Mike Sayer

Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside luke Prodromou

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~CMILLAN

leacher"s Edition'
Mike Sayer
Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside Luke Prodromou

Contents
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IV VI

Welcome to Attitude! Introduction Student's Book Contents Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Review 1 Unit4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Review 2 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Review 3 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Review 4 Songsheets Communication activities Workbook answer key Workbook audioscript

viii 6 16 26 36 38 48 58 68 70 80 90
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100 102 112 122 132 134 146 T262 T266

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Welcome to Attitude!
Dear Teacher.
Welcome to Attitude, the course that will help you transform your students from learners to successful users of English. The course follows our USER approach. where students ...

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Understand language use in context.

Strengthen communicative skills.

Explore the structures and use of the English language. Recycle and retain previously learned language.

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Understand language use in context Students must encounter language in context to see how it is used. Every lesson in Attitude begins with exposure to the language in situations which allow the user to make a personal connection with the topic. In order to take a more active role, users are often invited to comment on or discuss an aspect of the theme before any formal explanations are introduced. Strengthen communicative skills Most students evaluate their language ability by how well they can speak. Speaking starts early in Attitude and is often integrated with the other skills to encourage communication. All skills in Attitude are practiced interactively: both the listening and the reading tasks encourage student s to actively construct meaning and respond appropriately. Writing is often a forgotten skill. but in Attitude it forms an integral part of each lesson, and is given a special place in Develop your writing sections which present and practice varying aspects of the writ ing process. In the fourth lesson of each unit, students have an additional opportunity to use newly learned language in the contelct of a real life task carried out with a group of classmates. Not only do students use English to negotiate the task with their fellow students. they also further extend their command of the language by comparing their process to that of a group of native speakers they hear performing the same task. Explore the structures and use of the English language In Attitude, grammar is presented and practiced in a straightforward yet meaningful way. Students are often presented with an inductive task in which they have to figure out how the structure works in English, discovering both use and form . They then have opportunities to practice that structure and the chance to connect the language with their own world. feelings and memories. The Develop your learning section introduces further learner training techniques to help students become better learners.

previously learned language D Recycle and isretain important in language learning, but quality repetition is vital. Attitude has three built-in, Repetition very unique ways of recycling the language within and between units to ensure recall: _lesson four in every unit has been written to reintroduce and re-contelctualize the language in the previous unit, taking into account the language accumulated up to that point in the book. The aim is to reinforce understanding of the language and how it is used, through real-world tasks. _ Language is also reintroduced by the Language Resource sections found at the end of each unit. These are more than just summaries of grammar and vocabulary, they promote an active, awareness-raising process of review. - The Review units are a user-friendly way of revising. They have a test-like quality but are also varied and fun to do.
As each lesson in Attitude progresses, the language needs of the learner evolve. They need more challenging contexts in which to stretch their English to the limits. So Attitude builds on the topiCS and activities of the lesson's initial stages, focusing increasingly on freer tasks where students have the opportunity to explore the language as it relates to their own experience.

Attitude gives students a unique opportunity to find their own voice and to be who they really a re - in English'

The Authors

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Feedback
We'd love to hear how Attitude is working for you. Please send a ny comments or experiences you'd like to share with us to attitude@macmi1lan .com.

What's in Attitude?
A ttitude for students
The six levels of Attitude take learners from starter

to advanced. Each Student's Book contains twelve
units, each of which focuses on different aspects of an overall theme over four lessons. Students are

presented with content that is interesting and thought provoking, and from which language ski ll
development exercises naturally flow. Key support

for reading texts and other activities is provided
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through Glossaries and Notes. There are

A lesson from the Studenfs Book

comprehensive language Reviews and sections
developing writing and self-study skills.

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Attitude Workbooks consolidate and practice the language presented in the Student's Books. The same activities are available in a choice of print format (with audio CD), or on an interactive CD-ROM. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, reading and listening activities relate to the topics in the Student's Book. language Practice activities consolidate the language learned in a particular unit. The Grammar Summary is a useful resource fo r when a Student's Book is not to hand.

Watch w ith Attitude
Attitude DVDs offer high-interest video clips, linked in theme and content to the Student's Book. The DVD itself contains pronunciation, speaking, and everyday English activities. In addition, DVD Activity Books offer a variety of activities to guide students through the DVD. Teaching with Attitude DVDs is easy - just press play on your remote control and let students practice and learn; it's rewarding - students understand real language and culture seen in contexts that immed iately come to life; and it's fun students get to watch lV to learn!

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'" a Worksheet from the DVD Activity Book.

Attitude for teachers
Teachers working with Attitude can make use of the follo wing resources:

Attitude Teacher's Edition
An interleaved format combines the Student's Book content with all of the elements needed to make teaching with Attitude a success.

Attitude Class Audio CDs
Two CDs per level contain all the listening material associated with the Student's Book lessons. They include cover versions of the commercially available songs referred to in the text.

Attitude Resource Books
Over thirty activities from a variety of authors provide options for supplementing the Student's Book and Workbook, particularly in the areas of speaking and writing . Each activity is based on a photocopiable worksheet, and is accompanied by comprehensive instructions for its implementation.

Attitude Test CD ROM
The test CD ROM contains a wealth of testing resources to help you place students within the program and then monitor and grade their progress. Tests come in both ready to print and editable formats.

Welcome t o

_-..... "".......... .. _ . -"'.........._--.........-..-_ ----.... """ . .. -.. _..._.. '-..__ _....._--_ .. ... .. .._ _ '''---'-'' .. Plan how you will introduce and monitor the exercises..- ........ Overprinted Answers Answers for many of the exercises appear overprinted on the Student's Book page.. ......... _ .. .... -' ..<1 ... .._.. Check the aud ioscript for a listening activity.-....... -.... due to lack of space an audioscript may be located on an adjacent page.... ...-~-~--~- --.'" .... .---_-.--.. Occasionally. .. .. .. .....--_ .... .. to facilitate both planning and carrying out the lesson.. ~<.. _..--_ _ _ _--_ .......... ' _..... .......... .. .........-. . .....Introduction The Attitude Teacher's Edition can help you to • • • Check the answers to an activity..._-_ ._ ..... ~.. .......__.._--_ --""- .... _ ........ --»-_.... -.. _")0-............._. ._---.....-' __ _-_. _ 'bill'. _ _ _ _ _ ...-.... Audioscripts Wherever possible.. The Student's Book page This is reproduced full size and in color Objectives The objectives for each lesson are cont ained in a chart at top of the page. ' ...... ...'- ... Spooll..... -' --_ '---'''-'-_ . t ...--.._ _---_ ----_ ------_ _.. '......-...-__ ..... ... . .. . _ . .- ... --__---__--_...-...__--_.. ... ..·.-.... .. _ .....__ " _ .... _ ..._---"-"-.. ""-():)O_ " " " ~":!. .... .. ...._.--~-­ -~ -- :~..-.... .. "'-_..... --_. . tllI' . ~'-.......-..__ _. -----... .. . . ... .. . . Gt_ _ .- ~ @.-_.....-. .-. "'......"'-' .. .. -~... ... .... --. _.. Introduction .. ._-. 1 ."' _.. ..'----.. ..---.--_ ... --..........__._. -.~............ _....... .".. . .. _ ._-.n ---_. _....... - . • Add value to your classes with alternative presentations and additional activities._ . • r...-_.. .. .... the audioscripts are printed at the bottom of the page where they are to be used....... .. _ ..---. .-~ C!J't.. __ .--"' -__-... .. . ......_-.-....... __ ......... "'--...... .::-...:'.. ....-_-..~ .---. -_ ."".......... --~ .. __ '''---....... ...._...~-~ p..........._ . 01 ""' __ .. . --... ."..- ........... . ....-'_. ~ @ n__ oI VOII_ .._--.... l er. _ .-" dod"". .......___ .. . ... ..... 1 ..... .bo olH! -.---_... oMl.-.... .._.. .... .. .... .... .---. ~.-_.. ...... In these cases you will find a note indicating where to refer to.... - po..-....-_""" '_""'00... ---~.. _ ......_..1oo> oM t '" "'- It ' '''_ . --...... .. ..:............._......._._ . ~ ...... --__-_ " ..-::<i.. making them easy to find.._ .... __-. ...1:10 !-' 0 . _...._-~- .... ..... .. _---_ _----__---_._.. _ .... . 4 ..--.®. ..

Additional activity: activities that extend the exercises in the Student's Book are provided for you to use if time allows. sleep/sleeps. . etc. Pronunciation not e : background to the pronunciation point and ideas for further practice exercises to help students in this area. infinitive with to . etc. See Icons Explained for more details Note: The icons are intended as a guide to help you.to eat. The notes for an exercise are easy to find thanks to the color coded reference. slept. Introduction . to sleep.Icons Explained Additional Notes Within shade boxes you will find a variety of information that will be invaluable when you have time available to plan your classes in depth. Icons Icons in the margin give information on suggested classroom organization and on the comparative timings of the exercises.---' This section shows how much time ___---' remains in the lesson. sleep.is/are eating.II •• • Timing The timing icon provides three pieces of information at a glance. Presentati on alternative: frequently. This section shows how much time will have been used up at the start of the exercise. The icons you will find are as follows: Classroom organization Students work individually Students work in pairs Students work in small groups of between three and five students Students work together as a whole class t t ~. Often your own classroom situation will determine which is the most effective way to approach an activity. If while planning your lesson you decide to do things differently. is/are sleeping. A lifeline when preparation time is limited! Workbook Answers and Audioscripts At the end of the Teacher's Edition you can find the answers for the Workbook exercises and the audioscripts for the listening passages in the Workbook. simple present .ate. Attitude uses the following terminology to refer to verbs: infinit ive . Topics covered include the following: Introduce the topic: ideas are provided for you to vary the way you introduce each lesson. Often these activities invite students to contribute their own ideas. The Teacher's Edition includes icons that suggest classroom organization and how much time to allot to each exercise. etc. present progressive . etc.. This section shows how much time to dedicate to the exercise.eat/eats. Procedural Notes Real classroom research underpins the choice of what to include in the procedural notes for a given activity. we have provided plenty of space in the margin for you to make your own notes. simple past . alternatives are provided for you to vary the presentation of the exercises in the Student's Book. Quick grammar guide: background regarding the grammar point and a list of typical student errors to watch out for. and provide information that is immediately relevant to the classroom situation.eat.. etc. Often these activities can be carried out without having students refer to their Student's Books.

~ .:.~Voc ~b~ summary .:.!~~ ~:::~M ~' ulary . Vocabulary summary ~ Oe<>.!:..!::::::~.-_.. 64 Rec)de: past J)€rlect sfTl)e c:nd p-oges:sfIIe...44 Rec.. ~G = m ::..coon LiteratlK9 Cootmo""'" context lesson 3 Fad 10 fonlosy 62 Review: the passive Avoiding repetition -:.:. used with present perfect Vocabulary summary Unit 4 Longuoge Resource lesson 1 Inventions 48 Third conditIOnal Everyday oqocts Descrorg lox! 50 i' 52 ""'" Stn= 00 """"""" "'" """'" Unit 5 Language Resource Lesson 1 Foc1 or fdian? 56 58 Grammar summary.. tIYd conciticnaI .de: presslI perlecl. Lesson 4 Urban myths ~I ' U"' ~·~~~~~ esotnC ....

. - '-- Coo1pM"lg a wntten and spokeJl text ~ A_ -"'" """"" a quiz A """""'" A""""".....'''".... Develop your leaming AIoct"" A tou"gUde -""'Exctmgng rnormaticrl obout """" Mnd"..'fVie'w An Internet artiCle A discussion '- AIoct"" A"""" _....Skills Development Reading Amagazine artide An informal e-mail ~ Writing Ustening Speaking Develop your learning/Writing A". MakI'lQ' associations with ""'" "'*'- ~ and COIlIf'aStng Usng a dctionary AITWi autobiography Interviews A conversation Writing questions fa( A quiz ---"" rnormatlOO Discussing personal regrets Discu:ssng use of ceIphones '-- Short biography extracts - '- InslructOOs i Infonnal e-mails An int€........ DesIgrrog and presenUlg a .

0.. lag . WId reialrvs clauses Unit 9 Language Resource ""'" "'""" 98 Grammar summary.ctiooary work 134 146 152 158 . Vocabulary summary Ncul clauses (1) (uSi:lg wtJ-question words) lesson 1 The great picture Trnck <Yld field . Vocabulary sunmary Lesson 1 ~O 102 104 AEMew and extension: The world around us Lesson 3 GM 106 lood Unit 12 Language Resou rce 130 Grammar summary.. verbal Unit 7 language Resource 78 80 Grammar summary. 86 92 94 Recycle: linkers expressing contrast and -Ing verbs Grammar Vocabulary summary Non-de!ifvng relatrve clauses Your mage and healtl1 l esson 2 1.how Unit 8 language Resource lesson 1 Beauty Of health? . 72 L.Language Development Vocabulary .".hkefs expressng contrast ~ deso Oil IQ persalaity Intonation of feE*'lg 74 76 The --#Ig verb Recyde: ded... Vocabulary summary Songsheets Corrv'nurlcatkln acllvrties [).ctol and possbity n \he past. the pa$SIYe vocal.lace Pronunciation Body language UtSSOfl 2 Body lolk lesson 3 Dishonesty lesson 4 Interview Visuol.

O.atyzing learning styles A magazif)El article A FAO page Extracts from a science book A FADs 011 a website A college seminar '- ATV A radiO interview of cordl. face Inlervie'l-v with an expert Making inferences about _oct~ - A questionnaire A short stOl'j Job ads.~~~~--~~----~------~~~~--~---.d.Skills Development Reading A psycfloIogy article ~ Writing A detailed description Ustening Speaking Describing people's faces Develop your learning/writing of.~~~~---A radio presenter's notes A presentation Develop your writing A short report Discussing beauty and how it is maintained artiCle Anewspaper artiele A radio discussion 1 "'" ''''' of inproving All informal discussion Ar. Working IoVilh An __ Develop your learning exam leallet An informal talk A{jreeing and disagreeing """"'""" >Nith statements Discussing further educatioo i A quiz website ad Anewspaper article The writing part of an .--~~--~-----./s and interviewe!s ' notes Discussing a moral dilemma A role play An interview panel ~ Assessing candIdates Making a presentation AAI M I Using a monolingual dictionary Extracts from a sports according to Ranking photographs criteria from a martial arts A radiO phone-in M informaJ convetSation A role play --.

.Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton Artists sometimes choose the name of someone they admire. b In groups. Sometimes names are changed for marketing purposes. .. The person's real name is just too long and difficult to remember. it may be changed '-.sound very attractive . some people do take this course of action- wrote under 75 different names. but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood.1 Speaking skill s a Pu t a chock nexl to the wo rds that describe your firs t name or your last name. . if a name sounds too "foreign". exch ange information about your names. so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man . My last name .. Another reason may be practicality: in the past. Neftalf Reyes. The reason? "When I use a different name. Here are some of the most common . women found it very difficult to get published. Liz.. most people never By Alex McCarthy change their names even if they feel unhappy about them." he explained. is easy to spell. And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele. Dylan '"-" Thomas. Let's be honest. .. the reason is for social. sounds nice. Of course.. Would you advise them to keep their names or change them? Why? I Why not? William Bradley Louise Ciccone Ram6n Estevez Mary Ann Evans Neftali Reyes Robert Zimmerman Brad Pitt Madonna Martin Sheen George Eliot Pablo Neruda Bob Dylan . Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as easy to remember as just plain "Madonna" . I always write in a different way. his admiration for the Welsh poet. My first name . . 2 Reading skill s . b Read the article below. is fashionable.g.. . political. or cultural reasons. .. . is easy to pronounce.. has a meaning.. . has a diminutive. Ram6n Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen . historical. To avoid this situation they sometimes gave themselves men's names... however. take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa. .. Bob. Or maybe the artist's real name doesn't '-.. For example. such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile.. Find the names that these peop le use. In most cases. e.. a Imagine you are an agent for unknown actors and singers. Look at some names of your new clients. So in the film world.. However. Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth. At other times the reason may appear eccentric. is common in my country. who Unit 1 You and me ... .. He didn't want his father to know he was writing poetry.. so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot...to something that is more recognizable in a market. is traditional. and she did get her books publ ished! GLOSSARY pseudonym an invented name that an arti~t uses publicly instead of their real name particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it's for purely personal reasons. Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Bob Dylan because 0". .

Model what you want the students to say. simple past Speaking exchanging information about names Write your nome on the board and tel! students something about it This provides a good model to help students do Exercise lb_ For example. I really like my name. Then put students in groups of three or four to do Exercise tb. liz. It's difficult to spell and pronounce. They could either take turns to summarize information. Allow a few minutes. Ask whether anybody knows by what name any of these people are better known. My name is Elizabeth Mon tgomery.Objectives Grammar Topic: names Pronunciation sentence stress Reading a magazine article simple present. You ond me T6 Unit 1 . Read aloud the task in Exercise 2b. or they could ask and answer questions. My first nome's a traditional nome and pretty common but not vef}' popular. Encourage students to focus on finding the names. Lizzie. Elizabeth hos many diminutives. Tell students that these are the real names of well-known stars. Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to check the words that describe their names in Exercise la. Beth. 2 Reading skills Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a in pairs. not worrying about words they don't know. and then get brief feedback from the class. [s your first name fashionable? No. not really. My name is quite common but not very fashionable. Set a time limit for the reading (four minutes) to make sure that students read quickly.

I R6 like il. She like . like articles. Students may forget to use do/n'll/doesln'l} and did!n'l! when forming questions and negatives. She does likes . 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past Have students match the sentences with the definitions in Exercise 3a. Addrtional activity Ask students 10 listen and check their answers. break it down inlo simpler stages. students at this level regularly make errors with certain forms that they need to be reminded of. auxiliary verbs. to underline all/he verbs in sentences 1to 6.l'e you Ihal nickname? English uses auxiliary verbs for emphasis. are not stressed. Then ask them to decide which verbs ore in the simple present and . .. Stressed syllables are given much greater weight than weak syllables. 0 Q pop slor Q movies/or a politician a foolball player Q leacher \'-----~ \~'-------~ Do you like the name? What does your fomily call you? A So what does your fomily call you? B They call me "Buzz: A "Buzz?" Why do they call you -Buzz"? B Because when I was a kid. Tell students to try saying the sentences to each other in an exaggerated "English" way to help them work out which words might be stressed.. 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress Quickpronunciation guide English is a stress-timed language. Go around the class and help stu dents. This moy be a new area for students to grasp. Quick grammar guide: The use and form of the simple present and simple post are. An swers: Verbs and nouns are stressed. simple past Common prob4ems ond errors Students often forgelthe third person form.•. simple present. She ~ have... ask students to match the sentences with the definitions. Speakers of some languages tend not to give the strong syllables enough emphasis and give too much stress to weak syllables.Ask slurlents to do Exercise le. Ask them to work individually and then compare their answers with a partner. II is important to get students to exaggerate the stress when practicing pronunciation. and connecting words. review. Then have thorn check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. 14IR}' 1R~' fJ. Final~... Ask students to complete Exercise 3b individually. ask them if they can tell you the answer to the questions in Exercise 4b .-hich verbs are in the simple post. 5 Speaking skills Ask students 10 discuss the topics in small groups and tllCn report their findings 10 the class.. of course. After students have listened to and noticed the stressed words in the sentences in Exercise 4a . Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. Do this in groups or as a whole class. You could osk them 10 think of a nome in English or their own language. Ask students to work in pairs to mark the stresses in the conversation in Exercise 4c . Words that don't carry the main meaning of the sentence. Play the audio for Exercise 4d a second time so that students can listen and repeat. However. Ask students in their groups to decide what they think would be the perfect pseudonym for peaple who wont 1 do the following iobs. If you feel thai siudenls may find this matching losk difficult. Some students may still be translating word for word from their own language. I mode that sound when I played with my corso A Do you like the nome? Unit] T7 You ond me . and it is an area in which it is easy to make errors in form.. F ask students irst. t ·· a Presentation alternative Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d .

when children play with cars they nonnally 3 . I 7 like (like) it. but I wouldn't want my friends to call me "Buzz"! .. A And 6 --.. b 2 Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton. repeated action a fact that is always true a present feeling or desire a continuous situation or a repeated action that is now finish ed f a present fact that the speaker wants to emphasize b Complete the conversation with the simple present or simple past. __ L _ 51 . Brad Pitt. c (j I feel unhappy about my name. " .c Who said these things? Read the article again and 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress write the pseudonyms. George Eliot 4 Basically. A So what do your frien ds and family call you? B My friends here at college always 1 ~ (call) me Richard.g.. but when I was a child I always 4 said (say) Buzz.. don'.) are stressed more than others. (say) Brooomm. d a b c d c a single action that is now finished a regular.. women found it very difficult to get published. A Do you lit e the n: me? • • • • d Listen and check your answers. {fI.". Notice how some words in the sentence one possible name. I changed it to make it sound more •• "A . b Tell the class about anything interesting you discovered. what? 2 Which names in the article do you like the most? Why? 3 Would you ever change your name? Why? I Why not? o What does your fami ly call you? b Which kind of words are stressed. 1 Oid anything in the article surprise you? If so. A "Bt!zz"? Why do they c: ll you "B ~zz"? B Becat se when I was a k!d I made that sound when I played with my c: rs. talk about the following: 1 your first name and how you got it. nouns. you think? Ma donna. (There may be more than a Listen. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past a Match the sentences with the correct definition. A So what does your family call you? B They call me " Buzz". So they called me "Buzz". a 5 In the past. 1 Artists often change their name.. 2 It's much easier for people to remember. Pablo Neruda 5 I always admired him so that's why I adopted his name. A "Buzz"? Why 2 did they ~ (give) you that nickname? 8 Well. Pele •• 3 The change means I can get my work published. e.!l!!.~ Do you like the name? \1' mencan .. 5 Speaking skills a In groups. A Weird! And when did they give you your nickname? B When I 5 w as (be) about four. 2 your nickname and how you got it. Then repeat.. Bob Dylan d DisCllss these questio ns. c 4 He changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man.aYU'~ nee. r 3 The Earth moves around the sun once every 365 days. but my family calls me "Buzz". you like (like) the name? B Hmm. I made the change because of my father.BY. 1 Well. verbs... articles? Why? c Mark the stressed words in this conversation.

. e Choose the best answer. is there any truth in graphology? irritating lonely organized proud realistic relaxed romantic serious shy Positive attractive V organized cooperative V realistic friendly .. neutral.1: in "' . relaxed t/ Neutral Negative active proud serious boring cold ttl' conservative irritating lonely USEFUL lANGUAGE Are you a shy person? generous V" independent romantic shy b Use the adjectives to describe yourself or someone you know. 1 The average handwriting is 3mm in height.· Lesson 2 Signatures 2 Listening skill s a Write one of your answers from Exercise 1c onto a piece of paper and add your signatlUe. discuss the results.. I'd hate to be shy because it makes communication very difficult. .. Are the descriptions correct for you and your partner? d In your opinion. or negative meaning? Write them in the correct column. active attractive boring cold conservative cooperative friendly generous independent 3 Speaking skills a Complete the table on the opposite page for yourself by checking the "Me" column. baseball and Jane feels 6 Rob watches a lot okay about it I rritated by I .Ch" "g r'" C' . btll . How do yo u think they are feeling? Listen again. Put a check by the adjectives in Exercise 1a that describe Jane.hearted... Complete the "Partner" column. <lliE!Jj) 3 Rob treats Jane's comments seriously 1 4 Rob wants to ~I talk to fan e.. 5 The analysis of Jane's handwriting suggests her personality is €§>! difficult. yes. 1 Vocabulary : adjecti ves describing perso na lity a Do you think the adjectives in the box have a positive. \Vel/. but I'm not! I waste a lot of time. I'm kind of relaxed because I think !Jfe is too short to worry. According 10 the /{Jble . c.. for leiters such as a.¥I9' C}v~ or is it (in one sentence)? Listen to a couple talking. 5mall or average ? 2 Does your handwriting the left? slope to the right or 3 Are your letters ~ or 4 Do your leiters have separate ? ? b !t)(yJ~'~ 5 Does your hJ"1'\! always the sa me Lt"' <. c In pairs. b Now compare your handwriting with other students.. 1 Rob is reading 1< a .... Unill You and me .. My cousin Mary is very irritating. Is yours large.. generally speaking. She can talk for hours and that drives me crazy! c Which adjectives would you most like to be and which would you most hate to be? I'd love to be organized. b Look at your partner's handwriting sample from Exercise 2a... "--' you tend to be serious.. No !I'oy! flll/lJore light. 2 Jane finds graphology nterestm boring. n .

\1' 3 Speaking ski lls Have st udents do Exercises 3a and3b individually. ask: Checking meaning Whot is the OPPOSite of boring? Which word is the opposite of outgoing and sociable? (shyl Which word means that you feel alone and friendless? (Ionelyl My class got the best grodes in the exom. ask s tudonts to write the sentence and their signature on Il separate picce of paper. Play the audio again if s tuden ts are not sure abou t some of tho answers. Thon give students the correct answers by read ing tho words aloud clearly. Ask students to mark \ho strong stress in cach word. Rob Friendly. How do I feel? (proudl Give s tudents a few minutes to think of things to say for the task in Exercise lb. Rob Gropho·whot? Jane Graphology. Jane You're always watching it! Rob Oh. oncourage students to make guesses beforo using a diclionary to chock answers they are not sure of. Rob. Rob Well. shy. look ot this. Rob rm watching the game! Jone rm just doing this quiz obout graphology. Jane And you know I've got kind of large hondwriling . Rob Well.. you're doing very well. Ask them to write at least two sentences.lIId help studenls with ideas. but encourage them to think of more.. my \. Ask students to work in pa irs to share ideas for ExeN:ise le . honey.. Ask s tu den ts to do Exercise 2e individually and then check with a partner. Rob Oh. Put stude nts in pairs to share their ideas. What else? Jane Well. er .. Ans we rs: Rob is feeling mUlO yed becaus e he wants to wat ch the game . look. Jane If means rm serious ond generous. Words thot may need checking ore: boring. The n ask students to do Exercise 2d . right. somebody students don'. Go a rou nd the class .' Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing personality Reading on informal e·moil present progressive Ustening a conversotion Speaking analyzing and discussing hondwriting Before the lesson.ho is unin teres ted in what Jane is say ing. Use questions in English to check students' understanding of these words. Jane You're olways watching baseball when I right? Jane Rob! Well. lonely. So whot does thot mean? Jane Hey. I knew thol anyway. Use (] photocopier 10 enlarge the signature. and . actually il means I'm friendly and attractive. Put students in pairs or small grou ps to compare their handwriting and disc uss tho ques tions in Exercise 2b. showing the prolluncialion and stress. so students should be able to guess their meaning. Really interesting. modest? Jane And my hondwriting is connected.. kind of like this. and tope it 10 the board to start the doss. Ask students Do you think v. draw attention to the Usefu l Language box. Rob Yes. 2 Listening skills For ExeN:ise 2a . ask. . attractive. 3'--------------------------------------------------------. Jane No. You know. and then ask students to answer the gist question. Too serious. Before doing Exercise 3e. Then as k a few s tudents to te ll the class what their partner told thom. you dor'lll You watch baseball f?'Iery cloy' Rob Jane! You and me T8 Unitl . Most of these words ore cognates.YI"iling slopes to the right. want to talk! Rob I only watch baseball on<e 0 week. know to write their signature 00 (] piece 01 paper. I know. and then as k a few s tudents to lellthe class whal Ihey wro te.. Thol means yau're a great person. Rob Okay. June is feeling annoyed and upse! Uocauso Rob isn't lis ten ing to he r.mich means rm relaxed and cooperotive.'-. Play tho audio again. trs finishing now.'e can Iell a 101 about a person from a signature? IMlaI sex is this person? What can you say about hislhet personality? InfTOducethetopic 1 Vocabulary: adjec li ves describing personality For Exercise la . proud. hondwrifing and personolity.. oren" '/OO? But I want 'A watch this game. not in their notebooks. For example. They will need to pass their handwriting sample to other students in the class. Play the aud io for Exercise 2c . don't exaggerate! I only watch ~ once a week..

" She's seeing Dave Jenkins next Saturday. After checking the answers. go through the rules in the Language Note. Here. and verbs of possession Ihave. Hold a feedback session with the whole class for Exercise 5d . I am Argentinian (always!. ti 5 Reading skills Set the scene for Exe rcise 5a by asking students to look at the e·mail and by asking a few simple questions: Who is writing? Who is she writing to? What subject is she writing about? Ask students to check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. repeated action A futuro arrangement 2 3 Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 5b in pairs. believe!. hole. ore useful groupings of slalive verbs. love. Hero. progressive Common problems and etTOrs Students translate directly from their first language and use the simple present to refer to the future. Know is a stalive verb. 4 An irritat ing habit 5 617 A regular. I ¥isiI my friends next Solurday. belong. 2 3 4 They are friends. Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 4b in pairs. it is a temporary situation. As students report their answers to the class. Then check the answers in pairs before going through them with the whole class. so. Quick grammar guide: present The use of the present progressive in English to refer 10 future arrangements may confuse students. make sure they understand that a pain is a very annoying persoll. Before students do Exercise 5c. believe. wish). I like French fries (always). Basically. I have blue eyes lalways!. Ask students if they can think of any other stative verbs (for example. She is 100 busy to write at other times. won~. Students have a problem recognizing and remembering when a verb is active or stative. Answers: 1 • Answers: 1 Here. She feels tired because she's working so hard. stative verbs tend to express permanency. we use present progressive to describe something happening now.4 Grammar rev iew and extension : present progressive Ask students to do Exercise 4a individually. Unit 1 T9 You and me . Verbs of the mind (think" know. hear. She feels irritated with Jenny because she is "a pain . own. ask them why they chose each tense. have is a stative verb. verbs of emotion llike.

active. the same irregular. . likes money M. a good friend relaxed. There's a guy in my closs wha thinks he knows everything. 1 I can 'I go for a walk right now because a This describes a situation thai is developing or I'm studying for an exam. seein])him next Saturday night ! Write soon. but in fact he's always complainin e s suppose I make rench he never doe / she's never doing anything . relaxed strong. life isn't all bad. It's midn ight and I'm tired but 1 I write I'm writing a you 'nee I'm now beca~. conservative warm.Characteristic 1 2 Example Meaning serious. b There are some mistakes in the senlences below.i'im:~~ e c Tell your partner about someone you know who is "a pain"./ ". It's only or a ew weeks but it's horrible. irritable romantic. LANGUAGE NOTE Stative verbs are not normally used in the progressive form because the speaker is describing "states" and not "actions". I work like a slave ! There's this girl I work with. a fast food place. changing. I want 1 Mmm .. d This describes an irritating habit thai someone has. Correct the wrong ones. . Answer the questions. X I have 5 She's very rich ! She owns three houses and two apartments! V' 6 I'm being tired and am wanting to go on vacation. disciplined independent cooperative. apartment. 3 You're always watching baseball! --_~/'\/ c This describes a definite arrangement that will 4 I'm staying with a friend until I find happen in the future. 2 The rate of inflation is rising quickly now. changes large 3 4 "'"" ~ upright ~ 5 6 7 re9ular ir re filar 8 •• big loops ~ . X I'm tired.~h~J. a do the (l:!!!. she always complains I'm making the bur fries. Jane You and me Unit] .. e This describes an action happening now. b Read the e-mail again. delicious. Partner large handwriting small handwriting slopes to the right slopes to the left upright connected regular. S I'm seeing my parenls n ext weekend . V' 4 I'm having two brothers and a sister. 10 small loops ( / rI~.t's1>he only time I have to do an so busy! I have V I'm having a new job 'm workin I work at Faa 0 Go. " ( writ!"!? '- 4 Grammar review and extension: present progressive a Match these examples of the present progressive with their meanings. He's always interrupting the teacher. Choose the correct tense. I belong to a tennis club . X 5 Reading skills a Read jane's e-mail to Maureen. I like this wine. Jenny Carpenter? She' now t. 1 What is the relationsh ip between Maureen and Jane? 2 Why is Jane writing so late al night? 3 How does Jane feel? Why? 4 What is Jane's good news'? Hi Maureen. 2 Are you knowing that strange man across the street? X Do you know 3 I see what you mean. creative. Put a check next to the correct sentences. Remem ber Dave Jen kins? 8 I see / Love. d Share your stories with the cJflSS. creative realistic. I think 4 you're knowing you know her. liberal. friendly shy./ X Mmm. delicious. generous modes!. I'm liking Ihis wine. proud.). I'm belonging to a tennis club. ::=wa y. b This describes a temporary situation or activity.

say Coffee. Why? I think that blue is a calm calor. aggressive) 6 gray (respectable. ~ please. blue. black. white.:.brown.:mill. brown. I agree that blue is cold . yellow b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 14. death-like) b Think of other adjectives that you associate with these colors. fun) 7 black (unhappy. you caP _ ea- 2 Speaking skills a We often associate words. say white coffee. blond.. hazel. U you want coffoo with . e- Unit 1 You and me . groon. negative) 8 white (pure. red. gray. dull) 5 red (loving. cold) 2 brown (warm. especially adjectives. with colors. bappy) 4 green (polluting. fri endly) 3 yellow (qujet. Do you agree or disagree with the descriptions of the colors below? Give reasons. If you wanl coffee witho~ milk. yellow LANGUAGE NOTE - eggs wine coffee meat bread eyes hair people (skin color) eggs . white. 1 blue (radical. please (or Coffee with cream). rose.blue eyes can be cold. say Black coffee.. light. It's a good color fo r bedrooms.eo- - 1 Vocabulary: colors a What color terms do you associate with tho items in the box? Make combinations with these words. dark. In British English.

-- - . we use it to talk about unhappy feelings and unhappy situations. we feel there is no light. as I said before. Why? Well. Colors affect our lives and our feelings in many wafS. In most Western cultures. and it gives us energy. Now. In such situations. It's the color of death. this is probably the strongest color of all . slightly green color. t just wont to say that color is not on internolioool concept. Noto: hazel is a light brown. •• Mako sure students find the corroct section of the Vocabulary Summary on page 14 for Exercise lb. the association . Okay. Now bock to my lillie experiment. we associate this calor with powerful emotions like anger. But what Ihat color means . In our cuUure.. butI'm not 0 going to menlioo the names ollhe colors! See if you can guesS !he IWo colors I'm lalking about.-. And within one culture. Irs the color 01 fire and it gives heal. tel's begin with color number one.. I will look at how color is interpreted In different ways by different cultures. and that we often refer to the planet Mars with this color. For Exercise 3 on page 11 :::. Now for the second color.Objectives Vocabulary colors and color collocations Topic: colors Writing a paragraph Ustening a lecture Speaking making associations with colors Ask a few personalized questions 1 sellhe topic for the lesson: Whars your favorite color? Why? Are there 0 Introduce the topic any colors you don't/ike? What colors do you generally wear? What color is your bedroom? 1 Vocabulary: colors Direct students' attention to lho Language Note before asking them to do Exercise 1 a in pairs.. I wont 10 ploy a lillie game with you. Bul as you will see taler in this talk. Brie ny elicit answers from the class.. we all shore the some associations.. 2 Speaking skills Discuss the first color (blue) as a class to get students started. lers start. very different In the second port of this lecture. In the first part of this lalk. you see. irs the color of evil. And what do you calithatlype of humor that laughs at terrible things in life. Bul before t begin. no! all cultures see colors in the some way. whal do I mean when I soy that color is not an international concept? The color red is the some for a person from Thailand and a person from Venezuela. I'm going 1 talk oboul two different colors. such as dealh and wor? So. In most cultures. As on experiment.the king of colors! We associate it with strong emotians such as anger and passion. II is no accident that "The God of War"" is named Mars. we'liloak at the role of colors in our life. Can you guess the two colors I wos talking about? You and me T 10 Unill . "'--- . We also associate the color with high temperatures! It's also the color of love and revolution. only darkness. Irs also the color 01 wor. Okay. the idea is tha t you eat fa st and go. Then ask stu dents to work in pairs to do the tasks in Exercises 28 and 2b .. Irs no accident that many fast food restaurants are often painted in Ihis color. this color means sadness. this color rePfesents alilhot is dork and negotive in our world.----. can be very. and irs no surpl"ise that at a funeral most people wear this color. Welcome to the first lecture on ·CoIors and Culture: We're going to explore the ossocia1ions thot colors have in our culture today.

so. blue hos a complele1y different meaning. For Exercise l e. As students take notes in Exercise 4b. Okay. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Once you have discussed the answers with the class. Unill T 11 You and me . blue is associated with peace and tranquility.tIite usually means something pure and cleon. Lers toke another example: blue in the United States is associated with sadness . While is now also becoming common 01 weddings. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class.-. white also has associations with being born again . islonds. of lhe blue Mediterranean $eo and the bright blue skies.. \'. however. Encourage them to practice using English to talk about their own culture. The texts can then be returned to their writers.think. . You cou ld guess from the colors' associations. Students cou ld compare their notes with lhose of a partner before doing Exercise 4c.S" you'll see peaple dressed in block at funerals. So in most cultures in the U. helping students with ideas and vocabulary. Allow students to hear the audio only once to answer the gist question in Exercise 3b. and they ore stunningly beautiful. irs a happy color.we talk about feeling blue when we feel sod or depressed.. check students understand thai fiery refors to colors associated with fire and that JlOvy blue is a dark blue color traditionally used in sailors' uniforms. a lot of the hooses are pointed in while and blue.. In the States. Answers: The speaker talks about red and black.-----.. white represents deoth. 3 Listening skills Encourage lots of speculation in Exercise 3a as students try to predict the content of the lecture from the litle.. but when you go to Japan you realize Ihat white hos completely different associations .. On lhe Greek. For Exercise 4d distribute the paragraphs randomly so that each student has a piece of writing that be longs to another student . let them listen again.. it is associated with rebirth. and we even hove a type of music coiled "the blues" . let me give you on example -the color white. but in contrast in Japan you con see people wearing white.'--. And that purity is symbolized in a bride when she wears white in a "white wedding: We might also soy thot her cheroder is -whiter than white" or "as white as snow: Now thors in the United States.ouse life and death are connected.. But be<. lers turn to the ideo that different cultures interpret colors in different ways.which originated from the sadness of the slaves in the southern Stotes. You con understand this .like. for example. Start rhe next lesson by handing OUIthe texts at random and asking students to read and guess rhe writer. A 'white wedding' is on interesting example of how one culture will be inftuenced by another culture and "barrow" or adopt a new custom. in some cultures. but this is nattradilional. you may need to play the audio twice before students get all the answers. o T 4 Writing skills Before doing Exercise 4a . After students hove wrinen their texts. In Greece.. for the Japanese. go around the class. -oltemattve The oudioscript for Track 4 is on page no II. collect them and correct them.

1 What do blue and white mean in your country? 2 What do you personally associate with these colors? 3 Do you have any expressions in you r langu age related to these colors'? What are they? Can you think of expressions related to other colors? 4 What other colors have sp ecial mean ings in your country? Are there expressions related to these colors? '- 4 Writing skills a Read this short text.S.3 Listening skills o a You are going to listen to part of a lecture on "Colors and Culture". d Give your paper to the teacher. don't you like and wh y? 4 Do the colors of your clothes represent your personality? Why? / Why n ot? c Use your notes to write a short paragraph like the one in Exercise 4a. if any. 9 wfui:e -wed. Listen and complete them. tranquill ity. 2 Ilu!an 3 U·S. 4 G>eec£ 5 PIICb': 6 deat h 7 sadness 8 peace. \1' c r--1 'Wbit~ U. What do you thi nk the speaker will talk about? b Listen to Part 1 of the lecture.l[ 12 dep ressed the flues called hOllses painted blue & w hite 14 "--- d Discuss these ques tions.dings whiter than white 11 funera ls feelin~ blue = sa or 13 m USiC 10 I<ha [ a!O!!. 1 How imp ortant is the color of clothes to you? 2 What colors do you tend to wear and why? 3 What colors in clothes. Wh ich two colors does the speaker talk about? How did you guess? Look at th e notes a studen t made on Part 2 of "Colors and Culture". Can the other students guess who the writer is? Youond me Unit l . Read out th e paper your teacher gives to you. Would you be attracted to this person? Why? I Why not? b Make notes on these questions. happiness /mdes.

I like it because of Lhe . 3 Both paintings have a similar theme 4 Red is the color of love and passion Unitl You and me . the city the country fashion landscapes passion portraits scheme seascapes theme the lown 4 Feedback Report the differences you found to the class... o 5 Compare 3 Prepare In pairs.. the colors.1 Warm up a In pairs. I like it because of the In the foreground/backgroun d you can see. An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painting (by ... She's wearing . ~ b Read the sentences below and complete them with some of the words from the box. ) An abstract work A self-portrait (of. Then listen to the tour guide again and check your answers.. quickly find as many differences as you can between the two paintings above and write them down. II shows . ...... A water color An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painling (by . .. write a short description comparing and contrasting the two paintings. An abstract work A self· portrait (of . A water color It's a picture of two She's wearing . I think irs Gennan . .. Phrases describing paintings U's a picture oflwo . How many of your points does the speaker mention? Make a note of the points you missed.. Types of painting b Discuss these ques tions. 1 Do you have a favorite artist? Who is it? What type of work does/did the person do? 2 Do you have a favorite painting? Talk about it. and the clothes a Listen to a tour guide talking to visitors in an art gallery... In the foregroundlllacksround you can see .. 1 Renoir painted portraits and landscapes 2 The two paintings show dancers in the city and in the country . J It shows . 1 [ think it's German.) 2 Task In groups. Listen to the other pairs and note down any differences that you didn't find. . put the words and phrases into the appropriate category in the tahle. Use tbese categories: The people and the place The activities The feelings..

Once students are seated. Put them on the classroom walls at the start of the lesson. the man is wearing a black suit and the woman is wearing a light dress. Let students compare their notes in pairs before discussing as a class. Ask students to listen and note the points the speaker mentions. a few to tell the class which painting they liked and why. the woman is wearing a red hat and gloves . In both paintings. check that they have understood portrait (a painting of a person).Objectives Grammar Topic: art Reading comparing a written and spoken text Writing Ustening a tour guide simple present. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise I b as a brief open class activity. The oudioscript for Track 6 is on page Tl3 '!II You and me T 12 Unitl . Ask students to walk around the class. The feelings. self-portrait (a painting of the artist by the artist). 4 Feedback Ask a few pairs to stand up and tell the class what differences they found. The man looks passionate and in love with the woman. cui from magazines. In both paintings. present progressive a comparative description Speaking comparing and contrasting paintings Bring in pictures of famous paintings. In the first painting. ask. helping with vocabulary and language use. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 5a. as students write their descriptions. simple post. Give a short time limit. you can see plants in the background. The woman in the second painting seems cold and uninterested. and decide on their favorite. the colors. The woman in the second painting is wearing a beautiful dress and white gloves . and the clothes The woman in the first painting seems happy. Then put students in small groups to extend the lists. Model answer: The people and the place I the activities Both paintings show a man and woman dancing. Encourage the rest of the class to take brief notes as they listen . In the first painting. they are outside. whereas in the second painting they are in a very grand building .she's holding a fan.perhaps a ballroom. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exer cise s b before playing the audjo again so that they can check their answers. look 01 the paintings. 2 Task Get students started by eliciting two or three differences from the class and writing them on the board. and landscape (a painting of a scene in the country). When students report back to the class. 3 Prepare Go around the class. say four minutes.she is probably richer and more sophisticated than the woman in the first picture. Introducelhe Iopk 1 Warm up Ask students to do Exercise 1a in pairs.

•• 6 Notice Be fore asking students to do Exercise 6a. get the feeling that the firsl woman is crazy about him ". and he is standing very close to lhe young lady. os mony of you will know. butlhere ore some . As you know. he mostly pointed por1raits and landscapes. Ask students to work in pairs or small groups.this one.. but the other one seems kind of bored so we . You can see Ihe first one's smiling and seems really happy. Additional activity Imaginary art gallery. in love with lhe man. we can'! really see fhe man's foce at 011. Okay. The 6rst !hing. but there's also red in her fan. and the second one is called Donee in the Cityand . uh...... He painted all kinds of pictures. Remind students to usc the headings from exorcise 3 011 pago 12. Culture note The pointing in lhe righl-hond margin of Ihis page is Picadilly Orcus by laurence Stephen lowry (1887-19761. So. Divide the closs into groups of four.... uh .. if we turn 1 the 0 second picture. kind of . Ask students to open Their eyes and toke turns describing lheir painting.. we . uh. particularly Renoir's use of red. so tho! shows us . uh . leI's begin by looking at the people.. a famous British painter who specialized in crowded urban scenes.. II could be a famous painting or a completety imaginary one. you said thaI Renoir . but. Okay.. can I just ask you a question? There's something I don'l understand here . now So Kind of this one okay? Exercise 6c can be conducted as an open class discussion . in Donce in the City. help them identify where the lexts are from and that Text B is a transcript of an oral texl. uh . of . uh. Tell each group lho! they are in the middle of on art gallery. right? In Donce in the City. red is Ihe color of love.. Dance in IheCounlry we can see his foce.. . and Renoir often uses the color red in this way... He has a beard.. Afterwords. •• 7 Follow up If you brought in painti ngs to start the lesson. Co around lhe class and help. so . encourage students ilOilO look al their written descriptions as Ihey speak. now here we see IWO of Renoir's besl·known paintings: the first one Is called Donee in the Counlry. find ouf which students in each group really broughl their paintings to life. we notice is lhe mon in the first pidure. Also cIlcollrllge Ihem to usc tho phrases they identified in Exercise 6b. Now.. now. Unill T1 3 Yovondme . He was. uh . Tourist 2 Sorry. b Suggested answers: Okay. passion. Tourist l in love? Sorry to interrupt. uh . Ask students to close their eyes and imagine one of the paintings they can see. For Exerc ise Sa on page 12 1't Tour guide Now. um . Tell students 10 think carefully about how Ihey are going to describe the painting to other people. look at Dance in the Countryogoin and nolice the colors. surrounded by painlings. as you can see they both have a similar ". .... interesting differences.. uh . ..one of the best.. we can see tha t the colors are generally more somber. For Exercise G ask students to work in pairs.. Iheme: young couples dancing. Have them choose a painti ng and make notes to describe it. you see there? Oh yes. Okay. the first thing we nolice is the woman's red bonne!.. Renoir was 0 French Impressionist . Notice that in bo!h pictures we hove a young couple dancing. To make the presentations in Exercise 7b more natural. Dance in the City. okay. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. uh . but how do we know she's in love? Guide How do we know she's in love? Well.. now look carefully ollhis girl and compare her to Ihe girl in the other picture. you could refer to them again for Exercise 7a.. and she's wearing a long dress with a pattern of red flowers. Guide Yes? Tourist 2 Well.

both feature a young couple dancing.. The assumption is that the first woman is in love with her partner whereas b What expressions are typical of the spoken text? okay. uh .. two of Renoir's most famous paintings. in Dance in the City.. uh . Despite similarities in theme. Okay. died Cagnes. b Present your description of the painting to the class.. Renoir. 7 Follow up a In pairs or small groups. Tour guide Now as many of you will know. Make a list of differences between the two texts. he has a beard and he is standing very close to the young lady.. now. F rance. whereas the young woman in Dance in the City appears somewhat uninterested. Don't just read out the written description .. uh . now. . we can't really see the man's face at all..6 Notice a Compare the written and spoken texts about the artist. as you can see they both have a similar. Okay. but.ing at the people. there are several interesting differences between the paintings..one of the best.. theme: young couples dancing. one can see a bearded man dancing very close to a smiling young woman.remember that spoken English is different from written English! You and me Unit 1 . Renoir was a French Impressionist .. uh . but he mostly painted portraits and landscapes. .. okay? In Dance in the City.we can see his face. uh.. get the feeing that the first woman is crazy about him . Renoir primarily painted portraits and landscapes. choose one of the paintings on this page (or one your teacher gives you). One of the greatest French impressionists... He painted all kinds of pictures. c Give examples of similar expressions in your own language. The first thing. in love with the man. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. now look carefully at this girl and compare her to the girl in the other picture.. Dance in the Country and Dance in the City. 1841. Okay.. but the other one seems kind of bored so we.. um . He was. interesting differences. now here we see two of Renoir's best -known paintings: the first one is called Dance in the Country and the second one is called Dance in the City and . let's begin by IooI<. Okay... we . make notes on it then write a short description of it. uh.. Notice that in both pictures we have a young coup~ dancing but there are some . kind of .. uh . uh. we notice is the man in the first picture -this one. .. You can see the first one's smiling and seems really happy. Auguste Renoir: born Umoges. Dance in the Country ... so . uh . Together. 19 19. In the former. This young woman appears extremely happy.

Affirmative: I'm reading a really interesting book right now.". phi your best friend your mother or lather -+ 3 Review and extension of the present progressive coffee m eat b read eyes Use • • • pro"ad A lot 01 verbs have an irregul<v past form. '00. brown. blond. black. Jeff is always turning up late these clays. but he can't walk yet.JAC:.nite. Negative: We aren 't reading vet)' much right now. 1 "Vv'hat are you majoring in?" "I'm majoring in history: V V 2 These tomato plants are growing very quickly if the weather's good.live """" romantic cooservative quiet radical dul sad rod cooperative sboog modest attractive """" bomg irritable ~"" Negative: We didn 't m eet until pretty /ate In the evening. tell -+ told. feelings and desires at the IJ(esent tine: I want a break. dark. rose black. probably because her mother is getting sicker and she's worried. sad) black. · it's getting botter 6 I'm never telling people my nickname -I hate it! I never tell Emphatic: We do wa nt you to s tay longer .. I usuaRy watch comedies. red. blue. Neutral realistic ~ined Negative irritating """""" -..it's just th81 we won't be here. I feel tired. buy -+ bought. """" act"" ""'" """""""" "" w""' """.we're having a fami ly dinner. Vllhat are you doing? a temporary situation or actMty: My sister is living in France right now. not nine! Fo.. white. which you need 10 learn: go -+ went. fT'IO. green. Question: Does she work hard? Do they work through lunch? V 5 "How's Kevin's leg?" "OIl. Negative: She doesn't work on the weekend. I work as an engineer. dark .0 • emphasizing a fact/feeing: You did say you'd moot me at eight. They don't worle /ate very often. regular actions: I often go to the movies.". rootioe..I hate itl 2 Review and extension of simple past Use Vocabulary Summary 1 Adjectives: personality Posffive • a single action in the past that is now finished: We went to a bar last night. hazel. v. Her two friends work there.. They often diedyoung. 4 Our neighbors are always playing loud music late at night and it really annoys me. Affkmative: We m e t friends and had pizza last night. stay -+ stayed -+ liked. tired.. black (German dark rye bread) an action happening now: I'm reading about grammar. These tomato plants grow very quickly if the Fo.flite. eat -+ ate. b c d e The soo riSes in the east and sets in the west. weather's good . things that are true: • an irritating habit that someone has: You're &Ways interrupting me. it gets better.en) brown. carry -+ carried With one-sylLable verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant.". She's studying French art and architecture. remove -y and add -ied: study -+ studied. yellow. drink -+ 2 Collocations with colors eggs wine wtYte. gray. white (British English onty) reel. gray. • a continuous situation or repeated action that is now firished: People lived in poverty in those days. people my nickname . a situation that is developing or changing: Susan is losing a lot of weight. """ '''''''' """""""" urI1appy happy Question: Did you meet them at the restaurant? Emphatic: I did call you! Note the spelling rules for regular past forms: With most verbs. white.E RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of simple present Use a facts. brown (tan from the sun). Affirmative: She w orks in a bank. I'm surell do love you! QuestiOn: Are you reading anything good? Is the use o r the te n ses in these sente nces c orrect? Put a c heck by th e correct senten ces and correct th e wrong o nes. add -ed: look With verbs ending in -e. • a definite anangeo"Ie(ll for the future: We're leaving at six tomorrow morning and meeting the others at the airport. brown reel.Ie -+ maved Cho o se three adjectives that describe each of thes e people: yoo With verbs ending in consonant + -y. brown. Fo. emphaSizing a fact/feeling: He does live'here. double the consonant: plan -+ planned. lighVdarI< hair people (s kin c olor) Unit 1 You and me . permanent situations and states: lINe in BtaziI. white. red (sleepy. dark (chid<. add -d: like organized "'m respectable -+ looked. light.. 3 I can't see you ton ight .

I.£'1m1e 'm?Yd. or ? I would use a dictionary every lime: 1 I see a word or phrase that I don'. which ones? Bl ack: noun. 1 Can any of the "color adjectives" be nouns or verbs? If so. bl ue c How many meanings do the adjectives black and green have in the dictionary entries? 7 d What do you think the f(jlowing phrases ~n Italic) mean? Check your ideas in the dictionary entries.ent Pronunc iation 3: gen ·er-ous 4 : re-spec·ta·ble 8en-er -011s re-spec·ta-bJe ro-m -an-tic dis-ci-plined uD-hap.Using a dictionary 1 Dictionaries you have used In small groups. You do not have any debt 2 You can ask me till you are blue in the face but I won't do it! There is no use trying to persuade me 3 He's too green to do that job. d Now klok at the dictionary extracts on page 154. 3 I see a word or phrase that is important to understanding a text. when do you use it? 3 Have you ever used an English-English dictionary? If you don't have one. c A dictionary is full of information about words and phrases. figure out. For example the adjective strong can collocate to produce a strong leader or a strong drink but not a strong enemy. He has no experien ce 4 When I got the answer wrong I turned red with embarrassment. In pairs. verb Blue: noun Green: noun Red: nOUD 2 Which two eolors can describe an unhappy feeling? Bl ack. 53 at the back of your book and look at the section on how to use your dictionary. b Discuss your answers.py • mdl'penckln[ Idscn(<l)ldsl In'spe k [~bll • 3: ro-man-tic 3: dis-ci-plined 3: un-hap-py • kou'mrenuk/ Idlsaphnd/ IAn'hrepJ / romantic disciplined unhappy • independent generous respectable f Words often collocate with other words. 4 I see a word or phrase that I am curious about. 1 Do you own a dictionary in your language? If yes. when do you use it? 2 Do you have a bilingual dictionary? If yes. Note: You will need to show your list to a classmate at the end of Unit 2. and three ••• categories mean? b Use the dk:tionary entries on page 154 and 155 to answer the following questions. Jt can telL 'if!I! dJf/eYe:nl ?'Itet1m11fjS of the .If a )1. make a list of the different pieces of information an English-English dictionary can give you. te1L }fJU. Number of syllables 4: in·de-pend·ent Main stress in·de-pend. would you buy one? Why? I Why not? 2 Information a dictionary can give you a Would you use a dictionary in these situations? Write . You and me Unit l .)(.00 is cou:nf4l:1e or U:'1u:ounMile. 1 We're still in the black thanks to my new job. Make a list of some more useful things that you learn about the information an English·English dictionary can give you. can you add anything more to the list you made in Exercise 2c? 3 USing a dictionary a Why do you think some of the words are in red? What do the one'. 2 I see a word or phrase that I can'. know. two ". Jt can. Which of the words in the box apart from leader and drink can strong also collocate with? ACTION PlAN [> 8 leader drink discussion marriage swimmer film Strong swimmer Strong marriage Your action plan: using our dictionary Tum to page 152 and . discuss these questions. J felt very embarrassed e Use the dictionary entries to complete the table below with information about the words in the box.

Answer the questions..S... used to For situalions and actions that are now finished. International Rela tions September 2nd.. Student A: Look at page 150. in fact. be used to Frida huge success in U.. Then write the correct form by the rules: simple past. which didn't pay much . a job in a local theater. used to. I'm used to gelling up early in the morning. simple past 5 Although Hayek was used to considerable success . I like if... Student B: Look at page 151. was used to + noun For habits. simple past 2 . what did you think of them? b You are going to read an article about this person.....A . used to + verb 3 Hayek wasn't used to going against her parents' wishes .. be used to a Look at the examples below. or was used to + noun/-ing verb. situations. My Crazy Life popular TV soap career in Hollywood first hig break • 5 6 pasl Ihal are nol true or that don't happen now.1 Reading skills a Look at the pictures of this famous person. used to + verb. was used to + ing verb 4 . discuss these questions. 1 Her parents sent her to a private Catholic school in Louisiana. 1 Who is the person? Z What do you know about her background? 3 Can you name any of her movies? 4 Have you seen any of her movies? If so. e Now complete this chart with your partner. she used to misbehave constant! y . d In pairs. Info rmat ion 1 2 Grammar review and extension : simple past. Unil2 Fame and fonune . or repealed actions in the Why is it important? Salma Hayek was horn. 1966 University 2 3 Teresa L. De LANGUAGE NOTE + used to + noun/-ing verb can be used in the present or the past: 1 2 3 4 What is your favorite movie? Who starred in it? What was it about? How successful was the film commercially? She wasn 'f used to going against her pareIlt~· · wishes. simple past To express that we wnw accustomed to something in the past.

Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Aflor students hAve discussed the questions in Exercise 1a briefly in pairs. without showing Mch other their graphs. tell them anything extra at this stage. Otld person/thing ore important to you. have a briof class discussion. place. used to. similarity of the forms. If a post imperfect tense in the students' own language expresses the some meaning as used to. If there are no identical forms in the students' own language. lor example. You may wish to check students understand them: kicked oul of school = expelled from school dropped oul of school = /eft school before completing studies gol a big break •• Vocabulary extension =hod a greal opportunity Ihe film bombed = the film was very unsuccessful. the dole you become a teacher. and a pefSOfl/lhing thaI is important in your life. After students have discussed the questions in Exercise ld . but don'. They tJS98 . Make sure students only read the text and complete the graph that is on "their" page. and it means be occuslomed 1 The confusion arises from the 0 0. The texis on page 150 ond 151 contain a number of very colloquial expressions. in pairs. bull never ploy on Sunday.Objectives Grammar Topic: biographies of famous people Reading a biography Writing Speaking simple pasl. I tJSe Ie :eJe)' baseball on Saturday. Students think the form used /0 + infinitive can be used in a present form and confuse it with usually. tell each student clearly whether they are student A or student B. and ask them 10 interview a partner. learners sometimes think thal lhey are expressing a post habit when they use a simple post form of a verb in English. 2 Grammar review and extension: simple past. The form used to + infinitive talks about post slales and habits thaI are no longer Irue. Tell the closs 10 osk you questions 10 find oul why the dole. Check with the class which form is being used in each exam ple. elici t feedback from the whole class. ~ Quick grammar guide: used 10 Students often forget to use 10. place. Fameondfortune T1 6 Unil2 . Then have each student write down on important dole. and person/thing in his or her life. a place.l6r lennis. Then ask students 10 match the forms to the rules. In the form be used to + ing. usedis on adjective and 1 is a preposition. Tell pairs to complete Exerciselc together. used 1 do. Encourage students 10 share any information they know. the town you were born. 0 be used to doing a mini autobiography speaking from graphic information Write on the board a dole. Before starling Exercise l b. Draw st udents' attention to the Language Nole and ask them to think of some examples of their own. be used to Have students foad the exam ples in Exercise 2a. the name of your dog.. Common problems and errors t . they tend to ovoid using these forms.

(Some phrases can only be used with simple past because they refer to one fi nished time in th e past. ask students to share with the class the false info rmation in each au tobiography. model the speaking task by asking a capable student to talk about his or her life. Before putting students in pairs fo r Exercise 3b. Finally. and moni tor to make sure thoy are applying the rule correctly. Unil2 T 17 Fame and fortvne . Prase . helping with ideas and vocabulary.Do the fi rst express ion in Exercise zb as an example to got students started. ask stvdents to research and write the biography of their favorite movie or sports star. Answers will vary with students' background knowledge. Then ask them to check with a partner before discussing tho answers with the whole dass. rather than just taking turns to give informa tion. AcIdttIonaI octivity For homework. Then ask them to work individually.talkln Help students generate ideas by writing the following prompts on the board at the start of the activity: Bom etIterncIIWe 510rled school Moved house/ fawn Left school Mel Possed_ Woo__ When students are ready. ask them to exchange the ir autobiography with a partner fo r Exercise 4b. Encourage students to do this during th e activity. Use Exercise zf as a lead-in to the text by asking the whole class the questions. Tell the class about a ile or two good or bad things from your life. 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow the steps in Exercise 4a to write a 50· word autobiography. Have students complete Exercise 2g ind ividually. Then have students draw their own timelines and label them with key events. tl 3 Speaking skills Model the activity in Exercise 3a by d rawing a graph.) Have students work in pai rs for Exercises 2d and 2e . on the board and briefly drawi ng your "li fe " a ll it (see pages 150-1 51 for examples). Go around the class as they write. Discuss the qucslion in Exercise 2c with the whole class and ask them fo r the reason why this is so. Elicit additional questions from the class until you feel students understand their task. Demonstrate how to interrupt with questions. or limeli ne.

He 8 scored two goals in the 5-2 win over Sweden. in Brazil..d y09 my some beer this morning? f Look at the picture on the right. of your ups and downs.363 first-class games (1955-1977) and scored 1.b We can use a number of time words with the 3 Speaking skills simple past. He 11 played/competed in 1. compete be (x2) be born make vote play (x2) score shine spend win . 4 Give your autobiography to a partner. 2 Last night we used to go {. 1 Do you know who this is? 2 What do you know about him? 4 Writing skills a You are going to write a mini-autobiography. Pele couldn't afford soccer shoes. Which ones? 1 When I was a child. using the graph to help you. But his feet didn't hurt when he played . as on pages 150 when I lived in Canada both last winter simple past and 151. expressions can go with both? Make notes and draw a graph.-en~to the movies. B Where did you live after that? A We moved to Quebec. In two sentences both forms are correct. phrases as possible.. He 9 won a second winner's medal in 1962 and a third in 1970. 5 My grandparents~used to JIEPin an apartment near the beaCh. 3 W en we lived in New York. because I didn't use to I asn't used to hearing that dialect. Which of the a Think about the ups and downs in your life. Pele 6 made his intemational debut when he was 16. -- . he 5 shinedlused to shine other people's shoes.281 goals.i often used to visit my grandparents. Follow these steps: 1 Make brief notes for your autobiography. when. 3 Write your autobiography in about 50 words.. where.. and with used to. In groups. In 1980 the sports wond 12 voted him "athlete of the century". used to. c Which go only with the simple past? d Complete the sentences with as many time A I used to live in Texas. we often € : D sed to to the theater. He 2 was born in Tres Coracoes.he 4 pIayedlused to play barefoot! To make money. show each other your graphs.. It was difficult at first . He 10 spent most of his career at Santos (1956-74) and then with the New York Cosmos (1975-7). because I wasn't used to the cold or speaking French. three days ago simple past on my last birthday simple past Student A: Talk about your life. at nine o'clock both this morning simple past why. . and at 17 he 7 played/competed for Brazil in the 1958 World Cup Final. and in Brazil he is a national hero. in 2002 simple past at midnight both b In pairs.. Interrupt yesterday simple past last night simple past your partner to ask questions. b Read your partner's autobiography. Can you find the information that is not true? g Complete the text below with the verbs in the box. 2 Include one thing about yourself that is not true. or be + used to. 6 Did you use to 4Il. His family 3 were very poor and when he was a boy. ~ I was used to walk to school. discuss these questions. 4 I couldn't understand the S ish here at first. at Christmas time both when I was a child both Student B: Interrupt A to ask questions with did.Pew (popular name of Edson Arantes do Nascimento) Born 1940... Use the simple past. I visited my grandparents ___ _ _ __ e Choose the correct verb form in each sentence. soccer player Most people believe Pele 1 was the most successful player in the history of soccer.c . etc.

GLOSSARY magnate weallhy and powerful person welder person who makes metal jOints le.. another tells of wher Italian terrorists kidnapped his grandsori-" and he refused to pay the ransom money! Eventualiy. h nk Inane . you don't have a billion dollars. ""The famous billionaire always said hi~ wealth was the result of hard work. one of the richest"'--" people in history. ed fj day and ... 1 Which one most refl ects the secret of Getty's success? 2 Which advice did Getty ignore? 3 In your opinion.. . money to pay for the child's freedom. In YOUr SIeep. he was worth over a billion dollars. "I haVt=-'" no problem with being wealthy. One • story has it that h \. said. . . n hOur 'orked maintain h' s a day to s as a welde/ fortune..g. Rockefeller. Anyone who stOPS learOlng 1S 0. "If you can count your-.. whether with head or hand. th wrote in one '. for his miserliness.. screenwriter. n dream abOut shiPPin --Aristotle F rd founder of the Ford Motor Company. Jr." people needed.ghry Anyone who keeps learrung stays young..." The greatest thing in life is to keep your nund young. an: answer these questions. 1 What does he say about being a billionaire? 2 In what ways was Getty "stingy"? A Stingy Billionaire '---' John Paul Getty (18921976). J.-. . . he was well known."When Getty died. refusal to spend money ransom money money demanded by kidnappers to release their prisoner insta ~lm e nts.. "Be n' '. In fact. . the only son of the world 's wealthiest businessman.. He top "'1' and ajTh Starred ..money. . ships) Fome ond fortune . au ShoUld' e said Y It' ev . Paul Getty.. c the advice below given by four mil lionaires and answer these questions.. However.Having a fortune 1 Reading skills a WouJ d you like to be a millionaire? Why? I Why not? b Read the magazine article about th multi-milli?naire. said.." Gett) ' always counted his millions very carefully. installed a pay-telephone for guests in his English mansion. for tIll'S. which is the best advice? N~".w .. I worked hard for my money. ld hether at H enry 0 . ecause you'll Ice to peopl ' meet them e on yOUr on the waydo. believed. part payments made regularly over a penod or lime John D. ." n f Unil2 Onassis ch eighree 8 magnate ~ e Greek . e renOwned U S way up b of hiS bOOks... "I I' believe in the dignity of labor.lOu h ·.. the money had to be paid bac in installments." Wilson M' 'zner.. twenty or el . . I produced think.. . he agreed to lend his son th. .: rea~ GLOSSARY stingy doesn't like spending money miserliness being stingy... aVe to chi Or rhe "}j nJghr .

Answers: 1 Onassis's advice reflects the secret of Getty's success. Ask students whether they agree with ony of the sayings. 2 Getty ignored Mizner's advice. Money con't buy me love. Answers: 1 Gelly said if you could count your millions. The love of money is the roof of off evil. Review the pronunciation and definition of the words. Ask them to complete Exercise lc in pairs. Then write the following words at random on the board: mean rich well-off miserly prosperous fight-fisted t . you weren't a billionaire. instead he lent the ransom money to his son. Why? Why not? Ask students how imponont money is in their lives. check they understand the questions and draw their attention 10 the Glossary. Before asking students to read the article in Exercise lb. b illionaires are so rich t. Write the following two words from the text at the top of the board: stingy and wealthy. who had to pay it back. In other words. under stingy or wealthy. ~ Vocabulary extension Ask students in pairs to put the synonyms in the corred categories. Introduce !he topic 1 Reading skills Discuss the question in Exercise la as a class.hat it is impossible to count how much money they have. 2 He installed a pay phone for guests. Encourage students to explain their answers . F ame and fortune T 18 Unit 2 . as needed .. he refused to pay the ransom for his grandson. Check answers to questions 1 and 2 and hold a class vote on question 3.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: money Reading a profile of a famous person Ustening interviews money: noun-verb collocations Write one or two of the following well-known sayings on the board: Money makes the world go oround. Draw students' attenti on to Ihe quotes and the Glossary in the lower half of the page.

I con understand thot. you know the old saying thaI money can'l buy love? Well. Bob I suppose it"s a perfect opportunity for people to improve their children's education? Janet Indeed.or more in the lost five years? They wont to find out if the win changed these people's lives. we've just had the results from Ihe lolest survey. So. said the win hod made them happier and just two per cent said it mode them less happy. So that's quite surprising. Well. In the sludio this morning is Janet King. pay for something when you hand over money for it. you said. Janet. yel only a tenth of those questioned switched to private doctors. just over half of all the people. make money from working. Bob Yes. Did you ask them aboullove? Janet love.2 Vocabulary: money After students have done Exercise 2a in pairs. Have students change partners before doing Exercises 2e and 2f. Set a time limit for Exercise 2c (for example. Then ask students to use their imagination to complete the Me column in the chart. check pronunciation of cam and lose and that students can use the words correctly. make sure they understand tha t win has a different meaning to earn. Yes. Half of those people who changed jobs started their own business. Actually. and about three percent only decided to send their kids to private schools. Janet Well.thars amazing! Janet It is. flying. we asked about leisure time. really. Almost half the winners. and the 4% who said that they were separated or divorced were probobly going to get divorced anyway' Now. and only 16% of the winners took up an expensive new hobby like golf. Bob It mode no difference to 42% of people .paid jobs and move inlo something less welt paid but that they really wanted to do. Bob Happiness . Surprisingly. Welt. investing. My salory is the amount of money I earn in my job. or soiling. "Whars the poinl of winning so much money if it doesn·t change your life?"" Unit2 T 19 Fame and fortune . though they hod no need 10 work anymore. etc.. five min utes). Janet Yes. and a massive 42% felt it had mode no difference. enjoying themselves. ti Presentation alternative 3 Li stening skills Read the situation in Exercise 3a as a class.thars nearly two million dollars . And that isn'l always the case. You might ask. and the firsl is happiness. isn't it? And it even made some people less happy. and they're very interesting. Draw students' attention to the Language Note at the bottom of the page. we did. kept the some job. Bob. Bob So 15% of people actually went out and found a new job al1hough they didn't need lo? Janet Thars right. only 17% of respondents didn't! Bob Mmm. even though they hod become rich. So.. Janet The other interesting point is that the majority of the people who answered Ihe questionnaire gave money to members of their family. Hoving money means you can offord to make choices. whose market research company conducted the most r8(ent survey. Have studen ts attempt Exercise 3c before you play the audio again for them to complete it. that makes sense. We look atlhe results in different categories. how has winning a fortune affected the lives of those tucky people? Janet Good morning. ask whether they were "typical" of lottery millionaires in each category. Bob Two percent. thars 48%. 55%. In Exercise 2b.so to find out if money makes people happier? Janet Exactly. as you know. Check pronunciation of waste and receipt. Have the whole class check in Exercise 2d. winning a lot of money mode no difference to peaple's love lives: 95% of married couples stayed married' Bob 95%' Thars a huge percentage. Bul you'd think lt1at people would wont to spend lime doing other things. Only 15% of the winners quit their job for a new one . and Ihars also very interesting. Set the scene by asking students a few questions: How would you (eactto winning a million dollars in the fot/ery? What would you spend the money on? How do you think it would change your life? After students have listened to the audio in Exercise 3b and completed the SUIveycolumn. rum money from your job. the picture appears to be that a 101 of people lend not 10 change their lives very much after a huge win. In our survey. we also asked about work. and major choices are health ond education. We assume that those people were able 10 leave well. the results do seem to prove that. yes. Bob Mmm. and stress of investment and salary. did you know that The Notional Lolferyin the United Kingdom has sent out questionnaires to all the people who have won a million pounds . irs very encouraging. and see which pair can produce the greatest number of combinations. and that you lend to and borrow from . o o - 7'~--------------------------------------------Bob Now. \n locI.

It made no difference to my happiness. 55% 2% 42% 4% 48% 15% 16% d Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. 10% 3% 83% r Ask and answer the questions fro m Exercise 2e with a part ner. I did not quit worn. I got a new job.~!e. 1 Do any of the results surprise you? If so.ne5S 2 love 3 work 4 leisure 5 hcallh 6 educatjon LANGUAGE NOTE YOll d In pairs.J.i!X. . to be paid back laler borrow 4 got money or a pr i z~ in a competition or louory will 5 usc monoy or lime in an inefficient way waslo 6 you can pay with this if YOLI don'.. 0 b Listen to an interv iew. Thon tell the class your ideas.. 5 6 7 8 I took up an expensive new hobby. discuss these questions. 50"". c Make as many verb-nou n combinations as you can wit h the words in the box above.by cash or credit card? 2 3 4 My partner and I got divorced. Listen agai n and write them. and had throe children. tn. I gave money to my family. they will pay it back lend 8 what you got as proof of buying something receipt 9 what yO ll recoive overy month for working sa lary 10 use money to buy things spend b Check that you understand the other nouns and verbs in the box obove. 1 Me The win made me happier. 3 Listening skills a How would you react to winning the lottery? Read the situation below and complete the task. Comp lete the missing percentages in tho las! column o f the table. which'! 2 Why do you think winning a lot of money made some people unhappy? 3 What resu lts would the same survey produce in your country? lend sometbing to someone You borrow some/lrills /rom someone Fame ond fortune Unit 2 . have cash credit card 7 give someone money temporarily. Imagine thi s situation: five years ago. It made me unhappy. e Complete tho sentences with an appropriate verb from the box. There arc six extra words." ~ c The represontative of the company discusses six categories. 9 We sent the children to a private school. moved to a new neighborhood. Verbs make cam spend save lend borrow waste win lose pay investment credit card salary receipt money cash Nouns 1 money in tho form of bills and coins cash 2 something you buy in order to make more money later on investment 3 get some money from a person or an institution. to -rnak an. You just received the questionnaire on tho right that the lottery has sent to all its winners in the past five yoars.. t switched to private medical care.2 Vocabul ary: money a Find a word from the box for each of the descriptions below.. 1 How much does a doctor earn in your country'? Z Do you ever waste money buying things you don't need ? 3 When was the last time you lent money to a frie nd'! 4 What do you spend most of your money on'? 5 Have you over won any money in a competition? 6 Do you pre fer to -P. you won a million dollars in tho loltery. Since then you have gotten murried . 1 fli1l?A. Think about wha t your answers would be and complete the "Me" column with "yes" or "no.

he was clearly past his m. d Which of tho people might have theso regrets? Which ono was 1I0t a persolla] choice? '. She went toVenezuela with her husband and children. 1 It was really stupid to got into that sluff. House of the Spirits. 1 Can YOll identify the people ill the pictures? 2 What do you know about them? b Read the extracts quickly. b ut when he came back the second time to play fo r the WashinglOll Wizards. Sadly. but he went on to become the greatest basketball plllyer of all time. 2 I wish I hadn't gone back after I retired 3 I was very sorry to have to leave my co~ntry. Isabe l Allende had to leave her country . he failed to get OnlO the school basketball team. Uni!2 Fame and fortune .. c Rea~ lhe extracts ogain.'St.. with several novels to her name. He was captain of the Argentinian tcam when they won their second Wo rld Cup in 1986.. fD Mar adona He became Argentina's youngest ever international soccer player in 1977. o nly to come back to the sport. she has become the bestknown South American author. she had to leave the country of her birth after the military coup of 1973. Since then. She was unable to find work in her chosen career as a jou rnalist. Discuss thorn with a parlner. his career ended only a few years later. Make a note of the nchlCvcments and failures.. and in 1982 h e became the world's most expensive soccer player when h e transferred to Barcelon a. Maybe he wasn 't good enough for the school tcam. He retired twice. e Allende Born in Chile. has also been made into a film. of each of those people.Regrets 1 Readi ng skills a Discuss these questions.. after accusations of drug abuse. Match each one with one of the people in the pictures. Her most famou s.it was 1101 a personal choice o lorda n A link known fuel: when he was in high school. if appropriate. but it was there that her career .. as an author took off.

they must be making a 101 of money. George What? Bill Well.. Joe and I used to work in the same factory after we left school. yeah and then he went on to open a second hamburger ioint and Ihen a third . yeah!? Bill Yeah . yeoh. A n swers: 1 Achiev ements: greatest basketball player of al! time Failures: failed to get onto school basketball tearn.. I wish I'd ordered a cheeseburger. and he'd saved enough money George Uh huh? Bill Enough money to open a little hamburger place and ..Objectives Grammar Topic: regrets Vocabulary regrets: I wish / If school a nd careers: only collocations Pronunciation Reading intonation short biography expressing interest extracts and surprise Ustening Speaking discussing personal regrets a conversation 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. George Oh. Bill Yeoh. George Really? Bill Really_We used to go to the same school George You're kidding! You used to go to the same school I? Bill Yeah. Joe owns this place and all the other Lucky Joe reslauranls. We were buddies. be his partner. If only I'd said yes . give away any answers yet In Exercise l b. Answers: Extract 1: Michael Jordan Extract 2: Isabel Allende Extract 3: Diego Maradona The other picture on page 20 is of Gabriel Garda Marquez In Exercise lc students should rea d the texts carefully for detaiL Ask students to make brief notes individually and then discuss their n otes in pairs . about a hundred outlets all over the world! George A hundred? Bill Yep. amazing. a hundred! George Incredible! Bill Y eah. Bill Tao lole 10 change it now. I've regret1ed it a thousand times. Incredible! No! George Yeah. and now he's . _you won't believe this . and not to waste time trying to understand the passages in depth.. he's gal a chain of. you know. Encourage them to foc us on completing the task. but don'. well. Encourage lots of speculation. you know. Fame and fortune T 20 Unit 2 . George Yeah. This is delicious. .. George Joe? Bin Joe Espinosa. George It's nat as big as some fast food chains. Bill . Bill Oh.. captain of Argentina when they won the World Cup in 1986 Failures: drug abuse D iscuss Exercise ld with the whole class. A hundred? Uh huh Yeah. 1 \~ For Exercise 4 on page 21:"!11 Reolly? You're kidding! Oh. right . 8 For Exerc ise 3 on page 21:"!11 Bill Mmm. You know irs always busy here. Usten . mine's not 100 good. George Mm. right. but old Joe's doing okay. he asked me to join him. ah. George No! And you turned him down? Bill Well. most expensive soccer player... p ast his best wh en he came back tbe second time 2 A chievements: successful author Failures: had to leave Chile: couldn ' t find work as a journalist 3 Achievements: Argentina's yowlgest ever soccer player. students should quickly road the extracts and match them to the pictures .

Ask for volunteers to report back to the class.' ''''e!:J/c/ have more money. Presentation alternative Ask students to imagine thai they ore 0 famous person. Students often try to convey the subjunctive with would + verb. Note that in 2. If only I hadn't given up my job in the city. In Exercise 4b. Encourage students to use the intonation patterns when responding.t ·· ~ 2 Grammar: regrets Use the picture and the questions in Exercise Za to establish the context: the man wants his situation to be different now. Let students check their sentences in Exercise 2d in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. then up. I wish I wel:JkJ !ilre in a quieter area. I wish I eFR taller. so students need to exaggerate the way they express interest and surprise in order to sound "natural: The intonation pattern for both interest and surprise can be represented by a falling arrow then a rising arrow. pause after each word and ask the whole class to repeat. ask students to concentrate on answering the questions. However. Then d iscuss the answers as a class. the fall and rise are much steeper when expressing surprise than when expressing interest. English has no well-developed subjunctive form. If only I had listened to my parents. Ask students to read the regrets aloud to their group or to the class. Answers: 2 I wish / 3 I wish / 4 I wish I 5 I wish I 6 I wish I If only I had some friends here. Elicit wish sentences in response to question 4. Itfonly I wish/If only + post perfect is used to express regrets about the past. Common probktms and errors Students try to express regrets about the present with a present form. Then allow students two minutes to tbink of ideas for the topics. t 3 Listening skills Before playing the audio for Exercise 3a. Allow enough preparation time (for example. Then ask one or two indiv iduals to repeat. Draw students' attention to the Language Note. Using your hand. Have them write notes but not whole sentences. Concentrate on intonation. If only I lived in the city. five to ten minutes) for them to feel confident when retelling. Allow students to choose the story to expan d in Exercise 4c. Unlike mony other longuoges. make a gesture that moves steeply down. Another problem is that the students' language may have no specific verb equivalent to wish but moy use a subjunctive form equivalenlto want / would like. Have them write down three regrets lhatthey think that person might have. 4 Pronunciation skills: expressing interest and surprise Quick pronunciation guide English has a very wide range of intonation. which is usually not acceptable. If only I made enough money here. I would like !/:Je!. The oudioscripts tor Track 8 and Track 9 ore on page T20 '" Unit2 T 21 Fame and fortune . 5 Vocabulary: school and careers Model the activity for Exercise 5c by asking three or four questions in open class. This can lead to errors. to encourage students to express surprise through intonation. Have the other students guess which famous person they are. Then elicit from students what they think the man might be saying: I wish [were younger / more handsome. ask them to check in pairs. Play the audio only once and compare answers with the whole class. 6 Speaking skills Elicit one or two "regrets" from the class. Ask students to work in pairs to complete Exercise zb and to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. After students have listened again in Exercise 3b. any changes to some because the sentence changes from negative to positive. Compare answers to Exercise 4a around the class. Quk\( grammar guide: I wish I wish/If only + simple past is used to talk about wonting things to be different about the present.

4 Can he change the situation? No. school. 2 Grammar: regrets a Look althe picture above. 2 [don't have any friends here. [wish I had kept in touch with h er. II wish I were rich. exams. I wish + were is always correct. 1 I moved to this lawn a year ago and [don't like it. huh. fami ly. it. though some people think it is old-fashioned. I graduated from high school when I was 18. 5 I prefer living in the cily. talk about th ings you either regret in your life now or regret about your past.!!D. 5 Vocabulary : school and careers a Which of lhe nouns in the box can you put with each verb group'! college company factory job orrer money partner school store team leave / drop oul of I quit college. They were right. No! lID lID III lID ~ b Listen again and repeat the phrases. b The man expresses his regrets in different ways. talking 3 What is their relationship'! friends 6 Speaking skills In pairs. jobs. slore. company 8 accept / turn down job offer. learn 2 graduate from college. 2 You were invited to the Oscars and you met some famous movie stars. 3 II was stupid to give up my job in the city. usc expressions from Exercise 4a to show interest and surprise.. Then tell your partner. Answer these questions. Use the sentences in Exercise 2b to help you. When you listen to your partner's story. A Did YOll leave school when you were 16? 8 No. and there: 1 wish 1 was rich. I really miss my best friend from high school. past 3 If only I hadn't lost my beautiful hair. Incredihle! III III III lID You're kidding! A hundred!? Yeah. d Make wishes about Ihese sentences. 4 [don't make enough money here. Answer the questions. c Which of these have you done in your life so far? Ask and answer in pairs. school.ly. + the Ilast perfect tense.. yeah. ~ b Listen agai n and answer these questions. college. b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. It is more formal. mOlley 1 LANGUAGE NOTE When we use the simple past of be after I wish or If only. 3 When you were young. Use th ese to pics : fr iends. o 3 Listening skills a Listen 10 the conversation. c Choose one of the "stories" below and make notes on it. Really? Oh.o 4 Pronunciation skill s: expressing interest and surprise a Listen to these phrases from the conversation. right . 4 You saw something very strange in the sky when you closed your curtains last night. 6 I didn't listen to my parents. 1 Where are the speakers? fast food restaurant 2 What are they doing? eating. school 3 become partner 4 found/start company 5 open slore. 1 Stories YOIl saw a very strange animal when you were out for a walk in the woods yesterday. present 2 r wish I hadn't lost my good looks. IlVish I hadn't moved to this toWll. she. your parents won the lottery. We can express regrets about the past with I wish and If . Which statements are regrets about or desires for Ihe present? Which are regrets about the past? 1 If only I looked better. 1 Is the man attractive now? No. past 4 I wish I weren'l totally bald. factory 6 work for company 7 work atlill factory. we can use either was or were after [. Which ones express interest? Which express surprise? Write I or S in the boxes. Uh. 2 Was he attractive fifty years ago? Yes. money. 3 How does he feel about the situation'? Unhappy. We can express regrets about the present with I IDm and If only + the simple ~ tense. present c Complete the rules.. he. school.. 1 Who did Bill use to go to school with? Joe 2 Where did Bill and joe use to work? the same factory 3 What did joe do after he left the factory? opened a hamburger place 4 What does Bill wish? he had said yes when joe asked hjm to be his partner F ame and fortune Uni! 2 .

So.. 4 Tas k a Road the aim and ru les of the quiz.000. One student-7The whol ~ t~ a m 11 Now lake the quiz! Your teacher will read the questions out fo r you. " ~ Listen to some people discussing these questions. These bonus questions are worth $50.Lesson4 So you want to win a million? 1 Warm up Do you watch quizzes on TV? Do you enjoy them? Why? I Why not? What's your favorite TV (or radiol quiz? Why do you like it? . 2 Prepare You are going to take a quiz in teams. or other phrases that you know for discussing choices. practice some of the language yo u'll need . LANGUAGE J have n o idea.. but first. ask yOUl" teacher to read a few questions agai n.. ? It 's . afi er-7befo r-e 3 One student decides on lhe answer for the group. Isn't it . do we all 5 Feedback Well. When do we ll""lly lise this question word? 7 Foll o w up a In pairs.000. What were yo ur besliworst categories? Do yo u need to improve your knowledge in any of them? If you had problems with A or B. Who wins tho most bonus money? Unil2 Fome ond fortune . Which orlhase does llQ1 go with the word white? til meat hI broad c) tea ell egg What is the namo of the sea thaI separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? a) the Black Sea bl the Sea of Marmara c) the Meditorranean Soa dl the Caspian Sea 3 Compare USEFUl. look back over the last two units and review the vocabulary and grammar! 6 Noti ce Did you notice the question word thaI most questions began with? If not. discuss the answers to the two questions below. What is wrong in each of th ese statements? 1 You can win less than $1 .000 each. Do thoy use similar language to you? Which phrases do thoy use to discuss and decide on an answer? Look at the audioscript on page 148 and underline all the expressions that will be useful in taking the quiz. Use the Useful Language phrases. write two bonus questions for each category. can~an 't 2 You choose your joker after you have heard tho quostions. ask your questions. b In groups of six or eight. how did you do? Did any group win the million? Take a look at yo ur scores. Include the answers. In groups of four or five.

! wentta the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago.egg... What do you think. right? We can have black tea. 7 Follow up When students are ready. When students are ready. A So.. c . simple past. we definitely use white with egg . with a couple of min utes al the end of each category for them to decide on answers that they are unsure of. c -tea. you're right. 3 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 3 once and discuss the questions as a class . nat white tea. Then ask students to find and underline useful phrases in the audioscript on page 148 of the Student's Book.meat. Then have students share their answers as a class. I don't think so. right? o Yes.. I think you're wrong. ~rs put that . Laura. Allow students two or three minutes to practice. read the questions (on page T23). 2 Prepare Divide students into groups and ask them to read the instructions. Briefly model the activity by pretending to speculate about the answer to the first question.the Mediterranean Sea. divide the class into groups of six or eight. tea.. C Oh. 0 So . And the Cospian Sea is in Russia. At the end of each category.and quietly so that other groups can't hear.. So maybe frs the Block Sea? C No.. Allow only about 30 seconds for students to discuss their answers 10 each question. Remind them 10 double the score for the category for which they played their joker. I think you're right. b -!he Sea of Marmara.. B Well.Objectives Grammar Topic: taking a quiz Reading instrudions Writing w riting questions for a quiz Ustening simple present. Hisn'lthe Mediterranean. that's right. Chicken is white meat. laura? A Yes. Fame and fortune T 22 Unit 2 . or d -the Caspian Sea? C Oh... ~ 4 Task Ask studen ts to check their answers to the questions in Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing them as a class.. thars difficuk..o and informally check some of the vocabulary and grammar practiced in the book so far. \10'' __. d . this question. read the answers aloud and ask the groups to add up their scores. C Isn1 it meat? o No. b . so irs c. 6 Notice Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. A Irs c... build up a list of these phrases on the board. do we all agree thaI frs the Sea of Marmora? All Yes. splitting the original pairs that prepared questions together. Whafs the nex! question? A What is !he name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it a .. using the phrases in the Useful Language box. Which of these does nol go with the word "white"? a . We usually use this question word when deciding between alternatives.. 0 Welt lers Iry to work it out.bread. thars right. That way each student in each group has two question s to ask. I have no idea. but we Wi tea with milk.. 5 Feedback Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. You may wanl to give your students a little advance notice 10 review their lessons before doing the quiz! 1 Warm up Set the scene and generate interest by asking the whole class these questions. Encourage lots of talking. With students. Insist that they speak in English ..Ihe Bled:: Sea. B No. present progressive a quiz The aim of the quiz is to reviev. I think. Answer: Most questions began with which.

d) She has gray eyes. h) Moscow. bl the USA cl the U. bl July 5 1 776. take place every . 3 Com plete the sentence: We didn't find it difficu lt to move to the moun/a ins because . c) pure.S. b) She hod blond hair. cl was more friends. become independent? a) July 4 1789. 5 After an accident someone might say If oilly 1 . a. 4 Which of these di d the French philosopher Descartes say? al I think. bl we are cold. 4 If you found a company. d) you work for it. dlwe wore cold. b) white. Its capital is . al have more friends. 5 Margaret Thatcher was the leader of which Bri tish political party? a) Republican. d) the Aztecs 5 Latvia used to be part of the Soviet Union. c Section C 1 Who starred in the movie The Godfather Part 1'1 al Tom Cru ise... al we used to be cold.. d.. h. dl I think.. therefore 1 am .S. a) had m ore careful. 6 Which country's flag does not have red in it? a) Guatemala. d) Ceyloll 3 When did the U. al year. You say: al You 're always borrowing my phone.. c) Bolivia. c) 1 thought.. more money. a) realist ic. 6 Which ofthese is not a synonym o f quill a) drop out. b. c) r a t! do borrow my phone. d. c} leave. dl will have 2 Someone who was lonely when they were in school might say I wish I . c) July 4 1776. 3 Where did the actor Russell Crowe grow up? a) New Zea land. c) Johnny Depp. 6 Which sentence is not correct? a) She used to have blond hair. d) Marlon Brando 2 The presidential elections in the U. b) Sbe bas black eyes. II. c) red. c) Sbe has dark eyes. d) Australia . al Riga. c. h) respectable. c) Conservative. b) ros~.S. b) Tom Hanks. 5 Someone who keeps to the moral and legal standards of society is . b) Rhodesia. d) fivo years. d) blue 2 What did Sri Lanka use to be called? al Burma. b. therefore 1 0m. 4 Your friend asks to borrow your cell phone for the fifth time today. bl am having. c. K. a Unit 2 T 23 Fameond fortu ne . dl She was blond. d) white 2 Which oftbese can you not do with money? a) earn it. c) green. b) spend it. cl we were used to being cold. d) conservative. dl Bolivia Answers: c. therefore 1 be. cl Minsk. d. a) have. b) the Greeks. c) the Romans. dl You lIever borrow my phone. h) I'm thinking. d Section B 1 Which is correct? If only 1 . c. hI Japan .? a) red.. d) Kiev. c) She was used to having blond hair. d. bl am more careful. c) make it. a) you start it bl you close it. c. b) Venezuela. therefore 1 \Vas. d) do it J Which of these is incorrect? a) She has brown eyes. . cl four years. c) had had m ore careful... dl will have lIlore friends. cl hod. b) three years.. c) Chile. c ) you discover it. a. a..Quiz questions and answers Section A 1 Which of these does not describe wine? al pink. d) Cuba Answers: d .. c) East Pakistan. bl Social Democrat. bl You always borrow my phone. dl join Answers: a. d) July 6 1789 4 Which of these people used coins first? al the Lydians. d) had been more careful. a Section D 1 Which of these colors is not in the flag of the U. b) stop. bl had had more friends. dl Labor 6 Where was Che Guevara born? al Argentina. Answers: c. d.

