIi!le!: of ic:e=qeooJ? 8 A 1<aIl. 2 l1:1derstand.QgrWtive.. 5 runericaI. rn. the probjem is that most of these diets dor1'l \YOI1(. 8 indigestion. 2 Not mentioned. Exercise 6 1. 2 sholJdn1 be aIowed.j.. 5 imagination. 3 askilg. 3 ~ 4 l 5 h. 2 to pass. 7 False. 2 True. 9 watching. 5 stay. 5 The man. 5 True. 2 bocke's. Speaker 5 lack of exercise. 8 bacttm arose. 6 tape. 8 ~ .5. 10 h Exercise 5 mage has t!lwiJys t'oeewl ifl1n1ant. 6 reuse. 5 rvt. 5 copying.6. 2 a. 9 slave Down: 1 SCEI"aio. 3 (iStuTtliog. 2 arguing. 5 f. 5 smoki'Ig.. 3 a. 10 waitng Exercise 4 1. 4 abiities.a means Q! self-defense. 6 faucet. 10 responsible Exercise 4 1 twdy 001.. 5 can be clone. 8 ~ Exercise 5 1 Fasa.. 4 ron. 5 how he won thai race.. 7 the worna. 6 a. 2 The WOfl'\af1.as.... 2 cIefJ:lir). 8 watching. 9 ~.. 8 g Exerci se 2 1 QaoI~atooof~? 2 How CD!&lJ is that ~ of ~? 3 ~ me the jar: of!:l!loe'i.7.n. 5 c. 6 dizzy. Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 see.n.jlt to be W. 9 haven't you. 2 waitng. 5 ron-<lefrilg.d1.'e/fy. 6 Not enou. 4 Vfrf ittkI. 7 n ordef \0.. 4 expression. 8 The man. 4 hygiene.AJ\t'oou. 2 Pri'lg. S yoo begrl deti1g you CM never Slq>! A worryilg ttKlutjlt lor m<W'Iy ~.7. 3 defeaI.. 6 ~. 7 b. 3 ought to be n::teased. 7 chec:kt1g. 3 to. 5 & 6 a. INs <YTIOUlt is stil cdy a Itrd of the amot.t:l!lOO. 3 comersatiOn 5. 7 head. 9 vital. 3 a..a1t1 a~of ~ 6 We!ii::t two ca100s 01 iI.3 ~ 4 & 5 & 6 b. 4 Sane.jlt to pay. 7 rage. fHlicIJar.rt f'XIYI8days it seems to be CW'I obsesso'l. 10 faHgue.7. 4 the man. 4 conversatkln 3. Ill: first Q{ these ~ dyrmic nature Qj most martial arts. I:!ut two reasons n most corrm::n. 10 Exercise 3 1 anemia. 5 a Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 tying. 6 COOling.tI.8 Exercise 3 1 The man. S hall. 2 mcmentlITl.7. 10 C Exercise 6 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6L7~ 8b Exercise 2 1 (] order to. knew Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 so that. B e.3. 4 toes. . am attracted . 4 can'l you. 4 depression.sf maga2i'Ies. 3 shortage. vas txx:ty begI'ls to store some 01 the foOd as fat () order to OO'I"pEII'lSate fOr !he next tine yoo starve~! So. 5 g. 4 mnP<llhize. 3 dissmlinate. Exercise 5 1 c. 6 ~ 7 e. 7e. 6 soong. 6 sholJd try.1!ecCt seen. 4 detmmination.6.:ritest ~seIf in the pdlxes in IfEI"ti 01 the r.g.. 5 Checkilg. 6 d. 3 do you.10 Exercise 4 1 dlecki'lg. 1m secood reason. 2 conversatOl l . 6 " order 10. 5 the worna. In fact. 3 why. 5 to meet. 5 He. 5 Ill§(l1EII'izil. 8 . 9 nauseated. 2 how ~ tmgs people together. 5 abdomen. 3 dscredited.. 4 drop. )'CU' txx:ty records tt'is. 7 to. 7 pay. 3 70%. 8 'Nhere Exercise 2 1 why I like SOCC8f so 1l1\. 5 lush. 10 shoUd'l't be W Exercise 4 1 & 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c. 6 True. Exercise 3 1 4 2~ 3& 4~ 5l6~ 7.8. 2 c. 9 shoUdn't pay. 9 True.. 6 asking. 2 d.11 women sperd a lot on ciothes Md jev. 6 isn~ ~. 911".10 Exercise 5 1 conversation 4.5. 3 Exercise. 7 ~ 8 ~ory """" Exercise 6 Across: 1 shil. 5 <r1"IOIXIt. 5 So as not to. 4 go.. 6 to meet. 2 wit find.. 3 waist. 10 ablties Exercise 5 1 inlelgence.nat I dislike about boxing. 4 Fatse. This CIbsessm does nO: m. 4 cIleckrlg. 7 dleatng.. 6 why ~ is so impOrtant to wil. 9 favorite. Speaker 3 alcohol.. 6 spatial.tb:.6 Exercise 3 1 the man. 5 a g'EIaI deal 01. 4 in order rot 10. Speaker 4 srnoki'v. 4 a. 2 the man. 3 10 do. 6 True. 6 in~. 7 Seme. 6 protect. 6 started. 8 a Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 has. 5 Seme. 4 geninQ. 5 c:ooversatiOn 2 Exercise 6 1 b. but in the h. 2 c.. 4 False. !he dtr'Iger is that cnce Exercise 5 1 inJected. 8 knees Unit 10 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 drinkable. 8 calf """'" Unit 9 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 4 determirW'lg. Speaker 2 stress... 7 choose.n::Ireds of dets that n a'QlJ"Ij WId the (rl'IOU'1\ of ~ spEWlt CIl them. 6 the woman. 3 so that 4 in order 10.S. 8 So lhal T264 """ . i:l. 3 is being rnported.7. 4 b. 6 definng Exercise 2 1." Unit 9 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 definr. 4 evasion. And. 6 ankle. 8 True Exercise 5 1 watching. 7 Exercise 6 Speaker 1 obesity. 5 rrus!n" du'rlp.0I ~~. 4 whal we need to think abOut. 8 asking. 6 what. 3 ccqdina:tOl.4. 8 our. 3 h. 7 ~ 8 a Exercise 4 1 abilitY. 6 ~. 2 ~tial . 3 True. 2 goilg. 9 a1i:itic. 5 so that. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 4 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ' Unit 8 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 how. 9 to let... 5 b many rea5CIlS It! p€q)Ie W<I1Mg IQ lea'n a..3. 2 isn't he.. 10 c Exercise 2 1 ¥eIl't you.toer1 you stM cielilg. 9 C. 8 &xne. 4 b. 10 False Exercise 6 1 shot. 11 obsession. 8 doing. ITlO!e aD!:! more people feet IbaI they need ~ able lQ protect themselves ~ walki'lg ak:lng streets. 4 The woman.ja?. 5 assessing.5. The reason fOr 1M is that .. II. 2 in order 10.6. 7 our. 8 dink. 10 watch Exercise 2 2. 4 exaggerati1g. 5 t'oN. 4 a.. 3 c.3. Then. 2 a. 9 difference Exercise 3 1 10 meet.rmtiaI art. 3 raIaxng. 7 supply. In fact. 7 arEW'I 't they.. 7 IXIbaarable. and ODe that is corrmon amoog women. especiaIy at nigtlt.J'lt spent on keeping thin. 8 teli'lg Exercise 2 1 tyilg. 3 defrirog.!iI. 7 'MIa! lIIr&lr: is that . 3 the woman. 8 False. 2 asking. 8c Exercise 2 3. 2 stress. 4 why. 1 b. 3.. 3 e>:pectancy.. 2 wrist. 7 1%. 3 how you spend your money. 7 a Exercise 6 1 heel. il today's society. 2 SIMlraI. 12 pi'npIy 9 c. sperd ahlost len times !'I'ICftl on deti1g II'm they do on make-~ IW"Id other beauty products. 2 <XlrT'QIiIliIor. 10 Exerc ise 5 1 ~ 2 d. 4 C. 3 essence. 9 askilg.

