Mike Sayer

Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside luke Prodromou

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • ~CMILLAN

leacher"s Edition'
Mike Sayer
Kate Fuscoe Barbara Garside Luke Prodromou




Welcome to Attitude! Introduction Student's Book Contents Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Review 1 Unit4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Review 2 Unit 7 Unit 8 Unit 9 Review 3 Unit 10 Unit 11 Unit 12 Review 4 Songsheets Communication activities Workbook answer key Workbook audioscript

viii 6 16 26 36 38 48 58 68 70 80 90

100 102 112 122 132 134 146 T262 T266



Welcome to Attitude!
Dear Teacher.
Welcome to Attitude, the course that will help you transform your students from learners to successful users of English. The course follows our USER approach. where students ...


m E) m

Understand language use in context.

Strengthen communicative skills.

Explore the structures and use of the English language. Recycle and retain previously learned language.


Understand language use in context Students must encounter language in context to see how it is used. Every lesson in Attitude begins with exposure to the language in situations which allow the user to make a personal connection with the topic. In order to take a more active role, users are often invited to comment on or discuss an aspect of the theme before any formal explanations are introduced. Strengthen communicative skills Most students evaluate their language ability by how well they can speak. Speaking starts early in Attitude and is often integrated with the other skills to encourage communication. All skills in Attitude are practiced interactively: both the listening and the reading tasks encourage student s to actively construct meaning and respond appropriately. Writing is often a forgotten skill. but in Attitude it forms an integral part of each lesson, and is given a special place in Develop your writing sections which present and practice varying aspects of the writ ing process. In the fourth lesson of each unit, students have an additional opportunity to use newly learned language in the contelct of a real life task carried out with a group of classmates. Not only do students use English to negotiate the task with their fellow students. they also further extend their command of the language by comparing their process to that of a group of native speakers they hear performing the same task. Explore the structures and use of the English language In Attitude, grammar is presented and practiced in a straightforward yet meaningful way. Students are often presented with an inductive task in which they have to figure out how the structure works in English, discovering both use and form . They then have opportunities to practice that structure and the chance to connect the language with their own world. feelings and memories. The Develop your learning section introduces further learner training techniques to help students become better learners.

previously learned language D Recycle and isretain important in language learning, but quality repetition is vital. Attitude has three built-in, Repetition very unique ways of recycling the language within and between units to ensure recall: _lesson four in every unit has been written to reintroduce and re-contelctualize the language in the previous unit, taking into account the language accumulated up to that point in the book. The aim is to reinforce understanding of the language and how it is used, through real-world tasks. _ Language is also reintroduced by the Language Resource sections found at the end of each unit. These are more than just summaries of grammar and vocabulary, they promote an active, awareness-raising process of review. - The Review units are a user-friendly way of revising. They have a test-like quality but are also varied and fun to do.
As each lesson in Attitude progresses, the language needs of the learner evolve. They need more challenging contexts in which to stretch their English to the limits. So Attitude builds on the topiCS and activities of the lesson's initial stages, focusing increasingly on freer tasks where students have the opportunity to explore the language as it relates to their own experience.

Attitude gives students a unique opportunity to find their own voice and to be who they really a re - in English'

The Authors


We'd love to hear how Attitude is working for you. Please send a ny comments or experiences you'd like to share with us to attitude@macmi1lan .com.

What's in Attitude?
A ttitude for students
The six levels of Attitude take learners from starter

to advanced. Each Student's Book contains twelve
units, each of which focuses on different aspects of an overall theme over four lessons. Students are

presented with content that is interesting and thought provoking, and from which language ski ll
development exercises naturally flow. Key support

for reading texts and other activities is provided

through Glossaries and Notes. There are

A lesson from the Studenfs Book

comprehensive language Reviews and sections
developing writing and self-study skills.




Attitude Workbooks consolidate and practice the language presented in the Student's Books. The same activities are available in a choice of print format (with audio CD), or on an interactive CD-ROM. Grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, reading and listening activities relate to the topics in the Student's Book. language Practice activities consolidate the language learned in a particular unit. The Grammar Summary is a useful resource fo r when a Student's Book is not to hand.

Watch w ith Attitude
Attitude DVDs offer high-interest video clips, linked in theme and content to the Student's Book. The DVD itself contains pronunciation, speaking, and everyday English activities. In addition, DVD Activity Books offer a variety of activities to guide students through the DVD. Teaching with Attitude DVDs is easy - just press play on your remote control and let students practice and learn; it's rewarding - students understand real language and culture seen in contexts that immed iately come to life; and it's fun students get to watch lV to learn!


'" a Worksheet from the DVD Activity Book.

Attitude for teachers
Teachers working with Attitude can make use of the follo wing resources:

Attitude Teacher's Edition
An interleaved format combines the Student's Book content with all of the elements needed to make teaching with Attitude a success.

Attitude Class Audio CDs
Two CDs per level contain all the listening material associated with the Student's Book lessons. They include cover versions of the commercially available songs referred to in the text.

Attitude Resource Books
Over thirty activities from a variety of authors provide options for supplementing the Student's Book and Workbook, particularly in the areas of speaking and writing . Each activity is based on a photocopiable worksheet, and is accompanied by comprehensive instructions for its implementation.

Attitude Test CD ROM
The test CD ROM contains a wealth of testing resources to help you place students within the program and then monitor and grade their progress. Tests come in both ready to print and editable formats.

Welcome t o

._. _ .~. __ '''---..---_-....n ---_.--_ ...:'..._. ... __-. -... Spooll..---. .... '.- ........... ....."' _...... _..... . ~'-......-. ._-.... tllI' .....---..... .. ...... .--_ ._---"-"-.... .. ..... . _ .... '-... . "'--.."'-' ..._-~- .. Overprinted Answers Answers for many of the exercises appear overprinted on the Student's Book page..... ~.. --__---__--_._-.. --_...-_-.. .... -~. _ ...--.. _ . due to lack of space an audioscript may be located on an adjacent page.........-........... --..___ .... """ ........--"' -__-.. "".-::<i... ...... Occasionally.......... _.. .-'_..'" . ..... .-. to facilitate both planning and carrying out the lesson.... _..... making them easy to find.. Introduction ... --»-_.---_.... 01 ""' __ ......--_ _ _ _--_ .....-.-. . the audioscripts are printed at the bottom of the page where they are to be used. . __ . - po._ .-' __ _-_. .. -.<1 . -' ..... ""-():)O_ " " " ~":!... ...._. • r..._.. _.. ...-~-~--~- --..'- . ..... _ ......... ......... . _ ...... .. ..-~ C!J't....... ........_-_ . ...... Plan how you will introduce and monitor the exercises... oMl. . ._--_ --""- . 1 . _ . --.. ~<..... . _ 'bill'.. ._..._-. .... . ....__ " _ ..... ..__ _....~-~ p. .. --__-_ " .......... .. .. 1 ..-._.. ......_ ...-.... ..... ...---...... --~ .........- .... _ . .. l er. 4 .. . .....- ~ @.._ _ '''---'-'' ....--.....-__ .... --._.........._-.. ... _---_ _----__---_....--~-­ -~ -- :~......... .-....-_..-.--.. ...""...... _.._---. _ _ _ _ _ ._.. ... ........ t ..-......_..__--_...... • Add value to your classes with alternative presentations and additional activities... --._ ........1:10 !-' 0 ...-_.. ~ @ n__ oI VOII_ .._ .... . . .-" dod""....... ........Introduction The Attitude Teacher's Edition can help you to • • • Check the answers to an activity.. ~ .bo olH! -.·. ...".. ..__. In these cases you will find a note indicating where to refer to..... ... Check the aud ioscript for a listening activity.. ..... . ... .. ....... ....... "'. - .-. . .. ......-. .. __ .-....~ ..®.......... _ ... ..:.. ---~. . _ ..._--_ ... -----.. .-_""" '_""'00.. . ~....... ' _..... Audioscripts Wherever possible.-_.. _ .. .. The Student's Book page This is reproduced full size and in color Objectives The objectives for each lesson are cont ained in a chart at top of the page..... .__ _._--........ Gt_ _ ... -.. -' --_ '---'''-'-_ ... ' .._."._ . .... -. ...-_ ----... .. ....... -"'.....-...._--.. ...::-.........1oo> oM t '" "'- It ' '''_ .. .. _.... _")0-.._. .... ... "'-_.---. -_ .- ._ _---_ ----_ ------_ _....... . .... .... ..__.'----.

A lifeline when preparation time is limited! Workbook Answers and Audioscripts At the end of the Teacher's Edition you can find the answers for the Workbook exercises and the audioscripts for the listening passages in the Workbook. and provide information that is immediately relevant to the classroom situation. etc.to eat. Often these activities invite students to contribute their own ideas. Additional activity: activities that extend the exercises in the Student's Book are provided for you to use if time allows. If while planning your lesson you decide to do things differently. we have provided plenty of space in the margin for you to make your own notes. is/are sleeping. The icons you will find are as follows: Classroom organization Students work individually Students work in pairs Students work in small groups of between three and five students Students work together as a whole class t t ~. Icons Icons in the margin give information on suggested classroom organization and on the comparative timings of the exercises. Often your own classroom situation will determine which is the most effective way to approach an activity. Pronunciation not e : background to the pronunciation point and ideas for further practice exercises to help students in this area. The notes for an exercise are easy to find thanks to the color coded reference. Quick grammar guide: background regarding the grammar point and a list of typical student errors to watch out for.is/are eating. Presentati on alternative: frequently.ate. Procedural Notes Real classroom research underpins the choice of what to include in the procedural notes for a given activity. sleep. etc.---' This section shows how much time ___---' remains in the lesson. This section shows how much time will have been used up at the start of the exercise. .eat.Icons Explained Additional Notes Within shade boxes you will find a variety of information that will be invaluable when you have time available to plan your classes in depth. See Icons Explained for more details Note: The icons are intended as a guide to help you. simple present . simple past .. slept. present progressive . Often these activities can be carried out without having students refer to their Student's Books. This section shows how much time to dedicate to the exercise.II •• • Timing The timing icon provides three pieces of information at a glance. etc.. Attitude uses the following terminology to refer to verbs: infinit ive . to sleep. etc. The Teacher's Edition includes icons that suggest classroom organization and how much time to allot to each exercise. Topics covered include the following: Introduce the topic: ideas are provided for you to vary the way you introduce each lesson. sleep/sleeps.eat/eats. alternatives are provided for you to vary the presentation of the exercises in the Student's Book. Introduction . etc. infinitive with to .

. ~G = m ::.. used with present perfect Vocabulary summary Unit 4 Longuoge Resource lesson 1 Inventions 48 Third conditIOnal Everyday oqocts Descrorg lox! 50 i' 52 ""'" Stn= 00 """"""" "'" """'" Unit 5 Language Resource Lesson 1 Foc1 or fdian? 56 58 Grammar summary. 64 Rec)de: past J)€rlect sfTl)e c:nd p-oges:sfIIe.:.de: presslI perlecl.. Lesson 4 Urban myths ~I ' U"' ~·~~~~~ esotnC .~Voc ~b~ summary .-_...~ . tIYd conciticnaI .!:.. Vocabulary summary ~ Oe<>.:..!::::::~..coon LiteratlK9 Cootmo""'" context lesson 3 Fad 10 fonlosy 62 Review: the passive Avoiding repetition -:..:.!~~ ~:::~M ~' ulary .44 Rec..

. DesIgrrog and presenUlg a ..Skills Development Reading Amagazine artide An informal e-mail ~ Writing Ustening Speaking Develop your learning/Writing A"...... - '-- Coo1pM"lg a wntten and spokeJl text ~ A_ -"'" """"" a quiz A """""'" A""""".... MakI'lQ' associations with ""'" "'*'- ~ and COIlIf'aStng Usng a dctionary AITWi autobiography Interviews A conversation Writing questions fa( A quiz ---"" rnormatlOO Discussing personal regrets Discu:ssng use of ceIphones '-- Short biography extracts - '- InslructOOs i Infonnal e-mails An int€. Develop your leaming AIoct"" A tou"gUde -""'Exctmgng rnormaticrl obout """" Mnd".....'fVie'w An Internet artiCle A discussion '- AIoct"" A"""" _.....'''"..

Vocabulary summary Ncul clauses (1) (uSi:lg wtJ-question words) lesson 1 The great picture Trnck <Yld field . the pa$SIYe vocal.lace Pronunciation Body language UtSSOfl 2 Body lolk lesson 3 Dishonesty lesson 4 Interview Visuol... Vocabulary summary Songsheets Corrv'nurlcatkln acllvrties [). 86 92 94 Recycle: linkers expressing contrast and -Ing verbs Grammar Vocabulary summary Non-de!ifvng relatrve clauses Your mage and healtl1 l esson 2 1. lag .Language Development Vocabulary . verbal Unit 7 language Resource 78 80 Grammar summary.".how Unit 8 language Resource lesson 1 Beauty Of health? .ctol and possbity n \he past.ctiooary work 134 146 152 158 .hkefs expressng contrast ~ deso Oil IQ persalaity Intonation of feE*'lg 74 76 The --#Ig verb Recyde: ded. Vocabulary sunmary Lesson 1 ~O 102 104 AEMew and extension: The world around us Lesson 3 GM 106 lood Unit 12 Language Resou rce 130 Grammar summary... 72 L.0. WId reialrvs clauses Unit 9 Language Resource ""'" "'""" 98 Grammar summary.

O.--~~--~-----.~~~~---A radio presenter's notes A presentation Develop your writing A short report Discussing beauty and how it is maintained artiCle Anewspaper artiele A radio discussion 1 "'" ''''' of inproving All informal discussion Ar. face Inlervie'l-v with an expert Making inferences about _oct~ - A questionnaire A short stOl'j Job ads.~~~~--~~----~------~~~~--~---./s and interviewe!s ' notes Discussing a moral dilemma A role play An interview panel ~ Assessing candIdates Making a presentation AAI M I Using a monolingual dictionary Extracts from a sports according to Ranking photographs criteria from a martial arts A radiO phone-in M informaJ convetSation A role play --.atyzing learning styles A magazif)El article A FAO page Extracts from a science book A FADs 011 a website A college seminar '- ATV A radiO interview of cordl. Working IoVilh An __ Develop your learning exam leallet An informal talk A{jreeing and disagreeing """"'""" >Nith statements Discussing further educatioo i A quiz website ad Anewspaper article The writing part of an .d.Skills Development Reading A psycfloIogy article ~ Writing A detailed description Ustening Speaking Describing people's faces Develop your learning/writing of.

. women found it very difficult to get published. Look at some names of your new clients... is common in my country. historical. . The reason? "When I use a different name. Ram6n Estevez adopted the name Martin Sheen . Find the names that these peop le use. exch ange information about your names. However. Would you advise them to keep their names or change them? Why? I Why not? William Bradley Louise Ciccone Ram6n Estevez Mary Ann Evans Neftali Reyes Robert Zimmerman Brad Pitt Madonna Martin Sheen George Eliot Pablo Neruda Bob Dylan . The person's real name is just too long and difficult to remember. some people do take this course of action- wrote under 75 different names." he explained... has a diminutive... At other times the reason may appear eccentric.. And short names are much easier to remember: William Bradley became Brad Pitt and Edson Arantes do Nascimento became Pele.g. is easy to spell. Or maybe the artist's real name doesn't '-. is traditional. Dylan '"-" Thomas. the reason is for social. Here are some of the most common . .. So in the film world. or cultural reasons. Bob. if a name sounds too "foreign"... .. Neftalf Reyes. . Let's be honest. b Read the article below. so the English author Mary Ann Evans became George Eliot. . is easy to pronounce.. Sometimes names are changed for marketing purposes. To avoid this situation they sometimes gave themselves men's names. For example. his admiration for the Welsh poet. take the case of the Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa. Robert Zimmerman changed his name to Bob Dylan because 0". My first name . My last name . political. b In groups.. has a meaning.sound very attractive . . so he changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man . however. 2 Reading skill s .. it may be changed '-. a Imagine you are an agent for unknown actors and singers. Another reason may be practicality: in the past.Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton Artists sometimes choose the name of someone they admire. .. is fashionable. and she did get her books publ ished! GLOSSARY pseudonym an invented name that an arti~t uses publicly instead of their real name particularly artists! What makes an artist want to change their name? Sometimes it's for purely personal reasons. . most people never By Alex McCarthy change their names even if they feel unhappy about them.to something that is more recognizable in a market.. Madonna Louise Ciccone is not as easy to remember as just plain "Madonna" .. Why People Use Pseudonyms You can't choose the name you are given at birth. . I always write in a different way. .1 Speaking skill s a Pu t a chock nexl to the wo rds that describe your firs t name or your last name.. sounds nice. e. Liz. but in many countries you can change it legally when you reach adulthood. Of course. In most cases. such as the Nobel Prize winning poet from Chile.. who Unit 1 You and me . . He didn't want his father to know he was writing poetry....

Elizabeth hos many diminutives. not worrying about words they don't know. Beth. Read aloud the task in Exercise 2b. Ask whether anybody knows by what name any of these people are better known. Then put students in groups of three or four to do Exercise tb. Lizzie. simple past Speaking exchanging information about names Write your nome on the board and tel! students something about it This provides a good model to help students do Exercise lb_ For example. not really. Set a time limit for the reading (four minutes) to make sure that students read quickly. I really like my name. It's difficult to spell and pronounce. They could either take turns to summarize information. or they could ask and answer questions. [s your first name fashionable? No.Objectives Grammar Topic: names Pronunciation sentence stress Reading a magazine article simple present. My first nome's a traditional nome and pretty common but not vef}' popular. Tell students that these are the real names of well-known stars. You ond me T6 Unit 1 . My name is Elizabeth Mon tgomery. Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to check the words that describe their names in Exercise la. My name is quite common but not very fashionable. Allow a few minutes. liz. 2 Reading skills Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a in pairs. Model what you want the students to say. and then get brief feedback from the class. Encourage students to focus on finding the names.

ask students to match the sentences with the definitions. are not stressed. However.. 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress Quickpronunciation guide English is a stress-timed language. 5 Speaking skills Ask students 10 discuss the topics in small groups and tllCn report their findings 10 the class. Tell students to try saying the sentences to each other in an exaggerated "English" way to help them work out which words might be stressed. and connecting words... I R6 like il. students at this level regularly make errors with certain forms that they need to be reminded of. Do this in groups or as a whole class. Speakers of some languages tend not to give the strong syllables enough emphasis and give too much stress to weak syllables. Ask students in their groups to decide what they think would be the perfect pseudonym for peaple who wont 1 do the following iobs. Words that don't carry the main meaning of the sentence.l'e you Ihal nickname? English uses auxiliary verbs for emphasis. review. She like . An swers: Verbs and nouns are stressed. F ask students irst. to underline all/he verbs in sentences 1to 6. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past Have students match the sentences with the definitions in Exercise 3a. of course.-hich verbs are in the simple post. This moy be a new area for students to grasp.Ask slurlents to do Exercise le. Quick grammar guide: The use and form of the simple present and simple post are.. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. . Ask students to work in pairs to mark the stresses in the conversation in Exercise 4c .. I mode that sound when I played with my corso A Do you like the nome? Unit] T7 You ond me . Then ask them to decide which verbs ore in the simple present and . and it is an area in which it is easy to make errors in form. II is important to get students to exaggerate the stress when practicing pronunciation. simple present.. simple past Common prob4ems ond errors Students often forgelthe third person form. break it down inlo simpler stages. Addrtional activity Ask students 10 listen and check their answers. Ask them to work individually and then compare their answers with a partner.. If you feel thai siudenls may find this matching losk difficult. Ask students to complete Exercise 3b individually. You could osk them 10 think of a nome in English or their own language. Stressed syllables are given much greater weight than weak syllables. She ~ have. Final~. After students have listened to and noticed the stressed words in the sentences in Exercise 4a . Then have thorn check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. t ·· a Presentation alternative Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d . Students may forget to use do/n'll/doesln'l} and did!n'l! when forming questions and negatives.. 14IR}' 1R~' fJ. Go around the class and help stu dents. Some students may still be translating word for word from their own language. like articles. ask them if they can tell you the answer to the questions in Exercise 4b . She does likes . 0 Q pop slor Q movies/or a politician a foolball player Q leacher \'-----~ \~'-------~ Do you like the name? What does your fomily call you? A So what does your fomily call you? B They call me "Buzz: A "Buzz?" Why do they call you -Buzz"? B Because when I was a kid.•. Play the audio for Exercise 4d a second time so that students can listen and repeat. auxiliary verbs.

. I 7 like (like) it. but when I was a child I always 4 said (say) Buzz.~ Do you like the name? \1' mencan . repeated action a fact that is always true a present feeling or desire a continuous situation or a repeated action that is now finish ed f a present fact that the speaker wants to emphasize b Complete the conversation with the simple present or simple past. you think? Ma donna. A Weird! And when did they give you your nickname? B When I 5 w as (be) about four.!l!!. (There may be more than a Listen. c 4 He changed his name to Pablo Neruda when he was a young man. 2 It's much easier for people to remember. A So what does your family call you? B They call me " Buzz". 5 Speaking skills a In groups. I made the change because of my father. talk about the following: 1 your first name and how you got it.. 2 your nickname and how you got it. __ L _ 51 . A Do you lit e the n: me? • • • • d Listen and check your answers. (say) Brooomm.aYU'~ nee. but I wouldn't want my friends to call me "Buzz"! . what? 2 Which names in the article do you like the most? Why? 3 Would you ever change your name? Why? I Why not? o What does your fami ly call you? b Which kind of words are stressed.. you like (like) the name? B Hmm. 1 Oid anything in the article surprise you? If so.g. don'. Pablo Neruda 5 I always admired him so that's why I adopted his name. " . {fI. George Eliot 4 Basically.. 3 Grammar review and extension : simple present and simple past a Match the sentences with the correct definition. A "Bt!zz"? Why do they c: ll you "B ~zz"? B Becat se when I was a k!d I made that sound when I played with my c: rs. b 2 Chad Everett does sound a lot better than Raymond Cramton.. Pele •• 3 The change means I can get my work published. when children play with cars they nonnally 3 .. 1 Well.. nouns.. but my family calls me "Buzz". d a b c d c a single action that is now finished a regular.. Brad Pitt.". So they called me "Buzz". Then repeat.) are stressed more than others. A And 6 --. b Tell the class about anything interesting you discovered.. c (j I feel unhappy about my name.BY. 1 Artists often change their name. I changed it to make it sound more •• "A . articles? Why? c Mark the stressed words in this conversation. e. A So what do your frien ds and family call you? B My friends here at college always 1 ~ (call) me Richard.c Who said these things? Read the article again and 4 Pronunciation: sentence stress write the pseudonyms. women found it very difficult to get published. verbs. A "Buzz"? Why 2 did they ~ (give) you that nickname? 8 Well. r 3 The Earth moves around the sun once every 365 days. Bob Dylan d DisCllss these questio ns. Notice how some words in the sentence one possible name. a 5 In the past.

Ch" "g r'" C' ..¥I9' C}v~ or is it (in one sentence)? Listen to a couple talking..hearted. She can talk for hours and that drives me crazy! c Which adjectives would you most like to be and which would you most hate to be? I'd love to be organized.. is there any truth in graphology? irritating lonely organized proud realistic relaxed romantic serious shy Positive attractive V organized cooperative V realistic friendly ... \Vel/. n . active attractive boring cold conservative cooperative friendly generous independent 3 Speaking skills a Complete the table on the opposite page for yourself by checking the "Me" column. 2 Jane finds graphology nterestm boring.. generally speaking. for leiters such as a. I'm kind of relaxed because I think !Jfe is too short to worry. discuss the results. No !I'oy! flll/lJore light.. btll . but I'm not! I waste a lot of time..· Lesson 2 Signatures 2 Listening skill s a Write one of your answers from Exercise 1c onto a piece of paper and add your signatlUe.. .. "--' you tend to be serious. baseball and Jane feels 6 Rob watches a lot okay about it I rritated by I . e Choose the best answer. Put a check by the adjectives in Exercise 1a that describe Jane. 5 The analysis of Jane's handwriting suggests her personality is €§>! difficult. c. <lliE!Jj) 3 Rob treats Jane's comments seriously 1 4 Rob wants to ~I talk to fan e.1: in "' . 1 The average handwriting is 3mm in height. Is yours large. 5mall or average ? 2 Does your handwriting the left? slope to the right or 3 Are your letters ~ or 4 Do your leiters have separate ? ? b !t)(yJ~'~ 5 Does your hJ"1'\! always the sa me Lt"' <.. My cousin Mary is very irritating.. c In pairs. neutral. relaxed t/ Neutral Negative active proud serious boring cold ttl' conservative irritating lonely USEFUL lANGUAGE Are you a shy person? generous V" independent romantic shy b Use the adjectives to describe yourself or someone you know.. How do yo u think they are feeling? Listen again... b Now compare your handwriting with other students. Complete the "Partner" column. b Look at your partner's handwriting sample from Exercise 2a. I'd hate to be shy because it makes communication very difficult. Are the descriptions correct for you and your partner? d In your opinion. 1 Rob is reading 1< a . According 10 the /{Jble . yes. Unill You and me . or negative meaning? Write them in the correct column... 1 Vocabulary : adjecti ves describing perso na lity a Do you think the adjectives in the box have a positive.

\1' 3 Speaking ski lls Have st udents do Exercises 3a and3b individually. Put stude nts in pairs to share their ideas. and then ask students to answer the gist question. Thol means yau're a great person. and . Put students in pairs or small grou ps to compare their handwriting and disc uss tho ques tions in Exercise 2b.. For example. honey. you dor'lll You watch baseball f?'Iery cloy' Rob Jane! You and me T8 Unitl . oren" '/OO? But I want 'A watch this game. Jane You're always watching it! Rob Oh. my \. June is feeling annoyed and upse! Uocauso Rob isn't lis ten ing to he r. Rob Yes. How do I feel? (proudl Give s tudents a few minutes to think of things to say for the task in Exercise lb. Jane And you know I've got kind of large hondwriling . The n ask students to do Exercise 2d . er .' Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing personality Reading on informal e·moil present progressive Ustening a conversotion Speaking analyzing and discussing hondwriting Before the lesson. Go a rou nd the class . Use (] photocopier 10 enlarge the signature. Words thot may need checking ore: boring. Rob Gropho·whot? Jane Graphology. and then as k a few s tudents to lellthe class whal Ihey wro te. Too serious. so students should be able to guess their meaning. ask s tudonts to write the sentence and their signature on Il separate picce of paper. don't exaggerate! I only watch ~ once a week. So whot does thot mean? Jane Hey. Play tho audio again. modest? Jane And my hondwriting is connected. ask: Checking meaning Whot is the OPPOSite of boring? Which word is the opposite of outgoing and sociable? (shyl Which word means that you feel alone and friendless? (Ionelyl My class got the best grodes in the exom. What else? Jane Well. right.. Thon give students the correct answers by read ing tho words aloud clearly. Rob Friendly..mich means rm relaxed and cooperotive. showing the prolluncialion and stress. you're doing very well. know to write their signature 00 (] piece 01 paper. Ask students to mark \ho strong stress in cach word. Jane If means rm serious ond generous.'e can Iell a 101 about a person from a signature? IMlaI sex is this person? What can you say about hislhet personality? InfTOducethetopic 1 Vocabulary: adjec li ves describing personality For Exercise la . Ans we rs: Rob is feeling mUlO yed becaus e he wants to wat ch the game .'-.lIId help studenls with ideas. lonely. trs finishing now. Jane You're olways watching baseball when I right? Jane Rob! Well. Rob Okay. not in their notebooks. Ask s tu den ts to do Exercise 2e individually and then check with a partner. shy.. kind of like this. Rob Well. draw attention to the Usefu l Language box. and tope it 10 the board to start the doss. Rob Well. but encourage them to think of more. You know. Ask them to write at least two sentences. Play the audio again if s tuden ts are not sure abou t some of tho answers.. I knew thol anyway.. Use questions in English to check students' understanding of these words. I know. attractive. look. Really interesting. Rob Oh. Most of these words ore cognates.YI"iling slopes to the right. look ot this. 3'--------------------------------------------------------. They will need to pass their handwriting sample to other students in the class. Then as k a few s tudents to te ll the class what their partner told thom. Ask students Do you think v. somebody students don'. oncourage students to make guesses beforo using a diclionary to chock answers they are not sure of. actually il means I'm friendly and attractive. Rob. . want to talk! Rob I only watch baseball on<e 0 week. Play the aud io for Exercise 2c . Jane No. 2 Listening skills For ExeN:ise 2a .. Rob rm watching the game! Jone rm just doing this quiz obout graphology.ho is unin teres ted in what Jane is say ing. proud. hondwrifing and personolity. Ask students to work in pa irs to share ideas for ExeN:ise le . Before doing Exercise 3e. ask..

I ¥isiI my friends next Solurday.4 Grammar rev iew and extension : present progressive Ask students to do Exercise 4a individually. own. ore useful groupings of slalive verbs. go through the rules in the Language Note." She's seeing Dave Jenkins next Saturday. hole. I like French fries (always). She feels tired because she's working so hard. progressive Common problems and etTOrs Students translate directly from their first language and use the simple present to refer to the future. ti 5 Reading skills Set the scene for Exe rcise 5a by asking students to look at the e·mail and by asking a few simple questions: Who is writing? Who is she writing to? What subject is she writing about? Ask students to check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class. She is 100 busy to write at other times. have is a stative verb. She feels irritated with Jenny because she is "a pain . believe. Here. we use present progressive to describe something happening now. so. I am Argentinian (always!. Hero. repeated action A futuro arrangement 2 3 Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 5b in pairs. verbs of emotion llike. Basically. Verbs of the mind (think" know. belong. 2 3 4 They are friends. As students report their answers to the class. Ask students if they can think of any other stative verbs (for example. it is a temporary situation. 4 An irritat ing habit 5 617 A regular. stative verbs tend to express permanency. I have blue eyes lalways!. Then check the answers in pairs before going through them with the whole class. Answers: 1 • Answers: 1 Here. and verbs of possession Ihave. Students have a problem recognizing and remembering when a verb is active or stative. love. After checking the answers. wish). make sure they understand that a pain is a very annoying persoll. hear. Know is a stalive verb. won~. ask them why they chose each tense. believe!. Unit 1 T9 You and me . Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 4b in pairs. Quick grammar guide: present The use of the present progressive in English to refer 10 future arrangements may confuse students. Before students do Exercise 5c. Hold a feedback session with the whole class for Exercise 5d .

i'im:~~ e c Tell your partner about someone you know who is "a pain". d This describes an irritating habit thai someone has. Correct the wrong ones. 2 The rate of inflation is rising quickly now. delicious. I belong to a tennis club . " ( writ!"!? '- 4 Grammar review and extension: present progressive a Match these examples of the present progressive with their meanings. b This describes a temporary situation or activity. Answer the questions. relaxed strong. a do the (l:!!!. ::=wa y. life isn't all bad. active. disciplined independent cooperative. 3 You're always watching baseball! --_~/'\/ c This describes a definite arrangement that will 4 I'm staying with a friend until I find happen in the future. He's always interrupting the teacher. b Read the e-mail again. 1 I can 'I go for a walk right now because a This describes a situation thai is developing or I'm studying for an exam. Remem ber Dave Jen kins? 8 I see / Love. generous modes!. I'm liking Ihis wine. delicious. seein])him next Saturday night ! Write soon. 2 Are you knowing that strange man across the street? X Do you know 3 I see what you mean./ ". I think 4 you're knowing you know her. likes money M. . conservative warm. It's only or a ew weeks but it's horrible. S I'm seeing my parenls n ext weekend . b There are some mistakes in the senlences below. creative realistic. she always complains I'm making the bur fries. Jenny Carpenter? She' now t. Partner large handwriting small handwriting slopes to the right slopes to the left upright connected regular. changes large 3 4 "'"" ~ upright ~ 5 6 7 re9ular ir re filar 8 •• big loops ~ .t's1>he only time I have to do an so busy! I have V I'm having a new job 'm workin I work at Faa 0 Go. Jane You and me Unit] . irritable romantic. I work like a slave ! There's this girl I work with. LANGUAGE NOTE Stative verbs are not normally used in the progressive form because the speaker is describing "states" and not "actions". but in fact he's always complainin e s suppose I make rench he never doe / she's never doing anything . . a good friend relaxed. Choose the correct tense. d Share your stories with the cJflSS. It's midn ight and I'm tired but 1 I write I'm writing a you 'nee I'm now beca~. Put a check next to the correct sentences. X I'm tired.. the same irregular. There's a guy in my closs wha thinks he knows everything. I want 1 Mmm . e This describes an action happening now.~h~J. I like this wine.Characteristic 1 2 Example Meaning serious. apartment./ X Mmm. creative. liberal. changing. V' 4 I'm having two brothers and a sister. a fast food place. 1 What is the relationsh ip between Maureen and Jane? 2 Why is Jane writing so late al night? 3 How does Jane feel? Why? 4 What is Jane's good news'? Hi Maureen. X I have 5 She's very rich ! She owns three houses and two apartments! V' 6 I'm being tired and am wanting to go on vacation.). X 5 Reading skills a Read jane's e-mail to Maureen. proud. 10 small loops ( / rI~. I'm belonging to a tennis club.. friendly shy.

white.. blue. rose.:. aggressive) 6 gray (respectable. Why? I think that blue is a calm calor. It's a good color fo r bedrooms. say Black coffee. 1 blue (radical. ~ please. you caP _ ea- 2 Speaking skills a We often associate words.blue eyes can be cold.. cold) 2 brown (warm. especially adjectives. negative) 8 white (pure. groon. dark. blond. yellow b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 14. fun) 7 black (unhappy. say Coffee.brown. In British English. dull) 5 red (loving. I agree that blue is cold .eo- - 1 Vocabulary: colors a What color terms do you associate with tho items in the box? Make combinations with these words. say white coffee. fri endly) 3 yellow (qujet. please (or Coffee with cream). Do you agree or disagree with the descriptions of the colors below? Give reasons. gray.:mill. yellow LANGUAGE NOTE - eggs wine coffee meat bread eyes hair people (skin color) eggs . death-like) b Think of other adjectives that you associate with these colors. If you wanl coffee witho~ milk. U you want coffoo with . white. bappy) 4 green (polluting. brown. hazel. light. e- Unit 1 You and me . red. with colors. black.

Now. slightly green color. Can you guess the two colors I wos talking about? You and me T 10 Unill . irs the color of evil. I'm going 1 talk oboul two different colors. we all shore the some associations. Noto: hazel is a light brown. We also associate the color with high temperatures! It's also the color of love and revolution. In such situations.----.-.. In most cultures. lers start. •• Mako sure students find the corroct section of the Vocabulary Summary on page 14 for Exercise lb. II is no accident that "The God of War"" is named Mars. I wont 10 ploy a lillie game with you.. and that we often refer to the planet Mars with this color. only darkness. In most Western cultures. this is probably the strongest color of all .. we use it to talk about unhappy feelings and unhappy situations. I will look at how color is interpreted In different ways by different cultures.. Welcome to the first lecture on ·CoIors and Culture: We're going to explore the ossocia1ions thot colors have in our culture today. "'--- . t just wont to say that color is not on internolioool concept. can be very.Objectives Vocabulary colors and color collocations Topic: colors Writing a paragraph Ustening a lecture Speaking making associations with colors Ask a few personalized questions 1 sellhe topic for the lesson: Whars your favorite color? Why? Are there 0 Introduce the topic any colors you don't/ike? What colors do you generally wear? What color is your bedroom? 1 Vocabulary: colors Direct students' attention to lho Language Note before asking them to do Exercise 1 a in pairs. the association .. Irs no accident that many fast food restaurants are often painted in Ihis color. the idea is tha t you eat fa st and go. Irs also the color 01 wor. Why? Well. Brie ny elicit answers from the class. It's the color of death.-- - . and irs no surpl"ise that at a funeral most people wear this color. this color rePfesents alilhot is dork and negotive in our world.the king of colors! We associate it with strong emotians such as anger and passion. Irs the color 01 fire and it gives heal. this color means sadness. Okay. you see. Okay. we'liloak at the role of colors in our life. Then ask stu dents to work in pairs to do the tasks in Exercises 28 and 2b . whal do I mean when I soy that color is not an international concept? The color red is the some for a person from Thailand and a person from Venezuela. we associate this calor with powerful emotions like anger. In the first part of this lalk.. no! all cultures see colors in the some way. such as dealh and wor? So. Now bock to my lillie experiment. For Exercise 3 on page 11 :::. Bul as you will see taler in this talk. butI'm not 0 going to menlioo the names ollhe colors! See if you can guesS !he IWo colors I'm lalking about. 2 Speaking skills Discuss the first color (blue) as a class to get students started. Bul before t begin. as I said before. and it gives us energy. And within one culture. tel's begin with color number one. As on experiment. And what do you calithatlype of humor that laughs at terrible things in life. we feel there is no light. Now for the second color. very different In the second port of this lecture. Colors affect our lives and our feelings in many wafS. But what Ihat color means . In our cuUure.

let them listen again.. a lot of the hooses are pointed in while and blue.like. islonds. In Greece. and they ore stunningly beautiful. for the Japanese. You cou ld guess from the colors' associations. Students cou ld compare their notes with lhose of a partner before doing Exercise 4c. helping students with ideas and vocabulary. -oltemattve The oudioscript for Track 4 is on page no II. For Exercise l e. however.. of lhe blue Mediterranean $eo and the bright blue skies. 3 Listening skills Encourage lots of speculation in Exercise 3a as students try to predict the content of the lecture from the litle. o T 4 Writing skills Before doing Exercise 4a .. The texts can then be returned to their writers. On lhe Greek. go around the class. Okay.-.think. Lers toke another example: blue in the United States is associated with sadness . In the States. So in most cultures in the U.. but this is nattradilional. Encourage them to practice using English to talk about their own culture. But be<. lers turn to the ideo that different cultures interpret colors in different ways. you may need to play the audio twice before students get all the answers..-----. \'. Answers: The speaker talks about red and black. Let students check in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. so.which originated from the sadness of the slaves in the southern Stotes. let me give you on example -the color white. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. blue is associated with peace and tranquility. for example. . You con understand this . collect them and correct them.S" you'll see peaple dressed in block at funerals.we talk about feeling blue when we feel sod or depressed. After students hove wrinen their texts.. and we even hove a type of music coiled "the blues" . Once you have discussed the answers with the class.. but in contrast in Japan you con see people wearing white. irs a happy color. As students take notes in Exercise 4b. Start rhe next lesson by handing OUIthe texts at random and asking students to read and guess rhe writer. in some cultures. Allow students to hear the audio only once to answer the gist question in Exercise 3b. but when you go to Japan you realize Ihat white hos completely different associations .'--.tIite usually means something pure and cleon. While is now also becoming common 01 weddings. check students understand thai fiery refors to colors associated with fire and that JlOvy blue is a dark blue color traditionally used in sailors' uniforms.. And that purity is symbolized in a bride when she wears white in a "white wedding: We might also soy thot her cheroder is -whiter than white" or "as white as snow: Now thors in the United States. Unill T 11 You and me .ouse life and death are connected. white also has associations with being born again . blue hos a complele1y different meaning. For Exercise 4d distribute the paragraphs randomly so that each student has a piece of writing that be longs to another student . it is associated with rebirth. A 'white wedding' is on interesting example of how one culture will be inftuenced by another culture and "barrow" or adopt a new custom. white represents deoth..

Read out th e paper your teacher gives to you. 9 wfui:e -wed. Would you be attracted to this person? Why? I Why not? b Make notes on these questions. don't you like and wh y? 4 Do the colors of your clothes represent your personality? Why? / Why n ot? c Use your notes to write a short paragraph like the one in Exercise 4a. What do you thi nk the speaker will talk about? b Listen to Part 1 of the lecture. 2 Ilu!an 3 U·S. tranquill ity. Listen and complete them. d Give your paper to the teacher. if any. 1 How imp ortant is the color of clothes to you? 2 What colors do you tend to wear and why? 3 What colors in clothes. Wh ich two colors does the speaker talk about? How did you guess? Look at th e notes a studen t made on Part 2 of "Colors and Culture".S. 1 What do blue and white mean in your country? 2 What do you personally associate with these colors? 3 Do you have any expressions in you r langu age related to these colors'? What are they? Can you think of expressions related to other colors? 4 What other colors have sp ecial mean ings in your country? Are there expressions related to these colors? '- 4 Writing skills a Read this short text. 4 G>eec£ 5 PIICb': 6 deat h 7 sadness 8 peace. happiness /mdes.3 Listening skills o a You are going to listen to part of a lecture on "Colors and Culture".l[ 12 dep ressed the flues called hOllses painted blue & w hite 14 "--- d Discuss these ques tions. \1' c r--1 'Wbit~ U. Can the other students guess who the writer is? Youond me Unit l .dings whiter than white 11 funera ls feelin~ blue = sa or 13 m USiC 10 I<ha [ a!O!!.

. A water color It's a picture of two She's wearing . write a short description comparing and contrasting the two paintings. Types of painting b Discuss these ques tions. . I like it because of Lhe . ~ b Read the sentences below and complete them with some of the words from the box. She's wearing .. Use tbese categories: The people and the place The activities The feelings. An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painting (by . quickly find as many differences as you can between the two paintings above and write them down.... I think irs Gennan . 1 Do you have a favorite artist? Who is it? What type of work does/did the person do? 2 Do you have a favorite painting? Talk about it. 1 Renoir painted portraits and landscapes 2 The two paintings show dancers in the city and in the country . . put the words and phrases into the appropriate category in the tahle. I like it because of the In the foreground/backgroun d you can see. 1 [ think it's German. An abstract work A self· portrait (of . . Listen to the other pairs and note down any differences that you didn't find.. II shows . Then listen to the tour guide again and check your answers. o 5 Compare 3 Prepare In pairs. A water color An oil painting An 18th century landscape An Impressionist painling (by .) 2 Task In groups....1 Warm up a In pairs... ... 3 Both paintings have a similar theme 4 Red is the color of love and passion Unitl You and me . How many of your points does the speaker mention? Make a note of the points you missed.. J It shows . Phrases describing paintings U's a picture oflwo . the city the country fashion landscapes passion portraits scheme seascapes theme the lown 4 Feedback Report the differences you found to the class.. the colors. and the clothes a Listen to a tour guide talking to visitors in an art gallery. ) An abstract work A self-portrait (of.. In the foregroundlllacksround you can see ...

Model answer: The people and the place I the activities Both paintings show a man and woman dancing. 2 Task Get students started by eliciting two or three differences from the class and writing them on the board. as students write their descriptions. the colors. and the clothes The woman in the first painting seems happy. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 5a. Then put students in small groups to extend the lists. The oudioscript for Track 6 is on page Tl3 '!II You and me T 12 Unitl . The woman in the second painting is wearing a beautiful dress and white gloves . Ask students to listen and note the points the speaker mentions. you can see plants in the background.she's holding a fan. Put them on the classroom walls at the start of the lesson. The feelings.Objectives Grammar Topic: art Reading comparing a written and spoken text Writing Ustening a tour guide simple present. the man is wearing a black suit and the woman is wearing a light dress. The man looks passionate and in love with the woman. check that they have understood portrait (a painting of a person). and decide on their favorite. ask. 3 Prepare Go around the class. helping with vocabulary and language use. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exer cise s b before playing the audjo again so that they can check their answers. In both paintings. In the first painting. self-portrait (a painting of the artist by the artist). cui from magazines. simple post. Give a short time limit. look 01 the paintings. they are outside. 4 Feedback Ask a few pairs to stand up and tell the class what differences they found. Encourage the rest of the class to take brief notes as they listen .she is probably richer and more sophisticated than the woman in the first picture. Once students are seated. the woman is wearing a red hat and gloves . Ask students to walk around the class. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise I b as a brief open class activity. Let students compare their notes in pairs before discussing as a class. When students report back to the class.perhaps a ballroom. In the first painting. and landscape (a painting of a scene in the country). a few to tell the class which painting they liked and why. whereas in the second painting they are in a very grand building . present progressive a comparative description Speaking comparing and contrasting paintings Bring in pictures of famous paintings. say four minutes. Introducelhe Iopk 1 Warm up Ask students to do Exercise 1a in pairs. The woman in the second painting seems cold and uninterested. In both paintings.

Culture note The pointing in lhe righl-hond margin of Ihis page is Picadilly Orcus by laurence Stephen lowry (1887-19761.this one. but how do we know she's in love? Guide How do we know she's in love? Well.. but... and she's wearing a long dress with a pattern of red flowers. uh ... we can'! really see fhe man's foce at 011. uh . in Donce in the City.. now here we see IWO of Renoir's besl·known paintings: the first one Is called Donee in the Counlry. II could be a famous painting or a completety imaginary one. now. Tourist 2 Sorry. particularly Renoir's use of red. Tell each group lho! they are in the middle of on art gallery. Now. you could refer to them again for Exercise 7a. Tell students 10 think carefully about how Ihey are going to describe the painting to other people. Co around lhe class and help. we notice is lhe mon in the first pidure. Notice that in bo!h pictures we hove a young couple dancing.. Unill T1 3 Yovondme .. •• 7 Follow up If you brought in painti ngs to start the lesson. encourage students ilOilO look al their written descriptions as Ihey speak. Iheme: young couples dancing. kind of .. As you know. Ask students to open Their eyes and toke turns describing lheir painting. surrounded by painlings... os mony of you will know. .. To make the presentations in Exercise 7b more natural.. passion. of .•• 6 Notice Be fore asking students to do Exercise 6a. You can see Ihe first one's smiling and seems really happy. so tho! shows us . a famous British painter who specialized in crowded urban scenes. Okay.. so . get the feeling that the firsl woman is crazy about him ". um . Ask students to close their eyes and imagine one of the paintings they can see. you see there? Oh yes. he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. He has a beard. Divide the closs into groups of four.. uh . we can see tha t the colors are generally more somber. He was.. Also cIlcollrllge Ihem to usc tho phrases they identified in Exercise 6b. he mostly pointed por1raits and landscapes. but the other one seems kind of bored so we .. So... you said thaI Renoir . now So Kind of this one okay? Exercise 6c can be conducted as an open class discussion . Dance in IheCounlry we can see his foce. the first thing we nolice is the woman's red bonne!. right? In Donce in the City. can I just ask you a question? There's something I don'l understand here . Okay. Guide Yes? Tourist 2 Well. He painted all kinds of pictures.. uh . uh . Tourist l in love? Sorry to interrupt. Additional activity Imaginary art gallery. in love with lhe man.one of the best. Dance in the City. red is Ihe color of love.. uh. look at Dance in the Countryogoin and nolice the colors... . Remind students to usc the headings from exorcise 3 011 pago 12. we . find ouf which students in each group really broughl their paintings to life.. and Renoir often uses the color red in this way. and the second one is called Donee in the Cityand . if we turn 1 the 0 second picture. For Exerc ise Sa on page 12 1't Tour guide Now.. okay. Okay. as you can see they both have a similar ". Renoir was 0 French Impressionist . uh . interesting differences. but there's also red in her fan. For Exercise G ask students to work in pairs.. uh.. leI's begin by looking at the people. b Suggested answers: Okay. The 6rst !hing. uh. . Ask students to work in pairs or small groups. now look carefully ollhis girl and compare her to Ihe girl in the other picture. Afterwords. and he is standing very close to lhe young lady.. help them identify where the lexts are from and that Text B is a transcript of an oral texl. uh . butlhere ore some . Have them choose a painti ng and make notes to describe it...

uh .ing at the people. . The first thing. both feature a young couple dancing. Dance in the Country and Dance in the City.. died Cagnes...we can see his face. theme: young couples dancing. . uh . whereas the young woman in Dance in the City appears somewhat uninterested.. . uh . 7 Follow up a In pairs or small groups. He was.. we notice is the man in the first picture -this one. uh ..6 Notice a Compare the written and spoken texts about the artist. kind of . Auguste Renoir: born Umoges.. so . Okay. Don't just read out the written description . Okay. okay? In Dance in the City. F rance. Dance in the Country . Make a list of differences between the two texts. This young woman appears extremely happy.. but. he has a beard and he is standing very close to the young lady. as you can see they both have a similar. Renoir.. Despite similarities in theme.. now. choose one of the paintings on this page (or one your teacher gives you). Okay.. in love with the man.. uh. um . One of the greatest French impressionists. Renoir was a French Impressionist . he was born in Limoges in 1841 and died in 1919. now look carefully at this girl and compare her to the girl in the other picture. You can see the first one's smiling and seems really happy. b Present your description of the painting to the class. we . there are several interesting differences between the paintings. in Dance in the City. uh. The assumption is that the first woman is in love with her partner whereas b What expressions are typical of the spoken text? okay... let's begin by IooI<. make notes on it then write a short description of it. uh. interesting differences...remember that spoken English is different from written English! You and me Unit 1 . 1841. we can't really see the man's face at all. two of Renoir's most famous paintings. He painted all kinds of pictures. Notice that in both pictures we have a young coup~ dancing but there are some . c Give examples of similar expressions in your own language. now here we see two of Renoir's best -known paintings: the first one is called Dance in the Country and the second one is called Dance in the City and . get the feeing that the first woman is crazy about him .one of the best. 19 19.. uh .. but he mostly painted portraits and landscapes. but the other one seems kind of bored so we.. Together.. now... one can see a bearded man dancing very close to a smiling young woman.. Renoir primarily painted portraits and landscapes. Tour guide Now as many of you will know.. uh . Okay. In the former.

emphaSizing a fact/feeling: He does live'here. stay -+ stayed -+ liked. white (British English onty) reel. brown. double the consonant: plan -+ planned. Affkmative: We m e t friends and had pizza last night. remove -y and add -ied: study -+ studied.JAC:. """ '''''''' """""""" urI1appy happy Question: Did you meet them at the restaurant? Emphatic: I did call you! Note the spelling rules for regular past forms: With most verbs. regular actions: I often go to the movies. • a continuous situation or repeated action that is now firished: People lived in poverty in those days. • a definite anangeo"Ie(ll for the future: We're leaving at six tomorrow morning and meeting the others at the airport. Vllhat are you doing? a temporary situation or actMty: My sister is living in France right now. but he can't walk yet. white.". 3 I can't see you ton ight . black. things that are true: • an irritating habit that someone has: You're &Ways interrupting me. """" act"" ""'" """""""" "" w""' """.. Jeff is always turning up late these clays..Ie -+ maved Cho o se three adjectives that describe each of thes e people: yoo With verbs ending in consonant + -y. permanent situations and states: lINe in BtaziI. people my nickname .. lighVdarI< hair people (s kin c olor) Unit 1 You and me . b c d e The soo riSes in the east and sets in the west. which you need 10 learn: go -+ went. · it's getting botter 6 I'm never telling people my nickname -I hate it! I never tell Emphatic: We do wa nt you to s tay longer . v.E RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of simple present Use a facts. gray. 4 Our neighbors are always playing loud music late at night and it really annoys me. Negative: She doesn't work on the weekend. yellow.. fT'IO. feelings and desires at the IJ(esent tine: I want a break. tired.". dark.. '00. Question: Does she work hard? Do they work through lunch? V 5 "How's Kevin's leg?" "OIl.nite. Affirmative: She w orks in a bank. Neutral realistic ~ined Negative irritating """""" -. red (sleepy. They often diedyoung. a situation that is developing or changing: Susan is losing a lot of weight. phi your best friend your mother or lather -+ 3 Review and extension of the present progressive coffee m eat b read eyes Use • • • pro"ad A lot 01 verbs have an irregul<v past form. sad) black.0 • emphasizing a fact/feeing: You did say you'd moot me at eight. They don't worle /ate very often.it's just th81 we won't be here. tell -+ told. I'm surell do love you! QuestiOn: Are you reading anything good? Is the use o r the te n ses in these sente nces c orrect? Put a c heck by th e correct senten ces and correct th e wrong o nes. light. I feel tired. I usuaRy watch comedies. eat -+ ate. blond. carry -+ carried With one-sylLable verbs ending in consonant + vowel + consonant. hazel. it gets better.flite.live """" romantic cooservative quiet radical dul sad rod cooperative sboog modest attractive """" bomg irritable ~"" Negative: We didn 't m eet until pretty /ate In the evening. rootioe. Negative: We aren 't reading vet)' much right now. weather's good . probably because her mother is getting sicker and she's worried. brown (tan from the sun). add -ed: look With verbs ending in -e.en) brown.we're having a fami ly dinner. not nine! Fo.I hate itl 2 Review and extension of simple past Use Vocabulary Summary 1 Adjectives: personality Posffive • a single action in the past that is now finished: We went to a bar last night. white.. blue. She's studying French art and architecture. I work as an engineer. brown reel.". buy -+ bought. dark (chid<. add -d: like organized "'m respectable -+ looked. red.. rose black. dark . Fo. drink -+ 2 Collocations with colors eggs wine wtYte. black (German dark rye bread) an action happening now: I'm reading about grammar. brown. Her two friends work there. These tomato plants grow very quickly if the Fo. green. white. Affirmative: I'm reading a really interesting book right now. 1 "Vv'hat are you majoring in?" "I'm majoring in history: V V 2 These tomato plants are growing very quickly if the weather's good. gray.

can you add anything more to the list you made in Exercise 2c? 3 USing a dictionary a Why do you think some of the words are in red? What do the one'. when do you use it? 3 Have you ever used an English-English dictionary? If you don't have one. Which of the words in the box apart from leader and drink can strong also collocate with? ACTION PlAN [> 8 leader drink discussion marriage swimmer film Strong swimmer Strong marriage Your action plan: using our dictionary Tum to page 152 and . two ". b Discuss your answers. Make a list of some more useful things that you learn about the information an English·English dictionary can give you. 53 at the back of your book and look at the section on how to use your dictionary. Note: You will need to show your list to a classmate at the end of Unit 2. 1 We're still in the black thanks to my new job.£'1m1e 'm?Yd. 4 I see a word or phrase that I am curious about. Number of syllables 4: in·de-pend·ent Main stress in·de-pend. would you buy one? Why? I Why not? 2 Information a dictionary can give you a Would you use a dictionary in these situations? Write . know.I. Jt can telL 'if!I! dJf/eYe:nl ?'Itet1m11fjS of the . which ones? Bl ack: noun. make a list of the different pieces of information an English-English dictionary can give you. c A dictionary is full of information about words and phrases. 1 Do you own a dictionary in your language? If yes. d Now klok at the dictionary extracts on page 154. verb Blue: noun Green: noun Red: nOUD 2 Which two eolors can describe an unhappy feeling? Bl ack. For example the adjective strong can collocate to produce a strong leader or a strong drink but not a strong enemy. In pairs. and three ••• categories mean? b Use the dk:tionary entries on page 154 and 155 to answer the following questions.00 is cou:nf4l:1e or U:'1u:ounMile. te1L }fJU. 1 Can any of the "color adjectives" be nouns or verbs? If so. figure out. discuss these questions. or ? I would use a dictionary every lime: 1 I see a word or phrase that I don'.)(.Using a dictionary 1 Dictionaries you have used In small groups. He has no experien ce 4 When I got the answer wrong I turned red with embarrassment. bl ue c How many meanings do the adjectives black and green have in the dictionary entries? 7 d What do you think the f(jlowing phrases ~n Italic) mean? Check your ideas in the dictionary entries.py • mdl'penckln[ Idscn(<l)ldsl In'spe k [~bll • 3: ro-man-tic 3: dis-ci-plined 3: un-hap-py • kou'mrenuk/ Idlsaphnd/ IAn'hrepJ / romantic disciplined unhappy • independent generous respectable f Words often collocate with other words. when do you use it? 2 Do you have a bilingual dictionary? If yes.If a )1. You do not have any debt 2 You can ask me till you are blue in the face but I won't do it! There is no use trying to persuade me 3 He's too green to do that job. 2 I see a word or phrase that I can'. 3 I see a word or phrase that is important to understanding a text. You and me Unit l .ent Pronunc iation 3: gen ·er-ous 4 : re-spec·ta·ble 8en-er -011s re-spec·ta-bJe ro-m -an-tic dis-ci-plined uD-hap. J felt very embarrassed e Use the dictionary entries to complete the table below with information about the words in the box. Jt can.

Unil2 Fame and fonune ...A . simple past 2 . in fact. simple past To express that we wnw accustomed to something in the past.. used to + verb. 1 Her parents sent her to a private Catholic school in Louisiana. Info rmat ion 1 2 Grammar review and extension : simple past. used to + verb 3 Hayek wasn't used to going against her parents' wishes . or repealed actions in the Why is it important? Salma Hayek was horn. she used to misbehave constant! y .. 1 Who is the person? Z What do you know about her background? 3 Can you name any of her movies? 4 Have you seen any of her movies? If so. be used to a Look at the examples below. My Crazy Life popular TV soap career in Hollywood first hig break • 5 6 pasl Ihal are nol true or that don't happen now.S. 1966 University 2 3 Teresa L. De LANGUAGE NOTE + used to + noun/-ing verb can be used in the present or the past: 1 2 3 4 What is your favorite movie? Who starred in it? What was it about? How successful was the film commercially? She wasn 'f used to going against her pareIlt~· · wishes. d In pairs... a job in a local theater. was used to + ing verb 4 .. I like if. be used to Frida huge success in U. Answer the questions.. Then write the correct form by the rules: simple past.1 Reading skills a Look at the pictures of this famous person. used to. which didn't pay much . Student A: Look at page 150. what did you think of them? b You are going to read an article about this person.. or was used to + noun/-ing verb.. situations. discuss these questions. simple past 5 Although Hayek was used to considerable success . used to For situalions and actions that are now finished. I'm used to gelling up early in the morning. Student B: Look at page 151... International Rela tions September 2nd. was used to + noun For habits. e Now complete this chart with your partner.

tell each student clearly whether they are student A or student B. and person/thing in his or her life. and it means be occuslomed 1 The confusion arises from the 0 0.. have a briof class discussion. but don'. the town you were born. Make sure students only read the text and complete the graph that is on "their" page. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Aflor students hAve discussed the questions in Exercise 1a briefly in pairs. Check with the class which form is being used in each exam ple. in pairs. Fameondfortune T1 6 Unil2 . Then have each student write down on important dole. ~ Quick grammar guide: used 10 Students often forget to use 10. Before starling Exercise l b. be used to Have students foad the exam ples in Exercise 2a. In the form be used to + ing. and a pefSOfl/lhing thaI is important in your life.l6r lennis. You may wish to check students understand them: kicked oul of school = expelled from school dropped oul of school = /eft school before completing studies gol a big break •• Vocabulary extension =hod a greal opportunity Ihe film bombed = the film was very unsuccessful. elici t feedback from the whole class. without showing Mch other their graphs. I tJSe Ie :eJe)' baseball on Saturday. 2 Grammar review and extension: simple past. lor example. the dole you become a teacher. 0 be used to doing a mini autobiography speaking from graphic information Write on the board a dole. a place. They tJS98 . used to. After students have discussed the questions in Exercise ld . The texis on page 150 ond 151 contain a number of very colloquial expressions. Tell pairs to complete Exerciselc together. The form used to + infinitive talks about post slales and habits thaI are no longer Irue. If there are no identical forms in the students' own language. used 1 do. Students think the form used /0 + infinitive can be used in a present form and confuse it with usually. tell them anything extra at this stage. bull never ploy on Sunday. Then ask students 10 match the forms to the rules. Common problems and errors t . usedis on adjective and 1 is a preposition. and ask them 10 interview a partner. similarity of the forms. Encourage students 10 share any information they know. If a post imperfect tense in the students' own language expresses the some meaning as used to. the name of your dog. they tend to ovoid using these forms.Objectives Grammar Topic: biographies of famous people Reading a biography Writing Speaking simple pasl. learners sometimes think thal lhey are expressing a post habit when they use a simple post form of a verb in English. Draw st udents' attention to the Language Nole and ask them to think of some examples of their own. place. Tell the closs 10 osk you questions 10 find oul why the dole. Otld person/thing ore important to you. place.

Do the fi rst express ion in Exercise zb as an example to got students started. tl 3 Speaking skills Model the activity in Exercise 3a by d rawing a graph. Prase . Have students complete Exercise 2g ind ividually. Answers will vary with students' background knowledge. Unil2 T 17 Fame and fortvne . ask them to exchange the ir autobiography with a partner fo r Exercise 4b. rather than just taking turns to give informa tion. Go around the class as they write. Demonstrate how to interrupt with questions. Then have students draw their own timelines and label them with key events. Then ask them to check with a partner before discussing tho answers with the whole dass. Tell the class about a ile or two good or bad things from your life. AcIdttIonaI octivity For homework. or limeli ne. helping with ideas and vocabulary. ask stvdents to research and write the biography of their favorite movie or sports star. Encourage students to do this during th e activity. 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow the steps in Exercise 4a to write a 50· word autobiography. and moni tor to make sure thoy are applying the rule correctly.) Have students work in pai rs for Exercises 2d and 2e . Finally. Use Exercise zf as a lead-in to the text by asking the whole class the questions.talkln Help students generate ideas by writing the following prompts on the board at the start of the activity: Bom etIterncIIWe 510rled school Moved house/ fawn Left school Mel Possed_ Woo__ When students are ready. on the board and briefly drawi ng your "li fe " a ll it (see pages 150-1 51 for examples). Before putting students in pairs fo r Exercise 3b. (Some phrases can only be used with simple past because they refer to one fi nished time in th e past. Then ask them to work individually. Discuss the qucslion in Exercise 2c with the whole class and ask them fo r the reason why this is so. model the speaking task by asking a capable student to talk about his or her life. Elicit additional questions from the class until you feel students understand their task. ask students to share with the class the false info rmation in each au tobiography.

we often € : D sed to to the theater.281 goals. using the graph to help you. Which ones? 1 When I was a child. Use the simple past. b Read your partner's autobiography.Pew (popular name of Edson Arantes do Nascimento) Born 1940.i often used to visit my grandparents. 5 My grandparents~used to JIEPin an apartment near the beaCh.... because I didn't use to I asn't used to hearing that dialect. Which of the a Think about the ups and downs in your life. 4 Give your autobiography to a partner. Interrupt yesterday simple past last night simple past your partner to ask questions. Follow these steps: 1 Make brief notes for your autobiography. expressions can go with both? Make notes and draw a graph.he 4 pIayedlused to play barefoot! To make money. in 2002 simple past at midnight both b In pairs. In groups. as on pages 150 when I lived in Canada both last winter simple past and 151. His family 3 were very poor and when he was a boy... He 2 was born in Tres Coracoes. He 10 spent most of his career at Santos (1956-74) and then with the New York Cosmos (1975-7). Pele couldn't afford soccer shoes. and at 17 he 7 played/competed for Brazil in the 1958 World Cup Final. 2 Include one thing about yourself that is not true. 3 Write your autobiography in about 50 words. or be + used to. But his feet didn't hurt when he played .. 6 Did you use to 4Il. B Where did you live after that? A We moved to Quebec. soccer player Most people believe Pele 1 was the most successful player in the history of soccer.. In 1980 the sports wond 12 voted him "athlete of the century". In two sentences both forms are correct. compete be (x2) be born make vote play (x2) score shine spend win . because I wasn't used to the cold or speaking French. and with used to.d y09 my some beer this morning? f Look at the picture on the right.. used to. of your ups and downs.363 first-class games (1955-1977) and scored 1. Pele 6 made his intemational debut when he was 16. 2 Last night we used to go {. He 8 scored two goals in the 5-2 win over Sweden. c Which go only with the simple past? d Complete the sentences with as many time A I used to live in Texas. -- . 4 I couldn't understand the S ish here at first. ~ I was used to walk to school. when. etc. at nine o'clock both this morning simple past why.c . in Brazil. It was difficult at first . and in Brazil he is a national hero. where. I visited my grandparents ___ _ _ __ e Choose the correct verb form in each sentence. three days ago simple past on my last birthday simple past Student A: Talk about your life.b We can use a number of time words with the 3 Speaking skills simple past. he 5 shinedlused to shine other people's shoes. phrases as possible. Can you find the information that is not true? g Complete the text below with the verbs in the box. discuss these questions. show each other your graphs. at Christmas time both when I was a child both Student B: Interrupt A to ask questions with did. 1 Do you know who this is? 2 What do you know about him? 4 Writing skills a You are going to write a mini-autobiography. 3 W en we lived in New York. He 9 won a second winner's medal in 1962 and a third in 1970.-en~to the movies. He 11 played/competed in 1. .

w . installed a pay-telephone for guests in his English mansion. I worked hard for my money.... e renOwned U S way up b of hiS bOOks. another tells of wher Italian terrorists kidnapped his grandsori-" and he refused to pay the ransom money! Eventualiy. "Be n' '. . n hOur 'orked maintain h' s a day to s as a welde/ fortune. he agreed to lend his son th. .. n dream abOut shiPPin --Aristotle F rd founder of the Ford Motor Company. twenty or el . ecause you'll Ice to peopl ' meet them e on yOUr on the waydo.. whether with head or hand. the only son of the world 's wealthiest businessman. screenwriter. I produced think. . One • story has it that h \.. ..lOu h ·. c the advice below given by four mil lionaires and answer these questions. Anyone who stOPS learOlng 1S 0.ghry Anyone who keeps learrung stays young.. .... he was worth over a billion dollars. Rockefeller."When Getty died. "I I' believe in the dignity of labor. . th wrote in one '. ." people needed...g.. money to pay for the child's freedom.. . 1 What does he say about being a billionaire? 2 In what ways was Getty "stingy"? A Stingy Billionaire '---' John Paul Getty (18921976). However. In YOUr SIeep. ""The famous billionaire always said hi~ wealth was the result of hard work." Gett) ' always counted his millions very carefully. for his miserliness. "If you can count your-. In fact. "I haVt=-'" no problem with being wealthy. ld hether at H enry 0 . part payments made regularly over a penod or lime John D. J... . the money had to be paid bac in installments.money.: rea~ GLOSSARY stingy doesn't like spending money miserliness being stingy.Having a fortune 1 Reading skills a WouJ d you like to be a millionaire? Why? I Why not? b Read the magazine article about th multi-milli?naire.. GLOSSARY magnate weallhy and powerful person welder person who makes metal jOints le. He top "'1' and ajTh Starred ." The greatest thing in life is to keep your nund young. Paul Getty. one of the richest"'--" people in history. ed fj day and . aVe to chi Or rhe "}j nJghr . an: answer these questions. he was well known.. 1 Which one most refl ects the secret of Getty's success? 2 Which advice did Getty ignore? 3 In your opinion. au ShoUld' e said Y It' ev . refusal to spend money ransom money money demanded by kidnappers to release their prisoner insta ~lm e nts.. you don't have a billion dollars." n f Unil2 Onassis ch eighree 8 magnate ~ e Greek . said. believed. h nk Inane . which is the best advice? N~".-.. for tIll'S. ships) Fome ond fortune . said. ..." Wilson M' 'zner. Jr. .

In other words. instead he lent the ransom money to his son. check they understand the questions and draw their attention 10 the Glossary. F ame and fortune T 18 Unit 2 . The love of money is the roof of off evil.. Ask students whether they agree with ony of the sayings. Answers: 1 Onassis's advice reflects the secret of Getty's success. as needed . ~ Vocabulary extension Ask students in pairs to put the synonyms in the corred categories.hat it is impossible to count how much money they have. Draw students' attenti on to Ihe quotes and the Glossary in the lower half of the page. Review the pronunciation and definition of the words.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: money Reading a profile of a famous person Ustening interviews money: noun-verb collocations Write one or two of the following well-known sayings on the board: Money makes the world go oround. Ask them to complete Exercise lc in pairs. you weren't a billionaire. Money con't buy me love. under stingy or wealthy. Introduce !he topic 1 Reading skills Discuss the question in Exercise la as a class. Check answers to questions 1 and 2 and hold a class vote on question 3. Why? Why not? Ask students how imponont money is in their lives. Before asking students to read the article in Exercise lb. Encourage students to explain their answers . Then write the following words at random on the board: mean rich well-off miserly prosperous fight-fisted t . 2 Getty ignored Mizner's advice. Answers: 1 Gelly said if you could count your millions. he refused to pay the ransom for his grandson. who had to pay it back. 2 He installed a pay phone for guests. Write the following two words from the text at the top of the board: stingy and wealthy. b illionaires are so rich t.

only 17% of respondents didn't! Bob Mmm. Half of those people who changed jobs started their own business. Well. investing. and stress of investment and salary. So that's quite surprising. five min utes). Draw students' attention to the Language Note at the bottom of the page. or soiling. make money from working. ask whether they were "typical" of lottery millionaires in each category. I con understand thot. yel only a tenth of those questioned switched to private doctors. the picture appears to be that a 101 of people lend not 10 change their lives very much after a huge win. and the firsl is happiness. Almost half the winners. pay for something when you hand over money for it. isn't it? And it even made some people less happy. Bul you'd think lt1at people would wont to spend lime doing other things. really. the results do seem to prove that. \n locI. Janet Yes. we've just had the results from Ihe lolest survey. o o - 7'~--------------------------------------------Bob Now. whose market research company conducted the most r8(ent survey. did you know that The Notional Lolferyin the United Kingdom has sent out questionnaires to all the people who have won a million pounds .paid jobs and move inlo something less welt paid but that they really wanted to do. Set a time limit for Exercise 2c (for example. Bob I suppose it"s a perfect opportunity for people to improve their children's education? Janet Indeed. In our survey.thars amazing! Janet It is. even though they hod become rich. we asked about leisure time. how has winning a fortune affected the lives of those tucky people? Janet Good morning. And that isn'l always the case. Janet The other interesting point is that the majority of the people who answered Ihe questionnaire gave money to members of their family. and see which pair can produce the greatest number of combinations. and that you lend to and borrow from . and a massive 42% felt it had mode no difference. Welt. Bob Mmm. In Exercise 2b. etc. Bob It mode no difference to 42% of people . ti Presentation alternative 3 Li stening skills Read the situation in Exercise 3a as a class. and the 4% who said that they were separated or divorced were probobly going to get divorced anyway' Now. Set the scene by asking students a few questions: How would you (eactto winning a million dollars in the fot/ery? What would you spend the money on? How do you think it would change your life? After students have listened to the audio in Exercise 3b and completed the SUIveycolumn. Then ask students to use their imagination to complete the Me column in the chart. rum money from your job. that makes sense. just over half of all the people.. 55%. Hoving money means you can offord to make choices. yes. My salory is the amount of money I earn in my job. Surprisingly. we did. you know the old saying thaI money can'l buy love? Well. So. Have studen ts attempt Exercise 3c before you play the audio again for them to complete it. you said. said the win hod made them happier and just two per cent said it mode them less happy.thars nearly two million dollars . thars 48%. Did you ask them aboullove? Janet love. Bob. Actually. as you know. Janet Well. check pronunciation of cam and lose and that students can use the words correctly. and they're very interesting. Janet. winning a lot of money mode no difference to peaple's love lives: 95% of married couples stayed married' Bob 95%' Thars a huge percentage.2 Vocabulary: money After students have done Exercise 2a in pairs. flying. In the sludio this morning is Janet King. Bob Two percent. Have the whole class check in Exercise 2d. Have students change partners before doing Exercises 2e and 2f. and about three percent only decided to send their kids to private schools. and Ihars also very interesting. though they hod no need 10 work anymore. So.. You might ask. Bob Yes. Only 15% of the winners quit their job for a new one . kept the some job. Check pronunciation of waste and receipt.so to find out if money makes people happier? Janet Exactly. "Whars the poinl of winning so much money if it doesn·t change your life?"" Unit2 T 19 Fame and fortune . irs very encouraging. and only 16% of the winners took up an expensive new hobby like golf.or more in the lost five years? They wont to find out if the win changed these people's lives. enjoying themselves. We assume that those people were able 10 leave well. make sure they understand tha t win has a different meaning to earn. and major choices are health ond education. We look atlhe results in different categories. Bob Happiness . Yes. Bob So 15% of people actually went out and found a new job al1hough they didn't need lo? Janet Thars right. we also asked about work.

Think about wha t your answers would be and complete the "Me" column with "yes" or "no. Listen agai n and write them.. It made no difference to my happiness.2 Vocabul ary: money a Find a word from the box for each of the descriptions below.J. It made me unhappy. 55% 2% 42% 4% 48% 15% 16% d Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. Since then you have gotten murried . 10% 3% 83% r Ask and answer the questions fro m Exercise 2e with a part ner. There arc six extra words.ne5S 2 love 3 work 4 leisure 5 hcallh 6 educatjon LANGUAGE NOTE YOll d In pairs. have cash credit card 7 give someone money temporarily. .by cash or credit card? 2 3 4 My partner and I got divorced.. I did not quit worn. I gave money to my family. moved to a new neighborhood. 5 6 7 8 I took up an expensive new hobby." ~ c The represontative of the company discusses six categories. e Complete tho sentences with an appropriate verb from the box. Verbs make cam spend save lend borrow waste win lose pay investment credit card salary receipt money cash Nouns 1 money in tho form of bills and coins cash 2 something you buy in order to make more money later on investment 3 get some money from a person or an institution. you won a million dollars in tho loltery. they will pay it back lend 8 what you got as proof of buying something receipt 9 what yO ll recoive overy month for working sa lary 10 use money to buy things spend b Check that you understand the other nouns and verbs in the box obove. to be paid back laler borrow 4 got money or a pr i z~ in a competition or louory will 5 usc monoy or lime in an inefficient way waslo 6 you can pay with this if YOLI don'. 3 Listening skills a How would you react to winning the lottery? Read the situation below and complete the task. Comp lete the missing percentages in tho las! column o f the table. which'! 2 Why do you think winning a lot of money made some people unhappy? 3 What resu lts would the same survey produce in your country? lend sometbing to someone You borrow some/lrills /rom someone Fame ond fortune Unit 2 .i!X. Imagine thi s situation: five years ago. 1 How much does a doctor earn in your country'? Z Do you ever waste money buying things you don't need ? 3 When was the last time you lent money to a frie nd'! 4 What do you spend most of your money on'? 5 Have you over won any money in a competition? 6 Do you pre fer to -P. You just received the questionnaire on tho right that the lottery has sent to all its winners in the past five yoars. 50"". discuss these questions. 9 We sent the children to a private school. to -rnak an.~!e. 0 b Listen to an interv iew. Thon tell the class your ideas. I got a new job. 1 Do any of the results surprise you? If so. 1 Me The win made me happier. c Make as many verb-nou n combinations as you can wit h the words in the box above... 1 fli1l?A. t switched to private medical care. and had throe children. tn.

she had to leave the country of her birth after the military coup of 1973. of each of those people. He retired twice. she has become the bestknown South American author.. but it was there that her career . Maybe he wasn 't good enough for the school tcam.. Uni!2 Fame and fortune . b ut when he came back the second time to play fo r the WashinglOll Wizards.. and in 1982 h e became the world's most expensive soccer player when h e transferred to Barcelon a. Isabe l Allende had to leave her country .. She went toVenezuela with her husband and children. Sadly. his career ended only a few years later. if appropriate. fD Mar adona He became Argentina's youngest ever international soccer player in 1977.. with several novels to her name. after accusations of drug abuse. Since then. c Rea~ lhe extracts ogain. 2 I wish I hadn't gone back after I retired 3 I was very sorry to have to leave my co~ntry. Match each one with one of the people in the pictures. House of the Spirits. he failed to get OnlO the school basketball team. He was captain of the Argentinian tcam when they won their second Wo rld Cup in 1986..Regrets 1 Readi ng skills a Discuss these questions. Make a note of the nchlCvcments and failures. d Which of tho people might have theso regrets? Which ono was 1I0t a persolla] choice? '. but he went on to become the greatest basketball plllyer of all time. Discuss thorn with a parlner. e Allende Born in Chile. She was unable to find work in her chosen career as a jou rnalist. 1 Can YOll identify the people ill the pictures? 2 What do you know about them? b Read the extracts quickly.it was 1101 a personal choice o lorda n A link known fuel: when he was in high school.'St. he was clearly past his m. has also been made into a film. o nly to come back to the sport. Her most famou s. as an author took off. 1 It was really stupid to got into that sluff.

. and he'd saved enough money George Uh huh? Bill Enough money to open a little hamburger place and . George What? Bill Well. well. he asked me to join him. but old Joe's doing okay. We were buddies. A n swers: 1 Achiev ements: greatest basketball player of al! time Failures: failed to get onto school basketball tearn. you know. 8 For Exerc ise 3 on page 21:"!11 Bill Mmm. 1 \~ For Exercise 4 on page 21:"!11 Reolly? You're kidding! Oh. a hundred! George Incredible! Bill Y eah. Encourage them to foc us on completing the task. Bill Tao lole 10 change it now. Joe and I used to work in the same factory after we left school. Bill Yeoh. amazing. ah. be his partner. yeah!? Bill Yeah . Incredible! No! George Yeah. A hundred? Uh huh Yeah. most expensive soccer player. Bill Oh. students should quickly road the extracts and match them to the pictures . right. Fame and fortune T 20 Unit 2 . Usten . but don'. If only I'd said yes ... and not to waste time trying to understand the passages in depth. George Yeah. p ast his best wh en he came back tbe second time 2 A chievements: successful author Failures: had to leave Chile: couldn ' t find work as a journalist 3 Achievements: Argentina's yowlgest ever soccer player... This is delicious. mine's not 100 good. George No! And you turned him down? Bill Well.. right .Objectives Grammar Topic: regrets Vocabulary regrets: I wish / If school a nd careers: only collocations Pronunciation Reading intonation short biography expressing interest extracts and surprise Ustening Speaking discussing personal regrets a conversation 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. he's gal a chain of. _you won't believe this . Joe owns this place and all the other Lucky Joe reslauranls. I've regret1ed it a thousand times. about a hundred outlets all over the world! George A hundred? Bill Yep. give away any answers yet In Exercise l b. I wish I'd ordered a cheeseburger. George Joe? Bin Joe Espinosa. and now he's . George Oh. they must be making a 101 of money.. George It's nat as big as some fast food chains. yeah and then he went on to open a second hamburger ioint and Ihen a third .. George Mm. captain of Argentina when they won the World Cup in 1986 Failures: drug abuse D iscuss Exercise ld with the whole class. Bill . you know. Answers: Extract 1: Michael Jordan Extract 2: Isabel Allende Extract 3: Diego Maradona The other picture on page 20 is of Gabriel Garda Marquez In Exercise lc students should rea d the texts carefully for detaiL Ask students to make brief notes individually and then discuss their n otes in pairs . Encourage lots of speculation.. yeoh. George Really? Bill Really_We used to go to the same school George You're kidding! You used to go to the same school I? Bill Yeah. You know irs always busy here.

' ''''e!:J/c/ have more money. t 3 Listening skills Before playing the audio for Exercise 3a. so students need to exaggerate the way they express interest and surprise in order to sound "natural: The intonation pattern for both interest and surprise can be represented by a falling arrow then a rising arrow. Using your hand. If only I hadn't given up my job in the city. After students have listened again in Exercise 3b. Ask students to work in pairs to complete Exercise zb and to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. Have them write down three regrets lhatthey think that person might have. If only I had listened to my parents. Ask for volunteers to report back to the class. I would like !/:Je!. ask students to concentrate on answering the questions. Encourage students to use the intonation patterns when responding. Another problem is that the students' language may have no specific verb equivalent to wish but moy use a subjunctive form equivalenlto want / would like. Then allow students two minutes to tbink of ideas for the topics. to encourage students to express surprise through intonation. English has no well-developed subjunctive form. make a gesture that moves steeply down. Itfonly I wish/If only + post perfect is used to express regrets about the past. The oudioscripts tor Track 8 and Track 9 ore on page T20 '" Unit2 T 21 Fame and fortune . 6 Speaking skills Elicit one or two "regrets" from the class. However. Quk\( grammar guide: I wish I wish/If only + simple past is used to talk about wonting things to be different about the present. Ask students to read the regrets aloud to their group or to the class. pause after each word and ask the whole class to repeat. then up. which is usually not acceptable. This can lead to errors. the fall and rise are much steeper when expressing surprise than when expressing interest. Students often try to convey the subjunctive with would + verb. Allow enough preparation time (for example. Draw students' attention to the Language Note. Presentation alternative Ask students to imagine thai they ore 0 famous person. Then d iscuss the answers as a class. Common probktms and errors Students try to express regrets about the present with a present form.t ·· ~ 2 Grammar: regrets Use the picture and the questions in Exercise Za to establish the context: the man wants his situation to be different now. Have them write notes but not whole sentences. five to ten minutes) for them to feel confident when retelling. Compare answers to Exercise 4a around the class. Note that in 2. Then elicit from students what they think the man might be saying: I wish [were younger / more handsome. Concentrate on intonation. Then ask one or two indiv iduals to repeat. any changes to some because the sentence changes from negative to positive. Let students check their sentences in Exercise 2d in pairs before discussing the answers as a class. Elicit wish sentences in response to question 4. Answers: 2 I wish / 3 I wish / 4 I wish I 5 I wish I 6 I wish I If only I had some friends here. ask them to check in pairs. I wish I eFR taller. Allow students to choose the story to expan d in Exercise 4c. 5 Vocabulary: school and careers Model the activity for Exercise 5c by asking three or four questions in open class. 4 Pronunciation skills: expressing interest and surprise Quick pronunciation guide English has a very wide range of intonation. In Exercise 4b. Unlike mony other longuoges. If only I made enough money here. Have the other students guess which famous person they are. Play the audio only once and compare answers with the whole class. I wish I wel:JkJ !ilre in a quieter area. If only I lived in the city.

[wish I had kept in touch with h er. b Check your answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 24. usc expressions from Exercise 4a to show interest and surprise. huh. No! lID lID III lID ~ b Listen again and repeat the phrases. 2 You were invited to the Oscars and you met some famous movie stars. school 3 become partner 4 found/start company 5 open slore. exams. d Make wishes about Ihese sentences.. 3 How does he feel about the situation'? Unhappy. 5 I prefer living in the cily. Which statements are regrets about or desires for Ihe present? Which are regrets about the past? 1 If only I looked better. 2 Was he attractive fifty years ago? Yes. ~ b Listen agai n and answer these questions. 6 I didn't listen to my parents. talk about th ings you either regret in your life now or regret about your past. b The man expresses his regrets in different ways. it. c Choose one of the "stories" below and make notes on it. Really? Oh. school. 4 [don't make enough money here. 4 You saw something very strange in the sky when you closed your curtains last night. I really miss my best friend from high school. Answer the questions. 3 When you were young. II wish I were rich. past 3 If only I hadn't lost my beautiful hair. I graduated from high school when I was 18. Uh. Use the sentences in Exercise 2b to help you. and there: 1 wish 1 was rich. When you listen to your partner's story. 1 I moved to this lawn a year ago and [don't like it. Which ones express interest? Which express surprise? Write I or S in the boxes. + the Ilast perfect tense. 1 Where are the speakers? fast food restaurant 2 What are they doing? eating. yeah. mOlley 1 LANGUAGE NOTE When we use the simple past of be after I wish or If only. 1 Stories YOIl saw a very strange animal when you were out for a walk in the woods yesterday.ly. Then tell your partner. 2 Grammar: regrets a Look althe picture above. present 2 r wish I hadn't lost my good looks. we can use either was or were after [. Answer these questions.o 4 Pronunciation skill s: expressing interest and surprise a Listen to these phrases from the conversation. I wish + were is always correct. your parents won the lottery. money. IlVish I hadn't moved to this toWll. o 3 Listening skills a Listen 10 the conversation. school. Incredihle! III III III lID You're kidding! A hundred!? Yeah. 2 [don't have any friends here. They were right. present c Complete the rules. company 8 accept / turn down job offer. 4 Can he change the situation? No. 1 Is the man attractive now? No. fami ly. slore. Use th ese to pics : fr iends. learn 2 graduate from college. factory 6 work for company 7 work atlill factory. though some people think it is old-fashioned.. 5 Vocabulary : school and careers a Which of lhe nouns in the box can you put with each verb group'! college company factory job orrer money partner school store team leave / drop oul of I quit college. We can express regrets about the present with I IDm and If only + the simple ~ tense. 3 II was stupid to give up my job in the city.. past 4 I wish I weren'l totally bald.!!D. talking 3 What is their relationship'! friends 6 Speaking skills In pairs. right . she.. c Which of these have you done in your life so far? Ask and answer in pairs. jobs. A Did YOll leave school when you were 16? 8 No. college. school. 1 Who did Bill use to go to school with? Joe 2 Where did Bill and joe use to work? the same factory 3 What did joe do after he left the factory? opened a hamburger place 4 What does Bill wish? he had said yes when joe asked hjm to be his partner F ame and fortune Uni! 2 . We can express regrets about the past with I wish and If . he. It is more formal.

ask your questions. Include the answers. discuss the answers to the two questions below. ask yOUl" teacher to read a few questions agai n.000 each. In groups of four or five. look back over the last two units and review the vocabulary and grammar! 6 Noti ce Did you notice the question word thaI most questions began with? If not. can~an 't 2 You choose your joker after you have heard tho quostions. One student-7The whol ~ t~ a m 11 Now lake the quiz! Your teacher will read the questions out fo r you... LANGUAGE J have n o idea. afi er-7befo r-e 3 One student decides on lhe answer for the group. practice some of the language yo u'll need . Isn't it . Do thoy use similar language to you? Which phrases do thoy use to discuss and decide on an answer? Look at the audioscript on page 148 and underline all the expressions that will be useful in taking the quiz. So. b In groups of six or eight. Who wins tho most bonus money? Unil2 Fome ond fortune . When do we ll""lly lise this question word? 7 Foll o w up a In pairs. 2 Prepare You are going to take a quiz in teams. These bonus questions are worth $50. What is wrong in each of th ese statements? 1 You can win less than $1 . Which orlhase does llQ1 go with the word white? til meat hI broad c) tea ell egg What is the namo of the sea thaI separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? a) the Black Sea bl the Sea of Marmara c) the Meditorranean Soa dl the Caspian Sea 3 Compare USEFUl.. write two bonus questions for each category. Use the Useful Language phrases.000. how did you do? Did any group win the million? Take a look at yo ur scores. What were yo ur besliworst categories? Do yo u need to improve your knowledge in any of them? If you had problems with A or B. 4 Tas k a Road the aim and ru les of the quiz. do we all 5 Feedback Well. ? It 's . or other phrases that you know for discussing choices.000.Lesson4 So you want to win a million? 1 Warm up Do you watch quizzes on TV? Do you enjoy them? Why? I Why not? What's your favorite TV (or radiol quiz? Why do you like it? . " ~ Listen to some people discussing these questions. but first.

thars right... this question.. 6 Notice Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. Whafs the nex! question? A What is !he name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it a .and quietly so that other groups can't hear. thars difficuk. Which of these does nol go with the word "white"? a . divide the class into groups of six or eight. I think you're wrong.. c . 5 Feedback Ask students to discuss the questions in their groups. Hisn'lthe Mediterranean. or d -the Caspian Sea? C Oh.. I have no idea. so irs c.Objectives Grammar Topic: taking a quiz Reading instrudions Writing w riting questions for a quiz Ustening simple present. What do you think. C Isn1 it meat? o No. B No. Allow only about 30 seconds for students to discuss their answers 10 each question.. we definitely use white with egg . read the answers aloud and ask the groups to add up their scores. c -tea.Ihe Bled:: Sea. Fame and fortune T 22 Unit 2 . Answer: Most questions began with which. ~ 4 Task Ask studen ts to check their answers to the questions in Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing them as a class. I think you're right. That way each student in each group has two question s to ask. I don't think so.. When students are ready. but we Wi tea with milk.. 0 So .o and informally check some of the vocabulary and grammar practiced in the book so far. Remind them 10 double the score for the category for which they played their joker. b .. ! wentta the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. 3 Compare Play the audio for Exercise 3 once and discuss the questions as a class .. that's right. Insist that they speak in English .. A Irs c.. Laura. Encourage lots of talking.. splitting the original pairs that prepared questions together. b -!he Sea of Marmara. Briefly model the activity by pretending to speculate about the answer to the first question. And the Cospian Sea is in Russia.bread... With students. right? o Yes. So maybe frs the Block Sea? C No. 7 Follow up When students are ready. A So. Then ask students to find and underline useful phrases in the audioscript on page 148 of the Student's Book. C Oh.egg. you're right. Allow students two or three minutes to practice. present progressive a quiz The aim of the quiz is to reviev. 2 Prepare Divide students into groups and ask them to read the instructions. right? We can have black tea.. Then have students share their answers as a class. You may wanl to give your students a little advance notice 10 review their lessons before doing the quiz! 1 Warm up Set the scene and generate interest by asking the whole class these questions..the Mediterranean Sea. with a couple of min utes al the end of each category for them to decide on answers that they are unsure of. simple past. laura? A Yes.. nat white tea. tea. 0 Welt lers Iry to work it out. build up a list of these phrases on the board. do we all agree thaI frs the Sea of Marmora? All Yes. read the questions (on page T23). using the phrases in the Useful Language box.meat. d . B Well. We usually use this question word when deciding between alternatives. \10'' __. ~rs put that . I think. Chicken is white meat. At the end of each category.

. 6 Which country's flag does not have red in it? a) Guatemala.. a. take place every . cl Minsk. b) the Greeks. c. b. d Section B 1 Which is correct? If only 1 . a Unit 2 T 23 Fameond fortu ne . 4 Which of these di d the French philosopher Descartes say? al I think. 5 Margaret Thatcher was the leader of which Bri tish political party? a) Republican. d) you work for it. therefore 1 0m. dl She was blond. Its capital is . c.. bl Social Democrat. b. al have more friends. dl will have 2 Someone who was lonely when they were in school might say I wish I . 3 Com plete the sentence: We didn't find it difficu lt to move to the moun/a ins because . c Section C 1 Who starred in the movie The Godfather Part 1'1 al Tom Cru ise. . h) I'm thinking. dl join Answers: a. d) do it J Which of these is incorrect? a) She has brown eyes. bl we are cold. b) white. b) She hod blond hair. c) Chile. c ) you discover it. 3 Where did the actor Russell Crowe grow up? a) New Zea land. c) July 4 1776. a Section D 1 Which of these colors is not in the flag of the U. therefore 1 be. cl we were used to being cold. c) Sbe has dark eyes. b) stop. d. hI Japan . b) ros~. become independent? a) July 4 1789.S. d) white 2 Which oftbese can you not do with money? a) earn it.. d) Cuba Answers: d . dl You lIever borrow my phone. 5 After an accident someone might say If oilly 1 . d. b) Venezuela. cl hod. cl was more friends. al we used to be cold.. d) fivo years. d. bl the USA cl the U. a) realist ic. h) respectable. c) r a t! do borrow my phone. b) Rhodesia.. therefore 1 am . b) Tom Hanks. c. 4 If you found a company. therefore 1 \Vas. d) had been more careful. dlwe wore cold. dl Labor 6 Where was Che Guevara born? al Argentina. c) Johnny Depp. II. dl Bolivia Answers: c. 6 Which ofthese is not a synonym o f quill a) drop out... c} leave. b) three years. d) blue 2 What did Sri Lanka use to be called? al Burma. more money. a) have. a) you start it bl you close it. al Riga. a) had m ore careful. c) red.. c. d. d) Kiev. c) green. c) 1 thought. d) conservative. h) Moscow. h. b) spend it. d) Australia . bl July 5 1 776. 6 Which sentence is not correct? a) She used to have blond hair. b) Sbe bas black eyes. c) had had m ore careful. cl four years. bl am more careful.. d) Ceyloll 3 When did the U. Answers: c. c) make it. d.. c) Bolivia. a. c) East Pakistan. c) pure.? a) red.Quiz questions and answers Section A 1 Which of these does not describe wine? al pink.S. bl had had more friends. c) Conservative.S.. al year. d) the Aztecs 5 Latvia used to be part of the Soviet Union. dl will have lIlore friends. 4 Your friend asks to borrow your cell phone for the fifth time today. d) July 6 1789 4 Which of these people used coins first? al the Lydians. 5 Someone who keeps to the moral and legal standards of society is . c) the Romans.. dl I think. d) Marlon Brando 2 The presidential elections in the U. bl am having. You say: al You 're always borrowing my phone. d) She has gray eyes. c) She was used to having blond hair. a. K. bl You always borrow my phone.