OOO) a} earn it b) spend C Politics and culture it c) make it d) do it d) She has gray eyes. therefore I be. b) She has black eyes. Check your answers and add up your score (honestly!). You will hear each question twice. If you get all the Jestion ~ yOU will win $1.000) a) Tom Cruise b) Tom Hanks c) Johnny Oepp d) Marlon Branda 2 ($30.this means that you can double the money you w in fo r that ~e category. '-. therefore I was. c) She has dark eyes "' ($40..000) a) July 4· . If you don't reach '. b) You always borrow my phone. Politics and cutture.000) a) Riga b) Moscow c) Minsk d) Kiev 6 ($55. '789 b) July 5'". d) You never borrow my phone. 1776 c) July 4 th . ($55.0001 But .000) a) Burma b) Rhodesia c) East Pakistan d) Ceylon 3 ($40. we've made it a bit 'aSler. or $55. c) You do borrow my phone. at figure .000.000) a} She has brown eyes.000.OOO.~(:) ~(:) (j WAJff T(:) WIN r ~ ~ I 11 C9 im Rules . At the end of the quiz.000) a) you start it b) you close it 'c) you discover it d) you work for it 5 ($5S.000) 1 ($30.000) a) realistic b) respectable c) pure d) conservative a) drop out b) stop c) leave d) join '. add up your total score to find if you have won a million! A English vocabulary "-. b} I'm thinking. c} She was used to having blond hair. Then you must agree on an answer in your team.000) a) She used to have blond hair. d) five years. ~ng to the Ie~ of diffi ~ulty.($30 .000) a) had more careful b) am more careful c) had had more careful d) had been more careful ($55.000) a) pink b) rose c) red d) white 2 ($30. d) Australia 4 ($40. b) three years . you lose everything! 4 5 6 Divide into teams of four or five. c} I thought. Circle the answer. therefore I am .000) a) New Zealand b) the USA c) the U. d) I think. Look at the categories and choose your joker. Vi choose ONE of the categories (English vocabulary.000. At the end of each category.000) a) Republican b) Social Democrat c) Conservative d) Labor 6 ($55. But you must choose your category before you start t~:~~uiz. 5 ($55.($40.000) a) Argentina b} Venezuela c) Bolivia d) Cuba Section C score =___ (out of $250. c) four years . 1776 d) July 6th .($55. 1789 4 ($40. 3 ($40.000) Section B score = _ _ _ (out of $250. Please note: the only prize is $1 .000) a) the Lydians b} the Greeks c} the Romans d) the Aztecs 5 ($55.000) "--1 ($30. S40. d) She was blond.000) a) we used to be cold b) we are cold c) we were used to being cold d) we were cold 4 ($40. English 91'8 r.000) a) red b) white c) green d) blue 2 ($30.000) a) have b) am having c) had d) will have 2 ($30.000) a) You're always borrowing my phone. b) She had blond hair..000) Fame and fortune .000. 2 3 ( '1e aim of the quiz 15 to answer enough questions correctly to w in a f1i11lon dollarsl Each question has a prize of $30. Geography and history) as your 'oker'" .000. you will hear the answers.000) a) have more friends b) had had more friends c) was more friends d) will have more friends ~ D Geography and history 1 ($30. therefore I am.000) a) Guatemala b) Japan c) Chile d) Bolivia 3 ($40.K .000) 6 "-- ""ection A score = q English grammar (out of $250. Section D score = (out of $250.000) a) I think.000) a) year.

money: money ( an investment earn money ( a (goodIbad) salary spend ( save money lend money (to someone) ( borrow money (from someone) waste money I win money ( lose money pay cash I by credit card ( the check I the fare ( for a ticket Answer these questions.. I wish I had more money. work aUin a college ( a company ( a factory ( a school ( a store accept ( turn down a job offer / money Unil2 Fame ond fortune . use used to for a single action in the past or for the recent past: Fo.. / We lived by the ocean./ Fo. but he quit. We form short answers with did: Did you use to see her evety day? Yes.. 3 My dad sed to smoke was used to smokJng. - Fo. We Irve in a smaI apartment. children. I did. COld weather. ." Subject + be used to used to -. use to take the bus. If 0f'IIy / I wish + past perfect for things we regret about the past: I left school at 16. I wish you had come to the party. Regret about something in the past: We used to visit the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New York. X We visited the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New YQrl(. -+ . We use used to + verb to tal<. Habits we regret or desilJ about the present: I don't have a job./ + past perfect: If only I hadn't eaten so much. working hard. about habits. Be careful not to confuse the past form of this w ith used to + verb: I used to get up early when I was at school. Question: Did you use to walk home. -+ 1 wish I hadn't left school at 16. 00 you have these regrets. 1 I used to \eave ( drop out of ( quit college ( school / a team graduate from college/school / ent shopping last Saturday. We use be + used to to say that we are or were accustomed to something. then discuss them with your partner. . If 0f'IIy / I wish + simple past for things that U.. (can) change my appearance. I wish I had (have) mora time! I'm so busy! 2 If only I hadn't argued (not argue) with my last boyfriendlgirtfriend.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 used to + verb 3 Regret s (I wish I lf only) u. wish we had had a vacation last year. it wasn't a problem. ~ I wish I had a job." Affirmative: Complete these common regrets with the simple past or the past perfect of the verbs in parentheses.. ! No. loo? Note the spelMng in the negative and question forms: use 10 3 I wish I h a d paid (pay) more attentiorl when I was at school. fact I was used to getting up early when I was at school. Actions Situations We used to live by the ocean. en'l used / / didn't use /0 getting up earty." Regret about something in the present: If only / I wish + simple past: If only I knew the answer. I didn't. The children used to go swimming fM3rY day. But note that we don'. = something that I was accustomed to. actions. Vocabulary Summary 1 M o n ey Common verb-noun combinations concerning make I travel a lOt for my work so I'm used to spending time on planes. -+ I wish we didn't live in a small apartment. = past habit. 2 We become a partner founctlstatt a company open a factory ( a store work for a company 4 I was used t used to the heat when I lived in Texas. We didn't have a vacation last year. I used to smoke. to01 Negative: We didn 't We used to walk to school. 1 Have you ever made a goodIbad investment? 2 When did you last spend a 101 of money? \>\'hat did you buy? 3 INhen did you last borrow money from a friend ( the bar*? 4 Have you ever won any money? How much? 5 How do you usually pay the check in a restaurant? I'm John wasn't Peler isn't We were 2 School and careers Choose the correct completion.. )( I watched 7V aD day yesterday. 4 If onty' I hadn't spent (not spend) SO much money last week! 5 I wish I could 2 be + used to + noun/-ing verb u. If only / I wish I used to watch 7V aN day yesterday. We can often use the simple past in place of used to: We used to live by the ocean. Of situations in the past that are not true or do nol happen now.ng verb + complement or noun goi1g to bed early.

. Vllhat do you think would be difficult about writing them in English? ~<J REVIEW Review your actio n plan from Unit 1: using your dictionary In pairs. first names.. . e-mails in a business environment may be much more formaL And you still need to read over your e-mail before you send it. Oh. slill imp ly th a l lhey h. Imagine you are Annie or Paul and write a reply to the e-mail from Terry above. wasn't). Fame and fortune Un1l2 .z - C!) Informal e-mails 1 Using e-mail Have you ever had to read or send e-mails in English? Tell your partner about it. ogain/ .. Finally. d. talk about your action plan from page :: ~ Di: t: 15 and say what you have done about it.J o Cl. d So when will you fin ish? And how about Pau l? Is he still working at that department store? 4 dlange the subject to another topic f 5 ask the reader to respond J do something h 6 thank the reader c life in Germany is a lot of fun now but things weren't so easy at first. Words are sometimes abbreviated or emoticons (symbols) are used. b Ideas in e-mails are usually organized in some order. I'm thinking of coming to the States this summer .. use an English spell checker if you can! PLAN I> Your action plan: making key pals It is possib~ to make friends on the Internet by sending e-mails to one Of two people on a regular basis. 1 Is this a formal or informal e-mail? How do o -' L.aven't seen each other for a while a sutpl Wx £u1 a Ie&. Wi ll you guys be there? Can I come to stay with you for a couple of days? Would be great to see you again . Note: You will need to discuss what you have found with a classmate at the end of Unit 3. r Anyway. Lots of work to do so gotta go.. :. By using the Internet you can make friends from allover the world. abbreviations (Glad to . Glad to hear your degree is gOing well.San Francisco first week in August. g 3 Replying to an e-mail a How is writing an e-mail different from writing a standard letter? Make notes. .) 2 What is the relationship between the w rrter and the reader'? Find informaHon in the a-mail to justify your answer. 1 subject of the e-mail a 2 close the e·mail and say goodbye i 3 give information about the writer e Thanks for your e-mail. h Write back and let me know about the summer. Some great people in my office and I've made a couple of good friends through the gym where I work out.. Remember to match your style to [he writer's style.exhausting. These people are called "key pals". Can you help improve you r partner's message? Informal e-mails are very different in structure from more formal letters. Friends: first names. d In pairs.J. :::J 2 Organizing an e-mail a Read the e-mail and answer the questions.J. but that slowly got better.oba bly not related. If you've never sent any e-mailsin English. Match these descriptions with the letters in the text. ~ luerenl surnames so /p. An. Be careful to avoid misunderstandings by using enough words to make your meaning clear.) . Be sure to reply to all the infonnation and questions she asks.- _nl. Does it tell you anything you didn't mention? A big hug. find out about different cultures and practice your English at the same time! Find out about how to make key pals by usjng a search engine and entering the words key pais + EFL.. or sometimes no greeting. okay? Take care and say hi to Paul. E-mails often don't use complete sentences. I Hi Annie.rom' ~ TO: ~~ b C you know? Informal : colloquial language (Hi I a big hug / etc. informal greeting. Really good to hear from you again.J > L. ~ . There's usually a short. Terry c Put your knowledge of writing infonnal e-mails to the test.. Even though an e-mail is often a more informal way of communication than writing a letter. ~ has I b Compare your ideas with the advice on the right about writing informal e-mails. compare your e-mails. and met a really nice guy here too! :-} e 7 give a reason for closing the e-mail g 8 say heHo b 9 ask for inforrnaHon from the reader d c Would the order of ideas be the same in your language? Discuss in pairs. I wasn't used to the culture or speaking German all day .

such as streaming video. they also mean you can escape the workplace physically. is the potential health problem they bring: there are fears that radiation from t he phones may cause brain tumors. The first commercial ceHphone system was developed by the Japanese in 1979. they still don't know where their child ren are. but not mentally: with the help of call forwarding the employee is always at the end of the "phone line". instant access to the Internet and receiving and send in g photos. why do yo u need it? If you do n 't have a cell phone. h Read th is Internet articl e on cell phones. social contact and for business . cel/phones have been around for over a quarter of a century. w ould you like to have one? Why? I Why not? 2 Can you imagine li fe wit hout cell phones? How wo uld it bo d ifferen t? cellphones the facts 1 The histo ry of the cellphonc Believe it or not. The early cellphones were big and heavy but they have developed into small and light palm-sized models. but cel/phones have changed a lot since thot time. but now the re are countless new facilities. except for those times when the kids call because they want a ride home from a late night party! 4 Problems with celillhones This does not mean that cellphones are all good news.when you're traveling. Ameritech set up the first system in 1983. They have brought with them a number of new headaches for t heir owners: it costs a lot to replace stolen phones. 1 How did the invention of the telephone change our lives? 2 How have cell phones changed O Uf lives? Muke a list of their ad vantages and di sadvantages. text messaging. In the United States. and have you ever seen such huge phone bills? More serious. someth in g that is becoming a freq uent occu rrence. discuss these questions. used for essential arrangements.1 Reading skills a Look althe pictures of phones. 2 Cell phones in everyday life Cellphones have become ve ry co mmon in ou r lives: recent statistics suggest as many as one in three people on the planet now have a cellphone. answering services and hands-free use for years. Add /l il y other ideas you had in Exercise l a. Answer the (!uestions. and most of them say they couldn't live without one. (Be careful : there is one heading too many. 3 Cell phoncs and the family Cellphones have made communication easier and have reduced the need for family arguments! We can use cellphones to let our family know we'll be late or if there's a sudden change of plan or an emergency. They are used in every area of ou r lives and have become a necessary tool. however. There have been huge developments in their functions.) c Complete tho table with ideas fro m the article. too: we have had caller ID. Th ey have made it easier to call for help on the highway or warn a colleague that you'll be late. They have made everyday life easier but noisier. Wri le in the correct paragraph headings. Cell phones have eased the worries of millions of parents when their teenagers are out late: they can now contact their children at any time. Of course. Th is may be a time bomb waiting to happen to you nger people who have grown up with cellphones that they simply can't live without! GLOSSARY palm the ins ide of the hand a lime bomb something lhat is likely to have a sudden and bad effect in the future ___ Unit3 RU connected? . 1 If yo u have a cell phon e. They have made it possible to keep in touch with people "on the move" . call forwarding. Advantages 1 in everyday lifo 2 in the work place 3 for the family 4 other Disadvantages _ they are noisy can call for help on the highway - Cell phones and the family Probloms with cell ph ones Co llphonos at work Cc llphones in everyday life The history of the ce ll phone d In grou ps. However.

. a lederal police spokesperson. our figures estimate that irs around 85% -that me::lns of course that about 85% of cellphooe 0NnerS use their phaoes at some painl while they're driving.'-. For Exercise 3 page 27 ~ I. the CD player on the board and see if students can predict what the topic of this lesson will be.. the foct is thot the number of accidents fNery year has increased enormously since we started using ceflphones about 25 years ago. many countries hove banned Ihe use of ceHphones while driving. Write the following two lists on the board and ask students to match a word from A to a word from B 10 make a compound noun.New York and New Jersey ..ieYter Do you feel we now hove enough evidence 10 make laws banning the use of a cell phone while driving? Wilson I think we do_ We've got very stricllows on drinking and driving. phone . In Poland. Afterwards. Ask students to copy the table in Exe rcise lc on to a separate pi ece of paper.. leaving plenty of room to add ideas from the text and from the list the class made in tho preceding discussions. really. RU connected? T 26 Unit 3 .-.Interviewer The chances of on occident are four times greatC!' . Answers will vary. tumor. we understand thol there is now deor evidence !hot the use of cellphooes by drivers increases the risk of traffIC accidents. in the lost few years. Mr. line. for example. and the punishments can be very strict.. the eel/phone..and there is some discussion 01 nationcllfNeI.. A: cell.. Which invention does the class think is the most important? As on alternative.thers horrifying! Wilson Yes.. Hove them find the compounds in the text and check the meaning of the words.iewer And what is the situation hC!'e in Ihe Stales? Wilson Not much has happened here. time.. Ask students to read tho text quickly and match the headings in Exercise lb. write the title RU connecled?on the boord. ills. and there are likely 1 0 be a lot more. but there are around 50 countries n<:JW that hove decided 10 make it ~legal 1 use your 0 cellphone <Mlile driving. Introduce !he topk 1 Reading ski lls Put studellts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 18 brieny. InfeI .. JVSl now dangerous are celtphones? Wilson Well.. Set a time limit of five minutes. IntQrviewer How many drivers do you think aduolty use !heir cellphones while driving? Wilson WeD. Only two slates have banned the use of cellphones while driving .. there ore fines of up 10 a thousond dollars and even imprisonment hlief . phone Vocabulary _n B: bomb. since and for question intonation Reading an Inlernet article Ustening an interview Speaking discussing use of cellphones Write on lhe board: the Internet. tho employee is always at the end of the phone line Can warn a colleague that you'll he late Fewer family arguments Can let our family know when wo'll be late Parents can contact children at any time family 4 Other Costs a lot to replace stolen phones Huge phone bills Radiation may cause brain tumors Divide the class into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l d .. but ot:MousIy some drivers use their phones a lot...---------.-------. lief . so why not introduce laws on talking on the phone and driving? In fact. This text contains a number of compound nouns.Objectives Grammar Topic: cell phones Pronuncicmon present perfect simple. write the Internet.-. The evidence suggests that you ore four times more likely to have a crash when using your cell phone while driving . text.. Ask students whot thaI means lanother way 10 write il: Are you connected?1 and what it might mean. The United Kingdom was one of the most recent. Thon olicit answers from the class and build up a list of advantages and disadvantages on the board. teo iIieww In the studio is Mike Wilson. If no answers are forthcoming. Wilson. the CD player. Hove a brief class discussion.. brain.-. refer students to the Glossary.iewer And do these countries enforce the laws? Wilson Oh yes.. but we are way behind many othC!' countries.. message.-. Ask students in pairs or grOlips 10 decide which they think is lhe most important invention and why. '-- Disadvantages With call forwarding. Answer'S Advantages 2 In tho workplace 3 For the . the cellphone.

Ask Do YO ll think lIsing cel/phones while driving is dangerous? Why? Do yOll tl!ink it should be JxmllCcI? Have students discuss this briel1y with a partner. since and for I-Iavo students work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise Za about the example sentences in the taxt. play the audio a second lime. ask st udents to work in pairs 10 mark the correct intonation. The oudioscript for Track 11 is on page T26 ~ 1 Do you hove 0 cellphone? 2 How long have you hod your cellphone? 3 Do you ever send lext messages? 4 Who do you normally text? Jnit 3 T 27 RU connected? . guide. where English uses the present perfect This frequently causes errors. Then ask two or three individuals to repeat. . ~- 5 Speaking skills Divide tho class into grou ps of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise 5. but olso listen and toke notes. go over the answers with the class. and afterwards ask for a show of hands to sec how many students in class sa id yes to each question. If needed..<e qRisCtefi /unch ten minutes ago.. move your hand in an upward arc or downward arc to illustrate the in tonation patt ern studen ts should be trying 10 produco. tracing tho intonation patterns they hear. Each group leader has to ask the questions ond prompt other students to express their opinion. 4 Pronunciation skills: question intonation Play the audio for Exercise 4a . 3 Listening skills Prepare for the listening exercise by asking the class whal they th ink of using cell phones while driving. Ask students 10 choose the correct answer in Exercise 2c and then check in pairs before going through Ihe answers as a class. ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3a . Write these on the board. He/she has to join in. How long ~ hove you lived in Rio? Another common error is using the present perfed for a finished even! in the recen t post with a lime marker. [t is their job to report whotthe group soid to the class at the end of the activity. Encourage the class to mimic yom hand gestures. Allow five minutes for discussion.e in Rio since 1985. and then ask a few volunteers to report b. - Students make errors with time markers cnd questions. Play the audio again for Exercise 4b. [n Exercise 4c. Allerwards. Ask students to ngure out the rules for question intonation in English and com plete the sentences toget her.j to menage the activity above. Pause the recording allor each question and ask Ule whole class to repeat. A good Wa. I've lived in Rio &~fe f9( three years. Tell Sludent A in each group he/she is the group [eoder.t ·· ~ Quick grammar 2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. / RS'.. Ask sl ud cnts 10 work in pairs 10 malch/orand sillce 10 the time ex pressions in Exerdse 2b. I·hlvo students work in groups offour to practice the questions in Exerc ise 4d. Now play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and chock their answers. Do the I1rsl Iwo as a class as examples to get students shuted. I #. As students ropeal. modeling the inlonation patterns carefully. is to assign "speaking roles: DMde the closs into groups 01 lour. Ask students to listen for intonation patterns and trace the intonation arrows with their fingers as they hear the questions. We also use it 10 discuss experiences in our lives and recently completed actions. and similar activities. Answers will vary. Next. Sludent B is the secretary. . We use the present perfect tense to totk about aclioos or stales thol began in the past and ore continuing now. Go around moni1oring and prompting students."lck to the class.- periect Common probktms and errors Mony languages use the simple present 10 refer to a situation thol slarled 01 a given point in the pas! and slill continues.

4 times greater if . Is " ta lk and drive" a danger in your country? Has your government introduccd laws about it? If not. .. the driver IS usmg a ce p their cellphone while 2 the number of drivers who use .. . Mark the correct intonation on these examples . ever had an accident while talking on a cell phone? 3 Do you think the government should also ban the use of cell phones in public places? \Ii' Taiiz and D rive: the facts Resear ch shoWS tha t : .. h banned using a ceU one p 50 countries ave 3 aroun d ----while driving.----- .' . fine of up to 1.000 4 drivers in Poland can r~cedtv~ ~ h . 4. ask and answer the q uestions in Exercise 4c. c b Do we use since or for with these time expressions? S F S F Thanksgiving two years last night 25 years F . 85. and for 1 . 6 Peopl4 a ve IIse?J IIsed cellphone® since about 25 years now.. about the dangers of talking on a cell phone while driving.. read the fac t sheet below and try to fill in the blanks with these fi gufCs: 2.~ a poiat in the past.2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. 5 Phone ave aever ha never hCld so many feat ufCs as ey 0 a ay. g whIle n vtng. h· S .. discuss these questions. _ 2 T (l apanes~-ve-u ... ban against the use 0 ce 5 ~erells a 2 state(s) in the U.. the British have banned /~he use of cell phones while driving. 85 percent. shou ld the government ban it? 2 Do you talk on the phone whi le you drive? Have you.. How many peop le in the class said yes to each "a" question? 5 Speaking skills 1 3 Listening skills a You are going to listen to an interview with Mike Wilson.. k of having an aCCident IS _ 1 the n s . 50. 1 11 Have you sent a lext message today? ..used cell phones for ~ ~ -w since the late 1970s..000. a police representative. In wh-queslions the voice usually goes down..' U hone.. Complete the rules about question intonation bolow. b When did th is happen? 4 ~ . tn on y _ RU connected? Unil3 . onlO f llphones while driving .. 1.(fave ) ~ exi ed or since 1963. . --~=~a Is you r cellphone on now? b Why? I Why not? --. 4 ~:S .iP'..-i "' dco 7. In yesi llo questions the voice usually goes .. 1 Do you have a cellphone? 2 How long have you had your cell phone? 3 Do you ever send text messages? 4 -. S my last bIrthday 1995 c Choose the simple past or present perfect. Listen to the questions and repeat them.E'a Listen to the intonation in theso questions. Wi lson and check your answers. In groups.. b Who did you send ii1'o'? 2 a Have you paid a cell phone bill recently? 3 a Have you ever felt irritated by-~-cell phones? b How much did you pay? - .. Answer the questions. b Listen to the interview with Mr. The cellphone revolution(fegai'D/ llas begun in tho 1970s. or since if necessary. since and for 4 Pronunciation skills: quest ion intonation a Look at the parts in italic of the first two sentences in the article. t h east ten mlllUles t IS mornmg I S .. or has anyone you know.. 4 Choose the correct words: We use fo r With€·o. 3 In 2003 . h dn Vlng IS . d In groups. Before you listen... commercia l ce llphone.. S .-. e use since with a period of time I~ ~ b tile past...!!IL. 1 What tense is the verb in each sentence? jJresent perfect 2 Is the action or situation in each sentence fin ished? no 3 Which sentence focuse s on a sit uation up 10 now? cellphones have been a ro und . dollars for p . Who do you normally text? - ---...

c) in real life but I've lost touch with a lot of friends since I started surfing the Net.. 7 How do you feel if you haven't checked yo' e-mail or been in a chat room one day? '---"" a) Not good .. I even buy my groceries online.. The Internet is rapidly replacing TV as the most popular form of home entertainment. It's too dangerous. I've never spoken to a stranger online. but we still haven't met face-toface.. c) I've never tried e-shopping but I think it's a good idea .to check my e-mail or to do .Netizens Speaking skills a In groups.. won'b) Regularly! I usually spend at least two hours a day surfing.. Is your answer still the same afterwards? b Ask your partner his or her answers to the qlliz. Now take the quiz..... a) Never. b) Okay. 5 How often have you spent three hours or b) I get to work early so I can have some more on the Net? time alone to surf the Net and chat. b) I spend more and more time online andY don't see my friends very often. c) I go online most da~.. 2 I have more friends .. In fact. I can always go online tomorrow.. c) No. '- Unit3 RU connected? . I don't have access to the Intemet. T 4 Have you ever met anyone over the Internet? a) Yes. but it doesn 't affect my life. I've started dating one of them. of course. but for practical purposes .some research. So how about you? 00 you have your Internet use under control? Take this quiz and find out. Do you agree? 6 7 8 9 10 Internet addict or Internet phobe?.it's simply not safe! bJ I haven't been in a real store in over a year. b) Yes. 1 Have you ever surfed for more than three hours online? When? Why? 2 Has your computer ever gotten a virus from the Internet? When? What happened? 3 Have you ever taken part in a chat room? Who did you "chat" wi th? What abo ut? 4 Have you ever downloaded files from the Internet? What kind of files? 5 Have you ever sent an attachment? What did it contain? Do you receive a lot of attachments? What are they about? b Who is the most "connected" in the group? 1 Vocabulary: the Internet Match the words and phrases with lhe correct definitions. online " " ~ a spend time online looking through Web sites surf ~ b connected to the Internet a virus c a computer file sent with an e-mail message a chat room d information that you store under a particular name log onloff e move information from the Internet to a computer crash f disconnected from the Internet offline g start/finish using a computer system downloa h when a computer or program stops working suddenly a file a Web site people lise for exchanging messages an attachment a program that enters your computer and damages or destroys information 1 2 3 4 5 3 Reading skills a Do new developments in information technology affect your life? Which of these phrases best describes you? I'm an Internet addict. Are you addicted to the Internet? 1 Which of these is closest to your morning routine? a) I always log on at home. If I need to find some a) in real life. I have an Internet phobia. 6 Which of these descriptions is closest to .--. 3 Where do you do most of your shopping? a) In stores. hours looking online. c) No problem. often anyway.. and social lives. information. I might spend a couple of b) online. you? a) I've never been online. I could be missing something.. you or your partner? Look at page 149.. I use the Internet. work out your partner's score and read the analysis.. t hardly spend any time on the c) I only log on when I need the Internet for Intemet. studies.. Who is more addicted to the Internet.. lots of people. I realize an hour has passed and I am late for wo~ again. discuss these questions. note them down and discuss Ulem.. and in some cases this has had a negative effect on their work. I don't use the Intemet th... Many people are spending longer amounts of time online. c) Only occasionally. I'd never buy anything over the Net .

working with the same partner as before. If the questions in exercise 2a seem difficult for learners. if they connot. You may also want to review the pronunciation of each of these words wi th students. Afterwards. and write notes. At this point. in. Then ask them to d iscuss the questions in groups of four to six.not on the phone or tnternet VocabukJry - Have students do the tasks in Exercise 3b . After each question is read aloud. see (someone) directly I in the Hesh . Write these definitions on the board if students are having trouble understanding the text that uses them. Circulate among students. or write to friends any longer dote (someane) '" arrange to meet someone that you are aHracted to meet (someone) face-to-face". There are a few words and phrases in the text thot you may wish to check. students which phrase/s) describe them. write new vocabulary on t ho board. ask a student 10 explain the question or. poraphrase the question yourself in terms students will more likely understand . Introduce !he topk 1 Vocabu lary: th e Internet Ask students to work in pairs to match the words and defini tions. with. hove students WOI'k in small groups to discuss their answers to rhe questions. RU connected? T 28 Unit3 . 2 Speaking skills Give students a few minutos to read the questions in Exercise 2a . quickl y Rsk for a show of hands from the class to see how many chose each phrase. Elicil their answers and write their list of words Ofllhe board lor if you prefer.oy being in a small.Vocabulary lead-in 3 Readi ng ski lis Elicit the meaning of addictlsomeane who con't stop doing on activity) and phobia Iteatl. chocking for difficulties in understanding the tex t. think about thoir answers. oboun. having thom repeat after you. speak to. using examples you think students would understand. ask volunteers from each group 10 come up and simulloneously write their lisls on the boordl. Ask stu dents to take the quiz indi vidually. After ooe minute ask 0 each group how mony words they thought of. . Divide the closs into groups of lour. Then ask Ask students to tal k to a parlner and find out their answers to lhe questions in Exercise 3a . Write the following phrases on the board: I'm addicted _ I'm obsessed _ using Ihe Inlernel I'm not inleresled_ I'm worried _ Ask students to tell you what the miSSing prepositions are Ithe answers in order: 10. Teillhe groups thallhey hove one minute 1 write down all the words connected with this topic they (on thinl: of. She has claustrophobia and does nol en. If needed. hove a volunteer read aloud the questions to the whole claSS. crowded room.Objectives Vocabulary the Inlernet Topic: the Internet Reading Writing writing a magazine quiz ·char Write Computers and the In/ernet on the board. Examples: He was a drug addiel who bought his narcotics on the slreel. lose touch with (friendsl '" not see.

Before asking students to read the chat in Exercise 4c in pairs. invite your partner /0 0 party ask for help with homework ask about your partners weekend plans talk about football ask about your porlner's family ask about a topic of your choice Have each pair perform one of the above tasks when chaning. set the scene by asking a few questions: In an online chat. Ask Whot are some potential dangers of on online chot? Is it a good idea to share personal informah'on (name. -. Ask students if they can give you examples or lhe kind of abbreviations and language they use in their own language when texting or chatting online . telephone number. monitoring and h elping with idoas. what ore handles? What are the handles of the two people chatting? What are they clwtting about? Ask students 10 rewrite the chat in stondard English. Ask students to work in pairs and foll ow the instructions in Exercises 4d and 4e. Answers will vary.4 Writing skills Ask students to work with a different partner to discuss the questions in Exercise 4a.Itemotive Additional acIIYIIy Hold a closs discussion on Internet safety. Move aro und the room. address) with a stranger online? Why? Why nat? Unit 3 T 29 RU connected? .:ercise 4b. You could provide some 'framework' for the choning by giving each pair a lask to perform. Then ask students in pairs to match the techniques and examples in fu. Write the following list either on the board or on individual cords Ihat you con hand out to pairs at random. Remind students to chock the Glossary fo r unfamil iar terms.

studying Angel with a halo soys: what 4 Dancing a nd singing says: exam in 2 weeks Angel with a halo says : :( Dancing and singing says: oh yeah! Btw u going 2 j's party fri Angel with a halo says: no gotta study :-< Doncing and singing says::( u looking forward 2 weekend? Angel with a ha lo says: sure what u doing? Doncing ond singing says: football gome sal. annoyed.::::= c Read this chat between two friends .::~2 :::::::=:--. Can they understand your conversation? RU conne<:ted? Unit 3 . GLOSSARY From: To: Angel with a halo says: how r u Dancing and singing sa ys: im good u Angel with a halo says: good 2 what u been up 2 Dancing and singing says: not much . Can you understand it? (Usc the glossary to help you if necessary.-0'" Dh . 2 Choose your "handle". e Look at your cha\. Chat is like a mixture of speaki ng and writing. 1 Find a piece of blank paper._ 3 abbreviations 4 'bil C U ellips is (leaving out unnecessary words) ~ gonna buy a c diane can you come saturday d :-) (a smile) e have to go . 101 = laughing out loud ru ok= Are you ok? 2day = today cld = could. 4 Pass the paper to your partner.. 5 Write your handle and the next comment on the piece of paper you now have and pass it back to your partner.. and chatters use d ifferent techniques to talk online. 1 What do you know about chatting online? 2 Do you have any "online" friends? Have you ever wrillen to a stranger onli ne who has become a friend? b Chatters normally have n icknames.) 3 Write your handle and your fi rst comment. shd = should Ie = I see I I understand btw "" By the way n U :: And you? bfn = Bye for nolV ttyl = Talk to you later '-- d You arc going to "chat" with your partner. Change anythi ng that you wanl to and then pass the paper to another pair. then probably sleep in afternoon Angel with a halo says: 101 Dancing and singing says: n u Angel with a halo says: shopping! Dancing and singing says: (0_0) u shd be studying Angel with 0 halo soys: yeah 101 gotto go ttyl Dancing and singing says: yep bfn :) Angel with a halo says : cu 18r bye :* Emoticons :_0 = scared :( :: worried. 6 Continue chatting untit you decide to stop . Use the glossary to help you and remember to use abbreviations and ellipsis. Follow these steps. Match the techniques on the left with the exam p les of chat. (See Exercise 4b.) Try reading the dialogue aloud with a partner. which they call ·'handles". answer these ques tions.'V 4 Writing skills VVV V a in pairs.-) = a wink :-< = sad Abbrevi ations cu lar : See you later. no! (0_0) = shocked :* = a kiss . or really thinking :-):: a smite .talk later f cool ! wicked! lSr 5 slang 6 emoticons -. 1nol much punctuation g~ 2 informallangU~~' :~===~.:-:============~~~:::::::::::.

Who d o YOn b In OUr soc' lalk Jely we have a 101 of 0 peo I on . Amazingly. has recently broken up with her parm er. is a good 30 time to Stop." Liz Barry says. els of New Y ork."." Barry and Wetzel came to New York only a year ago. on Ihe street bOJ"o ~ people to talk to th ~LO.I/ and Liz talk I try 10 help them s~l~eobl~ all tlie streets and J BilJ and Liz e t Cu problems en courage . Barry and Wetzel figure that now. .c 1 BilJ and Liz arc strc psycholnoi I .0 s s workill g On the B. ~~. Liz and Bill. in their 20s. A young woman with purple hair. in chal Pportunilics 10 to do you think tha t la':ket~~I~I~o~~lain Ihal 'hC~::IO~~~~ ~~I y Jsa 10 talk 1o Ihompisls. hurried hectic busy fu ll f d ' 0 actIVity ozens a la~e number ( one dozen . boYfriend/girlfriend P wah your 2 You are havin . d 2 Reading skills a Road the artic/e Summary. qUIckly.Liz Barry NEWYORK (AP) . set up their sign and listened. J v: . " Taking a little rime 25 o ut from a busy schedule to talk to someone you've never met can change your wh ole outlook forever. use the be. Liz Barry and Bill Wetzel have just settled into 5 two chairs against a wall. but they have already h eard m ou sands of stories like these. have discovered mat talking is highly therapeutic for New Yorkers. They have walked the streets and avenues.It is evening rush hour in the Times Square su bway station . near tears.col/Phones. Y leve it is tome "Taking a little time to talk to someone you've never met can change you Jorever. after a year. "TALK TO ME. 20 in large white letters. . for the n ext two hours. Ons.> em th erapeulic. Two 17year-Qld girls talk about their science class.Talk 1 Speaking skills a lnp' iscuss these si'uati 1 You 've just broken II . A middleaged man gives his 15 views on politics. p eople do. Who do yo u taU: to? class Wh 8 problems with y . 2 . but it's unlikely to be something as original as their "Talk to me" project! GLOSSARY frant ic busy. Before them is a sign that reads.12) > > RU connected? .perhaps the most frantic time of day at the most hectic place in the busiest dry in the country. She hasn't gotten over it yet and sh e wants to talk. Dozens 10 of them. Choose Uw best talk lo? au have m OIi C . They still h aven't decided what to d o n ext. 0 do yo u talk lo? OUr SCi ence BIl'S. Y problems.

Bill. She's become an old friend.. Bill Yeah. RU connected? T 30 Unil3 . "rm just being friendly"" and then we talk. 2 Reading skills Ask students to read the article and choose the best summary. they way they've grown up and settled down. Infefviewer So you think listening is on important .. really. Answers will vary. thors right. uh . Ihe oclor. For Exercise 4 on page 31 ~ tnterviewer So. In whol situations do we tolk 10 people we don't knoW? On the boord. they think we're cops or researchers or weirdos or something . Bill No. Interviewer Yeah.y. we're very lucl:. I simply ask them "how's your day?" tnterviewer And how do they react? Bill Well. We hod same money to start with. Bill rye just spoken to a guy about how difficull it is to find work in New York. she's been to see us three times already. start to feel happy again set up = put in position Vocabulary 13~------------------------------------------------------. but some people still hoven" learned to just toll:. Remind students to check the Glossary fo r any unfamiliar vocabulary. Uz And we've mode a lot of friends. they say. settle into. buying something in a store. Interviewer One final question. to each other and to 0 listen. How have you been able to do this financially? Bill Well.Objectives Grammar Topic: falking fa people Vocabulary verbs of talking Reading a newspaper article Ustening a discussion Speaking discussing problems adverbs used with the present perfect Write on the board folking to strangers. build up a IIsl of their answers. how do you get people to talk? Bill Well.asking for directions. Ask students. but we have been insulted by drunks. they might tell us to move on. the way they date.: get comfortable in (a chair) break up = end 0 relationship get over". Answer: Summary 3 The text contains a few phrasal verbs that you may wish to check. Suggested list: starling a conversation with strangers 01 a party or in a club. our shaes have even been stolenl Interviewer Really? Uz Yeah. anyway. Introduce the topic Ask Is it easy for you fa talk to strangers? Why? Why nof? •• 1 Speaking skills Ask students to discuss the situation s and questions in Exercises 1a and lb in pairs. But there's a very nice lady we know who gives us a little money to I:. though that's all gone now.. "What are you doingr and I say. but we haven't had any serious problems . all day: Interviewer Have you ever had any hassle from the police? Uz Yeah. we've already had a little hassle from the cops. dealing with customers 01 work. that's right. Interviewer So what have you learned from Talk to Me? Bill Well. asking for help on the street . so we manage. We've tried 1 explain. People don't understand us at first. Afler 45 minutes he said. "' could stand here and loll:.eep doing this. you remember Estela. sure. we've learned a lot about the way people work. skill? Uz Yeah.not yet. of course Uz Some people find It very difficult to listen. Yeah.

and focus on understanding and rememhering what the speaker said. the adverb may be ploced between have and the main verb or at the end of the sentence. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with the present perfect For Exercise 3a . Set up Exer cise 3d by modeling two or three sentences about yourself. Checking meaning As an alternative to translation. 5 Vocabulary: talk Ask students to try to explain the words in italics in Exerc ise Sa to each other first. This is not intended to be a conversation between the two partners but rather Speaker A and Listener B.it means "' expect this 1 happen in the fu ture: 0 Still is "negative" . Briefly go over the answers with the whole class. Ask students to liston and compare their predicted answers to the actual answers. Concentrate on the differences in form between the two words.Let students decide on their answers to the questions in Exercise 2b in pairs before discussing them as a class. and then ask them 10 read the questions in Exercise 4a and predict the answers. Before asking students to do Exercise 2c in pairs. Point to the pictures on page 30 and ask Wha! are they doing? Why? Put students in pairs. Encourage the listeners to paraphrase. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise z d in small groups. Ask the question in Exercise 4d to the whole class and elicit answers briefly. help students find and underline the adverbs. Quick grammar guide: adverbs The key point is where the adverb goes in the sentence. Answers will vary. do the first as an example: Ask students to find them in line 5. ~I have finished. The difference in use. in the present perfect. Unit 3 T 31 RU connected? . II's more fun! For example: complain = briefly oct out person complaining in Q store argument = move to and fro. and then ask them these check questions to make sure they are clear about the form rules: Which word goes at the end of interrogative and negative sentences? (yet) Which adverb is only used in negative sentences? (still) Which adverbs go between have and the past participle? (just. already) Which adverb can go between have and the past participle or at the end ofthe sentence? (recently) Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3b. Then ask the groups to discuss the questions. what their partner communicated. Then ask students to write their own sentences and read them aloud to a new partner. Encourage the listeners to keep quiet while their partners speak. Elicit feedback from the class to make sure students understand all the words. as in these examples: I have already done il. Go around the class and help. 4 Lead in Listening skills Set the scene by reminding students oboulliz and Bill. or say in their own words. pretending to be two people arguing gossip = pretend to whisper in someone's ear. I ~ hove finished. honds on hips. Typically. try miming the words ond having studenls guess. Ask students to check the things that have happened to Liz and Bill. Play the audio a second time for Exercise 4c. with the present perfect The two English words still and yet present a prablem as they are often expressed by only one word in other languages. The oudioscript for Track 13 is on poge T30 Pi. OR I have done if already. Answers will vary. and then look astounded Ask students to do Exercise sb in pairs. Then point out that it is a pronoun that refers to the words Liz Bany Qlld Bill Wetzel in the previous line and that it is used because the writer does not want to repeat the people's names. is subtle: Yet is "positive" .it means "This should have happened by now: Common problems and enors Students put the adverbs in the wrong position in the sentence. Play the audio for Exercise 4b.

Life is stressfu l in a big ci ty . (You don't have to use exactly the sarno words. too. a The action happened in the immediate past.. 3 them {line 10) people 6 it (line 30) what they 4 Someone has robbod them .. what? Z Have you /rad an argument with anyone recently? What was it about? 3 Have you shouted at nnybody this week? If so. there a re a lot of lone ly people. RU connected? Unil3 . non-s top city 80 people nonna lly have no time to ta lk. Student A: Choose a topic from 1-7 above. you? 7 Do you ever gOSSip? If so. In a big ci ty. What do they refer ~ c Listen agBin. 1 Have you ever complained about anything? If so.. .. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with th e present perfect a Find these adverbs in the article: just." 5 "Have you seen Mary at all?" "Mary? Yes.!:!!!. why don'. Bill? All typos . Z I haven't .~ '-- b Read the article again." up with her partner 2 They've had sorious problems with the police. 1 I still haven't . d Discuss these questions. (used with questions and negatives) yet c The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future.it is therapeutic. Are you a good listener? Try this activity. and doesn't need to be repeated. then discuss the questions. who with and when? b Good communication is not only about speaking. wi/hollt interrupting. 1 " Have you finished your homewerk ~?" "I haven't even started it ~ !" 2 1 can't talk now. what would you talk about? d Why do you think "Talk to Mo" is popular in New York? Suggested answers: New York is a busy. .." b Match the adverbs in Exorcise 3a with their meanings. perhaps before expected.. just b The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. yet." talk to you? 4 Why have Liz and Bill encouraged people to 3 Have you had any trouble with the police? stop and talk to them? They believe that it can 4 What lessons has "Talk to Me" taught you? c h a nge I. reverse your roles.iI's good to talk.) Student A: How good a Iistenor was your partner? When you have fin ished.coplo·s outlook . and tben repeat what Student A said.teenagers. recently e The action has happened. still. middle-aged men 1 How do you get peop le to talk? 3 How do we know that New Yorkers like talking? Z How do people react when you invite them to They have heard "thousands of stories. 4 Listening skills 1 What impression does the writer give of New a You are going to listen to an interview with Liz Yorl:: in the evening rush hour? It is very busy. what kind of tbings do you talk about? If not. ... 3 I've just . Imagine you are Liz or Bill and answer 2 What type of people stop and talk to Liz and the interviewer's questions. finished cooking dinner and we're about to eaL 3 "Any luck with work?" "No. Student B: Listen. . 5 I've recently . Answer the questions. I've J. Then compare with a partner. ['ve already done it. New Yorkers are ramous fo r heing talkative. bu t listening. d Complete the sentences to make true statements about yourself. 4 • 1 z How would people where you live react to "Talk to Me"? Would you stop and talk to Liz and Bill? Why? I Why not? If you did stop." "It's okay.. already. very soon before the moment of speaking. prepare to talk for exact ly one minute. (used only with negative scntences in the present perfect) still d The act ion or actions happened not long ago." do next 5 They've made some fr iends . what made you shout? 4 Do you know anyone who boasts a lot"! Who are they and why do you think they noed to boast? 5 How do you persuade people to agree w ith you? 6 Do you ever discuss problems with your parents? If so. already c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 34. I still haveu 't found n joh.. 2 do (line 9) tnlk to them 5 these (line 20) stories J They've insultod someone who was drun k." 6 They've made a lot of money. 4 "['II feed tho dog bofore we go out. Wh ich of these things have to? happened to Liz Bnd Dill? 1 them (line 5) and BJL it (line 17) breaking 1 They've spokcn to someone without a job . Student B talks for one minute. Find these words in the article. she's stayed with us a few times recentlv . check the meaning of the expressions in italic. 4 I've already . and Bill. Note the way they are used and complete each sentence below with one of them. yet. 5 How have you boon able to do Ihis fina ncially? 5 Do you think that Liz and Bill have gotten any benefits from their project? ~ b Listen to the interview and compare your answers with Liz and Dill's.. recenliy. 5 Vocabulary: talk a In groups. .

A page in a magazine that gives you information about Web si tes is a Web Kuide . B. cartoonists. is a Web site .npr. including new vocabulary. scientists and writers. I failed my English test.com / Hilarious site bringing together over 7. from blues to rap. G http ~/ www. musicians. A.humorlinks. ' Here you will see the funniest jokes and pictures from around the world. How good is your Web vocabulary? Match the definitions below with the words in the box. E http :lJwww. political activists. "m E D c Unit 3 R conneded? U . Questions that Int ernet users frequcntly ask are called FADs o http:)/www. they're my favorite rock band and I wish I could find more of their music. from American comedy to Australian cartoons.1 Warm up a Tho World Wide Web has created a lot of weird and wonderfu l things. anestapenglish_(om Here you will find listening activities . 3 A con nection between one Internet file and anoth er is (I link 4 The row of small pictures on the screen that you click on 10 perform particular acti ons is tho Icoluor . I wish she was here. bound to fail it.bbc. She always cheered me up with her jokes. 2 A software program that finds and dis plays pages from the Internet is a Web browser. philosophers. mostly of the multiplechoice variety.(a. 7 8 9 10 11 12 across the screen is the scroll bar .liter!!nmet.bbe. down. c httgJJwww. environment and adventure.ca. Over 50 news stories categorized under headings such as crime. You can listen to radio programs or select a range of special features . A pago or document that you can read on a Web site is a Web paee . A small pict ure on a computer screen that opens a program or performs an action is an icon A program that looks for information from many different Web pages is a search engjne . 5 Tho long narrow line at the edge of the screen usod for movi ng information up. organ ization. home-page URL Web page scroll bar 1 Tho plnco on the Internet that appears first on your com puter is your home page. I just bought the new CD by The Darkness.an excellent source of authentic English.updated each month -from the online magazine from Macmillan. elc.ukLbbcfau rL audiainterviewsL Hundreds of faScinating interviews with famous people from every walk of life: actors. If only I'd worked more on my listeningl I miss Pilar. or (j B http://www. The un ique address of a computer or a document on the Internet is called a URL A place on the Internet wherc you find information about a particular subject. Each story has a range of activities focusing on_ comprehension and vocabulary.G .org/ NPR is an American radio network with an extensive audio archive . D I haven't done any studying for the reading comprehension test yet. icon link FAQs Web guide toolbar Weh site Web browser search engi ne This week's Webguide~ A http :Lwww.000 links to humor Of every kind.u kLmusi elJ iste n lots of online music from classical to jazz. painters.orz lennsf I F antastic site from CNN. I wish I knew more aboul Johnny Depp! I haven 'I read anything about him for ages. b Read the Web gu ide on the right and recommend ono or more sites for the people below.

cheer (someone) up 0: make someone happy I'm bound 10 . You may wont to check some of the difficult vocabulary items from the text and review their pronunciation. Then ask students to skim the web gu ide all page 32 to find useful sites for the speakers.Objectives Topic: the World Wide Web Writing Grammar Reading simple past. 0: Vocabulary irs almosl certain 10 happen 10 me exlensive == very large archive = collection or store hilarious = very funny RU connected? T 32 Unit 3 ... Note the pronunciation: icon t alkonl FAQs fef el 'kjuzl t . Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing them with the whole class. and then let them check with a partner before going through the answers as a class. used to a Web guide do.. be used to doing. CJ Pronunciation guide URl/jual'el1 scrotl Iskroull Write on the board: Click on Find Choose Search Extension activity Then tell students that you have switched your computer on and you ore on your home page. using the verbs on the board and computer words from exercise l a. but you wont to go on the World Wide Web to find out exactly how old the Earth is. I wish / if only a lecture Ustening a lecture Speaking designing a Web site Ask students a few questions about the Web to introduce the topic. When was the World Wide Web invented? How often do you use the Web? Whafdo you use it for? What is the most useful function of/he Web? 00 you have a home page? What's on if? Introduce the topic 1 Warm lip Ask students to match the words and definitions in Exercise la . Ask students to give you instructions 10 find Ihe information you wonl. Read a loud the quotations by the people in Exercise lb.

if you wont your Web site to be easy to use. and you easily get lost or waste time. people need to know if the site is relevonlto them. I mean how we move around the site from page to poge. A n sw ers (extra points m enti oned on audio) reliabl e. the site should be as free as possible of odverti sing ~ this is another form of garbage that the user doesn't want to see popping up atl the time and gening in the way of the information you real ly need. a site mop.he/she has to ask the questions and make sure everybody contributes. accessible. .. I~ Okay. Today we're going to look at Web sites again. n a. Ask stud en ts 10 com p l ete th e Jist i n Exer cise 6a and th e table in Exer cise 6b .. and then go over the instruc ti on s in Exercise 2 with the cl ass. trans p aren t navi gati on uncl uttere d d esign wit h clear text and good u se o f p ictures n ot to o m an y c ol ors or 100 many pic tures free of adverti sing. t T • 4 Feedbac k Ask one stud ent from each group to present thei r gro up's Web si te i deas . 5 Compare Pl ay the aud i o for Exercise 5. Group organization Before doing the lask give each person in the group 0 role: Student A == group leader . T h ro ugh out Exer cise 4.2 Task D iv i de stud ents into groups of four. Second. so I like Web sites that have very clear links ond site mops: Well. taking into aC(Qunt the needs of the surfer. 6 Not ice Play th e audi o fo r exercise 5 again . "I wish Web sites were simple and easy to follow. an d th en present i t to the class i n a fu lure lesson. T h en h ave th e class vote on th e b es t Web site. Fourth. so the site should indicate very carefully and clearly exactly what is there_ The third point has to do with navigoti on.with too many different secti ons ~ the page should look open. A sk st ud ents to p rin t ou t their favo rite home p age. Repeat th e audio for Exerci se 5. With the Internet. but even good content can be unreliable because it con go out of dole very quickly. the content: is the content rel iable? This is a key point because there·s a 101 of garbage out there in cyberspace.il is his/her job 1 make notes of all decisions and 10 report the ideas to Ihe class. 7 Foll ow u p T hi s work s w ell as a homewor k task. ask yourself the following five questions: First of all. the page shouldn't be cluttered . lost week we looked at Web sites fram a designer's point of view. Also. Ask stud en ts to write d own an y ex tra point s men ti oned i n th e lecture to add 10 th e cl ass list on th e b oard. tmpartant navigation features are the toolbor. let"s begin. so you don't gel lost and waste time trying to work out where to go nex\. you want accurate.it is their job 10 think of interesting and unusual ideas_ Studenl D '" group secrelary . Finally. so you don'l wont to use 100 many different colors. Students Band C = the "ideas" guys . and not too technical: and "I need to get the information I wont as quickly as possible. build up a list on the bo ard of features o f a good Web site. up-to-date conlent shows clearl y wha t is on Web site usable. By navigati on. Design includes clear text and good use of pictures. Many people I've spoken to obout Web design soy things like. how usable and transparent it is.. in this talk. You want a fast download time. up-to-date information. and links to other relevant pages. We'll assume thai you don't write garbage. So. but from the point of view of the user. 0 3 Prepare En courage each grou p to m ak e revi si on s to th ei r home page after comparing it to th e h ome page i n th e unit. but don·t use too many pictures or the download time will be too slow. and inviting. what about design? Are colors used to good effect? You often find colors make it more difficult to follow the site map. Now ore there any questions so for? Unit 3 T 33 RU connected? . can the user tell what the Web site is about? You see. I'm going to give you the basic points so you can go ahead and design a usable ond attractive Web site.. incl udi ng ani m ated pop-u ps \? @ t t . Now. reliable. A sk students 10 listen and say w hat points fro m exerci se 4c are m en t ion ed.

You will need to site should have. Can you add any other not cluttored . on your list from Exercise 4c does the speaker 1 Who is the Web sile for? What are their interests? mention? 2 What "'ill the Web site contain? (Articles on ~ b Listen again and add any points the speaker things such as sports. opon. Complete the table with positive Prepare adiectives and phrases about good Web design. a Choose a home page from a site you like and print it out. inviting.~~ . ." WOfy .04 l atest on Genesis Probe + Read More . Do you wan t to make any revisions to your Web site? 3 7 Follow up 4 Feedback a Present your idea for the Web site to the class and explain your home page. HUMANS IN SPACf . Check how many of your poin ts are usable.NA TIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMI NISTRATIO N + ABOlTT NASA -+ For Kids + NEWS & EVEHTS + MUlnM~DIA -+ POPUlAR TOPICS IF IT'S NOT SAFE.04 Station Crew to Join Far. up-ta-dato Content of this page.04 KSC Cleans Up After Frances 09..".09.09. a You are going to report your group's ideas to the Listen to the lecture again if necessary.09. 5 Put your ideas into action . . science... In your groups. clear c Now go back to your list of poin ts.04 Cassini t=inds New 2 Task You are going to enter a competition to create a Web b As a class. RU connected? .01. Web site . ~ a Listen again. -"-<' . points? Design accessible. tips for mentions which are not on your class list. learning Engl ish: help with homework?) 3 What will appear on the home page? Think about 6 Noti ce text. and links. 10 I!ASA + For Students FIND IT C NASA ' + AO'IANCED SEAJICIl _ 1:: . rest of the class. music. finally. Which points and then design the home page...Out Powwow + Read More + Read More + Photo Gallery 09.. trarll>pareut Navigation covered by this site. important things a good Web site should have. Make notes on what is good about it and what could be improved. How does the speaker list her 4 What makes a good Web site? Think of your points? Complete this list. vote on the best Web site. favorite Web si tes and make a list of the five most First of all.olLe accurate. Fourth .03... b Present it to the res t of the class. present the concept of tho Web site and the home page to the class and they will vote on the one they 5 Co mpare like the most. .. discuss these points @ a Listen to a lecture on Web desig n .'0 .design the home page! b Notice how the speaker identifies the good points in Web sites. sito for your class... and your group will have to c Make a class list of the features that a good Web design tho home page of the site..04 Station Spacewa lk Successful 09. SAY 501 Rofgl. List the main points about your Web site. View Video EXPlORIPlG lliE UNIVERSE 09.. The third point .~ h Look at the home page from a Web site at the top Yet. photos. Second . etc.09..

. e.. • Recent actions or actions that we expect to do: I'vEI just had some coffee (a few nToutes ago).. used for periods of time We've had these dogs for five years.. since . write them into the correct column in the table.. 1 The President has never been overseas. I ahJady fed the cat.. 7 Kevin and Jackie have just had their third child..to say somethlng has happened n the recent past I've been to the movies 8 101 recent.. usually with a specifIC time reference... No.-l> 3 Have you seen the new James Bond film stilt? James Bond film yo>t? 4 Louisa has recently made a lOt 01 new friends.ing in the p-esent: Jack has worked for Ford since 1975.. I boasted ahout huw I won the competition . Vocabulary Summary 1 IT and Internet words Look at the IT words and expressions in the box. Note: In informal American English. Fann We form the present per1ecl with the auxiliary verb have + a past participle.to sat that an actoo has not been done.. or something meal to the manager.. Th en . discuss discuss something (with wmeone) Co. but I've never been to Argentina.. Check the correct sentences and correct the wrong ones. I wetJI there last year. We haven't met Anna 's new boyfriend yet (but we expect to).g.. recently .to ask whether an action has been done (Y to sat that an expected actiOn has not been done (question and negative form 00y) Have )OU called your mother yet? No. and add more words of your own.. Can I go naN? yet . "--' Okay. Fran has I never been ... tI «I 5 We haven't been to a good party since two years. 8 We've been to a concert in the new auditoriun.. 4 Did Amanda tell you all about Mary's new boyfriend? Did Amanda gossip about Mary's n ew bo yfri end? 5 Iwas unhappy about the hotel room and I told the manager.. I haven 't 2 Words connected with talking Look at th e meaning o f these words in Lesson 31 a dictionary. tI To tal< about actions or states n the past but thai have some effect in the present. With this use of the present perfect. link FAo.to ask atxxJt experieoces that have happened at least once up to now (question form onty) Have you ever been fa London? for ... We tOOk an amazing cruise down the Pacific coast... in the simple past tense: I've been to Chile.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect \ Five of these sentences are incorrect. need to do it). Jack works for Ford • Experiences that we have had in our lives (at an unspecifIed time) and that we may have again: I've been to Chile. more information. In fact. we've been 1(' one last week. we're have an arglJ'TlElflt with I had an 8rg. and he agreed.for very recent actiorls complain about someone We complained about t. about th e hotel room. she hasn't bought a used car. w e went to one last w eek . ror two years. too. done. web guide web site web browser search engine scroll bar to New York twice. Affirmative: "ve been bought 8 car. I p ersuaded Sam to come with u s on va cation :--' 2 We disagreed strongly about politics. 2 Adverbs used with the present perfect just ... . He's just went out..nan a continuing action started. .. •• . I've aJroody fed the cat (so you don'. gNetl. yoo'vs persuaded me to come this Karen gossips about everyt>ody so don't tetl her any secrets! someone to do SCltTlElt!Ylg gossip about someone evennr' '--' gossip ge"". PAST 1975 PRESENT tI Jack Slant W()(king for Ford. • Actions Of stales that began in the past but thai are contn. Word or phrase Useful phrases complain have an argument shout at boast Example been there.Jd I discuss my amuar-' raise with yoo Icx:iay? 1 I gave Sam alilhe reasons why he should come with us on vacatior. He's j ust gon e out.ten we expect it to be done (negative form oriy) We sill hav&l't heard from our daughter il AusttaJia.. 2 Don't wait for Janes..to state how k)ng an action has been in progress. v. 100.ment with iT'" someone about something brother about his friend~ ~ persuade " " '.. the sinpIe past is often used n sentences >Mthjust and aIra:Kfy: J attachment icon link FAOs Web guide loolbar Web site Web bro~ search engine homepage chat room crash download file go online 1 offline log on 1 log off scroll bar surf virus Web page Computers The Internet ~ Both <>a. 6 Fran neyer went skiing but she hopes to go next year. ever .for actions completed earlier than expected I've already flf'lished aI the questOOs.. 3 I told everyone in the room about how I won the competition. We had an argument about pol i tics. The errors can be in the present perfect itself or in the use of the adverb. and check th E" meanings in Lessons 2 and 4 1 a dictionary if you need to.._ 1 persuade someone that shout at someone boast about something (to someone) Don't shout at the call Simon's always boasting about his expensive sports car...to state. used for a particular point n time I haven't seen Simon since Monday. womod. bought. My sister has just Question: Have you ever been to New Itlrlc? Has she bought a used car? Negative: No. we often go on to add ~. We've just cJeaned the catpet.'A tool bar Iile <= homepage chat roo m go OIlIineloffii oe surr web p age download "--' v irus log on I log 01T I just had some coffee. .. u. Whi ch word from the table describes the situations below? Rewrr. already ... I haVen't called her yet because the phone isn't working/ s till . beErI. Unil3 RU connecled? .y.. Pfease take your shoes off.. the sentences using a word from the table.

s aL-ways Ie as ""II as /k5l' flf . The cratty choodle departed on time for a change. If it isn't.. Discuss the c lues you used to discover .he I:J1e afon.1im< ¥ .r th. . 3 Write a short explanation of how you figured out the meaning. 0 u appines is a quality that we don·t all misfortune to enjoy..e:dUes m '!5fI $.a1he. Tis:hJe:. b You can also use word formation to discover what a word means.l cWftad/.. analyze these words in the same way as complete the table and say what they all mean... b Discuss your answers w ith your class or group. 1 Write as many quesHons as you can about the nonsense words cratty and choodle.sm:m.r enCe:red /:he. fiau. type of text.w.. 2 Every time I come across a new word..U o c Choose the correct word in italic. important new you learn from the reading texts. Use a dictionary if necessary. He refuses to buy a cell phone and won't use the copy machine. "The »O"»u2n h. 2 Happy / have t 3 critici~ We know it's sharp. ~7-l'ea. nouns. noun. 4 Applying what you've looked at a Read this text and decide which underlined words or phrases are important to understand the text. look at the sentence and answer the questions. TiS:hJe:. > L.. In pairs.e_n k_:' M 2 The word agree is the base word or root. meaning. and adjectives to create the opposite..n.J was a!mud a.. ccmp!eJ:e kgtn-ney and /lad fuui 1 ku. like a knife. 1 Careful reference /<§i&encW is€sent~/ essentially in a research paper.g:so.i /k.ded fJU1 a ~y a'Yl:u:le awi f.r..uuh alL r.. . n felt salisfied critical her wo . 2 undisciplined 3 replacement 4 unhappiness un . to discover what it means. so it's a tool for cutting down trees. Then try to guess more or less what the important words or phrases mean.a!e a<m"".e !uui ?Ole ~. verb. I immediately look it up ~<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan from Unit 2: Making key pals In pairs. »a. "ltdL the I:e:xl. I have to give this presentation next week and I know that you're really goocI at that kind of thing. know something.I:!. f<. use the context to guess the meaning of the words in italic. and it's a tool. rfly Jir1c .. new words. ~ in a dictiOnary or ask my teacher.s J? 2 What kind of word is chood/e? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence..an 7 ~ wi my fuw m dest&Yl1Pon.ud.J L."""Y ""iI h-r1c fo-maL f=m. 1 Note the page reference. etc.is used with some verbs. 2 First of all. I ignore it and carry on. RU connected? Unit3 . ~ :sr~that her bOss sa estruetio workers.U 5 recyclable 2 Using contextual clues to figure out m eaning In pairs.. usually negative. 4 The earthquake wa SIron strongly enough to 3 Pete's a real technophobe. !:.Z C> Z 01:: Figuring out meaning 1 Dealing with new words when reading a Read these strategies and check the ones that you have used when reading.. I stop reading because the text is too high for my level. 3 If there are a lot of words or phrases I don't know. J cd-ml} pd up ""iI hand and <n [nglsh askd ~ -new teaJ:hey.). out and their meanings.qr.se4 high!¢< allik ~-11" <M nd 7M 1m "»as 5 /umcti. 3 Using structural clues to figure out meaning a You can also use information about the type of word (adjective. a k1t of destrue Unemployed is causing 4 Hey. Did yCXJ search for information on key pals? Have you made a key pal? In pairs. 1 The man used a sharp ax to chop the tree down. you figured Note: You will need to show these notes to a dassmate at the end of Unit 4.an. I reach for the dictionary.d m en t n ess able Ull .errnan Ms= 'Whd lund q: chaxiIe. ACTION PLAN [> out the meaning of new words Your action plan: figuring words During your next few English lessons make a list of arr. ~ ."i! aImt Ik 2 ~""'"9 f=m . 2 Ust phrases. the noun made of three parts: prefix root disagreement is suffix ~~~ 1 The prefix dis. 4 I try to figure Qut the meaning from the context. and title. b Discuss your answers with the ctass..snt1. the meaning. 1 If I don'. For example. can I pick. 3 What kind of word is cratty? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence.wnung JlA. Jane. I ask myself if the word is important in order to understand the text..3 .. talk about your action plan from page 25.. 3 The suffix -ment indicates that the word is a noun... disagreement: ::J >- o o Prefix Root 1 misunderstanding mi s under stan d discipline p l ace h app y cycl e Suffix in s 0.dpfu1ty s... your brains for half an hour or so? de"". ?!74uer fl!l!t nach 1& ilM". etc. c:tu.

4 I at u early and write for a couple of hours and the~ usua y go I'm usuaJJ oing fo r II walk.a Choose the correct tense. a b c d e U only 1 had the money to buy 8. 3 My boss fired me. ( ) I wish I hadn't insulted her in fro nt of the other e mp lo~. new car. Look at the example and underline the remaining mistakes. If only I bad fin ished my major. 2 I've gained a couple of kilos during this vacation. want to see that movie again -I've already seen it six times.I'm used to working here. S Have you ever taken part in a chat room? d Complete these sentences with the correct fonn of used 1o or be used to + . please? 3 I didn't use to like (not/like) gardening when I was young but now I lovo it! (you/play) with toy trains when you were a kid? Did you use to play (you/live) in the country now? It's so quiel compared to tho town you moved from. Could you turn it off. 4 Have you finished that assignment yet ? We have to hand it in tomorrow. used to play (play) but I'm too old and slow now. S We broke down on the highway and had to call for help. 3 moved Mve Icmt 1 have traveled 4 b as lived 2 m et 5 have had c Complete these sentences with five of the adverbs from the box. . Write the corroct form below.ing verb and the verb in parentheses. If only I didn't have to work so bard. since for just already yet ever recently 1 I don'. 2 I live a lone back home but right now I share IEsharj~n apartment with my sister. s ex weeken d I go / birthday party. ' /11 goin 0 m y grand father's 75th b There are six mistakes with the simple past and present perfc<:t in the essay on the right. simple present or present progressive. ~ 3 I'm only in California for a year or so ~ taldnBY 1 take a postgraduate course at UCLA. Z I've studied English since I was s ix and I still make mistakes. 1 I left collage early without a degree. 4 I have to do two jobs to make enough 10 survive. I 2 I am not used 10 working (not/work) with music on. My Hom etown. 1 Water is boiling ~t 100 degrees Celsius. I wish I hadn't gone out to restaurants every evening. 1 I don'l play soccer any more. 5 Are you used 10 Ij Y in ~ • e Match the problems with the wishes and regrets. 3 I've worked here for a long time and don 't want to leave .

. but life is really hard but also the interest and I can't afford that. connection Net Web sile scroll bar home page log on online John Hey. We all respected ffi' . I try to be optimistic. yo.'ve ~ad a lot of bad managers in m y mcompetent. • persuade complain boast shout gossip disr.ked lip a 1 virus when I was surfing the 2 Net Luke Oh ... c. [ used olle and it worked. I wonder if you can help me. or d. g Underline the odd word out. . John Great. . apart from 2 . 3 ~dependent ' didn't k ' In our work . You can 5 download them onto your computer.inht now . a.. Of course. and I. 2 friend l ~tmosPhere in the workplac! _ we all gan to see each other SOcially She en?Ouraged us all to be .. a". I -'oed her what my options were. whict11 really don't want to dO. ~ . b. 2 I shouted as loudly as I could <'II Ihe child."". attract friend create relax cooperate respect real organize romance independence h Choose the correct word. I Wef1t to the bank for advice the other day. 5 Have you heard? Joe and Helen had an enormous argument and aren't talking to each other anymore._--_. for everybody Sh a smile . But I'd like ~bou~ my last boss. __ . Luke r can try_ What's the problem? John r think I pir.f Complete this text with the adjective form of five of the words in the box. good to see you. Toe fact is my salary IS JU low.. each other: we worked wdJ With a team and with h as her. download attachment file crash toolbar viru:. right away. q.e was not only experienced e Clent. more money from the bank. 1 Z 3 4 a a a a 5 a using @ pending lending ~aking owes b ends keep waste win b save ffi've c making ~ iSSing c aski ng d ?rrowing c borrows gives d guard c Jarn d gain Complete this dialogue by choosing the appropriate word or phrase from the box. no! So what h<'lppens to your computer? John Well.. money. . we were 4 COOperative. P y and Created a SPlCit. ". don't only repay the loan The Ideal Boss ~me.a lot of money recently and I needed some acMce from my loan officer. and 5 organized b ' communicated a enl ' ut she great te'm . She w: ~e~:r~u re axed SOrt of person _ sh' c never seemed uptight or nervous and she always had time and '. e managed to create a pleasant. Only five words or phrases are used.they love to talk about other stars' secret lives. every time I try to go 3 online ..I have so many obligations nowadays that I right now. Could you send me the details? Luke Sure.sh er. Complete the sentences with the correct form of five of the words in the box. some . 1 Eyes : bl<'lck/blue/brown/green 2 Wine: red/white/black/rose 3 Hair: blondlbrown/vellow/black 4 Meat: red/white/brown/dark . aggressive.she were fi eep telling us what to do _ we ree to work on our Own A result. spend everything I 5 .. ay. I haven '\ heen able to send any e-mails for days! Luke I know a very good 4 web site that provides really good anti-virus programs free.ussion argue 1 Our neighbors complained about the noise during Oill party last night.. 3 Noth ing you say will persuade me to cross Niagara Falls on a bicycle! 4 Actors are well known for gossiping about each other . to fill in the blanks... whe!1 a bank 3 .I get this message saying an error has occurred and the computer just switches itself off.. cold. I've been 1 ..y . ' yo. It's difficult for me to 4 •. but she couldn't hear me.

The four people in the article below are a lso at the party and are not talking to anyone right now. -_ • 1 Reading skills a Imagine that you are at a party. Did you choose the person that the wri ter suggests is the most attractive? GLOSSARY a uribule ]lOslurc A positive foature of someone or something the way we hold our bodies as pire desire ilnd work toward something Unil 4 Together . Which one wou ld you talk to? Wh y? b Read the article quickly.~i 1 _ .

I know Dove from way oock . I'm from New York. recognizing and simple present) expressing interest Ustening a conversation Speaking discussing intentions Ask students What do you do fa make a good first impression when you meet people for the first time? Write students' suggestions on the board and add (or elicit) the following: smiling looking cool listening folking a 101 being funny Introduce the topic asking questions 1 Reading skills Set up the prediction task. near the airport A Hey. and the flight leaves very early in the morning . I've never been to Michigan. A Really? That's interesting. do you work with Dove? a No. maybe some other time then. are you Iddding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. Uh . I suppose.. Whal a pain! a Well. 50. I'm going to try that new salsa club on Friday. I'm sorry. Irs from Italy. I bet you realty get to make some interesting discoveries. when you come on your own. Do you travel a lot? B Yes. and then ask students tu read the text quickly and answer the question in Exercise 1b. Are you having a good time? B Well. A Yeah . ThaI's fascinating. we do I suppose. See you later. it was really fasc inating. A Hi. A Yeah. rm from New York lpause) So. no. look . A That's tru e. Do you live near here? a Well. nothing exciting B Nothing exciting. A I'd kwe to. we're going to try and go every week if it's good. A Really? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. I'm a flight attendant. rve just come bock from Coracas a wow. How interesting! What exactty do you do? A Oh. How interesting. A Where ore you from? B Michigan. Do you mind . What exactly do you do? A Oh. I can give you a lift oock if you like. a Oh. I have my car here. B Don't worry. I mean. a Me too. I oought it in Milan. I'm flying to Paris on Saturday. nice to meet you.. irs great I've met some rea lly interesting people. A Hi. irs not so diflicull when you're in the some town. it was really fascinating. this is Jane. so do I. F minutes on Ihe bus to get ifty here. "~--------------------------------------------------------------. A That's true. look I'll give you my number . 15 For Exercise 2a on page 39 !ioI A Hello there. it is. no. iI's not so difficult when you're in the some town. look I'm actually waiting for someane. A Oh. but actually I'm staying with my friend Rachelthat's her in the black dress O\lef there. A Hey! Sa do II B So you're in the Iravel industry. B Yeoh. too. no. we do. Come along some other time. well.Objectives Topic: attraction and communication Pronunciation Reading a scientific article Grammar future plans and intentions intonation: (going to. I think Fli go get another drink. I'm meeting some friends on Saturday . maybe. rm George. delighted to meet you. yeah. A Really? ThaI's interesting. I've never been to Michigan. A Hi there. In fact. that's rea lly nice of you. welt. a Is it? A Do you like it.. B Hi. yeah. B Wow. nothing exciting a Nothing exc~ing. sure. being a biologist? B Irs okay. thanks.. the way. A Yeah.sorry. present progressive. on the other side of town. a Okay. right so you're in the travel industry. what do you do? B I'm 0 research biologist A Wow.sounds great. it's okay. okay. Together T 38 Unit 4 . but irs a lillie difficult you know. I've just come back from Caracas. by a Okay. I'm Rachel. A Nice shirt Did you get it here? B Heavens. Point oul the Glossary.we were in school log ether.sounds great A Yeah. on the other side of town. ore you kidding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. I know. lpause) A Well. A Nice to meet you. okay. - C Lauro. me. How do you know Angie and Dove. I know Dove from way bock . then? A Angie and 1worK together. George B Yeah. Are you enjoying the party? A Yeah. A Well. Jane. I am. Caracas . near the airport. I think the JXlrly's great.we were in school together. Caracas . A Where are you from? B Michigan. laura. maybe we could gel together one evening? How aoout Saturday? A Oh. a Yeah. A Well. since we live near each other. Set a time limit affive minutes. A Good party. lpause). a Yeah. A Oh. Yes. B Yes. Are you enjoying the party? B Hello. We went to a fantastic salsa dub there. . A Wow. right? B Yeah. ThaI's fasc inating... A I mean. Why don't you come along? What are you doing on Friday? A Oh. a You like salsa? A love it.we're seeing a play at Ihe theater. I'm a flight anendanl. A Oh. She lives on the next block. what do you do? B I'm a research biologist.' For Exercise 2c on page 39 !II A Do you work with Dove? B No.. A Really? You've kept in touch? a Yeah.. sure. Do you live near here? B Well.

to copy the intonation pall crns they hear. inten tions. Answers will vary. 4 Grammar review and extension: future plans.ld thi s again as homework. Play tho audio for Exercise 2c aga in.j overuse the simple ptesentto lalk about personal arraogements.1 I'm going to play tennis tomorrow. the more "exaggerated" the intonation. The difference is subtle and often either fo rm can be used in any situation. Realty? Thafs interesting. the man sounds very bored. and arrangements If students need help wit h Exercise 4. 3 . Answers: In 1. UI is arranged. Ask st udents to complete the conversations.it is the decision you have mode. ask students to say who sou nds interested or bored. and then have student s roport briefly to the class. Caracos . Answers will vary.sounds great. In conversation 2. exaggerating tho di ffe rences in pilch. Play the aud io again. the court is reserved. ore you kidding? Wow.! Common PfOb'ems and errors Students m(f. and 4 . the "other" person gives up and goes away. it is important to get students to reolly exaggerate when repealing the "interested" intonation patterns from the recording. with a slight difference of implied meoning. Monitor students and listen for common mistakes. Play tho aud io for Exercise 2e. Students should be using present progressive fo r fixed arrangements and going to for intontions. Wow. scheduled events. both women sound interested: their intonation has more high and low tones. so do I How interesting! Nothing exciting. The audioscripts for Track 1 5 and Track 16 are on page T38 ~ 171-------------------------------------------------------------Really? Thors true. or assign students to Tei. Play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and repeat line by line. the man sounds interested . fThars my de<ision. Ihe simple present is nolo common future form . as needed. the more interested people sound. 2 Listening skills If you wish. and arrangements in the Grammar Summary on page 4G of the Student's Book. t\it 5 Speaki ng skill s Have students work individually to plan fo r one o f the si tUlI\ions. Going to is used to emphasize the intention rather than the plan or a rrangement . Quick grammar guide: future The present progressive is used to talk about personal plans and arrangements that have been ful ly planned and fina lized. he uses a flat intonation . I fJI9y tennis tomorrow afternoon. 1 3. Ask student s to listen and match the conversat ions wi th the people.Ask studen ts to co mpare their notes from Exercise lc with a partn er. In 2. You may need to play and pause the recording to allow students to wri1c their answers. Hey. Pause after each conversat ion to elicit studen ts' illlswers. Then put them in pairs to discuss their plans. Thofs foscinating. I'm ploying tennis tomorrow.0 and a ppears to be wai ting for someone and wants the other person to go away. Because English tends to use a wide intonation pattern. Ask students to listen for answers to tho questions in Exercise lb. As they listen. they make friends and arrange to meet. In English. and they seem to like each other and are making friends. review the ru les for expressing intentions. first ask students to predict what they thin k the people in the pict u res might say in each conversation. no one can stop me. Tho woman sounds bored because of her flat intonation: she does not seem interested in the man. 3 Pronunciation : intonation Quick pronunciation guide The "flatter" the intonation. Conversely. Ask stud~nt s to discuss Exercise l d in pairs. plans.it is only used for impersonal. Play the audio fo r Exercise 2a . Unil4 T 39 Together . Answers: In conversations 1. the more bored people sound .

1 A Do you work with Dave? B No. Caracas Sounds great . We're sccing a play at the theater. no. So. using the correct form.) 1 person _ 4 _ 2 person _ 3 _ 3 person _ . we do.. 3 her parents I take her / airport (Th is is their intention. yeah. travel) and your preparations (e. 6 game I start I 3:00 / afternoon (This is the scheduled time. A Yeah._ 4 person _ . ThaI's fascinating . clothes. Wow. 5aluniOJi. How interesting . I'm a night attendant. 1 I'm meeting some fri ends on Saturday. nothing exciting. intenti ons. but you want to make some new friend s.we were in school together. it was really fascinating. Do you live near here? 8 Well . not a plan? 3 c Which example describes a very definite plan. You won't know anybody there.g. . 2 The fli ght leaves very early in the morning.. describe the future? Write P or F. such as a schedule? 2 II:: 2 Listening skills ~ a Listen to four conversations at a party. (The people in the pict ures are the second speaker in each conversation. . Discuss the notes with your partner. Where did you moot? What do you think first attracted you to that person? 4 Grammar review and ex tension: future plans.. it's not so difficult when you're in the same town.c Make notes of what the writer says about the four people in the pictures. F 5 Jeremy always arrives late for the class.) I'm going to stay at home and watch soccer on TV tonight. then write sentences from the prompts below.g. P c Read the information about the ways of express ing future plans and intentions on page 46 . B Nothing exciting.) 5k:s Illf"U 10 7ioa<knd on. Do you agree with th e writer? d Think of your best fri end or boyfriend/girlfriend. Make notes of your plans for tho situation (e. B Wow. I suppose.) Her parents are going to take her to the airport. and arrangements a Look at these examples and answer the questions. 1 she / fly I Thailand I Saturday (She bas already bought the ticket. A Hey! SodoJ ! 2 8 So you're in the travel industry. 1'111 going to wear Together Uni14 3 Pron unciation: intonation ~ ~ listen to the exchanges again.) The game sta rts at 3:00 in the afternoon. are you kidding ? I bet you get to see some in teresti ng places ._ ~ b Listen again and answer the questions. F 4 I'm staying with my cousin in Chicago next weekend. I've just come back from Caracas. 1 Are you enjoying tho party? P 2 We're leaving for Paris noxt Monday. well. Remember to show interest in what your partner says ! I'm going to a party on Satllrday. Match the conversations with the four people in Exercise la. A Well. conversation topics). 5 Speaking skills a Choose one of the situations below. on the other side of town . b In pairs. Really? That's interesting ? I've never been to Michigan. I'm from New York.) Her fli ght leaves at 7:30 in the morning. What exactly do you do? A Oh.) \-Ve are playing in the soccer fina l on Saturday. 1 You're new in this town and you have been invited to a party on Saturday. A Rea lly ? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. talk abou t the si tuations and what you in tend to do. . Listen and repeat the phrases that you wrote in the conversations above. A ThaI's true . a Which tense/verb form is used in each example? 1 '" present progressive 2 '" simple present 3 going to + infinitive b Which example describes an intention. times. near the airport. 3 I'm going to try that new salsa club. 3 A Where are you from? B Michigan. Who sounds interested? Who sounds bored? Why? mtonation shows how interested we are in a penon or a conversation.\. I know Dave from way back . F 3 My train arri ves at six on Wed nesday. 4 1/ stay I home I watch soccer I TV tonight (But I could change my mind.. You haven't met them before and you want to make a good impression. 2 Your hoyfrielld's/girlfrielld's parents have invited you for lunch. what do you do? 8 I'm a research biologist. 5 we I play I ill I soccer final I Saturday (It's in the program. b Which sentences describe the present and which What is tho outcome of each conversation? 2 Which conversa tion is the most successfu l? Why? 1 Listen 1 these short exchanges from the 0 conversations and complete them. 2 her fli ght I leave / 7:30 / morning (This is the scheduled time.

Some futuri sts predict that in 100 will+verb years. and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer [Q the first question is really quite si mple: marriage is no lo nge r the necessity it o nce was.. [) 2 The current trend and predictions for the future nrc for an increasing divorce rale. more than 50% of first marriages survive. In fact.. and married men generally consider themselves m o re contented than their single counterparts. so they don 't feci that they need to stay in a failing marriage. @j 3 A good marriage can bring a lot of benefits. tal k about successful marriages that you know. If •• · teen d connnucs.. arc the statistks deceptive with regard to people stayi ng in fi rst marriages? 4 . 0 GLOSSARY flx tra marilal outside of marriage gloomy dnprcssing. \Vhile the rate of divorce has risen. many couples now cohabit and don 't bother to marry . d But what are the reasons for this. UI IS first it will lead to the break-up of the eonditional family. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriges. is marriage not a necessity for women any longer? Z . 1 . In addition to this. the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. but they do not So is m arriage really an outdated institutio n? The fact that m ost people still get married indicates that it isn 't. Match the paragraphs with the four brief summaries. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs. and the rate is increasing.. b The institution of m ar riage has been based for years pa rtly on economic need. In answer to the second question. And it is also tr ue that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences.. 1 The statistics may give an unnecessaril y pessimistic impression of marriage and divorce. What makes a good marriage? Couples have to lenrll 1 accept each other's differen ces. pessimistic cohauit Iivl! together (as a couple) counterpart SOlIlIlo ne in tht! . C appear in either the marriage or divo rce statistics. Women used to be economically de pe nde nt on their husbands as they usua lly didn' t have jobs outside the ho m e. Going b and the evidence suggests it is going . Why do you think people gct divorced? Are there as many di vorces in your country? b Read the art icle quickly.. Why .Marriage: a dying institution? 1 Read ing skills s One in Iwo couples in th e United Slates get divorced. . [li} - !aJ THE STATE OF MARRIAGE TODAY • Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! c Find reasons for these facts in the article. so marriage is still quite popular. this is no lo nger the case..~ame POSitiOll as another persoll Unit 4 Together . the ratc of divorce in the U nited States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now. according to a spokesperson t for the N ational Family Association. 4 The increase in the divorce rate may be the result of changes in society. docs the number of cohabiting couples not affect the trend? 3 .these couples are effectively married. the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much. . is marriage benefi cial to men? d In pairs. such as heart problems. the average American will marry at least four times.. to+ver to get worse. and will+verb extramarital affairs will be even more common than they arc now.

Ask students to work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise lc.Objectives Topic: marriage and the family Vocabulary the extended family. Answers: 1 They are no longer economically dependent on their husbands. Extromarllal affairs = relationships outside marriage Gloomy picture = negative view Economic need = need for financial support Pessimistic outlook = negative view of the future Outdated institution = sociallrodilion that is not modern and needs chonging Vocabulary Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise l d in pairs. Tell them to discuss the questions and look back at the article to research their answers . Set a short time limit (four minutes) to encourage students to skim the article. Introduce the topic Elicit two lists of advantages on the board. Together T 40 Unit 4 . You may wish to point them out to students. There ore a number of collocations in the text. going to. 2 Because they do not appear in marriage or divorce statistics. Divide the class into two halves. and then ask students to read the article quickly and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise lb. Remind them to check the Glossary. life experiences Reading a social science article Grammar predicting the future: will. 3 There is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages.Tell half B to work in groups of four to write advantages of being married. 4 Married men suffer less from stress and feel more contented. Elicit students ' answers and write on the board some examples of the students' advice. Tell half A to work in groups of four to write a lis) of advantages of being single. Which "hair hod the most adYonloges? 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. Allow one minute. first conditional Writing an Internet posting Speaking discussing family and marriage Write on the board Being single and Being married.

•• 4 Writing skills Let students check their answers to Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing as a class. helping students with ideas and vocabu lary. helping students with any questions they have. ignoring the spoces. and thell ask them which forms they use. When students are ready. After students have studied the rules on pago 46. ask them to complete the paragraph in Exercise 2b with the correct verb forms. Model the activity in Exercise 2c by providing one or two examples. Put students in small groups to practice the vocabulary by discussing the questions in Exercise 3d. Move around the class. Move around the class. Quick grammar guide: predictions Going to expresses 0 prediction bosed on evidence now. Unit 4 T 41 Together .2 Grammar: pred icting the future Help students find and underline the predict ions in the first paragraph of the article for Exercise 2a . Common problems and errors A common persistent error is likely to be using the simple present for predidions. so thoy should write their "posting" legibly on a soparate piece of paper. Presentation altematiYe Ask students to read the Internet posting quickly. especially with conditionals. he ~ the start of the film. Let students check in pairs before goi ng over the answers as a class. Put students in pairs and make sure they agree on which statement they are going to write about. If Peter doesn't come soon. will is used to express 0 prediction thot is 0 personol opinion. 3 Vocabulary: th e family Ask students to do Exercise 3a and 3b individually and thon compare with a partner before checking answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 46. and thell ask st udents to write their own predictions and compare them in pa irs. Then invite students to rewrite them ond post them on the classroom wall so that students have on opportunity to read whot everybody has written. In troduce the activity in Exercise 4c carefully. Answers will vary. Tell them another student will read their work lator on. Additional actfvity Collect ond correct the postings and their replies. form groups of four and ask the groups to follow the instructions in Exercise 4d. Ask 0 basic question to help students understond the gist (or main ideo) of the article: Is the writer concerned about the family or not concerned? Give students a minute to ask th eir purtner's opinion in Exercise 4b.

marriage . they left the children with their own mothe r o r mot her3 in-law .before they know whether their relationship is "right".. the size of families d In sma ll groups. exchange postings. Compare your order with a partner. but in many countries that has fallen to below two and 1 will definitely continue (defini tely continue) to faiL In some European countries the average couple has only one child and evidence suggests that it 2 is Boine to get (get) worse as more couples dl. blolliea children famil y fat her half ffl-. in pairs. 3 Families where both parcnts work have sOllle Advantages.and these poo r child ren get totally confused. Then you get divorced peo ple who remarry and end up with seve ra l 3 Vocabulary: th e family a Complete each definition about the family with two words fro m the box. mothers stayed at home with their child ren. and there 6 will be (be) less money available for the sick and the elderly. In my day. then write th em in the order in which we usually do these things in our lives. I believe that these children will grow u p with terri ble problems.!UL: child re n .2 Grammar: predicting the fut ure a Read the fi rst paragraph of the article again. single-parent families 4 In the future. 4 Divorce is not necessarily bad for ch ildren. 1 A woman with children who works ou ts ide the home is a working mother . 2 Single-parent famil ies can't bring up children as well as traditional famili es. Which future forms do th ey usc? b Look at the ways of predicting the futu re on page 46. 1 Do any of the phrases in Exercise 3a describe you? Which ones? 2 Do you have any of the people in Exercise 3a in your family? Which ones? 3 How many of the actions in Exercise 3b have you do ne·t 4 Writing skills a Read the Internet posting <lbout the state of marriage and com plete it with words fro m Exerc ise 3. d . Then. Read out interesting messages to the class. Then o f cou rse there are the 4 single-parent famil ies. and two children form a traditional famil y . then complete the paragraph below with the corroct form of the verbs.. Write a short posting of about 100 words. a (f can come at any time after b) Together Unit4 . 4 If you have a sisler with a different falher or mother. 3 If you marry a man or woman with children. What can we do about this? Your wife's brother is your /m:i:J.lttw in-law mother parent single sister step tradit ional working 1 7 . which of course leads to more cri me and u nemployment. Thi s. 1 got a more chi ldren b married 2 got 3 got c a baby 4 go out with d engaged have a boy/girl 5 6 have f divorced . where t he cou ple d idn't get 6 married in the first place. c Check your answers in the Vocabu lary Summary on page 46. so they are left wit h strangers all day. 2 If more people get divorced . 3 in the fut ure.e. she is your half sister . c Complete these pred ictions in your own words.. .. an d t he woma n has to brin g up the child ren totally o n he r own. It is n't rig ht . 5 Mother. Write a reply a nd "send" tJlO message back again. 1 in 50 years. there 4 will be (be) fewer people in work. The order of the stages most often is: e. b. 1 People have children too young . 2 Your husband's father is your father-in-law . Couples need to produce an average of 2. which can't be good for them .eY-{'n-/aw. a nd if they had to work..'Cide not to have children. b Match the verbs and nouns. i..!1. 6 A man or woman on their own with children form a single-parent fam ily. discuss the st<ltemcnts below a nd choose one that you are bot h interested in.4 children.ililJ:m. discuss these q uestions. they become your ~. d Join with another pair and in groups of four. 3 will cause (cause) many problems in the future.or worse. pare nts a nd children. with t he mothe r at home? It see ms tod ay t hat most child ren have 2 working mothers. In pairs. of course. where a couple has gotten 5 divorced .. Dno of the problems faced by the western world is its falling population. c. What has happened to t he 1 traditional fam ily.. Underline four predictions ahout the future of marriage. If the population cuntinues to fall. fat her. h Do you agree with the writer of Ihi s posting? Discuss the posting with a partner.. com pare your sentences. governments 5 will raise (raise) less money in taxati on. leaving t he children with only one parent at home . c You arc going to write a posting about a related topic.

" if you were sharing an apartment with a friend and they never did any housework? a tell your friend they had to move out b stop doing housework yourself to make a point c talk to your friend about it and explain the probiem if your best friend started to make a lot more money and you were still almost always broke? If your friend was feeling really depressed after a relationship breakup? a feel jealous and ask your friend to pay for you all the time a stop calling your friend because he/she is atways complaining b tell your friend to call you whenever helshe wants if you were at a party with a friend and you met a really attractive person? a spend all evening with the person and ignore your friend b ask your friend if helshe minds if you spend the 'NhoIe evening with the person c invite the person to join you and your friend b see less of your friend because you don't want himther to pay for everything c suggest doing things together that don 't cost a lot of money c insist on taking your friend to parties. b Discuss your answers with a partner. A And Paul? B He's my best friend. d In pairs. but listen when he/she wants to talk Together . Then look at . We've been togot~er for three years and I th ink we'll get roamed some day. though.. We play b8S~n t~ether every weekend and have a great bme. Someone near " me" in the circlo is more important than those further away. if your friend had a new hairstyle and you thought it looked awful? a say "What did you do to your hair?!" b say '1l1at looks great! Which hairdresser did you go to?" c say "Sorry." your score on page 149. Without. How would your li fe be d ifferent with out them? A Who's Karen? B She's my girlfriend. I wouldn't h ave a dose friend to confide m. Do you agree? C Y and complote tho " important relattonshlps c d~~le with n amos of friends and family. ask and answer question s about your circle . him . Talk about the people and why they are important to you. What would you do . but I don't think it really suits you.Friendship 1 S peaking ski lis What kind of friend are you? Choose the best a answers for you in the questionnaire below. It might be nice if you cut it shorter.

soy. I'd soy it was my school teacher. Culture note A fair-weather friend is someone who is only friends with you in the good limes . strike up a friendship means start a friendship. Thank you very much. . t'm going to ask you to think bock to your childhood. Much more imporlont A Now. have students copy the "ME" circle on a separate piece of paper. A More importanllhan parents? B Absolutely.would you soy thaI was true for you? B Welt I'm not sure. no. you see. etc.. Your mom again? 8 Well. and. lers sIT'( up to the age of four. 17 1 20. a good listener. and sports stars like Michael Jordon. I guess my little daughter is Ihe most important person in my life now. That's easy.. B Well. if you had to choose the most important person in your life from. interesting. First. or perhaps a brother or sister. Now. Would that be okay? 8 Sure. A Well. Now who stands out as the most imporlont person? B Well. around the age of nine or len .it wasn't so long ago! A Good. A She became more imporlant? B Right . soy 1 to about 16. 2l-ish. A Oh. A And would you soy he or she was the most important person in your life then? B Oh. t think it would be the girl I used to ploy with most. who would you choose? Jusl one. A 101 of people still soy their mother for that age. for girls. Far Exercise 4 on page 43 ':IiI A Excuse me. peaple like that. what I can tell you is that your answers agree with most of the population . but I suppose after my girlfriend.yeah.. A And the next most imporlont person? B You mean. caring. do you have a minute? I'm doing a survey on imporlont people at different stages of our lives.my girlfriend. My first real girlfriend . Foe = enemy lIiterary word. "girlfriend" and then . fo r most people real friendship begins after this period..Objectives Grammar Topic: friendship Vocabulary friendship: collocations Reading a magazine questionnaire second conditional Ustening interviews Speaking discussing friendship Set the scene by asking students What qualilies make a good friend? Elicit words and phrases like honest. Now. yeah. so obviously my wife is real imporlont to me.. For Exercise lc.she become a kind of mother figure. thars a little mare difficult I suppose Ihars the age when you start looking for role models and I was crazy about rock slars and basketball and that kind of thing. A Okay. I lost touch with most of my friends and . my mom used to go out to work and my teacher. that's fine. B Four. the age of fIVe to eight years old. when I was about five to eight? A Right B . nol used commonly in speech). to when you were very young. if you had 10 choose the most imporlant person in your life. what do they mean? A Well. Right. your mother. my mother. who would il be? B Mmm. I'm 26. tha t's fine. you know. yes. 1 Speaking skills Give students fOUI or five minutes to do Exercises la and lb. A Thanks. A Right. if you look bock to that lime. well . Well. thaI's the answer most people give. and so on.. And I didn't have brothers or sisters. I can't really remember. She lived just down the street . but we had a baby a couple of months ago. go ahead. A Ah. I'd like you to Ihink back to when you were a teenager. A Thanks. bul if 1hod to soy right now. A Now. so we didn't trusl each other as much. definitely. nothing else seemed to matter . you know. Then put students in pairs to talk about their answers. 50 rd say Carlos 5ontano or Kurl Cobain. A And how about now? Howald are you if you don't mind me asking? B No. 0 B Easy . Give them two or three minutes to think of the names they are going to write in their own circle. B 50 wha t about my answers. no contes!. bul I think we were starting 10 get more competitive. You know. Now how about the late teen years.. and I'd like to ask you a couple of questions. you know. I see. A No friends? B Yeah. Introduce the topk reliable. Together T 42 Unit 4 . I think I'd say I made my first real friend about that time. Um if t hod to choose someone from that time.. I don't think so. Briefly elici t answers from the class. in sports. 3 B That's easy . irs just amazing when.? B I don't know really. B How young? A Well. I got married two years ago.not a real friend.