3 contermcng. 2 would.Q'Jt from ScotlWxl created a sheep named dolly. 2 e. e l. read: 7 have been planning. 3 hadn't been. 10 sUI. 4 ~ 5 a .4. 3 sirTlJIe. 2 been recording. 6 Not StnI. 7 irrlI:!Bltng. 2 g. 6 geaetiCS. 5 False.m from embryos. 3 end. 10 Emphatic -key T265 . 9 Good.S.. 3 promise.10 Exercise 5 l D.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 2 1 ab. 7 slop. J. 6 a 7 ~ 8 ~ 5 watched. 3 be suffering. 3 dump.. 13 melt. 6 True. 2 a 3 c. 3 seen. 10 prevent Exercise 3 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5 ~ 6~ 7 a8~ Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 l a 2~3a4a 5a6a 7 a80 9. 6 WQIjd have watched. seen. 3 jarme. 2 forget. 4 watched. 7 amou'll.ether he'd Mke to spend a lew monthS in the U. 9 C. 7 ero. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 c . 4 Good.ood be.2 ~ 3 c. 3 Not StnI. 8 mirror. 10 d Eltercise 6 Across: 1 dynamic. 6 gMlIiI a-cade. 6 False.S. 2 True. 7 switch to. 6 spendng. take P1I1 Exercise 3 1. 6 retake. 3 has beer'! tryilg. 5 provocative. or Britan. 3 1'101es. 17 Sl. 5 Neutral. 4 False. 10 have heard Exercise 5 1 False. 8 watched. 6 be using. 2 True. they accomplished what many had thought was an iT1possib1e. 2 ~. 7 graduated. 2 e<mem. 10 Bad Exercise 5 1 exam.tI be very good for tis english. or Sritaf1? If I were you. d 8. 8 begi'ri'lQ Exercise 4 l treatng. 3 True. wished. 'Nhat it made DoIy such a t:reakt1Tou!tl was thai she was ctoned form the DNA 01 an adult. 6 True. 9 QeSlicides.". 7 eigibIe. 4 viSited. Not ooly dkl Daly take after her biological mother. 2 has asked. 10 snapshot. 18 flood. 10 9 Exercise 5 l a. 5 False. 10 False Exercise 2 1 have viSited. 5 had. 5 False. 5 has dreamt. 10 True 4 program. 9 Have. 7 cidn't have. 6 certificates """"'. 4 ~iIizer. f 5. 5 Good. 12 spring. b S. 4 will. 16 PtJ"nal. 3 A. 6 enter. 8 0 Down: 2 comI:>I'latiOn. 9 take. 15 a1d awam. Exercise 5 l d . This is a diff\cutt questiOn. 11 donilg. produced. 17 tricky Exercise 4 1 has been going. and one that I've been asked before. 6 eoo. The abi1y to cIcne using DNA leads III to many posslJiIiIies. 6 variety. 4 ~. 5 sette. 8 TI\I8 Exercise 5 Dew Juan. 6 WOIJd have taken. 3 j. 9 1mes. 4 overt. 8 True.4. 3 True. 4 ability. 6 D!![VOUS. 9 optiOn.7. 7 been waitilg. c 2. 7 sitcom. g 3. 2 would-be. 5 h. 9 """"" Exercise 3 1 griwing stuff. 2 False. 8 cope Exercise 3 1 take. 19 modify Down: 1 genes. Eltercise 2 1 made. 8 Text B. 5 have risel. 5 news. 9 c. 4 sI'IOUd be. 8 forget. 7 ~ 8 a .. 3 had. 4 a. 5 11!:&Lish. 6 CheCkng. 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 a. 9 Text B. 5 compost. 10 ~tant Exercise 2 1 games. 6 d. 7 False.10 9d Exercise 2 l a 2 ~ 3 a 4 d. 5 O:Iicating. 8 accepI.6 c. 4 ca<eEr. especiaty English.5. 9 Neutral. retake. monster. 4 Errp'laoc. 2 B. 5 beg~. 3 don't stop. 7 False. 11 ntensify. 8 Bad. 7 0. 2 ~. 2 be wcr1Ii1g. 9 wiI watch.5. 5 ~ 6 g. 4 ~ 5 d . 3 Illlake. exam. These range from being ate to save II:!l: ~ species to reprOO. 7 e. 10 Text A Exercise 4 When sdentists. 7 Text A. 9 slum. 2 En'llhabC. 5 were. 8 £W:Iity. 3 decade. 7 ~ Exercise 3 1 begiri'lg. 4 lot .. 'Nhat frigltoos many people is the dea that SOO'leCIOe rniglt 10 cIeci:Ie to clone a complete person. 9 d. 10 IiIter. 4 hal/9 knOwn. 5 i. 12 scarce. thus aeating a mocIern day Frari<enstein Exercise 4 1 h. Unit 11 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Neutral. 5 weaknesses. haven't had. 5 ~. 13 lack Exercise 2 1 fa!. 7 'd have bWght. COfTllIeled: 6 . 6 have. 2 dr<rna. 2 pres&n!. 8 True. 5 cassette recorder. ~ co. Exercise 4 1 Bad. 8 reality Unit 12 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 f.n son and find out v. I'd tal< to y.I}dant. 4 have beccme.KVive. 4 enriCh. buI these were . 4 C Eltercise 6 1 waste. 4 True.t. 10 0 Exercise 6 1 movie. she was n fact a carbon copy QI_ CIorWlg of a bit more limited sort has been around lor years. h 7 Exercise 2 1 seen. "'" Exercise 3 3. Scientists have t!e!i:a already ctoned rrioe and /rogs. 9 False. 9 True. somewhere like the U.x1y lor use in operations. Unit 12 Lesson 2 Eltercise 1 l d.. 16 lush. 4 reviewi'lg. 2 pass. 7 Bad. 7 8 forgm Exercise 3 1 True. 8 be Exercise 4 1 wasnt 2 had conduCted. 6 cast members. 7 have Idled.. 6 Neutral. 2 Good. 7 wasn't: 8 didn't taste: 9 COUldn't help: 10 were tryilg Exercise 5 Across: 2 Iremeodous.. 2 con!imf\ated.dlg ~!lLorg<ns Unit 11 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 buy. 8 WQIjd have been . 14 onine. 8 wOOd have. 8 Emphatic. 3 False. 2 haal't seen. 10 grades Eltercise 4 1 True. 7 Errp'latiC. 14 estimate. 4 False. 5 toss. 2 begffiing. I have a few questiOnS I'd like to ask you. I tq:le ~ acMce ~. 3 g-ade.. 3 Neutral. 3 d. S frished. 7 True.7. 12 fossil. 41. 4 end. 15 grade. 3 pressIXe. I tlWi<: it's inportant for young people today to realize how useful rt can be to speak another language. 8 Climate. 9 would. 6 been taI<ng. 10 wOOd yOJ have . Is 'fOOl son interested in learning English? Has yoot son evet' been to an EngliSh speaking COlI"Itry. 3 quiz. 6 inspect. 7 t 8 c Unit 11 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 a 4. 6 c. 4 prtne-time. 4 QQil1Iess. 5 get. 8 a.