000) a) Guatemala b) Japan c) Chile d) Bolivia 3 ($40.000) a) Argentina b} Venezuela c) Bolivia d) Cuba Section C score =___ (out of $250. If you don't reach '. Check your answers and add up your score (honestly!). d) She was blond.. '789 b) July 5'".000) a) Burma b) Rhodesia c) East Pakistan d) Ceylon 3 ($40.000) a) I think.000) Section B score = _ _ _ (out of $250. therefore I be.0001 But .000) a) you start it b) you close it 'c) you discover it d) you work for it 5 ($5S.~(:) ~(:) (j WAJff T(:) WIN r ~ ~ I 11 C9 im Rules . If you get all the Jestion ~ yOU will win $1. b) She had blond hair. 5 ($55.000.000) a) Tom Cruise b) Tom Hanks c) Johnny Oepp d) Marlon Branda 2 ($30. b) She has black eyes. d) five years.000) a} She has brown eyes. we've made it a bit 'aSler.000) a) July 4· . Section D score = (out of $250.000) a) had more careful b) am more careful c) had had more careful d) had been more careful ($55. At the end of the quiz. English 91'8 r. Look at the categories and choose your joker. therefore I was.($55. S40. b} I'm thinking.000) a) Republican b) Social Democrat c) Conservative d) Labor 6 ($55. But you must choose your category before you start t~:~~uiz. '-. at figure .000. d) Australia 4 ($40.000) a) red b) white c) green d) blue 2 ($30. d) I think. b) three years .000.OOO) a} earn it b) spend C Politics and culture it c) make it d) do it d) She has gray eyes. c} I thought.000) a) You're always borrowing my phone. therefore I am .000) a) year. Then you must agree on an answer in your team. 1776 d) July 6th .000) a) Riga b) Moscow c) Minsk d) Kiev 6 ($55. Geography and history) as your 'oker'" .000) a) the Lydians b} the Greeks c} the Romans d) the Aztecs 5 ($55. b) You always borrow my phone. 1789 4 ($40.000) 6 "-- ""ection A score = q English grammar (out of $250.OOO. Please note: the only prize is $1 .000) a) pink b) rose c) red d) white 2 ($30. c) four years .000) Fame and fortune .this means that you can double the money you w in fo r that ~e category.000. ~ng to the Ie~ of diffi ~ulty.000) a) have more friends b) had had more friends c) was more friends d) will have more friends ~ D Geography and history 1 ($30.000) a) She used to have blond hair. Vi choose ONE of the categories (English vocabulary. Politics and cutture.000) a) New Zealand b) the USA c) the U. 3 ($40. add up your total score to find if you have won a million! A English vocabulary "-. you will hear the answers. At the end of each category..000) "--1 ($30. or $55. c) She has dark eyes "' ($40. therefore I am. You will hear each question twice.000) a) realistic b) respectable c) pure d) conservative a) drop out b) stop c) leave d) join '.($40. c) You do borrow my phone. c} She was used to having blond hair.000) a) have b) am having c) had d) will have 2 ($30.($30 .000) 1 ($30. you lose everything! 4 5 6 Divide into teams of four or five.000. ($55. 2 3 ( '1e aim of the quiz 15 to answer enough questions correctly to w in a f1i11lon dollarsl Each question has a prize of $30. d) You never borrow my phone. Circle the answer.K .000) a) we used to be cold b) we are cold c) we were used to being cold d) we were cold 4 ($40. 1776 c) July 4 th .

loo? Note the spelMng in the negative and question forms: use 10 3 I wish I h a d paid (pay) more attentiorl when I was at school. fact I was used to getting up early when I was at school. work aUin a college ( a company ( a factory ( a school ( a store accept ( turn down a job offer / money Unil2 Fame ond fortune . If 0f'IIy / I wish + simple past for things that U.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 used to + verb 3 Regret s (I wish I lf only) u. 3 My dad sed to smoke was used to smokJng. Question: Did you use to walk home.. -+ I wish we didn't live in a small apartment. . I wish I had more money./ + past perfect: If only I hadn't eaten so much. . We didn't have a vacation last year.. 1 Have you ever made a goodIbad investment? 2 When did you last spend a 101 of money? \>\'hat did you buy? 3 INhen did you last borrow money from a friend ( the bar*? 4 Have you ever won any money? How much? 5 How do you usually pay the check in a restaurant? I'm John wasn't Peler isn't We were 2 School and careers Choose the correct completion. I did.. working hard. We can often use the simple past in place of used to: We used to live by the ocean. 2 We become a partner founctlstatt a company open a factory ( a store work for a company 4 I was used t used to the heat when I lived in Texas. We Irve in a smaI apartment." Subject + be used to used to -. But note that we don'. Of situations in the past that are not true or do nol happen now. = past habit. If only / I wish I used to watch 7V aN day yesterday. use to take the bus. actions. ! No. (can) change my appearance. 1 I used to \eave ( drop out of ( quit college ( school / a team graduate from college/school / ent shopping last Saturday. Actions Situations We used to live by the ocean. then discuss them with your partner. to01 Negative: We didn 't We used to walk to school. COld weather. I used to smoke. -+ 1 wish I hadn't left school at 16.. We form short answers with did: Did you use to see her evety day? Yes. ~ I wish I had a job. I didn't. 00 you have these regrets.. use used to for a single action in the past or for the recent past: Fo.. X We visited the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New YQrl(. I wish you had come to the party. it wasn't a problem. We use be + used to to say that we are or were accustomed to something. but he quit. 4 If onty' I hadn't spent (not spend) SO much money last week! 5 I wish I could 2 be + used to + noun/-ing verb u. The children used to go swimming fM3rY day. We use used to + verb to tal<. Vocabulary Summary 1 M o n ey Common verb-noun combinations concerning make I travel a lOt for my work so I'm used to spending time on planes. Regret about something in the past: We used to visit the Museum of Modem Art once when we were in New York. -+ . wish we had had a vacation last year. )( I watched 7V aD day yesterday." Affirmative: Complete these common regrets with the simple past or the past perfect of the verbs in parentheses. children. Habits we regret or desilJ about the present: I don't have a job. = something that I was accustomed to. about habits. - Fo. / We lived by the ocean. money: money ( an investment earn money ( a (goodIbad) salary spend ( save money lend money (to someone) ( borrow money (from someone) waste money I win money ( lose money pay cash I by credit card ( the check I the fare ( for a ticket Answer these questions." Regret about something in the present: If only / I wish + simple past: If only I knew the answer. en'l used / / didn't use /0 getting up earty. If 0f'IIy / I wish + past perfect for things we regret about the past: I left school at 16. Be careful not to confuse the past form of this w ith used to + verb: I used to get up early when I was at school./ Fo. I wish I had (have) mora time! I'm so busy! 2 If only I hadn't argued (not argue) with my last boyfriendlgirtfriend.ng verb + complement or noun goi1g to bed early.

slill imp ly th a l lhey h. By using the Internet you can make friends from allover the world. d So when will you fin ish? And how about Pau l? Is he still working at that department store? 4 dlange the subject to another topic f 5 ask the reader to respond J do something h 6 thank the reader c life in Germany is a lot of fun now but things weren't so easy at first. Does it tell you anything you didn't mention? A big hug. An... Words are sometimes abbreviated or emoticons (symbols) are used. 1 Is this a formal or informal e-mail? How do o -' L. I'm thinking of coming to the States this summer . Fame and fortune Un1l2 . r Anyway. .. first names. Wi ll you guys be there? Can I come to stay with you for a couple of days? Would be great to see you again . g 3 Replying to an e-mail a How is writing an e-mail different from writing a standard letter? Make notes. Really good to hear from you again. Lots of work to do so gotta go. 1 subject of the e-mail a 2 close the e·mail and say goodbye i 3 give information about the writer e Thanks for your e-mail.. Remember to match your style to [he writer's style.exhausting. abbreviations (Glad to . h Write back and let me know about the summer. informal greeting. Be sure to reply to all the infonnation and questions she asks. wasn't).- _nl. There's usually a short. Some great people in my office and I've made a couple of good friends through the gym where I work out. Terry c Put your knowledge of writing infonnal e-mails to the test.J o Cl. Friends: first names.J.z - C!) Informal e-mails 1 Using e-mail Have you ever had to read or send e-mails in English? Tell your partner about it. ~ luerenl surnames so /p. but that slowly got better. Can you help improve you r partner's message? Informal e-mails are very different in structure from more formal letters. Even though an e-mail is often a more informal way of communication than writing a letter. e-mails in a business environment may be much more formaL And you still need to read over your e-mail before you send it. ~ . talk about your action plan from page :: ~ Di: t: 15 and say what you have done about it.oba bly not related.) ..) 2 What is the relationship between the w rrter and the reader'? Find informaHon in the a-mail to justify your answer..aven't seen each other for a while a sutpl Wx £u1 a Ie&. I wasn't used to the culture or speaking German all day . and met a really nice guy here too! :-} e 7 give a reason for closing the e-mail g 8 say heHo b 9 ask for inforrnaHon from the reader d c Would the order of ideas be the same in your language? Discuss in pairs. Glad to hear your degree is gOing well.. Finally. E-mails often don't use complete sentences. :. Note: You will need to discuss what you have found with a classmate at the end of Unit 3. If you've never sent any e-mailsin English. find out about different cultures and practice your English at the same time! Find out about how to make key pals by usjng a search engine and entering the words key pais + EFL..J > L. Be careful to avoid misunderstandings by using enough words to make your meaning clear. d In pairs. Oh. These people are called "key pals". or sometimes no greeting. . d.rom' ~ TO: ~~ b C you know? Informal : colloquial language (Hi I a big hug / etc. Match these descriptions with the letters in the text. use an English spell checker if you can! PLAN I> Your action plan: making key pals It is possib~ to make friends on the Internet by sending e-mails to one Of two people on a regular basis. I Hi Annie. okay? Take care and say hi to Paul. b Ideas in e-mails are usually organized in some order. ogain/ . :::J 2 Organizing an e-mail a Read the e-mail and answer the questions. ~ has I b Compare your ideas with the advice on the right about writing informal e-mails.San Francisco first week in August. Imagine you are Annie or Paul and write a reply to the e-mail from Terry above. Vllhat do you think would be difficult about writing them in English? ~<J REVIEW Review your actio n plan from Unit 1: using your dictionary In pairs. compare your e-mails.J.

2 Cell phones in everyday life Cellphones have become ve ry co mmon in ou r lives: recent statistics suggest as many as one in three people on the planet now have a cellphone. Cell phones have eased the worries of millions of parents when their teenagers are out late: they can now contact their children at any time. They have made everyday life easier but noisier. h Read th is Internet articl e on cell phones. 1 How did the invention of the telephone change our lives? 2 How have cell phones changed O Uf lives? Muke a list of their ad vantages and di sadvantages. The first commercial ceHphone system was developed by the Japanese in 1979. instant access to the Internet and receiving and send in g photos. someth in g that is becoming a freq uent occu rrence. There have been huge developments in their functions. 3 Cell phoncs and the family Cellphones have made communication easier and have reduced the need for family arguments! We can use cellphones to let our family know we'll be late or if there's a sudden change of plan or an emergency. In the United States.) c Complete tho table with ideas fro m the article. but now the re are countless new facilities. and most of them say they couldn't live without one. except for those times when the kids call because they want a ride home from a late night party! 4 Problems with celillhones This does not mean that cellphones are all good news. w ould you like to have one? Why? I Why not? 2 Can you imagine li fe wit hout cell phones? How wo uld it bo d ifferen t? cellphones the facts 1 The histo ry of the cellphonc Believe it or not. and have you ever seen such huge phone bills? More serious. Th is may be a time bomb waiting to happen to you nger people who have grown up with cellphones that they simply can't live without! GLOSSARY palm the ins ide of the hand a lime bomb something lhat is likely to have a sudden and bad effect in the future ___ Unit3 RU connected? . they also mean you can escape the workplace physically. call forwarding. why do yo u need it? If you do n 't have a cell phone. such as streaming video. answering services and hands-free use for years. they still don't know where their child ren are. Add /l il y other ideas you had in Exercise l a. however. Wri le in the correct paragraph headings. (Be careful : there is one heading too many.when you're traveling. too: we have had caller ID.1 Reading skills a Look althe pictures of phones. cel/phones have been around for over a quarter of a century. Advantages 1 in everyday lifo 2 in the work place 3 for the family 4 other Disadvantages _ they are noisy can call for help on the highway - Cell phones and the family Probloms with cell ph ones Co llphonos at work Cc llphones in everyday life The history of the ce ll phone d In grou ps. but not mentally: with the help of call forwarding the employee is always at the end of the "phone line". Ameritech set up the first system in 1983. They are used in every area of ou r lives and have become a necessary tool. is the potential health problem they bring: there are fears that radiation from t he phones may cause brain tumors. 1 If yo u have a cell phon e. text messaging. However. discuss these questions. Th ey have made it easier to call for help on the highway or warn a colleague that you'll be late. They have made it possible to keep in touch with people "on the move" . The early cellphones were big and heavy but they have developed into small and light palm-sized models. Of course. used for essential arrangements. Answer the (!uestions. but cel/phones have changed a lot since thot time. They have brought with them a number of new headaches for t heir owners: it costs a lot to replace stolen phones. social contact and for business .

Only two slates have banned the use of cellphones while driving ... a lederal police spokesperson. Ask students in pairs or grOlips 10 decide which they think is lhe most important invention and why.iewer And do these countries enforce the laws? Wilson Oh yes..and there is some discussion 01 nationcllfNeI.Interviewer The chances of on occident are four times greatC!' . the cellphone.thers horrifying! Wilson Yes.. . many countries hove banned Ihe use of ceHphones while driving. in the lost few years.-. teo iIieww In the studio is Mike Wilson.. so why not introduce laws on talking on the phone and driving? In fact. leaving plenty of room to add ideas from the text and from the list the class made in tho preceding discussions. but ot:MousIy some drivers use their phones a lot. In Poland.. InfeI . The United Kingdom was one of the most recent. write the Internet. since and for question intonation Reading an Inlernet article Ustening an interview Speaking discussing use of cellphones Write on lhe board: the Internet. Afterwards. the CD player on the board and see if students can predict what the topic of this lesson will be. Answer'S Advantages 2 In tho workplace 3 For the . Thon olicit answers from the class and build up a list of advantages and disadvantages on the board. tumor. time.-..'-..ieYter Do you feel we now hove enough evidence 10 make laws banning the use of a cell phone while driving? Wilson I think we do_ We've got very stricllows on drinking and driving.. the foct is thot the number of accidents fNery year has increased enormously since we started using ceflphones about 25 years ago.. refer students to the Glossary. Wilson. Answers will vary. The evidence suggests that you ore four times more likely to have a crash when using your cell phone while driving . brain.. This text contains a number of compound nouns.-. Ask students to read tho text quickly and match the headings in Exercise lb. Introduce !he topk 1 Reading ski lls Put studellts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 18 brieny. Write the following two lists on the board and ask students to match a word from A to a word from B 10 make a compound noun... A: cell. For Exercise 3 page 27 ~ I. JVSl now dangerous are celtphones? Wilson Well. and the punishments can be very strict. tho employee is always at the end of the phone line Can warn a colleague that you'll he late Fewer family arguments Can let our family know when wo'll be late Parents can contact children at any time family 4 Other Costs a lot to replace stolen phones Huge phone bills Radiation may cause brain tumors Divide the class into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l d . our figures estimate that irs around 85% -that me::lns of course that about 85% of cellphooe 0NnerS use their phaoes at some painl while they're driving. message..---------. ills. IntQrviewer How many drivers do you think aduolty use !heir cellphones while driving? Wilson WeD. Hove them find the compounds in the text and check the meaning of the words. RU connected? T 26 Unit 3 . we understand thol there is now deor evidence !hot the use of cellphooes by drivers increases the risk of traffIC accidents..-. Ask students to copy the table in Exe rcise lc on to a separate pi ece of paper. really. Hove a brief class discussion.-------. text. but there are around 50 countries n<:JW that hove decided 10 make it ~legal 1 use your 0 cellphone <Mlile driving.iewer And what is the situation hC!'e in Ihe Stales? Wilson Not much has happened here. '-- Disadvantages With call forwarding. the CD player. Ask students whot thaI means lanother way 10 write il: Are you connected?1 and what it might mean. Set a time limit of five minutes. write the title RU connecled?on the boord. there ore fines of up 10 a thousond dollars and even imprisonment hlief . phone . Mr. and there are likely 1 0 be a lot more. but we are way behind many othC!' countries... If no answers are forthcoming.. the eel/phone.Objectives Grammar Topic: cell phones Pronuncicmon present perfect simple. lief . for example. Which invention does the class think is the most important? As on alternative.. phone Vocabulary _n B: bomb.New York and New Jersey . line.

. A good Wa. - Students make errors with time markers cnd questions. He/she has to join in."lck to the class. If needed. [n Exercise 4c.t ·· ~ Quick grammar 2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect. We use the present perfect tense to totk about aclioos or stales thol began in the past and ore continuing now. ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3a . Write these on the board. We also use it 10 discuss experiences in our lives and recently completed actions. 3 Listening skills Prepare for the listening exercise by asking the class whal they th ink of using cell phones while driving. modeling the inlonation patterns carefully.- periect Common probktms and errors Mony languages use the simple present 10 refer to a situation thol slarled 01 a given point in the pas! and slill continues. Ask students to ngure out the rules for question intonation in English and com plete the sentences toget her. and similar activities. . but olso listen and toke notes. As students ropeal. How long ~ hove you lived in Rio? Another common error is using the present perfed for a finished even! in the recen t post with a lime marker. move your hand in an upward arc or downward arc to illustrate the in tonation patt ern studen ts should be trying 10 produco. Ask sl ud cnts 10 work in pairs 10 malch/orand sillce 10 the time ex pressions in Exerdse 2b. Do the I1rsl Iwo as a class as examples to get students shuted. Encourage the class to mimic yom hand gestures. ask st udents to work in pairs 10 mark the correct intonation. Ask students 10 choose the correct answer in Exercise 2c and then check in pairs before going through Ihe answers as a class. go over the answers with the class. I·hlvo students work in groups offour to practice the questions in Exerc ise 4d. Ask students to listen for intonation patterns and trace the intonation arrows with their fingers as they hear the questions. since and for I-Iavo students work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise Za about the example sentences in the taxt.. Each group leader has to ask the questions ond prompt other students to express their opinion. / RS'.<e qRisCtefi /unch ten minutes ago. Tell Sludent A in each group he/she is the group [eoder. I've lived in Rio &~fe f9( three years. I #. Allow five minutes for discussion. Answers will vary.e in Rio since 1985. Next. tracing tho intonation patterns they hear. Play the audio again for Exercise 4b. 4 Pronunciation skills: question intonation Play the audio for Exercise 4a . and afterwards ask for a show of hands to sec how many students in class sa id yes to each question. [t is their job to report whotthe group soid to the class at the end of the activity. where English uses the present perfect This frequently causes errors. ~- 5 Speaking skills Divide tho class into grou ps of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise 5. Go around moni1oring and prompting students. guide. Now play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and chock their answers.. play the audio a second lime.j to menage the activity above. Ask Do YO ll think lIsing cel/phones while driving is dangerous? Why? Do yOll tl!ink it should be JxmllCcI? Have students discuss this briel1y with a partner. and then ask a few volunteers to report b. The oudioscript for Track 11 is on page T26 ~ 1 Do you hove 0 cellphone? 2 How long have you hod your cellphone? 3 Do you ever send lext messages? 4 Who do you normally text? Jnit 3 T 27 RU connected? . Sludent B is the secretary. Then ask two or three individuals to repeat. . Pause the recording allor each question and ask Ule whole class to repeat. is to assign "speaking roles: DMde the closs into groups 01 lour. Allerwards.

-i "' dco 7. . 85.(fave ) ~ exi ed or since 1963.used cell phones for ~ ~ -w since the late 1970s...' . or has anyone you know. ask and answer the q uestions in Exercise 4c. 4 ~:S . 6 Peopl4 a ve IIse?J IIsed cellphone® since about 25 years now. The cellphone revolution(fegai'D/ llas begun in tho 1970s. h banned using a ceU one p 50 countries ave 3 aroun d ----while driving.000.----- . a police representative. b Listen to the interview with Mr. In wh-queslions the voice usually goes down. discuss these questions...000 4 drivers in Poland can r~cedtv~ ~ h .. .. In groups. Mark the correct intonation on these examples . 1 11 Have you sent a lext message today? . _ 2 T (l apanes~-ve-u .iP'. 3 In 2003 . 50.. --~=~a Is you r cellphone on now? b Why? I Why not? --.E'a Listen to the intonation in theso questions.. ever had an accident while talking on a cell phone? 3 Do you think the government should also ban the use of cell phones in public places? \Ii' Taiiz and D rive: the facts Resear ch shoWS tha t : . fine of up to 1. Before you listen. Answer the questions.' U hone. onlO f llphones while driving . k of having an aCCident IS _ 1 the n s . Who do you normally text? - ---. e use since with a period of time I~ ~ b tile past. How many peop le in the class said yes to each "a" question? 5 Speaking skills 1 3 Listening skills a You are going to listen to an interview with Mike Wilson.. 1 What tense is the verb in each sentence? jJresent perfect 2 Is the action or situation in each sentence fin ished? no 3 Which sentence focuse s on a sit uation up 10 now? cellphones have been a ro und .2 Grammar review and extension: present perfect.!!IL. Is " ta lk and drive" a danger in your country? Has your government introduccd laws about it? If not.. h dn Vlng IS .. read the fac t sheet below and try to fill in the blanks with these fi gufCs: 2... 1 Do you have a cellphone? 2 How long have you had your cell phone? 3 Do you ever send text messages? 4 -. commercia l ce llphone. about the dangers of talking on a cell phone while driving.~ a poiat in the past. 85 percent. b When did th is happen? 4 ~ . b Who did you send ii1'o'? 2 a Have you paid a cell phone bill recently? 3 a Have you ever felt irritated by-~-cell phones? b How much did you pay? - .... 4 times greater if .. ban against the use 0 ce 5 ~erells a 2 state(s) in the U.. or since if necessary. dollars for p . Listen to the questions and repeat them. shou ld the government ban it? 2 Do you talk on the phone whi le you drive? Have you.. .. 4... since and for 4 Pronunciation skills: quest ion intonation a Look at the parts in italic of the first two sentences in the article. c b Do we use since or for with these time expressions? S F S F Thanksgiving two years last night 25 years F .. h· S . and for 1 .-. 4 Choose the correct words: We use fo r With€·o.. Complete the rules about question intonation bolow. Wi lson and check your answers... d In groups. In yesi llo questions the voice usually goes . 5 Phone ave aever ha never hCld so many feat ufCs as ey 0 a ay.. 1. the driver IS usmg a ce p their cellphone while 2 the number of drivers who use .. S my last bIrthday 1995 c Choose the simple past or present perfect. the British have banned /~he use of cell phones while driving. t h east ten mlllUles t IS mornmg I S . g whIle n vtng. S . tn on y _ RU connected? Unil3 ..

The Internet is rapidly replacing TV as the most popular form of home entertainment. I don't use the Intemet th. c) No problem. and in some cases this has had a negative effect on their work.some research. I use the Internet.. I've never spoken to a stranger online. I could be missing something.--.Netizens Speaking skills a In groups.. '- Unit3 RU connected? ... t hardly spend any time on the c) I only log on when I need the Internet for Intemet. but we still haven't met face-toface. c) No... Are you addicted to the Internet? 1 Which of these is closest to your morning routine? a) I always log on at home.. Is your answer still the same afterwards? b Ask your partner his or her answers to the qlliz. I can always go online tomorrow.. I don't have access to the Intemet. Many people are spending longer amounts of time online. b) Yes. and social lives.. T 4 Have you ever met anyone over the Internet? a) Yes. c) Only occasionally. It's too dangerous..it's simply not safe! bJ I haven't been in a real store in over a year. a) Never. c) I've never tried e-shopping but I think it's a good idea . information. but it doesn 't affect my life.. studies... 1 Have you ever surfed for more than three hours online? When? Why? 2 Has your computer ever gotten a virus from the Internet? When? What happened? 3 Have you ever taken part in a chat room? Who did you "chat" wi th? What abo ut? 4 Have you ever downloaded files from the Internet? What kind of files? 5 Have you ever sent an attachment? What did it contain? Do you receive a lot of attachments? What are they about? b Who is the most "connected" in the group? 1 Vocabulary: the Internet Match the words and phrases with lhe correct definitions. note them down and discuss Ulem...to check my e-mail or to do . If I need to find some a) in real life. I even buy my groceries online.. 3 Where do you do most of your shopping? a) In stores. of course. work out your partner's score and read the analysis. 6 Which of these descriptions is closest to . 7 How do you feel if you haven't checked yo' e-mail or been in a chat room one day? '---"" a) Not good . I have an Internet phobia. So how about you? 00 you have your Internet use under control? Take this quiz and find out. hours looking online. I realize an hour has passed and I am late for wo~ again. discuss these questions. c) I go online most da~.. lots of people. Do you agree? 6 7 8 9 10 Internet addict or Internet phobe?. often anyway. Who is more addicted to the Internet. In fact. Now take the quiz. b) Okay. you? a) I've never been online. 2 I have more friends . b) I spend more and more time online andY don't see my friends very often..... I might spend a couple of b) online. I'd never buy anything over the Net . but for practical purposes .. online " " ~ a spend time online looking through Web sites surf ~ b connected to the Internet a virus c a computer file sent with an e-mail message a chat room d information that you store under a particular name log onloff e move information from the Internet to a computer crash f disconnected from the Internet offline g start/finish using a computer system downloa h when a computer or program stops working suddenly a file a Web site people lise for exchanging messages an attachment a program that enters your computer and damages or destroys information 1 2 3 4 5 3 Reading skills a Do new developments in information technology affect your life? Which of these phrases best describes you? I'm an Internet addict. you or your partner? Look at page 149. I've started dating one of them. c) in real life but I've lost touch with a lot of friends since I started surfing the Net. won'b) Regularly! I usually spend at least two hours a day surfing. 5 How often have you spent three hours or b) I get to work early so I can have some more on the Net? time alone to surf the Net and chat.

Teillhe groups thallhey hove one minute 1 write down all the words connected with this topic they (on thinl: of. oboun. poraphrase the question yourself in terms students will more likely understand . quickl y Rsk for a show of hands from the class to see how many chose each phrase. with. chocking for difficulties in understanding the tex t. At this point. speak to. Ask stu dents to take the quiz indi vidually. hove a volunteer read aloud the questions to the whole claSS.Vocabulary lead-in 3 Readi ng ski lis Elicit the meaning of addictlsomeane who con't stop doing on activity) and phobia Iteatl. or write to friends any longer dote (someane) '" arrange to meet someone that you are aHracted to meet (someone) face-to-face".oy being in a small. lose touch with (friendsl '" not see. hove students WOI'k in small groups to discuss their answers to rhe questions. If needed. She has claustrophobia and does nol en. crowded room. .not on the phone or tnternet VocabukJry - Have students do the tasks in Exercise 3b . in. Elicil their answers and write their list of words Ofllhe board lor if you prefer. see (someone) directly I in the Hesh . students which phrase/s) describe them. and write notes. Write these definitions on the board if students are having trouble understanding the text that uses them. Afterwards. working with the same partner as before. You may also want to review the pronunciation of each of these words wi th students. RU connected? T 28 Unit3 . Then ask Ask students to tal k to a parlner and find out their answers to lhe questions in Exercise 3a . ask a student 10 explain the question or. Divide the closs into groups of lour. After ooe minute ask 0 each group how mony words they thought of. using examples you think students would understand.Objectives Vocabulary the Inlernet Topic: the Internet Reading Writing writing a magazine quiz ·char Write Computers and the In/ernet on the board. Then ask them to d iscuss the questions in groups of four to six. 2 Speaking skills Give students a few minutos to read the questions in Exercise 2a . ask volunteers from each group 10 come up and simulloneously write their lisls on the boordl. After each question is read aloud. If the questions in exercise 2a seem difficult for learners. Circulate among students. think about thoir answers. Write the following phrases on the board: I'm addicted _ I'm obsessed _ using Ihe Inlernel I'm not inleresled_ I'm worried _ Ask students to tell you what the miSSing prepositions are Ithe answers in order: 10. having thom repeat after you. Introduce !he topk 1 Vocabu lary: th e Internet Ask students to work in pairs to match the words and defini tions. if they connot. Examples: He was a drug addiel who bought his narcotics on the slreel. write new vocabulary on t ho board. There are a few words and phrases in the text thot you may wish to check.

Move aro und the room.:ercise 4b. Answers will vary. set the scene by asking a few questions: In an online chat. Before asking students to read the chat in Exercise 4c in pairs.4 Writing skills Ask students to work with a different partner to discuss the questions in Exercise 4a. telephone number. Remind students to chock the Glossary fo r unfamil iar terms. invite your partner /0 0 party ask for help with homework ask about your partners weekend plans talk about football ask about your porlner's family ask about a topic of your choice Have each pair perform one of the above tasks when chaning. Ask Whot are some potential dangers of on online chot? Is it a good idea to share personal informah'on (name. address) with a stranger online? Why? Why nat? Unit 3 T 29 RU connected? .Itemotive Additional acIIYIIy Hold a closs discussion on Internet safety. monitoring and h elping with idoas. what ore handles? What are the handles of the two people chatting? What are they clwtting about? Ask students 10 rewrite the chat in stondard English. Ask students to work in pairs and foll ow the instructions in Exercises 4d and 4e. Then ask students in pairs to match the techniques and examples in fu. Write the following list either on the board or on individual cords Ihat you con hand out to pairs at random. Ask students if they can give you examples or lhe kind of abbreviations and language they use in their own language when texting or chatting online . You could provide some 'framework' for the choning by giving each pair a lask to perform. -.

Can you understand it? (Usc the glossary to help you if necessary.) Try reading the dialogue aloud with a partner. shd = should Ie = I see I I understand btw "" By the way n U :: And you? bfn = Bye for nolV ttyl = Talk to you later '-- d You arc going to "chat" with your partner. 101 = laughing out loud ru ok= Are you ok? 2day = today cld = could.:-:============~~~:::::::::::. then probably sleep in afternoon Angel with a halo says: 101 Dancing and singing says: n u Angel with a halo says: shopping! Dancing and singing says: (0_0) u shd be studying Angel with 0 halo soys: yeah 101 gotto go ttyl Dancing and singing says: yep bfn :) Angel with a halo says : cu 18r bye :* Emoticons :_0 = scared :( :: worried. 2 Choose your "handle". 1 Find a piece of blank paper. Follow these steps. 6 Continue chatting untit you decide to stop . answer these ques tions.studying Angel with a halo soys: what 4 Dancing a nd singing says: exam in 2 weeks Angel with a halo says : :( Dancing and singing says: oh yeah! Btw u going 2 j's party fri Angel with a halo says: no gotta study :-< Doncing and singing says::( u looking forward 2 weekend? Angel with a ha lo says: sure what u doing? Doncing ond singing says: football gome sal.::::= c Read this chat between two friends ._ 3 abbreviations 4 'bil C U ellips is (leaving out unnecessary words) ~ gonna buy a c diane can you come saturday d :-) (a smile) e have to go . and chatters use d ifferent techniques to talk online. Match the techniques on the left with the exam p les of chat. 1 What do you know about chatting online? 2 Do you have any "online" friends? Have you ever wrillen to a stranger onli ne who has become a friend? b Chatters normally have n icknames.-) = a wink :-< = sad Abbrevi ations cu lar : See you later. Change anythi ng that you wanl to and then pass the paper to another pair. (See Exercise 4b. no! (0_0) = shocked :* = a kiss . 1nol much punctuation g~ 2 informallangU~~' :~===~.) 3 Write your handle and your fi rst comment. Chat is like a mixture of speaki ng and writing. 5 Write your handle and the next comment on the piece of paper you now have and pass it back to your partner. 4 Pass the paper to your partner. or really thinking :-):: a smite . which they call ·'handles". Can they understand your conversation? RU conne<:ted? Unit 3 . annoyed. GLOSSARY From: To: Angel with a halo says: how r u Dancing and singing sa ys: im good u Angel with a halo says: good 2 what u been up 2 Dancing and singing says: not much .-0'" Dh . Use the glossary to help you and remember to use abbreviations and ellipsis..talk later f cool ! wicked! lSr 5 slang 6 emoticons -. e Look at your cha\.::~2 :::::::=:--.'V 4 Writing skills VVV V a in pairs..

qUIckly. Liz Barry and Bill Wetzel have just settled into 5 two chairs against a wall. after a year.It is evening rush hour in the Times Square su bway station . for the n ext two hours.col/Phones.0 s s workill g On the B.12) > > RU connected? . in chal Pportunilics 10 to do you think tha t la':ket~~I~I~o~~lain Ihal 'hC~::IO~~~~ ~~I y Jsa 10 talk 1o Ihompisls. boYfriend/girlfriend P wah your 2 You are havin . 0 do yo u talk lo? OUr SCi ence BIl'S. Y leve it is tome "Taking a little time to talk to someone you've never met can change you Jorever. els of New Y ork. Dozens 10 of them. 2 .Talk 1 Speaking skills a lnp' iscuss these si'uati 1 You 've just broken II . She hasn't gotten over it yet and sh e wants to talk. . J v: . Who do yo u taU: to? class Wh 8 problems with y ." Barry and Wetzel came to New York only a year ago.I/ and Liz talk I try 10 help them s~l~eobl~ all tlie streets and J BilJ and Liz e t Cu problems en courage . Who d o YOn b In OUr soc' lalk Jely we have a 101 of 0 peo I on . near tears. but it's unlikely to be something as original as their "Talk to me" project! GLOSSARY frant ic busy. hurried hectic busy fu ll f d ' 0 actIVity ozens a la~e number ( one dozen . have discovered mat talking is highly therapeutic for New Yorkers.c 1 BilJ and Liz arc strc psycholnoi I . Before them is a sign that reads. ~~. A young woman with purple hair. Barry and Wetzel figure that now. on Ihe street bOJ"o ~ people to talk to th ~LO. Two 17year-Qld girls talk about their science class.". They still h aven't decided what to d o n ext. . They have walked the streets and avenues. p eople do. Ons.Liz Barry NEWYORK (AP) . " Taking a little rime 25 o ut from a busy schedule to talk to someone you've never met can change your wh ole outlook forever. Y problems. Liz and Bill. A middleaged man gives his 15 views on politics. Choose Uw best talk lo? au have m OIi C . in their 20s. "TALK TO ME. d 2 Reading skills a Road the artic/e Summary. 20 in large white letters. but they have already h eard m ou sands of stories like these." Liz Barry says. Amazingly.perhaps the most frantic time of day at the most hectic place in the busiest dry in the country. set up their sign and listened. use the be. has recently broken up with her parm er.> em th erapeulic. is a good 30 time to Stop.

but we have been insulted by drunks. Suggested list: starling a conversation with strangers 01 a party or in a club. settle into. Answers will vary. Interviewer One final question. we're very lucl:. of course Uz Some people find It very difficult to listen. We've tried 1 explain. they think we're cops or researchers or weirdos or something . She's become an old friend. skill? Uz Yeah. asking for help on the street . For Exercise 4 on page 31 ~ tnterviewer So. we've already had a little hassle from the cops. In whol situations do we tolk 10 people we don't knoW? On the boord.y. Uz And we've mode a lot of friends. the way they date. "What are you doingr and I say. RU connected? T 30 Unil3 . Answer: Summary 3 The text contains a few phrasal verbs that you may wish to check. We hod same money to start with. we've learned a lot about the way people work. they way they've grown up and settled down.Objectives Grammar Topic: falking fa people Vocabulary verbs of talking Reading a newspaper article Ustening a discussion Speaking discussing problems adverbs used with the present perfect Write on the board folking to strangers. How have you been able to do this financially? Bill Well. Introduce the topic Ask Is it easy for you fa talk to strangers? Why? Why nof? •• 1 Speaking skills Ask students to discuss the situation s and questions in Exercises 1a and lb in pairs. though that's all gone now. sure. Interviewer So what have you learned from Talk to Me? Bill Well.: get comfortable in (a chair) break up = end 0 relationship get over". thors right. they say. but we haven't had any serious problems . Ask students. so we manage. to each other and to 0 listen. buying something in a store. "' could stand here and loll:. uh . Remind students to check the Glossary fo r any unfamiliar vocabulary. Bill. our shaes have even been stolenl Interviewer Really? Uz Yeah. you remember Estela. Bill No. build up a IIsl of their answers.not yet. I simply ask them "how's your day?" tnterviewer And how do they react? Bill Well. People don't understand us at first. start to feel happy again set up = put in position Vocabulary 13~------------------------------------------------------. Yeah. 2 Reading skills Ask students to read the article and choose the best summary. Interviewer Yeah.eep doing this. really. dealing with customers 01 work. Afler 45 minutes he said. how do you get people to talk? Bill Well. but some people still hoven" learned to just toll:. she's been to see us three times already. "rm just being friendly"" and then we talk. all day: Interviewer Have you ever had any hassle from the police? Uz Yeah. Ihe oclor.asking for directions. Bill rye just spoken to a guy about how difficull it is to find work in New York... Bill Yeah. they might tell us to move on.. Infefviewer So you think listening is on important . that's right. anyway. But there's a very nice lady we know who gives us a little money to I:.

the adverb may be ploced between have and the main verb or at the end of the sentence. is subtle: Yet is "positive" . in the present perfect. Ask the question in Exercise 4d to the whole class and elicit answers briefly. OR I have done if already.it means "' expect this 1 happen in the fu ture: 0 Still is "negative" . Briefly go over the answers with the whole class. Checking meaning As an alternative to translation. Go around the class and help. and then look astounded Ask students to do Exercise sb in pairs. Elicit feedback from the class to make sure students understand all the words. honds on hips.Let students decide on their answers to the questions in Exercise 2b in pairs before discussing them as a class. 3 Grammar: adverbs used with the present perfect For Exercise 3a . Quick grammar guide: adverbs The key point is where the adverb goes in the sentence. Concentrate on the differences in form between the two words. do the first as an example: Ask students to find them in line 5. Play the audio a second time for Exercise 4c. Then point out that it is a pronoun that refers to the words Liz Bany Qlld Bill Wetzel in the previous line and that it is used because the writer does not want to repeat the people's names. with the present perfect The two English words still and yet present a prablem as they are often expressed by only one word in other languages. Encourage the listeners to keep quiet while their partners speak. try miming the words ond having studenls guess. as in these examples: I have already done il. or say in their own words. and focus on understanding and rememhering what the speaker said. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise z d in small groups.it means "This should have happened by now: Common problems and enors Students put the adverbs in the wrong position in the sentence. II's more fun! For example: complain = briefly oct out person complaining in Q store argument = move to and fro. Encourage the listeners to paraphrase. I ~ hove finished. Then ask students to write their own sentences and read them aloud to a new partner. Ask students to liston and compare their predicted answers to the actual answers. 5 Vocabulary: talk Ask students to try to explain the words in italics in Exerc ise Sa to each other first. ~I have finished. already) Which adverb can go between have and the past participle or at the end ofthe sentence? (recently) Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 3b. Answers will vary. and then ask them these check questions to make sure they are clear about the form rules: Which word goes at the end of interrogative and negative sentences? (yet) Which adverb is only used in negative sentences? (still) Which adverbs go between have and the past participle? (just. Set up Exer cise 3d by modeling two or three sentences about yourself. and then ask them 10 read the questions in Exercise 4a and predict the answers. help students find and underline the adverbs. Then ask the groups to discuss the questions. 4 Lead in Listening skills Set the scene by reminding students oboulliz and Bill. Typically. Unit 3 T 31 RU connected? . pretending to be two people arguing gossip = pretend to whisper in someone's ear. Point to the pictures on page 30 and ask Wha! are they doing? Why? Put students in pairs. The oudioscript for Track 13 is on poge T30 Pi. The difference in use. Ask students to check the things that have happened to Liz and Bill. This is not intended to be a conversation between the two partners but rather Speaker A and Listener B. what their partner communicated. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. Answers will vary. Before asking students to do Exercise 2c in pairs.

!:!!!. still. 5 I've recently .. who with and when? b Good communication is not only about speaking. very soon before the moment of speaking. 4 Listening skills 1 What impression does the writer give of New a You are going to listen to an interview with Liz Yorl:: in the evening rush hour? It is very busy.. yet..." 5 "Have you seen Mary at all?" "Mary? Yes. d Discuss these questions. . Are you a good listener? Try this activity. what would you talk about? d Why do you think "Talk to Mo" is popular in New York? Suggested answers: New York is a busy.) Student A: How good a Iistenor was your partner? When you have fin ished. you? 7 Do you ever gOSSip? If so. Find these words in the article. middle-aged men 1 How do you get peop le to talk? 3 How do we know that New Yorkers like talking? Z How do people react when you invite them to They have heard "thousands of stories. a The action happened in the immediate past. there a re a lot of lone ly people." do next 5 They've made some fr iends . 3 Grammar: adverbs used with th e present perfect a Find these adverbs in the article: just. (You don't have to use exactly the sarno words. . prepare to talk for exact ly one minute. RU connected? Unil3 . bu t listening." "It's okay. d Complete the sentences to make true statements about yourself. and tben repeat what Student A said. 5 How have you boon able to do Ihis fina ncially? 5 Do you think that Liz and Bill have gotten any benefits from their project? ~ b Listen to the interview and compare your answers with Liz and Dill's. 1 " Have you finished your homewerk ~?" "I haven't even started it ~ !" 2 1 can't talk now. Student A: Choose a topic from 1-7 above. recently e The action has happened. 4 I've already . perhaps before expected. In a big ci ty. New Yorkers are ramous fo r heing talkative. ['ve already done it.. 5 Vocabulary: talk a In groups." up with her partner 2 They've had sorious problems with the police.iI's good to talk. already c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 34." talk to you? 4 Why have Liz and Bill encouraged people to 3 Have you had any trouble with the police? stop and talk to them? They believe that it can 4 What lessons has "Talk to Me" taught you? c h a nge I. Answer the questions. Wh ich of these things have to? happened to Liz Bnd Dill? 1 them (line 5) and BJL it (line 17) breaking 1 They've spokcn to someone without a job . . What do they refer ~ c Listen agBin.teenagers.. already. 3 I've just . finished cooking dinner and we're about to eaL 3 "Any luck with work?" "No. Life is stressfu l in a big ci ty .. why don'.. Student B talks for one minute. then discuss the questions. yet. . what made you shout? 4 Do you know anyone who boasts a lot"! Who are they and why do you think they noed to boast? 5 How do you persuade people to agree w ith you? 6 Do you ever discuss problems with your parents? If so." 6 They've made a lot of money. Student B: Listen. what kind of tbings do you talk about? If not." b Match the adverbs in Exorcise 3a with their meanings. . 4 "['II feed tho dog bofore we go out. Then compare with a partner. she's stayed with us a few times recentlv . reverse your roles. Z I haven't . just b The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future. 4 • 1 z How would people where you live react to "Talk to Me"? Would you stop and talk to Liz and Bill? Why? I Why not? If you did stop. 2 do (line 9) tnlk to them 5 these (line 20) stories J They've insultod someone who was drun k.it is therapeutic. 1 Have you ever complained about anything? If so.coplo·s outlook . I still haveu 't found n joh. (used with questions and negatives) yet c The action has not happened up to now but will probably happen in the future.~ '-- b Read the article again. recenliy. Bill? All typos .. non-s top city 80 people nonna lly have no time to ta lk. check the meaning of the expressions in italic.. I've J. wi/hollt interrupting. Note the way they are used and complete each sentence below with one of them. and doesn't need to be repeated. what? Z Have you /rad an argument with anyone recently? What was it about? 3 Have you shouted at nnybody this week? If so. and Bill. 3 them {line 10) people 6 it (line 30) what they 4 Someone has robbod them . Imagine you are Liz or Bill and answer 2 What type of people stop and talk to Liz and the interviewer's questions. too. 1 I still haven't . (used only with negative scntences in the present perfect) still d The act ion or actions happened not long ago..

bound to fail it. If only I'd worked more on my listeningl I miss Pilar.bbc. musicians.1 Warm up a Tho World Wide Web has created a lot of weird and wonderfu l things.ca.npr.u kLmusi elJ iste n lots of online music from classical to jazz. ' Here you will see the funniest jokes and pictures from around the world. 2 A software program that finds and dis plays pages from the Internet is a Web browser.G . 7 8 9 10 11 12 across the screen is the scroll bar . Questions that Int ernet users frequcntly ask are called FADs o http:)/www. G http ~/ www. painters. organ ization. 3 A con nection between one Internet file and anoth er is (I link 4 The row of small pictures on the screen that you click on 10 perform particular acti ons is tho Icoluor . D I haven't done any studying for the reading comprehension test yet.000 links to humor Of every kind. including new vocabulary.bbe. B. A. cartoonists. How good is your Web vocabulary? Match the definitions below with the words in the box. A pago or document that you can read on a Web site is a Web paee . "m E D c Unit 3 R conneded? U . I failed my English test.updated each month -from the online magazine from Macmillan. anestapenglish_(om Here you will find listening activities .com / Hilarious site bringing together over 7.an excellent source of authentic English. elc. from blues to rap. philosophers. from American comedy to Australian cartoons. is a Web site . c httgJJwww. Each story has a range of activities focusing on_ comprehension and vocabulary.(a.liter!!nmet. they're my favorite rock band and I wish I could find more of their music. I just bought the new CD by The Darkness. scientists and writers. or (j B http://www. A page in a magazine that gives you information about Web si tes is a Web Kuide . She always cheered me up with her jokes.humorlinks. I wish she was here. mostly of the multiplechoice variety. political activists. Over 50 news stories categorized under headings such as crime. You can listen to radio programs or select a range of special features . b Read the Web gu ide on the right and recommend ono or more sites for the people below. I wish I knew more aboul Johnny Depp! I haven 'I read anything about him for ages. E http :lJwww. home-page URL Web page scroll bar 1 Tho plnco on the Internet that appears first on your com puter is your home page. down.orz lennsf I F antastic site from CNN. The un ique address of a computer or a document on the Internet is called a URL A place on the Internet wherc you find information about a particular subject. environment and adventure. A small pict ure on a computer screen that opens a program or performs an action is an icon A program that looks for information from many different Web pages is a search engjne .org/ NPR is an American radio network with an extensive audio archive .ukLbbcfau rL audiainterviewsL Hundreds of faScinating interviews with famous people from every walk of life: actors. 5 Tho long narrow line at the edge of the screen usod for movi ng information up. icon link FAQs Web guide toolbar Weh site Web browser search engi ne This week's Webguide~ A http :Lwww.

Note the pronunciation: icon t alkonl FAQs fef el 'kjuzl t . and then let them check with a partner before going through the answers as a class. Read a loud the quotations by the people in Exercise lb. When was the World Wide Web invented? How often do you use the Web? Whafdo you use it for? What is the most useful function of/he Web? 00 you have a home page? What's on if? Introduce the topic 1 Warm lip Ask students to match the words and definitions in Exercise la . used to a Web guide do. Then ask students to skim the web gu ide all page 32 to find useful sites for the speakers.. CJ Pronunciation guide URl/jual'el1 scrotl Iskroull Write on the board: Click on Find Choose Search Extension activity Then tell students that you have switched your computer on and you ore on your home page. but you wont to go on the World Wide Web to find out exactly how old the Earth is..Objectives Topic: the World Wide Web Writing Grammar Reading simple past. cheer (someone) up 0: make someone happy I'm bound 10 . Ask students to give you instructions 10 find Ihe information you wonl. be used to doing. You may wont to check some of the difficult vocabulary items from the text and review their pronunciation. 0: Vocabulary irs almosl certain 10 happen 10 me exlensive == very large archive = collection or store hilarious = very funny RU connected? T 32 Unit 3 . using the verbs on the board and computer words from exercise l a. I wish / if only a lecture Ustening a lecture Speaking designing a Web site Ask students a few questions about the Web to introduce the topic.. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing them with the whole class.

. A sk students 10 listen and say w hat points fro m exerci se 4c are m en t ion ed. tmpartant navigation features are the toolbor. build up a list on the bo ard of features o f a good Web site. a site mop. and inviting. Now ore there any questions so for? Unit 3 T 33 RU connected? . T h ro ugh out Exer cise 4. "I wish Web sites were simple and easy to follow. Second. up-to-date information.. and not too technical: and "I need to get the information I wont as quickly as possible.with too many different secti ons ~ the page should look open. incl udi ng ani m ated pop-u ps \? @ t t .il is his/her job 1 make notes of all decisions and 10 report the ideas to Ihe class. you want accurate. so I like Web sites that have very clear links ond site mops: Well. let"s begin. You want a fast download time. and you easily get lost or waste time. the content: is the content rel iable? This is a key point because there·s a 101 of garbage out there in cyberspace. but even good content can be unreliable because it con go out of dole very quickly. T h en h ave th e class vote on th e b es t Web site. accessible. n a. an d th en present i t to the class i n a fu lure lesson. so the site should indicate very carefully and clearly exactly what is there_ The third point has to do with navigoti on. 5 Compare Pl ay the aud i o for Exercise 5. and links to other relevant pages. Ask stud en ts 10 com p l ete th e Jist i n Exer cise 6a and th e table in Exer cise 6b . Repeat th e audio for Exerci se 5. but don·t use too many pictures or the download time will be too slow. With the Internet. A n sw ers (extra points m enti oned on audio) reliabl e. up-to-date conlent shows clearl y wha t is on Web site usable. 0 3 Prepare En courage each grou p to m ak e revi si on s to th ei r home page after comparing it to th e h ome page i n th e unit. if you wont your Web site to be easy to use.he/she has to ask the questions and make sure everybody contributes. I mean how we move around the site from page to poge. Today we're going to look at Web sites again. I'm going to give you the basic points so you can go ahead and design a usable ond attractive Web site. We'll assume thai you don't write garbage. Many people I've spoken to obout Web design soy things like. Also. Ask stud en ts to write d own an y ex tra point s men ti oned i n th e lecture to add 10 th e cl ass list on th e b oard. t T • 4 Feedbac k Ask one stud ent from each group to present thei r gro up's Web si te i deas . trans p aren t navi gati on uncl uttere d d esign wit h clear text and good u se o f p ictures n ot to o m an y c ol ors or 100 many pic tures free of adverti sing. in this talk. the page shouldn't be cluttered . so you don'l wont to use 100 many different colors. Group organization Before doing the lask give each person in the group 0 role: Student A == group leader . what about design? Are colors used to good effect? You often find colors make it more difficult to follow the site map. reliable.2 Task D iv i de stud ents into groups of four. can the user tell what the Web site is about? You see.. A sk st ud ents to p rin t ou t their favo rite home p age. By navigati on. 6 Not ice Play th e audi o fo r exercise 5 again . people need to know if the site is relevonlto them. I~ Okay. and then go over the instruc ti on s in Exercise 2 with the cl ass. Design includes clear text and good use of pictures. 7 Foll ow u p T hi s work s w ell as a homewor k task. Fourth. So. ask yourself the following five questions: First of all. lost week we looked at Web sites fram a designer's point of view. taking into aC(Qunt the needs of the surfer. but from the point of view of the user. how usable and transparent it is. Finally. .it is their job 10 think of interesting and unusual ideas_ Studenl D '" group secrelary .. Students Band C = the "ideas" guys . the site should be as free as possible of odverti sing ~ this is another form of garbage that the user doesn't want to see popping up atl the time and gening in the way of the information you real ly need. Now. so you don't gel lost and waste time trying to work out where to go nex\.

09. Fourth .04 KSC Cleans Up After Frances 09.. inviting.04 Cassini t=inds New 2 Task You are going to enter a competition to create a Web b As a class.01...09. sito for your class. a Choose a home page from a site you like and print it out.03.~ h Look at the home page from a Web site at the top Yet.Out Powwow + Read More + Read More + Photo Gallery 09..~~ .. science. The third point . 10 I!ASA + For Students FIND IT C NASA ' + AO'IANCED SEAJICIl _ 1:: . and your group will have to c Make a class list of the features that a good Web design tho home page of the site. RU connected? .NA TIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMI NISTRATIO N + ABOlTT NASA -+ For Kids + NEWS & EVEHTS + MUlnM~DIA -+ POPUlAR TOPICS IF IT'S NOT SAFE. finally. on your list from Exercise 4c does the speaker 1 Who is the Web sile for? What are their interests? mention? 2 What "'ill the Web site contain? (Articles on ~ b Listen again and add any points the speaker things such as sports.. up-ta-dato Content of this page...olLe accurate.. Which points and then design the home page. Do you wan t to make any revisions to your Web site? 3 7 Follow up 4 Feedback a Present your idea for the Web site to the class and explain your home page. music." WOfy . . present the concept of tho Web site and the home page to the class and they will vote on the one they 5 Co mpare like the most.'0 . discuss these points @ a Listen to a lecture on Web desig n .. Second . points? Design accessible.. Check how many of your poin ts are usable.". tips for mentions which are not on your class list.04 Station Spacewa lk Successful 09. ~ a Listen again. photos. In your groups. You will need to site should have. favorite Web si tes and make a list of the five most First of all.04 Station Crew to Join Far. SAY 501 Rofgl. rest of the class. Can you add any other not cluttored ... How does the speaker list her 4 What makes a good Web site? Think of your points? Complete this list. b Present it to the res t of the class.04 l atest on Genesis Probe + Read More .09. 5 Put your ideas into action . Web site . .09. and links. -"-<' . opon. . vote on the best Web site.design the home page! b Notice how the speaker identifies the good points in Web sites. important things a good Web site should have. Make notes on what is good about it and what could be improved. Complete the table with positive Prepare adiectives and phrases about good Web design. a You are going to report your group's ideas to the Listen to the lecture again if necessary. List the main points about your Web site. etc. HUMANS IN SPACf . View Video EXPlORIPlG lliE UNIVERSE 09. clear c Now go back to your list of poin ts. trarll>pareut Navigation covered by this site. learning Engl ish: help with homework?) 3 What will appear on the home page? Think about 6 Noti ce text..

6 Fran neyer went skiing but she hopes to go next year. 2 Adverbs used with the present perfect just ...to say somethlng has happened n the recent past I've been to the movies 8 101 recent.. I p ersuaded Sam to come with u s on va cation :--' 2 We disagreed strongly about politics. link FAo. womod. My sister has just Question: Have you ever been to New Itlrlc? Has she bought a used car? Negative: No.for very recent actiorls complain about someone We complained about t. ..Jd I discuss my amuar-' raise with yoo Icx:iay? 1 I gave Sam alilhe reasons why he should come with us on vacatior. • Recent actions or actions that we expect to do: I'vEI just had some coffee (a few nToutes ago).. Can I go naN? yet . Fann We form the present per1ecl with the auxiliary verb have + a past participle.ment with iT'" someone about something brother about his friend~ ~ persuade " " '. 3 I told everyone in the room about how I won the competition. With this use of the present perfect. more information. I boasted ahout huw I won the competition .... I wetJI there last year. Fran has I never been .-l> 3 Have you seen the new James Bond film stilt? James Bond film yo>t? 4 Louisa has recently made a lOt 01 new friends. recently . beErI. since . Check the correct sentences and correct the wrong ones. and check th E" meanings in Lessons 2 and 4 1 a dictionary if you need to.ing in the p-esent: Jack has worked for Ford since 1975. ever . the sinpIe past is often used n sentences >Mthjust and aIra:Kfy: J attachment icon link FAOs Web guide loolbar Web site Web bro~ search engine homepage chat room crash download file go online 1 offline log on 1 log off scroll bar surf virus Web page Computers The Internet ~ Both <>a.. about th e hotel room. Vocabulary Summary 1 IT and Internet words Look at the IT words and expressions in the box. the sentences using a word from the table. PAST 1975 PRESENT tI Jack Slant W()(king for Ford... I ahJady fed the cat.to ask whether an action has been done (Y to sat that an expected actiOn has not been done (question and negative form 00y) Have )OU called your mother yet? No. u.. done. He's j ust gon e out. No. and he agreed. in the simple past tense: I've been to Chile.ten we expect it to be done (negative form oriy) We sill hav&l't heard from our daughter il AusttaJia.. Affirmative: "ve been bought 8 car. I've aJroody fed the cat (so you don'... ror two years. we're have an arglJ'TlElflt with I had an 8rg. We haven't met Anna 's new boyfriend yet (but we expect to)... we often go on to add ~. •• . tI To tal< about actions or states n the past but thai have some effect in the present.. she hasn't bought a used car... . "--' Okay. but I've never been to Argentina. discuss discuss something (with wmeone) Co. 2 Don't wait for Janes.for actions completed earlier than expected I've already flf'lished aI the questOOs. Unil3 RU connecled? . used for periods of time We've had these dogs for five years. Word or phrase Useful phrases complain have an argument shout at boast Example been there. Jack works for Ford • Experiences that we have had in our lives (at an unspecifIed time) and that we may have again: I've been to Chile. Note: In informal American English.to sat that an actoo has not been done.to state how k)ng an action has been in progress..to ask atxxJt experieoces that have happened at least once up to now (question form onty) Have you ever been fa London? for . We had an argument about pol i tics.. usually with a specifIC time reference. used for a particular point n time I haven't seen Simon since Monday. We've just cJeaned the catpet. We tOOk an amazing cruise down the Pacific coast..'A tool bar Iile <= homepage chat roo m go OIlIineloffii oe surr web p age download "--' v irus log on I log 01T I just had some coffee. and add more words of your own.. write them into the correct column in the table...nan a continuing action started. In fact.. ..to state. Pfease take your shoes off.... I haven 't 2 Words connected with talking Look at th e meaning o f these words in Lesson 31 a dictionary. or something meal to the manager. 1 The President has never been overseas. Whi ch word from the table describes the situations below? Rewrr. web guide web site web browser search engine scroll bar to New York twice. bought. already . Th en . need to do it). w e went to one last w eek .LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect \ Five of these sentences are incorrect. e. 100.. gNetl. v.. 8 We've been to a concert in the new auditoriun. He's just went out. yoo'vs persuaded me to come this Karen gossips about everyt>ody so don't tetl her any secrets! someone to do SCltTlElt!Ylg gossip about someone evennr' '--' gossip ge""... 7 Kevin and Jackie have just had their third child..y. too.. I haVen't called her yet because the phone isn't working/ s till . 4 Did Amanda tell you all about Mary's new boyfriend? Did Amanda gossip about Mary's n ew bo yfri end? 5 Iwas unhappy about the hotel room and I told the manager. tI «I 5 We haven't been to a good party since two years.._ 1 persuade someone that shout at someone boast about something (to someone) Don't shout at the call Simon's always boasting about his expensive sports car. we've been 1(' one last week..g. The errors can be in the present perfect itself or in the use of the adverb. • Actions Of stales that began in the past but thai are contn..

2 Every time I come across a new word.. disagreement: ::J >- o o Prefix Root 1 misunderstanding mi s under stan d discipline p l ace h app y cycl e Suffix in s 0."i! aImt Ik 2 ~""'"9 f=m .e_n k_:' M 2 The word agree is the base word or root. 4 Applying what you've looked at a Read this text and decide which underlined words or phrases are important to understand the text. your brains for half an hour or so? de"".s aL-ways Ie as ""II as /k5l' flf . talk about your action plan from page 25. look at the sentence and answer the questions. 4 I try to figure Qut the meaning from the context. ~7-l'ea.. b Discuss your answers w ith your class or group.e:dUes m '!5fI $. rfly Jir1c . meaning. In pairs. 2 undisciplined 3 replacement 4 unhappiness un .. The cratty choodle departed on time for a change.d m en t n ess able Ull . Then try to guess more or less what the important words or phrases mean. so it's a tool for cutting down trees. ccmp!eJ:e kgtn-ney and /lad fuui 1 ku. can I pick.l cWftad/.dpfu1ty s. 1 The man used a sharp ax to chop the tree down.s J? 2 What kind of word is chood/e? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence.J L.. n felt salisfied critical her wo . Did yCXJ search for information on key pals? Have you made a key pal? In pairs.U o c Choose the correct word in italic. b Discuss your answers with the ctass. 2 Happy / have t 3 critici~ We know it's sharp..ud..e !uui ?Ole ~. the noun made of three parts: prefix root disagreement is suffix ~~~ 1 The prefix dis... etc.. and it's a tool.I:!.r enCe:red /:he. verb. 1 Careful reference /<§i&encW is€sent~/ essentially in a research paper. c:tu. know something. If it isn't. and title. J cd-ml} pd up ""iI hand and <n [nglsh askd ~ -new teaJ:hey. 1 Note the page reference. and adjectives to create the opposite. 3 Write a short explanation of how you figured out the meaning.. 0 u appines is a quality that we don·t all misfortune to enjoy. Tis:hJe:... !:.n. I ignore it and carry on.). For example. analyze these words in the same way as complete the table and say what they all mean.J was a!mud a.. TiS:hJe:. usually negative. 2 First of all. use the context to guess the meaning of the words in italic. Use a dictionary if necessary. I stop reading because the text is too high for my level..i /k. the meaning..sm:m.1im< ¥ .w. to discover what it means.snt1... 3 Using structural clues to figure out meaning a You can also use information about the type of word (adjective.errnan Ms= 'Whd lund q: chaxiIe. type of text. 3 What kind of word is cratty? Write three words that could replace it in the sentence.. you figured Note: You will need to show these notes to a dassmate at the end of Unit 4. .ded fJU1 a ~y a'Yl:u:le awi f. fiau.. I ask myself if the word is important in order to understand the text.an.Z C> Z 01:: Figuring out meaning 1 Dealing with new words when reading a Read these strategies and check the ones that you have used when reading.. like a knife. Jane. a k1t of destrue Unemployed is causing 4 Hey. 1 If I don'.r th. ~ in a dictiOnary or ask my teacher. f<. nouns. "The »O"»u2n h.. important new you learn from the reading texts. 2 Ust phrases.qr. ~ :sr~that her bOss sa estruetio workers.a!e a<m""... 1 Write as many quesHons as you can about the nonsense words cratty and choodle. . I have to give this presentation next week and I know that you're really goocI at that kind of thing. ~ . etc.uuh alL r.. 3 The suffix -ment indicates that the word is a noun.an 7 ~ wi my fuw m dest&Yl1Pon. "ltdL the I:e:xl.3 . I reach for the dictionary. b You can also use word formation to discover what a word means.a1he. ACTION PLAN [> out the meaning of new words Your action plan: figuring words During your next few English lessons make a list of arr. I immediately look it up ~<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan from Unit 2: Making key pals In pairs. new words."""Y ""iI h-r1c fo-maL f=m. > L. ?!74uer fl!l!t nach 1& ilM".g:so.wnung JlA.se4 high!¢< allik ~-11" <M nd 7M 1m "»as 5 /umcti. noun.he I:J1e afon.is used with some verbs. He refuses to buy a cell phone and won't use the copy machine.U 5 recyclable 2 Using contextual clues to figure out m eaning In pairs. Discuss the c lues you used to discover . 3 If there are a lot of words or phrases I don't know. RU connected? Unit3 . out and their meanings.r. »a. 4 The earthquake wa SIron strongly enough to 3 Pete's a real technophobe.

Could you turn it off. 5 Are you used 10 Ij Y in ~ • e Match the problems with the wishes and regrets. I wish I hadn't gone out to restaurants every evening. S We broke down on the highway and had to call for help. 4 I have to do two jobs to make enough 10 survive. used to play (play) but I'm too old and slow now. ( ) I wish I hadn't insulted her in fro nt of the other e mp lo~. 2 I live a lone back home but right now I share IEsharj~n apartment with my sister. want to see that movie again -I've already seen it six times. Write the corroct form below. My Hom etown. 1 I don'l play soccer any more.I'm used to working here. 1 Water is boiling ~t 100 degrees Celsius. Z I've studied English since I was s ix and I still make mistakes.a Choose the correct tense. If only I bad fin ished my major. 2 I've gained a couple of kilos during this vacation. 4 I at u early and write for a couple of hours and the~ usua y go I'm usuaJJ oing fo r II walk. Look at the example and underline the remaining mistakes. I 2 I am not used 10 working (not/work) with music on. S Have you ever taken part in a chat room? d Complete these sentences with the correct fonn of used 1o or be used to + .ing verb and the verb in parentheses. 3 I've worked here for a long time and don 't want to leave . If only I didn't have to work so bard. new car. . 1 I left collage early without a degree. a b c d e U only 1 had the money to buy 8. ' /11 goin 0 m y grand father's 75th b There are six mistakes with the simple past and present perfc<:t in the essay on the right. 3 My boss fired me. simple present or present progressive. since for just already yet ever recently 1 I don'. 4 Have you finished that assignment yet ? We have to hand it in tomorrow. 3 moved Mve Icmt 1 have traveled 4 b as lived 2 m et 5 have had c Complete these sentences with five of the adverbs from the box. s ex weeken d I go / birthday party. please? 3 I didn't use to like (not/like) gardening when I was young but now I lovo it! (you/play) with toy trains when you were a kid? Did you use to play (you/live) in the country now? It's so quiel compared to tho town you moved from. ~ 3 I'm only in California for a year or so ~ taldnBY 1 take a postgraduate course at UCLA.

money. e managed to create a pleasant.. b. Only five words or phrases are used.. good to see you. . but life is really hard but also the interest and I can't afford that. some . . every time I try to go 3 online .ked lip a 1 virus when I was surfing the 2 Net Luke Oh . 1 Eyes : bl<'lck/blue/brown/green 2 Wine: red/white/black/rose 3 Hair: blondlbrown/vellow/black 4 Meat: red/white/brown/dark . 5 Have you heard? Joe and Helen had an enormous argument and aren't talking to each other anymore. but she couldn't hear me. spend everything I 5 . whe!1 a bank 3 ..I have so many obligations nowadays that I right now. It's difficult for me to 4 •.e was not only experienced e Clent. q.. yo. don't only repay the loan The Ideal Boss ~me. __ . ' yo.y . I Wef1t to the bank for advice the other day. I -'oed her what my options were. ~ . I try to be optimistic.sh er.. But I'd like ~bou~ my last boss. and 5 organized b ' communicated a enl ' ut she great te'm . We all respected ffi' . a. 2 friend l ~tmosPhere in the workplac! _ we all gan to see each other SOcially She en?Ouraged us all to be . She w: ~e~:r~u re axed SOrt of person _ sh' c never seemed uptight or nervous and she always had time and '. Toe fact is my salary IS JU low.she were fi eep telling us what to do _ we ree to work on our Own A result. aggressive.. download attachment file crash toolbar viru:.. g Underline the odd word out. ay.ussion argue 1 Our neighbors complained about the noise during Oill party last night..I get this message saying an error has occurred and the computer just switches itself off. and I. for everybody Sh a smile . we were 4 COOperative. to fill in the blanks.inht now .they love to talk about other stars' secret lives. . a".a lot of money recently and I needed some acMce from my loan officer. Of course.. 3 Noth ing you say will persuade me to cross Niagara Falls on a bicycle! 4 Actors are well known for gossiping about each other . whict11 really don't want to dO. more money from the bank. I wonder if you can help me.. connection Net Web sile scroll bar home page log on online John Hey. cold. P y and Created a SPlCit. • persuade complain boast shout gossip disr. each other: we worked wdJ With a team and with h as her.. [ used olle and it worked. I've been 1 . ". . You can 5 download them onto your computer. Complete the sentences with the correct form of five of the words in the box. attract friend create relax cooperate respect real organize romance independence h Choose the correct word. 3 ~dependent ' didn't k ' In our work .'ve ~ad a lot of bad managers in m y mcompetent. c. right away. Luke r can try_ What's the problem? John r think I pir."". Could you send me the details? Luke Sure. 2 I shouted as loudly as I could <'II Ihe child. John Great. or d. apart from 2 . I haven '\ heen able to send any e-mails for days! Luke I know a very good 4 web site that provides really good anti-virus programs free. 1 Z 3 4 a a a a 5 a using @ pending lending ~aking owes b ends keep waste win b save ffi've c making ~ iSSing c aski ng d ?rrowing c borrows gives d guard c Jarn d gain Complete this dialogue by choosing the appropriate word or phrase from the box._--_.. no! So what h<'lppens to your computer? John Well.f Complete this text with the adjective form of five of the words in the box..

Did you choose the person that the wri ter suggests is the most attractive? GLOSSARY a uribule ]lOslurc A positive foature of someone or something the way we hold our bodies as pire desire ilnd work toward something Unil 4 Together .~i 1 _ . -_ • 1 Reading skills a Imagine that you are at a party. The four people in the article below are a lso at the party and are not talking to anyone right now. Which one wou ld you talk to? Wh y? b Read the article quickly.

I think Fli go get another drink. sure. A That's tru e. I mean. lpause). I'm from New York. A Nice to meet you. sure.we were in school log ether. Jane. irs great I've met some rea lly interesting people. and the flight leaves very early in the morning . on the other side of town. I know Dove from way oock .sounds great A Yeah. Irs from Italy. that's rea lly nice of you. a Is it? A Do you like it. A I mean. I've never been to Michigan. Whal a pain! a Well. no. A Wow. this is Jane. it is. A Really? You've kept in touch? B Yeah.we're seeing a play at Ihe theater. A I'd kwe to. too. ThaI's fascinating. Point oul the Glossary. we do. maybe we could gel together one evening? How aoout Saturday? A Oh. A Where ore you from? B Michigan. A Hi there. look . we're going to try and go every week if it's good. but irs a lillie difficult you know. F minutes on Ihe bus to get ifty here. I bet you realty get to make some interesting discoveries. recognizing and simple present) expressing interest Ustening a conversation Speaking discussing intentions Ask students What do you do fa make a good first impression when you meet people for the first time? Write students' suggestions on the board and add (or elicit) the following: smiling looking cool listening folking a 101 being funny Introduce the topic asking questions 1 Reading skills Set up the prediction task. what do you do? B I'm 0 research biologist A Wow. 50. A That's true. B Yes. What exactly do you do? A Oh.. A Well. I suppose. I'm Rachel.' For Exercise 2c on page 39 !II A Do you work with Dove? B No. yeah. A Yeah. I am. Do you live near here? B Well. I'm going to try that new salsa club on Friday. okay. I have my car here. Are you enjoying the party? A Yeah. a You like salsa? A love it. rve just come bock from Coracas a wow. lpause) A Well. Come along some other time. I'm flying to Paris on Saturday. Are you enjoying the party? B Hello. it was really fascinating. George B Yeah. Set a time limit affive minutes.. nothing exciting B Nothing exciting. look I'll give you my number . How do you know Angie and Dove. being a biologist? B Irs okay. near the airport. A Oh. by a Okay. a Me too.we were in school together. I think the JXlrly's great. A Really? ThaI's interesting.. Caracas . look I'm actually waiting for someane. A Really? That's interesting. me. A Hi. I'm meeting some friends on Saturday . right? B Yeah. She lives on the next block. I can give you a lift oock if you like. laura. do you work with Dove? a No. Yes. irs not so diflicull when you're in the some town. delighted to meet you.. I've never been to Michigan. okay. B Hi. A Oh. How interesting. I know Dove from way bock . well. B Yeoh. A Oh. Uh . then? A Angie and 1worK together.. since we live near each other. it was really fasc inating. I'm a flight attendant. no.. no. Together T 38 Unit 4 . we do I suppose. Do you travel a lot? B Yes. A Yeah . A Hey! Sa do II B So you're in the Iravel industry.. a Yeah. ThaI's fasc inating. nice to meet you. "~--------------------------------------------------------------. iI's not so difficult when you're in the some town. I oought it in Milan. - C Lauro. rm from New York lpause) So. We went to a fantastic salsa dub there. Are you having a good time? B Well. A Yeah. maybe. A Well. but actually I'm staying with my friend Rachelthat's her in the black dress O\lef there. present progressive. so do I. rm George. B Don't worry. . a Oh. maybe some other time then. Why don't you come along? What are you doing on Friday? A Oh. near the airport A Hey. In fact. B Wow. See you later.Objectives Topic: attraction and communication Pronunciation Reading a scientific article Grammar future plans and intentions intonation: (going to. welt. I've just come back from Caracas. A Nice shirt Did you get it here? B Heavens. the way. ore you kidding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. a Okay. nothing exciting a Nothing exc~ing. and then ask students tu read the text quickly and answer the question in Exercise 1b. yeah. Do you live near here? a Well. on the other side of town. Do you mind . what do you do? B I'm a research biologist. when you come on your own. A Good party. right so you're in the travel industry. 15 For Exercise 2a on page 39 !ioI A Hello there. A Where are you from? B Michigan. it's okay. How interesting! What exactty do you do? A Oh.sorry.. a Yeah. A Really? You've kept in touch? a Yeah. I'm a flight anendanl.sounds great. thanks. Caracas . I'm sorry. A Hi. are you Iddding? I bet you get to see some interesting places. I know.

Students should be using present progressive fo r fixed arrangements and going to for intontions. no one can stop me. 4 Grammar review and extension: future plans. Play tho audio for Exercise 2c aga in. Then put them in pairs to discuss their plans. review the ru les for expressing intentions. Unil4 T 39 Together . and 4 . I'm ploying tennis tomorrow. fThars my de<ision. Hey. to copy the intonation pall crns they hear. In 2. inten tions. Pause after each conversat ion to elicit studen ts' illlswers. so do I How interesting! Nothing exciting. and they seem to like each other and are making friends. Ask student s to listen and match the conversat ions wi th the people. Going to is used to emphasize the intention rather than the plan or a rrangement . as needed. Play the audio for Exercise 3b and ask students to listen and repeat line by line. I fJI9y tennis tomorrow afternoon.1 I'm going to play tennis tomorrow. As they listen. Answers: In conversations 1. the man sounds very bored. Answers will vary. The audioscripts for Track 1 5 and Track 16 are on page T38 ~ 171-------------------------------------------------------------Really? Thors true. the more interested people sound. and then have student s roport briefly to the class.sounds great. it is important to get students to reolly exaggerate when repealing the "interested" intonation patterns from the recording. Quick grammar guide: future The present progressive is used to talk about personal plans and arrangements that have been ful ly planned and fina lized. the more "exaggerated" the intonation. Tho woman sounds bored because of her flat intonation: she does not seem interested in the man. 1 3.0 and a ppears to be wai ting for someone and wants the other person to go away. Wow. 2 Listening skills If you wish.it is only used for impersonal. ore you kidding? Wow. Answers: In 1.j overuse the simple ptesentto lalk about personal arraogements.Ask studen ts to co mpare their notes from Exercise lc with a partn er. 3 . Play tho aud io for Exercise 2e. the man sounds interested . UI is arranged. plans. the more bored people sound . Realty? Thafs interesting. Thofs foscinating. t\it 5 Speaki ng skill s Have students work individually to plan fo r one o f the si tUlI\ions. ask students to say who sou nds interested or bored. Because English tends to use a wide intonation pattern. Ask students to listen for answers to tho questions in Exercise lb. and arrangements If students need help wit h Exercise 4. the "other" person gives up and goes away. both women sound interested: their intonation has more high and low tones.! Common PfOb'ems and errors Students m(f. with a slight difference of implied meoning. In English. Play the audio fo r Exercise 2a . Caracos . scheduled events. Answers will vary. exaggerating tho di ffe rences in pilch. the court is reserved. Conversely. The difference is subtle and often either fo rm can be used in any situation. Monitor students and listen for common mistakes. he uses a flat intonation . first ask students to predict what they thin k the people in the pict u res might say in each conversation. You may need to play and pause the recording to allow students to wri1c their answers. Ask st udents to complete the conversations. Play the aud io again.ld thi s again as homework. In conversation 2. or assign students to Tei. and arrangements in the Grammar Summary on page 4G of the Student's Book. Ask stud~nt s to discuss Exercise l d in pairs. 3 Pronunciation : intonation Quick pronunciation guide The "flatter" the intonation. Ihe simple present is nolo common future form .it is the decision you have mode. they make friends and arrange to meet.

Make notes of your plans for tho situation (e. Wow. yeah.g. A Rea lly ? You've kept in touch? B Yeah. P c Read the information about the ways of express ing future plans and intentions on page 46 .g. but you want to make some new friend s. 5aluniOJi. clothes. 1 A Do you work with Dave? B No. describe the future? Write P or F. 1 she / fly I Thailand I Saturday (She bas already bought the ticket. Caracas Sounds great . I suppose. b In pairs. a Which tense/verb form is used in each example? 1 '" present progressive 2 '" simple present 3 going to + infinitive b Which example describes an intention. well. Where did you moot? What do you think first attracted you to that person? 4 Grammar review and ex tension: future plans. I'm from New York. So. times. . A Well. 5 Speaking skills a Choose one of the situations below. are you kidding ? I bet you get to see some in teresti ng places .c Make notes of what the writer says about the four people in the pictures. B Nothing exciting. Remember to show interest in what your partner says ! I'm going to a party on Satllrday. How interesting . ThaI's fascinating . .) I'm going to stay at home and watch soccer on TV tonight.. 1'111 going to wear Together Uni14 3 Pron unciation: intonation ~ ~ listen to the exchanges again. A Hey! SodoJ ! 2 8 So you're in the travel industry. 3 I'm going to try that new salsa club. I know Dave from way back . and arrangements a Look at these examples and answer the questions. (The people in the pict ures are the second speaker in each conversation. Discuss the notes with your partner. 5 we I play I ill I soccer final I Saturday (It's in the program. such as a schedule? 2 II:: 2 Listening skills ~ a Listen to four conversations at a party. F 3 My train arri ves at six on Wed nesday. not a plan? 3 c Which example describes a very definite plan. 2 The fli ght leaves very early in the morning. F 5 Jeremy always arrives late for the class. I'm a night attendant. it was really fascinating. it's not so difficult when you're in the same town. 2 Your hoyfrielld's/girlfrielld's parents have invited you for lunch.) 1 person _ 4 _ 2 person _ 3 _ 3 person _ . we do.) The game sta rts at 3:00 in the afternoon. Do you agree with th e writer? d Think of your best fri end or boyfriend/girlfriend. You haven't met them before and you want to make a good impression.) Her parents are going to take her to the airport. intenti ons. . Listen and repeat the phrases that you wrote in the conversations above._ ~ b Listen again and answer the questions.. A ThaI's true . Really? That's interesting ? I've never been to Michigan. A Yeah.. 4 1/ stay I home I watch soccer I TV tonight (But I could change my mind. 1 You're new in this town and you have been invited to a party on Saturday. I've just come back from Caracas. then write sentences from the prompts below._ 4 person _ . We're sccing a play at the theater.) 5k:s Illf"U 10 7ioa<knd on. Match the conversations with the four people in Exercise la. conversation topics). b Which sentences describe the present and which What is tho outcome of each conversation? 2 Which conversa tion is the most successfu l? Why? 1 Listen 1 these short exchanges from the 0 conversations and complete them.\. nothing exciting. F 4 I'm staying with my cousin in Chicago next weekend. Who sounds interested? Who sounds bored? Why? mtonation shows how interested we are in a penon or a conversation. 1 Are you enjoying tho party? P 2 We're leaving for Paris noxt Monday. What exactly do you do? A Oh.) \-Ve are playing in the soccer fina l on Saturday. 3 her parents I take her / airport (Th is is their intention.. You won't know anybody there. 6 game I start I 3:00 / afternoon (This is the scheduled time. Do you live near here? 8 Well .we were in school together. no. travel) and your preparations (e. B Wow. 1 I'm meeting some fri ends on Saturday. what do you do? 8 I'm a research biologist. near the airport. 3 A Where are you from? B Michigan.) Her fli ght leaves at 7:30 in the morning. using the correct form. on the other side of town . 2 her fli ght I leave / 7:30 / morning (This is the scheduled time. talk abou t the si tuations and what you in tend to do.

In answer to the second question. d But what are the reasons for this. ... 4 The increase in the divorce rate may be the result of changes in society. and will+verb extramarital affairs will be even more common than they arc now. Some futuri sts predict that in 100 will+verb years. 0 GLOSSARY flx tra marilal outside of marriage gloomy dnprcssing. Match the paragraphs with the four brief summaries. But with the rising number of women in well-paying jobs.. @j 3 A good marriage can bring a lot of benefits. In fact. docs the number of cohabiting couples not affect the trend? 3 .~ame POSitiOll as another persoll Unit 4 Together . . UI IS first it will lead to the break-up of the eonditional family. tal k about successful marriages that you know. the ratc of divorce in the U nited States has exploded: almost 50% of marriages end in divorce now. 1 . many couples now cohabit and don 't bother to marry . \Vhile the rate of divorce has risen. the outlook may not be as pessimistic as it seems. pessimistic cohauit Iivl! together (as a couple) counterpart SOlIlIlo ne in tht! . is marriage benefi cial to men? d In pairs. b The institution of m ar riage has been based for years pa rtly on economic need. so they don 't feci that they need to stay in a failing marriage.. and married men generally consider themselves m o re contented than their single counterparts. the rate of couples marrying has never actually fallen very much. Why .. according to a spokesperson t for the N ational Family Association. Why do you think people gct divorced? Are there as many di vorces in your country? b Read the art icle quickly. but they do not So is m arriage really an outdated institutio n? The fact that m ost people still get married indicates that it isn 't.. Perhaps the key is to find out what makes a successful marriage and apply it to all of our relationships! c Find reasons for these facts in the article. so marriage is still quite popular. Women used to be economically de pe nde nt on their husbands as they usua lly didn' t have jobs outside the ho m e.. C appear in either the marriage or divo rce statistics. this is no lo nger the case. What makes a good marriage? Couples have to lenrll 1 accept each other's differen ces. and the rate is increasing. more than 50% of first marriages survive. to+ver to get worse. is marriage not a necessity for women any longer? Z . And it is also tr ue that married couples have a healthier life than single people: they suffer less from stress and its consequences. If •• · teen d connnucs. The statistics are deceptive because there is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriges. [) 2 The current trend and predictions for the future nrc for an increasing divorce rale. Going b and the evidence suggests it is going . such as heart problems..these couples are effectively married. arc the statistks deceptive with regard to people stayi ng in fi rst marriages? 4 . In addition to this. [li} - !aJ THE STATE OF MARRIAGE TODAY • Is there something seriously wrong with marriage today? During the past 50 years. and is the picture really so gloomy? The answer [Q the first question is really quite si mple: marriage is no lo nge r the necessity it o nce was. the average American will marry at least four times.Marriage: a dying institution? 1 Read ing skills s One in Iwo couples in th e United Slates get divorced. 1 The statistics may give an unnecessaril y pessimistic impression of marriage and divorce.

first conditional Writing an Internet posting Speaking discussing family and marriage Write on the board Being single and Being married. Remind them to check the Glossary. Together T 40 Unit 4 . Answers: 1 They are no longer economically dependent on their husbands. You may wish to point them out to students. 3 There is a higher number of divorces in second and third marriages than in first marriages. 2 Because they do not appear in marriage or divorce statistics. life experiences Reading a social science article Grammar predicting the future: will. 4 Married men suffer less from stress and feel more contented. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the questions in Exercise lc.Tell half B to work in groups of four to write advantages of being married. Tell half A to work in groups of four to write a lis) of advantages of being single. Tell them to discuss the questions and look back at the article to research their answers . There ore a number of collocations in the text. Divide the class into two halves. Elicit students ' answers and write on the board some examples of the students' advice. going to. Which "hair hod the most adYonloges? 1 Reading skills Discuss the questions in Exercise 1a as a class. Introduce the topic Elicit two lists of advantages on the board. Extromarllal affairs = relationships outside marriage Gloomy picture = negative view Economic need = need for financial support Pessimistic outlook = negative view of the future Outdated institution = sociallrodilion that is not modern and needs chonging Vocabulary Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise l d in pairs. Set a short time limit (four minutes) to encourage students to skim the article. Allow one minute. and then ask students to read the article quickly and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise lb.Objectives Topic: marriage and the family Vocabulary the extended family.

will is used to express 0 prediction thot is 0 personol opinion. helping students with any questions they have. helping students with ideas and vocabu lary. Tell them another student will read their work lator on. Quick grammar guide: predictions Going to expresses 0 prediction bosed on evidence now. Model the activity in Exercise 2c by providing one or two examples. Presentation altematiYe Ask students to read the Internet posting quickly. Unit 4 T 41 Together . Put students in small groups to practice the vocabulary by discussing the questions in Exercise 3d. When students are ready. ignoring the spoces. Let students check in pairs before goi ng over the answers as a class. form groups of four and ask the groups to follow the instructions in Exercise 4d. Then invite students to rewrite them ond post them on the classroom wall so that students have on opportunity to read whot everybody has written. Put students in pairs and make sure they agree on which statement they are going to write about. •• 4 Writing skills Let students check their answers to Exercise 4a in pairs before discussing as a class. Additional actfvity Collect ond correct the postings and their replies. 3 Vocabulary: th e family Ask students to do Exercise 3a and 3b individually and thon compare with a partner before checking answers with the Vocabulary Summary on page 46. Move around the class. In troduce the activity in Exercise 4c carefully. and thell ask them which forms they use. and thell ask st udents to write their own predictions and compare them in pa irs. Move around the class. Ask 0 basic question to help students understond the gist (or main ideo) of the article: Is the writer concerned about the family or not concerned? Give students a minute to ask th eir purtner's opinion in Exercise 4b.2 Grammar: pred icting the future Help students find and underline the predict ions in the first paragraph of the article for Exercise 2a . After students have studied the rules on pago 46. especially with conditionals. Answers will vary. ask them to complete the paragraph in Exercise 2b with the correct verb forms. he ~ the start of the film. If Peter doesn't come soon. Common problems and errors A common persistent error is likely to be using the simple present for predidions. so thoy should write their "posting" legibly on a soparate piece of paper.

Then o f cou rse there are the 4 single-parent famil ies. b Match the verbs and nouns.. What can we do about this? Your wife's brother is your /m:i:J. 2 Single-parent famil ies can't bring up children as well as traditional famili es.eY-{'n-/aw. 3 If you marry a man or woman with children. 2 Your husband's father is your father-in-law . Which future forms do th ey usc? b Look at the ways of predicting the futu re on page 46. 6 A man or woman on their own with children form a single-parent fam ily. in pairs. pare nts a nd children. 3 will cause (cause) many problems in the future. they become your ~.4 children. where a couple has gotten 5 divorced .. 1 People have children too young . d . 1 Do any of the phrases in Exercise 3a describe you? Which ones? 2 Do you have any of the people in Exercise 3a in your family? Which ones? 3 How many of the actions in Exercise 3b have you do ne·t 4 Writing skills a Read the Internet posting <lbout the state of marriage and com plete it with words fro m Exerc ise 3. of course.ililJ:m. 3 Families where both parcnts work have sOllle Advantages. 1 got a more chi ldren b married 2 got 3 got c a baby 4 go out with d engaged have a boy/girl 5 6 have f divorced . there 4 will be (be) fewer people in work. which of course leads to more cri me and u nemployment. then write th em in the order in which we usually do these things in our lives.!1. c Complete these pred ictions in your own words.. h Do you agree with the writer of Ihi s posting? Discuss the posting with a partner. c Check your answers in the Vocabu lary Summary on page 46. It is n't rig ht . 2 If more people get divorced .. Read out interesting messages to the class.. What has happened to t he 1 traditional fam ily. but in many countries that has fallen to below two and 1 will definitely continue (defini tely continue) to faiL In some European countries the average couple has only one child and evidence suggests that it 2 is Boine to get (get) worse as more couples dl.. where t he cou ple d idn't get 6 married in the first place. discuss these q uestions. c. Dno of the problems faced by the western world is its falling population. Couples need to produce an average of 2. Underline four predictions ahout the future of marriage.'Cide not to have children.e. 4 Divorce is not necessarily bad for ch ildren. . Then you get divorced peo ple who remarry and end up with seve ra l 3 Vocabulary: th e family a Complete each definition about the family with two words fro m the box. d Join with another pair and in groups of four. I believe that these children will grow u p with terri ble problems. an d t he woma n has to brin g up the child ren totally o n he r own. discuss the st<ltemcnts below a nd choose one that you are bot h interested in. so they are left wit h strangers all day. The order of the stages most often is: e. i.and these poo r child ren get totally confused. leaving t he children with only one parent at home .. mothers stayed at home with their child ren. If the population cuntinues to fall. c You arc going to write a posting about a related topic. In pairs.2 Grammar: predicting the fut ure a Read the fi rst paragraph of the article again.lttw in-law mother parent single sister step tradit ional working 1 7 . Write a short posting of about 100 words. fat her. 1 in 50 years. they left the children with their own mothe r o r mot her3 in-law . a (f can come at any time after b) Together Unit4 . Then. then complete the paragraph below with the corroct form of the verbs.before they know whether their relationship is "right". Compare your order with a partner. the size of families d In sma ll groups.or worse. with t he mothe r at home? It see ms tod ay t hat most child ren have 2 working mothers. 3 in the fut ure. b. 4 If you have a sisler with a different falher or mother. 5 Mother. which can't be good for them . blolliea children famil y fat her half ffl-. she is your half sister . and two children form a traditional famil y .!UL: child re n .. and there 6 will be (be) less money available for the sick and the elderly. single-parent families 4 In the future. In my day. 1 A woman with children who works ou ts ide the home is a working mother . com pare your sentences. Write a reply a nd "send" tJlO message back again. exchange postings. marriage .. Thi s. a nd if they had to work. governments 5 will raise (raise) less money in taxati on.

if your friend had a new hairstyle and you thought it looked awful? a say "What did you do to your hair?!" b say '1l1at looks great! Which hairdresser did you go to?" c say "Sorry. Someone near " me" in the circlo is more important than those further away. What would you do . We've been togot~er for three years and I th ink we'll get roamed some day. Talk about the people and why they are important to you. A And Paul? B He's my best friend." if you were sharing an apartment with a friend and they never did any housework? a tell your friend they had to move out b stop doing housework yourself to make a point c talk to your friend about it and explain the probiem if your best friend started to make a lot more money and you were still almost always broke? If your friend was feeling really depressed after a relationship breakup? a feel jealous and ask your friend to pay for you all the time a stop calling your friend because he/she is atways complaining b tell your friend to call you whenever helshe wants if you were at a party with a friend and you met a really attractive person? a spend all evening with the person and ignore your friend b ask your friend if helshe minds if you spend the 'NhoIe evening with the person c invite the person to join you and your friend b see less of your friend because you don't want himther to pay for everything c suggest doing things together that don 't cost a lot of money c insist on taking your friend to parties.Friendship 1 S peaking ski lis What kind of friend are you? Choose the best a answers for you in the questionnaire below. It might be nice if you cut it shorter. Then look at ." your score on page 149. but listen when he/she wants to talk Together . b Discuss your answers with a partner. I wouldn't h ave a dose friend to confide m. d In pairs. ask and answer question s about your circle . Without. We play b8S~n t~ether every weekend and have a great bme. How would your li fe be d ifferent with out them? A Who's Karen? B She's my girlfriend. Do you agree? C Y and complote tho " important relattonshlps c d~~le with n amos of friends and family. but I don't think it really suits you. though.. him .

. yeah. do you have a minute? I'm doing a survey on imporlont people at different stages of our lives.my girlfriend.she become a kind of mother figure. definitely. my mother. who would you choose? Jusl one.not a real friend. no contes!. Culture note A fair-weather friend is someone who is only friends with you in the good limes . tha t's fine. what do they mean? A Well.. 1 Speaking skills Give students fOUI or five minutes to do Exercises la and lb. lers sIT'( up to the age of four. well .. First. For Exercise lc. Now. the age of fIVe to eight years old. around the age of nine or len .. you know.Objectives Grammar Topic: friendship Vocabulary friendship: collocations Reading a magazine questionnaire second conditional Ustening interviews Speaking discussing friendship Set the scene by asking students What qualilies make a good friend? Elicit words and phrases like honest. t think it would be the girl I used to ploy with most. B Four. I see. Far Exercise 4 on page 43 ':IiI A Excuse me. A And how about now? Howald are you if you don't mind me asking? B No. A Thanks. A Right. Thank you very much.. A Now. She lived just down the street . 17 1 20. and. I guess my little daughter is Ihe most important person in my life now. or perhaps a brother or sister. I don't think so. B 50 wha t about my answers. B Well. thaI's the answer most people give. A Oh. Together T 42 Unit 4 . you know. A Ah. A Well. so obviously my wife is real imporlont to me. you see.would you soy thaI was true for you? B Welt I'm not sure. Now. . but we had a baby a couple of months ago. Um if t hod to choose someone from that time. I'd like you to Ihink back to when you were a teenager. A Okay.yeah. in sports. nol used commonly in speech). if you had to choose the most important person in your life from. A Thanks. And I didn't have brothers or sisters. strike up a friendship means start a friendship. but I suppose after my girlfriend. thars a little mare difficult I suppose Ihars the age when you start looking for role models and I was crazy about rock slars and basketball and that kind of thing. soy.. for girls. Your mom again? 8 Well. A More importanllhan parents? B Absolutely. A 101 of people still soy their mother for that age. no. yes. interesting. Foe = enemy lIiterary word.? B I don't know really. your mother. to when you were very young. and I'd like to ask you a couple of questions. I'm 26. 2l-ish. Now who stands out as the most imporlont person? B Well. I'd soy it was my school teacher. you know. and so on. my mom used to go out to work and my teacher. Would that be okay? 8 Sure. 3 B That's easy . Well. Much more imporlont A Now. if you had 10 choose the most imporlant person in your life. nothing else seemed to matter . t'm going to ask you to think bock to your childhood. I got married two years ago. soy 1 to about 16. A She became more imporlant? B Right . A No friends? B Yeah. "girlfriend" and then .it wasn't so long ago! A Good. irs just amazing when.. if you look bock to that lime. Now how about the late teen years.. etc. bul if 1hod to soy right now. Right. bul I think we were starting 10 get more competitive. That's easy. I lost touch with most of my friends and . have students copy the "ME" circle on a separate piece of paper. so we didn't trusl each other as much. B How young? A Well. a good listener. A And the next most imporlont person? B You mean. go ahead. 0 B Easy . Then put students in pairs to talk about their answers. when I was about five to eight? A Right B . My first real girlfriend . Introduce the topk reliable. peaple like that. I think I'd say I made my first real friend about that time. 50 rd say Carlos 5ontano or Kurl Cobain. caring. fo r most people real friendship begins after this period. that's fine. and sports stars like Michael Jordon. who would il be? B Mmm. A And would you soy he or she was the most important person in your life then? B Oh. You know. I can't really remember. Briefly elici t answers from the class. what I can tell you is that your answers agree with most of the population . Give them two or three minutes to think of the names they are going to write in their own circle.

