Romanian Verbs (100 Conjugated Verbs) by Karibdis - Read Online
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Especially written for electronic devices, Romanian verbs has an introduction to the formation of all verbal tenses in Romanian, as well as 100 essential verbs fully conjugated with their meaning. This book allows the user to search in all the text because it has no images or vanishing or unreadable text.

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Especially written for electronic devices, Romanian verbs has an introduction to the formation of all verbal tenses in Romanian, as well as 100 essential verbs fully conjugated with their meaning. This book allows the user to search in all the text because it has no images or vanishing or unreadable text.

Editorial Karibdis

Romanian verbs

100 verbs series - Volume 7

First edition

Karibdis 04.05.18

Original title: Romanian verbs

© Editorial Karibdis, 2018

Cover design: Karina Martínez Ramírez

Vector cover image: Creative_hat / Freepik

Digital editor: Karibdis

First edition: may 2018

All rights are reserved. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission. The unauthorized reproduction of this copyrighted work is illegal. No part of this book may be scanned, uploaded or distributed via the internet or any other means, electronic or print, without the publishers permission.

If you find any misprint, mistake or typo in this book and you want to communicate it to us, please write us at the following email: idiomaskaribdis@gmail.com. We will be very pleased to receive your comments, doubts or other observations in order to make this book better.

ROMANIAN VERBS

1. Introduction

Romanian language belongs to the Romance languages like Spanish, Italian and French. The main features of the Romanian language are:

mood: indicative, subjunctive, conditional, presumptive, imperative

tense: present, past, future

person: first, second, third

number: singular, plural

gender: masculine, feminine

voice: active, passive, reflexive

2. Classification of verbs

Romanian verbs are divided into eleven conjugations, according to the ending of the infinitive and the suffixes:

1st conjugation: the infinitive ends in -a and has no suffix

2nd conjugation: the infinitive ends in -a and has the suffix -ez / -eaz-

3rd conjugation: the infinitive ends in without suffix

4th conjugation: the infinitive ends in -i without suffix

5th conjugation: the infinitive ends in -i without suffix

6th conjugation: the infinitive ends in -i and has the suffix -esc / -eşt-

7th conjugation: the infinitive ends in and has the suffix -ăsc / -ăşt-

8th conjugation: the infinitive ends in -ea without suffix

9th conjugation: the infinitive ends in -e without suffix

10th conjugation: the infinitive ends in -e without suffix

11th conjugation: the infinitive ends in -e without suffix

3. Present indicative

3.1. First conjugation

The present indicative of the first conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ø, -i, -ă, -ăm, -aţi, -ă:

CÂNTA (sing)

cânt

cânţ-i

cânt-ă

cânt-ăm

cânt-aţi

cânt-ă

3.2. Second conjugation

The present indicative of the second conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ez, -ezi, -ează, -ăm, -aţi, -ează:

DANSA (dance)

dans-ez

dans-ezi

dans-ează

dans-ăm

dans-aţi

dans-ează

3.3. Third conjugation

The present indicative of the third conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ø, -i, -ă, -âm, -âţi, -ă:

VÂRÎ (enter)

vâr

vâr-i

vâr-ă

vâr-âm

vâr-âţi

vâr-ă

3.4. Fourth conjugation

The present indicative of the fourth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ø, -i, -ă, -im, -iţi, -ă:

OFERI (offer)

ofer

ofer-i

ofer-ă

ofer-im

ofer-iţi

ofer-ă

3.5. Fifth conjugation

The present indicative of the fifth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ø, -i, -e, -im, -iţi, -ø:

DORMI (sleep)

dorm

dorm-i

doarm-e

dorm-im

dorm-iţi

dorm

3.6. Sixth conjugation

The present indicative of the sixth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -esc, -eşti, -eşte, -im, -iţi, -esc:

GLUMI (joke)

glum-esc

glum-eşti

glum-eşte

glum-im

glum-iţi

glum-esc

3.7. Seventh conjugation

The present indicative of the seventh conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ăsc, -ăşti, -ăşte, -âm, -âţi, -ăsc:

HOTĂRÎ (decide)

hotăr-ăsc

hotăr-ăşti

hotăr-ăşte

hotăr-âm

hotăr-âţi

hotăr-ăsc

3.8. Eighth conjugation

The present indicative of the eighth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ø, -i, -e, -em, -eţi, -ø:

PĂREA (seem)

par

par-i

par-e

păr-em

păr-eţi

par

3.9. Ninth conjugation

The present indicative of the ninth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ø, -i, -e, -em, -eţi, -ø:

ÎNCEPE (begin)

încep

încep-i

încep-e

încep-em

încep-eţi

încep

3.10. Tenth conjugation

The present indicative of the tenth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ø, -i, -e, -em, -eţi, -ø:

MERGE (go)

merg

merg-i

merg-e

merg-em

merg-eţi

merg

3.11. Eleventh conjugation

The present indicative of the eleventh conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ø, -i, -e, -em, -eţi, -ø:

RUPE (break)

rup

rup-i

rup-e

rup-em

rup-eţi

rup

4. Compound past

The compound past of indicative of all verbs is formed with the auxiliary verb a avea (have) in present indicative plus the past participle of the main verb:

CÂNTA (sing)

am cântat

ai cântat

a cântat

am cântat

aţi cântat

au cântat

5. Imperfect

5.1. First conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the first conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -am, -ai, -a, -am, -aţi, -au:

CÂNTA (sing)

cânt-am

cânt-ai

cânt-a

cânt-am

cânt-aţi

cânt-au

5.2. Second conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the second conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -am, -ai, -a, -am, -aţi, -au:

DANSA (dance)

dans-am

dans-ai

dans-a

dans-am

dans-aţi

dans-au

5.3. Third conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the third conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -am, -ai, -a, -am, -aţi, -au:

VÂRÎ (enter)

vâr-am

vâr-ai

vâr-a

vâr-am

vâr-aţi

vâr-au

5.4. Fourth conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the fourth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -eam, -eai, -ea, -eam, -eaţi, -eau:

OFERI (offer)

ofer-eam

ofer-eai

ofer-ea

ofer-eam

ofer-eaţi

ofer-eau

5.5. Fifth conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the fifth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -eam, -eai, -ea, -eam, -eaţi, -eau:

DORMI (sleep)

dorm-eam

dorm-eai

dorm-ea

dorm-eam

dorm-eaţi

dorm-eau

5.6. Sixth conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the sixth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -eam, -eai, -ea, -eam, -eaţi, -eau:

GLUMI (joke)

glum-eam

glum-eai

glum-ea

glum-eam

glum-eaţi

glum-eau

5.7. Seventh conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the seventh conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -am, -ai, -a, -am, -aţi, -au:

HOTĂRÎ (decide)

hotăr-am

hotăr-ai

hotăr-a

hotăr-am

hotăr-aţi

hotăr-au

5.8. Eighth conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the eighth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -eam, -eai, -ea, -eam, -eaţi, -eau:

PĂREA (seem)

păr-eam

păr-eai

păr-ea

păr-eam

păr-eaţi

păr-eau

5.9. Ninth conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the ninth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -eam, -eai, -ea, -eam, -eaţi, -eau:

ÎNCEPE (begin)

încep-eam

încep-eai

încep-ea

încep-eam

încep-eaţi

încep-eau

5.10. Tenth conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the tenth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -eam, -eai, -ea, -eam, -eaţi, -eau:

MERGE (go)

merg-eam

merg-eai

merg-ea

merg-eam

merg-eaţi

merg-eau

5.11. Eleventh conjugation

The imperfect of indicative of the eleventh conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -eam, -eai, -ea, -eam, -eaţi, -eau:

RUPE (break)

rup-eam

rup-eai

rup-ea

rup-eam

rup-eaţi

rup-eau

6. Pluperfect

6.1. First conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the first conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -asem, -aseşi, -ase, -aserăm, -aserăţi, -aseră:

CÂNTA (sing)

cânt-asem

cânt-aseşi

cânt-ase

cânt-aserăm

cânt-aserăţi

cânt-aseră

6.2. Second conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the second conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -asem, -aseşi, -ase, -aserăm, -aserăţi, -aseră:

DANSA (dance)

dans-asem

dans-aseşi

dans-ase

dans-aserăm

dans-aserăţi

dans-aseră

6.3. Third conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the third conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -âsem, -âseşi, -âse, -âserăm, -âserăţi, -âseră:

VÂRÎ (enter)

vâr-âsem

vâr-âseşi

vâr-âse

vâr-âserăm

vâr-âserăţi

vâr-âseră

6.4. Fourth conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the fourth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -isem, -iseşi, -ise, -iserăm, -iserăţi, -iseră:

OFERI (offer)

ofer-isem

ofer-iseşi

ofer-ise

ofer-iserăm

ofer-iserăţi

ofer-iseră

6.5. Fifth conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the fifth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -isem, -iseşi, -ise, -iserăm, -iserăţi, -iseră:

DORMI (sleep)

dorm-isem

dorm-iseşi

dorm-ise

dorm-iserăm

dorm-iserăţi

dorm-iseră

6.6. Sixth conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the sixth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -isem, -iseşi, -ise, -iserăm, -iserăţi, -iseră:

GLUMI (joke)

glum-isem

glum-iseşi

glum-ise

glum-iserăm

glum-iserăţi

glum-iseră

6.7. Seventh conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the seventh conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -âsem, -âseşi, -âse, -âserăm, -âserăţi, -âseră:

HOTĂRÎ (decide)

hotăr-âsem

hotăr-âseşi

hotăr-âse

hotăr-âserăm

hotăr-âserăţi

hotăr-âseră

6.8. Eighth conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the eighth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -usem, -useşi, -use, -userăm, -userăţi, -useră:

PĂREA (seem)

păr-usem

păr-useşi

păr-use

păr-userăm

păr-userăţi

păr-useră

6.9. Ninth conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the ninth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -usem, -useşi, -use, -userăm, -userăţi, -useră:

ÎNCEPE (begin)

încep-usem

încep-useşi

încep-use

încep-userăm

încep-userăţi

încep-useră

6.10. Tenth conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the tenth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -sesem, -seseşi, -sese, -seserăm, -seserăţi, -seseră:

MERGE (go)

merg-sesem

merg-seseşi

merg-sese

merg-seserăm

merg-seserăţi

merg-seseră

5.11. Eleventh conjugation

The pluperfect of indicative of the eleventh conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -sesem, -seseşi, -sese, -seserăm, -seserăţi, -seseră:

RUPE (break)

rup-sesem

rup-seseşi

rup-sese

rup-seserăm

rup-seserăţi

rup-seseră

7. Simple past

7.1. First conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the first conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ai, -aşi, -ă, -arăm, -arăţi, -ară:

CÂNTA (sing)

cânt-ai

cânt-aşi

cânt-ă

cânt-arăm

cânt-arăţi

cânt-ară

7.2. Second conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the second conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ai, -aşi, -ă, -arăm, -arăţi, -ară:

DANSA (dance)

dans-ai

dans-aşi

dans-ă

dans-arăm

dans-arăţi

dans-ară

7.3. Third conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the third conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -âi, -âşi, -î, -ârăm, -ârăţi, -âră:

VÂRÎ (enter)

vâr-âi

vâr-âşi

vâr-î

vâr-ârăm

vâr-ârăţi

vâr-âră

7.4. Fourth conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the fourth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ii, -işi, -i, -irăm, -irăţi, -iră:

OFERI (offer)

ofer-ii

ofer-işi

ofer-i

ofer-irăm

ofer-irăţi

ofer-iră

7.5. Fifth conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the fifth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ii, -işi, -i, -irăm, -irăţi, -iră:

DORMI (sleep)

dorm-ii

dorm-işi

dorm-i

dorm-irăm

dorm-irăţi

dorm-iră

7.6. Sixth conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the sixth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ii, -işi, -i, -irăm, -irăţi, -iră:

GLUMI (joke)

glum-ii

glum-işi

glum-i

glum-irăm

glum-irăţi

glum-iră

7.7. Seventh conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the seventh conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -âi, -âşi, -î, -ârăm, -ârăţi, -âră:

HOTĂRÎ (decide)

hotăr-âi

hotăr-âşi

hotăr-î

hotăr-ârăm

hotăr-ârăţi

hotăr-âră

7.8. Eighth conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the eighth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ui, -uşi, -u, -urăm, -urăţi, -ură:

PĂREA (seem)

păr-ui

păr-uşi

păr-u

păr-urăm

păr-urăţi

păr-ură

7.9. Ninth conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the ninth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -ui, -uşi, -u, -urăm, -urăţi, -ură:

ÎNCEPE (begin)

încep-ui

încep-uşi

încep-u

încep-urăm

încep-urăţi

încep-ură

7.10. Tenth conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the tenth conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -sei, -seşi, -se, -serăm, -serăţi, -seră:

MERGE (go)

mer-sei

mer-seşi

mer-se

mer-serăm

mer-serăţi

mer-seră

7.11. Eleventh conjugation

The simple past of indicative of the eleventh conjugation is formed with the root of the verb plus the endings -sei, -seşi, -se, -serăm, -serăţi, -seră:

RUPE (break)

rup-sei

rup-seşi

rup-se

rup-serăm

rup-serăţi

rup-seră

8. Future I

The future I of indicative of all verbs is formed with the auxiliary verb a vrea (want) in