.eN Haven. A And the mooey? B Well. 00. the age of seven. Does he have a 1M? Oh. wtTt WCUd I want a eel phone? I don'.XD[[l!. I get twice as Il1Udl as before. what aboot the yf!kIN B I'm not SlXa.. Bile! Thai's M IAISI. A wt»ch of these cups is YOOO.. but let's say I'm the arty person t kI1O'N who can do it.? ~didyouw:yrullillIl!l Mel rTlISS8d tIYae yea-s 01 school. Miana? Do you know what it B -""""" Yes. C M! What atxluI yw ncrne. the rT"II:Me "Ffija' . I can take pictlJ"ElS. A VIIho's he? C Not "he" Bilie Holiday was a A 3 A A B ""'. which one's GIeg? O'I! Wei. Gteg has da1Ier eyes than twn.IaI name. they're A Look. She I'lE!YEI" spent <ny money Md was Mvays weaing the same cbIhes. AncIl'm Bile. Sol means "$1. Oh I know who you me<Yl he's the one with the amazh'J green eyes. no! He has realy lair skirt He doesn't have a tan al aiL 1'1 introduce you whoo I see hill. I'd have to S<l'J fm probably one of the best C 'Ntr{s that firrly? B Because I'm neither and.. isnl it? A weJ. 12. how's the rew.I' eel 4 5 6 """" .was tot by her father a few ye. The acOOIn almost proved fatal <n:l certarlj chaflged her iIe. A Wtr{! 'Mlat happeMd? B I've never met a'1)'OfIe IKe hin. C A So. thaI's actually his t:ro!her Sirnc:wl. and ~ was tefflble. B A How rn. B So ycu WOlUl't go agatl. 2 7 8 B Realty? A Do you want to know my 3 B Not rea/tt. reaIy ike it. "'" 4 Were you I1lIIIilld aftar~? Wba1 does ~ n::mJ.. red is rcmanti::.. A No. she dOO at the age d 47.e. B CtI SOtry. ~ the 194Qs.1'1" Of "Stmy" and my parents decided 10 call me Sol. A WrJ. caIed Gasa Aru . How would you like yw coflee. H realty annoys me whM someone's eel phone goes off 11 a teS\alnnt (X whM ycu're tablg to them. 4 B No! Reatt? A B Yes? A ThIs soup is realy not hot B A B 2 A So.tlt 3f'd day. In teday's progral1 we're goilg to take a brief look al the ife 01this amazing woman. then. Garmoo Frieda KahlO Y Galderon . 1907 n her pamt's ho.like 5 6 7 4 """"" receipt _hy ""'. she gave her date of birth as 1910. aI I want is peace and qu~t. I cal't lnagi'1e haw people B C A C -' was? I'm Actiana. A can I get ycu a drn<.. It's """. B """" A I'm I"IaW1g a party. Seven dayS tater on »113.. A WeI.odesI . sir.:b? B WeI. I A Prid You have to be jokng. !hey Oscovered she was worth over S20 milliOn <V1d she had left ~ aI to her catsl RaU Sar. 'M'Iat's y<:u A Well. I Tha. A I passed the exam. wei! All the cheaper stores were closed.t nor? It's such a beaulmJ ~'s B pretty CXlI1ll'01 Track 3 1 l'baI.1ved i'l the past without them. Mel even su1 the internet . he has bkn:l t\ai'. Grace. "M<r" is ·sea" and "sol'" IS 'SIJl".9'l1 att Md was given the rane "Los FridQs. come on! H's orty lor a day. how was the date? B AasastB'. Some hiStorians think she did this as rt was also the yeat of the Mexican E 3 Track 1 A B A """"'00. 2 Cell a:.Jse 1'1 a Slb. The f. nvestment A B Wr'rf do \hey cal you Sol? A 'MlIn I was YIlllQ. her family was n for a so. So" these. I don'. Audloscript . A That's OJIrageotJSl H's not 7 8 Do you use yru eel phone a lot? Does anything annoy)'(Xl about ceA phones? 'Mlat's the most aTOYf'9 thtlg about eel phones? I WWd you be ate to m.. Mile? B What 00 you mea-I? 1925. 3 00 you I!ailtt what you IiIDIl . we have to . hOw good are yoo? B WeIA. 2 3 4 5 B lIh.I'ld mrr. B on! OK. ctoog'og the spelling to F-R·I-D-A.xprise. when she entered the Natiooal pr-epiM"atory school. A No. wartt ~ to be ate to conta:t me ni. she bec<me sick Mel was diagnosed as suffemg frool polo o 2 6 7 8 """". I was expecling him to pay me back today. 4 00 you 1M you' QiIDIl:7 5 It's pretty Q.h:I'les! I c:otttl't lM:! 'MthoIJ mi'le. I was B I stJ don'.. Ka'*l was ~ . starTing actress SaIrna Hayek. YeOO! Well my dad's illO jazz. so B 01! MIne's the bUl one.chez. By 1938. B Wei. She was ctYisteoed Magdalena. Unit 2 Track 5 In F~ 20:13. A No way! B Wllat do ycu mean? A I'm not gcWIg. 1'1 get you MOther bov.!l i'I my Qty. was released.:rit horne.:s an tnJSUaIlliIIIl!I. way! H wasn't worth ElYQ"'I hall 01 that. B What did you say yru name Marisol. to shcm her YOk n a Sln8aist embfuI. later. B Agai1! A I saw Matk yesterday.dI? B FIVe tuJdred doI<r. But v. B When? A He's almost 60.8lIe House . Mel she was to ive (II her ife there.11 1922. He 6'IEI'l made me pay for rT'ri diYler! A Hewhat? A Three hundred doUars. a local resident. B Qh.rrl\s.by her stLder1ts. I ctiiI: """". """ """" t~ ye'IcN one.. I don't wa'1I to SOI.eN YO!\!.She dropped the "e' from Frieda 11 about 1935. 6 Unit 4 Track 13 1 A I ive JUSt around the COfT)9(. ~ was alter this acddent that she started paio:1ting. -~ eatne as a shock. A M::l he dktl'l? B No. 2 My I!if!l!:IS call me SIll. worth that muct1.1 rigtlt away. Her II1ai ~ance n p. So whiCh ones do )'(Xl thilk we should send? wen we can't send the red When Grace McBride died..t1y'S She CtI.I' V8f\j funny because it means "dark and rict1". 00.. e And what does MarisoI mean? A It me<ns"SlIYJy sea" i1 SpMsh. but Maybe. C famous? She was a jaZZ ~ from Amo'ca.' Track 6 GalS in the cash Unit 3 Trac k 10 on! I hate them. that's nw.:rs before she was born. <V1d he borrOwed ~e Track 11 1 Do you have a cell phone? 2 How tong have you had yCIl. please." 3 """"". B a-. 8 lottery creda we shoJd send the yellow ones.. play ganes. A Come on. B Yeah.. 1954. AI.dl 01 Mtm:o Track 8 A A So what happened? B Wei. n Track 9 A Sat{s getti1g nmied again. In fact tt'e{re real)' dcr'k brown.wei. B They're not pink.ri1g a demcI'lstra\k:l'l against the overthrow 01 PreSIdeflI M)enz of Gwtemala.Workbook Audioscript Unit 1 Track 2 A Hi! I'm MarisoI. but my friends call me A 'Wtry not? B WeI. she tat. """" 2 3 "'" Track 7 4 SI.. Frida KahlO was born on July 6".. ¥TfW<l'f. wei 11 have it n I was named altar Sime Holiday. The year after Itis. A Great haifcuI. she was ntrOO. A So. C No. Track 12 1 """'" A So.H's great. B on! I'm sorry.:mge withOut ycu cell phone? How often do you text yCIl. And wtlen I go on v~tiOn .P a reputallCI'l atWld the wor1d <n:l traveled to f'. sorry. said. Maile. A No! A Have yoo heard the news? B Wllat news? A Jack and Mgeta have spI~ cp.. a bJs acOOIn on her W'i# home fn:m sctcd. A """" B weJ. Ka'*l was t:Uking I. it's not bad.J'. I bought this lantastic phooo last week. il my cowlry..bIic was <1. get it. 8 Y~! -. B Stop shouting.lU1. B Amazing! A We're goilg to Florida.. When Glace's !emit saw her wiI.I' eel phone? 3 INhen did you buy yCIl. ived alone WIth her five cats n an old house n the loYII'l 01 f'. black Of \'<'hite? B White.lced to [)ego RrMa Md mcrried hm 111929. B No way! A Look! IS(1"\ that Brad Pitt? B Yeah! """'" "'" """.". No.