However. Unit 4 T 43 Together .2 Vocabulary: friendship Briefly elicit answers from the pairs for Exercises 2a and 2b. Start students on Exercise 2c by giving them examples for the first two sentences. explain that the following expressions are often used to "buy time. or sometll/·ng + that . 1/F8lIeI88 around Ihe world. ask students to underline the verbs in lhe clauses in exercise 2c. Ask students to listen and complete the "survey" column . Their approximate meanings are listed below: sure. Since there is no such subjunctive in English. .fun / being there / something that you have to work on. As you elicit students' answers afterwards. Here.n pairs 10 do Exercise 4d . or past + past in both clauses. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. 3 Grammar review: second conditional For Exercise 3a. II is useful to help students see the similority between If I had a new car . I moon = I'm going to try to explain Put students i. and equate the simple past with such hypothetical concepts (and the post subjunctive if used in their first language!. and indicate grammatically correct answers: Friendship is . besl friend. I would be upset. Model Exercise 3b carefully. You may n eed to play the recording a second time. condtianal Common problems and errofS Students confuse which form they should use in each clouse. If I w9wJ9 §fI now. then complete the rules.. Point out that this sentence needs to be followed by an adjective. as needed. gerund. Encourage them to practice using the words in Exercise 4c . and then ask different students to come up to the board and write one of their sentences. as in the example in sentence 2 . Afterwards. absolutely = of course I no problem or I agree well = give me a moment before I speak you see. pointing out that students have to match the sentence halves and then write whole sentences. in modern speech was is also used. Play the audio again and ask students to expand the responses in Exercise 4c.second Many languages hove the past subjunctive in hypothetical condllional clauses. they have little meaning and are used to give us thinking lime when we speak. Ask At what stage of your life are these people mosl important? Why? Then ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks and complete the "me" column. husband/wife. boy/girlfriend. If I were rich. Point out that were is commonly used in the first person in second conditional sentences. 4 Listening skills Set the scene by writing on the board: porenls. Let students check their answers in pairs. Quick grammar gUide: . would needs to be followed by an infinitive. If someone at a party were unfriendly toward me." in other words.. students often use would + verb in the condllionol clause as well as the main clouse. The oudioscript for Track 18 is on poge T42 11i. elicit students' answers and have them compare the survey with their an swers. buying time. I would gel home sooner.. and I wish I had a new car.

I can't really remember.. when' was abollt five to eight? 5 Well. / __ old friend become fr ie nds I 4 Listening skills a Who is the most important person in your life right now? Why? Has this always been the case·! Complete this table for the different times in yo ur life.od/ fri end \ --- be friends M. 4 If we went out more often. I would . ecJ. My first rcal girlfriend . form a real " dose friend friendship iend'\. complete each sentence with two different ideas. 4 You mean . 4 If [ had a fair-weather friend. Much more important. Who are going to be the most important people in your life'! Together Unit 4 . Then match the condition clauses with the main clauses and write sentences in the second conditional with would. 1 a b c d e f 1 marry someone different from me.2 Vocabulary: frie ndship a Add some words and phrases from the questionnaire and scores in Exercise 1 to Lhe diagram. no contest. 1 would .If we went out more oRen... 5 b . '- 3 Grammar review: second conditional a Look at the clauses in Exercise 2c and complete the rule. d In pairs. I'm not sure . you would might/cou ld keep friends for longerl make fri ends mo re easily. you see.g. I w ould marry someone different from me. definitely. I 3 If I wanted 10 get married.. u'Ved neay me. I would . 1 Friendship is .If I weren't so shy.f 7mf}hl 2 die .. 3 WdL.. 6 Well. end the friendship.. Second conditional = if + simple ~. my mother. 3 If [ wanted to make new friends.... e. 5 If my girlfriend/boyfriend did something I disapproved of... My girlfricnd... compare yo ur answers from the chart and think about the future. you ~ c When we speak naturally we often add little words to make our speech sound more natural.family friend . I would . 3 a . . sure. + would (not) + infinitive b Read about the second conditional on page 46. I would/migh t/could make friends more easilyhneet more people. pairs. make friends Illore easily. (Jb. well.. 1 mean.. You see . meel more people. might. 8 Easy ... Survey mother girl down Ule street fi rst real friend role models first rea l girlfr iend wife unfriendly .. 6 One way of striking up a friendship is . keep friends for longer.. we wouldlmight/could meet more people..If I w anted to get married . 1 If my best friend lived ncar me. . Can YOIl add any other words or phrases? 9-12 13-16 17-21 22-25 become friends form a friendship girlfriend real friend strike up a friendship unfriendly C [11 ~ b Listen to a survey based on the table above and complete the ·'Survey" column.U· you weren't so demanding.If I thought a friend weren 'l honesl with me. Important people in my life Age 0-4 5-8 ~ best friend .. f . 6 eld . 4 c . 2 That's easy.. 7 Absolutely.If fee '»f}f /:e1.. '- 2 If someone at a party were wlfriendly toward me. we 5 If I thought a friend weren't honest with me.. my mom used to go out to work . friendly b Add the words in the box to the diagram. I would end the fri endship.c.. a . sec her once a week. I 6 If you weren·t so demanding.. d Share your ideas with another pair. or could. I don 't think so. Listen again and expand these responses to make them sound more natural. 1 2 If I weren't so shy... Sure... frIEnd hey once. go ahead. no.~olutely.

the restaurant near the beach? Do you remember . Where do you think you come on the scale below? Put a cross ut} at the best poi nt. 3 Prepare a Check your answers with the key on page 149.. friends. n on-assertive not making your opinions and desires known. A 2 Do it now! AG 3 That's a really dumb idea. Done yours? Have you done yours? 2 Yeah. or non-assertive? How about Jane? 1. finished ages ago. assertive. Which of them do you tend to say? 1 I wou ld like 10 discuss this with you. NA 6 I don't mind what we do. but in my opinion .. lei's do it your way. . 1 This has happened to me so many times such a pain. if you say so . willing to accept what others want above what you want 6 Notice a Look at these extracts from the conversation. I'd ask people to introduce themselves.. NA c Thi nk of your famil y. . was it? Itlfhat wasn't. When did it happen? Who wero you talking to? How did you roact? Why did you roact as you did? How did you feel afterwards? 2 Task a Take the quiz on the opposite page to fi nd out how assertive you are. if you don 'I mind. A 5 Well .. 4 Really? Amazing. 3 Wasn't very assertive of us. AG 4 I sec your point. Which words have the speakers left out from the underlined expressions? 1 I still havon't done the last two. attack. Explain 10 your partner. Write the initials ofthree or four people on the scale. How assert ive are you compared with the other members ofyoUT group? 4 Feedback Report your group's results to the class. or aggressive (AG) language. and acquaintances. often indicating that you want to fight. It is such a pain 2 Remember last summer. a ssertive behaving and expressing ideas in a firm and confident manner 3. using these questions. Keep a note of the other students' answers. aggressive. Whore did it happen? II was in a pizza place in town . why you put thorn there. aggressive behaving in an angry or rude way. Have you been in any of those situations? Did you assert yOUl'self or not? Discuss the situation with your partner. decide whether these expressions are assertive (A). with examples. In info rmal conversation we often leave words out. non-assertive (NA). or argue with someone non-assertive assertive aggressive I b In groups. 1 finished ages ago. 7 Follow up Look at the sit uations in the quiz. . 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people completing and discussing the questionnairo..1 Warm up a Look at the defi nitions. b Discuss th o quiz in a small group. That's/How amazing. the convorsation. What was the incident? I had really bad food at a res/aurnnt. Which group has the most assertive members? Unit4 Together . b Find tho "missing" words in these examples from 2. Which questions do they discuss? b What kind of person do you think Rob is. b Summarize what you have learned about yoursel f and others in your group.

5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa . PresenIo1ion alternative 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to present the group's findings. Afterwards.. When they are ready. The oudioscripl for Track 19 is on page T45 11 Together T 44 Unit 4 . Answer: 2 Task Ask students to lake the quiz. Rob is non-assertive.. and Cs they are aggressive. Ask students to listen and say which questions they discussed. Neither . Allow 0 couple of minutes for each role-ploy situation. ask students to write three or four sentences to summarize their findings.. T As they are ell assertive. . 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to prepare to speak. . or C. . You could write the following phrases on the board to hetp students prepare their summaries: We found that whereas . Topic: assertiveness Reading a magazine Ustening people doing a quiz Speaking answering a question naire adverbs used with present perfect questionnaire 1 Warm up Ask students to look at the definitions in Exercise 1a and mark themselves on the scale. and then ask students to work in pairs to find the missing words in the sentences in Exercise lib. an aggressive statement is often short and rude. ask pairs of students to take turns asking each other about the situations. elicit from students what the difference between an assertive and an aggressive statement is.J or conciliatory language (1 see your point. Decide what you are going to cook together for dinner tonight. and 3.. J. Decide which film you want to see at the movies tonight.. 6 Notice Read through the examples in Exerc ise lia a loud. Afterwards. Both . Give each student in each group a letter. B... and .. A. Bs they are non-assertive. playing their roles.•. 3 Prepare After they have checked their answers. Then divide students into groups of four and ask them to discuss their answers. Then divide the class into groups pf fo ur and ask them to discuss the expressions in Exercise lb . 2. Determine which group is the most assertive. An assertive statement is expressed us ing polite language (I would like . If necessary. After they hove finished. Write three situotions on the board.. nor. Tell the groups to discuss situation 1. elicit students' answers for Exer cise s b. Answers: They discussed questions 1.. help them to think of a situation and of their answers to the questions in Exercise 7.Objectives Grammar present perfect. students should make a note of each other's answers and pay special attention to the ones they have in common. Decide where to go together for vacation. . Jane is assertive. but . change situotions and change roles. . Additional activity Divide the class into groups of three.

I love dOing these things .For Exercise 5 on page 44 . right? Jane Ah. me too. Jane Really? Amazing. and we all sitlhere and soy nothing. remember? Wasn't very assertive of us! Rob No. I've been in that situalion so many times. What hove you got for number one then? Somebody's just taken your parking space .you find out so much about yourself. Okay. Jane Really? rm amazed. so "bo.such a pain! I stop the car and gel out and tell them to leave the space. On 10 the third one. so I'd jus! drive off.you sow itlirst. Unil 4 T 45 Together . the restaurant near the beach? Jane Yeah. yes. I haven't checked !he key yet. we still don't know each othe(s names. finished ages ago. Every day. I still haven·t done the lost two. but the restaurant was very busy. Well. Rob Okay. so I can't really soy. this is a funny one . What about number 1Wo? Rob The restaurant.. Jane What do you do? Rob Well.. This has happened to me so many limes . I don·tthink irs worth ge"ing in a fight. Rob Right. we've both seen examples of thot . Sut we just left it.. in our Spanish closs. I hate not knowing people's names . parking.remember lost summer. Rob But irs so true. The food was terrible. Done all yours? Jane Yeah. you're right. rd ask people 10 introduce Ihemselves. don·t you? Rob Do you? I'm not sure. What have you found out then? Jane Well. Jane Yes.. Jane How are you doing? Hove you finished yet? Rob Nearly. .

Win. you're probably the assertive type. take our questionnaire and find out who you are. b I suggest to the teacher that we all introduce ourselves briefly. . b I insist that the other driver leave the space.n. Say nothing. but have you considered . ( I threaten the manager with legal action . c I go around introducing myself to everyone. a Tell your friend firmly that you value your things and would like them back. But enough talking. You've lust joined a c s 0 twenty students Rnd you don't know anybody' name. anyway? '- a I complain to the waiter.. I have an argument with them and then drive off in a bad mood. a I avoid using people's names and refer to them as "he" and "she" . . I suppose you're right. What do you dol a I've never heard so much garbage in my life before! b I can see what you're getting at. . if that's how things normally happen. or just loseil Do you always win. win. b I leave it on the plate. Together Unil4 . whereas the others normally loset Just maybe you're the aggressive type. b Tell your friend that they're behaving like a thief and you won't lend them anything else. c. Do you win and do they win. toot Well. . Do you usually find yourse lf losing while the others wint Then perhaps you're the non-aggressive type. a I drive off without saying anyth ing. ? c Yeah. What are a few books and CDs compared to friendship.

real friend 4 ooe way of desCfibing a friend in a negative way fair-weather frie . I 'll ask for an autograph. you'll pass the exam. intentions. etc.. win I won't + infll1itive If Malia goes to the party. (I'm not you. very definite rootine or scheduled events.e. then she might marry him. close friend . and arrangements Fann 4 Second conditional U . Fo. we would buy tickets for the festl'nlJ.:. he wiD bite you. I' ll probably go to Europe. 3 five ways of describing a friend in a positive way best friend. No. .. are you going to do this weekend? If you are IJ'lsure which form is correct. I'd ask for an autograph. '-1 If II go / abroad next year I I /probably go / Europe If I go abroad next year.. The first conditional predicts a Mure result dependent on a future condition: If you wert hard. It is possible to use other past forms in the if clause.-e Simple present "esent booked. hea".nc:jOOn ""'" fuIf"'" If you continue to amoy the dog. make friends. lcimity Family members: workJ:"'9 mother step mother / fathef I brother I sister han brother I sister mother / father I brother / sister~in-Iaw 2 Friends and friendship 3 First conditional Collocations with adjective + noun: best friend cbse friend fai'weather friend good friend geat friend old friend real friend _ Collocations with verb + noun: be friends become friends lorm 8 friendship keep friends make lriends strike up a friendsr'Compound nouns: frierdship boyfriend gI1friend "- Us. (Phil is unlikely to going to get 8 promotion.RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Future plans. O'~ had too much to eat. They aI'Nays do \AIhen the economy is bad. strike up a friendship 2 ooe wf1'o/ of describing a person you have I<ncrM1 lor a long tine old friend ff + present. then I wouldn't go." If + past. (look allhe clouds. schedules. Frs! conditional - on past evidence (often election. ""--' 2 If I I /win I lottery I I I give 18 lot of money / poor people U I win the lottery. Avoid repeating the verb go when you use going to: We're going to go to the movies. I'd give a lot of money to poor poopl new iOb III accept it lflhey offer me a new job.: " Phil got 8 promotion. the Republicans will win. girlfriend 3 Life stages go ~ out with a boy / have a baby ~ girl ~ get engaged ~ get married Unil4 ----------------------~ Together have mon3 children ~ get divorced . She's going to get manied. 0 em't have a big tnJse. )( We're gotJg to the movies. 1 fax expressions that mean statt a fri€ndship become friends. prog.) "I were you.:. U I went abroad next year. -We can put the clauses in either order. John's flight arrives at 16:20. form a friendship . plans or intentions: 8 decision made before Examples I'm going to study We use the second oondiOOnal to talk about a future result or action • 's lX1IikeIy because the concition in the if clause wi probably not be fuIfitt. or feel at the time of speaki"Ig will / won't + verb personal opinions about the future and predictions based It's goilg to rail. Vocabulary Summary 1 Family Types of family: traditional lamiy one-parent / single-parent / step prediction that depends on a futtxe cx.) We also use this conditional when the state or action in the if clause-contrary to a present fact: "I had a big house. U. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning of the sentence. would I wouldn't + infinitive If M8Iia went to the party. S two words that suggest a romanti: friendship boyfriend . 3 If I they I offer me I <J 2 Predictions about the future Fonn Use Examples gXlg to + verb predictioos for whK:h we have eVdenoe rv::m. then I won 't go. I'd probably go to Europe.. good friend. We put a comma after the if clause when it comes at the beginning ' the sentence. I'd get 8 new job. If he told her he loved her. one j. use gohg to. (otten with time adverbialsj We're leaving tomooow. We use might when the result is less certain and could when there i element of ability or possibility. I'll give a lot of money to poor people. I'd be much happier. If J met Nicole Kidman. I'll accept it.. first conditional and one in the second conditional. Make two complete sentences from each set of prompts. with think and adverbs such as definitely.. baSed 00 SCfl'lE!thOg we can see. She might marry him if he tokJ het" he loved her. I'm seeing John tonight. I'll cancel the babysitter: We can put the clauses in either order: I'll cancel /he babysitter if James Is staying at home tonight. we could move to the country.g. appointments made. e. I./ Sometimes going to and the present progressive have little or no difference in meaning: What are you doing this weekend? W1lat If someone famous were coming. lflhey offered me a new job.) Fo. concerts The concert starts at eight o'clock. It is possible to use other present forms in the if clause of a first conditional: If James is staying a/ home tonight.) I think the Democrats will probably win the lfl won the lottery. great friend ." Adjectives: ftiencIY lXlfriendly Find these words or phrases from the lists above.) I'm going to feel bad tonight. I'd accept it. 4 11 / I / meet / Nicole Kidman I I /ask / autograph If I meet Nicole Kidman . and other modal verbs (usually might or could) in the main clause: +""'" the tine 0 1 speakKlg definite plans: tickets medicine.

"Very few Yf'41Ly an: .m 1:0 k groi Wt:e-n.d 1m. Socond.~.YOU. 'n = . o.enimg IS a great sI<. Rrst.in 7If:}f op:nam.*. 1:0 t. . the writer argues for or against a main point of view.ren!.eiy OpiniDrlS. . and a senSe of ye~ .p:Jrtan/... b When you have fi nished . ~.Ys..e cl. Step 4: Read the drall and focus on improving the organization of ideas. discuss this question: D:J you think the tradition8l fam!ty unit is in danger? Why? / Why not? ~<K1 REVIEW Review your action plan: figuring out t he meaning of new w ords In pairs. 1 50me 1 The pwp(.i"Ve 4 Using fixed phrases in an essay a We use many fixed phrases In writing formal essays.ey. aYe st. Step 5: Write the final version of the essay. 2 Respect is the key to the preservation of the family. a RII in the blanks in each of the definitions below vvith introduction. main body. .. in fi/l:y years (JY SO tile 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly wJl k <kep T/.ieved th.. ~yS of the famuly sMu1d re5p«l wd.9 to sIww d.S and ciuuben should Want 1:0 Wt:en 1:0 each ci/wy.anl in a happy famuly.f blunk J. the famuLy Wiay and . Step 3: Write a draft version. the~ " the ~ of fyudgm and -. Jtaweny.. is true tfuJ1 there are a td of pessures on.CYeaSe in stngtepa. Being rich does not guarantee happiness.:.h. The arguments for or against the main dea. tfus is 6ed adl...cd.on. d/. Although To sum up.ey saw tf.i!L wIu. . Note: you will have to discuss your essays/discursive essays at the end of Unit 5. the language. Answer 2 is the best title. It also introduces the main idea of the essay in one sentence that can either come near the beginning or the end of the paragraph.. • Jina1Ly. For example. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: writing a discursive essay If this type of essay is important to you for academic. Expressing other people's opinions Agreeing with other opinions Disagreeing with other opinions or a situation Some people saylbelieve tha1 .z o C) A discursive essay 1 Thinking about the main topic In a discursive essay..... Of personal reasoos.-eaf...:'/'t._~:~_ . 'WIticA famuL}! kes can be 5trengt/Jened. compte1eLy.wmkr of things thd can 6e d./ agree /:hal. m'e a n. . -values sucf. Here are some possible essay titles: LMng in a small family is better than living in a big one.." -ve'1f ''''f'J>'Ia. _ .a/.. show each other and talk about the important new words you learned from the reading texts in Unit 4 . fO/rl'li.e.heiy ~S . 5 Applying what you have learned a In pairs. f ~ IAalthe famuly " lJ<.hem is a th.{y and firmLy. .t:me to imprcrve ~s wIlkn the famuly .aJue IS "Very i?>!fXJrl. ._ _ _ _ _ ! _~e:r<:tVt: oiLgalums 'n the family. paYe:n). ~r fuu a ngN 10 e-:r.. .It " the.. ~ I"~~):. It restates the main idea of the essay and often finishes with the personal opinion of the writer. . Jiyfl of aiL. Study the list below and then add at least one example from the essay to each category. Together Unit4 . 2 The conclusion summarizes the main points dOCuSS6d. Function Expressing the writer's opinion Examples In my view....tn:J. I believe that . b Check your answers with the teacher. many pe<Jf/. 3 5ecortd.muni. &n. and the punctuation. Technology has made life today easier. ..~--' .h. and conclusion.. 1>-0LiiIinnd famuly Iaiay .. .e. of the essay are discussed here..e:rs OY far th.~ . It is true that .pess their 'ViewS clea. in about 250 words.cf. why not 'Mile one? Here are some basic steps: Step 1: Look carefully at the title and brainstorm ideas.1n . . professional. the main body of the essay. ~ >- 1 The fut ure of the traditional family is under threat... ..--'.ai.ance I. AliAo«gh wd. Say how you figured out lhe meanings. Step 2: Organize your ideas into paragraphs. inm-ves Bi"Ve and I:ak... compare your answer with the model on page 149. fay dh. ' . It is not true that .J o 0.. cI.e and this ~ of c.:y.e c!turm tha/.e..cn.Y main body can be made up of two or more paragraphs..Ctzl:i.cen CQm. then. b Compare your answers and justify your chOice. - ~ ~ ~ &:II: 2 Thinking about the main idea a Look al these three titles for the essay below and then read it. complete paragraph 4 in the essay on the lell.ia!.stru.J > Ll....I ieliew thd d is im. However.>----. Farst of aJl.famulies 10 _k Iogdher 10 strengthen /:. as msped. 3 The dangers facing the fam ily's survival can be prevented.e nu-mUr of di. ["Ven 1:Jwugh. to tmk at ~s in.s in 5cn>Ie pa-ds of the wrJrtd.ety 10 disappw. d is 'W'I'On. fqr.gns of this cYiSiS bxw. 3 The introduction provides the reader with the general direction of the essay.Idh.b. o ---' Ll.isYesped. b Under1ine the main idea of the essay in the introduction and in the conclusion.'V(JYCeS and the .:i GMng examples to support your argument Usting your points Expressing contrasts between two ideas Making conclusions 5.-c1»:t.. Which title is the besl one? 3 Organizing a discursive essay This type of essay is usually organized into three parts: the introduction. ~--. .ch. and the conclusion. Before you read an example of a discursive essay. /.

. Read Ihe a rticle again and correct them. In grou ps. • •• • • • water cooler armcha ir answering machine c Write fl defin it ion of an object from Exercise lb (or choose your own) .-ne dishwasher armchair food processor ironing board a lann clock dishtowlli cutting board ""'" """'" photocopier fax machine 7tII1Ck-ne filing cabinet mouse pad paper clip hole puncher correction fluid sticky notes ans. Others are soft or malleable 5 Planes have carried radar machines since radar was invented.orrer.f' Yl:ng . 3 Reading skill s a Look at the pictures with the article on the opposite page.g. USEFUL LANGUAGE USEFUL LANGUAGE 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects a In pairs. .. read tho descriptions of usefu l. 1 What informat ion about plastic was !lew to you? 2 What plastics do you use in your everyday life? 3 Do you profer plastic or natural materials? Why? c Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. read ou t the deflll itions for other students to guess the objects..cn.. Write a title for the article.g 7>Ii1du. plastic 6 Plastic is the perfect recyclable material.. Say these compound nouns to yourself. found by accident 3 Parkes found that collodion turned into a solid if it was ex posed to i!.. e. discuss these questions. 1 Society today uses a lot of traditional materials in the home and office..tion fluid 4 (1 flat surface that you put under a computer mouse so that it can move smoothly mouse pad 5 a contai ner that stores and chills drinking water water cooler b Put tho words from the box below in the table. d In groups. mouse pad.ing verb Irs a kind of machine 10 piece of equipment that . What are these objects made of? What do you think is the mosl common material we use today? b Read the article quickly and check your answers. Use the pictures and the li sl in Exercise lb to help you. heat 4 plast ics arc hard and durable.ir. Is the stress on the firs t or second word·~ washing machine paper clip dishwasher ~ b Li ston and check your answers. Some. UnitS Eureka ! .i118 verb? inventions and guess what they arc. . or both? washing mach ine paper clip dishwasher water cooler annchair answering machine food processor ironing board alarm clock hole puncher dishtoweI fi ling cabinet correct ion fluid slicky notes photocopier mouse pad cutting board fax machine ft"s the thing 11"0 use at home I in the offi ce fo r . 1 a small pieco of bent wire that we usc for holding pieces of paper together paper clip 2 small pieces of paper with glue on the back that are used for sticking notes on other papers and surfaces slicky notes 3 a white liquid used for covering mistakes in somothing you are writing r. in tho office. new/modern/plastic 2 Inven tors spent a long li me trving to fin d the fi rst plast ic.. 's a small gadget/device/machine thaI . ad-.. J. not a perfect Home Office Both au.2 Pronunciation : stress on compound nouns a Compound nouns are made of two words. Wh ich items can be found at home. everyday What do you call that stuff/thins 1I"t' use for + . usi ng at least two of those words: invontion material accident importa nt most durable fortunate li fe-changing history c These statemen ts all contain factual errors.

read the words in each column aloud and ask. for example. the stress is always on the firs! word of compound nouns. In English.nd five interesting inventions . teads directly into the pronunciation focus of the next exercise. They should correct the mistakes and then look back at the relevant part of the text to find the answers and check their changes. Ask students what plastiC objects they can see in the classroom. between Ihem. students take turns reading their definitions aloud and guessing the objects. Then divide the class into groups of four to six. Ask students to find them in the text. meaning by asking students to use the adiectives to describe obiects in the classroom. Which one does the class think is Ihe most useful invention? 1 Vocabulary: everyday objects Have studcnts work in pairs to match the descriptions in Exercise 1a to tho objects. r.an eraser. Remind them to use the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. long-lasting soft silky '" soft and smooth like silk light heavy The oudloscrlpl for Track 20 is on poge T49 ~ Eureka! T 48 Unit 5 . with the exception of a 'form clock ond co 'rrection fluid. Note: Students may disagree with somo of the answers listed. splitting the original pairs.Objectives Grammar Topic: inventions Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading third conditional everyday objects stress on compound nouns a magazine article Speaking hypothesizing Put students in pairs. Suggested tiUes: The most important invention in history A fortunate and li fe-changing accident The most d urable malerial in history Have students work in pairs to correct the statements in Exercise 3c. In their groups. 3 Reading ski lls Have a brief class discussion. Many of the words in the text are descriptive adjectives. Make sure both students write. tough". The strong stress In each case is on the first syllable of the first word. Ask students to listen and check their answers. Give them a time limit of four minutes.pairs 10 teillhe doss who! they chose. rubber bond. Answers: All the objects in the pictures are made of plastic. students to repeat after you. Tell them thol they have one minute to 1001:: in their purses and pockets and. hard. eliciting student answers to the questions in Exerc ise 3a. •• Pronunciation check 2 Pronunciation: stress on compound nouns Have students say where the main stress is in the compound nouns in Exercise 2a. Play the audio for Exercise 2b. a fax machine may be found in both homes and offices. As you elicit answers from the closs. Check. •• A good way to manage Exercise 2c is to put students in pairs to write definitions. This check. poper clip. Divide the class into groups of four to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 3d. Have students copy the table in Exercise lh into their notebooks and then work in pairs to complete it. strong rubbery hord durable". lind remind them to use the phrases in the Useful La nguage boxes. Tell students to skim the article in order to do Exercise 3b. Briefly review the answers with the class. ond why they think these ore useful inventions. etc. Let students chock thoir answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 56. Ask a lew. Answers will vary.

m onitoring students and taking notes on any common mistakes you hear. Same languages use a compound subjunctive structure In the ifclouse. which has no equivalent in English. clause. w~---------------. washing machine paper clip dishwasher water cooler armchair onswering machine Unil5 T 49 Eureka! . Let students check their answe rs in pairs before as king individuals to come to the board to write their sentences. and then ask students to rew rite the sentences.without saying who mode them. go over the example carefully. For example: work hard to do have more!less free lime wash/walch/listen to/use hod to been able to more/less healthy more/less Ihings In on aclly/ty like this one. where students are trying to use a complex structure in a fluency actiYity. Common problems and errors Using would in both clauses instead of just in the if. Then put them in groups of four to discuss the questions. write a few random phrases on the board a t the start 01 the activity which they might use to help them form sentences. Parkes wouldn't hove discovered plastic if he weIMlR'! /. In Exercise 4d. Go around tho class and help. Walk around the room. Quick grammar guide In many languages there are structures similar to the third conditional in both farm and meaning. Review the rules and the form. AI the end of the activity.tt LA 4 Grammar: third conditional Have students work in pairs to answer the chock questions in Exercise 4a and complete the rule in Exercise 4b. If your students find it difficutl to be imaginative. The main problem with the third conditioool in English is remembering to get all the parts right. or cooditional. Ask the class to correct them. it is a good idea to go around the closs monitoring and noting down errors.19\'8 !eft his collodion near heat. 5tudents often try 10 reflect the subjunctive by using would + have + past participle in the conditional clause as well as the main clause. wrile three or four errors you heard on the board . For Excrciso 2 on page 48 11. 5 Speaking skills -Conection guide Give students a few minutes to look at the questions and think of answers. Don't interrupt students talking in groups iuSI note down errors with the third condilional that they make.

very durable and. + 1!:!mM + have + pust parliclple (. was launched in l862.honge shope easi ly (. Parkesinc. Plastics are extremely useful because they arc cheap to produce. Replacement bod y parts are even made from plastic today! We obviously need this material..everything these days. Just think. computers. easily moldable substances. ~ and cars.{. technological d evelopment would have been a lot slower. Because some plastics are resistant to extremes of heat and cold. we really wo uld have found the " wonder sruff"! GLOSSARY d Rowrite thu sentences by putting the underli ned words and phrases in the correct order. If Parkes hadn 't disco vered that first plastic technological development would have bee.'}j. if we could develop a plastic that was 100% recyclable. 1 If + .di!lli llillild a lot of people would have died.how many of the things in your home or Jffice. they have facilitated the development of things as diverse as kitchen equipment and the space shuttle. he wouldn't have become the nches! man in the world. 4 Did Parkes d iscover the first plastic? Yes If Al exander Fleming hadn't discovered penicillin. to stop bleedi ng call (. The first plastic. from grocery bags and children's toys 10 furniture. gradually rot.p~st . tools you're using. which he realized was a reaction to heat. and discovered that the liquid had tumed into a tough. of plastic may be recycled.stcin hadn't d iscovered relativity. kill thousands of fish and other marine animals every year. . went to his medicine cabinet o ne day to get some collodion. before then radar machines were roo heavy. 1 3 If Ein. is the most common material in your environment? "Jur lives would have been vcry different if plastic had not come along 150 ycars ago.Recent history has seen countless new inventions that have changed the lives of most people on this planet. which was conunonly used in film ~ making.dn. an Englishman. ~ he htut. 2 Was techno logical development s low? No 3 Arc the events in the sentences in the past or 4 present? Past Can we change the facts? No 5 If Bill Gales had nol started Microsoft Microsoft If slarted Bi!l Gates hill1 llQ1. malleablc. 5 Speaking skills In grou ps. wouldn't ~ havc llil d iscovered he wouldn't have discovered 8ravity. discuss those questions.. are made of materials we didn't know 150 years ago? What.'t CYeaf:ed the Y"e6 he ha'"re ~ a ~ at 'JrLJr. rubber y material. Plastic is used in just about -. for example.:t h wouldn't havc becomc a profossor at MIT. ~ . How wo uld your life have been different if you'd boen born 50 yoars ago? 2 How would life. silky fabri cs. light and safe.!!.. and in the no t~too-dista nt furure about 40". Since those early days m any different plastics have come into existence: hard.ff 7i:m. Chuck your a. have been d ifferent for your great grand parents (Circa 1920s) with these invcntions? washing machines TV video I DVD .ollodion malleable 1 ~ the Web . Plastic bags thrown into the sea. Just look around you . strong. durable plastics.If Tim Dem ers Lee lli!. in comparison with glass. or disappear . ' ' 2 If Isaac Newton hadn 't sat under the ap ple tree 4 Grammar: third conditional a Look at thi s scntcn(. c 'IHJI&:i'}j.llswur with the Grammar Summary on pagu 56 .lQLQf ~ . In fact. ma rc and more people arc recycling. liquid used ill medicine. the Internet modern medicine . it came aboul through a very fortunate accident. the H yatt brothers in the United States im'ented a similar substance that they called cellulo id. Alexander Parkes.Ientisis wouldn't havll created a tomic weapons.o from the article and answer the questions. Imagine carrying a pack of fo ur twoliter glass bottles hom e from the supermarket./liLr/Jl!. wouldn 't a t?ml ~ weapons have SCientists created S(. and it was o nly with the d evelopment of light plastics that radar could be fined to planes. and discarded plastic can be d angerous. a lot slower. in a papcr bag! But it can take up to 100 years for plastic to d isintegrate. clothes that you're wearing. b Find a similar sentence in the article and <:amplete this rulo for the third conditional. However.'t disintegrate break up. If Parkes hadn't discovcred that fi rst plastic. but like many inventions. soft.L. At about the same rime..

• healthy heaM + gd circularn OY'fJ"ns of choc. (Remember to use abbreviati ons. in about 1500 Be. look at yo ur notes. Can you add an ything to improve you r partner's notes'! c In groups. a Swedish scientist renamed cocoa theobroma or "food for the gods" . Chocolate has also been shown to release endorphins in the body: these chemicals help to reduce pain and stress and make you feel happy. chocolate has grown enormously in popularity. mill in US U K. which means "bitter water" . Daniel Peter had the idea of adding milk in the chocolate-making process and produced the first milk chocolate. Cocoa soon became fashionable in Spain and Portugal. Chocolate contains substances called flavonoids that can help maintain a healthy heart and good circulation.ptg counh-:/' Bril'n '>--1-- Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 forms of chocolate chocolate spreading to Europe how chocolate may be good for you the most "chocoholic" country in the world d In pairs. One of the biggest chocolate-eating nations is Britain where the average man. 3 In 1544. leave out articles. and child eats a staggering nine kilos of chocolate a year! In fact. 1765 Baker ~ Hanan lsi choc. solid chocolate was becoming familiar. In 1876. incredible chocoholic someone who is addicted to chocolate Unit5 Eureka! . in Switzerland . not only as a drink but also as a medicine. discuss the questions. chocolate was becoming fashionable with the middle-classes. 2 But who first discovered this wonderful way of keeping healthy? The Olmec Indians of Mexico and Central America were the first to@Jow cocoa beans. Researchers warn that although chocolate is good for you . woman.c Read the article once morc and underline the import ant details. 4 By the middle of the century. a r . discuss these questions. according to American researchers at the University of California. chocolate is the number one comfort food and there are more "chocoholics" in Britain than anywhere else in the world.) 1 Reading skills a In groups.has fta'VGnoids. wh y not? 2 If you do. and the Mayas were drinking unsweetened cocoa hundreds of years before it became fashionable in Europe. 6'g choc eaf. etc. Then read 'Paragraph I the article and check your answers. introducing chocolate to the average citizen. Then complete these notes wit h those details. otmecs grow cocoa ma!fas drink cocoa 1511 choc went -7 Spain + Pori sotui choc famd. it should be eaten in small quantities . Paragraph 1 the popularity of other Paragraph 2 choc good foy !fou . 1 Do you eat chocolate? If not. The Spanish were the first to add sugar to their cocoa drink. In 1765. James Baker and John Hanan opened the first chocolate mill in the United States. S Since then . The word chocolate comes from the Nahuatl word xocolatl. how much chocolate do you eat? Are you a chocoholic? 3 When do people eat ch ocolate? Why do they like it so much? the origins of chocolate SCIENTISTS SWEET OVERY! 1 Good news for chocoholics: the treat preferred by millions all over the world is good for you. In 1753. a delegation of Mayan nobles visited Philip of Spain and gave him jars of cocoa as a gift. GLOSSARY circulation the movement of blood around the body staggering amazing. In the 17th century. The researchers have discovered that cocoa acts like aspirin and that eating a bar of chocolate once in a while may contribute to a healthy diet.and with no added milk. 1 Is chocolate good or had for you? It's good in small quantities 2 How was chocolate first Ilsed? As a drink 3 Which country has the most "chocoholics"? Britain 'PaYag Yaph J 'Paragyaph 1 b Read the article again and match each paragraph with a short summary.

I'm honored.and adults .and that we get more heart diseose and other problems related to dietl II makes me mod. that something chocolatey comes in first? Why is that? Matt Well. Encourage lots of speculation... - Eureka! T 50 Unit 5 . Why doesn't the government do something to stop kids eoting so much fost food and soft drinks packed with sugar? Why are soft drinks and snack machines allowed in schools? Why doesn't the government pressure the food industry into cutting down on the dongerousry high levels of fat. Then ask them to do the some for paragraphs 3.good heartening meols with lots of calories .. things with lots of butter. Host But I must soy. flavanoids. Ask students to read the article to check their predictions. and so many of them are really ovel"VoJeight . is meatloof. you look at kids today. and check with a parlner. or want to f~ kind of taken care 01.. and we encourage people to eotless fat today. Ask students to read the article again and match paragraphs to the summaries in Exercise 1b. yeah. Put students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l e.. everyone. you know. like burgers and those with high sugar and salt content. healthy heart. comfort foods tend to be ones we associate with Mom and Grandma. too Host I see. Comfort foods do taste good too bad they usually have a high fat content Host 50 they're comforting. Then ask students how they would complete the note for paragraph 1. Moll. chunky.s. with meat and really fatty. release endorphins. gravy.. After students have done Exercise le. Host . starting next week. Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Have students discuss the pre-reading questions in Exercise In in small groups.. we all have our own favorite comfort foods .s. tends to be meat. Matt I suppose it depends on each person. feel happy. I've always thought of comfort food as salty.. Matt your baked chocolate cheesecake has just come in at the top of our vie'vVel"S' "best comfort food" poll. When we get older.. reduce pain and stress. good circulation. Matt ThaI's so right . Host Irs a bit of a cliche.. um . notetaking is a challenging skill to acquire. asking students which words they would underline. and salt in foods? trs not surprising that you see 011 these fat kids ... comfort foods are what we ate at Grandma's house.. good wholesome food.. Have them write their notes on a separate piece of paper. tasty dishes..-. we like flavors fram the past. but I bet there's not as much fat in a good stew or meat pie as in some stuff people eat today. creamy .the food we eat when we're upset or depressed.Objectives Vocabulary describing foad Topic: food Reading a magazine article Ustening interview with a TV chef Speaking discussing foods and diets Write on the board: chocolale cocoa milk sugar bitler drink solid xocolotl chocoholic Ask students whot the words hove in common. you know? Host Whoa! I think we get the picture. something hot and very filling.really hot. then elicit answers.. One of the top comfort foods in the u.and irs what I wanted to come bock to. We have to teoch them to cut down on fat-filled processed foods. and another is a thick meat stew . Plus.-... potatoes. Irs comforting.. Point out the abbreviation. here in the U. healthy diet. Then ask students to underline key phrases in paragraph :2. what will comfort food of the future be? Candy bors and bags of chips? You know. A good way of handling Ihis activity is 10 go through the first paragraph as a class first.. For mony students. isn't it. Write healthy heart + gd circularn on the boord.-. Thanks very much for . complete the note for :2. . I'm sure that you'll be showing us the way with your new TIl series. Presentation alternative 21i'-. after a long day at school or who! Mom served when we were siCk. but not very healthy? Matt They used to be thought of as healthy . You see.-..but of course people used to have a much more active lifestyle and could burn off all those calories.. even if Mom and Grandma never cooked anything that didn't come out of a con i Matt I'll come back to thaI. and 5. Well. Underline (or write in a list on the boordl: good for you. 4. ask them to exchange their notes with a partner and make additions. sugar.. When you see families eating so much garbage today.comfort food .irs scary. Answers will vary.-. chocolate is a great comfort food ~ sweet sticky. our ideas of what's healthy have changed. acts like aspirin..----. For Exercise 3 on page 51 !II Host Well. Anyway .. you know . Congratulations! Matt Thank you. and fewer carbohydrates.

yogurt In Exerdse 2b. Unit 5 T 51 Eureka! . sick. ask students to work in pairs 10 describe foods. Eot a I'aried diel .it cou ld be food like chocolate and candy. Afterwards. 0011'1 snuck belw(J(Jn meals. legumes Protein : butter. Ask students in pairs to discuss tho words in Exercise 3b and together predict which ones they will hellr in an intervi ew about "com fort'· food. etc. play the audio aga in. using words in the Useful Language and the Language Note boxes. rice Fats: buller. pasta. green vegetables. The audiascripl for Tra ck 21 is on page TSO II. potatoes. Find out which foods they th ink am the most healthy and which are the least healthy. On the board. We cat "comfort" food when we are depressed. chocolale.•• 1i ffi 2 Vocabulary: describing food Ask students to work in pairs to match foods and nutrients in Exercise 2a . fish. If students aro not sure about the answers. jam Vitamins and minerals: fruit. oil Fiber: green vegetables. legumes. chicken. upset. bored. cal more frui l and vegetables. cookies. or it cou ld just be our favori te food. st ressed. End this part or the lesson by having two pairs of studen ts combine to form a group of four and discuss the queslions in Exercise 2d . Then ask them to tell their partner aboullheir typical diet in Exercise 2e. Ask studonts to listen lind check their predictions. Ask students to complete the blanks in Exercise 3d and the n check with a partner. yogurt. red meat Sugar: honey. or food Crom our childhood. milk. eggs. As groups report their answers. bu ild up a list of ways of improv ing our diet: Suggested ways of improving ou r diet Cu i down 011 fasl food. t ·· ~ 3 Listening skill s Ask students about "comfort" food : IV/wi is it? Elicit examples of types of "comfort" food: chips. 4 Speaking skill s Ask st udents to read the opinions in Exercise 4a and decide which ones th ey agree with <1l1t1 why. find out whether the class generally thinks we should improve the healthiness of our d iet or whether they think it's okay. etc. Suggested answers: Carbohydrates: hread. cake. very tasty food. Suggested answers: "Comfort" food is food that makos us foel good . Thon put student s in small groups to toll ono another their opinions. milk. elici t ans wers from students. Don'l add a /01 of sugar or salt 10 food. Play the audio fo r Exercise 3c.

I LANGUAGE NOTE We say a foo d is high / /011' in or full of something.. fatty / oily I . 1011' in :>(/It I sllgor . but it tends to be 2 hot and fi lling. \Vhat we think of as comfort food depends on each 1 person/individual. \'Vrite olle wurd or phrase ill each bhulk. c Do yotl have a hea lthy diet? Make a note of what YOIl eat on a typical day and discuss it ill p<lirs.! . 2 Vocabulary: describing food a Chocolate tastes so good because of its combination of sugar and fat. What kind of food do you think this is? When do you think we eat it? b Look at the words and phrases in the bux. and the y are often dishes we assor.g. They usually have a high 5 fat content and may be thought of today flS unhealthy. lentils) red mea t rice yogu rt b Look at the foods in the picture and describe two of them. Do you agree with him? Why? I WilY not'l 1 We associate comfort foods w ith all!' childhood. there is a lot more fat and 6 sugar / sail in much uf the processed food we eat toda y. They're full of vitalllins. 1 What balance of foods makes healthy diet? 2 Is obesity a problem in your count ry? Why / Why not? Is it worse thiHl twenty years flgo? 3 Is obesity in children a problem? b Can you think of olher ways of improving people's dieU . using the Useful Language below.3 Listen ing skills a You are guing tu listen to an interview with a TV chefflbout "comfort food". rich in vitamins / protein / iro n .. 3 People often eat garbage todny. Look <. . high in millcm/s / c(lrbuh yd m tes . . cabbage.It this list of nutrients ill food.~ tarchy X i:> f IlII of f at / sail / S Ug (lf / fi ber . it is alwa ys positive: Liver is rich in iron. Listen again and complete this summary of the interview. spinach) honey jam milk oats oil pasta pot<. 5 The food industry shou ld cut down 011 fat flnd Sfllt in food. d In groups .ltoes legumes (e. cnrbohydra te V fat content V fruit and vegetables fiber grandma V healthy V low in calories mefltloaf v overweight V potatoes V sour sweet V Listen to the interview and check your answers. We usually eflt comfort foods when we fcol 3 upset/depressed .grandma .~ olty / sllgmy / creamy / healthy / unhealthy / . 4 The government should do someth ing to stup children from eating junk food. ' Most chips are high in fat alld salt. If we say a food is rich ill somothing. l lowever. discuss these questions. Which types 01' food in the box be low do you assodflte with them? Food nutrients: cflrhohydffltes fats fiber protein Sllgflf vitamins and minefflls bread butter chicken eggs fish fruit green vegetables (e. USEFUL lANGUAGE 4 Speaking skills . These can be positive or negative: Eat your vegetable.g. beans. which results in a population that is 7 oVt:rweight and suffers from problems such as 8 heart disease .1 The chef ill the interview has the following opinions. 2 We do not have an active lifestyle today.ifltc with ollr mom and 4 . Check the ones you think you will hear in the interview.

and Columbus was By.00 ml e . We do know that he sailed in part to fulfill a religious quest: he saw his journey~ a fulfillment of a divine plan for his life. other commo~. 3 Tht! crew of the three sh ips on the voyage of discovery was made up mainly of criminals.. GLOSSARY serendillity when something valuable is disco\'ered by luck quest a search for something Everyone knows the name of Christopher Columbus. in fact. Columbus: I known reason for this Voy~ge Of course . he ha -~ edly discover 0 . which is now part of I art Columbus left on the voyage of discovery from the south of Spain. Take. 4 There is no doubt that Columbus was of Italian descent. Spain . st The discovery of the New them by sailing west rather th~n ea .as not a happy one for Columbus. on May 20 1 In hiS ~wn apartment attended by family and friends.. traveling . and he was unable to send a of 9. thiS time. he also took women 10 the New World. "'-" i third voyage w.'2 . 1 Columbus set out to prove that the earth was round. ask and answer the questions you checked in Exercise 2b. there are as many myths as truths about the man.'as with any historical icon. 6 No women traveled to the New World with Columbus..Serendipity - 1 Speaking skills How much do you know about Christopher Columbus? In groups.. However.I) those questions... ed the Americas. - h~~.. Contrary to popular belief. Can you answer any ofthe othersY If not. The Spanish say he was from Spain. l ID 2m 3 !!!l 4m 5 1!:) became a sailor at an early age and had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made famous voyage in 1492. so he was arrested and re turned to Spain ' . "I settlers rebelled against him.~ea~~:~n ~~e East Indies. V' 1 Where was Columbus born and misedY 2 When did he leave his native country'! ict V 3 What were the reasons for the "voyage 4 5 V6 7 8 of discovery" in 1492? Who sponsored ColumbllS on his voyage of 1492Y Where exactly did he land at the end of the voyage? What were the reasons for the second and third voyages? What was the percentage of women traveling to the New World in 1498? What was the reason for his death in 1506Y c In pairs.01d baCk. try to find out the answers. in a Spanish prison. and. ch~lns. In 1". some evidence that he was born in 145 Genoa. On his third voyage in 1498. He made two further voyages before the er of the century. QUI~IIY at the age of 55 in Valladolid. He was a I I nch man at the time of his death. the disagreement about his Some people say he was a converted Jew. There is. .l Islands (now part of IndoneSia). fore a claSSIC case d n World was there .. What was in question. Columbus was not a well man and he diF' .y for a new route to the Sr'''e was that Columbus was I~ In~nd he believed he could rt. Unit 5 E ureka! . decide if these common beliefs about him <lrc true or false. of ~serendipity". however. b Which of these questions does the article answer? Check (. 5 Columbus died in poverty.g there had been a mistake. taking Europeans across to colonize the new lands. 5 He when he unexpect d had sailed for 3. the King and Queen soon I i saYln. was the size of the earth . 2 Columbus began his journey in order to win glory and riches. Then decide on the correct order of the paragraphs.. 1500.. Columb'os didn't sail to the Americas in order to find out whether the Earth was round: at the end of the 15th century almost everyc knew it was a sphere.. for example. and the Italians claim he was from Italy. in chains.-. with a crew made up mainly of experienced sailor" from the area. 2 Rea d ing skills a Read the paragraphs about Columbus quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1.its circumference.

There ore many words in the text connected with travel. Write the words from the text below in two lists on the boord. died. A reach joumey find set sail go back B discover leave voyage return arrive lin/atl Culture note Additional activity Inote: a voyage is a journey by seal Eureka! T 52 Unit 5 . 2 Readi ng skills Set II time limit of five minutes and tell students thaI they have to read very quickly in order to put the paragraphs in order. As students work on Exercise 2a . find Oul whether they know any other facts aboul Columbus.. Columbus was sponsored by Ferdinand V and Isabella of Spain. Ask students to put a checkmark next to the questions in Exercise zb that the article answers. LeI students check in pairs before sharing their answers with the class. disc uss with the whole class whether the ··beliefs·· in exercise 1 are true ur false. etc. Presentation alternative - Ask students what clues they might find in a biography that will help them put paragraphs in order: order of dotes: order of life events . Student answers will vary. he landed in what is now the Bahamas before soiling on to whal ore now Cuba and Haiti . When sludents report back to the class.Columbus . To find the size of the Earth and to fu lfill a religious quest. Afterwards. A good way to start the task is to ask studenls 10 read the first line of each paragraph very quickly ond tell you which paragroph has to be the first. reveal any truths at this stage. To take Europeans to colonize the new lands. if any. Ask students what grammatical clues might help order paragraphs in a story: use of the post perfect: use of before and affer: use of shortened forms and pronouns . Then pili students ill pairs 10 ask and answer the questions. but don'. remind them to refer to the Glossary. t . there is between the words they have matched.Objectives Grammar Topic: the story of Christopher Columbus Reading a biographical article Writing a short story Speaking discussing myths about Columbus past perfect simple and prog ressive Write serendipi/y on the board and explain thol it means when something valuable is discovered by luck. This task can be very time-consuming unless students know how to approach it Plan to spend a little time preparing students for the task.he. At the end of the first voyage. Answers: They are all false .Christopher Columbus . Briefly discuss students' answers with the class. grew up. Ask students to lell you what difference. Ask students Whol is the {uckiesllhing fhol has ever happened to yoU? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Pu t students into groups of four 10 discuss the "common beliefs" in Exercise 1. Answers: In the text: He was born in Genoa. and then ask students to match each word in A with its synonym in B.was born.

C . Presentation alternative Introduce the shon story in exercise 4b and pre-teach vocabulary by writing the following phrases on the board and checking their meaning: off-duty (firefighter) = not working grab (0 fire extinguisher) = toke hold of suddenly a burning smell smoke put out a fire". The next student has to vvrite the next sentence... sb Columbus felt depressed because tbe Portuguese king bad refused to help him. Students will make a variety of errors and will need plenty of practice. Ask one person from each group to read their best story aloud. and then ask students to make sentences. had made journeys as far as Iceland and Guinea before he made his famous voyage in 1492 A . ask students to write the sentences on the board and underline the past perfect forms. Give students a few minutes to think of a "serendipity" story of their own.. Point out another use of the past perfect in the Language Note. Additional activity Put students into groups of four. 3c Columbus was delighted when Isabel agreed to help because he had been looking for support for his journey. Answers: 2e Cohunbus was impatient to set off because he'd been thinking about this voyage for years. Common problems and errors The form of the post perled progressive is long and complex. Afterwards. Ask each student to write the first line of a story at the top of a piece of paper. They have to use a connecting word in the sentence. You could let students compare their notes with those of a partner before they write their stories. Let students check their answers in pairs before you ask individuals to come to the board and write their sentences. He thought he had arrived in the East Indies.000 miles. he had been sailing for three weeks and had sailed for 3. extinguish Ask students what they think the short story in Exercise 4b might be about. students to pass their piece of paper to the next student in a clockwise direction. using a connector... Go around the class helping students with ideas and vocabulary. Then ask students to read the story and fill in the blanks with words from exercise 4a. have students work in pairs to find past perfect sentences in the article. Quick grammar guide The pas! perlecl simple and progressive ore used to refer back to something that happened earlier. Students should pass on their pieces of paper so thaI each story goes around their group twiceresutting in four eight-line slories per group. and then ask them to use the questions in Exer cise 4c to help them make notes. Go through the example carefully in Exercise 3d .. there had been a mistake The clause with the simple past happens first in time. Ask s1uden ts in pairs to choose the correct answer in Exercise 3b.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive In Exercise 3a . Answers: 8 Columbus . Ask students to write the story and then exclHlIlge it with a partner. Ask student readers to ask their partners at least two questions about their story. Go around the class and help. 4d Columbus was anxious to travel because he had been reading about Marco Polo. They ore often used in narrafives and often used with connectors like ofter or before. Then ask. Uni15 T 53 Eureka! . then pass the piece of paper. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their note books and then work in pairs to complete it.

1a cdw"rnj.. .en k yeacfwd !and kcause he tlwughl he Iuui drtoYerrd the [ad.dJ. Read you r partner's story and ask questions to fin d out more information . Time links six years ago. 7 fo rtunalely . e He had been looking for support for his journey. the clause with the simple past or the one with the past perfect? b Look at the diagram and choose the correct answer. because unfortunately. e Look at the sentence and complete the rule for the past perfect p rogressive. was on my way home from work one evening 1 six years ago . change one evening to one morning. ® before the time referred to in the simple past. When he unex pectedly discovered the Americas. 6 While ! wus talking. although so. when.g. 1 Write the story. 3 after the event in the simple past. Look at the underlined phrases in the story above an d try to use similar phrases in your story. LANGUAGE NOTE The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: b Read the short story and fill in the blanks with words or phrases from Exercise 4a. while either . and then write your own story. also. e.In. when/where d id the event take place? what were you doing at the time? what had you been doing before the event? what was the unexpected thing that happened? • what was the result of Ihis unexpected event? d Use your notes to write the story (approximately 120 words) of "a case of serendipity" . Find aile sentence in the article that means the same. Theil he made his famous voyage in 1492. II was raining 2 ~ the streets were deserted. I had been driving for about 20 minntes 3 when I no ticed a strange burning smell. phrases where you can .. a woman ran in. 3 Give it to anot her student to read. suddenly And-type links I __ sailed for 3. laler. 5 ~ I pulled off the road. fortunately. d He had been reading about Marco Polo. eventually after that. Which part of the sentence happens first (in lime) . or It was raining to The sun \Vas shining. or.. luckily.000 miles when he discovered the Americas. PAST 1492 + But-type links NOW Cause and resuillinks Feelings and attitude Columbus had sailed for 3. 1 Why was Columbus hap py when he reached I'll never forget the day I met the love of my life. The past perfect tells us that something happened . we got married! c Think of a case of serendipity in your li fe or in the life of someone you know.. You are going to read another short story about serendipity. d Make sentences by joining the questions and answers below with because. ju mped out of the car.2 Read yo ur story and correct/edit it if necessary. he had been traveling for three weeks. she had been passing the store at thai time! 'TWo years 8 laler . in the end. The manager let me use the phone to call a garage. also although as soon as because eventually fortunately in addition in the end luckily suddenly later too when while Find other sentences in the article using the pasl perfect..us "W!lS fuzpP1J 1+"h. The woman explained Illat she was an off-du ty fire~figh ter. as soon as. put these connecting words and phrases in the table. and .. b The Portuguese King had refused to help him.es. and ran into a compute r store. Wh y did the King Gnd Queen apologize to Columbus? Because there hod been a mistake. Usc the questions below to make notes about the story. neith er . We form the past perfect progressive with had + past part iciple + -ing verb. . unless. smoke started pouring out of the hood. grabbed a fi re extinguisher. Columbus made journeys as far as Iceland and Guillea. E ureka! Unit 5 . loo but. e He'd been thinking about this voyage for years. First.000 miles ----. and put out the fire. and. using connecting words and land? 2 Why was Columbus impatient to set off? 3 Why was Columbus delighted when Isabel agreed to help? 4 Why was Columbus anxious to travel? • • • • 5 Why did Columbus feel depressed? a He thought he had discovered the East Indies. 1 at the same time as the events in the simple past. nor. 4 Wri ti ng skills a Columbus' discovery of tile Americas is one of the most famous examples of serendipity. 4 Suddenly .. in addition.3 Grammar review and extension: past perfect / past perfect progressive a Look at these two sentences.

the TV wil! continue from the point where you left off. and l iVo keeps recording ahead so you won't miss a thing. and has Internet access. and that will eXIst In th o fut ure. Unit5 E ureka! . do online banking. MultiPhone If you're looking for a cetlphone that lets you see the person who you 're talking to. this new mu lti·pu rpose phone will keep you happy. or see aU the action as it happens in slow motion. If we had a gadget for ironing automatically. It can store up to 3. book travel tickets. replay ii.000 pages of text. much more! Handy scanner The C·Pen pocket scanner means you will never have to search the streets for a photocopy store again. ex ist. think of inventions or discoveries that 2 Task In grou ps. Give your reasons.. TiVo TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to interact with Jive TV. and much . When you go back to normal viewing. a video camera.. Which of the gadgets . ThiS is the ideal gadget if you su ffer from Repetitive Action Syndrome. and is basically a small portable scanner that can read and memorize a text line. It allows you to send e·mails. 1 What will it he used for? 2 Who might use it? 3 Where will it be used? (at home I in the office . and the cursor wilt move where you want it to. you just think of the command that you want to give to the computer.by-line and then transfer it directly to your PC. J 4 Wi ll it be useful to a lot of people? 5 will it be attractive and stylish as well as useful? 6 will it he expensive? 7 Will it be easy to use" 8 will it sell in other countries? have changed our lifestyle in important ways. With TiVo you can pause the action on TV. tlw invention of plastic b Think of poss ible inventions that don't. Thought-control computer How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts and acts upon them? You won't need a mouse or a keyboard. It looks like a high lighter pen. invent a gadget that you think is go~ng to be useful to you or other members of your socmty. life would be much easier for people. Usc the texts below to help you..1 Warm up a In groups. and plays your favorite CDs. and for people who are physically disadvantaged.. Discuss these questi ons. 1 already exist? 2 do you think are going to exist in the future? 3 will never exist? d Which of these gadgets would you like to have'! Why'! I Why not? 3 Prepare Write a description of your gadget (about 60 words). c Read the descriptions below of four gadgets. ye! but that you think we need.

Presentation alternative 3 Prepare Using the ideas from exercise 2. Example: one person acts as a facilitator. Eureka! T 54 Unit 5 . have students work in groups again to think of possible inventions. One person writes notes. ask students to write a short description of their gadget (60 words). Let them discuss their answers in their groups before describing them to the whole class. ask students to feod the descriptions and answer the questions. Encourage all possibilities. then elicit a class list and write it on the board .Objectives Grammar Topic: inventing gadgets Reading defining relative clauses. 2 Task Divide students into groups of four to six to invent their gadget. have students in groups make a list of inventions or discoveries. In Exercise lb . first and second conditionals specialist magazine ads Ustening a description of a gadget Speaking inventing and presenting new gadgets 1 Warm up In Exerc ise la . Assign students roles in their group. making sure everyone speaks. In Exercise I e . One person draws 0 picture of the gadget. Answers will vary. Ask them 10 discuss their answers to the questions.

Ask students to work with a new partner to describe their ohjects.. Ask students to listen for answers to the questions and then d iscuss them in small groups or as a whole class. CyberBug is a device that allows you to listen in on people's conversations. 6 Notice Read through the rules about relative clauses and go ovor tho oxamples as a class.. 8 Is the eorpiece obvious? A Not at all.. uh . and ask questions. Divide the closs fnta Group A and Group B.. in your in-troy at work. How would you like a computer that understands your thoughts . Answers: CyberBug is a device thai allows you to listen in on poop Ie's conversations .. . one person from each group 10 stand next 10 the description. You can put the box in your bog or briefcase. Ask the rest of the closs 10 walk. It consists of a little box that contains a microphone and amplifier. 8 Excuse me? A Yes. Ask.. Irs very small and irs mode of skin. . A Okay. and you can hear people who are talking up to 50 meters owoy.. For example: cellphone camera MPJ player Discmon TV remote control Each group has to describe words to the person who can't see them. our gadget is called CyberBug. Then have a class vote. ready 10 answer questions. Write a lisl of everyday objects on the boord.colored plastic . fo r people who are physically disadvantaged After students have completed Exercise 6b. or even on your belt at the gym. let them check their answers in pairs... read the descriptions of the gadgets on the wall.'----------------------------------. ff you're looking for a cell phone that lets you .. and a small earpiece...4 Feedback Ask for a few volunteers to tell the class about their gadgets. When the student has guessed the word. 7 Follow up Give students a few minutes to think of an everyday objcct and how to describe it. Unit 5 T 55 Eureka! . t . One person from each group has 10 lurn around so that he/she con'l see the board. '1J Iii' •• 5 Compare Play the aud io for Exercise 5. basically a small portable scanner that can road. Answers: TiVo is a remote control system that allows you to .. Which group can guess alilhe words first? ~~. around. Additional activity Collecllhe wriHen descriptions and posllhem on the walls of the classroom.. he/she can move on to Ihe next word.... Put students in pairs 10 lind and underline examples in the lexts in Exercise 6a.

[f your reaction times are slow. 5 Compare ~ Listen 10 someone describing a new invention. II is a precaution that police can use to slop drink driving. Do they describe things or people? What information do they give us? b Combine the sentences in each pair with a relative pronoun. and ask questions about them if you want. 7 The police can then arrest people. you can hoor people who are talking up to 50 meters oway.4 Feedback a Describe your invention to the class. It consists of a little box thai con/oins a microphone . The poUce can then arrest people who are drunk and shouldn't be in their cars. This measures your reaction times.s on.. The people have had too much to drink. it sends out a signal. Take notes on the other groups' inventions. or who. The switch immobilizes your car. 2 The sensor identifies people. The people are drunk and shouldn·t be in their cars. b Vote on the best invention in the class. II also contains a switch that immobilizes your car. It fits in your car. Make notes about it and describe it to your partner. we do not use commas: CyberBug is a device that allows YOIl to listen in on people's conversations.. 5 If your reaction times are slow.. 7k . 6 It also contains a switch.. Answer !J18 questions. The police can pick up the signal. yJUY caY.d 5e"-'" ~ a 9mOfl gadfJd !:Iuzf. a Read the descriptions in Exercise 1 again and underline examples of relative clauses. it sends out a signal that the police can pick up. 7 Follow up Choose an everyday object. 4 The sensor is attached to a computer. Police can use it to stop drunk driving.fuf. 3 It is a precaution . according to the criteria in questions 4-8 of Exercise 2. fd. To do this we use clauses beginning with th at. 1 What is it and what does it do? 2 Would you like to have one? 3 When would you use it if you had it? 6 Notice 'Using relative clauses in descriptions When we describe ob jects (or people) we often add information that gives important details or differentiates the object (or person) from others. Don't name the object! Can your partner guess what it is? E ureka! Unit S . If the information is essential to the meaning of the senlence. . The sensor is attached to a computer that measures your reaction limes. The sensor identifies people who have had too much to drink. 1 The Alcohol Sensor is a small gadget. which.

when. 1 high in salt 4 oity but healthy 2 sour to the taste 5 rich in vitamins 3 very unhealthy 6 starchy We had been living in Chile for several months before we really feJt at home there. vitamins... fiber. it Fonn past perfect si~: subtect + had + past participle I had already seen the movie. bitler.. I had become quite profICient in Spanish befrxe I visited Latin Amerk:a. after.. using the clues given or your own ideas.. It is oftElfl used with connectors such as before.. healthy. our friends left. (The Russians didn't use nuclear weapons in the Cold War. UnitS Eureka! .'ho are not at home or in the offIce.hole punch er 3 This machine takes telephone messages for people v. thel1 our friends left. 3 If I had won . The past perfect progressive is used for ongoing actions or situations 'Nhich continued until. sally. our friends had 18ft. Fonn If + 5 Why were her eyes red? (cry . 1 This is something that I use 'Nhen I want to cut up vegetables.. If Penny hadn't gone to the party.. she wouldn't have met Jeff. sour... (Our friends left. cutlins honrd 2 Past pertect simple and progressive Use To show sequence in the past. Find two types of food In the box that are usually . Vocabulary Summary Home Office water cooler photocopier fax machine Both answering machine filing cabinet washing machine dishwasher arrnchaK food proce=.- 1 If I hadn't studied .) We can also imagine consequences of something that did not 1 INhy did Isabel leave John? (fall Il love . Then underline the relative clause in each one. he wouldn't have failed his 6 Why did he wreck the car? (drink .. ironing board oIarrn clock paperclip hole punche< correction fluid sticky notes mou"" pad 2 If ' hadn't met .... low in . or stopped just before the past time we are talKing about: sugary.. i.e.. high in .'Cause he had ~'Cn drinking. rich in . so I didn't want to last night. arx::I minerels Adjectives describing food: sweet. ) They missed t he pl ane hecause they had arrived too late. 2 It's a device that makes holes in sheets of paper.) He wreck~d the car 1 >t. fatly. We can put the clauses in either order: Penny wouldn't have met Jeff if she hadn't gone to the party. . 4 If I had been born in . She got her degree after she had completed all the courses successfully. oiy. fats. when in reality it did: If Fleming hadn't discovered peniciUin. starchy Expressions: full of ' .) We were really /ate and when we anived at the party. protein.) The past perfect is often used to give an explanation for something: 5 This is very useful for people v. see it again past perfect progressive: subject + had + been + -ing verb Susan had been waiting frx an hour before Tom anNed. We put a comma after the if clause if it comes at the beginning of the sentence.. ) Her eyes were red would / wouldn't + have + past participle past perfect. If Ross had studied harder. wouJdn '/ have fJflded in the '990s..... sugar. rNe arrived. Think of explanations for the following problems.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Sum mary 1 Third conditional Use To talk about actions or Situations in the past that are contrary to knoINn facts... 8/ot of peopJe would have died from bacterial infection.) Isabel left ' oh n because sh e h ad fa llen in love with someone else.. happen.. (Fleming did discover penicillin. .) 2 Why did Mike have a stomachache? (eat a lot . then compare them with a partner. Why did they award her the Nobel Prize? Because she had fought for peace aU her life. when we imagine consequences of actions that in reality didn't happen: If the Russians had used nuclear weap::l(lS in the Cold War. Compktte the third conditional sentences.'ho find it difficult to wake up in the morning! al arm clock 6 This is a type 01 cabinelthat we use lor storing files arx::I papers. food p rocessor Note the difference between the simple past arx::I the past perfect: I cutting hoard We were really late and when we 8IriIIed at the party.. for an action that happeoed before another. unhealthy. then we arrived. answer i n g machine 4 This is a machine that you use for a lOt of jobs when you're cooking.. filing cabinet 2 Describing food Nutrients: carbohydrates. dishtowel cutting board 1 Everyday objects Read these descriptions of gadgets and decide which object from the box they describe. 3 Why did they miss the plane? (arrive late . 4 Why were the streets wet? (rain . heart problem Will had been experiencing pain for several weeks before his was diagnosed. ~'Cau se she h 011 heen crying. ) Mike hu d a stom ach ach e because h e h ad eaten too much . ) The streets were wet because it had been raining I it had ra ined .. exams. creamy.

discuss what you do in these situations.. Check that your partner understands. I didn't understand the part when you said you wanted to leave the job. 1 Speak English in pairs during class.U > L. I want to leave the job.. That ma kes me feel very insecure. Look at these groups of phrases and match them with the situations in Exercise 2a.. Well. b In pairs. . often = 3 b Add up your score and check the key on page 149. Did you write a discursive essay? If so. This is normal when you learn any foreign language. 4 Talk for one minute non-stop about what attracts you to other people. Um . you mean that you want to leave the jOb? 7 Speak English to other non-native speakers. 2 Strategies for getting around problems when speaking a However much you practice speaking English. Then complete this action plan . I want to leave @ myjob. 1 From now on. I am going to speak more English in class by . If not. ~ . talk about your action plan from page 47. Practice the strategies. • You also want to know if it's okay to say "to move on a diet" in English.. Eureka l Unit5 . show it to your partner. 2 Talk about your studiesljob. take turns talking about these situations. 6 Talk to American friends in English. 9 Speak English to native or non-native speakers on the phone. Have imaginary conversations in English. 3 Practicing the strategies ~ a Usten and repeat the phrases from Exercise 2c. see how much you can remember about discursive essays arKllheri compare your ideas with page 47. how can I put it? I want to leave my job.. 0 0 0 0 ill bottles of wine? 2 Is that clear? Do you understand me? @) What I mean is. . $coring Add up the fX>ints you received for each question: never = 0. for example at an English language club. 1 Talk about your fam ily.U o 0. ex Speak up! Are you missing those valuable chances to practice your speaking? Take this little test and find out by checking the boxes on the right.. 2 Speak English in groups during class. 2 From now on. what I want to say is I want to leave my job. S Talk to friends in English.. Then the other person says somet hing and I'm suddenly lost because I don't understand them. rarely = 1 . me. Note: you will have to report back on your action plan at the end of Unit 6.. 3 What do you call that thing for opening Is there a word or expression for when you can't think because your mind is frozen? Can you say "my mind went blank" in English? 4 Uh.. there 'Nill always be moments INhen you get stuck.z z o C) ~ Speaking 1 Maximizing opportunities to speak English a The best way to improve your speaking is to speak! Check hOw well you are doing by complet ing this ij<J<J REVIEW Review your action plan: Discursive essays In pairs. 4 Talk to classmates in English outside of the classroom. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 mreo sometimes often 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 O· 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 c A gcxx:l way to manage these problems is to learn some phrases to use when these situations occur. ACTION PLAN [> Your action plan: making opportunities to speak English Talk to your partner about how you could speak more English. sometimes = 2. please? 1 Could you speak a little more slowty I I'm sorry.0 Sometimes I feel pressured when I have to say something . I am going to speak more English outside of class by . let me think . Then I have to st op and that really frustrat es 20 I' m tal king and everything's okay. 3 Speak English to your teacher in class.0 If I notice that the other person doesn't understand me. b In groups. but talk quickly. 10 Use a dictionalY to help with pronunciation and stress. ::J questionnaire . And the pressure makes my m ind go blank. "- 10 I'm speaking and suddenly I need a word or ph rase but I don't know it in English. I . 11 Record yourself doing a role play or 12 reading aloud.. ® say that again. How often do you do the following? >- o --l L.. - 8 Speak English to native speakers. look at the problems these students of English have and check the ones you have experienced.. So. .. I usually panic . I need t ime to think exactly how I'm going to say it. 3 Ask your partner to help you: • You don't know the word for people who are addicted to chocolate.

we use . b) 200 (3)2.000 words 3 Approximately how many plays did lope de Vega write? a) 20 Tho spoaker is 100% suro thi s is not true The speaker is f 1 3 4 5 6 2 100% sure this is true c Now complete these rules about ded uction and possibility in the past. J must have done that. or .000 words! 3 ~11~ h. @»They died on the same day. ® 37. the remote control.co.. A Have you s(.m..1 or CQuldn'l . Complete them with modal verbs.ll.m.'Cn my wallet? I can't find it anywhere. c Cover the dialogue and practice it again. This time change IV(Jl/fJ/ (e.:cJjn't JuiVl!. and for possihility . it isn't there. then practice it with II partner.000 plays. Do you agree? ~ c Listen to some peop le discussing the q uestions and check your answers.. Guess the answers if you don't know them . B Well . thoy .000 words c) 370. 5 But they cou l( have orne from Ecuador. . L How certAin arc the speakers in each of the sentences above? Put the number of the sen tence in tho correct place. You could have left it in the car. for certainty that something is nol true. words. A No. @ Ecuador c) the United States 5 What are the Canary Islands named after? a) a type of bird @ a type of dog c) the daughter of a queen 6 What was the first name of King George VI of England? a) George b) Philip @JAlbert b In pairs.IdI. I already looked.am + past participle Use: for certainly that something is true.. I didn·t take it out with me. keys.u.g.vnyrdn'l h~ written 2. Unil6 WOfds. you mighl have put it in the dmwer.. so theyG n'U ~wrillen the same number. my cell phone. H Ah! Then yOlL must hilve left it in the bed room when you c1wnged earlier. e} They wrote the same number of plays .:~v ~een AlLert.1 Speaking ski lls a Take the quiz below.. Listen to tl~loglle.700 words 4 he j 'hl hav Titten 200 plflYs. words . A Oh. Form : modal vern + .. or Philip. I have h.".written the same number. A No.. . Circ:le the contractions YOll hear in Exercise 2a. 2 How big was Shakespeare's vocabulary? a} 3. yes. J cill1 'l have left it there. my glasses) and change the places suggested flbove. That's 1 What do William Shakespeare and Miguel de Cervantes have in common? a) They were born on the ndlct~ possibl ~ same day. 2 Grammar: deduction and possibility in the past Listen to some sentences fro m the discussion. 2 So Shnkospellrc€ 91ad a vocabulary of 37.000 4 In which country were Panama hats first made? a) Panama 3 Pronunciation: co ntractions Listen to the sen tences from Exercise 2a again. discuss your answers.ighL. 1 Shakespeare wrote lots of plays. I'll check. B No.-~:::-.JlliI>-. .ust. That's (j J supposo Or it ~~. ~ no idea..ld.h.

Darren's right. Draw a line all the board. Bul why are they called Panama hots Ihen? B I don't know. 1"11 just check . LeI's check. A You do? C Irs a type of dog.'righL He wrote histories. Shakespeare's vocabulary. e I think irs more likely b.irs b. Thars possible. Ecuador e WeH. so should we go for 0. go ahead. con I lake over here? A Yeah. Monitor students for pronunciation mistakes with contractions. S Okay. I'll take a look.16161 was England's greatest ployv. elicit answers from the Shakespeare 11564. question 2. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. And the answer is. B Yeah. Thors ridiculous l A I agree. What are the Canary Islands named after? A Let me lake a look. C No. 24~-----------------------------------------------------------------------------. comedies. ighI. t agree... They must have been mode in Panama. King Lear. B No.. B I'm impressedl Okay. A Is that so? e So Shakespeare must"ve hod a vocabulary of 37. best known for Don Quixote. I know the answer. calm down. Ask students where they think the other sentences go on the line. irs too obvious. b. and then have them circle the contractions they hear on the audio. 200? C Well. and tragedies.. B WOWI Thars amazing I Hey. Play the audio for Exercise 1e. George Vl's first name. Ask students to listen and read and underline or circle any part of the dialogue where there is a contraction. notably Hamlet. because people didn·t have records of births in those days. that was George III. so they can't have wrinen the same number.20 or b. man. In which country were BR Panama hats first made? C Easy. but Panama is 100 obvious. B Yes. words. No. Lost question. ond Romeo and Juliet.. how did you know thaf? C I learned rt in latin. question 1. What do you think? B Well. lers soy thaI. A Was he the crazy one? B No. The answer is c..37. Da you two know Lope de Vega? e I've heard of him. A So. thaI's stupid. / So. A Yep.000 plays.OOO! Lers look at question 3. I The audioscripts for Track 25 and Track 2G ore on page T59 "::.000. too. Next question. All Fine. (pauses to readl b! Correct . Very good l Okay. A Okay. Ask students to do Exer ci se 3e in pairs.000 words.. like the one in Exer cise 2b . But Ihey could hove come from Ecuador. B Okay. words T 58 Unit 6 . but thaI's ali. Ask students in pairs to complete the rules in Exercise 2e. his name could have been George A Or il may have been Albert or Philip. I have no idea e Me. e Well. Well. should I look at the answer? Right .000 and 60. So what do you think? B I've read thaI Ihe overage adult these days has a vocabulary of between 25. I don·t think so. The Canary Islands were named after dogs! B Well . Question 4. dramatist. Anyway. lope de Vega 1l562~16351 was a Spanish poet. Albert. didn't Cervantes write mostly novels? And Shakespeare wrole lots of plays. Wow. A Yeah.and there were dogs on the islonds when they were first discovered. I suppose he might have written 200 plays. A Good thinking' So irs either a or b. me. they couldn·t have been named after the doughter of a queen C Why nof? S How many girls have you met named Canary? e (laughs] R ight . II comes from the Latin word for dog ~ canis . and write 100% not Sllrc to the left of it and 100% sure to the rigbt. a possibility. neither. we're wrong. Culture note 2 Grammar: de d uction and possibility in the past Play the audio and ask students to complet e the sentences in Exercise 2a with the modal verb they hear. we did ok . Irs c.Objectives Grammar Topic: William Shakespeare Vocabulary literature Pronunciation contractions deduction and possibility in the past: must/cou/dlmightl can" + have + past participle Ustening Speaking a literary mystery a radio interview taking and discussing a quiz Reading Write on the board : William Shakespeare Miguel de Cervantes Lope de Vega Ask students What do these people have in common? Whol do you know about them? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills When students have tAken the quiz Ilnd discussed dass to find Ollt what students guessed . and novelist who wrote ploys about love and honor. I Okay.000 words! A Yep. Bul he couldn·t have wrinen 2.1 I Words. And the correct answer is . Ask students to listen and check their answers. 2. ~ 3 Pronunciation: contractions Draw students' attention to the example in Exercise 3<1 . Miguel de Cervantes 11547-16161 was a Spanish author and dramafist. but they did hove records of the death of famous people. I"m sure that Panama hals were first made in Panama l B Okay. but George was one of his names. fltlSWers with Il partner.

that he married Ann Hathaway. B No. Then ask students to writ e a few sentences compari ng de Vere and Shakespeare and telling why de Vere is a likely wri ter. il isn't there. no.4 Listening skills Divide the class into groups of four to discuss the areas in Exercise 4a . you're an authority on Shakespeare. This is very odd. There appears to be some controversy about Ihe great man today. yes. lhors not quite true. then who did? Unit 6 T 59 Words. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 6c in pairs.000 words. which was twice as large as mast cultured men 01 his time. th en do Exercise 6d as a whole class. Tell stuclents thaI it doesn't matter iftht:y dOll 't kn ow any answers. and that he d ied a rich man on April the 23rd. Shakespeare does not mention any books or any connections at all with his life as a writer. 6 Vocabulary: literature Ask st udents to comp lete the table in EXI~rcise 6a. For example.. Some people believe thal lhe lillie we do know about the man Iram Stratford suggests that he couldn't have written the marvelous plays and poems 01 the outhor "Williom Shakespeare'. Interviewer Prolessor Price. il is a bit 01 a mystery. although William Shakespeare is coosidered the greatest writer in the English language. Thars possible. I already looked. The loct is. 8 Ah! Then you must have left it in the bedroom when you changed earlier. he appears a little later as the au thor of highly cultured poems and plays. so they can't have written the same number. so if their son was indeed the writer William Shakespeare.000 wards! 3 But he couldn't have written 2. A Oh. I have no ideo. t must have done that. Yes. pu t stu dents in pairs to list r eason s w h y Shakespeare could n ot have w ritten the plays. Interviewer We know that Shakespeare hod a huge vocabulary. Rosalind. Indeed. Thafs ridiculous ! 4 I suppose he might have written 200 ploys. so he con't have hod a very good edu{Qtion. His porents couldn'l read or write and probably hod no books. You could have left it in the em. t can't have left iT there. He was a respected man in the community. [n Exercise 4d .and thars about it. All we really know is that he was born in Stratford. The question is. 5 Reading ski lis Put sh!dents in pnirs to discuss th eir answer s to Exercises Sa and sb. they sh ould try to u se modals to specu late. he wrote over 37 ploys and more thon 150 poems. Ask stud enls 10 listen and c h eck their answers. 5 But they could have come from Ecuador. wards . tnterviewer And his family? What about his porents? Price We know that his father worked with animal skins and was possibly a butcher.. There are no direct connections between this actor and businessman and the man who is known as the greatest writer in the English language. Give stu dents a four-minute time limit to thin k o f ideas_ Th en e l icit a class list and wrile it on the board. that they had three children. the greatest play in the English language? And if he did not write the ploys and poems 01 Shakespeare. As k students to listen . he couldn't have gotten his incredible learning from being at home till he was 20 years old l Yet. 2 So Shakespeare must have had a vocabulary 01 37.000 plays. and VIOla? Anolher curious point is thai in his will. Where did that come from? Price GQad question. Let th em check in pairs b efore the y [oak at th o Vocabulary Sum mary for Exercise lib. Could this be the man wh o wrote Hamiel. you might have put il in The drower. 1614. so let me begin by asking you why some people say Shakespeare didn't wrile the works of . Hc must have gone 1 collosc or His jather may have beell rich.md answer the questions in Exercise 4c. o o ~ Play the audio for Exercise 4b. t didn't take it out with me. William Shakespeare? [)on't we know who really wrote the greatest ploys in the English language? Price Well. but he wasn't on educated man. could this be the some man who created such wonderfully intelligent female characters os Portia. and we know that he was a businessman . 8 Well. Briefl y discuss answers w ith the class. I~ For Exercise 3 00 poge 58 " A Have you seen my wallet? t can't find it anywhere. Play Ihe audio agai n . 6 Or it may have been Albert or Philip. Interviewer BuT surely we have evidence that he was the writer? Price Not really. we do know he was an oClor. A No. we actually know very little about his life. I'll check. A No. in Stratford. yel William of Stratford's two daughters could not read or write. words. Interviewer But do we know he was 0 writer and an aclor? Price Well. 27'------------------------------------------------------------. The writer William Shakespeare had a vocabulary of 37. "~ For Exercise 2 on poge 58 " 1 Shakespeare wrote lots 01 plays. We also know for a loci that William didn't go to university and he may oot even hove gone to the Iocol school.

the Prime Minister . One offers Francis Bacon. but this seems un likely as he was assassinated ve ry young and couldn't have w ritten so many works. pointing to the most popular candidate nowadays. He studied law and traveled to Italy. he must have been an aristocrat.who is made fun of in Hamlet. and all his plays have mysteriously disappeared. 1 6 Vocab ul ary: literature a Complete lhe lub le with words and phrases about literature. S Reading ski lls a If Shakespeare d id not write the "works ofWilJiam Shakespeare". why did he hide behind the mask of "William Shakespeare"? Words. b Ca n you guess the answer to lhe last qlleslion in the texr~ b Che(. 1 Which of the kinds of writing in the lab Ie do YOll rend in English'r 2 Which do you read in your OWI1 lal1guagc? 3 Do you hnve a favorite wrilcr? 4 Who is the most fnmous writel' in your country? d Conduct a class survey nnd find out the answers to Ihose questions. Edward de Vere. words . William of Stratford would have been imprisoned or executed! De Vere was a respected wnter who stopped writing just when a genius called ~WiJliam Shakespeare" appeared on t he scene. 5~. make II list of reasons from the listening for why William Shakespeare cou ld not havo wrillellihe fnmolls plays and poems.espcarc". the 17th Earl of Oxford. discuss thuse areas. his fami ly his background h is education h is profession ~ b Listen to a radio interview about William Shakespeare and check your answers. discuss theso qt!(lslions. There have been a number of theories about w ho might have w ritten the greatest w orks of literature in the Engl ish langu age . Did anything surprise you about the infomwtion? Whan ~ c Listen again and answer these questions abou t Shakespeare.k your answers in tho Vocabulary Summary 011 page 60. Many people believe that whoever "Shakespeare" was. But if this is all true. Kind of writing poetry novel p lay hislory book hiogra phy drama movie screenplays newspHJler Wriler poet noveli st phlywright historian biographer d ramalist scnJen wriler journalist 2 3 4 5 o 7 H Where was he from? Strutf ord (Ens land) Who was he married to" A nn HuthUl vuy How many chi ldren did they have? 3 Whal exactly did he do fo r a living'~ oc/orlbusinessnUln What job did his father do'~ worked will! utlinlfl J skins I possibly u butch er Howald was he when ho left home'? 20 How many poems d id he wr i te'~ more thun 150 How many words did he know lind use in Engl i sh '~ 37. )1£ """'if >Ui hm< if"" 10 !dud. e In pnirs. Ch ristoph er Marlow e. Thon compare wi th a partner. which everybody agrees "Shakespeare" must have done. a high ly educated man for his ti me.000 d In pa irs. his biography fits perfectly. but his writings are very different fro m Shakespeare's.4 Listening skills a \V hal kind o f man (10 you think William Shakespeare was? In groups. then who did? Read the text helow and check IV ) the most likely candidnte. words. as some of his plays draw so much on the country. ddn'/ If' 10 aUcge. 1 Whnt arc the three most popular forms of reading'? 2 Which kinds of writing docs nohody read'! c Wrile brief notes oflhe reasons why de Vere is considered Ihe most likely writer of the "wO!'ks of William Shak. His poems and letters use many unusual expressions that are also found in Shakespeare's works. This romantiC character would have made the perfect Hamlet.. He was the son-inlaw of the most powerful man in the kingdom . Another t heory cites the great playwrigh t of t he time. People say only de Vere could have attacked the Prime Minister and gotten away with it.

® I was bom in the back room of a shadowy house. Read and malch each one with an opening extract. 1 Why is Ihe opening sentence of a story very important? 2 Which extract most makes you want to read more? How docs it do this? Unit 6 to kill prisoners by shooting them mummies dead bod ies preserved and wrapped in cloth (in Ancient Egypt) melancholy fee li ng very sad and without hope cnlving when a female cow is having a baby. . What kind of books / stories do you like to read"' Why? Choose from the reasons below. Aurcliano Buendia would remember th~t dlstan~ afternoon when his father took him to discover Ice. and human mummies. Words. bUilt on the bank of a river of clear water thai ran a ong a bed of polished stones .Fiction • 1 Speaki ng skills a Look at the wards in the box. adventure/act ion stories amusing/funny books detective/police stories historical novels horror stories love stories non-fiction science fiction short stories thrillers 2 Readi ng ski lls a These four extracts foll ow the opening extracts in Exercise 1b. Guess what kind of story or book each one opens. which means "l ife". book. cd a sausfactory d aY in which d· d or gotten any worse.. • USEFUL LANGUAGE Num ber one looks like it comes from a thriller. © @ d h 'd both been in and out They were brothers a~ t ey " of juvenL e Hall five urnes.. . h Read lhe opening extracts from four stories.. d ' was ten " firing squad a small group of soldiers whose job is @ My name is Eva. because I came into the world With a breath of jungle in my memory. - CD Years later. Dr. GLOSSARY h At that ti me Mac . The first time I ran away from school . 17\ ~ ' . words. ® He had attended a surprisingly easy calving. according to a book of names my mother consu lted. That can't be from a poem! 11 could be fro m a biography. and grew up amidst ancient fumiture. on a was a village of twenty adobe O" SCS.extracted a molar . she is calving abscess 8 painful swollen area on your skin or inside your body molar large tooth at tho back of the mouth Juvenile Hall a home for boys who got into trouble b Whi ch wortls helped you connect the sentences with the openi ng extracts? Underline them and compare with a partner. discuss these questions. ® Two o 'dcr guys talked me into it. words . Colonel. but none of those thmgs m~de me melancholy. lannis had enJoy none of his patients had Ie c [n pairs.. facing the firing squad. - • • • • • to relax to be entertained to learn something new to be moved to escllpe from reality to" " .s in Latin . lanced one abscess.

Answers may vary.'calving" C 2: key words: "l\vo older guys .. lord of the Rings Introduce the topic •• 1 Speaking skills Model the activity briefly. a historical novel. and find out what types of books are the mosl popular. He" . Ask students to match the extracts.. " "I came into the world" B 4: key words: "Or lannis" "palients" '. Briefly elicit answers from the class. 2 Reading skills Briefly introduce Exercise 2b by eliciting students' answers to exercise l b as a whole class. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise l b. or even non-fiction. " "They wore brothers . Perhaps an amusing book. Answers: A 3: key words "My name is .it must be autobiographical. " "I was born .. Ask Whars this novel called in your language? Who wrote if? What sorl of story is it? Have you read it? Whars if about? Would you recommend it? Why? Why nof? Suggested novels: One Hundred Years of Solitude... D 1: key words: "that distant afternoon" "At that time" Words. by describing what stories you like to read. words. and then ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise la. Answers to the second question will vary. Probably nOD-fiction. then discuss Ihe question in exercise 2b wilh a partner. and make the reader want to continue. words T 60 Unit 6 . It could be an autobiography. Like Water for Chocolate. Remind Ihem to refer to the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. Answers: The opening sentence is important because it must catch the reader's attention. Possibly a fUrulY book.. Unclear . Ask students to continue to work in pairs to discuss Exercise l c. set the scene. introduce characters.. Possible answers: 1 2 3 4 Perhaps from an adventure/action story.Objectives Vocabulary Topic: genres of fiction Reading Writing the continuation of a story figuring oul meaning from context extracts from novels Speaking discussing booKs and reasons for reading - Write the names of three or four well-known novels on the board and ask students oboullhem.

words . words. Answers: moved a bike by pushing the pedals (what you put your feet on) a narrow stream a type of smaJl. Then ask students to read all the stories and decide which ane they like best and why. The narrator must have felt nervous. or quickly put students into small groups and have a couple of volunteers sharo theirs aloud. They must have felt happy. They may have played hookey because they were juvenile delinquents I they were bored and haled school ! it was a nice day. Ask In what ways is the actual continuation different from your stoIJ'? Additional activity Collect the paragraphs and publish them by posting them on the classroom walls. they are brothers. monitoring and helping with ideas and vocabulary. Possible answers: The older boys do. Have students talk in pai rs briefly to predict the story.Ask students to look at the phrases fro m the story in Exercise 2c . Unit6 T 61 Words. Move around the class. ask some volunteers to read their stories aloud to the class. edible freshwater lobster somothing you use to attract and catch fish a type of meat food betweenlwo pieces of bread chocolate candy pieces softened in the sun bottom of a river or creek with no water said ··no·· Hi 4 Writing skills Ask students to follow lhe steps in Exercise 4 to continue the story. But the narrator doesn't know them well. Encourage them to use past modals to specu late. Ask students to read the story to check their predictions. When students have finished. 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Ask students to work in pairs to figure out the meanings. Let students check in pairs before going through the answers as a class. Read through the strategies with students before they do the task. Refer students to Develop Your Learning on page 35. Ask students to read tho actual continuation on page 147 ohhe Student's Book. Have students vote on which is best. Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2e. Ask students to read the story again and write true or false next to the statements in Exercise 2d . then elicit answers fTOm the class. The older boys may have felt il wasn't worth goi ng to.