3 Grammar review: second conditional For Exercise 3a. II is useful to help students see the similority between If I had a new car . elicit students' answers and have them compare the survey with their an swers. Their approximate meanings are listed below: sure. If I w9wJ9 §fI now.. ask students to underline the verbs in lhe clauses in exercise 2c. students often use would + verb in the condllionol clause as well as the main clouse. buying time. absolutely = of course I no problem or I agree well = give me a moment before I speak you see. as needed. and then ask different students to come up to the board and write one of their sentences. I moon = I'm going to try to explain Put students i. Unit 4 T 43 Together . Encourage them to practice using the words in Exercise 4c .2 Vocabulary: friendship Briefly elicit answers from the pairs for Exercises 2a and 2b. condtianal Common problems and errofS Students confuse which form they should use in each clouse. and equate the simple past with such hypothetical concepts (and the post subjunctive if used in their first language!. Let students check their answers in pairs. If I were rich. 4 Listening skills Set the scene by writing on the board: porenls. boy/girlfriend.second Many languages hove the past subjunctive in hypothetical condllional clauses. or sometll/·ng + that . Ask At what stage of your life are these people mosl important? Why? Then ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks and complete the "me" column.fun / being there / something that you have to work on. besl friend. If someone at a party were unfriendly toward me. Point out that this sentence needs to be followed by an adjective. pointing out that students have to match the sentence halves and then write whole sentences. Afterwards. The oudioscript for Track 18 is on poge T42 11i. Ask students to listen and complete the "survey" column .n pairs 10 do Exercise 4d . and indicate grammatically correct answers: Friendship is . I would gel home sooner. Model Exercise 3b carefully. then complete the rules. they have little meaning and are used to give us thinking lime when we speak. Quick grammar gUide: . As you elicit students' answers afterwards. gerund. 1/F8lIeI88 around Ihe world. Play the audio again and ask students to expand the responses in Exercise 4c. However. explain that the following expressions are often used to "buy time. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. I would be upset.. Point out that were is commonly used in the first person in second conditional sentences." in other words.. Start students on Exercise 2c by giving them examples for the first two sentences. would needs to be followed by an infinitive. You may n eed to play the recording a second time. Here. and I wish I had a new car. or past + past in both clauses. in modern speech was is also used. as in the example in sentence 2 . . Since there is no such subjunctive in English. husband/wife.

family friend . / __ old friend become fr ie nds I 4 Listening skills a Who is the most important person in your life right now? Why? Has this always been the case·! Complete this table for the different times in yo ur life.If fee '»f}f /:e1.If I weren't so shy. end the friendship.f 7mf}hl 2 die . Important people in my life Age 0-4 5-8 ~ best friend . e. 4 You mean . 8 Easy . I would end the fri endship.. meel more people. 2 That's easy. .... 4 If we went out more often. sec her once a week. definitely. Who are going to be the most important people in your life'! Together Unit 4 . Can YOIl add any other words or phrases? 9-12 13-16 17-21 22-25 become friends form a friendship girlfriend real friend strike up a friendship unfriendly C [11 ~ b Listen to a survey based on the table above and complete the ·'Survey" column. 3 If [ wanted to make new friends.g.. form a real " dose friend friendship iend'\.. a .. I can't really remember. go ahead. we 5 If I thought a friend weren't honest with me.. 3 WdL. might.U· you weren't so demanding. 1 mean.. frIEnd hey once. u'Ved neay me.od/ fri end \ --- be friends M.~olutely. f . I 3 If I wanted 10 get married.. 6 One way of striking up a friendship is . I would . or could. complete each sentence with two different ideas. I would . Survey mother girl down Ule street fi rst real friend role models first rea l girlfr iend wife unfriendly . 3 a .. 5 If my girlfriend/boyfriend did something I disapproved of.. sure. well.. My girlfricnd.. Then match the condition clauses with the main clauses and write sentences in the second conditional with would. I w ould marry someone different from me.... no. '- 3 Grammar review: second conditional a Look at the clauses in Exercise 2c and complete the rule. 4 If [ had a fair-weather friend.c. 1 2 If I weren't so shy. I'm not sure . I would .If I w anted to get married . I don 't think so.. 5 b . pairs. no contest. 6 Well.. You see . My first rcal girlfriend .. make friends Illore easily. 1 If my best friend lived ncar me. 1 a b c d e f 1 marry someone different from me.. (Jb.. I 6 If you weren·t so demanding..If I thought a friend weren 'l honesl with me. 1 Friendship is ... Sure. you see. + would (not) + infinitive b Read about the second conditional on page 46. '- 2 If someone at a party were wlfriendly toward me. you would might/cou ld keep friends for longerl make fri ends mo re easily.. .. you ~ c When we speak naturally we often add little words to make our speech sound more natural. compare yo ur answers from the chart and think about the future.. keep friends for longer. friendly b Add the words in the box to the diagram. 7 Absolutely.. I would/migh t/could make friends more easilyhneet more people. my mom used to go out to work . 6 eld .2 Vocabulary: frie ndship a Add some words and phrases from the questionnaire and scores in Exercise 1 to Lhe diagram.. d Share your ideas with another pair. my mother. d In pairs. ecJ. Much more important.If we went out more oRen.. we wouldlmight/could meet more people. Second conditional = if + simple ~. 4 c . when' was abollt five to eight? 5 Well. 1 would . Listen again and expand these responses to make them sound more natural.

1 Warm up a Look at the defi nitions. Write the initials ofthree or four people on the scale. non-assertive (NA). 7 Follow up Look at the sit uations in the quiz. AG 4 I sec your point. 4 Really? Amazing. b Find tho "missing" words in these examples from 2. 1 finished ages ago. aggressive behaving in an angry or rude way. if you don 'I mind.. a ssertive behaving and expressing ideas in a firm and confident manner 3. In info rmal conversation we often leave words out. assertive. That's/How amazing. . finished ages ago. or argue with someone non-assertive assertive aggressive I b In groups. What was the incident? I had really bad food at a res/aurnnt. It is such a pain 2 Remember last summer. the convorsation. why you put thorn there. Have you been in any of those situations? Did you assert yOUl'self or not? Discuss the situation with your partner.. or aggressive (AG) language. the restaurant near the beach? Do you remember . with examples. Which of them do you tend to say? 1 I wou ld like 10 discuss this with you. When did it happen? Who wero you talking to? How did you roact? Why did you roact as you did? How did you feel afterwards? 2 Task a Take the quiz on the opposite page to fi nd out how assertive you are. and acquaintances. lei's do it your way. 3 Wasn't very assertive of us. if you say so . often indicating that you want to fight. A 5 Well . Where do you think you come on the scale below? Put a cross ut} at the best poi nt. NA 6 I don't mind what we do. Which questions do they discuss? b What kind of person do you think Rob is. willing to accept what others want above what you want 6 Notice a Look at these extracts from the conversation. Which group has the most assertive members? Unit4 Together . b Discuss th o quiz in a small group. Done yours? Have you done yours? 2 Yeah. n on-assertive not making your opinions and desires known. or non-assertive? How about Jane? 1. 1 This has happened to me so many times such a pain. I'd ask people to introduce themselves.. 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people completing and discussing the questionnairo. but in my opinion . Whore did it happen? II was in a pizza place in town . How assert ive are you compared with the other members ofyoUT group? 4 Feedback Report your group's results to the class. b Summarize what you have learned about yoursel f and others in your group. Which words have the speakers left out from the underlined expressions? 1 I still havon't done the last two. was it? Itlfhat wasn't. aggressive. attack. 3 Prepare a Check your answers with the key on page 149. using these questions. . A 2 Do it now! AG 3 That's a really dumb idea. Keep a note of the other students' answers.. .. decide whether these expressions are assertive (A). Explain 10 your partner. friends. NA c Thi nk of your famil y.

. A. When they are ready. and Cs they are aggressive. Afterwards. B. . 3 Prepare After they have checked their answers. students should make a note of each other's answers and pay special attention to the ones they have in common. Decide which film you want to see at the movies tonight. T As they are ell assertive.. The oudioscripl for Track 19 is on page T45 11 Together T 44 Unit 4 .. Then divide the class into groups pf fo ur and ask them to discuss the expressions in Exercise lb .. elicit students' answers for Exer cise s b. Tell the groups to discuss situation 1. Determine which group is the most assertive.. PresenIo1ion alternative 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to present the group's findings. but .•. Then divide students into groups of four and ask them to discuss their answers. Answer: 2 Task Ask students to lake the quiz. or C.. Afterwards. Answers: They discussed questions 1. Write three situotions on the board. and then ask students to work in pairs to find the missing words in the sentences in Exercise lib. ask students to write three or four sentences to summarize their findings. Give each student in each group a letter. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to prepare to speak. Bs they are non-assertive. Topic: assertiveness Reading a magazine Ustening people doing a quiz Speaking answering a question naire adverbs used with present perfect questionnaire 1 Warm up Ask students to look at the definitions in Exercise 1a and mark themselves on the scale.. . You could write the following phrases on the board to hetp students prepare their summaries: We found that whereas . 2. Neither . and 3. J. Jane is assertive.Objectives Grammar present perfect. An assertive statement is expressed us ing polite language (I would like . elicit from students what the difference between an assertive and an aggressive statement is. Rob is non-assertive. Ask students to listen and say which questions they discussed. Additional activity Divide the class into groups of three.. . Decide what you are going to cook together for dinner tonight. nor. help them to think of a situation and of their answers to the questions in Exercise 7. playing their roles. change situotions and change roles. . After they hove finished.. Decide where to go together for vacation. ask pairs of students to take turns asking each other about the situations. . Both . If necessary.J or conciliatory language (1 see your point.. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa . an aggressive statement is often short and rude. 6 Notice Read through the examples in Exerc ise lia a loud. and . Allow 0 couple of minutes for each role-ploy situation.

you find out so much about yourself.remember lost summer. and we all sitlhere and soy nothing. Every day. the restaurant near the beach? Jane Yeah. right? Jane Ah. Okay. Jane Really? Amazing. I don·tthink irs worth ge"ing in a fight. What about number 1Wo? Rob The restaurant. Rob Okay. remember? Wasn't very assertive of us! Rob No. Jane How are you doing? Hove you finished yet? Rob Nearly. Unil 4 T 45 Together . Jane Yes. this is a funny one .such a pain! I stop the car and gel out and tell them to leave the space.. rd ask people 10 introduce Ihemselves. I haven't checked !he key yet. so I'd jus! drive off. we still don't know each othe(s names. . On 10 the third one. I still haven·t done the lost two. don·t you? Rob Do you? I'm not sure. in our Spanish closs. Sut we just left it. What hove you got for number one then? Somebody's just taken your parking space . Jane What do you do? Rob Well. This has happened to me so many limes . yes. I love dOing these things .. finished ages ago. you're right. I hate not knowing people's names . Done all yours? Jane Yeah.For Exercise 5 on page 44 . so "bo. so I can't really soy. What have you found out then? Jane Well. me too. The food was terrible. Jane Really? rm amazed..you sow itlirst. Rob But irs so true. I've been in that situalion so many times. but the restaurant was very busy. we've both seen examples of thot . Well. Rob Right.. parking.

. Do you win and do they win. take our questionnaire and find out who you are. I have an argument with them and then drive off in a bad mood. you're probably the assertive type. a Tell your friend firmly that you value your things and would like them back. b Tell your friend that they're behaving like a thief and you won't lend them anything else. or just loseil Do you always win.n. b I suggest to the teacher that we all introduce ourselves briefly. . What are a few books and CDs compared to friendship. c I go around introducing myself to everyone. But enough talking. but have you considered . b I insist that the other driver leave the space. c. . Do you usually find yourse lf losing while the others wint Then perhaps you're the non-aggressive type. ( I threaten the manager with legal action . I suppose you're right. Say nothing. whereas the others normally loset Just maybe you're the aggressive type. . if that's how things normally happen. . a I drive off without saying anyth ing. toot Well. Together Unil4 . What do you dol a I've never heard so much garbage in my life before! b I can see what you're getting at. b I leave it on the plate. You've lust joined a c s 0 twenty students Rnd you don't know anybody' name.Win. anyway? '- a I complain to the waiter. a I avoid using people's names and refer to them as "he" and "she" . ? c Yeah. win.

I'd probably go to Europe. appointments made. John's flight arrives at 16:20. I'd get 8 new job. we would buy tickets for the festl'nlJ. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning of the sentence. U I went abroad next year. girlfriend 3 Life stages go ~ out with a boy / have a baby ~ girl ~ get engaged ~ get married Unil4 ----------------------~ Together have mon3 children ~ get divorced . 3 five ways of describing a friend in a positive way best friend.) I'm going to feel bad tonight. schedules. (Phil is unlikely to going to get 8 promotion. 0 em't have a big tnJse. win I won't + infll1itive If Malia goes to the party. I'll give a lot of money to poor people. 1 fax expressions that mean statt a fri€ndship become friends. very definite rootine or scheduled events.g." Adjectives: ftiencIY lXlfriendly Find these words or phrases from the lists above./ Sometimes going to and the present progressive have little or no difference in meaning: What are you doing this weekend? W1lat If someone famous were coming. the Republicans will win. She's going to get manied. -We can put the clauses in either order. prog.RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Future plans." If + past. ""--' 2 If I I /win I lottery I I I give 18 lot of money / poor people U I win the lottery. Vocabulary Summary 1 Family Types of family: traditional lamiy one-parent / single-parent / step prediction that depends on a futtxe cx. lflhey offered me a new job. Frs! conditional - on past evidence (often election. and arrangements Fann 4 Second conditional U . I'll accept it. one j. . hea". close friend .. It is possible to use other past forms in the if clause. (otten with time adverbialsj We're leaving tomooow. S two words that suggest a romanti: friendship boyfriend . then she might marry him.. we could move to the country. and other modal verbs (usually might or could) in the main clause: +""'" the tine 0 1 speakKlg definite plans: tickets medicine. are you going to do this weekend? If you are IJ'lsure which form is correct. (I'm not you. with think and adverbs such as definitely. strike up a friendship 2 ooe wf1'o/ of describing a person you have I<ncrM1 lor a long tine old friend ff + present.e. We use might when the result is less certain and could when there i element of ability or possibility.:. I'd be much happier.-e Simple present "esent booked.: " Phil got 8 promotion. baSed 00 SCfl'lE!thOg we can see.. use gohg to. would I wouldn't + infinitive If M8Iia went to the party. They aI'Nays do \AIhen the economy is bad. or feel at the time of speaki"Ig will / won't + verb personal opinions about the future and predictions based It's goilg to rail. form a friendship . I'm seeing John tonight. I'll cancel the babysitter: We can put the clauses in either order: I'll cancel /he babysitter if James Is staying at home tonight. good friend. plans or intentions: 8 decision made before Examples I'm going to study We use the second oondiOOnal to talk about a future result or action • 's lX1IikeIy because the concition in the if clause wi probably not be fuIfitt. I'd give a lot of money to poor poopl new iOb III accept it lflhey offer me a new job. The first conditional predicts a Mure result dependent on a future condition: If you wert hard. real friend 4 ooe way of desCfibing a friend in a negative way fair-weather frie . lcimity Family members: workJ:"'9 mother step mother / fathef I brother I sister han brother I sister mother / father I brother / sister~in-Iaw 2 Friends and friendship 3 First conditional Collocations with adjective + noun: best friend cbse friend fai'weather friend good friend geat friend old friend real friend _ Collocations with verb + noun: be friends become friends lorm 8 friendship keep friends make lriends strike up a friendsr'Compound nouns: frierdship boyfriend gI1friend "- Us. first conditional and one in the second conditional. If he told her he loved her.) I think the Democrats will probably win the lfl won the lottery. No. She might marry him if he tokJ het" he loved her. O'~ had too much to eat. etc.) We also use this conditional when the state or action in the if clause-contrary to a present fact: "I had a big house. e. I 'll ask for an autograph.) Fo. 4 11 / I / meet / Nicole Kidman I I /ask / autograph If I meet Nicole Kidman . Fo. Avoid repeating the verb go when you use going to: We're going to go to the movies. concerts The concert starts at eight o'clock. you'll pass the exam. If J met Nicole Kidman. then I wouldn't go. U. he wiD bite you. intentions. )( We're gotJg to the movies. I' ll probably go to Europe.. '-1 If II go / abroad next year I I /probably go / Europe If I go abroad next year. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning ' the sentence. make friends.) "I were you.nc:jOOn ""'" fuIf"'" If you continue to amoy the dog. then I won 't go.:. It is possible to use other present forms in the if clause of a first conditional: If James is staying a/ home tonight.. I'd accept it. I. Make two complete sentences from each set of prompts. 3 If I they I offer me I <J 2 Predictions about the future Fonn Use Examples gXlg to + verb predictioos for whK:h we have eVdenoe rv::m. great friend . I'd ask for an autograph. (look allhe clouds..

a RII in the blanks in each of the definitions below vvith introduction.. . For example.anl in a happy famuly. the famuLy Wiay and .. 1 50me 1 The pwp(. fO/rl'li. Before you read an example of a discursive essay.e nu-mUr of di. I believe that .. Here are some possible essay titles: LMng in a small family is better than living in a big one..pess their 'ViewS clea. many pe<Jf/.enimg IS a great sI<.. ~ >- 1 The fut ure of the traditional family is under threat.a/.*..p:Jrtan/. /. Step 5: Write the final version of the essay. Study the list below and then add at least one example from the essay to each category. ' .heiy ~S .e cl... However.ren!. Although To sum up.1n .. d is 'W'I'On. Of personal reasoos.e and this ~ of c.Y main body can be made up of two or more paragraphs. ~r fuu a ngN 10 e-:r. . compte1eLy.. the writer argues for or against a main point of view. then. Jiyfl of aiL.cd. o. is true tfuJ1 there are a td of pessures on. . It also introduces the main idea of the essay in one sentence that can either come near the beginning or the end of the paragraph.ey..e.. It is not true that ._ _ _ _ _ ! _~e:r<:tVt: oiLgalums 'n the family. Technology has made life today easier. Farst of aJl.. in about 250 words.d 1m.--'. discuss this question: D:J you think the tradition8l fam!ty unit is in danger? Why? / Why not? ~<K1 REVIEW Review your action plan: figuring out t he meaning of new w ords In pairs.i!L wIu.ety 10 disappw. show each other and talk about the important new words you learned from the reading texts in Unit 4 . b Under1ine the main idea of the essay in the introduction and in the conclusion. Being rich does not guarantee happiness..:. b When you have fi nished . and the punctuation. complete paragraph 4 in the essay on the lell.. 2 The conclusion summarizes the main points dOCuSS6d.t:me to imprcrve ~s wIlkn the famuly .e.J o 0. Answer 2 is the best title.h.~...m 1:0 k groi Wt:e-n. ~. • Jina1Ly.. - ~ ~ ~ &:II: 2 Thinking about the main idea a Look al these three titles for the essay below and then read it. Socond.I ieliew thd d is im.. 'n = ." -ve'1f ''''f'J>'Ia. compare your answer with the model on page 149.i"Ve 4 Using fixed phrases in an essay a We use many fixed phrases In writing formal essays.. AliAo«gh wd. Which title is the besl one? 3 Organizing a discursive essay This type of essay is usually organized into three parts: the introduction. 5 Applying what you have learned a In pairs. .hem is a th. main body. tfus is 6ed adl. in fi/l:y years (JY SO tile 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly wJl k <kep T/..stru. of the essay are discussed here.. The arguments for or against the main dea.>----.ch. &n.. f ~ IAalthe famuly " lJ<. Function Expressing the writer's opinion Examples In my view.Ctzl:i. Jtaweny. .. -values sucf.-c1»:t. Expressing other people's opinions Agreeing with other opinions Disagreeing with other opinions or a situation Some people saylbelieve tha1 . .YOU. professional.It " the.Idh. b Check your answers with the teacher.. Together Unit4 . 3 The introduction provides the reader with the general direction of the essay. fqr. the language.e. aYe st. 1:0 t.ey saw tf. 'WIticA famuL}! kes can be 5trengt/Jened. to tmk at ~s in. inm-ves Bi"Ve and I:ak. It is true that .e:rs OY far th. ~--. why not 'Mile one? Here are some basic steps: Step 1: Look carefully at the title and brainstorm ideas._~:~_ . and the conclusion. .on. Step 4: Read the drall and focus on improving the organization of ideas.~ .. . 3 5ecortd. and a senSe of ye~ . Step 2: Organize your ideas into paragraphs. b Compare your answers and justify your chOice.~--' . It restates the main idea of the essay and often finishes with the personal opinion of the writer.Ys. ~yS of the famuly sMu1d re5p«l wd. 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly Iaiay ..:i GMng examples to support your argument Usting your points Expressing contrasts between two ideas Making conclusions 5.CYeaSe in stngtepa.cf.cn. o ---' Ll.isYesped..eiy OpiniDrlS. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: writing a discursive essay If this type of essay is important to you for academic.. Rrst.s in 5cn>Ie pa-ds of the wrJrtd..in 7If:}f op:nam.{y and firmLy. "Very few Yf'41Ly an: . ["Ven 1:Jwugh. _ . .b. ~ I"~~):..ieved th.f blunk J. and conclusion.:y.tn:J.ia!. m'e a n.ai.gns of this cYiSiS bxw. .cen CQm.-eaf. as msped.J > Ll.. . 3 The dangers facing the fam ily's survival can be prevented. cI.9 to sIww d.. Say how you figured out lhe meanings. the main body of the essay.famulies 10 _k Iogdher 10 strengthen /:. fay dh.S and ciuuben should Want 1:0 Wt:en 1:0 each ci/wy.. Note: you will have to discuss your essays/discursive essays at the end of Unit 5. 2 Respect is the key to the preservation of the family.muni...ance I. ..z o C) A discursive essay 1 Thinking about the main topic In a discursive essay. Step 3: Write a draft version.'V(JYCeS and the . ./ agree /:hal. the~ " the ~ of fyudgm and -..h.wmkr of things thd can 6e d. paYe:n).aJue IS "Very i?>!fXJrl. d/.:'/'t. .e c!turm tha/.

J. read ou t the deflll itions for other students to guess the objects. . Read Ihe a rticle again and correct them.. new/modern/plastic 2 Inven tors spent a long li me trving to fin d the fi rst plast ic..g 7>Ii1du. in tho office.. . Use the pictures and the li sl in Exercise lb to help you.g. What are these objects made of? What do you think is the mosl common material we use today? b Read the article quickly and check your answers. or both? washing mach ine paper clip dishwasher water cooler annchair answering machine food processor ironing board alarm clock hole puncher dishtoweI fi ling cabinet correct ion fluid slicky notes photocopier mouse pad cutting board fax machine ft"s the thing 11"0 use at home I in the offi ce fo r .. 's a small gadget/device/machine thaI .orrer. e. Others are soft or malleable 5 Planes have carried radar machines since radar was invented. mouse pad. Write a title for the article. 3 Reading skill s a Look at the pictures with the article on the opposite page.-ne dishwasher armchair food processor ironing board a lann clock dishtowlli cutting board ""'" """'" photocopier fax machine 7tII1Ck-ne filing cabinet mouse pad paper clip hole puncher correction fluid sticky notes ans. plastic 6 Plastic is the perfect recyclable material.2 Pronunciation : stress on compound nouns a Compound nouns are made of two words. 1 What informat ion about plastic was !lew to you? 2 What plastics do you use in your everyday life? 3 Do you profer plastic or natural materials? Why? c Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. • •• • • • water cooler armcha ir answering machine c Write fl defin it ion of an object from Exercise lb (or choose your own) .cn.. discuss these questions.. d In groups. found by accident 3 Parkes found that collodion turned into a solid if it was ex posed to i!. everyday What do you call that stuff/thins 1I"t' use for + .. 1 a small pieco of bent wire that we usc for holding pieces of paper together paper clip 2 small pieces of paper with glue on the back that are used for sticking notes on other papers and surfaces slicky notes 3 a white liquid used for covering mistakes in somothing you are writing r. Some. usi ng at least two of those words: invontion material accident importa nt most durable fortunate li fe-changing history c These statemen ts all contain factual errors. read tho descriptions of usefu l. UnitS Eureka ! . not a perfect Home Office Both au. In grou ps.i118 verb? inventions and guess what they arc. heat 4 plast ics arc hard and durable.ir. Wh ich items can be found at home.tion fluid 4 (1 flat surface that you put under a computer mouse so that it can move smoothly mouse pad 5 a contai ner that stores and chills drinking water water cooler b Put tho words from the box below in the table.f' Yl:ng . 1 Society today uses a lot of traditional materials in the home and office. Say these compound nouns to yourself. ad-. Is the stress on the firs t or second word·~ washing machine paper clip dishwasher ~ b Li ston and check your answers. USEFUL LANGUAGE USEFUL LANGUAGE 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects a In pairs...ing verb Irs a kind of machine 10 piece of equipment that .

Note: Students may disagree with somo of the answers listed. teads directly into the pronunciation focus of the next exercise. Answers will vary. Divide the class into groups of four to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 3d. the stress is always on the firs! word of compound nouns. tough". splitting the original pairs. students to repeat after you. eliciting student answers to the questions in Exerc ise 3a. Let students chock thoir answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. •• Pronunciation check 2 Pronunciation: stress on compound nouns Have students say where the main stress is in the compound nouns in Exercise 2a. long-lasting soft silky '" soft and smooth like silk light heavy The oudloscrlpl for Track 20 is on poge T49 ~ Eureka! T 48 Unit 5 . rubber bond. ond why they think these ore useful inventions. Tell students to skim the article in order to do Exercise 3b. with the exception of a 'form clock ond co 'rrection fluid. Make sure both students write. 3 Reading ski lls Have a brief class discussion. In English. As you elicit answers from the closs. r. a fax machine may be found in both homes and offices.pairs 10 teillhe doss who! they chose.an eraser.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventions Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading third conditional everyday objects stress on compound nouns a magazine article Speaking hypothesizing Put students in pairs. meaning by asking students to use the adiectives to describe obiects in the classroom. Play the audio for Exercise 2b. etc. This check. Many of the words in the text are descriptive adjectives. •• A good way to manage Exercise 2c is to put students in pairs to write definitions. Check. Give them a time limit of four minutes.nd five interesting inventions . Have students copy the table in Exercise lh into their notebooks and then work in pairs to complete it. They should correct the mistakes and then look back at the relevant part of the text to find the answers and check their changes. students take turns reading their definitions aloud and guessing the objects. read the words in each column aloud and ask. hard. between Ihem. Ask a lew. strong rubbery hord durable". Ask students to listen and check their answers. for example. poper clip. In their groups. Remind them to use the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. Which one does the class think is Ihe most useful invention? 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects Have studcnts work in pairs to match the descriptions in Exercise 1a to tho objects. lind remind them to use the phrases in the Useful La nguage boxes. Briefly review the answers with the class. Tell them thol they have one minute to 1001:: in their purses and pockets and. The strong stress In each case is on the first syllable of the first word. Ask students what plastiC objects they can see in the classroom. Suggested tiUes: The most important invention in history A fortunate and li fe-changing accident The most d urable malerial in history Have students work in pairs to correct the statements in Exercise 3c. Then divide the class into groups of four to six. Ask students to find them in the text. Answers: All the objects in the pictures are made of plastic.

Quick grammar guide In many languages there are structures similar to the third conditional in both farm and meaning. 5 Speaking skills -Conection guide Give students a few minutes to look at the questions and think of answers. where students are trying to use a complex structure in a fluency actiYity. it is a good idea to go around the closs monitoring and noting down errors. If your students find it difficutl to be imaginative. For example: work hard to do have more!less free lime wash/walch/listen to/use hod to been able to more/less healthy more/less Ihings In on aclly/ty like this one. Ask the class to correct them. and then ask students to rew rite the sentences. Walk around the room. wrile three or four errors you heard on the board . The main problem with the third conditioool in English is remembering to get all the parts right. Then put them in groups of four to discuss the questions. washing machine paper clip dishwasher water cooler armchair onswering machine Unil5 T 49 Eureka! . Common problems and errors Using would in both clauses instead of just in the if. For Excrciso 2 on page 48 11. 5tudents often try 10 reflect the subjunctive by using would + have + past participle in the conditional clause as well as the main clause. write a few random phrases on the board a t the start 01 the activity which they might use to help them form sentences.19\'8 !eft his collodion near heat. clause. or cooditional.tt LA 4 Grammar: third conditional Have students work in pairs to answer the chock questions in Exercise 4a and complete the rule in Exercise 4b. Don't interrupt students talking in groups iuSI note down errors with the third condilional that they make. Let students check their answe rs in pairs before as king individuals to come to the board to write their sentences. In Exercise 4d. Parkes wouldn't hove discovered plastic if he weIMlR'! /. Go around tho class and help. m onitoring students and taking notes on any common mistakes you hear. Review the rules and the form. Same languages use a compound subjunctive structure In the ifclouse. w~---------------. which has no equivalent in English. AI the end of the activity.without saying who mode them. go over the example carefully.

Recent history has seen countless new inventions that have changed the lives of most people on this planet. ~ . Just look around you .dn. Because some plastics are resistant to extremes of heat and cold. and it was o nly with the d evelopment of light plastics that radar could be fined to planes. strong. 1 3 If Ein. Parkesinc. 5 Speaking skills In grou ps. in comparison with glass. ma rc and more people arc recycling..If Tim Dem ers Lee lli!. Plastic bags thrown into the sea.stcin hadn't d iscovered relativity. is the most common material in your environment? "Jur lives would have been vcry different if plastic had not come along 150 ycars ago.!!. liquid used ill medicine. If Parkes hadn 't disco vered that first plastic technological development would have bee. clothes that you're wearing. The first plastic. and discovered that the liquid had tumed into a tough. Just think.lQLQf ~ . gradually rot. In fact. b Find a similar sentence in the article and <:amplete this rulo for the third conditional. if we could develop a plastic that was 100% recyclable. rubber y material. are made of materials we didn't know 150 years ago? What. wouldn't ~ havc llil d iscovered he wouldn't have discovered 8ravity. soft. it came aboul through a very fortunate accident. and discarded plastic can be d angerous. Replacement bod y parts are even made from plastic today! We obviously need this material.how many of the things in your home or Jffice. the Internet modern medicine .'t CYeaf:ed the Y"e6 he ha'"re ~ a ~ at 'JrLJr. but like many inventions.{. tools you're using.di!lli llillild a lot of people would have died. ~ and cars. before then radar machines were roo heavy. went to his medicine cabinet o ne day to get some collodion. was launched in l862. c 'IHJI&:i'}j. a lot slower. wouldn 't a t?ml ~ weapons have SCientists created S(. for example.Ientisis wouldn't havll created a tomic weapons. malleablc. technological d evelopment would have been a lot slower.'}j. How wo uld your life have been different if you'd boen born 50 yoars ago? 2 How would life. 1 If + .ff 7i:m. 4 Did Parkes d iscover the first plastic? Yes If Al exander Fleming hadn't discovered penicillin. ~ he htut.L. Alexander Parkes... Imagine carrying a pack of fo ur twoliter glass bottles hom e from the supermarket. .p~st .:t h wouldn't havc becomc a profossor at MIT. silky fabri cs. the H yatt brothers in the United States im'ented a similar substance that they called cellulo id. Chuck your a. an Englishman. which he realized was a reaction to heat. At about the same rime. they have facilitated the development of things as diverse as kitchen equipment and the space shuttle. Plastic is used in just about -. kill thousands of fish and other marine animals every year.honge shope easi ly (. or disappear . Plastics are extremely useful because they arc cheap to produce. very durable and. 2 Was techno logical development s low? No 3 Arc the events in the sentences in the past or 4 present? Past Can we change the facts? No 5 If Bill Gales had nol started Microsoft Microsoft If slarted Bi!l Gates hill1 llQ1.llswur with the Grammar Summary on pagu 56 .. and in the no t~too-dista nt furure about 40". from grocery bags and children's toys 10 furniture. computers. + 1!:!mM + have + pust parliclple (. to stop bleedi ng call (. ' ' 2 If Isaac Newton hadn 't sat under the ap ple tree 4 Grammar: third conditional a Look at thi s scntcn(. we really wo uld have found the " wonder sruff"! GLOSSARY d Rowrite thu sentences by putting the underli ned words and phrases in the correct order.ollodion malleable 1 ~ the Web . durable plastics.'t disintegrate break up. of plastic may be recycled. light and safe. However. in a papcr bag! But it can take up to 100 years for plastic to d isintegrate./liLr/Jl!.o from the article and answer the questions. If Parkes hadn't discovcred that fi rst plastic. which was conunonly used in film ~ making. he wouldn't have become the nches! man in the world. easily moldable substances. discuss those questions. have been d ifferent for your great grand parents (Circa 1920s) with these invcntions? washing machines TV video I DVD .everything these days. Since those early days m any different plastics have come into existence: hard.

c Read the article once morc and underline the import ant details. Cocoa soon became fashionable in Spain and Portugal. In 1753. The word chocolate comes from the Nahuatl word xocolatl. chocolate has grown enormously in popularity. 6'g choc eaf. One of the biggest chocolate-eating nations is Britain where the average man. discuss these questions. Daniel Peter had the idea of adding milk in the chocolate-making process and produced the first milk chocolate. according to American researchers at the University of California. In 1765. chocolate was becoming fashionable with the middle-classes. it should be eaten in small quantities . 1 Do you eat chocolate? If not. Researchers warn that although chocolate is good for you . wh y not? 2 If you do.ptg counh-:/' Bril'n '>--1-- Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 forms of chocolate chocolate spreading to Europe how chocolate may be good for you the most "chocoholic" country in the world d In pairs. 3 In 1544. The Spanish were the first to add sugar to their cocoa drink. otmecs grow cocoa ma!fas drink cocoa 1511 choc went -7 Spain + Pori sotui choc famd. incredible chocoholic someone who is addicted to chocolate Unit5 Eureka! . • healthy heaM + gd circularn OY'fJ"ns of choc. 1 Is chocolate good or had for you? It's good in small quantities 2 How was chocolate first Ilsed? As a drink 3 Which country has the most "chocoholics"? Britain 'PaYag Yaph J 'Paragyaph 1 b Read the article again and match each paragraph with a short summary. 1765 Baker ~ Hanan lsi choc. Chocolate contains substances called flavonoids that can help maintain a healthy heart and good circulation. how much chocolate do you eat? Are you a chocoholic? 3 When do people eat ch ocolate? Why do they like it so much? the origins of chocolate SCIENTISTS SWEET OVERY! 1 Good news for chocoholics: the treat preferred by millions all over the world is good for you. In 1876. and child eats a staggering nine kilos of chocolate a year! In fact. The researchers have discovered that cocoa acts like aspirin and that eating a bar of chocolate once in a while may contribute to a healthy diet. James Baker and John Hanan opened the first chocolate mill in the United States. solid chocolate was becoming familiar. GLOSSARY circulation the movement of blood around the body staggering amazing. woman. introducing chocolate to the average citizen. and the Mayas were drinking unsweetened cocoa hundreds of years before it became fashionable in Europe. leave out articles. (Remember to use abbreviati ons. etc. look at yo ur notes. not only as a drink but also as a medicine. in Switzerland . a r . Then complete these notes wit h those details. Chocolate has also been shown to release endorphins in the body: these chemicals help to reduce pain and stress and make you feel happy. S Since then . 2 But who first discovered this wonderful way of keeping healthy? The Olmec Indians of Mexico and Central America were the first to@Jow cocoa beans. a delegation of Mayan nobles visited Philip of Spain and gave him jars of cocoa as a gift. Can you add an ything to improve you r partner's notes'! c In groups. In the 17th century.has fta'VGnoids. in about 1500 Be. chocolate is the number one comfort food and there are more "chocoholics" in Britain than anywhere else in the world. discuss the questions. a Swedish scientist renamed cocoa theobroma or "food for the gods" . Paragraph 1 the popularity of other Paragraph 2 choc good foy !fou .and with no added milk. mill in US U K. 4 By the middle of the century. which means "bitter water" . Then read 'Paragraph I the article and check your answers.) 1 Reading skills a In groups.

sugar.-.... you know. and another is a thick meat stew . tasty dishes. I'm honored. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Have students discuss the pre-reading questions in Exercise In in small groups.-. comfort foods are what we ate at Grandma's house.and adults . Have them write their notes on a separate piece of paper. chunky. and fewer carbohydrates. things with lots of butter. after a long day at school or who! Mom served when we were siCk. too Host I see. starting next week. you know? Host Whoa! I think we get the picture. For Exercise 3 on page 51 !II Host Well. our ideas of what's healthy have changed. Write healthy heart + gd circularn on the boord. Matt I suppose it depends on each person. is meatloof. A good way of handling Ihis activity is 10 go through the first paragraph as a class first. and salt in foods? trs not surprising that you see 011 these fat kids . yeah. chocolate is a great comfort food ~ sweet sticky. notetaking is a challenging skill to acquire. asking students which words they would underline. healthy heart. good circulation. Host But I must soy. gravy.s. everyone. potatoes.-. Well.irs scary. 4.really hot. but not very healthy? Matt They used to be thought of as healthy . Then ask students how they would complete the note for paragraph 1. Host Irs a bit of a cliche..... tends to be meat. One of the top comfort foods in the u.s. Anyway . but I bet there's not as much fat in a good stew or meat pie as in some stuff people eat today. Then ask them to do the some for paragraphs 3. After students have done Exercise le. we like flavors fram the past... we all have our own favorite comfort foods . Matt ThaI's so right . like burgers and those with high sugar and salt content. When you see families eating so much garbage today. acts like aspirin.-. ask them to exchange their notes with a partner and make additions.. what will comfort food of the future be? Candy bors and bags of chips? You know. complete the note for :2. and we encourage people to eotless fat today..Objectives Vocabulary describing foad Topic: food Reading a magazine article Ustening interview with a TV chef Speaking discussing foods and diets Write on the board: chocolale cocoa milk sugar bitler drink solid xocolotl chocoholic Ask students whot the words hove in common. isn't it. Congratulations! Matt Thank you. Comfort foods do taste good too bad they usually have a high fat content Host 50 they're comforting. creamy .but of course people used to have a much more active lifestyle and could burn off all those calories. feel happy. I'm sure that you'll be showing us the way with your new TIl series.. Ask students to read the article again and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise 1b. that something chocolatey comes in first? Why is that? Matt Well. even if Mom and Grandma never cooked anything that didn't come out of a con i Matt I'll come back to thaI. Why doesn't the government do something to stop kids eoting so much fost food and soft drinks packed with sugar? Why are soft drinks and snack machines allowed in schools? Why doesn't the government pressure the food industry into cutting down on the dongerousry high levels of fat..the food we eat when we're upset or depressed. and check with a parlner.comfort food .. Plus. We have to teoch them to cut down on fat-filled processed foods. Irs comforting. Underline (or write in a list on the boordl: good for you. Put students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l e. Thanks very much for . Then ask students to underline key phrases in paragraph :2.good heartening meols with lots of calories . Moll.. healthy diet.. Point out the abbreviation. or want to f~ kind of taken care 01. with meat and really fatty.. comfort foods tend to be ones we associate with Mom and Grandma.----... um . and so many of them are really ovel"VoJeight . For mony students. Host . .and that we get more heart diseose and other problems related to dietl II makes me mod. you know . good wholesome food. and 5.... You see.and irs what I wanted to come bock to. you look at kids today. I've always thought of comfort food as salty.-. Encourage lots of speculation. Presentation alternative 21i'-.. flavanoids. then elicit answers. - Eureka! T 50 Unit 5 . reduce pain and stress. here in the U. something hot and very filling. Ask students to read the article to check their predictions. Answers will vary. When we get older... release endorphins. Matt your baked chocolate cheesecake has just come in at the top of our vie'vVel"S' "best comfort food" poll.

On the board. upset. t ·· ~ 3 Listening skill s Ask students about "comfort" food : IV/wi is it? Elicit examples of types of "comfort" food: chips. milk. 4 Speaking skill s Ask st udents to read the opinions in Exercise 4a and decide which ones th ey agree with <1l1t1 why. potatoes. If students aro not sure about the answers. Play the audio fo r Exercise 3c.•• 1i ffi 2 Vocabulary: describing food Ask students to work in pairs to match foods and nutrients in Exercise 2a . yogurt. green vegetables. bu ild up a list of ways of improv ing our diet: Suggested ways of improving ou r diet Cu i down 011 fasl food. End this part or the lesson by having two pairs of studen ts combine to form a group of four and discuss the queslions in Exercise 2d . chocolale. Suggested answers: Carbohydrates: hread. Don'l add a /01 of sugar or salt 10 food. Eot a I'aried diel . or food Crom our childhood. Thon put student s in small groups to toll ono another their opinions. Find out which foods they th ink am the most healthy and which are the least healthy. using words in the Useful Language and the Language Note boxes. elici t ans wers from students. eggs. jam Vitamins and minerals: fruit. bored. fish. very tasty food. We cat "comfort" food when we are depressed. legumes. 0011'1 snuck belw(J(Jn meals. find out whether the class generally thinks we should improve the healthiness of our d iet or whether they think it's okay. pasta.it cou ld be food like chocolate and candy. yogurt In Exerdse 2b. ask students to work in pairs 10 describe foods. milk. Ask studonts to listen lind check their predictions. Then ask them to tell their partner aboullheir typical diet in Exercise 2e. Unit 5 T 51 Eureka! . The audiascripl for Tra ck 21 is on page TSO II. Afterwards. cake. etc. play the audio aga in. cookies. Suggested answers: "Comfort" food is food that makos us foel good . cal more frui l and vegetables. st ressed. or it cou ld just be our favori te food. As groups report their answers. red meat Sugar: honey. Ask students in pairs to discuss tho words in Exercise 3b and together predict which ones they will hellr in an intervi ew about "com fort'· food. oil Fiber: green vegetables. etc. sick. Ask students to complete the blanks in Exercise 3d and the n check with a partner. chicken. legumes Protein : butter. rice Fats: buller.

fatty / oily I . it is alwa ys positive: Liver is rich in iron.~ olty / sllgmy / creamy / healthy / unhealthy / . 2 We do not have an active lifestyle today. Do you agree with him? Why? I WilY not'l 1 We associate comfort foods w ith all!' childhood..ltoes legumes (e. using the Useful Language below. cnrbohydra te V fat content V fruit and vegetables fiber grandma V healthy V low in calories mefltloaf v overweight V potatoes V sour sweet V Listen to the interview and check your answers.1 The chef ill the interview has the following opinions. c Do yotl have a hea lthy diet? Make a note of what YOIl eat on a typical day and discuss it ill p<lirs. there is a lot more fat and 6 sugar / sail in much uf the processed food we eat toda y. 4 The government should do someth ing to stup children from eating junk food. spinach) honey jam milk oats oil pasta pot<.ifltc with ollr mom and 4 .. 1 What balance of foods makes healthy diet? 2 Is obesity a problem in your count ry? Why / Why not? Is it worse thiHl twenty years flgo? 3 Is obesity in children a problem? b Can you think of olher ways of improving people's dieU . 3 People often eat garbage todny. cabbage. USEFUL lANGUAGE 4 Speaking skills . 2 Vocabulary: describing food a Chocolate tastes so good because of its combination of sugar and fat. ' Most chips are high in fat alld salt. What kind of food do you think this is? When do you think we eat it? b Look at the words and phrases in the bux. . \'Vrite olle wurd or phrase ill each bhulk.3 Listen ing skills a You are guing tu listen to an interview with a TV chefflbout "comfort food". d In groups . rich in vitamins / protein / iro n . \Vhat we think of as comfort food depends on each 1 person/individual. beans. Check the ones you think you will hear in the interview. which results in a population that is 7 oVt:rweight and suffers from problems such as 8 heart disease . These can be positive or negative: Eat your vegetable. Which types 01' food in the box be low do you assodflte with them? Food nutrients: cflrhohydffltes fats fiber protein Sllgflf vitamins and minefflls bread butter chicken eggs fish fruit green vegetables (e.~ tarchy X i:> f IlII of f at / sail / S Ug (lf / fi ber .I LANGUAGE NOTE We say a foo d is high / /011' in or full of something. discuss these questions. but it tends to be 2 hot and fi lling.It this list of nutrients ill food. . 1011' in :>(/It I sllgor . They're full of vitalllins. and the y are often dishes we assor. If we say a food is rich ill somothing. 5 The food industry shou ld cut down 011 fat flnd Sfllt in food. Listen again and complete this summary of the interview. They usually have a high 5 fat content and may be thought of today flS unhealthy. lentils) red mea t rice yogu rt b Look at the foods in the picture and describe two of them.g.grandma . high in millcm/s / c(lrbuh yd m tes .! .g. l lowever. Look <. We usually eflt comfort foods when we fcol 3 upset/depressed .

. 1500. 2 Columbus began his journey in order to win glory and riches. however. He made two further voyages before the er of the century. and the Italians claim he was from Italy. 6 No women traveled to the New World with Columbus.. some evidence that he was born in 145 Genoa.00 ml e . However. and he was unable to send a of 9. QUI~IIY at the age of 55 in Valladolid. ask and answer the questions you checked in Exercise 2b. the disagreement about his Some people say he was a converted Jew. and. Columbus: I known reason for this Voy~ge Of course . Then decide on the correct order of the paragraphs.its circumference. On his third voyage in 1498. Columb'os didn't sail to the Americas in order to find out whether the Earth was round: at the end of the 15th century almost everyc knew it was a sphere. V' 1 Where was Columbus born and misedY 2 When did he leave his native country'! ict V 3 What were the reasons for the "voyage 4 5 V6 7 8 of discovery" in 1492? Who sponsored ColumbllS on his voyage of 1492Y Where exactly did he land at the end of the voyage? What were the reasons for the second and third voyages? What was the percentage of women traveling to the New World in 1498? What was the reason for his death in 1506Y c In pairs. 5 He when he unexpect d had sailed for 3. l ID 2m 3 !!!l 4m 5 1!:) became a sailor at an early age and had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made famous voyage in 1492. b Which of these questions does the article answer? Check (. st The discovery of the New them by sailing west rather th~n ea .y for a new route to the Sr'''e was that Columbus was I~ In~nd he believed he could rt. In 1". he also took women 10 the New World. and Columbus was By.. Spain . 3 Tht! crew of the three sh ips on the voyage of discovery was made up mainly of criminals. . "'-" i third voyage w. with a crew made up mainly of experienced sailor" from the area. GLOSSARY serendillity when something valuable is disco\'ered by luck quest a search for something Everyone knows the name of Christopher Columbus. 5 Columbus died in poverty. 4 There is no doubt that Columbus was of Italian descent. - h~~. which is now part of I art Columbus left on the voyage of discovery from the south of Spain.. Take. taking Europeans across to colonize the new lands.-. "I settlers rebelled against him. fore a claSSIC case d n World was there . thiS time. Contrary to popular belief. There is. there are as many myths as truths about the man. try to find out the answers. Unit 5 E ureka! . We do know that he sailed in part to fulfill a religious quest: he saw his journey~ a fulfillment of a divine plan for his life.l Islands (now part of IndoneSia)..as not a happy one for Columbus. 1 Columbus set out to prove that the earth was round. was the size of the earth ..'as with any historical icon. of ~serendipity".I) those questions. in a Spanish prison. What was in question. other commo~. decide if these common beliefs about him <lrc true or false. in fact.. traveling .Serendipity - 1 Speaking skills How much do you know about Christopher Columbus? In groups.. Can you answer any ofthe othersY If not. in chains. Columbus was not a well man and he diF' . on May 20 1 In hiS ~wn apartment attended by family and friends. ch~lns. he ha -~ edly discover 0 .. so he was arrested and re turned to Spain ' ..~ea~~:~n ~~e East Indies. ed the Americas. He was a I I nch man at the time of his death.01d baCk. the King and Queen soon I i saYln.g there had been a mistake. 2 Rea d ing skills a Read the paragraphs about Columbus quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1. The Spanish say he was from Spain.. for example.'2 .

Afterwards. he landed in what is now the Bahamas before soiling on to whal ore now Cuba and Haiti . and then ask students to match each word in A with its synonym in B. remind them to refer to the Glossary. Ask students to lell you what difference. t .he. Answers: In the text: He was born in Genoa. Presentation alternative - Ask students what clues they might find in a biography that will help them put paragraphs in order: order of dotes: order of life events . grew up. A reach joumey find set sail go back B discover leave voyage return arrive lin/atl Culture note Additional activity Inote: a voyage is a journey by seal Eureka! T 52 Unit 5 . There ore many words in the text connected with travel. etc. As students work on Exercise 2a . there is between the words they have matched. Answers: They are all false . 2 Readi ng skills Set II time limit of five minutes and tell students thaI they have to read very quickly in order to put the paragraphs in order. disc uss with the whole class whether the ··beliefs·· in exercise 1 are true ur false.was born. find Oul whether they know any other facts aboul Columbus. Columbus was sponsored by Ferdinand V and Isabella of Spain. reveal any truths at this stage. At the end of the first voyage. Student answers will vary. To find the size of the Earth and to fu lfill a religious quest. Ask students what grammatical clues might help order paragraphs in a story: use of the post perfect: use of before and affer: use of shortened forms and pronouns .Columbus . A good way to start the task is to ask studenls 10 read the first line of each paragraph very quickly ond tell you which paragroph has to be the first. When sludents report back to the class. Ask students Whol is the {uckiesllhing fhol has ever happened to yoU? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Pu t students into groups of four 10 discuss the "common beliefs" in Exercise 1. but don'. Briefly discuss students' answers with the class. if any.Objectives Grammar Topic: the story of Christopher Columbus Reading a biographical article Writing a short story Speaking discussing myths about Columbus past perfect simple and prog ressive Write serendipi/y on the board and explain thol it means when something valuable is discovered by luck..Christopher Columbus . To take Europeans to colonize the new lands. Then pili students ill pairs 10 ask and answer the questions. died. This task can be very time-consuming unless students know how to approach it Plan to spend a little time preparing students for the task. LeI students check in pairs before sharing their answers with the class. Ask students to put a checkmark next to the questions in Exercise zb that the article answers. Write the words from the text below in two lists on the boord.

extinguish Ask students what they think the short story in Exercise 4b might be about. Common problems and errors The form of the post perled progressive is long and complex. They ore often used in narrafives and often used with connectors like ofter or before. C . 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their note books and then work in pairs to complete it.. He thought he had arrived in the East Indies. Let students check their answers in pairs before you ask individuals to come to the board and write their sentences. Go around the class and help. They have to use a connecting word in the sentence. had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made his famous voyage in 1492 A . 4d Columbus was anxious to travel because he had been reading about Marco Polo. Go through the example carefully in Exercise 3d . Ask students to write the story and then exclHlIlge it with a partner.. The next student has to vvrite the next sentence. Give students a few minutes to think of a "serendipity" story of their own. he had been sailing for three weeks and had sailed for 3. then pass the piece of paper. Presentation alternative Introduce the shon story in exercise 4b and pre-teach vocabulary by writing the following phrases on the board and checking their meaning: off-duty (firefighter) = not working grab (0 fire extinguisher) = toke hold of suddenly a burning smell smoke put out a fire". and then ask students to make sentences. Afterwards... Quick grammar guide The pas! perlecl simple and progressive ore used to refer back to something that happened earlier. Answers: 2e Cohunbus was impatient to set off because he'd been thinking about this voyage for years.. 3c Columbus was delighted when Isabel agreed to help because he had been looking for support for his journey. Ask each student to write the first line of a story at the top of a piece of paper. Answers: 8 Columbus . Go around the class helping students with ideas and vocabulary. there had been a mistake The clause with the simple past happens first in time. using a connector.000 miles. Ask s1uden ts in pairs to choose the correct answer in Exercise 3b. Uni15 T 53 Eureka! .. have students work in pairs to find past perfect sentences in the article. students to pass their piece of paper to the next student in a clockwise direction. You could let students compare their notes with those of a partner before they write their stories. Ask one person from each group to read their best story aloud. Then ask. sb Columbus felt depressed because tbe Portuguese king bad refused to help him. Students will make a variety of errors and will need plenty of practice. Students should pass on their pieces of paper so thaI each story goes around their group twiceresutting in four eight-line slories per group.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive In Exercise 3a . Additional activity Put students into groups of four. and then ask them to use the questions in Exer cise 4c to help them make notes. Ask student readers to ask their partners at least two questions about their story. Then ask students to read the story and fill in the blanks with words from exercise 4a. Point out another use of the past perfect in the Language Note. ask students to write the sentences on the board and underline the past perfect forms.

d Make sentences by joining the questions and answers below with because. e Look at the sentence and complete the rule for the past perfect p rogressive. ® before the time referred to in the simple past. luckily. Usc the questions below to make notes about the story.us "W!lS fuzpP1J 1+"h. and ran into a compute r store.. change one evening to one morning. also.000 miles ----. we got married! c Think of a case of serendipity in your li fe or in the life of someone you know. in addition. when.000 miles when he discovered the Americas. LANGUAGE NOTE The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: b Read the short story and fill in the blanks with words or phrases from Exercise 4a. You are going to read another short story about serendipity..g.2 Read yo ur story and correct/edit it if necessary. II was raining 2 ~ the streets were deserted. laler. and. Which part of the sentence happens first (in lime) . 5 ~ I pulled off the road. . as soon as. 3 after the event in the simple past. e. Look at the underlined phrases in the story above an d try to use similar phrases in your story.In. or It was raining to The sun \Vas shining. and then write your own story. while either . Wh y did the King Gnd Queen apologize to Columbus? Because there hod been a mistake. phrases where you can . 4 Wri ti ng skills a Columbus' discovery of tile Americas is one of the most famous examples of serendipity. 1 at the same time as the events in the simple past. unless. the clause with the simple past or the one with the past perfect? b Look at the diagram and choose the correct answer. We form the past perfect progressive with had + past part iciple + -ing verb. b The Portuguese King had refused to help him. because unfortunately. and . nor. Time links six years ago. suddenly And-type links I __ sailed for 3.dJ. also although as soon as because eventually fortunately in addition in the end luckily suddenly later too when while Find other sentences in the article using the pasl perfect. Theil he made his famous voyage in 1492.. loo but. a woman ran in. or. The past perfect tells us that something happened . smoke started pouring out of the hood. d He had been reading about Marco Polo. PAST 1492 + But-type links NOW Cause and resuillinks Feelings and attitude Columbus had sailed for 3. was on my way home from work one evening 1 six years ago . The woman explained Illat she was an off-du ty fire~figh ter. Columbus made journeys as far as Iceland and Guillea. eventually after that. Find aile sentence in the article that means the same. E ureka! Unit 5 . he had been traveling for three weeks. . although so. 7 fo rtunalely . When he unex pectedly discovered the Americas.. in the end.en k yeacfwd !and kcause he tlwughl he Iuui drtoYerrd the [ad. 1a cdw"rnj. e He had been looking for support for his journey..es. e He'd been thinking about this voyage for years. put these connecting words and phrases in the table.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive a Look at these two sentences. when/where d id the event take place? what were you doing at the time? what had you been doing before the event? what was the unexpected thing that happened? • what was the result of Ihis unexpected event? d Use your notes to write the story (approximately 120 words) of "a case of serendipity" . 6 While ! wus talking. I had been driving for about 20 minntes 3 when I no ticed a strange burning smell. ju mped out of the car. grabbed a fi re extinguisher. First. 1 Why was Columbus hap py when he reached I'll never forget the day I met the love of my life. using connecting words and land? 2 Why was Columbus impatient to set off? 3 Why was Columbus delighted when Isabel agreed to help? 4 Why was Columbus anxious to travel? • • • • 5 Why did Columbus feel depressed? a He thought he had discovered the East Indies. fortunately. she had been passing the store at thai time! 'TWo years 8 laler . 3 Give it to anot her student to read.. neith er . 4 Suddenly . The manager let me use the phone to call a garage. and put out the fire. 1 Write the story.. Read you r partner's story and ask questions to fin d out more information .

. When you go back to normal viewing.. MultiPhone If you're looking for a cetlphone that lets you see the person who you 're talking to. Unit5 E ureka! . life would be much easier for people. Give your reasons. It allows you to send e·mails. Which of the gadgets . the TV wil! continue from the point where you left off.. 1 What will it he used for? 2 Who might use it? 3 Where will it be used? (at home I in the office . and is basically a small portable scanner that can read and memorize a text line. and plays your favorite CDs. do online banking. a video camera. and much . 1 already exist? 2 do you think are going to exist in the future? 3 will never exist? d Which of these gadgets would you like to have'! Why'! I Why not? 3 Prepare Write a description of your gadget (about 60 words). Discuss these questi ons. It looks like a high lighter pen. ex ist. ThiS is the ideal gadget if you su ffer from Repetitive Action Syndrome. c Read the descriptions below of four gadgets. TiVo TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to interact with Jive TV. this new mu lti·pu rpose phone will keep you happy. or see aU the action as it happens in slow motion.1 Warm up a In groups. Usc the texts below to help you. much more! Handy scanner The C·Pen pocket scanner means you will never have to search the streets for a photocopy store again. and the cursor wilt move where you want it to. think of inventions or discoveries that 2 Task In grou ps. and has Internet access. invent a gadget that you think is go~ng to be useful to you or other members of your socmty. book travel tickets. and that will eXIst In th o fut ure. It can store up to 3. If we had a gadget for ironing automatically. tlw invention of plastic b Think of poss ible inventions that don't. With TiVo you can pause the action on TV.by-line and then transfer it directly to your PC. and l iVo keeps recording ahead so you won't miss a thing.000 pages of text. you just think of the command that you want to give to the computer. and for people who are physically disadvantaged. ye! but that you think we need.. Thought-control computer How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts and acts upon them? You won't need a mouse or a keyboard. J 4 Wi ll it be useful to a lot of people? 5 will it be attractive and stylish as well as useful? 6 will it he expensive? 7 Will it be easy to use" 8 will it sell in other countries? have changed our lifestyle in important ways. replay ii.

2 Task Divide students into groups of four to six to invent their gadget. One person writes notes. ask students to write a short description of their gadget (60 words). Eureka! T 54 Unit 5 . Encourage all possibilities. In Exercise I e . Example: one person acts as a facilitator. Answers will vary. Let them discuss their answers in their groups before describing them to the whole class. Assign students roles in their group. making sure everyone speaks. have students work in groups again to think of possible inventions. first and second conditionals specialist magazine ads Ustening a description of a gadget Speaking inventing and presenting new gadgets 1 Warm up In Exerc ise la . One person draws 0 picture of the gadget. ask students to feod the descriptions and answer the questions. In Exercise lb .Objectives Grammar Topic: inventing gadgets Reading defining relative clauses. Presentation alternative 3 Prepare Using the ideas from exercise 2. Ask them 10 discuss their answers to the questions. have students in groups make a list of inventions or discoveries. then elicit a class list and write it on the board .

For example: cellphone camera MPJ player Discmon TV remote control Each group has to describe words to the person who can't see them. Answers: TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to . Ask students to work with a new partner to describe their ohjects. or even on your belt at the gym. Write a lisl of everyday objects on the boord.. basically a small portable scanner that can road. Put students in pairs 10 lind and underline examples in the lexts in Exercise 6a. Answers: CyberBug is a device thai allows you to listen in on poop Ie's conversations . . and ask questions. Additional activity Collecllhe wriHen descriptions and posllhem on the walls of the classroom.colored plastic . You can put the box in your bog or briefcase. ready 10 answer questions... 8 Is the eorpiece obvious? A Not at all. and a small earpiece....'----------------------------------. fo r people who are physically disadvantaged After students have completed Exercise 6b. around.. let them check their answers in pairs. .. A Okay.. and you can hear people who are talking up to 50 meters owoy.. Which group can guess alilhe words first? ~~. t . Divide the closs fnta Group A and Group B. 8 Excuse me? A Yes. Ask students to listen for answers to the questions and then d iscuss them in small groups or as a whole class. uh . in your in-troy at work. our gadget is called CyberBug. one person from each group 10 stand next 10 the description.. he/she can move on to Ihe next word. When the student has guessed the word.. Then have a class vote. Irs very small and irs mode of skin. CyberBug is a device that allows you to listen in on people's conversations. It consists of a little box that contains a microphone and amplifier. '1J Iii' •• 5 Compare Play the aud io for Exercise 5. ff you're looking for a cell phone that lets you . 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to think of an everyday objcct and how to describe it.. Ask the rest of the closs 10 walk.. Unit 5 T 55 Eureka! .4 Feedback Ask for a few volunteers to tell the class about their gadgets. 6 Notice Read through the rules about relative clauses and go ovor tho oxamples as a class. read the descriptions of the gadgets on the wall... One person from each group has 10 lurn around so that he/she con'l see the board.. Ask. How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts .

The people have had too much to drink. 6 It also contains a switch. 1 What is it and what does it do? 2 Would you like to have one? 3 When would you use it if you had it? 6 Notice 'Using relative clauses in descriptions When we describe ob jects (or people) we often add information that gives important details or differentiates the object (or person) from others. Don't name the object! Can your partner guess what it is? E ureka! Unit S . you can hoor people who are talking up to 50 meters oway. II is a precaution that police can use to slop drink driving.s on. which. 5 Compare ~ Listen 10 someone describing a new invention. it sends out a signal that the police can pick up. Police can use it to stop drunk driving. This measures your reaction times. yJUY caY. Do they describe things or people? What information do they give us? b Combine the sentences in each pair with a relative pronoun. 7 Follow up Choose an everyday object. a Read the descriptions in Exercise 1 again and underline examples of relative clauses. The sensor is attached to a computer that measures your reaction limes. If the information is essential to the meaning of the senlence. The police can pick up the signal. To do this we use clauses beginning with th at. II also contains a switch that immobilizes your car. Make notes about it and describe it to your partner. Take notes on the other groups' inventions. The switch immobilizes your car.d 5e"-'" ~ a 9mOfl gadfJd !:Iuzf.fuf. . according to the criteria in questions 4-8 of Exercise 2. 7k . 4 The sensor is attached to a computer.. and ask questions about them if you want. 2 The sensor identifies people. The people are drunk and shouldn·t be in their cars. or who. it sends out a signal. Answer !J18 questions. It fits in your car.4 Feedback a Describe your invention to the class. 7 The police can then arrest people.. The sensor identifies people who have had too much to drink. 1 The Alcohol Sensor is a small gadget.. b Vote on the best invention in the class. 5 If your reaction times are slow. It consists of a little box thai con/oins a microphone . [f your reaction times are slow. 3 It is a precaution . The poUce can then arrest people who are drunk and shouldn't be in their cars. fd.. we do not use commas: CyberBug is a device that allows YOIl to listen in on people's conversations.

when we imagine consequences of actions that in reality didn't happen: If the Russians had used nuclear weap::l(lS in the Cold War. It is oftElfl used with connectors such as before. 2 It's a device that makes holes in sheets of paper. unhealthy.. We can put the clauses in either order: Penny wouldn't have met Jeff if she hadn't gone to the party.) 2 Why did Mike have a stomachache? (eat a lot . Think of explanations for the following problems.. 8/ot of peopJe would have died from bacterial infection... Compktte the third conditional sentences. 4 Why were the streets wet? (rain . 1 high in salt 4 oity but healthy 2 sour to the taste 5 rich in vitamins 3 very unhealthy 6 starchy We had been living in Chile for several months before we really feJt at home there. . Why did they award her the Nobel Prize? Because she had fought for peace aU her life.'ho are not at home or in the offIce. she wouldn't have met Jeff...... Find two types of food In the box that are usually . 3 If I had won . it Fonn past perfect si~: subtect + had + past participle I had already seen the movie. rNe arrived.'Cause he had ~'Cn drinking. ironing board oIarrn clock paperclip hole punche< correction fluid sticky notes mou"" pad 2 If ' hadn't met . bitler. If Ross had studied harder.. sour..'ho find it difficult to wake up in the morning! al arm clock 6 This is a type 01 cabinelthat we use lor storing files arx::I papers. ) Mike hu d a stom ach ach e because h e h ad eaten too much . rich in . sally. protein. filing cabinet 2 Describing food Nutrients: carbohydrates.. Fonn If + 5 Why were her eyes red? (cry . happen. arx::I minerels Adjectives describing food: sweet.. heart problem Will had been experiencing pain for several weeks before his was diagnosed.hole punch er 3 This machine takes telephone messages for people v.- 1 If I hadn't studied . ) The streets were wet because it had been raining I it had ra ined .. fats. 4 If I had been born in . for an action that happeoed before another.. ) They missed t he pl ane hecause they had arrived too late.) We were really /ate and when we anived at the party. so I didn't want to last night. our friends left. food p rocessor Note the difference between the simple past arx::I the past perfect: I cutting hoard We were really late and when we 8IriIIed at the party..) The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: 5 This is very useful for people v. 1 This is something that I use 'Nhen I want to cut up vegetables. wouJdn '/ have fJflded in the '990s. see it again past perfect progressive: subject + had + been + -ing verb Susan had been waiting frx an hour before Tom anNed. i. exams. he wouldn't have failed his 6 Why did he wreck the car? (drink . healthy. We put a comma after the if clause if it comes at the beginning of the sentence. dishtowel cutting board 1 Everyday objects Read these descriptions of gadgets and decide which object from the box they describe.) We can also imagine consequences of something that did not 1 INhy did Isabel leave John? (fall Il love . 3 Why did they miss the plane? (arrive late . fatly. The past perfect progressive is used for ongoing actions or situations 'Nhich continued until. Then underline the relative clause in each one. Vocabulary Summary Home Office water cooler photocopier fax machine Both answering machine filing cabinet washing machine dishwasher arrnchaK food proce=. UnitS Eureka! .e. answer i n g machine 4 This is a machine that you use for a lOt of jobs when you're cooking. thel1 our friends left.. ~'Cau se she h 011 heen crying. oiy..LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Sum mary 1 Third conditional Use To talk about actions or Situations in the past that are contrary to knoINn facts.) Isabel left ' oh n because sh e h ad fa llen in love with someone else. .. If Penny hadn't gone to the party. (The Russians didn't use nuclear weapons in the Cold War. when in reality it did: If Fleming hadn't discovered peniciUin. starchy Expressions: full of ' . low in . She got her degree after she had completed all the courses successfully. I had become quite profICient in Spanish befrxe I visited Latin Amerk:a. (Our friends left.. our friends had 18ft.) He wreck~d the car 1 >t.. sugar. after. high in . vitamins.. then we arrived. creamy... using the clues given or your own ideas. or stopped just before the past time we are talKing about: sugary. then compare them with a partner... fiber.. when. ) Her eyes were red would / wouldn't + have + past participle past perfect.. (Fleming did discover penicillin. cutlins honrd 2 Past pertect simple and progressive Use To show sequence in the past.

9 Speak English to native or non-native speakers on the phone. I usually panic . 1 From now on.U o 0. I need t ime to think exactly how I'm going to say it. If not. what I want to say is I want to leave my job. ~ . - 8 Speak English to native speakers. Then the other person says somet hing and I'm suddenly lost because I don't understand them... . talk about your action plan from page 47. 2 From now on. I .. discuss what you do in these situations.. Practice the strategies. Look at these groups of phrases and match them with the situations in Exercise 2a. 3 Speak English to your teacher in class. • You also want to know if it's okay to say "to move on a diet" in English. S Talk to friends in English. I am going to speak more English in class by . 2 Speak English in groups during class.U > L.. 6 Talk to American friends in English. you mean that you want to leave the jOb? 7 Speak English to other non-native speakers. 3 Practicing the strategies ~ a Usten and repeat the phrases from Exercise 2c. 2 Strategies for getting around problems when speaking a However much you practice speaking English.z z o C) ~ Speaking 1 Maximizing opportunities to speak English a The best way to improve your speaking is to speak! Check hOw well you are doing by complet ing this ij<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan: Discursive essays In pairs. Then complete this action plan . b In groups. 4 Talk to classmates in English outside of the classroom. ::J questionnaire . I want to leave the job. Have imaginary conversations in English. 11 Record yourself doing a role play or 12 reading aloud. I didn't understand the part when you said you wanted to leave the job. ex Speak up! Are you missing those valuable chances to practice your speaking? Take this little test and find out by checking the boxes on the right. 1 Speak English in pairs during class. Then I have to st op and that really frustrat es 20 I' m tal king and everything's okay...0 Sometimes I feel pressured when I have to say something . b In pairs. And the pressure makes my m ind go blank. how can I put it? I want to leave my job. but talk quickly. How often do you do the following? >- o --l L.0 If I notice that the other person doesn't understand me.. ® say that again. 0 0 0 0 ill bottles of wine? 2 Is that clear? Do you understand me? @) What I mean is. . 10 Use a dictionalY to help with pronunciation and stress. look at the problems these students of English have and check the ones you have experienced.. show it to your partner.. Did you write a discursive essay? If so. "- 10 I'm speaking and suddenly I need a word or ph rase but I don't know it in English. $coring Add up the fX>ints you received for each question: never = 0. 1 Talk about your fam ily. I want to leave @ myjob. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: making opportunities to speak English Talk to your partner about how you could speak more English. please? 1 Could you speak a little more slowty I I'm sorry. 4 Talk for one minute non-stop about what attracts you to other people. rarely = 1 . . I am going to speak more English outside of class by . see how much you can remember about discursive essays arKllheri compare your ideas with page 47. sometimes = 2. 3 Ask your partner to help you: • You don't know the word for people who are addicted to chocolate.. Um . let me think . for example at an English language club.. there 'Nill always be moments INhen you get stuck. me. 3 What do you call that thing for opening Is there a word or expression for when you can't think because your mind is frozen? Can you say "my mind went blank" in English? 4 Uh. So. Note: you will have to report back on your action plan at the end of Unit 6. take turns talking about these situations. Eureka l Unit5 . This is normal when you learn any foreign language. Well. That ma kes me feel very insecure. often = 3 b Add up your score and check the key on page 149. 2 Talk about your studiesljob. Check that your partner understands. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 mreo sometimes often 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O· 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 c A gcxx:l way to manage these problems is to learn some phrases to use when these situations occur..

A Oh. so theyG n'U ~wrillen the same number. L How certAin arc the speakers in each of the sentences above? Put the number of the sen tence in tho correct place. 5 But they cou l( have orne from Ecuador. J cill1 'l have left it there. Complete them with modal verbs. e} They wrote the same number of plays . This time change IV(Jl/fJ/ (e. A No. you mighl have put it in the dmwer. I already looked. Circ:le the contractions YOll hear in Exercise 2a.000 4 In which country were Panama hats first made? a) Panama 3 Pronunciation: co ntractions Listen to the sen tences from Exercise 2a again. 2 How big was Shakespeare's vocabulary? a} 3. @ Ecuador c) the United States 5 What are the Canary Islands named after? a) a type of bird @ a type of dog c) the daughter of a queen 6 What was the first name of King George VI of England? a) George b) Philip @JAlbert b In pairs..ld.. .000 plays. Unil6 WOfds.m. You could have left it in the car. or .:cJjn't JuiVl!. discuss your answers. thoy . That's 1 What do William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes have in common? a) They were born on the ndlct~ possibl ~ same day.000 words c) 370. and for possihility .1 Speaking ski lls a Take the quiz below. c Cover the dialogue and practice it again.000 words 3 Approximately how many plays did lope de Vega write? a) 20 Tho spoaker is 100% suro thi s is not true The speaker is f 1 3 4 5 6 2 100% sure this is true c Now complete these rules about ded uction and possibility in the past.ust. it isn't there. I have h. A Have you s(.u. @»They died on the same day.:~v ~een AlLert.. Form : modal vern + .700 words 4 he j 'hl hav Titten 200 plflYs. .ighL. Do you agree? ~ c Listen to some peop le discussing the q uestions and check your answers.IdI..1 or CQuldn'l . my glasses) and change the places suggested flbove.vnyrdn'l h~ written 2. 2 Grammar: deduction and possibility in the past Listen to some sentences fro m the discussion.-~:::-. ® 37. my cell phone. Guess the answers if you don't know them . B Well . or Philip.. ~ no idea.'Cn my wallet? I can't find it anywhere. A No.am + past participle Use: for certainly that something is true. the remote control. B No. b) 200 (3)2. words . That's (j J supposo Or it ~~.. yes.co. 1 Shakespeare wrote lots of plays. J must have done that. 2 So Shnkospellrc€ 91ad a vocabulary of 37.000 words! 3 ~11~ h.g. for certainty that something is nol true.JlliI>-.written the same number.h. then practice it with II partner. H Ah! Then yOlL must hilve left it in the bed room when you c1wnged earlier. we use .m. keys. .. I didn·t take it out with me.".ll... words. Listen to tl~loglle. I'll check.

What are the Canary Islands named after? A Let me lake a look. Irs c. B I'm impressedl Okay.. And the answer is. best known for Don Quixote.. I"m sure that Panama hals were first made in Panama l B Okay. calm down.. irs too obvious. neither. And the correct answer is . they couldn·t have been named after the doughter of a queen C Why nof? S How many girls have you met named Canary? e (laughs] R ight . man.. B Yes.000 words.000. a possibility. Albert. so they can't have wrinen the same number. I'll take a look.1 I Words. A Yep. question 1. question 2. Draw a line all the board. but thaI's ali. go ahead. Ask students to listen and check their answers. Bul why are they called Panama hots Ihen? B I don't know. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. B Okay. Bul he couldn·t have wrinen 2. we did ok . II comes from the Latin word for dog ~ canis . elicit answers from the Shakespeare 11564. ighI. What do you think? B Well. Darren's right. b. e Well. Play the audio for Exercise 1e. A Yeah. I know the answer.and there were dogs on the islonds when they were first discovered. Ask students to listen and read and underline or circle any part of the dialogue where there is a contraction.. his name could have been George A Or il may have been Albert or Philip.20 or b. Question 4.000 and 60. like the one in Exer cise 2b . No. C No. e I think irs more likely b.. Monitor students for pronunciation mistakes with contractions. too. fltlSWers with Il partner. notably Hamlet.Objectives Grammar Topic: William Shakespeare Vocabulary literature Pronunciation contractions deduction and possibility in the past: must/cou/dlmightl can" + have + past participle Ustening Speaking a literary mystery a radio interview taking and discussing a quiz Reading Write on the board : William Shakespeare Miguel de Cervantes Lope de Vega Ask students What do these people have in common? Whol do you know about them? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills When students have tAken the quiz Ilnd discussed dass to find Ollt what students guessed . B WOWI Thars amazing I Hey. / So.000 words! A Yep. 1"11 just check . Very good l Okay. because people didn·t have records of births in those days. Ecuador e WeH. and tragedies. thaI's stupid. Wow..37. and write 100% not Sllrc to the left of it and 100% sure to the rigbt. A Was he the crazy one? B No.16161 was England's greatest ployv. B No. Ask students to do Exer ci se 3e in pairs. Ask students where they think the other sentences go on the line. A Good thinking' So irs either a or b. but George was one of his names. I Okay. B Yeah.OOO! Lers look at question 3. The answer is c. so should we go for 0. LeI's check. (pauses to readl b! Correct . Culture note 2 Grammar: de d uction and possibility in the past Play the audio and ask students to complet e the sentences in Exercise 2a with the modal verb they hear. Shakespeare's vocabulary. comedies. me. 24~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------. that was George III. Thors ridiculous l A I agree. Miguel de Cervantes 11547-16161 was a Spanish author and dramafist. dramatist. how did you know thaf? C I learned rt in latin. I The audioscripts for Track 25 and Track 2G ore on page T59 "::. words. ~ 3 Pronunciation: contractions Draw students' attention to the example in Exercise 3<1 . But Ihey could hove come from Ecuador. In which country were BR Panama hats first made? C Easy. didn't Cervantes write mostly novels? And Shakespeare wrole lots of plays. A You do? C Irs a type of dog.irs b. Da you two know Lope de Vega? e I've heard of him. 200? C Well. Thars possible. King Lear. I don·t think so. George Vl's first name. A Okay.000 plays. 2.'righL He wrote histories. and then have them circle the contractions they hear on the audio. lers soy thaI. Ask students in pairs to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. They must have been mode in Panama. and novelist who wrote ploys about love and honor. t agree. but they did hove records of the death of famous people. con I lake over here? A Yeah. Well. A Is that so? e So Shakespeare must"ve hod a vocabulary of 37. ond Romeo and Juliet. but Panama is 100 obvious. should I look at the answer? Right . The Canary Islands were named after dogs! B Well . words T 58 Unit 6 . Next question. I suppose he might have written 200 plays. lope de Vega 1l562~16351 was a Spanish poet. we're wrong. A So. I have no idea e Me. Anyway. S Okay. All Fine. Lost question. So what do you think? B I've read thaI Ihe overage adult these days has a vocabulary of between 25.

that he married Ann Hathaway. t can't have left iT there. Hc must have gone 1 collosc or His jather may have beell rich. you might have put il in The drower. words. and we know that he was a businessman . You could have left it in the em. pu t stu dents in pairs to list r eason s w h y Shakespeare could n ot have w ritten the plays. Ask stud enls 10 listen and c h eck their answers. Interviewer Prolessor Price. and that he d ied a rich man on April the 23rd.and thars about it. Indeed. This is very odd. and VIOla? Anolher curious point is thai in his will. Tell stuclents thaI it doesn't matter iftht:y dOll 't kn ow any answers. Thars possible. 27'------------------------------------------------------------. yel William of Stratford's two daughters could not read or write. His porents couldn'l read or write and probably hod no books. so he con't have hod a very good edu{Qtion.4 Listening skills Divide the class into groups of four to discuss the areas in Exercise 4a . t didn't take it out with me.000 plays. I already looked. There are no direct connections between this actor and businessman and the man who is known as the greatest writer in the English language. wards . Shakespeare does not mention any books or any connections at all with his life as a writer. the greatest play in the English language? And if he did not write the ploys and poems 01 Shakespeare. 8 Ah! Then you must have left it in the bedroom when you changed earlier. he appears a little later as the au thor of highly cultured poems and plays. 5 But they could have come from Ecuador.000 wards! 3 But he couldn't have written 2. yes. I have no ideo. As k students to listen . Interviewer But do we know he was 0 writer and an aclor? Price Well. A No. The question is. Give stu dents a four-minute time limit to thin k o f ideas_ Th en e l icit a class list and wrile it on the board. There appears to be some controversy about Ihe great man today. The loct is. il isn't there. in Stratford. 5 Reading ski lis Put sh!dents in pnirs to discuss th eir answer s to Exercises Sa and sb. t must have done that. "~ For Exercise 2 on poge 58 " 1 Shakespeare wrote lots 01 plays. we actually know very little about his life.. B No. [n Exercise 4d . William Shakespeare? [)on't we know who really wrote the greatest ploys in the English language? Price Well. Interviewer We know that Shakespeare hod a huge vocabulary. no. For example. A No. Could this be the man wh o wrote Hamiel. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 6c in pairs. so they can't have written the same number. could this be the some man who created such wonderfully intelligent female characters os Portia. o o ~ Play the audio for Exercise 4b. so let me begin by asking you why some people say Shakespeare didn't wrile the works of . 8 Well. I'll check.. I~ For Exercise 3 00 poge 58 " A Have you seen my wallet? t can't find it anywhere. Rosalind. he wrote over 37 ploys and more thon 150 poems. Interviewer BuT surely we have evidence that he was the writer? Price Not really. you're an authority on Shakespeare. lhors not quite true. il is a bit 01 a mystery. 6 Vocabulary: literature Ask st udents to comp lete the table in EXI~rcise 6a. He was a respected man in the community. Some people believe thal lhe lillie we do know about the man Iram Stratford suggests that he couldn't have written the marvelous plays and poems 01 the outhor "Williom Shakespeare'. th en do Exercise 6d as a whole class. Then ask students to writ e a few sentences compari ng de Vere and Shakespeare and telling why de Vere is a likely wri ter.000 words. that they had three children. Thafs ridiculous ! 4 I suppose he might have written 200 ploys. they sh ould try to u se modals to specu late.md answer the questions in Exercise 4c. so if their son was indeed the writer William Shakespeare. All we really know is that he was born in Stratford. Yes. A Oh. which was twice as large as mast cultured men 01 his time. although William Shakespeare is coosidered the greatest writer in the English language. tnterviewer And his family? What about his porents? Price We know that his father worked with animal skins and was possibly a butcher. Play Ihe audio agai n . 1614. Where did that come from? Price GQad question. we do know he was an oClor. then who did? Unit 6 T 59 Words. Briefl y discuss answers w ith the class. but he wasn't on educated man. We also know for a loci that William didn't go to university and he may oot even hove gone to the Iocol school. 2 So Shakespeare must have had a vocabulary 01 37. Let th em check in pairs b efore the y [oak at th o Vocabulary Sum mary for Exercise lib. he couldn't have gotten his incredible learning from being at home till he was 20 years old l Yet. 6 Or it may have been Albert or Philip. The writer William Shakespeare had a vocabulary of 37.

but his writings are very different fro m Shakespeare's. There have been a number of theories about w ho might have w ritten the greatest w orks of literature in the Engl ish langu age . He was the son-inlaw of the most powerful man in the kingdom . words. He studied law and traveled to Italy. but this seems un likely as he was assassinated ve ry young and couldn't have w ritten so many works.4 Listening skills a \V hal kind o f man (10 you think William Shakespeare was? In groups. as some of his plays draw so much on the country. e In pnirs.k your answers in tho Vocabulary Summary 011 page 60. Thon compare wi th a partner. which everybody agrees "Shakespeare" must have done.espcarc". his fami ly his background h is education h is profession ~ b Listen to a radio interview about William Shakespeare and check your answers. But if this is all true. pointing to the most popular candidate nowadays.the Prime Minister . S Reading ski lls a If Shakespeare d id not write the "works ofWilJiam Shakespeare". 1 Whnt arc the three most popular forms of reading'? 2 Which kinds of writing docs nohody read'! c Wrile brief notes oflhe reasons why de Vere is considered Ihe most likely writer of the "wO!'ks of William Shak. 1 Which of the kinds of writing in the lab Ie do YOll rend in English'r 2 Which do you read in your OWI1 lal1guagc? 3 Do you hnve a favorite wrilcr? 4 Who is the most fnmous writel' in your country? d Conduct a class survey nnd find out the answers to Ihose questions. words . why did he hide behind the mask of "William Shakespeare"? Words. )1£ """'if >Ui hm< if"" 10 !dud. ddn'/ If' 10 aUcge.who is made fun of in Hamlet. His poems and letters use many unusual expressions that are also found in Shakespeare's works. make II list of reasons from the listening for why William Shakespeare cou ld not havo wrillellihe fnmolls plays and poems. Edward de Vere. and all his plays have mysteriously disappeared. then who did? Read the text helow and check IV ) the most likely candidnte. William of Stratford would have been imprisoned or executed! De Vere was a respected wnter who stopped writing just when a genius called ~WiJliam Shakespeare" appeared on t he scene. People say only de Vere could have attacked the Prime Minister and gotten away with it. Ch ristoph er Marlow e. This romantiC character would have made the perfect Hamlet.. discuss theso qt!(lslions. he must have been an aristocrat. Kind of writing poetry novel p lay hislory book hiogra phy drama movie screenplays newspHJler Wriler poet noveli st phlywright historian biographer d ramalist scnJen wriler journalist 2 3 4 5 o 7 H Where was he from? Strutf ord (Ens land) Who was he married to" A nn HuthUl vuy How many chi ldren did they have? 3 Whal exactly did he do fo r a living'~ oc/orlbusinessnUln What job did his father do'~ worked will! utlinlfl J skins I possibly u butch er Howald was he when ho left home'? 20 How many poems d id he wr i te'~ more thun 150 How many words did he know lind use in Engl i sh '~ 37. 1 6 Vocab ul ary: literature a Complete lhe lub le with words and phrases about literature. a high ly educated man for his ti me. Did anything surprise you about the infomwtion? Whan ~ c Listen again and answer these questions abou t Shakespeare. b Ca n you guess the answer to lhe last qlleslion in the texr~ b Che(. Another t heory cites the great playwrigh t of t he time. One offers Francis Bacon. 5~. Many people believe that whoever "Shakespeare" was.000 d In pa irs. the 17th Earl of Oxford. his biography fits perfectly. discuss thuse areas.

adventure/act ion stories amusing/funny books detective/police stories historical novels horror stories love stories non-fiction science fiction short stories thrillers 2 Readi ng ski lls a These four extracts foll ow the opening extracts in Exercise 1b. words.. 17\ ~ ' . - CD Years later. lannis had enJoy none of his patients had Ie c [n pairs. - • • • • • to relax to be entertained to learn something new to be moved to escllpe from reality to" " . bUilt on the bank of a river of clear water thai ran a ong a bed of polished stones . lanced one abscess. h Read lhe opening extracts from four stories. ... discuss these questions. facing the firing squad. © @ d h 'd both been in and out They were brothers a~ t ey " of juvenL e Hall five urnes. Read and malch each one with an opening extract. which means "l ife". she is calving abscess 8 painful swollen area on your skin or inside your body molar large tooth at tho back of the mouth Juvenile Hall a home for boys who got into trouble b Whi ch wortls helped you connect the sentences with the openi ng extracts? Underline them and compare with a partner. Colonel. Dr. GLOSSARY h At that ti me Mac . cd a sausfactory d aY in which d· d or gotten any worse. Aurcliano Buendia would remember th~t dlstan~ afternoon when his father took him to discover Ice. Words. on a was a village of twenty adobe O" SCS. and human mummies. because I came into the world With a breath of jungle in my memory.s in Latin . according to a book of names my mother consu lted.Fiction • 1 Speaki ng skills a Look at the wards in the box. What kind of books / stories do you like to read"' Why? Choose from the reasons below. d ' was ten " firing squad a small group of soldiers whose job is @ My name is Eva. and grew up amidst ancient fumiture. The first time I ran away from school . but none of those thmgs m~de me melancholy.. Guess what kind of story or book each one opens. . words .extracted a molar . ® He had attended a surprisingly easy calving. book. ® I was bom in the back room of a shadowy house. ® Two o 'dcr guys talked me into it. • USEFUL LANGUAGE Num ber one looks like it comes from a thriller. 1 Why is Ihe opening sentence of a story very important? 2 Which extract most makes you want to read more? How docs it do this? Unit 6 to kill prisoners by shooting them mummies dead bod ies preserved and wrapped in cloth (in Ancient Egypt) melancholy fee li ng very sad and without hope cnlving when a female cow is having a baby. That can't be from a poem! 11 could be fro m a biography.

and find out what types of books are the mosl popular. by describing what stories you like to read.. Ask Whars this novel called in your language? Who wrote if? What sorl of story is it? Have you read it? Whars if about? Would you recommend it? Why? Why nof? Suggested novels: One Hundred Years of Solitude. " "They wore brothers . Possibly a fUrulY book. lord of the Rings Introduce the topic •• 1 Speaking skills Model the activity briefly. Possible answers: 1 2 3 4 Perhaps from an adventure/action story. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise l b..Objectives Vocabulary Topic: genres of fiction Reading Writing the continuation of a story figuring oul meaning from context extracts from novels Speaking discussing booKs and reasons for reading - Write the names of three or four well-known novels on the board and ask students oboullhem... " "I was born . or even non-fiction. set the scene. Unclear . It could be an autobiography. Ask students to continue to work in pairs to discuss Exercise l c. He" . words T 60 Unit 6 . words. Perhaps an amusing book.. D 1: key words: "that distant afternoon" "At that time" Words. and make the reader want to continue. introduce characters. Briefly elicit answers from the class.it must be autobiographical. 2 Reading skills Briefly introduce Exercise 2b by eliciting students' answers to exercise l b as a whole class. Answers to the second question will vary. Answers: A 3: key words "My name is . Answers may vary. Answers: The opening sentence is important because it must catch the reader's attention.. Probably nOD-fiction. Ask students to match the extracts.. a historical novel. Like Water for Chocolate.'calving" C 2: key words: "l\vo older guys . then discuss Ihe question in exercise 2b wilh a partner. Remind Ihem to refer to the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. " "I came into the world" B 4: key words: "Or lannis" "palients" '. and then ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise la.

Unit6 T 61 Words. Read through the strategies with students before they do the task. Answers: moved a bike by pushing the pedals (what you put your feet on) a narrow stream a type of smaJl. Ask In what ways is the actual continuation different from your stoIJ'? Additional activity Collect the paragraphs and publish them by posting them on the classroom walls. monitoring and helping with ideas and vocabulary. Have students talk in pai rs briefly to predict the story. Move around the class.Ask students to look at the phrases fro m the story in Exercise 2c . They must have felt happy. or quickly put students into small groups and have a couple of volunteers sharo theirs aloud. Ask students to read tho actual continuation on page 147 ohhe Student's Book. The older boys may have felt il wasn't worth goi ng to. 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Ask students to work in pairs to figure out the meanings. edible freshwater lobster somothing you use to attract and catch fish a type of meat food betweenlwo pieces of bread chocolate candy pieces softened in the sun bottom of a river or creek with no water said ··no·· Hi 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow lhe steps in Exercise 4 to continue the story. Ask students to read the story again and write true or false next to the statements in Exercise 2d . When students have finished. Refer students to Develop Your Learning on page 35. Have students vote on which is best. Encourage them to use past modals to specu late. Let students check in pairs before going through the answers as a class. The narrator must have felt nervous. they are brothers. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2e. words . Then ask students to read all the stories and decide which ane they like best and why. Possible answers: The older boys do. But the narrator doesn't know them well. ask some volunteers to read their stories aloud to the class. then elicit answers fTOm the class. Ask students to read the story to check their predictions. words. They may have played hookey because they were juvenile delinquents I they were bored and haled school ! it was a nice day.

. e In pairs. especially the last sentence... 5 The narrator ate meatloaf sandwich and chocolate. 4 Think of a sentence that will continue s~ooth l y from the last part of the story. words. c Read your paragraph aloud to the class. go to page 147. Look at the phrases that come from it and guess which story it is. page 53). False Words. etc. adding connecting words (See Writing Skills. I said 'yes' to ev6!'jthing. We hid the bikes in a stand of eucatyptus trees at the edge of the Afra'IO and.. check your writing.. 1m.j. 1 Do the boys know each other well? 2 Why did they play hooky? 3 How do you think they felt about school? 4 How did they feel when they stole tbe bikes? 5 How about when they caught the crawclads? 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Look at tbese words from the slory. stole three bikes a short vacation at the edge of the Arroyo a big flat rock tore the package open reached Los Angeles They told me it would just be like taking a shOrt vacation . 2 Decide if the next part is going to be funny. for snakes until one of them got the idea of IcJ...getes was wtlen my aunt took me to the Farmer's t>Aarket in her '44 Dodge to loOk at the myna birds. So I \. Which is the best continuation? d To find out bow the original story continues. I atwaYS hated meatloaf. A carrot vvrapped in wax paper 'Nith a rubber bard arourd it. Imagine that you are the narrator. I must have been six then. 3 Make notes on the basic events. They offered me a licI< but I declined. \. Try to predict what might happen in the story. b Now write the next paragraph of the story... I spread the contents of the paper bag ~ out on a big !\at rock. Use the strategies from Develop Your Learning on page 35 to figure out their meanings. False 2 They took their bikes with them.... We caught crawdads 'Nith marshmalk'JW bait then tore the shells off them and used \.. went.. such as adjectives. The bike I stole was too big for me so I could r. Unit 5. guess the answers to these questions. 5 Add details to your notes. even though I suspected LA was at least a hurdred miles ~.-ent doNn the creek. ttreijr meat to catch more cravvdads. Are these statements true or false? 1 The boys went on a vacation . They ate the M & Ms first.r. adverbs of manner. False 3 They had fish for lunch.. I pedaled standing. 1 pedaled 2 creek 3 crawdads 4 bait 5 meatloaf sandwich 6 a melted bag of M & M's 7 dry bed 8 dedined 4 Writing skills a Now continue the story in pairs.. The ooty otrer time I'd fNf$ been to los t>r.. Wrtff(1lunchtime came I had to share my lunch 'Nith the brotherS beCaUse they'd forgotten to bring theirs. 't d Read the story again. 6 Start forming sentences. Draw on your own experience and imagination . Follow Ulese steps: 1 Look at the lasl few lines of the story. A meatloaf sandwich· A metted bag of M & Ms.. False 4 The narrator gave his lunch to the other boys.Nering our bikes dQIM1 into the aqueduct and riding along the dry bed IJltil we reached lOS..AngeleS.c You are now going to read the next part of one of the stories. then read the extract and check your predictions. I didn't eat any of the meatloaf sardwich eijther. or d ramatic. Tore the package open and tiCked the chOCOlate off the paper.. Especialty cold and between bread .. When you have finished. words Unil6 . and wlil catch the attention of the reader. sad. The rest of the afternoon we climbed around the hills looking ..ever sit up en the seat all the Wf. We stole three bikes out of a back yard and took off for the Afra'IO Seco.

Like that of her character. Harry.~::~i~hle~k your ideas from ExerciseO~~. b Look at the headlines bel I predictions... Rowling has become a full-time writer and has g iven up her tiny rwo-room apartment for a Scott' mansion and luxury apartments in born Edinburgh anu London. _. J.h~:~ohneea dWI~s P:lblished? . And like the proverbial prince. a smaller campall fro I P fOm '. What are the articles about" 2 Which articles will express a p "r ' point of view and who h . .. y m a arger compallY it 6 Words. Divorced.K.. e. the author of h you think her n h t 0 Harry Polter books is b Read th . goes to China ~ for tourism @Hany Potter is magic Excrcis: I. and living in a tiny Ed inburgh apartment with her infant daughter. W()(ds. Now the goodnews is that Harry Poner.K.. How do la:~c. it was her creation.. They have all beel translated into more than 20 languages. Her fans arc quick to point out that despite her success.. who rescued her from her life of rags and brought her one of riches.as changed since Harry POlter~ndnt~\. on e of the richest women in the world. but once accepted and publish ed.rom As the new Harry Pon er story was being eagerly awaited by millions of fans all over the wo rld.. the schoolboy magician and hero of the books.K. which have led to the publication of four sequels so far.:: the Harry POller movie~.:s ~~:~.K.g. Rawling.. or maybe because of it. Magician Harry Potter brings ® riches to author m_~~"". she is one of the bigy donators to charity that me country has ever seen. OSllVe Ilegat' . words .~ 2 Reading skills a Harry Potter : ~". . unemployed. 3 1. me . • In the years slOce the appearance of the first H arry Potter story.K. writing Harry Potter offshootS and giving the proceed s to her favorite causes. it was announced that J. ~ GLOSSARY rags old and shabby clothes offshoots something that dcvelo s Ii e.lIIother thillS. Harry Potter.Fact to fantasy 1 Speaking ski Us a ::::nOle5 of everything you know 1 the Harry POlter books :. J 1 2: The novelist's first attempt was turned down by several __ publishers.. Rowling. . Rawling. J. it got rave reviews on both sides of me Atlantic. has made his creator wealthier than Quee Elizabeth II. K.. Rowling's life resembles a fairy talc.a mous writer. is now richer than the Queen of England.' e . with a fortune estimated at one billion dollars. I you might see the artIc os that the hcadl'Ines Come from? 1 /1 mUst USEFUL LANGUAGE be about . They must have been . world-. author of the fantasy novels that arc popular with young and old alike. Ie will express a 1\ e poml of View? Why? 3 Where do you think . OWan( make The headlines have bee 'k fro 'I naen m arl l~ es. The38-year-old author is now the ninth richest woman in the u. Rawling wrote Harry Poner and the Sorcerer's Stone at a table in a cafe wh ile her daughter was sleeping. ...