rt would be fish . Hyou can't take a joke. B What do you mean? A WeB. do you? A &lre.ty favome food is probably Italian. whch is added to take rmw the naturally bitter taste of cocoa. the biggest chocolate factory in the world. Coh.he's OON your boyjriend. what makes chocolate so addictive is all the extra things that are added to rt . ten me . only made the idea popular. 8 This was in~ented by a Norwegian clerk named Johann Vaaler. AM' There he was. B So? A Well. A But does that mean you onty eat vegetables? B No! In fact. The ear1iest types of these didn't have arms. what do you like eating? B I guess I'm not like many A What do you mean? B Weil l don't really like chocolate. trust. B Well.understood that why did he call them the West Indies? They're nowhere near India. They didn't have any A ""'" Unit 5 Track 17 1 John S. Mmrnmm . It wasn't unt~ the early nineteenth century that chocolate as a food. on one of his voyages to the Americas. did you see that show on TV last night? B What show? A The one about the world 25 years from now. 00w Ioog have you known Jake? AtXlut seven weeks. I'm a vegetarian so I don't eat meat. Track 16 1 A So. Most of my friends aren't married and I don't tl1ink any of ""'" B 4 A B A What do you mean? 01 course he did.Tryptophan. Well. was the inventor of this technology and Faraday later used the idea. she's about 22 and he must be at !east 50. A So. what qualit.Workbook Audioscript 4 5 6 7 a A B A B A B A B A B I work in the travel industry. He went from door-to -door cleaning ~'s carpets. 00w did you meet? Oh! Nothing unusual. INhat do you like eating? B I guess I'm a litHe bit of a A How much do you eat eacll week? B Oh! At least a bar a day! A So. rather than a drink. put rt this way. B A Qualities of a friend? B Yeah! A Well. So. FIOI18. It was very popular as it was easy to correct mistakes. That might be true. most of the time the places he tanded on were islands .~ was really embarrassing.. B Go 00. A Columbus? You mean the glJ)' who discovered America? B Yeah! Except he didn1 discover A """"". Did you date at school? No! In fact I didn't ~ke him at all. Howe~er. She likes going out to discos and he just likes a quiet time fishing. ' Is chocolate good for you?' Well. """""'" B """"'". Track 20 Welcome to Chox. honor should go to Leit Eriksson. Petey leBaron Spencer found that a chocolate bar that was in his pocket had rnej\ed while he was workilg with mK:rowave radiation. A Why trust? B Well. 1876. I thougtlt. The first Track 19 1 A So. Chocolate also contains a natural "love drug" .. "'" by clothes makers and barbers. a piece of cheese is what I'd have as my comfort food.es do you think are impJrtant in a friend? B Oh. Columbus didn't realize that. B A Sure. A You wouldn 't believe how t met my boyfriend. when people eat chocolate. I think that's too big an age difference and they don't even ~ke the same things. ~ is very usefut for keeping pieces of pap9f together. rt was easy! I dropped my purse and he helped pick up all the things. =>d" This was inveflted by accider1t in 1946 when Dr. Of course. Absolutely! [interested] - Track 14 A So. 2 William Cullen. lt was an invention with a bright Mure. rt's no good if someone is jealous or if they don't respect you for who you are. 10 This was invented by a secretary from Texas. A I've never understood 00w FIOI18 and Marl< can be such good friends. But you might rot know that the Aztecs used to use cocoa beans as a kind of money. scientists have found that part of the cocoa bean contains a chemical that helps prevent tooth decay! N1CI in the U. Given the choice. Do you know John. Yeah. t hasten to add. As many poisonous plants would normally be bitter.S. The first electric model wasn't invented until 1803. ~ has to be money. Leifwho? AudIoscript . how did you first meet? B Well. wel l. without a doubt. a Scotsman. No.mbus was given a gift of cocoa beans. 3 Both Joseph Swan and Thomas Edison invented the electric version in t878. but I don't like piZZa. Modern cross·blades are used 2 2 A B A B 3 """ 3 A B A B A 4 . 3 A B A B Sure they did. No. It oontained no lead and was given its name by mistake. So. INhat are you reading? B I'm reading an arbcle aoout Columbus. Do you think fewer peope will get married? Sure. A Isn't ~ incredible that the population of the world is going to double. helping me to my feet . people naturally have a ' sweet tooth' . well. but they forgot to mention that fewer people are gening married and many are starting their families later. B [)on'. but I still don 't think the workir. In Japa!1. but for me rt's pasta. 9 The modern ' lead' ~ersion was invented in England. In fact. of course. They were probably invet1ted in Italy. A I was working as a waitress in a restaurant and I spilled SOUp over this man. Probably not. It takes ~s name from Greek and means "far mushrooms. became popular. B 5 fXlPlI\ation wi~ daJbIe. A But that's Italian. The first model used gas for power. Do you? Do you like the party? Mmmmm. for example. he thougllt he'd sailed around the world and reached the Spice Islands. "He looks nice!' But if he was getting off.what he called the West Indies. then I wouldn't want you as a friend. yes. A Very fulny. USA. N1CI 00w did you meet? I was waiting fOf a bus and there he was. B Morey'? A Come on! t'm joking. Track 21 A Hey Jane. SO the population won't grow as quickly as they think. A Yep! B That's pretty funny. What about you. but it doesn't mean that they won" have children. INhat do you like eating? B Ah! A difficutt question. 2 A So.. B Oh! That one. many of you will know that chocolate Ofiginally comes from Central i\merica. In fact. I was running for the bus and A B tripped. B Yoo don't believe that. It is useful fOf writing and drawing and can be erased very easily. Originally rt was a triangular shape made of wire. 4 Marconi. [)on 't you? B No. they have found that eating chocolate helps fight heart diseasel 6 Earty versions of this were made from DOe piece of metal. interestingly. A For me. I haven't really thought about it. INhat do you like eating? B Well. we were at scho:xlI together. fI. One of the main ingredients is sugar. 7 4 Track 18 1 protein /I chocolate II substance 2 calories II minerals IllIitamins 3 unsweetened II unhealthy II potatoes 4 circulation II carbohydrate /I -< Track 15 A A1l<Ji. rt's so funny. Most people think 1JJal. Thurman invented this in t899. they feel happy and relaxed! One question I'm often asked is. B Oh. Mike. he was the first European to reach America. what we know as Indonesia.none of them dangeroos. Miguel. too? YoM Would you like to dance? To dance? Great party! them will get married in the next A few years. getting off.g model was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in B Sure.. I guess ~ I had to choose one thing. especiaJ~ spaghetti with MaIch. B Arld what 's that? A Patience. Sandra. who some people think invented this. Wow! But still. you talk enough. V'Illile we walk around the factory. I' ~ tel you a little bit about chocolate. they rested on the bridge of the nose.. I've neve. that's true. the real popularity of chocolate does not really come down to the cocoa itself. scientists in a number of countries have found that chocolate contains chemk:aJs that have benefrts. It wasn't until almost 100 years later that peope could buy one to keep their f()(Xj cool. They showed the birth rate and the increase in people 's life expectancy. but I'd guess I'd need them to be able to listen to me. B N1CI another quality? A Sometl1ing you don1 have.