Wrtff(1lunchtime came I had to share my lunch 'Nith the brotherS beCaUse they'd forgotten to bring theirs. page 53). 3 Make notes on the basic events.. c Read your paragraph aloud to the class.-ent doNn the creek.. 5 Add details to your notes. etc. 't d Read the story again. and wlil catch the attention of the reader.... for snakes until one of them got the idea of IcJ. go to page 147. 1 pedaled 2 creek 3 crawdads 4 bait 5 meatloaf sandwich 6 a melted bag of M & M's 7 dry bed 8 dedined 4 Writing skills a Now continue the story in pairs. False 3 They had fish for lunch. Use the strategies from Develop Your Learning on page 35 to figure out their meanings. adding connecting words (See Writing Skills. went.AngeleS. Look at the phrases that come from it and guess which story it is.. We caught crawdads 'Nith marshmalk'JW bait then tore the shells off them and used \. False Words. When you have finished. b Now write the next paragraph of the story. \. words Unil6 . False 4 The narrator gave his lunch to the other boys.c You are now going to read the next part of one of the stories.. They offered me a licI< but I declined. I must have been six then.. I atwaYS hated meatloaf. They ate the M & Ms first.ever sit up en the seat all the Wf. The ooty otrer time I'd fNf$ been to los t>r.. ttreijr meat to catch more cravvdads.Nering our bikes dQIM1 into the aqueduct and riding along the dry bed IJltil we reached lOS.. even though I suspected LA was at least a hurdred miles ~. Imagine that you are the narrator...j. sad.r. We hid the bikes in a stand of eucatyptus trees at the edge of the Afra'IO and.getes was wtlen my aunt took me to the Farmer's t>Aarket in her '44 Dodge to loOk at the myna birds. The bike I stole was too big for me so I could r. 6 Start forming sentences. Which is the best continuation? d To find out bow the original story continues... or d ramatic. Follow Ulese steps: 1 Look at the lasl few lines of the story. Unit 5.. 2 Decide if the next part is going to be funny. I didn't eat any of the meatloaf sardwich eijther. adverbs of manner. So I \. 5 The narrator ate meatloaf sandwich and chocolate. We stole three bikes out of a back yard and took off for the Afra'IO Seco.. 4 Think of a sentence that will continue s~ooth l y from the last part of the story. 1 Do the boys know each other well? 2 Why did they play hooky? 3 How do you think they felt about school? 4 How did they feel when they stole tbe bikes? 5 How about when they caught the crawclads? 3 Vocabulary: figuring out meaning from context Look at tbese words from the slory. such as adjectives. I spread the contents of the paper bag ~ out on a big !\at rock. then read the extract and check your predictions. A meatloaf sandwich· A metted bag of M & Ms. 1m. e In pairs. guess the answers to these questions. especially the last sentence.. I pedaled standing. Draw on your own experience and imagination . False 2 They took their bikes with them. Especialty cold and between bread .. A carrot vvrapped in wax paper 'Nith a rubber bard arourd it. I said 'yes' to ev6!'jthing. Are these statements true or false? 1 The boys went on a vacation .. stole three bikes a short vacation at the edge of the Arroyo a big flat rock tore the package open reached Los Angeles They told me it would just be like taking a shOrt vacation . check your writing. Try to predict what might happen in the story.. The rest of the afternoon we climbed around the hills looking . Tore the package open and tiCked the chOCOlate off the paper. words...

. . Magician Harry Potter brings ® riches to author m_~~"". Like that of her character. Her fans arc quick to point out that despite her success. it got rave reviews on both sides of me Atlantic.as changed since Harry POlter~ndnt~\. OSllVe Ilegat' . world-. I you might see the artIc os that the hcadl'Ines Come from? 1 /1 mUst USEFUL LANGUAGE be about . has made his creator wealthier than Quee Elizabeth II. Rawling. who rescued her from her life of rags and brought her one of riches. unemployed. Ie will express a 1\ e poml of View? Why? 3 Where do you think . Rawling wrote Harry Poner and the Sorcerer's Stone at a table in a cafe wh ile her daughter was sleeping.' e .... ~ GLOSSARY rags old and shabby clothes offshoots something that dcvelo s Ii e.~::~i~hle~k your ideas from ExerciseO~~. Divorced... The38-year-old author is now the ninth richest woman in the u. Harry.K.. is now richer than the Queen of England. . e. she is one of the bigy donators to charity that me country has ever seen. writing Harry Potter offshootS and giving the proceed s to her favorite causes. How do la:~c. OWan( make The headlines have bee 'k fro 'I naen m arl l~ es.K. Harry Potter. Rowling.Fact to fantasy 1 Speaking ski Us a ::::nOle5 of everything you know 1 the Harry POlter books :. . Rowling has become a full-time writer and has g iven up her tiny rwo-room apartment for a Scott' mansion and luxury apartments in born Edinburgh anu London.a mous writer. on e of the richest women in the world..:s ~~:~. . with a fortune estimated at one billion dollars. which have led to the publication of four sequels so far..K. They have all beel translated into more than 20 languages. it was her creation.g.~ 2 Reading skills a Harry Potter : ~". 3 1. author of the fantasy novels that arc popular with young and old alike. W()(ds.K. but once accepted and publish ed. Now the goodnews is that Harry Poner. Rawling.rom As the new Harry Pon er story was being eagerly awaited by millions of fans all over the wo rld. the author of h you think her n h t 0 Harry Polter books is b Read th . What are the articles about" 2 Which articles will express a p "r ' point of view and who h . a smaller campall fro I P fOm '. _.lIIother thillS. y m a arger compallY it 6 Words. me . J. J 1 2: The novelist's first attempt was turned down by several __ publishers.K. and living in a tiny Ed inburgh apartment with her infant daughter. or maybe because of it.:: the Harry POller movie~. it was announced that J. goes to China ~ for tourism @Hany Potter is magic Excrcis: I. words . J... • In the years slOce the appearance of the first H arry Potter story.h~:~ohneea dWI~s P:lblished? . Rowling's life resembles a fairy talc. the schoolboy magician and hero of the books. K. And like the proverbial prince. They must have been . b Look at the headlines bel I predictions...


Topic: J.K. Rawling and Harry Potter
Vocabulary avoiding repetition Reading a newspaper article

the passive

Speaking predicting from headlines


Divide the class into groups of four to six. Write the words Harry Pot/cron tho board, and then give the groups timo 10 jot notes down on everything they know about Harry Polter. After\vards, ask each group to share their three most interesting facts with the class.

Introduce the topic


Speaking skills
Ask studen ts to discuss the headlines in Exercise Ib in pairs or in groups. Encourage them to use medals. Point out the Useful Language phrases.

Suggested a nswers: Headline 1 Tho article is probably about the author and how sho has become rich. It 's positive. . It must come from a newspaper or magazine article. Headline 2 It is probably about how the book has been translated into Chinese and is proving successful there. It 's positive. It's probably fro m a newspaper - it might be from a publishing magazine. Headline 3 Irs probably about how the Harry Poller books have had a negative effect on read ing I the English language I literature or something like that. It's negative. It may come from a literary or educational article in a newspaper. Headline 4 It's about how people from all over the world are visiti ng places in Britain where Harry Potter was written or filmed. It's positive. It could come from an article in a travel magazine.

2 Reading skills
In Exercise Zn , elicit from tho class a few predictions about how J.K. Rowling's lifo has changed. Then ask students to road the article to answer the question in Exercise z b and check their predictions. Answers: Sho has become a successful writer, lhe ninth richest woman in the U.K., and she owns II Scottish mansion and luxury apartments. She gives a lot of money to charity. Headline 1 goes with the article.
J.K. Uoonnel Rawling did not use her first nome on the books because she lel1that boys might be put off reading the book il they knew it was by a "girl: She wonlS to motivate boys. especially, to read. which has been one 01 the great successes 01 the Herry Potier books.
Culture note

Words, words. words

T 62


Ask students to look through the questions in Exercise 2c and decide which paragraph might answer them. Go over the answers briefly with the class. Then ask students to look through the relevant paragraph for answers and discuss them with a part ner. Answers: no answer She was divorced, unemployed, had a small child. and lived in a small apartment. (para. 2) No. (para. 3) They "got rave reviews on both sides of the Atlantic.. - so, equally successful. (para. 3) No answer. Less than 38. (para. 3) No. She has given some money from "offshoots" to her fa vorite causes. (para. 4) Ask students to discuss the question in Exercise 2d in pairs. Answers: The art icle is positive. Supporting phrases include: eagerly awaited, popular, resembles a fairy tale, rescued .. . from ... rags (10) riches, rave reviews, one of the richest women in the world, biggest donators to charity

3 Vocabu lary: avoi ding repetition
Tell students to copy the table in Exercise 3h into their notebooks. Ask lhem to scan the lext for synonyms and paraphrases that refer to lhe author J.K. Rowling and lhen complete the table with these phrases. Answe rs: Adj(l(:tives divorced unemployed Adjectival phrases 38-year-old full-time Nouns author novelist creator writer donator Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels one of the richest women in the world one of the b iggest donators to charity

4 Gram mar review: the passive
Ask stude nls to work in pairs to match examples in Exercise 4a to uses. Ask students to work in pairs to answer the q uestions aboul lhe examples in Exercise 4b. Point out the Language Note on page 63 and refer them to the Grammar Summary on page 66 to check their answers.
Quick grammar guide

Passive constructions exist in many languages but often are not as commonly used as they are in English. A reflexive construction with on active verb is sometimes preferred, with the subject after the verb. not a t the beginning of the sentence.
Common enors and problems

• Students may attempt a reflexive construction which is impossible in English. ,ariF!' IRe B99/@; in Hong Kong. 's fJ'f.R.'99 IRe Be9.1r!; in Hong Kong. ' ~' ts fJ'fjR/e9 IRe Be9/@; in Hong Kong . • A common mistake is to make an active sentence without a subject pronoun. WI9/e her firsl book in Edinburgh. Answers: a No. It isn't important. b millions of fans eWe wanl to focus on "the new Harry Potter story " - this is the important or new information. d several publishers e 1 Someone announced that ... 2 Someone has translated them inlo ... 3 Millions offans weTO eagerly awaiting ... 4 Several publishers turned down ... They are still correct, but 1 and 2 sound odd. In Exercise 4d, ask students to complete the sentences ind ividually, then check in pairs.

5 Speaking skills
Divido students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions.


T 63

Words. words, WOfds

c Docs the article answer all of the following questions? Decide which paragraph you can find the answer in when possible. then answer the ques tions.
1 Why did J.K. Rawling write the Potter books? 2 What was her life like before the first book

b Look at these examples from the article and answer the questions.
1 .. . it was announced that J.K. Rowling .. . is

now richer than the Queen of England.
2 They have all been translated into more than



was published? Was she immediately successful with her first story? Have the books been more successful in the U.S. or the U.K.? How old was she when the first book was published? Has she profited from all of her books?

20 languages . 3 As the new Harry Potter story was being eagerly awaited by m illions of fans ... 4 The novelist's fi rst attempt was turned down by several publishers ...

d Is the article more positive or negative about Harry Potter and his author? Make a note of the words and phrases that support your answer.

3 Vocabulary: avoiding repetition
'a Read the article again and note all the references to J.K. Rawling.

a Do we know who announced the news in 1, or who translated the books in 2? Is it important? b Who or what does the action in 3, "the new Harry Potter story" or "millions of fans"? c In 3. the agent (millions of fans) is quite important. so why is the passive used? d Who does the action in 4? e Try to put the four sentences above into the active voice. Are they still correct? c Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 66.

aWJ,o, <f Ik fa~ >UJ>ds.. OiW>'Wi•. b Write the words and phrases you have noted in the table.

Remember tllat we make the passive with a form ofthe verb be + past participle: it was announced; they have all been translated. d We can use the passive in most tenses and verb forms. Identify the tense or verb form in the active sentences below and complete the passive sentences.
1 The publishers print the books in Hong Kong.

Adjectives divof1:ed unem ployed


Nouns author

Noun phrases the author of the fantasy novels




c We use synonyms and paraphrases to avoid repetition and help the flow oftexl. Find : 1 three ways the journalist refers to Rawling's occupation. au tho r, novelist , writer 2 four ways he refers to Harry Potter. her character. her creation . the schoolboy magician , hero of the books 3 three ways he refers to the books. fantasy novels, first attempt, four sequels, offshoots



4 Grammar review: the passive
a Look at the examples of passives. 1--4. Match them with the correct use from the list below. The passive is often used in ... 1 academic works, e.g. science journals: A constant temperature is maintained ... 2 manuals: Ensure that the plug is fitted correctly before ... 3 public notices: Passengers are kindly requested not to smoke. 4 newspapers: Find an example in the headlines in Exercise lb.




The books ... aYe pr-mled m. JWng Kong. Distribution companjes are shipping millions of the new Harry Potter book around the world. present progressive Millions of the new Harry Potter books are being shipped around the world. Several publishers rejected J.K. Rowling's first book. simple past J.K . Rawling's first book was rejected by severa l publisbers. The publisher has announced the launch date for the latest Potter book. present perfect The launch date for the latest Potter book has been announced by the publisher. They should ban the words Harry Potter. should + infinitive The words Harry Potter should be banned . They had made the first book into a fi lm before Rawling wrote the fifth book. past perfect The first book had been made into a film before Rawling wrote the fifth book.


We lise the passive when: a the subject of the action is unknown b the subject of the action is unimportant c we want to focus on new information by putting it at the end of the sentence d we want to avoid naming or blaming the subject of an action

5 Speaking skills
In groups , discuss these questions. 1 What books are being fead by kids in your country right now?
2 Make a list of your favorite books when you were

a kid and compare them with your group. 3 Which is your all·time favorite book? Why?
Words, words, words

Unit 6


1 Warm up
An urban myth is an often-repeated story. which mayor may not be true, of an unusual and sometimes terrible event that happens to an ordinary person, usually a "friend of a friend", The stories usually have a surprise ending. They are often told when fr iends get together at d inner parties or bars. a The sentences below are taken from Iwo different urban myths. They are taken from the beginning, the midd le, and the end of each story. Put them into the correct order. Story A; 1 Q!J 2 I:m 3!ID Story 8; 1 !g 2 ID 3@

b In grou ps, compare your answers and try to figure out what Lhe two stories are about . Use the questions to help you. 1 Who arc the characters in the story? 2 Where does the story take place? 3 When do the events take place? (morning/evening? present/ past?) 4 Is the story a funn y one, a thriller. a mystery. a crime story? 5 Docs it have a "happy ending"? Wo will como back to these stories at the end of the lesson.






Thi.~ must be from ... This could be the first one.

I ~ r-A------le--n-C;C,-e-e--'vCi-hCVCiCI-g-e--'v-o-k-e-u p-o-n~e=," ==i=g =to=fi=n=d==h=a=t====~------------------------------'-' co up i n c- l a -- ==o=nn n = = t
someone had stolen their car.


They later found that the thief had used their car for a robber y on the very day it had disappeared.


~----~=====================~------~~ @ A friend of mine was d riving along the Massachusetts Highway o ne
evening when he passed a young lady walking along the side of the road.


" Yes, the purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed more than 20 years ago in a car accident on the Massachusetts Highway."


The note explained the thief had taken the car because he didn't have a car himself and his wife had gone into labor with their first baby.

A couple of days later, he was cleaning his car when he cam e across
a wo man's pursC!=.

Words, WOfds. words


Topic: anecdotes and urban myths
telling an anecdote

Grammar Reading past perfect simple urban legends and progressive, third conditional

an anecdote

on anecdote

1 Warm up
Ask students to do Exercise la in pairs. Aftenvards, ask the class which picture goes with which story. Ask students to discuss th e stories in groups o f four, using the questions in Exercise lb. Monitor the discussion. but don't reveal any stories at this stage.

Words, words, WOfds

T 64

Unil 6

his wife had. Rob Great.. And? A nole?Oh? Simple phraseslwords Go on.. you know. pause the recording and tel] students to write notes to build up the story. I don" think I've heard that one.t 2 Task Go over the instructions for the task carefully with the class. the Vv"Ilole thing.. so . Oh. they got home from work to see the cor bock again. he'd enclosed two tickets for a Broadway show thor weekend. Play the audio for Exercise 2. ask students to listen to the story on the audio and check their predictions. the crook hod robbed their entire house of its conleots. Ask students to copy and complete the table in their notebooks. yeah . outside Rob Yeah. Ask students to write their stories from their notes and then exchange stories with another student to read. 4 Feedback Put students in pairs to tell their stories.. Shira I bet. Ask students to listen to lhe first piece of music. to make a long $lory short. Jane Mmm. And? Rob Well. Rob Hong on. and think of images. Trevor A note? '9~------------------------------------------------------. you know. words. they would still have their possessions. Jane Go on. good jobs. professionals.lOne You must hove heard it.. gorage. and one morning they wake up to find thol someone hod stolen their cor. Rob. rhey'd parked it outside rhe house the night belOfe. Answers Interjections Incredible! Oh. Then continue this procedure for the second and third pieces of music. 6 Notice ~ Play the audio for exercise 5 again.no. This Oduolty happened to a friend of a friend of mine . 3 Prepare Ask students to follow the guidelines to develop their story. and . il was a note explaining thaI the thief hod taken the cor because he didn't hove a cor himself. Have you heard Ihe one about the couple whose cor was stolen and. 7 Follow up Ask students to read the second urban myth all page 147 ofthe Student's Book and check their predictions. 5 Compare For Exercise Sa. I've heard it so many times! Shira Oh. you see. Shira Oh. . uh . pour me anather gloss of wine and I'll tell you. Stress the content and also have students support each other in reviewing the grammar and form of their stories. great. Trevor Oh. big house. Trevor Of course. Elidt wa ys of completing the sentence in Exercise 5b and write good sentences on the board.. yeah . you know. Everybody knows it. they later found that the thief hod used their car fOf a robbery on the very day it hod disoppeared! Unit 6 T 6S Words.. You must have heard it. Mmm. thanks. anyway. . later the some day. Rob Well. Shira Their cor was stolen? No. to make Ihings WOfSE!. Echo questions/repetition Their car was stolen? But you said they Of course... I bet. Shira But you soid they hod a goroge .. Rob. 1/ the couple hadn't gone to the theater. I don·tthink so. they went to Ihe show and when they got home offer it. right well. Rob So they reporled Ihe theft 10 the police. no. . Rob Oh. Trevor No. Rob So. with a note under the windshield wiper. Trevor Oh. Trevor Incredible! Rob Well. you know. Rob. The couple was delighted. gone into Iobor with their first baby. they hodn'r put it in the gorage. I love these urban mythsl Trevor Go on. I the house. and . with eyes closed if they like. to $Offen the blow. words . ITrack 28 features three excerpts of muSic. hove another drink. there was Ihis couple in Greenwich Villoge. they found thai while they hod been out enjoying their Broadway musical. After the first piece. Here. Rob Oh... stMra Oh? Rob So he hoped they didn't mind 100 much rhat he'd taken their car without permission. ond . Oh. all righlthen. you see..

Take If the couple hadn 't gone to IJ1e theater. . Were your predictions correct? b Go back to the notes on your story and write it up as a complete text of about 150 words. Which of you wrote the more interesting story? Which had the best English? Words. To h elp you. Make notes of any phrases they usc as you Iiston. he looked back: if he hadn't . you are going to listen the story correct? to three pieces of music. Practice being You are going to write a very short story and tell it to a good story-teller and a good listener! other students. after a while. using the stories in this lesson to give you ideas. and try not to read word-by-wo rd . The music will stop after each p icce to give you time to write. words . to encourage the speaker. music and tho images it brings to your mjnd. 1 If Tom hadn'l gone to the party. mfHlIlwhile. but don '( take notes yet. 1 The characters: are they young or old? How do they feel? Z Time and place: where does the story take p lace? (city/country? ins ide/o utside?) When does it take place (morning/evening?) 3 Background: what was the weather like? What had th ey been doing before the story began? 4 Ending: you can make the ending a "surprise" in true urban myth tradi tion ! 5 Language narrative tenses: simple past. 6 Notice 3 Prepare Look over your notes fo r the three paragraphs. Rob. words. to show interest. As you listen. Interjections Incredible! Echo questions I repetition Their car was stolen? Simple phrases I words Goon. and write the responses in the table. follow the b Complete the sentence. notes to bui ld up your story. 7 Follow up a Read the full version o fth e other story from Exercise l b on page 147. Oh. to check understanding. finally adjectives: to make your story more vivid ~ Listen to the conversation again. he would never have met Pe nclope. ~ Think about your story. past perfect progressive connectors: when. Make any changes you wish to the content or the language. ask questions. Story-teller: Use your notes to guide you. and then.." 5 Compare 3 Years later. 2 They had been going out together for about a year when . Now use these guide lines to help you develop you r story. ~ a Listen to one of the stories from Exercise l a. and so on. Each piece goes with each of the three paragraphs. hore are the sentences th at begin each of the throe paragraphs of yOW" story. Notice the way the listeners res pond to show they are listening. make commonts. tell your story to each other. as soon as. c Give your story to a di fferent partner to read. past perfect. Listener: Show you are listening. To Which story is it? Were your predictions about help you develop your story.2 Task 4 Feedback In pairs. Make any changes you wish .

I" order was ~ prepared YIIher'l I last checked. 2 The books have been awaited for a long time. } The train isn't due for another ten She couldn't have arrived yet. 0Ne don't know who stole it./ Choose the correct modal verbs in this conversation.". who did . Fo"" We form the passive with the verb be and a past participle.mat was You will be notified in due course. She was walking.' Past The book was being printed last night..LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Deduction and possibility in the past Use • • Sometimes we leave the agent out because we do not want to sa-. Positive She must have arrived.ama movie screenplays new"""".rj1 day. She can have atrived. words . Kind of writing poet" Writer Kind of writing Writer poet novetist bklgrnphy d.30.. It is not always possible to use an active sentence instead of a passive one: Translators have translated all the books. She ~/ can't have gotten caught in traffic. we intiOOuce it with by: We use must (not) / may (not) I might (oot) / ootid (not) / can't + have to make deductions aboot the past and to tal< about possiJity i"I the past.r Harry Potter story was eagerly awaited by miIOns of fans. She !Tight not have arrived yet. We can use the passive in most tenses. I just wish so we can start dinner. have a drink. ~ Certain She can't have arrived yet. dramatist 2 The passive Use oovet p~y playv-mght hIstorian screenwn journalist histOf)' boo!< • When the agent (subject) of the verb is unknown: Our car was stolen last night. Our cat was run over by a (). 4 0cIer teachers are often asked questions by younger teachers. Co rrec t those wIth e rro rs. may (not). we call . The letter had been sent before I realized . No. bklg""". She wanted to buy some wine so she @ ' can have stopped at the superma. X They can't have anMJd yet.) Sometimes we want to put new information at the end of the sentence to give it more importance. '" 5 My wallet was taken from my jacket pocket yesterday by SOOlI3()I)9':"-' V Yeah. . Tense Simple Form (pp iii past participle) Example Our bills are paid through the bank.:vas Joe Uz Joe being pnlparlld when I last checked .rseIves I someone else. Ycu Uz Joe Yeah. Your order rng V . and I 8 mustn't ~ have stopped for more than ten rTW1utes all day.) Mom. is/are + past participle is/are + being + pp was/wete + pp was/wal'"e + being + pp preseot P<esent Fo"" sub.) • When the Answer thes e questi o ns. might (not). 3 YQI. Ycu k:lOk tied. Note that we do not usa the negative of must or the positive of They mustn't have anMJd yet. $he may not have arrived yet.. her suitcase. words. I suppose She she'd get here S @ must have.) Newspapers and scientifiC texts frequently use the passive in this way.ect + modal verb + have + past participle The modal verbs most often used are must. She may have arrived. The verbs stxm differanllevels of certai'lty. )( She may have affl. st~1 dark outsicle. could (not).} I haven't seen She may not have arrived yet. The nev. The car must be ~ repaired immediately. I ~~ could have left home before six this morning. haslhave + been + pp had + been + pp modal verb + be + pp He could have arrived. Negative ~ train gets hef"e at 3. (The government passed it but we already know that.rket Liz 1 Uniforms must be worn at all times by soldiers on duty. but we tend not to use it with the present perfect progressive or past perfect progressive. '--' De cide if these passive sentences are correct or not.} She could have arrived. This Is too repetitive to be correct. We use the passive to do this. The books have been awaited for a ong time.ted. trough it may be important. so she 1 must ~ve arrived yet. What do agent is known but not important: A new Jaw regarding advertising was passed yesterday. prog<BSSive Simple past The childlBfl are being taught latin Itlis yeaf.somethi"Ig. the COOkies were eaten while'you and dad were out..• 1 someone who writes for the lheater? playwright 2 someone who writes about the life 01 a famous person? hiogrD plll~r 3 someone who writes about important events in the past? historian 4 someone who writes fictional stories? novelist 5 someone who writes dialogues for the movies? screenwriter Unit 6 Words.r. Less certain She might have arrived. Vocabulary Summary Literature You poor thing! Here. @ can't have hoc! a tot. HE!( coat's hanging in the closet. (I ate them but I don't want to admit it. minutes. Joe Uz Joe Have you seen Sara? No. and can't: prog<BSSive P<esent parlee! They must have arrived by now. she 3~ may not have. 0Ne want to avoid bIarnilg a. \'Vhen we include the agent.! Past perfect Modal passive A new bridge has been built over the river.

Correct the English and add descriptive language to make it more interesting. making opportunities to speak English In pairs. writing an interesting story Finish writing your story. e.ph 3 a Develop the story step by step. a surprise. S Read you r story. 6 Finally. I took my usual shortcut home . --. answer the questions. Although I remember nothing of the accident.. c Read this story..g. Cl! ~ >- o --' LJ. at first two days earlier as soon as before that summer in the meantime Descriptive tanguage adverbs: sadly adjectives: merciless unfortunately slowl y suddenly piercing brightly shiver ing sea-bl ue dangerous l y b Now find examples of some of the points in the table in the anecdote in Ex8f'Cise 1c. The two boys bad been playing with a sugar cane knife when onc of them lost hold of it. but put the story into paragraphs and make it as clear as possible. The next thing I knew I was lying in a hospital bed with my head bandaged up. although the truth is I don't recall anything immediately after that unlucky event.. 2 Analyzing the organization of a story Read the anecdote again and look at how the writer develops the story. tell your partner about your action plan for Unit 5. The blow must have knocked me unconscious. In pairs. 1 have a three-inch scar along my skull to prove it. at first simple past unfortunately past perfect characters that are well-developed and believable a range of different tenses.g. It ricocheted off a tree and then bounced off my head. Paragraph 4 Grve backgrOUnd to the story. Note: you wi ll need to show your final anecdote to your classmates at the 8fId of Unit 7. a problem. provide a 'twist: 3 Organize the story into paragraphs. even on a beautifully sunny day. --I--l-. I'll never forget what happened. 1 heard friendly laughter and I looked up to see two boys playing in the trees.c d Intreduce a change in the action to increase interest. You can use the model in Ex8!'cise 2 if you want. 4 Write a fi rst draft. You probably won't finish it in class but you will be expected to finish it as part of you r action plan. ~<J REVIEW Review your action plan. a story that gets the reader's attention and keeps rt. Don't worry about producing perfect English now.J > LJ. 5 = the least important. Follow the steps below. solve a puzzle.along the beach. Match the paragraph with the part of the story.ph 1 Pamgn. over the fence.PLAN [> Your action ptan. Pamgn. e. Put the types of language in the box into the correct column of the table. You can rewrite it as many times as you like. look al the "ingredients of a good story" below and number them in order of importance: 1 == the most important. and through the trees. Add some more examples if you can. II was a beautiful sunny afternoon with not a cloud in the sky. 2 Make a few notes to summarize the main points of the story.C) i= -:: a z A narrative 1 Looking at what makes a good story What makes a good story? In this lesson you will ook at the techniques involved in making a good story. most of which will be past forms two days earlier slowly suddenly as soon as piercing brightly b Compare your answers with the class. 4 Applying what you have learned You are now going to write a short story of between 150 and 200 words.J o o o o o o a wide range of appropriate vocabulary and interesting expressions a well·organized narrative that is easy to follow and understand an interesting plot that makes you want to read to the end 3 Analyzing how language is used to make a good story a A writer needs to use variety to make a story come alive. And I'm still visited by the baunting thought that death can come calling at any time. and wtlat opportunities for speaking EngliSh you have taken. words Unil6 . b End in an interesting way. a In pairs. Suddenly. 1 What title would you give to this anecdote? 2 Did you enjoy the story? Why? / Why not? past perfect progressive shivering before reported and d irect speech that summer sea-blue dangerously in the meantime I was a six-year-old living in Hawaii at the time. that is. Ten ses I verb forms past progressive (to set the scene) simple past past perfect past perfect progressi ve reported and direct speech Sequencing expre ssion s meanwhile later that evening . 3: o 0. Words.. I was walking home from school. rewrite your story on a clean piece of paper and give it a title.ph 2 Pamgn. 1 Think of an interesting story that happened to you or someone you know. there was a scream and then all fell silent. words.

native civilization wouldn't have been destroyed.. 1 The lecture started at 9:00 and we arrived at 9:15./ the day of the exam. the lecture bad already started .a Complete this conversation using the simple present or present progressive tense. 5 They separated after four years of dating. '--" but l ean 't soe that happening. (might) They migbt have bad more children if they'd been richer..she might be his girlfriend 4 He still had a lot of money so the motive for the shooting couldn't be theftlmoneylsreed 5 He still had tho tickets for the game so he couldn't have 80ne to the game c Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. Do you want to come? Rita I'd love to but 2 I teach (teach) my salsa class every Saturday night.. Use the word in parentheses. 3 She / might / got I bellor grade I if I not I feel sick I all 1... he's very selfish. he 4 ' U go {gol to it . 1 He was wearing a wedd ing ring so he must be married 2 Ho had two passports so he could have dual nationality 3 He was meeting a woman named Paula . it's Father's Day so I 5 'm going to cook (cook) dinner for my dad in the evening.. [have some spare money... I forgot. 4 I havo somo spare money. She 1 '... Jean I saw TIm and Helen in the street. Bob Fantastic! Do you think TIm 2 will make (make) a good father. (dating) They bad been dating for four years before they separated. so I'll buy a new cellphone ifit isn't too expensive. 1 If the New World / not I discover I native civilization I not "--" I destroy. If Fran got married to John. 'II be (be) a great Jean I don't agree. I'd buy that apartment if! were you. If the New World had not been discovered. be would be { would have been happy ./ scene of a murder in New York.it's a mess ! 4 Are you doinS (you/ do) anything? Tom Well. Tom Dh. I they I live I Australia. they would Jive in Australia" . will/won 't + verb or the first conditional. b Complete this conversation using going to + verb. She might have gotten a better grade if she hadn't felt sick on . Tom 11 'm going (go) to a concert on Saturday night. . Any plans for Sunday? Rita No. 4 They didn't have more children because they couldn't afford them. I think he 6 dad! d Expand these notes to make complete sentences. 3 I 'm going to stay (stay) at home and clean my apartment . '--" e Look at these notes made by a police detective at the \. Helen's huge now. (being) Several suspects are being questioned .. Then look at the theories the detective is formulating and make deductions.soinl to bave (have) the baby in three weeks. . Why don't you join us? Rita In the evening? Thanks. (bappy) If he'd remained single. 3 Marriage made him unhappy. not really. (already) When we arrived at the auditorium. That's my advice. 2 The police are questioning several suspects.. right.. so II buy I new cell phone I if \. I'd love to. isn't he? If there 3 is (be) a football game. Ho 5 won't want (not want) to sit at home and take care of the baby. or going to + verb.J I not I too / expensive. 5 I I buy I thai apartment / if / I I be I you. 2 If Fran I get I marry I to John. though? Jean What do you mean? Bob Well .

and milk that makes you strong Rnd healthy I!l natural substances in foods like iron and calcium. an alarm dock 4 We keep arguing about who's going to do the dishes after dinner. correction Ouid 3 I can't wake up in the morn ing and I'm always lale for work. but Mike's family liked the idea of marriage I different. a dishwasher 5 I'm out of the house a lot and people complain they can never reach me. become close fr iond s mother-i n-law a single parent fr iendsh ip stepsisters .r There is a 8rammatica l mistake in each of these sentences. or grains (com . out together for years Martha and Miko had ~eoll gOI~I~ e they decided to live and after they both fi mshe: co \gengagod but Mike together.le O arent but hi~ dad .' rcmarfl'ed and Mike noW ha close frien ds .aJ the years they had 3 "ke another sister to I ht that sho was 1 sometimes I. M.a a:~~idS. send it like this. There is one extra item. So did he want 4 fI 5 mother-in-Ia'!. \Qug r 'endshi\! or marriage? Mike.. eggs. have been completed g Read this story a nd comillele it with the words or Match tho words with the a ppropri ate definition. f his parents 81 scared because 0 d M'ke got milrried.!2. designed by the famous French designer. which we need for good health lID phrases fro m the box. two years liltor Marlha an 1 Complete the text with a form of the words in the box. e was tile correct wasn't really sure whether ~arn:~raditiOnal family and me slep for him. d th 2 stepslSters . 1 can'. 'Iegetables. got Luckily. were 3 Native American languages speak more widely than Spanish in Bolivia. Happily. Claude Lomax in 1906. was 2 These shoes !!. Martha c. sticky notes a hole puncher an alarm clock an ironing board correction fluid a dishwasher an armchair a paper clip an answering machine a food processor a washing machine 1 Do you have anyth ing I can hold these pieces of paper together with? a paper dip 2 I've made a couple of mistakes on this application form.~Ul becOme rea . His dad had gott~n di'lO~:in. an answering machine . Martha Bnd her ~utu. a fiber b fat c carbohydrates d minerals e vitamins f protein 1 2 3 4 5 found in food like bread and potatoes and gives your body heat and energy @) fowld in food li ke oil and butler and gives you energy but is fil llening I!il the parts of fruit. are spoken 4 Children are teaching Greek in tenth grade. wheal) that help food pass through your body I!l a substance in foods such as meat. screen novel play poetry biography I h What do the speakers need? Choose an objcct from the box. being taught/are taught 5 The new skyscraper should have completed by next summer. Co rrect the mistakes.~ Martha thai Mike was O along well and she explilmo ' r ' ed marriage. Over mother temalDed 1 . 1\'10 years later t oy go. His mom and background was compl~te ~ he was just a baby. 1 The worl d's first cell phone virus has invented by hackers.

angular face with thin lips. Match each description with one of the faces then compare your answers in groups. such as boxing and weightlifting. bony lace. thin noses are often loners and workaholics. Some people believe we con judge bushy eyebrows thin lips prominent chin low forehoad heavy eyelids small nose full lips small ears close-set eyes c Can facial features lell you anything about a person? In pairs. tr~ to describe the characters of the people In Exorcise 1 from their faces. 2 Reading skills a Th. 58 Unil7 Body language . They are active and enjoy physical work in the open air. Their personality is oo. This type hos a small head and small facial features.ct· d . Use these words and phrases. cheerful demanding honest outgoing predictable slow-wittecl ~. They prefer individual sports.1 Vocabulary: the face a Match the faces with these descriptions.·m"lIlIv they're extroverted. bony face D 3 large. This athletic type tends to be of medium height with brood shoulders. discuss these features. I h lve aca. Although by no means locking in intelligence. ernie at lotic intelligent/ not very smart SOCIable/a loncr b Read the articlc and check your answers. they tend to have a low forehead. to team sports. so they tend to be bod. faces fall into certain types. such as heavy eyelids indicating on introveft. The nose is often flat and the chin is prominent. This type has a large head and a wide. such as the four below: 1. they can be emotionally ~ble. These people are basically introverts: they tend to be quiet. c Find personality adjectives in the article that have the opposite meaning to these.. small ears and a small nose.fempered and can suddenly "fly off the handle". Nevertheless. full lips a weak chi n close-set eyes thin lips a high forohand bushy eyebrows 0 person's character from their faciol characteristics.. optimistic. People with Ioog. they p::>inl more often to someone who i uIC'1 in In According 10 face-reading specialists. these types can react spontaneously without thinking about the consequences. cha nge suddenly tl} 2. They tend to be loners.~c:ondepressed. usually square-shaped. They generally don't like sporls. Many movie directors and other artists tend to belong to this type. This type has a GLOSSARY untrustworthy not copablo of being trusted fly ofT the handle become angry very quickly lacking without something. 3. In p8i~S. round face C 2 long. They tend to have a lorge. someone who keeps their feelings 10 themselves. 1 wide.a article on tho right is about face reading. and while many people 05SOCiale dase-set eyes with a ntrustwort rson. tends to be small. having none of someth ing a long. round face. Face reading has a long hislofy and even IOdoy people ore surprised by ils accuracy. fSliy-. types.~t ~~~:~~~~. There are certain fealures thot tend 10 indicate personality types. angular face A 4 small head and small facial features 8 b Complete the labels 011 the faces with these phrases. ox~rovortcd/introverted optimistidpessimistic qUIet/confident calmlbad-tempcred lazy/. 4 .

Ask a few pairs how they have described the people. •• In Exercise 2b. ask students to lahelthe paris of the faces at the lop of the page. As a whole class. [n Exercise l b. Objectives Vocabulary the face Topic: face-reading Reading a psychology article Writing a detailed description Speaking describing people's faces of a face Put on the board a large magazine picture of 0 person's face. Remind students 10 check the Glossary for unfamiliar vocabulary. Ask students 10 do Exercise 1a in pairs. push out your chin to show "prominent" chin . ask students to match the descriptions to the faces and check in groups.) Ask students to discuss the features in Exercise 1c in pairs. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into pairs to make predictions aboutlhe people i. using the descriptive adjectives in Exercise 2a. Elicit a few ideas from different pairs at the end.n exercise 1. you may need to check the meaning of the adjectives by miming and showing. etc.. Ask students to match the words in Exercise 2c with opposites in the text. Go through the answers as a class. Ask How can you describe this person's face in deloil? What con you say about this person's personality? Do you think you can make guesses about someone's personality from their face? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: the face Bri efly pre-teach the paris of the fac e by pointing to parts of your face and asking W}lQrs this? You/' chin. (For example. Body language T 70 Unit7 . then check in pairs.

bony. Ask students in groups to describe the faces of the famous people in Exercise 3h and decide what they arc like. Tell students they have seven minutes. Then ask them to work in pairs or small groups 10 complete the lablo. fairly In Exercise 4c. 4 Writing skills Ask students to copy the table in Exercise 4a into their notebooks. slightly. In Exercise 3a. 7 ears 3 looks intelligent.) at the lop of each one as you collect them. Give the groups five minutes to discuss. square-shaped eyes large. heavy forehead broad. Make sum students have finished their descriptions before going on to Exercise 4d . etc. Write a number Il. wide. Coiled the magazine pictures and stick them on the walls around the classroom. high. C. long. Answers: 1 The first sentence describes the fa ce and general appearance because it is best to start with a general description before moving to spocifics. they have to decide whose face in the group matches which description in the text. angular. slightly hooked wido. quite. long face Ask studonts to read and analyze the texl in exercise 3c by answering the questions in Exercise 4b. Note Handle Ihis activity with sensitivity. 2 eyes. aftor students have selected their identikit picture from pago 147. friendly. ask them to write their description. flat. 3 eyebrows. raised. narrow mouth lips fu ll . laughter lines 4 very. Afterwards. and find the picture. Suggested a nswers: oval.) on each pidure. dose-set. thin ears sticking-out. 2. Collect all the descriptions.3 Speaking ski lls Ask students to work in small groups. 5 mouth/ lips. small. light blue. and write a letter IA. Additional actMty Bring in a pile of "faceso cut from mogozines. slightly wrinkled : hair is receding. read it. small. wrinkled nose large. Students have 10 read their descriptions aloud while their partners look at page 147 and identify the face being described. Which pair can match the most descriptions to pictures in that lime? Unit 7 T 71 Body language . Divide the class into pairs. poi nted. Move around the class. check answers with the class while you build up a class lable on the board. round. Then ask ono perSOIl from each group to stand up and describe one of the famous people to the class. large. bushy eyelids wrinkled. heavy-lidded eyebrows thin. then briefly elicit answers from the whole class. pointed. If you feel any students might be uncomfOrloble tolking about their appeorance. Then lei the individual concerned decide whether the description matches hisfhor personality. 6 jaw/chin. Let students check in pairs. small. 2 1 fo rehead. Ask students to read the description in Exercise 3c. 3. th ick. 4 nose. wide. wide-set. monitoring and helping with idoas and vocabulary. narrow. long. then skip exercise 3a and move straight on to exercise 3b. and match it to a face. low. deep-sel. bloodshot. thin. B. elc. and give each pair a magazine °foce: Ask them to work together to write a description of the foce. Encourage students to try oul phrases from the Useful Language box. plump. Put the descriptions in a pile on your desk and ask the pairs to pick up a description.

thin. pointed. light blue eyes are wide-set and quite heavylidded. The jaw and chin are strong. plump. Turn to page 147 and choose the parts to make a face from the " identikit pictures". The eyebrows are very thick and bushy. very? c You have witnessed a crime and you need to describe the offender to the police.g. 1 What docs the first sentence describe? Why? Z Number the parts of the face in the order of the description: nose ears eyebrows forehead jaw/chin mouth/lips eyes 3 What other details about the face does the description give? 4 Which words does the writer use to modify the adjectives. giving as much detail as you can . This person has a long. USEFUL LANGUAGE Do YOII think / Would you say thai you 're shy? How would you describe yourself? Do you think the descriptions ore accurate? b Look at the faces of famous people below. The person's nose is long. sticking-out. c Now read this description of a famous person and match it with one of the faces. Face Eyes Eyebrows Eyelids Forehead oval. First. 2. and slightly hooked at the end . and the chin is quite prominent. wrinkled. Body language Unit? . ilnd 3. Write a careful description of the face. deep-set. large. His/Her large. 4 Writing ski lls a Complete this table with words and phrases from the lesson. pointed. one each from groups 1. wide. and looks intelligent. He/She has a wide high forehead. and are low over the eyes. bloodshot. His/Her mouth is wide. b You are going to write a very detailed description of a face. Student A: Read your description to B. large. Student B: Look at page 147 and identify the "face" that A describes. e. which is slightly wrinkled. with fairly thin lips. He/She has quite long ears and has laughter lines at the corners of the eyes and between the nose and mouth. Write as many ways of describing a face as you can. d [n pairs. full . look at the description in Exercise 3c and answer Ute questions.3 Speaking ski lls a Look carefully at your classmates. The hair is receding a little from the forehead. narrow. e Now swap roles and repeat Exercise 4d. angular face. thick. friendly. You will need to identify Uuee parts of the face. How many examples of the faces described in the article can you find? Are the descriptions accurate? Check with your classmates. broad. raised. Mel Gibson Nose Mouth Lips Ean. see how good your description is. Discuss what the faces say about their characters.

He looks velY pleasallt. but seem can describo behavior. We ljke Persall 2 most." c "Everything's okay!" 5 a "I don't know what to say." c "I'm so nervous." 2 a "r know they respect me. but she looks like a warm kind af persan. 2 There is a danger of stereotyping people but first impressions are often correct." b "The interviewer looks sick." b "I'm feeli ng great." 3 a "Out of my way!" b "You're in trouble!" c "I'm terrified! " 4 a "I don't have any money!" b "I hate this place.~ confident. 3 Peop le use clothes to give an image of themselves. We often make up our minds about people on the basis of first impressions. We can use to be after seem. Listen again to check if necessary. He/She looks like + noun phrase: He looks like a boss / an authoritalive person." b " I can't wait to get away. USEFUL lANGUAGE He/She looks/seems + adjective: She seem. etc. aggressive arrogant authori tative bored confident conten t easy-going edgy indifferent nervous relaxed superior threatening vain ® - 2 Speaking skills a In pairs. look at the pictures of people. 4 The face is importan t but expression is more important . Which one(s) would you like to meet? b List the reasons why you chose the perso n/people and discuss them with another pair." 6 a "I really don't know. 1 a " I don't like this. c Do you agree or disagree with the statements in Exercise 3b? Why? / Why not? 1 Uni17 Body language . Choose adjectives to describe each one. build I!:j' height !1 color I!:j' clothes character 0 posture 1!1 face 1!1 eyes 0 hair 0 expression ~ gestures voice 0 1!1 i!1 b Complete these notes about fi rst impressions. " b "I really don't care." c "I hate giving presentations. voice." c ''I'm tired." c "That's great!" Listen to a body language expert ta lking about first impressions and check the aspects of a person's appearance that the expert mentions. LANGUAGE NOTE The verb look describes only appearance. 3 Listening skills c What do you think each person might be saying or thinking? Choose the best answer then discuss it with a partner. 5 One of the most important things in forming opinions is gesture. but not after look: They seemed to be interested in the house. She seemed sure oj the facts. She seems authoritative.Body talk 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Look at the pictures of the six people.

especiOlly if the person is also pointing aggressively . 4c. You may need to play the audio agai n. R ead the adjectives aloud modeling the correct stress. how about posture. Another example is the shrug . you don't gwe people a chance! B Well. formed by the thumb ond forefing€!'. 2a. Put students in small grou ps to discuss tbe statements in Exercise 3e. a classic example of a gesture we hove to be careful with is the "0" sign. On the other hand. except for the following. arms above their head th€'{re feeling grootl Similarly. In most countries rt moons "Everything'Sfine".J Check understanding with questions like: Introduce the topic How can you describe someone who is always shouting of people? (aggressive1 How can you describe someone who thinks he or she is better than otherS? (arrogantl 1 Vocabulary: adjectives describing personality Ask students to look at picture 1. in which case ~ ploys a huge perl in forming opinions. Ask students in pairs to discuss Ule best answer in Exerc ise 2c . I remember sitting next to someone on a plane who was dressed in black and she looked pretty somber. is their physical appearance . Howev€!'. but rt can also moon the figure zero. Ask students 10 listen and check their answers to exercise 2c. you're an expert on gesture. Elicit descriptions from the class. but expression is more imperlanl.and irs so variable from country to country. What about the face in oil lhis? B Well. but for some nationalities.that can be very threatening. there is a danger of st€!'ootyping people although you'd be amazed at haw often first impressions are correc1. Ask students 10 work in pairs 10 complete the notes in Exercise 3b.how important are they? B Th€. their color. However. imogine someone standing with their legs aporl and leaning forward . How imperlant is thot? B I think gesture is one of the most imporlant things in forming our opinion of peopie and responding to them . Elicit adjectives from tile box to describe the woman. ag'gressive. The first thing we notice about people. so we do hove to be careful. ou'thorifalive.Objectives Grammar Topic: personality Vocabulary adjectives describing Pronunciation intonation of feeling Ustening interview with an expert Speaking making inferences linkers expressing contrast personality about character Slar1lhe lesson by checking the meaning and pronunciation of the adjectives in exercise 1. Answers: According to the body language expert. standing upright but relaxed with your hands 00 your hips gives a sense of being in control and authoritative. and we often make up our minds. Ask students to check the boxes for Exercise 3a. The mare we extend and stretch ourselves. the expression will create a great€!' impresslon. we form opinions about people on !he basis of first impressions. su'perior. 6a Play the audio agai n. ~ depends on your definition of body language. the more content and relaxed we are . But of course. in some countries it is extremely rude! Sa you can imagine Ihe impresslon that might gwe . ~ A Fran Mast€!'s.their build. A You mentioned clothes .think of someone sitting with their legs extended. so someone in smarl business clothes is likely to be authoritative. re'/axed. people may choose to give a different image of themselves. Take stroking your chin . However. but if that person is miserable and frowning. she was roolly talkative and funny. the following are likely: 1b 3 a or b 5 all 3 are possible 2 a ll 3 arc possible 4c 6 a or b 3 Listening ski lls Play the audio for Exercise 3a .raising both shoulders. - Body language T 72 Unit7 . how loll they are. the following are the best answers from 2e: 1b. ~ suggests they think someone is siCk. I think of rt as being everything about our appeorance.{re nervous. the way we carry ourselves. despite the person's beauty.. con'tent in'different. Husually means "I don't know: Finally. of course thars imporlant. How great a pori does it play in forming opinions about peop!e? B WeD. You can be ottracted to a beautiful face.~ means trouble! A I see. [The stress is on the first syllable of all the words listed. their clothes. you've done a lot of work on the Imporlance of body language.{re imporlant because they're the first impression we get of how people choose to present themselves. Answers: Students' answers may vary. 2 Speaking skills Point out the Usefu l Language and Language Note boxes before asking students to choose and describe the person they would like to meet in Exercise 2a . you know. A Okay. Do Ihe first as ao example. Then put students in pairs to think which words describe the other people. 5c (but b in some cultures). 3b. when we storied talking. of caurse. A Isnl that a bi! dangerous? I mean.you know . ~ ~ 30'' ------------------------------------------------------------------------------. How imporlant is that? B £x!remely imporlanl.for us it terlds to mean that the person is thinking. or even thai th€. A Now. Finally. which corry stress on the se<:ond syllable.

. Write the following words in a list on the board: No Movies Yes Oh Homework Tonight Why not When Parents Tell students in pairs that they con put the words (but only these wordsl in any order to make a dialogue. later _ _ it altematM> 5 Pronunciation : intonation of feeling Play the audio for Exercise Sa. despite!. Ask students to match statements to pictures. the stronger the emotion (enthusiastic. 2 3 4 5 6 Now. Can Ilhink aboul it 0 liltle bit? I'm sorry. . just listen. With the correct intonation. I'm not really sure. Each type follows different form rules.. Ask students to match statements to feelings. the more extreme the intonation pottern is going to be. Then ask a few pairs to oct out their dialogues for the closs. You say thot og<lin ond you1t be SOfry! Mmm . {however. 322'-. Tone range in English is very wide. Unit 7 T 73 Body language .. using longuoge from the lesson. neverlheles$ or prepositions or prepositional phrases lin spite of. This is owful . End this part of the lesson by getting students to ta lk in groups about mistaken first impressions in Exercise 4d. Mmm . Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. BosKally. lJesf. and there's my new boyfriend. I went to the party.. Pause after each statement and ask the class to repeat. he/she__ Although he/she~ he/she_. End this Pllrt of the lesson by putting students in pairs to practice speaking with feeling... Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Intonation is the 'music' of a language -the way the tone of our voice is used to express emotion and carry meaning.. can toke several forms: they can be subordinoting conjunctions fa/though. Ask students to choose the correct linker in Exercise 4c and check with a partner.. Play the audio again for Exercise 5h.. This is wonderful. Addffional activity Ploy this papular intonation game.. I 2 3 q 5 6 Now. At first. Common problems and 8ITOfS Students often translate directly from their own language and confuse the form rules.. Students tend to forgel of in in spite of. This is awful. adverbs. I'm not really sure. so irs Important to get students to exaggerate the wa>f the expressions are soid when they imitate the recording. this is great. using the expressions in Exercise 5d. the chair is so comfortable ond reloxing. etc. I can't wait for the interviC'N to be over.ite IRQ!! I~Q!j tired. but I think we need to talk about your lost essoy_ This is wonderful . Give students time to practice their dialogues.. Then ask one or two individuals to repeat.. angry!. I went out iR spile R'W headoche. he/she . elicit rules from them.. Quick grammar guide: linkers Contrast linkers. or connectors. Help students prepare to speak about mistaken first impressions by writing some sentence starters on the board. However. the dialogues can be very funny. I'm sorry. Read through the Grammar Summary on page 78 with students before asking them to complete the sentences in Exercise 4b. Encourage students to exaggerate when they mimic the strong intonation potterns of the speakers. just listen.). . when I got to know him/her.4 Grammar: lin kers expressing contras t After asking students to underline the linkers in the examples in Exercise 4a. When I first met he/she seemed .--. this is great. 'Nhich con be difficult for students to remember.

despite the person's beauty... in fac t she was a lot of fun to_be with. he statement. In groups.. . 1 There is a danger of stereotyping people. talk about the situat ion and contrast your first impressions with your final impreSSions. even though fin ding some people very u lendly. followed 5 PronunCIatIon : mtonati on of feehng by noun or .. when judging a person. You say that again and you'll Summary on pago 76 fi rst. 6 This is wonderf ul .. 4 Student 8 : Listen and say which feeli ng A is ex pressing. I can't wait for the interview to be over. he proved to be very reliable. Body Ionguoge Unit7 . sho looked rather somber. 5 1 Mark proved to be very reliable 4 I'm /J o t really sure. 1 nevertheless though 3 This is o wf ul .ing.. precedes second sentence after a period . 2 his laic arrival for the interview. . Can J think about it a little although/even thoughlthough he arrived at the bit ? 6 interview an hour late! 5 I'm sorry.'ti by a comma ~ a Listen to six statements and match them with the b Complete each sentence below with as many people in the pictures. 3 Student A: Say any of the short expressions below with one of the feelings in Exercise 5b. followed by a comma 3 . practice speaking with feeling.. However.4 4 Grammar: linkers ex pressing contrast a Read the examples from the interview and underline the linkers thai express contrast.. separatt. 5 We try to mako everyone welcome ·n spite 0 Then SWAP ro les. ~ b Listen aga in and match the statements with these feelings. she was rea lly chatty and fun ny. ~ c Listen and repeat the first few words of each 2 €Spite EJ I However his serious appearance. impression. . . c Choose the correct linker in these sentences. although you'd be amazed at how often firs t impressions are correct... comfortable and relaxing. and there's my new but even though in spite of boyfriend. Read the notes in the Grammar 1 No w. love their children as much as less !onnal parents. Use the linkers fro m the be sorry! 3 examples and these: 2 Mm m . the expression will create the greater • . joins two clauses.. just listen. this is great. separated by a comma 2 . a) serious l[) bl enthusiastic III cl relaxed f!) 1 ~ I Despite I thought she was going to be dl ansry [) eJ uncertain 11) 0 miserable lit a very boring person.. d In pairs. but I think we need to talk about 2 Mark proved to be very reliable despitelin spite of your last essay. Try to remember an example and make notes. the chair is so 3 Mark arrived an hour late for his interview. linkers as possible. theiT chi ldren. Even though I€ verthele-mthey Really. Expressions 6 Somo paronts can be vory strict and fonnal with I really don '/ k no w. How are YOII ? And what 's next ? d Most of us have made a mistake at some point Come on. let's go. Try to copy tho feelings. 4 HoweverlNeverthelcss .

6 I've always hated people _ _ when they're not my parents or my boss.e was born and 80s. who murdered al~:s~os. We use the .ng.. b Complete these sentences with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other words necessary.eaYI:I1.::!ake extra vacation is dishonest. in Venezuela and Was li~k~~ol. an She Was executed in 2002 Number 1 is Bonnie P k committed bank rabbe . Then compare your answers with a partner. Telling lies can be serious. ~aggeratln.. 1 I'm not interested in wasting time _ _ .Hlcations on m traveli"J'.. who Number 2 is Aileen W seYen men . 2 is the best form of exercise for allaround fi tness . I don't think reading other people's e-mails is serious when you share a computer with them because they know it might happen. Give reasons for your response. r op e In my family. Write them next to these rules for using -ing verbs.g.s. then add up your score and read the analysis on page 149. decide if they are honest people. about my inthepasth qua. on publJc resume. by traveling.l!!!&. copying 3 after prepositions: by ty:. b Read about the people and check how good a judge of character you are! the U S d ' h nes and murders in Clyd~ Barr~:9 t e ) 930s with her paOner Americon. c In pairs.readin&. or er. J disagree with cheating. Unit7 Body language . to receiving. Hitler's master of the · big lie" _ th aZI Germany and 2 Grammar: the . terrorist activities in Europe in the ol'9.Dishonesty 1 Speaking skills a Are you a good judge of character? Wo uld you trust these people? In pairs. !eavinj" Out informatIon from WoUldn't admtt Your income tal( f nOrmal _ orm Is !!" receivf~ too mUch everYOne money from does it. e propaganda c How honest are you? Decide whether you agree or disagree with the statements below. I said "agree" for Number 1 because I reod my husband's e-m ail. I Work ~ CaJUI1l n sick now and th en. I'd try to get a jab & ve saved money !. honest are YOUl How 2 5' 3 6" 4 7 8 J think / J believe stealing is wrong.J not sure:: 1 disagree:: I d'sagree strongly:: 0 ) ' enjoy. I don·t think COPr'ng my classmates' Work for aSSignments .ing verb a Look at the statements in Exercise 1c and underline tbe -ing verbs. agree strongly:: 4 agree:: . the e-malls intended fo other pe . by calling.07uO's \l Number 4 is Jose h G b propaganda minister i~ N ~ bels. discuss your responses to the statements in Exercise l c. 3 I would never admit to _ _ to my boss or my teacher. 4 I really enjoy _ _ on the weekend in the winter. exaggerating 2 as the object of the sentence and after some verbs: ~ng. 5 _ _ is not very good for you if you suffer from high cholesterol.ing verb: 1 as the subject of the sentence: t. y transPOrtation Without a ticket. a story to make It more Interesting ISn't dishonest. USEFUL LANGUAGE about Jews.. Number 3 is Uich Ram' also known as Corlos th lrex Sanchez. H. a Cash machine.

2 Grammar: the -ing verb Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 2a in pairs before checking the rules as a class. In Exercise 2c. You may wish to check students' understanding of the "crime" vocabulary in the text.). etc. write some of these errors on the board ond elicit corrections.Objectives Grammar the -ing verb Topic: being honest or dishonest Reading a short story. Encourage students to use . a nervous smile. Ask students to road the short texts in Exercise lb and check their answers. At the end of the activity. As students discuss the questionnaire. point out the Useful Language box. for political reasons to be executed = to be killed by the state for committing a crime •• Vocabulary check Ask students to do the quiz ill Exercise Ic individually and then chock their answers in pairs or groups. elicit answers from the class and ask why students thought the people were honest or dishonest Ifor example: He/She lias worlll eyes. to murder = to kill a person 10 commit a crime/murder/robbery = to "do" a crime a murderer = someone who kills a person a bank robber = someone who takes money from 0 bank a terrorist = someone who kills people using bombs.ing verbs when they speak. Afterwards. etc. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 2b and then check in pairs. Also. o questionnaire Speaking discussing a moral dilemma. Answers will vary. monitoring and noting mistakes made involving Coneclion -ing verbs. end this part by getting students to discuss Ute questionnaire in exercise Ic in pairs. a role-ploy Write on the board: Introduce the 10pic tell the truth tell a lie tell a white lie Ask Are you an honest person? Do you always tell the truth? In what situations should you never lie? In what situations is lying acceptable? 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to briefly discuss the pictures in Exercise la . Answers will vary. go oround the room. _bock Body language T 74 Unit 7 .

I see your point. . and then ask them to check their answers with a partner. When the students are ready. 4 Speaking skills Ask students to read the newspaper extract in Exercise 4a and in pairs make a list of possible opinions. and ask each student in each group to choose one: A local resident 8 social worker C member of local Chamber of Commerce o local doctor When students have selected their role. In Exercise 3b. Presentation altemative Write some useful language on the board to help students with the role-ploy: I think / I believe we should. Surely it's beller to / important to .a responsibility to earn. ask the class whether the minister's advice was the same as their advice. Answers: 1 A consultant 2 He felt he was charging a company an exorbitant fee. Encourage students to discuss their answers with a new partner. Ask students to list the opinions of their "character" in note form and add any from exercise 4a . 4 He felt a responsibility to his family . Then put them in small groups to discuss their answers. Answers to Exercise 3c will be individual. ask them to discuss the site. ask them to look at page 146 and read their role card carefully. Give a time limit of. Remind students that tbey have to come to a decision about what to do about the site. Monitor and help with vocabulary. say. Building . would be . eight minutes. Unit 7 T 75 Body language . Write the roles on the board. After students complete Exercise 3d. have students work individually to find the answers to these questions. Remind students about the Glossary. Then match one pair with another to form a grou p of four to do the role-play in Exercise 4b. but..ti 3 Reading skills Give students a couple of minutes to fead and think about the questions in Exercise 3a. 3 He didn't know whether he should be honest and resign or not.

though it's easy to see many faults in its operation and cite remedies. . The .3 Reading skills a Before you read. 4 Speaking skills a Look at the newspaper extract.3" h ostilitY . The rn and all are tomorrow evetUJlg wel corne . b met With te d to be a1 residents. " It's just what S 3 What wns his moral dilemma? 4 How did his fa mily affect the moral dilemma? c In pairs. Maine. discuss these questions. Should I resign and tell the board of the company how I feci? My responsibility to my family disturbs me. going to be di tflCt 1S EstfeUas s '" evening at decided tOIUorro\ '"" hall. the consultants were to determine the reasons fo r the losses of the comp. and to chart a way to profits. . imagine you are al the meeting. Be honest! 1 When you need someone to talk to. answer these questions." H e was on a first assignment with a wcll~kJl ow n consulting firm in New York City. " I've been walking up and down the street wondering if I should disturb you. {row \oc 6. Body language Unit . look at the bottom of the page.my. But. discuss what you think might be the opinions of the poople who live near the land. In pairs. homeless. consIdering the moral implications of your decision. I am convinced that we are charging this company a n exorbitant fcc far beyond its power to absorb and far beyond the proper charge for the services we arc rendering. evaluating the operating of a fail ing company in Bangor. d hom . expec . " I worked for months to get this job. g star ts at . increastng\y have become rnptY plot dasthce • conccrne attracting drug has been eleSS people. I need someone to talk to. the notoriOUS The fate of d in the Las \ t onan vacant p o ." he said. yearS ago. ceun . Do I have the right to renounce a good salary and impose hardships on my fa mily until I get another job?" GLOSSARY delermine find oul absorb (here) pay without finding illoo difficult render a service give/offer 8 service b In groups of four. in the Cl~J e a n'lC eung tY since fir d h as been ern:P 'wl t\\lO \ an the old hoSP1 destroyed _1 residents and \oC<u . a man knocked on the door of a minister late at night. Come to a decision about the site. For a fcc of $25. 1 What was the man's job? 2 What was the problem he perceived with h is job? A Moral Dilemma everal years ago in Bangor. 1 How do you think the minister responded to the man's request? 2 What would you have advised the man to do? 3 What do you think the man did in the r end? d To find out how the story ends. Your teacher will give you roles from p~gc ~4G. H e said. 's The cur r e l' the CItY uild a hostel for a1 is to b ut this propOs . who do you turn to? 2 Would you resign from a job if you had to do something you believed was wrong? 3 Would you resign from Ihal job if you and your family needed the money? II Read tho story on the right and answer the questions below.000. addiCts an for the site IS ntn\an . wanted.

the first Of::: the first 30 S~~le when they roe et :~t"View. Moreover.ng and verba. 1 What do you th ink the people are like? He's/She's the kind of person who . percent nonverbal COJOlll~k the connection dewrro.- 1 Warm u p a Read tho toxt below. rson's co:aununica. AbOut 93 another usi.g to one UCLA.wing the interview room.l ( what Y ffectiveness is vocal (voice). studY.::. 2 What can yo u guess about their past? He/She m ightlcouJd have .'~: even gotten to in u before conclusions a.ke or bres.~dO :~:t~~e interviewer JIly~. Your interpersonal skills will be essential in establishing a rela tionship with potential donors. Unit 7 Body longuoge . would you discount any oftha applicants in the pichlres? c L pairs..bOut y o xt tune you're on an dra. He/She looks I looks like ... b Read the ad for a fundraiser. k eep betWeen tWO llUU tun.\ne ds ro.a. What can you guess about the people in the pictures? ACCOr ()1D. then answer the questions.ti°C:t~on.~ . and to help us ra ise the funds necessary to continue our research. . The ideol candidates will be commiHed to ecological and green issues and will be passionate and enthusiastic when dealing with both the public and with other organizations. but trai ning will be provided.. list the qualities and skills necessary for n tho job advortised. people eVal uate one ual (appearance) .. On the basis of appearance alone. W e are looking for people with a creative streak and lots of imaginatio n..Rainforest ~Research Rainforest research is looking for experienced fund raisers to ioin our team! We need highly motivated people to raise public awareness of the problems faci ng rainforests today. w ho will be able to think of and manage original but successful fundraisi ng projects. What would you say about those aspect s? appearance nonverbal communication oyo contact han dshake backgrou nd oducati onallovel commun ication skills confidence voice Candidates will ideally have experience in working for a charity. the "Three Vs"': visaU say) .

He looks like a movie star. Monitor and help with ideas. She looks confiden t and easy-going. be enthusiastiC: be positive. smiling. She may have worked in public relations. She's shy. Then put students in pairs to list qualities and skills under the headings in Exercise l c. smile. friendly. e ncourage lots ofspccullllion. She might not have been to a job interview before. be polile. wear a suit. Anna is the kind of person who is very quiet at parties. Ask If you wont 10 make 0 good impression of a job interview. Louise is the lcind of person who likes to be friendly and helpfu l. Possible list: Appearance: smart casual. finn Background : well-traveled. smiling eyes Handshake: strong. Ho looks confident. Ask students to read the ad in Exercise l b and discuss the question . Suggested answers: Matthew is tho kind of person who doesn't like people to be late. making a presentation Write on the boord: A job interview. positive •• Bodylonguoge T 76 Unil7 . As students report their answers to the class . 1 Warm up Ask studonts to do Exercise 1a in pairs. enthusiastic. whol is il importonllo do? Introduce the topic E answers and write a lisl on the boord. Ho might have worked for a high-powered company. need to have worked with people: an interest and knowledge of environmental issues Educational level: well-educated but no need to be very intelligent Communication skills: need to be very good Confidence: h igh . enthusiastic Non-verbal communication: good posture: confident manner Eye contact: need to be good at making eye contact.Objectives Grammar Topic: interviews Reading dedudion and possibility in job ods. the passive interviewers' notes Ustening an interview ponel Speaking assessing candidates. make eye conlad. Some possible answers ore: licil dress smartly. warm. the post. arrive on time. CVs.but not overly so (arrogant) Voice: clear. perhaps arrogant. prepare what you won/lo say.

A A liII1e 100 confident. ~'-----------------~----~~--------------------------------------. She's got a very pIecsont manner . make sure students understand that debriefing means finding out information about a past action or event. A So. financ ial planning.she must hove done exactly whot we wonl in the Greenpeoce iOb . sending her on a course should help.so he might hove thought at first tho! the job didn't offer enough challenges.her 0 eye conlOO wos bod. relevant.rtywaoJ.. let's go and tell them the news . she didn't wont 10 tell us. She'd be good at the personal side of the job. 6 Follow up Before dividing the class into groups of fi ve for Exercise 6a. thors one job filled. B Me. kept looking over my shoulder.tlen we talked oboullhe travel potef1lial. Okay. and irs what we need. usually by questioning someone thoroughly. I wonder why she hod those two years out from 2000 to 2002. I do. I think we should get her bock for a SC(ond interview. r r Unil7 T 77 Body language . good eye cootOCf. Now. B Mmm.. at first I lhought louise would hove beerl ideal buI she locks a key skiI. She might I liked him. and tho! ki'ld of thing. helping with vocabulary and ideas. Well. let's do thot. in Exercise 5c. B No. Go around monitoring and noting any mistakes for later discussion. discuss i t. B True.and he must hove hod plenty of those in advertising . Ask students to copy the table in Exercise sb into their notebooks. liked travel potential Louise pleasant manner . too. Ihe "". He gol more interesled v.nice smile. maybe? qualifications not exactly relevant Against Greenpeace job more office work than this job. 4 Feedback Pair up groups.2 Task Divide students into groups of four to read the infonnation. Ncm. Have students listen and make notes. maybe? And her Quolificalioos oren1 exactly relevant. would be good at the personal side of the job. well he sold he likes a challenge .nico smile. /Jo. find out which candidates students would recommend and why. Answers: For Anna experience in fundra ising and managing money. Okay. Subdivide the groups and allow the two interviewers and three interviewees five minutes to prepare. A Yes. theater management experience not relevant: a little too confi dent . A Good ideo. I thought 01first that her theater we've interviewed today. she lacks a key skill. who! did yoo think of Anno? ""'good' A Well. interpersonal skills aren't really good enough. we'd better look at the three candidates hove hod some personal problems or B Yeah. you know. on those . Do you? A Yes. though her degree is exoctly right. Answer: They offer Matthew a job and ask Louise to come back for a second in terview. buI it isn1 really. Ask students to refer back to tho list they made in exercise l e. I didn't think she was 100 confident. and that kind of thing. Rnonciol planning is key! We hove 10 hove someone who coo do thot! A Well. B No . not excited obout the job. Ask the chairperson of each group to prescnt their ideas to the other group.she WOSfi't really right fOI' '"""'" ""'. Ask students to listen and note the outcome. A I agree. ask them to sit a circle of five . he did. with tho interviewers faci ng the candidates. although Anna hod the key experience and skills. if we send her on a training course. finonciol planning. B Yes. I think we should offer him one of the jobs. I dOll't think we can management experieoce may hove been B Yes. Go around the class. Play the audio again. but then he improved during the interview. End the lesson by discussing the questions in Exercise 6b . eye contact was bad.. good eye contact. look. il ~ 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. she kept looking over my shoulder. When students are ready. I thought at first he seemed a bit indifferent. and from whol Anno said. I think thars her manner. something. Start the role-play. on interesting guy. degree is right Matthew likes a challengo. 3 Prepare Ask students to remain in the same small groups and follow the instructions to propare for the group presentation.. she should learn that in a couple of weeks. the Greenpeoce job mUSl hove involved more office work thon our job. TeU the interviewers to briefly list the points they wish to make to each candidate. she really needs 1 wort. Her interpersoool skills orenl really good enough. not excited about the job Elicit answers from the class before asking students for their own opinion. possible personal problems at first seemed a bit indi fferent. Wei. When eliciting answers from the class. and make notes. gel 0 better ideo of how QUickiy she might pick up the financial side.. good experience in fundroising and managing money . NIaIIhew . Encourage the interviewers to be diplomatic in what thoy say. A No.

discuss these questions. there is more than one job.) 4 Appoint a chairperson to take notes for the presentation. Think about the fo llowing: 1 How will you arrange your presentation? (by candidate. Harden BiochemiCals Research assIstant .1998 1998-200 0 work 2002. b In the whole class. a You are going to hold the debriefi ng meetings with the three candidates. would you change any of the decisions? Body language Unit 7 . Aga inst c Did you agree with the docisions ofthe interviewers in Exercise Sa? 6 Follow up 2 Task You are going to present your assessment of the best candidate for the job.2002 2003-2004 Work experience 2004-2006 Qualifications I~& ~~ ~ in Media Studies . Work in groups of five and take these roles: the two interviewers. then respond to the interviewers when they are ta lking to you. G enpeace Fundralser.2006 xperie nce : '- . Would you recommend each one or not? 3 Prepare In your groups. then give the resu lt of the interview to each candidate in tum and tell them why they got I didn 't get the job. Interviewers: Prepare your feedback for each candidate. Ce rtificate in The ~ sutant) f~_ • Mana ater Management Interviewers' notes ger. Anna Matthew Louise Fo. and Louise. Candidates: Talk 10 each olber about how the interview went fo r you. Lyric Theater 4 Feedback Present your analysis and recommendations to another group. read the information above and make notes about each candidate. 1 How did you feel about tho debriefing meeting? Z After the debriefing meeting. Then Iislen to their presentation. . f Maryland (Environmental UniversIty 0 Studies) . etc?) 2 What language will you need to compare the candidates? 3 What are your final recommendations? (Remember. Anna. Do you agree with their recommendations? Can you add anything? 5 Compare ~ a Listen to two people discussing the candidates after the interviews. listen and offer advice afterwards.U.Matthew Candidate information Anna 'ucation 1995. by skill. prepare a three·minute presentation of your recommendations 10 presenl 10 other groups. experience. Matthew. re Louise Jj. What is tho outcome of their discussion? ~ b Listen again and note the points made for and against each candidate. In groups. When they are talking to the other candidates.

x:Jge people by appearances. """ though intrOduce a second idea thai makes the mai"I idea SI.". Note: in American English we can also use to + infinitive after like and hate: I hate to be late. arn::! one with an opposite meaning. 2 I enjoy my work/studies althOugh . INhen the ~te clause comes first. VV'hen the subordinate Clause comes first.. before the main vern: cheerlul deprossed extroverted Introverted outgoing quiet Studying hard is the only way to pass the exam. sane people are not happy 800ut this. was a very difficult job. . She didn't get the Pb even IflcxJgh she had the ng. We can use a variety of forms of contrast. cI"Wl ears eyebrows eyelids eyes face forehead lips mou1h """ Make combinations of these adjectives and a noun from the list above.. .happy • after the following common verbs: like. Complete these statements with the -ing form of a suitable verb and any other necessary words. despite Introduce a second idea thai It was a very difficult job. 1 In spite of being a good student at school. I look forward to _ _ " Choose three adjectives which describe you and three which are not like you at all. 4 One thing I enjOy doing in my free time is _ _ " 5 Vv'hen I have enough money. mind. Reading lots of books is the best way to ~ demanding edgy intelligent optimistic quick-thinking slow-witted arrogant aggressive bad-tempered calm coofident conl ent dishonest easy-going honest indifferent .t qualifications. ~ 2 Personality adjectives academic athletic changeable active authoritative 2 The -in9 verb We use the -ing verb in the fOllOwing ways: • as the subtect of the sentence. The Slbor'dnate clause can come frst or second h the sentence..LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Linkers for contrast The lable below Shows a number of ways in which we can compare and contrast two ideas. suggest. pessimistic neM>US team new • as the complement or object after some verbs: Yotx WOfSt habit is lying to me! I really hate rushing to finish assignments. we finished it in time. 4 AlthOugh I am not an expert in computers. miss.. he £Ptthe job. Unit7 Body language . though. add an idea thai makes a previously mentioned idea surprising or less true in spite of.XpI'isi"lg Fonn Example SLtJordilating c:orlu1ctkxls: join a mail clause arx:l a subordinate clause. 'M3 separate the clauses 'Mth a rorrvna.gy untrustworth y outgoi ng rel axed {Iuick . Complete these sentences with your own words. 1 _ _ is the best way to be successful in your career. i"lO'Nev€r". Write or talk about the contrasts in your life. It sam-colon. 0 3 _ _ Is important if you ' <i. Complete this table with one adjective with a similar meaning to the one provided. with little change to the sentence: We often judge people by appearances but/ though some people may not be happy about this. Compare with a partner and explain your choices. We often judge people by appearances in spite of the fact that some people are not happy about this. 1 an angular face 6 7 hewy e)!elids 2 a promineflt 3 full D21!fl a high fo r ehead lins l ips 4 buShy eyebro ws • 9 10 bloodshot a poijnted sticking-out e)!e!. .'ed by a noun oc-ing form of the verb. despite is fl'lOI'e formal than in spite of.I<Wfications. advertls: precede a second sentence: usucilly after a period but can be after a AlthOugh she had the right Qt. Adjective t ne<VOUS -- prodictabIe Shy threatening untrustworthy """""" su"""' "'" Similar meaning Opposite meaning oa1~ • after a preposition: He apologized for being late for tile Interview. makes the maln idea surprising He got the job in spite of / despite his long hair. prepositions: follov. however. Nevertheless. 5 thin .! chin 3 I don'! earn much money. d91y. dislike. Followed by a comma. keep. ".thinking 2 dishonest honest introverted demanding slow·wilted 3 extroverted 4 easy-going 5 intelligent want to lead a good life in my country. although. U. we finished it in time. . Vocabulary Summary 1 The face We often. In spite of I despite having long hair. 2 _ _ is the ideal way 1 learn a foreign language. I in spite of some people not being happy about this. avoid. she didn't get the Pb. However/Nevertheless. enjoy. hate. we separate the clauses with a comma.

The three red stars mean thai it is one of the 2. General organization face} I retsl verb *** 5 compete against sb + PHRASES + PHRASAl VERB -J L. you shoukl be working with an effective monolingual dictionary. look at the stress in the phrasal verb in the extract... c I want an apartment that looks onto a park I want an apartment that faces the park. lilT] i::t 2 Is the p/YasaI verb face up to transitive or intransitive? transitive 3 WtJch two forms can follow can 't face? noun. It is in red because it is frequently used. if you don't study. The COuntry is now faced Withc.hftl noun [Cj 1 a medical operation to make someone's face look younge~ 2 work that is done to make someth¥lg look more attractive ay. b Italy will have to play against Brazil in the final of the World Cup. 2 Using a monolingual dictionary At this level of English."i/ . Then discuss these questions.t a large organization ecause they ace.u~~~1. Put this list into the order thai they appear in the dictionary: compound nouns.Yn in this dictionary? in italic 3 Rewrite these senteoces USilg a form Of the verb face. 3: fa~~t·~~~~r~l~s:nar~~i~~~~l~St person does f repr:sen. • face doin th M e P10spect workers faa! losin~ ~heir of the shipyard .f. a You have to accept that if you don't study. %~re:gb~rr~~sing: I'll never be ablelStg:~ult 5 T t am GJ ter what happened. compound nouns 3 How many p/vasaI verbs are listed undef the headword face? one Meaning 1 How many definitions are given for faceIfft? two 2 How are examples sho\. tf ' fi . I fels. hdp ""' ckd.C~~~P~~~%~~:.hft. idioms or phrases.Macross thfie ta·ble.500 most frequently used words in the English language. phrasal verbs..~d' ~:tyO~~ it is true: Let's face it. How many definitions of this verb are thefe? five 2 Each headwooj is followed by a number of different categories of words. w~llfi~cec°Campepte/agfiamst someone: Williams ria I or the title !A~] ~yat~c~~~~itt~ ~~~~n:~tion to have your face or front toward omeone or something' The two m fh~~~~he. Grammar 1 What part of speectl is the 'NOId faceless? adjective left it 'until t~~d':z~~ic:. ~.U 1 be turned to 2 deal with problem 3 accept 4 talk to sb 1 look al the headword for the verb face. Note: you will need to show these notes to a classmale at the end of Unit 8. ace conference. • I turn:~ {~%~e 2 . you 'll fail the exam. ~e do . . it's time to get startedl You are going to work on the word face. list all the ways a dictionary can help you.>UU"i/1P'Y 1 'Nhal did you think about the anecdote? 2 Ive there arTf questions you want to ask about the story? 3 can you make My suggestions 10 rnprove it? O~ ".54~.gth: c~on'1'e work.h Wit..e".h~Bon~. A ~ can. ~ o > o Cl.U L. you'll fail the exam. Iby sth of war.~:~h. phrasal verbs. Italy will face Brazil in Lhe final of tlie World Cup. . phrases. Body language Unit7 . look at the headword face.ing form Pronunciation 1 \'Vhich is the stressed syllable in faceless? fa ce 2 PtvasaI verbs are made of a verb plus one or two prepositions and adverbs. ~ b Look at the dictionary entries 00 page 154 and see if you can add anything to the group's lisl. I<J<] REVIEW Review your actio n pla n: writing an interes ting s tory In pairs.z Z (!) Using a monolingual dictionary 1 How a dictionary can help you a In grouPS. vefbs or the prepositiorv'adverb? the preposition 3 Think about stress and say this sentence: Face up to your responsibilities Your action pla n: exploring idioms and compounds Look at the entry for eye and the compound entries that follow it on page 157 al the back of your book and complete the task on page 156.he S ~~~~~~I~i?§~~:}t~~nt~ ':t"Jn~~: ~~ omg 5th I just exists fact that she still miss~ h' had to face the 4 [T] to talk to someone Wh~~tn . can t ace attending another let's fac~ it spoken used before saying somethmg that people might not want t ~J~. spd/.' y room aces north [T] if you face a problem or if it Ii you have to deal with it" be f d ~hes YOU. Is the main stress on the fr.~. Let's face it. § ~ IX . If you aren't working with one. exchange and rBad your partner's anecdote. g>ed Joy <>pJ..1m -nd . Now answer the questions that follow the extract. or have never worked with one.

a Look at the text and the pictures. defeat. . 2 3 11 captures 4 It i s spontaneous . S It is timeless . ecstasy. Justify your preferences w ith reference to the quaht\es III the text. co~pare your answers. Which is the most popular picture in your group/class? 2 Reading skills What I love about the picture is that the phOtographer has gone up high into the stands. fearless . the Moscow OlympiCS. The onxiety over the lost meters wos unbeorob! h~m~n being. It was a normal fight H Scharfma n.had dreamed about for years... It was such a bloody marvelous leliel. b In group. I'm not sure which is the best picture. ® There's © '--' The moment the world 01 athletics 'NOS Mood upsid e down. th iS shot. victory. the essence of a great competitor : deter mined.s . reporters on the UK Observer newspaper ch~se the 50 best sports photographs of aU time. Among thelT choices were these three pictures. 1 Speaking skills USEFUL LANGUAGE Whot I like about this picture is ' 0' f don't know why llike 1M!.more than iust a great sports picture. !he fovorite fOf tt . all of which illustrate qualities thot make a great sports picture. It captures a mo ment af great emo tio n: rage. the race for the finishing line. causing you to watch UnitS Sports . The expressions on their faces and the fact that they aU look as thOugh they are about to run off in different directions is wonderful. the great SPOrts' erb If/ustrated h t t p a ographer was there 00 ~ he's the one that you can ~ behind the champion's legs. ' ewasmy . I've just been out to MIChigan to shoot him again. The more popular place to go for in big games is at ground level.it did take five or six players to take him out! He was a mesmerizing player and what the photographer has done is capture that perfectly. It's a a Th e~e are the captions that accompanied the photographs. was now funning lor the tope knowing 1had hit my limit. movement. picture. bul .The great picture shaw What makes a great sports picture? In 2003... It all happened so fast I loved shooting this man h . But this time 0 was beaten by Sebastian Cae: -I couldn't see Steve. And he's got a dean background. ~ . h~ . Cae crosses the line to toke the 1500m gold .- GLOSSARY mesmerizing very attractive.aVOrlte subiect Such a WOnderful I· A lew meters post the line I sonk to my knees.the race Cae .. picture that sums up this great player beautifully . Read each captIon and match it with the correct picture. Which picture do you think is the best? Number them in order of preferonceand note your masons. Herb actually had first choice of seats was a bit annoyed when I got so I 500m had already won the 800m gold . 1 B ~ It captures a great event: action. not a great story behind this Picture. Steve Ovett. .it hasn' t been specially set up by the photographer..

not afraid Vocabulary check Z Reading skil ls Ask students to do the task in Exercise 2a quickly. ask the class which words helped thorn answer the question. The photographer has captured a brief momenl.Objectives Grammar Topic: sports Vocabulary Reading noun clouses using whquestion words track and field extracts from a sports magazine Speaking ronking photographs according to criteria Write Olympic Sports on the boord.. Then div ide students into groups of four to six to discuss their proforonc(ls in Exercise l b. They should scan each text for clues as to which pict ure it describes. T hen compile a closs lisl on the board.give them two minutes to do it. Answers: A The soccer picture: Diego Maradona of Argentina fa ces the lJelgian defonse in the semi-fi nal of the World Cup in 1986. C The ath letics (track and fiel d) picture: Sebastian Cae ofC reat Britain wins tho l S00-meter gold medal at the Moscow Olympics in 1980 .the moment of winning ...on alternative You may need to check if students understand some difficult words connected with emotions and qualities. choose a pidure and describe it: What/like about this picture is it /s spontaneous. H Tho boxi ng picture: Muhammed Ali knocks oul an opponent.and he beats his great rival and teammate Sieve Ovett. 1 Speaking skills Ask studen ts to look at the pictures. put students in pairs 10 write their own lisl. Draw their attention to tho Useful Language box. A~ernolively. It is a good idea to model the task first. Presentot. Ask students which sports they enjoy playing or watching and why. Give students two minutes to rank the pictures in order of proference for Exercise 10. The lext is short. and lell you what is happening or has just happoned in each picture. Give students a one' minute time limit to do this. rage = extreme anger ecstasy = extreme happiness determined '" really wonting to win/succeed fearless". S ports T 80 Unit8 . In other words. Elicit as many sports as you con from students and write them on the board. Introduce !he topic . so you cou ld road it aloud while students listen and read. name the sport. Afterwords.

Noun clauses. What/like about soccer is that the players are so skillful. 4 Vocabulary: track and field Have students work in pairs or groups of three or four to do Exercises 4a to 4d. A good way to manage this activity is to leave them to work through the activities at their own speed. Ask them to work indiv idually and then compare their answers with a partner. Have them appoint one person as the timekeeper for the group. Presentation 0_ •• Ask students to complete Exercise 3d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. ca n be confusing for students because (unlike yes/no questionsl there is no inversion or use of question-forming auxiliaries after the question word. Let students work in pairs. Point out that is needs to be followed by a noun or noun phrase. out must mean defeat or stop. Suggested answers: 1 stop him. Those who finish early will have longer to do the discussion in exercise 4d. clauses Have students do Exercise 3b in the same way.. take . for example: What/like about soccer is the ball skills. 5 an excessive amount t ·· a Quick grammar guide: noun 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) Have students underline the noun clauses.. take . I'd like to know R9W €lees f::Ie play so wel/. Nobody knows WRI' i5 Re so good. Guessing meaning from context Ask students to work out what port of speech the word or phrase is. then answer the questions. For example.Ask students to match the captions to the phrases in Exercise 2b. in Exercise 3a. then check their answers with the Grammar Summary on page 88. For example.. or by that + a clause (= subject + verb + object). beginning with a question word. Answers: Here the noun clauses are subjects. 2 photograph. 3 the fi nishing line. 4 at the end of my physical reserves. briefly check the groups' answers. Oul must be a phrasal verb. Common PfOb'ems and errors Students often attempt to apply question forms 10 Ihe clauses. We use noun clauses as subjects when we want to emphasize them . Ask students to work in pairs to do Exercise 2c. So. Then ask them to use other neighboring words to help them decide what the words might mean. five or six players are needed 10 do this. . Do the first sentence in exercise 3d as an example. Unit 8 T 81 Sports . with an overall lime limit of ten minutes. At the end.

c Wh ich sport wou ld these animals excel in? Write the sport in the sentences below. Then compare them with a partner... 2: What I dislike about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is .. . Underline the noun clause in each sentence. 1 What I like about soccer (track and fi eld I boxing) is .l the high jump sprintin)... Verb swim do lhe longjump do Ih ~ higlu ump sprint di vl' lift weights Ihro\\ the ja\'clin Sport swimming long jU1I1J. Figu re out what they mean from the context.. 2 What the photographer has done is capture that perfectly.. but an ant can lift 50 times its own weight. 2 a great event A. how. 3 Lot me tell you why .er sprinter diver weightlifter javelin thrower 3 Grammar: noun clauses (1) a Look at these quotes describing tho pictures . discuss these athletes. it is the fastest creatu re on earth. d Complete these sente nces with your own words.. e Com pare your ideas with the rest of the class.. 2 Herb couldn 't understand how I got such a good shot.. 7 What attracts me to watching sports on television is .that means it accelerates fa ster than the space shutt le! 3 long jump : a kangaroo can jump 13 meters. C 3 an unusual perspective for a picture A 4 movement A . 2 high jump : a fl ea can jump 100 centimeters high . 3 You can see from this picture why Coe was such a great competitor. How Bre these different from 1.b Read the captions again. C c Find the following words or expressions in Exercise 2a. 13. Then answer the questions. d What makes a great athlete? In pairs..! diving wei&.htlift ill8 the javelin Person swimmer longlwnper his!Lj ume. 2. 1 boxer 2 soccer player 3 runner 4 basketba ll pl ayer 5 weight-lifter 6 race car dri ver abi lity to ru n/jump speed strength hand-eye coordination love of danger ability to work in a team stamina determi nation I think whot mokes a great boxer is . a cheetah a flea a kangaroo a dolphin an ant 1 sprinting : the cheetah can run 100 meters in five seconds.. C 6 great emotion B. the kangaroo rat can jump 10 ti mos its own length. why b Are the noun clauses the subject or the object of the sentence? the object b Now look at these sentences from the captions a nd underline the noun clause. 8 I can't understand the menta lity of sports fans who . 5 One thi ng I don't understand about sports is why . using the criteria in the box and any others you can think of. is my fa vorite sport : 4 What I really like Idon't like about the Olympic Games is . c Check your answers in the Gra mmar Summary on page 88. C 7 the race for the fini shing li ne C 8 professional rivalry B. a Which question words in troduce the clauses? what .. 5 weightlifting : a real ly strong man can li ft twice his own weight. 4 swimming : dolphins can travol great distances in the water without stopping. Unit S . 1 take him out {A} 2 shot (8) 3 the tape (C) 4 hit my limit (C) 5 unbearable (C) 4 Vocabulary: track and field a Complete the table with the correct nouns or verbs. . C 5 victory B. 1 The perspective of the picture is what I love about this one.. at a speed of up to 46 kilometers an hour. b Check your answers in the Vocabulary Summary on page 88.. Which ono describes (or which ones describe) the fo llowing? 1 a great personal ity A.. and 3 above? Why do you th ink this is? 1 What J love about the picture is that the photographer has gone up high into the stands. 6 It always amazes me in big soccer or football games how .

It involves both strength and suppleness. 4 Everyone should eat a balanced diet. • Martial arts: Capoeira is now mainly known as a mixture of dance. c Ask your partner these questions about their text. 1 What are the people in the pictures d· . It has become very popular in recent years. . Student B: Read the text about karate on page 150. and others to defend themselves. 5 A lot of people do yoga or meditate. It was developed by the slaves in Bahia. omg. 2 People sometimes do volunteer work . Would you prefer to take up karate or capoelra. 3 We should try to use our cars less . Find mor~ ways of expressing purpose in the texts. 2 What is the purpose of these sports? 3 Do you do any sports like these? Why? b In pairs. or twist away. so as to fight their masters. wouldn 't feel scared in the streets at mght... gymnastics. after the early years of slavery. The first record of it dates from 1770. WhIch verb forms follow the expressions? Why?/Why not? capoelra Capoeira was originally an African martial art imported to Brazil along with African slaves. so the slaves practiced it secretly in the forest In order to disguise it from their masters.1 Reading skills a In pairs. do a handstand to move away. It consists of a number of movements based on attack and evasion. Soon. 2 Grammar: expressing purpose a A common way of expressing purpose is with to: I took up karate 10 keep fit. the slaves made it look like a dance. read about two martial arts. Student A: Read the text below.. the slave owners prohibited it.. others do it to keep fit. drop onto your elbovvs and kick. Some people see it purely as a way of enjoying themselves. b Complete these sentences with an expression of purpose and your own words. So in capoeira you might head butt an opponent. LANGUAGE NOTE We can use the expressions of purpose in the negative. and martial arts. GLOSSARY martial to do with war or fighting suppleness being able to move and bend your body easilv '- UnitS Sports . Brazil.. about capoeira. 1 Some peop le take up a martia l art . 1 2 3 4 Where did the sport originate? When did it originate? Why do people practice the sport? What are its main movements? d .. Try to make at least one negative sentence. too: I took up judo so as nollo I so that I . discuss the pictures.