Objectives
Grammar

Topic: J.K. Rawling and Harry Potter
Vocabulary avoiding repetition Reading a newspaper article

the passive

Speaking predicting from headlines

-

Divide the class into groups of four to six. Write the words Harry Pot/cron tho board, and then give the groups timo 10 jot notes down on everything they know about Harry Polter. After\vards, ask each group to share their three most interesting facts with the class.

Introduce the topic

1

Speaking skills
Ask studen ts to discuss the headlines in Exercise Ib in pairs or in groups. Encourage them to use medals. Point out the Useful Language phrases.

Suggested a nswers: Headline 1 Tho article is probably about the author and how sho has become rich. It 's positive. . It must come from a newspaper or magazine article. Headline 2 It is probably about how the book has been translated into Chinese and is proving successful there. It 's positive. It's probably fro m a newspaper - it might be from a publishing magazine. Headline 3 Irs probably about how the Harry Poller books have had a negative effect on read ing I the English language I literature or something like that. It's negative. It may come from a literary or educational article in a newspaper. Headline 4 It's about how people from all over the world are visiti ng places in Britain where Harry Potter was written or filmed. It's positive. It could come from an article in a travel magazine.

2 Reading skills
In Exercise Zn , elicit from tho class a few predictions about how J.K. Rowling's lifo has changed. Then ask students to road the article to answer the question in Exercise z b and check their predictions. Answers: Sho has become a successful writer, lhe ninth richest woman in the U.K., and she owns II Scottish mansion and luxury apartments. She gives a lot of money to charity. Headline 1 goes with the article.
J.K. Uoonnel Rawling did not use her first nome on the books because she lel1that boys might be put off reading the book il they knew it was by a "girl: She wonlS to motivate boys. especially, to read. which has been one 01 the great successes 01 the Herry Potier books.
Culture note

Words, words. words

T 62

Unll6

Ask students to look through the questions in Exercise 2c and decide which paragraph might answer them. Go over the answers briefly with the class. Then ask students to look through the relevant paragraph for answers and discuss them with a part ner. Answers: no answer She was divorced, unemployed, had a small child. and lived in a small apartment. (para. 2) No. (para. 3) They "got rave reviews on both sides of the Atlantic.. - so, equally successful. (para. 3) No answer. Less than 38. (para. 3) No. She has given some money from "offshoots" to her fa vorite causes. (para. 4) Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise 2d in pairs. Answers: The art icle is positive. Supporting phrases include: eagerly awaited, popular, resembles a fairy tale, rescued .. . from ... rags (10) riches, rave reviews, one of the richest women in the world, biggest donators to charity

3 Vocabu lary: avoi ding repetition
Tell students to copy the table in Exercise 3h into their notebooks. Ask lhem to scan the lext for synonyms and paraphrases that refer to lhe author J.K. Rowling and lhen complete the table with these phrases. Answe rs: Adj(l(:tives divorced unemployed Adjectival phrases 38-year-old full-time Nouns author novelist creator writer donator Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels one of the richest women in the world one of the b iggest donators to charity

4 Gram mar review: the passive
Ask stude nls to work in pairs to match examples in Exercise 4a to uses. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the q uestions aboul lhe examples in Exercise 4b. Point out the Language Note on page 63 and refer them to the Grammar Summary on page 66 to check their answers.
Quick grammar guide

Passive constructions exist in many languages but often are not as commonly used as they are in English. A reflexive construction with on active verb is sometimes preferred, with the subject after the verb. not a t the beginning of the sentence.
Common enors and problems

• Students may attempt a reflexive construction which is impossible in English. ,ariF!' IRe B99/@; in Hong Kong. 's fJ'f.R.'99 IRe Be9.1r!; in Hong Kong. ' ~' ts fJ'fjR/e9 IRe Be9/@; in Hong Kong . • A common mistake is to make an active sentence without a subject pronoun. WI9/e her firsl book in Edinburgh. Answers: a No. It isn't important. b millions of fans eWe wanl to focus on "the new Harry Potter story " - this is the important or new information. d several publishers e 1 Someone announced that ... 2 Someone has translated them inlo ... 3 Millions offans weTO eagerly awaiting ... 4 Several publishers turned down ... They are still correct, but 1 and 2 sound odd. In Exercise 4d, ask students to complete the sentences ind ividually, then check in pairs.

5 Speaking skills
Divido students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions.

Unil6

T 63

Words. words, WOfds

c Docs the article answer all of the following questions? Decide which paragraph you can find the answer in when possible. then answer the ques tions.
1 Why did J.K. Rawling write the Potter books? 2 What was her life like before the first book

b Look at these examples from the article and answer the questions.
1 .. . it was announced that J.K. Rowling .. . is

now richer than the Queen of England.
2 They have all been translated into more than

3
4

5
6

was published? Was she immediately successful with her first story? Have the books been more successful in the U.S. or the U.K.? How old was she when the first book was published? Has she profited from all of her books?

20 languages . 3 As the new Harry Potter story was being eagerly awaited by m illions of fans ... 4 The novelist's fi rst attempt was turned down by several publishers ...

d Is the article more positive or negative about Harry Potter and his author? Make a note of the words and phrases that support your answer.

3 Vocabulary: avoiding repetition
'a Read the article again and note all the references to J.K. Rawling.

a Do we know who announced the news in 1, or who translated the books in 2? Is it important? b Who or what does the action in 3, "the new Harry Potter story" or "millions of fans"? c In 3. the agent (millions of fans) is quite important. so why is the passive used? d Who does the action in 4? e Try to put the four sentences above into the active voice. Are they still correct? c Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 66.

aWJ,o, <f Ik fa~ >UJ>ds.. OiW>'Wi•. b Write the words and phrases you have noted in the table.

LANGUAGE NOTE
Remember tllat we make the passive with a form ofthe verb be + past participle: it was announced; they have all been translated. d We can use the passive in most tenses and verb forms. Identify the tense or verb form in the active sentences below and complete the passive sentences.
1 The publishers print the books in Hong Kong.

Adjectives divof1:ed unem ployed

Adjectival

Nouns author

Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels

phrases
38·year-old

(prefe.-.t!;

!'i.mrieJ

c We use synonyms and paraphrases to avoid repetition and help the flow oftexl. Find : 1 three ways the journalist refers to Rawling's occupation. au tho r, novelist , writer 2 four ways he refers to Harry Potter. her character. her creation . the schoolboy magician , hero of the books 3 three ways he refers to the books. fantasy novels, first attempt, four sequels, offshoots

2

3

4 Grammar review: the passive
a Look at the examples of passives. 1--4. Match them with the correct use from the list below. The passive is often used in ... 1 academic works, e.g. science journals: A constant temperature is maintained ... 2 manuals: Ensure that the plug is fitted correctly before ... 3 public notices: Passengers are kindly requested not to smoke. 4 newspapers: Find an example in the headlines in Exercise lb.

4

5

6

The books ... aYe pr-mled m. JWng Kong. Distribution companjes are shipping millions of the new Harry Potter book around the world. present progressive Millions of the new Harry Potter books are being shipped around the world. Several publishers rejected J.K. Rowling's first book. simple past J.K . Rawling's first book was rejected by severa l publisbers. The publisher has announced the launch date for the latest Potter book. present perfect The launch date for the latest Potter book has been announced by the publisher. They should ban the words Harry Potter. should + infinitive The words Harry Potter should be banned . They had made the first book into a fi lm before Rawling wrote the fifth book. past perfect The first book had been made into a film before Rawling wrote the fifth book.

7
~L

We lise the passive when: a the subject of the action is unknown b the subject of the action is unimportant c we want to focus on new information by putting it at the end of the sentence d we want to avoid naming or blaming the subject of an action

5 Speaking skills
In groups , discuss these questions. 1 What books are being fead by kids in your country right now?
2 Make a list of your favorite books when you were

a kid and compare them with your group. 3 Which is your all·time favorite book? Why?
Words, words, words

Unit 6

~

1 Warm up
An urban myth is an often-repeated story. which mayor may not be true, of an unusual and sometimes terrible event that happens to an ordinary person, usually a "friend of a friend", The stories usually have a surprise ending. They are often told when fr iends get together at d inner parties or bars. a The sentences below are taken from Iwo different urban myths. They are taken from the beginning, the midd le, and the end of each story. Put them into the correct order. Story A; 1 Q!J 2 I:m 3!ID Story 8; 1 !g 2 ID 3@

b In grou ps, compare your answers and try to figure out what Lhe two stories are about . Use the questions to help you. 1 Who arc the characters in the story? 2 Where does the story take place? 3 When do the events take place? (morning/evening? present/ past?) 4 Is the story a funn y one, a thriller. a mystery. a crime story? 5 Docs it have a "happy ending"? Wo will como back to these stories at the end of the lesson.

~

~

~

~

~

USEFUL LANGUAGE
Thi.~ must be from ... This could be the first one.

I ~ r-A------le--n-C;C,-e-e--'vCi-hCVCiCI-g-e--'v-o-k-e-u p-o-n~e=," ==i=g =to=fi=n=d==h=a=t====~------------------------------'-' co up i n c- l a -- ==o=nn n = = t
someone had stolen their car.

®

They later found that the thief had used their car for a robber y on the very day it had disappeared.

r--

~----~=====================~------~~ @ A friend of mine was d riving along the Massachusetts Highway o ne
evening when he passed a young lady walking along the side of the road.

@

" Yes, the purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed more than 20 years ago in a car accident on the Massachusetts Highway."

®
CD

The note explained the thief had taken the car because he didn't have a car himself and his wife had gone into labor with their first baby.

A couple of days later, he was cleaning his car when he cam e across
a wo man's pursC!=.

Words, WOfds. words

Objectives

Topic: anecdotes and urban myths
Writing
Ustening
Specking
telling an anecdote

Grammar Reading past perfect simple urban legends and progressive, third conditional

an anecdote

on anecdote

••
1 Warm up
Ask students to do Exercise la in pairs. Aftenvards, ask the class which picture goes with which story. Ask students to discuss th e stories in groups o f four, using the questions in Exercise lb. Monitor the discussion. but don't reveal any stories at this stage.

Words, words, WOfds

T 64

Unil 6

no. you see. you know. big house. right well. thanks. il was a note explaining thaI the thief hod taken the cor because he didn't hove a cor himself. Trevor Oh. I bet. the crook hod robbed their entire house of its conleots. Rob. Oh. Trevor A note? '9~------------------------------------------------------. Rob So they reporled Ihe theft 10 the police. I don" think I've heard that one. And? Rob Well. Rob Well. The couple was delighted. ITrack 28 features three excerpts of muSic. . Elidt wa ys of completing the sentence in Exercise 5b and write good sentences on the board. words. 4 Feedback Put students in pairs to tell their stories. Mmm. Rob So. Then continue this procedure for the second and third pieces of music. they hodn'r put it in the gorage. ask students to listen to the story on the audio and check their predictions. you know... yeah . you see. words . gorage.lOne You must hove heard it. great. . Have you heard Ihe one about the couple whose cor was stolen and. they went to Ihe show and when they got home offer it. they found thai while they hod been out enjoying their Broadway musical. to $Offen the blow.t 2 Task Go over the instructions for the task carefully with the class. Ask students to write their stories from their notes and then exchange stories with another student to read. they later found that the thief hod used their car fOf a robbery on the very day it hod disoppeared! Unit 6 T 6S Words. After the first piece.. anyway. Trevor Incredible! Rob Well. uh . I love these urban mythsl Trevor Go on. hove another drink. Rob Oh. Shira I bet. Ask students to copy and complete the table in their notebooks. Rob Hong on. and one morning they wake up to find thol someone hod stolen their cor. Rob Great. and . Play the audio for Exercise 2. and think of images. Jane Go on.... gone into Iobor with their first baby.. Echo questions/repetition Their car was stolen? But you said they Of course. rhey'd parked it outside rhe house the night belOfe. Shira But you soid they hod a goroge . Here. pour me anather gloss of wine and I'll tell you. good jobs. 7 Follow up Ask students to read the second urban myth all page 147 ofthe Student's Book and check their predictions. there was Ihis couple in Greenwich Villoge.. yeah . Trevor No. to make Ihings WOfSE!. ond . I've heard it so many times! Shira Oh. 3 Prepare Ask students to follow the guidelines to develop their story. they would still have their possessions. pause the recording and tel] students to write notes to build up the story... Answers Interjections Incredible! Oh. Rob Oh. Rob. 1/ the couple hadn't gone to the theater. Oh. Trevor Of course. all righlthen. Ask students to listen to lhe first piece of music. so .. he'd enclosed two tickets for a Broadway show thor weekend. And? A nole?Oh? Simple phraseslwords Go on. 6 Notice ~ Play the audio for exercise 5 again. no. later the some day. Everybody knows it. professionals. Stress the content and also have students support each other in reviewing the grammar and form of their stories. and . outside Rob Yeah. Trevor Oh. Jane Mmm. they got home from work to see the cor bock again. you know. the Vv"Ilole thing. I the house. with a note under the windshield wiper. Shira Their cor was stolen? No. You must have heard it. . Rob.. This Oduolty happened to a friend of a friend of mine . with eyes closed if they like. his wife had. stMra Oh? Rob So he hoped they didn't mind 100 much rhat he'd taken their car without permission.. you know. I don·tthink so. Shira Oh. 5 Compare For Exercise Sa. to make a long $lory short.

you are going to listen the story correct? to three pieces of music. Take If the couple hadn 't gone to IJ1e theater. ~ Think about your story. Interjections Incredible! Echo questions I repetition Their car was stolen? Simple phrases I words Goon. Make any changes you wish . and try not to read word-by-wo rd . . Make any changes you wish to the content or the language. Make notes of any phrases they usc as you Iiston. ask questions. 1 If Tom hadn'l gone to the party. make commonts. Practice being You are going to write a very short story and tell it to a good story-teller and a good listener! other students. 1 The characters: are they young or old? How do they feel? Z Time and place: where does the story take p lace? (city/country? ins ide/o utside?) When does it take place (morning/evening?) 3 Background: what was the weather like? What had th ey been doing before the story began? 4 Ending: you can make the ending a "surprise" in true urban myth tradi tion ! 5 Language narrative tenses: simple past. to check understanding. To Which story is it? Were your predictions about help you develop your story." 5 Compare 3 Years later. to encourage the speaker. 7 Follow up a Read the full version o fth e other story from Exercise l b on page 147. and then. 6 Notice 3 Prepare Look over your notes fo r the three paragraphs. To h elp you. words. to show interest.2 Task 4 Feedback In pairs. he would never have met Pe nclope. as soon as. words . c Give your story to a di fferent partner to read. and write the responses in the table. after a while. hore are the sentences th at begin each of the throe paragraphs of yOW" story. past perfect. Listener: Show you are listening. ~ a Listen to one of the stories from Exercise l a. Each piece goes with each of the three paragraphs.. The music will stop after each p icce to give you time to write. Were your predictions correct? b Go back to the notes on your story and write it up as a complete text of about 150 words. Story-teller: Use your notes to guide you. Which of you wrote the more interesting story? Which had the best English? Words. Rob. As you listen. he looked back: if he hadn't . Now use these guide lines to help you develop you r story. Oh. tell your story to each other. mfHlIlwhile. music and tho images it brings to your mjnd. and so on. Notice the way the listeners res pond to show they are listening. follow the b Complete the sentence. but don '( take notes yet. past perfect progressive connectors: when. 2 They had been going out together for about a year when . using the stories in this lesson to give you ideas. notes to bui ld up your story. finally adjectives: to make your story more vivid ~ Listen to the conversation again.

~ Certain She can't have arrived yet. I suppose She she'd get here S @ must have. and I 8 mustn't ~ have stopped for more than ten rTW1utes all day. who did . We can use the passive in most tenses. minutes. Less certain She might have arrived.. her suitcase.) Mom. is/are + past participle is/are + being + pp was/wete + pp was/wal'"e + being + pp preseot P<esent Fo"" sub. prog<BSSive Simple past The childlBfl are being taught latin Itlis yeaf. may (not). This Is too repetitive to be correct. Note that we do not usa the negative of must or the positive of They mustn't have anMJd yet.rseIves I someone else. The car must be ~ repaired immediately. we call .) Sometimes we want to put new information at the end of the sentence to give it more importance. 2 The books have been awaited for a long time.I" order was ~ prepared YIIher'l I last checked. Kind of writing poet" Writer Kind of writing Writer poet novetist bklgrnphy d. She ~/ can't have gotten caught in traffic. (I ate them but I don't want to admit it. She may have arrived.". the COOkies were eaten while'you and dad were out. words .rket Liz 1 Uniforms must be worn at all times by soldiers on duty.. Our cat was run over by a (). )( She may have affl. haslhave + been + pp had + been + pp modal verb + be + pp He could have arrived. Vocabulary Summary Literature You poor thing! Here. words. but we tend not to use it with the present perfect progressive or past perfect progressive. we intiOOuce it with by: We use must (not) / may (not) I might (oot) / ootid (not) / can't + have to make deductions aboot the past and to tal< about possiJity i"I the past. } The train isn't due for another ten She couldn't have arrived yet. X They can't have anMJd yet.ama movie screenplays new"""". She wanted to buy some wine so she @ ' can have stopped at the superma. Your order rng V . '" 5 My wallet was taken from my jacket pocket yesterday by SOOlI3()I)9':"-' V Yeah.) • When the Answer thes e questi o ns. Ycu k:lOk tied... trough it may be important. Ycu Uz Joe Yeah. @ can't have hoc! a tot. No. What do agent is known but not important: A new Jaw regarding advertising was passed yesterday. 0Ne want to avoid bIarnilg a. (The government passed it but we already know that. I just wish so we can start dinner. Co rrec t those wIth e rro rs.mat was You will be notified in due course.! Past perfect Modal passive A new bridge has been built over the river.somethi"Ig. bklg""".ted. Negative ~ train gets hef"e at 3. might (not).rj1 day. She can have atrived. $he may not have arrived yet. We use the passive to do this.:vas Joe Uz Joe being pnlparlld when I last checked . Joe Uz Joe Have you seen Sara? No. dramatist 2 The passive Use oovet p~y playv-mght hIstorian screenwn journalist histOf)' boo!< • When the agent (subject) of the verb is unknown: Our car was stolen last night. \'Vhen we include the agent.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Deduction and possibility in the past Use • • Sometimes we leave the agent out because we do not want to sa-.r Harry Potter story was eagerly awaited by miIOns of fans. 3 YQI./ Choose the correct modal verbs in this conversation. '--' De cide if these passive sentences are correct or not.• 1 someone who writes for the lheater? playwright 2 someone who writes about the life 01 a famous person? hiogrD plll~r 3 someone who writes about important events in the past? historian 4 someone who writes fictional stories? novelist 5 someone who writes dialogues for the movies? screenwriter Unit 6 Words.' Past The book was being printed last night. It is not always possible to use an active sentence instead of a passive one: Translators have translated all the books. and can't: prog<BSSive P<esent parlee! They must have arrived by now. The letter had been sent before I realized . could (not). 0Ne don't know who stole it.r. The nev.} I haven't seen She may not have arrived yet. Positive She must have arrived. st~1 dark outsicle. Fo"" We form the passive with the verb be and a past participle. The books have been awaited for a ong time.) Newspapers and scientifiC texts frequently use the passive in this way. Tense Simple Form (pp iii past participle) Example Our bills are paid through the bank. . HE!( coat's hanging in the closet.ect + modal verb + have + past participle The modal verbs most often used are must. She was walking. so she 1 must ~ve arrived yet. She !Tight not have arrived yet. I ~~ could have left home before six this morning.30. 4 0cIer teachers are often asked questions by younger teachers. have a drink. The verbs stxm differanllevels of certai'lty. she 3~ may not have.} She could have arrived.

tell your partner about your action plan for Unit 5. there was a scream and then all fell silent. Pamgn. Paragraph 4 Grve backgrOUnd to the story. Cl! ~ >- o --' LJ. ~<J REVIEW Review your action plan. rewrite your story on a clean piece of paper and give it a title. at first simple past unfortunately past perfect characters that are well-developed and believable a range of different tenses. And I'm still visited by the baunting thought that death can come calling at any time. 1 What title would you give to this anecdote? 2 Did you enjoy the story? Why? / Why not? past perfect progressive shivering before reported and d irect speech that summer sea-blue dangerously in the meantime I was a six-year-old living in Hawaii at the time. I'll never forget what happened. a problem..g. It ricocheted off a tree and then bounced off my head.J > LJ. although the truth is I don't recall anything immediately after that unlucky event. Note: you wi ll need to show your final anecdote to your classmates at the 8fId of Unit 7. The next thing I knew I was lying in a hospital bed with my head bandaged up. making opportunities to speak English In pairs. Match the paragraph with the part of the story. 2 Analyzing the organization of a story Read the anecdote again and look at how the writer develops the story. I was walking home from school. writing an interesting story Finish writing your story. 1 have a three-inch scar along my skull to prove it. You probably won't finish it in class but you will be expected to finish it as part of you r action plan.C) i= -:: a z A narrative 1 Looking at what makes a good story What makes a good story? In this lesson you will ook at the techniques involved in making a good story.ph 1 Pamgn. 6 Finally. I took my usual shortcut home . --. 3: o 0. but put the story into paragraphs and make it as clear as possible. Add some more examples if you can. Words. look al the "ingredients of a good story" below and number them in order of importance: 1 == the most important. e. most of which will be past forms two days earlier slowly suddenly as soon as piercing brightly b Compare your answers with the class. even on a beautifully sunny day. solve a puzzle. a story that gets the reader's attention and keeps rt. The two boys bad been playing with a sugar cane knife when onc of them lost hold of it. 4 Write a fi rst draft. You can use the model in Ex8!'cise 2 if you want. that is. words. b End in an interesting way. e. words Unil6 . c Read this story. Ten ses I verb forms past progressive (to set the scene) simple past past perfect past perfect progressi ve reported and direct speech Sequencing expre ssion s meanwhile later that evening . Correct the English and add descriptive language to make it more interesting.ph 3 a Develop the story step by step. 1 heard friendly laughter and I looked up to see two boys playing in the trees. 1 Think of an interesting story that happened to you or someone you know. and wtlat opportunities for speaking EngliSh you have taken.along the beach..J o o o o o o a wide range of appropriate vocabulary and interesting expressions a well·organized narrative that is easy to follow and understand an interesting plot that makes you want to read to the end 3 Analyzing how language is used to make a good story a A writer needs to use variety to make a story come alive. Follow the steps below.PLAN [> Your action ptan. The blow must have knocked me unconscious. Although I remember nothing of the accident. --I--l-. 5 = the least important.c d Intreduce a change in the action to increase interest. a surprise. a In pairs. at first two days earlier as soon as before that summer in the meantime Descriptive tanguage adverbs: sadly adjectives: merciless unfortunately slowl y suddenly piercing brightly shiver ing sea-bl ue dangerous l y b Now find examples of some of the points in the table in the anecdote in Ex8f'Cise 1c. and through the trees. 4 Applying what you have learned You are now going to write a short story of between 150 and 200 words. In pairs. over the fence.ph 2 Pamgn. You can rewrite it as many times as you like. answer the questions. 2 Make a few notes to summarize the main points of the story. II was a beautiful sunny afternoon with not a cloud in the sky.. Suddenly.. S Read you r story. Don't worry about producing perfect English now. Put the types of language in the box into the correct column of the table.g. provide a 'twist: 3 Organize the story into paragraphs.

he's very selfish.. (dating) They bad been dating for four years before they separated. Use the word in parentheses. the lecture bad already started . ..... '--" e Look at these notes made by a police detective at the \. Then look at the theories the detective is formulating and make deductions. he 4 ' U go {gol to it . (might) They migbt have bad more children if they'd been richer. She might have gotten a better grade if she hadn't felt sick on ./ the day of the exam.J I not I too / expensive. (being) Several suspects are being questioned .. I forgot. I think he 6 dad! d Expand these notes to make complete sentences.. . 4 They didn't have more children because they couldn't afford them. 2 If Fran I get I marry I to John. or going to + verb. 1 He was wearing a wedd ing ring so he must be married 2 Ho had two passports so he could have dual nationality 3 He was meeting a woman named Paula . 2 The police are questioning several suspects.it's a mess ! 4 Are you doinS (you/ do) anything? Tom Well. Tom Dh.. Tom 11 'm going (go) to a concert on Saturday night. She 1 '. That's my advice.. so I'll buy a new cellphone ifit isn't too expensive. be would be { would have been happy . though? Jean What do you mean? Bob Well . it's Father's Day so I 5 'm going to cook (cook) dinner for my dad in the evening. 5 I I buy I thai apartment / if / I I be I you. (bappy) If he'd remained single. not really. 3 I 'm going to stay (stay) at home and clean my apartment . will/won 't + verb or the first conditional. 'II be (be) a great Jean I don't agree. isn't he? If there 3 is (be) a football game. If the New World had not been discovered. I'd buy that apartment if! were you.soinl to bave (have) the baby in three weeks. Jean I saw TIm and Helen in the street. Bob Fantastic! Do you think TIm 2 will make (make) a good father. 5 They separated after four years of dating. they would Jive in Australia" .a Complete this conversation using the simple present or present progressive tense. native civilization wouldn't have been destroyed. Any plans for Sunday? Rita No. 3 Marriage made him unhappy..she might be his girlfriend 4 He still had a lot of money so the motive for the shooting couldn't be theftlmoneylsreed 5 He still had tho tickets for the game so he couldn't have 80ne to the game c Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. right. 4 I havo somo spare money. 3 She / might / got I bellor grade I if I not I feel sick I all 1. Do you want to come? Rita I'd love to but 2 I teach (teach) my salsa class every Saturday night. Why don't you join us? Rita In the evening? Thanks. (already) When we arrived at the auditorium. b Complete this conversation using going to + verb./ scene of a murder in New York.. I they I live I Australia. [have some spare money. Helen's huge now.. so II buy I new cell phone I if \.. 1 If the New World / not I discover I native civilization I not "--" I destroy. If Fran got married to John. 1 The lecture started at 9:00 and we arrived at 9:15. '--" but l ean 't soe that happening. I'd love to. Ho 5 won't want (not want) to sit at home and take care of the baby.

Martha c. out together for years Martha and Miko had ~eoll gOI~I~ e they decided to live and after they both fi mshe: co \gengagod but Mike together. eggs. M. being taught/are taught 5 The new skyscraper should have completed by next summer. a dishwasher 5 I'm out of the house a lot and people complain they can never reach me.. Claude Lomax in 1906. Over mother temalDed 1 . wheal) that help food pass through your body I!l a substance in foods such as meat. 'Iegetables.aJ the years they had 3 "ke another sister to I ht that sho was 1 sometimes I. or grains (com . which we need for good health lID phrases fro m the box.' rcmarfl'ed and Mike noW ha close frien ds . screen novel play poetry biography I h What do the speakers need? Choose an objcct from the box.~ Martha thai Mike was O along well and she explilmo ' r ' ed marriage. a fiber b fat c carbohydrates d minerals e vitamins f protein 1 2 3 4 5 found in food like bread and potatoes and gives your body heat and energy @) fowld in food li ke oil and butler and gives you energy but is fil llening I!il the parts of fruit. but Mike's family liked the idea of marriage I different. Co rrect the mistakes. are spoken 4 Children are teaching Greek in tenth grade.!2. There is one extra item. an alarm dock 4 We keep arguing about who's going to do the dishes after dinner. 1 The worl d's first cell phone virus has invented by hackers.le O arent but hi~ dad . an answering machine .a a:~~idS. So did he want 4 fI 5 mother-in-Ia'!. Martha Bnd her ~utu. sticky notes a hole puncher an alarm clock an ironing board correction fluid a dishwasher an armchair a paper clip an answering machine a food processor a washing machine 1 Do you have anyth ing I can hold these pieces of paper together with? a paper dip 2 I've made a couple of mistakes on this application form. got Luckily. d th 2 stepslSters . correction Ouid 3 I can't wake up in the morn ing and I'm always lale for work. was 2 These shoes !!. 1\'10 years later t oy go. have been completed g Read this story a nd comillele it with the words or Match tho words with the a ppropri ate definition. His mom and background was compl~te ~ he was just a baby. become close fr iond s mother-i n-law a single parent fr iendsh ip stepsisters . 1 can'. \Qug r 'endshi\! or marriage? Mike. and milk that makes you strong Rnd healthy I!l natural substances in foods like iron and calcium. f his parents 81 scared because 0 d M'ke got milrried. His dad had gott~n di'lO~:in.r There is a 8rammatica l mistake in each of these sentences. designed by the famous French designer. send it like this. e was tile correct wasn't really sure whether ~arn:~raditiOnal family and me slep for him. were 3 Native American languages speak more widely than Spanish in Bolivia.~Ul becOme rea . Happily. two years liltor Marlha an 1 Complete the text with a form of the words in the box.

fempered and can suddenly "fly off the handle".1 Vocabulary: the face a Match the faces with these descriptions. bony face D 3 large. 4 .. There are certain fealures thot tend 10 indicate personality types. They generally don't like sporls. faces fall into certain types. This type has a GLOSSARY untrustworthy not copablo of being trusted fly ofT the handle become angry very quickly lacking without something. Use these words and phrases. to team sports. tends to be small. Many movie directors and other artists tend to belong to this type. Nevertheless. so they tend to be bod. types.~c:ondepressed. ernie at lotic intelligent/ not very smart SOCIable/a loncr b Read the articlc and check your answers. thin noses are often loners and workaholics. these types can react spontaneously without thinking about the consequences. I h lve aca. optimistic. they tend to have a low forehead. This type has a large head and a wide.a article on tho right is about face reading. In p8i~S. 58 Unil7 Body language . discuss these features. This athletic type tends to be of medium height with brood shoulders. bony lace. They prefer individual sports.~t ~~~:~~~~. such as the four below: 1. This type hos a small head and small facial features. such as heavy eyelids indicating on introveft. People with Ioog. They are active and enjoy physical work in the open air.ct· d . they p::>inl more often to someone who i uIC'1 in In According 10 face-reading specialists. The nose is often flat and the chin is prominent. Although by no means locking in intelligence. Their personality is oo. angular face with thin lips. someone who keeps their feelings 10 themselves. cheerful demanding honest outgoing predictable slow-wittecl ~. 1 wide. These people are basically introverts: they tend to be quiet. Face reading has a long hislofy and even IOdoy people ore surprised by ils accuracy. round face. ox~rovortcd/introverted optimistidpessimistic qUIet/confident calmlbad-tempcred lazy/. angular face A 4 small head and small facial features 8 b Complete the labels 011 the faces with these phrases. full lips a weak chi n close-set eyes thin lips a high forohand bushy eyebrows 0 person's character from their faciol characteristics. They tend to be loners.·m"lIlIv they're extroverted. round face C 2 long. small ears and a small nose. usually square-shaped. such as boxing and weightlifting. Some people believe we con judge bushy eyebrows thin lips prominent chin low forehoad heavy eyelids small nose full lips small ears close-set eyes c Can facial features lell you anything about a person? In pairs. c Find personality adjectives in the article that have the opposite meaning to these.. having none of someth ing a long. Match each description with one of the faces then compare your answers in groups. cha nge suddenly tl} 2. they can be emotionally ~ble. and while many people 05SOCiale dase-set eyes with a ntrustwort rson. fSliy-. They tend to have a lorge. 3. 2 Reading skills a Th. tr~ to describe the characters of the people In Exorcise 1 from their faces.

you may need to check the meaning of the adjectives by miming and showing. then check in pairs.. Ask students to match the words in Exercise 2c with opposites in the text.n exercise 1. Remind students 10 check the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. etc. (For example. Go through the answers as a class. As a whole class. [n Exercise l b. Ask students 10 do Exercise 1a in pairs. •• In Exercise 2b. Ask How can you describe this person's face in deloil? What con you say about this person's personality? Do you think you can make guesses about someone's personality from their face? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: the face Bri efly pre-teach the paris of the fac e by pointing to parts of your face and asking W}lQrs this? You/' chin. ask students to match the descriptions to the faces and check in groups. Elicit a few ideas from different pairs at the end.) Ask students to discuss the features in Exercise 1c in pairs. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into pairs to make predictions aboutlhe people i. Body language T 70 Unit7 . Ask a few pairs how they have described the people. push out your chin to show "prominent" chin . Objectives Vocabulary the face Topic: face-reading Reading a psychology article Writing a detailed description Speaking describing people's faces of a face Put on the board a large magazine picture of 0 person's face. ask students to lahelthe paris of the faces at the lop of the page. using the descriptive adjectives in Exercise 2a.

square-shaped eyes large. Note Handle Ihis activity with sensitivity. angular. 7 ears 3 looks intelligent. Make sum students have finished their descriptions before going on to Exercise 4d . 3 eyebrows. 2 eyes. Ask students in groups to describe the faces of the famous people in Exercise 3h and decide what they arc like. and find the picture. plump. round. slightly wrinkled : hair is receding. Tell students they have seven minutes. small. fairly In Exercise 4c. they have to decide whose face in the group matches which description in the text. Give the groups five minutes to discuss. bony. and match it to a face. Coiled the magazine pictures and stick them on the walls around the classroom. elc. wide. slightly hooked wido.) on each pidure. wrinkled nose large. wide. Additional actMty Bring in a pile of "faceso cut from mogozines. Suggested a nswers: oval. ask them to write their description. dose-set. small. If you feel any students might be uncomfOrloble tolking about their appeorance. bushy eyelids wrinkled. raised. laughter lines 4 very. pointed. flat. Then ask them to work in pairs or small groups 10 complete the lablo. thin. Students have 10 read their descriptions aloud while their partners look at page 147 and identify the face being described. Collect all the descriptions. etc. Write a number Il. Divide the class into pairs. Let students check in pairs. check answers with the class while you build up a class lable on the board. Then ask ono perSOIl from each group to stand up and describe one of the famous people to the class. 6 jaw/chin. Which pair can match the most descriptions to pictures in that lime? Unit 7 T 71 Body language . light blue. th ick. 2. and write a letter IA. slightly. bloodshot. narrow mouth lips fu ll . 3. then briefly elicit answers from the whole class. long. small. 2 1 fo rehead. In Exercise 3a. long face Ask studonts to read and analyze the texl in exercise 3c by answering the questions in Exercise 4b. deep-sel. Encourage students to try oul phrases from the Useful Language box. poi nted. 4 nose. B. C. Answers: 1 The first sentence describes the fa ce and general appearance because it is best to start with a general description before moving to spocifics. large. Afterwards. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks.3 Speaking ski lls Ask students to work in small groups. monitoring and helping with idoas and vocabulary. long. friendly. quite. low. aftor students have selected their identikit picture from pago 147. narrow. heavy-lidded eyebrows thin. Then lei the individual concerned decide whether the description matches hisfhor personality. read it. high. and give each pair a magazine °foce: Ask them to work together to write a description of the foce.) at the lop of each one as you collect them. thin ears sticking-out. then skip exercise 3a and move straight on to exercise 3b. 5 mouth/ lips. heavy forehead broad. Move around the class. Ask students to read the description in Exercise 3c. wide-set. Put the descriptions in a pile on your desk and ask the pairs to pick up a description.

c Now read this description of a famous person and match it with one of the faces. wide. His/Her mouth is wide.3 Speaking ski lls a Look carefully at your classmates. pointed. thin. pointed. USEFUL LANGUAGE Do YOII think / Would you say thai you 're shy? How would you describe yourself? Do you think the descriptions ore accurate? b Look at the faces of famous people below. Mel Gibson Nose Mouth Lips Ean. and the chin is quite prominent. 2. Write a careful description of the face. friendly. The hair is receding a little from the forehead. giving as much detail as you can . His/Her large. which is slightly wrinkled. Student B: Look at page 147 and identify the "face" that A describes. with fairly thin lips. thick. He/She has a wide high forehead. This person has a long. light blue eyes are wide-set and quite heavylidded. Student A: Read your description to B. Body language Unit? . and are low over the eyes. broad. narrow. e. deep-set. Discuss what the faces say about their characters. and slightly hooked at the end . 1 What docs the first sentence describe? Why? Z Number the parts of the face in the order of the description: nose ears eyebrows forehead jaw/chin mouth/lips eyes 3 What other details about the face does the description give? 4 Which words does the writer use to modify the adjectives. First. You will need to identify Uuee parts of the face.g. very? c You have witnessed a crime and you need to describe the offender to the police. and looks intelligent. raised. He/She has quite long ears and has laughter lines at the corners of the eyes and between the nose and mouth. The person's nose is long. bloodshot. 4 Writing ski lls a Complete this table with words and phrases from the lesson. e Now swap roles and repeat Exercise 4d. d [n pairs. look at the description in Exercise 3c and answer Ute questions. Write as many ways of describing a face as you can. How many examples of the faces described in the article can you find? Are the descriptions accurate? Check with your classmates. b You are going to write a very detailed description of a face. sticking-out. plump. see how good your description is. Turn to page 147 and choose the parts to make a face from the " identikit pictures". full . large. Face Eyes Eyebrows Eyelids Forehead oval. large. ilnd 3. The eyebrows are very thick and bushy. wrinkled. The jaw and chin are strong. one each from groups 1. angular face.

He/She looks like + noun phrase: He looks like a boss / an authoritalive person. Which one(s) would you like to meet? b List the reasons why you chose the perso n/people and discuss them with another pair. She seemed sure oj the facts. c Do you agree or disagree with the statements in Exercise 3b? Why? / Why not? 1 Uni17 Body language . Listen again to check if necessary. LANGUAGE NOTE The verb look describes only appearance. He looks velY pleasallt. but not after look: They seemed to be interested in the house. 3 Peop le use clothes to give an image of themselves. 5 One of the most important things in forming opinions is gesture." c "I'm so nervous. We can use to be after seem. She seems authoritative." c "Everything's okay!" 5 a "I don't know what to say. " b "I really don't care." b "I'm feeli ng great. 2 There is a danger of stereotyping people but first impressions are often correct. look at the pictures of people." 3 a "Out of my way!" b "You're in trouble!" c "I'm terrified! " 4 a "I don't have any money!" b "I hate this place." c "That's great!" Listen to a body language expert ta lking about first impressions and check the aspects of a person's appearance that the expert mentions.~ confident. 3 Listening skills c What do you think each person might be saying or thinking? Choose the best answer then discuss it with a partner. etc." b "The interviewer looks sick. We ljke Persall 2 most. but seem can describo behavior. We often make up our minds about people on the basis of first impressions. USEFUL lANGUAGE He/She looks/seems + adjective: She seem. build I!:j' height !1 color I!:j' clothes character 0 posture 1!1 face 1!1 eyes 0 hair 0 expression ~ gestures voice 0 1!1 i!1 b Complete these notes about fi rst impressions. voice. aggressive arrogant authori tative bored confident conten t easy-going edgy indifferent nervous relaxed superior threatening vain ® - 2 Speaking skills a In pairs. 1 a " I don't like this." b " I can't wait to get away. but she looks like a warm kind af persan.Body talk 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Look at the pictures of the six people." c ''I'm tired." 6 a "I really don't know." 2 a "r know they respect me. 4 The face is importan t but expression is more important . Choose adjectives to describe each one." c "I hate giving presentations.

or even thai th€. arms above their head th€'{re feeling grootl Similarly. but if that person is miserable and frowning. The mare we extend and stretch ourselves. there is a danger of st€!'ootyping people although you'd be amazed at haw often first impressions are correc1. how loll they are. standing upright but relaxed with your hands 00 your hips gives a sense of being in control and authoritative. ou'thorifalive. Ask students 10 work in pairs 10 complete the notes in Exercise 3b.{re nervous. 6a Play the audio agai n. Then put students in pairs to think which words describe the other people. - Body language T 72 Unit7 . re'/axed. Take stroking your chin . you know. despite the person's beauty.you know . con'tent in'different. 4c. especiOlly if the person is also pointing aggressively . However. How imporlant is that? B £x!remely imporlanl. Elicit descriptions from the class.Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing Pronunciation intonation of feeling Ustening interview with an expert Speaking making inferences linkers expressing contrast personality about character Slar1lhe lesson by checking the meaning and pronunciation of the adjectives in exercise 1. Answers: Students' answers may vary. How great a pori does it play in forming opinions about peop!e? B WeD. You may need to play the audio agai n. a classic example of a gesture we hove to be careful with is the "0" sign. people may choose to give a different image of themselves. ~ suggests they think someone is siCk. [The stress is on the first syllable of all the words listed. their color. so someone in smarl business clothes is likely to be authoritative. of caurse. On the other hand. of course thars imporlant. R ead the adjectives aloud modeling the correct stress. A Isnl that a bi! dangerous? I mean. but rt can also moon the figure zero. A You mentioned clothes . we form opinions about people on !he basis of first impressions. su'perior. A Now. ~ A Fran Mast€!'s. the following are likely: 1b 3 a or b 5 all 3 are possible 2 a ll 3 arc possible 4c 6 a or b 3 Listening ski lls Play the audio for Exercise 3a . The first thing we notice about people.~ means trouble! A I see. ag'gressive. Ask students to check the boxes for Exercise 3a. Another example is the shrug . when we storied talking. But of course.how important are they? B Th€. ~ ~ 30'' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------.raising both shoulders. I remember sitting next to someone on a plane who was dressed in black and she looked pretty somber.think of someone sitting with their legs extended. How imperlant is thot? B I think gesture is one of the most imporlant things in forming our opinion of peopie and responding to them . the expression will create a great€!' impresslon. except for the following. their clothes. ~ depends on your definition of body language. which corry stress on the se<:ond syllable. Finally. Answers: According to the body language expert. Ask students in pairs to discuss Ule best answer in Exerc ise 2c .their build. and we often make up our minds. but expression is more imperlanl.and irs so variable from country to country.J Check understanding with questions like: Introduce the topic How can you describe someone who is always shouting of people? (aggressive1 How can you describe someone who thinks he or she is better than otherS? (arrogantl 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Ask students to look at picture 1. Howev€!'. the following are the best answers from 2e: 1b. the more content and relaxed we are . I think of rt as being everything about our appeorance. What about the face in oil lhis? B Well. in some countries it is extremely rude! Sa you can imagine Ihe impresslon that might gwe . the way we carry ourselves. A Okay. so we do hove to be careful. she was roolly talkative and funny.for us it terlds to mean that the person is thinking. how about posture. Do Ihe first as ao example. 3b. In most countries rt moons "Everything'Sfine". you don't gwe people a chance! B Well. You can be ottracted to a beautiful face. is their physical appearance . Elicit adjectives from tile box to describe the woman.. but for some nationalities. However. you're an expert on gesture. you've done a lot of work on the Imporlance of body language. imogine someone standing with their legs aporl and leaning forward . Put students in small grou ps to discuss tbe statements in Exercise 3e. Husually means "I don't know: Finally.{re imporlant because they're the first impression we get of how people choose to present themselves. 2 Speaking skills Point out the Usefu l Language and Language Note boxes before asking students to choose and describe the person they would like to meet in Exercise 2a . formed by the thumb ond forefing€!'. Ask students 10 listen and check their answers to exercise 2c. 5c (but b in some cultures). in which case ~ ploys a huge perl in forming opinions. 2a.that can be very threatening.

etc. Can Ilhink aboul it 0 liltle bit? I'm sorry.. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Give students time to practice their dialogues. With the correct intonation. Addffional activity Ploy this papular intonation game. 2 3 4 5 6 Now. .. When I first met he/she seemed . End this Pllrt of the lesson by putting students in pairs to practice speaking with feeling. I can't wait for the interviC'N to be over. Then ask a few pairs to oct out their dialogues for the closs. {however.. neverlheles$ or prepositions or prepositional phrases lin spite of. he/she . he/she__ Although he/she~ he/she_. Tone range in English is very wide. this is great. I'm not really sure. using longuoge from the lesson.4 Grammar: lin kers expressing contras t After asking students to underline the linkers in the examples in Exercise 4a. Each type follows different form rules. Ask students to match statements to pictures. . this is great. elicit rules from them. Read through the Grammar Summary on page 78 with students before asking them to complete the sentences in Exercise 4b. despite!. just listen. just listen. or connectors. Help students prepare to speak about mistaken first impressions by writing some sentence starters on the board.. but I think we need to talk about your lost essoy_ This is wonderful . Pause after each statement and ask the class to repeat. Unit 7 T 73 Body language . can toke several forms: they can be subordinoting conjunctions fa/though. Quick grammar guide: linkers Contrast linkers. and there's my new boyfriend. I went to the party. End this part of the lesson by getting students to ta lk in groups about mistaken first impressions in Exercise 4d. 'Nhich con be difficult for students to remember.).. Then ask one or two individuals to repeat. Ask students to match statements to feelings. 322'-. Common problems and 8ITOfS Students often translate directly from their own language and confuse the form rules. Students tend to forgel of in in spite of. Mmm .. This is wonderful. Encourage students to exaggerate when they mimic the strong intonation potterns of the speakers. Ask students to choose the correct linker in Exercise 4c and check with a partner. adverbs. angry!. I'm sorry... Play the audio again for Exercise 5h. the chair is so comfortable ond reloxing. the stronger the emotion (enthusiastic.. Write the following words in a list on the board: No Movies Yes Oh Homework Tonight Why not When Parents Tell students in pairs that they con put the words (but only these wordsl in any order to make a dialogue. using the expressions in Exercise 5d.--. BosKally. when I got to know him/her. At first. You say thot og<lin ond you1t be SOfry! Mmm .. the more extreme the intonation pottern is going to be.. so irs Important to get students to exaggerate the wa>f the expressions are soid when they imitate the recording. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. I went out iR spile R'W headoche. the dialogues can be very funny...ite IRQ!! I~Q!j tired. This is awful. This is owful . later _ _ it altematM> 5 Pronunciation : intonation of feeling Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Intonation is the 'music' of a language -the way the tone of our voice is used to express emotion and carry meaning. I'm not really sure. However. I 2 3 q 5 6 Now.. lJesf.

despite the person's beauty. . Can J think about it a little although/even thoughlthough he arrived at the bit ? 6 interview an hour late! 5 I'm sorry. theiT chi ldren. 3 Student A: Say any of the short expressions below with one of the feelings in Exercise 5b. 6 This is wonderf ul .4 4 Grammar: linkers ex pressing contrast a Read the examples from the interview and underline the linkers thai express contrast. and there's my new but even though in spite of boyfriend.. a) serious l[) bl enthusiastic III cl relaxed f!) 1 ~ I Despite I thought she was going to be dl ansry [) eJ uncertain 11) 0 miserable lit a very boring person. ~ b Listen aga in and match the statements with these feelings. talk about the situat ion and contrast your first impressions with your final impreSSions... However. followed 5 PronunCIatIon : mtonati on of feehng by noun or . joins two clauses. 5 1 Mark proved to be very reliable 4 I'm /J o t really sure.. the chair is so 3 Mark arrived an hour late for his interview. .. separatt. Body Ionguoge Unit7 .. I can't wait for the interview to be over.. Expressions 6 Somo paronts can be vory strict and fonnal with I really don '/ k no w. 2 his laic arrival for the interview. impression. . he statement. 1 nevertheless though 3 This is o wf ul . when judging a person.'ti by a comma ~ a Listen to six statements and match them with the b Complete each sentence below with as many people in the pictures. Read the notes in the Grammar 1 No w. Use the linkers fro m the be sorry! 3 examples and these: 2 Mm m . 4 HoweverlNeverthelcss . sho looked rather somber. she was rea lly chatty and fun ny. in fac t she was a lot of fun to_be with. ~ c Listen and repeat the first few words of each 2 €Spite EJ I However his serious appearance. 4 Student 8 : Listen and say which feeli ng A is ex pressing. practice speaking with feeling. followed by a comma 3 . let's go. this is great.. 5 We try to mako everyone welcome ·n spite 0 Then SWAP ro les. he proved to be very reliable. c Choose the correct linker in these sentences. but I think we need to talk about 2 Mark proved to be very reliable despitelin spite of your last essay. Even though I€ verthele-mthey Really. Try to remember an example and make notes... separated by a comma 2 .. just listen.ing. You say that again and you'll Summary on pago 76 fi rst. In groups. comfortable and relaxing.. the expression will create the greater • . d In pairs. even though fin ding some people very u lendly. Try to copy tho feelings. precedes second sentence after a period . linkers as possible. 1 There is a danger of stereotyping people. How are YOII ? And what 's next ? d Most of us have made a mistake at some point Come on. although you'd be amazed at how often firs t impressions are correct. love their children as much as less !onnal parents. .

discuss your responses to the statements in Exercise l c.. Unit7 Body language . to receiving.ing verb a Look at the statements in Exercise 1c and underline tbe -ing verbs. decide if they are honest people. J disagree with cheating. Write them next to these rules for using -ing verbs. H. 4 I really enjoy _ _ on the weekend in the winter. then add up your score and read the analysis on page 149. copying 3 after prepositions: by ty:.. b Read about the people and check how good a judge of character you are! the U S d ' h nes and murders in Clyd~ Barr~:9 t e ) 930s with her paOner Americon. We use the . or er. who murdered al~:s~os. 6 I've always hated people _ _ when they're not my parents or my boss. I'd try to get a jab & ve saved money !. I don't think reading other people's e-mails is serious when you share a computer with them because they know it might happen. the e-malls intended fo other pe .eaYI:I1. Number 3 is Uich Ram' also known as Corlos th lrex Sanchez. I said "agree" for Number 1 because I reod my husband's e-m ail. !eavinj" Out informatIon from WoUldn't admtt Your income tal( f nOrmal _ orm Is !!" receivf~ too mUch everYOne money from does it. exaggerating 2 as the object of the sentence and after some verbs: ~ng. on publJc resume.J not sure:: 1 disagree:: I d'sagree strongly:: 0 ) ' enjoy. USEFUL LANGUAGE about Jews. about my inthepasth qua. in Venezuela and Was li~k~~ol. who Number 2 is Aileen W seYen men .::!ake extra vacation is dishonest.07uO's \l Number 4 is Jose h G b propaganda minister i~ N ~ bels.Hlcations on m traveli"J'. I don·t think COPr'ng my classmates' Work for aSSignments .. a story to make It more Interesting ISn't dishonest. an She Was executed in 2002 Number 1 is Bonnie P k committed bank rabbe .ng. terrorist activities in Europe in the ol'9. b Complete these sentences with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other words necessary.Dishonesty 1 Speaking skills a Are you a good judge of character? Wo uld you trust these people? In pairs.readin&. Telling lies can be serious. a Cash machine. 5 _ _ is not very good for you if you suffer from high cholesterol. honest are YOUl How 2 5' 3 6" 4 7 8 J think / J believe stealing is wrong. ~aggeratln.ing verb: 1 as the subject of the sentence: t. e propaganda c How honest are you? Decide whether you agree or disagree with the statements below..s. by calling. Give reasons for your response. 1 I'm not interested in wasting time _ _ .e was born and 80s. 3 I would never admit to _ _ to my boss or my teacher. Hitler's master of the · big lie" _ th aZI Germany and 2 Grammar: the . Then compare your answers with a partner. c In pairs. 2 is the best form of exercise for allaround fi tness . agree strongly:: 4 agree:: . r op e In my family. by traveling.g. y transPOrtation Without a ticket. I Work ~ CaJUI1l n sick now and th en.l!!!&.

end this part by getting students to discuss Ute questionnaire in exercise Ic in pairs. Answers will vary. At the end of the activity. 2 Grammar: the -ing verb Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 2a in pairs before checking the rules as a class. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 2b and then check in pairs.). for political reasons to be executed = to be killed by the state for committing a crime •• Vocabulary check Ask students to do the quiz ill Exercise Ic individually and then chock their answers in pairs or groups. Also. to murder = to kill a person 10 commit a crime/murder/robbery = to "do" a crime a murderer = someone who kills a person a bank robber = someone who takes money from 0 bank a terrorist = someone who kills people using bombs. a nervous smile. point out the Useful Language box. monitoring and noting mistakes made involving Coneclion -ing verbs. Ask students to road the short texts in Exercise lb and check their answers. _bock Body language T 74 Unit 7 . a role-ploy Write on the board: Introduce the 10pic tell the truth tell a lie tell a white lie Ask Are you an honest person? Do you always tell the truth? In what situations should you never lie? In what situations is lying acceptable? 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to briefly discuss the pictures in Exercise la . In Exercise 2c.ing verbs when they speak. As students discuss the questionnaire. go oround the room. Answers will vary. Afterwards. Encourage students to use . etc. write some of these errors on the board ond elicit corrections. You may wish to check students' understanding of the "crime" vocabulary in the text. etc. elicit answers from the class and ask why students thought the people were honest or dishonest Ifor example: He/She lias worlll eyes.Objectives Grammar the -ing verb Topic: being honest or dishonest Reading a short story. o questionnaire Speaking discussing a moral dilemma.

and ask each student in each group to choose one: A local resident 8 social worker C member of local Chamber of Commerce o local doctor When students have selected their role. and then ask them to check their answers with a partner. Ask students to list the opinions of their "character" in note form and add any from exercise 4a . say. Answers: 1 A consultant 2 He felt he was charging a company an exorbitant fee. ask them to look at page 146 and read their role card carefully. Remind students about the Glossary. Unit 7 T 75 Body language . After students complete Exercise 3d.. Presentation altemative Write some useful language on the board to help students with the role-ploy: I think / I believe we should. would be .ti 3 Reading skills Give students a couple of minutes to fead and think about the questions in Exercise 3a. 4 Speaking skills Ask students to read the newspaper extract in Exercise 4a and in pairs make a list of possible opinions. but. Then match one pair with another to form a grou p of four to do the role-play in Exercise 4b. Building . In Exercise 3b. Give a time limit of.a responsibility to earn. 3 He didn't know whether he should be honest and resign or not. 4 He felt a responsibility to his family . have students work individually to find the answers to these questions. Write the roles on the board. Encourage students to discuss their answers with a new partner. Surely it's beller to / important to . ask them to discuss the site. Then put them in small groups to discuss their answers. Answers to Exercise 3c will be individual. ask the class whether the minister's advice was the same as their advice. When the students are ready. I see your point. Monitor and help with vocabulary. eight minutes. Remind students that tbey have to come to a decision about what to do about the site. .

my." H e was on a first assignment with a wcll~kJl ow n consulting firm in New York City. 's The cur r e l' the CItY uild a hostel for a1 is to b ut this propOs . I need someone to talk to. Should I resign and tell the board of the company how I feci? My responsibility to my family disturbs me. addiCts an for the site IS ntn\an . consIdering the moral implications of your decision. Come to a decision about the site. a man knocked on the door of a minister late at night. discuss these questions. 1 How do you think the minister responded to the man's request? 2 What would you have advised the man to do? 3 What do you think the man did in the r end? d To find out how the story ends. {row \oc 6. b met With te d to be a1 residents. Body language Unit . the consultants were to determine the reasons fo r the losses of the comp. " I've been walking up and down the street wondering if I should disturb you. H e said. in the Cl~J e a n'lC eung tY since fir d h as been ern:P 'wl t\\lO \ an the old hoSP1 destroyed _1 residents and \oC<u . increastng\y have become rnptY plot dasthce • conccrne attracting drug has been eleSS people. 4 Speaking skills a Look at the newspaper extract. I am convinced that we are charging this company a n exorbitant fcc far beyond its power to absorb and far beyond the proper charge for the services we arc rendering. In pairs. For a fcc of $25. expec . homeless.3" h ostilitY . evaluating the operating of a fail ing company in Bangor. imagine you are al the meeting. " I worked for months to get this job. d hom . Be honest! 1 When you need someone to talk to. look at the bottom of the page. the notoriOUS The fate of d in the Las \ t onan vacant p o . The . Do I have the right to renounce a good salary and impose hardships on my fa mily until I get another job?" GLOSSARY delermine find oul absorb (here) pay without finding illoo difficult render a service give/offer 8 service b In groups of four. . Maine. g star ts at . going to be di tflCt 1S EstfeUas s '" evening at decided tOIUorro\ '"" hall. ceun . 1 What was the man's job? 2 What was the problem he perceived with h is job? A Moral Dilemma everal years ago in Bangor. " It's just what S 3 What wns his moral dilemma? 4 How did his fa mily affect the moral dilemma? c In pairs." he said. though it's easy to see many faults in its operation and cite remedies. The rn and all are tomorrow evetUJlg wel corne . discuss what you think might be the opinions of the poople who live near the land. Your teacher will give you roles from p~gc ~4G. answer these questions.000. and to chart a way to profits. yearS ago.3 Reading skills a Before you read. who do you turn to? 2 Would you resign from a job if you had to do something you believed was wrong? 3 Would you resign from Ihal job if you and your family needed the money? II Read tho story on the right and answer the questions below. But. wanted. .

ng and verba.ti°C:t~on. 2 What can yo u guess about their past? He/She m ightlcouJd have .g to one UCLA.l ( what Y ffectiveness is vocal (voice). b Read the ad for a fundraiser..bOut y o xt tune you're on an dra. list the qualities and skills necessary for n tho job advortised.- 1 Warm u p a Read tho toxt below. then answer the questions.. and to help us ra ise the funds necessary to continue our research.~dO :~:t~~e interviewer JIly~. Moreover. 1 What do you th ink the people are like? He's/She's the kind of person who . What can you guess about the people in the pictures? ACCOr ()1D. the "Three Vs"': visaU say) . k eep betWeen tWO llUU tun.~ . Your interpersonal skills will be essential in establishing a rela tionship with potential donors.'~: even gotten to in u before conclusions a.wing the interview room. What would you say about those aspect s? appearance nonverbal communication oyo contact han dshake backgrou nd oducati onallovel commun ication skills confidence voice Candidates will ideally have experience in working for a charity.. people eVal uate one ual (appearance) .\ne ds ro.Rainforest ~Research Rainforest research is looking for experienced fund raisers to ioin our team! We need highly motivated people to raise public awareness of the problems faci ng rainforests today. AbOut 93 another usi. The ideol candidates will be commiHed to ecological and green issues and will be passionate and enthusiastic when dealing with both the public and with other organizations. percent nonverbal COJOlll~k the connection dewrro. rson's co:aununica.::..ke or bres. On the basis of appearance alone. w ho will be able to think of and manage original but successful fundraisi ng projects... the first Of::: the first 30 S~~le when they roe et :~t"View. studY. would you discount any oftha applicants in the pichlres? c L pairs.a. but trai ning will be provided. Unit 7 Body longuoge . W e are looking for people with a creative streak and lots of imaginatio n. He/She looks I looks like . .

Possible list: Appearance: smart casual. perhaps arrogant. smile. making a presentation Write on the boord: A job interview. the post. smiling eyes Handshake: strong.Objectives Grammar Topic: interviews Reading dedudion and possibility in job ods. need to have worked with people: an interest and knowledge of environmental issues Educational level: well-educated but no need to be very intelligent Communication skills: need to be very good Confidence: h igh . arrive on time. Anna is the kind of person who is very quiet at parties. smiling. be enthusiastiC: be positive. Monitor and help with ideas. She may have worked in public relations. Ho might have worked for a high-powered company. 1 Warm up Ask studonts to do Exercise 1a in pairs. finn Background : well-traveled. Ho looks confident.but not overly so (arrogant) Voice: clear. She looks confiden t and easy-going. make eye conlad. wear a suit. She's shy. be polile. Some possible answers ore: licil dress smartly. Ask students to read the ad in Exercise l b and discuss the question . Louise is the lcind of person who likes to be friendly and helpfu l. enthusiastic. Then put students in pairs to list qualities and skills under the headings in Exercise l c. He looks like a movie star. warm. positive •• Bodylonguoge T 76 Unil7 . enthusiastic Non-verbal communication: good posture: confident manner Eye contact: need to be good at making eye contact. As students report their answers to the class . friendly. whol is il importonllo do? Introduce the topic E answers and write a lisl on the boord. e ncourage lots ofspccullllion. She might not have been to a job interview before. Suggested answers: Matthew is tho kind of person who doesn't like people to be late. CVs. the passive interviewers' notes Ustening an interview ponel Speaking assessing candidates. Ask If you wont 10 make 0 good impression of a job interview. prepare what you won/lo say.

ask them to sit a circle of five . Ask students to refer back to tho list they made in exercise l e. and make notes. we'd better look at the three candidates hove hod some personal problems or B Yeah. eye contact was bad. relevant. When eliciting answers from the class. Go around the class. B No. Ask the chairperson of each group to prescnt their ideas to the other group. Ihe ""..nico smile. I didn't think she was 100 confident. Okay. he did. degree is right Matthew likes a challengo. 6 Follow up Before dividing the class into groups of fi ve for Exercise 6a. financ ial planning. at first I lhought louise would hove beerl ideal buI she locks a key skiI. Her interpersoool skills orenl really good enough.rtywaoJ. I think we should get her bock for a SC(ond interview. and irs what we need. and that kind of thing.she must hove done exactly whot we wonl in the Greenpeoce iOb .2 Task Divide students into groups of four to read the infonnation. well he sold he likes a challenge . she kept looking over my shoulder.her 0 eye conlOO wos bod. ~'-----------------~----~~--------------------------------------. too.. not excited about the job Elicit answers from the class before asking students for their own opinion. though her degree is exoctly right. Wei. r r Unil7 T 77 Body language . sending her on a course should help. B True. I thought at first he seemed a bit indifferent. Encourage the interviewers to be diplomatic in what thoy say. but then he improved during the interview. She's got a very pIecsont manner . Okay. Answer: They offer Matthew a job and ask Louise to come back for a second in terview.she WOSfi't really right fOI' '"""'" ""'. Do you? A Yes. good eye cootOCf. Subdivide the groups and allow the two interviewers and three interviewees five minutes to prepare. Ncm. good experience in fundroising and managing money . discuss i t. although Anna hod the key experience and skills. Ask students to copy the table in Exercise sb into their notebooks.. A A liII1e 100 confident. helping with vocabulary and ideas. Ask students to listen and note the outcome. let's go and tell them the news . NIaIIhew . Have students listen and make notes. /Jo. look. 3 Prepare Ask students to remain in the same small groups and follow the instructions to propare for the group presentation. she didn't wont 10 tell us. would be good at the personal side of the job. I do. on those . good eye contact. with tho interviewers faci ng the candidates. I thought 01first that her theater we've interviewed today. she lacks a key skill. make sure students understand that debriefing means finding out information about a past action or event..tlen we talked oboullhe travel potef1lial. she should learn that in a couple of weeks. I dOll't think we can management experieoce may hove been B Yes. Play the audio again. buI it isn1 really. finonciol planning. possible personal problems at first seemed a bit indi fferent. A No. B Mmm. Rnonciol planning is key! We hove 10 hove someone who coo do thot! A Well. kept looking over my shoulder. B Me. il ~ 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. A Yes. maybe? qualifications not exactly relevant Against Greenpeace job more office work than this job. liked travel potential Louise pleasant manner . End the lesson by discussing the questions in Exercise 6b . she really needs 1 wort. 4 Feedback Pair up groups. find out which candidates students would recommend and why. She'd be good at the personal side of the job. who! did yoo think of Anno? ""'good' A Well. A So. B No . something. you know. let's do thot. gel 0 better ideo of how QUickiy she might pick up the financial side. Answers: For Anna experience in fundra ising and managing money. and tho! ki'ld of thing.so he might hove thought at first tho! the job didn't offer enough challenges. A I agree. if we send her on a training course. She might I liked him. I think we should offer him one of the jobs. Start the role-play. the Greenpeoce job mUSl hove involved more office work thon our job. thors one job filled. not excited obout the job. interpersonal skills aren't really good enough. When students are ready.and he must hove hod plenty of those in advertising . Well. in Exercise 5c. usually by questioning someone thoroughly.. Go around monitoring and noting any mistakes for later discussion. maybe? And her Quolificalioos oren1 exactly relevant. TeU the interviewers to briefly list the points they wish to make to each candidate. theater management experience not relevant: a little too confi dent . He gol more interesled v. B Yes. on interesting guy. I think thars her manner. I wonder why she hod those two years out from 2000 to 2002. and from whol Anno said. A Good ideo. Now.nice smile.

Harden BiochemiCals Research assIstant . . Anna Matthew Louise Fo. Candidates: Talk 10 each olber about how the interview went fo r you. Interviewers: Prepare your feedback for each candidate. listen and offer advice afterwards. Work in groups of five and take these roles: the two interviewers.2002 2003-2004 Work experience 2004-2006 Qualifications I~& ~~ ~ in Media Studies . re Louise Jj. f Maryland (Environmental UniversIty 0 Studies) . read the information above and make notes about each candidate.1998 1998-200 0 work 2002. discuss these questions. Then Iislen to their presentation. Do you agree with their recommendations? Can you add anything? 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people discussing the candidates after the interviews.2006 xperie nce : '- . by skill.Matthew Candidate information Anna 'ucation 1995. In groups. What is tho outcome of their discussion? ~ b Listen again and note the points made for and against each candidate. etc?) 2 What language will you need to compare the candidates? 3 What are your final recommendations? (Remember. b In the whole class. then give the resu lt of the interview to each candidate in tum and tell them why they got I didn 't get the job. Anna. 1 How did you feel about tho debriefing meeting? Z After the debriefing meeting. Matthew. Lyric Theater 4 Feedback Present your analysis and recommendations to another group. would you change any of the decisions? Body language Unit 7 . a You are going to hold the debriefi ng meetings with the three candidates. and Louise. prepare a three·minute presentation of your recommendations 10 presenl 10 other groups. Would you recommend each one or not? 3 Prepare In your groups.) 4 Appoint a chairperson to take notes for the presentation. there is more than one job. Aga inst c Did you agree with the docisions ofthe interviewers in Exercise Sa? 6 Follow up 2 Task You are going to present your assessment of the best candidate for the job. Ce rtificate in The ~ sutant) f~_ • Mana ater Management Interviewers' notes ger. G enpeace Fundralser.U. Think about the fo llowing: 1 How will you arrange your presentation? (by candidate. then respond to the interviewers when they are ta lking to you. When they are talking to the other candidates. experience.

. we separate the clauses with a comma. however. we finished it in time. In spite of I despite having long hair.. prepositions: follov. 1 _ _ is the best way to be successful in your career. despite Introduce a second idea thai It was a very difficult job.I<Wfications. . The Slbor'dnate clause can come frst or second h the sentence. he £Ptthe job. We often judge people by appearances in spite of the fact that some people are not happy about this. ". arn::! one with an opposite meaning. INhen the ~te clause comes first. 1 an angular face 6 7 hewy e)!elids 2 a promineflt 3 full D21!fl a high fo r ehead lins l ips 4 buShy eyebro ws • 9 10 bloodshot a poijnted sticking-out e)!e!. .XpI'isi"lg Fonn Example SLtJordilating c:orlu1ctkxls: join a mail clause arx:l a subordinate clause. Write or talk about the contrasts in your life. 'M3 separate the clauses 'Mth a rorrvna. cI"Wl ears eyebrows eyelids eyes face forehead lips mou1h """ Make combinations of these adjectives and a noun from the list above. It sam-colon. I look forward to _ _ " Choose three adjectives which describe you and three which are not like you at all. suggest.happy • after the following common verbs: like. I in spite of some people not being happy about this. 2 I enjoy my work/studies althOugh . i"lO'Nev€r".x:Jge people by appearances. avoid. although. 0 3 _ _ Is important if you ' <i. makes the maln idea surprising He got the job in spite of / despite his long hair. sane people are not happy 800ut this. despite is fl'lOI'e formal than in spite of. 4 One thing I enjOy doing in my free time is _ _ " 5 Vv'hen I have enough money. dislike.. advertls: precede a second sentence: usucilly after a period but can be after a AlthOugh she had the right Qt. 1 In spite of being a good student at school. Adjective t ne<VOUS -- prodictabIe Shy threatening untrustworthy """""" su"""' "'" Similar meaning Opposite meaning oa1~ • after a preposition: He apologized for being late for tile Interview. enjoy. However/Nevertheless. keep. Compare with a partner and explain your choices.thinking 2 dishonest honest introverted demanding slow·wilted 3 extroverted 4 easy-going 5 intelligent want to lead a good life in my country. Vocabulary Summary 1 The face We often. Complete this table with one adjective with a similar meaning to the one provided. """ though intrOduce a second idea thai makes the mai"I idea SI. VV'hen the subordinate Clause comes first. 5 thin .. though.". U. Nevertheless. hate. 4 AlthOugh I am not an expert in computers. miss. ~ 2 Personality adjectives academic athletic changeable active authoritative 2 The -in9 verb We use the -ing verb in the fOllOwing ways: • as the subtect of the sentence. 2 _ _ is the ideal way 1 learn a foreign language. Reading lots of books is the best way to ~ demanding edgy intelligent optimistic quick-thinking slow-witted arrogant aggressive bad-tempered calm coofident conl ent dishonest easy-going honest indifferent . mind. Note: in American English we can also use to + infinitive after like and hate: I hate to be late. with little change to the sentence: We often judge people by appearances but/ though some people may not be happy about this. Followed by a comma. d91y. was a very difficult job. add an idea thai makes a previously mentioned idea surprising or less true in spite of. Complete these sentences with your own words. we finished it in time. She didn't get the Pb even IflcxJgh she had the ng.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Linkers for contrast The lable below Shows a number of ways in which we can compare and contrast two ideas. We can use a variety of forms of contrast.! chin 3 I don'! earn much money. pessimistic neM>US team new • as the complement or object after some verbs: Yotx WOfSt habit is lying to me! I really hate rushing to finish assignments.. before the main vern: cheerlul deprossed extroverted Introverted outgoing quiet Studying hard is the only way to pass the exam.t qualifications.gy untrustworth y outgoi ng rel axed {Iuick . she didn't get the Pb. Unit7 Body language . . Complete these statements with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other necessary words.'ed by a noun oc-ing form of the verb.

gth: c~on'1'e work.z Z (!) Using a monolingual dictionary 1 How a dictionary can help you a In grouPS. Iby sth of war. The COuntry is now faced Withc. The three red stars mean thai it is one of the 2. • I turn:~ {~%~e 2 . Put this list into the order thai they appear in the dictionary: compound nouns.ing form Pronunciation 1 \'Vhich is the stressed syllable in faceless? fa ce 2 PtvasaI verbs are made of a verb plus one or two prepositions and adverbs. w~llfi~cec°Campepte/agfiamst someone: Williams ria I or the title !A~] ~yat~c~~~~itt~ ~~~~n:~tion to have your face or front toward omeone or something' The two m fh~~~~he. compound nouns 3 How many p/vasaI verbs are listed undef the headword face? one Meaning 1 How many definitions are given for faceIfft? two 2 How are examples sho\.t a large organization ecause they ace.>UU"i/1P'Y 1 'Nhal did you think about the anecdote? 2 Ive there arTf questions you want to ask about the story? 3 can you make My suggestions 10 rnprove it? O~ ".54~..he S ~~~~~~I~i?§~~:}t~~nt~ ':t"Jn~~: ~~ omg 5th I just exists fact that she still miss~ h' had to face the 4 [T] to talk to someone Wh~~tn ."i/ . Let's face it. Now answer the questions that follow the extract. I fels. I<J<] REVIEW Review your actio n pla n: writing an interes ting s tory In pairs. • face doin th M e P10spect workers faa! losin~ ~heir of the shipyard . General organization face} I retsl verb *** 5 compete against sb + PHRASES + PHRASAl VERB -J L.Macross thfie ta·ble.U L. spd/. phrases. It is in red because it is frequently used.f.hft. if you don't study. %~re:gb~rr~~sing: I'll never be ablelStg:~ult 5 T t am GJ ter what happened. look at the stress in the phrasal verb in the extract.. phrasal verbs. § ~ IX .. .U 1 be turned to 2 deal with problem 3 accept 4 talk to sb 1 look al the headword for the verb face.' y room aces north [T] if you face a problem or if it Ii you have to deal with it" be f d ~hes YOU. .~:~h. you 'll fail the exam. a You have to accept that if you don't study. ~. Then discuss these questions. hdp ""' ckd. ~e do .. can t ace attending another let's fac~ it spoken used before saying somethmg that people might not want t ~J~.u~~~1.. Italy will face Brazil in Lhe final of tlie World Cup. ~ b Look at the dictionary entries 00 page 154 and see if you can add anything to the group's lisl. phrasal verbs. Note: you will need to show these notes to a classmale at the end of Unit 8. Grammar 1 What part of speectl is the 'NOId faceless? adjective left it 'until t~~d':z~~ic:. vefbs or the prepositiorv'adverb? the preposition 3 Think about stress and say this sentence: Face up to your responsibilities Your action pla n: exploring idioms and compounds Look at the entry for eye and the compound entries that follow it on page 157 al the back of your book and complete the task on page 156. idioms or phrases. lilT] i::t 2 Is the p/YasaI verb face up to transitive or intransitive? transitive 3 WtJch two forms can follow can 't face? noun.~. Is the main stress on the fr. b Italy will have to play against Brazil in the final of the World Cup.1m -nd . 3: fa~~t·~~~~r~l~s:nar~~i~~~~l~St person does f repr:sen. list all the ways a dictionary can help you. it's time to get startedl You are going to work on the word face. A ~ can.500 most frequently used words in the English language. 2 Using a monolingual dictionary At this level of English.hftl noun [Cj 1 a medical operation to make someone's face look younge~ 2 work that is done to make someth¥lg look more attractive ay. look at the headword face. g>ed Joy <>pJ.e".~d' ~:tyO~~ it is true: Let's face it. tf ' fi . ~ o > o Cl. ace conference. c I want an apartment that looks onto a park I want an apartment that faces the park. How many definitions of this verb are thefe? five 2 Each headwooj is followed by a number of different categories of words. exchange and rBad your partner's anecdote.h Wit. Body language Unit7 . or have never worked with one.C~~~P~~~%~~:. you shoukl be working with an effective monolingual dictionary.h~Bon~. you'll fail the exam.Yn in this dictionary? in italic 3 Rewrite these senteoces USilg a form Of the verb face. If you aren't working with one.

victory.more than iust a great sports picture. But this time 0 was beaten by Sebastian Cae: -I couldn't see Steve.. a Look at the text and the pictures. Read each captIon and match it with the correct picture. bul . picture.the race Cae . It was a normal fight H Scharfma n. fearless .. not a great story behind this Picture. h~ . the essence of a great competitor : deter mined. causing you to watch UnitS Sports . th iS shot. The onxiety over the lost meters wos unbeorob! h~m~n being. reporters on the UK Observer newspaper ch~se the 50 best sports photographs of aU time. I'm not sure which is the best picture. Which picture do you think is the best? Number them in order of preferonceand note your masons. the great SPOrts' erb If/ustrated h t t p a ographer was there 00 ~ he's the one that you can ~ behind the champion's legs. !he fovorite fOf tt . Among thelT choices were these three pictures. b In group. Which is the most popular picture in your group/class? 2 Reading skills What I love about the picture is that the phOtographer has gone up high into the stands.The great picture shaw What makes a great sports picture? In 2003. 1 B ~ It captures a great event: action. 1 Speaking skills USEFUL LANGUAGE Whot I like about this picture is ' 0' f don't know why llike 1M!. S It is timeless . defeat.aVOrlte subiect Such a WOnderful I· A lew meters post the line I sonk to my knees.. picture that sums up this great player beautifully . co~pare your answers.s . movement. It's a a Th e~e are the captions that accompanied the photographs. the Moscow OlympiCS. 2 3 11 captures 4 It i s spontaneous . I've just been out to MIChigan to shoot him again..- GLOSSARY mesmerizing very attractive. . all of which illustrate qualities thot make a great sports picture.. ® There's © '--' The moment the world 01 athletics 'NOS Mood upsid e down. It was such a bloody marvelous leliel. Steve Ovett. . ' ewasmy . The more popular place to go for in big games is at ground level. Cae crosses the line to toke the 1500m gold . It all happened so fast I loved shooting this man h . And he's got a dean background. ~ . The expressions on their faces and the fact that they aU look as thOugh they are about to run off in different directions is wonderful.had dreamed about for years.it did take five or six players to take him out! He was a mesmerizing player and what the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. the race for the finishing line. Herb actually had first choice of seats was a bit annoyed when I got so I 500m had already won the 800m gold . It captures a mo ment af great emo tio n: rage. Justify your preferences w ith reference to the quaht\es III the text.it hasn' t been specially set up by the photographer. ecstasy.. was now funning lor the tope knowing 1had hit my limit.

Give students two minutes to rank the pictures in order of proference for Exercise 10. ask the class which words helped thorn answer the question.the moment of winning . 1 Speaking skills Ask studen ts to look at the pictures. C The ath letics (track and fiel d) picture: Sebastian Cae ofC reat Britain wins tho l S00-meter gold medal at the Moscow Olympics in 1980 . S ports T 80 Unit8 . Draw their attention to tho Useful Language box. so you cou ld road it aloud while students listen and read. Presentot. H Tho boxi ng picture: Muhammed Ali knocks oul an opponent. Ask students which sports they enjoy playing or watching and why. choose a pidure and describe it: What/like about this picture is it /s spontaneous. put students in pairs 10 write their own lisl. Give students a one' minute time limit to do this. Introduce !he topic . name the sport. The photographer has captured a brief momenl.and he beats his great rival and teammate Sieve Ovett. Elicit as many sports as you con from students and write them on the board. Then div ide students into groups of four to six to discuss their proforonc(ls in Exercise l b...Objectives Grammar Topic: sports Vocabulary Reading noun clouses using whquestion words track and field extracts from a sports magazine Speaking ronking photographs according to criteria Write Olympic Sports on the boord. Answers: A The soccer picture: Diego Maradona of Argentina fa ces the lJelgian defonse in the semi-fi nal of the World Cup in 1986. Afterwords. T hen compile a closs lisl on the board.on alternative You may need to check if students understand some difficult words connected with emotions and qualities. They should scan each text for clues as to which pict ure it describes.give them two minutes to do it. not afraid Vocabulary check Z Reading skil ls Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a quickly. The lext is short. and lell you what is happening or has just happoned in each picture. A~ernolively. In other words. rage = extreme anger ecstasy = extreme happiness determined '" really wonting to win/succeed fearless".. It is a good idea to model the task first.

Presentation 0_ •• Ask students to complete Exercise 3d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. So. then answer the questions. Noun clauses. clauses Have students do Exercise 3b in the same way. Common PfOb'ems and errors Students often attempt to apply question forms 10 Ihe clauses.Ask students to match the captions to the phrases in Exercise 2b. Point out that is needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase. in Exercise 3a. 5 an excessive amount t ·· a Quick grammar guide: noun 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) Have students underline the noun clauses. then check their answers with the Grammar Summary on page 88. ca n be confusing for students because (unlike yes/no questionsl there is no inversion or use of question-forming auxiliaries after the question word. Oul must be a phrasal verb. out must mean defeat or stop. A good way to manage this activity is to leave them to work through the activities at their own speed. Guessing meaning from context Ask students to work out what port of speech the word or phrase is. five or six players are needed 10 do this. take . For example. briefly check the groups' answers. or by that + a clause (= subject + verb + object). Have them appoint one person as the timekeeper for the group. Then ask them to use other neighboring words to help them decide what the words might mean.. for example: What/like about soccer is the ball skills. Suggested answers: 1 stop him. We use noun clauses as subjects when we want to emphasize them . 4 Vocabulary: track and field Have students work in pairs or groups of three or four to do Exercises 4a to 4d. Those who finish early will have longer to do the discussion in exercise 4d. Answers: Here the noun clauses are subjects. Nobody knows WRI' i5 Re so good. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2c. 2 photograph.. Let students work in pairs. Unit 8 T 81 Sports . beginning with a question word. take . I'd like to know R9W €lees f::Ie play so wel/. Ask them to work indiv idually and then compare their answers with a partner. . 4 at the end of my physical reserves. What/like about soccer is that the players are so skillful. with an overall lime limit of ten minutes. Do the first sentence in exercise 3d as an example. 3 the fi nishing line. At the end. For example..

how.htlift ill8 the javelin Person swimmer longlwnper his!Lj ume.. 5 One thi ng I don't understand about sports is why . b Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 88. 2 Herb couldn 't understand how I got such a good shot.. 2 a great event A. . 13... 8 I can't understand the menta lity of sports fans who .! diving wei&. 2: What I dislike about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is . it is the fastest creatu re on earth.l the high jump sprintin). at a speed of up to 46 kilometers an hour.b Read the captions again. Underline the noun clause in each sentence.that means it accelerates fa ster than the space shutt le! 3 long jump : a kangaroo can jump 13 meters.er sprinter diver weightlifter javelin thrower 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) a Look at these quotes describing tho pictures . C 5 victory B. is my fa vorite sport : 4 What I really like Idon't like about the Olympic Games is .. Which ono describes (or which ones describe) the fo llowing? 1 a great personal ity A. C 7 the race for the fini shing li ne C 8 professional rivalry B. Then compare them with a partner.. c Check your answers in the Gra mmar Summary on page 88. e Com pare your ideas with the rest of the class... c Wh ich sport wou ld these animals excel in? Write the sport in the sentences below. Then answer the questions. d What makes a great athlete? In pairs.. 6 It always amazes me in big soccer or football games how . 2 high jump : a fl ea can jump 100 centimeters high . but an ant can lift 50 times its own weight.. a Which question words in troduce the clauses? what . 7 What attracts me to watching sports on television is . C c Find the following words or expressions in Exercise 2a. 1 What I like about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is .. and 3 above? Why do you th ink this is? 1 What J love about the picture is that the photographer has gone up high into the stands.. Figu re out what they mean from the context. using the criteria in the box and any others you can think of. 2. 3 You can see from this picture why Coe was such a great competitor. Verb swim do lhe longjump do Ih ~ higlu ump sprint di vl' lift weights Ihro\\ the ja\'clin Sport swimming long jU1I1J.. . 4 swimming : dolphins can travol great distances in the water without stopping... How Bre these different from 1. 1 take him out {A} 2 shot (8) 3 the tape (C) 4 hit my limit (C) 5 unbearable (C) 4 Vocabulary: track and field a Complete the table with the correct nouns or verbs. Unit S . C 3 an unusual perspective for a picture A 4 movement A . C 6 great emotion B. 1 The perspective of the picture is what I love about this one. d Complete these sente nces with your own words. why b Are the noun clauses the subject or the object of the sentence? the object b Now look at these sentences from the captions a nd underline the noun clause.. a cheetah a flea a kangaroo a dolphin an ant 1 sprinting : the cheetah can run 100 meters in five seconds. 1 boxer 2 soccer player 3 runner 4 basketba ll pl ayer 5 weight-lifter 6 race car dri ver abi lity to ru n/jump speed strength hand-eye coordination love of danger ability to work in a team stamina determi nation I think whot mokes a great boxer is . the kangaroo rat can jump 10 ti mos its own length. 3 Lot me tell you why . discuss these athletes. 5 weightlifting : a real ly strong man can li ft twice his own weight. 2 What the photographer has done is capture that perfectly.

read about two martial arts. discuss the pictures. 1 Some peop le take up a martia l art . Soon. It involves both strength and suppleness. after the early years of slavery. .. Try to make at least one negative sentence. The first record of it dates from 1770.. 1 2 3 4 Where did the sport originate? When did it originate? Why do people practice the sport? What are its main movements? d . It consists of a number of movements based on attack and evasion. do a handstand to move away. 3 We should try to use our cars less . 5 A lot of people do yoga or meditate. too: I took up judo so as nollo I so that I . Brazil. • Martial arts: Capoeira is now mainly known as a mixture of dance. Would you prefer to take up karate or capoelra.. the slave owners prohibited it. so as to fight their masters. drop onto your elbovvs and kick. others do it to keep fit. about capoeira. 2 Grammar: expressing purpose a A common way of expressing purpose is with to: I took up karate 10 keep fit. and others to defend themselves. GLOSSARY martial to do with war or fighting suppleness being able to move and bend your body easilv '- UnitS Sports . Student A: Read the text below. Some people see it purely as a way of enjoying themselves. and martial arts. It was developed by the slaves in Bahia. 2 What is the purpose of these sports? 3 Do you do any sports like these? Why? b In pairs. the slaves made it look like a dance. WhIch verb forms follow the expressions? Why?/Why not? capoelra Capoeira was originally an African martial art imported to Brazil along with African slaves. or twist away. 2 People sometimes do volunteer work . It has become very popular in recent years. LANGUAGE NOTE We can use the expressions of purpose in the negative. gymnastics.. wouldn 't feel scared in the streets at mght. Student B: Read the text about karate on page 150. So in capoeira you might head butt an opponent.1 Reading skills a In pairs.. b Complete these sentences with an expression of purpose and your own words. 1 What are the people in the pictures d· . 4 Everyone should eat a balanced diet. omg. c Ask your partner these questions about their text. Find mor~ ways of expressing purpose in the texts.. so the slaves practiced it secretly in the forest In order to disguise it from their masters.

You don't hove to walk at nig ht here . to keep fit . Karate may not really make me sofer. keep fi t.. Check answers wit h the class briefly. and point o ut tho rules of uso and form. ask one or two As to summarize the answe rs from B's text.000 years ago Self-defense. on expression of purpose. Students then ask a nd answer the questions.balance and hip ro tation Divide the class into A poirs and B poirs. Then ask thorn to take turns to ask and answer tho q uestions in Exercise l e. Aftcrwurds.udo.. throw twist self-defense confidence keep fit Ask How are these words related /0 martial artS? •• 1 Reading skills Ask stude nts 10 work in pai rs to do Exercise l a. Quick grammar guide Answers: . handstand. Write on the board: Introducethetopk bell /dc.. So (thaI) is 0. toe kwon do. twist away Karote lndia 2. Let st udents check in pa irs. philosophical way of life Allack with foot and hands.. . Answ ers: Capooim Africa Beforo 1770 To en joy themselves. so as to fight their masters . who ha s read the some text. but I started it in order to feel safer. kick. in order 1 and so as to a re used to express purpose.. then as k them 10 use their imagination to w rite sentences. followed by a clouse. Draw attention to the Languago Note . Point out the Clossary. karole. Then mix students so that As are paired with Bs... and vice versa. Then they discuss it with their portner. By doing this. which includes h ow to form tho nogative of an expression of purpose using those phrases. a nd B pairs read text B. T hen as k a few ind ividuals to read their sen tences aloud for the class. Model a nswers: Some people take up a martial art to keep fit. - altemative 2 Grammal': ex press ing purpose Write studen ts' findings from Exercise 2a on the board.lell students in pairs to decide who is goi ng to bo "A . so I took up karate to feel stronger. . ond it gives you on opport unity to mix pairs in the classroom." unci who is going to be "B. kung fuJ.. In order to disguise it . They are followed by on infinilive. To. Be careful: so is used twice in the text with the meaning of consequently. They hove to make sure they can answer the questions and explain difficult words to each other. ond I do_ Sports T 82 Unit 8 ... II is not. ~. force comes from hips . to feel more prepared.~----------------------~ For Exercise 4 on page 83 ::wi Sometimes irs scary walking home at night. Some people take up a martial art so thai they know how to defend themselves. Discuss student s' responses to Exercise 1d as a w hole class. Some people take up a martial art in order to enjoy themselves. A poirs read text A.. For Excn:ise l h . defend themselves Allack and evasion: head bUll . " Ask them to road their texts carefully. you give students preparation Hme so that they are ready to answer queslions.Objectives Grammar Topic: martial arts and parts of the body Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading extract from a Writing Ustening expressing purpose ports of the body w eak forms with l'd/ martial arts book on advice leaflet on security a radio phone-in Wrile Martial Arts on the board. 10 defend themselves Complete tho fi rs t son te nce in Exercise 2b as an exa mple to get stude nts sta rted . here. so thai you can use Ihem with force and accuracy . Ask students to give you examples of martial arts I.you can toke 0 cob. but I need to save money. drop to elbows.

you should shout au! "Fire!" as loud as you can. Well. rve heard that. like. but I started it in order 1 feel sofer. I was attacked a few months ago . You don" have to walk at night here . encourage students to take notes as they liston. Expert Hello. Why go on the streets alone? Host We have a coller who'd like to soy something here. shin. ~ Allow students to check their answers in pairs before they listen to the audio for Exercise 4b to check. staple the leaflets together to make a guide for vis itors.if you have to walk the streets alone at night. hi.if there isn't a lot of troffic. thars true. Muggers tend to go for people who look nervous. it is. you know.. if he's attacked again? Expert If you get in a situation that you can't avoid. Thank you. You see. with me today. sometimes just feeling sofer can help. It is a good idea to hand out blank pieces of paper to make sure all the leaflets are the same size. irs so unstressed in continuous spee<:h that it con barely be heard. what happened? Caler 2 Well. keep to well-lit streets where there are lots of people. to feel more prepared. Allie. AI limes. people come out of their houses to see v. and irs a good idea. a weapon with me now . Unit 8 T 83 Sports . people may not want to get Involved. you know. Sub-divide the groups and make sure each pair chooses a different situation. what would you like to '-Of' Caler 2 Hello. yes. So the progrom today is asking: is there ony1hing women con do? To help us come up with some answers. too. and the anacker wants money.you can take a cob.. The audiascript for Track 34 is on poge T82 ~ 35~-------------------------------------------------------Host Recently. But. Host I understand that a lot more women are taking up martial arts these days. check that they understand that the leafl et is written for tourists. I hove a police expert Martin Fowles. rve started to carry. I've heard that if you're allacked. Is that true? Host Fire? Expert Yes. If that doesn't work. H's sometimes bener to walk on the street rather __ than the sidewalk . Host But what should someone like Jason do..3 Vocabulary: parts of the body For Exercise 3e. Play the audio again for Exercise sh and have students check the p hrases the police officer agrees with. or put them on the class notice board. martial arts or seIf·defense courses can help your confidence. I understand that you feel safer. otJ. walk toll. there's alilhe obvious advice. Ti 6 Writing skills When students have done Exercise 6a . (to. just give it to him. So. but an onacker could use your weapon against you. 0 Expert Yes. as though you know where you're going. You dorn want to look like a victim .no . There's no point in risking your life for money. Now we hove . I'd just like to soy that irs not just women who are anocked at night.-hors happening. and took purposeful. the!. but our first advice would be not to put yourself in any s~uotion 'Nhere there might be danger. asking students 10 repeat.. Pass the guides around the class for other groups to read. using the words in exercise 3b. Allie? Calef 3 Yes. /0. divide students into groups of four. as is head).I feel safer. but he didn't harm me. Host Okay. Replay the audio.. like prepositions. not down. It should not be necessary to pause the recording for them to write. Deborah? Caller 1Oh. and I do. pause the recording. In Exercise 5c. try running fi rst. Host We have another call. Words which ore commonly unstressed. Or if you harm someone. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with l'dl pronundation gQuick The weak unstressed 13/ sound is the most common phoneme in English. of course as you're in the open there. Ask students to read through steps 1 to 4 carefully. Karote may not really make me safer. For Exercise 6b seat each group of six in a circle or around a table. make sure you know enough of the language to . if you call out "Helpr. Then ask them to discuss some sports. ankle are important. Police and women" s organizations soy the problem is getting worse. After each line. Host What other basic advice would you gwe women wolking alone at night? Expert Well. Jason. the guy threatened me with a knife. Expert Joson. donl go down alle-ywoys or into badly·lit areas if you con help it. but true . look ahead. but I need to save money. He took my wallet and my cellphone. Now we hove Allie on the line. Host Ch. Sod. there has been on increase in anocks on women in the streets at night. I wanted to ask about something I've heard. or1icles. it 5 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise Sa once through and then check answers. Is thot useful? Expert Yes. Host Okay. Clues: in a place you don't know. Give them an example (soccer: foot. thaI isn't a good ideo. so I took up karate to feel stronger. I live in New York: and sometimes irs scary wolking home at night.. knee. and other structure words ore often pronounced with the /3/ sound. you could be in trouble. After Exercise 6c.. so I guess ~ wasnl too bad. Allow five minutes to discuss and make notes. but if you coli aut "Firel".