ro cx:mpares Hogwarts with Midcle-Earth wi anger Mel outrage Ttfden fans. A . ok then.. A ""~. MiChelle Wei... A AAd why do we cal ~ Arnefica and not CoIumbusiand Of something? B WfA that's easy. A Yes. No. no! just for ILnt People said I wcUd fYW' out 01 them. Mom. and wizards. with races 01 00 own OIention.. A Are you coming to the party tcright? I can't.ming or boxilg 01 . k:lts. but. 2 3 4 Track Z1 AeoIy? """" • • """""' """""'''' """'. A But that's not fair. arl)U19 . the limit's one box Mel one bottle. ~ has be Michael Phelps .. """"" AeoIy? Oh. n fact. stronger ••• better. C School work! You're not lying to me.! won by less than taf a second.a theme otten fOlIld illTl(l'l'J fantasy 000ks." C Wrrf do you w<¥'1t to go 5 6 ? S 9 10 . bot not all. whefe the man gets the WOIl"a"I n the end. I txlught it..g. Track 32 A HtJ1! Look at lt1is article hero... I did! A Yeah.. Pete? lkl1. .. just sit back <V1d erPt it. A B """'" -~. It kild 0( captlX9S the rooment. And there's that golfer . nol Oh.nat was reaIy goot was the bok on tis lace after he'd won.I streets. His ips ae vesy hAl 00t he has a Iaitt smaI rose.. Tell me one that isn't. I know that. He has ttwl eyebrows abo\Ie i&'ge eyes. a biography ex a 000k about real events. " intelligent optmistic • ""'" Unit 8 Track 29 We're going to catch up on some school wO!K.:v1owe rni!1l1 h<MI been the real 2 3 4 -' My. Ttfden created his own world. The last tx:dI. are anracted by the inage that many of the martial ats have. dwarves. The Lad 01 the Rings is about the age--<t:I battle Track 28 A IIo'1c7N Illi best Iriero's boyfrierd is SEOOg someone else. However.". C FICtion! Wasta 01 tme. the best ItW'Ig is a good klYe story you know. rigltt Yoo stole~. as wei as ffiCI1y traditional mythical races such as elves. the British • A WeI. 'Nhat I loved was the look of astonishment on his face when he reaized what he'd dOlle. 'Nhat? COlI"S9 it is.. Another woman darning she can c:orrpete against men. faster. so I stole it. She was oriy 14..eJt vMd Mel rea!isoc worlds. the best part is trying to figure out who dunnit! UI'\Iess there's a good twist n the plot. nol 00.st doo't know WI Should tell her. A But StXeIy if 'PI're Iookilg at the 2004 Olympics.' '>< coordinaton determination mesmeriZing . the best moment has to be Manhew" Pinsent winning his fro1h gold in four difftwent Olympics. many fantasy writers have tried to create eq. His ears stick out and his eyes are fairly dose- No.. 3 OK. C AnyItmg to declare? 4 Unit 6 Track 22 1 Do you think M. 3 TNs . but wtr{? They have great stories. no? .. after two iOCmeters of rowilg to win by on~ a fraction of a second . 2 TNs man has an angular face. then I'm rot happy. are yoo? No. have. Just Jnagine.. everyc:ne knows that men <W& better at sp:::rtS than """'. you stxJN me a woman • """"". I can't. A 'Nhat with? Yoo're always 00rr0wing I"I"'O"le'I from me! WOO? A You know.re. A Hey! Stop cheamg! A But 'PI're cheatilg. the Ganacians were. amazirlg cmracters. For me. and the pictures just add to the whOle thir. the Bmish rna<alhon runner? She can beat most men in the marathon. Men. be reaIy 8IYT'I with you. rtMte(. For me. 01 CXlUfS& you s!'lotjj! A But d I do. 2 3 4 Track 26 A Don't be such a baby! Oh.what about PaJja Radciffe. get belter. • • • • • S'oWmWlg il the 200B ". A &.mp face. wi) yOOl A 'MIat are you going to do? AbouI. Frst 01 aI he coIapsed Md then he cried his eyes out when he g:rt tis • . No. I bo. I r. !-is Iorehead is klw and he has a nat some sctooI worK. Md one wtictt is COI'T'lTlCtl 00"0I1Q women. Track 24 Everyone has heard about Harry Porter. Sh! Hyou don't ru~.rnaMgt between good and eW . Gymnastics.• . she'. E """'.. IItri. Woo! A Yeahllwl ... a separate cootflent. nobOOy wi know. My favorite has to be SpiOerman . My mom won 't ~t has really deep-set A Come on. that's . the teadW wi he<w".RR TeoI<8l.man """. CXle of the best kNOwn is The Lord of the Rings by J. Vvhat do you mean? A Wei. she'.. He was a Vi<ilg expk)rar 'AOO landed n C<nada arnost 5IXI yeas before CokJmbus set sal n the fifteenth centl.. In fact.. Unit 7 Track 25 TNs man has a pretty pk. il leday's society.nat about other fantasy books? Fantasy books have been arOO'ld lor many years. 2 3 4 o 5 6 7 S 9 Mm"". • • 2 • wiming his fifth gold medal of the 0I'ympic games in Athens..I'Ider bushy eyebrows. He has a pointed nose and a prominent ctMn. A That jacket.! But vbj was he so A So? A So.. can I go """"'" • • toJerny's? B Give me a good murder mystery Mf day.. So? If yw keep quiet.A.. • • II's amazing to think that 5 Cervantes and Shakespeare migtlt have died on the same Track 23 A Fa 1M.I'1II HatTy Potter has WI')'OOe managed to succeed. I think ~ COlJj have been de • • • • swm • • • "". The first 01 these is the dynarric nature 01 most nwtiaI arts. Tel her you're going to a frierd's to do eyes l. bot not all. I read was so ftroy it made me cry! Now that's what I caB good.but I hated the """"" ""'. not an sports are about A Track 30 ""'"""" A Huh! That's not a real sport. Since Lad 01 the Imgs.. have been MaOOwe. is as a means 01 self-defense. I don't rdy have tine. ""'''' • • • or • • • strength.nallll<e. Wrj . this guy was my nineteen and he could easily be Fb. it 0:::000'. 5 6 """. !hen I W<VlI it to make me 1aI.. A Vvhere did you get that? I"~. but so wi the men.r1. A 'Nhal's the !1OOtest sporti1g moment for you. 10 """"" -" _" 5 6 7 S - • """'.. 'MIat was anazing was the lac! that ~ team Oft.? A WON! look at this j:tloto. But not I. more m more people leal that they need to be able to ~tect themselves when walking aIoo. 'Mlat's the point 01 reaOOg abou1 stull that iSn't even ~ NcrN.A@in. and she firds out you knew.Workbook Audioscript B Leif Eri<sson. mom.and that is financiaJly. but the customs officer doesn't need to. H you ttri: atxJut ~.. I think fflEIClng SI'IOUd be 10" learning.qi. Wei..1l1 ~. especially at night." Oh yea. But H I'm goi'Ig to read SClI'lleII'i'g.. Can I gJ? Tra ck 31 There are many reasons for people wanting to learn a martial art.. Surely I guess he may have. but two reasons are most common. caIed Middle-Earth. you have !tYee Ixlxes 01 cigarettes Mel at least two bottles 01 whske. Yean! Pretty~.rmg . A Yep! Most. Probably the most noticeable thing atxJut Tolkien's work is how real his world seems. .. A WeI... Arnefica was named alte' the FIofentne ' " why? Because he was the Iirst person to re<ize that the Americas were no! pM 01 Asia and were. .nat? A WfA. ex cc:use. I didn't. She beat a load of men in a tournament.o.. I dal't WMI to have to think \'He I'm reaci1g.. ~ team wasn't the laYoriIe.ro can beat men at n. shl3'1 be so If you doo't. HaIry Porter has already exceeded The Lord of the Rings in one way . It (3l'. The second reason. in particlJl<M'. reacMg is abou1 reIaXilg. unbelievable! The team had so much stamina and det9l'1'l'Wlation ..-. Yoo won't tel anyone."""".