Model a nswers: Some people take up a martial art to keep fit. philosophical way of life Allack with foot and hands. which includes h ow to form tho nogative of an expression of purpose using those phrases. - altemative 2 Grammal': ex press ing purpose Write studen ts' findings from Exercise 2a on the board. They are followed by on infinilive. ~. so I took up karate to feel stronger. Answ ers: Capooim Africa Beforo 1770 To en joy themselves. kung fuJ. defend themselves Allack and evasion: head bUll . throw twist self-defense confidence keep fit Ask How are these words related /0 martial artS? •• 1 Reading skills Ask stude nts 10 work in pai rs to do Exercise l a. ond I do_ Sports T 82 Unit 8 ..Objectives Grammar Topic: martial arts and parts of the body Vocabulary Pronunciation Reading extract from a Writing Ustening expressing purpose ports of the body w eak forms with l'd/ martial arts book on advice leaflet on security a radio phone-in Wrile Martial Arts on the board. drop to elbows. To. toe kwon do. By doing this. Some people take up a martial art in order to enjoy themselves. a nd B pairs read text B. Some people take up a martial art so thai they know how to defend themselves. Be careful: so is used twice in the text with the meaning of consequently.. " Ask them to road their texts carefully. so as to fight their masters . Check answers wit h the class briefly. . kick... Students then ask a nd answer the questions. you give students preparation Hme so that they are ready to answer queslions. force comes from hips . Quick grammar guide Answers: . karole.. in order 1 and so as to a re used to express purpose. but I need to save money. Karate may not really make me sofer. In order to disguise it .. here. II is not.udo. 10 defend themselves Complete tho fi rs t son te nce in Exercise 2b as an exa mple to get stude nts sta rted . Discuss student s' responses to Exercise 1d as a w hole class.000 years ago Self-defense.balance and hip ro tation Divide the class into A poirs and B poirs. Aftcrwurds. Then they discuss it with their portner.. and point o ut tho rules of uso and form. then as k them 10 use their imagination to w rite sentences." unci who is going to be "B.~----------------------~ For Exercise 4 on page 83 ::wi Sometimes irs scary walking home at night. on expression of purpose. followed by a clouse. You don't hove to walk at nig ht here .. Then mix students so that As are paired with Bs.. keep fi t. Then ask thorn to take turns to ask and answer tho q uestions in Exercise l e.. to feel more prepared. . so thai you can use Ihem with force and accuracy . They hove to make sure they can answer the questions and explain difficult words to each other. Ask students to give you examples of martial arts I. Draw attention to the Languago Note . So (thaI) is 0. Point out the Clossary. Write on the board: Introducethetopk bell /dc. A poirs read text A. who ha s read the some text. handstand.you can toke 0 cob. twist away Karote lndia 2. ask one or two As to summarize the answe rs from B's text. but I started it in order to feel safer. T hen as k a few ind ividuals to read their sen tences aloud for the class. For Excn:ise l h .. and vice versa.lell students in pairs to decide who is goi ng to bo "A . to keep fit . ond it gives you on opport unity to mix pairs in the classroom. Let st udents check in pa irs.

if you call out "Helpr. Thank you. and I do. AI limes. Host Ch.I feel safer. Muggers tend to go for people who look nervous. I hove a police expert Martin Fowles. people may not want to get Involved. donl go down alle-ywoys or into badly·lit areas if you con help it. to feel more prepared. rve heard that. If that doesn't work. I was attacked a few months ago . or1icles. Now we hove Allie on the line.. Host Okay. Then ask them to discuss some sports. otJ.. I live in New York: and sometimes irs scary wolking home at night. Play the audio again for Exercise sh and have students check the p hrases the police officer agrees with.you can take a cob. Host Okay. Karote may not really make me safer. like prepositions. the guy threatened me with a knife. knee. You dorn want to look like a victim .. It is a good idea to hand out blank pieces of paper to make sure all the leaflets are the same size. Sod.3 Vocabulary: parts of the body For Exercise 3e. pause the recording. if he's attacked again? Expert If you get in a situation that you can't avoid. using the words in exercise 3b. H's sometimes bener to walk on the street rather __ than the sidewalk .no . or put them on the class notice board. So the progrom today is asking: is there ony1hing women con do? To help us come up with some answers. I'd just like to soy that irs not just women who are anocked at night. and took purposeful. it 5 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise Sa once through and then check answers. Is thot useful? Expert Yes. But. So. I wanted to ask about something I've heard. You don" have to walk at night here . I've heard that if you're allacked. Expert Hello. Why go on the streets alone? Host We have a coller who'd like to soy something here. Host I understand that a lot more women are taking up martial arts these days. asking students 10 repeat. there's alilhe obvious advice. sometimes just feeling sofer can help. thars true. Deborah? Caller 1Oh. as is head). (to. and the anacker wants money. hi.. rve started to carry. shin. it is. Allie. It should not be necessary to pause the recording for them to write. Unit 8 T 83 Sports . Words which ore commonly unstressed.. Clues: in a place you don't know. what happened? Caler 2 Well.if you have to walk the streets alone at night. I understand that you feel safer. people come out of their houses to see v. but I need to save money. Police and women" s organizations soy the problem is getting worse. Now we hove . Is that true? Host Fire? Expert Yes. ~ Allow students to check their answers in pairs before they listen to the audio for Exercise 4b to check. 0 Expert Yes. thaI isn't a good ideo. After each line. ankle are important. so I took up karate to feel stronger. Jason. but he didn't harm me. look ahead.. Host We have another call. After Exercise 6c. but I started it in order 1 feel sofer. Allie? Calef 3 Yes. just give it to him. Host What other basic advice would you gwe women wolking alone at night? Expert Well. you should shout au! "Fire!" as loud as you can. check that they understand that the leafl et is written for tourists. too. divide students into groups of four. Ti 6 Writing skills When students have done Exercise 6a . Replay the audio.. the!.if there isn't a lot of troffic. keep to well-lit streets where there are lots of people. Or if you harm someone. Well. There's no point in risking your life for money. /0. you know. what would you like to '-Of' Caler 2 Hello. but our first advice would be not to put yourself in any s~uotion 'Nhere there might be danger. Sub-divide the groups and make sure each pair chooses a different situation. The audiascript for Track 34 is on poge T82 ~ 35~-------------------------------------------------------Host Recently. like. Allow five minutes to discuss and make notes. you know. but true . Ask students to read through steps 1 to 4 carefully. with me today. Give them an example (soccer: foot. staple the leaflets together to make a guide for vis itors. so I guess ~ wasnl too bad. In Exercise 5c. Pass the guides around the class for other groups to read. Host But what should someone like Jason do. make sure you know enough of the language to . He took my wallet and my cellphone. as though you know where you're going. encourage students to take notes as they liston. but if you coli aut "Firel". of course as you're in the open there. you could be in trouble. but an onacker could use your weapon against you. and irs a good idea. martial arts or seIf·defense courses can help your confidence. a weapon with me now . try running fi rst. irs so unstressed in continuous spee<:h that it con barely be heard.-hors happening. there has been on increase in anocks on women in the streets at night. You see. not down. and other structure words ore often pronounced with the /3/ sound. walk toll. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with l'dl pronundation gQuick The weak unstressed 13/ sound is the most common phoneme in English. yes. For Exercise 6b seat each group of six in a circle or around a table. Expert Joson.

hips..ll the information together. so I took up karate@fcel stronger. fect. hand . but J need to save money. and I do.. Does the police expert agree with these ways of protecti ng yourseJf? 1 Taking up a martial art 2 Keeping to well-lit areas at night 3 Carrying a weapon 4 Running away from an attacker ~ c Listen and make a note of all the advice that the police expert gives.. If you think someone is going to attack you' 1 start running.. muscles b Match the numbered parts orthe body with the words in the list. 3 Decide what information. abdomen armpit elbow fool head hip shoulders toes wrist [jJ 0 [l [) !]j ~ Iill [j) ankle sh in fingers hand heel knee th igh waist ffi III III IJ[J IE) ~ 6 Writing skills a Read the extract below .-3 Vocabulary: parts of the body \. fo llow these steps. Example situations: on the street. Karate may not really make me safer. e. Then decide on the headings for your leafl et and put a.g. Say the text to yourself and circle the words that become weak (unstressed). Do you agree with the advice? situat ion from the ones below. at cash machines. ~ b Listen and check your answers. discuss which parIs of the body are important in any sports Ihal you play. tat makes a lot of noise. Sometimes it's scary walking home@night. 2 Think about attacks that may happen to visitors and the pur pose of the attack. you will use fro m the radio program and add information relevant to a local context. 4 Pronunciation: weak (unstressed) forms with fa! a Read what this woman says about why she took up karate. Z Who is the program mainly aimed at? women ~ b Listen aga in.. 5 Listening skills ~ a Listen 10 a phone-in program on the rad io and b Now write a leaflet advisi ng visi tors on security in your city. or from others in your city.. Compare your notes with a partner.who might rcad it? Why? Do you agree with the advice? iJ!I 0 III Practical tips When you're in a place you don't know: 1 ensure you find out where lhe dangerous areas are and don't go there! ' c In groups... 1 Divide into pairs. Capoira: head. then repeat the lext 2 make sure you know enough of the language to ask for help. 2 kick your attacker in the shin . . but I started it in order to feel safer. elbows Karate: hand16st. . In groups of six.. The first two are circled for you.but make sure you hit the bony part. in parks. If you can't run away: 1 shout for help as loudly as you can. jewelry.. ' 2 'tlttract attention by breaking a bottle. cell phones. if any. a window or anything 3 carry a whistle and blow it hard so people can hear it and come to your rescue.. 4 Write a list of practical tips for your situation. money. 1 What is the topic? allacks on women on the street at night. to feel more prepared... Each pair takes a different answer these questions.. c Show your leaflet to your group . cameras. Check each other's content and language.. You don't have to walk at night hereyou can take a cab. Sports UnitS . a Go through the Iwo texts in Exercise 1 and find six parts of the body. on public transportation.

Not for girls? Sport or spectacle? 1 Reading skills a In groups. His presence at laila's first professional fight. ButLaila is a feisty and determined individual and it is that as much as her famous last name that has made her a magnet for worldwide media attention. made people wonder how he would react when one of his daughters decided to take up the sport. Which of the phrases below refer to Laila and which to Muhammad? Why is each one im portant in the context of the article? 1 the most fam ous sports fig ure on earth Muhammad 2 feisty and determined Laila 3 Parkinson 's disease Muhammad 4 the greatest Muhammad 5 a magne t for worldwide media a ttention Laila Twenty-one-year-old Laila's debut fight was a huge success and there was as much publicity for the fight as her father's fights once attracted. Since then. Of course. plus his outspoken opposition to women's boxing. "arrival on the boxing scene of a woman with her family history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle." said one referee about her. "She knows what she's doing. Of course Muhammad Ali wanted to watch his daughter fight.AIi ." "-laila Ali would rather not compare herself to her father. Unfortunately. She knows she's going to get hit hard at times. laila has won most of her fights by knocking out her opponent. Ali's decision to start boxing despite her father's struggle with the symptoms 0 '. '-- 1 Are you surprised at seeing wom en doing these sports? 2 Which one is the most surprising/shocking? Why? 3 Can you think of any sports that are more associated with women than men? What might be the reaso n? b Read the article about Laila Ali."~ knows about moving well.The ring announcer introduced him as the "The Greatest" and ar he sat down at the ringside the crowd chanted "AIi. The diagnosis of his illness as Parkinson's disease after his retirement fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing and criticism of the sport. MuhammadAli is probably the most famous sports figure on earth. Parkinson's disease has of course sparked a mixture of debate and criticism. he is recognized on every continent and by all generations. seemed to "-broadcast her father's support. GLOSSARY feisty having a strong character swollen larger and rounder tha n usual spectade an impressive show (sometimes used to show disapproval of something ridiculous) .. but at least she is prepared for it.". Her father supports her decision to enter the sport but he has not "spared her the details of what can happen. You can see some of her dad's moves. She prefers to make hr own name.AIi. That. however. discuss these questions about the pictures o n this page. Laila's opponent was much weaker than she was and the fight lasted just 31 "-seconds. t~.. that she may get a broken~ nose or a swollen face . the daughter of Muhammad Ali. all right. Laila realizes that her father wants her to understand the worst possible scenario to see if she still wants to go forwar" with it.

Objectives Grammar Topic: women and sports Reading on Internet article verb + verb constructions (to + infinitive / -ing verb! Ustening an informal conversation Speaking a role-play Write the names of two or three famous sporlswomen on the board. ask students to read the article and match phrases to the people. Mia Hamm. In the U.. and tennis are often associated with women . Serena Williams. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. gymnastics. Volleyball.but choose women well-known to your studentsl. Afterwards. Gabriela Sabatini . Answers: Sports associated with women : ice-skating.S . (For example. find out the degree to which your students agree or disagree with each other.possibly because these are sports that most girls play at school. to fight/to box a fight / a boxing match boxing ring'" place where boxers fight 01ringside". next 10 the boxing ring lake up boxing"" start doing the sport of boxing knock out on opponent ::= make him/her unconscious Vocabulary work Sports T 84 Unit8 . field hockey. women's' soccer is very popu lar. synchronized swimmingprobably because the sports are gracefu l and balletic. Ask Whol sports do Ihese women ploy'! Whol qualifies and strengths do they have? What other female sports stars do you know? Introduce the topic 1 Reading skills Ask students to work in groups of four to six to discuss the questions in Exercise l a . In Exercise lb. You may wish to check that students understand these words connected with boxing.

. darling. I'm going motorcycling. Girl I can already dance. Quick grammar guide: verb+verb Students simply need to memorize whether verbs ore followed by to + verb.".. Motorcycling? Racing? How long hos this been going on? Girl I started motorcycling . and thars what I wont to talk to you obout. Father But you don't even have a motorcycle. have a brief class debate about boxing or any other sport in which women's participation is currently controversial . Father Thafs not true. Father And isn't It expensive? t mean.. Girl I'm always studying. hong on.with Joke. and I'd reolry like . [n Exercise 2b.about six months ago. Parkinson's disease fuelled the debate about the dangers of boxing" "hor fa mily history attracts even more questions about whether women's boxing is sport or spectacle" "Muhammad Ali wanted to watch bis daughter fight " Following Exercise ld. I think we need a serious conversafion oboul all this . Play the audio again.. let lhem check their answers in pairs. I'd prefer you to take up dancing or something like thaI. actually t wonted to talk to you about that. seemed to broadcast her fath er's support" "Lalla has won most of her fights . irs just that we think you should be studying for your exams. Unit 8 T 85 Sports . you con" use Joke's bike forever. also point out the Languago Note that discusses start. 3 Listening skills in Exercise 3a. building up a list for and against. and I've been racing a few limes. Pause the recording to give students time to note the arguments. 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructions Exercise 2a can be done in pairs. . or the -ing verb. Gift Exactly. and complete the table. rd rather spend my free fime motorcycling. Encourage students to read tho Useful Language box as they prepare their arguments. Answers: "his presence at Laila's first professional fi ght . elicit the answer to the first question from the class to get them started. Mother Well.. find examples.. Ask students to research the text. trs excrting. Let students discuss their answers with a partner before sharing them with the class. Answers: For: iI's exciting Against: she should be studying for her exams. thers why. it's expensive 4 Speaking skills Allow four or five minutes for studonts to do Exercise 4a. Mother But isn't It dangerous? trs just tholt'm worried. I don'l en. Let them compare their answers with a partner. Prepositions ore always followed by -ing. After students have comploted tho sentences in Exercise 2c. I'm the best student in my class. Father [from another room) Motorcycling? Mother Motorcycling? Girl Yeah. I'm using Joke's but he . then give students three or four minutes to complete Ule rest of the text. . ~ ~ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Common problems ond errors Translating from the students' first language and overusing 10 + verb My parents don'llel me ~ oul/ole. Girl No . -~~-----------------------------------------------------. on his bike .. Mother And why didn't you tell us? Why did you hide it from us? Girl Well. nothing? Where are you going? And don'. Mother What do you mean. and discuss the sentences. Ask students to listen and check their answers. soy "nowhere: Girl Okay. Mother Now. Mother And what do you think you're doing? Girl Nothing. motorcycling. ask students to read the statements carefully before researching the article to find phrases in the texl that support their answers.oy ~so hard.. Elicit ideas from the class and write ospecially good ones on the board. If you think we're going to buy you a matorcyde for your birthday . " "the diagnosis of . Mother Wait a minute. the simple verb. give them a few minutes to prepare what they are going to say. it 's dangerous. I'm in a race tonight. Irs my 18th birthday soon. isn't it? I didn't wont to tell you be<:ause you would have stopped me from doing it. then. Once students have read their role card for Exercise 4b. thars obvious...in Exercise l c. Right now.

try to think of other arguments for and against a girl of 17 motorcycling. 1 I'm interested in watching (watch) boxing on TV. . to + verb Simple verb ..g. stop talking. d Look at the last sentence in the article./ . 6 I'm afraid of being (be) without work. b In groups of three. Are they true for you? If not. c Tell the other groups in the class about your solution to the problem. 4 Speaking skills '- _. prefer Verbs like slarl. Check ( ~ ) the correct column in the table to show what follows them. Try not to get angry. d In pairs. Find evidence to support these statements. 2 Laila Airs boxing career is successful.c Read the article again. Who I'd be really happy if you'd found the best solution? I see what you mean. 1 Muhammad Ali accepts his daughter's decision to become a boxer.. 2 I'd rather take part (take part) in sports than watch (watch) them.. change them so that they are. c Complete these sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. You will need to negotiate. you'd betler Modal verbs and make/lei Prepositions. Make a note of the arguments that Emma and her parents raise for and against her hobby. Sports Unit8 . Emma started 1 going motorcycling about six months ago. Listen again. you are going to role play the conversation between Emma and her parents./ . 2 Discuss the situation and try to reach a compromise.he left of the table and find examples of these in the article." a In pairs. I'd like you to . decide. discuss the sentences. and her mother would prefer her 5 to take up dancing.. 3 There is a lot of controversy about both boxing itself and about women boxing. but . 4 My parents wanted me to follow (follow) in their footsteps and do the same kind of work as them. Try to fill in the blanks. a spectacle. She didn't want 2 to tell her parents because they would have stopped her from 3 doing it . or something else? Can you think of other sports that provoke a similar debate? 2 Grammar: verb + verb constructi ons a Look at the categories on t./ LANGUAGE NOTE Slart can be followed by either an -ing verb or to + verh. 4 Laila has a good relationship with her father.ing verb . Is boxing a sport. Category Verbs like IVan I. '- 3 Listening skills a Look at the picture then read this summary of a conversation between Emma and her parents. 3 I started learning (learn) English when I was five years old. Then follow these steps: 1 Tell the others how you feel about the situation . 3 When you nave reached a compromise and you know how you are going USEFUL LANGUAGE to resolve the situation. e. Choose your role and read it on page 1413. using some of the Useful Language phrases. by. then /'11 . about b Check your answers in the Grammar Summary on page 88. 5 I would prefer to live (live) on my own than in an apartment with others. suggesl Verb phrases like I'd rather. Emma would rather 6 spend her free time 7 motorcycling and she wants 8 to talk to her parents about 9 buying her a motorcycle for her 18th birthday./ . They think that she should 4 study for her exams. If you agree to X./ . from. Listen to the conversation and check your answers.

In spite of the ~ . ''V ioum<llist G _--------:-:----'-~ ~~. we should be given a chance to develop. but providing ..and the system of having the Olympics in a different country every four years is good because it increases interest. I think the Olympics are an opportunity to prove ourselves on the world stage and to become better known.. I believe countries at war shOuld be banned from competing."7. In the old days.. Nevertheless.. 2 Task You ore going to debate the role of the Olympics (today and in the future). 3 The Olympics shouldn't only be held in rich countries. read the following quotes and decide which of the views in Exercise lb each speaker holds.. they should be a good show.~ medal viIOrd"'~: : In my opinion.:::. 5 The Olympics should be abo ut athletes compoting witil each other. the Games are a media event: they are all about entertainment. Q As an athlete. Although there are problems. Sadly. The Games are a symbol of international cooperation and we have tl"" work with all nations to make them work... too... However. were justly proud of our physical and mental fitness. "'". our feelings towards countries we perceive as aggressors. with countries taking turns organizing the Olympics.... is fairest...1 Wa rm up a In groups.. " (l) \ . 1 When were the last Olympic Games? Whero were they held? 2 What do lhe imagos on these pages tell you about the Olympic Games? 3 What arc tho main objectives of the Olympics? Are they usually achieved? b Read these statements about the Olympics and decide whether you agree with them or not... Breaking world records is important.. "' The world is in Crisis. we athletes .... or at least we should insist on a ceasefire. 'Gl. 9 Bringing nations together in friendship should be the only aim of the Olympics. We could be given an opportunity to imprOYe all kinds of services. The games should have nothing to do with politics.. ~bA.." games" eommitte e . " "ClaSs athlete Unit 8 Sports . they are beyond the responsibility of the Olympic committee. with wars and aggression all around. 4 Tho current system.. the games had nothing to do with big business or with entertainment for its' \ own sake. ' ideals of bringing peace and friendship...) I believe there's nothing wrong with the Olympics as they are run today. excitement is the main '\ purpose of the 1. First .. 1 Keeping politics out of the Olympic Games is essential.they must be given back to Greece where they "" ' ~ began" .. The Games should be spectacular ... 7 The Olympics should be all about entertainment. the spirit of t(e ~ games is dead .. it is about competition and ~ making a living. 2 Countries at war should stop fighting during the Olympic Games.. the games exist to encourage the highest standards both on and off the field.. (They may hold more than one of the views.':'--~"_ We are applying to host the games next time so that we can boost our economy and provide more jobs for our citizens. As a small country... discuss the Olympic Games. something works.. Share your views with your group.. despitE:. 8 The Olympics should be abandoned these days as they attract terrorists. we should leave it alone. 6 There is too much commercialism in the Olympics these days.

branding and advertising. Answers: A 2. II is his or her job 1 make sure thai everyone in Ihe group speaks and that no one speaks about one topic for 100 tong. 0 Organizing group discussions 2 Task Let students work in pairs to match quotes and views. Beijing is hosl of the 2008 Olympics and the 2012 Olympics will be held in london. Ask students a few personalized questions to gellhem started. The images on pages 86 and 87 show the Olympic flame. say four minutes.7 E 4. Block Power solutes by American athletes at Ihe 1968 Mexico City Olympics protesting segregation. Give a short time limit.Objectives Grammar Topic: the Olympics Reading quotes Ustening Specking linkers expressing contrast and -ing verbs a committee discussion debating the role of the Olympics Write The Olympics on the boord.7 Co F5 G9 Sports T 86 Unit 8 . for example: Introduce the topic Do you enjoy watching the Olympics? Which events do you walch and why? Is it important to you when somebody from your country wins a medal? Why? 1 War m up Divide students into groups of four to six to discuss the questions and statements in Exercises 1a and lb. Ihe murder of 11 Israeli othletes by Palestinian terrorists ot the 1972 Munich Olympics. 4 81 . elicit from one person per group a summary of the main points they discussed. Culture note Nominate a group leader to ask the questions and rea d the statements aloud for others 10 discuss. Afterwards. 4 D 3.

just a sum 10 take pari. Adriano? Retired athlete Well. bulleted note form. it was very different . On the poster. I think 01 the same time thatlhere is lar too much commercialization and focus on money. In groups. so lers start. osk students to design a poster to promote on Olympic bid from their city. Play the audio again. Ilhink we'd lose pari of thaI. it does benefit them . I tend to agree with Adriana. As athletes. That would also mean that athletes who don't make a lot of money would be able to come. Yes? Journalist Okay. elicit comments from the rest of the class . you could play the same audio a third time.to help bring peace among nations. Tell students to list at least five arguments they wish to make. as Sylvino suggests. Even Ihough athletes give up a lot 01 time to compete in the Olympics. lers have a view from someone who isn'l an athlete. thank you all for coming. we're concerned that some of Ihe highest-quality athleles have decided not to attend recently. they have to design a logo. Make sure that each student in the group chooses a different role. Tell students that they have five minutes to discuss. I think if we introduced payment to take pari. write a slogan. Representative Thanks very much for your view. if athleles were paid. should be abandoned Z should be banned. I think there should be a reasonable financial reward for athletes and the work they do. Nominate one student in each group to write down arguments why. When I won my gold medal thirty years ago. irs gelling tougher for us all the time. Remind them that they have to agree on a proposal.. RepresentotiwI Right. Let students check in pairs before discussing their notes as a class. as a representalive of the International Olympics Committee. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Sylvina? Athlete Well. providing entertainment.it was all about showing the high physicol and mental standards that human oongs could reach. and so on. and five reasons why their city should get the Games. allhough I do agree with Sylvina thai we athletes are overworked and underpaid. J7~----------------------------------------------------RepresenkrIiv9 of International Olympic Committee Well. should be given 7 Follow up Divide the class into the same groups as in exerc ise 3. I'd like an athlete to comment first on this. The Olympics means a lot of time out 01 our schedules .. Ticket prices are already really high. ii ii Additlon. stop the discussion. we'd obviously have to 1001: Of how we could raise the money to do that. Tell groups to decide on the wording of their proposal. must be given. l leel rt would be a step in the wrong direction to pay the athletes. could be given. pausing as needed . !hars . But my main point is thaI the Gomes ore all about competing. T T1I 0 0 • •• • 4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to stand up and deliver their group's proposal.Give each group a large sheet of poper to design their poster on. These reasons may be in shari. be held. We hove severol items on the agenda. pushing yourself. Give students four or five minutes to discuss the statement. my job is to make sure we maintain the highest standards both in athlefics and in the way the Olympics are run.not to win .3 Prepare Divide students into groups. and tell them to decide on who is going to read it aloud to the class . Then give them a minute or two to decide which statement they wish to discuss. Ask that student to summarize their group's ideas for the class at the end. We are in danger of losing sight of the main aim of the Olympics .1 acIMty 6 Notice Read through the example and rules as a class. We're here to discuss Ihe future of the Olympics and to suggest some practical solutions for improving ~. lers just lake a show of honds_ Con you raise your hands if you think that athletes should be paid? Thank you. we have to train harder and harder and so many of us are getting injured. . and decide which role they wish to play. Yes. Answers: lb shouldn'!. tn terms of the competitors. Rrst. thanks. lfyaur students have problems hearing the expressions. then ask students to find other examples from the lesson.it increases their public prolile and competing for your country can make you inlo a national hero.time when we're not earning any money . Put lhe posters on the classroom walls.so I think we should be paid to compete . Thanks for Ihot. After each. Before we move on to the next topic. Unit 8 T 87 Sports . After five minutes. RepresentotiwI Okay. someone less directly involved. Ask students to listen and say who is speaking.

. F ~ b Listen aga in and mako notes on the following. TV producer. 1 How does tho chairperso n introd uce the topic for discussion'! We're here to discuss ..no adverti sing. after some cOll sidcmtion.. c Discuss tho issuo with the olher members of lhe commillec. . 2 10 avoid accepting responsibility for everything we say. C. 2 How doos he soloct the speakers? I'd li ke an athlete 10 comment 6 rsl on this. LeI's have a view from someone who .. a Form a commilloo 10 discuss the statement: each student chooses II different role from Exorcise 2: athlete. b Make notes on the arguments you will present to the other memhors of the committee. choose one orthe statements 1 . etc. 00 you agree with thei r proposals? Why? I Why not? Itllink we should be paid to compete. First.3 Prepare In groups of four or five." 6 Notice Look at this example from the debate: 4 Feedback Report back to tho rest of tho class on you r proposa ls. Let the wealthy countries pay for the Games! 3 Athletes should he paid to enter the Games. peaceful. Spons UnitS . Find other exa mples of tho modal passive in lhis lesson in Exercise lb Il nd Exorcise 2. 3 when we don't know who takes responsibility for an Ilction. We have discussed the statement . [Read the statemen t you cbose. Which one? Which oflhe speakers from tho quotes in Exercise 2 do you hear? A. and 5 Compare @ a Listen to a committee discussing one of the statements in Exercise 3.4 below about the future of the Olympics. Use tho (Iuot es and tho statements in Exercises 1 and 2 for ideas. Form a proposa l about the statement . we often usc the passive voice with a modal verb: 1 to avoid making tho dobato too personal. 1 Tho Games sho uld be restricted to countries that are democracies. Did most of the groups agree or disagree? Our COlllltry should be chosen 10 hosltlle Olympics in the near futuro. 4 There should be no commercialism associated with tho Games . 2 The Olympics should always be held in the wealthiest countries as poorer cou ntries find it very difficult to raise the money to host them.c to have a shorl debate. then all the best ath lot es would enter. 4 How do they fi nish their speech in each case? I think there should be . 7 Follow up In groups. Liston to tho other groups and make notes. etc. s How does the chairperson ask for opinions at the end? let's just ta ke a s how of ha nds.. Start like this: Ladies and gelltlemen. When we are debating or having a discussion. / 1 feel it would be ." 3 How do the second and th ird speakers start their speeches'! Well . then follow the steps a . Then share your ideas with the class. B. . no merchandising.].. we lIove come to the fol/oll'ing conclusions. decide whether you agree or disagree with the statemen t below.. and wilh good human rights records. ..

We often use them in this position when we want 10 emphasize them. ---waist wrist """""'" ". waist heel hip knee shin shoulders \ fingers ~ wrist I liugh ankle Unil8 5po<ts . What we need is more government support for our enterprises. Connector Followed by infinitive Example We went out for dnner to celebrate Mary's birthday. and preposiHons can also be followed by verbs. which would you like to try and why? 3 Which of the above sports.. often verbs thaI involve wants and desires: 2 Parts of the body Labet the parts Of the body using the words in the box. -ing verb This form follows prepositions: You can team a lOt from looking at people's garbage. Some verbs can be followed by either the -ing verb or vert) + to: Gary hates to meet I meeting new people. These verbs take a number of forms: dNe< wejghtlifter javelin thrower Answer these questions. I've started to learn I learning Japanese. do you find boring. Use a verb form in each one. 1 Work I want . do the lOng·jump do the high jump sprint dive lift weights throw the javelin The connectors in order to and so as to are more formal lhan to + infinitive or so that + clause. 7 Making myself better: I should . It's amazing how clever she is.Grammar Summary 1 Noun clauses (beginning with a question word) A noun clause can be the oOject of a sentence: I don't know what he is doing. Complete these sentence stems about yourself. verb This form lolows a number of verbs. 2 A big decision: When I decided . sboul elbow We prefer to watch movies at the movie theater. 6 My pet peeve: I hate. She confessed her crime so as to get a lighter sentence. It also folows a number of verbs. 1 Do you play / Have you ever played any of these sports? 2 If not. 4 A big change: When I started . 3 Hobbies / Free time: I'm interested in . We reaJ/y can't rtgure out why Susanna left Michael. 2 Expressing purpose We can express purpose with connectors that are followed by an infinitive or by a subordinate clause. Ve'" "".ide armpit elbow fingers foot hand head "hand abdome.. forget the party. The noun clause can also be a subject and come at the beginning of the sentence. 3 Verb + verb constructions Many verbs in English can be followed by other verbs. I'm calling you now so (that) you don'. and why? to. to in order 10 The government has increased wages in Ofder to gain popularity before Vocabulary Summary 1 Sports: track and field so as to sa (Ihal) the election. Where Philip goes every evening remains a mystery to me. 5 Going out: I enjoy. including most verbs of liking: Jason suggested joining the sports club in the center. bead I want to spend our vacation in Florida this year.oy going under the water when I'm swimming. Compare your sentences with a partner. It also follows the phrase I'd rather (without an object).m Sport swimming the long jump the high jump sprinting diving weightlifting the javelin p"""". and make and let: We should pay our phone bill as soon as poSsible. swimmer long jumper high jumper sprinter CIa"se I got up early so (thai) I wouldn't miss the plane. Simple verb This form follows !T"IOdal verbs. II is possible to make so as to negative by putting not before to: The po/ice put the witness in a safe hOuse so as not to expose him to danger. I don't en. They made me clean the whole hOuse every day. We can also use verb • to after some verbs of liking: Karl likes to go dancing on Friday evenings. I'd rather watch auto racing on 7V than go to the track. How you live your fife is none of my business. if any.

and grarrvnar correct? e Make final corrections to your reports and then read them to each other in small groups. Nevertheless. and in English you do say "8 black eye". Fans are attracted from all walks of life and as is the case with both baseball and football.? Put these sports in order. b The reports all deal with the same topics: fans. ~ 3 When are the games played? 4 VVIlefe do people watch the games? b D::> you know the most popular team sports in the U. Comment on these areas. I thought "8Jack Isn '/ right! We don't say that' So J chOCked it out in the dictionary. L. Tell yout: partner which words. exchange your work with your partner. WIth number 1 as the most popular. popularity. 3 Writing a brief report a In small groups. Use the key 9 o > ideas in Exercise 2 to help you.. they watch live or recorded games in a local bar or at a friend's house. that National Basketball Association (NBA) games in many cities are sold out in advance. 1 Which are the mast popular sports in your rn REVIEW Review your action plan: using your dictionary In pairs. so it may be difficult to get tickets.S. too. fans are predominantly men although so me women are also passionate about the sport. Basketball games are also extremely popular in the U. baseball is regularly shown on TV. Before you start. However.S. b In pairs. Many people follow their favorite NBA team by watching their games on TV. Interesting! Q. brainstorm and make notes on the three most popular team sports in your country. I came across "to give someone a black eye" when J was reading. Games are usually played on Sunday afternoons and if spectators don't go to the game at the stadium. The report is The most popular team sports in my country. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy. c Take one sport each and write a short report about It. is the language oorrectly used? For example. compare the language you have underlined. talk about your action plan for Unit 7. PlAN [> Your action plan: writing a short report Write a short report. Fans usually tend to be male. decide how to order the information and write a draft of the two most popular sports. and where they are watched. spelling. Nole: you win need to Show your fv"laI written report to your classmates at the end of \JrIit 9. the sport is also very popular with women.S. when the games are played. games take place on weekday evenings or afternoons between earl y spring and late fall. Baseball is the second most popular sport in the USA and as is the case with football. it is often difficult to get tickets for National Football l eague (NFL) games as they are generally sold out before the season begi ns. For those who cannot make it to their team's stadium. So popular in fact. Tickets to baseball games tend to be much cheaper and easier to get than those for football and basketball games. are the punctuatiofl. tickets. there are ten Women's National Basketball Association teams (WNBA) in the U.. d tn pairs. Try to help your partner by making suggestiofls to improve the writing.J.J Basketball Football Baseball 2 Analyzing three short reports a Read the three brief reports and check your answers to Exercise 1b. Teams in Major league Baseba ll (M l B) play 81 games in an average season. idioms. You can eithef use your notes to write about the third most popular sport in your country or you can write about anothef team sport in your country.J.) country? 2 Which people like these sports? learned about them. Are the reports good enough to go up on a Web site? There is no doubt that football is the most popular sport in the United States. You are going to write a report foc a Web site about sports in your country.(!) Z I Q: A short report 1 Thinking about the topic of your report a Work in small groups. d When you have finished. Q( phrasal verbs you looked up in your dictionary and 'Nhat information you 3: ~ ::. Sports UnilS . The basketball season is much shorter than baseball's with NBA teams playing 41 games in a normal season. collocations. discuss lhese questions. Unlike football. Can you find any patterns in the order of these topics in the reports? c Read the reports again and unde!1ine any words or phrases that may help you write your report on sports in your country. the majority of fans are men. Due to its popUlarity.J L.

5 """9' " 3 . In pairs.ded wr. " Z JIlL ~ ~ when.!!2.~ 1M mu. 7 $2.on..)f people m.Ypo$ cf . Ik-nl< tky hme ~ f"ck " 1 ..dut:wo men who have perfect skin and beautifuJ Dowing hair. ef! anorexIa Suney ct!n.dJA. try to complete the presenter's notes using the numbers in the box.>UY>ey. did pmiud.1 Speaking skills ~ b Now listen and chock your answers. ~ ~ hme IR= on.. I:xttwrt Q)1. Ie 5a<d. ~ " 8 'll. ?>U>n. 2 Listening skills a You are going to listen to part of a presentation about the media and personal image. compare your ideas . US. Mgs! d In pairs.. fey -aomen's ~ when Ye(J1iJ:nfj?n0fJ5' the way women are pNl!lcnted as perfecl in these magazines ~ cf kauI:y m 'I?Ie..s .. what are the main reasons for this? 3 How much do YOlL spend on clothes. Uton.JA~ Ji'omen. and who are very slim I 5 15 15 44 80 50 90 8. c!Mes " accessme. who are Ian. >Wi .5lL ~ pp.s ~'if' Mis. Which of tho images of beauty on this page do you find tho mostllcasl beautiful? In pairs.on.I:h I !L1ill9 '"It"OmE?1-. (are) ovcnvcighl • 6 'M Uton. did " :J li ~ ~.. 'Pu. giving reasons for your choice..o!/urns. 1 Do children and adults have ··weight problems" in your count ry? 2 If so.fMds 10 heaDh p."""". to analyze the effects of women's media on tho health of the fema le population f<. and diet products? Is this average for your country? 4 Do you pay attention to the images of beauty presonted in the media? Brain and beauty .000 ... discuss these questions.. ~ c Li ston again and complete the rest orthe noles.!l. cosmetics.easun.

Of course..Objectives T opic: images of beauty and health Vocabulary Reading a radio presenter's Grammar non-defining relative clauses your image and health Usfening a presentation notes Speoking discussing beauty and how it is maintained '--. Ask students to listen and complete the notes. Now. the next aspect we looked at was . which explains the amount thaI women in the U.we'll look at perfection in other spheres of life later in the presentation .women who have perfect skin and beautiful flowing hair. Ask students to listen and check their answers.eolog Diego Institute of Health. 01. who is presenting the findings of her recent research into the link between the media and women's health in the United States. find out how many students are very concerned about image. This constan t comparison of oneself with on unattainable image can lead to obsession. play the audio again. Of course. it has to be said that many people in the U. Ask Which of these things are important to you? How much lime and money do you spend on these things? Do you think we worry about how we look 1 much? 00 Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Ask students to briefly discuss the pictures in pairs. and who are very slim.in the region of 515 billion. "eo. Cameron. which the average woman connot hope to imitate. Afterwards.S. is that of physical beauty . spend on diet products each year . Play the audio for Exercise l b. They do spend more on clothes and accessories . which is still a lot less than they spend on Irying to get thin.) Write on the board: fashionable clothes.o "0m Ih' Sao Brain and beauty T 90 Unit 9 . cosmetics.90% . Ask Do you think the media help women have a positive image of themselves? Do you think women spend a little or a Jot? Ask students to guess the answers in pairs. age. Then ask a few questions to fOCllS students on the task..S.a staggering $44 billion. Dr. keeping fit. In fact. which. For Exercise l e . are overweight The problem of weight and image is not confined to adults . Compare that with the amount women spend on cosmetics . We wonted to analyze the effects of women's media on the health of the female population. on TV.tend to feel depressed when they read women's magazines. Afterwards. ~ ~ ~ H." 0" 'p""" Ihl' ". elicit from the class how important culture. Let students check their answers in pairs. in the movies. about 50% of all adults in the United States believe that they have a weight problem. This points to a severe dissatisfaction with their image. Our first. beauty treatments. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise ld . The reason for this is the way women are presented as perfect in these magazines.many children see themselves as too fat.and as many as 80% go on a diet at some time during their childhood. 15% of children suffer from anorexia. hairstyles. in the cose of teenage girls in particular. the first ideal women are given in magazines. and much of that stems from comparison with media images. finding was that a huge proportion of women . or their parents see them as too fat . can lead to terrible health problems: by the time they reach adolescence. Dr Cameron Thank you. Cam. and perhaps most dramatic. " •• 2 Listeni ng skills Read through the notes in Exercise 2a as a class. I. and fashion are to our ideals of "beauty. covering a sample of eight thousand women. who are ton. My team conducted a survey over two years.55 billion.

Answers will vary. Ask students to discuss their finding in pairs and then report them to the class. Ask studenls 10 complete Exercise 4d and check with a partner before discussing the answers as a class. say. syllable stress and proounciolioo. which. Common probkNns ond errors Repeating the subject pronoun after the word who or which: Young women are people who IRey may become anorexic. Divide students into groups of four or fivc to discuss the questions in Exercise 3e.aning Afterwords. For example: Which word means you ore 100 fof? Which word means you hove no hair? Which word describes spots on your face? Cheddng pronundaIion Read these words out aloud.. or that. and ask students to repeat. Brain and beauty . Ask students in pairs to think of fIVe or six questions to ask about the products. Quick 9' Oi III"nOI" guide Relative douses lalso called adjective douses) give more information about a noun in the main clause. answer the questions. Suggested answers: 1 perfume 2 hair dye 3 razor/shaving foam 4 5 6 7 8 aftershave fake Ian bair conditioner make-upllipstick tattoo --Unit 9 T 91 Pair up students to discuss the questions. pair up students to read tho problems. Then elicit answers from tho whole class. and check their answers in the Grammar Summary on page 98. and then olicit the vocabulary from tho class. For example: Which of lhese products do you use? How ohen do you use them? How much do you spend on /his product each month? Ask students to walk round the closs and interview as many people as possible in. who. Cameron is a researcher wAAA has corried oul a survey.•• 3 Vocabulary: your image and health In Exercise 3a. They usually begin with the relative pronoun. depression indigestion obesity anemia anorexia boldness fatigue ocne eczema Ask students to do Exercise 3b in pairs. check their meanings in the Vocabulary Summary on page 98. ask students to work in pairs to compare the sentences. You could do exercise Sb as a doss survey. Confusion between who and which in relative douses: Dr. use check. •• 4 Grammar: re lative clauses Have students road the examples in Exercise 4a and discuss the questions in pairs. eight minutes. and decide which ones arc not related to beauty. In Exercise 4b. 5 Speaking ski lls Ask students to look at the pictures. Checking . and 10 check. questions to see how well students hove understood the new vocabulary.

Change the relative pronoun to that where possible. The freckles which~~h get on your face are usually com pletely harmless. d Add commas where necessary to the fo llowing definitions. lb Young girls who feel unhappy with their image shouldn't read these magazines. can help with some disorders. ? It might be an idea to . which fall onto dothing around the shoulders. which promote the perfect image. Do the sentences make sense if we remove these parts? yes b Which relative pronouns are used in the examples? who. Elena Cameron from the San Diego Institute of Health. acid in the stomach anorexic dopressed an eating disorde r bald overweight pimply eating for the wTOllg reasons faint/dizzy fedint. products/changes make people more attractive? 2 Are they effective'! Which are most effective? 3 Do you use/do any? Which olle(s)? 3 4 Grammar: relati ve clauses a Read the examp les from the presentation and answer the questions.. which appear on the skin of both males and females . 2a Can we replace the relative pronoun with thol in defining or non-defining relatives? definin g acne/eczem a pimply indigestion a nemia nausea ted faint/dizzy c Check your answers with the Crammar Summary on page 98. Arc any of these problems not related to b~auty or image? Problem depression obesity a norexia ba.. . w ho are experts in food and eaLing problems. la Young girls.s ef eles]'>IIH lack of iron in your body loss of energy loss of hair nauseated a skin disorder tired (all the time) c In groups. l Our speaker this evening is Dr. who often feel unhappy with their image. Anorexia. makes you want to stop eatin!\. 1 What does each picture show? How do the USEFUL LANGUAGE They/You could / should / ought 10 . Why don't they/you try . which c Where does the comma come in the sentence? comma comes before the pronoun 5 4~ b Discuss your ideas in class. 2b Which describes all girls/magazines? la. . discuss these questions. answer the questions. Freckles. A hangover is a feeling whicht"~3tl get the day after you drank too mllch alcohol. who is presenting the findings of her recent research Z They do spend more on clothes and accessories . 2a Which sentence in each pair describes a particular group ofgirls/magazines? lb. zb Women's magaZines that promote the perfect image are part of the problem. In pairs. Za Women's magazines. which is slill a lot less than they spend on trying to get thin.3 Vocabulary: your image and health a An obsession with beauty is often a risk to one's health. The table lists some possible health problems. Is there anything in the pictures that no one would do/use? Brain and beoufy Unil9 .in Ule region of $15 billion. 1 2 tired (aUthe time) loss of energy a skin disorder acid in the stomach lack of iron in your body 3 Which one in each pair contains a nondefining relative clause? la . 5 Speaking skills a The pictures show ways in which people try to make themselves more attractive. a The sections in italic are non-defining relative clauses. 1 b Complete the table with these adjectives and noun phrases. Nutritionists. 1 Which of the problems do people in your 2 3 4 5 6 country worry about most? Z Do you know anyone who suffers from any of these problems? 3 What can people do about them? Use the Useful Language to think of some advice. Dandruff is flakes of dry skin in your hair. . shouldn't read these magazines. which often affects young girls..ldness fatigue You are/fe el depressed overweight anorexic ba ld Yo u suffer from feelings of despair eating for the wrong reasons an eating disorder loss of hair b Compare these two pairs of sentences. are part of the problem. are small brown spots.

the first two are highly dependent on the language of the person taking the test: non-native speakers are likely to score lower in linguistic tests than native speakers. On hiS way to work in the morning. testing today are probably in recruitment of employees and in school testing. 957 a 105. 1 Speaking skills a An "LQ. those of logical. tests? 4 Have you ever taken an LQ. hand d fingers 2 Find the picture below that fits best in the empty square. tests) but few people know much about them.Q. 110.0. tests have had a long and varied history. and spatial awareness. 90 4 Read the puzzle.Q. tests are considered quite limited in the type of intelligence they measure and they are not generally used so much. lOa. Questions 2 and 3.Q. 100 d 80. and spatial awareness. I. tests were being used to support theories that some races were genetically more or less intelligent than others. Take the mini test below. and position of things discriminate (against) treat someone unfairly because of race. 9S € 05. logical reasoning. he gets into the elevator on the lOth floor and goes down to the 1st floor. such as musical or artistic talent. 115. many people are against such tests because they believe they discriminate against people who learn in different ways from those demanded by the test. linguistic. 1. In recent years. l. shape. which brought accusations of racism. but adds to those. (The answers are on page 149.0. empathize (wi lli) understand how someone else feels Unh9 Brain and beauty .0. tests have also been criticized for being too restrictive and not taking into account other abilities. by the seco nd half of the 20th century. The tests were grad ually applied more generally and came to be seen as a way of measuring average intelligence relative to other people in the same age group.1. a b Most people have heard of intelligence quotient tests (I. Compare your answers to the puzzles and discuss the questions. The first tests were invented by Frenchman Alfred Binet.Q. This accepts the traditional ideas of intelligence.e. ~ . mainly to identify schoolchild ren who might benefit from extra help. tests consist of problems assessing an individual's verbal abilities. test? When? For what reason? GLOSSARY cognitive related to the brain. How quickly can you figure out the answer? A man lives on the' Oth f~oor of an apartment building . Why? • • 1 1 1 Today. The main uses of 1. regardless of their level of intelligence. Write the kind of puzzles by each one. Clearly. In fact. Most I. numerical ability. 105." test is a kind of intelligence test consisting of problems or puzzles that you have to solve. etc. He devised them to test a person's cognitive abilities. l. However. and the tests were discred ited. b Work in groups. In addition. 1 Shoe is to foot a 'ove to: ( . such as being able to understand and empathize with other people. and the way it understands things spatial related to the size. 1. 1 1 1 1 1 The man is very short and can't reach the button (or the 10th Door. 2 Reading skills a Read the article quickly and check your answers to Exercise 1b. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence has received a lot of interest. He does thiS every day. which is appropriate as this was the use for which it was originally devised. religion.0. When he comes home from 5 k he gets into the elevator and goe :O~d the 6th floor then he gets ou~ and :alkS to the 10th floor. i.) 1 Which test did you find easiest I most difficult? 2 What do you think each puzzle is testing? 3 Do you think that the puzzles are more difficult for you than for a native speaker of English? What does this tell you about LQ. other types of intelligence. tests usually have different sections to measure different abilities. 1 1 1 1 1 c 3 Which are the next two numbers in this sequence: 120. while the second two types can be completed by anyone. 110 . a toes b head .0.

Limit the time to five minutes. Q) Reading Writing topic and supporting sentences Grammar non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers Speaking an Internet article.Q. and then let them check their answers on page 149 orlhe Student's Book. Pul students in groups of four or five to discllss the questions in Exercise lb. T •• &:'l Vocabulary work A 1 invented 2 used 3 help 4 measure 5 limited B 0 benefit . test in Exercise la .Objectives Topic: intelligence (I. 3-0. 4-<. 5-b. Answers: 2 Puzzle 1 is testing verbal abilities. 3: numerical ability. 2: spatial awareness. Ask them to read the text and do the task in Exercise Za. and then let students check their answers to questions 2 and 3 with a partner before sharing them with the class.0. There are a number of synonyms in the text. tell the class to stop. an La. lest 1 Speaking skills Tell students that they have five minutes to take the mini I. After five minutes. 2 Reading skills Draw students' attention to the Glossary.Q. 2-e. b restrictive assess d devised e applied Answers: l-d. Brain and beauty T 92 Unit 9 . test taking and discussing an 1.lesls are limited in what they test. I.highly dependent on the language of the person. You may wish to check these words by writing them on the boord in two lists and asking students to match them. 4: logical reasoning 3 Yes .

appearance/attractive. (line 26) . Ask them to research the text to find reasons for why some sentences are nol true. Or have students post their answers on the wall. They are used in recruitment of employees and schoollesting.. Answers: 1 False.. A topic sentence is generally the first sentence of a paragraph. Afterwards. The tests were discredited because they were being used to support racist theories..Q. Go around monitoring. Prepare students to do Exerc ise 4b by doing the first as an example. tests to support racist theories its main uses in recruiting and school testing Ask students to check their answers to Exercise 3c with a partner before disclJssing them as a class. They should expect to see some key words repeated. and they should expect to see similar words.. By reading the topic sentence. Unil 9 T 93 Brain and beauty . In Exercise 4d . in the first set of sentences. Ihey could brainstorm: successful make money work hard get promo/ion be rich Brainstorming these words should help them with ideas for what they could include in the rest of Ihe paragraph. if a student chooses 6 There is more pressure on men /0 succeed and make money . 4 True. which is appropriate (linn 33) defining non-defining defin ing non-defining - Ask students to work in pairs to find answers to the questions in Exercise 3h. (They give the main idea of the paragraph.. t . . consider pulling students in smoll groups to do the task. who might benefit . (They should then underline the first sentence of each paragraph .. 5 False. Presentation alternative Once students have chosen their topic sentence. Clauses a and b comment on the whole sentence. They wero devised as a way of identifying children who needed extra help in schools. for example . 3 False. which is the mason why other types of learners do badly. NOll-native speakers are likely to score lower.. it is usually possible to guess the general content of the whole paragraph. ask individuals to stand up and read their paragraphs aloud (without the topiC sentences) for students to guess.Ask students to read the sentences in Exercise 2b carefully and decide whether they are true or fal se. (line 11) . . who learn . Let students check answers with a partner before discussing them as a class . Set up Exercise 3d by doing the first one as an example: Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners. For example. 4 Writ ing skills: topi c senten ces Ask students to match paragraphs and topics in Exercise 43.) Point out the Language Note on page 93.. which brought . and point out its structure (location of topic and supporting sentences). taking notes on which topic sentences best fit the supporting sentences.) Let them check their answers in pairs before going through them as a class.. Answers: the use of I. tell them to prepare carefully before writing by brainstorming words or phrases tho! would naturally follow from the topic sentence. 3 Grammar: non-defining relat ive clauses as sentence modifiers Ask students to do Exercise 38 individuall y and th en check the answers in pairs before going through them wi lh the whole class. 2 False.. Let students check their answers in pairs after they have completed the exercise. and allow students a few minutes 10 circulate around the room.. LA Topic sentences Let students compare answers in pairs before eliciting some good examples from the class and writing them on the board. Answers: . . encoumging/pressure. elicit from the class the reason(s) topic sentences are important. Cive students five to ten minutes to write their paragraphs. Give students a minute to read through the sample paragraph in Exercise 4c. Ask students to predict which words they expect to see in a supporting sentence. Ask students to choose and write down a topic sentence from exercise 3d. helping with ideas and vocabulary. In exercise 4d. (l ine 5) ... ...

they !Jui 11e wel'e mw-n1ed Ity ~. . we are going 10 try the fo llowing puzzles. Do they introduce defining or non-defini ng relative clauses? b We can use non-defining relative clauses to comment on a whole sentence.. 4 Writing skills: topic sentences a Look at the article in Ex ~rcise 2. The use of young. 3 All I.3 with the appropriate nondefining clause a-c. sUlllJOrting sentences t:oncJuslon d Read your paragraph aloud to your partner but don't read the topic sentence.. ... 4 relative pronouns who and w/!ich. testing today? c Match sen tences 1 . Then choose one of the other topic sentences from Exercise 3d and write a short paragrap h. c Read the sample paragraph.e. Match three of them with these supporting sentences. which suits the more competitive kind of person. with one or two sup porting sentences. tests? 2 What is appropriate about I..Q. tests b The sentences in Exerche 3d arc ali lopic no. tests are racist. .. It often (but not always) comes at the beginning of the paragraph. tests today Paragraph 2 types of lests Paragraph 3 the histc ry of I. T he m edia is full of a d vertisemen ts encouragin g wom e n to s pe n d more o n the ir a p pearance. 1 The media is full of <. they will always give the same score for people of the same intelligence level.b Only one of the sentences below is true. 2 Intelligence depends as much on the environment as on your genes .. x 3 Grammar: non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers a Look at the article again and find oxamples of the sentences.Q. a 3 So.... tests. Match the paragraphs with the topics. dmit knhw Z They were devised as a way of putting less intelligent children into difforent schools.Q.. Then compare your answers with a partner.Q. tests were invented in France. c a which was why he couldn't reach the last button. just for fun.. 1 Examinations are designed for particular kinds of learners . the result of a ll th is pres sure can be count erproductive . t I. a . G I. which means that the majorit y of a d verti sing for cosmetics an d other beauty produc ts is aim ed at wom en . and find the phrases in the article that tell you the others are false or that we don't know they're true.. then underline the topic sentence in each paragraph... which can actu ally make the m less. b Z The man was very short. LANGUAGE NOTE A topic sentence gives the main idea of a paragraph. not m o re .Q.. 6 There is more pressure on men to succeed and make money than on women .Q. Answer the Iwo questions below by findi ng the two non-defining clauses in the article. .w om en become worrie d and stressed abo u t their appearance..Q . attractive. Paragraph 1 the use (If I.hencA'"m(1:n. b which was a frightening thought! c which will also test your knowledge of English! d Complete these statements with a non-defining relative clause starting which is the rooson why . 1 3 We need to understand what it is about height that can give people a head start.. or which explains why . Can they guess which topic sentence you are writing about? Broin and beauty Unil9 .dvertisemcnts encouraging women 0 spend more on their appearance. It is usually followed by one or more supporting sentences. Decide which one. 4 The tosts are very reliable. 1 Whal brought accusations of racism to I.Q. 5 The theory of multiple intelligence is less restrictive than the theory behind I. However. 3 Some parents do not have many books in the house . 4 They say tall people do better in li fe. lests are hardly used today. exams usua lly have strict time limits. beautiful supe rm odels in these seems to im ply that the average woman can look like a su perm o d el if s he buys these prod ucts. There is more pressu re on women to be attractive tha n on men. 5 Z For example. 5 There is more pressure on women to be attractive than on men.. i. Which relative clauses comment on the whole of the previous sentence? 1 The explorer was in danger of being eaten by wild animals.

The secret of life

1 Reading skills
a LoO,k at the pictu res. How old are the people? Which one looks healthier? Why? b The average li fe expectancy has increased a lot in the last hundred years. Discuss the answers to these questions: then read the report and check. 1 What is the life expectancy in the United States now? Men 74, Women 80 2 Why has lifo expectancy increased in the last hundred years? Infectious diseases - less deadly. general environment cleaner, eat better c Underline the important words and ideas in the repo rt and write a brief summary of each paragraph. Then compare your summaries with a partner.

'P~ 1 ieIl.s u.s Ik tie ~n.C1J 100 lP"" ago and Way, and ...

Life expectancy in the last hundred years: changes and reasons for change
A hundred years pgo. liG. expectancy in developed countries was about :lL in the early 21st century. men in the United States and the United Kingdom can expect to live to about 'Ii. VlQIDm to about aQ. and these ages are rising all the time. \Vhat has brought about these changes? \Vhen we look at the life span of people 100 years ago, we need to look at the greatest killers of the time. In the early 20th century, thcse were the acute and often highly infectious diseas~ such as pneumonia, tuberculosis, and smallpox. Many children died very young from these diseases and others, and the weak and elderly were always at risk. health has improved with improvements in our general environment: cleaner air, better means of preserving food, better and warmer housing, and better In the developed world understanding of nutrition. these diseases are far ~ deadly today, and in some Q enetically, we should all cases have almost be able to live to about R2. disappeared. A number of but while people do live factors have led to this: longer today, there arc still improvements in sanitation some big killers around and hygiene, the discovery that are preventing us from and use of ~nribiotics, which consistently reaching that make bacterial diseases age. The problems that much less dangerous, and affect people today are the vaccinations against marc chronic illnesscs, common diseases. In such as heart disease and addition, people's general strokes, and those spread by viruses, such influenza and AIDS. Of course, cancer is a huge killer as well. In most cases these diseases affect older people, but there are worrying trends in the developed world with problems such as obesity leading to more heart disease and illnesses such as diabetes at younger ages.


The killers today can be "lifestyle classed diseases", which means that it may be possible to halt their progress.


BraIn and beouty


Topic: life expectancy
Vocabulary Pronunciation intonolion in

Reading a newspaper article

lag questions

health and disease

question lags

Ustening a radio discussion

discussing ways of improving life expectancy

Write on the boord: food




Irrtroduce the topic

Ask In whol ways have changes in these areas improved our health and fife expectancy? tel students discuss the question briefly in poirs, and then have a whole-dass discussion.

1 Reading skills
Ask studen ts to lell you about the pictures in Exercise la. Possible answers: The woman in the large picture appears to be in her sixties or seventies. and looks much healthier than the oUler woman. Tho h ealth ier woman clearly keeps fit (cycling) and has a healthy lifestylo. Tho other womBn drinks alcohol.

Put studonts in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise l b, Encourage them to think ofthree or four reasons for the answer to question 2 before readi ng the text, Help students prepare their summaries by underlining the first two or three important words and ideas as a class, Then ask students to underline other ideas, before chocki ng with a partner, Briefl y elicit answers from the class to make sure students have underlined more or less the same things, then ask students to write their summaries fo llowing the example in Exe rcise l c, Stress the importance of students' using their own words to summarize an article, explaining the main ideas they have understood from reading it. Model summary:
100 years ago life expectancy was on ly 47, whereas today it is 74 fo r men and 80 for women. The shorter life expectancy in the past was a result of killer

infectious diseases, Infectious diseases are less dead ly today because of better sanitation, antibiotics, and vaccinations and because we have im proved general health a nd a cleaner environment. Genetically, we should all reach 85, but we don't because of chronic diseases lile heart attacks and lifestyle trends like obesity, The killers today are "lifestyle diseases," which we have some influence over,


For Exercise 3b on page 95 :III Host Welcome to this week's Science Now. Today we
discuss the question: what makes people live longer? There is no doubt life expectancy is increasing, but v.ill this continue? Well. v.ith me to discuss the queslion is Professor foAoyumi Hotushi, an expert on nutrition, and Brion Winter, on exercise coosullont. Brion, you firs!. Brian HeHo. Well. yes, life expedoncy shook:! continue 10 increase, buI there is couse for concem that Iodoy's generation rno( noT rIVE! as long. Host Oh, why's that? Brian Irs completely dooMllo our Ideslyle. We Ieod very inocTiYe lives nc:rw - most people sit all day. We're not exercising enough buI.....e still eot as much as, if nol more than, people vsed 10 eol years ago when most JOOs were active. So this leads 10 obesity and 011 ~s problems, Host So we need more exercise, don't we? Brion Yes, we should do qurte sTrenoous exercise for aboulthirly minutes three limes a week. This will also help 10 ensure good sleep, which is important, Host Okay. Moyumi, do you ogree? Moyumi Oh, yes, lifestyle is very important. My interesl is in nu1rition, as you knaw. Bul did yau

know thai women in Japon live longer than any oTher people on the planet, to aboUT 82 in general? Host No! Why is lhot? Moyumi Irs hard 10 soy exoctly, but one reoson is !he diel: in Japon, we eol lots of fish and fresh vegelables. fd soy thot Japol'lCSe women trodiliooolty don'l hove a 101of stress, though thofs chonging now that more and more are working. Host And Japanese 'NOffiell don1 drink a 104 of okahol, do they? Mayuni fd soy thors changing, too! Host Who! about salt? Thafs bod lor you, Too, isn1 it? Mayumi Too much saU is, yes, buI rd soy.....e eot quite a lot. Oh, and another thing - lea. Teo is good lor you, espe60Ity green tea. Host Oh, I didn'T knavv that Now, we've lalked about diet, exercise, sleep, stress. IS there anything else? Brion Well. rd soy thot irs irnpoflonl 10 Iry To keep oplimistic ond happy and not 10 lei problems stress you too much, I think it's important to hove close friends, people you con rety on and lalk 10. You know what1hey soy - 0 problem shored Is a problem halved!

Brain and beauty

T 94


t ·· ~

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
Copy the word map in Exercise 2a on to the board. Ask students to copy it into their notebook. Word maps are a great visual way of recording. learning. and remembering words. Encourage your

students to design word maps for other sets of words taught during the course. Have students do Exercise 2b in pairs or sma!! groups.

3 Listening skills
After students have read the list and selected their five important things. let them discuss their ideas with a partner. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Ask students to listen and check the things mentioned.

Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. You may need
to play the recording a second time before students get all the answers. Ask students to discuss the questions in Exercise 3d in small groups. Answers will vary.

4 Grammar review: tag questions
Qukk grammar guide
Question togs in English are quite complex, so geHing students to use them accurately can be a slow task. The first key to the system is grasping that auxiliary verbs in the main clouse ore repeated in the question tog. However, the verbs switch from affirmative in the main clouse to negative in the tog clouse, or the other way around. The second key is grasping that when there is no auxiliary in the main clouse, danY, doesn't, or didn'l is needed in the question tog.

Common errors and problems
Students may transfer a simple system of questions togs from their first language 10 English;

You like it, A6? They ore married .
Youlikeit. ~?


Students may overuse the tog "isn'l il?

Ask students to complete the question tags as they listen to the audio for Exercise 4a. Play the recording again. pausing at Ule tag questions, if students are not sure of the answers. Let students check their answers to Exercise 4c in pairs before discussing them as a class.

5 Pronunciation : tag questions
Read through the rules in Exercise 5a as a class before doing the exercise. Play the audio again. Ask students to listen and repeat. Play and pause, ask the whole class to repeat. and then ask two or three individuals to repeal the sentences as well. Play the audio for Exercise 5c. Ask students to listen and write "checking" or "asking".

6 Speaking skills
Give students five minutes to discuss and list health problems and causes. Briefly survey answers from the class, and ask each group to identify what they think the major problem is. Encourage students to use the example in question 4 as a model for their writing. Finally, have one student from each group present their report to the whole class.

a Sa we need more exercise, don't we? b Japanese women don't drink a lot 01 alcohol, do they? c Thars bad lor you, too, isn't it?

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 II isn't raining again, is it? IfaUI Sarah didn't eat much, did she? Ifalll Patrick booked the tickets, didn't he? Irisel I'm invited to the party too, aren't I? Irisel Nothing'S going right these days, is it? {lallJ This is the right place, isn't if? (rise] They'll be late, won't they? 11011 1


T 95

Brain and beauty

2 Vocabulary: health and disease
a Go through the report on page 94. Find the d iseases mentioned and the ways o f dealing with some of them. Add them to this word map.

4 Grammar review: tag questions


a Complete these tag questions. Listen and check your answers. 1 So we need more exercise, don 't we ? 2 Japanese women don " drink a lot of alcohol, do they ? 3 That's bad for you too, isn't j! ?

ways or dealing with different problems

health and disease

b Complete the rules for tag questions. If the main verb is positive, the tag question is negative . If the main verb is negative, the tag question is positive .

There are some "irregular" tag questions: I'm -7 aren't I? This is -7 isn't it?

b Discuss the diseases and problems in the word map. Think about possible causes of each one from the list below, and how they can be dealt with.
infected food and water bacteria/viruses working too hard eating the wrong food pollution


alcohol abuse smoking ignorance

c Write the tag questions for these sentences. js it ? 1 It isn't raining again, 2 Sarah didn't eat much, did she ? 3 Patrick booked the tickets, djdn 't be ? 4 I'm invited to the party too. oreo 'l i ? 5 Nothing's going right these days. is it 6 This is the right place. iso 'l iI ? 7 They'll be late, MlIlD'llbey ?


3 Listening skills
a The repo rt mentions "lifestyle diseases", which 5 Pronunciati on: tag questions may slop the average life expectancy from ~ a Wo can use tag questions to check something we increasing. How can we improve our lifestyle and think we know, or to ask a real question. If we live longer? Look al this list and decide which ask a real question, the voice rises on the tag five you think are the most imporlant. questions; if we are checking, it falls. Listen to 1 eating fish ~ the three questions from Exercise 4a again. 2 avoiding sugar 0 Wh ich one is "real"? 3 avoiding too much salt Listen and repeat the three questions. 4 not too much alcohol Listen to the questions in Exercise 4c, Write 5 not smoking "checking" or "asking" by each one. 6 doing lots of exercise 7 keeping a healthy weight 8 sleeping well 6 Speaking skills 9 being optimistic IH In groups, discuss ways of improving life expectancy 10 not too much stress ~ in your country. 11 being married I with a partner 0 1 List the ma jor health problems in your country. 12 having close friends ~ 2 List their causes: are they lifestyle·related? Listen to a radio discussion about life expectancy 3 Suggest ways of dealing with these problems. and li festyle. Put a check by the things on the list that are mentioned. 4 Write a short report about one or two of the major problems. Li sten again and answer the questions.





1 Why is the amount we eat a problem today? because of inactivity and obesity 2 How much exercise should we do? thirty minutes three times a week 3 Why do Japanese women live longer than everyone else? because they eat fish and vegetables, have liule stress and don't drink much alcohol 4 Why does Brian think fr iends are important? you need people to rely on and talk to d In pairs, discuss these questions. 1 Do men or woman live longer in your country? Why? 2 Think of very old people you know. Does anything in their lifestyle explain their long life? 3 Would you like to live to over 1oo? Why? I Why not?

in ouy ayea, a1Le ygi£S aye a 6t-g flYo6&m. 7he)! can be caused by plan!:5 OY pe15, 6u.1 lhe)! can also be caused by ,,"Y pdtu.lU)n, wfuch can ¥eaLt)! damage )!""Y heaLih. 'Peopte can gel vaeem,,5 ag,,"nsC ce.uun aLteygie5, a-nd Ihey 5huuld h-y ..wi ro have plan!:s oy pUs Ihat cause aLteYg"'s. The .f!uvern/",,,n!: sMul.d h-y ro Yeduce atY pcllultnn 6ecau.se tl makes aLUygi£S woyse.
5 Compare your ideas with other groups.

Broin ond beauty


1 Warm up
a How do you think you learn most effectively? Before you start work on this lesson, make notes about the ways in which you think you learn best, e .g. visually. by doing things with your hands. by talking to others. b In Lesson 2 oflhis unit you read a little about Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intell igence. Now you are going to learn more about this. Read the lext and write the kinds of intelligence in the table below.

. k that every parent th"nks their \ Teachers often)O e arch Suggests that . . od recent resc child IS a gemus, a roa bcl lntclligence is affect~d to some extent they d~ffercnl factors: gellene, by a number of . nal and so on. In the late environmental, cm otlO d doer of H ar vard Howar ar . 20th centur y, . d dOff nl kinds ofintelhgence, . "ct nnile I CfC I University I C th factors. For examp e, ccount esc which take IOta, a . c which refers to people there is visual tntclhgenc .' maps and so on . th ough pictures, , who learn best r th thcr hand refers to onco ' IOte ' c blem solving, and L ogical ' l JIgene , . th gh numbers, pro . learnUlg rou f . I traditional intelligence analysis. These arc air ~ d tifled more unusual G dncr also I en . types, but ar rural intelhgence .' such as no. d IOtelhgcnce,. nnd thc environment), an re (underst.andlO~ natu ( ki g questions about life), existential intc~lgen.ce a~ : nderstanding yourself intrapersonallOu~\hgcnc () d intcrpersonal d I mng alonc, an d well an ear d' other people an (understa n 109 ·th intelligence . lnlera cong well WI . them) . \Vhal all thIS means is that if we can , identify child ren'S " ~ different strengths among of these type s intelligence, we can hC\~ child ren to fulfill thclr potential as learners.

Kind of

What does it mean?


in telligence

Your ~ score


Learning through
language Learni ng thro ugh looking
Learning th rough analysis Learning though doing

Reading articles



Using tables and graphs
Problem-solving ac ti vities







Doing physical games Using chants and rh ymes Writing a diary at home



Learning through sounds and rhythm Learning through thinking and working on your own Learning by interacti ng with other people Learning through observation of the world Bround you Learning through asking questions abo ut life





Working in groups, e.g. role play Working outside, in the countrySide




Discussing important issues


Unit 9

Brain and beauly

Thars. too. But. yeah. you know. noun clauses. For Exercise 6 on page 97 1I Jane I was reading a really interesting article earlier today. I mean. Thai must be port of verbolleorning . kinestheti c. it's one of the ways of learning. but should teach. like I'd always keep notes when the teacher was talking. how would you go about learning those words? Who of you would write frans/a/ions? Who would put these words in sentences? who would learn them by miming or matching to pictures? After eliciting a few different answers.. I mean..using language. so they were really blocking out some types of learners and making life more diHicull for them . ask What does this Ie/I us about the way we learn? 1 Warm up Have a brief class discussion for Exercise la . motivated. I've heard of that. Rob Yeah? Jane It was about Howard Gardner and his theory of multiple intelligences. too. I haled college . I'd rother study in a class Ihan on my own. Ask students to read the text and complete the first column of the table in Exercise lb . Jane Thars right. Rob Oh. I don't feel I'm learning unless I write. surely it's not iust about learning. yes. I feel that t can learn a 101 from ather people. um. For example: jump skip hop leap step stride Introduce the topic Ask If you had to. Isn'l it about how diHerent people learn in different ways? Jane Thars right. isn't it? Jane Well. I think. don't you? Jane Oh. interpersonal. . Rob I'd say thai writing is also Ie<nning through doing. but you prefer 10 study with other peaple. I prefer to study alone and figure oul problems for myself. you know. I love Brain and beauty T 96 Unit 9 . Irs about how some people prefer 10 learn through listening or reading or taking notes. but I tend to write things down. um. and relative clauses a book extract an informal discussion Write a set of words on the board. Rob Not only can teach. you're right. irs about teaching. you know. I know what you mean. Rob Sa you must be. Find out how students feel they learn best. I just like doing things. right? I lean toward visual learning. whereas I lend to be more intropersanal. ~ ~--------------------------. Strange..Objectives Grammar Topic: different types of intelligences and learning styles Reading Ustening Speaking analyzing learning styles verb + verb constructions. Rob I think that we both have something of the other types of learning.all the professors iust stood up and lectured all the time. you can leach in lois of different ways to make the lesson more interesting and to make sure more and more learners are.. Jane Have you ever analyzed yourself? Do you know how you learn best? Rob I haven'l analyzed it. yeah. Rob Oh. through games and activities where you get up and move around. you know the kind of thing. too. I like learning through aclivity. I'm physical. wouldn't you? Jane Yeah. They didn't use any other techniques. the kinesthetic type. looking 01 maps and figuring things out from pictures.

and . Answers: Rob: verbal.. Additionalodivity The Qudioscripl for Track 42 is on page T96 '" Unit9 T 97 Brainondbeouty . find out which types of learners are most common in the class. 3 Prepare Ask students to use the phrases in the Usefu l Language box to write 8 short analysis of their learning style.. drowing. Both . Let students check their answers witb a partner beforo discussing them with the class. but . 7 Follow up Divide students into groups of four to six to share their ideas and prepare a report in note fonn. Change pai rs in the classroom. Have a brief class discussion o f students' answers. 4 Feedback Ask students to take turns to read their analyses aloud. interpersonal •• 6 Notice Play the audio agai n for Exercise 6a. Give students two or three minutes to prepare a brief description of their learning style using the new languago. Ask students to listen and say what typos of intelligence the speakers have. tables. On the a/her hand / In contrast.. Also. and videa in closs. . leons toward . brainstorm on the board ideas for types of activities that could be used in and out 01 closs to facilitate learning... For example. Ask each grou p to report to the class. you could use more pictures.. if mostleorners are visual. From a show of hands . Bearing in mind which types 01 intelligence are most common in the closs.. inlrapersonal Jane: visua l. whereas. J prefer doing problem-solving (lctivities to reading or speaking. students could draw and match pidures more when studying vocabulory ot home. ... You cou ld help students by reading out a model ana lysis. ask a few students to briefly su mmarize what they found out about their partner. On one hand .. I lean toward doing probJem+solving activities rother Own reading or speaking. kinesthetic .... Ask studcnts to work out their score and discuss the results with a partner... prefer . For example: 1 learn best by analyzing. Ask students to co mplete the sentences and check their answers in pairs.. . labeling. You may need to play and pause to give students sufficient time to write their answers. Aften'lsrds. 5 Comp are Play the audio for Exercise 5... Presentation alternative Write the following language on the board to he1p with preparing the report: We all tend /0 . Thon ask studonts to tell their new partner about their learning style: I tend to learn best by analyzing.2 Tas k Ask students to work ill pairs to add to the Examples column in the table. kinesthetic..

1 Jane: Some people prefer .. J like I don 't like . 4 Jane: I love .. Did anything surprise you about your partner? Did you agree with their analysis? 5 Compare ~ Listen to Rob and Jane doing the same task. 7 Jane: I'd rather .. 6 Notice Listen to Rob and Jane again. 8 Rob: . Make noles to toll your partner about how you learn. 2 Rob: I lend . Read the table again and give yourself a score of 0-3 for each type of intelligence. .. 2 = I sometimes learn in Ihis way. J prefer . 5 Jane: I like . Whal kinds of intelligence do you all have? Which is the most common kind ofintelligence in the group? b Report the resu lts of your group to the whole class. 1 '" I rarely learn in tbis way. 6 Rob: I prefer . Complete the sentences below. c Decide w hich are the three most common types of intelligence in the class.. ..2 Task a Usa your noles from Exerc ise 18 to add more exam ples to the table. b In the sarno pairs. 3 Prepare Use your scores above to list your styles of learning. b Find out about your "intelligence" (we can all have more than onc type of intelligencel.. 0 ". describe your learning styles to each other again.. .... wheroas I tend .... Which types of intelligence do they each have? Brain and beauty . 3 Jane: I lean toward . Can you give me an example a/what you mean? a In groups. Listen 10 your partner's analysis.. Keep a note on the most common types of intelligence in other groups.. 3 = This is one of the ways I learn best. b Discuss your learning styles together... describe your styles of learning to each other.. I don't learn like this at all. 4 Feedback a Present your analysis of ycur learning sty les to your partner... 7 Follow up USEFUL LANGUAGE I learn best by.. This time try 10 use some of the language in Exerciso 6a. I'd rather .

She speaks English. Note that defining relative clauses are not separated from the main clause by commas. Unit 9 Broin ond beauty . In pairs. Where the relative pronoun is the object of the relative clause. 1 Harvard University is especially well-known for its law school. UJ peyson.'y(:y pecple e. the sentence stilt makes sense: It's really cold today.e. In this case. the fact that the elections take place fNefY three years is democratic) Write a sentence about each of the following. the voice rises on the tag question: I don't know Pilar. and that we always separate them from the main clause with a comma. )la:. giving more infonnation in non-defining relative clauses... is spyuut from peyson. In this use the voice falls on the tag question: '!-tlu've been to Europe several times. the tag question is positive: This kind of relative clause gives additional information about a person. which have sold millions of copies. we use the modal to form the tag questiOn: Brian can't sing very well. because she doesn't have much money. isn't it? There al'8n 't any concerts here this weekend. Use relative clauses where you can.e qr cqu. al'8 they? M8J'k's been with that company for years. thing.. hasn't he? With modal verbs. and any other language you need.In!lue:n}4. Choose five of the diseases or problems in 1 and write a definition/description of each. . or idea. can 6e ptt'V'en1:ed now by a "Y(lCC. Non-defining relative clauses Kevin and Laura aren't coming tonight. wfuch t. 3 Mumps is a painful disease.Jl:.sdtes m tAe wo-dd. wluch is caused by a "YtrnJ.1UWY. we foon the tag question with doIdoes/did: information in defining relative clauses: She's the woman who won the beauty contest. guess which word your partner is defining..otics a hangover a topic sentence Japan alcohol an optimist B A professor.'vam U1U-vey~. which is very democrafic.e. which.e. are read by young and okJ alike. antib. We cannot usually leave out the We can also use them to ask a real question. whose. 3 Tag questions u. which is odd. Non·defining relative clauses are used mof8 in written than spoken English. is especuu1:y welL-known..I Identifying or defining relative clauses This kind of relative clause tells us exactly which person or thing we are talking about.-e'1f .>cia diabetes indigestion smallpox 2 Causes of disease I health problems alcOhol abuse viruses smoking bacteria pollution eating disorders radiation infection / infected food or water . haven't you? :::. . 5 LQ. al'8 there? My wife. 2 Gabriel Garda Marquez wrote A Hundred 'rOOrs of SoJitude. who 's an architect.AIDS allergies anem~ eczema """"'" fatigue tuberculosis _esOOo heart disease innuenza stroke pneurT'oOflia A It's a person who teaches in a university.. (The relative clause identifies which test. that.n:niey. Choose a word to define from the list.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Relative clauses A relative clause gives more information about a noun 1"1 the main clause of a sentence. doesn't she? 71 F""" In simple tenses (simple PfBSSfIt and past). using a relative clause. it is odd that she lives in a big hOuse) The elections taka place SVSf}' three )'OOIS.gh. when we snee. using words and phrases from 2. ~. . We can use tag questions to check something that we think we know. Then compare your sentences with a partner. a professor Switzerland a manager a biologist chemistry smallpox Vocabulary Summary 1 Diseases and problems acne """". If the verb in the main part of the sentence is negative. It usually begins with who.) Jack lived in this house. tests are restricted to traditional kinds of intelligence.e.. the tag question is negative. 4 Tom Cruise used to be married to Nicole Kidman. If we leave out the information in the relative Clause. strnss 2 Non-defining relative clauses as sentence modifiers We can use non-defining relative clauses with which to commeflt 00 the Idea in a 'NhoIe sentence: 3 Prevention and cure antibiotics mediCation diet sanitation exercise sloop hygiene vaccination She lives in 8 v&y big house.5 9t'V'en UJ e/4. There are two types of relative clauses: defining (Identifying) and non-defining. WOrlcs for the lOcal fflUflkipaIity. (She's the woman.'1 Mandy tOOk the intelligence tast that focused on spatial awareness. didn 't he? In other tenses we use the auxiliary that is used to form the tense: In defining relative clauses we often use the pronoun that instead of who or which.L~. where or when. Note that we do not use the pror1C)IJ'I that in non-defining relative clauses. can he? If the verb in the main part of the sentence is positive. wfuch is one of tAe k5l 1t. fqr lis taw scAoot. we can leave it out: I failed the math exam (that) I took last month. to ask about something we don't know. ~. The Harry Potter t:xx:Jks. i.

and little. d Then dlec!<: your ideas about meaning by looking for other examples to see if they fit. record this grammar in your notebooks so thai you will remember how it is used.e. -J ~ 3 What techniques do you use to learn new grammar? 4 What is "grammar"? b Share your ideas with the class. L. 4 There is little hope of finding any survivors now.U L. a Use the examples to try to figure out the differences between a few. h Go back to your lisl from time to lime. such as in order to + nfinitive: The 5 Review all new grammar regular1y or you 'Nil! forget government has increased wages in order to gain popularity before or hearing it again and again 'Nil! rep rneroory as well as . Ten minutes a day is enough.sk yourself d you know wilen to use the grammar.I". As you read. c Can you tI1ink of / find any other examples of these? (The text in Exercise 2b on page 102 might hep you.0. note down some grammar that interests you and use the steps in Exercise 3 to understand and record it. Vv'hile you are working on Unit 10.z Z C) 01: Written grammar 1 Thinking about grammar a In small groups. I already do this. You also need to understand and record the meaning(s} c '" for example. figure out the meaning first. subject + verb + OOject). of the grammar and give an example to illustrate the meaning. Seeing f " the election.. look at these examples and follow the steps below. b Look at the list of techniques again and mark each one with one of these keys: . X". few. You do not want to sound too formal in an informal situation. whether a verb is transitive or intransitive. a little. f • Finally. 2 Few people have high enough scores to be considered geniuses. and grammar correct? ~ ~ grammar? (Is it easy/diffJcultl\ogical7) 2 When you make notes on new grammar. ' notes in the margin. ACTION PIAN I> Your action plan: working with written grammar If you do not have a special notebook for grammar. create a special grammar section in your normal notebook. 2 Be systematic about hOw you record tle'N grammar b . increasing your depth of understanding of the fl8V>I item.. *** = I will try this. but regu~ times to go over new grammar again. Note: you wijU need to show a classmate the notes on the grammar that you have made in your notebook at the end of Unit 10. scores. 2 Working with grammar a Here are eight lips to help you learn new grammar thOroughly. 3 Putting the tips into use In pairs. cross it off your 1 St. what information do you include? o >o > o c. e g a 1 Think of grammar as a fun puzzle and a!\-vays try to a Set short. 1 What do you personally think about English D<J<] REVIEW Revtew your action plan: writing 8 short report In pairs. b Compare your ideas with other pairs. or the opposite! b 7 Keep a ~st of the grammatical mistakes you keep making in a special part of your notebook. 3 Remember it's not enough to know the form . You can also check 'Nitl1 a grammar book. I'm not interested in this. exchange and read the final written report about one of the most popular team sports in your country from Unit B. e For example: we can express purpose 'Nith connectors that are followed by an infinitive.) Do these examples confirm your ideas? d Now check your ideas with the Language note on page 103. I. 4 f:.U d . Brain and beauty Unit9 . word order (e. discuss these questions.. 3 A little wisdom can go a lOng way. b • Look for examples of it in differenl contexts. spelling. actively look for appropriate situations when you can use the language.g. 1 t know a few people who have really high 1. e Finally. are the punctuation. 1 Structure: are ideas in the report logically ordered? 2 Interest: do the ideas and range of language make this report interesting to read? 3 Accuracy: is the language correctly used? For example. g This couk:l be n a conversation or when you are writing something.. VV11erl you don't make that mistake any more. in Vllhich kind of situations. think about these areas. Match the tips with the examples of hOw to use the techniques. *= I m ight try this. A good w'iX'f to do this is by under1ining examples of it in texts and making by noting the form. Think in terms of both the form of the language and the meaning.

3 He woro a suit because he wanted to make a good impression at the interview. e is something I really hate! a 1IID 3W <lID sl!!l d There is a relative pronoun missing in all of these sentences. 2 The weather was terrible. 4 She took up karato so as to defend herself from attack. (so that) She took up karate so that she could defend herself from aUack .a Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first one. " which have 4 The Star Wars films . 'in c Match A and B to make complete sentences. which was 5 Tbey only bought one oftheir three children a bicycle. a e Complete these questions with appropriate words. A 1 H Eating (oat) loss is 2 The childron apologizod for 3 Gettinll u~ (gel up) early 4 She denim\ 5 He doesn't mind 2~ h being (be) late. ironing (iron) but I hate ill c not always the best way to lose weight. which is 2 They don 't know each other. "fw She's the teacher " taught me French.he had finished college. Then write the correct fonn of the verbs in parentheses. aren't they ? 3 It's been raining all day. (however) Cosmetic surgery is very ewensive. a lot of women have it b Expand these notes to make complete sentences. (ill order to) He wore a suit in order to make a good Impression at the interview . 1 You don't have a car. that had 1 We saw an interesting film last night lwl. However. You will need to add a question word to each one. (in spite 00 She failed the test in spite of answering all the questiON . (even though) The runners all managed to finish the marathon even thouKh the weather Was terrible . music but no dialogue. she failed the test. have great special effects. hasn't it ? 4 She couldn't speak Japanese a year ago. there are lots of job opportunities. 4 this country' need ' greater ' economic stability What this country needs is greater economic stability. However. do you? 2 Picasso and Dali are both Spanish painters. ~ unfair. could she ? 5 Excuse me. 1 Although she answered all the questions. is there? . Where he wants to live. Use the words in parentheses. thatlwhich 3 I hate books have long chapters. 3 I always feel homesick' think ' friends ' my hometown I always feel homesick when(ever) I think of my friends and my hometown. d stealing (steal) clothes from the store. There isn'l a bank around here. 2 The interviewer asked I she I wanted I do I after I finish I college The interviewer asked what she wanted to do after finl. 5 A lot of women hove cosmetic surgery even though it is very expensive. and add commas where necessary.shlng ' . strange as they work in the same building. 5 he I want ' live' there ore' Jots I job opportunities He wants to live when there are lots of job opportunities. Write the pronoun in the correct place. the runners all managed to fini sh the marathon. 1 I can'l imagine I he I lives on I salary I can't imagine how he lives on hislthat salary. ~ been a huge success. they had missed thoir bus.

Ho's a weiehtlifter . 5 Mary is reall y n very nice person but she has such Ihm lips that her smilos look fal se. He's a great hjgh jumper .---. .f Complete the sentences with five ohhe facial features from the box.. . . 3 Ho can run short dis tances ve1J' quickly. . 2 anJd. waist h Label the pictu re on the right using ten of the words from the box.dmuession . Kids at school used to call me "Neanderthal Boy".my eyes start to water and they Itch badly. 4 I never like to sec a prominent chin on a pohtlClan . obesity . Sho's an Olympic d iver 5 He can lift 150 kilos. 4 It happens in the spring . allergic fatigued d iabetic can cerous obese strossfu l bald anemic depressed 1 I just can't feel positive about anything -l ife seems so black to me . patients are told to lead a less 1 2 sanitation stressfu l (Stress) lite It they can possibly do so. as well as treating the symptoms. 2 Sho can jump a long dis tance. 3 You need to gel more sleep. abdomen ankle armpit bottom calf elbow fingers fist foot hand hoad heel hip knee Deck shin shoulder thigh toes waist wrist What are theso patients suffering from? Use the noun form oftive of the words from the box. 1 He can ju mp vory high. He's a great sprinter 4 She can jump in to the water hood first from a great height. in some countries (sanitary) is very poor and can result in a number of 3 ~nfect) that spread in dirty water poilu lion (pollute). stress wrist Complete the text with the correct form of the words in parentheses. darling.:. 2 I don't like my low foreh ead . Use the context to hell> you. chi n forehead eyelids eyebrows nose lips cars eyes mouth 1 His eyebrows arc very arched . for example.'=~~) 3 hin knee g Complete these sentences with a noun that describes an athlete and that is related to the words in italic. 2 I look so pale and I just don't have any energy. They make him look surprised all the lime. Doctors prescribe different kinds of 5 to counter illnesses. In other parts of the world there are other reasons for illness. foot o-{:. the mare resistant the bacteria become. the most common of which are antibiotics. so we really have to fight the causes of illness. But the more antibiotics we use. A HEALTHY LIFE Modem lite brings with It a wide range of illnesses and diseases. Your eyelids look very heavy and yo ur eyes are bloodshot. Nowadays. the impression that they're very stubborn. .. and a variety of cures and remedies. a llergy 5 I fee l nervous and tonse nil the ti me.. It gives . but also from factOfies. but I'm 40 pounds overwOIght. especially at work. fatigue . Sho's a champion long jumper . often (medicaij med icine and food.::. as this is one of the main reasons !of sickness infUI:tions in the western world. 3 I guess it's partl y poor diet and no exercise. Cities in many countries cause problems because they have serious levels of 4 arising from the number of cars. .

Unitl0 The world around
lesson 1
1 Speaking skill s

2 Reading skills
a T he following sentences come from the article below Read them and predict what the article is about. .

,I W,lin! d~ you know about waler? Take the wat erw ise qUI z and find ou\.

1 The city is lndore, in India, where [ grow up. 2 A project to draw water from the Narmada Ri ver lay unfinished for years.
3 T he city doesn't s leep easy. 4 Moreover. the water shortage is not shared equally. 5 M~ Il~oth er reminds every household member whe w IiI listen to use less water. ..........

b Read the article aud check your predictions. The sentences from 2a are missing from the start of paragra p~s A.-E. Write the numbers of each sentence "-" at the begmnmg of the appropriate paragraph.

Precious Fluid ~;
A~ It sleeps with one ear tumed to the fully opened faucets with buckets dangling from them. At the first sounds of the water's arrival through the pipes in the pre-dawn dark, bodies spring from beds to fiU buckets and pots. In the slums, people have been awake since before the first droPS arrived. Uning up, half-asleep with their pots by the communal tap, waiting. Sometimes the water runs for an hOur, sometimes just a few minutes. Sometimes the water company skips a day or two, sometimes more. B~ Several trips are made through the day to inspect the level of the tanks _ one on the roof of our house, one on the ground. The city'S poor people, with hardly any storage at their disposal, are forced to buy exorbitantly priced water brought in by tanker. Rghts erupt. There have even been murders.

e lIl

It has 1.5 million inhabitants and there has been a water problem here as far back as I can remember. Today it is estimated that the water supply to the city is half of the amount required . A rise in population and a steady decline in rainfall are usually blamed. But there are other culprits, too.


Meanwhile, Indore's streams, an histOrical source of water, were neglected and tumed into drains. The govemment's '-promise of "a faucet in every home" tums people into passive consumers of state-provided water, weakening the traditional role of communities in maintaining local water supply. The street where the rich live has lush gardens, even during the dusty Indian summer. An industrialist's mansion down thl road from my parents' house has an indoor swimming pool. ........ And then there are whole localities with either very little water or no water at all.


~ b Now listen and check your answers. c In grou ps, compare your scores. Who is the most "water-wise"? Which is the most important fact you discovered fro m the questionnaire?

.,. GLOSSARY (see opposite page)


The world around us

Grammar quantifiers

Topic: water
Reading a magazine article, a quiz Ustening a conversation

laking and discussing a quiz

Write wateron the boord. Put students in pairs and ask them to write as many uses for water as they can in one minute. Find oul which pair thought of the most uses. Possible list:

Introduce the topic

you con drink it; you can swim or dNe in it; you can water plonts with it: you can wash in it; you can hove a shower or bath in il; you can wash dishes with it; you can wash clothes/cors/windows with il; you con make fountains, pools, and ornamental ponds; you con go sailing/woterskling/windsurfing/speedbooling on il; you con put flowers in il; you can freeze it and make ice for your drinks; you con boil it and make tea; steam engines

There are many numbers in this unit, Here is how to pronounce a few. 60% = sixty per cent 1.5 liters", one point five liters 0.01% '" zero point zero one per cent (in British English, nought paint nought one per centl 2025 '" twenty twenty~five 400.000", four hundred thousand

Note on numbers

1 Speaking skills
Ask students 10 lake the quiz in Exercise la . Limil lhe lime 10 five minutes. Play the audio for Exercise l b. Ask students to Iislen and check their answers. Then let groups of students discuss the quiz. Afterwards, find out ITom the class what surprised or worried them.


2 Reading skills
Pul students in pairs 10 predict ITom the sentences in Exercise 2a . Ask students to read the article quickly, and find out whether any of their predictions are mentioned. Draw attention to the Glossary. Briefly, elicit answers ITom the class.

T .• ~


Put students in pairs to match sentences to paragraphs in Exercise 2b .

A lers check the answers now. B Okay. You read out the questions, and I'll give you the answer from the bock 01 the magazine. A Right. Question 1. How long can the overage person survive without water? We said b. three weeks. B We were wrong. II"s a - only three days. A Is Ihat all? Wow! Okay, question 2. What can happen if you don't drink water regularly? We said a - you develop kidney problems. B And a it is! That's correct. Question 3? A How much water should you drink every day? We said b. about half a liter. B Actually, it's a. at least one and a half liters. That's a 101, isn't it? A Yes, it must be about seven or eight glosses. I don't drink that much water. B Neither do I, but maybe we should. Okay, question 4. A Right. How much of our body is water? We said c, 60 per cent. B Thars right, c, irs about 60% water. A Good. Now, 5, approximately how much wa ter do we have in our body? We said c, 50 liters. B And we were right. C - our bodies contain obout 50 liters of water. A Well, that was okay. Question 6 was how much of the earth's surface is covered by water? We said c, 70%.

B Yeah, right again, irs over two-thirds water, so about 70%. We're doing okay. So, question 7? A 7. How much 01 the earth's water is drinkable? We said c, 10%. B ah, not so good here. The answer is b. In fact, irs less than one per cent. A Gosh, I didn't know thaI. Okay. Question 8, how much water does an overage African use every day? We said 0, five liters. B Yeah, that's right, a, five liters. A Good, and question 9, how much water does an overage American use every day? We said it would be more, so about 50 liters, b. B Well, we were wrong again. The overage American uses about 500 liters of water every day! Thors c. A Thars amazing - and frightening. How do we use that much? B I suppose in boths and using hosepipes, and washing cars - all that kind of stuff. A Yeah, , expect you're right Last question - by 2025, how many people on the planet will face a water shortage? We said 0, one third. B Well, the horrifying truth is that irs c, about Mo-thirds. Isn't that awful? A Yes. So how did we do? B Uh, we got five right and fIVe wrong, so it wasn't too bod, bull think we should really know more about things like this ..

The world around us

T l02

Unit 10

Ask students to research the article and list points under the headings in Exercise 2c. Afterwards, build up a class list of points on the board. Possible answers: The poor: lhey get up early to line up at the communal tap; they have to buy overpriced water because they can't collect water; they fight over water, and people are murdered. The rich: not affected; lush gardens and indoor swi mming pools The author's fami ly: mother reminds people to use less water; she inspects the fam ily water tanks regularly.

End this part of the lesson by having a brief class discussion about the questions in Exercise 2d.

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
Do the first as an example to get students started on Exercise 3a. Point out every household member in sentence 5 of exercise 2a, and tell students to underline it. Then tell students to find and underline other sentences with quantifiers in the text. Let students check ill pairs. Then ask them to discuss Ule questions in Exercise 3a in pairs.
Quick grammar
The problem with quantifiers is which words they go with - countable or uncountable nouns? Singular or plural nouns? And, since Ihis is often different from students' firsl languages, il can lead to many errors.

guide: quantifiers

Common problems and errors
Some nouns may be countable in students' languages and uncountable in English or ",ice verso;


All the furnitures 6fC comfortable. There .¥;R "

nice clothes here.

He gave me a lot of informaliofl5. Much, many, and a lot of I lots of cause confusion: He has fRI:JER money. Little and few may be interchangeable in the students' first longuoges. I have lew money,

Answers: Every household member Somelimes just a few minutes Several trips are made ... With hardly any storage , .. .. . half the flmOWlt required ... very litUe water or no water at all.

followed by countable, singular nOWI followed by a countable, plural noun - a small quantity followed by a countable, plural noun -a mediwn quantity followed by an uncountable noun · - a very small quantity followed by an uncountable noun'" followed by an uncountable noun - a small quantity followed by an uncountable noun *

*Note that. although followed by all w lcountable here, Ulese can also be followed by counlables, (hardly any people; half the students, etc.) Ask students to complete the table in Exercise 3b, then check wi th a partner. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exercise 3c. Let students check with a partner before discussing as a class, Go through the example in Exercise 3d as a class, then give students a minute or two to read the facts and think of how they can express the facts using quantifiers. Remind them about the Language Nole. and clarify any confusion related to using/ow I a few and little I a little. Put students in pairs to discuss. Monitor and listen for accurate use of quantifiers. Afterwards, elicit from each pair their "best" sentence.