. you will use fro m the radio program and add information relevant to a local context.. cell phones. If you can't run away: 1 shout for help as loudly as you can. In groups of six. jewelry.. e.but make sure you hit the bony part. Does the police expert agree with these ways of protecti ng yourseJf? 1 Taking up a martial art 2 Keeping to well-lit areas at night 3 Carrying a weapon 4 Running away from an attacker ~ c Listen and make a note of all the advice that the police expert gives. Say the text to yourself and circle the words that become weak (unstressed). Sports UnitS . 3 Decide what information. 4 Write a list of practical tips for your situation... The first two are circled for you. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with fa! a Read what this woman says about why she took up karate. in parks. abdomen armpit elbow fool head hip shoulders toes wrist [jJ 0 [l [) !]j ~ Iill [j) ankle sh in fingers hand heel knee th igh waist ffi III III IJ[J IE) ~ 6 Writing skills a Read the extract below .. hips. ~ b Listen and check your answers.who might rcad it? Why? Do you agree with the advice? iJ!I 0 III Practical tips When you're in a place you don't know: 1 ensure you find out where lhe dangerous areas are and don't go there! ' c In groups. 2 kick your attacker in the shin . or from others in your city. at cash machines. hand .. Do you agree with the advice? situat ion from the ones below. Capoira: head. then repeat the lext 2 make sure you know enough of the language to ask for help. Compare your notes with a partner. but I started it in order to feel safer.-3 Vocabulary: parts of the body \. money. 5 Listening skills ~ a Listen 10 a phone-in program on the rad io and b Now write a leaflet advisi ng visi tors on security in your city. cameras. elbows Karate: hand16st.. on public transportation.ll the information together. .. but J need to save money. Then decide on the headings for your leafl et and put a. and I do. 1 What is the topic? allacks on women on the street at night.. muscles b Match the numbered parts orthe body with the words in the list. Check each other's content and language. c Show your leaflet to your group . Z Who is the program mainly aimed at? women ~ b Listen aga in... tat makes a lot of noise. Karate may not really make me safer. If you think someone is going to attack you' 1 start running. fo llow these steps. so I took up karate@fcel stronger. to feel more prepared. discuss which parIs of the body are important in any sports Ihal you play... ' 2 'tlttract attention by breaking a bottle. Example situations: on the street. a Go through the Iwo texts in Exercise 1 and find six parts of the body. . a window or anything 3 carry a whistle and blow it hard so people can hear it and come to your rescue.. Each pair takes a different answer these questions. if any. 1 Divide into pairs. You don't have to walk at night hereyou can take a cab. 2 Think about attacks that may happen to visitors and the pur pose of the attack. fect. Sometimes it's scary walking home@night.g.

. The diagnosis of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism of the sport. You can see some of her dad's moves. the daughter of Muhammad Ali.. Laila realizes that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see if she still wants to go forwar" with it. MuhammadAli is probably the most famous sports figure on earth. Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of debate and criticism. t~." "-laila Ali would rather not compare herself to her father. Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to watch his daughter fight. Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not "spared her the details of what can happen. ButLaila is a feisty and determined individual and it is that as much as her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention. She prefers to make hr own name. Of course. made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to take up the sport. Since then.Not for girls? Sport or spectacle? 1 Reading skills a In groups. His presence at laila's first professional fight. however."~ knows about moving well.AIi . Unfortunately. '-- 1 Are you surprised at seeing wom en doing these sports? 2 Which one is the most surprising/shocking? Why? 3 Can you think of any sports that are more associated with women than men? What might be the reaso n? b Read the article about Laila Ali. Which of the phrases below refer to Laila and which to Muhammad? Why is each one im portant in the context of the article? 1 the most fam ous sports fig ure on earth Muhammad 2 feisty and determined Laila 3 Parkinson 's disease Muhammad 4 the greatest Muhammad 5 a magne t for worldwide media a ttention Laila Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the fight as her father's fights once attracted." said one referee about her. "arrival on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle. all right. Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 "-seconds.The ring announcer introduced him as the "The Greatest" and ar he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted "AIi.AIi. discuss these questions about the pictures o n this page. She knows she's going to get hit hard at times. Ali's decision to start boxing despite her father's struggle with the symptoms 0 '. plus his outspoken opposition to women's boxing. but at least she is prepared for it. "She knows what she's doing. seemed to "-broadcast her father's support. that she may get a broken~ nose or a swollen face . laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent. That. GLOSSARY feisty having a strong character swollen larger and rounder tha n usual spectade an impressive show (sometimes used to show disapproval of something ridiculous) .". he is recognized on every continent and by all generations.

possibly because these are sports that most girls play at school. gymnastics. synchronized swimmingprobably because the sports are gracefu l and balletic. find out the degree to which your students agree or disagree with each other.. to fight/to box a fight / a boxing match boxing ring'" place where boxers fight 01ringside". Volleyball. ask students to read the article and match phrases to the people. In Exercise lb. Ask Whol sports do Ihese women ploy'! Whol qualifies and strengths do they have? What other female sports stars do you know? Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Ask students to work in groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l a . Mia Hamm. Serena Williams. You may wish to check that students understand these words connected with boxing.S . women's' soccer is very popu lar. Answers: Sports associated with women : ice-skating.but choose women well-known to your studentsl. In the U. next 10 the boxing ring lake up boxing"" start doing the sport of boxing knock out on opponent ::= make him/her unconscious Vocabulary work Sports T 84 Unit8 . (For example. Afterwards. and tennis are often associated with women . Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. Gabriela Sabatini . field hockey.Objectives Grammar Topic: women and sports Reading on Internet article verb + verb constructions (to + infinitive / -ing verb! Ustening an informal conversation Speaking a role-play Write the names of two or three famous sporlswomen on the board.

I'm the best student in my class. " "the diagnosis of . If you think we're going to buy you a matorcyde for your birthday . I don'l en. Ask students to research the text. rd rather spend my free fime motorcycling. Girl I can already dance. I'm using Joke's but he . it's expensive 4 Speaking skills Allow four or five minutes for studonts to do Exercise 4a. hong on. irs just that we think you should be studying for your exams. and thars what I wont to talk to you obout. then.. give them a few minutes to prepare what they are going to say. motorcycling. Pause the recording to give students time to note the arguments. [n Exercise 2b. Mother And what do you think you're doing? Girl Nothing. it 's dangerous. Father [from another room) Motorcycling? Mother Motorcycling? Girl Yeah. the simple verb. Let them compare their answers with a partner.. darling.oy ~so hard. Mother What do you mean. thers why.. Prepositions ore always followed by -ing. actually t wonted to talk to you about that. Motorcycling? Racing? How long hos this been going on? Girl I started motorcycling . 3 Listening skills in Exercise 3a. find examples. Play the audio again. and complete the table.. Ask students to listen and check their answers.".. and I'd reolry like .. Irs my 18th birthday soon. on his bike . Parkinson's disease fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing" "hor fa mily history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle" "Muhammad Ali wanted to watch bis daughter fight " Following Exercise ld. Girl I'm always studying. isn't it? I didn't wont to tell you be<:ause you would have stopped me from doing it. I think we need a serious conversafion oboul all this . Mother Wait a minute. Right now. also point out the Languago Note that discusses start. I'm in a race tonight. -~~-----------------------------------------------------. then give students three or four minutes to complete Ule rest of the text. After students have comploted tho sentences in Exercise 2c. . Answers: "his presence at Laila's first professional fi ght . ~ ~ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Unit 8 T 85 Sports .about six months ago. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. Answers: For: iI's exciting Against: she should be studying for her exams. . Mother Well. you con" use Joke's bike forever. 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructions Exercise 2a can be done in pairs. thars obvious. Common problems ond errors Translating from the students' first language and overusing 10 + verb My parents don'llel me ~ oul/ole. trs excrting. Gift Exactly. elicit the answer to the first question from the class to get them started. Mother But isn't It dangerous? trs just tholt'm worried..in Exercise l c. soy "nowhere: Girl Okay. and discuss the sentences. I'm going motorcycling. building up a list for and against. nothing? Where are you going? And don'. Mother Now.with Joke. Father And isn't It expensive? t mean. Once students have read their role card for Exercise 4b.. Father But you don't even have a motorcycle.. Encourage students to read tho Useful Language box as they prepare their arguments. I'd prefer you to take up dancing or something like thaI. and I've been racing a few limes.. Girl No . Mother And why didn't you tell us? Why did you hide it from us? Girl Well. let lhem check their answers in pairs. seemed to broadcast her fath er's support" "Lalla has won most of her fights . Father Thafs not true. Quick grammar guide: verb+verb Students simply need to memorize whether verbs ore followed by to + verb. have a brief class debate about boxing or any other sport in which women's participation is currently controversial . ask students to read the statements carefully before researching the article to find phrases in the texl that support their answers. or the -ing verb. Elicit ideas from the class and write ospecially good ones on the board.

suggesl Verb phrases like I'd rather./ . change them so that they are. Listen to the conversation and check your answers./ . Emma started 1 going motorcycling about six months ago.he left of the table and find examples of these in the article.. try to think of other arguments for and against a girl of 17 motorcycling. Are they true for you? If not. Is boxing a sport./ . you'd betler Modal verbs and make/lei Prepositions./ .. e.. Make a note of the arguments that Emma and her parents raise for and against her hobby. Check ( ~ ) the correct column in the table to show what follows them. or something else? Can you think of other sports that provoke a similar debate? 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructi ons a Look at the categories on t. and her mother would prefer her 5 to take up dancing. Try not to get angry. to + verb Simple verb . 3 When you nave reached a compromise and you know how you are going USEFUL LANGUAGE to resolve the situation. stop talking. you are going to role play the conversation between Emma and her parents. Category Verbs like IVan I. a spectacle. from. d In pairs. 5 I would prefer to live (live) on my own than in an apartment with others.c Read the article again. by. They think that she should 4 study for her exams. Try to fill in the blanks. Sports Unit8 . Who I'd be really happy if you'd found the best solution? I see what you mean. Choose your role and read it on page 1413. then /'11 . Find evidence to support these statements. Then follow these steps: 1 Tell the others how you feel about the situation ../ LANGUAGE NOTE Slart can be followed by either an -ing verb or to + verh.g. Emma would rather 6 spend her free time 7 motorcycling and she wants 8 to talk to her parents about 9 buying her a motorcycle for her 18th birthday. using some of the Useful Language phrases. Listen again. 3 I started learning (learn) English when I was five years old. prefer Verbs like slarl. You will need to negotiate. c Tell the other groups in the class about your solution to the problem. 4 Laila has a good relationship with her father. decide. b In groups of three. but . about b Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 88. She didn't want 2 to tell her parents because they would have stopped her from 3 doing it . 2 I'd rather take part (take part) in sports than watch (watch) them. 3 There is a lot of controversy about both boxing itself and about women boxing. . 4 My parents wanted me to follow (follow) in their footsteps and do the same kind of work as them. discuss the sentences. I'd like you to . c Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. 1 I'm interested in watching (watch) boxing on TV. 4 Speaking skills '- _. 2 Discuss the situation and try to reach a compromise. '- 3 Listening skills a Look at the picture then read this summary of a conversation between Emma and her parents. 2 Laila Airs boxing career is successful.ing verb ." a In pairs. If you agree to X. 6 I'm afraid of being (be) without work. d Look at the last sentence in the article. 1 Muhammad Ali accepts his daughter's decision to become a boxer.

... 2 Task You ore going to debate the role of the Olympics (today and in the future)." games" eommitte e .. 1 When were the last Olympic Games? Whero were they held? 2 What do lhe imagos on these pages tell you about the Olympic Games? 3 What arc tho main objectives of the Olympics? Are they usually achieved? b Read these statements about the Olympics and decide whether you agree with them or not.. The Games should be spectacular . "' The world is in Crisis... too.... our feelings towards countries we perceive as aggressors. excitement is the main '\ purpose of the 1... I think the Olympics are an opportunity to prove ourselves on the world stage and to become better known.. Q As an athlete. ' ideals of bringing peace and friendship. 5 The Olympics should be abo ut athletes compoting witil each other. In the old days..) I believe there's nothing wrong with the Olympics as they are run today. Sadly. ~bA.. we should be given a chance to develop. read the following quotes and decide which of the views in Exercise lb each speaker holds. First . " "ClaSs athlete Unit 8 Sports .... they should be a good show.. or at least we should insist on a ceasefire. 8 The Olympics should be abandoned these days as they attract terrorists.. Share your views with your group. with wars and aggression all around. I believe countries at war shOuld be banned from competing. something works. We could be given an opportunity to imprOYe all kinds of services. 7 The Olympics should be all about entertainment. " (l) \ ..1 Wa rm up a In groups..and the system of having the Olympics in a different country every four years is good because it increases interest.. we should leave it alone... were justly proud of our physical and mental fitness.':'--~"_ We are applying to host the games next time so that we can boost our economy and provide more jobs for our citizens... 'Gl. 9 Bringing nations together in friendship should be the only aim of the Olympics. 4 Tho current system. the spirit of t(e ~ games is dead . with countries taking turns organizing the Olympics. 6 There is too much commercialism in the Olympics these days. 2 Countries at war should stop fighting during the Olympic Games. 3 The Olympics shouldn't only be held in rich countries. despitE:. the Games are a media event: they are all about entertainment.. In spite of the ~ . they are beyond the responsibility of the Olympic committee.. Although there are problems. discuss the Olympic Games.~ medal viIOrd"'~: : In my opinion. As a small country. However... is fairest. it is about competition and ~ making a living.they must be given back to Greece where they "" ' ~ began" .. "'". The Games are a symbol of international cooperation and we have tl"" work with all nations to make them work."7. Nevertheless. (They may hold more than one of the views. we athletes . the games had nothing to do with big business or with entertainment for its' \ own sake... ''V ioum<llist G _--------:-:----'-~ ~~. the games exist to encourage the highest standards both on and off the field. but providing .. Breaking world records is important.. The games should have nothing to do with politics. 1 Keeping politics out of the Olympic Games is essential..:::.

Give a short time limit. 0 Organizing group discussions 2 Task Let students work in pairs to match quotes and views. 4 81 . Answers: A 2. 4 D 3. say four minutes.Objectives Grammar Topic: the Olympics Reading quotes Ustening Specking linkers expressing contrast and -ing verbs a committee discussion debating the role of the Olympics Write The Olympics on the boord.7 Co F5 G9 Sports T 86 Unit 8 . Beijing is hosl of the 2008 Olympics and the 2012 Olympics will be held in london. Afterwards. elicit from one person per group a summary of the main points they discussed. The images on pages 86 and 87 show the Olympic flame. Ask students a few personalized questions to gellhem started. branding and advertising. Ihe murder of 11 Israeli othletes by Palestinian terrorists ot the 1972 Munich Olympics. II is his or her job 1 make sure thai everyone in Ihe group speaks and that no one speaks about one topic for 100 tong. Culture note Nominate a group leader to ask the questions and rea d the statements aloud for others 10 discuss.7 E 4. Block Power solutes by American athletes at Ihe 1968 Mexico City Olympics protesting segregation. for example: Introduce the topic Do you enjoy watching the Olympics? Which events do you walch and why? Is it important to you when somebody from your country wins a medal? Why? 1 War m up Divide students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions and statements in Exercises 1a and lb.

Sylvina? Athlete Well. Make sure that each student in the group chooses a different role. should be abandoned Z should be banned.it increases their public prolile and competing for your country can make you inlo a national hero. bulleted note form. pausing as needed . I think 01 the same time thatlhere is lar too much commercialization and focus on money. In groups. as a representalive of the International Olympics Committee.so I think we should be paid to compete . 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. we'd obviously have to 1001: Of how we could raise the money to do that. T T1I 0 0 • •• • 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to stand up and deliver their group's proposal. Ticket prices are already really high. lers just lake a show of honds_ Con you raise your hands if you think that athletes should be paid? Thank you. ii ii Additlon. Play the audio again.. stop the discussion. Put lhe posters on the classroom walls. and so on. could be given.1 acIMty 6 Notice Read through the example and rules as a class. But my main point is thaI the Gomes ore all about competing. as Sylvino suggests. We hove severol items on the agenda. and decide which role they wish to play. Ask students to listen and say who is speaking. We are in danger of losing sight of the main aim of the Olympics . Ask that student to summarize their group's ideas for the class at the end.3 Prepare Divide students into groups.just a sum 10 take pari.to help bring peace among nations.. Ilhink we'd lose pari of thaI. I think there should be a reasonable financial reward for athletes and the work they do. Tell students to list at least five arguments they wish to make. and five reasons why their city should get the Games. it was very different . Remind them that they have to agree on a proposal. lfyaur students have problems hearing the expressions. Unit 8 T 87 Sports . we have to train harder and harder and so many of us are getting injured. thank you all for coming. Before we move on to the next topic. elicit comments from the rest of the class . then ask students to find other examples from the lesson. RepresentotiwI Okay. J7~----------------------------------------------------RepresenkrIiv9 of International Olympic Committee Well. Adriano? Retired athlete Well. Representative Thanks very much for your view. After five minutes. The Olympics means a lot of time out 01 our schedules . Nominate one student in each group to write down arguments why. As athletes. osk students to design a poster to promote on Olympic bid from their city. Rrst.Give each group a large sheet of poper to design their poster on. RepresentotiwI Right. On the poster.it was all about showing the high physicol and mental standards that human oongs could reach. These reasons may be in shari. it does benefit them .time when we're not earning any money . we're concerned that some of Ihe highest-quality athleles have decided not to attend recently.not to win . Give students four or five minutes to discuss the statement. I tend to agree with Adriana. Yes? Journalist Okay. Tell groups to decide on the wording of their proposal. l leel rt would be a step in the wrong direction to pay the athletes. irs gelling tougher for us all the time. allhough I do agree with Sylvina thai we athletes are overworked and underpaid. Yes. should be given 7 Follow up Divide the class into the same groups as in exerc ise 3. I think if we introduced payment to take pari. must be given. thanks. Answers: lb shouldn'!. Let students check in pairs before discussing their notes as a class. they have to design a logo. tn terms of the competitors. After each. you could play the same audio a third time. Tell students that they have five minutes to discuss. providing entertainment. someone less directly involved. lers have a view from someone who isn'l an athlete. We're here to discuss Ihe future of the Olympics and to suggest some practical solutions for improving ~. That would also mean that athletes who don't make a lot of money would be able to come. so lers start. I'd like an athlete to comment first on this. Even Ihough athletes give up a lot 01 time to compete in the Olympics. When I won my gold medal thirty years ago. and tell them to decide on who is going to read it aloud to the class . my job is to make sure we maintain the highest standards both in athlefics and in the way the Olympics are run. pushing yourself. write a slogan. Then give them a minute or two to decide which statement they wish to discuss. Thanks for Ihot. . !hars . if athleles were paid. be held.

then all the best ath lot es would enter. etc. Spons UnitS . s How does the chairperson ask for opinions at the end? let's just ta ke a s how of ha nds.c to have a shorl debate. a Form a commilloo 10 discuss the statement: each student chooses II different role from Exorcise 2: athlete. then follow the steps a . Then share your ideas with the class. 1 Tho Games sho uld be restricted to countries that are democracies. 3 when we don't know who takes responsibility for an Ilction. we lIove come to the fol/oll'ing conclusions. F ~ b Listen aga in and mako notes on the following.. LeI's have a view from someone who . no merchandising. .. 2 10 avoid accepting responsibility for everything we say. decide whether you agree or disagree with the statemen t below. / 1 feel it would be . 00 you agree with thei r proposals? Why? I Why not? Itllink we should be paid to compete. TV producer. Use tho (Iuot es and tho statements in Exercises 1 and 2 for ideas.3 Prepare In groups of four or five. Liston to tho other groups and make notes. Find other exa mples of tho modal passive in lhis lesson in Exercise lb Il nd Exorcise 2. 2 The Olympics should always be held in the wealthiest countries as poorer cou ntries find it very difficult to raise the money to host them.4 below about the future of the Olympics. Form a proposa l about the statement . C. peaceful. 4 There should be no commercialism associated with tho Games . b Make notes on the arguments you will present to the other memhors of the committee. . [Read the statemen t you cbose. Let the wealthy countries pay for the Games! 3 Athletes should he paid to enter the Games. B. Did most of the groups agree or disagree? Our COlllltry should be chosen 10 hosltlle Olympics in the near futuro.. We have discussed the statement . 1 How does tho chairperso n introd uce the topic for discussion'! We're here to discuss .no adverti sing. etc. 4 How do they fi nish their speech in each case? I think there should be .].. and 5 Compare @ a Listen to a committee discussing one of the statements in Exercise 3. .. we often usc the passive voice with a modal verb: 1 to avoid making tho dobato too personal." 6 Notice Look at this example from the debate: 4 Feedback Report back to tho rest of tho class on you r proposa ls. Which one? Which oflhe speakers from tho quotes in Exercise 2 do you hear? A. after some cOll sidcmtion. and wilh good human rights records.. c Discuss tho issuo with the olher members of lhe commillec." 3 How do the second and th ird speakers start their speeches'! Well . When we are debating or having a discussion.. choose one orthe statements 1 . Start like this: Ladies and gelltlemen. 7 Follow up In groups.. First. 2 How doos he soloct the speakers? I'd li ke an athlete 10 comment 6 rsl on this.

and preposiHons can also be followed by verbs. Simple verb This form follows !T"IOdal verbs. How you live your fife is none of my business. The noun clause can also be a subject and come at the beginning of the sentence. and make and let: We should pay our phone bill as soon as poSsible. 6 My pet peeve: I hate. 3 Verb + verb constructions Many verbs in English can be followed by other verbs. Where Philip goes every evening remains a mystery to me. often verbs thaI involve wants and desires: 2 Parts of the body Labet the parts Of the body using the words in the box. I've started to learn I learning Japanese. Connector Followed by infinitive Example We went out for dnner to celebrate Mary's birthday. I'm calling you now so (that) you don'.ide armpit elbow fingers foot hand head "hand abdome. Use a verb form in each one. These verbs take a number of forms: dNe< wejghtlifter javelin thrower Answer these questions. Complete these sentence stems about yourself. I don't en. 1 Do you play / Have you ever played any of these sports? 2 If not.. 5 Going out: I enjoy. do you find boring. It also folows a number of verbs. which would you like to try and why? 3 Which of the above sports. verb This form lolows a number of verbs. We often use them in this position when we want 10 emphasize them. 3 Hobbies / Free time: I'm interested in . II is possible to make so as to negative by putting not before to: The po/ice put the witness in a safe hOuse so as not to expose him to danger. and why? to. waist heel hip knee shin shoulders \ fingers ~ wrist I liugh ankle Unil8 5po<ts .m Sport swimming the long jump the high jump sprinting diving weightlifting the javelin p"""". -ing verb This form follows prepositions: You can team a lOt from looking at people's garbage.. It also follows the phrase I'd rather (without an object). Ve'" "". She confessed her crime so as to get a lighter sentence. 4 A big change: When I started . 7 Making myself better: I should . bead I want to spend our vacation in Florida this year.oy going under the water when I'm swimming. 1 Work I want . ---waist wrist """""'" ". to in order 10 The government has increased wages in Ofder to gain popularity before Vocabulary Summary 1 Sports: track and field so as to sa (Ihal) the election. Some verbs can be followed by either the -ing verb or vert) + to: Gary hates to meet I meeting new people. forget the party. It's amazing how clever she is. sboul elbow We prefer to watch movies at the movie theater. if any. including most verbs of liking: Jason suggested joining the sports club in the center. 2 A big decision: When I decided . I'd rather watch auto racing on 7V than go to the track. swimmer long jumper high jumper sprinter CIa"se I got up early so (thai) I wouldn't miss the plane. 2 Expressing purpose We can express purpose with connectors that are followed by an infinitive or by a subordinate clause.Grammar Summary 1 Noun clauses (beginning with a question word) A noun clause can be the oOject of a sentence: I don't know what he is doing. do the lOng·jump do the high jump sprint dive lift weights throw the javelin The connectors in order to and so as to are more formal lhan to + infinitive or so that + clause. Compare your sentences with a partner. We reaJ/y can't rtgure out why Susanna left Michael. What we need is more government support for our enterprises. We can also use verb • to after some verbs of liking: Karl likes to go dancing on Friday evenings. They made me clean the whole hOuse every day.

I came across "to give someone a black eye" when J was reading. Interesting! Q. For those who cannot make it to their team's stadium. is the language oorrectly used? For example. decide how to order the information and write a draft of the two most popular sports.S. popularity. when the games are played. Before you start. discuss lhese questions. Q( phrasal verbs you looked up in your dictionary and 'Nhat information you 3: ~ ::. exchange your work with your partner. However. fans are predominantly men although so me women are also passionate about the sport. Basketball games are also extremely popular in the U. So popular in fact. compare the language you have underlined. talk about your action plan for Unit 7.J Basketball Football Baseball 2 Analyzing three short reports a Read the three brief reports and check your answers to Exercise 1b. PlAN [> Your action plan: writing a short report Write a short report. Unlike football. they watch live or recorded games in a local bar or at a friend's house. the sport is also very popular with women.. tickets.S. c Take one sport each and write a short report about It. spelling. are the punctuatiofl. 3 Writing a brief report a In small groups. too.) country? 2 Which people like these sports? learned about them. that National Basketball Association (NBA) games in many cities are sold out in advance. The report is The most popular team sports in my country.J. You can eithef use your notes to write about the third most popular sport in your country or you can write about anothef team sport in your country.. it is often difficult to get tickets for National Football l eague (NFL) games as they are generally sold out before the season begi ns. collocations. WIth number 1 as the most popular. Are the reports good enough to go up on a Web site? There is no doubt that football is the most popular sport in the United States. games take place on weekday evenings or afternoons between earl y spring and late fall.J L. Comment on these areas. Tickets to baseball games tend to be much cheaper and easier to get than those for football and basketball games. there are ten Women's National Basketball Association teams (WNBA) in the U. Nole: you win need to Show your fv"laI written report to your classmates at the end of \JrIit 9. Fans usually tend to be male.J. baseball is regularly shown on TV. Tell yout: partner which words.? Put these sports in order. L. I thought "8Jack Isn '/ right! We don't say that' So J chOCked it out in the dictionary. Teams in Major league Baseba ll (M l B) play 81 games in an average season. Can you find any patterns in the order of these topics in the reports? c Read the reports again and unde!1ine any words or phrases that may help you write your report on sports in your country. Try to help your partner by making suggestiofls to improve the writing. Fans are attracted from all walks of life and as is the case with both baseball and football. The basketball season is much shorter than baseball's with NBA teams playing 41 games in a normal season. so it may be difficult to get tickets. the majority of fans are men. d When you have finished. Due to its popUlarity. b In pairs. ~ 3 When are the games played? 4 VVIlefe do people watch the games? b D::> you know the most popular team sports in the U. brainstorm and make notes on the three most popular team sports in your country. and grarrvnar correct? e Make final corrections to your reports and then read them to each other in small groups.S. Nevertheless. idioms. You are going to write a report foc a Web site about sports in your country. and in English you do say "8 black eye". Use the key 9 o > ideas in Exercise 2 to help you. Many people follow their favorite NBA team by watching their games on TV. Sports UnilS . d tn pairs. Baseball is the second most popular sport in the USA and as is the case with football. Games are usually played on Sunday afternoons and if spectators don't go to the game at the stadium.(!) Z I Q: A short report 1 Thinking about the topic of your report a Work in small groups. 1 Which are the mast popular sports in your rn REVIEW Review your action plan: using your dictionary In pairs. and where they are watched. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy. b The reports all deal with the same topics: fans.

(are) ovcnvcighl • 6 'M Uton. ~ c Li ston again and complete the rest orthe noles.o!/urns.000 . and diet products? Is this average for your country? 4 Do you pay attention to the images of beauty presonted in the media? Brain and beauty . ~ ~ hme IR= on.!!2. ~ " 8 'll."""". giving reasons for your choice. try to complete the presenter's notes using the numbers in the box.~ 1M mu. Ie 5a<d. Which of tho images of beauty on this page do you find tho mostllcasl beautiful? In pairs.dut:wo men who have perfect skin and beautifuJ Dowing hair. 7 $2.on.!l.5 """9' " 3 . >Wi . c!Mes " accessme..dJA. Ik-nl< tky hme ~ f"ck " 1 . I:xttwrt Q)1.>UY>ey.1 Speaking skills ~ b Now listen and chock your answers.)f people m.. In pairs.. Mgs! d In pairs.. Uton.s ~'if' Mis.fMds 10 heaDh p. did " :J li ~ ~.Ypo$ cf .easun. 'Pu. who are Ian. 2 Listening skills a You are going to listen to part of a presentation about the media and personal image. compare your ideas . ef! anorexIa Suney ct!n.. cosmetics. what are the main reasons for this? 3 How much do YOlL spend on clothes... did pmiud. 1 Do children and adults have ··weight problems" in your count ry? 2 If so..s .I:h I !L1ill9 '"It"OmE?1-. to analyze the effects of women's media on tho health of the fema le population f<. and who are very slim I 5 15 15 44 80 50 90 8.JA~ Ji'omen.5lL ~ pp. ?>U>n.ded wr.on. US. discuss these questions. fey -aomen's ~ when Ye(J1iJ:nfj?n0fJ5' the way women are pNl!lcnted as perfecl in these magazines ~ cf kauI:y m 'I?Ie. " Z JIlL ~ ~ when....

We wonted to analyze the effects of women's media on the health of the female population. it has to be said that many people in the U. " •• 2 Listeni ng skills Read through the notes in Exercise 2a as a class. and who are very slim. and perhaps most dramatic. ~ ~ ~ H. Dr Cameron Thank you.in the region of 515 billion. which. and much of that stems from comparison with media images. the first ideal women are given in magazines. covering a sample of eight thousand women. on TV. For Exercise l e . play the audio again. Ask Do you think the media help women have a positive image of themselves? Do you think women spend a little or a Jot? Ask students to guess the answers in pairs.eolog Diego Institute of Health.55 billion. Then ask a few questions to fOCllS students on the task. is that of physical beauty .. who are ton. Compare that with the amount women spend on cosmetics . I. Of course. elicit from the class how important culture. Let students check their answers in pairs. Afterwards. They do spend more on clothes and accessories .women who have perfect skin and beautiful flowing hair.S. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise ld . the next aspect we looked at was . Dr." 0" 'p""" Ihl' ".tend to feel depressed when they read women's magazines.many children see themselves as too fat.we'll look at perfection in other spheres of life later in the presentation . The reason for this is the way women are presented as perfect in these magazines.Objectives T opic: images of beauty and health Vocabulary Reading a radio presenter's Grammar non-defining relative clauses your image and health Usfening a presentation notes Speoking discussing beauty and how it is maintained '--. Ask Which of these things are important to you? How much lime and money do you spend on these things? Do you think we worry about how we look 1 much? 00 Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to briefly discuss the pictures in pairs. Cam. are overweight The problem of weight and image is not confined to adults . or their parents see them as too fat . keeping fit. Afterwards. Ask students to listen and check their answers.90% . can lead to terrible health problems: by the time they reach adolescence. in the cose of teenage girls in particular.S. beauty treatments. cosmetics. Ask students to listen and complete the notes. Play the audio for Exercise l b. which is still a lot less than they spend on Irying to get thin. find out how many students are very concerned about image. This points to a severe dissatisfaction with their image. which explains the amount thaI women in the U. 01. "eo.o "0m Ih' Sao Brain and beauty T 90 Unit 9 . In fact. age.. Now. My team conducted a survey over two years. hairstyles. Our first.a staggering $44 billion.) Write on the board: fashionable clothes. about 50% of all adults in the United States believe that they have a weight problem. Of course. spend on diet products each year .and as many as 80% go on a diet at some time during their childhood. and fashion are to our ideals of "beauty. finding was that a huge proportion of women . in the movies. Cameron. This constan t comparison of oneself with on unattainable image can lead to obsession. 15% of children suffer from anorexia. which the average woman connot hope to imitate. who is presenting the findings of her recent research into the link between the media and women's health in the United States.

and decide which ones arc not related to beauty. Answers will vary. syllable stress and proounciolioo. Checking . Confusion between who and which in relative douses: Dr. and then olicit the vocabulary from tho class. check their meanings in the Vocabulary Summary on page 98. In Exercise 4b. For example: Which of lhese products do you use? How ohen do you use them? How much do you spend on /his product each month? Ask students to walk round the closs and interview as many people as possible in. Common probkNns ond errors Repeating the subject pronoun after the word who or which: Young women are people who IRey may become anorexic. and ask students to repeat. They usually begin with the relative pronoun. Quick 9' Oi III"nOI" guide Relative douses lalso called adjective douses) give more information about a noun in the main clause. eight minutes. You could do exercise Sb as a doss survey. which. or that. Ask students to discuss their finding in pairs and then report them to the class. use check. Brain and beauty . depression indigestion obesity anemia anorexia boldness fatigue ocne eczema Ask students to do Exercise 3b in pairs.. Suggested answers: 1 perfume 2 hair dye 3 razor/shaving foam 4 5 6 7 8 aftershave fake Ian bair conditioner make-upllipstick tattoo --Unit 9 T 91 Pair up students to discuss the questions. Then elicit answers from tho whole class. questions to see how well students hove understood the new vocabulary. Ask students in pairs to think of fIVe or six questions to ask about the products. and 10 check. Cameron is a researcher wAAA has corried oul a survey. and check their answers in the Grammar Summary on page 98. say. For example: Which word means you ore 100 fof? Which word means you hove no hair? Which word describes spots on your face? Cheddng pronundaIion Read these words out aloud. ask students to work in pairs to compare the sentences. answer the questions. Ask studenls 10 complete Exercise 4d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. pair up students to read tho problems.•• 3 Vocabulary: your image and health In Exercise 3a.aning Afterwords. who. •• 4 Grammar: re lative clauses Have students road the examples in Exercise 4a and discuss the questions in pairs. Divide students into groups of four or fivc to discuss the questions in Exercise 3e. 5 Speaking ski lls Ask students to look at the pictures.

are small brown spots. 1 2 tired (aUthe time) loss of energy a skin disorder acid in the stomach lack of iron in your body 3 Which one in each pair contains a nondefining relative clause? la . Za Women's magazines. shouldn't read these magazines.. can help with some disorders. The freckles which~~h get on your face are usually com pletely harmless. Change the relative pronoun to that where possible. Is there anything in the pictures that no one would do/use? Brain and beoufy Unil9 . a The sections in italic are non-defining relative clauses. 1 Which of the problems do people in your 2 3 4 5 6 country worry about most? Z Do you know anyone who suffers from any of these problems? 3 What can people do about them? Use the Useful Language to think of some advice. which fall onto dothing around the shoulders... ? It might be an idea to . w ho are experts in food and eaLing problems. . Anorexia. 5 Speaking skills a The pictures show ways in which people try to make themselves more attractive. . makes you want to stop eatin!\. are part of the problem. products/changes make people more attractive? 2 Are they effective'! Which are most effective? 3 Do you use/do any? Which olle(s)? 3 4 Grammar: relati ve clauses a Read the examp les from the presentation and answer the questions. which promote the perfect image. Freckles.s ef eles]'>IIH lack of iron in your body loss of energy loss of hair nauseated a skin disorder tired (all the time) c In groups. which is slill a lot less than they spend on trying to get thin. discuss these questions. 2a Which sentence in each pair describes a particular group ofgirls/magazines? lb. Nutritionists. The table lists some possible health problems. . who is presenting the findings of her recent research Z They do spend more on clothes and accessories .ldness fatigue You are/fe el depressed overweight anorexic ba ld Yo u suffer from feelings of despair eating for the wrong reasons an eating disorder loss of hair b Compare these two pairs of sentences. answer the questions. Why don't they/you try . Arc any of these problems not related to b~auty or image? Problem depression obesity a norexia ba. 1 What does each picture show? How do the USEFUL LANGUAGE They/You could / should / ought 10 . 2b Which describes all girls/magazines? la. Dandruff is flakes of dry skin in your hair. zb Women's magaZines that promote the perfect image are part of the problem. A hangover is a feeling whicht"~3tl get the day after you drank too mllch alcohol.in Ule region of $15 billion. lb Young girls who feel unhappy with their image shouldn't read these magazines. Do the sentences make sense if we remove these parts? yes b Which relative pronouns are used in the examples? who. acid in the stomach anorexic dopressed an eating disorde r bald overweight pimply eating for the wTOllg reasons faint/dizzy fedint. Elena Cameron from the San Diego Institute of Health. which often affects young girls. l Our speaker this evening is Dr. 2a Can we replace the relative pronoun with thol in defining or non-defining relatives? definin g acne/eczem a pimply indigestion a nemia nausea ted faint/dizzy c Check your answers with the Crammar Summary on page 98. who often feel unhappy with their image. In pairs. which appear on the skin of both males and females .3 Vocabulary: your image and health a An obsession with beauty is often a risk to one's health. d Add commas where necessary to the fo llowing definitions. 1 b Complete the table with these adjectives and noun phrases. la Young girls. which c Where does the comma come in the sentence? comma comes before the pronoun 5 4~ b Discuss your ideas in class.

0. religion.e. but adds to those. while the second two types can be completed by anyone. In fact. This accepts the traditional ideas of intelligence. 90 4 Read the puzzle. lOa. the first two are highly dependent on the language of the person taking the test: non-native speakers are likely to score lower in linguistic tests than native speakers. empathize (wi lli) understand how someone else feels Unh9 Brain and beauty . In recent years. logical reasoning." test is a kind of intelligence test consisting of problems or puzzles that you have to solve. Why? • • 1 1 1 Today. When he comes home from 5 k he gets into the elevator and goe :O~d the 6th floor then he gets ou~ and :alkS to the 10th floor. 110 . he gets into the elevator on the lOth floor and goes down to the 1st floor. 100 d 80. 1. many people are against such tests because they believe they discriminate against people who learn in different ways from those demanded by the test.Q. tests usually have different sections to measure different abilities. test? When? For what reason? GLOSSARY cognitive related to the brain.0. 105. Clearly. which is appropriate as this was the use for which it was originally devised. such as being able to understand and empathize with other people. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence has received a lot of interest. regardless of their level of intelligence.Q. I. 957 a 105. such as musical or artistic talent. shape. The first tests were invented by Frenchman Alfred Binet. mainly to identify schoolchild ren who might benefit from extra help. etc. ~ .Q. i. linguistic. which brought accusations of racism.) 1 Which test did you find easiest I most difficult? 2 What do you think each puzzle is testing? 3 Do you think that the puzzles are more difficult for you than for a native speaker of English? What does this tell you about LQ. Take the mini test below. Most I. 1 1 1 1 1 The man is very short and can't reach the button (or the 10th Door. 1 Speaking skills a An "LQ. He does thiS every day. a toes b head . by the seco nd half of the 20th century. testing today are probably in recruitment of employees and in school testing. and spatial awareness. 1. numerical ability. hand d fingers 2 Find the picture below that fits best in the empty square. tests have had a long and varied history.Q. tests have also been criticized for being too restrictive and not taking into account other abilities. other types of intelligence. and spatial awareness. 1 Shoe is to foot a 'ove to: ( . He devised them to test a person's cognitive abilities. How quickly can you figure out the answer? A man lives on the' Oth f~oor of an apartment building . tests are considered quite limited in the type of intelligence they measure and they are not generally used so much.0. 9S € 05. those of logical. The tests were grad ually applied more generally and came to be seen as a way of measuring average intelligence relative to other people in the same age group. l. b Work in groups. 2 Reading skills a Read the article quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1b. On hiS way to work in the morning. tests were being used to support theories that some races were genetically more or less intelligent than others. tests? 4 Have you ever taken an LQ. 115. a b Most people have heard of intelligence quotient tests (I. However. and the way it understands things spatial related to the size. Write the kind of puzzles by each one. Compare your answers to the puzzles and discuss the questions. 1 1 1 1 1 c 3 Which are the next two numbers in this sequence: 120. tests) but few people know much about them. and position of things discriminate (against) treat someone unfairly because of race. 110.0. In addition. The main uses of 1.1. (The answers are on page 149. l.0. tests consist of problems assessing an individual's verbal abilities. and the tests were discred ited. Questions 2 and 3.

I.Q.0. T •• &:'l Vocabulary work A 1 invented 2 used 3 help 4 measure 5 limited B 0 benefit . lest 1 Speaking skills Tell students that they have five minutes to take the mini I. 4: logical reasoning 3 Yes . 4-<. tell the class to stop. 3-0. test in Exercise la . Pul students in groups of four or five to discllss the questions in Exercise lb. and then let students check their answers to questions 2 and 3 with a partner before sharing them with the class. test taking and discussing an 1. Q) Reading Writing topic and supporting sentences Grammar non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers Speaking an Internet article. 3: numerical ability.Objectives Topic: intelligence (I. You may wish to check these words by writing them on the boord in two lists and asking students to match them. Ask them to read the text and do the task in Exercise Za.highly dependent on the language of the person. There are a number of synonyms in the text. 5-b. an La. b restrictive assess d devised e applied Answers: l-d. and then let them check their answers on page 149 orlhe Student's Book. Answers: 2 Puzzle 1 is testing verbal abilities.Q. 2-e. 2: spatial awareness.lesls are limited in what they test. 2 Reading skills Draw students' attention to the Glossary. After five minutes. Brain and beauty T 92 Unit 9 . Limit the time to five minutes.

. . which brought . 4 Writ ing skills: topi c senten ces Ask students to match paragraphs and topics in Exercise 43. t . .. . A topic sentence is generally the first sentence of a paragraph. tell them to prepare carefully before writing by brainstorming words or phrases tho! would naturally follow from the topic sentence. Let students check their answers in pairs after they have completed the exercise. which is appropriate (linn 33) defining non-defining defin ing non-defining - Ask students to work in pairs to find answers to the questions in Exercise 3h. Afterwards. Prepare students to do Exerc ise 4b by doing the first as an example. . They are used in recruitment of employees and schoollesting.Q. taking notes on which topic sentences best fit the supporting sentences. 2 False.. (line 11) . Answers: 1 False. Presentation alternative Once students have chosen their topic sentence. NOll-native speakers are likely to score lower. and allow students a few minutes 10 circulate around the room. encoumging/pressure.. Go around monitoring. in the first set of sentences. (They should then underline the first sentence of each paragraph . Give students a minute to read through the sample paragraph in Exercise 4c. helping with ideas and vocabulary. it is usually possible to guess the general content of the whole paragraph.) Let them check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. who might benefit .. Answers: the use of I. appearance/attractive. and point out its structure (location of topic and supporting sentences). Let students check answers with a partner before discussing them as a class . consider pulling students in smoll groups to do the task.. 3 Grammar: non-defining relat ive clauses as sentence modifiers Ask students to do Exercise 38 individuall y and th en check the answers in pairs before going through them wi lh the whole class. Or have students post their answers on the wall.. (They give the main idea of the paragraph. (line 26) . Ask them to research the text to find reasons for why some sentences are nol true. Unil 9 T 93 Brain and beauty . The tests were discredited because they were being used to support racist theories... For example.Ask students to read the sentences in Exercise 2b carefully and decide whether they are true or fal se.. (l ine 5) . Clauses a and b comment on the whole sentence. if a student chooses 6 There is more pressure on men /0 succeed and make money . ask individuals to stand up and read their paragraphs aloud (without the topiC sentences) for students to guess. They wero devised as a way of identifying children who needed extra help in schools..) Point out the Language Note on page 93. Ask students to choose and write down a topic sentence from exercise 3d. and they should expect to see similar words. which is the mason why other types of learners do badly. Ihey could brainstorm: successful make money work hard get promo/ion be rich Brainstorming these words should help them with ideas for what they could include in the rest of Ihe paragraph. In Exercise 4d . who learn . Ask students to predict which words they expect to see in a supporting sentence. tests to support racist theories its main uses in recruiting and school testing Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 3c with a partner before disclJssing them as a class. elicit from the class the reason(s) topic sentences are important.. LA Topic sentences Let students compare answers in pairs before eliciting some good examples from the class and writing them on the board. Set up Exercise 3d by doing the first one as an example: Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners. 4 True. 5 False. for example . 3 False. In exercise 4d. By reading the topic sentence.. Cive students five to ten minutes to write their paragraphs.. They should expect to see some key words repeated.. Answers: .

Q. or which explains why . However. c Read the sample paragraph. which suits the more competitive kind of person. . Match the paragraphs with the topics. 4 relative pronouns who and w/!ich.Q. 1 The media is full of <. we are going 10 try the fo llowing puzzles. b which was a frightening thought! c which will also test your knowledge of English! d Complete these statements with a non-defining relative clause starting which is the rooson why . lests are hardly used today. Match three of them with these supporting sentences.. There is more pressu re on women to be attractive tha n on men. Decide which one. LANGUAGE NOTE A topic sentence gives the main idea of a paragraph. which means that the majorit y of a d verti sing for cosmetics an d other beauty produc ts is aim ed at wom en . i. 1 3 We need to understand what it is about height that can give people a head start. 2 Intelligence depends as much on the environment as on your genes . beautiful supe rm odels in these seems to im ply that the average woman can look like a su perm o d el if s he buys these prod ucts.... a . 4 Writing skills: topic sentences a Look at the article in Ex ~rcise 2. 5 Z For example. tests.Q . 5 The theory of multiple intelligence is less restrictive than the theory behind I. the result of a ll th is pres sure can be count erproductive .Q.Q.b Only one of the sentences below is true.Q. 3 All I.. 3 Some parents do not have many books in the house . Do they introduce defining or non-defini ng relative clauses? b We can use non-defining relative clauses to comment on a whole sentence. they !Jui 11e wel'e mw-n1ed Ity ~. T he m edia is full of a d vertisemen ts encouragin g wom e n to s pe n d more o n the ir a p pearance.hencA'"m(1:n. G I.. tests were invented in France. .e. Which relative clauses comment on the whole of the previous sentence? 1 The explorer was in danger of being eaten by wild animals. they will always give the same score for people of the same intelligence level.. t I. x 3 Grammar: non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers a Look at the article again and find oxamples of the sentences... sUlllJOrting sentences t:oncJuslon d Read your paragraph aloud to your partner but don't read the topic sentence.. 5 There is more pressure on women to be attractive than on men. Then choose one of the other topic sentences from Exercise 3d and write a short paragrap h. tests b The sentences in Exerche 3d arc ali lopic no.Q. tests? 2 What is appropriate about I. 6 There is more pressure on men to succeed and make money than on women . b Z The man was very short. It is usually followed by one or more supporting sentences. testing today? c Match sen tences 1 .. and find the phrases in the article that tell you the others are false or that we don't know they're true. tests are racist. Can they guess which topic sentence you are writing about? Broin and beauty Unil9 . exams usua lly have strict time limits.. Then compare your answers with a partner. with one or two sup porting sentences... 1 Whal brought accusations of racism to I. . dmit knhw Z They were devised as a way of putting less intelligent children into difforent schools. which can actu ally make the m less.. then underline the topic sentence in each paragraph.Q... attractive. 1 Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners . tests today Paragraph 2 types of lests Paragraph 3 the histc ry of I. just for fun.dvertisemcnts encouraging women 0 spend more on their appearance. a 3 So. The use of young. . not m o re .w om en become worrie d and stressed abo u t their appearance. It often (but not always) comes at the beginning of the paragraph.. c a which was why he couldn't reach the last button..3 with the appropriate nondefining clause a-c. 4 They say tall people do better in li fe. Answer the Iwo questions below by findi ng the two non-defining clauses in the article. 4 The tosts are very reliable. Paragraph 1 the use (If I.

The secret of life

1 Reading skills
a LoO,k at the pictu res. How old are the people? Which one looks healthier? Why? b The average li fe expectancy has increased a lot in the last hundred years. Discuss the answers to these questions: then read the report and check. 1 What is the life expectancy in the United States now? Men 74, Women 80 2 Why has lifo expectancy increased in the last hundred years? Infectious diseases - less deadly. general environment cleaner, eat better c Underline the important words and ideas in the repo rt and write a brief summary of each paragraph. Then compare your summaries with a partner.

'P~ 1 ieIl.s u.s Ik tie ~n.C1J 100 lP"" ago and Way, and ...

Life expectancy in the last hundred years: changes and reasons for change
A hundred years pgo. liG. expectancy in developed countries was about :lL in the early 21st century. men in the United States and the United Kingdom can expect to live to about 'Ii. VlQIDm to about aQ. and these ages are rising all the time. \Vhat has brought about these changes? \Vhen we look at the life span of people 100 years ago, we need to look at the greatest killers of the time. In the early 20th century, thcse were the acute and often highly infectious diseas~ such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and smallpox. Many children died very young from these diseases and others, and the weak and elderly were always at risk. health has improved with improvements in our general environment: cleaner air, better means of preserving food, better and warmer housing, and better In the developed world understanding of nutrition. these diseases are far ~ deadly today, and in some Q enetically, we should all cases have almost be able to live to about R2. disappeared. A number of but while people do live factors have led to this: longer today, there arc still improvements in sanitation some big killers around and hygiene, the discovery that are preventing us from and use of ~nribiotics, which consistently reaching that make bacterial diseases age. The problems that much less dangerous, and affect people today are the vaccinations against marc chronic illnesscs, common diseases. In such as heart disease and addition, people's general strokes, and those spread by viruses, such influenza and AIDS. Of course, cancer is a huge killer as well. In most cases these diseases affect older people, but there are worrying trends in the developed world with problems such as obesity leading to more heart disease and illnesses such as diabetes at younger ages.

"

The killers today can be "lifestyle classed diseases", which means that it may be possible to halt their progress.

Unil9

BraIn and beouty

Objectives
Grammar

Topic: life expectancy
Vocabulary Pronunciation intonolion in

Reading a newspaper article

lag questions

health and disease

question lags

Ustening a radio discussion

Speaking
discussing ways of improving life expectancy

Write on the boord: food

work

medicine

lifestyle

Irrtroduce the topic

Ask In whol ways have changes in these areas improved our health and fife expectancy? tel students discuss the question briefly in poirs, and then have a whole-dass discussion.

1 Reading skills
Ask studen ts to lell you about the pictures in Exercise la. Possible answers: The woman in the large picture appears to be in her sixties or seventies. and looks much healthier than the oUler woman. Tho h ealth ier woman clearly keeps fit (cycling) and has a healthy lifestylo. Tho other womBn drinks alcohol.

Put studonts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise l b, Encourage them to think ofthree or four reasons for the answer to question 2 before readi ng the text, Help students prepare their summaries by underlining the first two or three important words and ideas as a class, Then ask students to underline other ideas, before chocki ng with a partner, Briefl y elicit answers from the class to make sure students have underlined more or less the same things, then ask students to write their summaries fo llowing the example in Exe rcise l c, Stress the importance of students' using their own words to summarize an article, explaining the main ideas they have understood from reading it. Model summary:
100 years ago life expectancy was on ly 47, whereas today it is 74 fo r men and 80 for women. The shorter life expectancy in the past was a result of killer

infectious diseases, Infectious diseases are less dead ly today because of better sanitation, antibiotics, and vaccinations and because we have im proved general health a nd a cleaner environment. Genetically, we should all reach 85, but we don't because of chronic diseases lile heart attacks and lifestyle trends like obesity, The killers today are "lifestyle diseases," which we have some influence over,

r

For Exercise 3b on page 95 :III Host Welcome to this week's Science Now. Today we
discuss the question: what makes people live longer? There is no doubt life expectancy is increasing, but v.ill this continue? Well. v.ith me to discuss the queslion is Professor foAoyumi Hotushi, an expert on nutrition, and Brion Winter, on exercise coosullont. Brion, you firs!. Brian HeHo. Well. yes, life expedoncy shook:! continue 10 increase, buI there is couse for concem that Iodoy's generation rno( noT rIVE! as long. Host Oh, why's that? Brian Irs completely dooMllo our Ideslyle. We Ieod very inocTiYe lives nc:rw - most people sit all day. We're not exercising enough buI.....e still eot as much as, if nol more than, people vsed 10 eol years ago when most JOOs were active. So this leads 10 obesity and 011 ~s problems, Host So we need more exercise, don't we? Brion Yes, we should do qurte sTrenoous exercise for aboulthirly minutes three limes a week. This will also help 10 ensure good sleep, which is important, Host Okay. Moyumi, do you ogree? Moyumi Oh, yes, lifestyle is very important. My interesl is in nu1rition, as you knaw. Bul did yau

know thai women in Japon live longer than any oTher people on the planet, to aboUT 82 in general? Host No! Why is lhot? Moyumi Irs hard 10 soy exoctly, but one reoson is !he diel: in Japon, we eol lots of fish and fresh vegelables. fd soy thot Japol'lCSe women trodiliooolty don'l hove a 101of stress, though thofs chonging now that more and more are working. Host And Japanese 'NOffiell don1 drink a 104 of okahol, do they? Mayuni fd soy thors changing, too! Host Who! about salt? Thafs bod lor you, Too, isn1 it? Mayumi Too much saU is, yes, buI rd soy.....e eot quite a lot. Oh, and another thing - lea. Teo is good lor you, espe60Ity green tea. Host Oh, I didn'T knavv that Now, we've lalked about diet, exercise, sleep, stress. IS there anything else? Brion Well. rd soy thot irs irnpoflonl 10 Iry To keep oplimistic ond happy and not 10 lei problems stress you too much, I think it's important to hove close friends, people you con rety on and lalk 10. You know what1hey soy - 0 problem shored Is a problem halved!

Brain and beauty

T 94

Unil9

t ·· ~

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
Copy the word map in Exercise 2a on to the board. Ask students to copy it into their notebook. Word maps are a great visual way of recording. learning. and remembering words. Encourage your

students to design word maps for other sets of words taught during the course. Have students do Exercise 2b in pairs or sma!! groups.

3 Listening skills
After students have read the list and selected their five important things. let them discuss their ideas with a partner. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Ask students to listen and check the things mentioned.

Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. You may need
to play the recording a second time before students get all the answers. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Answers will vary.

4 Grammar review: tag questions
Qukk grammar guide
Question togs in English are quite complex, so geHing students to use them accurately can be a slow task. The first key to the system is grasping that auxiliary verbs in the main clouse ore repeated in the question tog. However, the verbs switch from affirmative in the main clouse to negative in the tog clouse, or the other way around. The second key is grasping that when there is no auxiliary in the main clouse, danY, doesn't, or didn'l is needed in the question tog.

Common errors and problems
Students may transfer a simple system of questions togs from their first language 10 English;

You like it, A6? They ore married .
Youlikeit. ~?

?

Students may overuse the tog "isn'l il?

Ask students to complete the question tags as they listen to the audio for Exercise 4a. Play the recording again. pausing at Ule tag questions, if students are not sure of the answers. Let students check their answers to Exercise 4c in pairs before discussing them as a class.

5 Pronunciation : tag questions
Read through the rules in Exercise 5a as a class before doing the exercise. Play the audio again. Ask students to listen and repeat. Play and pause, ask the whole class to repeat. and then ask two or three individuals to repeal the sentences as well. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Ask students to listen and write "checking" or "asking".

6 Speaking skills
Give students five minutes to discuss and list health problems and causes. Briefly survey answers from the class, and ask each group to identify what they think the major problem is. Encourage students to use the example in question 4 as a model for their writing. Finally, have one student from each group present their report to the whole class.

~~----------------------,
a Sa we need more exercise, don't we? b Japanese women don't drink a lot 01 alcohol, do they? c Thars bad lor you, too, isn't it?

\41'---------------------------.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 II isn't raining again, is it? IfaUI Sarah didn't eat much, did she? Ifalll Patrick booked the tickets, didn't he? Irisel I'm invited to the party too, aren't I? Irisel Nothing'S going right these days, is it? {lallJ This is the right place, isn't if? (rise] They'll be late, won't they? 11011 1

Unit9

T 95

Brain and beauty

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
a Go through the report on page 94. Find the d iseases mentioned and the ways o f dealing with some of them. Add them to this word map.

4 Grammar review: tag questions

@

a Complete these tag questions. Listen and check your answers. 1 So we need more exercise, don 't we ? 2 Japanese women don " drink a lot of alcohol, do they ? 3 That's bad for you too, isn't j! ?

ways or dealing with different problems

health and disease

b Complete the rules for tag questions. If the main verb is positive, the tag question is negative . If the main verb is negative, the tag question is positive .

LANGUAGE NOTE
There are some "irregular" tag questions: I'm -7 aren't I? This is -7 isn't it?

b Discuss the diseases and problems in the word map. Think about possible causes of each one from the list below, and how they can be dealt with.
infected food and water bacteria/viruses working too hard eating the wrong food pollution

radiation

stress
alcohol abuse smoking ignorance

c Write the tag questions for these sentences. js it ? 1 It isn't raining again, 2 Sarah didn't eat much, did she ? 3 Patrick booked the tickets, djdn 't be ? 4 I'm invited to the party too. oreo 'l i ? 5 Nothing's going right these days. is it 6 This is the right place. iso 'l iI ? 7 They'll be late, MlIlD'llbey ?

?

3 Listening skills
a The repo rt mentions "lifestyle diseases", which 5 Pronunciati on: tag questions may slop the average life expectancy from ~ a Wo can use tag questions to check something we increasing. How can we improve our lifestyle and think we know, or to ask a real question. If we live longer? Look al this list and decide which ask a real question, the voice rises on the tag five you think are the most imporlant. questions; if we are checking, it falls. Listen to 1 eating fish ~ the three questions from Exercise 4a again. 2 avoiding sugar 0 Wh ich one is "real"? 3 avoiding too much salt Listen and repeat the three questions. 4 not too much alcohol Listen to the questions in Exercise 4c, Write 5 not smoking "checking" or "asking" by each one. 6 doing lots of exercise 7 keeping a healthy weight 8 sleeping well 6 Speaking skills 9 being optimistic IH In groups, discuss ways of improving life expectancy 10 not too much stress ~ in your country. 11 being married I with a partner 0 1 List the ma jor health problems in your country. 12 having close friends ~ 2 List their causes: are they lifestyle·related? Listen to a radio discussion about life expectancy 3 Suggest ways of dealing with these problems. and li festyle. Put a check by the things on the list that are mentioned. 4 Write a short report about one or two of the major problems. Li sten again and answer the questions.

B

o

B B B

o

1 Why is the amount we eat a problem today? because of inactivity and obesity 2 How much exercise should we do? thirty minutes three times a week 3 Why do Japanese women live longer than everyone else? because they eat fish and vegetables, have liule stress and don't drink much alcohol 4 Why does Brian think fr iends are important? you need people to rely on and talk to d In pairs, discuss these questions. 1 Do men or woman live longer in your country? Why? 2 Think of very old people you know. Does anything in their lifestyle explain their long life? 3 Would you like to live to over 1oo? Why? I Why not?

in ouy ayea, a1Le ygi£S aye a 6t-g flYo6&m. 7he)! can be caused by plan!:5 OY pe15, 6u.1 lhe)! can also be caused by ,,"Y pdtu.lU)n, wfuch can ¥eaLt)! damage )!""Y heaLih. 'Peopte can gel vaeem,,5 ag,,"nsC ce.uun aLteygie5, a-nd Ihey 5huuld h-y ..wi ro have plan!:s oy pUs Ihat cause aLteYg"'s. The .f!uvern/",,,n!: sMul.d h-y ro Yeduce atY pcllultnn 6ecau.se tl makes aLUygi£S woyse.
5 Compare your ideas with other groups.

Broin ond beauty

Unil9

1 Warm up
a How do you think you learn most effectively? Before you start work on this lesson, make notes about the ways in which you think you learn best, e .g. visually. by doing things with your hands. by talking to others. b In Lesson 2 oflhis unit you read a little about Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intell igence. Now you are going to learn more about this. Read the lext and write the kinds of intelligence in the table below.

INTRODUCTION
. k that every parent th"nks their \ Teachers often)O e arch Suggests that . . od recent resc child IS a gemus, a roa bcl lntclligence is affect~d to some extent they d~ffercnl factors: gellene, by a number of . nal and so on. In the late environmental, cm otlO d doer of H ar vard Howar ar . 20th centur y, . d dOff nl kinds ofintelhgence, . "ct nnile I CfC I University I C th factors. For examp e, ccount esc which take IOta, a . c which refers to people there is visual tntclhgenc .' maps and so on . th ough pictures, , who learn best r th thcr hand refers to onco ' IOte ' c blem solving, and L ogical ' l JIgene , . th gh numbers, pro . learnUlg rou f . I traditional intelligence analysis. These arc air ~ d tifled more unusual G dncr also I en . types, but ar rural intelhgence .' such as no. d IOtelhgcnce,. nnd thc environment), an re (underst.andlO~ natu ( ki g questions about life), existential intc~lgen.ce a~ : nderstanding yourself intrapersonallOu~\hgcnc () d intcrpersonal d I mng alonc, an d well an ear d' other people an (understa n 109 ·th intelligence . lnlera cong well WI . them) . \Vhal all thIS means is that if we can , identify child ren'S " ~ different strengths among of these type s intelligence, we can hC\~ child ren to fulfill thclr potential as learners.
1

Kind of

What does it mean?

Examples

in telligence

Your ~ score

Verbal

Learning through
language Learni ng thro ugh looking
Learning th rough analysis Learning though doing

Reading articles

2

visual

Using tables and graphs
Problem-solving ac ti vities

'0

3

logical

o

4

Kinesthetic

Doing physical games Using chants and rh ymes Writing a diary at home

5

Musical

Learning through sounds and rhythm Learning through thinking and working on your own Learning by interacti ng with other people Learning through observation of the world Bround you Learning through asking questions abo ut life

6

intral)ersonal

7

interpersonal

Working in groups, e.g. role play Working outside, in the countrySide

,.


natural

existential

Discussing important issues

;,

Unit 9

Brain and beauly

and relative clauses a book extract an informal discussion Write a set of words on the board.using language. Strange. you know. yes. don't you? Jane Oh. ask What does this Ie/I us about the way we learn? 1 Warm up Have a brief class discussion for Exercise la . but should teach. right? I lean toward visual learning. you know. too. it's one of the ways of learning. I know what you mean. I prefer to study alone and figure oul problems for myself. I haled college . Irs about how some people prefer 10 learn through listening or reading or taking notes.all the professors iust stood up and lectured all the time. but you prefer 10 study with other peaple. like I'd always keep notes when the teacher was talking. I feel that t can learn a 101 from ather people. motivated. I just like doing things. Rob Sa you must be. For Exercise 6 on page 97 1I Jane I was reading a really interesting article earlier today. through games and activities where you get up and move around. Rob Oh. I mean. For example: jump skip hop leap step stride Introduce the topic Ask If you had to. irs about teaching. isn't it? Jane Well. ~ ~--------------------------. looking 01 maps and figuring things out from pictures. But. you know the kind of thing. I think. I'm physical. I've heard of that. how would you go about learning those words? Who of you would write frans/a/ions? Who would put these words in sentences? who would learn them by miming or matching to pictures? After eliciting a few different answers. Rob Oh. you're right. Jane Have you ever analyzed yourself? Do you know how you learn best? Rob I haven'l analyzed it. whereas I lend to be more intropersanal. but I tend to write things down. you can leach in lois of different ways to make the lesson more interesting and to make sure more and more learners are. I don't feel I'm learning unless I write. Jane Thars right. Rob I think that we both have something of the other types of learning.. Isn'l it about how diHerent people learn in different ways? Jane Thars right. um. so they were really blocking out some types of learners and making life more diHicull for them . too. They didn't use any other techniques. Rob Not only can teach. I like learning through aclivity. wouldn't you? Jane Yeah.Objectives Grammar Topic: different types of intelligences and learning styles Reading Ustening Speaking analyzing learning styles verb + verb constructions. . Rob Yeah? Jane It was about Howard Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences. Thai must be port of verbolleorning . I mean. Rob I'd say thai writing is also Ie<nning through doing. the kinesthetic type. I love Brain and beauty T 96 Unit 9 . Find out how students feel they learn best. Thars.. yeah.. I'd rother study in a class Ihan on my own. kinestheti c. interpersonal.. you know. yeah. Ask students to read the text and complete the first column of the table in Exercise lb . noun clauses. um. surely it's not iust about learning. too.

Ask studcnts to work out their score and discuss the results with a partner. students could draw and match pidures more when studying vocabulory ot home. 5 Comp are Play the audio for Exercise 5... drowing. Presentation alternative Write the following language on the board to he1p with preparing the report: We all tend /0 . You cou ld help students by reading out a model ana lysis. . On the a/her hand / In contrast. kinesthetic . . Ask each grou p to report to the class. .. Also. you could use more pictures.. prefer . Bearing in mind which types 01 intelligence are most common in the closs.. Aften'lsrds. 7 Follow up Divide students into groups of four to six to share their ideas and prepare a report in note fonn. Ask students to co mplete the sentences and check their answers in pairs.. Have a brief class discussion o f students' answers. For example: 1 learn best by analyzing. and videa in closs.. whereas.. On one hand . For example. brainstorm on the board ideas for types of activities that could be used in and out 01 closs to facilitate learning. From a show of hands .. Give students two or three minutes to prepare a brief description of their learning style using the new languago.. leons toward . J prefer doing problem-solving (lctivities to reading or speaking. kinesthetic..2 Tas k Ask students to work ill pairs to add to the Examples column in the table. I lean toward doing probJem+solving activities rother Own reading or speaking.. tables.. Additionalodivity The Qudioscripl for Track 42 is on page T96 '" Unit9 T 97 Brainondbeouty . interpersonal •• 6 Notice Play the audio agai n for Exercise 6a... inlrapersonal Jane: visua l.. You may need to play and pause to give students sufficient time to write their answers.. if mostleorners are visual. find out which types of learners are most common in the class. ask a few students to briefly su mmarize what they found out about their partner. Both . 4 Feedback Ask students to take turns to read their analyses aloud. and .. Change pai rs in the classroom. Thon ask studonts to tell their new partner about their learning style: I tend to learn best by analyzing. 3 Prepare Ask students to use the phrases in the Usefu l Language box to write 8 short analysis of their learning style. Let students check their answers witb a partner beforo discussing them with the class. but . labeling. Answers: Rob: verbal. Ask students to listen and say what typos of intelligence the speakers have..

2 Rob: I lend .... Which types of intelligence do they each have? Brain and beauty . 3 Jane: I lean toward . This time try 10 use some of the language in Exerciso 6a. 1 Jane: Some people prefer . Listen 10 your partner's analysis.. 7 Follow up USEFUL LANGUAGE I learn best by.2 Task a Usa your noles from Exerc ise 18 to add more exam ples to the table.. describe your styles of learning to each other. b Find out about your "intelligence" (we can all have more than onc type of intelligencel.. J like I don 't like .... J prefer .. 4 Jane: I love . .. 8 Rob: .. 6 Rob: I prefer . .. 0 ". 4 Feedback a Present your analysis of ycur learning sty les to your partner. b In the sarno pairs. b Discuss your learning styles together.... Can you give me an example a/what you mean? a In groups. Whal kinds of intelligence do you all have? Which is the most common kind ofintelligence in the group? b Report the resu lts of your group to the whole class. Complete the sentences below. 1 '" I rarely learn in tbis way... 3 = This is one of the ways I learn best. . Make noles to toll your partner about how you learn.. describe your learning styles to each other again. Keep a note on the most common types of intelligence in other groups. Read the table again and give yourself a score of 0-3 for each type of intelligence.. Did anything surprise you about your partner? Did you agree with their analysis? 5 Compare ~ Listen to Rob and Jane doing the same task. I don't learn like this at all. 6 Notice Listen to Rob and Jane again. 2 = I sometimes learn in Ihis way. 7 Jane: I'd rather .. 5 Jane: I like . wheroas I tend . 3 Prepare Use your scores above to list your styles of learning. c Decide w hich are the three most common types of intelligence in the class.. I'd rather .

>cia diabetes indigestion smallpox 2 Causes of disease I health problems alcOhol abuse viruses smoking bacteria pollution eating disorders radiation infection / infected food or water . . Note that defining relative clauses are not separated from the main clause by commas. Non·defining relative clauses are used mof8 in written than spoken English. the tag question is negative. are read by young and okJ alike. fqr lis taw scAoot. wluch is caused by a "YtrnJ. because she doesn't have much money.. In this case. She speaks English.AIDS allergies anem~ eczema """"'" fatigue tuberculosis _esOOo heart disease innuenza stroke pneurT'oOflia A It's a person who teaches in a university. to ask about something we don't know. . ~. 1 Harvard University is especially well-known for its law school. which is very democrafic. and any other language you need. wfuch t. 3 Tag questions u.. which.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Relative clauses A relative clause gives more information about a noun 1"1 the main clause of a sentence. i. or idea. . the tag question is positive: This kind of relative clause gives additional information about a person. In pairs. is especuu1:y welL-known.In!lue:n}4. when we snee. Where the relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause. Note that we do not use the pror1C)IJ'I that in non-defining relative clauses. using a relative clause. Non-defining relative clauses Kevin and Laura aren't coming tonight.'1 Mandy tOOk the intelligence tast that focused on spatial awareness. the sentence stilt makes sense: It's really cold today. There are two types of relative clauses: defining (Identifying) and non-defining. Use relative clauses where you can.sdtes m tAe wo-dd. giving more infonnation in non-defining relative clauses. strnss 2 Non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers We can use non-defining relative clauses with which to commeflt 00 the Idea in a 'NhoIe sentence: 3 Prevention and cure antibiotics mediCation diet sanitation exercise sloop hygiene vaccination She lives in 8 v&y big house.L~. )la:. didn 't he? In other tenses we use the auxiliary that is used to form the tense: In defining relative clauses we often use the pronoun that instead of who or which. and that we always separate them from the main clause with a comma. (She's the woman.n:niey. hasn't he? With modal verbs. 5 LQ.e.'y(:y pecple e. the voice rises on the tag question: I don't know Pilar. Choose five of the diseases or problems in 1 and write a definition/description of each. that. thing. is spyuut from peyson. doesn't she? 71 F""" In simple tenses (simple PfBSSfIt and past). Then compare your sentences with a partner. can he? If the verb in the main part of the sentence is positive. who 's an architect. Choose a word to define from the list. which is odd. 4 Tom Cruise used to be married to Nicole Kidman..Jl:. We can use tag questions to check something that we think we know. (The relative clause identifies which test. Unit 9 Broin ond beauty . It usually begins with who.e. the fact that the elections take place fNefY three years is democratic) Write a sentence about each of the following. can 6e ptt'V'en1:ed now by a "Y(lCC.e qr cqu.5 9t'V'en UJ e/4. WOrlcs for the lOcal fflUflkipaIity. If we leave out the information in the relative Clause. al'8 there? My wife.. it is odd that she lives in a big hOuse) The elections taka place SVSf}' three )'OOIS. isn't it? There al'8n 't any concerts here this weekend. If the verb in the main part of the sentence is negative.. we foon the tag question with doIdoes/did: information in defining relative clauses: She's the woman who won the beauty contest.. wfuch is one of tAe k5l 1t. a professor Switzerland a manager a biologist chemistry smallpox Vocabulary Summary 1 Diseases and problems acne """". UJ peyson. haven't you? :::.gh.e. 2 Gabriel Garda Marquez wrote A Hundred 'rOOrs of SoJitude. al'8 they? M8J'k's been with that company for years. we can leave it out: I failed the math exam (that) I took last month.-e'1f .. In this use the voice falls on the tag question: '!-tlu've been to Europe several times. We cannot usually leave out the We can also use them to ask a real question. which have sold millions of copies. 3 Mumps is a painful disease. tests are restricted to traditional kinds of intelligence. we use the modal to form the tag questiOn: Brian can't sing very well. ~.I Identifying or defining relative clauses This kind of relative clause tells us exactly which person or thing we are talking about.'vam U1U-vey~.otics a hangover a topic sentence Japan alcohol an optimist B A professor. where or when. whose. The Harry Potter t:xx:Jks.1UWY. guess which word your partner is defining.) Jack lived in this house. antib. using words and phrases from 2.e.

X". increasing your depth of understanding of the fl8V>I item. 3 Putting the tips into use In pairs.e. Think in terms of both the form of the language and the meaning. a little. but regu~ times to go over new grammar again.. are the punctuation. 4 There is little hope of finding any survivors now. few. 2 Be systematic about hOw you record tle'N grammar b . You do not want to sound too formal in an informal situation. actively look for appropriate situations when you can use the language. or the opposite! b 7 Keep a ~st of the grammatical mistakes you keep making in a special part of your notebook. 2 Few people have high enough scores to be considered geniuses. 3 A little wisdom can go a lOng way. what information do you include? o >o > o c.0. e g a 1 Think of grammar as a fun puzzle and a!\-vays try to a Set short. e Finally. 2 Working with grammar a Here are eight lips to help you learn new grammar thOroughly. f • Finally. note down some grammar that interests you and use the steps in Exercise 3 to understand and record it. You can also check 'Nitl1 a grammar book. I'm not interested in this.U L. I.) Do these examples confirm your ideas? d Now check your ideas with the Language note on page 103. Brain and beauty Unit9 . of the grammar and give an example to illustrate the meaning. 4 f:.. discuss these questions.. and grammar correct? ~ ~ grammar? (Is it easy/diffJcultl\ogical7) 2 When you make notes on new grammar. 3 Remember it's not enough to know the form . You also need to understand and record the meaning(s} c '" for example. such as in order to + nfinitive: The 5 Review all new grammar regular1y or you 'Nil! forget government has increased wages in order to gain popularity before or hearing it again and again 'Nil! rep rneroory as well as . in Vllhich kind of situations. scores.. 1 What do you personally think about English D<J<] REVIEW Revtew your action plan: writing 8 short report In pairs. cross it off your 1 St. b • Look for examples of it in differenl contexts. A good w'iX'f to do this is by under1ining examples of it in texts and making by noting the form. As you read. think about these areas. word order (e. e For example: we can express purpose 'Nith connectors that are followed by an infinitive. look at these examples and follow the steps below. subject + verb + OOject). figure out the meaning first. 1 t know a few people who have really high 1. ' notes in the margin. -J ~ 3 What techniques do you use to learn new grammar? 4 What is "grammar"? b Share your ideas with the class. I already do this. whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. c Can you tI1ink of / find any other examples of these? (The text in Exercise 2b on page 102 might hep you. b Look at the list of techniques again and mark each one with one of these keys: .g. Match the tips with the examples of hOw to use the techniques.I". Seeing f " the election. d Then dlec!<: your ideas about meaning by looking for other examples to see if they fit. *= I m ight try this. g This couk:l be n a conversation or when you are writing something. record this grammar in your notebooks so thai you will remember how it is used. ACTION PIAN I> Your action plan: working with written grammar If you do not have a special notebook for grammar.sk yourself d you know wilen to use the grammar. VV11erl you don't make that mistake any more.z Z C) 01: Written grammar 1 Thinking about grammar a In small groups. create a special grammar section in your normal notebook. h Go back to your lisl from time to lime.U d . Ten minutes a day is enough. exchange and read the final written report about one of the most popular team sports in your country from Unit B. a Use the examples to try to figure out the differences between a few. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy: is the language correctly used? For example. Vv'hile you are working on Unit 10. Note: you wijU need to show a classmate the notes on the grammar that you have made in your notebook at the end of Unit 10. *** = I will try this. and little. spelling. b Compare your ideas with other pairs. L.

strange as they work in the same building. and add commas where necessary. 1 Although she answered all the questions. that had 1 We saw an interesting film last night lwl. ~ unfair. 5 he I want ' live' there ore' Jots I job opportunities He wants to live when there are lots of job opportunities. which is 2 They don 't know each other. 3 I always feel homesick' think ' friends ' my hometown I always feel homesick when(ever) I think of my friends and my hometown. hasn't it ? 4 She couldn't speak Japanese a year ago. do you? 2 Picasso and Dali are both Spanish painters. which was 5 Tbey only bought one oftheir three children a bicycle. Write the pronoun in the correct place. aren't they ? 3 It's been raining all day. (so that) She took up karate so that she could defend herself from aUack . There isn'l a bank around here. (even though) The runners all managed to finish the marathon even thouKh the weather Was terrible . 3 He woro a suit because he wanted to make a good impression at the interview. e is something I really hate! a 1IID 3W <lID sl!!l d There is a relative pronoun missing in all of these sentences. You will need to add a question word to each one. the runners all managed to fini sh the marathon. However. " which have 4 The Star Wars films . A 1 H Eating (oat) loss is 2 The childron apologizod for 3 Gettinll u~ (gel up) early 4 She denim\ 5 He doesn't mind 2~ h being (be) late. 1 I can'l imagine I he I lives on I salary I can't imagine how he lives on hislthat salary. could she ? 5 Excuse me. Then write the correct fonn of the verbs in parentheses. ironing (iron) but I hate ill c not always the best way to lose weight. music but no dialogue. a lot of women have it b Expand these notes to make complete sentences. 4 She took up karato so as to defend herself from attack. d stealing (steal) clothes from the store. a e Complete these questions with appropriate words. Where he wants to live. 2 The weather was terrible.shlng ' . is there? . 4 this country' need ' greater ' economic stability What this country needs is greater economic stability. However. there are lots of job opportunities. 'in c Match A and B to make complete sentences. Use the words in parentheses. she failed the test. 1 You don't have a car. thatlwhich 3 I hate books have long chapters.a Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one.he had finished college. they had missed thoir bus. 2 The interviewer asked I she I wanted I do I after I finish I college The interviewer asked what she wanted to do after finl. (ill order to) He wore a suit in order to make a good Impression at the interview . (however) Cosmetic surgery is very ewensive. (in spite 00 She failed the test in spite of answering all the questiON . have great special effects. "fw She's the teacher " taught me French. 5 A lot of women hove cosmetic surgery even though it is very expensive. ~ been a huge success.

.. darling. 5 Mary is reall y n very nice person but she has such Ihm lips that her smilos look fal se. and a variety of cures and remedies.my eyes start to water and they Itch badly. 2 I look so pale and I just don't have any energy. the most common of which are antibiotics. A HEALTHY LIFE Modem lite brings with It a wide range of illnesses and diseases. It gives . . in some countries (sanitary) is very poor and can result in a number of 3 ~nfect) that spread in dirty water poilu lion (pollute). . .::. . 1 He can ju mp vory high. as this is one of the main reasons !of sickness infUI:tions in the western world. foot o-{:. Cities in many countries cause problems because they have serious levels of 4 arising from the number of cars. 2 Sho can jump a long dis tance. allergic fatigued d iabetic can cerous obese strossfu l bald anemic depressed 1 I just can't feel positive about anything -l ife seems so black to me . 2 anJd. 2 I don't like my low foreh ead . 4 I never like to sec a prominent chin on a pohtlClan . 4 It happens in the spring . fatigue . Nowadays.'=~~) 3 hin knee g Complete these sentences with a noun that describes an athlete and that is related to the words in italic. abdomen ankle armpit bottom calf elbow fingers fist foot hand hoad heel hip knee Deck shin shoulder thigh toes waist wrist What are theso patients suffering from? Use the noun form oftive of the words from the box. Kids at school used to call me "Neanderthal Boy". so we really have to fight the causes of illness. Your eyelids look very heavy and yo ur eyes are bloodshot. Sho's a champion long jumper . They make him look surprised all the lime.---.:. But the more antibiotics we use.. as well as treating the symptoms. often (medicaij med icine and food. . a llergy 5 I fee l nervous and tonse nil the ti me. Ho's a weiehtlifter . the impression that they're very stubborn. chi n forehead eyelids eyebrows nose lips cars eyes mouth 1 His eyebrows arc very arched . but also from factOfies. for example.dmuession . Doctors prescribe different kinds of 5 to counter illnesses. Sho's an Olympic d iver 5 He can lift 150 kilos. In other parts of the world there are other reasons for illness. obesity .f Complete the sentences with five ohhe facial features from the box. He's a great sprinter 4 She can jump in to the water hood first from a great height. stress wrist Complete the text with the correct form of the words in parentheses. 3 I guess it's partl y poor diet and no exercise. patients are told to lead a less 1 2 sanitation stressfu l (Stress) lite It they can possibly do so. waist h Label the pictu re on the right using ten of the words from the box. 3 You need to gel more sleep. but I'm 40 pounds overwOIght. He's a great hjgh jumper . especially at work. 3 Ho can run short dis tances ve1J' quickly. Use the context to hell> you. the mare resistant the bacteria become. .

Unitl0 The world around
lesson 1
1 Speaking skill s

us
2 Reading skills
a T he following sentences come from the article below Read them and predict what the article is about. .

,I W,lin! d~ you know about waler? Take the wat erw ise qUI z and find ou\.

1 The city is lndore, in India, where [ grow up. 2 A project to draw water from the Narmada Ri ver lay unfinished for years.
3 T he city doesn't s leep easy. 4 Moreover. the water shortage is not shared equally. 5 M~ Il~oth er reminds every household member whe w IiI listen to use less water. ..........

b Read the article aud check your predictions. The sentences from 2a are missing from the start of paragra p~s A.-E. Write the numbers of each sentence "-" at the begmnmg of the appropriate paragraph.

Precious Fluid ~;
A~ It sleeps with one ear tumed to the fully opened faucets with buckets dangling from them. At the first sounds of the water's arrival through the pipes in the pre-dawn dark, bodies spring from beds to fiU buckets and pots. In the slums, people have been awake since before the first droPS arrived. Uning up, half-asleep with their pots by the communal tap, waiting. Sometimes the water runs for an hOur, sometimes just a few minutes. Sometimes the water company skips a day or two, sometimes more. B~ Several trips are made through the day to inspect the level of the tanks _ one on the roof of our house, one on the ground. The city'S poor people, with hardly any storage at their disposal, are forced to buy exorbitantly priced water brought in by tanker. Rghts erupt. There have even been murders.

e lIl

It has 1.5 million inhabitants and there has been a water problem here as far back as I can remember. Today it is estimated that the water supply to the city is half of the amount required . A rise in population and a steady decline in rainfall are usually blamed. But there are other culprits, too.

D@}

Meanwhile, Indore's streams, an histOrical source of water, were neglected and tumed into drains. The govemment's '-promise of "a faucet in every home" tums people into passive consumers of state-provided water, weakening the traditional role of communities in maintaining local water supply. The street where the rich live has lush gardens, even during the dusty Indian summer. An industrialist's mansion down thl road from my parents' house has an indoor swimming pool. ........ And then there are whole localities with either very little water or no water at all.

E!D

~ b Now listen and check your answers. c In grou ps, compare your scores. Who is the most "water-wise"? Which is the most important fact you discovered fro m the questionnaire?

.,. GLOSSARY (see opposite page)

UnitlO

The world around us

Objectives
Grammar quantifiers

Topic: water
Reading a magazine article, a quiz Ustening a conversation

Speaking
laking and discussing a quiz

Write wateron the boord. Put students in pairs and ask them to write as many uses for water as they can in one minute. Find oul which pair thought of the most uses. Possible list:

Introduce the topic

you con drink it; you can swim or dNe in it; you can water plonts with it: you can wash in it; you can hove a shower or bath in il; you can wash dishes with it; you can wash clothes/cors/windows with il; you con make fountains, pools, and ornamental ponds; you con go sailing/woterskling/windsurfing/speedbooling on il; you con put flowers in il; you can freeze it and make ice for your drinks; you con boil it and make tea; steam engines

There are many numbers in this unit, Here is how to pronounce a few. 60% = sixty per cent 1.5 liters", one point five liters 0.01% '" zero point zero one per cent (in British English, nought paint nought one per centl 2025 '" twenty twenty~five 400.000", four hundred thousand

Note on numbers

1 Speaking skills
Ask students 10 lake the quiz in Exercise la . Limil lhe lime 10 five minutes. Play the audio for Exercise l b. Ask students to Iislen and check their answers. Then let groups of students discuss the quiz. Afterwards, find out ITom the class what surprised or worried them.

@

2 Reading skills
Pul students in pairs 10 predict ITom the sentences in Exercise 2a . Ask students to read the article quickly, and find out whether any of their predictions are mentioned. Draw attention to the Glossary. Briefly, elicit answers ITom the class.

T .• ~

.~~-----------------------------------------------,
~

Put students in pairs to match sentences to paragraphs in Exercise 2b .

A lers check the answers now. B Okay. You read out the questions, and I'll give you the answer from the bock 01 the magazine. A Right. Question 1. How long can the overage person survive without water? We said b. three weeks. B We were wrong. II"s a - only three days. A Is Ihat all? Wow! Okay, question 2. What can happen if you don't drink water regularly? We said a - you develop kidney problems. B And a it is! That's correct. Question 3? A How much water should you drink every day? We said b. about half a liter. B Actually, it's a. at least one and a half liters. That's a 101, isn't it? A Yes, it must be about seven or eight glosses. I don't drink that much water. B Neither do I, but maybe we should. Okay, question 4. A Right. How much of our body is water? We said c, 60 per cent. B Thars right, c, irs about 60% water. A Good. Now, 5, approximately how much wa ter do we have in our body? We said c, 50 liters. B And we were right. C - our bodies contain obout 50 liters of water. A Well, that was okay. Question 6 was how much of the earth's surface is covered by water? We said c, 70%.

B Yeah, right again, irs over two-thirds water, so about 70%. We're doing okay. So, question 7? A 7. How much 01 the earth's water is drinkable? We said c, 10%. B ah, not so good here. The answer is b. In fact, irs less than one per cent. A Gosh, I didn't know thaI. Okay. Question 8, how much water does an overage African use every day? We said 0, five liters. B Yeah, that's right, a, five liters. A Good, and question 9, how much water does an overage American use every day? We said it would be more, so about 50 liters, b. B Well, we were wrong again. The overage American uses about 500 liters of water every day! Thors c. A Thars amazing - and frightening. How do we use that much? B I suppose in boths and using hosepipes, and washing cars - all that kind of stuff. A Yeah, , expect you're right Last question - by 2025, how many people on the planet will face a water shortage? We said 0, one third. B Well, the horrifying truth is that irs c, about Mo-thirds. Isn't that awful? A Yes. So how did we do? B Uh, we got five right and fIVe wrong, so it wasn't too bod, bull think we should really know more about things like this ..

The world around us

T l02

Unit 10

Ask students to research the article and list points under the headings in Exercise 2c. Afterwards, build up a class list of points on the board. Possible answers: The poor: lhey get up early to line up at the communal tap; they have to buy overpriced water because they can't collect water; they fight over water, and people are murdered. The rich: not affected; lush gardens and indoor swi mming pools The author's fami ly: mother reminds people to use less water; she inspects the fam ily water tanks regularly.

End this part of the lesson by having a brief class discussion about the questions in Exercise 2d.

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
Do the first as an example to get students started on Exercise 3a. Point out every household member in sentence 5 of exercise 2a, and tell students to underline it. Then tell students to find and underline other sentences with quantifiers in the text. Let students check ill pairs. Then ask them to discuss Ule questions in Exercise 3a in pairs.
Quick grammar
The problem with quantifiers is which words they go with - countable or uncountable nouns? Singular or plural nouns? And, since Ihis is often different from students' firsl languages, il can lead to many errors.

guide: quantifiers

Common problems and errors
Some nouns may be countable in students' languages and uncountable in English or ",ice verso;

-

All the furnitures 6fC comfortable. There .¥;R "
FF1~€-R

nice clothes here.

He gave me a lot of informaliofl5. Much, many, and a lot of I lots of cause confusion: He has fRI:JER money. Little and few may be interchangeable in the students' first longuoges. I have lew money,

Answers: Every household member Somelimes just a few minutes Several trips are made ... With hardly any storage , .. .. . half the flmOWlt required ... very litUe water or no water at all.

followed by countable, singular nOWI followed by a countable, plural noun - a small quantity followed by a countable, plural noun -a mediwn quantity followed by an uncountable noun · - a very small quantity followed by an uncountable noun'" followed by an uncountable noun - a small quantity followed by an uncountable noun *

*Note that. although followed by all w lcountable here, Ulese can also be followed by counlables, (hardly any people; half the students, etc.) Ask students to complete the table in Exercise 3b, then check wi th a partner. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 3c. Let students check with a partner before discussing as a class, Go through the example in Exercise 3d as a class, then give students a minute or two to read the facts and think of how they can express the facts using quantifiers. Remind them about the Language Nole. and clarify any confusion related to using/ow I a few and little I a little. Put students in pairs to discuss. Monitor and listen for accurate use of quantifiers. Afterwards, elicit from each pair their "best" sentence.

Unit 10

T 103 The world around us

c Read the article again and make notes on how the water problem affects these people. the poor the rich the aUlhor's family d Are water shortages andlor water pollution a problem in your country or region? What are the problems? Can you suggest some solutions?

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
a Find the quantifiers below in the article and the sentences in Exercise 2a. Underline the sentence each quantifier is in. Then answer the questions. every a few several hardly any half very litt le no
1

c Complete the sentences with an appropriate quantifier. 1 "Some more wine?" "No thanks. I still have some/a HIlle left." 2 It is the responsibility of even person to take care of the environment. 3 "Would you like to try the left or right shoe?" " I'd like to try .hW.h.. of them, please." 4 There are a (ew!some/seyeraJ coins left in the car. We'd better got them for the parking meter. S We get a lot of/a good deal of rain here in the summer, so the grass is very green.
d In pairs, d iscuss these facts about water. using an

Are the quantifiers followed by countable or uncountable nouns? 2 If the quantifier [s fo llowed by a countable noun, is it singu lar or plural? 3 Which quantifiors refer to a large quantity and which 10 a small quantity? correct group below.

appropriate quantifier. We Jose 0 Jot of our water because of old pipes. / We waste a great deal o[ water.

b Write the <!Uanlifiers from Exercise 3a in the

Amazing facts!
We lose 70% of our water because of old pipes.

Quantifier type Inclusive Large or medium quantities Small qua ntities Precise quantities Negative qua ntities

Examples both, either, each, ~, all many, a lot of. a groat/good deal of. seyeral some, few, ~, hardly aoy, yecr little a quarter, two-thi rds, ..llillL neither. ......lliL....., none

The average citizen in Britain uses 200 liters of water a day.

LANGUAGE NOTE Nota tha differonce betwoen Q [ew/o little and felli/little: We get a littlo rain every day. / The ground is dry because lIIe get little rain in the summer. There are a few French speakers here. / There are few speakers left of some languages. a felll/fl little", some: [elll/little = not enough

An average citizen in Mozambique uses 9 hters of water a day.

400,000 litres of water is used In the production of a car.

GLOSSARY (Procious Fluid) dangling hanging, swinging slum poor area of a town with very bad housing exorbitant overpriced, costing much more than is usual culprit person or thing responsible for something badlillegal drain passage through which water or sewage nows away lush very green nnd healthy

Over two-thirds of the earth's surface is water.

Only 0.D1 % of the earth's water is drinkable.

The world around us

Unit 10

lesson2

1 Listening skills
a Look at the picture. What do you tllink the object is? Why is tho man !ooking al it? b Choose a caption for the picture from the olles on the right. @ C Listen to Pari 1 orlhe radio program to check your answer. ~ d In pairs, guess the answers to these questions. Then listen to Part 2 and check your guesses. 1 How many pieces of man-made jWlk are there in outer space? 70,00010150 ,00 2 What kind of man-made jun k is there? mostly sateUiles and rockets, but also wrenches, gloves, cans and bags, scraps of paper, plastic 3 Who dumped it in outer space? astronauts 4 What might happen if this junk falls back onto the earth? it might disintegrate when it enters the earth 's atmosphere 5 What's the largest thing that has ever fallen back onto the earth? a space station 6 Wh o does the garbage belong to? USA, Russia, Britain, Germany
e What do you think can be done to solve the problem of "space junk"?

<DGreat Balls of Fire ®
_ one of the tWO

"T'his South
Ylrlg

®A South
African farmer keeps his '--" distance from the bomb in case it explodes.

metal obiects
that fe\\ from the skY and landed ,

white hot , on a farm near

an UnUSual Orm of the €'<lme in Which
the ball is mad

r.

oUI

PaYer is tr .

AFricans I OCcer

CapeTown.

of melal.

e

3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases
a We use of to combine the conta iners and their contents. e.g. a lube o/toothpaste.
1 Which word in the phrases below has the main stress? the container word . 2 Which word is weak. with the vowel reduced to I~I? of a can of baked beans a carton of milk a jar of honey a bailie of beer a box of chocolate a bag of chips

@

b Listen and check your answers. Then repeal.

2 Vocabu lary: containers
a in the radio p rog ram. Major Lewis mentioned cans and bags among the space junk. What might have been in them?
b What usually comes in these containers? Put lhe things in the box in the correct columns.

c In pairs, check your an swers to Exercise 2b. Say the phrases with the correct stress. A inslan/ coffee B a jar of ins/ant coffee

4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers
a What is the differe nce between a lube of toothpaste and a toothpaste tube? Label LANGUAGE NOTE the pictures with the two phrases. We do not use the plural farm in these b Listen to the phrases phrases: and re peat them. Where is the main stress in a call of ooked beans these phrases? but (looked bean can.......,.. The main stress is on the first word .

instant coffee paint jam orange juice matches wine ice cream cookies cereal mineral water soda ointment olives tools lemonade potatoes yogurt
Tn,",

C ."
paint soda

,,,
honey instant calfee jam

Carton
milk

Do.