for example... Roberts. you've dru1k half a bottle! It's easy to say you don1 have a proIjem. 6 7 They've aI becO'ne nalicroal Track 34 2 3 4 spatial discriminate empathize 5 6 7 """'" intelligence discredted Track 38 A On today's program we have Dr... 11ll6lI1.be 01 toothpaste. B """'. ~ the ones who MI guilty. bok at ttis one.. 00 they? 5 You're rrmied. A How can mil. but it doesn't mean I'm rot intEligent. the tlWlg lhat amoys mel One tt"Wlg that stops people buying vk. I'm ctMousIy intelgent in one of the """" do. Water starts Off in the ocean. After that.. A Oh. but you can learn. but I need something to calm my nerves. what is? B Wf. A No. Dr." yo. The next thing you know.J.Ie 01 tile...st so easy to drive everywhere.nat all the fuss is about... A So. atnost three-quarters 01 the SLM"face 01 the earth is coYOred with the stull. come Ofl! That's noI the point. I know it's unhealthy.. isn't it? W"fI 'Mla. A Track 39 1 Gan I have a bag of d1ips? 2 How rroch is that bonle of "". B 5 Unit 11 Track 42 Have you seen the latest reaity 2 3 4 5 Unit 10 Track 37 1 2 6 7 8 """"" • 5 6 "'" foore1 3 7 """ """" drains IV"""'baking so happy? Why's he How long have you been other ways. isn't it? 3 You exercise fNefy day. aren't you? 6 You're ~ wi toniojlt. I'm just saying that unli I know ..Workbook Audioscript B WeI. lose !-is job..Alld how rnarrt 00 these socaIed tests check? ProbOOIy r:rit two or tIYee. He's. the only thing that changes is wI'le!e ~ is..e.. A &. like musical inteligence Mel ilterpersonal intelligence? Yes. I'm not going to eat rt.. I krDw that! But what does geneticaly mcdified !TI9a"l? WeI. A B "" WeI. messed ~ with. is~? Fait? Far Ior. we can r:rit Qri.. lood ... It's also interestng to see what we 00 with water. The arncu1t of junk food eaten nowadays. this ~ is GM free.. look.. didn1 "... and I still don't beUeve they Track 35 1 You're American./? B CII.st not lair. B Not atways -there's organic And you're telling me that orgaric food is better for me? B It's probably healltl ier. about one pen:ent of the water. doesn't it? 8 You cooked this ~f. A B A Have you &vef taken one? Yes. A I tel you .jht! It's so easy. W rIOt surprising.n:I with. but I think a lot 01 caIecI "INat&<". do you rernerrber allhose scaes abrut Mad CoN Disease a lew years back? Yep! ""'" lood. aren't yoo? 2 ThaI's bad lor YOU. come on! AI food is messed cro. To start with. most people jllS! don·t realize how il1portant """'" genetics implanting 8 '"""""" '""""" """ How rTQ"ly tines has he been Have they firished? """" pesticides 10 resistant Track 43 1 The thing I really hate about this 2 The way in l'Alich games become addictive Track 41 A Look at this packet. ~.' " abrut it . Paul Roberts. I A B B So. poll" ~ one to ~ you retax.to work. Roberts.nat's the big deal? It's reaIy important 10 know what's in OIS food.. you get . Exactly. A Noway! 8 9 artistic 10 abilities """"'" water is 10 us." 3 4 5 the terrible graphics.o9? 3 4 Pass me the jar 01 honey. H's pretty /\my that we cal 0lI" planet "Earth.nat. you r:rit live once. because it ShOIJd realty be B A B A B Wei that's!1XJd then... I don't see how that tasts . Vllhat. IMIat ftavcI" is that container 01 k::ecnxm? A can 01 beans. gNen how ~ ~ is.. they're r:rit vegetables. Something that is viIalto us.AIXI what atlererce does thai """"".. . then we WOlIki'I'. It'S absokJIeIy scandalous how we continue to pollute the YefY thing that keeps WeI. I used to go through aOOut a pack a day.1eo games . Dr. lhink of an the lertizers that are """..nat's in rt am... But what does GM me<I"I? GeoeticaIy rnc. ~'s. cognitive 8 . --. A B us alive. You're gM3n three ~ and a bIri square..Jways WOIl)Ylg that he'. Good afternoon. was~? 10 You want rTlO!e.te! We drink two C<W10flS 01 juiCe a doy. No.. and the water goes into rivers and strewns. you won 't catd1 me worrying atxJut it. B Good afternoon.~ we <idn't \hirl( have water. water. B No. I don't know .oo? Aanit you're aI just scared. . it's caIed ~ inteligenCe$. In lact. 2 contarmated ""'" How many have you seen? I've never ~ watchi'lg Tv. it rains onto the lend. He ate a v.1 9 II wasn't you. 'Twice a week' . Well. can't yo. test B Yaat1! There seems to be one in fMJfy magazine nowadayS. We recycle water all the time. 5 6 7 8 9 Track 40 1 . 3 . B But how do you know that? Why can't ~ be the second ""'" 2 3 . . but it's. yes! Pro we ffilISt also remember that lhe ~tity A You mean that the amount of water doesn't change? B No.. that's right. ""'. A Wf. WeI. as wei as the Well.t do you me<I"I Wrr{?" Wei. B Vllhat? A It says "Contails no GM ingredients. M:I how many typeS eX inteligera are thInI ~ to be? Oh! I think it's eight.telligence. To be hcroest.. In fact. A Wei. thEw"e you go. After ai.a 00. ~'s <maZing hOw rru::h we waste..xifiOO. ..nat you pay lor..ted So you're S8"ying that GM is the same as contanYlated. I thi'lk the maill'9aSCJl men don't want women COI1l)8ting in the S<ITIEI events is because they're afraid eX bei'lg beaten.. well. I ttri:. SQI'l1e ol the QOeSIions ~ to do with shapes. then !oms douds. H means that he leaves lor work at about seven in the morning and I'm kicky ~ he's home before nine at rj.b. A B 4 A """ you have to think Because about the color 01 the backgrourd..OOIe bar 01 ChocoIa.nat it does. """ He. just more expensive.. s People just don't watd1 what they eat../? 7 Ths lastes great. We need Mother t!. A B A B A It's that ~? B Oh.0... Sure.. Wei. then you're asked to Choose from leu dtferent Shapes end deC:XIe which one best fits the empty space.. B Wei../? 4 Men don't lYe as long as women. don't yo.. my doctor said. be GM free? B It means the WNS haven't been led with food that's been A A B Vllhat do you 1ll6lI1? B WfA... I tried to sign ~ to a local hea/lh dub but it cost $25 a week! I know I should waJ<. evaporates " to the air. then. 'Nhen we talk about dirty water crd contaminated water. but it isn't that easy.J. ~t is the reason? WeI . After all. don't you? Track 36 1 To be honest. A Easy! ~'s the thil"d shape. that's part of its beauty. one of a number 01 wOOd experts on water. isn't it? You get heme after a long day at work. but now I probably orty have about five a day. I've art down. which is far less than you lind in the ICe arru"Id the Natfl and South poles. isn't it? What do you mean? Wf!j. Unit 9 Track 33 A Look at this! Another 1. ~... water? B Yes. hOw rru::h do we use? B Not a lot. I 1Tl!m... 5 A B A B A B A B A 1 But one 01 the ideas now is that there MI different ki'ods 01 inteIigenCEI. A B W9I that was all caused by the cows being led contcrnina.tlich in tum go back "to the oc:e<Vl . I've neY9I" been very good with spatial tli'lgs. people are asking lor ~! My husband suffers from this. .

5 6 7 8 """'" """"" ".. we also have iYI extensive social program. . WOI. ~ isn't natural to spend hoIxs on end staring at a computer Of TV screen..st atout school exams. ISIder because wgJ """"". e But TV stnJId be reIa. Secondy. who has been carrying out research on this topic for more than three years. at least they can~ be gelling into trouble on the streets. not even EngIsh? e No! I was tentlle at Ergish. B In what w<J(? e They need to Show ~ know stuff. it really depends on the test. I guess not.. But.IuOOg TOEFL and Business Engish. as wei as headaches and even problems with tOOr tmds Md fingers. h. the biggeSt problems we social.no are nterested in pwtic:tlating and not just watchi1g won~ be dsappoiltecl.. but we're not taIIing. Leanne on line one. then it WOUld be afferent.tlt? Tho _ _ _ B 'M'ich one? A - ~agajn. B Well. We teach CM!I: 12.. . many peopIa take a test Mel then forget EM!J)1hing. the tI1ng thai pefSU&CIes Ptq)Ie \0 buy the game. """"? B . A OK Tt\CJlk you both. ArstIy. you can cIothat".. A First.. On the one hand there is ~ of evidMce to Show that W:teo games can be bad. thank you for being my first guest on the . Ivan ParIts who ~ the head of Awonl.. in a A Well. but that's different. .. For us that's probably !he most useful thing about them. But as it is..". there B B A e "'yo. e INrri wooId you want to watch that stuff? A Because it's ro. 3 4 arne(iorate 5 6 7 8 9 scientifc 10 tl'8f1SlX(lation .x)U'11$. B WeI. so 1I<tla1's ~ ike to be a celebrity? WfA. was ~ actl. Sa-Mntho... """""'.. J can~ be A -. I mean.I"e some peqJIe's knOwledge. These kids Jose the abity to sociaize most ~ers play these g<mes aIore.tleIher you'. does passirY. e -. they're watcti"g everyttWlg you do . aren't I? B [)efi1tetj. are exans a fair way of frong out how srra1. One thing I've noticed is thatl'T'Wly kids who play lots 01 these gcrnes have ~ Q.. So.l'lCOI'llkrta chairs. I'm ctong shcJNs Ike this. I mean. For ex<rTllIe. An exciting commercial ()l10dayS program we'lS askJ'g Ate I'Ii:1eo games bad fa )OO? In \he stLdo I have Ryan Ferguson. Wet I'd prefer to watch that than some doct. Parks.. FrstIy. You 00her kn:lw it Of you cion'\. Gocx:I evOOng. B It was tooiJle! You ~'t believe how nasty othef people can be! And to know that the wt'toIe COlKltry knows all ycu secrets.j ant of my ex<ms. One minute I was wOfking in my local supErlTIaIket and the next ffWute . A Just shows hem sI'\aI::Jw you e Track 44 0 Hey! No need to be Ilde. A Vohlat? You watCh that stuff as well? """'. They my measue hcr.! gcMng to be taJIOOg to Samantha Wilson. but tests are a proven way 01 showing ij someone ~ smart e Oh. ~'s strange reaty. are .Jd you want to go to a doctor who hadn't passed medical school? e No.