Unit 10

T 103 The world around us

c Read the article again and make notes on how the water problem affects these people. the poor the rich the aUlhor's family d Are water shortages andlor water pollution a problem in your country or region? What are the problems? Can you suggest some solutions?

3 Grammar review: quantifiers
a Find the quantifiers below in the article and the sentences in Exercise 2a. Underline the sentence each quantifier is in. Then answer the questions. every a few several hardly any half very litt le no

c Complete the sentences with an appropriate quantifier. 1 "Some more wine?" "No thanks. I still have some/a HIlle left." 2 It is the responsibility of even person to take care of the environment. 3 "Would you like to try the left or right shoe?" " I'd like to try .hW.h.. of them, please." 4 There are a (ew!some/seyeraJ coins left in the car. We'd better got them for the parking meter. S We get a lot of/a good deal of rain here in the summer, so the grass is very green.
d In pairs, d iscuss these facts about water. using an

Are the quantifiers followed by countable or uncountable nouns? 2 If the quantifier [s fo llowed by a countable noun, is it singu lar or plural? 3 Which quantifiors refer to a large quantity and which 10 a small quantity? correct group below.

appropriate quantifier. We Jose 0 Jot of our water because of old pipes. / We waste a great deal o[ water.

b Write the <!Uanlifiers from Exercise 3a in the

Amazing facts!
We lose 70% of our water because of old pipes.

Quantifier type Inclusive Large or medium quantities Small qua ntities Precise quantities Negative qua ntities

Examples both, either, each, ~, all many, a lot of. a groat/good deal of. seyeral some, few, ~, hardly aoy, yecr little a quarter, two-thi rds, ..llillL neither. ......lliL....., none

The average citizen in Britain uses 200 liters of water a day.

LANGUAGE NOTE Nota tha differonce betwoen Q [ew/o little and felli/little: We get a littlo rain every day. / The ground is dry because lIIe get little rain in the summer. There are a few French speakers here. / There are few speakers left of some languages. a felll/fl little", some: [elll/little = not enough

An average citizen in Mozambique uses 9 hters of water a day.

400,000 litres of water is used In the production of a car.

GLOSSARY (Procious Fluid) dangling hanging, swinging slum poor area of a town with very bad housing exorbitant overpriced, costing much more than is usual culprit person or thing responsible for something badlillegal drain passage through which water or sewage nows away lush very green nnd healthy

Over two-thirds of the earth's surface is water.

Only 0.D1 % of the earth's water is drinkable.

The world around us

Unit 10


1 Listening skills
a Look at the picture. What do you tllink the object is? Why is tho man !ooking al it? b Choose a caption for the picture from the olles on the right. @ C Listen to Pari 1 orlhe radio program to check your answer. ~ d In pairs, guess the answers to these questions. Then listen to Part 2 and check your guesses. 1 How many pieces of man-made jWlk are there in outer space? 70,00010150 ,00 2 What kind of man-made jun k is there? mostly sateUiles and rockets, but also wrenches, gloves, cans and bags, scraps of paper, plastic 3 Who dumped it in outer space? astronauts 4 What might happen if this junk falls back onto the earth? it might disintegrate when it enters the earth 's atmosphere 5 What's the largest thing that has ever fallen back onto the earth? a space station 6 Wh o does the garbage belong to? USA, Russia, Britain, Germany
e What do you think can be done to solve the problem of "space junk"?

<DGreat Balls of Fire ®
_ one of the tWO

"T'his South

®A South
African farmer keeps his '--" distance from the bomb in case it explodes.

metal obiects
that fe\\ from the skY and landed ,

white hot , on a farm near

an UnUSual Orm of the €'<lme in Which
the ball is mad



PaYer is tr .

AFricans I OCcer


of melal.


3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases
a We use of to combine the conta iners and their contents. e.g. a lube o/toothpaste.
1 Which word in the phrases below has the main stress? the container word . 2 Which word is weak. with the vowel reduced to I~I? of a can of baked beans a carton of milk a jar of honey a bailie of beer a box of chocolate a bag of chips


b Listen and check your answers. Then repeal.

2 Vocabu lary: containers
a in the radio p rog ram. Major Lewis mentioned cans and bags among the space junk. What might have been in them?
b What usually comes in these containers? Put lhe things in the box in the correct columns.

c In pairs, check your an swers to Exercise 2b. Say the phrases with the correct stress. A inslan/ coffee B a jar of ins/ant coffee

4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers
a What is the differe nce between a lube of toothpaste and a toothpaste tube? Label LANGUAGE NOTE the pictures with the two phrases. We do not use the plural farm in these b Listen to the phrases phrases: and re peat them. Where is the main stress in a call of ooked beans these phrases? but (looked bean can.......,.. The main stress is on the first word .

instant coffee paint jam orange juice matches wine ice cream cookies cereal mineral water soda ointment olives tools lemonade potatoes yogurt

C ."
paint soda

honey instant calfee jam




toothpaste bakod beans ointment

chocolate beer cereal matches wine IDOls




orange juice icecream

orange cerfllli juice wine potatoes

lemonade ointment yogurt olives

minerai cookies water soda lemonade

tube oftoothpaste

= =


too thpas te lube


The world around us

first put students in pairs to predict answers. cans. irs not the first time man-made junk has fallen on to earth from outer space.. and ask students to repeat chorally. Space watchers say that..• ill I The audioscript for Track 45 is on page nos ::. we investigate a new kind of garbage called 'space junk: We begin with the mysterious appearance of two metal balls that formers in South A frica say fell from the sky near Cope Town. and it seems it wan·1 be the last. a baked bean can a honey jor a milk carton a chocolate box a beer bottle Ho" W"com. but J think there must be millions... Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise le. pausing after each phrase. Afterwards.. @ 4 Vocabulary: collocations with containers Ask the question in Exercise 4a to the class.a large metal hal! that fell from space. Let students check answers in pairs hefore disc ussing them as a class. CJ @ ~ For Exercise 1d.. Ask students to listen to find out if their predictions were correct. whereas toothpaste tube is describing the object. Ask students to listen and check. regardless of whether the tube has anything in it or not. . Ask students to listen and repeat.~ 47"---------. program. bottles. The best caption: 1. 2 Vocabulary: containers Encourage specu lation about the question in Exercise 2a. I 46i'-. Then p lay the audio. jars. ask stu dents in pairs to look hack at exercise 2b and practice pronouncing the answers with the correct stress. Here in the studio 10 throw light on the problem is Major Richard lewis. o can of baked beans a jar of haney a carton of milk a box of chocolate a bottle 01 beer a bog of chips The world around us T 104 Unit 10 . Model the activity briefly to preview and encourage the use of modals: I'm not sure. Using realia 3 Pronunciation: stress in phrases Ask students to work in pairs to predict answers to the question s in Exercise 3a. Now.Objectives Topic: iunk and disposing of waste Vocabulary containers Grammar modal verbs: active and passive Pronunciation stress in phrases Ustening a radio interview Speaking discussing waste Write on the board: Introduce the topic a garbage can a recycling center a wastepaper basket a second-hand clothing shore a yard sale a landfill site Ask What sort of things do we put in or give to Ihese places or things? Why? Do you pay attention to whether you get rid of your garbage or junk? 00 you recycle things? 1 Listening skills Ask students to work in pairs or groups oflmee or fo ur to discuss the picture in Exercise l a and match the caption from Exercise lb. T . in fact. Point oul both the illustration and the Language Note. For Exercise 3c. You can use them to elicit the vocabulory.n" In Adlon " lodoy. 10 Sd. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. ond bogs... something falls from the sky ~ery day. then ask students to complete the table in Exercise 2b. and point out that tube of toothpaste means Ihere is toothpaste in it. Ask one or two individuals 10 repeat individually. Answer: Th e object is space junk . Play the recording again . Make sure students are pronouncing of with a weak stress. Ask students to listen and check their predictions. t . You can also use them in the pronunciation activity that follows to proctice stress in phrases. compile a list of possible explanations on the board from the class's answers. 100. It is 0 good ideo to bring in 0 shopping bag of different tubes. Play the audio for Exercise 3b. Answers will vary. Play the audio for Exercise Ie.

we're tracking around 8. gloves. cons and bags. Somebody should destroy them . Answers: a Ought is followed by to.. Let students check their answers in pairs when they have finished . Oughllo is also a problem . can I begin by asking you just how much space junk is flying around up there in outer space? Lewis Well. that was a very hal metal sphere.. like /I is necessary Ihal . Presenter I see. Unit lO Tl05 Theworldaround us . Presenter Major L ewis. Make sure students say either should + verb or ought to + verb. a lot of it has been left behind by astronauts over the years during the various space missions. uh .it s just that our radar can't pick out anylhing smaller than these.is it dangerous? Lewis Most of it isn't . Altogether. but mostly we're talking about parts of satellites and rockets. Presenter Well..a lot of it diSintegrates when it enters Ihe earth's atmosphere but some of this Irash is going to foil bock 10 earth.000 to 150. 5 Grammar: modal verbs + active and passive Put students in pairs to work through Exercises 5a to 5d .both beca use it is followed by 10 and because it is difficult to pronounce. Give them three or four minutes.000 pieces of garbage out there. ask them to outline the main problems and their recommendations for reducing and disposing of waste. that wrench goes out into space and becomes a piece of spoce junk. Quick grammar guide: models The major problem here is Ihot many students ovoid modols in general and passive modals in particular. After students have discussed the questions. At the end.. Somebody ought to make the countries take more care . well.. that's all fascinating. countries with satellites and space stations ought to be made to take more care of their things in space.500.Put students in pairs or small groups to discuss Exercises 4c and 4d . Do the first sentence in Exercise 5e as an example.. and ask them to discuss the questions. vote on which group had the best ideas. 35 kilos and it landed with a loud boom in a vineyard only 50 meters or so from where some farme rs were working. They tend to use expressions from their native languages. Ask one student from each group to present their ideas to the class. 6 Speaking skiUs Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 6a. then have a brief discussion with the class. elicit answers from the class and clarify any confusion. we think there are about 70. Presenter One last question: who does this gorboge belong to? Lewis Actuolly. they should be destroyed when they start to fall to ovoid any damage. Presenter A whole space stolion! Was anybody hurt? Lewis No. Presenter And how big are these . But this kind of thing happens every day.. Then ask students to add to the list any ideas they can think of.000 pieces of man-made junk that are floating around the earth.. Encourage students to practice all the vocabulary introduced in this section.000 . Put students back in the same groups as for exercise 6a. We tend to use the passive to be impersonal and objective. Allow about ten minutes. and Russia is second with 2.. And what kind of things are we talking abaut? Lewis All kinds of things ~ wrenches. Check any problem vocabulary. pieces of junk? Do we know? Lewis Yes.000 items.. b Somebody must track all the junk . In fact there are probably a lot more than 8. weighing about .in other words. Presenter Uh. Presenter And is anyone going to do anylhing about the problem? Lewis We can hope! All the junk must be tracked carefully so that we know if there are any large objects up there ~ and. Britain and Germany have only one piece of trash each that we're aware of. thonk you for joining us today. Major Lewis. at the Space Center at present. uh . c 2 is more objective because it does not "blame" anyone by saying who should be building landfill sites. let's sayan astronaut drops a wrench while he's working at the space lab.. as happened in 1979 when a whole space station crashed inlo Australia. At the end. we don't know andlor we are not interested in who does the action of the verb. huh. Presenter And whot's going to happen to all this stuff . And where did all this junk come ' from? Lewis Well. scraps of paper and plastic. they're between one centimeter and 10 em in size.. There were in fact two balls. Monitor carefully and be ready for questions.. if possible. And of course. the United Stotes owns the mosl oboul 3. Give students a couple of minutes to read through the table in Exercise 6b. The subject is somebody. 45'-----------------------------------------------------------~ For Exercise ld on page 104 II. thankfully no one was in jured Presenter And what about this mysterious melal ball in South Africo? Lewis Well.

and ecological. Present your ideas to the class. you shouldlought to put (put ) all vegetable and fruit waste on a compost heap. Use the ideas in the table and your own ideas. B res. Materia ls: plastic. ond nlso the schools should . 2 . discuss how waste is handled in your cou ntry or com munity. which do you keep. In groups.. littering inefficient garuage collection too many nOll· biodegradable containers not enough garbage cam pollution of air and water from landfi lls lack of recycling centers c Make recommendations for your country or community.. aren 'tthey? d Household packaging is a real "junk " problem . a small paymont punishing people who litter or leave their garbage in inappropriate places Ways of disposing of waste burying in landfill sites burning in incinerators sending into space putting in deep oceans melting and reusing for new products.g. Say what you think the major problems are and make recommendations for improvement... 2 We shouldn't/ouK nol 10 Use (usc) so hl many plaslic shopping bags when we go to the supermarket.. A lot of people litter because there aren't fI nol/gh garbage cans in tilt) streets. 3 . in what ways? 3 How is waste disposed of! Arc there any problems associated wi th this? Problems Ways of reducing waste taxing households that produce excessive waste providing recycling facilities for more items. Le. Underline the modal verbs. 1 Households that produce a lot of garbage s hould/oughlto be taxed (tax) more.. discuss the fo llowing questions. countries .. (I Stiffer fines s hould/ouCht to be introduced [introduce) for people who litter in the street.c What arc the containers in tho taule in Exercise 2b usually made of? Discuss in pairs. Say what the current forms of waste disposal are and suggest some alternative forms which you feel would be practical. A Littering is a big problem. paper. 1 What are the problems related to waste? 2 Do people try to reduco wasle? If so. Which one is more objective? Why? 1 The govern men t ought to build more landfill sites. Decide as a class which were the best ideas. 3 Newspapers and magazines should/ought to be recycled (recycle)..g. Jllore garbage cans would help. Who is the subject in each one? c Look at theso two suggestions. something else Toothpas te tubes aro made of metal.. economical. We think the city government alight to provide more garbage cons. plastic 5 Grammar: modal verbs + acti ve an d passive a Look at these passive sentences from the listening. When you have finished with the containers. S If you have a garden. metal. b Rewrite the sentences with active verbs. The world oround us UnillO . e. 2 What do you think happened to your garbage? 3 How does your country or community deal with garbage? b In your groups. 4 People should/ouXht 10 be encouraged {encourage} to take bottles to a recycle center. 2 More landfill si tes ought to be built. cans providing an incentive for recycling.. Answer the questions helow. What is different about ough(! 1 All the junk must be tracked carefully . which onos do you throwaway.. e. Decide whether to use an active or passive form. ought to be made to take marc care of thei r things in space. and which do you recycle? 6 Speaking skills a General waste is becoming a huge problem today. they should be destroyed when they start to fa ll . e Complete these suggestions with should or ought to. 1 What kind of things have you thrown away in the past week? Think abou t all your waste.. d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on pago 110. glass.

~ b Listen carefully and fill in the rest oflhe blanks. As Y know. T hen listen and check. contaminated crops flooding genes food chai n GM feed imp lanting pesticides resistant 2 Li stening skills @ a Read these sections from a debate on CM food. in large quantities genome the complete set of genes in a living thing I resistant to insects. The world's population is now six billion and will grow to eight billion by 2020 and perhaps eleven billion by 2100. * bear abundant fruit with little supervision and carei * are enriched with vitamins and minerals. . 1 Describe the arguments to your partner. Fo' Against GM food: the arguments for GM food has enormous potential for helping nations suffering from famine and for feeding the exploding world population. such as areas thaI used to lose cro ps through I flooelinG I or extreme heat. 2 It is only in this way that we will be able to I feed I the world 's exploding population. which cause blindness and anemia. GM crops will be GLOSSARY biotechnology science based on cells and bacteria flourish grow weil and be healthy a rid very dry with few plants a bundant plenty of. Since four billion people (about 60% oftbe world's population) depend on rice. the first time in history that this had been done fo r a major food crop. Fill the boxes with the words in Exercise 1. Ie is difficult to argue against GM crops when the welfare of billions of people is involved. scientis ts can now p rod uce GM I cro ps I that can grow in harsh environments . important arguments in your text. jill I b Choose the Iwo strongest arguments fo r or against CM food from your text. 3 Write your partner's arguments in the other column of the table. we arc Oll now able to change the I genes I in plants. Student B: Read the text on page 151 and comple te the table with arguments agains t CM food. * require little water and fertilizer. 1 The issue of [I====G M ~L====I foods is a controversial one . Second . This will help people who suffer from low levels of vitamin A and iron. 3 Reading skills a In pairs. read two arguments. 1 Vocabulary: GM food What do you know aoout genetically modified food? What are the argu ments for and against il? Use th ese words and expressions in your answers. The pressure to feed people is rapidly intensifying. for and against CM food . A tremendous milestone in this direction was achieved when the genome of rice was finally identified. this will have eno rmous consequences. 5 AnQther serious obh:<:lion is that growing GM crops in close proxi mity 10 other crops means 2 Explain why you think the y are the most that those crops wi ll be I contaminated I. It is now possible to create "super rice" with increased fertility and resislance to disease a nd insects. Student A: Read the text below and complete the table with argume nts for CM food. UnlllO The world around us . Scientists have recentl y produced GM rice with increased vitamin A and iron content. 3 Fi nally. and this has caused a lot of debate . a gene from Brazil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes ._. Biotechnology is now being used to create crops that: * flourish in harsh environments such as arid land and salty soil. proved that I that 4 It has al read y been im plantin~ I a gene can introduce sOl1s of problems into the I food chain : for example. so the s tro ng I pesticides have been used un ti l now will become a thing of the past. There are three words in each blank.

When Ihey have finished. Then play the recording again.. walk around the class. The main reason for .. one A and one B. in exercises 3b and 5. In the activity and loler in the lesson. Tell them to write For (if thoy aro A). is . ask students to fill in the rest of the blanks first. Then ask students 10 stand up and find a portner from the other group who has read a different text. they then sit down and do exercise 3b together. using a table they have coped from Exercise 3a into their notebooks. in which students read different passages and try to put together their understanding of the text to make it whole. Do the first as an example. ask them to describe and explain their argu mellts in pairs. then elicit comments from the class.. . discuss the vocabulary in the box in Exercise la . is . Make sure that thoy exchange and write down each other's information.. You may need 10 play and pause the recording to give students time to write answers. Aa students do Exercise 3b. Tell UlOm they havo nvo minutes to read their text and outline arguments. @ @ •• 3 Readin g skills This is a jigsaw reading. Let students check their answers with a partner when they have finished. The mosl convincing orgument against . in poirs. The oudioscripl for Track 48 is on IXlge n07 ~ The world around us T 106 Unit 10 . is . or Against (if they are B) al the top of a page in their notebook. Ask What does GM stand for? Whol sort of food is genetically modified these days? Hove you ever eoten GM food? Whars the law on GM food in this country? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: GM food As 8 closs. Groups A and B. The main problem with / drawback of / concern with . Put students in groups of fou r to discliss their ideas. Tell students not to worry about the other blanks at this stage. Then give studen ts a minute to prepare what thoy want to say about GM food.. Play the audio and ask students to listen and check. students can check their answers with others from the some group. Divide the closs into fWo equal halves. In Exercise 2b.. .Objectives Grammar reported speech Topic: GM food Vocabulary GM food Reading Writing Ustening a debate Speaking discussing GM food a magazine orticle a discursive essay Write GM food on the board. When students have finished. the longuage of presenting an argument for and against is used. is lhal . 2 Listening skills Ask students to fill in the boxes in Exercise 2a wilh words from exercise t .. Put students in pairs.. monjtor. This is a good wov of mixing students and crealing more interadion. and holp with problems. You may wish 1 write the longuoge below on the board to help students do Ihis and 0 loler activities: Useful language The moin argument in favor of . Group Bread the text on poge 151. Group A read the text on poge 106.

Model the activity by matching tho fi rst reported statement to the direct speech in ~xercisc 2n (section 11 as a class. Mon The Issue 01 genetically modified loods is a controversial one. which should please everyone. we are now able 10 change the genes in plants. At the end. divide students into groups of four or five to completo a fo rlagainst table. but my agreement stops there. e. GM crops will be resistant to insects. from are to were. Anolher serious obieCtion is thai growing GM crops in close proximity to olher crops means lhatthose crops will be contaminated. UnillO T 107 TheWOl"ldaroundus . II has already been proved that implanting a gene con introduce all sorts 01 problems into the food chain: lor example. As you know. II is only in this woy that we will be able to leed the world's exploding population. lor these reasons. Monitor and help with questions and confusions. My main objection is thot we really don't know what genetic modification does 10 a plant and. Make sure that everybody fi lls in the columns. by forcing GM crops on poorer notions. etc. and this has caLlsed a lot 01 debate. so Ihe strong pesticides that have been used until now will become a thing of the pas!. as they will need these notes to write thei r essay. such as areas that used to lose crops through flooding or extreme heal. ore changes to were. Ask the groups to decide what their viewpoint is. e.we can already do thot if we slop using all our land to raise CQ'NS and pigs for food. In 2. In some cases. go through the answers as a class. I disogree completely with GM crops. My opinion is that GM crops will be with us lorever. First. will be to would be. GM allows us to produce bask loodstuffs beller and more cheaply. Answe rs: Changes: Verbs go one tense back. we changes to they. whal it might do to animals and human beings. we are pulling them into a position where they wilt no longer be able to grow non-GM food. the pronoun changes. And in answer to the argument about feeding the world . Ask students to follow the inslmctions in Exercise sd to write thei r ind ividual essays. this may prove 10101. 0 gene from BraZil nuts has been implanted into tomatoes. and people with nut allergies are experiencing allergic readioos to these tomatoes.g.g. This could be sot for homework. in 1. has caused changes to !Jad caused. The teacher &9t" !fie Ihe onswers. Finally. in 1. ask students to read through the reported statements. ~~--------------~ For Exercise 2 00 Poge 106 iii. Put students in pai rs to work on Exercises 4a through 4e.4 Grammar rev iew and extension: reported speech [n Exercise 4a. Common problems and errors Forgetting to change tense. He said thaI he it. for or against GM food. Peaple In these areas will now have enough to eat. fired. scientists can now produce GM crops thai can grow in harsh environments. Common mistakes include wroog placement of to and incorred use of on objed pronoun after soy. therelore. for very good reasons. Woman I agree with the first speaker that the issue 01 GM crops is controversial. will become changes to would becom e. Second. Sometimes. F urthermore. There is often confusion between the verbs soyond felf. 5 Writing skills In Exercise 5a. He lells ~ me to be quiet. Quick grammar guide The main thing tho! students need to grasp when reporling speech is the ·one tense back'" tense chonge.

compare the direct speech sentences in Exercise 2a with the reported speech above... Theworld around us Uni!10 . e..Simple present "- eM food bas enormous potential. Your essay should have four paragraphs and be between 200 and 250 words long. claim . He said . ' . .Present perfect Direct: Reported: Past perfect '-Direct: . Reported: He said GM food had enormous potenlial. predict. 5 Writing skills a In groups . In pairs. "- They bad already started the trials.. say. think of as many reasons as you can for and against eM food.. He said tbey .g. report other things that the author said. e Look at the text you read in Exercise 3a. Reported: He said they . He said we . will.. Direct: "- Present progressive Direct: We IlJ'(l not saying that all eM crops are dangerous.. Reported: He said they were . and that had caused a lot of debate.. The developed world can help tho third world. Modals: can. Paragraph 1: introduce the topic Paragraph 2: list the arguments for GM food Paragraph 3: list the arguments against GM food Last paragraph: summarize your viewpoint and conclude the essay. Write them in the for/aga inst table in Exercise 3a. c Go through the arguments for and against GM food in this lesson and sum up your position.. '.. section 4 4 She argued that growing GM crops in close proximity to other crops meant that those crops would be contaminated. and list tho changes you find. Scientists have rocently produced GM super rice. tell. section 3 3 The woman explained that implanting a gene could introduce all sorts of problems into the food chain. d Write a discursive essay with the title Is GM food a positive or negative development? Follow the notes below and use you r notes for this lesson.Simple past Direct Reported: ' . argue.4 Grammar review and extension: reported speech a Look at these reported statements from the debate in Exercise 2.. should Direct: Reported: Direct: '-- Reported: Direct: Reported: d Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 110. We should all be aware of the problems. 1 The man claimed that they were able to change the genes in plants. Find the direct speech in Exercise 2a. He said scientists . They exported food from Ethiopia. c Usc your answers to Exerciso 4b and your knowledge of reported speech to complete this table.. explain. Use different reporting verbs. b How do these arguments fo r and against relate to your country? Agree on the greatest threats and opportunities that GM food represents for your country. section 1 2 He predicted that the strong pesticides that had boon used unlit now would bocome a thing of the past. He said . The world's population will grow to eight billion by 2020.. section 5 b In pairs. Also use the plan for writing on page 47. Use the information in this lesson and your own ideas.. .

etc. - \. Globally.7 l degrees in the last 150 years. Th e teacher will di vide the class into two groups. If globa l warm ing is really h appening.- 'r--' I Wha t is globa l warming? The earth's temperature has risen by 0. Scientists estimate their predictions for the future ~ knowledge of historical climate Change and comp uter models of the climate system . Answer your partner's questions. The latest predictions for the 21st century are for an increase of 2.g. air temperature increased by one degree Fahrenheit in the 20th century but some regions.. only desert. Grou p B: Read quickl y through the text at the bottom of the opposite page. Of these. such as carbon dioxide. c Work in pairs of A and B students... which causes the temperature of the earth to rise.5-1 0... r l It---- . In others . 1 global warming b 2 CO2 (carbon di oxide) c 3 Prepare a You are going to look for the answers to some of the questio ns in a short text. have seen a four degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. or the earth e the air around the earth f temporary conditions in the air.. hot or cold .. Scientists believe the m ain reaso n for Ihis is that we are putting too much 2 ~ into the 3 atmosphere .. have been the main causes of climate change in recent years. change in land use. it mean s the sea level will rise Ilnd in some cou ntries thi s w ill cause catastrophic flo od ing. The greenhouse effect is caused by both natural and human activity. b Put a check (. ) by the questions in the list above that your text answ ers and make brief notes about them. a region. odorless. You have only three m inutes to do this.. of a country. Can yo u answer an y of them? • • • • • • • • What exactly is t he green house effect? A Is climate change a natu ral or human-caused phenomenonWhat are the possi ble effects of cli mate change? B '--' Wilt there be any benefits associated with climate change? B How much climate change has been observed up till now? Is pl anting more trees a way of solvi ng global warming? B '--" Are there any alternatives to coal and oil? B Who is responsible fo r greenhouse gas emissions and climate change? B • How do scientists estimate the climate of the futu re and how reliabl e are their projections? A • What are the current estimates for 21st centu ry cli mate change? A 1 Warm u p a Match these key words with the defin itions. greenhouse gases. rainfall . t UnillO The world around us . Group A: Read quickly through the text below.. which is a ma jor cause for concern. there will be no w ater. Group A text The greenhouse effect is the orocess where heat js unable to escape from the earth's atmosphere..lesson4 Climate change > 2 Task Read these frequent ly asked questions about global warming. and greenhouse gases all cause climate change. Some scientists believe the temperature is going to continue rising.... Ask yo ur partner the questio ns that your text didn't answer and take notes.4 degrees Fahrenheit. but some people say 4 global warming is a m yth they say there have always been 5 cl jmate changes on earth and it's too earl y to say w h ether this parti cular change is part of a norm al cycle or something unusual. The rise in temperature is called global warming. Can you an swer all the questions n ow ? '--' 3 atmosphere e 4 degrees a 5 climate d 6 weather f a un its that are used for measuring temperature b the increase in te mperature that has been taking place in recenl years v '--- "---' c a colorless.. These p redictions are based on a number of factors and are not absolute.. Studies carried out by scientists into climate change in the last century show that volcanic activity. sunny or rainy b Fill in the blanks in the text with fiv e of the key words.. non-poisonous gas that is a normal part of the air d the normal temperatures. such as Alaska. \. e.

3 Prepare If you haven't done so already. an Writing Ustening a college seminar wifl. Ask students to read and check the questions in Exercise 2 that their text answers. The world around us T 108 Unit 10 . 0 2 Task A good way of doing this is a pyramid discussion. and write them on the board. the other half B. The best way to do this is to ask students to stand and then find and sit with someone who has read a d iffe rent text. Ask the pairs to discuss their texts until they can answer all the questions. going 10. Then put one pair with another pair. Divide the class into pairs of A students and B students. divide the class into groups of four. Then put them in pairs and give them one mar£! minute to compare answers. Ask Do you think this is Q serious problem? What factors ore causing global worming? Elicit as many suggestions as you con from students. present perfect F AOs on a Web site F page AQ Write global warming on the board. Let students briefly check answers with people in their group. Give students one minute to read and nole answers to the questions. 1 Warm up Ask students to match words and definitions in Exercise la .Objectives Grammar Topic: climate change Vocabulary climate change Reading extracts from a science book. making a group of four. first conditional. t . then check with a partner. Label half the groups A.. Ask students to read the text in Exercise l b quickly for a general understanding before fill ing in the blanks. and give them one more minute to compare answers one fmal time.

Ask the first question then briefly improvise a conversation with the student. 10..5 and 104 degrees Fahrenheit.. Moderate global worming will favor some fmmers. Put students in pairs. f 0 make electricity Understand? Student 2 Yes. I'm ofraid. there are some pretty bad effects. LeI students compare the notes they make with a partner before going through UlC answers as a class. yes. let me give you some examples the usg at cm god gircraft filel lactorv emissions gases IISed in freez ing 01[ of th ese add to greenhoUSE Illlses and couse climate change. 6 Play the audio again. 5 Compare Play the audio for Exercise Sa. Student 4 What ore scientists prediding about this century? ""'Student 2 But is it all bad? Wan" there be any benefits from climate change? Tutor Not many. that is huge and very worrying. Now. thanks. Student 2 What I can't understand is why everyone thinks a rise in temperature is bad . But humgn activiJ:. Tell them to take turns asking and answering the questions in Exercise 2. the ice ages. 8 . using one or Iwo of the phrases from Exercise 6. 7. Okay. but haw do they know it will continue? How do scientists estimate the rate of climate change? Is it reliable? Tutor Well. and I'm sure you're aware of them . 49'_-------------------------------------------------------------------. is milch worse. which means the countries of lhe developed world hove been mostly responsible for greenhouse gases sa for. 9. yes. Tutor TbO hmnessinQ the power O the tides ond 'Ising it 1 t<. In re<ent years. let me put it like this . so lhere'li be mgre floods and droughts Seq levels will rise jn some cOQstgl megs gnd some low-lyiM islgnds mgy be lost completely under the hot to extremely cold. 4. and discuss their use with a partner. going fram extreme~ Uoit lO T 109 The world around us . and wove energy. The greenhouse effe<t is the process in which heat can't escape from the earth's atmosphere and which causes the temperature of the earth to rise.. Discuss the answers as a class. Ask students to look at the phrases. but the future is likely to be different as we become more aware of the problem. Answers: 1. I think we'd better get on to . pot1iculgt1y in dry megs wh ere there'll be mme rgin Student 3 How do we know about this? I mean. thars much bener. 7 Follow up Model the activity brielly with a good sludent. what exactly is the greenhouse effect? Tutor Okay. •• Answers: Additional information is underlined in the audio script.lhe signs me worrying gnd we'd be foolish tq iQ nme lhem Tutor The 21st century? They soy there'll be on increase of between 2. Is it reliable? Well. Tutor Good morning.it sounds great to mel So whO! are the effeds of climale change? Tutor Well. but the pidure isn't all black.•. Play the audio one more time. increasing the forest meas will help to slow down global worming because plants and trees reduce tbe effe<ts of carbon dioxide. Developing countries that don't have the money ta search for alternative sources of fuel will produce more greenhouse gases tban the United States and Europe. Is that okay? Student 3 Yeah.. Student 3 So. Ask students to listen and order tho FAQs. Tutor Well. but some regions like Alaska have seen 0 four-degree Fahrenheit increase in temperature. air temperature increased by about one degree Fahrenheit. 00 ils owo Ibis jsn't enot I~b to stop or even reduce global wmmiM IhouQh we hove to cui down on our production pf greenhouse QQsgs Whallhgr megns is we hgve to stoP using fossil fuels Student 3 Are there any alternatives to cool and oil? Tutor Well. so there's a lot of disagreement in the scientific world about global worming.<. 5. Before we talk serious~ about the next block of work do you hove any questions on climate change? Student 1 Yes. Monitor carefull y. 3. But what exoclly causes this global worming . ineilJde volcanic activity for example. A good example of the effects is the balance of woler: water resources wilt increase or decrease. The rise in temperature is called global worming. solar power. the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissioDs. Student 1 Con't we stop this? I've heard that planting Irees is a way of solving the prablem. 6 Notice . noting mistakes and prompting students to use the phrases they have studied. such as effects on the migration of birds sgme species at birds will be forced tq migrale tq different plgces gnd some won'l need 19 mimgle gnymme so it upsets the balance of nature. bUl lbesg sources of power need to be developed. especially if the trend continues. 4 Feedback Briefly discuss the results with the class.is it natural ar human? Tutor The green bouse effect is coused by both natural and human activity. let me explain a lillie certain gases ow 1ffi!llale aad trop tbe beat like a barrier Ibot tbe beal con't QeJ lhrouah So Ihe heal is lurned bgd: jnlo tbe gtmosphere and the tempergture rfses Is thgl clear? Student 1 Yes. who's responsible for all these emissions and climate change? Tutor GreenbOuse Iloses bove been increasing since the Induslrjal RevoluJjOD two hundred years ago. con you tell us ogain. thanks. we don't really know. Student 2 I don't understand wove energy. Naruml (mise. 2. The climate of the earth has changed many times in the post. everyone.there's wind energy. how much climate change has been observed? Tutor In the 20th century. they estimate on the basis of historical climate chonge ond computer models of the climate system. Stop the audio after each question and remind students what numuer they are on.

two hundred years ago. be some benefits. 6 Notice ~ Listen to the seminar again... introduce aD example Tell the class how many questions you could answer. 5 Compare Listen to a college seminar about climate change. clarify something What that means is . ask and answer the FAQs again. and use the phrases from Exercise 6. . the United States has been responsible for 25% of greenhouse gas emissions. but on its own this is not enough 10 stop global warming. introduce an example 4 5 6 7 Is that okay? check on understanding Let me put it like this ......) Listen again and make notes of any additional infomlation to an swer the questi ons. which is possible but must be done gradually: coal and oil can be replaced over a period of lime by wind energy and solar DOWer. however. In recent years.. How are these phrases used? Docs each one introduce an example. or chock 011 understanding? 1 Lei me explain .. cla rify something 2 Is that clear? check on understanding 3 A good example o r . Ask about any questions you were unable to answer. \. Some areas will have more water and more synshine. Group B text Climate change will force some species of birds to migrate: water resources will increase or decrease... There will. Number the FAQs in the order you hear them .. One way to do this is to cut down on our use of fossil fuels like coal and oil. try to make your answers as full as possible.. clarify something. such as replanting and increasing the area of the wortd's 0 forests. There will be heatwaves and more air pollution. because plants and trees reduce Ihe effects of carbon dioxide..4 Feedback ... in the fu ture.. we must cut down on OlIr production of carbon dioxide.. The world around us . clarify something Understand? check 011 understanding 8 Let me give you some examples. Moderate warming will fayor some fanners. Climate change is not entirely new: greenhouse gases have been increasing since the Industrial Revolution. developing countries like India and China will produce more greenhouse gases than the United Stales and Europe.. Sea levels will ri se in some coastal areas. there will be more floods and droughl . which of course means that the countries of the developed world so far bear the main responsibility for greenhouse gases. However.which in turn will cause infectious diseases to spread. There are ways of attempting 1 slow climate change... (The words may be slightly different.. This time. 1 00. 7 Follow up [n A and 8 pairs. '--.. For this to happen...

3 each book The modaJ verbs.uncoco_ 1 "I have discovered a new land. . 2 E c. ought to. oil . """'" 4 ""'" book 5 an the books I compJete the form.. She said she had been thinking about/to Unit lO The world around us . butter chocolate. I don'.r 3 (a) little 4 hardy any quantities ". The most common reporting verbs are say and Ieli. ca l food honey. They said they could find it.Xltabie none 01 the books I none of .... wine. or a plant implant Cars should not be parked on the sidewalk.. instant coffee.. However. soda. .. and moves one step back Into the past: I have an idea. s hampoo . I'm thinking about it. I conquered.. peanu t bu tt er milk. i. ~ She said she had had an idea. Mart in Luther King sai d he had a dream. e . Columbus daimed he had discovered a new land. I have had an idea. matches. jam. this place . .. ~ She said she was thinking about it. shaving cream . bo1I1 meet you tomorrow.Grammar Summary 1 Review and extension of quantifiers Type Inc lusive The past perfect does r"IOt change: I had heard of this place..g.. yogurt.." Neil Armstrong said . You should listen to her. 4 She doesn't ha~ a little friends in her town... 4 "I have a dream... Adverbs of place and time often change too. . He said I should hsten to her. 1 a chemical used to kill insects pesticide 2 harm a substance by passing or spread ing chemicals to it contami nate 3 give food to feed 4 the complete set of genes in a living thing genome 5 put something into a person.. home 2 (a) fev.e.to'" Large or . 3 "I'll lOve you forever.. Neil Armstron g said this was one small step fOT a man . and had cOOiluered .." Caesar said . hardy any money 1 half (oQ the books 2 a quarter of the 1 2 "I came. Report these st atem ents. JUliet!" Romeo swore . many . " Martin Luther KJ-. lemonade. . sardines. . that place. announce. c andy.. they in the examples above.ral COLf1table or two-thirds of Negative q uantities ' ''' 2 rl9Ither 3 rona Of the money no book I no books I ro money """""- 2 sngJIar countable 2_ 3 3 pItxaI countable or lI'lCOI.. I was thinking about it .. Caesar said he had com e. We will . 1 Wool u like~ neither of these coats? No... (the speaker's opinion) B..." Columbus claimed he ... Some modal verbs change in reported speech: Quantifiers Followed by noun 1 plural COLf1table Examples 1 both books 2 either book We can find it .. like 'ther each 0 hem. VoJhen we make suggestions or express obligations using the passive.. many books 2 a lot of books I a lOt of money 3 a great deal! a good deal of money 4 several books 1 some books I some money 2 (a) few books 3 (a) little money 4 hardly any books I 2 a 101 01 medium quantities 3 a great deal! a good deal of 4 several Sm all 2 pllI<II COU'ltabie or uncountable 3 uncountable 4 pural countable 1 plural countable or uncountable 2 plural countable 3 uncountable 4 p/lxal countable pkxal COlJ'llabie Remember that the pronouns in reported speech often change. had seen. tOOls. Romeo swore that he would love Juliet forever.. orange juice. 3 Reported speech In reported speech the verb usually changes tense. mineral water.... 5 "This is one small step for a man. potatoes. ointment baked beans. Bo. I saw. (an objective suggestiorv'recommendation) Should and ought to in the passive are often used for rules: 2 GM food biotechnology contaminate crops feed flood food chain gene genome GM Implant pesticide resistant Find five GM word s to match these definitions .g. should. money Vocabulary Summary 1 Containers Tube toothpaste. paint. d etergent Seat belts should be worn at all times. both of the books. I ~ she and we . chips. claim. k:e cream. admit.. Precise 1 half (o~ quantities 2 a quarter I or UI'lCOlI'ltabie 1 si1guIar/pk. olives.g said . Ihe next day. . the suggestiorv'obIigatiOn is ~ive. and would do not change: You ought to compiete the form . we don't see it as being imposed by the speake(: You ought to IIlV6St more in road-bUilding. 3 I invitee. shaving cream candy peanut butter envelOpes butter sardines detergent oil shampoo cat food More ought to be invested in road-building. lemonade.g.. They said they would meet us 2"''''' 3_ 4 ""'" 5 aI ~he) 2 sOgUar COLf1table J singtJar COU"Itabie 4 SirlgLW COlI"lIabie 5 plural coootabIe or the next day. predict." J" Carto n AJI student in class should have a textbook. tomorrow . Bottle '-' 2 Modal verbs + active and passive We often use the paSSiVe after modal verbs: beer.. ~~ .. neither of the books Choose t he correct quantifier. argue. e. . envelopes We can use the COlI'ltabie quantifiers with a pltral noun if we add of the: each of the books. She said she had heard of that pIaco.@) some my friends but only fffW ~f them came to the party. ~ She said she had an idea. cookies Add these item s t o th e correc t column.. animal. He said I ought to """". e. cereal... it is better to use a variety of verbs when reporting speech.

m. You w ill need to look at all 01 these features very carefu lly. 2 Exploring the stages involved in writing an essay There are a number of recommended stages in writing a formal essay.rtanl !:c 'wrJe '" """""". go back to the essay in Exercise 1 and edil it. c Exchange your revised essay with another pair of students. Look at the stages below. rewrite the essay. the grammar the spelling the content the structure punctuation Student A: Look at the grammar and the content.. correct ing all the errors you found. Ji><1 '" alt. how you worked out the ru les and meaning. A. punctuation. lEI f ~ g Brainstorm ideas that are relevant to the question.) d Is this student's experience of writing in English the same as yours? If not. Rewrite the text and produce your final essay. brainstorm and note ideas for this parag raph. write the last paragraph of an essay about reading in English.6er GLOSSARY draft {of a lext] unfinished stage in developing writing proofread read something to find and mark errors for correction b In pairs. Keep all your d raft texts as well as your final version. Write your first d raft from the beginning to the end. discuss what you find difficult abOut writing in English.!lIuYug!. Compare ways of record ing . Use the stages in Exercise 2 to help you.. . spelling. (Do not worry about the errors in the 0<:: :::) [ngt. Give it a title. is ~?np.. I<l<l REVIEW Review your action plan: wonting with written grammar In pairs. The first sentence is: b Together. checking grammar. Ust a number of reasons to support the argument.sh eMm o >o --' LU > LU o CL text. Reorder them according to the most efficient way of writing an essay. Gan they improve your wriling? ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: editing your work Using the recommended stages in Exercise 2. write the paragraph individually. Ii. First of all. l'/"r"J:mg on [~ can hJy Ie 'W!¥)f a n1l. d Exchange your work w ith a partner.!: ~ ~ z - C) Editing your work 1 Thinking about writing a Make a list of all the different types of things you have written in English. a middle. Read their version of the essay and improve it if you can . and punctuation carefully.. and show your partner how you recorded it. organize the ideas that your g roup thought of. Note: you will need to show a classmate the final version of your paragraph and your drafts at the end of Unit 11 . 3 Editing a text a In pairs. The world around us UnitlO . and structure.. Revise your first draft and check for structure and content. Proofread your final essay. The paragraph begins: Although reading in English can be very difficult. dd-fl. how is it different? e In groups. it is important to read for a number of reasons. . In groups. c Read the text written by a person studying EngliSh. Student 8: Look at the spelling.Oi!l:. They are in the wrong order. The paragraph should be no more than 120 words long.. Explain the grammar you looked at. look at the notes on g rammar that you made at the end of Unit 9. 4 Applying the stages a The student who wrote the essay in Exercise 1 did not finish the last paragraph. III a III b iii c III d IKI e Organize your ideas into a structure with a beginning. Read the essay litle or question carefu lly and decide why you are writing it and who you are writing it for. and an end. Conclude the essay in one or two sentences. c When you are ready.can you improve each other's methods? CompeO/ltg a fYa'rnmtLy ~ 'W~ng a ~ m an b Compare your list with a partner.

and it shows some promise. M. P 3 People like scandal and watch in case anyt hing happens! M 4 People get involved in the shows. Choose the rating you think the reviewer gave each show. this show hasn't managed to generate much excitement in spite of the good-looking cast and the provocative theme.5 A d III groups. 4 P **· 35 causing comment.I Read tho reviews of four reality TV shows. Below are some reasons for the popu larity of reali ty TV shows. There they have to cope with living on a farm and working in a fast-food resturant . none has beaten the original idea. 3 Listen to a phone-in program. in the Pan -American Song Contest.a group episodes. P 5 These shows give people a kind of power over olher peop le's lives. showing for more than ten ** OK for a couple 0 years. but the beautiful setting is not enough to stop boredom taking over after a while. More than one person may give the same reason. but the action takes place on a beautiful Pacific island . what is the fascination of re~ lit y TV? ~~y w~ether you agree or disagree With Ih e oplll lOns III Exercise 3b. training to do concerts.de. very entertaining. K 2 People talk about them. anger. Quite frankly. Gripping stuff! 2 1. They like gossip. Despite the number of similar shows now produced. Can the participants survive on what they find on the island? What will they eat? This hasn't been running as long as the other shows. discuss these questions. if there's 5 of young people locked up in nothing better or a house together for several A big yawn. 1 1 What kind arTV shows do you think they come from? Z \o~h at makes people wanl to appear in this kllld of show? Z Readin g skills . excitement prom ise {nl (here] potential to do well 40 A group of unknown musicians spend all their time in an academy. Unit 11 Medio . Reality TV on your screens this week Adrian Soloman reviews the current reality TV shows. h Road tho reviews again.of 1 . and the winners have become national superstars with their albums. ThiS was the first modern *** Very interesting. * the channel. Chan¥ weeks and filmed for 24 hours a day . Which of the shows in the pictures are mentioned? ~ b Listen again. The young would·be stars in recent episodes have been competing to see who is going to represent the U. " 1 primo-timo slot (line 10) a time in when il lot .S. This is hugely popular. K 1 Rea lity T V shows arc something new. The concept ."'-' miss it. Who gives these reaso ns? Write K (Kate). Switch to the big movie on ChannelS instead.1 Speaking skills Look at the pictures and answer the questions.Ieollie are watching in the evening 2 gnppl~lg sluff (line 13) exciting SUbjllcl 3 cast (lllIe 21) people appearing in the s how 4 switch to (line 22) change channels 5 sett ing (line 32) placellocation 6 would-be slars (line 38) people who wan I 10 be fam ous 1 B* *" **** Excellent .is as fascinating as ever and still claims a 10 prime· time slot in the evening. 1 Which of the shows sounds the most interesting as a TV show? Z Which reality shows have you seen'" \Vh did you watch them? . (psyc hologist). reality show and it has been worth watching. Match each rev iew with one orthe pictures. y :4 Would you ever take part in one of these shows? Why? I Why not? 20 3 Liste n i ng skilis ~ It Two spoiled young rich girls leave their posh Beverly Hills homes to go and live in a small town in Arkansas. c Figure out tho meaning of the followin" words and oxpressions from the context. so everyone wanls to see them. M (Myriam) or p. P G People are nosy. GLOSSARY p rov~calive 25 30 C** Another one In the theme of "put a group of young people together and see what happens". c In yo ur opi nion .

American Idol (0) In Exercise 3b . Answers: Reality TV programs. and write them on the board. drama series. Ask How often do you walch TV? Who! kind of programs do you walch? What kind of programs do you never watch? TV programs: news and current affairs. Let students work in pairs to discuss words and expressions in Exercise 2c. want to test themselves in difficult circumstances. quiz show. Ask Whal pon of speech is if? Answer: compound adieclive and noun. documentary. The audiascript for Track 50 is on page nl3 :ill Media T 112 Unil ll . sitcom. Answers: Big Broth er (8). want to have a career in the media. •• 2 Reading skills Allow four min utes for students to do Exercise 2a. Elicit as many different types of programs as you con from students. ask studen ts to listen to the audio again and put the correct letter next to each reason. Allow them to check their answers to Exercise 2b in pairs. Ask What clues in the sentence help you figure oul/he meaning? Answer: In Ihe evening tells students that a prime-time slot must be a ·slor in the evening lV schedule.rs to discuss the questions in Exercise 1 briefly. soap opera. •• Show students how to guess what the words mean by looking at context. Then have them share answers with the whole class. lifestyle program. Ask studen ts to discuss the questions in Exercise 2d in groups of four or fi ve and then have a brief class discussion .Objectives Grammar present perfect progressive Topic: reality TV Reading a TV program review Writing Ustening Speaking discussing TV a review of Q TV show a radio phone-in programs Write TV programs in the middle of the board. Do the first one as on example. breakfast TV Introduce the topic 1 Speaking skills Put students in pai. Ask students to find prime-time slot in the text ond underline il. People want to be fa mous. realily TV. Ask students to listen an d say which shows are mentioned . want to win a lot of money. Have a brief class discussion about the question in Exercise 3c. Lei stude nts check their an swers in pairs before discu ssing them as a class. talk show. Guessing meaning from context 3 Listening skills Play the audio fo r Exercise 3a.

. I think we humans ore fascinated by prying into other people's lives. of course. on the line I have Myriom Sanchez from Mexico. the main reason was the nove~ value . Host RighI. We love to watch others go about their doily lives while we're sitting there.. you know. like in Big Bro/her . Host Now. yes. over several months _ it's been massive in Spain. then trained. but in the rest of the world Reality TV has become a big thing in recent years. remind students to read the Language Note. Lead in briefly by eliciting names of popular reality TV programs that have been shown recently or are on currently. and which are not that interested.. wotching them! Host Even though those lives are. I gather we have a psychologist on the line. Myriom That's been running for years now. ever since the arrival of Big Bro/heron Dutch 1V. some of them. even the mosl serious. we also like to control other people and hove some influence on their lives. Now. Now. good morning to you. have you been wotching all these real ity shows? Kate Wel l. we've been watching reality TV since the earty days of Condid Comero in the 1940s. Encourage pairs to comment on each other's work. Irs sod but true. this is what often attracts people to shows like Blind Trusl . When they are ready. in Spain 01 least. Then try to pair enthusiastic reality TV fons with a partner who.' years. Kate? Kate I think irs. some juicy gossip might come out. How do you explain the enormous popularity of rea lity 1V? Weinberg Well. The olher big hH is "Operoci6n T n'unfd" . then ask students in pairs to match forms to rules. I've been living in Spain. ask pairs to swap r eviews. is also what the program makers hope. Kate. You see. I see. in a game? Weinberg You mean like in Big Brolhet1Yes. Unit 11 T 113 Media . Weinberg And there's one more factor. In lad. Kate .4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive Have students read the examples in Exercise 4a. good morning and welcome 10 the show. Kate Good morning. course.and this. Ask them to tell you which form is being used in each example. knows little about them. you know who! I mean? Host Yes. at some point. on the solo.. as well. I also think people liKe the power that voting gives them. Ask each pair to follow the steps in Exercise sb to write their review. I just got bock. Thank you. Professor Weinberg. Host Yeah. of course. Ask students to ch oos e the best forms in Exercise 4d.. it wos something nfNI . who is in the States doing her Masters Degree. OIer there "Gran Hermono: you know. Today we're talking aboUllY. Kate.. where English would use the present perfect: l /We in Buenos Aires since 1995. or something might happen in the bedroomsadly. But you know whars really popular in Mexico? Irs that kind of discussion and debate show.. welcome to the show. so lers ask her the some question. I think there are several reasons. And of (ourse we hod Big Brother. Here in the USA. thars really interesting. Quick grammar guide. Neil. so it really has spread around the world. Host Why do you think these reality 1V shows ore so popular? Myriom Well.. MVOOm Well.. This morning we wont to know who! you think. The program where they voted on the first series was probably the most watched program eNer _ and mode front-page nOW'S on every nOW'Spaper. perhaps. thars it _ people who wont to be pop stars are auditioned. so everyone wants to see it. people get incredibly invotved in them. The viewer hopes that maybe. Host Whot about reality 1V shows in Mexico? Are they popular? Host You mean we love to be nosy? Weinberg RighI. Another common error is using the present perfect progressive fo r a finished event in the recen t post with a time reference: I J. chosen.~--------------------------~ for Exercise 3 on Page 112 " Host Welcome back to liveline. Find out which students a re "hooked" on these shows. as your previous coller said. _on 5 Writing skills Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise Sa . Host Right. Big Brother. a bn like our American Idol .. Kate . Of. Myriom Hi. and they forget aboutlhe cameros. Before leaving the topi c . and rea~ty TV in particular. like. the present participlel is different from the present perfecl simple in that it emphasizes duration and unfinished activity Common problems ond errot'$ Students may use a simple presen t tense to refer to something that started in the past and tha t continues up to now. Host Why do you think thot is. like Cristina-those are the most popular ones. we've also been wotching a show obout young artists.and also because everyone's been talking about it. attemative ~. so why don't you give us a call and give us your toke on reality 1V? Now lers go to our first coller. Myriom.fJ"e eeeR we(~Rf/ lote losl week. because the people in it still go about their lives. wos incredibly popular. Myriom . they kind 01 control people's lives. They've mode a lot of those shows in the lost lev.W'ho is staying on the show or who has been voted oft. _ periect~ The present perfect progressive (have + been + -ing. Point out that the easiest way to organize the review is to organize it under the headings in exercise Sa . Host Ah. Kate. It's coiled The Academy. Host Thanks very much. one day.

d Choose the best form of the verb in the following sentences. 2 Decide how to organize your review: which information comes first I at the end? 3 Is your review going to be positive. b This focuses on the continuation and I or the du ration of the action. We use the present perfect progressive to focus on the continuation or the duration of an activity.. It's very popular. the w inners have become national 1 I've learned ~ 'I'e been leu min panish for five years but I"m s I no vm' ood! 2 [ 'm not feeling well rve been coughing I've coughed all day.. then check it and edit it. 1 Look at the reviews in Exercise 2.. answer the following questions about a reality TV show you both know..:"rrr~::re: Peace. Make notes of any other information that you might wan I to include. We usually do this with verbs that express actions tha t continue over quite a long time. 2 . 4 Big Brother . d This focuses on the number of times the action has been done. m on 5 5 Wri ting skills a In pairs. b Use your answers to write simple or progressive in the rules . Do you know the show thai they wrote about? Do you agree with their review? LANGUAGE NOTE It is possible with some verbs to use both the present perfect simple or progressive: I've lived here / I've been living here for len years. (l'wo of the examples match one explanation.. 1 What is the aim of the show? 2 Where does it take place'? 3 What kind of people take part? (the public? celebrities?) 4 How do they spend their time? I What do they have to do? 5 What is the public opinion of the show? 6 What is your opinion of the show? b Follow these steps to write a brief review of the show with your partner. a This focuses on an action that is completed. Media Unit 11 . c This focuses on a completed action with a result in the present. really has spread around the world. 'o. 3 ['ve been seeing € e seli!YBig Brolher only four ·mes. Match the examples with the explanations below.. negative. 4 Write your review together. We use the present perfect simple to express repeated actions and completed actions.4 Grammar review and extension: present perfect progressive a Look at these examples from the reviews and the phone-in. 4 superstars . or balanced? Think of a few suitable ad jectives to describe the show. 3 I've been living in Spain.'. Sam has worked I has been working for me since I star/ed the company. c Check your answers with the Grammar Summary on page 120..) 1 It has been showing for more than ten years. 5 They've made a lot of those shows in the last few years. c Swap your review with another pair..".

g. permanent .S.. you because they attribute the don't necessarily get better.and discovered that was no connection between when someone is playing a violence in high schools and . video games over a long doesn 't think that violent period of time.. 5 make you less creative. dlscus~ the queslion and check the possible e ffects that Video games might have.. Video games can make the p layers: more irritable IiJ more violent more depressed 0 more lonely less crealive less sociable less intell igent 0 Jess confi dent fiJ i IE' b Read the newspaper article quickl y and check your answers to Exercise 3a. . movement and eyesight but 25 very little thinking. combat.. they causing violence in U.... The next question is "What kind of people do video games attract?" What do you think? Liston to Pari 3 and see if the expert's opinion is the same as yours. become more irritable and schools.. If "-. Professor Mori's research People who play video comes at a time when video games tend to have shorter games have been blamed for attention spans...e damage can be the process of suing games ..-/ parents want their kids to have imagination and confidence. I 1 2 • magic lorror sports heroic action In ~ b The game designer is asked "What is it that makes these video games so popular?" What do you think? Listen to Part 2 and see if the expert agrees with you... 1 How do you p lay these games? What do you have to do to win? 2 I-low many different kinds of video games can yo u th ink of. video game they use IV or video game violence. sports? 2 Listening skills @ a ~a lch the tilles with the types of games the box. 3. e. 1 Speaki ng skills L~ok at the video games on this page..if you StOp companies for $130 million playing video games... he has video games cause violent 20 carried out exper iments behavior: 57% of Americans with 240 people aged six to questioned thought there 29 .. Video games: bad for your health? GLOSSARY nltentlon Silan the amount of time a person can focus on something without thinking about something else nttrihute (vh) believe something is responsibJu for A situation or event Unil l1 Media .th ink video games can be harmful? In pairs... 'l1... yo u . they should '--'( persuade them to spend less 30 .. Then listen to a video game designer talking about the games and check yo ur answers........ DIscuss the questions. cause and motivation for the "killings to some of the 45 15 Professor Akio Mori has been conducting research violent games.S.3 Readi ng skills a D0. Findings from a recent time playing video games research project in Japan and get them to go out and suggest that tOO much time play with their friends playing video games can instead. But the into the effects of playing general public in the U. Parents of high!O find it difficult to make school murder victims are in ~ friends...

5i\ "" ~ Answers: young guys . magic. too. Havo a briof class discussion about the question in Exercise 2b. thcn play the audio. . 52 and 53 are 00 page T261 ::. Then play the audio so that students can find out whether they predicted correctly. futuristi c •• 2 Listening skills Put students in pairs to match titles to games.. 'irritable = a bll bad-tempered and angry de'pressed ::: feeling unhappy cre'ative 'confident t Pronunciation ond 'violent 'lonely = having no friends 'sociable in'telligent meaning Ask students to read the articlc and check their answers in Exercise J b. with the class check the meaning and pron unciation of the adjectives . Do the same for Exercise 2c. horror. sports. But they appeal to all ages . Ask students to listen and check thcir answers. Answers: the graphics are incredibly attractive and real I realistic entertainment I simple to play I they have the dynamism of movies. 3 Reading skills Put students in pairs to discuss the question in Exercise Ja . but you can play them at home I they have the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books .Objectives Grammar Topic: video games Vocabulary collocotions with video Pronunciation expressing incomplete information Reading Ustening noun clauses using relative clouses a magazine article a radio interview Ask a few general questions to set the scene and help students relate to the topic: Who plays video games? How ollen do you ploy? Woors your favorite game? Who has never played video games? Introduce the topic 1 Speaking ski lls Discuss the question in Exercise 1 as fI class.the usc of color is fa ntastic I they involve the players in imagi native ways I in video games viewers take part.you can lind plenty of adults playing. Elicit suggestions to the board. heroic action. Remind them to check the Glossary. so they attract all ages. from six to sixty. Suggested answers: combat. Ask them to check the boxes to show their opinion. Elicit different kinds ofvidco games and write thorn on the board . fantasy. Play the audio for Exercise 2a.from as young as six till they become young adults. Aft erwards. Media T 114 Unilll . The oudioscripls for Tracks 51. they have an active role.

the speaker's voice is still rising because the statement is incomp lete. At the end.. For Exercise 5d . they are used for emphasis. I? Quick pronundation guide - alternative A useful way to set sludents up for exercise 5d is to start with a whole-closs drill. Ask studen ts in pairs to take turns starting and completing sen tences. 6 Vocabulary: collocations with video Lead in Write video on the board. Write tho structure on the board: Something (tllat) + relative clouse + is/ore +compJement Th e thing (thot). Unilll T 115 Media . In sb. 2 The thing I really like about them . Ask a few volunteers to read their best sentences to the class. When checking answers with the class. model the activity with a good stude nt. Monitor and insist on good intonation patterns. and anolher the second half. around the class. Say the first part of the first sentence. paint Qui the structure that all theso noun clauses follow. Monitor and help. ~ 1 Something that reatly onrecls people 1 0 video games . In Exercise 6a . Ask students to work in pairs to complete the statements in Exercise 4b with their own ideas. and then check their answers with a partner. This way you provide same whole-class practice before doing pair work. as needed.. Monitor. Ask students to listen and mark the rise and/or fa ll on sentonces 1 and 2. Also point out the Language Note. I\? 1 Something that really a nracls people to videa games is lhe graphics. then get the student to complete the statement with falling intonation. Ask students to analyze the intonation. then put them in groups of four or five to share their ideas.Go through the example carefully so that students are clear about what they need to do in Exen:. Qukk grammar guide Noun clauses often contain a noun phrase and are followed by a complement When placed 01 the slart of sentences. 2 The thing I really ~ke about them is the dynamism. The secret 10 gelling students to imitate a good inlOflalion pallern for Ihese sari of noun clauses is 10 get them to try 10 start with their intonation quite high. nominating different students to complete each sentence with their own ideas. Answers: In Sa. Give studonts a min ute or two to think about what they can say ahout the subjects in Exercise 5e. and correct as needed. etc. Ask students how many words they can think of that collocate with video. starting high. Then compare answe rs as a class. tI Jl 5 Pronunciation: incomplete information Play the audio for Exercise Sa. They are besllaughl and learned as fixed expressions. Te ll students that they h ave to remember what the people said on the recordings. 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) Ask studonts to match the sentence halves in Exercise 4a . put students in pairs to work through the exercises . Play the audio for Exercise 5b. Then nominate an individual to soya first half. the speaker's voice falls to show Uwt the statement is finished. then get them to make it go higher and higher leven if it sounds funny!] and then lei it drop suddenly from the word is or ore !like a deflated balloon1.. ask a few students to read their sentences from Exercise 6c aloud with the class.ise 3c. Model the fi rsi half of each sentence in exercise 4b. With the class. with a rising intonation. discuss the qu estions in Exercise 5c . Let students chuc k their an swers in pa irs before going through the answers as a class.. help with ideas. and so on.

IW ~ " r. is all the commercials.. 2 Something that really attracts people to video games is ./J . ~ c Has the speaker finished in Exercise Sa? In Exercise 5b? What indicates this? d [n pairs. tJifdlt:Y hcftilld such mindless acts of violence.. 2 The thing(s) I don't like about video games 3 Something thai really annoys me about TV . playing video games watching videos watching DVDs going to the movies surfing the Internet 6 Vocabulary: collocati ons w ith video a All the following words can follow video to form a collocation. [ 71 1 8 ..I ...". P8SfJ9RfJi&!B for the increase in violence in Ollr society. 4 The things that may make them attractive to guys are ..... (line 44) sue (suing) 4 Grammar: noun clauses (2) '---a Complete the sta tements from the listening with the endings on the right. find out whal your classmates like about these activities. ) and the complement (the dynamism): The dynamism is the thing 1 really like about them. 1::::.c Replace the italic words and expressions in the sentences below with words or phrases from the lex\. 6 Something that really irritates me about reality shows . Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::. (line 37) 5 The parents were right to ~ tlie video company /8 88111'/' (line 41) motival~OQ for 6 I really can 'I understand the 1 t.. (line 29) blame TV 4 People Il~i{lk TV if. b Complete these statements with your own words. 3 The thing I really like about them is . 3 I've never used.. a the dynamism. compare your sentences fro m Exercise 4b._ _ _ __ _"!( c the way lhey're all so male orientated. . as in the example.. [line 7) 'Y1lieo gameS tend to ie mJJYe p:JpUiay ""d:h IxryS than fflls. ~ 2 The thing I really like ahout them is the dynamism .I'l8' .. 4 The thing(s) I really like about movies .. 5 Pro nunciati on : in com p lete inform ati on Listen to the firs t part of two sentences from Exercise 4a. Does the voice rise or fall on the last words? Mark 71 or ::::. except two. (line 16) confidence 3 It is true that too many video games make you lose )'!. Use the correct intonation ... LANGUAGE NOTE We can reverse the order of the subject (the thing . Which two? camera cassette cassette record conferendng game arcade phone ~ tape theater b Check tho collocations then answer the ques tions. A Something that really annoys me about TV . d the graphics.. Media Unit 11 . !i{ i'l p .1 1 e In groups. 1 Something thaI really attracts me to video games . 2 I often use. 1 Video games arc uSllolly more popular with boys than girls." 4 I'd like to have . 1 Something that really attracts people to video games ?! 2 The thing I really like about them ?! Now listen to the complete sentences. b the action and the violence... and why.. S One thing that"s good about DVDs .. Which of the items in Exercise 6a would you use if you wanted: • to speak to someone and look at them at the same time'? Video phone • to make a film of your birthday party? Video camera • to take part in a discussion with colleagues in other cities or countries? Video conferencing • to go somewhere to play games? Video arcade c Complete theso sentences with a collocation from Exercise 6a so that they are true for you.. Researc h 2 ffl\ BfJligBIiBl1fJ into video games and violence have not proven a connection. . but split the sentences. Then discuss them with a partner.ur ~bi/iW Iii' gp Ih. 1 lawn. 1 Something that really annoys me about these games is ..I . 1 Something that really attracts people to video games is the g raphics.. Make any other changes necessary..

It is widely believed that if we didn't ""have lV.. headaches. we use does not watch TV.4%).>. the more lV we watch.4 hours watching power. which is discussed in are . although the than three meters can day on which people watch cause stress. b Compare your answers with another pair. whether somebody is watching it or not. how? (colloquial) read less. In and sleeplessness. in fact. 5 the fa ther report. In which room(s) do you have a TVt Do you have the TV turned on 2 Reading skills a In pairs. c TV may be a good thing for some people. the most TV is Sunday. 8 ~ % of th~ d All the questions from Exercise 1 are d iscussed in the most popular shows on TV first part of the article except one. look at the information in the article and answer the questions. In two out of three homes with a TV (61. and that watching lV at a distance of less TV every day. On average. too. The 22% of homes. The same applies to talking to each other. based on a survey ~ecjdes what to watch and of 1.TV or no TV? 1 Speaking ski ll s In pairs. it is on all the time. ~ave 1 2 televisions In the house. e In groups. List some disadvantages of TV.JL% of cases watch a lot of lV.S. Part 1 Does TV turn us into dumbos? A report just published says people who watch a lot of lV may be damaging 4 . 1 How do your viewing habits (discussed in Exercise 1) compare with the article? 2 Do you find any of the facts worrying? Which onels)? 3 Are the facts in the article typical of the situation in your coun try? 4 Did TV affect your childhood relationships? If so. Only GLOSSARY dumb u a stupid person Unilll Media . Many adults don't even discuss which show to watch: they just get another lV and put it in another room.. most homes in the U. most people spend on only 10% of our brain average 3. then read Part 2 and compare your ideas with the next part of the article. also suggests that if you Only in 7---. lV viewers.S. we would talk to each other more.!!. which might even result in fewer divorces! TV facts Television is probably the most powerful medium of communication ever invented. discuss thl::se questions 1ri. It is certainly the most popular and most widespread. but it causes problems. you will does the mother decide which channel to watch Finally. Statistics tell us that in most countries 60% of the population h TV 'In the 2 li viD!! roomas a I 30% has one in the 3 bedroom . It appears that when we watch lV. Which one? football or Soccer games. the less we talk to each other.000 U.you 've guessed itthe second part. and 13% has one in the kitchen. In 21 % it is 6 the chil dren .L % of the population their brains. Part 2 Then check with your teacher. look at Part 1 of an article below and try to complete it._ about your TV viewing habits.:_t4.

" I gave the TV away and my life changed . find out whiGh students watch the most TV. find another iob. don't let il control you. learn where the ·off" switch is. and I couldn't do that. not at all. Useful language: Additionaloctivtty An advantage of " is . give a couple of examples to get students started. is.it gave me more time. Note that only question 6 from Exercise 1 is discussed in part 2 of the article.I've found a new job. Host I see. Host How did your life change exactly? You stopped watching TV? Maureen Exactly . Ask.Objectives Grammar Topic: watching TV Vocabulary television genres Reading Ustening a radio phone-in Speaking conditionals extrocts from magazines discussing TV viewing habits. Maureen. and if I hadn't stopped watching TV. For Exercise 3 on page 117 !II Host We've talked about addiction a lot before. well. I watched daytime TV. its relaxing to walch TV after a hard day. If I ever get a TV again. Host So. what was so bad that it made you give up television completely? Maureen Well. and I was at home all day. Put students in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise Ze. but today we're going 10 talk about a different kind of addiclion .. Now I feel much better. you know. Ask if any thing surprises students. like most people. have mare friends. I won't let it toke control of me. planning a TV schedule 1 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to d iscuss the questions in Exercise 1. 56'~---------------------------------------------------------. 'That's it. who used to be addicted to the TV but who is now one of the four per cent 0 of people who have chosen to live without TV. you'd watch less TV. and he said that if I watched less TV. people don'//alk. I used to juSI watch TV now and again in the evenings.addiction 1 the TV. •• 2 Reading skills For Exercise 2a. For Exercise Zc. First. I think I'd go crazy. [f necessary. and after a while I got hooked on TV junk shows. I'm so embarrassed to think about it now. I listen to music a lot more . If students need more help you could write some of the answers 011 the board as they do the exercise. we're going to talk to Maureen. and use il! Media T 116 Unit 11 . I'm not stressed out any more. what's your advice to people who want to cut down on TV? Maureen Well. Afterwards. (For example. There's some very good stuff on TV. I thought.. If I still had a TV. students in pairs or small groups to make a list of advantages of television. I'd have less time to do things. One of the best things about . ask for lots of guesses before revealing the actual answers. I used to feelli red and irritable all the lime. I would never have discovered the pleasures of reading. Maureen. but then I lost my iob four years ago. after a year or so I reali zed that il wasn't healthy. I iust used to lie on the sofa all day doing nothing. without revealing which blan k they go in. Elicit answers fro m the class and note a few good ideas on the board. is Another good thing about . I'd be able to do more with my life.quite a bit. Host So you decided 10 do something aboul it? Maureen Yes. and on Sundays. If I hod all these digital channels to choose from now.. explain that the answers rely on students' own general knowledge and guesswork. So. I think a very importanlthing is not to have the TV in Ihe living room . But most important is to control the TV. people ea/ TV dinners). the more irritated I felt. The more surfing through channels I did. When you elici t answers from students in Exercise 2b. And how about your health? Maureen Well. so I went to my doctor. but you have to be able to control what you watch. rt you hod to go to another room to switch Ihe TV on. No more TV. help students to make guesses al the first answer. So. I've done so much since I gal rid of the television . Ask some pairs or groups to present their ideas to the closs. For example. Host So you think that TV is all bad? Maureen No.put it in another room. same programs are very educational. The articles present a pretty negative view of TV. met people.

improbable or impossiblel. ask them to show their schedu le to two or three other pairs in the class and talk about it with them. Let them c heck in pairs before discussing them as a class. If I weflo!g 1:Je'¥~ seen you. modeling stress and pronunciation. where the condition is possible. Model the activity in Exercise 4c by eliciting or providing two or three possible sentences. 4 Grammar review: conditionals Read through the example carefully as a class so that students are clear about the task. In terms of form that students make most errors. of 8 name for their channel. Have students briefly share answers in the class and find out who wrote the best schedule . When students h ave finished. Ask students to sit down with their partner. Then give students three or four minutes to thjnk up and w ri telheir own sentences. ask a few individuals to tell you their best sentences. They often try to express the ideo of the subjunctive In the conditional clouse by using will or would. Put students ill pairs to share their ideas. Quick grammar guide: condmonals Play the audio again for Exercise 3e. Monitor and encourage st udents to speak. Let studen ts complete Exer cise 4a indi vidually. If I will-win. Now sho has more friends . then check answers in pairs. Divido students into groups of four or five to do Exercise 5h . where the condition is unreallLe. Ask students to scan the lV page and find examples of the different types of program listed in exercise Sa .. T he other p icture is of Fid el Castro being interviewed. Note: hooked on = obsessed with @ Play the audio for Exercise 3b. I'd cullaxes. Ask students to complete the sentences in Exerc ise 4b. In terms of use. Additional activity Find and photocopy a page from on English-language lV listings page. The n ask them to stand up and find another student in the class w ho has chosen the same channel.. IUncle Bob speokingJ II is. When eliciting answers from the class. and then elicit answers from the class. and the second conditional. t . The audioscripl for Track 56 is on page n16 It Unitll T 117 Media . students need to differentiate between the first conditional.. Ask them to think. Common probtems and enors Students get the form wrong. but cou ld also be no ws or curront affairs. Ask students to liston and comp lete the task. has a bette r life. Photocopy enough copies for everyone in the closs. 1'1/ reduce laxes. and aile or two pairs may have to compromise.•• 3 Listening skills Give students a minute to briefly d iscuss the statements in Exerc ise 3a in pairs. Ask students to complete the statements. 50 . Choose one which lists the title of the program and describes its content. 5 Vocabu lary: television Read th rough the words in the list in Exercise students to match the words to the pictures. however. I would hove said hello. Then ask Answers: The top p icture is of the American sitcom Friends. For example: If I become Presidenl. It looks like a talk show. thon chock in pairs. 6 Speaking ski lls Ask students to decide what kind of channel from the list they wou ld like to design programs for. and reads more (3 and 4).. You will need to monitor the "pair-choosing" carefull y. •• . Give them 10 minutes to p lan and write out their TV schedu le on a sheet of paper. Answers: 1 and 2 were true of Mauree n in the past. I will be happy. IPresidential candidate speokingl If I were Presidenl.

caters for people aged 16-35. to choose from 5 If [ ever gel a TV again. future. 4 Grammar review: conditionals a Read these conditional sentences and write post. 4 0 """'''1. from 6:00p. I won't let iltake control of me. yo u are going to design TV programming for an evening for one channel. he will become isolated. [n pairs. (/uluJ<e.:OD-7:00 /.3 Listening skills a Some people are really "hooked" on TV. hie 2 If [ still had a TV. lalk show currenl affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show b [n groups. caters for all ages..m. . caters for all ages. 1 . to 1 :30a. discuss whether these statements are true of anyone yOll know. p:mUe) 1 If you watch a lot of TV. unreal 5 I'll watch more TV if I get digital channels. 3 If the chann els showed (show) more documentaries. focus on entertainment Channel 2: public service channel.age ?> ut£<C f'YO:J'"am. 1 If you stopped watching TV. they'd have more friends and a better life. Top of c Compare your schedule with other pairs. he said that if [watched less TV. eg. think of the most popular eXflmple in your country of each category of TV sbow. If you sit close to the TV. you would suffer (suffer) deprivation symptoms.ch {. I. Media Unit 11 . Then discuss them in pairs. . past . Which of the statements were true of Maureen in the past? Wh ich are true now? Listen again and complete Maureen's statements. caters for people over 30.. 2 If I hadn 't watched so much TV as a child. Listen to Maureen talking about her TV viewing habits. we would talk to each other more. 1 They"re hooked on TV junk shows. Note the program type and an example of the show for each time slot. I'd have less lime!o do mo re. less TV. or future. present . possible 2 If we didn't have TV.k Pops teen. possible b Now complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. different programs Channel 4: commercial channel. tends toward common interests such as sports and musi c b Plan a rriday evening's TV schedule. I'd be . 5 They surfchaflncls a lot while they're watching TV. likes to broadcast new. and possible or unreal by them.m.. Choose the best schedule for the class. 3 If [ hadn't stopped watching TV. future . 5 [wou ld have gone oul with you last night if they badn'l shown (not showl Big Brother! c Make conditional sentences lLsing these phrases.. present. have a TV in the bedroom appear on TV be addkted to (show name) waste time watching TV . 6 Speaking skills a In pairs.I didn't M--ve a TV m the fed. prese/lt. 2 They often lie on the sofa all day doing nothing but watching TV. I would watch more TV. unreal 4 I'd have gone out more if I hadn't had a TV. 5 Vocabul ary: television a Look at the two pictures on this page and find the kinds of shows they represent from the list helow.If . 4 If they sold the TV. you will read less. I would watch it every night.:rwm.. I wou ld have read (read) more books. 4 If your child continues (continue) to watch too much TV. they'd read more. Choose from one of these channels. unreal 3 If I had a TV. you may damage your eyes.I'd 'ltaf. 3 If they watched less TV. Channel 1: commercial channel. focus on education and information Channel 3: public service channel.

6 Newspapers which publish inaccurate reports about famous people should be fined and banned from publishing the reports. sports .) 2 Task a One of the crit icisms of some newspapers is that they do not respect people's privacy. crime reports. social events.it shows that they are still important. middle/lower economic groups. In pairs. 3 What was the headline on the front page? 4 Was the report sensational or factual? 5 Were there any scandal or gossip reports? 6 Does this newspaper have a large circulation? 7 Which section of Ihe newspaper did you read in mosl detail? Sections: national news. international news. 4 Famous people are usually secretly pleased that newspapers write about them . 1 How many major newspapers are there in your country? . 1 Newspapers have a duty to publish anything they think is in the public interest. liberals.. How do newspapers breach people's privacy? Who is usually affected by breaches of privacy? b You are going to draw up a code of conduct on privacy for newspapers. 3 The public has a right to know every detail about the lives of fam ous or important people. or think of your own ideas.. editorials. conservat ives. 1 Was il a tabloid or broadsheet newspaper? 2 What was the lead story about? Report the main points 10 your partner. say whether you agree or disagree with these opinions and why. entertainment b Now discuss newspapers in general in your country. a politician who is having an affair. in pairs. Unill l Media . 3 Prepare In groups. Then. decide on four "golden rules" of conduct for journalists. )ocalnews. 2 How many are tabloids/broadsheets? 3 Whal sect ions can probably be found in each of them? 4 Who is the main audience for each one? (young people. reader comments. the classifieds. business people. even if it reveals private information abo ut people. (For example. 5 Any kind of spying on famous people by newspaper reporters should be banned..1 Warm up a Check th e words and phrases in italic in a dictionary or with your teacher.) 2 Any person who is in the public eye has to expect media interest. discuss the questions with reference 10 the last newspaper you read. You may use the points in Exercise 2b and rewrite them so they reflect your opinion. etc.

Bri ng a newspaper 10 class to hel p you point oul and explain di fficult vocabulary. following people. to breach privacy). and neighbors. ex-partners. active and passive Speaking presenting ideas for a code of conduct If you can. Have a brief class discussion of the answers. going through private records. Suggested answeres: Newspapers breach privacy by: interviewing ex-friends.g. and elicit ideas in answer to the questions in Exercise 28 . Divide tho class into groups of fo ur or five to d iscuss the questions in Exercise l b ." Monitor and help with vocabulary. •• tabloid = newspaper with small pages and sensational staries broadsheet'" newspaper with big pages and serious stories lead story '" the main story on the frool page classifieds '" short. Put students in pairs to ask and answer the questions.'S? You could use the newspapers 10 elien and/or explain the words In italics in exercise 1 a. Put students in pairs to read the opinions in Exercise 2b and decide whether they agree with them or not. TV celebrities. 3 Prepare Put students in groups of fou r to wri te their "golden rules. bring in two or three different English languoge newspapers. Ask What are the names of the newspapers? What kind of newspapers do you think they ore? What stories are fronl page and back page nev. sports stars. However. such as doctor's records. small ads on the inside pages edilOfials '" newspaper articles in which the editor gives the newspaper's opinion on on issue in the news Vocabulary 2 Task Have a brief class discussion. going through your garbage: taking photos with powerful lenses on beaches or in bedrooms. Show them 10 students and pass them around the class. Media T 118 Unit 11 . such as the victims of crime or lottery winners. etc. people in the news for other reasons.pop and movie stars. are also affected. politicians. Elicit an explanation of breach le. Introduce !he topic 1 Warm up Ask students to road through the questions in Exercise 1a and check the vocabulary. The people usuall y affected arc well-known people .Objectives Topic: newspapers and privacy Writing a code of conduct Grammar modal verbs.

the photographer was allowed to take it. I think we can all agree that our first rule is that we do not invade the privacy of people who are sick or dying. o Mmm. B Okay. 6 Follow up Put students in groups of four to draw up their own code of conduct. but it was taken in France. B Isn't the issue that it was printed. . The photographer had taken close-ups of her crying. but not of people in this case? A Yes. in some places. Do you agree? e yes. but that was public interest . A look./? He anaclced a photographer. well. B Another thing .~ . Answers: They say thai because the photo of Princess Diana was taken in France. which is why there were all the problems -that newspaper had an exclusive. Elicit the best ideas from each group to build up a class code of conduct on the board.a lot of people think that the ormy shouldn't have gone out there. that was just sick.what about pictures of famous people's weddings and things like that? I mean. A But you have to be invited . Then put the groups together again to complete their code of conduct. Not true. Mario. and t do not wont my newspaper to be sued ! C Of course not. bull don't think we need to focus on that case too much. they're in public.4 Feedback Ask one student from each group to read their main points aloud. There were some pictures token recently of the widow of a soldier . LeI's start. photographers can't take pictures in restaurants. BID Yeah. like Britain. C DiHicult . oren'tthey? So. Remember the pictures of the wedding of Catherine Zeta-Jones and Michael Douglas? They sued the newspaper over that. A Okay. using a telephoto lens. Ask the rest of the class to take notes about what each speaker says. they're not like funerals. Put students in pairs to read the descriptions in Exercise 5c and find the throe mistakes. A I'm more concerned about ordinary people.. B Yes. We've only agreed that we can't have pictures of sick people or of people who are grieving. We have to look at improving things ourselves or the government will impose new rules on us. on her suHering. I'm a photographer and I believe in freedom to toke the pictures I wont. I think. yes? C As you know. We'd bener get on . I think so .restaurants are really private places that open up to a few people at a time. Chris Martin of Co/dp/a. so pictures of the funeral are okay. like Britain. even of close-ups with telephoto lenses..at his funeral.you're unlikely to get pictures of a wedding unless you're inside the church or you use a telephoto lens. Not true. I completely agree with tha t. They say that in some places. but what about famous people? I mean. o I agree. photographers can't take pictures there. I agree. I really don't want that. you also have to be careful who you take you know that singer. so the photographer was allowed to toke it. Ask students to listen and answer the question . defnitely. I Of course. I think thars on intrusion on her grief. We're all here to discuss a few problems we've hod recently with breaches of people's privacy. and as a newspaper editor myself. Unilll T 11 9 Media . 5 Compare ~ Play the audio for Exercise Sa. o You mean the one of her in the car after it hod crashed? That was terrible. They say that they can take and print pictures of close-ups with telephoto lenses in the u. here in the United States 01 least. In Exercise 5b. No one should be allowed to print that. rather than the pictures was token? A Yes.the event is in a public place. but I think they had a deal with another newspaper. ask students to complete the descriptions and play the audio again . so of course we can toke and print pictures of that. but not close-ups of grieving relatives. they're happy occasions. Not true.s. but that example of Princess Diona after her cor crash. we're not getting very far. if famous people are at a restaurant or somewhere. A I think you'Ulind that was because his wife was pregnant and didn't wont to have photographs taken.

Make a note of ideas from other groups.. 3 pictures of famous people in . If yOU use raph lenS ard a IaC\def to protog ~=~ in his backyard. trespassing on pnvate property. for example o~ra sidewalk. are visible from a pu Ie .. Present them to the rest of the class. What were they? d Do you know the laws on press and privacy in your country? Ifnot. Which aspect are the people talking about? photographer. 1 a picture of Princess Diana after . widowlfuneral.. a permissible.. ... b Compare your ideas with other groups and pul together a class code of conduct ... The people in the discussion made three mistakes when discussing these laws. you may be txea\<. 4 Feedback a Choose the three main points of your code of conduct on the press and privacy. pictures in private ..ing the law. However.. Complete the descriptions of the four pictures. The people give four examples of pictures that intrude on people's privacy... wedding. draw up two or three ideas for a code of conduct for press photographers. 5 Compare Listen to a discussion about another aspect of newspapers and privacy. z a picture of a soldier's . can you guess? .. 4 pictures of two actors· .. '-- 6 Follow up a In groups. laws exist. ·vate bOat standing on the deck of a po ' are alloWed· United States standing in public piCtures of someone balcony plainly view. france herS could be sued for taking PhOtograp... bUt photographerS No prnacy d for harassment or may be sue ... c Look at the descri ptions of the laws relating to photographing people in some countries..~d ven "private places" includes cars an e publiC areas· ItalV doO even of people PiCtures taken out rs. and privacy Listen again. a restaurant/a IJUblic place. b Combine all the ideas you agree with to make a complete code of conduct for journalists reporting on the lives of the rich and the famous. her car crash.1<>1"''= VYithOUt consent.

" o<fut"'" Fo"" if + present + wiIf + infinitive We've docorated this room. These noun clauses take a complement and can come either before or after the verb. an apartment. Vocabulary Summary 1 Collocations with video video game arcade video camera video game video phone video recorder video tape video cassette video cassette recorder video conferencing 1 I've been working (.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Present perfect progressive Use To talk abrut an action or activity that started i1 the past and is still contim. We do not use the progressive to talk about the number of actions/times we have done something.) We can use both the siTl>Ie and progessive with rK) change in ITIEHling with some verbs thaI have a sense of oontiluatoo.1Q: 3 Conditionals For more information on each conditional. but the focus is ()(l If we get a DVD pJayet. The progressive suggests that the action was VfJly recently finished: 2) to talk about impossible events/situations in the present Fo"" if + past. rNe've just we could call for help. e. 5 It's snowed ~ ~II night and it stiD hasn't stopped. the activity: Second conditional We've been watching a lot of foreign movies recently. work and study: Hi&y has attended I has been attencfng this sdKXJI for (\AI() )'EIa'S. To talk about a series of actions. fNe haven't finished yet. ou've been drivin You've driven for hours. I'm going to go home now.) Note the difference between the simple and the progressive he. Third conditional Us.g. 3 Where have you been~ calii?J I've been calling you at least ten times. to talk about imaginary (unreaQ events/situations in the past Fomo if + past perfect + wouIeJ/couIdImight + have + past participle Fo"" have + been + -4ng verb Affirmative: We 've been watching 8 lot of TV recently.) To express duration (often with a time phrase): I've been writing this essay for three hours. hl!!O!!th ---. Sony about the mess. 1) to talk about unlikely events/situations in the present or Mure We've watched three French movies this week. Negative: We haven't been watching much TV recently. . to talk abOut events/situatiOns whiCh are possible in the present We've b800 deconlting this room. would/could/might + infinitive It\Ie've decorated this room. hot soup. One thing I really like to eat in the winter is a good. :J~~~~!£!~ e 'library all summer. 2) If I h ad my cell phone. We can use both the present perfect smpIe and progressive to talk about actioos with a result n the present. an office sitcom 5 a TV show in which well-known people are intefViewed talk show 6 a TV show that has a number of different acts. I'll take over.g . We've been decorating. Cold. 2 TV shows talk show current affairs documentary drama movie music program quiz show reality TV sitcom soap opera sports show the news variety show Match these definitions with a word or phrase from t he lists in 1 and 2. We use the simple: Us. 1 2 Noun clauses NOlI1 clauses otten COfItoo a relative clause. singers and comedians variety show Unilll Media . 1) If I got lhejob. emphasis to the complement: a continuing TV series abOut the imaginary lives of a group of people soap opera 2 TV programs that do not use real actors but show ordinary people doing ordinary things reality TV we are adding The thing I really like ebout Thailand is the food. It is rTlClt9 neutral to put them after the verb: The food is the thing I realty like about Thailand. 4 I've waited (I've been waiting for Charlie for ages. If I ha d had a oomputer. n /t:xJks much better now. wet weather. suctJ as Iva. buth " ed io th~ 2 You must be tired. Something that really depresses me is cold.. fNe've finished. see Page 46 (first and second conditionals) and Page 56 (third conditionaQ. or write both jf both forms are possible. I'd move to a new house. wet weather is something that rooJly de{Yesses me. e. I might have finished the book earlier. - firishOO. Ouestiofl: Have you been watching much TV recentty? Choose t he correct tonn of the verb. we 'll watch more movies at home. A good. First conditional Us. hot soup is one thing I really like to eat in the winter. If we place the noun dause before the verb. 3 a place wheI'a you can play video games in machines by putting mooey in them video game arcade 4 a TV comedy sefies that takes place in a particular situation..

Media Unit 11 . I copy the phrases into a special notebook. Helena Heinemann. It's kind of a hObby. Oh. . talk about the list you have made with your partner. Chile c In pairs. vocabulary. . 2 Expanding your repertOire of techniques a Read the four case studies above again and underline the techniques they mention. Correct pronunciation is very important for me too.. and punctuation of the paragraphs. . the family. Review your action plan: editing your written work ~ . That's just the way my mind works. I like repeating things aloud as well. Read it and check any Ideas that you suggested in your paragraph. By "nice" I mean vocabulary that interests me like idioms. Hungary . so I show the main stress and write in phonetics . I never use any of them. Yes.I enJoy read ing in English and underline "nice" expressions. Ference Lukacs. . I guess. or any ideas lor improving the organizaHon.. I enjoy fill-in exercises and I prefer a bilingual dictionary so that I'm sure I've understood something. collocations. That would help him find the exact meaning more quickly and he wouldn't feel so frustrated... discuss which students are not making the most of their opportunities to learn vocabulary. Experiment with new ideas and you will find new techniques that suit the way you like to learn. I'm an engineer and keep a notebook just for that area of my English. You'll also make yourself a better language learner in the process! Note: bring any new vocabulary entries to the class at the end of Unit 12. But I"m not doing English only for my work! I remember words and phrases from songs or interesting texts . Add any other techniques to the list that you think may be useful. What practical advice would you give them? I would tell Keisuke to think about the general meaning of a new word before he looked it up in a dictionary. or an opposite. Underline any ideas you didn't include. . My teacher calls me "the detective" because I love trying to guess words from context. either. Ana Ramos. an adverb. spelling.recording if something is a phrasal verb. I had a great teacher who once told me that if you don't think about the meaning of new vocabulary in context. I'm going to buy a cheap notebook and copy everything into that. Most of my techniques are probably ' considered "traditional". grammar. Which person do you resemble most? Discuss any questions you have.. but only lor very ' difficult expressions. . Put a check next to the effective techniques. Keisuke Katsura. When I come across new vocabulary I ask my teacher or I look It ' up in my bilingual dictionary. have to see a word written down if I want to remember it.that is a big help. I usually write an example of the words or phrases and the other helpful technique I use is to divide language into topic areas. I'm not very organized about keeping vocabulary although I'm always very careful about including information about the grammar of a word or phrase . but mostly I write translations. I enjoy writing them down although to be honest. I've never had a special notebook for vocabulary. .. I am pretty clear about what language I want to learn. But this is often difficult because there are a lot of meanings for one wordthat frustrates me. And I do . I have a notebook that I only use for vocabulary and I'm very organized. Germany _ L-__ PLAN C> Your action plan: working with vocabulary Put your list from Exercise 2c into action tomorrow. holidays. you know. . I write the date at the top of the page and make a list of all the new vocabulary I learn that day. c Discuss the techniques as a class. a synonym. work. b In pairs. stuff like that. I always try to put new language into use as soon as I can. I use different techniques: a picture. Give your partner the final version of the paragraph you wrote in Unit 10 about the importance of reading. and so on. That's important if you want to be able to use the language. it will be very hard to find the correct definition when you look in a dictionary. a::: ::::> >- o b LOOk at what these students below say about how they record new vocabulary. Make a list of the techniques you would like to try. o -' > UJ o UJ 0. Japan . I do use my English dictionary. .. . and phrases. . and I also use highlighter pens.z z C) ~ Working with vocabulary 1 Reviewing techniques for recording vocabulary a Are you making the most of your vocabulary learning potential? Write down the two Of three ways you most commonty record new vocabulary.