Bottle

toothpaste bakod beans ointment

chocolate beer cereal matches wine IDOls

chips

..,

@

orange juice icecream

orange cerfllli juice wine potatoes

lemonade ointment yogurt olives

minerai cookies water soda lemonade

=-=
tube oftoothpaste

= =

----

too thpas te lube

UnillO

The world around us

2 Vocabulary: containers Encourage specu lation about the question in Exercise 2a. pausing after each phrase.. The best caption: 1. program. Here in the studio 10 throw light on the problem is Major Richard lewis. ask stu dents in pairs to look hack at exercise 2b and practice pronouncing the answers with the correct stress.• ill I The audioscript for Track 45 is on page nos ::. Ask students to listen and check.. Ask students to listen and repeat...a large metal hal! that fell from space. Model the activity briefly to preview and encourage the use of modals: I'm not sure. first put students in pairs to predict answers. Ask one or two individuals 10 repeat individually.Objectives Topic: iunk and disposing of waste Vocabulary containers Grammar modal verbs: active and passive Pronunciation stress in phrases Ustening a radio interview Speaking discussing waste Write on the board: Introduce the topic a garbage can a recycling center a wastepaper basket a second-hand clothing shore a yard sale a landfill site Ask What sort of things do we put in or give to Ihese places or things? Why? Do you pay attention to whether you get rid of your garbage or junk? 00 you recycle things? 1 Listening skills Ask students to work in pairs or groups oflmee or fo ur to discuss the picture in Exercise l a and match the caption from Exercise lb. CJ @ ~ For Exercise 1d. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. a baked bean can a honey jor a milk carton a chocolate box a beer bottle Ho" W"com. Point oul both the illustration and the Language Note. Play the audio for Exercise Ie. Now. Using realia 3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases Ask students to work in pairs to predict answers to the question s in Exercise 3a. For Exercise 3c. Then p lay the audio. Afterwards. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise le.. ond bogs. 10 Sd. irs not the first time man-made junk has fallen on to earth from outer space. we investigate a new kind of garbage called 'space junk: We begin with the mysterious appearance of two metal balls that formers in South A frica say fell from the sky near Cope Town. o can of baked beans a jar of haney a carton of milk a box of chocolate a bottle 01 beer a bog of chips The world around us T 104 Unit 10 . Space watchers say that. but J think there must be millions. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. I 46i'-. in fact. You can use them to elicit the vocabulory. cans. Play the recording again . Answer: Th e object is space junk . @ 4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers Ask the question in Exercise 4a to the class. Ask students to listen to find out if their predictions were correct. t . and point out that tube of toothpaste means Ihere is toothpaste in it. compile a list of possible explanations on the board from the class's answers. You can also use them in the pronunciation activity that follows to proctice stress in phrases... T .n" In Adlon " lodoy. and ask students to repeat chorally.~ 47"---------. then ask students to complete the table in Exercise 2b. Answers will vary. regardless of whether the tube has anything in it or not. and it seems it wan·1 be the last. Make sure students are pronouncing of with a weak stress.. jars. bottles. . Let students check answers in pairs hefore disc ussing them as a class. It is 0 good ideo to bring in 0 shopping bag of different tubes. 100. whereas toothpaste tube is describing the object. Ask students to listen and check their predictions. something falls from the sky ~ery day.

Presenter A whole space stolion! Was anybody hurt? Lewis No. And where did all this junk come ' from? Lewis Well. But this kind of thing happens every day. if possible. thonk you for joining us today. Somebody ought to make the countries take more care . they should be destroyed when they start to fall to ovoid any damage. can I begin by asking you just how much space junk is flying around up there in outer space? Lewis Well. Give them three or four minutes.500. In fact there are probably a lot more than 8. we don't know andlor we are not interested in who does the action of the verb. they're between one centimeter and 10 em in size. Presenter And whot's going to happen to all this stuff .both beca use it is followed by 10 and because it is difficult to pronounce. Make sure students say either should + verb or ought to + verb. that wrench goes out into space and becomes a piece of spoce junk..... Let students check their answers in pairs when they have finished . scraps of paper and plastic. 45'-----------------------------------------------------------~ For Exercise ld on page 104 II. but mostly we're talking about parts of satellites and rockets.. Check any problem vocabulary. that's all fascinating. After students have discussed the questions. Give students a couple of minutes to read through the table in Exercise 6b. Monitor carefully and be ready for questions.000 pieces of garbage out there. Presenter I see. like /I is necessary Ihal .. b Somebody must track all the junk . They tend to use expressions from their native languages. Presenter And how big are these . Somebody should destroy them . And what kind of things are we talking abaut? Lewis All kinds of things ~ wrenches.000 to 150. gloves.it s just that our radar can't pick out anylhing smaller than these. as happened in 1979 when a whole space station crashed inlo Australia. the United Stotes owns the mosl oboul 3. weighing about . 6 Speaking skiUs Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 6a.. and Russia is second with 2. at the Space Center at present. thankfully no one was in jured Presenter And what about this mysterious melal ball in South Africo? Lewis Well. Do the first sentence in Exercise 5e as an example. c 2 is more objective because it does not "blame" anyone by saying who should be building landfill sites. Encourage students to practice all the vocabulary introduced in this section. then have a brief discussion with the class. 5 Grammar: modal verbs + active and passive Put students in pairs to work through Exercises 5a to 5d . Oughllo is also a problem . ask them to outline the main problems and their recommendations for reducing and disposing of waste. Unit lO Tl05 Theworldaround us . Allow about ten minutes. Presenter Uh. We tend to use the passive to be impersonal and objective. Presenter One last question: who does this gorboge belong to? Lewis Actuolly. that was a very hal metal sphere. Major Lewis.000 ..000 pieces of man-made junk that are floating around the earth. uh .. The subject is somebody. we're tracking around 8. At the end. Then ask students to add to the list any ideas they can think of. 35 kilos and it landed with a loud boom in a vineyard only 50 meters or so from where some farme rs were working. Ask one student from each group to present their ideas to the class.Put students in pairs or small groups to discuss Exercises 4c and 4d . and ask them to discuss the questions.a lot of it diSintegrates when it enters Ihe earth's atmosphere but some of this Irash is going to foil bock 10 earth. cons and bags.is it dangerous? Lewis Most of it isn't . Answers: a Ought is followed by to.. Britain and Germany have only one piece of trash each that we're aware of. vote on which group had the best ideas. Presenter Well. huh. There were in fact two balls. Put students back in the same groups as for exercise 6a. Quick grammar guide: models The major problem here is Ihot many students ovoid modols in general and passive modals in particular. uh ..in other words. we think there are about 70.. At the end. Presenter And is anyone going to do anylhing about the problem? Lewis We can hope! All the junk must be tracked carefully so that we know if there are any large objects up there ~ and. Presenter Major L ewis. elicit answers from the class and clarify any confusion. let's sayan astronaut drops a wrench while he's working at the space lab.. pieces of junk? Do we know? Lewis Yes.000 items. And of course. a lot of it has been left behind by astronauts over the years during the various space missions. countries with satellites and space stations ought to be made to take more care of their things in space. well. Altogether.

discuss the fo llowing questions. discuss how waste is handled in your cou ntry or com munity. ought to be made to take marc care of thei r things in space. 1 Households that produce a lot of garbage s hould/oughlto be taxed (tax) more. a small paymont punishing people who litter or leave their garbage in inappropriate places Ways of disposing of waste burying in landfill sites burning in incinerators sending into space putting in deep oceans melting and reusing for new products.. Which one is more objective? Why? 1 The govern men t ought to build more landfill sites. 2 What do you think happened to your garbage? 3 How does your country or community deal with garbage? b In your groups. ond nlso the schools should . you shouldlought to put (put ) all vegetable and fruit waste on a compost heap. 1 What are the problems related to waste? 2 Do people try to reduco wasle? If so. In groups. Decide whether to use an active or passive form. B res. e... metal. 2 . glass. Say what you think the major problems are and make recommendations for improvement... 1 What kind of things have you thrown away in the past week? Think abou t all your waste. e Complete these suggestions with should or ought to. The world oround us UnillO . 3 Newspapers and magazines should/ought to be recycled (recycle). 2 We shouldn't/ouK nol 10 Use (usc) so hl many plaslic shopping bags when we go to the supermarket. Materia ls: plastic.. d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on pago 110. aren 'tthey? d Household packaging is a real "junk " problem . cans providing an incentive for recycling. Use the ideas in the table and your own ideas. and ecological. something else Toothpas te tubes aro made of metal. A lot of people litter because there aren't fI nol/gh garbage cans in tilt) streets. Present your ideas to the class. We think the city government alight to provide more garbage cons. which do you keep. Jllore garbage cans would help. (I Stiffer fines s hould/ouCht to be introduced [introduce) for people who litter in the street.c What arc the containers in tho taule in Exercise 2b usually made of? Discuss in pairs. A Littering is a big problem. 4 People should/ouXht 10 be encouraged {encourage} to take bottles to a recycle center.. b Rewrite the sentences with active verbs. and which do you recycle? 6 Speaking skills a General waste is becoming a huge problem today. Say what the current forms of waste disposal are and suggest some alternative forms which you feel would be practical. Answer the questions helow. When you have finished with the containers.... plastic 5 Grammar: modal verbs + acti ve an d passive a Look at these passive sentences from the listening. economical. Underline the modal verbs. in what ways? 3 How is waste disposed of! Arc there any problems associated wi th this? Problems Ways of reducing waste taxing households that produce excessive waste providing recycling facilities for more items... paper. which onos do you throwaway. they should be destroyed when they start to fa ll . Decide as a class which were the best ideas. Le. What is different about ough(! 1 All the junk must be tracked carefully .g. Who is the subject in each one? c Look at theso two suggestions. 3 . S If you have a garden. littering inefficient garuage collection too many nOll· biodegradable containers not enough garbage cam pollution of air and water from landfi lls lack of recycling centers c Make recommendations for your country or community.g. countries . 2 More landfill si tes ought to be built. e.

GM crops will be GLOSSARY biotechnology science based on cells and bacteria flourish grow weil and be healthy a rid very dry with few plants a bundant plenty of. so the s tro ng I pesticides have been used un ti l now will become a thing of the past. Student B: Read the text on page 151 and comple te the table with arguments agains t CM food. important arguments in your text. Second . 1 Vocabulary: GM food What do you know aoout genetically modified food? What are the argu ments for and against il? Use th ese words and expressions in your answers. . the first time in history that this had been done fo r a major food crop. Biotechnology is now being used to create crops that: * flourish in harsh environments such as arid land and salty soil. There are three words in each blank. such as areas thaI used to lose cro ps through I flooelinG I or extreme heat. Since four billion people (about 60% oftbe world's population) depend on rice. The pressure to feed people is rapidly intensifying.~ b Listen carefully and fill in the rest oflhe blanks. scientis ts can now p rod uce GM I cro ps I that can grow in harsh environments . proved that I that 4 It has al read y been im plantin~ I a gene can introduce sOl1s of problems into the I food chain : for example. we arc Oll now able to change the I genes I in plants. Student A: Read the text below and complete the table with argume nts for CM food. Fill the boxes with the words in Exercise 1. The world's population is now six billion and will grow to eight billion by 2020 and perhaps eleven billion by 2100. A tremendous milestone in this direction was achieved when the genome of rice was finally identified. read two arguments. and this has caused a lot of debate . * bear abundant fruit with little supervision and carei * are enriched with vitamins and minerals. 3 Reading skills a In pairs. UnlllO The world around us ._. a gene from Brazil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes . It is now possible to create "super rice" with increased fertility and resislance to disease a nd insects. 5 AnQther serious obh:<:lion is that growing GM crops in close proxi mity 10 other crops means 2 Explain why you think the y are the most that those crops wi ll be I contaminated I. This will help people who suffer from low levels of vitamin A and iron. contaminated crops flooding genes food chai n GM feed imp lanting pesticides resistant 2 Li stening skills @ a Read these sections from a debate on CM food. for and against CM food . Fo' Against GM food: the arguments for GM food has enormous potential for helping nations suffering from famine and for feeding the exploding world population. in large quantities genome the complete set of genes in a living thing I resistant to insects. T hen listen and check. which cause blindness and anemia. * require little water and fertilizer. this will have eno rmous consequences. 3 Write your partner's arguments in the other column of the table. Ie is difficult to argue against GM crops when the welfare of billions of people is involved. 1 Describe the arguments to your partner. Scientists have recentl y produced GM rice with increased vitamin A and iron content. As Y know. 3 Fi nally. 2 It is only in this way that we will be able to I feed I the world 's exploding population. 1 The issue of [I====G M ~L====I foods is a controversial one . jill I b Choose the Iwo strongest arguments fo r or against CM food from your text.

. Divide the closs into fWo equal halves. Put students in pairs. monjtor. is . Put students in groups of fou r to discliss their ideas. When Ihey have finished. Ask What does GM stand for? Whol sort of food is genetically modified these days? Hove you ever eoten GM food? Whars the law on GM food in this country? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: GM food As 8 closs. Tell them to write For (if thoy aro A).. the longuage of presenting an argument for and against is used. The oudioscripl for Track 48 is on IXlge n07 ~ The world around us T 106 Unit 10 . 2 Listening skills Ask students to fill in the boxes in Exercise 2a wilh words from exercise t . Groups A and B. in exercises 3b and 5. . You may wish 1 write the longuoge below on the board to help students do Ihis and 0 loler activities: Useful language The moin argument in favor of . or Against (if they are B) al the top of a page in their notebook. is lhal .. ask them to describe and explain their argu mellts in pairs. You may need 10 play and pause the recording to give students time to write answers. Tell students not to worry about the other blanks at this stage. Play the audio and ask students to listen and check. Let students check their answers with a partner when they have finished.. Then give studen ts a minute to prepare what thoy want to say about GM food. Group A read the text on poge 106. When students have finished. Tell UlOm they havo nvo minutes to read their text and outline arguments.. in poirs. one A and one B. is . Then play the recording again. . Make sure that thoy exchange and write down each other's information. in which students read different passages and try to put together their understanding of the text to make it whole. using a table they have coped from Exercise 3a into their notebooks.. then elicit comments from the class. The main problem with / drawback of / concern with . Group Bread the text on poge 151. Then ask students 10 stand up and find a portner from the other group who has read a different text. is . Aa students do Exercise 3b. Do the first as an example. This is a good wov of mixing students and crealing more interadion. discuss the vocabulary in the box in Exercise la .Objectives Grammar reported speech Topic: GM food Vocabulary GM food Reading Writing Ustening a debate Speaking discussing GM food a magazine orticle a discursive essay Write GM food on the board. and holp with problems. The mosl convincing orgument against . The main reason for . ask students to fill in the rest of the blanks first. In Exercise 2b. they then sit down and do exercise 3b together. In the activity and loler in the lesson.. @ @ •• 3 Readin g skills This is a jigsaw reading. walk around the class. students can check their answers with others from the some group..

Common problems and errors Forgetting to change tense. Make sure that everybody fi lls in the columns. And in answer to the argument about feeding the world . 0 gene from BraZil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes. ore changes to were. divide students into groups of four or five to completo a fo rlagainst table. will be to would be. therelore. Put students in pai rs to work on Exercises 4a through 4e.g. Quick grammar guide The main thing tho! students need to grasp when reporling speech is the ·one tense back'" tense chonge. and this has caLlsed a lot 01 debate. In some cases. lor these reasons. Anolher serious obieCtion is thai growing GM crops in close proximity to olher crops means lhatthose crops will be contaminated. GM crops will be resistant to insects. Model the activity by matching tho fi rst reported statement to the direct speech in ~xercisc 2n (section 11 as a class. and people with nut allergies are experiencing allergic readioos to these tomatoes. will become changes to would becom e. ask students to read through the reported statements. the pronoun changes. Peaple In these areas will now have enough to eat. There is often confusion between the verbs soyond felf. The teacher &9t" !fie Ihe onswers. ~~--------------~ For Exercise 2 00 Poge 106 iii. Monitor and help with questions and confusions. I disogree completely with GM crops. Common mistakes include wroog placement of to and incorred use of on objed pronoun after soy. we are now able 10 change the genes in plants.g.we can already do thot if we slop using all our land to raise CQ'NS and pigs for food. Sometimes. GM allows us to produce bask loodstuffs beller and more cheaply. My main objection is thot we really don't know what genetic modification does 10 a plant and. UnillO T 107 TheWOl"ldaroundus . First. has caused changes to !Jad caused. which should please everyone. whal it might do to animals and human beings. for or against GM food. in 1. as they will need these notes to write thei r essay. go through the answers as a class. this may prove 10101. He said thaI he it. so Ihe strong pesticides that have been used until now will become a thing of the pas!. scientists can now produce GM crops thai can grow in harsh environments. we are pulling them into a position where they wilt no longer be able to grow non-GM food. 5 Writing skills In Exercise 5a. from are to were. F urthermore. Ask students to follow the inslmctions in Exercise sd to write thei r ind ividual essays. II has already been proved that implanting a gene con introduce all sorts 01 problems into the food chain: lor example. Mon The Issue 01 genetically modified loods is a controversial one. Ask the groups to decide what their viewpoint is. Answe rs: Changes: Verbs go one tense back. As you know. In 2.4 Grammar rev iew and extension: reported speech [n Exercise 4a. e. but my agreement stops there. e. Woman I agree with the first speaker that the issue 01 GM crops is controversial. My opinion is that GM crops will be with us lorever. II is only in this woy that we will be able to leed the world's exploding population. This could be sot for homework. Second. we changes to they. fired. He lells ~ me to be quiet. At the end. Finally. for very good reasons. etc. in 1. such as areas that used to lose crops through flooding or extreme heal. by forcing GM crops on poorer notions.

. . "- They bad already started the trials. report other things that the author said. and that had caused a lot of debate.. claim . Find the direct speech in Exercise 2a. Modals: can. argue. c Usc your answers to Exerciso 4b and your knowledge of reported speech to complete this table. Also use the plan for writing on page 47.Simple present "- eM food bas enormous potential.Simple past Direct Reported: ' .g. 1 The man claimed that they were able to change the genes in plants. He said we . '. e Look at the text you read in Exercise 3a... section 3 3 The woman explained that implanting a gene could introduce all sorts of problems into the food chain. Scientists have rocently produced GM super rice. c Go through the arguments for and against GM food in this lesson and sum up your position. Reported: He said they . ' . We should all be aware of the problems.. tell. In pairs..Present perfect Direct: Reported: Past perfect '-Direct: . b How do these arguments fo r and against relate to your country? Agree on the greatest threats and opportunities that GM food represents for your country. section 1 2 He predicted that the strong pesticides that had boon used unlit now would bocome a thing of the past. Use the information in this lesson and your own ideas. Your essay should have four paragraphs and be between 200 and 250 words long. section 5 b In pairs. Write them in the for/aga inst table in Exercise 3a. Direct: "- Present progressive Direct: We IlJ'(l not saying that all eM crops are dangerous. and list tho changes you find. explain. He said tbey . section 4 4 She argued that growing GM crops in close proximity to other crops meant that those crops would be contaminated.4 Grammar review and extension: reported speech a Look at these reported statements from the debate in Exercise 2. compare the direct speech sentences in Exercise 2a with the reported speech above. e.. predict. The developed world can help tho third world... Theworld around us Uni!10 . He said .. They exported food from Ethiopia. Reported: He said GM food had enormous potenlial. Reported: He said they were . say. He said . will. should Direct: Reported: Direct: '-- Reported: Direct: Reported: d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 110. The world's population will grow to eight billion by 2020. 5 Writing skills a In groups . He said scientists . Use different reporting verbs. think of as many reasons as you can for and against eM food... d Write a discursive essay with the title Is GM food a positive or negative development? Follow the notes below and use you r notes for this lesson. Paragraph 1: introduce the topic Paragraph 2: list the arguments for GM food Paragraph 3: list the arguments against GM food Last paragraph: summarize your viewpoint and conclude the essay.. ..

change in land use. In others . etc.. odorless. e.7 l degrees in the last 150 years. Th e teacher will di vide the class into two groups. there will be no w ater. Can yo u answer an y of them? • • • • • • • • What exactly is t he green house effect? A Is climate change a natu ral or human-caused phenomenonWhat are the possi ble effects of cli mate change? B '--' Wilt there be any benefits associated with climate change? B How much climate change has been observed up till now? Is pl anting more trees a way of solvi ng global warming? B '--" Are there any alternatives to coal and oil? B Who is responsible fo r greenhouse gas emissions and climate change? B • How do scientists estimate the climate of the futu re and how reliabl e are their projections? A • What are the current estimates for 21st centu ry cli mate change? A 1 Warm u p a Match these key words with the defin itions. Of these. Globally. a region. which is a ma jor cause for concern. Group A text The greenhouse effect is the orocess where heat js unable to escape from the earth's atmosphere.. rainfall .- 'r--' I Wha t is globa l warming? The earth's temperature has risen by 0. Scientists believe the m ain reaso n for Ihis is that we are putting too much 2 ~ into the 3 atmosphere .. Scientists estimate their predictions for the future ~ knowledge of historical climate Change and comp uter models of the climate system . t UnillO The world around us . only desert. Some scientists believe the temperature is going to continue rising.. The greenhouse effect is caused by both natural and human activity. Answer your partner's questions. such as carbon dioxide. 1 global warming b 2 CO2 (carbon di oxide) c 3 Prepare a You are going to look for the answers to some of the questio ns in a short text. Grou p B: Read quickl y through the text at the bottom of the opposite page. You have only three m inutes to do this... greenhouse gases... of a country. and greenhouse gases all cause climate change. Studies carried out by scientists into climate change in the last century show that volcanic activity. it mean s the sea level will rise Ilnd in some cou ntries thi s w ill cause catastrophic flo od ing. but some people say 4 global warming is a m yth they say there have always been 5 cl jmate changes on earth and it's too earl y to say w h ether this parti cular change is part of a norm al cycle or something unusual. have seen a four degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. c Work in pairs of A and B students. b Put a check (. hot or cold . Can you an swer all the questions n ow ? '--' 3 atmosphere e 4 degrees a 5 climate d 6 weather f a un its that are used for measuring temperature b the increase in te mperature that has been taking place in recenl years v '--- "---' c a colorless. \.. such as Alaska.5-1 0.4 degrees Fahrenheit. Group A: Read quickly through the text below. - \.g.. Ask yo ur partner the questio ns that your text didn't answer and take notes. If globa l warm ing is really h appening..lesson4 Climate change > 2 Task Read these frequent ly asked questions about global warming. or the earth e the air around the earth f temporary conditions in the air..... These p redictions are based on a number of factors and are not absolute. which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. ) by the questions in the list above that your text answ ers and make brief notes about them. sunny or rainy b Fill in the blanks in the text with fiv e of the key words. non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of the air d the normal temperatures. r l It---- .. The latest predictions for the 21st century are for an increase of 2. have been the main causes of climate change in recent years. air temperature increased by one degree Fahrenheit in the 20th century but some regions.. The rise in temperature is called global warming.

making a group of four. and write them on the board. Ask Do you think this is Q serious problem? What factors ore causing global worming? Elicit as many suggestions as you con from students. Ask students to read and check the questions in Exercise 2 that their text answers. present perfect F AOs on a Web site F page AQ Write global warming on the board.. The world around us T 108 Unit 10 . the other half B. divide the class into groups of four. and give them one more minute to compare answers one fmal time. Ask students to read the text in Exercise l b quickly for a general understanding before fill ing in the blanks. Give students one minute to read and nole answers to the questions. first conditional. t . 3 Prepare If you haven't done so already. The best way to do this is to ask students to stand and then find and sit with someone who has read a d iffe rent text. Label half the groups A. going 10. Let students briefly check answers with people in their group. 1 Warm up Ask students to match words and definitions in Exercise la . Then put one pair with another pair. 0 2 Task A good way of doing this is a pyramid discussion. then check with a partner. Ask the pairs to discuss their texts until they can answer all the questions.Objectives Grammar Topic: climate change Vocabulary climate change Reading extracts from a science book. Then put them in pairs and give them one mar£! minute to compare answers. an Writing Ustening a college seminar wifl. Divide the class into pairs of A students and B students.

noting mistakes and prompting students to use the phrases they have studied. Answers: 1. so there's a lot of disagreement in the scientific world about global worming. they estimate on the basis of historical climate chonge ond computer models of the climate system. who's responsible for all these emissions and climate change? Tutor GreenbOuse Iloses bove been increasing since the Induslrjal RevoluJjOD two hundred years ago. 4. Ask the first question then briefly improvise a conversation with the student. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa.<. thanks. and wove energy. 49'_-------------------------------------------------------------------. A good example of the effects is the balance of woler: water resources wilt increase or decrease. 9. thanks. Developing countries that don't have the money ta search for alternative sources of fuel will produce more greenhouse gases tban the United States and Europe. and I'm sure you're aware of them . let me give you some examples the usg at cm god gircraft filel lactorv emissions gases IISed in freez ing 01[ of th ese add to greenhoUSE Illlses and couse climate change. Student 2 What I can't understand is why everyone thinks a rise in temperature is bad . what exactly is the greenhouse effect? Tutor Okay. Monitor carefull y.lhe signs me worrying gnd we'd be foolish tq iQ nme lhem Tutor The 21st century? They soy there'll be on increase of between 2. 10. Ask students to look at the phrases. Student 2 I don't understand wove energy. •• Answers: Additional information is underlined in the audio script. using one or Iwo of the phrases from Exercise 6. 3. Student 4 What ore scientists prediding about this century? ""'Student 2 But is it all bad? Wan" there be any benefits from climate change? Tutor Not many. Tell them to take turns asking and answering the questions in Exercise 2. Stop the audio after each question and remind students what numuer they are on. yes. ineilJde volcanic activity for example. is milch worse. 6 Notice . yes. let me explain a lillie certain gases ow 1ffi!llale aad trop tbe beat like a barrier Ibot tbe beal con't QeJ lhrouah So Ihe heal is lurned bgd: jnlo tbe gtmosphere and the tempergture rfses Is thgl clear? Student 1 Yes. 00 ils owo Ibis jsn't enot I~b to stop or even reduce global wmmiM IhouQh we hove to cui down on our production pf greenhouse QQsgs Whallhgr megns is we hgve to stoP using fossil fuels Student 3 Are there any alternatives to cool and oil? Tutor Well. we don't really know. but haw do they know it will continue? How do scientists estimate the rate of climate change? Is it reliable? Tutor Well. f 0 make electricity Understand? Student 2 Yes...•. But what exoclly causes this global worming . In re<ent years. increasing the forest meas will help to slow down global worming because plants and trees reduce tbe effe<ts of carbon dioxide. which means the countries of lhe developed world hove been mostly responsible for greenhouse gases sa for. Put students in pairs. everyone. so lhere'li be mgre floods and droughts Seq levels will rise jn some cOQstgl megs gnd some low-lyiM islgnds mgy be lost completely under the hot to extremely cold. 5. pot1iculgt1y in dry megs wh ere there'll be mme rgin Student 3 How do we know about this? I mean.. Discuss the answers as a class.there's wind energy. 7. 7 Follow up Model the activity brielly with a good sludent. Is it reliable? Well. but the pidure isn't all black.it sounds great to mel So whO! are the effeds of climale change? Tutor Well. Student 3 So. 8 . Ask students to listen and order tho FAQs. Tutor TbO hmnessinQ the power O the tides ond 'Ising it 1 t<. 4 Feedback Briefly discuss the results with the class. Moderate global worming will favor some fmmers. the ice ages.5 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit. let me put it like this . Tutor Good morning. how much climate change has been observed? Tutor In the 20th century. Now. Before we talk serious~ about the next block of work do you hove any questions on climate change? Student 1 Yes. that is huge and very worrying.. Naruml (mise. solar power. The climate of the earth has changed many times in the post. 6 Play the audio again. and discuss their use with a partner. The greenhouse effe<t is the process in which heat can't escape from the earth's atmosphere and which causes the temperature of the earth to rise. con you tell us ogain. going fram extreme~ Uoit lO T 109 The world around us . I'm ofraid. but some regions like Alaska have seen 0 four-degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. bUl lbesg sources of power need to be developed. especially if the trend continues. thars much bener. such as effects on the migration of birds sgme species at birds will be forced tq migrale tq different plgces gnd some won'l need 19 mimgle gnymme so it upsets the balance of nature. LeI students compare the notes they make with a partner before going through UlC answers as a class. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissioDs. Is that okay? Student 3 Yeah. But humgn activiJ:. I think we'd better get on to . Student 1 Con't we stop this? I've heard that planting Irees is a way of solving the prablem. Play the audio one more time. but the future is likely to be different as we become more aware of the problem. there are some pretty bad effects. air temperature increased by about one degree Fahrenheit. The rise in temperature is called global worming. Okay. 2.is it natural ar human? Tutor The green bouse effect is coused by both natural and human activity. Tutor Well.

Some areas will have more water and more synshine.. Group B text Climate change will force some species of birds to migrate: water resources will increase or decrease.. or chock 011 understanding? 1 Lei me explain . two hundred years ago. however. we must cut down on OlIr production of carbon dioxide. but on its own this is not enough 10 stop global warming. introduce aD example Tell the class how many questions you could answer. 7 Follow up [n A and 8 pairs. How are these phrases used? Docs each one introduce an example..4 Feedback . cla rify something 2 Is that clear? check on understanding 3 A good example o r . ask and answer the FAQs again.. clarify something Understand? check 011 understanding 8 Let me give you some examples. There will. and use the phrases from Exercise 6. which is possible but must be done gradually: coal and oil can be replaced over a period of lime by wind energy and solar DOWer. 1 00.. 6 Notice ~ Listen to the seminar again.. Moderate warming will fayor some fanners... introduce an example 4 5 6 7 Is that okay? check on understanding Let me put it like this . clarify something.. such as replanting and increasing the area of the wortd's 0 forests.. there will be more floods and droughl .. in the fu ture. clarify something What that means is . developing countries like India and China will produce more greenhouse gases than the United Stales and Europe.. 5 Compare Listen to a college seminar about climate change.which in turn will cause infectious diseases to spread...) Listen again and make notes of any additional infomlation to an swer the questi ons. However. . Sea levels will ri se in some coastal areas.. which of course means that the countries of the developed world so far bear the main responsibility for greenhouse gases. For this to happen. Climate change is not entirely new: greenhouse gases have been increasing since the Industrial Revolution. (The words may be slightly different. In recent years. This time..... Ask about any questions you were unable to answer. be some benefits.. \. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissions. One way to do this is to cut down on our use of fossil fuels like coal and oil.. '--. because plants and trees reduce Ihe effects of carbon dioxide. The world around us .. try to make your answers as full as possible. There are ways of attempting 1 slow climate change.. Number the FAQs in the order you hear them . There will be heatwaves and more air pollution...

ca l food honey. yogurt.. ought to. He said I ought to """". You should listen to her. Neil Armstron g said this was one small step fOT a man .. (an objective suggestiorv'recommendation) Should and ought to in the passive are often used for rules: 2 GM food biotechnology contaminate crops feed flood food chain gene genome GM Implant pesticide resistant Find five GM word s to match these definitions . Precise 1 half (o~ quantities 2 a quarter I or UI'lCOlI'ltabie 1 si1guIar/pk. neither of the books Choose t he correct quantifier.. VoJhen we make suggestions or express obligations using the passive. i. this place . I ~ she and we ... She said she had heard of that pIaco... Columbus daimed he had discovered a new land.g. butter chocolate.to'" Large or . Some modal verbs change in reported speech: Quantifiers Followed by noun 1 plural COLf1table Examples 1 both books 2 either book We can find it . lemonade. e... .. ~ She said she had had an idea. ~ She said she was thinking about it. e. peanu t bu tt er milk. like 'ther each 0 hem. Caesar said he had com e. had seen.uncoco_ 1 "I have discovered a new land. it is better to use a variety of verbs when reporting speech. (the speaker's opinion) B. soda. . I don'.. 4 "I have a dream. chips. """'" 4 ""'" book 5 an the books I compJete the form.g. They said they could find it. shaving cream candy peanut butter envelOpes butter sardines detergent oil shampoo cat food More ought to be invested in road-building.. many .g said . ~ She said she had an idea.... wine. 3 each book The modaJ verbs. . tomorrow .... paint. However. 1 Wool u like~ neither of these coats? No.. Report these st atem ents..Xltabie none 01 the books I none of . cookies Add these item s t o th e correc t column. Adverbs of place and time often change too. 3 Reported speech In reported speech the verb usually changes tense.. and moves one step back Into the past: I have an idea. and had cOOiluered ..@) some my friends but only fffW ~f them came to the party. Bo." Caesar said . potatoes. s hampoo . . bo1I1 meet you tomorrow. animal. ointment baked beans.. The most common reporting verbs are say and Ieli.r 3 (a) little 4 hardy any quantities ". He said I should hsten to her... I have had an idea. c andy. we don't see it as being imposed by the speake(: You ought to IIlV6St more in road-bUilding. Bottle '-' 2 Modal verbs + active and passive We often use the paSSiVe after modal verbs: beer. " Martin Luther KJ-. oil . lemonade.e. 3 "I'll lOve you forever. and would do not change: You ought to compiete the form . We will .. I'm thinking about it. . many books 2 a lot of books I a lOt of money 3 a great deal! a good deal of money 4 several books 1 some books I some money 2 (a) few books 3 (a) little money 4 hardly any books I 2 a 101 01 medium quantities 3 a great deal! a good deal of 4 several Sm all 2 pllI<II COU'ltabie or uncountable 3 uncountable 4 pural countable 1 plural countable or uncountable 2 plural countable 3 uncountable 4 p/lxal countable pkxal COlJ'llabie Remember that the pronouns in reported speech often change. k:e cream. envelopes We can use the COlI'ltabie quantifiers with a pltral noun if we add of the: each of the books. .ral COLf1table or two-thirds of Negative q uantities ' ''' 2 rl9Ither 3 rona Of the money no book I no books I ro money """""- 2 sngJIar countable 2_ 3 3 pItxaI countable or lI'lCOI. ~~ . . . I saw. She said she had been thinking about/to Unit lO The world around us . 1 a chemical used to kill insects pesticide 2 harm a substance by passing or spread ing chemicals to it contami nate 3 give food to feed 4 the complete set of genes in a living thing genome 5 put something into a person. hardy any money 1 half (oQ the books 2 a quarter of the 1 2 "I came.." Columbus claimed he .g.Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of quantifiers Type Inc lusive The past perfect does r"IOt change: I had heard of this place. They said they would meet us 2"''''' 3_ 4 ""'" 5 aI ~he) 2 sOgUar COLf1table J singtJar COU"Itabie 4 SirlgLW COlI"lIabie 5 plural coootabIe or the next day. shaving cream . d etergent Seat belts should be worn at all times. tOOls. argue... instant coffee. I conquered." J" Carto n AJI student in class should have a textbook. sardines. or a plant implant Cars should not be parked on the sidewalk. predict. 3 I invitee. announce.. mineral water.. orange juice. admit. 4 She doesn't ha~ a little friends in her town.. Romeo swore that he would love Juliet forever. claim... 2 E c.. the suggestiorv'obIigatiOn is ~ive.. cereal.. Mart in Luther King sai d he had a dream. e . 5 "This is one small step for a man.. matches. that place. should. Ihe next day. I was thinking about it ... home 2 (a) fev. money Vocabulary Summary 1 Containers Tube toothpaste. JUliet!" Romeo swore . olives. they in the examples above." Neil Armstrong said . jam.. both of the books.

d Exchange your work w ith a partner.!: ~ ~ z - C) Editing your work 1 Thinking about writing a Make a list of all the different types of things you have written in English.6er GLOSSARY draft {of a lext] unfinished stage in developing writing proofread read something to find and mark errors for correction b In pairs.m. Ii. 3 Editing a text a In pairs.can you improve each other's methods? CompeO/ltg a fYa'rnmtLy ~ 'W~ng a ~ m an b Compare your list with a partner. Rewrite the text and produce your final essay. Note: you will need to show a classmate the final version of your paragraph and your drafts at the end of Unit 11 .rtanl !:c 'wrJe '" """""". organize the ideas that your g roup thought of. c When you are ready. . The paragraph should be no more than 120 words long.. Compare ways of record ing . how you worked out the ru les and meaning... The world around us UnitlO . write the last paragraph of an essay about reading in English. spelling. The first sentence is: b Together. c Read the text written by a person studying EngliSh. it is important to read for a number of reasons.sh eMm o >o --' LU > LU o CL text. Reorder them according to the most efficient way of writing an essay. and punctuation carefully. brainstorm and note ideas for this parag raph. Ji><1 '" alt. 4 Applying the stages a The student who wrote the essay in Exercise 1 did not finish the last paragraph. First of all. dd-fl.. go back to the essay in Exercise 1 and edil it. correct ing all the errors you found. Look at the stages below. rewrite the essay. checking grammar. l'/"r"J:mg on [~ can hJy Ie 'W!¥)f a n1l. write the paragraph individually.Oi!l:. and show your partner how you recorded it. III a III b iii c III d IKI e Organize your ideas into a structure with a beginning. Revise your first draft and check for structure and content. 2 Exploring the stages involved in writing an essay There are a number of recommended stages in writing a formal essay. Read the essay litle or question carefu lly and decide why you are writing it and who you are writing it for. A. a middle. and an end.!lIuYug!. c Exchange your revised essay with another pair of students. the grammar the spelling the content the structure punctuation Student A: Look at the grammar and the content. and structure. You w ill need to look at all 01 these features very carefu lly. Explain the grammar you looked at. Gan they improve your wriling? ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: editing your work Using the recommended stages in Exercise 2. Proofread your final essay. discuss what you find difficult abOut writing in English. Read their version of the essay and improve it if you can . look at the notes on g rammar that you made at the end of Unit 9. I<l<l REVIEW Review your action plan: wonting with written grammar In pairs. (Do not worry about the errors in the 0<:: :::) [ngt. . Student 8: Look at the spelling. Use the stages in Exercise 2 to help you. Give it a title. Write your first d raft from the beginning to the end.) d Is this student's experience of writing in English the same as yours? If not. They are in the wrong order. The paragraph begins: Although reading in English can be very difficult. is ~?np. Keep all your d raft texts as well as your final version. how is it different? e In groups.. Conclude the essay in one or two sentences. punctuation. lEI f ~ g Brainstorm ideas that are relevant to the question. In groups. Ust a number of reasons to support the argument..

Despite the number of similar shows now produced. The young would·be stars in recent episodes have been competing to see who is going to represent the U. M. if there's 5 of young people locked up in nothing better or a house together for several A big yawn. so everyone wanls to see them. Can the participants survive on what they find on the island? What will they eat? This hasn't been running as long as the other shows. very entertaining. and it shows some promise. discuss these questions. 1 Which of the shows sounds the most interesting as a TV show? Z Which reality shows have you seen'" \Vh did you watch them? . K 2 People talk about them. none has beaten the original idea. M (Myriam) or p. showing for more than ten ** OK for a couple 0 years.I Read tho reviews of four reality TV shows. excitement prom ise {nl (here] potential to do well 40 A group of unknown musicians spend all their time in an academy. Unit 11 Medio . Chan¥ weeks and filmed for 24 hours a day ."'-' miss it.is as fascinating as ever and still claims a 10 prime· time slot in the evening. but the action takes place on a beautiful Pacific island . this show hasn't managed to generate much excitement in spite of the good-looking cast and the provocative theme. h Road tho reviews again. Quite frankly.of 1 . 1 1 What kind arTV shows do you think they come from? Z \o~h at makes people wanl to appear in this kllld of show? Z Readin g skills .a group episodes. ThiS was the first modern *** Very interesting. Below are some reasons for the popu larity of reali ty TV shows. P 5 These shows give people a kind of power over olher peop le's lives. Choose the rating you think the reviewer gave each show. Match each rev iew with one orthe pictures. in the Pan -American Song Contest. training to do concerts. * the channel. K 1 Rea lity T V shows arc something new. More than one person may give the same reason. Switch to the big movie on ChannelS instead. c Figure out tho meaning of the followin" words and oxpressions from the context. Gripping stuff! 2 1. Who gives these reaso ns? Write K (Kate). This is hugely popular. c In yo ur opi nion . y :4 Would you ever take part in one of these shows? Why? I Why not? 20 3 Liste n i ng skilis ~ It Two spoiled young rich girls leave their posh Beverly Hills homes to go and live in a small town in Arkansas. reality show and it has been worth watching. 3 Listen to a phone-in program. GLOSSARY p rov~calive 25 30 C** Another one In the theme of "put a group of young people together and see what happens". They like gossip. 4 P **· 35 causing comment. but the beautiful setting is not enough to stop boredom taking over after a while. what is the fascination of re~ lit y TV? ~~y w~ether you agree or disagree With Ih e oplll lOns III Exercise 3b.1 Speaking skills Look at the pictures and answer the questions.S. The concept .Ieollie are watching in the evening 2 gnppl~lg sluff (line 13) exciting SUbjllcl 3 cast (lllIe 21) people appearing in the s how 4 switch to (line 22) change channels 5 sett ing (line 32) placellocation 6 would-be slars (line 38) people who wan I 10 be fam ous 1 B* *" **** Excellent . P 3 People like scandal and watch in case anyt hing happens! M 4 People get involved in the shows. " 1 primo-timo slot (line 10) a time in when il lot . Which of the shows in the pictures are mentioned? ~ b Listen again.5 A d III groups. There they have to cope with living on a farm and working in a fast-food resturant . (psyc hologist).de. P G People are nosy. and the winners have become national superstars with their albums. anger. Reality TV on your screens this week Adrian Soloman reviews the current reality TV shows.

Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise 3c. ask studen ts to listen to the audio again and put the correct letter next to each reason. talk show. documentary. Ask students to listen an d say which shows are mentioned . Lei stude nts check their an swers in pairs before discu ssing them as a class. People want to be fa mous. want to have a career in the media. want to win a lot of money. quiz show. drama series. Do the first one as on example. Answers: Big Broth er (8). The audiascript for Track 50 is on page nl3 :ill Media T 112 Unil ll . want to test themselves in difficult circumstances. Ask Whal pon of speech is if? Answer: compound adieclive and noun. Ask How often do you walch TV? Who! kind of programs do you walch? What kind of programs do you never watch? TV programs: news and current affairs. soap opera. Elicit as many different types of programs as you con from students. Ask students to find prime-time slot in the text ond underline il. breakfast TV Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Put students in pai. Guessing meaning from context 3 Listening skills Play the audio fo r Exercise 3a.Objectives Grammar present perfect progressive Topic: reality TV Reading a TV program review Writing Ustening Speaking discussing TV a review of Q TV show a radio phone-in programs Write TV programs in the middle of the board. Let students work in pairs to discuss words and expressions in Exercise 2c. lifestyle program. Answers: Reality TV programs. Ask What clues in the sentence help you figure oul/he meaning? Answer: In Ihe evening tells students that a prime-time slot must be a ·slor in the evening lV schedule. Allow them to check their answers to Exercise 2b in pairs. Then have them share answers with the whole class. •• Show students how to guess what the words mean by looking at context. sitcom. •• 2 Reading skills Allow four min utes for students to do Exercise 2a. and write them on the board. Ask studen ts to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d in groups of four or fi ve and then have a brief class discussion . American Idol (0) In Exercise 3b . realily TV.rs to discuss the questions in Exercise 1 briefly.

and which are not that interested. They've mode a lot of those shows in the lost lev. like. Host Why do you think these reality 1V shows ore so popular? Myriom Well. The viewer hopes that maybe.. you know who! I mean? Host Yes. Host Thanks very much. Here in the USA. Host Ah. Another common error is using the present perfect progressive fo r a finished event in the recen t post with a time reference: I J. Big Brother. Lead in briefly by eliciting names of popular reality TV programs that have been shown recently or are on currently. in Spain 01 least. so why don't you give us a call and give us your toke on reality 1V? Now lers go to our first coller. perhaps. of course. some juicy gossip might come out. When they are ready. Unit 11 T 113 Media . It's coiled The Academy. Of. you know.and this. Irs sod but true. as well. Today we're talking aboUllY. and they forget aboutlhe cameros. Professor Weinberg. Find out which students a re "hooked" on these shows. OIer there "Gran Hermono: you know. In lad. knows little about them. Host Whot about reality 1V shows in Mexico? Are they popular? Host You mean we love to be nosy? Weinberg RighI. Weinberg And there's one more factor. this is what often attracts people to shows like Blind Trusl . we've been watching reality TV since the earty days of Condid Comero in the 1940s. Now. or something might happen in the bedroomsadly. one day. and rea~ty TV in particular. I think we humans ore fascinated by prying into other people's lives. Before leaving the topi c . thars it _ people who wont to be pop stars are auditioned. we've also been wotching a show obout young artists. because the people in it still go about their lives. the present participlel is different from the present perfecl simple in that it emphasizes duration and unfinished activity Common problems ond errot'$ Students may use a simple presen t tense to refer to something that started in the past and tha t continues up to now.. like in Big Bro/her . ever since the arrival of Big Bro/heron Dutch 1V. good morning and welcome 10 the show. of course. Ask them to tell you which form is being used in each example. Then try to pair enthusiastic reality TV fons with a partner who. is also what the program makers hope. remind students to read the Language Note. Encourage pairs to comment on each other's work. Host Now. at some point. course. Kate? Kate I think irs. so everyone wants to see it. And of (ourse we hod Big Brother. Kate .4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive Have students read the examples in Exercise 4a. then ask students in pairs to match forms to rules.~--------------------------~ for Exercise 3 on Page 112 " Host Welcome back to liveline. But you know whars really popular in Mexico? Irs that kind of discussion and debate show. but in the rest of the world Reality TV has become a big thing in recent years. on the line I have Myriom Sanchez from Mexico. good morning to you. Ask students to ch oos e the best forms in Exercise 4d. it wos something nfNI . so lers ask her the some question. Kate Good morning. _ periect~ The present perfect progressive (have + been + -ing.. Myriom That's been running for years now.fJ"e eeeR we(~Rf/ lote losl week.. people get incredibly invotved in them. I think there are several reasons. where English would use the present perfect: l /We in Buenos Aires since 1995. Quick grammar guide..' years. over several months _ it's been massive in Spain. MVOOm Well. who is in the States doing her Masters Degree. then trained. The program where they voted on the first series was probably the most watched program eNer _ and mode front-page nOW'S on every nOW'Spaper. How do you explain the enormous popularity of rea lity 1V? Weinberg Well. even the mosl serious. wos incredibly popular. Host RighI. Host Right. Kate. welcome to the show. I gather we have a psychologist on the line. Myriom Hi. I see. so it really has spread around the world. as your previous coller said. Neil. We love to watch others go about their doily lives while we're sitting there.. have you been wotching all these real ity shows? Kate Wel l. Myriom. Kate. Kate.. Host Yeah. The olher big hH is "Operoci6n T n'unfd" . Myriom . yes. thars really interesting. they kind 01 control people's lives. in a game? Weinberg You mean like in Big Brolhet1Yes.and also because everyone's been talking about it. I just got bock. I've been living in Spain. chosen. the main reason was the nove~ value . _on 5 Writing skills Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise Sa . Kate . Now. attemative ~.. Host Why do you think thot is. Ask each pair to follow the steps in Exercise sb to write their review. You see... we also like to control other people and hove some influence on their lives. ask pairs to swap r eviews. This morning we wont to know who! you think. wotching them! Host Even though those lives are.W'ho is staying on the show or who has been voted oft. a bn like our American Idol . some of them. Thank you. on the solo. like Cristina-those are the most popular ones. I also think people liKe the power that voting gives them. Point out that the easiest way to organize the review is to organize it under the headings in exercise Sa .

negative. 4 Write your review together. c Swap your review with another pair. b Use your answers to write simple or progressive in the rules . It's very popular.. Make notes of any other information that you might wan I to include..'. c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 120. 5 They've made a lot of those shows in the last few years. m on 5 5 Wri ting skills a In pairs. answer the following questions about a reality TV show you both know. (l'wo of the examples match one explanation. 1 Look at the reviews in Exercise 2.. Do you know the show thai they wrote about? Do you agree with their review? LANGUAGE NOTE It is possible with some verbs to use both the present perfect simple or progressive: I've lived here / I've been living here for len years. We use the present perfect progressive to focus on the continuation or the duration of an activity.:"rrr~::re: Peace. 2 Decide how to organize your review: which information comes first I at the end? 3 Is your review going to be positive. the w inners have become national 1 I've learned ~ 'I'e been leu min panish for five years but I"m s I no vm' ood! 2 [ 'm not feeling well rve been coughing I've coughed all day. c This focuses on a completed action with a result in the present. 'o... Sam has worked I has been working for me since I star/ed the company. b This focuses on the continuation and I or the du ration of the action. d This focuses on the number of times the action has been done.. 4 Big Brother .4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive a Look at these examples from the reviews and the phone-in. d Choose the best form of the verb in the following sentences. 1 What is the aim of the show? 2 Where does it take place'? 3 What kind of people take part? (the public? celebrities?) 4 How do they spend their time? I What do they have to do? 5 What is the public opinion of the show? 6 What is your opinion of the show? b Follow these steps to write a brief review of the show with your partner. or balanced? Think of a few suitable ad jectives to describe the show. 3 ['ve been seeing € e seli!YBig Brolher only four ·mes.. 2 . Match the examples with the explanations below. 3 I've been living in Spain.) 1 It has been showing for more than ten years. really has spread around the world. then check it and edit it. 4 superstars . Media Unit 11 . We use the present perfect simple to express repeated actions and completed actions. a This focuses on an action that is completed. We usually do this with verbs that express actions tha t continue over quite a long time..".

1 How do you p lay these games? What do you have to do to win? 2 I-low many different kinds of video games can yo u th ink of..3 Readi ng skills a D0.. dlscus~ the queslion and check the possible e ffects that Video games might have. 'l1.. he has video games cause violent 20 carried out exper iments behavior: 57% of Americans with 240 people aged six to questioned thought there 29 . 1 Speaki ng skills L~ok at the video games on this page. they should '--'( persuade them to spend less 30 . cause and motivation for the "killings to some of the 45 15 Professor Akio Mori has been conducting research violent games.S..e damage can be the process of suing games .. permanent . . video games over a long doesn 't think that violent period of time.-/ parents want their kids to have imagination and confidence. The next question is "What kind of people do video games attract?" What do you think? Liston to Pari 3 and see if the expert's opinion is the same as yours. 5 make you less creative. But the into the effects of playing general public in the U. you because they attribute the don't necessarily get better. e. yo u ...S.... become more irritable and schools..g.. sports? 2 Listening skills @ a ~a lch the tilles with the types of games the box.. 3.. combat... Video games: bad for your health? GLOSSARY nltentlon Silan the amount of time a person can focus on something without thinking about something else nttrihute (vh) believe something is responsibJu for A situation or event Unil l1 Media ... DIscuss the questions.. If "-... they causing violence in U..and discovered that was no connection between when someone is playing a violence in high schools and .if you StOp companies for $130 million playing video games. Parents of high!O find it difficult to make school murder victims are in ~ friends.... I 1 2 • magic lorror sports heroic action In ~ b The game designer is asked "What is it that makes these video games so popular?" What do you think? Listen to Part 2 and see if the expert agrees with you.. movement and eyesight but 25 very little thinking... Then listen to a video game designer talking about the games and check yo ur answers. Video games can make the p layers: more irritable IiJ more violent more depressed 0 more lonely less crealive less sociable less intell igent 0 Jess confi dent fiJ i IE' b Read the newspaper article quickl y and check your answers to Exercise 3a. video game they use IV or video game violence. Professor Mori's research People who play video comes at a time when video games tend to have shorter games have been blamed for attention spans... Findings from a recent time playing video games research project in Japan and get them to go out and suggest that tOO much time play with their friends playing video games can instead..th ink video games can be harmful? In pairs.

you can lind plenty of adults playing. fantasy. 3 Reading skills Put students in pairs to discuss the question in Exercise Ja .5i\ "" ~ Answers: young guys . The oudioscripls for Tracks 51. Aft erwards. they have an active role. horror. too. Suggested answers: combat. Do the same for Exercise 2c.the usc of color is fa ntastic I they involve the players in imagi native ways I in video games viewers take part. futuristi c •• 2 Listening skills Put students in pairs to match titles to games. Then play the audio so that students can find out whether they predicted correctly. thcn play the audio. Media T 114 Unilll . with the class check the meaning and pron unciation of the adjectives .from as young as six till they become young adults. 52 and 53 are 00 page T261 ::. but you can play them at home I they have the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books .. sports. 'irritable = a bll bad-tempered and angry de'pressed ::: feeling unhappy cre'ative 'confident t Pronunciation ond 'violent 'lonely = having no friends 'sociable in'telligent meaning Ask students to read the articlc and check their answers in Exercise J b. Elicit different kinds ofvidco games and write thorn on the board . Elicit suggestions to the board. Answers: the graphics are incredibly attractive and real I realistic entertainment I simple to play I they have the dynamism of movies. heroic action. Remind them to check the Glossary. Ask them to check the boxes to show their opinion. Havo a briof class discussion about the question in Exercise 2b. magic. so they attract all ages. Ask students to listen and check thcir answers. But they appeal to all ages . . Play the audio for Exercise 2a.Objectives Grammar Topic: video games Vocabulary collocotions with video Pronunciation expressing incomplete information Reading Ustening noun clauses using relative clouses a magazine article a radio interview Ask a few general questions to set the scene and help students relate to the topic: Who plays video games? How ollen do you ploy? Woors your favorite game? Who has never played video games? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking ski lls Discuss the question in Exercise 1 as fI class. from six to sixty.

Qukk grammar guide Noun clauses often contain a noun phrase and are followed by a complement When placed 01 the slart of sentences. Say the first part of the first sentence. In sb. I\? 1 Something that really a nracls people to videa games is lhe graphics. Then nominate an individual to soya first half. Then compare answe rs as a class.. then get the student to complete the statement with falling intonation. At the end. they are used for emphasis. paint Qui the structure that all theso noun clauses follow. For Exercise 5d . as needed. Monitor and help. Give studonts a min ute or two to think about what they can say ahout the subjects in Exercise 5e. help with ideas. ask a few students to read their sentences from Exercise 6c aloud with the class. Write tho structure on the board: Something (tllat) + relative clouse + is/ore +compJement Th e thing (thot). starting high. 2 The thing I really like about them . Model the fi rsi half of each sentence in exercise 4b. put students in pairs to work through the exercises . and then check their answers with a partner. and anolher the second half. discuss the qu estions in Exercise 5c . They are besllaughl and learned as fixed expressions. Play the audio for Exercise 5b. then put them in groups of four or five to share their ideas. around the class. tI Jl 5 Pronunciation: incomplete information Play the audio for Exercise Sa. 6 Vocabulary: collocations with video Lead in Write video on the board. I? Quick pronundation guide - alternative A useful way to set sludents up for exercise 5d is to start with a whole-closs drill. The secret 10 gelling students to imitate a good inlOflalion pallern for Ihese sari of noun clauses is 10 get them to try 10 start with their intonation quite high. 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) Ask studonts to match the sentence halves in Exercise 4a . When checking answers with the class. Ask students to listen and mark the rise and/or fa ll on sentonces 1 and 2.. 2 The thing I really ~ke about them is the dynamism. Also point out the Language Note. Answers: In Sa. the speaker's voice is still rising because the statement is incomp lete.. Unilll T 115 Media .ise 3c. Monitor and insist on good intonation patterns. then get them to make it go higher and higher leven if it sounds funny!] and then lei it drop suddenly from the word is or ore !like a deflated balloon1. Ask students to work in pairs to complete the statements in Exercise 4b with their own ideas. nominating different students to complete each sentence with their own ideas.Go through the example carefully so that students are clear about what they need to do in Exen:. ~ 1 Something that reatly onrecls people 1 0 video games . Ask students to analyze the intonation. and so on.. This way you provide same whole-class practice before doing pair work. Let students chuc k their an swers in pa irs before going through the answers as a class. Ask students how many words they can think of that collocate with video. Ask a few volunteers to read their best sentences to the class. Te ll students that they h ave to remember what the people said on the recordings. model the activity with a good stude nt. With the class. Monitor. the speaker's voice falls to show Uwt the statement is finished. In Exercise 6a . Ask studen ts in pairs to take turns starting and completing sen tences. with a rising intonation. and correct as needed. etc.

Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::.I . (line 44) sue (suing) 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) '---a Complete the sta tements from the listening with the endings on the right.... 3 I've never used... . [line 7) 'Y1lieo gameS tend to ie mJJYe p:JpUiay ""d:h IxryS than fflls... Which of the items in Exercise 6a would you use if you wanted: • to speak to someone and look at them at the same time'? Video phone • to make a film of your birthday party? Video camera • to take part in a discussion with colleagues in other cities or countries? Video conferencing • to go somewhere to play games? Video arcade c Complete theso sentences with a collocation from Exercise 6a so that they are true for you. ~ c Has the speaker finished in Exercise Sa? In Exercise 5b? What indicates this? d [n pairs... but split the sentences. (line 16) confidence 3 It is true that too many video games make you lose )'!. d the graphics.. Make any other changes necessary. ~ 2 The thing I really like ahout them is the dynamism .. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games ?! 2 The thing I really like about them ?! Now listen to the complete sentences... LANGUAGE NOTE We can reverse the order of the subject (the thing ..../J . 2 Something that really attracts people to video games is . Then discuss them with a partner..I . 4 The thing(s) I really like about movies . [ 71 1 8 . ) and the complement (the dynamism): The dynamism is the thing 1 really like about them.. 2 I often use..I'l8' . Researc h 2 ffl\ BfJligBIiBl1fJ into video games and violence have not proven a connection. (line 29) blame TV 4 People Il~i{lk TV if.IW ~ " r. as in the example. (line 37) 5 The parents were right to ~ tlie video company /8 88111'/' (line 41) motival~OQ for 6 I really can 'I understand the 1 t. a the dynamism. 6 Something that really irritates me about reality shows . 1 Something that really annoys me about these games is . find out whal your classmates like about these activities. except two. !i{ i'l p .. Use the correct intonation . Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::.c Replace the italic words and expressions in the sentences below with words or phrases from the lex\. . compare your sentences fro m Exercise 4b. 4 The things that may make them attractive to guys are . 1::::._ _ _ __ _"!( c the way lhey're all so male orientated. 1 lawn. A Something that really annoys me about TV . b the action and the violence." 4 I'd like to have . 2 The thing(s) I don't like about video games 3 Something thai really annoys me about TV .ur ~bi/iW Iii' gp Ih. 3 The thing I really like about them is .. and why. tJifdlt:Y hcftilld such mindless acts of violence.1 1 e In groups. 1 Something that really attracts people to video games is the g raphics. S One thing that"s good about DVDs . playing video games watching videos watching DVDs going to the movies surfing the Internet 6 Vocabulary: collocati ons w ith video a All the following words can follow video to form a collocation. b Complete these statements with your own words. 1 Video games arc uSllolly more popular with boys than girls..". Which two? camera cassette cassette record conferendng game arcade phone ~ tape theater b Check tho collocations then answer the ques tions. P8SfJ9RfJi&!B for the increase in violence in Ollr society... is all the commercials. 1 Something thaI really attracts me to video games .. Media Unit 11 . 5 Pro nunciati on : in com p lete inform ati on Listen to the firs t part of two sentences from Exercise 4a.

look at Part 1 of an article below and try to complete it. based on a survey ~ecjdes what to watch and of 1.4%). we use does not watch TV. 1 How do your viewing habits (discussed in Exercise 1) compare with the article? 2 Do you find any of the facts worrying? Which onels)? 3 Are the facts in the article typical of the situation in your coun try? 4 Did TV affect your childhood relationships? If so. lV viewers. headaches. then read Part 2 and compare your ideas with the next part of the article. Statistics tell us that in most countries 60% of the population h TV 'In the 2 li viD!! roomas a I 30% has one in the 3 bedroom . the less we talk to each other. It appears that when we watch lV. The same applies to talking to each other. we would talk to each other more. In and sleeplessness.. The 22% of homes.TV or no TV? 1 Speaking ski ll s In pairs. although the than three meters can day on which people watch cause stress. and that watching lV at a distance of less TV every day. look at the information in the article and answer the questions. in fact. In two out of three homes with a TV (61. Part 1 Does TV turn us into dumbos? A report just published says people who watch a lot of lV may be damaging 4 . the more lV we watch. In which room(s) do you have a TVt Do you have the TV turned on 2 Reading skills a In pairs. and 13% has one in the kitchen. e In groups. most homes in the U.!!.:_t4..you 've guessed itthe second part. Only GLOSSARY dumb u a stupid person Unilll Media . Many adults don't even discuss which show to watch: they just get another lV and put it in another room.>. It is certainly the most popular and most widespread. 8 ~ % of th~ d All the questions from Exercise 1 are d iscussed in the most popular shows on TV first part of the article except one. ~ave 1 2 televisions In the house.JL% of cases watch a lot of lV. 5 the fa ther report. discuss thl::se questions 1ri.S. whether somebody is watching it or not. it is on all the time. most people spend on only 10% of our brain average 3. On average._ about your TV viewing habits. List some disadvantages of TV.4 hours watching power. c TV may be a good thing for some people. It is widely believed that if we didn't ""have lV. which might even result in fewer divorces! TV facts Television is probably the most powerful medium of communication ever invented. Which one? football or Soccer games. which is discussed in are . In 21 % it is 6 the chil dren . the most TV is Sunday. but it causes problems. how? (colloquial) read less. also suggests that if you Only in 7---. Part 2 Then check with your teacher. you will does the mother decide which channel to watch Finally.L % of the population their brains. b Compare your answers with another pair. too.S.000 U.

I think I'd go crazy. For Exercise Zc. I'd be able to do more with my life.Objectives Grammar Topic: watching TV Vocabulary television genres Reading Ustening a radio phone-in Speaking conditionals extrocts from magazines discussing TV viewing habits. not at all. When you elici t answers from students in Exercise 2b. For Exercise 3 on page 117 !II Host We've talked about addiction a lot before.addiction 1 the TV. after a year or so I reali zed that il wasn't healthy. learn where the ·off" switch is. Host I see. but today we're going 10 talk about a different kind of addiclion . Note that only question 6 from Exercise 1 is discussed in part 2 of the article. Host How did your life change exactly? You stopped watching TV? Maureen Exactly . But most important is to control the TV. There's some very good stuff on TV. Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise Ze. met people. Host So you decided 10 do something aboul it? Maureen Yes. Ask some pairs or groups to present their ideas to the closs. •• 2 Reading skills For Exercise 2a. people don'//alk. If I still had a TV. and after a while I got hooked on TV junk shows. I'd have less time to do things. I listen to music a lot more . we're going to talk to Maureen. like most people. what was so bad that it made you give up television completely? Maureen Well. Elicit answers fro m the class and note a few good ideas on the board. what's your advice to people who want to cut down on TV? Maureen Well. and if I hadn't stopped watching TV. I'm so embarrassed to think about it now." I gave the TV away and my life changed . If I ever get a TV again. The more surfing through channels I did.quite a bit.it gave me more time. well. One of the best things about . I've done so much since I gal rid of the television . you'd watch less TV. Ask. I won't let it toke control of me. but you have to be able to control what you watch. explain that the answers rely on students' own general knowledge and guesswork. I used to juSI watch TV now and again in the evenings. and I couldn't do that. help students to make guesses al the first answer. The articles present a pretty negative view of TV. If I hod all these digital channels to choose from now. and he said that if I watched less TV. I iust used to lie on the sofa all day doing nothing. rt you hod to go to another room to switch Ihe TV on. ask for lots of guesses before revealing the actual answers. you know. find out whiGh students watch the most TV. I watched daytime TV. find another iob.. Maureen. I would never have discovered the pleasures of reading. Now I feel much better. If students need more help you could write some of the answers 011 the board as they do the exercise. Host So you think that TV is all bad? Maureen No. First. Host So. so I went to my doctor. 56'~---------------------------------------------------------. No more TV. (For example. and use il! Media T 116 Unit 11 . is. give a couple of examples to get students started.. 'That's it. but then I lost my iob four years ago. people ea/ TV dinners). have mare friends. I'm not stressed out any more. its relaxing to walch TV after a hard day. the more irritated I felt. without revealing which blan k they go in. and I was at home all day.. and on Sundays. who used to be addicted to the TV but who is now one of the four per cent 0 of people who have chosen to live without TV. is Another good thing about . planning a TV schedule 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 1. [f necessary. Afterwards. So. For example. I think a very importanlthing is not to have the TV in Ihe living room . And how about your health? Maureen Well. Maureen. same programs are very educational.put it in another room.I've found a new job. Useful language: Additionaloctivtty An advantage of " is . Ask if any thing surprises students. I thought. don't let il control you. I used to feelli red and irritable all the lime. students in pairs or small groups to make a list of advantages of television. So.

Answers: 1 and 2 were true of Mauree n in the past. Note: hooked on = obsessed with @ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Additional activity Find and photocopy a page from on English-language lV listings page. In terms of use. I'd cullaxes. T he other p icture is of Fid el Castro being interviewed. but cou ld also be no ws or curront affairs.. Ask them to think. They often try to express the ideo of the subjunctive In the conditional clouse by using will or would. I would hove said hello. •• . of 8 name for their channel.. Let them c heck in pairs before discussing them as a class. ask them to show their schedu le to two or three other pairs in the class and talk about it with them. IUncle Bob speokingJ II is. Divido students into groups of four or five to do Exercise 5h . 6 Speaking ski lls Ask students to decide what kind of channel from the list they wou ld like to design programs for. I will be happy. and then elicit answers from the class. students need to differentiate between the first conditional. has a bette r life. t . When eliciting answers from the class. 5 Vocabu lary: television Read th rough the words in the list in Exercise students to match the words to the pictures. If I will-win. 50 . however.•• 3 Listening skills Give students a minute to briefly d iscuss the statements in Exerc ise 3a in pairs. Now sho has more friends . where the condition is unreallLe. Then give students three or four minutes to thjnk up and w ri telheir own sentences. Model the activity in Exercise 4c by eliciting or providing two or three possible sentences. Common probtems and enors Students get the form wrong. If I weflo!g 1:Je'¥~ seen you. where the condition is possible.. When students h ave finished. In terms of form that students make most errors. modeling stress and pronunciation. Ask students to sit down with their partner. Monitor and encourage st udents to speak. 4 Grammar review: conditionals Read through the example carefully as a class so that students are clear about the task. Photocopy enough copies for everyone in the closs. 1'1/ reduce laxes. improbable or impossiblel. Ask students to liston and comp lete the task. ask a few individuals to tell you their best sentences. and the second conditional. thon chock in pairs. and reads more (3 and 4). The n ask them to stand up and find another student in the class w ho has chosen the same channel. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exerc ise 4b. then check answers in pairs.. Let studen ts complete Exer cise 4a indi vidually. IPresidential candidate speokingl If I were Presidenl. For example: If I become Presidenl. It looks like a talk show. Have students briefly share answers in the class and find out who wrote the best schedule . Ask students to complete the statements. Put students ill pairs to share their ideas. Give them 10 minutes to p lan and write out their TV schedu le on a sheet of paper. and aile or two pairs may have to compromise. Choose one which lists the title of the program and describes its content. Ask students to scan the lV page and find examples of the different types of program listed in exercise Sa . Then ask Answers: The top p icture is of the American sitcom Friends. The audioscripl for Track 56 is on page n16 It Unitll T 117 Media . You will need to monitor the "pair-choosing" carefull y. Quick grammar guide: condmonals Play the audio again for Exercise 3e.

[n pairs. eg. likes to broadcast new. we would talk to each other more. Choose from one of these channels.. Which of the statements were true of Maureen in the past? Wh ich are true now? Listen again and complete Maureen's statements. 3 If they watched less TV. Top of c Compare your schedule with other pairs. Choose the best schedule for the class.:rwm. 5 [wou ld have gone oul with you last night if they badn'l shown (not showl Big Brother! c Make conditional sentences lLsing these phrases. unreal 3 If I had a TV. discuss whether these statements are true of anyone yOll know. they'd have more friends and a better life. I.:OD-7:00 /.k Pops teen. I would watch more TV. less TV. they'd read more. think of the most popular eXflmple in your country of each category of TV sbow. 2 If I hadn 't watched so much TV as a child. 5 Vocabul ary: television a Look at the two pictures on this page and find the kinds of shows they represent from the list helow. unreal 5 I'll watch more TV if I get digital channels. 5 They surfchaflncls a lot while they're watching TV. past . . he will become isolated. you will read less. 4 Grammar review: conditionals a Read these conditional sentences and write post. 2 They often lie on the sofa all day doing nothing but watching TV. Note the program type and an example of the show for each time slot. 6 Speaking skills a In pairs. possible 2 If we didn't have TV. 1 They"re hooked on TV junk shows. caters for people aged 16-35. I'd be . 1 If you stopped watching TV. hie 2 If [ still had a TV. yo u are going to design TV programming for an evening for one channel.If . to choose from 5 If [ ever gel a TV again... p:mUe) 1 If you watch a lot of TV. 3 If [ hadn't stopped watching TV. Media Unit 11 . focus on entertainment Channel 2: public service channel. he said that if [watched less TV. Then discuss them in pairs. present .. Listen to Maureen talking about her TV viewing habits. lalk show currenl affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show b [n groups. unreal 4 I'd have gone out more if I hadn't had a TV. 1 .age ?> ut£<C f'YO:J'"am. 3 If the chann els showed (show) more documentaries. caters for all ages. 4 If they sold the TV. different programs Channel 4: commercial channel. Channel 1: commercial channel. (/uluJ<e. I'd have less lime!o do mo re. you would suffer (suffer) deprivation symptoms. tends toward common interests such as sports and musi c b Plan a rriday evening's TV schedule.. from 6:00p. I won't let iltake control of me.I didn't M--ve a TV m the fed. future. have a TV in the bedroom appear on TV be addkted to (show name) waste time watching TV . future .ch {. focus on education and information Channel 3: public service channel. 4 If your child continues (continue) to watch too much TV. possible b Now complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. to 1 :30a.3 Listening skills a Some people are really "hooked" on TV. and possible or unreal by them. If you sit close to the TV.m.I'd 'ltaf. or future. caters for people over 30. I wou ld have read (read) more books.m. prese/lt. I would watch it every night. caters for all ages. 4 0 """'''1. present. . you may damage your eyes.

. the classifieds. in pairs. 1 How many major newspapers are there in your country? .it shows that they are still important.1 Warm up a Check th e words and phrases in italic in a dictionary or with your teacher. international news. 3 What was the headline on the front page? 4 Was the report sensational or factual? 5 Were there any scandal or gossip reports? 6 Does this newspaper have a large circulation? 7 Which section of Ihe newspaper did you read in mosl detail? Sections: national news. social events. 4 Famous people are usually secretly pleased that newspapers write about them . Unill l Media . etc. even if it reveals private information abo ut people.) 2 Task a One of the crit icisms of some newspapers is that they do not respect people's privacy.. In pairs. How do newspapers breach people's privacy? Who is usually affected by breaches of privacy? b You are going to draw up a code of conduct on privacy for newspapers.) 2 Any person who is in the public eye has to expect media interest. entertainment b Now discuss newspapers in general in your country. or think of your own ideas. 1 Was il a tabloid or broadsheet newspaper? 2 What was the lead story about? Report the main points 10 your partner. crime reports. Then. liberals. decide on four "golden rules" of conduct for journalists. 3 Prepare In groups. say whether you agree or disagree with these opinions and why. conservat ives. editorials. 1 Newspapers have a duty to publish anything they think is in the public interest.. You may use the points in Exercise 2b and rewrite them so they reflect your opinion. 2 How many are tabloids/broadsheets? 3 Whal sect ions can probably be found in each of them? 4 Who is the main audience for each one? (young people. 5 Any kind of spying on famous people by newspaper reporters should be banned. middle/lower economic groups. business people. 3 The public has a right to know every detail about the lives of fam ous or important people. discuss the questions with reference 10 the last newspaper you read. a politician who is having an affair. reader comments. (For example. )ocalnews. 6 Newspapers which publish inaccurate reports about famous people should be fined and banned from publishing the reports. sports .

However.'S? You could use the newspapers 10 elien and/or explain the words In italics in exercise 1 a. Elicit an explanation of breach le. people in the news for other reasons. and neighbors. Divide tho class into groups of fo ur or five to d iscuss the questions in Exercise l b . 3 Prepare Put students in groups of fou r to wri te their "golden rules. going through private records. Put students in pairs to ask and answer the questions. such as the victims of crime or lottery winners. Suggested answeres: Newspapers breach privacy by: interviewing ex-friends. are also affected. following people. •• tabloid = newspaper with small pages and sensational staries broadsheet'" newspaper with big pages and serious stories lead story '" the main story on the frool page classifieds '" short. etc. Introduce !he topic 1 Warm up Ask students to road through the questions in Exercise 1a and check the vocabulary. Have a brief class discussion of the answers. going through your garbage: taking photos with powerful lenses on beaches or in bedrooms." Monitor and help with vocabulary.g. and elicit ideas in answer to the questions in Exercise 28 . Media T 118 Unit 11 . Ask What are the names of the newspapers? What kind of newspapers do you think they ore? What stories are fronl page and back page nev. to breach privacy). politicians.Objectives Topic: newspapers and privacy Writing a code of conduct Grammar modal verbs. Show them 10 students and pass them around the class.pop and movie stars. TV celebrities. such as doctor's records. ex-partners. sports stars. active and passive Speaking presenting ideas for a code of conduct If you can. bring in two or three different English languoge newspapers. Put students in pairs to read the opinions in Exercise 2b and decide whether they agree with them or not. Bri ng a newspaper 10 class to hel p you point oul and explain di fficult vocabulary. small ads on the inside pages edilOfials '" newspaper articles in which the editor gives the newspaper's opinion on on issue in the news Vocabulary 2 Task Have a brief class discussion. The people usuall y affected arc well-known people .

like Britain. Not true. so of course we can toke and print pictures of that. B Another thing . I think we can all agree that our first rule is that we do not invade the privacy of people who are sick or dying. but what about famous people? I mean. They say that in some places. which is why there were all the problems -that newspaper had an exclusive. o I agree.what about pictures of famous people's weddings and things like that? I mean./? He anaclced a photographer.~ . bull don't think we need to focus on that case too much. Elicit the best ideas from each group to build up a class code of conduct on the board. Mario. but that example of Princess Diona after her cor crash. rather than the pictures was token? A Yes. Ask the rest of the class to take notes about what each speaker says. Then put the groups together again to complete their code of conduct. we're not getting very far. o Mmm. 5 Compare ~ Play the audio for Exercise Sa.a lot of people think that the ormy shouldn't have gone out there. photographers can't take pictures in restaurants.s. They say that they can take and print pictures of close-ups with telephoto lenses in the u. yes? C As you know. Unilll T 11 9 Media . Chris Martin of Co/dp/a. so the photographer was allowed to toke it.4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to read their main points aloud. We've only agreed that we can't have pictures of sick people or of people who are grieving. A look. . Put students in pairs to read the descriptions in Exercise 5c and find the throe mistakes. but I think they had a deal with another newspaper.. they're happy occasions. well. 6 Follow up Put students in groups of four to draw up their own code of conduct. Not true. Ask students to listen and answer the question . A I think you'Ulind that was because his wife was pregnant and didn't wont to have photographs taken.restaurants are really private places that open up to a few people at a time. here in the United States 01 least. We have to look at improving things ourselves or the government will impose new rules on us. so pictures of the funeral are okay.the event is in a public place. but that was public interest . I'm a photographer and I believe in freedom to toke the pictures I wont. A I'm more concerned about ordinary people. B Okay. even of close-ups with telephoto lenses. A Okay. In Exercise 5b. photographers can't take pictures there. and as a newspaper editor myself. defnitely. BID Yeah. We'd bener get on . B Yes. ask students to complete the descriptions and play the audio again . There were some pictures token recently of the widow of a soldier . Answers: They say thai because the photo of Princess Diana was taken in France. but it was taken in France. LeI's start. B Isn't the issue that it was printed. Remember the pictures of the wedding of Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas? They sued the newspaper over that. I think so . I completely agree with tha t. No one should be allowed to print that. on her suHering.at his funeral. in some places.. they're in public. but not of people in this case? A Yes. and t do not wont my newspaper to be sued ! C Of course not. A But you have to be invited . I really don't want that. using a telephoto lens. Do you agree? e yes. you also have to be careful who you take you know that singer. they're not like funerals. I agree. the photographer was allowed to take it. if famous people are at a restaurant or somewhere. that was just sick. Not true.you're unlikely to get pictures of a wedding unless you're inside the church or you use a telephoto lens. I Of course. The photographer had taken close-ups of her crying. I think thars on intrusion on her grief. I think. like Britain. but not close-ups of grieving relatives. C DiHicult . o You mean the one of her in the car after it hod crashed? That was terrible. We're all here to discuss a few problems we've hod recently with breaches of people's privacy. oren'tthey? So.

bUt photographerS No prnacy d for harassment or may be sue . you may be txea\<. However. a restaurant/a IJUblic place. Present them to the rest of the class.. Complete the descriptions of the four pictures.. 3 pictures of famous people in .. trespassing on pnvate property. The people in the discussion made three mistakes when discussing these laws.. c Look at the descri ptions of the laws relating to photographing people in some countries....1<>1"''= VYithOUt consent. are visible from a pu Ie . for example o~ra sidewalk. . If yOU use raph lenS ard a IaC\def to protog ~=~ in his backyard. z a picture of a soldier's . Which aspect are the people talking about? photographer. ·vate bOat standing on the deck of a po ' are alloWed· United States standing in public piCtures of someone balcony plainly view.. can you guess? . widowlfuneral. b Combine all the ideas you agree with to make a complete code of conduct for journalists reporting on the lives of the rich and the famous. '-- 6 Follow up a In groups. 4 Feedback a Choose the three main points of your code of conduct on the press and privacy. and privacy Listen again..~d ven "private places" includes cars an e publiC areas· ItalV doO even of people PiCtures taken out rs.. pictures in private .... her car crash. b Compare your ideas with other groups and pul together a class code of conduct .ing the law... 4 pictures of two actors· . wedding. 5 Compare Listen to a discussion about another aspect of newspapers and privacy. france herS could be sued for taking PhOtograp.... The people give four examples of pictures that intrude on people's privacy. draw up two or three ideas for a code of conduct for press photographers.. a permissible. Make a note of ideas from other groups. laws exist. What were they? d Do you know the laws on press and privacy in your country? Ifnot. 1 a picture of Princess Diana after .

fNe haven't finished yet. would/could/might + infinitive It\Ie've decorated this room. see Page 46 (first and second conditionals) and Page 56 (third conditionaQ. 4 I've waited (I've been waiting for Charlie for ages. Third conditional Us. 1) to talk about unlikely events/situations in the present or Mure We've watched three French movies this week. singers and comedians variety show Unilll Media . wet weather. we 'll watch more movies at home. an apartment. 1 2 Noun clauses NOlI1 clauses otten COfItoo a relative clause. Something that really depresses me is cold. I'll take over. Vocabulary Summary 1 Collocations with video video game arcade video camera video game video phone video recorder video tape video cassette video cassette recorder video conferencing 1 I've been working (." o<fut"'" Fo"" if + present + wiIf + infinitive We've docorated this room. 2) If I h ad my cell phone. an office sitcom 5 a TV show in which well-known people are intefViewed talk show 6 a TV show that has a number of different acts. but the focus is ()(l If we get a DVD pJayet. Negative: We haven't been watching much TV recently. wet weather is something that rooJly de{Yesses me.) We can use both the siTl>Ie and progessive with rK) change in ITIEHling with some verbs thaI have a sense of oontiluatoo. I'm going to go home now.) Note the difference between the simple and the progressive he. Sony about the mess. rNe've just we could call for help. 1) If I got lhejob. 2 TV shows talk show current affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show Match these definitions with a word or phrase from t he lists in 1 and 2. 5 It's snowed ~ ~II night and it stiD hasn't stopped. e. emphasis to the complement: a continuing TV series abOut the imaginary lives of a group of people soap opera 2 TV programs that do not use real actors but show ordinary people doing ordinary things reality TV we are adding The thing I really like ebout Thailand is the food. We use the simple: Us. If I ha d had a oomputer. The progressive suggests that the action was VfJly recently finished: 2) to talk about impossible events/situations in the present Fo"" if + past. fNe've finished. hl!!O!!th ---.. I'd move to a new house. We can use both the present perfect smpIe and progressive to talk about actioos with a result n the present. or write both jf both forms are possible. to talk abOut events/situatiOns whiCh are possible in the present We've b800 deconlting this room. :J~~~~!£!~ e 'library all summer. 3 a place wheI'a you can play video games in machines by putting mooey in them video game arcade 4 a TV comedy sefies that takes place in a particular situation. 3 Where have you been~ calii?J I've been calling you at least ten times.. hot soup. A good. n /t:xJks much better now. First conditional Us. We do not use the progressive to talk about the number of actions/times we have done something. Cold. We've been decorating. These noun clauses take a complement and can come either before or after the verb. To talk about a series of actions.) To express duration (often with a time phrase): I've been writing this essay for three hours. .1Q: 3 Conditionals For more information on each conditional. It is rTlClt9 neutral to put them after the verb: The food is the thing I realty like about Thailand. Ouestiofl: Have you been watching much TV recentty? Choose t he correct tonn of the verb. - firishOO.g.g . One thing I really like to eat in the winter is a good. ou've been drivin You've driven for hours. suctJ as Iva. I might have finished the book earlier. If we place the noun dause before the verb.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect progressive Use To talk abrut an action or activity that started i1 the past and is still contim. hot soup is one thing I really like to eat in the winter. work and study: Hi&y has attended I has been attencfng this sdKXJI for (\AI() )'EIa'S. e. buth " ed io th~ 2 You must be tired. the activity: Second conditional We've been watching a lot of foreign movies recently. to talk about imaginary (unreaQ events/situations in the past Fomo if + past perfect + wouIeJ/couIdImight + have + past participle Fo"" have + been + -4ng verb Affirmative: We 've been watching 8 lot of TV recently.

I'm an engineer and keep a notebook just for that area of my English. it will be very hard to find the correct definition when you look in a dictionary. spelling. That would help him find the exact meaning more quickly and he wouldn't feel so frustrated. Yes. collocations.that is a big help. an adverb. I am pretty clear about what language I want to learn. . I'm going to buy a cheap notebook and copy everything into that. . a synonym.. . Ana Ramos.I enJoy read ing in English and underline "nice" expressions. Make a list of the techniques you would like to try.. . Underline any ideas you didn't include. I do use my English dictionary. Experiment with new ideas and you will find new techniques that suit the way you like to learn. and so on. Most of my techniques are probably ' considered "traditional". work. vocabulary. or an opposite. either. holidays. Put a check next to the effective techniques. I use different techniques: a picture. I've never had a special notebook for vocabulary. grammar. a::: ::::> >- o b LOOk at what these students below say about how they record new vocabulary... stuff like that. It's kind of a hObby. Helena Heinemann. Add any other techniques to the list that you think may be useful. . 2 Expanding your repertOire of techniques a Read the four case studies above again and underline the techniques they mention. discuss which students are not making the most of their opportunities to learn vocabulary. the family. and punctuation of the paragraphs. And I do . . but only lor very ' difficult expressions. Which person do you resemble most? Discuss any questions you have. so I show the main stress and write in phonetics . Give your partner the final version of the paragraph you wrote in Unit 10 about the importance of reading. I enjoy fill-in exercises and I prefer a bilingual dictionary so that I'm sure I've understood something. When I come across new vocabulary I ask my teacher or I look It ' up in my bilingual dictionary. But this is often difficult because there are a lot of meanings for one wordthat frustrates me. I enjoy writing them down although to be honest. Media Unit 11 . I'm not very organized about keeping vocabulary although I'm always very careful about including information about the grammar of a word or phrase . . o -' > UJ o UJ 0. Correct pronunciation is very important for me too. Keisuke Katsura. . Germany _ L-__ PLAN C> Your action plan: working with vocabulary Put your list from Exercise 2c into action tomorrow. I have a notebook that I only use for vocabulary and I'm very organized.. Chile c In pairs. talk about the list you have made with your partner. But I"m not doing English only for my work! I remember words and phrases from songs or interesting texts . You'll also make yourself a better language learner in the process! Note: bring any new vocabulary entries to the class at the end of Unit 12. What practical advice would you give them? I would tell Keisuke to think about the general meaning of a new word before he looked it up in a dictionary. Ference Lukacs. . b In pairs. . you know. I like repeating things aloud as well. Hungary .. By "nice" I mean vocabulary that interests me like idioms. and I also use highlighter pens. I had a great teacher who once told me that if you don't think about the meaning of new vocabulary in context. Oh. I guess. I usually write an example of the words or phrases and the other helpful technique I use is to divide language into topic areas. or any ideas lor improving the organizaHon. Review your action plan: editing your written work ~ . Japan . have to see a word written down if I want to remember it. Read it and check any Ideas that you suggested in your paragraph. I copy the phrases into a special notebook. but mostly I write translations.. That's just the way my mind works. c Discuss the techniques as a class. I never use any of them. My teacher calls me "the detective" because I love trying to guess words from context.z z C) ~ Working with vocabulary 1 Reviewing techniques for recording vocabulary a Are you making the most of your vocabulary learning potential? Write down the two Of three ways you most commonty record new vocabulary. and phrases. . That's important if you want to be able to use the language.recording if something is a phrasal verb. I write the date at the top of the page and make a list of all the new vocabulary I learn that day. I always try to put new language into use as soon as I can.

so tests are really pointless. Usc one or more words in each blank. c In pairs. compare your opinions. Have you used the same words as in the box? exams/ tests grade take/do review for scored/got tested on failed retake do your best under that kind of pressure? 2 Speaking skills Do you agree with these statements in the speech bubbles about tests? Write A (agree). Some st udents forge t everything they've studied the moment a test is over. Use the words and phrases in the box 10 complete the blanks you could not fill._1 and work harder on weak arCaS. NS (not sure) or D (disagree) by each one. How else can you place peop le in class levels. Thai reminds me I have to go now. A So did you pass that science test? B No. Unil 12 . decide who should continue in future studies or get a good job? o Tests gi ve you an idea of how you are progressing. compare your opinions about the statements. That means you can build on .which means that I So much depends dOll" have to 6 retake that part of the course. I 1 failed il! I only 2 scored/got seven out of 25. so how can b In pairs. speaking of lests. You find v "" ~~ \ about your strong and your weak points.en. discuss these questions. covered that yet. b In class.gth.Unit12 Looking ahead lesson 1 Which exam? 1 Vocabulary: tests a Try to complete this cOllversat ion between two science students. We were 3 teslfld Oil molor functions. which really wasn't fair because \'\10 haven '.t. We have a really tough biology lest tomorrow so I'd bettor get home and 7 reyiew [Of it! Tests make some people feel J hato May and June . didn't you 4 !llke your lab practica!s last week? A Yeah! And thankfully I got II good 5 grade . So only tho theory on the day and how you now. Hey. award certificates and above all. 1 What's the best experience you have ever had in an exam? 2 What's the worst experience you have ever had in un exam? 3 What havo your experiences with English exams been like? Ii You have to take tests.all these 8 examsltesls are killing mol really nervous.

and find out how students really feel about exams. and writing. For Exer cise 4 on page 123 ':IiI Teacher Okay. To show Iheir English is okay. So the passages ore typical of the kind of Ihing you would see if you were sludying in the Stoles. Encourage lots oftalking. let's start wi th Ihe different sec tions of Ihe lest. note suggestions. First. For example. And one more thing. Have a class discussion of the answers. how many words? Teacher Good question -the lexls a re prelly long between 650 and 750 words. Ihot kind of thing. you will be asked 10 complete comprehension questions.one hour per section. okay for what? Student A To show their English is good enough to sludy in on American college. 2 Speaking skills Ask students to listen and read . t'li begin with reading. Okay. and shore their answers with the closs. A very positive feature is Ihal you can toke notes throughout the test . . of course. . There's a g lossary. yes. you could use these questions. Student B Excuse me. one that you do on paper. Afterwards. reading. and each porl tesls one of the four skills: listening. nole-taking will help you remember what you want to soy or wri te . righl? . Student C Thanks... now in Ihe reading seclion. lers go on looking ahead T 122 Unit 12 . ask two or three individuals to summarize for the class what their partner told them. orticles you would find in an academic textbook or journot . we're going to look at Ihe Internel-based TOEFl. TOEFl is designed to tesl if non-native speakers ore ready to to ke courses in English-speaking colleges in Ihe U. Yep.. to do a class survey. When did you losl take a test? What was if a lest on? How did you do? What sort aftest do you like to take? 00 you get nervous when you lake tests? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: tests Ask students to fead the conversation quickly and guess which words afe missing. Now. you will be given three passages 10 read and.. all th e words thai may be difficult are explained for you. too. thars called a ' paper-based. there's another very useful feature in this test. Read Qut statements 1 to 4 in the speech bubbles on the page. You could extend the closs discussion following exercises 2a and 2b by asking further questions: Additionol activity What do/can you do to prepare yourself for exams? What canldo you do to ovoid being too nervous or under too much pressure? If we don't take tests. Now as most of you already know.S. how . Let them check in pairs and then work in pairs to check and complete Exercise 13 with the words in the box in Exercise l b. almost. You can complete il on the same day. . as you kn ow. you 're bolh right.. how long is the lest? Teacher The 10101 examination lasts aboul lour hours . Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 2e. and ask students to write whether they agree or disagree with them. Are .test. Er.. Ask students to interview each other... Anybody remember whallhol is? Student A Sure! It's Ihal tesl lhat foreign sludenls take to show their English is okay. where were we? Oh. and gel students 10 odd others. who! other ways are there of deciding who should pass a course or graduate? What sort of tests work best? How can we make tests less pointless and more useful? Alternatively. righl? Student C And there's also a . Now. so thaI's good news for testlakers. Ihe lesl is in four sections. lers . I want to begin the closs by lolking a lillie more about the Internet-based TOEFl.remember. 58~------------------------------------------------------.Objectives Vocabulary fests Topic: exams (the TOEFl) Reading on exam leaflet Ustening an informal tolk Speaking agreeing and disagreeing with statements Ask a few personalized questions to get students storied. Sa you have to wo rk quickly.. Student 0 What kind of passages are there? Teacher Well. Teacher Right! Student B And you lake the lest online. a . are the texts long? . Teacher Uh.. speaking. Sa lers go on to the individual papers. Teacher Yes. Apart from the note laking..

okay? So if you were studying in an Ame rican college. right? Students Yeah. Lei them check their notes in pairs. let me give yo u a n example: lers soy. Scanning Set a shan time limit for e xercise 3b because this is a scanning task Students should scan through the text un til they find the answers. But they ore all the kind of thing you would nor ma lly hear if you were livi ng a nd studying in the U. lers go on 10 the listening section. speaking 4 It mirrors the way English is lIsed for commwlicative purposes in the real world.you are given four opti ons.s. uh. first in groups and then as a class.. Okoy.. ~~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------. Britain. But to fol low a conversation isn't always enough. The oudioscript for Track 58 is on page T122 Pi. it's really not. uh. Six. They may know or guess some answers. Ask students to listen and complete the noles. writing. Ask students to take notes. anticipate . listening. using th e notes in exercise 48 as a model. and Australia. right Teacher So tha t is what I mean by -real world: Okay. Answers: 1 paragraph 1 2 paragraph 2 3 paragraph 2 4 paragraph 2 5 paragraph 3 6 paragraph 4 Ask students to skim the test to locate the answers in Exercise 3c. Canada. 6 2 4 Listening ski lls Ask students to read the notes in Exercise 4a carefully. irll be okay. T eacher No. lell them to note them in pencil. Student C That sounds tricky. Britain.est-takers to talk about topics they are familiar with and can answer from personal knowledge and experience.3 Reading skills For Exercise 3<1 . pa rticularly from the United States. In the listening test you will hea r conversotions and lectures. uh . which wi ll be similar to those that you wil l hear in real academic s ituations. (e. Canada. . remembe r this is 0 test to see how you would do in an academic environment.. let's say you've been asked to listen to a dia logue between a professor and a college student Now this is a situati on you might find yourself in. you have to understa nd whot he or she already said before. We'll be looking 01the d ifferent sons of thi ngs you need to do in the exam so your students will be well prepared for the test So relax. Then play the audio. They are based on how things happen in the real world. have a brief discussion. You also have to be able to. Then have them read in detail. The record ings will include a range of nativespeake r accents. predicting what speaker is going to say) Exercise 4c is an opportunity to have a question and answer session aboul the TOEFL exam. of course. If so. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. You have to pick the correct option. integrated questions requi. Then give them one minute to find answers to the questions in the tex\. how do you test thot I can predict? Teacher Wait a second. 5 Independent questions ask t. you'd have to go to lectures and toke notes. If neccessary. Student C What do you mean. Ask students to read through the questions in Exe rcise 3b carefully.!'e candidates to combine two or three skills. the "real wo rld"? Teacher Well. 10 predict what Ihe speake r is going to soy next To do this. draw attention to the Glossary. I'm just coming to thot. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. Suggested answer: listening section: conversations and lectures. Their goal is to find cenoin specific information quickly. and predict wha t might be the answe rs. 4 lectures) based on: how things bappen in real world. Answers: 1 Non-native speakers o f English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment (colleges and universities) 2 4 3 Reading. Student A And how many different listening tasks are the re? Teacher There ore two conversations and lour lectures. Britai n..-Teacher Now.. to find out what students know about the TOEFL. Student C Does tha t mean six different liste ning tasks!? Teacher Yeah. or other exams thai your students may be planning to take. yeah? So you must be able to fo llow a conversati on like this. Unit 12 T 123 looking ahead . Student B But how do you tesllhat? I mean. (real academic si tuations) range of native-speaker accen ts: US.g. Tasks: 6 (2 conversations. so you are liste ning to the conversati on and th en it suddenly stops and you ore as ked what will come next . Australia.

whether for professional. Test-takers need to demonstrate not only that they know the content but also that they can organize it. In addition. For example. It is an English language proficiency test taken by non-native speakers of English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment. In which paragraph would you expect to find the answer 10 each question? Who is the exam for? How many parts are there in the test? What does TOEFL test? What is an illtegralod+skills approach to losting? 5 What is the difference between an independent and an integrated speaking tas k? 6 How many pioces of writing uro there? 1 2 3 4 c Read the leaflot carefully and answer the questions in Exercise 3b. why? If not . What happens in the writing section? 4 ti' b Tho teacher trainer then ta lks about tho listening section of the test. Please note that this test can also be taken in a paper-based form. What is th e reading section like? 5 In this section test -takers are required to GLOSSARY pinpoint discover exactly whnt something is mirror (vb) reflect looking ohead Unil12 . personal. What is the speaking section like? 3 c Think about everything you have learned about the TOEFL: would you tako it? If so. Ustening. In this test the skills are not tested in isolation . and Speaking. isn'. Put simply. The four integrated questions require candidates to use a combination of two or three skills. they may be asked to listen to part of a lecture and then record their answer. This is called an integrated-skills approach to testing. discuss anything you have heard about the exam. Complete the notes taken by a teacher.testtakers are required to combine different skills in order to complete different tasks. if? b Look through lho leaflet very qu ickly. This time lake your own notes on what the leacher trainer says. In addition. Writing.(engfh of feds. The independent task requires testtakers to write approximately 300 words about a topic of which they have knowledge or personal experience. In the integrated task test-takers will be asked to read a short text and then listen to a college-level lecture on an academic topic before writing a response to what they have heard of 150225 words. The CST is the Computer Based TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language. the idea behind this is that the approach mirrors the way English is used for communicative purposes in the real world. This helps English students and their teachers identify the particular skills they need to improve in order to be ready to lake an academic course in an English-speaking environment. 5 - 650 . The two independent questions ask testtakers to talk about topics they are familiar with and will be able to answer from their personal knowledge and experience . In groups . why not? Find other people in the class who would like to take the test and find out why. or academic needs. They are required to answer two different In the writing section test-takers have to complete two pieces of written work: an independent and an integrated task.3 Reading skills a Vou are going to mad pari of a loaflet on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). What is tested and how is it tested? 2 . It assists colleges and universities in admitting and then placing non-native speaking students within their courses. In the real world people almost always combine different skills when they communicate. they may be asked to read a short text on a related subject and then record their answer. 4 Listening skills ~ a You arc going to listen to an Englisb teacher trainer talking to her teachers about the TOEFL. types of questions: independent and integrated.750 wQrd~ Jte!p g<Ven <>L 6 glOssa ry - English language proficiency is tested in four separate sections: Reading. the test-takers are given results which help them pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses. Testtakers speak into a microphone to record their answers. II's the exam YOII take when YOll lI'ont to study A brief introduction to the TOEFL CST What is the TOEFL CBT and what does it do? 1 at a college in the States. In this section candidates are tested on their ability to communicate successfully in an academic environment.

you must apply on arrival. Studying abroad is very exciting but it can be stressful as students cope with cultural changes and speak English 2417. 2 I'm hoping to pass into ~ntery graduate program. If you have any further questions. please e-mail I Money If you don't have a clear idea of what a course can cost. learn about different aspects of the United States. Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few weeks. In groups. 24 hours.. travel to and from school and.scottoengllshatsanfranos(O. On top of tuition and fees. b Check the sentences that were true. of course.9 !J stud engi neering. 5 If I arr&:Qc~erled ~ entered into a university in the U. So you've finally persuaded your parents or employer to let you go for a month to study English? Congratulations! That's the first hurdle crossed . r r r GLOSSARY cross a h urd le deal with a problem so that you can go on to do something successfully be bro ke (informal) have no money do something 2417 (informal) do it all the time.. what would the benefits be? ha"tl!.someone to give help and advice to them. Consulate or Embassy with a completed 1-20 Form along with your passport and an Affidayjt of financial Support Medical insurance All students studying in the U. c Imagine you are interested in studying English in the U.time course@)t 0 11 history and work at the same time. In addition. you certainly won'tY regret it. Add any extra ideas to your list. 7 I'm doing a career ~gf~i n biochemistry. '!flake SUn> . entertainment.! 3 I'd like 10 finish . The teachers Personal qualities are very important in a teacher. seven days a weok Unit12 lOOking ahead . What else do you need to do before you pack your bags? Visas If you arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U.enough ~ to pay fay c Use the ideas above to tell your partner about your experience.S" you will not be admitted to the country. We offer all of the services above and more. me.S. or stay in a st udent dorm. write a list of five things you need to think about before you go. Good schools should offer th is facility.s. 2 Reading skills a Imagine that you have the opportunity to study English in a college in the United States. Le. ~ 4 I'd like t get take a high grade on an examination ike the TOEFL.On with English! 1 Vocabulary: further edu cation a Choose the correct word or words to comp lete the sentences. 6 I need to get goo rade notes in science subjects. Accommodation Why not stay WI th a host familv if you want to expenence Amencan home life? Ot herwise. If you study at English@San Francisco. are true now. Do you want to be in a big school (500+ students) or a small one (under 50)? Do you want lessons that are formal or informal? Does the school offer a range of different classes so that you can pick and choose classes to meet your needs? Student Visa go to your local U. are required to have medical insurance. they should also be qualified to teach English. or hopes of further education. The schooL So what should you look for? That depends on you. discuss the following." a""il' b Read the article below quickly to see how many of your ideas are mentioned. Then compare your notes with a partner.. Any good school will be happy to tell you about its teachers and their qualifications.S . 1 I'm planning I~I make a course in business admi~0?ation. add accommodation. what SlOpS most students who would like to study abroad? 2 What possible solutions are there to these hurdles? 3 Woul d y ou like to study English abroad? If you could. 1 In your coun try. food./de . Don't go for the cheapest room if it means that you'll never meet anyone and get Counselors It is crucial that the school provides each student with a counselor . remember that it's important to stay somewhere where you will be happy.(iiiaiO?>nsomething to do with man ement. To obtain an E1 depressed. Good schools offer a wide range of optional activities to help you ma ke new friends. plans. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. go online and check out the fees of a number of schools. especially about personal problems. the options are to rent your own apartment. Did yo u think the same information was important? d In class. Read the article more carefully and ta ke notes on the advice that you think is important fo r you.S. 8 I'd like to take a parI.. Above all.I. ~"fJ . Greg Scott Director of Studies English @ San Francisco g. books. or could become t rue for y Oll .com Sports and sociaL program Studying English is not limited 10 the classroom. and generally have a good time.

