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Portuguese English Frequency Dictionary - Essential Vocabulary - 2.500 Most Used Words: Portuguese, #1

Portuguese English Frequency Dictionary - Essential Vocabulary - 2.500 Most Used Words: Portuguese, #1

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Portuguese English Frequency Dictionary - Essential Vocabulary - 2.500 Most Used Words: Portuguese, #1

valoraciones:
3/5 (3 valoraciones)
Longitud:
788 página
6 horas
Publicado:
Jul 18, 2016
ISBN:
9781536538571
Formato:
Libro

Descripción

Essential Modern Portuguese Vocabulary for Students and Learners

The fastest way to acquire a base vocabulary for practical spoken and written Portuguese!

We have included both Brazilian and European PT in our dictionary.

2nd Edition Updates:
- Added 2.500 Portuguese to English Example Sentences for Word Usage.

- Added International Phonetic Alphabet transcriptions for every Portuguese word to help you get the pronuncation right.
 

Scientific research has shown that in day to day speech, you only use about 1.000 words a day., 


The 1000 most common words in Portuguese account for 95% of all daily conversational Portuguese. The 2.500 most used words account for 85% of all daily written PT.  

The essential Portuguese- English Word Frequency Dictionary 2.500 words and verbs give you a list of the most useful words to build your Portuguese vocabulary fast. These high frequency Portuguese words are a great tool for beginners and intermediate students. 


This electronic mini dictionary is a invaluable tool if you want to teach yourself PT. 


It contains the 2500 most common words and the 487 most common verbs in Portuguese. 


Learn only the most important and most used words & verbs to quickly gain a practical knowledge of spoken and written Portuguese.  


This Portuguese frequency dictionary is perfect for beginners and intermediate students of teenage or adult age. It is less suitable for kids and children.


Learning from a Portuguese vocabulary list is a great way to learn Portuguese fast.


More fun facts on language learning and vocabulary:


•    The first 25 words are used in 33% of all everyday writing
•    The top 100 words make up 50% of all student and adult writing
•    Top 500 words make up around 70% of all everyday text. 


It has been advised to first learn the first 1000 most common words before you start speaking a new language. The facts aforementioned seem to confirm this. 

That is why we created a list of the most used 2500 Portuguese words, and 479 most common verbs. With these words, you are able to cover 85% of the Portuguese language in text (enough to discover the meaning of unknown words through context), and 95% of all of the in day-to-day spoken situations.

It is therefore a rational move to prioritize learning the words and verbs that you are likely to use and hear the most often. 

Frequency dictionaries and word lists are a good starting point, and can produce the quickest results. 

The most common Portuguese words & verbs list will give you a good grasp on the Portuguese language in a short amount of time. 

The word frequency is based on analysis of Portuguese subtitles. Scientific research has shown that subtitles are the best source of a practical, spoken frequency dictionary in any language. 

Subtitles correlate to both spoken and written Portuguese. 

The product is unique and the best way to understand and speak Portuguese quick, because other frequency dictionaries base themselves on written text. 

By studying this dictionary with the 2500 most common words and 487 most common verbs, you will quickly gain a broad understanding and practical knowledge of spoken and written Portuguese.

Publicado:
Jul 18, 2016
ISBN:
9781536538571
Formato:
Libro

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Portuguese English Frequency Dictionary - Essential Vocabulary - 2.500 Most Used Words - J.L. Laide

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Index

Index

1. Why this dictionary was created

2. Study tips

3. How to use this dictionary

4. Portuguese – English Frequency Dictionary

A.Adjectives

B.Adverbs

C.Conjunctions

D.Interjections

E.Nouns

F.Numerals

G.Prepositions

H.Pronouns

I.Verbs

5. Portuguese – English Alphabetical Dictionary

6. Further Reading & Resources

1. Why this dictionary was created

This dictionary was created because I needed a word list of the most frequent used words & verbs in Spanish, to help me learn that language in the shortest amount of time possible.

I started passing it around to friends and got great feedback on it, so I decided to turn it into a book.

I applied the same principals to different languages, and aim to create series of all major languages. This way everyone is able to learn a new language in a fast and efficient way.

I hope you find this book as useful as it was for my friends and I.

Why study by frequency?

If you´re not familiar with the importance of frequency word lists when it comes to language learning, here is a short summary:

Language learning is fun, but can be overwhelming. Almost every language as hundreds of thousands different words, but most of them you will rarely use. That’s why it makes sense to study only the words you actually need to know to have conversations and read in your desired language.

Frequency dictionaries are usually either text based, or speech based. The unique advantage of using subtitles as a method of frequency sorting is that it covers both speaking and reading (73% and 83% respectively).