1 What's the best experience you have ever had in an exam? 2 What's the worst experience you have ever had in un exam? 3 What havo your experiences with English exams been like? Ii You have to take tests. We have a really tough biology lest tomorrow so I'd bettor get home and 7 reyiew [Of it! Tests make some people feel J hato May and June . That means you can build on .all these 8 examsltesls are killing mol really nervous. How else can you place peop le in class levels. We were 3 teslfld Oil molor functions.which means that I So much depends dOll" have to 6 retake that part of the course. speaking of lests. A So did you pass that science test? B No. compare your opinions about the statements. Use the words and phrases in the box 10 complete the blanks you could not fill. Unil 12 . covered that yet. so tests are really pointless. award certificates and above all.gth. Usc one or more words in each blank. compare your opinions. I 1 failed il! I only 2 scored/got seven out of 25. didn't you 4 !llke your lab practica!s last week? A Yeah! And thankfully I got II good 5 grade . so how can b In pairs. discuss these questions. Some st udents forge t everything they've studied the moment a test is over. NS (not sure) or D (disagree) by each one. Have you used the same words as in the box? exams/ tests grade take/do review for scored/got tested on failed retake do your best under that kind of pressure? 2 Speaking skills Do you agree with these statements in the speech bubbles about tests? Write A (agree). You find v "" ~~ \ about your strong and your weak points. decide who should continue in future studies or get a good job? o Tests gi ve you an idea of how you are progressing._1 and work harder on weak arCaS. c In pairs. So only tho theory on the day and how you now. Thai reminds me I have to go now. which really wasn't fair because \'\10 haven '.Unit12 Looking ahead lesson 1 Which exam? 1 Vocabulary: tests a Try to complete this cOllversat ion between two science students.t. Hey. b In class.en.

and ask students to write whether they agree or disagree with them. reading. you 're bolh right. Encourage lots oftalking. 2 Speaking skills Ask students to listen and read . where were we? Oh. Yep. Teacher Uh. too. you will be asked 10 complete comprehension questions. To show Iheir English is okay. we're going to look at Ihe Internel-based TOEFl. . how long is the lest? Teacher The 10101 examination lasts aboul lour hours . A very positive feature is Ihal you can toke notes throughout the test . now in Ihe reading seclion. Ihe lesl is in four sections. almost.S. and gel students 10 odd others. When did you losl take a test? What was if a lest on? How did you do? What sort aftest do you like to take? 00 you get nervous when you lake tests? Introduce the topic 1 Vocabulary: tests Ask students to fead the conversation quickly and guess which words afe missing. Now as most of you already know. .Objectives Vocabulary fests Topic: exams (the TOEFl) Reading on exam leaflet Ustening an informal tolk Speaking agreeing and disagreeing with statements Ask a few personalized questions to get students storied. so thaI's good news for testlakers. how many words? Teacher Good question -the lexls a re prelly long between 650 and 750 words. to do a class survey.one hour per section. Let them check in pairs and then work in pairs to check and complete Exercise 13 with the words in the box in Exercise l b. speaking. a . Okay. TOEFl is designed to tesl if non-native speakers ore ready to to ke courses in English-speaking colleges in Ihe U.. let's start wi th Ihe different sec tions of Ihe lest. Afterwards. For example.. Teacher Yes.. t'li begin with reading. Ihot kind of thing. Anybody remember whallhol is? Student A Sure! It's Ihal tesl lhat foreign sludenls take to show their English is okay.. Put students in pairs to discuss the questions in Exercise 2e. Teacher Right! Student B And you lake the lest online.. orticles you would find in an academic textbook or journot . righl? . lers go on looking ahead T 122 Unit 12 . Sa lers go on to the individual papers. you could use these questions. and writing. Student 0 What kind of passages are there? Teacher Well. 58~------------------------------------------------------. And one more thing. You could extend the closs discussion following exercises 2a and 2b by asking further questions: Additionol activity What do/can you do to prepare yourself for exams? What canldo you do to ovoid being too nervous or under too much pressure? If we don't take tests. Er. note suggestions. and each porl tesls one of the four skills: listening. how . Read Qut statements 1 to 4 in the speech bubbles on the page. Apart from the note laking. and find out how students really feel about exams... nole-taking will help you remember what you want to soy or wri te . First. Have a class discussion of the answers. You can complete il on the same day.test. So the passages ore typical of the kind of Ihing you would see if you were sludying in the Stoles. Are .remember. Student C Thanks. I want to begin the closs by lolking a lillie more about the Internet-based TOEFl. . of course. ask two or three individuals to summarize for the class what their partner told them. and shore their answers with the closs.. Student B Excuse me. yes. There's a g lossary. righl? Student C And there's also a . Ask students to interview each other. Now... okay for what? Student A To show their English is good enough to sludy in on American college. as you kn ow. who! other ways are there of deciding who should pass a course or graduate? What sort of tests work best? How can we make tests less pointless and more useful? Alternatively. all th e words thai may be difficult are explained for you. lers . one that you do on paper. are the texts long? . there's another very useful feature in this test. thars called a ' paper-based. Sa you have to wo rk quickly. you will be given three passages 10 read and.. Now. For Exer cise 4 on page 123 ':IiI Teacher Okay.

listening. it's really not. You have to pick the correct option. you have to understa nd whot he or she already said before.. 5 Independent questions ask t. anticipate .. . lell them to note them in pencil. how do you test thot I can predict? Teacher Wait a second. Ask students to read through the questions in Exe rcise 3b carefully. draw attention to the Glossary. Canada. remembe r this is 0 test to see how you would do in an academic environment. first in groups and then as a class. right? Students Yeah. lers go on 10 the listening section. uh. Then play the audio. okay? So if you were studying in an Ame rican college. You also have to be able to. Australia. predicting what speaker is going to say) Exercise 4c is an opportunity to have a question and answer session aboul the TOEFL exam. Student B But how do you tesllhat? I mean. let me give yo u a n example: lers soy. which wi ll be similar to those that you wil l hear in real academic s ituations.s. you'd have to go to lectures and toke notes. speaking 4 It mirrors the way English is lIsed for commwlicative purposes in the real world. Student C That sounds tricky. Student A And how many different listening tasks are the re? Teacher There ore two conversations and lour lectures. and predict wha t might be the answe rs. I'm just coming to thot. uh . Answers: 1 Non-native speakers o f English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment (colleges and universities) 2 4 3 Reading. Britain. Play the audio for Exercise 4b. the "real wo rld"? Teacher Well. let's say you've been asked to listen to a dia logue between a professor and a college student Now this is a situati on you might find yourself in. right Teacher So tha t is what I mean by -real world: Okay. to find out what students know about the TOEFL. They may know or guess some answers. writing. Then give them one minute to find answers to the questions in the tex\. Suggested answer: listening section: conversations and lectures.-Teacher Now.. Six. Lei them check their notes in pairs. ~~---------------------------------------------------------------------------------. and Australia.est-takers to talk about topics they are familiar with and can answer from personal knowledge and experience. But to fol low a conversation isn't always enough. If neccessary. yeah? So you must be able to fo llow a conversati on like this. 6 2 4 Listening ski lls Ask students to read the notes in Exercise 4a carefully. Their goal is to find cenoin specific information quickly. integrated questions requi.g. The oudioscript for Track 58 is on page T122 Pi. Unit 12 T 123 looking ahead . Scanning Set a shan time limit for e xercise 3b because this is a scanning task Students should scan through the text un til they find the answers. But they ore all the kind of thing you would nor ma lly hear if you were livi ng a nd studying in the U. so you are liste ning to the conversati on and th en it suddenly stops and you ore as ked what will come next . 4 lectures) based on: how things bappen in real world. using th e notes in exercise 48 as a model. 10 predict what Ihe speake r is going to soy next To do this. pa rticularly from the United States. They are based on how things happen in the real world. (real academic si tuations) range of native-speaker accen ts: US. Then have them read in detail. or other exams thai your students may be planning to take. Student C What do you mean. Britain. Okoy. We'll be looking 01the d ifferent sons of thi ngs you need to do in the exam so your students will be well prepared for the test So relax. (e. The record ings will include a range of nativespeake r accents. In the listening test you will hea r conversotions and lectures. Answers: 1 paragraph 1 2 paragraph 2 3 paragraph 2 4 paragraph 2 5 paragraph 3 6 paragraph 4 Ask students to skim the test to locate the answers in Exercise 3c. Britai n. If so.3 Reading skills For Exercise 3<1 . Canada.. Student C Does tha t mean six different liste ning tasks!? Teacher Yeah.you are given four opti ons. have a brief discussion. Ask students to take notes.!'e candidates to combine two or three skills. Ask students to listen and complete the noles. of course. Tasks: 6 (2 conversations. T eacher No. Let students check their answers with a partner before discussing them as a class. irll be okay.. uh.

Put simply. why not? Find other people in the class who would like to take the test and find out why. Testtakers speak into a microphone to record their answers. In the integrated task test-takers will be asked to read a short text and then listen to a college-level lecture on an academic topic before writing a response to what they have heard of 150225 words. The four integrated questions require candidates to use a combination of two or three skills. This time lake your own notes on what the leacher trainer says. Complete the notes taken by a teacher. What happens in the writing section? 4 ti' b Tho teacher trainer then ta lks about tho listening section of the test. What is the speaking section like? 3 c Think about everything you have learned about the TOEFL: would you tako it? If so. or academic needs. In groups . they may be asked to listen to part of a lecture and then record their answer. if? b Look through lho leaflet very qu ickly. In addition. the idea behind this is that the approach mirrors the way English is used for communicative purposes in the real world. Ustening. Please note that this test can also be taken in a paper-based form.750 wQrd~ Jte!p g<Ven <>L 6 glOssa ry - English language proficiency is tested in four separate sections: Reading. In which paragraph would you expect to find the answer 10 each question? Who is the exam for? How many parts are there in the test? What does TOEFL test? What is an illtegralod+skills approach to losting? 5 What is the difference between an independent and an integrated speaking tas k? 6 How many pioces of writing uro there? 1 2 3 4 c Read the leaflot carefully and answer the questions in Exercise 3b. isn'. The CST is the Computer Based TOEFL or Test of English as a Foreign Language. whether for professional. This is called an integrated-skills approach to testing. 5 - 650 . II's the exam YOII take when YOll lI'ont to study A brief introduction to the TOEFL CST What is the TOEFL CBT and what does it do? 1 at a college in the States. In addition. For example. why? If not . It is an English language proficiency test taken by non-native speakers of English who want to study in an English-speaking academic environment. Writing. In this section candidates are tested on their ability to communicate successfully in an academic environment. In this test the skills are not tested in isolation . The independent task requires testtakers to write approximately 300 words about a topic of which they have knowledge or personal experience.3 Reading skills a Vou are going to mad pari of a loaflet on the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL). The two independent questions ask testtakers to talk about topics they are familiar with and will be able to answer from their personal knowledge and experience . and Speaking.(engfh of feds. In the real world people almost always combine different skills when they communicate. It assists colleges and universities in admitting and then placing non-native speaking students within their courses.testtakers are required to combine different skills in order to complete different tasks. 4 Listening skills ~ a You arc going to listen to an Englisb teacher trainer talking to her teachers about the TOEFL. they may be asked to read a short text on a related subject and then record their answer. discuss anything you have heard about the exam. personal. What is tested and how is it tested? 2 . What is th e reading section like? 5 In this section test -takers are required to GLOSSARY pinpoint discover exactly whnt something is mirror (vb) reflect looking ohead Unil12 . They are required to answer two different In the writing section test-takers have to complete two pieces of written work: an independent and an integrated task. types of questions: independent and integrated. This helps English students and their teachers identify the particular skills they need to improve in order to be ready to lake an academic course in an English-speaking environment. Test-takers need to demonstrate not only that they know the content but also that they can organize it. the test-takers are given results which help them pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses.

or stay in a st udent dorm. Read the article more carefully and ta ke notes on the advice that you think is important fo r you. what SlOpS most students who would like to study abroad? 2 What possible solutions are there to these hurdles? 3 Woul d y ou like to study English abroad? If you could. Above all.On with English! 1 Vocabulary: further edu cation a Choose the correct word or words to comp lete the sentences. food.com Sports and sociaL program Studying English is not limited 10 the classroom.. Le.S" you will not be admitted to the country.. add accommodation. are required to have medical insurance.enough ~ to pay fay c Use the ideas above to tell your partner about your experience.someone to give help and advice to them. b Check the sentences that were true. travel to and from school and. We offer all of the services above and more. Add any extra ideas to your list. Do you want to be in a big school (500+ students) or a small one (under 50)? Do you want lessons that are formal or informal? Does the school offer a range of different classes so that you can pick and choose classes to meet your needs? Student Visa go to your local U. r r r GLOSSARY cross a h urd le deal with a problem so that you can go on to do something successfully be bro ke (informal) have no money do something 2417 (informal) do it all the time.S . The schooL So what should you look for? That depends on you. '!flake SUn> . Did yo u think the same information was important? d In class. If you have any further questions. What else do you need to do before you pack your bags? Visas If you arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. you certainly won'tY regret it. Greg Scott Director of Studies English @ San Francisco g. ~ 4 I'd like t get take a high grade on an examination ike the TOEFL. If you study at English@San Francisco. please e-mail I Money If you don't have a clear idea of what a course can cost. The teachers Personal qualities are very important in a teacher. go online and check out the fees of a number of schools.9 !J stud engi neering. So you've finally persuaded your parents or employer to let you go for a month to study English? Congratulations! That's the first hurdle crossed ." a""il' b Read the article below quickly to see how many of your ideas are mentioned. 5 If I arr&:Qc~erled ~ entered into a university in the U. ~"fJ . what would the benefits be? ha"tl!. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave.. Then compare your notes with a partner. are true now.I. Accommodation Why not stay WI th a host familv if you want to expenence Amencan home life? Ot herwise.S. Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few weeks. you must apply on arrival. Consulate or Embassy with a completed 1-20 Form along with your passport and an Affidayjt of financial Support Medical insurance All students studying in the U. of course. books. learn about different aspects of the United States. or could become t rue for y Oll . Don't go for the cheapest room if it means that you'll never meet anyone and get Counselors It is crucial that the school provides each student with a counselor . In addition. 6 I need to get goo rade notes in science subjects. the options are to rent your own apartment. seven days a weok Unit12 lOOking ahead . 7 I'm doing a career ~gf~i n biochemistry. 24 hours.S.time course@)t 0 11 history and work at the same time. c Imagine you are interested in studying English in the U./de . remember that it's important to stay somewhere where you will be happy. especially about personal problems. entertainment. On top of tuition and fees.scottoengllshatsanfranos(O. or hopes of further education.s. write a list of five things you need to think about before you go. and generally have a good time. Any good school will be happy to tell you about its teachers and their qualifications. 2 I'm hoping to pass into ~ntery graduate program.. 2 Reading skills a Imagine that you have the opportunity to study English in a college in the United States. 1 I'm planning I~I make a course in business admi~0?ation. To obtain an E1 depressed. Studying abroad is very exciting but it can be stressful as students cope with cultural changes and speak English 2417.(iiiaiO?>nsomething to do with man ement. plans. 1 In your coun try. In groups. discuss the following.! 3 I'd like 10 finish . 8 I'd like to take a parI. me. Good schools should offer th is facility. Good schools offer a wide range of optional activities to help you ma ke new friends. they should also be qualified to teach English.

. At the end. Remind students about the Glossary... ask students to read the article and check and add to their list. Ask students to read the article more closely for Exercise 2c and underline or write down information that is relevant to them.Objectives Grammar functions of conditionals Topic: further education and studying English abroad Vocabulary further education Reading a Web site ad. Ask other grou ps if they have anything interesting to add. Put students in pairs to talk about their further education plans. Let them check what they found in their groups. and pass them around. Ask Which language schools look interesting and why? Ask students whot they would look for in a language school abroad. 2 Reading skills Di vide students into groups of four or five to write their list for Exercise 2a . End this pari ofth e lesson with a discussion . asking the questions in Exercise 2d .. looking ahead T 124 Unil12 . Monitor and help with ideas. Let them compare in pairs. In Exercise 2b. What are you planning 10 do nexJ when you finish your currenl studies? Whol are your pions for continuing fa study and improve your English in the future? Ate you planning 10 take any courses in the near future fa improve your career or employment prospects? Introduce the topic If you con find any leoRets for longuage schools in lhe U. •• 1 Vocabulary: further education Ask students to choose the correct word in Exercise la . bring them inlo class. and then have a brief class discussion. Have a class discussion. Find out which students would like to study at the school in the article.s. then check answers with a partner. Have a brief class discussion of answers. or elsewhere. a Web page Writing a formal e-mail requesting information Speaking discussing further education Ask students a few personalized questioos. ask one group to read their list aloud.

After they have their original drafts back. Then have them check their answers with a partner and the Grammar Swnmary on page 130.T . Encourage readers to add any queslions they wish clarified or answered in the e-mail (in order to add more meaningful con tent) and also to write suggestions for improvement in pen. Ask a few students to read their sentences aloud to the class. you must apply on arrivaL If you study at English@SanFrancisco. write the following advice and useful 0 language on the board: Paragroph 1: Introduction I am in/eresled in attending . andlor warnings. . Presentation alternative If your students ore unclear about how 1 organize their e-mail. Suggested answl!l'S for situation 1: You have to get a visa if you want to st udy in my country. requirements.. Also tell them to use pencil to circle any mistakes they spot. and make sure they make note of the questions not answered. Unil12 T 125 Looking ahead . (warni ng) Give me a call if you wanl any advice about gelling a visa. Why not stay with a host family if you want to experience American home life? Watch what you spend if you don't want to be broke after a few wooks. ask students to write their e-maiJs.. (offer) When students have fi nished. youcertai nly won'! regret it. Elicit two or three different conditional sentences from the students and write them on the board. pool their ideas. 4 Writing skills Put students in pairs to write their list in Exercise 4a . Have students do Exercise 4c in groups of four. Final paragraph: Conclusion Thank you very much for . you won't be allowed enlry at Immigralion Control. Then put students in pai. I am writing to ask about .rs to write conditional sentences. suggestions. Uyau have any further questions.. I would like /0 find more information about . Ask pairs to exchange drafts. and write a poster with six pieces of a dvice. Could you let me know exadly . (advice) II you don't get a visa.S.• ~ 3 Grammar: functions of conditionals Ask students to do Exercise 3a . Ask them to choose one of the situations in exercise 3c. If you don't contract medical insurance before you leave. Divide Ute class into pairs for Exercise 4d . Then have them do Exercise 4b individually. Put the posters on the classroom walls for other students to read. Paragraph 2/3: Asking questions Could you please tell me . you will no t be admitted to the country. ask them to share their ideas with another pair in Exercise 3d . please e-mail me. I'm looking forward to hearing from you. Nominate one student to write.. Do the firs t situation in Exercise 3c as an example with the class. Answers: Advice An offer A requirement A promise A suggestion A warning !fyau arrive at Immigration Control without a visa to study in the U. Additional activity Divide students into groups of six to eight. Tell pairs to read the drafts carefully.

please e_mail us at I tooking ahead Unit 12 . .5. ex<lm preparation for the A first-class school. " '" om"r " raft e-maiL mahon into para f a IOn and e When you} g phs. p un/h. offering yOU the very best in language learning" En~ish 10Ef\-. u.l lh. b Check your answ ers w Ith the Gram on page 130 . . II I} an offer a requ irement n groups . A ".n.1Il 'scho~~erything r . Make a lisl of language you requYr:nf U.nO.On Welcome to . b Rd' rom a ea . in the text them with the f U ll the article (in . courses PiC from our wide range of cOurses including K for Business.. an( pass th e (Irart back. All aUf accommodation is within a 20_minute walK from the scnool. Write a lave II .I .. then join 8'1~is\"l us at Woodlandl f or fUrther informatiOn..". -:-_ _ __ _ " C iOn they serve ~ook a l the condif advice 4 Writing skill s a Imagine that you arc . language schOol Join one of the most popular schoolS in Boston.. 1 visas 2 lllg sItuations to hel 4 } med.000 foreign students a year.. \.nd ." a ang uage s h I urancc 3 BC . dynamiC lessons with native-speaKer teacners. -. the. servicing the educational needs of over 12.ud "" Summ"y ellt IS com' language.1 e ow . school to then pu i lli . Accommodation Choose the type of accommodatiOn that suits you beSt...' thin the 'ad vertisemenl b I ~... In lair mg t ~ your countr t study yo ur about the fo lIo ... We also have excellent sports facilities on the Woodland campus.. Match JO na! sentence .. g' '" yom 1i.S . you will ask for' f paIrs ..3 Grammar: f unctions f a 0 conditionals Italic). 5 6 d Read expen ence you } s to learn y r cu ture yo ur sentenc they agree with yo~~ ~~:~:other pair and see if m" \~ w~lte cOllditioll~ sCh~tenccs .. 1he gomg to stud . and En~'ISh for AcademiC puf?0S8S' leache tS lively. If you want to maKe real progress with )'our and have fUn at the 53me time..I. vertlsement th:~swere~ I~ Ie .:. h another pair fro~JllS ed.heck . 1 k covers. I~"he" ~~~HTIod"I.} .all the ~~:~~i~~~t~::~ise ?a. exchange vo Suggest imp'o your group to ell": k'lrr draft with f vements} "c or yo Write th e Ii Ilal e-mail. organize d e mfo. yom longuose '.. social program and sports activities 8'1jo)' our extensive prow-am from theater visits to a chance to see the famOUS soston Red Sox. V~~ . M k 00 at you ]" a promise a suggestion a warning d You af doaes~~1 ~~:~v~~..~ e gomg to wri ask your un Ie an e-mail \ the order questions.

" I". 2025 IDeo. discuss what predictions fo th you can make about the next 30 2 Listening skills year~ follow~ng~ work . (ftill lre pr.' In "".W of the population by 2035. Vacations: \vithin the ncxtL'lking 20 years. O • Space: wC W end of the centurY.-doped .lfuture perrect} O. if not all. w.. BUl it's not a\l year..S. ps..Which future? 1 Speaking skills a In pairs.AIDS will be by far doom and gloom. n pairs. most. . b. g Unlf12 Looking ahead . heart disease.il)' can lead to diabetes. mmenl IS doing nothing 4 ~hy will unemployment gel worse? e economy will continue to dete~ior~1 c I . 0 cr planets by the \'e \oun he on (fulure progrcssh'c) P • Population: B. b Compare your prodict ions with other pc I A you a pessimist or an optim ist? op e. Not surprisingly. with varying degrees of accuracy.rfcc _ ' ''ha d. . ~~~I~~n~a~~\et t hmcalth po~u lalion growth fa Ie vacatIOns a L'Isten and answer these questions 1 Wh o is the speaker? a politician fa ' 2 Who is he talking to? th r the People PI 3 I I ' evoters . . As long as you arc a will have heen de\'c1opcd that will ameliorate citizen and 35 years or older you are eligible. pt on page 148.. Baldness: Scientists at Cornell Univcrsil)' cxperimenting with a gene cal1ed SHl-l will Q.)k I d In prurs . . Porltin. some of the results arc so P • AIDS: In only a fcw years.oe"". '~ e In groll d' e sarno. Ie t'IOns are most important for prod' umamly 11\ general and why? 4 ~o~:~~~~~ the most terrifying predictions 2 Why will faccmasks be more there will be more 3 gave will pollution be worse? be cause th e Why ' . s Ie a pessimist or an optimist? a pessimist y WI I fuel be n major problem? b nuduar en ' . new drugs haYc a clone clausc. Cancer: Within th e next 25ycarS.l!u'u.r obably h3\'C found a cure for baldness by 2020.. r 01/ ' Future fact or future fantasy? ~idcmic Since time immemorial. .m Will hoY' o. the \\'Orld's population will havc IYaehed 10 billion.\'croge human being will have gained 2.However. pesslmlslic points and th' k r an optJmlsllc counter-argument ~or cae h pom! a I. compare your answers. ergy IS tuo dangerous fossil f I arc runmng oul . e. . ro c Now read the art icle below bo the a (OPlimisti:l p~iclions o~t. (future perfect) GLOSSARY harrowing extreme Iy WOrrylDg or upseuin ' ameliorate mab batlB . . ecause . Are thO)' th . scientifiC research is increasingly able to paint (future progressive} an accurate picture of how things will be in the not-too-distant future. il will ha\'c becom!:lful purfed} passive) possible for a clone to run for president of the USA-The U." d.51cilos. cancers and maybe even cure (fllturcJJI~rfl!c:t ~ some of them.\ c th '0 25% countries.ch p fCCrIctlOns do you think w'll b reahty and why? ocome 2 Which predictions might affect yo personally? U 3 h Which .~=::sti~~t~e". . the AIDS will be claiming a million liycs a harrowing that they make yOU wanllO stay in bed and hide under the covers. 2100. people have tried to predict the future.3 . By the year 2025. Constirution doc'Sn't O. Have a look at these the major killer in many African and Asian snapshots of furore lifc and iudge fN yourself..~r=!~d . P • Diet: Despite the advice of medical experts who consrandy point out that obd. 1 Whi. and high blood pressure. .. turn to the audioscri Underline all the .. (future lwrfecl) ure O . ISCllSS theso questions." U I becaus~ p~~~:~n? nemp oyment? New' b the time in the ~ervicj~n~~:}::s~. ' p ..el) fighting over purking spacc will haYe beCOme a serious source of social conflict by 2020.an d b aven't' look d ue S we renewable sources e at I hole the ido(/ of clonin but l' scientists will bu obi> I g I m pretty sure thai within the next deca~e~ c one a human being ~ b Listen agail I an d Mlswor these (IUesf 1 Wh 'I IOns. vacations People will be 15 to space plO' Cloning: l3y 2035..-r. (future pl)rfect) p • Worlc Un<mploym.

Ask students how they think these things will be different in the future. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. you may invite them to post their speeches on the wall for other students to read. Ask two or three confiden t students to present their speech to the closs. NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this. as a result. Ask students jf they agree or disagree with them. it will rain ACID . very dark. ask one student from each group to summarize what the group said.full. Ask students to read the article . . And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Focemasks facemosks will have become common in towns and cities. Imagine in ten years. wind. Ask students to prepore on -optimistic· political speech in opposition to the speech of the politician on the recording. Let students check their answers in pairs.. But what is the present government doing? In a word. so much traffic. snapshots 101 future life) = brief but reveoling pictures/images/insights 2 Listening skills Play the audio for Exercise 2a . 1 Speaking skills Ask students to work in pairs to discuss their predictions in Exercise la . and tidal power. I think we will be mining and building factories in ouler space.Objectives Grammar Topic: life in the future Pronunciation echo questions Reading a newspaper article listening a politician's speech Speaking making and discussing predictions fulure progressive and future perfect Write three or four of your own predictions for the future on the board.. Looking ahead T 126 Unit12 . and then check in pairs. for more shy students. Imagine . vote for. You may wish 10 check the following expressions: since lime immemorial = dating bock to a point long ago in time • Vocabulary Irs not all doom and gloom". T. tf pollution continues to increase. Suggestions: In1roduce the topic I think Chino will become the richesl and most powerful country in the world. II may look like the answer in the short term.. I'm talking about your street. and say who in their group is optimistic and pessimistic. my friends! Just imagine. There will simply not be enough space to park your cor. that parking will have become a major prablem. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to burn fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie. I think mos/large animals will become extinct. vote for us. and the way things are going. End this part of the lesson by asking students to discuss the questions in Exercise 1e in groups of four or five.a vote for the People Party. We need to look at clean. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. our towns and citieS will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. ~ ~ ~ Additional activity So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. The economy will conlinue to deteriorate and. renewable energy sources like solar. Ask students to work in pairs to underline the pessimistic points of the speech in the audioscript on page 148 and think up and write optimistic counter-arguments. We'll be living in a world where when it rains. sadly. Ask students to listen and answer the questions in Exercise 2b.. our future looks dark. Play the audio again. a world where every living person wears a face mask. You see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemosk today. acid rain. Parking places on the street . our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels. Afterwards . Alternatively. Then put them in groups to share their ideas. Ask students to listen and answer the questions. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lock of clear policy on genetically modified food. your city. everyday problem. your town. perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy . So on Thursday. Public and private parking lotsfull! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock.. Already gridlock is a common. mark the predictions. Irs not all depressing news. I'm talking about your world! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic. butthafs not the norm. ladies and genllemon. but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the heolth of our people? And thars not all. much of our food will soon be genetically modified. we will have run out of them within 0 couple of generations.

Ask students to complete the article in Exercise 3e. Ask students to listen and answer the question. 50% of the world's workforce will be working from home! Carol Will be working from home? 4 Peter This is incredible. within two generations the average life span of a person will have increased by 20 years! Carol Will have increased by 20 years? 6 Peter And listen to this one: Within 50 years.1> @ Qu. Peter 11 says here: -By 2100.. AHow two or three minutes for students to think ofthings to say for Exercise 5b. Ask stud ents to listen and respond. listen to this: -In a few years. here. By 2030. To soy these e<:ho questions corre<:lIy. the water level will have risen by 50 centimeters! Carol Will have risen by 50 centimeters? 5 Peter Can this be true? It says. play the audio again.~------------.t . the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! Carol is sW"prised.it is an echo question . If students don't d o this very well the lirst lime. However. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year! A million? Oaiming a million lives a year? Will be claiming a million lives a year? Unit 12 T 127 Looking ahead . \o:. opting for simpler forms. Play the audio for Exercise 4d. Point out the form of the two lenses. perlect 3 Grammar: future progressive and future perfect Have students check answers to Exercise 3a in pairs. ffi Quick grammar guide: future progressive and futu". the world·s population wHi halle reached 10 billion: Carol Will have reached 10 billion? Peter Yes. then leI it rise. T hen replay and pause the recording afte r each stateme n t. Usten to this: -In a few years. The main problem is that students lend 10 oyoid using them.ck prononciation 4 Pronunciation: echo questions Play the audio for Exercise 4a. 6l~--------------------------------. Answers: The predictions: By 2100. When they are ready. Ask two or three individuals to repeat. Common errors Overusing simple present instead of more complex future forms. The future progressive (will + be+ present participle] and the fu ture perfect I will + have + past participlel both have complex forms. Play the audio for Exercise 4c. the world's populalion will have reached 10 billion. Discuss the questions as a class. Use Exercise 3b to check that students can recognize the form. the blue whole will have died ouI! Carol Will have died aut? 3 Peter Oh. Have students repeat in unison. 1 Peter This is horrific. guide @ •• 5 Speaking skills Put students in pairs to put the lime expressions in Exercise 5a in the chart. play the recording again . For Exercise 4b. Let students listen to the audio o nce. Ht . fall a little. She isn't asking a question . In 2030. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lives a year? 2 Peter I don't believe this! It says within 50 years. they should not be too tricky. and let students shout out an echo question. the AIDS epidemic will be claiming a million lives a year!Carol Will be claiming a million lilies a year? Peter Yes. and listen to this: By 2030. and rise again 01 the end. She doesn't believe it. the world's population will halle reached 10 billion! 10 billion? Have reached 10 billion? Will have reached 10 billion? In a fll'N years. 10 billion! Peter This is horrific. ask them to take turns making predictions. which. pause. People will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods! Ca rol Will be traveling in robot vehicles on sky roods? ~' - By 2100. particularly in controlled silualions. Let them check answers in pairs. Do Exercise 3d as a brief class discussion. since mony languages hove comparable forms and uses. paying aUention to the intonation patterns they hear. terrible. Then play each statement. lIn a few years. isn't it. expresses sW"prise. streets will disappear in cities. students need to star! with their intonation high (and disbelieving!). I M in Q beautiful house. Do the first statemen t as a class to get students started.

make some crazy predictions about some of these aspects of the future. I wjll /Jove graduated. and do our shopping will be close at hand. Most homes 6 will have a lso installed (also install) a basem ent fuel unit. carcinogens 8 will have di sappeared (disappear) from food produced in this way. fo r personal predictions. computers entertainment money the world water food b Read through the predictions in the text in Exercise t again. e In pairs. With in the nex t two years. make predictions about your personal fu ture and the fu ture of your country. many of us 1 will he living (live) in neighborhoods where the air is clean and where places to wo rk. the world's population will have question? reached 10 billion. looking ahead Uni! 12 . Which are in the fu ture perfec t 5 Speaking skills and which are in the fu ture progressive? 11 We can use the future perfect and future c Complete the fo llowing article about the fu ture. progressive for prodictions in the near future and Use the future perfect or the future progressive. many people 7 will be G rowing (grow) food in their backyards or buying it from nearby organic far ms. III fact. Use these topics. @ d Now listen to six things Peter says and respond with an echo question. I'll be working ill my father's company. c An optimistic future By the year 2025. What are the two predictions? a Match these predictions from the article with the descriptions that follow. In only a few years. We 5 will be geUing (get) some energy from windmills but much of it will be generated in our own homes by rooftop solar panels. comp leted before a definite time or event in the future. (work) from 2 will be working home. Those who have to go out to work 3 will he using (use) clean hydrogen-powered transportatio n that will produce little or no pollution. d Which areas of the article do you agree with? Which areas do you disagree with? Which view of the future do you feel is more realistic: the view stated in the listening or the one in the text above? by tilen within a month before December within a generation this time next week before the government changes by next June by next summer by 2010 Near future by Saturday this time tomorrow next month Distant futu re in 20 years wilhin the next 20 years wiLhin a generation by then within a month before December this time nexl week by 2010 by then before the government changes before the government changes by next June hy next summer h In pairs.3 Grammar: future progressive and fu ture perfect 4 Pronunciation : echo questions ~ a Listen to Peter and Carol discussing an article about the future. the A IDS epidemic will be ~ c Listen and repeat what Carol says. and respond to each b Th is tense is used for activities that will be other with echo questions. education work population the economy traffic potlution travel By 2010. play. ~ b Listen agai n. People 4 will he returning (return) to riding bicycles because of the increased awareness of the effects of pollution and the importance of regular exercise. What is Carol's reaction to tile predictions? Is Carol reaUy asking Peter a 1 By 21 00. In order to avoid chemicals. clai ming a million lives a year. This tense is used for activities that will be in progress at a particular time in the future. which will produce hydrogen to be used on days when there is no sunshine. Look at the time expressions commonly used with these tenses and add them to the chart below. Since these far ms will employ natural forms of pest control. Many people.

The questions are given to the team by the referee or "Quizmaster". The team can discuss the question together and when they decide on the answer they wish to give. The only cxC{)ption to the correct answer . Only the secretary can give the answer. If another member of the team says their answer before the secretary. The Quizmaster is not pari of a learn. Sports. The game is played in two teams of three or four players. backward or staying where you are. Words.one space forward· rule is when you land on the "wild card". People. they tell the team secretary. Unil12 looking ohead . the team is penalized and has to move back one space. There can be 8S many pairs of teams as needed. It is also the job oftho Quizmaster to control the two teams the same as a referee does in a soccer game.f h game This is a team game and the aim is to be the first team to cross the finish line. This type of card is unpredictable and may result in you moving forward. General knowledge. Science. You move forward one space at a time by correctly answering questions on seven different topics. Each pair oftoams has a Quizmaster whoso job it is to read tile questions to each learn and to keep scoro. Grammar. and Entertainment.

Tell students to form groups. The secret of success is to manage the activity carefully. Finally. 4. and reviewing some language al the end of the course. 2. Tell them to join the teams. 1. Work out in advance how you are going to organize the classroom.Objectives Grammar Topic: end-ol-year quiz Reading instructions language and conlent U5tening a quiz Speaking an end-af-year quiz of Student's Book The aim of this activity is to provide a fun.) Set a time limit for the quiz. 3. 4. 2.3. Tell groups 1 and 2 to sit facing each other around one of the quiz boards on the left·hand side of the class. Tell them that they are going to take a quiz and that they have to choose a secretary . 3. Go over any questions about the rules before getting started. 1. 5.4. For example.one person who will write down the group's answer for each question. and one of two students. You can find the quiz cards on page 1'129. and be sure you prepare enough photocopies of the quiz cards for your students in advance of the game. 3. answering any questions they may have. 4. they have to start asking questions. (These should have been photocopied and cut out in advance. Once they have tossed a coin to decide which teams starts. 2. give the quizmasters the quiz cards. Read through the task first to make sure you really understand it. if you have 18 students.2. and tell groups 3 and 4 to sit facing around a board on the right-hand side. a good way to start is to give every student a number by counting and pointing at students like this: 1. 1. Tell students to read the rules of the game carefully. and walk around the class as students play. light-hearted way of practicing spoken English. lookingoheod T 128 Unit 12 . 5. You should have four grou ps of four.

(ANSWER: Climate change will forte some species of birds to migrate.S) (ANSWER: Number 1 is football. l'YE'ry. (ANSWER: in a). use the future progresSIVe in one and the future perlect In the other. Judo. Possible answer: 1"1/ call you evory day if you IOTllllmo 10. (ANSWER: The Greenhouso Effect) 6 What is the name of the unit used for measuring temperature? (ANSWER: a degree) 7 Can you give me the chemical formula for watef? (ANSWER: HP) 8 What IS the name lor the complete set of genes in a living thll"lg? (ANSWER: The genome) 9 Name at ledst three of the possible efferu of dirnate change.Quiz cards Grammar Change the word but in this sentence Wlthout changing the meaning of the sentence. (ANSWER: the long jump. T hey are unhappy although/even though \hey are rich. however.) Is thIS true or false J A noun d. all (the). [ got up early in order to catch the bus. b) If I got the job. ) 10 Which sport did Sebastian Cae excel In? (ANSWER: distance runlllng) More Quiz cards ore on on page T260 !II Unil1 2 T 129 l ookingaheod _bIe C E<iIori(JI Moo:miIon de ~o.:Iuse can be the subject or the object of II senterx:e. many of whom are Hindus. (ANSWER: heart disease. man).. the discus.. however. General knowledge Where did Ca~ra come from originally? (ANSWER: Africa) 2 Which insect can Jump 100 centimeters? (ANSWER: a flea) 3 Who wrote A Hundred Years of Solitude? (ANSWER: Gabriel Garcia Marquez) 4 Which (feature can lift 50 times its own weight? (ANSWER: an ant) 5 Name the country in Asia which consists of four large islands. sprinting. the high jump. (There are many possibilities here.) Imagine you heard this sentence on the news and you want to report It back to me.) In wtlich of these two sentences is the event more likely to happen? a) If I get the job. hardly any. The woOd"s populatIOn will grow to eight billion by 2020.. they lifO unhappy. Friends of the Earth) 8 Wha t is the world's population? (ANSWER: six billion) 9 Can you give me the names of three of the biggest ki llers in the deveklped world? For example. The only way to pass the exam is to study.) Name five different quantifier. (ANSWER: St udy ing is the only way to pass tlle exam. (ANSWER: Indial 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 (ANSWER: [ got up early so as to catch the bus. (ANSWER: both. water resources will increase or decrease: there will be more floods IlIld drough t. SA de C. Make himlher a promISe. severn!. distance running) 7 INhat is the modern in ternatIOnal sportll1g competitIOn In which people of all nationalities compete in varIOUS sports? (ANSWER: Olympic Games) 8 In which sport do pjayers "slam dunk"? (ANSWER: basketball) 9 Can you give me the first and se<:ond most popular spectator sports in the U. There will. I got up early to catch the bus. hurdles. nono of the . There will be heat WIiVes and Illore air pollution. no. Number 2 is baseball. neithe r of the.. which in turn will cause infectiolls diseases to spread. Alt ho ugh/Though/Evon tho llgh thoy oro rich. Moderate warming will fa. the javelin. (ANSWER: Tho nowscaster said (that) the werld's population would grow to eight billion by 2020. and cancer) 10 Name the country that has a population of about 1 billion people. J Change the word to in this sentence without changing the meaning of the sen tence. for example. vinlses like influenza ami AIDS. thoy are unha ppy. every. (Ma ny possibilities here. Sea levels will rise in some constal areas. or an illegal substance that afferu people mentally or physically when they take it? (ANSWER: a dmg) 5 Name the process in wtlich heat is unable to escape from the atmosphere and causes the tempera ture of the eanh to nse.V 2006 . each. I'd buy a cell phone. tae kwon do. Begin it by using II form of the verb study.) Rephrase this sentence. II lot of. (ANSWER: true. either. They have to be logical. howc\'er. (a) few. be some benefits. but the sentences have to be "predictions" and they also have to make sense!) Science What is the everyday term for the chemical formula CO/ (ANSWER: carbon dioxide) 2 What does 'GM' stand for In "GM foods "? (ANSWER: Genetically Modified) 3 What percentage of our body weight is water? (ANSWER: 60%) 4 What am I describing: A substance that a doctor prescribes to cure people of an illness..) 10 HooN much of the earth's surface IS coYef!'d by water? (ANSWER: 70%) ' spons Where and when did karate start? (ANSWER: Japan.·or some fanners. too.) Make two predictions about the future. 1"11 buy a cell phone. They are rich BUT unhappy.) 5 What is the name of the international sports comp!?tition wtlere teams from around the world compete for the title of the best soccer team? (ANSWER: World Cup) 6 Name five trad and field spoIlS. some. (ANS WER: They are rich. II quarter f two. (ANSWER: Japan) 6 What does IQ stand for? (ANSWER: Inte lligence Quotient) 7 Name one International e<oIoglcal organization? (ANSWER: Greenpeace. capoeira. Start : The newscaster. In the 17th century) 2 What is Muhammed Ali's daughter's name? (ANSWER: leila) 3 What does the INOfd karate mean? (ANSWER: empty hilnd) 4 Can you name three different martial arts? (ANSWER: karate. the hammer. (a) li n Ie.thirds or. II great/good deal of. half (01). II"s the first conditional. strokes.) Your boy/girlfriend is leaving to study in Canada for two months.

5 The other team star1s. You slar!. I Tails. If the team answers correctly.JllastCr: . they stay where they are and wart until it is their turn again. Quizmaster5. sa heads or '011 5. 6 7 8 9 10 secretary. Quizmasters. you Y teams. If the teams finish befOfe others in their class.The Rules of the Game 1 Decide how many pairs of teams will play. The other team is nO'N asked a question. read a question from the categOl)'. yO ll lose. Cootinue until the game is finished . then check it to shaoN that it has been used. . When you toSS a com. they move forward. If the answer is incorrect. looking ahead . Your teacher will give you the questions. toss a coin to see which team starts. 3 Move into your teams and select a team 4 A. join your teams. Qui l. they should 'MlI'k in their teams and WTlte some more questions to ask the opposite team. you \I'm. . Heads. Quizmasters. Heads. 2 Select one Quizmaster for ~ pair of USEFUL LANGUAGE .

I hope. I'H have finished the dishes in five minutes. 2 I don't think I will ever §e.~e/! on my last malh test. I 9 will have sl!lilll. Don'/ caRJlffllhis evening . (go) for lOts of country walks. I 4 will be sla)'illa (stay) WIth he( and her husband in the country. got good grades 4 She eel6:R88 excellent grades on the exam.. graduAte 6 1he exam M Next Sunday. try joining dubs or a gym.he'll be watching the bg game. the a novel we hadn't was unfcur . Offers Contact me if you need clarification on any of these points. Warnings If you don't tell me what the problem is. By the end of my stay... be accepted to identity. you must provide proof of major in artIhiSlory be accepted to a cotlege or university do a degree in biochemistry/modern languages take a course in history Replace the words in italic with a word or phrase from the two lists above.jllJ. I Ihink it's very diffICUlt 10 eH#eF Harvard. These are often based on the loon of the rll'St conditionaJ (see Unit 4). In two weeks /he politiCians win completely different. We often use the prepositions by and before with the future perfect 1'/1 have sent the report to you by/before Friday. Promises /'11 be very careful If you Jet me use the car lomght. Julia will have completed her course 8 I liitlfl'f j8688 my driving test so now I have to 96 it ageiR.. gol 5 I expect to flAeM IH)' eefle§8 68tff68 in electronics next year.' H+. but sometimes use modal verbs and imperatives in the main clause instead of Vt1II\'VOf'I't.LANGUAGE RESOURCE Grammar Summary 1 Functions of conditionals Vocabulary Summary 1 Tests passltail a tesVexam get goodIbad lake/retake We often use conditionals to express functJons su:h as advice and promises. be arguiflg about something Complete the paragraph with the future progressive or future perfect of the verbs in parentheses. 15 will he slo)'j!l~ (stay) with them for a week and we 6 will II!: goine. scorestgrades be tested on a topic/subject a lesVexam review /0( a tesVexam 2 Further education lake a course - Suggestfons Why not travel by train if you want 10 enter a graduate program see more of /he countryside? Requirements If you want /0 open 8 bank account.r ill~ computing at COllege now. 12 wjll have arrjved (arrive) in London. My sister 3 will be Wilj1jll~ (wait) for me. (do) a 101 of shoppng and going to shQv. failed In physiOtherapy by June. I 8 will he dQjna:. This tllne tomorrow I 1 will he O). \lVhile I'm in England..we hB~ /19 eil8l.. M ake any changes necessary. We oftefl use the tIme expressions in X weekslmonthslyears and within (Ihe next) X weel<slmonthslyears with the Mure progre5SlVe: People wiD be traveling in fuel efficient cars within the next ten years. were tested on We use the future perlect to talk about a situation Of an actoo that win be completed by or befOff! a specific time in the future: 7 Harry 13 310d. (spend) a lot of money but r 10 will haVe seen (see) a lot of great shows. I'H be lying on beach in Rio. By two o'ckx:k.. I can't help you.<6~ ItIs English exam. (tIy1 to England. so I'll take some pictures for you. is taking relake it Wail for me. Here are some convnon fooctions of !irs! condillOl"\als: Advice If you want /0 moot new people. The fdlowing wool< t 7 will be stayjng (stay) in a hotel in london.Is. . ruture perfect: wllVwon'r + have + past participle They'll have demolished the building by the rime you arrive. pass 2 Future progressive and future perfect Use We use the future progressNe to talk about a situation 01" an action thai will be in progress at a definite time in the Mure: 3 1 EA~ 19th'. Unil12 looking ahead . Fo= future progressive: wilVwon'r + be + -ing verb We 'll be wsitlng at the end of the pia/form when your train arrives.ef~I!!l1>8I!!I sludied.

impreve the student's answer by correcting the mistakes.organized and does the w riting flow smoothly? /5 /5 InlemalionallV magazine • What is your favorite show on TV? • Why do you like it? We are looking for short artictes answering these 5 6 Style: Hew appropriate is the style for the context? I.one year! Total score for Question 1 Scoring system 5 "" ex. I ek at the new vocabulary entries you have made c Since Unit 11. Write your article for the International TV magazine (150-1S0 words). I a In groups. Talk about any new techniques you have tried. ~ 0:::: ::) Section 3: Writing You have 60 minutes to complete this section. good Eng. There is one mistake in the order. That is true but yeu need test-taking strategies. Use the examiners' criteria and the scoring system tc give the student's work a final score.C) z - The writing part of an exam 1 Looking at an exam question Read this exam question.k ~ ''fi a>Ui ' usually bqp >VK1y fad /axi5. o >o u. too. How easy would it be for you to answer this question? ~<J<I REVIEW ReVj~w your action ptan: working with vocabulary - t~ I~ pairs.TV t 2 ~ake a list of differences between writing a timed essay and . 3 Organize your notes into paragraphs. The best three will be published in January's edition of International TV magazine. _1J1q."/UOlt on. I he I-. 6 Allow time te proofread your final essay. Can you lind it? 1 Read the question very carefully. b Look at the answer more carefully.e "¥.lish. 4 Having a strategy j wrJ. 1 Have yeu ever written a timed essay in yeur language or in English? q:.e to w an op. too infermal. 4 Write a draft using complete sentences. tk . I i:eLeYl/nq tius and -me fdvre j trof.one witheut a time limit. Has the question been completely answered? Do you think this would pass or fall? Why? 3 Editing the sample In pairs.cellent 4 := very good 1 = poor 0 := ve ry poor 3 == good 2 '" borderline /5 130 2 Examining a sample answer a Read this lest-laker's answer. good time management IS essential. til£. which are underlined.J o Q. a.huns e:ve:ry#u:1/. when? b Many people think that passing an English test only requires.e. ! . 7 Write your essay again. !la-nue OUWY5 shylY. ACTION PLAN I> Your action plan: werking w ith vocabulary Put yeur strategies into action! Write your answer te the exam question in Exercise 1.t ~US':' . Successful entrants will receive a free subscription to the magazine fer .-_~"''tt-"t""".fl Ln a wry !A-mp'. {/a-nue b!:. Criteria 1 Content: hew fully did the candidate answer the question? Score for this work Question 1 Imagine you have just seen the following advertisement for an international TV magazine. Having a structure for approaching writing is crucial._"locc="'lL'::~_ _1 """"c'.. /5 -' 2 3 4 Accuracy: how accurate is the grammar and vocabulary? Variety: how varied is the grammar and vocabulary? Organizatien: How clear is the text? Are ideas logically . as well.J > u. "J l . 3 Will you ever have to write a timed essay in English in the future? If yes. Look at these seven recommended steps. or jusl right? Reader: Hew easy would it be for the reader te understand what the writer says? /5 /5 questions. is it too formal. As tests are timed.s a 2 Make notes that answer the question..ed aJ. 5 Revise your first draft. looking ohead Unit 12 . You may make notes and write drafts on the paper provided.a. discuss these questiens. Write your final answer neatly in the test booklet.

over 90% of it is new. or d to fill in the blanks in the article on the right. 4 A Is all ofthe equipment in the computer room new? B No. J a warmmg 5 _ _ __ b .y 2. right? b Complete the second sentence so that it mea ns tbe same as the firs t one. b. Whole cities 2 action IS not taken opinion is dividcd~n th ffithreatened.33% of the property. c 5 Try linding a cheaper apartment a a b c d e if you want to save money. everyone all both hardly any a little a few several two thirds half 1 A OK. ruverslty of Maryland climate change 4 e action SOOn." she said. The Water I~~el has been [lsmg in coastal areas and if .'I'm thinking about what you said. b 4 If you want to joi n the swimming club. 1 Give me a call e 2 If you lend me five dollars.5 degrees. The effects of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 1 WOrse and worse and if nothing is done they will COntinu: to have a damaging effect ~n the quality of life. I'll pay you back tomorrow. c. bul most of it is. you have 10 be at least 12 years old. ' ~fessor Greenmore of the U· . d 3 If you take that without asking her. 1 a gOI b were gettin." she sa id. said that if we didn't tak . H owever' One farmer told us that h~ e ects of climate change. th at hardly any of the students came. . IS crops had benefited from Experts predict that b temperatures 3 end of the cenrury P . please.a Fill in the blanks using an appropriate expression of quantity. which ofthese shirts would you like? B I need more shirts so I'll take bothlalVeyetJ one of them. (ought) The government requires that more money ought to be spent on p ublic health care 3 "I have no idea who the murderer is. 2 A Do you usc any salt in your cooking? B JUSI enough to give the food a little more flavor. hadn't been invenrcd Slog ~at If r.t. (claim) She claimed to havelthat she had no idea who the murderer was . 4 . 5 II's the weather I like most ahout Greece. a . sir. if you need my help. Furthermore. the effects of long-term effect Could be accelerate and the Professor Greenmore sa~atastro~hic. to be precise. c get @)lave been getting 2 a might have been (JYwill be c have d have been 3 a are increasing @ vi\l have increased c will be increasing d increase 4 a would have b may @ vould d will 5 a will never be b had never been beard @ vould never have hoon d won't be Global warming or global warning'f d Match the two halves to make complete and logical sentences . In some cases. (told) She told me that sbe was thinking about what lsaid . Yes. two answers may be possible. 1 You have to wear a he lmet at all times on the building site (worn) A helmet must be worn at all times on the building site. B And the other two Ibirds are equally divided between your brother and sister. she'll be angry. the increase in rain. (thing) Tbe weather is tbe tbinl that 1 like most about Greece c Choose the correct answer. 2 It is a requirement of the government to spend more money on public health care. 3 A Why are there so few students at school today? B There was so much snow. 5 A When my mom died she len me 33. Use the words in pa rentheses.he automobile heard of.

did getting into pass good grade fa il a test degree in retake reviewing for I had a hard time 1 . scientists will have found life on Mars. moves past Wilson and shoots.. we will have finished the house. Janssen passes the ba ll but Makelele intercepts.. the news A long pass . 2 The genome is a someone who is very intelligenl. (finish) future perfect 2 This time noxt year. OK . thell they must ~ consider the fact that GM foods are resistant e 10) to insects and if we J}JIe" change 10 GM foods in twenty years. Our repo rtor. I did a four.degreeJn chemistry and after that 15 djd a Master's and specialized in petroch emicals. c a substance that makes plants grow. I have watched enough TV ror today. Many I)f'scien1ists argue that GM food should be 3) adopted as th e onl y so lution to the problem of feeding the world.getting into college. ___ _ h Choose the best definition of the following words..lI1 t lo watch the midnight movie.® mmething placed in a person. Complete the text with a word or words from the box. 5 A flood is a a period of exlreme dryness. tal k show current affairs documentary dra ma movie music program q u iz show reality TV s itcom soap opera s ports show the news va riety show 1 2 3 4 Harry. G!\'I Foods: a possibl e solution? 1) Genetically modified food has become a conlroversial subject 21 in recent yea rs. b water used to make plants grow.he complete set of genes in a living thing. this question is for you. ~} large amount of water that suddenly covers an area. (li).1roline! I love you! And whal about the ch ildren? soap opera Both teams now have 12 points.e Choose the best hmse from the list below to complete the sentences. C. ® Which kind orTV show do these lines come from? Choose from the list orTV shows in the box. or plant. _ _ 5 A carton of: ___ .. Diane Case has this . Team B. (live) future p rogressive 3 In ten years.. But yo u can 't leave me. 4 A bottle of: _ _ . 11) pesticides could become a thing of the past.year 4 . When did . c something you feed animals. 4 Crops aro a food for nnimal s. _ __ 3 A jar of. famine wil! increase. we will be Jjying in our new house.. . future perfect future progressive present perfect present perfect progressiv~ 1 By March. so I'm goi ng to bcd. I've been working with a petrochemical company ever s ince then. Not all the words are used. II 's a goal! What a goall The goalkeeper didn 't stand a chance. I spent all summer 3 reviewing for the exams while my friends were out having fun. c m eat and vegetables. I used to sing and da nce fo r guests w hen they . ! failed my final high schoo l exams.<!!»lants that are grown for food. (watch) present per fect 5 1'111 exhallsted. But I passed them and tlnally entered the uni versity that fall . c th e history of a fami ly. If 7) The oplion of GM food should . Use the verb in parentheses. (find) future perfect 4 I dou' t w..6 be taken seriously by environmcntal /C 8) orga nizHtions. animnl. b a medicine given to animals. quiz show News has just come in abou t the conti n uing civil war in Zalibad . 1 A pesticide is chemi cal used to kill insects. :J An implant is a something YO ll pu l in the ground . If they are reall y opposed to the use of pesticides in 9) fa rming. so Illfld to 2 retake them. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which s hould not be there. Check (v) the correct lines and cross ()O those where there is an extra word. If we do not accept GM foods... _ K5) Scientists predict that it will have ~ doubled by Ihe end of the 6) 2'lst century. I have_been working all day non-stop.1. (work) present perfect progressive f Read the text below and look carefully at each line. _ _ ' _ _ _ 2 A can of: . 1 A bagof. 4) whOSE) population has been \1I«f increasing at alarming rates. Environmental organizutions 12) say that GM foods should not jd' be imposed un til we know mo re about the dangers. sports show 5 Host: And when did you know yo u wanled to be an aclress? talk show Actress: Since I was about six . ___ ' ___ . g Think ortwo words that are ofte n used with the following containers.

------"Everything has its beauty . Here are a famous American person and place which many people consider to be beautiful.. 2 Listening for gist ~ Read the questions and then listen to the song.1' 2 What kinds of problems does the song refer to? a global b fam ilyGPersonal 3 What is the overall tone of the song? @ ptimistic b neutral c pessimistic Song 1 Beautiful .Beautiful by Christina Aguilera ... J) but not everyone sees U Confucius 1 Getting started a Work in groups. Do you think they 're beautiful? Why / Why not? b Choose three people or places from your country and tell your group why you think they are the most beautiful. Which is the most appropriate answer to these questions? 1 Where is the beauty the singer describes in the song? Q nside ourselves b in the world around us c nowbere to he found .

. I am beautiful 4 no mailer wh at they say Words can't bring me down . Beautiful Don't look at me Every day is so 1 wonderful then suddenly. to be consumed in all your doom to feel thaI your situation is so terrible thai you can only feel negative about everything. breathe shine 'Cause we are beautiful 13 no mailer what they say Yes. Z There is an expression in English: Slicks and stones con breok your bones but words can never hurt YOII.. words won'l bring us down.. So 6 don't vou bring me down today To all your friends. 'Cause you are beautiful 10 in every s ingle way Yes. no matter what we say. to bring someone down to depress someone. We are beautiful 14 no mailer what they sa y Yes. oh. Trying hard to fill the 8 emptiness . Instruments Beautiful . no. So 15 don 't you brillg me clown today . the piece is gone. what don't you like about it? Use the ideas on the right to help you. to be delirious 10 think or talk in a confused way because you are menIally or p hysically ill. and six arc repealed. no. words can't bring me down. discuss these questions. 1 What is the song ahout? Z Why does the subject pronoun change from ''I'' in the first verse and chorus to "you" in the second verse and chorus and then to "we" in the iast verse and chorus? GLOSSARY wonhIlyria sI"_'' ""'" 4 Finishing off Discuss those questions. words can't bring us down.. it's hard to 2 Now and then I get 3 insecure from all the pain. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And evel)"'Nhere we go the sun will always 12 But tomorrow will find a way on the other side..3 Listening for deta il ~ a Lislen and complete the song lyrics. I am beautiful 5 in every single way Yes. left the puzzle undone. So 11 d on'l yoy bring me down today No matter what we do. what is it you like? lfnot. Is that the way it is? You are beautiful 9 no mailer what they say Words can't bring you down. How much do you agree with this? Can you think of any occasions when words havo hurt you or someone you know? . I'm so ashamed. oh ... b In groups. you're 7 delirious So consumed in all your doom. Nole that the expressions in numoors four. words can't bring you down.. oh no. five. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. no. oh.

Ask and answer the other questions if you want to. while two others. Monica. Think about what you can say about the friends you've chosen. two of the characters. But one thing that is constant throughout is their friendship. Read the questions and pick four that you'd like to talk about. there wi ll always be someone 8 tbere for them. Monica and Chandler. The other characters have jobs ranging from massage therapist to soap opera actor. their relationships have their ups and 3 downs • From time to time. or both? 3 Do you have a different relationship with your male and fema le fri ends? 4 How did you meet them? 5 What do you have in common with your friends? 6 Where do you usually hang out? 7 Have you ever really fallen out with any of your fri ends? 8 What kinds of things have you had fi ghts about? 9 How did you manage to make up with them? 10 Have you ever dated any of your fri ends? c In pairs. talk about the questions you chose. have a baby together. Song2 111Be There ForYou \.. female . for instance. get married.. In fact. Over the years.I .. you know they're going to 6 make up and become friends again. while her brother. Ross.. II looks as if Joey and Phoebe will never rea lly 7 settle down. settle figh t fall bang there make downs common b Write down the names of two or three of your closest friends.. 1 Do all your friends know each other or do you have separate groups of fri ends? 2 Are your friends male. You can use the words in the box below or your own ideas.. Ross and Rachel. is a paleontologist. either in their careers or private lives. two oflhe friends have a 4 fight and 5 fall out but before long. is a chef.I'll Be There For You by the Rembrandts Fr iends "Friends" is about a group of six young New Yorkers who share apartments and 1 hang out in the same toffee shop_ They don't seem to have very much in 2 common . 1 Getting started a Read this text about the American comedy series "Friends" and fill in the blanks. Each one of them knows that if they are down..

But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your 9 Chorus No one could ever 10 _--"~o w kn ~. you're 2 broke your love life's D. Your 8 mother warned you there'd be days like these. no one could ever see me.. Listen and put ur" next to the true sentences and "F" next to the false sentences. F 4 I'll always be your friend. but . F I'm an easy person to undersland .. T Everything's fine today. Seems you' re the only one who knows w hat it's like to be me. The first two have been do ne fo r you as examples.. 2 Have you heard it before? If so. or even your year. . I' ll be there for you pour When the rain starts to 4 I'll be there for you like I've been there 5 before I'll be there for you 'Cause you're there for me 6 too You're still in bed at ten and work began at 7 eight You've burned your breakfast so far... your ffiDflth.:-_ me. T 5 6 7 8 I know you' re my friend. T You're lale for work. J 2 You do n 't like you r job. knees Chorus singer's voice 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. I'll Be There For You So no one told you 1 life was gonna be this way. what is it you like? lf llot. yo u could say you're stuck in second gear. what don't you like about it? Usc the ideas on the right to help you. make it through all the rest with Someone to face the 11 Someone I'll always 12 laugh with. stands for 'dead on arrival' .. Even at my worst. your week. 1 Do you like the song? if yes. but some of them are not true. your month.~ T hese sentences about the song are in the right order. And it hasn 't been your day. In other words. how m uch of it di d yo u un derstand before? images central message music instruments . Song 2 . F 3 Listening for detail ~ Read the words of the song and then listen and fill in the blanks.2 Listening for gist '-.. And it hasn't been your day. T 3 This was a great year for you. but . your week.. I'm best with you.. things are going great. Yeah! It's like you're always stuck in second gear.A.D. II's like you're always 3 stuck in second gear. 1 Everyone told you life wou ld be like this. your love life is a disaster! stuck in secon d gear This is 8 driving metaphor. or even your year. You can only go very slowly in second gear! So if your life seems to be going nowhere. Your job's a joke... day with.

-€D him~ CE!9'her hi ~ 5ong3 Cry Me A River . use the same expressions to describe a relationship.. 4 J bet he's going to give the job to d And rea. c Now check your answers by matching the expressions in bold with the correct meaning below. the context is work./ 2 Listening for gist ~ You're going to listen to a song in which a guy tells a girl about their relationship. 1 Whose plans were destroyed? 2 Who fo und out about them? 3 Who burned their bridges? 4 Who wasted their opportunity? 5 Who cried a river before? 6 Who's going to cry a river now? h is~ 9 / hcr him. with your parlner. we go back to the old one? she's always been his favorite ! 2 She's really blown her chance of b th e job 3 This new computer program is c rea lly messing with my head. '-. I saw them looking at rings in a jewelry store. you could say: I bet my brother's going to marry his girlfrie nd. 6 Can you find out why the Intern~ f it meant everything to me. Listen and circle the correct answer for each of the questions below.-___ a so can'. Now. by arriving late for the interview. For example. a to get information 6 b to seem as if it has been destroyed 5 c to waste an opportunity 2 d to be sure of something 4 e to be driven crazy by something/someone 3 f to make sure there is D O chance of going back 1 d In the sentences above. working because b Guess the meaning of the words in bold from the context. in fact I'm sure of it because 5 My whole world came crashing e down when I lost my job · ~ told his colleagues exactly what he thought ofth em. "'-' it's a mystery to me.Cry Me A River by Justin TImberlake 1 Getting started a Match the firs t and second halves of thase sentences. 1 He really burned his br idges when he left the company when he . isn'.

And don't it make you 10 sad about it. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. You don't have to say what you did. Girl. no. don't let that be. Now there's just no chance. leaving sad other refuse earth a lready talked honesty alone turn Cry Me A River You were my sun. Cry me a river Go on and just cry me a river 'Cause I've already cried Cry me a river yeah yeah Ain't gonna cry no more. what is it you like? If not. I already know. What things could you say to him to mako him feel beller? . for you and me. I found out from him. But it wasn't like you only 7 talked to him and you know it. yeah yeah 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. Now there's Just no chance. Images central mess. You should've picked B honesty . But I bet you didn't think the thing would come crashing down. I found out from him . musk: instruments Z Imagine that you wore one of the singer's closest friends. don't let that be. Cry me a river. AU of the things people told me keep messing with my head . what don 't you like about it? Use the idoas below to help you. Cry me a river. you were my 1 earth But you didn't know all the ways I loved you. Your bridges are burned and now it's your 6 turn to cry. (Don't act like you don't know it). al l 4 alone 7 Now you tell me you need me when you call me on the phone.3 Listening for detai l ~ Complete the SOilS with the words in the box. Cry me a river. for you and me. 13 already know. 50 you took a chance. then you may not have blown it. I 5 refu se : you must have me confused w ith some other guy. You told me you loved me. And don't it make you sad about it. you made 2 other plans. Why did you leave me. no. You know that they say some things are bener left unsaid. Chorus (Oh) The damage is done so I guess I be 9 leaving You don't have to say what you did. Cry me a river. Then listen and check.

his broken leg look several months to hea l. e 3 Unfortunately. leI The SUn Go Down On Me . how could " misreading" be a problem in a relationship? 2 Listening for gist ~ a Listen and put the pictures in the order you hoar them mentioned in the song.Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John 1 Gett ing started a This song was a big hit for Elton John and George MichaeL Toll your partner anything you know about these Iwo s ingers. h Having listened to the song once. read the sentences and then match the words with the correct definitions below. d ©. dry your now I-shirt in the sun . b The six highlighted words in the sentences below are all in the song. 6 We don'. Thinking ahout the six words in exercise l b and the title. Before you listen to the song. r 4 A fr agment of a lost Shakespeare play has beon discovered in tho British library. b 2 Pi ease do not discard food containers Oil the beach.I must have mis rea d the address.the colors will fade. a 5 Don'. For exam ple. I wenl to the wrong street . 1 Sorry I'm late. We're just goi ng to wander around tho city for a few hours. how might they be connected with a song abou t a relationsh ip? For instance. c a a small piece b read incorrectly c to walk without any direction or fixed purpose d become weaker or less bright e throw away f become we ll or whole again c The tit le of the song you are going to hear is "Don't Let the Sun Go Down On Me". if you hoar about a door being closed first. leI the sun go down on me"? 5ong4 Don'. need a map. did YO ll learn anythi ng else about what the singer means by the phrase "Don'. then write the number 1 next 10 that picture.

what don't you like about it ? Use the ideas below to help you. Where there's life. I can't find. Look on the hrisht side.3 Listening for detail ~ a Read tho words of tho song and then listen and fill ill the blanks.al message rhythm music chorus instruments b The expression. it's always someone else I see I'd just allow a fragment of your life to wander 8 free But 9 losing everything is like the sun going down on me. . there's hope. c Do you have similar expressions in your language? Tell your partnor about a time whon you needed to use or hoar one of these expressions. All my pictures seem to fade to black and white tired and time stands still before me I'm growing 2 Frozen here on the :3 ladder of my life. what is it you like? If not. b Find tho six words you made predictions about in Exercise t c. Were your predictions right? What con nection do the words have with the relationship described in the song? '--- 4 Finishing off a Do you like the song? If yes. words/tyrks images stnger's voke cent. The dorkest hour is just before the dawn. oh. Too late to save myself from 4 falling I took a chance and changed your way of life But you misread my 5 meaning when I met you Closed the door and left me blinded by the 6 light Don't let the sun go down on me 7 Although I search myself. "Don't lot tho sun go down on me" cou ld mean "Don't tako away a ll hope". There 's /iSht at the end of the tunnel. Don't let The Sun Go Down On Me I can't light no more of your 1 darkness . the right 10 romantic line But see me once and see the way I feel Don't discard me just because you think I mean you 11 But these cuts I have they need 12 love harm to help them heal. Hero are other expressions in English abou t "light" and "hope".

CD The singer is happy and open to his world.. Here are some opinions about this subject.. Predict the order of these slages and then listen to the song and check yo ur answers. o o educalion in particular can shape our personality and limit our individuality. !II T he Singer begins to question his education ... Ch~~ the box thai represe nts yOW" op iniOn for each sontence... o III The singer becomes angry and rebellious.......The Logical Song by Supertramp 1 Getting started "Tho Logical Song" is about how education in general and sch ool o o 0 o 0 0 School days afe the best days of your life.. W Tho singer is sen t to a school where he is socia lized . The mai n purpose of school is to preserve the status quo... Children should be free to study what and when they like.. It is n't the role of a school to teach children what's right and wrong. T hen compare and discuss your answers with your partner.. AU good schools help chitdren to discover and develop their creativity.. GLOSSARY 10 preserve the sta lus quo to keep things the way they have been traditionally. .. o o o 0 0 0 0 o o o o 0 0 0 o o o . Schools give children the discipli ne they need to beco me useful members of society." 2 Listening fo r gist @ Tho song examines diff~rent slages in the si nger's life. 50095 The logicol Song .

It seemed that life was so wonderful. practICal. please tell me what we've learned. Thoro's somo good in everyone. 3 Ms.the leachers wera too cynical. 2 Tho song takes a very nogative view o f growing up and education. respectable. I cried a lot when I first wont to school. Thornton is a vcry dependable employee. a liberal. 2 Don'. complete the sentences below with the most appropriate adjectivo. watch what you say or they'll be calhng you a radical. responsible. you know. G YOli expcct me to bolieve that your dog ate your homework!? Marlin. the 5 questions run too deep for such a simple man. what don't you like about it? Usc tho ideas on the right to he lp you. when all the world's asleep. well they'd be sInging so happily. what is it you like? if not. presentable. Now. We wera made 10 feel responsible for our own learning. a 8 vegetable I 4 Finishing off Discuss these questions. I was more creative as a child Ihan I am now. a miracle. 4 J wish you were a bit more responsi ble about your work: you just don't seem to care. Then listen to the song again 'and fill in the blanks. but please tell me 6 who I am. .it wasn'l just inlcllcclunl stuff. 1 magical [ And all the bIrds In the trees. We learned plenty of practical subjccls at school. Won't you please. The Logical Song When I was young.3 Listening for detail a There are II number of adjectives inlhc song. Intellectual. ~ c Now read lhe song and check your answers. playfully 2 watching mel But then they sent me away 10 teach me how to be 3 sensible . responsible dependable presentable practical cynical absurd 1 For goodness' sake. But what do you think? Discuss with your partner whether any of tbese sentences wero true for you or someone you knew. And then they showed me a 4 world where I could be so dependable. 1 Do you like the song? If yes. I know it sounds absurd. Before you listen 10 it again. a fanatIcal 7 criminal ! Oh won't you sign up your name. cynICal. but he doesn't have much practical expericnce in everyday business. clinical.' ~ b Now liston to lho song and numbe r tho words in the box above in tho ordor you hear thom in the song. be so cynical . There are times. that is completely a h!>urd ! ' . In the ten years that she has worked with the bank sho bas never been lale fo r work. we'd like to feel you're acceptable. Joyfully. Io9l<al. oh It was beautIful. It was hard 10 get inspired at school . oh. put on a clean shirt! You've got to be presentahle for tho interview. S lie's 8 good candidate on papor.

Check that you know all of them.. When you're finished.. She was brought up by her American mother in Texas.. . All of the images on page 145 are mentioned in the song..1 Getting started a Look at this list of words commonly used when talking about the music world. gig on her 16th She played her first 2 birthday an d went on to win a number of special 3 awards for her jazz singi ng.. Which story is the most romantic / the strangest / the most original? Song 6 Come Away With Me .ColT' ~ worldwide success and the title 7 Away With Me was one of the most played songs 0 .. make up a short story with your partner including all the pictures. She began si nging in church when she was five and took up the piano two years l ater. -. but it seemed t hat music was in her blood.. and blue ~ c You're going to listen to one of Norah Jones' most famous songs. She went on t o sell nea rly 2 0 million albums in the fi rst t wo years and won eight Grammy Award s.. Ravi Shankar.. singer/songwriter studio label charts track album touring stage musicians copies gig/concert band/group awards fans b Read this short article and complete the text using some of the words from Exercise la. However. Before listening. jazz.. Come Away With Me. tell some other students your story. she moved to Manhatta n and start ed pl ayi ng wi th a 4 group called "Wax Poetic".. GLOSSARY the Grammy Awards (he mosl important annual awards gi ven to performers and music writers by the American Music Industry.. In 1999. In 2004 ... Jones foll owed t his up with the album ... Feels like Home. she has never lived in India. this talent ed 9 songwriter hasn't stopped singi ng her unique blend of country. This was an incredible track . the year. they were signed by America's most famous jazz 5 label "B lue Note" and recorded their first 6 album Come Away With Me. Norah Jones is the daughter of one of India's most famo us 1 musicians . Since ____ then.. In 2000. which went straight to the top of the 8 charts in 16 different countries. but soon formed her own group..

what is it you like? If not.. so write " 1 " next to that picture. Then listen again and write the missing words. . discuss these questions. Do you find any of the images in the song beautiful.. original .. b Wbafs the relationship between the singer and the person she's singing to? 3 Listening for detail ~ a Read the lyrics and check the order of the pictures. 4 Finishing off a Do you liko the song? If yes. why not? Use the ideas be low to help you. For example. 1 Who do you think .2 Listening for gist Now listen to the song and put the pictures in exercise lc into the order you bear them.. or romantic? wordsllyrks singer's voke central message rhythm chorus Images musK instruments b In grou ps. Come Away With Me Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they can't 1 With their 2 lies I want to walk with you on a cloudy day In fields where the yellow grass grows 3 Knee high So 4 won't you try to come? tempt us Come away with me and we'll 5 On a mountain top kiss Come away with me And I'll never stop 6 loving you For I want to 1 wake up with the rain Failing on a tin roof While I'm 8 safe there in your arms So alii ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me ~ .·they" are in verse two? 2 Why does tho singer ask her lover to go away with her "in the night "? 3 Why do you th ink the lovers in the song might need to leave? 4 Do you know any stories of lovers who have run away? . _. you'll hear ''I'll write you a song" first.

Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b
Read the role your teacher gives you.

Role C : membe r of local chamber of commerce Role A: local resident
You really do not want the hostel to be built on the land . Before the hospital was burned down, the area was very pleasant to live in. It has deteriorated over the last two years, and you think it will get worse if the hostel is built as it win attract some undesirable people. You think this will affect property prices and will become dangerous for the children in the area. The area is quite bui\t* up and you think the land should become a park, with a children's play area, and maybe a swimming pool. There is an industrial area on the other side of the city, which you feel would be a better site for the hostel. You are also personaUy worried about how this would affect the value of your property. You recognize that such centers are needed, but why on your doorstep? Your concern is the economic weU-being of the city. It used to be a very wealthy city, but that has changed over the last ten years as a number of businesses have moved away. The area of the city under discussion is a prosperous residential area, and you feel that a commercial center, with banks, shops, and businesses would be a much better use of the site. It would encourage the wealthy residents to spend money, and as it is on the outskirts of the city, it would also encourage people from the surrounding area. You could also benefit financially from such a project as you have a building company.

e ess people. Most f homeless people d 0 the problems in the i . 0 not cause alcoholics and dr~~y~~~~r: ~re a few people would stand a '~~c~tbthese chance of 9 tf etter lived . h e mg treatment ;f they m a ostel It wo Id I that the h . u a so mean jobs and could get the city S h e wealth of also h~lp u~ou a development would fru t . r career as you are s rated In your present job.