Ask Which language schools look interesting and why? Ask students whot they would look for in a language school abroad. Find out which students would like to study at the school in the article.. ask one group to read their list aloud. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into groups of four or five to write their list for Exercise 2a . Ask other grou ps if they have anything interesting to add. Let them check what they found in their groups. or elsewhere. End this pari ofth e lesson with a discussion . . Monitor and help with ideas. and pass them around..Objectives Grammar functions of conditionals Topic: further education and studying English abroad Vocabulary further education Reading a Web site ad. Have a brief class discussion of answers.s. Remind students about the Glossary. Put students in pairs to talk about their further education plans. then check answers with a partner. asking the questions in Exercise 2d . At the end. Have a class discussion.. •• 1 Vocabulary: further education Ask students to choose the correct word in Exercise la . ask students to read the article and check and add to their list. What are you planning 10 do nexJ when you finish your currenl studies? Whol are your pions for continuing fa study and improve your English in the future? Ate you planning 10 take any courses in the near future fa improve your career or employment prospects? Introduce the topic If you con find any leoRets for longuage schools in lhe U. In Exercise 2b. Ask students to read the article more closely for Exercise 2c and underline or write down information that is relevant to them. a Web page Writing a formal e-mail requesting information Speaking discussing further education Ask students a few personalized questioos. Let them compare in pairs. looking ahead T 124 Unil12 . and then have a brief class discussion. bring them inlo class.

4 Writing skills Put students in pairs to write their list in Exercise 4a .S. you will no t be admitted to the country. Final paragraph: Conclusion Thank you very much for . After they have their original drafts back. Nominate one student to write. you won't be allowed enlry at Immigralion Control. Paragraph 2/3: Asking questions Could you please tell me . please e-mail me.. requirements. Presentation alternative If your students ore unclear about how 1 organize their e-mail.. suggestions. Ask them to choose one of the situations in exercise 3c. Also tell them to use pencil to circle any mistakes they spot. Ask a few students to read their sentences aloud to the class.T . ask students to write their e-maiJs. Elicit two or three different conditional sentences from the students and write them on the board. Additional activity Divide students into groups of six to eight. Uyau have any further questions. Ask pairs to exchange drafts. and make sure they make note of the questions not answered. write the following advice and useful 0 language on the board: Paragroph 1: Introduction I am in/eresled in attending . Suggested answl!l'S for situation 1: You have to get a visa if you want to st udy in my country. Answers: Advice An offer A requirement A promise A suggestion A warning !fyau arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. Divide Ute class into pairs for Exercise 4d . Tell pairs to read the drafts carefully. Then have them do Exercise 4b individually. Why not stay with a host family if you want to experience American home life? Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few wooks. I'm looking forward to hearing from you..• ~ 3 Grammar: functions of conditionals Ask students to do Exercise 3a . (advice) II you don't get a visa. Put the posters on the classroom walls for other students to read. Encourage readers to add any queslions they wish clarified or answered in the e-mail (in order to add more meaningful con tent) and also to write suggestions for improvement in pen. (offer) When students have fi nished. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. ask them to share their ideas with another pair in Exercise 3d . you must apply on arrivaL If you study at English@SanFrancisco. Could you let me know exadly . pool their ideas. Have students do Exercise 4c in groups of four. and write a poster with six pieces of a dvice. youcertai nly won'! regret it. .rs to write conditional sentences. andlor warnings. (warni ng) Give me a call if you wanl any advice about gelling a visa. I would like /0 find more information about . Then have them check their answers with a partner and the Grammar Swnmary on page 130.. Then put students in pai. I am writing to ask about . Unil12 T 125 Looking ahead . Do the firs t situation in Exercise 3c as an example with the class.

" a ang uage s h I urancc 3 BC . Match JO na! sentence . servicing the educational needs of over 12. please e_mail us at I tooking ahead Unit 12 . In lair mg t ~ your countr t study yo ur about the fo lIo .1Il 'scho~~erything r .all the ~~:~~i~~~t~::~ise ?a. 1 k covers.I .. b Rd' rom a ea . language schOol Join one of the most popular schoolS in Boston. V~~ . .nd . h another pair fro~JllS ed. vertlsement th:~swere~ I~ Ie .' thin the 'ad vertisemenl b I ~. and En~'ISh for AcademiC puf?0S8S' leache tS lively.:.5.1 e ow .~ e gomg to wri ask your un Ie an e-mail \ the order questions. organize d e mfo. the... g' '" yom 1i...On Welcome to . -. M k 00 at you ]" a promise a suggestion a warning d You af doaes~~1 ~~:~v~~. ex<lm preparation for the A first-class school.ud "" Summ"y ellt IS com' language.. All aUf accommodation is within a 20_minute walK from the scnool. 5 6 d Read expen ence you } s to learn y r cu ture yo ur sentenc they agree with yo~~ ~~:~:other pair and see if m" \~ w~lte cOllditioll~ sCh~tenccs .. you will ask for' f paIrs . 1he gomg to stud . then join 8'1~is\"l us at Woodlandl f or fUrther informatiOn. dynamiC lessons with native-speaKer teacners.I.. school to then pu i lli ..nO. \.000 foreign students a year. If you want to maKe real progress with )'our and have fUn at the 53me time..n. A ". Accommodation Choose the type of accommodatiOn that suits you beSt. offering yOU the very best in language learning" En~ish 10Ef\-.} ..3 Grammar: f unctions f a 0 conditionals Italic). yom longuose '. exchange vo Suggest imp'o your group to ell": k'lrr draft with f vements} "c or yo Write th e Ii Ilal e-mail. We also have excellent sports facilities on the Woodland campus. Write a lave II . . b Check your answ ers w Ith the Gram on page 130 . II I} an offer a requ irement n groups . -:-_ _ __ _ " C iOn they serve ~ook a l the condif advice 4 Writing skill s a Imagine that you arc . in the text them with the f U ll the article (in .. courses PiC from our wide range of cOurses including K for Business..... social program and sports activities 8'1jo)' our extensive prow-am from theater visits to a chance to see the famOUS soston Red Sox. u. 1 visas 2 lllg sItuations to hel 4 } med. " '" om"r " raft e-maiL mahon into para f a IOn and e When you} g phs.heck . Make a lisl of language you requYr:nf U. p un/h. an( pass th e (Irart back. I~"he" ~~~HTIod"I..".S .l lh..

\ c th '0 25% countries.-doped .l!u'u. the \\'Orld's population will havc IYaehed 10 billion. b Compare your prodict ions with other pc I A you a pessimist or an optim ist? op e. with varying degrees of accuracy.lfuture perrect} O. 1 Whi. 2025 IDeo. discuss what predictions fo th you can make about the next 30 2 Listening skills year~ follow~ng~ work .. turn to the audioscri Underline all the . ISCllSS theso questions... ecause .. Baldness: Scientists at Cornell Univcrsil)' cxperimenting with a gene cal1ed SHl-l will Q.-r. mmenl IS doing nothing 4 ~hy will unemployment gel worse? e economy will continue to dete~ior~1 c I . compare your answers. ergy IS tuo dangerous fossil f I arc runmng oul . (future lwrfecl) ure O .el) fighting over purking spacc will haYe beCOme a serious source of social conflict by 2020.ch p fCCrIctlOns do you think w'll b reahty and why? ocome 2 Which predictions might affect yo personally? U 3 h Which .3 . 2100. . and high blood pressure. . . '~ e In groll d' e sarno.rfcc _ ' ''ha d. P • Diet: Despite the advice of medical experts who consrandy point out that obd. Are thO)' th ." U I becaus~ p~~~:~n? nemp oyment? New' b the time in the ~ervicj~n~~:}::s~. if not all. n pairs." d. heart disease.m Will hoY' o. (ftill lre pr. people have tried to predict the future. ps.However. Have a look at these the major killer in many African and Asian snapshots of furore lifc and iudge fN yourself.. scientifiC research is increasingly able to paint (future progressive} an accurate picture of how things will be in the not-too-distant future..il)' can lead to diabetes.)k I d In prurs .51cilos.W of the population by 2035. new drugs haYc a clone clausc. Constirution doc'Sn't O..an d b aven't' look d ue S we renewable sources e at I hole the ido(/ of clonin but l' scientists will bu obi> I g I m pretty sure thai within the next deca~e~ c one a human being ~ b Listen agail I an d Mlswor these (IUesf 1 Wh 'I IOns. ' p . . the AIDS will be claiming a million liycs a harrowing that they make yOU wanllO stay in bed and hide under the covers.~=::sti~~t~e". most. cancers and maybe even cure (fllturcJJI~rfl!c:t ~ some of them.~r=!~d ... O • Space: wC W end of the centurY. By the year 2025." I".AIDS will be by far doom and gloom. Vacations: \vithin the ncxtL'lking 20 years. . e.r obably h3\'C found a cure for baldness by 2020. Cancer: Within th e next 25ycarS.\'croge human being will have gained 2. As long as you arc a will have heen de\'c1opcd that will ameliorate citizen and 35 years or older you are eligible. g Unlf12 Looking ahead . Not surprisingly. Porltin. . s Ie a pessimist or an optimist? a pessimist y WI I fuel be n major problem? b nuduar en ' .. w. Ie t'IOns are most important for prod' umamly 11\ general and why? 4 ~o~:~~~~~ the most terrifying predictions 2 Why will faccmasks be more there will be more 3 gave will pollution be worse? be cause th e Why ' . il will ha\'c becom!:lful purfed} passive) possible for a clone to run for president of the USA-The U. (future perfect) GLOSSARY harrowing extreme Iy WOrrylDg or upseuin ' ameliorate mab batlB . pt on page 148. r 01/ ' Future fact or future fantasy? ~idcmic Since time immemorial.oe"". 0 cr planets by the \'e \oun he on (fulure progrcssh'c) P • Population: B. b. BUl it's not a\l year. some of the results arc so P • AIDS: In only a fcw years. .S. pesslmlslic points and th' k r an optJmlsllc counter-argument ~or cae h pom! a I. . (future pl)rfect) p • Worlc Un<mploym. ~~~I~~n~a~~\et t hmcalth po~u lalion growth fa Ie vacatIOns a L'Isten and answer these questions 1 Wh o is the speaker? a politician fa ' 2 Who is he talking to? th r the People PI 3 I I ' evoters . .Which future? 1 Speaking skills a In pairs. vacations People will be 15 to space plO' Cloning: l3y 2035.' In "". ro c Now read the art icle below bo the a (OPlimisti:l p~iclions o~t.

Ask students to work in pairs to underline the pessimistic points of the speech in the audioscript on page 148 and think up and write optimistic counter-arguments. tf pollution continues to increase. sadly. Ask students to prepore on -optimistic· political speech in opposition to the speech of the politician on the recording. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Focemasks facemosks will have become common in towns and cities. Let students check their answers in pairs. There will simply not be enough space to park your cor. and then check in pairs. 1 Speaking skills Ask students to work in pairs to discuss their predictions in Exercise la . Ask students jf they agree or disagree with them. acid rain. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to burn fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now. as a result. and say who in their group is optimistic and pessimistic. our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels. I think we will be mining and building factories in ouler space. The economy will conlinue to deteriorate and. We'll be living in a world where when it rains. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lock of clear policy on genetically modified food.full. butthafs not the norm. ask one student from each group to summarize what the group said. Public and private parking lotsfull! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. I'm talking about your street. Imagine in ten years. and the way things are going. Ask students to listen and answer the questions in Exercise 2b. and tidal power. We need to look at clean.. very dark. Ask two or three confiden t students to present their speech to the closs. Suggestions: In1roduce the topic I think Chino will become the richesl and most powerful country in the world. my friends! Just imagine. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie.. renewable energy sources like solar. But what is the present government doing? In a word. End this part of the lesson by asking students to discuss the questions in Exercise 1e in groups of four or five.. vote for us. You see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemosk today. I think mos/large animals will become extinct. Alternatively. but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the heolth of our people? And thars not all. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. our future looks dark. NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this. Ask students how they think these things will be different in the future. vote for.. . perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy . Ask students to read the article . ~ ~ ~ Additional activity So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. Then put them in groups to share their ideas. so much traffic. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. Afterwards . snapshots 101 future life) = brief but reveoling pictures/images/insights 2 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise 2a . your city. our towns and citieS will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them.Objectives Grammar Topic: life in the future Pronunciation echo questions Reading a newspaper article listening a politician's speech Speaking making and discussing predictions fulure progressive and future perfect Write three or four of your own predictions for the future on the board. mark the predictions. Already gridlock is a common. much of our food will soon be genetically modified. everyday problem. Play the audio again. we will have run out of them within 0 couple of generations. wind. Irs not all depressing news. ladies and genllemon. you may invite them to post their speeches on the wall for other students to read. it will rain ACID . So on Thursday. I'm talking about your world! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic.a vote for the People Party. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. your town. Parking places on the street . II may look like the answer in the short term. Looking ahead T 126 Unit12 . a world where every living person wears a face mask. that parking will have become a major prablem. You may wish 10 check the following expressions: since lime immemorial = dating bock to a point long ago in time • Vocabulary Irs not all doom and gloom". T.. Imagine . for more shy students.

lIn a few years. Have students repeat in unison. and rise again 01 the end. perlect 3 Grammar: future progressive and future perfect Have students check answers to Exercise 3a in pairs.t .ck prononciation 4 Pronunciation: echo questions Play the audio for Exercise 4a. Do Exercise 3d as a brief class discussion. Let students listen to the audio o nce. She isn't asking a question . ask them to take turns making predictions. the world·s population wHi halle reached 10 billion: Carol Will have reached 10 billion? Peter Yes. Play the audio for Exercise 4c. pause. here. The main problem is that students lend 10 oyoid using them. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lilies a year? Peter Yes. For Exercise 4b. 6l~--------------------------------. Point out the form of the two lenses. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! Carol is sW"prised. She doesn't believe it. listen to this: -In a few years. Let them check answers in pairs. Ask stud ents to listen and respond. To soy these e<:ho questions corre<:lIy. particularly in controlled silualions. the world's population will halle reached 10 billion! 10 billion? Have reached 10 billion? Will have reached 10 billion? In a fll'N years.. which. the world's populalion will have reached 10 billion. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lives a year? 2 Peter I don't believe this! It says within 50 years. Discuss the questions as a class. By 2030.1> @ Qu. since mony languages hove comparable forms and uses. Ask two or three individuals to repeat. expresses sW"prise. Ht . However. the blue whole will have died ouI! Carol Will have died aut? 3 Peter Oh. paying aUention to the intonation patterns they hear. and listen to this: By 2030. and let students shout out an echo question. 10 billion! Peter This is horrific. Ask students to listen and answer the question. within two generations the average life span of a person will have increased by 20 years! Carol Will have increased by 20 years? 6 Peter And listen to this one: Within 50 years. streets will disappear in cities. People will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods! Ca rol Will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods? ~' - By 2100. isn't it. Usten to this: -In a few years. T hen replay and pause the recording afte r each stateme n t. \o:. Play the audio for Exercise 4d. 50% of the world's workforce will be working from home! Carol Will be working from home? 4 Peter This is incredible. fall a little. they should not be too tricky. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! A million? Oaiming a million lives a year? Will be claiming a million lives a year? Unit 12 T 127 Looking ahead . I M in Q beautiful house. Ask students to complete the article in Exercise 3e. students need to star! with their intonation high (and disbelieving!). Common errors Overusing simple present instead of more complex future forms. When they are ready. AHow two or three minutes for students to think ofthings to say for Exercise 5b. Peter 11 says here: -By 2100. then leI it rise. In 2030. guide @ •• 5 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to put the lime expressions in Exercise 5a in the chart. terrible. opting for simpler forms. The future progressive (will + be+ present participle] and the fu ture perfect I will + have + past participlel both have complex forms. play the audio again. play the recording again . Use Exercise 3b to check that students can recognize the form. Then play each statement.it is an echo question . Answers: The predictions: By 2100. ffi Quick grammar guide: future progressive and futu".~------------. Do the first statemen t as a class to get students started. If students don't d o this very well the lirst lime. the water level will have risen by 50 centimeters! Carol Will have risen by 50 centimeters? 5 Peter Can this be true? It says. 1 Peter This is horrific.

III fact. (work) from 2 will be working home. Those who have to go out to work 3 will he using (use) clean hydrogen-powered transportatio n that will produce little or no pollution. ~ b Listen agai n. This tense is used for activities that will be in progress at a particular time in the future. We 5 will be geUing (get) some energy from windmills but much of it will be generated in our own homes by rooftop solar panels. make predictions about your personal fu ture and the fu ture of your country. d Which areas of the article do you agree with? Which areas do you disagree with? Which view of the future do you feel is more realistic: the view stated in the listening or the one in the text above? by tilen within a month before December within a generation this time next week before the government changes by next June by next summer by 2010 Near future by Saturday this time tomorrow next month Distant futu re in 20 years wilhin the next 20 years wiLhin a generation by then within a month before December this time nexl week by 2010 by then before the government changes before the government changes by next June hy next summer h In pairs. and do our shopping will be close at hand. What are the two predictions? a Match these predictions from the article with the descriptions that follow. With in the nex t two years. which will produce hydrogen to be used on days when there is no sunshine. many of us 1 will he living (live) in neighborhoods where the air is clean and where places to wo rk. play. clai ming a million lives a year. @ d Now listen to six things Peter says and respond with an echo question. Use these topics. I'll be working ill my father's company.3 Grammar: future progressive and fu ture perfect 4 Pronunciation : echo questions ~ a Listen to Peter and Carol discussing an article about the future. e In pairs. Look at the time expressions commonly used with these tenses and add them to the chart below. comp leted before a definite time or event in the future. the world's population will have question? reached 10 billion. Many people. c An optimistic future By the year 2025. the A IDS epidemic will be ~ c Listen and repeat what Carol says. In only a few years. fo r personal predictions. carcinogens 8 will have di sappeared (disappear) from food produced in this way. education work population the economy traffic potlution travel By 2010. progressive for prodictions in the near future and Use the future perfect or the future progressive. make some crazy predictions about some of these aspects of the future. I wjll /Jove graduated. looking ahead Uni! 12 . Most homes 6 will have a lso installed (also install) a basem ent fuel unit. Which are in the fu ture perfec t 5 Speaking skills and which are in the fu ture progressive? 11 We can use the future perfect and future c Complete the fo llowing article about the fu ture. What is Carol's reaction to tile predictions? Is Carol reaUy asking Peter a 1 By 21 00. People 4 will he returning (return) to riding bicycles because of the increased awareness of the effects of pollution and the importance of regular exercise. many people 7 will be G rowing (grow) food in their backyards or buying it from nearby organic far ms. In order to avoid chemicals. and respond to each b Th is tense is used for activities that will be other with echo questions. Since these far ms will employ natural forms of pest control. computers entertainment money the world water food b Read through the predictions in the text in Exercise t again.

backward or staying where you are. This type of card is unpredictable and may result in you moving forward. Sports. General knowledge. the team is penalized and has to move back one space. Grammar. The only cxC{)ption to the correct answer . they tell the team secretary. and Entertainment. Science. It is also the job oftho Quizmaster to control the two teams the same as a referee does in a soccer game. The team can discuss the question together and when they decide on the answer they wish to give. Unil12 looking ohead . Only the secretary can give the answer. You move forward one space at a time by correctly answering questions on seven different topics. Each pair oftoams has a Quizmaster whoso job it is to read tile questions to each learn and to keep scoro. Words. The questions are given to the team by the referee or "Quizmaster". There can be 8S many pairs of teams as needed. People. If another member of the team says their answer before the secretary.f h game This is a team game and the aim is to be the first team to cross the finish line. The Quizmaster is not pari of a learn. The game is played in two teams of three or four players.one space forward· rule is when you land on the "wild card".

Tell them that they are going to take a quiz and that they have to choose a secretary . light-hearted way of practicing spoken English. and one of two students. they have to start asking questions. a good way to start is to give every student a number by counting and pointing at students like this: 1. 2. (These should have been photocopied and cut out in advance. 3.2. Work out in advance how you are going to organize the classroom. 4.one person who will write down the group's answer for each question. and be sure you prepare enough photocopies of the quiz cards for your students in advance of the game. Go over any questions about the rules before getting started. and reviewing some language al the end of the course. 2.) Set a time limit for the quiz. and walk around the class as students play. You should have four grou ps of four.Objectives Grammar Topic: end-ol-year quiz Reading instructions language and conlent U5tening a quiz Speaking an end-af-year quiz of Student's Book The aim of this activity is to provide a fun. You can find the quiz cards on page 1'129. Finally. 1. Once they have tossed a coin to decide which teams starts. if you have 18 students. 5. Tell them to join the teams. 1. and tell groups 3 and 4 to sit facing around a board on the right-hand side. The secret of success is to manage the activity carefully. 4. Tell students to read the rules of the game carefully. Tell groups 1 and 2 to sit facing each other around one of the quiz boards on the left·hand side of the class. For example. 3.3. 5.4. 2. 4. Tell students to form groups. 1. lookingoheod T 128 Unit 12 . Read through the task first to make sure you really understand it. give the quizmasters the quiz cards. answering any questions they may have. 3.

neithe r of the. Alt ho ugh/Though/Evon tho llgh thoy oro rich. J Change the word to in this sentence without changing the meaning of the sen tence. some.Quiz cards Grammar Change the word but in this sentence Wlthout changing the meaning of the sentence. (ANSWER: in a). Friends of the Earth) 8 Wha t is the world's population? (ANSWER: six billion) 9 Can you give me the names of three of the biggest ki llers in the deveklped world? For example. the javelin. which in turn will cause infectiolls diseases to spread. nono of the ..) Rephrase this sentence. and cancer) 10 Name the country that has a population of about 1 billion people.) Imagine you heard this sentence on the news and you want to report It back to me. thoy are unha ppy. They are rich BUT unhappy. use the future progresSIVe in one and the future perlect In the other. (ANSWER: St udy ing is the only way to pass tlle exam.S) (ANSWER: Number 1 is football. distance running) 7 INhat is the modern in ternatIOnal sportll1g competitIOn In which people of all nationalities compete in varIOUS sports? (ANSWER: Olympic Games) 8 In which sport do pjayers "slam dunk"? (ANSWER: basketball) 9 Can you give me the first and se<:ond most popular spectator sports in the U. (There are many possibilities here. or an illegal substance that afferu people mentally or physically when they take it? (ANSWER: a dmg) 5 Name the process in wtlich heat is unable to escape from the atmosphere and causes the tempera ture of the eanh to nse.) 5 What is the name of the international sports comp!?tition wtlere teams from around the world compete for the title of the best soccer team? (ANSWER: World Cup) 6 Name five trad and field spoIlS. Possible answer: 1"1/ call you evory day if you IOTllllmo 10. (ANSWER: true. T hey are unhappy although/even though \hey are rich. (Ma ny possibilities here. l'YE'ry. b) If I got the job. Make himlher a promISe.. There will.) Make two predictions about the future. They have to be logical.) Name five different quantifier.thirds or. II quarter f two. the high jump.) Is thIS true or false J A noun d. man). 1"11 buy a cell phone. they lifO unhappy. sprinting.V 2006 . II lot of. [ got up early in order to catch the bus. no. too. for example. (ANSWER: Tho nowscaster said (that) the werld's population would grow to eight billion by 2020. Number 2 is baseball. vinlses like influenza ami AIDS. either. severn!. every. I got up early to catch the bus. SA de C. The woOd"s populatIOn will grow to eight billion by 2020. General knowledge Where did Ca~ra come from originally? (ANSWER: Africa) 2 Which insect can Jump 100 centimeters? (ANSWER: a flea) 3 Who wrote A Hundred Years of Solitude? (ANSWER: Gabriel Garcia Marquez) 4 Which (feature can lift 50 times its own weight? (ANSWER: an ant) 5 Name the country in Asia which consists of four large islands. (ANSWER: The Greenhouso Effect) 6 What is the name of the unit used for measuring temperature? (ANSWER: a degree) 7 Can you give me the chemical formula for watef? (ANSWER: HP) 8 What IS the name lor the complete set of genes in a living thll"lg? (ANSWER: The genome) 9 Name at ledst three of the possible efferu of dirnate change. half (01). strokes. all (the). each. (ANSWER: Japan) 6 What does IQ stand for? (ANSWER: Inte lligence Quotient) 7 Name one International e<oIoglcal organization? (ANSWER: Greenpeace. be some benefits.·or some fanners. There will be heat WIiVes and Illore air pollution. many of whom are Hindus. In the 17th century) 2 What is Muhammed Ali's daughter's name? (ANSWER: leila) 3 What does the INOfd karate mean? (ANSWER: empty hilnd) 4 Can you name three different martial arts? (ANSWER: karate. Start : The newscaster. (ANSWER: the long jump. but the sentences have to be "predictions" and they also have to make sense!) Science What is the everyday term for the chemical formula CO/ (ANSWER: carbon dioxide) 2 What does 'GM' stand for In "GM foods "? (ANSWER: Genetically Modified) 3 What percentage of our body weight is water? (ANSWER: 60%) 4 What am I describing: A substance that a doctor prescribes to cure people of an illness. I'd buy a cell phone.. (a) li n Ie. hardly any. water resources will increase or decrease: there will be more floods IlIld drough t. (ANSWER: heart disease. II"s the first conditional. however.) Your boy/girlfriend is leaving to study in Canada for two months.:Iuse can be the subject or the object of II senterx:e.) 10 HooN much of the earth's surface IS coYef!'d by water? (ANSWER: 70%) ' spons Where and when did karate start? (ANSWER: Japan.. Moderate warming will fa. (ANSWER: Indial 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 (ANSWER: [ got up early so as to catch the bus. the discus. capoeira. Judo.) In wtlich of these two sentences is the event more likely to happen? a) If I get the job. hurdles. II great/good deal of. The only way to pass the exam is to study.. tae kwon do. however. Begin it by using II form of the verb study. ) 10 Which sport did Sebastian Cae excel In? (ANSWER: distance runlllng) More Quiz cards ore on on page T260 !II Unil1 2 T 129 l ookingaheod _bIe C E<iIori(JI Moo:miIon de ~o. (a) few. Sea levels will rise in some constal areas. the hammer. (ANSWER: Climate change will forte some species of birds to migrate. howc\'er. (ANSWER: both. (ANS WER: They are rich.

you Y teams. toss a coin to see which team starts. When you toSS a com. Qui l. then check it to shaoN that it has been used. If the teams finish befOfe others in their class. Quizmasters. looking ahead . Heads.The Rules of the Game 1 Decide how many pairs of teams will play. they move forward. If the team answers correctly. 2 Select one Quizmaster for ~ pair of USEFUL LANGUAGE . 5 The other team star1s. . you \I'm. The other team is nO'N asked a question. 3 Move into your teams and select a team 4 A. they stay where they are and wart until it is their turn again. 6 7 8 9 10 secretary. You slar!. join your teams. read a question from the categOl)'. sa heads or '011 5. If the answer is incorrect. Quizmasters. I Tails.JllastCr: . Quizmaster5. yO ll lose. Heads. Cootinue until the game is finished . Your teacher will give you the questions. . they should 'MlI'k in their teams and WTlte some more questions to ask the opposite team.

(go) for lOts of country walks. The fdlowing wool< t 7 will be stayjng (stay) in a hotel in london. In two weeks /he politiCians win completely different. failed In physiOtherapy by June. 12 wjll have arrjved (arrive) in London.. I 8 will he dQjna:. My sister 3 will be Wilj1jll~ (wait) for me. you must provide proof of major in artIhiSlory be accepted to a cotlege or university do a degree in biochemistry/modern languages take a course in history Replace the words in italic with a word or phrase from the two lists above. ruture perfect: wllVwon'r + have + past participle They'll have demolished the building by the rime you arrive. graduAte 6 1he exam M Next Sunday. pass 2 Future progressive and future perfect Use We use the future progressNe to talk about a situation 01" an action thai will be in progress at a definite time in the Mure: 3 1 EA~ 19th'.~e/! on my last malh test. gol 5 I expect to flAeM IH)' eefle§8 68tff68 in electronics next year. got good grades 4 She eel6:R88 excellent grades on the exam. I can't help you. (do) a 101 of shoppng and going to shQv. These are often based on the loon of the rll'St conditionaJ (see Unit 4).Is. \lVhile I'm in England. Julia will have completed her course 8 I liitlfl'f j8688 my driving test so now I have to 96 it ageiR. Warnings If you don't tell me what the problem is. were tested on We use the future perlect to talk about a situation Of an actoo that win be completed by or befOff! a specific time in the future: 7 Harry 13 310d. Don'/ caRJlffllhis evening . be accepted to identity.. scorestgrades be tested on a topic/subject a lesVexam review /0( a tesVexam 2 Further education lake a course - Suggestfons Why not travel by train if you want 10 enter a graduate program see more of /he countryside? Requirements If you want /0 open 8 bank account. Here are some convnon fooctions of !irs! condillOl"\als: Advice If you want /0 moot new people.<6~ ItIs English exam.. (spend) a lot of money but r 10 will haVe seen (see) a lot of great shows. (tIy1 to England.he'll be watching the bg game. This tllne tomorrow I 1 will he O). I'H be lying on beach in Rio. is taking relake it Wail for me.. M ake any changes necessary. the a novel we hadn't was unfcur . Offers Contact me if you need clarification on any of these points.jllJ. I 4 will be sla)'illa (stay) WIth he( and her husband in the country. Unil12 looking ahead . 2 I don't think I will ever §e. I'H have finished the dishes in five minutes. but sometimes use modal verbs and imperatives in the main clause instead of Vt1II\'VOf'I't. 15 will he slo)'j!l~ (stay) with them for a week and we 6 will II!: goine. By two o'ckx:k. We often use the prepositions by and before with the future perfect 1'/1 have sent the report to you by/before Friday. be arguiflg about something Complete the paragraph with the future progressive or future perfect of the verbs in parentheses.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Functions of conditionals Vocabulary Summary 1 Tests passltail a tesVexam get goodIbad lake/retake We often use conditionals to express functJons su:h as advice and promises. I 9 will have sl!lilll. By the end of my stay.. so I'll take some pictures for you. ..r ill~ computing at COllege now.' H+. I Ihink it's very diffICUlt 10 eH#eF Harvard. try joining dubs or a gym. We oftefl use the tIme expressions in X weekslmonthslyears and within (Ihe next) X weel<slmonthslyears with the Mure progre5SlVe: People wiD be traveling in fuel efficient cars within the next ten years. I hope.we hB~ /19 eil8l.ef~I!!l1>8I!!I sludied.. Fo= future progressive: wilVwon'r + be + -ing verb We 'll be wsitlng at the end of the pia/form when your train arrives. Promises /'11 be very careful If you Jet me use the car lomght.

~ 0:::: ::) Section 3: Writing You have 60 minutes to complete this section.fl Ln a wry !A-mp'. Use the examiners' criteria and the scoring system tc give the student's work a final score.J o Q. Talk about any new techniques you have tried. I ek at the new vocabulary entries you have made c Since Unit 11. Having a structure for approaching writing is crucial. too infermal.TV t 2 ~ake a list of differences between writing a timed essay and . 5 Revise your first draft. when? b Many people think that passing an English test only requires. 3 Organize your notes into paragraphs. too.huns e:ve:ry#u:1/.a. 3 Will you ever have to write a timed essay in English in the future? If yes. good time management IS essential.e.k ~ ''fi a>Ui ' usually bqp >VK1y fad /axi5.s a 2 Make notes that answer the question. Look at these seven recommended steps. or jusl right? Reader: Hew easy would it be for the reader te understand what the writer says? /5 /5 questions. Write your article for the International TV magazine (150-1S0 words). til£. is it too formal. impreve the student's answer by correcting the mistakes. good Eng.e "¥.one witheut a time limit.C) z - The writing part of an exam 1 Looking at an exam question Read this exam question. which are underlined. As tests are timed. I i:eLeYl/nq tius and -me fdvre j trof. The best three will be published in January's edition of International TV magazine. I a In groups. 4 Having a strategy j wrJ.ed aJ..e to w an op. I he I-. Can you lind it? 1 Read the question very carefully.one year! Total score for Question 1 Scoring system 5 "" ex. Write your final answer neatly in the test booklet. o >o u. You may make notes and write drafts on the paper provided. ! . tk . That is true but yeu need test-taking strategies.lish.J > u.-_~"''tt-"t""". as well. _1J1q. ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: werking w ith vocabulary Put yeur strategies into action! Write your answer te the exam question in Exercise 1. Successful entrants will receive a free subscription to the magazine fer . How easy would it be for you to answer this question? ~<J<I REVIEW ReVj~w your action ptan: working with vocabulary - t~ I~ pairs."/UOlt on. There is one mistake in the order. Criteria 1 Content: hew fully did the candidate answer the question? Score for this work Question 1 Imagine you have just seen the following advertisement for an international TV magazine.t ~US':' . Has the question been completely answered? Do you think this would pass or fall? Why? 3 Editing the sample In pairs. !la-nue OUWY5 shylY. "J l . looking ohead Unit 12 . /5 -' 2 3 4 Accuracy: how accurate is the grammar and vocabulary? Variety: how varied is the grammar and vocabulary? Organizatien: How clear is the text? Are ideas logically . {/a-nue b!:. 7 Write your essay again. b Look at the answer more carefully. 4 Write a draft using complete sentences.. a. 6 Allow time te proofread your final essay. discuss these questiens._"locc="'lL'::~_ _1 """"c'.cellent 4 := very good 1 = poor 0 := ve ry poor 3 == good 2 '" borderline /5 130 2 Examining a sample answer a Read this lest-laker's answer. 1 Have yeu ever written a timed essay in yeur language or in English? q:.organized and does the w riting flow smoothly? /5 /5 InlemalionallV magazine • What is your favorite show on TV? • Why do you like it? We are looking for short artictes answering these 5 6 Style: Hew appropriate is the style for the context? I.

b.t. c.he automobile heard of. H owever' One farmer told us that h~ e ects of climate change. IS crops had benefited from Experts predict that b temperatures 3 end of the cenrury P . over 90% of it is new. 5 A When my mom died she len me 33. said that if we didn't tak . (ought) The government requires that more money ought to be spent on p ublic health care 3 "I have no idea who the murderer is. 1 Give me a call e 2 If you lend me five dollars. hadn't been invenrcd Slog ~at If r. Whole cities 2 action IS not taken opinion is dividcd~n th ffithreatened. d 3 If you take that without asking her. Use the words in pa rentheses. which ofthese shirts would you like? B I need more shirts so I'll take bothlalVeyetJ one of them. 5 II's the weather I like most ahout Greece. ' ~fessor Greenmore of the U· ." she sa id. 4 A Is all ofthe equipment in the computer room new? B No. the effects of long-term effect Could be accelerate and the Professor Greenmore sa~atastro~hic. a . b 4 If you want to joi n the swimming club. two answers may be possible. The Water I~~el has been [lsmg in coastal areas and if . if you need my help. J a warmmg 5 _ _ __ b . 1 You have to wear a he lmet at all times on the building site (worn) A helmet must be worn at all times on the building site. 2 It is a requirement of the government to spend more money on public health care. everyone all both hardly any a little a few several two thirds half 1 A OK. c get @)lave been getting 2 a might have been (JYwill be c have d have been 3 a are increasing @ vi\l have increased c will be increasing d increase 4 a would have b may @ vould d will 5 a will never be b had never been beard @ vould never have hoon d won't be Global warming or global warning'f d Match the two halves to make complete and logical sentences . B And the other two Ibirds are equally divided between your brother and sister. sir. th at hardly any of the students came.'I'm thinking about what you said. please. the increase in rain. 4 . Furthermore. In some cases. (told) She told me that sbe was thinking about what lsaid . to be precise. (thing) Tbe weather is tbe tbinl that 1 like most about Greece c Choose the correct answer. right? b Complete the second sentence so that it mea ns tbe same as the firs t one. or d to fill in the blanks in the article on the right. I'll pay you back tomorrow.a Fill in the blanks using an appropriate expression of quantity. c 5 Try linding a cheaper apartment a a b c d e if you want to save money." she said. ruverslty of Maryland climate change 4 e action SOOn. she'll be angry. The effects of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 1 WOrse and worse and if nothing is done they will COntinu: to have a damaging effect ~n the quality of life. 3 A Why are there so few students at school today? B There was so much snow.y 2. you have 10 be at least 12 years old. (claim) She claimed to havelthat she had no idea who the murderer was .5 degrees. . 2 A Do you usc any salt in your cooking? B JUSI enough to give the food a little more flavor. 1 a gOI b were gettin.33% of the property. Yes. bul most of it is.

® mmething placed in a person. ___ ' ___ . Environmental organizutions 12) say that GM foods should not jd' be imposed un til we know mo re about the dangers. c m eat and vegetables. 4 A bottle of: _ _ . 1 A pesticide is chemi cal used to kill insects. 11) pesticides could become a thing of the past. g Think ortwo words that are ofte n used with the following containers. ® Which kind orTV show do these lines come from? Choose from the list orTV shows in the box.. future perfect future progressive present perfect present perfect progressiv~ 1 By March. Complete the text with a word or words from the box. _ __ 3 A jar of. But I passed them and tlnally entered the uni versity that fall . (work) present perfect progressive f Read the text below and look carefully at each line.6 be taken seriously by environmcntal /C 8) orga nizHtions. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which s hould not be there. ! failed my final high schoo l exams. animnl. 2 The genome is a someone who is very intelligenl. OK . (live) future p rogressive 3 In ten years.1roline! I love you! And whal about the ch ildren? soap opera Both teams now have 12 points.getting into college. sports show 5 Host: And when did you know yo u wanled to be an aclress? talk show Actress: Since I was about six . If they are reall y opposed to the use of pesticides in 9) fa rming. c something you feed animals. Not all the words are used. the news A long pass . If we do not accept GM foods. I spent all summer 3 reviewing for the exams while my friends were out having fun. Team B.. 5 A flood is a a period of exlreme dryness.. If 7) The oplion of GM food should . 1 A bagof. 4 Crops aro a food for nnimal s.e Choose the best hmse from the list below to complete the sentences. quiz show News has just come in abou t the conti n uing civil war in Zalibad . so Illfld to 2 retake them. I've been working with a petrochemical company ever s ince then.. _ _ 5 A carton of: ___ . Check (v) the correct lines and cross ()O those where there is an extra word. Janssen passes the ba ll but Makelele intercepts. (watch) present per fect 5 1'111 exhallsted. I have watched enough TV ror today.year 4 .1. But yo u can 't leave me. G!\'I Foods: a possibl e solution? 1) Genetically modified food has become a conlroversial subject 21 in recent yea rs. ___ _ h Choose the best definition of the following words. b water used to make plants grow. :J An implant is a something YO ll pu l in the ground . 4) whOSE) population has been \1I«f increasing at alarming rates.. c a substance that makes plants grow.he complete set of genes in a living thing..degreeJn chemistry and after that 15 djd a Master's and specialized in petroch emicals. Use the verb in parentheses. (finish) future perfect 2 This time noxt year. . Diane Case has this . so I'm goi ng to bcd. or plant. tal k show current affairs documentary dra ma movie music program q u iz show reality TV s itcom soap opera s ports show the news va riety show 1 2 3 4 Harry.lI1 t lo watch the midnight movie. famine wil! increase. moves past Wilson and shoots. _ _ ' _ _ _ 2 A can of: . I used to sing and da nce fo r guests w hen they . (find) future perfect 4 I dou' t w.. thell they must ~ consider the fact that GM foods are resistant e 10) to insects and if we J}JIe" change 10 GM foods in twenty years. c th e history of a fami ly. Our repo rtor. II 's a goal! What a goall The goalkeeper didn 't stand a chance. we will have finished the house.. _ K5) Scientists predict that it will have ~ doubled by Ihe end of the 6) 2'lst century..<!!»lants that are grown for food. I did a four. I have_been working all day non-stop. C. When did . Many I)f'scien1ists argue that GM food should be 3) adopted as th e onl y so lution to the problem of feeding the world. ~} large amount of water that suddenly covers an area. we will be Jjying in our new house. (li). scientists will have found life on Mars. b a medicine given to animals. this question is for you. did getting into pass good grade fa il a test degree in retake reviewing for I had a hard time 1 .

Here are a famous American person and place which many people consider to be beautiful.------"Everything has its beauty ..1' 2 What kinds of problems does the song refer to? a global b fam ilyGPersonal 3 What is the overall tone of the song? @ ptimistic b neutral c pessimistic Song 1 Beautiful . Do you think they 're beautiful? Why / Why not? b Choose three people or places from your country and tell your group why you think they are the most beautiful. J) but not everyone sees U Confucius 1 Getting started a Work in groups. Which is the most appropriate answer to these questions? 1 Where is the beauty the singer describes in the song? Q nside ourselves b in the world around us c nowbere to he found ..Beautiful by Christina Aguilera . 2 Listening for gist ~ Read the questions and then listen to the song..

So 11 d on'l yoy bring me down today No matter what we do. words can't bring you down. to be consumed in all your doom to feel thaI your situation is so terrible thai you can only feel negative about everything. Trying hard to fill the 8 emptiness .. 'Cause you are beautiful 10 in every s ingle way Yes.. I am beautiful 4 no mailer wh at they say Words can't bring me down . I'm so ashamed.. oh . five. to bring someone down to depress someone. b In groups. Is that the way it is? You are beautiful 9 no mailer what they say Words can't bring you down. breathe shine 'Cause we are beautiful 13 no mailer what they say Yes. So 15 don 't you brillg me clown today .. and six arc repealed. discuss these questions. How much do you agree with this? Can you think of any occasions when words havo hurt you or someone you know? . no. Nole that the expressions in numoors four. We are beautiful 14 no mailer what they sa y Yes.. 1 What is the song ahout? Z Why does the subject pronoun change from ''I'' in the first verse and chorus to "you" in the second verse and chorus and then to "we" in the iast verse and chorus? GLOSSARY wonhIlyria sI"_'' ""'" 4 Finishing off Discuss those questions. left the puzzle undone. no. the piece is gone. words won'l bring us down. Z There is an expression in English: Slicks and stones con breok your bones but words can never hurt YOII.3 Listening for deta il ~ a Lislen and complete the song lyrics. oh. it's hard to 2 Now and then I get 3 insecure from all the pain... you're 7 delirious So consumed in all your doom. to be delirious 10 think or talk in a confused way because you are menIally or p hysically ill. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And evel)"'Nhere we go the sun will always 12 But tomorrow will find a way on the other side. no matter what we say. words can't bring us down.. no. I am beautiful 5 in every single way Yes. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. So 6 don't vou bring me down today To all your friends. what is it you like? lfnot. Beautiful Don't look at me Every day is so 1 wonderful then suddenly. words can't bring me down. oh no. Instruments Beautiful . what don't you like about it? Use the ideas on the right to help you. oh.

you know they're going to 6 make up and become friends again.. two of the characters. is a chef. or both? 3 Do you have a different relationship with your male and fema le fri ends? 4 How did you meet them? 5 What do you have in common with your friends? 6 Where do you usually hang out? 7 Have you ever really fallen out with any of your fri ends? 8 What kinds of things have you had fi ghts about? 9 How did you manage to make up with them? 10 Have you ever dated any of your fri ends? c In pairs. But one thing that is constant throughout is their friendship. while two others. You can use the words in the box below or your own ideas. 1 Do all your friends know each other or do you have separate groups of fri ends? 2 Are your friends male. settle figh t fall bang there make downs common b Write down the names of two or three of your closest friends.. In fact. either in their careers or private lives. Each one of them knows that if they are down. Song2 111Be There ForYou \. while her brother.. for instance. II looks as if Joey and Phoebe will never rea lly 7 settle down. Monica and Chandler. The other characters have jobs ranging from massage therapist to soap opera actor. have a baby together. female . Ask and answer the other questions if you want to.. there wi ll always be someone 8 tbere for them. get married.. two oflhe friends have a 4 fight and 5 fall out but before long. Monica.. Over the years. talk about the questions you chose. Think about what you can say about the friends you've chosen.I'll Be There For You by the Rembrandts Fr iends "Friends" is about a group of six young New Yorkers who share apartments and 1 hang out in the same toffee shop_ They don't seem to have very much in 2 common .. is a paleontologist.I . Ross. their relationships have their ups and 3 downs • From time to time. Ross and Rachel. Read the questions and pick four that you'd like to talk about. 1 Getting started a Read this text about the American comedy series "Friends" and fill in the blanks.

Your job's a joke.. how m uch of it di d yo u un derstand before? images central message music instruments . or even your year.:-_ me. . T You're lale for work. your week.. Yeah! It's like you're always stuck in second gear. 2 Have you heard it before? If so. Song 2 . Your 8 mother warned you there'd be days like these. 1 Do you like the song? if yes.. but some of them are not true. F 3 Listening for detail ~ Read the words of the song and then listen and fill in the blanks. T 3 This was a great year for you. In other words. You can only go very slowly in second gear! So if your life seems to be going nowhere. yo u could say you're stuck in second gear. your week. but . II's like you're always 3 stuck in second gear. or even your year. your love life is a disaster! stuck in secon d gear This is 8 driving metaphor. 1 Everyone told you life wou ld be like this. T Everything's fine today.~ T hese sentences about the song are in the right order.. T 5 6 7 8 I know you' re my friend. your month. what is it you like? lf llot.. And it hasn 't been your day. And it hasn't been your day. knees Chorus singer's voice 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. day with. Even at my worst..2 Listening for gist '-..A. J 2 You do n 't like you r job. but . I'll Be There For You So no one told you 1 life was gonna be this way. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your 9 Chorus No one could ever 10 _--"~o w kn ~. you're 2 broke your love life's D. F 4 I'll always be your friend. F I'm an easy person to undersland .. stands for 'dead on arrival' . no one could ever see me.. make it through all the rest with Someone to face the 11 Someone I'll always 12 laugh with. Seems you' re the only one who knows w hat it's like to be me. your ffiDflth.D. The first two have been do ne fo r you as examples. I'm best with you. things are going great.. Listen and put ur" next to the true sentences and "F" next to the false sentences. what don't you like about it? Usc the ideas on the right to help you. I' ll be there for you pour When the rain starts to 4 I'll be there for you like I've been there 5 before I'll be there for you 'Cause you're there for me 6 too You're still in bed at ten and work began at 7 eight You've burned your breakfast so far..

Now. "'-' it's a mystery to me. isn'. Listen and circle the correct answer for each of the questions below. I saw them looking at rings in a jewelry store.Cry Me A River by Justin TImberlake 1 Getting started a Match the firs t and second halves of thase sentences. 4 J bet he's going to give the job to d And rea. '-.-___ a so can'. working because b Guess the meaning of the words in bold from the context. For example. with your parlner. you could say: I bet my brother's going to marry his girlfrie nd. the context is work. 6 Can you find out why the Intern~ f it meant everything to me../ 2 Listening for gist ~ You're going to listen to a song in which a guy tells a girl about their relationship. 1 Whose plans were destroyed? 2 Who fo und out about them? 3 Who burned their bridges? 4 Who wasted their opportunity? 5 Who cried a river before? 6 Who's going to cry a river now? h is~ 9 / hcr him. c Now check your answers by matching the expressions in bold with the correct meaning below. by arriving late for the interview.-€D him~ CE!9'her hi ~ 5ong3 Cry Me A River . a to get information 6 b to seem as if it has been destroyed 5 c to waste an opportunity 2 d to be sure of something 4 e to be driven crazy by something/someone 3 f to make sure there is D O chance of going back 1 d In the sentences above. we go back to the old one? she's always been his favorite ! 2 She's really blown her chance of b th e job 3 This new computer program is c rea lly messing with my head. in fact I'm sure of it because 5 My whole world came crashing e down when I lost my job · ~ told his colleagues exactly what he thought ofth em. 1 He really burned his br idges when he left the company when he . use the same expressions to describe a relationship.

I 5 refu se : you must have me confused w ith some other guy. 13 already know. you made 2 other plans. Chorus (Oh) The damage is done so I guess I be 9 leaving You don't have to say what you did. Cry me a river. And don't it make you 10 sad about it. Girl. yeah yeah 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. I already know. I found out from him. don't let that be. You know that they say some things are bener left unsaid. Then listen and check. no. Cry me a river. But I bet you didn't think the thing would come crashing down. 50 you took a chance. Cry me a river Go on and just cry me a river 'Cause I've already cried Cry me a river yeah yeah Ain't gonna cry no more. don't let that be. al l 4 alone 7 Now you tell me you need me when you call me on the phone. But it wasn't like you only 7 talked to him and you know it. I found out from him . Why did you leave me. And don't it make you sad about it. then you may not have blown it. for you and me. what is it you like? If not. Cry me a river.3 Listening for detai l ~ Complete the SOilS with the words in the box. You don't have to say what you did. what don 't you like about it? Use the idoas below to help you. Images central mess. (Don't act like you don't know it). You should've picked B honesty . musk: instruments Z Imagine that you wore one of the singer's closest friends. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. Now there's just no chance. leaving sad other refuse earth a lready talked honesty alone turn Cry Me A River You were my sun. you were my 1 earth But you didn't know all the ways I loved you. for you and me. Your bridges are burned and now it's your 6 turn to cry. Now there's Just no chance. What things could you say to him to mako him feel beller? . You told me you loved me. AU of the things people told me keep messing with my head . Cry me a river. no.

how could " misreading" be a problem in a relationship? 2 Listening for gist ~ a Listen and put the pictures in the order you hoar them mentioned in the song. 6 We don'. h Having listened to the song once. did YO ll learn anythi ng else about what the singer means by the phrase "Don'. a 5 Don'. if you hoar about a door being closed first. For exam ple. Thinking ahout the six words in exercise l b and the title. Before you listen to the song. how might they be connected with a song abou t a relationsh ip? For instance. I wenl to the wrong street . b 2 Pi ease do not discard food containers Oil the beach. b The six highlighted words in the sentences below are all in the song. then write the number 1 next 10 that picture. We're just goi ng to wander around tho city for a few hours. need a map. 1 Sorry I'm late. leI The SUn Go Down On Me . read the sentences and then match the words with the correct definitions below. e 3 Unfortunately.Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John 1 Gett ing started a This song was a big hit for Elton John and George MichaeL Toll your partner anything you know about these Iwo s ingers. leI the sun go down on me"? 5ong4 Don'. d ©. r 4 A fr agment of a lost Shakespeare play has beon discovered in tho British library.the colors will fade.I must have mis rea d the address. dry your now I-shirt in the sun . c a a small piece b read incorrectly c to walk without any direction or fixed purpose d become weaker or less bright e throw away f become we ll or whole again c The tit le of the song you are going to hear is "Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me". his broken leg look several months to hea l.

Look on the hrisht side. c Do you have similar expressions in your language? Tell your partnor about a time whon you needed to use or hoar one of these expressions.3 Listening for detail ~ a Read tho words of tho song and then listen and fill ill the blanks. Where there's life. Too late to save myself from 4 falling I took a chance and changed your way of life But you misread my 5 meaning when I met you Closed the door and left me blinded by the 6 light Don't let the sun go down on me 7 Although I search myself. "Don't lot tho sun go down on me" cou ld mean "Don't tako away a ll hope". it's always someone else I see I'd just allow a fragment of your life to wander 8 free But 9 losing everything is like the sun going down on me. . what don't you like about it ? Use the ideas below to help you. Hero are other expressions in English abou t "light" and "hope". there's hope. words/tyrks images stnger's voke cent. All my pictures seem to fade to black and white tired and time stands still before me I'm growing 2 Frozen here on the :3 ladder of my life.al message rhythm music chorus instruments b The expression. oh. There 's /iSht at the end of the tunnel. Don't let The Sun Go Down On Me I can't light no more of your 1 darkness . Were your predictions right? What con nection do the words have with the relationship described in the song? '--- 4 Finishing off a Do you like the song? If yes. the right 10 romantic line But see me once and see the way I feel Don't discard me just because you think I mean you 11 But these cuts I have they need 12 love harm to help them heal. I can't find. b Find tho six words you made predictions about in Exercise t c. The dorkest hour is just before the dawn. what is it you like? If not.

T hen compare and discuss your answers with your partner..... Schools give children the discipli ne they need to beco me useful members of society.. The mai n purpose of school is to preserve the status quo. Predict the order of these slages and then listen to the song and check yo ur answers. GLOSSARY 10 preserve the sta lus quo to keep things the way they have been traditionally.. o III The singer becomes angry and rebellious. 50095 The logicol Song ... Here are some opinions about this subject..... Ch~~ the box thai represe nts yOW" op iniOn for each sontence.. It is n't the role of a school to teach children what's right and wrong.The Logical Song by Supertramp 1 Getting started "Tho Logical Song" is about how education in general and sch ool o o 0 o 0 0 School days afe the best days of your life. !II T he Singer begins to question his education . o o o 0 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0 o o o ... . o o educalion in particular can shape our personality and limit our individuality.. CD The singer is happy and open to his world. Children should be free to study what and when they like.. AU good schools help chitdren to discover and develop their creativity. W Tho singer is sen t to a school where he is socia lized ." 2 Listening fo r gist @ Tho song examines diff~rent slages in the si nger's life...

when all the world's asleep. S lie's 8 good candidate on papor. The Logical Song When I was young. Now. responsible. Thoro's somo good in everyone. that is completely a h!>urd ! ' . It seemed that life was so wonderful. Joyfully. well they'd be sInging so happily. I cried a lot when I first wont to school. 2 Tho song takes a very nogative view o f growing up and education. I was more creative as a child Ihan I am now.it wasn'l just inlcllcclunl stuff. but he doesn't have much practical expericnce in everyday business. Before you listen 10 it again. 3 Ms. responsible dependable presentable practical cynical absurd 1 For goodness' sake. ~ c Now read lhe song and check your answers. Then listen to the song again 'and fill in the blanks. you know. It was hard 10 get inspired at school . clinical. 4 J wish you were a bit more responsi ble about your work: you just don't seem to care. Won't you please.' ~ b Now liston to lho song and numbe r tho words in the box above in tho ordor you hear thom in the song.3 Listening for detail a There are II number of adjectives inlhc song. We wera made 10 feel responsible for our own learning. but please tell me 6 who I am. a miracle. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. watch what you say or they'll be calhng you a radical. a liberal. oh It was beautIful. I know it sounds absurd. Io9l<al. what is it you like? if not. 1 magical [ And all the bIrds In the trees. There are times. . Thornton is a vcry dependable employee. 2 Don'. playfully 2 watching mel But then they sent me away 10 teach me how to be 3 sensible . cynICal. presentable. practICal. But what do you think? Discuss with your partner whether any of tbese sentences wero true for you or someone you knew.the leachers wera too cynical. be so cynical . we'd like to feel you're acceptable. respectable. what don't you like about it? Usc tho ideas on the right to he lp you. put on a clean shirt! You've got to be presentahle for tho interview. In the ten years that she has worked with the bank sho bas never been lale fo r work. oh. Intellectual. We learned plenty of practical subjccls at school. complete the sentences below with the most appropriate adjectivo. please tell me what we've learned. G YOli expcct me to bolieve that your dog ate your homework!? Marlin. And then they showed me a 4 world where I could be so dependable. the 5 questions run too deep for such a simple man. a 8 vegetable I 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. a fanatIcal 7 criminal ! Oh won't you sign up your name.

this talent ed 9 songwriter hasn't stopped singi ng her unique blend of country. Jones foll owed t his up with the album . jazz. When you're finished. -. Which story is the most romantic / the strangest / the most original? Song 6 Come Away With Me . Since ____ then. In 2004 . she has never lived in India. they were signed by America's most famous jazz 5 label "B lue Note" and recorded their first 6 album Come Away With Me.. In 1999... She began si nging in church when she was five and took up the piano two years l ater. She went on t o sell nea rly 2 0 million albums in the fi rst t wo years and won eight Grammy Award s.ColT' ~ worldwide success and the title 7 Away With Me was one of the most played songs 0 ... but it seemed t hat music was in her blood. Check that you know all of them.. Ravi Shankar.1 Getting started a Look at this list of words commonly used when talking about the music world. Norah Jones is the daughter of one of India's most famo us 1 musicians . which went straight to the top of the 8 charts in 16 different countries... This was an incredible track .. but soon formed her own group. . she moved to Manhatta n and start ed pl ayi ng wi th a 4 group called "Wax Poetic"........ singer/songwriter studio label charts track album touring stage musicians copies gig/concert band/group awards fans b Read this short article and complete the text using some of the words from Exercise la. However. Come Away With Me. the year. gig on her 16th She played her first 2 birthday an d went on to win a number of special 3 awards for her jazz singi ng.. GLOSSARY the Grammy Awards (he mosl important annual awards gi ven to performers and music writers by the American Music Industry.. She was brought up by her American mother in Texas. All of the images on page 145 are mentioned in the song. and blue ~ c You're going to listen to one of Norah Jones' most famous songs. tell some other students your story. In 2000. Before listening. make up a short story with your partner including all the pictures. Feels like Home.

or romantic? wordsllyrks singer's voke central message rhythm chorus Images musK instruments b In grou ps. _. b Wbafs the relationship between the singer and the person she's singing to? 3 Listening for detail ~ a Read the lyrics and check the order of the pictures. what is it you like? If not. Then listen again and write the missing words.2 Listening for gist Now listen to the song and put the pictures in exercise lc into the order you bear them. so write " 1 " next to that picture.. Come Away With Me Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they can't 1 With their 2 lies I want to walk with you on a cloudy day In fields where the yellow grass grows 3 Knee high So 4 won't you try to come? tempt us Come away with me and we'll 5 On a mountain top kiss Come away with me And I'll never stop 6 loving you For I want to 1 wake up with the rain Failing on a tin roof While I'm 8 safe there in your arms So alii ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me ~ . why not? Use the ideas be low to help you.·they" are in verse two? 2 Why does tho singer ask her lover to go away with her "in the night "? 3 Why do you th ink the lovers in the song might need to leave? 4 Do you know any stories of lovers who have run away? . . For example. Do you find any of the images in the song beautiful... 1 Who do you think . discuss these questions. 4 Finishing off a Do you liko the song? If yes. original . you'll hear ''I'll write you a song" first..

Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b
Read the role your teacher gives you.

Role C : membe r of local chamber of commerce Role A: local resident
You really do not want the hostel to be built on the land . Before the hospital was burned down, the area was very pleasant to live in. It has deteriorated over the last two years, and you think it will get worse if the hostel is built as it win attract some undesirable people. You think this will affect property prices and will become dangerous for the children in the area. The area is quite bui\t* up and you think the land should become a park, with a children's play area, and maybe a swimming pool. There is an industrial area on the other side of the city, which you feel would be a better site for the hostel. You are also personaUy worried about how this would affect the value of your property. You recognize that such centers are needed, but why on your doorstep? Your concern is the economic weU-being of the city. It used to be a very wealthy city, but that has changed over the last ten years as a number of businesses have moved away. The area of the city under discussion is a prosperous residential area, and you feel that a commercial center, with banks, shops, and businesses would be a much better use of the site. It would encourage the wealthy residents to spend money, and as it is on the outskirts of the city, it would also encourage people from the surrounding area. You could also benefit financially from such a project as you have a building company.

e ess people. Most f homeless people d 0 the problems in the i . 0 not cause alcoholics and dr~~y~~~~r: ~re a few people would stand a '~~c~tbthese chance of 9 tf etter lived . h e mg treatment ;f they m a ostel It wo Id I that the h . u a so mean jobs and could get the city S h e wealth of also h~lp u~ou a development would fru t . r career as you are s rated In your present job.

