MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History


On July 17, 1863, two weeks after the Battle of Gettysburg ended in defeat for Confederate general Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia, the Daily Richmond Examiner brought its readers an eyewitness account of events before, during, and after the battle. The Examiner, one of a handful of newspapers published in the capital of the Confederacy, clearly saw its firsthand narrative as a scoop, billing the story—an excerpt from a letter written by an unnamed officer in Lee’s army—as “the only connected, intelligent and intelligible account that has yet been given to the public of the movements of General Lee from his crossing of the Potomac to his return to Hagerstown.”

An unsigned editorial on the back page of the single-sheet newspaper, probably written by its executive editor, John M. Daniel, struck a pessimistic note. “The Confederacy has lost several thousand able officers & brave soldiers,” it said. “But war cannot be made without such losses.”

The advance of the Second corps crossed into Maryland on Thursday, June 18th, near Shepherdstown. [Major] General [Robert E.] Rodes had already crossed below Martinsburg, and was occupying Hagerstown. [Brigadier] General [Albert G.] Jenkins was at Chambersburg, and [Brigadier] General John D.] Imboden about Cumberland. The Second corps (excepting Rodes’ division) occupied the battlefield of Antietam the 20th, 21st and 22d of June, and marched beyond Hagerstown on the 23d.

“Sharpsburg was black Union, but Hagerstown turned out wild with joy at our approach.”

The reception of these gallant victors of Winchester all through the lower valley was refreshing, and at Shepherdstown fair ladies crowded the streets, and welcomed the) and appropriated according to an accurate distribution by Chief Quartermasters and sub Quartermasters. A Major General got a hat, but as to the rest, hats, shoes, boots, calicoes, whiskey, for the most part, that great unfathomable sponge, the active Quartermaster’s Department got them.

Estás leyendo una vista previa, regístrate para leer más.

Más de MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History

MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History1 min. leídos
Sharpsburg, Maryland, 1864
Simon G. Elliott, a railroad engineer and surveyor, visits the site of the 1862 Battle of Antietam to prepare a map of the burial places of 5,844 Union and Confederate soldiers. TODAY: Two historians searching for information about Elliott in the col
MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History5 min. leídos
Great Victory!
In 1815 James Morgan Bradford may well have become the first modern war correspondent when he sent a firsthand account of the Battle of New Orleans to The Time Piece, the tiny newspaper he had established four years earlier in St. Francisville, Louis
MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History1 min. leídosInternational Relations
Big Shots
John Foster Dulles was born in 1888 in the Washington, D.C., home of his maternal grandfather, a brigadier general in the Civil War and secretary of state under President Benjamin Harrison. In 1917, with World War I raging in Europe, Dulles, by then