~;~e t hostel that could tagk:~~~n~~~

~~~:I~s~ re:1 PrOblem in the city with P two smau h:t:isT~re are currently enough beds. This ;ite ~tbithere aren't

Role. B: social worker

Role 0 : local doctor
You can't understand why the old hospital isn't going to be rebuilt. It was a small, old-fashioned hospital -and after the fire all the patients were. moved to the main city hospItal. However, the main _ hospital isn't big enough to cater for the whole city, so another hospital is needed, and there is now the opportunity to build one that is -bigger and more modern, and which could have specialist units. Furthermore, a new hospital would "benefit you personally as your office would probably be incorporated "into the hospital.


Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 4b

You are relieved that your parents know about your hobby, but you are determined to continue it. However, you know that you are going to have to make some compromises to continue, because you need their support. You also hope that they win buy you a motorcycle for your 18th birthday. You'll have to think of a couple of very good reasons why they should. Be prepared to listen to your parents' arguments and agree to anything sensible. Reassure them th~t you will continue to study and you WIll go to college . You really want a motorcycle, but you'\I wait to get a good one, and you have some money that you can contribute towards the cost.


You are horrified at Emma's hobby and you're very angry that she hid it from ¥ou. You also don't like Jake, her boyfriend, whose bike she uses. You want her to stop motorcycling but you don't want to have a huge argument about it. You're worried that it's dangerous, especially racing .

You are also concerned about Emma's hobby, but you're not as worried as her mother. You know that Emma is a sensible girl and that she doesn't take unnecessary risks. You are worried about the cost of a motorcycle if she continues, though, and the costs of insuring it. You also feel that she should be using a small, not very powerful bike right now, as she hasn't had a lot of experience. You're prepared to pay some of the money towards a motorcycle for her birthday, but not a\1.

Try to persuade Emma to stop racing and to go o~ the motorcycle only in safe, places, I.e. not on main roads. You re aware that she has probably not had a proper course in riding a motorcycle, and offer to pay for one before she gets a bike of her own.

Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 4d Read the next paragraph of the story.

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Exercise 4c/d Choose one part from each of groups 1. 2 and 3 to write your description.

I climbed the chain-link barrier fence while the two brothers took the tension out of the barbwire strands at the top. Enough so I could straddle the fence, get one foot on the concrete wall of the aqueduct and drop some ten or twelve feet to the bottom. Then they lowered the bikes down to me su.s~nded on their belts. We rode for miles dOw~ this grant cOrridor of cement, the wheels of our bikes bumping over the brown lines of caulking used to seal the seams. Except for those seams it was the smoothest, flattest surface I'd ever ridden a bike on. (Story ending: The bo% spend hours bike riding in the aqueduct and through a tunnel, and they are eventually picked up by the police and taken home.)

Group 1

Group 2


Unit 6 Lesson 4 Exercise 7a Read the full version of the story of tho hitchhiker. A friend of 8 friend was driving along the Massachusetts Highway one night when he noticed a young woman walking along the side of the road. Concerned for her safety, he pulled over and asked her if she would like a ride. Without saying a word. she got into the car. As they were driving, he tried to engage her in conversation, but she remained silent and didn't say a single word during the entire journey. At the end of the Highway, he stopped at somo lights. The young woman got out of the car without saying goodbye or thanks. Thinking sho was extremely ungrateful, the man drove off and thought no more about her. A feW days laler he was cleaning his car when he noticed a purse on the floo r. Inside the purse was Ihe address of a house not too far away so he decided to return it to the young woman. when he arrived at tho house, an old man opened the door. The young man exp lained that he had come to return the purse to the young woman who lived there. The old man looked at the purse in amazement. "This purse belonged to my daughter, but she was killed in a car accident on tho Massachusetts Highway more than 20 years ago."

Group 3

Unit 2 Lesson 4 Exercise 3 A So, this question. Which of these does not go with the word white? a) meat, b) bread, c) tea, d) egg. B Well, we definitely use white with egg . e Isn't it meat? D Na, I don't think so. Chicken is white meat. e Oh, you're rii ht. A It's c, tea, right? We can have black tea, but we say tea with milk, not white tea, right? D Yes, that's right, so it's c. What's the next question? A What is the name of the sea that separates the European and Asian parts of Turkey? Is it: a) the Black Sea, b) the Sea of Marmara, c) the Mediterranean Sea, or d) the Caspian Sea? C Oh, that's difficult. I have no idea. D Well , let's try to figure it out. It isn't the Mediterranean. B No, that's right. And the Caspian Sea is in Russia, I think. What do you think, Laura? A Yes, I think you're right. So maybe irs the Black Sea? C No, I think you're wrong, Laura. I went to the Black Sea when I visited Bulgaria a couple of years ago. D So ... do we all agree that it's the Sea of Marmara? All Yes, let's put that ...

Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 2c So nuclear energy will probably be finally abandoned because it is simply too dangerous. So what are the options? Fossil fuels? If we continue to bum fossil fuels like coal and oil the way we are doing now, we will have run out of them within a couple of generations. We need to look at clean, renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and tidal power. But what is the present government doing? In a word, NOTHING! And the result? If we continue like this, our future looks dark, very dark. If pollution continues to increase, our towns and cities will have a permanent blanket of pollution hanging over them. We'll be living in a world where the sun doesn't shine. We'll be living in a world where, when it rains, it will rain ACID ... acid rain. And just imagine the impact of that on the health of our children! Facemasks ... facemasks will have become common in towns and cities. Vou see cyclists or the odd person wearing a facemask today, but that's not the norm. Imagine ... a world where every living person wears a facemask. Imagine a world where every baby wears a facemask. But I'm not talking about a science fiction movie, I'm talking about your street, your town, your city ... I'm talking about your world ! We also foresee that there will be so much traffic, so much traffic, ladies and gentleman, that parking will have become a major problem. There will simply not be enough space to park your car. Parking places on the street - fulL Public and private parking lots - full! Double and even triple parking on sidewalks! And our streets will be in a constant danger of gridlock. Already gridlock is a common, everyday problem. Imagine in ten years, my friends! Just imagine. And what about genetically modified food? This government is responsible for a lack of clear policy on genetically modified food: and the way things are going, sadly, much of our food will soon be genetically modified. It may look like the answer in the short term, but what will the long-term effect be on the food chain and on the health of our people? And that's not all. The economy will continue to deteriorate and, as a result, our young people will be left without work: unemployment will have risen to alarmingly high levels, perhaps as much as 25-30%! Our only hope is a greener policy - a vote for the people party. So on Thursday, vote for us, vote for ...

Answers and scores
Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise zb
Un it 4 Develop your writing Exer cise s b Compare this model paragraph with the one you have written.

Figure out your partner's score llnd read the analysis. Do you agree?


_ _ _'_ '_._

_ _

._ _ - -. ~ - . -1--

Internet addict or Internet phobe?

1 a3 2 a1 3 a1 4 a3

b2 b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b2 01


5 a1 6 a1 7 a3

b3 ,2 b3 ,2 b 2 01

An a lYSis

18-21 : You're hooked on the Internet! If you don't start cutting back soon you may end up "disconnected" from the rea l world!
11-17: You have a healthy interest in information technology but you balance it with an interest in ~reallife". 7-10: Is your life affected at all by recent developments in

Ji-rwlLy, there is the quesb:on. rf fw.,edgm. and oLtgai:vm.s in tk fa-wLJi. On. """ ,",wi, _ Imngs duua. On 1M dheo-, " 1m"!!, ~. ')rkm. fw.,edgm. and ~ are nd 6aLa-need, there is cqn,f{jd. JOy exa'"rnfle, a !:ee?lL1ffY -wanis f:.o go !:o a po;.ty and tk pJ.;yenis dIJ nd -wani tIwm. f:.o ffJ. )tow can flus ccnftid be ewied. l /3df.. pa..ties -need 'WOYk. /;0 u">Ui.e:r1;a.nd the dhc:Ys peYSpx1:i've and I:d..e ~ fq,- theiy O>+n adions. .k paYenls -need f:.o 5Iurw theiy ciuld.Yen I:.Iu1l -wJh fw.,edgm. COmeS ~, so chi!d.Yen need 5Iurw paren1:s t/uU; !:ky can -manage t/uU; ~. In my w"W, the I:ee~ sIwuld.. tei1l:J-.ei.y paYems wf1ere t-ky aYe gccng, ..,.,.fll1f; k'»le !:ky ...dt niurn. fu:rme, and ask. ~ !:o go.




~y tkn needs !:o fuLfill theiy otligalwn. £wY]! b.'»Ie a paYe:n1 and a ciuld.'s /::rn1; is wi fmi<.e.n, freedom ...dt i~. Of cau:r!e, alL !:fu.s is ea5[ey sad I:f.an done. Hc»e-yey, by tnd and em?Y a-nd. genu..?1£ Lo-ve and wn.dedandJ.-ng fa~ can 6ecurne ewn. ~.

Information Technology? You are in no danger of getting hooked bu t it may be a good idea to explore the Internet a little more: it might enrich your life rather than limit it.

Un it 5 Develop your learning Exercise lb Check the key to the questionnaire.

Uni t 4 Lesson 3 Exercise l b

25·36: An excellent score! You're getting lots of good practice and if you
keep doing these things your confidence can only grow. As they say, the best way to improve your speaking is to speak and you're certainly doing that . But that doesn't mean you should sit back and relax. Keep looking for ways to challenge yourself.

Look at the analysis for your score. Do YOli agree?

Your score
M ostly a: you're a fa ir-weather friend, You use your friends and see them when it suits you, but drop them Quickly if you no longer want their friendship. Do you have any old friends?

13-24: You're doing a lot of things riglit. Congratulations! But don't stop
there. There are still opportunities to take. Look down the list and see what you can work on . And although having imaginary conversations with yourself in English may sound half crazy, it does work. So build on the good work you're dOing!

Mostly b: you're a very good friend. but you're probably not quite as honest In friendships as you should be. You don't say what you think. so people don't always believe what you say. Mostly c: you 're a great friend. You probably have a lot of close friends because you are very caring and loyal. You make friends easily and keep friends fOl" a long time.


Things aren't too bad and can only get better. Most people feel uncomfortable speaking in a foreign language but one thing is for sure - it will only get better if you work at it. Start by speaking more in class. You can also record yourself speaking English or have imaginary conversations ;n English. It rea lly helps. So start today - life's too short to miss opportunities and you never know where English could take you. Good luck!

U n it 4 Lesson 4 Exer cise 38 Check your answers

ami re"d the analysis for you.

Un it 7 Lesson 3 Exercise lc Read the analysis for your score. Do you agree?

a - O b- I c - l a -I b- O c - l a-O b - I c - l a -I b - l

a -O

b- I

c - O c - O

c -I

You haven't learned how to be assertive, have you? You shou ld take credit for the work you do and make more of your career opportunities. Don't let people take advantage of you _ You have your beliefs and you stand up for them, but you also respect the rights of others to express t heir views _You've gotten a good balance into your life. confident but you should try and show more consideration for other people's feelings and views.


Well, you're very honest (If you've answered the quiz honestly, of courser). Lying or cheating really isn't your thing, is ttl Good for your 9-19: You have been known to lie or try to cheat the system a IJttle, but who hasn't' There may be the odd occasion when being a little dishonest Is acceptable, but don't do it very ottent 20-32: Have you really told the truth in answering the questions or is that not In your nature' Your score suggests that you think nothing of being dishonest - but what do other people think about this!
Unit 9 Lesso n 2 Exercise lb Check your ans wers to th e 1.Q. puzzles.


7· 12. You've become a bit too aggressive: it's good to be

1 c 2 d 3 b 4 The man is very short and can't reach the
bulton for th e 10th floor.

Communication activities


Student A
Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise lb Read the text about SlIlma Hayek's cnrl y life. Complete the graph.

soap opera
went to

moved to LA

became an



went to school in Louisiana kicked out
of school




dropped out of university

Livin' the Vida Loca

5alma Haye k is the first Mexican actres~ to Hollywood movie star Since become a R' Ha ek was bom in Veracruz, Dolores De lio. Y 2 1966 He r parents M 'co on Septem ber, . eXI, a rivate Catholic school in

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exen::ise 1 b Read the text about ka rate. then go back to page 82.

sent her to


11 The school
• . behave

Louisiana whe n she was

expelled h e r because she used to mls constantly. and so she had to return

In college she stu

Karate is a form of martial art originating over two thousand years ago in India. However, it is now known as a Japanese martial art: it was brought to Japan via China and became established there in the 17th century. The word karate means "empty hand", which describes the open hand technique used now - the sport used to involve closed fist fighting before it evolved into its present form. The aim of karate is to be in total control of the muscles in your body so that you can use them with force and accuracy. Experts often break objects to show mental and physical training but when

Martial arts:
they fight, their blows do not make physical contact. The sport is based on attacks with the feet or the hands, but the force and momentum comes from the hips, so good balance and hip rotation is everything. Many people take up karate as self-defense, although for many others the martial art and the philosophy behind it form a way of life.

d' d Intemational Relations

but she didn't finish her studies; instea • ~ e d out with the intention of becoming droppe arents didn't agree at fi~st, an actress. Her p ' d to goong h Hayek wasn t use bU~i:~~hh:~gparents' wishes, she ~ollo",:ed ~er



~;stincts. Her first break w;S gett~~;~o:ul: i~

local theate r, which didn t pay . Then she got a starrmg . was good experience. The role in a popularTV soap opera. Tereso . . Hayek famous m shoW'S success ma d e . Mexico. Despite her success, she deCided to quit the show and to move to L.A. to make a career in Hollywood.

misbehave act in an unacceptable way instincts natural feelings


martial to do with war or fighting
momentum the rorce thai keeps something moving


Communication octivities

Till Dawn ( 1996).e.S.. which a lso starred Will Smith a n~ Kevin Kline. Haye k released Frida base d on the life of the fa mous M exica~ painter. Road th e arguments against GM foo d and complete the table on page 106. UtaI s. There are other \~ays that can acmallY provide a better long-term solunon... which is why wc muSI find alternatives. d systcm \\-"O.. and the grasses were used to feed anim~ls. the government exported f~ from there because that was the way me economiC ". she decided not to pursue her career immediatety in LA. In late 2002. T h is solution used local materials.-'. He r next moyie Desperado. We 3re not saying that all GM cropS arc dangc rous. Haye k had a starring role in Wild Wild Wen. On th e contrary. GLOSSARY pursue to follow a courso of action bomb (in this context) to be a failure GLOSSARY biotechnology science basad on cells and bacteria ban stopping someone from doing something Communication aetMties 151 . say. Frida Kahlo. office. Instead. The Faculty (1998). ® Dogma Despemdo The Faculty Frida was a huge success learned to drive @ ® ® good ® learned English From Dusk TIll Dawn bombed Wild Wild West bad Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 311 Livin' the Vida Loca Although Hayek was use d to considerable success and fam e in Mexico. and Dogma (1999). In the sam e year. The film wa s a huge success in the U.The alternative is to plant a kind of grass that gelS nd of the insects. ~e GM solution is 3 quick. there is an unp redIctabIlity and uncertainty in genetic modific3tion because of a 13Ck of knowledge about how genes work. Grecnpeacc says food supply is nOI the issue. Th. five years .. ne\"er been a serious faminc •. The actress got her first big break in 1991 when she starred in My Crazy Life. Unfortunately. This was done with corn and the crop doubled. BUI we must ha\"C 3 right to look carefully al those that are da ngerous. We want 3 global ban on GM . which starred Antonio Banderas I put Haye k on the Hollywood map: Unfortunately. did muc h be ~ter. bombe d at the box. ~ unger in the world is to do wi th mo ney. biotechnology provides resistance to certam insects but only for 3 period of. rom usk. she used to avoid the movie crowd when she first arrived there. GM food: the arguments against Although we haven't proved that ~M ~~ps are dange rous. Even dun ng the famines in Ethiopia. Hayek spent her first yea r learn ing English and sh e also learned to drive. was a success With both critics a nd audiences. example. tcchnical solution thai wlil lead to orner problems later. a tee n thriller.S. the film was a disaster. the movie that followed F o . in any country whcre merc·s been a democracy. not expensIve technology. They won't be. For .StudentB U nit 2 Lesson 1 Exer cise 1b Read the text and complete the graph about Sa1ma Hayek's life after sho moved from Mexico to the U.

1 Getting started Put students in groups of four or five to do the task in Exercise 1. To all your friends you're delirious. So consumed in all your doom. Students have to listen and "choose" the wo rd they hear. Play the song. no molter whot we soy. So don't you bring me down today. Let students check their answers in pairs. Ask students to listen and complete the lyrics. ("ugly" and as hamed because she's famous and has too much exposure).Units 1 &2 Beautiful Lead in by Christina Aguilera Bring in your own pidures of beautiful people and things: pop and film stars. In the chorus. teft the puzzle undone. words con't bring me down. We ore beautiful in fNCry single way. Use these pictures when doing the group work task in exercise 1 . You ore beautiful no molter what they soy. No molter what we do. oh. 'Couse we ore beautiful no molter what they soy. ~~---------------------------------------------------. Words can't bring you down. Don't look at me Every day is so wonderful then suddenly. Yes. locations in students' countries. the pieces gone. words con·t bring us down. You may need to play it more than once. oh. Sa don·t you bring me down today. I'm so ashamed. 3 Listening for detail Play the song agnin. even if other people are criticizing them. Now and then t get insecure from all the poin. Yes. I am beautiful no molter what they soy. When the sun is shining through Then the clouds won't stay And ~erywhere we go the sun will always shine. and saying tbat they should feel beautiful. Yes. Is that the woy it is? Song 1 T 134-13S Beautiful . and should have the confidence to feel beautiful. Ask students to listen and choose the best answe r. she is speaking directly to the people listening to her. write them at random on the board. ·Couse you ore beautiful in ~ery single way. words won't bring us down. In the first verse the singer is singing about how she feels. 10m beautiful in ~ery single way. no. Trying hard to fill the emptiness. In the last verse and chorus. Preseillalion If students have problems hearing the missing words. oh. Answers: The song is ahout how everybody is beautHul inside. Words con·t bring me down. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions in Exercise 2 carefully as a class. etc. Addiflonol activity What makes a person beoutifvl? Ask students to work in small groups to make 0 list of five or six things thot make a person beautiful inside and/or outside. no. or piny and pause. oh. no. too. • 1Iemative Put studen ts in groups of four or five to discuss the questions in Exercise 3b. But tomorrow will find a wayan the other side. Yes. 4 Finishing off Discuss lhe questions in Exercise 4 as a class. words can't bring you down. So don·t you bring me down today. she is saying that everybody shou ld feel confident about being positive and "'beautiful". irs hard to breathe. no.

you're broke.and get married. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to read through the statements carefully. etc. You're sfill in bed ot ten and work began at eijght. No one could ever know me. Seems you're the only one who knows what irs like to be me. Your job's a joke. Even at my worst.. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. You've burned your breakfast so far. your love life's D. When it hasn1 been your day. And it hasn't been your doy. buy a house. So no one told you life was gonna be this way. Ask What are the names of the characters? What do they do? Can you remember any words from the theme song? 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the text with the words in the box. your week. have babies. ask three or four students to tell the class what their partner told them. . or even your year. I'U be there for you When the rain storts to pour 111 be there for you Uke I've been there before 111 be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. rm best with you. Yeah! trs like you're arways stuck in second gear. things are gOing great. Vocabulary connected with friends: share on apartment = live in the same apartment Vocabulary hong oul (with friends I in cofesl = spend lime together fall oul = hove an argument and slop being friends make up = apologize and be friends again sett!e down = stop being young and "free" . Then put them in pairs to discuss their answers. etc. Ask students to listen and fill the rest ofthe blanks. but . But she didn't tell you when the world has brought you down to your knees that . A friend is . Play the song for Exercise 2. Let students check their answers in pairs before discussing as a class. rll be there for you When the rain storts to pour I'll be there for you Uke rve been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. In the feedback. A friend is forever.Units 3 &4 I'll Be There For You by The Rembrandts Lead In Ask students what they know about Friends. Addi1ional acIivity 6S~-------------------------------------------------------------------. make rt through all the rest with I'll Be There For You T1 36-137 Song 2 . Someone to face the day with. Play the song again. your month. and fill in any blanks they can remember.OA Irs like you're always stuck in second gear. but . For example. or even your year. Give students three or four minutes to prepare answers to the questions they have chosen. Ask students to listen and write T or F. A friend is someone you can trust. Ask students to share their ideos with the class. no one could ever see me. Ask students in pairs or small groups to complete the sentence starter above in five different ways. I'll be there for you When the rain starts to pour I'll be there for you Uke I've been there before I'll be there for you 'Couse you're there for me too. Your mother wamed you there'd be days like these. @ ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask student to read the words of the song carefully. your month. Someone rll always laugh with. your week.

I refuse.. there11 !AI olonel Now you tell me you need . oh Cry me a river. oh ICry me. cry me) Cry me a river. refuse is a verb.be. l lound CUI from him.Units5& 6 Cry Me A River by Justin Timberlake Lead in Write Cryan Ihe board. uh) Now there's just no chance. you and mel And don't it make you sod abou' it. who! you didl I already know. 2 Listening for gist Read through the questions carefully.. oh Cry me a rivef. Cry me a river Cry me a river Cry me a rivef You know tho1 they SCI'i some things ore betrer left unsoid. So you took a chonce. Oh down. hove to SCI'i.ise2 . yeah yeah IOhi The domoge is done So I guess I be leaving. You don·t hove to SCI'i. (Cry me. Cry me a river IGo on and lustl Cry me a rivef IBoby go on and jus!) Cry me a river IGo on and just! Cry me a rivef ICouse rve already cried! Cry me a river. Elicit responses from the class and discuss the answers to Exercise 1 a to le. Why did you leave me. who! you did. Girl. I already know. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. oh Cry me a river. ~ Note Play the song again. who! you did) I already know. oh """"' be. Now there's just no chance. !When you call me on the phone] Girt. lrm not like them baby) Your bridges were burned and ncm irs your tum Itt's your turnl To cry. whot you did. (Danl hove to soy. Ask students 10 listen and check. You told me you loved me INtrv did you leave me.. oh (Cry me. You don'. As you elicit answers. Ask When did you losl cry? Whot kinds of things make you cry? What do you think Cry me a river means? 1 Getting started Ask students to match the sentence halves and then check their answers in pairs. note some good contextuaiized examples of the language and write them on Ule board . Ask students in pairs to try to use the vocabulary in the context of relationships. 1"\0.. here. Oh Cry me a river IBoby go on and justl ~ Cry me a river rfou can go on and just) Cry me a rivef.. Let them discuss ideas with a partner. for you and me. all olooo? Oh the domoge is done so I guess I be leaving. I found ou1 from him. For example. whot you did. there'll INa chance. go bock? Ask students how they would express the idioms in theif language. 1 000l ad like you don" know it). you must hove me confused with some other guy. Cry me a river. for you and me. Your bridges were burned me when you call me. ~ WOSI"I11ike you only talked 10 him and you know it. All of these thilgs people lOkI me keep messing with my head. Ask students to listen and circle the correct answer. INa chonce. yeah yeah IAin1 gonno cry no more. Cry me a river IGo on and just) Cry me a river IGo on and jus!I Cry me a river IBaby go on and just) Cry me a river yeah. cry me) Cry me a river. Idioms You could explore the idiomatic nature of some of the language In feedback. Additional acttvity Rale·play one of the situations suggested by the song: friend trying to make singer feel better. yeah IOhi The damage is done So I guess I be .. I refuse. Oh the damage is done So I guess I be leaving. And don't it make you sod about it. there11 never be. You tokl me you loved me. You don" hove 10 sa(. SUI you didn't know oillhe ways I loved you. cry me) Cry me a river. ask. I found out from him. ~ '" You were my sun. you and me) And don'l it make you sod about it. Play the song for Exerc. But I bel you didn1 think your thing would come crashing and now it's your turn to cry. for you and me. II already know! Now there's just no chance. oh (Cry me. II already know. no. What does burn bridges literolly mean? Why is il a good metaphor for saying you can'. Before they do the lask.. 3 Listening for detail Ask students to try to complete the song with the words in tbe box. you were my earth. on Ihe phone. singer telling boy/girlfriend why the relationship is over.. and mode other pions. then you may not have blown it. [Messing with my head) You should've picked honesty. yea·yeol Cry me a rivef Cry me a rivef. leaving. cry me) 5ong3 T138·139 Cry Me A River . point oul to students thai. lOon" hove to sa(. you must hove me confused with some ather guy. all alone? Now you teH me you need me when you coil me on the phone.

and prepare to present a brief description under these headings: childhood influences career songs gossip Ask one person in each group to make the group's presentation. irs always someone else tholl see I'd just allow a fragment of your life 10 wander free 'Couse losing everything Is lik. His most famous song is CondIe in the Wind. His real name is Giorgos Kyriatou Ponayiotou. 'Cause losing everything is lik. Additional activity ~~.Units 7 & 8 Don't Let The Sun Go Down On Me by Elton John Bring in pictures of. I'd just allow a frogmenl of your life 10 wonder free. irs always someone else Iholl see. In the feodback. Use these 10 elicit ideas and information about the singers. including Rockel Man and Crocodile Rock. Culture note E1ton John Ellon John was born in England in 1947. Ask students to listen and fill in tho blanks. Ask students in groups of three to think of a singer or bond they know well.e the sun going doWTl on me.. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to look at the pictures in pairs. encourage students to share their best ideas. ~ 3 Listening for detail Ask students to road the song carefu lly. Play the song again. Don·t let The Sun Go Down On Me T 140-141 Song 4 . so he is Sir Elton John. He was knighted in 1998. . Ask students in pairs to match the words to definitions. Geof'ge Michael George Michael was born in london )0 Greek parents. ~ 4 Fi nishing off Discuss lho questions in Exercise 4 as a class. Have a brief d iscussion in feedback about what the title ofthe song might mean. and see if they can remember or guess the missing words. baby. I con'tlight no more of your darkness. writing with Bernie Toupin. His feol nome is Reginald Dwight He become famous in the 19705 when. Don·t let the sun go down on me Allhough I seorch myself. Play tho song and ask students to listen and order the pictures. or CDs by. Lead in 1 Getling started Elicit as much information about George Michael and Elton Jobn as you can from students. then it will be like the night falling.-------------------------------------------------------------------. Irs always someone else I see I'd just allow a frogment of your life to wonder free Bullosing everything is like the sun going dOWTl on me. Answer: "The sun going down" here means the end of the relationship . and tell each other what they think might be happening in cach.. he hod a 101 of lop len hils. don11et the sun go down on me AIIhough I search myself. He is famous for his outrogeous clothes and glosses. Frozen here on the ladder of my life. He become famous in 1982 when he and his friend Andrew Ridgley hod lOP len hils as the pop bond Whom! His best-known albums are Faith and Older.if the singer's lover does not return.e the sun going down on me. Monitor and prompt. oh. Ask students to discuss how the words might connect to the song in pairs. Dh.. All my pictures seem 10 fade to black ond white rm growing tired ond time stands sUIl before me Icon1 find the right romantic line But see me once and see the W!rf I feel Don1 discord me just because you think I mean you harm Butlhese cuts I hove they need lave to help them heal. Elton John andlor George Michael. Too lale to save mysell from falling I look a chan<:e and changed your way of lile But you misread my meaning when I met you Oosed the door and left me blinded by the light Don'tlel the sun go down on me Although I search myself.

Ask each team to choose four -ible. 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 as a class. a liberal. it seemed that life was so wonderful. a fana tical. Now. magical! And all the birds in the trees. a miracle. They read their words aloud to the other learn in Iheir group. a criminal! Oh won" you sign up your nome. Ask students to fill in the blanks. please tell me what we've learned. They have to write a sentence fhat defines and contexlualizes each word they hove chosen. Then play the song so that students can check their ideas. Divide each group into two teams of three. presentable. play the song again. you please. and check their answers with a partner. logical. respectable. Won'. a vegetable! At night. I know it sounds absurd. Let students read thro ugh the song to check their answers. the questions run so deep for such a simple man. -ible. and -af on the board. 3 Listening for detail Once students have completed the sentences in Exercise 3a with the adjectives. or -a/words from the lesson. Pronunciation note Note that the stress goes on the syllable just before -ible or . watch what you say or they'll be calling you a radical. 1 Getting started Ask students to complete the questionnaire.oble. Ask students to number the words in the correct order. intellectual. well they'd be singing so happily. joyfully. when all the world's asleep. and ask them to read out their list. playfully watching me! But then they sent me awoy to teach me how to be sensible. Elicit answers from the class and find out who believes school is useful and who thinks it is harmful. When I was yaung. Ask students in pairs to write as many English adjectives as they con thol end with these suffixes in one minute. And then they showed me a world where I could be so dependoble. or words they come up wi fh in the lead in. Song 5 T142-143 The logical Song . Addltionalocttvity ~8 - Ploy -guess the word. -able. Play the recording again. Won't you please.able. when all the world's asleep. Find out which pair gal the most. I know it sounds absurd. practical. but please tell me who I am." Divide the class into groups of six. cynical. There are times. oh it was beautiful. but please tell me who 10m. who have to guess which word they are describing. responsible. we'd like to feel you're accep. 2 Listening for gist Ask students to decide on the order of stages. clinical.Units9& 10 The Logical Song Lead in by Supertram p Write -able. the questions run 100 deep for such a simple man. please tell me what we've learned.

Play the recording again. Come away with me in the night Come away with me And I will write you a song Come away with me on a bus Come away with me where they con't tempt us With their lies Iwant to walk with you on a cloudy doy In fields where yellow grass grows Knee high 50 won" you try to come? Come away with me and we'll kiss On a mountain top Come away with me And I'll never stop loving you For I wont to wake up with the rain Falling on a tin roof While I'm safe there in your arms 50 0111 ask is for you To come away with me in the night Come away with me Come Awoy With Me T144-145 Song 6 . Student A is the interviewer and has to prepare questions to ask. In feedback. splitting the original pairs. Role-play an interview with Norah Jones. Ask students to fill in the blanks.Units 11 & 12 Come Away With Me by Norah Jones Bring in a large picture or pictures of a rock band or pop singer. Put students in pairs to create a story using the pictures. Elicit one or two short stories for the class to hear. Then put students in groups of four or five . ~ 4 Finishing off Discuss the questions in Exercise 4 in groups and as a class. 3 Listening for detail Let students read through the song to check their answers. Lead In 1 Getting started Ask students to discuss the words in pairs and look up unknown words in their dictionary. Student B is Norah and has to read the biographical details in exercise Ib again so that he or she is ready to answer questions. Ask students to listen and label the pictures. Brainstorm and write on the board as many words as you con connected with the subjed of rock music. AddIIIonaI actMIy ~'-----------------------------------------------------------. for example: What do you call the place where bonds record musiC? (studio) Whol is a live show by a band in a bar or club called? Igigl Ask students to complete the text with words from Exercise la and then check with a partner. 2 Listening fo r gist Play the song. ask questions )0 make sure students know the more djfficult words. and have them tell their group their idea for the story.

thigh. move fOfWard two spaces. fingers. tub. nose) 9 lNhat is an 'Fl Student Visa' used for? (ANS\\'ER: Students who want to study in the U. foot. Oh. Move back two spaces. and natural landmarks. armpit. It might also include sports and SI)Or1 ing events as welt as discos. fist .someone. etc. movies. need th is type of visa to enter and study there.papef has a massive drculiJtion. etc. and don't move back. bottom. for example.) Name three things you would expect to see on a language 6 school's social program. hip.Quiz cards Entenainment 2 . Sing a song in English or move back two spaces_ Mime this type of person . you can move forward one space _ (ANSWER: tube. ears.Lord of the Rings: The Two Tovvers. Tem ptation Island.) 4 Can you name the man who developed the theory of 'multiple intelligences'? (ANSWER: Gardner) S 1Nhich disease does Muhammed Ali suffer from? (ANSWER: Parki nson 's) 6 What was the infamous couple Bonnie and Clyde so well known for? (ANS\¥ER: Robbing banks) 7 What is the opposite of an introvert ? (ANSWER: An extrovert) 8 1Nho was the infamous German leader during Wood War II? (ANSWER: Adolf Hitler) 9 According to one study. your team can move fOfWard one square_ Give eight different words for containers. 10 By what name was the terrorist Inich Ramirez Sanchez better known? (ANSWER: Carlos the Jackal) 1 2 3 4 Stand up and whistle a song by any English-speaking group_ If you do this successfully. (ANSWER: exam ples might include visits to museums. SAdeC. 2006 . movie houses. (ANSWER: abdomen. people evaluate each other using the 'three Vs'. famous places. llUiz shows..) 4 5 Can you give me the name of three famous Reality TV programs? (ANSWER: Big Brother. lips. what does the word circuldrion mean? (ANSWER: The number of copies sold every day.3? (ANSWER: eating) 1 What do we call the father of your wife or husband? (ANSWER: father-in-law) 4 What do you call those two lines of hair above your (?yeS? (ANSWER: eyebrows) S What is the colledive name for a massive number of trees in a tropical region. What are they? (ANS WER: Visual (the way you look). wrist. mouth. drama. current affairs.s.. theatres. special ceJooI'8tions such as Thanksgiving. your team I1'IOYe5 fOfWard two spaces. /)0'(. head. If you are successful. The Rolling Stones.] What does DVD stand for? (ANSWER: Digital Versatile Disk) Name five different kinds of TV program..V. waist. documentaries. Stay put! S 6 7 8 \. (ANSWER: Mick Jagger) 2 Which famous Australian actor directed a film about Jesus Christ? (ANSWER: Mel Gibson) 3 Name five parts of the human body..) Name the sport where two people wea ring special gloves fig ht each other in a ring. ankle. heel. forehead. dear! Teday's not your day. The word combines two words: 'electron ic' an d ' magazine'. carton. your team can move forwa rd one square. 7 8 9 historical sights.. hand. T 260 QuizCords OEtIiIoricIMocniIondeMl!xko. elbow. Vocal (the way you solllld) and Verbal (w ha t you say). box. draw a picture of someone in the class so that the other team can guess their identity.. On a piece of P<lper and wi thout speaking a word. bottle. calf...? (ANSWER: football) 3 What do you (aU a magazine that you read on the Internet? (ANSWER: an e--zine. I repeat you cannot speak! If they guess correctly. !l nd bag. (ANSWER: boxing) Wild Card People Name the lead singer of the British rock band. jar. shoulders.) 10 What is the informal word for not having any money? (ANSWER: broke) What or who was 'Pong'? (ANSWER: The first video game) What kind of program has the highest audience ratings in the U. clubs. eyes. toes. pack. If the opposite team guesses correctly. shin. (ANSWER: talk shows. eyelids.no is aggressive_ If the opposite team guesses the adjective correctly. Mime this film .. can.nere it rains a Iot7 (ANSWER: a rainforest) 6 'IoIhat do yo u suffer from the next day if you have drunk too much alcohoP (ANS WER: II hangover) 7 What do you call old or broken th ings wh ich are worthless? (ANSWER: junk) 8 Can you give me five different features of the human face? (ANSWER: chin.) Don't move forward. knee.<ooliouedfmmpogen291 Words Is a tabloid newspaper small or big in size? (ANSWER: small) 2 What do you stop doing if you suffer from anorexi. America's Next Top ModeL ) In the sentence The newy. eyebrows.S.

like Pro-Evolution Soccer.. Friend Why do you think irs mostly young guys. but sadly I think the things that may make them attradive to guys are the adion and the violence in so many of them. I don't understand. Then. I guess I can see that.to me they have the dynamism of movies. Johnny No. There must have been a 101 of changes since then.thaI's nat just for men or boys. Part 3 Friend . Friend Kinds of games? What do you mean? Johnny Well. I dunna . Port 2 Friend What is it that makes these video games so popular? Johnny Well.. something like Zelda is a successful example of this type. then videa games ore a good choice.you moy have heard of iI. Then they're simple to ploy.. What is it that makes these videa games so papular? 52~---------------------------------------------------. Ihe early 80s. And they hove the power and all the color of cartoons and comic books . For Exercise 2 an Page 114 . Something thaI really annoys me oboul these games is the way they're all so mole-oriented . Friend Pong!? Johnny Yeah! Anyway. so whot oboutlhe harmful effects? You know.. but in video games they toke port. 1M above all. and they do tend to be young guys . over 20 years. Do you think . The thing \ really like about them is the dynamism .it was called Pong. yeah. A classic of this type is Alone in Ihe Dark. Johnny Some Kind of thing. the people who play videa games are mostly young. I bet iI's all boys and yaung guys. Johnny Well.you can find plenty of adults playing. Johnny? Is il computer programming? Johnny Sort of -I design videa games. like the horror movie. there's the horror video game. Friend Yeah. and especially teenoge boys. Friend Not really my scene. Johnny You bet! I remember the first videa game . they hove on active role. Butl think that really the commerciol success of video games is that they appeaito all ages . But whot kind of people do they allrac!?' bel irs all . and you can make up your own dream team.. who are attracted to ~ i deo games? Johnny II"s difficult to soy. You know... That just means irs full of adventure and monsters and lots of pretty violent odion. A good example 01 this type is Commando . ThaI's a long time! Friend Yeah. There are video games involving magic and mythological sellings . the early days. too.. some people say videa games have bod effects on the people who ploy them. like. whoever. Bed:hom. Friend Mmm. something that really allrods people to videa games is the grophks .the grophks these days are incredibly ollroctive and real. they start from as young as six and ploy till they be<ame young adults. one of the most popular Kinds of videa game is the 'heroic action" game. in which you can lake on Ihe identity of your favorite soccer player. Audiascripts T 261 .For Exer cise 2 on Page 114 "Port 1 Friend So what exoctly is it you do.. I've only heard of Tomb Raider. For Exercise 2 on Page 1I4 . There are so many different kinds of games now. of course. they involve the players in imaginative WfSo/S. il appeared in 1972 and il was pretty bosic.. ~53 '-------------------. If yoU're looking for realistic entertainment. Friend Sounds awful. But since then Videa games have been getting more and more sophisticated. but you can ploy them at horne. the instrudions are really obvious.. thaI's not true. And of course.the use of color is fantastic.all for the boys.. so I'd soy they ollrad all ages from six to sixty. I've been designing them since the . as you can imagine.. Ronalda.. Friend fr. either. I think port of it is that boys seem to be attracted to new technology more than girls. no . Zidone. We know bays tend to be mare violent than girls . In the movies the viewers are passive. there are loIs of sports videa g<lmes.

4 bg off.!thy. 10. 3 's practiCing. 3 Qlit. 3 aggressive. 4 COI. 3 False. 82. 5 hated. 3 1. were. 7 f9C0QrMze. waithg. 10 like Unit 1 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 hazel.ng. 2 fallilg. I. 5 tasci1atng. 3 cn. 8 " terest Unit 3 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6~ 7L 8a Unit 1 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 active. 6 interest 7 St. 2 fri9"ds. 7 True. 7 True. 2 b. 5 made.!. 2 M. 7 played.t I hadn't ooived tate.Jl.. 8 ta1ing Exercise 2 1 amm. 4 gave. 5 QLDeI .trt. 6 False. 7 blond.6b .7. 4 conservative. 6 radical Exercise 3 1 happy. 2 inyWment 3 ~. 2 chat. 7 g. Sa. mecn. 13 tend 3 MartIl'1 Martinez. S Exercise 6 Conv£wsa\ll. react la. 8 just Exercise 4 1. 5 True.8 Exercise 5 1 I have aready read this book. 2 False. 6 hactl'\. 4 1s~. a week. 9 True. 8 True. 4 If Oft. dressed. 7 True. 3 rot'l'lMtic. 6 1wish I hadn't eaten so rructl! 7 If crit I had lislened in SChool. 5 conservative. 5 risi'lg. 4 Exercise 5 1 speaker I. 2 used la. S recenUy. name. 2 chcv1ged. 6 orb. 2d. a False. 5 aash. 8 ():Ies this Exercise 3 1 Are. S weren1 used 10. 2 True. 4 Do you uroderstand. 3 'Iirus. rane: 5 o::vmon. 9 asked. 6 used la. 4 SU'pi:se. stlXlying. 7 L 8 b - Exercise 6 1 COIl'o'eI'SaIoo 2. 11 caIed Exercise 3 Ie. 2 fa. 3 means. 2 True. 2 False. 7 ddn1. 7 l!lliery. 2 bored. 6 doesn't have. Exercise 6 1 nsilg.tl fly. Unit 2 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 was. 2 never. 2 isn't used to gattng~: 3 used 10 hate. 10 False Exercise 4 I True. 2 worM. 4 False.. 4 irritatng. cats. 2 M arisot 3 MartsoI.. 6 d 7 a.. 4 hadn't Ixu. S False. 8 h<n:Ie. 2 cx:n. 2 a. 40. a allach'nenl Exercise 3 I looked. 8 are. PatA. March. 7 c. Conv£wsation B is about paying too IllJCh /c( scmething. 4 corwersa100 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 4 a. 7 bored. in Exercise 3 1 lend: 2 pay. 8 made. 4 interesled. 5 c. 4 bkJe. know ead'I other. 3 speaker 2. name Exercise 7 I e. 3 just. a few holr's. 5. 5 Grace McBtide. S TM Unit 3 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l allactment. S True. 5 I'm writJng you now to i'Mle you to dnnef.Idl /c( a bad ~ ieI 'Ce. 3 fame. Conversation 0 is about paying too fl'k. S3f. 7 the job . 10 ransom. 14 Unit 2 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Down: 1 alford. 7 d. 6 a 7 c. 8 False Exercise 6 1 generous. 8 False Exercise 5 Exercise 2 1 interested. 6 Exercise 4 SfnpIe past: yesterday. 2 had pa. 5 r\leresl.d. 2 ptXe. 4 recently. 6 opened. 3 e. 7 speaker 3. 10 Do you wn~eIse? """'" . 2 d. 8 b Exercise 6 2. 8 sh::e Exercise 2 For: 25 years. 3 cold. 8 cash: 9 ~ 1 SInCe. 2 I orly I had more lriends. 7 active. 12 website Exercise 2 l c. 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 g.!. 9 h. 2 was.6. 2 speaker 3. 7 negalive Exercise 4 l c.)l'l A is about Iendi1g """"'"' """'Y. 4 FalSe. 9 e>!pIaned. 8 True Exercise 4 l a 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c .&il. 6 revise. 4 speaker I. 8 e True. 8 1 emporary. 3 False. 4 False. 4 risilg. 7 False. 8 If orly I hadn't beerl so stupidl Exercise 2 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 t 4 L 5 ~ 6 g. 6 False. 6 appealing. 7 Grace McBride Mart" Martilez. 7 SR)8. eiglt r'I'IhJtes Since: 2003. 5 ~ 6 a. 3 modest. 8 I have neyer heard aJYIhilg so Exercise 2 1 's doing.Workbook Answer Key Unit 1 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 tie. 2 I sUI haven't spokoo to Jack. 7 internet. 5 ~. 6 WI'OIe. 4 Adriana. 4 duI. 6 radcaI. ttls anernoon. 4 Martin Martinez. S True. 7 asked. 7 'm not dci1g. 5 I wish I had a beller job. a "terested wrow. 6 i'. 3 . 9 borI1g. 8 irritatng. 2 know. 3 altraclive. 3.I'pise. 4 /C(. 7 Wus. aJYOIl8: 7 '/ohlal. 8 calls Unit 2 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I I wish I were lamous. 6 speaker 2. 2 i. 6 file.5. last year. a tcng time. 8 ~it 1 !llQ(ley. 6 False. 5 bored. 9 progran. 5 tar. 4 True. 6 fa. 3 conversatoo I. watchi1g Exercise 4 1 Do you lke tIJS rTIOIIie? 4 He owns I'M:) ca-s. 7 casI1. 6 e. SQ: 3 know. 3 did. 4c Exercise 4 """'. yesterday Exercise 3 1 ~ 2 L 3 a.n. 2 attractl\lE!. 10 b Exercise 3 I ever. 3 False. 3 Have you seen Mile yet? 4 The gossp has just started. a a Exercise 5 1 Bi!lie. 3 used to. 71. a j. Conversation C is about someone whO is rri:serIy. 3 1wish I hadn't spool aI my money. Exercise 6 Across: 5 fortune. 4 True. last week. Unit 3 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 Exercise 2 Maley.4. 3 /aIIi). 5 1ound. 5 speaker 4. 2g. 2 TM. 5 lor. 2 h. whef11 was 14. lb. 3 1Ned. MarisoI.Tioad. 3 1m cookhg. 10 became. 6 hazel. 6 caIed. 8d Exercise 6 1 crine. 5 ooJd. 4 opened. 4 emoIicon. 2 graduated from.. 8 f 1 didn'. II crash. 4 fould. tOO roorni'g. 3 sh:::e. 7 I believe you den'. 10 M . S like. 6 am cooI<. 6 named. 2 OI"gar1i2ed. 9 refuse. waste: 5 1'111: 6 borrow: 7 sperd. 3 Exercise 5 1 False. 9 a1traction Exercise 4 1 False.oersaIion 4. 8 scaed Exercise 2 1 used to take. 4 judgment. 6 already. 6 f~.4.4tl. 6 SErious.. 3 True. 2 rose. 'm used 10 dOIlg: 4 used to waII:: 5 used to have: 6 'm not used to ctivi'IQ Exercise 3 2. 4 moved. 8 speaker 4 T262 . 6 discipWned. 6 am WOfkng. 6 bored.6. 7 expressions. 6 True. 8 hadn't argued Exercise 4 I !Uprise.. 3 True.5 c. 8 WhaI. 5 a Exercise 3 I c.8. 7 creatrve. 12 know1edge. 3 fai". 3 earn: 4 buy. 4 dIAl. 7 st •. 2 interest 3 SU'P'ise. 5 respectable. 5 team. 3 c Exercise 5 1 True.terested. 6 Martil MartIl'1f!. 7 rising. on my lasl birthday Simple past and used to: when I was a ctWd. 8 gave. 3 True. 3 a 4 b. 2 nterestO'. 2 proof. S romantic. 4 False. 5 Have you fM!l used a cha1 room? 6 Have you tned to pefSUade Mary yet? 7 I have recently thoulj1t about my iU1tJ'l!. 4 was used to. 8 friendly Unit 4 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 I Inp!essions . 7 ~ed. 3a. II wish. 2 Grace McBride. 6 False. Sa. on my birthday. six. 2 is annoying. 4 ~ 5 a . 9. 5 AdriMa Exercise 6 1 That's. ~. 7 False. 9 TM rane. 8 rose Exercise 2 1 negatIVe. COlIltry. 7 were. 11 generous.. 12 "" Exercise 5 I 10lII'ld.~ Exercise 2 1 d. 10 aware. 5 are. 2 fl. al nne o'clock Exercise 5 I C. 8 conversatoo. 6 receipt. 5 doY. means: 4 1i<e. 2 FalSe. ConversatlCtl Eis about someone's Exercise 7 1 True. 3 dowIioad.Z.

Exercise S Exercise 4 l b. 5 not have been. 7 True. 8 a. 7 C. S YCUlQ viewers mIQh1 find paris of the movie rather fnghlerWlg. 4 9. 7 1eadng the~. Despite. 5 L 6 C. 10 would help Exercise 2 1 9. WOl. 9 9. 3 L. 2 L. 6 <M'Tocgement. 8 However. 9 Not mentioned. 4 passive. 11 pursue. l False. 8 c Exercise 1 I C. 6 True.5. 7 Eriksson. a optimi:itic. 7 bor'rt. 2 d. 3 lfflWgetened. 3 Columbus.p a friend~. 9 h. Slbstance: 2 calories. 2 c. 7 met. 7 a 8 b Exercise 4 2. 7 False. 5 b. 8 fiber Exercise 5 l d. srnilat age 4. 8 passive Exercise 2 1 was written: 2 are rsoc!: 3 were sold. 8 ten.5. 6 e Exercise S 1 Well. 5 a 6 a 7 a.llCed Unit 7 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l b. 2 e. 7 gadget. 5 dshwasher.rrtJus. 9 ~abIe . 4 False. 9 ig1ote. 3 Shakespeare. 2 b. 3 eyelids. Exercise 4 l c. 3 Not mentioned. wouldn't have become. 5 a Exercise 4 I balar'ced diet 2 protel1. 2 passive. made: 4 had. 10 True Exercise 6 l a 2~ 3a4a S~ 6~ 7a8b . 7 False Unit 5 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 Unit 6 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 I passIVe. mreais. 3 D Exercise 3 1 d. 7 Mll!l!!igent. 4 a. 4 wmkIed. rT'O'I9y 2. 3 ~ 4 a . 6 e Exercise 2 1 protejn. 2 g. 5 d. 2 D. 6 a Exercise 4 Patien::e 3. 6 plastIC. 3 d.7.7. 4 Eriksson. 4 vitamins. 3 Wll . 6 i. 7 h. 4 True. 2 bushy. 7 a 8 e """ Exercise 3 l E. 6 c " 'Unit 7 Lesson 1 Unit 5 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 ' ~ 2~ 3a 4l 5~ 6~ 7 ~ 8e Unit 6 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l L 2 a. 8 MageIan.p 11 the magi. Exercise S 1 C. 12 cohabit. chocolate. 3 wanted. 17 postt. 2 died.aDng series. 5 evm thoug/1. 8 b. fifth Bf1d eighlh sentences are correct. 10 e 4 ll\entlOl1. 4 For ttose of you who h special ellecls. 5 True. 2 wrote. cartdlydrate. 7 active.leaVng: 0 6 does. 10 d Exercise 3 1 IS tne latest n this arr-. 3 NeY8I1he1ess. 3 !T<JVl1Y. S iltentlOn. 6 wi. 5 aW!(j. d 1 are going: 2 Unit 4 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 a'e going to. 4 C. a L Exercise 4 1 is gcW'Ig shopping. 3 ~ 4 l 5 a 6 ~ 7 c. Exercise 4 . 10 are. 4 b. Cervantes. 7 ~. 7 rave. 5 detective Exerci se 2 I B.. been annot.3. 9 True Exercise 5 I shotjd be banned.. 7 ltao/. 9 Colntlus 9 iltention Exercise 2 1 0. 5 True. 3 1. 6 oo. wouldn't have struck. 8 arrMgE!ITIent. 2 True. 2 f\C. 4 d. good at tiStenng 3. 7 definite planllO. 4 have been.5. 6 a. 15 Mlsist. a sense of tvnor 2. 5 False.vse. 3 have beefI sold. 2 c. 4 NC. 6 are wailing. 4 hadn't been. 2 h. l b. 5 a. 8 Unit 6 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 C. SC. S is going to. 4 False. 5 Eri<sson. 6 calories. 4 a. 8 is going to Exercise 2 2.re.3. 3 C. 2 A. 4 C. 3 a. 5 A Exercise 4 1 acawniC. 3 True. 6 hQnest. 11 biography. Unit 5 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 d. 4 JX>1. 3 1rne. potatoes: 4 circulation. 3 IS visitng. 5 A 6 F. 8 but for thJse ~ caugh1 !. "'" Exercise 3 1 make new friends. l poetry. attacked: 6 had lailed: 7 had made.10 Exercise 3 t False. 4 SlI'PI1Si'Ig. 2 SlJUCk !. 3 best friend. 8 have protected. 3 1. 6 FCWl. 3 h&aHhy. 4 penci. S tar·wealhe' friend. 3 active. 6 There IS also some ~ acthg. 7 tend. t 8 tradrtiOnal Down: 1 react. 4 B Exercise 2 1 horror stOfY. 2 A. 3 a. 2 k:rve story. 8 a Exercise 3 I CoUnbus. 10 not have been Exercise 3 The secood. 2 c. 3 have been. 6 marry. 6 h. 4 b. 5 True.10 """" _ -J _ .YI. 2 a. 2 H. 9 am going to visit. 6 protective. wouldn 't have left: 6 hadn't made. 4 a. c: 3 C. 3 non· fiction. B silcefa. Exercise S 1 CoUOOus. unheaHhy. 7e. 13 creek. 5 fat. 7 c. woUd have died: 8 hadn't inve1ted. 3 ~ 4 l S ~ 6 h. l a 4 l 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 e 4 detJJaQding. S is going to. l .Workbook Answer Key Exercise 3 1 defme plarVroutne. 6 True. 14 aspire.~ _ _ _ ~_ T263 . 2 ~ul. 2 True. a False. chOCoholiC Exercise 3 l D. 3 and the photography~. 2 Su'e. 10 a Exercise S l d. 2 but then ~ you are a Potter far'!. 4 In spite 01. respect I. 'Jitarni1s. 4 a. 2 had lived. 7 is meetng G Exercise 3 1 f. S didn't go to. 7 have had. 6 False. taken: 5 had. 4 g. 6 i. S you see. 2 b. 10 c 9 a. 2 True. 9 Nevertheless. 3 arrangen"I9'lI. 5 ~ 6 a 7 h. 6 meIar'd'oIy. S are reading. trust I. 2 g. 4 ~. a False. 12 tlstori<n. 6 jaw. 4 absolutely. 2 True. 16 1 had been travetng: 2 had been Io<lkng: 3 had. 6 S\Ke Exercise 6 Across: 4 garbage.IIcn'. 4 is goog to.b. have become Exercise 6 1 pericIil. 8 c. 2 ~ l a 4 ~ 5 ~ 6 ~ 7 a 8 a 9 b. you wonl nm. woojdn't have invented: 5 had been. 10 Although Exercise 3 l a. 7 is going to. 7 F.:ate. 6 b Exercise 2 . 9 saw. 2 Eriksson. 2 A.JIne.'. a tore. 5 bal. 2 Columbus.9 . W(:Mjdn't have desigled: 7 haoo't foond. 3 1OQ1lfident. SIfT'i(I' tastes 4 Exercise 6 2. Exercise 6 I b. 5 b. 3 inOk. 5 el\troverted. a prediCted Exercise 6 Across: 1 urban. 5 j. 5 c. 2 a.<>s<Ys Exercise 2 1 have written. 10 "". 5 hoOOld. 15 moIat. 6 is going sYNmlilg. 1a romantic.. 7 9. a f Unit 4 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 WOUd see. 6 a leaves: 3 Ate. 6 mask. 9 slave. 4 MageIarl. 3 ~ 4 ~ S c. 7 Mhough. 6 Vespucc:i. l C. 4E. 4 D.4. a Vespucci Exercise 4 1 b. 4 are beng printed: 5 ts beng written: 6 be banned. 6 have been e)l8CUled. 9 have corne. 6 In spite 01. do4ng Exercise 6 1 B. 3 True. Exercise 5 1 hadn't started. 7 was shown. 2 are haWlg k.6. 6 Cok. Exercise 4 I False. 8 sc:i. 3 Magellan. 16 offshoot. third.Jd have. 6 C ""'" Down: 2 reserrtie. 10 dr<rnatic. 3 a. 7 were filled: a has.n::h.8. 13 select.- Exercise 5 I oval. 5 Vespucci. would have been: 3 hadn't flown. 2 <M'T~. Exercise 6 1 False.. 2 radilm. 3 B. 14 myth. 8 True Exercise 4 1 ~ 2 a. 5 passive. 4 SCience flC tlOr1. 2 a 3 ~ 4 a . 8 had faJen out Exercise 2 I b . 6 ~ 7 b. going to watch: 4 is goilg 1 cal: Sare. 9 bait. l b. 4 are playing terris. 2 wiI... 4 should be released. 2 trend. 3 E. 10 mabie Exercise S 1 FaJse. start: 7 starts: 8 are going. 4 True. 2 have written. 5 e.5 c.a. 7 overweig1l. 2 A!tt'ough. 10 counterpart. 6 actIVe.

7. but in the h. 5 how he won thai race. This CIbsessm does nO: m. 7 dsciminate. 4 hygiene. 2 Not Efn. 3. 7b . 4 The woman. fHlicIJar. 4 C. 8 ~ Exercise 5 1 Fasa.n.8. 3 telling. the probjem is that most of these diets dor1'l \YOI1(.I6l!lliIi!le!: of ic:e=qeooJ? 8 A 1<aIl.!iI. 7 arEW'I 't they. 3 dscredited. Exercise 3 1 rnusI be. 2 a. Men. il today's society. 6 asking. 8 The man.AJ\t'oou.3. 4 drop. 6 d.. 3 (iStuTtliog. 2 sholJdn1 be aIowed. 5 f. 4 go. 5 rvt.. 2 Pri'lg. 2 True.1!ecCt seen. 9 True..ja?. 5 c. Exercise 5 1 c. 5 the worna. 7 b. B e. 6 ankle. am attracted . 8 g Exerci se 2 1 QaoI~atooof~? 2 How CD!&lJ is that ~ of ~? 3 ~ me the jar: of!:l!loe'i. 7 ~led. 6 J. 4 b.jlt to be W. 10 faHgue. 5 a g'EIaI deal 01. 3 why. 7 False. 7 True.sf maga2i'Ies. 8 getting. 7 'MIa! lIIr&lr: is that . 3 the woman. 3 comersatiOn 5. 4 have a. 4 Fatse. 4 evasion. 9 haven't you..8 Exercise 3 1 The man. 8 'Nhere Exercise 2 1 why I like SOCC8f so 1l1\. 6 protect. 4 detmmination.. 5 Seme. 3 shortage.7. 5 & 6 a.. 2 captiJed. 2 ~tial . 6 what.. 4 whal we need to think abOut. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 4 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 ' Unit 8 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 how. Ill: first Q{ these ~ dyrmic nature Qj most martial arts. 5 He.. In fact. 8 a Unit 10 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 has. 8 dink. 4 abiities. 3 fM:J:y..7. 2 d. 12 pi'npIy 9 c. 8 artistic. 10 h Exercise 5 mage has t!lwiJys t'oeewl ifl1n1ant. 2 goilg. 6 definng Exercise 2 1. 8 .I!1J. 4 a. 7 Seme. 2 how ~ tmgs people together..5. 4 ron. 8c Exercise 2 3. 4 Sane. 4 in order rot 10. 6 reuse. II. 7 IXIbaarable. 5 have you. 10 ablties Exercise 5 1 inlelgence.3 ~ 4 & 5 & 6 b. 7 to. 7 what is reaItt i'npc:rlant. 9 a1i:itic. 4 We. 10 shoUd'l't be W Exercise 4 1 & 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 c. 5 True. 10 waitng Exercise 4 1. 6 the man. 11 obsession. 2 conversatOl l .11 women sperd a lot on ciothes Md jev. 6 " order 10.j..7. 7 n ordef \0. Exercise 4 1 {. 1m secood reason. 3 c. 10 responsible Exercise 4 1 twdy 001. mther tube of toothpaste..d1..7. 7 choose.8 Exercise 4 ~ Exercise 4 1 I.J'lt spent on keeping thin. 6 True.a means Q! self-defense. 6 in~. 3 dissmlinate. 9 Unit 10 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 b. 3 ~ 4 l 5 h. 5 t'oN.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 5 1 ~ 2~3~4L 5~6~ 7a 8~ 9 b.jlt to pay. 2 in order 10. 5 lush. 2 asking. 3 True. 3 The woman. 6 sholJd try. 9 slave Down: 1 SCEI"aio. 8 knees Unit 10 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 drinkable. 10 C Exercise 6 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5~ 6L7~ 8b Exercise 2 1 (] order to.:ritest ~seIf in the pdlxes in IfEI"ti 01 the r.n. 8 turned. vas txx:ty begI'ls to store some 01 the foOd as fat () order to OO'I"pEII'lSate fOr !he next tine yoo starve~! So.. 5 stay. 8 calf """'" Unit 9 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 ~ 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 a 6 ~ 7 c.5. 6 faucet. especiaIy at nigtlt. 7 our. 8 a Exercise 3 1 Waading. 7 chec:kt1g.4. 2 the man. 2 arguing. 4 a. 7 Few. 2 c. 5 rrus!n" du'rlp. 3 so that 4 in order 10. 3 e>:pectancy. b. 5 So as not to. 10 Exerc ise 5 1 ~ 2 d. 4 can'l you. 2 'MIat. 3 waist. S yoo begrl deti1g you CM never Slq>! A worryilg ttKlutjlt lor m<W'Iy ~.6 Exercise 3 1 the man. 9 C. 3 askilg.S. 5 ron-<lefrilg. 3 defrirog. And.". 3 10 do. 5 <r1"IOIXIt. INs <YTIOUlt is stil cdy a Itrd of the amot. 3 bald. 7 pay. 7 supply.6. 6 started. 6 a. knew Unit 8 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 so that. 9 to let. 7 ~ 8 a Exercise 4 1 abilitY. 4 geninQ. 9 vital. 8 our. 4 cIleckrlg. 2 a." Unit 9 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 definr.II:l!l mage tIJaI many ~ martial arts have.. 911". 4 to call.g. 6 telling. 8 So lhal T264 """ . 7 The man. rn.. 7 a Exercise 6 1 heel. 4 False. 7 dleatng. 5 copying. 8 don't they. 4 why. 9 favorite. 5 True. 10 . 9 askilg. 5 abdomen. 6 soong. 3 True. 6 In order to.rmtiaI art. 4 b. 8 drains Exercise 2 1 ~ 2b. 3 Exercise. 3 ought to be n::teased. 10 watch Exercise 2 2. )'CU' txx:ty records tt'is.'e/fy. 3 to. 7 head. Speaker 3 alcohol. 10 Exercise 3 1 anemia. 7 ~ 8 ~ory """" Exercise 6 Across: 1 shil.3. 8 indigestion. 10 c Exercise 2 1 ¥eIl't you. 8 False. 2 l1:1derstand. 3 ccqdina:tOl. 6 COOling. 3 do you. 4 toes. 5 can be clone. 8 True Exercise 5 1 watching. 3 70%. 8 teli'lg Exercise 2 1 tyilg. 9 watching. 5 runericaI. 4 'Nithoul. 5 c:ooversatiOn 2 Exercise 6 1 b. Exercise 6 1. ITlO!e aD!:! more people feet IbaI they need ~ able lQ protect themselves ~ walki'lg ak:lng streets. 6 being.t:l!lOO.6. 5 smoki'Ig.. 4 Vfrf ittkI.. 7 rage. 9 shoUdn't pay. 3 i.. 8 ~ . 6 isn~ ~. Ten times the 8(J)()U')\I . !he dtr'Iger is that cnce Exercise 5 1 inJected. 5 ctronic. i:l. 4 depression. 7 steali'lg.oofirMg. 6 why ~ is so impOrtant to wil. 5 diSOfder. 5 Ill§(l1EII'izil.QgrWtive. 7 Where. 9 ~. 6 ~. 3 a. Speaker 2 stress. and ODe that is corrmon amoog women. 2 anorexia.. Speaker 5 lack of exercise. sperd ahlost len times !'I'ICftl on deti1g II'm they do on make-~ IW"Id other beauty products. 5 b many rea5CIlS It! p€q)Ie W<I1Mg IQ lea'n a. 2 SIMlraI. 2 isn't he. 6 the woman. 8 Unit 9 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 l c.0I ~~. Unit 8 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 see. 5 a Unit 7 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 tying. 4 mnP<llhize. 3 Not Ef1OIJI'}1.... S hall. 9 difference Exercise 3 1 10 meet. 3 how you spend your money.6. 6 dizzy.nat I dislike about boxing. 6 to meet.j. 6 ~ 7 e. 8 bacttm arose. 7 1%. 2 <XlrT'QIiIliIor. 4 expression. 2 so that. 7e. 8 watching. 2 c. 10 very ittkI Exercise 5 1 Not Ef1OIJI'}1. 6 True.toer1 you stM cielilg. Then. 5 imagination. 8 so that Exercise 3 2.tb:... 5 capture.a1t1 a~of ~ 6 We!ii::t two ca100s 01 iI.5. The reason fOr 1M is that .tlen you start eatng agail. 3 a. women in the U. 7 the worna. 2 The WOfl'\af1.n::Ireds of dets that n a'QlJ"Ij WId the (rl'IOU'1\ of ~ spEWlt CIl them. 2 to pass... 3 raIaxng.5.3. 5 The man. 6 Not enou. 2 wrist.10 Exercise 4 1 dlecki'lg. 3 h. In fact. 3 is being rnported. 4 sholJd be erwxuaged. 2 assessing. 2 mcmentlITl. 5 so that.7. 4 determirW'lg. 2 cIefJ:lir).. 10 False Exercise 6 1 shot. 5 g. 6 tape. 4 conversatkln 3.as. 7 telling.tI. 5 assessing. 3 defeaI. 6 ~. 5 to meet. 2 bocke's. 6 a lot 01.. 4 the man.. 3 essence.§ a~. 6 spatial. 1 b... . 5 Checkilg. 8 &xne. Speaker 4 srnoki'v. 8 the man Exercise 4 1 False. I:!ut two reasons n most corrm::n. 4 exaggerati1g. 2 Not mentioned. 2 waitng. 10 doesn~ she Exercise 3 2. Exercise 3 1 4 2~ 3& 4~ 5l6~ 7.10 Exercise 5 1 conversation 4. 8 asking. 2 stress. 9 nauseated. 8 doing.rt f'XIYI8days it seems to be CW'I obsesso'l. 7 Exercise 6 Speaker 1 obesity.. 7 obesity.6.. 2 wit find.

2 con!imf\ated. 7 e. 9 Text B. 7 Text A. 3 1'101es. 2 be wcr1Ii1g. 5 cassette recorder. 7 t 8 c Unit 11 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 a 4.". 8 Climate.10 9d Exercise 2 l a 2 ~ 3 a 4 d... and one that I've been asked before. 6 Neutral. 4 C Eltercise 6 1 waste. 5 had. 6 c. 6 retake. 9 QeSlicides. 2 dr<rna. 10 wOOd yOJ have .. 3 promise. 8 cope Exercise 3 1 take. I have a few questiOnS I'd like to ask you. 10 grades Eltercise 4 1 True.n son and find out v. 10 Bad Exercise 5 1 exam. 7 switch to. 10 have heard Exercise 5 1 False. 2 e<mem. Is 'fOOl son interested in learning English? Has yoot son evet' been to an EngliSh speaking COlI"Itry. 'Nhat it made DoIy such a t:reakt1Tou!tl was thai she was ctoned form the DNA 01 an adult. b S. 2 been recording. 2 has asked. 4 Good. I tlWi<: it's inportant for young people today to realize how useful rt can be to speak another language. 8 be Exercise 4 1 wasnt 2 had conduCted. 6 WOIJd have taken. 2 would-be. 5 provocative. 2 forget. 6 be using. 9 Neutral. 3 had. 12 scarce. Exercise 5 l d . 3 end. 2 ~. 8 Bad. 9 True. 13 melt. read: 7 have been planning. 7 irrlI:!Bltng. 6 False. 4 prtne-time. 8 Emphatic. 4 watched. Eltercise 2 1 made. 4 False. 9 d. 6 certificates """"'. 9 wiI watch. 9 would. 6 ~ 7 ~ 8 a. 10 True 4 program. 5 ~. 3 seen. 3 sirTlJIe. 9 False. 2 B. 4 ~iIizer. 8 begi'ri'lQ Exercise 4 l treatng. 3 contermcng.x1y lor use in operations. 8 mirror.. 10 prevent Exercise 3 1 ~ 2~ 3a4~ 5 ~ 6~ 7 a8~ Unit 12 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 l a 2~3a4a 5a6a 7 a80 9. 6 eoo. 7 'd have bWght. 5 has dreamt. 4 ca<eEr. J. 4 False.5. 11 ntensify. 10 Text A Exercise 4 When sdentists. 7 0. 2 g. 3 A. 2 En'llhabC. 6 CheCkng. 7 slop. 7 amou'll. especiaty English. 6 been taI<ng. Unit 12 Lesson 2 Eltercise 1 l d. 17 Sl. 8 Text B. 5 O:Iicating. 2 Good. 19 modify Down: 1 genes. 5 were. 9 C. 9 1mes. 6 spendng. 3 decade. 3 be suffering. take P1I1 Exercise 3 1. 6 variety. 5 toss. 2 begffiing. 4 end. 9 Good.S. 9 slum. 4 sI'IOUd be. 6 True. retake.2 ~ 3 c.7. 4 lot . 9 Have. 7 cidn't have. 10 sUI. 5 weaknesses. 3 quiz. 4 ~ 5 a . 4 QQil1Iess. or Britan. 5 news. c 2.. 3 True. 6 enter. seen. "'" Exercise 3 3. 3 jarme. 4 have beccme. 12 spring. 5 h. 6 True. 7 wasn't: 8 didn't taste: 9 COUldn't help: 10 were tryilg Exercise 5 Across: 2 Iremeodous. 2 e. 10 9 Exercise 5 l a. 6 WQIjd have watched. 5 False. COfTllIeled: 6 .7. 8 accepI. buI these were . 5 get. 18 flood. 2 pass. 5 False. 3 don't stop. 10 IiIter. 8 watched. somewhere like the U. 16 lush. 5 have risel. This is a diff\cutt questiOn. 5 i. 16 PtJ"nal. 3 Illlake. Exercise 4 1 Bad. 4 a.Q'Jt from ScotlWxl created a sheep named dolly. 9 optiOn. 13 lack Exercise 2 1 fa!. Not ooly dkl Daly take after her biological mother. 6 have. 3 False. 4 True. 10 snapshot. These range from being ate to save II:!l: ~ species to reprOO. 6 a 7 ~ 8 ~ 5 watched. 2 ~ 3 ~ 4 ~ 5 c . 8 a. 7 Errp'latiC. 7 Bad. 9 """"" Exercise 3 1 griwing stuff. 4 will. 7 ~ Exercise 3 1 begiri'lg. 12 fossil. 10 Emphatic -key T265 . 15 a1d awam. 3 Not StnI. 2 True. 10 ~tant Exercise 2 1 games. haven't had. 10 False Exercise 2 1 have viSited. 3 dump.dlg ~!lLorg<ns Unit 11 Lesson 3 Exercise 1 1 buy.I}dant. 2 would. 8 WQIjd have been . Unit 11 Lesson 2 Exercise 1 1 Neutral. exam. 2 a 3 c. 5 beg~. 7 eigibIe. 2 pres&n!. I tq:le ~ acMce ~. 4 hal/9 knOwn. 5 compost. 8 forget. 5 False. 5 Good. 3 Neutral. 7 ~ 8 a . 4 enriCh. 3 hadn't been. she was n fact a carbon copy QI_ CIorWlg of a bit more limited sort has been around lor years. 3 True.6 c. 2 haal't seen.4. 6 D!![VOUS. 8 £W:Iity. 4 Errp'laoc. d 8. h 7 Exercise 2 1 seen. 3 has beer'! tryilg.ood be. or Sritaf1? If I were you. 6 d.. 9 take. S frished. 3 d. 5 11!:&Lish. 5 Neutral.. 3 g-ade. 7 been waitilg. 7 True. 3 j. 4 ~ 5 d .KVive. 17 tricky Exercise 4 1 has been going.4. 6 geaetiCS..S. 10 0 Exercise 6 1 movie. 'Nhat frigltoos many people is the dea that SOO'leCIOe rniglt 10 cIeci:Ie to clone a complete person. 7 have Idled. 7 sitcom. 7 graduated. 8 0 Down: 2 comI:>I'latiOn. ~ co. produced. 9 c. 2 False. 8 reality Unit 12 Lesson 1 Exercise 1 1 f. 5 ~ 6 g. 4 viSited. 11 donilg.tI be very good for tis english. 7 ero. 8 TI\I8 Exercise 5 Dew Juan. 8 wOOd have. I'd tal< to y. 8 True. 5 sette.5.ether he'd Mke to spend a lew monthS in the U. 8 True.10 Exercise 5 l D. 6 cast members. g 3. wished. 6 Not StnI. thus aeating a mocIern day Frari<enstein Exercise 4 1 h. e l. Scientists have t!e!i:a already ctoned rrioe and /rogs.Workbook Answer Key Exercise 2 1 ab. The abi1y to cIcne using DNA leads III to many posslJiIiIies. 6 inspect. 7 8 forgm Exercise 3 1 True. they accomplished what many had thought was an iT1possib1e. 2 ~. f 5. 6 gMlIiI a-cade. 4 overt. 7 False. 15 grade. 4 ~. 3 pressIXe.m from embryos. 4 ability. 2 True. 7 False. 41. 10 d Eltercise 6 Across: 1 dynamic. monster. 4 reviewi'lg. 14 estimate.t. 14 onine.

black Of \'<'hite? B White. 6 Unit 4 Track 13 1 A I ive JUSt around the COfT)9(.I'ld mrr. Mel even su1 the internet .:rs before she was born... to shcm her YOk n a Sln8aist embfuI. Frida KahlO was born on July 6". no! He has realy lair skirt He doesn't have a tan al aiL 1'1 introduce you whoo I see hill. Ka'*l was t:Uking I.. but Maybe. A That's OJIrageotJSl H's not 7 8 Do you use yru eel phone a lot? Does anything annoy)'(Xl about ceA phones? 'Mlat's the most aTOYf'9 thtlg about eel phones? I WWd you be ate to m.chez. 1'1 get you MOther bov. n Track 9 A Sat{s getti1g nmied again.I' eel phone? 3 INhen did you buy yCIl.rrl\s.. how's the rew. B CtI SOtry. B Amazing! A We're goilg to Florida.9'l1 att Md was given the rane "Los FridQs. I ctiiI: """". please. The year after Itis. But v.Workbook Audioscript Unit 1 Track 2 A Hi! I'm MarisoI.IaI name. they're A Look.. 00. I don't wa'1I to SOI. it's not bad. B Agai1! A I saw Matk yesterday.. which one's GIeg? O'I! Wei.Jse 1'1 a Slb. Does he have a 1M? Oh. "'" 4 Were you I1lIIIilld aftar~? Wba1 does ~ n::mJ.. il my cowlry.t nor? It's such a beaulmJ ~'s B pretty CXlI1ll'01 Track 3 1 l'baI..H's great.. A M::l he dktl'l? B No. ¥TfW<l'f.1'1" Of "Stmy" and my parents decided 10 call me Sol. A No way! B Wllat do ycu mean? A I'm not gcWIg. how was the date? B AasastB'. then.ri1g a demcI'lstra\k:l'l against the overthrow 01 PreSIdeflI M)enz of Gwtemala. I bought this lantastic phooo last week..' Track 6 GalS in the cash Unit 3 Trac k 10 on! I hate them. worth that muct1. I get twice as Il1Udl as before. YeOO! Well my dad's illO jazz. B a-.t1y'S She CtI. Oh I know who you me<Yl he's the one with the amazh'J green eyes. way! H wasn't worth ElYQ"'I hall 01 that..8lIe House .I' eel 4 5 6 """" . I was expecling him to pay me back today. Gteg has da1Ier eyes than twn. A Come on. she gave her date of birth as 1910. Bile! Thai's M IAISI. Grace. her family was n for a so. The acOOIn almost proved fatal <n:l certarlj chaflged her iIe. B So ycu WOlUl't go agatl. 4 B No! Reatt? A B Yes? A ThIs soup is realy not hot B A B 2 A So. A """" B weJ. Sol means "$1. A WeI. 2 Cell a:.odesI . but let's say I'm the arty person t kI1O'N who can do it.. H realty annoys me whM someone's eel phone goes off 11 a teS\alnnt (X whM ycu're tablg to them. Unit 2 Track 5 In F~ 20:13.. said. Track 12 1 """'" A So.11 1922. B No way! A Look! IS(1"\ that Brad Pitt? B Yeah! """'" "'" """. sir. C A So. I don'. I'd have to S<l'J fm probably one of the best C 'Ntr{s that firrly? B Because I'm neither and. A And the mooey? B Well. B What did you say yru name Marisol. later..tlt 3f'd day. but my friends call me A 'Wtry not? B WeI. A I passed the exam. reaIy ike it. A No! A Have yoo heard the news? B Wllat news? A Jack and Mgeta have spI~ cp. I cal't lnagi'1e haw people B C A C -' was? I'm Actiana. Seven dayS tater on »113.xprise. B on! OK.1ved i'l the past without them. 2 3 4 5 B lIh. he has bkn:l t\ai'. In teday's progral1 we're goilg to take a brief look al the ife 01this amazing woman... AncIl'm Bile. A wt»ch of these cups is YOOO. ctoog'og the spelling to F-R·I-D-A. He 6'IEI'l made me pay for rT'ri diYler! A Hewhat? A Three hundred doUars. She was ctYisteoed Magdalena. caIed Gasa Aru . A No..wei. so B 01! MIne's the bUl one. red is rcmanti::. Miana? Do you know what it B -""""" Yes. <V1d he borrOwed ~e Track 11 1 Do you have a cell phone? 2 How tong have you had yCIl.I' V8f\j funny because it means "dark and rict1". nvestment A B Wr'rf do \hey cal you Sol? A 'MlIn I was YIlllQ.dI? B FIVe tuJdred doI<r. It's """.. a bJs acOOIn on her W'i# home fn:m sctcd. C No. C famous? She was a jaZZ ~ from Amo'ca. we have to .She dropped the "e' from Frieda 11 about 1935. !hey Oscovered she was worth over S20 milliOn <V1d she had left ~ aI to her catsl RaU Sar. was released. Garmoo Frieda KahlO Y Galderon . 1954. By 1938. get it. and ~ was tefflble. "M<r" is ·sea" and "sol'" IS 'SIJl".. Mile? B What 00 you mea-I? 1925. How would you like yw coflee.h:I'les! I c:otttl't lM:! 'MthoIJ mi'le. So whiCh ones do )'(Xl thilk we should send? wen we can't send the red When Grace McBride died. I A Prid You have to be jokng. the age of seven.:mge withOut ycu cell phone? How often do you text yCIl. C M! What atxluI yw ncrne. """" 2 3 "'" Track 7 4 SI. 1907 n her pamt's ho. play ganes. wei 11 have it n I was named altar Sime Holiday. A Wtr{! 'Mlat happeMd? B I've never met a'1)'OfIe IKe hin. 'M'Iat's y<:u A Well. In fact tt'e{re real)' dcr'k brown. Her II1ai ~ance n p. ived alone WIth her five cats n an old house n the loYII'l 01 f'. A VIIho's he? C Not "he" Bilie Holiday was a A 3 A A B ""'. 00. that's nw.by her stLder1ts. B Yeah. B They're not pink. B When? A He's almost 60.e. A WrJ. Some hiStorians think she did this as rt was also the yeat of the Mexican E 3 Track 1 A B A """"'00. When Glace's !emit saw her wiI.lU1.:rit horne. wei! All the cheaper stores were closed." 3 """"". B """" A I'm I"IaW1g a party. 2 My I!if!l!:IS call me SIll.dl 01 Mtm:o Track 8 A A So what happened? B Wei. 12.". 2 7 8 B Realty? A Do you want to know my 3 B Not rea/tt.XD[[l!. 8 Y~! -. the rT"II:Me "Ffija' . A No. She I'lE!YEI" spent <ny money Md was Mvays weaing the same cbIhes. thaI's actually his t:ro!her Sirnc:wl. A Great haifcuI. what aboot the yf!kIN B I'm not SlXa.like 5 6 7 4 """"" receipt _hy ""'. -~ eatne as a shock. ~ the 194Qs. hOw good are yoo? B WeIA. 4 00 you 1M you' QiIDIl:7 5 It's pretty Q. And wtlen I go on v~tiOn . 3 00 you I!ailtt what you IiIDIl . ~ was alter this acddent that she started paio:1ting.:s an tnJSUaIlliIIIl!I. A can I get ycu a drn<. A So. Maile.bIic was <1. aI I want is peace and qu~t.eN YO!\!.!l i'I my Qty. B Qh. wartt ~ to be ate to conta:t me ni.was tot by her father a few ye.J'. Audloscript . So" these. B Stop shouting. sorry. she was ntrOO. she bec<me sick Mel was diagnosed as suffemg frool polo o 2 6 7 8 """". B Wei. e And what does MarisoI mean? A It me<ns"SlIYJy sea" i1 SpMsh.:b? B WeI. I was B I stJ don'.. AI. I can take pictlJ"ElS. she tat. The f. Mel she was to ive (II her ife there. a local resident. come on! H's orty lor a day.? ~didyouw:yrullillIl!l Mel rTlISS8d tIYae yea-s 01 school. """ """" t~ ye'IcN one. when she entered the Natiooal pr-epiM"atory school. isnl it? A weJ.eN Haven. 8 lottery creda we shoJd send the yellow ones.lced to [)ego RrMa Md mcrried hm 111929. Ka'*l was ~ . I Tha. she dOO at the age d 47.1 rigtlt away. B on! I'm sorry. No. B A How rn. starTing actress SaIrna Hayek.P a reputallCI'l atWld the wor1d <n:l traveled to f'. wtTt WCUd I want a eel phone? I don'.

3 A B A B Sure they did.~ was really embarrassing. "'" by clothes makers and barbers. I was running for the bus and A B tripped. AM' There he was. B Oh. Do you? Do you like the party? Mmmmm. V'Illile we walk around the factory. what do you like eating? B I guess I'm not like many A What do you mean? B Weil l don't really like chocolate. 9 The modern ' lead' ~ersion was invented in England. Track 20 Welcome to Chox. A I was working as a waitress in a restaurant and I spilled SOUp over this man. Hyou can't take a joke. Track 16 1 A So. B A Qualities of a friend? B Yeah! A Well. Miguel. Howe~er. helping me to my feet . 8 This was in~ented by a Norwegian clerk named Johann Vaaler. but I don't like piZZa. Columbus didn't realize that. 7 4 Track 18 1 protein /I chocolate II substance 2 calories II minerals IllIitamins 3 unsweetened II unhealthy II potatoes 4 circulation II carbohydrate /I -< Track 15 A A1l<Ji. A So. INhat do you like eating? B I guess I'm a litHe bit of a A How much do you eat eacll week? B Oh! At least a bar a day! A So. on one of his voyages to the Americas. 3 Both Joseph Swan and Thomas Edison invented the electric version in t878. they feel happy and relaxed! One question I'm often asked is. A But does that mean you onty eat vegetables? B No! In fact. the biggest chocolate factory in the world. 2 A So. he thougllt he'd sailed around the world and reached the Spice Islands. scientists have found that part of the cocoa bean contains a chemical that helps prevent tooth decay! N1CI in the U. USA. 1876. B Morey'? A Come on! t'm joking. Coh. ten me . trust.he's OON your boyjriend. What about you. rt was easy! I dropped my purse and he helped pick up all the things. without a doubt. B So? A Well. people naturally have a ' sweet tooth' . do you? A &lre. then I wouldn't want you as a friend. I guess ~ I had to choose one thing. B 5 fXlPlI\ation wi~ daJbIe. INhat do you like eating? B Ah! A difficutt question. especiaJ~ spaghetti with MaIch. became popular. t hasten to add. It wasn't until almost 100 years later that peope could buy one to keep their f()(Xj cool. Do you know John. what makes chocolate so addictive is all the extra things that are added to rt . whch is added to take rmw the naturally bitter taste of cocoa. most of the time the places he tanded on were islands . A I've never understood 00w FIOI18 and Marl< can be such good friends.. I've neve. when people eat chocolate. In Japa!1. of course. Thurman invented this in t899. They didn't have any A ""'" Unit 5 Track 17 1 John S. a piece of cheese is what I'd have as my comfort food. you talk enough. ~ is very usefut for keeping pieces of pap9f together. [)on 't you? B No.g model was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in B Sure. B Oh! That one. that's true. The ear1iest types of these didn't have arms.none of them dangeroos. But you might rot know that the Aztecs used to use cocoa beans as a kind of money. Track 21 A Hey Jane. Given the choice. wel l. I thougtlt. A Why trust? B Well. Mmrnmm . I think that's too big an age difference and they don't even ~ke the same things. I'm a vegetarian so I don't eat meat.. 00w Ioog have you known Jake? AtXlut seven weeks.. So. B N1CI another quality? A Sometl1ing you don1 have. The first Track 19 1 A So. A Columbus? You mean the glJ)' who discovered America? B Yeah! Except he didn1 discover A """"". who some people think invented this. Do you think fewer peope will get married? Sure. what we know as Indonesia. 4 Marconi. fI. B [)on'. =>d" This was inveflted by accider1t in 1946 when Dr.Workbook Audioscript 4 5 6 7 a A B A B A B A B A B I work in the travel industry.what he called the West Indies. rt's so funny. what qualit. He went from door-to -door cleaning ~'s carpets. FIOI18.mbus was given a gift of cocoa beans. INhat are you reading? B I'm reading an arbcle aoout Columbus. It takes ~s name from Greek and means "far mushrooms. Petey leBaron Spencer found that a chocolate bar that was in his pocket had rnej\ed while he was workilg with mK:rowave radiation. They showed the birth rate and the increase in people 's life expectancy. So. too? YoM Would you like to dance? To dance? Great party! them will get married in the next A few years. A You wouldn 't believe how t met my boyfriend. Probably not. he was the first European to reach America. N1CI 00w did you meet? I was waiting fOf a bus and there he was. a Scotsman. but I'd guess I'd need them to be able to listen to me. they have found that eating chocolate helps fight heart diseasel 6 Earty versions of this were made from DOe piece of metal. put rt this way. B Go 00. for example. many of you will know that chocolate Ofiginally comes from Central i\merica. was the inventor of this technology and Faraday later used the idea. 2 William Cullen. B Well.. That might be true. Wow! But still. SO the population won't grow as quickly as they think. Originally rt was a triangular shape made of wire. honor should go to Leit Eriksson. B What do you mean? A WeB. "He looks nice!' But if he was getting off. but they forgot to mention that fewer people are gening married and many are starting their families later. 00w did you meet? Oh! Nothing unusual. In fact.es do you think are impJrtant in a friend? B Oh. she's about 22 and he must be at !east 50. They were probably invet1ted in Italy. It wasn't unt~ the early nineteenth century that chocolate as a food. A Very fulny. interestingly. The first model used gas for power. rather than a drink. In fact. Sandra. 10 This was invented by a secretary from Texas. Leifwho? AudIoscript . As many poisonous plants would normally be bitter. Yeah. did you see that show on TV last night? B What show? A The one about the world 25 years from now. only made the idea popular. B A Sure. INhat do you like eating? B Well. Mike. It oontained no lead and was given its name by mistake. they rested on the bridge of the nose. She likes going out to discos and he just likes a quiet time fishing. rt would be fish . but it doesn't mean that they won" have children. Most people think 1JJal.S. The first electric model wasn't invented until 1803. lt was an invention with a bright Mure. No. Absolutely! [interested] - Track 14 A So. ' Is chocolate good for you?' Well. but I still don 't think the workir. getting off. Of course. A But that's Italian. No. Chocolate also contains a natural "love drug" . scientists in a number of countries have found that chocolate contains chemk:aJs that have benefrts. yes. I haven't really thought about it. """""'" B """"'". It was very popular as it was easy to correct mistakes. the real popularity of chocolate does not really come down to the cocoa itself. but for me rt's pasta. we were at scho:xlI together. A Yep! B That's pretty funny. ~ has to be money. I' ~ tel you a little bit about chocolate. Did you date at school? No! In fact I didn't ~ke him at all. One of the main ingredients is sugar. A For me.ty favome food is probably Italian. how did you first meet? B Well. rt's no good if someone is jealous or if they don't respect you for who you are. Most of my friends aren't married and I don't tl1ink any of ""'" B 4 A B A What do you mean? 01 course he did. Modern cross·blades are used 2 2 A B A B 3 """ 3 A B A B A 4 . A Isn't ~ incredible that the population of the world is going to double. Well. It is useful fOf writing and drawing and can be erased very easily. B Arld what 's that? A Patience. well.Tryptophan..understood that why did he call them the West Indies? They're nowhere near India. B Yoo don't believe that.

RR TeoI<8l. I can't.A... you stxJN me a woman • """"". Arnefica was named alte' the FIofentne ' " why? Because he was the Iirst person to re<ize that the Americas were no! pM 01 Asia and were. His ears stick out and his eyes are fairly dose- No. HaIry Porter has already exceeded The Lord of the Rings in one way .nallll<e.I'Ider bushy eyebrows.. 5 6 """.. He has a pointed nose and a prominent ctMn. ~ team wasn't the laYoriIe. Woo! A Yeahllwl . Yean! Pretty~.. For me... I know that. nobOOy wi know. the limit's one box Mel one bottle. Unit 7 Track 25 TNs man has a pretty pk. A 'Nhal's the !1OOtest sporti1g moment for you. Can I gJ? Tra ck 31 There are many reasons for people wanting to learn a martial art. It kild 0( captlX9S the rooment.ming or boxilg 01 . are anracted by the inage that many of the martial ats have. Md one wtictt is COI'T'lTlCtl 00"0I1Q women. C AnyItmg to declare? 4 Unit 6 Track 22 1 Do you think M... and the pictures just add to the whOle thir.rnaMgt between good and eW . I read was so ftroy it made me cry! Now that's what I caB good. A Yep! Most. 'Nhat? COlI"S9 it is. Wrj . bot not all.. A But StXeIy if 'PI're Iookilg at the 2004 Olympics. Just Jnagine.Workbook Audioscript B Leif Eri<sson.• . A Vvhere did you get that? I"~. A That jacket. whefe the man gets the WOIl"a"I n the end. dwarves. C School work! You're not lying to me. 10 """"" -" _" 5 6 7 S - • """'... n fact. A But that's not fair. a separate cootflent. Since Lad 01 the Imgs. Vvhat do you mean? A Wei.nat about other fantasy books? Fantasy books have been arOO'ld lor many years. She was oriy 14. IItri. Mom. no? . arl)U19 . as wei as ffiCI1y traditional mythical races such as elves.rmg . " intelligent optmistic • ""'" Unit 8 Track 29 We're going to catch up on some school wO!K. !-is Iorehead is klw and he has a nat some sctooI worK.a theme otten fOlIld illTl(l'l'J fantasy 000ks.. Another woman darning she can c:orrpete against men. A Are you coming to the party tcright? I can't. and she firds out you knew. The last tx:dI. the best moment has to be Manhew" Pinsent winning his fro1h gold in four difftwent Olympics. Probably the most noticeable thing atxJut Tolkien's work is how real his world seems. A 'Nhat with? Yoo're always 00rr0wing I"I"'O"le'I from me! WOO? A You know.ro cx:mpares Hogwarts with Midcle-Earth wi anger Mel outrage Ttfden fans.re. But H I'm goi'Ig to read SClI'lleII'i'g. A Yes. faster.I streets.". Pete? lkl1. that's . However. I did! A Yeah. bot not all. k:lts."""".eJt vMd Mel rea!isoc worlds. A .nat? A WfA. then I'm rot happy. My mom won 't ~t has really deep-set A Come on. rtMte(. • • II's amazing to think that 5 Cervantes and Shakespeare migtlt have died on the same Track 23 A Fa 1M. but the customs officer doesn't need to. I bo.. stronger ••• better..st doo't know WI Should tell her.. The second reason. • • 2 • wiming his fifth gold medal of the 0I'ympic games in Athens.qi. but two reasons are most common. 'MIat was anazing was the lac! that ~ team Oft. But not I.. .. but so wi the men. ""'''' • • • or • • • strength. caIed Middle-Earth. It (3l'. are yoo? No. 2 3 4 Track 26 A Don't be such a baby! Oh. this guy was my nineteen and he could easily be Fb. everyc:ne knows that men <W& better at sp:::rtS than """'. • • • • • S'oWmWlg il the 200B ". He was a Vi<ilg expk)rar 'AOO landed n C<nada arnost 5IXI yeas before CokJmbus set sal n the fifteenth centl..! won by less than taf a second. I r. Ttfden created his own world. ok then. but. 2 3 4 o 5 6 7 S 9 Mm"". nol 00.-.o. E """'." C Wrrf do you w<¥'1t to go 5 6 ? S 9 10 . A AAd why do we cal ~ Arnefica and not CoIumbusiand Of something? B WfA that's easy.. The first 01 these is the dynarric nature 01 most nwtiaI arts. MiChelle Wei. il leday's society. be reaIy 8IYT'I with you. especially at night.man """.1l1 ~.. I txlught it. .. The Lad 01 the Rings is about the age--<t:I battle Track 28 A IIo'1c7N Illi best Iriero's boyfrierd is SEOOg someone else. A B """'" -~. 3 OK..' '>< coordinaton determination mesmeriZing ..nat was reaIy goot was the bok on tis lace after he'd won. She beat a load of men in a tournament. is as a means 01 self-defense. Track 24 Everyone has heard about Harry Porter.:v1owe rni!1l1 h<MI been the real 2 3 4 -' My. the Bmish rna<alhon runner? She can beat most men in the marathon. but wtr{? They have great stories. in particlJl<M'.. I think fflEIClng SI'IOUd be 10" learning. unbelievable! The team had so much stamina and det9l'1'l'Wlation . and wizards. I dal't WMI to have to think \'He I'm reaci1g. she'. ~ has be Michael Phelps . mom.. have been MaOOwe. I think ~ COlJj have been de • • • • swm • • • "".. Sh! Hyou don't ru~. Gymnastics. Frst 01 aI he coIapsed Md then he cried his eyes out when he g:rt tis • . No.but I hated the """"" ""'. 01 CXlUfS& you s!'lotjj! A But d I do. amazirlg cmracters. she'. you have !tYee Ixlxes 01 cigarettes Mel at least two bottles 01 whske. ex cc:use. H you ttri: atxJut ~. His ips ae vesy hAl 00t he has a Iaitt smaI rose.and that is financiaJly. with races 01 00 own OIention. C FICtion! Wasta 01 tme. A Hey! Stop cheamg! A But 'PI're cheatilg.? A WON! look at this j:tloto.. more m more people leal that they need to be able to ~tect themselves when walking aIoo..g. And there's that golfer . A &. 3 TNs .. Yoo won't tel anyone. so I stole it. a biography ex a 000k about real events.mp face. wi) yOOl A 'MIat are you going to do? AbouI. just sit back <V1d erPt it. the Ganacians were.I'1II HatTy Potter has WI')'OOe managed to succeed.. the best part is trying to figure out who dunnit! UI'\Iess there's a good twist n the plot. the teadW wi he<w". can I go """"'" • • toJerny's? B Give me a good murder mystery Mf day. get belter. """"" AeoIy? Oh. For me. A WeI. Wei. the best ItW'Ig is a good klYe story you know.." Oh yea. So? If yw keep quiet. CXle of the best kNOwn is The Lord of the Rings by J. 'Mlat's the point 01 reaOOg abou1 stull that iSn't even ~ NcrN.. !hen I W<VlI it to make me 1aI.. I didn't. Track 32 A HtJ1! Look at lt1is article hero. Surely I guess he may have. not an sports are about A Track 30 ""'"""" A Huh! That's not a real sport. I don't rdy have tine..ro can beat men at n. 2 TNs man has an angular face.what about PaJja Radciffe. many fantasy writers have tried to create eq. 'Nhat I loved was the look of astonishment on his face when he reaized what he'd dOlle. nol Oh. no! just for ILnt People said I wcUd fYW' out 01 them. He has ttwl eyebrows abo\Ie i&'ge eyes. the British • A WeI. Men. have. Tel her you're going to a frierd's to do eyes l. No. Tell me one that isn't.. A ""~. My favorite has to be SpiOerman .. 2 3 4 Track Z1 AeoIy? """" • • """""' """""'''' """'. shl3'1 be so If you doo't. it 0:::000'.. after two iOCmeters of rowilg to win by on~ a fraction of a second .r1. In fact. rigltt Yoo stole~.. reacMg is abou1 reIaXilg.! But vbj was he so A So? A So. .A@in.

jht! It's so easy.. ~ the ones who MI guilty. most people jllS! don·t realize how il1portant """'" genetics implanting 8 '"""""" '""""" """ How rTQ"ly tines has he been Have they firished? """" pesticides 10 resistant Track 43 1 The thing I really hate about this 2 The way in l'Alich games become addictive Track 41 A Look at this packet. because it ShOIJd realty be B A B A B Wei that's!1XJd then. then. 6 7 They've aI becO'ne nalicroal Track 34 2 3 4 spatial discriminate empathize 5 6 7 """'" intelligence discredted Track 38 A On today's program we have Dr.oo? Aanit you're aI just scared. but now I probably orty have about five a day. well. the only thing that changes is wI'le!e ~ is. H's pretty /\my that we cal 0lI" planet "Earth. isn't it? What do you mean? Wf!j. The arncu1t of junk food eaten nowadays. lood . Roberts. people are asking lor ~! My husband suffers from this. Paul Roberts. SQI'l1e ol the QOeSIions ~ to do with shapes.e.. what is? B Wf.. then you're asked to Choose from leu dtferent Shapes end deC:XIe which one best fits the empty space. yes! Pro we ffilISt also remember that lhe ~tity A You mean that the amount of water doesn't change? B No. 5 A B A B A B A B A 1 But one 01 the ideas now is that there MI different ki'ods 01 inteIigenCEI. they're r:rit vegetables. Dr. He ate a v.1 9 II wasn't you. poll" ~ one to ~ you retax.. I'm just saying that unli I know . 11ll6lI1. In fact." yo. lose !-is job...te! We drink two C<W10flS 01 juiCe a doy. then we WOlIki'I'. ~t is the reason? WeI ..nat all the fuss is about. cognitive 8 . and the water goes into rivers and strewns. the tlWlg lhat amoys mel One tt"Wlg that stops people buying vk. evaporates " to the air. A No. . s People just don't watd1 what they eat. A B W9I that was all caused by the cows being led contcrnina. 2 contarmated ""'" How many have you seen? I've never ~ watchi'lg Tv. isn't it? You get heme after a long day at work. lhink of an the lertizers that are """. . ~. Water starts Off in the ocean. it's caIed ~ inteligenCe$. It's also interestng to see what we 00 with water..AIXI what atlererce does thai """"". B """'.telligence.~ we <idn't \hirl( have water. come on! AI food is messed cro. B Good afternoon.. be GM free? B It means the WNS haven't been led with food that's been A A B Vllhat do you 1ll6lI1? B WfA. doesn't it? 8 You cooked this ~f.. But what does GM me<I"I? GeoeticaIy rnc. Good afternoon.0..t do you me<I"I Wrr{?" Wei. A So.nat's the big deal? It's reaIy important 10 know what's in OIS food.nat. you r:rit live once. like musical inteligence Mel ilterpersonal intelligence? Yes./? B CII. A B A B A It's that ~? B Oh. A I tel you .. then !oms douds. 'Twice a week' . Dr. I've neY9I" been very good with spatial tli'lgs.Workbook Audioscript B WeI. just more expensive. Sure. for example... ~'s.b.Ie 01 tile. this ~ is GM free.OOIe bar 01 ChocoIa. I 1Tl!m... We need Mother t!. that's part of its beauty. test B Yaat1! There seems to be one in fMJfy magazine nowadayS. . ""'. """ He. After all.nat it does.. A Wei. as wei as the Well..be 01 toothpaste.. don't you? Track 36 1 To be honest.nat you pay lor. I know it's unhealthy. do you rernerrber allhose scaes abrut Mad CoN Disease a lew years back? Yep! ""'" lood. It'S absokJIeIy scandalous how we continue to pollute the YefY thing that keeps WeI. B But how do you know that? Why can't ~ be the second ""'" 2 3 . Vllhat. one of a number 01 wOOd experts on water. I'm ctMousIy intelgent in one of the """" do. about one pen:ent of the water.n:I with. we can r:rit Qri.. Wei. come Ofl! That's noI the point.to work. messed ~ with.' " abrut it .. W rIOt surprising. atnost three-quarters 01 the SLM"face 01 the earth is coYOred with the stull../? 4 Men don't lYe as long as women. A &. He's.xifiOO. WeI. you've dru1k half a bottle! It's easy to say you don1 have a proIjem. After that.. 3 ." 3 4 5 the terrible graphics. I krDw that! But what does geneticaly mcdified !TI9a"l? WeI. You're gM3n three ~ and a bIri square.. A B "" WeI. 5 6 7 8 9 Track 40 1 . A Wf. A B 4 A """ you have to think Because about the color 01 the backgrourd. gNen how ~ ~ is.st not lair..J. A Oh. B No. The next thing you know. aren't you? 6 You're ~ wi toniojlt.. didn1 ". but I think a lot 01 caIecI "INat&<".nat's in rt am. you won 't catd1 me worrying atxJut it... but I need something to calm my nerves. Something that is viIalto us. and I still don't beUeve they Track 35 1 You're American.. H means that he leaves lor work at about seven in the morning and I'm kicky ~ he's home before nine at rj. B Vllhat? A It says "Contails no GM ingredients. isn't it? W"fI 'Mla. it rains onto the lend. To be hcroest. No. bok at ttis one. I don't know .Jways WOIl)Ylg that he'. but it doesn't mean I'm rot intEligent. my doctor said. A Easy! ~'s the thil"d shape. We recycle water all the time. is~? Fait? Far Ior. In lact. Exactly. that's right...a 00... aren't yoo? 2 ThaI's bad lor YOU.ted So you're S8"ying that GM is the same as contanYlated. A B us alive. but you can learn. A Noway! 8 9 artistic 10 abilities """"'" water is 10 us.. Well. I've art down. M:I how many typeS eX inteligera are thInI ~ to be? Oh! I think it's eight. . B Not atways -there's organic And you're telling me that orgaric food is better for me? B It's probably healltl ier.. I don't see how that tasts .. IMIat ftavcI" is that container 01 k::ecnxm? A can 01 beans. --. Roberts.. After ai. To start with. can't yo.. ~.Alld how rnarrt 00 these socaIed tests check? ProbOOIy r:rit two or tIYee.. but it isn't that easy.1eo games ... don't yo... but it's. 'Nhen we talk about dirty water crd contaminated water..st so easy to drive everywhere. 00 they? 5 You're rrmied.. water.... isn't it? 3 You exercise fNefy day.tlich in tum go back "to the oc:e<Vl .. A Track 39 1 Gan I have a bag of d1ips? 2 How rroch is that bonle of "".. I A B B So. water? B Yes. B Wei. I used to go through aOOut a pack a day.J. I tried to sign ~ to a local hea/lh dub but it cost $25 a week! I know I should waJ<. you get . ~'s <maZing hOw rru::h we waste. I thi'lk the maill'9aSCJl men don't want women COI1l)8ting in the S<ITIEI events is because they're afraid eX bei'lg beaten./? 7 Ths lastes great. hOw rru::h do we use? B Not a lot. Unit 9 Track 33 A Look at this! Another 1. which is far less than you lind in the ICe arru"Id the Natfl and South poles.. thEw"e you go. . was~? 10 You want rTlO!e.. B 5 Unit 11 Track 42 Have you seen the latest reaity 2 3 4 5 Unit 10 Track 37 1 2 6 7 8 """"" • 5 6 "'" foore1 3 7 """ """" drains IV"""'baking so happy? Why's he How long have you been other ways. I ttri:.. A B A Have you &vef taken one? Yes. look. I'm not going to eat rt..o9? 3 4 Pass me the jar 01 honey. A How can mil.

so when I heard they were maktlg MOlher show. But as it is. in a A Well. OK. So. I guess not. so 1I<tla1's ~ ike to be a celebrity? WfA.. if you have 'iflt (JJ8Stions .xational. Ihero are medcaI reasoos. FrstIy... B In what w<J(? e They need to Show ~ know stuff.. there ere also some positive effects and these should oot be Jorgelten. - ""'. 3 Well.l'lCOI'llkrta chairs. 5 Track 50 optirristic 2 -"... "That kXlks M ' . For us that's probably !he most useful thing about them. On tonigll's show 'He'A. h. These kids Jose the abity to sociaize most ~ers play these g<mes aIore. It's absurd to say they don'.. .Jd you want to employ M engineer to build a tri:Ige W they'd fajed thai' 9' 'gi I0OI i WJ - e famous. Wet I'd prefer to watch that than some doct. "Come on. I'm sony you leellhat wWof. doesn't it? I guess some are good. you can cIothat". Hyou had the chcr'lce to do it again. you have to be able to rTI6aSI. We teach CM!I: 12. Dr. Hi. 9 In my company we use them III the time to sea how wei people cope under pressure. Good evooing. How else WOI. let's go to OU" li"st caner. good morning ..(? B A B I ~t kM of wrote in. too.. ~'s adictive trash.Jd you find out who knows things? I failed aI my exams at SChOOl e Not aD. .M:I we go about it? We've been usilg exaTIS oo:Ilests silce we first stood on two legs. be su::x::essfU in ife? B &re .Workbook Audioscript 6 7 8 A the twgh cost. including vigjts to the theater Of sporting events. A OK Tt\CJlk you both. not how sma1 they are. they're watcti"g everyttWlg you do . """"? B . But. One minute I was wOfking in my local supErlTIaIket and the next ffWute . I thoulj11.even when you're A So.xatiOnal inStitufuns. but •. Trac k 45 A Wr:m! Did you see lhat Show on TV last ni!. B It was tooiJle! You ~'t believe how nasty othef people can be! And to know that the wt'toIe COlKltry knows all ycu secrets. was ~ actl. 2 A "'.. yeah! Sure. but that's different. A First. B A I'lld OU" secord guest is the !anile in Africa.. I"d watched the first series Md thOught. from I'lc:lnestay to seII-oontained apMmer1ls. Parks. 10 To be tn'lest. Sam. but tests are a proven way 01 showing ij someone ~ smart e Oh. aren't I? B [)efi1tetj.. A Vohlat? You watCh that stuff as well? """'. then it WOUld be afferent.I"e some peqJIe's knOwledge.no are nterested in pwtic:tlating and not just watchi1g won~ be dsappoiltecl. ArstIy. Ar'IOIh&. .tlWlg ~ that ij the kids are pIayi1g garnes. wei. I'm ctong shcJNs Ike this. 4 Track 49 WfJa:xne to WoocI<n::l Language School. A No. Secondy. ISIder because wgJ """"". are . .l8ti Vv'hat cIo you mean? e Well. You 00her kn:lw it Of you cion'\. it makes people reW:lw what they've stU(ied and that can orVy be beneficial.. ~'s pretty funny. I mean. I mean.Jd you want to go to a doctor who hadn't passed medical school? e No. not even EngIsh? e No! I was tentlle at Ergish. 3 4 arne(iorate 5 6 7 8 9 scientifc 10 tl'8f1SlX(lation . are exans a fair way of frong out how srra1. Leanne on line one. B WeI. ~'s strange reaty. For ex<rTllIe. there B B A e "'yo. Gocx:I evOOng. . ~ isn't natural to spend hoIxs on end staring at a computer Of TV screen.tleIher you'. In reality it's not as clear cut as that.rnentary on people""".J 0lJ'" teachers we n.deo games bad B Thai's a Vf1fY ilterestng question because it treats the topic as vert black and white. This ooabIes us to grve students exact~ wtlat they reQUire. e 0 &re.v goOO someone is at Iakilg tests.". but we're not taIIing. but some of them.xi"1g. B Well. but I think that's and yet I was still pretty successful. we also have iYI extensive social program. An:j how dd you get on the novelist Annie Jones. as there are two Sides to the issue.. J can~ be A -.x)U'11$. Please cal me &vn. but now I'm A I'lld you ttWlk it was worth . - """ pOOtless . 2 WfA. 7 Tests! Completely pointless. many peopIa take a test Mel then forget EM!J)1hing.. oot ..- are the psyd'loIogicaJ reasons. 6 .. """""'.. Dr. ~ was reaJIy bad at the time.. We offer a wide range 01 COO"SeS. as far as I'm concemOO..(0) students a year.st atout school exams... thank you for being my first guest on the . so what's the pOOt? A B Good evening. Parks.. lief! school at 16 without passirY.. 2 3 4 Track 48 """ . rut thai's not the same as being soo::essfU.. no one remembers what they did in a test. if you ask me. ''-''''-''I wortc. So.! gcMng to be taJIOOg to Samantha Wilson.h. come on! You can't reaIri believe that. it's geat to be here. Those of you. A 'MIat.. it really depends on the test. They my measue hcr. but others ¥8 a waste of time. Before we take yr:AJI cals. e But TV stnJId be reIa. On the one hand there is ~ of evidMce to Show that W:teo games can be bad. I mean. Dr. the tI1ng thai pefSU&CIes Ptq)Ie \0 buy the game. An:j WOI. 0 Me. ~ has to be the ~ w&i. does passirY. B So I guess you watch aI those soaps Md reaity Track 47 A ~e waste of lime. we have two guesls in the studo that have dfIerilg W3ws on the vakJe 01 exMIS."'" ••. one of the IeOOng exam boards in the COUltry.. One thing I've noticed is thatl'T'Wly kids who play lots 01 these gcrnes have ~ Q. wt1ich is a considerable number.tlt? Tho _ _ _ B 'M'ich one? A - ~agajn.. A Just shows hem sI'\aI::Jw you e Track 44 0 Hey! No need to be Ilde.y quaified <n:I have experience 01 workilg in a variety 01 ro.. e In wtich case.. There ere <itlerent types of accorrvnodation available.. P. Ryan. HcM'eYtY. wOO<. Ivan ParIts who ~ the head of Awonl. WeI. star of Channel 1's latest reality SOOw. " paape had to retake !hem f!NelY few yen. e I'm sony. e -. We also ~p our students with theW accorrmodation needs. WOI.j exans Show v. MMy 01 these games are extremely vioIeI1t and this can't be good for young people. so ~ 's reafty difficu~ to S2tj.. Unit 12 Track 46 A The phone-in on teday's show is about exams and how ~t they ere. how else WOI.. An exciting commercial ()l10dayS program we'lS askJ'g Ate I'Ii:1eo games bad fa )OO? In \he stLdo I have Ryan Ferguson.. Sa-Mntho. the biggeSt problems we social. 0 Yes. After ai.. WOI. Scm. as wei as headaches and even problems with tOOr tmds Md fingers. they can damage you'" eyesight.ick reactiorls and geat hcn:Ieye coordnation. who has been carrying out research on this topic for more than three years. I1CM' I'm makilg lots 01 money and 11 never have to wOOl.. people ere? B 01 cx:use they n. A An:j what -""'" .. 8 They don't ~ a thing! I passed my math exa-n 00:1 yell stiI e<n'1 baance my acc. 5 6 7 8 """'" """"" ".Jd you? B Oh. B Yes. e INrri wooId you want to watch that stuff? A Because it's ro. People also suffer from backadle from sittOg in l. Ryan. I think yoJ've both!1Y&1 us !lings to think about. makilg it possiJIe lor us to find somethi ~ to slit ~ who o:mes. We h::Jpe that you'" time here will be both ~ and useflJ.j ant of my ex<ms..IuOOg TOEFL and Business Engish. Evening. at least they can~ be gelling into trouble on the streets. ""fI .

lSa .oom. reprinted by permission 01 the publisher. 96. 00. 65. CorbiS/ Francis G. S7. 147 (old man). CorbisI RuffIIS F. SpoIV Wamer Bros. Corbis! Stapleton COllection p52b. 108. The authors and publisherl> would like to thank all the leachers and students who contributed 10 the development of this course. 44 . 01180 M6xico. Corbis. Unit g: Lesson 5: Tha Logical Song Words and Music by Roger Hodgson & Richard Davies copyright CI Delicate MusiclAlmo Mllsic Corporation. 94a. 137.142b.R. Alamyl John Pa l Vi lh elmsson. 2006 Student's Book text C .. 147 (old woman). USA 2002. Alamyl Andre Jenny pIDl . Corbisl Craig Tt. Edwin Giebelen. Printed and bound in Thailand Thil boo!<. transm itted in any form.5 . All Rights Reserved . 38 (header). de C . Comm issioned Photographs by: Dean Ryan PI> 38a..V. The authors and the publishers would like to thank the following for permission to reproduce their photographs . Union Toots p67a. Alamy/lmage 100 PI) 72. 124b. 263. 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and fol low-up tasks. students will have the confidence to express t hemse lves. reflect who t hey are. challenges. and approach learning with attitude! Attitude lets you be who you really are . learning tips.Attit[!]de Build Positive Attitude Ensu ring that students have a positive attitude to learning is the key to thei r success. Communicate with Attitude With so lid learni ng foundations. and reflective activities. Attitude engages students in a learni ng experience that is both meaningful and re levant to their current reality_ Develop w ith Attitude Attitude introduces a unique focus on the development of study and writing skills.in English! . Through a series of high -interest topics. empowering students to become effective learners through awareness-raising activities.

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