~;~e t hostel that could tagk:~~~n~~~

~~~:I~s~ re:1 PrOblem in the city with P two smau h:t:isT~re are currently enough beds. This ;ite ~tbithere aren't

Role. B: social worker

Role 0 : local doctor
You can't understand why the old hospital isn't going to be rebuilt. It was a small, old-fashioned hospital -and after the fire all the patients were. moved to the main city hospItal. However, the main _ hospital isn't big enough to cater for the whole city, so another hospital is needed, and there is now the opportunity to build one that is -bigger and more modern, and which could have specialist units. Furthermore, a new hospital would "benefit you personally as your office would probably be incorporated "into the hospital.

c~~~~~:e~~of~e

Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b

You are relieved that your parents know about your hobby, but you are determined to continue it. However, you know that you are going to have to make some compromises to continue, because you need their support. You also hope that they win buy you a motorcycle for your 18th birthday. You'll have to think of a couple of very good reasons why they should. Be prepared to listen to your parents' arguments and agree to anything sensible. Reassure them th~t you will continue to study and you WIll go to college . You really want a motorcycle, but you'\I wait to get a good one, and you have some money that you can contribute towards the cost.

Emma

Mother
You are horrified at Emma's hobby and you're very angry that she hid it from ¥ou. You also don't like Jake, her boyfriend, whose bike she uses. You want her to stop motorcycling but you don't want to have a huge argument about it. You're worried that it's dangerous, especially racing .

Father
You are also concerned about Emma's hobby, but you're not as worried as her mother. You know that Emma is a sensible girl and that she doesn't take unnecessary risks. You are worried about the cost of a motorcycle if she continues, though, and the costs of insuring it. You also feel that she should be using a small, not very powerful bike right now, as she hasn't had a lot of experience. You're prepared to pay some of the money towards a motorcycle for her birthday, but not a\1.

Try to persuade Emma to stop racing and to go o~ the motorcycle only in safe, places, I.e. not on main roads. You re aware that she has probably not had a proper course in riding a motorcycle, and offer to pay for one before she gets a bike of her own.

Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 4d Read the next paragraph of the story.

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Exercise 4c/d Choose one part from each of groups 1. 2 and 3 to write your description.

I climbed the chain-link barrier fence while the two brothers took the tension out of the barbwire strands at the top. Enough so I could straddle the fence, get one foot on the concrete wall of the aqueduct and drop some ten or twelve feet to the bottom. Then they lowered the bikes down to me su.s~nded on their belts. We rode for miles dOw~ this grant cOrridor of cement, the wheels of our bikes bumping over the brown lines of caulking used to seal the seams. Except for those seams it was the smoothest, flattest surface I'd ever ridden a bike on. (Story ending: The bo% spend hours bike riding in the aqueduct and through a tunnel, and they are eventually picked up by the police and taken home.)

Group 1

Group 2

'-'

Unit 6 Lesson 4 Exercise 7a Read the full version of the story of tho hitchhiker. A friend of 8 friend was driving along the Massachusetts Highway one night when he noticed a young woman walking along the side of the road. Concerned for her safety, he pulled over and asked her if she would like a ride. Without saying a word. she got into the car. As they were driving, he tried to engage her in conversation, but she remained silent and didn't say a single word during the entire journey. At the end of the Highway, he stopped at somo lights. The young woman got out of the car without saying goodbye or thanks. Thinking sho was extremely ungrateful, the man drove off and thought no more about her. A feW days laler he was cleaning his car when he noticed a purse on the floo r. Inside the purse was Ihe address of a house not too far away so he decided to return it to the young woman. when he arrived at tho house, an old man opened the door. The young man exp lained that he had come to return the purse to the young woman who lived there. The old man looked at the purse in amazement. "This purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed in a car accident on tho Massachusetts Highway more than 20 years ago."

Group 3

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Exercise 3 A So, this question. Which of these does not go with the word white? a) meat, b) bread, c) tea, d) egg. B Well, we definitely use white with egg . e Isn't it meat? D Na, I don't think so. Chicken is white meat. e Oh, you're rii ht. A It's c, tea, right? We can have black tea, but we say tea with milk, not white tea, right? D Yes, that's right, so it's c. What's the next question? A What is the name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it: a) the Black Sea, b) the Sea of Marmara, c) the Mediterranean Sea, or d) the Caspian Sea? C Oh, that's difficult. I have no idea. D Well , let's try to figure it out. It isn't the Mediterranean. B No, that's right. And the Caspian Sea is in Russia, I think. What do you think, Laura? A Yes, I think you're right. So maybe irs the Black Sea? C No, I think you're wrong, Laura. I went to the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. D So ... do we all agree that it's the Sea of Marmara? All Yes, let's put that ...

Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 2c So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to bum fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now, we will have run out of them within a couple of generations. We need to look at clean, renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and tidal power. But what is the present government doing? In a word, NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this, our future looks dark, very dark. If pollution continues to increase, our towns and cities will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. We'll be living in a world where, when it rains, it will rain ACID ... acid rain. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Facemasks ... facemasks will have become common in towns and cities. Vou see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemask today, but that's not the norm. Imagine ... a world where every living person wears a facemask. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie, I'm talking about your street, your town, your city ... I'm talking about your world ! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic, so much traffic, ladies and gentleman, that parking will have become a major problem. There will simply not be enough space to park your car. Parking places on the street - fulL Public and private parking lots - full! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. Already gridlock is a common, everyday problem. Imagine in ten years, my friends! Just imagine. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lack of clear policy on genetically modified food: and the way things are going, sadly, much of our food will soon be genetically modified. It may look like the answer in the short term, but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the health of our people? And that's not all. The economy will continue to deteriorate and, as a result, our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels, perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy - a vote for the people party. So on Thursday, vote for us, vote for ...

Answers and scores
Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise zb
Un it 4 Develop your writing Exer cise s b Compare this model paragraph with the one you have written.

Figure out your partner's score llnd read the analysis. Do you agree?

~

_ _ _'_ '_._

_ _

._ _ - -. ~ - . -1--

Internet addict or Internet phobe?
Scoring

1 a3 2 a1 3 a1 4 a3

b2 b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b2 01

"

5 a1 6 a1 7 a3

b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b 2 01

An a lYSis

18-21 : You're hooked on the Internet! If you don't start cutting back soon you may end up "disconnected" from the rea l world!
11-17: You have a healthy interest in information technology but you balance it with an interest in ~reallife". 7-10: Is your life affected at all by recent developments in

Ji-rwlLy, there is the quesb:on. rf fw.,edgm. and oLtgai:vm.s in tk fa-wLJi. On. """ ,",wi, _ Imngs duua. On 1M dheo-, " 1m"!!, ~. ')rkm. fw.,edgm. and ~ are nd 6aLa-need, there is cqn,f{jd. JOy exa'"rnfle, a !:ee?lL1ffY -wanis f:.o go !:o a po;.ty and tk pJ.;yenis dIJ nd -wani tIwm. f:.o ffJ. )tow can flus ccnftid be ewied. l /3df.. pa..ties -need 'WOYk. /;0 u">Ui.e:r1;a.nd the dhc:Ys peYSpx1:i've and I:d..e ~ fq,- theiy O>+n adions. .k paYenls -need f:.o 5Iurw theiy ciuld.Yen I:.Iu1l -wJh fw.,edgm. COmeS ~, so chi!d.Yen need 5Iurw paren1:s t/uU; !:ky can -manage t/uU; ~. In my w"W, the I:ee~ sIwuld.. tei1l:J-.ei.y paYems wf1ere t-ky aYe gccng, ..,.,.fll1f; k'»le !:ky ...dt niurn. fu:rme, and ask. ~ !:o go.

w

w

7k

~y tkn needs !:o fuLfill theiy otligalwn. £wY]! b.'»Ie a paYe:n1 and a ciuld.'s /::rn1; is wi fmi<.e.n, freedom ...dt i~. Of cau:r!e, alL !:fu.s is ea5[ey sad I:f.an done. Hc»e-yey, by tnd and em?Y a-nd. genu..?1£ Lo-ve and wn.dedandJ.-ng fa~ can 6ecurne ewn. ~.

Information Technology? You are in no danger of getting hooked bu t it may be a good idea to explore the Internet a little more: it might enrich your life rather than limit it.

Un it 5 Develop your learning Exercise lb Check the key to the questionnaire.

Uni t 4 Lesson 3 Exercise l b

25·36: An excellent score! You're getting lots of good practice and if you
keep doing these things your confidence can only grow. As they say, the best way to improve your speaking is to speak and you're certainly doing that . But that doesn't mean you should sit back and relax. Keep looking for ways to challenge yourself.

Look at the analysis for your score. Do YOli agree?

Your score
M ostly a: you're a fa ir-weather friend, You use your friends and see them when it suits you, but drop them Quickly if you no longer want their friendship. Do you have any old friends?

13-24: You're doing a lot of things riglit. Congratulations! But don't stop
there. There are still opportunities to take. Look down the list and see what you can work on . And although having imaginary conversations with yourself in English may sound half crazy, it does work. So build on the good work you're dOing!

Mostly b: you're a very good friend. but you're probably not quite as honest In friendships as you should be. You don't say what you think. so people don't always believe what you say. Mostly c: you 're a great friend. You probably have a lot of close friends because you are very caring and loyal. You make friends easily and keep friends fOl" a long time.

0-12:

Things aren't too bad and can only get better. Most people feel uncomfortable speaking in a foreign language but one thing is for sure - it will only get better if you work at it. Start by speaking more in class. You can also record yourself speaking English or have imaginary conversations ;n English. It rea lly helps. So start today - life's too short to miss opportunities and you never know where English could take you. Good luck!

U n it 4 Lesson 4 Exer cise 38 Check your answers

ami re"d the analysis for you.

Un it 7 Lesson 3 Exercise lc Read the analysis for your score. Do you agree?

Analysis
a - O b- I c - l a -I b- O c - l a-O b - I c - l a -I b - l

a-I
a -O

b- I
b-l

c - O c - O

c -I

Analysis
0-4:
You haven't learned how to be assertive, have you? You shou ld take credit for the work you do and make more of your career opportunities. Don't let people take advantage of you _ You have your beliefs and you stand up for them, but you also respect the rights of others to express t heir views _You've gotten a good balance into your life. confident but you should try and show more consideration for other people's feelings and views.

5-6:

Well, you're very honest (If you've answered the quiz honestly, of courser). Lying or cheating really isn't your thing, is ttl Good for your 9-19: You have been known to lie or try to cheat the system a IJttle, but who hasn't' There may be the odd occasion when being a little dishonest Is acceptable, but don't do it very ottent 20-32: Have you really told the truth in answering the questions or is that not In your nature' Your score suggests that you think nothing of being dishonest - but what do other people think about this!
Unit 9 Lesso n 2 Exercise lb Check your ans wers to th e 1.Q. puzzles.

G-8,

7· 12. You've become a bit too aggressive: it's good to be

1 c 2 d 3 b 4 The man is very short and can't reach the
bulton for th e 10th floor.

Communication activities

149

Student A
Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise lb Read the text about SlIlma Hayek's cnrl y life. Complete the graph.

®
soap opera
went to

moved to LA

®
became an

university
good

","""
CD

®
went to school in Louisiana kicked out
of school

bad

boen
1966

®

dropped out of university

Livin' the Vida Loca

5alma Haye k is the first Mexican actres~ to Hollywood movie star Since become a R' Ha ek was bom in Veracruz, Dolores De lio. Y 2 1966 He r parents M 'co on Septem ber, . eXI, a rivate Catholic school in

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exen::ise 1 b Read the text about ka rate. then go back to page 82.

sent her to

P

11 The school
• . behave
t
0

Louisiana whe n she was

expelled h e r because she used to mls constantly. and so she had to return

Mexico.
In college she stu

karate
Karate is a form of martial art originating over two thousand years ago in India. However, it is now known as a Japanese martial art: it was brought to Japan via China and became established there in the 17th century. The word karate means "empty hand", which describes the open hand technique used now - the sport used to involve closed fist fighting before it evolved into its present form. The aim of karate is to be in total control of the muscles in your body so that you can use them with force and accuracy. Experts often break objects to show mental and physical training but when

Martial arts:
they fight, their blows do not make physical contact. The sport is based on attacks with the feet or the hands, but the force and momentum comes from the hips, so good balance and hip rotation is everything. Many people take up karate as self-defense, although for many others the martial art and the philosophy behind it form a way of life.

d' d Intemational Relations
Ie

but she didn't finish her studies; instea • ~ e d out with the intention of becoming droppe arents didn't agree at fi~st, an actress. Her p ' d to goong h Hayek wasn t use bU~i:~~hh:~gparents' wishes, she ~ollo",:ed ~er

d

h

~;stincts. Her first break w;S gett~~;~o:ul: i~

local theate r, which didn t pay . Then she got a starrmg . was good experience. The role in a popularTV soap opera. Tereso . . Hayek famous m shoW'S success ma d e . Mexico. Despite her success, she deCided to quit the show and to move to L.A. to make a career in Hollywood.

GLOSSARY
misbehave act in an unacceptable way instincts natural feelings

GLOSSARY

martial to do with war or fighting
momentum the rorce thai keeps something moving

150

Communication octivities

Instead. and the grasses were used to feed anim~ls. Unfortunately.. was a success With both critics a nd audiences. there is an unp redIctabIlity and uncertainty in genetic modific3tion because of a 13Ck of knowledge about how genes work. a tee n thriller. rom usk. On th e contrary.. ~ unger in the world is to do wi th mo ney. ~e GM solution is 3 quick. There are other \~ays that can acmallY provide a better long-term solunon. Even dun ng the famines in Ethiopia. did muc h be ~ter. she used to avoid the movie crowd when she first arrived there. Frida Kahlo. d systcm \\-"O. Th. BUI we must ha\"C 3 right to look carefully al those that are da ngerous. bombe d at the box. The Faculty (1998).The alternative is to plant a kind of grass that gelS nd of the insects.StudentB U nit 2 Lesson 1 Exer cise 1b Read the text and complete the graph about Sa1ma Hayek's life after sho moved from Mexico to the U. Haye k had a starring role in Wild Wild Wen. in any country whcre merc·s been a democracy. tcchnical solution thai wlil lead to orner problems later.e. This was done with corn and the crop doubled. GLOSSARY pursue to follow a courso of action bomb (in this context) to be a failure GLOSSARY biotechnology science basad on cells and bacteria ban stopping someone from doing something Communication aetMties 151 . For . which starred Antonio Banderas I put Haye k on the Hollywood map: Unfortunately. GM food: the arguments against Although we haven't proved that ~M ~~ps are dange rous. We want 3 global ban on GM . They won't be. T h is solution used local materials. the movie that followed F o ..S. the film was a disaster. say. He r next moyie Desperado. In the sam e year. example. office. biotechnology provides resistance to certam insects but only for 3 period of. ® Dogma Despemdo The Faculty Frida was a huge success learned to drive @ ® ® good ® learned English From Dusk TIll Dawn bombed Wild Wild West bad Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 311 Livin' the Vida Loca Although Hayek was use d to considerable success and fam e in Mexico. Hayek spent her first yea r learn ing English and sh e also learned to drive.. Grecnpeacc says food supply is nOI the issue. and Dogma (1999). ne\"er been a serious faminc •. the government exported f~ from there because that was the way me economiC ". she decided not to pursue her career immediatety in LA. UtaI s.-'. Road th e arguments against GM foo d and complete the table on page 106. We 3re not saying that all GM cropS arc dangc rous. five years . not expensIve technology. which is why wc muSI find alternatives.S. The film wa s a huge success in the U. Haye k released Frida base d on the life of the fa mous M exica~ painter. which a lso starred Will Smith a n~ Kevin Kline. Till Dawn ( 1996).. In late 2002. The actress got her first big break in 1991 when she starred in My Crazy Life.

teft the puzzle undone. Trying hard to fill the emptiness. Words con·t bring me down. But tomorrow will find a wayan the other side. ("ugly" and as hamed because she's famous and has too much exposure). words won't bring us down. I'm so ashamed. Addiflonol activity What makes a person beoutifvl? Ask students to work in small groups to make 0 list of five or six things thot make a person beautiful inside and/or outside. and should have the confidence to feel beautiful. or piny and pause. oh. the pieces gone. too. In the last verse and chorus. 3 Listening for detail Play the song agnin. words con't bring me down. Let students check their answers in pairs.Units 1 &2 Beautiful Lead in by Christina Aguilera Bring in your own pidures of beautiful people and things: pop and film stars. You may need to play it more than once. oh. No molter what we do. Students have to listen and "choose" the wo rd they hear. Yes. You ore beautiful no molter what they soy. Words can't bring you down. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions in Exercise 2 carefully as a class. So don't you bring me down today. Ask students to listen and choose the best answe r. locations in students' countries. Use these pictures when doing the group work task in exercise 1 . she is saying that everybody shou ld feel confident about being positive and "'beautiful". So consumed in all your doom. Don't look at me Every day is so wonderful then suddenly. • 1Iemative Put studen ts in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 3b. no. I am beautiful no molter what they soy. etc. oh. ·Couse you ore beautiful in ~ery single way. oh. We ore beautiful in fNCry single way. Yes. and saying tbat they should feel beautiful. no. In the first verse the singer is singing about how she feels. irs hard to breathe. 10m beautiful in ~ery single way. write them at random on the board. Yes. words con·t bring us down. she is speaking directly to the people listening to her. Is that the woy it is? Song 1 T 134-13S Beautiful . 1 Getting started Put students in groups of four or five to do the task in Exercise 1. So don·t you bring me down today. Answers: The song is ahout how everybody is beautHul inside. Sa don·t you bring me down today. In the chorus. Ask students to listen and complete the lyrics. no. 4 Finishing off Discuss lhe questions in Exercise 4 as a class. 'Couse we ore beautiful no molter what they soy. no molter whot we soy. Now and then t get insecure from all the poin. ~~---------------------------------------------------. words can't bring you down. no. To all your friends you're delirious. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And ~erywhere we go the sun will always shine. even if other people are criticizing them. Play the song. Yes. Preseillalion If students have problems hearing the missing words.

but . A friend is forever. but . Ask students to listen and fill the rest ofthe blanks. I'll be there for you When the rain starts to pour I'll be there for you Uke I've been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to read through the statements carefully. ask three or four students to tell the class what their partner told them. Ask students to share their ideos with the class. No one could ever know me. your love life's D.Units 3 &4 I'll Be There For You by The Rembrandts Lead In Ask students what they know about Friends. You've burned your breakfast so far. your week. Ask students to listen and write T or F. And it hasn't been your doy. etc. Someone to face the day with. or even your year. your month. . Someone rll always laugh with. @ ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask student to read the words of the song carefully. rll be there for you When the rain storts to pour I'll be there for you Uke rve been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Your mother wamed you there'd be days like these. Yeah! trs like you're arways stuck in second gear. A friend is . or even your year. buy a house. When it hasn1 been your day. In the feedback. So no one told you life was gonna be this way. Ask What are the names of the characters? What do they do? Can you remember any words from the theme song? 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the text with the words in the box.OA Irs like you're always stuck in second gear. Your job's a joke. Give students three or four minutes to prepare answers to the questions they have chosen. and fill in any blanks they can remember. Then put them in pairs to discuss their answers. things are gOing great. Even at my worst. Ask students in pairs or small groups to complete the sentence starter above in five different ways. A friend is someone you can trust. no one could ever see me. your month. have babies. Addi1ional acIivity 6S~-------------------------------------------------------------------. But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your knees that . etc. You're sfill in bed ot ten and work began at eijght. you're broke. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing as a class. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class..and get married. Seems you're the only one who knows what irs like to be me. Vocabulary connected with friends: share on apartment = live in the same apartment Vocabulary hong oul (with friends I in cofesl = spend lime together fall oul = hove an argument and slop being friends make up = apologize and be friends again sett!e down = stop being young and "free" . your week. Play the song for Exercise 2. I'U be there for you When the rain storts to pour 111 be there for you Uke I've been there before 111 be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. rm best with you. For example. make rt through all the rest with I'll Be There For You T1 36-137 Song 2 . Play the song again.

. oh (Cry me.. But I bel you didn1 think your thing would come crashing and now it's your turn to cry. ~ WOSI"I11ike you only talked 10 him and you know it. Why did you leave me.Units5& 6 Cry Me A River by Justin Timberlake Lead in Write Cryan Ihe board. lOon" hove to sa(. and mode other pions. here. all alone? Now you teH me you need me when you coil me on the phone. Oh Cry me a river IBoby go on and justl ~ Cry me a river rfou can go on and just) Cry me a rivef. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions carefully. uh) Now there's just no chance. you and mel And don't it make you sod abou' it. Cry me a river Cry me a river Cry me a rivef You know tho1 they SCI'i some things ore betrer left unsoid. ask. who! you didl I already know. I refuse. For example. there11 never be. on Ihe phone. oh Cry me a rivef. So you took a chonce. ~ Note Play the song again. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Cry me a river IGo on and lustl Cry me a rivef IBoby go on and jus!) Cry me a river IGo on and just! Cry me a rivef ICouse rve already cried! Cry me a river. then you may not have blown it. you and me) And don'l it make you sod about it. singer telling boy/girlfriend why the relationship is over. whot you did. And don't it make you sod about it. for you and me. yeah IOhi The damage is done So I guess I be . yea·yeol Cry me a rivef Cry me a rivef. 1"\0. Oh down. refuse is a verb. I found ou1 from him. (Cry me. l lound CUI from him. You tokl me you loved me. there'll INa chance. you were my earth. hove to SCI'i.be. for you and me. Additional acttvity Rale·play one of the situations suggested by the song: friend trying to make singer feel better. there11 !AI olonel Now you tell me you need . oh ICry me. go bock? Ask students how they would express the idioms in theif language. whot you did.ise2 . !When you call me on the phone] Girt.. I refuse. ~ '" You were my sun. (Danl hove to soy.. you must hove me confused with some ather guy. Now there's just no chance. cry me) 5ong3 T138·139 Cry Me A River . All of these thilgs people lOkI me keep messing with my head.. leaving. oh Cry me a river. note some good contextuaiized examples of the language and write them on Ule board . who! you did) I already know. Ask students to listen and circle the correct answer. As you elicit answers. all olooo? Oh the domoge is done so I guess I be leaving. who! you did. no. oh Cry me a river. You don" hove 10 sa(. Play the song for Exerc. Ask students 10 listen and check. II already know. I already know. point oul to students thai. Cry me a river. Your bridges were burned me when you call me. lrm not like them baby) Your bridges were burned and ncm irs your tum Itt's your turnl To cry. SUI you didn't know oillhe ways I loved you. INa chonce. yeah yeah IAin1 gonno cry no more. cry me) Cry me a river. You don·t hove to SCI'i. Ask students in pairs to try to use the vocabulary in the context of relationships.. I found out from him.. for you and me. Girl. II already know! Now there's just no chance. [Messing with my head) You should've picked honesty. yeah yeah IOhi The domoge is done So I guess I be leaving. Cry me a river IGo on and just) Cry me a river IGo on and jus!I Cry me a river IBaby go on and just) Cry me a river yeah. 3 Listening for detail Ask students to try to complete the song with the words in tbe box. Idioms You could explore the idiomatic nature of some of the language In feedback. oh (Cry me. Let them discuss ideas with a partner. you must hove me confused with some other guy. Oh the damage is done So I guess I be leaving. You told me you loved me INtrv did you leave me.. Elicit responses from the class and discuss the answers to Exercise 1 a to le. cry me) Cry me a river. Before they do the lask. You don'. cry me) Cry me a river. Ask When did you losl cry? Whot kinds of things make you cry? What do you think Cry me a river means? 1 Getting started Ask students to match the sentence halves and then check their answers in pairs. oh """"' be. What does burn bridges literolly mean? Why is il a good metaphor for saying you can'. 1 000l ad like you don" know it).

His real name is Giorgos Kyriatou Ponayiotou. He was knighted in 1998.Units 7 & 8 Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John Bring in pictures of. Ask students to discuss how the words might connect to the song in pairs. Ask students to listen and fill in tho blanks.. Ask students in groups of three to think of a singer or bond they know well..if the singer's lover does not return. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to look at the pictures in pairs. including Rockel Man and Crocodile Rock.. I con'tlight no more of your darkness.-------------------------------------------------------------------. then it will be like the night falling. 'Cause losing everything is lik. Culture note E1ton John Ellon John was born in England in 1947. so he is Sir Elton John. In the feodback. I'd just allow a frogmenl of your life 10 wonder free. Dh. or CDs by. Lead in 1 Getling started Elicit as much information about George Michael and Elton Jobn as you can from students. Play the song again. Play tho song and ask students to listen and order the pictures. writing with Bernie Toupin. Elton John andlor George Michael. encourage students to share their best ideas. .e the sun going down on me. Too lale to save mysell from falling I look a chan<:e and changed your way of lile But you misread my meaning when I met you Oosed the door and left me blinded by the light Don'tlel the sun go down on me Although I search myself. Additional activity ~~. Use these 10 elicit ideas and information about the singers. and tell each other what they think might be happening in cach. irs always someone else tholl see I'd just allow a fragment of your life 10 wander free 'Couse losing everything Is lik. He become famous in 1982 when he and his friend Andrew Ridgley hod lOP len hils as the pop bond Whom! His best-known albums are Faith and Older. Don·t let The Sun Go Down On Me T 140-141 Song 4 . don11et the sun go down on me AIIhough I search myself. Irs always someone else I see I'd just allow a frogment of your life to wonder free Bullosing everything is like the sun going dOWTl on me. Geof'ge Michael George Michael was born in london )0 Greek parents. and prepare to present a brief description under these headings: childhood influences career songs gossip Ask one person in each group to make the group's presentation. Answer: "The sun going down" here means the end of the relationship . irs always someone else Iholl see. He is famous for his outrogeous clothes and glosses. Have a brief d iscussion in feedback about what the title ofthe song might mean. His most famous song is CondIe in the Wind.e the sun going doWTl on me. ~ 4 Fi nishing off Discuss lho questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Monitor and prompt. All my pictures seem 10 fade to black ond white rm growing tired ond time stands sUIl before me Icon1 find the right romantic line But see me once and see the W!rf I feel Don1 discord me just because you think I mean you harm Butlhese cuts I hove they need lave to help them heal. he hod a 101 of lop len hils. oh. Don·t let the sun go down on me Allhough I seorch myself. baby. Ask students in pairs to match the words to definitions. ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask students to road the song carefu lly. His feol nome is Reginald Dwight He become famous in the 19705 when. Frozen here on the ladder of my life. and see if they can remember or guess the missing words.

1 Getting started Ask students to complete the questionnaire. you please. When I was yaung. Ask students in pairs to write as many English adjectives as they con thol end with these suffixes in one minute. Ask each team to choose four -ible. clinical. we'd like to feel you're accep. when all the world's asleep. I know it sounds absurd. intellectual. Let students read thro ugh the song to check their answers. Won'. but please tell me who 10m. 3 Listening for detail Once students have completed the sentences in Exercise 3a with the adjectives. a fana tical. watch what you say or they'll be calling you a radical. when all the world's asleep. responsible.Units9& 10 The Logical Song Lead in by Supertram p Write -able. oh it was beautiful. Play the recording again. a miracle." Divide the class into groups of six. but please tell me who I am. play the song again. practical. a liberal. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to decide on the order of stages. cynical. Elicit answers from the class and find out who believes school is useful and who thinks it is harmful. Addltionalocttvity ~8 - Ploy -guess the word. or words they come up wi fh in the lead in. Now. please tell me what we've learned. logical. And then they showed me a world where I could be so dependoble. a vegetable! At night. -ible. and check their answers with a partner. and -af on the board. Song 5 T142-143 The logical Song . 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Ask students to fill in the blanks. who have to guess which word they are describing. There are times. please tell me what we've learned. the questions run so deep for such a simple man. well they'd be singing so happily. Find out which pair gal the most. Won't you please. a criminal! Oh won" you sign up your nome. the questions run 100 deep for such a simple man. Ask students to number the words in the correct order. presentable.oble. -able. it seemed that life was so wonderful. Divide each group into two teams of three. They read their words aloud to the other learn in Iheir group. magical! And all the birds in the trees. I know it sounds absurd. joyfully.able. or -a/words from the lesson. and ask them to read out their list. Pronunciation note Note that the stress goes on the syllable just before -ible or . playfully watching me! But then they sent me awoy to teach me how to be sensible. respectable. Then play the song so that students can check their ideas. They have to write a sentence fhat defines and contexlualizes each word they hove chosen.

~ 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 in groups and as a class. Role-play an interview with Norah Jones. Then put students in groups of four or five . AddIIIonaI actMIy ~'-----------------------------------------------------------. Elicit one or two short stories for the class to hear.Units 11 & 12 Come Away With Me by Norah Jones Bring in a large picture or pictures of a rock band or pop singer. Ask students to listen and label the pictures. 3 Listening for detail Let students read through the song to check their answers. Lead In 1 Getting started Ask students to discuss the words in pairs and look up unknown words in their dictionary. Student B is Norah and has to read the biographical details in exercise Ib again so that he or she is ready to answer questions. and have them tell their group their idea for the story. Put students in pairs to create a story using the pictures. Ask students to fill in the blanks. 2 Listening fo r gist Play the song. ask questions )0 make sure students know the more djfficult words. Brainstorm and write on the board as many words as you con connected with the subjed of rock music. Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they con't tempt us With their lies Iwant to walk with you on a cloudy doy In fields where yellow grass grows Knee high 50 won" you try to come? Come away with me and we'll kiss On a mountain top Come away with me And I'll never stop loving you For I wont to wake up with the rain Falling on a tin roof While I'm safe there in your arms 50 0111 ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me Come Awoy With Me T144-145 Song 6 . In feedback. for example: What do you call the place where bonds record musiC? (studio) Whol is a live show by a band in a bar or club called? Igigl Ask students to complete the text with words from Exercise la and then check with a partner. Student A is the interviewer and has to prepare questions to ask. Play the recording again. splitting the original pairs.

SAdeC. Tem ptation Island.3? (ANSWER: eating) 1 What do we call the father of your wife or husband? (ANSWER: father-in-law) 4 What do you call those two lines of hair above your (?yeS? (ANSWER: eyebrows) S What is the colledive name for a massive number of trees in a tropical region.. wrist. America's Next Top ModeL ) In the sentence The newy. carton. forehead.Lord of the Rings: The Two Tovvers. (ANSWER: Mick Jagger) 2 Which famous Australian actor directed a film about Jesus Christ? (ANSWER: Mel Gibson) 3 Name five parts of the human body. and natural landmarks. Stay put! S 6 7 8 \.) Don't move forward. eyes. clubs. etc. eyelids. On a piece of P<lper and wi thout speaking a word. need th is type of visa to enter and study there. 2006 . calf. fingers. thigh. /)0'(. shoulders. It might also include sports and SI)Or1 ing events as welt as discos. can. your team can move forwa rd one square.) 4 5 Can you give me the name of three famous Reality TV programs? (ANSWER: Big Brother. (ANSWER: exam ples might include visits to museums. jar.someone. (ANSWER: boxing) Wild Card People Name the lead singer of the British rock band. movie houses. your team I1'IOYe5 fOfWard two spaces. mouth. move fOfWard two spaces. hand.) Name the sport where two people wea ring special gloves fig ht each other in a ring.. Oh. elbow.. special ceJooI'8tions such as Thanksgiving.S. documentaries. for example.V. ankle.] What does DVD stand for? (ANSWER: Digital Versatile Disk) Name five different kinds of TV program. (ANSWER: talk shows.. toes. foot. T 260 QuizCords OEtIiIoricIMocniIondeMl!xko. box.) 10 What is the informal word for not having any money? (ANSWER: broke) What or who was 'Pong'? (ANSWER: The first video game) What kind of program has the highest audience ratings in the U. knee. draw a picture of someone in the class so that the other team can guess their identity.. theatres.) Name three things you would expect to see on a language 6 school's social program. current affairs. If the opposite team guesses correctly. ears. head. 10 By what name was the terrorist Inich Ramirez Sanchez better known? (ANSWER: Carlos the Jackal) 1 2 3 4 Stand up and whistle a song by any English-speaking group_ If you do this successfully.. I repeat you cannot speak! If they guess correctly.no is aggressive_ If the opposite team guesses the adjective correctly. What are they? (ANS WER: Visual (the way you look). 7 8 9 historical sights. drama. Move back two spaces. tub. famous places. waist. (ANSWER: abdomen.) 4 Can you name the man who developed the theory of 'multiple intelligences'? (ANSWER: Gardner) S 1Nhich disease does Muhammed Ali suffer from? (ANSWER: Parki nson 's) 6 What was the infamous couple Bonnie and Clyde so well known for? (ANS\¥ER: Robbing banks) 7 What is the opposite of an introvert ? (ANSWER: An extrovert) 8 1Nho was the infamous German leader during Wood War II? (ANSWER: Adolf Hitler) 9 According to one study.<ooliouedfmmpogen291 Words Is a tabloid newspaper small or big in size? (ANSWER: small) 2 What do you stop doing if you suffer from anorexi. Mime this film . your team can move fOfWard one square_ Give eight different words for containers. hip. shin. movies. fist . bottle. Sing a song in English or move back two spaces_ Mime this type of person . dear! Teday's not your day. If you are successful. pack. armpit. llUiz shows.. what does the word circuldrion mean? (ANSWER: The number of copies sold every day. heel. Vocal (the way you solllld) and Verbal (w ha t you say). and don't move back. nose) 9 lNhat is an 'Fl Student Visa' used for? (ANS\\'ER: Students who want to study in the U.papef has a massive drculiJtion. eyebrows. bottom. The Rolling Stones... people evaluate each other using the 'three Vs'.nere it rains a Iot7 (ANSWER: a rainforest) 6 'IoIhat do yo u suffer from the next day if you have drunk too much alcohoP (ANS WER: II hangover) 7 What do you call old or broken th ings wh ich are worthless? (ANSWER: junk) 8 Can you give me five different features of the human face? (ANSWER: chin.s.? (ANSWER: football) 3 What do you (aU a magazine that you read on the Internet? (ANSWER: an e--zine. !l nd bag. The word combines two words: 'electron ic' an d ' magazine'.Quiz cards Entenainment 2 . you can move forward one space _ (ANSWER: tube. etc. lips.

Friend Pong!? Johnny Yeah! Anyway. The thing \ really like about them is the dynamism . I think port of it is that boys seem to be attracted to new technology more than girls. ThaI's a long time! Friend Yeah. For Exercise 2 an Page 114 . but in video games they toke port. Ronalda. they start from as young as six and ploy till they be<ame young adults. But whot kind of people do they allrac!?' bel irs all . Do you think . There are so many different kinds of games now. and you can make up your own dream team. But since then Videa games have been getting more and more sophisticated. too. What is it that makes these videa games so papular? 52~---------------------------------------------------.you moy have heard of iI. yeah.. there are loIs of sports videa g<lmes.. then videa games ore a good choice. Part 3 Friend . like. I dunna . who are attracted to ~ i deo games? Johnny II"s difficult to soy. I guess I can see that. Bed:hom. il appeared in 1972 and il was pretty bosic. In the movies the viewers are passive. I don't understand. Johnny Some Kind of thing. something that really allrods people to videa games is the grophks . Friend fr. Audiascripts T 261 . Friend Why do you think irs mostly young guys. I've been designing them since the . over 20 years. thaI's not true. there's the horror video game. Then they're simple to ploy. Friend Mmm. so I'd soy they ollrad all ages from six to sixty. Ihe early 80s. Johnny No. but sadly I think the things that may make them attradive to guys are the adion and the violence in so many of them. Friend Sounds awful.. If yoU're looking for realistic entertainment. We know bays tend to be mare violent than girls .. Friend Yeah.all for the boys..you can find plenty of adults playing. the early days. There are video games involving magic and mythological sellings . as you can imagine.. I bet iI's all boys and yaung guys. of course. but you can ploy them at horne..the use of color is fantastic. something like Zelda is a successful example of this type. A classic of this type is Alone in Ihe Dark. like Pro-Evolution Soccer. ~53 '-------------------. A good example 01 this type is Commando . they involve the players in imaginative WfSo/S.the grophks these days are incredibly ollroctive and real.. There must have been a 101 of changes since then. I've only heard of Tomb Raider.. and especially teenoge boys.For Exer cise 2 on Page 114 "Port 1 Friend So what exoctly is it you do.. And of course. Johnny? Is il computer programming? Johnny Sort of -I design videa games. no .. the instrudions are really obvious.. Friend Not really my scene.it was called Pong. the people who play videa games are mostly young.thaI's nat just for men or boys. For Exercise 2 on Page 1I4 . Something thaI really annoys me oboul these games is the way they're all so mole-oriented . and they do tend to be young guys . some people say videa games have bod effects on the people who ploy them.. That just means irs full of adventure and monsters and lots of pretty violent odion. Johnny Well. Johnny You bet! I remember the first videa game . Port 2 Friend What is it that makes these video games so popular? Johnny Well. Zidone. Butl think that really the commerciol success of video games is that they appeaito all ages . 1M above all. like the horror movie. Friend Kinds of games? What do you mean? Johnny Well.to me they have the dynamism of movies. one of the most popular Kinds of videa game is the 'heroic action" game. either. they hove on active role. You know.. whoever. in which you can lake on Ihe identity of your favorite soccer player. And they hove the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books . Then. so whot oboutlhe harmful effects? You know.

S weren1 used 10. 10 aware. 12 know1edge. 10 Do you wn~eIse? """'" . 4 /C(. 2 True. 10 M . 5 are.. 10 False Exercise 4 I True. name Exercise 7 I e. 9 progran. 4c Exercise 4 """'. 4 SU'pi:se. name.d. 10 like Unit 1 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 hazel. 8 ~it 1 !llQ(ley.Tioad. 3 cold. 9 refuse. 4 Martin Martinez. 3 a 4 b. 6 hazel. 8 scaed Exercise 2 1 used to take. 6 file. 3 just. II crash. 4 was used to. 7 played. 4 judgment. 3 used to. 10 b Exercise 3 I ever. 6 e. 4 False. 6 False. 7 the job . 3 True. 7 rising. 71. 2 fallilg. 5 speaker 4. 6 i'. tOO roorni'g.6. 6 Martil MartIl'1f!. 7 False. S3f. 5. 2 M arisot 3 MartsoI. were. 12 website Exercise 2 l c. 2 ptXe. 4 1s~. COlIltry. 3 earn: 4 buy. 2 inyWment 3 ~. 5 tar. Exercise 6 Across: 5 fortune. 6 True. 7 SR)8. 3 False. 4 If Oft. 4 duI. 7 c. a tcng time.ng. 2 fa. al nne o'clock Exercise 5 I C. dressed. PatA. 6 speaker 2. 4 False. a few holr's.6b . 3 True.!. 5 lor. 7 ~ed. 5 True. 3 1. Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 was. 4 recently. Conversation C is about someone whO is rri:serIy. waste: 5 1'111: 6 borrow: 7 sperd. 8 b Exercise 6 2. Sa. 6 used la. 6 False. on my lasl birthday Simple past and used to: when I was a ctWd. 8 If orly I hadn't beerl so stupidl Exercise 2 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 t 4 L 5 ~ 6 g. 8 sh::e Exercise 2 For: 25 years. 2 OI"gar1i2ed. 7 g. 2 is annoying. 6 radical Exercise 3 1 happy. ttls anernoon. 4 a.7. 6 1wish I hadn't eaten so rructl! 7 If crit I had lislened in SChool. 2 I sUI haven't spokoo to Jack. 2 interest 3 SU'P'ise. 4 dIAl. 3 'Iirus. 3 aggressive.5. 5 ooJd. 2 chat. 14 Unit 2 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Down: 1 alford. 5 tasci1atng. 3 dowIioad..4.5 c. 6 WI'OIe. 6 bored. 7 f9C0QrMze. 5 team. 2 True. 2 TM. 6 Exercise 4 SfnpIe past: yesterday. 7 l!lliery. 6 interest 7 St. S True. 6 False. 6 opened. MarisoI. 6 revise. eiglt r'I'IhJtes Since: 2003. S True. 7 True. 5 r\leresl. 7 st •. 4 Adriana. 4 Exercise 5 1 speaker I.&il. Unit 3 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Maley. 7 bored. a week. 6 discipWned. 3. 4 interesled. 3 Exercise 5 1 False. in Exercise 3 1 lend: 2 pay. 40.. 3 /aIIi). 2 used la. 8 1 emporary. 7 Grace McBride Mart" Martilez. 8 friendly Unit 4 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 I Inp!essions . 2 fri9"ds.oersaIion 4. a allach'nenl Exercise 3 I looked. 6 a 7 c. waithg. 8 gave.Z. 4 risilg. 8 True.tl fly. yesterday Exercise 3 1 ~ 2 L 3 a. 6 am cooI<. 2 chcv1ged. 8 speaker 4 T262 . 6 doesn't have. 2 i. 8 hadn't argued Exercise 4 I !Uprise. 8 False Exercise 5 Exercise 2 1 interested. 3 modest.terested. 8 ():Ies this Exercise 3 1 Are.8. 5 conservative. 8 cash: 9 ~ 1 SInCe. 6 f~. aJYOIl8: 7 '/ohlal. 7 d. 2 nterestO'. 7 expressions.6.. 4 True.!thy. 2 False. means: 4 1i<e. March. 3 conversatoo I. 3 False. 2 Grace McBride. II wish. 9 True. 8 WhaI. 5 I'm writJng you now to i'Mle you to dnnef. 6 d 7 a. S TM Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l allactment. 11 generous.t I hadn't ooived tate. 2 never. 2 attractl\lE!. whef11 was 14. 8 True Exercise 4 l a 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c . 7 negalive Exercise 4 l c. 4 FalSe. 4 Do you uroderstand. 2 proof. 4 bg off. 5 AdriMa Exercise 6 1 That's. 3 False. last week.. 4 irritatng. 8 rose Exercise 2 1 negatIVe. 7 'm not dci1g. 2g. 6 SErious. 5 Grace McBtide. 2 know. 5 Have you fM!l used a cha1 room? 6 Have you tned to pefSUade Mary yet? 7 I have recently thoulj1t about my iU1tJ'l!. 4 fould. 3 c Exercise 5 1 True. 9 h. 3 1Ned. 5 bored. 5 c. 8 conversatoo. 82. 9 a1traction Exercise 4 1 False.4. 2 M. 10 became. 6 False. last year.trt. 6 appealing. 2d. 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 g. 3 e. 9. 9 e>!pIaned. 3 1wish I hadn't spool aI my money. know ead'I other. a j. 4 gave. 6 named. 10. 4 opened. 5 made. 2 had pa. Sa. 4 COI. 7 ddn1. 7 active. 3 Have you seen Mile yet? 4 The gossp has just started. 3 Qlit. 8 irritatng. 5 I wish I had a beller job. six. 8 I have neyer heard aJYIhilg so Exercise 2 1 's doing. watchi1g Exercise 4 1 Do you lke tIJS rTIOIIie? 4 He owns I'M:) ca-s. 8 f 1 didn'. 3 fame. 3 rot'l'lMtic. stlXlying. SQ: 3 know. 5 risi'lg. I. 3 sh:::e. 2 worM.Workbook Answer Key Unit 1 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 tie. 8 e True. Exercise 6 1 nsilg. 5 aash. rane: 5 o::vmon. ConversatlCtl Eis about someone's Exercise 7 1 True. 8 calls Unit 2 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I I wish I were lamous. 2 fl. 5 ~. ~. 3 means. 7 asked. 6 fa. 8 made.8 Exercise 5 1 I have aready read this book. Conv£wsation B is about paying too IllJCh /c( scmething. 6 caIed. 8 are. 7 False. 3 fai". cats. S False. mecn. 3 . 6 orb. a "terested wrow. 9 borI1g. a False. 5 hated. 4 moved. 2 b. 2 I orly I had more lriends. 2 bored. 7 I believe you den'. 5 doY.!. 4 True.. 4 conservative. 3 speaker 2.~ Exercise 2 1 d.. 8 h<n:Ie. 7 Wus. 2 graduated from. 6 receipt. 4 bkJe. 8 just Exercise 4 1. 4 speaker I. 9 TM rane. 2 d. a a Exercise 5 1 Bi!lie. 6 hactl'\. 12 "" Exercise 5 I 10lII'ld. 2 isn't used to gattng~: 3 used 10 hate. 5 respectable. 10 ransom.. 2 a. 6 radcaI.Jl. S Exercise 6 Conv£wsa\ll. 6 am WOfkng. 9 asked.I'pise. on my birthday. 4 corwersa100 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 7 were. S romantic. 7 internet. 4 False. 4 emoIicon. 8 False Exercise 6 1 generous. 5 QLDeI . 2 speaker 3. 7 True. 4 hadn't Ixu. 13 tend 3 MartIl'1 Martinez. 2 FalSe. 8 " terest Unit 3 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6~ 7L 8a Unit 1 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 active. 3 altraclive. 8 ta1ing Exercise 2 1 amm.n. lb. 5 ~ 6 a. 2 rose. 7 speaker 3.4tl. Conversation 0 is about paying too fl'k. 4 ~ 5 a . S like. 2 h. 3 did. 5 1ound. 7 creatrve. 5 a Exercise 3 I c. 'm used 10 dOIlg: 4 used to waII:: 5 used to have: 6 'm not used to ctivi'IQ Exercise 3 2. 7 L 8 b - Exercise 6 1 COIl'o'eI'SaIoo 2. react la. 2 False. 3 True. 2 cx:n. 3 cn. 7 blond. 8d Exercise 6 1 crine. 11 caIed Exercise 3 Ie. 3 1m cookhg. 6 already.Idl /c( a bad ~ ieI 'Ce. 7 True. 3 's practiCing. S recenUy.)l'l A is about Iendi1g """"'"' """'Y. 7 casI1. 3a. 2 was.

4 are playing terris. 2 Columbus. 2 A. 3 1. 4 In spite 01.'.7.6. 8 However. 8 b. 8 sc:i.Jd have. S iltentlOn. 12 cohabit. 16 offshoot. 7 is meetng G Exercise 3 1 f. 8 a Exercise 3 I CoUnbus. l False. 7 tend. 9 h. 4 a. 17 postt. 3 ~ 4 l 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. 3 IS visitng. 6 actIVe. 3 ~ 4 ~ S c. 4 B Exercise 2 1 horror stOfY. 2 g. Exercise S 1 CoUOOus.. chOCoholiC Exercise 3 l D. 6 C ""'" Down: 2 reserrtie. 2 A. a Vespucci Exercise 4 1 b. 2 a 3 ~ 4 a . 2 True. 2 c. 4 9. 2 d. 6 e Exercise S 1 Well. 4 b. Unit 5 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 d. 5 fat. 3 have been. 4 Eriksson. going to watch: 4 is goilg 1 cal: Sare. 6 ~ 7 b. 6 is going sYNmlilg. 2 a. 3 Magellan. 6 calories. 10 are. woojdn't have invented: 5 had been. 5 True. 9 slave. 4 For ttose of you who h special ellecls. 3 d. 4 a. 6 are wailing. 4 C. 7 ~. 2 ~ l a 4 ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 a 8 a 9 b. 10 would help Exercise 2 1 9. 2 b. SC.a. 2 wrote. 5 b. good at tiStenng 3. l b. 6 jaw. 2 b. taken: 5 had. 4 SlI'PI1Si'Ig. 6 Cok. 8 c. a False. l a 4 l 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 e 4 detJJaQding. 3 1. 10 counterpart. 7 was shown. 2 <M'T~.3. 4 wmkIed.. 9 Colntlus 9 iltention Exercise 2 1 0. 5 el\troverted. 10 Although Exercise 3 l a. 7 met. have become Exercise 6 1 pericIil. 2 but then ~ you are a Potter far'!. 4 should be released. 3 non· fiction. 10 not have been Exercise 3 The secood. 5 bal.9 . 7 definite planllO. 6 hQnest. a prediCted Exercise 6 Across: 1 urban. 5 dshwasher. 3 active. 6 c " 'Unit 7 Lesson 1 Unit 5 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 ' ~ 2~ 3a 4l 5~ 6~ 7 ~ 8e Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l L 2 a. 6 FCWl. 7 ltao/. 3 Columbus. l b. 7 Mhough. W(:Mjdn't have desigled: 7 haoo't foond. l C. 10 "". 5 not have been. 5 True.. 2 L. Exercise 4 I False. fifth Bf1d eighlh sentences are correct. 4 False. 3 a. 4 D. wouldn 't have left: 6 hadn't made. 4 C. 7 is going to. Exercise S Exercise 4 l b. WOl. Exercise 6 I b. 2 radilm.JIne. wouldn't have struck. 6 There IS also some ~ acthg. 2 g. 4 True. 3 !T<JVl1Y.10 """" _ -J _ . 6 True. would have been: 3 hadn't flown. a sense of tvnor 2. 2 have written. S didn't go to. 1a romantic.5. 3 eyelids.5. 2 trend. 4 a. start: 7 starts: 8 are going. 10 d Exercise 3 1 IS tne latest n this arr-. 'Jitarni1s. t 8 tradrtiOnal Down: 1 react. 6 i. 7 were filled: a has. a tore. 3 B. 8 but for thJse ~ caugh1 !. 5 Vespucci. 7 Eriksson. 3 a. 3 L. 9 True Exercise 5 I shotjd be banned. 5 hoOOld. 2 died. 4 d. respect I. 6 Vespucc:i. 4 hadn't been.IIcn'. 10 a Exercise S l d. S is going to. 3 arrangen"I9'lI.llCed Unit 7 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l b. 4 False. 6 mask. 7 overweig1l. Exercise 4 l c. 3 1OQ1lfident. 2 ~ul. 7 9. 4 b. 3 inOk. 6 oo. 3 Shakespeare. 6 plastIC. 4 is goog to. 4 a. 7 a 8 e """ Exercise 3 l E. 4 are beng printed: 5 ts beng written: 6 be banned. 7 have had. 5 j. 8 a. woUd have died: 8 hadn't inve1ted. 3 lfflWgetened.rrtJus. 6 False. 9 ig1ote. cartdlydrate. 4 SCience flC tlOr1. srnilat age 4. 8 arrMgE!ITIent. 7 False. 10 mabie Exercise S 1 FaJse. 9 Nevertheless. 4 vitamins. 6 True. 10 e 4 ll\entlOl1. a f Unit 4 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 WOUd see. S YCUlQ viewers mIQh1 find paris of the movie rather fnghlerWlg. 5 Eri<sson. 7 active. 12 tlstori<n. Exercise 5 1 hadn't started. 11 biography. 3 and the photography~. 3 h&aHhy. do4ng Exercise 6 1 B. 9 bait. 5 aW!(j. 5 c. 9 9. 2 True. 4 NC. 2 Su'e. 6 a. 6 i. a optimi:itic. 3 best friend. 3 Wll . 9 have corne. 6 wi. 3 ~ 4 a . 6 protective. 5 a Exercise 4 I balar'ced diet 2 protel1. made: 4 had.aDng series.:ate. S tar·wealhe' friend. 7 h. "'" Exercise 3 1 make new friends.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 3 1 defme plarVroutne. a L Exercise 4 1 is gcW'Ig shopping. 3 wanted.10 Exercise 3 t False. Exercise 4 . S you see. you wonl nm. 6 In spite 01. 6 meIar'd'oIy. 7 F. c: 3 C. 8 fiber Exercise 5 l d. 5 a 6 a 7 a. 6 e Exercise 2 1 protejn. been annot. 2 c. 6 S\Ke Exercise 6 Across: 4 garbage. 16 1 had been travetng: 2 had been Io<lkng: 3 had.<>s<Ys Exercise 2 1 have written. wouldn't have become. S is going to. 2 h. 2 Eriksson. 3 a. 14 aspire.re. 7 bor'rt. 7 rave. rT'O'I9y 2. 4 penci. 5 d. 10 c 9 a. trust I. 4E. 2 passive. 3 ~ 4 l S ~ 6 h. 2 bushy. 5 b. 8 MageIan. unheaHhy. 11 pursue. 15 moIat.7.. 2 a.. 8 True Exercise 4 1 ~ 2 a. 3 Not mentioned. 9 ~abIe . 2 c.8. 14 myth. 5 passive. 4 absolutely.5 c.p 11 the magi. 2 True. 3 D Exercise 3 1 d. a False. 9 am going to visit. chocolate. attacked: 6 had lailed: 7 had made. 3 True. Slbstance: 2 calories. 4 ~. 4 have been.leaVng: 0 6 does. 2 A. 8 have protected. 7 gadget.4.3.5. 4 JX>1. 13 creek. 8 ten. l .- Exercise 5 I oval. 2 had lived. 5 evm thoug/1. 3 E. 2 SlJUCk !. mreais. 7 Mll!l!!igent. 5 ~ 6 a 7 h. 7 True. B silcefa. 5 e. 2 k:rve story.vse. 10 dr<rnatic. Exercise S 1 C. 5 A 6 F. third. 4 g. 2 True. 7 c. 7e. Cervantes. 9 Not mentioned. potatoes: 4 circulation. 7 False Unit 5 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 Unit 6 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I passIVe. 13 select. 7 C. 8 c Exercise 1 I C. 3 1rne. 4 MageIarl. 5 A Exercise 4 1 acawniC. 6 a leaves: 3 Ate. 4 passive. Exercise 6 1 False. Despite.YI. 2 wiI. 4 True. 6 <M'Tocgement. 3 have beefI sold. 6 h. 5 detective Exerci se 2 I B. l poetry. 2 are haWlg k. 15 Mlsist. 3 True. 10 True Exercise 6 l a 2~ 3a4a S~ 6~ 7a8b . d 1 are going: 2 Unit 4 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 a'e going to. 5 True. 7 1eadng the~. 3 NeY8I1he1ess.p a friend~. 5 L 6 C. 7 a 8 b Exercise 4 2. SIfT'i(I' tastes 4 Exercise 6 2. 8 passive Exercise 2 1 was written: 2 are rsoc!: 3 were sold. 2 A!tt'ough. 6 b Exercise 2 . 6 a Exercise 4 Patien::e 3. S are reading.~ _ _ _ ~_ T263 . 8 had faJen out Exercise 2 I b . 9 saw. 8 is going to Exercise 2 2.n::h. 2 e. 6 marry. 2 f\C. 2 H. 8 Unit 6 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 C. 6 have been e)l8CUled. 5 False. 3 C.. 5 a. 2 D.b.

4 why. 6 J. 5 how he won thai race. 3 ccqdina:tOl. 4 depression.. 8 turned.. . 3 10 do. 6 dizzy. 7 what is reaItt i'npc:rlant. 3 True. the probjem is that most of these diets dor1'l \YOI1(. women in the U.oofirMg. 7 a Exercise 6 1 heel. 2 sholJdn1 be aIowed. 5 imagination. knew Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 so that. 3 a. 4 the man. 2 assessing. 5 Seme. 4 sholJd be erwxuaged.7. 4 'Nithoul.. sperd ahlost len times !'I'ICftl on deti1g II'm they do on make-~ IW"Id other beauty products. 2 in order 10. 3 why. 2 asking.. 8 False. 7 arEW'I 't they.5. 2 isn't he. Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 see. rn. 3 so that 4 in order 10. 9 ~.8. 4 geninQ. 7 the worna. 7 IXIbaarable. 3 e>:pectancy. 6 what.sf maga2i'Ies.6... 8 the man Exercise 4 1 False. 10 waitng Exercise 4 1. 6 Not enou. 6 a lot 01. 8 so that Exercise 3 2. 6 ~ 7 e. 3 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 9 haven't you. Speaker 2 stress. 2 True.3. 8 our. 4 b.10 Exercise 4 1 dlecki'lg. b. 5 a Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 tying.nat I dislike about boxing.".J'lt spent on keeping thin. 5 runericaI. 4 False. 6 why ~ is so impOrtant to wil. The reason fOr 1M is that . 10 Exerc ise 5 1 ~ 2 d.. 8 teli'lg Exercise 2 1 tyilg. 6 protect. Exercise 3 1 rnusI be. 4 to call.t:l!lOO. 2 a. 4 expression.jlt to be W. il today's society. 7 choose. 2 goilg. 8 watching. Speaker 3 alcohol. 3 fM:J:y. 5 rvt.5.as. 11 obsession. 3 70%. 9 watching.a1t1 a~of ~ 6 We!ii::t two ca100s 01 iI. 9 True. mther tube of toothpaste. 8 So lhal T264 """ . 7 Exercise 6 Speaker 1 obesity.d1. 10 c Exercise 2 1 ¥eIl't you.n::Ireds of dets that n a'QlJ"Ij WId the (rl'IOU'1\ of ~ spEWlt CIl them. 6 True. 4 exaggerati1g.. 4 a. 5 so that. 5 rrus!n" du'rlp. 2 anorexia. 2 c. 6 isn~ ~. 2 to pass. 3 defeaI. 8 drains Exercise 2 1 ~ 2b. )'CU' txx:ty records tt'is. Then.j. 6 the woman. 4 mnP<llhize.rmtiaI art. 2 the man. 6 a. 5 smoki'Ig. 3 Exercise. 5 capture. 8 calf """'" Unit 9 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 a 6 ~ 7 c.tI. 10 ablties Exercise 5 1 inlelgence. Ten times the 8(J)()U')\I . 5 <r1"IOIXIt. 5 Ill§(l1EII'izil. 3 a. 2 bocke's. 3 dscredited. 2 how ~ tmgs people together. 5 Checkilg. INs <YTIOUlt is stil cdy a Itrd of the amot. 8 g Exerci se 2 1 QaoI~atooof~? 2 How CD!&lJ is that ~ of ~? 3 ~ me the jar: of!:l!loe'i. 5 c. 8 True Exercise 5 1 watching. am attracted . 3 ought to be n::teased. 10 very ittkI Exercise 5 1 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 4 determirW'lg. This CIbsessm does nO: m.I!1J.. 7 chec:kt1g. 3 The woman. 6 reuse. 1m secood reason. 5 abdomen. 8 . 2 c. 7 'MIa! lIIr&lr: is that . 2 SIMlraI.. 6 started. 4 hygiene. !he dtr'Iger is that cnce Exercise 5 1 inJected. 7 Where. 4 have a. ITlO!e aD!:! more people feet IbaI they need ~ able lQ protect themselves ~ walki'lg ak:lng streets. 5 the worna. Ill: first Q{ these ~ dyrmic nature Qj most martial arts. 8 ~ . 5 b many rea5CIlS It! p€q)Ie W<I1Mg IQ lea'n a. 6 ankle. 5 diSOfder. 3. 7 False. 7 b. 7 The man.. Exercise 4 1 {.tb:. 2 a. 9 slave Down: 1 SCEI"aio. 10 watch Exercise 2 2.6. 6 sholJd try. 5 The man. 4 drop. 8 artistic.toer1 you stM cielilg. 7 to. 3 essence.10 Exercise 5 1 conversation 4. 8 dink. 7 telling.rt f'XIYI8days it seems to be CW'I obsesso'l. 9 C. 3 (iStuTtliog. 6 d. 5 So as not to. 6 being. 5 f. 6 ~.. 2 The WOfl'\af1. 9 difference Exercise 3 1 10 meet. 2 'MIat. 2 wrist. 5 t'oN. I:!ut two reasons n most corrm::n.7.n. 6 tape. 7 pay. Speaker 4 srnoki'v. 3 to. 4 C. 2 waitng. 7 ~ 8 ~ory """" Exercise 6 Across: 1 shil. 1 b.AJ\t'oou. 4 Sane.j. Exercise 5 1 c. 6 True. 7 ~ 8 a Exercise 4 1 abilitY. 2 so that. 4 can'l you. 3 waist..6. 5 & 6 a. 8 doing.II:l!l mage tIJaI many ~ martial arts have. In fact. II. S hall. 5 have you.0I ~~. 3 is being rnported. 9 askilg.. 8 a Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 has. 3 comersatiOn 5. Exercise 3 1 4 2~ 3& 4~ 5l6~ 7.jlt to pay. 4 in order rot 10..8 Exercise 4 ~ Exercise 4 1 I. 2 ~tial . 9 Unit 10 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 b. 4 abiities. 3 shortage.!iI. 2 wit find. 5 copying.a means Q! self-defense. 10 . 5 to meet. 8 don't they.5. 2 Not Efn. 8 knees Unit 10 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 drinkable. 2 d. 8 The man. 2 mcmentlITl. 4 ron." Unit 9 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 definr. 6 ~.. 5 assessing. 3 i. 5 g.I6l!lliIi!le!: of ic:e=qeooJ? 8 A 1<aIl.QgrWtive.7. 3 do you. 3 askilg.:ritest ~seIf in the pdlxes in IfEI"ti 01 the r. 8 &xne. 5 c:ooversatiOn 2 Exercise 6 1 b. 6 definng Exercise 2 1. 10 h Exercise 5 mage has t!lwiJys t'oeewl ifl1n1ant. 2 conversatOl l .n. 7 Seme.3.g. especiaIy at nigtlt. 3 c. 4 We. but in the h. 5 True. 7 Few.5. 10 responsible Exercise 4 1 twdy 001. and ODe that is corrmon amoog women...3.1!ecCt seen. vas txx:ty begI'ls to store some 01 the foOd as fat () order to OO'I"pEII'lSate fOr !he next tine yoo starve~! So. 8 ~ Exercise 5 1 Fasa. 4 Vfrf ittkI. 6 soong. 9 vital. 8 getting.8 Exercise 3 1 The man. 5 can be clone. 4 evasion. Men. 8 'Nhere Exercise 2 1 why I like SOCC8f so 1l1\. 3 how you spend your money.S.4. 5 a g'EIaI deal 01. 9 a1i:itic. 8c Exercise 2 3.7. 4 b. And.. 7 head. 6 faucet. 8 bacttm arose. 6 in~. 2 <XlrT'QIiIliIor.ja?. 12 pi'npIy 9 c. 8 Unit 9 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l c. 7 n ordef \0. 4 toes. 7 1%. fHlicIJar. 9 to let. 3 dissmlinate... 5 stay.. 2 stress. 7 dleatng. 10 False Exercise 6 1 shot.. 2 Pri'lg. 5 lush.tlen you start eatng agail. 7 ~led. 3 ~ 4 l 5 h..3 ~ 4 & 5 & 6 b. 6 COOling. 9 favorite. 3 h. 5 ron-<lefrilg.7. 9 nauseated. 5 True.. S yoo begrl deti1g you CM never Slq>! A worryilg ttKlutjlt lor m<W'Iy ~.11 women sperd a lot on ciothes Md jev. 8 asking. 2 l1:1derstand. 3 bald. 911". 3 telling. 7 True.. 4 whal we need to think abOut... Exercise 6 1. 3 defrirog. 4 go. 6 to meet. 6 In order to. 4 Fatse. 4 The woman. 6 spatial.. 5 He.6. 6 asking... Speaker 5 lack of exercise. 4 a. 6 the man. i:l.. 10 doesn~ she Exercise 3 2. 9 shoUdn't pay. 8 a Exercise 3 1 Waading.7. 2 captiJed. 4 detmmination. 7 rage. 2 Not mentioned. 7b . 10 shoUd'l't be W Exercise 4 1 & 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c.6 Exercise 3 1 the man.. 3 raIaxng. 6 " order 10. 7 steali'lg. 2 cIefJ:lir). 7 supply. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 4 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ' Unit 8 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 how.§ a~. 7e. B e. 7 obesity. 6 telling. 10 C Exercise 6 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6L7~ 8b Exercise 2 1 (] order to. In fact. 8 indigestion.. 5 ctronic. 7 dsciminate. 3 True.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 5 1 ~ 2~3~4L 5~6~ 7a 8~ 9 b.'e/fy. 4 cIleckrlg. 10 faHgue. 4 conversatkln 3. 2 arguing. 3 the woman. 10 Exercise 3 1 anemia. 7 our.

5 has dreamt. 4 ability. 9 wiI watch. seen. or Britan. 10 wOOd yOJ have . 8 TI\I8 Exercise 5 Dew Juan. 7 irrlI:!Bltng. 12 spring. Unit 12 Lesson 2 Eltercise 1 l d. 8 wOOd have. 5 get.KVive. 4 reviewi'lg. 4 will. 4 watched. e l. 12 scarce. 16 lush.t. These range from being ate to save II:!l: ~ species to reprOO. 5 were.5. 10 0 Exercise 6 1 movie. 9 slum. 6 variety. 41. 6 False. 7 Errp'latiC. 2 been recording. 7 been waitilg. 9 Text B. 6 gMlIiI a-cade. 2 pres&n!. 5 compost. 7 ~ Exercise 3 1 begiri'lg. I tlWi<: it's inportant for young people today to realize how useful rt can be to speak another language. 2 ~. 8 a. 8 be Exercise 4 1 wasnt 2 had conduCted. monster.S. 3 end. 6 spendng.. 5 Good.m from embryos.tI be very good for tis english. 3 j. 6 have. retake. 5 toss. 6 inspect. 6 certificates """"'. 11 donilg. 7 amou'll. 8 forget. 7 False.. 2 begffiing.. 6 be using.. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 c . 16 PtJ"nal. 4 sI'IOUd be. 4 Errp'laoc. 9 Good. 10 False Exercise 2 1 have viSited. 6 enter. 5 beg~. 8 accepI. 3 A. 4 ~ 5 d . Exercise 4 1 Bad. I tq:le ~ acMce ~. 10 ~tant Exercise 2 1 games. 14 onine. 5 11!:&Lish. 4 prtne-time. 5 False. 8 watched. 18 flood. 6 True. 2 e<mem. 9 True. 5 cassette recorder. 7 t 8 c Unit 11 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 a 4.. 4 enriCh. 5 ~. 2 forget. 12 fossil. 15 grade. 9 take. 6 Not StnI.4. 3 False.S. 6 WOIJd have taken. read: 7 have been planning. 10 IiIter. 3 has beer'! tryilg.10 Exercise 5 l D. 6 WQIjd have watched. 7 sitcom. 2 haal't seen. 10 grades Eltercise 4 1 True. 2 Good. 10 have heard Exercise 5 1 False. buI these were . g 3. 7 0. 13 lack Exercise 2 1 fa!. take P1I1 Exercise 3 1.". 10 d Eltercise 6 Across: 1 dynamic. 17 Sl. 6 True. 2 dr<rna. 8 reality Unit 12 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 f. Unit 11 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Neutral. 9 Neutral. they accomplished what many had thought was an iT1possib1e. 4 lot . 2 B. especiaty English. 9 1mes. 4 viSited. 4 False. 4 a. 7 ~ 8 a . 5 Neutral. 10 Text A Exercise 4 When sdentists. 5 sette. 2 would. 2 True. 6 a 7 ~ 8 ~ 5 watched. d 8. 9 optiOn.. 4 ca<eEr. 6 eoo. Eltercise 2 1 made. 3 Neutral. 7 have Idled. or Sritaf1? If I were you. 3 quiz. 8 Bad. 6 cast members.. somewhere like the U. 5 weaknesses. 3 True. 3 don't stop. 6 been taI<ng. 9 False. 3 seen.6 c. 4 overt. 7 ero. 3 decade. produced. 4 hal/9 knOwn. 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 a. exam.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 2 1 ab. 6 CheCkng. 8 Text B. 10 sUI. 8 True. 3 1'101es. 7 switch to. 3 Illlake. 3 g-ade. thus aeating a mocIern day Frari<enstein Exercise 4 1 h.ether he'd Mke to spend a lew monthS in the U. wished. The abi1y to cIcne using DNA leads III to many posslJiIiIies. S frished. 4 end. I'd tal< to y. 19 modify Down: 1 genes. 3 Not StnI. 9 QeSlicides. Is 'fOOl son interested in learning English? Has yoot son evet' been to an EngliSh speaking COlI"Itry.5. 3 had. h 7 Exercise 2 1 seen. she was n fact a carbon copy QI_ CIorWlg of a bit more limited sort has been around lor years. 9 """"" Exercise 3 1 griwing stuff. 6 c. 9 would.dlg ~!lLorg<ns Unit 11 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 buy. 10 9 Exercise 5 l a.I}dant. 2 a 3 c. 9 d. 7 cidn't have. haven't had. 8 Emphatic. 5 h. 2 e. 10 Bad Exercise 5 1 exam. 8 True.n son and find out v. 10 True 4 program. 5 news. and one that I've been asked before. 5 False. 2 would-be.2 ~ 3 c. 7 Text A. 2 True. 3 promise. 6 D!![VOUS. 5 False. 5 ~ 6 g. 7 8 forgm Exercise 3 1 True. 10 Emphatic -key T265 . 5 have risel. 2 ~. 4 False. "'" Exercise 3 3. f 5. 7 True. 6 d. 5 provocative. 7 eigibIe.. 9 Have. 10 snapshot. 9 C. 5 O:Iicating. 2 has asked. 2 be wcr1Ii1g. 7 'd have bWght. Exercise 5 l d . Not ooly dkl Daly take after her biological mother. 2 pass. 3 d. 8 Climate. 6 geaetiCS. 9 c. 3 jarme. 3 True. 8 begi'ri'lQ Exercise 4 l treatng. 3 pressIXe. 10 prevent Exercise 3 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5 ~ 6~ 7 a8~ Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 l a 2~3a4a 5a6a 7 a80 9. 2 False. 3 dump. 3 be suffering. c 2. I have a few questiOnS I'd like to ask you. ~ co. 'Nhat it made DoIy such a t:reakt1Tou!tl was thai she was ctoned form the DNA 01 an adult. 8 0 Down: 2 comI:>I'latiOn.x1y lor use in operations. b S. 17 tricky Exercise 4 1 has been going. 7 slop. 4 ~iIizer.7. 8 cope Exercise 3 1 take. 8 £W:Iity. 6 retake.10 9d Exercise 2 l a 2 ~ 3 a 4 d. 8 mirror. 5 had.4. 11 ntensify. 4 ~. 4 Good. 7 graduated.Q'Jt from ScotlWxl created a sheep named dolly. 3 contermcng. 4 QQil1Iess. 3 hadn't been. 8 WQIjd have been . 14 estimate. 2 g. 7 Bad. 2 En'llhabC. 4 ~ 5 a . 5 i. 4 have beccme. Scientists have t!e!i:a already ctoned rrioe and /rogs. 13 melt. 'Nhat frigltoos many people is the dea that SOO'leCIOe rniglt 10 cIeci:Ie to clone a complete person. 7 False. This is a diff\cutt questiOn.ood be. 15 a1d awam. 7 e. 7 wasn't: 8 didn't taste: 9 COUldn't help: 10 were tryilg Exercise 5 Across: 2 Iremeodous.7. COfTllIeled: 6 . 4 C Eltercise 6 1 waste. 2 con!imf\ated. 3 sirTlJIe. 4 True. J. 6 Neutral.

please. I get twice as Il1Udl as before. which one's GIeg? O'I! Wei.tlt 3f'd day. 2 Cell a:. C A So. Sol means "$1. was released. e And what does MarisoI mean? A It me<ns"SlIYJy sea" i1 SpMsh. B Amazing! A We're goilg to Florida.lU1. to shcm her YOk n a Sln8aist embfuI. But v.. but Maybe. when she entered the Natiooal pr-epiM"atory school.like 5 6 7 4 """"" receipt _hy ""'. -~ eatne as a shock. a local resident. 2 7 8 B Realty? A Do you want to know my 3 B Not rea/tt. then. B Stop shouting.h:I'les! I c:otttl't lM:! 'MthoIJ mi'le. isnl it? A weJ. A And the mooey? B Well. Audloscript . So" these. black Of \'<'hite? B White. I'd have to S<l'J fm probably one of the best C 'Ntr{s that firrly? B Because I'm neither and. way! H wasn't worth ElYQ"'I hall 01 that. Grace. reaIy ike it.!l i'I my Qty. I bought this lantastic phooo last week.She dropped the "e' from Frieda 11 about 1935.. B Agai1! A I saw Matk yesterday. A I passed the exam. B """" A I'm I"IaW1g a party.bIic was <1. but let's say I'm the arty person t kI1O'N who can do it. A No! A Have yoo heard the news? B Wllat news? A Jack and Mgeta have spI~ cp. ¥TfW<l'f... A Come on.H's great.:rit horne. Gteg has da1Ier eyes than twn. AI.:b? B WeI. so B 01! MIne's the bUl one.chez.lced to [)ego RrMa Md mcrried hm 111929.:s an tnJSUaIlliIIIl!I.t1y'S She CtI. Mel she was to ive (II her ife there. n Track 9 A Sat{s getti1g nmied again.xprise. wei 11 have it n I was named altar Sime Holiday. come on! H's orty lor a day. he has bkn:l t\ai'. 6 Unit 4 Track 13 1 A I ive JUSt around the COfT)9(.' Track 6 GalS in the cash Unit 3 Trac k 10 on! I hate them. she gave her date of birth as 1910. Bile! Thai's M IAISI. no! He has realy lair skirt He doesn't have a tan al aiL 1'1 introduce you whoo I see hill.. B on! I'm sorry.P a reputallCI'l atWld the wor1d <n:l traveled to f'. she was ntrOO. He 6'IEI'l made me pay for rT'ri diYler! A Hewhat? A Three hundred doUars.:mge withOut ycu cell phone? How often do you text yCIl. but my friends call me A 'Wtry not? B WeI.wei. She was ctYisteoed Magdalena. how was the date? B AasastB'. B a-. 12.. A Great haifcuI. How would you like yw coflee.eN Haven. I was expecling him to pay me back today.1'1" Of "Stmy" and my parents decided 10 call me Sol. H realty annoys me whM someone's eel phone goes off 11 a teS\alnnt (X whM ycu're tablg to them. "M<r" is ·sea" and "sol'" IS 'SIJl".XD[[l!. C No. !hey Oscovered she was worth over S20 milliOn <V1d she had left ~ aI to her catsl RaU Sar. A M::l he dktl'l? B No.9'l1 att Md was given the rane "Los FridQs.. her family was n for a so.by her stLder1ts.Jse 1'1 a Slb. B Wei.J'. that's nw.".eN YO!\!. Miana? Do you know what it B -""""" Yes. "'" 4 Were you I1lIIIilld aftar~? Wba1 does ~ n::mJ. A """" B weJ. YeOO! Well my dad's illO jazz. Oh I know who you me<Yl he's the one with the amazh'J green eyes. worth that muct1. caIed Gasa Aru . Mel even su1 the internet . starTing actress SaIrna Hayek. A WeI. sir. 4 B No! Reatt? A B Yes? A ThIs soup is realy not hot B A B 2 A So. And wtlen I go on v~tiOn .. A No way! B Wllat do ycu mean? A I'm not gcWIg. B So ycu WOlUl't go agatl.I' eel phone? 3 INhen did you buy yCIl. """" 2 3 "'" Track 7 4 SI. wtTt WCUd I want a eel phone? I don'.I' eel 4 5 6 """" . I don'. When Glace's !emit saw her wiI. play ganes. B Qh. I can take pictlJ"ElS. the rT"II:Me "Ffija' .8lIe House . wartt ~ to be ate to conta:t me ni. A No. B When? A He's almost 60.. 1'1 get you MOther bov. ctoog'og the spelling to F-R·I-D-A. what aboot the yf!kIN B I'm not SlXa. 3 00 you I!ailtt what you IiIDIl . thaI's actually his t:ro!her Sirnc:wl. 00. The year after Itis. B Yeah.? ~didyouw:yrullillIl!l Mel rTlISS8d tIYae yea-s 01 school. she tat. aI I want is peace and qu~t. later. 2 3 4 5 B lIh. The f. and ~ was tefflble. 2 My I!if!l!:IS call me SIll.e. I was B I stJ don'. nvestment A B Wr'rf do \hey cal you Sol? A 'MlIn I was YIlllQ.Workbook Audioscript Unit 1 Track 2 A Hi! I'm MarisoI. how's the rew. In fact tt'e{re real)' dcr'k brown.. B CtI SOtry. A No. B They're not pink. Frida KahlO was born on July 6". <V1d he borrOwed ~e Track 11 1 Do you have a cell phone? 2 How tong have you had yCIl. Ka'*l was ~ . 1907 n her pamt's ho. Track 12 1 """'" A So.IaI name.dI? B FIVe tuJdred doI<r. I don't wa'1I to SOI.1 rigtlt away.I' V8f\j funny because it means "dark and rict1". Does he have a 1M? Oh. B No way! A Look! IS(1"\ that Brad Pitt? B Yeah! """'" "'" """.11 1922. Ka'*l was t:Uking I. C famous? She was a jaZZ ~ from Amo'ca." 3 """"".ri1g a demcI'lstra\k:l'l against the overthrow 01 PreSIdeflI M)enz of Gwtemala. red is rcmanti::.. 8 Y~! -.. AncIl'm Bile. It's """. a bJs acOOIn on her W'i# home fn:m sctcd. B on! OK. Unit 2 Track 5 In F~ 20:13.. Seven dayS tater on »113. So whiCh ones do )'(Xl thilk we should send? wen we can't send the red When Grace McBride died. I Tha.. Garmoo Frieda KahlO Y Galderon . A VIIho's he? C Not "he" Bilie Holiday was a A 3 A A B ""'. 8 lottery creda we shoJd send the yellow ones. she dOO at the age d 47. hOw good are yoo? B WeIA. she bec<me sick Mel was diagnosed as suffemg frool polo o 2 6 7 8 """".. Some hiStorians think she did this as rt was also the yeat of the Mexican E 3 Track 1 A B A """"'00. they're A Look..was tot by her father a few ye. wei! All the cheaper stores were closed. I A Prid You have to be jokng.rrl\s.t nor? It's such a beaulmJ ~'s B pretty CXlI1ll'01 Track 3 1 l'baI.. ived alone WIth her five cats n an old house n the loYII'l 01 f'... Mile? B What 00 you mea-I? 1925. 00. The acOOIn almost proved fatal <n:l certarlj chaflged her iIe. said. Her II1ai ~ance n p..odesI . il my cowlry. A Wtr{! 'Mlat happeMd? B I've never met a'1)'OfIe IKe hin. sorry. A wt»ch of these cups is YOOO. B What did you say yru name Marisol.:rs before she was born. """ """" t~ ye'IcN one.1ved i'l the past without them. we have to . A WrJ. A can I get ycu a drn<. I ctiiI: """". ~ was alter this acddent that she started paio:1ting. I cal't lnagi'1e haw people B C A C -' was? I'm Actiana. get it. ~ the 194Qs. B A How rn. C M! What atxluI yw ncrne. 1954. No. 'M'Iat's y<:u A Well. A That's OJIrageotJSl H's not 7 8 Do you use yru eel phone a lot? Does anything annoy)'(Xl about ceA phones? 'Mlat's the most aTOYf'9 thtlg about eel phones? I WWd you be ate to m.dl 01 Mtm:o Track 8 A A So what happened? B Wei.I'ld mrr. it's not bad. Maile. She I'lE!YEI" spent <ny money Md was Mvays weaing the same cbIhes. In teday's progral1 we're goilg to take a brief look al the ife 01this amazing woman. the age of seven. A So. By 1938. 4 00 you 1M you' QiIDIl:7 5 It's pretty Q.

A Why trust? B Well. 2 A So.. The ear1iest types of these didn't have arms. No.Workbook Audioscript 4 5 6 7 a A B A B A B A B A B I work in the travel industry. B A Qualities of a friend? B Yeah! A Well.what he called the West Indies. It is useful fOf writing and drawing and can be erased very easily. scientists have found that part of the cocoa bean contains a chemical that helps prevent tooth decay! N1CI in the U. A Isn't ~ incredible that the population of the world is going to double. 2 William Cullen. No. of course. ~ has to be money. The first electric model wasn't invented until 1803. Originally rt was a triangular shape made of wire. most of the time the places he tanded on were islands . when people eat chocolate. So. It wasn't until almost 100 years later that peope could buy one to keep their f()(Xj cool. A Columbus? You mean the glJ)' who discovered America? B Yeah! Except he didn1 discover A """"". INhat do you like eating? B Well.. I think that's too big an age difference and they don't even ~ke the same things. 3 A B A B Sure they did. Columbus didn't realize that. he was the first European to reach America. AM' There he was. 3 Both Joseph Swan and Thomas Edison invented the electric version in t878. USA. too? YoM Would you like to dance? To dance? Great party! them will get married in the next A few years. But you might rot know that the Aztecs used to use cocoa beans as a kind of money. I'm a vegetarian so I don't eat meat. Track 20 Welcome to Chox.g model was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in B Sure. rt would be fish . The first Track 19 1 A So. It oontained no lead and was given its name by mistake. what do you like eating? B I guess I'm not like many A What do you mean? B Weil l don't really like chocolate. He went from door-to -door cleaning ~'s carpets. Mike. Of course. the real popularity of chocolate does not really come down to the cocoa itself. then I wouldn't want you as a friend. without a doubt. INhat are you reading? B I'm reading an arbcle aoout Columbus. what makes chocolate so addictive is all the extra things that are added to rt . yes. well. especiaJ~ spaghetti with MaIch. interestingly. ten me . do you? A &lre. scientists in a number of countries have found that chocolate contains chemk:aJs that have benefrts. B N1CI another quality? A Sometl1ing you don1 have. did you see that show on TV last night? B What show? A The one about the world 25 years from now. What about you. SO the population won't grow as quickly as they think. honor should go to Leit Eriksson. 00w did you meet? Oh! Nothing unusual. They showed the birth rate and the increase in people 's life expectancy. I' ~ tel you a little bit about chocolate. rt's so funny. but I don't like piZZa. Yeah. rt was easy! I dropped my purse and he helped pick up all the things. put rt this way.mbus was given a gift of cocoa beans. many of you will know that chocolate Ofiginally comes from Central i\merica. A You wouldn 't believe how t met my boyfriend.es do you think are impJrtant in a friend? B Oh. V'Illile we walk around the factory. Most people think 1JJal. on one of his voyages to the Americas. wel l. Chocolate also contains a natural "love drug" . ~ is very usefut for keeping pieces of pap9f together. It wasn't unt~ the early nineteenth century that chocolate as a food. B Arld what 's that? A Patience. A But that's Italian. The first model used gas for power. B Yoo don't believe that. Absolutely! [interested] - Track 14 A So. INhat do you like eating? B I guess I'm a litHe bit of a A How much do you eat eacll week? B Oh! At least a bar a day! A So. A I've never understood 00w FIOI18 and Marl< can be such good friends. Most of my friends aren't married and I don't tl1ink any of ""'" B 4 A B A What do you mean? 01 course he did. Did you date at school? No! In fact I didn't ~ke him at all.ty favome food is probably Italian. B Well. """""'" B """"'". became popular. They were probably invet1ted in Italy. Sandra. B 5 fXlPlI\ation wi~ daJbIe. they rested on the bridge of the nose. One of the main ingredients is sugar.. 1876. helping me to my feet . people naturally have a ' sweet tooth' . B A Sure.none of them dangeroos. B Oh! That one.. "'" by clothes makers and barbers. A For me. you talk enough.S. but I'd guess I'd need them to be able to listen to me. rather than a drink. They didn't have any A ""'" Unit 5 Track 17 1 John S. N1CI 00w did you meet? I was waiting fOf a bus and there he was. the biggest chocolate factory in the world. B So? A Well. whch is added to take rmw the naturally bitter taste of cocoa. a Scotsman. Do you know John. Hyou can't take a joke. [)on 't you? B No. but it doesn't mean that they won" have children.~ was really embarrassing. but I still don 't think the workir. Miguel. I thougtlt. Thurman invented this in t899. she's about 22 and he must be at !east 50. I haven't really thought about it. he thougllt he'd sailed around the world and reached the Spice Islands. 9 The modern ' lead' ~ersion was invented in England. lt was an invention with a bright Mure. they feel happy and relaxed! One question I'm often asked is. I've neve. A But does that mean you onty eat vegetables? B No! In fact. B Oh. INhat do you like eating? B Ah! A difficutt question.Tryptophan. but they forgot to mention that fewer people are gening married and many are starting their families later. It was very popular as it was easy to correct mistakes. getting off. In Japa!1. A Yep! B That's pretty funny. She likes going out to discos and he just likes a quiet time fishing. A Very fulny. A So. 7 4 Track 18 1 protein /I chocolate II substance 2 calories II minerals IllIitamins 3 unsweetened II unhealthy II potatoes 4 circulation II carbohydrate /I -< Track 15 A A1l<Ji. B Morey'? A Come on! t'm joking. 4 Marconi. rt's no good if someone is jealous or if they don't respect you for who you are. Track 21 A Hey Jane. was the inventor of this technology and Faraday later used the idea. Leifwho? AudIoscript . B What do you mean? A WeB. t hasten to add. only made the idea popular. Howe~er. what qualit. they have found that eating chocolate helps fight heart diseasel 6 Earty versions of this were made from DOe piece of metal. =>d" This was inveflted by accider1t in 1946 when Dr. I was running for the bus and A B tripped. a piece of cheese is what I'd have as my comfort food. In fact. Modern cross·blades are used 2 2 A B A B 3 """ 3 A B A B A 4 . what we know as Indonesia.he's OON your boyjriend.understood that why did he call them the West Indies? They're nowhere near India. fI. how did you first meet? B Well. ' Is chocolate good for you?' Well.. As many poisonous plants would normally be bitter. Petey leBaron Spencer found that a chocolate bar that was in his pocket had rnej\ed while he was workilg with mK:rowave radiation. trust. Coh. Track 16 1 A So. "He looks nice!' But if he was getting off. Given the choice. That might be true. 10 This was invented by a secretary from Texas. It takes ~s name from Greek and means "far mushrooms. A I was working as a waitress in a restaurant and I spilled SOUp over this man. that's true. who some people think invented this. Wow! But still. Well. 8 This was in~ented by a Norwegian clerk named Johann Vaaler. FIOI18. Do you? Do you like the party? Mmmmm. for example. Do you think fewer peope will get married? Sure. 00w Ioog have you known Jake? AtXlut seven weeks. In fact. I guess ~ I had to choose one thing. B Go 00. we were at scho:xlI together. Mmrnmm . but for me rt's pasta. Probably not. B [)on'. So.

rmg . ex cc:use.nat? A WfA.A@in.-. She beat a load of men in a tournament.nat about other fantasy books? Fantasy books have been arOO'ld lor many years. . the Ganacians were.nallll<e. I bo. Wrj . For me. Unit 7 Track 25 TNs man has a pretty pk. that's . Frst 01 aI he coIapsed Md then he cried his eyes out when he g:rt tis • . reacMg is abou1 reIaXilg.Workbook Audioscript B Leif Eri<sson.st doo't know WI Should tell her. in particlJl<M'. as wei as ffiCI1y traditional mythical races such as elves. Track 32 A HtJ1! Look at lt1is article hero.what about PaJja Radciffe.RR TeoI<8l. have. this guy was my nineteen and he could easily be Fb.. then I'm rot happy. A ""~. no! just for ILnt People said I wcUd fYW' out 01 them. are yoo? No. a biography ex a 000k about real events.. The last tx:dI. 'Mlat's the point 01 reaOOg abou1 stull that iSn't even ~ NcrN. Gymnastics.mp face.. However.I'Ider bushy eyebrows.. Can I gJ? Tra ck 31 There are many reasons for people wanting to learn a martial art. dwarves.g.. I think fflEIClng SI'IOUd be 10" learning.. Vvhat do you mean? A Wei..eJt vMd Mel rea!isoc worlds. 2 3 4 Track 26 A Don't be such a baby! Oh. Another woman darning she can c:orrpete against men.. the best ItW'Ig is a good klYe story you know. k:lts."""". many fantasy writers have tried to create eq. No.. the best part is trying to figure out who dunnit! UI'\Iess there's a good twist n the plot. rtMte(. 10 """"" -" _" 5 6 7 S - • """'.. A But that's not fair.? A WON! look at this j:tloto. Woo! A Yeahllwl . The first 01 these is the dynarric nature 01 most nwtiaI arts.". nol Oh. E """'.a theme otten fOlIld illTl(l'l'J fantasy 000ks..and that is financiaJly. and wizards. Arnefica was named alte' the FIofentne ' " why? Because he was the Iirst person to re<ize that the Americas were no! pM 01 Asia and were. are anracted by the inage that many of the martial ats have. bot not all. you stxJN me a woman • """"". more m more people leal that they need to be able to ~tect themselves when walking aIoo. A 'Nhal's the !1OOtest sporti1g moment for you. " intelligent optmistic • ""'" Unit 8 Track 29 We're going to catch up on some school wO!K. Mom. nol 00.rnaMgt between good and eW .! won by less than taf a second.. Track 24 Everyone has heard about Harry Porter.ro cx:mpares Hogwarts with Midcle-Earth wi anger Mel outrage Ttfden fans. I can't. especially at night. the Bmish rna<alhon runner? She can beat most men in the marathon. C FICtion! Wasta 01 tme. Ttfden created his own world." C Wrrf do you w<¥'1t to go 5 6 ? S 9 10 . 5 6 """. Just Jnagine. C School work! You're not lying to me.o.. HaIry Porter has already exceeded The Lord of the Rings in one way .A. the British • A WeI. He has ttwl eyebrows abo\Ie i&'ge eyes.! But vbj was he so A So? A So.. A Are you coming to the party tcright? I can't. the teadW wi he<w". Since Lad 01 the Imgs. A That jacket. • • • • • S'oWmWlg il the 200B ". the limit's one box Mel one bottle. ok then.I'1II HatTy Potter has WI')'OOe managed to succeed. I dal't WMI to have to think \'He I'm reaci1g. caIed Middle-Earth. A Hey! Stop cheamg! A But 'PI're cheatilg. A Yep! Most... A 'Nhat with? Yoo're always 00rr0wing I"I"'O"le'I from me! WOO? A You know. The Lad 01 the Rings is about the age--<t:I battle Track 28 A IIo'1c7N Illi best Iriero's boyfrierd is SEOOg someone else.. H you ttri: atxJut ~. 3 TNs . I know that..but I hated the """"" ""'. bot not all. He was a Vi<ilg expk)rar 'AOO landed n C<nada arnost 5IXI yeas before CokJmbus set sal n the fifteenth centl.ming or boxilg 01 . He has a pointed nose and a prominent ctMn. can I go """"'" • • toJerny's? B Give me a good murder mystery Mf day.. but so wi the men." Oh yea. She was oriy 14. 'Nhat I loved was the look of astonishment on his face when he reaized what he'd dOlle.' '>< coordinaton determination mesmeriZing ... the best moment has to be Manhew" Pinsent winning his fro1h gold in four difftwent Olympics.. MiChelle Wei. with races 01 00 own OIention. But not I. faster. !-is Iorehead is klw and he has a nat some sctooI worK..man """. . wi) yOOl A 'MIat are you going to do? AbouI. after two iOCmeters of rowilg to win by on~ a fraction of a second . My favorite has to be SpiOerman .. nobOOy wi know. 'Nhat? COlI"S9 it is. I txlught it.. Tel her you're going to a frierd's to do eyes l. A Yes. A B """'" -~. I read was so ftroy it made me cry! Now that's what I caB good. I don't rdy have tine. everyc:ne knows that men <W& better at sp:::rtS than """'. 01 CXlUfS& you s!'lotjj! A But d I do. no? . shl3'1 be so If you doo't. Yean! Pretty~. Surely I guess he may have. In fact. A AAd why do we cal ~ Arnefica and not CoIumbusiand Of something? B WfA that's easy. get belter.. and the pictures just add to the whOle thir. whefe the man gets the WOIl"a"I n the end. she'. It kild 0( captlX9S the rooment. 'MIat was anazing was the lac! that ~ team Oft. unbelievable! The team had so much stamina and det9l'1'l'Wlation . stronger ••• better. Men. I did! A Yeah.nat was reaIy goot was the bok on tis lace after he'd won.:v1owe rni!1l1 h<MI been the real 2 3 4 -' My. Tell me one that isn't.. amazirlg cmracters. but two reasons are most common..re. . But H I'm goi'Ig to read SClI'lleII'i'g.. So? If yw keep quiet. mom. it 0:::000'.1l1 ~. Md one wtictt is COI'T'lTlCtl 00"0I1Q women. Yoo won't tel anyone. be reaIy 8IYT'I with you. Probably the most noticeable thing atxJut Tolkien's work is how real his world seems.. but wtr{? They have great stories.• . arl)U19 .ro can beat men at n. just sit back <V1d erPt it. His ips ae vesy hAl 00t he has a Iaitt smaI rose. A &. !hen I W<VlI it to make me 1aI. 2 TNs man has an angular face.. but the customs officer doesn't need to. A . Wei. • • II's amazing to think that 5 Cervantes and Shakespeare migtlt have died on the same Track 23 A Fa 1M. I think ~ COlJj have been de • • • • swm • • • "". C AnyItmg to declare? 4 Unit 6 Track 22 1 Do you think M. so I stole it. 2 3 4 Track Z1 AeoIy? """" • • """""' """""'''' """'. not an sports are about A Track 30 ""'"""" A Huh! That's not a real sport. """"" AeoIy? Oh.I streets. A Vvhere did you get that? I"~. but.. Sh! Hyou don't ru~. ~ team wasn't the laYoriIe. rigltt Yoo stole~. IItri. For me. And there's that golfer . is as a means 01 self-defense. you have !tYee Ixlxes 01 cigarettes Mel at least two bottles 01 whske.. ~ has be Michael Phelps . 2 3 4 o 5 6 7 S 9 Mm"". n fact. ""'''' • • • or • • • strength. a separate cootflent. I didn't...qi.. • • 2 • wiming his fifth gold medal of the 0I'ympic games in Athens. No. I r. CXle of the best kNOwn is The Lord of the Rings by J. The second reason. she'. have been MaOOwe. and she firds out you knew. il leday's society. My mom won 't ~t has really deep-set A Come on.r1. His ears stick out and his eyes are fairly dose- No. Pete? lkl1.. A But StXeIy if 'PI're Iookilg at the 2004 Olympics. 3 OK. A WeI. It (3l'...

I krDw that! But what does geneticaly mcdified !TI9a"l? WeI. 11ll6lI1. water.st so easy to drive everywhere.. yes! Pro we ffilISt also remember that lhe ~tity A You mean that the amount of water doesn't change? B No.. B 5 Unit 11 Track 42 Have you seen the latest reaity 2 3 4 5 Unit 10 Track 37 1 2 6 7 8 """"" • 5 6 "'" foore1 3 7 """ """" drains IV"""'baking so happy? Why's he How long have you been other ways. Well.. B """'. The next thing you know.Workbook Audioscript B WeI. I tried to sign ~ to a local hea/lh dub but it cost $25 a week! I know I should waJ<. you r:rit live once..1eo games . as wei as the Well. A How can mil. A No.. most people jllS! don·t realize how il1portant """'" genetics implanting 8 '"""""" '""""" """ How rTQ"ly tines has he been Have they firished? """" pesticides 10 resistant Track 43 1 The thing I really hate about this 2 The way in l'Alich games become addictive Track 41 A Look at this packet. people are asking lor ~! My husband suffers from this. lood . is~? Fait? Far Ior..xifiOO. ~ the ones who MI guilty.jht! It's so easy.nat's in rt am. A B "" WeI. I don't see how that tasts . but now I probably orty have about five a day. A Wf. ""'. aren't you? 6 You're ~ wi toniojlt. A B us alive.. 5 6 7 8 9 Track 40 1 . ~.nat it does.AIXI what atlererce does thai """"".nat. don't yo. Vllhat. was~? 10 You want rTlO!e." 3 4 5 the terrible graphics. come Ofl! That's noI the point. for example.. didn1 "..telligence.e. After ai.. 00 they? 5 You're rrmied.. Dr. it's caIed ~ inteligenCe$. A Easy! ~'s the thil"d shape. one of a number 01 wOOd experts on water. B No. B But how do you know that? Why can't ~ be the second ""'" 2 3 . A I tel you . ~'s <maZing hOw rru::h we waste. I've art down. isn't it? W"fI 'Mla. you won 't catd1 me worrying atxJut it. doesn't it? 8 You cooked this ~f. s People just don't watd1 what they eat. we can r:rit Qri. you've dru1k half a bottle! It's easy to say you don1 have a proIjem. but you can learn. then !oms douds. 5 A B A B A B A B A 1 But one 01 the ideas now is that there MI different ki'ods 01 inteIigenCEI. like musical inteligence Mel ilterpersonal intelligence? Yes.nat's the big deal? It's reaIy important 10 know what's in OIS food.ted So you're S8"ying that GM is the same as contanYlated. A B W9I that was all caused by the cows being led contcrnina. you get . that's part of its beauty. look. lose !-is job. ~'s.0. W rIOt surprising. isn't it? You get heme after a long day at work. Unit 9 Track 33 A Look at this! Another 1." yo. then you're asked to Choose from leu dtferent Shapes end deC:XIe which one best fits the empty space.te! We drink two C<W10flS 01 juiCe a doy. water? B Yes. M:I how many typeS eX inteligera are thInI ~ to be? Oh! I think it's eight./? 7 Ths lastes great. 6 7 They've aI becO'ne nalicroal Track 34 2 3 4 spatial discriminate empathize 5 6 7 """'" intelligence discredted Track 38 A On today's program we have Dr. A B 4 A """ you have to think Because about the color 01 the backgrourd. A &.. A Wei. He ate a v.. which is far less than you lind in the ICe arru"Id the Natfl and South poles. A Noway! 8 9 artistic 10 abilities """"'" water is 10 us. SQI'l1e ol the QOeSIions ~ to do with shapes. 3 . then. A Track 39 1 Gan I have a bag of d1ips? 2 How rroch is that bonle of "". don't you? Track 36 1 To be honest.... We need Mother t!. just more expensive. that's right.oo? Aanit you're aI just scared. Good afternoon. I A B B So.... 'Twice a week' . To be hcroest../? B CII. it rains onto the lend.~ we <idn't \hirl( have water. B Wei.st not lair.. It'S absokJIeIy scandalous how we continue to pollute the YefY thing that keeps WeI.to work..t do you me<I"I Wrr{?" Wei. messed ~ with. B Not atways -there's organic And you're telling me that orgaric food is better for me? B It's probably healltl ier. No. isn't it? What do you mean? Wf!j. Something that is viIalto us.. Roberts. . bok at ttis one. Roberts.o9? 3 4 Pass me the jar 01 honey. ~t is the reason? WeI . In lact. In fact. but it doesn't mean I'm rot intEligent. I 1Tl!m. this ~ is GM free. 'Nhen we talk about dirty water crd contaminated water.. and I still don't beUeve they Track 35 1 You're American. ....OOIe bar 01 ChocoIa..1 9 II wasn't you.... . lhink of an the lertizers that are """. . 2 contarmated ""'" How many have you seen? I've never ~ watchi'lg Tv. H's pretty /\my that we cal 0lI" planet "Earth.. Water starts Off in the ocean. isn't it? 3 You exercise fNefy day. To start with. what is? B Wf. well.. A So.' " abrut it . can't yo. poll" ~ one to ~ you retax. I ttri:... ~.Ie 01 tile.. come on! AI food is messed cro. do you rernerrber allhose scaes abrut Mad CoN Disease a lew years back? Yep! ""'" lood... """ He.n:I with. I'm just saying that unli I know . B Vllhat? A It says "Contails no GM ingredients. and the water goes into rivers and strewns. After that. IMIat ftavcI" is that container 01 k::ecnxm? A can 01 beans. my doctor said. atnost three-quarters 01 the SLM"face 01 the earth is coYOred with the stull.nat all the fuss is about. thEw"e you go. A B A B A It's that ~? B Oh.. aren't yoo? 2 ThaI's bad lor YOU.. A Oh. hOw rru::h do we use? B Not a lot. I know it's unhealthy. I'm not going to eat rt.. It's also interestng to see what we 00 with water. B Good afternoon.. about one pen:ent of the water. but I need something to calm my nerves.Jways WOIl)Ylg that he'. but I think a lot 01 caIecI "INat&<". the only thing that changes is wI'le!e ~ is. But what does GM me<I"I? GeoeticaIy rnc. The arncu1t of junk food eaten nowadays.J. Dr.. be GM free? B It means the WNS haven't been led with food that's been A A B Vllhat do you 1ll6lI1? B WfA. I've neY9I" been very good with spatial tli'lgs. I used to go through aOOut a pack a day. I thi'lk the maill'9aSCJl men don't want women COI1l)8ting in the S<ITIEI events is because they're afraid eX bei'lg beaten.be 01 toothpaste..nat you pay lor.. then we WOlIki'I'.b.. they're r:rit vegetables. He's. You're gM3n three ~ and a bIri square.a 00. WeI. After all. Wei.J. We recycle water all the time. Exactly....tlich in tum go back "to the oc:e<Vl . .. A B A Have you &vef taken one? Yes./? 4 Men don't lYe as long as women. but it isn't that easy. H means that he leaves lor work at about seven in the morning and I'm kicky ~ he's home before nine at rj. Sure.. I'm ctMousIy intelgent in one of the """" do. I don't know . gNen how ~ ~ is.Alld how rnarrt 00 these socaIed tests check? ProbOOIy r:rit two or tIYee.. because it ShOIJd realty be B A B A B Wei that's!1XJd then.. cognitive 8 . but it's. Paul Roberts. the tlWlg lhat amoys mel One tt"Wlg that stops people buying vk. evaporates " to the air. --.. test B Yaat1! There seems to be one in fMJfy magazine nowadayS.

deo games bad B Thai's a Vf1fY ilterestng question because it treats the topic as vert black and white.l'lCOI'llkrta chairs. 4 Track 49 WfJa:xne to WoocI<n::l Language School. 6 .. FrstIy. Before we take yr:AJI cals.h. but •. if you ask me. A 'MIat. Wet I'd prefer to watch that than some doct. """""'. come on! You can't reaIri believe that. yeah! Sure. 8 They don't ~ a thing! I passed my math exa-n 00:1 yell stiI e<n'1 baance my acc.. e I'm sony. so 1I<tla1's ~ ike to be a celebrity? WfA. It's absurd to say they don'. We offer a wide range 01 COO"SeS.. e INrri wooId you want to watch that stuff? A Because it's ro.. e 0 &re... ~'s adictive trash. 3 4 arne(iorate 5 6 7 8 9 scientifc 10 tl'8f1SlX(lation . 5 Track 50 optirristic 2 -". 2 A "'. B In what w<J(? e They need to Show ~ know stuff..IuOOg TOEFL and Business Engish. there ere also some positive effects and these should oot be Jorgelten.v goOO someone is at Iakilg tests. including vigjts to the theater Of sporting events. Ar'IOIh&.. I1CM' I'm makilg lots 01 money and 11 never have to wOOl."'" ••. too. 2 WfA. as far as I'm concemOO. e In wtich case. if you have 'iflt (JJ8Stions . but some of them.ick reactiorls and geat hcn:Ieye coordnation. OK. I guess not. ArstIy. so what's the pOOt? A B Good evening.. the biggeSt problems we social. I"d watched the first series Md thOught.. In reality it's not as clear cut as that. A No. I think yoJ've both!1Y&1 us !lings to think about. On tonigll's show 'He'A. Hi. B Well.(? B A B I ~t kM of wrote in. So. For ex<rTllIe. Unit 12 Track 46 A The phone-in on teday's show is about exams and how ~t they ere.". wOO<. who has been carrying out research on this topic for more than three years.. HcM'eYtY..tleIher you'. Hyou had the chcr'lce to do it again. You 00her kn:lw it Of you cion'\. you can cIothat". e -.st atout school exams. then it WOUld be afferent.. "Come on.xi"1g. ~ was reaJIy bad at the time. WeI.xatiOnal inStitufuns. rut thai's not the same as being soo::essfU...I"e some peqJIe's knOwledge. - """ pOOtless . 9 In my company we use them III the time to sea how wei people cope under pressure. how else WOI. They my measue hcr. 0 Yes. "That kXlks M ' . - ""'. One minute I was wOfking in my local supErlTIaIket and the next ffWute . aren't I? B [)efi1tetj. We h::Jpe that you'" time here will be both ~ and useflJ. Sa-Mntho. A An:j what -""'" . but I think that's and yet I was still pretty successful. good morning . Good evooing. WOI. But as it is. People also suffer from backadle from sittOg in l. . . I thoulj11. An:j how dd you get on the novelist Annie Jones... A First. ~'s pretty funny. there B B A e "'yo.l8ti Vv'hat cIo you mean? e Well. but now I'm A I'lld you ttWlk it was worth . from I'lc:lnestay to seII-oontained apMmer1ls... Evening.even when you're A So.no are nterested in pwtic:tlating and not just watchi1g won~ be dsappoiltecl. no one remembers what they did in a test... so ~ 's reafty difficu~ to S2tj. These kids Jose the abity to sociaize most ~ers play these g<mes aIore. This ooabIes us to grve students exact~ wtlat they reQUire. it's geat to be here.tlWlg ~ that ij the kids are pIayi1g garnes. A OK Tt\CJlk you both. so when I heard they were maktlg MOlher show. 0 Me. the tI1ng thai pefSU&CIes Ptq)Ie \0 buy the game. Please cal me &vn. they can damage you'" eyesight.y quaified <n:I have experience 01 workilg in a variety 01 ro. Secondy. B So I guess you watch aI those soaps Md reaity Track 47 A ~e waste of lime.! gcMng to be taJIOOg to Samantha Wilson.. 5 6 7 8 """'" """"" ". we have two guesls in the studo that have dfIerilg W3ws on the vakJe 01 exMIS. but others ¥8 a waste of time.. e But TV stnJId be reIa. ~ has to be the ~ w&i. MMy 01 these games are extremely vioIeI1t and this can't be good for young people. lief! school at 16 without passirY. 7 Tests! Completely pointless. Gocx:I evOOng. B It was tooiJle! You ~'t believe how nasty othef people can be! And to know that the wt'toIe COlKltry knows all ycu secrets. B A I'lld OU" secord guest is the !anile in Africa. One thing I've noticed is thatl'T'Wly kids who play lots 01 these gcrnes have ~ Q. as there are two Sides to the issue... wei. ""fI . """"? B .M:I we go about it? We've been usilg exaTIS oo:Ilests silce we first stood on two legs. one of the IeOOng exam boards in the COUltry. it makes people reW:lw what they've stU(ied and that can orVy be beneficial.Jd you find out who knows things? I failed aI my exams at SChOOl e Not aD. be su::x::essfU in ife? B &re . P. 10 To be tn'lest. We also ~p our students with theW accorrmodation needs. as wei as headaches and even problems with tOOr tmds Md fingers. There ere <itlerent types of accorrvnodation available. at least they can~ be gelling into trouble on the streets.tlt? Tho _ _ _ B 'M'ich one? A - ~agajn.. Dr. oot . But. ~'s strange reaty. After ai. h. Trac k 45 A Wr:m! Did you see lhat Show on TV last ni!. .. wt1ich is a considerable number. many peopIa take a test Mel then forget EM!J)1hing. I mean. are exans a fair way of frong out how srra1. you have to be able to rTI6aSI. Sam.Jd you want to employ M engineer to build a tri:Ige W they'd fajed thai' 9' 'gi I0OI i WJ - e famous. 3 Well. but that's different. ~ isn't natural to spend hoIxs on end staring at a computer Of TV screen. I'm ctong shcJNs Ike this.. WOI. B WeI.. I mean.J 0lJ'" teachers we n.xational. Ryan. Leanne on line one. I'm sony you leellhat wWof. An:j WOI. Dr. " paape had to retake !hem f!NelY few yen.j exans Show v. not even EngIsh? e No! I was tentlle at Ergish.. A Vohlat? You watCh that stuff as well? """'.- are the psyd'loIogicaJ reasons.Jd you? B Oh. On the one hand there is ~ of evidMce to Show that W:teo games can be bad..j ant of my ex<ms. ISIder because wgJ """"". let's go to OU" li"st caner. we also have iYI extensive social program.. they're watcti"g everyttWlg you do . Ryan. We teach CM!I: 12. but we're not taIIing.. Ihero are medcaI reasoos. ''-''''-''I wortc.. How else WOI.Jd you want to go to a doctor who hadn't passed medical school? e No. Parks... does passirY. For us that's probably !he most useful thing about them. Scm. . star of Channel 1's latest reality SOOw. 2 3 4 Track 48 """ .rnentary on people""". in a A Well.Workbook Audioscript 6 7 8 A the twgh cost. Parks. A Just shows hem sI'\aI::Jw you e Track 44 0 Hey! No need to be Ilde.(0) students a year. was ~ actl. B Yes. I mean. not how sma1 they are.x)U'11$. are . So. Those of you. doesn't it? I guess some are good. An exciting commercial ()l10dayS program we'lS askJ'g Ate I'Ii:1eo games bad fa )OO? In \he stLdo I have Ryan Ferguson.. makilg it possiJIe lor us to find somethi ~ to slit ~ who o:mes. . Dr. it really depends on the test. but tests are a proven way 01 showing ij someone ~ smart e Oh.. thank you for being my first guest on the . people ere? B 01 cx:use they n. J can~ be A -. Ivan ParIts who ~ the head of Awonl.

49 (sneakers). London. Ana Palricia Maf1 iMz Vile. Lumpini..bibIe. 38 (header). 96. All Rights Reserved . 117a. Ma(l8zi116 September 1999. 1191. Unit 8: Lasson 1: Extract from "The great picturo shOW' by Gordon Thomson copyright Cl The Guardian 2003.2 No. Corbisl John Madera pp94b. TVT Mllsic lroc and Virginia Beach Music.-/ Elizabeth Young p 32 . Tel: (55) 5482 2200 Fax: (55) 5482 2203 elt@macmillan. 112b. 9th " oor. Aurelio Antonio Martinez Rivera . 00. 89.F. 3&1. 142. reprinted by permission of the autl"lor. Corbi" Jim Cummins p83. Get1y News and SpoIV S teve Poweg p 8Obr.4 . Corbis! NASA p49 (shutt le). CorbisI Bob Rowan 97b. 16c. rtes p32. an interview with D< Doug Parr. A1amy/ ()av. Getty News and Sport! Staton R. The publishers would be happy 10 hear 'rom any copyright hoIdet that hat not been acknowledged. Alamy/ Gavin HeliBr p90. reprinted by permission of the publisher. AI Rights Reserved. 2006 Student's Book text C . Gelly News and Sport! Pedro Armestra pl06. 109. SOa. Getty News and Sport! Tony Duffy p86a . 137. 47 . Alamy! Jean Luc Morales p32 . support. Getty News and Sport! Mark Mainz p141 .R. first published in Associated Press 23.V. Unit I : Lesson I extract from 'Why people use pseudonyms' by Alex McNeil first published in Shakasp6af8 Matters VoI. Corbis! Chuck Savage '-'" p131 . Action Plus p82. Unit 7: Lesson 3: Extract from 'How honest 8fe you?'. 121br.2 . Scott Storch and Timothy Mosley copyright CI EMI April Music InclTennman TlInes .3. Getty News and Sport! Soon Halleran p84m: '-" Gelly News and Sport! Steve Hansen p86b. Unit 10: lesson 1: Extract from ' Precious fluid' by Dinyar Godrej. 135. 90.2 . 109. 147 (young man).on(Ion W6 8BS 1995. Corblsl Jim Craigmyle p72. 147 (old man).. 01180 M6xico. C Edilooal Macmillan de Mexico. All RighlS Reserved. Lesson 4 : Extract from 'Focus Rated' first published in Focus . 59. Corbis! Stapleton COllection p52b. / Geographic pllc. Lesson 3 : Extracts from 'Can GM crops feed the world' by Dr Michoio Kaku and ' GM : a QUick fix that is doomed to fait . 4Sa . raprinted by permission of Intarnational Music Publications Ltd.{. CorbIs! Jack HottingSWQrth pI21b1.. 77. stored in a retrieval system. BOa. Corbis! T. mechanical.22. 142d. 32. CorbisI Paul Edmondson p121 tl. Mei Mel Alicia Chu Pulido. Getty I Tax i pp43.. Corbis. y8(Iid Monroy Segundo.2 Wlnt8f 2003. Unit 3. S7. 64 . C) Editorial Macmillan de Mexico. SpoIV Wamer Bros. 30a. Aulaa Conce~ Faria de Araujo. OW Design The authors would like to thank all those at Macmillan inYOlved in the project. 26 (headef). Pathumwan . Alamyl Popperfoto pp 20 (maradona). Corbisl Charles Grupton pl25. Getty News and SpoIV Mario Tama pJOb. 58 (header). Alamy/ lmage Source pSa . 33. 124br.2.6 .llifu/ Words and Music by Linda Perry copyright pp 20 (shakifa). first published in IATEFL Issue No: 173 June-July 2003. reprinted by p8fmission 01 Music Sales Umited.mJ( _ . 86. 90 (header).com.. London . Wintef p87tr. Claudia Cruz Annenla. reprinted by permission of Internationat Music Publicat ions Ltd and EMI MusiC Publ ishing Ltd. 89 .macmillanenglish. CorbiS/ Don Masonp19a . 8OIr. chief flCientist 01 Greenpeace' both taklln from Fows Magazine september 2000. Corbis . Printed and bound in Thailand Thil boo!<. Rocio Tepichin.4 . lIb. "'-""" WEN N p11311.. reprinted by permission 01 the publisher. 70 (header).macmillan. 48c. Corbis! Observer dispatch p84br.R. p7A1amy/ John Fon p6c. Alamy/ Noah Levy p96t1.142b.Corbisi Reuters publis. t42c. EMI Mllsic Publishing Ltd . Joel Victor Hugo Gooz. CorbisITom Stewart p124a .caIs·honesty. 128. soc. 73. 42 . Mayerl Pierre August Renoir 1841. transm itted in any form. 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Lesson 4 : Don'f Lei The Sun Go Down On Me Words by Bernie Taupin afld Music by Elton John copyright C Big Pig Music'Warner Chappell Arlemis Music Limrted . 87bl. 121. 13. Oth6n Lll90 Cruz.Macmillan Companies and representatives throughout the world Teac:her'$ edition le~1 written by Mike Sayer O.. 48 (header). Bridgeman! Piarra Augusta Renoir 1841-1919 -. Alamyl Frantisek Staud pp 8711. Atamyl Robert Harding World Imagery p58. and encouragement.5 . USA. ALamyl Johnathan Kim p20 (jordan). 112 (header). 263. 97. 124bl. Mari Cnoz Rea. CorbisI RuffIIS F. San Anton io 170. or otherwise.IO . W6 8BS 1974. lonoon. Judy Chiachin Huang.com Magazinf1 No. 1919 pl3c.. D . -. C Kale Fuscoe. Lesson 4: Extract from "Web Issues' by Adrian Tennant copyright CI Adrian Tennant 2003. Kabat COllection pp 16a. 81 : Getty PI) 8 (headerJ.I34b. Jose Carbs Pana Alves.. 142a.-' 74 . hard wOrk.s Young-WOtt'f. ISBN-13 : 978-97(). The authors and the publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs . 38b. Sabine RaizlOf. Alamyl Stephen Voss p10Sa.1. recording. 59<1: Nintando p114bl . Stil l Pictures! Mark Edwards p107: Topfoto p5S<:. Atamy/ Archiv Berlin FOIoagoentur GMBH p108b. 22a. CorbisI Anne-Marie Webber p32 . pholocopying . Carbis! Lawrence Manning p6b. Photoclisk pp 16. Carbis! Jose Luis Pe laez pp 73.08. 5ga.J Garside. 52a. CorbisI Ted Harowitcz pl23 . 99. Getty News and Sport/ Hulton Archive p14 . Bangkok 10330.03. Unit 5: Lesson 3: Cry Me A RiverWords and Music by Justin Timberlake .2. Gelly! National ' .V. reprinted by permission of tha publisher. Ilg. Luke Prodromou 2006 Design and lIIusuation C . reprinted by permission 01 the author.3. Getty News and Sport! Keystone p90. Infograms pI14t1 . 55. Edwin Giebelen. The authors and publisherl> would like to thank all the leachers and students who contributed 10 the development of this course. reprinted by permission of Il1Iemationat Music Publications Lid. Alamyl Andre Jenny pIDl .. Atamy! Andy Myatt p119. CorbisI '-. Redfems Music Pictures p7la: Rubi)(/ Seven Towns Limited {rubix cube icon)pp12. W ireless Road. CorbisJ Ni ng Chiu p71f. CorbisI Mitchell Gerber p7le . reprinted by petrTlission of the publisher. Mirna Zuge.1. Barbar.. Orban pp 40.oom. SteYe Linnell.4 .35. 71c. CorbiS! Bettmann p13c. electronic. Getty News and Sport! Alfred Eisenstaedt pOO . Getty News and Sport! Pascal Rondeau p86.. 114br.. All RighI!! Resel'Ve(t Intemational Copyright Secured. PI36. Bergsaker Tore p84b1. 147 (old woman). p65. Alamyllmagll State pl OI . Press Association! Neil Leiffer p801 .. 62a . CorbisI Ed Kashi p2Q (allende).A. Getty ~ and CI Famovs Music Publishing Umited 2003.A . Unit 3: Lesson 2: I'll Be Thent fOT You Words and Music by Michael Skloff. USA 2002. 2006 First put>lished 2006 All rights reserved : no part of this pubHcation may be reproduced . Vackimes Serret.R. wjthoulthe prior written permission of the p118. Corb i&! Nancy Nay p1241. Science Photo LibrarylAdam Hart-Davis p 102. reprinted by permission of the publisher. 96It. Dictionary work: Extracts taken from the Macmillan English AdvancfJd Dictionary for L(lBmers of American English Cl Bloomsbury PlIblishing Pic 2002 . Union Toots p67a. 48b. 54. l1Jr.V.07. WC2H DOY. Comm issioned Photographs by: Dean Ryan PI> 38a. 122. de C . 118. 94a. first published in The Guardian 17.l. 129. deC. III. 147 (young woman). Phil Solem . 101 (header): Powerstockpp 90. 65. taken from www. Run Willms The Source Photography Cover design. Uni12: Lesson I : Beal.. Corbis! Roy Morsch pp 27. 38c. 45. Maria Cristina V. 114tr. 44 . COfbisI Jeff C .lisl1 p115. Unit II : Lesson 6 : Come Away Wilh Ma Words and Music by Norah Jones copyright Cl Muthajonas MUSic LLC. A~ Rights ResefV8d. We WOiJ ld particu larty like to thank the following people for their help in piloting materia~ and making suggestions: Mariel8 Cano Moreno. Jose Luis Martinez Prado. 108.OO. 139. reprinted by permission of the author and publishef. 15. 104. Digital VISion pl32: EmpicsI Sven Simon pl1 .. CorbisI Raben Van der Hilsl p50b. Alamyl U I<nIft p7ld . Sty1ianos N . lSa . WC2H DOY and Music Sales Limited. Israel Martinez Quiroz. Alamy/lmage 100 PI) 72. Arici Graziano p20 (matquez). reprinted by permission of Music Sales Limited.3. Every effort has been made 10 trace copyright holders.6 . Alamy! NiaM McDiarmid p49 (tights). 72 . Corbis! Roger Ressmeyes pI26a. Penguin Books pp 6Ob. but in some cases this has proved imposs. Corbis! Bob Krist p143 .Thailand 20 11 2010 2009 2008 2007 1098765432 . was printed in January 2007 by: Thai Watana Panich Press Ltd Wave Place Build ing.. USA and EMI Blackwood Music Inc. An Rights ReS8fVed. Jorge Antonio SIlonchez S!!onchez. Corbisl Craig Tt. 87. Aguiar. 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Bloomsbury pp 62b.3. CorbisI Walter Smith p73. CorbisI Ray Juno pl05.

Attitude engages students in a learni ng experience that is both meaningful and re levant to their current reality_ Develop w ith Attitude Attitude introduces a unique focus on the development of study and writing skills. learning tips. and approach learning with attitude! Attitude lets you be who you really are . Through a series of high -interest topics.Attit[!]de Build Positive Attitude Ensu ring that students have a positive attitude to learning is the key to thei r success. students will have the confidence to express t hemse lves. reflect who t hey are. challenges. and reflective activities. Communicate with Attitude With so lid learni ng foundations. and fol low-up tasks. empowering students to become effective learners through awareness-raising activities.in English! .

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