(0) students a year.. Ar'IOIh&.. people ere? B 01 cx:use they n. An:j WOI. I thoulj11. be su::x::essfU in ife? B &re .ick reactiorls and geat hcn:Ieye coordnation.. 9 In my company we use them III the time to sea how wei people cope under pressure. 6 . no one remembers what they did in a test. A 'MIat. Ihero are medcaI reasoos. star of Channel 1's latest reality SOOw. as there are two Sides to the issue. P. So. After ai. 7 Tests! Completely pointless. I1CM' I'm makilg lots 01 money and 11 never have to wOOl. Before we take yr:AJI cals.l8ti Vv'hat cIo you mean? e Well.h. WOI. e In wtich case... so ~ 's reafty difficu~ to S2tj. we have two guesls in the studo that have dfIerilg W3ws on the vakJe 01 exMIS. B Yes. It's absurd to say they don'. Dr.rnentary on people""". HcM'eYtY. WeI... ~ has to be the ~ w&i.xational.- are the psyd'loIogicaJ reasons. but •. oot .(? B A B I ~t kM of wrote in.J 0lJ'" teachers we n. Scm. too.Workbook Audioscript 6 7 8 A the twgh cost. Those of you. but I think that's and yet I was still pretty successful. ~'s adictive trash. 2 WfA. so when I heard they were maktlg MOlher show. you have to be able to rTI6aSI. Trac k 45 A Wr:m! Did you see lhat Show on TV last ni!. . Hyou had the chcr'lce to do it again. if you ask me."'" ••. 0 Me. Parks. I"d watched the first series Md thOught.even when you're A So. A No. come on! You can't reaIri believe that.Jd you find out who knows things? I failed aI my exams at SChOOl e Not aD.y quaified <n:I have experience 01 workilg in a variety 01 ro. 2 3 4 Track 48 """ . - """ pOOtless .. good morning . Ryan. - ""'. how else WOI. There ere <itlerent types of accorrvnodation available. e I'm sony.tlWlg ~ that ij the kids are pIayi1g garnes. so what's the pOOt? A B Good evening. wOO<. 8 They don't ~ a thing! I passed my math exa-n 00:1 yell stiI e<n'1 baance my acc. one of the IeOOng exam boards in the COUltry. 5 Track 50 optirristic 2 -". ""fI . "Come on. On tonigll's show 'He'A.. People also suffer from backadle from sittOg in l..xi"1g. OK.v goOO someone is at Iakilg tests. from I'lc:lnestay to seII-oontained apMmer1ls. lief! school at 16 without passirY. Unit 12 Track 46 A The phone-in on teday's show is about exams and how ~t they ere. We offer a wide range 01 COO"SeS... Please cal me &vn.. I think yoJ've both!1Y&1 us !lings to think about. it makes people reW:lw what they've stU(ied and that can orVy be beneficial. e 0 &re. rut thai's not the same as being soo::essfU.xatiOnal inStitufuns. ~ was reaJIy bad at the time. Sam. 0 Yes. I mean. let's go to OU" li"st caner. Hi. MMy 01 these games are extremely vioIeI1t and this can't be good for young people. but now I'm A I'lld you ttWlk it was worth .Jd you want to employ M engineer to build a tri:Ige W they'd fajed thai' 9' 'gi I0OI i WJ - e famous. but others ¥8 a waste of time. How else WOI..j exans Show v. doesn't it? I guess some are good.. if you have 'iflt (JJ8Stions . 10 To be tn'lest. 4 Track 49 WfJa:xne to WoocI<n::l Language School.. Dr. ~'s pretty funny. We h::Jpe that you'" time here will be both ~ and useflJ. not how sma1 they are.. makilg it possiJIe lor us to find somethi ~ to slit ~ who o:mes. Evening. " paape had to retake !hem f!NelY few yen. Ryan. yeah! Sure. 2 A "'..M:I we go about it? We've been usilg exaTIS oo:Ilests silce we first stood on two legs. 3 Well.deo games bad B Thai's a Vf1fY ilterestng question because it treats the topic as vert black and white.. "That kXlks M ' . In reality it's not as clear cut as that. A An:j what -""'" . but some of them. as far as I'm concemOO. B So I guess you watch aI those soaps Md reaity Track 47 A ~e waste of lime. B A I'lld OU" secord guest is the !anile in Africa. there ere also some positive effects and these should oot be Jorgelten. it's geat to be here. wt1ich is a considerable number. An:j how dd you get on the novelist Annie Jones. they can damage you'" eyesight.Jd you? B Oh. Good evooing.. wei. ''-''''-''I wortc. This ooabIes us to grve students exact~ wtlat they reQUire. . We also ~p our students with theW accorrmodation needs.. Dr. I'm sony you leellhat wWof. including vigjts to the theater Of sporting events...

BOa./llez . 2006 First put>lished 2006 All rights reserved : no part of this pubHcation may be reproduced . Aurelio Antonio Martinez Rivera . 90./ pp 11 2a.html. TVT Mllsic lroc and Virginia Beach Music. Unit I : Lesson I extract from 'Why people use pseudonyms' by Alex McNeil first published in Shakasp6af8 Matters VoI. CorbisI Mitchell Gerber p7le . Claudia Cruz Annenla. Vackimes Serret. Scott Storch and Timothy Mosley copyright CI EMI April Music InclTennman TlInes . London. CorbisI Walter Smith p73. 58 (header). Atamy! Andy Myatt p119. W ireless Road. III..5. Redfems Music Pictures p7la: Rubi)(/ Seven Towns Limited {rubix cube icon)pp12.ible. Tom Salsbuf)". Tel: (55) 5482 2200 Fax: (55) 5482 2203 elt@macmillan.I34b. 1919 pl3c. CorbisI RuffIIS F. CorbisITom Stewart p124a . y8(Iid Monroy Segundo. Lesson 4 : Extract from 'Focus Rated' first published in Focus .mJ( _ .. first published in IATEFL Issue No: 173 June-July 2003. Getty News and Sport! Tony Duffy p86a . 142d. 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Corbisl DaytOna Beach News p14 . Infograms pI14t1 . 87br. raprinted by permission of Intarnational Music Publications Ltd.. Sty1ianos N . taken from www. AJamyl Bill Bachmann p1Ob. Getty News and Sport! Mark Mainz p141 .2. 112b. chief flCientist 01 Greenpeace' both taklln from Fows Magazine september 2000. 122.R. 59<1: Nintando p114bl .. Alamyl Frantisek Staud pp 8711.7g. Oth6n Lll90 Cruz. Mayerl Pierre August Renoir 1841.4 . 141 : Gettyl Image bank pp Ila. Ana Palricia Maf1 iMz Vile. Corbis . SOa. S. All RighI!! Resel'Ve(t Intemational Copyright Secured.1. CorbisI '-. -. 113br. Joel Victor Hugo Gooz. Bloomsbury pp 62b. l1Jr. Arici Graziano p20 (matquez).Corbisi Reuters publis..com. 48b. first published in New Infamafionalisl Av. Lesson 3 : Extracts from 'Can GM crops feed the world' by Dr Michoio Kaku and ' GM : a QUick fix that is doomed to fait ...com Magazinf1 No. David CraM.2 No.mx A wholly owned subsidial}' 01 Macm~lan Publish8fs Holding Ltd www.4 . The publishers would be happy 10 hear 'rom any copyright hoIdet that hat not been acknowledged. Corbisl Craig Tt. or otherwise.F. S7.l. Barbar.macmillanenglish. London . Marta Kaul'fman. Corbis! Chuck Savage '-'" p131 . 33. Lesson 4: Extract from "Web Issues' by Adrian Tennant copyright CI Adrian Tennant 2003. Getty News and Sport/ Hulton Archive p14 .. 59. 970~50-351·X Editorial Macmillan de Mexico. 38c.03. Alamyl Vittorio Sciosia p82b. reprinted by p8fmission 01 Music Sales Umited.V. 128. Alamyl Stephen Voss p10Sa.35. Jose Carbs Pana Alves. 