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How To Learn English Grammar
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English Grammar Lessons covers the basics of word usage, including nouns, pronouns, verbs, propositions and adjectives. It shows how they work together to form sentences and ideas, and how misuse of grammar can lead to serious misunderstandings.

Nouns take on plural or singular meaning. Verbs take on past, present, and future tenses. The meaning of what we say depends on the correct word choices that we make. Of course, nouns and verbs are modified by adjectives and adverbs for greater descriptive value. Using all of the words at our disposal in the correct way makes our language sing with taste, color, and texture.

English Grammar Lessons also deals with words that are spelled alike or sound alike but must be treated differently in order to avoid confusion. Synonyms and homonyms can confuse and bewilder the best of us. Also, the rules of pronunciation can become confusing, and the book sets out the major rules that govern pronunciation.

In addition to grammar rules, the book shows how good and exciting composition can liven up a bit of prose and keep it from becoming dead and dull. Composition involves using words to create a vivid picture. Each word is like a brushstroke of bright color that paints a unique scene.

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ISBN: 1370617585
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Lessons

It is an excellent idea for non-native residents of the United States to learn the English language. It is not necessarily easy to learn, but if you are looking for a job or wish to communicate with native speakers, it is important that you make the attempt to improve your grammar in order to make yourself understood and understand others.

As you study the simple rules presented in this book, don’t be afraid to use them. If you make a mistake, ask to be corrected. Read as much English as you can to immerse yourself in this language. Write emails in English, even if it is initially a struggle. It will get easier, and you will be proud of the results.

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Chapter 1: Words In A Sentence

The words used to construct a sentence can have all sorts of functions, but the two most important parts of a sentence are the noun and the verb. The noun is the person or entity that is acting, such as a name, person, idea, or thing. The verb is the action.

Nouns and Verbs:

For example:

John acts.

Judy sings.

Karen is worried.

The concert ended.

The above are complete sentences. There is a person or thing and an action.

A pronoun takes the place of a noun, but serves the same function.

For example:

He is walking.

They are coming to dinner.

She is annoying her brother.

You are behaving irresponsibly.

There are more parts of sentences.

Preposition:

A preposition defines the action further.

For example:

John is walking through the park.

John is walking after lunch.

John is walking along the river.

Adverbs:

An adverb describes a verb and explains how, when, where, or what the action is.

For example:

John walked slowly. (How did John walk?)

John regularly walked to work.(When did John walk?)

Adjectives:

Adjectives also describe, but they describe nouns.

For example:

John walked through the beautiful park.(Beautiful describes the noun park.)

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Chapter 2: All About Verbs

Verbs indicate motion or action.

Examples of verbs are: speak, sing, sit, smile, work, wear, cook, and jump. Anytime there is action or motion, there is a verb. This includes action that one cannot see, such as think, ponder, admire, and enjoy.

For example

Paul enjoyed the movie.

Martin smiled when he saw Kris.

Barbara admired the painting.

He thinks he can get away with mischief.

A sentence can have more than one verb.

Before Annie sat, she spoke to her mother.

He looked for true love and eventually found it.

Verbs can be helping verbs, i.e., they help another verb.

John will graduate.

John won’t graduate.

John can graduate.

John must graduate.

Notice how each helping verb clarifies the verb and helps make the meaning clearer.

Verbs indicate action, and action can take place at different times. For example, action can happen yesterday, today, or tomorrow, or it can be ongoing. To indicate the difference, verbs take on different tenses.

Present Tense Regular Verbs:

This is action that is happening now.

First Person I run

Second Person You run

Third Person(s) He or she runs

They or we run

First Person I study

Second Person You study

Third Person(s) He or she studies

They or we study

The third person singular requires the addition of an ‘s’ or an ‘es.’The first person and the third persons remain the same.

For example

I wake up He wakes up

You wake up She wakes up

They do very well He does very well

I do very well

Irregular Verbs:

Irregular verbs are simply that – irregular. They have different rules.

First Person I am

Second Person You are

Third Person(s) He or she is

They or we are

First Person I have

Second Person You have

Third Person(s) He or she has

They or we have

Since irregular verbs have no clear rules, the only way to learn them is to become familiar with them.

Example of Irregular Verb Usage: Present, Past, and Past Perfect Tense

Present: I go the school today.

Past: I went to school yesterday.

Past Perfect: I had gone to school before I remembered my homework.

Present: I sing in the choir.

Past: I sang in the choir.

Past Perfect: I had sung in the choir.

Future Tense:

Sometimes, the action has not taken place but will take place at a later, future date.

Future: Mark will sell his car.

Future Perfect: Mark will have sold his car before he leaves for college.

Future: George will go to work.

Future Perfect: Mark will have gone to work by the time the children are awake.

Past Tense and Past Perfect Tense

The past tense is used for an action that has already taken place.

The past perfect is used for an action that took place Before another action took place.

For example:

Mary worked for the company. (past – Mary used to work there.)

Mary had worked for the company before she retired. (retired is a past tense; had worked is past perfect because the action happened Before the past action)

Noun/Verb Coordination:

A singular noun takes a singular verb, and a plural noun takes a plural verb. However, it is not always clear whether the noun is plural or singular.

For example:

The designs are beautiful.

The design is beautiful.

The design of the buildings is beautiful.

Their thick skin is easier to peel than some other oranges.

All of the meat is gone.

In the third example, the subject noun is design, which is singular and therefore has a singular verb.

In the fourth example, the verb ‘is’ refers to the noun ‘skin.’

In the fifth example, meat is a singular noun.

Coordinating the noun to the verb can get tricky.

For example:

The problem was the cars that blocked the driveway.

The singular verb was in this instance refers to the word problem, a singular noun, and not the plural noun cars. Make sure you know to what the verb is referring.

The meal that the children ate was delicious.

The singular verb was refers to the singular noun meal.

The problem was the cars that were blocking the driveway.

Note: Was refers to problem, and were refers to cars.

To keeps it interesting,