By only studying the words you will actually use, it is possible to gain a good grasp of a language in a short amount of time. By knowing 2500 words, you can express yourself in everyday situations and be fluent enough have conversations with locals.

On average, you only use 1000 words in any language on a daily spoken basis. This translates to roughly 95% of all words you use daily speech. When it comes to reading, 2500 words will get you to understand around 85% of all words used in written text.

This is idea is based on the Pareto Principle.

You might have heard about it. Pareto was an Italian economist who discovered that 80% of the output comes from only 20% of the input (or material, or effort).

It also applies to language learning. To understand 95% of a foreign language, and become fluent enough in everyday speaking and reading, it might take 3 months of applied learning.

But to get to a 98% understanding might take 10 years. Talk about diminishing returns!

I´m not promising you to speak like a native.  That is completely up to you. But, in my opinion, it´s a waste of time. The goal of acquiring a new language is to be able to communicate. Not to speak without errors. Most natives don’t even speak without making mistakes.

When you acquired your first language as an infant, did your parents give you hours and hours of detailed grammar study? (I hope not)

Build your vocabulary, learn basic grammar and go out there and speak. Make mistakes, have a laugh and learn from them.  Good luck!

2. Study tips

While you are free to do whatever you want with this dictionary, I would like to give you some pointers.  By learning just 28 new words a day, you can build up your vocabulary to fluency in three months. If you dedicate yourself and learn 43 new words daily, two months is possible. Here are a couple of tips to build up your vocabulary fast, and to keep remembering what you previously learned.

Spaced repetition

Hack your brains ability to store and recall information. The most efficient way of studying is by incorporating the system of spaced repetition. This way you can store information faster, and for a longer amount of time. Paul Pimsleur published a paper in 1968 on spaced repetition. He came up with the following intervals: 5 seconds, 25 seconds, 2 minutes, 10 minutes, 1 hour, 5 hours, 1 day, 5 days, 25 days, 4 months, and 2 years.

You do not need to time yourself with a stopwatch, as there are upper and lower bounds to the intervals.  Just revisited the words you have previously learned from time to timey.

(Interactive language learning software and audio courses are based on this principle, and they can work really well. To see which ones are great investments, and which ones are terrible, read our reviews of different 3rd party language learning methods, audio courses, software and apps on www.mostusedwords.com/reviews )

Mnemonics

By giving creating a little story with a word, it’s easier to remember. The more visual it is, the easier it is to remember.  My favorit personal favorite is for the Spanish word caber. Caber means to fit. Now picture in your mind a bear and a cab. The bear wants to get in the cab, but it’s having difficulties. After all, it’s really hard to fit a bear in a cab. By creating little visual stories like these, it’s much easier to remember vocabulary. These principles are suitable for any language, or just anything you need to remember.

Cognates

Instant vocabulary doesn’t get any better than this. Cognates are words that share a common etymological origin. Portuguese and English share about 30% of their vocabulary in cognates. Instant vocabulary doesn’t get any better than this. Cognates are words that share a common etymological origins.  How do you find these words, you might ask. Use these cognate rule of thumbs to find cognates between English and Portuguese

On Verbs

Short regular verb conjugation overview:

Read

Active reading helps greatly with building your vocabulary and developing a sense of grammar. Read out loud. Hear what you’re reading. Get used to the way the language sounds, and you will also get a grasp for the endings of verb conjugations this way. Reading helps solidify your vocabulary, because you are using the method of spaced repetition while reading. When you read, and don´t know a word, you can usually discover it by the context. For some reason, words discovered through context are more easily remembered than when you study them from a list.

Anyway, you can get bilingual books from either a bookstore or from www.mostusedwords.com/parallel-texts. Our selection is ever expanding, so check for updates regularly. It currently spans the range from English to Portuguese, Dutch, French, Italian, Spanish, German etc.

Listen

Turn on the Portuguese (internet) radio, download songs in Portuguese, and watch Portuguese series. Conversing along with your favorite soap opera is a great way of getting around a new language.

Watch

Change your phone and/or computer into Portuguese. Nothing helps you acquire a new language as much as necessity.

3. How to use this dictionary

On Part of Speech definitions

We made the decision to give the most common use(s) of a word as the part of speech. It does however, not mean that this is the only part of speech the word can be used for. Certain verbs (or conjugations thereof) can be used as adjectives, and certain words can be verbs as well as nouns. Some words can be adverbs, adjectives and pronouns, etc.

International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA)

In the beginning, pronuncation can be tricky. The IPA entries for each term can help you, by telling you how to pronounce a word the right way. For more information and instructions on pronunciation of the IPA, visit www.internationalphoneticalphabet.org. It’s quick to gain an understanding of the IPA pronunciations if you are already familiar with the sounds and way of speech of the language you’re learning.

4. Portuguese – English Frequency Dictionary

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