124b.R.lisl1 p115. Corbis pp lId. Jorge Antonio SIlonchez S!!onchez. and encouragement. 121. 97. Getty News and Sport! Soon Halleran p84m: '-" Gelly News and Sport! Steve Hansen p86b. reprinted by permission of Internationat Music Publicat ions Ltd and EMI MusiC Publ ishing Ltd.07. 38 (header). 4Sa .on(Ion W6 8BS 1995. Getty News and Sport! Pascal Rondeau p86. Corbis! Stapleton COllection p52b.2. Israel Martinez Quiroz..03.. Alamyllmagll State pl OI . Comm issioned Photographs by: Dean Ryan PI> 38a. reprinted by permission 01 the publisher. 45. Maria Cristina Pinheiro da COncei!. hard wOrk. Unit 7: Lesson 3: Extract from 'How honest 8fe you?'. Corbisl John Madera pp94b. All RighlS Reserved. COfbisI Jeff C . D . Printed and bound in Thailand Thil boo!<.2 . WC2H DOY and Music Sales Limited. 87bl. Aguiar. Getty News and Sport! Keystone p90. CorbisI Ray Juno pl05. CorbiS/ Don Masonp19a . Alamy/lmage 100 PI) 72.22. CorbisJ Ni ng Chiu p71f. Alamyl John Pa l Vi lh elmsson. Alamyllogram Publishing. t42c. Edwin Giebelen. 89 . The authors and publisherl> would like to thank all the leachers and students who contributed 10 the development of this course. 89. 137. 73. electronic. Bergsaker Tore p84b1. 55. 117a. Corbi" Jim Cummins p83. 97t. 96. San Anton io 170.{. AI Rights Reserved. Allee Willis and Danny Wilde copyright C n Dawn Music CA. 1191. 108. rtes p32. "'-""" WEN N p11311. SpoIV Wamer Bros. reprinted by petrTlission of the publisher.6 . Bangkok 10330. CorbisI Ted Harowitcz pl23 . 16c. 124bl. p7A1amy/ John Fon p6c. Ma(l8zi116 September 1999. 52a. Alamy/ Noah Levy p96t1. USAIW_ Chappell North America. Corbis! Roger Ressmeyes pI26a. 135.. Corbis! Roy Morsch pp 27. Corbis. Press Association pp 62e. Brigitte Mund .. 5ga. Unit 3. Get1y News and SpoIV S teve Poweg p 8Obr. reprinted by permission of the author and publishef. reprinted by permission of the publisher. 72 . USA.-/ Elizabeth Young p 32 . Judy Chiachin Huang. W6 8BS 1974. CorbisI Paul Edmondson p121 tl. T he publ ishers gratefu lly acknowledge the following for permission to reproduce copyright material. 147 (old woman). 9th " oor. Mirna Zuge. Corbis! NASA p49 (shutt le).-' 74 . reprinted by permission of tha publisher. 47 . 109. 01180 M6xico. Digital VISion pl32: EmpicsI Sven Simon pl1 . 114br. Luke Prodromou 2006 Design and lIIusuation C . Orban pp 40. 147 (young man).hers.4 .1. 87. 354 March 2003. Rick Gomez p124m . 131 .llifu/ Words and Music by Linda Perry copyright pp 20 (shakifa). 22a. Mari Cnoz Rea. Maria Cristina V. A~ Rights ResefV8d. 48c. 113r. Corbis! T. 81 : Getty PI) 8 (headerJ. SA de C . Pathumwan . International Copyright Secured.. 62a . was printed in January 2007 by: Thai Watana Panich Press Ltd Wave Place Build ing. 49 (sneakers). Alamyl Andre Jenny pIDl . Corbis/ Rose serral11b. SteYe Linnell. CortIisI Stave Thornton p142e. or by any means. Every effort has been made 10 trace copyright holders. raprinted by permission of tnternational Music Publications Ltd . reprinted by permission of Music Sales Limited. deC.OO.1. 71c. Union Toots p67a. CorbisI Ed Kashi p2Q (allende). Alamy/ lmage Source pSa . Alamy! Jean Luc Morales p32 . lonoon. WC2H DOY.CorbisI George Ettienoe p8 . 112 (header). Press Association! Neil Leiffer p801 . Carbis! Lawrence Manning p6b. Getty I Tax i pp43. 147 (old man). 96It.50-35HI tSBN. ISBN-13 : 978-97(). We WOiJ ld particu larty like to thank the following people for their help in piloting materia~ and making suggestions: Mariel8 Cano Moreno. reprinted by permission of the autl"lor.5 . Ilg. especially M~ey Rogers and Jonn Waterman fOf allthei.. 38b. reprinted by permission of Il1Iemationat Music Publications Lid. Unit 10: lesson 1: Extract from ' Precious fluid' by Dinyar Godrej. 90 (header). 101 (header): Powerstockpp 90. Penguin Books pp 6Ob. 00. p80 (headef). 86.A.bibIe. Unit 3: Lesson 2: I'll Be Thent fOT You Words and Music by Michael Skloff. 139. EMI Mllsic Publishing Ltd . Corblsl Jim Craigmyle p72. reprinted by permission 01 the author. 147 (young woman). Design: Illustration: CcMIr image: Desigl'Mlf$ Collective Greg Hargreaves. 48 (header). lSa . Kabat COllection pp 16a. lIb. Mei Mel Alicia Chu Pulido. ALamyl Johnathan Kim p20 (jordan). Lesson 4 : Don'f Lei The Sun Go Down On Me Words by Bernie Taupin afld Music by Elton John copyright C Big Pig Music'Warner Chappell Arlemis Music Limrted . an interview with D< Doug Parr. Uni12: Lesson I : Beal.oom. Wintef p87tr. Dictionary work: Extracts taken from the Macmillan English AdvancfJd Dictionary for L(lBmers of American English Cl Bloomsbury PlIblishing Pic 2002 .4 .. 263. recording.3. USA 2002. 118. Gelly News and Sport! Pedro Armestra pl06.. FoIkks pp 16b.2.2 Wlnt8f 2003. support. Run Willms The Source Photography Cover design. 8OIr. Corbis! Gregory Pace p71b.R. Bridgeman! Stephen Lawrence Lowry 1887-1976. Aulaa Conce~ Faria de Araujo. 13. CorbiS! Bettmann p13c. 109. Carbis! Jose Luis Pe laez pp 73. Bridgeman! Piarra Augusta Renoir 1841-1919 -. Atamy/ Archiv Berlin FOIoagoentur GMBH p108b. 2006 Student's Book text C . Corbis! Bob Krist p143 . Photoclisk pp 16.A . wjthoulthe prior written permission of the p118. / Geographic pllc. soc. 104. MiIfY Evans pp 59b.Macmillan Companies and representatives throughout the world Teac:her'$ edition le~1 written by Mike Sayer O. Unit 5: Lesson 3: Cry Me A RiverWords and Music by Justin Timberlake .V. Corbis! Jon Feingersh p116. Alamy/ Pintail Pictures '--'"" S. 32. p65. 99. first published in Associated Press 23. CorbiS/ Francis G. Alamy! NiaM McDiarmid p49 (tights). Unit II : Lesson 6 : Come Away Wilh Ma Words and Music by Norah Jones copyright Cl Muthajonas MUSic LLC. 77. PI36. A1amy/ ()av.08. Science Photo LibrarylAdam Hart-Davis p 102. first published in The Guardian 17. 121br. Lumpini.3. C Kale Fuscoe. Alamyl Popperfoto pp 20 (maradona). 1341. 142. 70 (header). 94a. pholocopying . 124br.IO . Getty ~ and CI Famovs Music Publishing Umited 2003. Corbisl Oi Maggio Ke. Getty! Stone pp 10m. stored in a retrieval system..J Garside. de C .V.2 . 51 . Corb i&! Nancy Nay p1241. Getty News and Sport! Staton R. Phil Solem . 129. but in some cases this has proved imposs. CorbIs! Jack HottingSWQrth pI21b1. USA and EMI Blackwood Music Inc. OW Design The authors would like to thank all those at Macmillan inYOlved in the project. Chris Taylor.. Unit 8: Lasson 1: Extract from "The great picturo shOW' by Gordon Thomson copyright Cl The Guardian 2003. Corbisl Charles Grupton pl25. Getty News and Sport! Alfred Eisenstaedt pOO . Rocio Matabuena Cascajaras. C Edilooal Macmillan de Mexico. COfbisi Stephen Welstead pl38. C) Editorial Macmillan de Mexico. mechanical. Alamyl U I<nIft p7ld . CorbisI Bob Rowan 97b. Unit g: Lesson 5: Tha Logical Song Words and Music by Roger Hodgson & Richard Davies copyright CI Delicate MusiclAlmo Mllsic Corporation.

and fol low-up tasks. reflect who t hey are. challenges. and approach learning with attitude! Attitude lets you be who you really are . empowering students to become effective learners through awareness-raising activities.in English! . students will have the confidence to express t hemse lves.Attit[!]de Build Positive Attitude Ensu ring that students have a positive attitude to learning is the key to thei r success. Communicate with Attitude With so lid learni ng foundations. learning tips. Attitude engages students in a learni ng experience that is both meaningful and re levant to their current reality_ Develop w ith Attitude Attitude introduces a unique focus on the development of study and writing skills. Through a series of high -interest topics. and reflective activities.

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